Zebra Skimmers Corp.
ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440
Zebra™ ZVac
Vacuum System
Operator’s Manual
If you have any questions or require product support,
please contact 888-249-4855
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Copyright 2005 © ZSC
Zebra Skimmers Corp.
PO Box 833
Chagrin Falls, OH 44022
888-249-4855
www.ZebraSkimmers.com
Printed in the USA • Revised April 2005
Information is correct as of the date printed.
We reserve the right to change any
information without notice.
ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
Zebra Skimmers Corp.
Contents
1- General Information ........................................................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Introduction................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.2 Testing and Guarantee ................................................................................................................................. 3
1.3 Requesting Assistance................................................................................................................................. 3
1.4 Exclusion of Liability ..................................................................................................................................... 3
2 - Delivery and Handling ....................................................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Delivery ........................................................................................................................................................ 3
2.2 Handling ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
3 - General Descriptions ........................................................................................................................................ 3
3.1.1 Main Parts Key, ZV110, ZV220 (Fig. 3.1.1)................................................................................................... 3
3.1.2 Main Parts Key, ZV440 (Fig. 3.1.2)............................................................................................................... 6
3.2 Description of Machine................................................................................................................................. 6
3.3 Operating Principle....................................................................................................................................... 6
3.4 Technical Data.............................................................................................................................................. 6
3.5 Proper Use ................................................................................................................................................... 6
3.6 Improper Uses.............................................................................................................................................. 6
3.7 Residual Hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 6
4- Safety ................................................................................................................................................................... 7
4.1 General Precautions..................................................................................................................................... 7
4.2 Safety Devices (Fig. 4.2) .............................................................................................................................. 7
5- List of Controls and Indicators ......................................................................................................................... 8
5.1 Preliminary Start-up Operations .................................................................................................................. 9
5.2 Starting ......................................................................................................................................................... 9
5.3 Stopping ....................................................................................................................................................... 9
5.4 Stopping, automatic...................................................................................................................................... 9
5.5 Emptying the Tank (Fig. 5.6) ........................................................................................................................ 9
5.6 Emptying the Container (Fig. 5.7) ................................................................................................................ 9
6- Maintenance ...................................................................................................................................................... 10
6.1 Foreward .................................................................................................................................................... 10
6.2 Routine Maintenance ................................................................................................................................. 10
6.3 Carrying Out Required Inspections ............................................................................................................ 10
6.4 Lubrication & Cleaning ............................................................................................................................... 12
6.5 List of Accessories and Recommended Spares, models ZV110 & ZV220 ................................................ 12
7- Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................................ 13
Page 2
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1- General Information
1.1 Introduction
This Maintenance and Instruction Manual contains the
information required to familiarise the operator with the
proper use of the following types of vacuums (also referred to as “machine” in the following manual): ZV110,
ZV220, ZV440
The operational safety of the machine in your possession is entrusted to those who work with it each day.
These persons must therefore have detailed information about how to correctly use, operate, service, and
repair the vacuum.
This manual has been compiled in order to inform machine users about the prescriptions and basic regulations able to ensure their safety and allow the vacuum
to remain in a good working condition for the longest
possible time.
Personnel authorized to work with the machine must
read this manual before the machine is started.
Keep the manual near the machine, in a protected and
dry place for future consultation when required. Ask
for another copy from your Dealer or Zebra Skimmers
if this manual is lost or deteriorates.
This manual reflects the state-of-the-art at the moment the machine was sold and cannot be considered
inadequate if modifications are subsequently made in
compliance with further experience.
The Manufacturer therefore reserves the right to update the production range and relative manuals without being obliged to update previous machines.
1.2 Testing and Guarantee
Each machine is subjected to a final test involving its
operations and performance. This guarantees maximum efficiency during the work the machine must
carry out.
1.3 Requesting Assistance
Contact the Manufacturer in the event of faults or
malfunctions requiring the intervention of specialized
technicians.
1.4 Exclusion of Liability
The machine was delivered to the user according to
the conditions that were valid at the time of purchase.
For no reason shall the user be authorized to tamper with the machine. Contact Zebra Skimmers in
the event of any faults. All attempts by the user or by
unauthorized personnel to demount, modify or, more
ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
generally, tamper with any part of the machine, shall
void the warranty and relieve the Manufacturer of all
responsibility for damage to either persons or property
caused by such action. The Manufacturer shall also
be relieved of liability in the following cases: - incorrect
installation
- improper use of the machine by inadequately trained
personnel
- incorrect or insufficient maintenance
- use of spurious spares or use of spares that are not
specifically made for the model in question
- total or partial failure to comply with the instructions
- exceptional environmental events
2 - Delivery and Handling
2.1 Delivery
The machine is fixed to a pallet and wrapped in plastic
film. On arrival, check the machine to see that it has
not been damaged during transport. If this is the case,
contact the Manufacturer and the hauler immediately.
2.2 Handling
Use a lift truck with proper capacity to lift and convey
the vacuum, positioning the forks in the center of the
load. Refer to the technical data section for weights of
each machine.
3 - General Descriptions
3.1.1 Main Parts Key, ZV110, ZV220 (Fig. 3.1.1)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Vacuum motor
Liquid ejector pump
Control Panel
Automatic level control
Safety filter
Swarf tank
Quick fitting hose
Swarf tank cover
Fixed wheel
Liquid tank
Sight glass
Castors with brake
Liquid drain off gun tube
Cable connection
Fluid drain cock
Sound proofing box
Gun connection
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
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Figure 3.1.1
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
Figure 3.1.2
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
Zebra Skimmers Corp.
3.1.2 Main Parts Key, ZV440 (Fig. 3.1.2)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
3.5 Proper Use
Vacuum motor
Liquid ejector pump
Control Panel
Automatic level control
Safety filter
Swarf tank
Quick fitting hose
Swarf tank cover
Fixed wheel
Liquid tank
Sight glass
Castors with brake
Liquid drain off gun tube
Cable connection
Fluid drain cock
Silencer
Gun connection
The exhauster is designed to operate in shops where
metal swarf is removed from machining operations.
It can suck in and separate the metal portion of the
machining process (swarf) from the fluid part ( cutting
fluids), thus allowing both to be quickly recovered.
All other use is prohibited and will void the warranty.
3.6 Improper Uses
The following is a list of machine uses that should be
STRICTLY AVOIDED:
-Never operate in any environment where there is a
risk of explosion.
-Never open the container while machine is running.
-Never suck up lit cigarettes ends. This may cause filter to catch fire.
3.2 Description of Machine
The vacuum is ideal for extracting fluids and small
quantities of swarf. Practical and functional, it is suitable for lathes, mills, and all machine tools where coolants and swarf need to be separated.
-Never use the vacuum on irregular ground or on
slopes exceeding 5%.
-Never open the door to the electric panel. This door
should only be opened by a qualified electrician once
the main power is cut by cord disconnection.
3.3 Operating Principle
-It is forbidden to use the vacuum to suck petrols, solvents, radioactive material, or other contaminants.
The machine simultaneously draws up swarf which
is separated and contained, and fluid, which is drawn
into the main container.
3.7 Residual Hazards
When the liquid container is full, a level control
switches off the suction and then empties the liquid by
means of the pump.
Danger of electrical shock:
The terminal strip that connects the main electricity to
the electrical panel remains powered by the main even
when the main switch has been turned to the zero “0”
position.
The swarf is then removed by hand by means of the
swarf container.
3.4 Technical Data
Voltage:
Page 6
ZV110
ZV220
ZV440
110v
240v
440v
Power phases:
1
1
3
Power in watts:
1460
1460
2550
Waterlift, max
(in.):
135
135
145
Airflow, max
(cfm):
92
92
219
Liquid container:
55
55
55
Dimensions:
48x24x40
48x24x40
48x24x40
Weight (lbs.):
300
287
338
Insulation (class):
B
B
F
Noise Level
(dBA):
70
70
73
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4- Safety
4.1 General Precautions
Become thoroughly familiar with the contents of this
manual before starting, operating, or servicing the unit
in any way.
Operate the unit in a safe manner, practicing all plant
safety procedures required by law.
Never start the unit if it is faulty. Contact authorized
personnel immediately.
Connect the machine to a main electrical with a sufficient ground circuit. Any misused electrical connection
will void the warranty.
Never move the vacuum by pulling the power cable.
This may damage the unit and put the operater at risk
of electrocution.
Use extension cables suitable for the purpose; the
extension cable must be larger than that of the power
cable of the machine in order to prevent overheating.
ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
4.2 Safety Devices (Fig. 4.2)
1. Main lockable door blocking switch (emergency switch)
Prevents the door of the electric panel from
being opened when the switch is in position “I”
(electrical components powered).
!!ATTENTION!!
When the electric powerplug has been
plugged into the electricity main and the main
switch is in position “0” (zero), the door can be
opened by means of the four locking screws.
In this condiiton, the terminal strip of the electric panel remains powered with the consequent risk of electric shock.
2. Stop button
Stops the vacuum from operating in an emergency situation.
3. Level probe
Automatically stops the suction action when
the level of the fluid in the tank reaches its
maximum level, preventing fluid from flowing
into the filter chamber.
Figure 4.2
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
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5- List of Controls and Indicators
Figure 5
1. Lockable Main Switch (red on yellow background)
Position “0” cuts the power supply
Position “I” powers the machine and indicator light “6” comes on
2. Start Button (green in color)
When main switch is in ON position, press button “2” to start the vacuum
3. Stop Button (red in color)
Press this button to stop vacuum operation
4. Fluid Discharge Pump Selector
The discharge pump will be stopped when in position “0”
Initiate the discharge pump by turning to position “I”
5. Indicator Light (white in color)
Indicates the machine is electrically powered
6. Indicator Light (red in color)
Indicates that the thermic protection has been tripped due to excessive power draw
7. Indicator Light (yellow in color)
Indicates the fluid in tank is at its maximum level. The suction of the unit is automatically turned
off until liquid is discharged
Page 8
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
5.1 Preliminary Start-up Operations
Figure 5.1
Figure 5.6
- Fit the accessories on suction inlet “1”
- Place the vacuum near the place of use and then
lock the castors “2” by pressing lever “3” downwards
5.2 Starting
Reference Figure 5.1 on previous page
Figure 5.7
Check that the voltage and frequency of the main electricity correspond to the values indicated on the data
plate. Fit the plug into the socket.
- Turn main switch to ON position. Light 3 will
come on
- Press the start button
5.3 Stopping
- Press the STOP button.
5.4 Stopping, automatic
The suction action will automatically stop when the
fluid in the tank reaches the maximum level, activated
by the level probe
5.5 Emptying the Tank (Fig. 5.6)
- Turn fluid discharge selector “4” to ON position to
drain fluid from the tank
- Hold the gun “2” and press lever “3” to drain the
fluid from the liquid holding tank
5.6 Emptying the Container (Fig. 5.7)
- Detach the hose pipe “1” from the suction port
- Detach the clip “2” and remove the cover “3”
- Lift the swarf container “4” using suitable lifting
means
- Empty the container into the proper disposal bin
- Thoroughly clean container holes to prevent obstructions
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
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6- Maintenance
Figure 6.3.1
6.1 Foreward
The suction unit needs no particular maintenance or
lubrication.
Remember however, that correct use and servicing
are essential if the safety and efficiency of the vacuum
are to be guaranteed.
To ensure regular and constant operation and to
prevent the warranty from becoming void, only use
genuine Manufacturers spare parts when repairs are
needed.
6.2 Routine Maintenance
Strictly comply with the following operations to ensure
that the vacuum remains in a constantly reliable condition.
Before Each Work Shift
- Empty swarf from container basket
- Clean the container holes of debris
- Check fluid level of machine
Check the wear on the retention seal of the filtering
chamber (Fig. 6.3.2)
- Loosen clamp “1”
- Detach the hose “2”, remove the screw “3” and lift
the cover “4”. Seal “5” will now be accessible
- Make sure that it is not torn or cracked. If so, replace it. Mount the new seal correctly.
Figure 6.3.2
Every 200 Hours (monthly)(see section 6.3)
- Check the condition of the vacuum seals
- Make sure that the hose parts are in good condition
- Check the condition of the power cable
- Check the condition of the suction filter
6.3 Carrying Out Required Inspections
Check the wear on the retention seal of the container
(Fig. 6.3.1)
- Release the closing hooks “1” and lift cover “2”
- Check to make sure that the seal “3” is not excessively worn or torn
- Adjust the pressure exercised by the cover on the
seal if the seal itself is in good condition but is still
not completely tight
- Loosen nuts “4”
- Tighten nuts “5” until cover “2” has been fully
closed. Now tighten nuts “4”
- Replace it if this is the case, mounting the seal
with the logo facing upwards
- To replace, container “6” must be removed
Page 10
Filter Inspection (Fig. 6.3.3)
- Demount the cover as described above
- Lift the multi-stage sponge filter “1”
- Make sure it is in very good condition
- Clean filter with compressed air, if needed
- Change filter if in poor condition
Figure 6.3.3
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
Checking Condition of Hoses (Fig. 6.3.4)
- Check tube “1” to make sure that it is in perfect
condition and correctly fixed
- Also check condition of suction hose “3”, which is
highly exposed to wear and breakage due to its
suction function. Pull pipe “3” out by hand to replace
- Inspect for clogging in outlet “3” or “5”, scraping
any debris that may have accumulated
Checking/Replacing Power Cable (Fig. 6.3.5)
Only authorized electricians may perform this maintenance
Figure 6.3.4
Model ZV440
- Make sure that the power cable “1” is in good condition. If not, replace as follows:
- Unscrew the three leads from terminals R, S, T,
ground
- Slacken cable clamp “2”, remove the cable “1” and
replace it with a new one possessing the identical characteristics (non-flame propagating NEOPRENE 4G 12,5 type)
Model ZV110, ZV220
- Make sure that the power cable “1” is in good condition. If not, replace as follows:
- Unscrew the three leads from terminals N, L,
ground
- Slacken cable clamp “2”, remove the cable “1” and
replace it with a new one possessing the identical characteristics (non-flame propagating NEOPRENE 3G 1,5 type)
Figure 6.3.5
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
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Check Cooling System of Suction Unit (model ZV440)
(Fig 6.3.6)
- The following maintenance will lesson the likelihood of the motor overheating and breaking down
- Make sure that the slits in the protective casing
are always perfectly clean and not clogged in any
way
- Make sure that the cooling slits on the motor cap
“1” are not clogged
- Make sure there are no dust deposits on casing
“2” of the impellar “3”;
Dust deposits may unbalance the fan, creating abnormal vibrations and quickly wear the bearings
- If the suction unit does need to be removed from
the casing, lifting means and safe anchoring will
be necessary
Figure 6.3.6
6.5 List of Accessories and Recommended
Spares, models ZV110 & ZV220
Standard Accessories Package
ZVXF100
Filter Bag Insert, 100µ
ZVXFSS500
SS Filter Container, 500µ
ZVXFRNA5”
Flat Rubber Nozzle Attachment
ZVXRCA
Rubber Cone Attachment, 6” long
ZVXCSIT
Curved Steel Intake Tube, 22”
ZVXMCA
Metal Crevice Attachment, 20”
ZVXCSW
Continuous Suction Wand, 36”
Optional Accessories
ZVXTCA
Tapered Cone Attachment, 8”
ZVXMCBA
Metal Crevice Brush Attach’t., 9”
ZVXBA
Brush Attachment, 4” diam.
ZVXEx
Wand 3’3” Extension Wand
ZVX
Wand 4’ Double-curved Wand
ZVXSA
Scraping Nozzle Attachment, 6”
ZVXFBA12
12” Floor Brush Attachment
Recommended Spare Parts Listing
ZVXF100
Filter Bag Insert, 100µ
ZVXFSS500
SS Filter Container, 500µ
ZVXDHose
Discharge Hose, 10 ft.
ZVXIHose
Intake Hose, 15 ft.
ZVXLCV
Level Check Valve
ZVXCL
Seal Container Lid Main Seal
ZVXMP
SealMotor Protection Seal
ZVXPump
Pump
6.4 Lubrication & Cleaning
- The machine needs no lubrication
- Wear proper safety equipment when cleaning the
machine, filters, tank, and hoses
- Do not use gasoline or flammable solvents or detergents
- Disconnect the exhauster from the main electricity
before cleaning
- Do not use high pressure water to clean any part
of the unit
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ZVac Models ZV110, ZV220, ZV440 Manual
7- Troubleshooting
Fault
Causes
Remedies
The vacuum suddenly stops
Thermic protection tripped (red
warning light)
Check the setting of the thermic
protector
Check the motor power draw
Reset the thermic protector
The efficiency of the vacuum has
dropped
Gauze filter clogged
Suction pipe clogged
Clean the netting basket
Clean the suction pipe
Fluid spills from the exhauster silencer
Level gauge is blocked
Level gauge is faulty
Demount and clean
Replace level gauge
Electrostatic current on the vacuum
Non-existing or inefficient earthing
Check all earth connections, check
suction inlet fitting. Pipe must also
be strictly anti-static
Notes
Please contact Zebra Skimmers Corp. at 888-249-4855 should you need assistance
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