PRICE: $25.00
INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS
TELECOM INVERTERS
OPERATING MANUAL
www.unipowertelecom.com
Manual No. INV-802-3
09/4/02 INV2500HS-5000HS-Man-Rev3
© 2002 UNIPOWER Corp.
All Rights Reserved
UNIPOWER Telecom, Division of UNIPOWER Corporation
NORTH AMERICA • 3900 Coral Ridge Drive, Coral Springs, Florida 33065, USA • Tel: +1 954-346-2442 • Fax: +1 954-340-7901 • sales@unipower-corp.com
EUROPE • Parkland Business Centre, Chartwell Road, Lancing BN15 8UE, ENGLAND • Tel: +44(0)1903 768200 • Fax: +44(0)1903 764540 • info@unipower-europe.com
CONTENTS
SECTION
TOPIC
PAGE
1.0
Introduction
1
2.0
Important Features
1
3.0
Product Line
3
4.0
Safety Warnings
3
5.0
Warranty
4
6.0
Unpacking and Inspection
4
7.0
Description of Operation
5
8.0
Front and Back Panel Descriptions
5
9.0
Electrical Specifications
7
10.0
Mechanical Dimensions of Shelves
8
11.0
Safety and Industry Standards
8
12.0
Operating Information
10
13.0
Parallel Operation
13
14.0
Installation and Testing
15
15.0
Inverter Application
17
16.0
Replacing An Inverter Module
18
17.0
Maintenance
19
18.0
Troubleshooting Guide
19
ILLUSTRATIONS
FIGURE
TITLE
PAGE
1
INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS Inverter Models
2
2
Front & Back of INV2500-HS Module
6
3
Front & Back of INV5000-HS System
6
4
Mechanical Dimensions of INV5000-HS & INVR2U-HS Shelves
9
5
INV2500-HS Inverter Output Waveforms
11
6
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS Overload Characteristic
12
7
Connections for ORing Form C Relay Outputs on INV5000-HS
12
8
Inverter Module Pin Connections
14
9
Two 115VAC INVR2U-HSs in Parallel Using AC Distribution Panel
16
10
Output Connections for Inverters
16
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
INV2500-HS AND INV5000-HS TELECOM INVERTERS
OPERATING MANUAL
1.0
2.0
INTRODUCTION
1.1
This Operating Manual should be read through carefully before installing and
operating the INV2500-HS inverter modules or INV5000-HS inverter
systems. See Figure 1.
1.2
The INV2500-HS is a 2500 volt-ampere hot-swap, telecom inverter module. It
converts a nominal 48VDC input into a 115VAC output at 50 or 60Hz. These
modules are designed to go into a 19-inch, hot-swap compatible shelf,
INVR2U-HS, which holds one or two units. When two units are used in this
shelf they are automatically connected in parallel and synchronized to produce 5000 volt-amperes at 115VAC output (44 amperes). Or they can be
operated in a 1+1 redundant mode at 2500 volt-amperes.
1.3
For 230VAC output at 50 or 60 Hz there are two other inverter models, designated INV5000-HS-230, which use two INV2500-HS units connected in
series in their shelf to give the higher voltage. See the product line designation in Section 3.0. The output is 230VAC at 22 amperes, or 5,000 voltamperes.
1.4
The 48VDC nominal input has a range of 42 to 56VDC. The inverters achieve
90% efficiency and 7VA per cubic inch power density. Input and output are
both circuit breaker protected. They have high surge capability for starting
loads such as motors, but the output breaker quickly trips if power attempts
to flow back into a faulted inverter.
1.5
These inverters can be paralleled for higher output power or for N+1 redundant applications. They are fully isolated from the battery. Front panel LEDs
indicate inverter status, and Form C relay alarm contacts are available on the
back. The units are self-cooled by internal fans.
IMPORTANT FEATURES
The following is a summary of the important features of the INV2500-HS and
INV5000-HS inverters:
u
u
Two Mounting Positions High: 3.5 Inches
2500VA Output for INV2500-HS
1
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
(a). INV2500-HS Inverter Module
(b). INV5000-HS Inverter System
Figure 1. INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS Inverter Models
2
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
3.0
5000VA Output for INV5000-HS
7VA per Cubic Inch Power Density
115VAC Output at 22 or 44 Amperes
230VAC Output at 22 Amperes
Low Distortion 50 or 60Hz Sine Wave
42 to 56VDC Input
Fully Isolated from Battery Input
90% Typical Efficiency
Up to 300% Surge Capability
Powers Reactive Loads
Circuit Breaker Input & Output Protection
N+1 Redundant Operation
19- or 23-Inch Rack Mounting
Overtemperature Protection
Form C Relay Alarm Contacts
LED Status Indicators
Rear Safety Cover on Shelves
PRODUCT LINE
Table 3-1 Telecom Hot-Swap Inverter Modules
MODEL
INPUT
OUTPUT
FREQ.
INV2500-HS-60
42-56VDC
115VAC@22A
60Hz
INV2500-HS-50
42-56VDC
115VAC@22A
50Hz
Table 3-2 Hot-Swap Inverter Shelf
MODEL
RACK SIZE
INVR2U-HS 19 or 23 Inches
HEIGHT
2RU (3.5 Inches)
CAPACITY
2 INV2500-HS
Table 3-3 230VAC Inverter Systems
MODEL
4.0
INPUT
OUTPUT
FREQ.
INV5000-HS-230-60 42-56VDC
230VAC@22A
60Hz
INV5000-HS-230-50 42-56VDC
230VAC@22A
50Hz
SAFETY WARNINGS
4.1
These telecom inverters have hazardous external and internal voltages. They
should be handled, tested and installed only by qualified technical persons
who are trained in the use of power systems and are well aware of the hazards involved.
4.2
The input and output terminals are at hazardous voltage potentials. Do not
touch these areas when power is applied.
3
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
5.0
4.3
When operating these inverters, the chassis ground terminal must be connected to safety ground to minimize electrical shock hazard and to ensure low
EMI (electromagnetic interference).
4.4
The internal voltages are at hazardous potentials. The inverter covers should
not be removed. There are no user-serviceable components in these units.
Removing the covers of the inverters will void the warranty.
WARRANTY
All products of UNIPOWER Telecom, a division of UNIPOWER Corporation, are warranted for
two (2) years from date of shipment against defects in material and workmanship. This warranty
does not extend to products which have been opened, altered or repaired by persons other than
persons authorized by the manufacturer or to products which become defective due to acts of
God, negligence or the failure of customer to fully follow instructions with respect to installation,
application or maintenance. This warranty is extended directly by the manufacturer to the buyer
and is the sole warranty applicable. EXCEPT FOR THE FOREGOING EXPRESS WARRANTY,
THE MANUFACTURER MAKES NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. As the sole and exclusive remedy under this warranty, the manufacturer, at its
option, may repair or replace the non-conforming product or issue credit, provided the
manufacturer’s inspection establishes the existence of a defect. To exercise this remedy, the
buyer must contact the manufacturer’s Customer Service Department to obtain a Return Material
Authorization number and shipping instructions. Products returned without prior authorization
will be returned to buyer. All products returned for repair must be shipped freight prepaid to
UNIPOWER. If the buyer fails to fully comply with the foregoing, the buyer agrees that no other
remedy (including, but not limited to, incidental or consequential damages for lost profits, lost
sales, injury to person or property or any other incidental or consequential losses) shall be
available to the buyer.
6.0
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
6.1
This INV2500-HS or INV5000-HS was carefully tested, inspected and packaged for shipment from our factory. Upon receipt of the unit, it should be
carefully unpacked and inspected for any damage in shipment.
6.2
If there is evidence of damage, do not attempt to test the unit. The freight
carrier should be notified immediately and a claim for the cost of the inverter
should be filed with the carrier for direct reimbursement. Be sure to include
the model and serial number of the damaged unit in all correspondence with
the freight carrier. Also save the shipping carton and packing material as
evidence of damage for the freight carrier’s inspection.
6.3
UNIPOWER Telecom will cooperate fully in case of any shipping damage
investigation.
4
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
6.4
7.0
8.0
Always save the packing materials for later use in shipping the unit. Never
ship the inverter without proper packing.
DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION
7.1
The INV2500-HS modules employ MOSFET and IGBT power semiconductor
switches with advanced, high-frequency, pulse modulation techniques to
produce a low-distortion, 50 or 60Hz sine wave output with 90% efficiency
and 7VA per cubic inch power density. A synchronization circuit lets two or
more inverter modules operate in parallel with their outputs in phase-synchronization and current shared.
7.2
The INV5000-HS-230 inverter system consists of two INV2500-HSs operated in series for a 230VAC output at 5,000 volt-amperes (22A). The series
connection of the units is made internally in the shelf. Each of the two inverter
modules has its own input and output breakers, indicator LEDs and Form C
relay contacts. The two inverter modules in the INV5000-HS are different in
that their outputs are 180o out of phase with each other.
7.3
Two INV2500-HS inverter modules in an INVR2U-HS shelf are connected in
parallel in the shelf and become an inverter system with a 115VAC output at
5,000 volt-amperes (44A).
7.4
For the purpose of this manual, the INV5000-HS-230 and two INV2500HS modules in an INVR2U-HS shelf are both 5,000 VA inverter systems
and will be referred to as an INV5000-HS where the generic meaning is
conveyed. While the two different shelves are identical in size and appearance, they differ in their internal module connection (series or parallel).
FRONT AND BACK PANEL DESCRIPTIONS
8.1
Figure 2 shows the front and back of an INV2500-HS inverter module. On
the left side of the front panel of the INV2500-HS is the input circuit breaker.
To the right are the two cooling fans and the output circuit breaker. Above the
output breaker from the top are the green LED indicators for Input OK, Sync
OK and Output OK.
8.2
On the INV2500-HS back panel on the right side is the hot-swap connector
which contains all power and signal connections.
8.3
Figure 3 shows the front and back of an INV5000-HS. Each front half (side A
5
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
ä
INV2500-HS FRONT VIEW
3.32
(84.3)
ä
8.50
(216)
ä
ä
INV2500-HS BACK VIEW
HOT-SWAP
CONNECTOR
ä
Figure 2. Front and Back of INV2500-HS Module
INV5000-HS FRONT VIEW
B SIDE
ä
A SIDE
3.46
(87.9)
AC OUTPUT
BREAKER
DC INPUT
BREAKER
ä
ä
ä
ä
ä
DC INPUT
BREAKER
AC OUTPUT
BREAKER
18.32
(465)
ä
INV5000-HS BACK VIEW
Figure 3. Front and Back of INV5000-HS System
6
ä
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
or side B) of this inverter is a INV2500-HS. The back panel has a transparent
plastic safety cover. The INVR2U-HS shelf with two INV2500-HS inverters in it
is identical in appearance and dimensions to the INV5000-HS, both front and
back. Both units have a front retention panel over the INV2500-HS modules.
8.4
9.0
On the INV5000-HS back panel to the left are the AC output screw terminals.
At the center is a terminal strip with the Form C relay contacts N.O., C and
N.C. for each side (A and B) of the inverter. To the right are the input bus bars
with no. 1/4-20 studs. At the lower far right is the no. 10-32 stud chassis
ground connection.
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications typical at 48V input, full load and 25°C unless otherwise noted. Asterisk (*) means
specification is same as center column.
2 INV2500-HS
INV5000-HS-230
IN INVR2U-HS
INV2500-HS
INPUT
Voltage Range ..................................................... * ................................ 42-56 VDC ................................ *
Input Current, Full Load, 48VDC .................. <60A DC .......................... <120ADC .......................... <120ADC
Input Current, No Load, 48VDC ..................... <1A DC ............................. <2ADC .............................. <2ADC
Input Protection .................................................... * ...................... 100A Circuit Breaker(s) ...................... *
EMI Filter, Conducted .......................................... * ..................... FCC2078 pt.15J Curve A .................... *
EN55022 Curve A
Voice Band Noise/ A-H Battery ................ <32dBrnC/240 .................. <32dBrnC/480 .................. <32dBrnC/480
OUTPUT
Voltage, Full Load .......................................... 115VAC ............................ 115VAC ............................ 230VAC
Voltage, No Load ........................................... 120VAC ............................ 120VAC ............................ 240VAC
Current, Max. ................................................ 22A RMS .......................... 44A RMS .......................... 22A RMS
Frequency, ± 0.1% ............................................... * ................................ 50 or 60Hz ................................ *
Total Harmonic Distortion .................................... * ..................................... <2% ..................................... *
Load Crest Factor ................................................ * ................................... 2.8 to 1 .................................. *
Output Protection ................................................. * ....................... 25A Circuit Breaker(s) ....................... *
Surge Capability .................................................. * ............................... Up to 300% ............................... *
Reactive Loads .................................................... * .................... +90° to - 90° Phase Angle ................... *
Efficiency ............................................................. * ..................................... 90% ..................................... *
SAFETY STANDARDS
......................... * ................... UL1950, CSA22.2 No.950, ................... *
EN60950
STATUS INDICATORS
Input OK ............................................................... * ................................ Green LED ............................... *
Sync OK ............................................................... * ................................ Green LED ............................... *
Output OK ............................................................ * ................................ Green LED ............................... *
Form C Relay Alarm Contacts ............................. * .......................... Inverter Fail Alarm .......................... *
7
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
ENVIRONMENTAL
Operating Temp. Range ...................................... * ............................... 0°C to 70°C ............................... *
Output Current Derating ...................................... * ...................... 2.5%/°C, 50°C to 70°C ...................... *
Storage Temp. Range ......................................... * ............................ -40°C to +85°C ............................ *
Humidity ............................................................... * ................. 0% to 95%, Non-Condensing ................. *
Cooling ................................................................ * .............................. Internal Fans .............................. *
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Case Material ...................................................... * ................................ Aluminum ................................ *
Finish, Front Panel & Shelf .................................. * .......................... Powder Coat Gray .......................... *
Dimensions, Inches (mm)
INV2500-HS ............................... 3.32 H x 8.50 W x 12.00 D
(84.3 x 216 x 305)
INVR2U-HS Shelf ................................................................. 3.46 H x 18.32 W x 16.38 D
(87.9 x 465 x 416)
INV5000-HS-230 ..................................................................................................... 3.46 H x 18.32 W x 16.38 D
..............................................................................
(87.9 x 465 x 416)
Rack Mounting Width ...................................... * ............................ 19 or 23 Inches ............................ *
10.0
MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS OF SHELVES
Figure 4 shows the mechanical dimensions for the INVR2U-HS and INV5000-HS
shelves. The shelves are identical at 16.38 inches (416mm) deep; with the rear
plastic cover they are 18.00 inches (457mm) deep.
11.0
SAFETY AND INDUSTRY STANDARDS
11.1
The INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS inverters meet the following safety
certifications:
STANDARD
AGENCY
UL1950
CSA22.2 No.950
EN60950
UL
CUL
DEMKO
11.2
The INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS inverters are CE marked to indicate
conformance to the European Union’s Low Voltage Directive.
11.3
Input conducted EMI meets FCC20780 part 15J Curve A and EN55022
Curve A.
11.4
Input voice band noise is less than 32dBrnC for a single INV2500-HS with a
240 ampere-hour battery or an INV5000-HS or two INV2500-HSs with a 480
ampere-hour battery.
8
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
ä
17.38
(441)
3.46
(87.9)
ä
18.32
(465)
ä
ä
Figure 4. Mechanical Dimensions of INV5000-HS & INVR2U-HS Shelves
9
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
12.0
OPERATING INFORMATION
12.1
Input Voltage. These telecom inverters operate off a nominal 48VDC input
source which may be a battery or other DC source. The input voltage range is
42 to 56VDC. Input connections on the back of the INV5000-HS and
INVR2U-HS are to bus bars with no. 1/4-20 studs.
12.2
Output Voltage. The output voltage for an INV2500-HS is 115VAC at full
load, 120VAC at no load; for an INV5000-HS-230 it is 230VAC at full load,
240VAC at no load. See Figure 5(a). Frequency is 50 or 60Hz, ±0.1%. The
output voltage has total harmonic distortion of less than 2.0%. The load
current crest factor is 2.8 to 1, and surge capability is up to 300%. The output
will drive reactive loads with up to ±90o phase angle. The output connectors
are screw terminals on the back of the INV5000-HS or INVR2U-HS.
12.3
Output Power. Maximum output power for an INV2500-HS is 115VAC at
22A RMS giving a maximum of 2530 volt-amperes. For an INV5000-HS it is
230VAC at 22A RMS, giving a maximum of 5060 volt-amperes. Exceeding
these values may cause electronic shutdown of the output. Full output power
is produced at up to 50oC ambient temperature. Above this, output current
must be derated at 2.5%/oC. Maximum operating temperature is 70oC, at
which the output current must be derated by 50%.
12.4
Overload Characteristic. These inverters incorporate electronic shutdown
circuitry; shutdown takes place during an overload, before the output circuit
breaker trips. Figure 5 shows INV2500-HS output voltage and current waveforms for a full load step, sudden overload, and short circuit. Figure 6 shows
shutdown time versus output current for both the INV2500-HS and INV5000HS. Below is a table that shows the same data in a different format:
Table 12-1. Typical Load Current vs. Shutdown Time
PERCENT OF
RATED LOAD
114-173%
173-223%
223-318%
SHUTDOWN
TIME
10 sec.
1 sec.
0.25 sec.
As the table shows, the INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS are capable of handling large output surge currents, specifically more than three times rated
output current for 1/4 second, more than twice rated output current for 1
second and more than 1.5 times rated output current for 10 seconds. If the
surge exceeds approximately 318% of rated output current or exceeds the
10
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
1
2
(a) Full Load Step. Vo (top) & Io (bot@20A/cm).
1
2
(b)Sudden Overload Applied. Vo (top) & Io (bot @ 50A/cm).
1
2
(c) Short Circuit Applied. Vo (top) & Io (bot @50A/cm).
Figure 5. INV2500-HS Inverter Output Waveforms
11
Shutdown Time, Sec.
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
0
0
10
20
20
40
30
60
40
80
50
100
60
120
70
140
80
160
INV2500-HS or 230VAC INV5000-HS
2- INV2500-HS IN INVR2U-HS
Output RMS Amperes
Figure 6. INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS Overload Characteristic.
(a) Normally Open
(b) Normally Closed
Figure 7. Connections for ORing Form C Relay Outputs
12
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
shutdown times shown in the table, the output will be shut down and must be
reset by turning both input and output circuit breakers off. After this, the
input breaker(s) should be turned back on (up position); after the Output OK
LED(s) come on the output breaker(s) should be turned back on (up position).
13.0
12.5
Grounding. The DC input ground, AC output ground, AC neutral and
chassis ground are all in common. The chassis ground should be connected
to system ground.
12.6
Status Indicators. Three green LEDs indicate the operating status of each
INV2500-HS inverter module. They are (from top to bottom): Input OK, Sync
OK and Output OK.
12.7
Form C Relay Contacts. These contacts have normally open (N.O.) and
normally closed (N.C.) positions for normal operation of each inverter. See
Figure 3 for connections. Note that there is a separate set of contacts for
each half (A and B sides) of the inverter. If it is desired to monitor the inverter
as a whole, the two sets of contacts may be connected as shown in Figure 7
to give an OR function for either set of contacts.
12.8
Sync Connections. There are +Sync and -Sync terminals on the terminal
block. When two or more inverters are connected in parallel these Sync
terminals must be connected together, observing the polarities.
12.9
Inverter Module Connections. If the INV2500-HS inverter module is operated or tested separately from the shelf, connections should be made to the
J1 connector with a mating connector and the pin connections given in Figure
8.
PARALLEL OPERATION
13.1
The INV2500-HS and INV5000-HS Series inverters are designed to operate
in parallel for higher output current. For the INV2500-HS, the units are automatically connected in parallel in the INVR2U-HS shelf. The INV5000-HS
230VAC units have two INV2500-HS inverters connected in series in the
shelf. Two or more INV5000-HS-230 inverters may be connected in parallel
for additional output power or for N+1 redundant operation. This is done by
connecting all inputs in parallel and all outputs in parallel (line, neutral, line),
although the DC inputs could come from two separate sources. In addition,
the sync terminals must be connected together, +Sync to + Sync and -Sync
to -Sync. The Sync terminals are used only for parallel connection of two or
13
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
J1
J1 Connector:
Positronics GFSH01M182
3
2
1
6
5
4
9
8
7
11 10
12
15 14
17 16
19 18
21 20
13
24
27
30
33
23
Mating Connector:
Positronics GFSH01F10
Contacts No. FC112N2 for
Pins 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 25-28 and 30-33.
Conacts No. FC720N2 for
Pins 14-18.
22
26
29
25
28
32
31
J1 Connections
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
FUNCTION
AC Line
NC
AC Line
NC
AC Neutral
NC
AC Ground
AC Neutral
NC
NC
NC
PIN
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
FUNCTION
NC
NC
+Sync
-Sync
Form C: NC
Form C: C
Form C: NO
NC
NC
NC
NC
PIN
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
FUNCTION
NC
NC
+DC In
-DC In
-DC In
+DC In
NC
-DC In
+DC In
+DC In
-DC In
NC = No Connection
Figure 8. Inverter Module Pin Connections
14
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
more inverters. Current sharing between paralleled inverters is ±10%.
13.2
Alternatively, separate sources may be used for the inputs to these inverters
while the outputs are connected in parallel. In either case, output loads
should have individual distribution circuit breakers. The following table shows
output current and total volt-amperes for inverters connected in parallel. As
mentioned earlier, INV5000-HS refers to both the 230VAC INV5000-HS-230
and two INV2500-HS inverters in an INVR2U-HS shelf producing 115VAC.
Table 13-1.
14.0
Output For Paralleled Inverters
NO.OF INV2500-HS
INVERTERS
KVA
RATING
OUTPUT
AMPS
NO.OF INV5000-HS
INVERTERS
KVA
RATING
115VAC
AMPS
230VAC
AMPS
1
2
3
4
2.5
5.0
7.5
10.0
22
44
66
88
1
2
3
4
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
44
88
132
176
22
44
66
88
13.3
Four INV2500-HS inverters in two INVR2U-HS shelves connected in parallel
could be used to produce 10 kilovolt-amperes of 115VAC or could also be
used as a 3+1 redundant inverter providing 7.5 kilovolt-amperes of 115VAC to
a load.
13.4
Figure 9 shows four INV2500-HS inverter modules in two INVR2U-HS
shelves connected in parallel to give 10KVA of AC output at 115VAC. The AC
output is distributed by a DPAC1UT AC Distribution Panel made by UNIPOWER Telecom. Note that only 115VAC inverters can be used with the
DPAC1UT distribution panel and not the 230VAC INV5000-HS-230. 230VAC
INV5000-HSs require breakers on both line sides, and this is not available
with the DPAC1UT. Note also that only the “T” (Terminal Strip) Option of the
DPAC1U can be used with these inverters and that, as shown in Figure 9,
the A side AC input terminals must be strapped in parallel, i.e., A1G to A2G,
A1N to A2N and A1L to A2L; in the same way, the B side AC input terminals
must also be strapped in parallel.
INSTALLATION AND TESTING
14.1
The inverter or inverters should be initially tested in their shelves. For 23-inch
rack mounting use panel extenders.
14.2
Put all input and output circuit breakers in the off (down) position. See Figure
3. Remove the rear plastic safety cover.
14.3
Connect the input battery to the -48VDC and 48VDC Return input bus bars
15
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
AC OUTPUTS
Figure 9. Two 115VAC INVR2U-HSs in Parallel Using AC Distribution Panel
INVR2U-HS
INV5000-HS-230
Figure 10. Output Connections for Inverters
16
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
by means of the 1/4-20 studs. Connect the input ground (10-32 stud) to the
system ground. Make sure the correct polarity is used and make sure the
connections are clean and firm. Reversed input polarity could cause damage
to the inverter.
15.0
14.4
Connect the AC output cable to the proper output screw terminals. See
Figure 10 for the correct connection for 115 or 230VAC output versions.
Connect a load of approximately 10 amperes across the output of the inverter.
14.5
To power up the inverter, turn the A side (left) DC input circuit breaker on by
moving the toggle to the up position. The A side fans and input OK and Sync
OK LEDs should come on followed by the Output OK LED approximately four
seconds later. After the Output OK LED is on, turn on the A side AC output
breaker by placing the toggle in the up position. Next, turn the B side (right)
DC input breaker on. The B side fans and Input OK and Sync OK LEDs
should come on followed by the Output OK LED approximately four seconds
later. After the Output OK LED is on, turn on the B side AC output breaker.
Check the AC voltage across the load with a digital AC voltmeter. The voltage
should be between 115 and 120VAC or between 230 and 240VAC, depending on the model.
14.6
Check the Form C Relay contacts with an ohmmeter. See Figure 3. Measure
the resistance between the N.O. contacts and C contacts. They should
indicate an open. Measure the resistance between the N.C. contacts and the
C contacts. They should indicate a short.
14.7
Turn off the AC output circuit breakers first, followed by the DC input breakers, by placing the toggles in the down position. Test each inverter in the
manner described above.
INVERTER APPLICATION
15.1
In the actual application of the inverter, follow the procedure in sections 14.2
through 14.6, except the inverter should be connected to its actual load. The
loads connected to the output of the inverter should always have their own
individual circuit breakers. Make connections to the Form C relay contacts as
required. Then re-install the rear plastic safety cover.
15.2
For two or more inverters in parallel, make the input and output connections
to the inverters as described in Section 13.0. See Figure 9. Put all output
distribution circuit breakers in the off position. Connect the sync terminals
together observing proper polarity.
17
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
16.0
15.3
Take one of the inverter modules and turn the DC input circuit breaker on;
then after the Output OK LED has come on turn the AC output circuit breaker
on. This sequence must be performed for the inverter A side and then the B
side. Repeat this for each paralleled inverter in turn until all inverters are on.
Make sure that the three green LEDs are on for each inverter.
15.4
With all inverters on, turn on each AC output distribution circuit breaker. The
inverters will automatically share output currents to an accuracy of ± 10%.
REPLACING AN INVERTER MODULE
16.1
The following instructions are for replacing an INV2500-HS inverter module
in an INVR2U-HS shelf.
16.2
The inverter module may be field replaced only in an INVR2U-HS shelf, i.e.,
when it is parallel connected for 115VAC output. For the INV5000-HS-230
inverters, the replacement must be done at the factory due to the complexity
of the series connection of the inverter modules.
16.3
When the INV2500-HS inverters are operated in a N+1 redundant mode, only
the inverter module being replaced needs to be turned off as described in the
following paragraphs. In this case it is true hot-swap replacement. If the
115VAC INVR2U-HS is operated with two modules at its full 5,000 voltampere load, then both modules should be shut down in the manner described in paragraph 16.4. When starting up after replacement, both inverter
modules must be turned on as described in paragraph 16.5.
16.4
Perform the following steps on the inverter module to be removed:
16.5
16.4.1
Turn off the AC output breaker (down position).
16.4.2
Turn off the DC input breaker (down position).
16.4.3
Remove the front retention panel by removing the four Phillips
screws.
16.4.4
Remove the inverter module from its shelf.
To put a new inverter module in place, perform the following steps:
16.5.1
Make sure the input and output breakers of the new inverter
module are in the off (down) position.
16.5.2
Install the replacement inverter module in the shelf.
18
INV2500-HS & INV5000-HS SERIES
OPERATING MANUAL
17.0
16.5.3
Replace the front rention panel by replacing the four Phillips
screws.
16.5.4
Turn on the DC input breaker (up position).
16.5.5
After the Output OK LED comes on, turn on the AC output
breaker (up position).
16.5.6
All green LEDs on the inverter modules should now be on,
indicating normal operation.
MAINTENANCE
No routine maintenance is required on the INV2500-HS or INV5000-HS Series
inverters except for a periodic cleaning of dust and dirt around the front fans and
rear ventilation holes. A small vacuum nozzle should be used for this.
18.0
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
18.1
If you encounter difficulty in getting the inverter(s) to operate, go through the
following troubleshooting guide.
18.2
Table 18-1. Inverter Troubleshooting Guide
SYMPTOM
POSSIBLE CAUSES
ACTION TO TAKE
Input OK LED does
not come on.
Bad connection to input
battery; input breaker not
on.
Check the connection to battery; check
battery voltage; check that input breaker is on.
Sync OK LED does
not come on for
Bad connection to sync
terminals.
Check that sync connection has been made
to all paralleled inverters with proper polarity.
No AC output;
Output OK LED
does not come on.
Bad output connection;
output breaker not on.
Check output connection to load; check that
output breaker is on; check that AC
distribution breakers are on.
No AC output.
Output OK LED
is off.
Short circuit or overload
on output.
Remove short circuit or overload. Turn off
input and output circuit breakers. Turn
input circuit breaker back on, wait for the
Output OK LED to come on, then turn the
output circuit breaker on.
No output. Both
circuit breakers on.
Input and Output OK
LEDs off.
Input battery voltage is
below range.
Check battery voltage. Recharge battery or
install new battery. Turn the inverter back on.
18.3
If none of the above actions solves the problem, call UNIPOWER Telecom at
954-346-2442 Ext. 400 for help.
19