PowerWAVE 1000
1 kVA to 3 kVA Single Phase UPS
User Manual
Document Control
ISSUE
DATE
REVISION SUMMARY
1.0
25-06-13
Initial issue
1.1
26-06-13
Changes to battery replacement procedure
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd has taken every precaution to
produce an accurate, complete and easy to understand manual and
will therefore assume no responsibility nor liability for direct,
indirect or accidental personal or material damage due to any
misinterpretation of or accidental mistakes in this manual.
© 2005 Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd
This manual may not be copied nor reproduced without written
permission of Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
Table of Contents
1
Safety
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2
Description of symbols used in this manual
User precautions
Important safety notes
Storage instructions
Description
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Key features
2.1.2 Advanced design features
2.1.3 PowerWave 1000 Model range
2.2 UPS Operating principle
2.2.1 Basic block diagram
2.2.2 System operating modes
2.3 Operator control panel
2.3.1 LED Indicators
2.3.2 Operator keypad
2.3.3 LCD Display
2.4 UPS Rear panel
2.4.1 Communication Ports
2.5 Warranty
2.6 Extended warranty
2.7 Additional service/maintenance support
3
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-2
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-6
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-11
Installation and Set-up
3.1 Unpacking the UPS equipment
3.2 Selecting a suitable installation location
3.3 Tower hardware configuration set-up
3.3.1 Stand-alone UPS module (without external battery cabinet)
3.3.2 UPS module with external battery cabinet
3.4 Rack configuration set-up
3.4.1 Installing the adjustable mounting rails
3.5 Electrical configuration
3.5.1 Commissioning procedure
3.5.2 Initial UPS power-up
3.6 UPS Setting tool
3.6.1 Establishing communication
3.6.2 Generating a UPS profile and data file
3.6.3 Setting up the basic UPS operating parameters
3.6.4 Managing the UPS data file
3.6.5 Setting up the programmable power outlets
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
3-1
3-1
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-8
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
I
4
Operating Procedures
4.1 Start-up procedures
4.1.1 Normal start-up (with mains available)
4.1.2 Start-up on battery mode (cold start)
4.2 Operator control functions
4.2.1 Using the LCD metering function
4.2.2 Enable/disable the audible alarm
4.3 Shutdown procedures
4.3.1 Normal shutdown (with mains available)
4.3.2 UPS shutdown when on battery
4.4 Manual load transfer between inverter and bypass
5
Maintenance
5.1 Battery replacement
6
5-1
Troubleshooting
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
7
Introduction
Error codes
Troubleshooting a fault condition
Troubleshooting an operational problem.
UPS Fault handling
6.5.1 UPS Overload
6.5.2 Output short circuit
6.5.3 Inverter/internal over-temperature
6.5.4 Inverter over-current and output voltage out of tolerance
II
6-1
6-1
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
6-3
6-3
6-3
Options
7.1 The importance of UPS management
7.2 WAVEMON shutdown and management software
7.2.1 Functional description
7.2.2 Licensing
7.3 SNMP adapters
7.4 AS400 (dry contact) card
7.5 USE (USB) card
7.6 R2E (second RS-232) card
8
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-6
7-1
7-1
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-3
7-4
7-4
Specifications
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
1
1.1
Safety
Description of symbols used in this manual
WARNING: The warning symbol is used where there is danger of an electrical shock,
equipment damage or personal-injury.
CAUTION: The caution symbol is used to highlight important information to avoid possible
equipment malfunction or damage.
1.2
User precautions
WARNING: Do not attempt to install this UPS system until you are satisfied that ALL the safety
instructions and hazard warnings contained in this manual are read and fully understood.
WARNING: Keep this manual with the UPS for future reference.
WARNING: The UPS and peripheral equipment must be installed by a suitably qualified
person who is aware of the potential shock hazards.
WARNING: Before it is put into service, this UPS must be set-up and commissioned by a
suitably qualified person in accordance with the procedures contained in Chapter 3.
WARNING: This equipment is earthed via its input supply power cord. Do not disconnect the
UPS input power cord from the utility supply socket while the UPS is operating.
WARNING: This UPS does not contain any user-serviceable parts. If the UPS develops a fault
it must be repaired by a trained engineer.
You run risk of exposure to dangerous voltages if you open UPS-covers!
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd will assume no responsibility or liability for accidents or
injuries due to incorrect operation or manipulation of the UPS or peripheral equipment.
CAUTION: The PowerWave 1000 is a Class A UPS product (according to EN 62040-3).
In a domestic environment the UPS may cause radio interference and the user may be
required to undertake additional measures.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
1-1
1: Safety
1.3
Important safety notes
CAUTION: Please read the following notes carefully prior to installation.
Although the PowerWave 1000 UPS was designed for simple plug-and-play installation, we recommended
that it is installed by a suitably qualified service specialist. The UPS does not contain any user-serviceable
parts, so if it malfunctions it must be serviced or repaired by a trained engineer.
The UPS is equipped with an electromagnetic interference filter (EMI). Do not disconnect the UPS input
power cable from the utility mains supply outlet at any time while the UPS is operating, even if the utility
supply has failed.
To prevent the UPS from overheating, the ventilation grills on the UPS front panel must be kept free of
obstructions at all times. For the Tower UPS model a minimum clearance of 300 mm (12 in) must be provided
at the front, rear and sides of the UPS to allow adequate cooling airflow – with 500 mm (20 in) rear access
required for cabling and maintenance (this may be achieved by using cables of a sufficient length to allow the
UPS to be pulled forward for rear access). In the case of the rack-mounted UPS model, a minimum clearance
of 300 mm (12 in) is required to allow adequate cooling but the minimum front and rear access required for
installation and cabling increases to 800 mm (31 in).
In all cases the UPS equipment must be installed such as to allow safe pedestrian passage.
The UPS is must be installed in a sheltered and controlled environment away from direct sunlight. The
operating temperature should be between 0-40°C with relative humidity of 30-90%, non-condensing. Further
details concerning the installation environment are provided in the installation chapter of this manual.
Before installing the equipment you must check to ensure that the UPS input voltage stated on the UPS dataplate on the back of the unit matches your local utility supply voltage.
The UPS warranty will be rendered void, and the manufacturer reserves the right to refuse replacement or
compensation in the following events:
• Accidental damage to the UPS.
• Damage or malfunction due to installing the UPS in an environment that does not meet the conditions
specified in this manual.
• Damage or malfunction due to improper installation, configuration or maintenance carried out by an
unauthorised person.
1.4
Storage instructions
If you intend to store the UPS for an extended period, in a moderate climate, the batteries should be charged
for 12 hours every 3 months by connecting the UPS to the utility supply. If the ambient temperature at the
storage location is above 30°C, this should be carried out every 2 months.
CAUTION: Always switch off the UPS when moving the UPS.
1-2
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2
2.1
Description
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the PowerWave 1000 UPS.
High reliability, low operating cost and excellent electrical performance are just some of the highlights of this
innovative UPS solution.
By using the latest technological developments in power engineering, the PowerWave 1000 represents a
new generation of transformerless UPS-System. Its advanced double conversion Voltage and Frequency
Independent (VFI) topology responds fully to both the highest availability, and environmentally friendly
requirements, compliant with IEC 62040-3 (VFI-SS-111) standards. A full UPS specification is shown in
chapter 8 of this manual.
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd specialises in the installation and maintenance of Uninterruptible Power
Systems; and this powerful UPS is just one example of our wide range of state-of-the-art power protection
devices that will provide your critical equipment with a steady and reliable power supply for many years.
2.1.1 Key features
The highlights of this innovative UPS solution include its high reliability, low operating costs and excellent
electrical performance. Its key features include:
• High-frequency transformerless technology with a rack/tower-compatible enclosure which permits the
integration of the UPS even under the most challenging space constraints.
• User friendly design that permits simple and trouble-free installation. All units up to 3 kVA are supplied
with input and output power cables as standard.
• Internal, maintenance-free battery reduces the need for after-sales service.
• True online technology continuously supplies your critical applications with stable, regulated,
transient-free pure sine-wave AC power.
• Highly efficient PWM sine-wave technology yields excellent UPS efficiency. The high crest factor of
the inverter handles peak inrush current loads and so avoids a need to upgrade to a UPS with a
higher power rating.
• Designed to comply with various stringent international standards for electromagnetic interference &
protection (EMC).
• Inbuilt frequency changer capabilities that can be selected for 50/60 Hz or 60/50 Hz input/output
frequency operation.
• This UPS is equipped with fully digitized control logic for better functionality and high quality output
power supply. Digital signal processing (DSP) also provides an efficient communication capability that
enhances the flexibility for easy remote control and monitoring.
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2-1
2: Description
2.1.2 Advanced design features
• The active power factor correction (PFC) control function continuously corrects the UPS input power
factor (PF) to > 0.99, which results in outstanding energy efficiency.
• The wide input voltage tolerance, from 120V~288V, allows the UPS to operate normally without
draining the battery unnecessarily during mains under-voltage or overvoltage conditions – which
extends the battery service life.
• A DC-start function permits the UPS to be started during a utility power failure if required.
• A revolutionary battery management circuit continuously analyses the battery status during discharge
and adjusts the battery cut-off point accordingly – which extends the battery service life.
• Selectable bypass input voltage tolerance (low/high sensitivity) to restrict the range of voltages that
can be applied to the load when the UPS operates on bypass.
The selectable voltage ranges are 184~260V (low sensitivity) and 194~260V (high sensitivity).
• A selection of output voltages (200/208/220/230/240) is available to match the UPS output to local
supply specifications or specific load voltage requirements.
• An overload protection system that automatically switches the UPS to bypass mode in the event of an
overload that exceeds its rated capacity – and automatically switches back to the inverter mode once
the overload condition clears.
• Output short-circuit protection which puts the UPS system in stand-by mode and cuts off the output
supply until the short circuit is manually remedied.
2.1.3 PowerWave 1000 Model range
The PowerWave 1000 UPS range compromises 1 kVA, 2 kVA and 3 kVA models, each of which is designed
as a self-contained UPS comprising a rectifier, battery charger, inverter, static switch and battery pack. All the
models in this range are easy to install, and supplied with suitably terminated mains power cables.
CAUTION: In spite of their plug-and-play design, it is recommended that the UPS is installed
and configured by a suitably trained engineer.
The PowerWave 1000 operates as a stand-alone UPS module and can be mechanically configured as a
floor-standing tower unit or installed in a standard 19 inch rack. An accessory pack which contains all the
parts necessary to configure the unit for either type of installation is supplied with the UPS.
An optional external battery cabinet is available to increase the UPS autonomy time. The battery cabinet
design compliments the UPS cabinet and the two cabinets can be mechanically connected together to form a
single unit when installed as a tower system – see chapter 3 (Installation) for mechanical configuration
details.
1 kVA
2 kVA
3 kVA
kVA (kW)
1.0 (0.8)
2.0 (1.6)
3.0 (2.4)
Dimensions (WxHxD)
mm
89 x 445 x 405
89 x 445 x 680
89 x 445 x 680
Weight (with standard batteries)
kg
19
30
33
dBA
50
50
50
Maximum output power
Sound level
2-2
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2: Description
2.2
UPS Operating principle
2.2.1 Basic block diagram
Bypass Line
AC
Input
EMI
FILTER
Safety
Relay
Input
CB
BATTERY
CHARGER
AC/DC (PFC)
CONVERTER
DC/AC
INVERTER
EMI
FILTER
DC/DC BOOST
CONVERTER
AC
Output
STATIC
SWITCH
BATTERY
Figure 2.1 UPS Functional block diagram
EMI Filters
The UPS has an input and output EMI filter to reduce the effects of any electromagnetic noise generated by
the UPS – e.g. reduces external radio interference.
Battery charger
A regulated battery charger, driven from the utility AC input supply, charges the battery whenever the input
supply is available.
DC/DC Boost converter
In times of utility failure, this converter turns on and boosts the battery voltage to a level suitable for use by
the inverter. It provides a regulated DC output for the inverter while the battery voltage decays during
discharge and includes voltage and current monitoring and overload protection.
AC/DC Converter
As its name suggests, the AC/DC Converter converts the utility AC input supply into a controlled DC supply
that is suitable for use by the inverter. The converter uses a leading-edge switched-mode technique which
produces an input power factor almost unity over its operating range (0.99 at full rated linear load) and thereby
maximises the UPS input efficiency.
The converter can satisfy the inverter DC power demands over a wide utility input voltage range of between
120V~288V which means that the battery is not called upon during power dips (brownouts), thereby
maximising battery life and availability.
DC/AC Inverter
The inverter converts the DC voltage connected to its input, from the utility mains supply via the AC/DC
converter or from the battery via the DC/DC converter, and produces a regulated AC output voltage suitable
to power the connected load equipment. The control logic associated with power block are substantial and, in
addition to the output voltage regulation, provides various levels of overload protection, frequency regulation
and synchronisation and output voltage error detection.
Static switch
The static switch provides a means of connecting the UPS AC output (load) to either the inverter or the
bypass line, which is connected directly to the UPS Utility supply input. The control logic within this power
block will transfer the load to the bypass supply in the event of overload or UPS (inverter) malfunction. The
load can also be transferred between the inverter and bypass line manually if required. Note that a controlled
transfer can take place only if the inverter and bypass line are synchronised in frequency and phase.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2-3
2: Description
2.2.2 System operating modes
ON-LINE operation
Bypass Line
AC
Input
EMI
FILTER
Safety
Relay
Input
CB
BATTERY
CHARGER
AC/DC (PFC)
CONVERTER
DC/AC
INVERTER
AC
Output
EMI
FILTER
STATIC
SWITCH
DC/DC BOOST
CONVERTER
LCD Mimic
LINE
UPS
LOAD
BATTERY
Figure 2.2 ON-LINE operation
• The battery is being permanently charged by the battery charger.
• The AC/DC converter is processing the utility input supply and turning it into controlled DC.
• The Inverter is converting the AC/DC converter output back into AC suitable for the load.
• The static switch is connecting the inverter output to the UPS output terminals.
ON BATTERY operation
Bypass Line
AC
Input
EMI
FILTER
Safety
Relay
Input
CB
BATTERY
CHARGER
AC/DC (PFC)
CONVERTER
DC/AC
INVERTER
AC
Output
EMI
FILTER
DC/DC BOOST
CONVERTER
STATIC
SWITCH
LCD Mimic
LINE
UPS
LOAD
BATTERY
Figure 2.3 ON-BATTERY operation
• The battery is discharging through the DC/DC boost converter which presents the inverter with a
controlled input voltage as the battery discharges.
• The Inverter is converting the DC/DC boost converter output back into AC suitable for the load.
• The static switch is connecting the inverter output to the UPS output terminals.
• The load will continue to receive its regulated power until the battery discharges to its low voltage cutout level.
2-4
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2: Description
ON BYPASS operation
Bypass Line
AC
Input
EMI
FILTER
Safety
Relay
Input
CB
BATTERY
CHARGER
AC/DC (PFC)
CONVERTER
DC/AC
INVERTER
AC
Output
EMI
FILTER
DC/DC BOOST
CONVERTER
STATIC
SWITCH
LCD Mimic
LINE
UPS
LOAD
BATTERY
Figure 2.4 ON-BYPASS operation
• The battery is being permanently charged by the battery charger as long as the battery charger is still
serviceable and able to operate. If the load has transferred to bypass due to an internal malfunction
the battery charger may have shut down.
• The AC/DC converter, DC/DC Boost converter and inverter are all inoperative.
• The static switch is connecting the bypass line to the UPS output terminals.
Note: When operating in this mode the load is unprotected from utility power disturbances.
Frequency changer considerations
The UPS normally switches to the On-bypass mode in the event of a UPS malfunction or overload. However,
if the UPS has been configured to operate as a frequency changer, by definition, the output frequency
produced by the inverter will not match that of the input supply –e.g. 50 Hz input with 60 Hz output or vice
versa.
If the UPS is configured to operate in a frequency changer mode its bypass line connection through the static
switch is disabled.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2-5
2: Description
2.3
Operator control panel
The UPS is fully controlled from the operator control panel located on the front of the unit.
The user-friendly UPS control panel comprises three areas:
Led indicators
1
A row of leds indicate the UPS input and
output power status, together with a general
fault warning.
?
LINE
Alpha-numeric LCD Display
Provides indication of the UPS operating
mode together with the input, output, and
battery supply parameters. It also displays
error messages and UPS set-up data via a
system of configuration menus.
2
UPS
LOAD
LOW
C
N
O
Operator Keypad
V
Hz
A
%
FF
O
The keypad contains 6 keys that are used
to navigate through the UPS control menu
system and turn the UPS OFF/ON.
r
te
En
t
nc
Fu
n
io
Figure 2.5 Operator control panel
2.3.1 LED Indicators
Input mains supply status
This led is permanently ON (normal condition) if the utility supply is between 168~288 VAC, and flashes if the
supply falls to within 120~159 VAC. If the led is OFF it indicates a utility supply failure.
1
Programmable outlet status
These outlets are normally connected to less critical loads which can be shed when the utility power fails in order to
increase the autonomy time for the more critical loads which are connected to the standard UPS outlets.
Bypass supply status
This led is permanently ON when the bypass supply is available. The led flashes when the UPS operates in its ON
BYPASS mode to indicate that the load is not protected against a utility supply failure.
UPS fault indication
This LED illuminates to indicate a fault condition within the UPS that needs attention.
2-6
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2: Description
2.3.2 Operator keypad
ON Button
This button is used to turn ON the UPS, silence the audible alarm, and activate certain other functions when
used in conjunction with other buttons (as described later in this chapter). To turn ON the UPS, the button
must be held down for approximately five seconds, until two audible beeps are heard.
N
O
O
OFF Button
To turn OFF the UPS, this button must be held down for approximately five seconds, until two audible beeps
are heard.
FF
ENTER Button
The ENTER button is used to select a parameter from the UPS configuration setup menus.
r
te
En
UP (BACK) Button
This button is used to navigate UP through the UPS menus. It is also used in conjunction with the ON button
to manually transfer the load between the UPS and bypass supply.
DOWN (NEXT) Button
During normal operation, this button is used to scroll through the metered parameters shown on the LCD
display. It is also used two navigate forward through the UPS configuration setup menus.
FUNCTION Button
This button is used to access the UPS configurations setup menus.
n
io
ct
n
Fu
2.3.3 LCD Display
The LCD has three functional areas that can be broadly described as Warning Symbols, Mimic Diagram and
a four digit Alpha-numeric Display. Each of these areas are described individually below.
Warning Symbols
Mimic Diagram
?
LINE
UPS
LOAD
LOW
C
V
Hz
A
%
Alpha-numeric display
Figure 2.6 LCD Display
Warning symbols
LOW
Low battery:
This warning symbol appears if the battery voltage is low.
Battery fault:
This symbol indicates if there is a battery fault.
Overload:
This symbol indicates a UPS overload.
?
Supply fault:
This symbol indicates an input supply problem, such as reversed Line-Neutral.
Service mode:
This symbol indicated that the UPS is operating in Service mode.
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2-7
2: Description
Load transfer
Load transferred to bypass due to loss of UPS Inverter output.
Bypass defective
Bypass input abnormal, UPS fails to transfer to bypass
Utility supply defective
Utility supply defective at the UPS input terminals.
Mimic diagram
LCD Mimic diagram
The LCD Mimic indicates the existing power flow through the UPS. The LINE,
UPS, LOAD and BATTERY symbols are permanently shown on screen and their
interconnecting lines appear depending on the UPS mode of operation – see
below.
Note that the arrowheads shown in Figure 2.7 are used in conjunction with the
LCD meter display to identify the source of the meter indication.
LINE
UPS
LOAD
Figure 2.7 LCD Mimic diagram
LINE
UPS
LOAD
LINE
UPS
LOAD
LINE
UPS
LOAD
LINE
UPS
LOAD
UPS OFF
This mimic is displayed when the utility power is first applied to the UPS, or if the UPS is
turned OFF. It shows that the battery is being charged from the utility (LINE) but the LOAD
is isolated from the UPS, and is therefore unpowered.
UPS ON
This mimic is displayed during normal UPS operation. It shows the battery being charged
from the utility (LINE) and the LOAD connected to the UPS output – and therefore being
supplied with processed, backed-up power.
ON BATTERY MODE
This mimic is displayed if the utility supply fails. It shows the battery now providing the UPS
and LOAD power. The battery will sustain the UPS output until it is discharged, whereupon
the UPS will shutdown.
LOAD ON BYPASS MODE
This mimic is displayed if the UPS develops a fault (or is overloaded), whereupon the load
is transferred to the bypass line and therefore connected directly to the unprotected utility
supply (LINE). The battery will remain on charge if the UPS charger is healthy.
The load can be manually switched between the UPS and Bypass by simultaneously
pressing the ON and UP buttons for approximately 5 seconds.
Four digit alpha-numeric display
The four digit alpha-numeric display provides a metering facility which can be selected to show the input
voltage/frequency, output voltage/frequency/load together with battery voltage and the internal enclosure
temperature. Details of the meter facilities are provided on page 4-3.
A variety of operating status and fault codes are also shown on the display, as described throughout this
manual.
2-8
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2: Description
UPS Rear panel
4
AC INPUT
1
6
2
G
1
1 kVA
Model
AC OUTPUT
5
INTERFACE
2.4
DC 36V
3
2
EPO
INPUT
BREAKER
10
9
8
5
9
7
6
4
2
1
INTERFACE
INPUT
BREAKER
1
2 kVA
Model
AC INPUT
2
3
AC OUTPUT
G
DC 72V
EPO
10
8
5
7
12
11
9
6
4
1
2
1
3 kVA
Model
2
G
3
DC 72V
EPO
10
8
7
1
USB Port
7
Unswitched AC Outlets
2
RS232 Port
8
Two switched (programmable) AC outlets
3
Emergency Power Off (by dry contact)
9
Mains input supply circuit breaker
4
Communications card options slot
10
Cooling fans
5
External battery connector
11
Output circuit breaker for unswitched outlets
6
Input mains (utility) power socket
12
Output circuit breaker for switched outlets
Figure 2.8 Rear panel detail
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2-9
2: Description
2.4.1 Communication Ports
Several communication options can connected to the PowerWave 1000 rear panel. These are described
briefly below with further details provided in chapter 7 (Options).
USB port (Figure 2.8 item 1)
A USB type B socket is provided to allow the UPS to be connected to a PC using a standard USB peripheral
interface cable. The USB communication protocol complies with USB version 1.0 (1.5 Mbps) and USB HID
version 1.0.
This facility can be used in conjunction with the UPS external monitoring and shutdown software
(WAVEMON) and with the supplied UPS Configuration Software (see paragraph 7.2).
RS-232 Interface port (Figure 2.8 item 2)
The RS-232 port also allows the UPS to be connected to a PC. It
can be used with the UPS external monitoring and shutdown
software (WAVEMON) and with the supplied UPS Configuration
Software (see paragraph 7.2).
The RS-232 interface should be set as follows:
Baud Rate
Data Length
Stop bit
Parity
2400 bps
8 bits
1 bit
None
Pin 5: Ground
Pin 3: RS232 Rx
Pin 2: RS232 Tx
Figure 2.9 RS232
Emergency power off (EPO) (Figure 2.8 item 3)
If an external emergency power off (EPO) facility is required, a normally-open circuit must be connected to
the two pin plug located on the rear panel, as shown. When the external circuit is operated it places a shortcircuit across these terminals and effects a total UPS shutdown. A plug-in connector with screwed terminal
connections is supplied ready fitted to the EPO socket to simplify the connection of the external cable if the
UPS is located in a confined space, such as when it is rack mounted.
Optional interface cards (Figure 2.8 item 4)
Four optional interface cards are available to meet various communication needs: DCE (dry contact relay
card), R2E, USE and SNMP/Web. These cards can be fitted into the options slot located behind a blanking
plate on the UPS back panel, as shown. Full installation and set-up procedures are provided in chapter 7.
The software bundled with the UPS is compatible with most operating systems including Windows 98, 2000,
ME, NT and XT. For other applications, such as Novell Netware, Unix or Linux please contact your local
dealer for suitable products.
All of the fitted communication ports, including the optional cards, can be active and used simultaneously to
monitor the UPS status. However, only one communication (the one with the highest priority) has the ability to
command and control the UPS at any given time.
The priority of the communication interfaces are:
2-10
1.
EPO input port.
2.
Optional slot-mounted Dry Contact interface card.
3.
USB Port.
4.
RS-232.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2: Description
2.5
Warranty
The PowerWave 1000 UPS is supplied with a limited warranty that the UPS and its component parts are free
from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one year from the date of commissioning or fifteen
months from the date of original delivery, whichever is the sooner. This warranty is the only warranty given
and no other warranty, express or implied, is provided.
This warranty does not apply to any losses or damages caused by misuse, abuse, negligence, neglect,
unauthorised repair or modification, incorrect installation, inappropriate installation environment, accident, act
of God, or inappropriate application.
If the UPS fails to conform to the above within the warranty period then Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd
will, at its sole option, repair or replace the UPS. All repaired or replaced parts will remain the property of
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd.
As a general policy, Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd does not recommend the use of its products in:
• life support applications where failure or malfunction of the product can be reasonably expected to
cause failure of the life support device, or to significantly affect it’s safety or effectiveness.
• applications concerned with direct patient care.
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd will not knowingly sell its products for use in such applications unless it
receives in writing assurances satisfactory to Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd that:
• the risks of injury or damage have been minimized.
• the customer assumes all such risks.
• the liability of Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd is adequately protected under the circumstances.
CAUTION: The UPS contains batteries that must be re-charged for a minimum of 12 hours every
three months to prevent deep-discharging. Batteries that have been deep-discharged, for whatever
reason, are not covered by this warranty.
2.6
Extended warranty
The standard warranty may be enhanced by protecting the UPS with an extended warranty agreement
(maintenance contract).
An extended warranty agreement enhances the standard warranty by providing the following:
•
•
•
•
regular preventative maintenance inspections.
guaranteed speed of response to operational problems.
24 hour telephone support.
fully comprehensive cover (excluding batteries and capacitors).
Contact the Service Support Hotline on 0800 731 3269 for further details.
2.7
Additional service/maintenance support
In addition to providing support for the PowerWave 1000 UPS, Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd can
provide maintenance and support on a wide range of different UPS products.
If you are interested in an extended warranty for your PowerWave 1000 UPS, or for any other UPS products
you may have, please complete the enquiry form shown on the following page and return or FAX to:
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd.
Woodgate
Bartley Wood Business Park
Hook
Hampshire
RG27 9XA
Tel:
01256 386700
0800 731 3269 (24 Hr.)
Fax:
01256 386701
Email:
service@upspower.co.uk
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
2-11
2: Description
www.upspower.co.uk
Fax to: 01256 386701
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd.
Woodgate
Bartley Wood Business Park
Hook
Hampshire
RG27 9XA
Tel:
01256 386700
Name:
............................................................................................
Job Title:
............................................................................................
Company:
............................................................................................
Address:
............................................................................................
............................................................................................
............................................................................................
............................................................................................
Post Code
............................................................................................
Tel.
............................................................................................
Fax.
............................................................................................
E-mail
............................................................................................
Please contact me to discuss:
Extended Warranty options for my PowerWave 1000 UPS
Extended warranty options for my UPS System as below:
Manufacturer:...................................................................
Model Nº:..........................................................................
Rating kVA:.......................................................................
Replacement Batteries......................................................................
Other
..................................................................(please specify)
Thank you for your enquiry, which will receive our prompt attention.
If you need to contact us immediately call free on,
Freefone 0800 731 3269
or E-mail us on service@upspower.co.uk
www.upspower.co.uk
2-12
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
3
Installation and Set-up
CAUTION: Read the safety information contained in chapter 1 before installing the UPS.
3.1
Unpacking the UPS equipment
The manufacturer has designed robust packaging for your product to help ensure it reaches you in good
order; however, accidents and damage may sometimes occur during shipment. You should inspect the UPS
carefully upon receipt and if there are signs of damage you must inform the carrier and dealer immediately.
WARNING: Under no circumstances should you connect electrical power to a damaged unit or
attempt to start it using its internal batteries.
The packaging is recyclable; save it for re-use or dispose of it appropriately and correctly.
1.
Remove the UPS from the packing carton.
2.
Check the package contents. The standard unit includes:
a) User Manual.
b) Two IEC output cables.
c) An AC power cord terminated with a mains plug suitable for the country of use.
d) A set of UPS communication software complete with RS232 cable.
e) A mounting accessories kit which allows the UPS/Battery cabinets to be configured for Tower or
Rack installation.
3.
3.2
Before proceeding, check the data plate on the rear of the UPS and verify that the unit’s voltage and
power ratings comply with the equipment order details, and contact the dealer if this is incorrect.
Selecting a suitable installation location
As the UPS weighs several kilograms, the location where the UPS is to be installed must meet be able to
safely support its weight.
To ensure correct operation and a long service life, always install the UPS in accordance with the following
environmental conditions:
• The UPS is not designed for outdoor use.
• The installed location must be dry and free of excessive dust.
• The UPS must not be installed in a corrosive environment or in the vicinity of flammable items.
• The ambient temperature and humidity must be within the limits specified in chapter 8 of this manual.
• The ventilation grills at the front of the UPS and extractor fans at the rear of the UPS must not be
obstructed.
• The UPS equipment must be installed with the clearances illustrated in Figure 3.1 as a minimum.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
3-1
3: Installation and Set-up
680 mm
1kVA
440 x 405
(w x d)
RACKS
A minimum of 300 mm (12 in) free
space must be provided at the rear of
the UPS to enable adequate cooling air
flow. However a minimum rear
clearance of 800 mm (31 in) is required
to enable ease of access for cabling.
2 kVA /
3 kVA
440 x 650
(w x d)
Front
A minimum of 300 mm (12 in) free
space must be provided at the front of
the UPS to enable adequate cooling air
flow, and a clearance of 800 mm (31 in)
is required to facilitate ease of
installation through the rack front.
800 mm
800 mm
Front
RACKS
500 mm
405 mm
800 mm
800 mm
Rack Mounted Installation
Depending on the installed location, it is
recommended that the front clearance
is increased to at least 1000 mm (40 in)
to facilitate ease of pedestrian passage.
300 mm
300 mm
680 mm
300 mm
405 mm
A minimum of 300 mm (12 in) free
space must be provided at the front and
rear of the UPS to enable adequate
cooling air flow.
However a rear clearance of 500 mm
(20 in) and side clearance of 300 mm
(12 in) is necessary for rear cabling
access. This may be achieved by
installing the UPS with a sufficient cable
length to enable it to be pulled forward
sufficiently for rear access.
500 mm
Tower Installation
2 kVA /
3 kVA
89 x 445
(w x h)
300 mm
1kVA
89 x 445
(w x h)
Front
Front
300 mm
(1000 mm for certain locations)
Figure 3.1 Installation clearances
3-2
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3: Installation and Set-up
3.3
Tower hardware configuration set-up
Using the components shown in Figure 3.2, which are supplied as standard, the UPS (and separate battery
enclosure where used) can be configured as a floor-standing Tower unit, as follows:
All necessary screws and
hardware included.
A1
A1
4 x Tower feet
A2
1 x Tower top panel bracket
A3
1 x Tower top panel
A4
1 x Tower / battery cabinet tie bar
A2
A3
A4
Figure 3.2 Tower configuration kit
A3
A2
A1
Figure 3.3 Stand-alone UPS tower configuration
3.3.1 Stand-alone UPS module (without external battery cabinet)
1.
Turn the UPS on its side and, using the screws provided, attach the four tower feet (A1) to the base of the
enclosure as shown in Figure 3.3.
2.
Carefully lift the assembly and stand it on its feet.
3.
Remove three screws from the top of the UPS enclosure, as shown in Figure 3.3 right-hand diagram.
4.
Attach angle bracket (A2) to the top front of the enclosure, using two screws, such that the lip of the
bracket faces the front of the UPS.
5.
Locate the new UPS top panel (A3) into the bracket and secure it in place by screwing it to the top rear of
the UPS enclosure using a single screw.
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3-3
3: Installation and Set-up
6.
If necessary, rotate the UPS control panel so that it is correctly orientated. To achieve this, carefully pull
the control panel forward to unclip it from its mounting, rotate it to the correct angle, then relocate it and
press it back into place.
7.
This completes the tower hardware configuration. The UPS should now be commissioned as detailed in
paragraph 3.5.1 before it is put into service.
3.3.2 UPS module with external battery cabinet
A1
A2
A3
A4
Figure 3.4 Stand-alone tower configuration with external battery.
This is similar to the preceding procedure. Note that the external battery enclosure is of a similar mechanical
design to the UPS enclosure and comes complete with its own rack/tower hardware configuration kit. The
battery cabinet is secured to the right of the UPS (when viewing from the front) as follows:
3-4
1.
Turn the UPS on its side and attach two tower feet (A1) as shown in Figure 3.4 to the left hand side of the
enclosure base.
2.
Remove the sole plates from the two remaining tower feet and fit them to the base of the UPS so that
they do not protrude from the side of the enclosure (see Figure 3.4). This is done to ensure the UPS base
stands level when it is turned back on its feet.
3.
Repeat steps 1 and 2 on the base of the battery enclosure, ensuring that the protruding feet are fitted to
the enclosure’s right hand side.
4.
If necessary, rotate the UPS control panel so that it is correctly orientated. To achieve this, carefully pull
the control panel forward to unclip it from its mounting, rotate it to the correct angle, then relocate it and
press it back into place.
5.
Carefully lift both assemblies and stand them on their feet adjacent to each other, with the battery
enclosure standing to the right of the UPS enclosure.
6.
Remove three screws from the top of the each enclosure (two from the front and one from the back), as
shown in Figure 3.4 right hand diagram.
7.
Fit the tie bar (A4) between the two enclosures to secure them together (after removing the necessary
screws from the tops of the enclosures).
8.
Attach the angle brackets (A2) to the top front of the UPS enclosure, using two screws, such that the lip
of the bracket faces the enclosure’s front.
9.
Locate the new UPS enclosure top panel (A3) into the bracket and secure it in place by screwing it to the
top rear of the enclosure using a single screw.
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3: Installation and Set-up
10. Repeat the previous 2 steps to fit the new top panel to the battery cabinet.
11. Connect the interconnecting battery cable (supplied) between the UPS and battery enclosure. Note that
you may have to remove the safety cover on the back of each unit to gain access to the battery
connector.
12. This completes the tower+battery hardware configuration. The UPS should now be commissioned as
detailed in paragraph 3.5.1 before it is put into service.
3.4
Rack configuration set-up
B1
B3
B2
B4
B5
B6
B1
1 x Adjustable mounting rail (Left)
B2
1 x Adjustable mounting rail (Right)
B3
2 x Adapter plate
B4
2 x Rack mounting handle
B5
12 x Captive nuts
B6
8 x Dome head bolts
B7
4 x Countersunk bolts
B7
Figure 3.5 UPS Rack mounting kit
The PowerWave 1000 UPS and battery enclosure(s) can be installed in a standard 19 inch rack, and can be
either shelf mounted or installed on adjustable mounting rails that are provided as part of the rack installation
kit. If the batteries are housed in a separate enclosure, it should be mounted on an adjacent shelf in the same
rack using same procedure as mounting the UPS. The two enclosures are then later connected together
using the supplied interconnecting cable.
B1
B2
FRONT
Shelf mounting
Adjustable mounting rails
Figure 3.6 Rack mounting options
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3-5
3: Installation and Set-up
3.4.1 Installing the adjustable mounting rails
The adjustable mounting rail kit contains a pair of mounting rails (left and right handed) that are fitted to each
side of the cabinet and secured by two screws – front and back. The rails can be extended to any length
between 543 mm and 925 mm and are compatible with most standard 19 inch rack assemblies of 600 mm to
900 mm depth.
1.
Remove five screws from the front of both sides
of the UPS.
2.
Attach a mounting handle assembly (B4) to both
sides of the UPS enclosure, using the holes
vacated in the previous step to secure the
handles in place.
3.
Extend the adjustable mounting rail and hold in place (see Figure 3.6).
4.
Align the two holes in the back of the adjustable mounting rail with the
holes in the cabinet’s vertical fixing rail.
5.
Identify and mark the two vertical fixing rail holes to which the adjustable
mounting rail is to be fixed.
6.
Clip captive nuts (B5) to the two vertical fixing rails holes identified above.
7.
Secure the rear of the adjustable mounting rail to the vertical fixing rail
using two dome headed bolts (B6).
8.
With the rear of the adjustable mounting rail secured in place, and the adjustable mounting rail extended, identify
the four fixing points that will align with the equipment mounting handles and clip four captive nuts to the required
fixing points.
B4
B2
B6
Note: The fixing points will vary according to the equipment height (2U, 3U, 4U) as shown in Figure 3.8.
9.
Secure the adjustable mounting rail to the rack’s front vertical fixing rail using two countersunk bolts (B7) and
adapter plate (B3) (see Figure 3.8).
10. Repeat the steps 1 to 9 above to fit the second adjustable mounting rail.
WARNING: The UPS / Battery enclosure is heavy. When lifting the equipment ensure that adequate
manpower is available and any mechanical lifting aids are suitable for the weights involved.
WARNING: When inserting the enclosure into the rack ensure that it is held level. If it is inserted at an
angle it could pivot about the back of the mounting rail runners if the front of the enclosure is tilted
upwards.
11. When both mounting rails are fitted, carefully insert the UPS / Battery enclosure into the rack so that it rests
correctly on the rails. Then secure it in place using the four dome head bolts (B6) as shown in Figure 3.8.
12. The UPS should now be commissioned as detailed in paragraph 3.5.1 before it is put into service.
Figure 3.7 Adjustable mounting rail installation
3-6
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3: Installation and Set-up
2U Fixing
Rack fixing rail
B3
Adjustable rail
B6
B5
Adapter plate
B7
B5
Rack fixing rail
B3
B6
Adjustable rail
Adapter plate
B7
3U Fixing
B5
4U Fixing
Rack fixing rail
B3
B6
Adjustable rail
Adapter plate
B7
Figure 3.8 Fixing points for captive nuts
Once the UPS has been installed, if necessary, rotate the UPS control panel so that it is correctly orientated.
To achieve this, carefully pull the control panel forward to unclip it from its mounting, rotate it to the correct
angle, then relocate it and press it back into place.
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3: Installation and Set-up
3.5
Electrical configuration
3.5.1 Commissioning procedure
Before the UPS is put into service, it should be configured to suit the local electrical supply and load
application. This can be considered a ‘once-only’ commissioning procedure and, once completed, will only
need to be repeated if the application requirements change.
CAUTION: Before you carry out this procedure you must be familiar with the Operator Control
Panel functions and the rear panel connections (see paragraph 2.3 and paragraph 2.4).
You should also be familiar with the safety information contained in Chapter 1.
1.
Verify that the UPS power outlets are not connected to any load.
2.
Check that the utility supply voltage matches the input voltage range specified on the UPS data plate.
3.
Connect the UPS input power cable to the utility supply, turn ON the utility supply and close the input
circuit breaker located on the rear of the UPS.
a) The LCD Display will turn on and all of its symbols will illuminate for approximately 3 seconds.
b) The status leds will all turn on for approximately 3 seconds and then extinguish except for the utility
input supply (green) and bypass supply (amber) leds, which will remain lit.
c)
4.
The LCD panel will indicate that the battery is on charge and the UPS is off.
Simultaneously press and hold the ON and DOWN buttons for 3~5 seconds, until a beep is heard, and then
release them.
a)
The LCD will display b_on. This indicates that the UPS is now in its set-up mode.
Bypass voltage window
5.
Press the DOWN button twice.
a)
6.
The LCD indication will scroll through tnon and end up showing either S_Lo or
indicates the applied bypass voltage window.
S_Lo sets the bypass window to 184~260 VAC and S_H1 sets it to 195~260 Vac.
S_H1.
This
Press the UP button to select the wanted bypass voltage window (either S_Lo or S_H1 is displayed).
Inverter frequency sync window
7.
Press the DOWN button.
a)
8.
The LCD indication will now show either St01 Hz or St03 Hz. This indicates the permitted bypass
frequency window to which the UPS inverter will synchronise.
St01 Hz sets the frequency window to ±1 Hz and St03 Hz sets it to ±3 Hz.
Press the UP button to select the wanted bypass frequency sync window.
Inverter output voltage
9.
Press the DOWN button.
a)
b)
The LCD indication will now show either o200 V, o208 V, o220 V, o230 V or o240 V.
Press the UP button to select the required output voltage.
Input/Output frequency changer mode
The UPS can be configured to operate as either a 50/60 Hz or 60/50 Hz frequency changer.
Note: When operating in a frequency changer mode the bypass supply is disabled.
10. Press the DOWN button.
3-8
a)
The LCD indication will now show either norL, c50 Hz or c60 Hz.
norL = normal operation with 50 Hz input and output (default),
c50 Hz = 60/50 Hz frequency changer, and c60 Hz = 50/60 Hz frequency changer.
b)
Press the UP button to select one of the frequency changer modes if required.
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3: Installation and Set-up
Inverter output fine adjustment
11. Press the DOWN button.
a) By default, the LCD indication will now show oA 0 %.
b) If you want to trim the output voltage, press the UP button to cycle through the available options and
select the required value – oA1 %, oA 2 %, oA 3 %, oA-1 %, oA-2 %, oA-3 %.
Confirm & Save
12. Press the DOWN button.
a)
b)
The LCD indication will now show SAuE.
If you want to double-check all the selected values you can scroll through the above list of
parameters by repeatedly pressing the DOWN button and make any necessary further changes.
c)
Once you are satisfied that all the selected values are correct, with SAuE shown on the LCD display
press the ENTER button to store the selected values in the UPS memory.
d)
The LCD panel will revert to indicate the battery is on charge and UPS is off.
Note: Once the configuration has been saved you must turn OFF the UPS and temporarily turn off the input
utility supply before you can access the setup mode again using the ON and DOWN buttons. This is a safety
measure designed to prevent the UPS operating parameters from being changed while it is on-line.
3.5.2 Initial UPS power-up
1.
The optional UPS communications cards can be fitted at this point or installed later, as required (see
chapter 7 for option card details).
2.
Turn ON the UPS as described in paragraph 4.1.1.
3.
Check all metered parameters to ascertain that the indications are correct (see page 4-3).
4.
Leave the battery on charge for 4 hours.
Note: You can charge the batteries with the UPS output turned OFF as long as its utility input supply is
connected and turned ON.
5.
Carry out a battery test, as described in paragraph .
6.
If the battery test is successful, the UPS can now be put into service.
CAUTION: It is recommended that the battery is charged for further 4 hours before connecting
any critical load. This is to ensure that the battery is charged to a level that enables the UPS to
perform to full specification.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
3-9
3: Installation and Set-up
3.6
UPS Setting tool
The UPS Setting Tool is a software
application supplied with the
PowerWave 1000 which enables you
to set-up certain UPS basic
operating parameters and configure
the programmable power outlets.
The operating parameters can also
be set-up from the UPS control
panel, as described in paragraph
3.5.1, but the UPS Setting Tool
provides the only means of
controlling the programmable power
outlets.
In order to use the UPS Setting Tool
you must connect an RS232 serial
cable between the UPS COM port
and computer on which the
application is installed – with the
computer COM port configured as
described in paragraph 2.4.1.
Figure 3.9 UPS Setting tool
3.6.1 Establishing communication
1.
2.
Connect the RS232 serial cable between the computer and
UPS.
Turn ON the UPS input supply but DO NOT press the UPS
control panel ON button.
a)
Run the UPS Setting Tool application on the computer.
4.
Select the appropriate Com Port in the UPS Setting Tool.
b)
LINE
UPS
2
LOAD
The UPS will run through its start-up self tests and then
adopt its off status.
3.
a)
1
A communication link should establish automatically, but
press the Connect button if necessary to force the
connection.
The Serial
port
open and Connected status
messages should appear.
3.6.2 Generating a UPS profile and data file
The UPS settings you apply through this tool can be saved to a data file on your computer for later recall. This
allows you to observe the changes you’ve made over time, and provides an easy way to restore a previous
configuration profile if required. This procedure shows you how to set up a data file for the specific UPS
machine, then generate a configuration data record and access the file to observe the configuration history.
1.
In the top right-hand corner of the UPS Setting Tool enter some
unique details to identify the connected UPS.
2.
Click the Write button to send the identification data to the UPS,
where it will be stored in memory.
a) Click the Yes button in the Writing?? confirmation dialog.
b) The UPS will beep twice to confirm that it has received the data.
c) Click OK to clear the Transmit OK dialog.
3-10
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3: Installation and Set-up
3.
In order to save the machine identification data to the UPS memory, you must now reset the UPS by
turning OFF its input supply then turning it back ON again.
4.
At any time when the UPS is re-started you can download the data held in the UPS memory by clicking
the Read button. This will then populate the UPS Setting Tool fields with the stored values.
5.
To set up a new data file, click File>New from the menu bar.
6.
Using standard Windows file navigation methods, select the
directory in which you want to save the file, enter a filename,
and click the Open button to save the file.
a)
The file will be save with a .ret filetype.
7.
If you now open the file (using File>Open from the menu bar)
you will see an empty data file, as shown below.
8.
To add a record for the current configuration data, select Record>Add New from the menu bar.
9.
The new record will now be shown in the data file – see below.
Notice that the Name of Company and UPS type details are shown in the first two fields to identify the
associated UPS machine.
10. In order to associate the data file with the connected UPS you must now once again turn OFF the UPS
input supply then turn it back ON again. This will store a reference to the data filename in the UPS
memory and allow quick access when you want to open the file in the future.
11. To close the data file click the standard Close button [X] in the top right of the window.
3.6.3
Setting up the basic UPS operating parameters
The UPS Setting Tool allows you to set up several basic UPS operating parameters.
1.
Select the required parameters using the drop-down selector
boxes (*default):
a) (Input) System Voltage Selection – 220V*, 110V.
b) (Output) Voltage Configuration – 200V, 208V, 220V*,
230V, 240V.
c) UPS Mode – Normal mode (50Hz input/output), CF50
(50Hz/60Hz input/output), CF60 (60Hz/50Hz input/output).
d) Output Voltage Fine Tuning – +3%, +2%, +1%, 0%*, -1%,
-2%, -3%.
e) Bypass Voltage Window – Sensitivity
Low*,
Sensitivity High.
f) Syn-Frequency Window– 3Hz*, 1Hz.
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3-11
3: Installation and Set-up
2.
Once all the parameters have been selected, click the Write button to send the data to the UPS.
a) Click the Yes button in the Writing?? confirmation dialog.
b) The UPS will beep twice to confirm that it has received the data.
c) Click OK to clear the Transmit OK dialog.
3.
In order to apply the changes you must now turn OFF the UPS input supply then turn it back ON again.
3.6.4 Managing the UPS data file
You can open the UPS configuration data file stored on your computer at any time using File>Open from
the menu bar, as described in paragraph 3.6.2. An example data file is shown below. When the file is open
you can select a record by clicking anywhere in the record line – a selected record is highlighted blue.
Adding a new record to the UPS data file
1.
As described above, to add the current configuration to the UPS data file, select Record>Add New on
the UPS Setting Tool menu bar.
a)
The new record will be added to the bottom of the data file.
Updating an existing UPS data file record
To update an existing data file record with configuration data displayed in the UPS Setting Tool:
1.
Open the UPS data file.
2.
Select the particular record that you want to update.
3.
Click the Unlock button that appears between the Read and Write buttons on the UPS Setting Tool.
4.
Ensure that the UPS Setting Tool contains the required update data.
5.
Select Record>Update from the UPS Setting Tool menu bar.
a)
b)
Click the Yes button in the Update?? confirmation dialog.
The UPS data file record will now be updated.
Applying configuration data from an existing record
Use this procedure to set up the UPS using data obtained from an existing data file record.
1.
Open the UPS data file.
2.
Select the data record that you want to apply to the UPS.
3.
Click the Unlock button that appears between the Read and Write buttons on the UPS Setting Tool.
4.
The UPS Setting Tool data fields will now be populated with data retrieved from the selected data record.
5.
Click the Write button to send the data to the UPS.
a) Click the Yes button in the Writing?? confirmation dialog.
b) The UPS will beep twice to confirm that it has received the data.
c) Click OK to clear the Transmit OK dialog.
6.
3-12
In order to apply the changes you have made you must now turn OFF the UPS input supply then turn it
back ON again.
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3: Installation and Set-up
3.6.5 Setting up the programmable power outlets
The two programmable power outlets located on the
UPS back panel can be programmed to turn ON or OFF
under certain circumstances. This feature is typically
used to turn off any non-critical loads connected to these
outlets when the UPS is operating on battery power, and
so increase the battery autonomy time. A green LED
illuminates on the UPS control panel to indicate when the
outlets are live.
Each of the two outlets can be set-up individually through
the Programmable Outlook Scheme window
illustrated in Figure 3.10.
This window has two areas; the top, Programmable
Outlet Settings area, allows rules to be applied to
determine when the programmable outlets are turned ON
and OFF. The lower area allows provides a means of
manually controlling the outlets’ ON/OFF status when the
UPS is operating.
Note: There is no other means of applying these settings
other than through the UPS Setting Tool software.
The available programmable outlet settings are:
Figure 3.10 Programmable outlets settings
• Turn Outlet On, After UPS On –
This option sets a delay between the UPS being turned ON and the enabling of the programmable
outlet. The set time can be between 0-3600 seconds, and when set to 0 seconds the outlet is enabled
immediately after the UPS is turned ON.
• Outlet Turn Off, After AC Failure –
This option sets the time that the programmable outlet remains turned ON following a UPS input
mains supply failure. If only non-critical loads are connected to the programmable outlet, this allows
them to be shed following an input supply failure in order to achieve a longer back-up time for the
critical loads that connected to the standard UPS outlets. The set time can be between 0-3600
seconds, and when set to 0 seconds the outlet is disabled immediately following a supply failure.
• Outlet Turn On, After AC Recovery –
This option sets a time delay before the programmable outlet turns ON following the recovery of the
UPS input mains supply from an outage. The set time can be between 0-3600 seconds, and when set
to 0 seconds the outlet is enabled immediately after the input supply is restored.
Key Point: If you set the programmable outlet to turn OFF after an input supply failure, the
outlet will not turn back on again when the supply is restored unless you tick the ‘Outlet
Turn On, After Recovery’ check box.
• Outlet Turn Off, When Battery Low –
When the UPS is operating on battery power, this option is used to set the point at which the
programmable outlet is switched OFF during the battery discharge. Once again this is to prolong the
available battery autonomy time by shedding less critical loads. The level of operation can be set to
20%-80% of remaining charge.
• Outlet Turn Off When UPS Overload –
This option is used to determine if the programmable outlet is turned OFF during overload conditions.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
3-13
3: Installation and Set-up
Programmable Outlet Settings
You can change programmable outlet settings at any time irrespective as to whether the UPS is
operating on-line. There is no need to shutdown the UPS to apply any changes made.
off or
This procedure can be used to set-up either/both programmable outlets.
1.
Click the Programmable outlet setting button on the UPS Setting Tool window.
a)
2.
The Programmable Outlook Scheme window will open in front of the UPS Setting Tool.
To change a particular operating function, tick (or clear) the check box to the left of the function and enter
a value if required.
Note: Enter numerical values only.
3.
Activate the change by clicking the Setting button.
a)
4.
The UPS will respond with two beeps to acknowledge receipt of the data.
When all changes have be made, close the Programmable Outlook Scheme window by clicking the
standard Close button [X] in the top right corner of the window.
Note: If the window re-opens, select it closed for a second time.
Manual Control Switch
The manual control buttons can be used to turn ON/OFF the their respective programmable outlets while the
UPS is operating in a live environment. The operation of these buttons is not stored in memory – i.e. if you
turn OFF a programmable outlet and then shut down the UPS, when the UPS is restarted the programmable
outlet will turn ON immediately, as standard (unless there is a programmed delay).
This procedure can be used to turn ON/OFF programmable outlets individually.
1.
Click the Programmable outlet setting button on the UPS Setting Tool window.
a)
2.
3.
Click the programmable outlets’ ON or OFF buttons as required.
Click Yes in the confirmation dialog box.
a)
4.
The Programmable Outlook Scheme window will open in front of the UPS Setting Tool.
The UPS will respond with two beeps to acknowledge receipt of the change.
When the changes have be made, close the Programmable Outlook Scheme window by clicking the
standard Close button [X] in the top right corner of the window.
Note: If the window re-opens, select it closed for a second time.
3-14
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
4
4.1
Operating Procedures
Start-up procedures
4.1.1 Normal start-up (with mains available)
1.
2.
Connect the UPS to the utility mains power receptacle using the power
cable supplied.
Turn ON the UPS mains supply and close the input supply circuit breaker
located on the back of the UPS.
The UPS fans will start.
The UPS control system will boot-up and initially turn on all the leds
and LCD symbols for a few seconds.
c) Once the control system has booted, the programmable power
outlet leds and warning led will extinguish, leaving only the input
mains power led (green) and bypass power led (amber) illuminated.
d) The battery will begin charging, as indicated on the UPS mimic, and
the UPS output status will be shown as off.
1
?
LINE
a)
b)
3.
UPS
LOAD
LOW
C
1
LINE
UPS
Press and hold the UPS ON button for approximately 3~5 seconds until
you hear two beeps, then release it.
The UPS will run an initialisation self-test routine, with Inlt shown
on the LCD.
b) The audible alarm will sound intermittently but may be silenced by
pressing the alarm silence (ON) button.
c) If the UPS does not complete its initialisation self test successfully
the LCD will shown a FalL message.
d) If the UPS boots up successfully the LCD mimic display will show
that the UPS is operating on line and the input voltage will be
indicated on the LCD meter.
e) The input power and bypass power LEDs will remain lit together with
the programmable output sockets LEDs which will now also
illuminate (green) to show that these two output are now live.
2
V
Hz
A
%
2
LOAD
1
2
a)
4.
Check all metered parameters to ascertain that the indications are
correct (see page 4-3)
LINE
UPS
LOAD
1
LINE
UPS
LOAD
1
LINE
UPS
2
LOAD
2
V
CAUTION: When turning on the UPS for the first time, or following a long shut down period, leave the unit
running for at least eight hours to fully charge the batteries.
W
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
4-1
4: Operating Procedures
4.1.2 Start-up on battery mode (cold start)
In the absence of the utility power supply, the UPS can be started from its internal batteries – sometimes referred to as a
“cold start”. This is only possible if the batteries are well charged – to a minimum of 33.5V in the case of a 1 kVA unit and
67V for the 2 kVA and 3 kVA units. This is achieved if the batteries have been charged for a minimum of 4 hours.
Note: Read through this procedure before you attempt to carry it out. In a part of this procedure you have to press the
ON button twice within a one second period. If you take longer than one second between presses the UPS will not start
and you will have to turn it OFF, by pressing the OFF button, before you can make another attempt to start it.
1.
Hold the ON button for approximately 3 seconds until a double beep is
heard then momentarily (within one second) release the button and
press it again for approximately 3 seconds until a further beep is heard.
a)
b)
c)
During the first button press
The UPS fans will start.
The UPS control system will boot-up and initially turn on all the leds
and LCD symbols for a few seconds.
When control system boot-up has completed, all the leds will turn
off, the LCD mimic will display the UPS connected to the battery and
the UPS status will be shown as off.
1
2
?
LINE
UPS
LOAD
LOW
C
1
LINE
UPS
V
Hz
A
%
2
LOAD
Following the second button press
a)
The LCD display will initially keep the UPS off screen displayed for
a few seconds.
The UPS will then run an initialisation self-test routine, with Inlt
status shown on the LCD.
b) The audible alarm will sound intermittently but may be silenced by
pressing the alarm silence (ON) button.
a)
1
LINE
UPS
LOAD
1
c)
If the UPS does not complete its initialisation self test successfully
the LCD will show a FalL status message.
d)
If the UPS passes its initialisation self test the LCD mimic display
will show that the UPS is operating on battery and the input voltage
will be indicated as 0 V on the LCD meter.
The two programmable outlet LEDs will illuminate (if programmed to
be turned on) to show that these two output are now live, but the
utility supply and bypass supply leds will remain extinguished
e)
2.
LINE
UPS
UPS
2
LOAD
1
LINE
2
LOAD
2
V
Check all metered parameters to ascertain that the battery voltage and
UPS output indications are correct (see page 4-3)
CAUTION: When turning on the UPS for the first time, or following a long shut down period, leave the unit
running for at least eight hours to fully charge the batteries before connecting any critical load.
W
4-2
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
4: Operating Procedures
4.2
Operator control functions
At any time during normal operation of the UPS the operator can:
• Monitor the UPS input supply, output supply, battery and internal temperature using the LCD display.
• Enable or disable the audible alarm.
• Functionally test the battery.
4.2.1 Using the LCD metering function
The LCD metering function can display the input voltage, input frequency, load voltage, load frequency,
percentage load, battery voltage and internal temperature. When the UPS is operating, you can scroll
through these parameters using the DOWN or UP button.
Scroll UP
Scroll DOWN
Note that the three arrowheads on the LCD mimic diagram identify the source of the meter indication as
being either Input, Load or Battery.
Input line voltage
LINE
UPS
LOAD
Input line frequency
LINE
UPS
LOAD
Load voltage
LINE
UPS
LOAD
Load frequency
LINE
UPS
LOAD
Load percentage
LINE
UPS
LOAD
V
Hz
V
Hz
%
Battery voltage
LINE
UPS
LOAD
Internal temperature
LINE
UPS
LOAD
V
C
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
4-3
4: Operating Procedures
4.2.2 Enable/disable the audible alarm
You can use the following procedure to enable or disable the audible alarm operation. This will not affect the audible
beeps associated with pressing the control buttons, which will remain active even if the audible alarm is turned off.
Note: If the UPS is powered down and disconnected from its input supply, the audible alarm status will revert to ON
b_on (default) when the UPS is next started.
1.
With the UPS on-line, press the FUNCTION button.
a)
The LCD will display either b_on or b_of. This indicates that the
UPS is now in its operator set-up mode and shows the current
operational status of the audible alarm.
b_on = audible alarm enabled – b_of = audible alarm disabled.
2.
Press the UP button to select the wanted audible alarm status.
3.
Press the FUNCTION button to activate the selected status and return to
the normal LCD Display.
1
2
1
2
Note: If you do not press the FUNCTION button the LCD will revert to its
normal display automatically after approximately 10 seconds and the
selected audible alarm setting will be activated.
Battery test
You can carry out a periodic battery test using the following procedure. This test effectively places the UPS in its OnBattery mode for approximately 10 seconds, during which time the control electronics monitors the battery performance.
1.
With the UPS turned ON, press the FUNCTION button.
a)
2.
The LCD will display
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
The LCD will momentarily display trun followed by teSt, which
will remain on the display while the battery test takes place.
When the test is completed the LCD will display this “OK” screen if the
battery test was successful, otherwise it will show fAIL.
Note: If the UPS fails the battery test contact your supplier for technical
assistance.
4-4
1
tnon.
Press the UP button
a)
4.
b_on (or b_of).
Press the DOWN button.
a)
3.
The LCD will display
LINE
UPS
LOAD
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
4: Operating Procedures
4.3
Shutdown procedures
4.3.1 Normal shutdown (with mains available)
This procedure describe the shutdown sequence when turning OFF the UPS
when it is operating in its normal ‘On Line’ mode.
Note: Before you shut down the UPS make sure it is safe to disconnect the
critical load power.
1.
LINE
UPS
2
V
LOAD
Press the OFF button for approximately 3~5 seconds, until you hear two
beeps, then release it.
a)
b)
The two programmable UPS outlet leds will extinguish to indicate the
removal of UPS output power.
The input mains and bypass supply leds will remain lit.
c) The LCD screen will show the UPS status as oFF.
d) On the LCD mimic, the load will be shown disconnected from the
UPS but the battery still connected to the input LINE and on charge.
2.
1
1
LINE
UPS
2
LOAD
To completely shut down the UPS, disconnect the UPS utility mains
supply.
a)
The UPS fans and control panel will remain operative for a few
seconds before the unit completely shuts down.
4.3.2 UPS shutdown when on battery
This procedure describe the shutdown sequence when turning OFF the UPS
when it is operating in its standby, ‘On Battery’, mode. You would typically
use this procedure during a prolonged utility mains failure if you chose to
shutdown the critical load, followed by the UPS, in a controlled manner
before the battery reaches the end of its autonomy time.
1.
LINE
UPS
Turn OFF the UPS by pressing the OFF button for approximately 3~5
seconds, until you hear two beeps, then release it.
a)
2
V
LOAD
1
2
The two programmable UPS outlet leds will extinguish to indicate the
removal of UPS output power.
b) The LCD screen will show the UPS status as oFF.
c) On the LCD mimic, the load will be shown disconnected from the
UPS.
2.
1
LINE
UPS
LOAD
After a few seconds the UPS will completely shut down and all led and
display indications will extinguish.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
4-5
4: Operating Procedures
4.4
Manual load transfer between inverter and bypass
Some installations might include an external (maintenance) bypass circuit connected in parallel with the UPS
to provide an alternative power source for the load supply. Such installations are designed to enable the UPS
to be totally removed or powered down, for troubleshooting, without disrupting the load.
The PowerWave 1000 allows the operator to manually switch the load between inverter and bypass so that it
can be used within an external bypass environment.
Note: In practice, a variety of external bypass designs are used, so explicit external bypass operating
instructions are not provided here. The following instructions refer only to the UPS internal inverter/bypass
transfer operation.
To transfer the load from the UPS inverter to the internal bypass:
1.
Simultaneously press the ON and UP buttons for approximately 3~5
seconds, until you hear a double beep, then release them.
The LCD mimic will show the load connected to the input LINE via
the internal bypass.
b) The batteries are shown still connected to the input LINE and
charging (if the charger is still operative).
c) The bypass supply led will be flashing approximately once a second.
d) The audible alarm will sound but can be silenced by pressing the ON
button.
e) All metered parameters can be monitored as per normal.
1
2
a)
Note: If the UPS input mains supply is disconnected when it is operating on
bypass, the UPS will not revert to battery power but will instead shut down
with a faIL status indication. The UPS internal electronics will remain
powered from the battery and all leds will extinguish apart from the red
FAULT led, which will be permanently lit, and the audible alarm will sound
continuously.
LINE
UPS
LOAD
1
LINE
UPS
Hz
2
LOAD
To transfer the load from the static bypass back to the UPS inverter:
1.
Simultaneously press the ON and UP buttons for approximately 3~5
seconds, until you hear a double beep, then release them.
a) The LCD mimic will show the load connected to the UPS.
b) The bypass supply led will be permanently illuminated.
c) The audible alarm will sound but can be silenced by pressing the ON
button.
d)
1
LINE
The LCD display will revert to normal (on-line mode) indications.
LOAD
1
LINE
4-6
UPS
UPS
2
LOAD
Hz
2
V
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
5
5.1
Maintenance
Battery replacement
The UPS batteries are fitted in plastic-covered packs which are accessible from the front of the enclosure and
can be replaced without shutting down the UPS.
CAUTION: If battery replacement is necessary it should undertaken by a trained engineer.
1.
Using a small screwdriver as a lever, carefully remove the two press-fit plastic covers from the left hand
end of the UPS front panel. This will expose two front panel securing screws.
2.
Remove the two front panel securing screws using a Phillips screwdriver.
3.
Carefully pull the fascia away from the front panel to expose the battery packs.
4.
Cut any cable ties that are holding the battery cables in place.
5.
Disconnect the battery connector(s) and carefully withdraw the battery pack(s).
Use the above procedure in reverse order to fit the battery pack(s)
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
5-1
5: Maintenance
5-2
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
6
6.1
Troubleshooting
Introduction
If a fault occurs, due to either a UPS internal malfunction or
severe overload situation, the UPS will shut down and must be
reset by the operator in order to bring it back into operation.
Depending on the cause of the fault, the UPS may either shut
down entirely (top illustration) or transfer the load to the internal
bypass line.
If a transfer to bypass has taken place, the bypass symbol will be
shown in the top left hand corner of the LCD display (lower
illustration).
LINE
UPS
1
2
1
2
LOAD
Figure 6.1 UPS Fault screens
6.2
Error codes
In general, under fault conditions the red FAULT led will illuminate and an audible warning will be given. Many
faults can be identified by briefly pressing the OFF button, which then displays a fault code on the LCD
message area.
Key Point: If you press the OFF button for longer than five seconds the UPS will shut-down.
Error Codes
Audible Alarm (beeps)
Er05
Weak or faulty battery
Continuous beep
UPS Faulty, Inverter shutdown.
All functions inhibited
Er06
Output short-circuited
Single beep every 2 sec.
UPS Faulty, load continued to be
supplied via inverter or bypass.
Er07
Er11
Er12
Er14
Er18
EPO Operated
Single beep every sec.
UPS On-Battery mode
UPS Over temperature
Quick and short successive beeps Battery low
Inverter overload
Two quick and short beeps
Confirm / RS232 port receiving.
Fan failure
One quick and short beep
Service Mode OK
EEPROM Data error
Two quick and short beeps,
repeating every two secs.
UPS Initial start-up with self test.
Er24
Low input voltage (<85-170V)
or disconnected battery
Er28
Er31
Bypass overload
EEPROM data does not
conform to the jumper setting
Figure 6.2 Alarm interpretation aids
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
6-1
6: Troubleshooting
6.3
Troubleshooting a fault condition
If the UPS develops a fault during operation (red FAULT illuminated), you should check the error codes listed
below for appropriate solutions. Should the problem persist, please contact your local dealer for assistance.
LCD Error Code
Possible Solution
Battery problem:
Er05
1.
Check that the battery connections have been made correctly.
2.
Measure the battery voltage to ensure it is charged and in good condition.
Recharge battery for 8 hours if necessary.
3.
Simulate a utility supply outage to establish that UPS is able to provide DC back-up.
4.
Contact your local dealer right away if you can find no problem with the above.
Overload:
Er11
?
Er14
Other
6.4
1.
Disconnect any non critical loads from the UPS output until the overload ceases.
2.
Check the condition of the output cables and connectors to determine that they are
undamaged and the insulation is sound. Replace the output cables if necessary.
3.
Contact your local dealer right away if you can find no problem with the above.
UPS Over temperature:
1.
Remove any objects obstructing the ventilation louvers.
2.
Check to ensure that the cooling fans are working properly (see also Er14), and contact
your local dealer to replace the fans if necessary.
3.
Contact your local dealer right away if you can find no problem with the above.
Site wiring/earth fault:
1.
Check that the utility AC source ‘L’ & ‘N’ have been wired correctly.
2.
Check that the earth/ neutral voltage has exceeded the limits specified in chapter 8.
3.
Contact your local dealer right away if you can find no problem with the above.
Fan error:
1.
Verify if the ventilating fans are functioning properly.
Do not attempt to replace the fans by yourself.
2.
Contact your local dealer for fan replacement.
For all other error codes, contact your local dealer for technical assistance.
Troubleshooting an operational problem.
Symptom
Possible Solution
UPS fails to provide battery back-up, or its back-up time
is shorter than its specified performance.
1.
Charge the battery for eight hours. If the back-up time
remains unsatisfactory after 8 hours of charging, please
contact your local dealer for battery replacement.
UPS operation appears to be normal but there is no
output to load.
1.
Check that all output power cords are connected
correctly.
2.
If the problem is with one of the programmable outlets,
check the programmed parameters and reset them if
necessary.
3.
If the problem persists, consult your local dealer for
technical assistance.
1.
Check for a faulty UPS input cable or utility supply wall
receptacle and replace/repair any faulty item found.
2.
If the problem persists, consult your local dealer for
technical assistance.
The UPS switches to battery mode then back to on-line
mode, when the connected device is turned on.
Or, the UPS switches back and forth between battery
and on-line mode.
Strange noise and/or odour emitted by UPS
6-2
Immediately shut down the UPS System.
Disconnect the UPS input power and call for service.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
6: Troubleshooting
6.5
UPS Fault handling
6.5.1 UPS Overload
To prevent severe inverter damage caused by inrush currents, the UPS is equipped with an electronic
overload protection feature which switches the load to the bypass line within 30 sec if the UPS load rises to
between 105% – 120% of its rated capacity. As inrush currents are normally short-lived, once the current
being drawn from the bypass falls below <105%, the UPS will switch back to inverter mode automatically.
Note that if the UPS appears to be repeatedly momentarily overloading it could be due to the inrush currents
produced as various multiple loads are started. If the UPS is overloaded by >150% its inverter will shut down
immediately.
The bypass line is also equipped with overload protection. Its overload capacity/time characteristics are
illustrated in the table below.
Load (%)
110-120
121-130
131-135
136-145
146-148
149-157
158-176
177-187
188<
Delay Time
(sec)
250
125
50
20
5
2
1
0.32
0.16
6.5.2 Output short circuit
Output load short circuit when the output supply is via inverter
If output load is short circuited while it is being supplied via the inverter:
1.
The inverter is shutdown immediately and stop the supply to the load.
2.
The FAULT led will illuminate up and the audible alarm will beep continuously.
3.
The UPS will not switch on automatically after the short-circuit condition is eliminated. It has to be restarted manually (see paragraph 4.1.1).
Output short-circuit when the output supply via the bypass line
If the output load is short-circuited in bypass mode:
1.
The utility fuse/breaker will be activated (open-circuited) to prevent the output load from damage.
2.
You must replace the fuse with a fuse of the same rating after the cause of the short-circuit condition has
been rectified.
6.5.3 Inverter/internal over-temperature
If the UPS experiences an internal over-temperature when the utility supply is normal it will transfer the load
to the bypass line, and switch back to inverter mode when the over-temperature situation has been
eliminated.
If over temperature occurs when the utility supply is abnormal:
1.
The audible alarm will beep continuously.
2.
The FAULT led will illuminate.
3.
The UPS will cut off the load supply.
6.5.4 Inverter over-current and output voltage out of tolerance
If the UPS develops a fault and its inverter delivers an over-current and out-of-tolerance voltage:
1.
The UPS will transfer the load to the bypass line as long as the utility supply is normal.
2.
The UTILITY led, BYPASS led and FAULT led will illuminate.
If these fault conditions occur when the utility supply is abnormal:
1.
The UPS will cut off the supply to its outlets and shut down.
2.
The FAULT led will illuminate.
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
6-3
6: Troubleshooting
6-4
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
7
7.1
Options
The importance of UPS management
The utility supply is inevitably unreliable every now and then; and assuring continuous power to all the
facilities connected to it can be a difficult task. The situation is further complicated if worldwide systems are
managed via a Local Area Network (LAN) or Wide Area Network (WAN).
However, by using the PowerWave 1000 UPS system in conjunction with purpose-designed network
management tools, a systems administrator can take measures to back-up data and prevent system errors or
data loss even in the event of a relatively long utility supply outage. In the case of an abnormal utility supply,
suitable UPS management software can also enable a system administrator to monitor all concerned
networks from a central point and identify bottlenecks at an early stage.
However, in spite of extensive system monitoring, serious damage can still occur if an administrator fails to
intervene in a timely manner. It is important therefore that the installed UPS software will react automatically
in such a case and shut down the supplied system in a safe and controlled manner.
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd considers it important to have a complete solution for its UPS systems,
and offers its customers a number of remote control and monitoring tools to provide optimum protection. The
standard PowerWave 1000 equipment includes management software and user manual. WAVEMON
software, with optional RCCMD server shutdown, is available as optional equipment.
7.2
WAVEMON shutdown and management software
Figure 7.1 WAVEMON Monitoring screen
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
7-1
7: Options
WAVEMON is a software application designed to operate with many of the systems supplied by
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd and features both UPS monitoring and automatic UPS/server shutdown
facilities. It comprises a bespoke software package which is installed on a local PC and communicates with
the UPS via USB or a standard RS232 serial cable of up to 15m in length.
Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd offer suitable monitoring software with SNMP functionality for NetWare,
OS/2, all Windows NT systems on INTEL and ALPHA network platforms.
The main features of WAVEMON are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
On-screen autonomy time/battery time countdown.
On-screen server log-off and shutdown procedure.
Time and date stamp event log.
Extensive logging of all UPS activity and power quality data.
Permits alarm warnings to be monitored remotely via email.
Scheduled UPS service mode and other systems status.
Graphical user interface for Windows-compatible platforms.
Automatic unattended local shutdown.
Special modules for MS-Office software to close and save open documents.
Compatible with all optional modules like UPSDIALER, SNMP adaptors, temperature sensors, etc.
7.2.1 Functional description
WAVEMON is a client/server software application for networks and local workstations. In general, it consists
of two parts: the server module of the UPS management software is UPSMAN which communicates with the
UPS via an RS232/USB interface. Running as a background application, UPSMAN collects and interprets the
messages received from the UPS and places them at the disposal of the client module UPSMON, as well as
any connected SNMP-based instrumentation and control system.
If UPSMAN detects voltage variations or a power failure, it can execute various ‘system event’ routines, by
means of which, for example, the server is switched off or a warning is sent to the connected users. These
‘system event’ routines are a part of the management software and can be configured in accordance with
local application requirements.
The software of your PowerWave 1000 UPS unit can be integrated into a network in two ways:
1.
By the server which is supplied by the UPS itself and has been integrated into the network. In most cases
this server is used as a sub-agent and you only need the WAVEMON software (without an SNMP
adapter). You will also need to establish an RS232/USB connection between the UPS and computer/
server.
2.
In many cases the use of what is referred to as an ‘SNMP adapter’ is to be preferred in order to integrate
the UPS into the network. In this case up to 50 computers can be shut down in one RCCMD
environment. RCCMD (remote console command) is an additional software module that is used in order
to execute a command (typically a shutdown command) in a remote system.
7.2.2 Licensing
A licence is issued with every software serial number for use of what is known as the ‘UPS service’ on a
single server in connection with one UPS and an unlimited number of connected WINDOWS workstations.
For operation with two or more servers, a further licence is required for each additional server. In this case it
is of no importance whether the UPS service on these servers is active or whether the server was stopped by
a remote UPS service. The same applies to the use of RCCMD with the ‘remote send/receive’ modules for
‘multi-server shutdown’ under NT, UNIX and other operating systems.
The service programs are generally supplied as single licences. In order to use a single CD-ROM for several
‘multi-server shut-down’ units you must acquire additional licence codes.
7-2
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
7: Options
7.3
SNMP adapters
1
AC OUTPUT
AC INPUT
G
INTERFACE
External SNMP card
DC 36V
2
EPO
INPUT
BREAKER
Internal SNMP card
fitted in expansion slot.
Figure 7.2 SNMP Adapters
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a world-wide, standardised communication protocol that
can be used to monitor any network-connected device via a simple control language, and display the results
in a browser-based application.
The UPS management software can make your UPS data available in this SNMP format thanks to the
software agent built in to the SNMP adapter. Uninterruptible Power Supplies Ltd offer software with SNMP
functionality for Novell, OS/2, and Windows that run both on INTEL and on ALPHA, DEC VMS and Apple.
Two models of SNMP adapters are available for use with the PowerWave 1000, both of which share the
same functionality. An internal SNMP card can be fitted into the communications card expansion slot located
on the UPS rear panel and communicates with the UPS via a serial interface. An optional external SNMP
adapter can be used, located remotely and connected to the UPS via its RS232 port.
The SNMP adapter can be configured via Telnet, http (browser) or serial connection. For normal operation, at
least one Ethernet network connection is necessary. Further details are provided in the manual that is
supplied on the WAVEMON installation CD.
RCCMD
RCCMD (Remote Console Command Module) for ‘multi-server shutdown’, is an independent software
module intended for transmitting and receiving ‘remote commands’. The new version RCCMD2 is, similar to
WAVEMON, available for the most widespread operating systems. Using the ‘RCCMD send’ function, the
SNMP adapter can send status messages to connected users or initiate automatic shutdown throughout the
whole network. Our SNMP adapters are fully compatible with RCCMD.
7.4
AS400 (dry contact) card
The DCE dry contact card provides volt-free
outputs that can be used for the automatic and
orderly shutdown of servers (AS400) or used as
control inputs to building management systems.
The signal descriptions of the 10 pins of the dry
contact card are shown below. Note that all pins
except Pins 9 and 10 (which are isolated) are
link-selectable to be either short-circuited or
open-circuited to the common Pin 8 when the
monitored parameter is ‘active’.
Figure 7.3 DCE Dry contact card
The pin assignment of the 10-pin terminals are:
1
UPS on bypass mode
6
Battery weak or faulty
2
Utility input abnormal
7
UPS fault Alarm
3
Utility input normal
8
Common
4
Inverter On
9
Shutdown UPS positive (+) signal
5
Battery Low
10
Shutdown UPS negative (-) signal
To shut down the UPS, you must connect a DC voltage of 5.5V~25V between pin 9 (+) and pin 10 (-).
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
7-3
7: Options
7.5
USE (USB) card
This card can be installed in the Option
Slot located on the rear of the UPS to
facilitate an alternative USB interface.
The USB configuration detail is described
in paragraph 2.4.1.
Figure 7.4 USB Option card
7.6
R2E (second RS-232) card
This card can be installed in the Option
Slot located on the rear of the UPS to
facilitate an alternative RS-232 interface.
The RS-232 configuration detail is
described in paragraph 2.4.1.
Figure 7.5 RS232 Option card
7-4
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
8
Specifications
1 kVA
2 kVA
Apparent output power
Model Rating
VA
1000
2000
3000
Real output power
W
800
1600
2400
Autonomy time (standard battery)
min.
6 Minutes
Power factor
0.8
Topology
Switching time Inverter-Bypass (typical)
3 kVA
Double conversion online VFI-SS-111
ms
2.5
0.0
Form factor
0.0
19"-Rack / Tower
Input :
Nominal voltage
VAC
Nominal current (max.)
A
Frequency
Hz
Single phase, 120 - 288 VAC (@33%)
Single phase, 140 - 288 VAC (@66%)
Single phase, 160 - 288 VAC (@100%)
3.8
8.0
11.5
50/60 Hz, ± 5 Hz on battery (unless synchronised to line)
Power factor
0.99 at full rated linear load
Output :
Voltage
VAC
Single phase, 230 VAC, selectable at 200/208/220/230/240 VAC
2 programmable outputs (setting via software)
Voltage regulation
%
Current (max.)
A
4.35
Frequency
Hz
50/60 Hz autoselect, ±0.1 % Unless synchronised to line
Synchronisation window
Hz
±3 Hz or ±1 Hz (setting via software)
Voltage distortion (THD)
%
≤ 3% (linear load), ≤ 7% (non linear load)
Overload capability (AC Mode)
%
Overload capability (On Battery Mode)
%
Short circuit handling
±1 (until low battery warning)
8.7
Up to 105% Load = normal operation,
from 106%...120% Load = switching to bypass after 30 Sec.
from 121%...150% Load = switching to bypass after 10 Sec
from 151 % Load = switching to bypass immediately
>150% = immediate UPS shutdown
In normal mode: output breaker / electronic fuse
In battery mode: output breaker / electronic fuse
In bypass mode: Input Fuse
Overtemperature (AC Mode)
Switch to bypass
Overtemperature (On Battery Mode)
Immediate UPS shutdown
Crest factor
Heat dissipation (approx)
13.04
3:1
W
150
275
415
Mains operation (100/75/50/25% Load)
%
85/82/82/80%
85/82/82/80%
88/85/85/83%
Battery mode (100/75/50/25% Load)
%
83/80/80/78%
83/80/80/78%
85/82/82/80%
Efficiency :
Environment:
Temperature (°C)
°C
Altitude
Operating: 0-40 / Storage: 0-45
0-2000m up to 40°C / 3000m up to 35°C
Humidity
Sound level
0%...90%, non-condensing
dBA
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013
50 dBA
8-1
8: Specifications
Model Rating
1 kVA
2 kVA
3 kVA
VRLA, leak-proof
(lead-acid), hot
swappable, 3 x 12V/
7.2Ah (intern)
VRLA, leak-proof
(lead-acid), hot
swappable, 6 x 12V/
7.2Ah (intern)
VRLA, leak-proof
(lead-acid), hot
swappable, 6 x 12V/
9.0Ah (intern)
A
1.8 A max. / 4 hours up
to 90% Load
2.16 A max. / 4 hours
up to 90% Load
2.7 A max. / 4 hours up
to 90% Load
VDC
41 ± 0.5
82 ± 0.5
82 ± 0.5
Batteries :
Type / Quantity
Charge rate / Charging time
Charging voltage
Discharging current (with UPS and Mains OFF)
uA
Life cycle (typical)
< 30uA ± 10 uA
Up to 5 years, at max. 20°C ambient temperature
Communications :
Interfaces
1 x RS-232, 1 x USB, optional : SNMP-Card, Modbus-Card, Relay-Card
Mechanical Data :
Dimensions (HxWxD)
Weight
Power connectors
Other connectors
mm
kg
88 x 440 x 405
2U x 19" x 405 mm
88 x 440 x 650
2U x 19" x 650 mm
88 x 440 x 650
2U x 19" x 650 mm
19
30
33
Input: 1 x IEC-C14,
Output: 6 x IEC-C13
Input: 1 x IEC-C14,
Output: 6 x IEC-C13
Input: 1 x IEC-C20,
Output: 4 x IEC-C13
1 x IEC-19
1 x USB, 1 x RS232, 1 x 2-pole EPO-Connector 1 x Interface Slot
Options :
Accessories
External bypass
External battery module
Output distribution
19"- pull out rack rails (up to 1 Meter)
Compatibility :
Operating systems
Windows, Unix (and derivatives), OS/2, Novell, AppleOS
Audible Alarms :
Battery mode
Will sound every 1.5 Seconds
Battery low
Resounds every 0.2 Seconds
Overload
General error
Resounds every 3 Seconds
Will sound permanently (or every 3 Seconds)
Standards :
Safety
EMV-Compatibility
Performance features
Product certification
Protection Class
Manufacturing standards
8-2
EN 62040-1-1, IEC 60950-1
EN 62040-2, EN 61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, FCC-A
IEC/EN 62040-3
CE, FCC (additional versions on request)
IP 20
ISO 9001.2000
UPS724-01-00 PowerWave 1000 (1-3kVA) User Manual - Dated 26 June 2013