ZyXEL Communications MWR222 - V1.0 User`s guide

Copyright © 2009
ZyXEL Communications Corporation
DEFAULT LOGIN DETAILS
IP Address
http://192.168.10.1
Password
1234
Firmware Version 1.53
Edition 1, 7/2011
MWR211 User’s Guide
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MWR222
Mobile Wireless Router
MWR211 User’s Guide
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About This User's Guide
Intended Audience
This manual is intended for people who want to configure the MWR222 using the
Web Configurator. You should have at least a basic knowledge of TCP/IP
networking concepts and topology.
Related Documentation
• Quick Start Guide
The Quick Start Guide is designed to help you get up and running right away. It
contains information on setting up your network and configuring for Internet
access.
• Supporting Disc
Refer to the included CD for support documents.
• ZyXEL Web Site
Please refer to www.us.zyxel.com for additional support documentation and
product certifications.
User Guide Feedback
Help us help you. Send all User Guide-related comments, questions or
suggestions for improvement to the following address, or use e-mail instead.
Thank you!
SUPPORT E-MAIL
WEB SITE
techwriter@zyxel.com
www.zyxel.com
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Customer Support
Please have the following information ready when you contact Customer Support:
•
Product model and serial number
•
Warranty information
•
Date that you received or purchased your device
•
Brief description of the problem including any steps that you
have taken before contacting the ZyXEL Customer Support
representative
Support Email
support@zyxel.com
Toll-Free
1-800-978-7222
Website
www.us.zyxel.com
Postal mail
ZyXEL Communications Inc.
1130 N. Miller Street,
Anaheim, CA 92806-2001
U.S.A.
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Document Conventions
Warnings and Notes
These are how warnings and notes are shown in this User’s Guide:
Warnings tell you about things that could harm you or your
device.
Note: Notes tell you other important information (for example, other things you may
need to configure or helpful tips) or recommendations.
Syntax Conventions
• The MWR222 may be referred to as the “MWR222”, the “device”, the “product”
or the “system” in this User’s Guide.
• Product labels, screen names, field labels and field choices are all in bold font.
• A key stroke is denoted by square brackets and uppercase text. For example,
[ENTER] means the “enter” or “return” key on your keyboard.
• “Enter” means for you to type one or more characters and then press the
[ENTER] key. “Select” or “choose” means for you to use one of the predefined
choices.
• A right angle bracket ( > ) within a screen name denotes a mouse click. For
example, Maintenance > Log > Log Setting means you first click
Maintenance in the navigation panel, then the Log submenu, and finally the
Log Setting tab to get to that screen.
• Units of measurement may denote the “metric” value or the “scientific” value.
For example, “k” for kilo may denote “1000” or “1024”, “M” for mega may
denote “1000000” or “1048576” and so on.
• “e.g.” is a shorthand for “for instance” and “i.e.” means “that is” or “in other
words.”
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Icons Used in Figures
Figures in this User’s Guide may use the following generic icons. The MWR222
icon is not an exact representation of your device.
MWR222
Computer
Notebook
computer
Server
Modem
Firewall
Telephone
Switch
Router
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Safety Warnings
• Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.
• Do not leave the device exposed to a heat source or in a high-temperature location such as in the
sun or in an unattended vehicle. To prevent damage, remove the device from the vehicle or store it
out of direct sunlight
• When storing the device for an extended time, store within the following temperature range: from
32° to 77°F
• Do NOT operate the device in temperatures colder than 32° or hotter than 104° F
• Contact your local waste disposal department to dispose of the device/battery in accordance with
applicable local laws and regulations.
• Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust, or corrosive liquids.
• Do NOT keep the unit power on while putting it into suite case, closed box, luggage, computer bag
and any closed storage, do turn the device power off before storage.
• Do NOT place items on top of the device.
• Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk of electric
shock from lightning.
• Connect ONLY suitable accessories to the device.
• Do NOT open the device or unit. Opening or removing covers can expose you to dangerous high
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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voltage or other risks. ONLY qualified service personnel should service or disassemble this device.
Please contact your vendor for further information.
Connect cables only to their corresponding ports.
Place connecting cables carefully so that no one will step on them or stumble over them.
Always disconnect all cables from this device before servicing or disassembling.
Use ONLY the power adaptor or cord provided by the manufacturer for your device.
Connect the power adaptor or cord to the right supply voltage (for example, 110V AC in North
America or 230V AC in Europe).
Do NOT allow anything to rest on the power adaptor or cord and do NOT place the product where
anyone can step on the power adaptor or cord.
Do NOT use the device if the power adaptor or cord is damaged as it might cause electrocution.
If the power adaptor or cord is damaged, remove it from the power outlet.
Do NOT attempt to repair the power adaptor or cord. Contact your local vendor to order a new
one.
Before inserting a USB device or accessory. Please verify power consumption of the device is within
the the standard USB 2.0 power rating range of 500 mA per port.
Do not use the device outside, and make sure all the connections are indoors. There is a remote
risk of electric shock from lightning.
Do NOT obstruct the device’s ventilation slots, as insufficient airflow may harm your device.
Antenna Warning! This device meets ETSI and FCC certification requirements when using the
included antenna(s). Only use the included antenna(s).
If you wall mount your device, make sure that no electrical lines, gas or water pipes will be
damaged.
Use ONLY USB devices listed on the manufacturer's website (http://us.zyxel.com/mwr).
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Battery Warnings
Please follow the safety guidelines described in the safety warning and battery warning. Failing to
do so may shorten the lifespan of the internal lithium ion battery or may present a risk of damage
to the unit, fire, chemical burn, electrolyte leak and/or injury.
• Do not leave unit exposed to a heat source or in a location that may become hot, such as a parked
vehicle or in direct sunlight. Do not leave in a glove box, trunk or other location that may become
hot.
• Do not puncture or incinerate the device or battery.
• When/if you dispose of the battery, be certain to follow ordinances from local waste disposal
agencies.
• Keep the battery away from small children or pets.
• Never use a knife, screwdriver or other sharp object to remove the battery.
• Do not attempt to open the battery.
• Use only the provided recharger to recharge the battery.
• Only replace the battery with the correct replacement battery. Failure to do so may result in fire or
explosion. Contact ZyXEL to obtain the correct replacement battery.
Your product is marked with this symbol, which is known as the WEEE mark. WEEE stands for Waste
Electronics and Electrical Equipment. It means that used electrical and electronic products should not
be mixed with general waste. Used electrical and electronic equipment should be treated separately.
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Table of Contents
About This User's Guide ........................................................................................................ 3
Document Conventions ......................................................................................................... 5
Safety Warnings ..................................................................................................................... 7
Part I: Introduction ............................................................................... 17
Chapter 1
Getting to Know Your MWR222 ........................................................................................... 18
1.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 18
1.2 Applications .......................................................................................................................... 18
1.3 Ways to Manage the MWR222 ............................................................................................ 19
1.4 Good Habits for Managing the MWR222 ............................................................................. 20
1.5 LEDs ..................................................................................................................................... 20
Chapter 2
Introducing the Web Configurator ...................................................................................... 22
2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 22
2.2 Accessing the Web Configurator .......................................................................................... 22
2.2.1 Login Screen ............................................................................................................... 23
2.2.2 Password Screen ........................................................................................................ 23
2.3 Resetting the MWR222 ........................................................................................................ 24
2.3.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button ............................................................................ 24
Chapter 3
Monitor .................................................................................................................................. 25
3.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 25
3.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................. 25
3.3 BW MGMT Monitor ............................................................................................................... 25
3.4 DHCP Table
...................................................................................................................... 26
3.5 Packet Statistics
................................................................................................................ 27
3.6 WLAN Station Status
........................................................................................................ 29
3.7 MWAN MGMT Monitor .......................................................................................................... 29
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Chapter 4
MWR222 Modes .................................................................................................................... 32
4.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 32
4.1.1 Device Modes ............................................................................................................. 32
Chapter 5
Router Mode ......................................................................................................................... 34
5.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 34
5.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................. 34
5.3 Status Screen ....................................................................................................................... 35
5.3.1 Navigation Panel ......................................................................................................... 40
Chapter 6
Access Point Mode .............................................................................................................. 45
6.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 45
6.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................. 45
6.3 What You Need to Know ...................................................................................................... 46
6.3.1 Setting your MWR222 to AP Mode ............................................................................. 46
6.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Access Point Mode ............................................ 47
6.3.3 Configuring your WLAN, Bandwidth Management and Maintenance
Settings .......................................................................................................................... 47
6.4 AP Mode Status Screen ....................................................................................................... 48
6.4.1 Navigation Panel .......................................................................................................... 51
6.5 LAN Screen .......................................................................................................................... 51
Chapter 7
WISP Mode ........................................................................................................................... 54
7.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 54
7.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................. 55
7.3 What You Need to Know ...................................................................................................... 55
7.3.1 Setting your MWR222 to WISP Mode ........................................................................ 55
7.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in WISP Mode ........................................................ 56
7.4 WISP Mode Status Screen ................................................................................................... 57
7.5 Wireless LAN General Screen ............................................................................................. 60
7.5.1 No Security................................................................................................................... 61
7.5.2 Static WEP .................................................................................................................. 62
7.5.3 WPA(2)-PSK ............................................................................................................... 64
7.5.4 Advance Screen .......................................................................................................... 65
7.5.5 Site Survey ................................................................................................................... 66
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Chapter 8
Tutorials ................................................................................................................................ 69
8.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 69
8.2 Connecting to the Internet ..................................................................................................... 69
8.2.1 DSL Modem ................................................................................................................. 69
8.2.2 Cable Modem ............................................................................................................... 70
8.2.4 3G USB Adapter .......................................................................................................... 70
8.3 Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point ................................................................. 71
8.4 Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS ........................................................................... 72
8.4.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC) ............................................................................... 72
8.4.2 PIN Configuration ........................................................................................................ 73
8.5 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS) ....................................................... 74
8.5.1 Configure Your Notebook ........................................................................................... 76
Part II: Network ..................................................................................... 79
Chapter 9
Wireless LAN ........................................................................................................................ 80
9.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 80
9.2 What You Can Do ................................................................................................................. 81
9.3 What You Should Know ........................................................................................................ 81
9.3.1 Wireless Security Overview ........................................................................................ 81
9.4 General Wireless LAN Screen ............................................................................................ 84
9.5 Security .................................................................................................................................. 85
9.5.1 No Security .................................................................................................................. 85
9.5.2 WEP Encryption .......................................................................................................... 86
9.5.3 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK ................................................................................................ 88
9.6 MAC Filter ............................................................................................................................. 90
9.7 Wireless LAN Advanced Screen .......................................................................................... 91
9.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen .......................................................................................... 93
9.9 WPS Screen ......................................................................................................................... 94
9.10 WPS Station Screen ........................................................................................................... 96
9.11 Scheduling Screen ............................................................................................................. 97
9.12 WDS Screen ....................................................................................................................... 98
Chapter 10
WAN ................................................................................................................................. 100
10.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 100
10.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 101
10.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 101
10.3.1 Configuring Your Internet Connection .................................................................... 101
10.3.2 Multicast .................................................................................................................. 102
10.4 Internet Connection .......................................................................................................... 103
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10.4.1 Ethernet Encapsulation ........................................................................................... 103
10.4.2 PPPoE Encapsulation ............................................................................................. 106
10.4.3 PPTP Encapsulation ............................................................................................... 109
10.4.4 L2TP Encapsulation ................................................................................................ 113
10.5 Mobile WAN ...................................................................................................................... 117
10.6 Advanced WAN Screen .................................................................................................... 126
10.7 IGMP Snooping Screen .................................................................................................... 127
Chapter 11
LAN ................................................................................................................................. 128
11.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 128
11.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 128
11.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 128
11.3.1 IP Pool Setup .......................................................................................................... 129
11.3.2 LAN TCP/IP ............................................................................................................. 129
11.3.3 IP Alias .................................................................................................................... 129
11.4 LAN IP Screen .................................................................................................................. 129
11.5 IP Alias Screen ................................................................................................................. 130
Chapter 12
DHCP Server ....................................................................................................................... 132
12.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 132
12.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 132
12.3 General Screen ................................................................................................................ 132
12.4 Advanced Screen
.......................................................................................................... 133
Chapter 13
Network Address Translation (NAT) ................................................................................. 136
13.1 Overview
........................................................................................................................ 136
13.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 136
13.3 General NAT Screen ........................................................................................................ 137
13.4 NAT Application Screen
................................................................................................. 138
13.5 NAT Advanced Screen ..................................................................................................... 140
13.5.1 Trigger Port Forwarding Example ........................................................................... 142
13.5.2 Two Points To Remember About Trigger Ports ...................................................... 143
Chapter 14
Dynamic DNS...................................................................................................................... 144
14.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 144
14.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 144
14.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 144
14.4 Dynamic DNS Screen ..................................................................................................... 144
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Chapter 15
OpenDNS ............................................................................................................................ 146
15.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 146
15.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 146
15.3 OpenDNS Screen ........................................................................................................... 146
Chapter 16
Static Route ........................................................................................................................ 148
16.1 Overview
........................................................................................................................ 148
16.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 148
16.3 IP Static Route Screen .................................................................................................... 148
Chapter 17
RIP
................................................................................................................................. 151
17.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 151
17.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 151
17.3 RIP Screen
..................................................................................................................... 151
Part III: Security .................................................................................. 153
Chapter 18
Firewall................................................................................................................................ 154
18.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................... 154
18.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 154
18.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 155
18.4 General Firewall Screen
18.5 Services Screen
................................................................................................ 155
............................................................................................................ 156
Chapter 19
Content Filter ...................................................................................................................... 160
19.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 160
19.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 160
19.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 160
19.3.1 Content Filtering Profiles ......................................................................................... 160
19.4 Content Filter Screen ........................................................................................................ 161
Part IV: Management .......................................................................... 164
Chapter 20
Bandwidth Management .................................................................................................... 165
20.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 165
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20.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 165
20.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................. 166
20.4 General Screen ............................................................................................................... 166
20.5 Advanced Screen ............................................................................................................ 167
20.5.1 Rule Configuration: Application Rule Configuration
............................................ 170
20.5.2 Rule Configuration: User Defined Service Rule Configuration
............................ 171
20.6 Monitor Screen ................................................................................................................. 173
20.6.1 Predefined Bandwidth Management Services ........................................................ 173
Chapter 21
Remote Management ......................................................................................................... 175
21.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 175
21.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 175
21.3 What You Need to Know .................................................................................................. 175
21.3.1 Remote Management and NAT .............................................................................. 176
21.3.2 System Timeout ...................................................................................................... 176
21.4 WWW Screen
................................................................................................................ 176
21.5 SNMP Screen .................................................................................................................... 177
Chapter 22
Universal Plug-and-Play (UPnP) ........................................................................................ 178
22.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 178
22.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 178
22.3 What You Need to Know .................................................................................................. 178
22.3.1 NAT Traversal ......................................................................................................... 178
22.3.2 Cautions with UPnP ................................................................................................ 179
22.4 UPnP Screen ................................................................................................................... 179
22.5 Technical Reference ......................................................................................................... 180
22.5.1 Using UPnP in Windows XP Example .................................................................... 180
22.5.2 Web Configurator Easy Access .............................................................................. 183
Part V: Maintenance and Troubleshooting ....................................... 186
Chapter 23
Maintenance ....................................................................................................................... 187
23.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 187
23.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 187
23.3 General Screen ............................................................................................................... 187
Chapter 24
Password ............................................................................................................................ 189
24.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 189
24.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 189
24.3 What You Need to Know .................................................................................................. 189
24.4 Password Screen ............................................................................................................. 189
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Chapter 25
Time ................................................................................................................................. 191
25.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 191
25.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 191
25.3 Time Setting Screen ......................................................................................................... 191
Chapter 26
Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................................................. 194
26.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 194
26.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 194
26.3 Firmware Upload Screen .................................................................................................. 194
Chapter 27
Backup/Restore .................................................................................................................. 196
27.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 196
27.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 196
27.3 Configuration Screen ........................................................................................................ 196
Chapter 28
Reset/Restart ...................................................................................................................... 199
28.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 199
28.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 199
28.3 Reset/Restart Screen ....................................................................................................... 199
Chapter 29
Sys OP Mode ...................................................................................................................... 200
29.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 200
29.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 200
29.3 What You Need to Know .................................................................................................. 200
29.4 Sys Op Mode Screen ....................................................................................................... 202
Chapter 30
Alert .................................................................................................................................... 204
30.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................... 204
30.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................. 204
30.3 Alert Screen ...................................................................................................................... 204
Chapter 31
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................. 207
31.1 Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs ....................................................................... 207
31.2 MWR222 Access and Login ............................................................................................. 208
31.3 Internet Access ................................................................................................................. 210
31.4 Resetting the MWR222 to Its Factory Defaults ................................................................ 211
31.5 Wireless Router/AP Troubleshooting ............................................................................... 212
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Chapter 32
Product Specifications ...................................................................................................... 218
Part VI: Appendices and Index .......................................................... 222
Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions ..................................... 223
Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting .......................................................................... 231
Appendix C Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address.......................................................... 244
Appendix D Wireless LANs ................................................................................................ 263
Appendix E Common Services........................................................................................... 276
Appendix F Legal Information ............................................................................................ 281
Appendix G Open Source Licenses ................................................................................... 285
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Part I:
Introduction
Getting to Know Your MWR222
Introducing the Web Configurator
Monitor
MWR222 Modes
Tutorials
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1. Getting to Know Your
MWR222
1.1 Overview
This chapter introduces the main features and applications of the MWR222.
Like a high performance wireless router, the MWR222 extends the range of your
existing wired network without additional wiring, providing easy network access
to in-home and in-office users. It also features two USB ports - One on the back,
to connect to a compatible 3G modem when the land line is down or simply not
available, and one on the side which is reserved for future expansion. The 3G
connection allows you to connect to the Internet anywhere you have wireless 3G
coverage from your mobile broadband provider. You can set up a wireless
network with other IEEE 802.11b/g/n compatible devices.
A range of services such as a firewall and content filtering are also available for
secure Internet computing. You can use media bandwidth management to
efficiently manage traffic on your network. Bandwidth management features allow
you to prioritize time-sensitive or highly important applications such as Voice over
Internet Protocol (VoIP).
1.2 Applications
You can create the following networks using the MWR222:
• Wired. You can connect a network device via the Ethernet port of the MWR222
so that they can communicate with each other and access the Internet.
• Wireless. Wireless clients can connect to the MWR222 to access network
resources.
• Land line/Wireless WAN. Connect to a broadband modem/router for Internet
access or connect to Internet via 3G data service.
• Internet access for small business groups in areas where cable modem, DSL
or even T-1 connections are not available.
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Figure 1 MWR222 Network
1.3 Ways to Manage the MWR222
Use any of the following methods to manage the MWR222.
• Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the
MWR222 using a (supported) web browser.
• SNMP management. This allows you to manage your MWR222 with a group of
networked devices from a management program. Currently MWR222 supports
SNMP v1, with further support available for future releases.
• Wireless switch. You can use the built-in switch of the MWR222 to turn the
wireless function on and off without opening the Web Configurator.
• WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) button. You can use the WPS button or the WPS
section of the Web Configurator to set up a wireless network with your ZyXEL
device.
1.4 Good Habits for Managing the MWR222
Do the following things regularly to make the MWR222 more secure and to
manage the MWR222 more effectively.
• Change the password. Use a password that’s not easy to guess and that
consists of different types of characters, such as numbers and letters.
• Write down the password and put it in a safe place.
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• Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it).
Restoring an earlier working configuration may be useful if the device becomes
unstable or even crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset
the MWR222 to its factory default settings. If you backed up an earlier
configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the MWR222. You
could simply restore your last configuration.
1.5 LEDs
Figure 2 Front Panel
The following table describes the LEDs and the WPS button.
Table 1 Front Panel LEDs and WPS Button
LED
COLOR
STATUS
DESCRIPTION
POWER
Green
On
The MWR222 is receiving power and functioning
properly.
Slow
Blinking
The MWR222 is booting.
Fast
Blinking
The reset button has been pressed longer than 5
seconds and the MWR222 is being reset to factory
default configuration.
Off
The MWR222 is not receiving power.
On
The MWR222 is charged.
On
The MWR222 is charging.
On
The MWR222 is low on battery power.
Blinking
The MWR222 is VERY LOW on battery power. If AC
power is not supplied within 10 minutes, the MWR222
will automatically shut down.
Battery
Green
Amber
Red
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WLAN
Green
Green
WPS
Green
On
The MWR222 is ready, but is not sending/receiving
data through the wireless LAN.
Blinking
The MWR222 is sending/receiving data through the
wireless LAN.
Off
The wireless LAN is not ready or has failed.
On
WPS is enabled.
Blinking
The MWR222 is negotiating a WPS connection with a
wireless client.
Off
The wireless LAN is not ready or has failed.
On
The MWR222 has a successful 10/100MB Ethernet
connection.
Blinking
The MWR222 is sending/receiving data through the
LAN.
Off
The LAN is not connected.
On
The 3G connection has been established.
Blinking
Slowly
The 3G connection has established and is in STANDBY
mode.
Blinking
Quickly
The 3G connection is establishing, or there has been
an error in connecting to the 3G connection.
Off
The 3G adapter is disconnected, or the 3G adapter
could not be recognized by the MWR222.
LAN 1
Green
USB
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2. Introducing the Web
Configurator
2.1 Overview
This chapter describes how to access the MWR222 Web Configurator and provides
an overview of its screens.
The Web Configurator is an HTML-based management interface that allows easy
setup and management of the MWR222 via Internet browser. Use Internet
Explorer 7.0 and later or Firefox 3.0 and later versions or Safari 4.0 or later
versions. The recommended screen resolution is 1024 by 768 pixels or higher. In
order to use the Web Configurator you need to allow:
• Web browser pop-up windows from your device. Web pop-up blocking is
enabled by default in Windows XP SP (Service Pack) 2.
• JavaScripts (enabled by default).
• Java permissions (enabled by default).
Refer to the Troubleshooting chapter (Chapter 32) to see how to make sure these
functions are allowed in Internet Explorer.
2.2 Accessing the Web Configurator
1
Make sure your MWR222 hardware is properly connected and prepare your
computer or computer network to connect to the MWR222 (refer to the
Quick Start Guide).
2
Launch your web browser.
3
Type "http://192.168.10.1" as the website address. Your computer must
be in the same subnet in order to access this website address.
2.2.1 Login Screen
The Web Configurator initially displays the following login screen.
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Figure 3 Login screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 2 Login screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Password
Type “1234” (default) as the password.
2.2.2 Password Screen
You should see a screen asking you to change your password (highly
recommended) as shown next.
Figure 4 Change Password Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 3 Change Password Screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
New Password
Type a new password.
Retype to
Retype the password for confirmation.
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Confirm
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes to the MWR222.
Ignore
Click Ignore if you do not want to change the password at this
time.
Note: The management session automatically times out when the time period set in
the Administrator Inactivity Timer field expires (default five minutes; go to Chapter
24 to see how to change this). Simply log back into the MWR222 if this happens.
2.3 Resetting the MWR222
If you forget your password or IP address, or you cannot access the Web
Configurator, you will need to use the RESET button at the back of the MWR222
to reload the factory-default configuration file. This means that you will lose all
configurations that you had previously saved, the password will be reset to
“1234,” and the IP address will be reset to “192.168.10.1”.
2.3.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button
1 Make sure the power LED is on.
2 Press the RESET button for longer than one second to restart/reboot the
MWR222.
3 Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the MWR222 back to
its factory-default configurations. The Power LED will start to blink to indicate that
the default configuration is being loaded.
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3. Monitor
3.1 Overview
This chapter discusses read-only information related to the device state of the
MWR222.
Note: To access the Monitor screens, you can also click the links in the Summary
table of the Status screen to view the bandwidth consumed, packets
sent/received as well as the status of clients connected to the MWR222.
3.2 What You Can Do
• Use the BW MGMT Monitor screen to view the amount of network bandwidth
that applications running in the network are using. (future release)
• Use the DHCP Table screen to view information related to your DHCP status.
• Use the Packet Statistics screen to view port status, packet specific statistics,
system uptime, and so on.
• Use the WLAN Station Status screen to view the wireless stations that are
currently associated to the MWR222.
3.3 BW MGMT Monitor
The Bandwidth Management (BW MGMT) Monitor allows you to view the amount
of network bandwidth that applications running in the network are using.
Bandwidth is measured in kilobits per second (kbps).
The monitor shows what kinds of applications are running in the network, the
maximum kbps that each application can use, as well as the percentage of
bandwidth each application is currently using.
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Figure 5 Summary: BW MGMT Monitor
3.4 DHCP Table
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, RFC 2131 and RFC 2132) allows
individual clients to obtain TCP/IP configuration at start-up from a server. You can
configure the MWR222’s LAN as a DHCP server or disable it. When configured as
a server, the MWR222 provides the TCP/IP configuration for the clients. If DHCP
service is disabled, you must have another DHCP server on that network.
Otherwise, the computer must be manually configured.
Click the DHCP Table (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen. Information
displayed here relates to your DHCP status. The DHCP table shows current DHCP
client information (including IP Address, Host Name and MAC Address) of all
network clients using the MWR222’s DHCP server.
Figure 6 Summary: DHCP Table
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 4 Summary: DHCP Table
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
#
This is the index number of the host computer.
MAC Address This field shows the MAC address of the computer with the name in the
Host Name field.
Every Ethernet device has a unique MAC (Media Access Control) address
which uniquely identifies a device. The MAC address is assigned at the
factory and consists of six pairs of hexadecimal characters, for example,
00:A0:C5:00:00:02.
IP Address
This field displays the IP address relative to the # field listed above.
Expires in
This field displays the time when the IP address and MAC address
association ends.
Refresh
Click Refresh to renew the screen.
3.5 Packet Statistics
Click the Packet Statistics (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen.
Information displayed here includes port status, packet specific statistics and
system uptime. The Poll Interval(s) field allows you to configure the rate at
which the Packet Statistics screen is refreshed.
Figure 7 Summary: Packet Statistics
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 5 Summary: Packet Statistics
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Port
Displays the MWR222’s port type.
Status
The LAN Port field displays the port speed and duplex setting if the
device is currently connected, or Down if the device is disconnected.
The WAN Port field displays the port speed and duplex setting if
you’re using Ethernet encapsulation. If you’re using PPoE or PPTP
encapsulation, it will display Idle if the line is idle, Dial if the device
is starting to trigger a call, or Drop if the device is dropping a call.
This field displays Down when the line is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the
WLAN is enabled and Down when the WLAN is disabled.
TxPkts
Displays the number of transmitted packets on this port.
RxPkts
Displays the number of received packets on this port.
Collisions
Displays the number of collisions on this port.
Tx B/s
Displays the transmission speed in bytes per second on this port.
Rx B/s
Displays the reception speed in bytes per second on this port.
Up Time
Displays the length of time the MWR222 has been during this
session.
System Up Time
Displays the total time the MWR222 has been on during all sessions.
Poll Interval(s)
Enter the time interval in seconds for refreshing statistics in this field.
Set Interval
Click this button to apply the new poll interval you entered in the
Poll Interval(s) field.
Stop
Click Stop to stop refreshing statistics.
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3.6 WLAN Station Status
Click the WLAN Station Status (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen. The
Association List displays the wireless stations that are currently associated with
the MWR222. Association means that a wireless client (for example, your
network or computer with a wireless network card) has connected successfully to
the AP (or wireless router) using the same SSID, channel and security settings.
Figure 8 Summary: Wireless Association List
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 6 Summary: Wireless Association List
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
#
This is the index number of an associated wireless station.
MAC Address
This field displays the MAC address of an associated wireless station.
Association Time
This field displays the time a wireless station first associated with the
MWR222’s WLAN network.
Refresh
Click Refresh to reload the list.
3.7 MWAN MGMT Monitor
Click the MWAM MGMT Monitor (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen.
View the connection details of the Mobile WAN and information about the 3G USB
adapter.
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Figure 9 Summary: Mobile WAN Connection Information
Figure 10 Summary: LTE/3G Mobile WAN Connection Information
Table 7 Summary: Mobile WAN Connection Information
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Connection
Status
This field displays the status of your 3G connection.
Network Type
This field displays the type of your network.
Signal Strength
This field displays the signal strength of your 3G connection.
Manufacturer
This field displays the manufacturer of your mobile USB device.
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Product
This field displays the product name of your mobile USB device.
Firmware Version
This displays the firmware version of your mobile USB device.
Network Operater This field displays the name of your mobile ISP.
Network Mode
This displays the current network mode of your 3G connection.
SIM status
This field displays the status of your SIM card.
Figure 11 Summary: WiMAX Mobile WAN Connection Information
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 8 Summary: Mobile WAN Connection Information
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Connection
Status
This field displays the status of your connection.
Network Type
This field displays the current network type of your mobile
connection.
Tx Power Mean
This field displays the average transmitting power of your WiMAX
connection.
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Rx Power Mean
This field displays the average receiving power of your WiMAX
connection.
CINR Mean
This displays the average CINR of your WiMAX connection
Center Freq.
This displays the center frequency of your WiMAX connection.
4. MWR222 Modes
4.1 Overview
This chapter introduces the different modes available on your MWR222.
4.1.1
Device Modes
This refers to the operating mode of the MWR222, which can act as a:
• Router. This is the default device mode of the MWR222. Use this mode to
connect the local network to another network, like the Internet. Go to Status
Screen to view the Status screen in this mode.
• Access Point. Use this mode if you want to extend your network by allowing
network devices to connect to the MWR222 wirelessly. Go to AP Mode to view the
Status screen in this mode.
• WISP mode. Use this mode if there is an existing access point in the network to
which you want to connect your local network. Go to WISP Mode S to view the
Status screen in this mode.
The following figure is a simple illustration of the device configuration modes of
the MWR222.
Figure 12 Device Mode Example
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For more information on these modes and to change the mode of your MWR222,
refer to Chapter 30.
Note: Choose your Device Mode carefully to avoid having to change it later.
When changing to another mode, the IP address of the MWR222 changes. The
running applications and services of the network devices connected to the
MWR222 can be interrupted.
In WISP mode, you should know the SSID and wireless security details of the
access point to which you want to connect.
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5. Router Mode
5.1 Overview
The MWR222 is set to router mode by default. Routers are used to connect the local
network to another network (for example, the Internet). In the figure below, the
MWR222 connects the local network (LAN1) to the Internet.
Figure 13 MWR222 Network
Note: The Status screen is shown in the Web Configurator. It varies depending on the
device mode of your MWR222.
5.2 What You Can Do
Use the Status screen to view read-only information about your MWR222.
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5.3 Status Screen
Click
to open the status screen.
Figure 14 Status Screen: Router Mode
The following table describes the icons shown in the Status screen:
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Table 9 Status Screen Icon Key: Router Mode
ICON
DESCRIPTION
Click this icon to view copyright and a link for related product information.
Select a number of seconds or None from the drop-down list box to refresh
all screen statistics automatically at the end of every time interval or to not
refresh the screen statistics.
Click this button to refresh the status screen statistics.
Click this icon to see the Status page. The information in this screen
depends on the device mode you select.
Click this icon to see the Monitor navigation menu.
Click this icon to see the Configuration navigation menu.
Click this icon to see the Maintenance navigation menu.
The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 10 Status Screen: Router Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Logout
Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name
This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance > General
screen. It is for identification purposes.
Firmware Version
This is the firmware version.
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Sys OP Mode
This is the device mode ( Device Modes) to which the MWR222 is set –
Router Mode.
WAN Information
- MAC Address
- Active WAN type
This shows the WAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
This shows the kind of WAN connection is active.
There are two types of WAN: Ethernet and Mobile WAN
- IP Address
This shows the WAN port’s IP address.
- IP Subnet Mask
This shows the WAN port’s subnet mask.
- Default Gateway
This shows the WAN port’s gateway IP address.
- DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or Server.
LAN Information
- MAC Address
This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
- IP Address
This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
- IP Subnet Mask
This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
- DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Server or None.
WLAN Information
- WLAN OP Mode
This is the device mode ( Device Modes) to which the MWR222’s wireless
LAN is set - Access Point Mode.
- MAC Address
This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
- Status
This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON or OFF.
- Name (SSID)
This shows a descriptive name used to identify the MWR222 in the
wireless LAN.
- Channel
This shows the channel number which you select manually.
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- Operating Channel
This field shows the channel number which the MWR222 is currently
using over the wireless LAN.
- Security Mode
This field shows the level of wireless security the MWR222 is using.
- 802.11 Mode
This field shows the wireless standard.
- WPS
This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up, or
Unconfigured if it has not.
Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen.
System Status
Item
This column shows the type of data the MWR222 is recording.
Data
This column shows the actual data recorded by the MWR222.
System Up Time
This is the total time the MWR222 has been on.
Current Date/Time
This field displays your MWR222’s present date and time.
System Resource
- CPU Usage
This field displays the percentage of the MWR222’s processing ability that
is currently in use. When this percentage is close to 100%, the MWR222
is running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve any
more. If you want some applications to have more throughput, you
should turn off other applications (for example, using bandwidth
management.)
- Memory Usage
This shows what percentage of the heap memory the MWR222 is using.
- Battery Usage
This shows the number of level bars that the battery has.
System Setting
- Firewall
This shows whether the firewall is enabled or not.
- Bandwidth
Management
This shows whether the bandwidth management is enabled or not.
- UPnP
This shows whether UPnP is enabled or not.
-
Quota
management
This shows the on/off status of data usage management
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-
Quota Usage
When Quota management is enabled and MWAN is the primary WAN, it
shows the number of MBs that are currently being used.
-
Percentage Usage
When Quota management is enabled and MWAN is the primary WAN, it
shows the percentage of the maximum quota that has been reached.
Interface Status
Interface
This displays the MWR222 port types. The port types are: WAN, LAN,
WLAN and Mobile WAN.
For the LAN and WAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or
Up (line is up or connected).
Status
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when
the WLAN is disabled.
For the Mobile WAN, it displays Down when the mobile WAN is not
connected, Up when the mobile WAN is connected, and Ready when the
mobile WAN is connected in the standby mode.
For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed and duplex setting or N/A
when the line is disconnected.
Rate
For the WAN port, it displays the port speed and duplex setting if you’re
using Ethernet encapsulation and Idle (line (ppp) idle), Dial (starting to
trigger a call) and Drop (dropping a call) if you're using PPPoE or PPTP
encapsulation. This field displays N/A when the line is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the
WLAN is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
Summary
BW MGMT Monitor
DHCP Table
Packet Statistics
WLAN Station Status
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > BW MGMT Monitor screen.
Use this screen to view the amount of network bandwidth that
applications running in the network are using.
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > DHCP Table screen. Use
this screen to view current DHCP client information.
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen.
Use this screen to view port status and packet specific statistics.
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > WLAN Station Status
screen. Use this screen to view the wireless stations that are currently
associated to the MWR222.
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5.3.1 Navigation Panel
Use the sub-menus on the navigation panel to configure MWR222 features.
Figure 15 Navigation Panel: Router Mode
The following table describes the sub-menus.
Table 11 Navigation Panel: Router Mode
LINK
TAB
Status
FUNCTION
This screen shows the MWR222’s general device, system
and interface status information. Use this screen to
access the wizard, and summary statistics tables.
MONITOR
Log
Use this screen to view the list of activities recorded by
your MWR222.
BW MGMT
Use this screen to view the amount of network
bandwidth that applications running in the network
are using.
DHCP Table
Use this screen to view current DHCP client information.
Packet
Statistics
Use this screen to view port status and packet specific
statistics.
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WLAN Station
Status
Use this screen to view the wireless stations that are
currently associated to the MWR222.
MWAN MGMT
Monitor
Use this screen to view the MWAN connection
information.
CONFIGURATION
Network
Wireless
LAN
General
Use this screen to configure wireless LAN.
MAC Filter
Use the MAC filter screen to configure the MWR222 to
block access to devices or block the devices from
accessing the MWR222.
Advanced
This screen allows you to configure advanced wireless
settings.
QoS
Use this screen to configure Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of
Service (WMM QoS). WMM QoS allows you to prioritize
wireless traffic according to the delivery requirements of
individual services.
WPS
Use this screen to configure WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup).
WPS
Station
Use this screen to add a wireless station using WPS (Wi-Fi
Protected Setup).
Scheduling
Use this screen to schedule the times the Wireless LAN is
enabled.
WDS
Use this screen to set up Wireless Distribution System
(WDS) on your MWR222. See Chapter 9.12 for more
information on the Wireless Distribution System.
Wired WAN
This screen allows you to configure ISP parameters, WAN
IP address assignment, DNS servers and the WAN MAC
address for your Wired WAN connection.
Mobile WAN
This screen allows you to configure mobile ISP
parameters, WAN IP address assignment, Data Usage,
Failover, DNS servers, and the WAN MAC address for your
Mobile WAN connection.
WAN
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Advanced
Use this screen to configure other advanced properties.
IGMP
Snooping
Use this screen to enable IGMP snooping if you have LAN
users that subscribe to multicast services.
LAN
IP
DHCP
Server
IP Alias
Use this screen to have the MWR222 apply IP alias to
create LAN subnets.
General
Use this screen to enable the MWR222’s DHCP server.
See Chapter 12 for more information about DHCP.
Advanced
NAT
Static
Route
Use this screen to assign IP addresses to specific
individual computers based on their MAC addresses and
to have DNS servers assigned by the DHCP server.
General
Use this screen to enable NAT. See Chapter 13 for more
information about NAT
Application
Use this screen to configure servers behind the MWR222.
Advanced
Use this screen to change your MWR222’s port triggering
settings.
General
Use this screen to set up dynamic DNS. See Chapter 14
for more information about DDNS.
General
Use this screen to set up OpenDNS.
IP Static
Route
Use this screen to configure IP static routes.
DDNS
OpenDNS
Use this screen to configure LAN IP address and subnet
mask.
RIP
Use this screen to enable RIPv1 or RIPv2, which are LAN
broadcast protocols.
Security
Firewall
General
Use this screen to activate/deactivate the firewall.
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Services
Content Filter
This screen shows a summary of the firewall rules, and
allows you to edit/add a firewall rule.
Use this screen to block certain web features and sites
containing certain keywords in the URL.
Management
Bandwidth
Management
Remote
Management
UPnP
General
Use this screen to enable bandwidth management.
Advanced
Use this screen to set the upstream bandwidth and edit a
bandwidth management rule.
Monitor
Use this screen to view the amount of network
bandwidth that applications running in the network
are using.
WWW
Use this screen to be able to access the MWR222
from the LAN, WAN or both.
SNMP
Use this screen to set up the MWR2215 to manage
it using and SNMP v1 management program.
General
Use this screen to enable UPnP on the MWR222.
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MAINTENANCE
General
Password
Time
Use this screen to view and change administrative
settings such as system and domain names.
Password
Setup
Use this screen to change the password of your MWR222.
Time
Setting
Use this screen to change your MWR222’s time and date.
Firmware
Upgrade
Use this screen to upload firmware to your MWR222.
Backup/
Restore/
Reset
Restart
Use this screen to backup and restore the configuration or
reset the factory defaults to your MWR222.
Restart
Sys OP
Mode
Alert
This screen allows you to reboot the MWR222 without
turning the power off.
This screen allows you to select whether your device acts
as a Router or a Access Point.
Use this screen to set up alerts.
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6. Access Point Mode
6.1 Overview
Use your MWR222 as an access point (AP) if you already have a router or
gateway on your network. In this mode your MWR222 bridges a wired network
(LAN) and wireless LAN (WLAN) in the same subnet. See the figure below for an
example.
Figure 16 Wireless Internet Access in Access Point Mode
Many screens that are available in Router mode are not available in Access Point
mode, such as bandwidth management and firewall.
Note: See Chapter 10 for an example of setting up a wireless network in Access Point
mode.
6.2 What You Can Do
• Use the Status screen to view read-only information about your MWR222.
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• Use the LAN screen to set the IP address for your MWR222 acting as an access
point.
6.3 What You Need to Know
See Chapter 10 for a tutorial on setting up a network with the MWR222 as an
access point.
6.3.1 Setting your MWR222 to AP Mode
1
Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already. See the Quick Start
Guide for instructions on how to do this.
2
To use your MWR222 as an access point, go to Maintenance > Sys OP
Mode > General and select Access Point mode.
Figure 17 Changing to Access Point mode
Note: You have to log in to the Web Configurator again when you change modes. As
soon as you do, your MWR222 is already in Access Point mode.
3
When you select Access Point Mode, the following pop-up message
window appears.
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Figure 18 Pop up for Access Point mode
Click OK. The Web Configurator refreshes once the change to Access Point mode
is successful.
6.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in Access Point
Mode
Log in to the Web Configurator in Access Point mode, do the following:
1
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the MWR222.
2
The default IP address of the MWR222 is “192.168.10.2”. In this case,
your computer must have an IP address in the range between
“192.168.10.3” and “192.168.10.254”.
3
Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog
box to open the Command Prompt. Once in the Command Prompt, type
“ipconfig” and press enter to show your computer’s IP address. If your
computer’s IP address is not in the correct range then see Appendix C for
information on changing your computer’s IP address.
4
After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as
Internet Explorer and type “192.168.10.2” as the web address in your web
browser.
Note: After clicking Login, see the screens described in the following sections.
6.3.3 Configuring your WLAN, Bandwidth
Management and Maintenance Settings
The configuration of wireless, bandwidth management and maintenance settings
in Access Point mode is the same as for Router Mode.
• See Chapter 10 for information on configuring your wireless network.
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• See Chapter 20 for information on configuring your Bandwidth Management
screen.
• See Maintenance and Troubleshooting for information on configuring your
Maintenance settings.
6.4 AP Mode Status Screen
Click
to open the Status screen.
Figure 19 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 12 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Logout
Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
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Host Name
This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance > General
screen. It is for identification purposes.
Firmware Version
This is the firmware version and the date created.
Sys OP Mode
This is the device mode ( Device Modes) to which the MWR222 is set Access Point Mode.
LAN Information
- MAC Address
This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
- IP Address
This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
- IP Subnet Mask
This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
- DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Server, Client or None.
WLAN Information
- WLAN OP Mode
This is the device mode ( Device Modes) to which the MWR222’s wireless
LAN is set - Access Point Mode.
- MAC Address
This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
- Status
This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON or OFF.
- Name (SSID)
This shows a descriptive name used to identify the MWR222 in the
wireless LAN.
- Channel
This shows the channel number which you select manually.
- Operating Channel
This shows the channel number which the MWR222 is currently using
over the wireless LAN.
- Security Mode
This shows the level of wireless security the MWR222 is using.
- 802.11 Mode
This shows the wireless standard.
This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up.
- WPS
This displays Unconfigured if the WPS has not been set up.
Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen.
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System Status
Item
This column shows the type of data the MWR222 is recording.
Data
This column shows the actual data recorded by the MWR222.
System Up Time
This is the total time the MWR222 has been on.
Current Date/Time
This field displays your MWR222’s present date and time.
System Resource
- CPU Usage
This displays what percentage of the MWR222’s processing ability is
currently used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the MWR222 is
running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore.
If you want some applications to have more throughput, you should turn
off other applications (for example, using bandwidth management.
- Memory Usage
This shows what percentage of the heap memory the MWR222 is using.
System Setting
Interface Status
Interface
Status
This displays the MWR222 port types. The port types are: LAN and
WLAN.
For the LAN and WAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or
Up (line is up or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when
the WLAN is disabled.
For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed and duplex setting or N/A
when the line is disconnected.
Rate
For the WAN port, it displays the port speed and duplex setting if you’re
using Ethernet encapsulation and Idle (line (ppp) idle), Dial (starting to
trigger a call) and Drop (dropping a call) if you're using PPPoE or PPTP
encapsulation. This field displays N/A when the line is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the
WLAN is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
Summary
Packet Statistics
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen.
Use this screen to view port status and packet specific statistics.
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WLAN Station Status
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > WLAN Station Status
screen. Use this screen to view the wireless stations that are currently
associated to the MWR222.
6.4.1 Navigation Panel
Use the menu in the navigation panel to configure MWR222 features in Access
Point mode.
The following screen and table show the features you can configure in Access
Point mode.
Figure 20 Menu: Access Point Mode
Refer to Table 11 Navigation Panel: Router Mod for descriptions of the labels
shown in the Navigation panel.
6.5 LAN Screen
Use this section to configure your LAN settings while in Access Point mode.
Click Network > LAN to see the screen below.
Note: If you change the IP address of the MWR222 in the screen below, you will
need to log into the MWR222 again using the new IP address.
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Figure 21 Network > LAN > IP
The table below describes the labels in the screen.
Table 13 Network > LAN > IP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Click this to deploy the MWR222 as an access point in the network.
Get from
DHCP Server
When you enable this, the MWR222 gets its IP address from the
network’s DHCP server (for example, your ISP). Users connected to the
MWR222 can now access the network (i.e., the Internet if the IP address
is given by the ISP).
The Web Configurator may no longer be accessible unless you know the
IP address assigned by the DHCP server to the MWR222. You need to
reset the MWR222 to be able to access the Web Configurator again.
Also when you select this, you cannot enter an IP address for your
MWR222 in the field below.
Use Defined
LAN IP
Address
Click this if you want to specify the IP address of your MWR222. Or if
your ISP or network administrator gave you a static IP address to access
the network or the Internet.
IP Address
Type the IP address in dotted decimal notation. The default setting is
192.168.10.2. If you change the IP address you will have to log in again
with the new IP address.
IP Subnet
Mask
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address.
Your MWR222 will automatically calculate the subnet mask based on the
IP address that you assign. Unless you are implementing subnetting, use
the subnet mask computed by the MWR222.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter a Gateway IP Address (if your ISP or network administrator gave
you one) in this field.
DNS Assignment
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Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server information
(and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the right displays the
(read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP assigns.
First DNS
Server
Second DNS
Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server. Enter
the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you chose UserDefined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0, User-Defined changes
to None after you click Apply. If you set a second choice to UserDefined, and enter the same IP address, the second User-Defined
changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do not
configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a computer in
order to access it.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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7. WISP Mode
7.1 Overview
Your MWR222 can receive a WAN IP address from an 802.11 WIFI connection. In
WISP mode, it can connect to an existing network via an access point. Use this
mode if your Internet Service Provider allows you to connect to their network via
802.11 WIFI. This mode is meant to allow a Public IP address to be received via a
Wi-Fi connection. If when you connect your MWR222 to an access point you
receive a Private IP address (i.e. 192.168.10.1), you may be able to get on line,
but certain applications (gaming, video streaming) may not work.
The WISP mode is not a simple “Wireless Bridge” because in a wireless bridge
there is no routing done on the device. In WISP mode the MWR222 still acts as a
router/firewall and will therefore cause problems if connected to another
router/firewall. The MWR222 must be connecting to some type of non-routing
wireless access point in order to connect properly.
In the example below, the MWR222 is configured in WISP mode The wireless router
has one clients that need to connect to the Internet. The MWR222 wirelessly
connects to the available access point
Figure 22 WISP Mode
After the MWR222 and the access point connect, the MWR222 acquires its Public
WAN IP address from the access point. The clients of the MWR222 can now surf
the Internet.
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7.2 What You Can Do
• Use the Status screen to view read-only information about your MWR222.
• Use the LAN screen to set the IP address for your MWR222 acting as an access
point.
• Use the Wireless LAN screen to associate your MWR222 (acting as a wireless
client) with an existing access point.
7.3 What You Need to Know
With the exception of the LAN screen, the Monitor, Configuration and
Maintenance screens in WISP mode are similar to the ones in Router Mode.
7.3.1 Setting your MWR222 to WISP Mode
1
Log into the Web Configurator if you haven’t already. See the Quick start
Guide for instructions on how to do this.
2
To set your MWR222 to AP Mode, go to Maintenance > Sys OP Mode >
General and select WISP Mode.
Figure 23 Changing to WISP
mode
Note: You have to log in to the Web Configurator again when you change modes. As
soon as you do, your MWR222 is already in WISP mode.
3
When you select WISP Mode, the following pop-up message window
appears.
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Figure 24 Pop up window for WISP mode
Click OK. The Web Configurator refreshes once the change to WISP mode is
successful.
7.3.2 Accessing the Web Configurator in WISP Mode
To login to Web Configurator in WISP mode, do the following
1
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the MWR222.
2
The default IP address of the MWR222 is “192.168.10.1”. If you did not
change this, you can use the same IP address in WISP mode. Open a web
browser such as Internet Explorer and type “192.168.10.1” as the web
address in your web browser.
If you changed the IP address of your MWR222 while in Router Mode, use this IP
address in WISP mode. The WISP mode IP address is always the same as the
Router mode IP address.
Note: After clicking Login, see the screens described in the sections following this.
The WISP mode means using Wi-Fi as WAN, NOT 3G as WAN.
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7.4 WISP Mode Status Screen
Click
to open the status screen.
Figure 25 Status: WISP Mode
The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 14 Status Screen: WISP Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Logout
Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name
This is the System Name you enter in the Maintenance > General
screen. It is for identification purposes.
Firmware Version
This is the firmware version and the date created.
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Sys OP Mode
This is the device mode ( Device Modes) to which the MWR222 is set WISP Mode.
WAN Information
- MAC Address
This shows the WAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
- IP Address
This shows the WAN port’s IP address.
- IP Subnet Mask
This shows the WAN port’s subnet mask.
- Default Gateway
This shows the WAN port’s gateway IP address.
- DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or Server.
LAN Information
- MAC Address
This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
- IP Address
This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
- IP Subnet Mask
This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
- DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Server or None.
WLAN Information
- WLAN OP Mode
This is the device mode ( Device Modes) to which the MWR222’s wireless
LAN is set - Access Point Mode.
- MAC Address
This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
- Status
This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON or OFF.
- Name (SSID)
This shows a descriptive name used to identify the MWR222 in the
wireless LAN.
- Connect Status
This shows whether or not the MWR222 has successfully associated with
an access point - Connected or Disassociated.
- Security Mode
This shows the level of wireless security the MWR222 is using.
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- 802.11 Mode
This shows the wireless standard.
System Status
Item
This column shows the type of data the MWR222 is recording.
Data
This column shows the actual data recorded by the MWR222.
System Up Time
This is the total time the MWR222 has been on.
Current Date/Time
This field displays your MWR222’s present date and time.
System Resource
- CPU Usage
This displays what percentage of the MWR222’s processing ability is
currently used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the MWR222 is
running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore.
If you want some applications to have more throughput, you should turn
off other applications (for example, using bandwidth management.
- Memory Usage
This shows what percentage of the heap memory the MWR222 is using.
System Setting
- Firewall
This shows whether the firewall is enabled or not.
- Bandwidth
Management
This shows whether the bandwidth management is enabled or not.
- UPnP
This shows whether UPnP is enabled or not.
- Configuration Mode
This shows the web configurator mode you are viewing - Expert.
Interface Status
Interface
Status
This displays the MWR222 port types. The port types are: LAN and
WLAN.
For the LAN and WAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or
Up (line is up or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when
the WLAN is disabled.
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For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed and duplex setting or N/A
when the line is disconnected.
Rate
For the WAN port, it displays the port speed and duplex setting if you’re
using Ethernet encapsulation and Idle (line (ppp) idle), Dial (starting to
trigger a call) and Drop (dropping a call) if you're using PPPoE or PPTP
encapsulation. This field displays N/A when the line is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the
WLAN is enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
Summary
BW MGMT Monitor
DHCP Table
Packet Statistics
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > BW MGMT Monitor screen.
Use this screen to view the amount of network bandwidth that
applications running in the network are using.
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > DHCP Table screen. Use
this screen to view current DHCP client information.
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen.
Use this screen to view port status and packet specific statistics.
7.5 Wireless LAN General Screen
Use this screen to configure the wireless LAN settings of your MWR222. Go to
Configuration > Wireless LAN > General to open the following screen.
Figure 26 WISP Mode: LAN > General Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 15 WISP Mode: LAN > General Screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Network
Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Security
Mode
Select the security mode of the access point to which you want to
connect.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
7.5.1 No Security
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect does not use
encryption.
Figure 27 No Security (WISP)
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 16 No Security (WISP)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Network
Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Security
Mode
Select No Security in this field.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
7.5.2 Static WEP
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect to uses WEP
security mode.
Figure 28 WEP (WISP)
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 17 WEP (WISP)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Network
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Name (SSID)
Security
Security
Mode
Select Static WEP to enable data encryption.
Passphrase
Enter a Passphrase (up to 26 printable characters) and click Generate.
A passphrase functions like a password. In WEP security mode, it
is further converted by the MWR222 into a complicated string that
is referred to as the “key.” This key is requested from all devices
wishing to connect to a wireless network.
WEP
Encryption
Select 64-bit WEP or 128-bit WEP.
Authenticatio
n Method
Select Auto or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to
use.
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP
key to login to the wireless client. Keep this setting at Auto unless you
want to force a key verification before communication between the
wireless client and the ZyXEL device occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to
communication.
ASCII
Select this option in order to enter ASCII characters as WEP key.
Hex
Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key.
The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered
automatically.
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Key 1 to Key
4
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the MWR222 and the
wireless stations must use the same WEP key for data transmission.
If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any
one time. The default key is key 1.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
7.5.3 WPA(2)-Personal/Enterprise
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect uses WPA(2)Personal/Enterprise security mode.
Figure 29 WPA-PSK/WPA2Personal/Enterprise (WISP)
The following table describes the labels in this screen. .
Table 18 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK (WISP)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
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Network Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Security
Encryption
Type
Select the type of wireless encryption employed by the access point to
which you want to connect.
Pre-Shared Key
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for
authentication.
Type the pre-shared key employed by the access point to which you
want to connect.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
7.5.4 Advance Screen
Use this screen to enable the power saving mode of your MWR222. Go to
Configuration > Wireless LAN to open the following screen.
Figure 30 Configuration > Wireless LAN > Advance Screen (WISP)
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 19 Configuration > Wireless LAN > Advance Screen (WISP)
LABEL
Power
Saving Mode
RTS
Threshold
Fragment
Threshold
DESCRIPTION
Select CAM (Constantly Awake Mode) if you do not want your
MWR222 to go to “sleep” when no wireless activity is detected in the
Wireless LAN.
Select Power Saving Mode if you want the MWR222 to go to sleep when
no wireless connection is needed for a period of time. This means the
MWR222 consumes less electrical power.
This is the maximum data fragment size that can be sent in a wireless
network before the AP fragments the packet into smaller data frames.
This value controls how often wireless clients must get permission to send
information to the AP. The lower the value, the more often the wireless
clients must get permission. If this value is greater than the
fragmentation threshold value, then wireless clients never have to get
permission to send information to the AP.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
7.5.5 Site Survey
Use this screen to view nearby wireless networks and select one to connect to in
WISP mode. Go to Configuration > Wireless LAN to open the following screen.
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Figure 31 Configuration > Wireless LAN > Site Survey (WISP)
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 20 Configuration > Wireless LAN > Site Survey (WISP)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Station Site Survey
#
Use this option to select the wireless network you want to connect to.
SSID
This displays the Network Name (SSID) of the wireless networks close
to you.
This displays the MAC address of the wireless device listed.
BSSID
Signal Strength
This displays the strength of the wireless network.
Channel
This displays the wireless channel used by the wireless network.
Station Encryp
This displays the encryption type used by the wireless network.
Station Auth
This displays the authentication method used by the wireless network.
Network Type
This displays the network type being used by the wireless network.
Rescan
Scan for wireless networks.
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Setting
Click this after selecting a network to set the
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8 Tutorials
8.1 Overview
This chapter provides tutorials for your MWR222 as follows:
• Wired and Wireless 3G connection to the Internet
• Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point
• Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS
• 8.5 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (N
8.2 Connecting to the Internet
When first connecting your MWR222 to a wired or wireless 3G Internet
connection, you will want to ensure you are connecting with the best possible
settings for the modem being used. This section will give you a general example
of the best practices for the most common Internet connection methods.
MWR222 uses one active WAN connection at any given time. If both wired WAN and mobile
WAN are connected to the Internet, MWR222 will use the wired WAN for Internet
communication. If the wired WAN connection is dropped for any reason, MWR222 will
automatically use mobile WAN for Internet communication.
On the other hand, if the mobile WAN is the only Internet connection, then the wired WAN is
connected, MWR222 will automatically use the wired WAN for Internet communication.
8.2.1 DSL Modem
If your internet connection comes from a DSL modem you will want to follow
these steps to best prepare your modem to connect with the MWR222.
•
Contact your ISP (Internet Service Provider) and ask them to help you
“bridge” your DSL modem.
•
Find out from your ISP what the “PPPoE Username and Password” are for
your Internet connection.
•
Once the DSL modem has been bridged, connect it (by Ethernet cord) to
the WAN port of the MWR222 (MWR222 has only one Ethernet port, and it
is configured to be a LAN port by default. So user has to change the
configuration first so that the Ethernet port can act as the WAN port. Once
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this is done user can no longer use the wired connection for the web
configurator.)
•
Open your browser and log into the MWR222. Click on Configuration >
Network > Wired WAN, for the encryption select “PPPoE” and enter your
PPPoE “Username and Password.”
8.2.2 Cable Modem
•
Connect the cable modem to your MWR222 on the WAN port. (MWR222
has only one Ethernet port, and it is configured to be a LAN port by
default. So user has to change the configuration first so that the Ethernet
port can act as the WAN port. Once this is done user can no longer use the
wired connection for the web configurator.)
•
Unplug the power to your cable modem. Depending on your cable modem,
it may also have a backup battery inside. Remove this battery and
completely power down the cable modem. Let it sit from 2 to 3 minutes
and then reconnect the battery and power to the cable modem.
•
If the router is set with its default settings it should automatically connect
to the Internet.
8.2.3 3G USB Adapter
•
Activate the 3G USB adapter on a PC first, using the software provided by
the ISP.
•
Connect the 3G USB adapter to the USB port on the back of the MWR222
•
Log into your MWR222 using your computer’s browser.
•
Click on the Configuration tab at the left side of the screen.
•
Click on “Network” under the configuration tab, and then click on “WAN”.
•
On the WAN configuration page, click on the Mobile WAN tab at the top of
the page. Then fill in the account information you obtained from the
mobile broad band ISP. Make sure you check “Nailed-Up Connection.”
•
After filling in all the account information, click the “Connect” button to
save the information to the router’s memory and make the wireless 3G
connection.
•
The USB LED starts to blink fast, indicating MWR222 is connecting. When
the mobile WAN is connected, the USB LED changes solid on. However, if
the Ethernet port is configured to WAN, and is connected to a wired WAN,
the mobile WAN will be used as the backup WAN so the USB LED shows
slow blinking.
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•
When a 3G USB adapter is removed from the USB port, the USB LED will
turn off in about 10 seconds. Do not re-insert the 3G USB adapter into the
USB port until the USB LED has turned off, or 10 seconds have passed.
•
The Data Usage Count, if enabled, will be written to MWR222 internal
storage when the 3G USB adapter is removed. Do not power off MWR222
before the USB LED has turned off, or 10 seconds have passed.
8.3 Connecting to Internet from an Access
Point
This section gives you an example of how to set up an access point (AP) and
wireless client (a notebook (B), in this example) for wireless communication. B
can access the Internet through the access point wirelessly When the MWR is
configured in AP mode, it has to connect to a broadband gateway (wired or
wireless router with broadband connection) . Local computer(s) can get IP via
wireless connection passed by MWR from the broadband gateway, then gain
Internet access.
Figure 32 Wireless Access Point mode
Internet
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8.4 Configuring Wireless Security Using
WPS
This section gives you an example of how to set up wireless network using WPS.
This example uses the MWR222 as the AP and NWD210N as the wireless client
which connects to a notebook.
Note: The wireless client must be a WPS-aware device (for example, a WPS USB
adapter or PCI card).
There are two WPS methods for creating a secure connection. This tutorial shows
you how to do both.
• Push Button Configuration (PBC) - create a secure wireless network simply by
pressing a button. See 8.4.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC).This is the easier
method.
• PIN Configuration - create a secure wireless network simply by entering a
wireless client's PIN (Personal Identification Number) in the MWR222’s interface.
See 8.4.2 PIN Configuration. This is the more secure method, since one device
can authenticate the other.
8.4.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC)
1
Make sure that your MWR222 is turned on and that it is within range of
your computer.
2
Make sure that you have installed the wireless client (this example uses
the NWD210N) driver and utility in your notebook.
3
In the wireless client utility, find the WPS settings. Enable WPS and press
the WPS button (Start or WPS button)
4
Log into MWR222’s Web Configurator and press the Push Button button
in the Network > Wireless Client > WPS Station screen.
Note: Your MWR222 has a WPS button located on its panel, as well as a WPS
button in its configuration utility. Both buttons have exactly the same function; you
can use one or the other.
Note: It doesn’t matter which button is pressed first. You must press the second
button within two minutes of pressing the first one.
The MWR222 sends the proper configuration settings to the wireless client. This
may take up to two minutes. Then the wireless client is able to communicate with
the MWR222 securely.
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The following figure shows you an example to set up wireless network and
security by pressing a button on both MWR222 and wireless client (the NWD210N
in this example).
Figure 33 Example WPS Process: PBC Method
8.4.2 PIN Configuration
When you use the PIN configuration method, you need to use both MWR222’s
configuration interface and the client’s utilities.
1
Launch your wireless client’s configuration utility. Go to the WPS settings
and select the PIN method to get a PIN number.
2
Enter the PIN number to the PIN field in the Network > Wireless LAN >
WPS Station screen on the MWR222.
3
Click Start buttons (or button next to the PIN field) on both the wireless
client utility screen and the MWR222’s WPS Station screen within two
minutes.
The MWR222 authenticates the wireless client and sends the proper configuration
settings to the wireless client. This may take up to two minutes. Then the
wireless client is able to communicate with the MWR222 securely.
The following figure shows you how to set up wireless network and security on
MWR222 and wireless client (ex. NWD210N in this example) by using PIN
method.
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Figure 34 Example WPS Process: PIN Method
8.5 Enabling and Configuring Wireless
Security (No WPS)
This example shows you how to configure wireless security settings with the
following parameters on your MWR222.
SSID
SSID_Example3
Channel
6
Security
WPA-PSK
(Pre-Shared Key: ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey)
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Follow the steps below to configure the wireless settings on your MWR222.
The instructions require that your hardware is connected (see the Quick Start
Guide) and you are logged into the Web Configurator through your LAN
connection.
1
Open the Wireless LAN > General screen in the AP’s Web Configurator.
2
Make sure the Enable Wireless LAN check box is selected.
3
Enter SSID_Example3 as the SSID and select a channel.
4
Set security mode to WPA-PSK and enter ThisismyWPA-PSKpresharedkey in the Pre-Shared Key field. Click Apply.
Figure 35 Tutorial: Network > Wireless LAN > General
5
Open the Status screen. Verify your wireless and wireless security
settings under Device Information and check if the WLAN connection is
up under Interface Status.
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Figure 36 Tutorial: Checking Wireless Settings
8.5.1 Configure Your Notebook
Note: We use the ZyXEL M-302 wireless adapter utility screens as an example for the
wireless client. The screens may vary for different models.
1
The MWR222 supports IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g and IEEE 802.11n
wireless clients. Make sure that your notebook or computer’s wireless
adapter supports one of these standards.
2
Wireless adapters come with software sometimes called a “utility” that you
install on your computer. See your wireless adapter’s User’s Guide for
information on how to do that.
3
After you’ve installed the utility, open it. If you cannot see your utility’s
icon on your screen, go to Start > Programs and click on your utility in
the list of programs that appears. The utility displays a list of APs within
range, as shown in the example screen below.
4
Select SSID_Example3 and click Connect.
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Figure 37 Connecting a Wireless Client to a Wireless Network
5
Select WPA-PSK and type the security key in the following screen. Click
Next.
Figure 38 Security Settings
6
The Confirm Save window appears. Check your settings and click Save
to continue.
Figure 39 Confirm Save
7
Check the status of your wireless connection in the screen below. If your
wireless connection is weak or you have no connection, see the
Troubleshooting section of this User’s Guide.
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Figure 40 Link Status
If your connection is successful, open your Internet browser and enter
http://us.zyxel.com or the URL of any other web site in the address bar. If you
are able to access the web site, your wireless connection is successfully
configured.
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Part II
Network
Wireless LAN
WAN
LAN
DHCP Server
Network Address Translation (NAT)
Dynamic DNS
OpenDNS
Static Route
RIP
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9 Wireless LAN
9.1 Overview
This chapter discusses how to configure the wireless network settings in your
MWR222. See the appendices for more detailed information about wireless
networks.
The following figure provides an example of a wireless network.
Figure 41 Example of a Wireless
Network
The wireless network is the part in the blue circle. In this wireless network,
devices A and B are called wireless clients. The wireless clients use the access
point (AP) to interact with other devices (such as the printer) or with the
Internet. Your MWR222 is the AP.
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9.2 What You Can Do
• Use the General screen to enable the Wireless LAN, enter the SSID and select
the wireless security mode.
• Use the MAC Filter screen to allow or deny wireless stations based on their MAC
addresses from connecting to the MWR222.
• Use the Advanced screen to allow wireless advanced features, such as intraBSS networking and set the RTS/CTS Threshold.
• Use the QoS screen to set priority levels to services, such as e-mail, VoIP, chat,
and so on.
• Use the WPS screen to quickly set up a wireless network with strong security,
without having to configure security settings manually.
• Use the WPS Station screen to add a wireless station using WPS.
• Use the Scheduling screen to set the times your wireless LAN is turned on and
off.
• Use the WDS screen to configure Wireless Distribution System on your MWR222.
9.3 What You Should Know
Every wireless network must follow these basic guidelines.
• Every wireless client in the same wireless network must use the same SSID.
The SSID is the name of the wireless network. It stands for Service Set IDentity.
• If two wireless networks overlap, they should use different channels.
Like radio stations or television channels, each wireless network uses a specific
channel, or frequency, to send and receive information.
• Every wireless client in the same wireless network must use security compatible
with the AP.
Security stops unauthorized devices from using the wireless network. It can also
protect the information that is sent in the wireless network.
9.3.1 Wireless Security Overview
The following sections introduce different types of wireless security you can set
up in the wireless network.
9.3.1.1
SSID
Normally, the AP acts like a beacon and regularly broadcasts the SSID in the
area. You can hide the SSID instead, in which case the AP does not broadcast the
SSID. In addition, you should change the default SSID to something that is
difficult to guess.
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This type of security is fairly weak, however, because there are ways for
unauthorized devices to get the SSID. In addition, unauthorized devices can still
see the information that is sent in the wireless network.
9.3.1.2
MAC Address Filter
Every wireless client has a unique identification number, called a MAC address. 1 A
MAC address is usually written using twelve hexadecimal characters 2; for
example, 00A0C5000002 or 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. To get the MAC address for
each wireless client, see the appropriate User’s Guide or other documentation.
You can use the MAC address filter to tell the AP which wireless clients are
allowed or not allowed to use the wireless network. If a wireless client is allowed
to use the wireless network, it still has to have the correct settings (SSID,
channel, and security). If a wireless client is not allowed to use the wireless
network, it does not matter if it has the correct settings.
This type of security does not protect the information that is sent in the wireless
network. Furthermore, there are ways for unauthorized devices to get the MAC
address of an authorized wireless client. Then, they can use that MAC address to
use the wireless network.
9.3.1.3
Encryption
Wireless networks can use encryption to protect the information that is sent in
the wireless network. Encryption is like a secret code. If you do not know the
secret code, you cannot understand the message.
The types of encryption you can choose depend on the type of user
authentication.
Table 21 Types of Encryption for
Each Type of Authentication
NO AUTHENTICATION
Weakest
No Security
WEP
1
Some wireless devices, such as scanners, can detect wireless networks but cannot use wireless networks.
These kinds of wireless devices might not have MAC addresses.
2
Hexadecimal characters are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F.
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WPA-Personal (TKIP)
WPA-Enterprise
Strongest
WPA2-Personal (AES)
WPA2-Enterprise
Usually, you should set up the strongest encryption that every wireless client in
the wireless network supports. Suppose the wireless network has two wireless
clients. Device A only supports WEP, and device B supports WEP and WPA-PSK.
Therefore, you should set up WEP in the wireless network.
Note: It is recommended that wireless networks use WPA-Personal/Enterprise or
stronger encryption. IEEE 802.1x and WEP encryption are better than none at all, but
it is still possible for unauthorized devices to figure out the original information pretty
quickly.
When you select WPA2-Personal/Enterprise in your MWR222, you can also
select an option (WPA Compatible) to support WPA as well. In this case, if some
wireless clients support WPA and some support WPA2, you should set up WPA2Personal/Enterprise (depending on the type of wireless network login) and
select the WPA Compatible option in the MWR222.
Many types of encryption use a key to protect the information in the wireless
network. The longer the key, the stronger the encryption. Every wireless client in
the wireless network must have the same key.
9.3.1.4
WPS
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is an industry standard specification, defined by the
Wi-Fi Alliance. WPS allows you to quickly set up a wireless network with strong
security, without having to configure security settings manually. Depending on
the devices in your network, you can either press a button (on the device itself or
in its configuration utility) or enter a PIN (Personal Identification Number) in the
devices. Then, they connect and set up a secure network by themselves.
9.3.1.5
WDS
Wireless Distribution System or WDS security is used between bridged APs. It is
independent of the security between the wired networks and their respective APs.
If you do not enable WDS security, traffic between APs is not encrypted. When
WDS security is enabled, both APs must use the same pre-shared key.
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9.4 General Wireless LAN Screen
Use this screen to enable the Wireless LAN, enter the SSID and select the
wireless security mode.
Note: If you are configuring the MWR222 from a computer connected to the wireless
LAN and you change the MWR222’s SSID, channel or security settings, you will
lose your wireless connection when you press Apply to confirm. You must then
change the wireless settings of your computer to match the MWR222’s new
settings.
Click Network > Wireless LAN to open the General screen.
Figure 42 Network > Wireless LAN > General
The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen.
Table 22 Network > Wireless LAN > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
This is turned on by default.
Wireless LAN
You can turn the wireless LAN on or off using the switch at the rear panel
of the MWR222. The current wireless state is reflected in this field.
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Network
Name(SSID)
Name
(SSID1,
SSID2,
SSID3)
Hide SSID
(Service Set IDentity) The SSID identifies the Service Set with which a
wireless station is associated. Wireless stations associating to the
MWR222 must have the same SSID. Enter a descriptive name (up to 32
keyboard characters) for the wireless LAN.
Select this check box to hide the SSID in the outgoing beacon frame so a
station cannot obtain the SSID through scanning using a site survey tool.
Set the operating frequency/channel depending on your particular region.
Channel
Selection
Select a channel from the drop-down list box. The options vary
depending on the frequency band and the country you are in.
This option is only available if Auto Channel Selection is disabled.
Note to US model owner: To comply with US FCC regulation, the
country selection function has been completely removed from all
US models. The above function is for non-US models only.
Operating
Channel
This displays the channel the MWR222 is currently using.
See the rest of this chapter for information on the other labels in this screen.
9.5 Security
9.5.1 No Security
Select No Security to allow wireless stations to communicate with the access
points without any data encryption.
Note: If you do not enable any wireless security on your MWR222, your network is
accessible to any wireless networking device that is within range.
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Figure 43 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security
WPA2-PSK has been reworded to WPA-Personal and WPA2-Personal)
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 23 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Security
Mode
Choose No Security from the drop-down list box.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Refer to Table 22 Network > Wireless LAN > General for descriptions of the
other labels in this screen.
9.5.2 WEP Encryption
WEP encryption scrambles the data transmitted between the wireless stations and
the access points to keep network communications private. It encrypts unicast
and multicast communications in a network. Both the wireless stations and the
access points must use the same WEP key.
Your MWR222 allows you to configure up to four 64-bit or 128-bit WEP keys but
only one key can be enabled at any one time.
In order to configure and enable WEP encryption, click Network > Wireless
LAN to display the General screen. Select Static WEP from the Security Mode
list.
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Figure 44 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static
WEP
The following table describes the wireless LAN security labels in this screen.
Table 24 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Security
Mode
Select Static WEP to enable data encryption.
Enter a Passphrase (up to 26 printable characters) and click Generate.
Passphrase
A passphrase functions like a password. In WEP security mode, it is
further converted by the MWR222 into a complicated string that is
referred to as the “key”. This key is requested from all devices wishing to
connect to a wireless network.
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WEP
Encryption
Select 64-bit WEP or 128-bit WEP.
This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to
use.
Select Auto or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
Authenticatio
n Method
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP
key to login to the wireless client. Keep this setting at Auto unless you
want to force a key verification before communication between the
wireless client and the ZyXEL Device occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to
communication.
ASCII
Select this option in order to enter ASCII characters as WEP key.
Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key.
Hex
The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered
automatically.
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the MWR222 and the
wireless stations must use the same WEP key for data transmission.
Key 1 to Key
4
If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26
hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any
one time. The default key is key 1.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Refer to Table 22 Network > Wireless LAN > General for descriptions of the
other labels in this screen.
9.5.3 WPA-Personal/Enterprise/WPA2Personal/Enterprise
Click Network > Wireless LAN to display the General screen. Select WPAPersoanl/Enterprise or WPA2-Personal/Enterprise from the Security Mode
list.
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Figure 45 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 25 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-Personal/Enterprise/WPA2Persional/Enterprise
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Security Mode
Select WPA-Personal/Enterprise or WPA2-Personal/Enterprise
to enable data encryption.
WPACompatible
Pre-Shared Key
Group Key
Update Timer
Apply
This field appears when you choose WPA2-Personal/Enterprise as
the Security Mode.
Check this field to allow wireless devices using WPAPersonal/Enterprise security mode to connect to your MWR222.
WPA-Personal/Enterprise/WPA2-Personal/Enterprise uses a
simple common password for authentication.
Type a pre-shared key from 8 to 63 case-sensitive keyboard
characters.
The Group Key Update Timer is the rate at which the AP sends a
new group key out to all clients.
The default is 3600 seconds (60 minutes).
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
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Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
Refer to Table 22 Network > Wireless LAN > Gener for descriptions of the other
labels in this screen.
9.6 MAC Filter
The MAC filter screen allows you to configure the MWR222 to give exclusive
access to devices (Allow) or exclude devices from accessing the MWR222 (Deny).
Every Ethernet device has a unique MAC (Media Access Control) address. The
MAC address is assigned at the factory and consists of six pairs of hexadecimal
characters, for example, 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. You need to know the MAC address
of the devices to configure this screen.
To change your MWR222’s MAC filter settings, click Network > Wireless LAN >
MAC Filter. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 46 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC
Filter
The following table describes the labels in this menu.
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Table 26 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Access Policy
Define the filter action for the list of MAC addresses in the MAC Address
table.
Policy
Select Allow to permit access to the MWR222, MAC addresses not listed
will be denied access to the MWR222.
Select Reject to block access to the MWR222, MAC addresses not listed
will be allowed to access the MWR222
Add a
station Mac
Address
Enter the MAC addresses of the wireless station that are allowed or denied
access to the MWR222 in these address fields. Enter the MAC addresses in
a valid MAC address format, that is, six hexadecimal character pairs, for
example, 12:34:56:78:9a:bc. Click Add.
MAC Filter Summary
Delete
Click the delete icon to remove the MAC address from the list.
MAC
Address
This is the MAC address of the wireless station that are allowed or denied
access to the MWR222.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.7 Wireless LAN Advanced Screen
Use this screen to allow wireless advanced features, such as intra-BSS
networking and set the RTS/CTS Threshold
Click Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced. The screen appears as shown.
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Figure 47 Network > Wireless LAN >
Advanced
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 27 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
LABEL
RTS/CTS
Threshold
Fragmentation
Threshold
DESCRIPTION
Data with its frame size larger than this value will perform the RTS
(Request To Send)/CTS (Clear To Send) handshake.
Enter a value between 256 and 2432.
The threshold (number of bytes) for the fragmentation boundary for
directed messages. It is the maximum data fragment size that can be
sent. Enter an even number between 256 and 2346.
A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between
wireless clients or between a wireless client and a wired network client go
through one access point (AP).
Enable IntraBSS Traffic
Intra-BSS traffic is traffic between wireless clients in the BSS. When
Intra-BSS is enabled, wireless client A and B can access the wired
network and communicate with each other. When Intra-BSS is disabled,
wireless client A and B can still access the wired network but cannot
communicate with each other.
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Output
Power
Set the output power of the MWR222 in this field. If there is a high
density of APs in an area, decrease the output power of the MWR222 to
reduce interference with other APs. Select one of the following 100%,
90%, 75%, 50%, 25%, 10% or Minimum. See the product
specifications for more information on your MWR222’s output power.
HT (High Throughput) Physical Mode - Use the fields below to configure the 802.11
wireless environment of your MWR222.
Choose this according to the wireless mode(s) used in your network.
Operating
Mode
Mixed Mode - Select this if the wireless clients in your network use
different wireless modes (for example, IEEE 802.11b/g and IEEE 802.1n
modes)
Green Mode - Select this if the wireless clients in your network uses
only one type of wireless mode (for example, IEEEE 802.11 n only)
Select the channel bandwidth you want to use for your wireless network.
Channel
Bandwidth
Guard
Interval
It is recommended that you select 20/40 (20/40 MHz).
Select 20 MHz if you find you have wireless connectivity issues. Using the
larger channel bandwidth of 20/40 allows for the possibility of more
interference. Use 20 if you have problems connecting from a normal
distance wirelessly.
Select Auto to increase data throughput. However, this may make data
transfer more prone to errors.
Select Long to prioritize data integrity. This may be because your
wireless network is busy and congested or the MWR222 is located in an
environment prone to radio interference.
This is set to Auto by default.
Extension
Channel
If you select 20/40 as your Channel Bandwidth, the extension channel
enables the MWR222 to get higher data throughput. This also lowers
radio interference and traffic.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen
The QoS screen allows you to automatically give a service (such as VoIP and
video) a priority level.
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Click Network > Wireless LAN > QoS. The following screen appears.
Figure 48 Network > Wireless LAN > QoS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 28 Network > Wireless LAN > QoS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable WMM QoS
Check this to have the MWR222 automatically give a service a
priority level according to the ToS value in the IP header of packets
it sends. WMM QoS (Wifi MultiMedia Quality of Service) gives high
priority to voice and video, which makes them run more smoothly.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.9 WPS Screen
Use this screen to enable/disable WPS, view or generate a new PIN number and
check current WPS status. To open this screen, click Network > Wireless LAN
> WPS tab.
Figure 49 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 29 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
WPS Setup
Enable WPS
Select this to enable the WPS feature.
PIN Number
This displays a PIN number last time system generated. Click
Generate to generate a new PIN number.
Status
Status
Release
Configuration
This displays Configured when the MWR222 has connected to a
wireless network using WPS or when Enable WPS is selected and
wireless or wireless security settings have been changed. The current
wireless and wireless security settings also appear in the screen.
This displays Unconfigured if WPS is disabled and there are no
wireless or wireless security changes on the MWR222 or you click
Release_Configuration to remove the configured wireless and
wireless security settings.
This button is only available when the WPS status displays
Configured.
Click this button to remove all configured wireless and wireless security
settings for WPS connections on the MWR222.
802.11 Mode
This is the 802.11 mode used. Only compliant WLAN devices can
associate with the MWR222.
SSID
This is the name of the wireless network.
Security
This is the type of wireless security employed by the network.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Refresh
Click Refresh to get this screen information afresh.
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9.10
WPS Station Screen
Use this screen when you want to add a wireless station using WPS. To open this
screen, click Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station tab.
Note: Note: After you click Push Button on this screen, you have to press a similar
button in the wireless station utility within 2 minutes. To add the second wireless
station, you have to press these buttons on both device and the wireless station
again after the first 2 minutes.
Figure 50 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
Station
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 30 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station
LABEL
Push Button
Or input
station’s PIN
number
DESCRIPTION
Use this button when you use the PBC (Push Button Configuration)
method to configure wireless station’s wireless settings.
Click this to start WPS-aware wireless station scanning and the
wireless security information synchronization.
Use this button when you use the PIN Configuration method to
configure wireless station’s wireless settings. Type the same PIN
number generated in the wireless station’s utility. Then click Start to
associate to each other and perform the wireless security information
synchronization.
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9.11
Scheduling Screen
Use this screen to set the times your wireless LAN is turned on and off. Wireless
LAN scheduling is disabled by default. The wireless LAN can be scheduled to turn
on or off on certain days and at certain times. To open this screen, click Network
> Wireless LAN > Scheduling tab.
Figure 51 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 31 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless LAN Scheduling
Enable Wireless Select this to enable Wireless LAN scheduling.
LAN Scheduling
Scheduling
WLAN Status
Select On or Off to specify whether the Wireless LAN is turned on or
off. This field works in conjunction with the Day and Except for the
following times fields.
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Day
Select Everyday or the specific days to turn the Wireless LAN on or
off. If you select Everyday you cannot select any specific days. This
field works in conjunction with the Except for the following times
field.
For the
following times
(24-Hour
Format)
Select a begin time using the first set of hour and minute (min) drop
down boxes and select an end time using the second set of hour and
minute (min) drop down boxes. If you have chosen On earlier for the
WLAN Status the Wireless LAN will turn on between the two times you
enter in these fields. If you have chosen Off earlier for the WLAN
Status the Wireless LAN will turn off between the two times you enter
in these fields.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.12
WDS Screen
A Wireless Distribution System is a wireless connection between two or more APs.
Use this screen to set the operating mode of your MWR222 to AP + Bridge or
Bridge Only and establish wireless links with other APs. You need to know the
MAC address of the peer device, which also must be in bridge mode.
Note: You must enable the same wireless security settings on the MWR222 and on
all wireless clients that you want to associate with it.
Click Network > Wireless LAN > WDS tab. The following screen opens with the
Basic Setting set to Disabled, and Security Mode set to No Security.
Figure 52 Network > Wireless LAN > WDS
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 32 Network > Wireless LAN > WDS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
WDS Setup
Select the operating mode for your MWR222.
Basic Settings
Local MAC
Address
Phy Mode
Remote MAC
Address
•
AP + Bridge - The MWR222 functions as a bridge and access point
simultaneously.
•
Bridge - The MWR222 acts as a wireless network bridge. It
establishes wireless links with other APs. You need to know the MAC
address of the peer device, which also must be in bridge mode. The
MWR222 can establish up to five wireless links with other APs.
This is the MAC address of your MWR222.
Select the Phy mode you want the MWR222 to use. This dictates the
maximum size of packets during data transmission.
This is the MAC address of the peer device that your MWR222 wants to
make a bridge connection with.
You can connect to up to 4 peer devices.
Security
EncrypType
Select whether to use WEP, TKIP or AES encryption for your WDS
connection in this field.
Otherwise, select No Security.
EncrypKey
The Encryp key is used to encrypt data. Peers must use the same key for
data transmission.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes to MWR222.
Refresh
Click Refresh to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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10 WAN
10.1
Overview
This chapter discusses the MWR222’s WAN screens. Use these screens to
configure your MWR222 for Internet access.
A WAN (Wide Area Network) connection is an outside connection to another
network or the Internet. It connects your private networks such as a LAN (Local
Area Network) and other networks, so that a computer in one location can
communicate with computers in other locations.
Figure 53 LAN and WAN
The MWR222 has two different types of WAN connection. The standard Ethernet
WAN connections and the USB port for a 3G adapter.
The standard Ethernet WAN connection is the port labeled “LAN” on the back of
the router. The user needs to configure the Ethernet port to WAN to make it to
work.
Figure 54 Ethernet and USB Ports
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The 3G WAN connection uses wireless 3G adapters connected to a USB port on
the MWR222. The USB port is located on the back of the MWR222.
10.2 What You Can Do
• Use the Internet Connection screen to enter your ISP information and set how the
computer acquires its IP, DNS and WAN MAC Address
• Use the Advanced screen to enable multicasting, configure Windows networking
and bridge.
• Use IGMP Snooping screen to enable IGMP snooping in the LAN ports.
10.3 What You Need To Know
The information in this section can help you configure the screens for your WAN
connection, as well as enable/disable some advanced features of your MWR222.
10.3.1
Configuring Your Internet Connection
Encapsulation Method
Encapsulation is used to include data from an upper layer protocol into a lower
layer protocol. To set up a WAN connection to the Internet, you need to use the
same encapsulation method used by your ISP (Internet Service Provider). If your
ISP offers a dial-up Internet connection using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) or PPTP
(Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol), they should also provide a username and
password (and service name) for user authentication.
WAN IP Address
The WAN IP address is an IP address for the MWR222, which makes it accessible
from an outside network. It is used by the MWR222 to communicate with other
devices in other networks. It can be static (fixed) or dynamically assigned by the
ISP each time the MWR222 tries to access the Internet.
If your ISP assigns you a static WAN IP address, they should also assign you the
subnet mask and DNS server IP address(es) (and a gateway IP address if you use
the Ethernet or ENET ENCAP encapsulation method).
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DNS Server Address Assignment
Use Domain Name System (DNS) to map a domain name to its corresponding IP
address and vice versa, for instance, the IP address of www.zyxel.com is
204.217.0.2. The DNS server is extremely important because without it, you
must know the IP address of a computer before you can access it.
The MWR222 can get the DNS server addresses in the following ways.
1
The ISP tells you the DNS server addresses, usually in the form of an
information sheet, when you sign up. If your ISP gives you DNS server
addresses, manually enter them in the DNS server fields.
2
If your ISP dynamically assigns the DNS server IP addresses (along with
the MWR222’s WAN IP address), set the DNS server fields to get the DNS
server address from the ISP.
WAN MAC Address
The MAC address screen allows users to configure the WAN port's MAC address
by either using the factory default or cloning the MAC address from a computer
on your LAN. Choose Factory Default to select the factory assigned default MAC
Address.
Otherwise, click Clone the computer's MAC address - IP Address and enter
the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you are cloning. Once it is
successfully configured, the address will be copied to configuration file. It is
recommended that you clone the MAC address prior to hooking up the WAN Port.
10.3.2 Multicast
Traditionally, IP packets are transmitted in one of either two ways - Unicast (one
sender - one recipient) or Broadcast (one sender - everybody on the network).
Multicast delivers IP packets to a group of hosts on the network - not everybody
and not just one. Multicast is a function that lowers bandwidth needed to stream
media to multiple recipients. Rather than sending a stream for each computer
connected with multicast, one stream is sent and when it reaches its final routing
point the information splits and is sent to all subscribed multicast connections.
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Figure 55 Multicast Example
In the multicast example above, systems A and D comprise one multicast group.
In multicasting, the server only needs to send one data stream and this is
delivered to systems A and D.
IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a network-layer protocol used to
establish membership in a multicast group - it is not used to carry user data. The
MWR222 supports both IGMP version 1 (IGMP-v1) and IGMP version 2 (IGMPv2).
At start up, the MWR222 queries all directly connected networks to gather group
membership. After that, the MWR222 periodically updates this information. IP
multicasting can be enabled/disabled on the MWR222 LAN and/or WAN interfaces
in the Web Configurator (LAN; WAN). Select None to disable IP multicasting on
these interfaces.
10.4
Internet Connection
Use this screen to change your MWR222’s Internet access settings. Click WAN
from the Configuration menu. The screen differs according to the encapsulation
you choose.
10.4.1
Ethernet Encapsulation
This screen displays when you select Ethernet encapsulation.
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Figure 56 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: Ethernet Encapsulation
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 33 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: Ethernet Encapsulation
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Ethernet Port
Type
Sets the Ethernet port to function as either LAN or WAN.
ISP Parameters for Internet Access
Encapsulation
You must choose the Ethernet option when the WAN port is used as a
regular Ethernet.
WAN IP Address Assignment
Get
automatically
from ISP
(Default)
Select this option If your ISP did not assign you a fixed IP address.
This is the default selection.
Use Fixed IP
Address
Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address.
IP Address
Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use Fixed IP
Address.
IP Subnet
Mask
Enter the IP Subnet Mask in this field.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter a Gateway IP Address (if your ISP gave you one) in this field.
WAN DNS Assignment
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First DNS
Server
Second DNS
Server
Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP
assigns. Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS
server. Enter the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If
you chose User-Defined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0,
User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a
second choice to User-Defined, and enter the same IP address, the
second User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do
not configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a
computer in order to access it.
WAN MAC
Address
The MAC address section allows users to configure the WAN port's
MAC address by using the MWR222’s MAC address, copying the MAC
address from a computer on your LAN or manually entering a MAC
address.
Factory default
Select Factory default to use the factory assigned default MAC
Address.
Clone the
Select Clone the computer's MAC address - IP Address and enter
computer’s MAC the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you are
address - IP
cloning.
Address
Set WAN MAC
Address
Select this option and enter the MAC address you want to use.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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10.4.2
PPPoE Encapsulation
The MWR222 supports PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet). PPPoE is an
IETF standard (RFC 2516) specifying how a personal computer (PC) interacts with
a broadband modem (DSL, cable, wireless, etc.) connection. The PPP over
Ethernet option is for a dial-up connection using PPPoE.
For the service provider, PPPoE offers an access and authentication method that
works with existing access control systems (for example Radius).
One of the benefits of PPPoE is the ability to let you access one of multiple
network services, a function known as dynamic service selection. This enables the
service provider to easily create and offer new IP services for individuals.
Operationally, PPPoE saves significant effort for both you and the ISP or carrier,
as it requires no specific configuration of the broadband modem at the customer
site.
By implementing PPPoE directly on the MWR222 (rather than individual
computers), the computers on the LAN do not need PPPoE software installed,
since the MWR222 does that part of the task. Furthermore, with NAT, all of the
LANs’ computers will have access.
This screen displays when you select PPPoE encapsulation.
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Figure 57 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: PPPoE Encapsulation
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 34 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: PPPoE Encapsulation
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Ethernet Port Configuration
Ethernet Port
Type
Select WAN when using the Ethernet port for WAN configuration
ISP Parameters for Internet Access
Encapsulation
Select PPP over Ethernet if you connect to your Internet via dial-up.
User Name
Type the user name given to you by your ISP.
Password
Type the password associated with the user name above.
Retype to
Confirm
Type your password again to make sure that you have entered is
correctly.
MTU Size
Enter the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) or the largest packet size
per frame that your MWR222 can receive and process.
Nailed-Up
Connection
Select Nailed-Up Connection if you do not want the connection to
time out.
Idle Timeout
(sec)
This value specifies the time in minutes that elapses before the router
automatically disconnects from the PPPoE server.
WAN IP Address Assignment
Get
automatically
from ISP
Select this option If your ISP did not assign you a fixed IP address. This
is the default selection.
Use Fixed IP
Address
Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address.
My WAN IP
Address
Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use Fixed IP
Address.
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WAN DNS Assignment
Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the right
displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP assigns.
First DNS
Server
Second DNS
Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server. Enter
the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you chose UserDefined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0, User-Defined
changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a second choice to
User-Defined, and enter the same IP address, the second UserDefined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do not
configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a computer in
order to access it.
WAN MAC
Address
The MAC address section allows users to configure the WAN port's MAC
address by using the MWR222’s MAC address, copying the MAC address
from a computer on your LAN or manually entering a MAC address.
Factory default
Select Factory default to use the factory assigned default MAC
Address.
Clone the
computer’s
MAC address IP Address
Select Clone the computer's MAC address - IP Address and enter
the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you are cloning.
Set WAN MAC
Address
Select this option and enter the MAC address you want to use.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
10.4.3
PPTP Encapsulation
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a network protocol that enables secure
transfer of data from a remote client to a private server, creating a Virtual Private
Network (VPN) using TCP/IP-based networks.
PPTP supports on-demand, multi-protocol and virtual private networking over
public networks, such as the Internet.
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This screen displays when you select PPTP encapsulation.
Figure 58 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: PPTP Encapsulation
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 35 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: PPTP Encapsulation
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Ethernet Port Configuration
Ethernet Port Type
Select WAN when using the Ethernet port for WAN configuration
ISP Parameters for Internet Access
Connection Type
To configure a PPTP client, you must configure the User Name
and Password fields for a PPP connection and the PPTP
parameters for a PPTP connection.
User Name
Type the user name given to you by your ISP.
Password
Type the password associated with the User Name above.
Retype to Confirm
Type your password again to make sure that you have entered is
correctly.
Nailed-up
Connection
Select Nailed-Up Connection if you do not want the connection
to time out.
Idle Timeout
This value specifies the time in minutes that elapses before the
MWR222 automatically disconnects from the PPTP server.
PPTP Configuration
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of the PPTP server.
Get automatically
from ISP
Select this option If your ISP did not assign you a fixed IP address.
This is the default selection.
Use Fixed IP
Address
Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address.
IP Address
Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use Fixed
IP Address.
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IP Subnet Mask
Your MWR222 will automatically calculate the subnet mask based
on the IP address that you assign. Unless you are implementing
subnetting, use the subnet mask computed by the MWR222.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter a Gateway IP Address (if your ISP gave you one) in this
field.
WAN IP Address Assignment
Get automatically
from ISP
Select this to get your WAN IP address from your ISP.
Use Fixed IP
Address
Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address.
My WAN IP
Address
Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use Fixed
IP Address.
WAN DNS Assignment
Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP
assigns.
First DNS Server
Second DNS Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server.
Enter the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you
chose User-Defined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0,
User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a
second choice to User-Defined, and enter the same IP address,
the second User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do
not configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a
computer in order to access it.
WAN MAC Address
The MAC address section allows users to configure the WAN port's
MAC address by using the MWR222’s MAC address, copying the
MAC address from a computer on your LAN or manually entering a
MAC address.
Factory default
Select Factory default to use the factory assigned default MAC
Address.
Clone the
computer’s MAC
address - IP
Address
Select Clone the computer's MAC address - IP Address and
enter the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you
are cloning.
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Set WAN MAC
Address
Select this option and enter the MAC address you want to use.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
10.4.4
L2TP Encapsulation
The Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) works at layer 2 (the data link layer) to
tunnel network traffic between two peer devices over another network (like the
Internet).
This screen displays when you select L2TP encapsulation.
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Figure 59 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: L2TP Encapsulation
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 36 Network > WAN > Wired WAN: L2TP Encapsulation
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Ethernet Port Configuration
Ethernet Port Type
Select WAN when using the Ethernet port for WAN configuration
ISP Parameters for Internet Access
Connection Type
To configure a L2TP client, you must configure the User Name
and Password fields for a layer-2 connection and the L2TP
parameters for an L2TP connection.
User Name
Type the user name given to you by your ISP.
Password
Type the password associated with the User Name above.
Retype to Confirm
Type your password again to make sure that you have entered is
correctly.
L2TP Configuration
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of the L2TP server.
Get automatically
from ISP
Select this option If your ISP did not assign you a fixed IP address.
This is the default selection.
Use Fixed IP
Address
Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address.
IP Address
Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use Fixed
IP Address.
IP Subnet Mask
Your MWR222 will automatically calculate the subnet mask based
on the IP address that you assign. Unless you are implementing
subnetting, use the subnet mask computed by the MWR222.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter a Gateway IP Address (if your ISP gave you one) in this
field.
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WAN IP Address Assignment
Get automatically
from ISP
Select this to get your WAN IP address from your ISP.
Use Fixed IP
Address
Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address.
My WAN IP
Address
Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use Fixed
IP Address.
WAN DNS Assignment
Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP
assigns.
First DNS Server
Second DNS Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server.
Enter the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you
chose User-Defined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0,
User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a
second choice to User-Defined, and enter the same IP address,
the second User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do
not configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a
computer in order to access it.
WAN MAC Address
The MAC address section allows users to configure the WAN port's
MAC address by either using the MWR222’s MAC address, copying
the MAC address from a computer on your LAN or manually
entering a MAC address.
Factory default
Select Factory default to use the factory assigned default MAC
Address.
Clone the
computer’s MAC
address - IP
Address
Select Clone the computer's MAC address - IP Address and
enter the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you
are cloning.
Set WAN MAC
Address
Select this option and enter the MAC address you want to use.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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10.5
Mobile WAN
The Mobile WAN connection uses a broadband 3G connection via USB adapter
provided by a mobile broadband ISP. This allows for mobile connection to the
internet within the 3G coverage of your selected mobile provider.
This screen displays when you select the Mobile WAN tab.
Figure 60(a) Network > WAN > Mobile WAN > WiMAX Only
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Figure 60(b) Network > WAN > Mobile WAN > Verizon
LTE
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Figure 60(c) Network > WAN > Mobile WAN > 3G Only
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 37 Network > WAN > Mobile WAN
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Mobile WAN Configuration
Once your connection setting shave been applied, click the Connect
Connection Status
button to connect your Mobile WAN. When the Status says
Disconnected, the Mobile WAN is not connected. When it says
Connected, it has successfully established a connection.
Choose Auto for an automatic detection of wireless WAN type.
Connection Mode
The MWR will first try to establish an WiMAX connection before
trying to establish a 3G connection. Auto mode does not support
LTE connection.
Min. WiMAX signal
Min. WiMAX Signal Threshold is the minimum CINR value the MWR
Threshold
will allow before determining dropping the WiMAX signal.
Enables 3G to
MWR will try to reconnect to WiMAX network whenever a WiMAX
network is detected while a 3G connection has been established.
WiMAX reconnect
Check Period
(second)
Maximum
This is the value for how often the MWR will check for available
WiMAX signal. The default value is 180 in seconds.
Connection Retry
This is the value MWR will try to connect to WiMAX or 3G before
giving up.
Action After Retry
There are three options for the MWR to take after failure to
establish connections even after retry. None for do nothing,
Reboot for rebooting the MWR and Wait for other commands.
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Failure
WiMAX Configuration
Realm
WiMAX Signal
Threshold
Enter this field accordingly provided by your ISP. In most cases, it
can be left blank unless ISP notices otherwise.
WiMAX signal threshold marked with CINR in dB, which stands for
“Carrier Interferrence and Noise Ratio.” MWR detects CINR when it
tries to connect to a WiMAX base station. The value is default at
“15” and is better when its higher.
LTE/3G Configuration
Username
Type the user name given to you by your mobile provider. (not all
ISP needs this)
Password
Type the password associated with the User Name above. (not all
ISP needs this)
Retype to Confirm
Type your password again to make sure that you have enter the
password correctly.
Access Point Name
Phone Number
Connection
Select Nailed-Up Connection if you do not want the connection
to time out.
Idle Timeout (sec)
This value specifies the time in minutes that elapses before the
MWR222 automatically disconnects from the mobile connection.
PIN Code
Type the Pin Code given to you by your mobile broadband provider.
Nailed-up
Enable Data Usage
Counter
Select this option to enable the Data Usage Counter settings.
The data usage counter is for user convenience. It is not
synchronized with the Carrier’s actual data usage.
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Data Usage Limit
(MB)
Reset Data Usage
Counter On
Enter the desired data usage limit in megabytes.
Example: 5 gigabytes equals 5000 megabytes.
Select the day of the month for the Data Usage Counter Reset to the
default value.
Select the value in megabytes for the Data Usage Counter to begin
counting from.
Reset Data Usage
counter
Tear Down
Connection when
over Limit
Example: You have 100Mb of data usage available but you do not
want to allow the entire 100Mb to be used. You can set the Reset
Data Usage Counter to 60Mb and the Data Usage Counter will start
at 60Mb. When the Data Usage Limit reaches 100Mb, you will still
have 40Mb left from the total 100Mb. This will allow you to be
notified when close to your Data Usage Limit and not when it has
been fully emptied.
Select this option to automatically disconnect your mobile broadband
connection when you reach your Data Usage limit.
Wired-Mobile WAN Failover Configuration
WAN DNS Assignment
Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP
assigns.
First DNS Server
Second DNS
Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server.
Enter the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you
chose User-Defined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0,
User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a
second choice to User-Defined, and enter the same IP address,
the second User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do
not configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a
computer in order to access it.
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
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ISP Parameters for Internet Access
Connection Status
Once your connection settings have been applied, click the Connect
button to connect your Mobile WAN. When the Status says
Disconnected the Mobile WAN is not connected. When it says
Connected it has successfully connected.
User Name
Type the user name given to you by your mobile provider. (not all
ISP needs this)
Password
Type the password associated with the User Name above. (not all
ISP needs this)
Retype to Confirm
Type your password again to make sure that you have entered is
correctly.
Access Point Name
(APN)
Type the name of the access point provided to you by the mobile
broadband provider. (not all ISP needs this)
Phone Number
Type the phone number provided by your mobile broadband
provider. The default phone number is #777 (for CDMA carriers
such as Sprint or Verizon). If the phone number is left as blank,
MWR222 will implicitly use #777 to connect.
Nailed-up
Connection
Select Nailed-Up Connection if you do not want the connection
to time out.
Idle Timeout
This value specifies the time in minutes that elapses before the
MWR222 automatically disconnects from the mobile connection.
Mobile WAN Configuration
USB Mobile WAN
Adapter
Select your mobile broadband provider’s USB adapter from the list
or select Auto-detect to let the MWR222 find yours automatically.
Pin Code
Type the Pin Code given to you by your mobile broadband
provider.
Enable Data Usage
Counter
Data Usage
Limit (Mb)
Select this option to enable the Data Usage Counter settings.
The data usage counter is for user convenience. It is not
synchronized with the Carrier’s actual data usage.
Enter the desired data usage limit in megabytes.
Example: 5 gigabytes equals 5000 megabytes.
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Reset Data
Usage Counter
on
Select the day of the month for the Data Usage Counter Reset to
the default value.
Select the value in megabytes for the Data Usage Counter to begin
counting from.
Reset Data
Usage Counter
Tear Down
Connection
when over Limit
Example: You have 100Mb of data usage available but you do not
want to allow the entire 100Mb to be used. You can set the Reset
Data Usage Counter to 60Mb and the Data Usage Counter will start
at 60Mb. When the Data Usage Limit reaches 100Mb, you will still
have 40Mb left from the total 100Mb. This will allow you to be
notified when close to your Data Usage Limit and not when it has
been fully emptied.
Select this option to automatically disconnect your mobile
broadband connection when you reach your Data Usage limit.
Failover Configuration
Enable Fallback
Select this option to have the MWR222 return to wired WAN if it is
available.
The interval to wait when monitoring the wired WAN and mobile
WAN connections.
Check Period
The shorter the time period, the faster the MWR will react to an
interruption in one of the WAN connections, but the more network
bandwidth is used (if connectivity check enabled) and the more
system resources are used.
Check Timeout
If connectivity check is enabled, how long to wait for a reply from a
remote host before counting it as a failure.
Check Tolerance
If connectivity check is enabled, how many consecutive failures are
needed before the connection is considered broken.
Select this option to have the MWR222 ping a remote host to
determine if the wired WAN connection is alive.
Check Wired WAN
Connectivity
Ping Default
Gateway
Using a connectivity check consumes a minimal amount of network
bandwidth but allows the MWR222 to detect network unavailability
caused by an upstream interruption. Without connectivity check
the MWR can only monitor the direct physical link.
If connectivity check is enabled, the remote host to monitor. This
can either be the gateway of the WAN interface.\
Note: certain mobile WAN providers do not allow the gateway to
reply to pings, so using that option for mobile WAN may produce
false negatives.
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Ping User Specified
Address
If the ping target is set to user specified address, the specific IP
address to monitor.
Select this option to have the MWR222 ping a remote host to
determine if the wired WAN connection is alive.
Check Wired WAN
Connectivity
Ping Default
Gateway
Ping User Specified
Address
Using a connectivity check consumes a minimal amount of network
bandwidth but allows the MWR222 to detect network unavailability
caused by an upstream interruption. Without connectivity check
the MWR can only monitor the direct physical link.
If connectivity check is enabled, the remote host to monitor. This
can either be the gateway of the WAN interface
Note: certain mobile WAN providers do not allow the gateway to
reply to pings, so using that option for mobile WAN may produce
false negatives.
If the ping target is set to user specified address, the specific IP
address to monitor.
WAN DNS Assignment
Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP
assigns.
First DNS Server
Second DNS Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server.
Enter the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you
chose User-Defined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0,
User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a
second choice to User-Defined, and enter the same IP address,
the second User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do
not configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a
computer in order to access it.
WAN MAC Address
The MAC address section allows users to configure the WAN port's
MAC address by either using the MWR222’s MAC address, copying
the MAC address from a computer on your LAN or manually
entering a MAC address.
Factory default
Select Factory default to use the factory assigned default MAC
Address.
Clone the
computer’s MAC
address - IP
Address
Select Clone the computer's MAC address - IP Address and
enter the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you
are cloning.
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Set WAN MAC
Address
Select this option and enter the MAC address you want to use.
Connect
Click Connect to save your changes back to the MWR222. If a 3G
adapter is inserted in the USB port, MWR222 will start connection.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
10.6 Advanced WAN Screen
Use this screen to enable Multicast and enable Auto-bridge.
Note: The categories shown in this screen are independent of each other.
To change your MWR222’s advanced WAN settings, click Network > WAN >
Advanced. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 61 Network > WAN > Advanced
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 38 Network > WAN > Advanced
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Multicast Setup
Multicast
Select IGMPv1/v2 to enable multicasting. This applies to traffic
routed from the WAN to the LAN.
Select None to disable this feature. This may cause incoming
traffic to be dropped or sent to all connected network devices.
Auto-bridge
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Enable Auto-bridge
mode
Select this option to have the MWR222 switch to bridge mode
automatically when the MWR222 gets a WAN IP address in the
range of 192.168.x.y (where x and y are from zero to nine) no
matter what the LAN IP address is.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
10.7 IGMP Snooping Screen
Use this screen to enable IGMP snooping if you have LAN users that subscribe to
multicast services.
IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a network-layer protocol used to
establish membership in a multicast group - it is not used to carry user data.
Click Network > WAN > IGMP Snooping. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 62 Network > WAN > IGMP Snooping
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 39 Network > WAN > IGMP Snooping
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Auto-bridge
Enable IGMP
Snooping
Select this option to have the MWR222 use IGMP snooping.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
Check the LAN port to which IGMP snooping applies.
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11 LAN
11.1
Overview
This chapter describes how to configure LAN settings.
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many
computers are attached. A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate
area, usually the same building or floor of a building. The LAN screens can help
you configure a LAN DHCP server, manage IP addresses, and partition your
physical network into logical networks.
Figure 63 LAN Example (implies wired WAN connection)
The LAN screens can help you manage IP addresses.
11.2 What You Can Do
• Use the IP screen to change the IP address for your MWR222.
• Use the IP Alias screen to have the MWR222 apply IP alias to create LAN
subnets.
11.3 What You Need To Know
The actual physical connection determines whether the MWR222 ports are LAN or
WAN ports. There are two separate IP networks, one inside the LAN network and
the other outside the WAN network as shown next.
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Figure 64 LAN and WAN IP Addresses (implies wired WAN connection)
The LAN parameters of the MWR222 are preset in the factory with the following
values:
• IP address of 192.168.10.1 with subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
• DHCP server enabled with 32 client IP addresses starting from 192.168.10.33.
These parameters should work for the majority of installations. If your ISP gives
you explicit DNS server address(es), read the embedded Web Configurator help
regarding what fields need to be configured.
11.3.1
IP Pool Setup
The MWR222 is pre-configured with a pool of 32 IP addresses starting from
192.168.10.33 to 192.168.10.64. This configuration leaves 31 IP addresses
(excluding the MWR222 itself) in the lower range (192.168.10.2 to
192.168.10.32) for other server computers, for instance, servers for mail, FTP,
TFTP, web, etc., that you may have.
11.3.2
LAN TCP/IP
The MWR222 has built-in DHCP server capability that assigns IP addresses and
DNS servers to systems that support DHCP client capability.
11.3.3
IP Alias
IP alias allows you to partition a physical network into different logical networks
over the same Ethernet interface. The MWR222 supports three logical LAN
interfaces via its single physical Ethernet interface with the MWR222 itself as the
gateway for each LAN network.
11.4
LAN IP Screen
Use this screen to change the IP address for your MWR222. Click Network >
LAN > IP.
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Figure 65 Network > LAN > IP
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 40 Network > LAN > IP
LABEL
IP Address
DESCRIPTION
Type the IP address of your MWR222 in dotted decimal notation.
IP Subnet Mask
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP
address. Your MWR222 will automatically calculate the subnet mask
based on the IP address that you assign. Unless you are
implementing subnetting, use the subnet mask computed by the
MWR222.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
11.5
IP Alias Screen
Use this screen to have the MWR222 apply IP alias to create LAN subnets. Click
LAN > IP Alias.
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Figure 66 Network > LAN > IP Alias
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 41 Network > LAN > IP Alias
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
IP Alias
Check this to enable IP alias.
IP Address
Type the IP alias address of your MWR222 in dotted decimal notation.
IP Subnet Mask
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP
address. Your MWR222 will automatically calculate the subnet mask
based on the IP address that you assign. Unless you are
implementing subnetting, use the subnet mask computed by the
MWR222.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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12 DHCP Server
12.1
Overview
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, RFC 2131 and RFC 2132) allows
individual clients to obtain TCP/IP configuration at start-up from a server. You can
configure the MWR222’s LAN as a DHCP server or disable it. When configured as
a server, the MWR222 provides the TCP/IP configuration for the clients. If DHCP
service is disabled, you must have another DHCP server on your LAN, or else the
computer must be manually configured.
12.2
What You Can Do
• Use the General screen to enable the DHCP server.
• Use the Advanced screen to assign IP addresses on the LAN to specific individual
computers based on their MAC Addresses.
12.3
General Screen
Use this screen to enable the DHCP server. Click Network > DHCP Server. The
following screen displays.
Figure 67 Network > DHCP Server > General
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 42 Network > DHCP Server > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable DHCP
Server
Enable or Disable DHCP for LAN.
IP Pool Starting
Address
This field specifies the first of the contiguous addresses in the IP
address pool for LAN.
Pool Size
This field specifies the size, or count of the IP address pool for LAN.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
12.4
Advanced Screen
This screen allows you to assign IP addresses on the LAN to specific individual
computers based on their MAC addresses. You can also use this screen to
configure the DNS server information that the MWR222 sends to the DHCP
clients.
To change your MWR222’s static DHCP settings, click Network > DHCP Server
> Advanced. The following screen displays.
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Figure 68 Network > DHCP Server > Advanced
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 43 Network > DHCP Server > Advanced
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
LAN Static DHCP Table
#
This is the index number of the static IP table entry (row).
MAC Address
Type the MAC address (with colons) of a computer on your LAN.
IP Address
Type the LAN IP address of a computer on your LAN.
DNS Server
DNS Servers
Assigned by
DHCP Server
The MWR222 passes a DNS (Domain Name System) server IP
address (in the order you specify here) to the DHCP clients. The
MWR222 only passes this information to the LAN DHCP clients when
you select the Enable DHCP Server check box. When you clear the
Enable DHCP Server check box, DHCP service is disabled and you
must have another DHCP sever on your LAN, or else the computers
must have their DNS server addresses manually configured.
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Select From ISP if your ISP dynamically assigns DNS server
information (and the MWR222's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP
assigns.
First DNS Server
Second DNS
Server
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server.
Enter the DNS server's IP address in the field to the right. If you
chose User-Defined, but leave the IP address set to 0.0.0.0, UserDefined changes to None after you click Apply. If you set a second
choice to User-Defined, and enter the same IP address, the second
User-Defined changes to None after you click Apply.
Select DNS Relay to have the MWR222 act as a DNS proxy. The
MWR222's LAN IP address displays in the field to the right (readonly). The MWR222 tells the DHCP clients on the LAN that the
MWR222 itself is the DNS server. When a computer on the LAN sends
a DNS query to the MWR222, the MWR222 forwards the query to the
MWR222's system DNS server (configured in the WAN > Internet
Connection screen) and relays the response back to the computer.
You can only select DNS Relay for one of the three servers; if you
select DNS Relay for a second or third DNS server, that choice
changes to None after you click Apply.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do
not configure a DNS server, you must know the IP address of a
computer in order to access it.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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13. Network Address
Translation (NAT)
13.1
Overview
NAT (Network Address Translation - NAT, RFC 1631) is the translation of the IP
address of a host in a packet. For example, the source address of an outgoing
packet, used within one network is changed to a different IP address known
within another network.
Each packet has two addresses – a source address and a destination address. For
outgoing packets, NAT maps private (local) IP addresses to globally unique ones
required for communication with hosts on other networks. It replaces the original
IP source address in each packet and then forwards it to the Internet. The
MWR222 keeps track of the original addresses and port numbers so incoming
reply packets can have their original values restored. The following figure
illustrates this.
Figure 69 NAT Example (use 192.168.10.x to be consistent with default value)
For more information on IP address translation, refer to RFC 1631, The IP
Network Address Translator (NAT).
13.2
What You Can Do
• Use the General screen to enable NAT and set a default server.
• Use the Application screen to forward incoming service requests to the server(s)
on your local network.
• Use the Advanced screen to change your MWR222’s trigger port settings.
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13.3
General NAT Screen
Use this screen to enable NAT and set a default server. Click Network > NAT >
General to open the following screen.
Figure 70 Network > NAT > General
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 44 Network > NAT > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
NAT Setup
Enable Network
Address
Translation
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows the translation of an
Internet protocol address used within one network (for example a
private IP address used in a local network) to a different IP address
known within another network (for example a public IP address used
on the Internet).
Select the check box to enable NAT.
Default Server Setup
Server IP
Address
In addition to the servers for specified services, NAT supports a default
server. A default server receives packets from ports that are not
specified in the Application screen.
If you do not assign a Default Server IP address, the MWR222
discards all packets received for ports that are not specified in the
Application screen or remote management.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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13.4
NAT Application Screen
Use the Application screen to forward incoming service requests to the server(s)
on your local network. You may enter a single port number or a range of port
numbers to be forwarded, and the local IP address of the desired server. The port
number identifies a service; for example, web service is on port 80 and FTP on
port 21. In some cases, such as for unknown services or where one server can
support more than one service (for example both FTP and web service), it might
be better to specify a range of port numbers.
In addition to the servers for specified services, NAT supports a default server. A
service request that does not have a server explicitly designated for it is
forwarded to the default server. If the default is not defined, the service request
is simply discarded.
Note: Many residential broadband ISP accounts do not allow you to run any server
processes (such as a Web or FTP server) from your location. Your ISP may
periodically check for servers and may suspend your account if it discovers any
active services at your location. If you are unsure, refer to your ISP.
Port forwarding allows you to define the local servers to which the incoming
services will be forwarded. To change your MWR222’s port forwarding settings,
click Network > NAT > Application. The screen appears as shown.
Note: If you do not assign a Default Server IP address in the NAT > General screen,
the MWR222 discards all packets received for ports that are not specified in this
screen or remote management.
Refer to Appendix E for port numbers commonly used for particular services.
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Figure 71 Network > NAT > Application
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 45 Network > NAT > Application
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Add Application Rule
Active
Service Name
Select the check box to enable this rule and the requested service can
be forwarded to the host with a specified internal IP address.
Clear the checkbox to disallow forwarding of these ports to an inside
server without having to delete the entry.
Type a name (of up to 31 printable characters) to identify this rule in
the first field next to Service Name. Otherwise, select a predefined
service in the second field next to Service Name. The predefined
service name and port number(s) will display in the Service Name
and Port fields.
Type a port number(s) to define the service to be forwarded to the
specified server.
Port
To specify a range of ports, enter a hyphen (-) between the first port
and the last port, such as 10-20.
To specify two or more non-consecutive port numbers, separate them
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by a comma without spaces, such as 123,567.
Server IP
Address
Type the IP address of the server on your LAN that receives packets
from the port(s) specified in the Port field.
Application Rules Summary
#
This is the number of an individual port forwarding server entry.
Active
This icon is turned on when the rule is enabled.
Name
This field displays a name to identify this rule.
Port
This field displays the port number(s).
Server IP
Address
This field displays the inside IP address of the server.
Modify
Click the Edit icon to display and modify an existing rule setting in the
fields under Add Application Rule.
Click the Remove icon to delete a rule.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
13.5
NAT Advanced Screen
Some services use a dedicated range of ports on the client side and a dedicated
range of ports on the server side. With regular port forwarding you set a
forwarding port in NAT to forward a service (coming in from the server on the
WAN) to the IP address of a computer on the client side (LAN). The problem is
that port forwarding only forwards a service to a single LAN IP address. In order
to use the same service on a different LAN computer, you have to manually
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replace the LAN computer's IP address in the forwarding port with another LAN
computer's IP address.
Trigger port forwarding solves this problem by allowing computers on the LAN to
dynamically take turns using the service. The MWR222 records the IP address of
a LAN computer that sends traffic to the WAN to request a service with a specific
port number and protocol (a "trigger" port). When the MWR222's WAN port
receives a response with a specific port number and protocol ("incoming" port),
the MWR222 forwards the traffic to the LAN IP address of the computer that sent
the request. After that computer’s connection for that service closes, another
computer on the LAN can use the service in the same manner. This way you do
not need to configure a new IP address each time you want a different LAN
computer to use the application.
To change your MWR222’s trigger port settings, click Network > NAT >
Advanced. The screen appears as shown.
Note: Only one LAN computer can use a trigger port (range) at a time.
Figure 72 Network > NAT > Advanced
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 46 Network > NAT > Advanced
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
#
This is the rule index number (read-only).
Name
Type a unique name (up to 15 characters) for identification purposes.
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All characters are permitted - including spaces.
Incoming
Incoming is a port (or a range of ports) that a server on the WAN uses
when it sends out a particular service. The MWR222 forwards the
traffic with this port (or range of ports) to the client computer on the
LAN that requested the service.
Start Port
Type a port number or the starting port number in a range of port
numbers.
End Port
Type a port number or the ending port number in a range of port
numbers.
Trigger
The trigger port is a port (or a range of ports) that causes (or triggers)
the MWR222 to record the IP address of the LAN computer that sent
the traffic to a server on the WAN.
Start Port
Type a port number or the starting port number in a range of port
numbers.
End Port
Type a port number or the ending port number in a range of port
numbers.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
13.5.1
Trigger Port Forwarding Example
The following is an example of trigger port forwarding.
Figure 73 Trigger Port Forwarding Process:
Example
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1
Jane requests a file from the Real Audio server (port 7070).
2
Port 7070 is a “trigger” port and causes the MWR222 to record Jane’s
computer IP address. The MWR222 associates Jane's computer IP address
with the "incoming" port range of 6970-7170.
3
The Real Audio server responds using a port number ranging between
6970-7170.
4
The MWR222 forwards the traffic to Jane’s computer IP address.
5
Only Jane can connect to the Real Audio server until the connection is
closed or times out. The MWR222 times out in three minutes with UDP
(User Datagram Protocol), or two hours with TCP/IP (Transfer Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol).
13.5.2 Two Points To Remember About Trigger Ports
1
Trigger events only happen on data that is going coming from inside the
MWR222 and going to the outside.
2
If an application needs a continuous data stream, that port (range) will be
tied up so that another computer on the LAN can’t trigger it.
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14 Dynamic DNS
14.1
Overview
Dynamic DNS (DDNS) services let you use a domain name with a dynamic IP
address.
14.2
What You Can Do
Use the Dynamic DNS screen to enable DDNS and configure the DDNS settings
on the MWR222.
14.3
What You Need To Know
Dynamic DNS allows you to update your current dynamic IP address with one or
many dynamic DNS services so that anyone can contact you (in NetMeeting, CUSeeMe, etc.). You can also access your FTP server or Web site on your own
computer using a domain name (for instance myhost.dhs.org, where myhost is a
name of your choice) that will never change instead of using an IP address that
changes each time you reconnect. Your friends or relatives will always be able to
call you even if they don't know your IP address.
14.4
Dynamic DNS Screen
To change your MWR222’s DDNS, click Network > DDNS. The screen appears as
shown.
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Figure 74 Network > DDNS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 47 Network > DDNS
LABEL
Enable Dynamic
DNS
DESCRIPTION
Select this check box to use dynamic DNS.
Service Provider
Select the name of your Dynamic DNS service provider.
Host Name
Enter a host names in the field provided. You can specify up to two
host names in the field separated by a comma (",").
User Name
Enter your user name.
Password
Enter the password assigned to you.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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15. OpenDNS
15.1 Overview
This chapter shows you how to configure OpenDNS for your MWR222.
OpenDNS is the leading provider of free security and infrastructure services that
make the Internet safer through integrated Web content filtering, anti-phishing
and DNS. OpenDNS services enable consumers and network administrators to
secure their networks from online threats, reduce costs and enforce Internet-use
policies. OpenDNS is used today by millions of users and organizations around the
world.
http://www.opendns.com
15.2 What you can do
OpenDNS integration in the MWR222 allows you do easily link your OpenDNS
account with the MWR222.
(user also need to configure WAN DNS Assignment to OpenDNS)
15.3 OpenDNS Screen
Click Network > OpenDNS to view the OpenDNS screen
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Figure 75 Network > OpenDNS
The following table describes the labels on this screen.
Table 48 Network > OpenDNS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
OpenDNS Setup
Create New
Account /
Configure
Personalized
Setting
Use the “Click here to OpenDNS” link to open http://www.opendns.com.
Enable
OpenDNS
Select this check box to use OpenDNS after configuring an account on
http://www.opendns.com.
Host Name
Type the Host Name provided by OpenDNS.
User Name
Type the User Name you created with OpenDNS.
Password
Type the Password tied to the User Name created with OpenDNS.
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16 Static Route
16.1
Overview
This chapter shows you how to configure static routes for your MWR222.
Each remote node specifies only the network to which the gateway is directly
connected, and the MWR222 has no knowledge of the networks beyond. For
instance, the MWR222 knows about network N2 in the following figure through
remote node Router 1. However, the MWR222 is unable to route a packet to
network N3 because it doesn't know that there is a route through the same
remote node Router 1 (via gateway Router 2). The static routes are for you to tell
the MWR222 about the networks beyond the remote nodes.
Figure 76 Example of Static Routing Topology
16.2 What You Can Do
Use the IP Static Route screen to view, add and delete routes.
16.3
IP Static Route Screen
Click Network > Static Route to open the IP Static Route screen.
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Figure 77 Network > Static Route
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 49 Network > Static Route
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Static Routing Settings
Route Name
Enter the name that describes or identifies this route.
Destination IP
Address
Enter the IP network address of the final destination.
IP Subnet
Netmask
This is the subnet to which the route’s final destination belongs.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter the IP address of the gateway.
Metric
Assign a number to identify the route.
Add Rule
Click this to add the IP static route.
Application Rules Summary
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No.
This is the number of an individual static route.
Active
The rules are always on and this is indicated by the icon.
Name
This is the name that describes or identifies this route.
Destination
This parameter specifies the IP network address of the final destination.
Routing is always based on network number.
Gateway
This is the IP address of the gateway. The gateway is a router or switch
on the same network segment as the device's LAN or WAN port. The
gateway helps forward packets to their destinations.
Metric
This is the number assigned to the route.
Delete
Click the Delete icon to remove a static route from the MWR222. A
window displays asking you to confirm that you want to delete the
route.
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17. Routing Information
Protocol
17.1
Overview
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is an interior or intra-domain routing protocol
that uses distance-vector routing algorithms. RIP is used on the Internet and is
common in the NetWare environment as a method for exchanging routing
information between routers.
17.2
What You Can Do
Use the RIP screen to enable RIPv1 or RIPv2, which are LAN broadcast protocols.
17.3
RIP Screen
Use this screen to enable RIPv1 or RIPv2, which are LAN broadcast protocols. Click
Network > RIP. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 78 Network > RIP
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 50 Network > RIP
LABEL
RIP
DESCRIPTION
Select the RIPv1 or RIPv2 you want the MWR222 to use.
Otherwise select None.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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Part III
Part III
Security
Firewall
Content Filter
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18.1
19
Firewall
Overview
This chapter shows you how to enable and configure the firewall that protects
your MWR222 and your LAN from unwanted or malicious traffic.
Enable the firewall to protect your LAN computers from attacks by hackers on the
Internet and control access between the LAN and WAN. By default the firewall:
• Allows traffic that originates from your LAN computers to go to all of the
networks.
• Blocks traffic that originates on the other networks from going to the LAN.
The following figure illustrates the default firewall action. User A can initiate an
IM (Instant Messaging) session from the LAN to the WAN (1). Return traffic for
this session is also allowed (2). However other traffic initiated from the WAN is
blocked (3 and 4).
Figure 79 Default Firewall Action
18.2
What You Can Do
• Use the General screen to enable or disable the MWR222’s firewall.
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• Use the Services screen screen enable service blocking, enter/delete/modify the
services you want to block and the date/time you want to block them.
18.3
What You Need To Know
The MWR222’s firewall feature physically separates the LAN and the WAN and
acts as a secure gateway for all data passing between the networks.
It is designed to protect against Denial of Service (DoS) attacks when activated
(click the General tab under Firewall and then click the Enable Firewall check
box). The MWR222’s purpose is to allow a private Local Area Network (LAN) to be
securely connected to the Internet. The MWR222 can be used to prevent theft,
destruction and modification of data, as well as log events, which may be
important to the security of your network.
The MWR222 is installed between the LAN and a broadband modem connecting to
the Internet. This allows it to act as a secure gateway for all data passing
between the Internet and the LAN.
The MWR222 has one Ethernet WAN port and four Ethernet LAN ports, which are
used to physically separate the network into two areas. The WAN (Wide Area
Network) port attaches to the broadband (cable or DSL) modem to the Internet.
The LAN (Local Area Network) port attaches to a network of computers, which
needs security from the outside world. These computers will have access to
Internet services such as e-mail, FTP and the World Wide Web. However,
“inbound access” is not allowed (by default) unless the remote host is authorized
to use a specific service.
18.4
General Firewall Screen
Use this screen to enable or disable the MWR222’s firewall, and set up firewall
logs. Click Security > Firewall to open the General screen.
Figure 80 Security > Firewall > General
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 51 Security > Firewall > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable DoS
Select this check box to activate the firewall. The MWR222 performs
access control and protects against Denial of Service (DoS) attacks
when the firewall is activated.
Apply
Click Apply to save the settings.
Reset
Click Reset to start configuring this screen again.
18.5
Services Screen
If an outside user attempts to probe an unsupported port on your MWR222, an
ICMP response packet is automatically returned. This allows the outside user to
know the MWR222 exists. Use this screen to prevent the ICMP response packet
from being sent. This keeps outsiders from discovering your MWR222 when
unsupported ports are probed.
You can also use this screen to enable service blocking, enter/delete/modify the
services you want to block and the date/time you want to block them.
Click Security > Firewall > Services. The screen appears as shown next.
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Figure 81 Security > Firewall > Services
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 52 Security > Firewall > Services
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol is a message control and errorreporting protocol between a host server and a gateway to the
Internet. ICMP uses Internet Protocol (IP) datagrams, but the
messages are processed by the TCP/IP software and directly apparent
to the application user.
Respond to
Ping on
The MWR222 will not respond to any incoming Ping requests when
Disable is selected. Select WAN to reply to incoming WAN Ping
requests.
Apply
Click Apply to save the settings.
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Enable Firewall Rule
Enable Firewall
Rule
Select this check box to activate the firewall rules that you define (see
Add Firewall Rule below)
Apply
Click Apply to save the settings.
Add Firewall Rule
Service Name
Enter a name that identifies or describes the firewall rule.
MAC Address
Enter the MAC address of the computer for which the firewall rule
applies.
Dest IP Address
Source IP
Address
Enter the IP address of the computer to which traffic for the application
or service is entering.
The MWR222 applies the firewall rule to traffic initiating from this
computer.
Enter the IP address of the computer that initializes traffic for the
application or service.
The MWR222 applies the firewall rule to traffic initiating from this
computer.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP or None) used to transport the
packets for which you want to apply the firewall rule.
Dest Port
Range
Enter the port number/range of the destination that define the traffic
type, for example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
Source Port
Range
Enter the port number/range of the source that define the traffic type,
for example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
Add Rule
Click Add to save the firewall rule.
Firewall Rule
#
This is your firewall rule number. The ordering of your rules is
important as rules are applied in turn.
Service Name
This is a name that identifies or describes the firewall rule.
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MAC Address
This is the MAC address of the computer for which the firewall rule
applies.
Dest IP Address
This is the IP address of the computer to which traffic for the
application or service is entering.
Source IP
Address
This is the IP address of the computer from which traffic for the
application or service is initialized.
Protocol
This is the protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP or None) used to transport the
packets for which you want to apply the firewall rule.
Dest Port
Range
This is the port number/range of the destination that define the traffic
type, for example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
Source Port
Range
This is the port number/range of the source that define the traffic type,
for example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
Action
Drop - Traffic matching the conditions of the firewall rule are stopped.
Delete
Click this to remove the firewall rule.
Reset
Click Reset to start configuring this screen again.
See Appendix E for commonly used services and port numbers.
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19.
19.1
Content Filter
Overview
This chapter provides a brief overview of content filtering using the embedded
web GUI.
Internet content filtering allows you to create and enforce Internet access policies
tailored to your needs. Content filtering is the ability to block certain web features
or specific URL keywords.
19.2
What You Can Do
Use the Content Filter screen to restrict web features, add keywords for
blocking and designate a trusted computer.
19.3
What You Need To Know
Content filtering allows you to block certain web features, such as cookies, and/or
block access to specific web sites. For example, you can configure one policy that
blocks John Doe’s access to arts and entertainment web pages.
19.3.1
Content Filtering Profiles
A content filtering profile conveniently stores your custom settings for the
following features.
Restrict Web Features
The MWR222 can disable web proxies and block web features such as ActiveX
controls, Java applets and cookies.
Keyword Blocking URL Checking
The MWR222 checks the URL’s domain name (or IP address) and file path
separately when performing keyword blocking.
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The URL’s domain name or IP address is the characters that come before the first
slash in the URL. For example, with the URL
http://us.zyxel.com/Corporate/Pressroom/, the domain name is
http://us.zyxel.com/.
The file path is the characters that come after the first slash in the URL. For
example, with the URL http://us.zyxel.com/Corporate/Pressroom/, the file path is
Corporate/Pressroom.
Since the MWR222 checks the URL’s domain name (or IP address) and file path
separately, it will not find items that go across the two. For example, with the
URL http://us.zyxel.com/Corporate/Pressroom/, the MWR222 would find “tw” in
the domain name (www.us.zyxel.com). It would also find “news” in the file path
(Corporate/Pressroom) but it would not find “com/Corporate”.
19.4
Content Filter Screen
Use this screen to restrict web features, add keywords for blocking and designate
a trusted computer.
Click Security > Content Filter to open the Content Filter screen.
Figure 82 Security > Content Filter > Content Filter
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 53 Security > Content Filter > Content Filter
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
To enable this feature, type an IP address of any one of the
computers in your network that you want to have as a trusted
Trusted IP Setup computer. This allows the trusted computer to have full access to all
features that are configured to be blocked by content filtering.
Leave this field blank to have no trusted computers.
Restrict Web
Features
Select the box(es) to restrict a feature. When you download a page
containing a restricted feature, that part of the web page will appear
blank or grayed out.
ActiveX
A tool for building dynamic and active Web pages and distributed
object applications. When you visit an ActiveX Web site, ActiveX
controls are downloaded to your browser, where they remain in case
you visit the site again.
Java
A programming language and development environment for building
downloadable Web components or Internet and intranet business
applications of all kinds.
Cookies
Used by Web servers to track usage and provide service based on ID.
Web Proxy
A server that acts as an intermediary between a user and the Internet
to provide security, administrative control, and caching service. When
a proxy server is located on the WAN it is possible for LAN users to
circumvent content filtering by pointing to this proxy server.
Enable URL
Keyword
Blocking
The MWR222 can block Web sites with URLs that contain certain
keywords in the domain name or IP address. For example, if the
keyword "bad" was enabled, all sites containing this keyword in the
domain name or IP address will be blocked, e.g., URL
http://www.website.com/bad.html would be blocked. Select this
check box to enable this feature.
Keyword
Type a keyword in this field. You may use any character (up to 64
characters). Wildcards are not allowed. You can also enter a
numerical IP address.
Keyword List
This list displays the keywords already added.
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Click Add after you have typed a keyword.
Add
Repeat this procedure to add other keywords. Up to 64 keywords are
allowed.
When you try to access a web page containing a keyword, you will get
a message telling you that the content filter is blocking this request.
Delete
Highlight a keyword in the lower box and click Delete to remove it.
The keyword disappears from the text box after you click Apply.
Clear All
Click this button to remove all of the listed keywords.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh
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Part IV
Part IV
Management
Bandwidth Management
Remote Management
Universal Plug-and-Play (UPnP)
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20.
20.1
21
Bandwidth
Management
Overview
This chapter contains information about configuring bandwidth management and
editing rules.
ZyXEL’s Bandwidth Management allows you to specify bandwidth management
rules based on an application.
In the figure below, uplink traffic goes from the LAN device (A) to the WAN device
(B). Bandwidth management is applied before sending the packets out to the
WAN. Downlink traffic comes back from the WAN device (B) to the LAN device
(A). Bandwidth management is applied before sending the traffic out to LAN.
Figure 83 Bandwidth Management Example
You can allocate specific amounts of bandwidth capacity (bandwidth budgets) to
individual applications (like VoIP, Web, FTP, and E-mail for example).
20.2
What You Can Do
• Use the General screen to enable bandwidth management and assign bandwidth
values.
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• Use the Advanced screen to configure bandwidth managements rule for the predefined services and applications.
• Use the Monitor screen to view the amount of network bandwidth that
applications running in the network are using.
20.3
What You Need To Know
The sum of the bandwidth allotments that apply to the WAN interface (LAN to
WAN, WLAN to WAN) must be less than or equal to the Upstream Bandwidth
that you configure in the Bandwidth Management Advanced screen.
The sum of the bandwidth allotments that apply to the LAN interface (WAN to
LAN, WAN to WLAN) must be less than or equal to the Downstream Bandwidth
that you configure in the Bandwidth Management Advanced screen.
20.4
General Screen
Use this screen to have the MWR222 apply bandwidth management.
Click Management > Bandwidth MGMT to open the bandwidth management
General screen.
Figure 84 Management > Bandwidth Management > General
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 54 Management > Bandwidth Management > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
This field allows you to have MWR222 apply bandwidth management.
Enable
Bandwidth
Management
Enable bandwidth management to give traffic that matches a
bandwidth rule priority over traffic that does not match a bandwidth
rule.
Enabling bandwidth management also allows you to control the
maximum or minimum amounts of bandwidth that can be used by
traffic that matches a bandwidth rule.
Apply
Click Apply to save your customized settings.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
20.5
Advanced Screen
Use this screen to configure bandwidth management rules for the pre-defined
services or applications.
You can also use this screen to configure bandwidth management rule for other
services or applications that are not on the pre-defined list of MWR222.
Additionally, you can define the source and destination IP addresses and port for
a service or application.
Note: The two tables shown in this screen can be configured and applied at the same
time.
Click Management > Bandwidth Management > Advanced to open the
bandwidth management Advanced screen.
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Figure 85 Management > Bandwidth Management > Advanced
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 55 Management > Bandwidth Management > Advanced
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Management Bandwidth
Upstream
Bandwidth
Downstream
Bandwidth
Select the total amount of bandwidth (from 64 Kilobits to 32 Megabits)
that you want to dedicate to uplink traffic.
This is traffic from LAN/WLAN to WAN.
Select the total amount of bandwidth (from 64 Kilobits to 32 Megabits)
that you want to dedicate to uplink traffic.
This is traffic from WAN to LAN/WLAN.
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Application List
Use this table to allocate specific amounts of bandwidth based on a
pre-defined service.
#
This is the number of an individual bandwidth management rule.
Select a priority from the drop down list box. Choose High, Mid or
Low.
Priority
Category
•
High - Select this for voice traffic or video that is especially
sensitive to jitter (jitter is the variations in delay).
•
Mid - Select this for "excellent effort" or better than best effort and
would include important business traffic that can tolerate some
delay.
•
Low - Select this for non-critical "background" traffic such as bulk
transfers that are allowed but that should not affect other
applications and users.
This is the category where a service belongs.
This is the name of the service.
Service
Select the check box to have the MWR222 apply this bandwidth
management rule.
Advanced
Setting
Click the Edit icon to open the Rule Configuration screen where you
can modify the rule.
User-defined
Service
Use this table to allocate specific amounts of bandwidth to specific
applications or services you specify.
#
This is the number of an individual bandwidth management rule.
Enable
Select this check box to have the MWR222 apply this bandwidth
management rule.
Select LAN to apply bandwidth management to traffic from WAN to
LAN.
Direction
Select WAN to apply bandwidth management to traffic from
LAN/WLAN to WAN.
Select WLAN to apply bandwidth management to traffic from WAN to
WLAN.
Service Name
Enter a descriptive name for the bandwidth management rule.
Category
This is the category where a service belongs.
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Modify
Click the Edit icon to open the Rule Configuration screen. Modify an existing
rule or create a new rule in the Rule Configuration screen. See Rule
Configuration: User Defined Service Rule Co for more information.
Click the Remove icon to delete a rule.
Apply
Click Apply to save your customized settings.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
20.5.1
Rule Configuration: Application Rule
Configuration
If you want to edit a bandwidth management rule for a pre-defined service or
application, click the Edit icon in the Application List table of the Advanced
screen. The following screen displays.
Figure 86 Bandwidth Management Rule Configuration: Application List
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 56 Bandwidth Management Rule Configuration: Application List
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
#
This is the number of an individual bandwidth management rule.
Enable
Select an interface’s check box to enable bandwidth management on
that interface.
Direction
These read-only labels represent the physical interfaces. Bandwidth
management applies to all traffic flowing out of the router through the
interface, regardless of the traffic’s source.
Traffic redirect or IP alias may cause LAN-to-LAN traffic to pass
through the MWR222 and be managed by bandwidth management.
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Bandwidth
Destination Port
Source Port
Select Maximum Bandwidth or Minimum Bandwidth and specify
the maximum or minimum bandwidth allowed for the rule in kilobits
per second.
This is the port number of the destination that define the traffic type,
for example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
See Appendix E for some common services and port numbers.
This is the port number of the source that define the traffic type, for
example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
See Appendix E for some common services and port numbers.
Protocol
This is the protocol (TCP, UDP or user-defined) used for the service.
Apply
Click Apply to save your customized settings.
Cancel
Click Cancel to exit this screen without saving.
20.5.2
Rule Configuration: User Defined Service
Rule Configuration
If you want to edit a bandwidth management rule for other applications or
services, click the Edit icon in the User-defined Service table of the Advanced
screen. The following screen displays.
Figure 87 Bandwidth Management Rule Configuration: User-defined Service
The following table describes the labels in this screen
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Table 57 Bandwidth Management Rule Configuration: User-defined Service
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
BW Budget
Select Maximum Bandwidth or Minimum Bandwidth and specify
the maximum or minimum bandwidth allowed for the rule in kilobits
per second.
Destination
Address
Destination
Subnet
Netmask
Destination Port
Source Address
Enter the IP address of the destination computer.
The MWR222 applies bandwidth management to the service or
application that is entering this computer.
Enter the subnet netmask of the destination of the traffic for which the
bandwidth management rule applies.
This is the port number of the destination that define the traffic type,
for example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
Enter the IP address of the computer that initializes traffic for the
application or service.
The MWR222 applies bandwidth management to traffic initiating from
this computer.
Source Subnet
Netmask
Enter the subnet netmask of the computer initiating the traffic for
which the bandwidth management rule applies.
Source Port
This is the port number of the source that define the traffic type, for
example TCP port 80 defines web traffic.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP, User defined) for which the
bandwidth management rule applies.
If you select User-defined, enter the protocol for which the bandwidth
management rule applies. For example, ICMP for ping traffic.
Apply
Click Apply to save your customized settings.
Cancel
Click Cancel to exit this screen without saving.
See Appendix E for commonly used services and port numbers.
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20.6
Monitor Screen
Use this screen to view the amount of network bandwidth that applications
running in the network are using.
The bandwidth is measured in kilobits per second (kbps).
The monitor shows what kinds of applications are running in the network, the
maximum kbps that each application can use, as well as the percentage of
bandwidth it is using.
Figure 88 Management > Bandwidth Management > Monitor
20.6.1 Predefined Bandwidth Management Services
The following is a description of some services that you can select and to which
you can apply media bandwidth management in the Management > Bandwidth
Management > Advanced screen.
Table 58 Media Bandwidth Management Setup: Services
SERVICE
DESCRIPTION
FTP
File Transfer Program enables fast transfer of files, including large files
that may not be possible by e-mail.
WWW
The World Wide Web (WWW) is an Internet system to distribute
graphical, hyper-linked information, based on Hyper Text Transfer
Protocol (HTTP) - a client/server protocol for the World Wide Web. The
Web is not synonymous with the Internet; rather, it is just one service
on the Internet. Other services on the Internet include Internet Relay
Chat and Newsgroups. The Web is accessed through use of a browser.
E-Mail
Electronic mail consists of messages sent through a computer network
to specific groups or individuals. Here are some default ports for e-
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mail:
VoIP (SIP)
Sending voice signals over the Internet is called Voice over IP or VoIP.
Session Initiated Protocol (SIP) is an internationally recognized
standard for implementing VoIP. SIP is an application-layer control
(signaling) protocol that handles the setting up, altering and tearing
down of voice and multimedia sessions over the Internet.
SIP is transported primarily over UDP but can also be transported over
TCP.
BitTorrent
BitTorrent is a free P2P (peer-to-peer) sharing tool allowing you to
distribute large software and media files. BitTorrent requires you to
search for a file with a search engine yourself. The client downloads
the file in small pieces and shares the pieces with other peers to get
the other pieces of the file.
Gaming
Online gaming services let you play multiplayer games on the Internet
via broadband technology. As of this writing, your MWR222 supports
Xbox, Playstation, Battlenet and MSN Game Zone.
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21.
Remote Management
21.1 Overview
This chapter provides information on the Remote Management screens.
Remote Management allows you to manage your MWR222 from a remote location
through the following interfaces:
• LAN and WAN
• LAN only
• WAN only
• SNMP v1
Note: The MWR222 is managed using the Web Configurator.
21.2 What You Can Do
Use the WWW screen ( WWW) to define the interface/s from which the MWR222 can
be managed remotely and specify a secure client that can manage the MWR222.
Use the SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) screen (Section 22.5) to
enable SNMP v1 management for the MWR222.
21.3 What You Need to Know
Remote management over LAN or WAN will not work when:
1. The IP address in the Secured Client IP Address field ( WWW) does not
match the client IP address. If it does not match, the MWR222 will disconnect
the session immediately.
2. There is already another remote management session. You may only have
one remote management session running at one time.
3. There is a firewall rule that blocks it.
4. Some mobile WAN ISP blocks remote management. (for example, Verizon
allows it but AT&T and Sprint does not.)
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21.3.1 Remote Management and NAT
When NAT is enabled:
• Use the MWR222’s WAN IP address when configuring from the WAN.
• Use the MWR222’s LAN IP address when configuring from the LAN.
21.3.2 System Timeout
There is a default system management idle timeout of five minutes (three hundred
seconds). The MWR222 automatically logs you out if the management session
remains idle for longer than this timeout period. The management session does not
time out when a statistics screen is polling. You can change the timeout period in the
System screen
21.4
WWW Screen
To change your MWR222’s remote management settings, click Management >
Remote Management > WWW.
Figure 89 Management > Remote Management > WWW
The following table describes the labels in this screen
Table 59 Management > Remote Management > WWW
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Server Port
You may change the server port number for a service if needed,
however you must use the same port number in order to use that
service for remote management.
Server Access
Select the interface(s) through which a computer may access the
MWR222 using this service.
Secured Client
IP Address
Select All to allow all computes to access the MWR222.
Otherwise, check Selected and specify the IP address of the computer
that can access the MWR222.
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Apply
Click Apply to save your customized settings and exit this screen.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
21.5
SNMP Screen
To configure your MWR222’s SNMP settings, click Management > Remote
Management > SNMP.
Figure 90 Management > Remote Management > SNMP
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 60 Management > Remote Management > SNMP
LABEL
Enable SNMP
DESCRIPTION
Select the Enable SNMP check box to enable the SNMP functions.
SNMP Version
Select the SNMP Version used by your management utility. Currently
MWR222 only supports v1.
Get / Set
Community
Enter the Community name used by your SNMP devices and programs.
Devices not in the same Community will not be able to communicate
with each other.
Apply
Click Apply to save your customized settings and exit this screen.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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22. Universal Plug-andPlay (UPnP)
22.1
Overview
This chapter introduces the UPnP feature in the web configurator.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a distributed, open networking standard that
uses TCP/IP for simple peer-to-peer network connectivity between devices. A
UPnP device can dynamically join a network, obtain an IP address, convey its
capabilities and learn about other devices on the network. In turn, a device can
leave a network smoothly and automatically when it is no longer in use.
22.2
What You Can Do
Use the UPnP screen to enable UPnP on your MWR222.
22.3
What You Need to Know
UPnP hardware is identified as an icon in the Network Connections folder
(Windows XP). Each UPnP compatible device installed on your network will appear
as a separate icon. Selecting the icon of a UPnP device will allow you to access
the information and properties of that device.
22.3.1
NAT Traversal
UPnP NAT traversal automates the process of allowing an application to operate
through NAT. UPnP network devices can automatically configure network
addressing, announce their presence in the network to other UPnP devices and
enable exchange of simple product and service descriptions. NAT traversal allows
the following:
• Dynamic port mapping
• Learning public IP addresses
• Assigning lease times to mappings
Windows Messenger is an example of an application that supports NAT traversal
and UPnP.
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See the NAT chapter for more information on NAT.
22.3.2
Cautions with UPnP
The automated nature of NAT traversal applications in establishing their own
services and opening firewall ports may present network security issues. Network
information and configuration may also be obtained and modified by users in
some network environments.
When a UPnP device joins a network, it announces its presence with a multicast
message. For security reasons, the MWR222 allows multicast messages on the
LAN only.
All UPnP-enabled devices may communicate freely with each other without
additional configuration. Disable UPnP if this is not your intention.
22.4
UPnP Screen
Use this screen to enable UPnP on your MWR222.
Click Management > UPnP to display the screen shown next.
Figure 91 Management >
UPnP
The following table describes the fields in this screen.
Table 61 Management > UPnP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable the Universal
Plug and Play (UPnP)
Feature
Select this check box to activate UPnP. Be aware that anyone
could use a UPnP application to open the web configurator's
login screen without entering the MWR222's IP address
(although you must still enter the password to access the web
configurator).
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Apply
Click Apply to save the setting to the MWR222.
Cancel
Click Cancel to return to the previously saved settings.
22.5
Technical Reference
The sections show examples of using UPnP.
22.5.1
Using UPnP in Windows XP Example
This section shows you how to use the UPnP feature in Windows XP. You must
already have UPnP installed in Windows XP and UPnP activated on the MWR222.
Make sure the computer is connected to a LAN port of the MWR222. Turn on your
computer and the MWR222.
22.5.1.1
Auto-discover Your UPnP-enabled Network Device
1
Click start and Control Panel. Double-click Network Connections. An
icon displays under Internet Gateway.
2
Right-click the icon and select Properties.
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Figure 92 Network Connections
3
In the Internet Connection Properties window, click Settings to see
the port mappings there were automatically created.
Figure 93 Internet Connection Properties
4
You may edit or delete the port mappings or click Add to manually add
port mappings.
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Figure 94 Internet Connection Properties: Advanced Settings
Figure 95 Internet Connection Properties: Advanced Settings:
Add
Note: When the UPnP-enabled device is disconnected from your computer, all port
mappings will be deleted automatically.
5
Select Show icon in notification area when connected option and click
OK. An icon displays in the system tray.
Figure 96 System Tray Icon
6
Double-click on the icon to display your current Internet connection status.
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Figure 97 Internet Connection Status
22.5.2 Web Configurator Easy Access
With UPnP, you can access the web-based configurator on the MWR222 without
finding out the IP address of the MWR222 first. This comes helpful if you do not
know the IP address of the MWR222.
Follow the steps below to access the web configurator.
1
Click Start and then Control Panel.
2
Double-click Network Connections.
3
Select My Network Places under Other Places.
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Figure 98 Network Connections
4
An icon with the description for each UPnP-enabled device displays under
Local Network.
5
Right-click on the icon for your MWR222 and select Invoke. The web
configurator login screen displays.
Figure 99 Network Connections: My Network Places
6
Right-click on the icon for your MWR222 and select Properties. A
properties window displays with basic information about the MWR222.
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Figure 100 Network Connections: My Network Places: Properties:
Example
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Part V
Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
Maintenance
Password
Time
Firmware Upgrade
Backup/Restore/Reset
Restart
Sys OP Mode
Alert
Troubleshooting
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23.
23.1
Maintenance
Overview
This chapter provides information on the Maintenance > General screen.
23.2
What You Can Do
• Use the General screen to enter a name to identify the MWR222 in the network
and set the password.
• Use the Time Setting screen to change your MWR222’s time and date.
23.3
General Screen
Use this screen to enter a name to identify the MWR222 in the network and set
the password. Click Maintenance > General. The following screen displays.
Figure 101 Maintenance > General
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 62 Maintenance > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
System Setup
System Name
System Name is a unique name to identify the MWR222 in an
Ethernet network.
Domain Name
Enter the domain name you want to give to the MWR222.
Administrator
Inactivity Timer
Type how many minutes a management session can be left idle
before the session times out. The default is 5 minutes. After it times
out you have to log in with your password again. Very long idle
timeouts may have security risks. A value of "0" means a
management session never times out, no matter how long it has
been left idle (not recommended).
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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24.
Password
24.1 Overview
This chapter contains information about configuring general log settings and
viewing the MWR222’s logs. Refer to the appendices for example log message
explanations.
The Web Configurator allows you to look at all of the MWR222’s logs in one
location.
24.2 What You Can Do
Use the View Log screen to see the logs for the categories such as system
maintenance, system errors, access control, allowed or blocked web sites,
blocked web features, and so on.
24.3 What You Need to Know
An alert is a type of log that warrants more serious attention. They include
system errors, attacks (access control) and attempted access to blocked web
sites or web sites with restricted web features such as cookies, active X and so
on. Some categories such as System Errors consist of both logs and alerts. You
may differentiate them by their color in the View Log screen. Alerts display in
red and logs display in black.
Alerts are e-mailed as soon as they happen. Logs may be e-mailed as soon as the
log is full (see Log Schedule). Selecting many alert and/or log categories
(especially Access Control) may result in many e-mails being sent.
24.4 Password Screen
Use the View Log screen to see the logged messages for the MWR222. Options
include logs about system maintenance, system errors, access control, allowed or
blocked web sites, blocked web features (such as ActiveX controls, Java and
cookies), attacks (such as DoS) and IPSec.
Log entries in red indicate system error logs. The log wraps around and deletes
the old entries after it fills. Click a column heading to sort the entries. A triangle
indicates ascending or descending sort order.
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Click Maintenance > Password.
Figure 102 Maintenance > Password
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 63 Maintenance > Password
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Password Setup
Change your MWR222’s password (recommended) using the fields as
shown.
Old Password
Type the default password or the existing password you use to
access the system in this field.
New Password
Type your new system password (up to 30 characters). Note that as
you type a password, the screen displays an asterisk (*) for each
character you type.
Retype to
Confirm
Type the new password again in this field.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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25.
25.1
T i me
Overview
This chapter provides information on the Time Setting screens. See Section
3.2.3 for more information on how to set up the MWR222’s date and time.
25.2
What You Can Do
Use the Time Setting screen to change your MWR222’s time and date.
25.3
Time Setting Screen
Use this screen to configure the MWR222’s time based on your local time zone.
To change your MWR222’s time and date, click Maintenance > System > Time
Setting. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 103 Maintenance > Time
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 64 Maintenance > Time
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Current Time and Date
This field displays the time of your MWR222.
Current Time
Each time you reload this page, the MWR222 synchronizes the time
with the time server.
This field displays the date of your MWR222.
Current Date
Each time you reload this page, the MWR222 synchronizes the date
with the time server.
Current Time and Date
Manual
New Time
(hh:mm:ss)
New Date
Select this radio button to enter the time and date manually. If you
configure a new time and date, Time Zone and Daylight Saving at
the same time, the new time and date you entered has priority and
the Time Zone and Daylight Saving settings do not affect it.
This field displays the last updated time from the time server or the
last time configured manually.
When you set Time and Date Setup to Manual, enter the new
time in this field and then click Apply.
This field displays the last updated date from the time server or the
last date configured manually.
(yyyy/mm/dd)
When you set Time and Date Setup to Manual, enter the new
date in this field and then click Apply.
Get from Time
Server
Select this radio button to have the MWR222 get the time and date
from the time server you specified below.
Auto
Select Auto to have the MWR222 automatically search for an
available time server and synchronize the date and time with the
time server after you click Apply.
User Defined
Time Server
Address
Select User Defined Time Server Address and enter the IP
address or URL (up to 20 extended ASCII characters in length) of
your time server. Check with your ISP/network administrator if you
are unsure of this information.
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Time Zone Setup
Time Zone
Daylight Savings
Choose the time zone of your location. This will set the time
difference between your time zone and Greenwich Mean Time
(GMT).
Daylight saving is a period from late spring to early fall when many
countries set their clocks ahead of normal local time by one hour to
give more daytime light in the evening.
Select this option if you use Daylight Saving Time.
Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time starts if you
selected Daylight Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour
format. Here are a couple of examples:
Start Date
Daylight Saving Time starts in most parts of the United States on the
first Sunday of April. Each time zone in the United States starts
using Daylight Saving Time at 2 A.M. local time. So in the United
States you would select First, Sunday, April and type 2 in the
o'clock field.
Daylight Saving Time starts in the European Union on the last
Sunday of March. All of the time zones in the European Union start
using Daylight Saving Time at the same moment (1 A.M. GMT or
UTC). So in the European Union you would select Last, Sunday,
March. The time you type in the o'clock field depends on your time
zone. In Germany for instance, you would type 2 because Germany's
time zone is one hour ahead of GMT or UTC (GMT+1).
Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time ends if you
selected Daylight Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour
format. Here are a couple of examples:
End Date
Daylight Saving Time ends in the United States on the last Sunday of
October. Each time zone in the United States stops using Daylight
Saving Time at 2 A.M. local time. So in the United States you would
select Last, Sunday, October and type 2 in the o'clock field.
Daylight Saving Time ends in the European Union on the last Sunday
of October. All of the time zones in the European Union stop using
Daylight Saving Time at the same moment (1 A.M. GMT or UTC). So
in the European Union you would select Last, Sunday, October.
The time you type in the o'clock field depends on your time zone. In
Germany for instance, you would type 2 because Germany's time
zone is one hour ahead of GMT or UTC (GMT+1).
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the MWR222.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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26.
26.1
Firmware Upgrade
Overview
This chapter shows you how to upload a new firmware, upload or save backup
configuration files and restart the MWR222.
26.2
What You Can Do
Use the Firmware screen to upload firmware to your MWR222.
26.3
Firmware Upload Screen
Find firmware at http://us.zyxel.com/Support/Download-Library.aspx. The upload
process uses HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and may take up to two
minutes. After a successful upload, the system will reboot.
Click Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade. Follow the instructions in this screen
to upload firmware to your MWR222.
Figure 104 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
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Table 65 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
File Path
Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click
Browse... to find it.
Browse...
Click Browse... to find the .bin file you want to upload. Remember that
you must decompress compressed (.zip) files before you can upload
them.
Upload
Click Upload to begin the upload process. This process may take up to
two minutes.
Note: Do not turn off the MWR222 while firmware upload is in progress!
After you see the Firmware Upload In Process screen, wait two minutes before
logging into the MWR222 again.
The MWR222 automatically restarts in this time causing a temporary network
disconnect. In some operating systems, you may see the following icon on your
desktop.
Figure 105 Network Temporarily Disconnected
After two minutes, log in again and check your new firmware version in the
Status screen.
If the upload was not successful, an error message appears. Click Return to go
back to the Firmware screen.
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27. Backup/Restore/ Reset
27.1
Overview
This chapter shows you how to backup, restore and reset your MWR222.
Backup configuration allows you to back up (save) the MWR222’s current
configuration to a file on your computer. Once your MWR222 is configured and
functioning properly, it is highly recommended that you back up your
configuration file before making configuration changes. The backup configuration
file will be useful in case you need to return to your previous settings.
Restore configuration allows you to upload a new or previously saved
configuration file from your computer to your MWR222.
Reset configuration allows you to restore the configuration to factory default.
27.2
What You Can Do
Use the Backup/Restore/Reset screen to view information related to factory
defaults, backup configuration, and restoring configuration.
27.3
Configuration Screen
Click Maintenance > Backup/Restore/Reset. Information related to factory
defaults, backup configuration, and restoring configuration appears as shown
next.
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Figure 106 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 66 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Backup
Click Backup to save the MWR222’s current configuration to your
computer.
File Path
Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click
Browse... to find it.
Browse...
Click Browse... to find the file you want to upload. Remember that you
must decompress compressed (.ZIP) files before you can upload them.
Click Upload to begin the upload process.
Note: Do not turn off the MWR222 while configuration file upload is in
progress.
Upload
After you see a “configuration upload successful” screen, you must then
wait one minute before logging into the MWR222 again. The MWR222
automatically restarts in this time causing a temporary network
disconnect.
If you see an error screen, click Back to return to the Backup/Restore
screen.
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Pressing the Reset button in this section clears all user-entered
configuration information and returns the MWR222 to its factory
defaults.
Reset
You can also press the RESET button on the rear panel to reset
the factory defaults of your MWR222. Refer to the chapter about
introducing the Web Configurator for more information on the
RESET button.
Note: If you uploaded the default configuration file you may need to change the IP
address of your computer to be in the same subnet as that of the default
MWR222 IP address (192.168.10.1). See Appendix C for details on how to set
up your computer’s IP address.
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28. Restart
28.1
Overview
This chapter shows you how to restart your MWR222.
28.2
What You Can Do
Use the Restart screen to boot the MWR222 without turning the power off.
28.3
Restart Screen
System restart allows you to reboot the MWR222 without turning the power off.
Click Maintenance > Restart to open the following screen.
Figure 107 Maintenance >
Reset/Restart
Click Restart to have the MWR222 reboot. This does not affect the MWR222's
configuration.
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29. Sys OP Mode
29.1
Overview
The Sys OP Mode (System Operation Mode) function lets you configure your
MWR222 as a router, access point or Wireless ISP (WISP) client. You can choose
between Router Mode, Access Point Mode and WISP Mode depending on
your network topology and the features you require from your device.
See Section 5.1.2 for more information on which mode to choose.
29.2
What You Can Do
Use the Sys OP Mode screen (Sys Op Mode Screen) to select how you want to
use your MWR222.
29.3
What You Need to Know
The following describes the device modes available in your MWR222.
Router
A router connects your local network with another network, such as the Internet.
The router has two IP addresses, the LAN IP address and the WAN IP address.
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Figure 108 LAN and WAN IP Addresses in Router Mode
Access Point
An access point enabled all Ethernet ports to be bridged together and be in the
same subnet. To connect to the Internet, another device, such as a router, is
required.
Figure 109 IP Address in Access Point Mode
WISP
A WISP client connects to an existing access point wirelessly. It acts just like a
wireless client in notebooks/computers.
Figure 110 IP Address in Access Point Mode
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29.4
Sys Op Mode Screen
Use this screen to select how you want to use your MWR222.
Figure 111 Maintenance > Sys OP Mode
The following table describes the labels in the General screen.
Table 67 Maintenance > Sys OP Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
System Operation Mode
Router
Select Router Mode if your device routes traffic between a local network
and another network such as the Internet. This mode offers services such
as a firewall or bandwidth management.
You can configure the IP address settings on your WAN port. Contact
your ISP or system administrator for more information on appropriate
settings.
Select Access Point Mode if your device bridges traffic between clients
on the same network.
Access Point
•
In Access Point mode all Ethernet ports have the same IP address.
•
All ports on the rear panel of the device are LAN ports, including the
port labeled WAN. There is no WAN port.
•
The DHCP server on your device is disabled.
•
The IP address of the device on the local network is set to
192.168.10.2.
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Select WISP Mode if your device needs a wireless client to connect to an
existing access point.
WISP Mode
•
You cannot configure Wireless LAN settings (including WPS) and
scheduling in the WISP mode.
•
The IP address of the device on the local network is the same as the
IP address given to the MWR222 while in router mode (default is
192.168.10.1).
Apply
Click Apply to save your settings.
Reset
Click Reset to return your settings to the default (Router)
Note: If you select the incorrect System Operation Mode you may not be able to
connect to the Internet.
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30. Alert
30.1
Overview
The Alert (SMTP) function enable MWR222 sends mobile data usage alert to the
users. When the router has downloaded data reaching 90% of the usage
allowance, the quota manager will send a warning alert to the users (if the EmailAlert is enabled) and /or post a log to the system. All the subsequent alerts will
indicate the percentage of the current quota usage in the email and/or log as
well.
See Section 5.1.2 for more information on which mode to choose.
30.2
What You Can Do
Use the Alert screen to select how you want your MWR222 to contact you with
alerts.
30.3
Alert Screen
Use this screen to select the Alert settings for your MWR222.
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Figure 112 Maintenance > Alert
The following table describes the labels in the Alert screen.
Table 68 Maintenance > Alert
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable Alert
Select Enable Alert to use the alert functions of the MWR222.
Enable Log
Select Enable Log to send system log information in the alert.
Enable Email
Select Enable Email to allow alert information to be sent by email.
Email
Address
Type the Email Address you want the alerts sent to.
Username
Password
SMTP Server
Type the Username required by your SMTP Server.
Type the password associated with the Username above.
Type the address of your SMTP server.
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Enable
Secondary
Email
Recipient
Select Enable Secondary Email Recipient to set up a second email
address to send alerts to.
Apply
Click Apply to save your settings.
Reset
Click Reset to return your settings to the default (Router)
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C h a p t e r
3 1
31 Troubleshooting
This chapter offers some suggestions to solve problems you might encounter. The
potential problems are divided into the following categories.
• Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs
• Internet Access
• Resetting
• Wireless Router/AP Troubleshooting
31.1
LEDs
Power, Hardware Connections, and
The MWR222 does not turn on. None of the LEDs turn on.
1
Make sure you are using the power adaptor or cord included with the
MWR222.
2
Make sure the power adaptor or cord is connected to the MWR222 and
plugged in to an appropriate power source. Make sure the power
source is turned on.
3
Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor or cord to the MWR222.
4
If the problem continues, contact the vendor.
One of the LEDs does not behave as expected.
1
Make sure you understand the normal behavior of the LED. See
Section 1.5.
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2
Check the hardware connections. See the Quick Start Guide.
3
Inspect your cables for damage. Contact the vendor to replace any
damaged cables.
4
Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor to the MWR222.
5
If the problem continues, contact the vendor.
31.2
MWR222 Access and Login
I don’t know the IP address of my MWR222.
1
The default IP address is 192.168.10.1.
2
If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it, you might get the
IP address of the MWR222 by looking up the IP address of the default
gateway for your computer. To do this in most Windows computers,
click Start > Run, enter cmd, and then enter ipconfig. The IP
address of the Default Gateway might be the IP address of the
MWR222 (it depends on the network), so enter this IP address in your
Internet browser. Set your device to Router Mode, login (see the
Quick Start Guide for instructions) and go to the Device Information
table in the Status screen. Your MWR222’s IP address is available in
the Device Information table.
• If the DHCP setting under LAN information is None, your device has a
fixed IP address.
• If the DHCP setting under LAN information is Client, then your device
receives an IP address from a DHCP server on the network.
3
If your MWR222 is a DHCP client, you can find your IP address from
the DHCP server. This information is only available from the DHCP
server which allocates IP addresses on your network. Find this
information directly from the DHCP server or contact your system
administrator for more information.
4
Reset your MWR222 to change all settings back to their default. This
means your current settings are lost. See Resetting in the
Troubleshooting for information on resetting your MWR222.
I forgot the password.
1
The default password is 1234.
2
If this does not work, you have to reset the device to its factory
defaults. See Resetting .
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I cannot see or access the Login screen in the Web Configurator.
1
Make sure you are using the correct IP address.
• The default IP address is 192.168.10.1.
• If you changed the IP address (Section 13.4), use the new IP
address.
• If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it, see the
troubleshooting suggestions for I don’t know the IP address of my
2
Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are
behaving as expected. See the Quick Start Guide.
3
Make sure your Internet browser does not block pop-up windows and
has JavaScripts and Java enabled. See Appendix A.
4
Make sure your computer is in the same subnet as the MWR222. (If
you know that there are routers between your computer and the
MWR222, skip this step.)
• If there is a DHCP server on your network, make sure your computer
is using a dynamic IP address. See Section 14.3.
• If there is no DHCP server on your network, make sure your
computer’s IP address is in the same subnet as the MWR222. See
Appendix B.
5
Reset the device to its factory defaults, and try to access the MWR222
with the default IP address. See Section 28.3.
6
If the problem continues, contact the network administrator or vendor,
or try one of the advanced suggestions.
Advanced Suggestion
I can see the Login screen, but I cannot log in to the MWR222.
1
Make sure you have entered the password correctly. The default
password is 1234. This field is case-sensitive, so make sure [Caps
Lock] is not on.
2
This can happen when you fail to log out properly from your last
session. Try logging in again after 5 minutes.
3
Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor or cord to the MWR222.
4
If this does not work, you have to reset the device to its factory
defaults. See Resetting .
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31.3
Internet Access
I cannot access the Internet.
1
Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are
behaving as expected. See the Quick Start Guide.
2
Make sure you entered your ISP account information correctly. These
fields are case-sensitive, so make sure [Caps Lock] is not on.
3
If you are trying to access the Internet wirelessly, make sure the
wireless settings in the wireless client are the same as the settings in
the AP.
• Go to Network > Wireless LAN > General > WDS and check if the
MWR222 is set to bridge mode. Select Disable and try to connect to
the Internet again.
4
Disconnect all the cables from your device, and follow the directions in
the Quick Start Guide again.
5
Go to Maintenance > Sys OP Mode > General. Check your System
Operation Mode setting.
• Select Router if your device routes traffic between a local network
and another network such as the Internet.
• Select Access Point if your device bridges traffic between clients on
the same network.
6
If the problem continues, contact your ISP.
I cannot access the Internet though mobile WAN
1. Make sure your 3G adapter is activated, account is valid with your
Internet service provider
2. Make sure you have configured the mobile WAN port correctly.
3. Disconnect the 3G adapter from the USB port, and follow the directions
in the Quick Start Guide again.
5. Make sure you have selected router mode under Sys OP mode
configuration page.
I cannot access the Internet anymore. I had access to the Internet (with
the MWR222), but my Internet connection is not available anymore.
1
Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are
behaving as expected. See the Quick Start Guide and Section 1.5.
2
Reboot the MWR222.
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3
If the problem continues, contact your ISP.
The Internet connection is slow or intermittent.
1
There might be a lot of traffic on the network. Look at the LEDs, and
check Section 1.5. If the MWR222 is sending or receiving a lot of
information, try closing some programs that use the Internet,
especially peer-to-peer applications.
2
Check the signal strength. If the signal strength is low, try moving the
MWR222 closer to the AP if possible, and look around to see if there
are any devices that might be interfering with the wireless network (for
example, microwaves, other wireless networks, and so on).
3
Reboot the MWR222.
4
If the problem continues, contact the network administrator or vendor,
or try one of the advanced suggestions.
Advanced Suggestions
• Check the settings for bandwidth management. If it is disabled, you might
consider activating it. If it is enabled, you might consider changing the
allocations.
• Check the settings for QoS. If it is disabled, you might consider activating it. If
it is enabled, you might consider raising or lowering the priority for some
applications.
31.4
Resetting MWR222 to Factory
Defaults
If you reset the MWR222, you lose all of the changes you have made. The
MWR222 re-loads its default settings, and the password resets to 1234. You have
to make all of your changes again.
You will lose all of your changes when you push the RESET button.
To reset the MWR222,
1
Make sure the power LED is on.
2
Press the RESET button for longer than 1 second to restart/reboot the
MWR222.
3
Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the
MWR222 back to its factory-default configurations.
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If the MWR222 restarts automatically, wait for the MWR222 to finish restarting,
and log in to the Web Configurator. The password is “1234”.
If the MWR222 does not restart automatically, disconnect and reconnect the
MWR222’s power. Then, follow the directions above again.
31.5
Wireless Router/AP
Troubleshooting
I cannot access the MWR222 or ping any computer from the WLAN
(wireless AP or router).
1
Make sure the wireless LAN is enabled on the MWR222
2
Make sure the wireless adapter on the wireless station is working
properly.
3
Make sure the wireless adapter installed on your computer is IEEE
802.11 compatible and supports the same wireless standard as the
MWR222.
4
Make sure your computer (with a wireless adapter installed) is within
the transmission range of the MWR222.
5
Check that both the MWR222 and your wireless station are using the
same wireless and wireless security settings.
6
Make sure traffic between the WLAN and the LAN is not blocked by the
firewall on the MWR222.
7
Make sure you allow the MWR222 to be remotely accessed through the
WLAN interface. Check your remote management settings.
• See the chapter on Wireless LAN in the User’s Guide for more information.
I set up URL keyword blocking, but I can still access a website that
should be blocked.
Make sure that you select the Enable URL Keyword Blocking check box in the
Content Filtering screen. Make sure that the keywords that you type are listed in
the Keyword List.
If a keyword that is listed in the Keyword List is not blocked when it is found in
a URL, customize the keyword blocking using commands. See the Customizing
Keyword Blocking URL Checking section in the Content Filter chapter.
I can access the Internet, but I cannot open my network folders.
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In the Network > LAN > Advanced screen, make sure Allow between LAN and
WAN is checked. This is not checked by default to keep the LAN secure.
If you still cannot access a network folder, make sure your account has access
rights to the folder you are trying to open.
I can access the Web Configurator after I switched to AP mode.
When you change from router mode to AP mode, your computer must have an IP
address in the range between “192.168.10.3” and “192.168.10.254”.
Refer to Appendix C for instructions on how to change your computer’s IP
address.
The following tables summarize the MWR222’s hardware and firmware features.
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Table 69 Hardware Features
Dimensions (W x D x
H)
162 mm x 115 mm x 33 mm
Weight
252 g
Power Specification
Ethernet ports
Input: 100~240 V AC, 50~60 Hz
Output: 5V DC 2A
Auto-negotiating: 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps in either half-duplex or
full-duplex mode.
Auto-crossover: Use either crossover or straight-through
Ethernet cables.
LEDs
PWR, Battery, LAN/WAN, WLAN, WPS, USB
Reset Button
The reset button is built into the rear panel. Use this button to
restore the MWR222 to its factory default settings. Press for 1
second to restart the device. Press for 5 seconds to restore to
factory default settings.
WPS button
Press the WPS on two WPS enabled devices within 120 seconds
for a security-enabled wireless connection.
Wireless Switch
Turn on or turn off the wireless function of the MWR222 using
this switch. There is no need to go into the Web Configurator.
Operation
Environment
Storage Environment
Temperature: 0º C ~ 40º C / 32ºF ~ 104ºF
Humidity: 20% ~ 90%
Temperature: -30º C ~ 70º C / -22ºF ~ 158ºF
Humidity: 20% ~ 95%
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Table 70 Firmware Features
FEATURE
Default IP Address
DESCRIPTION
192.168.10.1 (router)
192.168.10.2. (AP)
Default Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
Default Password
1234
DHCP Pool
192.168.10.33 to 192.168.10.64
Wireless Interface
Wireless LAN
Default Wireless SSID
ZyXEL
Default Wireless DHCP
Pool Size
Wireless LAN: Same as LAN (32 from 192.168.10.33 to
192.168.10.64)
Device Management
Use the Web Configurator to easily configure the rich range of
features on the MWR222.
Allows IEEE 802.11b and/or IEEE 802.11g wireless clients to
connect to the MWR222 wirelessly. Enable wireless security (
WPA(2)-PSK) and/or MAC filtering to protect your wireless
network.
Wireless Functionality
Firmware Upgrade
Note: The MWR222 may be prone to RF (Radio
Frequency) interference from other 2.4 GHz devices
such as microwave ovens, wireless phones,
Bluetooth enabled devices, and other wireless LANs.
Download new firmware (when available) from the ZyXEL web
site and use the Web Configurator to put it on the MWR222.
Note: Only upload firmware for your specific model!
Configuration Backup &
Restoration
Make a copy of the MWR222’s configuration and put it back on
the MWR222 later if you decide you want to revert back to an
earlier configuration.
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Network Address
Translation (NAT)
Each computer on your network must have its own unique IP
address. Use NAT to convert a single public IP address to
multiple private IP addresses for the computers on your
network.
Firewall
You can configure firewall on the MWR222 for secure Internet
access. When the firewall is on, by default, all incoming traffic
from the Internet to your network is blocked unless it is
initiated from your network. This means that probes from the
outside to your network are not allowed, but you can safely
browse the Internet and download files for example.
Content Filter
The MWR222 blocks or allows access to web sites that you
specify and blocks access to web sites with URLs that contain
keywords that you specify. You can define time periods and
days during which content filtering is enabled. You can also
include or exclude particular computers on your network from
content filtering.
You can also subscribe to category-based content filtering that
allows your MWR222 to check web sites against an external
database.
Bandwidth Management
You can efficiently manage traffic on your network by
reserving bandwidth and giving priority to certain types of
traffic and/or to particular computers.
Remote Management
This allows you to decide whether a service (HTTP or FTP
traffic for example) from a computer on a network (LAN or
WAN for example) can access the MWR222.
Wireless LAN Scheduler
You can schedule the times the Wireless LAN is
enabled/disabled.
Time and Date
Get the current time and date from an external server when
you turn on your MWR222. You can also set the time
manually. These dates and times are then used in logs.
Port Forwarding
If you have a server (mail or web server for example) on your
network, then use this feature to let people access it from the
Internet.
DHCP (Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol)
Use this feature to have the MWR222 assign IP addresses, an
IP default gateway and DNS servers to computers on your
network.
Dynamic DNS Support
With Dynamic DNS (Domain Name System) support, you can
use a fixed URL, www.zyxel.com for example, with a dynamic
IP address. You must register for this service with a Dynamic
DNS service provider.
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IP Multicast
IP Multicast is used to send traffic to a specific group of
computers. The MWR222 supports versions 1 and 2 of IGMP
(Internet Group Management Protocol) used to join multicast
groups (see RFC 2236).
Logging
Use logs for troubleshooting. You can view logs in the Web
Configurator.
PPPoE
PPPoE mimics a dial-up Internet access connection.
PPTP Encapsulation
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) enables secure
transfer of data through a Virtual Private Network (VPN). The
MWR222 supports one PPTP connection at a time.
Universal Plug and Play
(UPnP)
The MWR222 can communicate with other UPnP enabled
devices in a network.
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32 Product
Specifications
The following tables summarize the MWR222’s hardware and firmware
features.
Table 71 Hardware Features
Dimensions (W x D x
H)
162 mm x 115 mm x 33 mm
Weight
252 g
Power Specification
Ethernet ports
Input: 100~240 V AC, 50~60 Hz
Output: 5V DC 2A
Auto-negotiating: 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps in either half-duplex or
full-duplex mode.
Auto-crossover: Use either crossover or straight-through
Ethernet cables.
LEDs
PWR, Battery, LAN/WAN, WLAN, WPS, USB
Reset Button
The reset button is built into the rear panel. Use this button to
restore the MWR222 to its factory default settings. Press for 1
second to restart the device. Press for 5 seconds to restore to
factory default settings.
WPS button
Press the WPS on two WPS enabled devices within 120 seconds
for a security-enabled wireless connection.
Wireless Switch
Turn on or turn off the wireless function of the MWR222 using
this switch. There is no need to go into the Web Configurator.
Operation
Environment
Storage Environment
Temperature: 0º C ~ 40º C / 32ºF ~ 104ºF
Humidity: 20% ~ 90%
Temperature: -30º C ~ 70º C / -22ºF ~ 158ºF
Humidity: 20% ~ 95%
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Table 72 Firmware Features
FEATURE
Default IP Address
DESCRIPTION
192.168.10.1 (router)
192.168.10.2. (AP)
Default Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
Default Password
1234
DHCP Pool
192.168.10.33 to 192.168.10.64
Wireless Interface
Wireless LAN
Default Wireless SSID
ZyXEL
Default Wireless DHCP
Pool Size
Wireless LAN: Same as LAN (32 from 192.168.10.33 to
192.168.10.64)
Device Management
Use the Web Configurator to easily configure the rich range of
features on the MWR222.
Allows IEEE 802.11b and/or IEEE 802.11g wireless clients to
connect to the MWR222 wirelessly. Enable wireless security (
WPA(2)-PSK) and/or MAC filtering to protect your wireless
network.
Wireless Functionality
Firmware Upgrade
Note: The MWR222 may be prone to RF (Radio
Frequency) interference from other 2.4 GHz devices
such as microwave ovens, wireless phones,
Bluetooth enabled devices, and other wireless LANs.
Download new firmware (when available) from the ZyXEL web
site and use the Web Configurator to put it on the MWR222.
Note: Only upload firmware for your specific model!
Configuration Backup &
Restoration
Make a copy of the MWR222’s configuration and put it back on
the MWR222 later if you decide you want to revert back to an
earlier configuration.
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Network Address
Translation (NAT)
Each computer on your network must have its own unique IP
address. Use NAT to convert a single public IP address to
multiple private IP addresses for the computers on your
network.
Firewall
You can configure firewall on the MWR222 for secure Internet
access. When the firewall is on, by default, all incoming traffic
from the Internet to your network is blocked unless it is
initiated from your network. This means that probes from the
outside to your network are not allowed, but you can safely
browse the Internet and download files for example.
Content Filter
The MWR222 blocks or allows access to web sites that you
specify and blocks access to web sites with URLs that contain
keywords that you specify. You can define time periods and
days during which content filtering is enabled. You can also
include or exclude particular computers on your network from
content filtering.
You can also subscribe to category-based content filtering that
allows your MWR222 to check web sites against an external
database.
Bandwidth Management
You can efficiently manage traffic on your network by
reserving bandwidth and giving priority to certain types of
traffic and/or to particular computers.
Remote Management
This allows you to decide whether a service (HTTP or FTP
traffic for example) from a computer on a network (LAN or
WAN for example) can access the MWR222.
Wireless LAN Scheduler
You can schedule the times the Wireless LAN is
enabled/disabled.
Time and Date
Get the current time and date from an external server when
you turn on your MWR222. You can also set the time
manually. These dates and times are then used in logs.
Port Forwarding
If you have a server (mail or web server for example) on your
network, then use this feature to let people access it from the
Internet.
DHCP (Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol)
Use this feature to have the MWR222 assign IP addresses, an
IP default gateway and DNS servers to computers on your
network.
Dynamic DNS Support
With Dynamic DNS (Domain Name System) support, you can
use a fixed URL, www.zyxel.com for example, with a dynamic
IP address. You must register for this service with a Dynamic
DNS service provider.
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IP Multicast
IP Multicast is used to send traffic to a specific group of
computers. The MWR222 supports versions 1 and 2 of IGMP
(Internet Group Management Protocol) used to join multicast
groups (see RFC 2236).
Logging
Use logs for troubleshooting. You can view logs in the Web
Configurator.
PPPoE
PPPoE mimics a dial-up Internet access connection.
PPTP Encapsulation
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) enables secure
transfer of data through a Virtual Private Network (VPN). The
MWR222 supports one PPTP connection at a time.
Universal Plug and Play
(UPnP)
The MWR222 can communicate with other UPnP enabled
devices in a network.
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Part VI
Appendices and
Index
Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
IP Addresses and Subnetting
Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address
Wireless LANs
Common Services
Legal Information
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Ap pe ndi x
A
Appendix A
Pop-up Windows,
JavaScripts and Java
Permissions
In order to use the Web Configurator you need to allow:
• Web browser pop-up windows from your device.
• JavaScripts (enabled by default).
• Java permissions (enabled by default).
Note: Internet Explorer 6 screens are used here. Screens for other Internet Explorer
versions may vary.
Internet Explorer Pop-up Blockers
You may have to disable pop-up blocking to log into your device.
Either disable pop-up blocking (enabled by default in Windows XP SP (Service
Pack) 2) or allow pop-up blocking and create an exception for your device’s IP
address.
Disable pop-up Blockers
1
In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Pop-up Blocker and then select
Turn Off Pop-up Blocker.
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Figure 113 Pop-up Blocker
You can also check if pop-up blocking is disabled in the Pop-up Blocker section
in the Privacy tab.
1
In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options, Privacy.
2
Clear the Block pop-ups check box in the Pop-up Blocker section of
the screen. This disables any web pop-up blockers you may have
enabled.
Figure 114 Internet Options: Privacy
3
Click Apply to save this setting.
Enable pop-up Blockers with Exceptions
Alternatively, if you only want to allow pop-up windows from your device, see the
following steps.
1
In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options and then the
Privacy tab.
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2
Select Settings…to open the Pop-up Blocker Settings screen.
Figure 115 Internet Options: Privacy
3
Type the IP address of your device (the web page that you do not want
to have blocked) with the prefix “http://”. For example,
http://192.168.167.1.
4
Click Add to move the IP address to the list of Allowed sites.
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Figure 116 Pop-up Blocker Settings
5
Click Close to return to the Privacy screen.
6
Click Apply to save this setting.
JavaScripts
If pages of the Web Configurator do not display properly in Internet Explorer,
check that JavaScripts are allowed.
1
In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the
Security tab.
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Figure 117 Internet Options: Security
2
Click the Custom Level... button.
3
Scroll down to Scripting.
4
Under Active scripting make sure that Enable is selected (the
default).
5
Under Scripting of Java applets make sure that Enable is selected
(the default).
6
Click OK to close the window.
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Figure 118 Security Settings - Java Scripting
Java Permissions
1
From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the
Security tab.
2
Click the Custom Level... button.
3
Scroll down to Microsoft VM.
4
Under Java permissions make sure that a safety level is selected.
5
Click OK to close the window.
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Figure 119 Security Settings – Java
JAVA (Sun)
1
From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the
Advanced tab.
2
Make sure that Use Java 2 for <applet> under Java (Sun) is
selected.
3
Click OK to close the window.
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Figure 120 Java (Sun)
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Appendix B
IP Addresses and
Subnetting
This appendix introduces IP addresses and subnet masks.
IP addresses identify individual devices on a network. Every networking device
(including computers, servers, routers, printers, etc.) needs an IP address to
communicate across the network. These networking devices are also known as
hosts.
Subnet masks determine the maximum number of possible hosts on a network.
You can also use subnet masks to divide one network into multiple sub-networks.
Introduction to IP Addresses
One part of the IP address is the network number, and the other part is the host
ID. In the same way that houses on a street share a common street name, the
hosts on a network share a common network number. Similarly, as each house
has its own house number, each host on the network has its own unique
identifying number - the host ID. Routers use the network number to send
packets to the correct network, while the host ID determines to which host on the
network the packets are delivered.
Structure
An IP address is made up of four parts, written in dotted decimal notation (for
example, 192.168.1.1). Each of these four parts is known as an octet. An octet is
an eight-digit binary number (for example 11000000, which is 192 in decimal
notation).
Therefore, each octet has a possible range of 00000000 to 11111111 in binary, or
0 to 255 in decimal.
The following figure shows an example IP address in which the first three octets
(192.168.1) are the network number, and the fourth octet (16) is the host ID.
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Figure 121 Network Number and Host ID
How much of the IP address is the network number and how much is the host ID
varies according to the subnet mask.
Subnet Masks
A subnet mask is used to determine which bits are part of the network number,
and which bits are part of the host ID (using a logical AND operation). The term
“subnet” is short for “sub-network”.
A subnet mask has 32 bits. If a bit in the subnet mask is a “1” then the
corresponding bit in the IP address is part of the network number. If a bit in the
subnet mask is “0” then the corresponding bit in the IP address is part of the host
ID.
The following example shows a subnet mask identifying the network number (in
bold text) and host ID of an IP address (192.168.1.2 in decimal).
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Table 73 Subnet Mask - Identifying Network Number
1ST
OCTET:
2ND
OCTET:
3RD
OCTET:
4TH
OCTET
(192)
(168)
(1)
(2)
IP Address (Binary)
11000000
10101000
00000001
00000010
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111 11111111 11111111 00000000
Network Number
11000000 10101000 00000001
Host ID
00000010
By convention, subnet masks always consist of a continuous sequence of ones
beginning from the leftmost bit of the mask, followed by a continuous sequence
of zeros, for a total number of 32 bits.
Subnet masks can be referred to by the size of the network number part (the bits
with a “1” value). For example, an “8-bit mask” means that the first 8 bits of the
mask are ones and the remaining 24 bits are zeroes.
Subnet masks are expressed in dotted decimal notation just like IP addresses.
The following examples show the binary and decimal notation for 8-bit, 16-bit,
24-bit and 29-bit subnet masks
Table 74 Subnet Masks
BINARY
DECIMAL
1ST
OCTET
2ND
OCTET
3RD
OCTET
4TH
OCTET
8-bit mask
11111111
00000000
00000000
00000000
255.0.0.0
16-bit
mask
11111111
11111111
00000000
00000000
255.255.0.0
24-bit
11111111
11111111
11111111
00000000
255.255.255.0
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mask
29-bit
mask
11111111
11111111
11111111
11111000
255.255.255.24
8
.
Network Size
The size of the network number determines the maximum number of possible
hosts you can have on your network. The larger the number of network number
bits, the smaller the number of remaining host ID bits.
An IP address with host IDs of all zeros is the IP address of the network
(192.168.1.0 with a 24-bit subnet mask, for example). An IP address with host
IDs of all ones is the broadcast address for that network (192.168.1.255 with a
24-bit subnet mask, for example).
As these two IP addresses cannot be used for individual hosts, calculate the
maximum number of possible hosts in a network as follows:
Table 75 Maximum Host Numbers
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF
HOSTS
SUBNET MASK
HOST ID SIZE
8 bits
255.0.0.0
24 bits
224 – 2
16777214
16
bits
255.255.0.0
16 bits
216 – 2
65534
24
bits
255.255.255.0 8 bits
28 – 2
254
29
bits
255.255.255.2 3 bits
48
23 – 2
6
Notation
Since the mask is always a continuous number of ones beginning from the left,
followed by a continuous number of zeros for the remainder of the 32 bit mask,
you can simply specify the number of ones instead of writing the value of each
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octet. This is usually specified by writing a “/” followed by the number of bits in
the mask after the address.
For example, 192.1.1.0 /25 is equivalent to saying 192.1.1.0 with subnet mask
255.255.255.128.
The following table shows some possible subnet masks using both notations.
Table 76 Alternative Subnet Mask Notation
SUBNET
MASK
ALTERNATIV
E NOTATION
LAST OCTET
(BINARY)
LAST OCTET
(DECIMAL)
255.255.255.0
/24
0000 0000
0
255.255.255.1
28
/25
1000 0000
128
255.255.255.1
92
/26
1100 0000
192
255.255.255.2
24
/27
1110 0000
224
255.255.255.2
40
/28
1111 0000
240
255.255.255.2
48
/29
1111 1000
248
255.255.255.2
52
/30
1111 1100
252
Subnetting
You can use subnetting to divide one network into multiple sub-networks. In the
following example a network administrator creates two sub-networks to isolate a
group of servers from the rest of the company network for security reasons.
In this example, the company network address is 192.168.1.0. The first three
octets of the address (192.168.1) are the network number, and the remaining
octet is the host ID, allowing a maximum of 28 – 2 or 254 possible hosts.
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The following figure shows the company network before subnetting.
Figure 122 Subnetting Example: Before Subnetting
You can “borrow” one of the host ID bits to divide the network 192.168.1.0 into
two separate sub-networks. The subnet mask is now 25 bits (255.255.255.128 or
/25).
The “borrowed” host ID bit can have a value of either 0 or 1, allowing two
subnets; 192.168.1.0 /25 and 192.168.1.128 /25.
The following figure shows the company network after subnetting. There are now
two sub-networks, A and B.
Figure 123 Subnetting Example: After Subnetting
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In a 25-bit subnet the host ID has 7 bits, so each sub-network has a maximum of
27 – 2 or 126 possible hosts (a host ID of all zeroes is the subnet’s address itself,
all ones is the subnet’s broadcast address).
192.168.1.0 with mask 255.255.255.128 is subnet A itself, and 192.168.1.127
with mask 255.255.255.128 is its broadcast address. Therefore, the lowest IP
address that can be assigned to an actual host for subnet A is 192.168.1.1 and
the highest is 192.168.1.126.
Similarly, the host ID range for subnet B is 192.168.1.129 to 192.168.1.254.
Example: Four Subnets
The previous example illustrated using a 25-bit subnet mask to divide a 24-bit
address into two subnets. Similarly, to divide a 24-bit address into four subnets,
you need to “borrow” two host ID bits to give four possible combinations (00, 01,
10 and 11). The subnet mask is 26 bits
(11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000) or 255.255.255.192.
Each subnet contains 6 host ID bits, giving 26 - 2 or 62 hosts for each subnet (a
host ID of all zeroes is the subnet itself, all ones is the subnet’s broadcast
address).
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Table 77 Subnet 1
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address (Decimal)
192.168.1.
0
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
00000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.0
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.1
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.63
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.62
Table 78 Subnet 2
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address
192.168.1.
64
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
01000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.64
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.65
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.127
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.126
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Table 79 Subnet 3
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address
192.168.1.
128
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
10000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.128
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.129
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.191
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.190
Table 80 Subnet 4
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address
192.168.1.
192
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001
.
11000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111
.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.192
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.193
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.255
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.254
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Example: Eight Subnets
Similarly, use a 27-bit mask to create eight subnets (000, 001, 010, 011, 100,
101, 110 and 111).
The following table shows IP address last octet values for each subnet.
Table 81 Eight Subnets
SUBNET
SUBNET
ADDRESS
FIRST ADDRESS
LAST
ADDRESS
BROADCAST
ADDRESS
1
0
1
30
31
2
32
33
62
63
3
64
65
94
95
4
96
97
126
127
5
128
129
158
159
6
160
161
190
191
7
192
193
222
223
8
224
225
254
255
Subnet Planning
The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 24-bit
network number.
Table 82 24-bit Network Number Subnet Planning
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS
SUBNET MASK
NO.
SUBNETS
NO. HOSTS PER
SUBNET
1
255.255.255.128 (/25)
2
126
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2
255.255.255.192 (/26)
4
62
3
255.255.255.224 (/27)
8
30
4
255.255.255.240 (/28)
16
14
5
255.255.255.248 (/29)
32
6
6
255.255.255.252 (/30)
64
2
7
255.255.255.254 (/31)
128
1
The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 16-bit
network number.
Table 83 16-bit Network Number Subnet Planning
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS
SUBNET MASK
NO.
SUBNETS
NO. HOSTS
PER SUBNET
1
255.255.128.0 (/17)
2
32766
2
255.255.192.0 (/18)
4
16382
3
255.255.224.0 (/19)
8
8190
4
255.255.240.0 (/20)
16
4094
5
255.255.248.0 (/21)
32
2046
6
255.255.252.0 (/22)
64
1022
7
255.255.254.0 (/23)
128
510
8
255.255.255.0 (/24)
256
254
9
255.255.255.128 (/25)
512
126
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10
255.255.255.192 (/26)
1024
62
11
255.255.255.224 (/27)
2048
30
12
255.255.255.240 (/28)
4096
14
13
255.255.255.248 (/29)
8192
6
14
255.255.255.252 (/30)
16384
2
15
255.255.255.254 (/31)
32768
1
Configuring IP Addresses
Where you obtain your network number depends on your particular situation. If
the ISP or your network administrator assigns you a block of registered IP
addresses, follow their instructions in selecting the IP addresses and the subnet
mask.
If the ISP did not explicitly give you an IP network number, then most likely you
have a single user account and the ISP will assign you a dynamic IP address
when the connection is established. If this is the case, it is recommended that
you select a network number from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.0. The Internet
Assigned Number Authority (IANA) reserved this block of addresses specifically
for private use; please do not use any other number unless you are told
otherwise. You must also enable Network Address Translation (NAT) on the
MWR222.
Once you have decided on the network number, pick an IP address for your
MWR222 that is easy to remember (for instance, 192.168.10.1) but make sure
that no other device on your network is using that IP address.
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address. Your
MWR222 will compute the subnet mask automatically based on the IP address
that you entered. You don't need to change the subnet mask computed by the
MWR222 unless you are instructed to do otherwise.
Private IP Addresses
Every machine on the Internet must have a unique address. If your networks are
isolated from the Internet (running only between two branch offices, for example)
you can assign any IP addresses to the hosts without problems. However, the
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Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has reserved the following three
blocks of IP addresses specifically for private networks:
• 10.0.0.0
• 172.16.0.0
— 10.255.255.255
— 172.31.255.255
• 192.168.0.0 — 192.168.255.255
You can obtain your IP address from the IANA, from an ISP, or it can be assigned
from a private network. If you belong to a small organization and your Internet
access is through an ISP, the ISP can provide you with the Internet addresses for
your local networks. On the other hand, if you are part of a much larger
organization, you should consult your network administrator for the appropriate
IP addresses.
Regardless of your particular situation, do not create an arbitrary IP address;
always follow the guidelines above. For more information on address assignment,
please refer to RFC 1597, Address Allocation for Private Internets and RFC 1466,
Guidelines for Management of IP Address Space.
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Ap pe ndi x
C
Appendix C
Setting up Your Computer’s
IP Address
All computers must have a 10M or 100M Ethernet adapter card and TCP/IP
installed.
Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP, Macintosh OS 7 and later operating systems and
all versions of UNIX/LINUX include the software components you need to install
and use TCP/IP on your computer. Windows 3.1 requires the purchase of a thirdparty TCP/IP application package.
TCP/IP should already be installed on computers using Windows NT/2000/XP,
Macintosh OS 7 and later operating systems.
After the appropriate TCP/IP components are installed, configure the TCP/IP
settings in order to "communicate" with your network.
If you manually assign IP information instead of using dynamic assignment, make
sure that your computers have IP addresses that place them in the same subnet
as the Prestige’s LAN port.
Windows 95/98/Me
Click Start, Settings, Control Panel and double-click the Network icon to open
the Network window.
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Figure 124 Windows 95/98/Me: Network: Configuration
Installing Components
The Network window Configuration tab displays a list of installed components.
You need a network adapter, the TCP/IP protocol and Client for Microsoft
Networks.
If you need the adapter:
1
In the Network window, click Add.
2
Select Adapter and then click Add.
3
Select the manufacturer and model of your network adapter and then
click OK.
If you need TCP/IP:
1
In the Network window, click Add.
2
Select Protocol and then click Add.
3
Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers.
4
Select TCP/IP from the list of network protocols and then click OK.
If you need Client for Microsoft Networks:
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1
Click Add.
2
Select Client and then click Add.
3
Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers.
4
Select Client for Microsoft Networks from the list of network clients
and then click OK.
5
Restart your computer so the changes you made take effect.
Configuring
1
In the Network window Configuration tab, select your network
adapter's TCP/IP entry and click Properties
2
Click the IP Address tab.
• If your IP address is dynamic, select Obtain an IP address automatically.
• If you have a static IP address, select Specify an IP address and type your
information into the IP Address and Subnet Mask fields.
Figure 125 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: IP Address
3
Click the DNS Configuration tab.
• If you do not know your DNS information, select Disable DNS.
• If you know your DNS information, select Enable DNS and type the
information in the fields below (you may not need to fill them all in).
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Figure 126 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: DNS Configuration
4
Click the Gateway tab.
• If you do not know your gateway’s IP address, remove previously installed
gateways.
• If you have a gateway IP address, type it in the New gateway field and
click Add.
5
Click OK to save and close the TCP/IP Properties window.
6
Click OK to close the Network window. Insert the Windows CD if
prompted.
7
Turn on your router and restart your computer when prompted.
Verifying Settings
1
Click Start and then Run.
2
In the Run window, type "winipcfg" and then click OK to open the IP
Configuration window.
3
Select your network adapter. You should see your computer's IP
address, subnet mask and default gateway.
Windows 2000/NT/XP
The following example figures use the default Windows XP GUI theme.
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1
Click start (Start in Windows 2000/NT), Settings, Control Panel.
Figure 127 Windows XP: Start Menu
2
In the Control Panel, double-click Network Connections (Network
and Dial-up Connections in Windows 2000/NT).
Figure 128 Windows XP: Control Panel
3
Right-click Local Area Connection and then click Properties.
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Figure 129 Windows XP: Control Panel: Network Connections: Properties
4
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (under the General tab in Win
XP) and then click Properties.
Figure 130 Windows XP: Local Area Connection Properties
5
The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window opens (the
General tab in Windows XP).
• If you have a dynamic IP address click Obtain an IP address
automatically.
• If you have a static IP address click Use the following IP Address and fill
in the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default gateway fields.
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• Click Advanced.
Figure 131 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
6
If you do not know your gateway's IP address, remove any previously
installed gateways in the IP Settings tab and click OK.
Do one or more of the following if you want to configure additional IP addresses:
• In the IP Settings tab, in IP addresses, click Add.
• In TCP/IP Address, type an IP address in IP address and a subnet mask in
Subnet mask, and then click Add.
• Repeat the above two steps for each IP address you want to add.
• Configure additional default gateways in the IP Settings tab by clicking Add
in Default gateways.
• In TCP/IP Gateway Address, type the IP address of the default gateway in
Gateway. To manually configure a default metric (the number of
transmission hops), clear the Automatic metric check box and type a metric
in Metric.
• Click Add.
• Repeat the previous three steps for each default gateway you want to add.
• Click OK when finished.
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Figure 132 Windows XP: Advanced TCP/IP Properties
7
In the Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window (the General
tab in Windows XP):
• Click Obtain DNS server address automatically if you do not know your
DNS server IP address(es).
• If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click Use the following DNS
server addresses, and type them in the Preferred DNS server and
Alternate DNS server fields.
If you have previously configured DNS servers, click Advanced and then the
DNS tab to order them.
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Figure 133 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
8
Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
window.
9
Click Close (OK in Windows 2000/NT) to close the Local Area
Connection Properties window.
10
Close the Network Connections window (Network and Dial-up
Connections in Windows 2000/NT).
11 Turn on your router and restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
1
Click Start, All Programs, Accessories and then Command
Prompt.
2
In the Command Prompt window, type "ipconfig" and then press
[ENTER]. You can also open Network Connections, right-click a
network connection, click Status and then click the Support tab.
Windows 7/Vista
1
Click on the
(Start) button.
2
Click on Control Panel.
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Figure 134 Windows 7/Vista
3
Click on Network and Internet.
Figure 135 Windows 7/Vista
4
Click on Network and Sharing Center
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Figure 136 Windows 7/Vista
5
On the left side of the screen click on Change Adapter Settings
(Windows 7), or Manage Network Connections (Vista).
6
Right click on Local Area Connection and select Properties.
Figure 137 Windows 7/Vista
7
Highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 and click Properties.
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Figure 138 Windows 7/Vista
8
Select Use the Following IP Address and enter your IP address,
Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway. Enter your DNS server address (if
trying to connect to the internet) and click OK.
Figure 139 Windows 7/Vista
9
Click OK or Close on the Local Area Connection Properties window to
apply the settings.
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Macintosh OS 8/9
1
Click the Apple menu, Control Panel and double-click TCP/IP to
open the TCP/IP Control Panel.
Figure 140 Macintosh OS 8/9: Apple Menu
2
Select Ethernet built-in from the Connect via list.
Figure 141 Macintosh OS 8/9: TCP/IP
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3
For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP Server from
the Configure: list.
4
For statically assigned settings, do the following:
• From the Configure box, select Manually.
• Type your IP address in the IP Address box.
• Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box.
• Type the IP address of your Prestige in the Router address box.
5
Close the TCP/IP Control Panel.
6
Click Save if prompted, to save changes to your configuration.
7
Turn on your router and restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties in the TCP/IP Control Panel window.
Macintosh OS X
1
Click the Apple menu, and click System Preferences to open the
System Preferences window.
Figure 142 Macintosh OS X: Apple Menu
2
Click Network in the icon bar.
• Select Automatic from the Location list.
• Select Built-in Ethernet from the Show list.
• Click the TCP/IP tab.
3
For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP from the
Configure list.
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Figure 143 Macintosh OS X: Network
4
For statically assigned settings, do the following:
• From the Configure box, select Manually.
• Type your IP address in the IP Address box.
• Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box.
• Type the IP address of your Prestige in the Router address box.
5
Click Apply Now and close the window.
6
Turn on your router and restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties in the Network window.
Linux
This section shows you how to configure your computer’s TCP/IP settings in Red
Hat Linux 9.0. Procedure, screens and file location may vary depending on your
Linux distribution and release version.
Note: Make sure you are logged in as the root administrator.
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Using the K Desktop Environment (KDE)
Follow the steps below to configure your computer IP address using the KDE.
1
Click the Red Hat button (located on the bottom left corner), select
System Setting and click Network.
Figure 144 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Devices
2
Double-click on the profile of the network card you wish to configure.
The Ethernet Device General screen displays as shown.
Figure 145 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Ethernet Device: General
• If you have a dynamic IP address click Automatically obtain IP address
settings with and select dhcp from the drop down list.
• If you have a static IP address click Statically set IP Addresses and fill in
the Address, Subnet mask, and Default Gateway Address fields.
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3
Click OK to save the changes and close the Ethernet Device General
screen.
4
If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click the DNS tab in the
Network Configuration screen. Enter the DNS server information in
the fields provided.
Figure 146 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: DNS
5
Click the Devices tab.
6
Click the Activate button to apply the changes. The following screen
displays. Click Yes to save the changes in all screens.
Figure 147 Red Hat 9.0: KDE: Network Configuration: Activate
7
After the network card restart process is complete, make sure the
Status is Active in the Network Configuration screen.
Using Configuration Files
Follow the steps below to edit the network configuration files and set your
computer IP address.
1
Assuming that you have only one network card on the computer,
locate the ifconfig-eth0 configuration file (where eth0 is the name of
the Ethernet card). Open the configuration file with any plain text
editor.
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• If you have a dynamic IP address, enter dhcp in the BOOTPROTO= field. The
following figure shows an example.
Figure 148 Red Hat 9.0: Dynamic IP Address Setting in ifconfig-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=dhcp
USERCTL=no
PEERDNS=yes
TYPE=Ethernet
• If you have a static IP address, enter static in the BOOTPROTO= field. Type
IPADDR= followed by the IP address (in dotted decimal notation) and type
NETMASK= followed by the subnet mask. The following example shows an
example where the static IP address is 192.168.10.10 and the subnet mask
is 255.255.255.0.
Figure 149 Red Hat 9.0: Static IP Address Setting in ifconfig-eth0
DEVICE=eth0
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=static
IPADDR=192.168.10.10
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
USERCTL=no
PEERDNS=yes
TYPE=Ethernet
2
If you know your DNS server IP address(es), enter the DNS server
information in the resolv.conf file in the /etc directory. The following
figure shows an example where two DNS server IP addresses are
specified.
Figure 150 Red Hat 9.0: DNS Settings in resolv.conf
nameserver 172.23.5.1
nameserver 172.23.5.2
3
After you edit and save the configuration files, you must restart the
network card. Enter./network restart in the /etc/rc.d/init.d
directory. The following figure shows an example.
Figure 151 Red Hat 9.0: Restart Ethernet Card
[root@localhost init.d]# network restart
Shutting down interface eth0:
Shutting down loopback interface:
Setting network parameters:
Bringing up loopback interface:
Bringing up interface eth0:
[OK]
[OK]
[OK]
[OK]
[OK]
34.1.2 Verifying Settings
Enter ifconfig in a terminal screen to check your TCP/IP properties.
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Figure 152 Red Hat 9.0: Checking TCP/IP Properties
[root@localhost]# ifconfig
eth0
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:BA:72:5B:44
inet addr:172.23.19.129 Bcast:172.23.19.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:717 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:13 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:100
RX bytes:730412 (713.2 Kb) TX bytes:1570 (1.5 Kb)
Interrupt:10 Base address:0x1000
[root@localhost]#
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Ap pe ndi x
Appendix D
Wireless LANs
Wireless LAN Topologies
This section discusses ad-hoc and infrastructure wireless LAN topologies.
Ad-hoc Wireless LAN Configuration
The simplest WLAN configuration is an independent (Ad-hoc) WLAN that connects
a set of computers with wireless stations (A, B, C). Any time two or more wireless
adapters are within range of each other, they can set up an independent network,
which is commonly referred to as an Ad-hoc network or Independent Basic
Service Set (IBSS). The following diagram shows an example of notebook
computers using wireless adapters to form an Ad-hoc wireless LAN.
Figure 153 Peer-to-Peer Communication in an Ad-hoc Network
BSS
A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between wireless
stations or between a wireless station and a wired network client go through one
access point (AP).
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D
Intra-BSS traffic is traffic between wireless stations in the BSS. When Intra-BSS
is enabled, wireless station A and B can access the wired network and
communicate with each other. When Intra-BSS is disabled, wireless station A and
B can still access the wired network but cannot communicate with each other.
Figure 154 Basic Service Set
ESS
An Extended Service Set (ESS) consists of a series of overlapping BSSs, each
containing an access point, with each access point connected together by a wired
network. This wired connection between APs is called a Distribution System (DS).
This type of wireless LAN topology is called an Infrastructure WLAN. The Access
Points not only provide communication with the wired network but also mediate
wireless network traffic in the immediate neighborhood.
An ESSID (ESS IDentification) uniquely identifies each ESS. All access points and
their associated wireless stations within the same ESS must have the same
ESSID in order to communicate.
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Figure 155 Infrastructure WLAN
Channel
A channel is the radio frequency(ies) used by IEEE 802.11a/b/g wireless devices.
Channels available depend on your geographical area. You may have a choice of
channels (for your region) so you should use a different channel than an adjacent
AP (access point) to reduce interference. Interference occurs when radio signals
from different access points overlap causing interference and degrading
performance.
Adjacent channels partially overlap however. To avoid interference due to
overlap, your AP should be on a channel at least five channels away from a
channel that an adjacent AP is using. For example, if your region has 11 channels
and an adjacent AP is using channel 1, then you need to select a channel between
6 or 11.
RTS/CTS
A hidden node occurs when two stations are within range of the same access
point, but are not within range of each other. The following figure illustrates a
hidden node. Both stations (STA) are within range of the access point (AP) or
wireless gateway, but out-of-range of each other, so they cannot "hear" each
other, that is, they do not know if the channel is currently being used. Therefore,
they are considered hidden from each other.
Figure 156 RTS/CTS
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When station A sends data to the AP, it might not know that the station B is
already using the channel. If these two stations send data at the same time,
collisions may occur when both sets of data arrive at the AP at the same time,
resulting in a loss of messages for both stations.
RTS/CTS is designed to prevent collisions due to hidden nodes. An RTS/CTS
defines the biggest size data frame you can send before an RTS (Request To
Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake is invoked.
When a data frame exceeds the RTS/CTS value you set (between 0 to 2432
bytes), the station that wants to transmit this frame must first send an RTS
(Request To Send) message to the AP for permission to send it. The AP then
responds with a CTS (Clear to Send) message to all other stations within its range
to notify them to defer their transmission. It also reserves and confirms with the
requesting station the time frame for the requested transmission.
Stations can send frames smaller than the specified RTS/CTS directly to the AP
without the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake.
You should only configure RTS/CTS if the possibility of hidden nodes exists on
your network and the "cost" of resending large frames is more than the extra
network overhead involved in the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send)
handshake.
If the RTS/CTS value is greater than the Fragmentation Threshold value (see
next), then the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake will never
occur as data frames will be fragmented before they reach RTS/CTS size.
Note: Enabling the RTS Threshold causes redundant network overhead that could
negatively affect the throughput performance instead of providing a remedy.
Fragmentation Threshold
A Fragmentation Threshold is the maximum data fragment size (between 256
and 2432 bytes) that can be sent in the wireless network before the AP will
fragment the packet into smaller data frames.
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A large Fragmentation Threshold is recommended for networks not prone to
interference while you should set a smaller threshold for busy networks or
networks that are prone to interference.
If the Fragmentation Threshold value is smaller than the RTS/CTS value (see
previously) you set then the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send)
handshake will never occur as data frames will be fragmented before they reach
RTS/CTS size.
Preamble Type
A preamble is used to synchronize the transmission timing in your wireless
network. There are two preamble modes: Long and Short.
Short preamble takes less time to process and minimizes overhead, so it should
be used in a good wireless network environment when all wireless stations
support it.
Select Long if you have a ‘noisy’ network or are unsure of what preamble mode
your wireless stations support as all IEEE 802.11b compliant wireless adapters
must support long preamble. However, not all wireless adapters support short
preamble. Use long preamble if you are unsure what preamble mode the wireless
adapters support, to ensure interpretability between the AP and the wireless
stations and to provide more reliable communication in ‘noisy’ networks.
Select Dynamic to have the AP automatically use short preamble when all
wireless stations support it, otherwise the AP uses long preamble.
Note: The AP and the wireless stations MUST use the same preamble mode in order
to communicate.
IEEE 802.11g Wireless LAN
IEEE 802.11g is fully compatible with the IEEE 802.11b standard. This means an
IEEE 802.11b adapter can interface directly with an IEEE 802.11g access point
(and vice versa) at 11 Mbps or lower depending on range. IEEE 802.11g has
several intermediate rate steps between the maximum and minimum data rates.
The IEEE 802.11g data rate and modulation are as follows:
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Table 84 IEEE 802.11g
DATA RATE
(MBPS)
MODULATION
1
DBPSK (Differential Binary Phase Shift Keyed)
2
DQPSK (Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying)
5.5 / 11
CCK (Complementary Code Keying)
6/9/12/18/24/36/4
8/54
OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing)
IEEE 802.1x
In June 2001, the IEEE 802.1x standard was designed to extend the features of
IEEE 802.11 to support extended authentication as well as providing additional
accounting and control features. It is supported by Windows XP and a number of
network devices. Some advantages of IEEE 802.1x are:
• User based identification that allows for roaming.
• Support for RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service, RFC 2138,
2139) for centralized user profile and accounting management on a network
RADIUS server.
• Support for EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol, RFC 2486) that allows
additional authentication methods to be deployed with no changes to the access
point or the wireless stations.
RADIUS
RADIUS is based on a client-server model that supports authentication,
authorization and accounting. The access point is the client and the server is the
RADIUS server. The RADIUS server handles the following tasks:
• Authentication
Determines the identity of the users.
• Authorization
Determines the network services available to authenticated users once they are
connected to the network.
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• Accounting
Keeps track of the client’s network activity.
RADIUS is a simple package exchange in which your AP acts as a message relay
between the wireless station and the network RADIUS server.
Types of RADIUS Messages
The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point
and the RADIUS server for user authentication:
• Access-Request
Sent by an access point requesting authentication.
• Access-Reject
Sent by a RADIUS server rejecting access.
• Access-Accept
Sent by a RADIUS server allowing access.
• Access-Challenge
Sent by a RADIUS server requesting more information in order to allow access.
The access point sends a proper response from the user and then sends
another Access-Request message.
The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point
and the RADIUS server for user accounting:
• Accounting-Request
Sent by the access point requesting accounting.
• Accounting-Response
Sent by the RADIUS server to indicate that it has started or stopped
accounting.
In order to ensure network security, the access point and the RADIUS server use
a shared secret key, which is a password, they both know. The key is not sent
over the network. In addition to the shared key, password information exchanged
is also encrypted to protect the network from unauthorized access.
Types of Authentication
This appendix discusses some popular authentication types: EAP-MD5, EAPTLS, EAP-TTLS, PEAP and LEAP.
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server or the AP.
Consult your network administrator for more information.
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EAP-MD5 (Message-Digest Algorithm 5)
MD5 authentication is the simplest one-way authentication method. The
authentication server sends a challenge to the wireless station. The wireless
station ‘proves’ that it knows the password by encrypting the password with the
challenge and sends back the information. Password is not sent in plain text.
However, MD5 authentication has some weaknesses. Since the authentication
server needs to get the plaintext passwords, the passwords must be stored. Thus
someone other than the authentication server may access the password file. In
addition, it is possible to impersonate an authentication server as MD5
authentication method does not perform mutual authentication. Finally, MD5
authentication method does not support data encryption with dynamic session
key. You must configure WEP encryption keys for data encryption.
EAP-TLS (Transport Layer Security)
With EAP-TLS, digital certifications are needed by both the server and the
wireless stations for mutual authentication. The server presents a certificate to
the client. After validating the identity of the server, the client sends a different
certificate to the server. The exchange of certificates is done in the open before a
secured tunnel is created. This makes user identity vulnerable to passive attacks.
A digital certificate is an electronic ID card that authenticates the sender’s
identity. However, to implement EAP-TLS, you need a Certificate Authority (CA)
to handle certificates, which imposes a management overhead.
EAP-TTLS (Tunneled Transport Layer Service)
EAP-TTLS is an extension of the EAP-TLS authentication that uses certificates for
only the server-side authentications to establish a secure connection. Client
authentication is then done by sending username and password through the
secure connection, thus client identity is protected. For client authentication, EAPTTLS supports EAP methods and legacy authentication methods such as PAP,
CHAP, MS-CHAP and MS-CHAP v2.
PEAP (Protected EAP)
Like EAP-TTLS, server-side certificate authentication is used to establish a secure
connection, then use simple username and password methods through the
secured connection to authenticate the clients, thus hiding client identity.
However, PEAP only supports EAP methods, such as EAP-MD5, EAP-MSCHAPv2
and EAP-GTC (EAP-Generic Token Card), for client authentication. EAP-GTC is
implemented only by Cisco.
LEAP
LEAP (Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol) is a Cisco implementation
of IEEE 802.1x.
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Dynamic WEP Key Exchange
The AP maps a unique key that is generated with the RADIUS server. This key
expires when the wireless connection times out, disconnects or reauthentication
times out. A new WEP key is generated each time reauthentication is performed.
If this feature is enabled, it is not necessary to configure a default encryption key
in the Wireless screen. You may still configure and store keys here, but they will
not be used while Dynamic WEP is enabled.
Note: EAP-MD5 cannot be used with dynamic WEP key exchange
For added security, certificate-based authentications (EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and
PEAP) use dynamic keys for data encryption. They are often deployed in
corporate environments, but for public deployment, a simple user name and
password pair is more practical. The following table is a comparison of the
features of authentication types.
Table 85 Comparison of EAP Authentication Types
EAP-MD5
EAP-TLS
EAP-TTLS
PEAP
LEAP
Mutual Authentication
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Certificate – Client
No
Yes
Optional
Optional
No
Certificate – Server
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Dynamic Key Exchange
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Credential Integrity
None
Strong
Strong
Strong
Moderate
Deployment Difficulty
Easy
Hard
Moderate
Moderate
Moderate
Client Identity
Protection
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
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WPA(2)
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA2
(IEEE 802.11i) is a wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption,
authentication and key management than WPA.
Key differences between WPA(2) and WEP are improved data encryption and user
authentication.
Encryption
Both WPA and WPA2 improve data encryption by using Temporal Key Integrity
Protocol (TKIP), Message Integrity Check (MIC) and IEEE 802.1x. In addition to
TKIP, WPA2 also uses Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in the Counter mode
with Cipher block chaining Message authentication code Protocol (CCMP) to offer
stronger encryption.
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) uses 128-bit keys that are dynamically
generated and distributed by the authentication server. It includes a per-packet
key mixing function, a Message Integrity Check (MIC) named Michael, an
extended initialization vector (IV) with sequencing rules, and a re-keying
mechanism.
TKIP regularly changes and rotates the encryption keys so that the same
encryption key is never used twice. The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise
Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that then sets up a key hierarchy and
management system, using the pair-wise key to dynamically generate unique
data encryption keys to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly
communicated between the AP and the wireless clients. This all happens in the
background automatically.
WPA2 AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is a block cipher that uses a 256-bit
mathematical algorithm called Rijndael.
The Message Integrity Check (MIC) is designed to prevent an attacker from
capturing data packets, altering them and resending them. The MIC provides a
strong mathematical function in which the receiver and the transmitter each
compute and then compare the MIC. If they do not match, it is assumed that the
data has been tampered with and the packet is dropped.
By generating unique data encryption keys for every data packet and by creating
an integrity checking mechanism (MIC), TKIP makes it much more difficult to
decode data on a Wi-Fi network than WEP, making it difficult for an intruder to
break into the network.
The encryption mechanisms used for WPA and WPA-PSK are the same. The only
difference between the two is that WPA-PSK uses a simple common password,
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instead of user-specific credentials. The common-password approach makes
WPA-PSK susceptible to brute-force password-guessing attacks but it's still an
improvement over WEP as it employs an easier-to-use, consistent, single,
alphanumeric password.
User Authentication
WPA or WPA2 applies IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
to authenticate wireless clients using an external RADIUS database.
If both an AP and the wireless clients support WPA2 and you have an external
RADIUS server, use WPA2 for stronger data encryption. If you don't have an
external RADIUS server, you should use WPA2 -PSK (WPA2 -Pre-Shared Key) that
only requires a single (identical) password entered into each access point,
wireless gateway and wireless client. As long as the passwords match, a wireless
client will be granted access to a WLAN.
If the AP or the wireless clients do not support WPA2, just use WPA or WPA-PSK
depending on whether you have an external RADIUS server or not.
Select WEP only when the AP and/or wireless clients do not support WPA or
WPA2. WEP is less secure than WPA or WPA2.
WPA(2)-PSK Application Example
A WPA(2)-PSK application looks as follows.
1
First enter identical passwords into the AP and all wireless clients. The
Pre-Shared Key (PSK) must consist of between 8 and 63 ASCII
characters (including spaces and symbols).
2
The AP checks each wireless client's password and (only) allows it to
join the network if the password matches.
3
The AP derives and distributes keys to the wireless clients.
4
The AP and wireless clients use the TKIP or AES encryption process to
encrypt data exchanged between them.
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Figure 157 WPA(2)-PSK Authentication
WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example
You need the IP address of the RADIUS server, its port number (default is 1812),
and the RADIUS shared secret. A WPA(2) application example with an external
RADIUS server looks as follows. "A" is the RADIUS server. "DS" is the distribution
system.
1
The AP passes the wireless client's authentication request to the
RADIUS server.
2
The RADIUS server then checks the user's identification against its
database and grants or denies network access accordingly.
3
The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise Master Key (PMK) key to the
AP that then sets up a key hierarchy and management system, using
the pair-wise key to dynamically generate unique data encryption keys
to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly communicated between
the AP and the wireless clients.
Security Parameters Summary
Refer to this table to see what other security parameters you should configure for
each Authentication Method/ key management protocol type. MAC address filters
are not dependent on how you configure these security features.
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Table 86 Wireless Security Relational Matrix
AUTHENTICATION
METHOD/ KEY
MANAGEMENT
PROTOCOL
ENCRYPTI
ON
METHOD
ENTER
IEEE 802.1X
MANUAL KEY
Open
None
No
Disable
Enable without Dynamic WEP
Key
Open
Shared
WEP
WEP
No
Enable with Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes
Enable without Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes
Disable
No
Enable with Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes
Enable without Dynamic WEP
Key
Yes
Disable
WPA-Enterprise
TKIP
No
Enable
WPA-Personal
TKIP
Yes
Enable
WPA2-Enterprise
AES
No
Enable
WPA2-Personal
AES
Yes
Enable
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Ap pe ndi x
Appendix E
Common Services
The following table lists some commonly-used services and their associated
protocols and port numbers. For a comprehensive list of port numbers, ICMP
type/code numbers and services, visit the IANA (Internet Assigned Number
Authority) web site.
• Name: This is a short, descriptive name for the service. You can use this one
or create a different one, if you like.
• Protocol: This is the type of IP protocol used by the service. If this is
TCP/UDP, then the service uses the same port number with TCP and UDP. If
this is USER-DEFINED, the Port(s) is the IP protocol number, not the port
number.
• Port(s): This value depends on the Protocol. Please refer to RFC 1700 for
further information about port numbers.
• If the Protocol is TCP, UDP, or TCP/UDP, this is the IP port number.
• If the Protocol is USER, this is the IP protocol number.
• Description: This is a brief explanation of the applications that use this service
or the situations in which this service is used.
Table 87 Commonly Used Services
NAME
PROTOCOL
PORT(S)
DESCRIPTION
AH
(IPSEC_TUNNEL)
User-Defined
51
The IPSEC AH (Authentication
Header) tunneling protocol uses this
service.
AIM/New-ICQ
TCP
5190
AOL’s Internet Messenger service. It
is also used as a listening port by
ICQ.
AUTH
TCP
113
Authentication protocol used by some
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E
servers.
BGP
TCP
179
Border Gateway Protocol.
BOOTP_CLIENT
UDP
68
DHCP Client.
BOOTP_SERVER
UDP
67
DHCP Server.
CU-SEEME
TCP
7648
UDP
24032
A popular videoconferencing solution
from White Pines Software.
DNS
TCP/UDP
53
Domain Name Server, a service that
matches web names (for example
http://us.zyxel.com) to IP numbers.
ESP
(IPSEC_TUNNEL)
User-Defined
50
The IPSEC ESP (Encapsulation
Security Protocol) tunneling protocol
uses this service.
FINGER
TCP
79
Finger is a UNIX or Internet related
command that can be used to find
out if a user is logged on.
FTP
TCP
20
TCP
21
File Transfer Program, a program to
enable fast transfer of files, including
large files that may not be possible
by e-mail.
H.323
TCP
1720
NetMeeting uses this protocol.
HTTP
TCP
80
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol - a
client/server protocol for the world
wide web.
HTTPS
TCP
443
HTTPS is a secured http session often
used in e-commerce.
ICMP
User-Defined
1
Internet Control Message Protocol is
often used for diagnostic or routing
purposes.
ICQ
UDP
4000
This is a popular Internet chat
program.
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IGMP
(MULTICAST)
User-Defined
2
Internet Group Management Protocol
is used when sending packets to a
specific group of hosts.
IKE
UDP
500
The Internet Key Exchange algorithm
is used for key distribution and
management.
IRC
TCP/UDP
6667
This is another popular Internet chat
program.
MSN Messenger
TCP
1863
Microsoft Networks’ messenger
service uses this protocol.
NEW-ICQ
TCP
5190
An Internet chat program.
NEWS
TCP
144
A protocol for news groups.
NFS
UDP
2049
Network File System - NFS is a
client/server distributed file service
that provides transparent file sharing
for network environments.
NNTP
TCP
119
Network News Transport Protocol is
the delivery mechanism for the
USENET newsgroup service.
PING
User-Defined
1
Packet INternet Groper is a protocol
that sends out ICMP echo requests to
test whether or not a remote host is
reachable.
POP3
TCP
110
Post Office Protocol version 3 lets a
client computer get e-mail from a
POP3 server through a temporary
connection (TCP/IP or other).
PPTP
TCP
1723
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
enables secure transfer of data over
public networks. This is the control
channel.
PPTP_TUNNEL
(GRE)
User-Defined
47
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling
Protocol) enables secure transfer of
data over public networks. This is the
data channel.
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RCMD
TCP
512
Remote Command Service.
REAL_AUDIO
TCP
7070
A streaming audio service that
enables real time sound over the
web.
REXEC
TCP
514
Remote Execution Daemon.
RLOGIN
TCP
513
Remote Login.
RTELNET
TCP
107
Remote Telnet.
RTSP
TCP/UDP
554
The Real Time Streaming (media
control) Protocol (RTSP) is a remote
control for multimedia on the
Internet.
SFTP
TCP
115
Simple File Transfer Protocol.
SMTP
TCP
25
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is the
message-exchange standard for the
Internet. SMTP enables you to move
messages from one e-mail server to
another.
SNMP
TCP/UDP
161
Simple Network Management
Program.
SNMP-TRAPS
TCP/UDP
162
Traps for use with the SNMP
(RFC:1215).
SQL-NET
TCP
1521
Structured Query Language is an
interface to access data on many
different types of database systems,
including mainframes, midrange
systems, UNIX systems and network
servers.
SSH
TCP/UDP
22
Secure Shell Remote Login Program.
STRM WORKS
UDP
1558
Stream Works Protocol.
SYSLOG
UDP
514
Syslog allows you to send system
logs to a UNIX server.
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TACACS
UDP
49
Login Host Protocol used for
(Terminal Access Controller Access
Control System).
TELNET
TCP
23
Telnet is the login and terminal
emulation protocol common on the
Internet and in UNIX environments.
It operates over TCP/IP networks. Its
primary function is to allow users to
log into remote host systems.
TFTP
UDP
69
Trivial File Transfer Protocol is an
Internet file transfer protocol similar
to FTP, but uses the UDP (User
Datagram Protocol) rather than TCP
(Transmission Control Protocol).
VDOLIVE
TCP
7000
Another videoconferencing solution.
MWR211 User’s Guide
280
Ap pe ndi x
Appendix F
Legal Information
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, translated into any language, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic,
optical, chemical, photocopying, manual, or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
Published by ZyXEL Communications Corporation. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer
ZyXEL does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any
products, or software described herein. Neither does it convey any license under
its patent rights nor the patent rights of others. ZyXEL further reserves the right
to make changes in any products described herein without notice. This publication
is subject to change without notice.
Certifications
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Interference Statement
The device complies with Part 15 of FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
• This device may not cause harmful interference.
• This device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operations.
MWR211 User’s Guide
281
F
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This device generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy,
and if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this device does cause harmful interference to radio/television reception, which
can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try
to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
1
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
3
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
4
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
• This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any
other antenna or transmitter.
• IEEE 802.11b or 802.11g operation of this product in the U.S.A. is firmwarelimited to channels 1 through 11.
• To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance requirements, a separation
distance of at least 20 cm must be maintained between the antenna of this
device and all persons.
Notices
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This device has been designed for the WLAN 2.4 GHz network throughout the EC
region and Switzerland, with restrictions in France.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
MWR211 User’s Guide
282
Industry Canada Statement
This device complies with RSS-210 of the Industry Canada Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
1
this device may not cause interference and
2
this device must accept any interference, including interference that
may cause undesired operation of the device
This device has been designed to operate with an antenna having a maximum
gain of 2dBi.
Antenna having a higher gain is strictly prohibited per regulations of Industry
Canada. The required antenna impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its
gain should be so chosen that the EIRP is not more than required for successful
communication.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
IC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with IC radiation exposure limits set forth for an
uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with
minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.
Viewing Certifications
1
Go to http://us.zyxel.com.
2
Select your product on the ZyXEL home page to go to that product's
page.
3
Select the certification you wish to view from this page.
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
ZyXEL warrants to the original end user (purchaser) that this product is free from
any defects in materials or workmanship for a period of up to two years from the
date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase, should
the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, ZyXEL will, at its discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components without charge for either parts or labor, and to whatever extent it
shall deem necessary to restore the product or components to proper operating
condition. Any replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally
equivalent product of equal or higher value, and will be solely at the discretion of
MWR211 User’s Guide
283
ZyXEL. This warranty shall not apply if the product has been modified, misused,
tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working
conditions.
Battery warranty: 1 year
Note
Repair or replacement, as provided under this warranty, is the exclusive remedy
of the purchaser. This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, express or
implied, including any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a
particular use or purpose. ZyXEL shall in no event be held liable for indirect or
consequential damages of any kind to the purchaser.
To obtain the services of this warranty, contact your vendor. You may also refer
to the warranty policy for the region in which you bought the device at
http://www.zyxel.com/web/support_warranty_info.php.
Registration
Register your product online to receive e-mail notices of firmware upgrades and
information at www.zyxel.com for global products, or at www.us.zyxel.com for
North American products.
GPL-OSS Software Notice
In our continuing effort to disclose important and useful information with regards
to our products, we would like to inform you that certain products you received
from ZyXEL Communications Inc. may contain in part some free software (In
accordance with this free software, it is licensed in a way that ensures your
freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.).
Also, certain ZyXEL products include software code developed by third parties,
including software code subject to the GNU General Public License ("GPL")
Please refer to the following URLs to get more information:
http://us.zyxel.com/opensource
or
http://us.zyxel.com/Support/GPL-OSS/
MWR211 User’s Guide
284
Appendix G
Open Source Licenses
End-User License Agreement for “MWR222”
WARNING: ZyXEL Communications Corp. IS WILLING TO LICENSE THE
SOFTWARE TO YOU ONLY UPON THE CONDITION THAT YOU ACCEPT ALL
OF THE TERMS CONTAINED IN THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ
THE TERMS CAREFULLY BEFORE COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION
PROCESS AS INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE WILL INDICATE YOUR ASSENT
TO THEM. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS, THEN ZyXEL IS
UNWILLING TO LICENSE THE SOFTWARE TO YOU, IN WHICH EVENT YOU
SHOULD RETURN THE UNINSTALLED SOFTWARE AND PACKAGING TO THE
PLACE FROM WHICH IT WAS ACQUIRED OR ZyXEL, AND YOUR MONEY
WILL BE REFUNDED. HOWEVER, CERTAIN ZYXEL’S PRODUCTS MAY
CONTAIN–IN PART-SOME THIRD PARTY’S FREE AND OPEN SOFTWARE
PROGRAMS WHICH ALLOW YOU TO FREELY COPY, RUN, DISTRIBUTE,
MODIFY AND IMPROVE THE SOFTWARE UNDER THE APPLICABLE TERMS
OF SUCH THRID PARTY’S LICENSES (“OPEN-SOURCED COMPONENTS”).
THE OPEN-SOURCED COMPONENTS ARE LISTED IN THE NOTICE OR
APPENDIX BELOW. ZYXEL MAY HAVE DISTRIBUTED TO YOU HARDWARE
AND/OR SOFTWARE, OR MADE AVAILABLE FOR ELECTRONIC
DOWNLOADS THESE FREE SOFTWARE PROGRAMS OF THRID PARTIES
AND YOU ARE LICENSED TO FREELY COPY, MODIFY AND REDISTIBUTE
THAT SOFTWARE UNDER THE APPLICABLE LICENSE TERMS OF SUCH
THIRD PARTY. NONE OF THE STATEMENTS OR DOCUMENTATION FROM
ZYXEL INCLUDING ANY RESTRICTIONS OR CONDITIONS STATED IN THIS
END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT SHALL RESTRICT ANY RIGHTS AND
LICENSES YOU MAY HAVE WITH RESPECT TO THE OPEN-SOURCED
COMPONENTS UNDER THE APPLICABLE LICENSE TERMS OF SUCH THIRD
PARTY.
1.Grant of License for Personal Use
ZyXEL Communications Corp. ("ZyXEL") grants you a non-exclusive, nonsublicense, non-transferable license to use the program with which this
license is distributed (the "Software"), including any documentation files
accompanying the Software ("Documentation"), for internal business use
only, for up to the number of users specified in sales order and invoice.
You have the right to make one backup copy of the Software and
Documentation solely for archival, back-up or disaster recovery purposes.
You shall not exceed the scope of the license granted hereunder. Any
MWR211 User’s Guide
285
rights not expressly granted by ZyXEL to you are reserved by ZyXEL, and
all implied licenses are disclaimed.
2.Ownership
You have no ownership rights in the Software. Rather, you have a license
to use the Software as long as this License Agreement remains in full force
and effect. Ownership of the Software, Documentation and all intellectual
property rights therein shall remain at all times with ZyXEL. Any other
use of the Software by any other entity is strictly forbidden and is a
violation of this License Agreement.
3.Copyright
The Software and Documentation contain material that is protected by
international copyright law, trade secret law, international treaty
provisions, and the applicable national laws of each respective country. All
rights not granted to you herein are expressly reserved by ZyXEL. You
may not remove any proprietary notice of ZyXEL or any of its licensors
from any copy of the Software or Documentation.
4.Restrictions
You may not publish, display, disclose, sell, rent, lease, modify, store, loan,
distribute, or create derivative works of the Software, or any part thereof.
You may not assign, sublicense, convey or otherwise transfer, pledge as
security or otherwise encumber the rights and licenses granted hereunder
with respect to the Software. ZyXEL is not obligated to provide any
maintenance, technical or other support for the resultant modified
Software. You may not copy, reverse engineer, decompile, reverse compile,
translate, adapt, or disassemble the Software, or any part thereof, nor
shall you attempt to create the source code from the object code for the
Software. Except as and only to the extent expressly permitted in this
License, you may not market, co-brand, and private label or otherwise
permit third parties to link to the Software, or any part thereof. You may
not use the Software, or any part thereof, in the operation of a service
bureau or for the benefit of any other person or entity. You may not
cause, assist or permit any third party to do any of the foregoing. Portions
of the Software utilize or include third party software and other copyright
material. Acknowledgements, licensing terms and disclaimers for such
material are contained in the License Notice as below for the third party
software, and your use of such material is exclusively governed by their
respective terms. ZyXEL has provided, as part of the Software package,
access to certain third party software as a convenience. To the extent that
the Software contains third party software, ZyXEL has no express or
implied obligation to provide any technical or other support for such
software other than compliance with the applicable license terms of such
third party, and makes no warranty (express, implied or statutory)
whatsoever with respect thereto. Please contact the appropriate software
vendor or manufacturer directly for technical support and customer service
related to its software and products.
5.Confidentiality
MWR211 User’s Guide
286
You acknowledge that the Software contains proprietary trade secrets of
ZyXEL and you hereby agree to maintain the confidentiality of the
Software using at least as great a degree of care as you use to maintain
the confidentiality of your own most confidential information. You agree to
reasonably communicate the terms and conditions of this License
Agreement to those persons employed by you who come into contact with
the Software, and to use reasonable best efforts to ensure their
compliance with such terms and conditions, including, without limitation,
not knowingly permitting such persons to use any portion of the Software
for the purpose of deriving the source code of the Software.
6.No Warranty
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS." TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT
PERMITTED BY LAW, ZyXEL DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND,
EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. ZyXEL DOES NOT
WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED IN THE SOFTWARE WILL
MEET ANY REQUIREMENTS OR NEEDS YOU MAY HAVE, OR THAT THE
SOFTWARE WILL OPERATE ERROR FREE, OR IN AN UNINTERUPTED
FASHION, OR THAT ANY DEFECTS OR ERRORS IN THE SOFTWARE WILL
BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THE SOFTWARE IS COMPATIBLE WITH ANY
PARTICULAR PLATFORM. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE
WAIVER OR EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES SO THEY MAY NOT
APPLY TO YOU. IF THIS EXCLUSION IS HELD TO BE UNENFORCEABLE BY
A COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION, THEN ALL EXPRESS AND
IMPLIED WARRANTIES SHALL BE LIMITED IN DURATION TO A PERIOD OF
THIRTY (30) DAYS FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE OF THE SOFTWARE,
AND NO WARRANTIES SHALL APPLY AFTER THAT PERIOD.
7.Limitation of Liability
IN NO EVENT WILL ZyXEL BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANY THIRD PARTY FOR
ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES
FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, LOSS OF PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION,
OR LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF OR
INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE OR PROGRAM, OR FOR ANY CLAIM BY
ANY OTHER PARTY, EVEN IF ZyXEL HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. ZyXEL's TOTAL AGGREGATE LIABILITY
WITH RESPECT TO ITS OBLIGATIONS UNDER THIS AGREEMENT OR
OTHERWISE WITH RESPECT TO THE SOFTWARE AND DOCUMENTATION
OR OTHERWISE SHALL BE EQUAL TO THE PURCHASE PRICE, BUT SHALL
IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE PRODUCT’S PRICE. BECAUSE SOME
STATES/COUNTRIES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE
LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
8.Export Restrictions
THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT IS EXPRESSLY MADE SUBJECT TO ANY
APPLICABLE LAWS, REGULATIONS, ORDERS, OR OTHER RESTRICTIONS
ON THE EXPORT OF THE SOFTWARE OR INFORMATION ABOUT SUCH
SOFTWARE WHICH MAY BE IMPOSED FROM TIME TO TIME. YOU SHALL
MWR211 User’s Guide
287
NOT EXPORT THE SOFTWARE, DOCUMENTATION OR INFORMATION
ABOUT THE SOFTWARE AND DOCUMENTATION WITHOUT COMPLYING
WITH SUCH LAWS, REGULATIONS, ORDERS, OR OTHER RESTRICTIONS.
YOU AGREE TO INDEMNIFY ZyXEL AGAINST ALL CLAIMS, LOSSES,
DAMAGES, LIABILITIES, COSTS AND EXPENSES, INCLUDING
REASONABLE ATTORNEYS' FEES, TO THE EXTENT SUCH CLAIMS ARISE
OUT OF ANY BREACH OF THIS SECTION 8.
9.Audit Rights
ZyXEL SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT, AT ITS OWN EXPENSE, UPON
REASONABLE PRIOR NOTICE, TO PERIODICALLY INSPECT AND AUDIT
YOUR RECORDS TO ENSURE YOUR COMPLIANCE WITH THE TERMS AND
CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT.
10.Termination
This License Agreement is effective until it is terminated. You may
terminate this License Agreement at any time by destroying or returning
to ZyXEL all copies of the Software and Documentation in your possession
or under your control. ZyXEL may terminate this License Agreement for
any reason, including, but not limited to, if ZyXEL finds that you have
violated any of the terms of this License Agreement. Upon notification of
termination, you agree to destroy or return to ZyXEL all copies of the
Software and Documentation and to certify in writing that all known copies,
including backup copies, have been destroyed. All provisions relating to
confidentiality, proprietary rights, and non-disclosure shall survive the
termination of this Software License Agreement.
11.General
This License Agreement shall be construed, interpreted and governed by
the laws of Republic of China without regard to conflicts of laws provisions
thereof. The exclusive forum for any disputes arising out of or relating to
this License Agreement shall be an appropriate court or Commercial
Arbitration Association sitting in ROC, Taiwan if the parties agree to a
binding arbitration. This License Agreement shall constitute the entire
Agreement between the parties hereto. This License Agreement, the
rights granted hereunder, the Software and Documentation shall not be
assigned by you without the prior written consent of ZyXEL. Any waiver or
modification of this License Agreement shall only be effective if it is in
writing and signed by both parties hereto. If any part of this License
Agreement is found invalid or unenforceable by a court of competent
jurisdiction, the remainder of this License Agreement shall be interpreted
so as to reasonably effect the intention of the parties.
MWR211 User’s Guide
288
NOTE: Some components of this product incorporate free software
programs covered under the open source code licenses which allows you
to freely copy, modify and redistribute the software. For at least three (3)
years from the date of distribution of the applicable product or software,
we will give to anyone who contacts us at the ZyXEL Technical Support
(freesoftware@zyxel.com), for a charge of no more than our cost of
physically performing source code distribution, a complete machinereadable copy of the complete corresponding source code for the version
of the Programs that we distributed to you if we are in possession of such.
Notice
Information herein is subject to change without notice. Companies, names,
and data used in examples herein are fictitious unless otherwise noted. No
part may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, except the express written
permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
Open-Sourced Components
3RD PARTY
SOFTWARE
Linux
Kernel
2.6.21.x
Busybox
1.12.1
Dnsmasq
2.40
Goahead
2.1.8
Igmpproxy
0.1 beta2
Inadyn
1.96
Iproute22.6.24-rc7
Rp-pppoe
3.8
Iptables
1.4.0rc1
Updatedd
2.5
VERSION
FROM (SOURCE)
LICENSE
2.6.21
http://www.kernel.org/
GPL 2.0
1.12.1
http://www.busybox.net/
http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/
dnsmasq/doc.html
http://www.goahead.com/pro
ducts/webserver/download.as
px
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/igmpproxy/
http://www.dyndns.com/supp
ort/clients/unix.html or
http://inadyn.sourceforge.net/
http://www.linuxfoundation.or
g/en/Net:Iproute2 or
http://www.linuxfoundation.or
g/collaborate/workgroups/net
working/iproute2
http://www.roaringpenguin.co
m/products/pppoe
http://www.netfilter.org/downl
oads.html
http://mirror.its.uidaho.edu/p
ub/savannah/updatedd/
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/linux-igd/
http://www.microsoft.com/wh
dc/connect/rally/rallykit.mspx
GPL 2.0
2.4.0
2.1.8
0.1 beta2
1.96
2.6.24
3.8
1.4.0rc1
2.5
Linux-igd 1
1
Lldt 1.2
1.2
MWR211 User’s Guide
289
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
Ntpclient
2000 345
0.5.7
http://doolittle.icarus.com/ntp
client/
http://www.hpl.hp.com/perso
nal/Jean_Tourrilhes/Linux/Tool
s.html
http://www.linuxfoundation.or
g/en/Net:Bridge
http://pptpclient.sourceforge.n
et/
http://ppp.samba.org/ppp/do
wnload.html
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/rp-l2tp/
http://hostap.epitest.fi/wpa_s
upplicant/
0.95a
http://www.zebra.org/
GPL 2.0
3.4.2
http://gcc.gnu.org/
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/u-boot/
ftp://ftp.infradead.org/pub/mt
d-utils/ or http://www.linuxmtd.infradead.org/index.html
GPL 2.0
http://www.uclibc.org/
http://cxx.uclibc.org/index.ht
ml
LGPL 2.1
http://pupnp.sourceforge.net/
http://www.zlib.org or
http://sourceforge.net/project
/showfiles.php?group_id=5624
&package_id=14274&release_i
d=79109
http://www.ralinktech.com/ or
http://rt2x00.serialmonkey.co
m/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/comgt/
http://curl.haxx.se/
BSD
2000 345
Wireless_t
ools 29
Bridgeutils 1.1
Pptp-client
1.7.1
Wireless
_tools 29
Ppp 2.4.2
Rp-12tp
0.4
Wpa_suppl
icant 0.5.7
Zebra0.95a
_ripd
2.4.2
Gcc 3.4.2
Uboot
1.1.3
Mtd-utils
1.0.0
Uclibc
0.9.28
Uclibc++
0.2.2
Libupnp
1.3.1
Zlib 1.1.4
rt2860apd
comgt0.32
curl-7.19.7
1.1
1.7.1
0.4
1.1.3
1.0.0
0.9.28
0.2.2
1.3.1
1.1.4
rt2860
0.32
7.19.7
ethtool
6
buildrootgcc342
hso-1.6
buildroot
-gcc342
1.6
inadyn.sou
rce.v1.99
1.99
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/gkernel/files/ethtool/
http://buildroot.uclibc.org/
ldso
0.9.28
http://www.pharscape.org/for
um/index.php?action=dlattach
;topic=544.0;attach=3
http://www.inatech.eu/inadyn
https://www.opendns.com/su
pport/ddns_files/inadyn.source
.v1.99.zip
http://www.uclibc.org/
libcrypt
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
libintl
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
MWR211 User’s Guide
290
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
LGPL 2.1
Zlib
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
MIT/X
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
libm
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
libnsl
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
libnvram
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
libpthread
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
libresolv
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
libusb0.1.12
libusb1.0.0
libutil
0.1.12
http://www.libusb.org/
1.0.0
http://www.libusb.org/
0.9.28
http://www.uclibc.org/
lsusb
1.0.0
lzma4.32.0beta
5
mkimage
4.32beta
5
mksquash_
lzma-3.2
lzma sdk
4.43
squashfs
3.2-r2
lzma sdk
4.43
4.43
squashfs
3.2-r2
mtd_write
3.2-r2
http://www.libusb.org/
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/sevenzip/files/LZMA%20SDK
/
http://packages.debian.org/si
d/uboot-mkimage
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/sevenzip/files/LZMA%20SDK
/
http://squashfs.sourceforge.n
et/
http://sourceforge.net/project
s/sevenzip/files/LZMA%20SDK
/
http://squashfs.sourceforge.n
et/
http://downloads.openwrt.org/
sources/
http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~n
tp/ntp_spool/ntp4/ntp-4.1/
http://doolittle.icarus.com/ntp
client/
http://www.openssl.org
ntp-4.1.2
ntpclient
openssl0.9.8e
pciutils3.0.0
pkg-config
mkimage
mtd_writ
e
4.1.2
2003_19
4
0.9.8e
3.0.0
0.23
http://www.kernel.org/pub/sof
tware/utils/pciutils
http://pkgconfig.freedesktop.org
http://www.litech.org/radvd/
radvd-1.0
1.0
sdparm1.02
snmpd
1.02
usbmodeswitc
h-1.1.0
wsc_upnp
1.1.0
http://www.draisberghof.de/u
sb_modeswitch/
0.1.1
Sprint4GD
eveloperPa
ck
1.1
http://www.ralinktech.com/ or
http://rt2x00.serialmonkey.co
m/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
snmpd
http://sg.danny.cz/sg/sdparm.
html
http://www.net-snmp.org/
https://developer.sprint.com/g
etDocument.do?docld=101032
MWR211 User’s Guide
291
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
GPL 2.0
LGPL 2.1
LGPL 2.1
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
NTP
GPL 2.0
BSD
GPL 2.0
GPL 2.0
RADVD
SNMPD
BSD
GPL 2.0
Ralink
and Intel
GPL 2.0
& BSD
Notice
Information herein is subject to change without notice. Companies,
names, and data used in examples herein are fictitious unless otherwise
noted. No part may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, except the express
written permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
This Product includes Linux Kernel 2.6.21.x, Busybox 1.12.1, Dnsmasq
2.40, Goahead 2.1.8, Igmpproxy 0.1 beta2, Inadyn 1.96, Iproute2 2.6.24,
Rp-pppoe 3.8, Iptables 1.4.0rc1, Updatedd 2.5, Linux-igd 1, Lldt 1.2,
Ntpclient 2000 345, Wireless_tools 29, Bridge-utils 1.1, Pptp-client 1.7.1,
Ppp 2.4.2, Rp-12tp 0.4, Wpa_supplicant 0.5.7, Zebra-0.95a _ripd, Gcc
3.4.2, Uboot 1.1.3 and Mtd-utils 1.0.0, rt2860apd, comgt-0.32, ethtool,
buildroot-gcc342, hso-1.6, inadyn.source.v1.99, mkimage, squashfs 3.2r2, mtd_write, ntpclient, pciutils-3.0.0, pkg-config, usb-modeswitch-1.1.0
under the GPL License.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to
share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is
intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to
make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License
applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any
other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free
Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General
Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price.
Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the
freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if
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school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the library, if necessary.
Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in
the library `Frob' (a library for tweaking knobs) written
by James Random Hacker.
signature of Ty Coon, 1 April 1990
Ty Coon, President of Vice
That's all there is to it!
This Product includes libm under the following License.
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
The routines included in this math library are derived from the
MWR211 User’s Guide
319
math library for Apple's MacOS X/Darwin math library, which was
itself swiped from FreeBSD. The original copyright information
is as follows:
Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
software is freely granted, provided that this notice
is preserved.
It has been ported to work with uClibc and generally behave
by Erik Andersen <andersen@codepoet.org>
22 May, 2001
This Product includes mksquash_lzma-3.2 under the following License.
mksquash_lzma License
/*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Junjiro Okajima
* Copyright (C) 2006 Tomas Matejicek, slax.org
*
* LICENSE follows the described one in lzma.
*/
/*
* Copyright (C) 2006 Junjiro Okajima
MWR211 User’s Guide
320
* Copyright (C) 2006 Tomas Matejicek, slax.org
*
* LICENSE must follow the one in squashfs.
*/
This Product includes radvd-1.0 under the radvd License.
radvd License
The author(s) grant permission for redistribution and use in source and
binary forms, with
documentation
or
without
modification,
of
the
software
and
provided that the following conditions are met:
0. If you receive a version of the software that is specifically labelled
as not being for redistribution (check the version message and/or
README),
you are not permitted to redistribute that version of the software in any
way or form.
1. All terms of all other applicable copyrights and licenses must be
followed.
2. Redistributions of source code must retain the authors' copyright
notice(s), this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
3. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the authors' copyright
notice(s), this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
4. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
MWR211 User’s Guide
321
must display the following acknowledgement with the name(s) of the
authors as specified in the copyright notice(s) substituted where
indicated:
This product includes software developed by the authors which are
mentioned at the start of the source files and other contributors.
5. Neither the name(s) of the author(s) nor the names of its contributors
may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ITS AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS
``AS IS'' AND ANY
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY
DIRECT,
INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
SPECIAL,
EXEMPLARY,
OR
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF
THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
MWR211 User’s Guide
322
This Product includes wsc_upnp under the Ralink and Intel License.
wsc_upnp License
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (c) 2000-2003 Ralink Corporation
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
//
// * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
// this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
// * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice,
// this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
// and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
// * Neither name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its contributors
// may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
// without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL INTEL
OR
// CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL,
MWR211 User’s Guide
323
// EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO,
// PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
DATA, OR
// PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
ANY THEORY
// OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING
// NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
OF THIS
// SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (c) 2000-2003 Intel Corporation
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
//
// * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
// this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
// * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice,
// this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
// and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
// * Neither name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its contributors
// may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
// without specific prior written permission.
//
MWR211 User’s Guide
324
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL INTEL
OR
// CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL,
// EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO,
// PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
DATA, OR
// PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
ANY THEORY
// OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING
// NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
OF THIS
// SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
This Product includes snmpd under the following snmpd License.
snmpd License
Various copyrights apply to this package, listed in various separate parts
below. Please make sure that you read all the parts. Up until 2001,
the project was based at UC Davis, and the first part covers all code
written during this time. From 2001 onwards, the project has been
MWR211 User’s Guide
325
based at SourceForge, and Networks Associates Technology, Inc hold the
copyright on behalf of the wider Net-SNMP community, covering all
derivative work done since then. An additional copyright section has
been added as Part 3 below also under a BSD license for the work
contributed by Cambridge Broadband Ltd. to the project since 2001.
An additional copyright section has been added as Part 4 below also
under a BSD license for the work contributed by Sun Microsystems, Inc.
to the project since 2003.
Code has been contributed to this project by many people over
the years it has been in development, and a full list of contributors
can be found in the README file under the THANKS section.
---- Part 1: CMU/UCD copyright notice: (BSD like) -----
Copyright 1989, 1991, 1992 by Carnegie Mellon University
Derivative Work - 1996, 1998-2000
Copyright 1996, 1998-2000 The Regents of the University of California
All Rights Reserved
Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software and its
documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted,
provided that the above copyright notice appears in all copies and
that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in
supporting documentation, and that the name of CMU and The Regents of
the University of California not be used in advertising or publicity
MWR211 User’s Guide
326
pertaining to distribution of the software without specific written
permission.
CMU AND THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA DISCLAIM
ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
IN NO
EVENT SHALL CMU OR THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM THE LOSS OF USE,
DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
---- Part 2: Networks Associates Technology, Inc copyright notice (BSD) ----
Copyright (c) 2001-2003, Networks Associates Technology, Inc
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of the Networks Associates Technology, Inc nor the
names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
MWR211 User’s Guide
327
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR
CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
---- Part 3: Cambridge Broadband Ltd. copyright notice (BSD) -----
Portions of this code are copyright (c) 2001-2003, Cambridge Broadband
Ltd.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* The name of Cambridge Broadband Ltd. may not be used to endorse or
promote products derived from this software without specific prior
written permission.
MWR211 User’s Guide
328
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER ``AS IS''
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT
SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGE.
---- Part 4: Sun Microsystems, Inc. copyright notice (BSD) -----
Copyright © 2003 Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa
Clara,
California 95054, U.S.A. All rights reserved.
Use is subject to license terms below.
This distribution may include materials developed by third parties.
Sun, Sun Microsystems, the Sun logo and Solaris are trademarks or
registered
trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
MWR211 User’s Guide
329
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of the Sun Microsystems, Inc. nor the
names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR
CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
---- Part 5: Sparta, Inc copyright notice (BSD) -----
Copyright (c) 2003-2004, Sparta, Inc
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
MWR211 User’s Guide
330
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of Sparta, Inc nor the names of its contributors may
be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR
CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
---- Part 6: Cisco/BUPTNIC copyright notice (BSD) -----
Copyright (c) 2004, Cisco, Inc and Information Network
Center of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
MWR211 User’s Guide
331
* Neither the name of Cisco, Inc, Beijing University of Posts and
Telecommunications, nor the names of their contributors may
be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR
CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
This Product includes Sdparm-1.02 under the following Sdparm-1.02
License.
Sdparm-1.02 License
Copyright (c) 2005-2006 Douglas Gilbert.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
MWR211 User’s Guide
332
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote
products
derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS
``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT
SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS;
OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY
OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF
THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGE.
This Product includes Mksquash_lzma-3.2 under the following License.
Mksquash_lzma-3.2 License
# Copyright (C) 2006, 2007 Junjiro Okajima
# Copyright (C) 2006, 2007 Tomas Matejicek, slax.org
#
# LICENSE follows the described ones in lzma and squashfs.”
http://www.squashfs-lzma.org/
(lzma443)
www.7-zip.org
MWR211 User’s Guide
333
“LZMA SDK
Copyright (C) 1999-2006 Igor Pavlov
LICENSE
-------
LZMA SDK is available under any of the following licenses:
1) GNU Lesser General Public License (GNU LGPL)
2) Common Public License (CPL)
3) Simplified license for unmodified code (read SPECIAL EXCEPTION)
4) Proprietary license
It means that you can select one of these four options and follow rules of
that license.
1,2) GNU LGPL and CPL licenses are pretty similar and both these
licenses are classified as
- "Free software licenses" at http://www.gnu.org/
- "OSI-approved" at http://www.opensource.org/
3) SPECIAL EXCEPTION
Igor Pavlov, as the author of this code, expressly permits you
to statically or dynamically link your code (or bind by name)
to the files from LZMA SDK without subjecting your linked
code to the terms of the CPL or GNU LGPL.
Any modifications or additions to files from LZMA SDK, however,
are subject to the GNU LGPL or CPL terms.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION allows you to use LZMA SDK in applications with
closed code,
MWR211 User’s Guide
334
while you keep LZMA SDK code unmodified.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION #2: Igor Pavlov, as the author of this code, expressly
permits
you to use this code under the same terms and conditions contained in the
License
Agreement you have for any previous version of LZMA SDK developed by
Igor Pavlov.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION #2 allows owners of proprietary licenses to use latest
version
of LZMA SDK as update for previous versions.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION #3: Igor Pavlov, as the author of this code, expressly
permits
you to use code of the following files:
BranchTypes.h,
LzmaAlone.cpp,
LzmaTypes.h,
LzmaTest.c,
LzmaStateTest.c,
LzmaAlone.cs, LzmaAlone.java
as public domain code.
4) Proprietary license
LZMA SDK also can be available under a proprietary license which
can include:
1) Right to modify code without subjecting modified code to the
terms of the CPL or GNU LGPL
2) Technical support for code
To request such proprietary license or any additional consultations,
send email message from that page:
http://www.7-zip.org/support.html
MWR211 User’s Guide
335
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
USA
02111-1307
You should have received a copy of the Common Public License
along with this library.“
(squshfs3.2-r2)
GPLv2
Copyright 2002-2007 Phillip Lougher <phillip@lougher.org.uk>
http://squashfs.sourceforge.net/
This Product includes libnvram under the following License.
libnvram License
Copyright
2002
wd@denx.de.
Wolfgang
Denk,
DENX
Software
Engineering,
“/*
* This file is derived from crc32.c from the zlib-1.1.3 distribution
* by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler.
*/
/* crc32.c -- compute the CRC-32 of a data stream
* Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Mark Adler
* For conditions of distribution and use, see copyright notice in zlib.h
*/
MWR211 User’s Guide
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This Product includes mkimage under the following License.
mkimage License
NOTE! This copyright does *not* cover the so-called "standalone"
applications that use U-Boot services by means of the jump table
provided by U-Boot exactly for this purpose - this is merely
considered normal use of U-Boot, and does *not* fall under the
heading of "derived work". Also note that the GPL below is
copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, but the instance of
code
that it refers to (the U-Boot source code) is copyrighted by me and
others who actually wrote it. -- Wolfgang Denk”
(C) Copyright 2000-2003 Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software
Engineering, wd@denx.de
/*
* This file is derived from crc32.c from the zlib-1.1.3 distribution
* by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler.
*/
/* crc32.c -- compute the CRC-32 of a data stream
* Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Mark Adler
* For conditions of distribution and use, see copyright notice in
zlib.h
*/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/uboot
MWR211 User’s Guide
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This Product includes ntp-4.1.2 under the following License.
ntp-4.1.2 License
The following copyright notice applies to all files collectively called
the Network Time Protocol Version 4 Distribution. Unless specifically
declared otherwise in an individual file, this notice applies as if the
text was explicitly included in the file.
******************************************************
*****************
*
*
* Copyright (c) University of Delaware 1992-2010
*
*
*
* Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
*
* its documentation for any purpose with or without fee is hereby
*
* granted, provided that the above copyright notice appears in all
*
* copies and that both the copyright notice and this permission
*
* notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name
*
* University of Delaware not be used in advertising or publicity
*
* pertaining to distribution of the software without specific,
*
* written prior permission. The University of Delaware makes no
*
* representations about the suitability this software for any
*
* purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied
*
* warranty.
*
*
*
******************************************************
*****************
MWR211 User’s Guide
338
The following individuals contributed in part to the Network Time
Protocol Distribution Version 4 and are acknowledged as authors of
this work.
1. Mark Andrews <mark_andrews@isc.org> Leitch atomic clock
controller
2. Bernd Altmeier <altmeier@atlsoft.de> hopf Elektronik serial
line and PCI-bus devices
3. Viraj Bais <vbais@mailman1.intel.com> and Clayton Kirkwood
<kirkwood@striderfm.intel.com> port to WindowsNT 3.5
4. Michael Barone <michael,barone@lmco.com> GPSVME fixes
5. Jean-Francois Boudreault <JeanFrancois.Boudreault@viagenie.qc.ca>IPv6 support
6. Karl Berry <karl@owl.HQ.ileaf.com> syslog to file option
7. Greg Brackley <greg.brackley@bigfoot.com> Major rework of
WINNT port. Clean up recvbuf and iosignal code into separate
modules.
8. Marc Brett <Marc.Brett@westgeo.com> Magnavox GPS clock
driver
9. Piete Brooks <Piete.Brooks@cl.cam.ac.uk> MSF clock driver,
Trimble PARSE support
10. Reg Clemens <reg@dwf.com> Oncore driver (Current
maintainer)
11. Steve Clift <clift@ml.csiro.au> OMEGA clock driver
12. Casey Crellin <casey@csc.co.za> vxWorks (Tornado) port and
help with target configuration
13. Sven Dietrich <sven_dietrich@trimble.com> Palisade
reference clock driver, NT adj. residuals, integrated Greg's Winnt
port.
14. John A. Dundas III <dundas@salt.jpl.nasa.gov> Apple A/UX
port
15. Torsten Duwe <duwe@immd4.informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
Linux port
16. Dennis Ferguson <dennis@mrbill.canet.ca> foundation code
for NTP Version 2 as specified in RFC-1119
17. John Hay <jhay@icomtek.csir.co.za> IPv6 support and testing
MWR211 User’s Guide
339
18. Dave Hart <davehart@davehart.com> General maintenance,
Windows port interpolation rewrite.
19. Claas Hilbrecht <neoclock4x@linum.com> NeoClock4X clock
driver
20. Glenn Hollinger <glenn@herald.usask.ca> GOES clock driver
21. Mike Iglesias <iglesias@uci.edu> DEC Alpha port
22. Jim Jagielski <jim@jagubox.gsfc.nasa.gov> A/UX port
23. Jeff Johnson <jbj@chatham.usdesign.com> massive
prototyping overhaul
24. Hans Lambermont <Hans.Lambermont@nl.origin-it.com> or
<H.Lambermont@chello.nl> ntpsweep
25. Poul-Henning Kamp <phk@FreeBSD.ORG> Oncore driver
(Original author)
26. Frank Kardel <kardel (at) ntp (dot) org> PARSE <GENERIC>
driver (>14 reference clocks), STREAMS modules for PARSE,
support scripts, syslog cleanup, dynamic interface handling
27. William L. Jones <jones@hermes.chpc.utexas.edu> RS/6000
AIX modifications, HPUX modifications
28. Dave Katz <dkatz@cisco.com> RS/6000 AIX port
29. Craig Leres <leres@ee.lbl.gov> 4.4BSD port, ppsclock,
Magnavox GPS clock driver
30. George Lindholm <lindholm@ucs.ubc.ca> SunOS 5.1 port
31. Louis A. Mamakos <louie@ni.umd.edu> MD5-based
authentication
32. Lars H. Mathiesen <thorinn@diku.dk> adaptation of
foundation code for Version 3 as specified in RFC-1305
33. Danny Mayer <mayer@ntp.org>Network I/O, Windows Port,
Code Maintenance
34. David L. Mills <mills@udel.edu> Version 4 foundation: clock
discipline, authentication, precision kernel; clock drivers:
Spectracom, Austron, Arbiter, Heath, ATOM, ACTS, KSI/Odetics;
audio clock drivers: CHU, WWV/H, IRIG
35. Wolfgang Moeller <moeller@gwdgv1.dnet.gwdg.de> VMS port
36. Jeffrey Mogul <mogul@pa.dec.com> ntptrace utility
37. Tom Moore <tmoore@fievel.daytonoh.ncr.com> i386 svr4
port
MWR211 User’s Guide
340
38. Kamal A Mostafa <kamal@whence.com> SCO OpenServer
port
39. Derek Mulcahy <derek@toybox.demon.co.uk> and Damon
Hart-Davis <d@hd.org> ARCRON MSF clock driver
40. Rob Neal <neal@ntp.org> Bancomm refclock and config/parse
code maintenance
41. Rainer Pruy <Rainer.Pruy@informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
monitoring/trap scripts, statistics file handling
42. Dirce Richards <dirce@zk3.dec.com> Digital UNIX V4.0 port
43. Wilfredo Sánchez <wsanchez@apple.com> added support for
NetInfo
44. Nick Sayer <mrapple@quack.kfu.com> SunOS streams
modules
45. Jack Sasportas <jack@innovativeinternet.com> Saved a Lot of
space on the stuff in the html/pic/ subdirectory
46. Ray Schnitzler <schnitz@unipress.com> Unixware1 port
47. Michael Shields <shields@tembel.org> USNO clock driver
48. Jeff Steinman <jss@pebbles.jpl.nasa.gov> Datum PTS clock
driver
49. Harlan Stenn <harlan@pfcs.com> GNU
automake/autoconfigure makeover, various other bits (see the
ChangeLog)
50. Kenneth Stone <ken@sdd.hp.com> HP-UX port
51. Ajit Thyagarajan <ajit@ee.udel.edu>IP multicast/anycast
support
52. Tomoaki TSURUOKA <tsuruoka@nc.fukuoka-u.ac.jp>TRAK
clock driver
53. Paul A Vixie <vixie@vix.com> TrueTime GPS driver, generic
TrueTime clock driver
54. Ulrich Windl <Ulrich.Windl@rz.uni-regensburg.de> corrected
and validated HTML documents according to the HTML DTD
MWR211 User’s Guide
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