Computing cluster for CDF

Computing cluster for CDF
Yuri Gotra, November 2001
Choosing the CPU
Athlon processor can do 9 operations per clock cycle (5 for Pentium III), has 128 kB L1
cache (32 kB for P III) and 266 MHz system bus speed (133 MHz for P III). Prices for DDR
memory are comparable with SDR (133 MHz) modules. DDR memory operates at the same speed
(266 MHz) as the CPU. Given these facts one can foresee significant performance boost for the
system based on dual Athlon 1500+ MP (1.33 GHz) compared to the MIT cluster on dual Pentium
III (1 GHz) CPU with PC-133 SDR memory. According to the RackSaver specs price per Gflop for
Athlon MP (1.4 GHz) system is $330 compared to $662 cluster based on P III (1.26 GHz). Athlon
based cluster has the best price/performance ratio compared to commercially available systems built
on P III or SPARC CPU’s (Dell, IBM, Compaq, HP, Sun).
AMD Athlon™ Processor Competitive Comparison
Feature
AMD Athlon™
Pentium® III
Pentium® 4
Operations per clock cycle
9
5
6
Integer pipelines
3
2
4
Floating point pipelines
3
1
2
Full x86 decoders
3
1
1
L1 cache size
128KB
32KB
12k µop + 8KB Data
Cache
L2 cache size
256KB on- chip
256KB on- chip
256KB on- chip
384KB
288KB
264KB + 12k µop
384KB
(exclusive
256KB
(inclusive)
256KB - 12k µop
(inclusive)
200 MHz to
266MHz
100MHz or
133MHz
400MHz
Enhanced
3DNow!™
SSE
SSE2
Single- precision FP SIMD
Yes
Yes
Yes
4 FP operations per clock
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cache/prefetch controls
Yes
Yes
Yes
Streaming controls
Yes
Yes
Yes
DSP/comm extensions
Yes
No
Yes
Total on- chip full- speed cache
Total effective on- chip full- speed
cache
System bus speed
3D enhancement instructions
Benchmarks
Possible problems
MOSIX on Athlon, no known incompatibilities, checked with MOSIX project leader
Prof Amnon Barak, from HUJI, Israel. “… we have no issues with processor types,
we touch no code in the area …”
Intel Corporation has completed the acquisition of privately held Kuck & Associates,
Inc. (KAI). On April 6, 2000, Intel announced that it entered into a definitive
agreement to acquire privately held Kuck & Associates, Inc. (KAI) for an undisclosed
cash amount. No known incompatibilities with Athlon, verified with KAI
representative.
Commercial clusters/servers based on Athlon MP processors
Note: Systems with quote over $1800 per node are not shown.
RackSaver, San Diego, CA (www.racksaver.com). RSC-4432, (32 nodes, 403 Gflops per
rack, RedHat 6.2, 7.0, 7.1). Built “Samson” 132 Athlon nodes cluster at the University of
Delaware, ranks in the TOP200 of the fastest supercomputers. They offer dual Athlon 1U
UltraThin RS-1131 server based on Tyan S2460 EIDE motherboard (hosts 3 HD) for $1499
(with 256 MB ECC registered memory, 20 GB 7200 rpm HD, 4 MB video, FD, w/o CD).
512 MB: +$100, CD: +$69,
Linux Networx (www.linuxnetworx.com, 1-801-304-0267) offers Athlon based clusters.
This company built a 48-node cluster for D0. Clusterworx management software. ICE box
cluster management appliance. Evolocity 2100 cluster (up to 10 nodes), Evolocity 1240s
cluster (up to 5 nodes), Built L3 48-node cluster for D0 (includes 96 Pentium III 1.0 GHz
processors, 48G of RAM). Quote for 1 node: $1715. (2U-3PCI, 460W, 1600+, 256MB,
Maxtor 100GB, Tiger, LAN). Contact person Rich Furst, 847-236-1983.
http://www.harddata.com/index.html Tiger, 2U, 2+2 bay, 2xPCI, 400W, 512MB, ATI
Rage pro 8MB, CD, FD, LAN, w/o HD, OS. : $1366 (incl $85 S&H)
www.atipa.com Atipa's Daytona R10i 1U Dual AMD 1500+ MP, $1342 (incl $20 S&H)
with 40 GB HD, CD, 1U case, 3 removable drive bays, FD, 512 MB memory. Dual 3-COM
LAN, 64bit/33mhz expansion slot, Tyan Thunder S2462NG mainboard, 6 cooling fan &
blower with 300W PFC power supply, 1 year warranty. Built cluster for CMS at FCC (1st
floor). 2U option is available, 2x66MHz PCI, 2x33MHz PCI, 4 HD bays, 300W, same price.
http://www.apache.com
www.sunsetsystems.com $1336 (CD, 1500+ XP, 256 MB)
www.alliedsystemsdesign.com Total density W
www.advancedclustering.com Pinnacle, 2U, 512MB, 20 GB, FD, CD, 1 year service,
Thunder video, $1784.
www.pssclabs.com Tiger, Tower! 300W, 512MB, FD, 100 GB, LAN, SVGA, $1800
Preferred option: ATIPA
Build-it-yourself Athlon MP cluster
Estimated price is about $1100 per node (w/o HD), see component prices below and test
setup. Given the budget of $14000 one can assemble a 7 node 1 TB cluster with 2 gateways. One can
expect performance of such a cluster to be comparable/superior to MIT’s 10 node Pentium III cluster
(~$30000, June 2001). Based on MIT’s experience this cluster will allow up to 20-25 users.
Brand
Product
Description
Price
Ship
Date/HR
Dealer/Phone
Case
AMS
#CK218-400W, 2U 6bay
Rackmount (Rack Mount)
server, 400watt
2U 6bays Rackmount w/ 400
watts power supply, 5.25Vx1,
3.5Vx1 & 3.5Hx4
$ 260
Start
at $15
$ 159
Starts at
$10.95
11/20/2001
8:56:00 PM CT
KRI Computer
866-839-1838
909-839-2886
Cpu
AMD
Athlon MP 1500+
Palomino 1.33GHz 3D
NOW! (Socket-A)
266FSB Processor
Price for PHONE ORDER must
MENTION PRICE WATCH Includes 15Day Dealer Warranty IN STOCK - AMD Channel OEM
Partner
11/23/2001
1:07:45 AM
CT
Accubyte
888-222-8298
630-832-9200
Motherboard
Tyan
IN STOCK* S2460 Tiger MP
AMD 760MP Dual Athlon MP
mboard ATX
Up to 3GB, 4 DIMMs DDR
PC2100 ECC registered, 6
PCI/1 AGP
$ 202
starts
at $9
11/18/2001
1:43:03 PM CT
Einux
Systems
866-8834689
Combo
Tyan
*IN STOCK* S2460 TigerMP AMD Dual
AMD-762 Chipset - 6
PCI - 1 AGP - DMA100 DDR memory ATX
with CPUs -Dual Athlon MP
1500 with CPU, Fan,
Coolermaster EP5-6I11 fan One year warranty on the kit
$ 579
$12 - $18
UPS
Ground
Insured!!
11/18/2001
12:31:30 PM
CT
Micro-Pro,
Inc.
888-881-0231
216-661-7218
Memory
Corsair
PRICE FOR ONLINE ORDERS
ONLY - CM64SD512-2100
PC2100 512MB unbuffered
DDR
184PIN CAS 2.5
USES 32MX8 DRAMS
266MHZ - Lifetime
Warranty
$ 110
$4
Fedex
saver
10/26/2001
8:19:00 AM
CT
Newegg.com
800-390-1119
909-395-9046
Video
eVGA
Price for online order only IN
nVidia Select Builder
$ 36
12+
11/17/2001
USSA.COM
STOCK, eVGA GeForce2
MX200, 32MB SDR AGP 4x
Exclusive ADM software,
032-A4-NV31-01 One year
warranty
11:34:33 AM
CT
510-623-3700
.
Hard drive
Caviar
WD1000BB
(OEM Bare
Drive)
Western
Digital
Price for phone order. Mention
PRICE WATCH - EIDE 100GB
7200RPM, 8.9ms seek time, 2MB
cache buffer, ATA 100.
$13.95
& UP
$ 195
Mtzon.Com
866-5954233
909-5954233
11/24/2001
1:10:12 PM
CT
Ata controller
Promise
Technology
Controller
Cards
PRICE FOR ONLINE
ORDER IN STOCK,
PROMISE Ultra 100 UDMA
ATA 100 IDE controller
w/software (OEM)
2 Chanell IDE
Supports UDMA
33, UDMA 66,
UDMA 100
w/Cable
$12
Fedex 2
Day Air
11/9/2001
4:20:00 PM
CT
Starting at
$7.00 Ground
(Insured)
11/14/2001
2:15:53 PM
CT
$ 15
Beyond
Computer Inc.
877-467-2224
212-965-1552
Nic 1 Gbit
Ark
GA2000T 10BT,
10/100, 1000Mbs
64BIT PCI LAN Card In
Retail BOX
Full Duplex 20/200/2000
NWAY 1000/GIGABIT LAN
adapter. OVER COPPER.
$ 75
I-Market
888-999-0958
909-869-6621
Nic 10/100
network card pci
card 10/100
Encore
MUST MENTION PRICE WATCH network card pci 10/100
$3
9
10/14/2001 8:57:00
PM CT
Connect
Computers
949-367-2875
.
Nic 10/100
D Link
Systems
DLink DFE-570TX
10/100 4 Port Server
NIC CARD
D-Link DFE570TX
10/100 4 Port Server
NIC
$ 106
14.95
SECOND DAY
AIR
11/7/2001
5:10:52 PM CT
Comp-U-Plus
800-287-8786
Switch 24 port
3COM
3COM Superstack III
3C16980A Switch 3300 24port
NEW
MODEL
$ 794
17.00
and up
6/21/2001
3:22:11 PM CT
Coast 2 Coast Office
Supply, Inc
800-646-0045
480-661-0045
Switch 48 port
Netgear
fs750na fs750na
48port 10/100
switch
with gigabit module
slots new & factory
sealed.
$ 767
9.95
11/23/2001
10:31:14 AM CT
PCNation/Computer
Warehouse Club
800-969-5255
847-400-3400 -- P.O.'s
accepted
Console switch
Linksys
SView04 Proconnect Console
Keyboard/Video/Mouse Sharing
Switch
Retail
$ 98
Unknown??
9/27/2001
7:11:58 PM
CT
Multiwave/MWAVE.COM
800-234-3358
626-912-8485
CD
Creative
Labs
52X CDROM
DRIVE
.OEM
$ 19
13.99
11/13/2001 1:08:13 PM
CT
Essentiallyyoursdigital.com
800-801-9555
818-348-7410
Floppy
Samsung
3.5inch 1.44 Floppy
Drive 1Yr Warranty
MUST MENTION
PRICE WATCH .floppy
$5
INSURED
$12.00
10/1/2001
10:55:00 AM CT
Connect
Computers
949-367-2875
.
Test setup
Tyan s2460 Tiger MP, 2xAMD Athlon MP 1600+, 512 MB PC2100 ECC registered, Antec SX830 300 W, Teac FD-235HF, Mitsumi 48x IDE CD $1148
1148+208=1356
COLFAX INTERNATIONAL est. 1987 108 South Wolfe Road, Sunnyvale CA
Case
Antec
Cases
SX1040B-ATX Full Tower
w/400W Part# SX1040B
Antec SX1040B Full Tower w/400W
Power Supply, AMD Athlon Approved
up to 1.4Ghz,BLACK Color
$ 129
PCHertz.com
888-647-9697
701-282-5555
11/8/2001
11:07:43 PM
CT
$20.75
Combo
Tyan
S2460 TIGER MP DUAL AMD ATX
MB ATA100 6PCI 1AGP UP TO
3GB OF MEMORY
MUST MENTION PRICE WATCH - with
cpu -(2) DUAL AMD ATHLON MP
1.4GHZ 1600+ CPUS WITH
HEATSINKS AND FANS
$ 584
12+
11/23/2001
1:02:50
AM CT
Tufshop.com
888-919-1101
562-290-0111
-- P.O.'s accepted
Memory
VS512MBECC266R PC2100 (266MHZ) 512MB
ECC REGISTERED (DDR) 184PIN CAS 2.5
Corsair
- with
Lifetime
Warranty
$ 157
10 Fed Ex
11/28/2001
2:24:45
PM CT
Spartan
Technologies,
Inc.
888-393-0340
Video
eVGA
Price for online
order only IN
STOCK, eVGA
GeForce2 MX200,
32MB SDR AGP 4x
nVidia Select
Builder Exclusive
ADM software, 032A4-NV31-01 One
year warranty
$ 36
12+
USSA.COM
510-623-3700
.
11/17/2001
11:34:33 AM
CT
CA
100013
Hard drive
Western
Digital
100GB EIDE
7200RPM Ultra
DMA/100 9ms OEM
Price for PHONE
ORDER must
MENTION PRICE
WATCH - *
7200RPM *
$ 193
$14.95
+
11/28/2001
3:56:32 PM
CT
Accubyte
888-222-8298
630-832-9200
IL
WD10072
NIC
D Link
Systems
DLink DFE-570TX
10/100 4 Port Server
NIC CARD
D-Link DFE570TX
10/100 4 Port Server
NIC
$ 106
14.95
SECOND DAY
AIR
11/7/2001
5:10:52 PM CT
Comp-U-Plus
800-287-8786
CD
Creative
Labs
52X CDROM
DRIVE
.OEM
$ 19
13.99
11/13/2001 1:08:13 PM
CT
Essentiallyyoursdigital.com
800-801-9555
818-348-7410
Floppy
Samsung
3.5inch 1.44 Floppy
Drive 1Yr Warranty
TOTAL $1340
MUST MENTION
PRICE WATCH .floppy
$5
INSURED
$12.00
10/1/2001
10:55:00 AM CT
Connect
Computers
949-367-2875
IL
CMVS512MB
Tiger MP (S2460) Motherboard
Benefits and Applications
Based on our flagship Thunder K7, the world's first dual-processor platform for the AMD Athlon MP processor, our new Tiger MP brings similar
processing performance to the masses! This cost-effective, high-quality dual-processor system board supports up to two AMD Athlon MP
processors, and provides leading-edge performance for your demanding applications. The Tiger MP is designed around the AMD-760 MP chipset
and provides powerful integrated features including a 266MHz system bus, support for up to 3GB of DDR memory, 32-bit and 64-bit PCI slots, 4x
AGP slot, dual-channel ATA-100 IDE and much more.
Processor
Dual PGA462 ZIF sockets Supports two AMD Athlon MP processors Two onboard VRMs System bus support for 200MHz or 266MHz
BIOS
Phoenix BIOS 2Mbit Flash ROM User settings for hardware monitoring (optional) Auto-configuration of IDE hard drive types Multiple boot options
DMI 2.0 compliant
Chipset
AMD-760 MP chipset AMD-762 North bridge & AMD-766 South bridge Winbond W83627HF Super I/O ASIC
System Memory
Four 2.5v 184-pin DDR DIMM sockets Supports up to 3GB of Registered PC2100 DDR memory Supports ECC (72-bit) memory modules
Form Factor
ATX footprint (12" x 10.3", 304.8 x 261.62mm) 20-pin power connector (300+W, +5V must be 30A+) Stacked parallel (one) and serial (two) ports
Stacked USB (two) ports Stacked keyboard and mouse ports
Hardware Monitoring
Winbond W83782D hardware monitoring ASIC 3-pin fan monitoring headers 3-pin Wake On LAN header (optional)
Expansion Slots
One AGP slot supports 2x/4x modes Four 64-bit and two 32-bit 33MHz (5-volt) PCI slots (v2.2 compliant) Total of seven usable slots
Integrated PCI IDE
Dual-channel master mode Supports up to four enhanced IDE devices Support for DMA100/66/33 IDE and ATAPI compliant devices
Integrated I/O
One floppy connector supports up to two drives Two 9-pin 16550-based serial ports One 25-pin SPP/ECP/EPP parallel port Four USB ports (two
via optional cable for rear panel mounting) PS/2 keyboard and mouse ports
Note
The Tiger MP S2460 accepts a standard ATX-style power supply . However, the P/S must be able to supply a minimum of 30A on the 5-volt
line. Many 300+ watt power supplies on the market today are capable of this output.
Thunder K7 (S2462) Motherboard
Benefits and Applications
Tyan's Thunder K7 is the world's first dual-processor platform for the AMD Athlon MP processor. This high-quality, feature-rich systemboard
provides cutting-edge performance for today's most demanding workstation and server applications, and includes powerful connectivity and
management features. In addition to its dual-processor design, the Thunder K7 features AMD's new 760MP chipset, DDR memory support, 64-bit
PCI slots, AGP Pro slot (as well as integrated VGA), dual LAN controllers, dual-channel Ultra160 SCSI, on-board server management and more.
Thunder K7 Models
Standard Model
S2462NG
S2462UNG
S2462UNGM
QLogic SM
No
No
Yes
Processor
Dual PGA462 ZIF sockets
Supports two AMD Athlon MP processors
Two onboard VRMs
System bus support for 200MHz and 266MHz
BIOS
Phoenix BIOS 4Mb Flash ROM
Supports APM v1.2 and ACPI v1.0
User settings for hardware monitoring
Auto-configuration of IDE hard drive types
Multiple boot options
DMI 2.0 compliant
Chipset
AMD-760 MP chipset
AMD-762 North bridge & AMD-766 South bridge
Winbond W83627HF Super I/O ASIC
System Memory
Four 2.5v 184-pin Registered DDR DIMM sockets
25° angled sockets enable rackmount installation
Supports up to 3GB of PC2100 Registered DDR RAM
Supports ECC (72-bit) memory modules
Form Factor
Extended ATX footprint (13" x 12")
One 24-pin and one 8-pin power connectors
Adaptec SCSI
No
Yes
Yes
UPC Number
6 35872 006012
6 35872 005817
6 35872 005565
Stacked keyboard and mouse ports
Stacked USB (two) ports
Stacked parallel (one), serial (one) and VGA (one) ports; side-by-side LAN (two) ports
Recommended Power Supply & Chassis
Hardware Monitoring
Winbond W83782D hardware monitoring ASIC
3-pin fan monitoring headers
CPU temperature and voltage monitoring
Expansion Slots
One AGP Pro 50 slot
Five 64/32-bit 33MHz (5-volt) PCI slots
Total of six usable slots
Integrated PCI IDE
Dual-channel master mode
Up to four enhanced IDE devices
Support for DMA100/66/33 IDE and ATAPI compliant devices
Integrated I/O
One floppy connector supports up to two drives
One 9-pin 16550-based serial port
One 25-pin SPP/ECP/EPP parallel port
Four USB ports (two ports via optional cable)
PS/2 keyboard and mouse ports
Server Management (optional)
Supports the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)
Q-Logic Zircon BMC
Support for IPMI, SDR, SEL, FRU
I2C and IPMB
Integrated LAN
Two 3Com 3C920 LAN controllers
10/100Mbps data transfer rate per controller
Integrated Graphics
ATI RAGE XL graphics accelerator
4MB frame buffer (SDRAM)
Standard 15-pin analog VGA port
Packing List
- Thunder K7 motherboard / User's manual
- 34-pin floppy cable
- ATA100/66 IDE cable
- Driver CD
- Com port cable
Regulatory
FCC DoC (Declaration of Conformity)
European Community CE (Declaration of Conformity)
Options for data storage
DATAMAX 1200, www.dynamicnetworkfactory.com. $9900. with 12x$160GB IDE,
actually sees 130 GB, 1 disk extra due to RAID, 11x130GB~1.4TB (RAID5, SCSI 64bit
controller). ($7070/1TB). Max speed 100MB/s. external, no drivers needed, dual host.
3ware Escalade 3w-7850, 8 drives, internal, $640 w/o HD, max can see 130GB.
130x7=910GB $300x8+$640=$3040. ($3340/1TB) www.3ware.com.
Promise SuperTrack SX6000. 6 IDE drives, internal, $600 w/6 removable drive enclosures
w/o HD 6
Brand
Maxtor
.
Product
4g160j8
160gb eide
5400rpm
udma 133
Description
3.5lp new
& factory
sealed.
Price
$ 292
Ship
4.95
Date/HR
11/23/2001
10:31:14 AM
CT
Dealer/Phone
PCNation/Computer
Warehouse Club
800-969-5255
ST
Part#
IL
4G160J8
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