MTD OHV Series
I13
FORM NO. 769-08890A
jqa=mêçÇìÅíë=^âíáÉåÖÉëÉääëÅÜ~Ñí=√=p~~êÄêΩÅâÉå=√=dÉêã~åó
4
11
19
27
35
43
51
58
65
72
79
87
96
104
112
119
126
134
141
148
155
162
171
179
188
197
206
213
221
English
Contents
Handling the document . . . . . . . . 4
Safe operating practices . . . . . . . 4
About the engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Operating instructions . . . . . . . . . 5
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Cleaning the engine . . . . . . . . . . 9
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Handling the document
As the user of this unit, read this
operating manual carefully before
using the unit for the first time. Then
comply with the operating manual
and keep it for subsequent use.
Never allow children or other people
who are not familiar with this
operating manual to use the unit.
This manual includes safety
instructions which
– point out dangers in connection
with the engine,
– indicate risks of injury,
– show how the risk of injury can be
avoided or reduced.
The safety instructions in this
manual are identified as follows:
! a~åÖÉê>
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Important
Denotes application tips and
important information.
Specifications on the
engine housing
Fig. 8
These specifications are very
important for subsequent
identification when ordering spare
parts and for customer service.
Enter all engine specifications in
the box (Fig. 9).
4
Operating manual for engine
Safe operating practices
Important
In general the term “unit” is used in
the following. The engine can be
installed in different units.
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Operating manual for engine
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English
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ëìÅÜ=~ë=ÅìííÉêëI=Ñ~å=áãéÉääÉêI=ÇêáîÉ=
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Symbols on the unit
Safety instructions and warning
instructions, illustrated with symbols
or pictograms, can be found on the
engine. The symbols have the
following meanings:
!
Caution! Warning –
danger source.
Read operating
instructions before
starting the unit!
Warning – hot surface!
Warning – toxic
vapours!
Do not use the unit in
the rain!
Petrol is flammable!
Use unleaded fuel!
Fig. 1
1 Fuel cap
2 Starter handle
3 Oil filler cap/dip stick
4 Engine cover
5 Exhaust
6 a) Spark plug
b) Spark plug terminal
7 Primer (depending on model)
8 Air filter
9 On/Off switch (depending on
model)
10 Choke lever (depending on
model)
11 Fuel tap (depending on model)
Operating instructions
Checks to be carried out
before operating the unit
Recommended oil grades
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çáä=áå=íÜÉ=ÉåÖáåÉK=fÑ=íÜÉ=ÉåÖáåÉ=áë=
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 Before starting the engine, fill with
oil. Do not pour in too much oil.
The oil tank has a capacity of
approx. 0.6 litres.
Use only 4-stroke oil of classification
SF/SG/SH/SJ or higher.
Select the viscosity of the oil from
the following table depending on the
outside temperature:
10w
Always ensure that
these symbols on the unit are
legible.
a
About the engine
b 20w40, 20w50
These operating instructions
describe different models.
The graphical representations may
differ in detail from the unit which
you purchased.
Compare Fig. 1 with your unit and
make sure you know where the
different controls and regulators are
located.
20w
20
30
40
15w40, 15w50
10w40
10w30
(ºC) -30º -20º -10º 0º 10º 20º 30º40º
a) Single viscosity
b) Multiple viscosity
SAE30 for Type A and SAE 10W-30
for Type B are recommended for
general use within the normal
temperature range.
5
English
If oil with an individual viscosity is
used, a viscosity should be selected
from the table for the average
tempe-rature in the application area.
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Checking the oil level
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Fig. 2
 Unscrew the oil filler cap (1) and
wipe the dip stick.
 Insert the dip stick into the filler
neck.
Screw in one quarter turn.
 Unscrew dipstick.
 Pull out the dipstick and check the
oil level.
If the level is too low, slowly pour
in a little oil up to the upper “max”
mark on the dip stick.
 Before starting the engine, firmly
screw in the dip stick.
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Recommended fuels
!
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6
Operating manual for engine
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Checking the petrol level
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 Before removing the fuel cap and
refuelling, clean the area around
the filler neck.
 Fill the tank until approx. 2 cm
below the rim of the filler neck to
allow the fuel to expand.
Starting the engine
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Note:
Some models have
– no choke and no primer:
The engine is automatically set to
the particular starting process.
– no throttle:
The speed is automatically set.
The engine always runs at
optimum speed.
Fig. 3
Preparing to start the engine
If the engine is cold:
 Set throttle (1; if fitted) to
position
.
or
 Actuate the choke, i.e. pull out the
choke lever (10, Fig. 1; if fitted).
or
 Press the primer (7, Fig. 1;
if fitted):
– at temperatures above 10 °C:
Press 1–3x
– at temperatures below 10 °C:
Press 3–5x
Note:
– When pressing the primer, cover
the vent hole on the primer button
with your finger.
– If the engine does not start,
actuate the primer again.
If the engine is warm:
 Set throttle (1; if fitted) to
MAX/
.
Important
Even if the engine is warm, it may be
necessary
– to actuate the choke (if fitted)
or
– to actuate the primer (if fitted) 1x.
Starting with the hand starter
 Open fuel tap (11, Fig. 1; if fitted).
 Set On/Off switch on the engine
(9, Fig. 1; if available) to position
“On/I”.
 Stand behind the unit, depress
the safety lever (2; if fitted) and
hold down against the handle.
 Pull gently on the starter handle (3)
until it begins to resist. Then pull
quickly and forcefully to overcome
the compression and prevent
a backlash. If required, repeat.
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Operating manual for engine
English
Starting with the electric
starter (depending on model)
 Set the throttle (if fitted) to
 Disconnect charger from power
or
supply and unit.
 Open fuel tap (11, Fig. 1; if fitted).
 Set On/Off switch on the engine
(9, Fig. 1; if available) to position
“On/I”.
 Stand behind the unit, depress
the safety lever (2; if fitted) and
hold down against the handle.
 Turn the key on the steering
handle (4) to the right and hold
until the engine starts.
– Start attempt maximum
5 seconds.
– Wait 20 seconds before trying
again.
 Set On/Off switch on the engine
When the engine has started
 Set throttle (if fitted) to the required
position:
= fast engine speed
= slow engine speed
 Press in choke lever (10, Fig. 1; if
fitted) as soon as the engine has
warmed up.
Stopping the engine
Fig. 3
 Release the safety lever (if fitted).
or
STOP/
.
(9, Fig. 1; if available) to position
“Off/0”.
 Close fuel tap (11, Fig. 1; if fitted).
Important
If you switch off or leave the unit,
remove ignition key (if fitted).
Maintenance
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To maintain a constantly high
power, it is essential to inspect and
re-adjust the engine on a regular
basis. Regular maintenance ensures
a long service life.
The required maintenance intervals
and the type of maintenance work to
be carried out are indicated in the
following table. The intervals
according to operating hours or
other times/dates should be
observed according to which occurs
first. If the engine is operated under
difficult conditions, more frequent
maintenance is required.
At the end of the season have the
unit inspected and serviced by
a specialist company.
Maintenance schedule
Maintenance work
After the first
5 operating
hours
Before each
use or every
5 hours
Clean engine cover

Check engine oil

Change engine oil
Check air filter
Once a season
or every
25 hours
1)

Once a season
or every
50 hours
Once a season
or every
100 hours


2)
Service air filter

Check spark plugs
Service spark plugs

Change fuel filter

Clean/change activatedcarbon filter
2)
Clean exhaust area
1)
2)

If a heavy load or at high ambient temperatures.
If operating the unit in a dusty environment, clean more frequently.
7
English
Operating manual for engine
Checking the oil
Servicing the air filter
 Attach cover:
 Before starting the engine, always
A dirty air filter restricts the air flow to
the carburettor. To prevent the
carburettor from malfunctioning, the
air filter should be cleaned/replaced
regularly. In an extremely dusty
environment more frequent
maintenance may be required.
A paper filter cannot be cleaned and
must be changed according to the
maintenance interval.
– Press lower retaining plates of
the air filter cover into the lower
retaining slots of the air filter
housing (4).
– Press air filter cover upwards
until the upper retaining
plates (2) engage in the upper
retaining slots (5).
 Ensure that the air filter cover is
positioned correctly!
check the oil level.
 Ensure that the correct oil level is
always maintained.
See “Checking the oil level”.
Changing the oil
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Fig. 4
 Remove the oil filler cap (1).
 Drain the oil into a suitable
container by:
– Open the oil drain plug (2) or (3)
– depending on model
or
– tilting the unit on its side (air
filter side face up).
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 Screw in the oil drain plug
(if removed) and tighten.
 Fill the oil tank with the
recommended oil and check the
oil level.
 Re-attach the oil filler cap.
Important
Dispose of waste oil according to
the currently valid regulations for the
protection of the environment. It is
recommended to take the waste oil
in a leakproof container to a waste
oil collection centre. Do not dispose
of with residual waste or pour onto
the ground and leave to seep away.
8
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Fig. 5
Type A:
 Turn air filter cover (1) anticlockwise (to the left) and pull out
backwards.
 Remove paper filter element (3).
 Clean air filter cover (1) and
mounting flange (4).
 Fit new paper filter element in the
air filter cover.
 Press retaining plates (2) of the air
filter cover into the retaining slots
(5) of the mounting flange and turn
all the way clockwise (to the right).
 Ensure that the air filter cover is
positioned correctly!
Type B:
 Press on the retaining plates (2) of
the air filter cover (1) and remove
cover.
 Remove paper filter element (3).
 Gently tap the paper element
several times on a hard surface to
remove dirt or blow out dirt with
compressed air from inside
through the filter. Never attempt to
brush out dirt; the dirt would only
be rubbed permanently into the
fibres. Replace the paper element
if it is excessively dirty.
 Re-insert paper filter element.
Servicing the spark plug
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To ensure that the engine runs
correctly, the gap between the
electrodes on the spark plug must
be set correctly and free of
contaminants.
Fig. 6
 Remove the spark plug terminal (1)
and unscrew the spark plug (2)
with a spark-plug wrench.
 Visually check the spark plug.
Replace the spark plug if it is
clearly worn or the insulator is
damaged.
 Clean the spark plug with a wire
brush if it is to be used again.
 Measure the gap between the
electrodes with a feeler gauge.
If required, re-adjust the gap by
slightly bending the side
electrode. The gap between the
electrodes should be
0.70–0.80 mm (Fig. 7).
 Check that the sealing ring on the
spark plug is in good condition,
then screw in the spark plug by
hand to prevent damage to the
thread.
 When the spark plug is hand-tight,
tighten with the spark-plug
wrench.
Operating manual for engine
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Maintenance of the
activated-carbon filter/fuel
filter
This maintenance work may only be
performed by a service centre
according to maintenance schedule.
Cleaning the engine
If the engine has already been
running, leave it to cool down for at
least one hour before cleaning.
Regularly remove accumulated
grass and dirt from the engine.
Clean the finger guard and the area
around the exhaust. Use a brush or
compressed air.
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English
Storage
Note:
If storage is for longer than 30 days,
a stabiliser can be added to the fuel.
Contact your dealer or the customer
service centre.
Engines which are stored for longer
than 30 days should have an empty
fuel tank in order to prevent the
formation of residue in the fuel
system, especially on important
parts of the carburettor.
 Leave the engine running until the
tank runs out of fuel and the
engine stops.
 Change the oil. See “Changing the
oil”.
 Remove the spark plug and pour
approx. 15 ml of engine oil into the
cylinder. Re-install the spark plug
and slowly pull the starter cable to
distribute the oil.
 Remove grass and dirt from
around the engine, from under the
engine cover and from around the
exhaust.
 Touch up areas of flaking paint
and apply a thin film of oil to other
areas which could rust.
 Store in a clean, dry and well
ventilated area away from units
which operate with a flame or
a warning lamp, e.g. heating
equipment, boilers or tumbledryers. Areas should also be
avoided in which a sparkgenerating electric motor is
situated or in which electric tools
are used.
 If possible, storage areas with
a high air humidity should not be
selected either, as this promotes
the formation of rust and
corrosion.
 Store the unit on a flat surface.
If the unit is on an incline, fuel or oil
may run out.
Procedure following
prolonged storage
 Check the engine as described in
the section “Checking the engine
before start-up”.
 If the fuel was drained prior to
storage of the unit, fill up the tank
with fresh petrol. If a petrol can is
used for refuelling, ensure that it
contains fresh petrol.
 If the cylinder was oiled during
storage, the engine generates a
little smoke when it is started. This
is normal.
Warranty
The warranty regulations issued by
our company or the importer are
valid in all countries. We shall repair
any faults on your unit free of charge
in accordance with the warranty,
provided the fault was due to
defective materials or
manufacturing. If claiming under the
warranty, please contact your seller
or your nearest branch.
9
English
Operating manual for engine
Troubleshooting
Fault
Engine does not start.
Possible cause
Safety lever not actuated.
No fuel in the tank.
Stale fuel.
Engine in a cold state, choke/primer
(if fitted) not actuated.
Throttle not set to “START” or maximum
speed.
Spark plug terminal not connected.
Spark plug dirty or defective.
Engine runs irregularly
(splutters).
Engine overheats.
Blocked petrol line.
Choke (if fitted) actuated.
Spark plug terminal connected loosely.
Stale fuel.
Water or dirt in fuel system.
Air filter dirty.
Spark plug scorched, defective or gap
between electrodes too wide.
Inadequate engine oil.
Air flow restricted.
Engine cuts out at high Gap between electrodes too narrow.
speed.
*)
This work may be carried out by a specialist company only
Remedial action
Actuate safety lever (if fitted).
Fill tank with clean, fresh and lead-free fuel.
Drain stale fuel into a suitable container
outdoors. Fill tank with clean, fresh and leadfree fuel.
Actuate choke/primer.
Set throttle to “START” – maximum speed.
Connect spark plug terminal to the spark
plug.
Clean spark plug.
Re-adjust gap between electrodes or
change spark plug.
Clean petrol line *).
Put back choke lever.
Firmly connect spark plug terminal.
Drain stale fuel into a suitable container
outdoors. Fill tank with clean, fresh and leadfree fuel.
Clean air filter.
Re-adjust gap between electrodes or
change spark plug.
Fill crank case with appropriate amount of
oil.
Remove grass clippings and dirt from the
area around the cooling fins on the engine
and from the blower housing.
Remove spark plug and re-adjust gap
between electrodes.
Important
If repairs exceed the work mentioned above, please contact your local dealer with customer service facilities.
10