Cadillac 2001 Catera Owner`s manual

Every
2001 Catera
under warranty is
backed with the
following
services:
Courtesy
Transportation
1-800-882-1112
that provides in an emergency:
Free lockout assistance
Free dead-battery assistance
Free out-of-fuel assistance
Free flat-tire change
Emergency towing
2001 Cadillac Catera
Owner's Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 22619944 A First Edition
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 2000
All Rights Reserved
i
Table of Contents
Seats and Restraint Systems
Section 1
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts
Air Bag Systems
Restraint Systems for Children
Features and Controls
Section 2
ii
Windows
Keys and Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System
Trunk Release
Automatic Transmission
Parking Brake
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Windshield Wipers
Cruise Control
Exterior and Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Convenience Net
Accessory Power Outlets
OnStar® System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLink® Transmitter (Option)
Instrument Panel, Warning Lights and Gages
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
Section 3
Heating and Air Conditioning
Setting the Radio Clock
Radio/Cassette Player/CD Player (If Equipped)
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature
Steering Wheel Controls
Your Driving and the Road
Section 4
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Driving Tips for Various Road Conditions
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Problems on the Road
Section 5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Changing a Flat Tire
If You're Stuck
iii
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Service and Appearance Care
Section 6
Fuel
Checking Fluids and Lubricants
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Brakes
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires and Wheels
Appearance Care
Electrical System/Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Maintenance Schedule
Scheduled Maintenance
Owner Checks and Services
Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Maintenance Records
See separate Maintenance Schedule Booklet
iv
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Customer Assistance Information
Section 7
Customer Satisfaction Procedures
Customer Assistance Offices
Roadside Assistance and Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information (See Warranty Manual)
Reporting Safety Defects on page 7-10
Service Publications
Index
Section 8
In the Index you will find an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual.
You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
Please refer to the last page of this manual for your Service Station Guide
v
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath and
the name CATERA are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after
that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in
Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
vi
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
vii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
viii
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle. Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important for
you and your
passengers
whenever your
vehicle is driven:
CHILD
RESTRAINT
TOP STRAP
ANCHOR
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
POWER
WINDOW
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
AIR BAG
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
ix
Service Station Guide
Cooling System
For
a More
Detailed Look at
What's Under the Hood
Hood Release
Tire Pressure
See Section 5
See Section 6
See Section 6
See Section 6
Windshield Washer
Fluid
See Section 6
Battery
Engine Oil Dipstick
See Section 6
See Section 6
Oil Viscosity
Engine Oil
See Section 6
Fuel
Remote Fuel
Door Release
See Section 6
Use unleaded only.
See Section 6
for octane ratings.
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1- 2
1- 13
1- 17
1- 18
1- 18
1- 25
1- 26
1- 26
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag Systems
1- 34
1- 34
1- 38
1- 42
1- 52
1- 55
1- 55
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Rear Seat Passengers
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them, and also about reclining front seatbacks, lumbar
adjustments, heated seats and head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
Lift the bar located under the front seat to unlock it.
Slide the seat to where you want it and release the bar.
Try to move the seat with your body to be sure the seat
is locked into place.
1-2
To tilt the front portion of the seat cushion up or down,
lift the seat lever located on the outboard side of the seat
cushion. Release the lever to lock the seat into place.
When additional support is no longer needed, return the
cushion to its original position by pushing it towards the
rear of the vehicle.
Manual Lumbar Support
The manual lumbar control
is located on the outboard
side of each front seatback.
The control provides
additional support to your
lower back and works
independently of other
seat controls.
To raise or lower the seat cushion, press one of the
rocker switch buttons located on the side of the seat
cushion closest to the door. The top button raises
the seat cushion and the bottom button lowers the
seat cushion.
Vehicles with sport seats also include an adjustable seat
cushion which extends outward to provide additional
leg support.
To extend the bottom of the seat cushion, grasp the front
portion of the cushion and pull it towards the front of
the vehicle.
Use the seat controls first to get the proper seating
position. Then proceed with the lumbar adjustment.
The upper and lower seatback can be adjusted using the
small hand-wheel control. Turn the control forward to
increase support and rearward to decrease support.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes,
as it may during long trips, so should the position
of the lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
1-3
Power Seats (If Equipped)
The power seat controls are located on the outboard side
of each front seat cushion.
D Move the front of the control up or down to adjust
the front portion of the cushion up or down.
D Move the rear of the control up or down to adjust
the rear portion of the cushion up or down.
D To adjust the seat height, lift up or push down on
the center of the control.
D To move the seat forward or rearward, slide the
control in the desired direction.
1-4
If a failure in the power supply system occurs, the power
seats can be manually adjusted by inserting the crank
handle into the slot located below the seat cushion
(as shown in the above illustration).
The crank handle is provided in the tool kit located in
the trunk (with the jack).
Turn the crank handle clockwise until you’ve reached
your desired seating position (manually moving the seat
requires turning the crank handle many times).
Memory Seat and Mirrors (If Equipped)
These buttons are located on the outboard side of
the driver’s seat. Seat and mirror positions may be
programmed for two additional drivers by repeating
the above steps and pressing memory button “2”
or “3” instead of memory button “1.”
If your vehicle is in PARK (P), you can recall mirror and
seating positions by pressing and holding one of the
three memory buttons. This will adjust the seat and
mirrors to where you have previously programmed
them. Seat and mirror movement is immediately stopped
if the memory button is released or if a seat or mirror
control is moved.
After adjusting the driver’s seat to a comfortable position,
also adjust the interior and exterior mirrors. To program
the memory seat and mirrors, press memory button “M”
and memory button “1” at the same time and hold for
five seconds.
If you try to adjust the driver’s memory seat and it
doesn’t move, try opening the driver’s door. This
will reactivate power to the driver’s seat. (Power to
the driver’s seat “times out” after 30 seconds.
Power to the passenger’s seat is always present.)
1-5
Heated Front Seats (Option)
The controls for the heated
front seats are located next
to the climate controls on
either side of the center
console. Turning the
driver or passenger side
thumbwheel control
counterclockwise from
the off position activates
the heated seat.
The control can be adjusted to one of five heat settings,
numbered “1 through 5”, with 1 being the lowest setting
and 5 being the highest setting.
An indicator light in the control reminds you that the
heating system is in use. The heated seats can only be
used when the ignition is turned on.
To turn the heated seat off, turn the thumbwheel control
clockwise to the off position.
1-6
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The manual recliner
control is located
on the side of the
seatback closet to
the door, below the
lumbar control.
To move the seatback forward, turn the hand-wheel control
forward. Turn the control rearward to recline the seatback.
If you have a power
recliner, the power control
is located on the outboard
side of each front seatback.
Press the control forward
or rearward to adjust
the seatback.
CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
1-7
Head Restraints
Removable Head Restraints
CAUTION:
If a head restraint is not installed on the seatback
or stored in the vehicle properly, it could be
thrown about the vehicle in a crash or sudden
maneuver. People in the vehicle could be injured.
Remove the head restraints only when you need
to fold the seat, and be sure that the head
restraints are stored securely in the trunk. When
the seat is returned to the passenger position, be
sure the head restraints are installed properly.
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The head restraints tilt forward and rearward also.
The rear seat head restraints in your vehicle are
adjustable. They work the same as the front seat head
restraints, except they do not tilt forward or rearward.
1-8
For more cargo space or to fold down the front
passenger’s seat, you may need to remove the head
restraint. Press both release buttons at the top of the
seatback and slide the head restraint out of the height
adjust tubes.
The head restraint should be stored securely on the
driver’s side of the trunk as shown.
Replace the head restraint when you have finished
carrying cargo or when the passenger’s seat is returned
to its normal upright position.
1-9
Rear Seats
CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person wearing
the belt could be seriously injured. After raising
the rear seatback, always check to be sure that
the safety belts are properly routed and attached,
and are not twisted.
1-10
Folding the Rear Seat
With the rear folding seatbacks, you can carry long
cargo by folding down part or all of the rear seat.
Before you can fold the rear seat, you need to unlatch
the center buckle.
Insert a key or a similar
object into the slot as
shown to unlatch the
buckle. Move the belt
to the side so it is not
in your way.
Return the safety belts to
their original positions so
they will be available for
rear seat passengers to use.
To do so, slide the buckle
into the latch as shown.
To unlock the rear seatback, press the pushbutton at the
top of the seat and fold the seatback forward. To return
the seat to the upright position, lift up on the seatback
and push it rearward until it latches. After returning the
seat to the upright position, pull forward on the seatback
to make sure it is locked into place.
1-11
Heated Rear Seat (Option)
The heated rear seat
controls are located on the
rear center console under
the air outlets. Press the
button once to turn on the
heating system. Press the
button again to turn the
system off.
The panel behind the rear seat armrest also folds down.
Turn the knob counterclockwise and pull the panel
forward to gain access to the trunk. When finished using
the panel, return it to its original position and turn the
knob clockwise to secure.
1-12
A telltale light in the button indicates the system is in
use. The heated seats can only be used when the ignition
is turned on. The heating system shuts off automatically
when the ignition is turned off.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to
be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people
to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using
a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
1-13
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-14
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-15
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-16
or the instrument panel ...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have
to wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-17
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond
your control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding
in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-18
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
1-19
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-20
To move it down, press down on the arrow symbol and
move the height adjuster to the desired position. You can
move the adjuster up just by pushing up on the bottom
of the height adjuster. After you move the adjuster to
where you want it, try to move it down without pushing
in to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt
is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be away from
your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-21
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-22
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-23
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work properly,
or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-24
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to
be seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-25
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s
more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash.
For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to
making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
Your vehicle may also have side impact air bags -- a
side impact air bag for the driver and another side
impact air bag for the right front passenger.
If your vehicle has side impact air bags, it will say
AIRBAG on the air bag covering on the side of the
driver’s and right front passenger’s seatback closest
to the door.
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all
the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all
the way and start again.
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air
bag systems.
Your vehicle has air bags -- a frontal air bag for
the driver and another frontal air bag for the right
front passenger.
1-26
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags are designed to work with
safety belts but don’t replace them.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate
to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle
hits something. They aren’t designed to inflate at
all in rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal
crashes. And, for unrestrained occupants, frontal
air bags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful air bags have
provided in the past. The side impact air
bags for the driver and right front passenger
are designed to inflate only in moderate to
severe crashes where something hits the
side of your vehicle. They aren’t designed to
inflate in frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air bag
for that person.
1-27
CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an eye.
If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for air bag inflation before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle. Front occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door.
CAUTION: (Continued)
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Children.”
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows the air bag symbol.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-28
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
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CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering and don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
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When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”
If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t
move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 15 mph
(14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however,
with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will
be higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers,
side impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would
not help the occupant.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can
vary with specific vehicle design.
Side impact air bags are not designed to inflate in frontal
or near-frontal impacts, rollovers or rear impacts,
because inflation would not help the occupant. A side
impact air bag will only deploy on the side of the
vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact air
bags, inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door.
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How does an air bag restrain?
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including frontal or near
frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air
bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s side impact air bags.
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the instrument
panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the side of the
seatback closest to the door for the driver and right front
passenger’s side impact air bags -- will be hot for a short
time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with you
may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be
some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
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D Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for
your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
diagnostic module, which records information about
the frontal air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the system commands air bag inflation and driver’s
safety belt usage at deployment.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag systems. Improper service can mean that an
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or
the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right
front passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s and right
front passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not
open or break the air bag coverings.
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Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate
to severe crash in which the front of the vehicle
hits something.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped
with yellow felt, wires wrapped with yellow tape
or yellow connectors. They are probably part
of the air bag systems. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-34
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a crash,
you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other new
parts for your safety belt system. See “Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash” in the Index.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All three rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
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2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way, it
will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again. Make sure the release button on the
buckle is positioned so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
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The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
Each position next to the windows has a shoulder belt
height adjuster. Move the shoulder belt adjuster to the
height that is right for you.
To move it down, press the arrow symbol and move the
height adjuster to the desired position. You can move
the height adjuster up just by pushing up on the bottom
of the height adjuster. After you move the adjuster to
where you want it, try to move it down without pushing
in to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
1-37
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must
be restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use
the vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-38
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h),
a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a
240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-39
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it
will be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
1-40
CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant
in a rear-facing seat settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
1-41
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
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A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a
crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner,
and some high-back booster seats have a five-point
harness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out
the window.
1-43
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have
used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to
be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps
that come down over each of the infant’s shoulders
and buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
1-44
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important,
so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy
from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in the rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any
child restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child
is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a
kit is available.
1-45
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be anchored.
In the United States, some child restraints also have a top
strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it should
be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of these anchor points.
Be sure to use an anchor point located on the same
side of the vehicle as the seating position where the
child restraint will be placed. Raise the head restraint
and route the top strap under it.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind the
rear seat on the filler panel.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be
ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the
top strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
In order to get to a bracket, you’ll have to open the
trim cover.
1-46
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around
the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-47
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-48
5. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into
the retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
If you’re using a forward-facing child restraint, you
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-50
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the child
restraint. You may find it helpful to use your knee
to push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-52
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be crushed
together and seriously injured. A belt must be
used by only one person at a time.
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that
in a crash the child’s upper body would have the
restraint that belts provide.
1-53
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide under the belt.
The belt’s force would then be applied right on
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies
belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
1-54
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash.
They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn or
frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If you ever see a yellow label on the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s safety belt buckle, that means to
replace the buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the
new buckle assembly will be there to help protect you in
a collision.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system
earlier in this section.
1-55
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-5
2-7
2-10
2-14
2-16
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2-19
2-20
2-20
2-22
2-23
2-25
2-30
2-31
2-33
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System (RKE)
Trunk
Theft
Theft-Deterrent System (Option)
Immobilizer
New Vehicle“Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transmission Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
2-35
2-35
2-36
2-36
2-37
2-37
2-45
2-50
2-52
2-54
2-57
2-60
2-64
2-68
2-72
Parking Over Things that Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Horn
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (If Equipped)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
2-
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Power Windows
When you stop your vehicle and turn the ignition key to
LOCK, you can still use the power windows. The
electrical power to operate the windows will not shut off
until a door is opened -- there is no time limit to this
feature. As soon as a door is opened, power window
movement will stop immediately.
Programming the Power Windows
If the battery on your vehicle has been recharged,
disconnected or is not working, you will need to
reprogram each power window for the express-open and
close features to work. Before reprogramming, you will
need to replace or recharge your vehicle’s battery.
To program each window, follow these steps:
1. Close all doors.
The controls are located on the door armrests. Tap the
controls downward or upward to lower or raise the
windows in small amounts. To express-open the
window, press the forward edge of the control down
for about one second and then release. If you want to
stop the window as it is lowering, pull up the front of
the control.
2. Press and hold the power window control until the
window has fully opened.
To raise the window, pull up the front of the control.
Pulling the control up for about one second and then
releasing it will express-close the window.
The window is now programmed. Repeat the process for
each window.
3. Pull the power window control up until the window
is fully closed.
4. Continue holding the control up for approximately
five seconds after the window is completely up.
2-3
Anti-Pinch Feature
If a hand, an arm or another object is above the middle
of the window and is in the way of the power window
express-closing, the window will stop at the obstruction
and express-open to a preset factory position.
CAUTION:
Pressing and holding the power window control
button will turn off the anti-pinch feature.
If this happens, a power window won’t stop if
something gets in the way. You or others could be
injured, and your window could be damaged. Be
careful not to press and hold the power window
control button.
2-4
Rear Window Lockout
Moving this switch to the
left will disable the rear
passenger window controls.
A red indicator light in the
control will illuminate as
a reminder that the rear
passenger window controls
have been disabled.
Moving the switch back to the right to enable the rear
passenger window controls again. A green indicator
light in the control will illuminate to indicate that the
rear passenger window controls are once again active.
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-5
One key is used for the
ignition, the doors and all
other locks. (There is no
lock cylinder for the trunk
or the passenger’s door.)
Your vehicle comes with a spare key. This key does not
have an immobilizer pellet in it; however, it will still
unlock your vehicle’s doors. Because of the key’s flat
shape, it can be stored in your wallet.
If you’ve lost your keys or need to have a new one
made, you will have to contact your dealer for the
correct key code.
2-6
In an emergency, contact the Cadillac Roadside
Assistance Center. See “Roadside Assistance”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. You can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside and you may have to
damage your vehicle to get in. Be sure you
have extra keys.
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter. This will avoid setting off the optional
theft-deterrent alarm.
From inside your vehicle,
slide the manual lock lever
down to lock the door. To
unlock the door, slide the
manual lock lever up.
Central Door Unlocking System
When unlocking the driver’s door from the outside,
you can also unlock the other doors by holding the
key in a turned position for several seconds (turn the
key counterclockwise).
Pressing the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter twice in a row will also open the other doors.
2-7
Power Door Locks
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
Push the side of the power
door lock switch with the
lock symbol to lock all the
doors. Push the side of the
switch with the unlock
symbol to unlock all
the doors.
Automatic Door Locks
Close the doors and turn on the ignition. Every time you
move the shift lever out of PARK (P), all of the doors
will lock. The doors will also unlock every time you
stop the vehicle and move the shift lever into PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual or power
door lock. When the door is closed again, it will not lock
automatically. Use the manual or power lock to lock the
door again.
2-8
Each remote keyless entry transmitter supplied
with your vehicle can be programmed to suit each
driver’s door lock preference. The two remote keyless
entry transmitters are identified on the back with
either a “1” or a “2”. Each transmitter must be
programmed separately.
The automatic door locks can be programmed (using the
remote keyless entry transmitter) for various lock and
unlock options.
With the ignition on, the transmission in PARK (P)
and the brake pedal pressed down, you are now ready
to begin programming.
To program:
All doors do not unlock when shifting into
PARK (P) - Press the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter four times. Each press should
be held for about one second with less than five seconds
in between each press.
All doors unlock when shifting into PARK (P) - Press
the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter four times. Each press should be held for
about one second with less than five seconds in between
each press.
The unlock button will toggle between the above
two settings.
All doors do not lock when shifting out
of PARK (P) - Press the lock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter four times. Each press should
be held for about one second with less than five seconds
in between each press.
To use this lock do the following:
All doors lock when shifting out of PARK (P) - Press
the lock button on the remote keyless entry four times.
Each press should be held for about one second with less
than five seconds in between each press.
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
The lock button will toggle between the above
two settings.
Rear Door Security Lock
Your vehicle is equipped
with rear door security
locks that help prevent
passengers from opening
the rear door of your vehicle
from the inside. The lock is
located on the rear edge of
each rear door.
1. Move the lever on the door all the way down into the
ENGAGED position.
2. Close the door.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
When you want to open a rear door when the security
lock is on:
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door lock do the following:
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way up.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
2-9
Anti-Lockout Feature
Remote Keyless Entry System (RKE)
Leaving your key in the ignition with a door open will
prevent locking of the doors with either the power door
lock switches or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
It is always recommended that you remove the ignition
key when locking your vehicle.
With this feature, you can lock and unlock your doors or
unlock your trunk from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet
(9 m) away using the remote keyless entry transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by holding
the power door lock switch for three seconds or longer.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving your vehicle, open the door, set the
locks from the inside, get out and close the door.
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
2-10
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The average range of this system is about 30 feet (9 m).
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry transmitter. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
Operation
When you press
this symbol to unlock
the driver’s door, the
parking lamps on your
vehicle will blink
twice. The parking
lamps and headlamps
will remain on for
about 20 seconds.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement or
resynchronization is necessary. See the instructions
that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
Pressing this button again within five seconds will
unlock the other doors. Pressing this button will also
disarm the optional theft-deterrent system and turn on
the interior lamps (for approximately 20 seconds).
When you press this symbol to lock the doors
(including the fuel door), the parking lamps will blink
once. This also arms the optional theft-deterrent system.
Press this symbol to open the trunk.
Press this button to unlock the fuel door.
2-11
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Battery Replacement
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
2-12
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Use a thin coin to pry open the transmitter.
2. Remove the battery and replace it with a CR2032
battery. Using the wrong size battery can damage the
transmitter. Make sure the battery is positioned with
the “plus” (+) facing down.
3. Align the internal pieces of the transmitter, including
the cover. Snap together to reinstall.
2-13
Resynchronization
Pressing the transmitter buttons numerous times
(approximately 250 times) out of the vehicle’s operating
range may cause the transmitter not to work. Replacing
the battery and pressing the transmitter buttons 10 or
more times out of range will also cause the transmitter
not to work.
To resynchronize the transmitter, you must be within the
vehicle’s operating range. Press and hold the lock and
unlock buttons for approximately 5 to 10 seconds.
See your dealer for service if your transmitter still
doesn’t work properly.
2-14
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on AUTO and the temperature between
65_F (18_C) and 85_F (29_C). That will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
“Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Trunk Release
To use this feature, your
transmission must be in
PARK (P). Press the trunk
release button located on the
center console next to the
radio to open the trunk.
You can also press the trunk button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter to access the trunk
compartment. Your vehicle doesn’t have a trunk
key lock cylinder.
If your vehicle loses power
temporarily, you can
manually open the trunk
using the trunk release
handle. The handle is
located on the underside of
the trunk lid on the driver’s
side and can be accessed
through the fold-down
rear seats.
Fold down the driver’s side rear seat and reach through
to the trunk compartment to find the release handle.
Pulling the handle opens the trunk. For more
information on how to fold the rear seats, see
“Folding the Rear Seat” in the Index.
2-15
Trunk Release Handle (If Equipped)
There is a glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle located
inside the trunk near the latch. This handle will glow
following exposure to light. Pull the release handle up to
open the trunk from the inside.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
NOTICE:
The trunk release handle was not designed to be
used to tie down the trunk lid or as an anchor
point when securing items in the trunk. Improper
use of the trunk release handle could damage it.
2-16
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a tone reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transmission. And remember to lock
the doors.
Parking at Night
Theft-Deterrent System (Option)
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
If the ignition is off
and a door is open, the
SECURITY light will flash
to remind you to activate
the system.
Parking Lots
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your key?
D If possible, park in a busy, well-lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure to close and lock the
storage area.
D
D
D
D
Close all windows.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
To arm the system do the following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The SECURITY
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all the doors. The SECURITY light should go
off within approximately 30 seconds.
The horn will sound and the headlamps will flash for
several minutes when the door or trunk is opened
without the key or remote keyless entry transmitter.
The horn also sounds if the locks are damaged.
2-17
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate if
you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates only if you use a power door lock
switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Testing the Alarm
To avoid activating the alarm by accident:
D The vehicle should be locked with the key after the
2. From outside the vehicle, with the door open, lock
the vehicle using the power door lock or the remote
keyless entry transmitter and close the door. Wait
30 seconds until the SECURITY light stops flashing.
D Always unlock a door with a key or use the remote
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock
and open the door. The horn will sound and the
headlamps will flash.
doors are closed if you don’t want to activate the
theft-deterrent system.
keyless entry transmitter. (Pressing the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter disables the
theft-deterrent system.) Unlocking a door any other
way will activate the alarm. Cycling the ignition
without disarming the theft-deterrent system will
also activate the alarm.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm by
using the remote keyless entry transmitter. The alarm
won’t stop if you try to unlock a door in any other way.
2-18
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to
see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown.
To replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in
the Index. If the fuse does not need to be replaced, you
may need to have your vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always activate
the optional theft-deterrent system when leaving
your vehicle.
Immobilizer
Your vehicle is equipped
with a passive
theft-deterrent system.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The system works when you turn the key to ON (II).
The key uses a transponder that matches an immobilizer
control unit in your vehicle. The correct key will start
the vehicle.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
2-19
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the
long run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
2-20
Ignition Positions
Keep in mind that you may have to turn the steering
wheel as you turn the key in order to turn the ignition
switch from LOCK to START -- this is normal. Using
extra effort to remove the key from the ignition switch,
as compared to other GM vehicles that you may have
owned, is also normal.
If your key is stuck in the ignition switch and cannot be
turned back to LOCK, your vehicle will need to be
repaired. See your dealer for service.
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn it to
four different positions.
LOCK (S): This is the only
position from which you
can remove the key. This
position locks the ignition,
steering wheel and
transmission. It’s a
theft-deterrent feature.
START (III): This position starts the engine.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
OFF (I): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like LOCK. Use OFF if you must have your
vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for example, if
your vehicle is being pushed).
To lock the steering column, remove the key while in
LOCK. Turn the steering wheel until you hear a click.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The radio and the optional cellular phone are the only
accessories on your vehicle that may be used for up to
10 minutes after the ignition is turned to OFF or until a
door is opened.
Power to the door locks is available at all times.
Power to the fuel door and trunk release will be
available for 15 minutes after the ignition is turned
to OFF.
The power window controls and the sunroof (optional)
controls are active until a door is opened -- there is no
time limit as long as the doors remain closed.
ON (II): This is the position used for driving
your vehicle.
2-21
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
2-22
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, hold your key
in START for about 10 seconds at a time until
your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
2-23
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord for the engine coolant heater is in
front of the air cleaner filter and under the headlamp
cover, on the passenger’s side of the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
2-24
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
There are several different
positions for the shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks the transmission drive
shaft. It’s the best position to use when you start the
engine because your vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine.
2-25
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply the regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition key is in ON. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever -- push the
shift lever all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain
brake application. Then move the shift lever into the
gear you wish. See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in
this section.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging the transmission, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): The engine doesn’t connect with
the wheels when driving in NEUTRAL (N). Use
NEUTRAL (N) to restart your vehicle when you’re
already moving or when your vehicle is being towed.
2-26
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to the transmission caused by shifting
out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the
engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
DRIVE (D): Use this for normal driving. If you need
more power for passing, and you’re:
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transmission will shift down to the next gear.
THIRD (3): This position is not used for normal
driving. It offers more power and lower fuel economy
than DRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of DRIVE (D):
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
D When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): Driving in this position gives you more
power than driving in THIRD (3). Use it on hills. It can
help control your speed as you go down steep mountain
roads, but then you would also want to use the brakes
off and on.
FIRST (1): This position gives you more power (but
lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can use it
on very steep hills. If the shift lever is put in FIRST (1),
the transmission won’t shift into first gear until the
vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If the rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or you were up against a solid
object. You could damage the transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transmission. Use the brakes to hold your vehicle
in position on a hill.
When you start your vehicle and the engine temperature
is below 86_F (30_ C), upshifting of the transmission
will be delayed for about one minute. This is normal.
The engine’s catalytic converter is warming up during
this time.
2-27
Upshifting and downshifting of the transmission is
automatically modified to prevent undesired shifting
when your vehicle is towing a trailer or when you
are driving in hilly or mountainous terrain.
This is also normal.
Sport Mode Button
For a firmer shift and
increased performance, you
may choose the sport mode.
This button lets you change
from a normal driving mode
to a sport driving mode.
It is located on the shift
lever handle.
2-28
Press the “S” button once to select the sport feature.
Press it again to return to the normal driving mode.
When you start the engine, your vehicle will be in
normal mode. For general driving conditions, use the
normal mode. It will remain in normal unless you select
the sport feature.
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will come
on when the sport mode
is selected.
If this light begins flashing while you are driving,
there may be a fault in the automatic transmission.
Have your vehicle serviced.
Third-Gear Start
Press this button to provide
more traction when you are
starting on ice or other
slippery surfaces. It only
operates when the shift
lever is in DRIVE (D). The
button is located next to the
shift lever on the console.
This feature is for improved traction only when the road
surface is slippery and is not intended for continuous use
or when the vehicle is stuck in sand, mud, ice, snow or
gravel. Drive as usual for normal road conditions.
This feature automatically turns off when any of the
following conditions occur:
D When the ignition is turned off.
D If the shift lever is placed in PARK (P), THIRD (3),
SECOND (2), or FIRST (1).
D If you press and hold the accelerator pedal past its
resistance point for more than two seconds.
The transmission will be in THIRD (3) when the vehicle
begins to move. After starting in THIRD (3), the vehicle
will upshift normally.
D When speed falls below 25 mph (40 km/h).
D Once the vehicle reaches 67 mph (108 km/h).
To turn this feature off, press the button again.
Whenever you start your vehicle, the transmission is in
the normal mode.
2-29
Parking Brake
If you start to drive with the parking brake set, the
BRAKE warning light stays on. See “Brake System
Warning Light” in the Index for more information.
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down
with your foot and pull the parking brake lever up until
you can press the end release button. Hold the release
button in as you move the brake lever all the way down.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause the
rear brakes to overheat. You may have to replace
them, and you could also damage other parts of
your vehicle.
The parking brake is located on the center console
between the front seats.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your foot and pull up on the parking brake
lever. If the ignition is on, the brake system warning
light will come on.
2-30
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. This section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
D Pull the button on the shift lever handle up
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
and then push the shift lever all the way toward
the front of your vehicle into PARK (P).
Release the button.
D With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the ignition key and take it with you.
If you can leave your vehicle with the key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-31
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and the
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without pressing the
button on the shift lever handle. If you can, it means that
the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-32
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission, so
you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in ON. See “Automatic Transmission” in
the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF. Open and close the
driver’s door to turn off the Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 8.
3. With both hands, squeeze the base of the shift lever
boot (covering) together as shown.
4. Pull the upper part of the base out first and then slide
out the lower part of the base.
5. Lift the shift lever boot (covering) up to move it out
of your way.
2-33
6. At the bottom of the shift lever, you will see a
yellow tab. With one hand, push the tab to unlock
the shift lever.
7. Shift to NEUTRAL (N) with the other hand.
8. Start the engine (if you can) and then shift to the
drive gear you want.
9. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-34
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things
that can burn.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-35
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running.
But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake after
you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Horn
The horn can be sounded by pressing either horn symbol
on the steering wheel.
2-36
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Tilt steering allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you begin driving. Raising the steering wheel to
the highest level gives your legs more room when you
enter and exit your vehicle.
Hold the steering wheel and pull the lever toward you
to tilt the wheel. Adjust the steering wheel to a
comfortable position and then release the lever to
lock the wheel in place.
2-37
Turn and Lane Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the turn signal/multifunction
lever all the way up or down. The lever returns
automatically when the turn is complete.
This arrow on the
instrument panel cluster
will flash in the direction of
the turn or lane change.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change
is complete. The lever returns when it is released.
Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned-out front signal
bulb. (This does not occur with a burned-out rear bulb).
Other drivers won’t see the turn signal. Replace
burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible accidents.
Check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index) and for burned-out bulbs if the arrow fails to
work when signaling a turn.
2-38
Headlamp High/Low Beam
With the Twilight SentinelR on or with the lamp
control dial turned to the headlamp position, push the
turn signal/multifunction lever on the driver’s side of
the steering wheel away from you to turn on the
high-beam headlamps.
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will be on,
indicating high-beam usage.
Pull the lever back to the original position to return to
low-beam headlamps. For more information, see
“Headlamps” in the Index.
Flash-To-Pass
This feature uses the high-beam headlamps to signal the
driver in front of you that you want to pass. This feature
will work with either the headlamps on or off.
To use, pull the turn signal lever toward you and release.
Windshield Wipers
= (HIGH): Move the lever all the way up for a fast
wiper speed.
- (LOW): The third position up controls the low
wiper speed.
-- (DELAY): This position is for a controlled delay
setting. Turn the control dial on the lever to increase or
decrease the delay between wipe cycles.
o (OFF): This position turns off the wipers.
WIPER: Move the lever on the passenger’s side of the
steering wheel up and down to control the wipers.
MIST: Tap the lever up and then release it for a single
wipe cycle. For more cycles, pull and hold the lever.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades do
become damaged, replace them with new blades. See
“Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement” in the Index.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
2-39
Windshield Washer
Pull and hold the washer
lever towards you to wash
the windshield. Release the
lever when you have
enough fluid. The wipers
will clear the windshield
and either stop or return to
your preset speed.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
2-40
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will be
displayed when the washer
fluid reaches a low level.
See “Low Washer Fluid Warning Light” in the Index for
more information.
Cruise Control
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where
D
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
Cruise control shuts off when you apply the brakes.
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control.
Don’t use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index. When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
2-41
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
1. Accelerate to the speed you want.
2. Press the SET/ACCEL button at the end of the lever
and release it.
3. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
2-42
Resuming a Set Speed
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to go to a higher speed.
Push the SET/ACCEL. button at the end of the lever
and then release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at a higher speed.
D Press the SET/ACCEL. button until the desired
speed is reached. The new speed is maintained when
the button is released. To increase your speed in
very small amounts, tap the SET/ACCEL. button
repeatedly. Each time you do this, your vehicle will
go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you have
set the cruise control speed by pushing the
SET/ACCEL. button.
Setting the cruise control at a desired speed and then
applying the brake will end the cruise function.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can press the RESUME/DECEL. button briefly
to reset. This returns you to your desired preset speed.
If you hold the SET/ACCEL. button in briefly, the
vehicle will accelerate until you release the button or
apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the button in.
2-43
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
How well the cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
D Press the RESUME/DECEL. button at the end of
the lever until you reach a desired lower speed, then
release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, tap the
RESUME/DECEL. button repeatedly. Each time
you do this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Ending Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
There are two ways to end cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal.
D Press the OFF button at the end of the cruise lever.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased when you
turn off the cruise control or the ignition.
2-44
Exterior Lamps
Parking lamps, front and rear sidemarker
lamps, taillamps, license plate lamps, ashtray lamps,
backlighting to the radio controls and instrument
panel lights.
Headlamps.
Fog lamps.
Twilight Sentinel.
Turns the Twilight Sentinel system off.
Instrument panel brightness control.
These controls on the left side of the instrument panel
operate the following lamp systems:
Lamp knob (operates all lamps except the Twilight
SentinelR, fog lamps and brightness control). Pull this
knob toward you to turn on the interior lamps and push
the knob back in to turn the lamps off.
Turn the lamp knob clockwise (to the first position) to
turn on the parking lamps, front and rear sidemarker
lamps, taillamps, license plate lamps, ashtray lamps,
instrument panel lights and backlighting to the center
console controls. Turn the lamp knob all the way
clockwise (to the second position) to turn on the
low-beam headlamps.
Turn the lamp knob counterclockwise to turn the
lamps off.
2-45
Headlamps
Turn the lamp knob all the way to the right to turn on
the low-beam headlamps.
To turn on the high-beam headlamps, the low-beam
headlamps must already be on. Push the turn signal lever
on the left side of the steering wheel away from you to
engage the high-beam headlamps. Pull the lever toward
you to return to the low-beam headlamps. For more
information, see “Headlamp High/Low Beam” in
the Index.
Turn the lamp knob all the way to the left to turn the
headlamps off.
If the headlamps are activated while driving and then
you turn your vehicle’s ignition off while the lamp knob
is still turned on, the headlamps will turn off. If,
however, you open the driver’s door while the lamp
knob is still turned on, a warning chime will sound
reminding you to turn the lamp knob to OFF. This will
stop the warning chime from sounding. (If you want the
headlamps to remain on, you must manually turn the
lamp knob off and then back on to the headlamp
position. The headlamps will stay on until manually
turned off again.)
2-46
Your vehicle may be equipped with High Intensity
Discharge (HID) headlamps. Your headlamps come
on at a lower intensity and gradually increase to
full brightness.
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
This feature activates the low-beam headlamps,
parking lamps, sidemarker lamps and taillamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
about 20 seconds.
The wiper-activated headlamps light the way in poor
weather and also make your vehicle more visible to
other drivers. If the wipers are on and the ignition switch
is turned off, the headlamps will immediately turn off.
The headlamps will also deactivate if the windshield
wipers have been turned off for about 20 seconds.
Perimeter Lighting
This feature turns on the low-beam headlamps, parking
lamps, sidemarker lamps and taillamps for about
20 seconds after the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed. Perimeter lighting
immediately ends when your vehicle’s ignition is turned
to ON or START.
Lamps On Reminder
You will hear a warning chime if you open the door
while leaving the lamps on, if the manual headlamp
knob is activated. An exception to this is when you’re
using the Twilight Sentinel.R
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully
functional daytime running lights are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make the high-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness when the following
conditions are met:
When DRL are on, only the high-beam headlamps (at
reduced brightness) will be on. No other exterior lamps
such as the parking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be on
when the DRL are being used. The instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
When the Twilight SentinelR is on and it’s dark enough
outside, the high-beam headlamps (at reduced intensity)
will change to low-beam headlamps. When it’s bright
enough outside, the regular lamps will go off, and
the high-beam headlamps change to the reduced
brightness of DRL.
To idle your vehicle with the headlamps off, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel using the thumbwheel located below
the headlamp knob, then shift the transmission into
PARK (P). Placing your vehicle in PARK (P) disables
the DRL. The DRL will stay off until you shift out
of PARK (P).
D Your vehicle’s ignition is in ON or START,
D the low-beam headlamps are off (the manual lamp
knob is in the off or park lamp position) and
D your vehicle’s transmission is shifted out
of PARK (P).
2-47
If you’re not in PARK (P)
and the Twilight Sentinel
system is turned off (and it’s
dark enough outside), the
DRL will remain active and
this light on the instrument
panel cluster will appear.
This is a reminder that headlamps are required.
The following conditions will override the DRL:
D The vehicle’s transmission is shifted back into
Fog Lamps
Use the fog lamps for better
vision in foggy or misty
conditions. Press this button
to turn the fog lamps on and
press the button again to
turn the lamps off. (The fog
lamps only work when the
parking lamps or the
low-beam headlamps are
on and the ignition is on.)
PARK (P) with the ignition in ON or START,
D the low-beam headlamps are turned on
(using the manual lamp knob),
D the wiper-activated headlamps are in use
(DRL will come back on 20 seconds after
wipers have turned off),
This light on the instrument
panel will come on
when the fog lamp button
is pressed.
D the flash-to-pass feature is in use, or
D the Twilight Sentinel is turned on.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
2-48
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps
will turn off. They’ll turn back on again when you
switch to low-beam headlamps.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps
or parking lamps are on and you signal a turn.
They provide more light for cornering.
Twilight SentinelR
This feature is located
below the lamp dial on the
left side of the instrument
panel. It automatically turns
the parking lamps and
low-beam headlamps on
and off by sensing how
dark it is outside.
To operate the Twilight Sentinel, the ignition must be in
ON or START and the Twilight Sentinel must be turned
on by pressing the OFF button (the indicator light in the
button will be off when the Twilight Sentinel is
activated). If the system senses it is dark enough outside,
the lamps will turn on. The lamps turn off when the
system detects that it is bright enough outside.
If you turn the knob all the way up, the lamps will
remain on for about three minutes after the ignition has
been turned to OFF or LOCK. If you turn the knob
all the way down, the lamps will go off quickly.
You can adjust the delay time from a few seconds
up to three minutes.
To turn the Twilight Sentinel off, press the OFF button
again. The indicator light in the button will be on. This
lets the driver know that the system has been turned off.
The Twilight Sentinel also turns off if the ignition is
turned to OFF or to LOCK.
This light in the instrument
panel cluster will come on if
the ignition is on and:
D the headlamps have not been manually turned on,
D the Twilight Sentinel senses it is dark
enough outside,
D the Twilight Sentinel is OFF and
D the transmission is not in PARK (P).
2-49
Light Sensor
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
The light sensor for the
Twilight Sentinel is located
in the center of the front
defogger grille.
This control is located to the right of the fog lamp
button. As you turn the thumbwheel up, the instrument
panel lights will brighten.
Illuminated Entry
This system turns on the courtesy lamps (dome lamps
and door entry lamps) for about 20 seconds when any of
the following occur:
D if you manually unlock your vehicle with the key,
D if any door is opened,
D if you press the unlock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter, or
If you cover the sensor, it will read “dark” and the
parking lamps and low-beam headlamps will come on.
D if the last door on your vehicle is closed.
Interior Lamps
Illuminated entry immediately ends when your vehicle’s
ignition is turned to ON or START.
Courtesy Lamps
To turn on the courtesy lamps, pull the exterior lamp
knob toward you. To turn the courtesy lamps off,
push the knob back in.
2-50
Rear Reading Lamps
The rear reading lamps are located above each rear door.
These lamps and the interior courtesy lamps come on
when any door is opened and it is dark enough outside.
Map Lamps
These lamps are located in the front overhead console
(near the windshield). Press either button to turn the
driver’s or passenger’s side lamp on and press the button
again to turn the lamp off.
These lamps also come on when any door is opened or
unlocked when it is dark outside.
Placing the button in the center position enables the
lamps to come on when any door is opened. Pressing the
button toward the rear of your vehicle disables the lamps
when any door is opened. With the button set toward the
front of the vehicle, the lamps will always be on.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
2-51
Mirrors
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
This mirror automatically changes to reduce glare from
the headlamps behind you. A photocell on the back of
the mirror senses when it is becoming dark outside.
Another photocell built into the mirror surface senses
when headlamps are behind you.
At night, when the glare is too high, the mirror will
gradually darken to reduce glare (this change may take
a few seconds). The mirror will return to its clear
daytime state when the glare is reduced.
Cleaning Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the front
and rear photocells that make the auto-dimming
feature work.
Time Delay
This feature prevents rapid changing of the mirror from
the night mode to the day mode as you drive under
lights and through traffic.
2-52
Power Remote Control Mirror
Move the rocker switch to
the left to choose the
driver’s side mirror or
move the switch to the
right to select the
passenger’s side mirror.
Heated Rearview Mirrors
The manual folding outside rearview mirrors are heated.
To heat the mirrors, press the rear window defogger
button. See ”Rear Window Defogger” in the Index.
Manual Folding Outside Rearview Mirrors
The driver’s and passenger’s outside mirrors move
forward and rearward (“break-away”) to help prevent
injury and/or damage to your vehicle.
Convex Outside Mirror
To adjust the mirror, push the four-way control pad in
the direction you want the mirror to go. Adjust each
mirror so you can see the side of your vehicle and the
area behind your vehicle.
Your vehicle’s ignition must be in ON (II) for this
feature to work.
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from
the driver’s seat.
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
2-53
Storage Compartments
Center Console Storage Area
Glove Box
The front storage area comes with a small storage bin
and a cupholder that pulls out for use. To open the lid of
the storage bin, press and hold the button at the front
edge of the storage lid and lift up the lid.
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat.
To lock the glove box door, insert the key in the lock
cylinder and turn it counterclockwise. Turn the key
clockwise to unlock the door.
The glove box is air conditioned. This helps to keep
snack items cool while traveling. In order for cool air to
enter the glove box, the air conditioning must be turned
on. Use the slide lever inside and at the rear of the glove
box to turn the air flow on and off. Moving the lever
over the small hole turns the cool air off and moving the
lever away from the hole turns the cool air on.
Rear Seat Cupholder
There is a cupholder for rear seat passengers located in
the rear seat center armrest. To access the cupholder,
fold the armrest down.
Convenience Net
Map Pockets
The convenience net is on the floor of the trunk. Put
small loads, like grocery bags, under the net. It can help
keep them from moving around during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The map/storage pockets are located on each door as
well as on the passenger’s and driver’s front seatbacks.
Also located on the driver’s door map pocket is a
coin holder.
The net is not meant for larger, heavier loads. Store
those in the trunk as far forward as you can. When not
using the net, hook it to the metal loops, securing it to
the floor.
2-54
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
The front ashtray is located below the radio. Press on the
cover and release to access it. To clean the ashtray, press
the black tab to the right of the tray to release it. Now
pull up on the tray to remove and clean it.
To replace the tray after cleaning, follow these steps.
1. Hold the cover (flap) on top of the tray down so it is
not in the way.
2. Insert the tray downward and forward into the
ashtray holder.
3. Press down on the tray to snap it into place.
To use the rear ashtray, lift the lid.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable items
into the ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing a
damaging fire.
The cigarette lighter is located next to the ashtray.
Press it all the way in and release it. It will pop back
out by itself when it’s ready to light. You also have a
lighter on the back of the center console near the rear
seat air outlet.
These lighters (receptacles) work at all times, even when
your vehicle’s ignition has been turned off.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror
Turn the sunshade down and lift the cover to see the
mirror. When the visor is opened, the lights will turn on.
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Rear Power Sunshade (Option)
Accessory Power Outlet
The power rear sunshade helps reduce the amount of
heat and light from the sun entering through the rear
window. The sunshade increases the comfort level of the
rear seat passengers as well as keeping your vehicle a
little cooler when it’s parked in a sunny area.
The accessory power outlet is located on the center
console. Open the cover to use the power outlet.
When not in use, replace the cover.
This button is located on the
instrument panel, near the
radio. To use, press the
button. The button returns
to its original position when
released. The rear sunshade
automatically raises. To
lower the sunshade, press
the button again.
The outlet can be used to plug in electrical equipment
such as a cellular telephone, CB radio, etc. Follow the
proper installation instructions that are included with
any electrical equipment you install.
Certain power accessory plugs may not be compatible to
the power accessory outlet and could result in blown
vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem see
your dealer for additional information on the power
accessory plugs.
NOTICE:
Be sure to turn off any electrical equipment when
not in use. Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods can drain your battery.
2-56
Cellular Telephone (Option)
Your vehicle has been prewired for dealer installation of
a dual-mode (analog/digital) cellular portable telephone.
Voice activation and hands-free operation are standard
features. For more information, contact your dealer.
A user’s guide is provided with the telephone.
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that
offers a variety of services and provides a hands-free
communication link between you and the OnStar Center.
A service subscription agreement and fee are required in
order to receive OnStar service. Services are available
24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For more information,
call 1-888-ONSTAR-7 (1-888-667-8277).
OnStar Services Button: Press this button once to
contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Call Answer/End button to cancel the
automatic redial.
Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Call ANSWER/END Button: Use this button to
answer a call. (If you are receiving a call, the audio
system will mute, and the ring will be heard). Press this
button at the end of a call to disconnect and return the
audio system to its previous settings. This button will
also cancel a call if one of the buttons is accidentally
pressed or if the automatic redial function is activated.
Volume Control: You can control the volume of the
OnStar System using the steering wheel volume control.
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Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming
or outgoing call is in progress. Press the Call
ANSWER/END button if you notice the light blinking
and you are not on a call.
The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar button to
attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection is made,
the advisor will assist you with steps to take to make
sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
Safety and Security Services
D Automatic Notification of Air Bag
Deployment -- If an air bag deploys, a priority
emergency signal is automatically sent to the center.
An advisor will locate your vehicle’s position, try to
contact you and assist you in the situation. If the
center is unable to contact you, an emergency service
provide will be contacted.
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D Stolen Vehicle Tracking -- Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your
vehicle stolen. The system can then locate and track
your vehicle and the advisor will be able to notify
the proper authorities.
D Roadside Assistance with Location -- For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar button. An advisor
will contact the appropriate help.
D Remote Diagnostics -- If an instrument panel light
comes on, the center can perform a check of the
engine on-board computer. An advisor can then
recommend what action needs to be taken.
D OnStar MED-NET -- Med-Net can store your
personal medical history and provide it to emergency
personnel if necessary. (Requires activation and
additional fee.)
D Accident Assist -- An advisor can provide
step-by-step guidance following an accident.
D Remote Door Unlock -- To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to unlock itself.
The advisor can delay unlocking your vehicle.
Remote Door Unlock is disabled 48 hours after the
vehicle is parked to maintain the battery charge.
D Vehicle Locator Service -- To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to sound the horn
and/or flash the lamps.
In order to provide you with excellent service, calls with
the OnStar Center may be monitored or recorded.
Premium Services
(Includes Safety and Security Services)
D Route Support -- An advisor can provide directions
or guidance to anywhere you want to go. In addition,
they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas,
ATMs, hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
OnStar System Limitations
Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber
Services Agreement.
OnStar Service is:
D available in the 48 contiguous United States, Alaska,
Hawaii and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain;
D subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
D Concierge Services -- The concierge advisor can
Global positioning capabilities used to deliver
OnStar service will not be available if satellite signals
are obstructed.
D Ride Assist -- An advisor can locate transportation
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative
if the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
obtain tickets, reservations, or help with vacation/trip
planning and other unique items and services.
in the event that you are unable to drive.
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Safety and security services are provided by existing
governmental emergency service providers. OnStar will
use reasonable efforts to contact the appropriate
emergency service provider and request assistance but
cannot promise that they will respond to the call in a
timely manner or at all.
Assist Handles
A handle above each door can be used to assist you
when getting out of your vehicle.
Sunroof (Option)
The express-open sunroof
can increase ventilation;
it includes a sliding glass
panel and a sliding
sunshade. Power is supplied
to the sunroof when
the ignition key is turned
to ON.
Garment Hooks
For convenience, you will find garment hooks attached
to each assist handle.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean by vacuuming and
using a spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not machine wash.
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When you stop your vehicle and turn the ignition key to
LOCK, you can still use the sunroof. The electrical
power to operate the sunroof will not shut off until a
door is opened -- there is no time limit on this feature.
As soon as a door is opened, sunroof movement will
stop immediately. See “Retained Accessory Power” in
the Index.
Turning the knob to position A fully opens the glass
panel and sunshade. The sunshade can also be opened
by hand. If you want to stop the roof in a partially
opened position, turn the knob to any position between
A and E. The positions range from about 25 percent
open to approximately 80 percent open. Turn the knob
to position E to fully close the glass panel. To close the
sunshade, pull it forward manually.
To raise the glass panel, turn the knob counterclockwise
to one of the three tilt positions. The positions range
from about 40 percent tilted (F) to fully tilted (G). To
close the vent, turn the knob clockwise to position E.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Fully Open
About 80% Open
About 50% Open
About 25% Open
E. Fully Closed
F. About 40% Tilted
G. Fully Tilted
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Anti-Pinch Feature
Manual Operation
If a hand, an arm or another object is in the way of the
power sunroof closing, the glass panel will stop at the
obstruction and open it to a preset factory position.
CAUTION:
Pressing and holding the power sunroof control
in the up position will turn off the anti-pinch
feature. If this happens, the sunroof won’t stop if
something gets in the way. You or others could be
injured, and your sunroof could be damaged. Be
careful not to press and hold the power sunroof
control dial in the up position.
If a failure in the power supply system occurs, the
sunroof can be manually closed by inserting a
screwdriver into the slot as shown. Turning the
screwdriver counterclockwise will close the sunroof.
The screwdriver is provided in the tool kit in the
trunk (with the jack).
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Programming the Sunroof
If the battery on your vehicle has been recharged,
disconnected or is not working, you will need to
reprogram the sunroof following these steps. Refer to
the illustration under “Sunroof” for knob positions.
With your vehicle’s ignition on:
1. If the sunroof is closed, turn the knob to
position “E.” Hold the knob in position for
about five seconds.
If the sunroof is open, turn the knob to E and
hold until the glass panel has closed. Now
continue holding the knob for approximately
five more seconds.
2. Turn the knob to position “G” and hold until the
sunroof is fully tilted (about three seconds after the
motor has stopped).
3. Now turn the knob to position E and keep holding
until the sunroof is fully closed (about three seconds
after the motor has stopped).
4. Turn the knob to position“A” and hold until the
sunroof is fully open (about three seconds after the
motor has stopped).
5. Turn the knob to position E and keep holding
the knob until the sunroof has fully closed
(about three seconds after the motor has stopped).
The sunroof is now programmed.
If the sunroof keeps opening after you attempt to close
it once it has been programmed, you will need to repeat
Steps 2 through 5 (up to three times if needed).
If you are still having problems, consult your dealer
for service.
Also keep in mind that if something is in the way of the
sunroof closing during programming and you continue
to program the sunroof, the sunroof will only open or
close to the spot where the obstruction occurred. You
will need to reprogram the sunroof again, making sure
that the object has been removed.
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HomeLinkR Transmitter
(If Equipped)
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink Transmitter
This transmitter allows you to consolidate the functions
of up to three individual hand-held transmitters.
It will operate garage doors and gates, or other devices
controlled by radio frequency such as home/office
lighting systems.
The HomeLink transmitter will learn and transmit the
frequencies of most current transmitters and is powered
by your vehicle’s battery and charging system.
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Do not use the HomeLink transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off but the
ignition must be ON (II) while programming the
transmitter. Follow these steps to program up to
three channels:
1. If you have previously programmed a transmitter
channel, proceed to Step 2. Otherwise, hold down
the two outside buttons on the HomeLink transmitter
until the indicator light begins to flash rapidly
(after 20 seconds). Then release the buttons.
This procedure initializes the memory and erases any
previous settings for all three channels.
2. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Hold the end of the hand-held transmitter
about 2 to 5 inches (5 to 13 cm) away from the
surface of the HomeLink transmitter so that you can
still see the indicator light.
3. Using both hands, press the hand-held transmitter
button and the desired button on the HomeLink
transmitter. Continue to press both buttons
through Step 4.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the indicator
light on the HomeLink transmitter flash slowly and
then rapidly. The rapid flashing indicates that the
HomeLink transmitter has been programmed.
Release both buttons once the indicator light starts
to flash rapidly.
Your Catera may be equipped with a metallic-coated,
heat reflective windshield to help keep your vehicle
cool. If you experience difficulty when using your
remote control transmitter be sure you have followed the
directions exactly, and that you are pointing the device
through the top center of the windshield in the black
dotted area. Any usage of devices other than in this area
may cause malfunctions to occur. Also, the HomeLink
transmitter may not work with older garage door
openers that do not meet current Federal Consumer
Safety Standards. If you cannot program the transmitter
after repeated attempts, refer to “Rolling Code
Programming” later in this section or contact the
HomeLink transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter
in case you need to erase and reprogram the
HomeLink transmitter.
Canadian Owners: During programming, the
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after one or two seconds. In this case, you
should press and re-press the button on the hand-held
transmitter every two seconds without ever releasing the
button on the HomeLink transmitter. Release both
buttons when the indicator light on the HomeLink
transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
2-65
Operating the HomeLink Transmitter
Press and release the appropriate button on the
HomeLink transmitter. The indicator light comes on
while the signal is being transmitted.
If the hand-held transmitter appears to program the
HomeLink transmitter but does not open your garage
door, and if the garage door opener was manufactured
after 1996, the garage door opener may have a “rolling
code” system. A rolling code system changes the code
of the garage door opener every time you open or close
the garage door.
To determine if you have this system, press the button
on the HomeLink transmitter that you have programmed
already. If the indicator light on the HomeLink
transmitter flashes rapidly for two seconds and then
turns solid, the garage door opener has a rolling code
system. In a rolling code system, the garage door motor
head unit must be trained to the HomeLink transmitter.
“Rolling Code” Programming (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to the HomeLink transmitter, see
“Programming the HomeLink transmitter” listed
previously. If you have completed this programming
already, you now need to train the garage door opener
motor head unit to recognize the HomeLink transmitter.
Refer to your garage door opener owner’s manual for
the proper transmitter training procedure for your garage
door opener brand.
1. Find the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit. The exact location and color of the
button may vary by garage door opener brand. If you
have difficulty finding the training button, refer to
your garage door opener owner’s manual.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful
to have another person assist in programming
the transmitter.
2. Press the training button on the garage door opener
motor head unit.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
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3. Return to the HomeLink transmitter in your vehicle
and firmly press and release the HomeLink
transmitter button you have already programmed for
two to three seconds. Press and release the button
again (you may need to do this step up to three
times) to make sure that the HomeLink transmitter
has been trained to the garage door opener motor
head unit. Check that the training was successful.
The garage door opener should now recognize the
HomeLink transmitter. You may either use the
HomeLink transmitter or the hand-held transmitter to
open the garage door.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (after 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLink transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please call 1-800-355-3515.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
HomeLink transmitter manufacturer at 1-800-355-3515.
2-67
The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
2-68
A. Air Outlets
J. Heated Front Seat Control (Option)
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
K. Hazard Warning Flasher Button
C. Instrument Panel Cluster
L. Fuel Door Release Button
D. Windshield Wiper/Washer Lever
M. Ashtray
E. Comfort Controls
N. Radio
F. Lamp Controls
O. Trunk Release Button
G. Horn
P. Rear Power Sunshade Button (Option)
H. Steering Wheel Touch Controls for Audio System
Q. Traction Control On/Off Button
I. Hood Release
R. Glove Box
2-69
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many of the other things you’ll need to know to drive safely and
economically. The main components of the instrument panel are:
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
The odometer shows how far your vehicle has been
driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or
kilometers (used in Canada).
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area or engine damage may occur.
Trip Odometer
Engine Speed Limiter
The trip odometer tells how far you have driven since
you last reset it. To set it to zero, press the knob located
below the speedometer on the instrument panel cluster.
This feature prevents the engine from operating at too
many revolutions per minute (rpm). When the engine’s
rpm are critically high, the fuel supply to the engine
is shut off. When the engine speed slows, the fuel
supply will come on again. This helps prevent damage
to the engine.
Tachometer
This gage indicates the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
2-71
Warning Lights, Gages
and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you
are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
2-72
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a tone will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt
is already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about four seconds,
then it will flash for
about 60 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the tone
nor the light will come on.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag
modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag”
in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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Charging System Indicator Light
When you turn the key
to START, this light will
come on briefly to show
that the generator and
battery charging systems
are working.
If this light stays on, you need service and you should
take your vehicle to the dealer at once. To save the
battery until you get there, turn off all accessories.
Voltmeter
You can read battery
voltage on the voltmeter. If
it reads less than 12 volts or
more than 16 volts while the
engine is running, and it
stays there, you may have a
problem with the electrical
charging system.
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Have it checked right away. Driving with the voltmeter
reading in the lower warning zone could drain or
damage the battery. Driving with the voltmeter reading
in the upper warning zone could cause bulbs to burn out
(especially headlamp bulbs), various vehicle modules to
shut down (due to overload protection) and the
possibility of a battery acid leak.
If you idle the engine for a while, the voltmeter reading
might move into the red zone. If the reading stays in the
red zone while you are driving, you may have a problem
with the electrical charging system. Have it checked.
While the voltmeter reads in the red zone, the battery
may not be able to power certain electrical accessories,
like ABS. (If this happens, the ABS light will come on.
See “Anti-Lock Brakes System Warning Light” in
this section.)
If you must drive a short distance with the voltmeter
reading in a warning zone, turn off all the accessories,
including the comfort controls and the audio system.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
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Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when your engine
is started and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
Traction Control System Warning Light
The warning light will flash
when the system senses a
traction change.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
If it stays on, or comes on and stays on steady when
you’re driving, there may be a problem with your
traction control system and your vehicle may need
service. When this warning light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
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The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light tells you that the
engine has overheated.
If this light comes on, you
should stop the vehicle and
turn the engine off as soon
as possible.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into
the red area, the engine is
too hot!
A warning chime should also sound if this light
comes on.
As a check, the light should come on for a few seconds
when you start the engine. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
This reading means the same thing as the warning
light -- the engine coolant has overheated. You should
stop the car and turn the engine off as soon as possible.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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Low Coolant Warning Light
This warning light should
come on for a few seconds
while you are starting the
engine. If the light doesn’t
come on, have it repaired.
Your vehicle is equipped with a low coolant level sensor
(switch and float) that is designed to detect when your
vehicle’s coolant level drops below the set limit. If the
low coolant level sensor (under the coolant surge tank)
detects that the level drops while the engine is running,
the low coolant indicator will light and remain lit until
the ignition switch is turned off. Check the coolant level
and add coolant as needed. The light should turn off as
soon as the coolant level is at its proper operating range.
2-78
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transmission,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the CHECK ENGINE light to
come on. Modifications to these systems could
lead to costly repairs not covered by your
warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
2-79
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
2-80
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine
may not run as efficiently as designed since small
amounts of air are sucked into the fuel line causing a
misfire. The system can detect this. Adding fuel should
correct this condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap
properly. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index.
It will take a few driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See “Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration
or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go
away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected
by the system and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
Oil Pressure Light/Gage
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
The light and gage tell you if there could be a problem
with the engine oil pressure.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
CHECK ENGINE light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would
be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
United States
Canada
The gage shows the engine oil pressure in pounds
per square inch (psi). Canadian vehicles show
pressure in kilopascals (kPa).
2-81
The oil light goes on when
you turn the key to ON or
START. It goes off once
you start the engine.
That’s a check to be sure
the light works.
If it doesn’t come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will
be there to warn you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means that
oil isn’t flowing through the engine properly. You could
be low on oil and you might have some other
system problem.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
Check Oil Light
This light will come on for
a few seconds when the
ignition is turned on. If the
light doesn’t come on, have
it repaired.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
2-82
If the light comes on while starting and stays on for
about one minute or comes on while driving, the engine
oil level should be checked. Prior to checking the oil
level, be sure your vehicle has been shut off for several
minutes and is on a level surface. Check the oil level
and bring it to the proper level. See “Engine Oil” in
the Index.
Brake To Shift Light
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light
This light will come on to
remind you that you must
press the brake pedal to
shift out of PARK (P).
Cruise Control Light
This light will come on
when you turn on the
ignition and the windshield
washer fluid container is
less than one-third full.
Trunk Ajar Light
This light comes on
whenever you set your
vehicle’s cruise control.
This light will come on if
your vehicle’s trunk is not
completely closed.
2-83
Fuel Gage
Low Fuel Light
If the fuel level is low,
approximately one (3.8L) to
two gallons (7.57 L) of fuel
remaining in the fuel tank, a
light will come on until you
add fuel.
The light may begin to flash
as the fuel level gets lower.
United States
Canada
The fuel gage shows approximately how much fuel is in
the tank. It works only when the ignition is in ON.
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All of these situations are normal and do
not indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
D At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before the
It will also come on for a few seconds when you first
turn on the ignition as a check to show it’s working.
If it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed.
Fuel Cap Indicator Light
This light will come on
if the fuel cap has not
been fully tightened, is
missing or has been
improperly installed.
gage reads full.
D The gage may change when you turn, stop or
speed up.
2-84
You should recheck your fuel cap to make sure it is
on tight.
If you continue to drive with a loose fuel cap, the
diagnostic system in your vehicle can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. A
loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate
into the atmosphere. If this happens, the CHECK
ENGINE light may come on. For more information, see
“Malfunction Indicator Lamp” earlier in this section.
Automatic Transmission Warning Light
(If Equipped)
This light comes on briefly
when the ignition is turned
on. If the light remains on
or lights up while driving,
there may be a fault in the
automatic transmission.
Have your vehicle serviced.
Do not drive your vehicle when this light is on.
The rear of your vehicle is too low and part of the
body or the rear axle may be damaged when driving
over bumpy roads. When the light goes out, leveling
is complete. This procedure is automatic -- you don’t
have to do anything.
If the light comes on flashing, there may be a problem
with the leveling system. You should reduce your
vehicle speed and have your vehicle serviced soon.
Brake Pad Wear Indicator Light
This light comes on when
the brake pads on your
vehicle have significantly
worn. The pads will have to
be replaced, so have your
vehicle serviced soon.
Leveling Indicator Light
This light comes on steady
when the rear load level in
your vehicle changes.
2-85
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-6
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-8
3-8
3-9
3-13
Comfort Controls
Electronic Climate Control (ECC)
Automatic Operation
Manual Operation
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) (If Equipped)
3-21
3-22
3-22
3-26
3-27
3-27
3-28
3-29
3-30
3-30
3-31
Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program
Type (PTY) Selections
CD Adapter Kits
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Heated Backlite Antenna
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
This section tells you how to make your air system work
for you.
The driver’s side TEMP/AUTO knob adjusts the air
temperature coming through the system. Turn the
TEMP/AUTO knob clockwise to increase the
temperature and counterclockwise to decrease the
temperature. Pressing this knob puts the climate control
system in an automatic mode. For more information,
see “Automatic Operation” later in this section.
You can control the heating, cooling and ventilation
systems in your vehicle. Guidelines for using these
systems are found later in this section.
Electronic Climate Control (ECC)
Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob
The right front passenger can control the temperature
of heated air for his/her own zone, independent from
the driver’s temperature setting. The passenger’s
temperature can be set anywhere between 60_F (16_C)
and 90_F (32_C).
Fan Button
The button with the fan symbol adjusts the fan speed.
Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and the down
arrow to decrease fan speed.
3-2
To turn the system on, press the passenger’s side
TEMP/OFF knob. Turn the knob clockwise to increase
temperature and counterclockwise to decrease. Pressing
the knob again turns off the dual-zone function and
returns the system to the one-zone function, where the
driver controls the temperature.
Outside Temperature Display
Automatic Operation
The outside temperature is always displayed when your
vehicle’s ignition is on. If the outside temperature
display begins to flash, this means that icy road
conditions are possible. Adjust your driving if needed.
The display will flash for about 30 seconds and then
remain on steady.
Pressing the driver’s side TEMP/AUTO knob sets the
system for automatic operation. Once the system is set,
sensors will control the air delivery mode. Air will come
from the floor, middle, side or windshield outlets. The
fan speed will vary as the system maintains the selected
temperature setting. (All previous manually set mode
settings will change back to a fully automatic mode
when the climate control system is turned on this way.)
Mode Button
Press this button to deliver air through the floor, middle
or windshield outlets. The climate control system will
stay in the selected ECC mode until the MODE button is
pressed again or until the TEMP/AUTO knob is pressed.
Press the up or down arrow to see the available modes.
English/Metric Display
You can change the temperature display from English
(degrees Fahrenheit) to metric (degrees Celsius) by
pressing and holding the driver’s side TEMP/AUTO
knob for approximately five seconds. Repeat the process
to change back to English from metric.
Be careful not to put anything over the solar sensor
located in the middle of the instrument panel near the
windshield. This sensor is used by the automatic system
to regulate temperature.
To find your comfort zone, start with the 75_F (24_C)
setting and allow about 20 minutes for the system to
regulate air temperature. Adjust the temperature if
necessary. If you choose 60_F (16_C), the system will
remain at that maximum cooling setting and will not
regulate fan speed. If you choose the temperature of
90_F (32_C), the system will remain at that maximum
heating setting and will not regulate fan speed. Choosing
either maximum setting will not cause the system to heat
or cool any faster.
3-3
In cold weather, when the system senses the need for
heat, airflow will be directed out of the floor outlets. As
the interior temperature approaches a desired setting, the
fan speed will decrease. To maintain interior comfort,
the airflow may move to the instrument panel air outlets
and floor outlets (bi-level mode). On bright sunny days
in cold weather, the airflow may come out of the air
conditioning outlets (AC mode) to maintain comfort and
prevent stuffiness.
If you leave your vehicle, the system will remember the
control setting the next time you start your engine,
except for recirculation and rear defrost (heated
backlite). Each ignition cycle cancels recirculation.
If your vehicle is sitting out on a hot day and you have
the climate control system set for automatic operation,
the air will first flow out of the floor air outlets during
cool down. That is normal. This is to remove hot air
from the air outlets. As the air is cooled, the airflow will
move through the air conditioning outlets.
HEATER/DEFROST: This setting directs air to
the floor outlets and toward the windshield.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system
will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available.
The length of delay depends on the outside air
temperature, engine coolant temperature or the time
since the engine was last started. As the coolant
warms up, the fan speed will gradually increase and
air will flow from the heater outlets, with some airflow
to the windshield to prevent fogging under most
normal conditions.
3-4
Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
AC: This setting directs airflow through the middle
instrument panel outlets.
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs air into your
vehicle in two ways. Cool air is directed to the upper
portion of your body through the middle instrument
panel outlets while warm air is directed to the floor.
HEATER: This setting directs warm air through
the floor outlets. Some warm air is sent to the
windshield to minimize fogging.
DEFROST: This setting sends most of the airflow
to the windshield with only a small amount to the
floor outlets. Press this button to quickly remove fog or
frost from the windshield (the fan works in high-speed).
FAN SPEEDS: Press the driver’s side
TEMP/AUTO knob to set the fan speed for AUTO.
In this setting, the fan speed is automatically controlled.
If it is cold outside, the fan may not run in the maximum
high fan speed right away. The system checks the
temperature of the engine coolant to assure it is warm
enough to provide heat. When the engine coolant is
warm, the controller allows the fan to gradually increase
to a higher speed. This prevents cold air from blowing
into the passenger compartment. If you want the fan at a
high speed, press the up arrow button until you reach the
highest position of the display. If you want the fan at a
low speed, press the down arrow button until the lowest
position is displayed.
ON/OFF: Press this button to turn the system on or off.
Turning the climate control system on in this way will
recall all previous manually set mode settings.
If the system is turned on by pushing the driver’s
TEMP/AUTO knob for automatic operation, all of the
previous manually set mode settings will be changed
back to the fully automatic mode.
AC: Press this button to turn the air conditioning on and
off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air inside
the vehicle. In the automatic operation mode, the display
will show AC OFF when the air conditioning has been
turned off.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button to limit
the amount of outside air entering your vehicle.
This is helpful to limit odors entering your vehicle.
In the automatic operation mode, the system will
use recirculation as necessary to cool the air.
Pressing the recirculation button will change the
operation to a manual mode and the air will recirculate
non-stop. Press this button again to turn off the
recirculation feature.
If you notice the windows fogging, press the
recirculation button to exit the recirculation mode.
3-5
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
The climate control system will cool and dehumidify the
air inside the vehicle. While in the automatic operation
mode, the system will use recirculation as necessary to
cool the air. You may also need to adjust the interior
temperature. Turn either the TEMP/AUTO or
TEMP/OFF knob clockwise to increase the temperature
or counterclockwise to decrease temperature. Adjust the
fan speed as needed.
In order to obtain the maximum cool setting, both the
driver’s TEMP/AUTO knob and the passenger’s
TEMP/OFF knob must be turned to 60_F (16_C).
Heating
Adjust the interior temperature to your comfort level by
turning the TEMP/AUTO knob or the TEMP/OFF knob
clockwise to increase the temperature or
counterclockwise to decrease the temperature. If the fan
speed needs adjusting, press the up or down arrow.
3-6
Outside air will be brought in and sent through the floor
outlets. The heater works best if you keep the windows
closed while using it.
In order to obtain the maximum heat setting, both the
driver’s TEMP/AUTO knob and the passenger’s
TEMP/OFF knob must be turned to 90_F (32_C).
Defrosting
Use defrost to remove fog or ice from the windshield
quickly in extremely humid or cold conditions.
Pressing the defrost button on the control panel (located
above the rear window defogger button) automatically
turns the fan to high speed. Make sure that the side air
vents are opened. Turn both the TEMP/AUTO knob and
the TEMP/OFF knob clockwise as needed to adjust the
temperature. To warm the foot area while in defrost,
press the MODE button until the heater/defrost symbol
appears (see “Manual Operation” earlier in this section).
Recirculation is not available in the defrost mode.
Rear Window Defogger
The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. With your vehicle’s
engine running, press
this button to turn on the
rear defogger.
Ventilation System
The ventilation system supplies outside air into the
vehicle when it is moving. Outside air will also enter
the vehicle when the heater or the air conditioning fan
is running.
The rear window defogger heats the rear window and
both outside rearview mirrors. The system will
automatically shut off after about 15 minutes.
If further defogging is desired, press the button again.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or
decals across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid. The repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
The front outlets are located in the center and at each
side of the instrument panel. You can adjust the
direction of airflow by moving the center control levers
or you can stop the airflow by moving the dial located
on each side of the outlets to the “O” position.
3-7
The direction of airflow for the rear seats can also be
adjusted. Move the center control dial between each
vent up or down to adjust the airflow from low to high.
Turn the dial to the “O” position to stop airflow.
Move the lever in the center of each vent to direct
airflow toward the upper or floor outlets.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
The airflow temperature from the rear outlets is the
same as the driver’s temperature setting.
This ventilation system includes a charcoal air filter that
helps to remove dust, pollen, etc. from air flowing into
your vehicle. A restriction in the airflow coming into the
passenger compartment could be the result of dirt in the
filter. For more information, see “Passenger Compartment
Air Filter” in the Index. Also see the Maintenance
Schedule booklet for when to change the filter.
Ventilation Tips
Audio Systems
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of the windows.
D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, adjust the
fan to the highest speed for a few moments before
driving off. This helps clear the intake outlets of
snow and moisture, and reduces the chance of
fogging the inside of the windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear
of objects. This helps circulate air throughout
your vehicle.
3-8
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HR or MN until the time display begins
to change. Release the button as you get close to the
correct time. The time may be set anytime the clock is
displayed. There is a two-second delay before the clock
goes into time-set mode.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
HR or MN: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing this button.
DSPL: Press this button to display the radio station
being played.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
Playing the Radio
SEEK-TUNE: Press and release this button to seek to the
next higher or lower radio station. Pressing and holding
this button until a chime sounds puts the radio in a tune
mode. In this mode, higher or lower radio stations are
advanced to in small increments until the SEEK-TUNE
button is released. Tuning stops when you release this
button. If you press and hold the SEEK-TUNE button
again within five seconds of being in the tune mode,
tuning will continue. Waiting longer than five seconds
places the radio back in the seek mode.
PWR/VOL: Press this knob lightly to turn the system
on. Press the knob again to turn the system off. To
increase volume, turn the knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume. The volume level
will appear on the display.
SCAN: Press this button and SCAN will appear on
the display. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a few
seconds. The radio will go to a station, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next station. Press this button
again to stop scanning.
3-9
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons
for more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered button for less
than two seconds, the station you set will return.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Adjusting the Speakers
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right speakers and
counterclockwise for the left speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold SCAN for two to
three seconds until PRESET SCAN appears on the display
to listen to each of your preset stations for a few seconds
(factory presets which have not been reprogrammed with
your stations will be ignored). The radio will go to the first
preset station stored on your pushbuttons, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press SCAN
again to stop scanning. If a preset station has weak
reception, the radio will not stop at the preset station.
3-10
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side
of your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays
the other side of your cassette tape. If you want to insert
a cassette tape when the ignition is off, first press the
eject button.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show TAPE with an arrow to
indicate which side of the tape is playing. PLAY will
appear on the display temporarily when a tape is playing.
The display will then revert back to showing the time.
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
REV: Press the left arrow to rewind the tape rapidly.
The radio will play while the tape reverses and REV
will appear on the display. You may use your station
pushbuttons to tune to another radio station while in
REV mode. Press the left arrow again to return to
playing speed.
FF: Press the right arrow to fast forward to another
part of the tape. The radio will play while the tape
advances and FF will appear on the display. You may
use your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio
station while in FF mode. Press the right arrow again to
return to playing speed.
SEEK-TUNE: Press the right arrow to seek to the next
selection on the tape. Press the left arrow to search for
the previous selection on the tape (REP will appear on
the display). Your tape must have at least three seconds
of silence between each selection for SEEK-TUNE to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button. SCAN FF will appear on the
display until the next selection is found and then SCAN
PLAY will appear on the display. Use SCAN to listen to
selections for a few seconds. The tape will go to a
selection, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
selection. Press this button again to stop scanning.
3-11
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing. (PLAY shows on the display.)
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. If no
cassette tape is in the tape player, CASS appears on the
display and then the radio station appears briefly.
The display then reverts back to showing the time of
day. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to remove
a tape. The radio will play. Eject may be activated with the
radio off. Cassette tapes may be loaded with the radio off
but they will not start playing until the PWR button is
pressed. Press PWR or turn the ignition off to stop the
cassette tape player. The tape will stay in the player and
resume play at the point where it stopped.
3-12
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you
clean the player, press and hold the eject button for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes. Dolby Noise Reduction is
manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) (If Equipped)
HR or MN: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing this button.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. Sources
include cassette and compact disc. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1,
FM2 or weather.
Playing the Radio
PWR/VOL: Press this knob lightly to turn the
system on. Press the knob again to turn the system off.
To increase volume, turn the knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TUNE SEEK: When this button is pressed it has
two positions. Press this button to the first position to
manually tune to higher or lower stations. If this button
is held at the first position for a few seconds, the radio
will continue tuning until this button is released. Press
this button to the second position and release to seek to
the next higher or lower radio station.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds
to scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station,
stop for five seconds, then go on to the next station.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
3-13
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations and associated tone
and DSP settings. The RDS PTY mode must be off to
use this mode. You can set up to 24 stations (six AM,
six FM1, six FM2 and six weather). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2 or weather.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds. Whenever you press that
numbered button for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
PRESET SCAN: Press and hold SCAN for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep to listen to each of
your preset stations for five seconds. The radio will go
to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
stop for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset
station has weak reception, the radio will not stop at the
preset station.
3-14
Using RDS Mode
Your audio system is equipped with Radio Data Systems
(RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new features.
When RDS is on, the radio can:
D seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
D receive and display messages from radio stations and
D search for a stronger station when a station is too
weak for listening.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information.
RDS SELECT: Press this button to use the
alternate RDS functions (RDS, TA, MSG, PTY and
PTY ) located on the six numbered pushbuttons.
RDS SELECT: will appear on the display. The alternate
RDS functions are only available when you are using
the FM band of your radio.
t u
RDS (1): With RDS off, press the RDS SELECT button,
followed by this button to turn RDS on. The RDS
display will turn on. You must have RDS on to use the
new RDS functions. The RDS display will also turn on
if one of the other RDS function buttons has been
pressed on. If you are tuned to a station broadcasting
RDS information, the station’s call letters and Program
Type (PTY) will replace the station’s frequency on the
display. After five seconds, the program type will be
replaced on the display by the station’s program type
name. The program type and program type name may
be the same or different. Press BAND to recall the
frequency and program type displays. If the radio is
tuned to a station that is not broadcasting RDS
information, the station’s frequency will remain on the
display. While RDS is on, the radio will search for a
stronger station in the network when a station gets too
weak for listening. Press the RDS SELECT button,
followed by this button again to turn RDS off.
All RDS functions will be turned off.
REGION: You can also use the RDS button to access
the region function. When an RDS station becomes
weak, this function searches for a stronger station within
the same network. A network can span a great distance.
One network can have stations spread across a country
or continent. Each network breaks down into regions.
With regions, local news items like weather and traffic
are available to you. When the region function is on, the
radio only searches for stations in the same network and
region. You can only use the region function when
RDS is already on. Press the RDS SELECT button.
Then press and hold the RDS button for two seconds.
REGION: ON will appear on the display. While
REGION: ON appears on the display, press the RDS
button again to turn the region function off. REGION:
OFF will appear on the display. The region function can
be turned on again by pressing the RDS button.
TA (2): Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by
this button to receive traffic announcements. The radio
will turn on the TA display. TP will appear on the
display if the tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements. You may also receive traffic
announcements from stations in the network related to
the tuned station. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to a
station which does. When the radio finds a station which
broadcasts traffic announcements, it will stop. If no
station is found, NONE FOUND will appear on the
display and the TA icon will turn off. When SEEK or
SCAN is pressed with the traffic announcement function
on, the radio will only stop at stations which broadcast
traffic announcements.
3-15
While a traffic announcement plays, the radio uses a
special type of volume called TA volume. To increase
TA volume, turn the PWR/VOL knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TA VOLUME will appear on the display while the
volume is being adjusted.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the radio tunes to a related
network station for a traffic announcement, it will return
to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If the cassette tape or compact disc player was
being used, the tape or compact disc will stay in the
player and resume play at the point where it stopped.
Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by this button
again to turn TA off.
MSG (3): When RDS is on, if the current station has a
message, MSG will appear on the display. Press the
RDS SELECT button, followed by this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press this
button again.
3-16
A new group of words will appear on the display.
Once the complete message has been displayed, MSG
will disappear from the display until another new MSG
is received.
PTY (4): This button is used to turn on and off Program
Type (PTY) seeks and scans. Press the RDS SELECT
button, followed by this button. The PTY display will turn
on. RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will appear on the display
for three seconds. (The PTY shown will be the last PTY
selected.) Press the RDS SELECT button, followed by this
button again to turn the PTY display off.
tPTYu (5) (6): With RDS on, press the RDS SELECT
button, followed by t or u. The PTY display will turn
on, if it is not already on. RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will
appear on the display for three seconds. (The PTY shown
will be the last PTY selected.) While this message is
displayed, use and to move up and down the PTY
list. If you pause on a PTY for three seconds, PRESET
PTY: NEWS will appear on the display. While this
message is displayed, you can save the PTY in a preset by
pressing one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you
hear a beep. Allow three seconds for the message to
disappear if you do not want to save the PTY in a preset.
See “Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY)
Selections” in the Index.
t u
When the PTY display is on, press SEEK and SCAN to
find radio stations of the PTY you want to listen to. The
last PTY selected will be used for seek and scan modes.
If a station with the selected PTY is not found, NONE
FOUND will appear on the display. If both PTY and
TA are on, the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite Program Types (PTYs).
These buttons have factory PTY presets. See “Radio
Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY) Selections”
in the Index. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and
six FM2). Just:
1. Turn PTY on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in an RDS station with the PTY you desire.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered button for less
than two seconds, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your RDS presets because the
radio remembers them.
HR or MN: Press the RDS SELECT button, followed
by one of these buttons to display the time for the
current station. STATION TIME IS will be displayed.
If a time has not been sent to the radio, NO STATION
TIME will be displayed. If you have recently tuned to
the station, you may need to wait a minute before the
time is available to the radio. To set the clock to the
current displayed station time, press and hold HR or
MN until TIME UPDATED is displayed. There is a
two second delay before the time is updated. RDS mode
does not have to be on to use this function, but you must
be tuned to an FM RDS station.
ALERT: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. Alert announcements will come on
even if RDS mode is turned off. ALERT appears on the
display when an alert announcement plays. The radio
uses TA volume during these announcements. To
increase volume, turn the PWR/VOL knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TA VOLUME will appear on the display while the
volume is being adjusted. When an alert announcement
comes on the tuned radio station or a related network
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a
cassette tape or compact disc is playing.
3-17
If the radio tunes to a related network station for an alert
announcement, it will return to the original station when
the announcement is finished. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
Setting the Tone
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (BASS or TREBLE) is found. The radio
keeps separate tone settings for each band, preset
(except weather band presets) and source.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired tone control, press
the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered button for the desired preset for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep.
Adjusting the Speakers
SPEAKER: Press and release this button until the
desired BALANCE or FADE control is found.
LEVEL: After selecting the desired BALANCE or
FADE control, press the plus (+) or minus (-) symbol
on this button to select the desired level.
3-18
Playing a Cassette Tape
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off but they will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL
and SPEAKER controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be that:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing.
RW: Press the left arrow to rewind the tape rapidly.
The radio will play while the tape rewinds. You may use
your station pushbuttons to tune to another radio station
while in RW mode. Press the left arrow again to return
to playing speed.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the cassette tape player to remove a tape. The
radio will play. Eject may be activated with the radio off
and/or the ignition off.
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
FF: Press the right arrow to fast forward to another part
of the tape. The radio will play while the tape advances.
You may use your station pushbuttons to tune to another
radio station while in FF mode. Press the right arrow
again to return to playing speed.
TUNE SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it is
pressed to the first or second position. Press this button
to seek to the next or previous selection on the tape.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for TUNE SEEK to work.
The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The tape will go to a selection, stop for a few
seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold the eject button for three
seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE indicator. The radio
will display CLEAN TAPE MSG CLEARED to show
that the indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise. Dolby Noise Reduction is
manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust to
the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for CrO2
cassette tapes.
3-19
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined compact disc symbol appears on the
display, the disc will begin playing. Compact discs may
be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a disc
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the smaller
compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play. If the disc comes out, it could
be that:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
3-20
RW: Press and hold the left arrow to reverse the
compact disc. Release it to return to playing speed.
FF: Press and hold the right arrow to fast forward to
another part of the compact disc. Release it to return to
playing speed.
TUNE SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it
is pressed to the first or second position. Press this
button to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a selection, stop
for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. Press RDM again to turn
off random play.
EJECT: Press the upward triangle button to the
right of the compact disc player to remove a compact
disc. The radio will play. Eject may be activated with the
radio off and/or the ignition off.
Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY) Selections
PTY List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Description
Adlt Hit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adult Hits
Any . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Any
Classicl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical
Cls Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical Rock
College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . College
Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Country
Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information
Jazz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jazz
Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Language
News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . News
Nostalga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nostalgia
Oldies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oldies
PTY List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Description
Persnlty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personality
Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public
R & B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rhythm and Blues
Rel Musc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Music
Rel Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Talk
Rock M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rock Music
Soft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft
Soft Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft Rock
Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sports
Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Talk
Top 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Top 40
Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weather
Factory PTY Presets
Preset
Preset 1
Preset 2
Preset 3
Preset 4
Preset 5
Preset 6
FM1
Adult Hits
Classical
News
Public
Rock
Country
FM2
Jazz
Oldies
Religious Music
Soft Rock
R&B
Top 40
3-21
CD Adapter Kits
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
With the compact disc changer, you can play up to
12 discs continuously. Normal size discs may be played
using the trays supplied in the magazine. The smaller
discs (8 cm) can be played only with specially
designed trays.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ON (II).
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash three
times, indicating the feature is active.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot.
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
3-22
NOTICE:
Objects in the trunk which may shift or slide
during driving could damage your CD changer.
Protect your CD changer by using the
convenience net whenever possible. Place large
objects in the trunk appropriately so that they
will not come into contact with the CD changer.
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Each of the 12 trays holds one
disc. Press the button on the back of the magazine and
pull gently on one of the trays. Load the trays from
bottom to top, placing a disc on the tray label side down.
If you load a disc label side up, the disc will not play
and an error will occur. Gently push the tray back into
the magazine slot. Repeat this procedure for loading up
to 12 discs in the magazine.
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
3-23
Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a
CD begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front of
the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejecting the CD magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the left.
When the door is closed, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one and a half minutes, depending on the
number of discs loaded.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the
CD changer door all the way open. The magazine will
automatically eject. Remember to keep the door closed
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
3-24
PUSHBUTTONS: Press buttons one through six to
select compact discs one through six. Press and hold
one of the six pushbuttons until a beep sounds to select
compact discs 7 through 12. These pushbuttons
represent the order of the discs loaded in the changer.
DSPL: Press and hold this button to see the track
elapsed time. (This button is available on the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player only.)
REV/RW: Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
through a track selection.
FF: Press and hold this button to advance quickly
through a track selection.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player, use SEEK-TUNE. For all other
audio systems, use TUNE-SEEK.
SEEK-TUNE: Press the right arrow to seek to the next
selection. Press the left arrow to search for the previous
track selection. The sound will mute while seeking.
TUNE-SEEK: When this button is pressed, it has
two positions. This button works the same, whether it
is pressed to the first or second position. Press this
button to seek to the next or previous selection on the
compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button. You will hear the first few
seconds of the first track on each disc. Press this button
again to stop scanning. (This button is available on the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player only.)
TRACK SCAN: Press SCAN for less than two seconds.
You will hear the first few seconds of each track on a
disc. Press SCAN again to stop TRACK SCAN.
The CD will mute while scanning and SCAN will
appear on the display. (This function is not available on
the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player.)
DISC SCAN: Press SCAN for more than two seconds.
You will hear the first few seconds of the first track on
each disc. Press SCAN again to stop DISC SCAN.
The CD will mute while scanning and SCAN will
appear on the display. (This function is not available on
the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player.)
RDM: Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RANDOM will appear on
the display. Press TUNE-SEEK while RDM is on the
display to randomly seek through discs. Press RDM
again to turn off random play. (This button is not
available on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player.)
SIDE: Press this button to select the next disc in the
changer. If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player, CD and the disc
number will appear on the display each time you press
this button. If your vehicle is equipped with any other
audio system, DISC LOADING will appear on the
display and the disc number on the radio display will
go to that of the next available CD each time you press
this button.
3-25
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source. The
audio source must be loaded to play. If none of the audio
sources are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear
on the display. Press this button again or press BAND to
switch back to the radio. (CD will be displayed for a few
seconds instead on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player, then the radio will play.)
EJECT: Slide the CD changer door all the way open
and the disc holder will automatically eject.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for
the following:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label
side up.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
3-26
CD CHANGER DOOR OPEN is displayed when the
CD changer door is left open. (CHEK DOOR will be
displayed instead on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player.) Completely close the changer door to
restore normal operation.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built-in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic -- there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it
stored the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each
time the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to
trace the radio back to your vehicle.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
°(BAND): Press this button to change between AM,
FM1 or FM2 for the radio. This button also changes a
tape to the other side, restarts a CD if playing a single
CD or goes to the next available CD loaded in the
trunk-mounted CD changer.
+: Pressing this button increases volume.
-: Pressing this button decreases volume.
o (SOURCE): To change to a tape or CD, press
this button.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the following:
" : Press this button to move forward through preset
radio stations or to the next selection on a tape or CD.
A : Press this button to move rearward through
preset radio stations or to the previous selection on a
tape or CD.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
3-27
Weather Band (If Equipped)
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive one
or two channels.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
3-28
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
also interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN or
CLEAN TAPE to indicate that you have used your tape
player for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean
timer. If this message appears on the display, your
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a broken tape detection
feature and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken
tape. To prevent the cleaning cassette from being
ejected, use the following steps.
1. Turn the ignition to ON (II).
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash
three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
3-29
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the broken
tape detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player, press and hold the eject button for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator after you clean
the player. The radio will display --- to show the
indicator was reset.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape and Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS), press and hold the eject button for three
seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE indicator after you
clean the player. The radio will display CLEAN TAPE
MSG CLEARED to show the indicator was reset.
3-30
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Heated Backlite Antenna
Your AM-FM antenna is integrated with your rear
window defogger, located in the rear window. Be sure
that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception.
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that a
defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the
grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your vehicle,
and the antenna needs to be attached to the glass, be sure
that you do not damage the grid lines for the AM-FM
antenna. Be sure the antenna does not touch a grid line.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-31
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-10
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-16
4-18
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-23
4-24
4-25
4-29
4-30
4-32
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on the
floor -- makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull
off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here’s
what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each wheel.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses that one
or both of the rear wheels are spinning or beginning to
lose traction. When this happens, the system brakes the
spinning wheel and/or reduces engine power to limit
wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
This warning light will
come on to let you know if
there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light comes on and stays
on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
When the system is limiting wheel spin, the Traction
Control System warning light will be blinking.
4-9
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets
stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle is
required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.
To turn the system off,
press the TCS OFF button
located near the radio on
the center console.
4-10
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Speed Sensitive Steering (SSS)
This system varies the amount of steering effort in relation
to your vehicle speed. Steering is easier at a lower speed
for maneuvering and parking ease. As your vehicle speed
increases, the steering effort also increases. At highway
speeds, the amount of steering effort is increased to
provide manual-like steering for maximum control and
stability. If your vehicle seems harder to steer than normal
when parking or driving slow, something may be wrong
with the speed sensitive steering system. You will still
have power steering, however, steering will be stiffer than
normal at low speeds.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. Refer to “Traction Control
System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
4-11
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
4-13
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass.
4-14
When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle
to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your
right lane change signal and move back into the right
lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is
convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area
of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
If your traction control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
4-16
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even
several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark.
When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-18
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-19
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be
carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants could
drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs, and
otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See “Tires” in the Index.
4-20
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that
have not cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
4-21
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
4-22
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Catera dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with the
same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road,
the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind against
the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it happen
to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less
than a second, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
4-23
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
D
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let your engine
assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
4-24
CAUTION:
Winter Driving
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-25
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to
be very careful.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-26
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed,
blowing or loose snow -- drive with caution.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road.
Even though your vehicle has a traction control system,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. See “Traction Control System” in the
Index. Also, see “Third Gear Start” in the Index.
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-27
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-28
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
4-29
Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
options not installed at the factory.
4-30
The other label is the certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front
or rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in the trunk.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
D Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else -- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
4-31
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It’s automatic -- you don’t need to
adjust anything.
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-32
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transmission, rear axle, wheel assemblies and tires are
forced to work harder against the drag of the added
weight. The engine is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater loads, generating extra
heat. What’s more, the trailer adds considerably to wind
resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h), to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (454 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig.
For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-33
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
4-34
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index. Dirt
and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Because your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, don’t try to
tap into the hydraulic brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly.
4-35
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-36
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) or less to reduce the
possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
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Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply the regular brakes, but do not shift
into PARK (P).
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply the parking brake.
5. Release the regular brakes.
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When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Be sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule booklet for
more on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, axle lubricant, drive belt, cooling system and
brake system. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to
review this information before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-8
5-9
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-11
5-17
5-18
5-28
5-29
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
Pressing this button on the
center console makes the
front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off.
The indicator light on
the button also flashes.
Pressing the button again
turns the flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals won’t work since they are already flashing.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up
at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If the battery has run down, you may want to use another
vehicle and some jumper cables to start your vehicle.
Please perform the following steps to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear
or light yellow. Replace the battery when there
is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
5-3
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved.
Put an automatic transaxle in PARK (P) and a
manual transaxle in NEUTRAL before setting the
parking brake.
5-4
2. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed as well
as the radios. This will avoid sparks and help save
both batteries. In addition, it could save the radio!
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
CAUTION:
3. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. You’ll also
need to open the power distribution fuse block cover
to access the positive (+) terminal on the battery
(see arrow).
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight
if you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5-5
4. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could also be damaged.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal part on the engine of the vehicle
with the dead battery. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you will get a short that would
damage the battery and maybe other parts, too.
Also, don’t connect negative (-) to negative (-).
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5-6
5. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery.
6. Don’t let the other
end of the positive
cable touch metal.
Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal
of the good battery.
Now connect the
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end of the negative (-) cable
touch anything until the next step. The other end of
the negative (-) cable doesn’t go to the dead battery.
It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part on the engine
of the vehicle with the dead battery.
7. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from
the dead battery, but not near engine parts that move.
A good spot to attach the
negative (-) cable is on
the bracket between the
engine coolant surge tank
and the engine block.
8. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
9. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-7
10. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
heavy, unpainted metal engine part on the vehicle
that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from
the negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the
good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-8
When a power loss occurs, there are steps that
must be followed to calibrate the Electronic Throttle
Control (ETC). If these steps are not done, the
engine will not run properly. For information
regarding these steps, see “Battery” in the Index.
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find the warning light about a hot engine on the
instrument panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle
until the engine is cool.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty.
5-9
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
2. Dial temperature control to the highest heat setting
and open the windows, as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- DRIVE (D) or THIRD (3).
5-10
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Fans
5-11
The coolant level should be at or slightly above the
KALT/COLD line (seam).
You may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
5-12
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fans are
running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should
be running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the KALT/COLD line (seam), add a 50/50
mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOLR
coolant at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is
cool before you do it. See “Engine Coolant” in the Index
for more information.
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have to turn the pressure cap.
5-13
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
5-14
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So use the recommended coolant.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) until it first stops.
(Don’t press down while turning the pressure cap.)
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-15
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the KALT/COLD line (seam).
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the KALT/COLD line (seam).
5-16
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a
few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the pressure
cap is hand-tight.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like
a skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-17
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-18
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
Unbuckle the tire and lift it up to remove it from the trunk.
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk. On the
driver’s side of the trunk is the spare tire. Pull the
fasteners on the spare tire cover to access the tire.
5-19
The jack and tool kit
are located on the
passenger’s side of the
trunk. Pull the red handle
to remove the cover and
access the equipment.
Turn the nut holding the jack counterclockwise and
remove it.
5-20
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A), the wheel
wrench (B) and the screwdriver (C).
1. Use the flat end of the screwdriver to pry off the
five black plastic wheel bolt caps. Be careful not to
scratch the wheel edge.
5-21
2. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all of the wheel bolts.
Don’t remove them yet.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise to raise the jack lift
head 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.6 cm).
5-22
4. To access the jack hoisting notches, pull hard from
the back to remove the cover (located either in front
of or behind the tire you are changing).
5. Position the jack under the vehicle.
The base of the jack must line up vertically with the
hoisting notch (jack contact point) on the vehicle’s
frame, nearest the flat tire. Make sure that the base
is flat against the ground in order to have enough
clearance to turn the jack handle. Then, raise the jack
lift head until it is firmly set into the hoisting notch.
5-23
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack
lift head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
5-24
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground for the
spare tire to fit underneath the wheel well.
7. Remove all wheel bolts and take off the flat tire.
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on wheel bolts. If you do,
the bolts might come loose. Your wheel could fall
off, causing a serious accident.
9. Place the spare wheel on the wheel-mounting surface.
CAUTION:
10. Replace the wheel
bolts. Tighten each bolt
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel bolts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust
or dirt off.
5-25
Tighten the wheel bolts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
CAUTION:
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
After removing the jack, slide the jack hoisting
notch cover back in.
5-26
Incorrect wheel bolts or improperly tightened
wheel bolts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel bolts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel bolts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the bolts tightened with a torque wrench to
80 lb-ft (110 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel bolts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the
wheel bolts in the proper sequence and to the
proper torque specification.
After you’ve put the spare tire on your vehicle, you’ll
need to store the flat tire in the trunk. Use the following
procedure to secure the flat tire in the trunk.
1. Put the flat tire in
the trunk where
the spare is stored
(driver’s side
wheel well).
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
2. Secure the flat tire with the straps that are used to
hold the spare in place.
5-27
Spare Tire
Your vehicle is equipped with a 15” spare tire.
Although the spare tire was fully inflated when your
vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check the
inflation pressure regularly.
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. See “Inflation - Tire
Pressure” and “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Your spare tire is for temporary use and should be
replaced with a full-size tire as soon as you can.
The jacking tools are stored on the passenger’s side
of the trunk behind the panel with the red pull handle.
Make sure these tools are properly secured when not in use.
5-28
CAUTION:
If you have a spare tire that has “195/65R15”
on its side, your braking and handling can be
reduced if you drive more than 50 mph (80 km/h)
when this spare tire is mounted on your vehicle.
At higher speeds, you could lose control of your
vehicle, and you and others could be injured.
So, be sure not to drive more than 50 mph
(80 km/h) when you are using this spare tire.
Don’t use your spare tire on other vehicles. And don’t
mix your spare tire with other wheels or tires. Keep your
spare tire and its wheel together.
CAUTION:
Don’t use tire chains on your spare tire. Using
tire chains on your spare tire can reduce your
handling and braking capabilities. You or others
could be injured.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transmission or other parts of the
vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-29
NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transmission back
and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
5-30
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. See “Traction Control
System” in the Index. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-5
6-8
6-8
6-11
6-15
6-19
6-19
6-20
6-24
6-24
6-25
6-26
6-30
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transmission Fluid
Rear Axle
Engine Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
6-30
6-37
6-38
6-47
6-49
6-50
6-52
6-53
6-54
6-55
6-55
6-56
6-63
6-63
6-64
Bulb Replacement
Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels (If Equipped)
Underbody Maintenance
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Fuel
Use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or
higher for best performance. You may use middle grade
or regular unleaded gasolines, but your vehicle’s
acceleration may be slightly reduced.
It is recommended that the gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association (AAMA) and endorsed by
the Canadian Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association
for better vehicle performance and engine protection.
Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification could
provide improved driveability and emission control
system performance compared to other gasolines.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the fuel pump.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Canada Only
6-3
Be sure the posted octane for premium is at least 91
(at least 87 for regular). If the octane is less than 87,
you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive.
If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at the recommended octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service. But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging
noise when you’re accelerating or driving up a hill.
That’s normal, and you don’t have to buy a higher
octane fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant
knock that means you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards,
your vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index. If this occurs, return to
your authorized Catera dealer for diagnosis to determine
the cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the
cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
6-4
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask your service station operator whether or
not the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. If fuels containing
MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your
emission control system performance may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Catera dealer for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and
fuel system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have
to add anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines
containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
The cap is behind a hinged door on the passenger’s side
of your vehicle.
6-5
To open your fuel door,
your vehicle must be in
PARK (P). Press the
FUEL DOOR unlock
button located on the
instrument panel center
console to unlock and
open the fuel door.
You can also press the fuel button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter to access the fuel cap.
Your vehicle has a tethered fuel cap.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
6-6
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
The FUEL CAP light will come on if the fuel cap is not
properly reinstalled.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
Pull the lever inside the
vehicle to open the hood. It
is located on the lower left
side of the instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever which is located below
the front grille. Lift up on the release lever as you raise
the hood.
6-9
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, you’ll see:
A. Coolant Fill Location
D. Engine Oil Fill Location
G. Brake Master Cylinder
B. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
E. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
H. Power Steering Fluid
C. Passenger Compartment
F. Windshield Washer Fluid
I. Battery
Air Filter
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-10
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
If the low oil level light
appears on the instrument
panel, it means you need to
check your engine oil level
right away. For more
information, see “CHECK
OIL Light” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is
located behind the radiator
hose on the driver’s side of
the engine. The yellow
looped handle helps to
identify it. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
6-11
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil fill cap is
located behind the engine
oil dipstick and next to
the engine block on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the MIN mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
6-12
Turn the yellow cap counterclockwise to remove it.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
SAE 10W-30 is best for your vehicle. However, you can
use SAE 5W-30 if it’s going to be colder than 60_F
(16_C) before your next oil change. When it’s very cold,
you should use SAE 5W-30. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
6-13
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
6-14
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these is true for you, use the short trip/city
maintenance schedule:
D Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
D Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
D Most trips are through dusty areas.
D You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
D The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 5,000 miles (8 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance schedule. Change the oil and filter at the
first 5,000 miles (8 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first. Then, change the oil and filter every
10,000 miles (16 000 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to
break down slower.
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
The engine air cleaner/filter is located behind the
headlamps on the passenger’s side of the engine.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on location. Be sure the engine has
cooled before following these steps to replace the engine
air cleaner/filter.
6-15
1. Unhook the five clips that attach the engine air
cleaner/filter lid to the housing. You may need to use
a screwdriver to help you unhook the clips.
4. Lift the lid, take out the engine air cleaner/filter and
remove any loose debris that may be found lying in
the air cleaner base.
2. With a screwdriver, loosen the retaining clamp on
the air intake tube and then disconnect the tube as
shown by the arrow above.
5. Install a new air filter element. See “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index.
3. Move the hose going to the coolant surge tank
out of the way so the engine air cleaner/filter lid can
be lifted.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
6. To reinstall the assembly, reverse Steps 1 through 3.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
6-16
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
Passenger Compartment Air
Filter Replacement
The passenger compartment air filter traps most of
the pollen from the air entering your vehicle. Like
your vehicle’s air cleaner filter, it may need to be
changed periodically. For how often to change the
passenger compartment air filter, see your Maintenance
Schedule booklet.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily
get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
6-17
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is below the grille, at the base of the windshield on
the passenger’s side of the engine compartment. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
1. Open the hood of your vehicle.
2. Lift the engine compartment rear seal (see the arrow
in the illustration) and pull it back far enough to be
able to lift open the grille flap.
3. Unhook both retaining clips that secure the filter
in place.
4. Slide the filter toward the front of the car and then
pull the filter straight out.
5. Replace the filter by sliding a new one in,
reattaching both retaining clips and closing
the grille flap.
6. Reinstall the engine compartment rear seal.
7. Close the engine hood.
For the type of filter to use, see “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” in the Index.
6-18
Automatic Transmission Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transmission fluid level.
A transmission fluid leak is the only reason for fluid
loss. If a leak occurs, take your vehicle to the dealership
service department and have it repaired as soon as
possible. You may also have your fluid level checked
by your dealer or service center when you have your
oil changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXRONR-III is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” and “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
6-19
How to Check Lubricant
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Maintenance Schedule booklet.
6-20
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-21
NOTICE:
Checking Coolant
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
The surge tank is located behind the engine air
cleaner/filter on the passenger’s side of the engine. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
The cooling system when hot is under a lot of pressure.
If the low coolant warning light on the instrument panel
appears, you will need to add coolant.
6-22
Adding Coolant
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the
KALT/COLD line (seam).
If the light comes on and
stays on, it means you’re
low on engine coolant.
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it
is hand-tight.
For more information, see “Low Coolant Warning
Light” in the Index.
6-23
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
NOTICE:
The surge tank cap is a 14 psi (97 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating.
The power steering fluid reservoir is located between the
battery and the brake master cylinder on the driver’s side
of the engine. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for more information on location.
6-24
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
What to Use
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the full mark. There are two lines
on the dipstick. The top line is the “full” mark and the
bottom line is the “add” line (which means that fluid
should be added). If necessary, add only enough fluid to
bring the level up to the full mark.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
The windshield washer fluid
reservoir is located behind the
front grille on the driver’s side
of the engine. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
Open the cap with the washer
symbol on it. Add washer
fluid until the tank is full.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet. Always use the proper
fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
6-25
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
6-26
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should
have your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on the
engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-27
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care”
in the Index.
6-28
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Your vehicle has electronic wear sensors that let you
know when the front brake pads are significantly worn
and new pads are needed. The brake pad wear indicator
light will come on and stay on when the brake pads are
worn and need to be replaced. See “Brake Pad Wear
Indicator Light” in the Index.
CAUTION:
The brake pad wear indicator light means that
soon your brakes won’t work well. That could
lead to an accident. When the brake pad wear
indicator light comes on and stays on, have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Properly torqued wheel bolts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel bolts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in the Maintenance
Schedule booklet under Part C “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections.”
Replacing Brake System Parts
6-29
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco
battery. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for battery location.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
After a power loss, such as disconnecting the battery or
removing the maxi fuses in the power distribution fuse
block, the following steps must be performed to
calibrate the electronic throttle control. If this is not
done, the engine will not run properly.
1. Turn the ignition key to the RUN position. Do not
start the engine.
2. Leave the ignition in the RUN position for at least
three minutes so that the electronic throttle control
will cycle and re-learn its home position.
3. Turn the ignition to OFF.
4. Start and run the engine for at least 30 seconds.
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
6-30
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer service department.
For bulb types, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting
(If Equipped)
Headlamps
CAUTION:
The low beam High Intensity Discharge lighting
system operates at a very high voltage. If you try
to service any of the system components, you
could be seriously injured. Have your dealer or a
qualified technician service them.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. With a screwdriver, unscrew the fastener on the
headlamp cover and then remove the cover to gain
access to the headlamps. Note that the inner bulb is
for the high-beam headlamp and the outer bulb is for
the low-beam headlamp.
6-31
2. Remove the black rubber cap that protects the
bulb area.
6-32
3. Remove the plug connector from the bulb.
4. Squeeze the retaining clip together and then pull it
away from the bulb assembly.
5. Pull the bulb out and then replace it.
6. Reverse steps to reassemble.
6-33
Headlamp Aiming
Front Turn Signal Lamp
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their
high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe your
headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend that you
take your vehicle to the dealer for service. However, it is
possible for you to re-aim your headlamps by following
the procedure in the service manual for your vehicle.
NOTICE:
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
6-34
1. With a screwdriver, unscrew the fastener on the
headlamp cover and then remove it to access the
turn signal lamps.
2. On the outboard side of each low-beam headlamp,
you will find the turn signal bulbs. Turn the lamp
assembly counterclockwise to remove it.
3. Pull the bulb out, replace it and then reassemble.
Taillamp and Stop Lamp
1. Open the trunk to access the lamp housing.
2. Depending on which outer bulb needs replacing,
open either the spare tire cover on the driver’s side or
the storage compartment on the passenger’s side to
access the bulbs.
6-35
Taillamp and Backup Lamp
1. Open the trunk to access the lamp housing.
2. Remove the plastic cover, located on the underside
of the trunk lid, by squeezing the two tabs together.
This will expose the back of the lamp housing.
3. Turn the socket counterclockwise to remove it.
4. To remove the bulb, turn it counterclockwise. When
you replace the bulb, you need to push it in and twist
it clockwise into place.
5. Reinstall the socket by turning it clockwise in the
lamp housing.
6-36
3. Remove the back of the lamp housing, located on the
underside of the trunk lid, by squeezing the two tabs
as shown.
4. To remove the bulb, turn it counterclockwise. To
replace the bulb, push it in and twist it clockwise.
5. Reinstall the lamp housing and cover by reversing
the steps listed previously.
Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least twice
a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade Check” in
the Maintenance Schedule booklet under Part B “Owner
Checks and Services” for more information.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade type, see “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” later in this section.
To replace the wiper blade assembly:
1. Pull the windshield wiper assembly away from
the windshield.
2. Lift the wiper blade assembly up so it is in a “T”
shaped position. You should be able to see a tab.
3. Squeeze the tab together and pull the wiper blade
assembly down enough to release it from the “J”
hooked end of the wiper arm. Slide the assembly
away from the arm.
4. Replace the blade.
5. To reinstall the wiper blade assembly, slide it over
the wiper arm to engage the “J” hooked end on the
wiper blade assembly. Pull up on the assembly to
lock it into place.
6-37
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Cadillac Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-38
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
D Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
D Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment for higher
speed driving.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is located on
the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
If you’ll be driving at speeds higher than 100 mph
(160 km/h) where it is legal, raise the cold inflation
pressure of each tire to 38 psi (260 kPa) for tire
size P225/55R16 and to 39 psi (270 kPa) for tire
size 235/45R17. When you end this very high-speed
driving, reduce the cold inflation pressures to those
listed on the Tire-Loading Information label.
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Also, check the
tire pressure of the spare tire.
6-39
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out
dirt and moisture.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated at 5,000 miles (8 000 km) and
then every 10,000 miles (16 000 km) thereafter. Any
time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as soon
as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See “When It’s Time for
New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” later in this
section for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Maintenance Schedule
booklet for scheduled rotation intervals.
6-40
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here. Don’t include the spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel bolts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Bolt Torque” in
the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel studs become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if
you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-41
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by
an “MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-42
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
6-43
Temperature -- A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance
on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum
required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel bolts keep coming loose, the wheel
and wheel bolts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks
air, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which can
sometimes be repaired). See your dealer if any of these
conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
6-44
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels or wheel
bolts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel and wheel bolts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels and wheel
bolts on your vehicle can be dangerous. It could
affect the braking and handling of your vehicle,
make your tires lose air and make you lose
control. You could have a collision in which you
or others could be injured. Always use the correct
wheel and wheel bolts for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-45
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has 235/45R17 size tires, don’t use
tire chains. They can damage your vehicle
because there’s not enough clearance.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-46
NOTICE: (Continued)
If you do find traction devices that will fit, install
them on the rear tires.
If you have other tires, use tire chains only
where legal and only when you must. Use only
SAE Class “S” type chains that are the proper
size for your tires. Install them on the rear tires
and tighten them as tightly as possible with the
ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow
the chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you
can hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop
and retighten them. If the contact continues,
slow down until it stops. Driving too fast or
spinning the wheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Turpentine
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and
Soil Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Lacquer Thinner
Here are some cleaning tips:
Nail Polish Remover
D Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
D Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
D Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-47
D Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
entire area immediately or it will set.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean
cloth and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-48
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood
immediately with a clean cloth.
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner
or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011.
The windshield is clean if beads do not form when
you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
6-49
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every
six months. During very cold, damp weather more
frequent application may be required. See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
6-50
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
6-51
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
6-52
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
6-53
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
Multi-Purpose
Interior Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1052925
6-54
16 oz. (0.473 L)
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
t
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
You’ll find this label behind the passenger’s side
access panel in the trunk (the panel that covers the
trunk-mounted CD changer). It’s very helpful if you
ever need to order parts. On this label is:
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-55
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring has several fuses which are
powered by a MaxiFuseR. An electrical overload will
cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to
remain off. If this happens, have the headlamp wiring
checked right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
6-56
Windshield Wiper Fuses
If the windshield wiper motor overheats due to heavy
snow or ice, the wipers will stop until the motor cools.
If the overload is caused by some electrical problem, be
sure to have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
Power Distribution Fuse Block
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
This fuse block is attached to the engine compartment
relay center located on top of the battery. Simply lift the
lid to open. If you have any questions about the power
distribution fuse block, consult your dealer.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the
instrument panel fuse block and the engine
compartment relay center.
Please note that if a power loss has occurred, such as
disconnecting the battery or removing the Maxi Fuses in
the power distribution fuse block, there are steps that
must be followed to calibrate the electronic throttle
control (ETC). If these steps are not done, the engine
will not run properly. For information regarding these
steps, see “Battery” earlier in this section.
6-57
Instrument Panel Fuse Block (Driver’s Side)
Fuse
1
The fuse block is located below the steering wheel on
the driver’s side. Using a screwdriver, loosen the two
trim fasteners under the trim panel and pull the trim
panel away from the instrument panel to access.
6-58
2
3
Usage
RH and LH Front Side Door
Window Regulator Motor, LH
Front Side Door Window Switch
Stoplamp Switch, Cruise Control
Release Switch
Automatic Transmission Range
Switch, Automatic Transmission
Control Indicator, Power Steering
Control Module, Hazard Warning
Switch, Automatic Transmission
Winter Mode Switch, Transmission
Control Module (TCM)
Fuse
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Usage
RH and LH Rear Seat Cushion
Heater Relay, Rear Sunshade
Motor, Accessory Power Outlet
Transmission Control Module
Radio Speaker Amplifier
RH and LH Rear Side Door
Window Regulator Motor
Headlamp Switch, Turn Signal
Switch, Horn Relay, CD Changer,
Multifunction Relay
Windshield Wiper Motor and
Relay, Windshield Wiper and
Windshield Washer Switch
Body Control Module (BCM),
Heater Water Auxiliary Pump,
Fan Control Relays, Auxiliary
Water Pump Relay
Heater and A/C Control, RH and
LH Outside Rearview Mirrors
Hazard Warning Switch,
Instrument Cluster, Data Link
Connector (DLC), Stoplamp
Switch, Gage Cluster,
Heater and A/C Control.
Fuse
13
14
15
Usage
Remote Control Outside Rearview
Mirror Switch, A/C Compressor
Relay, Coolant Fan Test
Connector, A/C Load Switch
Cellular Telephone, RH and LH
Windshield Washer Nozzles,
Driver and Passenger Heated Seat
Switch, Heater and A/C Control,
Heated Outside Rearview Mirror
and Rear Window Defogger Relay
Rear Suspension Leveling Air
Compressor Relay, Instrument
Cluster, Gage Cluster, Cruise
Control Switch, Headlamp Switch,
Multifunction Relay, Passenger
and Driver Heated Seat Relay,
BCM, Sunroof Actuator,
Automatic Level Control Sensor,
RH and LH Heated Rear Seat
Switch, RH and LH Heated Rear
Seat Cushion Relay, Driver Seat
Adjuster Memory Module, LH
Front Side Door Window Switch,
Inside Rearview Mirror
6-59
Fuse
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Usage
Cigarette Lighter
(Front and Console)
Horn #1 and #2
Fuel Pump
Electronic Brake/Traction
Control Module
Passenger and Driver Heated
Seat Relay
Daytime Running Lamp (DRL)
Relay, LH High-Beam
Headlamp Relay
Headlamp Switch,
LH Low-Beam Headlamp
LH Parking Lamp and Turn Signal
Lamps, LH Rear Sidemarker
Lamp, Multifunction Relay, LH
Stoplamp and Taillamp
Lifting Magnet, BCM,
Gage Cluster
Sunroof Actuator
Fuse
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
6-60
Usage
Headlamp Switch, RH and LH
Front Sidemarker Lamp, Middle
Taillamp, RH and LH Rear
License Plate Lamp, Radio,
Automatic Transmission Control
Indicator, Heater and A/C Control
Automatic Level Control Sensor,
Rear Suspension Leveling Air
Compressor and Relay
Door Lock Relay
Multifunction Relay,
OnStarR System
RH Parking Lamp and Turn Signal
Lamp, RH Rear Sidemarker
Lamp, RH Stoplamp and Taillamp
RH Low-Beam Headlamp Turn
Signal Switch
RH High-Beam Headlamp Relay
Blower Controller,
A/C Compressor Relay
Heated Rear Window
Defogger Relay
Passenger Seat Adjuster
Switch, Driver Seat Adjuster
Memory Module
Relay Box
The relay box is located on the lower part of the
instrument panel, to the right of the steering column.
Relay
Usage
I
Daytime Running Lamps
II
Automatic Level Control
III
Rear Window Defogger,
Heated Mirrors
IV
Hazard Warning Flashers
V
High-Beam Headlamps II (RH)
VI
Horn
VII
Parking Lamps and
Turn Signal Lamps
VIII
Low-Beam Headlamps
IX
Not Used
X
Not Used
XI
High-Beam Headlamps I (LH)
6-61
Engine Compartment Relay Center
The relay center is located next to the battery on the
driver’s side of the engine. Lift the cover to access.
Fuse/Relay
1
2
3
4
6-62
Usage
Secondary Air Injection Pump
(Relay K12)
Fan Control (Relay K67)
Auxiliary Water Pump
(Relay K22)
Windshield Wiper Motor
(Relay K8)
Fuse/Relay
5
6
7
8
9
10
15
16
17
18
19
20
29
Usage
A/C Compressor Relay (K60)
Fan Control Relay (K87)
Fan Control Relay (K26)
Fuse 50
Fan Control Relay (K28)
Engine Controls Power
Relay (K43)
Fuse 40 (A) Fuse 52 (B)
Connector C110
Coolant Fan Test Connector
Fan Control
Fuse 42 (A), Fuse 49 (B)
Fan Control Relay (K52)
Fuel Pump Relay (K44)
Fuse 43
Replacement Bulbs*
Application
Bulb Number
Composite Headlamps
Inner High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90512338
Outer Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90512338
Front Turn Signal Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90487485
Taillamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90002521
*For replacement bulbs not listed here, please consult
your dealer.
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet for more information.
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.0 quarts (6.6 L)
Engine Crankcase
Oil Change With Filter . . . . . . . 6.0 quarts (5.75 L)
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . 10.57 quarts (10.0 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.0 U.S. gallons (60.56 L)
Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See refrigerant charge
label under the hood.
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to
fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
6-63
Wheel Bolt Torque
80 lb-ft (110 N·m)
Engine Specifications
Displacement . . . . . . . . . 181 cubic inches (2 962 cc)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 L DOHC V6
VIN Engine Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 (bhp) @ 6000 rpm
149 (kW) @ 6000 rpm
Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 (lb-ft) @ 3600 rpm
260 (N·m) @ 3600 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-3-4-5-6
Thermostat Starts To Open . . . . . . . . . 198_F (92_C)
6-64
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90512851
Fuel Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90542540
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9118851
Passenger’s Compartment Air Filter . . . . . . 9192320
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90541059
(Bosch Plug = FLR9LTE)
Windshield Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . 9118382 (RH)
9118381 (LH)
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheel Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107.5 inches (273.0 cm)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192.4 inches (492.8 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56.4 inches (143.2 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70.3 inches (178.6 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59.3 inches (150.6 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59.8 inches (152.0 cm)
Section 7 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Cadillac if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-5
7-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
7-8
7-8
7-10
7-10
7-11
7-11
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
7-
7-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the sales, service or parts manager,
contact the owner of the dealership or the general manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by
calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of
all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction,
the following steps should be taken:
7-2
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you should
file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce
any additional rights you may have. Canadian owners
refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
7-3
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free number
for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write to
Cadillac, the letter should be addressed to Cadillac’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
7-4
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. When
calling from outside Canada, please dial 1-905-644-3063.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Catera
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, where available, a Catera trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
7-5
Each technician travels with a specially equipped
service vehicle complete with the necessary Catera parts
and tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Servicer can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal
charge if the Catera is no longer under warranty.
Roadside Service is available only in the United
States and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privilegest
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privilegest at “no charge,” throughout your 2001
Cadillac Warranty Period -- 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km).
7-6
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Trip Interruption -- If your trip is interrupted due to a
warranty failure, incidental expenses may be reimbursed
during the 48 months/50,000 miles (80 000 km) warranty
period. Items covered are hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a
participating Catera dealership. If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Catera dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside
Service Advisor will assist you and request the
following information:
D A description of the problem
D Name, home address, home telephone number
D Location of your Catera and number you are
calling from
D The model year, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN),
mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-800-889-2438 -- daily, 24 hours.
7-7
Courtesy Transportation
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are proud
to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience. If your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately, keep driving it until it can be scheduled for
service, unless, of course, the problem is safety-related.
If it is, please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
7-8
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way shuttle ride to a destination up to 10 miles from
the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative, reimbursement
for reasonable fuel expenses up to $10 per day (five day
maximum) may be available. Claim amounts should
reflect actual costs and be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Additional Program Information
When your vehicle is unavailable due to warranty repairs,
your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum of $37.00 per
day supported by receipts. This requires that you sign and
complete a rental agreement and meet state, local and
rental vehicle provider requirements. Requirements vary
and may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel
usage charges and may also be responsible for taxes,
levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage
beyond the completion of the repair.
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each
new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
7-9
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
7-10
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE
CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
7-11
2001 CADILLAC SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 2001 CADILLAC
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
2001 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
7-12
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about
the vehicle.
Owner’s Manual.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
2
0
0
1
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
2001
$120.00
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
2001
$50.00
Owner’s Manual
2001
$15.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-CAD-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$6.00
Canadian Postage
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-13