York E2FB120 Installation manual

®
SPLIT-SYSTEM HEAT PUMPS
OUTDOOR UNITS
INSTALLATION MANUAL
Supersedes: 035-15410-002-A-0304
035-15410-002-B-0404
MODELS E3FB090 & E2FB120
(50 and 60 Hz)
GENERAL
These heat pump units are designed for outdoor installation on
a roof or at ground level. Every unit is completely piped and
wired at the factory and is shipped ready for immediateinstallation. Only the liquid and vapor lines to the indoor coil, the control wiring and the main power wiring are required to complete
the installation. Each unit is dehydrated, evacuated, leak
tested and pressure tested at 450 psig before being pressurized with a holding charge of Refrigerant-22 for shipment
and/or storage.
Every unit includes a heavy-duty compressor with line break
overload protection, a suction line accumulator, a 4-way reversing valve, a filter-drier, an expansion valve, a distributor, a
check valve, and a copper tube/aluminum fin coil.
Installer should pay particular attention to the words: NOTE,
CAUTION and WARNING. Notes are intended to clarify or
make the installation easier. Cautions are given to prevent
equipment damage. Warnings are given to alert the installer
that personal injury and/or equipment damage may result if the
installation procedure is not handled properly.
INSPECTION
As soon as a unit is received, it should be inspected for possible damage during transit. If damage is evident, the extent of
the damage should be noted on the carrier's freight bill. Aseparate request for inspection by the carrier's agent should be
made in writing. See Form 50.15-NM for more information.
All controls are readily accessiblefor maintenance,adjustment
and service. All power and control wiring can be routed through
the front of the unit.
REFERENCE
This instruction covers the installation of the outdoor unit. For
information on the installation of the matching indoor unit, refer
to Form 515.41-N2.
All accessories come with a separate installation manual.
Refer to Parts Manual for complete listing of replacement parts
on this equipment.
The above forms may be ordered from:
Standard Register
TOLL FREE Telephone: 877-318-9675
TOLL FREE Fax: 877-379-7920
CAUTION
THIS PRODUCT MUST BE INSTALLED IN STRICT COMPLIANCE
WITH THE ENCLOSED INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS AND
ANY APPLICABLE LOCAL, STATE, AND NATIONAL CODES
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, BUILDING, ELECTRICAL,
AND MECHANICAL CODES.
WARNING
INCORRECT INSTALLATION MAY CREATE A CONDITION
WHERE THE OPERATION OF THE PRODUCT COULD CAUSE
PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
035-15410-002-B-0404
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GENERAL .............................................................................
REFERENCE .............................................................................
INSPECTION .............................................................................
NOMENCLATURE ......................................................................
1
1
1
2
START-UP
CRANKCASE HEATER (10 Ton Unit Only) ................................
PRE-START CHECK ..................................................................
INITIAL START-UP .....................................................................
SAFETY FEATURES..................................................................
SECURE OWNER'S APPROVAL...............................................
INSTALLATION
LIMITATIONS .............................................................................
LOCATION
Roof-Top Locations .............................................................
Ground Level Locations ......................................................
RIGGING AND HANDLING ........................................................
CLEARANCES ...........................................................................
COMPRESSORS .......................................................................
COMPRESSOR CRANKCASE HEATER (10 Ton Only).............
POWER AND CONTROL WIRING
Power Wiring ......................................................................
Control Wiring .....................................................................
Wire Sizing..........................................................................
REFRIGERANT PIPING
General Guidelines .............................................................
Line Sizing ..........................................................................
Service Valves ....................................................................
EXTENDING THE SERVICE PORTS.........................................
INSTALLATION...........................................................................
EVACUATING AND CHARGING ................................................
BALANCE POINT SETTING.......................................................
3
15
15
15
15
15
MAINTENANCE
3
3
3
4
4
4
CLEANING .............................................................................
LUBRICATION............................................................................
REPLACEMENT PARTS ............................................................
NOTICE TO OWNER..................................................................
15
15
15
15
LIST OF FIGURES
4
4
5
Figure
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5
7
8
8
8
9
10
Description
Page
Center of Gravity .................................................. 3
Typical Rigging..................................................... 4
Typical Field Wiring .............................................. 5
Unit Dimensions & Clearances ............................ 6
Field Piping Diagrams (Refrigerant Flow) ............ 7
Extending The Service Ports................................ 10
Refrigerant Flow Diagram .................................... 11
Charging Curve EFB090 ...................................... 12
Charging Curve EFB120 ...................................... 12
LIST OF TABLES
OPERATION
GENERAL .............................................................................
SYSTEM SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
Cooling Operation ...............................................................
Heating Operation...............................................................
Defrost Cycle ......................................................................
Operation Below 0°F...........................................................
Emergency Heat Operation ................................................
Table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
13
13
13
14
14
14
Description
Page
Unit Application Data............................................ 3
Physical Data ....................................................... 4
Electrical Data ...................................................... 5
Liquid Lines .......................................................... 7
Vapor Lines .......................................................... 8
Refrigerant Line Charge....................................... 8
PRODUCT NOMENCLATURE
E
PRODUCT CATEGORY
3
F
B
0
9
0
A
2
5
VOLTAGE CODE
E = Split-System Heat Pump
Outdoor Unit
25 = 208/230-3-60
46 = 460-3-60
50 = 380/415-3-50
PRODUCT GENERATION
1 = First Generation
2 = Second Generation
3 = Third Generation
PRODUCT IDENTIFIER
FB = Outdoor Unit
2
NOMINAL COOLING
CAPACITY
FACTORY INSTALLED HEAT
A = Not Applicable
090 = 7-1/2 Ton
120 = 10 Ton
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
INSTALLATION
LIMITATIONS
These units must be installed in accordance with all national
and local safety codes. If no local codes apply, installation must
conform with the appropriate national codes. See Table 1 for
unit application data. Units are designed to meet National
Safety Code Standards.If components are to be added to a unit
to meet local codes, they are to be installed at the dealer's
and/or the customer's expense.
TABLE 1 - UNIT APPLICATION DATA
Voltage Variation (Min/Max.) 1
187/252
208/230-3-60
432/504
460-3-60
342/456
380/415-3-50
Air Temperature on OUTDOOR coil, °F
Minimum
Maximum
Cool
Heat
Cool
115db
40db
0db2
Air Temperature on INDOOR coil, °F
Minimum
Maximum
Cool
Heat
Cool
72wb
57wb
50db3
Maximum Line Lengths - 125 ft.
joists. (2) Extend beyond the dimensions of the unit to
distribute the load on the roof, (3) Be capable of adequately
supporting the entire unit weight. Refer to Figure 1 and Table 2
for load distribution and weights.
These beams can usually be set directly on the roof. Flashingis
not required.
NOTE:
On bonded roofs, check for special installation requirements.
GROUND LEVEL LOCATIONS
Heat
75db
Heat
80db
1
Rated in accordance with ARI Standard 110, utilization range “A”.
Below 0°F, the control system stops the compressor and allows the electric heat accessory to
cycle at its standby capacity.
3
Operation below this temperature is permissible for a short period of time when a unit is
required to heat the conditioned space up to 50°F.
2
The units must be installed on a substantial base that will not
settle. Any strain on the refrigerant lines may cause a refrigerant leak. Aone-piece concrete slab with footers that extend below the frost line is recommended. The slab should not be tied
to the building foundationbecause noise and vibration will telegraph into the building.
A unit can also be supported by concrete piers. These piers
should: (1) extend below the frost line, (2) be located under the
unit's four corners and (3) be sized to carry the entire unit
weight. Refer to Figure 1 and Table 2 for the center of gravity
and unit weight.
A gravel bed or some other means of handling the condensate
that will drop from the underside of the unit coil during the heating and defrost cycles may have to be provided.
Use the following guidelines to select a suitable location for
these units.
CAUTION: Care should be taken to protect the unit from tampering and unauthorized persons from injury.
Screws on access panels will prevent casual tampering. Additional safety precautions such as
fences around the unit or locking devices on the
panels may be advisable. Check local authorities
for safety regulations.
1. The outdoor units must be installed outside the building.
The outdoor fans are the propeller type and are not suitable
for use with duct work.
APPROXIMATE
CENTER OF GRAVITY
LOCATION
2. The outdoor and indoor units should be installed as close
together as possible and with a minimum number of bends
in the refrigerant piping. Refer to REFRIGERANT PIPING
for additional information.
3. The outdoor unit should not be installed beneath windows
or between structures where normal operating sounds may
be objectionable.
WARNING: The outdoor unit should not be installed in an area
where mud and/or ice could cause personal injury.
Remember that condensate will drip from the underside of the unit coils during heat and defrost cycles and that this condensate will freeze when the
temperature of the outdoor air is below 32°F.
4. All units require certain clearances for proper operation and
service. Refer to General Installation Form 55.70-N1 for
additional guidelines.
On either roof top or ground level installations, rubber padding
can be applied between the base rails and their supports to
lessen any transmission of vibration.
ROOF-TOP LOCATIONS
Be careful not to damage the roof. Consult the building contractor or architectif the roof is bonded.Choosea locationwith adequate structural strength to support the unit.
The unit must be mounted on solid level supports. The supports can be channel iron beams or wooden beams treated to
reduce deterioration.
A minimum of two (2) beams are required to support each unit.
The beams should: (1) Be positioned perpendicular to the roof
Unitary Products Group
A
C
FRONT
Unit
7-1/2 Ton
10 Ton
BACK
(COIL
END)
A
42-3/4
70-1/8
D
Dim. (Iin.)
B
C
31-3/4
21-1/4
32
30-3/4
B
D
11-1/2
15-1/8
FIG. 1 - CENTER OF GRAVITY
RIGGING AND HANDLING
Exercise care when moving the unit. Do not remove any packaging until the unit is near the place of installation.
Rig the unit by attaching nylon straps with hooks to the lifting
holes provided in the base rails. Spreaders, whose length exceeds the largest dimension across the unit, MUST be used
across the top of the unit if the rigging height above the top of
the unit is less than 5 feet. See Figure 2.
WARNING: Do not use straps under the unit or through the fork
lift slots for lifting purposes. Sharp metal edges
can damage the straps and could result in personal injury or equipment damage.
BEFORE LIFTING A UNIT, MAKE SURE THAT ITS WEIGHT
IS DISTRIBUTED EQUALLY ON THE STRAPS SO THAT IT
WILL LIFT EVENLY.
3
035-15410-002-B-0404
Units may also be moved or lifted with a fork-lift. Slotted openings in the base rails are provided for this purpose. The 7-1/2
ton unit may be lifted from either the LH or RH side - under the
unit.
LENGTH OF FORKS MUST BE A MINIMUM OF 42" (for 7-1/2
ton units) and a MINIMUM OF 54" (for 10 ton units) when lifting
from either side.
Remove the nesting brackets from the four corners on top of
the unit. All screws that are removed to take these brackets off
must be replaced on the unit
7-1/2 TON UNIT SHOWN
5 F T . M IN .
COMPRESSORS
Units are shippedwith compressormountingsfactory-adjusted
and ready for operation.
CAUTION: Do Not loosen compressor mounting bolts.
COMPRESSOR CRANKCASE HEATER
The compressor is equipped with a crankcase heater to prevent refrigerant from mixing with crankcase oil during the
“OFF” cycle. The heaters will be energized when the compressor is not running providing the unit disconnect switch is
closed.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to start the compressor without at
least eight hours of crankcase heat or compressor
damage will occur.
If a unit has just been installed or the unit disconnect switch has
been open for a long period of time, move the system switch on
the room thermostat to the “OFF” position before closing the
unit disconnect switch. Eight hours of crankcase heat are required to drive the liquid refrigerant out of the compressor before the compressor can be started.
FORK-LIFT
OPENINGS
POWER AND CONTROL WIRING
FIG. 2 - TYPICAL RIGGING
CLEARANCES
All units require certain minimum clearances for proper operation and service. Refer to Figure 4 for these clearances.
WARNING: Do not permit overhanging structures or shrubs to
obstruct air discharge.
Additional height may be required for snow clearance if winter
operation is expected.
TABLE 2 - PHYSICAL DATA
MODEL
Compressor1
Fans
Fan Motors2
Coil
Refrigerant-22
(Lbs.)
Unit Weight
(Lbs.)
1
EFB090
Rating, (Tons)
7-1/2
1
Quantity
Diameter, (In.)/No. Blades
24/3
Nominal CFM
4604
HP
3/4
RPM
1100
Face Area, (Sq. Ft.)
18.75
Rows Deep x Rows High
2 x 30
Finned Length, (In.)
90
Tube (Copper) OD - inches
3/8
Fins (Aluminum) per inch
18
1.0
Holding Charge
Operating Charge 3
14.3
Pumpdown Capacity 4
19.6
355
Shipping
Operating
350
4
POWER WIRING
Check the voltage of the power supply against the data on the
unit nameplate. Check the size of the power wire, the disconnect switch and the fuses against the data on Table 3.
NOTE:
EFB120
10
2
24/3
7600
1/2
1100
24.00
2 x 36
96
3/8
16
2.25
21.4
24.6
435
430
These compressors are fully hermetic.
These PSC motors are directly connected to the outdoor fans and have inherent protection,
ball bearings and a 48 frame. Rotation (when viewing the shaft end of the motor) - 090=CW,
120=CCW.
3
Includes outdoor unit and matched indoor blower unit, but no piping. Refer to Table 6 for refrigerant line charge.
4
Based on a 95°F ambient.
2
Install electrical wiring in accordance with the latest National
Electrical Code (NFPA Standard No. 70) and/or local regulations. The unit should be grounded in accordance with these
codes.
Copper conductorsmust be installed between the disconnect switch and the unit.
Refer to Figure 4 for the location of the power wire access
opening through the front of the unit. This opening will require a
field-supplied conduit fitting.
The field-supplied disconnect switch must be suitable for an
outdoor location. Although it should be installed near the unit,
do NOT secure it to the unit cabinet.
Refer to Figure 3 for typical field wiring.
CONTROL WIRING
Refer to Figure 4 for the location of the control wire access
opening through the front of the unit.
Route the necessary low voltage control wires from terminal
block 1TB of the unit control box through this access opening to
the indoor unit and to the room thermostat. Refer to Figure 3 for
typical field wiring.
The room thermostat should be mounted about 5 feet above
the floor and located where it will be exposed to normal room
air circulation. Do not locate it on an outside wall, near a supply
air grill, or where it may be affected by sunlight and/or drafts.
Circulation of air to the thermostat should not be blocked by
curtains, drapes, furniture, partitions, etc.
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
Some installations may require a locking cover to protect the
thermostat from tampering and/or damage.
Both the manual and auto changeover thermostats have nonadjustable, voltage-type anticipators for both cooling and heating.
WIRE SIZING
RECOMMENDED
WIRE SIZE
#19 Solid
#18 Solid
#18 Stranded
#16 Stranded
#14 Stranded
#12 Stranded
MAXIMUM TOTAL
CIRCUIT LENGTH - FT.*
130
170
180
270
455
730
Refer to the following chart to size the control wiring properly. If
the wiring is undersized,voltage drop could become excessive
and result in malfunctioning of the unit controls.
REFRIGERANT PIPING
GENERAL GUIDELINES
*To determine the total circuit length, add the following distances:
1 - Outdoor Unit to Indoor Unit................................
2 - Indoor Unit to Thermostat...................................
3 - Thermostat to Indoor Unit...................................
2 - Indoor Unit to Outdoor Unit.................................
Total Circuit Length............
Note:
Many service problems can be avoided by taking adequate
precautions to provide an internally clean and dry system and
by using procedures and materials that conform with established standards.
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
Refer to document 036-13335-003
for correct thermostat.
FIG. 3 - TYPICAL FIELD WIRING
TABLE 3 - ELECTRICAL DATA
Compressor
Model
Power
EFB
RLA LRA
Supply
25 200/230-3-60
E3FB
46 460-3-60
090A
50 308/415-3-50
25.6
180.0
13.5
95.0
13.5
85.0
25 208/230-3-60
E2FB
46 460-3-60
120A
50 380/415-3-50
42.0
239.0
19.2
125.0
19.6
118.0
1
Power
Factor
0.94 @ 208V
0.84 @ 230V
0.86
0.86 @ 380V
0.79 @ 415V
0.91 @ 208V
0.82 @ 230V
0.82
0.87 @ 380V
0.80 @ 415V
Outdoor Fan Motor
Min.
FLA Circuit
Power
Qty.
(Each) Amps
Supply
Max.
Fuse
Size
208/230-1-60
1
3.03
35.1
60
460-1-60
1
1.6
18.4
30
380/415-1-50
1
1.6
18.4
30
208/230-1-60
2
2.7
51.8
70
460-1-60
2
1.6
24.7
35
380/415-/-50
2
1.6
25.2
35
Based on three, 60°C insulated copper conductors in steel conduit.
2
Based on a 3% voltage drop.
Unitary Products Group
5
035-15410-002-B-0404
CLEARANCES
1
2
Overhead (Top)1
Front
(Piping and Access Panels)
Left Side
Right Side
Rear
Bottom 2
120"
30"
24"
24"
K- 24"
0"
Units must be installed outdoors. Overhanging structures or shrubs should
not obstruct air discharge outlet.
Adequate snow clearance must be provided if winter operation is expected.
All dimensions are in inches. They are
subject to change without notice. Certified
dimensions will be provided upon request.
FIG. 4 - UNIT DIMENSIONS AND CLEARANCES - 7-1/2 & 10 TON
6
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
Use hard drawn copper tubing where no appreciableamount of
bending around pipes or other obstructions is necessary. Use
long radius ells wherever possible with one exception - small
radius ells for the traps in all vapor risers. If soft copper is used,
care should be taken to avoid sharp bends which may cause a
restriction.
Pack fiber glass insulation and a sealing material such as
Permagum around refrigerant lines where they penetrate a
wall to reduce vibration and to retain some flexibility.
Support all refrigerant lines at minimum intervals with suitable
hangers, brackets or clamps.
Braze all copper to copper joints with Silfos-5 or equivalent
brazing material. Do not use soft solder.
Insulate all vapor lines with a minimum of 1/2" ARMA-FLEX or
equal. Liquid lines exposed to direct sunlight and/or high temperatures must also be insulated.
Never solder vapor and liquid lines together. They can be taped
together for convenience and support purposes, but they must
be completely insulated from each other.
Never exceed the maximum line length listed in Table 1.
LINE SIZING
The following factors should be considered when locating the
indoor and outdoor units and when sizing the refrigerant lines
for a split heat pump system. Refer to Figure 5.
TABLE 4 - LIQUID LINES
System
Model
Refrigerant
Flow Rate,1
(Lbs/Min)
EFB090/FEH090
EFB120/FEH120
1
22.5
30.0
Pressure Drop 3
Type “L”
Copper
Vertical
Friction,2
Tubing,
Rise
(PSI/100
Ft)
(In. OD)
(PSI/Ft)
5/8
3.5
0.5
5/8
5.8
0.5
Based on Refrigerant-22 at the nominal cooling capacity of the system, a liquid temperature
of 105°F and a vapor temperature of 40°F. Since refrigerant flow rates will be a little lower at
the nominal heating capacity of each system, liquid line friction loss should always be based
on cooling operation.
2
These friction losses do not include any allowance for fittings.
3
The total pressure drop of the liquid line for both friction and vertical rise must not exceed 40
PSI. If the pressure drop exceeds 40 PSI, the liquid refrigerant could flash before it reaches
the expansion valve. This flashing will not only cause erratic valve operation and poor system
performance, but could also damage the expansion valve.
THE LIQUID LINE - The vertical rise should never exceed 50
feet because liquid refrigerant will lose 0.5 psi of static head for
each vertical foot.
The total pressure loss for a field-installed liquid line should
never exceed 40 psi because the liquid refrigerant could flash
before it reaches the expansion valve. This flashing will not
only cause erratic valve operation and poor system performance, but could also damage the expansion valve.
Total pressure loss includes the static head loss explained
above plus the friction losses due to the length of the line (Table
4) and number of fittings in the line.
When the indoor unit is above the outdoor unit, the friction loss
through the 1-1/8" OD vapor riser will be more of a limiting factor than the loss of static head in the liquid riser. See Example
#3 and #4 for the VAPOR LINE.
THE VAPOR LINE - A vapor line should not only be sized for a
friction loss of 3 psi (2°F) but also for the proper return of oil to
the compressor during both the cooling and heating cycles.
Friction loss should always be based on cooling operation because refrigerant flow rates will be greater during the cooling
cycle than during the heating cycle.
Unitary Products Group
FIG. 5 - FIELD PIPING DIAGRAMS
(Cooling/Heating Refrigerant Flow)
Oil return will be critical during:
1. The cooling cycle when the outdoor unit is above the indoor
unit (detail 1 of Figure 5).
2. The heating cycle when the indoor unit is above the outdoor
unit (detail 4 of Figure 5).
When the indoor unit is above the outdoor unit, the size of the
vapor riser must be reduced to 1-1/8" OD so that the velocity of
the refrigerant will be great enough to carry oil up the riser during the heating cycle.
When 1-1/8" OD tubing must be used for the riser, the maximum length for the vapor line will be greatly reduced as shown
in the following examples.
EXAMPLES:
#1 - 7-1/2 Ton System
125 feet of 1-3/8" OD, type “L” copper tubing
(125 feet x 1.6 psi/100 feet) ...........................................2.0 psi
Fitting*....................................................................................0.4 psi
Vapor Line Pressure Drop = 2.4 psi
#2 - 10 Ton System
89 feet of 1-3/8" OD, type “L” copper tubing
(89 feet x 2.8 psi/100 feet) .............................................2.5 psi
Fitting*....................................................................................0.5 psi
Vapor Line Pressure Drop = 3.0 psi
#3 - 7-1/2 Ton System
51 feet of 1-1/8" OD, type “L” copper tubing (vertical)
(51 feet x 4.7 psi/100 feet) .............................................2.4 psi
6 feet of 1-3/8" OD, type “L” copper tubing (horizontal)
(6 feet x 1.6 psi/100 feet) ...............................................0.1 psi
Fitting*....................................................................................0.5 psi
Vapor Line Pressure Drop = 3.0 psi
#4 - 10 Ton System
29 feet of 1-1/8" OD, type “L” copper tubing (vertical)
7
035-15410-002-B-0404
(29 feet x 8.0 psi/100 feet) .............................................2.3
psi
1,2,3
7 feet of 1-3/8" OD, type “L” copper tubing (horizontal)
(7 feet x 2.8 psi/100 feet) ...............................................0.2 psi
Fitting*....................................................................................0.5 psi
Vapor Line Pressure Drop = 3.0 psi
*Determine the pressure drop of the fittings for each installation - DO NOT use the estimated
values as shown in the above examples.
Although longer vapor lines are permissible, friction losses exceeding 3 psi (2°F) will reduce system capacity in both the cooling and heating cycles.
TABLE 5 - VAPOR LINES
System
Model
Refrigerant
Flow Rate,4
(Lbs/Min)
EFB090/FEH090
22.5
EFB120/FEH120
30.0
1
Type “L”
Friction
Copper Tubing
Loss,5,6
(In. OD)
(PSI/100 Ft.)
1-1/8
4.7
1-3/8
1.6
1-1/8
8.0
1-3/8
2.8
All horizontal vapor lines should be level since the refrigerant flows in both directions.
2
All vapor lines with a vertical rise exceeding 50 feet should have an intermediate trap. Small
radius traps will provide drainage points for the oil which is in the riser when the circuit is
deactivated. When the circuit is reactivated, the oil will be returned to the compressor more
quickly and in smaller slugs.
3
Every vapor riser greater than 5 feet in height should have a small radius trap at the bottom.
4
Based on Refrigerant-22 at the nominal cooling capacity of the system, a vapor temperature
of 40°F and a liquid temperature of 105°F. Since refrigerant flow rates will be a little lower at
the nominal heating capacity of each system, vapor line friction loss should always be based
on cooling operation.
5
Although vapor lines should be sized for a friction loss equivalent to a 2°F change in saturation
temperature (or approximately 3 psi), sizing the lines for the proper return of oil is more
important.
6
These friction losses do not include any allowance for fittings. Only use a 1-1/8" riser when
the indoor unit is above the outdoor unit.
SERVICE VALVES
These outdoor units have both vapor and liquid line service
valves.
Both valves are shipped from the factory front-seated and
closed with the valve stem in the maximumclockwiseposition.
These service valves are the back-seatingtype and have a 1/4"
male flare access port for evacuatingand chargingthe system.
Shrader access valves are provided on the compressor vapor
and discharge lines for pressure checking the system.
All access ports are sealed with a removable cap. Never remove a cap unless the valve is fully back-seated with its valve
stem in the maximum counter-clockwise position because the
refrigerant charge will be lost.
EXTENDING THE SERVICE PORTS
INSTALLATION
Since the condensing units are shipped with a holding charge
of Refrigerant-22, they can be checked for a refrigerant leak by
depressing the stem on either of the service ports that extend
through the cabinet. As soon as some internal pressure is relieved release the stem. DO NOT release the entire holding
charge.
If the unit has already lost its holding charge, it should be leak
tested and the necessary repairs should be made. If the unit
has maintained its holding charge, you can assume that it has
no leaks and proceed with the installation.
CAUTION: When making a braze connection, wrap a wet rag
around all tubing inside the unit to prevent damage
to the other components.
Dry nitrogen should always be supplied through a
connection while it is being brazed or unbrazed
because the temperature required to make or
break a brazed joint is sufficiently high to cause
oxidation of the copper unless an inert atmosphere is provided. The flow of nitrogen should be
continued until the joint has cooled.
WARNING: The dry nitrogen must always be supplied through
a pressure regulating valve.
Before installing the liquid line between the outdoor and indoor
units, remove the copper disc from the liquid connection on the
outdoor unit per the following procedure:
1. Make sure the refrigerant in the line has been recovered
and that the liquid service valve on the unit is front-seated
and closed. The valve stem should be turned to its maximum clockwise position.
2. Drill a small hole through the disc before unbrazing it to per-
mit a flow of dry nitrogen through the connection while it is
being unbrazed.
WARNING: This hole is also required to prevent the internal
pressure from building up as the disc is being unbrazed and from blowing the disc off.
This warning applies to any disc being removed
from a service valve, coil connection, etc.
3. Remove the cap from the 1/4" access port on the liquid line stop
valve.
Refer to Fig.6:
4. Connect a supply of dry nitrogen to this access port.
1. Loosen the screws securing the service ports in shipping
position. (See FIG 6).
5. Unbraze the copper disc from the liquid connection while
2. Push the service ports through the corner post.
3. Tighten the screws to secure the service ports for installation.
maintaining a minimum flow of dry nitrogen through the
connection.
After the disc has been removed,
1. Burnish the external surfaces of the liquid connection on
TABLE 6 - REFRIGERANT LINE CHARGE 1
Line Size,
Refrigerant Charge
Refrigerant
OD (In.)
(Lb/Ft)
Line2
Liquid
5/8
0.113
1-1/8
Vapor
0.013
1-3/8
1
2
Charges are based on 40°F suction temperature and 105°F liquid temperature.
Type “L” copper tubing.
8
the outdoor unit and the end of the field-supplied piping being used for the liquid line.
NOTE:
Clean surfaces are essential for a well brazed connection.
2. Carefully clean the internal surfaces of the above. Any particles left on these surfaces may lead to a future system
malfunction.
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
NOTE:
Use only copper tubing that has been especially
cleaned and dehydrated for refrigerant use. If the tubing has been open for an extended period of time, it
should be cleaned before being used.
The liquid line connections can now be brazed while maintaining a minimum flow of dry nitrogen through the piping.
NOTE:
Afilter-drier is factory-mounted in the outdoor unit for the
heatingcycleandintheindoorunitforthecoolingcycle.
Do NOT install another filter-drier in the field-supplied
liquid line because refrigerant will flow in both directions on a heat pump system.
1. The matched air handlers are shipped with a small R-22
charge and they should be checked for leaks before installation. Drill a small hole through the sealing cap or disc in
both the liquid and suction connection. If there is a pressure release, the evaporator has no leaks and you can proceed with installation. If the charge has been lost, the coils
should be leak tested and the necessary repairs made.
2. Move the dry nitrogen supply from the access port on the
liquid line service valve of the outdoor unit to the hole
through the vapor disc on the indoor unit.
3. Unbraze the coil's liquid line disc while maintaining a flow of
dry nitrogen across the connection and through the hole in
the liquid line disc.
4. After the disc has been removed, burnish the external surfaces and clean the internal surfaces as outlined above.
5. Move the dry nitrogen supply back to the access port on the
liquid line service valve.
6. Braze the liquid line to the liquid connection on the indoor
unit while maintaining a minimum flow of dry nitrogen
through the liquid line, the indoor coil and the hole in the vapor disc.
7. Unbraze the disc on the vapor connection of the indoor unit
while maintaining the flow of dry nitrogen.
8. After the disc has been removed, burnish the external surfaces and clean the internal surfaces as outlined above.
The vapor piping can now be brazed to the vapor connectionon
the indoor unit while maintaining a minimum flow of dry nitrogen.
Before brazing the vapor line to the outdoor unit, make sure the
refrigerant in the line has been recovered, then remove the copper disc from its vapor connection per the following procedure:
1. Make sure that the vapor line service valve on the outdoor
unit is front-seated and closed with its valve stem in the
maximum clockwise position.
2. Drill a small hole through the disc before unbrazing it to permit a flow of dry nitrogen through the connection while its
being unbrazed.
3. Move the dry nitrogen supply to the access port on the vapor line service valve of the outdoor unit.
4. Unbraze the disc on the vapor line connection of the outdoor unit while maintaining a minimum flow of dry nitrogen
through the access port of the vapor line service valve and
the hole in the vapor disc.
5. After the disc has been removed, burnish the external sur-
faces and clean the internal surfaces of the vapor connection and the vapor piping.
The vapor line can now be brazed to the vapor connection on
the outdoor unit while maintaining the flow of dry nitrogen.
Unitary Products Group
After the liquid and vapor lines have been installed, the system
should be evacuated and charged.
EVACUATING AND CHARGING
With the liquid and suction line service valves closed, connect
a vacuum pump through a charging manifold to the access
ports on both the liquid and suction line service valves.
NOTE:
The vacuum pump connectionshould be short and no
smaller than 3/8" O.D.
The refrigerantlines and the evaporatorcoil can now be evacuated to 500 microns without disturbing the charge in the condenser coil or the compressor.
After proper evacuation and dehydration, charge refrigerant
through the access port on the liquid line service valve allowing
the vacuum to draw in as much refrigerant as possible.
CAUTION: Do not charge liquid refrigerant through the compressor suction connection.
CAUTION: Do not attempt to start the compressor without at
least 8 hours of crankcase heat or compressor
damage will occur.
To continue charging refrigerant, open the liquid and the suction line service valves fully. Turn the stem of the liquid service
valve clockwise 1/4 turn to open its access port for reading
pressure.
Start the compressor(after 8 hours of crankcaseheat), turn the
stem of the suction line service valve clockwise1/4 turn to open
its service port and continue to charge refrigerant gas through
this suction access port until you meet the conditionsshown on
the charging curve, Fig. 8.
Open the liquid and vapor line service valves fully to close their
access ports after the system has been charged.
Alternate Charging Methods
If you are starting a unit when the ambient temperature is
higher or lower than those shown in Fig. 8, either of the following methods may be used.
Method 1: Determine the total weight of the refrigerant for the
total system by adding the required charge for the
outdoor unit, the indoor unit and the refrigerant
lines using information in Tables 2 (Physical Data)
and 6 (Refrigerant Line Charge). Using the charging procedures outlined above, weigh the required
amount of refrigerant charge into the unit.
Method 2: Install a field supplied moisture indicating sight
glass in the liquid line between the filter-drier and
the evaporator coil.
Using the charging procedure outlined above,
charge refrigerant until the moisture indicating
sight glass is clear. Add approximately 1 extra
pound of refrigerant to assure a liquid refrigerant
seal at the expansion valve under all operating
conditions. Block the flow of the condenser air, if
necessary, to assure a head pressure of 280 psig
during the charging procedure.
NOTE:
The installer should return to the job to verify the operating charge when the ambient temperature is within
the conditions shown in Fig. 8.
9
035-15410-002-B-0404
BALANCE POINT SETTING
The balance point of a heat pump is the lowest temperature at
which the refrigeration system can heat the building without
any supplemental resistance heat.
The balance point is dependent upon 1. The outdoor design temperature,
2. The building heat loss at the outdoor design temperature,
and
3. The heating capacity of the system at the outdoor design
temperature.
Refer to Form 515.41-AD1 to determine balance point.
Refer to 035-05163-001 for details regarding the outdoor ambient balance point control accessory Model No.
2BP11700224.
FIG. 6 - EXTENDING THE SERVICE PORTS
10
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
FIG. 7 - REFRIGERANT FLOW DIAGRAM
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11
035-15410-002-B-0404
FIG. 8 - CHARGING CURVE EFB090
FIG. 9 - CHARGING CURVE EFB120
12
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
OPERATION
GENERAL
During the cooling cycle, when the reversingvalve solenoid becomes energized, operation will be the same as any conventional air conditioning system.
During the heating cycle, when the reversing valve solenoid
becomes de-energized, compressor discharge gas will be diverted to the indoor coil and the outdoor coil will become the
evaporator.
Refer to Figure 7 for illustration showing the flow of refrigerant
through a heat pump system.
CAUTION: Reversing valves and check valves are precise
mechanical devices and will not tolerate any mechanical abuse such as hammering. If a refrigerant
system isn't properly cleaned after a compressor
burn-out, scale may build up at these devices and
prevent them from operating properly.
SYSTEM SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
The following sequences of operation are based on using the
manual changeover thermostat. Refer to the respective unit
wiring diagram.
COOLING OPERATION
1. The following controls will be energized through terminal O
on the thermostat to put the system in the cooling mode.
• The reversing valve solenoid (7-1/2 Ton units)
• Relay 2R and the reversing valve solenoid (10 Ton units)
2. If the fan switch on the thermostat is in the “ON” position, indoor section blower motor contactor 10M will be energized
through terminal G to provide continuous blower operation.
If the switch is in the “AUTO” position, the blower will operate only when the thermostat calls for cooling operation.
3. When TC1 of the thermostat closes on a demand for cooling, a circuit is made from terminal Y through the defrost
control board and safety switches to energize contactor 1M
and relay 1R, starting the compressor. Contactor 2M is energized through the NO contacts of 1R-2 and the NC contacts of K2 on the defrost control board in order to start the
outdoor fan motor(s).
NOTE: On 10 Ton units, both outdoor fan motors will operate if the ambient temperature is above 65 °F. If the
ambient temperature falls below 65 °F, control 3TH
will shut down the No. 1 fan motor.
4. Relay 1R also prevents the 10KW portion of accessory
electric heat referenced as standby electric heat from being
utilized whenever the compressor is in operation. This part
of the circuit is covered under HEATING OPERATION.
5. The thermostat will cycle the unit to satisfy the cooling requirements of the conditioned space.
6. After the unit has shutdown from a cooling cycle or a power
interruption, the anti-short cycle feature of the defrost control board will not permit the unit to restart for 5 minutes.
This feature prevents the unit from short cycling.
a. Turning the system switch on the thermostat to the
“OFF” position and back to the “COOLING” position.
b. Increasing the set point on the thermostat above the
temperature in the conditioned space and then returning it to its original setting.
c. Opening and closing the power supply main disconnect
switch.
IN ALL THREE RESET METHODS DESCRIBED ABOVE,
A FIVE MINUTE TIME DELAY WILL TAKE PLACE AFTER
THE RESET BEFORE THE UNIT WILL RESTART.
HEATING OPERATION
1. Reversing valve is de-energized and the system will be in
the heating mode.
2. If the fan switch on the thermostat is in the “ON” position, indoor section blower motor contactor 10M will be energized
through terminal G to provide continuous blower operation.
If the switch is in “AUTO” position, the blower will operate
only when thermostat calls for heating operation.
3. When TH1 of the thermostat closes for first-stage heat, a
circuit is made from terminal Y through the defrost control
board and safety switches to energize contactor 1M and
start the compressor. Contactor 2M is energized through
the NO contacts 1R-2 and the NC contacts of K2 on the defrost control board which will start the outdoor fan motor(s).
NOTE: On 10 Ton units, if 3TH thermostat opens due to
outdoor ambient temperature being below 65 °F,
the No. 1 fan motor will continue to operate through
the NC contacts of relay 2R.
4. The thermostat will cycle the unit to satisfy the heating requirements of the conditioned space.
5. After the unit has shutdown from a heating cycle or a power
interruption, the anti-short cycle feature of the defrost control board will not permit the unit to restart for 5 minutes.
This feature prevents the unit from short cycling.
6. If the discharge pressure reaches 430 psig, the HP control
will open and the defrost control board will lock out the compressor. If the discharge temperature reaches 255°F, 2TH
thermostat will open and the defrost control board will lock
out the compressor. If the suction pressure falls to 7 psig,
the low pressure switch will open and the defrost control will
lock out the compressor.
7. If the control that caused the lockout has automatically reset, the unit can be restarted by one of the following:
7. If the discharge pressure reaches 430 psig, the HP control
will open and the defrost control board will lock out the compressor. If the discharge temperature reaches 255°F, 2TH
thermostat will open and the defrost control board will lock
out the compressor. If the suction pressure falls to 7 psig,
the low pressure switch will open and the defrost control will
lock out the compressor.
a. Turning the system switch on the thermostat to the
“OFF” position and back to the “HEATING” position.
8. If the control that caused the lockout has automatically reset, the unit can be restarted by one of the following:
c. Opening and closing the power supply main disconnect
switch.
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b. Decreasing the set point on the thermostat below the
temperature in the conditioned space and then returning it to its original setting.
13
035-15410-002-B-0404
IN ALL THREE RESET METHODS DESCRIBED ABOVE,
A FIVE MINUTE TIME DELAY WILL TAKE PLACE AFTER
THE RESET BEFORE THE UNIT WILL RESTART.
8. Supplemental electric heat (if installed) will be controlled by
second stage TH2 of the thermostat. The supplemental
electric heat circuit is controlled through low voltage terminals W, 60 and 66. The standby portion of electric heat
(controlled through low voltage terminal 53) cannot operate
because relay 4R is energized, opening the circuit to terminal 53, whenever the compressor is operating.
9. When second stage heating TH2 is satisfied, the supplemental heaters will be de-energized.
DEFROST CYCLE
When condensate freezes on the outdoor coil during heating
operation, it must be defrosted before it blocks the flow of air
across the coil.
1. A defrost cycle will be initiated by the defrost control board's
timed defrost feature.
2. When the defrost cycle is initiated, the unit operates as follows:
a. The reversing valve solenoid is energized through the
defrost control board causing the unit to switch to the
cooling cycle.
b. 10 minutes have passed since defrost initiation.
The 10 minute cycle time (independent of liquid line temperature) is controlled by the defrost control board.
4. At defrost termination, the unit returns to the normal heating operation.
OPERATION BELOW 0°F OUTDOOR
TEMPERATURE
1. At 0°F outdoor temperature, the low temperature compressor cutoff thermostat 1TH contacts 1 and 3 will open, deenergizing contactor 1M which shuts down the compressor. Contacts 1 and 2 of thermostat 1TH are closed when
contacts 1 and 3 are open. This feature allows the standby
electric heat (if installed) to operate under control of first
stage heating TH1 of the room thermostat whenever the
compressor is shut-down by the 1TH control. The supplemental electric heat will continue to be controlled by the
second stage TH2 of the room thermostat same as described under Item 8 of HEATING OPERATION.
2. The indoor section blower operation will be controlled by
the first stage heating TH1 of the room thermostat if the fan
switch is in the “AUTO” position.
EMERGENCY HEAT OPERATION
When the system switch on the room thermostat is placed in
the EMERGENCY HEAT position, operation is as follows:
b. Defrost control board de-energizes 2M contactor, causing the outdoor section fan(s) to shut down.
1. The emergency heat light on the room thermostat will be
energized.
c. Supplemental electric heat (if installed) will be energized through defrost control board. Only that portion of
electric heat controlled through low voltage control terminal 66 will be energized by the defrost cycle. The operation of supplemental electric heat during unit defrost
will prevent cold drafts in the conditioned space.
2. Compressor will not operate because the Y circuit of the
room thermostat cannot be energized.
3. The defrost cycle will be terminated when:
14
a. the liquid temperature exceeds 55°F, or
3. Supplemental and standby electric heat (if installed) will be
controlled by first stage heating TH1 of room thermostat.
4. Indoor section blower will also be controlled by first stage
heating TH1 if fan switch is in the “AUTO” position.
Unitary Products Group
035-15410-002-B-0404
START-UP
CRANKCASE HEATER
3. Check the compressor amperage. It should not exceed
The crankcase heaters must be energized at least 8 hours before starting the compressor. To energize the crankcase heaters, the main disconnect switch must be closed. During this 8
hour period, the system switch on the room thermostat must be
“OFF” to prevent the compressor from starting.
4.
CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE COMPRESSOR WITHOUT AT LEAST 8 HOURS OF
CRANKCASE HEAT OR COMPRESSOR DAMAGE WILL OCCUR.
Make sure that the bottom of the compressor is warm to the
touch to prove crankcase heater operation.
PRE-START CHECK
Before starting the unit, complete the following check list:
5.
6.
7.
8.
the RLA rating printed on the unit data plate or in Table 3
unless the ambient temperature is above 105°F.
Move the system switch on the room thermostat to the
“HEAT” position, and increase the set point of the room
thermostat until heating is required. The compressor will
run, but the reversing valve will be de-energized. Warm air
will be supplied to the conditioned space.
Check the operation of the indoor unit per Form 515.41-N2.
Check the entire system for refrigerant leaks.
Check for any abnormal noises and/or vibrations, and make
the necessary adjustments to correct (e.g. fan blade touching
shroud, refrigerant lines hitting on sheet metal, etc.)
After the unit has been operating for several minutes, shut
off the main power supply at the disconnect switch and inspect all factory wiring connections and bolted surfaces for
tightness.
1. Have sufficient clearances been provided?
2. Has all foreign matter been removed from the interior of the
unit (tools, construction or shipping materials, etc.)?
3. Have the outdoor fans been rotated manually to check for
free rotation?
4. Are all wiring connections tight?
5. Does the available power supply agree with the nameplate
data on the unit?
6. Have the fuses, disconnect switch and power wire been
sized properly?
7. Are all compressor hold-down nuts properly secured?
8. Are any refrigerant lines touching each other or any sheet
metal surface? Rubbing due to vibration could cause a refrigerant leak.
9. Are there any visible signs of a refrigerant leak, such as oil
residue?
10. Is any electrical wire laying against a hot refrigerant line?
Keep in mind that this unit has a reverse cycle and that different lines will be hot during the “HEAT” and “COOL” cycles. Only two lines will remain cool for all cycles - the line
between the compressor and the accumulator and the line
between the accumulator and the reversing valve.
SAFETY FEATURES
INITIAL START-UP
5. A fusible plug on the top of the suction line accumulator
serves as a high temperature/high pressure relief device.
1. Supply power to the unit through the disconnect switch
prior to starting the compressor.
2. Move the system switch on the room thermostat to the
“COOL” position, and lower its set point to energize both
the compressor and the reversing valve. Cool air will be
supplied to the conditioned space.
1. All outdoor fan motors have inherent protection with automatic reset.
2. Every compressor is internally protected against excessive
current and temperature by a line break motor protector that is
mounted inside the compressor housing and is connected
between each winding and the common terminal.
This motor protector will interrupt power to the compressor
if any of the following overload conditions occur:
a. primary single phasing
b. locked rotor
c. compressor overload
d. insufficient motor cooling
This type of motor protection works even with the contactor welded closed.
3. Every compressor is protected by crankcase heaters to
prevent refrigerant from accumulating in the crankcases of
the compressor during an “OFF” cycle.
4. Outdoor fan motors and the secondary of the control transformer are grounded.
CAUTION:
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE COMPRESSOR
WITHOUT AT LEAST 8 HOURS OF CRANKCASE HEAT OR
COMPRESSOR DAMAGE WILL OCCUR.
SECURE OWNER'S APPROVAL: When the system is functioning properly, secure the owner's approval. Show
him the location of all disconnect switches and the thermostat. Teach him how to start and stop the unit, how to adjust
temperature settings within the limitations of the system, how the defrost cycle is controlled and how the anti-cycle timer
operates.
MAINTENANCE
CLEANING
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Do not allow dirt to accumulateon the outdoor coil. Clean the coil
with a brush or vacuum cleaner as often as necessary to assure
good system performance and efficient operation. If the coil is
extremely dirty, it may be necessary to use an industrial grade
detergent and a hose to clean the fin surface.
Contact your local UPG Distribution Center for replacement
compressors, fan motors, controls, etc.
LUBRICATION
The outdoor fan motors are equipped with factory lubricated
and sealed ball bearings. They do not require any maintenance.
Unitary Products Group
NOTICE TO OWNER
If a lockout occurs, check the indoor filters and the outdoor coil
before calling a serviceman. If the filters are dirty, clean or replace them. If there is an accumulation of snow, leaves or debris
blocking the outdoor air coil, remove the blockage. Reset the
thermostat and wait 5 minutes. If the unit doesn't start, call a
serviceman.
15
Untiary Products Group
5005 York Drive, Norman, Oklahoma 73069
Subject to change without notice. Printed in U.S.A
Copyright © 2004 by York International Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
035-15410-002-B-0404
Supersedes: 035-15410-002-A-0304