Product Manual
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA
®
ST3160811AS
ST3160211AS
ST3120811AS
ST3120211AS
ST380811AS
ST380211AS
ST340211AS
100417177
Rev. C
August 2007
©2006-2007, Seagate Technology LLC All rights reserved.
Publication number: 100417177, Rev. C
August 2007
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC
in the United States and/or other countries. Barracuda, SeaTools and SeaTDD are either trademarks or
registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its affiliated companies in the United States
and/or other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
One gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity
may vary depending on operating environment and formatting. Quantitative usage examples for various
applications are for illustrative purposes. Actual quantities will vary based on various factors, including file
size, file format, features and application software. Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice,
product offerings or specifications.
Contents
1.0
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2.0
Drive specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.1
Specification summary tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.2
Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.2.1
LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.3
Default logical geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.4
Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.5
Physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.6
Seek time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.7
Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.8
Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.8.1
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.8.2
Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.8.3
Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.8.4
Power-management modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.9
Environmental specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.9.1
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.9.2
Temperature gradient. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.9.3
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.9.4
Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.9.5
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.9.6
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.10
Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.11
Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.12
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.13
Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.13.1
Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.13.2
Electromagnetic compatibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.13.3
FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.14
Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.14.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2.15
Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.0
Configuring and mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
23
24
24
25
4.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1
Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3
Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.1
Identify Device command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.2
Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
28
29
31
34
35
5.0
Seagate Technology support services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
i
ii
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
List of Figures
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Typical 5V startup and operation current profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typical 12V startup and operation current profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial ATA connectors and jumper options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching SATA cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting dimensions—top, side and end view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
14
14
24
24
25
iii
1.0
Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following Seagate
Barracuda® 7200.9 Serial ATA model drives:
ST3160811AS
ST3120811AS
ST380811AS
ST3160211AS
ST3120211AS
ST380211AS
ST340211AS
These drives provide the following key features:
• 7,200 RPM spindle speed.
• High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 300 Mbytes per second).
• Tunneling Magnetoresistive (TMR) recording heads provide the drives with increased areal density.
• State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms.
• Native Command Queueing with command ordering to increase performance in demanding applications.
• Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention.
• Quiet operation.
• 350 Gs nonoperating shock.
• SeaTools diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns.
• Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting.
• Supports latching SATA cables and connectors.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
1
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface
The Serial ATA interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary
advantages include:
• Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity.
• Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation.
• Scalability to higher performance levels.
In addition, Serial ATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. Serial
ATA was designed to allow you to install a Serial ATA host adapter and Serial ATA disc drive in your current
system and expect all of your existing applications to work as normal.
The Serial ATA interface connects each disc drive in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host
adapter. There is no master/slave relationship with Serial ATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0
(master) devices.
Note.
The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two
devices on separate Serial ATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and
Device 1 (slave) accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a
master/slave environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical Serial ATA
environment.
The Serial ATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide
backward compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers,
PIO and DMA data transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated.
The Serial ATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred to as the Shadow Register Block. All Serial ATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional information about how Serial ATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized
AT Attachment” specification. The specification can be downloaded from www.serialata.org.
2
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.0
Drive specifications
Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal
power. For convenience, the phrases the drive and this drive are used throughout this manual to indicate the
following drive models:
ST3160811AS
ST3120811AS
ST380811AS
ST3160211AS
ST3120211AS
ST380211AS
2.1
ST340211AS
Specification summary tables
The specifications listed in the following table are for quick reference. For details on specification measurement
or definition, see the appropriate section of this manual.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
3
Table 1:
Drive specifications summary for 160 Gbyte models
Drive specification
ST3160811AS
Formatted Gbytes (512 bytes/sector)*
160
Heads
2
Discs
1
Guaranteed sectors
312,581,808
Bytes per sector
512
Default sectors per track
63
Default read/write heads
16
Default cylinders
16,383
Recording density, KBPI (kbits/in max)
756.09
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg.)
141.95
2
4
ST3160211AS
Areal density, (Gbits/in avg)
103.8
Spindle speed (RPM)
7,200
Internal data transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
867.2
Sustained data transfer rate OD (Mbytes/sec max)
80
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Cache buffer
8 Mbytes
Height (mm max)
19.99 mm (0.787 inches)
Width (mm max)
101.6 mm (4.000 inches) +/- 0.010 inches
Length (mm max)
146.99 mm (5.787 inches)
Weight (max)
380 grams (0.838 lb.)
Average latency (msec)
4.16
Power-on to ready (sec max)
<10.0 sec
Standby to ready (sec max)
<10.0 sec
Track-to-track seek time (msec typical)
<0.8 (read), <1.0 (write)
Average seek time (msec typical)
<12.9 (read, <13.9 (write)
Startup current (typical) 12V (peak)
2.8 amps
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V ± 5%
12V ± 10%
Ambient temperature
0° to 60°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient (°C per hour max)
20°C (operating)
30°C (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 90% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
30% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature (°C max)
37.7 (operating)
40.0 (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–60.96 m to 3,048 m
(–200 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–60.96 m to 12,192 m
(–200 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Operational Shock (Gs max at 2 msec)
63
Non-Operational Shock (Gs max at 2 msec)
350 Gs
Vibration, operating
5–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.5 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 0.25 Gs
2 Mbytes
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Drive specification
ST3160811AS
ST3160211AS
Vibration, nonoperating
5–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 1.0 Gs
Drive acoustics, sound power (bels)
Idle**
2.7 (typical)
2.8 (max)
Seek
2.9 (typical)
3.1 (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.34%
Warranty
5 years on distribution units.
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to
access the following web page:
www.seagate.com/support/service/
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be
asked to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Contact start-stop cycles
(25°C, 50% rel. humidity)
50,000
Supports Hotplug operation per SATA II
specification
Yes
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
5
Table 2:
Drive specifications summary for 120 Gbyte models
Drive specification
ST3120811AS
Formatted Gbytes (512 bytes/sector)*
120
Heads
2
Discs
1
Guaranteed sectors
234,441,648
Bytes per sector
512
Default sectors per track
63
Default read/write heads
16
Default cylinders
16,383
Recording density, KBPI (kbits/in max)
756.09
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg.)
141.95
2
6
ST3120211AS
Areal density, (Gbits/in avg)
103.8
Spindle speed (RPM)
7,200
Internal data transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
867.2
Sustained data transfer rate OD (Mbytes/sec max)
80
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Cache buffer
8 Mbytes
Height (mm max)
19.99 mm (0.787 inches)
Width (mm max)
101.6 mm (4.000 inches) +/- 0.010 inches
Length (mm max)
146.99 mm (5.787 inches)
Weight (max)
380 grams (0.838 lb.)
Average latency (msec)
4.16
Power-on to ready (sec max)
<10.0 sec
Standby to ready (sec max)
<10.0 sec
Track-to-track seek time (msec typical)
<0.8 (read), <1.0 (write)
Average seek time (msec typical)
<12.9 (read, <13.9 (write)
Startup current (typical) 12V (peak)
2.8 amps
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V ± 5%
12V ± 10%
Ambient temperature
0° to 60°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient (°C per hour max)
20°C (operating)
30°C (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 90% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
30% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature (°C max)
37.7 (operating)
40.0 (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–60.96 m to 3,048 m
(–200 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–60.96 m to 12,192 m
(–200 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Operational Shock (Gs max at 2 msec)
63
Non-Operational Shock (Gs max at 2 msec)
350 Gs
Vibration, operating
5–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.5 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 0.25 Gs
2 Mbytes
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Drive specification
ST3120811AS
ST3120211AS
Vibration, nonoperating
5–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 1.0 Gs
Drive acoustics, sound power (bels)
Idle**
2.7 (typical)
2.8 (max)
Seek
2.9 (typical)
3.1 (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.34%
Warranty
5 years on distribution units.
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to
access the following web page:
www.seagate.com/support/service/
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked
to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and
country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for
your drive.
Contact start-stop cycles
(25°C, 50% rel. humidity)
50,000
Supports Hotplug operation per SATA II
specification
Yes
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
7
Table 3:
Drive specifications summary for 80 and 40 Gbyte models
Drive specification
ST380811AS
Formatted Gbytes (512 bytes/sector)*
80
Heads
1
Discs
1
Guaranteed sectors
156,301,488
Bytes per sector
512
Default sectors per track
63
Default read/write heads
16
Default cylinders
16,383
Recording density, KBPI (kbits/in max)
756.09
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg.)
141.95
2
8
ST380211AS
ST340211AS
40
78,165,360
Areal density, (Gbits/in avg)
103.8
Spindle speed (RPM)
7,200
Internal data transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
867.2
Sustained data transfer rate OD (Mbytes/sec max)
80
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Cache buffer
8 Mbytes
Height (max)
19.9 mm (0.787 inches)
Width (max)
101.6 mm (4.000 inches) +/- 0.010 inches
Length (max)
146.99 mm (5.787 inches)
Weight (max)
365 grams (0.805 lb.)
Average latency (msec)
4.16
Power-on to ready (sec max)
<10.0 sec
Standby to ready (sec max)
<10.0 sec
Track-to-track seek time (msec typical)
<0.8 (read), <1.0 (write)
Average seek time (msec typical)
<12.9 (read, <13.9 (write)
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V ± 5%
12V ± 10%
Ambient temperature
0° to 60°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient (°C per hour max)
20°C (operating)
30°C (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 90% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
30% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature (°C max)
37.7 (operating)
40.0 (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–60.96 m to 3,048 m
(–200 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–60.96 m to 12,192 m
(–200 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Operational Shock (Gs max at 2 msec)
63
Non-Operational Shock (Gs max at 2 msec)
350 Gs
Vibration, operating
5–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.5 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 0.25 Gs
2 Mbytes
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Drive specification
ST380811AS
ST380211AS
Vibration, nonoperating
5–22 Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz:: 1.0 Gs
ST340211AS
Drive acoustics, sound power (bels)
Idle**
2.7 (typical)
2.8 (max)
Seek
2.9 (typical)
3.1 (max)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.34%
Warranty
5 years on distribution units.
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access
the following web page:
www.seagate.com/support/service/
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to
provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country
of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Contact start-stop cycles
(25°C, 50% rel. humidity)
50,000
Supports Hotplug operation per SATA II
specification
Yes
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
9
2.2
Formatted capacity
Model
Formatted
capacity*
Guaranteed
sectors
Bytes per sector
ST3160811AS
160 Gbytes
312,581,808
512
ST3160211AS
160 Gbytes
312,581,808
512
ST3120811AS
120 Gbytes
234,441,648
512
ST3120211AS
120 Gbytes
234,441,648
512
ST380811AS
80 Gbytes
156,301,488
512
ST380211AS
80 Gbytes
156,301,488
512
ST340211AS
40 Gbytes
78,165,360
512
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
2.2.1
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
See Section 4.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48bit addressing support of drives with capacities over 137 Gbytes.
2.3
Default logical geometry
Cylinders
Read/write heads
Sectors per track
16,383
16
63
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
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Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.4
Recording and interface technology
Interface
Serial ATA (SATA)
Recording method
16/17 EPRML
Recording density KBPI (kbits/inch max)
756.09
Track density KTPI (ktracks/inch avg)
141.95
2
Areal density (Gbits/inch avg)
103.8
Spindle speed (RPM) (± 0.2%)
7,200
Average latency (msec)
4.16
Internal data-transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
867.2
Sustained data transfer rate OD (Mbytes/sec max)
80
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300
Interleave
1:1
Cache buffer
ST3160811AS
ST3120811AS
ST380811AS
8 Mbytes (8,192 kbytes)
ST3160211AS
ST3120211AS
ST380211AS
ST340211AS
2 Mbytes (2,048 kbytes)
2.5
Physical characteristics
Maximum height
(mm)
(inches)
19.99
0.787
(mm)
(inches)
101.6
4.000 +/- 0.010
(mm)
(inches)
146.99
5.787
160 and 120 GB models
80 and 40 GB model
380 grams (0.838 pounds)
365 grams (0.805 pounds)
Maximum width
Maximum length
Max weight
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
11
2.6
Seek time
Seek measurements are taken with nominal power at 25°C ambient temperature. All times are measured using
drive diagnostics. The specifications in the table below are defined as follows:
• Track-to-track seek time is an average of all possible single-track seeks in both directions.
• Average seek time is a true statistical random average of at least 5,000 measurements of seeks between
random tracks, less overhead.
Typical seek times (msec)
Read
Write
Track-to-track
<0.8
<1.0
Average
<12.9
<13.9
Average latency:
4.16
4.16
Note.
2.7
These drives are designed to consistently meet the seek times represented in this manual. Physical
seeks, regardless of mode (such as track-to-track and average), are expected to meet the noted
values. However, due to the manner in which these drives are formatted, benchmark tests that
include command overhead or measure logical seeks may produce results that vary from these
specifications.
Start/stop times
Power-on to Ready (sec)
<10
Standby to Ready (sec)
<10
Ready to spindle stop (sec)
12 (max)
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Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.8
Power specifications
The drive receives DC power (+5V or +12V) through a native SATA power connector. See Figure 4 on page 24.
2.8.1
Power consumption
Power requirements for the drives are listed in the table on page 9. Typical power measurements are based on
an average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, using 5.0V and 12.0V input voltage at 25°C ambient
temperature.
• Spinup power
Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating
speed.
• Seek mode
During seek mode, the read/write actuator arm moves toward a specific position on the disc surface and
does not execute a read or write operation. Servo electronics are active. Seek mode power represents the
worst-case power consumption, using only random seeks with read or write latency time. This mode is not
typical and is provided for worst-case information.
• Read/write power and current
Read/write power is measured with the heads on track, based on a 16-sector write followed by a 32-msec
delay, then a 16-sector read followed by a 32-msec delay.
• Operating power and current
Operating power is measured using 40 percent random seeks, 40 percent read/write mode (1 write for each
10 reads) and 20 percent drive idle mode.
• Idle mode power
Idle mode power is measured with the drive up to speed, with servo electronics active and with the heads in
a random track location.
• Standby mode
During Standby mode, the drive accepts commands, but the drive is not spinning, and the servo and read/
write electronics are in power-down mode.
Table 4:
DC power requirements
Power dissipation (watts)
Avg (watts, 25° C)
Avg 5V typ amps
Avg 12V typ amps
Spinup
—
—
2.8 (peak)
Idle*
8.0
0.63
0.24
Idle* (with offline activity)
8.0
0.63
0.24
Operating (40% r/w, 40% seek, 20% inop.)
10.9
0.64
0.33
Seeking (random, 20% idle)
10.9
0.59
0.39
Standby
1.5
0.24
0.01
Sleep
1.4
0.24
0.01
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
13
2.8.1.1
Typical current profiles
Figure 1. Typical 5V startup and operation current profile
Figure 2. Typical 12V startup and operation current profile
2.8.2
Conducted noise
Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 80-ohm resistive load on
the +12 volt line or an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on the +5 volt line.
• Using 12-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 120 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
• Using 5-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
Note. Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write
current.
2.8.3
Voltage tolerance
Voltage tolerance (including noise):
5V ± 5%
12V ± 10%
14
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.8.4
Power-management modes
The drive provides programmable power management to provide greater energy efficiency. In most systems,
you can control power management through the system setup program. The drive features the following
power-management modes:
Power modes
Heads
Spindle
Buffer
Active
Tracking
Rotating
Enabled
Idle
Tracking
Rotating
Enabled
Standby
Parked
Stopped
Enabled
Sleep
Parked
Stopped
Disabled
• Active mode
The drive is in Active mode during the read/write and seek operations.
• Idle mode
The buffer remains enabled, and the drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disc
access is necessary.
• Standby mode
The drive enters Standby mode when the host sends a Standby Immediate command. If the host has set
the standby timer, the drive can also enter Standby mode automatically after the drive has been inactive for
a specifiable length of time. The standby timer delay is established using a Standby or Idle command. In
Standby mode, the drive buffer is enabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive
accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disc access is necessary.
• Sleep mode
The drive enters Sleep mode after receiving a Sleep command from the host. In Sleep mode, the drive
buffer is disabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive leaves Sleep mode after it
receives a Hard Reset or Soft Reset from the host. After receiving a reset, the drive exits Sleep mode and
enters Standby mode with all current translation parameters intact.
• Idle and Standby timers
Each time the drive performs an Active function (read, write or seek), the standby timer is reinitialized and
begins counting down from its specified delay times to zero. If the standby timer reaches zero before any
drive activity is required, the drive makes a transition to Standby mode. In both Idle and Standby mode, the
drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode when disc access is necessary.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
15
2.9
Environmental specifications
2.9.1
Ambient temperature
Ambient temperature is defined as the temperature of the environment immediately surrounding the drive.
Actual drive case temperature should not exceed 69°C (156°F) within the operating ambient conditions for
standard models, or 64°C (147°F) within the operating ambient conditions for all models.
Above 1,000 feet (305 meters), the maximum temperature is derated linearly to 112°F (44°C) at 10,000 feet
(3,048 meters).
Operating:
0° to 60°C (32° to 140°F)
Nonoperating:
–40° to 70°C (–40° to 158°F)
2.9.2
Temperature gradient
Operating:
20°C per hour (68°F per hour max), without condensation
Nonoperating:
30°C per hour (86°F per hour max)
2.9.3
Humidity
2.9.3.1
Relative humidity
Operating:
5% to 90% noncondensing (30% per hour max)
Nonoperating:
5% to 95% noncondensing (30% per hour max)
2.9.3.2
Wet bulb temperature
Operating:
37.7°C (99.9°F max)
Nonoperating:
40.0°C (104°F max)
2.9.4
Altitude
Operating:
–60.96 m to 3,048 m (–200 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Nonoperating:
–60.96 m to 12,192 m (–200 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
2.9.5
Shock
All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive
mounting screws. Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.9.5.1
Operating shock
These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum
operating shock of 63 Gs based on half-sine shock pulses of 2 msec. Shocks should not be repeated more
than two times per second.
2.9.5.2
Nonoperating shock
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 350 Gs (except 500GB is 300 Gs) based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse of 2 msec duration.
16
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.9.6
Vibration
All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the
drive mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.9.6.1
Operating vibration
The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified in this document are specified below.
5–22 Hz
0.25 Gs (Limited displacement)
23–350 Hz
0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz
0.25 Gs
2.9.6.2
Nonoperating vibration
The maximum nonoperating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage
or degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below.
5–22 Hz
0.25 Gs (limited displacement)
23–350 Hz
5.0 Gs
350–500 Hz
1.0 Gs
2.10
Acoustics
Drive acoustics are measured as overall A-weighted acoustic sound power levels (no pure tones). All measurements are consistent with ISO document 7779. Sound power measurements are taken under essentially
free-field conditions over a reflecting plane. For all tests, the drive is oriented with the cover facing upward.
Note. For seek mode tests, the drive is placed in seek mode only. The number of seeks per second is defined
by the following equation:
(Number of seeks per second = 0.4 / (average latency + average access time)
Table 5:
All models
Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor acoustics
Idle*
Seek
2.7 bels (typ)
2.8 bels (max)
2.9 bels (typ)
3.1 bels (max)
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
17
2.11
Electromagnetic immunity
When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in
performance when subjected to the radio frequency (RF) environments defined in the following table:
Table 6:
Radio frequency environments
Test
Description
Performance level
Reference standard
Electrostatic
discharge
Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV
B
EN 61000-4-2: 95
Radiated RF
immunity
80 to 1,000 MHz, 3 V/m,
80% AM with 1 kHz sine
900 MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @ 200 Hz
A
EN 61000-4-3: 96
ENV 50204: 95
Electrical fast
transient
± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O
B
EN 61000-4-4: 95
Surge immunity
± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common, AC mains
B
EN 61000-4-5: 95
Conducted RF
immunity
150 kHz to 80 MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with 1 kHz sine A
EN 61000-4-6: 97
Voltage dips,
interrupts
0% open, 5 seconds
0% short, 5 seconds
40%, 0.10 seconds
70%, 0.01 seconds
EN 61000-4-11: 94
2.12
C
C
C
B
Reliability
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read, max
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.34% (nominal power, 25°C ambient temperature)
Contact start-stop cycles
50,000 cycles
(at nominal voltage and temperature, with 60 cycles per hour and a 50% duty cycle)
Warranty
5 years on distribution units.
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page:
www.seagate.com/support/service/
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide
the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase.
The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Preventive maintenance
None required.
18
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.13
Agency certification
2.13.1
Safety certification
The drives are recognized in accordance with UL 1950 and CSA C22.2 (950) and meet all applicable sections
of IEC950 and EN 60950 as tested by TUV North America.
2.13.2
Electromagnetic compatibility
Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/336/EEC). Testing is performed to the levels specified by the product
standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are defined by EN 55022, Class B and
the immunity levels are defined by EN 55024.
Seagate uses an independent laboratory to confirm compliance with the EC directives specified in the previous
paragraph. Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply
with the directives when used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the
directives. The drive is designed for operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O
cable (if necessary) and terminators on all unused I/O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators
should confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their products.
Korean RRL
If these drives have the Korea Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of Article 11 of the Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Radio Research Laboratory (RRL) Ministry of Information
and Communication Republic of Korea.
These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMI/EMS) for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a Korean-recognized lab.
• EUT name (model numbers): ST3160811AS, ST3160211AS, ST3120811AS, ST3120211AS, ST380811AS,
ST380211AS, and ST340211AS.
• Certificate number: E-H011-05-3453 (B)
• Trade name or applicant: Seagate Technology
• Manufacturing date: March 2006
• Manufacturer/nationality: Singapore and China
Australian C-Tick (N176)
If these models have the C-Tick marking, they comply with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS3548
1995 and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Australian Communication Authority (ACA).
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
19
2.13.3
FCC verification
These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached
as an external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually marketed to the customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or certification
of the device is required.
Seagate Technology LLC has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total
assembly (enclosure, disc drive, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B
computing device, pursuant to Subpart J, Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation with noncertified assemblies is
likely to result in interference to radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio
and television reception.
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment
does cause interference to radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off,
you are encouraged to try one or more of the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission:
How to Identify and Resolve Radio-Television Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication number 004-000-00345-4.
2.14
Environmental protection
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations
restricting certain chemical substances.
2.14.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)
The European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive restricts the presence of chemical
substances, including Lead (Pb), in electronic products effective July 2006. Although amendments to the European Union’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive have not been finalized, to the best of our
knowledge the disc drives documented in this publication will comply with the final RoHS Directive requirements.
A number of parts and materials in Seagate products are procured from external suppliers. We rely on the
rep-resentations of our suppliers regarding the presence of RoHS substances in these parts and materials. Our
supplier contracts require compliance with our chemical substance restrictions, and our suppliers document
their compliance with our requirements by providing material content declarations for all parts and materials for
the disc drives documented in this publication. Current supplier declarations include disclosure of the inclusion
of any RoHS-regulated substance in such parts or materials.
Seagate also has internal systems in place to ensure ongoing compliance with the RoHS Directive and all laws
and regulations which restrict chemical content in electronic products. These systems include standard operating procedures that ensure that restricted substances are not utilized in our manufacturing operations, laboratory analytical validation testing, and an internal auditing process to ensure that all standard operating
procedures are complied with.
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Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
2.15
Corrosive environment
Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to
light industrial environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM
B845. However, this accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment. Users
should use caution exposing any electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive
chemicals as electronic drive component reliability can be affected by the installation environment. The silver,
copper, nickel and gold films used in Seagate products are especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide, chloride, and nitrate contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In addition, electronic components
should never be exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) or
exposed to an ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such as vulcanized rubber, that can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any
electronic equipment may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
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Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
3.0
Configuring and mounting the drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive.
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions
After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution:
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground yourself frequently by touching the metal
chassis of a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire
installation procedure.
• Handle the drive by its edges or frame only.
• The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids
the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are
used to seal out dirt and contamination.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
23
3.2
Configuring the drive
Each drive on the Serial ATA interface connects point-to-point with the Serial ATA host adapter. There is no
master/slave relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point relationship. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. Both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices.
Serial ATA drives are designed for easy installation. It is usually not necessary to set any jumpers on the drive
for proper operation; however, if you connect the drive and receive a “drive not detected” error, your SATAequipped motherboard or host adapter may use a chipset that does not support SATA speed autonegotiation. If
you have a motherboard or host adapter that does not support autonegotiation:
• Configure the jumper block with a jumper as shown in Figure 3 below to limit the data transfer rate to 1.5 Gbits
per second (and leave the drive connected to the SATA-equipped motherboard or host adapter that doesn’t
support autonegotiation) or
• Install a SATA host adapter that supports autonegotiation, set the drive jumper block to “3 Gbits per second
operation” (see Figure 3 below), and connect the drive to that adapter. This option has the benefit of not limiting
the drive to a 1.5 Gbits/sec transfer rate.
3.0 Gbits per second operation
Limit data transfer rate to
1.5 Gbits per second
Jumper block
SATA power connector
SATA interface connector
Figure 3. Serial ATA connectors and jumper options
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors
The Serial ATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections. The cable size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 inches). See Table 7
for connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to the drive or host.
For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the host receptacle. The drive
and the host receptacle incorporate features that enable the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind
mateable.
For installations which require cables, you can connect the drive as illustrated in Figure 4.
Signal connector
Power connector
Signal cable
Power cable
Figure 4. Attaching SATA cabling
Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation. Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA drives support latching SATA
connectors.
24
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
3.4
Drive mounting
You can mount the drive in any orientation using four screws in the side-mounting holes or four screws in the
bottom-mounting holes. See Figure 5 for drive mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting precautions when mounting the drive:
• Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 inches (0.76 mm) around the entire perimeter of the drive for cooling.
• Use only 6-32 UNC mounting screws.
• The screws should be inserted no more than 0.150 inch (3.81 mm) into the bottom or side mounting holes.
• Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 6 inch-lb).
Recommended
case temperature
measurement location
Dimensions are shown in inches.
Figure 5. Mounting dimensions—top, side and end view
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
25
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Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
4.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface
These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA
programmed input/output (PIO) modes 0–4; multiword DMA modes 0–2, and Ultra DMA modes 0–6.
For detailed information about the Serial ATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT
Attachment” specification.
4.1
Hot-Plug compatibility
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA drives incorporate connectors which enable you to hot plug these drives in accordance with the Serial ATA II: Extension to Serial ATA 1.0a specification. This specification can be downloaded
from www.serialata.org.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
27
4.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions
Table 7 summarizes the signals on the Serial ATA interface and power connectors..
Table 7:
Segment
Signal
Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Pin
Function
Definition
S1
Ground
2nd mate
S2
A+
Differential signal pair A from Phy
S3
A-
S4
Ground
2nd mate
S5
B-
Differential signal pair B from Phy
S6
B+
S7
Ground
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power segments
Power
P1
V33
3.3V power
P2
V33
3.3V power
P3
V33
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P4
Ground
1st mate
P5
Ground
2nd mate
P6
Ground
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V power
P9
V5
5V power
P10
Ground
2nd mate
P11
Ground or LED signal
If grounded, drive does not use deferred spin
P12
Ground
1st mate.
P13
V12
12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P14
V12
12V power
P15
V12
12V power
Notes:
1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (0.050”) pitch.
2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this
case, the mating sequences are:
• the ground pins P4 and P12.
• the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins.
• the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when
installed in a blind-mate backplane configuration.
4. All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated.
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Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
4.3
Supported ATA commands
The following table lists Serial ATA standard commands that the drive supports. For a detailed description of
the ATA commands, refer to the Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment specification. See
“S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 35.for details and subcommands used in the S.M.A.R.T. implementation.
Table 8:
Supported ATA commands
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Check Power Mode
98H or E5H
Device Configuration Freeze Lock
B1H / C1H
Device Configuration Identify
B1H / C2H
Device Configuration Restore
B1H / C0H
Device Configuration Set
B1H / C3H
Device Reset
08H
Download Microcode
92H
Execute Device Diagnostics
90H
Flush Cache
E7H
Flush Cache Extended
EAH
Format Track
50H
Identify Device
ECH
Idle
97H or E3H
Idle Immediate
95H or E1H
Initialize Device Parameters
91H
Read Buffer
E4H
Read DMA
C8H
Read DMA Extended
25H
Read DMA Without Retries
C9H
Read Log Ext
2FH
Read Multiple
C4H
Read Multiple Extended
29H
Read Native Max Address
F8H
Read Native Max Address Extended
27H
Read Sectors
20H
Read Sectors Extended
24H
Read Sectors Without Retries
21H
Read Verify Sectors
40H
Read Verify Sectors Extended
42H
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries
41H
Recalibrate
10H
Security Disable Password
F6H
Security Erase Prepare
F3H
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
29
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Security Erase Unit
F4H
Security Freeze
F5H
Security Set Password
F1H
Security Unlock
F2H
Seek
70H
Set Features
EFH
Set Max Address
F9H
Note: Individual Set Max Address
commands are identified by the value
placed in the Set Max Features register as defined to the right.
Address:
Password:
Lock:
Unlock:
Freeze Lock:
Set Max Address Extended
37H
Set Multiple Mode
C6H
Sleep
99H or E6H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
B0H / D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave
B0H / D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
B0H / D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline
B0H / D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
B0H / D1H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
B0H / D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
B0H / D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
B0H / DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
B0H / D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
B0H / D6H
Standby
96H or E2H
Standby Immediate
94H or E0H
Write Buffer
E8H
Write DMA
CAH
Write DMA Extended
35H
Write DMA FUA Extended
CDH
Write DMA Without Retries
CBH
Write Log Extended
3FH
Write Multiple
C5H
Write Multiple Extended
39H
Write Multiple FUA Extended
CEH
Write Sectors
30H
Write Sectors Without Retries
31H
Write Sectors Extended
34H
30
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
4.3.1
Identify Device command
The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following
power up. The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown in Table 8 on
page 29. All reserved bits or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or
vary with the state of the drive. See Section 2.0 on page 3 for default parameter settings.
The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the Serial ATA specification.
Word
Description
Value
0C5AH
0
Configuration information:
• Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI
• Bit 7: removable media
• Bit 6: removable controller
• Bit 0: reserved
1
Number of logical cylinders
16,383
2
ATA-reserved
0000H
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Retired
0000H
5
Retired
0000H
6
Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63
003FH
7–9
Retired
0000H
10–19
Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none)
ASCII
20
Retired
0000H
21
Retired
0400H
22
Obsolete
0000H
23–26
Firmware revision (8 ASCII character string, padded with blanks to end of
string)
x.xx
27–46
Drive model number: (40 ASCII characters, padded with blanks to end of
string)
47
(Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read multiple and Write
multiple (16)
8010H
48
Reserved
0000H
49
Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may be disabled
2F00H
50
ATA-reserved
0000H
51
PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode
0200H
52
Retired
0200H
53
Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid
0007H
54
Number of current logical cylinders
xxxxH
55
Number of current logical heads
xxxxH
56
Number of current logical sectors per logical track
xxxxH
57–58
Current capacity in sectors
xxxxH
59
Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple or Write Multiple
command
xxxxH
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
31
Word
Description
Value
60–61
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available
(see Section 2.2 for related information)
*Note: The maximum value allowed in this field is: 0FFFFFFFh
(268,435,455 sectors, 137 Gbytes). Drives with capacities over 137
Gbytes will have 0FFFFFFFh in this field and the actual number of useraddressable LBAs specified in words 100-103. This is required for drives
that support the 48-bit addressing feature.
ST3160811AS = 0FFFFFFFh*
ST3160811AS = 0FFFFFFFh*
ST3120811AS = 234,441,648
ST3120211AS = 234,441,648
ST380811AS = 156,301,488
ST380211AS = 156,301,488
ST340211AS = 78,165,360
62
Retired
0000H
63
Multiword DMA active and modes supported (see note following this
table)
xx07H
64
Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4 supported)
0003H
65
Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 nsec)
0078H
66
Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 nsec)
0078H
67
Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control (240 nsec)
00F0H
68
Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120 nsec)
0078H
69–74
ATA-reserved
0000H
75
Queue depth
0000H
76
Serial ATA capabilities
xxxxH
77
Reserved for future Serial ATA definition
xxxxH
78
Serial ATA features supported
xxxxH
79
Serial ATA features enabled
xxxxH
80
Major version number
003EH
81
Minor version number
0000H
82
Command sets supported
364BH
83
Command sets supported
7C03H
84
Command sets support extension
4003H
85
Command sets enabled
30xxH
86
Command sets enabled
0001H
87
Command sets enable extension
4000H
88
Ultra DMA support and current mode (see note following this table)
xx3FH
89
Security erase time
0000H
90
Enhanced security erase time
0000H
92
Master password revision code
FFFEH
93
Hardware reset value (see description following this table)
xxxxH
95–99
ATA-reserved
0000H
100–
103
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available (see Section 2.2
for related information). These words are required for drives that support
the 48-bit addressing feature. Maximum value: 0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh.
ST3160812AS = 312,581,808
ST3160212AS = 312,581,808
ST3120813AS = 234,441,648
ST3120213AS = 234,441,648
ST380811AS = 156,301,488
ST380211AS = 156,301,488
ST340211AS = 78,165,360
32
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Word
Description
Value
104–
127
ATA-reserved
0000H
128
Security status
0001H
129–
159
Seagate-reserved
xxxxH
160–
254
ATA-reserved
0000H
255
Integrity word
xxA5H
Note.
Advanced Power Management (APM) and Automatic Acoustic Management (AAM) features are not supported
Note.
See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 88, and 93 of the Identify Drive data.
Description (if bit is set to 1)
Bit
Word 63
0
Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported.
8
Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active.
Bit
Word 88
0
Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported.
3
Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported.
4
Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported.
5
Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported.
6
Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported.
8
Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active.
11
Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active.
12
Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active.
13
Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active.
14
Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
33
4.3.2
Set Features command
This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives
this command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If the value in the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted.
Power-on default has the read look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the
Features register are defined as follows:
Table 9:
Set Features command values
02H
Enable write cache (default).
03H
Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register).
Sector Count register values:
00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2).
01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2).
08H PIO mode 0
09H PIO mode 1
0AH PIO mode 2
0BH PIO mode 3
0CH PIO mode 4 (default)
20H Multiword DMA mode 0
21H Multiword DMA mode 1
22H Multiword DMA mode 2
40H Ultra DMA mode 0
41H Ultra DMA mode 1
42H Ultra DMA mode 2
43H Ultra DMA mode 3
44H Ultra DMA mode 4
45H Ultra DMA mode 5
46H Ultra DMA mode 6
10H
Enable use of SATA features
55H
Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature.
82H
Disable write cache
90H
Disable use of SATA features
AAH
Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default).
F1H
Report full capacity available
Note.
34
At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as indicated above.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
4.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands
S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disc drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines
that a failure is likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable.
S.M.A.R.T. predictability is limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T.
commands and implementation, see the Draft ATA-5 Standard.
SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4H) that eliminates unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at:
http://seatools.seagate.com.
This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. You must have a recent BIOS or software package that
supports S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the
drive uses.
Table 10:
S.M.A.R.T. commands
Code in features register
S.M.A.R.T. command
D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST)
D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
D6H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
Note.
If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the command is aborted and 0x 04
(abort) is written to the Error register.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
35
36
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
5.0
Seagate Technology support services
Internet
For information regarding Seagate products and services, visit www.seagate.com. Worldwide support is
available 24 hours daily by email for your questions.
Presales Support:
Presales@Seagate.com
Technical Support:
DiscSupport@Seagate.com
Warranty Support:
http://www.seagate.com/support/service/index.html
mySeagate
my.seagate.com is the industry's first Web portal designed specifically for OEMs and distributors. It provides
self-service access to critical applications, personalized content and the tools that allow our partners to
manage their Seagate account functions. Submit pricing requests, orders and returns through a single,
password-protected Web interface-anytime, anywhere in the world.
spp.seagate.com
spp.seagate.com supports Seagate resellers with product information, program benefits and sales tools. You
may register for customized communications that are not available on the web. These communications contain
product launch, EOL, pricing, promotions and other channel-related information. To learn more about the
benefits or to register, go to spp.seagate.com, any time, from anywhere in the world.
Seagate Service Centers
Presales Support
Our Presales Support staff can help you determine which Seagate products are best suited for your specific
application or computer system, as well as product availability and compatibility.
Technical Support
Seagate technical support is available to assist you online at support.seagate.com or through one of our call
centers. Have your system configuration information and your “ST” model number available.
SeaTDD™ (+1-405-324-3655) is a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD). You can send questions or
comments 24 hours daily and exchange messages with a technical support specialist during normal business
hours for the call center in your region.
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
37
Customer Service Operations
Warranty Service
Seagate offers worldwide customer support for Seagate products. Seagate distributors, OEMs and other direct
customers should contact their Seagate Customer Service Operations (CSO) representative for warrantyrelated issues. Resellers or end users of drive products should contact their place of purchase or Seagate
warranty service for assistance. Have your serial number and model or part number available.
Data Recovery Services
Seagate offers data recovery services for all formats and all brands of storage media. Our data recovery
services labs are currently located throughout the world. . Additional information, including an online request
form and data loss prevention resources, is available at http://services.seagate.com/index.aspx
Authorized Service Centers
Seagate Service Centers are available on a global basis for the return of defective products. Contact your
customer support representative for the location nearest you.
USA/Canada/Latin America support services
For an extensive list of telephone numbers to technical support, presales and warranty service in USA/
Canada/Latin America, including business hours, go to the "Contact Us" page on www.seagate.com.
Global Customer Support
Presales, Technical, and Warranty Support
Call Center
Toll-free
USA, Canada,
and Mexico
1-800-SEAGATE
Data Recovery Services
Call Center
USA, Canada,
and Mexico
Toll-free
1-800-475-01435
Direct dial
+1-405-324-4700
Direct dial
+1-905-474-2162
FAX
1-800-475-0158
+1-905-474-2459
Europe, the Middle East and Africa Support Services
For an extensive list of telephone numbers to technical support, presales and warranty service in Europe, the
Middle East and Africa, go to the "Contact Us" page on www.seagate.com.
Asia/Pacific Support Services
For an extensive list of telephone numbers to technical support, presales and warranty service in Asia/Pacific,
go to the "Contact Us" page on www.seagate.com.
38
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Index
A
ACA 19
acceleration 17
acoustics 17
Active 15
Active mode 15
actuator arm 13
Agency certification 19
altitude 16
Ambient temperature 16
ambient temperature 12, 13
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 18
areal density 1, 11
ATA commands 29
Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS3548 1995
19
Australian Communication Authority (ACA) 19
Australian C-Tick 19
Average latency 12
Average seek time 12
B
BPI 11
buffer 11
C
cables and connectors 24
cache 11
capacity 10
case temperature 16
CE mark 19
certification 19
Check Power Mode 29
Class B computing device 20
compatibility 19
Conducted noise 14
Conducted RF immunity 18
Configuring the drive 23
connectors 24
Corrosive environment 21
CSA C22.2 (950) 19
cycles 18
Cylinders 10
D
data-transfer rates 1
DC power 13
Default logical geometry 10
density 11
Device Configuration Freeze Lock 29
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Device Configuration Identify 29
Device Configuration Restore 29
Device Configuration Set 29
Device Reset 29
dimensions 25
disc surface 13
dissipation 13
Download Microcode 29
E
Electrical fast transient 18
Electromagnetic compatibility 19
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 19
Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation 19
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/336/EEC)
19
Electromagnetic immunity 18
Electrostatic discharge 18
electrostatic discharge (ESD) 23
EN 55022, Class B 19
EN 55024 19
EN 60950 19
Environmental specifications 16
EPRML 11
error-correction algorithms 1
errors 18
ESD 23
EU 19
European Union (EU) requirements 19
Execute Device Diagnostics 29
F
FCC verification 20
features 1
Federal Communications Commission 20
Flush Cache 29
Flush Cache Extended 29
Format Track 29
Formatted capacity 10
G
geometry 10
Gs 17
guaranteed sectors 10
H
Handling precautions 23
heads 10
height 11
humidity 16
I
I/O data-transfer rate 11
39
Identify Device 29
Identify Device command 31
Idle 15, 29
Idle Immediate 29
Idle mode 13, 15
IEC950 19
Information Technology Equipment (ITE) 19
Initialize Device Parameters 29
Input noise ripple 14
input voltage 13
Interface 11
interface 27
Interleave 11
internal data-transfer rate OD 11
is 12
ISO document 7779 17
ITE 19
P
K
R
Korea Ministry of Information and Communication
(MIC) 19
Korean RRL 19
Radiated RF immunity 18
Radio and television interference 20
radio frequency (RF) 18
random seeks 13
Read Buffer 29
Read DMA 29
Read DMA Extended 29
Read DMA without Retries 29
read errors 18
Read Log Ext 29
Read Multiple 29
Read Multiple Extended 29
Read Native Max Address 29
Read Native Max Address Extended 29
Read Sectors 29
Read Sectors Extended 29
Read Sectors Without Retries 29
Read Verify Sectors 29
Read Verify Sectors Extended 29
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries 29
read/write actuator arm 13
Read/write heads 10
Read/write power 13
Recalibrate 29
recording density 11
Recording method 11
Recording technology 11
relative humidity 16
Reliability 18
RF 18
RMS read/write current 14
RoHS 20
RRL 19
L
latency 12
latency time 13
LBA mode 10
length 11
logical geometry 10
M
maintenance 18
master/slave 2
maximum temperature 16
MIC 19
mounting 25
mounting screws 16
mounting the drive 23
N
noise 14
nominal power 12
Nonoperating shock 16
Nonoperating vibration 17
Nonrecoverable read errors 18
O
operating 13
Operating power 13
Operating shock 16
Operating vibration 17
40
Physical characteristics 11
point-to-point 2, 24
Power consumption 13
power consumption 13
power dissipation 13
Power modes 15
Power specifications 13
Power-management modes 15
Power-on to Ready 12
precautions 23
printed circuit board 23
programmable power management 15
Q
quick reference 3
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
S
Surge immunity 18
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations 30
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations 30
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave 30
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline 30
S.M.A.R.T. implementation 29
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds 30
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data 30
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector 30
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status 30
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values 30
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log sector 30
Safety certification 19
SATA 11, 27
screws 16
sectors 10
Sectors per track 10
Security Disable Password 29
Security Erase Prepare 29
Security Erase Unit 30
Security Freeze 30
Security Set Password 30
Security Unlock 30
Seek 30
seek mode 13
Seek mode power 13
Seek time 12
Seeking 13
Serial ATA 11
Serial ATA (SATA) interface 27
serial ATA ports 2
Servo electronics 13
servo electronics 13
Set Features 30
Set Max Address 30
Set Max Address Extended 30
Set Multiple Mode 30
Shock 16
single-track seeks 12
Sleep 13, 15, 30
Sleep mode 15
sound 17
Specification summary table 3
spindle speed 11
Spinup 13
Spinup power 13
Standby 13, 15, 30
Standby Immediate 30
Standby mode 13, 15
standby timer 15
Standby to Ready 12
Start/stop times 12
start-stop cycles 18
static-discharge 23
support services 37
T
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
technical support services 37
temperature 12, 16
temperature gradient 16
timer 15
timers 15
track density 11
Track-to-track 12
Track-to-track seek time 12
TUV North America 19
U
UL 1950 19
V
Vibration 17
voltage 13
Voltage dips, interrupts 18
Voltage tolerance 14
W
weight 11
wet bulb temperature 16
width 11
Write Buffer 30
Write DMA 30
Write DMA Extended 30
Write DMA FUA Extended 30
Write DMA Without Retries 30
Write Log Extended 30
Write Multiple 30
Write Multiple Extended 30
Write Multiple FUA Extended 30
Write Sectors 30
Write Sectors Extended 30
Write Sectors Without Retries 30
41
42
Barracuda 7200.9 Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. C
Seagate Technology LLC
920 Disc Drive, Scotts Valley, California 95066-4544, USA
Publication Number: 100417177, Rev. C, Printed in USA