Web server performance: Dell servers

WEB SERVER PERFORMANCE: DELL
SERVERS
OUR FINDINGS
OUR PROCESS
As companies’ sizes and functions vary, so do their Web
We used the WSTest 1.5 Web Services benchmark, which is
server needs. One means of evaluating a Web server is
part of Microsoft® .NET StockTrader Portfolio version 2.04, to
recording the number of requests per second it can handle. In
provide a workload representative of many real-world Web
Principled Technologies’ tests in our labs, the Dell PowerEdge
server applications. With it, we measured the Web server
T110 supported 8,274 requests per second, an amount
performance of Dell PowerEdge T110, which ran Microsoft
comparable to an entry-level Web server for a typical small
Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation Edition, and the Dell
business. The Dell PowerEdgeT310 supported 13,154
PowerEdge T310 and Dell PowerEdge R310 servers, each of
requests per second, or 1.6 times the performance of the Dell
which ran Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
PowerEdge T110, and would support a more demanding
Edition. Each server ran Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2
small-to-medium business workload. The Dell PowerEdge
Standard Edition.
®
®
R310 supported 21,190 requests per second, or 2.3 times the
performance of the Dell PowerEdge T110, which would
support a complex small-to-medium business Web server
workload.
OCTOBER 2010
A PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES TEST REPORT
Commissioned by Dell Inc.
PROJECT OVERVIEW
The purpose of this report is to demonstrate how Dell servers can meet the needs of businesses’ Web
servers no matter the size or demand. Selecting a server that can handle the number of requests you incur is
crucial, as a Microsoft Bing™ study found that a 2-second slowdown in answering requests is equivalent to up
to a 4.3 percent reduction in revenue per user.1 We tested the following servers to gauge how many Web
server requests each server could handle:



Dell PowerEdge T110
Dell PowerEdge T310
Dell PowerEdge R310
Note that the actual
WSTest 1.5 results
number of requests or
25,000
in a particular company’s
20,000
Requests per second
transactions servers can handle
environment is highly dependent
on both the hardware and the
complexity of the specific Web
application. Our analysis can,
10,000
5,000
0
however, give end-users a
Dell PowerEdge T110 Dell PowerEdge T310 Dell PowerEdge R310
relative indication of how much
load each server can bear.
15,000
Figure 1: WSTest 1.5 results, in requests per second, for the test servers.
Figure 1 shows the WSTest 1.5 results, in requests per second, for the three Dell servers. The Dell
PowerEdge T110 server supported 8,274 requests per second, the Dell PowerEdge T310 server supported
13,154 requests per second, and the Dell PowerEdge R310 server supported 21,190 requests per second.
WHAT WE TESTED
For our workload, we used the WSTest 1.5 Web services benchmark (WSTest), which is part of
Microsoft .NET StockTrader Portfolio version 2.04 (.NET StockTrader), a benchmark application that simulates
an online stock-trading scenario, demonstrating how Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)
1
Source: Schurman, E. (Microsoft) and Brutlag, J.(Google). 2009, “Performance Related Changes and their User Impact,” O’Reilly Velocity 2009, San
Jose, CA.
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A Principled Technologies test report 2
technologies work in end-to-end service-oriented, n-tier architecture. WSTest 1.5 is Microsoft’s modified
version of the original WSTest 1.0, which Sun Microsystems created. The WSTest 1.5 benchmark tests how
well an application server performs as a Web service host across varying Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
object sizes. To this end, WSTest 1.5 measures the server’s ability to process HTTP/SOAP requests, integrate
Web servers, isolate the networking stack, and serialize XML engines. WSTest 1.5 consists of the five tests
(which WSTest 1.5 refers to as “web service methods”), which test the SOAP network stack/serialization
performance of the web server. Of the five, we are only using the GetOrder test, which simulates a complete
purchase order request.
The WSTest 1.5 metric shows the peak throughput, or number of web service requests per second a
server can handle.
SYSTEM COMPARISON
Figure 2 shows a side-by-side comparison of the key hardware differences between the servers.
Appendix A presents detailed system information.
Hardware specifications
CPU
CPU speed (GHz)
Number of processor
packages
Number of cores per
processor package
Number of hardware threads
per core
Total memory (GB)
Hard drives
Total gigabit Ethernet ports
Dell PowerEdge T110
Dell PowerEdge T310
Dell PowerEdge R310
Intel Xeon X3430
2.40
Intel Xeon X3440
2.53
Intel Xeon X3470
2.93
1
1
1
4
4
4
1
2
2
8 (2 x 4GB) PC3-10600E
2 x 160GB SATA
1
8 (4 x 2GB) PC3-10600E
2 x 146GB SAS
2
8 (4 x 2GB) PC3-10600E
2 x 146GB SAS
4
Figure 2: Key system configuration information for the three test servers.
WHAT WE FOUND
Figure 3 shows the WSTest 1.5 results, in requests per second, for the three Dell servers.
We ran WSTest 1.5 three times for each server, and report the results of the median run.
Dell PowerEdge T110
Requests per
second
8,274
Dell PowerEdge T310
13,154
Dell PowerEdge R310
21,190
Figure 3: Median WSTest 1.5 results, in requests per second, for the test servers.
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A Principled Technologies test report 3
HOW WE TESTED
Setting up the servers
We installed a fresh copy of Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation Edition on the Dell PowerEdge T110,
and installed a fresh copy of Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard Edition on both the Dell PowerEdge T310 and
Dell PowerEdge R310.
Installing Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation Edition on the Dell PowerEdge T110 server
1. Boot the server, and insert the Windows Server 2008 R2 installation DVD in the DVD-ROM drive.
2. At the Language Selection Screen, click Next.
3. Click Install Now.
4. Select Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation (Full Installation), and click Next. The installation
requires no further user input.
Installing Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard Edition on the Dell PowerEdge T310 and R310 servers
1. Boot the server, and insert the Windows Server 2008 R2 installation DVD in the DVD-ROM drive.
2. At the Language Selection Screen, click Next.
3. Click Install Now.
4. Select Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard (Full Installation), and click Next.
5. Click the I accept the license terms check box, and click Next.
6. Click Custom.
7. Click Drive options (advanced).
8. Ensure you select the proper drive, and click New.
9. Click Apply.
10. Click Next.
11. At the User’s password must be changed before logging on warning screen, click OK.
12. Type Password1 as the new password in both fields, and click the arrow to continue.
13. At the Your password has been changed screen, click OK.
Setting up network configuration on the server
1. Click StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork Connections, and double-click the
Local Area Connection assigned to client/server network traffic.
2. Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and click Properties.
3. In the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) Properties screen, select the Use the following IP
address radio button.
4. Enter a valid static IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.
5. Click OK, and click Close to exit.
Installing system updates in Windows Server 2008 R2
The updates between systems differed slightly, because the Dell PowerEdge T110 used Windows
Server 2008 R2 Foundation Edition, and the Dell PowerEdge T310 and R310 ran Windows Server 2008 R2
Standard Edition. We applied all critical Windows updates available for each server as of September 28, 2010.
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Installing Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 runtime
1. Download dotNet40_Full_setup.exe
2. Double-click the file.
3. Click I have read and accept the license terms, and click Install.
4. When the install completes, click Finish.
Installing IIS 7.5 using the Server Manager Interface
1. At the Windows Server screen, click the Server Manager icon in the bottom right corner. In Server
Manager, select Features. Click Add Features.
2. At the Select Features screen of the Add Features Wizard, do the following:
a. Check Background Intelligent Transfer Services (BITS) for Windows Server 2008 R2.
b. The application prompts you to add dependent components, which includes the Web Server IIS
role. Click Add Required Role Services. Check Remote Differential Compression, and click Next.
3. At the Web Server (IIS) screen, click Next.
4. At the Select Role Services screen, select WebDAV Publishing. When the application prompts you to
do so, select ASP .NET.
5. At the Confirmation screen, click Install, and complete the rest of the Add Features Wizard.
6. To exit the Add Features Wizard, click Close.
Adding Application Server Role
1. At the Windows Server screen, go to StartAll ProgramsAdministrative ToolsServer Manager.
In Server Manager, select Roles. Click Add Roles.
2. Select Application Server, and click Next twice in a row.
3. At the NET 3.5.1 and TCP Port Sharing underneath the Application Server screen, click Install.
4. When the program completes installation, click Close.
Installing Message Queuing on Windows Server 2008 R2
1. In the bottom right of the screen, click the Server Manager.
2. Click Features.
3. To start the Add Features Wizard, click Add Features.
4. Expand Message Queuing, and expand Message Queuing Services. Select the Message Queuing
Services.
5. Click Next, and click Install.
6. If the application prompts you to restart the computer, click OK to complete the installation.
Otherwise, click close.
Enabling network DTC access
1. Click Server Manger in the bottom right corner. Click Roles, and Add Roles. (Select the Turn
Windows features on or off link.)
2. On the Select Server Roles screen, click Application Server.
3. On the Add Roles Wizard screen, click Add Required Role Services.
4. On the Introduction to Application Server Screen, click Next.
5. On the Select Role Services screen, click Next.
6. On the Confirm Installation Selection screen, click Install.
7. On the Installation Results screen, click Close.
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Turning-off Windows Firewall
1. Click StartAll Programs Administrative ToolsWindows Firewall and Advanced Security.
2. Select Windows Firewall Properties.
3. Go to DomainPrivate and Public Firewall tabs. Change the setting for each tab to Off, click OK,
and exit the Windows Firewall and Advanced Security screen.
Installing SQL Server 2008 R2 Standard Edition on the server
1. Insert the SQL Server 2008 R2 installation DVD into the DVD drive.
2. If AutoPlay does not begin the installation, navigate to the SQL Server 2008 R2 DVD, and doubleclick.
3. If the application prompts you with a .NET installation prompt, click Yes to enable the .NET
Framework Core role.
4. At the SQL Server Installation Center screen, click Installation.
5. Click New installation or add features to an existing installation.
6. At the Setup Support Rules screen, click OK.
7. At the Product Key screen, specify the free Enterprise edition evaluation, and click Next.
8. At the License Terms screen, accept the license terms, and click Next.
9. At the Setup Support Files screen, click Install.
10. At the Setup Support Rules screen, click Next.
11. At the Setup Role screen, choose SQL Server Feature Installation, and click Next.
12. At the SQL Server 2008 R2 Feature Selection screen, select the following features: Database Engine
Services, Full-Text Search, Client Tools Connectivity, Client Tools Backwards Compatibility,
Management Tools – Basic, Management Tools – Complete, and click Next.
13. At the Installation Rules screen, click Next.
14. At the Instance Configuration screen, leave the defaults, and click Next.
15. At the Disk Space Requirements screen, click Next.
16. At the Server Configuration screen, choose the service account (we chose NT authority network
service with no password), enter a password if necessary, and click Next.
17. At the Database Engine Configuration screen, select Mixed Mode, enter a password for the system
administrator (sa) account, click Add Current User, and click Next.
18. At the Error Reporting screen, click Next.
19. At the Installation Configuration Rules screen, click Next.
20. At the Installation screen, click Install.
21. At the Complete screen, click Close.
22. Install SQL SP1 & SP2 2008 Standard.
Setting up .NET StockTrader 2.04/WSTest 1.5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Download StockTraderSetup.
Browse to the .msi file, and double click it to install.
At the Introduction screen, click Next.
At the License Agreement screen, click I Agree.
At Installation screen, review the information, and click Next.
At the Installation Type screen, click Full Install, and click Next.
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7. Select the folder where you wish to install the program. We chose the default location, and
selected the Everyone option.
8. At the screen that says the installation is ready to install, click Next to begin installation.
9. When the installation completes, click OK.
Configuring the Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
1. Run the following Start Menu command: comexp.msc Open ComponetComputers folderMy
ComputersDistributed Transaction Coordinator folderLocal DTC.
2. Right-click Local DTC, and click Properties. Click the Security tab.
3. Select Network DTC Access, and click Allow Remote Clients.
4. For Transaction Manager Communication, select Allow Inbound and Allow Outbound.
5. Click Enable XA Transactions. Click Apply. If the service doesn’t notify you that it has begun,
complete Step 4.
6. At the Windows Start menu, run command services.msc. Locate the Distributed Transaction
Coordinator service; right-click it, and choose Restart.
Allowing anonymous users to send order messages to MSMQ
The Order Processor Service uses tradeorders, which is an auto-created transaction queue.
Tradeorders uses a WCF binding with anonymous access from StockTrader Business Services. If you choose to,
you can apply more restrictive security settings. We used the default WCF binding. To allow remote instances
of the Business Services IIS Host to send orders to a system running the Order Processor Service, you must
grant send permissions to this queue for the default Anonymous Logon account. You must also grant send
permission to the Everyone group. Complete the following steps to apply these settings:
1. Click StartRun, and type Order Processor.
2. Click .NET StockTrader Order Processor Service Self Host. If you have properly installed MSMQ as a
Windows feature, it will create the MSMQ automatically when it runs. Note that when you install
MSMQ as a Windows feature, install only the CORE. Do not choose Active Directory Integration.
3. When the Order Processor Service Console window notifies you that the tradeorders transacted
message queue has been created, close the Order Processor Service Windows host program.
4. Click the Control PanelAdministrative ToolsComputer Management.
5. Click Services and Applications. Click Message QueuingPrivate Queues.
6. Right-click the tradeorders queue. Choose Properties.
7. Click the Security tab, and click Add.
8. Click Locations, and select the topmost icon, which will be the local computer.
9. Type anonymous logon and click OK. The application should automatically grant send message
permissions.
Installing the StockTrader client on the client workstations
1. Download a copy of .NET 3.5.1.
2. Install it on the client workstations, and reboot the workstation.
3. Navigate to the StockTrader folder located on the server.
4. Navigate to the Builds folder. Copy the CapacityPlannerAgent subfolder to a USB drive.
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5. Copy the client onto the client workstations.
Setting up the Performance Counter
1. Click Start, and type perfmon to launch the performance monitor.
2. Under Data Collector Sets, click the plus to reveal User Defined. Right click User Defined, and select
NewData Collector Set.
3. On the Create New Data Collector Set screen, type in a name for the data collector, select Create
Manually, and click Next.
4. On the Create new Data Collector Set screen, choose Performance Counter, and click Next.
5. On the next Create Data Collector Set screen, we added the following counters:
 Under Network Interface, we added Bytes total/Sec and selected Each Individual Network
Interface Card under instances of selected object.
 Under Processor, we added % Processor Time and selected Total under instances of selected
object.
 Under Web Service, we added Total Method Requests/sec. and selected Total under instances
of selected object.
6. Click OK to create the counter.
Running the test
1. Browse to C:\StockTrader\Builds\ and launch the SQL_Loader.
2. To create the initial database, change the username to ‘sa’ and enter the password. Under Specify
Load, use the default options.
3. Click Create Initial StockTrader Database. At the prompt to ensure the information you entered is
correct, click OK.
4. Leave the default name for the database. Change the location of the Data file and Log file to
C:\StockTrader\ and click OK.
5. At the warning that this will drop any databases named StockTraderDB, click OK. At the warning
that there will be a user created called trade, click Yes.
6. Click Load StockTrader Database. (Times vary.)
7. Click OK. (Note between each subsequent run, come back to this program and click Reset
StockTrader to reset the database.)
8. Browse to C:\StockTrader\Builds\CapacityPlannerController, and click
CapacityPlanner.CapacityPlannerHost.exe.
9. Click Setup Remote Agent, and click Add to add the individual client machines. Enter the Machine
Name, the number 400 for the threads, and click OK. Do this for each of the clients.
10. Click Launch WSTest Benchmark. For the WSTest Operation, select getOrder, for message size use
10, and leave think time at 1 second. Click Check Connectivity to ensure that the program can
connect to the SQL server.
11. Click Launch Test and start the Performance Counter.
In this report, we report the average requests per second for each system for the median of three runs.
We calculated the average from the entire 45-minute run. WSTest shows the requests per second in real time
on its GUI interface, but does not log the information to an output file. We used the \web
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service(_Total)\Total Method Requests/sec counter from performance monitor to calculate the average. We
did some experimental testing by recording the WSTest counters at certain times in the run and then verified
the data from the Total Method Requests/sec counter gave the same data output.
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APPENDIX A – SERVER CONFIGURATION INFORMATION
Figure 4 provides detailed configuration information about the test servers.
System
Power supplies
Total number
Vendor and model
number
Wattage of each (W)
Cooling fans
Total number
Vendor and model
number
Dimensions (h x w) of
each
Volts
Amps
General
Number of processor
packages
Number of cores per
processor
Number of hardware
threads per core
System power
management policy
CPU
Vendor
Name
Model number
Stepping
Socket type
Core frequency (GHz)
Bus frequency (GT/s)
L1 cache
L2 cache
L3 cache (MB)
Platform
Vendor and model
number
Dell PowerEdge T110
Dell PowerEdge T310
Dell PowerEdge R310
1
2
2
Dell L305P-01
Dell D400EF-S0
Dell D400EF-S0
305
400
400
1
Delta Electronics
EFC0912BF
1
5
San Ace 40
9CRD0412P5K06
3 5/8” X 3 5/8”
5 1/4" x 5 1/4"
1 5/8” x 2 1/4”
12
0.6
12
2.0
12
1.2
1
1
1
4
4
4
1
2
2
Balanced
Balanced
Balanced
Intel
Xeon
X3430
B1
1156 LGA
2.40
2.5
4 X 32 KB
4 X 256 KB
8
Intel
Xeon
X3440
B1
1156 LGA
2.53
2.5
4 X 32 KB
4 x 256 KB
8
Intel
Xeon
X3470
B1
1156 LGA
2.93
2.5
4 X 32 KB
4 X 256 KB
8
Dell PowerEdge T110
Dell PowerEdge T310
Dell PowerEdge R310
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Sunon PSD1212PMB1-A
A Principled Technologies test report 10
System
Motherboard model
number
Motherboard chipset
BIOS name and version
BIOS settings
Memory module (s)
Total RAM in system (GB)
Vendor and model
number
Type
Speed (MHz)
Speed running in the
system (MHz)
Timing/Latency (tCLtRCD-tRP-tRASmin)
Size (GB)
Number of RAM
module(s)
Chip organization
Rank
Hard disk
Vendor and model
number
Number of disks in
system
Size (GB)
Buffer size (MB)
RPM
Type
Disk controller
Vendor and model
Controller cache
Controller driver
Controller firmware
RAID configuration
Operating system
Name
Dell PowerEdge T110
Dell PowerEdge T310
Dell PowerEdge R310
Dell Inc. 0X744K
Dell Inc. 0P673K
Dell Inc. 0P229K
Intel 3420
Dell Inc. 1.3.4
(5/24/2010)
Default
Intel 3420
Dell Inc. 1.3.6
(05/24/2010)
Default
Intel 3420
Dell Inc. 1.1.5
(05/24/2010)
Default
8
Hynix HMT351U7BFR8CH9
PC3-10600E
1,333
8
Hynix HMT125U7BFR8CH9
PC3-10600E
1,333
8
Hynix HMT125U7BFR8CH9
PC3-10600E
1,333
1,333
1,333
1,333
9-9-9-24
9-9-9-24
9-9-9-24
4
2
2
2 X 4GB
4 X 2 GB
4 X 2 GB
Double-sided
Dual
Double-sided
Dual
Double-sided
Dual
Dell WD1602ABKS
Dell MBA3147RC
Dell MBA3147RC
2
2
2
160
8
7,200
SATA
146
16
15,000
SAS 3 GB/s
146
16
15,000
SAS 3 GB/s
Dell PERC S100
N/A
Microsoft 6.1.7600.16385
(6/21/2006)
1.01-0021
RAID 1
Dell PERC 6/i
256 MB
LSI 4.5.0.64
(02/06/2009)
6.2.0-0013
RAID 1
Dell PERC H200
N/A
Del 2.0.12.20
(12/18/2009)
2.15.63.00-IR
RAID 1
Windows Server 2008 R2,
Foundation Edition
Windows Server 2008 R2,
Standard Edition
Windows Server 2008 R2,
Standard Edition
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System
Build number
File system
Kernel
Language
Graphics
Vendor and model
number
Graphics memory (MB)
Dell PowerEdge T110
Dell PowerEdge T310
Dell PowerEdge R310
7600
NTFS
ACPI x64-based PC
English
7600
NTFS
ACPI x64-based PC
English
7600
NTFS
ACPI x64-based PC
English
Matrox® G200eW
Matrox G200eW
Matrox G200eW
8
Matrox Graphics Inc.
1.1.3.0 (07/27/2009)
8
Matrox Graphics Inc.
1.1.3.0 (07/27/2009)
8
Matrox Graphics Inc.
1.1.3.0 (07/27/2009)
Broadcom® NetXtreme®
Gigabit Ethernet
Integrated
Microsoft 10.100.4.0
(4/26/2009)
Broadcom BCM5716C
NetXtreme II GigE
Integrated
Broadcom 5.2.14.0
(12/17/2009)
Broadcom BCM5716C
NetXtreme II GigE
Integrated
Broadcom 5.2.14.0
(12/17/2009)
Ethernet 2
Vendor and model
number
Type
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Driver
N/A
N/A
PLDS DVD-ROM DH16D5S
DVD-ROM
HL-DT-ST DVD+RW
GH50N ATA Device
DVD+RW
TSSTCorp DVD + - RW TSL633C ATA Device
DVD +/ - RW
6
2.0
6
2.0
4
2.0
Driver
Ethernet
Vendor and model
number
Type
Driver
Optical drive(s)
Vendor and model
number
Type
USB ports
Number
Type
Broadcom BCM5709C
NetXtreme GigE
PCIe
Broadcom 5.2.14.0
(12/17/2009)
Figure 4: Configuration information for the test servers.
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ABOUT PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES
We provide industry-leading technology assessment and fact-based marketing
services. We bring to every assignment extensive experience with and expertise
in all aspects of technology testing and analysis, from researching new
technologies, to developing new methodologies, to testing with existing and new
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www.principledtechnologies.com
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