RAD Data comm E1 Interface Converter RIC-E1 Specifications

Installation and Operation Manual
RIC-E1
E1 Interface Converter
RIC-E1
E1 Interface Converter
Installation and Operation Manual
Notice
This manual contains information that is proprietary to RAD Data Communications Ltd. ("RAD"). No
part of this publication may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without prior written approval by
RAD Data Communications.
Right, title and interest, all information, copyrights, patents, know-how, trade secrets and other
intellectual property or other proprietary rights relating to this manual and to the RIC-E1 and any
software components contained therein are proprietary products of RAD protected under international
copyright law and shall be and remain solely with RAD.
RIC-E1 is a registered trademark of RAD. No right, license, or interest to such trademark is granted
hereunder, and you agree that no such right, license, or interest shall be asserted by you with respect
to such trademark.
You shall not copy, reverse compile or reverse assemble all or any portion of the Manual or the RIC-E1.
You are prohibited from, and shall not, directly or indirectly, develop, market, distribute, license, or
sell any product that supports substantially similar functionality as the RIC-E1, based on or derived in
any way from the RIC-E1. Your undertaking in this paragraph shall survive the termination of this
Agreement.
This Agreement is effective upon your opening of the RIC-E1 package and shall continue until
terminated. RAD may terminate this Agreement upon the breach by you of any term hereof. Upon
such termination by RAD, you agree to return to RAD the RIC-E1 and all copies and portions thereof.
For further information contact RAD at the address below or contact your local distributor.
International Headquarters
RAD Data Communications Ltd.
U.S. Headquarters
RAD Data Communications Inc.
24 Raoul Wallenberg St.
Tel Aviv 69719 Israel
Tel: 972-3-6458181
Fax: 972-3-6498250
E-mail: market@rad.com
900 Corporate Drive
Mahwah, NJ 07430 USA
Tel: (201) 529-1100, Toll free: 1-800-444-7234
Fax: (201) 529-5777
E-mail: market@radusa.com
© 1991–2003 RAD Data Communications Ltd.
Publication No. 269-200-09/03
Limited Warranty
RAD warrants to DISTRIBUTOR that the hardware in the RIC-E1 to be delivered hereunder shall be
free of defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of twelve (12)
months following the date of shipment to DISTRIBUTOR.
If, during the warranty period, any component part of the equipment becomes defective by reason of
material or workmanship, and DISTRIBUTOR immediately notifies RAD of such defect, RAD shall have
the option to choose the appropriate corrective action: a) supply a replacement part, or b) request
return of equipment to its plant for repair, or c) perform necessary repair at the equipment's location.
In the event that RAD requests the return of equipment, each party shall pay one-way shipping costs.
RAD shall be released from all obligations under its warranty in the event that the equipment has been
subjected to misuse, neglect, accident or improper installation, or if repairs or modifications were
made by persons other than RAD's own authorized service personnel, unless such repairs by others
were made with the written consent of RAD.
The above warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied. There are no warranties
which extend beyond the face hereof, including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose, and in no event shall RAD be liable for consequential damages.
RAD shall not be liable to any person for any special or indirect damages, including, but not limited to,
lost profits from any cause whatsoever arising from or in any way connected with the manufacture,
sale, handling, repair, maintenance or use of the RIC-E1, and in no event shall RAD's liability exceed
the purchase price of the RIC-E1.
DISTRIBUTOR shall be responsible to its customers for any and all warranties which it makes relating
to RIC-E1 and for ensuring that replacements and other adjustments required in connection with the
said warranties are satisfactory.
Software components in the RIC-E1 are provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind. RAD
disclaims all warranties including the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose. RAD shall not be liable for any loss of use, interruption of business or indirect, special,
incidental or consequential damages of any kind. In spite of the above RAD shall do its best to provide
error-free software products and shall offer free Software updates during the warranty period under
this Agreement.
RAD's cumulative liability to you or any other party for any loss or damages resulting from any claims,
demands, or actions arising out of or relating to this Agreement and the RIC-E1 shall not exceed the sum
paid to RAD for the purchase of the RIC-E1. In no event shall RAD be liable for any indirect, incidental,
consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost profits, even if RAD has been advised of the
possibility of such damages.
This Agreement shall be construed and governed in accordance with the laws of the State of Israel.
General Safety Instructions
The following instructions serve as a general guide for the safe installation and operation of
telecommunications products. Additional instructions, if applicable, are included inside the manual.
Safety Symbols
Warning
This symbol may appear on the equipment or in the text. It indicates
potential safety hazards regarding product operation or maintenance to
operator or service personnel.
Danger of electric shock! Avoid any contact with the marked surface while
the product is energized or connected to outdoor telecommunication lines.
.
Protective earth: the marked lug or terminal should be connected to the building
protective earth bus.
Warning
Some products may be equipped with a laser diode. In such cases, a label
with the laser class and other warnings as applicable will be attached near
the optical transmitter. The laser warning symbol may be also attached.
Please observe the following precautions:
• Before turning on the equipment, make sure that the fiber optic cable is
intact and is connected to the transmitter.
• Do not attempt to adjust the laser drive current.
• Do not use broken or unterminated fiber-optic cables/connectors or look
straight at the laser beam.
• The use of optical devices with the equipment will increase eye hazard.
• Use of controls, adjustments or performing procedures other than those
specified herein, may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
ATTENTION: The laser beam may be invisible!
Always observe standard safety precautions during installation, operation and maintenance of this
product. Only qualified and authorized service personnel should carry out adjustment, maintenance or
repairs to this product. No installation, adjustment, maintenance or repairs should be performed by
either the operator or the user.
Handling Energized Products
General Safety Practices
Do not touch or tamper with the power supply when the power cord is connected. Line voltages may
be present inside certain products even when the power switch (if installed) is in the OFF position or a
fuse is blown. For DC-powered products, although the voltages levels are usually not hazardous,
energy hazards may still exist.
Before working on equipment connected to power lines or telecommunication lines, remove jewelry
or any other metallic object that may come into contact with energized parts.
Unless otherwise specified, all products are intended to be grounded during normal use. Grounding is
provided by connecting the mains plug to a wall socket with a protective earth terminal. If an earth lug
is provided on the product, it should be connected to the protective earth at all times, by a wire with a
diameter of 18 AWG or wider. Rack-mounted equipment should be mounted only in earthed racks
and cabinets.
Always make the ground connection first and disconnect it last. Do not connect telecommunication
cables to ungrounded equipment. Make sure that all other cables are disconnected before
disconnecting the ground.
Connection of AC Mains
Make sure that the electrical installation complies with local codes.
Always connect the AC plug to a wall socket with a protective ground.
The maximum permissible current capability of the branch distribution circuit that supplies power to
the product is 16A. The circuit breaker in the building installation should have high breaking capacity
and must operate at short-circuit current exceeding 35A.
Always connect the power cord first to the equipment and then to the wall socket. If a power switch is
provided in the equipment, set it to the OFF position. If the power cord cannot be readily
disconnected in case of emergency, make sure that a readily accessible circuit breaker or emergency
switch is installed in the building installation.
Connection of DC Mains
Unless otherwise specified in the manual, the DC input to the equipment is floating in reference to the
ground. Any single pole can be externally grounded.
Due to the high current capability of DC mains systems, care should be taken when connecting the DC
supply to avoid short-circuits and fire hazards.
DC units should be installed in a restricted access area, i.e. an area where access is authorized only to
qualified service and maintenance personnel.
Make sure that the DC supply is electrically isolated from any AC source and that the installation
complies with the local codes.
The maximum permissible current capability of the branch distribution circuit that supplies power to
the product is 16A. The circuit breaker in the building installation should have high breaking capacity
and must operate at short-circuit current exceeding 35A.
Before connecting the DC supply wires, ensure that power is removed form the DC circuit. Locate the
circuit breaker of the panel board that services the equipment and switch it to the OFF position. When
connecting the DC supply wires, first connect the ground wire to the corresponding terminal, then the
positive pole and last the negative pole. Switch the circuit breaker back to the ON position.
A readily accessible disconnect device that is suitably rated and approved should be incorporated in
the building installation.
Connection of Data and Telecommunications Cables
Data and telecommunication interfaces are classified according to their safety status.
The following table lists the status of several standard interfaces. If the status of a given port differs from
the standard one, a notice will be given in the manual.
Ports
Safety Status
V.11, V.28, V.35, V.36, RS-530,
X.21, 10 BaseT, 100 BaseT,
Unbalanced E1, E2, E3, STM, DS-2,
DS-3, S-Interface ISDN, Analog voice
E&M
SELV
xDSL (without feeding voltage),
Balanced E1, T1, Sub E1/T1
TNV-1 Telecommunication Network Voltage-1:
FXS (Foreign Exchange Subscriber)
TNV-2 Telecommunication Network Voltage-2:
Safety Extra Low Voltage:
Ports which do not present a safety hazard. Usually
up to 30 VAC or 60 VDC.
Ports whose normal operating voltage is within the
limits of SELV, on which overvoltages from
telecommunications networks are possible.
Ports whose normal operating voltage exceeds the
limits of SELV (usually up to 120 VDC or telephone
ringing voltages), on which overvoltages from
telecommunication networks are not possible. These
ports are not permitted to be directly connected to
external telephone and data lines.
FXO (Foreign Exchange Office), xDSL
(with feeding voltage), U-Interface
ISDN
TNV-3 Telecommunication Network Voltage-3:
Ports whose normal operating voltage exceeds the
limits of SELV (usually up to 120 VDC or telephone
ringing voltages), on which overvoltages from
telecommunication networks are possible.
Always connect a given port to a port of the same safety status. If in doubt, seek the assistance of a
qualified safety engineer.
Always make sure that the equipment is grounded before connecting telecommunication cables. Do
not disconnect the ground connection before disconnecting all telecommunications cables.
Some SELV and non-SELV circuits use the same connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
Extra caution should be exercised during thunderstorms.
When using shielded or coaxial cables, verify that there is a good ground connection at both ends. The
earthing and bonding of the ground connections should comply with the local codes.
The telecommunication wiring in the building may be damaged or present a fire hazard in case of
contact between exposed external wires and the AC power lines. In order to reduce the risk, there are
restrictions on the diameter of wires in the telecom cables, between the equipment and the mating
connectors.
Caution
Attention
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunication line cords.
Pour réduire les risques s’incendie, utiliser seulement des conducteurs de
télécommunications 26 AWG ou de section supérieure.
Some ports are suitable for connection to intra-building or non-exposed wiring or cabling only. In such
cases, a notice will be given in the installation instructions.
Do not attempt to tamper with any carrier-provided equipment or connection hardware.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
The equipment is designed and approved to comply with the electromagnetic regulations of major
regulatory bodies. The following instructions may enhance the performance of the equipment and will
provide better protection against excessive emission and better immunity against disturbances.
A good earth connection is essential. When installing the equipment in a rack, make sure to remove all
traces of paint from the mounting points. Use suitable lock-washers and torque. If an external
grounding lug is provided, connect it to the earth bus using braided wire as short as possible.
The equipment is designed to comply with EMC requirements when connecting it with unshielded
twisted pair (UTP) cables. However, the use of shielded wires is always recommended, especially for
high-rate data. In some cases, when unshielded wires are used, ferrite cores should be installed on
certain cables. In such cases, special instructions are provided in the manual.
Disconnect all wires which are not in permanent use, such as cables used for one-time configuration.
The compliance of the equipment with the regulations for conducted emission on the data lines is
dependent on the cable quality. The emission is tested for UTP with 80 dB longitudinal conversion loss
(LCL).
Unless otherwise specified or described in the manual, TNV-1 and TNV-3 ports provide secondary
protection against surges on the data lines. Primary protectors should be provided in the building
installation.
The equipment is designed to provide adequate protection against electro-static discharge (ESD).
However, it is good working practice to use caution when connecting cables terminated with plastic
connectors (without a grounded metal hood, such as flat cables) to sensitive data lines. Before
connecting such cables, discharge yourself by touching earth ground or wear an ESD preventive wrist
strap.
FCC-15 User Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits of the Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the Installation and Operation manual, may cause harmful interference to the radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Canadian Emission Requirements
This Class A digital apparatus meets all the requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing
Equipment Regulation.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel
brouilleur du Canada.
Warning per EN 55022 (CISPR-22)
Warning
This is a class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause
radio interference, in which case the user will be required to take adequate
measures.
Avertissement
Cet appareil est un appareil de Classe A. Dans un environnement résidentiel, cet
appareil peut provoquer des brouillages radioélectriques. Dans ces cas, il peut
être demandé à l’utilisateur de prendre les mesures appropriées.
Achtung
Dieses ist ein Gerät der Funkstörgrenzwertklasse A. In Wohnbereichen können
bei Betrieb dieses Gerätes Rundfunkströrungen auftreten, in welchen Fällen der
Benutzer für entsprechende Gegenmaßnahmen verantwortlich ist.
Declaration of Conformity
Manufacturer's Name:
RAD Data Communications Ltd.
Manufacturer's Address:
24 Raoul Wallenberg St.
Tel Aviv 69719
Israel
declares that the products:
Product Names:
RIC-E1, RIC-T1
conform to the following standard(s) or other normative document(s):
EMC:
Safety:
EN 55022: 1998
Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance
characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement.
EN 50024: 1998
Information technology equipment – Immunity characteristics
– Limits and methods of measurement.
EN 60950: 2000
Safety of information technology equipment.
Supplementary Information:
The products herewith comply with the requirements of the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, the Low
Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC and the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC for wired equipment. The products
were tested in a typical configuration.
Tel Aviv, 9th October, 2002
Haim Karshen
VP Quality
European Contact: RAD Data Communications GmbH, Otto-Hahn-Str. 28-30,
85521 Ottobrunn-Riemerling, Germany
Quick Start Guide
If you are familiar with RIC-E1, use this guide to prepare it for operation.
1.
Installing RIC-E1
Open the RIC-E1 case by sliding the blue side panel forward and releasing the two
screws located on the bottom panel at the rear end of the unit.
Setting the Internal Jumpers
Set the internal jumpers. Refer the first table below, if you operate a standalone
RIC-E1, or to the second table, if you use RIC-E1/R.
Jumper
Description
Values
Default Setting
JP1, JP2, JP3, JP4,
JP6
Select the E1 interface type
BAL – Balanced interface
(RJ-45 connector)
BAL
BNC – Unbalanced interface (BNC
coax connectors)
TX & RX CODE,
JP9
Selects the transmit and
receive coding
AMI – Jumper plug is installed
HDB3 – Jumper plug is not installed
HDB3
TIMING, J4
Selects the clock reference
RCV (pin 4) – Receive clock
RCV
EXT (pin 5) – External clock
INT (pin 6) – Internal clock
Note: Units with the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN and IR-IP interface modules support only receive and internal clocks.
ANA LOOP, JP11
Controls the local analog
loopback activation
LOC – Activates the local analog
loopback
DTE – Allows the activation of the
local analog loopback via DTE
DTE
Installing RIC-E1
1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Quick Start Guide
Jumper
Description
Values
Default Setting
JP2, JP3
Select the E1 interface type
BALANCE – Balanced interface
(RJ-45 connector)
BALANCE
UNBALANCE – Unbalanced
interface (BNC
coax connectors)
ALB DTE, JP4
Enables local analog
loopback activation from
the DTE (via pin 18 for
RS-530 or via pin “JJ” for
V.35)
EN – The local analog loopback
activation from the DTE is
enabled
DIS – The local analog loopback
activation from the DTE is
disabled
DIS
Note: The JP4 jumper is not available for RIC-E1/R cards with X.21 or Ethernet interfaces.
PNL SW, JP5
Enables activation of the
local analog loopback via
the front panel pushbutton
EN – The LLB can be activated via
the front panel
EN
DIS – The LLB cannot be
activated via the front
panel
Note: The JP5 jumper is not available for RIC-E1/R cards with IR-ETH and IR-ETH/QN interface modules.
For RIC-E1/R with IR-IP interface module, the JP5 jumper serves for enabling or disabling the IP LEARN
pushbutton.
TX&RX CODE, JP6
TIMING SEL, J2
Selects the data receive
and transmit coding
HDB3
Selects the clock reference
RCV – Receive clock
HDB3
AMI
RCV
EXT – External clock
INT – Internal clock
Note: Units with the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN and IR-IP interface modules support only receive and internal clocks.
CHASS GND, J3
Controls the connection
between the RIC-E1/R
signal ground and the
frame (chassis) ground
CON – Signal ground is
connected to the frame
ground
CON
DISCON – Signal ground is
disconnected from the
frame ground
Connecting the Cables
To connect cables:
1. Connect the E1 line interface.
2. Connect the DTE interface.
3. Connect the power cable (first to the converter, then to the mains supply).
The PWR LED lights when power is connected.
2.
Operating RIC-E1
RIC-E1 operates entirely unattended except when performing system tests.
2
Operating RIC-E1
Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 Overview..................................................................................................................... 1-1
Versions................................................................................................................................ 1-1
Application ........................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2 Physical Description..................................................................................................... 1-2
1.3 Functional Description................................................................................................. 1-3
Functional Block Diagram ..................................................................................................... 1-3
Timing Reference.................................................................................................................. 1-3
Diagnostics ........................................................................................................................... 1-3
1.4 Technical Specifications............................................................................................... 1-4
Chapter 2. Installation and Setup
2.1 Site Requirements and Prerequisites ............................................................................ 2-1
2.2 Package Contents ........................................................................................................ 2-1
2.3 Configuring RIC-E1 ...................................................................................................... 2-2
Setting the Jumpers ............................................................................................................... 2-2
Connecting the Interfaces ..................................................................................................... 2-4
Connecting the Power .......................................................................................................... 2-5
Chapter 3. Operation
3.1 Front Panel Indicators .................................................................................................. 3-1
3.2 Operating Instructions ................................................................................................. 3-2
Turning On........................................................................................................................... 3-2
Operating RIC-E1 ................................................................................................................. 3-2
Turning Off........................................................................................................................... 3-2
Chapter 4. Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
4.1 Performing Local Analog Loopback.............................................................................. 4-1
Activating Local Analog Loopback ......................................................................................... 4-1
Deactivating Local Analog Loopback ..................................................................................... 4-2
4.2 Troubleshooting........................................................................................................... 4-2
Chapter 5. RIC-E1/R Card
5.1 ASM-MN-214 Card Cage............................................................................................. 5-1
Line Connector..................................................................................................................... 5-1
DTE Connector..................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Power Supply .............................................................................................................. 5-3
AC Supply ............................................................................................................................ 5-3
DC Supply............................................................................................................................ 5-3
Power Supply with Redundancy............................................................................................ 5-3
5.3 RIC-E1/R Front Panel ................................................................................................... 5-4
5.4 Installing the RIC-E1/R Card ......................................................................................... 5-6
Setting Internal Jumpers and Switches ................................................................................... 5-6
Installing RIC-E1/R into the ASM-MN-214 Card Cage ............................................................ 5-7
Connecting the Interfaces ..................................................................................................... 5-7
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
i
Table of Contents
Appendix A. Interface Connector Wiring
Appendix B. IR-ETH Interface Module
Appendix C. IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
Appendix D. IR-IP Interface Module
Appendix E. IR-X.21B Interface Module
List of Figures
1-1. Typical Application................................................................................................................ 1-2
1-2. RIC-E1 and RIC-T1, 3D View ................................................................................................ 1-2
1-3. RIC-E1 Block Diagram ........................................................................................................... 1-3
2-1. RIC-E1 Jumper Locations ....................................................................................................... 2-3
2-2. RIC-E1 Rear Panel ................................................................................................................. 2-4
3-1. RIC-E1 Front Panel ................................................................................................................ 3-1
4-1. RIC-E1 Local Loopback ......................................................................................................... 4-1
5-1. ASM-MN-214 Rear Panel ...................................................................................................... 5-2
5-2. RIC-E1/R with a Serial DTE Interface...................................................................................... 5-4
5-3. RIC-E1/R with IR-ETH or IR-ETH/QN..................................................................................... 5-4
5-4. RIC-E1/R with IR-IP ............................................................................................................... 5-4
5-5. ASM-MN-214 Front Panel ..................................................................................................... 5-5
5-6 RIC-E1/R PCB Layout ............................................................................................................. 5-6
List of Tables
2-1. RIC-E1 Jumper Settings.......................................................................................................... 2-3
3-1. RIC-E1 Front Panel LED Indicators......................................................................................... 3-1
4-1. RIC-E1 Troubleshooting......................................................................................................... 4-2
5-1. RIC-E1/R Jumper Settings....................................................................................................... 5-6
ii
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 Overview
RIC-E1 is an interface converter. It converts unframed HDB3 or AMI data of ITU
G.703 E1 balanced or unbalanced interface into an interchangeable DTE interface
module.
RIC-E1 operates at 2048 kbps. It extracts data and the clock from the G.703
interface via a jitter attenuator to meet ITU G.823 requirements.
RIC-E1 acts as a line transceiver. It provides protection from over-voltage and
over-current stress caused by lightning, power crosses and other noise sources.
Versions
The following versions of the RIC-E1 converter are available:
•
RIC-E1 standalone unit
•
RIC-E1/R – a plug-in card for installation in the ASM-MN-214, 19-inch
modem/converter rack, holding up 14 cards (see Chapter 5 for the RIC-E1/R
description).
DTE Interface
RIC-E1 can be ordered with one of the following DTE interfaces:
•
V.35
•
X.21
•
V.36
•
RS-530
•
Ethernet:
IR-ETH (Ethernet bridge)
IR-ETH/QN (Ethernet/Fast Ethernet bridge with VLAN support)
IR-IP (IP router).
Power Supply
•
AC power supply: 100 to 240 VAC
•
DC power supply: 24 or -48 VDC.
Overview
1-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
Application
RIC-E1 is typically used to connect between a G.703 network and a DTE. The DTE
can be a multiplexer, a bridge, a router etc. Figure 1-1 illustrates a typical RIC-E1
application.
Network
G.703
V.35
RIC-E1
DTE
Figure 1-1. Typical Application
1.2 Physical Description
A three-dimensional view of RIC-E1 and RIC-T1 is shown in Figure 1-2.
Figure 1-2. RIC-E1 and RIC-T1, 3D View
The RIC-E1 front panel contains LEDs that show the status of the unit. For more
information, refer to Chapter 3.
The RIC-E1 rear panel contains the DTE interface, the G.703 link and the power
connections. For more information, refer to Chapter 2.
A description of how to set the internal jumpers can be found in Chapter 2.
1-2
Physical Description
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.3 Functional Description
Functional Block Diagram
Figure 1-3 shows the functional block diagram of RIC-E1.
X
Unbalanced
Txd
Transformers
Interchangable Interfaces
Rxd
Txclk
Rxclk
Balanced
Select
IMP
Unbalanced
LIU
Loss
BNC
RJ - 45
BNC
Tx & Rx Code
Tst
Ana
Clock
Gen.
AMI
HDB3
P.S.
Figure 1-3. RIC-E1 Block Diagram
Timing Reference
RIC-E1 supports three clock modes:
• Internal, derived from its internal oscillator
•
External, supplied by the attached DTE
•
Receive, recovered from the received line signal.
Diagnostics
RIC-E1 supports a V.54 (loop 3) local loopback activated by the internal jumper of
the standalone RIC-E1 unit, front panel pushbutton of the RIC-E1/R card or via
corresponding pin of the DTE interface connector (not available for X.21 and
Ethernet interfaces). For more information, refer to Chapter 4.
Functional Description
1-3
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.4 Technical Specifications
Link Interface
Coding
HDB3 or AMI
Framing
Unframed
Bit Rate
2.048 Mbps
Impedance
120Ω, balanced
75Ω, unbalanced
RCV Signal Level
0 to -10 dB
XMT Signal Level
3V (±10%), balanced
2.37V (±10%), unbalanced
Connectors
RJ-45, 8-pin, balanced
Two BNC coaxial, unbalanced
DTE Interface
Return Loss
Better than 15 dB
Type
• V.35: 34-pin, female
• X.21: 15-pin, D-type female
• V.36: 37-pin, D-type female, via adapter
cable
• RS-530: 25-pin, D-type female
• IR-ETH: RJ-45 or BNC
• IR-ETH/QN: RJ-45
• IR-IP: RJ-45
Control Signals
V.35, X.21, RS-530:
• CTS follows RTS
• DCD follows E1 state
V.35, RS-530:
• DSR is constantly ON
Timing
Derived from three alternative sources:
• Internal oscillator
• External, from the attached DTE
• Receive, derived from the received signal
Indicators
Note
1-4
PWR (green)
On – RIC-E1 is powered
TXD (yellow)
On – Data is being transmitted to the link
RXD (yellow)
On – Data is being received from the link
LOS (red)
On – No E1 data is received from the link
TST (red)
On – The local loopback is active
For description of the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN and IR-IP interface modules, refer to
Appendix B, Appendix C, and Appendix D, respectively.
Technical Specifications
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
Complies with ITU V.54 (loop 3)
Diagnostics
Local Loopback
Activated by:
• Internal jumper (RIC-E1)
• Front panel pushbutton (RIC-E1/R)
• DTE circuit 141 for V.35, RS-530 and V.36
Power
AC Source
100 to 240 VAC (± 10%), 50 or 60 Hz
DC Source
• -48 VDC (-42 to -60 VDC)
• 24 VDC (18 to 32 VDC)
Power Consumption
• Standalone: 3W, max
• RIC-E1/R: 5.2W
Fuses
Standalone RIC-E1: 250 mA 250V slowblow
RIC-E1/R: 500 mA 250V slowblow
Physical
RIC-E1
Height
39.5 mm / 1.5 in
Width
190 mm / 7.4 in
Depth
160 mm / 6.2 in
Weight
Environment
0.6 kg
/ 1.3 lb
RIC-E1/R
Fits one slot in the ASM-MN-214 card cage
Temperature
0–50°C (32–122°F)
Humidity
Up to 90%, non-condensing
Technical Specifications
1-5
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-6
Technical Specifications
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 2
Installation and Setup
This chapter explains how to configure and install RIC-E1.
After the installation is complete, refer to Chapter 3 for information about
operating RIC-E1.
Refer to Chapter 4 for troubleshooting and diagnostics information.
2.1 Site Requirements and Prerequisites
AC-powered RIC-E1 units should be installed within 1.5m (5 ft) of an
easily-accessible grounded AC outlet capable of furnishing the required supply
voltage, in the range of 100 to 240 VAC.
DC-powered RIC-E1 units require a -48 or 24 VDC power source, which must be
adequately isolated from the mains supply. In order to prevent a fire hazard, a
suitable fuse must be installed in the live DC line.
Allow at least 90 cm (36 in) of frontal clearance for operator access and at least
10 cm (4 in) clearance at the rear of the unit for interface cable connections.
The ambient operating temperature of RIC-E1 should be 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F),
at a relative humidity of up to 90%, non-condensing.
2.2 Package Contents
The RIC-E1 package includes the following items:
•
RIC-E1 unit
•
The AC power cord or DC power supply connector kit
•
Ethernet over SDH/SONET and Converters CD
•
Jumper plug for JP9 jumper
•
CBL-530/449 adapter cable for units ordered with V.36 interface
•
RM-29 rack installation kit (if ordered).
Package Contents
2-1
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
2.3 Configuring RIC-E1
This section provides information on the functions and locations of RIC-E1 internal
jumpers. Use this information to select the correct setting for your particular
application.
To install RIC-E1:
1. Determine the required configuration, according to your application, and set
the internal jumpers accordingly. For more information, refer to Setting the
Jumpers on page 2-2.
2. Connect the DTE and G.703 link interfaces, as explained in Connecting the
Interfaces on page 2-4.
3. Connect the power to the unit. For more information, refer to Connecting the
Power on page 2-5.
Setting the Jumpers
This section explains how to set the internal jumpers according to your
requirements. Figure 2-1 shows the RIC-E1 jumper locations.
Warning
Avoid adjusting, maintaining or repairing RIC-E1 while it is connected to the
power source.
Adjusting, maintaining and repairing RIC-E1, while connected to power supply
should only be done by a skilled technician aware of the hazards involved.
Capacitors inside the instrument may still be charged even after the
instrument has been disconnected from its source of supply.
To set the jumpers:
1. Disconnect the power cable from the mains outlet.
2. Slide the blue side panel forward to detach it from the case.
3. Unscrew the two screws located on the bottom panel at the rear end of the
unit.
4. Separate the two halves of the RIC-E1 case by lifting the top cover at the end
of the unit and sliding it forward.
5. Adjust the RIC-E1 internal jumpers, as described in Table 2-1. Figure 2-1 shows
the jumper locations.
6. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screws.
2-2
Configuring RIC-E1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
JP1
JP2
JP3
JP4
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
BAL
BNC
BAL
BNC
RCV
EXT
INT
JP6
J4
TX & RX CODE
AMI JP9
HDB3
JP11
LOC
DTE
ANA LOOP
Figure 2-1. RIC-E1 Jumper Locations
Table 2-1. RIC-E1 Jumper Settings
Jumper
Description
Values
Default Setting
JP1, JP2, JP3, JP4,
JP6
Select the E1 interface type
BAL – Balanced interface
(RJ-45 connector)
BAL
BNC – Unbalanced interface (BNC
coax connectors)
TX & RX CODE,
JP9
Selects the transmit and
receive coding
AMI – Jumper plug is installed
HDB3 – Jumper plug is not installed
HDB3
TIMING, J4
Selects the clock reference
RCV (pin 4) – Receive clock
RCV
EXT (pin 5) – External clock
INT (pin 6) – Internal clock
Note: Units with the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN and IR-IP interface modules support only receive and internal clocks.
ANA LOOP, JP11
Controls the local analog
loopback activation
LOC – Activates the local analog
loopback
DTE – Allows the activation of the
local analog loopback via DTE
DTE
Configuring RIC-E1
2-3
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
Selecting the Impedance
When RIC-E1 uses the balanced interface:
• Terminate the impedance of G.703 link to 120Ω.
•
Use only the RJ-45 connector to transmit full duplex data to the G.703
network over UTP or STP cable.
When RIC-E1 uses the unbalanced interface:
• Terminate the impedance of G.703 link to 75Ω.
•
Use only the coaxial BNC connectors to transmit to the G.703 network via two
coaxial cables.
Closing the RIC-E1 Case
After completing the internal settings, close the unit case.
To close the RIC-E1 case:
1. Position the lower half of the RIC-E1 case on the flat surface.
2. Install the top cover making sure the top cover guides enter the corresponding
recesses at the end of the unit.
3. Secure the two screws located at the end of the unit.
4. Fit the inside tabs of the blue side panel into the unit case grooves, and slide
the side panel until snaps into place.
Connecting the Interfaces
Figure 2-2 and shows the rear panel of the AC-powered RIC-E1 unit.
V.35
LINK
TX
RX
Figure 2-2. RIC-E1 Rear Panel
Connecting the E1 Line
RIC-E1 link interface terminates in balanced and unbalanced connectors, marked
LINK.
To connect the balanced interface:
•
Use RJ-45 male connector and connect it to the RIC-E1 RJ-45 port.
Appendix A lists the balanced connector pin assignment.
To connect the unbalanced interface:
1. Connect the receive line to the back panel connector designated TX.
2. Connect the transmit line to the back panel connector designated RX.
Do not connect both balanced and unbalanced connectors.
Warning
2-4
Configuring RIC-E1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
Connecting the DTE
RIC-E1 supports various types of data channel interfaces. Equipment with V.35,
X.21, RS-530 and Ethernet interfaces can be connected directly to the RIC-E1 DTE
port. The RIC-E1 V.36 interface is provided via an adapter cable converting
between 25-pin RS-530 connector and 37-pin V.36 connector.
Connector pin allocations and cable wiring data appear in Appendix A. For the
detailed description of the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN, and IR-IP Ethernet interface
modules, refer to Appendix B, Appendix C, and Appendix D, respectively.
Connecting the Power
Refer to the appropriate section below depending on the RIC-E1 version – AC or
DC.
Connecting the AC Power
AC power should be supplied to the RIC-E1 unit through the 1.5m (5 ft) standard
power cable terminated with a standard 3-prong plug. The cable is provided with
the unit.
Before connecting power to the unit, verify that the socket outlet is provided
with a protective ground contact. If you are using an extension cord (power
cable) make sure it is grounded as well
Warning Interrupting the protective (grounding) conductor (inside or outside the unit),
or disconnecting the protective ground terminal can make this unit dangerous.
Make sure that only fuses of the required rating (0.250A, 250V) are used for
replacement. Do not use repaired fuses or short-circuit the fuse holder. Always
disconnect the mains cable before removing or replacing the fuse. If there is a
chance that the fuse protection has been damaged, make the unit inoperative.
To connect AC power to RIC-E1:
1. Connect the power cable to the power connector on the RIC-E1 rear panel.
2. Plug the RIC-E1 power cable to the mains outlet.
RIC-E1 turns on automatically upon connection to the mains.
Connecting the DC Power
To connect DC power:
•
Refer to the DC power supply connection supplement.
Configuring RIC-E1
2-5
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
2-6
Configuring RIC-E1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 3
Operation
This chapter describes how to operate RIC-E1. Installation procedures explained in
Chapter 2 must be completed and checked before attempting to operate RIC-E1.
3.1 Front Panel Indicators
Figure 3-1 shows the RIC-E1 front panel. The front panel indicators are described
in Table 3-1.
Figure 3-1. RIC-E1 Front Panel
Table 3-1. RIC-E1 Front Panel LED Indicators
Designation
Color
Function
PWR
Green
ON – RIC-E1 is powered up
TXD
Yellow
ON – Data is being transmitted to the link
RXD
Yellow
ON – Data is being received from the link
LOS
Red
ON – No E1 data is received from the link
TST
Red
ON – The local loopback is active
Front Panel Indicators
3-1
Chapter 3 Operation
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
3.2 Operating Instructions
Turning On
RIC-E1 starts operating as soon as AC or DC power is connected. Always connect
the power cable to the RIC-E1 power connector first and then to the mains outlet.
The PWR LED lights when power is connected.
Operating RIC-E1
RIC-E1 operates entirely unattended except when performing system tests.
Turning Off
To turn RIC-E1 off, disconnect the power cable from the mains outlet.
3-2
Operating Instructions
Chapter 4
Troubleshooting and
Diagnostics
4.1 Performing Local Analog Loopback
RIC-E1 supports activation of a V.54 diagnostic (loop 3) local loopback.
This loopback checks the communication and connection between RIC-E1 and the
attached DTE, as shown in Figure 4-1. When RIC-E1 performs a local loopback,
the data received from the local transmitter is both transmitted on the line and
looped back to the local receiver at the digital level. This checks the operation of
all local digital circuitry.
DTE
Line
Tx
Tx
G.703
Network
Rx
Rx
RIC-E1
Figure 4-1. RIC-E1 Local Loopback
Activating Local Analog Loopback
You can activate the local analog loopback via DTE interface circuit 141 (for V.35,
RS-530 and V.36 interfaces only).
Note
When activating the local analog loopback via interface of the DTE connected to the
RIC-E1/R card, make sure to set the ALB DTE jumper (JP4) to EN.
Alternatively, you can initiate the loopback via internal jumper of the standalone
RIC-E1 or by pressing the ANA pushbutton on the RIC-E1/R panel.
Warning
Do not touch any components other than ANA LOOP (JP11) jumper plug while
activating the local loopback from the standalone RIC-E1, in order to avoid
electrical shock.
Performing Local Analog Loopback
4-1
Chapter 4 Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
To activate the local analog loopback from the standalone RIC-E1:
1. Open the RIC-E1 case, as described in Chapter 2.
2. Set the JP11 jumper to LOC.
The analog loopback is activated and the TST indicator on the front panel
turns on.
To activate the local analog loopback from RIC-E1/R:
•
Press the ANA pushbutton on the RIC-E1/R front panel.
Make sure that the PNL SW jumper (JP5) on the RIC-E1/R board is set to EN.
The TST indicator on the front panel turns on.
Deactivating Local Analog Loopback
To deactivate the local analog loopback from the DTE:
•
Lower the circuit 141 pins of the DTE interface.
To deactivate the local analog loopback from the standalone RIC-E1:
• Set the RIC-E1 JP11 jumper to DTE.
The TST indicator on the front panel turns off.
To deactivate the local analog loopback from the standalone RIC-E1/R:
•
Press the RIC-E1/R ANA pushbutton again to return it to the previous position.
4.2 Troubleshooting
Table 4-1 contains troubleshooting information to help you identify and correct
problems.
Table 4-1. RIC-E1 Troubleshooting
Trouble Symptoms
Probable Cause
Corrective Measures
All front panel indicators
are OFF
1. No power
Check that both ends of the power cable
are properly connected.
2. Blown fuse
Disconnect power cable from both ends
and replace the fuse with another fuse of
proper rating.
1. Receive line fuses are blown
Disconnect power cable from both ends
and replace the fuses with new fuses of
proper rating.
2. Line cables are not properly
connected
Check and adjust both ends of the line
cables.
3. Unbalanced BNC connectors
are reversed
Switch the two BNC connectors.
4. The transformer is damaged
Replace RIC-E1.
LOS indicator is ON
4-2
Troubleshooting
Chapter 5
RIC-E1/R Card
This chapter describes the RIC-E1/R card version, designed for installation in the
ASM-MN-214 card cage. The chapter contains the following sections:
•
The ASM-MN-214 card cage
•
The RIC-E1/R card version
•
Power supply to RIC-E1/R card
•
Installing the RIC-E1/R card.
5.1 ASM-MN-214 Card Cage
The ASM-MN-214 card cage contains one or two power supplies and up to
14 plug-in cards. The card types can be RIC-E1/R or other RAD rack version
modems/converters – any combination of up to 14 plug-in cards.
For each of the 14 cards, the rear panel (see Figure 5-1) contains a male connector
for the terminal block and a DB-25 connector. A protection cover protects the
terminal block connectors.
Line Connector
The line is to be attached to the rear panel terminal block connectors
(see Figure 5-1). It contains screws for connecting the transmit and receive pairs
and ground, if present. When operating RIC-E1/R with unbalanced E1 interface,
use a CIA/TB-BNC/214 adapter, which converts the terminal block connector into
two coaxial BNC connectors (see Figure 5-1).
The ASM-MN-214 card cage is also available with BNC coaxial unbalanced or
RJ-45 balanced line connectors.
DTE Connector
The 25-pin D-type female interface connector provides all interface signals for the
digital interfaces. Units with X.21 or V.35 interface require an external mechanical
adapter. Two optional interface attachments, CIA/X21/1 and CIA/V.35/1, can be
ordered separately from RAD. CIA/X.21/1 converts one DB-25 connector to an
X.21 15-pin connector. CIA/V.35/1 converts one DB-25 connector to a V.35
34-pin connector.
V.36 converter cards are supplied with a RAD adapter cable CBL-530/449F, which
converts between the DB-25 connector and a V.36 37-pin connector.
ASM-MN-214 Card Cage
5-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
RIC-E1/R with one of the Ethernet interfaces (IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN or IR-IP) uses
a CIA/ETH interface adapter, which converts one DB-25 connector to an RJ-45
connector.
The adapter cable and interface attachments are also shown in Figure 5-1.
Terminal
Block
Terminal
Block
CIA/TB-BNC/214
CIA/V.35/1
CIA/X.21/1
CIA/ETH
CBL-530/449
Figure 5-1. ASM-MN-214 Rear Panel
5-2
ASM-MN-214 Card Cage
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
5.2 Power Supply
Power is supplied to the RIC-E1/R card from the ASM-MN-214 power supply via
the chassis. Each RIC-E1/R card has two fuses (F5 and F6), which protect the entire
system against power failure resulting from a short circuit in one card. The rating of
the fuses is 500 mA, 250V, slowblow (see Figure 5-6).
The ASM-MN-214 card cage can accept both AC or DC power supplies. LED
indicators located on the ASM-MN-214 front panel (see Figure 5-5) show activity
when the power supply is connected to the mains plug. The power supply
supports the full card cage with any combination of cards.
AC Supply
The AC power supply of the ASM-MN-214 is 100, 115, or 230 VAC, ±10%,
47 to 63 Hz.
DC Supply
The DC power supply is -48 VDC (-36 to -72 VDC) or 24 VDC (18 to 32 VDC). It
uses a DC/DC converter module to provide the power required for the cards.
Power Supply with Redundancy
This special ordering option is equipped with two separate power supplies,
operating together and sharing the load of the whole card cage. If either of the
power supplies fails, the other one will continue to supply power to the full card
cage.
Two LED indicators show activity of each power supply. They should both light
when mains power is provided.
Note
It is possible to combine AC and DC power supplies in the same cage.
Power Supply
5-3
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
5.3 RIC-E1/R Front Panel
Figure 5-2, Figure 5-3 and Figure 5-4 show the RIC-E1/R card front panel options.
The LEDs of the card version with serial DTE interface are identical in their
functionality to those of the standalone device, except for the ANA pushbutton.
The ANA pushbutton serves for activation of the local analog loopback, see
Chapter 4 for the details.
Front panels of the RIC-E1/R converters with the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN and IR-IP
interfaces are described in greater detail in Appendix B, Appendix C and
Appendix D, respectively.
PWR
PWR
PWR
TXD
LINK
LINK
RXD
ACT
ACT
TST
100M
LOS
LOS
ANA
5-4
LOS
IP LEARN
RIC-E1
RIC-E1
RIC-E1/IP
Figure 5-2. RIC-E1/R with a
Serial DTE Interface
Figure 5-3. RIC-E1/R with
IR-ETH or IR-ETH/QN
Figure 5-4. RIC-E1/R with IR-IP
RIC-E1/R Front Panel
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
Figure 5-5. ASM-MN-214 Front Panel
5-5
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
5.4 Installing the RIC-E1/R Card
Setting Internal Jumpers and Switches
JP2
Figure 5-6 illustrates location of the internal jumpers on the RIC-E1/R PCB.
BALANCE
UNBALANCE
JP3
BALANCE
UNBALANCE
J2
DIS
ALB DTE
DIS
PNL SW
JP5
EN
JP4
EN
INT
EXT
RCV
TIMING SEL B8ZS/
HDB3
AMI
JP6
TX&RX CODE
CON
J3
CHASS-GND
DISCON
F5
F6
Figure 5-6 RIC-E1/R PCB Layout
Table 5-1. RIC-E1/R Jumper Settings
Jumper
Description
Values
Default Setting
JP2, JP3
Select the E1 interface type
BALANCE – Balanced interface
(RJ-45 connector)
BALANCE
UNBALANCE – Unbalanced
interface (BNC
coax connectors)
ALB DTE, JP4
Enables local analog
loopback activation from
the DTE (via pin 18 for
RS-530 or via pin “JJ” for
V.35)
EN – The local analog loopback
activation from the DTE is
enabled
DIS – The local analog loopback
activation from the DTE is
disabled
Note: The JP4 jumper is not available for RIC-E1/R cards with X.21 or Ethernet interfaces.
5-6
Installing the RIC-E1/R Card
DIS
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
Table 5-1. RIC-E1/R Jumper Settings (Cont.)
Jumper
Description
Values
Default Setting
PNL SW, JP5
Enables activation of the
local analog loopback via
the front panel pushbutton
EN – The LLB can be activated via
the front panel
EN
DIS – The LLB cannot be
activated via the front
panel
Note: The JP5 jumper is not available for RIC-E1/R cards with IR-ETH and IR-ETH/QN interface modules.
For RIC-E1/R with IR-IP interface module, the JP5 jumper serves for enabling or disabling the IP LEARN
pushbutton.
TX&RX CODE, JP6
TIMING SEL, J2
Selects the data receive
and transmit coding
HDB3
Selects the clock reference
RCV – Receive clock
HDB3
AMI
RCV
EXT – External clock
INT – Internal clock
Note: Units with the IR-ETH, IR-ETH/QN and IR-IP interface modules support only receive and internal clocks.
CHASS GND, J3
Controls the connection
between the RIC-E1/R
signal ground and the
frame (chassis) ground
CON – Signal ground is
connected to the frame
ground
CON
DISCON – Signal ground is
disconnected from the
frame ground
Installing RIC-E1/R into the ASM-MN-214 Card Cage
To install the RIC-E1/R card in the ASM-MN-214 card cage:
1. Install the ASM-MN-214 card cage in the 19-inch rack.
2. Insert the RIC-E1/R card into one of the ASM-MN-214 slots.
3. Push the card into the cage until it is fully inserted into the edge connector
inside the rack.
4. Tighten the screws on front panel of the modem card.
Connecting the Interfaces
RIC-E1/R uses the ASM-MN-214 rear panel terminal block ports for the line
connections. The 25-pin D-type female connector serves as a DTE port.
1. Remove the protection cover from the terminal block connectors.
2. Connect the terminal block to the ASM-MN-214 terminal block connector.
3. Connect the line to the terminal block as follows: connect transmit pair to the
terminals marked XMT, the receive pair to the terminals marked RCV, and the
fifth screw to ground (optional).
Installing the RIC-E1/R Card
5-7
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 5 RIC-E1/R Card
4. When operating RIC-E1/R with unbalanced interface, use CIA/TB-BNC/214
adapter, which converts the terminal block connector into two coaxial BNC
connectors.
5. If required, attach the appropriate CIA (CIA/X.21/1, CIA/V.35/1, CIA/ETH) or
CBL-530/449F adapter cable to the DB-25 connector on the card cage rear
panel.
6. Connect the DTE cable to the DB-25 connector, other side of CIA or adapter
cable (depending on your version of the card interface).
7. Connect power to the ASM-MN-214 card cage:
To connect AC power, connect the power cable to the mains supply.
To connect DC power, refer to DC power supply connection supplement
of the ASM-MN-214 installation and operation manual.
Warning
5-8
The ASM-MN-214 card cage has no power switch. Operation starts when the
power is applied to the rear panel POWER connector. When applying power,
first connect the plug of the power cord to the ASM-MN-214 POWER
connector and then to the mains (outlet).
Installing the RIC-E1/R Card
Appendix A
Interface Connector Wiring
A.1 V.35, X.21 and RS-530 Interface Connectors
Table A-1 lists the pin assignments of the V.35, X.21 and RS-530 interface
connectors.
Table A-1. V.35, X.21 and RS-530 Interfaces, Pin Assignments
V.35, 34-Pin
Signal
Function
Pin
RS-530, DB-25
Circuit
Pin
X.21, DB-15
Circuit
Pin
Circuit
[Function]
Protective
Ground
A
Frame
101
1
101
1
[SHIELD]
101
Signal
Ground
B
Signal
GND
102
7
AB
102
8
[GND]
102
Transmitted
Data
P
S
TD(A)
TD(B)
103
103
2
14
BA(A)
BA(B)
103
103
2
9
T(A)
T(B)
[Transmit]
103
103
Received
Data
R
T
RD(A)
RD(B)
104
104
3
16
BB(A)
BB(B)
104
104
4
11
R(A)
R(B)
[Receive]
104
104
Request to
Send
C
RTS
105
4
19
CA(A)
CA(B)
105
3
10
C(A)
C(B)
[Control]
105
Clear to
Send
D
CTS
106
5
13
CB(A)
CB(B)
106
106
Data Set
Ready
E
DSR
107
6
22
CC(A)
CC(B)
107
107
Data
Terminal
Ready
H
DTR
108
20
23
CD(A)
CD(B)
108
108
Carrier
Detect
F
DCD
109
8
10
CF(A)
CF(B)
109
External
Transmit
Clock
U
W
24
11
DA(A)
DA(B)
113
113
SCTE(A)
SCTE(B)
113
113
5
12
7
14
I (A)
I (B)
109
(A)
(B)
113
113
[Indication]
V.35, X.21 and RS-530 Interface Connectors
A-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix A Interface Connector Wiring
Table A-1. V.35, X.21 and RS-530 Interfaces, Pin Assignments (Cont.)
V.35, 34-Pin
Signal
Function
Pin
RS-530, DB-25
Circuit
Pin
X.21, DB-15
Circuit
Pin
Circuit
[Function]
Transmit
Clock
Y
AA
SCT(A)
SCT(B)
114
114
15
12
DB(A)
DB(B)
114
114
6
13
S(A)
S(B)
114
114
[Signal
Timing]
Receive
Clock
V
X
SCR(A)
SCR(B)
115
115
17
9
DD(A)
DD(B)
115
115
115
115
Local Analog Jj
Loop
LLB
141
18
LL
141
LLB
Test
Indicator
TM
142
25
TM
142
TM
Kk
A.2 V.36 Interface Connector
The RIC-E1 V.36 interface is provided via an adapter cable converting between
25-pin RS-530 connector and 37-pin V.36 connector. Table A-2 lists the cable
wiring.
Table A-2. Cable Converting between RS-530 and V.36 Interfaces, Pin Assignment
Signal Function
V.36, 37-Pin
RS-530, 25-pin
Pin
Circuit
Pin
Protective Ground
1
Shield
1
Signal Ground
19
SG
7
AB
DTE Common Return
37
SC
DCE Common Return
20
RC
Transmitted Data
4
22
SD (A)
SD (B)
2
14
BA (A)
BA (B)
Received Data
6
24
RD (A)
RD (B)
3
16
BB (A)
BB (B)
Request to Send
7
25
RS (A)
RS (B)
4
19
CA (A)
CA (B)
Clear to Send
9
CS (A)
CS (B)
5
13
CB (A)
CB (B)
27
Circuit
Data Set Ready
11
29
DM (A)
DM (B)
6
22
CC (A)
CC (B)
Data Terminal Ready
12
30
TR (A)
TR (B)
20
23
CD (A)
CD (B)
A-2
V.36 Interface Connector
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix A Interface Connector Wiring
Table A-2. Cable Converting between RS-530 and V.36 Interfaces, Pin Assignment (Cont.)
Signal Function
V.36, 37-pin
RS-530, 25-pin
Pin
Circuit
Pin
Circuit
Carrier Detect
13
31
RR (A)
RR (B)
8
10
CF (A)
CF (B)
External Transmit Clock
17
35
TT (A)
TT (B)
24
11
DA (A)
DA (B)
Transmit Clock
5
23
ST (A)
ST (B)
15
12
DB (A)
DB (B)
Receive Clock
8
26
RT (A)
RT (B)
17
9
DD (A)
DD (B)
Local Analog Loopback
10
LL
18
LL
Remote Loopback
14
RL
21
RL
Test Indicator
18
TM
25
TM
A.3 Line Interface Connector
The balanced line interface terminates in 8-pin RJ-45 connector, wired in
accordance with Table A-3.
Table A-3. RJ-45 Line Interface Connector, Pin Assignment
Pin
Function
1, 2
Transmit
4, 5
Receive
3, 6
GND
Line Interface Connector
A-3
Appendix A Interface Connector Wiring
A-4
Line Interface Connector
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix B
IR-ETH Interface Module
IR-ETH is an interface module for RAD products, which is used for converting the
Ethernet (10BaseT or 10Base2) electrical levels to the TTL levels. It also converts
the Ethernet protocol to HDLC to enable long-distance transmission and avoid the
Ethernet collision limitation.
IR-ETH includes an internal, self-learning Ethernet bridge, which enables a high
performance link between two Ethernet segments at a low transmission rate. The
low-speed HDLC transmission is sent over the G.703 link.
Figure B-1 shows a typical application using RIC-E1 with IR-ETH module.
Network
G.703
RIC-E1
10BaseT LAN
Figure B-1. Typical Application of RIC-E1 with IR-ETH Module
B.1 IR-ETH Options
Standalone RIC-E1
Figure B-2 shows the rear panel of RIC-E1 with the IR-ETH module.
LINK
10BASE-T
TX
RX
Figure B-2. Rear Panel of the RIC-E1 with IR-ETH Module (10BaseT Connector)
Table B-1 provides the pinout of the IR-ETH RJ-45 connector.
Table B-1. RJ-45 Pinout
Pin
Name
Function
1
TD (+)
Transmit data positive
2
TD (-)
Transmit data negative
3
RD (+)
Receive data positive
6
RD (-)
Receive data negative
IR-ETH Options
B-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix B IR-ETH Interface Module
RIC-E1/R Card
Figure B-3 illustrates the front panel of RIC-E1/R with IR-ETH.
PWR
LINK
ACT
100M
LOS
RIC-E1
Figure B-3. RIC-E1/R with IR-ETH
B-2
IR-ETH Options
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix B IR-ETH Interface Module
B.2 Technical Specifications
General
LAN
LAN Table
10,000 addresses
Filtering and Forwarding
15,000 frames per second
Buffer
256 frames
Delay
1 frame
Standard
Conforms to IEEE 802.3/Ethernet
Data Rate
10 Mbps (20 Mbps 10BaseT FDX)
Connectors
• 10BaseT (UTP): Shielded RJ-45
• 10Base2: BNC connector
WAN
Protocol (internal)
HDLC
Data Rate
E1 (2048 kbps)
B.3 Installation and Operation
Figure B-4 shows the rear panel of the IR-ETH module with 10BaseT connector.
Figure B-5 shows the ERR D4 LED and the DIP switch, which are located on the
reverse side of the IR-ETH module installed in the standalone unit.
The DIP switch and the LED are located on the top panel of the IR-ETH module
installed in the RIC-E1/R card.
Figure B-4. IR-ETH Rear Panel (10BaseT Connector)
Installation and Operation
B-3
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix B IR-ETH Interface Module
Figure B-5. IR-ETH DIP Switch and LED Locations
Setting the DIP Switch
Table B-2 describes functions and default settings of the DIP switch SW-1 sections.
The DIP switch is located on the reverse side of the IR-ETH module. To change the
switch settings, you must undo three screws on the board and detach the module
from the main unit.
Table B-2. DIP Switch Settings
Section
Name
Description
1
SQ/FD
ON – Full-duplex operation
Default Setting
OFF – Half-duplex operation
2
CMP
OFF
ON – Strips padding bits inserted in 64-byte frame
OFF – Transmits frames over WAN as is
3
FIL
–
4
OFF
ON – Passes only frames destined for another LAN
OFF – Disables LAN filter; passes all frames transparently
OFF
–
Permanently OFF
LED Indicators
Table B-3 and Table B-4 list the IR-ETH LED indicators and describe their functions.
Table B-3. IR-ETH LED Indicators, Standalone RIC-E1
LED Name
Description
Location
Color
LINK
ON – Good link integrity
Rear panel
Green
Note: The LINK indicator is not available for the IR-ETH module with BNC connector.
COLL
ON – Collision occurred on the attached Ethernet segment
Rear panel
Yellow
RX
ON – Data is received from the Ethernet attached segment
Rear panel
Yellow
TX
ON – Data is transmitted from RIC-E1 to the attached Ethernet
segment
Rear panel
Yellow
ERR D4
ON – Bridge buffer overrun
IR-ETH board
Red
B-4
Installation and Operation
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix B IR-ETH Interface Module
Table B-4. IR-ETH LED Indicators, RIC-E1/R
LED Name
Description
Location
Color
PWR
ON – RIC-E1/R is powered up
Front panel
Green
LINK
ON – LAN is connected to the IR-ETH module
Front panel
Green
ACT
ON – LAN is receiving/transmitting data
Front panel
Yellow
100M
Not relevant for IR-ETH
Front panel
Green
LOS
ON – No E1 data is received from the link
Front panel
Red
ERR D4
ON – Bridge buffer overrun
On the
IR-ETH board
Red
Connecting the LAN
Use either a straight cable or a cross-cable for the LAN connection.
Use a cross cable when connecting to a port that does not implement the
crossover function internally. Otherwise, use a straight cable.
Note
Hubs usually do implement the crossover function internally, while network
interface cards and other devices do not.
Installation and Operation
B-5
Appendix B IR-ETH Interface Module
B-6
Installation and Operation
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix C
IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
The IR-ETH/QN interface module includes a high performance self-learning Fast
Ethernet bridge, which is connected to the LAN via a single 10BaseT or 100BaseT
port, operating in full or half duplex and providing simple and cost-effective
interconnection between 10/100BaseT LANs. The IR-ETH/QN interface module
also supports IEEE 802.1p frames and IEEE 802.1q frames, enabling VLAN
applications.
The module automatically learns MAC addresses of the LAN to which it is
connected. Its LAN table stores up to 1,024 addresses with 5-minute automatic
aging.
Filtering and forwarding is performed at the maximum theoretical rate of
150,000 packets per second (wire speed). The buffer with 0.512 Mbit SRAM can
hold 85 frames with a throughput latency of one frame. The forwarding of the
multicast messages from LAN to WAN can be disabled.
Figure C-1 shows a typical application using RIC-E1 with IR-ETH/QN module.
Network
G.703
RIC-E1
10/100BaseT LAN
Figure C-1. Typical Application of RIC-E1 with IR-ETH/QN Module
C.1 IR-ETH/QN Options
Standalone RIC-E1
Figure C-2 shows the rear panel of the standalone RIC-E1, equipped with
IR-ETH/QN module. Table C-1 lists the module's RJ-45 connector pinout.
LINK
10/100BASE-T
ACT
100M
LINK
TX
RX
Figure C-2. Rear Panel of RIC-E1 with IR-ETH/QN Module
IR-ETH/QN Options
C-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix C IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
Table C-1. RJ-45 Connector Pinout
Pin
Name
Function
1
TD (+)
Transmit data positive
2
TD (-)
Transmit data negative
3
RD (+)
Receive data positive
6
RD (-)
Receive data negative
RIC-E1/R Card
Figure C-3 illustrates the front panel of RIC-E1/R with IR-ETH/QN.
PWR
LINK
ACT
100M
LOS
RIC-E1
Figure C-3. RIC-E1/R with IR-ETH/QN
C-2
IR-ETH/QN Options
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix C IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
C.2 Technical Specifications
Bridge
LAN
LAN Table
1,024 MAC addresses
Aging
5 minute, automatic
Filtering and
Forwarding Rate
150,000 packets per second
Buffer Size
85 frames
Delay
1 frame
Standard
IEEE 802.3/Ethernet V.2, IEEE 802.1q (relevant parts),
802.1p, 802.3x
Data Rate
• 10BaseT: 10 Mbps
• 100BaseT: 100 Mbps
Transmission Line
4-wire, Category 5 UTP, 19 AWG to 26 AWG
Line Code
• 10BaseT: Manchester
• 100BaseT: MLT3
WAN
Connector
RJ-45
Protocol
Point-to-point
Data Rate
Up to 2048 kbps
C.3 Installation and Operation
Figure C-4 shows the DIP switch locations on the IR-ETH/QN PCB.
SW2
1. 100
2. AN
3. FDX
4. BPR
5. MUL
6. NC
ON
SW1
1. MDI
2. LC1
3. LC2
4. FLC
5. NC
6. NC
7. NC
8. NC
ON
Figure C-4. SW1 and SW2 DIP Switch Locations
Installation and Operation
C-3
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix C IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
Setting the DIP Switches
Configure the IR-ETH/QN module by setting the DIP switches SW1 and SW2 in
accordance with Figure C-4, Table C-2 and Table C-3.
Note
To make the changes effective, you must restart RIC-E1 by turning it off and on.
Table C-2. DIP SW1 Switch Settings
Section
Name
Description
Possible Settings
1
MDI
Enables or disables
automatic MDI/MDIX
crossover
ON – Automatic MDI/MDIX crossover
is disabled
OFF – Automatic MDI/MDIX crossover
is enabled
Factory Setting
OFF
Note: Automatic MDI/MDIX crossover function is available only if the autonegotiation is enabled (see Table C-3).
2,3
LC1, LC2
–
–
–
4
FLC
Enables or disables flow
control
ON – Flow control is enabled
ON
–
–
5-8
NC
Note
OFF – Flow control is disabled
–
Sections 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of the SW1 DIP switch are factory-set and must not be
moved by the user.
Table C-3. DIP Switch SW2 Settings
Section
Name
Description
Possible Settings
1
100
Selects the LAN speed
ON – LAN speed is set to 10 Mbps
OFF – LAN speed is set to 100 Mbps
2
3
4
AN
FDX
BPR
Controls the LAN
autonegotiation
ON – LAN autonegotiation is disabled
Selects the LAN mode
ON – LAN half duplex mode
Controls the backpressure
OFF – LAN autonegotiation is enabled
Factory Setting
OFF
OFF
OFF – LAN full duplex mode
OFF
ON – Backpressure is enabled
ON
OFF – Backpressure is disabled
5
MUL
Controls LAN to WAN
multicasting
ON – Multicast messages from LAN to
WAN are not blocked
ON
OFF – Multicast messages from LAN to
WAN are blocked
6
NC
Note
C-4
–
–
ON
•
Section 6 of the SW2 DIP switch is factory-set and must not be moved by the
user.
•
When autonegotiation is enabled, LAN speed and LAN mode are configured
automatically (sections 1 and 3 are disabled).
Installation and Operation
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix C IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
LED Indicators
Table C-4 lists the IR-ETH/QN LED indicators and describes their functions.
Table C-4. IR-ETH/QN LED Indicators
LED
Color
Function
LINK
Green
ON – LAN is connected
ACT
Yellow
Blinks – Transmit/receive activity is detected on the Ethernet link
100M
Green
ON – LAN is operating at 100 Mbps
Connecting the LAN
Use either a straight cable or a cross cable for the LAN connection.
Use a cross cable when connecting to a port that does not implement the
crossover function internally. Otherwise, use a straight cable.
Note
Hubs usually implement the crossover function internally, while NICs and other
devices do not.
Installation and Operation
C-5
Appendix C IR-ETH/QN Interface Module
C-6
Installation and Operation
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D
IR-IP Interface Module
D.1 Introduction
IR-IP is a high-performance miniature IP router based on RAD's unique IP router
chip, the ChipRouter.
IR-IP works by taking each Ethernet frame from the LAN and determining whether
the IP packet is destined for the IP net on the Ethernet LAN. If not, IR-IP forwards
the packet to the WAN (E1) link. IP packets received from the WAN link are
automatically forwarded to the LAN if the IP net matches.
IR-IP includes hardware filters which handle all filtering operations at wire speed
from both LAN-to-WAN and WAN-to-LAN, without dropping a single packet.
Filtering and forwarding are performed at the maximum rate of 35,000 and
30,000 frames per second (wire speed), respectively. The buffer can hold
256 frames of maximum size of 1534 bytes and a throughput latency of one
frame.
IR-IP is available with 10BaseT (UTP) interface and is fully IEEE 802.3/Ethernet V2
compliant. The IR-IP interface can also operate in full duplex Ethernet
applications.
RIC-E1 equipped with IR-IP can be used as a Frame Relay Access Device (FRAD)
with an integral IP router. RFC 1490 is supported for a single DLCI on the E1 link.
Detection of the DLCI and the maintenance protocol is performed automatically.
This allows the IR-IP to be used as the termination unit of IP services over Frame
Relay at the customer premises, opposite a Frame Relay switch in the backbone.
Alternatively, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) can be run on the WAN link with
automatic negotiation on power-up, as well as support for PAP and CHAP
authentication. With this feature, the IR-IP can operate opposite any PPP
compliant access server or backbone router.
IR-IP supports HDLC, which is especially important for broadcast and multicast
applications where bandwidth overhead is critical.
IR-IP supports IP multicast at wire speed, making it suitable for any multicast
environment including high speed downstream environments, such as satellite and
xDSL. Users on the LAN who register with the IR-IP for an IP multicast group using
the IGsMP protocol filter IP multicast packets at wire-speed.
Management and advanced configuration of the IR-IP module are performed via
Telnet.
Introduction
D-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Application
Figure D-1 shows a typical application of the RIC-E1 interface converter equipped
with the IR-IP module.
G.703
Network
RIC-E1
10BaseT LAN
Figure D-1. Typical Application of RIC-E1 with IR-IP Module
D.2 Technical Specifications
Router
LAN
WAN
LAN IP net
Up to 256 hosts on LAN IP net
Filtering and
Forwarding
30 kbps / 35 kbps
Buffer
256 frames (maximum size – 1534 bytes)
Delay
1 frame
Standard
IEEE 802.3/Ethernet V2
Data Rate
10 Mbps (20 Mbps 10BaseT in full duplex topology)
Connector
10BaseT: Shielded RJ-45
Protocols
• PPP (PAP/CHAP)
• Frame Relay (RFC 1490)
• HDLC
D.3 Physical Description
Standalone RIC-E1
Figure D-2 shows the rear panel of RIC-E1 with the IR-IP module.
ACT
SETUP
LINK
10BASE-T
ERR
ON
TX
RX
INT
Figure D-2. Rear Panel of RIC-E1 with the IR-IP Module
D-2
Physical Description
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
RIC-E1/R Card
Figure D-3 illustrates the front panel of RIC-E1/R with IR-IP.
PWR
LINK
ACT
LOS
IP LEARN
RIC-E1/IP
Figure D-3. RIC-E1/R with IR-IP
Physical Description
D-3
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
IR-IP LEDs
IR-IP contains LEDs, which indicate the module activity. Table D-1 and Table D-2
list the LEDs functions.
Table D-1. IR-IP LEDs Functions (Standalone RIC-E1)
LED
Color
Function
INT
Green
ON – LAN is connected
ACT
Yellow
Blinks – Transmit/receive activity is detected on the Ethernet link
ERR
Red
ON – Buffer overflow occurred (during regular operation)
During power-up, provides additional indications, described below.
Table D-2. IR-IP LEDs Functions (RIC-E1/R Card)
LED
Color
Function
PWR
Green
ON – RIC-E1/R is powered up
LINK
Green
ON – LAN is connected
ACT
Yellow
Blinks – Transmit/receive activity is detected on the Ethernet link
LOS
Red
ON – No E1 data is received from the link
IR-IP Controls
IR-IP module contains a four-section DIP switch, as seen in Figure D-4 and
Figure D-5. Table D-3 lists the DIP switch functions. In addition, RIC-E1/R contains
the IP LEARN pushbutton, which is similar in its functionality to the section 1 of
the IR-IP DIP switch.
Figure D-4. IR-IP DIP Switch (Standalone Unit)
Figure D-5. IR-IP DIP Switch (RIC-E1/R Card)
D-4
Physical Description
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Table D-3. IR-IP Controls
Control
RIC-E1
Function
Values
Enables IR-IP to learn its IP
ON – IP address learning is enabled
Default
Setting
RIC-E1/R
DIP switch, IP LEARN pushbutton,
section 1
DIP switch, section 5
OFF – IP address learning is disabled OFF
Note: IP LEARN pushbutton settings override settings of the DIP switch.
DIP switch, DIP switch, section 4
section 2
Selects the WAN protocol
DIP switch, DIP switch, section 3
section 3
Selects the LAN mode
DIP switch, DIP switch, section 2
section 4
ON – The test loopback is activated
Controls the remote WAN test
loopback, which returns packets
OFF – The test loopback is disabled
received from the WAN back toward
the WAN
–
DIP switch, section 6
ON – Forces default IP password
Allows the user to operate the
and/or no password protection
module in case the IP address and/or
Telnet password are lost
OFF
OFF – IR-IP operates according to
user configuration
–
DIP switch, section 1
Not in use
Note
ON – PPP protocol
OFF – Frame Relay protocol
OFF
ON – Full duplex operation
OFF
OFF – Half duplex operation
OFF
–
–
When using the IP LEARN pushbutton for the IP address configuration, make sure
that the PNL SW jumper (JP5) on the RIC-E1/R PCB is set to EN.
Table D-4 provides the pinout of the IR-IP RJ-45 connector.
Table D-4. RJ-45 Pinout
Pin
Name
Function
1
TD (+)
Transmit data positive
2
TD (-)
Transmit data negative
3
RD (+)
Receive data positive
6
RD (-)
Receive data negative
D.4 IR-IP Management Subsystem, General
The IR-IP interface module management subsystem supports the following
functions:
• Preliminary configuration
•
Configuration of management access parameters
•
Advanced configuration of IR-IP parameters
•
Collection and display of statistical performance data
•
Maintenance functions, which include:
Software downloading
IR-IP Management Subsystem, General
D-5
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Erasing user configuration
Resetting of various subsystems
Display of error log
Ping utility, for checking IP connectivity.
The management subsystem of the IR-IP interface module is a separate,
independent entity. The communication with the IR-IP management subsystem is
made through the local LAN interface connector of the IR-IP module, designated
10BASE-T, using the Telnet protocol. Passwords can be used to prevent
unauthorized access.
Accessing the IR-IP Management Subsystem
The IR-IP interface module must be configured in accordance with the specific
requirements of the user’s application before it can be used in the user’s network.
As a result, it is not possible to supply default parameters to enable IR-IP to start
service without any preliminary configuration.
Therefore, to enable the user to establish Telnet communication and configure
IR-IP, IR-IP is delivered with a factory-default set of parameters. The default
parameters are automatically used:
•
Before IR-IP is configured by the user, e.g., when a new RIC-E1 with IR-IP
interface module is put into operation
•
After the user’s configuration parameters have been erased.
When the factory-default parameters are used, the ERR indicator located on the
RIC-E1 rear panel, near the IR-IP Ethernet interface connector flashes rapidly
(about three times per second). The flashing of the ERR indicator also serves as a
warning to the user that the IR-IP WAN (E1) interface does not send, nor does it
receive packets, and therefore IR-IP can be accessed only from the LAN.
After configuring IR-IP, it starts normal operation and routes the traffic in
accordance with the user-selected configuration parameters.
To change the parameters of an already-configured IR-IP, establish communication
from a Telnet host using the assigned IP address.
Default IP Communication Parameters
The factory-default IP communication parameters of the interface module are:
• The default IP address of the IR-IP Ethernet port is 192.168.205.1, and the
default IP subnet mask is 255.255.255.252.
•
The port will accept IP communication only from the IP address
192.168.205.2. Therefore, as long as the factory defaults are in effect, you
must assign this address to the Telnet host used to configure IR-IP.
Using the IP learning mechanism, as explained below you can change the default
parameters.
D-6
IR-IP Management Subsystem, General
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Rescue Configuration
In case you have forgotten the IP address or the Telnet password, you will
generally not be able to view or modify the IR-IP configuration. The Rescue feature
allows you to overcome this problem.
To allow the IR-IP configuration:
1. Remove RIC-E1/R from the chassis.
2. Set section 6 of the DIP switch to ON.
3. Insert RIC-E1/R back into the chassis.
As soon as RIC-E1/R is powered on, it will respond to the default IP address
and permit entering configuration screens without password protection. All
the other configuration parameters remain unchanged.
4. After setting the parameters to desired values, remove RIC-E1/R from the
chassis and restore section 6 of the DIP switch to OFF.
D.5 Performing Preliminary Configuration
The software necessary for performing all the management and configuration
functions is stored in the IR-IP interface module, and therefore you only need a
regular Telnet host to perform all the activities described in this appendix.
A Telnet host is any computer, e.g., an IBM PC or compatible that fulfills the
following minimum requirements:
• A standard 10BaseT Ethernet interface
•
A TCP/IP protocol stack, and therefore is capable of supporting IP
communication through the Ethernet interface
•
Telnet client software
•
A ping utility.
Outline of Preliminary Configuration
To perform the preliminary configuration procedure:
1. Connect the Telnet host to the IR-IP interface module.
2. Configure the Telnet host to enable communication with the IR-IP interface
module using the default IP parameters.
3. Establish communication with IR-IP and assign the prescribed IP address to its
LAN interface.
4. Establish again communication with IR-IP and continue the preliminary
configuration in accordance with the Quick Setup Menu section below.
Performing Preliminary Configuration
D-7
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Connecting the Telnet Host
Before starting the management and configuration activities, it is necessary to
establish IP communication between your Telnet host and the IR-IP interface
module. For this purpose, it is necessary to provide a communication path.
Because of the method used to assign an IP address to IR-IP Ethernet port, it is
recommended to connect the Telnet host directly to the IP router 10BASE-T
connector. This is made by connecting an Ethernet cross cable between the
Ethernet connector of the Telnet host and the IP router connector.
However, you may also connect through a common LAN: in this case, connect
your Telnet host and IR-IP to Ethernet hub ports using straight cables.
Preliminary Telnet Host Configuration
You can use the IP learning mechanism to configure the IP communication
parameters of the IR-IP LAN interface. In this case, skip to the Assigning the Router
LAN Interface Address section below.
If you prefer to use the factory-default parameters to establish IP communication
between your Telnet host and IR-IP, configure the Telnet host as follows:
1. Temporarily configure the host IP address as 192.168.205.2.
2. The initial destination IP address to be used by the host is 192.168.205.1.
Note
The first step in the preliminary configuration process is to assign the desired IP
address to the LAN interface of the IR-IP interface module.
After an IP address is assigned and saved, you must change the destination IP
address of the Telnet host to the new address, otherwise it is not possible to
continue the configuration process. At the same time, you can also change the
temporary IP address assigned to the host (192.168.205.2) back to its permanent
address.
Assigning the Router LAN Interface Address
The IP address of the IR-IP LAN interface must be configured as part of the
preliminary configuration process. To simplify this process, IR-IP includes a simple
and convenient IP address learning mechanism.
The IP address can be configured and changed at any time, even after the
complete IR-IP configuration process has been performed, because it does not
affect other configuration parameters. Moreover, the IP subnet mask is
automatically adapted to the new IP address.
IP Learning Mechanism
To simplify the configuration process, IR-IP has a special mechanism for
configuring the IP address of its LAN interface. Setting section 1, called IP address
learning, of the IR-IP DIP switch (Figure D-4) to ON enables this mechanism.
For RIC-E1/R the IP learning procedure is performed by pressing the IP LEARN
pushbutton on the card panel.
Note
D-8
The IP learning mechanism enables IR-IP to learn its LAN interface IP address by
receiving frames sent by a ping utility to the prescribed LAN IP address.
To use the IP learning mechanism, you do not need to know the current address of
IR-IP LAN interface, but only the prescribed IP address.
Performing Preliminary Configuration
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
The IP address is actually retrieved from the ARP frames sent during pinging to
locate the ping destination, not from the ping frames.
To ensure that the process is correctly performed, it is recommended to check the
contents of the ARP table before starting the ping utility, to make sure that it does
not contain the address to be assigned to the IP router LAN interface.
To view and edit the ARP table contents:
If the Telnet host you are using runs under Microsoft Inc. Windows™ 95, 98 or
NT, use the following procedure to view and edit the ARP table contents:
1. Display the table using the arp -a command.
2. If the table includes the intended IP address, remove it from the table using
the arp -d command.
If for some reason the IP learning process does not succeed, before repeating it
make sure to remove the IP address from the table.
Assigning a LAN IP Address to a New IR-IP
The following procedure enables you to configure the LAN IP address of a new
IR-IP router, i.e., a router using the default parameters (see the Accessing the IR-IP
Management Subsystem section above).
If RIC-E1 is already operating, skip Step 2 in the following procedure.
To configure the IP router LAN address:
1. Make sure the preparations described above have been completed, including
the configuration of the ping utility.
2. Turn RIC-E1 on and monitor the IP router indicators:
The INT (LINK for RIC-E1/R) indicator turns on
The ERR indicator lights steadily for approx. 15 seconds, and then starts
flashing at a rapid rate (about three times per second).
If the ERR indicator turns off, skip to the What to Do If ... section below.
3. Set section 1 of IR-IP DIP switch to ON or push the IP LEARN pushbutton on
the RIC-E1/R panel.
The ERR indicator starts flashing faster (approximately four times a second).
4. Send a ping to the new address to be used by IR-IP. A confirmation should be
received after the third ping: after the confirmation, the flashing will slow
down to approximately twice a second.
If your host does not begin to receive ping replies after three unsuccessful
attempts, skip to the What to Do If ... section below.
5. Return section 1 of the IR-IP DIP switch to the OFF position or push IP LEARN
again to return the button to its initial position.
The ERR indicator must turn off.
At this stage, the communication with IR-IP router is lost, because its IP address
has been changed. Therefore, you must reconfigure the destination IP address of
the Telnet host. If you wish, you may also change the temporary IP address
assigned to the host (192.168.205.2) back to its permanent address.
Performing Preliminary Configuration
D-9
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
After changing the destination IP address of the Telnet host, it is recommended to
turn RIC-E1 off for a few seconds and then back on, before continuing the
configuration of the IP router in accordance with the Quick Setup Menu section
below. At this time, in Step 2 the ERR indicator turns off after the 15-second
interval.
Changing the LAN IP Address of a Configured IR-IP
The LAN IP address of an already-configured IR-IP can be changed while it
operates, this means it is not necessary to turn RIC-E1 off before starting the
configuration procedure. Note however that the IP traffic flow through IR-IP will
be disrupted until the other stations in the IP network learn the new address.
To change the LAN IP address of an already-configured IR-IP, use the procedure
described above for a new IR-IP with the following differences:
1. Configure the destination address of the ping utility to the new LAN interface
IP address. It is not necessary to change the Telnet host source address.
2. When ready, set section 1 of the IR-IP DIP switch to ON or push the IP LEARN
pushbutton on the RIC-E1/R panel.
The ERR indicator starts flashing faster (approximately four times a second).
3. Perform Steps 4, 5 of the procedure used for a new IR-IP.
What to Do If ...
After RIC-E1 is turned on, the INT (LINK for RIC-E1/R) indicator does not light
The IR-IP interface module does not receive power from the RIC-E1 power supply.
Service is required.
After RIC-E1 is turned on, the ERR indicator does not light
IR-IP is faulty and must be replaced.
After turn-on, the ERR indicator lights for 15 seconds and then turns off. ACT
does not light, and there is no response from IR-IP
No software loaded into IR-IP. Download software using the procedure described
in the New Software Download Menu section below.
After turn-on, the ERR indicator lights for 15 seconds, and then turns off. ACT
lights from time to time, but there is no response from IR-IP
IR-IP has been configured. If you do not know the current IP address of the LAN
interface, erase IR-IP router configuration using the procedure given in the Erasing
User’s Configuration section below.
No ping replies from IR-IP
If your host does not begin to receive ping replies after three unsuccessful
attempts, check the physical connection path between the Telnet host Ethernet
interface and the IR-IP 10BASE-T connector.
The IP learning process is not successful
Check that the prescribed IP address does not appear in the ARP table.
D-10
Performing Preliminary Configuration
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
D.6 IR-IP Management Utility
General Operating Procedures
The IR-IP interface module is managed via a simple, menu-driven utility that uses a
basic terminal user interface. A typical screen is shown in Figure D-6.
As seen in Figure D-6, each screen has a header that identifies the device being
configured and its logical name, assigned by the user, followed by the running
software revision and date. The bottom line of the screen displays prompts that
guide you in the execution of the various activities.
Use the following general procedures to perform the desired activity:
• To change a parameter or to select a menu item, type the corresponding line
number.
Note
•
For a parameter, which has a discrete set of values, the parameter values are
enclosed in brackets [ ]. To select a new value, press the spacebar to scroll
among the available values until the desired value is displayed, and then press
<Enter> to select the displayed value.
•
To enter a value which requires free text entry, type in the desired string and
then press <Enter>. Use backspace to erase the current string.
•
After all the parameters have been selected, a prompt appears, requesting that
you confirm the changes.
For proper display of the screens, you must:
• Select a fixed-pitch system font for the display. Use your operating system
documentation to find how to select a proper font.
•
Configure the Telnet utility to use VT-100 terminal emulation.
Starting a Management Utility
The management utility is started automatically when Telnet communication is
established. If password protection is enabled (see the Management Access Menu
section below), you will be prompted to enter the Telnet password. The opening
screen, which appears after the Telnet session activation, is the IR-IP Main menu
(see Figure D-6).
IR_IP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
View
Diagnostic Tool (PING terminal)
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-6. IR-IP Main Menu
To end the utility, press <Esc> when the Main menu is displayed. This will also
end the Telnet session.
IR-IP Management Utility
D-11
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Menu Structure of Management Utility
Figure D-7 shows the menu structure of the IR-IP management utility.
Main Menu
1. Quick Setup
2. Management
Access
3. Advanced Setup
1.Telenet Password
2. Telenet Activity Timeout
3. SNMP Access
4. SNMP Read Community
5. SNMP Write Community
6. SNMP Trap Community
7. SNMP Management Table
1. LAN IP Address
2. LAN IP Mask
3. WAN IP Address
4. WAN IP Mask
5. Default Gateway
6. DHCP Server Address
7. Read Protocol From DIP Switches
8. Protocol
1. Device Identification
1. Device Name
2. Contact Person
3. System Location
4. Device Control
1. New Software Download
1. Server IP Address
2. File Name
3. Total Timeout
4. Start Operation
2. Interface Parameters
1. LAN Status
2. WAN Status
3. WAN Throttle
4. Aging Timeout
2. View Error Log
3. Protocol Parameters (FR)
1. Self Learn
2. Maintenance Protocol
3. DLCI
4. CIR
5. EIR
4. Resets
1. Reset Device
2. Reset LAN
3. Reset WAN
5. View
1. Configuration and Connection
2. ARP Tables
3. Multicast Groups Table
4. Statistics
6. Diagnostic Tool
PING Terminal
1. Ping IP Address
2. Start Pinging
3. Stop Pinging
3. Erase Configuration
3. Protocol Parameters (PPP)
1. Header and Control Field Compression
2. Protocol Field Compression
3. Authentication Protocol
4. Security Host/Guest
5. User Name To Send
6. Password To Send
7. User Name To Accept
8. Password To Accept
4. Multicast
1. Multicast Forwarding
2. Static Groups
Figure D-7. Management Utility, Menu Structure
D.7 Quick Setup Menu
The Quick Setup menu is used to select the main parameters’ values that must be
defined before you start using IR-IP.
Use the Advanced Setup menu (see the Advanced Setup Menu section below) to
specify values for other IR-IP configuration parameters not included in this menu.
To access the Quick Setup menu:
•
From the Main menu, type 1.
The Quick Setup menu appears (Figure D-8).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
=====================================================================
1. LAN IP Address
:192.168.100.001
2. LAN IP Mask
:255.255.255.000
3. WAN IP Address (empty for unnumbered)
4. WAN IP Mask (empty for unnumbered)
:...............
:...............
5.
6.
7.
8.
:...............
:...............
:[ Yes ]
:[ Frame Relay ]
Default Gateway (empty - WAN interface)
DHCP Server IP Address (empty for relay disabled)
Read Protocol From DIP Switches
Protocol
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-8. Quick Setup Menu
D-12
Quick Setup Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
LAN IP Address
Used to enter the IP address for the IP router LAN interface. This is the address to
which nodes connected to the local LAN send packets addressed to the WAN.
LAN IP Mask
Used to enter the IP subnet mask. The IP router supports a maximum of 254 hosts
on the LAN, therefore you must use Class C subnet masks. The basic subnet IP
mask for Class C addresses, which supports the maximum possible number of
hosts, 254, is 255.255.255.0. To help you understand the selection of IP subnet
masks, Figure D-9 provides a configuration example for a LAN with 6 nodes: the IP
subnet mask for a 6-node IP network is 255.255.255.248.
RIC-E1 with IR-IP
LAN IP Address: 192.168.1.2
Mask: 255.255.255.248
IP Address
192.168.1.2
Mask
255.255.255.248
Default Gateway
192.168.1.1
.3
.248
192.168.1.1
.4
.248
192.168.1.1
.5
.248
192.168.1.1
.6
.248
192.168.1.1
Figure D-9. Selecting the IP Subnet Mask
WAN IP Address
Used to enter the IP address for the IR-IP WAN interface, i.e., the IP address to be
used by IP hosts on the WAN to reach this IR-IP interface module.
If the WAN IP Address field remain blank, IR-IP operates in the Unnumbered
Router Mode.
WAN IP Mask
Used to enter the IP subnet mask for the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Operation without Default Gateway
The IP interface module is intended to enable the extension of LANs through the
RIC-E1 E1 link. Therefore, its default routing operation is different from the default
routing operation of standard IP routers:
• IR-IP forwards packets with destinations not located on the local LAN through
the WAN interface
•
Packets received from the WAN interface and destined to hosts located on the
local LAN are forwarded to the LAN; other packets are discarded.
The default operation is used when the Default Gateway field is blank.
Quick Setup Menu
D-13
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Operation with Default Gateway
You can instruct IR-IP to send packets with destinations not located on the local
LAN to a specific router, which is called the default gateway. The default gateway
must be connected to the local LAN.
Note
To use this option, enter the IP address of another router attached to the local LAN
in the Default Gateway field.
It is very important to obtain the correct parameters from the system administrator
or ISP. The most common problem when establishing an IP connection is incorrect
configuration of IP parameters and default gateway. Do not try to guess these
parameters.
DHCP Relay
IR-IP can operate as a DHCP relay for computers on its LAN. In this mode, the
user does not need to configure the IP addresses and other related parameters for
the PCs on the LAN: they receive the configuration from the DHCP server via the
IR-IP module.
IP Network
DHCP Server
LAN IP Address: 192.168.1.2
Mask: 255.255.255.248
RIC-E1 with IR-IP
Figure D-10. DNCP Relay Operation
To configure the IR-IP as a DHCP relay:
•
Note
From the Quick Setup menu, select DHCP Server IP Address and enter the IP
address of the DHCP server.
Leaving the DHCP Server IP Address field blank disables the DHCP relay.
Read Protocol from DIP Switches
Selecting YES for this parameter forces IR-IP router card to use the WAN protocol
selected by section 2 of its DIP switch: PPP or Frame Relay.
If you want to be able to select the WAN protocol by means of the Protocol field
(parameter 7) of the Quick Setup menu, select NO.
D-14
Quick Setup Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Protocol
Used to select the WAN protocol to be used by the IP router card: PPP, HDLC or
Frame Relay.
This parameter is available only if the Read Protocol from DIP Switches parameter
is set to NO.
D.8 Management Access Menu
The Management Access menu is used to enable the use of passwords to protect
the access to IR-IP management utility, and control the inactivity time-out interval.
When password protection is enabled, a Telnet management session can start only
after the correct password is entered.
To access the Management Access menu:
•
From the Main menu, type 2.
The Management Access menu appears (Figure D-11).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
=====================================================================
1. Telnet Password
:..........
2. Telnet Inactivity Timeout (min)
:300..
3. SNMP Access
:Disabled
4. SNMP Read Community
:public....
5. SNMP Write Community
:public....
6. SNMP Trap Community
:public....
7. SNMP Management Table
:>>>
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-11. Management Access Menu
Note
Since the IP router card does not support SNMP management, the SNMP Read
Community, SNMP Write Community, SNMP Trap Community, and SNMP
Management Table parameters are not used.
Telnet Password
By default, management access to IR-IP via Telnet is unrestricted. To restrict
access, enter a Telnet password by selecting 1 in the Management Access menu.
The password can include up to 10 characters, and is case-sensitive. The next time
a Telnet session is opened, a password must be entered to enable you to access
the IR-IP menus.
At any time, only one Telnet connection to IR-IP is permitted. Any attempt to
open an additional connection while the current session is open is rejected.
Management Access Menu
D-15
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Telnet Inactivity Timeout
This parameter specifies the time a Telnet session is kept open when there is no
keyboard activity. When the specified time-out expires, the Telnet session is closed
and another user can access IR-IP.
D.9 Advanced Setup Menu
The Advanced Setup menu is used to select the desired group of IR-IP
configuration parameters.
The parameters accessed through Advanced Setup menu supplement the
parameters available on the Quick Setup screen, by providing control over all the
other IR-IP parameters.
To access the Advanced Setup menu:
•
From the Main menu, press 3.
The Advanced Setup menu appears (Figure D-12).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
=====================================================================
1. Device identification
2. Interface Parameters
3. Protocol Parameters
4. Multicast IP
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-12. Advanced Setup Menu
Device Identification Menu
The Device Identification menu is used to define and store in the IR-IP logistic
information: the logical name of IR-IP, information on the contact person and
device location.
To access the Device Identification menu:
• From the Advanced Setup menu, type 1.
The Device Identification menu appears (Figure D-13).
D-16
Advanced Setup Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
IR_IP
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
.....................................................................
Device identification
=====================================================================
1. Device Name
:IR-IP..
2. Contact Person
:Name of contact Person
3. System Location
:The location of this device
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-13. Device Identification Menu
Device Name
Select this parameter to assign an arbitrary name to IR-IP for identification by the
system manager (up to eight characters). The assigned name is displayed in the
screen header.
Contact Person
Select this parameter to enter the name of the person to be contacted with matters
pertaining to this equipment unit.
System Location
Select this parameter to enter the physical location of the device.
Interface Parameters Menu
The Interface Parameters menu is used to control the operation of IR-IP interfaces.
To access the Interface Parameters menu:
•
From the Advanced Setup menu, type 2.
The Interface Parameters menu appears (Figure D-14).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
.................................................................
Device identification
Interface Parameters
=================================================================
1. LAN Status
:[ Open ]
2. WAN Status
:[ Open ]
3. WAN Throttle
:[ Full ]
4. Aging Timeout (min)
:5.
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-14. Interface Parameters Menu
Advanced Setup Menu
D-17
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
LAN Status
Used to enable/disable the flow of packets through LAN interface:
• Open – the flow of packets is enabled.
•
Closed – the flow of packets is disabled. As a result, IR-IP does not accept, nor
sends packets to the LAN, but its WAN interface may still be active, and can
interact with other IP hosts on the WAN.
WAN Status
Used to enable/disable the flow of packets through the WAN interface:
• Open – the flow of packets is enabled.
•
Closed – the flow of packets through the WAN interface is disabled. As a
result, IR-IP does not accept from, nor sends packets to the WAN. However,
the LAN interface of the IP router is still active.
WAN Throttle
This parameter specifies the maximum data rate at which data is sent to the WAN
(i.e., to the E1 link). Since RIC-E1 operates only in the unframed mode, the only
relevant parameter for the WAN throttle is Full (2048 kbps).
Aging Timeout
Used to specify the time after which inactive LAN stations are removed from the
IR-IP ARP table.
A station is defined as inactive when no IP traffic is received from it by the IR-IP
LAN interface.
WAN Protocol Parameters – Frame Relay Protocol Menu
The Frame Relay Protocol Parameters menu is used to configure the parameters
Frame Relay WAN for protocol (the WAN protocol is selected by means of the
Quick Setup Menu) in Figure D-8.
To access the Protocol Parameters menu:
•
From the Advanced Setup menu, type 3.
Self Learn
Used to specify whether the Frame Relay DLCI and maintenance protocol is
learned automatically (ENABLED), or is manually entered (DISABLED).
Maintenance Protocol
When the Self Learn parameter is DISABLED, use this parameter to specify the
desired maintenance protocol.
DLCI
When the Self Learn parameter is DISABLED, use this parameter to specify the
DLCI used for exchanging maintenance protocol messages.
D-18
Advanced Setup Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
CIR
Used to specify the maximum amount of data, in bits, which the Frame Relay
network guarantees to transfer during the measurement interval (the measurement
interval is usually one second).
The value of this parameter is obtained from your Frame Relay service provider.
EIR
Used to specify the maximum amount of data, in bits, that the Frame Relay
network will attempt to deliver during the measurement interval. The value of this
parameter is obtained from the Frame Relay service provider.
A typical Frame Relay Protocol Parameters menu is shown in Figure D-15.
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
.....................................................................
Device identification
Interface Parameters
Protocol Parameters
=====================================================================
1. Self Learn
:[ Enabled ]
2. Maintenance Protocol
:[ ANSI T1.617 ANNEX D ]
3. DLCI (0-None)
:0..
4. CIR
:0.......
5. EIR
:64000...
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-15. Frame Relay Protocol Parameters Menu
WAN Protocol Parameters – PPP Protocol
The PPP Protocol Parameters menu is used to configure the parameters PPP WAN
for protocol (the WAN protocol is selected by means of the (the WAN protocol is
selected by means of the Quick Setup Menu) in Figure D-8.
To access the Protocol Parameters menu:
•
From the Advanced Setup menu, type 3.
Header and Control Field Compression
Used to control the use of header and control field compression type according to
RFC 1661. It is strongly recommended that this compression be used for
troubleshooting only.
Protocol Field Compression
Used to control the use of protocol field compression type according to RFC 1661.
It is strongly recommended that this compression be used for troubleshooting only.
Authentication Protocol
Used to select the authentication protocol used by an IP router configured as host
to validate incoming connections.
Advanced Setup Menu
D-19
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Security Host/Guest
This option can be used to configure the IP router either as a guest unit, to be
authenticated by another router, or as a host unit, that authenticates other routers.
User Name To Send
The name by which an IP router card configured as guest identifies itself.
Password To Send
The password by which an IP router card configured as guest identifies itself.
User Name To Accept
The user name to be accepted by an IP router configured as host, when an
incoming connection request is received.
Password To Accept
The user password to be accepted by an IP router configured as host, when an
incoming connection request is received.
A typical PPP Protocol Parameters menu is shown in Figure D-16.
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
.....................................................................
Device identification
Interface Parameters
Protocol Parameters
=====================================================================
1. Header and Control Field Compression
:[ No ]
2. Protocol Field Compression:
:[ No ]
3. Authentication Protocol
:[ NONE/NONE ]
4. Security Host / Guest
:[ Guest ]
5. User Name To Send
:.................
6. Password To Send
:.................
7. User Name To Accept
:.................
8. Password To Accept
:.................
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-16. PPP Protocol Parameters Menu
Multicast IP Menu
The Multicast IP menu is used to specify the IP multicast frame forwarding
parameters, and to access the static multicast groups’ table.
To access the Multicast IP menu:
•
From the Advanced Setup menu, press 4.
The Multicast IP menu appears (Figure D-17).
D-20
Advanced Setup Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
IR_IP
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
.....................................................................
Device identification
Interface Parameters
Protocol Parameters
Multicast IP
=====================================================================
1. Multicast forwarding
:[ Disable ]
2. Static groups
:>>>
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-17. Multicast IP Menu
Multicast Forwarding
Used to control the forwarding of IP multicast frames. The following selections are
available:
•
DISABLED – Disables multicast forwarding in both directions.
•
LAN to WAN – Enables forwarding of IP multicast frames addressed to groups
appearing in the Static Multicast Groups table, from the LAN to the WAN.
•
WAN to LAN – Enables forwarding of IP multicast frames addressed to groups
appearing in the Static Multicast Groups table, from the WAN to the LAN.
•
BIDIRECTIONAL – Enables forwarding of IP multicast frames addressed to
groups appearing in the Static Multicast Groups table, in both directions.
•
WAN to LAN + IGMP – Enables forwarding of IP multicast frames addressed to
groups appearing in the Static Multicast Groups table, from the WAN to the LAN.
In addition, more groups can be added dynamically (the additional can be viewed
using the View menu – Figure D-22).
•
TRANSPARENT – All the IP multicast frames are forwarded, irrespective of the
Static Multicast Groups table.
Advanced Setup Menu
D-21
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Static Groups
Select this parameter to access the static multicast groups table. The table is used
to specify the IP addresses for up to 10 IP multicast groups. To access the Static
Groups menu:
•
From the Multicast IP menu, type 2.
The following screen appears:
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Static Multicast Groups Table
----------------------------Group IP Address
1. ................
2. ................
3. ................
4. ................
5. ................
6. ................
7. ................
8. ................
9. ................
10. ...............
Press 'A'-add, 'E'-edit, 'D'-delete, 'C'-clear all, 'ESC'-exit:
Figure D-18. Static Multicast Groups Table
D.10
Device Control Menu
The Device Control menu is used to download software from TFTP servers and
perform interface and device resets.
To access the Device Control menu:
•
From the Main menu, type 4.
The Device Control menu appears (Figure D-19).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
---------------------------------------------------------1. New Software Download
2. View error LOG
3. Erase Configuration
4. Resets
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-19. Device Control Menu
D-22
Device Control Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
New Software Download Menu
IR-IP operates as a TFTP client, and therefore it is possible to update its software
by downloading new software from another computer that operates as a TFTP
server.
The New Software Download menu is used to specify the software downloading
parameters.
To access the New Software Download menu:
•
From the Device Control submenu, type 1.
New Software Download menu appears (Figure D-20).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
.....................................................................
New Software Download
=====================================================================
1. Server IP Address
:...............
2. File Name
:...................
3. Total Timeout (sec)
:..
4. Start operation
:>>>
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-20. New Software Download Menu
Server IP Address
Used to enter the IP address of the TFTP server.
File Name
Used to enter the name and path of the file to be transferred from the TFTP server.
Total Timeout
Used to enter the time IP router should wait for an acknowledgment from the
TFTP server, for example 60 seconds.
Start Operation
After selecting all the necessary parameters, type 4 on the New Software
Download screen and then press <Enter> to start the downloading.
You can follow the progress of the downloading process (indicated by arrows).
Upon completion of the download process, the unit performs a reset. The Telnet
connection is lost and must be restarted if required.
Viewing Error Log Screen
This item of the Device Control submenu is used to view the error log file. This file
logs errors detected in IR-IP for debug and technical support purposes.
Device Control Menu
D-23
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Erasing Configuration
Selecting this item allows you to reset all the configuration parameters to their
default values.
Note
• Do this only if you need to reconfigure the module anew (all the parameters).
• After erase confirmation all connections with the IR-IP module will be lost. For
instructions on further configuration, refer to Performing Preliminary
Configuration on page D-7.
Resets Menu
The Resets menu allows you to perform reset of IR-IP, or its interfaces.
This operation can be used to restore normal operation after service is disrupted
by an abnormal condition. Any data stored in the IR-IP buffers is discarded, and
the flow of traffic is temporarily interrupted.
To access the Resets menu:
•
From the Device Control menu, type 3.
The following screen appears:
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
.....................................................................
New Software Download
View error LOG
Erase Configuration
Resets
=====================================================================
1. Reset Device
2. Reset LAN
3. Reset WAN
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-21. Resets Menu
Resetting Device
To restart IR-IP:
•
From the Resets menu, type 1.
You will be prompted to confirm the reset operation.
Note
Resetting the device will restart the IR-IP interface module, and therefore traffic flow
is temporarily interrupted, and the Telnet connection is lost.
Resetting LAN
To reset the LAN interface:
• From the Resets menu, type 2.
You will be prompted to confirm the reset operation.
D-24
Device Control Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Note
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
This operation restarts the IR-IP LAN controller.
To continue your Telnet session, press any key within 15 seconds following the
confirmation of the reset operation.
Resetting WAN
To reset the WAN interface:
• From the Resets menu, type 3.
You will be prompted to confirm the reset operation.
Note
Resetting the WAN interface causes the WAN controller to be restarted. This results
in renegotiation of the WAN protocol parameters.
To continue your Telnet session, press any key within 15 seconds following the
confirmation of the reset operation.
D.11
View Menu
The View menu is used to view the IR-IP configuration data, and display
information on its ARP tables, multicast Groups tables and statistics.
To access the View menu:
• From the Main menu, type 5.
The View menu appears (Figure D-22).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
View
---------------------------------------------------------1. Configuration and Connection
2. ARP Tables
3. Multicast Groups Table
4. Statistics
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-22. View Menu
Configuration and Connection
This screen is used to view the configuration parameters of IR-IP. In addition, you
can also view the current status of the LAN and WAN interface.
To access the Configuration and Connection screen:
•
From the View menu, type 1.
The View Configuration screen appears (Figure D-23).
View Menu
D-25
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
BOOT Version
Device Name
System Location
Contact Person
VIEW CONFIGURATION
-----------------:X.XX XX.XX.XXXX
:IP router card
:The location of this device
:Name of contact Person
MAC Address
Default Gateway
: 00-20-D2-XX-XX-XX
: WAN
Intrf Type
Baud(Kbps) Prot
IP Address
IP Mask
Status
.....................................................................
LAN
UTP
------Ethr
192.168.205.005
255.255.255.000
Connected
WAN
V.110
FR
Not Conn.
Press any key to continue:
Figure D-23. View Configuration Screen
ARP Tables
This screen is used to display the IR-IP ARP table. This table shows the IP address
assigned to each station on the LAN (the stations are identified by their MAC
addresses).
To access the ARP Tables screen:
•
From the View menu, type 2.
The ARP Tables screen appears (Figure D-24).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
ARP Table
--------IP Address
MAC Address
192.168.205.003
00-40-33-20-C8-3C
IP Address
Press any key for exit
Figure D-24. ARP Tables Screen
D-26
View Menu
MAC Address
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Multicast Groups Table Screen
This screen is used to display information about the multicast group IP addresses
and their status.
To access the Multicast Groups Table screen:
•
In the View menu, type 3.
The Multicast Groups Table screen appears (Figure D-25).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Multicast Groups Table
---------------------Group IP Address Status
Group IP Address Status
Press any key for exit
Figure D-25. Multicast Groups Table Screen
Statistics Screen
The Statistics screen is used to display statistical information on the traffic between
the networks connected by IR-IP. The data displayed on this screen enables you to
evaluate the IR-IP performance. Two different Statistics screens are used, one for
the LAN side and the other for the WAN side.
To access the Statistics menu:
•
In the View menu, type 4.
The LAN and WAN Statistics screens appear (Figure D-26 and Figure D-27).
IR_IP
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
LAN
Counter Name
in Octets
Unicast Frames In
Non-Unicast Frames In
Out Octets
Unicast Frames Out
Non-Unicast Frames Out
to WAN Frames Passed
IP Datagram Received
to CPU Frames Discarded
to WAN Frames Discarded
Out Errors
RX Frames Errors
MAC Receive Errors
MAC TX Errors
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
SYSTEM STATISTICS
----------------Val
Counter Name
83504
LAN IP Header Errors
1
LAN IP Address Errors
9
LAN Alignment Errors
83504
LAN CRC Errors
3560
LAN Single Collisions
0
LAN Multiple Collisions
1698
LAN Late Collisions
2638
LAN Excessive Collisions
0
LAN Frames Too Long Errors
0
LAN RX FIFO Overrun Error
0
LAN SQE Transmitted
0
LAN Deferred Frames
0
LAN Carrier Sense Lost
0
LAN FIFO Underrun
Val
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
N - Next Screen. ESC - Back To Previous Menu.
R - Refresh Page. C - Clear The Counters Of This Page.
Figure D-26. LAN Statistics Screen
View Menu
D-27
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
IR_IP
WAN
WAN
WAN
WAN
WAN
WAN
WAN
WAN
WAN
<IR-IP>
Counter Name
in Octets
Out Octets
Out Frames
to LAN Frames Transfer
IP Datagram Received
to CPU Discarded
to LAN Discarded
Out Errors
CRC Errors
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
SYSTEM STATISTICS
----------------Val
Counter Name
83504
WAN Alignment Errors
1950
WAN Aborted Frames
1723
WAN Short Frames
1698
WAN RX FIFO Overrun Error
1723
WAN to CPU Frames Errors
0
WAN Frame Too Long Errors
0
WAN IP Header Errors
0
WAN IP Addres Errors
0
PPP Address Error
PPP Control Error
DLCI Unrecognized Error
Frame Relay Forward Conge
Frame Relay Backward Conge
Val
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P - Previous Screen. ESC - Back To Previous Menu.
R - Refresh Page. C - Clear The Counters Of This Page.
Figure D-27. WAN Statistics Screen
D.12
Diagnostic Tool (Ping Terminal) Menu
This section provides information on the diagnostic tool provided with IR-IP.
To access the Diagnostic Tools menu:
• In the Main menu, type 6.
The Diagnostic Tools menu appears (Figure D-28).
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
View
Diagnostic Tools (PING terminal)
=====================================================================
1. Ping IP Address
:192.168.100.011
2. Start Pinging
:>>>
3. Stop Pinging
:>>>
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-28. Diagnostic Tools Menu
D-28
Diagnostic Tool (Ping Terminal) Menu
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Using the Ping Function
The Ping option is used to confirm IP connectivity by pinging other IP hosts.
Connectivity is confirmed by receiving a reply from the remote (pinged) IP host.
To ping a host:
1. From the Diagnostic Tools menu, type 1 and enter the desired host IP address.
2. Press <Enter> to confirm the destination IP address.
3. To start pinging, type 2 on the Diagnostic Tools screen.
After pinging starts, you can monitor the ping status. A typical screen is
shown in Figure D-29.
Note
After pinging is started, it continues in the background even if you exit the
Diagnostics Tools screen. In this case, a Ping Running message appears in the top
upper left-hand corner of the screen.
4. To stop pinging, type 3 from the Diagnostic Tools menu.
A Ping Stopped message is displayed.
To clear the message and return to the Diagnostic Tools screen, press any
key.
IR_IP
<IR-IP>
S/W Ver. 1.21 31/IR (date)
Quick Setup
Management Access
Advanced Setup
Device Control
View
Diagnostic Tools (PING terminal)
=====================================================================
1. Ping IP Address
:192.168.100.011
2. Start Pinging
:>>>
3. Stop Pinging
:>>>
Pinging 192.168.212.001 Sent 27 Recvd 25
Lost 2
Resp.Time 60 ms
Press one of the numbers to select or ESC:
Figure D-29. Diagnostic Tools Menu after Receiving Pinging Response
Diagnostic Tool (Ping Terminal) Menu
D-29
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
D.13
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Erasing User’s Configuration
The user-defined configuration parameters are stored in the IP router card flash
memory. After the user-defined configuration parameters are erased, the IP router
card automatically loads the factory-default parameters.
You may want to erase the current configuration parameters:
1. Before IR-IP is prepared for operation in a new application.
2. When you cannot configure IR-IP because its current LAN-interface IP address
and/or the Telnet password, are not known.
To erase the user’s configuration:
1. Turn RIC-E1 off.
2. Set all the four sections of the IR-IP DIP switch (Figure D-4) to ON.
3. Turn RIC-E1 on and monitor the ERR indicator: it must turn on and start
blinking.
Note
4. While the ERR indicator is blinking (within 15 seconds), set sections 1 and 2 of
the DIP switch to OFF.
When the ERR indicator stops blinking and lights steadily, the IP router
configuration becomes erased.
If you do not set sections 1 and 2 to OFF within 15 seconds of power-up, the IP
router card ignores the setting of all the four sections to ON and starts normal
operation. In this case, it is recommended to turn the RIC-E1 off and then back on.
To abort the whole operation, turn RIC-E1 off, return all the four-switch section to
the desired positions, and then turn the RIC-E1 on again.
5. Turn RIC-E1 off, and the return all the four sections of the DIP switch to the
desired positions.
D.14
Erasing IR-IP Software
You may erase the IR-IP application software, without erasing the user-defined
parameters.
After the application software is erased, IR-IP starts its TFTP server application, and
waits for the downloading of software by a TFTP client connected to its LAN
interface. The procedure to be used to download the application software in this
case is also described below.
You may want to erase the application software if the downloading of new
software using the Device Control menu (see Figure D-19) fails, and the IP router
card does not function properly.
D-30
Erasing IR-IP Software
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
Erasing Application Software
To erase the application software:
1. Turn RIC-E1 off.
2. Set all the four sections of IR-IP DIP switch to ON.
3. Turn RIC-E1 on and monitor the IP router ERR indicator: it must turn on and
start blinking.
4. While the ERR indicator is blinking (within 15 seconds), set sections 3 and 4 of
the DIP switch to OFF.
Note
When the ERR indicator stops blinking and lights steadily, the IP router
configuration becomes erased.
If you do not set sections 3 and 4 to OFF within 15 seconds of power-up, IR-IP
ignores the setting of all the four sections to ON and starts normal operation. In this
case, it is recommended to turn RIC-E1 off and then back on.
Alternately, to abort the whole operation, turn RIC-E1 off, return all the four
switches to the desired positions, and then turn RIC-E1 on again.
5. Turn RIC-E1 off, and the return all the four sections of the DIP switch to the
desired positions.
Downloading New Software
After erasing the application software, you can download new software from any
computer that can serve as a TFTP client.
To enable the downloading, IR-IP automatically activates its TFTP server
application with the following factory-default IP parameters:
• IP address:
192.168.205.1
•
Subnet mask:
255.255.255.252.
Connect the computer serving as a TFTP client to the IR-IP 10BASE-T connector in
the way as a Telnet host used for preliminary configuration (see the Performing
Preliminary Configuration section). The computer IP parameters must be
configured as follows:
• IP address
192.168.205.2
•
Subnet mask
255.255.255.252
•
Default gateway
192.168.205.1
To download new software:
1. If necessary, turn RIC-E1 off.
2. Set all the four sections of the IR-IP DIP switch to OFF.
3. Turn RIC-E1 on and monitor the ERR indicator: it must start flashing.
4. Connect the computer to the IP router LAN interface and configure its IP
parameters as explained above.
5. Run a standard TFTP client application on the Telnet host, and download the
appropriate software file.
If the download is successful, IR-IP starts using the new software.
If the downloading fails, repeat the download process.
Erasing IR-IP Software
D-31
Appendix D IR-IP Interface Module
D-32
Erasing IR-IP Software
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix E
IR-X.21B Interface Module
E.1 Introduction
IR-X.21B is an interface module for the standalone RIC-E1 units, converting X.21
signals to TTL levels.
Application
Figure E-1 shows a typical application of RIC-E1 with IR-X.21B interface module.
Network
G.703
X.21
RIC-E1
Router
Figure E-1. Typical Application of RIC-E1 with IR-X.21B Module
Rear Panel
X.21
TX
LINK
RX
100-230 VAC
0.250A T 250V
Figure E-2 shows the rear panel of RIC-E1 equipped with the IR-X.21B interface
module.
Figure E-2. Rear Panel of RIC-E1 with IR-X.21B Module
Introduction
E-1
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix E IR-X.21B Interface Module
E.2 Selecting the IR-X.21B Timing
IR-X.21B interface module supports two clock modes:
•
EXT (external)
•
INT/LBT (internal/receive).
EXT
JP2
INT/LBT
You must set the IR-X.21B clock to match the timing you have selected for RIC-E1.
The clock settings are made via the JP2 jumper located on the IR-X.21B board, as
shown in Figure E-3.
Figure E-3. IR-X.21B Module Layout
EXT Clock Mode
The EXT clock mode is used in applications of X.21 networks where the system
timing is provided by the X.21 network. The IR-X.21B module has an internal
16-bit FIFO buffer to compensate for the phase delay introduced to the system by
the line delay between the two units. Figure E-4 illustrates the buffer connection
and the flow of the receive, transmit and clock signals.
When RIC-E1operates in the external clock, you must set the IR-X.21B JP2 jumper
to EXT.
E-2
Selecting the IR-X.21B Timing
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
Appendix E IR-X.21B Interface Module
IR-X.21B
TXD
TXD
TXC
ETC
FIFO
Buffer
Tx
(2, 9)
Signal Timing (RXC)
(6, 13)
RIC-E1
RXC
RXD
DTE
ETC
FIFO
Buffer
Rx
(7, 14)
RXD
(4, 11)
Figure E-4. EXT Timing Mode
INT/LBT Clock Mode
The INT/LBT clock mode is used in applications where the IR-X.21B side uses the
clock signal from the E1 link. This mode is used mainly when the attached
equipment has an X.21 interface, but no ability to produce clock signals. The
module has a 16-bit FIFO buffer to compensate for the phase delay introduced by
the X.21 device. Figure E-5 illustrates the buffer connection and the flow of the
receive, transmit and clock signals.
When RIC-E1 operates in the internal or receive clock, you must set the IR-X.21B
JP2 jumper to INT/RCV.
IR-X.21B
TXD
TXC
TXD
FIFO
Buffer
Tx
(2, 9)
Signal Timing (RXC)
(6, 13)
RIC-E1
DTE
RXC
RXD
FIFO
Buffer
Rx
RXD
(4, 11)
Figure E-5. INT/LBT Timing Mode
Selecting the IR-X.21B Timing
E-3
Appendix E IR-X.21B Interface Module
E-4
Selecting the IR-X.21B Timing
RIC-E1 Installation and Operation Manual
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Publication No. 269-200-09/03