Miller Electric DVI-2 R Owner`s manual

OM-232 386C
2008−01
Processes
MIG (GMAW) Welding
Flux Cored (FCAW) Welding
Description
Arc Welding Power Source
and Wire Feeder
R
Millermatic DVI-2
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
File: MIG (GMAW)
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Warranty and service information for your
System Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual specification sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 4/05
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1. Symboles utilisés . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance . . . . . .
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6. Information EMF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1. Symbols And Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Duty Cycle And Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Volt-Ampere Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Connecting To Weld Output Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5. Installing Work Cable And Clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Setting Gun Polarity For Wire Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7. Installing Gas Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8. Installing MIG Wire Spool and Adjusting Hub Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9. Connecting 1-Phase Input Power For 230 VAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10. Electrical Service Guide For 230 VAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11. Extension Cord Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12. Selecting A Location And Connecting Input Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-13. Threading Welding Wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14. Installing Optional Gas Valve, Receptacle, And Barbed Fitting For Optional Spool Gun . . . . . . . . . . .
4-15. Connecting An Optional Spool Gun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 5 − OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Weld Parameter Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE &TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Unit Overload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3. Changing Drive Roll and Wire Inlet Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4. Aligning Drive Rolls and Wire Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 8 − MIG WELDING (GMAW) GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1. Typical MIG Process Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-2. Typical MIG Process Control Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-3. Holding And Positioning Welding Gun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-4. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5. Gun Movement During Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6. Poor Weld Bead Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-7. Good Weld Bead Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8. Troubleshooting − Excessive Spatter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-9. Troubleshooting − Porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-10. Troubleshooting − Excessive Penetration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-11. Troubleshooting − Lack Of Penetration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-12. Troubleshooting − Incomplete Fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-13. Troubleshooting − Burn-Through . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-14. Troubleshooting − Waviness Of Bead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-15. Troubleshooting − Distortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-16. Common MIG Shielding Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-17. Troubleshooting Guide For Semiautomatic Welding Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 9 − PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WARRANTY
32
32
33
34
35
36
36
36
37
37
37
38
38
38
39
39
40
40
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SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
som _2007−04
7
Protect yourself and others from injury — read and follow these precautions.
1-1. Symbol Usage
DANGER! − Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. The
possible hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols
or explained in the text.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury. The possible
hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols or explained in the text.
NOTICE − Indicates statements not related to personal injury.
. Indicates special instructions.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! ELECTRIC
SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards. Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions to avoid the
hazards.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual
to call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you
see the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions
to avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is
only a summary of the more complete safety information
found in the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and
follow all Safety Standards.
Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
D Always verify the supply ground − check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
D When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first − double-check connections.
D Keep cords dry, free of oil and grease, and protected from hot metal
and sparks.
D Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring −
replace cord immediately if damaged − bare wiring can kill.
D Turn off all equipment when not in use.
During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
D Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
D Do not drape cables over your body.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
D If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts touching the
welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
D Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
D Do not touch live electrical parts.
D Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
D Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
D Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
D Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
D If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
D Additional safety precautions are required when any of the following electrically hazardous conditions are present: in damp
locations or while wearing wet clothing; on metal structures such
as floors, gratings, or scaffolds; when in cramped positions such
as sitting, kneeling, or lying; or when there is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental contact with the workpiece or ground. For these
conditions, use the following equipment in order presented: 1) a
semiautomatic DC constant voltage (wire) welder, 2) a DC manual
(stick) welder, or 3) an AC welder with reduced open-circuit voltage. In most situations, use of a DC, constant voltage wire welder
is recommended. And, do not work alone!
D Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
D Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
D Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
D Do not touch electrode holders connected to two welding machines at the same time since double open-circuit voltage will be
present.
D Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
D Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
D Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
D Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
D Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists in inverter-type
welding power sources after removal of input
power.
D Turn Off inverter, disconnect input power, and discharge input
capacitors according to instructions in Maintenance Section
before touching any parts.
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
D Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
D Allow cooling period before working on gun or
torch.
D To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or
wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and
clothing to prevent burns.
OM-232 386 Page 1
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
D Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
D If inside, ventilate the area and/or use local forced ventilation at the
arc to remove welding fumes and gases.
D If ventilation is poor, wear an approved air-supplied respirator.
D Read and understand the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables,
coatings, cleaners, and degreasers.
D Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
D Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
D Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and while wearing an air-supplied
respirator. The coatings and any metals containing these elements
can give off toxic fumes if welded.
D Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
D Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
D Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
D Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
D After completion of work, inspect area to ensure it is free of sparks,
glowing embers, and flames.
D Use only correct fuses or circuit breakers. Do not oversize or bypass them.
D Follow requirements in OSHA 1910.252 (a) (2) (iv) and NFPA 51B
for hot work and have a fire watcher and extinguisher nearby.
FLYING METAL or DIRT can injure eyes.
D Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side
shields even under your welding helmet.
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
D Shut off shielding gas supply when not in use.
D Always ventilate confined spaces or use
approved air-supplied respirator.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the
weld.
D Wear an approved welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter lenses to protect your face and eyes when welding or watching
(see ANSI Z49.1 and Z87.1 listed in Safety Standards).
D Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
MAGNETIC FIELDS can affect Implanted
Medical Devices.
D Wearers of Pacemakers and other Implanted
Medical Devices should keep away.
D Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor
and the device manufacturer before going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating
operations.
D Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash,
glare and sparks; warn others not to watch the arc.
NOISE can damage hearing.
D Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant material (leather, heavy cotton, or wool) and foot protection.
Noise from some processes or equipment can
damage hearing.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks,
drums, or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks
can fly off from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode to metal objects can cause
sparks, explosion, overheating, or fire. Check and be sure the area is
safe before doing any welding.
D Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
D Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
D Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
D Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
D Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
D Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
D Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes,
unless they are properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 (see
Safety Standards).
D Do not weld where the atmosphere may contain flammable dust,
gas, or liquid vapors (such as gasoline).
D Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock, sparks, and fire
hazards.
OM-232 386 Page 2
D Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
D Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, physical damage, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
D Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
D Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
D Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
D Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
D Never weld on a pressurized cylinder − explosion will result.
D Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
D Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
D Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
D Use the right equipment, correct procedures, and sufficient number of persons to lift and move cylinders.
D Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
D Do not install or place unit on, over, or near
combustible surfaces.
D Do not install unit near flammables.
D Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
FALLING UNIT can cause injury.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Keep away from moving parts such as fans.
D Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
D Have only qualified persons remove doors, panels, covers, or
guards for maintenance as necessary.
D Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards when maintenance is
finished and before reconnecting input power.
D Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, or any other accessories.
D Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
D If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are
long enough to extend beyond opposite side of
unit.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
D Read Owner’s Manual before using or servicing unit.
D Use only genuine replacement parts from the
manufacturer.
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
D Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
D Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
D Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
FLYING SPARKS can cause injury.
D Wear a face shield to protect eyes and face.
D Shape tungsten electrode only on grinder with
proper guards in a safe location wearing proper
face, hand, and body protection.
D Sparks can cause fires — keep flammables away.
D
D
D
D
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
D Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
D Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Keep away from moving parts.
D Keep away from pinch points such as drive
rolls.
WELDING WIRE can cause injury.
D Do not press gun trigger until instructed to do
so.
D Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other people, or any metal when threading
welding wire.
D High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
D Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
D
D
D
D
D Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
D Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
OM-232 386 Page 3
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings
For Gasoline Engines:
Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases
which contain chemicals known to the State of California to
cause birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California
Health & Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
Engine exhaust contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
For Diesel Engines:
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive harm.
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, American Welding Society Standard
AWS F4.1, from Global Engineering Documents (phone:
1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (phone:
617-770-3000, website: www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 4221 Walney Road, 5th Floor,
Chantilly, VA 20151 (phone: 703-788-2700, website:www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060 Mississauga,
Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone: 800-463-6727 or in Toronto
416-747-4044, website: www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036–8002 (phone:
212-642-4900, website: www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (phone: 617-770-3000, website: www.nfpa.org.
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(phone: 1-866-512-1800) (there are 10 Regional Offices—phone for
Region 5, Chicago, is 312-353-2220, website: www.osha.gov).
1-6. EMF Information
Considerations About Welding And The Effects Of Low Frequency
Electric And Magnetic Fields
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them, or using a
cable cover.
Welding current, as it flows through welding cables, will cause electromagnetic fields. There has been and still is some concern about such
fields. However, after examining more than 500 studies spanning 17
years of research, a special blue ribbon committee of the National
Research Council concluded that: “The body of evidence, in the
committee’s judgment, has not demonstrated that exposure to powerfrequency electric and magnetic fields is a human-health hazard.”
However, studies are still going forth and evidence continues to be
examined. Until the final conclusions of the research are reached, you
may wish to minimize your exposure to electromagnetic fields when
welding or cutting.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
OM-232 386 Page 4
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from operator as practical.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as possible.
About Implanted Medical Devices:
Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor and the
device manufacturer before performing or going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating operations.
If cleared by your doctor, then following the above procedures is recommended.
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION
fre_som_2007−04
7
Se protéger et protéger les autres contre le risque de blessure — lire et respecter ces consignes.
2-1. Symboles utilisés
DANGER! − Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on
l’évite pas peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves.
Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles
joints ou sont expliqués dans le texte.
Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on l’évite pas
peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves. Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles joints ou
sont expliqués dans le texte.
NOTE − Indique des déclarations pas en relation avec des blessures
personnelles.
. Indique des instructions spécifiques.
Ce groupe de symboles veut dire Avertissement! Attention! DANGER
DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE, PIECES EN MOUVEMENT, et PIECES
CHAUDES. Consulter les symboles et les instructions ci-dessous y
afférant pour les actions nécessaires afin d’éviter le danger.
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Les symboles représentés ci-dessous sont utilisés dans ce manuel pour attirer l’attention et identifier les dangers possibles. En
présence de l’un de ces symboles, prendre garde et suivre les
instructions afférentes pour éviter tout risque. Les instructions
en matière de sécurité indiquées ci-dessous ne constituent
qu’un sommaire des instructions de sécurité plus complètes
fournies dans les normes de sécurité énumérées dans la Section 2-5. Lire et observer toutes les normes de sécurité.
Seul un personnel qualifié est autorisé à installer, faire fonctionner, entretenir et réparer cet appareil.
D
D
D
Pendant le fonctionnement, maintenir à distance toutes les
personnes, notamment les enfants de l’appareil.
UNE DÉCHARGE ÉLECTRIQUE peut
entraîner la mort.
Le contact d’organes électriques sous tension peut
provoquer des accidents mortels ou des brûlures
graves. Le circuit de l’électrode et de la pièce est
sous tension lorsque le courant est délivré à la
sortie. Le circuit d’alimentation et les circuits internes de la machine
sont également sous tension lorsque l’alimentation est sur Marche.
Dans le mode de soudage avec du fil, le fil, le dérouleur, le bloc de
commande du rouleau et toutes les parties métalliques en contact
avec le fil sont sous tension électrique. Un équipement installé ou mis
à la terre de manière incorrecte ou impropre constitue un danger.
D
D
(à fil), 2) un poste à souder DC manuel (électrode) ou 3) un poste à
souder AC à tension à vide réduite. Dans la plupart des situations,
l’utilisation d’un poste à souder DC à fil à tension constante est recommandée. En outre, ne pas travailler seul !
Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder à l’installation, à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil. Déverrouiller
l’alimentation selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (voir normes de sécurité).
Installer le poste correctement et le mettre à la terre convenablement selon les consignes du manuel de l’opérateur et les normes
nationales, provinciales et locales.
Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation. Vérifier et
s’assurer que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien
raccordé à la borne de terre du sectionneur ou que la fiche du
cordon est raccordée à une prise correctement mise à la terre.
En effectuant les raccordements d’entrée, fixer d’abord le conducteur de mise à la terre approprié et contre-vérifier les connexions.
Les câbles doivent être exempts d’humidité, d’huile et de graisse;
protégez−les contre les étincelles et les pièces métalliques
chaudes.
D Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation afin de s’assurer
qu’il n’est pas altéré ou à nu, le remplacer immédiatement s’il l’est.
Un fil à nu peut entraîner la mort.
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces électriques sous tension.
D L’équipement doit être hors tension lorsqu’il n’est pas utilisé.
D Ne pas utiliser des câbles usés, endommagés, de grosseur insuffisante ou mal épissés.
D Ne pas enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
D Porter des gants isolants et des vêtements de protection secs et
sans trous.
D Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement
avec un câble distinct.
D S’isoler de la pièce à couper et du sol en utilisant des housses ou
des tapis assez grands afin d’éviter tout contact physique avec la
pièce à couper ou le sol.
D Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce,
la terre ou une électrode provenant d’une autre machine.
D Ne pas se servir de source électrique à courant électrique dans les
zones humides, dans les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de
tomber.
D Se servir d’une source électrique à courant électrique UNIQUEMENT si le procédé de soudage le demande.
D Si l’utilisation d’une source électrique à courant électrique s’avère
nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil
en est équipé.
D D’autres consignes de sécurité sont nécessaires dans les conditions suivantes : risques électriques dans un environnement
humide ou si l’on porte des vêtements mouillés ; sur des structures
métalliques telles que sols, grilles ou échafaudages ; en position
coincée comme assise, à genoux ou couchée ; ou s’il y a un risque
élevé de contact inévitable ou accidentel avec la pièce à souder ou
le sol. Dans ces conditions, utiliser les équipements suivants,
dans l’ordre indiqué : 1) un poste à souder DC à tension constante
D Ne pas toucher des porte électrodes connectés à deux machines
en même temps à cause de la présence d’une tension à vide doublée.
D N’utiliser qu’un matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer sur-lechamp les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil
conformément à ce manuel.
D Porter un harnais de sécurité si l’on doit travailler au-dessus du sol.
D S’assurer que tous les panneaux et couvercles sont correctement
en place.
D Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métalmétal avec la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près
possible de la soudure.
D Isoler la pince de masse quand pas mis à la pièce pour éviter le
contact avec tout objet métallique.
D Ne pas raccorder plus d’une électrode ou plus d’un câble de
masse à une même borne de sortie de soudage.
OM-232 386 Page 5
Il reste une TENSION DC NON NÉGLIGEABLE dans
les sources de soudage onduleur quand on a
coupé l’alimentation.
D Arrêter les convertisseurs, débrancher le courant électrique et
décharger les condensateurs d’alimentation selon les instructions
indiquées dans la partie Entretien avant de toucher les pièces.
DES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures graves.
D Ne pas toucher à mains nues les parties
chaudes.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant de
travailler à l’équipement.
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et des vêtements épais pour
éviter les brûlures.
LE SOUDAGE peut provoquer un incendie ou une explosion.
Le soudage effectué sur des conteneurs fermés tels
que des réservoirs, tambours ou des conduites peu
provoquer leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuven
être projetées de l’arc de soudure. La projection d’étincelles, des pièces
chaudes et des équipements chauds peut provoquer des incendies e
des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de l’électrode avec des objets
métalliques peut provoquer des étincelles, une explosion, un surchauffement ou un incendie. Avant de commencer le soudage, vérifier e
s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de danger.
D Déplacer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de
10,7 m de l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité les recouvrir
soigneusement avec des protections homologués.
D Ne pas souder dans un endroit là où des étincelles peuvent tomber
sur des substances inflammables.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent être
dangereux.
D Se protéger et d’autres personnes de la projection d’étincelles et
de métal chaud.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz. Leur
inhalation peut être dangereux pour votre santé.
D Des étincelles et des matériaux chauds du soudage peuvent
facilement passer dans d’autres zones en traversant de petites
fissures et des ouvertures.
D Eloigner votre tête des fumées. Ne pas respirer les fumées.
D Surveiller tout déclenchement d’incendie et tenir un extincteur à
proximité.
D À l’intérieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser une ventilation forcée au
niveau de l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de soudage.
D Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, plancher, paroi ou séparation
peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
D Si la ventilation est médiocre, porter un respirateur anti-vapeurs
approuvé.
D Ne pas effectuer le soudage sur des conteneurs fermés tels que
des réservoirs, tambours, ou conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été
préparés correctement conformément à AWS F4.1 (voir les normes de sécurité).
D Lire et comprendre les spécifications de sécurité des matériaux
(MSDS) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les
consommables, les revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
D Ne soudez pas si l’air ambiant est chargé de particules, gaz, ou vapeurs inflammables (vapeur d’essence, par exemple).
D Travailler dans un espace fermé seulement s’il est bien ventilé ou
en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Demander toujours à
un surveillant dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et
des gaz de soudage peuvent déplacer l’air et abaisser le niveau
d’oxygène provoquant des blessures ou des accidents mortels.
S’assurer que l’air de respiration ne présente aucun danger.
D Brancher le câble de masse sur la pièce le plus près possible de la
zone de soudage pour éviter le transport du courant sur une
longue distance par des chemins inconnus éventuels en provoquant des risques d’électrocution, d’étincelles et d’incendie.
D Ne pas souder dans des endroits situés à proximité d’opérations
de dégraissage, de nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et
les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir en présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques et irritants.
D En cas de non utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porteélectrode ou couper le fil à la pointe de contact.
D Ne pas souder des métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que l’acier
galvanisé, plaqué en plomb ou au cadmium à moins que le revêtement n’ait été enlevé dans la zone de soudure, que l’endroit soit
bien ventilé, et en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Les
revêtements et tous les métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent
dégager des fumées toxiques en cas de soudage.
D Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
D Porter des vêtements de protection dépourvus d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une chemise en matériau lourd, des pantalons sans
revers, des chaussures hautes et un couvre chef.
D Avant de souder, retirer toute substance combustible de vos poches telles qu’un allumeur au butane ou des allumettes.
D Une fois le travail achevé, assurez−vous qu’il ne reste aucune
trace d’étincelles incandescentes ni de flammes.
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC peuvent provoquer des brûlures dans les yeux et
sur la peau.
D Utiliser exclusivement des fusibles ou coupe−circuits appropriés.
Ne pas augmenter leur puissance; ne pas les ponter.
Le rayonnement de l’arc du procédé de soudage
génère des rayons visibles et invisibles intenses
(ultraviolets et infrarouges) susceptibles de provoquer des brûlures
dans les yeux et sur la peau. Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le
soudage.
D Utiliser exclusivement des fusibles ou coupe−circuits appropriés.
Ne pas augmenter leur puissance; ne pas les ponter.
D Porter un casque de soudage approuvé muni de verres filtrants
approprié pour protéger visage et yeux pendant le soudage
(voir ANSI Z49.1 et Z87.1 énuméré dans les normes de sécurité).
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux même sous
votre casque.
D Avoir recours à des écrans protecteurs ou à des rideaux pour
protéger les autres contre les rayonnements les éblouissements
et les étincelles ; prévenir toute personne sur les lieux de ne pas
regarder l’arc.
D Porter des vêtements confectionnés avec des matières résistantes et ignifuges (cuir, coton lourd ou laine) et des bottes de
protection.
OM-232 386 Page 6
D Une fois le travail achevé, assurez−vous qu’il ne reste aucune
trace d’étincelles incandescentes ni de flammes.
D Suivre les recommandations dans OSHA 1910.252(a)(2)(iv) et
NFPA 51B pour les travaux à chaud et avoir de la surveillance et un
extincteur à proximité.
DES PIECES DE METAL ou DES SALETES peuvent provoquer des blessures dans les yeux.
D Le soudage, l’écaillement, le passage de la pièce à la brosse en
fil de fer, et le meulage génèrent des étincelles et des particules
métalliques volantes. Pendant la période de refroidissement des
soudures, elles risquent de projeter du laitier.
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux ou un écran
facial.
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ
risquent de provoquer des blessures
ou même la mort.
D Fermer l’alimentation du gaz protecteur en cas
de non-utilisation.
D Veiller toujours à bien aérer les espaces confinés ou se servir d’un respirateur d’adduction
d’air homologué.
LES CHAMPS MAGNETIQUES peuvent affecter des implants médicaux.
D Porteur de simulateur cardiaque ou autre implants médicaux, rester à distance.
D Les porteurs d’implants doivent d’abord consulter leur médecin
avant de s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de soudage par points, de gougeage, du coupage plasma ou de chauffage par induction.
D Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé d’une chaleur excessive,
des chocs mécaniques, des dommages physiques, du laitier, des
flammes ouvertes, des étincelles et des arcs.
D Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire ou dans un porte-bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou
de se renverser.
D Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres
circuits électriques.
D Ne jamais placer une torche de soudage sur une bouteille à gaz.
D Une électrode de soudage ne doit jamais entrer en contact avec
une bouteille.
D Ne jamais souder une bouteille pressurisée − risque d’explosion.
LE BRUIT peut endommager l’ouïe.
D Utiliser seulement des bouteilles de gaz protecteur, régulateurs,
tuyaux et raccords convenables pour cette application spécifique ;
les maintenir ainsi que les éléments associés en bon état.
Le bruit des processus et des équipements peut
affecter l’ouïe.
D Détourner votre visage du détendeur-régulateur lorsque vous
ouvrez la soupape de la bouteille.
D Porter des protections approuvées pour les
oreilles si le niveau sonore est trop élevé.
D Le couvercle du détendeur doit toujours être en place, sauf lorsque
la bouteille est utilisée ou qu’elle est reliée pour usage ultérieur.
LES BOUTEILLES peuvent exploser
si elles sont endommagées.
D Utiliser les équipements corrects, les bonnes procédures et suffisamment de personnes pour soulever et déplacer les bouteilles.
Des bouteilles de gaz protecteur contiennent du gaz
sous haute pression. Si une bouteille est endommagée, elle peut exploser. Du fait que les bouteilles de
gaz font normalement partie du procédé de soudage, les manipuler avec précaution.
D Lire et suivre les instructions sur les bouteilles de gaz comprimé,
l’équipement connexe et le dépliant P-1 de la CGA (Compressed
Gas Association) mentionné dans les principales normes de sécurité.
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance
Risque D’INCENDIE OU D’EXPLOSION.
D Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou
à proximité de surfaces inflammables.
D Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de produits inflammables.
D Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que
l’alimentation est correctement dimensionnée et protégée avant
de mettre l’appareil en service.
LES ÉTINCELLES VOLANTES risquent de provoquer des blessures.
D Porter un écran facial pour protéger le visage et
les yeux.
D Affûter l’électrode au tungstène uniquement à la
meuleuse dotée de protecteurs. Cette manœuvre est à exécuter dans un endroit sûr lorsque l’on
porte l’équipement homologué de protection du
visage, des mains et du corps.
D Les étincelles risquent de causer un incendie − éloigner toute substance inflammable.
LA CHUTE DE L’APPAREIL peut
blesser.
D Utiliser l’anneau de levage uniquement pour
soulever l’appareil, NON PAS les chariots, les
bouteilles de gaz ou tout autre accessoire.
D Utiliser un équipement de levage de capacité
suffisante pour lever l’appareil.
D En utilisant des fourches de levage pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser
du côté opposé de l’appareil.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut
CHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES peuvent endommager les
circuits imprimés.
D Établir la connexion avec la barrette de terre
avant de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
D Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques pour stocker, déplacer ou expédier des
cartes de circuits imprimes.
SUR-
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement ; respecter le cycle opératoire nominal.
D Réduire le courant ou le facteur de marche
avant de poursuivre le soudage.
D Ne pas obstruer les passages d’air du poste.
DES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
D Ne pas s’approcher des organes mobiles.
D Ne pas s’approcher des points de coincement
tels que des rouleaux de commande.
OM-232 386 Page 7
LES FILS DE SOUDAGE peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
LE RAYONNEMENT HAUTE FRÉQUENCE (H.F.) risque de provoquer
des interférences.
D Ne pas appuyer sur la gâchette avant d’en
avoir reçu l’instruction.
D Ne pas diriger le pistolet vers soi, d’autres personnes ou toute pièce mécanique en engageant le fil de soudage.
DES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
D S’abstenir de toucher des organes mobiles tels
que des ventilateurs.
D Maintenir fermés et verrouillés les portes, panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de protection.
D Seules des personnes qualifiées sont autorisées à enlever les
portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs de protection
pour l’entretien.
D Remettre les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs de
protection quand l’entretien est terminé et avant de rebrancher
l’alimentation électrique.
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
D Le rayonnement haute fréquence (H.F.) peut
provoquer des interférences avec les équipements de radio−navigation et de communication, les services de sécurité et les ordinateurs.
D Demander seulement à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées
avec des équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
D L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien
qualifié les interférences résultant de l’installation.
D Si le FCC signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC risque de
provoquer des interférences.
D
D
D Lisez le manuel d’instructions avant l’utilisation
ou la maintenance de l’appareil.
D N’utiliser que les pièces de rechange recommandées par le constructeur.
D
D Effectuer régulièrement le contrôle et l’entretien de l’installation.
D
D Maintenir soigneusement fermés les portes et les panneaux des
sources de haute fréquence, maintenir les éclateurs à une distance correcte et utiliser une terre et un blindage pour réduire les
interférences éventuelles.
D
D L’énergie électromagnétique risque de provoquer des interférences pour l’équipement électronique sensible tel que les ordinateurs et l’équipement commandé par ordinateur tel que
les robots.
Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de soudage soit
compatible électromagnétiquement.
Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de
soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser
aussi bas que possible (ex. par terre).
Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement électronique sensible.
Veiller à ce que ce poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre
conformément à ce mode d’emploi.
En cas d’interférences après avoir pris les mesures précédentes, il incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de câbles blindés, l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de travail.
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements
Pour les moteurs à essence :
Les équipements de soudage et de coupage produisent des
fumées et des gaz qui contiennent des produits chimiques
dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des malformations congénitales et, dans certains cas, des cancers.
(Code de santé et de sécurité de Californie, chapitre 25249.5
et suivants)
Les batteries, les bornes et autres accessoires contiennent
du plomb et des composés à base de plomb, produits chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des
cancers et des malformations congénitales ou autres
problèmes de procréation. Se laver les mains après manipulation.
OM-232 386 Page 8
Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs contiennent des produits chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils
provoquent des cancers et des malformations congénitales
ou autres problèmes de procréation.
Pour les moteurs diesel :
Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs diesel et certains de
leurs composants sont reconnus par l’État de Californie comme provoquant des cancers et des malformations
congénitales ou autres problèmes de procréation.
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
de Global Engineering Documents (téléphone : 1-877-413-5184, site
Internet : www.global.ihs.com).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, American Welding Society Standard
AWS F4.1 de Global Engineering Documents (téléphone :
1-877-413-5184, site Internet : www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, de National Fire Protection Association, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (téléphone :
617-770-3000, site Internet : www.nfpa.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
de Compressed Gas Association, 4221 Walney Road, 5th Floor, Chantilly, VA 20151 (téléphone : 703-788-2700, site Internet :
www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, de
Canadian Standards Association, 5060 Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
L4W 5NS (téléphone : 800-463-6727 ou à Toronto 416-747-4044, site
Internet : www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, de American National Standards Institute,
11 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036-8002 (téléphone :
212-642-4900, site Internet : www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, de National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (téléphone : 617-770-3000,
site Internet : www.nfpa.org).
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, de U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(téléphone : 1-866-512-1800) (il y a 10 bureaux régionaux−−le téléphone de la région 5, Chicago, est 312-353-2220, site Internet :
www.osha.gov).
2-6. Information EMF
Considérations sur le soudage et les effets de basse fréquence et des
champs magnétiques et électriques.
Le courant de soudage, pendant son passage dans les câbles de soudage, causera des champs électromagnétiques. Il y a eu et il y a encore
un certain souci à propos de tels champs. Cependant, après avoir examiné plus de 500 études qui ont été faites pendant une période de
recherche de 17 ans, un comité spécial ruban bleu du National
Research Council a conclu : « L’accumulation de preuves, suivant le
jugement du comité, n’a pas démontré que l’exposition aux champs
magnétiques et champs électriques à haute fréquence représente un
risque à la santé humaine ». Toutefois, des études sont toujours en
cours et les preuves continuent à être examinées. En attendant que les
conclusions finales de la recherche soient établies, il vous serait
souhaitable de réduire votre exposition aux champs électromagnétiques pendant le soudage ou le coupage.
Pour réduire les champs magnétiques sur le poste de travail, appliquer
les procédures suivantes :
1. Garder les câbles ensemble, les torsader, les scotcher, ou les
recouvrir d’une housse.
2. Disposer les câbles d’un côté et à distance de l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas courber pas et ne pas entourer pas les câbles autour de
votre corps.
4. Garder le poste de soudage et les câbles le plus loin possible de
vous.
5. Connecter la pince sur la pièce aussi près que possible de la
soudure.
En ce qui concerne les implants médicaux :
Les porteurs d’implants doivent d’abord consulter leur médecin avant
de s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de soudage par
points, de gougeage, du coupage plasma ou de chauffage par induction. Si le médecin approuve, il est recommandé de suivre les
procédures précédentes.
OM-232 386 Page 9
OM-232 386 Page 10
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS
3-1. Symbols And Definitions
X
Duty Cycle
Do Not Switch
While Welding
Increase
On
Off
Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW)
Gun
Wire Feed Spool
Gun
Gas Input
Gas Output
Voltage Input
Press To Reset
V
Wire Feed
Output
Volts
U0
Rated No-Load
Voltage (Average)
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION
4-1. Specifications
A. 115 VAC
Rated Welding
Output
Amperage Range
Maximum Open-Circuit Voltage DC
Amperes Input at Rated
Load Output 115 V, 60 Hz,
Single-Phase
KVA
KW
90 A @ 18.0 Volts DC, 20%
Duty Cycle
30 − 135
32
24.8
2.78
2.23
Rated Welding
Output
Amperage Range
Maximum Open-Circuit Voltage DC
Amperes Input at Rated
Load Output 230 V, 50/60
Hz, Single-Phase
KVA
KW
150 A @ 23 Volts DC, 40%
Duty Cycle
30 − 175
32
25.0
5.74
4.93
B. 230 VAC
C. General Specifications
Wire Type and Diameter
Solid/Stainless
Flux Cored
Aluminum
.023 − .035 in
(0.6 − 0.9 mm)
.030 − .035 in
(0.8 − 0.9 mm)
.030 − .035 in
(0.8 − 0.9 mm)
Wire Feed
Speed
Maximum
Spool Size
50 − 700 IPM
(1.3 − 17.8
m/min)
12 in (305 mm)
Diameter
Dimensions
H: 30 in (762 mm)
W: 19 in (483 mm)
D: 40 in (1016 mm)
Net Weight
Without Gun
158 lb
(72 kg)
OM-232 386 Page 11
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-2. Duty Cycle And Overheating
Duty Cycle is percentage of 10
minutes that unit can weld at rated
load without overheating.
If unit overheats, thermostat(s)
opens, output stops, and cooling
fan runs. Wait fifteen minutes for
unit to cool. Reduce amperage or
duty cycle before welding.
A. 115 VAC
NOTICE − Exceeding duty cycle
can damage unit or gun and void
warranty.
20% duty cycle at 90 amps
2 Minutes Welding
8 Minutes Resting
B. 230 VAC
40% duty cycle at 150 amps
4 Minutes Welding
6 Minutes Resting
Overheating
A or V
0
15
Minutes
OR
Reduce Duty Cycle
duty1 4/95 − 124 655 / 220 896-A
OM-232 386 Page 12
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-3. Volt-Ampere Curves
The volt-ampere curves show the
minimum and maximum voltage
and amperage output capabilities of
the welding power source. Curves
of other settings fall between the
curves shown.
35
. Ranges 4, 5, and 6 apply to 230
DC VOLTS
30
VAC only.
25
20
Range 4
Range 3
Range 2
Range 1
15
Range 6
Range 5
10
5
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
DC AMPERES
ssb1.1 10/91 − 199 212
4-4. Connecting To Weld Output Terminals
4
1
Do not place
anything between
weld cable terminal
and copper bar.
2
Tools Needed:
3
3/4 in (19 mm)
803 778-A
Correct Installation
!
Turn off power before connecting to
weld output terminals.
!
Failure to properly connect weld
cables may cause excessive heat
and start a fire, or damage your machine.
1 Weld Output Terminal
2 Supplied Weld Output Terminal Nut
3 Weld Cable Terminal
4 Copper Bar
Remove supplied nut from weld output terminal. Slide weld cable terminal onto weld
Incorrect Installation
output terminal and secure with nut so that
weld cable terminal is tight against copper
bar. Do not place anything between weld
cable terminal and copper bar. Make
sure that the surfaces of the weld cable
terminal and copper bar are clean.
OM-232 386 Page 13
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-5. Installing Work Cable And Clamp
1
2
Work Cable
Boot
Route cable through front panel
opening. Slide boot onto work
cable.
3
Negative (−) Output Terminal
Connect cable to terminal and
cover connection with boot.
Close door.
1
2
3
Tools Needed:
3/4 in
804 909-A
4-6. Setting Gun Polarity For Wire Type
1
Changing Polarity
Wire Drive
Assembly Lead
Polarity Changeover Label
Information
Always read and follow manufacture’s recommended polarity.
Work Clamp Lead
1
D
D
+ Positive Terminal -
Negative Terminal
Shown as shipped − Electrode Positive (DCEP): For solid steel,
stainless steel, aluminum, or flux core with gas wires (GMAW).
Electrode Negative (DCEN): Reverse lead connections at
terminals from that shown above for gasless flux core wires
(FCAW). Drive assembly becomes negative.
3/4, 11/16 in
Ref. 190 821-A
OM-232 386 Page 14
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-7. Installing Gas Supply
Obtain gas cylinders and chain to
running gear, wall, or other
stationary support so cylinders
cannot fall and break off valve.
1
2
Cap
2
Cylinder Valve
Remove cap, stand to side of valve,
and open valve slightly. Gas flow
blows dust and dirt from valve.
Close valve.
3
7
1
4
Argon Gas Or Mixed Gas
3
Cylinder
4
Regulator/Flowmeter
Install so face is vertical.
1
5
2
3
8
9
5
Regulator/Flowmeter Gas
Hose Connection
6
Welding Power Source Gas
Hose Connection For MIG
Gun
Connect gas hose between
regulator/flowmeter gas hose
connection, and fitting on rear of
welding power source.
7
CO2 Gas
Gas Flow Adjustment Control
Typical flow rate is 25 cfh (cubic feet
per
hour).
Check
wire
manufacturer’s recommended flow
rate.
8
9
CO2 Adapter (Customer
Supplied)
O-Ring (Customer Supplied)
Install adapter with O-ring between
regulator/flowmeter and
CO2
cylinder.
6
Rear Panel
Tools Needed:
1-1/8, 5/8 in
Ref. 804 654-A / Ref. 804 898-A
OM-232 386 Page 15
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-8. Installing MIG Wire Spool and Adjusting Hub Tension
Use compression spring
with 8 in (200 mm) spools.
Installing 1 Or 2 lb Wire Spool
Spindle
Spindle
Install these
components
onto spindle.
When a slight force is needed
to turn spool, tension is set.
To install either a 1 lb or 2 lb wire
spool, follow the procedure as
shown in the illustration.
Order extra spring
Part No. 186 437
Remove these
components
from spindle.
Tools Needed:
15/16 in
072573-B / 802 922
OM-232 386 Page 16
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-9. Connecting 1-Phase Input Power For 230 VAC
1
5
=GND/PE Earth Ground
7
4
6
L1
L2
2
!
Installation must meet all National
and Local Codes − have only
qualified persons make this
installation.
!
Disconnect and lockout/tagout
input power before connecting
input conductors from unit.
!
Always connect green or green/
yellow conductor to supply
grounding terminal first, and never
to a line terminal.
1
Black And White Input Conductor
(L1 And L2)
Green Or Green/Yellow Grounding
Conductor
Input Power Cord.
Disconnect Device (switch shown in
the OFF position)
Disconnect Device Grounding
Terminal
Disconnect Device Line Terminals
2
1
3
4
5
6
3
Connect green or green/yellow grounding
conductor to disconnect device grounding
terminal first.
Connect input conductors L1 and L2 to
disconnect device line terminals.
8
7
L1
L2
8
230 VAC, 1
Over-Current Protection
Select type and size of over-current
protection using Section 4-10 (fused
disconnect switch shown).
Receptacle (NEMA 6-50R)
Customer Supplied
Close and secure door on disconnect
device. Remove lockout/tagout device,
and place switch in the On position.
Tools Needed:
803 766-B / Ref. 802 443-A
OM-232 386 Page 17
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-10. Electrical Service Guide For 230 VAC
Failure to follow these fuse and circuit breaker recommendations could create an electric shock or fire hazard. These
recommendations are for a dedicated branch circuit that applies to the rated output and duty cycle of the welding power source.
60 Hz Single Phase
Input Voltage
230
Input Amperes At Rated Output
25
Max Recommended Standard Fuse Rating In Amperes
Circuit Breaker 1, Time-Delay 2
30
3
35
Normal Operating
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG 4
12
79
(24)
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG 4
12
Reference: 2005 National Electrical Code (NEC) (including article 630)
1 Choose a circuit breaker with time-current curves comparable to a Time Delay Fuse.
2 “Time-Delay” fuses are UL class “RK5” .
3 “Normal Operating” (general purpose - no intentional delay) fuses are UL class “K5” (up to and including 60 amp), and UL class “H” ( 65 amp and
above).
4 Conductor data in this section specifies conductor size (excluding flexible cord or cable) between the panelboard and the equipment per NEC Table
310.16. If a flexible cord or cable is used, minimum conductor size may increase. See NEC Table 400.5(A) for flexible cord and cable requirements.
4-11. Extension Cord Data
. When calculating max. cord length, remember to include conductor length from line disconnect device to input power receptacle.
Input Voltage
Input Power
Phase
Hertz
Conductor Size
Max. Cord Length
115 V
1
60
10 AWG
34 ft (10 m)
230 V
1
60
12 AWG
79 ft (24 m)
OM-232 386 Page 18
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-12. Selecting A Location And Connecting Input Power
!
Do Not cut off power cord connector and rewire. The power cord
connector and plugs will work with standard NEMA receptacles.
Modifying power cord, connector, and plugs will void product
warranty.
18 in (457 mm) of
space for airflow
!
9
1
Do not move or operate unit
where it could tip.
3
4
5
6
7
8
2
Ref. 804 898-A
!
Special installation may be required
where gasoline or volatile liquids
are present − see NEC Article 511 or
CEC Section 20.
For 115 volts ac input power, a 15 or 20
ampere individual branch circuit protected
by time-delay fuses or circuit breaker is
required. For 230 volts ac input power, see
Section 4-9.
1
Rating Label
Supply correct input power.
2
Power Cord Connector
3
Plug − NEMA Type 5-15P
4
Receptacle − NEMA Type 5-15R
(Customer Supplied)
5
Plug − NEMA Type 5-20P (Optional)
6
Receptacle NEMA Type 5-20R
(Customer Supplied)
7
Plug − NEMA Type 6-50P
8
Receptacle − NEMA Type 6-50R
(Customer Supplied)
Select plug for power supply receptacle
available at site. Install plug onto power
cord adapter. As threaded collar is
tightened, push plug onto adapter until
collar is completely tight.
Connect plug to receptacle.
9 Cylinder Support Bracket
Holes in the bracket provide a location to
store the unused power cord plugs.
OM-232 386 Page 19
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-13. Threading Welding Wire
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
4
Wire Spool
Welding Wire
Inlet Wire Guide
Pressure Adjustment Knob
Drive Roll
Outlet Wire Guide
Gun Conduit Cable
Lay gun cable out straight.
7
1
Tools Needed:
2
3
6
5
. Hold wire tightly to keep it
from unraveling.
6 in
(150 mm)
Open pressure assembly.
Pull and hold wire; cut off end.
. Use pressure indicator
Tighten
scale to set a desired
drive roll pressure.
1
2
3
4
Close and tighten pressure
assembly, and let go of wire.
Push wire thru guides into gun;
continue to hold wire.
Pressure
Indicator
Scale
Remove gun nozzle and contact tip.
Turn On.
Tighten
WOOD
Press gun trigger until wire
comes out of gun. Reinstall
contact tip and nozzle
1
2
3
4
Feed wire to check drive roll pressure.
Tighten knob enough to prevent slipping.
Cut off wire. Close
and latch door.
Ref. 804 897-A
OM-232 386 Page 20
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-14. Installing Optional Gas Valve, Receptacle, And Barbed Fitting For Optional Spool
Gun
1
7
6
3
2
4
5
6
8
2
804 990-A
Tools Needed:
1/4 in
9/16 in
!
Turn Off unit, and disconnect input
power.
Remove wrapper.
6
Circuit Board PC1
7
Receptacle RC1
8
Receptacle RC2
1
Rear Panel
2
Snap-in Blank Location
Remove snap-in blank from rear panel, and
install supplied gas valve.
3
Center Baffle Barbed Fitting Hole
Location
Connect plug from gas valve wiring
harness into receptacle RC1.
4
Front Panel
5
Center Baffle Ground Clip
Install supplied barbed fitting into center
baffle hole. Connect gas hose between gas
valve and barbed fitting. Secure with hose
clamps.
Remove snap-in blank from front panel,
and Install supplied 4-position receptacle.
Connect plug from 4-position receptacle
wiring harness into receptacle RC2.
Connect capacitors to center baffle ground
clip.
Reinstall wrapper.
OM-232 386 Page 21
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-15. Connecting An Optional Spool Gun
1
Barbed Fitting
. If
spool gun gas hose is
equipped with a pre-installed
barbed fitting, cut off fitting from
end of hose.
1
Connect spool gun gas hose to
barbed fitting.
2
Gun Trigger Plug
Insert plug into receptacle with
spool gun symbol, and tighten
threaded collar.
2
4
3
3
4
Negative (−) Output Terminal
Positive (+) Output Terminal
Connect weld cable from spool gun
to positive output terminal.
Close door.
804 922-A
OM-232 386 Page 22
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 5 − OPERATION
5-1. Controls
1
2
3
Ref. 226 649-C
1
Voltage Control
Set Voltage control according to the
parameter chart for good starting point.
Turn control clockwise to increase voltage.
2
Wire Speed Control
Set Wire Speed control according to the
parameter chart. Increase or decrease wire
speed to obtain desired bead profile and
travel speed.
3
Over Temp Light
If unit overheats, light turns on and output
stops. Allow unit to cool before resuming
operation.
OM-232 386 Page 23
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-2. Weld Parameter Chart
*Line voltage can affect weld output, settings on this chart are starting values only. You may need to adjust
voltage and wire feed speed to optimize your settings.
Input Line
Voltage*
OM-232 386 Page 24
Parameter
Chart Settings
Higher
e.g. 240
Volts AC
Weld Will Be
Hotter
Lower Settings
230 Volts AC
Use Parameter
Chart
Lower
e.g. 218
Volts AC
Weld Will Be
Colder
Raise Settings
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
226 652-A
OM-232 386 Page 25
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE &TROUBLESHOOTING
6-1. Routine Maintenance
!
n = Check
Z = Change
~ = Clean
* To be done by Factory Authorized Service Agent
. Maintain more often
Disconnect power
before maintaining.
during severe conditions.
l = Replace
Reference
Every
3
Months
l Unreadable Labels
Every
6
Months
~ Weld Terminals
nl Weld Cables
OR
~ Inside Unit
n Apply Light Coat Of Oil
Or Grease To Drive Motor
Shaft
6-2. Unit Overload
Thermostats TP1 in rectifier SR1 and TP2 in stabilizer Z1 protect the unit from damage due to overheating. If TP1
and/or TP2 opens welding output will shut off, and the Over Temp light will turn on. Wait until Over Temp light turns off
before trying to weld.
6-3. Changing Drive Roll and Wire Inlet Guide
1
2
2
4
Securing Screw
Inlet Wire Guide
Loosen screw. Slide tip as close to
drive rolls as possible without
touching. Tighten screw.
3
Drive Roll
The drive roll consists of two
different sized grooves. The
stamped markings on the end
surface of the drive roll refers to the
groove on the opposite side of the
drive roll. The groove closest to the
motor shaft is the proper groove to
thread (see Section 4-13).
1
4
Drive Roll Securing Nut
Turn nut one click to secure drive
roll.
3
Tools Needed:
7/16 in
Ref. 804 914-A
OM-232 386 Page 26
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-4. Aligning Drive Rolls and Wire Guide
!
Turn Off power.
View is from top of drive rolls
looking down with pressure
assembly open.
Correct
3
Incorrect
4
2
1
5
1
2
3
4
5
Drive Roll Securing Nut
Drive Roll
Wire Guide
Welding Wire
Drive Gear
Insert screwdriver, and turn screw
in or out until drive roll groove lines
up with wire guide.
Close pressure roll assembly.
Tools Needed:
Ref. 800 412-A
6-5. Troubleshooting
Welding Trouble
No weld output; wire does not feed.
Remedy
Secure power cord plug in receptacle (see Section 4-12).
Check power switch/supplementary protector, and reset if necessary. If supplementary protector is not
tripped, replace power switch.
Replace building line fuse or reset circuit breaker if open (see Section 4-12).
Thermostat TP1 or TP2 open (overheating). Allow fan to run; the thermostat will close when the unit has
cooled (see Section 6-2).
No weld output; wire feeds.
Connect work clamp to get good metal to metal contact.
Replace contact tip (see Section welding gun Owner’s Manual).
Low weld output.
Connect unit to proper input voltage or check for low line voltage (see Section 4-12).
Low, high, or erratic wire speed.
Readjust front panel settings (see Section ).
Change to correct size drive roll (see Section 6-3).
Readjust drive roll pressure (see Section 4-13).
Over temperature light on.
Unit has overheated and output stops. Let unit cool before continuing welding operation.
Over temperature light blinks rapidly.
Gun trigger is closed or shorted when unit power is turned on.
Over temperature light blinks slowly.
Indicates a malfunction in the wire drive system or drive motor overcurrent. Check for proper spool brake
adjustment or obstructions in the wire feed system. Check wire guides, gun liner and contact tip.
OM-232 386 Page 27
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
Wire Drive/Gun Trouble
Remedy
Electrode wire feeding stops during Straighten gun cable and/or replace damaged parts (see welding gun Owner’s Manual).
welding.
Adjust drive roll pressure (see Section 4-13).
Readjust hub tension (see Section 4-8).
Replace contact tip if blocked (see welding gun Owner’s Manual).
Clean or replace wire inlet guide or liner if dirty or plugged (see welding gun Owner’s Manual).
Replace drive roll if worn or slipping (see Section 6-3).
Check and clear any restrictions at drive assembly (see Section 6-3).
Have nearest Factory Authorized Service Agent check drive motor.
OM-232 386 Page 28
Notes
OM-232 386 Page 29
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
Figure 7-1. Welding Power Source Circuit Diagram
OM-232 386 Page 30
229 598-B
OM-232 386 Page 31
SECTION 8 − MIG WELDING (GMAW) GUIDELINES
8-1. Typical MIG Process Connections
!
Weld current can damage
electronic parts in vehicles.
Disconnect both battery
cables before welding on a
vehicle. Place work clamp as
close to the weld as possible.
Regulator/
Flowmeter
Wire Feeder/
Power Source
Gun
Shielding Gas
Gas
Workpiece
Work Clamp
mig1_2007−05 / Ref. 801 909-A
OM-232 386 Page 32
8-2. Typical MIG Process Control Settings
. These settings are guidelines only. Material and wire type, joint design, fitup, position, shielding gas, etc. affect settings. Test welds to be sure
they comply to specifications.
Material thickness determines weld
parameters.
1/8 or 0.125 in
Convert Material
Thickness to
Amperage (A)
(0.001 in = 1 ampere)
0.125 in = 125 A
.035 in
Wire
Size
Wire Size
Amperage Range
0.023 in
30 − 90 A
0.030 in
40 − 145 A
0.035 in
50 − 180 A
Recommendation
Wire Speed
(Approx.)
0.023 in
3.5 in per ampere
3.5 x 125 A = 437 ipm
0.030 in
2 in per ampere
2 x 125 A = 250 ipm
0.035 in
1.6 in per ampere
1.6 x 125 A = 200 ipm
Select Wire Size
Select Wire Speed
(Amperage)
125 A based on 1/8 in
material thickness
ipm = inches per minute
Low voltage: wire stubs into work
High voltage: arc is unstable (spatter)
Select Voltage
Set voltage midway between high/low voltage
Voltage controls height and
width of weld bead.
Wire speed (amperage) controls weld
penetration (wire speed = burn-off rate)
OM-232 386 Page 33
8-3. Holding And Positioning Welding Gun
. Welding wire is energized when gun trigger is pressed. Before lowering helmet and pressing trigger, be sure wire is no more than 1/2 in (13 mm)
past end of nozzle, and tip of wire is positioned correctly on seam.
1
1
3
2
2
3
4
5
Hold Gun and Control Gun
Trigger
Workpiece
Work Clamp
Electrode Extension (Stickout)
1/4 to 1/2 in (6 To 13 mm)
Cradle Gun and Rest Hand on
Workpiece
5
4
0°-15°
90°
90°
End View of Work Angle
Side View of Gun Angle
GROOVE WELDS
0°-15°
45°
45°
End View of Work Angle
Side View of Gun Angle
FILLET WELDS
OM-232 386 Page 34
S-0421-A
8-4. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape
. Weld bead shape depends on gun angle, direction of travel, electrode extension (stickout), travel speed,
thickness of base metal, wire feed speed
(weld current), and voltage.
10°
Push
10°
Drag
Perpendicular
GUN ANGLES AND WELD BEAD PROFILES
Short
Normal
Long
ELECTRODE EXTENSIONS (STICKOUT)
Short
Normal
Long
FILLET WELD ELECTODE EXTENSIONS (STICKOUT)
Slow
Normal
GUN TRAVEL SPEED
Fast
S-0634
OM-232 386 Page 35
8-5. Gun Movement During Welding
. Normally, a single stringer bead is satisfactory for most narrow groove weld joints; however, for wide groove weld joints or bridging across gaps,
a weave bead or multiple stringer beads works better.
1
1
2
2
3
Stringer Bead − Steady
Movement Along Seam
Weave Bead − Side To Side
Movement Along Seam
Weave Patterns
Use weave patterns to cover a wide
area in one pass of the electrode.
3
S-0054-A
8-6.
Poor Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
Large Spatter Deposits
Rough, Uneven Bead
Slight Crater During Welding
Bad Overlap
Poor Penetration
4
5
S-0053-A
8-7.
Good Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
1
Fine Spatter
Uniform Bead
Moderate Crater During
Welding
Weld a new bead or layer for each
1/8 in (3.2 mm) thickness in metals
being welded.
4
5
2
3
4
No Overlap
Good Penetration into Base
Metal
5
S-0052-B
OM-232 386 Page 36
8-8.
Troubleshooting − Excessive Spatter
Excessive Spatter − scattering of molten metal particles that
cool to solid form near weld bead.
S-0636
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Wire feed speed too high.
Select lower wire feed speed.
Voltage too high.
Select lower voltage range.
Electrode extension (stickout) too long.
Use shorter electrode extension (stickout).
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, undercoating, and dirt from work surface before welding.
Insufficient shielding gas at welding arc.
Increase flow of shielding gas at regulator/flowmeter and/or prevent drafts near welding arc.
Dirty welding wire.
Use clean, dry welding wire.
Eliminate pickup of oil or lubricant on welding wire from feeder or liner.
Incorrect polarity.
8-9.
Check polarity required by welding wire, and change to correct polarity at welding power source.
Troubleshooting − Porosity
Porosity − small cavities or holes resulting from gas pockets
in weld metal.
S-0635
Possible Causes
Insufficient shielding gas at welding arc.
Corrective Actions
Increase flow of shielding gas at regulator/flowmeter and/or prevent drafts near welding arc.
Remove spatter from gun nozzle.
Check gas hoses for leaks.
Place nozzle 1/4 to 1/2 in (6-13 mm) from workpiece.
Hold gun near bead at end of weld until molten metal solidifies.
Wrong gas.
Use welding grade shielding gas; change to different gas.
Dirty welding wire.
Use clean, dry welding wire.
Eliminate pick up of oil or lubricant on welding wire from feeder or liner.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, and dirt from work surface before welding.
Use a more highly deoxidizing welding wire (contact supplier).
Welding wire extends too far out of nozzle.
Be sure welding wire extends not more than 1/2 in (13 mm) beyond nozzle.
8-10. Troubleshooting − Excessive Penetration
Excessive Penetration − weld metal melting through base metal
and hanging underneath weld.
Excessive Penetration Good Penetration
S-0639
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower voltage range and reduce wire feed speed.
Increase travel speed.
OM-232 386 Page 37
8-11. Troubleshooting − Lack Of Penetration
Lack Of Penetration − shallow
fusion between weld metal and
base metal.
Lack of Penetration
Good Penetration
S-0638
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Improper joint preparation.
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must provide access to bottom of groove while
maintaining proper welding wire extension and arc characteristics.
Improper weld technique.
Maintain normal gun angle of 0 to 15 degrees to achieve maximum penetration.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Be sure welding wire extends not more than 1/2 in (13 mm) beyond nozzle.
Insufficient heat input.
Select higher wire feed speed and/or select higher voltage range.
Reduce travel speed.
Incorrect polarity.
Check polarity required by welding wire, and change to correct polarity at welding power source.
8-12. Troubleshooting − Incomplete Fusion
Incomplete Fusion − failure of weld metal to fuse completely with
base metal or a preceeding weld bead.
S-0637
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, undercoating, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
Insufficient heat input.
Select higher voltage range and/or adjust wire feed speed.
Improper welding technique.
Place stringer bead in proper location(s) at joint during welding.
Adjust work angle or widen groove to access bottom during welding.
Momentarily hold arc on groove side walls when using weaving technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Use correct gun angle of 0 to 15 degrees.
8-13. Troubleshooting − Burn-Through
Burn-Through − weld metal melting completely through base metal
resulting in holes where no metal remains.
S-0640
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower voltage range and reduce wire feed speed.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
OM-232 386 Page 38
8-14. Troubleshooting − Waviness Of Bead
Waviness Of Bead − weld metal that is not parallel and does not cover
joint formed by base metal.
S-0641
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Welding wire extends too far out of nozzle.
Be sure welding wire extends not more than 1/2 in (13 mm) beyond nozzle.
Unsteady hand.
Support hand on solid surface or use two hands.
8-15. Troubleshooting − Distortion
Distortion − contraction of weld metal during welding that forces
base metal to move.
Base metal moves
in the direction of
the weld bead.
S-0642
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Use restraint (clamp) to hold base metal in position.
Make tack welds along joint before starting welding operation.
Select lower voltage range and/or reduce wire feed speed.
Increase travel speed.
Weld in small segments and allow cooling between welds.
OM-232 386 Page 39
8-16. Common MIG Shielding Gases
This is a general chart for common gases and where they are used. Many different combinations (mixtures) of
shielding gases have been developed over the years. The most commonly used shielding gases are listed in the
following table.
Application
Gas
Spray Arc Steel
Short Circuiting Steel
Short Circuiting
Stainless Steel
Aluminum
X
Argon
X
Argon + 25% CO2
80% or greater Argon +
balance CO2 or Oxygen
X
X1
X
100% CO2
Tri-Mix2
X
1
Limited short circuiting use
2
90% HE + 7-1/2% AR + 2-1/2% CO2
8-17. Troubleshooting Guide For Semiautomatic Welding Equipment
Problem
Probable Cause
Wire feed motor operates, but Too little pressure on wire feed rolls.
wire does not feed.
Incorrect wire feed rolls.
Wire curling up in front of the
wire feed rolls (bird nesting).
Wire feeds, but no gas flows.
Remedy
Increase pressure setting on wire feed rolls.
Check size stamped on wire feed rolls, replace to match
wire size and type if necessary.
Wire spool brake pressure too high.
Decrease brake pressure on wire spool.
Restriction in the gun and/or assembly.
Check and replace cable, gun, and contact tip if
damaged. Check size of contact tip and cable liner,
replace if necessary.
Too much pressure on wire feed rolls.
Decrease pressure setting on wire feed rolls.
Incorrect cable liner or gun contact tip size.
Check size of contact tip and check cable liner length
and diameter, replace if necessary.
Gun end not inserted into drive housing properly.
Loosen gun securing bolt in drive housing and push gun
end into housing just enough so it does not touch wire
feed rolls.
Dirty or damaged (kinked) liner.
Replace liner.
Gas cylinder empty.
Replace empty gas cylinder.
Gas nozzle plugged.
Clean or replace gas nozzle.
Gas cylinder valve not open or flowmeter not adjusted.
Open gas valve at cylinder and adjust flow rate.
Restriction in gas line.
Check gas hose between flowmeter and wire feeder, and
gas hose in gun and cable assembly.
Loose or broken wires to gas solenoid.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent repair wiring.
Gas solenoid valve not operating.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent replace gas
solenoid valve.
Incorrect primary voltage connected to welding power Check primary voltage and relink welding power source
source.
for correct voltage.
OM-232 386 Page 40
Problem
Probable Cause
Remedy
Welding arc not stable.
Wire slipping in drive rolls.
Adjust pressure setting on wire feed rolls. Replace worn
drive rolls if necessary.
Wrong size gun liner or contact tip.
Match liner and contact tip to wire size and type.
Incorrect voltage setting for selected wire feed speed on Readjust welding parameters.
welding power source.
Loose connections at the gun weld cable or work cable. Check and tighten all connections.
Gun in poor shape or loose connection inside gun.
Repair or replace gun as necessary.
OM-232 386 Page 41
SECTION 9 − PARTS LIST
9-1. Drive Roll And Wire Guide Kits
. Base selection of drive rolls upon the following recommended usages:
1 V-Grooved rolls for hard wire.
2 U-Grooved rolls for soft and soft shelled cored wires.
3 U-Cogged rolls for extremely soft shelled wires (usually hard surfacing types).
4 V-Knurled rolls for hard shelled cored wires.
5 Drive roll types may be mixed to suit particular requirements (e.g. V-Knurled
roll in combination with U-Grooved).
Wire Diameter
Drive Roll
Part No.
Type
Inlet Wire
Guide
087 131
087 130
V-Grooved
056 192
204 579
203 526
V-Grooved
056 192
0.8 mm
079 594
053 695
V-Grooved
056 192
0.9 mm
079 595
053 700
V-Grooved
056 192
Fraction
Decimal
Metric
.023/.025 in.
.023/.025 in.
0.6 mm
.030/.035 in.
.030/.035 in.
0.8/0.9 mm
.030 in.
.030 in.
.035 in.
.035 in.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
OM-232 368 Page 42
Kit No.
Effective January 1, 2008
(Equipment with a serial number preface of LJ or newer)
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions
* Induction Heating Coils and Blankets, Cables, and
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants to
Non-Electronic Controls
its original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold after
* APT & SAF Model Plasma Cutting Torches
the effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects in
* Remote Controls
material and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller. THIS
WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
* Accessory (Kits)
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
* Replacement Parts (No labor)
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
* Spoolmate Spoolguns
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or
* Canvas Covers
replace any warranted parts or components that fail due to such
defects in material or workmanship. Miller must be notified in
writing within thirty (30) days of such defect or failure, at which
time Miller will provide instructions on the warranty claim
procedures to be followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment listed
below in the event of such a failure within the warranty time
periods. All warranty time periods start on the delivery date of the
equipment to the original end-user purchaser, and not to exceed
one year after the equipment is shipped to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is shipped to
an International distributor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
* Original main power rectifiers only to include SCRs,
diodes, and discrete rectifier modules
3 Years — Parts and Labor
* Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
* Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
* Process Controllers
* Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
* Inverter Power Sources (Unless Otherwise Stated)
* Water Coolant Systems (Integrated)
* Intellitig
* Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by the
engine manufacturer.)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
* Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
* Positioners and Controllers
* Automatic Motion Devices
* RFCS Foot Controls
* Induction Heating Power Sources, Coolers, and
Electronic
Controls/Recorders
* Water Coolant Systems (Non-Integrated)
* Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
* HF Units
* Grids
* Spot Welders
* Load Banks
* Arc Stud Power Sources & Arc Stud Guns
* Racks
* Running Gear/Trailers
* Plasma Cutting Torches (except APT & SAF
Models)
* Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered under True Blue®
for the remaining warranty period of the product they
are installed in, or for a minimum of one year —
whichever is greater.)
* Bernard-Branded Mig Guns (No Labor)
* Weldcraft-Branded TIG Torches (No Labor)
* Subarc Wire Drive Assemblies
6 Months — Batteries
90 Days — Parts
* MIG Guns and Subarc (SAW) Guns
Miller’s True Blue® Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, slip rings,
relays or parts that fail due to normal wear.
(Exception: brushes, slip rings, and relays are
covered on Bobcat, Trailblazer, and Legend
models.)
2.
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other
than Miller, or equipment that has been improperly
installed, improperly operated or misused based upon
industry standards, or equipment which has not had
reasonable and necessary maintenance, or equipment
which has been used for operation outside of the
specifications for the equipment.
3.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE AND
USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND PERSONS
TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE AND
MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4)
payment of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable
depreciation based upon actual use) upon return of the goods at
customer’s risk and expense. Miller’s option of repair or
replacement will be F.O.B., Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or
F.O.B. at a Miller authorized service facility as determined by
Miller. Therefore no compensation or reimbursement for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT,
INDIRECT,
SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL
OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN AND
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY,
GUARANTY
OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION, MIGHT ARISE BY IMPLICATION, OPERATION
OF LAW, CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE OF DEALING,
INCLUDING
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY
OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL EQUIPMENT
FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND DISCLAIMED
BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long an
implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental, indirect,
special or consequential damages, so the above limitation or
exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty provides specific
legal rights, and other rights may be available, but may vary from
state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein,
and to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations and
exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited Warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be available,
but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 2008-01
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Contact a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
Welding Process Handbooks
To locate a Distributor or Service Agency visit
www.millerwelds.com or call 1-800-4-A-Miller
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
PRINTED IN USA
© 2008 Miller Electric Mfg. Co. 2008−01
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
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www.MillerWelds.com