Wilder Technologies SATA 2.5 Test Adapter Specifications

Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Serial ATA
International Organization
Version: 1.1 Revision 1.4
20 January 2011
20 January 2011
Serial ATA Interoperability Program Revision 1.4
Agilent Technologies, Inc. Method of Implementation (MOI)
Document for SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Measurements
(Real-time DSO Measurements)
This document is provided "AS IS" and without any warranty of any kind, including, without limitation, any express
or implied warranty of non-infringement, merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall
SATA-IO or any member of SATA-IO be liable for any direct, indirect, special, exemplary, punitive, or
consequential damages, including, without limitation, lost profits, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
This material is provided for reference only. The Serial ATA International Organization does not endorse the
vendors’ equipment outlined in this document.
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SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Test MOI v.1.1 Revision 1.4
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS ..................................................................................... 2
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ................................................................................... 7
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................... 8
REFERENCES ...................................................................................................10
PHY GENERAL REQUIREMENTS................................................................. 11
TEST PHY-01 - UNIT INTERVAL............................................................................................... 12
TEST PHY-02 – FREQUENCY LONG TERM ACCURACY ............................................................. 14
TEST PHY-03 - SPREAD-SPECTRUM MODULATION FREQUENCY .............................................. 15
TEST PHY-04 - SPREAD-SPECTRUM MODULATION DEVIATION ................................................ 16
PHY TRANSMIT SIGNAL REQUIREMENTS ...............................................18
TEST TSG-01 - DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE ................................................................... 19
TEST TSG-02 - RISE/FALL TIME ............................................................................................. 21
TEST TSG-03 - DIFFERENTIAL SKEW ..................................................................................... 23
TEST TSG-04 - AC COMMON MODE VOLTAGE ....................................................................... 25
TEST TSG-05 - RISE/FALL IMBALANCE (OBSOLETE) ............................................................... 26
TEST TSG-06 - AMPLITUDE IMBALANCE (OBSOLETE)............................................................. 27
TEST TSG-07 - GEN1 (1.5GBPS) TJ AT CONNECTOR, CLOCK TO DATA, FBAUD/10 (OBSOLETE) 29
TEST TSG-08 - GEN1 (1.5GBPS) DJ AT CONNECTOR, CLOCK TO DATA, FBAUD/10 (OBSOLETE) 29
TEST TSG-09 - GEN1 (1.5GBPS) TJ AT CONNECTOR, CLOCK TO DATA, FBAUD/500 (JTF
DEFINED) ............................................................................................................................... 30
TEST TSG-10 - GEN1 (1.5GBPS) DJ AT CONNECTOR, CLOCK TO DATA, FBAUD/500 (JTF
DEFINED) ............................................................................................................................... 31
TEST TSG-11 - GEN2 (3.0GBPS) TJ AT CONNECTOR, CLOCK TO DATA, FBAUD/500 (JTF
DEFINED) ............................................................................................................................... 32
TEST TSG-12 - GEN2 (3.0GBPS) DJ AT CONNECTOR, CLOCK TO DATA, FBAUD/500 (JTF
DEFINED) ............................................................................................................................... 33
TEST TSG-13 - GEN3 (6.0GBPS) TRANSMIT JITTER BEFORE AND AFTER CIC, CLOCK TO DATA
(JTF DEFINED) ....................................................................................................................... 34
TEST TSG-14 - GEN3 (6.0GBPS) TRANSMITTER MAXIMUM DIFFERENTIAL VOLTAGE AMPLITUDE
.............................................................................................................................................. 36
TEST TSG-15 - GEN3 (6.0GBPS) TRANSMITTER MINIMUM DIFFERENTIAL VOLTAGE AMPLITUDE
.............................................................................................................................................. 38
TEST TSG-16 - GEN3 (6.0GBPS) TRANSMITTER AC COMMON MODE VOLTAGE ....................... 40
PHY OOB REQUIREMENTS ...........................................................................42
TEST OOB-01 – OOB SIGNAL DETECTION THRESHOLD .......................................................... 43
TEST OOB-02 – UI DURING OOB SIGNALING......................................................................... 48
TEST OOB-03 – COMINIT/RESET AND COMWAKE TRANSMIT BURST LENGTH .................. 49
TEST OOB-04 – COMINIT/RESET TRANSMIT GAP LENGTH ..................................................50
TEST OOB-05 – COMWAKE TRANSMIT GAP LENGTH ........................................................... 52
TEST OOB-06 – COMWAKE GAP DETECTION WINDOWS ...................................................... 54
TEST OOB-07 – COMINIT GAP DETECTION WINDOWS .......................................................... 57
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APPENDIX A – INFORMATION ON REQUIRED RESOURCES ................60
EXAMPLE N5411B PRODUCT TEST INITIAL SETUP PROCEDURE................................................ 62
APPENDIX B – CABLE DESKEW PROCEDURE .........................................67
APPENDIX C – VERIFICATION OF LAB LOAD RETURN LOSS .............69
APPENDIX D - MEASUREMENT ACCURACY SPECIFICATIONS...........74
APPENDIX E – CALIBRATION OF JITTER MEASUREMENT DEVICES
..............................................................................................................................75
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MODIFICATION RECORD
January 16, 2006 (Version 1.0 template) INITIAL RELEASE, TO LOGO TF MOI GROUP
Andy Baldman:
Initial Release
February 7, 2006 (Version 0.8) INITIAL RELEASE, TO LOGO TF MOI GROUP
Bryan Kantack:
Initial Release
February 20, 2006 (Version 0.9)
Bryan Kantack:
Updates made to reflect IW Event #1 Unified Test Document changes
March 17, 2006 (Version 0.91)
Bryan Kantack:
General formatting, Update SATA templates to Rev 2.0 for all measurements
April 3, 2006 (Version 0.92)
Bryan Kantack:
Removal of TX/RX test sections, incorporation of first-pass reviewer feedback
May 7, 2006 (Version 0.93)
Bryan Kantack:
Update SATA templates to Rev 2.1 for all measurements; OOB timing updates for OOB-01 through OOB-07
May 25, 2006 (Version 0.94)
Bryan Kantack:
General formatting and updates to align with Unified Test Document Rev 1.0RC2i (May 11, 2006); added
Unified Test Document section references to each measurement
June 8, 2006 (Version 0.95)
Bryan Kantack:
Update to OOB-01 OOB Detection Threshold procedure (removed two unnecessary tests)
June 9, 2006 (Version 0.95RC) REVIEW RELEASE, TO LOGO TF MOI GROUP
Bryan Kantack:
Release to LOGO TF MOI Group for final review and vote
June 19, 2006 (Version 0.96RC)
Bryan Kantack:
Update TSG-01, TSG-02, TSG-09, TSG-10, PHY-02, PHY-04 text per reviewer feedback; changed COMAX
part number H303000204 to H303000204 to correctly reference new product revision; edited typographical
error in OOB-04 through OOB-07 test descriptions; incorporation of final reviewer feedback
June 21, 2006 (Version 1.0RC) REVIEW RELEASE, TO LOGO TF MOI GROUP
Bryan Kantack:
Release to LOGO TF MOI Group for final review and vote
June 22, 2006 (Version 1.0RC2) REVIEW RELEASE, TO LOGO TF MOI GROUP
Bryan Kantack:
Release to LOGO TF MOI Group for final review and vote; updated PHY-04 and TSG-02 text per committee
feedback
September 26, 2006 (Version 1.0RC3) REVIEW RELEASE, TO LOGO TF MOI GROUP
Fei Xie:
Release to LOGO TF MOI Group for review and vote on changes to include products testing and PHY-02, PHY-04
updates.
September 28, 2006 (Version 0.99a)
Fei Xie:
Updated to include host as well as device testing.
October 11, 2006 (Version 0.99b)
Fei Xie:
Define nominal values for PHY02 and PHY04.
November 15, 2006 (Version 0.99c)
Fei Xie:
Added Accuracy Table in Appendix
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December 13th, 2006 (Version 0.99d)
Fei Xie:
PHY02 Procedure detail
January 9th, 2007 (Version 0.99e)
Fei Xie: PHY02 Procedure detail with screenshot.
January 31st, 2007 (Version 0.99f)
Fei Xie: OOB 01, 06, 07 update to new method. Jitter algorithm update to new method. Added return loss Appendix
October 31st, 2007 (Version 0.9 Revision 1.3) new nomenclature adopted by LOGO
Bryan Kantack: Updated PHY-02 and PHY-04 measurement detail per ECN 016 changes. Updated OOB-02, OOB-03, OOB-04,
OOB-05 measurement detail per ECN 017 changes. Updated TSG-07 & TSG-08 to be INFORMATIVE per ECN 006. Updated TSG-09, TSG10, TSG-11 & TSG-12 per ECN 008. Updated TSG-09, TSG-10, TSG-11 & TSG-12 clock recovery settings per the approved Jitter Transfer
Function definition. Added Appendix for the Calibration and Verification of Jitter Measurement Devices.
December 14th, 2007 (Version 0.9 Revision 1.3) new nomenclature adopted by LOGO
Bryan Kantack: Accepted all red-line edits and comments per LOGO committee walk-through. Incorporated new JTF calibration
documentation to include calibration of both 1.5Gpbs and 3.0Gbps clock recovery settings used for TSG-09 through TSG-12, in accordance with
the procedure used to calibrate the Agilent DSA91204A JMD for Interoperability Workshop #4, November 12-16, 2007.
February 26th, 2008 (Version 0.91 Revision 1.3) new nomenclature adopted by LOGO
Bryan Kantack: Replaced typographical references to Serial ATA Revision 2.5 with updated references to Serial ATA Revision 2.6.
Updated OOB-01 test procedure to include automated amplitude calibration procedure for 81134A stimulus.
June 5th, 2008 (Version 0.93 Revision 1.3)
Bryan Kantack: Updated references to Unified Test Document 1.3 resource tables and sections. Added clarification to calibration of
OOB Threshold measurements in OOB-01. Added graphics to Appendix E, Calibration of Jitter Measurement Devices, to clarify process steps.
June 12th, 2008 (Version 1.0RC Revision 1.3)
Bryan Kantack: Document red-line changes reviewed and accepted. Voted into approval by SATA-IO LOGO committee and rolled
version to 1.0RC.
July 25th, 2008 (Version 1.0 Revision 1.3)
Bryan Kantack: Passed 30-day member review. Released as Version 1.0 Revision 1.3
March 25th, 2009 (Version 0.8 Revision 1.4)
Bryan Kantack: Updated per Unified Test Document Revision 1.4 and SATA Revision 3.0 Specificatio n changes; added TSG-013
through TSG-016; updated Appendix E for 6Gb/s JTF calibration procedure
May 28th, 2009 (Version 1.0RC Revision 1.4)
Bryan Kantack: Moved to 1.0RC status per unanimous LOGO committee vote in acceptance of all proposed revisions and successful
results correlation through IW#7 dry-run testing.
August 19th, 2009 (Version 1.0RC2 Revision 1.4)
Min-Jie Chong: Updated per Unified Test Document Revision 1.4 V1.00RC2. Moved TSG-05 and TSG-06 to obsolete status.
August 27th, 2009 (Version 1.0 Revision 1.4)
Min-Jie Chong: Passed 30-day member review. Released as Version 1.0 Revision 1.4
September 16th, 2010 (Version 1.08 Revision 1.4)
Min-Jie Chong:
Added Agilent DSAX93204A oscilloscope to the equipment list.
Updated document to include total jitter at 1E-6 and 1E-12 measurements per ECN-39 as normative and the previously defined jitter
test requirements as informative only.
Added Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R and ICT-Lanto SATA Receptacle Gen 3 TF-1R31 Test
Fixtures.
Added section outlining SerialTek BusMod BusGen BIST Generator as an alternate BIST mode and pattern generation tool.
Updated clock recovery settings for the oscilloscope JTF requirements.
Cleaned up language and document formatting.
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October 27th, 2010 (Version 1.10RC Revision 1.4)
Min-Jie Chong:
Updated Agilent DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A oscilloscope models to the
equipment list.
Updated OOB-06 Comwake sequence gap values in accordance to the change in UTD 1.4 version 1.01.
January 20th, 2011 (Version 1.10 Revision 1.4)
Min-Jie Chong:
Passed 30-day member review. Released as Version 1.10 Revision 1.4
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Agilent Technologies, Inc. would like to acknowledge the efforts of the following individuals in
the development of this document.
SATA MOI Template
Creation
Andrew Baldman
David Woolf
University of New Hampshire Interoperability Lab
University of New Hampshire Interoperability Lab
Agilent PHY Test
MOI Creation
Bryan Kantack
Fei Xie
Min-Jie Chong
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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INTRODUCTION
The tests contained in this document are organized in order to simplify the identification
of information related to a test, and to facilitate in the actual testing process. Tests are separated
into groups, primarily in order to reduce setup time in the lab environment, however the different
groups typically also tend to focus on specific aspects of products functionality.
The test definitions themselves are intended to provide a high-level description of the
motivation, resources, procedures, and methodologies specific to each test. Formally, each test
description contains the following sections:
Purpose
The purpose is a brief statement outlining what the test attempts to achieve. The test is
written at the functional level.
References
This section specifies all reference material external to the test suite, including the
specific subclauses references for the test in question, and any other references that might be
helpful in understanding the test methodology and/or test results. External sources are always
referenced by a bracketed number (e.g., [1]) when mentioned in the test description. Any other
references in the test description that are not indicated in this manner refer to elements within the
test suite document itself (e.g., “Appendix 6.A”, or “Table 6.1.1-1”)
Resource Requirements
The requirements section specifies the test hardware and/or software needed to perform
the test. This is generally expressed in terms of minimum requirements, however in some cases
specific equipment manufacturer/model information may be provided.
Last Modification
This specifies the date of the last modification to this test.
Discussion
The discussion covers the assumptions made in the design or implementation of the test,
as well as known limitations. Other items specific to the test are covered here as well.
Test Setup
The setup section describes the initial configuration of the test environment. Small
changes in the configuration should not be included here, and are generally covered in the test
procedure section (next).
Procedure
The procedure section of the test description contains the systematic instructions for
carrying out the test. It provides a cookbook approach to testing, and may be interspersed with
observable results.
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Observable Results
This section lists the specific observables that can be examined by the tester in order to
verify that the product is operating properly. When multiple values for an observable are
possible, this section provides a short discussion on how to interpret them. The determination of
a pass or fail outcome for a particular test is generally based on the successful (or unsuccessful)
detection of a specific observable.
Possible Problems
This section contains a description of known issues with the test procedure, which may
affect test results in certain situations. It may also refer the reader to test suite appendices and/or
other external sources that may provide more detail regarding these issues.
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REFERENCES
This method of implementation document references the following texts:
Serial ATA Revision 3.0 (SATA Revision 3.0)
Serial ATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document Revision 1.4
Serial ATA Interoperability Program Policy Document Revision 1.4
Serial ATA Interoperability Program Pre-Test MOI Revision 1.4 (Pre-Test MOI)
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PHY GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Overview:
This group of tests verifies the Phy General Requirements, as defined in Section 2.13 of
the Serial ATA Interoperability Unified Test Document, Revision 1.4 (which references Serial
ATA Revision 3.0).
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Test PHY-01 - Unit Interval
Purpose: To verify that the Unit Interval of the Product Under Test (PUT) TX signaling is within the conformance
limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 29 – General Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.1.3 – Unit Interval
Ibid, 7.4.14 – SSC Profile
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.13.1 – Unit Interval
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
• Agilent DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A (32GHz,
28GHz, 25GHz, 20GHz and 16GHz bandwidth, 80GS/s per channel) or Agilent DSA91204A (12GHz
bandwidth, 40GS/s per channel)
• Agilent N5411B SATA Electrical Performance Validation and Compliance Test Software
• Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICT-Lanto SATA Receptacle
Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATA-NE/ZP test adapter or
equivalent
• Gen3i capable products PC running ULink, SerialTek BusMod BusGen BIST Generator or any other
mechanism that makes the products produce the required patterns is acceptable.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the general PHY conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the mean Unit Interval (UI). Reference [2] provides the definition of this term for
the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
In this test, the mean UI value is measured based on the average of at least 100,000 observed UI’s,
measured at the transmitter output.
The mean UI is measured from a Unit Interval measurement trend, after a low-pass filter with 1.98MHz -3dB
bandwidth, and applies to signaling with SSC enabled and/or disabled. This value includes the frequency long-term
stability deviation and the Spread Spectrum Clock FM frequency deviation.
Test Setup:
1. (For Hosts only) select the worst case port as described in reference [5]. All further connections to the
products would be to the worst case port.
2. The N5411B automated test software will prompt you to make the products produce HFTP. Once
prompted, follow the procedures in the respective sections in reference [5] to either activate BIST-TAS
HFTP pattern or BIST-L if BIST-L is supported by the products.
3. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is HFTP, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
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Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the unit interval test in the report generated
at the completion of the testing. Both Min and Max tests must pass to pass the unit interval test.
Observable Results:
• PHY-01a - Mean Unit Interval measured between 666.4333ps (min) to 670.2333ps (max) (for products
running at 1.5Gb/s)
• PHY-01b - Mean Unit Interval measured between 333.2167ps (min) to 335.1167ps (max) (for products
running at 3Gb/s)
• PHY-01c – Mean Unit Interval measured between 166.6083ps (min) to 167.5583ps (max) (for products
running at 6Gb/s)
• The values above shall be based on at least 100,000 UIs (covers at least one SSC profile)
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test PHY-02 – Frequency Long Term Accuracy
Purpose: To verify that the long term frequency stability of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within
the conformance limit.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 29 – General Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.1.4 – TX Frequency Long Term Stability
Ibid, 7.4.7 – Long Term Frequency Accuracy
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.12.2 – Frequency Long-Term Stability
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same requirements as for PHY-01
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the general PHY conformance limits for SATA products. Reference [2] provides
the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test. This test is not performed for products employing SSC since SSC modulation
deviation and frequency long-term accuracy cannot be separated in measurement. For products employing
SSC, PHY-04 will measure the total UI deviation.
This test is only run once at the maximum interface rate of the products (1.5Gb/s, 3.0Gb/s or 6.0Gb/s)
Test Setup:
Same setup as for PHY-01.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. The Mean frequency is measured and reported for non SSC productss. Either “PASS”
or “FAIL” is shown for the SSC frequency test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Mean Test: (Measured Mean – Nominal)/Nominal)* 1E6 < +/-350 ppm for pass
where Nominal is defined as 1.5E9 for Gen 1 products ,3E9 for Gen 2 products and 6E9 for Gen 3
products.
Observable Results:
The value of the Mean Test at the maximum interface rate is considered for the non-SSC enabled products.
The Frequency Long Term Accuracy value shall be between +/-350ppm. products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test PHY-03 - Spread-Spectrum Modulation Frequency
Purpose: To verify that the Spread Spectrum Modulation Frequency of the Products Under Test’s (PUT)
transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 29 – General Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.1.5 – Spread-Spectrum Modulation Frequency
Ibid, 7.4.14 – SSC Profile
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.13.3 – Spread-Spectrum Modulation
Frequency
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same requirements as for PHY-01
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the general PHY conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the Spread-Spectrum Modulation Frequency. Reference [2] provides the definition
of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
In this test, the Spread-Spectrum Modulation Frequency, fSSC, is measured, based on at least 10 complete
SSC cycles.
This test is only run once at the maximum interace rate of the product (1.5Gb/s, 3.0Gb/s or 6.0Gb/s)
Test Setup:
Same setup as for PHY-01.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. The Mean frequency is measured at the 50% threshold of the Unit Interval trend and
reported. The Mean is cumulative over all acquisitions and the final Mean SSC modulation frequency is
reported as the final value. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the SSC frequency test in the report
generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The Spread-Spectrum Modulation Frequency value shall be between 30 kHz and 33 kHz products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test PHY-04 - Spread-Spectrum Modulation Deviation
Purpose: To verify that the Spread-Spectrum Modulation Deviation of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s)
transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 29 – General Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.1.6 and 7.3.3 – Spread-Spectrum Modulation Deviation
Ibid, 7.4.14 – SSC Profile
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.13.4 – Spread-Spectrum Modulation
Deviation
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same requirements as for PHY-01
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the general PHY conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the Spread-Spectrum Modulation Deviation. Reference [2] provides the
definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test.
In this test, the Spread-Spectrum Modulation Deviation is measured, based on at least 10 complete SSC
cycles.
This test is only run once at the maximum interace rate of the product (1.5Gb/s, 3.0Gb/s or 6.0Gb/s)
Test Setup:
Same setup as for PHY-01.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. The Max Unit Interval is measured over the entire trend and converted to ppm
deviation. The Min Unit Interval is measured over the entire trend and converted to ppm. Both Max and
Min UI must be within the limits of the specification to pass this test. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown
for the SSC modulation deviation test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
The measurement for SSC modulation deviation records the mean of max unit interval values after the
1.98MHz filter is applied. The value reported as the result must be the single total range value relative to
nominal of the SSC modulation deviation, using the equations below, where “Min” is the mean of 10
recorded values of the minimum peaks and “Max: is the mean of 10 recorded values of the maximum
peaks. The ppm deviation is computed from the following operations and compared against spec value for
pass/fail:
Calculate max deviation = (Measured Max – Nominal)/Nominal * 1e6 ppm
Calculate min deviation = (Measured Min – Nominal)/Nominal * 1e6 ppm
Nominal is defined as 666.6667ps for Gen 1 MAX data rate products, 333.3333ps for Gen 2 MAX data rate
products and 166.6667ps for Gen3 MAX data rate products.
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Observable Results:
a) Max SSCtol measured (using mean of 10 recorded values) less than +350ppm.
b) Min SSCtol measured (using mean of 10 recorded values) greater than -5350ppm.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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PHY TRANSMIT SIGNAL REQUIREMENTS
Overview:
This group of tests verifies the Phy Transmitted Signal Requirements, as defined in
Section 2.15 of the Serial ATA Interoperability Unified Test Document, Revision 1.4 (which
references Serial ATA Revision 3.0).
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Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Test TSG-01 - Differential Output Voltage
Purpose: To verify that the Differential Output Voltage of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within
the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.7 – TX Differential Output Voltage
Ibid, 7.4. 5 – Transmitter Amplitude
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.1 – Differential Output Voltage
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for PHY-01, repeated here for convenience:
• Agilent DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A (32GHz,
28GHz, 25GHz, 20GHz and 16GHz bandwidth, 80GS/s per channel) or Agilent DSA91204A (12GHz
bandwidth, 40GS/s per channel)
• Agilent N5411B SATA Electrical Performance Validation and Compliance Test Software
• Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICT-Lanto SATA Receptacle
Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATA-NE/ZP test adapter or
equivalent
• Gen2i capable products PC running ULink, SerialTek BusMod BusGen BIST Generator or any other
mechanism that makes the products produce the required patterns is acceptable.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the Differential Output Voltage. Reference [2] provides the definition of this term
for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Vdiff Min is tested with HFTP, MFTP and LBP. Vdiff Max is tested with MFTP and LFTP.
For products which support 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, this requirement must be tested at both 1.5Gb/s and 3.0Gb/s
interface rates. Separate tests for 6Gb/s Max Amplitude and 6Gb/s Min Amplitude are defined in TSG-014
and TSG-015, respectively.
Test Setup:
1. Since PHY-01 the products has been producing HFTP and it is already connected to the scope. The
N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for MFTP, LBP and LFTP when it needs those patterns.
When prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to activate those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep
products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Interim values for UH (HFTP upper), LH (HFTP lower), UM (MFTP upper), LM
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(MFTP lower), DHM (worst-case differential HFTP or differential MFTP), A (LBP lone 1-bit upper) and B
(LBP lone 0-bit lower) are measured and computed to determine the final Vtest value for the Minimum
Amplitude test. These interim values and screen captures can also be a helpful aid in debugging which
pattern, and specifically, which bit failed the test. Similar steps are used to setup the MFTP and LFTP
patterns used for the Maximum Amplitude test.
NOTE: The N5411B maximum amplitude test does not test physical voltage, but instead, the ratio of
amplitude histogram points at or above the physical specification limit compared to total amplitude
histogram points at or above +/- DOV/2. Again, pu, nu, NU, pl, nl and NL are reported out to assist in
debug. This methodology is provided per the VdiffTX, Max measurement definition in reference [1].
Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the minimum amplitude test in the report generated at the
completion of the testing.
Reference [4] addresses the measurement of VdiffTX, Min per the SATA-IO LOGO IW testing
requirements as follows:
DOV Min = Vtest(min) = min(DH, DM, VtestLBP)
Observable Results:
The Differential Output Voltage shall be between the limits specified in reference [4]. For convenience,
the values are reproduced below. For the differential amplitude voltage test to pass, the minimum
differential amplitude value, Vtest(min), must meet the DOV minimum test limits. Measurements for pu
and pl should be recorded as well but are informative only.
PUT Type
Gen1i
Gen2i
DOV Min
400 mV
400 mV
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Test MOI v.1.1 Revision 1.4
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Test TSG-02 - Rise/Fall Time
Purpose: To verify that the Rise/Fall time of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s) is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.9 – TX Rise/Fall Time
Ibid, 7.4.4 – Rise and Fall Times
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.2 – Rise/Fall Time
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the Rise/Fall Time. Reference [2] provides the definition of this term for the
purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
TSG-02 is tested using LFTP. For products which support 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, this requirement must be tested
at both 1.5Gb/s and 3.0Gb/s interface rates.
The cables connecting the Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICTLanto SATA Receptacle Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATANE/ZP test adapter or equivalent to the scope must be deskewed, as discussed in Appendix A. Skew
lengthens the measured differential rise and fall times.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for LFTP when it needs that pattern. When
prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable BIST-TAS LFTP. Or keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by two 36”
SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is LFTP, press OK in the
N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard way to make it
produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. The Mean value is reported as the final value and compared only to the RFT Max
value in the table below for pass/fail. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the Rise/Fall time test in the
report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The Mean TX Rise/Fall Times shall be between the limits specified in reference [1]. For convenience, the
values are reproduced below. Note: Failures of minimum rise and fall time limits have not been shown to
affect interoperability and will not be included in determining pass/fail for Interoperability testing.
Limit
Min 20-80%
Max 20-80%
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Time @ 1.5Gb/s (ps (UI))
100 (0.15)
273 (0.41)
21
Time @ 3Gb/s (ps (UI))
67 (0.20)
136 (0.41)
Time @ 6Gb/s (ps (UI))
33 (0.20)
68 (0.41)
SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Test MOI v.1.1 Revision 1.4
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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Test TSG-03 - Differential Skew
Purpose: To verify that the Differential Skew of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within the
conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.10 – TX Differential Skew (Gen2i, Gen1x, Gen2x)
Ibid, 7.4.15 – Intra-pair Skew
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.3 – Differential Skew
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for Differential Skew. Reference [2] provides the definition of this term for
the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Skew is measured with HFTP and MFTP. This test is only run once at the maximum interface rate of the
product (1.5Gbps or 3.0Gbps).
The cables connecting the Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICTLanto SATA Receptacle Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATANE/ZP test adapter or equivalent to the scope must be deskewed, as discussed in Appendix A.
Uncompensated cable skew contributes directly to measured differential skew.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for HFTP and MFTP when it needs those patterns.
When prompted follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep
products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture to products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by two 36”
SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is the correct pattern,
press OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a nonstandard way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. This requires measuring the mean skew of TX+ rise mid-point to the TX- fall midpoint and the mean skew of TX+ fall mid-point to TX- rise mid-point, and finally computing the
Differential Skew = average of the magnitude (absolute value) of the two mean skews. This removes the
effect of rise-fall imbalance from the skew measurement. Two differential skew values are provided, one
for HFTP and one for MFTP, and both must meet the Max Diff Skew requirements in reference [1], which
are repeated in the table below for convenience. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the differential
skew test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
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Observable Results:
The TX Differential Skew shall be between the limits specified in reference [1]. For convenience, the
values are reproduced below.
PUT Type
Gen1i
Gen2i
Max Diff Skew
20 ps
20 ps
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Test MOI v.1.1 Revision 1.4
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Test TSG-04 - AC Common Mode Voltage
Purpose: To verify that the AC Common Mode Voltage of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within
the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.11 – TX AC Common Mode Voltage (Gen2i, Gen1x, Gen2x)
Ibid, 7.4.20 – TX AC Common Mode Voltage
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.4 – AC Common Mode Voltage
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the TX AC Common Mode Voltage. Reference [2] provides the definition
of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this
test.
TSG-04 is tested with MFTP. This test requirement is only applicable to products running at 3Gbps.
The cables connecting the Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICTLanto SATA Receptacle Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATANE/ZP test adapter or equivalent to the scope must be deskewed, as discussed in Appendix A. Skew
contributes directly to common mode spikes which if large enough, even though they are low pass filtered
to half the bit rate, can cause failure.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for MFTP. When prompted for MFTP, follow the
procedures in reference [5] to enable BIST-TAS MFTP. Or keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is MFTP, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. The test is performed as (TX+ + TX-)/2, low-pass filter applied with a -3dB cutoff
frequency of bit-rate/2 and peak-peak amplitude of the filter output measured as the final AC common
mode voltage value. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the common mode voltage test in the report
generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The AC Common Mode Voltage value shall be less than 50 mVp-p for Gen2i and Gen2m products.
Possible Problems:
Please see TSG-03.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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Test TSG-05 - Rise/Fall Imbalance (Obsolete)
Purpose: To verify that the Rise/Fall Imbalance of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within the
conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.22.16 – TX Rise/Fall Imbalance
Ibid, 7.4.19 – TX Rise/Fall Imbalance
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.5 – Rise/Fall Imbalance
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the Rise/Fall Imbalance. Reference [2] provides the definition of this term
for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Rise/Fall imbalance is measured with LFTP. References [2] and [3] both define two values to be computed,
for each pattern. The two values compare TX+ rise to TX- fall, and TX- rise to TX+ fall. The results are
expressed as a percentage of the worst case of the two items being compared. The MEAN R/F Imbalance is
reported as the final result. This test requirement is only applicable to products running at 3Gbps.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for LFTP when it needs those patterns. When
prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep the products
in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the rise/fall imbalance test in the report
generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The Rise/Fall Imbalance value shall be less than 20% for Gen2i and Gen2m products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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Test TSG-06 - Amplitude Imbalance (Obsolete)
Purpose: To verify that the Amplitude Imbalance of the Products Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within the
conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.17 – TX Amplitude Imbalance (Gen2i, Gen1x, Gen2x)
Ibid, 7.4.18 – TX Amplitude Imbalance
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.6 – Amplitude Imbalance
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the TX Amplitude Imbalance. Reference [2] provides the definition of this
term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Amplitude Imbalance is measured with HFTP and MFTP. This test requirement is only applicable to
products running at 3Gbps.
This parameter is a measure of the match in the single-ended amplitudes of the TX+ and TX- signals. This
parameter shall be measured and met with both the HFTP and MFTP patterns. Clock-like patterns are used
here to enable the use of standard mode-based amplitude measurements for the sole purpose of determining
imbalance. Due to characteristics of the MFTP, it is required that the measurement points be taken at 0.5UI
of the 2nd bit within the pattern. All amplitude values for this measurement shall be the statistical mode
measured at 0.5UI nominal over a minimum of 10,000UI The amplitude imbalance value for each pattern
is then determined by the equation:
absolute value(TX+ amplitude - TX- amplitude) / ((TX+ amplitude + TX- amplitude)/2)
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for HFTP and MFTP when it needs those patterns.
When prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep
products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the rise/fall imbalance test in the report
generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The TX Amplitude Imbalance value shall be less than 10% for Gen1x, Gen2i, Gen2m, and Gen2x products.
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27
SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Test MOI v.1.1 Revision 1.4
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Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
28
SATA PHY, TSG & OOB Test MOI v.1.1 Revision 1.4
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Test TSG-07 - Gen1 (1.5Gbps) TJ at Connector, Clock to Data, Fbaud/10
(Obsolete)
Note: This test is no longer required. It has been left here only for historical reference.
Purpose: Data-to-Data jitter is a measure of variance in the zero crossing times of edges at a fixed time
(tn) equal to an integer number of Unit intervals (n) after triggering on data edges (t0). Since t0 is triggered
from the serial signal rather than a Reference Clock the resulting measurements do represent a
combination of the jitter at t0 and tn.
References:
[1] SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.7 – TJ at Connector, Clock to Data,
Fbaud/10
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
This measurement is no longer defined in Serial ATA Revision 3.0 and later.
Test TSG-08 - Gen1 (1.5Gbps) DJ at Connector, Clock to Data, Fbaud/10
(Obsolete)
Note: This test is no longer required. It has been left here only for historical reference.
Purpose: Data-to-Data jitter is a measure of variance in the zero crossing times of edges at a fixed time
(tn) equal to an integer number of Unit intervals (n) after triggering on data edges (t0). Since t0 is triggered
from the serial signal rather than a Reference Clock the resulting measurements do represent a
combination of the jitter at t0 and tn.
References:
[1]
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.8 – DJ at Connector, Clock to Data,
Fbaud/10
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
This measurement is no longer defined in Serial ATA Revision 3.0 and later.
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Test TSG-09 - Gen1 (1.5Gbps) TJ at Connector, Clock to Data, Fbaud/500
(JTF Defined)
Purpose: To verify that the TJ at Connector (Clock to Data, Fbaud/500) of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s)
transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.18
Ibid, 7.3.2, 7.4.8
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.9 – TJ at Connector, Clock to Data,
Fbaud/500
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the TJ at Connector (Clock, 500). Reference [2] provides the definition of
this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this
test.
For products which support 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, this requirement must be tested at 1.5Gb/s.
For the Integrator’s List test program jitter measurements are required to be made with HFTP and LBP, and
optionally with SSOP.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for HFTP, LBP and/or SSOP when it needs those
patterns. When prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or
keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the Gen II TJ test in the report generated at
the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The TJ shall be less than 0.37UI for Gen1 products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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Test TSG-10 - Gen1 (1.5Gbps) DJ at Connector, Clock to Data, Fbaud/500
(JTF Defined)
Purpose: To verify that the DJ at Connector (Clock to Data, Fbaud/500) of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s)
transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.18
Ibid, 7.3.2, 7.4.8
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.10 – DJ at Connector, Clock to Data,
Fbaud/500
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the DJ at Connector (Clock to Data, Fbaud/500). Reference [2] provides
the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test.
For products which support 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, this requirement must be tested at 1.5Gb/s.
For the Integrator’s List test program jitter measurements are required to be made with HFTP and LBP, and
optionally with SSOP.
Test Setup:
This test result is derived at the same time as TSG-09. Therefore, no setup change is needed for TSG-10.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the Gen II TJ test in the report generated at
the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The DJ shall be less than 0.19UI for Gen1 products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
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Test TSG-11 - Gen2 (3.0Gbps) TJ at Connector, Clock to Data, Fbaud/500
(JTF Defined)
Purpose: To verify that the TJ at Connector (Clock, 500) of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within
the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.18
Ibid, 7.3.2, 7.4.8
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.11 – TJ at Connector, Clock to Data,
Fbaud/500
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the TJ at Connector (Clock to data, Fbaud/500). Reference [2] provides
the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test.
For products which support 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, this requirement must be tested at 3Gb/s.
For the Integrator’s List test program jitter measurements are required to be made with HFTP and LBP, and
optionally with SSOP.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for HFTP, LBP and/or SSOP when it needs those
patterns. When prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or
keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the Gen II TJ test in the report generated at
the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The TJ shall be less than 0.37UI for 3.0Gb/s products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test TSG-12 - Gen2 (3.0Gbps) DJ at Connector, Clock to Data, Fbaud/500
(JTF Defined)
Purpose: To verify that the DJ at Connector (Clock, 500) of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within
the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.18
Ibid, 7.3.2, 7.4.8
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.12 – DJ at Connector, Clock to data,
Fbaud/500
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the DJ at Connector (Clock to Data, Fbaud/500). Reference [2] provides
the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test.
For products which support 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, this requirement must be tested at 3Gb/s.
For the Integrator’s List test program jitter measurements are required to be made with HFTP and LBP, and
optionally with SSOP.
Test Setup:
This test result is derived at the same time as TSG-11. Therefore, no setup change is needed for TSG-12.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the Gen II TJ test in the report generated at
the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The DJ shall be less than 0.19UI when measured at fBAUD/500 for Gen2 products.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test TSG-13 - Gen3 (6.0Gbps) Transmit Jitter before and after CIC, Clock
to Data (JTF Defined)
Purpose: To verify that the TJ of the product’s transmitter is within the conformance limits, both at the near-end
connector compliance point and at the far-end of the Compliance Interconnect Channel (CIC).
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.18
Ibid, 7.3.2.4, 7.4.8, 7.4.10
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.13 – Gen3 (6Gb/s) Transmit Jitter
Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the TJ both at the near-end connector compliance point and at the far-end
of the compliance Interconnect Channel (CIC). Reference [2] provides the definition of this term for the
purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
This test requirement is only applicable to products running at 6Gb/s.
For the Integrator’s List test program jitter measurements are required to be made with HFTP, MFTP,
LFTP, SSOP and LBP. RJ is measured as an RMS value directly from the transmitter connector
(compliance interface) into a laboratory load using the MFTP pattern. The RMS RJ value is multiplied by
14 to compute its peak-to-peak value at a BER level of 10E-12. RJpp measured must not exceed 0.18 UI.
Total Jitter is then measured both before and after the CIC channel at a BER level of 10E-12 and must not
exceed 0.34 UI + RJpp measured. Unlike the jitter measurements for 3Gb/s and 1.5Gb/s, the TJ limits
allowed for products running at 6Gb/s are dynamic and dependent on the amount of measured RJ. SATA
ECN-39 outlines modified provision to TSG-13 where TJ peak-to-peak value at BER levels of 10E-6 and
10E-12 are evaluated. The Compliance Interconnect Channel for this test is implemented as a frequencydomain filter created from the standard SATA_CIC_Spec.s4p file, which includes both frequency and
phase information as measured directly from the hardware CIC model defined in [1]. Implementation of
the CIC in this fashion allows for no disruption of the laboratory load connection during jitter testing, and
prevents the addition of additional cabling loss between the product under test and the laboratory load.
Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for HFTP, MFTP, LFTP, LBP and/or SSOP when
it needs those patterns. When prompted, follow the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS
patterns. Or keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
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This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the 6Gb/s TJ test in the report generated at
the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
• RJ measured (RJmeas) at a maximum of 0.18 UI into a Laboratory Load before the Compliance Interconnect
Channel (CIC) when measured using the specified JTF (for products running at 6Gb/s) (Informative Only)
• TJ measured at a maximum of (RJmeas) + 0.34 UI into a Laboratory Load before the CIC when measured
using the specified JTF (for products running at 6Gb/s) (Informative Only)
• TJ measured at a maximum of (RJmeas) + 0.34 UI into a Laboratory Load after the CIC when measured
using the specified JTF (for products running at 6Gb/s) (Informative Only)
• TJ values at 10E-6 and 10E-12 measured at a maximum of 0.46 UI and 0.52 UI respectively into a
Laboratory Load after the CIC when measured using the specified JTF (for products running at 6Gb/s)
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test TSG-14 - Gen3 (6.0Gbps) Transmitter Maximum Differential
Voltage Amplitude
Purpose: To verify that the Maximum Amplitude of the product’s transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.7
Ibid, 7.4.3, 7.4.5
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.14 – Gen3 (6Gb/s) Maximum
Differential Voltage Amplitude
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. The maximum
differential amplitude shall be measured at the TX Compliance point into a Lab Load. A Gen3 MFTP shall
be used for this compliance measurement. The MFTP will contain emphasis due to its run length, if the
transmitter supports this signal conditioning, and allows for simple edge triggering for the signal capture.
The maximum amplitude is defined as the peak to peak value of the average of 500 waveforms
measured over a time span of 4 Gen3 UI, using the HBWS. Reference [2] provides the definition of this
term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
This test requirement is only applicable to products running at 6Gb/s.
Peak-to-Peak Voltage Measurement of 500 Time-Averaged acquisitions of 4 consecutive MFTP UI
Test Setup:
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1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for MFTP when needed. When prompted, follow
the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the 6Gb/s Transmitter Maximum Amplitude
test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The 6Gb/s transmitter differential amplitude shall be less than or equal to 900mVpp.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test TSG-15 - Gen3 (6.0Gbps) Transmitter Minimum Differential Voltage
Amplitude
Purpose: To verify that the Minimum Amplitude of the product’s transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.7
Ibid, 7.3.2.4, 7.4.3
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.15 – Gen3(6Gb/s) Minimum
Differential Voltage Amplitude
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. Reference [2]
provides the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the
measurement requirements for this test.
The minimum TX differential amplitude is a measurement of the minimum eye opening terminated into a
laboratory load after the CIC, projected to a 1E-12 BER contour at the 50% location of the bit interval. The
Lone-Bit Pattern (LBP) is used for this measurement, and the 50% eye location is determined by the
compliant, JTF-defined PLL clock recovery defined in [3].
This test requirement is only applicable to products running at 6Gb/s.
Minimum Voltage Measurement of LBP at JTF-Defined clock location (50%) at BER level of 1E-12
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Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for LBP when needed. When prompted, follow
the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the 6Gb/s Transmitter Minimum Amplitude
test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The 6Gb/s transmitter differential amplitude shall be greater than or equal to 240mVpp.
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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Test TSG-16 - Gen3 (6.0Gbps) Transmitter AC Common Mode Voltage
Purpose: To verify that the AC Common Mode Voltage of the product’s transmitter is within the conformance
limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 31 – Transmitted Signal Requirements
Ibid, 7.2.2.2.12
Ibid, 7.4.21
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.15.16 – Gen3(6Gb/s) AC Common Mode
Voltage
[5] Pre-Test MOI
Resource Requirements:
Same as for TSG-01.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. Reference [2]
provides the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the
measurement requirements for this test.
The common mode signal is created by summing TX+ with TX- and dividing by two. It is imperative to
have completely deskewed the measurement inputs of the laboratory load out to the compliance point to
minimize any common mode components due to phase misalignment. AC common mode voltage is
measured in the frequency domain, using a Gaussian windowing method, similar to a spectrum analyzer.
Resolution bandwidth for this measurement is set to 1MHz. The span for the measurement of the
fundamental frequency at 3GHz is from -5350ppm to +350ppm relative to 3GHz. The span for the
measurement of the 2nd harmonic at 6GHz is from -5350ppm to +350ppm, relative to 6GHz.
This test requirement is only applicable to products running at 6Gb/s.
At 3GHz, -28.70dBm +
43.9794 = 15.28dBmV
At 6GHz, -44.04dBm +
43.9794 = -0.06dBmV
Frequency domain measurement of 3GHz and 6GHz common mode voltage magnitude
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Test Setup:
1. The N5411B SATA compliance software will prompt for HFTP when needed. When prompted, follow
the procedures in reference [5] to enable those BIST-TAS patterns. Or keep products in BIST-L.
2. Plug the test fixture into the products. The test fixture is connected to channels 1 and 3 of the scope by
two 36” SMA cables (Rosenberger or equivalent). OBSERVE the signal on the scope. If it is correct, press
OK in the N5411B prompt. If not, the products did not properly handle BIST Activate FIS; a non-standard
way to make it produce the desired pattern will be required.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the 6Gb/s Transmitter AC Common Mode
Voltage test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The Transmitter shall not deliver more output voltage than the following limits:
•
Fundamental (3 GHz): Max = 26 dBmV(pk)
•
2nd Harmonic (6 GHz): Max = 30 dBmV(pk)
Possible Problems:
Some products may not support disconnect during the process of enabling BIST and testing. For these
products, refer to the Disconnect sections of reference [5] for setup requirement.
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PHY OOB REQUIREMENTS
Overview:
This group of tests verifies the Phy OOB Requirements, as defined in Section 2.18 of the
SATA Interoperability Unified Test Document, v1.4 (which references the Serial ATA Revision
3.0).
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Test OOB-01 – OOB Signal Detection Threshold
Purpose: To verify that the OOB Signal Detection Threshold of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) receiver is
within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.2
Ibid, 7.4.24
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.18.1 – OOB Signal Detection Threshold
Resource Requirements:
• Agilent Agilent DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A
(32GHz, 28GHz, 25GHz, 20GHz and 16GHz bandwidth, 80GS/s per channel) or Agilent DSA91204A
(12GHz bandwidth, 40GS/s per channel)
• Agilent N5411B SATA Electrical Performance Validation and Compliance Test Software
• Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICT-Lanto SATA Receptacle
Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATA-NE/ZP test adapter or
equivalent
• Agilent 81134A 2-channel 3.35GHz Pulse/Pattern Generator
• Agilent 8493C-020 20dB DC-26.5GHz Passive Attenuator (Qty. 2 needed)
• Agilent 11636B Power Divider (not power splitter) DC-26.5GHz (Qty. 2 needed)
• Agilent 5062-6681 6-inch SMA cable (Qty. 4 needed to mix 81134A outputs for OOB testing)
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1/02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the OOB Signal Detection Threshold. Reference [2] provides the
definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test.
This measurement is performed by having the 81134A continuously issue a nominal OOB
COMRESET/COMINIT 6 burst sequence and to monitor the products COMINIT and COMWAKE
response. This test is run twice to ensure that the product correctly responds to a 210mV amplitude OOB
sequence and that the product correctly rejects a 40mV (Gen 1) or 60mV (Gen2 or Gen3) amplitude OOB
sequence. When a device detects COMRESET from the host, it should respond with COMINIT. If the
device supports asynchronous recovery (ASR), then it may send unsolicited COMINITs. The timing of the
COMRESET repetition is then adjusted to ensure an accurate test. When a host detects COMINIT from the
device, it should respond with COMWAKE. If the host supports asynchronous recovery, it may respond
with COMINIT. Usually the host will respond with COMWAKE properly upon receiving every other
COMINIT.
Test Setup:
The following setup diagram, provided in the Agilent N5411B SATA test software prior to running the
OOB tests, will guide the correct connection of the 11636B Power Dividers to the inputs of the 81134A
Pattern Generator using the 5062-6681 short SMA cables. This allows for the electrical idle to be properly
generated by the pattern generator prior to sending the OOB signals to the products. Most pattern
generators cannot generate a tri-state signal with proper electrical idle, and power dividers must be used to
create these tri-level signals from two channels of a dual-state pattern generator output. More information
on this setup procedure can be found in Annex A. In order to maintain the proper differential polarity and
pattern disparity, it is important to ensure that the Channel 1 positive (+) output of the 81134A is mixed
with the Channel 2 negative (-) output of the 81134A, as shown in the following diagram, to provide the
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TX+ signal that will be delivered to the RX+ input on the products. The remaining 81134A data outputs,
Channel 1 negative (-) and Channel 2 positive (+) are mixed together and delivered to the RX- input on the
products through the Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATA-NE/ZP test adapter or
equivalent.
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the
nominal OOB COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the minimum and maximum
voltage threshold conditions for OOB Signal Detections. The Agilent Infiniium oscilloscope, which is
running the N5411B SATA test software, will control the pattern generator stimulus as well as the
oscilloscope acquisition and processing parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of
the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running
each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it may still be necessary to remove power from the
products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a BIST controlled mode and return to
normal operation.
Example OOB Setup for a SATA Device:
OSCILLOSCOPE
Trigger
81134
CH2
20dB Attenuators
Power Divider
DC
Blockers
SATA TEST FIXTURE
2
\
J2
3
\
J3
SATA
DRIVE
(DUT)
CH1 CH CH
4
3
CH1
5
\
J4
6
\
J5
The N5411B software includes a calibration routine to verify the amplitudes for the OOB bursts used to test
OOB minimum threshold detection amplitude at 40mV and 210mV for Gen1 products and 60mV and
210mV for Gen2 or Gen3 products.
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When the 40mV of
differential OOB amplitude is
needed at the products
receiver, then insert the
8493C-020 20dB passive
attenuators here, one on each
of the 11636B power divider
outputs, before the SMA cable
is attached. The voltage
output of the 81134A after the
attenuator is now 10 times
lower than the voltage
selection on the 81134A
output. The sensitivity of the
adjustment is now 0.1mV
instead of 1mV with the
“divide-by-10” attenuator in
place.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the OOB Signal Detection Threshold test in
the report generated at the completion of the testing.
To execute this test on a products which supports ONLY 1.5Gb/s, an OOB burst is issued to the products at
the following voltage threshold limits:
• 40mV (at this limit, the products is expected to NOT DETECT the OOB signaling)
• 210mV (at this limit, the products is expected to DETECT the OOB signaling)
To execute this test on a products which supports 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s, an OOB burst is issued to the products at
the following voltage threshold limits:
• 60mV (at this limit, the products is expected to NOT DETECT the OOB signaling)
• 210mV (at this limit, the products is expected to DETECT the OOB signaling)
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Example Typical products behavior for in specification COMINIT/COMRESET sequence at 210mV
In this figure, the products correctly responds to a valid in-spec COMRESET/COMWAKE OOB
initialization sequence at 210mV, thus passing the threshold test. The other requirement for passing is to
successfully REJECT the same HOST OOB signal sent at 40mV (for Gen 1i) or 60mV (for Gen 2i).
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Example Typical products behavior for out of specification COMINIT/COMRESET sequence at 40mV or
60mV
Observable Results:
Verify that the products consistently response to each COMINIT/COMRESET sequence under the
following sequence parameters:
6 x (COMINIT/COMRESET burst + 480UI gap)
+1 x (45,000UI gap)
Verify that the products respond consistently to each COMINIT sequence when voltage threshold is
changed to 210mV
Verify that the products does not respond consistently when voltage threshold is changed to 40mV (Gen1
only) or 60mV (Gen 2 or Gen3)
Pass/Fail Criteria
• For products running at 1.5Gb/s ONLY:
o Verification of NO products OOB detection at 40mV
o Verification of products OOB detection at 210mV
o If any of the above cases fails, this is considered a failure by the products.
• For products running at 3Gb/s or 6Gb/s:
o Verification of NO products OOB detection at 60mV
o Verification of products OOB detection at 210mV
o If any of the above cases fails, this is considered a failure by the products.
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Test OOB-02 – UI During OOB Signaling
Purpose: To verify that the UI During OOB Signaling of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within the
conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.3
Ibid, 7.4.14
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.18.2 – UI During OOB Signaling
Resource Requirements:
o Agilent Agilent DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A
(32GHz, 28GHz, 25GHz, 20GHz and 16GHz bandwidth, 80GS/s per channel) or Agilent DSA91204A
(12GHz bandwidth, 40GS/s per channel)
o Agilent N5411B SATA Electrical Performance Validation and Compliance Test Software
o Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R or ICT-Lanto SATA Receptacle
Gen 3 TF-1R31 or Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATA-NE/ZP test adapter or
equivalent
o Agilent 81134A 2-channel 3.35GHz Pulse/Pattern Generator
o Agilent 11636B Power Divider (not power splitter) DC-26.5GHz (Qty. 2 needed)
o Agilent 5062-6681 6-inch SMA cable (Qty. 4 needed to mix 81134A outputs for OOB testing)
See Appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the UI During OOB Signaling. Reference [2] provides the definition of this term
for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Test Setup:
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the
nominal OOB COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the min in-spec, max in-spec, min
out-of-spec and max out-of-spec timing conditions for inter-burst gaps. The Agilent oscilloscope, which is
running the N5411B SATA test software, will control both the pattern generator stimulus as well as the
oscilloscope acquisition and processing parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of
the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running
each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it may still be necessary to remove power from the
products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a BIST controlled mode and return to
normal operation.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the UI During OOB Signaling test in the
report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The Mean UI During OOB Signaling value shall be between 646.67 and 686.67ps.
Possible Problems:
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Test OOB-03 – COMINIT/RESET and COMWAKE Transmit Burst Length
Purpose: To verify that the COMINIT/RESET and COMWAKE Transmit Burst Length of the Product Under
Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.4
Ibid, 7.4.2251
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.18.3 – COMINIT/RESET and COMWAKE
Transmit Burst Length
Resource Requirements:
Same as for OOB-02.
See appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the COMINIT/RESET and COMWAKE Transmit Burst Length. Reference [2]
provides the definition of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement
requirements for this test.
Test Setup:
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the nominal OOB
COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the min in-spec, max in-spec, min out-of-spec and max
out-of-spec timing conditions for inter-burst gaps. The Agilent oscilloscope, which is running the N5411B SATA
test software, will control both the pattern generator stimulus as well as the oscilloscope acquisition and processing
parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A
COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it
may still be necessary to remove power from the products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a
BIST controlled mode and return to normal operation.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the products COMINIT and COMWAKE
Transmit Burst Length test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The products COMINIT and COMWAKE Transmit Burst Length value shall be between the minimum and
maximum values of UIOOB multiplied by 160. Numerically, the COMINIT and COMWAKE burst lengths
should be between 103.5 ns and 109.9 ns, which is 160 times the Min and Max UIOOB specification limits
of 646.67ps and 686.67ps, respectively. Note that this measurement is made as the longest burst length
between the +100mV threshold crossing and -100mV threshold crossing within each
COMRESET/COMINIT/COMWAKE burst.
Possible Problems:
If this measurement is only made at the +100mV or -100mV threshold, some bits in the OOB burst will not
be measured correctly and may result in a measurement failure.
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Test OOB-04 – COMINIT/RESET Transmit Gap Length
Purpose: To verify that the COMINIT/RESET Transmit Gap Length of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s)
transmitter is within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.5
Ibid, 7.4.25
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.17.4 – COMINIT/RESET Transmit Gap
Length
Resource Requirements:
Same as for OOB-02.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the COMINIT/RESET Transmit Gap Length. Reference [2] provides the definition
of this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Test Setup:
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the
nominal OOB COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the min in-spec, max in-spec, min
out-of-spec and max out-of-spec timing conditions for inter-burst gaps. The Agilent oscilloscope, which is
running the N5411B SATA test software, will control both the pattern generator stimulus as well as the
oscilloscope acquisition and processing parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of
the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running
each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it may still be necessary to remove power from the
products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a BIST controlled mode and return to
normal operation.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the products COMINIT/RESET Transmit
Gap Length test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The COMINIT/RESET Transmit Gap Length value shall be between the minimum and maximum values of
UIOOB multiplied by 480. Numerically, the COMINIT and COMRESET gap lengths should be between
310.4 ns and 329.6 ns, which is 480 times the Min and Max UIOOB specification limits of 646.67ps and
686.67ps, respectively. Note that this measurement is made as the longest burst length between the
+100mV
threshold
crossing
and
-100mV
threshold
crossing
within
each
COMRESET/COMINIT/COMWAKE burst.
Possible Problems:
If this measurement is only made at the +100mV or -100mV threshold, some bits in the OOB burst will not
be measured correctly and may result in a measurement failure.
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Example N5411B OOB Output Report: This is a section of the HTML output report that illustrates and quantifies
the COMINIT and COMWAKE Transmit Gap Lengths.
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Test OOB-05 – COMWAKE Transmit Gap Length
Purpose: To verify that the COMWAKE Transmit Gap Length of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) transmitter is
within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.6
Ibid, 7.4.25
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.18.5 – COMWAKE Transmit Gap Length
Resource Requirements:
Same as for OOB-02.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the COMWAKE Transmit Gap Length. Reference [2] provides the definition of
this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Test Setup:
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the
nominal OOB COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the min in-spec, max in-spec, min
out-of-spec and max out-of-spec timing conditions for inter-burst gaps. The Agilent oscilloscope, which is
running the N5411B SATA test software, will control both the pattern generator stimulus as well as the
oscilloscope acquisition and processing parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of
the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running
each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it may still be necessary to remove power from the
products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a BIST controlled mode and return to
normal operation.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the products COMWAKE Transmit Gap
Length test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
The COMWAKE Transmit Gap Length value shall be between the minimum and maximum values of
UIOOB multiplied by 160. Numerically, the COMWAKE gap lengths should be between 103.5 ns and 109.9
ns, which is 160 times the Min and Max UIOOB specification limits of 646.67ps and 686.67ps, respectively.
Note that this measurement is made as the longest burst length between the +100mV threshold crossing and
-100mV threshold crossing within each COMRESET/COMINIT/COMWAKE burst.
Possible Problems:
If this measurement is only made at the +100mV or -100mV threshold, some bits in the OOB burst will not
be measured correctly and may result in a measurement failure.
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Example N5411B OOB Output Report: This is a section of the HTML output report that illustrates and quantifies
the COMINIT and COMWAKE Transmit Gap Lengths.
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Test OOB-06 – COMWAKE Gap Detection Windows
Purpose: To verify that the COMWAKE Gap Detection Windows of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) receiver are
within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.7
Ibid, 7.4.25
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.18.6 –COMWAKE Gap Detection
Windows
Resource Requirements:
Same as for OOB-02.
See Appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: May 7, 2006 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the COMWAKE Gap Detection Windows. Reference [2] provides the definition of
this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Test Setup:
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the
nominal OOB COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the min in-spec, max in-spec, min
out-of-spec and max out-of-spec timing conditions for inter-burst gaps. The Agilent oscilloscope, which is
running the N5411B SATA test software, will control both the pattern generator stimulus as well as the
oscilloscope acquisition and processing parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of
the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running
each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it may still be necessary to remove power from the
products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a BIST controlled mode and return to
normal operation.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the products COMWAKE Gap Detection
Windows test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
Verify that the products consistently response to each COMINIT/COMWAKE sequence under the
following sequence parameters:
6 x (COMINIT/COMRESET burst + 480UI gap) +
1 x (45,000UI gap) +
6 x (COMWAKE burst + 160UI gap) +
1 x (130,000UI gap)
Verify that the product continues response to each COMINIT/COMRESET/COMWAKE sequence when
COMWAKE gap is changed to 153UI and 167UI.
Verify that the product does not enter speed negotiation when COMWAKE gap is changed to 45UI and
266UI.
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Example Typical products behavior for nominal COMINIT/COMRESET and COMWAKE gaps:
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Example of products’s response to out of specification COMINIT/COMRESET and COMWAKE gaps:
Possible Problems:
NOTE : There is no timing requirement for how soon following a products COMWAKE which the
products must respond with a products COMWAKE. For test efficiency purposes, a tester is only required
to wait for verification of products COMWAKE up to 100ms following de-qualification of products
COMWAKE.
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Test OOB-07 – COMINIT Gap Detection Windows
Purpose: To verify that the COMINIT Gap Detection Windows of the Product Under Test’s (PUT’s) receiver are
within the conformance limits.
References:
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.1, Table 34 – OOB Specifications
Ibid, 7.2.2.6.8
Ibid, 7.4.25
SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document, 2.18.7 – COMINIT Gap Detection Windows
Resource Requirements:
Same as for OOB-02.
See Appendix A for details.
Last Template Modification: March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
Reference [1] specifies the Transmitted Signal conformance limits for SATA products. This specification
includes conformance limits for the COMINIT Gap Detection Windows. Reference [2] provides the definition of
this term for the purposes of SATA testing. Reference [3] defines the measurement requirements for this test.
Test Setup:
The OOB Tests are designed to be run concurrently for simplicity. Since the initiation of a COMRESET
from a products or pattern generator will force a hard reset in a products, the following OOB tests can all be
performed using an Agilent 81134A 3.35Gbps Programmable Pulse/Pattern Generator to generate the
nominal OOB COMRESET and COMWAKE bursts, as well as to stress the min in-spec, max in-spec, min
out-of-spec and max out-of-spec timing conditions for inter-burst gaps. The Agilent oscilloscope, which is
running the N5411B SATA test software, will control both the pattern generator stimulus as well as the
oscilloscope acquisition and processing parameters, providing fully automated control and repeatability of
the OOB test sequence in successive fashion. A COMRESET is issued from the generator prior to running
each test to ensure products reset, but in some cases, it may still be necessary to remove power from the
products under test temporarily to allow the products to exit from a BIST controlled mode and return to
normal operation.
Test Procedure:
This parameter is covered by Agilent Technologies, Inc. N5411B automated SATA compliance software,
revision 1.02 or later. Either “PASS” or “FAIL” is shown for the products COMINIT Gap Detection
Windows test in the report generated at the completion of the testing.
Observable Results:
Verify that the products consistently response to each COMINIT/COMWAKE sequence under the
following sequence parameters:
6 x (COMINIT/COMRESET burst + 480UI gap)
+1 x (45,000UI gap)
Verify that the products continues response to each COMINIT/COMWAKE sequence when COMINIT gap
is changed to 459UI and 501UI.
Verify that the products does not enter speed negotiation when COMINIT gap is changed to 259UI and
791UI.
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Example Typical products behavior for in specification COMINIT gaps:
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Example of products’s response to out of specification COMINIT gaps:
Possible Problems:
NOTE: A products must respond by transmitting COMINIT within 10ms of de-qualification of a received
COMRESET signal (see section 8.4 of Serial ATA Revision 2.6). With this in mind, a test only needs to wait up to
11ms following de-qualification of COMRESET to ensure that the products is responding. If no COMINIT is
received in this timeframe, this is considered a failure by the products to this test.
NOTE: In a case where a products supports Asynchronous Signal Recovery, it is possible that a products may
transmit COMINIT pro-actively and not in direct response to a COMRESET. In verification of this test
requirement, it is essential that the tester be able to extract any COMINIT response which may be as a result of
Asynchronous Signal Recovery, and simply verify COMINIT responses as a result of COMRESET receipt from the
products.
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Appendix A – Information on Required Resources
Equipment referred to in this document is described here, or references to available resources are cited.
Information on the Agilent DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A
Infiniium 32GHz, 28GHz, 25GHz, 20GHz and 16GHz real time oscilloscopes, and Agilent DSA91204A Infiniium
12GHz real time oscilloscopes and 30GHz InfiniiMax active voltage probes can be found at:
http://www.agilent.com/find/90000x-series and http://agilent.com/find/90000a.
The N5411B Serial ATA Electrical Performance Validation and Compliance Test Software datasheet and video
demonstration can be found at the following URL. The N5411B datasheet contains a list of necessary test
connectors and additional hardware/software products in the ‘Ordering Information’ section for completing the full
set of SATA-IO IW PHY, TSG and OOB tests:
http://www.agilent.com/find/N5411B
A picture of the Wilder Technologies SATA Gen3 Receptacle Adapter SATA-TPA-R test fixture or equivalent is
shown below for reference. Information about the test fixture can be obtained from their website at:
http://www.wilder-tech.com/sata.htm
A picture of the ICT-Lanto SATA Receptacle Gen 3 TF-1R31 test fixture or equivalent is shown below for
reference. Information about the test fixture can be obtained from their website at:
http://www.ict-lanto.com/product/
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A picture of the Crescent Heart Software TF-SATA-NE/ZP or TF-eSATA-NE/ZP test adapter or equivalent is
shown below for reference. The TF-SATA-NE/ZP has four SMA(f) connectors labeled appropriately to connect to
Host TX+ (HT+), Host TX- (HT-), Host RX+ (HR+) and Host RX- (HR-). Information about the Crescent Heart
Software test fixtures can be obtained from their website at:
http://www.c-h-s.com/tf-sata.shtml
The Agilent Technologies N5421A Receptacle and Plug test fixtures are shown below for reference. The fixtures
have four SMA(f) connectors and a power supply connector. Information about Agilent test fixtures can be found at:
www.agilent.com/find/sata
NOTE: The SATA cable end connector on the fixture is fragile. Support the cables connected to the fixture during
connection, testing and disconnect. Do not let their weight be supported by torque on the SATA connector. When
unplugging the fixture between tests, grasp the sides of the SATA connector, not the PCB mated to the SATA
connector. The easiest way to set up the cables and test fixture for testing is to loosely connect all SMA connectors
to the test fixture prior to aligning the SATA connector to the product’s SATA connector, then tighten the SMA
connections using wrenches once the proper alignment of the SATA connectors is achieved. This will prevent
damage to the test connector, and help to ensure a longer life for this sensitive test fixture.
Information about the ULINK Technology, Inc. DriveMaster 2008 and 2010 software can be obtained from their
website at:
http://www.ulinktech.com
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Information about SerialTek BusMod BusGen BIST Generator as an alternate BIST mode and pattern generation
tool can be found from their website at:
http://www.serialtek.com/busmod_sassata_errorinjector.asp
Example N5411B Product Test Initial Setup
Procedure
1.
To start the N5411B Application, invoke it from the Analyze->Automated Test Apps->SATA menu tree in
the Infiniium Oscilloscope interface.
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2.
Next, choose the type of products that you wish to test and associate the 81134A Programmable Pattern
Generator LAN connection with the N5411B SATA application.
3.
2) Select Gen II (3.0Gbps)
1) Select Device Type
3) Select i (internal
cable interface)
6) Get IDN
5) Enter the 81134A IP address
4) Select Configure Device
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4.
Then, click on the “Select Tests” tab and choose the tests that you would like to run. If all tests are desired
to be run, then only the top of the main tree needs to be selected. Only the tests for your products/PUT type
and speed are shown in the tree based on your inputs from the previous setup step.
5.
Next click on the “Configure Tab” to verify proper setup of the application connection points. The SATA
II: Electrical Specification 1.0 currently offers two independent test mode for SATA products or products
vendors.
A. Vendor specific test mode – user must have a method of creating the necessary LFTP, MFTP,
HFTP, LBP and SSOP test patterns per the above specification, Sections 6.2.4.3 and 6.4.11. This
mode would be selected to support BIST-T,A,S mode and will prompt the user for pattern changes
when needed to ensure testing with the correct pattern.
B. Far-end Retimed Loopback (FERL) mode – REQUIRED for all SATA designs per the above
specification, Section 6.2.3. Users will need to enable this FERL feature via a BIST Activate
(Bidirectional) FIS command set, with the Loopback (L-bit) asserted. In this mode, the Transmit
Only (T-bit), Align bypass (A-bit) and Bypass Scrambling (S-bit) are normally all de-asserted, but
will be ignored if the L-bit is asserted. In FERL mode, the 81134A will be programmed to send
the required compliance patterns at the appropriate time, thereby automating the user’s
products/PUT test solution completely and allowing for simple and quicker test transitions.
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Enable Far-End
Retimed Loopback
Then you’re ready to run your selected tests. You
will be prompted to check the connection to your
products, but we’ve already validated that above.
6.
Next you will see each one of the tests being performed automatically by the application. A running total
of completed tests and a summary of pass/failed tests is also provided. When completed you will see a
summary of the test results.
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7.
Click on the “HTML Report” tab to view a more detailed summary of the testing that includes screen shots
taken from the scope.
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Appendix B – Cable Deskew Procedure
This procedure must be performed before measurements are made, and whenever the skew between the positive and
negative data input lines may have changed (i.e. cables have been disconnected and reconnected perhaps on the
other side of the diff pair). It is always a good practice to allow any real-time oscilloscope or high-performance
electronic instrumentation to warm-up for at least 20 minutes prior to deskewing channels to allow all critical input
circuitry to achieve a steady state at the ambient operating temperature.
Important note: SMA connectors should always be tightened and removed with a calibrated torque wrench designed
for that purpose. The torque wrench should limit torque to 5 inch-pounds.
1) Connect one 54855-67604 Precision 7mm (m) to APC 3.5mm (f) adapter each to the inputs of Channel 1
and Channel 3 on the Agilent DSA91204A Infiniium Real-time oscilloscope. These adapters will provide
SMA connector compatibility at full bandwidth (13GHz) to the front-end of the oscilloscope.
2) Attach one 36” SMA cable (Rosenberger or equivalent) each to the 54855-67604 adapters on the Channel 1
and Channel 3 inputs of the Infiniium scope. Channel 1 will eventually connect to the products TX+ and
Channel 3 to the products TX- outputs.
3) Connect any BNC (m) to SMA (m) adapter to the ‘Aux Out’ connector on the front panel of the Infiniium
scope. Now connect the middle input of the Agilent 11636B Power Divider to the SMA connection on the
‘Aux Out’ connector adapter, which will split the Aux Out signal source into two phase-matched and
amplitude balanced outputs.
4) Now attach the SMA cable outputs from Channels 1 & 3 to the remaining two output connections on the
Agilent 11636B Power Divider to complete the deskew connection process.
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5) Referring to the figure below, perform the following steps.
a. Select the File Load Setup menu to open the Load Setup window.
b. Navigate to the directory location that contains the INF_SMA_Deskew.set setup file.
c. Select the INF_SMA_Deskew.set setup file by clicking on it.
d. Click the Load button to configure the oscilloscope from this setup file.
1. Click File Load Setup
2. Then find and select
INF_SMA_Deskew.set
3. Then click here
to load setup file.
6) If the INF_SMA_Deskew.set setup file does not exist, it can be recreated from the following setup
configuration on the Infiniium oscilloscope.
INF_SMA_DESKEW.SET setup file details:
Start from a default setup by pressing the Default Setup key on the front panel. Then configure the
following settings…
Acquisition Averaging on number of averages 16 Interpolation on
Channel 1
Scale 100.0 mV/ Offset –350mV Coupling DC Impedance 50 Ohms
Channel 3
Turn Channel On; Scale 100.0 mV/ Offset –350m V Coupling DC Impedance 50 Ohms
Time base
Scale 200 ps/sec
Trigger
Trigger level –173mV Slope falling
Function 2
Turn on and configure for channel 1 subtract channel 3,
Vertical scale 50 mV/ Offset 100.000 mV
7) The oscilloscope display should look similar to the figure below. A falling edge of the square wave from
Aux Out (approximately a 100ps 20%-80% edge) is shown in a 200ps/div horizontal scale. The upper
portion of the screen shows channel 1 (yellow trace) and channel 3 (purple trace) superimposed on one
another. The lower portion of the screen is the differential signal (green trace) of channel 1 minus channel
3. The top two traces provide for visual inspection of relative time skew between the two channels. The
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bottom trace provides for visual presentation of unwanted differential mode signal resulting from relative
channel skew.
Skew between Channel 1
and Channel 3
Differential signal not
flat, indicating mismatch
in skew.
8) Referring to the following figure, perform the following steps to deskew the channels.
a. Click on the Setup Channel 1 menu to open the Channel Setup window.
b. Move the Channel Setup window to the left so you can see the traces.
c. Adjust the Skew by clicking on the  or arrows, to achieve the flattest response on the
differential signal (green trace).
d.
e.
f.
Click the Close button on the Channel Setup window to close it.
The de-skew operation is complete.
Disconnect the cables from the Tee on the Aux Out BNC. Leave the cables connected to the
Channel 1 and Channel 3 inputs.
NOTE: Each cable is now deskewed for the oscilloscope channel it is connected to. Do not switch cables between
channels or other oscilloscopes, or it will be necessary to deskew them again. It is recommended that the cables be
labeled with the channel they were calibrated for.
9) The figure below shows the desired effect of no skew between the cables. Note that the channel 1 (yellow
trace) & channel 3 (purple trace) traces overlap, and the differential signal (green trace) is flat. If this is not
the case, then repeat the steps in section 8 above.
Appendix C – Verification of Lab Load Return Loss
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Purpose: To provide verification that the measurement instrument meets the Lab Load requirement of the SATA
spec.
References:
[1] Serial ATA Revision 3.0, 7.2.2.4 Lab Load Details
[2] SATA Interoperability Program Unified Test Document
Last Modification: March 25, 2009 (Revision 1.02)
Discussion:
C.1 - Introduction
The Serial ATA Revision 3.0 specifies a requirement for the ‘Lab Load’, which is defined in [1] as the
fixture (not including the SATA connector), cables, DC blocks, and the 50 ohm terminations inside of the HBWS.
Measurement of the setup as specified requires destructive modification to the SATA test fixture, which would not
be representative of interoperability conditions during conformance testing described in [2]. Therefore, a reasonable
approximation to this measurement is to verify the return loss of the instrument, cables and DC blocks used to
perform the measurement (as this is the dominant source of potential reflections due to impedance mismatch,
provided high-quality cables and components are used.)
In this measurement, the return loss of an Agilent DSA91204A Real-Time DSO was measured, using an
Agilent 86100C DCA-J Digital Communications Analyzer with a 54754A 18GHz Differential TDR module. The
DSO was set to 50mv/div vertical resolution, and was actively sampling at 40GS/s during the measurement. The
86100C was set to measure from DC to 20GHz. For documentation and verification purposes, two separate
calibrations were made and two separate measurements performed to validate both the S11 and S22 single-ended
return loss of Channels 1 and 3 of the DSO81304B, as well as the SDD11 differential return loss of the same
channels, respectively. This is done to provide full coverage of any interpretation of the lab load requirement as
stated in [1], either single-ended or differential. The results of both measurement studies are provided in C.2 below.
The setup for the 86100C and 54754A includes a full frame and module calibration using standard SMA
shorts and loads. The vertical scale for channels 1 and 2 is set to 100mV/div and the timebase set to 2.00ns/div, to
ensure that the entire length of the laboratory load is included in the TDR pulse response on the 86100C. The TDR
stimulus edge rate is set to 35ps. Option 202 Enhanced Impedance and S-Parameters measurement software
provides the conversion between the time-domain TDR response and the frequency domain return loss plots. Note:
for single-ended return loss measurements, the TDR Stimulus Mode is set to Single-Ended (see Figure C.1a); for
differential return loss measurements, the TDR Stimulus Mode is set to Differential (see Figure C.1b).
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Figure C.1a TDR Single-ended stimulus setup for Agilent 86100C DCA-J
Figure C.1b TDR Differential stimulus setup for Agilent 86100C DCA-J
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C.2 – Measurement Results
Figure C.2a shows the measured single-ended return loss of the laboratory load, showing that the response
meets the specified limits of >20dB return loss from 100MHz to 5 GHz, and >10 dB from 5GHz to 8GHz for both
channels 1 and 3 on the DSO81304B. Figure C.2b shows the measured differential return loss of the laboratory load.
Figure C.2a Single-ended return loss measurement for Agilent’s DSO81304B laboratory load (including
Rosenberger SMA cables and 11742A DC blocking capacitors)
Figure C.2a Differential return loss measurement for Agilent’s DSA91204A laboratory load (including Rosenberger
SMA cables and 11742A DC blocking capacitors)
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Figure C.2b Differential return loss measurement for Agilent’s DSO81304B laboratory load (including Rosenberger
SMA cables and 11742A DC blocking capacitors)
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Appendix D - Measurement Accuracy Specifications
Measurement:
Accuracy:
Accuracy Source:
PHY-01 UI
PHY-02 Long Term Freq
PHY-03 SSC Freq
PHY-04 SSC Dev
1.2 ps rms
+/- 1ppm
+/- 1ppm
+/- 1ppm
MFTP Measured
Data Sheet
Data Sheet
Data Sheet
TSG-01 Dif Out Volt
TSG-02 Rise Fall Time
TSG-03 Skew
TSG-04 AC Com Mode
2.71mV at 800mVFull Screen
<1ps rms
<100fs rms
<2mV rms at 800mV Full Screen
Data Sheet
TSG-05 Rise Fall Imb
<1.5%
TSG-06 Amp Imb
TSG-07 Tj
<0.5%
800fs rms
MFTP Measured
Data Sheet
TSG-08 Dj
TSG-09 Tj
800fs rms
800fs rms
Data Sheet
Data Sheet
TSG-10 Dj
TSG-11 Tj
TSG-12 Dj
800fs rms
800fs rms
800fs rms
Data Sheet
Data Sheet
Data Sheet
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MFTP with 1UI offset Measured
MFTP with 1UI offset Filtered and
Measured
Fast Edge against inverted signal
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Appendix E – Calibration of Jitter Measurement Devices
Purpose: To calibrate and verify the jitter measurement device (JMD) and associated test setup has a proper
response to jitter and SSC.
References:
[1] SATA Specification Revision 3.0, Section 7.3.2
Resource requirements:
Pattern Generator for SATA signals
Sine wave source, 30kHz, and 0.5MHz to 50MHz.
Test cables
Jitter Measuring Device
Last Template Modification:
March 25, 2009 (Version 1.02)
Discussion:
See Reference [1].
Test Procedure:
The response to jitter of the Jitter Measurement Device (JMD)(the reference clock is part of the JMD) is
measured with three different jitter modulation frequencies corresponding to the three cases: 1) SSC (full tracking)
2) jitter (no tracking) 3) the boundary between SSC and jitter. The jitter source is independently verified by separate
means. This ensures the jitter response of the JMD is reproducible across different test setups.
The three Gen1i test signals are: 1) a 375MHz +/- 0.035% square wave (which is a D24.3, 00110011
pattern) with risetime between 67ps and 136ps 20 to 80% [1] with a sinusoidal phase modulation of 20.8ns +/- 10%
peak to peak at 30kHz +/- 1%. 2) a 375MHz square wave with a sinusoidal phase modulation of 200ps +/- 10%
peak to peak at 50MHz +/- 1%. 3) a 375MHz square wave with no modulation.
The three Gen2i test signals are: 1) a 750MHz +/- 0.035% square wave (which is a D24.3, 00110011
pattern) with risetime between 67ps and 136ps 20 to 80% [1] with a sinusoidal phase modulation of 20.8ns +/- 10%
peak to peak at 30kHz +/- 1%. 2) a 750MHz square wave with a sinusoidal phase modulation of 100ps +/- 10%
peak to peak at 50MHz +/- 1%. 3) a 750MHz square wave with no modulation.
The three Gen3i test signals are: 1) a 1500MHz +/- 0.035% square wave (which is a D24.3, 00110011
pattern) with risetime between 33ps and 67ps (20 to 80%) [1] with a sinusoidal phase modulation of 1.0ns +/- 10%
peak to peak at 420kHz +/- 1%. 2) a 1500MHz square wave with a sinusoidal phase modulation of 50ps +/- 10%
peak to peak at 50MHz +/- 1%. 3) a 1500MHz square wave with no modulation.
An independent separate means of verification of the test signals is used to make sure the level of the
modulation is correct.
The test procedure checks two conditions: the JTF attenuation and the JTF bandwidth. Care is taken to
minimize the number of absolute measurements taken, making most relative; this reduces the dependencies and
improves accuracy.
1.
For Gen1 and Gen 2 calibration, adjust the pattern generator for a D24.3 pattern (00110011, with a risetime
within specified limits) modulation to produce a 30 KHz +/- 1%, 20.8 ns p-p +/- 10% sinusoidal phase
modulation. For Gen 3 calibration, adjust the pattern generator for a D24.3 pattern (00110011, with a
risetime within specified limits) modulation to produce a 420kHz +/- 1%, 1.0 ns p-p +/- 10% sinusoidal
phase modulation.
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2.
Verify the level of modulation meets the requirements and record the p-p level, DJSSC. This is done with
a Time Interval Error (TIE) type measurement or equivalent.
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3.
Apply test signal to the JMD. Turn off the sinusoidal phase modulation. Record the reported DJ,
DJSSCOFF.
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4.
Turn on the sinusoidal phase modulation. Record the reported DJ, DJSSCON.
5.
Calculate and record the level of measured DJ by subtracting the DJ with modulation off from DJ with
modulation on, DJMSSC = DJSSCON - DJSSCOFF. Calculate the jitter attenuation by
20Log(DJMSSC / DJSSC). This value must fall within the range of –72dB +/- 3dB for Gen1 or Gen 2.
The value must fall within the range of -38.2dB +/-3dB for Gen3. Adjust the JMD settings to match this
requirement.
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6.
Adjust the pattern generator for a D24.3 pattern (00110011) and modulation to produce a 50 MHz +/-1%,
0.3 UI p-p +/- 10% (200ps for Gen1i or 100ps for Gen2i or 50ps for Gen3i) sinusoidal phase modulation,
also known as periodic jitter, PJ.
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7.
Verify the level of modulation meets the requirements and record the p-p level, DJM. This is done with a
Time Interval Error (TIE) type measurement or equivalent.
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8.
Apply test signal to the JMD. Turn off the sinusoidal phase modulation. Record the reported DJ,
DJMOFF.
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9.
Turn on the sinusoidal phase modulation. Record the reported DJ, DJMON.
10. Calculate the difference in reported DJ for these two cases, DJMM = DJMON - DJMOFF Calculate the 3dB value: DJ3DB = DJMM * 0.707
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11. Adjust the frequency of the PJ source to 2.1MHz for Gen1 or Gen2 calibration, 4.2MHz for Gen3
calibration
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12. Measure the reported DJ difference between PJ on versus PJ off DJ = DJON - DJOFF and compare to the
(DJ -3dB) value, DJ3DB. Shift the frequency of the PJ source until the reported DJ difference between PJ
on versus PJ off is equal to (DJ -3dB). The PJ frequency is the -3dB BW of the JTF; record this value
F3DB.
13. Adjust the JMD settings to bring the PJ –3dB frequency to 2.1MHz +/- 1MHz for Gen1 or Gen2
calibration, 4.2MHz +/- 1MHz for Gen3 calibration. Repeat steps 4 through 12 until both the jitter
attenuation and 3dB frequency are in the acceptable ranges.
a. For Agilent’s DSAX93204A, DSAX92804A, DSAX92504A, DSAX92004A and DSAX91604A
and DSA91204A Infiniium Oscillocope, the clock recovery settings used to achieve the JTF
calibration requirements are:
Gen 1: 2nd order PLL, Loop Bandwidth = 2.10 MHz, Damping Factor = 0.767
Gen 2: 2nd order PLL, Loop Bandwidth = 2.10 MHz, Damping Factor = 0.767
Gen 3: 2nd order PLL, Loop Bandwidth = 4.20 MHz, Damping Factor = 0.767
b. These settings meet the JTF calibration requirements at all data rates
c. These settings are the same for the DSO81304A Infiniium Oscilloscope
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14. Check the peaking of the JTF. Adjust the pattern generator for a D24.3 pattern and modulation to produce
sinusoidal phase modulation (PJ) at the –3dB BW frequency found above, and 0.3 UI p-p +/- 10% (200ps
for Gen1i or 100ps for Gen2i or 50ps for Gen3i). Increase the frequency of the modulation to find the
maximum reported DJ; it is not necessary to increase beyond 20MHz. Measure the reported DJ difference
between PJ on versus PJ off, DJPK = DJPKON - DJPKOFF. Record this DJ difference (DJPK) and
frequency, F3PK.
15. Calculate the JTF Peaking value: 20Log (DJPK / DJMM). Record this value.
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Worksheet Results Example for Gen1/2 JTF Calibration
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