User’s Manual
IP Telephony Gateway
Model No.: SP5002/S, SP5004/S
World Wide Web: www.micronet.com.tw ; www.micronet.info
Table of Contents
1.
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................4
1.1.
OVERVIEW .....................................................................................................................................4
1.2.
FEATURES .....................................................................................................................................5
1.3.
DEFAULT SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................6
1.4.
APPEARANCE .................................................................................................................................7
SP5002/S...................................................................................................................................7
SP5004/S...................................................................................................................................8
1.5.
2.
LED STATUS ..................................................................................................................................9
SETTING UP THE GATEWAY ...........................................................................................................10
2.1.
CONNECTING THE FXS GATEWAY .................................................................................................10
2.2.
CONFIGURING THE NETWORK .......................................................................................................12
by Console...............................................................................................................................12
by Web Interface......................................................................................................................14
3.
2.3.
INTERNET CONNECTION SETUP.....................................................................................................17
2.4.
PROXY MODE SETUP ...................................................................................................................20
2.5.
PEER-TO-PEER MODE SETUP .......................................................................................................22
2.6.
P2P CONNECTION EXAMPLE ........................................................................................................24
ADVANCED SETUP ..........................................................................................................................25
3.1.
BEHINDS THE NAT ROUTER (P2P MODE)......................................................................................25
Setup the FXS Gateway: .........................................................................................................26
Setup the NAT router: ..............................................................................................................27
3.2.
4.
5.
CODEC SELECTION ......................................................................................................................29
FIRMWARE UPGRADE.....................................................................................................................31
4.1.
TFTP SERVER SETUP ..................................................................................................................32
4.2.
UPGRADE BY WEB INTERFACE .....................................................................................................34
4.3.
UPGRADE BY TELNET COMMAND ...................................................................................................36
WEB CONFIGURATION MENU ........................................................................................................39
5.1.
NETWORK INTERFACE ..................................................................................................................40
5.2.
SIP INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................42
5.3.
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .............................................................................................................44
5.4.
PPPOE CONFIGURATION ..............................................................................................................45
5.5.
VOICE CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................................46
1
6.
5.6.
PHONE PATTERN CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................48
5.7.
SUPPORT CONFIGURATION ...........................................................................................................50
5.8.
PREFIX CONFIGURATION ...............................................................................................................51
5.9.
PHONE BOOK CONFIGURATION .....................................................................................................52
5.10.
DSCP CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................53
5.11.
PASSWORD CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................55
5.12.
ROM UPGRADE ...........................................................................................................................56
5.13.
FLASH CLEAN ..............................................................................................................................57
5.14.
COMMIT DATA ..............................................................................................................................57
5.15.
REBOOT SYSTEM .........................................................................................................................57
COMMAND LIST................................................................................................................................58
6.1.
[HELP] .........................................................................................................................................59
6.2.
[QUIT] ..........................................................................................................................................59
6.3.
[DEBUG].......................................................................................................................................60
6.4.
[REBOOT].....................................................................................................................................61
6.5.
[COMMIT] .....................................................................................................................................61
6.6.
[IFADDR] ......................................................................................................................................62
6.7.
[TIME] ..........................................................................................................................................64
6.8.
[PING] ..........................................................................................................................................64
6.9.
[PBOOK].......................................................................................................................................65
6.10.
[PPPOE] .......................................................................................................................................67
6.11.
[FLASH]........................................................................................................................................68
6.12.
[SYSCONF] ...................................................................................................................................69
6.13.
[SIP] ............................................................................................................................................71
6.14.
[SECURITY] ..................................................................................................................................73
6.15.
[VOICE] ........................................................................................................................................74
6.16.
[SUPPORT] ...................................................................................................................................76
6.17.
[TOS] ...........................................................................................................................................77
6.18.
[PHONE].......................................................................................................................................78
6.19.
[BUREAU] .....................................................................................................................................80
6.20.
[ROM] ..........................................................................................................................................81
6.21.
[PASSWD].....................................................................................................................................83
6.22.
[LINE]...........................................................................................................................................84
6.23.
[PREFIX].......................................................................................................................................85
2
About this User’s Manual
This user’s guide gives hardware specifications and explains web configuration and
command line configuration for the VoIP Telephony Gateway.
Online Upgrade
Please refer to http://www.micronet.info/ for additional support documentation.
General Syntax Conventions
Mouse action sequences are denoted using a comma. For example, click start,
Settings, Control Panel, Network means first you click Start, Click or move the mouse
pointer over Settings the click or move the mouse pointer over Control Panel and
finally click (or double-click) Network.
[Enter] means to type one or more characters.
Predefined choices are in Bold Arial Font.
A single keystroke is in Arial font and enclosed in square brackets. [Enter] means the
Enter.
For brevity’s sake, we will use “e.g.,” as shorthand for “for instance”, and “i.e.,” for “that
is” or “in other words.”
Safety Notes
Use the external power supply that is included in the package. Other power supplies
may cause damage to the phone, affect the behavior or induce noise.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
3
1. Introduction
1.1. Overview
Micronet SP5002/S, SP5004/S FXS (Foreign eXchange Station) VoIP Gateway, based
on IETF SIP standard, provides voice and fax over IP networks. Their simplified
operation and configuration features are the most suitable for residential and SOHO
application. Just an IP address and two (or four) phone sets can bring you to Voice
over IP world. No more long distance and international telephone fee.
Foreign eXchange Station, or FXS, is a telephone interface which generates battery
power and ring signals. FXS interface connects directly to a standard telephone or fax
machine, supplies ring, voltage, and dial tone.
4
1.2. Features
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Compliant with IETF RFC 3261 SIP standards
Provide 2 or 4 RJ-11 FXS ports for phone set or fax machine
Provide 2-port 10/100M Ethernet switch
Provide advanced telephony features, such as call hold, call forward and call
transfer
Support Proxy and Peer-to-Peer Mode
Support FAX over IP (T.38)
Support FSK and DTMF Caller ID
Support Static IP, DHCP and PPPoE connection
TFTP/FTP firmware upgrade
QoS : ToS (Type of Service)
Audio feature
●
Codec: G.711 a/µ-law, G.723.1 (6.3kbps), G.729A
●
VAD (Voice Activity Detection)
●
CNG (Comfort Noise Generate)
●
G.168/165-compliant adaptive echo cancellation
●
Dynamic Jitter Buffer
●
Bad Frame Interpolation
●
Voice/DTMF Gain Settings
Interface
●
One 10/100 Base-T Ethernet RJ45 port for WAN
●
One 10/100 Base-T Ethernet RJ45 ports for LAN
●
Two RJ11(SP5002/S) / Four RJ11(SP5004/S) FXS Ports
●
One RS-232 Serial Port
●
DC 12V input.
System Management
WEB Interface, Telnet, Console
Environment
Operating and storage Humidity: 10 to 90 % (Non-condensing)
Operational Temperature: 0 to 40 ℃
Storage Temperature: -10 to 50 ℃
Dimension & Weight : 230 x 150 x 38 mm, 360g
5
Certification
CE, FCC
1.3. Default Settings
The following are the settings of the default profile
IP Parameters
WAN IP Address: 10.1.1.3
Subnet: 255.0.0.0
Default gateway: 10.1.1.254
Web, Telnet or Console Login Password
Login = root
Password = Null (No password)
6
1.4. Appearance
SP5002/S
Front Panel
1. LED Status Display
Rear Panel
1. RJ-45 LAN Port
2. RJ-45 WAN Port
3. RJ-11 Ports, FXS Interface
4. Serial Console Port
5. Power Jack 12V DC
7
SP5004/S
Front Panel
1. LED Status Display
Rear Panel
1. RJ-45 LAN Port
2. RJ-45 WAN Port
3. RJ-11 Ports, FXS Interface
4. Serial Console Port
5. Power Jack 12V DC
Note:
The LAN and WAN ports here are similar to the switch hub, it has no routing
function as NAT router does.
8
1.5. LED Status
LED
PWR
TEL
GK
READY
Status
Green
Amber
Green
Green
Active
Description
On
The Power is on
Off
The Power is off
On
The telephone is Off-Hook
Off
The telephone is On-Hook
Flash
The gateway has Incoming Call
On
In Proxy mode, the gateway has registered to the SIP server
Off
Gateway is in Peer-to-Peer Mode
Flash
In Proxy mode, the gateway failed registration to the SIP server
Flash Slow
Normal operation
Flash Fast
Gateway is downloading the firmware
On
WAN connection has established
Off
No connection
Flash
Transmitting data
On
100M Connection
Off
10M Connection
On
LAN connection has established
Off
No connection
Flash
Transmitting data
On
100M Connection
Off
10M Connection
WAN
LINK/ACT
10/100
Green
Green
LAN
LINK/ACT
10/100
Green
Green
Ethernet Port1: (WAN)
Connect the Ethernet cable to the ADSL or Cable modem Ethernet port.
Ethernet Port2: (LAN)
Connect the Ethernet cable to the Ethernet adapter in your computer.
TEL Port:
RJ-11 connector, FXS interface. To connect analog phone set or trunk line of PABX.
Power Jack:
12V DC Power supply.
9
2. Setting Up the Gateway
This chapter describes how to setup the connection and configurations. The FXS
Gateway can be configured via hyper terminal, telnet or web interface through a
computer. The VoIP Gateway requires high speed Internet connection like DSL or
Cable modem.
2.1. Connecting the FXS Gateway
1. Connect the Ethernet cable from
WAN port to the DSL modem LAN port.
2. Connect the Serial cable from
Console port to the COM port in your
computer
You can skip this connection if your PC
or Notebook PC has no serial port, and
check the next section for more details
Note: The console connection can use for change configurations or some advanced
setup like debug mode, boot mode, etc.
10
3. Connect the Ethernet cable from LAN
port to the Ethernet adapter in your
computer
Note: If both VoIP gateway and Computer’s network has connected to the NAT router
or switch hub already, you can skip this step
4. Connect the telephone handset to the
TEL port (FXS port)
5. Connect the power adapter to the
gateway and plug it in to a power outlet.
It takes about 40 seconds to boot up
completely
11
2.2. Configuring the Network
VoIP Gateway can be configured by Terminal program through the serial cable
connection (called Console Mode) or by Internet browser through the Ethernet
connection, e.g., Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.
by Console
1. Run Hyper Terminal from you PC by
choose Start
All Programs
Communication
Accessories
Hyper Terminal (Windows XP)
2. Choose the COM port correspond to
your PC COM port connects with serial
cable connected
3. Setup the COM Properties as:
Bits/s : 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow Control: None
12
4. Power on the Gateway, wait for about
40 seconds to boot up completely
Note: If your applied the power to the Gateway already, you don’t get the boot up
message, type the root and press [Enter]
5. When Login: shows, enter root as
user name and no password as default,
press [Enter] to proceed
In the console mode, we use the Static IP address for the example, shows how to
change the Gateway network by [ifaddr] command.
usr/config$ ifaddr -ip 61.219.198.204 -mask 255.255.255.248 -gate 61.219.198.201
usr/config$ commit (to save the data changed)
usr/config$ reboot (restart the gateway to take changes effect)
After the Gateway restarted, you can use the ping command to verify the Internet
connection. For example: ping 168.95.1.1 or ping www.micronet.info
Note: In console mode, you can type [?], or [help] any time to check the all the
available commands. Refer to Chapter 6 for more details.
13
by Web Interface
If the PC or Notebook PC doesn’t come with serial port, you can use the web browser
by the Ethernet connection to configure. The default Gateway’s IP address is 10.1.1.3
You need to change the PC’s network setting first to be able communicate with the
FXS Gateway. Here we are using Windows XP as the example:
1. Choose Start
All Programs
Communication
Accessories
Network Connections
2. Right-click the Local Area Connection
icon; from the shortcut menu, choose
Properties
3. In this dialog box, double-click the
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) item that
corresponds to your Ethernet card
4. Most of the time, "Obtain an IP
address automatically" and “Obtain DNS
server address automatically” has
selected.
14
5. Turn on "Use the following IP
address" and type in the appropriate
numbers. For example, 10.1.1.8 in IP
address, 255.255.255.0 in Subnet.
Click OK
Note: As a courtesy, Windows XP doesn't make you restart the computer in order for
your new network settings to take effect.
6. To access the Web-based
configuration of the Gateway, launch
Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator,
and enter the Gateway’s default IP
address 10.1.1.3 in the Address field,
and press the Enter key. A login screen
will appear asking User name and
Password
7. Enter root in the Login name field and
leave the Password field blank
8. Click the [Network Interface] from
the right-hand side menu
15
9. Type in the appropriate numbers to
change Gateway’s network settings.
10. Click the [Commit Data] from
right-hand side menu, then click
button to save the data.
11. Click the [Reboot System] from
right-hand side menu, then click
button to restart the
Gateway.
16
2.3. Internet Connection Setup
This section shows the basic setup to enter the Internet connection settings provided
by your ISP. Before proceeding with the Internet connection setup, you need to know
the setup information for your specific type of Internet connection, for example, DSL
connection or Cable connection, login name / e-mail and password, then you can
configure the gateway.
A.
PPPoE Connection Setup
For DSL users, many ISPs may require you to log on with a user name (or e-mail
address) and password to gain access to the Internet. This connection type is called
Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE). PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over
Ethernet) is a specification for connecting multiple computer users on an Ethernet
local area network to a remote site through common customer premises equipment,
which is the telephone company's term for a modem and similar devices, commonly
used in dialup connections, users share a Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), cable modem,
or wireless connection to the Internet. Most of the PPPoE connection is temporarily
assigning an IP address to a requesting Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
NAT router or computer from a pool of IP addresses. The temporary IP address is
called a dynamic IP address.
1. Select the [PPPoE Configuration]
17
2. Select [On] to enable the PPPoE Device
3. Enter your DSL login name into User Name field
4. Enter your DSL password into Password field
5. Click
button
6. Select [Commit Data] and click
button.
7. Select [Reboot System] and click
button.
Wait for the gateway to reboot, check the DSL connection status by select the [PPPoE
Configuration]
18
B.
Static DSL Connection Setup
A static IP address is a number (in the form of a dotted quad) that is assigned by an
Internet service provider (ISP) to be its permanent address on the Internet. VoIP
gateways use IP addresses to locate and talk to each other on the Internet, much the
same way people use phone numbers to locate and talk to one another on the
telephone.
1. Select the [Network Interface]
2. Enter the IP address, Subnet and
Default Gateway
3. Click
button
4. Select [Commit Data] and click
button.
button.
5. Select [Reboot System] and click
19
2.4. Proxy Mode Setup
You can choose either Proxy mode or Peer-to-Peer mode for communication. Proxy
mode requires account information to access to the service; it’s assigned by the SIP
service provider. SIP Serve rendezvous point at which callees are globally reachable,
and perform registration, call routing function. The VoIP gateway (or IP phone) of the
users in the domain register their IP addresses with the server so that the other users
can reach them. Proxy Mode also suit for the gateway has dynamic IP address
connection.
1. Click the [SIP Information] at the Configuration Menu section
2. Select the Proxy
3. Enter the Proxy Server’s IP address or URL. For example, 220.130.173.70 or
sip.micronet.info
20
4. Enter the Line Number
5. Enter the Account. It can be same as the Line number, the user name or the
e-mail account. Check with your VoIP service support for the details.
6. Enter the Password
Note: You can use x to disable the lines
7. Click
button
8. Select [Commit Data] and click
button.
9. Select [Reboot System] and click
button.
After reboot the FXS GATEWAY, check the Status LED, it shows the gateway has
registered to the SIP server successfully when the LED stays on. If not, the Status
LED is blinking, check the Internet connection and SIP Configuration settings again.
21
2.5. Peer-to-Peer Mode Setup
P2P Mode doesn’t require any centralized control units like Proxy Mode does, it makes
communication between two end-points directly, [Phone Book] needs to configure to
work with in P2P Mode. It requires direct public IP access, it can also perform the job
behind the NAT device with static public IP connection, but it can not work behind the
NAT device with the dynamic IP connection.
1. Click the [SIP Information] at the
Configuration Menu section, select the
Peer-2-Peer Mode
2. Enter the LineX Numbers then click
button
The Line Number is similar to the
extension number of PABX system. You
can create your own numbering plan for
your VoIP system.
22
3. Select the [Phone Book] at the
Configuration Menu section
4. Enter the destination information into
New Record field
The E164 number is the other gateway’s
line number you want to call
button.
5. Select [Commit Data] and click
6. Select [Reboot System] and click
button.
Follow the same steps to configure the remote side gateway. The next section shows
the Peer-to-Peer configuration example.
Note:
Remember, the P2P Mode can not work behind the NAT device with the dynamic IP
connection.
23
2.6. P2P Connection Example
The following example shows the gateway’s settings of each location in P2P Mode
Head office dials 71# to reach branch office gateway
Branch office dials 31# to reach head office gateway
Head Office
Branch
Network
Line Number
Phone Book
24
3. Advanced Setup
It would be simple if every VoIP gateway, or computer that connects to the Internet
could have its own static IP number, but when the Internet was first conceived, the
architects didn't foresee the need for an unlimited number of IP addresses.
Consequently, there are not enough IP numbers to go around and we use the NAT
device or router connects our local area network (LAN), or the group of PCs in your
home or office, to the Internet. In this section, we will show you how to configure your
FXS Gateway behind the NAT device if the FXS Gateway acts standalone device in
your network.
3.1. Behinds the NAT Router (P2P Mode)
When you place the FXS GATEWAY behinds the NAT router in P2P Mode, a few more
settings need to configure on the FXS GATEWAY and router.
25
Setup the FXS Gateway:
1. Open the web browser to connect the gateway and select the [Network
Interface]
2. Change the IP Address, assign the IP address depends on your NAT router
settings. If the NAT Router LAN IP is 192.168.1.1, then the Gateway’s IP must
be set as 192.168.1.x , then enter the Subnet Mask as 255.255.255.0
Note: The static IP must configured on the Gateway in this application
3. Change the Default routing gateway IP Address. Here means your router’s LAN
IP address, for example: 192.168.1.1
4. Enable the [IP Sharing], enter the IP Sharing Server Address, here means
the router’s WAN IP address, for example: 61.219.198.204, then Click the
button
5. Select [Commit Data] and click
button.
button.
6. Select [Reboot System] and click
26
Setup the NAT router:
When the VoIP gateway or computer behind the NAT router, normal web surfing and
email will not know the difference, but some communication services using ports other
then the normal web ports (ports are like door ways to your computer and for security
the communication has the abnormal ones closed and locked but the normal ones
open like the web surfing port 80). It must enable the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)
function or setup the Port Forwarding(or called Virtual Server), let the communication
traffic can pass through the router.
A. DMZ Setup
1. Enter the NAT router configuration by web browser or software utility.
2. Locate the DMZ function and enable it
SP888B Broadband Router Screen Shot
DMZ
In computer networks, a DMZ (demilitarized zone) is a computer host or small network
inserted as a "neutral zone" between a company's private network and the outside
public network. It prevents outside users from getting direct access to a server that has
company data. (The term comes from the geographic buffer zone that was set up
between North Korea and South Korea following the UN "police action" in the early
1950s.)
27
B. Port Forwarding (Virtual Server)
If you can not find the DMZ function on your router or firewall, then the Port Forwarding
is another way to allow the communication traffic pass through. A broadband router
creates a firewall between your internal network and the internet. A firewall keeps
unwanted traffic from the internet away from your LAN computers. A ‘tunnel’ can be
created through your firewall so that the computers on the Internet can communicate
to one of the computers on your LAN on a single port. This is handy for running web
servers, game servers, ftp servers, VoIP applications or even video conferencing. This
is called port forwarding. Port 5060 and Port 16384 ~ are commonly used in SIP from
Micronet VoIP products
1. Enter the NAT router configuration by web browser or software utility.
2. Locate the Port Forwarding function and enable it
SP888B Broadband Router Screen Shot
Port
Applications running on TCP/IP open connections to other computers using something
called ports. Ports allow multiple applications to reside on a single computer - all
talking TCP/IP. Ports are another set of numbers AFTER the standard IP address.
Applications often hide these port numbers to reduce the complexity of TCP/IP.
Example: web services (HTTP) reside on port 80 by default, port 5060 is for the SIP
signaling by default, port 16384 ~ is for the RTP by default, etc.
28
3.2. Codec Selection
Codec (Coder / Decoder)
Codecs are used to convert analog signals to a digital bit stream, and another identical
codec at the far end of the communication converts digital bit stream back into an
analog signal. Codecs vary in the sound quality, the bandwidth required, the
computational requirements, etc. Codecs generally provide a compression capability
to save network bandwidth. Some codecs also support silence suppression, where
silence is not encoded or transmitted. In the VoIP world, codec's are used to encode
voice for transmission across IP networks.
Micronet VoIP gateway supports several different codecs, G.711A/µ law, G723.1,
G729, and when talking to each other, negotiate which codec they will use.
Codec
Description
Bit Rate
(Kb/s)
Remark
G.723.1
G.723.1 is an ITU-T
standard codec. Its
reasonably low bit rate
(6.3Kbps or 5.3Kbps). Use
of this codec in a product
requires licensing by Sipro
Lab Telecom
5.6 / 6.3
G.729
Coding of speech at 8 kbit/s
using conjugate-structure
algebraic-code-excited
linear-prediction
(CS-ACELP)
8
Low delay (15 ms)
G.711
G.711 is the international
standard for encoding
telephone audio on an 64
kbps channel. It is a pulse
code modulation (PCM).
This is most
64
mu-law (US, Japan) and A-law
(Europe) companding
29
It encodes speech or other
audio signals in frames using
linear predictive
analysis-by-synthesis coding.
All VoIP packets are made up of two components: voice samples and IP/UDP/RTP
headers. Although the voice samples are compressed by the Digital Signal Processor
(DSP) and may vary in size based on the codec used, these headers are a constant
40 bytes in length. This table shows the nominal Ethernet bandwidth consumption.
Codec
G.723.1
Bit Rate
(Kb/s)
Nominal Ethernet Bandwidth
20.8 kbps (for 5.3 frame bit rate)
21.9 kbps (for 6.4 frame bit rate)
5.3 / 6.4
G.729
8
31.2 kbps
G.711
64
87.2 kbps
30
4. Firmware Upgrade
Firmware is a combination of software and hardware. Computer chips that have data
or programs recorded on them are firmware. These chips commonly include the
following: ROMs (read-only memory), PROMs (programmable read-only memory),
EPROMs (erasable programmable read-only memory), it’s same as software, except it
is executed from ROM, and does not disappear when the power is turned off.
Firmware in PROM or EPROM is designed to be updated if necessary through a
software update. You can download firmware updates for Micronet VoIP products from
Micronet web site at Download Center.
You must have a TFTP or FTP server configured and running to perform the download
operation, you can download the TFTP program from Micronet web site.
Note:
Firmware should be upgraded ONLY if you experience problems with the Gateway
31
4.1. TFTP Server Setup
1. Click the link to download the TFTP program. The file downloads as a
compressed file called a zip (.zip) file.
http://www.micronet.info/Download/Driver/VoIP/utility/tftpd32m.zip
Note:
The file opens in WinZip® or another decompression program, use the program
to extract the zip from the compressed file.
2. Select the folder where you want to
save the compressed file, and then click
Save
3. After extracting the file, you can
double-click the tftpd32.exe to start the
program.
4. Download the firmware, save and
decompress the file into same folder
where the TFTP program located
32
5. Now, you have the TFTP server and latest Application firmware ready. Go to
next section for upload the firmware into the FXS GATEWAY
Note:
Make sure the Current Directory has located the same folder as where the firmware
file saved.
If you saved the ROM file other than where the TFTP program located, please select
the correct folder by click Browse
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a very simple file transfer protocol akin to a
basic version of FTP. TFTP is often used to transfer small files between hosts on a
network, such as when a remote X Window System terminal or any other thin client
boots from a network host or server.
Some details of TFTP:
ƒ
Uses UDP (port 69) as its transport protocol (unlike FTP which uses TCP port 21).
ƒ
It cannot list directory contents
ƒ
No authentication or encryption mechanisms
ƒ
Used to read files from/write files to a remote server
33
4.2. Upgrade by WEB Interface
The FXS GATEWAY has configured static IP address (192.168.1.8) and the TFTP
server (192.168.1.12) as the diagram showed.
1. Open the web browser to connect the
gateway and select the [ROM
Configuration]
2. Enter the TFTP server IP address
(192.168.1.12)
3. Enter the firmware file name into
Target File name field
34
4. Select [TFTP] method
5. Select [Application Image] as Target
File Type
6. Click
button to start
downloading the firmware
Note: TFTP server is uploading the file
to the gateway
After file transferred complete, the
gateway will write the new firmware into
the Flash ROM, wait until see the web
browser showed Please issue FLASH
CLEAN to consist software version
7. Select [Flash Clean] menu and click
the
button
When the screen showed Flash
cleaned!! You can now reboot the
gateway.
Note:
All the settings will be erased after upgrade the firmware, the gateway needs to
re-configure again. You can change Micronet VoIP gateway’s protocol from SIP to
H.323, or from H.323 to SIP by firmware uploaded as well.
35
4.3. Upgrade by Telnet Command
Telnet is another way you can access the gateway, assuming it has given you
permission. More technically, Telnet is a user command and an underlying TCP/IP
protocol for accessing remote network devices. On the Web, HTTP and FTP protocols
allow you to request specific files from remote network devices, but not to actually be
logged on as a user of that computer. With Telnet, you log on as a regular user with
whatever privileges you may have been granted to the specific application and data on
that device. Telnet is most likely to be used by program developers and anyone who
has a need to use specific applications or data located at a particular host.
A Telnet command request looks like this: telnet 192.168.1.8
We will show you how to use the telnet command to upgrade the firmware under
Windows OS. For the Linux OS users, please check your OS manual or ask the
network administrator for the help.
1. Click Start and select Run…
36
2. Type telnet 192.168.1.8 and click
to connect your gateway
3. Login screen
4.
4. Type root as login name, no
password, press [Enter]
5. Type the following command line to
execute the upgrade procedure.
usr/config$ rom -app -s 192.168.1.12 -f
4asipfxs.108
37
6. Gateway starts downloading the ROM
file
7. After downloaded the file, start writing
into Flash ROM
8. Always clean the flash memory after
upgraded new firmware.
9. After the rebooting ... message
showed, close the Telnet windows
10. Re-login the gateway and configure
it.
Note:
Telnet mode is good for user to monitoring the upgrade procedures
For more details about the Telnet commands, refer to the Command List section
38
5. WEB Configuration Menu
Micronet gateway provides a built-in web server. You can be accessed via Microsoft
Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator through use of a computer connected with an
Ethernet cable to the FXS GATEWAY gateway. Configuration and administration can
be performed through this convenient web interface. This section shows all of the
configure functions.
Main page
39
5.1. Network Interface
IP Address
When your gateway has static IP address or set behind the NAT
router, configure the IP Address, Subnet Mask and Default
routing gateway
Subnet Mask
A subnet is an identifiably separate part of an organization's
network. Typically, a subnet may represent all the machines at one
geographic location, in one building, or on the same local area
network (LAN). The appropriate subnet mask carried along with the
packet would be: 255.255.255.0
Default routing
gateway
The default gateway IP is assigned by the ISP or your NAT router’s
LAN IP.
DHCP
Enable the DHCP client function if you have the Cable Modem
connection to access the Internet
SNTP
Simple Network Time Protocol. It’s a simplified version of the NTP
protocol, it is an Internet protocol used to synchronize the clocks of
gateway to some time reference
40
SNTP Server
Address
Enter the preferred Time server address here
You can find the public SNTP server list from the web site, or
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q262680
GMT
SNTP uses UTC(Universal Time Coordinated) as reference time,
formerly and still widely called Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Set
the correct GMT for your location to get time display correctly.
IP Sharing
Enable this function when you place the gateway behind the NAT
router device.
IP Sharing Server
Address
Enter the public Internet IP address here, if the gateway behinds
the NAT router.
Primary DNS
Server
Enter the primary Domain Name Server IP address here.
If the gateway connects to the server by URL address, DNS must
configure.
DNS is the Domain Name System. DNS converts machine names
to the IP addresses that all machines on the net have. It translates
from name to address and from address to name. For example
www.micronet.info
Secondary DNS
Server
Enter the secondary Domain Name Server IP address here.
41
5.2. SIP Information
Run Mode
Select Peer-to-Peer, Proxy or Gateway mode.
Only Line1 works in Gateway mode
Primary Proxy IP
Address
Set Proxy IP Address or URL e.g. 220.130.173.70 or
Secondary Proxy
IP Address
Set secondary proxy address here if available
sip.micronet.info
42
Outbound Proxy
The outbound proxy is a normal SIP proxy. You configure your
client, the gateway or phone, to use the proxy for all SIP
sessions, just like when you configure your Web browser to use
a Web proxy for all Web transactions. In some cases, the
outbound proxy is placed alongside the firewall and is the only
way to let SIP traffic pass from the internal network to the
Internet.
Enter the Outbound Proxy address here if your SIP service
provider supported.
Proxy Port
SIP local UDP port number (5060~5070), default: 5060.
Change the Proxy port only when your service provider has
different application.
Prefix String
Set specific prefix string, use it when User ID contains alphabets
Line Number
The Line Number is same as the telephone number, people
locate you by this number.
Line Account
Account is requires by the SIP server for register, it can be the
Line number, user name or e-mail account.
Line Password
Enter the Account password here.
SIP Port
RTP Port
SIP Signaling port. Default is 5060
Real-time Transport Protocol. The Internet protocol for
transmitting real-time data such as audio and video. RTP itself
does not guarantee real-time delivery of data, but it does provide
mechanisms for the sending and receiving applications to
support streaming data. Default is 16384
Expire
Set expire time to match the SIP server registration time
required. It means, if you set 60, the gateway sends the register
request information to the SIP server every 60 seconds.
43
5.3. System Configuration
Keypad DTMF Type
Select In-Band, RFC2833 on DTMF replay type
RFC2833 Payload
Type
RFC2833 Payload Type (range: 96~128 inter-used: 100,
102~105)
FAX Payload Type
Set Fax Payload Type (range: 96 or 101, default: 101)
Inter Digit Time
Set the DTMF inter digit time (second)
CallerID Type
Set CallerID type. If your telephone set has CallerID function,
after the first ring at destination site, device will send line number
as Caller ID to called site. FSK (Frequency-shift keying) is a
method of transmitting digital signals. DTMF (dual tone multi
frequency) is the signal to the phone company that you generate
when you press an ordinary telephone's touch keys.
Busy Forward
Set enable or disable to route the call to preset number when
the line has no answer or currently online.
End of Dial Digit
,
. The End of Dial function
Set end of dial key as None,
is similar to the Send button on your mobile phone
44
5.4. PPPoE Configuration
Device
Enable or Disable the PPPoE connection
User Name
Enter your PPPoE account
Password
Enter your PPPoE account password
IP Address
It shows the Internet connection IP address if the gateway
PPPoE connection established.
Destination
It shows the Internet connection gateway address if the gateway
PPPoE connection established.
DNS primary
It shows the Internet connection Domain Name Server IP
address if the gateway PPPoE connection established.
Reboot After
Remote Host
Disconnection
The gateway will reboot by self when lost the Internet connection
and regain the connection
45
5.5. Voice Configuration
Codec Priority
Set the Codecs priority here. If you set the g723 at first priority,
g729a at second priority, then the gateway will use g723 to
negotiate the connection first, then shift to second codec if the
first didn’t match
Frame Size
Set Specify sending packet size, G.723: 30/60/90, G.711A,
G.711U, G.729: 20/40/60/80ms, G.729A: 20/40/60/80ms. The
smaller the packet size, the shorter the delay time. If network is
in good condition, smaller sending packet size is recommended
G.723 Silence
Suppression
Silence Suppression, also called “Voice activation detection”
(VAD) is a software application that allows a data network
carrying voice traffic over the Internet to detect the absence of
audio and conserve bandwidth by preventing the transmission of
"silent packets" over the network.
Volume
Adjust the volume levels
Voice (Incoming) : 0 ~ 63
Input gain (Outgoing) : 0 ~ 38
DTMF (Keypad tone) : 0 ~ 31
46
Echo Cancelor
Echo Canceller is designed to cancel acoustic feedback
between a loudspeaker and a microphone in loud speaking
audio systems.
Jitter Buffer
It’s a hardware device or software process that eliminates jitter
caused by transmission delays in an Internet telephony (VoIP)
network. As the jitter buffer receives voice packets, it adds small
amounts of delay to the packets so that all of the packets appear
to have been received without delays. Voice signals are
sequential by nature (i.e., they must be played back in the order
in which they were sent) and the jitter buffer ensures that the
received packets are in the correct order. Without a jitter buffer
to smooth the transmission, data can be lost, resulting in choppy
audio signals.
47
5.6. Phone Pattern Configuration
For tone simulation, FXS Gateway adopts dual frequencies as traditional telephone
does. Default tone value is set according to U.S. tone specification. Users may adjust
the values to their own country’s tone specification or users-defined tone specification.
Ring Tone
Set Ring frequency, on time, off time. Gateway will give ring to
phone set to trigger ring. If user found that phone set cannot ring
when having incoming call, please try to increase ring frequency
here.
y ringing frequency: 15 ~ 100 (Unit: Hz)
y ringing ring ON/OFF: 0 ~ 8000 (Unit: ms)
y ringing level: 0 ~ 94 (Unit: V)
y tone frequency: 0 ~ 65535 (Unit: Hz)
y tone freqLevel: 0 ~ 65535 (Unit: mVrms)
y tone Tone ON/OFF: 0 ~ 8000 (Unit: ms)
Ring Back Tone
Set ring back tone parameters
Busy Tone
Set busy tone parameters
Dial Tone
Set Dial tone parameters
2nd Dial Tone
To configure the value of the local 2nd dial tone
48
Audible tones are used in the telephone system to indicate the progress or disposition
of a call. Precise dial tone consists of Current day "precise" tones consist of a
summation of two low distortion sine waves.
The Dial Tone signal is used in Public Switched Telephone Networks to indicate that
the telephone network switching equipment has recognized that a telephone has gone
off-hook, and the switching equipment is prepared to receive the dialed digits or DTMF
codes.
The Ring-back signal is used in Public Switched Telephone Networks to indicate to the
caller that the called number is not busy, and that the line is being "rung" or signaled
that an incoming call is present. In most cases, the ring-back signal has the same
cadence as the ring generators used in that country, but the ring-back and ring
generators are usually not synchronized with one another.
The Busy signal is used in Public Switched Telephone Networks to indicate that the
called party is already taking another call. On most switching systems, the busy signal
will be emitted until the caller goes on-hook.
49
5.7. Support Configuration
T.38 FAX
T.38 is an ITU standard for sending FAX across IP networks in a
real-time mode. FAX messages are sent as UDP or TCP/IP
packets. Enable the T.38 FAX function, the gateway can send or
receive the facsimiles. It must enable on both sides, the caller
and called party.
50
5.8. Prefix Configuration
The Prefix function is using the drop and inserts digits
Index
Prefix record index number (Max: 30 prefix records)
Prefix
Setting the prefix number of the whole numbers that could be
into this VoIP gateway (Max: 20 digits)
Drop
Select enable or disable drop prefix function. The function is
enabled means to drop prefix number when dialing out. The
function is disabled means to keep prefix number.
Insert
Setting the digits that you want to insert in this number (Max: 30
digits)
Add Data
Enter the Index, Prefix, Drop enable/disable and Insert then
click the
Delete Date
to create the new Prefix record.
Enter the Index and click
Prefix record.
51
button to erase the
5.9. Phone Book Configuration
Phone Book function allows users to define their own numbers, which mapping to real
IP address. It is effective only in peer-to-peer mode.
Add Data
You can record 20 sets of phone book. Enter the Index, Name,
IP Address and E.164 No then click the
the new phone book record.
Delete Date
Enter the Index and click
phone book record.
to create
button to erase the
Note:
The e164 number defined in phone book will fully carry to destination. It is not just a
representative number for destination’s IP Address. In other words, user dial this e164
number to reach destination, destination will receive the number and find out if it is
matched to its e164, including Line number in some particular device.
52
5.10. DSCP Configuration
Assured
Forwarding (AF)
PHB
Assured Forwarding (AF): Has four classes and three
drop-precedence within each class (so a total of twelve
codepoints). Excess AF traffic is not delivered with as high
probability as the traffic "within profile," which means it may be
demoted but not necessarily dropped DiffServ AF
Expedited
Forwarding (EF)
PHB
Expedited Forwarding (EF): Has a single codepoint (DiffServ
value). EF minimizes delay and jitter and provides the highest
level of aggregate quality of service. Any traffic that exceeds the
traffic profile (which is defined by local policy) is discarded
DiffServ EF
Default
Select TOS value as 0.
User can set other unspecified value here
User Assign
Special DSCP Code
Differentiated Services (DiffServ, or DS) is a protocol for specifying and controlling
network traffic by class so that certain types of traffic get precedence - for example,
voice traffic, which requires a relatively uninterrupted flow of data, might get
53
precedence over other kinds of traffic.
By using DiffServ, traffic is classified based on priority. Then the traffic is forwarded
using one of three IETF-defined per-hop behavior (PHB) mechanisms. This approach
allows traffic with similar service characteristics to be passed with similar traffic
guarantees across multiple networks, even if the multiple networks don't provide the
same service the same way. This is an important feature because the Internet is really
a network of multiple service provider networks.
DiffServ replaces the first bits in the ToS byte with a differentiated services code point
(DSCP). The DSCP is then mapped to the PHB. This technique allows service
providers to control how the DSCP codepoints are mapped to PHBs, and each time a
packet enters a network domain it may be re-marked.
54
5.11. Password Configuration
Login User Name
Select root or administrator
Current Password
Enter the existing password here
New Password
Enter the new password
Confirm New
Password
Enter the new password again
There is no password as default setting, it is strongly recommended that you change
the factory default password of the gateway. All users who try to access the Gateway’s
Web-based setup menu will be prompted for the Gateway’s Password. The new
Password must not exceed 12 characters in length and must not include any spaces.
Enter the new Password a second time to confirm it.
55
5.12. ROM Upgrade
The web configuration provides Update FXS Gateway ROM Version.
FTP/TFTP server IP
address
Enter the FTP or TFTP Server IP Address
Target File Name
Enter the new firmware’s file name here
Method
Select download method as FTP or TFTP
FTP Login Name
Enter the FTP Login name (max 14 byte)
FTP Login
Password
Enter the FTP Login password (max 14 byte)
Target File Type
Select download Target File Type on 2M Boot Image, DSP
Application Image, DSP Core Image, DSP Test Image different
options from the drop-down list box
Note:
To upgrade the firmware version, use the Application ROM only in most cases. 2M
ROM includes BOOT and APP images.
56
5.13. Flash Clean
To reset the gateway settings back to factory default
Note:
User whose login name is root only executes it. All configurations in [Network
Interface] will be kept.
5.14. Commit Data
To save change after configuring FXS Gateway.
5.15. Reboot System
Reboot the FXS Gateway
57
6. Command List
This section introduces the command line interface and lists all of the commands.
You can use these commands to configure the gateway by telnet or console.
Command
Description
help
help/man/? [command]
quit
quit/exit/close the telnet connection
debug
Show debug message
reboot
Re-start the gateway
commit
Save the change
ifaddr
Network address manipulation
time
Show current time
ping
Connection test command
pbook
Phonebook information and configuration
pppoe
PPPoE stack manipulation
flash
Clean configuration from flash rom
sysconf
System information manipulation
sip
SIP information manipulation
security
Security information manipulation
voice
Voice information manipulation
support
Special Voice function support manipulation
tos
IP Packet ToS/DSCP values
phone
Setup of call progress tones and ringing (SLIC control)
bureau
Configure the Hotline mode destination
rom
Firmware information and update
passwd
Password setting information and configuration
line
Line information manipulation
prefix
Prefix drop/insert information manipulation
58
6.1. [help]
Type [help], [man] or [?] to show the command list as the table below.
usr/config$ ?
help
quit
debug
reboot
commit
ifaddr
time
ping
pbook
pppoe
flash
sysconf
sip
security
voice
support
tos
phone
bureau
rom
passwd
line
prefix
help/man/? [command]
quit/exit/close
show debug message
reboot local machine
commit flash rom data
internet address manipulation
show current time
test that a remote host is reachable
Phonebook information and configuration
PPPoE stack manipulation
clean configuration from flash rom
System information manipulation
SIP information manipulation
Security information manipulation
Voice information manipulation
Special Voice function support manipulation
IP Packet ToS/DSCP values
Setup of call progress tones and ringing (SLIC control)
Bureau line information manipulation
ROM file update
Password setting information and configuration
Line information manipulation
Prefix drop/insert information manipulation
6.2. [quit]
Type [quit], [exit] or [close] will disconnect the Gateway configuration mode.
59
6.3. [debug]
Debug is a tool to debug and analyze SIP messages traces, it can be more useful to
track down the error of the connection. It help identify errors at various development
stages.
usr/config$ debug
Debug message information and configuration
Usage:
debug [-add type1 [[type2]...]] | -open | -close | -status
-status
Display the enabled debug flags.
-add
Add debug flag.
-delete
Remove specified debug flag.
-open
Start to show debug messages.
-close
Stop showing debug messages.
Example:
debug -add sip msg
debug –open
Parameter Usage:
-status
-add
-sip
-msg
-delete
-open
-close
Display the enabled debug flags.
Add debug flag
SIP related information
voice related information
Remove specified debug flag
Start to show debug messages
Stop showing debug messages
For example, user open debug flags including sip, vp, msg.
usr/config$ debug -add sip msg
usr/config$ debug -open
usr/config$ debug -status
Current debug type enabled :
Debug Mode is open
DEBUG-> SIP
MSG
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6.4. [reboot]
usr/config$ reboot
 Rebooting...It will take 40 seconds....
After [commit] command, type [reboot] to re-start the gateway to take new
configurations effective
6.5. [commit]
usr/config$ commit
This may take a few seconds, please wait....
Commit to flash memory ok!
Save changes after configuring Gateway.
61
6.6. [ifaddr]
Configure and display Gateway network information.
usr/config$ ifaddr
LAN information and configuration
Usage:
ifaddr [-print]|[-dhcp used]|[-sntp mode [server]]
ifaddr [-ip ipaddress] [-mask subnetmask] [-gate defaultgateway]
ifaddr [-dns index [dns server address]] [-ipsharing used[ip address]]
-print
Display LAN information and configuration.
-ip
Specify ip address.
-mask
Set Internet subnet mask.
-gate
Specify default gateway ip address
-dhcp
Set DHCP client service flag (On/Off).
-sntp
Set SNTP server mode and specify IP address.
-dns
specify IP address of DNS Server.
-timezone Set local timezone.
-ipsharing Specify usage of an IP sharing device and specify IP address.
Note:
Range of ip address setting (0.0.0.0 ~ 255.255.255.255).
DHCP client setting value (On=1, Off=0). If DHCP set to 'On',
Obtain a set of Internet configuration from DHCP server assigned.
SNTP mode (0=no update, 1=specify server IP, 2=broadcast mode).
Example:
ifaddr -ip 210.59.163.202 -mask 255.255.255.0 -gate 210.59.163.254
ifaddr -dhcp 1
ifaddr -sntp 1 210.59.163.254
ifaddr -ipsharing 1 210.59.163.254
ifaddr -dns 1 168.95.1.1
Parameter Usage:
-print
Print current IP setting and status
-ip
Assign the VoIP gateway’s IP address
-mask
Assign the VoIP gateway’s Subnet Mask
-gate
Assign the VoIP gateway’s default gateway
-dhcp
Dynamic host configuration (0=Off, 1=On)
62
-sntp
Simple Network Time Protocol (0=No update, 1=Specify server
IP). When SNTP function is activated, users have to specify a
SNTP server as network time source
Example : ifaddr -sntp 1 168.95.195.12
-dns
Specify the DNS server’s IP address
-timezone
Set local time zone according to GMT
-ipsharing
Enable this function when the VoIP gateway behind the NAT
router or IP Sharing devices.
Example : ifaddr -ipsharing 1 61.219.198.204
Note : If you don’t have static public IP address, then the dedicated IP address is not
necessary in the command, for example : ifaddr -ipsharing 1 However, dynamic IP
Address is not working in Peer-to-Peer mode.
Information Example:
usr/config$ ifaddr -print
Internet address information
WAN IP address
: 192.168.1.8
Subnet mask
: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway
: 192.168.1.1
DHCP startup
: OFF
SNTP
: mode=1
server 168.95.195.12
time zone : GMT+8
cycle=1024 mins
IPSharing
: no IPSharing device.
Primary DNS Server : 168.95.192.1
Secondary DNS Server : 168.95.1.1
63
6.7. [time]
When SNTP function of Gateway is enabled and SNTP server can be found as well,
type [time] command to show current network time.
usr/config$ time
Current time is MON JAN 10 12:38:38 2005
6.8. [ping]
ping is the name of a computer network tool used on TCP/IP networks (such as the
Internet). It provides a basic test of whether a particular host is operating properly and
is reachable on the network from the testing host. It works by sending ICMP packets to
the target host and listening for replies
For example: if 192.168.1.2 is not existing while 192.168.1.1 exists. Users will have
the following results:
usr/config$ ping 192.168.1.2
PING 192.168.1.2: 56 data bytes
no answer from 192.168.1.2
usr/config$ ping 192.168.1.1
PING 192.168.1.1: 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0. time=5. ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=1. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=2. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=3. time=0. ms
----192.168.123.100 PING Statistics---4 packets transmitted, 4 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip (ms) min/avg/max = 0/1/5
64
6.9. [pbook]
Phone Book function allows users to define their own numbers, which mapping to real
IP address. It is effective only in peer-to-peer mode. When adding a record to Phone
Book, users do not have to reboot the machine, and the record will be effective
immediately.
usr/config$ pbook
Phonebook information and configuration
Usage:
pbook [-print [start_record] [end_record]]
pbook [-add [ip ipaddress] [name Alias] [e164 phonenumber]]
pbook [-search [ip ipaddress] [name Alias] [e164 phonenumber]]
pbook [-insert [index] [ip ipaddress] [name Alias] [e164 phonenumber] [port number]]
pbook [-delete index]
pbook [-modify [index] [ip ipaddress] [name Alias] [e164 phonenumber] [port number]]
-print
Display phonebook data.
-add
Add an record to phonebook.
-search
Search an record in phonebook.
-delete
Delete an record from phonebook.
-insert
Insert an record to phonebook in specified position.
-modify
Modify an exist record.
Note:
If parameter 'end_record' is omitted, only record 'start_record' will be disp
lay.
If both parameters 'end_record' and 'start_record' are omitted, all records
will be display.
Range of ip address setting (0.0.0.0 ~ 255.255.255.255).
Range of index setting value (1~100),
Example:
pbook -print 1 10
pbook -print 1
pbook -print
pbook -add name Test ip 210.59.163.202 e164 1001
pbook -insert 3 name Test ip 210.59.163.202 e164 1001
pbook -delete 3
pbook -search ip 192.168.4.99
pbook -modify 3 name Test ip 210.59.163.202 e164 1001
65
Parameter Usage:
Print out current contents of Phone Book. Users can also add
-print
index number, from 1 to 50, to the parameter to show specific
phone number.
-add
name
e164
ip
port
add a new record to phone book. When adding a record, users
have to specify name, IP, and e164 number to complete the
command.
Name to represent caller.
E.164 number for mapping with IP address of caller
IP address of caller
Call signal port number of caller
-search
To display record by specify index number
-delete
Delete a specific record. For example :
-insert
Insert an record to phonebook in specified position
-modify
modify an existing record. When using this command, users have
to specify the record’s index number, and then make the change.
pbook -delete 3
PhoneBook Rules:
The e164 number defined in phone book will fully carry to destination. It is not just a
representative number for destination’s IP Address. In other words, user dial this e164
number to reach destination, destination will receive the number and find out if it is
matched to its e164, including Line number in some particular device.
Note:
Index number: means the sequence number in phone book. If users do request a
specific index number in phone book, Gateway will give each record a automatic
sequence number as index.
66
6.10. [pppoe]
Display PPPoE related information.
usr/config$ pppoe
PPPoE device information and configuration
Usage:
pppoe [-print]|[-open]|[-close]
pppoe [-dev on/off][-id username][-pwd password][-reboot on/off]
-print
-dev
-open
-close
-id
-pwd
-reboot
Display PPPoE device information.
Enable(=1) or Disable(=0) device.
Open PPPoE connection.
Disconnect PPPoE connection.
Connection user name.
Connection password.
Reboot after remote host disconnection.
Parameter Usage:
print PPPoE status.
-print
-dev
Enable or Disable PPPoE Dial-up function
-open
Open the connection
-close
Disconnect the connection
-id
The User name ID provided by ISP
-pwd
The Login password provided by ISP
-reboot
Reboot the gateway after the PPPoE connection disconnected
67
6.11. [flash]
Restore the gateway’s configurations back to default.
usr/config$ flash
Flash memory information and configuration
Usage:
flash -clean
Note:
This command will clean the configuration stored in
the flash and reboot it.
Parameter Usage:
clean all the user defined value, and reboot Gateway in factory
-clean
default mode
Note:
It is recommended that use [flash -clean] after application firmware upgraded.
User whose login name is root only executes it. All configurations in command [ifaddr]
and [pppoe] will be kept.
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6.12. [sysconf]
This command displays system information and configurations.
usr/config$ sysconf
System information and configuration
Usage:
sysconf [-print] [-idtime digit] [-bf digit] [-keypad dtmf]
[-faxtype type][-2833type type][-lcdrop ON/OFF]
[-droptime digit][-eod digit] [-callerid type]
[-service used][-dtmfstart digits] [-dtmfend digits]
sysconf -print
-print
-idtime
-service
-bf
-keypad
-faxtype
-2833type
-lcdrop
-droptime
-eod
-callerid
Display system overall information and configuration.
Inter-Digits time.(1~10 sec)
Specify gateway service type. (0: Dial in service,
1: HotLine service.)
BusyForward.(ON:1 / OFF:0)
Select DTMF type: 0=In-band,
1=RFC2833.
FAX Payload Type
(range:96~128 inter-used:100,102~105)
RFC2833 Payload Type (range:96~128 inter-used:100,102~105)
Disconnect Supervision(Loop Current Drop) (ON:1 / OFF:0)
Period of Loop Current Drop (ms)
End of Dial Digit setting(0: none, 1: *, 2: #)
Caller ID Type setting, 0: Disable,
1: FSK(BELLCORE),
2: DTMF.
DTMF CallerID Start Symbol.
DTMF CallerID End Symbol.
IVR Auto Hang up (0:Disable /1:Tone /2:reverse )
-dtmfstart
-dtmfend
-ivr
Example:
sysconf -keypad 0 -eod 2 -callerid 1
Parameter Usage:
Show the sysconf current status.
-print
-idtime
Set the duration (in second) of two pressed digits in dial mode as
timed out. If after the duration user hasn’t pressed next number, it
will dial out all number pressed (1-10 seconds).
-service
Specify gateway service type. (0: Dial in service, 1: HotLine
service.)
-bf
Busy Forward function
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-keypad
DTMF replay type. When value is “1”, FXS Gateway will transfer
DTMF signal via RTP payload as defined in RFC2833. When the
value is set to “0”, the DTMF type is set as In-band.
-faxtype
FAX Payload Type. Rrange:96~128 inter-used:100,102~105.
-2833type
RFC2833 Payload Type. Range: 96~128 inter-used: 100,
102~105.
-lcdrop
Disconnect Supervision (Loop Current Drop) (ON:1 / OFF:0).
-droptime
Period of Loop Current Drop (ms).
-eod
Select the End of Dial key, “#”, “*” or none
-callerid
Select the Caller ID type, 0 = disable, 1 = FSK(Bell core),
2 = DTMF, 3 = NTT. After the first ring at destination site, device
will send line number as caller ID to called site.
-dtmfstart
DTMF Caller ID Start Symbol
-dtmfend
DTMF Caller ID End Symbol
Payload Type, the essential data that is being carried within a packet or other
transmission unit. The payload does not include the "overhead" data required to get
the packet to its destination. Note that what constitutes the payload may depend on
the point-of-view. To a communications layer that needs some of the overhead data to
do its job, the payload is sometimes considered to include the part of the overhead
data that this layer handles. However, in more general usage, the payload is the bits
that get delivered to the end user at the destination.
Note:
The ivr command is customized function, for specified server only.
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6.13. [sip]
This command is to configure SIP related parameters.
usr/config$ sip
SIP stack information and configuration
Usage:
sip [-print] [-mode pxmode] [-outpx IPaddmress][-transport type]
sip [-px address] [-px2 address] [-pxport number] [-prefix prefixstring]
[-line1 number] [-line2 number] [-line3 number] [-line4 number]
[-expire t1] [-port udpPort] [-rtp rtpPort]
sip -print
-print
-mode
-px
-px2
-pxport
-outpx
-prefix
Display SIP stack information and configuration.
Configure as Peer-to-Peer mode:0/Proxy mode:1/Gateway mode:2.
Primary Proxy server address. (IPv4 address or dns name)
Secondary Proxy server address. (IPv4 address or dns name)
Proxy server port.
(the port of proxy)
OutBound Proxy server address. (IPv4 address or dns name)
Specify prefix string, use it when UserID contains alphabets
(if UserID uses numerals, specify as null)
-line1
TEL1 Phone number.
-line2
TEL2 Phone number.
-line3
TEL3 Phone number.
-line4
TEL4 Phone number.
-pbsearch Search phone book
0:off/1:on.
-expire
The relative time after which the message expires(0 ~ (2^31-1))
-port
SIP local UDP port number (2326~5070), Default: 5060
-rtp
RTP port number (2326~65534), Default: 16384
Example:
sip -mode 1
sip -px 210.59.163.171 -line1 70 -line2 71 -line3 72 -line4 73
Parameter Usage:
Show the SIP current settings
-print
-mode
Select the P2P, Proxy or Gateway mode, 0 = P2P, 1 = Proxy,
2 = Gateway.
-px
To specify Proxy address when FXS Gateway is in proxy mode.
Proxy address can be IPv4 address or DNS name.
-px2
To specify Secondary Proxy server address.
-pxport
To configure proxy server signaling port, default value is 5060, if
there is no special request of Proxy server, please don’t change
this value.
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-outpx
Set IP Address or URL address (Domain Name Server must be
configured. Please refer to Network Configure) of outbound Proxy
server.
-prefix
when your username contains alphabets, for example sip1123,
then specify the prefix string as “sip”.
-line x
Assign gateway’s line number
-pbsearch
enable/disable phone book search function under Proxy Mode. If
user enabled this function, the gateway will search dialed number
in phone book to see if there is any matched table before send to
Proxy server, and if there is a matched data in phone book, the
gateway will make call to related IP address.
-expire
This parameter set duration time for sending registration
information.
-port
SIP port which used to listen incoming SIP messages
Default is 5060
-rtp
Specify the RTP received port number
Default is 16384
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6.14. [security]
This command is used to configure the account information included username and
password obtained from the proxy service provider
usr/config$ security
Security information and configuration
Usage:
security [-line number][-name username] [-pwd password]
security [-print]
-print
-line
-name
-pwd
Example:
security
security
security
security
Display
Specify
Specify
Specify
-line
-line
-line
-line
1
2
3
4
system account information and configuration.
which line number you want to set the account.
user name.
password.
-name
-name
-name
-name
1001
1002
1003
1004
-pwd
-pwd
-pwd
-pwd
1001
1002
1003
1004
Parameter Usage:
Shows the current settings
-print
-line
Specify the line for the account configuration, here has only one
line for this gateway model.
-name
Specify the username of your account information.
-pwd
Specify the password of your account information.
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6.15. [voice]
The voice command is associated with the audio setting information.
usr/config$ voice
Voice codec setting information and configuration
Usage:
voice [-send [G723 ms] [G711U ms] [G711A ms] [G729 ms] ]
[-volume [voice level] [input level] [dtmf level]]
[-nscng [G711U used1] [G711A used2] [G723 used3]]
[-echo used] [-mindelay t1] [-maxdelay t2]
voice -print
voice -priority [G723] [G711U] [G711A] [G729]
-print
-send
Display voice codec information and configuration.
Specify sending packet size.
G.723 (30/60 ms)
G.711U (20/40/60 ms)
G.711A (20/40/60 ms)
G.729 (20/40/60/80 ms)
-priority Priority preference of installed codecs.
G.723
G.711U
G.711A
G.729
-volume
Specify the following levels:
voice volume (0~63, default: 25),
input gain (0~38, default: 25),
dtmf volume (0~31, default: 23),
-nscng
No sound compression and CNG. (G.723.1 only, On=1, Off=0).
-echo
Setting of echo canceller. (On=1, Off=0, per port basis).
-mindelay Setting of jitter buffer min delay. (0~150, default: 90).
-maxdelay Setting of jitter buffer max delay. (0~150, default: 150).
Example:
voice -send g723 60 g711u 60 g711a 60 g729 60
voice -volume voice 20 input 32 dtmf 27
voice -echo 1 1 1 1
Parameter Usage:
Shows the current settings
-print
-send
To define packet size for each codec. 20/40/60/80 ms means to
send a voice packet per 20/40/60/80 milliseconds. The smaller the
packet size, the shorter the delay time. If network is in good
condition, smaller sending packet size is recommended. In this
parameter, 20/40/60ms is applicable to G.711u/a law, 20/40/60ms
is applicable to G.729 codec, while 30/60ms is applicable to
G.723.1 codec.
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-priority
Codec priority while negotiating with other SIP device. The codec
listed in left side has the highest priority when both parties
determining final codec. For example :
usr/config$ voice -priority g729 g723 g711u g711a
(Selected four Codecs, G.729 is the first choice)
-volume
voice
input
dtmf
To adjust the voice, input and dtmf levels
which can be heard from Gateway side(range 0~63, default: 25).
which the opposite party hears (range 0~38, default: 25).
which sends to its own Line (range 0~31, default: 23).
-nscng
Silence suppression and comfort noise generation setting (1 =
ON; 0 = OFF). It is applicable to G.723 codec only.
-echo
Enable or Disable the echo cancellation
-mindelay
The minimum jitter buffer size (Default value= 90 ms).
-maxdelay
The minimum jitter buffer size (Default value= 150 ms).
Note:
Be sure to know well the application before you change voice parameters because this
might cause incompatibility.
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6.16. [support]
This command provides some extra functions that might be needed by users.
usr/config$ support
Special Voice function support manipulation
Usage:
support [-t38 enable]
[-busy line [number]] [-noanswer line [number]] [-uncon line [number]]
support -print
-t38
T.38(FAX) enabled/disabled.
-busy
Busy Forward number.(if empty, please fill "null")
-noanswer No Answer Forward number.(if empty, please fill "null")
-uncon
Unconditional Forward number.(if empty, please fill "null")
Example:
support -t38 1
support -busy 1 1001
support -uncon 2 null
Parameter Usage:
Shows the current settings
-print
-t38
Enable or disable FAX ability. The function is will automatically
defer codec (G.723 or G.729a) to T.38 when FAX signal is
detected.
-busy
Provide setting busy forward to other number, when your gateway
is setting this function, it will forward to setting phone number if the
channel is busy,
-noanswer
Provide setting noanswer forward to other number, when you set
this function, it will forward to setting phone number if no one
answer the call.
-uncon
Provide setting Unconditional forward to other number, when you
set this function, all the calls to your number will forward to setting
phone number.
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6.17. [tos]
IP Packet ToS (Type of Service)/ Differentiated Service configuration.
usr/config$ tos
IP Packet ToS(type of Service)/Differentiated Service configuration
Usage:
tos [-rtptype dscp]
tos [-sigtype dscp]
tos -print
[-rtpreliab mode]
tos -print
Example:
tos -rtptype 7 -sigtype 0
-rtptype
-sigtype
the packages of voice (0~63)
the package of call signal (0~63)
IPv4 Head Format
In RFC 791, the following 8 bits were allocated to a Type of Service (ToS) field - now
DiffServ and ECN. For instance, one host could set its IPv4 datagrams' ToS field value
to prefer low delay, while another might prefer high reliability. In practice, the ToS field
has not been widely implemented. However, a great deal of experimental, research
and deployment work has focused on how to make use of these eight bits. These bits
have been redefined and most recently through DiffServ working group in the IETF
and the Explicit Congestion Notification codepoints
Note:
The value of rtptype and sigtype is from 0 to 63. ToS only works if it has related
network devices supported.
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6.18. [phone]
Gateway progress tone is configurable. Default tone value is set according to U.S.
tone specification. Users may adjust the values according to their own country’s tone
specification or users-defined tone specification.
usr/config$ phone
Phone ringing , ringback tone , busy tone , dial tone setting and notes
Usage:
phone [-ring [freq ] [ringON ] [ringOFF ] [ringLevel]]
[-rbt [freqHi ] [freqLo ] [freqHiLev] [freqLoLev]
[Tone1ON] [Tone1OFF] [Tone2ON ] [Tone2OFF ]]
[-bt [freqHi ] [freqLo ] [freqHiLev] [freqLoLev]
[Tone1ON] [Tone1OFF] [Tone2ON ] [Tone2OFF ]]
[-dt [freqHi ] [freqLo ] [freqHiLev] [freqLoLev]
[Tone1ON] [Tone1OFF] [Tone2ON ] [Tone2OFF ]]
[-ht [freqHi ] [freqLo ] [freqHiLev] [freqLoLev]
[Tone1ON] [Tone1OFF] [Tone2ON ] [Tone2OFF ]]
[-flash [freqLo ] [freqHi ]]
[-level [loopCurrentLevel] [onhookLineVoltageLevel ]]
phone [-print [ring]|[rbt]|[bt]|[dt]|[flash]]
-print Display phone ringing/tone configuration.
ring :
ringing
rbt :
ringback tone
bt :
busy tone
dt :
dial tone
ht :
hang up tone
flash:
flash tone
-ring ringing configuration set .
-rbt
ringback tone configuration set .
-bt
busy tone configuration set .
-dt
dial tone configuration set .
-ht
hang up tone configuration set .
-flash flash configuration set .
-level Loop Current and On-Hook Line Voltage level set .
Note:
ringing frequency : 15 ~ 100 (Unit : Hz)
ringing ring ON/OFF : 0 ~ 8000 (Unit : ms)
ringing level
: 0 ~ 94
(Unit : V)
tone
frequency : 0 ~ 65535 (Unit : Hz)
tone
freqLevel : 0 ~ 65535 (Unit : mVrms)
tone
Tone ON/OFF : 0 ~ 8000 (Unit : ms)
level loopCurrent : 0 ~ 7
(20mA ~ 41mA, Step : 3mA)
level OnHookVol : 0 ~ 63
( 0V ~ 94.5V, Step : 1.5V)
Example:
phone -print rbt
phone -ring 20 2000 4000 94
phone -rbt 480 440 125 105 2000 4000 2000 4000
phone -bt 620 480 125 105 500 500 500 500
phone -dt 440 350 96 96 8000 0 8000 0
phone -ht 440 350 155 155 100 100 100 100
phone -flash 400 800
phone -level 1 32
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Parameter Usage:
Specify which tone settings you want to display
-print
ring : ring tone settings
rbt : ring back tone settings
bt : busy tone settings
dt : dial tone settings
ht : hang up tone
flash : flash time settings
-ring
To set RING tone value. The played tone type, when Gateway is
receiving a call.
-rbt
To set Ring Back Tone value. The played tone type, when
Gateway receives a Q.931 Alerting message. In condition that
Gateway is the originate side.
-bt
To set Busy Tone value. The played tone type, when destination is
busy.
-dt
To set Dial Tone value. The played tone type, when hook off a
phone set of workable Gateway.
-ht
To set hang up tone configuration set
-flash
Set the detective flash range in ms, for example, 400-800 ms.
-level
Loop Current and On-Hook Line Voltage level set.
Note:
For tone simulation, Gateway adopts dual frequencies as traditional telephone does. If
users want to have their own call progress tone, they can change the value of tones.
High and Low frequency/level/cadence can be configured respectively.
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6.19. [bureau]
To set Hotline function must be under Peer-to-Peer mode and switch to hotline mode.
usr/config$ bureau
Bureau line setting information and configuration
Usage:
bureau [-hotline [Port DestIP TELnum]]
bureau -print
-print
Display Bureau line information and configuration.
-hotline Set Hot line information. (Port range: 1~6)
Note:
Hotline feature should be used together with:
$sysconf -service 1 (HotLine service)
$sip
-mode
0 (peer-to-peer mode)
Example:
bureau -hotline 1 192.168.4.69 628 2 192.168.4.200 999
Parameter Usage:
Shows the current settings
-print
-hotline
Define Line Hotline table respectively. The table is included [Line
number], [destination IP Address] and [destination Port or
Number].
For example
1. Destination is a FXS device (Branch), 71 is its Line1 number
usr/config$ bureau -hotline 1 203.69.28.242 71
From HQ, user picks up the telephone handset connects to gateway, and then hears
the ringback tone generated from destination (Branch). Of course, the destination line
71 is ringing simultaneously.
2. Destination is a FXO device, Port_1 has connected to PSTN Line.
usr/config$ bureau -hotline 1 200.168.4.69 82265699
User picks up the Line1, and then hears the ringback tone generated from destination.
Simultaneously, 82265699 numbers is the destination, which is dialed from Port_1
(Above FXO example is subject to the FXO configurations, such as 2nd dial ON or
OFF.)
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6.20. [rom]
ROM file information and firmware upgrade function.
usr/config$ rom
ROM files updating commands
Usage:
rom [-print] [-app] [-boot] [-dsptest] [-dspcore] [-dspapp]
[-ht] [-method used] [-boot2m]
-s TFTP/FTP server ip -f filename
rom -print
-print
show versions of rom files. (optional)
-app
update main application code(optional)
-boot
update main boot code(optional)
-boot2m
update 2M code(optional)
-ht
update Hold Tone PCM file(optional)
-dsptest update DSP testing code(optional)
-dspcore update DSP kernel code(optional)
-dspapp
update DSP application code(optional)
-s
IP address of TFTP/FTP server (mandatory)
-f
file name(mandatory)
-method
download via TFTP/FTP (TFTP: mode=0, FTP: mode=1)
-ftp
specify username and password for FTP
Note:
This command can run select one option in 'app', 'boot',
, 'dsptest', 'dspcore', and 'dspapp'.
Example:
rom -method 1
rom -ftp vwusr vwusr
rom -app -s 192.168.4.101 -f app.bin
Parameter Usage:
Shows the current settings
-print
-app
update application program code
-boot
update boot code
-boot2m
Includes APP and Boot code
-ht
update Hold Tone PCM file(optional)
-dsptest
update DSP testing code(optional)
-dspcore
update DSP kernel code(optional)
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-dspapp
update DSP application code(optional)
-s
To specify TFTP / FTP server IP address for upgrading
-f
To specify the target file name, this will replace the old one.
-method
To decide using TFTP or FTP as file transfer server.
TFTP = 0 , FTP = 1
-ftp
If users choose FTP in above item, it is necessary to specify
pre-defined username and password when upgrading files.
In computing, firmware is software that is embedded in a hardware device, that allows
reading and executing the software, but does not allow modification, e.g., writing or
deleting data by an end user. Flash memory is non-volatile, which means that it
stores information on a silicon chip in a way that does not need power to maintain the
information in the chip. This means that if you turn off the power to the chip, the
information is retained without consuming any power.
When we release the new firmware, you can download the file and write it into
Gateway’s Flash Memory by rom command. You can change your Gateway from SIP
to H323 by load the H323 ROM file, also you can change it back to SIP by load the SIP
ROM file as well.
Note:
Be very careful when you upgrade the new firmware, make sure you downloaded the
correct file for your model. Wrong file may cause serious damage.
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6.21. [passwd]
For security concern, users have to input the password before entering configuration
mode. [passwd] command is for password setting purpose.
usr/config$ passwd
Password setting information and configuration
Usage:
passwd -set Loginname Password
passwd -clean
Note:
1. Loginname can be only 'root' or 'administrator'
2. passwd -clean will clear all passwd stored in flash,
please use it with care.
Example:
passwd -set root Your_Passwd_Setting
Parameter Usage:
Set login name and password, input login name then input new
-set
password.
-clean
Clear all password setup, and change null.
Note:
Gateway Login name only use root or administrator. Both accounts have the same
authorization, except commands that can be executed by login name root only
[passwd -set root], [rom -boot], [room -boot2m] and [flash -clean].
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6.22. [line]
It shows Gateway Lines status
usr/config$ line
Gateway line information and configuration
Usage:
line -print
Gateway line information.
Example:
line -print
Parameter Usage:
Display all the lines status
-print
Example
usr/config$ line -print
Line information and configuration
Line Reg. Status
=================
1
No
Ready
2
No
Ready
3
No
Ready
4
No
Ready
The Reg. shows the Gateway in Proxy mode, and has registered on the server.
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6.23. [prefix]
Prefix drop/insert information manipulation
usr/config$ prefix
Prefix drop/insert information and configuration
Usage:
prefix -add [prefix number][drop number][insert digits]
prefix -delete index
prefix -modify index [prefix number][drop number][insert number]
prefix -print
Prefix drop/insert information.
prefix
The prefix of dialed number.
drop
Drop prefix(Enable:1/Disable:0).
insert
Insert digits.
Example:
prefix -add prefix 100 drop 1 insert 2000
prefix -add prefix 100 drop 1
prefix -add prefix 100 drop 0 insert 200
prefix -delete 1
prefix -modify 1 prefix 100 drop 0 insert 300
Parameter Usage:
Add a rule to drop or insert prefix digits of incoming call.
-add
prefix : Set which prefix number to implement prefix rule.
drop : Enable or disable drop function. If this function is enabled,
Gateway will drop prefix number on incoming call.
insert : Set which digit to insert on incoming call.
-modify
Modify a rule to drop or insert prefix digits of incoming call.
-delete
Delete a rule to drop or insert prefix digits of incoming call.
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