Vaisala DRYCAP DMT345 User`s guide

USER'S GUIDE
Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint Transmitters
DMT345 and DMT346
M210762EN-G
PUBLISHED BY
Vaisala Oyj
P.O. Box 26
FI-00421 Helsinki
Finland
Phone (int.): +358 9 8949 1
Fax:
+358 9 8949 2227
Visit our Internet pages at www.vaisala.com.
© Vaisala 2014
No part of this manual may be reproduced, published or publicly displayed in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical (including photocopying), nor may its
contents be modified, translated, adapted, sold or disclosed to a third party without prior
written permission of the copyright holder. Translated manuals and translated portions
of multilingual documents are based on the original English versions. In ambiguous
cases, the English versions are applicable, not the translations.
The contents of this manual are subject to change without prior notice.
This manual does not create any legally binding obligations for Vaisala towards
customers or end users. All legally binding obligations and agreements are included
exclusively in the applicable supply contract or the General Conditions of Sale and
General Conditions of Service of Vaisala.
_________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION .......................................................................... 13
About This Manual ................................................................. 13
Contents of This Manual ..................................................... 13
Version Information ............................................................. 14
Related Manuals ................................................................. 14
Documentation Conventions ............................................... 14
Safety ....................................................................................... 15
ESD Protection .................................................................... 15
Recycling ................................................................................ 16
Regulatory Compliances ....................................................... 16
EU Declaration of Conformity.............................................. 16
Transmitters with LAN or WLAN Interface .......................... 16
Transmitters with WLAN Interface ...................................... 17
Patent Notice .......................................................................... 17
Trademarks ............................................................................. 17
Software License .................................................................... 18
Warranty .................................................................................. 18
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW ................................................................................ 19
Introduction to DMT345 and DMT346 ................................... 19
Basic Features and Options ................................................ 21
Operating Principle .............................................................. 21
Structure of the Transmitter ................................................ 22
Probes and Cooling Set ...................................................... 24
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................ 25
Selecting Location ................................................................. 25
Mounting the Housing ........................................................... 25
Standard Mounting without Mounting Plate ........................ 25
Wall Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit ................................. 26
Mounting with DIN Rail Installation Kit ................................ 29
Pole Installation with Installation Kit for Pole or Pipeline .... 30
Mounting Rain Shield with Installation Kit ........................... 31
Panel Mounting Frame ........................................................ 31
DMT345 Probe Mounting ....................................................... 33
Installation with Flange ........................................................ 33
DMT346 Probe and Cooling Set Mounting........................... 34
Description of the Cooling Set............................................. 35
Parts of the Cooling Set ................................................. 36
General Probe and Cooling Set Mounting Instructions ....... 37
Probe and Cooling Set Mounting with Process Shut
Down .............................................................................. 39
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 3
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Probe and Cooling Set Mounting with Process
Running .......................................................................... 39
Removing the Transmitter for Maintenance ................... 39
Wiring ....................................................................................... 40
Cable Bushings ................................................................... 40
Cable Grounding ................................................................. 41
Transmitter Housing Grounding .......................................... 42
Signal and Power Supply Wiring ......................................... 42
Connections to a 24 VAC Power Supply ............................. 44
Optional Modules.................................................................... 45
Power Supply Module.......................................................... 45
Installation ...................................................................... 46
Warnings ........................................................................ 47
Galvanic Isolation of Power Supply ..................................... 50
Third Analog Output ............................................................ 50
Installation and Wiring .................................................... 51
Alarm Relays ....................................................................... 52
Installation and Wiring .................................................... 52
Selecting Relay Activation State .................................... 52
RS-422/485 Interface .......................................................... 53
Installation and Wiring .................................................... 54
LAN Interface ....................................................................... 58
WLAN Interface ................................................................... 59
Attaching the WLAN Antenna......................................... 60
Data Logger Module ............................................................ 60
8-Pin Connector ................................................................... 62
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION ................................................................................................. 63
Getting Started ........................................................................ 63
Display/Keypad ....................................................................... 64
Basic Display ....................................................................... 64
Graphic History .................................................................... 65
Menus and Navigation ......................................................... 67
Changing the Language ................................................. 68
Rounding Setting ............................................................ 68
Display Backlight Setting ................................................ 68
Display Contrast Setting ................................................. 69
Using Display/Keypad ............................................... 69
Using Serial Line ....................................................... 69
Keypad Lock (Keyguard) ................................................ 69
Menu PIN Lock ............................................................... 70
Factory Settings ................................................................... 70
Display Alarms..................................................................... 71
Configuring a Display Alarm ........................................... 72
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 73
MI70 Link Program for Data Handling .................................. 75
Serial Line Communication ................................................... 76
User Port Connection .......................................................... 77
User Port Operating Modes............................................ 77
Service Port Connection ...................................................... 78
Connection Cables ......................................................... 78
Installing the Driver for the USB Cable .......................... 78
Using the Service Port .................................................... 79
LAN Communication .............................................................. 80
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IP Configuration .................................................................. 80
Using Display/Keypad .................................................... 81
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 82
Wireless LAN Configuration ................................................ 83
Using Display/Keypad .................................................... 84
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 85
Communication Protocol ..................................................... 86
Web Configuration for LAN and WLAN ............................... 86
Terminal Program Settings ................................................. 87
Opening a Serial/USB Connection................................. 88
Opening a Telnet Session (LAN/WLAN) ........................ 89
List of Serial Commands ..................................................... 90
Getting Measurement Message from Serial Line................ 93
Starting Continuous Outputting ...................................... 93
R................................................................................ 93
Stopping Continuous Outputting .................................... 93
S ................................................................................ 93
Outputting Reading Once .............................................. 94
Assign an Alias for the SEND Command ...................... 94
Outputting Reading Once From All Transmitters ........... 95
Communicating with a Transmitter in POLL Mode ............. 95
OPEN ............................................................................. 95
CLOSE ........................................................................... 95
Formatting Serial Line Message ......................................... 96
FTIME and FDATE......................................................... 96
FST................................................................................. 96
General Settings ..................................................................... 97
Changing Quantities and Units ........................................... 97
Using Display/Keypad .................................................... 97
Using Serial Line ............................................................ 98
FORM ............................................................................. 98
UNIT ............................................................................. 100
Pressure Compensation Setting ....................................... 100
Using Display/Keypad .................................................. 101
Using Buttons on Motherboard .................................... 101
Using Serial Line .......................................................... 102
XPRES and PRES .................................................. 102
Date and Time ................................................................... 103
Using Display/Keypad .................................................. 103
Using Serial Line .......................................................... 103
Data Filtering ..................................................................... 104
FILT .............................................................................. 105
Device Information ............................................................ 106
? ................................................................................... 106
LIGHT ........................................................................... 107
HELP ............................................................................ 108
ERRS ........................................................................... 108
MODS .......................................................................... 108
VERS ........................................................................... 109
Resetting the Device ......................................................... 109
Locking Menu/Keypad Using Serial Line .......................... 109
LOCK ........................................................................... 109
Serial Output Settings.......................................................... 110
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 110
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 111
SERI ............................................................................. 111
SMODE ........................................................................ 112
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User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
ADDR ........................................................................... 112
INTV ............................................................................. 113
SDELAY ....................................................................... 113
ECHO ........................................................................... 113
Data Recording ..................................................................... 114
Selecting Data Recording Quantities ................................ 114
DSEL ............................................................................ 114
View Recorded Data.......................................................... 115
DIR ............................................................................... 115
PLAY ............................................................................ 116
Deleting Recorded Files .................................................... 117
UNDELETE .................................................................. 117
Analog Output Settings ....................................................... 118
Changing Output Mode and Range................................... 118
Analog Output Quantities .................................................. 119
AMODE/ASEL .............................................................. 120
Analog Output Tests .......................................................... 121
ITEST ........................................................................... 121
Analog Output Fault Indication Setting .............................. 122
AERR............................................................................ 122
Extend Analog Output Range ............................................ 123
Operation of Relays .............................................................. 123
Quantity for Relay Output .................................................. 123
Measurement-Based Relay Output Modes ....................... 123
Relay Setpoints ............................................................ 123
Hysteresis ..................................................................... 125
Relay Indicating Transmitter Error Status ......................... 125
Enabling/Disabling Relays ................................................. 127
Indication Led Operation ................................................... 127
Setting Relay Outputs........................................................ 127
RSEL ............................................................................ 128
Testing Operation of Relays .............................................. 130
RTEST .......................................................................... 130
Sensor Functions ................................................................. 131
AutoCal .............................................................................. 131
Automatic AutoCal ........................................................ 131
Manual AutoCal ............................................................ 131
Sensor Purge ..................................................................... 132
Starting and Configuring Sensor Purge............................. 133
Using Display/Keypad (Optional) ................................. 133
Using Serial Line .......................................................... 134
PURGE .................................................................... 134
PUR ......................................................................... 134
Sensor Warming ................................................................ 135
CHAPTER 5
MODBUS .................................................................................................... 137
Overview of Modbus Protocol Support .............................. 137
Taking Modbus into Use .................................................... 138
Enabling Serial Modbus ....................................................... 139
Using Display/Keypad (Optional) ...................................... 139
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 139
Enabling Ethernet Modbus .................................................. 140
Using Display/Keypad (Optional) ...................................... 140
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 142
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Diagnostic Modbus Counters ............................................. 143
Viewing Counters Using Display/Keypad .......................... 143
Viewing Counters Using Service Port ............................... 143
Disabling Modbus ................................................................ 144
CHAPTER 6
MAINTENANCE ......................................................................................... 145
Periodic Maintenance .......................................................... 145
Cleaning ............................................................................ 145
Changing the Cooling Set Filter ........................................ 145
Error States ....................................................................... 146
Technical Support ................................................................ 148
Product Returns ................................................................... 148
CHAPTER 7
CALIBRATION AND ADJUSTMENT......................................................... 149
Calibration ............................................................................. 149
User Calibration and Adjustment ...................................... 149
Opening and Closing Adjustment Mode ........................... 150
Adjustment Information ..................................................... 151
CTEXT and CDATE ..................................................... 151
Two-Point Relative Humidity Adjustment .......................... 152
Using Display/Keypad ....................................................... 152
Using Serial Line ............................................................... 153
FCRH ........................................................................... 153
One-Point Dewpoint Adjustment ........................................ 155
One-Point Dewpoint Adjustment Using Display/Keypad .. 155
One-point Dewpoint Adjustment Using Serial Line ........... 156
Adjusting Temperature ........................................................ 157
Adjusting Temperature Using Display/Keypad ................. 157
Adjusting Temperature Using Serial Line ......................... 158
CT................................................................................. 158
Adjusting Analog Outputs ................................................... 159
Adjusting Analog Outputs Using Display/Keypad ............. 159
Adjusting Analog Outputs Using Serial Line ..................... 160
ACAL ............................................................................ 160
CHAPTER 8
TECHNICAL DATA .................................................................................... 161
Specifications ....................................................................... 161
Performance ...................................................................... 161
Technical Specifications of Optional Modules .................. 166
Power Supply Module .................................................. 166
Analog Output Module ................................................. 166
Relay Module ............................................................... 166
RS-485 Module ............................................................ 167
LAN Interface Module .................................................. 167
WLAN Interface Module ............................................... 167
Data Logger Module..................................................... 167
Spare Parts and Accessories .............................................. 168
Dimensions (mm/inch) ......................................................... 169
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 7
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
APPENDIX A
EXAMPLE INSTALLATION OF DMT346 .................................................. 171
APPENDIX B
CALCULATION FORMULAS ..................................................................... 173
APPENDIX C
MODBUS REFERENCE ............................................................................. 177
Function Codes..................................................................... 177
Register Map ......................................................................... 178
Data Encoding ................................................................... 178
32-Bit Floating Point Format......................................... 178
16-Bit Integer Format ................................................... 179
Measurement Data (Read-Only) ....................................... 180
Status Registers (Read-Only) ........................................... 181
Configuration Registers ..................................................... 181
Exception Status Outputs .................................................... 182
Diagnostic Sub-Functions ................................................... 183
Device Identification Objects .............................................. 184
Exception Responses .......................................................... 184
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List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
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Figure 32
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Figure 36
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Figure 38
Figure 39
Figure 40
Figure 41
Figure 42
Figure 43
Figure 44
Figure 45
Figure 46
Figure 47
Figure 48
Figure 49
Figure 50
Figure 51
Figure 52
Figure 53
Figure 54
Transmitter Body ...................................................................... 22
Inside the Transmitter............................................................... 23
Probes, Cooling Set ................................................................. 24
Standard Mounting ................................................................... 25
Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit .............................................. 26
Dimensions of the Plastic Mounting Plate (mm/inch) ............... 26
Mounting with Metal Wall Mounting Plate ................................ 27
Dimensions of the Metal Mounting Plate (in mm) .................... 28
Mounting with DIN Rail Installation Kit ..................................... 29
Vertical Pole Installation ........................................................... 30
Horizontal Pole Installation ....................................................... 30
Mounting the Rain Shield with Installation Kit .......................... 31
Panel Mounting Frame ............................................................. 32
Panel Mounting Dimensions (mm/inch) ................................... 32
DMT345 Probe Dimensions (mm/inch) .................................... 33
Flange Installation Kit ............................................................... 33
DMT346 Probe Dimensions (in mm) ........................................ 34
Cooling Set Dimensions (in mm).............................................. 35
Measurement Ranges with and without the Cooling Fins ........ 36
Parts of the Cooling Set (Dimensions in mm) .......................... 36
Mounting Flange Dimensions (in mm) ..................................... 37
Installing the Probe through Process Wall ............................... 38
Installing Probe through Thick Walls ........................................ 38
Cable Bushings ........................................................................ 40
Grounding the Screen of Electrical Cable ................................ 41
Screw Terminal Block on the Motherboard .............................. 42
Connections to 24 VAC Power Supply..................................... 44
Power Supply Module .............................................................. 45
Galvanic Isolation Module ........................................................ 50
Third Analog Output ................................................................. 50
Third Analog Output Selection ................................................. 51
Relay Module ........................................................................... 53
RS-422/485 Module ................................................................. 54
4-Wire RS-485 Bus Connections, Part A ................................. 56
2-Wire RS-485 Bus .................................................................. 57
LAN Interface Module............................................................... 58
WLAN Interface Module ........................................................... 59
Data Logger Module ................................................................. 61
Pinout of the Optional 8-Pin Connector.................................... 62
Basic Display ............................................................................ 64
Graphical Display ..................................................................... 65
Graphical Display with Data Logger ......................................... 66
Main Views ............................................................................... 67
Alarm Limit Shown on Graph Screen ....................................... 71
Display Alarm Active ................................................................ 71
Display Alarms ......................................................................... 72
Modifying an Alarm Limit .......................................................... 73
Service Port Connector and User Port Terminal on the
Motherboard ............................................................................. 76
Connection Example between PC Serial Port and User Port .. 77
Network Interface Menu ........................................................... 81
IP Configuration Menu.............................................................. 81
Wireless LAN Settings .............................................................. 84
Entering Network SSID ............................................................ 84
Selecting the Wireless Network Type ...................................... 84
VAISALA _________________________________________________________________________ 9
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Figure 55
Figure 56
Figure 57
Figure 58
Figure 59
Figure 60
Figure 61
Figure 62
Figure 63
Figure 64
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Figure 66
Figure 67
Figure 68
Figure 69
Figure 70
Figure 71
Figure 72
Figure 73
Figure 74
Figure 75
Figure 76
Figure 77
Figure 78
Figure 79
Figure 80
Figure 81
Figure 82
Figure 83
Web Configuration Interface for WLAN .................................... 87
Opening a Serial Connection.................................................... 88
Opening a Telnet Connection ................................................... 89
Pressure Set Buttons on Motherboard ................................... 101
Device Information on Display ................................................ 106
Current/Voltage Switches of Output Modules ........................ 118
Measurement-Based Relay Output Modes ............................ 124
FAULT/ONLINE STATUS Relay Output Modes ..................... 126
Relay Availability..................................................................... 128
Following AutoCal on the Display ........................................... 132
Sensor Purge Settings ............................................................ 133
Performing Sensor Purge ....................................................... 133
Serial Interface Settings ......................................................... 139
IP Configuration ...................................................................... 141
Wireless LAN Settings ............................................................ 141
Communication Protocol ........................................................ 141
Modbus Counters ................................................................... 143
Error Indicator and Error Message ......................................... 146
Inserting the Sensor in Reference Humidity 1 ........................ 152
Waiting for Readings to Stabilize............................................ 152
Following Stabilization ............................................................ 155
Proceeding with T d/f Adjustment ............................................ 155
Completing T d/f Adjustment.................................................... 156
Dewpoint Measurement Accuracy Graph DMT345 ................ 161
Dewpoint Measurement Accuracy Graph DMT346 ................ 163
DMT345/346 Transmitter Body Dimensions .......................... 169
WLAN Antenna Dimensions ................................................... 170
Cooling Set Installation ........................................................... 171
Insulation with Mineral Wool ................................................... 172
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List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17
Table 18
Table 19
Table 20
Table 21
Table 22
Table 23
Table 24
Table 25
Table 26
Table 27
Table 28
Table 29
Table 30
Table 31
Table 32
Table 33
Table 34
Table 35
Table 36
Table 37
Table 38
Table 39
Table 40
Table 41
Table 42
Table 43
Table 44
Table 45
Table 46
Table 47
Table 48
Table 49
Table 50
Table 51
Table 52
Manual Revisions ..................................................................... 14
Related Manuals ...................................................................... 14
Output Quantities for DMT345 ................................................. 20
Optional Output Quantities and for DMT345 ............................ 20
Output Quantities for DMT346 ................................................. 20
Connecting Twisted Pair Wires to Screw Terminals ............... 55
4-Wire (Switch 3: On) ............................................................... 56
2-Wire (Switch 3: Off) ............................................................... 57
Observation Periods and Resolution........................................ 60
Wiring of the Optional 8-Pin Connector.................................... 62
Periods for Trend and Max/Min Calculations ........................... 65
Graph Information Messages ................................................... 66
ALSEL Parameters................................................................... 74
Default Serial Communication Settings for User Port .............. 77
Communication Settings for the Service Port .......................... 79
IP Settings for the LAN and WLAN Interfaces ......................... 80
Wireless LAN Settings .............................................................. 83
Measurement Commands ........................................................ 90
Formatting Commands ............................................................. 90
Data Recording Commands ..................................................... 91
Purge Commands .................................................................... 91
Autocalibration Commands ...................................................... 91
Calibration and Adjustment Commands................................... 91
Setting and Testing the Analog Outputs .................................. 91
Setting and Testing the Relays ................................................ 91
Other Commands ..................................................................... 92
FORM Command Modifiers...................................................... 99
Conversion Factors for Pressure Units .................................. 102
Filtering Levels ....................................................................... 104
Selection of Output Modes ..................................................... 112
Relay State Examples ............................................................ 127
Supported Modbus Variants ................................................... 137
Error Messages ...................................................................... 147
Indicator Led Functions .......................................................... 150
Dewpoint Specifications DMT345 .......................................... 161
Temperature Specifications DMT345 ..................................... 162
Relative Humidity Specifications DMT345 ............................. 162
Mixing Ratio Specifications DMT345 ..................................... 162
Dewpoint Specifications DMT346 .......................................... 162
Mixing Ratio Specifications DMT346 ..................................... 163
Operating Environment Specifications (Both Models) ........... 163
Inputs and Outputs Specifications (Both Models) .................. 164
Mechanics Specifications (Both Models) ............................... 165
Standard Probe Cable Lengths and Approximate Transmitter
Weight (in kg/lb) ..................................................................... 165
Spare Parts and Accessories ................................................. 168
Supported Function Codes..................................................... 177
DMT345/346 Modbus Register Blocks................................... 178
Measurement Data Registers................................................. 180
Status Registers ..................................................................... 181
Configuration Parameter Registers ........................................ 181
Configuration Flag Registers .................................................. 182
Exception Status Outputs ....................................................... 182
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 11
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Table 53
Table 54
Table 55
Modbus Diagnostics ............................................................... 183
Modbus Device Identification.................................................. 184
Modbus Exception Responses ............................................... 184
12 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This chapter provides general notes for the manual and the product.
About This Manual
This manual provides information for installing, operating, and
maintaining Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint Transmitters DMT345 and
DMT346.
Contents of This Manual
This manual consists of the following chapters:
- Chapter 1, General Information, provides general notes for the manual
and the product.
- Chapter 2, Product Overview, introduces the features and advantages
of the Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint Transmitters DMT345 and
DMT346.
- Chapter 3, Installation, provides you with information that is intended
to help you install this product.
- Chapter 4, Operation, contains information that is needed to operate
this product.
- Chapter 5, Modbus, contains information that is needed when
operating the transmitter using the Modbus protocol.
- Chapter 6, Maintenance, provides information that is needed in basic
maintenance of the product. Possible error states and situations, their
probable causes and remedies are described in this chapter. This
chapter also contains contact information for Vaisala Technical
Support.
- Chapter 7, Calibration and Adjustment, provides you with instructions
on how to calibrate and adjust Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint
Transmitters DMT345 and DMT346.
- Chapter 8, Technical Data, provides the technical data of the product.
- Appendix A, Example Installation of DMT346, illustrates an example
installation of DMT346 transmitter into a process.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 13
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
- Appendix B, Calculation Formulas, contains the formulas used for the
calculated output quantities.
- Appendix C, Modbus Reference, describes the Modbus functions and
data of the transmitter.
Version Information
Table 1
Manual Revisions
Manual Code
M210726EN-G
M210726EN-F
M210726EN-E
Description
June 2014. This manual. Added Sensor Saturation
Rate (SSR) and Sensor Temperature (Ts) to the list
of Modbus registers, corrected the screenshot in
completing T d/f adjustment, small corrections.
December 2013. Previous version. Added new
command descriptions: ALSEL, AOVER, CON,
DSEND, and MODS. Updated FILT command
description. Updated technical specification. Various
small corrections.
Applicable from transmitter software version 5.10
onward. Added Modbus protocol. Updated serial
line command descriptions. Updated storage
temperature range.
Related Manuals
Table 2
Manual Code
M010091EN
M210185EN
Related Manuals
Manual Name
Vaisala DRYCAP® Hand-Held Dewpoint Meter
DM70 User's Guide
Humidity Calibrator HMK15 User's Guide
Documentation Conventions
Throughout the manual, important safety considerations are highlighted
as follows:
WARNING Warning alerts you to a serious hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions very carefully at this point, there is a risk of injury or even
death.
CAUTION
Caution warns you of a potential hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions carefully at this point, the product could be damaged or
important data could be lost.
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Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
NOTE
Note highlights important information on using the product.
Safety
The DMT345/346 Dewpoint and Temperature Transmitter delivered to
you has been tested for safety and approved as shipped from the factory.
Note the following precautions:
WARNING Ground the product, and verify outdoor installation grounding
periodically to minimize shock hazard.
CAUTION
Do not modify the unit. Improper modification can damage the product,
lead to malfunction, or make the product noncompliant with applicable
legislation.
ESD Protection
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can cause immediate or latent damage to
electronic circuits. Vaisala products are adequately protected against
ESD for their intended use. However, it is possible to damage the product
by delivering electrostatic discharges when touching, removing, or
inserting any objects inside the equipment housing.
To make sure you are not delivering high static voltages yourself:
- Handle ESD sensitive components on a properly grounded and
protected ESD workbench. When this is not possible, ground yourself
to the equipment chassis before touching the boards. Ground yourself
with a wrist strap and a resistive connection cord. When neither of the
above is possible, touch a conductive part of the equipment chassis
with your other hand before touching the boards.
- Always hold the boards by the edges and avoid touching the
component contacts.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 15
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Recycling
Recycle all applicable material.
Dispose of the unit according to statutory regulations. Do not dispose of
with regular household refuse.
Regulatory Compliances
EU Declaration of Conformity
Vaisala DRYCAP® Humidity and Temperature Transmitters DMT345
and DMT346 are in conformity with the provisions of the following EU
directives:
- Low Voltage Directive
- EMC-Directive
Conformity is shown by compliance with the following standards:
- EN 60950-1
- EN 61326-1: Electrical equipment for measurement, control, and
laboratory use – EMC requirements – for use in industrial locations.
- EN 550022: Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance
characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement.
Transmitters with LAN or WLAN Interface
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that
may cause undesired operation of the device.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
16 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 1 _________________________________________________________ General Information
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Transmitters with WLAN Interface
This device has been designed to operate with a 2 dBi half-wave antenna.
Antennas with a gain greater than 2 dBi are prohibited for use with this
device. The antenna impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and
its gain should be so chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated
power (EIRP) is not more than that permitted for successful
communication.
This Class [B] digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe [B] est conforme à la norme NMB003 du Canada.
Patent Notice
Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint Transmitters DMT345 and DMT346 are
protected by, for example, the following patents and their corresponding
national rights:
Finnish patents 98861 and 99164, French patents 6650303 and 9504397,
German patents 69418174 and 19513274, Japanese patents 3585973 and
2801156, UK patents 0665303 and 2288465, and U.S. patent 5607564.
Trademarks
DRYCAP® is a registered trademark of Vaisala Oyj.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 17
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Software License
This product contains software developed by Vaisala. Use of the software
is governed by license terms and conditions included in the applicable
supply contract or, in the absence of separate license terms and
conditions, by the General License Conditions of Vaisala Group.
Warranty
Visit our Internet pages for standard warranty terms and conditions:
www.vaisala.com/warranty.
Please observe that any such warranty may not be valid in case of
damage due to normal wear and tear, exceptional operating conditions,
negligent handling or installation, or unauthorized modifications. Please
see the applicable supply contract or Conditions of Sale for details of the
warranty for each product.
18 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This chapter introduces the features and advantages of the Vaisala
DRYCAP® Dewpoint Transmitters DMT345 and DMT346.
Introduction to DMT345 and DMT346
The DMT345 and DMT346 transmitters incorporate the advanced
Vaisala DRYCAP® technology, which enables reliable and accurate
dewpoint measurement. Both transmitters also feature the AutoCal
function which provides excellent long term stability of the
measurement.
The DMT345 is designed for measurement of relative humidity in
temperatures up to 180 °C. The transmitter outputs dewpoint/frostpoint
(Td/f), mixing ratio (x), volume concentration (ppm), relative humidity
(RH), and temperature (T).
The DMT346 is a high-performance instrument for measurement of
dewpoint and mixing ratio in temperatures up to 350 °C.
DMT346 also outputs sensor saturation rate (SSR) and temperature
(TS = TSensor) of the cooled Vaisala DRYCAP® sensor. Because the
sensor is cooled, these values do not represent true process conditions,
hence they cannot be used for process control. Nevertheless, they provide
a valuable aid for calibration and for checking the cooling effect.
For quantities measured by DMT345, see Table 3 on page 20. For the
optional calculated quantities measured by DMT345, see Table 4 on page
20.
For quantities measured and calculated by DMT36, see Table 5 on page
20.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 19
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Table 3
Output Quantities for DMT345
Quantity
Dewpoint/frost point temperature (Td/f )
Mixing ratio (x)
Relative humidity RH
Temperature T
Table 4
Quantity
Dewpoint temperature (Td/f)
Mixing ratio (x)
Sensor saturation rate
Sensor temperature
Metric Unit
ºC
g/kg
%RH
ºC
Non-Metric Unit
ºF
gr/lb
%RH
ºF
Optional Output Quantities and for DMT345
Quantity
Parts per million
Absolute humidity (a)
Absolute humidity in standard pressure and
temperature (NTP)
Wet bulb temperature (Tw)
Water vapor pressure (Pw )
Water vapor saturation pressure (Pws)
Enthalpy (h)
Difference of T and Td/f (∆T)
Table 5
Abbreviation
TDF
X
RH
T
Abbreviation
H2O
A
ANTP
Metric Unit
ppmv/ ppmw
3
g/m
3
g/m
Non-Metric Unit
ppmv/ ppmw
3
gr/ft
3
gr/ft
TW
PW
PWS
H
DT
ºC
hPa
hPa
kJ/kg
ºC
ºF
2
lb/in
2
lb/in
Btu/lb
ºF
Output Quantities for DMT346
Abbreviation
TDF
X
SSR
TS
Metric Unit
ºC
g/kg
%
ºC
Non-Metric Unit
ºF
gr/lb
ºF
20 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
Basic Features and Options
-
-
Dewpoint measurement with AutoCal and sensor purge features
Sensor warming in high humidities
Two analog outputs and a serial interface, optional third analog output
Installation accessories
- DMT345: mounting flange
- DMT346: cooling set for high temperature applications.
User friendly display and keypad interface (optional)
Different sensor protection options and probe cable lengths
Support for Modbus serial communications protocol
USB connectivity for service connections via the optional
USB-RJ45 cable
Optional modules:
- Galvanic isolation for outputs
- Power supply module for AC mains power
- RS-422/485-module
- LAN and WLAN interfaces
- Data logger module with real time clock
- Additional analog output module
- Alarm relay module
Operating Principle
The DMT345/346 transmitter incorporates the Vaisala DRYCAP®
sensor together with a combined temperature measurement with a PT100
resistive temperature sensor. The operating principle of the DRYCAP®
sensor is based on the changes in capacitance as its thin polymer film
absorbs water molecules.
The DMT345/346 transmitter measures water vapor directly and gives
thus accurate results of moisture in the process. In DMT346, the sensor is
cooled down with a cooling set which makes it possible to use a polymer
sensor in very high temperatures, for example, +100 ... +350 °C. With
this technique, no complicated sampling systems are needed. The cooling
set is thermally isolated from the process itself. The temperature of the
sensor is cooled down which increases the sensor saturation rate.
Sensor saturation rate and temperature are then measured, and the
transmitter calculates the dewpoint and the mixing ratio on the basis of
those readings.
Note that for DMT346, SSR and temperature values do not represent the
process itself as they are measured after cooling. Dewpoint and mixing
ratio, however, are independent of temperature and remain unchanged.
The dewpoint measurement range is -25 ... +100 °C.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 21
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Structure of the Transmitter
1104-001
Figure 1
Transmitter Body
The following numbers refer to Figure 1 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Signal + powering cable gland
Cable gland for optional module, or WLAN antenna connector
Cable gland for optional module or AC mains cable
Cover screw (4 pcs)
Display with keypad (optional)
Cover LED
22 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 2 ___________________________________________________________ Product Overview
0604-006
Figure 2
Inside the Transmitter
The following numbers refer to Figure 2 above:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
5
6
7
8
9
10
=
=
=
=
=
=
Service port (RS-232)
Dip switches for analog output settings
Power supply and signal wiring screw terminals
Relay, data logger, RS-422/485, LAN, or WLAN module
(optional)
Grounding connector
Power supply module (optional)
Relay, data logger, or analog output module (optional)
Dewpoint probe
Galvanic isolation module (optional)
Adjustment button and Manual AutoCal buttons with indicator
LED and pressure set buttons.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 23
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Probes and Cooling Set
0604-007
Figure 3
Probes, Cooling Set
Figure 3 above shows from left to right: DMT345 probe, DMT346 probe
and the cooling set. For probe cable lengths, see Table 44 on page 165.
*)
=
Optional mounting flange for DMT345 probe
24 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION
This chapter provides you with information that is intended to help you
install this product.
Selecting Location
Finding a suitable site for the dewpoint measurement probe is important
for getting representative process or environmental measurements. The
location of the probe should provide a good representation of the area of
interest. Also select a location that is as clean as possible. Air should
circulate freely around the sensor.
Mounting the Housing
The housing can be mounted either without the mounting plate or with
optional mounting plates.
Standard Mounting without Mounting
Plate
Mount the housing without the mounting plate by fastening the
transmitter to the wall with 4 screws, for example, M6 (not provided).
0804-066
Figure 4
Standard Mounting
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 25
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Wall Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit
When mounting with wall mounting kit the mounting plate (Vaisala
order code: 214829) can be installed directly on wall or onto a standard
wall box (also US junction box). When wiring through back wall, remove
the plastic plug from the wiring hole in the transmitter before mounting.
0604-009
Figure 5
Mounting with Wall Mounting Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 5 above:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
5
=
Plastic mounting plate
Mount the plate to wall with 4 screws M6 (not provided)
Arched side up
Fasten the transmitter to the mounting plate with 4 fixing
screws M3 (provided)
Holes for wall/junction box mounting
183 (7.20)
Ø6.2 (0.24)
59 (2.32)
8.5 (0.33)
6.5 (0.26)
10.5 (0.41)
84 (3.30)
104 (4.09)
116 (4.57)
4.5 (0.18)
133 (5.24)
Thickness
9.5 (0.37)
59 (2.32)
0804-065
Figure 6
Dimensions of the Plastic Mounting Plate (mm/inch)
26 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Metal mounting plate is included in rain shield with installation kit and
installation kit for pole or pipeline.
0604-011
Figure 7
Mounting with Metal Wall Mounting Plate
The following numbers refer to Figure 7 above:
1
2
=
=
3
=
Mount the plate to wall with 4 screws M8 (not provided)
Fasten the transmitter to the mounting plate with 4 fixing screws
M6 (provided)
Note the position of the arrow when mounting. This side must
be up when mounting.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 27
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
0604-012
Figure 8
Dimensions of the Metal Mounting Plate (in mm)
28 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Mounting with DIN Rail Installation Kit
DIN rail installation kit includes a wall mounting kit, 2 clip-fasteners and
2 screws M4 × 10 DIN 7985 (Vaisala order code: 215094).
1.
2.
3.
Attach two spring holders to the plastic mounting plate by using the
screws provided in the installation kit.
Fasten the transmitter to the plastic mounting plate with 4 screws
(provided).
Press the transmitter onto the DIN rail so that the clip-fasteners
snap into the rail.
0604-013
Figure 9
Mounting with DIN Rail Installation Kit
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 29
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Pole Installation with Installation Kit for
Pole or Pipeline
Installation kit for pole or pipeline (Vaisala order code: 215108) includes
the metal mounting plate and 4 mounting nuts for pole mounting. When
mounting, the arrow in the metal mounting plate must point upward, see
Figure 7 on page 27.
0604-014
Figure 10
Vertical Pole Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 10 above:
1
2
=
=
U-bolts (2 pcs) M8 (provided) for 30 ... 102 mm poles.
Mounting nuts M8 (4 pcs)
0604-015
Figure 11
Horizontal Pole Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 11 above:
1
=
Mounting nuts M8 (4 pcs)
30 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Mounting Rain Shield with Installation Kit
The rain shield is highly recommended for outdoor installations,
especially for transmitters with the display/keypad option.
0604-016
Figure 12
Mounting the Rain Shield with Installation Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 12 above:
1
=
2
=
3
=
Fasten the rain shield with the installation kit (Vaisala order
code: 215109) to the metal mounting plate with 2 (M6)
mounting screws (provided)
Fasten the mounting plate with rain shield with installation kit to
the wall or to the pole (see pole installation)
Fasten the transmitter to the mounting plate with 4 fixing screws
(provided)
Panel Mounting Frame
To enable a neat and dirt free embedded installation of the transmitter, a
panel mounting frame is available as an option (Vaisala order code:
216038). The frame is a thin, flexible plastic frame for the transmitter,
with adhesive tape on one side.
The frame is used to hide any rough edges of the installation hole, and
provide a more finished look. Note that the panel mounting frame is not
intended to bear the weight of the transmitter, and does not include any
mounting supports.
Use the panel mounting frame as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Use the frame as a template to mark the required size for the
installation hole in the panel.
Cut the hole in the panel.
Mount the transmitter through the panel with suitable supports.
Remove the paper protecting the adhesive tape on the frame, and
attach the frame around the transmitter. Refer to Figure 13 on page
32.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 31
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
0704-002
Figure 13
Panel Mounting Frame
The following numbers refer to Figure 13 above:
1
2
=
=
Panel (not included)
Panel mounting frame
0804-083
Figure 14
Panel Mounting Dimensions (mm/inch)
32 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
DMT345 Probe Mounting
0604-018
Figure 15
DMT345 Probe Dimensions (mm/inch)
Installation with Flange
The DMT345 is a small size (d = 12 mm) general purpose probe suitable
for installation through process or duct walls with the flange installation
kit available from Vaisala.
The duct installation kit includes a flange, a sealing ring and screws for
attaching the flange to the process or duct wall (Vaisala order code:
210696).
0604-019
Figure 16
Flange Installation Kit
The following numbers refer to Figure 16 above:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Process or duct wall
Flange
Sealing ring
Probe
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 33
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
NOTE
When the temperature difference between the process or duct and the
surroundings is large, the probe must be installed as deep in the process
or duct as possible. This prevents errors caused by heat conduction in the
probe cable.
When the DMT345/346 is installed in a process with a pressure
differing from the selected operating pressure at the time of ordering,
please enter the pressure value of the process into the transmitter
memory. You can enter the value in the following ways:
- using the display/keypad option
- using the buttons on the motherboard
- using the serial line
- using the Modbus protocol
See section Pressure Compensation Setting on page 100. If you are
using Modbus, see section Configuration Registers on page 181.
DMT346 Probe and Cooling Set Mounting
1
2
357
334.5
ø1
ø13.5
22.5
0604-020
Figure 17
DMT346 Probe Dimensions (in mm)
The following numbers refer to Figure 17 above:
1
2
=
=
Stainless steel grid
Cable (length 2 m, 5 m or 10 m)
34 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Description of the Cooling Set
304
164
112.5
40.6
ø105
ø118
ø28
ø20
ø88.9
8 15
120
27.5
sintered
filter
(fixed on top of
the cooling set)
125
cooling element
Figure 18
mounting
flange
cooling fins
Cooling Set Dimensions (in mm)
The cooling set consists of a cooling element and removable cooling fins.
The cooling fins are meant to be installed in applications where the
process temperature and dewpoint are continuously in the range indicated
in Figure 19 on page 36 (Measurement Ranges with and without the
Cooling Fins). However, if there is a possibility that the dewpoint is
above this range, the measurements have to be taken without the cooling
fins in order to avoid condensation.
The flow rate and ambient temperature have an effect on the cooling rate.
In Figure 19 on page 36, it is assumed that ambient temperature is
+25 °C. When ambient temperature is raised by +10 °C, the measurement
ranges with and without cooling fins rise approximately +6 °C.
Correspondingly, every -10 °C change in ambient temperature changes
the ranges by approximately -6 °C. It is recommended that after installing
the transmitter without the cooling fins, the transmitter is allowed to
stabilize and then the SSR reading is checked either from the local
display or with a terminal connected to an RS line. If the SSR reading is
below 20 %, it is recommended that the cooling fins are installed.
NOTE
Make sure that the upper limit of the dewpoint measurement range is not
exceeded in low temperatures as this would lead to condensation.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 35
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
When measuring temperature-dependent quantities, make sure that the
temperature at the measurement point is equal to that of the process;
otherwise, the moisture reading may be incorrect.
NOTE
0604-022
Figure 19
Measurement Ranges with and without the Cooling
Fins
Parts of the Cooling Set
A
15°
22
flange
172
104.5
cooling
profile
cooling
bush
SECTION
A-A
ø28
ø76
ø105
ø118
screen
tube
cooling
bar
flange
15
A
M6×60 DIN912
(AISI 316)
0604-023
Figure 20
Parts of the Cooling Set (Dimensions in mm)
36 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
max. 50
125
8
welding
ø105
ø118
ø88.9
ø84.9
2
lengthening
piece (pipe)
mounting
pipe
M6×16 DIN912
(AISI 316)
0605-023
Figure 21
Mounting Flange Dimensions (in mm)
General Probe and Cooling Set Mounting
Instructions
Follow these general mounting instructions to make the installation. Note
the additional instructions in the following sections regarding specific
situations (mounting with process shut down, mounting with process
running, removing the transmitter for maintenance).
Appendix A, Example Installation of DMT346 on page 171 provides
photographs of installating DMT346 transmitter through a process wall.
The probe should be installed horizontally whenever possible in order to
ensure the best possible performance of the cooling set. Install the probe
according to the following instructions (see also Figure 22 on page 38):
1.
2.
3.
4.
NOTE
Make a round 89.5 + 0.5 mm hole on the process wall.
Weld the tube of the mounting flange tightly on the inner metal
plate of the process wall. If the process wall is more than 125 mm
thick, a lengthening piece (max. 50 mm) can be welded on the
mounting tube (for walls thicker than 175 mm, see Figure 23 on
page 38).
The cooling set is mounted in a vertical position. Tighten the
screws properly in order to ensure a thermal contact.
Unfasten the locking screws on the cooling bar so that you can
push the probe into the bar.
Push the probe deep enough: make sure that the marking hole meets the
end of the bar.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 37
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
5.
Lock the probe in place by tightening the locking screws on the
bar.
sealing material
(for example,
mineral wool)
®
DRYCAP sensor
cooling
sleeve
cooling
fins
to be
welded
ø89.5 + 0.5
PROCESS
(t max = 350 °C)
mounting flange
PROBE
locking screws
of the probe
M4×6 DIN 916
(AISI 316)
120
marking
hole
O-ring FPM
125
(max. 175 mm)
protective
tube
channel with
mineral wool
8
40.6
cooling bar
0604-024
Figure 22
Installing the Probe through Process Wall
~45º
cooling
profile
NOTE:
Make sure that
the cooling profile
does not cover the
locking screws
ø118
ø89.5 + 0.5
to be welded
the flange is fixed
with screws or by
spot welding
lengthening
piece
plate ring
inner plate of the
process wall
plate pipe
< 160
wall thickness
0604-025
Figure 23
Installing Probe through Thick Walls
38 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Probe and Cooling Set Mounting with Process Shut
Down
Complete the entire mounting process as instructed on page 37.
Probe and Cooling Set Mounting with Process
Running
Follow this procedure to reduce the amount of condensation that builds
up in the installation hole.
1.
2.
First mount the cooling element (and fins) to warm it up; tightly
plug the hole for the probe in the cooling element for the duration
of the warmup period.
After a few hours, complete the installation by installing the probe.
Removing the Transmitter for Maintenance
If you remove the transmitter from the process to send it to service etc.,
leaving the cooling set in its place, make sure you plug tightly the hole
for the probe in the cooling element. This will lessen the amount of
condensation that builds up in the hole.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 39
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Wiring
Cable Bushings
A single electrical cable with a screen and three to ten wires is
recommended for power and analog/serial connections. The cable
diameter should be 8 ... 11 mm. The number of cable bushings depends
on the transmitter options. See the following recommendations for the
cable bushings:
0605-026
Figure 24
Cable Bushings
The following numbers refer to Figure 24 above:
1
2
3
NOTE
=
=
=
Cable for signal/powering Ø8 ... 11 mm
Cable for optional module Ø8 ... 11 mm
Cable for optional power module Ø8 ... 11 mm
When there is high electric noise level (for example near powerful
electric motor) in the operating environment it is recommended to use
shielded cable or take care that the signal cables are separated from other
cables.
40 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Cable Grounding
Ground the screen of the electrical cable properly to achieve the best
possible EMC performance.
0605-027
Figure 25
Grounding the Screen of Electrical Cable
Refer to Figure 25 above when performing the procedure below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Cut back outer sheath to desired length.
Cut back screen braiding or screen foil to dimension X.
Push the domed cap nut (item 1) and the seal insert with contact
socket of the gland (items 2 & 3) onto the cable as shown in the
diagram.
Bend over the screen braiding or screen foil by about 90º (item 4).
Push the seal insert with the contact socket of the gland
(items 2 & 3) up to the screen braiding or screen foil.
Mount the lower part (item 5) on the housing.
Push the seal with the contact socket of the gland (item 2 & 3) into
the lower part (item 5).
Install the domed cap nut (item 1) onto the lower part (item 5).
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 41
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Transmitter Housing Grounding
In case you need to ground the transmitter housing, the grounding
connector is found inside the housing; see Figure 1 on page 22. Note
anyhow that the probe is connected to the same potential as the housing.
Make sure that different groundings are made to the same potential.
Otherwise harmful ground currents may be generated.
If it is needed to have galvanic isolation of the power supply line from
the output signals, DMT345/346 can be ordered with optional galvanic
isolation module. This module prevents harmful grounding loops.
Signal and Power Supply Wiring
When connecting transmitter with 8-pin connector, see section 8-Pin
Connector on page 62.
0605-028
Figure 26
Screw Terminal Block on the Motherboard
The following numbers refer to Figure 26 above:
1
2
3
WARNING
=
=
=
Supply terminals POWER 10 ... 35 VDC = 24 V~
User port (RS-232 terminals)
Analog signal terminals
Make sure that you connect only de-energized wires.
42 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Open the transmitter cover by taking out the four cover screws.
Insert the power supply wires and signal wires through the cable
bushing in the bottom of the transmitter; see the grounding
instructions in the previous sections.
Connect the analog output cables to terminals: Ch1 +, Ch1-, Ch2+,
Ch2-. Connect the RS-232 user port cables to terminals RxD, GND
and TxD. See section User Port Connection on page 77.
When wiring the optional modules, see the corresponding section
for instructions:
- Installation and Wiring of RS-422/485 Interface on page 54
- Installation and Wiring of Alarm Relays on page 52
- Third Analog Output on page 50
- LAN Interface on page 58
- WLAN Interface on page 59
Connect the power supply wires to the connectors:
POWER 10 ... 35 V = 24 V∼ (+) and (–) terminals. ( If using AC
voltage, always connect phase (~) to power supply (+) and 0 to
power supply (–) ). When wiring the power supply module, see
section Power Supply Module on page 45.
Turn on the power. The indicator LED on the cover is lit
continuously during normal operation.
Close the cover and replace the cover screws. The transmitter is
ready for use.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 43
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Connections to a 24 VAC Power Supply
Separate floating supply for each transmitter is recommended (see the
upper part of Figure 27 on page 44). If you have to connect several
transmitters or other instruments to one AC supply, the phase (~) must
always be connected to the (+) connector of each transmitter (see the
lower part of Figure 27).
CAUTION
24 VAC POWER SUPPLY USE
To prevent fire and/or damage, if either 24 VAC wire is grounded or
connected to a "-", "0", or "GND" terminal of any other device, you
must connect the same wire on the "-" terminal also on this instrument.
0703-041
Figure 27
Connections to 24 VAC Power Supply
44 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Optional Modules
Power Supply Module
The mains power connection may be connected to the power supply
module only by an authorized electrician. A readily accessible disconnect
device shall be incorporated in the fixed wiring.
0605-030
Figure 28
Power Supply Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 28 above:
1
2
3
=
=
=
4
5
=
=
Connect AC mains voltage wires to these terminals
Grounding terminal
In case the module is not installed in the factory: Connect wires
from these terminals to the POWER 10 ... 35V 24V terminals of
the motherboard.
+
–
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 45
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Installation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Disconnect the power.
Remove the protective plug from the cable gland and thread the
wires. In case the power supply module is installed in the factory,
continue with the step 5.
To attach the module, open the transmitter cover and fasten the
power module to the bottom of the housing with four screws. See
the position of the power module in Figure 2 on page 23.
Connect the wires from the terminals of the power supply module
marked with + and – to the terminals POWER 10 ... 35V = 24 V~
on the motherboard of the transmitter.
Connect the AC mains voltage wires to the power supply module
terminals marked with N and L.
Attach the grounding wire to the grounding terminal on the righthand side of the transmitter.
Connect the power. The LED on the cover of the transmitter is lit
continuously during normal operation.
WARNING
Do not detach the power supply module from the transmitter when the
power is on.
WARNING
Do not connect the mains power to power supply module when it is not
installed in the transmitter.
WARNING
Always connect protective ground terminal.
46 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Warnings
Dieses Produkt entspricht der Niederspannungsrichtlinie (2006/95/EWG).
-
Das Netzmodul darf nur von einem dazu befugten Elektriker angeschlossen werden.
-
Trennen Sie das Netzmodul nicht vom Messwertgeber, wenn der Strom eingeschaltet ist.
-
Verbinden Sie das Netzmodul nur mit der Spannungsquelle, wenn es im Messwertgeber
DMT345/346 montiert ist.
-
Das Erdungskabel muss zum Schutz immer angeschlossen sein.
Ce produit est conforme à la Directive relative à la Basse Tension (2006/95/EEC).
-
Seul un électricien compétent est habilité à raccorder le module d’alimentation au secteur.
-
Ne pas détacher le module d’alimentation du transmetteur lorsqu’il est en service.
-
Ne pas raccorder le secteur au module d’alimentation lorsque celui-ci n’est pas installé dans le
transmetteur DMT345/346.
-
Toujours raccorder un bornier de protection à la terre.
Tämä tuote on pienjännitedirektiivin (2006/95/EEC) mukainen.
-
Vaihtovirtaliitännän saa kytkeä tehonsyöttömoduuliin ainoastaan valtuutettu sähköasentaja
-
Älä irrota tehonsyöttömoduulia lähettimestä, kun virta on kytkettynä.
-
Älä kytke verkkovirtaa tehonsyöttömoduuliin, jos kyseistä moduulia ei ole asennettu
DMT345/346 lähettimeen.
-
Kytke aina maadoitusliittimet.
Denna produkt uppfyller kraven i direktivet om lågspänning (2006/95/EEC).
-
Nätanslutningen (växelströmsanslutningen) får bara anslutas till strömförsörjningsmodulen av
en behörig elektriker.
-
Ta inte loss strömförsörjningsmodulen från mätaren när strömmen är på.
-
Anslut inte strömförsörjningsmodulen till nätet när den inte är installerad i DMT345/346mätaren
-
Anslut alltid en skyddande jordningsplint.
Questo prodotto è conforme alla Direttiva sul basso voltaggio (2006/95/CEE).
-
La conduttura elettrica può essere collegata al modulo di alimentazione elettrica soltanto da
un elettricista autorizzato.
-
Non staccare l’alimentazione elettrica dal trasmettitore quando è acceso.
-
Non collegare la corrente elettrica al modulo di alimentazione elettrica se non è installato nel
trasmettitore DMT345/346.
-
Collegare sempre il morsetto protettivo a terra!
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 47
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Dette produkt er i overensstemmelse med direktivet om lavspænding
(2006/95/EØS).
-
Netstrømskoblingen til må kun tilsluttes strømforsyningsmodulet af en autoriseret elinstallatør
-
Strømforsyningsmodulet må ikke løsgøres fra senderen, mens spændingen er sluttet til.
-
Slut ikke netspændingen til strømforsyningsmodulet, når det ikke er installeret i
DMT345/346- senderen
-
Forbind altid den beskyttende jordklemme!
Dit product voldoet aan de eisen van de richtlijn 2006/95/EEG
(Laagspanningsrichtlijn).
-
De stroom kan aan de stroomtoevoer module aangesloten worden alleen door een bevoegde
monteur.
-
Het is niet toegestaan de stroomtoevoer module van de transmitter los te koppelen wanneer de
stroom aan is.
-
Het is niet toegestaan de stroom aan de stroomtoevoer module aan te sluiten als deze niet in
een DMT345/346-transmitter is gemonteerd.
-
Altijd beschermend aardcontact aansluiten!
Este producto cumple con la directiva de bajo voltaje (2006/95/EEC).
-
La conexión de la alimentación principal al módulo de alimentación sólo puede realizarla un
electricista autorizado.
-
No desenchufe el módulo de alimentación del transmisor cuando esté encendido.
-
No conecte la alimentación principal al módulo de alimentación cuando no esté instalado en
el transmisor DMT345/346.
-
Conecte siempre el terminal de protección de conexión a tierra.
See toode vastab madalpinge direktiivile (2006/95/EEC).
-
Voolukaabli võib vooluallika mooduli külge ühendada ainult volitatud elektrik.
-
Ärge ühendage vooluallika moodulit saatja küljest lahti, kui vool on sisse lülitatud.
-
Ärge ühendage voolukaablit vooluallika mooduli külge, kui seda pole DMT345/346-tüüpi
saatjasse paigaldatud.
-
Ühendage alati kaitsev maandusklemm!
Ez a termék megfelel a Kisfeszültségű villamos termékek irányelvnek
(2006/95/EGK).
-
A hálózati feszültséget csak feljogosított elektrotechnikus csatlakoztathatja a
tápegységmodulra.
-
A bekapcsolt távadóról ne csatolja le a tápegységmodult.
-
Ne csatlakoztassa a hálózati feszültséget a tápegységmodulhoz, ha az nincs beépítve a
DMT345/346 távadóba.
-
Feltétlenül csatlakoztasson földelő védőkapcsot!
48 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Šis produktas atitinka direktyvą dėl žemos įtampos prietaisų (2006/95/EB).
-
Elektros tinklą su energijos tiekimo moduliu sujungti gali tik įgaliotas elektrikas.
-
Niekada neišimkite energijos tiekimo modulio iš siųstuvo, kai maitinimas yra įjungtas.
-
Jei energijos tiekimo modulis nėra įmontuotas DMT345/346 siųstuve, nejunkite jo į elektros
tinklą.
-
Visada prijunkite prie apsauginės įžeminimo jungties!
Šis produkts atbilst Zemsprieguma direktīvai (2006/95/EEC).
-
Strāvas pieslēgumu var pieslēgt pie barošanas avota moduļa tikai autorizēts elektriķis.
-
Neatvienot barošanas avota moduli no raidītāja, kad pieslēgta strāva.
-
Nepievienot strāvu barošanas avota modulim, ja tas nav uzstādēts DMT345/346 raidītājā
-
Vienmēr pievienot aizsargājošu iezemētu terminālu !
Ten produkt spełnia wymogi Dyrektywy niskonapięciowej (2006/95/EEC).
-
Napięcie zasilające powinno zostać podłączone do modułu zasilacza tylko przez
wykwalifikowanego elektryka.
-
Nie wolno odłączać modułu zasilacza od nadajnika, kiedy zasilanie jest włączone.
-
Nie wolno podłączać napięcia zasilającego do modułu zasilacza, kiedy nie jest on
zamontowany w nadajniku DMT345/346.
-
Zawsze należy podłączać zabezpieczający zacisk uziemiający!
Tento výrobek vyhovuje Směrnici pro nízké napětí (2006/95/EEC).
-
Připojení síťového napájení k napájecímu modulu smí provádět pouze oprávněný elektrikář.
-
Neodpojujte napájecí modul od snímače při zapnutém napájení.
-
Nepřipojujte síťové napájení k napájecímu modulu, pokud není instalován ve snímači
DMT345/346.
-
Vždy zapojte ochrannou zemnící svorku!
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 49
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Galvanic Isolation of Power Supply
If galvanic isolation of the power supply line from the output signals is
needed, DMT345/346 can be ordered with optional galvanic isolation
module. This module prevents harmful grounding loops.
NOTE
Galvanic isolation module is not needed when using the AC power
supply module. Note also that these two modules are physically
incompatible to be installed at the same time. If both modules are
installed, there is no room to close the transmitter cover completely.
0605-031
Figure 29
Galvanic Isolation Module
Third Analog Output
0503-030
Figure 30
Third Analog Output
The following numbers refer to Figure 30 above:
1
2
3
=
=
=
Flat cable pins
Screw terminals for signal line
DIP switches to select the output mode and range
50 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Installation and Wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Disconnect the power. In case the analog output module is installed
in the factory, continue with the step 4.
Open the transmitter cover and and fasten the analog output module
to the position for MODULE 2 with four screws. Refer to Figure 2
on page 23.
Connect the flat cable between the analog output module and the
motherboard's connector for MODULE 2.
Take out the protective plug from the cable gland and thread the
wires.
Connect the wires to the screw terminals marked with Ch+ and
Ch- .
Select the current/voltage output by setting ON either of the
switches 1 or 2.
Select the range by setting ON one of the switches 3 ... 7.
Only one of the switches 1 … 2 can be ON at a time.
NOTE
Only one of the switches 3 ... 7 can be ON at a time.
0508-029
Figure 31
8.
9.
Third Analog Output Selection
Connect the power.
Select the quantity and scale the channel via the serial line or
display/keypad, see section Analog Output Quantities on page 119.
For testing the analog output, see Section Analog Output Tests on
page 121. For fault indication setting, see section Analog Output
Fault Indication Setting on page 122.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 51
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Alarm Relays
DMT345/346 can be equipped with one or two configurable relay
modules. Each module contains two configurable relays. See the contact
ratings in section Technical Specifications of Optional Modules on page
166.
Installation and Wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
CAUTION
Disconnect the power. In case the relay-module is installed in the
factory, continue with the step 5.
To attach the module, open the transmitter cover and fasten the
relay module to the bottom of the housing with four screws. See the
position in Figure 2 on page 23.
When the mains power is in use attach the grounding wire to the
grounding terminal.
Connect the flat cable between the relay module and the
motherboard's pins MODULE 2 or MODULE 1.
Take out the protective plug from the cable gland and thread the
relay wires.
Connect the wires to the screw terminals: NO, C, and NC.
For installations in the USA: If your transmitter has both the relay
module and a LAN or WLAN module, the maximum voltage you are
allowed to connect to the relay module is 50 V.
Selecting Relay Activation State
The middlemost C terminal and either one of the terminals NO/NC shall
be connected. The polarity can be freely selected.
NO
C
NC
Normally open
Common relay
Normally closed
Relay NOT activated: C and NC outputs are closed, NO is open
Relay IS activated:
C and NO outputs are closed, NC is open.
Connect the power and close the cover. For instructions on how to
operate the relay (for example, selecting quantity for the relay output and
setting the relay setpoints), see section Operation of Relays on page 123.
52 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
0605-032
Figure 32
Relay Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 32 above:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Indication LED for the relay 1 or 3
Relay test buttons
Flat cable pins
Indication LED for relay 2 or 4
WARNING The relay module may contain dangerous voltages even if the transmitter
power has been disconnected. Before working on the relay module you
must switch off both the transmitter and the voltage connected to the
relay terminals.
WARNING Do not connect the mains power to relay unit without grounding the
transmitter.
RS-422/485 Interface
The RS-422/485 interface enables communication between an RS-485
network and the DMT345/346 transmitter. The RS-485 interface is
isolated and offers a maximum communications rate of 115 200 bits/s.
(For maximum bus length of 1 km, use bit rate 19200 b/s or less.)
When selecting an RS-232 to RS-485 converter for the network, avoid
self-powered converters, as they do not necessarily support the needed
power consumption.
NOTE
RS-232 User Port on DMT345/346 main board cannot be used and
connected when RS-485 module is connected. Service port operates
normally.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 53
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
2
3
1
1102-023
Figure 33
RS-422/485 Module
The following numbers refer to Figure 33 above:
1
2
3
NOTE
=
=
=
Flat cable pins
Selection switches
Screw terminals for wiring
The data lines on earlier versions of the RS-422/485 module are marked
A and B instead of D1+ and D0-. When the line is idle, D1+ has positive
voltage compared to D0-.
When connecting the module, be prepared to swap the D1+ and D0wires if you have a communication problem.
Installation and Wiring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect the power. In case the RS-422/485-module is installed
in the factory, continue with the item 4.
To attach the module, open the transmitter cover and fasten the
RS-422/485 module to the bottom of the housing with four screws.
Connect the flat cable between the RS-422/485 module and the
motherboard's pins MODULE1 (Communications).
Pull the network wirings through the cable gland.
Connect the twisted pair wires (1 or 2 pairs) to the screw terminals
as presented in Table 6:
54 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Table 6
Connecting Twisted Pair Wires to Screw
Terminals
Screw Terminal
Data Line
(2-wire RS-485)
Data Line
(4-wire RS-485/422)
1
2
3
4
5
(not connected)
(not connected)
Common
D0D1+
Rx D0Rx D1+
Common
Tx D0Tx D1+
To avoid problems in the RS-422/485 network, the Common
terminal should be wired to the corresponding terminals of the
other devices.
6.
NOTE
If you use RS-422 or RS-485 to connect just one transmitter to a
master computer, enable the internal termination of DMT345/346
by switching switches 1 and 2 ON. Make sure that the master's end
of the line is also terminated (by using master's internal termination
or with a separate terminator).
If you are connecting many transmitters to the same RS-485 bus,
make sure that switches 1 and 2 are OFF and terminate the bus with
separate terminators at both ends. This allows removing any
transmitter without blocking the bus operation.
If you use the internal termination of the transmitter at the end of the
RS-485 bus (instead of using separate terminators) removing that
transmitter will block the bus operation.
7.
Use the bus type (4-wire/2-wire) to select the selection switch 3.
In 4-wire mode RS-485 master sends data to the DMT345/346
through terminals Rx D1+ and Rx D0- and receives data from
DMT345/364 through terminals Tx D1+ and Tx D0-.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 55
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Termination
Termination
120R
Rx D0Rx D1+
Common
Tx D0Tx D1+
120R
Junction
box
Common
line
Stub
RS485 bus master
Twisted pair
Address NN
Switch
Term off
Term off
2/4 wire on
RS422 off
Tx D0Tx D1+
Common
Rx D0Rx D1+
Junction
box
Common
line
Stub
RS485-1
Twisted pair
Address MM
Switch
Term off
Term off
2/4 wire on
RS422 off
Tx D0Tx D1+
Common
Rx D0Rx D1+
Junction
box
120R
120R
Stub
RS485-1
Baud > 19.2K Stub < 10ft, 3m
Baud > 112K Stub < 1ft, 0.3m
Termination
Termination
1102-028
Figure 34
4-Wire RS-485 Bus Connections, Part A
Table 7
4-Wire (Switch 3: On)
RS-485 master
Tx D1+
Tx D0Rx D1+
Rx D0-
Data
→
→
←
←
DMT345/346
Rx D1+
Rx D0Tx D1+
Tx D0-
56 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
Termination
120R
D0D1+
Common
Junction
box
Stub
RS485 bus master
Twisted pair
Common line
Address NN
Switch
Term off
Term off
2/4 wire off
RS422 off
Junction
box
Common
D0D1+
Stub
RS485-1
Twisted pair
Common line
Address MM
Switch
Term off
Term off
2/4 wire off
RS422 off
Junction
box
Common
D0D1+
120R
Stub
RS485-1
Termination
1102-027
Figure 35
2-Wire RS-485 Bus
Table 8
2-Wire (Switch 3: Off)
RS-485 master Data
D1+
↔
D0↔
8.
9.
DMT345/346
D1+
D0-
When operating in communication mode RS-422, set both switches
3 and 4 to ON position (4-wire wiring is required for RS-422
mode).
Connect the power and close the cover.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 57
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
LAN Interface
The optional LAN interface enables an Ethernet connection to the
transmitter. The user can establish a virtual terminal session using a
Telnet client program such as PuTTY or by using Modbus TCP protocol..
When the LAN interface is in use, serial communication using the RS232 User Port is disabled.
The LAN interface module must be installed at the factory (when
ordering the transmitter), or by a Vaisala Service Center. Once installed,
the module is automatically used by the transmitter. The physical
connection to the network is made to the RJ45 connector on the LAN
interface module, using a standard twisted pair Ethernet cable
(10/100Base-T). Transmitters with the optional LAN interface are
delivered pre-installed with a suitable cable and cable gland.
The LAN interface can use both static and dynamic network settings. If
the interface is configured to use dynamic settings, the network where the
LAN interface is connected must have a DHCP server that provides the
settings.
The network configuration can be done using the optional display and
keypad, or by using the service port. For instructions, see section LAN
Communication on page 80. The LAN interface also provides a web
configuration interface, which you can access by entering the IP address
of the LAN interface in the address field of a web browser. See section
Web Configuration for LAN and WLAN on page 86.
CAUTION
The LAN interface is designed to be used in trusted network
environments (trusted corporate LAN or VPN-based connection over
internet). Avoid connecting the transmitter directly to a public network
because the device can be attacked by a malicious user through the
network.
1 = Flat cable connector
2 = RJ45 connector with
indicator LEDs for
link and activity
0709-003
Figure 36
LAN Interface Module
58 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
WLAN Interface
The optional WLAN interface enables a wireless Ethernet connection
(IEEE 802.11b) to the transmitter. The user can establish a virtual
terminal session using a Telnet client program such as PuTTY or by
using Modbus TCP protocol. When the WLAN interface is in use, serial
communication using the RS-232 User Port is disabled.
The interface supports Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and Wi-Fi
Protected Access (WPA, WPA2). For WEP, 64 and 128 bit encryption is
supported, with open system or shared key authentication. WPA is used
in the Pre-Shared Key (PSK) mode, with either TKIP or CCMP (also
known as AES) encryption.
Similarly to the LAN interface, the WLAN interface can use both static
and dynamic network settings. If the interface is configured to use
dynamic settings, the network where the WLAN interface is connected
must have a DHCP server that provides the settings.
The WLAN interface also provides a web configuration interface, which
you can access by entering the IP address of the WLAN interface in the
address field of a web browser. See section Web Configuration for LAN
and WLAN on page 86.
1 = Flat cable connector
2 = Connector for antenna
cable (connected to
transmitter cover)
0802-103
Figure 37
CAUTION
WLAN Interface Module
The WLAN interface is designed to be used in trusted network
environments (trusted corporate LAN or VPN-based connection over
internet). Avoid connecting the transmitter directly to a public network
because the device can be attacked by a malicious user through the
network.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 59
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
The default country setting for the WLAN interface is United States,
which limits the operation to WLAN channels 1 ... 11. To enable
additional channels (12 ... 14), you can change the country setting using
the web configuration interface.
Attaching the WLAN Antenna
The WLAN interface module must be installed at the factory (when
ordering the transmitter), or by a Vaisala Service Center. Before taking
the transmitter into use, you must attach the antenna of the WLAN
interface into the RP-SMA connector on the transmitter cover. The
location of the antenna is shown in Figure 81 on page 170.
Data Logger Module
The optional data logger module extends the data storage for the
measurement data. When the data logger is present, this storage is
automatically used by the transmitter. The stored data can be browsed
using the optional display module, and accessed through the serial
connections. See sections Graphic History on page 65 and Data
Recording on page 114.
The data logger module contains non-volatile flash memory providing
4 years and 5 months of storage for 4 parameters at a 10-second sampling
interval. When the memory is full, the data recording will not stop.
Instead, the oldest data is overwritten. For each parameter and
observation period, the module stores the minimum and maximum values
during the interval, as well a data trend value that is averaged from
samples taken during the interval (see Table 9 below).
Table 9
Observation Periods and Resolution
Observation Period
3 hours
1 day
10 days
2 months
1 year
4 years
Period for Trend/Max/Min Calculations
(Resolution)
90 seconds
12 minutes
2 hours
12 hours
3 days
12 days
The quantities that are logged are the same that have been selected for
measurement using the display/keypad or the serial line. When taking the
transmitter into use, verify that the desired quantities are selected. If you
change the quantities later, the transmitter will start logging the new
quantities, and stop logging the quantities that are no longer selected.
Changing the quantities does not delete any measurement data that is
already in memory. However, the data of any removed quantity cannot be
accessed unless the quantity is re-activated first.
60 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 3 ________________________________________________________________ Installation
The data logger module has a real time clock with a battery back-up. The
clock has been set to the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) at the
factory, and its time cannot be set by the user. The data that is stored in
the logger's memory is timestamped using the logger's clock.
When date and time are set on the transmitter, they are stored to the
transmitter's memory as an offset from the time on the logger's clock.
When browsing the stored data, the time offset is applied to the
timestamps shown in the graphical history, and data outputted from the
serial port. The timestamps in the data logger's memory remain as they
were originally stored.
You can compensate for the clock drift (less than ±2 min/year) by setting
the time on the transmitter. This updates the time offset used on the
display and the serial port. You can set the time by using the
keypad/display or the serial commands.
1 = Flat cable pins
2 = Battery
0706-068
Figure 38
Data Logger Module
After a reset or a power up, it will usually take at least 10 seconds before
the data logger module is initialized. The instrument will not start up
before the data logger module is ready.
The indicator LED on the module will blink green during normal
operation. If the LED is lit in red color, there is a problem with the
module. The transmitter will also indicate the problem by activating the
"Internal error on add-on module" error. If the module is not operating
correctly, the transmitter must be sent to Vaisala for maintenance.
The data logger module must be installed at the factory (when ordering
the transmitter), or by a Vaisala Service Center. Once installed, the
module is automatically used by the transmitter. When the module
requires a new battery, the transmitter must be sent to Vaisala for
maintenance.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 61
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
8-Pin Connector
1104-126
Figure 39
Pinout of the Optional 8-Pin Connector
Table 10
Wiring of the Optional 8-Pin Connector
Pin
Wire
1
2
White
Brown
Serial Signal
RS-232 (EIA-232)
Data out TX
(Serial GND)
3
4
5
6
7
8
Green
Yellow
Grey
Pink
Blue
Shield/Red
Supply –
Supply +
Data in RX
Cable shield
Analog Signal
RS-485 (EIA-485)
D1+
(Serial GND)
Supply –
Supply +
D0Cable shield
Signal GND (for
both channels)
Ch 2 +
Ch 1 +
Supply –
Supply +
Cable shield
62 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
CHAPTER 4
OPERATION
This chapter contains information that is needed to operate this product.
Getting Started
Within a few seconds after power-up the LED on the cover of the
transmitter is lit continuously indicating normal operation. When the
transmitter is turned on the first time, the language selection window
opens: Select the language with ▲▼ arrow buttons and press the
SELECT button (the left-hand
button).
Pressure has an effect on humidity calculations and accuracy. Therefore,
accurate calculations can be achieved only when the ambient pressure is
taken into consideration. See section Pressure Compensation Setting on
page 100 for instructions on how to set the pressure.
Start-up time for DMT345/346 transmitter is in total about 6 minutes.
The outputs (serial and analog) are activated 3 seconds after powering up
the transmitter. If the data logger module is installed, the it may take up
to 18 seconds for the outputs to be activated.
In addition, 10 seconds after the measurement the outputs will freeze for
about 6 minutes due to the sensor self diagnostics procedure (Sensor
Purge and AutoCal). The frozen output value will be the value the
transmitter reached during the 10 seconds of measurement. After the self
diagnostics procedure the outputs are operational again.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 63
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Display/Keypad
Basic Display
Display shows you the measurement values of the selected quantities in
the selected units. You can select 1 ... 4 quantities for the numerical
basic display (see section Changing Quantities and Units on page 97).
0605-036
Figure 40
Basic Display
The numbers refer to Figure 40 above:
1
2
=
=
3
=
INFO shortcut button
GRAPH shortcut button changes the display into a curve
mode
Selected quantities
Press the INFO button (in the basic display) to see the device information
views, see section Device Information on page 106.
NOTE
From any view, even in the absence of an EXIT button, a four-second
press on the right-hand function button takes you directly to the basic
display.
64 ___________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Graphic History
The graphical display shows the data trend or min/max graph of the
selected quantities, one at a time. The graph is updated automatically
while measuring.
0706-028
Figure 41
Graphical Display
Trend graph: Shows you a curve of average values. Each value is a
calculated average over a period. See Table 11 below.
Max/min graph: Shows you the minimum and maximum values in a
form of curve. Each point shows the absolute minimum and maximum
observed during the time period represented by the data point. See Table
11 below.
Table 11
Periods for Trend and Max/Min Calculations
Observation Period
Period for Trend/Max/Min
Calculations (Resolution)
3 hours
1.5 minutes
1 day
12 minutes
10 days
2 hours
2 months
12 hours
1 year
3 days
4 year*
12 days
* Shows the maximum logging period of the data logger module (available when data
logger module is installed)
Use the following functions in the graphical display:
- Press the NEXT button to change between the trend graph and
max/min graph for the quantities selected for display.
- Press the EXIT button to return to the basic display.
- Press the ▼▲ arrow buttons to zoom in and out in the graph window.
- Press the ◄► arrow buttons move the cursor (vertical bar) along the
time axis. The cursor mode allows you to observe individual
measuring points. The numerical value at the cursor position is shown
at the left upper corner. The right upper corner shows the time from
the present to the chosen moment (without the logger module), or the
date and time at the cursor position (when the logger module is
installed).
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 65
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
- If the optional data logger module is installed, you can scroll the
cursor off the screen to move to a new point on the time axis. The new
date will be displayed, and the cursor will be centered at the date
where the cursor scrolled off the screen.
0706-030
Figure 42 Graphical Display with Data Logger
If the data logger module is installed, you can move quickly on the time
axis: zoom out, move the cursor, and zoom back in.
The time that is shown below the graph is adjusted with the current time
offset of the transmitter. If you change the transmitter's date and time
setting, the displayed timestamps in the history graph change
accordingly. For an explanation of the effect of changing the date and
time manually, see section Data Logger Module on page 60.
Table 12
Graph Information Messages
Failure Message
Power outage
No data
System error
T meas. error
RH meas. error
Adj. mode active
Autocal
Interpretation
Power failure (marked also with dashed vertical line)
Quantity has not been selected for the display
General device or power supply problem
Temperature measurement/sensor failure
Humidity measurement/sensor failure
Adjustment mode active (data recorded in the
adjustment mode is not displayed)
AutoCal performed (only shown in 3 h graphs)
A question mark after time tells you that at least one power failure
(dashed vertical line) has occurred after the chosen moment. In this case,
the actual time difference between the present and the cursor position is
not exactly known. If the data logger module is installed, the time is
known and the question marks are not present.
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Menus and Navigation
You can change settings and select functions in the menus.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons in the basic (numeric) display mode.
Move in the menus by using the ▲▼ arrow buttons.
Open a submenu with the ► button.
Press ◄ to return to the previous level.
Function button EXIT returns you back to the basic display.
Adjustment menu is displayed only when ADJ button (on the
motherboard inside the transmitter) is pressed.
0706-011
Figure 43
Main Views
Some menu items, such as Relay outputs in the Interfaces menu, are
only shown if supported by the transmitter and the installed options.
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User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Changing the Language
1.
Go back to the basic display by keeping the right-hand
pressed for four seconds.
2.
3.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► buttons.
Scroll to the System menu option, and press the ► button. The
menu option is indicated with the wrench symbol.
Scroll to the Language menu option, and press the left-hand
button. The menu option is indicated with the flag symbol.
Select the language with the ▼▲ buttons, and confirm the
selection by pressing the left-hand
button.
Press the right-hand
button to exit to the basic display.
4.
5.
6.
button
Rounding Setting
Round off one decimal by using the Rounding function . The default
setting is rounding on. Rounding has no effect on quantities without
decimals.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select ►Display and confirm by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Rounding and press ON/OFF button.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
Display Backlight Setting
As a default the display backlight is always on. In the automatic mode
the backlight stays on for 30 seconds from the last press of the button.
When pressing any button, the light turns on again.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select ►Display, press the ► arrow button.
Select Backlight, press the CHANGE button.
Select On/Off/ Automatic, press the SELECT button.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
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Display Contrast Setting
Display contrast is automatically adjusted based on the ambient
temperature. However, depending on the installation location and
viewing direction, it may be necessary to fine-tune the contrast manually.
Using Display/Keypad
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select ►Display, press the ►arrow button.
Select Contrast, press the ADJUST button.
Adjust the contrast by pressing the ◄► arrow buttons.
Press OK and EXIT to return to the basic display.
Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command CON to view or set the display contrast.
CON [xxx]<cr>
where
xxx
= Contrast value for display. Recommended range -9 ... 9,
default 0. Negative values make screen lighter, positive
values make it darker.
Example (view current contrast setting):
>con
Contrast
>
: 0
Example (set contrast to 5):
>con 5
Contrast
>
: 5
Keypad Lock (Keyguard)
This function locks the keypad and prevents unintentional key presses.
1.
2.
Keep pressing the left-hand
button for 4 seconds to lock the
keypad (at any display).
To unlock the keypad, press the OPEN button for 4 seconds.
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Menu PIN Lock
You can prevent unauthorized changes of the device settings by
activating the menu PIN lock. When this function is activated, the basic
display, graphical view, and device information displays are available but
access to the menus is locked. The key symbol indicates the activation of
this feature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select ►System, press the ►arrow button.
Select Menu PIN, press the ON button.
Enter a PIN code by using the ▲▼ arrow buttons. Press OK to
confirm the setting. Now the PIN lock is on and a key symbol is
shown in a display.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display. Returning to the menu is
possible only by entering the correct PIN code.
When you want to turn off the PIN lock, go to the menu by giving the
PIN code and select ►System, Menu PIN, press OFF button.
In case you have forgotten the PIN code, open the transmitter cover and
press the ADJ button once. Wait for a few seconds and the adjustment
menu opens. Select Clear menu PIN, press
CLEAR.
NOTE
You can also disable the keypad completely with serial command
LOCK. See section Locking Menu/Keypad Using Serial Line on page
109.
Factory Settings
Use the display/keypad to restore the factory settings. This operation
does not affect the adjustments. Only settings available in the menus are
restored.
1.
2.
3.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select System by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Factory settings and press the REVERT button to confirm
your selection. Press the YES button to reset all settings to the
factory defaults.
See section General Settings on page 97 for a description of the other
menu options.
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Display Alarms
The Display Alarm feature provides two independently configurable
alarms for transmitters with the display/keypad option. Each alarm tracks
a selected quantity, with freely configurable limit values. Each alarm also
has a configurable hysteresis value to prevent unnecessary triggering
when the measurement fluctuates around an alarm limit. The alarms can
be configured for any quantity supported by the transmitter. The
configuration of the Display Alarms can only be done using the
display/keypad option.
You can have the alarm activate inside or outside the specified range by
setting the limits correctly:
- To have the alarm activate when the measured quantity is outside the
specified range, set the Act. above limit higher than the Act. below
limit.
- To have the alarm activate when the measured quantity is inside the
range, set the Act. above limit lower than the Act. below limit.
The alarm limits are shown on the graph display as thicker dotted lines.
When a display alarm is activated, the automatic scaling of the graph
display always keeps the limits in view.
1103-062
Figure 44
Alarm Limit Shown on Graph Screen
When an alarm is activated, an alarm note is displayed on the display,
and the lights of the display will blink. If the data logger module is
installed, the alarm note includes the time and date of the alarm.
1103-063
Figure 45
Display Alarm Active
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Multiple alarms can be active at the same time; the alarm that was
triggered first will be shown on the display. The next active alarm is
revealed when the currently shown alarm is acknowledged by pressing
the OK button.
Activated alarms are only shown on the screen; there are no alarm
messages output to the serial line. After an alarm has been
acknowledged, you must refer to the data graphs to see when the
measured quantities have exceeded the limits. You may use the optional
relay outputs as alarm outputs by configuring them separately; see
section Setting Relay Outputs on page 127.
Configuring a Display Alarm
1.
2.
Enter the Main Menu by pressing an arrow key on the keypad.
Use the arrow keys to select Display, followed by Alarms, to open
the Display Alarms menu. The Display Alarms menu shows the
currently enabled and disabled alarms.
0802-069
Figure 46
3.
NOTE
Display Alarms
Use the arrow keys to select an alarm to configure. The alarm
editing page opens.
Changes you do on the alarm editing page will take effect immediately,
and may cause an alarm to appear on the screen.
4.
5.
To select a quantity for the alarm, press the Change button and
select the quantity from the list.
To modify or remove the alarm limit values, move the selection
over the Act. above or Act. below field and press the Set button.
You will be prompted to Modify or Remove the value.
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0802-070
Figure 47
6.
7.
8.
Modifying an Alarm Limit
When modifying the value, use the arrow up and down buttons to
change the value under the cursor. Left and right arrow buttons
move the cursor. Select the OK button to accept the modified
value, or Cancel to undo the modification.
Set a suitable Hysteresis value to prevent the alarm from being
triggered unnecessarily by small measurement changes that pass
the alarm limit repeatedly.
Set or clear the Alarm enable checkbox to enable or disable the
alarm.
Press the Exit button to leave the alarm configuration screen and
return to the basic view.
Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command ALSEL to view or set the display alarms.
ALSEL [quantity1 quantity2]<cr>
where
quantity1 = Quantity for display alarm 1. You can set any quantity
available on your transmitter; see page 20. In addition to
quantities, you can also select the following:
FAULT – Alarm for device errors
ONLINE – Alarm for sensor operations that freeze the
measurement output (for example, sensor purge).
quantity2 = Quantity for display alarm 2. Options are the same as for
quantity1.
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Example (view current display alarm settings):
>alsel ?
Al1 Tdf
Al1 Tdf
Al1 Tdf
Al1 Tdf
Al2 T
Al2 T
Al2 T
Al2 T
>
Table 13
Name
above
below
hyst
enabl
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
0.00 'C
1.00 'C
ON
40.00 'C
1.00 'C
ON
ALSEL Parameters
Description
If specified, the alarm goes off when the quantity value rises above
the exact value of this setpoint. However, if above < below, the
alarm goes off at (above + hyst) and (below – hyst) instead.
Cannot be set for fault and online alarms.
If specified, the alarm goes off when the quantity value decreases
below the exact value of this setpoint. However, if above < below,
the alarm goes off at (above + hyst) and (below – hyst) instead.
Cannot be set for fault and online alarms.
Distance from setpoint amount of extra retractment needed in order
to regenerate alarm on the next crossing of the setpoint.
Cannot be set for fault and online alarms.
Enable (ON) or disable (OFF) the display alarm.
Example (set H2O and T as display alarm quantities and configure the
alarms as prompted):
>alsel h2o t
Al1 H2O
above:
Al1 H2O
below:
Al1 H2O
hyst :
Al1 H2O
enabl:
Al2 T
above:
Al2 T
below:
Al2 T
hyst :
Al2 T
enabl:
>
0.00 ppmV ? 6000
- ?
1.00 ppmV ? 500
ON ?
40.00 'C ? 30
- ?
1.00 'C ?
ON ?
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MI70 Link Program for Data Handling
MI70 Link is a support program that enables you to handle the
measurement data of your Vaisala transmitter using a Windows PC.
Using the MI70 Link you can, for example:
- Monitor the transmitter’s measurement readings directly using the
real-time window function.
- Transfer recorded data from the main transmitter memory in numeric
or graphical format, for further use in a spreadsheet program (such as
Microsoft Excel) or virtually any other application. Note that the
maximum amount of data points that can be downloaded in one
transfer is 65000.
To use the MI70 Link program, you must connect your Windows PC to
the service port of the transmitter with a serial or USB cable. The MI70
Link program, and the optional connection cables, are available from
Vaisala. See section Spare Parts and Accessories on page 168.
Follow the steps below to connect your transmitter and start using the
MI70 Link:
1.
2.
3.
4.
NOTE
Connect your PC to the service port of the transmitter. Refer to
section Service Port Connection on page 78.
Check that the transmitter is powered.
Start the MI70 Link program.
Start using the program. There is usually no need to select a COM
port manually, the MI70 Link software can detect it automatically.
For instructions on using the MI70 Link, see the program’s online help.
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Serial Line Communication
Connect the serial interface by using either the user port or the service
port.
For permanent interfacing to host system, use the user port. You can
change the serial settings and operate in RUN, STOP, POLL, and
MODBUS modes.
For temporary connections use the service port. Service port is always
available with fixed serial settings.
0605-039
Figure 48
Service Port Connector and User Port Terminal on the
Motherboard
The following numbers refer to Figure 48 above:
1
2
=
=
Service port connector
User Port Terminals
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User Port Connection
Use suitable serial cable between the user port RxD, GND and TxD
screw terminals and the PC serial port.
Table 14
ANALOG OUTPUTS USER PORT POWER
RS-232
10…36 V=
24 V~
Parameter
Bauds
Parity
Data bits
Stop bits
Flow control
Default Serial Communication Settings for User Port
Value
4800
Even
7
1
None
+
–
RxD
GND
TxD
Ch1+
Ch1–
Ch2+
Ch2–
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
IOIOI
0506-033
Figure 49
Connection Example between PC Serial Port and User
Port
Connections to pins 4,6,7 and 8 are required only if your software
requires hardware handshaking.
NOTE
User port cannot be used when the RS-485 module is connected.
User Port Operating Modes
When the transmitter is powered up, it will behave according to its
configured operating mode:
- In STOP mode, the transmitter outputs the software version and the
command prompt (if echo is on).
- In RUN mode a measurement output starts immediately.
- In POLL or MODBUS mode, the transmitter does not output anything
after power-up.
For a description of the modes, see section SMODE on page 112.
NOTE
RS-232 User Port cannot be used when a communication module
(LAN, WLAN, or RS-422/485 interface) has been installed.
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Service Port Connection
Connection Cables
To connect to the service port, you need a suitable cable with an RJ45
connector. Depending on the connections of your PC, you can either use
the Serial Connection Cable (optional accessory 19446ZZ) or the USBRJ45 Serial Connection Cable (optional accessory 219685). The USB
cable enables you to connect the transmitter to a PC via a standard type A
USB port. Note that the USB cable does not enable high speed data
transfer, since the bit rate is limited by the serial interface of the service
port.
Installing the Driver for the USB Cable
Before taking the USB cable into use, you must install the provided USB
driver on your PC. When installing the driver, you must acknowledge
any security prompts that may appear.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check that the USB cable is not connected. Disconnect the cable if
you have already connected it.
Insert the media that came with the cable, or download the latest
driver from www.vaisala.com.
Execute the USB driver installation program (setup.exe), and
accept the installation defaults.
After the driver has been installed, connect the USB service cable
to a USB port on your PC. Windows will detect the new device,
and use the driver automatically.
The installation has reserved a COM port for the cable. Verify the
port number, and the status of the cable, using the Vaisala USB
Instrument Finder program that has been installed in the
Windows Start menu.
Windows will recognize each individual cable as a different device, and
reserve a new COM port. Remember to use the correct port in the
settings of your terminal program.
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Using the Service Port
1.
2.
Open the screws on the transmitter cover, and open the cover.
Connect the desired cable (serial interface cable or USB cable) to
your PC and the service port connector on the transmitter. For
location of the service port, refer to Figure 48 on page 76.
3.
Open a terminal program and set the communication settings as
follows:
Table 15
Communication Settings for the Service Port
Parameter
Bauds
Parity
Data bits
Stop bits
Flow control
Value
19200
None
8
1
None
For a detailed explanation of using a terminal program, see section
Terminal Program Settings on page 87.
4.
Power-up the transmitter.
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LAN Communication
To enable LAN communication, a LAN or WLAN interface must be
physically connected to the network, and the networking settings must be
suitable for your network. For a description of interfaces, see sections
LAN Interface on page 58 and WLAN Interface on page 59.
The LAN and WLAN interfaces both operate by accessing the serial
interface (User Port) of the transmitter. All commands and protocols that
are available using the serial interface are available through the LAN and
WLAN interfaces; refer to section List of Serial Commands on page 90.
For instructions on how to connect using a terminal program, see section
Terminal Program Settings on page 87.
IP Configuration
The IP settings of the LAN and WLAN interfaces are described in Table
16. The current settings can be viewed on the serial line or using the
device information display; see section Device Information on page 106.
Table 16
IP Settings for the LAN and WLAN Interfaces
Parameter
Automatic configuration
(DHCP)
Web configuration
IP Address
Netmask
Gateway
MAC
Description
If enabled, the transmitter will retrieve its network
settings (including the IP Address) from a server in
the network. If disabled, static network settings are
used instead.
If enabled, the settings of the interface can be
changed using a web browser. The configuration
page can be accessed by browsing to the IP address
of the transmitter.
The four part network ID of the transmitter. Must be
set manually if automatic configuration is not used.
Example value: 192.168.0.222
Used together with the IP address to determine
which network the transmitter is a part of. Must be
set manually if automatic configuration is not used.
A common netmask is 255.255.255.0
IP address of the server that enables the transmitter
to access other networks. Must be set manually if
automatic configuration is not used.
Example value: 192.168.0.1
The MAC address is the unique hardware address of
the LAN or WLAN interface. Cannot be changed.
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Using Display/Keypad
You can configure the IP settings of the LAN and WLAN interfaces
using the display/keypad as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the Main Menu.
Press the ► arrow button to select Interfaces.
Press ► arrow button to select Network settings. There will be a
delay as the transmitter refreshes the network information.
You are now in the Network Interface menu. Selecting the IP
configuration option opens the IP configuration menu.
1102-015
Figure 50
5.
Network Interface Menu
The Network Interface menu also allows you to configure the
Communication Protocol, enable or disable the Web
configuration option, or Disconnect all users that are currently
accessing the LAN or WLAN interface.
In the IP configuration menu, select Automatic configuration
(DHCP), or enter the IP address, Netmask and Gateway
manually. If automatic configuration is enabled, manual
configuration cannot be done.
0709-004
Figure 51
6.
IP Configuration Menu
To enter a value manually, use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to select the
parameter to change, and press Change. A cursor will appear in the
first digit. Move the cursor using the ◄► arrow buttons, and
change the value under the cursor using the ▲▼ arrow buttons.
Confirm the selection by pressing OK.
After configuring the desired parameters, press EXIT to apply the
changes and return to the basic display.
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Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command NET to view or set the network settings for
the LAN and WLAN interfaces. You can also refresh the network
information or disconnect all active connections.
NET [REFRESH] [DISCONNECT] [DHCP WEB] [DHCP IP SUBNET
GATEWAY WEB]<cr>
where
REFRESH
=
DISCONNECT =
DHCP
=
WEB
=
IP
=
SUBNET
=
GATEWAY
=
Updates the network information and displays it.
Disconnects all current sessions.
ON or OFF. Enables or disables the automatic IP
configuration.
ON or OFF. Enables or disables the Web
Configuration page.
The four part network ID of the transmitter. Must
be set manually if automatic configuration is not
used.
Used together with the IP address to determine
which network the transmitter is a part of. Must be
set manually if automatic configuration is not
used.
IP address of the server that enables the transmitter
to access other networks. Must be set manually if
automatic configuration is not used.
Examples:
>net refresh
OK
DHCP
:
IP address
:
Subnet mask
:
Default gateway:
Web config.
:
MAC address
:
Status
:
>
>net on off
DHCP
:
IP address
:
Subnet mask
:
Default gateway:
Web config.
:
MAC address
:
Status
:
OK
>
OFF
192.168.0.101
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
OFF
00:40:9d:2c:d2:05
Not connected
ON
192.168.0.104
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1
OFF
00:40:9d:2c:d2:05
Connected
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>net off 192.168.0.101 255.255.255.0 192.168.0.1 off
DHCP
: OFF
IP address
: 192.168.0.101
Subnet mask
: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: 192.168.0.1
Web config.
: OFF
MAC address
: 00:40:9d:2c:d2:05
Status
: Connected
OK
>
Wireless LAN Configuration
The settings of the WLAN interface are described in Table 17. The
current settings can be viewed on the serial line or using the device
information display; see section Device Information on page 106.
- CCMP encryption is called AES in some networking products.
- The WLAN interface supports both WPA and WPA2 (also known as
802.11i) security when either WPA-PSK mode is selected.
- If your WLAN network is using some other security method than
listed below, you must set up a temporary WLAN network with any of
these settings and then use the web configuration to set WLAN
security settings for the actual network. See section Web
Configuration for LAN and WLAN on page 86.
Table 17
Wireless LAN Settings
Parameter
SSID
Security type
Description
The service set identifier (that is, network
name) of the wireless network to connect to. 1
… 32 characters.
The security type of the wireless network. The
options are:
OPEN
OPEN/WEP
WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK/CCMP
Security key
All other choices except OPEN require a
security key; see below.
The encryption key or passphrase that is used
with an encrypted network.
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Using Display/Keypad
You can configure the Wireless LAN settings using the display/keypad
as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the Main Menu.
Press the ► arrow button to select Interfaces.
Press the ► arrow button to select Network settings. There will be
a delay as the transmitter refreshes the network information.
Press the ► arrow button to select Wireless LAN settings.
0802-111
Figure 52
5.
Wireless LAN Settings
The Name entry on the page shows the SSID of the currently
selected wireless network. To change the SSID, press the SET
button. Use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to change the character under
the cursor, and ◄► arrow buttons to more the cursor. Press the
OK button when done.
0802-110
Figure 53
6.
Entering Network SSID
To change the currently selected Network type, select the Type
entry and press the Change button. Select the new type from the
list and press the Select button.
0802-112
Figure 54
Selecting the Wireless Network Type
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7.
8.
If you have selected an encrypted network type (WEP or WPA),
you must enter the security key to be used. Select the
Key/passphrase entry and press the Set button. Enter the key in
the same way as the SSID, and press the OK button. With the WEP
encryption you must enter the encryption key in hexadecimal (10
hexdecimals for 64-bit encryption or 26 hexadecimals for 128-bit
encryption). A WPA key must be 8 … 63 ASCII characters.
After setting the wireless network parameters, press the Exit button
in the Wireless LAN Settings menu. You will be asked to confirm
the new settings. Note that when new settings are saved, all
currently active WLAN connections are disconnected.
Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command WLAN to view or set the wireless network
settings. If you set an encrypted network type, you will be asked to enter
the security key. With the WEP encryption you must enter the encryption
key in hexadecimal (10 hexdecimals for 64-bit encryption or 26
hexadecimals for 128-bit encryption) or with plain ASCII characters (5
characters for 64-bit encryption or 13 characters for 128-bit encryption).
A WPA key must be 8 … 63 ASCII characters.
WLAN [SSID TYPE]<cr>
where
SSID
TYPE
=
=
Network name in 1 … 32 characters
Security type of the wireless network. The options
are:
OPEN
OPEN/WEP
WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK/CCMP
Examples:
>wlan ?
Network SSID
Type
>
: WLAN-AP
: OPEN
>wlan accesspoint wpa-psk/tkip
Network SSID
: accesspoint
Type
: WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK phrase ? thequickbrownfox
Save changes (Y/N) ? y
OK
>
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Communication Protocol
When a Telnet connection is established via the LAN or WLAN
interface, the session has the same communication mode, run interval,
poll address and echo settings as the serial port (user port) session would
have.
These settings can be changed using the display/keypad, using the serial
line (user port or service port), or on-the-fly during the Telnet session.
The display menu path to the Communication Protocol settings is:
Main Menu ► Interfaces ► Network Interface ► Communication
Protocol.
The commands for changing the settings are SMODE, INTV, ADDR,
and ECHO.
Web Configuration for LAN and WLAN
The LAN and WLAN interfaces both have a web configuration page that
is accessible using a browser. If you have not disabled the page from the
network settings, you can access it with a web browser at the IP address
of the interface. You can check the currently assigned IP address of the
interface from the device information screens (see Device Information on
page 106), or from the serial line by issuing the net ? command.
When accessing the web configuration page, you must first log in.
Username: user
Password: vaisala
The web configuration page provides similar network configuration
options as the serial line and the display/keypad. It also has additional
options for advanced users. For example, there are more options for
securing the wireless network.
If these additional options are used, they will appear as custom
configurations when viewed from the serial line or the display/keypad.
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1102-017
Figure 55
Web Configuration Interface for WLAN
Terminal Program Settings
The instructions below describe how to connect to the transmitter using
the PuTTY terminal application for Windows. Perform the necessary
cabling and configuration of the transmitter before following the
instructions.
PuTTY is available for download at www.vaisala.com.
NOTE
PuTTY cannot be used to access the transmitter through the User Port if
the transmitter is configured to use the Modbus protocol. However, you
can always use PuTTY to access the transmitter through the Service Port.
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Opening a Serial/USB Connection
1.
2.
3.
Power up the transmitter and start the PuTTY application.
Select the Serial & USB settings category, and check that the
correct COM port is selected in the Serial or USB line to connect
to field. Change the port if necessary.
If you are using a Vaisala USB cable, you can check the port that it
uses by clicking the USB Finder... button. This opens the Vaisala
USB Instrument Finder program that has been installed along with
the USB drivers.
Check that the other serial/USB line settings are correct for your
connection, and change if necessary. The default settings (shown in
Figure 56 below) are used by the Service Port of the transmitter.
0810-070
Figure 56
4.
Opening a Serial Connection
Click the Open button to open the connection window and start
using the serial line.
If PuTTY is unable to open the serial port you selected, it will show
you an error message instead. If this happens, restart PuTTY and
check the settings.
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Opening a Telnet Session (LAN/WLAN)
NOTE
The instructions below assume that the LAN/WLAN interface on the
transmitter is correctly configured and the network connection is already
done.
1.
2.
3.
Power up the instrument and start the PuTTY application. If your
transmitter acquires a network address using DHCP, wait for a
minute for this to complete, then verify the address from the
transmitter.
In the Session window, select the Telnet connection type.
Enter the IP address of your transmitter in the Host Name (or IP
address) field. Use the default Telnet port 23.
0810-071
Figure 57
4.
Opening a Telnet Connection
Click the Open button to open the connection window and start
using the Telnet session.
If PuTTY is unable to connect the IP address you entered, it will
show you an error message instead. If this happens, check the
IP address and the connections, restart PuTTY, and try again.
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List of Serial Commands
All commands can be issued either in uppercase or lowercase. In the
command examples, the keyboard input by the user is in bold type.
The notation <cr> refers to pressing the carriage return (Enter) key on
your computer keyboard. Enter a <cr> to clear the command buffer
before starting to enter commands.
In the tables below, the bold text in the brackets is the default setting.
Table 18
Measurement Commands
Command
R
S
INTV [0 ... 255 S/MIN/H]
SEND [0 ... 255]
DSEND
SMODE
[STOP/RUN/POLL/MODBUS]
SERI [baud p d s]
ADDR [0 ... 255]
NET
WLAN
OPEN [0 ... 255]
CLOSE
Table 19
Command
FORM
FST
SCOM
FDATE
FTIME
Description
Start the continuous outputting
Stop the continuous outputting
Set the continuous output interval
(for RUN mode)
Output the reading once
Output the reading once from all connected
transmitters (in STOP or POLL mode)
Set the serial interface mode
User Port settings (Default: 4800 E 7 1)
Set the transmitter address (for POLL and
MODBUS modes)
View or set networking parameters for LAN
and WLAN interfaces
View or set wireless network parameters
for WLAN interface
Open temporarily connection to a POLL
mode device
Close the temporary connection (back to
POLL Mode)
Formatting Commands
Description
Set the output format of SEND and R
commands
Add the state of AutoCal, purge and sensor
warming in connection with SEND and R
commands
Assign a new command name that works
like the SEND command
Add date to R and SEND outputs
Add time to output to SEND and R outputs
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Table 20
Data Recording Commands
Command
DIR
PLAY [0 ... 24] [START END]
DSEL
DELETE
UNDELETE
Table 21
Purge Commands
Command
PUR
PURGE
Table 22
Description
Purge settings
Start manual purge
Autocalibration Commands
Command
AUTO
AUTOCAL
Table 23
Description
AutoCal settings
Start manual AutoCal
Calibration and Adjustment Commands
Command
FCRH
AØ1
CT
ACAL
Table 24
Description
RH two-point adjustment
Td/f one-point adjustment
T one or two-point-adjustment
Perform analog output adjustment
Setting and Testing the Analog Outputs
Command
ASEL
ITEST
AMODE
AERR
ASCL
AOVER [ON/OFF]
Table 25
Command
RSEL
RTEST
Description
Lists trend log files
Output recorded data file. Start and end
times can only be specified if the data
logger module is installed. The times must
be given in the following format:
yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
Select logged (and displayed) quantities
(1 ... 4)
Delete all data files, including the memory
of the optional data logger module
Recover the deleted files that have not
been overwritten
Description
Configure analog output quantities and
scales
Test analog outputs
Display analog output mode
Change the error output
Analog output scaling
Extend analog output range by 10%
Setting and Testing the Relays
Description
Configure relay settings
Test relays
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Table 26
Command
?
??
ALSEL
CON
CDATE
CODE
CTEXT
DATE
DSEND
ECHO
ERRS
FIND
HELP
LIGHT
LOCK
MODBUS
MODS
PRES
RESET
TEST
TIME
UNIT
VERS
XPRES
MOL/MOLI
Other Commands
Description
Output the information about the device
Output the information about the device in
POLL-state
Set display alarms
Set display contrast
Display the output date/set date when
adjustment enabled
Display the order configuration code of the
transmitter
Display the adjustment information text/set
information text when adjustment enabled
Set date.
Output the reading, also in poll mode.
Turn the serial interface echo ON/OFF
Display transmitter error messages
All devices in POLL mode send their
addresses
List the currently available commands
Set the display backlight mode
Lock the menu or disable the keypad
View Modbus diagnostic counters
View information about connected modules
Set the value for pressure compensation
Reset the device
Self-diagnostics information
Set time.
Display output units
Display the software version information
Set pressure (temporarily)
View/set mole weight parameter
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Getting Measurement Message from
Serial Line
Starting Continuous Outputting
R
Enter the R command to start the continuous output of measurements.
Example:
>r
Tdf=-20.6 'C H2O=
>r
Tdf=-20.7 'C H2O=
>
958 ppmV x=
0.6 g/kg
958 ppmV T= 23.8 'C RH=
3.3 %RH
If a value is too long to fit to the allocated space in the output, or if there
is an error in outputting the quantity, the value is displayed with stars '*'.
You can change the format of the output with the following commands:
- Outputting interval can be changed with the INTV command.
- Output message format can be changed with the FORM command.
Stopping Continuous Outputting
S
Use the S command to end the RUN mode. After this command all other
commands can be used. You can also press the Esc button or reset the
transmitter to stop the outputting.
See command SMODE to change the default (power-up) operation
mode.
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Outputting Reading Once
Use the SEND command to output the reading once in STOP mode. The
output format depends on which parameters the transmitter can output.
SEND<cr>
Examples:
>send
Tdf= -5.8 'C H2O=
3715 ppmV x=
2.3 g/kg
>send
Tdf= -5.9 'C Td= -6.6 'C Tdfa= -5.9 'C Tda= -6.6 'C H2O=
3696 ppmV x=
2.3 g/kg RH= 13.9 %RH a= 2.7 g/m3
aNTP=
3.0 g/m3
T= 22.2 'C dT= 28.1 'C
Assign an Alias for the SEND Command
Use the SCOM command to assign a new command that works like the
SEND command. The standard SEND command of the transmitter will
always function normally whatever the SCOM definition may be.
Command names are case-insensitive.
SCOM<cr>
Example (assigning the command MEASURE as an alias for the SEND
command):
>scom
Send command
:
>measure
Tdf= -5.8 'C H2O=
? measure
3715 ppmV x=
2.3 g/kg
>
You can remove the SCOM definition by pressing Esc when entering the
command name:
>scom
Send command
: measure ? <esc>
>
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Outputting Reading Once From All Transmitters
Use the DSEND command to output the reading once from all connected
transmitters that are in STOP or POLL modes. In order to avoid data
collisions, the transmitters will send their response after a suitable delay.
The response includes the transmitters’s address, followed by their
measurement message.
NOTE
The total execution time of the DSEND command depends on the bit rate
of the serial port connection. At slow speeds, it will take a considerable
amount of time for devices with large address number to respond. The
delay will be the same even if there are no other devices at all.
DSEND<cr>
Example (transmitters with addresses 3 and 25 responding):
>dsend
3 Tdf= -5.8 'C H2O=
25 Tdf= -1.1 'C H2O=
>
3715 ppmV x=
5549 ppmV x=
2.3 g/kg
3.5 g/kg
Communicating with a Transmitter in POLL
Mode
OPEN
When all transmitters on the RS-485 bus are in POLL mode the OPEN
command sets one transmitter temporarily to STOP mode so that other
commands can be entered.
OPEN [aa]<cr>
where
aa =
Address of the transmitter (0 ... 255)
CLOSE
The CLOSE command switches the transmitter back to the POLL mode.
Example:
>OPEN 2
(opens the line to transmitter 2, other
transmitters stay in POLL mode)
>CRH
...
>CLOSE
(for example, calibration performed)
(line closed)
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Formatting Serial Line Message
NOTE
Instead of using the FTIME, FDATE and FST commands described in
this section, you can use the FORM command with modifiers TIME,
DATE, and STAT. See section FORM on page 98.
FTIME and FDATE
FTIME and FDATE commands will enable/disable output of time and
date to the serial line. To add time to R and SEND outputs enter:
FTIME [x]<cr>
To add date to R and SEND outputs enter:
FDATE [x]<cr>
where
x
=
ON or OFF
Example:
>send
RH= 16.2 %RH T= 22.0 'C
>ftime on
Form. time
: ON
>send
00:03:56 RH= 16.2 %RH T= 22.0 'C
>fdate on
Form. date
: ON
>send
2000-01-01 00:04:08 RH= 16.2 %RH T= 22.0 'C
>
FST
Use the FST command to include the status of purge, sensor warming
and AutoCal in output from the SEND and R commands.
FST [x]<cr>
where
x
=
ON or OFF (default)
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Example:
>fst on
Form. status
>send
w
0 Tdf=
'C
>
: ON
0.6 'C x=
4.0 g/kg
SSR= 22.5 %
Ts= 23.2
where the state of the probe is indicated by the following letters
and values:
w...xxx = Sensor warming where xxx
H...xxx = Purge
S...xxx = Sensor cooling
after purge
A...xxx = AutoCal
where xxx
where xxx
= Sensor heat power
(0 when not warming)
= Sensor temperature (ºC)
= Sensor temperature (ºC)
where xxx
= Sensor temperature (ºC)
General Settings
Changing Quantities and Units
To change quantities and units use serial commands or the optional
display/keypad. See Table 5 on page 20 for available quantities.
NOTE
Only the quantities selected when ordering the device can be selected as
an output quantity.
Using Display/Keypad
Use display/keypad to select the display output quantities.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Press the ► arrow button to select Display.
Press ► arrow button to select Quantities.
Select the quantity by using the ▲▼ arrow buttons. Confirm the
selection by pressing SELECT. You can select 1 ... 4 display
quantities at a time.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
To select display units:
1.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
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2.
3.
4.
5.
NOTE
Press the ► arrow button to select Display.
Use the ▲▼arrow buttons to select Units. Confirm the selection
by pressing the right-hand arrow button.
Use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to select display units. Confirm the
selection by pressing CHANGE. The unit changes from metric to
non-metric or the other way round.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
Changing the units by using the display/keypad has no effect on the
serial output units.
Using Serial Line
Use the serial line command FORM to change the format, and the
command UNIT to select metric or non-metric output units.
FORM
Use the serial line command FORM to change the format or select a
certain quantities for the output commands SEND and R.
FORM [x]<cr>
where
x
=
Formatter string
Formatter string consists of quantities and modifiers. If no formatter
string is entered, the command will display the currently active formatter
string. Note that the hash symbol "#" is shown as a backslash "\" when
viewing the current formatter string.
When selecting the quantity, use the abbreviations of the quantities
presented in Table 5 on page 20 when issuing the command. The
modifiers are presented in Table 27 on page 99.
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Table 27
FORM Command Modifiers
Modifier
x.y
#t
#r
#n
""
#xxx
Description
Length modifier (number of digits and decimal places)
Tabulator
Carriage-return
Line feed
String constant
Special character, code "xxx" (decimal), for example #027
for ESC
Unit field and length (length optional)
Transmitter address [00...255]
Error flags for P, T, Ta, RH [0000 ... 1111], 0 = no error
Transmitter status in 7 character field, for example:
N
0
no heating
h 115
probe heating active, power 115/255
H 159.0
purge heating active, temperature 159 ºC
S 115.0
purge cooling active, temperature 115 ºC
X 95.0
sensor heating active, temperature 95 ºC
Transmitter serial number
Time [hh:mm:ss]
Date [yyyy-mm-dd]
Pressure stability indicator, two characters [OK or " "]
Modulus-256 checksum of message sent so far, ASCII
encoded hexadecimal notation
Modulus-65536 checksum of message sent so far, ASCII
encoded hexadecimal notation
NMEA xor-checksum of message sent so far, ASCII
encoded hexadecimal notation
U5
ADDR
ERR
STAT
SN
TIME
DATE
OK
CS2
CS4
CSX
Example:
>form "SSR=" 4.2 ssr U5 #t "Ts=" ts U3 #r #n
OK
>send
SSR= 22.51%
Ts= 23.14'C
Command 'FORM /' will return the default output format. The default
output format depends on the device configuration.
>form /
OK
>send
Tdf= 0.5 'C x=
4.0 g/kg
SSR= 22.4 %
Ts= 23.1 'C
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UNIT
Use the UNIT command to select metric or non-metric output units, and
change the unit for the H2O quantity:
UNIT [x]<cr>
where
x
=
Unit system to be used. Options are:
M (metric units)
N (non-metric units)
UNIT H2O [y]<cr>
where
y
NOTE
=
Unit to be used for H20. Options are:
PPMV (parts per million by volume)
PPMW (parts per million by weight)
This command changes both the serial output and display units to either
metric or non-metric units. When you want to output both metric and
non-metric units simultaneously on the display, select the display units
by using the display/keypad.
Examples:
>unit m
Output units
>
: metric
>unit h2o ppmv
H2O units
: ppmV
>
Use the MOL/MOLI command to view/set mole weight parameter that
will be used in calculating H2O ppmw.
Pressure Compensation Setting
The pressure has an effect on humidity calculations and accuracy.
Therefore, accurate calculations can be achieved only when the process
pressure is taken into consideration. If you are using mixing ratio as an
output quantity, it is recommended that you make the pressure
compensation setting.
Note that conversions from mmHg and inHg are defined at 0°C and for
mmH2O and inH2O at 4°C.
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NOTE
Pressure compensation is intended to be used in normal air only. When
measuring in other gases, please contact Vaisala for further information.
NOTE
Fixed pressure compensation value of 1013.25 hPa is used when in
adjustment mode.
Using Display/Keypad
Use display/keypad to set the pressure compensation. To select the
pressure unit using display/keypad see section Changing Quantities and
Units on page 97.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Measuring and press the ►arrow button to confirm your
selection.
Select Pressure compensation and press the ► arrow button to
confirm you selection.
Press SET and enter the pressure value by using the arrow buttons.
Press OK and EXIT to return to the basic display.
Using Buttons on Motherboard
Pressure set buttons (Pchk and Pset) can be used to set the process
pressure.
0504-052
Figure 58
Pressure Set Buttons on Motherboard
The following numbers refer to Figure 58 above:
1
2
=
=
Pressure set button
Pressure check button
Press check button (Pchk) and a red LED will flash the current pressure
setting in bara.
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Press the set button (Pset) to set the pressure value. The number of presses
equals the number of bara to be set (for example,
three presses = three bara). After a few seconds, the red LED will confirm
the setting by flashing the new pressure value.
Using Serial Line
XPRES and PRES
Command XPRES must be used if the value is changed frequently (for
example, by an automatic system that updates the value). Its value is not
retained at reset, and when set to 0; last value set with PRES is used
instead. Use the serial line and do the following:
PRES [aaaa.a]<cr>
XPRES [aaaa.a]<cr>
where
aaaa.a = Absolute process pressure (hPa)
Examples:
>pres
Pressure
>pres 1010
Pressure
>
Table 28
: 1013.00 hPa ?
: 1010.00 hPa
Conversion Factors for Pressure Units
From
mbar
PaN/m2
mmHg torr
inHg
mmH2O
inH2O
atm
at
bar
psia 1)
To: hPa
1
0.01
1.333224
33.86388
0.09806650
2.490889
1013.25
980.665
1000
68.94757
1) psia = psi absolute
Example:
29.9213 inHg = 29.9213 × 33.86388 hPa = 1013.25 hPa
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Date and Time
Using Display/Keypad
If the optional Data Logger Module is installed, you can change the time
and date using the display/keypad.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the Main Menu.
Select System and press the ► arrow button to confirm your
selection.
Select Date and time and press the ► arrow button.
Press the SET button to enter the adjustment mode, and use the
arrow buttons to select and change the values.
You can also change the date and time formats that are shown in
the graphs. The selected formats are only used in graphical display,
they do not change the formats that are used in the serial
communication.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
Using Serial Line
To set time enter the TIME command. To set date enter the DATE
command.
TIME<cr>
DATE<cr>
These time and date settings are shown on the timestamps of PLAY
command. When you want to include time and date in the R and SEND
commands, use the FTIME and FDATE commands.
Example:
NOTE
>time
Time
: 13:42:49 ?
>date
Date
: 2007-05-31 ?
If the optional Data Logger Module is not installed, time and date
available on the serial ports (only) are cleared to 2000-01-01 00:00:00 at
reset or at power failure.
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Data Filtering
The averaging data filter calculates a average over a certain period of
time. The lowest measurement noise is achieved with the extended
filtering. There are three filtering levels available.
Table 29
Setting
OFF
STANDARD
EXTENDED
Filtering Levels
Filtering Level
No filtering.
Standard filtering, enabled by default.
Approximately 13 s moving average.
Extended filtering. Approximately 1 min average by
default, but configurable on the serial line.
Use display/keypad to set the filtering level.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Measuring by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Filtering and press CHANGE to confirm your selection.
Select Off/Standard/Extended and press SELECT to confirm
your selection.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
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FILT
Use the serial line command FILT to set the filtering level.
FILT [level] [extfactor]<cr>
where
level
= Filtering level. The options are:
OFF (no filtering)
ON (standard filtering, enabled by default.
Approximately 13 s moving average)
EXT (extended filtering, approximately 1 min average by
default but configurable by changing the extfactor)
extfactor = Weighted average factor for extended filtering level.
Range 0 ... 1, default 0.030.
In extended filtering mode, the output is calculated based
on the following formula:
[(new result * extfactor) + (old result * (1.0 - extfactor))]
This means that with extfactor value 1 the transmitter
will take only the latest measurement into account, but
with extfactor value 0.1 a new output is a combination of
the previous output (90%) and the latest measurement
(10%).
Example (enable extended filtering):
>filt ext
Filter
>
: EXT
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Device Information
Use the display/keypad or the serial line to display the device
information.
Press the INFO button in the basic display to see the following
information:
-
Current sensor operation (for example, AutoCal or Purge) in progress
Present or past unacknowledged errors
Device information
Current date and time (only shown if data logger module installed)
Adjustment information fed by the user
Measuring settings
Information on Purge settings
Display Alarm settings
Serial interface information
Network settings and status of the LAN and WLAN interfaces
Analog output information
Relay output information
1103-064
Figure 59
Device Information on Display
Proceed in the information views by pressing the MORE button
repeatedly until you get the desired information. You can browse through
the information displays also with arrow buttons. Press OK to return to
the basic display.
?
Use the serial line command ? to check the current transmitter
configuration. Command ?? is similar but can also be used if the
transmitter is in POLL mode.
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Example:
>?
DMT340 / 5.10.0
Serial number :
Batch number
:
Adjust. date
:
Adjust. info
:
Date
:
Time
:
Serial mode
:
Baud P D S
:
Output interval:
Address
:
Echo
:
Pressure
:
Filter
:
Ch1 output
:
Ch2 output
:
Ch1 Tdf
low :
Ch1 Tdf
high :
Ch2 H2O
low :
Ch2 H2O
high :
Module 1
:
Module 2
:
>
D1120014
D0750009
2008-08-16
Helsinki / FIN
2000-01-02
05:12:27
STOP
19200 N 8 1
10 s
0
ON
1013.25 hPa
OFF
0...1V
0...1V
-20.00 'C
100.00 'C
0.00 ppmV
5000.00 ppmV
not installed
not installed
LIGHT
Use the LIGHT command to view or set the backlight mode of the
display (optional). Issuing the command without specifying a mode
shows the current backlight mode.
LIGHT [mode]<cr>
where
mode =
The operating mode of the display backlight. The options are:
ON (backlight always on)
OFF (backlight always off)
AUTO (backlight automatically turns on and off when
keypad is used)
Example:
>light
Backlight
>light auto
Backlight
>
: OFF
: AUTO
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HELP
Use the HELP command to list the currently available commands. The
available commands are determined by the device configuration and
installed options.
Example:
>help
?
ASEL
CON
DIR
FCRH
INTV
MODS
PRES
SCOM
SYSTEM
VERS
ACAL
AUTO
CT
DSEL
FILT
ITEST
MOL
PUR
SDELAY
TEST
XPRES
ADDR
AUTOCAL
CTEXT
DSEND
FORM
LIGHT
MOLI
PURGE
SEND
TIME
AERR
CDATE
DATE
ECHO
HELP
LOCK
NET
R
SMODE
UNDELETE
ALSEL
CLOSE
DELETE
ERRS
IK0
MODBUS
PLAY
RESET
SWARM
UNIT
>
ERRS
Use the ERRS command to display transmitter error messages, see Table
33 on page 147.
Example (no active errors):
>errs
No errors
>
Example (showing active error):
>errs
Error: E2
>
Humidity sensor open circuit.
MODS
Use the MODS command to display information about the optional
modules that are connected to the transmitter.
Example:
>mods
Module 1
: WLAN-1 (POST: release_82000941_J; FW:
Version 82000977_K1 10/16/2008)
Module 2
: LOGGER-1
(1024 MB; HW: B; SW: 5)
>
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VERS
Use the VERS command to display software version information.
Example:
>vers
DMT340 / 5.10
>
Resetting the Device
Use the serial line to reset the device. Use the RESET command to reset
the device. The user port switches to start-up output mode selected with
command SMODE.
Locking Menu/Keypad Using Serial Line
LOCK
Use the LOCK command to prevent the user from entering the menu
using the keypad, or to lock the keypad completely. You can optionally
set a 4-digit PIN code, for example 4444.
If a PIN code has been set, the user will be prompted to enter the code
when trying to access the menu. Entering the code correctly will disable
the lock until the user returns back to the basic view.
LOCK [x] [yyyy]<cr>
where
x
yyyy
= Keypad locking level, range 0...2. The options are:
0 - No lock (enables full access)
1 - Menu locked, but graphs are accessible
2 - Keypad completely disabled
= 4-digit PIN code. The code can only be set when keypad
locking level is 1.
Examples:
>lock 1 4444
Keyboard lock
>
: 1 [4444]
>lock 1
Keyboard lock
>
: 1
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Serial Output Settings
The communication settings for the user port can be changed via the
serial line or by using the optional display/keypad. The communication
settings for the service port are fixed and not changeable.
NOTE
If a communication module (LAN, WLAN, or RS-422/RS-485 interface)
has been installed, the user port is not accessible. Any changes to the
settings are applied to the interface provided by the module, if applicable.
Using Display/Keypad
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Press any of the arrow buttons to open the Main Menu.
Select Interfaces and press the ►arrow button to confirm your
selection.
Select Serial interface and press the ►arrow button to confirm
your selection.
Select Bit rate and Serial format by pressing the CHANGE
button. Use the ▲▼ arrow buttons to select and press SELECT to
confirm your selection.
Select the Protocol to be used by the serial output by pressing the
CHANGE button. Select the option using the ▲▼ arrow buttons
and press SELECT. This is the same serial mode setting that is
changed by the SMODE serial command.
- RUN mode continuously outputs the measurement message at
the set interval. If you select the RUN mode, set the desired
RUN interval also.
- POLL mode enables multiple transmitters to share the same RS485 line. If you select the POLL mode, select the Device
address also, as each transmitter on the line must have an
unique address.
- In STOP mode, transmitter remains silent after reset or power
up, waiting for commands.
- In MODBUS mode, only Modbus protocol communication is
available. See Chapter 5, Modbus, on page 137.
Select the RUN interval and the unit. Press OK to confirm.
Select the Device address and press SET to confirm.
Select ECHO, and press ON to turn to it on, OFF to turn it off.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
The new user port settings set using the display/keypad are effective
immediately.
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Using Serial Line
NOTE
You can use the serial commands to change/view the user port settings
even if you are currently connected to the service port.
SERI
Use the SERI command to set the communication settings for the user
port. Changed settings will be activated at next reset or power up.
SERI [b p d s]<cr>
where
b
=
p
d
s
=
=
=
Bit rate (110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600,19200,
38400, 57600, 115200)
Parity (n = none, e = even, o = odd)
Data bits (7 or 8)
Stop bits (1 or 2)
The settings can be changed one parameter at a time or all parameters at
once.
Example (changing all parameters):
>SERI 600 N 8 1
600 N 8 1
>
Example (changing parity only):
>SERI O
4800 O 7 1
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SMODE
Use the SMODE command to set the user port start-up operating mode.
SMODE [xxxx]<cr>
where
xxx =
STOP, RUN, POLL, or MODBUS.
Table 30
Mode
STOP
RUN
POLL
Selection of Output Modes
Measurement Output
Only with the SEND command.
Automatic output.
Only with the SEND [addr]
command.
MODBUS
Must be read from the
transmitter using MODBUS
protocol.
Available Commands
All (default mode).
Only command S.
SEND [addr] and OPEN [addr].
Other commands available after
opening a line to the transmitter
using the OPEN command.
Use with RS-485 buses where
multiple transmitters can share
the same line.
Modbus protocol only; see
Chapter 5, Modbus, on page 137.
Selected output mode will be activated at next reset or power up.
ADDR
Use the ADDR command to set the device address of the transmitter.
Addresses are required for POLL mode and MODBUS mode (serial
Modbus).
ADDR [aa]<cr>
where
aa =
Device address of the transmitter, range 0 ... 255 (default = 0)
Example (changing the transmitter address from 0 to 52):
>addr
Address
>
: 0 ? 52
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INTV
Use the INTV command to set the RUN mode output interval. The time
interval is used only when the RUN mode is active. Setting RUN output
interval to zero enables the fastest possible output rate.
INTV [xxx yyy]<cr>
where
xxx
yyy
= Delay, range 0 ... 255.
= Unit: S, MIN or H.
Example (setting the output interval to 10 minutes):
>intv 10 min
Output interval: 10 min
>
SDELAY
With the SDELAY command you can set delay (response time) for user
port, or view currently set delay value. Adjusting the delay may be
needed when half-duplex communication (typically two-wire RS-485) is
used.
The delay value corresponds to tens of milliseconds (for example, 5 =
0.050s minimum answer delay). The value can be set between 0 ... 254.
Example:
>sdelay
Serial delay
: 0 ? 10
>sdelay
Serial delay
: 10 ?
ECHO
Use the ECHO command to set the user port echo. The command either
enables or disables echo of characters received.
ECHO [x]<cr>
where
x
NOTE
=
ON (enabled, default) or OFF (disabled)
When using the RS-485 interface with a 2-wire connection, always
disable echo. When using a RS-232, RS-422/485 4-wire connection,
LAN, or WLAN, you can enable or disable it as you wish.
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Data Recording
Data recording function is always on and collects data automatically into
the memory of the device. If the optional data logger module is installed,
the transmitter uses it automatically. Recorded data does not disappear
from the memory when the power is switched off. Collected data can be
observed in a form of a graph in the graphical view of the display or it
can be listed out by using the serial line or MI70 Link program.
Selecting Data Recording Quantities
If the device is provided with the optional display, the recorded quantities
are always those selected for the display. Up to three quantities can be
recorded at a time. See section Changing Quantities and Units on page 97
for instructions on how to select the display quantities with the keypad.
DSEL
Use the serial line command DSEL [xxx] to select the quantities to be
recorded if the transmitter is not equipped with display/keypad.
You may also dump the logged data to the serial line in numeric form
with the following commands.
Syntax: DSEL [xxx]
where
xxx =
Data recording quantity. See Table 5 on page 20 for available
output quantities.
Issue the command without parameters and press Enter to display the
current recording parameters.
Example:
>dsel tdf x
Tdf x
>dsel
Tdf x
>
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View Recorded Data
If the device is provided with the optional display, the graphical display
shows the data of the selected quantities, one at a time. See section
Graphic History on page 65 for details about graphical display.
DIR
Use the serial line and issue the DIR command to check the available
files.
Without the data logger module, the transmitter records five files (five
observation periods) for each selected quantity. The data logger raises the
number of recorded files to six for each quantity. Thus, the total amount
of the files varies between 5 and 24. See Table 11 on page 65.
Select, for example, two quantities (T and Tdf). The last column
illustrates the number of data points that has been stored in the file.
Example (data logger module installed):
>dir
File
1 T
2 T
3 T
4 T
5 T
6 T
7 Tdf
8 Tdf
9 Tdf
10 Tdf
11 Tdf
12 Tdf
>
description
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(12 d intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(12 d intervals)
Oldest data available
2007-05-30 05:25:30
2007-05-29 05:48:00
2007-05-19 02:00:00
2007-03-23 12:00:00
2006-04-20 00:00:00
2002-12-16 00:00:00
2007-05-30 05:25:30
2007-05-29 05:48:00
2007-05-19 02:00:00
2007-03-23 12:00:00
2006-04-20 00:00:00
2002-12-16 00:00:00
No. of points
1555200
194400
19440
3240
540
135
1555200
194400
19440
3240
540
135
Example (without data logger module):
>dir
File
1 T
2 T
3 T
4 T
5 T
6 Tdf
7 Tdf
8 Tdf
9 Tdf
10 Tdf
>
description
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
(90 s intervals)
(12 min intervals)
(2 h intervals)
(12 h intervals)
(3 d intervals)
Oldest data available
2008-04-11 20:41:11
2008-04-10 21:03:41
2008-03-31 18:03:41
2008-02-04 12:03:41
2007-03-04 00:03:41
2008-04-11 20:41:11
2008-04-10 21:03:41
2008-03-31 18:03:41
2008-02-04 12:03:41
2007-03-04 00:03:41
No. of points
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
135
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PLAY
Use the PLAY command to output the selected file to the serial line. If
the data logger module is installed, you can specify an interval to be
outputted.
Data in the output is <TAB> delimited. This is compatible with most
spreadsheet programs. Before giving the command, set the local date and
time with TIME and DATE commands, if needed.
PLAY [x] [start_date start_time end_date end_time]<cr>
where
x
=
start_date =
start_time =
end_date
=
end_time
=
Number of the data file that will be outputted, range
0 ... 18. The numbers correspond to the output of the
DIR command; refer to the example on page 115.
Selecting number 0 will output all data files.
Starting date of the interval to be outputted. Must be
given in the following format: yyyy-mm-dd.
Starting time of the interval to be outputted. Must be
given in the format hh:mm:ss or h:mm.
Ending date of the interval to be outputted. Must be
given in the following format: yyyy-mm-dd.
Ending time of the interval to be outputted. Must be
given in the format hh:mm:ss or h:mm.
Example:
>play 7 2007-05-05 00:00:00 2007-05-06 00:00:00
Tdf (12 min intervals) 2007-05-05 00:00:00 121
Date
Time
trend
min
max
yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
'C
'C
'C
2007-05-05 00:00:00 -22.60
-22.63
-22.57
2007-05-05 00:12:00 -22.55
-22.58
-22.53
2007-05-05 00:24:00 -22.50
-22.53
-22.45
2007-05-05 00:36:00 -22.43
-22.45
-22.41
2007-05-05 00:48:00 -22.35
-22.41
-22.32
2007-05-05 01:00:00 -22.31
-22.33
-22.29
...
NOTE
Output of large amounts of recorded data can result in huge data files
and take a long time, up to several days for the entire memory of the
data logger. To make it easier to process the data it is recommended to
select the largest suitable data interval, and to specify the start and end
times carefully.
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Deleting Recorded Files
You can delete the recorded data files using the keypad/display, or the
DELETE command on the serial line. The deletion is always done for all
data; you cannot delete individual files.
Note that the transmitter automatically overwrites the old data when the
memory is full, so manual deletion of the recorded files is not necessary
in normal use.
To delete the data files using the keypad/display:
1.
2.
3.
CAUTION
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select System by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Clear graph memories by pressing the CLEAR button.
Press the YES button to confirm the selection.
This function clears the entire data history of the transmitter, including
all graphs and the content of the optional data logger module.
UNDELETE
Similarly to the DELETE command, the UNDELETE command is used
without any arguments. It will recover all deleted data that has not been
overwritten yet.
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Analog Output Settings
The analog outputs are set in the factory according to the order form. In
case you want to change the settings, follow these instructions.
Changing Output Mode and Range
Both output channels have their own dip switch module with 8 switches,
see the position in Figure 2 on page 23 (dip switches for analog output
settings).
1.
2.
Select the current/voltage output, switch ON either of the switches,
1 or 2.
Select the range, switch ON one of the switches from 3 to 7.
0503-045
Figure 60
Current/Voltage Switches of Output Modules
The following numbers refer to Figure 60 above:
NOTE
1
2
=
=
3
=
Current/voltage selection output switches (from 1 to 2)
Current/voltage range selection switches (from 3 to 7) in
analog output 1 and 2
Switches for service use only. Keep in OFF position always.
Only set one mode and one range switch to ON for one output channel.
The rest of the switches must remain OFF.
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Example:
0 ... 5 V voltage output selected for channel 1 and 4 ... 20 mA selected
for channel 2.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
NOTE
OFF
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
█
ON
Selection
█
Voltage output selected
█
0 ... 5 V selected
█
Current output selected
█
4 ... 20 mA selected
If you have customized the error output setting (AERR), check that the
set error values are still valid after changing the output mode/range. See
section Analog Output Fault Indication Setting on page 122.
Analog Output Quantities
NOTE
The relative humidity and temperature readings are not those of the
process itself but the ones measured after the cooling process.
Therefore, they should not be selected as output quantities. They are
meant to be used in calibration or during installation.
Use the display/keypad to change and scale the analog output quantities.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Interfaces by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Analog outputs by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Output 1/2/3 by pressing the ► arrow button.
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Select Quantity by pressing the ▲▼ arrow buttons. Confirm your
selection by pressing CHANGE.
Select the quantity by using the arrow buttons. Press SELECT to
confirm your selection.
Select Scale, lower limit, by pressing the ▲▼arrow buttons. Press
SET to confirm your selection. Press OK to confirm your setting.
Select the upper limit by pressing the ▲▼arrow buttons. Use the
arrow buttons to set the upper limit value. Press SET to confirm
your selection. Press OK to confirm your setting.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
AMODE/ASEL
Use the serial line to select and scale the analog output quantities. Check
the analog output modes with the AMODE command.
AMODE<cr>
Example:
>amode
Ch1 output
Ch2 output
>
: 0...1V
: 0...1V
Select and scale the quantities for the analog outputs with the command
ASEL. Note that the optional quantities can be selected only if they have
been selected when ordering the device.
ASEL [xxx yyy zzz]<cr>
where
xxx =
yyy =
zzz =
Quantity of channel 1
Quantity of channel 2
Quantity of the optional analog output channel 3
Always enter all the quantities for all outputs. For quantities and their
abbreviations see Table 5 on page 20.
Use the ASEL [xxx yyy] command as shown in the example below when
using a device with two analog outputs.
Example:
>asel
Ch1 Tdf
Ch1 Tdf
Ch2 x
Ch2 x
>
low
high
low
high
:
:
:
:
-20.00 'C ?
100.00 'C ?
0.00 g/kg ?
500.00 g/kg ?
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Analog Output Tests
Use the display/keypad to test the operation of the analog outputs by
forcing the outputs to known values. Measure then the values with a
current/voltage meter.
Use the display/keypad for testing.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select System by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Diagnostics by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Analog output tests by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select one of the testing options Force 0 %/50%/100% of scale.
Press TEST to confirm your selection. All outputs are tested
simultaneously. The actual output value depends on the selected
range.
Press OK to stop testing. Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
ITEST
Use the ITEST command to test the operation of the analog outputs. The
ITEST command forces the analog outputs to entered values. The analog
outputs remain at these values until you enter the command ITEST
without parameters or reset the transmitter.
ITEST [aa.aaa bb.bbb cc.ccc]<cr>
where
aa.aaa = Current or voltage value to be set for channel 1 (mA or V)
bb.bbb = Current or voltage value to be set for channel 2 (mA or V)
cc.ccc = Current or voltage value to be set for channel 3 (optional)
(mA or V)
Example:
>itest 20
Ch1 (Tdf )
Ch2 (x
)
>itest 20 5
Ch1 (Tdf )
Ch2 (x
)
>
:
:
*
*
20.000 mA
20.000 mA
H'CCD3
H'CCCB
:
:
*
*
20.000 mA
5.000 mA
H'CCD3
H'34BD
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Analog Output Fault Indication Setting
Factory default state for analog outputs during error condition is 0 V/
0 mA. Please be careful when selecting the new error value. The error
state of the transmitter should not cause unexpected problems in process
monitoring.
Use the display/keypad to set the analog output fault indication.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Interfaces by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Analog Outputs by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Output 1/2/3 by pressing the ► arrow button.
Select Fault indication. Press SET to confirm your selection.
Enter the fault indication value by using the arrow buttons. Press
OK to confirm your setting. This value is outputted if a transmitter
error occurs.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
AERR
Use the serial line AERR command to change the error output.
AERR
Example:
>aerr
Ch1 error out
Ch2 error out
>
: 0.000V ? 5.0
: 0.000V ? 5.0
NOTE
The error output value must be within a valid range for the output type.
NOTE
The error output value is displayed only when there are minor electrical
faults such as a humidity sensor damage. When there is a severe device
malfunction, the error output value is not necessarily outputted.
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Extend Analog Output Range
Use the AOVER command to allow the analog output channels to
exceed their specified range by 10%. The scaling of the parameter
remains as before; the extra range is used for additional measurement
range in the high end of the scale.
AOVER [ON/OFF]<cr>
Example:
>aover on
Extended output: ON
>
The following example illustrates how the analog output is affected.
Channel 2 outputs temperature (T) with voltage output 0 … 5 V
(0 … 60 °C). After giving the AOVER ON command, the range is
0 … 5.5 V (0 … 66 °C). Note that the 60 °C point is still at 5 V.
Operation of Relays
Quantity for Relay Output
A relay monitors the quantity chosen for the relay output. Any of the
quantities available can be chosen.
Measurement-Based Relay Output
Modes
Relay Setpoints
When the measured value is in between the "above" and "below" values,
the relay is passive. When choosing lower value as "above" value and
higher value as "below" value, the relay is passive when the measured
value is not between the setpoints. You can also set only one setpoint.
See Figure 61 on page 124 for illustrative examples of the different
measurement-based relay output modes.
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1102-007
Figure 61
Measurement-Based Relay Output Modes
Mode 4 is usually used if an alarm needs to be triggered when the
measured value exceeds a safe range. The relay is active when
measurement is in range, and is released if the value goes out of range or
the measurement fails.
NOTE
If the measurement of the selected quantity fails or the transmitter loses
its power, the relay is released.
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Hysteresis
Hysteresis function is to prevent the relay switching back and forth when
the measured value is near to the setpoint values.
Relay is activated when the measured value passes the exact value of the
setpoint. When returning and passing the setpoint again relay is not
released before the value reaches the setpoint increased/decreased by the
hysteresis value.
Hysteresis should be smaller than difference of the setpoints.
Example:
When the 'active above' value is 50 ºC and the hysteresis value is 2 ºC,
relay activates when the relative humidity reaches 50 ºC. As the humidity
then decreases, relay releases at 48 ºC.
>rsel tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
>
NOTE
ts
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
0.00 'C ?
0.00 'C ?
0.00 'C ?
OFF ? on
0.00 'C ?
0.00 'C ?
0.00 'C ?
OFF ? on
50
2
80
60
1
If both setpoints are specified and "above" setpoint is lower than
"below" setpoint, the hysteresis works in the opposite direction, that is,
relay is released when the measured value passes the exact value of the
setpoint.
Relay Indicating Transmitter Error Status
You can set a relay to follow the operation status of the device. By
selecting FAULT/ONLINE STATUS for output quantity a relay changes
state on the basis of the operation status as follows:
FAULT STATUS
Normal operation: relay active (C and NO outputs are closed)
Not measuring state (error state or power off): relay released (C and NC
outputs are closed)
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ONLINE STATUS
Live measurement (data available): relay active (C and NO outputs are
closed)
No live data (for example: error state, chemical purge or adjustment
mode): relay released (C and NC outputs are closed)
See Figure 62 below for illustrative examples of the FAULT/ONLINE
STATUS relay output modes.
1102-040
Figure 62
FAULT/ONLINE STATUS Relay Output Modes
FAULT/ONLINE STATUS relays are usually used in conjunction with
an analog output to obtain validity information for the output value.
NOTE
If transmitter loses its power, all status-based relays are released
similarly to the case of an instrument failure.
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Table 31
Relay State Examples
Criterion for
Relay Activation
Transmitter
Operation Status
NC-C
Connected
NO-C
Connected
Not chosen
Power off
Td/f below -10 °C*
Td/f above -10 °C *
Measured Td/f
above -10 °C
Measured Td/f
below -10 °C
Measured Td/f
above -10 °C
Measured Td/f
below -10 °C
Measurement OK
Fault status
Error active
Measurement live
Purge, AutoCal, or
sensor warming
active
* Hysteresis has an effect when relay switching is based on live measurement.
See section Hysteresis on page 125.
Online status
Enabling/Disabling Relays
You can deactivate the relay outputs for example for service purposes of
your system.
Indication Led Operation
Relay is activated:
Relay is not activated:
LED is lit
LED is not lit
Setting Relay Outputs
NOTE
When you have only one relay module installed, its relays are called
“relay 1” and “relay 2”.
When you have two relay modules, the relays of the module connected
to slot MODULE 1 are called “relay 1” and “relay 2” and relays
connected to slot MODULE 2 are called “relay 3” and “relay 4”.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 127
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0706-029
Figure 63
Relay Availability
Arrow in Figure 63 above shows where enabled relays are listed on the
display. Activation state shown in black. Disabled relays are not shown.
Use the display/keypad to set the relay outputs.
1.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
2.
Select Interfaces, confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
3.
Select Relay outputs, confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
4.
Select Relay 1/2/3/4, confirm by pressing the ►arrow button.
5.
Select the Quantity, confirm by pressing Change. Select the
Quantity by using the arrow buttons. Confirm your selection by
pressing Select. (Press Fault Status when the relay follows the
transmitter error.) Press Change to set the value.
6.
Select Act. above / Act. below. Press SET to confirm your
selection. If asked, select MODIFY if you want to set the setpoint
by using the arrow buttons. Select REMOVE if you want to
remove the setpoint.
7.
Select Hysteresis. Press SET. Set the hysteresis by using the arrow
buttons. Press OK.
8.
Select Relay enable, press ON/OFF to enable/disable the relay.
RSEL
Use the serial line to select the quantity, setpoints and hysteresis or
enable/disable the relay outputs. Issue the RSEL command.
RSEL [q1 q2 q3 q4]<cr>
where
q1
q2
q3
q4
=
=
=
=
Quantity for the relay 1 or Fault/Online
Quantity for the relay 2 or Fault/Online
Quantity for the relay 3 or Fault/Online
Quantity for the relay 4 or Fault/Online
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Factory setting: All relays disabled.
Use the quantity abbreviations presented above. See Table 5 on page 20.
Example of window limit switch: Selecting relay 1 to follow dewpoint
measurement and relay 2 to follow sensor temperature measurement.
Two relay setpoints are set for both relays.
>rsel tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel1 Tdf
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
>
ts
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
70.00 'C ? 50
- ? 30
2.00 'C ? 2
ON ? on
140.00 'C ? 140
- ? 80
2.00 'C ? 2
ON ? on
Example of normal limit switch: Selecting relay 1 to follow sensor
saturation rate and relay 2 to follow sensor temperature. One setpoint is
chosen for all the outputs.
>rsel ssr
Rel1 SSR
Rel1 SSR
Rel1 SSR
Rel1 SSR
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
Rel2 Ts
>
ts
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
above:
below:
hyst :
enabl:
50.00 % ? 70
- ? 2.00 % ? 2
ON ? on
80.00 'C ? 140
60.00 'C ? 1.00 'C ? 2
ON ? on
Example of using relay 1 as fault alarm: Selecting relay 1 to follow the
fault status and relay 2 to follow the temperature measurement.
>rsel fault ts
Rel1 FAUL above:
Rel1 FAUL below:
Rel1 FAUL hyst :
Rel1 FAUL enabl:
Rel2 Ts
above:
Rel2 Ts
below:
Rel2 Ts
hyst :
Rel2 Ts
enabl:
>
ON ? on
140.00 'C ? 140
80.00 'C ? 80
2.00 'C ? 2
ON ? on
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Testing Operation of Relays
Testing activates relays even if they are disabled.
Use the module push buttons to activate the relays. Press the REL 1 or
REL 2 button to activate the corresponding relay.
Use the display/keydpad to test the operation of relays.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select System, press the ► arrow button.
Select Diagnostics, press the ► arrow button.
Select Relay tests, press the ► arrow button.
Select Invert relay 1 ... , press TEST. Now the selected relay
output is forced to opposite state. Press OK to return to normal
operation.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
RTEST
Use the serial line command RTEST [ON/OFF ON/OFF] to test the
operation of the relays.
Example: Testing all four relays.
>rtest on on on on
ON ON ON ON
>
>rtest off off off off
OFF OFF OFF OFF
Issue the command RTEST to stop testing.
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Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Sensor Functions
AutoCal
To obtain the best possible accuracy in measurements taken in dry
environments, DMT345 and DMT346 have a built-in AutoCal feature.
During the AutoCal, the transmitter adjusts the dry-end reading to
correspond to the calibrated values. This is a unique and patented method
to avoid errors in accuracy when monitoring low dewpoints.
The AutoCal is carried out if the following criteria for the measurement
environment are fulfilled:
- Relative humidity must be <10 %.
- Temperature must be 0<T<140 ºC.
- Humidity environment must be stable. The maximum change in the
dewpoint can be 2 ºC in 15 seconds.
NOTE
AutoCal cannot operate if the above conditions are not fulfilled.
If the adjustment in the AutoCal reaches a preset maximum value or if
the AutoCal correction fails, for example, because of unstable conditions,
a new AutoCal will take place later (if the automatic AutoCal is turned
on).
Automatic AutoCal
As a default, the automatic AutoCal in DMT345 and DMT346 is turned
on. In this mode, the calibration takes place automatically if the dewpoint
or temperature changes significantly, typically more than 10 ºC.
However, if there are no changes in the conditions, the AutoCal will take
place repeatedly after one hour from the last AutoCal.
Manual AutoCal
To ensure that AutoCal has taken place for obtaining the most accurate
measurement in a very dry environment, you can perform Autocal
manually before measuring as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▲▼◄► arrow
buttons.
Select Measuring, press the ► arrow button.
Select Manual AutoCal, press the ► arrow button.
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4.
Press START to start AutoCal. If the AutoCal conditions are not
fulfilled, a note appears on the display informing that the
calibration cannot be made.
0706-014
Figure 64
5.
Following AutoCal on the Display
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
You can also activate Manual AutoCal by pressing both AUTOCAL
buttons on the transmitter motherboard. These are the same buttons as the
pressure set buttons, but when pressed simultaneously, they will start the
AutoCal procedure. See Figure 58 on page 101 for location of the
AUTOCAL/pressure set buttons.
If the AutoCal conditions are not fulfilled, a note appears on the display
informing that the calibration cannot be made.
Sensor Purge
Sensor Purge is available for DMT345 and DMT346. The Purge should
be carried out to achieve the shortest response times and the best longterm stability.
Sensor Purge is an automatic procedure, in which the sensor is dried.
Thus, the sensor will respond very fast when installing the probe from an
ambient to a dry gas. Sensor Purge also corrects the possible gain drift
caused by some chemicals, thus ensuring together with AutoCal the best
measurement accuracy and long-term stability.
As a default, the interval Purge and power-up Purge are turned on
automatically in DMT345 and DMT346. It is recommended not to turn
them off. The automatic sensor Purge can also be started manually. If
enabled, power-up Purge will start always about 10 seconds after reset. If
the power is continuously turned on in the transmitter, the automatic
sensor Purge will be performed at an interval of 24 hours.
A sensor purge should be performed always before calibration (see the
calibration instructions) or when there is a reason to believe that a sensor
has become exposed to an interfering chemical.
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Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Starting and Configuring Sensor Purge
Using Display/Keypad (Optional)
1.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
2.
Select ►Measuring, press ►button.
3.
Select ►Purge, press ► button.
1103-067
Figure 65
4.
Sensor Purge Settings
- Start the sensor purge manually by selecting Start purge now
and pressing START.
- Select Purge on power-up by using the arrow buttons. Press
On/Off to turn the start-up purge on/off.
- Set the automatic purge interval by selecting Interval: ..., press
SET. Set the purge interval and the unit (minutes/hours) by
using the arrow buttons. The interval must be 10 min … 48 h.
Press OK.
- If you have the data logger module installed, you can also
specify the Date and Time when the purge is performed next.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
1103-066
Figure 66
Performing Sensor Purge
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Using Serial Line
PURGE
Use the PURGE command to start the sensor purge immediately.
PURGE<cr>
Example:
>purge
Purge started, press any key to abort.
>
The prompt '>' appears when the heating period is over. However, the
transmitter outputs are locked to the values measured before performing
sensor purge until the settling time is over.
PUR
With PUR command you can enable or disable automatic and power-up
sensor purge and set the interval for automatic purge. The default purge
interval is 24 hours. If the sensor is exposed to chemicals it is
recommended to have the sensor purge done at least once in 720 min
(=12 hours). In applications where the chemical exposure is not likely,
the interval can be longer.
PUR<cr>
If the transmitter has a data logger module installed, you can also set the
starting date and time for the interval purge. After the set time has been
reached, the interval purge will be performed at the set interval. This
functionality can be used to make sure the sensor purge starts at a
specific time of the day.
Do not change the settings for duration, settling, temperature,
temperature difference, or purge triggering unless instructed by Vaisala
personnel.
Type PUR and press ENTER to proceed. Skip unchanged values by
pressing ENTER. Input changed values in the format shown by the
current value (for example, date and time). The maximum interval is
14400 minutes (=10 days).
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Chapter 4 _________________________________________________________________ Operation
Example (no data logger module installed):
>pur
Interval Purge
Interval
Power-up Purge
Duration
Settling
Temperature
Temp. diff.
Trigger Purge
RH trigger
>
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
ON ?
1440 min ?
ON ?
60 s ?
240 s ?
180 'C ?
0.5 'C ?
OFF ?
20 %RH ?
Example (with data logger module installed):
>pur
Interval Purge :
Interval
:
Next Purge date:
Next Purge time:
Power-up Purge :
Duration
:
Settling
:
Temperature
:
Temp. diff.
:
Trigger Purge :
RH trigger
:
>
ON ?
1440 min ?
2011-03-31 ?
12:00:00 ?
ON ?
60 s ?
240 s ?
180 'C ?
0.5 'C ?
OFF ?
20 %RH ?
NOTE
To activate the new interval settings immediately, reset the transmitter.
NOTE
When sensor purge in power-up is enabled, wait about 6 min after power
up before taking measurements. The output channels are locked for the
first operation minutes to the initial measured values
Sensor Warming
DMT345 and DMT346 contain a sensor warming function, that is, when
humidity reaches a set limit (default: 80%RH), sensor warming operation
is activated automatically. Sensor warming continues as long as the
humidity is above that limit.
When the warming starts, the sensor operation indicator is displayed on
the optional display and relays configured as "online status" (if any) will
be released. Warming does not affect Td/f,Td/f atm, Td,Td atm, x, H2O and Pw
quantities, all others will be frozen.
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________________ Modbus
CHAPTER 5
MODBUS
This chapter contains information that is needed when operating the
transmitter using the Modbus protocol.
Overview of Modbus Protocol Support
The DMT345/346 transmitters can be accessed using the Modbus serial
communication protocol. Support for Modbus protocol is available on all
DMT345/346 transmitters as a standard feature from software version
5.10 onward. The supported Modbus variants and the connections they
use are listed in Table 32 below.
Table 32
Supported Modbus Variants
Supported Modbus Variant
Modbus RTU (Serial Modbus)
Modbus TCP (Ethernet Modbus)
Connections
RS-232 (standard User Port)
RS-422/485 interface (optional module)
LAN interface (optional module)
WLAN interface (optional module)
The supported Modbus functions, registers, configuration options, and
diagnostics are described in Appendix C, Modbus Reference, on page
177.
Note the following limitations of the Modbus implementation:
- Modbus TCP mode accepts only one TCP connection at a time.
Design the system so that only one Modbus TCP client accesses the
transmitter.
- Modbus TCP can process reliably only one Modbus transaction at a
time. Reduce the polling rate of the client to avoid nested transactions.
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Taking Modbus into Use
To take the Modbus protocol into use on the transmitter, you must
perform some configuration tasks using the built-in display and keypad
(optional) or a PC connected to the serial line. For example, you can
connect to the service port using the USB service cable (Vaisala order
code: 219685). The transmitter must be powered from a suitable power
supply during configuration.
Instructions for performing the configuration are provided in the
following sections:
- Enabling Serial Modbus on page 139
- Enabling Ethernet Modbus on page 140
After configuring the transmitter, perform the transmitter installation and
wiring according to the instructions in Chapter 3, Installation, on page
25.
The configuration instructions assume you are familiar with the use of
the transmitter. Additional details on the display/keypad, service port use,
and serial commands are available in other sections of this manual:
- The use of the display/keypad option is described in section
Display/Keypad on page 64.
- If this is the first time you are using the USB service cable, you can
find detailed instructions in section Service Port Connection on page
78. You must install the required driver before using the service cable.
- Configuration of the LAN and WLAN interfaces is decribed in section
LAN Communication on page 80.
- The serial commands available through the service port are described
beginning from section List of Serial Commands on page 90.
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________________ Modbus
Enabling Serial Modbus
In addition to enabling the Modbus protocol in the device, Modbus over
RS-232 or RS-485 needs the following software settings: serial bit rate,
parity, number of stop bits, and Modbus device address.
Using Display/Keypad (Optional)
1.
2.
3.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
Navigate to Interfaces ► Serial Interface.
On the Serial Interface settings screen:
- Enable the Modbus protocol.
- Change the baud rate and parity if necessary.
- Set the Modbus device address.
1101-033
Figure 67
4.
Serial Interface Settings
After changing the settings, press the EXIT button. The Modbus
configuration is now complete, as configuration changes made with
the display and keypad are effective immediately.
Using Serial Line
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the transmitter cover.
Connect power supply wiring (if not using the power supply
module) and power up the transmitter.
Connect the USB service cable between a computer and the service
port of the transmitter.
Start the Vaisala USB Instrument Finder program (which has been
installed on the computer along with the USB service cable driver),
and check the COM port that the cable is using.
Open a terminal program, and connect to the service port. The
fixed serial line settings of the service port are 19200, 8, 1, N.
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User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
6.
Use the SMODE command to enable the Modbus mode:
>smode modbus
Serial mode
>
7.
: MODBUS
If necessary, use the SERI command to check and/or change the
serial interface settings for the User Port. For example, to set the
User Port serial settings to 19200 N 8 1, issue the following
command:
>seri 19200 N 8 1
NOTE
The number of data bits must always be 8 for Modbus RTU.
Serial Modbus interface of the transmitter does not work with baud rates
115, 150, and 300 b/s.
8.
Use the ADDR command to set the Modbus address of the
transmitter. For example, to set the Modbus address to 52, issue the
following command:
>addr 52
9.
You must set a non-zero address or Modbus RTU will not work.
The Modbus configuration is now complete. Reset or power cycle
the transmitter to enable the Modbus mode, and proceed with the
installation of the transmitter and the wiring of the serial interface.
Enabling Ethernet Modbus
In addition to enabling the Modbus protocol in the device, Modbus TCP
needs the following software settings: IP address, subnet mask, and
default gateway address. Also network name (SSID) and security settings
must be configured if wireless network is used.
Using Display/Keypad (Optional)
1.
2.
3.
Open the Main Menu by pressing any of the ▼▲◄► arrow
buttons.
Navigate to Interfaces ► Network Settings ► IP Configuration.
On the IP Configuration screen, set the network configuration
settings, and exit to save the changes.
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________________ Modbus
1101-034
Figure 68
4.
5.
IP Configuration
Navigate back to the Network Settings menu. If you are using the
WLAN interface, select Wireless LAN Settings.
On the Wireless LAN Settings screen, set the network name
(SSID) and security options, and exit to save the changes.
1101-036
Figure 69
6.
7.
Wireless LAN Settings
Navigate back to the Network Settings menu. Select
Communication Protocol.
On the Communication Protocol screen, enable the Modbus
protocol. Press the EXIT button to save the changes.
Note that the device address setting is not relevant for Modbus
TCP. In the Modbus mode, the transmitter will respond to all valid
Modbus messages with any “unit identifier” value.
1101-034
Figure 70
8.
Communication Protocol
The Modbus configuration is now complete, as configuration
changes made with the display and keypad are effective
immediately.
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Using Serial Line
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Open the transmitter cover.
Connect power supply wiring (if not using the power supply
module) and power up the transmitter.
Connect the USB service cable between a computer and the service
port of the transmitter.
Start the Vaisala USB Instrument Finder program (which has been
installed on the computer along with the USB service cable driver),
and check the COM port that the cable is using.
Open a terminal program, and connect to the service port. The
fixed serial line settings of the service port are 19200, 8, 1, N.
Use the SMODE command to enable the Modbus mode:
>smode modbus
serial mode
7.
NOTE
: MODBUS>
Configure the networking parameters of the interface you are
using:
After transmitter startup, it may take a few minutes for the network
interface to become available for configuration.
a.
Use the NET command to configure the networking
parameters of both LAN and WLAN interface. You can, for
example, enter the command without parameters and enter
the settings as prompted:
>net
DHCP
: ON ? OFF
IP address
: 0.0.0.0 ? 143.154.142.102
Subnet mask
: 0.0.0.0 ? 255.255.0.0
Default gateway: 0.0.0.0 ?
Web config.
: ON ? OFF
Save changes (Y/N) ? y
OK
b.
If you are using the WLAN interface, use the WLAN
command to configure the network name (SSID) and security
settings. For example:
>wlan
Network SSID
: NAME ? NETWORKID
Type
: OPEN ? WPA-PSK/TKIP
WPA-PSK phrase ? thequickbrownfox
Save changes (Y/N) ? y
OK
For a description of the available settings, see section
Wireless LAN Configuration on page 83.
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Chapter 5 ___________________________________________________________________ Modbus
8.
Modbus configuration is now complete. Reset or power cycle the
transmitter to enable the Modbus mode, and proceed with the
installation of the transmitter.
Diagnostic Modbus Counters
DMT345/346 has diagnostic counters that can be used to pinpoint
Modbus problems. The counters are always active when the Modbus
protocol is enabled.
Viewing Counters Using Display/Keypad
You can use the display/keypad option to view and clear the counters.
Enter the Main Menu and navigate to System ► Diagnostics
► MODBUS Counters.
1101-037
Figure 71
Modbus Counters
Viewing Counters Using Service Port
Use the Modbus command to view the counters:
MODBUS<cr>
Example:
>modbus
Bus messages
:
Bus comm. error:
Bus exceptions :
Slave messages :
Slave no resp. :
Last message
:
>
0
0
0
0
0
In addition to the diagnostic counters, the last message (received or
transmitted) is shown in hexadecimal format. If the last message was a
broadcast message, the suppressed response message is shown.
The last message displayed may be incomplete if there is active Modbus
traffic while using the MODBUS command.
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Modbus RTU only: If the last received message was rejected because of
bad CRC checksum, the MODBUS command displays the message with
corrected CRC (last two bytes updated).
To clear the counters, select again the Modbus mode with the SMODE
command:
>smode modbus
Disabling Modbus
If you stop using Modbus with the transmitter, set the transmitter to some
other operating mode using the display/keypad option or the SMODE
command.
For example, to return the transmitter to the RUN mode where the
measurements are output at regular intervals, issue the following
command through the service port:
>smode run
Alternatively, you can enter the Main Menu using the display/keypad
option, and change the mode from the Interfaces submenu.
The other communication settings of the output interface (User Port,
LAN interface, or WLAN interface) will remain as configured, but the
Modbus protocol will be disabled.
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Chapter 6 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CHAPTER 6
MAINTENANCE
This chapter provides information that is needed in basic maintenance of
the product. Possible error states and situations, their probable causes and
remedies are described in this chapter. This chapter also contains contact
information for Vaisala Technical Support.
Periodic Maintenance
Cleaning
Clean the transmitter enclosure with a soft, lint-free cloth moistened with
mild detergent.
Changing the Cooling Set Filter
NOTE
Some probe and filter combinations are equipped with a washer under the
filter. The purpose of the washer is to prevent vibration from loosening
the filter. If the washer is present, leave it in place when changing the
filter.
1.
2.
Turn the filter counter-clockwise to remove it.
Install a new filter on the cooling set and tighten it.
New filters can be ordered from Vaisala, see section Spare Parts and
Accessories on page 168.
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Error States
In error state the affected quantities are not measured and the output is
shown as follows:
- Analog channel outputs 0 mA or 0 V (you can use the serial line
command AERR or display/keypad to change this fault indication
value, see section Analog Output Fault Indication Setting on page
122).
- Serial port outputs stars "***" instead of measurement data.
- Display shows "----" instead of measurement data.
- Cover LED is blinking.
- Error indicator is shown on the display.
0706-017, 1103-069
Figure 72
Error Indicator and Error Message
Number refers to Figure 72 above:
1
=
Error indicator
The error indicator disappears when the error state is over and you have
checked the error message. Press the INFO button to display the error
message.
You can also check the error message via the serial interface by using the
command ERRS. In case of constant error, please contact Vaisala
Technical Support.
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Chapter 6 _______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Table 33
Error Messages
Error Code Error Message
E0
Humidity sensor measurement
malfunction.
E1
Humidity sensor short circuit
E2
E3
E4
E5
Humidity sensor open circuit
Temperature sensor open circuit.
Temperature sensor short circuit.
Temperature measurement
malfunction
E6
Temperature sensor current leak.
E7
Internal ADC read error
E9
Checksum error in the internal
configuration memory
E10
Internal EEPROM read error
E11
Internal EEPROM write error
E12 … E13 Add-on module 1 (or 2) connection
failure
E14
Device internal temperature out of
range
E15
Internal RAM memory or software
checksum error
E18
Internal ADC reference voltage out
of range
E19
Internal analog output reference
voltage out of range
E20 … 22
Configuration switches for analog
output 1/2/3 set incorrectly
E24 … E25 Internal error in add-on module 1 (or
2)
E26
Communication module installed in
incorrect add-on module slot
E28 … E29 Unknown/incompatible module
installed in add-on module slot
1 (or 2)
E30
Internal analog voltage out of range
E31
Action
Check the integrity of the humidity probe
and the probe cable. Clean the probe
from dirt, water, ice or other
contaminants.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe
and the probe cable.
Check the integrity of the humidity probe
and the probe cable. Clean the probe
from dirt water, ice or other
contaminants.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to
Vaisala Service.
Turn off the power and check the
module connection. Turn on the power.
Ensure that the operating temperature is
within the valid range.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to
Vaisala Service.
Check and re-set the switches, see
page 57.
Disconnect the power and check the
module connection.
Disconnect the power and change the
communication module to another
module slot.
Ensure that the module is compatible
with the DMT345/346.
Internal transmitter failure. Remove the
transmitter and return the faulty unit to
Vaisala Service.
Internal system voltage out of range Check that the supply voltage is correct
and the power supply can provide
enough power for the instrument.
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Technical Support
For technical questions, contact the Vaisala technical support by e-mail at
helpdesk@vaisala.com. Provide at least the following supporting
information:
-
Name and model of the product in question
Serial number of the product
Name and location of the installation site
Name and contact information of a technically competent person who
can provide further information on the problem
Product Returns
If the product must be returned for service, see www.vaisala.com/returns.
For contact information of Vaisala Service Centers, see
www.vaisala.com/servicecenters.
148 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________ Calibration and Adjustment
CHAPTER 7
CALIBRATION AND ADJUSTMENT
This chapter provides you with instructions on how to calibrate and
adjust Vaisala DRYCAP® Dewpoint Transmitters DMT345 and
DMT346.
Calibration
DMT345 and DMT346 are fully calibrated and adjusted as shipped from
the factory. The typical calibration interval is one year. Calibration must
always be done when there is reason to believe that the device is not
within the accuracy specifications.
It is recommended that the device should be sent to a Vaisala Service
Center for calibration and adjustment. For contact information of Vaisala
Service Centers, see www.vaisala.com/servicecenters.
NOTE
If the process is not shut down for removing the transmitter for
calibration, the hole for the probe in the cooling set must be plugged;
otherwise, there is a risk of water condensing inside the cooling pipe
(in overpressurized processes).
User Calibration and Adjustment
When adjusting DMT345 or DMT346, the reading of the transmitter is
changed to correspond to the reference value. After the adjustment, the
original calibration certificate shipped with the product is no longer valid.
The following adjustments are possible:
-
Two-point relative humidity adjustment
One-point dewpoint adjustment
One-point temperature adjustment
Two-point temperature adjustment
Analog output adjustment
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Opening and Closing Adjustment Mode
Open the transmitter cover. The buttons needed in the adjustment are on
the left-hand side of the motherboard, see Figure 2 on page 23.
Press the ADJ button to enable the adjustment mode. The indicator LED
indicates the adjustment availability.
Table 34
Indicator Led Functions
Indicator Led Function
LED off
LED on
LED blinking evenly
LED blinking with short pulses
Description
adjustment locked
adjustment available
measurement not stabilized
performing Purge/AutoCal
Press the ADJ button again to disable the adjustment mode.
NOTE
Fixed pressure compensation of 1013.25 hPa is used when in adjustment
mode. Adjustments should be performed at ambient pressures.
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Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________ Calibration and Adjustment
Adjustment Information
Adjustment information is shown on the device information screens; see
section Device Information on page 106. Use the display/keypad to feed
the adjustment information.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If you are not in the adjustment menu, press the ADJ button on the
motherboard to open the ADJUSTMENT MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Adjustment info.
Select Date, press SET. Enter the date by using the arrow buttons.
Press OK.
Select i, press SET. Enter information text including 17 characters
at maximum by using the arrow buttons. Press OK.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
CTEXT and CDATE
Use the serial line command CTEXT to enter text in to the adjustment
information field. First press the adjustment button on the motherboard
inside the transmitter.
Example:
>ctext
Adjust. info
>
: (not set) ? -60ºC
Use the CDATE command to input date to the adjustment information
field. Set the adjustment date in format YYYY-MM-DD.
Example:
>cdate
Adjust. date
>
: (not set) ? 2004-05-21
Press the adjustment button on the motherboard inside the transmitter to
disable the adjustment function.
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Two-Point Relative Humidity Adjustment
Using Display/Keypad
NOTE
Reference humidities must be ~0 %RH and 30 ... 75 %RH. A suitable
product for the two point RH calibration is for example the Vaisala
Humidity Calibrator HMK15.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the ADJ button (see Figure 2 on page 23) to open the
ADJUSTMENT MENU:
Select Adjust Td measurement, press ► button.
Select 2-point RH adjustment, press START. At this point, the
device carries out the chemical purge.
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe in the dry end
reference condition (~0 %RH). Press OK.
0706-018A
Figure 73
5.
6.
Inserting the Sensor in Reference Humidity 1
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize. Follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display. Press EXIT to return to the
previous display.
Press READY when stabilized. Enter the reference value by using
the arrow keys.
0706-019B
Figure 74
Waiting for Readings to Stabilize
Now proceed to the adjustment at the wet end reference condition
(30 ... 75 %RH) and carry out the procedure as described in the
previous items.
152 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________ Calibration and Adjustment
7.
8.
Press YES to confirm the adjustment. Press OK to return to the
adjustment menu.
Before closing the adjustment mode, feed the adjustment
information into the device, see section Adjustment Information on
page 151. Press EXIT to close the adjustment mode and return to
the basic display.
Using Serial Line
NOTE
Reference humidities must be ~0 %RH and 30 ... 75 %RH. A suitable
product for the two point RH calibration is for example the Vaisala
Humidity Calibrator HMK15.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connect the DMT345/346 to a PC. See section Serial Line
Communication on page 76. Open a terminal program.
Carry out the chemical purge.
Press the ADJ button.
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe in the dry end
reference conditions (~0 %RH).
Issue the FCRH command and press Enter.
FCRH
6.
7.
8.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize.
Press Enter a few times to check if the reading is stabilized.
When the reading is stabilized, give the reference humidity after
the question mark and press Enter.
>fcrh
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ?
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ?
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ?
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ?
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? 11.3
Press any key when ready ...
9.
10.
Now the device is waiting for the wet end reference. Insert the
probe in the wet end reference condition (30 ... 75 %RH). Press any
key when ready.
Let the probe stabilize for about 30 minutes. You can follow the
stabilization by pressing Enter.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 153
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
11.
When stabilized, type the high end reference value after the
question mark and press Enter.
>fcrh
RH :
11.25 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? c
RH :
11.24 Ref1 ? 11.3
Press any key when ready ...
RH
RH
RH
RH
OK
>
12.
13.
14.
:
:
:
:
75.45
75.57
75.55
75.59
Ref2
Ref2
Ref2
Ref2
?
?
?
?
c
c
c
75.5
The OK indicates that the adjustment has succeeded and the new
calibration coefficients are calculated and stored. Enter the
adjustment information (date and text) to the memory of the
transmitter, see section Adjustment Information on page 151.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to close the adjustment
mode.
Take the probe out of the reference conditions and replace the
filter.
154 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________ Calibration and Adjustment
One-Point Dewpoint Adjustment
One-Point Dewpoint Adjustment Using
Display/Keypad
NOTE
This is a highly critical adjustment, to be performed only in laboratory
conditions.
Preferably use the display/keypad interface to perform one-point
dewpoint Td/f adjustment. Before proceeding with the Td/f adjustment
you must perform the RH adjustment. For DMT345/346, the reference
dewpoint must be below -25 °C (-13 °F) and temperature must be below
40 °C (104 °F).
NOTE
This adjustment is valid only if the measurement or process is in the
lower end of the measurement range (in very dry). See Specifications on
page 161.
When adjusting the dewpoint, refer to the following instructions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to open the
ADJUSTMENT MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Adjust Td measurement.
Select by pressing 1-point Td adjustment. Press START to start
adjusting.
Leave the sensor to stabilize for at least one (1) hour. Follow the
instructions on the display.
0706-043
Figure 75
Following Stabilization
0706-044
Figure 76
Proceeding with T d/f Adjustment
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 155
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
5.
6.
Enter the actual reference frostpoint temperature.
The transmitter performs Td/f adjustment. This may take up to six
(6) minutes.
0706-026
Figure 77
7.
NOTE
Completing T d/f Adjustment
The adjustment is now completed.
Several AutoCals can be necessary after this adjustment has been
performed until the transmitter reaches full accuracy.
One-point Dewpoint Adjustment Using
Serial Line
1.
2.
3.
Let the sensor stabilize for at least one (1) hour.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to enable adjustments.
Use the AØ1 command to perform the adjustment.
AØ1<cr>
Example:
>a01
Tf :
-34.25 'C Ref ? -33
Wait for Purge data...OK
>
4.
NOTE
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard inside the transmitter to
disable adjustments.
Several AutoCals can be necessary after this adjustment has been
performed until the transmitter reaches full accuracy.
156 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________ Calibration and Adjustment
Adjusting Temperature
NOTE
Temperature adjustment in process conditions is possible only with
DMT345. Temperature adjustment of DMT346 cannot be performed in
process conditions as the DMT346 measures a cooled temperature
whereas the reference instrument measures the actual process
temperature.
Adjusting Temperature Using
Display/Keypad
Use preferably the display/keypad to adjust the temperature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to open the
ADJUSTMENT MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Adjust T measurement.
Select by pressing 1-point or 2-point adjustment. Press START
to start adjusting.
Remove the filter from the probe and insert the probe into a
reference temperature.
Wait at least 30 minutes for the sensor to stabilize. Follow the
stabilization from the GRAPH display.
Press READY when stabilized. Enter the reference temperature
using the arrow buttons.
When carrying out the two-point adjustment proceed to the next
adjustment point and carry out the procedure as described in the
previous steps. Note that the difference between the two
temperature references must be at least 30 ºC.
Press OK. Press YES to confirm the adjustment.
Press OK to return to the adjustment menu.
Press EXIT to return to the basic display.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 157
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Adjusting Temperature Using Serial Line
CT
Use the serial line command CT to adjust the temperature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to open the adjustment
mode.
Remove the probe filter and insert the probe into the reference
temperature.
Type CT and press Enter. Type C and press Enter to check if the
reading is stabilized.
Let the reading stabilize, enter the reference temperature after the
question mark and press Enter three times.
When having another reference temperature (two-point adjustment)
press Enter twice and insert the probe to the second reference.
When the reading is stabilized, enter the second reference
temperature after the question mark and press Enter. Note that the
difference between the two temperature references must be at least
30 ºC.
Example (1-point adjustment):
>ct
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? c
T
:
16.06 Ref1 ? 16.0
Press any key when ready ...
T
:
16.06 Ref2 ?
OK
>
OK indicates that the calibration has succeeded.
5.
6.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to close the adjustment
mode.
Take the probe out of the reference conditions and replace the
filter.
158 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________ Calibration and Adjustment
Adjusting Analog Outputs
In the analog output calibration the analog output is forced to the
following values:
Current output
Voltage output
= 2 mA and 18 mA
= 10 % and 90 % of the range
Connect the transmitter to a calibrated current/voltage meter in order to
measure either current or voltage depending on the selected output type.
Use the display/keypad or the serial line to do this.
Adjusting Analog Outputs Using
Display/Keypad
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the ADJ button on the motherboard to open the
ADJUSTMENT MENU.
Press the ► arrow button to select Adjust analog outputs.
Select the output to be adjusted Adjust analog output 1/2, press
START.
Measure the first analog output value with a multimeter. Enter the
measured value by using the arrow buttons. Press OK.
Measure the second analog output value with a multimeter. Enter
the measured value by using the arrow buttons. Press OK.
Press OK to return to the adjustment menu.
Press EXIT to close the adjustment and to return to the basic
display.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 159
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Adjusting Analog Outputs Using Serial
Line
ACAL
Use the serial line to perform the analog output adjustment. Use the
ACAL command and enter the multimeter reading.
Example (current outputs):
>acal
Ch1
Ch1
Ch2
Ch2
>
I1
I2
I1
I2
(mA)
(mA)
(mA)
(mA)
?
?
?
?
2.046
18.087
2.036
18.071
Press the adjustment button on the motherboard inside the transmitter
again to disable the adjustment function.
160 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 8 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
CHAPTER 8
TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides the technical data of the product.
Specifications
Performance
Table 35
Dewpoint Specifications DMT345
Property
Sensor
Measurement range
Accuracy
Response time 63% [90%] flow rate
1l/min and 1 bar pressure
from dry to wet
from wet to dry including autocalibration
Value
Vaisala DRYCAP®180S
-40 ... +100 °C (-40 … +212 °F) Td
±2 °C (±3.6 °F) Td
See accuracy graph in Figure 78 on
page 161.
5s [10 s]
45s [5 min]
0605-043
Figure 78
Dewpoint Measurement Accuracy Graph DMT345
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 161
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Table 36
Temperature Specifications DMT345
Property
Measurement range
with sensor warming
Accuracy
Temperature sensor
Table 37
Relative Humidity Specifications DMT345
Property
Measurement range
with sensor warming
Accuracy
below 10 %RH
above 10 %RH
Table 38
Value
0 ... 100 %RH
0 ... 80 %RH
±10 % of reading
±1.5 %RH + 1.5 % of reading
Mixing Ratio Specifications DMT345
Property
Measurement range (typical)
Accuracy
Table 39
Value
0 ... +180 °C (+32 ... +356 °F)
upper range limited by humidity (at
80 %RH warming is switched on and
T reading not actual process
temperature)
±0.4 °C at 100 °C
Pt 100 IEC 751 1/3 class B
Value
0 ... 1000 g/kg (0..7000 gr/lbs)
±12 % of reading
Dewpoint Specifications DMT346
Property
Sensor
Measurement range
Accuracy
Response time 63% [90%] flow rate
1l/min and 1 bar pressure
from dry to wet
from wet to dry including autocalibration
Value
Vaisala DRYCAP®180S
-25 … +100 °C (-13 … +212 °F) Td
±2 °C (±3.6 °F) Td
See the accuracy graph in Figure 79
on page 163
5s [10 s]
45s [5 min]
162 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 8 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
0604-022
Figure 79
Dewpoint Measurement Accuracy Graph DMT346
Table 40
Mixing Ratio Specifications DMT346
Property
Measurement range (typical)
Accuracy
Table 41
Value
0 ... 1000 g/kg (0 … 7000 gr/lbs)
±12 % of reading
Operating Environment Specifications (Both Models)
Property
Mechanical durability
probes
for transmitter body
with display
Storage temperature range
without display
with display
Pressure range for probes
Measured gases
Electromagnetic compatibility
Value
Up to +180 °C (+356 °F) for DMT345
Up to +350 °C (+662 °F) for DMT346
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 °F)
0 ... +60 °C (32 … +140 °F)
-55 … +80 °C (-67 … +176 °F)
-40 … +80 °C (-40 … +176 °F)
Slight pressure difference (~ 200
mbar)
Non-corrosive gases
EN61326-1: Electrical equipment for
measurement, control, and
laboratory use – EMC requirements
– for use in industrial locations
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 163
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Table 42
Inputs and Outputs Specifications (Both Models)
Property
Operating voltage
with optional power supply module
Default start-up time
initial reading after power-up
full operation after sensor Purge and
AutoCal
Power consumption at 20 °C
(Uin 24 VDC)
Uout 2 × 0 ... 1V / 0 ... 5V / 0 ... 10V
Iout 2 × 0 ... 20 mA
RS-232
Display and backlight
During sensor purge and warming
Analog outputs (2 standard, 3rd
optional)
Current output
Voltage output
Accuracy of analog outputs at 20 °C
Temperature dependence of the analog
outputs
External loads
Current outputs
0 ... 1V output
0 ... 5V and 0 ... 10V outputs
Wire size
Digital outputs
Protocols
Relay outputs (optional)
Display (optional)
Menu languages
Value
10 ... 35 VDC, 24 VAC
100 ... 240 VAC 50/60 Hz
3s
Approximately 6 min
Max 25 mA
Max 60 mA
Max 25 mA
+ 20 mA
+ 110 mA max
0 ... 20 mA, 4 ... 20 mA
0 ... 1 V, 0 ... 5 V, 0 ... 10 V
± 0.05 % full scale
± 0.005 %/°C full scale
RL < 500 Ω
RL > 2 k Ω
RL > 10 k Ω
2
0.5 ... 2.5 mm (AWG 20 ... 14)
stranded wires recommended
RS-232
RS-422/485 (optional)
LAN (optional)
WLAN (optional)
ASCII commands
Modbus RTU
Modbus TCP
0.5 A, 250 VAC, SPDT
LCD with backlight, graphic trend
display
Chinese, English, Finnish, French,
German, Japanese, Russian,
Spanish, Swedish
164 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 8 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Table 43
Mechanics Specifications (Both Models)
Property
Cable bushing
Conduit fitting
User cable connector (optional)
Option 1
Option 2
Probe cable diameter
Probe tube material
Housing material
Housing classification
Without display
With display and keypad
Transmitter weight
(with probe, cable, and modules)
Table 44
Probe Type
DMT345
DMT346
Value
M20×1.5, for cable diameter
8 ... 11 mm / 0.31 ... 0.43"
1/2" NPT
M12 series 8-pin (male)
With plug (female) with 5 m / 16.4 ft
black cable
5.5 mm
AISI 316L
G-AlSi 10 Mg (DIN 1725)
IP 66 (NEMA 4X)
IP 65 (NEMA 4X)
1.0 ... 3.0 kg (2.2 ... 6.6 lb)
Standard Probe Cable Lengths and Approximate
Transmitter Weight (in kg/lb)
Probe Cable Length
2m
5m
1.3/2.9
1.4/3.1
1.4/3.1
1.5/3.3
10 m
1.7/3.7
1.8/4.0
15 m
2.2/4.8
-
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 165
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Technical Specifications of Optional
Modules
Power Supply Module
Operating voltage
Connections
Bushing
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
UL file number
100 ... 240 VAC 50/60 Hz
screw terminals for
0.5 ... 2.5 mm2 wire
(AWG 20 ... 14)
for 8 ... 11 mm diameter cable
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 °F)
-40 ... +70 °C (-40 ... +158 °F)
E249387
Analog Output Module
Outputs
0 ... 20 mA, 4 ... 20 mA,
0 ... 1 V, 0 ... 5 V, 0 ... 10 V
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 ºF)
Operating temperature range
Power consumption
Uout 0 ... 1 V
Uout 0 ... 5V/0 ... 10V
Iout 0 ... 20 mA
max 30 mA
max 30 mA
max 60 mA
External loads
current outputs
Max load + cable loop resistance
0 ... .1 V
0 ... 5 V and 0 ... 10 V
RL< 500 ohms
540 ohms
RL> 2000 ohms
RL> 10 000 ohms
Storage temperature range
3-pole screw terminal
max wire size
-55 ... +80 °C (-67 ... +176 ºF)
1.5 mm2 (AWG16)
Relay Module
Operating temperature range
Operating pressure range
Power consumption at 24 V
Contacts SPDT (change over), for example,
Contact arrangement Form C
Imax
Imax
Safety standard for the relay component
Storage temperature range
3-pole screw terminal / relay
max wire size
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
500 ... 1300 mmHg
max 30 mA
0.5 A 250 VAC
0.5 A 30 VDC
IEC60950 UL1950
-55 ... +80 ºC (-67 ... +176 ºF)
2.5 mm2 (AWG14)
166 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 8 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
RS-485 Module
Operating temperature range
Operating modes
Operating speed max
Bus isolation
Power consumption at 24V
External loads
standard loads
Storage temperature range
Max wire size
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
2-wire (1-pair) half duplex
4-wire (2-pair) full duplex
115.2 kbaud
300VDC
max 50 mA
32 RL> 10kohm
-55 ... +80 ºC (-67 ... +176 ºF)
1.5 mm2 (AWG16)
LAN Interface Module
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Operating humidity range
Power consumption at 24V
Ethernet type
Connector
IPv4 address assignment
Protocols
Max number of Telnet/Modbus clients
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
-40 ... +85 ºC (-40 ... +185 ºF)
5 … 95 %RH
max 60 mA
10BASE-T 100BASE-TX
8P8C (RJ45)
DHCP (automatic), static
Telnet, Modbus TCP
1
WLAN Interface Module
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Operating humidity range
Power consumption at 24V
Supported standards
Connector
IPv4 address assignment
Protocols
Max number of Telnet/Modbus clients
Security
-20 ... +60 ºC (-4 ... +140 ºF)
-40 ... +85 ºC (-40 ... +185 ºF)
5 … 95 %RH
max 80 mA
802.11b
RP-SMA
DHCP (automatic), static
Telnet, Modbus TCP
1
WEP 64/128, WPA2/802.11i
Data Logger Module
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Power consumption at 24V
Logged parameters
Logging interval
Maximum logging period
Logged points
Accuracy of the clock
Battery lifetime
at -40 ... +30 ºC (-40 ... +86 ºF)
at +30 ... +60 ºC (+86 ... +140 ºF)
-40 ... +60 ºC (-40 ... +140 ºF)
-55 ... +80 ºC (-67 ... +176 ºF)
max 10 mA
up to four with trend/min/max
values for each
10 s (fixed)
4 years 5 months
13.7 million points / parameter
better than ±2 min/year
7 years
5 years
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 167
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Spare Parts and Accessories
Information on spare parts, accessories, and calibration products
is available online at www.vaisala.com and store.vaisala.com.
Table 45
Spare Parts and Accessories
Item
MODULES
Relay module
Analog Output Module
Isolated RS485 Module
Power Supply Module
Galvanic Isolation Module
FILTERS
for DMT345
Sintered Filter AISI 316L
for DMP246CS
Sintered Filter AISI316L D=20mm
TRANSMITTER MOUNTING ACCESSORIES
Wall Mounting Kit
Installation Kit for Pole or Pipeline
Rain Shield with Installation Kit
DIN Rail Clips with Installation Plate
Panel Mounting frame
PROBE MOUNTING ACCESSORIES
DMT345
Mounting Flange for D13.5mm Probe
DMT346
Cooling Set with Installation Flange
Plug D13.5mm with Wire Rope
Installation Flange for Cooling Set
CONNECTION CABLES
Serial Interface Cable
USB-RJ45 Serial Interface Cable
MI70 Connection Cable with RJ45 Connector
OUTPUT CABLES for 8-pin connector
Connection Cable 5m 8-pin M12 Female, Black
Female Connector 8-pin M12 with Screw Terminals
Male Connector 8-pin M12 with Cable and Adapter
CABLE BUSHINGS
Cable Gland M20x1.5 for 8 ... 11 mm Cable
Cable Gland M20x1.5 for 11 ... 14 mm Cable
Conduit Fitting M20×1.5 for NPT1/2 Conduit
Dummy Plug M20×1.5
WINDOWS SOFTWARE
Software Interface Kit
OTHER
Calibration Adapter for HMK15 (to fit the DMT345
probe)
Order Code
RELAY-1
AOUT-1
RS485-1
POWER-1
DCDC-1
HM47280SP
HM46780
214829
215108
215109
215094
216038
210696
DMP246CS
217738
217490
19446ZZ
219685
211339
212142
212416
214806SP
214728SP
214729
214780SP
214672SP
215005
211302SP
168 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Chapter 8 _____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
27.5
(1.08)
71 (2.80)
77 (3.03)
Dimensions (mm/inch)
53.5 (2.10)
38 (1.50)
38 (1.50)
53.5 (2.10)
183 (7.20)
ø 7 (0.28)
96 (3.78)
116 (4.57)
169 (6.65)
0506-035
Figure 80
DMT345/346 Transmitter Body Dimensions
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 169
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
92 (3.62)
116 (4.57)
183 (7.20)
0804-035
Figure 81
WLAN Antenna Dimensions
170 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Appendix A ______________________________________________ Example Installation of DMT346
APPENDIX A
EXAMPLE INSTALLATION OF DMT346
This Appendix illustrates an example installation of DMT346 transmitter
into a process.
0605-045
Figure 82
1.
2.
3.
Cooling Set Installation
Make a round 89.5 + 0.5 mm hole on the process wall.
Weld the tube of the mounting flange tightly on the inner metal
plate of the process wall. If the process wall is more than 125 mm
thick, a lengthening piece (max. 50 mm) can be welded on the
mounting tube (for walls thicker than 175 mm, see Figure 23 on
page 38).
The cooling set is mounted in a vertical position. Tighten the
screws properly in order to ensure a thermal contact.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 171
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
4.
NOTE
Unfasten the locking screws on the cooling bar so that you can
push the probe into the bar.
Push the probe deep enough: make sure that the marking hole meets the
end of the bar.
5.
Lock the probe in place by tightening the locking screws on the
bar.
Probe and Cooling Set Mounting with Process Shut Down
- Complete the entire mounting process as instructed on page 37.
Probe and Cooling Set Mounting with Process Running
- First mount the cooling element (and fins) to warm it up; tightly plug
the hole for the probe in the cooling element for the duration of the
warmup period.
- After a few hours, complete the installation by installing the probe.
This procedure should lessen the amount of condensation that builds up
in the hole.
Figure 83
Insulation with Mineral Wool
172 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Appendix B _______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
APPENDIX B
CALCULATION FORMULAS
This Appendix contains the formulas used for the calculated output
quantities.
The DMT346 series transmitters measure relative humidity and
temperature. From these values dewpoint, mixing ratio, absolute
humidity and enthalpy in normal pressure are calculated using the
following equations:
Dewpoint:
Td =
Tn
m
−1
 Pw 
log

 A 
(1)
Pw is the water vapor pressure.The parameters A, m, and Tn depend on
temperature according to the following table:
t
1)
<0 °C
0 ... 50 °C
50 ... 100 °C
100 ... 150 °C
150 ... 180 °C
A
6.1134
6.1078
5.9987
5.8493
6.2301
m
9.7911
7.5000
7.3313
7.2756
7.3033
Tn
273.47
237.3
229.1
225.0
230.0
1) Used for frostpoint calculation if the dewpoint is negative
Mixing ratio:
P
x = 621.99 ×
p-P
w
(2)
w
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 173
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
Absolute humidity:
a = 216.68 ⋅
Pw
T
(3)
Enthalpy:
h = (T − 273.15) ⋅ (1.01 + 0.00189 ⋅ x) + 2.5 ⋅ x
(4)
The water vapor saturation pressure Pws is calculated by using two
equations (5 and 6):
3
Θ = T − ∑ CiT i
(5)
i =o
where:
T
Ci
C0
C1
C2
C3
=
=
=
=
=
=
temperature in K
coefficients
0.4931358
-0.46094296 × 10-2
0.13746454 × 10-4
-0.12743214 × 10-7
3
ln Pws = ∑ bi Θ i + b4 ln Θ
(6)
i = −1
where:
bi
b-1
b0
b1
b2
b3
b4
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
coefficients
-0.58002206 × 104
0.13914993 × 101
-0.48640239 × 10-1
0.41764768 × 10-4
-0.14452093 × 10-7
6.5459673
174 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Appendix B _______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
The water vapor pressure is calculated using:
Pw = RH ⋅
Pws
100
(7)
Parts per million by volume is calculated using:
ppmv = 106 ⋅
Pw
( p − Pw )
(8)
Symbols:
Td
Pw
Pws
RH
x
p
a
T
h
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
dewpoint temperature (°C)
water vapour pressure (hPa)
water vapour saturation pressure (Pa)
relative humidity (%)
mixing ratio (g/kg)
atmospheric pressure (hPa)
absolute humidity (g/m3)
temperature (K)
enthalpy (kJ/kg)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 175
User's Guide _______________________________________________________________________
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176 __________________________________________________________________ M210762EN-G
Appendix C _________________________________________________________ Modbus Reference
APPENDIX C
MODBUS REFERENCE
This appendix describes the Modbus functions and data of the
transmitter.
Function Codes
DMT345 and DMT346 support all Modbus conformance class 0 and
class 1 function codes defined in Open Modbus/TCP Specification,
Release 1.0.
Table 46
Supported Function Codes
Function Code
01 (0x01)
02 (0x02)
03 (0x03)
04 (0x04)
05 (0x05)
06 (0x06)
07 (0x07)
08 (0x08)
15 (0x0F)
16 (0x10)
22 (0x16)
23 (0x17)
43 / 14 (0x2B / 0x0E)
Name
Read Coils
Read Discrete Inputs
Read Holding Registers
Read Input Registers
Write Single Coil
Write Single Register
Read Exception Status
Diagnostics
Write Multiple Coils
Write Multiple Registers
Mask Write Register
Read/Write Multiple Registers
Read Device Identification
Notes
Class 1
Class 1
Class 0
Class 1
Class 1
Class 1
Class 1
Class 2
Class 0
Class 2
Class 2
Class 0 function codes are enough to access all measurement data and
configuration settings of the DMT345/346 transmitter. In addition, all
class 1 and some class 2 commands are also supported giving better
compatibility and allowing more efficient communication when needed.
Modbus diagnostic and device identification data can be read out only
with the function codes dedicated for those purposes (08 and 43 / 14).
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Register Map
All data available via the Modbus interface is grouped in six contiguous
blocks of registers as described in Table 47 below.
Table 47
Address
0001…0068
0257…0290
0513…0517
0769…0790
1025…1035
1281…1288
DMT345/346 Modbus Register Blocks
Data Format
32-bit IEEE float
16-bit signed integer
Bit field
32-bit IEEE float
16-bit signed integer
Bit field
Description
Measurement data (read-only)
Status registers (read-only)
Configuration settings
Configuration flags
The addresses are 1-based decimal Modbus data model addresses without
the first digit (e.g. 0xxxx, 1xxxx, 3xxxx, or 4xxxx). Subtract 1 to get
address field values used in Modbus Protocol Data Unit (PDU).
The register map is the same for all Modbus function codes. For
example, function codes 03 and 04 return exactly same result, as do
01 and 02.
Function codes 01 and 02 return 0 if the corresponding register has value
0x0000 and 1 if the register is non-zero. Writing with function codes 05
or 15 effectively writes value 0x0000 or 0x0001 in the register(s).
Data Encoding
All numeric values are available both in 32-bit IEEE floating point and
16-bit signed integer formats.
32-Bit Floating Point Format
Floating point values are represented in standard IEEE 32-bit floating
point format. Least-significant 16 bits of floating point numbers are
placed at the smaller Modbus address as specified in Open Modbus TCP
Specification, Release 1.0. This is also known as “little-endian” or
“Modicon” word order.
NOTE
Despite the specification, some Modbus masters may expect
“big-endian” word order (most-significant word first). In such case, you
must select “word-swapped” floating point format in your Modbus
master for DMT345/346 Modbus registers.
A “quiet NaN” value is returned for unavailable values. Writing any NaN
or infinite value is silently ignored. A quiet NaN is, for example,
0x7FC00000; however, the master should understand any NaN value.
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NOTE
A complete 32-bit floating point value should be read and written in a
single Modbus transaction (e.g. function codes 05, 06, and 22 do not
have an effect on floating point values).
16-Bit Integer Format
16-bit integer values are scaled to include the necessary decimals
(see corresponding register table for the scaling factor). Negative values
(when applicable) are represented in 2’s complement (65535 = -1, 65534
= -2, etc.).
NOTE
Measurement parameters with normally positive values (for example,
0 … 100 %RH) may occasionally return small negative values because of
measurement inaccuracy. These negative values are returned as large 16bit integer values (2’s complement).
If the scaled value does not fit in the range 0…65535 (16-bit range), the
value is “wrapped” to the range by adding or subtracting 65536 as many
times as needed.
For example, mixing ratio (x) value 658.92 g/kg is returned in 16-bit
integer format as 356 (0x0164). You will need to add suitable offset to
the 16-bit data in the Modbus master to get valid value out:
356 (16-bit register value) + 65536 (offset) = 65892 --> 658.92 g/kg
(scaled by ×0.01).
However, most of the measurement data values do not need any offset.
A zero 16-bit value is returned for unavailable values. There is no way to
distinguish missing values from actual zero values if the zero value is
included in the valid measurement range of the parameter.
NOTE
If your Modbus master supports 32-bit floating point values, always use
them instead of 16-bit integer registers.
The use of 16-bit integer values is not recommended in critical
applications because you cannot distinguish true zero values from zero
values generated by measurement failures.
In addition to this, 2’s complement makes negative values look like large
positive values, which must be taken into account when utilizing the
16-bit register values.
When writing 16-bit values in configuration registers, they are always
processed as signed integers in the range of -32768…+32767. You shall
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use the floating point registers to write values outside this 16-bit signed
integer range. Maximum writable value is 32767 also for configuration
registers that do not accept negative values.
Measurement Data (Read-Only)
Table 48
Name
RH
T
Td
Td/f
Td/f (atm)
Td (atm)
a
x
Tw
H2O
pw
pws
h
ΔT
aNTP
SSR
Ts
H2O
Measurement Data Registers
Float
0001…0002
0003…0004
0007…0008
0009…0010
0011…0012
0013…0014
0015…0016
0017…0018
0019…0020
0021…0022
0023…0024
0025…0026
0027…0028
0031…0032
0033…0034
0037…0038
0039…0040
0065…0066
Integer
0257 (×0.01)
0258 (×0.01)
0260 (×0.01)
0261 (×0.01)
0262 (×0.01)
0263 (×0.01)
0264 (×0.01)
0265 (×0.01)
0266 (×0.01)
0267 (×1)
0268 (×0.1)
0269 (×0.1)
0270 (×0.01)
0272 (×0.01)
0273 (×0.01)
0275 (×0.01)
0276 (×0.01)
0289 (×1)
Unit
%
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
g/m³
g/kg
°C
ppmV
hPa
hPa
kJ/kg
°C
g/m³
%
°C
ppmW
Available measurements depend on the instrument configuration. Values
may be unavailable also in case of device failure. Read status registers or
exception status outputs to check for failures.
NOTE
Only real-time data can be read from the instrument. Data that is
recorded in the transmitter’s memory (internal memory or data logger
module) cannot be read through Modbus.
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Appendix C _________________________________________________________ Modbus Reference
Status Registers (Read-Only)
Table 49
Status Registers
Name
Fault status
Online status
Error code (bits 15…0)
Error code (bits 31…16)
Address
0513
0514
0516
0517
Description
1 = No errors
1 = Online data available
Bit field that represents the
error codes listed in Table 33
on page 147. Active errors are
set to 1. For example, if bit 14
is set to 1, error code E14 is
active.
Error information can retrieved also with function code 08, sub-function
02.
NOTE
Basic status information of the DMT345/346 transmitter is also available
with the Read Exception Status function code 07. For details, see section
Exception Status Outputs on page 182.
Configuration Registers
Configuration parameter registers are used to configure the measurement.
Writing out-of-range values is silently ignored.
Table 50
Configuration Parameter Registers
Name
Pressure setting default
value
Pressure setting
temporary value
Sensor purge interval
Molecular weight for
ppmw calculation
Float
0769…0770
Integer
1025 (×1)
Valid Range
0…9999 hPa
0771…0772
1026 (×1)
0…9999 hPa
0773…0774
0775…0776
1027 (×1)
1028 (×0.001)
10…2880 min
0…999.999
g/mol
If you modify the pressure setting repeatedly, modify the temporary
value at register 0771...0772 (1026) instead of the permanent setting at
register 0769…0770 (1025). Set the temporary value to zero to return to
the default pressure setting.
Non-metric units are not available on Modbus. If they are needed,
calculate the conversion outside the transmitter.
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Configuration flags are used to select some basic options of the
instrument and to manually start the sensor operations.
Table 51
Configuration Flag Registers
Name
Standard filtering on/off
Extended filtering on/off
Automatic sensor purge on/off
Address
1281
1282
1283
Start-up sensor purge on/off
Sensor purge in progress
1284
1285
AutoCal in progress
1286
Description
1 = Filtering on
1 = Extended filtering on
1 = Automatic purge on.
See configuration register
0773…0774 (1027).
1 = Start-up purge on
1 = Purge in progress
(write 1 for manual start)
1 = AutoCal in progress
(write 1 for manual start)
Flags 1281 and 1282 are mutually exclusive.
Some of the configuration registers might not have an effect depending
on the instrument model and configuration.
Other configuration settings are not usually needed and are not available
using the Modbus interface. The service cable must be used to change
other configuration settings if needed.
Exception Status Outputs
Exception status outputs (read with function code 07) tell the summary of
the transmitter status as described in Table 52 below.
Table 52
Output
0 (0x01)
1 (0x02)
Exception Status Outputs
Name
Fault status
Online status
Description
1 = No errors
1 = Online data available
Status information is available also with register access; see section
Status Registers (Read-Only) on page 181.
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Appendix C _________________________________________________________ Modbus Reference
Diagnostic Sub-Functions
DMT345/346 support some of the Modbus diagnostic functions
described in the Modbus Application Protocol Specification V1.1b.
These diagnostic functions are accessed with function code 08. See Table
53 below for details.
Table 53
Code
00 (0x00)
01 (0x01)
02 (0x02)
04 (0x04)
10 (0x0A)
11 (0x0B)
12 (0x0C)
13 (0x0D)
14 (0x0E)
15 (0x0F)
Modbus Diagnostics
Sub-Function Name
Return Query Data
Restart Communications
Option
Return Diagnostic Register
Notes
Cancels the “Listen Only” mode.
Data field must be set to “00 00”
for Restart Communications
Option. Sub-Function 01 with
data field “FF 00” is rejected.
Non-zero if there are active
transmitter errors.
For same error information, see
status registers 0516 and 0517.
The value of the Diagnostic
Register is a logical OR of these
two status registers.
Force Listen Only Mode
Puts device “off-line”
Clear Counters and
Diagnostic Register cannot be
Diagnostic Register
cleared
Return Bus Message Count
Total number of messages seen
on the bus/interface
Return Bus Communication
Number of messages with bad
Error Count
Modbus RTU CRC or Modbus
TCP frame
Return Bus Exception Error
Number of Modbus exception
Count
responses sent
Return Slave Message Count Number of Modbus messages
processed
Return Slave No Response
Number of Modbus messages
Count
received without sending a
response. This happens for
received broadcast messages
(Modbus RTU only) or when
DMT345/346 is in the “Listen
Only” mode.
Although Modbus Diagnostics are standardized only for serial line
devices, DMT345/346 supports the same diagnostic functions also on
Modbus TCP.
NOTE
Resetting, powering up the transmitter, or reselecting the Modbus mode
(by serial command or with the user interface) resets all Modbus
diagnostic counters and cancels any “Listen Only” mode.
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Device Identification Objects
DMT345/346 Modbus conforms to the extended identification level
defined in the Modbus Application Protocol Specification V1.1b. Both
stream access and individual access to the objects is supported.
Table 54
Modbus Device Identification
Object Id
0x00
0x01
0x02
0x03
0x04
0x80
0x81
Object Name
VendorName
ProductCode
MajorMinorVersion
VendorUrl
ProductName
SerialNumber
CalibrationDate
0x82
CalibrationText
Description
“Vaisala”
Product code (e.g. “DMT340”)
Software version (e.g. “5.10”)
“http://www.vaisala.com/”
Product name of the instrument
Serial number (e.g. “D0610020”)
Date of the last calibration
(e.g. “2011-03-01”, empty if not
available)
Information text of the last calibration
(empty if not available)
Exception Responses
Exception responses from the transmitter are according to the Modbus
Application Protocol Specification V1.1b.
Table 55
Code
01
02
03
Modbus Exception Responses
Name
ILLEGAL FUNCTION
ILLEGAL DATA ADDRESS
ILLEGAL DATA VALUE
Reason
Unsupported function code
Address out of valid ranges
Otherwise invalid request
Accessing unavailable (unsupported or temporarily missing) registers
inside ranges specified in Table 48 does not generate an exception.
“Unavailable” value (a quiet NaN for floating point data or zero for
integer data) is returned instead. An exception is generated only for any
access outside the register blocks defined in section Register Map on
page 178.
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