Dranetz-BMI
PowerVisa® 440,
PowerGuide® 4400 and
PowerXplorer® PX5
Operational Skills
Course: TS-DB-PX5 (PQS104)
Date & Location: 12/11/08 Santa Clara, CA
Presented by:
PowerCET® Corporation
3350 Scott Blvd., Bldg. 55 Unit 1
Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA
408/988-1346 | FAX 408/988-4869
E-mail: training@powercet.com
Web Page: http://www.powercet.com
© 2006-2009 by PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved. (100616)
DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
Dranetz-BMI
PowerVisa 440,
PowerGuide® 4400 &
PowerXplorer® PX5
Operational Skills
Presented by:
PowerCET® Corporation
3350 Scott Blvd., Bldg. 55, Unit 1, Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA
408/988-1346 | FAX 408/988-4869
E-mail: training@powercet.com
Web Page: http://www.powercet.com
©2006-08 by PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Contents:
ƒModule 1: Hardware and Basic Operation
ƒModule 2: Real-Time Monitoring
ƒModule 3: Long-Term Monitoring
ƒModule 4: Viewing Event Data on 4400 / PX5
PowerGuide® ,Power Xplorer® & DRAN-VIEW™ are trademarks of Dranetz-BMI Inc.
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Safety Precautions
The following safety precautions must be followed whenever any type of
voltage or current connection is being made to the PowerGuide® or
PowerXplorer®
ƒWear Safety glasses and insulated gloves when making
connections to power circuits
ƒHands, shoes and floor must be dry when making any
connection to a power line
ƒBefore each use, inspect all cables for breaks or cracks in the
insulation
ƒSet the PowerGuide® / PowerXplorer® power switch to Off
ƒBefore connecting to electric circuits to be monitored, open their
related circuit breakers or disconnects. DO NOT install any
connection of the monitor to live power lines
ƒConnections must be made to the monitor first, then to the
circuit to be monitored
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
(1) Hardware and Basic Operation
ƒFeatures and Controls
ƒAccessories
ƒCurrent Probes
ƒBasic Operation
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Features and Controls
•360 x 240 (1/4 VGA) pixel
backlit color LCD Touch
Screen, 3.75” x 4.75”
•8” x 12” x 2.5”
•Weight: 4.2LBS
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Status Lights, On/Off Switch
1 Battery Charge Indicator
Steady = Charging
Blinking = Charged
2 Status Indicator
Off = Normal
On = Abnormal condition
3 Power Indicator
Blinking = Normal
4 On/Off Button
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Program Cards
®
•Firmware upgrades are
downloaded from Web, put
onto a CF card with a PC,
and loaded from CF Card
in the top slot (#1)
(Insert/remove only with power off)
•Card with firmware should
be removed from slot 1 after
upgrading.
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
External Memory
****Firmware Version 2 (and below)****
•Compact Flash Memory Cards
• Only Dran-BMI 32M - 256M
Cards guaranteed to work
• 32M minimum required
• Use either slot, SLOT #2
PREFERRED
• Only 1 memory card may be
used at a time
•Optional Compact Flash Card
Adapters (for personal
computer):
• PC Card (PCMCIA)
• USB
****Firmware Version 2 (and below)****
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
External Memory
****Firmware Version 3 (and above)****
•Compact Flash Memory Cards
• Only Dranetz-BMI 32M –
32GB Cards guaranteed to
work
• 32M minimum required…4GB
recommended.
• Use card SLOT #1 ONLY!
• File size option menu
•32 MB
•64 MB
•128 MB (Default Setting)
•256 MB
• Only 1 memory card may be
used at a time
****Firmware Version 3 (and above)****
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
External Memory Card Adapters
•Optional Compact Flash Card
Adapters (for personal / laptop
computer):
• PC Card (PCMCIA)
• USB
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
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Outside Connections
•AC/Battery Operation
•90-265VAC, 50-60Hz External Pwr.
Supply
•2-3 hours operation on (new) battery
•4-hour charging time
•Optical Data Port
•External Communication Adapters:
•Fiber optic - RS232, ext modem (v1.5)
•Fiber optic - USB
•Fiber optic - IP-addressable Ethernet
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Voltage, Current Channels
VOLTAGE CHANNELS
•4 Fully Differential Voltage
Channels,1-600VRMS
•Transient Voltage
Measurement: 50-1000VPk
CURRENT CHANNELS
• 4 independent Current
Channels
• Range of 10-200% of attached
current probe rating
• 1.5Vrms w/3:1CF (4.5Vpeak
max). 3.0Vrms w/1.5:1CF.
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Frequency Ranges
•Model PowerGuide 4400
•2 user selectable ranges:
• 30 - 70 Hz default, with up to
25% Vthd
• 5 - 30 Hz
•Model PowerVisa 440
• No answer modules
• No preprogrammed Inrush &
Fault Recorder modes.
• Post cycle capture limited to
100 cycles.
•Model PowerXplorer PX5-XFAST
•2 user selectable ranges:
• 30 - 70 Hz default, with up to
25% Vthd
• 15 - 30 Hz
•Model PowerXplorer PX5-400
•2 user selectable ranges:
• 30 - 70 Hz default, with up to
25% Vthd
• 380 - 440 Hz (reduced accuracy
with 32 samples/cycle)
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Sample Rate
•60 Hertz Resolution
•256 Samples/cycle
•Harmonics
•200 ms window
•Displayed to 63rd Harmonic
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
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Calculated Parameters
•True Average Power
•Apparent Power
•Fundamental Apparent Power
•Fundamental Power
•Volt Ampere Reactive
•True Power Factor
•Displacement Power Factor
For Details, see Appendix B Users Manual
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Standard Accessories
• User's Guide
• Voltage Cable Set, Clips, Pouch
• Battery Charger/AC Adapter
• Battery
• Easel/Hanger Bracket
• Carry Strap
• Protective Rubber Boot
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Optional Accessories
•Compact Flash Memory
Cards: 32 / 64 / 128 / 256M
•Current Probes
•External Communication
Adapters
•Portable Field Printer
•Secure Monitoring Enclosure
•Carrying, Shipping Cases
•Electrical Energy Mgmt. Field
Handbook
•PQ Analysis Field Handbook
•Phase Power Adapter
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probe Selection List
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Current Probes - 1
AC Current Clamps
•(440/4400/PX5/PP4300 compatible
connector: Hypertronics Model
D01PB406MST connector 4 pin male.)
•TR-2501 100MA to 1.2A CT
•TR-2530A 20A-300ARMS CT
•TR-2540A 10A-1000A CT
•TR-2550A 1A-100ARMS CT
•TR-2510A 1A-10ARMS CT
•TR-2500A 10A-500ARMS CT
•TR-2520A 100A-3000ARMS CT
•*TR-2021 1A-30A CT, high bandwidth
•*TR-2019B 50A-300A CT, high
bandwidth
•*TR-2022 10A-1000A CT, high
bandwidth
•*TR-2023 200A-3000A CT, high
bandwidth
*Requires CA4300 Adapter
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probes - 2
Flexible Probes and Accessories
•DRANFLEX 3003XL incl power supply
•DRANFLEX 3K
•DRANFLEX 6K
•RR3035A*
•RR6035A*
•3000XL (aka DRANFLEX3000XL)
•6000XL (aka DRANFKEX6000XL)
•RR3035*
•RR6035*
•RR3000-SD*
BLUE = 1.5v output @ full scale
RED = 3v output @ full scale
* Requires CA4300BNC or A-CPA-MBNC-PX5 adapter
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probes - 3
• Flexible Probes and
Accessories
– 3-Range 30/300/3000A
• ACP3003_3/24 (3v output)
• ACP3000_3/24 (3v output)
• ACP3000_1/24 (1.5v output)
– 3-Range 60/600/6000A
• ACP6003_3/24 (3v output)
• ACP6000_3/24 (3v output)
• ACP6000_1/24 (1.5v output)
– Notes
• Pro~flex ACP probes listed above are
terminated with a MBNC connector and
require the A-CPA-FBNC-PX5 adapter
to connect to the Dranetz current
channel inputs
• Pro~flex ACP probes are available in
the following standard lengths
–
–
–
–
24”
36”
48”
Custom lengths available
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probes Cross Reference
Current Probe Selection Menu Cross Reference
Current Probe Selection Menu
Current Probe Model (Range)
Other
(Scale)
Entry (Menu Listing) Selection
ACP3000_1 (Range 1) 30A
20
3000XL, RR3035A (Range 1) 30A
ACP3000_1 (Range 2) 300A
200
3000XL, RR3035A (Range 2) 300A
ACP3000_1 (Range 3) 3000A
AEMC NM261 (Range 1) 20A
AEMC NM261 (Range 2) 200A
AEMC SR261 (Range 1) 10A
2000
10
100
10
3000XL, RR3035A (Range 3) 3000A
RR3035 (Range 1) 30A
RR3035 (Range 2) 300A
RR3035 (Range 1) 30A
AEMC SR261 (Range 2) 100A
100
RR3035 (Range 2) 300A
AEMC SR261 (Range 3) 1000A
1000
RR3035 (Range 3) 3000A
ACP3000_3 (Range 1) 30A
10
RR3035 (Range 1) 30A
ACP3000_3 (Range 2) 300A
100
RR3035 (Range 2) 300A
ACP3000_3 (Range 3) 3000A
Fluke i200s (Range 1) 20A
1000
10
Fluke i200s (Range 2) 200A
100
Fluke i1000s (Range 1) 10A
10
RR3035 (Range 3) 3000A
RR3035 (Range 1) 30A
RR3035 (Range 2) 300A
RR3035 (Range 1) 30A
Fluke i1000s (Range 2) 100A
100
RR3035 (Range 2) 300A
Fluke i1000s (Range 3) 1000A
1000
RR3035 (Range 3) 3000A
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probe Adapters
• Current Probe Adapter
– A-ACP-FBNC-PX5 (a male
BNC adapter is also available
under the part number A-ACPMBNC-PX5 or
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probes - 3
AC/DC Current Probes
•PR150/SP2 150A CT (9v Battery Powered)
•PR1500/SP8 1500A CT (9v Battery Powered)
•PR150/SP1 150A CT (Requires AC adapter)
•PR1500/SP7 1500A CT (Requires AC adapter)
•ACADP-PR9VUS (AC Adapter)
Each probe requires separate ac adapter
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
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Current Probes - 4
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Current Probes - 5
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
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Optional Accessories: Software
•Node-Link™
•Transfers data via
optical port to a PC
•DranView™
•View & Analyze
Event Data
•Professional
•Enterprise
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Touch Screen
•Use finger or PDAtype stylus
•Usable with gloves on
•Icon movement /
audible beep confirm
touch
•Backlight times out,
touch to restore
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
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Basic Operation: Home Screen
•Status Display
•Model, Firmware
Version, Current Date
and Time
•Monitoring Status (On,
Off, Done, Armed)
•Circuit Type
•Memory Card Status
•Data Filename
•# Events Saved
•# Journal Logs
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Home Screen
•Home Screen Icons
• Real-Time
Displays
•Scope
•Meter
•Harmonics
•Phasor
• Recorded Data
• Displays
•Trend
•Events
•Reports
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
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Basic Operation: Home Screen
•Preferences
•Time & Date
•Languages
•LCD Display
•Beeper
•Communications
•Memory Card
•Start/Setup Button
•Setup and
Start/Stop
Monitoring
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Reset to Factory Defaults
yPerforms firmware
upgrades with newer
version in slot 1 at
Power Up
yFrom the Home
Screen, Press:
Preferences Icon
yPress: Reset to
Factory Defaults
yPress: Yes to reset Xplorer
yCaution: Erases all internal settings
and data
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Setup-Set Time & Date
yFrom the Home Screen, Press: Preferences Icon
ySet Correct Time and Date
yOptional: Choose Clock Style
(Analog, Digital 12 Hr. or Digital 24 Hr.)
yOptional: Choose Date Style
(mm/dd/yy, dd/mm/yy, yy/mm/dd)
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Setup - Display
yFrom the Home Screen, Press: Preferences Icon
yPress: Display Preferences
yTurn on Password protection if desired
yAdjust Contrast for best visibility (changing temps changes contrast)
yCalibrate touch screen if necessary (recommended)
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Setup - Beeper
yPress: Turn Beeper On/Off
yBeeps when thresholds crossed
(touch-click feedback unaffected)
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Basic Operation: Set File Size
yFrom the Home Screen, Press: Preferences
yPress: Memory Card
Recommend using the 128 MB
default unless your PC has 4 GB of
internal memory. During
monitoring the when the recorded
data reaches 128 MB the file name
will be incremented and a new file
created to continue monitoring.
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Workbook Modules:
1 Hardware and Basic Operation
2 Real-Time Monitoring
3 Long-Term Monitoring
4 Viewing Event Data on the 4400 / PX5
5 Viewing Event Data in DranView
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
(2) Real-Time Monitoring
•Real-Time Monitoring*
• Hookup
• Setup
• Scope Mode
• Meter Mode
• Harmonics
• Phasors
* Note: use of Real-Time monitoring screens
does not affect or interrupt any long-term
monitoring in progress
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Hookup
ƒConnect unit to 120V single-phase circuit.
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Hookup
ƒThree phase circuit connection with stackable jumpers.
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Verify/Change Setup as Needed
• On power up, 4400 & PX5 use the
last used setup (note circuit type on
status display for a reminder)
• Verify correct setup before using
real-time monitoring screens for
accurate measurements. Options:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Use the existing setup if the
equipment and circuit haven't
changed since last use (view
setup-> summary to verify
probes / circuit / scale
factors)
Use Automatic Setup. Press
Probe if you need to change
current probes
Use the Wizard Setup to
manually setup the unit
Load a known setup template
from memory card
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Automatic Setup
•From Home Screen,
Press: Start/Setup
•Press: Automatic Setup
• (auto setup runs)
•Verify that information on
Auto-Config screen is
correct
•Press: Summary to for
more configuration
information
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Setup Summary
•Scroll down by dragging
the scroll bar
•Check the current
probes and scale
factors
•Press: Exit
•Press: Probe to correct
current probe selection
and scale factors if
necessary
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Current Probe Selection
•Press Change to
choose the probe for
each channel from the
menu
•Press Set Identical if
using identical probes
for all channels
•If your current probe
is not on the list,
select Other
•Press OK when
finished
•Press OK on AutoConfig Screen to
return to Home
Screen
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Scope Mode: Screen Layout
From the Home screen, press: Scope
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Scope Mode: Turning channels On/Off
•From the Scope
screen, press:
Chan
Toggles all volts, amps on/off
•Toggle individual
channels, and/or
rows and columns
of channels on/off
•Turn off unused
channels
•Press OK
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Scope Mode: Check Range
•From the Scope screen,
press: CkRng
•Input range display shows
the % of the instruments
full range detected on
each channel
•OK = Within Range
•OVER = Over Range
•UNDER = Under Range
•N/A = Channel Disabled
•CLIP = Clipping
•Press: OK
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Meter Mode: Standard Meter Tab, Basic
•From the Home Screen, Press: Meter
•Only Standard and Distortion tabs are available
on PowerGuide 4400 and PowerVisa 440
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Meter Mode: Standard Meter Tab, Computed Basic
•Press: Computed Basic
•Lag (inductive) is plus,
lead (capacitive) is minus
when energy is delivered
to the load
•Residual Current =
Vector sum of the phase
currents w/o neutral
•Net Current = Vector sum
of the phase currents and
neutral (i.e. leakage
current)
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Meter Mode: Standard Meter Tab: Power & Demand
Press: Power
Press: Demand
(parameter measured over time,
starts as zero)
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Meter Mode: Standard Meter Tab: Energy & Harmonics
Press: Energy
(parameter measured over time,
starts as zero)
Press: Harmonics
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Meter Mode: Standard Meter Tab, Flicker
Press: Flicker
(parameter measured over time, starts as zero)
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Meter Mode: Distortion Meter Tab: THD & TID
Press: Distortion Tab, THD
RSS=root sum of square
Press: TID (Total
Interharmonic Distortion)
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Meter Mode: Distortion Meter Tab: TIF & Crest Factor
Press: TIF (Telephone
Influence Factor)
Press: Crest Factor
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Meter Mode: Distortion Meter Tab: Power & Transformer
Press: Power
Press: Transformer
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Harmonics: Graph
From Home Screen, Press: Harmonics Icon
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Harmonics: Graph Details
•Press: Detail
•Drag <- -> highlight
(blue) area to
harmonics of
interest
•Press the
magnifying Glass
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Harmonics: Graph Options
•Press: Options
•Check Harmonics only if you are not interested in interharmonics
•Check the desired graph units and scaling
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DB-PX5 - PowerVisa 440® / PowerGuide® 4400 / PowerXplorer® PX5 Op. Skills
©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Harmonics: List
•Press: List
•Press Sort to organize by
decreasing magnitude
•Press Norm to toggle
between normalized and unnormalized values
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Phasors
•From Home screen, Press: Phasors
•Demo displays animated phasor display
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Phasors
•Press: Demo
•Demo displays animated phasor display
Chooses Resistive / Inductive / Capacitive Load
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Contents:
1 Hardware and Basic Operation
2 Real-Time Monitoring
3 Long-Term Monitoring
4 Viewing Event Data on the 4400 / PX5
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
(3) Long-Term Monitoring
•Setup a new circuit: Automatic Setup
•Setup a new circuit: Wizard Setup
•Save a setup template to a card
•Load a setup template from a card
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Monitoring Terminology
•PARAMETER THRESHOLD: A user-defined measurement
limit beyond which an event is triggered
•EVENT: An instantaneous snapshot of circuit data triggered
by a parameter threshold crossing
•WAVEFORM CAPTURE: The saving of multiple cycles of
waveform data from the time of an event
•SETUP: A collection of parameter thresholds, waveform
capture settings, timed data logging and input configuration
info that determine the data that will be saved during a
monitoring session
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3-Phase Wye Hookup: Steps
•Use appropriate safety gear
•Connect Probes to unpowered
monitor first
•Deactivate AC circuit
•Don't connect to circuits >600VRMS!
•Make ground connections first
•Connect voltage probes and clamp on
current probes
•Use jumpers to avoid multiple neutral
connections
•Double check connections are correct
and secure
•Tag area with safety markers
•Reactivate AC circuit
•Turn on monitor
•Check circuit detection in smart start
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3-Phase Wye Hookup: Connections
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Start Menu
• On power up, 4400 &
PX5 use the last used
setup (note circuit type on
status display for a
reminder)
•From Home Screen,
Press: Start/Setup
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Setup Choices
•Use Automatic Setup (Power
Quality only). Press Probe if you
need to change current probes.
Or:
•Use the Wizard Setup to
manually setup the unit . Or:
•Use Monitor Same Circuit if the
equipment and circuit haven't
changed since last use (view
setup-> summary to verify
probes / circuit / scale factors).
Or:
•Load a setup template from
memory card that matches your
application (preferred method)
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Automatic Setup
•Press: Automatic
Setup
•(auto setup runs)
•Press: Summary to
verify correct
configuration
•If necessary, Press:
Probe to correct
current probe
selection
•Press: OK, to go to
Monitoring Screen,
ready to start
monitoring
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Automatic Setup
•Press: Start Now! to start
an "open-ended"
monitoring session and
return to the Home
Screen
•Press: Monitor using
Start and End times to
schedule a defined
monitoring period
•Shortcut to modify trigger
parameters (covered in
wizard setup)
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Automatic Setup: Monitoring On
•While the instrument is
actively monitoring data,
the message
MONITORING STATUS:
ON appears on the top
section of the Home
screen
•Events and Journal log
entries are enumerated on
status screen as they
occur
•Press: Stop to halt a
monitoring session
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Default parameter settings by mode
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Default parameter settings by mode, continued
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Default parameter settings by mode, continued
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Wizard Setup
•From the Start
Menu, Press:
Wizard Setup
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Wizard Setup: Current Probe Selection
•If current will not be
monitored, press (to
deselect) Enable Currents
•If current will be
monitored, press Change
to choose the probe for
each channel
•Press Set Identical if
using identical probes for
all channels
•If your current probe is not
on the list, select Other
•Press Next when finished
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Wizard Setup: Scale Factors
•Enter a scale factor if
appropriate:
• Probe not on menu
(choose other),
• Measuring on the
output of a potential
transformer or
current transformer
• Using a Dranetz-BMI
ISO box
•Scale factors are
calculated by dividing
the output into the
input (e.g. 1000:200 is
1000/200 =5)
•Press Next when
finished
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Wizard Setup: Circuit Type
•Press: Ckt buttons to
cycle through
available circuit types
•Autodetected circuit
appears in green type
•Press: Scope or
Phasor to verify
correct circuit and
wiring
•Press Next when
finished
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Wizard Setup: Nominal Values
•Verify/correct the nominal
values which are used to
set default thresholds
•Press Tracking for
frequency tracking options
•Nominal frequency should
match your line frequency
•Nominal Current is
whatever is detected on
circuit. Set to your spec
•Press Next when finished
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Frequency Tracking
•Standard (16-440 Hz.) "rides
through” voltage changes &
tracks the fundamental
frequency even in the absence
of voltage
•Fast (16-65 Hz.) follows
frequency changes more
closely
•Internal uses the nominal
frequency when making
measurements where no ref.
signal (e.g. DC) is available
•Specify the channel used for
external sync (A or D) and the
tracking range
•Press OK when finished
•Press Next when finished
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Wizard Setup: Mode of Operation
•To record data,
press: Continue
and set limits...
•then Press: Next
•(Cancel discards
changes and
returns to Start
menu)
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Wizard Setup: Monitoring Mode
•Gives you a choice of
templates for parameter
thresholds setup:
• Standard Power Quality,
Demand, Energy (default)
optimizes the instrument to
collect data for
troubleshooting using
standard power quality
parameters, with numerous
trigger conditions set (used
by smart start/autoconfig)
• Current Inrush is ideal for
recording motor start-up and
inrush conditions. It triggers
on change in current with
longer cycle-by-cycle
waveform capture than
Standard Power Quality
• Fault Recorder is similar to
Inrush but with a voltage
trigger
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Wizard Setup: Monitoring Mode, cont.
•...templates continued:
• Long-term Timed
Recording, Demand, Energy
uses periodic measurements
only (no triggers, only trended
values are available)
PX5 & 4400 Screen
• Continuous Data Logging,
Demand, Energy logs rms
and power values once per
second until memory is filled
or for specified time period
PowerVisa 440 Screen
• EN50160 Power Quality
monitors and reports Quality
of Supply (QOS) compliance
as specified by the EN50160
standard
•Press: Standard Power Quality,
Demand, Energy
•Press: Next
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Wizard Setup: Monitoring Mode / PV 440
•The PowerVisa has 4 templates for
parameter thresholds setup:
• Standard Power Quality, Demand,
Energy (default) optimizes the
instrument to collect data for
troubleshooting using standard power
quality parameters, with numerous
trigger conditions set (used by smart
start/autoconfig)
• Long-term Timed Recording,
Demand, Energy uses periodic
measurements only (no triggers, only
trended values are available)
• Continuous Data Logging,
Demand, Energy logs rms and
power values once per second until
memory is filled or for specified time
period
• EN50160 Power Quality monitors
and reports Quality of Supply (QOS)
compliance as specified by the
EN50160 standard
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Wizard Setup: Advanced Options
• The unit is now ready to
begin monitoring and to
record data in the memory
card
• Press: Next to accept
defaults, or press to modify:
• Transient Limit
• RMS Variation Limit
• Waveform Capture
• Characterizer options
• Journal Limit
• Journal Interval
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Wizard Setup: Transient Limits-Instantaneous Peak
•From the Advanced options screen,
Press: Transient Limit
•If applicable, Press: Group A B C to
simplify setup
•Press the limit field and enter the
instantaneous limit. This value is
compared against the absolute
value of each of 256 samples of
the V and I channel waveforms
•Vpk must be set higher than the
peak of the normal waveform (1.414
x the rms value) or continuous
triggering will result
•Press: Enable
•Press Amps to toggle between volts
and amps
•Press the other tabs to set other
channels
•Press: Next to continue
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Wizard Setup: PX5 Transient Limits-Hi Frequency Detectors*
•The PX5's high frequency
card allows it to capture highfrequency transients
(>2µSec)
•If applicable, Press: Group A
B C to simplify setup
•Press the limit field and enter
the limit.
•Press: Enable
•Press Amps to toggle
between volts and amps
•Press the other tabs to set
other channels
•Press: Next to continue
• * only available on
• PowerXplorer PX5
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Wizard Setup: Transient Limits-Waveshape Fault Detection
•Press limit field under Threshold to
change limit
•If the wave samples differ by
more than the threshold
tolerance for a time exceeding
the Duration or window percent
of power frequency cycle, a
waveshape fault is registered.
•Useful for capturing low-mid
frequency transients
•Press limit field under Duration to
change limit
•Press: Enable
•Press Amps to toggle between
volts and amps
•Press the other tabs to set other
channels
•Press: Next to continue
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Wizard Setup: Transient Limits-RMS Distortion Waveshape
•Press limit field under Volts
or Amps to change limit
•This sets the threshold
limit beyond which rms
voltage/current variations
occur
•Similar to previous screen
with window set at 100%
•Press: Enable
•Press Amps to toggle
between volts and amps
•Press the other tabs to set
other channels
•Press: Next to continue
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Wizard Setup: Transient Limits-Pre/Post Cycle capture
•Press limit field under
Volts or Amps to change
limit
•This chooses the
number of cycles before
and after the trigger
cycle to capture
•Press: Use Default to
capture Pre: 1, Post: 2
•Press: Set same as RMS
variation to capture Pre: 2,
Post: 2
•Press: Finish to complete
Transient Limit setup and
return to will return to the
Advanced Options menu
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Wizard Setup: RMS Variation Limits
•RMS triggers occur when any
one of the measured quantities
crosses the high or low limit for a
period of at least one rms sample
point (which are taken twice per
cycle with a one cycle sliding
integration window)
•Disturbance End = the cycle
when all triggered channels
return within limits for a minimum
duration of cycles specified in
range to end event. Until then,
any subsequent excursions
beyond the thresholds are
considered part of the original
disturbance. To minimize the
number of triggers recorded for a
sequence of closely spaced
disturbances, hysteresis is
employed in both voltage and
time for the begin-event and endevent thresholds
•Press: RMS Variation Limit
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Wizard Setup: RMS Variation Limits
•If applicable, Press: Group
A B C to simplify setup
•Press the threshold
parameter (High, Low, Very
Low) to change, enable or
disable threshold values
•High limits must be at least
.1 higher than Low limits, or
the entered value will not
be accepted.
•Press: % of Nominal to use
percentages instead of
volts
•Press the other tabs to set
other channels
•Press: Amps
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Wizard Setup: RMS Variation Limits
•If applicable, Press: Group
A B C to simplify setup
•Press the threshold
parameter (High, Low, Very
Low) to change, enable or
disable threshold values
115A
•High limits must be at least
.1 higher than Low limits, or
the entered value will not be
accepted.
•Press: % of Nominal to use
percentages instead of amps
•Press the other tabs to set
other channels
•Press: Next
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Wizard Setup: RMS Variation & Waveform Capture
•Choose the number of cycles of
RMS samples to record for RMS
Summaries
•Choose the number of cycles
waveforms to capture for
Waveform Capture summaries—
recommend making value same as
RMS Summary cycles above.
•These are two separate captures
stored into the database
•Enable/Disable Waveform Capture
Note: PX5 & 4400 have 10,000cycles post-trigger capture.
PowerVisa 440 is limited to 100cycles post-trigger.
•Press: Finish to return to the
advance options screen
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Wizard Setup: Waveform Capture (cross triggering)
•Waveform captures may
be associated with voltage
and current triggers
•Press: Waveform Capture
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Wizard Setup: Waveform Capture (cross triggering)
•The trigger channels are in
the left column and the grid
rows that are checked show
which channels will have
waveforms captured
•Press: Group ABC if
applicable
•Press: any of the grids to
change the capture
configuration
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Wizard Setup: Waveform Capture (cross triggering)
•Select the channels to
capture waveforms when
triggered by the left
column parameter
•Press: Clear to remove
previous selections
•Press: OK when finished
•Press: OK again when
finished with all the cross
trigger grids to return to
the Advanced Monitoring
Screen
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Wizard Setup: Characterizer Options
•Characterizer options
selects how the PX5
categorizes triggered
events
•Press: Characterizer
Options
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Wizard Setup: Characterizer Options
•Event data is measured in compliance
with the criteria set by IEEE 1159 or
IEC 61000-4-30 Class A
•Press: None (Raw Data) if you do not
want to characterize event data
according to any measurement
standard—uses less CPU time.
•Press: IEEE 1159 Standard (typical
for North America) or IEC 61000-4-30
Standard to characterize event data
•Press: OK to accept changes in
characterizer setting and return to
Advanced Options menu
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Wizard Setup: Journal Limit
•Periodic readings of power
parameters are stored as
trend data in a journal
•Statistical info is captured
regardless of limit settings,
even when no
disturbances occur
•Press: Journal Limit
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Wizard Setup: Journal Limit
•Journal categories are
templates of journal
settings for various
applications
•A complete list is available
in chapter 6 of the manual
•Press: Standard List
•Only Standard List and
Distortion are available on
the PowerGuide 4400 &
PowerVisa 440
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Wizard Setup: Journal Interval
•Defines how often the
PX5 saves data
periodically, regardless
of power quality
disturbances and journal
limits
•Press: Journal Interval
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Wizard Setup: Journal Interval
•Press a category, then press
repeatedly the parameter that
you want to change to display
the available selection values
•Power Values: Interval
(seconds): OFF, 1, 60, 120, 300,
600, 900, 3600
•Waveform Snapshot: OFF, ON
•Demand and Energy: Demand
Sub-Interval (minutes): OFF, 3, 5,
10
•Sub-Intervals per Interval
(minutes): OFF, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
•Harmonics: (minutes): OFF, 1, 2,
5, 10, 15, 60
•Flicker: Pst (Short Term) Interval
(minutes): OFF, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 30
Plt (Long Term) Interval (hours):
OFF, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8
•Press: Finish to return to
Advanced Options
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Wizard Setup: Journal Interval—Power Value…
•Power Values: Interval (seconds):
OFF, 1, 60, 120, 300, 600, 900, 3600
[Press a category, then press
repeatedly the parameter that
you want to change to display
the available selection values.]
•Waveform Snapshot: OFF, ON
•Demand and Energy: Demand SubInterval (minutes): OFF, 3, 5, 10
•Sub-Intervals per Interval
(minutes): OFF, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
[Press a category, then press
repeatedly the parameter that
you want to change to display
the available selection values.]
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Wizard Setup: Journal Interval—Harmonics & Flicker
•Harmonics: (minutes): OFF, 1, 2, 5,
10, 15, 60
[Press a category, then press
repeatedly the parameter that
you want to change to display
the available selection values.]
•Flicker: Pst (Short Term) Interval
(minutes): OFF, 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 30 Plt
(Long Term) Interval (hours): OFF, 1,
2, 3, 4, 8
[Press a category, then press
repeatedly the parameter that
you want to change to display
the available selection values.]
•Press: Finish to return to Advanced
Options
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Wizard Setup: Memory Card
•The last item in Step-bystep setup is saving your
new setup on the
memory card*
•Note: You can save &
load setups on a card
reserved for that
purpose, then swap to
another card for
monitoring w/o powering
down
•Press: Next
*If you do not manually save your setup to memory card and do not start
monitoring with your setup in place, then your setup will not be saved (as last
setup used) on power down, and will be lost!
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Wizard Setup: Memory Card Facts
• Setups templates are saved as
filename.SET
• Event data is saved as
filename_xx.DDB
• Maximum length for
site/filenames is 32 characters.
following DOS conventions
• Cards must be formatted in the
4400 or PX5 before use
• You cannot delete files on the
4400 or PX5
• If you delete files on a CF card
on a PC and then insert it into
the 4400 or PX5, it will display
'fragmented' on the status line.
The card must then be
formatted in the 4400 / PX5
before use
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Wizard Setup: Memory Card
•Press: Change to give
your setup a unique Site
Name
•(also used to name
captured data)
•Format the card if
necessary (strongly
recommended)
•Press: Memory Card
Contents to see what’s on
the card now
•Press: Finish to exit to the
Monitoring Menu
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Wizard Setup: Finish, Begin Monitoring
•Press: Start Now! to
start an"open-ended"
monitoring session and
return to the Home
Screen
•Press: Monitor using
Start and End times to
schedule a defined
monitoring period
•Press: Save Setup
Template to Card to
save a copy of the
current setup on the
memory card
(recommended)
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***** 4400/PX5 Pre-Monitoring Checklist *****
•CF Card inserted and formatted?
•Correct Date and Time settings?
•Appropriate settings file loaded or new setting file saved?
•Actual circuit connection matches monitor suggested hookup?
•Correct current probes, scale factors, nominal voltage and current?
•Phasor screen indicates correct hookup & circuit probe orientation?
•(Optional) Journal Limits (Standard List: Basic and Harmonics) disabled?
•Reports->Status->Annunciator screen all green (Are your thresholds too tight)?
•Start Monitoring!
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Monitoring On
•While the instrument is
actively monitoring data, the
message MONITORING
STATUS: ON appears on
the top section of the Home
screen
•Event data is saved as
filename_xx.DDB, where xx
is a number (00-99)
incremented each time a
monitoring session uses the
same filename on the card
•You may continue to monitor
real-time data during
monitoring
•Press: Stop to halt a
monitoring session
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Stopping Monitoring
•Press: Stop Now! to halt
a monitoring session
•When monitoring ends,
the message
MONITORING STATUS:
DONE appears on
screen
•If you wish to continue a
monitoring session on
another card, stop
monitoring, power down,
change cards (format if
necessary) and select:
monitor same circuit
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Monitoring using Start and End Times
•Press: Monitor using
Start and End times
to schedule a defined
monitoring period
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Monitoring using Start and End Times
•Press: Date and Time
buttons to schedule a
defined monitoring
period
Press: OK
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Monitoring using Start and End Times
•After specifying the
Start and End
time/date of
monitoring, the
message
MONITORING
STATUS: ARMED
appears on screen
•Monitoring will start &
stop at the specified
time and dates
•Monitoring can be
stopped early by
pressing: STOP
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
Loading a Setup from Memory Card
• Note: Loading a setup
template from the card
will overwrite your
existing setup!
• From the Start Menu,
press: Load setup template
from card
• Setup template files (.set)
on memory card are
displayed ordered by date
and time of creation
• Press to select (highlight)
the desired setup template
file
• Press: OK to load setup
• Start Monitoring with setup
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Checking the Annunciator Panel
•After starting a
monitoring
session, press
the Reports icon
and then the
Status icon to
display the
Summary report
via the
Annunciator
panel
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©2006-2008 PowerCET Corporation. All rights reserved.
The Annunciator Panel
•Green indicates no events
have occurred in that
category since start of
monitoring period or last time
clear button was pressed
•Any other color indicates that
thresholds are being passed.
You may have set your
thresholds too tightly and you
may be filling memory rapidly
•Press: Clear to restart event
counters
•Hint:This is a good screen to
leave the unit on while
monitoring, for instant status
updates
•Press: any parameter or
options to view or change
annunciator details
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Workbook Modules:
1 Hardware and Basic Operation
2 Real-Time Monitoring
3 Long-Term Monitoring
4 Viewing Data on the 440 / 4400 / PX5
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Viewing Data on the 4400 / PX5:
•Viewing Events
•Viewing Trends
•Viewing Reports
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Loading Event Data from Memory Card
•You must load event data
or be currently
monitoring to view events
•To load event data:
• From the Start Menu,
press: Load data from
card
•Files on memory card are
displayed ordered by date
and time of creation
•Press the desired event
file to highlight it
•Press: OK
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Viewing Event Data
•Events
• Recorded when a programmed threshold is crossed
• Contain pre-trigger, trigger (fault), and post-trigger
cycle(s)
• May also contain other channel info depending on
setup
• Event Data is available during and after monitoring
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Viewing Trend Data
ƒTrends
–A graph of parameters and channels over
time
–Shows a macro view interface of timespan,
trigger conditions, and channels of data that
were recorded
–Only Standard and Distortion trends are
available on the PowerGuide 4400
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Viewing Reports
•Reports
• PQ Status summary for Quality of Supply (QOS) using
the annunciator panel, indicating whether parameter is
within limits and/or events have occured since the last
time the panel was cleared
• Status monitors QOS compliance on a continuous
basis
• EN50160: displays a one-week interval to produce a
PASS/FAIL decision (95%) of compliance
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Viewing Events
•Press: Events to
view event list,
graphs and
waveform/RMS plots
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Event Classifications: Short Duration
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Event Classifications: Long Duration
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Event Classifications: Transient
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Event Classifications: Waveform Distortion
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Viewing Events: Screen Layout
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Viewing Events: Event Activity Graph
•The event graph is
located on the top
section of the event
screen
•Four timelines
represent all events
recorded from the time
monitoring started
•Voltage events are
displayed above the
grid and current
channels below
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Viewing Events: Event Selection
•Press: Down arrow
button to view event list
screen
•The top section of the
Event List displays a
summary of the
highlighted event
•Press: arrows or drag
the scroll bar to scroll
the list up and down
•Press: the desired event
to highlight it
•Press: OK
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Viewing Events: Event Detail
•Press: Detail
•Event Details appear at
the top of the screen
•To zoom in on the RMS
plot,
•Press: Magnify
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Viewing Events: Magnify
•In magnification mode, a
blue box showing the
area to zoom in on
appears
•Drag the sides of the
zoom box to expand or
contract the graph
•Press the magnify button
to zoom
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Viewing Events: Magnify
•The magnified plot can
be zoomed further in or
out using the (+) and (-)
buttons
•Drag the sides of the
zoom box to expand or
contract the graph
•Press the (+ or -)
magnify button to zoom
in or out
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Viewing Events: Wave <-> RMS
•You can toggle back and
forth between the wave
(waveform capture) and
RMS plot screens by
pressing the RMS/Wave
button
•Waveforms may be
zoomed in on in the
same manner as RMS
plots
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Viewing Events: Options
•Press: Options to
change the channels
that are plotted
•The event screen
retains your settings,
but reverts to defaults
when a new monitoring
session starts
•Press: Exit to return to
Home Screen
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Viewing Trends
•Press: Trend
•A trend consists of the
timed and threshold
waveforms for the
parameter on display
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Viewing Trends: Screen Layout
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Viewing Trends:
•The default
number of plots
displayed in the
trend screen is
two
•Press the
Magnify button to
view plot
coordinates in
detail
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Viewing Trends: Magnified
•The magnified plot
can be zoomed
further in or out
using the (+) and (-)
buttons
•Drag the sides of the
zoom box to expand
or contract the graph
•Press the (+ or -)
magnify button to
zoom in or out
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Viewing Trends: Parameter/Channel Selection
•Press: Param
•Press the
parameter field
you want to
change
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Viewing Trends: Parameter/Channel Selection
•Press the category
from which you
want to select
parameters/
channels to plot
•Or Press: Disable
to clear the
parameter display
on the previous
screen and return
to it
•Cancel returns to
previous screen
w/o changes
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Viewing Trends: Parameter/Channel Selection
•Within the
category, drill
down to the
parameter, and
select channels
to plot
•Press: OK
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Viewing Trends: Parameter/Channel Selection
•The modified trend
plots are displayed
•Press: Magnify to
enlarge the area of
interest
•Drag the sides of the
zoom box to expand
or contract the graph
•Press the (+ or -)
magnify button to
zoom in or out
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Viewing Trends: Plot Magnification
•The Magnified area
is displayed
•Press: Exit to quit
and return to the
Home Screen
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Viewing Reports
•Press: Report
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Viewing Reports
•Reports present
Quality of Service
(QOS) data in
either EN50160
format or simple
PQ status
•Press: Report
•Press: Status
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The Annunciator Panel
•Green indicates no
events have occurred
in that category since
start of monitoring
period or last time
clear button was
pressed
•Any other color
indicates that
thresholds have been
passed.
•Press: A parameter
and then View Graph
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Viewing Reports: Status Details
ƒThe chosen trend or
event parameter(s) are
plotted
ƒMagnification works
the same as in trend
mode
ƒParam selects
parameters to graph
the same as in trend
mode
ƒPress: Exit to return to
status screen
ƒPress: Exit again to
return to Home screen
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Viewing Reports
ƒReports also present
Quality of Service
(QOS) data in
EN50160 format
ƒPress: EN50160
ƒNote: You must
have collected data
in EN50160 format
(monitoring mode
screen) to view it
here
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Viewing Reports: EN50160
ƒA bar chart displays the
parameters required for
determining compliance
ƒEN50160 evaluations
require a 7-day minimum
period
ƒGreen bars indicate
compliance, red bars
indicate not compliant,
black bars indicates
incomplete period
ƒSelect bars will show
component detail when
pressed
ƒSee manual chapter 7 for
EN50160 details
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