Baofeng UV-5R
The (Chinese) Radio
Documentation Project
http://radiodoc.github.com/
Lennart Lidberg
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Baofeng UV-5R: The (Chinese) Radio Documentation
Project: http://radiodoc.github.com/
by Lennart Lidberg
Copyright © 2012 Lennart Lidberg
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injury, direct, indirect or otherwise caused as a result of following the instructions and procedures herein.
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Baofeng UV-5R
Baofeng UV-5R
Table of Contents
Preface .................................................................................................... vii
I. Getting started ......................................................................................... 1
1. Initial setup .................................................................................... 3
What's in the box ........................................................................ 3
Assembly .................................................................................. 3
Antenna ............................................................................ 3
Belt clip ............................................................................ 3
Battery .............................................................................. 4
Charging and battery maintenance .................................................. 4
Charging ........................................................................... 4
Battery Maintenance ............................................................ 5
2. Getting to know your radio ............................................................... 7
The main display ........................................................................ 8
Battery Level Indicator ........................................................ 9
Status LED ................................................................................ 9
Side key 1 - CALL (Broadcast FM and Alarm) ................................ 9
Side key 2 - MONI (Monitor and Flashlight) .................................... 9
VFO / MR -mode key .................................................................. 9
A / B select key .......................................................................... 9
Band key ................................................................................. 10
Numeric keypad ........................................................................ 10
Pound key ........................................................................ 10
Star key ........................................................................... 11
Menu and function keys ..................................................... 11
Accessory jack .......................................................................... 11
3. Basic Use ..................................................................................... 13
Power and volume ..................................................................... 13
Turning the unit on ........................................................... 13
Turning the unit off ........................................................... 13
Adjusting the volume ......................................................... 13
Making a call ........................................................................... 14
Channel selection ...................................................................... 14
Frequency (VFO) mode ...................................................... 14
Channel (MR) mode .......................................................... 15
II. Advanced topics ................................................................................... 17
4. Working the menu system ............................................................... 19
Basic use ................................................................................. 19
Using short-cuts ........................................................................ 19
5. Scanning ...................................................................................... 21
Scanning modes ........................................................................ 21
Time operation ................................................................. 21
Carrier operation ............................................................... 21
Search operation ............................................................... 21
Tone Scanning .......................................................................... 22
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6. Dual Watch ..................................................................................
7. DTMF .........................................................................................
8. Selective calling ............................................................................
CTCSS ....................................................................................
DCS ........................................................................................
1750Hz Tone-burst ....................................................................
9. Customization ...............................................................................
Display ....................................................................................
Power-on message .....................................................................
10. Programming ..............................................................................
Manual programming .................................................................
Simplex channels ..............................................................
Duplex channels ................................................................
Computer programming ..............................................................
Attaching the programming cable .........................................
Baofeng software ..............................................................
Radio to radio cloning ...............................................................
III. How-to and setup guides. ......................................................................
11. Repeaters ....................................................................................
12. Automatic Number Identification ....................................................
13. Application Specific Setup .............................................................
Commercial Radio Setup ............................................................
Amateur Radio Setup .................................................................
MilSim: Airsoft and Paintball ......................................................
A. Troubleshooting ....................................................................................
B. Menu definitions ...................................................................................
0 SQL - Squelch Level ......................................................................
1 STEP - Frequency Step ...................................................................
2 TXP - Transmit Power ....................................................................
3 SAVE - Battery Save ......................................................................
4 VOX - Voice Operated TX ..............................................................
5 WN - Wideband / Narrowband ..........................................................
6 ABR - Display Illumination Time ......................................................
7 TDR - Dual Watch .........................................................................
8 BEEP - Keypad Beep ......................................................................
9 TOT - Transmission Time-out-Timer .................................................
10 R-DCS - Receiver DCS .................................................................
11 R-CTCS - Receiver CTCSS ............................................................
12 T-DCS - Transmitter DCS ..............................................................
13 T-CTCS - Transmitter CTCSS ........................................................
14 VOICE - Voice Prompt .................................................................
15 ANI-ID - Automatic Number ID ......................................................
16 DTMFST - DTMF tone of transmit code ...........................................
17 S-CODE - Signal Code ..................................................................
18 SC-REV - Scanner Resume Method .................................................
19 PTT-ID - When to send the PTT-ID .................................................
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Baofeng UV-5R
Baofeng UV-5R
20 PTT-LT - Signal code sending delay. ...............................................
21 MDF-A - Channel Mode A Display .................................................
22 MDF-B - Channel Mode B Display ..................................................
23 BCL - Busy Channel Lock-out ........................................................
24 AUTOLK - Automatic Keypad Lock ................................................
25 SFT-D - Frequency Shift Direction ..................................................
26 OFFSET - Frequency shift amount ...................................................
27 MEM-CH - Store a Memory Channel ...............................................
28 DEL-CH - Delete a memory channel ................................................
29 WT-LED - Display back-light colour, Standby ...................................
30 RX-LED - Display back-light colour, Receive ....................................
31 TX-LED - Display back-light colour, Transmit ...................................
32 AL-MOD - Alarm Mode ................................................................
33 BAND - Band Selection .................................................................
34 TDR-AB - Transmit selection while in Dual Watch mode .....................
35 STE - Squelch Tail Elimination .......................................................
36 RP-STE - Squelch Tail Elimination through a repeater .........................
37 RPT-RL - Delay the squelch tail of repeater .......................................
38 PONMGS - Power On Message ......................................................
39 ROGER - Roger Beep ...................................................................
40 RESET - Restore defaults ...............................................................
C. Technical specifications .........................................................................
General ...........................................................................................
Transmitter .......................................................................................
Receiver ..........................................................................................
DCS table ........................................................................................
CTCSS table ....................................................................................
Baofeng UV-5R
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Baofeng UV-5R
Baofeng UV-5R
Preface
Lennart Lidberg
November 10th, 2012.
Please excuse the crudity of this model. I didn't have time to build it
to scale or paint it.
—Dr. Emmet Brown
This manual started out as a bit of a joke between friends, saying that "Someone should
write a better manual!". As it turns out, that someone turned out to be I.
Never having written any real documentation before (aside from short how-to documents
online), I turned to the masters of documentation themselves for inspiration; O'Reilly
Media and the Safari books. After reading around on their website I stumbled upon their
design guideline documents, and in turn stumbled onto DocBook [http://docbook.org/]
- an entire format designed for writing documentation - perfect.
As a result this manual is a bit rough around the edges. A learning exercise using essentially defaults from the DocBookXSL stylesheet collection. However, despite not having
the polish of a professional publication, the content should be the best it can be.
Many thanks to all of those who donated to make this possible. Also big thanks to
O'Reilly Media for their inspiration and wonderful documentation.
Regarding CHIRP and the upcoming revised edition
Originally I intended to include a whole section in the programming chapter dedicated
to the free and open source programming tool CHRIP [http://chirp.danplanet.com/], but
unfortunately I couldn't for the life of me get it playing with my hardware, despite trying
three entirely different setups.
CHIRP will therefore have to wait for the revised edition of the book, which in turn
will have to wait for me to get CHIRP working. Other than the addition of CHIRP and
inclusion of any errata from this edition, the revised edition will include the Glossary
and Index sections that were cut due to time concerns (unfortunately I didn't have the
foresight to index things as I was writing them as I was still learning about how to use
DocBook). There is a high probability that I will further refine the book's layout and
design as well.
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viii
Preface
Baofeng UV-5R
Part I. Getting started
Part one covers the basic setup and use of your hand-held two-way transceiver.
Chapter 1, Initial setup
Chapter 2, Getting to know your radio
Chapter 3, Basic Use
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2
Getting started
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 1. Initial setup
What's in the box
This transceiver comes shipped with the following items in the box:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Radio body
Lithium-Ion battery pack
Antenna
Desk charger (With accompanying wall-wart)
Optional belt clip
Optional wrist-strap
Items included may vary depending on country of purchase. For further information
please contact your local vendor or dealer.
Assembly
Before the radio is ready for use we need to attach the antenna and battery pack, as well
as charge the battery.
Antenna
This transceiver is fitted with a Male SMA connector. To mount your antenna (Female
SMA connector), align the two connectors and turn clockwise until it stops.
• Do not over-tighten your antenna to avoid damage to the connectors.
• When installing the antenna, don't grip it by the top. Grip by the base and turn.
• If you use an external antenna, make sure the SWR is about 1.5:1 or lower to
avoid damage to the transceiver.
• Do not hold the antenna with your hand or wrap the outside of it to avoid bad
operation of the transceiver.
• Never transmit without an antenna.
Belt clip
At the back of the radio there are two parallel screws mounted above the battery, remove
these and thread them through the holes on the belt clip as you screw them back into
the radio body.
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Do not use any form of glue to fix the screws on the battery clip. The solvents in
the glue may cause damage to the battery casing.
Battery
Before attaching or removing the battery make sure your radio is turned off by turning
the power/volume knob all the way counter-clockwise.
Installation
Make sure the battery is aligned in parallel with the radio body with the lower edge of
the battery about 1-2cm below the edge of the radio.
Once aligned with the guide-rails, slide the battery upward until you hear a click as the
battery locks in place.
Removal
To remove the battery, press the battery release above the battery pack (see Figure 2.1,
“Baofeng UV-5R, overview”), as you slide the battery downward.
Charging and battery maintenance
For optimum battery efficiency, cycle the battery at least three times before regular
use.
A cycle consists of fully charging the battery (about five hours charge time with a
standard battery) and then fully depleting it before charging it again.
Charging
Follow these steps to hook up and use the charger:
4
1.
Plug the DC connector of the power adaptor into the charger base.
2.
Plug the AC connector of the power adaptor into a mains wall socket.
3.
Place the radio in the charging slot on the charger.
4.
Make sure the radio is making contact with the charger. When the the red LED
comes on steady, your radio is charging.
5.
The radio is fully charged once the charger's green status LED goes steady. Please
remove the radio at that time to avoid over-charging your battery.
Initial setup
Charging and battery maintenance
Baofeng UV-5R
Table 1.1. Charger LED codes
Red LED
Green LED
Status
flashing
steady
Standby (charger empty)
Error (charger with radio)
steady
off
Charging
off
steady
Charge complete.
The charger and battery are fitted with matching notches so that you can charge
your battery on its own! Practical if you have two batteries. That way you can
charge one battery while still using your radio.
Battery Maintenance
The battery for your radio comes uncharged from the factory, please let it charge for at
least four to five hours before you start using your radio.
• Use only batteries approved by the original manufacturer.
• Never attempt to disassemble your battery pack.
• Do not expose your batteries to fire or intense heat.
• Dispose of batteries in accordance with local recycling regulations. Batteries do
not belong in your trash can!
Prolonging the life of your battery
• Only charge batteries in normal room temperatures.
• When charging a battery attached to the radio, turn the radio off for a faster charge.
• Do not unplug the power to the charger or remove the battery and/or radio before it's
finished charging.
• Never charge a wet battery.
• Batteries wear out over time. If you notice a considerably shorter operating time with
your radio, please consider purchasing a new battery.
• Battery performance will be reduced in temperatures below freezing. When working
in cold environments, keep a spare battery on you. Preferably inside your jacket or in
a similar location in order to keep the battery warm.
• Dust can interfere with the contacts on the battery. If necessary wipe the contacts with
a clean cloth to ensure proper contact with radio and charger.
Chapter 1. Initial setup
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If your battery has become wet, remove it from the radio, wipe it dry with a towel
and put it in a plastic bag with a handful of dry rice. Tie the bag up and let it sit
over night. The rice will absorb any remaining moisture in the battery.
This method is only effective against minor splashes (light rain for instance). A
soaked radio may very well be beyond repair.
Storage
Fully charge your battery before long time storage in order to prevent damage from overdischarge.
To avoid severe capacity degradation of your battery while in long time storage, please
cycle the battery at least every six(6) months.
Store your batteries in a cool and dry place, never above normal room temperatures.
6
Initial setup
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 2. Getting to know your
radio
Figure 2.1. Baofeng UV-5R, overview
1. Antenna, see the section called “Assembly” for details.
2. Power / Volume knob, usage discussed in the section called “Power and volume”.
3. Two-line LCD
4. Call key
5. PTT key, usage discussed in the section called “Making a call”.
6. Monitor key
7. Keypad
8. Speaker and microphone
9. Accessory jack
10.VFO/MR mode key
11.Status LED
12.A / B select key
13.Band select key
14.Battery pack, see the section called “Charging and battery maintenance” for details.
15.Battery contacts
16.Battery release latch
17.Lanyard loop
18.LED flashlight, (not marked) situated between antenna and power/volume knob. See
the section called “Side key 2 - MONI (Monitor and Flashlight)” for more information.
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The main display
Figure 2.2. Baofeng UV-5R, display
The transceiver is fitted with a seven character by two line dot-matrix alphanumeric
LCD, with auxiliary icons for miscellaneous features.
Table 2.1. LCD icon summary
Icon
Description
188
Memory channel
25, 75
Least significant modifiers.
CT
CTCSS enabled
DCS
DCS enabled
+, -
Frequency shift direction if enabled
S
Dual watch enabled
VOX
VOX enabled
R
Reverse function enabled
N
Narrowband enabled
Battery level indicator
Keypad lock enabled
L
Transmit power set to Low
Indicates active band or channel
Signal Strength Meter
Unmentioned icons seems to not be implemented in this model of radio.
Even though it is a seven character by two line display, channel memories are only
configurable to six character names.
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Getting to know your radio
Status LED
Baofeng UV-5R
Battery Level Indicator
When the battery level indicator reads
the battery is depleated. At this point the radio
will start beeping periodically as well as flash the backlight of the display, indicating
that you need to change your battery or put your radio in the charger.
Status LED
The status LED has a very simple and traditional design. When you receive a signal it
turns green, when you transmit it turns red, and it's off in standby.
Side key 1 - CALL (Broadcast FM and
Alarm)
Press
momentarily to start the broadcast FM receiver. Another momentary press
turns the broadcast FM receiver off.
Press and hold
to activate the alarm function. Press
again to turn it off.
Side key 2 - MONI (Monitor and Flashlight)
Press
momentarily to turn on the LED flashlight. Another momentary press turns
the flashlight off.
Press and hold
to monitor the signal. This will open up the squelch so you can listen
to the unfiltered signal.
VFO / MR -mode key
Pressing
switches between Frequency (VFO) Mode and Memory (MR) mode.
Memory mode is sometimes also referred to as Channel mode.
To save frequencies to channel memory you must be in Frequency (VFO) mode.
A / B select key
The
key switches between A (upper) and B (lower) displays. The frequency or
channel on the selected display becomes the active listening and transmit frequency or
channel.
Chapter 2. Getting to know your radio
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To save frequencies to channel memory you must be on the A display.
Band key
The
key switches between VHF and UHF bands when in Frequency (VFO) mode.
When listening to broadcast FM, the
MHz bands.
key switches between 65-75 MHz and 76-108
Numeric keypad
The Baofeng UV-5R hand-held transceiver comes standard with a full numeric keypad.
Figure 2.3. Baofeng UV-5R, keypad
The numeric keys have their secondary function printed on them (in reality it's rather
menu short-cuts, more on that in Chapter 4, Working the menu system).
The
and
keys on the other hand have actual secondary functions, scan and
keypad lock respectively.
Pound key
In channel mode,
also acts as a transmit power short key. While in channel mode,
momentarily press
to change between High and Low transmit power. Do note that
this is does not alter the transmit power stored to memory for that channel, it only affects
the current session. Switching to another channel or another operating mode (including
broadcast FM) will reset transmit power to what's stored in channel memory.
Keypad Lock
The Baofeng UV-5R features a keypad lock that locks out all keys except for the three
side keys.
To enable or disable the keypad lock, press and hold the
key for about two seconds.
You can also enable so that the radio automatically locks the keypad after ten seconds
from the menu, see Chapter 4, Working the menu system and ??? in Appendix B, Menu
definitions for details.
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Getting to know your radio
Accessory jack
Baofeng UV-5R
Star key
A short momentary press of the key enables the reverse function (see Chapter 11, Repeaters).
When listening to broadcast FM a momentary press will start the scanning. Scanning
in broadcast FM will stop as soon as an active station is found, regardless of scanner
resume method.
To enable the scanner, press and hold the
Scanning for details.
key for about two seconds. See Chapter 5,
Menu and function keys
The
key, used to enter the menu and confirm menu options.
The
and
keys are used to navigate through the menu as well as select channels
and step up or down in frequency (depending on operating mode).
The
key is used to exit menus and cancel menu options.
For a more in-depth explanation on how to work the menu see Chapter 4, Working the
menu system.
Accessory jack
The accessory jack on the Baofeng UV-5R is a Kenwood compatible two(2)-pin design.
Figure 2.4. Typical 2 pin Kenwood headset configuration.
The Kenwood 2-pin connector has one 3.5mm TRS plug, and one 2.5mm TS plug,
spaced 12mm apart.
Chapter 2. Getting to know your radio
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To attach accessories such as headsets, speaker-mics or programming cables, align the
connecors and push in fully.
The fit isn't always perfect on cheap cables and connectors and may require a bit of force
to wiggle them in completely.
Make sure the radio is off before attaching any accessories.
12
Getting to know your radio
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 3. Basic Use
Power and volume
Before we turn the power on, make sure you have attached the battery and antenna as
described in Chapter 1, Initial setup.
Turning the unit on
To turn the unit on, simply rotate the volume/power knob clockwise until you hear a
"click". If your radio powers on correctly there should be an audible double beep and
the display and backlight should turn on, looking something like this:
Figure 3.1. First power-on, display
You can get additional information about your radio when you turn it on by holding
down miscellaneous keys as you turn it on.
Holding down the
firmware version.
key while turning on the radio provides you with the
Holding down the
key while turning on the radio provides you with what is
most likely a control or manufacturing date and a hardware revision number. (It
should be noted that this is not confirmed and pure speculation from the community.)
Turning the unit off
Turn the volume/power knob counter-clock wise all the way until you hear a "click".
The unit is now off.
Adjusting the volume
To turn up the volume, turn the volume/power knob clock-wise.
To turn the volume down, turn the volume/power knob counter-clock-wise. Be careful
not to turn it too far, as you may inadvertently turn your radio off.
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By using the monitor function, enabled from the
key below the PTT, you can
more easily adjust your volume by adjusting it to the un-squelched static.
Making a call
Press and hold the PTT button on the side of the radio body to transmit. While transmitting, speak approximately 3-5cm from the microphone. When you release the PTT your
transceiver will go back to receive mode.
Channel selection
There are two modes of operation. Frequency (VFO) mode, and Channel or Memory
(MR) mode.
For everyday use, Channel (MR) mode is going to be a whole lot more practical than Frequency (VFO) mode. However, Frequency (VFO) mode is very handy for experimentation out in the field. Frequency (VFO) mode is also used for programming channels into
memory. For details on how to program your transceiver see Chapter 10, Programming.
Ultimately which mode you end up using will depend entirely on your use case.
Frequency (VFO) mode
In Frequency (VFO) mode you can navigate up and down the band by using the
and
keys. Each press will increment or decrement your frequency according to the
frequency step you've set your transceiver to. For details on how to set the frequency
step on your transceiver see Chapter 4, Working the menu system and the section called
“1 STEP - Frequency Step” in Appendix B, Menu definitions.
You can also input frequencies directly on your numeric keypad with kilohertz accuracy.
However, the radio will floor to the nearest frequency that correspond to your frequency
step. In other words, when you input frequencies with greater than 1kHz resolution (such
as 145.6875 MHz in the example below), always round your input up.
The following example assumes the use of a 12.5kHz frequency step.
Example 3.1. Entering the frequency 145.6875 MHz on display A
14
1.
Use the
2.
Press
3.
Press the
key until you get to VHF. The display should read somewhere between 136 and 174 MHz.
key to switch to Frequency (VFO) mode
until the
appears next to the upper display (display A).
Basic Use
Channel selection
4.
Enter
Baofeng UV-5R
on the numeric keypad, it should look something like this:
Figure 3.2. Half-entered frequency input.
5.
Now, for the final four digits. Note that you can only enter three decimals on the
keypad, if you type 687 it wont work. So how do you get the fourth and final digit
5 in there? By rounding 145.6875 up to 145.6880 MHz.
Enter
on the numeric keypad, if all went well the display should look
something like this:
Figure 3.3. Successful frequency input
Just because you can program in a channel does not mean you're automatically
authorized to use that frequency.
Transmitting on frequencies you're not authorized to operate on is illegal, and in
most jurisdictions a serious offence. If you get caught transmitting without a license
you can and will get fined, and in worst case sent to jail.
However, it is legal in most jurisdictions to listen. Contact your local regulatory
body for further information on what laws, rules and regulations apply to your area.
Channel (MR) mode
The use of Channel (MR) mode is dependent on actually having programmed in some
channels to use. To find out more on how to program channels see Chapter 10, Programming.
Once you have channels programmed and ready, you can use the
navigate between channels.
and
keys to
If you have channels programmed with Transmit power set to Low, you can use
the
key to momentarily switch over to high power if you're having trouble
getting through.
Chapter 3. Basic Use
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16
Basic Use
Baofeng UV-5R
Part II. Advanced topics
Part two covers the more advanced topics, such as setup of repeater offset and programming via
computer link.
Chapter 4, Working the menu system
Chapter 5, Scanning
Chapter 6, Dual Watch
Chapter 7, DTMF
Chapter 8, Selective calling
Chapter 9, Customization
Chapter 10, Programming
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18
Advanced topics
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 4. Working the menu
system
For a complete reference on available menu items and parameters, see Appendix B,
Menu definitions.
If your radio is set to Memory (MR) mode, the following menu items will not take
any effect:
STEP, TXP, W/N, CTCSS, DCS, S-CODE, PTT-ID, BCL, SFT-D, OFFSET,
MEM-CH, BAND
Basic use
Procedure 4.1. Using the menu with arrow keys
1.
Press the
2.
Use the
3.
Once you find the desired menu item, press
4.
Use the
5.
When you've selected the parameter you want to set for a given menu item;
6.
key to enter the menu.
and
and
keys to navigate between menu items.
again to select that menu item.
keys to select the desired parameter.
a.
To confirm your selection, press
you back to the main menu.
b.
To cancel your changes, press
you out of the menu entirely.
and it will save your setting and bring
and it will reset that menu item and bring
To exit out of the menu at any time, press the
key.
Using short-cuts
As you may have noticed if you looked at Appendix B, Menu definitions, every menu
item has a numerical value associated with it. These numbers can be used for direct
access of any given menu item.
The menu is also organized in such a way that the ten most common functions are on
top, and as can be seen in Figure 2.3, “Baofeng UV-5R, keypad”, these are also printed
on the keypad so you don't have to remember them all.
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The parameters also have a number associated with them, see Appendix B, Menu definitions for details.
Procedure 4.2. Using the menu with short-cuts
1.
Press the
2.
Use the numerical keypad to enter the number of the menu item.
3.
To enter the menu item, press the
4.
For entering the desired parameter you have two options:
a.
key to enter the menu.
key.
Use the arrow keys as we did in the previous section;
or
b.
5.
6.
Use the numerical keypad to enter the numerical short-cut code.
And just as in the previous section;
a.
To confirm your selection, press
you back to the main menu.
b.
To cancel your changes, press
you out of the menu entirely.
and it will save your setting and bring
and it will reset that menu item and bring
To exit out of the menu at any time, press the
key.
All further examples and procedures in this manual will use the numerical menu shortcuts.
20
Working the menu system
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 5. Scanning
The Baofeng UV-5R features a built in scanner for the VHF and UHF bands. When in
Frequency (VFO) mode it will scan in steps according to your set frequency step. In
Channel (MR) mode it will scan your channels. At approximately three frequencies per
second, it's not the fastest scanner in the world, but it is nonetheless a useful feature to
have at times.
To enable the scanner, press and hold the
key for about two seconds.
Press any key to exit scanning mode.
Scanning modes
The scanner is configurable to one of three ways of operation: Time, carrier or search,
each of which are explained in further details in their respective section below.
Procedure 5.1. Setting scanner mode
1.
Press the
2.
Enter
3.
Press the
4.
Use the
5.
Press the
key to confirm and save.
6.
Press the
key to exit the menu.
key to enter the menu.
on your numeric keypad to come to scanner mode.
key to select.
and
keys to select scanning mode.
Time operation
In Time Operation (TO) mode, the scanner stops when it detects a signal, and after a pre
set time out time of inactivity, it resumes scanning.
Carrier operation
In Carrier Operation (CO) mode, the scanner stops when it detects a signal, and as soon
as the signal goes away it resumes scanning.
Search operation
In Search Operation (SE) mode, the scanner stops when it detects a signal.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
To resume scanning you must press and hold the
key again.
Tone Scanning
In frequency mode you can scan for CTCSS tones and DCS codes on active frequencies.
To scan for CTCSS or DCS on active channels, follow these steps:
Procedure 5.2. Tone scanning
1.
Press the
2.
Enter one of the following on the numeric keypad:
key to enter the menu.
a.
to scan for DCS codes, or
b.
to scan for CTCSS sub-tones.
3.
Press the
key to select.
4.
Press the
key momentarily, CT or DCS will start flashing in the display as
the radio starts scanning. Once it finds a tone or code in use, it will beep and stop
flashing, indicating that a tone or code has been found.
5.
Press the
key to confirm.
6.
Press the
key to exit the menu system
If you wish to communicate with a party after finding out what CTCSS or DCS settings
they're transmitting with, configure your transmit CTCSS or DCS according with what
the scanner set for your receive CTCSS or DCS. For details see Chapter 8, Selective
calling.
22
Scanning
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 6. Dual Watch
In certain situations, the ability to monitor two channels at once can be a valuable asset.
This can be achieved in one of two ways. You can either have one receiver in your radio
and flip-flop between two frequencies at a fixed interval (known as Dual Watch), or you
can equip a radio with two receivers (known as Dual Receive or Dual VFO). The former
method is cheaper to implement and far more common than the latter.
The Baofeng UV-5R features Dual Watch functionality (single receiver) with the ability
to lock the transmit frequency to one of the two channels it monitors.
Certain functions are not available while in dual watch mode:
• You cannot use the reverse function.
• You cannot use the
key to switch between high and low transmit power in
channel mode.
• You cannot save duplex channels.
Procedure 6.1. Enabling or disabling Dual Watch mode
1.
Press the
2.
Enter
on the numeric keypad to get to Dual Watch.
3.
Press
to select.
4.
Use the
5.
Press the
key to confirm.
6.
Press the
key to exit the menu.
key to enter the menu.
and
keys to enable or disable.
Due to the way the Baofeng UV-5R is constructed, whenever one of the A and B channels
goes active, it will default to transmit on that channel. This behaviour can be highly
inconvenient, especially if you're listening to a frequency you're not allowed to transmit
on. Luckily there is a menu option available to lock the transmitter to one of the A and
B channels.
Procedure 6.2. Locking the Dual Watch transmit channel
1.
Press the
2.
Enter
3.
Press
4.
Use the
key to enter the menu.
on the numeric keypad to get to TDR-AB.
to select.
and
keys to select A (upper) or B (lower) displays.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
5.
Press the
key to confirm.
6.
Press the
key to exit the menu.
If you want to momentarily override the lock without having to setting the menu
option to OFF, you can do so by pressing the
key an instant before pressing
the PTT.
Another option for overriding the lock momentarily, is to program in the reverse of
Channel (MR) mode into Frequency (VFO) mode and using the
key to swap
between primary and secondary channels.
24
Dual Watch
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 7. DTMF
DTMF is an in-band signalling method using dual sinusoidal signals for any given code.
Originally developed for telephony systems, it has proved a very versatile tool in many
other areas.
In two-way radio systems, DTMF is most commonly used for automation systems and
remote control. A common example would be in amateur radio repeaters where some
repeaters are activated by sending out a DTMF sequence (usually a simple single-digit
sequence).
Table 7.1. DTMF frequencies and corresponding codes
1209 Hz
1336 Hz
1477 Hz
1633 Hz
697 Hz
1
2
3
A
770 Hz
4
5
6
B
852 Hz
7
8
9
C
941 Hz
*
0
#
D
The Baofeng UV-5R has a full implementation of DTMF, including the A, B, C and D
codes.
The numerical keys, as well as the
, and
, keys correspond to the matching DTMF
codes as you would expect. The A, B, C and D codes are located in the
,
,
and
keys respectively.
To send DTMF codes, press the key(s) corresponding to the message you want to send
while holding down the PTT key.
If you have the keypad lock enabled on your radio, you can still send DTMF tones
the regular way without having to unlock your radio.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
26
DTMF
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 8. Selective calling
Some times when you're working with larger groups of people using the same channel,
things can get very crowded, very fast. To minimize this problem, several methods of
blocking out unwanted transmissions on your frequency has developed. In general, there
are two forms of selective calling in two-way radio systems: Group calling, and individual calling.
Group calling, as the name suggest, is a one-to-many form of communication. Every
radio in your working group is configured the same way and any radio will make contact
with every other radio in the group.
Individual calling, some times also known as paging, is a one-to-one form of communication. Every radio is programmed with a unique ID code. And only by sending out a
matching code can you get that radio to open up to your transmissions.
The Baofeng UV-5R features three different ways of group calling:
• CTCSS
• DCS
• Tone-burst (1750Hz)
The Baofeng UV-5R does not feature any form of individual calling.
Using these features does NOT mean that others won't be able to listen in on your
transmissions.
They only provide a method to filter out unwanted incoming transmissions. Any
communications made while using these features will still be heard by anyone not
employing filtering options of their own.
Also, you cannot change the CTCSS or DCS settings while in memory (MR) mode.
CTCSS and 1750Hz tone-burst are also popular methods among amateur radio operators
to open up repeaters.
CTCSS
CTCSS is set with menus 11 R-CTCS and 13 T-CTCS.
For a complete list of available CTCSS codes and corresponding sub-tone frequencies,
see Table C.2, “CTCSS Frequencies” in Appendix C, Technical specifications.
Procedure 8.1. CTCSS setup how-to
1.
Press the
key to enter the menu.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
2.
Enter
3.
Press
4.
Enter desired CTCSS sub-tone frequency in hertz on the numeric keypad.
5.
Press
6.
Enter
7.
Press
8.
Enter desired CTCSS sub-tone frequency in hertz on the numeric keypad. Make
sure it's the same frequency as that you entered for receiver CTCSS.
9.
Press
10. Press
on the numeric keypad to get to receiver CTCSS.
to select.
to confirm and save.
on the numeric keypad to go to transmitter CTCSS.
to select.
to confirm and save.
to exit the menu system.
To turn CTCSS off, follow the same procedure but set it to off with the
of selecting a CTCSS sub-tone frequency.
key instead
For more information see the section called “11 R-CTCS - Receiver CTCSS” and the
section called “13 T-CTCS - Transmitter CTCSS” in Appendix B, Menu definitions.
DCS
DCS is set with menus 10 R-DCS and 12 T-DCS.
For a complete list of available DCS codes, see Table C.1, “DCS Codes” in Appendix C,
Technical specifications.
Procedure 8.2. DCS setup how-to
28
1.
Press the
2.
Enter
3.
Press
4.
Enter desired DCS code on the numeric keypad.
5.
Press
6.
Enter
7.
Press
key to enter the menu.
on the numeric keypad to get to receiver DCS.
to select.
to confirm and save.
on the numeric keypad to go to transmitter DCS.
to select.
Selective calling
1750Hz Tone-burst
Baofeng UV-5R
8.
Enter desired DCS code on the numeric keypad. Make sure it's the same code as
that you entered for receiver DCS.
9.
Press
to confirm and save.
10. Press
to exit the menu system.
To turn DCS off, follow the same procedure but set it to off with the
of selecting a DCS code.
key instead
For more information see the section called “10 R-DCS - Receiver DCS” and the section
called “12 T-DCS - Transmitter DCS” in Appendix B, Menu definitions.
1750Hz Tone-burst
To send out a 1750Hz tone-burst, press the
key while holding down the PTT.
No further configuration required to use this feature.
If you have the keypad lock enabled on your radio, you can still send a 1750Hz
tone the regular way without having to unlock your radio.
Chapter 8. Selective calling
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
30
Selective calling
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 9. Customization
The Baofeng UV-5R allows for customization of both the power-on message (via computer link only), and the backlight colour during the three states of the transceiver (Transmit, Receive and Standby).
Display
The LCD on the Baofeng UV-5R is backlit by multi-colour LEDs, the colour of which
can be pre-set from the menu system into a variety of colours.
To change the colours, follow these steps:
Procedure 9.1. Changing backlight colour
1.
Press the
2.
Enter one of the following on your numeric keypad:
key to enter the menu.
a.
to change the Standby colour.
b.
to change the receive colour.
c.
to change the transmit colour.
3.
Press
4.
Use the
5.
Press
to confirm and save.
6.
Press
to exit the menu.
key to select.
and
keys to pick the desired colour.
To change the time the backlight stays on for your LCD, follow these steps:
Procedure 9.2. Setting backlight time-out
1.
Press the
2.
Enter
on your numeric keypad to come to backlight time out.
3.
Press
key to select.
4.
Use the
key to enter the menu.
and
keys to pick the desired colour.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
5.
Press
to confirm and save.
6.
Press
to exit the menu.
For details see the section called “29 WT-LED - Display back-light colour, Standby”
and onward in Appendix B, Menu definitions.
Power-on message
The power-on message can only be set via computer link, see the section called “Computer programming” for details on how to set up a link with your computer.
The following instructions assume that you've already established a link using the
Baofeng software from a computer running Windows, and that the Baofeng software is
already installed and running.
Procedure 9.3. Setting the power-on-message
1.
Click other in the menu bar, a dialogue box titled "Other" should have popped up.
2.
In the box titled "Power On Message", there are two text fields representing the two
lines on your LCD. Enter the desired text in the fields.
3.
Click Write to write your changes to the radio.
Even though the software has eight(8) character wide text fields for the power-on
message, be aware that the display on the UV-5R can only display a maximum of
seven(7) characters.
Make sure that menu item 38 is set to MSG, otherwise your message wont be displayed. see Chapter 4, Working the menu system for details on how to navigate the
menu.
Some times it takes the Baofeng software more than one try to connect to your
radio. If you see a dialogue box popping up stating that you have a connection
failure, close the dialogue box and click read or write again.
32
Customization
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 10. Programming
Memory channels are an easy way to store commonly used frequencies so that they can
easily be retrieved at a later date.
The Baofeng UV-5R features 128 memory channels that each can hold: Receive and
transmit frequencies, transmit power, group signalling information, bandwidth, ANI/
PTT-ID settings and a six character alphanumeric identifier or channel name 1 .
Manual programming
Manual programming is somewhat fiddly until you get used to it, especially when programming in duplex channels. Note that the ANI and S-CODE IDs can only be set from
a computer. When programming channels it is important to remember that you can only
save memory channels when working on the upper display in VFO mode.
To create a new channel, start by switching your radio to Frequency (VFO) mode using
the
key. When in Frequency (VFO) mode, select your desired receive frequency
using the numerical keypad. After that, use the menu system to configure the finer details
of the channel you're wanting to program to memory, such as transmit power, bandwidth,
CTCSS or DCS and more.
For more information on how to use the menu system see Chapter 4, Working the menu
system and Appendix B, Menu definitions. Information regarding how to set up CTCSS
and DCS can be found in Chapter 8, Selective calling.
Simplex channels
The following steps assume that you're in Frequency (VFO) mode and that you've entered the desired frequency to store to memory.
1.
Press the
2.
Enter
3.
Press
4.
Use the
and
numerical keypad.
5.
Press the
key to confirm.
6.
Press the
key to exit the menu.
key to enter the menu.
on the numerical keypad to get to MEM-CH.
to select.
keys to select a memory channel, or enter it directly on the
1
ANI/PTT-ID and channel name can only be set from a computer.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Switch to Channel (MR) mode with the
key to test your new channel. If you would
like to name your channel you will need to do that from a computer. More on that in the
section called “Computer programming”.
Duplex channels
The following assumes you've set up a duplex channel in VFO mode on the upper display, as described in Chapter 11, Repeaters, and that you're still in VFO mode.
1.
Save as you would a regular simplex channel, as described in the previous section.
2.
Press the
3.
Save that again to the same memory channel just as in step one(1).
key momentary to get into reverse mode.
Switch to Channel (MR) mode with the
key to test your new channel. If you would
like to name your channel you will need to do that from a computer. More on that in the
section called “Computer programming”.
Computer programming
This section assumes you know where to get a hold of your software and how to install
it, that you've already installed your software and that you know how to find out what
port your programming cable is hooked up to.
Attaching the programming cable
Before attaching the cable, make sure your radio is turned off.
To attach the cable, uncover the accessory port behind the rubber flap on the right side
of the radio body (see Figure 2.1, “Baofeng UV-5R, overview”), align the connectors
and push in firmly.
Attach the USB (or DE9 in the case of standard RS-232) connector to your computer
and start your programming software. You may now turn on your radio.
Baofeng software
Before starting the software, follow the steps in the section called “Attaching the programming cable”.
When you first open up the Baofeng programming software, it may default to Chinese. To change the language to English, go to the second rightmost menu. There
you will find a list of available languages, select English.
When you start the Baofeng programming software you will be greeted by the Channel Information window. This is where you enter the channel information for your
34
Programming
Computer programming
Baofeng UV-5R
memory channels. If the Channel Information window doesn't show automatically, you can bring it up by going to Edit -> Channel Information.
Before we start adding channels, go to Communication to select the port your cable
is attached to. Next go to Program -> Read from radio and click Read to
read in any existing channel information on the radio. This is also a good way to test the
connection of the programming cable. If the read is successful the LED on your radio
will start flashing red indicating that the radio is transmitting data to the computer.
The Baofeng programming software has been known to fail on connect the first
try. If your connection fails, just try to read or write again.
If it continues to fail, check the connection of your cable and that you've configured
your port properly in the programming software.
The Channel Information window in the Baofeng software features a simple
and easy to use spreadsheet style interface. Some columns are obvious, others aren't as
transparent as to what their purpose is. However, in most cases the default values tend
to be the appropriate ones.
Channel Information window, column definitions
Channel
Channel number.
Band
What band, defaults to both VHF and UHF.
RX Frequency
Receive frequency.
TX Frequency
Transmit frequency. Defaults to the receive frequency.
CTCSS/DCS Dec
Receiver CTCSS or DCS. Defaults to OFF.
CTCSS/DCS Enc
Transmitter CTCSS or DCS. Defaults to OFF.
TX Power
Transmit power. Defaults to HIGH.
W/N
Wideband or Narrowband operation. Defaults to W for Wideband.
PTT-ID
Enables and sets position of PTT-ID. Defaults to OFF.
BusyLock
Busy Channel Lock-out. Defaults to OFF.
Scan_Add
Add to scanner list. When enabled the channel is included in scanning mode. Defaults to ON.
SigCode
Signal Code, group ID for the channel. Defaults to 1.
CH-Name
Channel name.
You can in theory edit any field in a row at any time, however the software seems to
work best when you work from left to right.
Chapter 10. Programming
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
To add a new channel, go to the row for the channel number you want to edit (you do
not have to go sequentially, you can skip channel numbers if you so desire) and follow
these steps:
Procedure 10.1. Adding a channel
1.
Select the Band.
2.
Click in the RX Frequency field next to it and enter your receive frequency.
3.
Click on the TX Frequency field, and the rest of the row should fill in automatically with default values (except for CH-Name which will be kept blank).
If you're adding a duplex channel you can go ahead and enter your transmit frequency directly.
4.
After that it's all just a matter of adding all the extra information and features needed
for the channel based on your requirements.
When you're done you can add an optional six character Channel Name in the CHName field.
Repeat for all the channels you want to add.
To delete a channel, simply go to the RX Frequency field of that channel's row,
erase it and click on another field. The row should now erase itself.
When you're done adding and editing channels you will want to write them to the radio.
To write your information to the radio, go to Program -> Write to radio and
click Write. On a successful write sequence the radio will start flashing green indicating
that it is receiving data. When all data blocks have been sent from the computer the radio
will restart itself.
Radio to radio cloning
The Baofeng UV-5R is capable of cloning between radios, meaning if you have one radio
set up just the way you like it (the reference or "master" radio) and want another radio
configured in exactly the same way (the "slave" radio), you just hook a cable between
them and copy the information over.
Procedure 10.2. Cloning radios
1.
36
Attach your cloning cable in much the same way you attach a programming cable,
except for where you put the other end into another radio's accessory port rather
than a computer.
Programming
Radio to radio cloning
Baofeng UV-5R
2.
Turn on the slave radio, (the radio you want to clone to).
3.
Turn on the master radio, (the radio you want to clone from) while holding down
the
key.
The master will show COPING in the display, and if makes a successful connection
to the slave it will start flashing red to indicate it's transmitting data. The slave will
at that same time flash green to indicate it's receiving data.
4.
When LEDs turn off, the radio's will restart and the cloning operation is completed.
Chapter 10. Programming
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
38
Programming
Baofeng UV-5R
Part III. How-to and setup guides.
Part three covers is a collection of how-to documents to help you set up your radio for specific
working environments.
Chapter 11, Repeaters
Chapter 12, Automatic Number Identification
Chapter 13, Application Specific Setup
39
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
40
How-to and setup guides.
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 11. Repeaters
A radio repeater is an automated transceiver in a fixed location. Usually mounted high up
on hill tops or on tall buildings, but sometimes they operate within buildings for internal
use. A repeater takes one signal and relays it, usually after amplifying it by orders of
magnitude. This can be very handy, as this enables you to use a small low powered handheld two-way transceiver such as the Baofeng UV-5R to reach great distances.
Whether you're a commercial (business or government) user or an amateur radio operator, chances are you'll be dealing with a repeater system sooner or later. To find out what
settings to use to use your local repeater, ask your employer or someone at your local
IARU member organization for details.
A common type of repeater, is the duplex repeater. In a duplex repeater system, the
repeater transmits and receives simultaneously, but on different frequencies. To utilize
this type of repeater, your radio have to be capable of transmitting and receiving on
different frequencies on the same memory channel. How you use this kind of repeater is
by setting the receive frequency of your radio to the output frequency of the repeater, and
the transmit frequency of your radio to the input frequency of the repeater. Often times,
the transmit frequency to use isn't explicitly stated, but rather an offset relative your
receive frequency is specified. This is conveniently enough also how the Baofeng UV-5R
natively handles repeater setup, by specifying offset rather than transmit frequency.
The following instructions assume that you know what transmit and receive frequencies
your repeater employs, and that you're authorized to use it.
Procedure 11.1. Repeater setup
1.
Set the radio to Frequency (VFO) mode with the
2.
Enter the repeaters output (your receiving) frequency by either using the
keys, or by entering it directly on the numerical keypad.
3.
Press the
4.
Enter
5.
Press
6.
Use the
and
keys and the numerical keypad to enter the specified frequency offset. See the section called “26 OFFSET - Frequency shift amount” for details.
7.
Press
8.
Enter
key.
and
key to enter the menu.
on the numeric keypad to get to frequency offset.
key to select.
to confirm and save.
on the numeric keypad to get to offset direction.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
9.
Use the
and
10. Press
keys to select + (positive) or - (negative) offset.
to confirm and save.
11. Optional:
a.
Save to memory, see the section called “Manual programming” for details.
b.
Set up CTCSS, see the section called “CTCSS” for details.
12. Press
to exit the menu.
If everything went well, you should be able to make a test call through the repeater. If
you're experiencing problems making a connection to the repeater, check your settings
and/or go through the procedure again.
Certain Amateur Radio repeaters (especially in Europe) use a 1750Hz tone burst to open
up the repeater. To see how this is done with the Baofeng UV-5R, see the section called
“1750Hz Tone-burst”.
If you're still unable to make a connection, contact the person in charge of the radio
system with your employer or your local amateur radio club, as the case may be.
If you for some reason want to listen to the repeater's input frequency instead, press
momentarily and you'll reverse your transmit and receive frequencies (reverse
function not available while in Dual Watch mode).
This is indicated in the LCD on the radio with a R in the top row, next to the + and
- for the offset direction.
42
Repeaters
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 12. Automatic Number
Identification
In dispatch environments it's common to have a system in place that will allow radios to
automatically identify themselves to the dispatcher. This is known as Automatic Number
Identification, or sometimes PTT-ID since the radio sends a data burst containing the ID
code at the beginning or end of a transmission.
The Baofeng UV-5R uses DTMF signalling for it's ANI implementation. For details on
what settings to use and questions regarding system interoperability, contact the dispatch
office with your employer.
Procedure 12.1. Setting ANI code
1.
Attach your radio to your computer with a programming cable and open up the
Baofeng programming software, see the section called “Computer programming”
for details.
2.
In the Edit menu, select DTMF. This will open up a window called DTMF Encode/Decode.
3.
Go to the Program menu, select Read from radio and the Read Data
From Radio window will open.
4.
Click the Read button. The status LED on the radio will flash red indicating it's
transmitting data.
5.
Locate the box named ANI code and enter your personal ID number that you've
been given from your dispatch office into the text field.
If you use group ID codes in addition to, or instead of personal ID codes, you can
enter up to 15 of them in the list to the left in the DTMF Encode/Decode window. These can be assigned on channel by channel basis in the Channel Information, see the section called “Baofeng software” for further details.
6.
Check the Press PTT to Send box if you want to transmit your ID before
you speak, or;
check the Release PTT to Send box if you want to transmit your ID after
you speak.
7.
In the Program menu, select Write to radio and the Write Data to
Radio window will open.
8.
Click the Write button. The status LED on the radio will flash green indicating
it's receiving data.
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Unfortunately Baofeng decided to split up related functions in the programming software, so in order to enable ANI we'll have to open up yet another window and do some
final configuration before the radio is ready for use.
The following assumes that you've still got the programming software running from
earlier.
Procedure 12.2. Setting ANI settings
1.
In the Edit menu, select Optional Features. This will open up a very crowded looking window called Optional Features.
2.
Go to the Program menu, select Read from radio and the Read Data
From Radio window will open.
3.
Click the Read button. The status LED on the radio will flash red indicating it's
transmitting data.
4.
In the lower left corner there's a nameless box with a number of drop-down lists,
including but not limited to DTMF-ST and PTT_ID.
Use the DTMF-ST drop-down list to select whether to send your personal ANI code
(Send ANI DTMF Side Tone), the group code (KB DTMF Side Tone),
or both (DTMFST + Send ANI DTMFST).
5.
Use the PTT-ID drop-down list to select the position of your ANI data burst; BOT
(Beginning of Transmit), EOT (End of Transmit) or BOTH. This is also the option
that turns ANI completely off when set to OFF.
6.
In the Program menu, select Write to radio and the Write Data to
Radio window will open.
7.
Click the Write button. The status LED on the radio will flash green indicating
it's receiving data.
Congratulations, you've successfully set your radio up for ANI. If you're experiencing
any problems, contact the dispatch office with your employer.
44
Automatic Number Identification
Baofeng UV-5R
Chapter 13. Application Specific
Setup
Commercial Radio Setup
PLMR users in the United States are mandated to move to 12.5 kHz narrowband communication in the 150-174 MHz VHF and 421-512MHz UHF bands by January 1, 2013.
Follow these instructions to set your radio to Narrowband mode:
1.
Press the
key to enter frequency mode.
2.
Press the
key to enter the menu.
3.
Enter
on the numerical keypad.
4.
Press
to select.
5.
Use the
6.
Press
to confirm and save
7.
Press
to exit the menu.
and
keys to select between Wide and Narrow("Narr").
You can also switch by holding down the
frequency mode.
key on the numerical keypad while in
If your employer has a dispatch system that requires your radio to identify via ANI,
please see Chapter 12, Automatic Number Identification for detailed instructions on how
to set that up on your radio.
To find out what other channels and features needed, please contact your employer.
Amateur Radio Setup
In contrast with Commercial radio operators, who often need very specific requirements
to be compatible with a very specific radio implementation, Amateur radio operators tend
to need the broadest possible settings in order to be compatible with as many systems
as possible. This basically implies turning all the fancy features that you typically might
need for a commercial setup off.
In a typical Amateur radio setup the following settings would be recommended:
• Set bandwidth to Wide (menu item 5).
45
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
• Turn DCS and CTCSS off (menu items 10 through 13).
• Turn ANI, DTMFST, S-CODE, PTT-ID off and PTT-LT to 0ms (menu items 15
through 17 and 19 through 20).
• Turn off Squelch Tail Elimination (STE) features (menu items 35 through 37).
• Turn roger beep (ROGER) off (menu item 39).
For further information see Appendix B, Menu definitions and Chapter 4, Working the
menu system.
MilSim: Airsoft and Paintball
If you live in the USA, it is highly recommended that you and your team get yourselves
GMRS licenses to use with your radios. At the time of writing the licensing fee is $85
(per person) and the license is valid for five years. There is no exam involved and any
legal resident of the US over the age of 18 can apply for a license with the FCC using
form 605. Please visit http://fcc.gov/ for more information.
The following is a list of recommended GMRS channels suitable for Airsoft games,
Paintball games, or other recreational military simulations:
462.550 MHz (channel 15)
462.575 MHz (channel 16)
462.600 MHz (channel 17)
462.625 MHz (channel 18)
462.725 MHz (channel 22)
Channel numbers reflect a convention used by Motorola, actual mapping of frequency to channel number may vary between manufacturers.
For those not living in the USA, please contact your local regulatory body in charge of
the radio spectrum to see what your options are.
You may be tempted to use FRS (in the USA) or PMR446 (in Europe) frequencies
while playing. Do note however that there are restrictions on both of these bands
that make this transceiver illegal for use.
Not only do you need a radio with a maximum of 500mW output power (the
Baofeng UV-5R provides at minimum twice that), you also aren't allowed to use
a radio with a detachable antenna or a radio that can be used outside of the FRS
or PMR446 bands.
In the US there is one exception to that rule, and that is FRS+GMRS combo units,
however they are still restricted to 500mW output power on the FRS frequencies,
and they still have to be manufactured with a fixed integral antenna.
46
Application Specific Setup
Baofeng UV-5R
Appendix A. Troubleshooting
Symptom
Possible cause
solution
The radio doesn't start.
The battery is too low.
Change or recharge the batThe battery isn't correctly tery.
installed.
Remove the battery and reinstall it.
The battery dies quickly.
The battery is dead.
The battery isn't
charged.
Purchase a new battery.
fully Recharge the battery.
The LED indicates recep- Volume is too low.
tion, but the speaker is CTCSS or DCS enabled.
silent.
Turn up the volume.
Change your CTCSS or
DCS to match those you're
trying to communicate with.
Or turn CTCSS or DCS off.
Others can't hear my trans- Their CTCSS or DCS set- Change your CTCSS or
mission.
tings doesn't match yours. DCS settings to match your
You're too far apart.
peers.
Move in closer.
The radio transmits without The VOX is enabled.
Turn VOX off.
touching the PTT.
VOX sensitivity is too high. Turn down VOX sensitivity.
47
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
48
Troubleshooting
Baofeng UV-5R
Appendix B. Menu definitions
See Chapter 4, Working the menu system for more info about using the menu-system.
0 SQL - Squelch Level
Selects the squelch noise threshold.
Values
Notes
Default value
0-9
3
Setting the squelch to 0 will open up the squelch entirely.
1 STEP - Frequency Step
Selects the step in frequency when using the
the scanner will run at.
Key
Values (kHz)
0
2.5K
1
5.0K
2
6.25K
3
10.0K
4
12.5K
5
25.0K
and
keys. This is also the interval
Notes
Default value
25.0K
This does only affect the radio when in Frequency (VFO) Mode.
2 TXP - Transmit Power
Transmit power is only settable in Frequency(VFO) Mode. In Memory(MR) Mode transmit power will be set to the level programmed in memory for any given channel.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
HIGH
4W
HIGH
1
Low
1W
3 SAVE - Battery Save
Sampling ratio of the Receiver to acknowledge a signal
49
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Values
Notes
Default value
1 - 4
3
OFF
4 VOX - Voice Operated TX
Adjusts the sensitivity of the VOX feature, if enabled.
Values
Notes
Default value
1 - 10
OFF
OFF
The lower the setting, the louder your voice have to be in order to engage the transmitter.
5 WN - Wideband / Narrowband
Sets maximum band deviation.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
WIDE
5kHz
WIDE
1
NARR
2.5kHz
In the USA, FCC part 90 radios are mandated to switch over to Narrowband communication by January 1st 2013. Meaning all commercial users. This does not affect Amateur
Radio operators.
6 ABR - Display Illumination Time
Time-out for the LCD back-light.
Values (seconds)
Notes
Default value
1 - 5
5
OFF
7 TDR - Dual Watch
When enabled it allows you to monitor two frequencies simultaneously.
50
Key
Values
1
ON
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
OFF
Menu definitions
8 BEEP - Keypad Beep
Baofeng UV-5R
It should be noted that this radio does not possess a dual VFO, meaning that the Dual
Watch feature is a time sharing operation. Your radio will flip-flop between A and B
channels at a fixed rate. This will not allow you to receive two frequencies in paralell.
8 BEEP - Keypad Beep
When enabled your radio will emit an audible tone at every key press.
Key
Values
1
ON
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
ON
9 TOT - Transmission Time-out-Timer
Transmission times out after set time. Radio will alert you when your time is up.
Values (seconds)
Notes
Default value
15 - 600
Increments of 15 seconds
60
To use the numeric keypad for input, use the following formula: (T-15)/15 = X,
where T is the time in seconds that you want and X is a two digit code on your keypad.
Example: To get 300 seconds, take (300-15)/15 to get 19
.
10 R-DCS - Receiver DCS
Digital-Coded Squelch(DCS) will block out any signal that isn't sent with a matching
DCS code.
Values
D023N - D754I
Notes
Default value
OFF
OFF
See Table C.1, “DCS Codes” for a complete reference of DCS codes and their corresponding numerical value. Remember to input any leading zeros when using the numerical keypad. To set it to off, enter code 000.
11 R-CTCS - Receiver CTCSS
Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System(CTCSS) will block out any signal that isn't
sent with a matching CTCSS sub-tone.
Appendix B. Menu definitions
51
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Values (Hz)
Notes
Default value
67.0 - 254.1
OFF
OFF
See Table C.2, “CTCSS Frequencies” for a complete reference of CTCSS sub tones. To
enter a CTCSS tone on the numerical keypad, enter its frequency directly rather than the
numerical code. Remember to input any leading zeros when using the numerical keypad.
To set it to off, enter code 000.
12 T-DCS - Transmitter DCS
Sets the Digital-Coded Squelch(DCS) code for the transmitter.
Values
Notes
Default value
D023N - D754I
OFF
OFF
See Table C.1, “DCS Codes” for a complete reference of DCS codes and their corresponding numerical value. Remember to input any leading zeros when using the numerical keypad. To set it to off, enter code 000.
13 T-CTCS - Transmitter CTCSS
Sets the Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System(CTCSS) sub-tone for the transmitter.
Values
Notes
Default value
67.0 - 254.1
OFF
OFF
See Table C.2, “CTCSS Frequencies” for a complete reference of CTCSS sub tones. To
enter a CTCSS tone on the numerical keypad, enter its frequency directly rather than the
numerical code. Remember to input any leading zeros when using the numerical keypad.
To set it to off, enter code 000.
14 VOICE - Voice Prompt
When enabled your radio will "talk back" to you, meaning audible confirmation when
pressing keys and working the menu system.
52
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
1
ENG
English
ENG
Menu definitions
15 ANI-ID - Automatic Number ID
Baofeng UV-5R
Key
Values
Notes
2
CHI
Chinese
0
OFF
Default value
In some versions of the firmware your options may be restricted to ON and OFF.
15 ANI-ID - Automatic Number ID
This can only be set via Computer Linked programming.
Values
Notes
Default value
80808
16 DTMFST - DTMF tone of transmit
code
Selects if you should send your S-CODE(DT) or ANI code with the PTT-ID.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
1
DT-ST
S-CODE only
DT+ANI
2
ANI code onlyANIST
3
DT+ANI
0
OFF
Both
You cannot set DTMFST while in channel/memory mode.
17 S-CODE - Signal Code
S-CODE sets your transceiver to one of the fifteen(15) group ID codes. The actual ID
codes are only settable from a computer.
Values
Notes
1 - 15
Default value
1
You cannot set S-CODE while in channel/memory mode.
18 SC-REV - Scanner Resume Method
Sets the behaviour of the scanner upon finding active frequencies.
Appendix B. Menu definitions
53
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
TO
Time Operation
TO
1
CO
Carrier Operation
2
SE
Search Operation
• Time Operation: The scanner will resume after a pre set time.
• Carrier Operation: The scanner will resume once the signal disappears.
• Search Operation: The scanner holds on the frequency with detected activity.
19 PTT-ID - When to send the PTT-ID
Sets when to send the PTT-ID (ANI and/or S-CODE) code(s).
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
1
BOT
Beginning Of Trans- OFF
mit
2
EOT
End Of Transmit
3
BOTH
Both BOT and EOT
0
OFF
You cannot set PTT-ID while in channel/memory mode.
20 PTT-LT - Signal code sending delay.
Delay before sending the PTT-ID.
Values (ms)
Notes
Default value
0 - 30
5
21 MDF-A - Channel Mode A Display
Sets the display mode for the upper display.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
CH
Channel number
FREQ
1
NAME
Channel name
2
FREQ
Frequency
Channel name can only be set via Computer.
54
Menu definitions
22 MDF-B - Channel Mode B Display
Baofeng UV-5R
22 MDF-B - Channel Mode B Display
Sets the display mode for the lower display.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
CH
Channel number
FREQ
1
NAME
Channel name
2
FREQ
Frequency
Channel name can only be set via Computer.
23 BCL - Busy Channel Lock-out
If enabled your radio will prevent you from transmitting on active frequencies.
Key
Values
1
ON
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
OFF
24 AUTOLK - Automatic Keypad Lock
If enabled keypad will automatically lock after eight(8) seconds of inactivity.
Key
Values
1
ON
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
OFF
25 SFT-D - Frequency Shift Direction
Sets the direction of the transmit offset relative receive frequency.
Key
Values
Notes
1
+
TX frequency = RX OFF
+ OFFSET
2
-
TX frequency = RX
- OFFSET
0
OFF
Appendix B. Menu definitions
Default value
55
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
26 OFFSET - Frequency shift amount
Sets the amount of offset on the transmit frequency relative the receive frequency.
Values (MHz)
Notes
Default value
00.000 - 69.990
00.000
To input an offset frequency with the numeric keypad, enter the frequency in 10 megahertz with leading zeroes. For a 2MHz shift, enter
. For a 600kHz shift, enter
.
Use the
and
keys to set offsets below 100kHz.
27 MEM-CH - Store a Memory Channel
Stores current settings in memory to the specified channel number.
Values
Notes
Default value
000 - 127
000
28 DEL-CH - Delete a memory channel
Deletes a memory channel at the specified channel number.
Values
Notes
Default value
0 - 127
000
29 WT-LED - Display back-light colour,
Standby
Sets the back-light colour in standby.
56
Key
Values
1
BLUE
2
ORANGE
3
PURPLE
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
PURPLE
Menu definitions
30 RX-LED - Display back-light colour, Receive
Baofeng UV-5R
30 RX-LED - Display back-light colour,
Receive
Sets the back-light colour while receiving a signal.
Key
Values
1
BLUE
2
ORANGE
3
PURPLE
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
BLUE
31 TX-LED - Display back-light colour,
Transmit
Sets the back-light colour while transmitting a signal.
Key
Values
1
BLUE
2
ORANGE
3
PURPLE
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
ORANGE
32 AL-MOD - Alarm Mode
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
SITE
Cycling tone over SITE
the air
1
TONE
Radio speaker only
2
CODE
Transmit 5s tone followed by Morse
33 BAND - Band Selection
Sets the current operating band.
Appendix B. Menu definitions
57
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
Key
Values
0
VHF
1
UHF
Notes
Default value
VHF
34 TDR-AB - Transmit selection while in
Dual Watch mode
If enabled, this will force the radio to transmit on the selected frequency when in Dual
Watch mode.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
1
A
Upper display
OFF
2
B
Lower display
0
OFF
35 STE - Squelch Tail Elimination
Key
Values
1
ON
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
ON
36 RP-STE - Squelch Tail Elimination
through a repeater
Values
Notes
1 - 10
Default value
5
OFF
37 RPT-RL - Delay the squelch tail of repeater
Values
1 - 10
58
Notes
Default value
OFF
Menu definitions
38 PONMGS - Power On Message
Values
Baofeng UV-5R
Notes
Default value
OFF
38 PONMGS - Power On Message
When enabled it displays a 2 line message on the display. Message can only be set via
computer.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
FULL
Flash entire LCD
MSG
1
MSG
Displays a 2 line
welcome message
39 ROGER - Roger Beep
Transmits an audible tone after you release the PTT.
Key
Values
1
ON
0
OFF
Notes
Default value
OFF
40 RESET - Restore defaults
Resets the radio to factory defaults, with some exceptions.
Key
Values
Notes
Default value
0
VFO
VFO settings only
ALL
1
ALL
Total reset*
* RESET>ALL resets everything with the exception of:
The Power On Message
The VIP software band limits
On some firmware it may reset language to Chinese
Appendix B. Menu definitions
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
60
Menu definitions
Baofeng UV-5R
Appendix C. Technical
specifications
General
General specifications
Specification
Frequency Range (MHz)
Memory channels
Frequency stability
Frequency step (kHz)
Antenna impedance
Operating temperature
Supply voltage
Consumption
Mode of operation
Duty cycle
Dimensions (mm)
Weight (g)
Value
65-108 (Rx only)
136-174 (Rx/Tx)
400-480 (Rx/Tx)
128
2.5ppm
2.5 / 5 / 6.25 / 10 / 12.5 / 25
50 Ohm
-20°C to +60°C
7.4
≤ 75mA (standby)
380mA (reception)
≤ 1.4A (transmission)
Simplex or semi-duplex
03 / 03 / 54 min. (Rx / Tx / Standby)
58 x 110 x 32
214
Transmitter
Transmitter specifications
Specification
RF power (W)
Type of modulation
Emission class
Maximum deviation (kHz)
Spurious emissions (dB)
Value
4 (UHF high)
4 (VHF high)
1 (UHF low)
1 (VHF low)
FM
16K#F3E (wideband)
11K#F3E (narrowband)
≤ ± 5.0 (wideband)
≤ ± 2.5 (narrowband)
<-60dB
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Receiver
Receiver specifications
Specification
Receiver sensitivity
Intermodulation
Audio Output
Adjacent channel selectivity
Value
0.2µV (at 12dB SINAD)
60dB
1000mW
65/60dB
DCS table
Table C.1. DCS Codes
62
Number
Code
Number
Code
Number
Code
001
D023N
002
D025N
003
D026N
004
D031N
005
D032N
006
D036N
007
D043N
008
D047N
009
D051N
010
D053N
011
D054N
012
D065N
013
D071N
014
D072N
015
D073N
016
D074N
017
D114N
018
D115N
019
D116N
020
D122N
021
D125N
022
D131N
023
D132N
024
D134N
025
D143N
026
D145N
027
D152N
028
D155N
029
D156N
030
D162N
031
D165N
032
D172N
033
D174N
034
D205N
035
D212N
036
D223N
037
D225N
038
D226N
039
D243N
040
D244N
041
D245N
042
D246N
043
D251N
044
D252N
045
D255N
046
D261N
047
D263N
048
D265N
049
D266N
050
D271N
051
D274N
052
D306N
053
D311N
054
D315N
055
D325N
056
D331N
057
D332N
058
D343N
059
D346N
060
D351N
061
D356N
062
D364N
063
D365N
064
D371N
065
D411N
066
D412N
Technical specifications
CTCSS table
Baofeng UV-5R
Number
Code
Number
Code
Number
Code
067
D413N
068
D423N
069
D431N
070
D432N
071
D445N
072
D446N
073
D452N
074
D454N
075
D455N
076
D462N
077
D464N
078
D465N
079
D466N
080
D503N
081
D506N
082
D516N
083
D523N
084
D526N
085
D532N
086
D546N
087
D565N
088
D606N
089
D612N
090
D624N
091
D627N
092
D631N
093
D632N
094
D645N
095
D654N
096
D662N
097
D664N
098
D703N
099
D718N
100
D723N
101
D731N
102
D732N
103
D734N
104
D743N
105
D754N
CTCSS table
Table C.2. CTCSS Frequencies
Number
Frequency
Number
Frequency
01
67.0
02
69.3
03
71.9
04
74.4
05
77.0
06
79.7
07
82.5
08
85.4
09
88.5
10
91.5
11
94.8
12
97.4
13
100.0
14
103.5
15
107.2
16
110.9
17
114.8
18
118.8
19
123
20
127.3
21
131.8
22
136.5
23
141.3
24
146.2
25
151.4
26
156.7
27
159.8
28
162.2
29
165.5
30
167.9
Appendix C. Technical specifications
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The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
64
Number
Frequency
Number
Frequency
31
171.3
32
173.8
33
177.8
34
179.9
35
183.5
36
186.2
37
189.9
38
192.8
39
196.6
40
199.5
41
203.5
42
206.5
43
210.7
44
218.1
45
225.7
46
229.1
47
233.6
48
241.8
49
250.3
50
254.1
Technical specifications
Baofeng UV-5R
Colophon
All linework drawings were recreated in Inkscape [http://inkscape.org/] using the original Baofeng
manual artwork as reference.
65
The (Chinese) Radio Documentation Project
66
Colophon