Chevrolet 2005 SSR Pickup Specifications

2005 Chevrolet SSR Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Safety Belts
.............................................. 1-6
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-19
Airbag System
......................................... 1-38
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-51
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-9
Windows ................................................. 2-11
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-13
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-15
Mirrors .................................................... 2-28
HomeLink® Transmitter
............................. 2-30
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-35
Convertible Top
....................................... 2-51
Vehicle Personalization
............................. 2-59
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-20
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
........ 3-23
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-42
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-58
M
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-34
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-5
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
Rear Axle
............................................... 5-43
Headlamp Aiming ..................................... 5-44
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-44
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-50
Tires
...................................................... 5-52
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-74
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-82
Electrical System ...................................... 5-83
Capacities and Specifications
..................... 5-93
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance and Information .............. 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-11
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the
name SSR are registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles
first sold in Canada, substitute the name “General
Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there if
needed when you are on the road. If the vehicle is
sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 05SSR A First Edition
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from beginning to
end when they first receive their new vehicle. If this
is done, it can help you learn about the features
and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words work
together in the owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about the
vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual. It is
an alphabetical list of what is in the manual and
the page number where it can be found.
©
2004 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this book. We
use a box and the word CAUTION to tell about things
that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Do Not,”
“Do Not do this” or
“Do Not let this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you do not,
you or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along with
the text describing the operation or information
relating to a specific component, control, message,
gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage the
vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered
by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could be costly. But
the notice will tell what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
following topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Power Seats ..................................................1-2
Heated Seats .................................................1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-4
Seatback Latches ...........................................1-6
Safety Belts .....................................................1-6
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone .................1-6
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-11
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-12
Driver Position ..............................................1-12
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-18
Passenger Position .......................................1-19
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-19
Child Restraints .............................................1-19
Older Children ..............................................1-19
Infants and Young Children ............................1-22
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-24
Top Strap ....................................................1-28
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-29
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-30
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ....................................1-32
Securing a Child Restraint in the Passenger
Seat Position ............................................1-34
Airbag System ...............................................1-38
Where Are the Airbags? ................................1-41
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .....................1-43
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .......................1-45
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .......................1-45
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .....1-46
Airbag Off Switch ..........................................1-47
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...........1-51
Restraint System Check ..................................1-51
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-51
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................1-52
1-1
Front Seats
Power Seats
Driver’s Seat
Horizontal Control
• Move the front of the seat control up or down to
adjust the front portion of the cushion.
• Move the rear of the seat control up or down to
adjust the rear portion of the cushion.
• Lift up or push down on the center of the seat
control to move the entire seat up or down.
• Slide the seat control forward or rearward to move
the seat forward or rearward.
Vertical Control
The vertical control is used to operate the power
lumbar.
Adjust the seat cushion using the horizontal control.
To adjust the seatback, see Reclining Seatbacks
on page 1-4. Once the seat is in the desired position,
adjust the lumbar.
Power seat with memory seat controls shown
The power seat controls are located on the outboard
side of the driver’s seat.
1-2
Press the vertical control forward to increase support
and rearward to decrease support.
If your vehicle has the memory seat feature, you can
program seat positions for up to two drivers. See
Memory Seat on page 2-59 for more information.
Passenger’s Seat
Horizontal Control
To adjust the seat, slide the control forward or rearward
to move the seat forward or rearward.
Vertical Control
The vertical control is used to operate the power
lumbar.
Adjust the seat cushion using the horizontal control.
To adjust the seatback, see Reclining Seatbacks
on page 1-4. Once the seat is in the desired position,
adjust the lumbar.
Press the vertical control forward to increase support
and rearward to decrease support.
The power seat controls are located on the outboard
side of the passenger’s seat.
1-3
Heated Seats
Reclining Seatbacks
If your vehicle has this
feature, the switches are
located on the outboard
side of the driver’s
and passenger’s seats.
The seatbacks in your vehicle provide head restraint,
helping to prevent neck injury in a rear impact, but they
do not provide rollover protection.
This feature will heat the lower cushion and lower back
of the driver’s and passenger’s seats.
Press LO to turn the heater on low. Press HI to turn the
heater on high. Put the switch in the center position
to turn the heater off.
The engine must be running for the heated seats to work.
Also, the passenger’s safety belt must be buckled for the
heated seat feature to work on the passenger’s seat.
If you turn the ignition off when the heated seats are on,
the heated seats will turn off. They will come on again
when you restart the vehicle.
1-4
To recline the seatback, lift the lever on the outboard
side of the seat cushion.
Release the lever to lock the seatback where you
want it. Pull up on the lever without pushing on the
seatback, and the seat will go to an upright position.
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can not do their
job when you are reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can not do its job because it
will not be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
The lap belt can not do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at your
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
1-5
Seatback Latches
To fold the seatback
forward, push the lever on
the side of the seatback
rearward and pull the
seatback forward.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
To return the seatback to the upright position, push it
all the way back until the latch catches. If the seatback
was reclined before being folded forward, it will return
to the reclined position.
1-6
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she can not
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash
and you are not wearing a safety belt, your
injuries can be much worse. You can hit things
inside the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can
be seriously injured or killed. In the same crash,
you might not be if you are buckled up. Always
fasten your safety belt, and check that your
passenger’s belt is fastened properly too.
{CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are
more likely to be seriously injured or killed.
Do not allow people to ride in any area of your
vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle
is in a seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
See Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-26.
In most states and all Canadian provinces, the law says
to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter...a lot!
1-7
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-8
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-9
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-10
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater
if you are belted.
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident — even one that isn’t your fault — you
and your passenger can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of them. Every airbag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has
airbags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-11
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-19
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-22. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you will want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We will start with the driver position.
Driver Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-12
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-19.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-13
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-14
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-15
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-16
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you would not have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-17
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is more
likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
1-18
Passenger Position
Child Restraints
To learn how to wear the passenger’s safety belt
properly, see Driver Position on page 1-12.
Older Children
The passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the
driver’s safety belt — except for one thing. If you ever pull
the shoulder portion of the belt out all the way, you will
engage the child restraint locking feature. If this happens,
just let the belt go back all the way and start again.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer will
order you an extender. It is free. When you go in to order
it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender
will be long enough for you. To help avoid personal
injury, do not let someone else use it, and use it only
for the seat it is made to fit. The extender has been
designed for adults. Never use it for securing child seats.
To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety belt. For
more information, see the instruction sheet that comes
with the extender.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-19
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can not properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
1-20
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper
body would have the restraint that belts provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This
applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
1-21
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby does
not weigh much — until a crash. During a
crash a baby will become so heavy it is not
possible to hold it. For example, in a crash at
only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be secured
in an appropriate restraint.
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
CAUTION:
1-22
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor
its airbag system is designed for them.
Young children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight, height,
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
1-23
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-24
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
1-25
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have
used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to
be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s
belt system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
1-26
One system, the three-point harness, has straps
that come down over each of the infant’s shoulders
and buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps,
two hip straps and a crotch strap. A shield may
take the place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield
has shoulder straps that are attached to a flat
pad which rests low against the child’s body.
A shelf- or armrest-type shield has straps that are
attached to a wide, shelf-like shield that swings
up or to the side.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system
in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal
injury. When securing an add-on child restraint, refer
to the instructions that come with the restraint which
may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both,
and to this manual. The child restraint instructions
are important, so if they are not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
The child restraint must be secured properly in the
passenger seat. If you want to secure a rear-facing child
restraint in the passenger’s seat, turn off the passenger’s
airbag. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-47 and
Securing a Child Restraint in the Passenger Seat
Position on page 1-34 for more on this, including
important safety information.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s
airbag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating airbag. Be sure to turn off the
airbag before using a rear-facing child restraint
in the passenger seat position.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle — even when no
child is in it.
1-27
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
being anchored. Others require the top strap always
to be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires
that the top strap be anchored, do not use the restraint
unless it is anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not
a kit is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
1-28
Top Strap Anchor Location
{CAUTION:
Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor
only one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single bracket could
cause the anchor to come loose or even break
during a crash. A child or others could be
injured if this happens. To help prevent injury
to people and damage to your vehicle, attach
only one child restraint per bracket.
The anchor point for the
top strap is a loop located
at the back of the
passenger side seat.
To locate the top strap anchor see “Top Strap Anchor
Location” following.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you will be
ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
1-29
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle is equipped with the LATCH system.
It is located in the passenger seat.
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors and child restraint
attachments to secure the restraints. Some restraints
also use another vehicle anchor to secure a top
tether strap.
A. Lower Anchorage
B. Lower Anchorage
C. Top Tether
1-30
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached
to its anchorage points, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured or
killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type child
restraint is properly installed using the
anchorage points, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint, and
also the instructions in this manual.
A. Lower Anchorage
B. Lower Anchorage
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint designed for that system.
To assist you in locating the anchors for this child
restraint system, the passenger seat has visible metal
anchorage points in the seat, where the seatback
meets the seat cushion.
1-31
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Your vehicle has a passenger airbag. There is an airbag
off switch in the glove box you can use to turn off the
passenger’s airbag. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-47
for more on this, including important safety information.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s
airbag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in this vehicle unless the
passenger’s airbag has been turned off.
Even though the airbag off switch is designed
to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can guarantee
that an airbag will not deploy under some
unusual circumstance, even though it is turned
off. We recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be transported in vehicles with a
rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facing
child restraint, whenever possible.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the passenger seat, always move
the passenger seat as far back as it will go.
Unless the passenger’s airbag has been turned off,
never put a rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle.
Here is why:
1-32
{CAUTION:
2. Find the LATCH anchorages in the passenger
seat. See Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System) on page 1-30.
3. Put the child restraint on the seat.
If the airbag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the passenger’s
frontal airbag, it means that something may be
wrong with the airbag system. The passenger’s
frontal airbag could inflate even though the
switch is off. If this ever happens, do not let
anyone whom the national government has
identified as a member of a passenger airbag
risk group sit in the passenger’s position
(for example, do not secure a rear-facing
child restraint in your vehicle) until you have
your vehicle serviced. See Airbag Off Switch
on page 1-47.
4. Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on the
child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in the
vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
5. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage.
The child restraint instructions will show you
how. Also see Top Strap on page 1-28.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect
the anchor points.
1. Your vehicle has a passenger’s airbag. See Airbag
Off Switch on page 1-47. If your child restraint is
forward-facing, always move the seat as far back
as it will go before securing it in this seat. See Power
Seats on page 1-2. Never use a rear-facing child
restraint in this seat unless the airbag is off.
1-33
If you were using a rear-facing child restraint, turn on
the passenger’s airbag when you remove the rear-facing
child restraint from the vehicle unless the person who
will be sitting there is a member of a passenger
airbag risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-47.
{CAUTION:
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Passenger Seat Position
Your vehicle has a passenger airbag. There is an airbag
off switch in the glove box you can use to turn off the
passenger’s airbag. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-47
for more on this, including important safety information.
If the passenger’s frontal airbag is turned
off for a person who is not in a risk group
identified by the national government, that
person will not have the extra protection of a
frontal airbag. In a crash, the airbag would not
be able to inflate and help protect the person
sitting there. Do not turn off the passenger’s
frontal airbag unless the person sitting there
is in a risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on
page 1-47 for more on this, including important
safety information.
Unless the passenger’s airbag has been turned off,
never put a rear-facing child restraint in this vehicle.
Here is why:
1-34
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s
airbag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close
to the inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in this vehicle unless the
passenger’s airbag has been turned off.
If the airbag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the passenger’s
frontal airbag, it means that something may be
wrong with the airbag system. The passenger’s
frontal airbag could inflate even though the
switch is off. If this ever happens, do not let
anyone whom the national government has
identified as a member of a passenger airbag
risk group sit in the passenger’s position
(for example, do not secure a rear-facing
child restraint in your vehicle) until you have
your vehicle serviced. See Airbag Off Switch
on page 1-47.
Even though the airbag off switch is designed
to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can guarantee
that an airbag will not deploy under some
unusual circumstance, even though it is turned
off. We recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be transported in vehicles with a
rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facing
child restraint, whenever possible.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the passenger seat, always move
the passenger seat as far back as it will go.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-30. See Top Strap
on page 1-28 if the child restraint has one.
1-35
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a passenger’s airbag. If you are
using a rear-facing child restraint in this seat, make
sure the airbag is turned off. See Airbag Off
Switch on page 1-47. If your child restraint is
forward-facing, always move the seat as far back
as it will go before securing it in this seat. See
Power Seats on page 1-2.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-36
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. You may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-37
If you were using a rear-facing child restraint, turn on
the passenger’s airbag when you remove the rear-facing
child restraint from the vehicle unless the person who
will be sitting there is a member of a passenger
airbag risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-47.
{CAUTION:
If the passenger’s frontal airbag is turned
off for a person who is not in a risk group
identified by the national government, that
person will not have the extra protection of a
frontal airbag. In a crash, the airbag would not
be able to inflate and help protect the person
sitting there. Do not turn off the passenger’s
frontal airbag unless the person sitting there
is in a risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on
page 1-47 for more on this, including important
safety information.
Airbag System
Your vehicle has four airbags — a frontal airbag for
the driver, another frontal airbag for the passenger,
a side impact airbag for the driver, and another
side impact airbag for the passenger.
Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal airbag.
But these airbags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you are not wearing your safety belt — even
if you have airbags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected
from it. Airbags are designed to work with
safety belts but do not replace them.
CAUTION:
1-38
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Frontal airbags for the driver and passenger are
designed to deploy only in moderate to severe
frontal and near frontal crashes. They are not
designed to inflate in rollover, rear or low-speed
frontal crashes, or in many side crashes. And,
for some unrestrained occupants, frontal
airbags may provide less protection in frontal
crashes than more forceful airbags have
provided in the past.
The side impact airbags for the driver and
passenger are designed to inflate only in
moderate to severe crashes where something
hits the side of your vehicle. They are not
designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover or in
rear crashes.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact airbags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you are too close to an inflating airbag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward,
it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for airbag inflation before
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Front
occupants should not lean on or sleep against
the door.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly — whether or not there is an
airbag for that person.
1-39
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see Older Children on page 1-19 or Infants and
Young Children on page 1-22.
1-40
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows the airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-27
for more information.
Where Are the Airbags?
The passenger’s frontal airbag is in the instrument panel
on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s frontal airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-41
The driver’s side impact airbag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-42
The passenger’s side impact airbag is in the side of the
passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
airbag, the airbag might not inflate properly
or it might force the object into that person
causing severe injury or even death. The path
of an inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do
not put anything between an occupant and an
airbag, and do not attach or put anything on
the steering wheel hub or on or near any other
airbag covering. Do not let seat covers block
the inflation path of a side impact airbag.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal airbags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact exceeds a predetermined deployment
threshold. Deployment thresholds take into account
a variety of desired deployment and non-deployment
events and are used to predict how severe a crash
is likely to be in time for the airbags to inflate and help
restrain the occupants. Whether your frontal airbags
will or should deploy is not based on how fast your
vehicle is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit,
the direction of the impact and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal airbags,
which adjust the restraint according to crash severity.
Your vehicle is equipped with electronic frontal sensors,
which help the sensing system distinguish between a
moderate frontal impact and a more severe frontal
impact. For moderate frontal impacts, these airbags
inflate at a level less than full deployment. For
more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
1-43
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that does not move or deform, the threshold level
for the reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph
(19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full
deployment is about 20 to 25 mph (32 to 40 km/h).
(The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above
or below this range.)
Airbags may inflate at different crash speeds.
For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbag
could inflate at a different crash speed than if
the object were moving.
• If the object deforms, the airbag could inflate at a
different crash speed than if the object does not
deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole) the
airbag could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle the
airbag could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.
1-44
The frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
are not intended to inflate during vehicle rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not likely help the occupants.
Side impact airbags are designed to inflate in moderate
to severe side crashes. A side impact airbag will
inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact airbags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
likely help the occupant. A side impact airbag will
only deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because of the
damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs
were. For frontal airbags, inflation is determined by
the angle of the impact and how quickly the vehicle
slows down in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side
impact airbags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact airbags, the sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the airbag. The inflator, the airbag and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules inside
the steering wheel, the instrument panel, and the side
of the front seatbacks closest to the door.
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The airbag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force
of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually.
But the frontal airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and
many side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s
motion is not toward the airbag. Side impact airbags
would not help you in many types of collisions, including
frontal or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear
impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion is
not toward those airbags. Airbags should never
be regarded as anything more than a supplement to
safety belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal collisions for the driver’s and passenger’s
frontal airbags, and only in moderate to severe side
collisions for vehicles with a driver’s and passenger’s
side impact airbag.
1-45
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates?
After the airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the airbag
inflated. Some components of the airbag module will be
hot for a short time. These components include the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s frontal airbag and
the instrument panel for the passenger’s frontal airbag
and the side of the seatback closest to the driver’s
and/or passenger’s door. The parts of the bag that come
into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to
touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming
from the vents in the deflated airbags. Airbag inflation
does not prevent the driver from seeing or being able to
steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving
the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
cannot get out of the vehicle after an airbag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an airbag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the
airbags inflate (if battery power is available). You can
lock the doors again and turn the interior lamps off
by using the door lock and interior lamp controls.
1-46
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an airbag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the passenger airbag.
Airbag Off Switch
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After
an airbag inflates, you will need some new parts for
your airbag system. If you do not get them, the
airbag system will not be there to help protect
you in another crash. A new system will include
airbag modules and possibly other parts. The
service manual for your vehicle covers the need to
replace other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information after
a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders on page 7-10.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your airbag
systems. Improper service can mean that an
airbag system will not work properly. See your
dealer for service.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle has a switch inside the glovebox that you
can use to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the passenger’s airbag, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the airbag module
in the steering wheel or both the airbag module and
the instrument panel for the passenger’s airbag.
Do not open or break the airbag coverings.
1-47
This switch should only be turned to the off position if
the person in the passenger’s position is a member
of a passenger risk group identified by the national
government as follows:
Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old)
must ride in the front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• my vehicle has a rear seat too small to
accommodate a rear-facing infant seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according
to the infant’s physician, makes it necessary for
the infant to ride in the front seat so that the driver
can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12
must ride in the front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear
•
seat(s) whenever possible, children ages 1 to
12 sometimes must ride in the front because
no space is available in the rear seat(s) of my
vehicle; or
the child has a medical condition which, according
to the child’s physician, makes it necessary for the
child to ride in the front seat so that the driver
can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
1-48
Medical Condition. A passenger has a
medical condition which, according to
his or her physician:
• causes the passenger airbag to pose a special risk
for the passenger; and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger
airbag in a crash greater than the potential
harm from turning off the airbag and allowing the
passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard
or windshield in a crash.
{CAUTION:
If the passenger’s frontal airbag is turned
off for a person who is not in a risk group
identified by the national government, that
person will not have the extra protection of a
frontal airbag. In a crash, the frontal airbag
would not be able to inflate and help protect
the person sitting there. Do not turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag unless the person
sitting there is in a risk group.
United States
Canada
United States
To turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag, insert your
ignition key into the switch, push in, and move the
switch to off position.
Canada
The airbag off light, located on the roof panel above
the rearview mirror, will come on and stay on to let
you know that the passenger’s frontal airbag is off.
1-49
See Airbag Off Light on page 3-28. The passenger’s
frontal airbag will remain off until you turn it back
on again.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the passenger’s
frontal airbag, it means that something may be
wrong with the airbag system. The passenger’s
frontal airbag could inflate even though the
switch is off. If this ever happens, do not let
anyone whom the national government has
identified as a member of a passenger airbag
risk group sit in the passenger’s position
(for example, do not secure a rear-facing child
restraint in your vehicle) until you have your
vehicle serviced.
1-50
United States
Canada
To turn the passenger’s frontal airbag on again, insert
your ignition key into the switch, push in, and move
the switch to the on position.
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the airbag system in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
airbag system. To purchase a service manual, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any
other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you
see anything that might keep a safety belt system
from doing its job, have it repaired.
{CAUTION:
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
airbag can still inflate during improper service.
You can be injured if you are close to an airbag
when it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They
are probably part of the airbag system. Be sure
to follow proper service procedures, and make
sure the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The airbag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-51
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
may not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in
a crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
1-52
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system was not being used at the time of
the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system earlier
in this section.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-6
Doors and Locks .............................................2-9
Door Locks ....................................................2-9
Power Door Locks ........................................2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-10
Tailgate .......................................................2-11
Windows ........................................................2-11
Power Windows ............................................2-12
Sun Visors ...................................................2-13
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-13
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................2-13
Passlock® ....................................................2-15
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-15
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-15
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-16
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................2-17
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-17
Automatic Transmission Operation ...................2-19
Manual Transmission Operation ......................2-21
Parking Brake ..............................................2-23
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission) ............................2-24
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission) ............................2-25
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transmission) ...............................2-25
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-26
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-26
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked .......2-27
Mirrors ...........................................................2-28
Manual Rearview Mirror .................................2-28
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with HomeLink® ........................................2-28
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ........................2-29
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-29
Outside Automatic Dimming
Heated Mirror ...........................................2-30
HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................2-30
HomeLink® ..................................................2-30
Programming the HomeLink® ..........................2-31
Storage Areas ................................................2-35
Glove Box ...................................................2-35
Cupholder(s) ................................................2-35
Instrument Panel Storage Area .......................2-35
Center Console Storage Area .........................2-35
Map Pocket .................................................2-35
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
Cargo Cover ................................................2-36
Cargo Tie Downs ..........................................2-39
Floor Tracks ................................................2-40
Cargo Net System ........................................2-42
Side-Saddle Storage .....................................2-47
2-2
Convertible Top ..............................................2-51
Lowering the Convertible Top .........................2-53
Raising the Convertible Top ...........................2-54
Vehicle Personalization ...................................2-59
Memory Seat ...............................................2-59
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. They
could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. The
children or others could be badly injured or
even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
2-3
One key is used for the
ignition, the doors and all
locks except the center
console and trailer hitch.
If you need a new key, contact your dealer for
assistance. In an emergency, contact Chevrolet
Roadside Assistance. See Roadside Assistance
Program on page 7-6 for more information.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
2-4
Center Console Storage Area Key
A separate key is
provided for locking
the center console
storage area.
Trailer Hitch Keys
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
If your vehicle has the GM Accessory Trailer Hitch,
three keys are provided for the receiving hitch lock.
All three keys operate the receiving hitch lock.
See “Hitches” under Towing a Trailer on page 4-35
for additional information.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-5
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to
the left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-6.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or
a qualified technician for service.
2-6
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
You can lock and unlock your doors and cargo area
from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away using
the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
W (Unlock):
When
you press unlock, the
driver’s door will unlock
automatically, the parking
lamps may flash, the
horn may sound, and the
interior lights will turn on.
If your vehicle has the memory seat feature and you
have previously programmed a seat position, the driver’s
seat will move to that position when you press the
unlock button. See Memory Seat on page 2-59 for more
information.
Q (Lock):
Press lock to lock all the doors. Press lock
again within three seconds and the horn will chirp.
F (Cargo Cover Release):
To release the cargo
cover, press the button with this symbol on it. The
convertible top must be all the way up or down for this
feature to work properly. See “Roof Tonneau” under
Lowering the Convertible Top on page 2-53 for
more information. The cargo cover can also be released
using the cargo cover release button located in the
glove box. See Cargo Cover on page 2-36 for more
information.
You can program different feedback settings for up to
two drivers using the Driver Information Center (DIC).
For more information see Driver Information Center
(DIC) on page 3-42.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded
the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of
four transmitters matched to it.
L(Remote Alarm): Press the button with the
horn symbol on it, to sound the horn and make the
headlamps and taillamps flash for up to 30 seconds.
This can be turned off by pressing the horn button again,
or by waiting for 30 seconds, or by starting the vehicle.
2-7
Battery Replacement
To replace the battery in the remote keyless entry
transmitter, do the following:
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
The Driver Information Center (DIC) will display a
Rfa X Battery Low message when the transmitter
battery is low. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-45.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not
to touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
1. Insert a thin coin in the slot between the covers of the
transmitter housing. Gently pry the transmitter apart.
2. Remove and replace the battery with a three-volt
CR2032 or equivalent battery.
3. Align the covers and snap them together.
4. Check the operation of the transmitter.
2-8
Doors and Locks
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Door Locks
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter. See Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 2-6 for more information.
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle will not open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors are not locked. So,
wear safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
To lock or unlock the driver’s door from the outside with
the key, insert the key and turn it clockwise to lock or
counterclockwise to unlock.
From the inside, use the manual or power door locks.
To lock or unlock either door from the inside, pull up
or push down on the manual lock.
2-9
Power Door Locks
Your power door lock
switch is located on the
console switchbank.
See Center Console
Switchbank on page 3-18
for more information.
K (Unlock): Press this symbol to unlock the doors
from inside your vehicle.
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
Your vehicle is programmed from the factory to
automatically lock and unlock under certain conditions.
If all the doors are closed, when you move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) all of the doors will lock on
a vehicle with an automatic transmission or when the
vehicle reaches a speed of 8 mph (13 kph) on a vehicle
with a manual transmission. Every time you move
the shift lever back into PARK (P), the doors will unlock
for a automatic transmission and when the key is
removed from the ignition for a manual transmission.
If someone needs to get out while you are not in
PARK (P) or while the key is in the ignition, have that
person use the manual or power lock. When the door is
closed again, it will not lock automatically. Use the
manual or power lock to lock the door again.
Q (Lock):
Press this symbol to lock the doors from
inside your vehicle.
Customizing Your Automatic
Door Locks Feature
If the key is in the ignition and the driver’s door is
opened, the driver’s door will not lock with the power
door lock switch.
The automatic door locks can be programmed to the
preferred settings for up to two drivers. See DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-52 for more information.
2-10
Tailgate
To open the tailgate, do the following:
1. Open the cargo cover using the remote keyless
entry transmitter or the cargo cover release
button in the glovebox. See Remote Keyless Entry
System Operation on page 2-6 and Cargo Cover
on page 2-36 for more information.
2. Pull up on the handle inside and lower the tailgate.
To close the tailgate, do the following:
1. Close the cargo cover before closing the tailgate.
2. Push the tailgate upward to return it to its upright,
latched position. Push and pull on the tailgate to
make sure it is secure.
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat and
suffer permanent injuries or even death from
heat stroke. Never leave a child, a helpless
adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-11
Power Windows
The driver’s and
passenger’s power
window switches are
located on the center
console switchbank.
See Center Console Switchbank on page 3-18 for more
information on location.
When you open a door, the window will automatically
lower about a half inch. When the door is closed,
the window will then close. If you wish to re-open the
window once it’s closed, press and hold the bottom
of the power window switch to lower the window.
Press and hold the top of the switch with the up arrow
to raise the window.
2-12
The ignition must be in ACCESSORY or RUN or
in Retained Accessory Power (RAP) mode for the
window switches to work. See Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) on page 2-17.
Express-Down Window
Both driver’s and passenger’s window switches have
the express-down feature. Tap the bottom of the driver’s
or passenger’s power window switch and immediately
release. The window will lower completely. To stop
the express-down feature from lowering the window
completely, simply tap the switch again or press the lock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter. See
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on page 2-6
for more information.
To close the window, press and hold the up arrow.
Programming the Power Windows
If the battery on your vehicle has been recharged,
disconnected, or is not working properly, you will need
to reprogram the power windows for them to work
properly. Before reprogramming, you will need to replace
or recharge your vehicle’s battery.
To program the windows, follow these steps:
1. With the ignition in ACCESSORY or RUN,
close the doors.
2. Fully lower the windows using the driver’s power
window switches. Then raise the windows
completely.
The windows are now programmed.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle is equipped with a content theft-deterrent
alarm system.
With this system, the
security light will flash
as you open the door
(if your ignition is off).
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the sun visors.
You can also move them from side to side.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirrors
Pull the visor down and lift the cover to expose the
mirror. The light will automatically come on. The light
will go out when you close the cover.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal.
This light reminds you to activate the theft-deterrent
system. Here’s how to do it:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or
the remote keyless entry transmitter. The security
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all doors. The security light should go off
after approximately 30 seconds. The alarm is not
armed until the security light goes off.
Your vehicle has a feature that allows you to
program alarm warning feedback when locking the
doors using the remote keyless entry transmitter.
See “Alarm Warning Type” under DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-52, for programing
instructions.
2-13
If a locked door is opened with the key, without the
key, or without the remote keyless entry transmitter,
the alarm will go off. The headlamps and parking lamps
will flash for two minutes, and the horn will sound for
30 seconds, then will turn off to save the battery power.
You can disable the alarm using the remote keyless
entry transmitter or by putting the key in the ignition and
starting the vehicle.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate
if you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates only if you use a power door lock
switch with the door open, or with the remote keyless
entry transmitter. You should also remember that
you can start your vehicle with the correct ignition key
if the alarm has been set off.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
• If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, the vehicle should be locked with the
door key after the doors are closed.
• Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter. Unlocking a door any
other way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with the key. You can also turn off the alarm by pressing
unlock on the remote keyless entry transmitter. The alarm
won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any other way.
2-14
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s window
and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
power door lock switch while the door is open, or
with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait for
the security light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the door
with the manual door lock and open the door. This
should set off the alarm.
When the alarm is set the power door unlock switch is
not operational.
If the alarm does not sound when it should but the
headlamps flash, check to see if the horn works. The
horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse, see
Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-84.
If the alarm does not sound or the headlamps do not
flash, the vehicle should be serviced by your dealer.
Passlock®
Your vehicle is equipped with the
Passlock® theft-deterrent system.
Passlock® is a passive theft-deterrent system. Passlock®
enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with a
valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock
cylinder is tampered with, the fuel system is disabled and
the vehicle will not start.
During normal operation, the security light will turn off
approximately five seconds after the key is turned
to RUN. See Security Light on page 3-37.
If the engine stalls and the security light flashes, wait
about 10 minutes until the light stops flashing before
trying to restart the engine. Remember to release
the key from START as soon as the engine starts.
If the engine does not start after three tries, the vehicle
needs service.
If the engine is running and the security light comes on,
you will be able to restart the engine if you turn the engine
off. However, your Passlock® system is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by Passlock® at this time. You
may also want to check the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-84. See your dealer for service.
In an emergency, call the GM Roadside Assistance
Center. See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
break-in. But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first 500 miles (805 km).
• Do not drive at any one speed, fast or slow,
for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make
full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings are not yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in.
See Towing a Trailer on page 4-35 for
more information.
2-15
Ignition Positions
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break the
key. Use the correct key and turn the key only with
your hand. Make sure the key is in all the way. If
none of this works, then your vehicle needs service.
A (Off): This is the only position in which you can
insert or remove the key. This position locks the
ignition and transmission. It is a theft-deterrent feature.
Notice: Lengthy operation of features such
as the radio in the accessory ignition position
may drain the battery and prevent your vehicle
from starting. Do not operate your vehicle in
the accessory ignition position for a long period
of time.
Use the key to turn the ignition switch to four different
positions.
B (Accessory): This position lets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off.
C (Run): This is the position for driving.
D (Start): This position starts the engine.
2-16
Key Release Button
(Manual Transmission)
The ignition key cannot
be removed from the
ignition of manual
transmission vehicles
unless the key release
button is used.
To remove the key on manual transmission vehicles, turn
the key to ACCESSORY, then press the button and turn
the key to LOCK. Do not hold the button in while turning
the key to ACCESSORY. Pull the key straight out.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle is equipped with Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) which will allow certain features of your
vehicle to continue working for up to 20 minutes after
the ignition key is turned to OFF.
Your radio and power windows will work when the
ignition key is in RUN or ACCESSORY. Once the key is
turned from RUN to OFF, these features will continue
to work for up to 20 minutes or until a door is opened.
Starting Your Engine
Automatic Transmission
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine will not start in any other position — that
is a safety feature. To restart when you are already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Manual Transmission
The gear selector should be in NEUTRAL and the
parking brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor
and start the engine. Your vehicle will not start if the
clutch pedal is not all the way down — that is a safety
feature.
2-17
Starting Your Engine
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START. When the engine starts,
let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer
than 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery
to be drained much sooner. And the excessive
heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If the engine does not start within 10 seconds, push
the accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while
you hold the ignition key in START. When the
engine starts, let go of the key and let up on the
accelerator pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
Depending on the outside temperature, the engine
starter may continue cranking the engine up to
approximately four seconds after you release the
ignition key. This is normal.
2-18
When starting your engine in very cold weather
(below 0°F or 18°C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START and hold it there up
to 15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go
of the key.
2. If your engine still will not start, or starts but then
stops, it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If the
vehicle starts briefly but then stops again, do the
same thing, but this time keep the pedal down
for five or six seconds. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
Automatic Transmission Operation
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Your automatic transmission has a shift lever located
on the center console.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It is
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle cannot move easily.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle will not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set your parking
brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See
Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transmission)
on page 2-24. If you are pulling a trailer, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-35.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control system. You have to
fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift
from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in RUN.
2-19
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever, and push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) (press the button in on the console shift
lever) as you maintain brake application. Then move
the shift lever into the gear you wish. See Shifting Out of
Park (P) (Automatic Transmission) on page 2-25.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission,
see If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-28.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart when you
are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine running at high speed may damage
the transmission. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Be sure the engine is not running
at high speed when shifting your vehicle.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving.
If you need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push
your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push
the accelerator all the way down.
You will shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
2-20
DRIVE (D) should not be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills or for
off-road driving. Select THIRD (3) when operating the
vehicle under any of these conditions.
Manual Transmission Operation
This is your shift pattern.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving,
however, it offers more power and lower fuel economy
than DRIVE (D).
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy than DRIVE (D) and THIRD (3). You
can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your
speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use your brakes off and on.
You can also use SECOND (2) for starting your vehicle
from a stop on slippery road surfaces.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power but
lower fuel economy than THIRD (3) and SECOND (2).
You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or
mud. If the shift lever is put in FIRST (1) while the vehicle
is moving forward, the transmission will not shift into first
gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle
in one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transmission. If you
are stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on
a hill, use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Here is how to operate your manual transmission:
FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into
FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as
you slowly press down on the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST (1) when you are going less
than 20 mph (30 km/h). If you have come to a complete
stop and it is hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the shift
lever in NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Then press
the clutch pedal back down and shift into FIRST (1).
SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up
on the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press
the accelerator pedal.
2-21
THIRD, FOURTH, FIFTH and SIXTH (3, 4, 5 and 6):
Shift into THIRD (3), FOURTH (4), FIFTH (5) and
SIXTH (6) the same way you do for SECOND (2).
Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the
accelerator pedal.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press
the brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press the
clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to
NEUTRAL.
Use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, for
parking your vehicle.
NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle
your engine.
REVERSE (R): To back up, press the clutch pedal.
After the vehicle stops, shift into REVERSE (R). Slowly
let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator
pedal. If it is hard to shift, let the shift lever return
to NEUTRAL and release the clutch pedal. Then
press the clutch again and shift into REVERSE (R).
Do not attempt to shift into the fifth gear position prior
to shifting into REVERSE (R). Your transmission
has a lock out feature which prevents a fifth gear to
reverse gear shift.
2-22
Shift Speeds
{CAUTION:
If you skip a gear when you downshift, you
could lose control of your vehicle. You could
injure yourself or others. Don’t shift down
more than one gear at a time when you
downshift.
Parking Brake
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down. Then push the release button in as you move
the parking brake lever all the way down.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down.
Pull the parking brake lever up. If the ignition is on, the
brake system warning light will come on. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 3-30 for more
information.
2-23
Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle will not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, always set your parking
brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake. See Parking Brake on
page 2-23 for more information.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pressing the
button on the lever while pushing the lever all the
way toward the front of the vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2-24
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
remove the key from the ignition, the vehicle is in
PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running (Automatic Transmission)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold down
the regular brake pedal. See if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull
the shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque
lock.” To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake
and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave
the driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” listed previously in this section.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
Shifting Out of Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission)
Parking Your Vehicle
(Manual Transmission)
Before you get out of your vehicle, move the shift
lever into REVERSE (R), and firmly apply the parking
brake. Once the shift lever has been placed into
REVERSE (R), with the clutch pedal pressed in, you
can turn the ignition key to OFF, press the key release
button to remove the key and release the clutch.
See Key Release Button (Manual Transmission) under
Ignition Positions on page 2-16.
If you are parking on a hill, see “Parking on Hills” under
Towing a Trailer on page 4-35.
If your vehicle is pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 4-35.
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brake before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition is in RUN. See Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 2-19.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the
shift lever, push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P),
and release the shift lever button as you maintain brake
application. Then press the shift lever button and move
the shift lever into the gear you wish.
2-25
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you cannot see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
2-26
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-26.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the automatic transmission shift lever is not
fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave your
vehicle when the engine is running unless you
have to. If you have left the engine running,
the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake and
move the automatic transmission shift lever to
PARK (P), or the manual transmission shift
lever to NEUTRAL.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will
not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic
Transmission) on page 2-24.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-24.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-35.
2-27
Mirrors
Mirror Operation
Manual Rearview Mirror
The mirror automatically changes to reduce glare from
headlamps behind you. A time delay feature prevents
rapid changing from the day to night positions while
driving under lights and through traffic.
The vehicle may have a manual rearview mirror. While
sitting in a comfortable driving position, adjust the mirror
so you can see clearly behind your vehicle. Grip the
mirror in the center to move it up or down and side to
side. The control at the bottom of the mirror is the
day/night feature that allows adjustment to the mirror so
that the glare of headlamps from behind is reduced.
Push the control for daytime use; pull it for night use.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with HomeLink®
The vehicle may have an automatic dimming rearview
mirror with map lamps and HomeLink® Transmitter
buttons. For more information about this feature, see
HomeLink® on page 2-30.
While sitting in a comfortable driving position, adjust
the mirror so you can see clearly behind your vehicle.
Grip the mirror in the center to move it up or down
and side to side.
2-28
[ (On/Off): The automatic dimming feature is
automatically activated when the vehicle is started.
The automatic dimming feature is turned on or off
by pressing this button located on the lower part
of the mirror. Press and hold the button for up to
three seconds to turn this feature on or off.
T (Indicator Light):
This light will turn on when the
automatic dimming feature is on.
+ (Map Lamps): Press this button to turn the map
lamps on and off.
Press the two outside mirror buttons to light the
transmission positions on the console.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as this could damage
the mirror housing.
Outside Power Heated Mirrors
The vehicle has outside heated power mirrors.
The power mirror
control is located
on the driver’s door.
Both mirrors heat to clear them of ice, snow and
condensation when the rear window defogger is turned
on. See “Rear Window Defogger” under Climate
Control System on page 3-20 for more information.
The mirrors can be manually folded inward to prevent
damage when going through an automatic car wash
or confined space. Push each mirror toward the vehicle.
To return the mirror to its original position, push
outward. Be sure to return the mirrors to their original
unfolded position before driving.
Outside Convex Mirror
A convex mirror’s surface is curved so more can be
seen from the driver’s seat.
To adjust the power mirrors, do the following:
1. Turn the knob toward the mirror to be adjusted.
2. Move the knob in the desired direction.
3. Return the knob to the center position once the
mirrors are adjusted.
When the furthest position is reached in any direction,
the mirror will enter a ratcheting mode and a clicking
sound will be heard. To stop this, move the control
knob in the opposite direction.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
2-29
Outside Automatic Dimming
Heated Mirror
If the vehicle has this feature, the driver’s side outside
rearview mirror will adjust for the glare of headlamps
from behind by pushing the on and off settings on the
mirror. See Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with HomeLink® on page 2-28 for more information.
HomeLink® Transmitter
HomeLink®
Both outside mirrors are also heated when the
rear window defogger is turned on. See “Rear Window
Defogger” under Climate Control System on page 3-20.
The mirrors can be manually folded inward to prevent
damage when going through an automatic car wash.
To fold, push the mirror toward the vehicle. To return
the mirror to its original position, push outward. Be sure
to return the mirrors to their original unfolded position
before driving.
If your vehicle has this feature, the HomeLink®
transmitter buttons are located on the automatic
dimming rearview mirror. The three buttons on the left
side of the mirror are the HomeLink® transmitter buttons.
HomeLink®, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand-held transmitters used to activate devices such
as gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
HomeLink® information can be found on the Internet at
www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
2-30
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
Transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink®
Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow Steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles
as well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is
also recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased
for security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink®
Buttons” or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the
Internet at: www.homelink.com or by calling
1-800-355-3515.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
2-31
Programming HomeLink®
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers
may require you to substitute Step 3 with the
procedure noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
2-32
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device should
activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed and
released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.”
You do not want to repeat Step 1, as this will erase
all previous programming.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured
to “time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink® ” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink® ” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button
while you press and release every two seconds (cycle)
your hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal
has been successfully accepted by HomeLink®.
The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly. Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming
HomeLink® ” to complete.
Using HomeLink®
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button
for at least half of a second. The indicator light will
come on while the signal is being transmitted.
2-33
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
Do not hold the two outside buttons for longer
than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and
can be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2
under “Programming HomeLink® ” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they can
be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” following this section.
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink®
button previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button.
Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink® ” shown earlier in this section.
Resetting Defaults
To reset HomeLink® to default settings do the following:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
3. Release both buttons.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink®
at 1-800-355-3515, or on the Internet at
www.homelink.com.
2-34
Storage Areas
Glove Box
To open the glove box, pull on the lever. Use your
door key to lock or unlock it.
Cupholder(s)
Your vehicle has one cupholder located on your
instrument panel and one cupholder that is removable
and snaps to the passenger’s side of the center console
in the bracket provided.
To open the cupholder on the instrument panel, push
in the center of the cupholder door. The cupholder
will then release and move outward toward you for
use. To return the cupholder to its closed position,
push in the center of the cupholder door near the top.
If you press in the center middle of the cupholder
door, the cupholder will not close properly.
Instrument Panel Storage Area
There is a storage tray located to the right of the
steering wheel on the instrument panel. Press on the
tray to release it. The tray will slide out of the instrument
panel toward you. You can then put small items into
the tray. To close the tray, push forward on the center of
the tray until it latches back into the instrument panel.
Center Console Storage Area
Your center console has a storage area that can be
locked and unlocked with the center console storage
key. See Keys on page 2-3 for more information.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on both the driver
and passenger side doors.
2-35
Cargo Cover
Opening the Cargo Cover
Notice: Opening the cargo cover manually when the
convertible top is not in the full-open or full-closed
position could damage the tonneau cover and the
convertible top. Always make sure the convertible
top is in the full-closed or full-opened position before
manually opening the cargo cover.
Press this button located
in the glovebox to release
the cargo cover.
You can also open the cargo cover using the remote
keyless entry transmitter. See Remote Keyless Entry
System Operation on page 2-6 for more information. The
tailgate must be open for you to close the cargo cover.
See Tailgate on page 2-11 for more information.
If you cannot open your cargo cover using your remote
keyless entry transmitter you should first check the
battery. See “Battery Replacement” under Remote
Keyless Entry System Operation on page 2-6. If
changing the battery does not work, you may need to
replace the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 5-84 for more information.
To open your cargo cover manually, do the following:
1. Locate the control box under the rear of the vehicle
on the driver’s side, behind the rear tire.
2-36
Removing the Cargo Cover
Do not remove the factory installed drain plugs located
on the inside front of the cargo cover. These plugs
have been installed to keep dust and water from
entering into the cargo bed.
Your vehicle’s cargo cover can be removed. You will
need more than one person to remove the cargo cover.
1. Open the tailgate. See Tailgate on page 2-11 for
instructions.
2. Disconnect the
electrical connector
located on the
underside of the cargo
cover near the front
of the bed, if equipped.
2. Insert the convertible top release tool and turn it to
activate the emergency release. The convertible top
release tool is provided by the dealer and stored
in the glovebox. See your dealer if the convertible
top release tool is misplaced.
2-37
3. Locate and remove
the bolts that hold
the cargo cover
in place. There is
one bolt on each
side near the front
of the cargo area.
4. Slide the cover rearward and then lift up on
the passenger’s side of the cargo cover.
Then have another person lift the driver’s side
of the cargo cover.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 4 to reinstall the
cargo cover.
2-38
Emergency Cargo Cover Release
Handle
Cargo Tie Downs
Your vehicle may have
four cargo tie downs
in the rear cargo area.
If equipped, use the cargo tie downs to secure cargo in
the cargo storage area.
Notice: Using the emergency cargo cover release
handle as a tie-down or anchor point when securing
items in the cargo area may damage it. Use the
emergency cargo cover release handle only to help
you open the cargo cover.
Your vehicle has a glow-in-the-dark emergency cargo
cover release handle located in the cargo area on
the driver’s side of the vehicle. This handle will glow
following exposure to light. Pull the release handle up
to open the cargo cover from the inside.
2-39
Floor Tracks
Your vehicle has floor tracks and side rails that can be
used to install accessories in the cargo area of your
vehicle. The floor tracks may have covers that can be
removed so that available accessories can be installed if
the optional cargo compartment trim is ordered. For
more information on available accessories for your
vehicle, see your dealer.
To install the floor track covers, follow these steps:
1. Open the tailgate. See Tailgate on page 2-11.
2. Locate and remove the fastener at the tailgate end
of the floor track.
2-40
3. Slide the endcap rearward to remove it.
4. Insert the cover into the floor track and slide it all
the way forward.
5. Reinstall the floor track fastener and endcap by
reversing Steps 2 and 3.
6. Slide the floor track cover rearward until it rests
against the endcap.
7. Repeat the above steps to install a cover for the
other floor track.
To remove the floor track covers, reverse the installation
procedure.
Additional cargo strips are installed by attaching them to
the Velcro® strips located in the carpeted cargo area.
2-41
Cargo Net System
Your vehicle may have a cargo net system that attaches
to the side rails and tailgate to help keep items in
your cargo area from moving around.
Removable Endcaps Shown
2. Locate and remove the endcaps from the forward
ends of the cargo area side rails.
If your vehicle has an access slot on the forward
ends of the side rails use this for attachment of
the cargo net, the endcaps do not need to be
removed to attach the cargo net to the vehicle.
To install the cargo net system, do the following:
1. If your vehicle has the side-saddle storage bins
installed, remove the bins before installing the
cargo net. See Side-Saddle Storage on page 2-47
for instructions. Once the cargo net system has
been installed, the side-saddle storage bins can
be reinstalled.
2-42
Side Rail with End Cap Removed Shown
3. Insert a locking tab into the forward end of
each side rail and slide the tabs rearward.
Then reinstall the endcaps on the forward ends
of the side rails.
If your vehicle has an access slot on the forward
end of each side rail, insert the locking tab into
the access slot and slide the tabs rearward.
4. Loosen the knobs located on top of the telescoping
cross bar by turning them counterclockwise.
2-43
5. Position the cross bar vertically between the side
rails as shown.
2-44
6. Insert the tabs located at each end of the cross bar
into the side rails.
You may need to adjust the length of the cross bar
to make it fit between the side rails.
7. Turn the cross bar so that it is horizontal as shown.
8. Slide the locking tabs in the side rails until they
are aligned with the knobs on the cross bar as
shown and loosely tighten the knobs.
9. Slide the cross bar to the desired location and
adjust the length of the bar as necessary.
10. Tighten all the cross bar knobs.
11. Remove the pushpins located on the outboard
sides of the tailgate near the top.
2-45
12. Install and tighten a D-ring into each hole on the
tailgate.
Be sure to use the D-rings supplied with the cargo
net system that have 0.9 inches (22 mm) studs.
Using other D-rings will not work because the studs
will not be the correct length and the cargo net
system will not be secured properly.
13. Clip the cargo net to the tailgate D-rings with the
label facing up and on the driver’s side of the
vehicle.
14. Clip the other end of the cargo net to the
telescoping cross bar as shown.
2-46
Side-Saddle Storage
Your vehicle may have a side-saddle storage system to
store items on either side of the rear cargo area.
15. Wrap the Velcro® strap around the cross bar as
shown to secure the middle portion of the cargo net.
Notice: Loading items that weigh more than
75 lbs (34 kg) in the cargo net could cause damage
to the cargo net and/or your vehicle. Do not load
heavy items in the cargo net.
Be sure to load items in the cargo area according to
the proper load limits. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29 for more information.
The side-saddle storage system is attached to the
tracks on the floor and side rails of the cargo area and
is removable.
The cargo net system can be removed by reversing
the installation procedure.
2-47
To install the side-saddle storage bins, do the following:
Side Rail with End Cap Removed Shown
Removable Endcaps Shown
1. Locate and remove the endcap on the side rail near
the forward end of the cargo area.
If your vehicle has an access slot on the forward
end of the side rails, the endcaps do not need to
be removed for installation.
2. Insert a locking tab into the forward end of the side
rail and slide the tab rearward. Then reinstall the
endcap on the forward end of the side rail.
If your vehicle has an acces slot on the forward end
of the side rail, insert the locking tab through the
acces slot and slide the tab rearward.
3. If your vehicle has the floor track covers installed,
they must first be removed before continuing the
installation of the side-saddle storage bins.
See Floor Tracks on page 2-40 for instructions.
2-48
4. Prepare to insert a tapping plate into the floor
track by locating the end of the plate that has
the shortest distance between the end of the plate
and the first stud. The distance will measure
approximately 3.9 inches (100 mm).
5. Insert a tapping plate into the tailgate end of the
floor track and slide it forward, making sure that
the three studs on the plate are facing upward.
2-49
6. Place one of the side-saddle storage bins on the
floor track so that the studs on the tapping plate
line up with the holes in the bottom of the bin.
2-50
7. Slide the locking tab forward in the side rail until the
hole in the middle lines up with the metal bracket
on the side-saddle storage bin.
10. Once the bin has been situated properly, fully
tighten the three wing nuts in the bottom of
the bin and the D-ring on the side rail.
11. Install the locking lid on the storage bin.
Each storage bin is delivered with two keys.
If additional keys are needed, your dealer can
create them using the key code imprinted on
each key.
12. Repeat the above steps to install the other
storage bin.
To remove the storage bin(s), reverse the previous steps.
8. Insert one of the D-rings through the bracket and
locking plate and loosely tighten it to the side rail.
Be sure to use the D-rings supplied with the
side-saddle storage system that have 0.3 inches
(8 mm) studs. Using other D-rings will not work
because the studs will be too long and the storage
bins will not be secured properly. If you need
additional D-rings and locking tabs, contact
your dealer.
Be sure to load items in the cargo area according to
the proper load limits. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29 for more information.
Convertible Top
Operate the convertible top by pressing the convertible
top switch located on the console switchbank. See
Center Console Switchbank on page 3-18 for more
information on location.
9. Loosely install the three wing nuts on the studs in
the bottom of the storage bin.
2-51
Windscreen
The vehicle must have the correct seatback bumpers to
install the windscreen. The correct seatback bumpers
have a bevelled notch (B) above the seat’s inboard
protective cap (C). The notch allows the bumper to fit
over the windscreen bracket which mounts to the
inboard mounting studs.
Install the windscreen by following these steps:
Rear View of Seatback
A. Windscreen
B. Bevelled Notch in Carpeted Seatback Bumper
C. Protective Cap on Carpeted Seatback Bumper
The vehicle may have a windscreen (A) installed
to the rear of each seat to lessen wind noise while
the convertible roof is retracted. The convertible roof
can be opened or closed with the windscreen installed.
2-52
1. Before installing the windscreen, the convertible top
must be fully retracted and the seats moved forward.
2. Remove the windscreen from its protective bag.
3. Locate the carpeted seatback bumper behind
each seat.
4. Remove protective caps from the bumpers.
5. Loosen the four seatback bumper nuts from each
seat. It is not necessary to remove the bumpers
completely.
6. With the seatback bumpers loosened, slide the
windscreen mounting brackets behind the
seatback bumpers. The angled portion of the
mounting brackets should rest tightly into the
bevels of the seatback bumpers.
7. Tighten the bumper nuts and reinstall the protective
molding caps.
When not using the windscreen, store it in its
protective bag.
Lowering the Convertible Top
Notice: If you operate the convertible top switch
continuously while the ignition is in ACCESSORY,
the battery will drain and you might not be able
to start your vehicle. Do not use the convertible
top switch for extended periods of time when
the ignition is in ACCESSORY.
The ignition must be in RUN or ACCESSORY, your
foot must be on the brake, and the vehicle must
be stopped in order to lower the convertible top.
a (Top Open): Press and hold this symbol
on the convertible top switch located on the center
console switchbank to open the convertible top.
The windows will lower automatically when the top
begins to lower. Two chimes will sound when the
convertible top is fully opened.
A “Roof Cycle Timeout” message will display on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) and the convertible
top will stop moving when the programmed time limit
is exceeded for the lowered position. See “Roof
Cycle Timeout” under DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-45.
If the convertible top cannot be lowered using the
convertible top switch, the fuse may need to be
replaced. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-84
for more information.
If the convertible top still does not operate, contact your
GM dealer.
Roof Tonneau
Notice: Opening the cargo cover manually when the
convertible top is not in the full-open or full-closed
position could damage the tonneau cover and the
convertible top. Always make sure the convertible
top is in the full-closed or full-opened position before
manually opening the cargo cover.
The vehicle has a roof tonneau that is raised or lowered
along with the convertible top using the convertible
top switch.
If roof tonneau does not raise or lower when using the
convertible top switch, verify that the cargo cover is
closed. The roof tonneau will not raise or lower if the
cargo cover is open. See Cargo Cover on page 2-36 and
for more information. There will also be a message
displayed on the on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-45 for more
information on possible DIC messages and how to clear
them from the display.
2-53
If the cargo area is closed and the roof tonneau does
not raise or lower, check to see if a fuse is blown.
See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-84 for more
information.
Contact your GM dealer if the roof tonneau still does not
raise or lower after replacing the fuse.
A “Roof Cycle Timeout” message will display on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) and the convertible top
will stop moving when the programmed time limit is
exceeded for the raised position. See “Roof Cycle
Timeout” under DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-45.
The roof tonneau can manually be raised or lowered in
the event of a power loss. See Raising the Convertible
Top on page 2-54 for instructions.
If the convertible top cannot be raised by using the
convertible top switch, the fuse may need to be
replaced. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-84
for more information.
Raising the Convertible Top
If the convertible top still cannot be lowered or raised,
contact your GM dealer.
Notice: If you operate the convertible top switch
continuously while the ignition is in ACCESSORY,
the battery will drain and you might not be able
to start your vehicle. Do not use the convertible
top switch for extended periods of time when
the ignition is in ACCESSORY.
The roof tonneau and convertible top can be raised in
the event of a power loss. Two people are needed to lift
the roof tonneau and convertible top when using the
following procedure.
The ignition must be in RUN or ACCESSORY, your
foot must be on the brake, and the vehicle must
be stopped in order to raise the convertible top.
b (Top Closed):
Press and hold this symbol on
the convertible top switch located on the center console
switchbank to close the convertible top. Two chimes
will sound when the top is fully closed.
2-54
1. Turn the ignition to OFF.
2. Open both doors.
3. In the area behind the seats, locate the two sets of
cables behind the carpet flaps. The cables on the
driver’s side are located behind the tire inflator
kit. The tire inflator kit must be removed to access
the cables. See Tire Inflator Kit on page 5-68
for instructions on how to remove the tire inflator kit.
4. Locate the loops at the ends of the cables.
One has a red band on it, and the other has a
green band.
The cable with the green band opens the tonneau
latch, and the cable with the red band closes it.
6. Pull the cable with the release tool.
7. Repeat Steps 4 through 6 on the other side.
5. Using the release tool for the convertible top,
hook the tool into the green loop.
The convertible top release tool is stored in the
glovebox for new vehicles purchased from your
GM dealer.
2-55
8. Lift up on the roof tonneau and raise it to the
upright position.
2-56
9. Grasp the front panel of the convertible top
and pull up.
More than one person is needed to do this.
One person working on each side is best.
11. Pry off the plastic cap
located between the
sun visors.
Driver’s side latches shown, passenger’s side similar
10. Insert the front panel into the roof latches.
One person should hold the convertible top up
from the rear in the closed position while another
person performs the next steps.
12. Slide the tool side of
the convertible release
tool until the entire
tool forms a right angle
as shown.
2-57
13. Insert the convertible top release tool into the latch
closing mechanism between the sun visors and turn
it counterclockwise until the latches are secured
and the convertible top is fully closed.
2-58
14. From the upright position, push down on the outer
area of the boot cover panel where the hinges and
hydraulic cylinders are located to separate it
from the roof tonneau. Then, continue to push the
boot cover panel down as far as it will go.
Vehicle Personalization
Memory Seat
Boot cover panel down, roof tonneau up
15. Push down on the roof tonneau to close and latch
it. It will fit together with the boot cover to form one
continuous panel as it did in the upright position.
16. Using the release tool for the convertible top, hook
the tool into the red loop.
17. Once the roof tonneau is closed and latched, adjust
the cables located behind the seats. Pull the cable
with the red band until both cables are the same
length. Repeat this step on the other side.
Your vehicle may have a memory driver’s seat. The
controls for this feature are located on the outboard side
of the driver’s seat and are used to program and
recall memory settings for the driver’s seating positions.
18. Check the roof tonneau to make sure it is secure
before driving.
2-59
To program memory settings to each button, use the
following steps:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat to the desired position.
2. Press the SET button.
3. Press and hold button 1 (for Driver 1) for three
seconds. A double chime will sound to let you
know that the position has been stored.
A second seating position can be programmed by
repeating the procedure with a second driver and
pressing button 2 for three seconds.
To recall a memory position, do one of the following:
• If you have an automatic transmission vehicle,
press and release the desired button 1 or 2
while the vehicle is in PARK (P). A single chime
will sound and the memory position will be recalled.
If the vehicle is not in PARK (P), the memory
position will not be recalled.
• If you have a manual transmission vehicle, press
and release the desired button 1 or 2 while the
vehicle is off. A single chime will sound and
the memory position will be recalled. If the vehicle
is not off, the memory position will not be
recalled.
2-60
If you use the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter to enter your vehicle, the preset driver’s
seat positions will be recalled if programmed to do so
through the Driver Information Center (DIC). The
numbers on the back of the transmitters, 1 or 2,
correspond to the numbers on the memory controls.
The seat positions can also be recalled by placing the
key in the ignition if programmed to do so through
the Driver Information Center (DIC).
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at any
time, press one of the power seat controls or memory
buttons.
Further programming for automatic seat can be
done through the Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-52 for
more information.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-5
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-5
Horn .............................................................3-6
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-6
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-6
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ........................3-7
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ..................3-8
Flash-to-Pass .................................................3-8
Windshield Wipers ..........................................3-8
Windshield Washer .........................................3-9
Cruise Control ................................................3-9
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-12
Headlamps on Reminder ................................3-13
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) .......................3-14
Automatic Headlamp System ..........................3-14
Fog Lamps ..................................................3-15
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-16
Instrument Panel Brightness ...........................3-16
Theater Dimming ..........................................3-17
Exit Lighting .................................................3-17
Perimeter Lighting .........................................3-17
Map Lamps .................................................3-17
Battery Run-Down Protection ..........................3-17
Center Console Switchbank ............................3-18
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-18
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................3-19
Climate Controls ............................................3-20
Climate Control System .................................3-20
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-22
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............3-23
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-24
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-25
Trip Odometer ..............................................3-25
Tachometer .................................................3-26
Engine Speed Limiter ....................................3-26
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-26
Airbag Readiness Light ..................................3-27
Airbag Off Light ............................................3-28
Charging System Light ..................................3-29
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-30
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-31
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning
Light (Automatic Transmission) ....................3-31
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ...................3-32
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-32
Oil Pressure Gage ........................................3-36
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Change Engine Oil Light ................................3-37
Security Light ...............................................3-37
Cruise Control Light ......................................3-37
Reduced Engine Power Light .........................3-38
Highbeam On Light .......................................3-38
Check Gages Warning Light ...........................3-38
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-39
Auxiliary Gage Package .................................3-40
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-42
DIC Controls and Displays .............................3-42
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-45
DIC Vehicle Personalization ............................3-52
3-2
Audio System(s) .............................................3-58
Setting the Time ...........................................3-59
Radio with CD ..............................................3-59
Radio with Six-Disc CD .................................3-71
Theft-Deterrent Feature ..................................3-82
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .......................3-82
Radio Reception ...........................................3-83
Care of Your CDs .........................................3-83
Care of Your CD Player ................................3-83
Integrated Windshield Antenna ........................3-83
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
Vehicle with Automatic Transmission Shown, Manual Transmission Similar
3-4
A. Climate Control Vents. See Climate Control System
on page 3-20.
B. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-24.
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-6.
D. Exterior and Interior Lamps Control. See Exterior
Lamps on page 3-12 and Interior Lamps on
page 3-16.
E. Driver Information Center (DIC) buttons. See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 3-42.
F. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 3-82.
G. Storage Tray. See Instrument Panel Storage Area
on page 2-35.
H. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 3-58.
I. Climate Control System. See Climate Control
System on page 3-20.
J. Transmission Shift Lever. See Automatic
Transmission Operation on page 2-19 or Manual
Transmission Operation on page 2-21.
K. Cupholder. See Cupholder(s) on page 2-35.
L. Glovebox. See Glove Box on page 2-35.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
on top of the steering
column.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key is not in the
ignition.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals will not work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
3-5
Horn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
To sound the horn, press the horn symbol on the
steering wheel pad.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel before
you drive. You can raise it to the highest level to allow
more room for the driver to enter and exit the vehicle.
The tilt lever is located on
the driver’s side of the
steering column, under the
turn signal lever.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• G Turn and Lane Change Signals. Turn and
Lane-Change Signals on page 3-7.
• 3 Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer. Headlamp
High/Low-Beam Changer on page 3-8.
• Flash-to-Pass Feature. See Flash-to-Pass on
page 3-8.
• N Windshield Wipers. See Windshield Wipers on
To tilt, hold the steering wheel and pull the tilt lever
toward you. Move the wheel to a comfortable level, then
release the tilt lever to lock the wheel in place.
3-6
page 3-8.
• L Windshield Washer. See Windshield Washer
on page 3-9.
• I Cruise Control. Cruise Control on page 3-9.
For information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior
Lamps on page 3-12 later in this section.
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
An arrow on the
instrument panel
cluster will flash
in the direction
of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
flash more quickly than normal, a signal bulb may
be burned out and other drivers won’t see your turn
signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuse and for burned out bulbs.
See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-84.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the
turn signal and a message will display on the DIC.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-45
for additional information. To turn off the chime, move
the turn signal lever to the off position.
3-7
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low to high beam,
push the lever toward the instrument panel. To return
to low-beam headlamps, pull the multifunction lever
toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams are
on, this indicator light on
the instrument panel
cluster will also be on.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are in the automatic
position.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you, then
release it.
If your headlamps are in the automatic position or on
low beam, your high-beam headlamps will turn on.
They’ll stay on as long as you hold the lever toward you.
3-8
The high-beam indicator on the instrument panel cluster
will come on. Release the lever to return to normal
operation.
Windshield Wipers
N (Windshield Wipers): To use the windshield
wipers, turn the band with the wiper symbol on it.
8(Mist):
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to
mist. Hold it there until the wipers start. Then let go.
The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want
more wipes, hold the band on mist longer.
Delayed Wipers: You can set the wiper speed for a long
or short delay between wipes. This can be very useful in
light rain or snow. Turn the band to one of the dashed
marks on the lever to choose the delay time. The closer
to the top of the lever, the shorter the delay.
6 (Low Speed):
For steady wiping at low speed,
turn the band away from you to the first solid band past
the delay settings.
1 (High Speed): For high-speed wiping, turn the
band further, to the second solid band past the
delay settings.
9(Off):
Turn the band to this symbol to turn off your
windshield wipers.
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
LQ (Windshield Washer): To spray washer fluid on
the windshield, press the paddle. The wipers will clear
the window and then either stop or return to your preset
speed.
Cruise Control
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long
trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
3-9
Setting Cruise Control
Your cruise control is
located at the end of your
turn signal/multifunction
lever.
9 (Off):
This position turns the cruise control system
off and cancels memory of a set speed.
1. Move the cruise control switch to on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press in the set button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal. The
accelerator pedal will not go down.
R (On):
Move the switch to this position to turn the
cruise control system on.
S (Resume/Accelerate):
Move the switch to this
position to resume a set speed or to accelerate.
T (Set):
Press this button, located at the end of the
lever, to set a speed.
3-10
The cruise light on the
instrument panel cluster
will illuminate when
the cruise control is
engaged.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then apply your brakes or the clutch, if equipped.
This, of course, shuts off the cruise control. But you do
not need to reset it.
Once you are going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch briefly from on to
resume/accelerate.
You will go right back up to your chosen speed and stay
there.
If you hold the switch at resume/accelerate, the vehicle
will keep going faster until you release the switch or
apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster, do not
hold the switch at resume/accelerate.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You will now cruise at the higher speed.
• Move the cruise switch from on to resume/
accelerate. Hold it there until you get up to the
speed you want, and then release the switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts,
move the switch briefly to resume/accelerate.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed:
• Press and hold the button at the end of the lever
until you reach the lower speed you want, then
release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
and release the set button. Each time you do this,
you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
3-11
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Exterior Lamps
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to
keep your speed down. Of course, applying your brakes
or the clutch, if equipped, takes you out of cruise control.
Many drivers find this to be too much trouble and do not
use cruise control on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to turn off the cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal or clutch,
if equipped.
• Move the cruise switch to off, or
• Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N).
Erasing Speed Memory
O(Exterior and Interior Lamps Controls): These
controls (B) are located to the left of the steering wheel
and are used to operate the exterior and interior
lamps.
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
D (Interior Lamps Control):
3-12
The interior lamp
control (A) is used to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel lights. For more information on interior
lamps, see Interior Lamps on page 3-16.
The exterior lamps control operates the following
systems:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Headlamps
Taillamps
Parking Lamps
License Lamps
; (Parking Lamps):
Turning the exterior lamps
control to this position turns on the parking lamps,
license plate lamps, the sidemarker lamps and the
instrument panel lights.
2(Headlamps): Turning the exterior lamps control
to this position turns on the headlamps, together with the
previously listed lamps and lights.
Sidemarker Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Headlamps on Reminder
Interior Courtesy Lamps
A reminder tone will sound when your headlamps or
parking lamps are manually turned on, the driver’s door
is open and your ignition is in OFF or ACCESSORY.
To turn the tone off, turn the knob all the way
counterclockwise. In the automatic mode, the headlamps
turn off once the ignition key is in OFF.
O (Fog Lamp Indicator Light):
This light illuminates
when the fog lamps are turned on. See Fog Lamps
on page 3-15 for more information.
AUTO (Automatic Headlamp System): Turning the
exterior lamps control to this position activates the
automatic headlamp system. See Automatic Headlamp
System on page 3-14 for more information.
3-13
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
When it begins to get dark, the headlamps will
automatically switch from DRL to the regular headlamps.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, put your
automatic transmission in PARK (P). The DRL will
stay off until you shift out of PARK (P). If you have a
manual transmission, set the parking brake when
the ignition is off and then start your vehicle. The DRL
will stay off until you release the parking brake.
The DRL system will make your headlamps come
on at reduced brightness when the following conditions
are met:
Automatic Headlamp System
•
•
•
•
The ignition is on,
the exterior lamps knob is in AUTO,
the light sensor detects daytime light, and
the automatic transmission is not in PARK (P)
or the parking brake is not set on a manual
transmission.
When the DRL are on, only your headlamps will be on.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be
on. The instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
3-14
When it is dark enough outside, your automatic
headlamp system will turn on your headlamps at the
normal brightness along with other lamps such as
the taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps and the
instrument panel lights when the exterior lamps knob is
turned to AUTO. See Exterior Lamps on page 3-12
for more information. The radio lights will also be on.
Your vehicle is equipped with a light sensor on the top
of the instrument panel. Be sure it is not covered or
the system will be on whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also turn on your lights when driving
through a parking garage, heavy overcast weather
or a tunnel. This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the daytime
and nighttime operation of the Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp systems so
that driving under bridges or bright overhead street
lights does not affect the system. The DRL and
automatic headlamp system will only be affected when
the light sensor sees a change in lighting lasting
longer than the delay. See Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) on page 3-14 for more information.
To idle your vehicle with the automatic headlamp
system off, set the parking brake while the ignition is
off. Then start your vehicle. The automatic headlamp
system will stay off until you release the parking brake,
or until you shift out of PARK (P).
You may be able to turn off your automatic headlamp
system. See Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) on
page 3-14 for more information.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic
headlamp system will come on immediately. Once you
leave the garage, it will take approximately one minute
for the automatic headlamp system to change to
DRL if it is light outside. During that delay, your
instrument panel cluster may not be as bright as usual.
Make sure your instrument panel brightness control is in
the full bright position. See Instrument Panel Brightness
on page 3-16 for more information.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Fog Lamps
Use your fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty
conditions. Your ignition must be in RUN for your
fog lamps to work.
-(Fog Lamps):
Press this button located on the
exterior lamps control to turn the fog lamps on or off.
The fog lamps will go off whenever you turn on the
high-beam headlamps. When the high beams are turned
off, the fog lamps will come on again.
O (Fog Lamp Indicator Light):
This light located on
the exterior lamps control illuminates when the fog
lamps are turned on.
3-15
Interior Lamps
D (Interior Lamp Control):
The interior lamp
control (A) is located to the left of the steering wheel
and is used to adjust the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
Instrument Panel Brightness
To adjust the brightness of the instrument panel lights,
press lightly on the interior lamp control and release.
The control will extend outward. Turn the control
counterclockwise to brighten and clockwise to dim the
instrument panel lights. Press on the control to return it
to the stored position.
Parade Dimming
O(Exterior and Interior Lamp Controls): These
controls (B) are used to operate the exterior and interior
lamps. Information on the interior lamps follows. For
more information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior
Lamps on page 3-12.
3-16
This feature prohibits the dimming of your instrument
panel displays during daylight while your headlamps are
on. When the light sensor reads darkness outside,
you will be able to dim your instrument panel displays
once again.
Theater Dimming
Map Lamps
This feature allows for a three to five-second fade out
of the courtesy lamps instead of immediate turn off.
With the exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on
when you remove the key from the ignition to help you
see while exiting the vehicle.
If your vehicle has front map lamps, they are located on
the inside rearview mirror. They will automatically come
on for approximately 40 seconds when the doors are
unlocked with the remote keyless entry transmitter or
until the ignition key is turned to RUN or ACCESSORY.
The lamps will also stay on for approximately 40 seconds
after you exit the vehicle unless you lock the doors with
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Perimeter Lighting
You can also turn the lamps on and off by pressing the
button near each lamp.
Exit Lighting
When the button with the unlock symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the DRL, parking
lamps and back-up lamps will come on if it is dark
enough outside.
This feature can be personalized for up to two drivers.
See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-52 for
more information.
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature shuts off all lamps that are left on for
more than 10 minutes when the ignition is off. This
will keep your battery from running down.
3-17
Center Console Switchbank
The following controls are located on your center
console switchbank:
C. Convertible Top. See Convertible Top on page 2-51.
D. Power Door Locks. See Power Door Locks on
page 2-10.
E. Passenger Power Window. See Power Windows on
page 2-12.
Accessory Power Outlets
With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
CB radio.
There is an accessory power outlet located on either
side of the ashtray on the instrument panel, and there
is an outlet in the rear cargo area. A small cap must
be removed to access an accessory power outlet.
When not using an outlet be sure to cover it with the
protective cap.
Automatic Transmission shown,
Manual Transmission similar
A. Driver Power Window. See Power Windows on
page 2-12.
B. Traction Control System (TCS) (Automatic
Transmission Only). See Traction Control System
(TCS) (Automatic Transmission) on page 4-8.
3-18
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience
a problem, see your dealer for additional information on
accessory power outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow
the proper installation instructions included with
the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Your vehicle has an ashtray and cigarette lighter.
To access, push the upper edge of the center instrument
panel door until it clicks and then release. The door
will open to expose the ashtray and cigarette lighter.
Press the lighter all the way in and release it. It will
pop back out by itself once the element has heated
for use.
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items
in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
ashtray.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold
a cigarette lighter in while it is heating. Do not use
anything other than the cigarette lighter in the
heating element.
3-19
Climate Controls
Climate Control System
#(Air Conditioning): Press this button located on the
temperature knob to turn the air-conditioning system on
or off. An indicator light on the button will come on to let
you know the air conditioning is activated. When the
system is on, this setting cools and dehumidifies the air
entering your vehicle and directs it through the floor ducts
as well as the instrument panel outlets.
The air conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
A. Temperature Knob
B. Fan Knob
C. Mode Knob
The air conditioning will not function if the fan is
turned off.
Fan Knob
With this system you can control the heating, cooling,
and ventilation for your vehicle.
The center knob on the control panel is used to
control the fan speed. Turn the knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
Temperature Knob
? (Recirculation): This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or help
heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
The left knob on the control panel is used to adjust the
temperature of the air in the vehicle. Turn the knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease
the temperature.
3-20
Press this button on the fan knob to turn the recirculation
mode on or off. An indicator light on the button will
come on to let you know the recirculation mode
is activated.
Recirculation is only available in the bi-level and vent
modes. If you push the recirculation button while
the system is in any other mode, the light on the button
will flash to indicate that recirculation is not available.
Mode Knob
The right knob on the control panel is used to direct the
airflow inside your vehicle. Turn the knob to select
one of the following modes:
H (Vent):
Select this mode to direct air to the
instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level):
Select this mode to direct approximately
half of the air to the instrument panel outlets, and the
remaining air to the floor outlets and the defroster
and side window outlets. Cooler air is directed to the
upper outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor):
Select this mode to direct air to the floor
outlets. Recirculation does not work in this mode.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high
humidity (moisture) condensing on the cool window
glass. This can be minimized if the climate control
system is used properly. There are two modes to clear
fog or frost from your windshield and side windows.
Use the defog mode to clear the windows of fog
or moisture and warm the passengers. Use the defrost
mode to remove fog or frost from the windshield
more quickly. For best results, clear all snow and
ice from the windshield before defrosting.
/ (Floor/Defog): This mode directs half of the air
to the windshield and the side window outlets and the
other half to the floor outlets. When you select this
mode, the system runs the air-conditioning compressor
unless the outside temperature is at or below freezing.
Recirculation is not available in this mode.
0 (Defrost):
This mode directs most of the air to the
windshield, with some air directed to the side window
outlets and the floor outlets. When you select this
mode, the system runs the air-conditioning compressor
unless the outside temperature is at or below freezing.
Recirculation is not available in this mode.
3-21
1 (Maximum Defrost):
This mode directs most of
the air to the windshield, with some air directed to
the side window outlets and the floor outlets. The rear
window defogger and heated outside mirrors will turn on,
and the fan speed will be at the highest setting (5).
The temperature will be at the hottest setting also.
Recirculation is not available in this mode.
If this mode was selected when you turn your vehicle
off, the warmest temperature and highest fan speed will
be restored when the vehicle is started, regardless of
the temperature and fan setting.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is on.
= (Rear):
Press this button on the right knob to turn
the rear window defogger on or off. An indicator light
on the button will come on to let you know that the rear
window defogger is activated.
3-22
When the rear defogger button is pressed, the outside
heated mirrors will warm to help clear any fog or
frost from the surface of the mirrors.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside rear window may damage the rear
window defogger. Repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not clear the inside of the rear
window with sharp objects.
Outlet Adjustment
Use the levers located in the center of each outlet to
change the direction of the airflow.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention
to your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine
just to let you know they’re working. If you are familiar
with this section, you should not be alarmed when
this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Please follow this
manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly,
and even dangerous. So please get to know your
warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center (DIC)
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-42 for
more information.
3-23
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, about how much fuel you’ve used, and many other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States Automatic Transmission shown, Canada and Manual Transmission similar
3-24
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has
been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.
The odometer shows how far your vehicle has been
driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
Your trip odometer is part of your Driver Information
Center (DIC). The trip information button toggles
to display your trip odometer, Trip A, and Trip B
functions. See “Trip Odometer” under DIC Controls
and Displays on page 3-42 for more information.
The odometer mileage can be checked without the
vehicle running. Turn the ignition to RUN and press the
trip information button located on the steering wheel.
See DIC Controls and Displays on page 3-42 for more
information.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must
be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero, and a label must
be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
3-25
Tachometer
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not
be covered by your warranty. Do not operate
the engine with the tachometer in the shaded
warning area.
When the key is turned to run or start, a chime will
be provided for several seconds to remind people to
buckle their safety belts. The driver safety belt light will
also be provided and stay on for several seconds,
then it will flash for several more. You should buckle
your seat belt.
The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Engine Speed Limiter
This chime and light will
be repeated if the driver
remains unbuckled and
the vehicle is in motion.
Fuel will shut off at about 6500 rpm. It will turn back
on again once the vehicle rpm drops below 6500.
If the driver’s belt is buckled, neither the chime nor the
light will be provided.
3-26
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument
panel cluster, which shows the airbag symbol. The
system checks the airbag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. The system check includes the airbag
sensors, the airbag modules, the wiring and the crash
sensing and diagnostic module. For more information
on the airbag system, see Airbag System on page 1-38.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should go
out. This means the
system is ready.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your airbag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the airbag system
may not be working properly. The airbags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the airbag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-27
Airbag Off Light
When you turn the passenger’s frontal airbag off, the
airbag off light, located on the roof panel above the
rearview mirror, will come on and stay on to remind you
that the airbag has been turned off. This light will go
off when you turn the passenger’s frontal airbag back on
again. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-47 for more
on this, including important safety information.
Canada
{CAUTION:
United States
3-28
If the passenger’s frontal airbag is turned
off for a person who is not in a risk group
identified by the national government, that
person will not have the extra protection of a
frontal airbag. In a crash, the airbag would not
be able to inflate and help protect the person
sitting there. Do not turn off the passenger’s
frontal airbag unless the person sitting there
is in a risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on
page 1-47 for more on this, including important
safety information.
Charging System Light
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light ever comes on
when you have turned off the passenger’s
frontal airbag, it means that something may be
wrong with the airbag system. The passenger’s
frontal airbag could inflate even though the
switch is off. If this ever happens, do not let
anyone whom the national government has
identified as a member of a passenger airbag
risk group sit in the passenger’s position
(for example, do not secure a rear-facing
child restraint in your vehicle) until you have
your vehicle serviced. See Airbag Off Switch
on page 1-47.
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition,
but the engine is not
running, as a check to
show you it is working.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have
a problem with the charging system. It could indicate
that you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right
away. Driving while this light is on could drain your
battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the
radio and air conditioner.
3-29
Brake System Warning Light
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. See
Parking Brake on page 2-23 for more information. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though,
you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a
problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal
is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to
the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still
on, have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-34.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning
light on can lead to an accident. If the light
is still on after you have pulled off the road
and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed
for service.
United States
3-30
Canada
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and may stay on for
several seconds. That’s
normal.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake
system warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but
you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake
system warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock
brakes and there’s a problem with your regular
brakes. See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-30.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light (Automatic
Transmission)
If the TC (traction control)
warning light comes on
and stays on, there may
be a problem with the
traction control system.
The TC (traction control) warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition to ON. If it doesn’t
come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
you if there is a problem.
If the Traction Control System (TCS) is on and you drive
faster than 100 mph (161 km/h), the system will turn
off and the TC warning light will come on. The TCS will
turn back on and the TC warning light will go out
once the vehicle speed falls below 90 mph (145 km/h).
3-31
If the TC (traction control) warning light stays on or
comes on while you are driving, pull off the road as
soon as possible and stop carefully. Try resetting
the system by turning the ignition off then back on. If
the light still stays on or comes back on again while you
are driving, your vehicle needs service. Have the
traction control system inspected as soon as possible.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If
you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-28 for more
information.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition, and emission
control systems.
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
If the gage pointer is near 260 °F (125 °C), the engine
is too hot.
3-32
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The check engine light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light on, after awhile, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be
as good, and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of
your vehicle or the replacement of the original tires
with other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
3-33
If the Light is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-8. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so, stop
the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle. Turn
the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light Is
On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service as soon
as possible.
3-34
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix
any mechanical or electrical problems that may
have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help your
vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the check
engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
3-35
Oil Pressure Gage
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
United States
Canada
The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure
in psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine
is running. Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in
kPa (kilopascals).
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this manual for changing
engine oil.
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused
by a low oil level or other oil-related problems. See your
dealer for service immediately.
3-36
Change Engine Oil Light
This light is displayed
when the engine oil
needs to be changed.
If the light flashes, the Passlock® system has entered a
tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see Passlock®
on page 2-15.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock®
system. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock®,
and you should see your dealer.
Also, see Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-13 for
additional information regarding the security light.
Once the engine oil has been changed, the light must
be reset. Until it is reset, the light will be displayed when
the engine is on. For more information on resetting
the system, see Engine Oil Life System on page 5-16.
See also Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever you set your
cruise control.
Security Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the key to START.
The light will stay on
until the engine starts.
The light will go out when the cruise control is
turned off. See Cruise Control on page 3-9 for
more information.
3-37
Reduced Engine Power Light
This light is displayed
when a noticeable
reduction in the vehicle’s
performance may occur.
The vehicle may be driven at a reduced speed when
the reduced engine power light is on but acceleration
and speed may be reduced. The performance may
be reduced until the next time you drive your vehicle.
If this light stays on, see your dealer as soon as possible
for diagnosis and repair.
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on
whenever the high-beam
headlamps are on.
Check Gages Warning Light
The Check Gages light will
come on briefly when you
are starting the engine.
This light may also come on if there is a problem with
the Throttle Actuator Control (TAC) system. If this
happens, take the vehicle in for service as soon as
possible.
If the light comes on and stays on while you are
driving, check your coolant temperature and engine oil
pressure gages to see if they are in the warning
zones. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
page 3-32 and Oil Pressure Gage on page 3-36.
3-38
When the fuel level is low in your vehicle, the check
gages light will come on and a chime will sound. You
will also see a FUEL LEVEL LOW message on the DIC.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-45 for
more information.
under DIC Controls and Displays on page 3-42, and
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-45 for
more information.
Here are four things that some owners ask about. None
of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
• At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before
Fuel Gage
the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took
a little more or less than half the tank’s capacity
to fill the tank.
• The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
• The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
United States
Canada
When the ignition is on, the fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have remaining.
A chime will sound and the check gages warning
light will come on when your fuel level is low. FUEL
LEVEL LOW will appear on the DIC display. See Check
Gages Warning Light on page 3-38, “Fuel Range”
3-39
Auxiliary Gage Package
Voltmeter Gage
This gage (A) is located
on the left side of the
gage package.
A. Voltmeter Gage
B. Delivered Torque Gage
C. Outside Temperature Gage
Your vehicle may have an auxiliary gage package
located at the front of the center console.
3-40
When your engine is not running, but the ignition is in
RUN, this gage shows your battery’s state of charge in
DC volts.
When the ignition is on and the engine is running, the
gage shows the condition of the charging system.
Readings between the low and high warning zones
indicate the normal operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a
large number of electrical accessories are operating in
the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an
extended period. This condition is normal since the
charging system is not able to provide full power
at engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this
condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds
allow the charging system to create maximum power.
You can only drive for a short time with the reading in
either warning zone. If you must drive while the gage is
in the warning zone, turn off all unnecessary
accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible
problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon as possible.
Outside Temperature Gage
This gage (C) is located on
the right side of the gage
package.
Delivered Torque Gage
This gage (B) is located in
the center of the gage
package.
This gage displays the outside temperature.
This gage displays the delivered torque for the vehicle.
3-41
Driver Information Center (DIC)
DIC Controls and Displays
The Driver Information Center (DIC) gives you the
status of many of your vehicle’s systems. It is also used
to display driver personalization features and warning/
status messages. The DIC display is located on
the instrument panel cluster. The DIC buttons are
located on the steering wheel.
The DIC has different modes which can be accessed by
pressing the four buttons located on the steering wheel.
The button functions are listed in the following pages.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a short
delay the DIC will display the current driver and the
information that was last displayed before the engine
was turned off.
If a problem is detected, a warning message will appear
on the display. Be sure to take any message that
appears on the display seriously and remember that
clearing the message will only make the message
disappear, not correct the problem.
3-42
A.
3 (Trip Information): Press this button to
display the odometer, trip odometer, and the timer.
B.
r (Fuel Information): Press this button to
display the current fuel and engine oil information.
C.
D.
q (Personalization): Press this button to access
the vehicle personalization menu and customize
the personalization settings on your vehicle.
Each trip odometer can be reset to zero separately by
pressing and holding the select button while the desired
trip odometer is displayed.
r (Select): Press this button to reset certain DIC
Timer
functions, acknowledge DIC warning messages
and clear them from the DIC, and set your
personalization settings.
The DIC can be used as a stopwatch. Press the trip
information button until TIMER is displayed. Press the
select button to start the timer. The display will show
the amount of time that has passed since the timer was
last reset (not including time the ignition is off). Time
will continue to be counted as long as the ignition is on,
even if another display is being shown on the DIC.
The timer will record up to 99 hours, 59 minutes and
59 seconds (99:59:59) after which the display will
roll back to zero.
Trip Information
3 (Trip Information):
Press this button to scroll
through the odometer, TRIP A, TRIP B, and TIMER.
Odometer
Press the trip information button until the odometer
appears on the display. This shows the total distance
the vehicle has been driven in either miles or kilometers.
Trip Odometer
Press the trip information button until TRIP A or TRIP B
is displayed. This shows the current distance traveled
since the last reset for each trip odometer in either miles
or kilometers. Both odometers can be used at the
same time.
To stop the counting of time, press the select button
briefly while TIMER is displayed.
To reset the timer to zero, press and hold the select
button while TIMER is displayed until the timer returns
to zero.
Fuel Information
r (Fuel Information):
Press this button to scroll
through the range, average fuel economy, instant fuel
economy and engine oil life.
3-43
Fuel Range
Instant Fuel Economy
Press the fuel information button until RANGE appears
to display the remaining distance you can drive
without refueling. It is based on fuel economy and the
fuel remaining in the tank. The display will show
FUEL LEVEL LOW and a chime will sound if the fuel
level is low. The check gages warning light on the
instrument panel cluster will also be illuminated. See
Check Gages Warning Light on page 3-38 for more
information.
Press the fuel information button until INST. ECON
appears in the display. Instant fuel economy is
how many miles per gallon your vehicle is at the
particular moment in time. The instant fuel economy
cannot be reset.
The fuel economy data used to determine fuel range
is an average of recent driving conditions. As your
driving conditions change, this data is gradually updated.
Fuel range cannot be reset.
Average Fuel Economy
Press the fuel information button until AVG. ECON
appears in the display. Average fuel economy is how
many miles per gallon your vehicle is getting based on
current and past driving conditions.
Press and hold the select button while AVG. ECON is
displayed to reset the average fuel economy. Average
fuel economy will then be calculated starting from
that point. If the average fuel economy is not reset, it
will be continually updated each time you drive.
3-44
Engine Oil Life
Press the fuel information button until ENGINE OIL LIFE
appears in the display. The engine oil life system
shows an estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life.
It will show 100% when the system is reset after an
oil change. It will alert you to change your oil on
a schedule consistent with your driving conditions.
Always reset the engine oil life after an oil change.
To reset the engine oil life system, press and hold the
select button while ENGINE OIL LIFE is displayed.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 5-16 for more
information.
The engine oil life reading in the DIC does not replace
the need to maintain your vehicle as recommended
in the Maintenance Schedule in this manual. See
Engine Oil on page 5-13, Change Engine Oil Light on
page 3-37, and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
Personalization
q (Personalization): Press this button to access
the vehicle personalization menu and customize
the personalization settings on your vehicle. See DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-52 for more
information.
Select
r (Select): Press this button to reset certain
DIC functions, acknowledge DIC warning messages and
clear them from the DIC, and set your personalization
settings.
DIC Warnings and Messages
Messages are displayed on the DIC to notify the driver
that the status of the vehicle has changed and that
some action may be needed by the driver to correct the
condition. Multiple messages may appear one after
another. Some messages may not require immediate
action but you should press the select button to
acknowledge that you received the message and
clear it from the display. Some messages cannot be
cleared from the display because they are more urgent.
These messages require action before they can be
removed from the DIC display. The following are
the possible messages that can be displayed and some
information about them.
Battery Not Charging
If the battery is not charging during operation, this
message will appear on the DIC. The charging system
light may also be displayed on the instrument panel
cluster. See Charging System Light on page 3-29
for more information. Driving your vehicle when
the battery is not charging properly can drain the
battery. Have the electrical system checked by your
GM dealer as soon as possible. Press the select button
to acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display.
Battery Voltage Too High
This message will be displayed when the battery
voltage is higher than normal and you try to raise or
lower the convertible top. The charging system light may
also be displayed on the instrument panel cluster.
See Charging System Light on page 3-29 for more
information. Press the select button to acknowledge the
message and clear it from the DIC display.
3-45
Battery Voltage Too Low
Check Oil Level
This message will be displayed when the battery
voltage is lower than normal and you try to raise or
lower the convertible top. The charging system light
may also be displayed on the instrument panel cluster.
See Charging System Light on page 3-29 for more
information. Press the select button to acknowledge the
message and clear it from the DIC display.
If the oil level in the vehicle is low, this message will
appear on the DIC. Check the oil level and add oil
as necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for more
information. Press the select button to acknowledge this
message and clear it from the DIC display.
Cargo Cover Ajar
This message will be displayed on the DIC when you
try to raise or lower the convertible top without first
pressing the brake pedal. The brake pedal must
be pressed in order to operate the convertible top.
See Convertible Top on page 2-51 for more information.
Pressing the brake pedal will clear the message, or
you can press the select button to acknowledge
and clear the message from the DIC display.
This message will be displayed when trying to open
or close the convertible top while the cargo cover
is open. Make sure the cargo cover is fully closed
before trying to open or close the convertible top.
This message will clear itself from the DIC once the
cargo cover is closed.
Change Trans (Transmission) Fluid
(Automatic Transmission Only)
If your transmission fluid in your vehicle needs to
be changed, this message will appear on the DIC.
See Automatic Transmission Fluid on page 5-21 and
Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4 for more
information.
3-46
Depress Brake
Driver Door Ajar
This message will be displayed on the DIC and a
chime will sound when the driver’s door is not closed
completely. Stop the vehicle, check the door for
obstacles, and close the door again. Fully closing the
driver’s door will clear this message from the display,
or you can press the select button to acknowledge
the message and clear it from the DIC display.
Engine Coolant Hot Idle Engine
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty.
If the cooling system temperature becomes too hot,
this message will appear in the DIC and you will hear
a chime. Stop the vehicle and let the engine idle in
PARK (P) to allow the coolant to reach a safe
temperature. You may need to add more coolant to your
vehicle before driving again. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-26 and Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
on page 3-32 for more information. This message will
clear from the DIC display when the coolant temperature
drops to a safe operating temperature.
Engine Overheated Stop Engine
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty.
If your engine is overheated, this message will be
displayed on the DIC. Stop the vehicle as soon as
possible and do not drive it until the engine cools down.
You may need to add more coolant to your vehicle
before driving again. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-28 and Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
page 3-32 for more information. This message will clear
from the DIC display when the coolant temperature
drops to a safe operating temperature.
Flip Hall Switch Fault
This message will be displayed on the DIC when trying
to raise or lower the convertible top and there is a
fault with this switch. If the message persists, see your
GM dealer for service.
Fuel Level Low
If the fuel level is low in the vehicle’s gas tank, this
message will appear on the DIC and you will hear a
chime. You will also see the check gages warning light
on the instrument panel cluster. See Check Gages
Warning Light on page 3-38 for more information. Refuel
as soon as possible. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-8
and Fuel Gage on page 3-39 for more information.
Press the select button to acknowledge and clear the
message from the display.
3-47
Hdr (Header) Latch Switch Fault
This message will be displayed on the DIC when trying
to raise or lower the convertible top and there is a
fault with this switch. If the message persists, see your
GM dealer for service.
Manually Open Tonneau
This message will be displayed on the DIC when
trying to raise or lower the convertible top while the
convertible top and roof tonneau are where the system
cannot verify their position. The roof system may
need to be restored manually to a stable position by
fully opening the roof tonneau and boot cover panel.
See Convertible Top on page 2-51 for more information.
Oil Pressure Low Stop Engine
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
If the oil pressure is low in your vehicle, this message
will be displayed on the DIC. Stop the vehicle as
soon as possible and do not drive it until the cause of
the low oil pressure has been corrected. Check your oil
as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced
by your GM dealer. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 and Oil
Pressure Gage on page 3-36 for more information.
3-48
Passenger Door Ajar
Roof Ajar
If the passenger’s door is not fully closed, this message
will appear on the display and you will hear a chime.
Stop the vehicle, check the door for obstacles, and close
the door again. Fully closing the passenger’s door will
clear this message from the display, or you can
press the select button to acknowledge the message
and clear it from the DIC display.
This message will be displayed on the DIC when trying
to release the cargo cover and the convertible top is
not fully open or closed. Make sure your convertible
top is in the full-closed or full-open position before trying
to release your cargo cover. See Convertible Top on
page 2-51 and Cargo Cover on page 2-36 for more
information. This message will clear once the convertible
top is open or closed, or you can press the select
button to acknowledge the message and clear it from
the DIC display.
Reduce Speed
This message will be displayed on the DIC when trying
to raise or lower the convertible top while the vehicle
is in motion. Stop the vehicle and continue pressing the
brake pedal before trying to raise or lower the top
again. See Convertible Top on page 2-51 for more
information. The message will clear from the display
once the vehicle is stopped, or you can press the select
button to acknowledge this message and clear it from
the DIC display.
Rfa X Battery Low
If a remote keyless entry transmitter battery is low, this
message will appear on the DIC. The battery needs
to be replaced in the transmitter. Press the select button
to acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display. See “Battery Replacement” under Remote
Keyless Entry System Operation on page 2-6 for
battery replacement instructions.
If this message repeatedly occurs while not trying to
release the cargo cover, see your GM dealer for service.
Roof Cycle Timeout
This message will be displayed on the DIC when the
convertible top has not completed its movement
from one position to another within the programmed
time limit. When this message appears, the convertible
top will stop moving. Release the convertible top
switch and make sure there is nothing blocking the
path of the top. If the path is clear, press the convertible
top switch again. See Convertible Top on page 2-51
for more information.
3-49
When operating the top in low temperatures, such as
below 32°F (0°C), the time needed to cycle the top will
increase. This may cause the top movement to stop
and the Roof Cycle Timeout message to appear on
the DIC display. If this occurs, you may release
the convertible top switch and press it again to continue
the cycle. Make sure nothing is blocking the path of
the top before pressing the switch again. It may
be necessary to do this several times to complete the
cycle, depending on the outside temperature. See
Convertible Top on page 2-51 for more information.
Notice: If you operate the convertible top switch
continuously while the ignition is in ACCESSORY,
the battery will drain and you might not be able
to start your vehicle. Do not use the convertible
top switch for extended periods of time when
the ignition is in ACCESSORY.
Roof Hall Switch Fault
This message will be displayed on the DIC when trying
to raise or lower the convertible top and there is a
fault with this switch. If the message persists, see your
GM dealer for service.
3-50
Service Air Bag
If there is a problem with the airbag system, this
message will be displayed on the DIC. The airbag
readiness light may also be displayed on the instrument
panel cluster. See your GM dealer for service. Press
the select button to acknowledge this message and clear
it from the display. See Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 1-51 and Airbag Readiness Light on
page 3-27 for more information.
Service Brake System
If a problem occurs with the brake system, this message
will appear on the DIC. The brake system warning
light and the anti-lock brake system warning light may
also be displayed on the instrument panel cluster.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-30 and
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 3-31 for
more information. If this message appears, stop as
soon as possible and turn off the vehicle. Restart the
vehicle and check for the message on the DIC display.
If the message is still displayed, or appears again
when you begin driving, the brake system needs service.
See your GM dealer. See Brakes on page 5-35 for
more information. Press the select button to
acknowledge this message and clear it from the display.
Stop Vehicle
This message will be displayed when attempting to
release the cargo cover while the vehicle is in motion.
The vehicle must be stopped to release the cargo cover.
See Cargo Cover on page 2-36 for more information.
Tlat (Tonneau Latch) Hall Switch Fault
This message will be displayed when trying to raise
or lower the convertible top and there is a problem with
this switch. If the message persists, see your
GM dealer for service.
Tonn (Tonneau) Hall Switch Fault
This message will be displayed when trying to raise or
lower the convertible top and there is a fault with
this switch. If the message persists, see your GM dealer
for service.
Tonn (Tonneau) Latd (Latched)
Switch Fault
Traction Active
(Automatic Transmission Only)
This message, along with the light on the Traction
Control System (TCS) warning light on the instrument
panel cluster, will be displayed when the TCS system is
active. Press the select button to acknowledge this
message and clear it from the DIC display. See Traction
Control System (TCS) (Automatic Transmission) on
page 4-8 and Traction Control System (TCS) Warning
Light (Automatic Transmission) on page 3-31 for
more information.
Trans (Transmission) Hot Idle
(Automatic Transmission Only)
If the transmission fluid in the vehicle becomes too hot,
this message will appear on the DIC. Stop the vehicle
and let it idle to allow the transmission fluid to cool. This
message will clear when the fluid temperature reaches
a safe level. See Automatic Transmission Fluid on
page 5-21 for more information.
This message will be displayed when trying to raise
or lower the convertible top and there is a fault with this
switch. If the message persists, see your GM dealer
for service.
3-51
Turn Signal On
If a turn signal is left on for 3/4 mile (1.2 km), this
message will appear on the display and you will hear a
chime. Move the turn signal/multifunction lever to the
off position. Press the select button to acknowledge this
message and clear it from the display. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-6 for more
information.
Unknown Speed
This message will be displayed when trying to raise or
lower the convertible top and the roof controller
cannot communicate with the Powertrain Control
Module (PCM). See your GM dealer for service.
DIC Vehicle Personalization
Your vehicle has a personalization feature that allows
you to program certain features to a preferred setting
for up to two drivers. The number of programmable
features varies depending upon which model of
the vehicle you purchased. Once the features are
programmed, the saved settings are recalled by
pressing the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, 1 or 2, or by pressing the appropriate
memory button, 1 or 2, located on the outboard side of
the driver’s seat. See Memory Seat on page 2-59
for more information.
3-52
The following is a list of available programmable
options:
• AUTOMATIC LOCKING (Automatic
Transmission only)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AUTOMATIC UNLOCKING
REMOTE LOCK FEEDBACK
REMOTE UNLOCK FEEDBACK
HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT
PERIMETER LIGHTING
SEAT POSITION RECALL, if equipped
ALARM WARNING TYPE
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
DISPLAY UNITS – U.S./MET
q (Personalization): Press this button located on
the steering wheel to access the vehicle personalization
menu and customize the personalization settings on
your vehicle.
Automatic Locking
(Automatic Transmission only)
This feature allows you to choose how the vehicle’s
doors are locked on your automatic transmission vehicle.
Press the personalization button until AUTOMATIC
LOCKING appears in the display. To access the modes
for AUTOMATIC LOCKING, press the select button.
Once AUTOMATIC LOCKING is selected, press
the select button to scroll through the following modes:
Automatic Unlocking
This feature allows you to choose how the vehicle’s
doors are unlocked. Press the personalization button
until AUTOMATIC UNLOCKING appears in the display.
To access the modes for AUTOMATIC UNLOCKING,
press the select button. Once AUTOMATIC
UNLOCKING is selected, press the select button to
scroll through the following modes:
Mode 1: LOCK DOORS OUT OF PARK
Mode 1: UNLOCK ALL IN PARK (Automatic
Transmission only)
Mode 2: LOCK DOORS WITH SPEED
Mode 2: UNLOCK ALL AT KEY OUT
If you choose Mode 1, the doors will lock when
the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
Mode 3: UNLOCK DRIVER IN PARK
(Automatic Transmission only)
If you choose Mode 2, the doors will lock when
the vehicle speed is above 8 mph (13 km/h) for
three seconds.
Mode 4: UNLOCK DOORS MANUALLY
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
For more information on automatic door locks, see
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 2-10.
If you choose Mode 1, all of the doors will unlock when
the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
If you choose Mode 2, all of the doors will unlock when
the key is taken out of the ignition.
If you choose Mode 3, the driver’s door will be unlocked
when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
If you choose Mode 4, the doors will not be unlocked
automatically.
3-53
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
If you choose Mode 1, the parking lamps will flash each
time you press the lock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter and the horn will chirp the second time
you press the lock button.
For more information on automatic door locks, see
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 2-10.
If you choose Mode 2, there will be no feedback when
locking the vehicle.
Remote Lock Feedback
If you choose Mode 3, the horn will chirp the second
time you press the button with the lock symbol on
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
This feature allows you to choose whether or not the
horn chirps and the parking lamps flash when you lock
the vehicle with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Press the personalization button until REMOTE
LOCK FEEDBACK appears in the display. To access
the modes for REMOTE LOCK FEEDBACK, press
the select button. Once REMOTE LOCK FEEDBACK is
selected, press the select button to scroll through the
following modes:
If you choose Mode 4, the parking lamps will flash each
time you press the button with the lock symbol on
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
Mode 1: LOCK FEEDBACK: BOTH
Remote Unlock Feedback
Mode 2: LOCK FEEDBACK: OFF
This feature allows you to choose whether or not the
parking lamps flash and the horn chirps when you
unlock the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter. Press the personalization button until
REMOTE UNLOCK FEEDBACK appears in the display.
Mode 3: LOCK FEEDBACK: HORN
Mode 4: LOCK FEEDBACK: LAMPS
3-54
To access the modes for REMOTE UNLOCK
FEEDBACK, press the select button. Once REMOTE
UNLOCK FEEDBACK is selected, press the select
button to scroll through the following modes:
Mode 1: UNLOCK FEEDBACK: BOTH
Mode 2: UNLOCK FEEDBACK: OFF
Mode 3: UNLOCK FEEDBACK: HORN
Mode 4: UNLOCK FEEDBACK: LAMPS
If you choose Mode 1, the parking lamps will flash each
time you press the button with the unlock symbol on
the remote keyless entry transmitter. The horn will chirp
the second time you press the unlock button.
If you choose Mode 2, there will be no feedback when
unlocking the vehicle.
Headlamps on at Exit
This feature allows you to set the amount of time you
want the headlamps to remain on after you exit the
vehicle. Press the personalization button until
HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT appears in the display.
To access the modes for HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT,
press the select button. Once HEADLAMPS ON
AT EXIT is selected, press the select button to scroll
through the following modes:
Mode 1: HEADLAMP DELAY 10 SEC
Mode 2: HEADLAMP DELAY 20 SEC
Mode 3: HEADLAMP DELAY 40 SEC
Mode 4: HEADLAMP DELAY 60 SEC
Mode 5: HEADLAMP DELAY 120 SEC
If you choose Mode 3, the horn will chirp the second
time you press the button with the unlock symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
Mode 6: HEADLAMP DELAY 180 SEC
If you choose Mode 4, the parking lamps will flash each
time you press the button with the unlock symbol on
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
If you choose Mode 7, the headlamps will turn off as
soon as you turn off the vehicle.
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
Mode 7: HEADLAMP DELAY OFF
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
3-55
Perimeter Lighting
Seat Position Recall
This feature allows you to choose whether or not certain
exterior lamps turn on when the unlock button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed. Press
the personalization button until PERIMETER LIGHTING
appears in the display. To access the modes for
PERIMETER LIGHTING, press the select button. Once
PERIMETER LIGHTING is selected, press the select
button to scroll through the following modes:
This feature allows you to choose how any previously
programmed seat position is recalled. Press the
personalization button until SEAT POSITION RECALL
appears in the display. To access the modes for
SEAT POSITION RECALL, press the select button.
Once SEAT POSITION RECALL is selected, press the
select button to scroll through the following modes:
Mode 1: PERIMETER LIGHTING ON
Mode 2: PERIMETER LIGHTING OFF
If you choose Mode 1, the headlamps and back-up
lamps will come on for 40 seconds, if it is dark enough
outside, when you unlock the vehicle with the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
Mode 1: SEAT RECALL: OFF
Mode 2: SEAT RECALL: AT KEY IN
Mode 3: SEAT RECALL: ON REMOTE
If you choose Mode 1, the memory seat position
you saved will only be recalled when the memory
button 1 or 2 is pressed.
If you choose Mode 2, the memory seat position you
saved will be recalled when you put the key in the
ignition.
If you choose Mode 3, the memory seat position you
saved will be recalled when you unlock the vehicle with
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
See Memory Seat on page 2-59 for more information.
3-56
Alarm Warning Type
Display Language
This feature allows you to choose the type of alarm
warning feedback that will occur. Press the select button
until ALARM WARNING TYPE appears on the DIC.
Once ALARM WARNING TYPE is selected, press the
select button to scroll through the following modes:
This feature allows you to choose the language in which
the DIC information will be displayed. Press the select
button until DISPLAY LANGUAGE appears on the
DIC. Once DISPLAY LANGUAGE is selected, press the
select button to scroll through the following modes:
Mode 1: ALARM WARNING: BOTH
Mode 1: LANGUAGE: ENGLISH
Mode 2: ALARM WARNING: OFF
Mode 2: LANGUAGE: FRANCAIS (French)
Mode 3: ALARM WARNING: HORN
Mode 3: LANGUAGE: ESPANOL (Spanish)
Mode 4: ALARM WARNING: LAMPS
When the language you desire is displayed on the DIC,
press the personalization button to set your choice,
return to the personalization menu, and advance to the
next programmable feature.
If you choose Mode 1, the horn will chirp and the
exterior lamps will flash when the alarm is active.
If you choose Mode 2, there will be no alarm warning
on activation.
If you choose Mode 3, the horn will chirp when the
alarm is active.
If you choose Mode 4, the exterior lamps will flash when
the alarm is active.
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-13 for more
information.
If you accidentally choose a language that you do not
want, press and hold the personalization button and the
trip information button at the same time. The DIC will
begin scrolling through the languages in their particular
language. English will be in English, French will be
in French and so on. When you see the language that
you would like, release both buttons. The DIC will
then display the information in the language you chose.
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Display Units – U.S./MET
The feature allows you to choose the measurement
units. Press the personalization button until DISPLAY
UNITS – U.S./MET appears in the display. To access
the modes for DISPLAY UNITS – U.S./MET, press
the select button. Once DISPLAY UNITS – U.S./MET is
selected, press the select button to scroll through the
following modes:
Mode 1: UNITS: U.S. (ENGLISH)
Mode 2: UNITS: METRIC (km/L)
Mode 3: UNITS: METRIC (L/100km)
If you choose Mode 1, all information will be displayed
in English units.
If you choose Mode 2 or 3, all information will be
displayed in metric units.
Scroll through the list of modes. When the mode you
want is displayed on the DIC, press the personalization
button to set your choice, return to the personalization
menu, and advance to the next programmable feature.
3-58
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to
your vehicle, like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone, or two-way radio, make sure that it can
be added by checking with your dealer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be added,
it is very important to do it properly. Added
sound equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
Figure out which audio system is in your vehicle, find
out what your audio system can do, and how to operate
all of its controls.
Setting the Time
Radio with CD
The radio may have a button marked with an H or HR to
represent hours and an M or MN to represent minutes.
Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour
appears on the display. AM or PM will appear on
the display for morning or evening hours. Press and
hold the minute button until the correct minute appears
on the display. The time can be set with the ignition
on or off.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and
hold the hour and minute buttons at the same time for
two seconds until UPDATED and the clock symbol
appear on the display. If the time is not available from
the station, NO UPDAT will appear on the display.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. After tuning to
an RDS broadcast station, it may take a few minutes for
the time to update.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
o VOL p (Volume):
Turn this knob to increase or
to decrease the volume.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
When the ignition is turned off, press this knob to display
the time.
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For RDS, press the DISPL knob to change what
appears on the display while using RDS. The display
options are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY,
and the name of the program (if available).
Finding a Station
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
this knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
o TUNE p:
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, the audio system adjusts automatically to make
up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button
to select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will allow for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Then as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
speed. The volume level should always sound the same
to you as you drive. NONE will appear on the display
if the radio cannot determine the vehicle speed. To turn
automatic volume off, press this button until OFF
appears on the display.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
or AM. The display will show the selection.
Turn this knob to select radio stations.
o SEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to
go to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
o SCAN p: Press and hold either arrow for more
than two seconds. SCAN will appear on the display and
the radio will produce one beep. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press either arrow again or one of the
pushbuttons to stop scanning presets.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either arrow
for more than four seconds. PSCN will appear on
the display and the radio will produce one beep. The
radio will go to a preset station, play for a few seconds,
then go on to the next preset station. Press either
arrow again or one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning
presets.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
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Setting Preset Stations
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever
that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return and the equalization that was
selected will be stored for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy,
decrease the treble.
To adjust the bass and the treble to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
push and release the AUDIO knob until MANUAL
appears on the display.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, push the AUDIO knob, then push it again and
hold it until you hear one beep.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep.
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Radio Data System (RDS)
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
To select and find a desired PTY perform the
following:
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or call letters will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
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1. Press the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to select and to take you to the
PTY’s first station.
4. To go to another station within that PTY and the
PTY is displayed, press the SEEK TYPE button
once. If the PTY is not displayed, press the SEEK
TYPE button twice to display the PTY and then
to go to another station.
5. Press P-TYPE to exit program type select mode.
IF PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
If the radio cannot find the desired program type, NONE
will appear on the display and the radio will return to
the last station you were listening to.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stations
with a stronger frequency.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is low or
a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop during
the announcement. Alert announcements cannot be
turned off.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on the
display. Press this button to see the message. The
message may display the artist, song title, call in
phone numbers, etc.
If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message, press and release the INFO
button. A new group of words will appear on the display
after every press of this button. Once the complete
message has been displayed, the information symbol
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received. The last message can be
displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can view
the last message until a new message is received
or a different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will appear on the display.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station you will hear it.
If the station does not broadcast traffic announcements,
press the TRAF button and the radio will seek to a
station that does. When a station that broadcasts traffic
announcements is found, the radio will stop seeking
and TRAF will appear on the display. If no station
is found that broadcasts traffic announcements,
NO TRAF will appear on the display.
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If TRAF is on the display, press the TRAF button to turn
of the traffic announcements.
The radio will play the traffic announcement if the
volume is low. The radio will interrupt the play of a CD if
the last tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): The audio system
has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory.
If CAL ERR appears on the display it means that
the radio has not been configured properly for your
vehicle and it must be returned to your GM dealer for
service.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When the ignition or radio
is turned on, the CD will start to play where it stopped,
if it was the last selected audio source.
When the CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the display. As each new track starts to play, the
track number will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take your
vehicle to your GM dealer for service.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your GM dealer.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Playing a CD
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in, and READING will appear on
the display. The CD should begin playing. If you want
to insert a CD with the ignition off, first press the
EJT button or the DISPL knob.
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1 FLDx (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to
the start of the current track if more than eight seconds
have played. TRACK and the track number will
appear on the display. If this pushbutton is held or
pressed more than once, the player will continue moving
backward through the CD.
2 FLDw (Next): Press this pushbutton to go to the
next track. TRACK and the track number will appear
on the display. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward
through the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton
to reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse
at 10 times the normal playing speed. Press and hold
it for more than two seconds to reverse at 20 times
the normal playing speed. Release this pushbutton to
play the passage. REV and the elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release this pushbutton to play
the passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM ON will appear on the display. RDM T and
the track number will appear on the display when
each track starts to play. Press RDM again to turn off
random play. RDM OFF will appear on the display.
o SEEK p:
Press the left arrow to go to the start
of the current or the previous track. Press the right
arrow to go to the start of the next track. Pressing
either arrow for more than two seconds will search
the previous or next tracks at two tracks per second.
Release the button to stop searching and to play
the track.
o TUNE p:
Turning the TUNE knob will fast track
reverse or advance through tracks. The track number
will appear on the display for each track.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed
time of the track will appear on the display. To change
the default on the display, track or elapsed time,
press this knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce
one beep and the selected display will now be the
default.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
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Z EJT (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio off if this
button is pressed first.
If a CD contains more than the maximum of 50 folders,
50 playlists, 10 sessions, and 255 files the player will let
you access and navigate up to the maximum, but all
items over the maximum will be ignored.
Using an MP3 CD
Root Directory
MP3 Format
The root directory will be treated as a folder. If the root
directory has compressed audio files, the directory
will be displayed as F1 ROOT. All files contained directly
under the root directory will be accessed prior to any
root directory folders. However, playlists (Px) will always
be accessed before root folders or files.
This MP3 player will accept MP3 files that were recorded
on an up to 700 MB CD-R CD. The files can be recorded
with the following fixed bit rates: 32 kpbs, 40 kpbs,
56 kpbs, 64 kpbs, 80 kpbs, 96 kpbs, 112 kpbs, 128 kpbs,
160 kpbs, 192 kpbs, 224 kpbs, 256 kpbs, and 320 kpbs
or a variable bit rate. Song title, artist name, and
album will be available when recorded using ID3 tags
versions 1 and 2.
The player will be able to read and play a maximum of
50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions, and 255 files. Long
file, folder, or playlist names or a combination of a large
number of files and folders or playlists may cause the
player to be unable to play up to the maximum number of
files, folders, playlists, or sessions. If you wish to play
large numbers of files, folders, playlists or sessions
minimize the length of the file, folder or playlist name.
You can also play an MP3 CD that was recorded using no
file folders. The system can support up to 11 folders in
depth, though, keep the depth of the folders to a minimum
in order to keep down the complexity and confusion in
trying to locate a particular folder during playback.
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Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in the
file structure that contains only folders/subfolders and no
compressed files directly beneath them, the player will
advance to the next folder in the file structure that
contains compressed audio files and the empty folder
will not be displayed or numbered.
No Folder
When the CD contains only compressed files, the files
will be located under the root folder. The next and
previous folder functions will have no function on a
CD that was recorded without folders or playlists.
When displaying the name of the folder the radio will
display ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists and compressed
audio files, but no folders, all files will be located under
the root folder. The folder down and the folder up
buttons will search playlists (Px) first and then go to the
root folder. When the radio displays the name of the
folder the radio will display ROOT.
Order of Play
Tracks will be played in the following order:
• Play will begin from the first track in the first playlist
and will continue sequentially through all tracks in
each playlist. When the last track of the last playlist
has been played, play will continue from the first
track of the first playlist.
• If the CD does not contain any playlists, then play
will begin from the first track under the root
directory. When all tracks from the root directory
have been played, play will continue from files
according to their numerical listing. After playing
the last track from the last folder, play will
begin again at the first track of the first folder or
root directory.
When play enters a new folder, the display will not
automatically show the new folder name unless
you have chosen the folder mode as the default display.
See DISPL later in this section for more information.
The new track name will appear on the display.
File System and Naming
The song name that will be displayed will be the song
name that is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name
is not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio will
display the file name without the extension (such as
.mp3) as the track name.
Track names longer than 32 characters or four pages
will be shortened. The display will not show parts
of words on the last page of text and the extension of
the filename will not be displayed.
Preprogrammed Playlists
You can access preprogrammed playlists which were
created by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real
Jukebox™ software, however, you will not have editing
capability. These playlists will be treated as special
folders containing compressed audio song files.
Playing an MP3
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in, and READING will appear on
the display. The CD should begin playing and the CD
symbol will appear on the display. If you want to insert a
CD with the ignition off, first press the EJT button or
the DISPL knob.
3-67
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When the ignition or radio
is turned on, the CD will start to play where it stopped,
if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
1 FLDx (Previous Folder): Press this pushbutton
to go to the first track in the previous folder. Pressing
this button while in folder random mode will take you
to the previous folder and random the tracks in that
folder.
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2 FLDw (Next Folder): Press this pushbutton to go to
the first track in the next folder. Pressing this button
while in folder random mode will take you to the
next folder and random the tracks in that folder.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton
to reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse
at 10 times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 20 times the
normal playing speed. Release this pushbutton to
play the passage. REV and the elapsed time of the track
will appear on the display.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton
to advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
10 times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to advance at 20 times
the normal playing speed. Release this pushbutton to
play the passage. FWD and the elapsed time of
the track will appear on the display.
6 RDM (Random): To random the tracks in the current
folder or playlist, press and release this pushbutton.
FLDR RDM will appear on the display. Once all of the
tracks in the current folder or playlist have been played,
the system will move on to the next folder or playlist
and play all of the tracks in random order.
To random all the tracks on the CD, press and hold this
pushbutton for two seconds. You will hear a beep
and CD RDM will appear on the display. This feature
will not work with playlists.
When in random, pressing and releasing either SEEK
arrow will take you to the next or previous random track.
Press and release this pushbutton again to turn off
random play. NO RDM will appear on the display.
o SEEK p:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the previous track. Press the right arrow to go to the
start of the next track. Pressing either arrow for
more than two seconds will search the previous or next
tracks at two tracks per second. Release the button
to stop searching and to play the track.
TUNE: Turning the TUNE knob will fast track reverse or
advance through the tracks in all folders or playlists.
The track number and file name will appear on the
display for each track. Turning this knob while in random
will fast track reverse or advance the tracks in
sequential order.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch between
track mode, folder/playlist mode, and time of day mode.
The display will show only eight characters, but there
can be up to four pages of text. If there are more
than eight characters in the song, folder, or playlist
name, pressing this knob within two seconds will take
you to the next page of text. If there are no other pages
to be shown, pressing this knob within two seconds
will take you to the next display mode.
• Track mode will display the current track number
and the ID3 tag song name.
• Folder/playlist mode will display the current folder or
playlist number and the folder/playlist name.
• Time of day mode will display the time of day and
the ID3 tag song name.
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
this knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
INFO (Information): INFO will appear on the display
whenever a current track has ID3 tag information.
Press this button to display the artist name and album
contained in the tag. INFO will disappear from the
display when the information in the ID3 tag has finished.
3-69
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
• The format of the CD may not be compatible.
Z EJT (Eject):
Press this button to eject a CD.
Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio
off. CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio
off if this button is pressed first.
CD Messages
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
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and try again.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to
your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
Radio with Six-Disc CD
INFO (Information): Press this knob to switch the
display between the radio station frequency and
the time. When the ignition is off, press this knob to
display the time.
For RDS, press the INFO knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
To change the default on the display, press the INFO
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob until you hear a beep. The selected display
will now be the default.
Base Radio shown, Bose® similar
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOLUME: Turn this knob to increase or to decrease
the volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, the audio system will adjust automatically to
make up for road and wind noise as you drive by
increasing the volume as vehicle speed increases.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will provide more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. To turn
automatic volume off, press this button until AVOL
OFF appears on the display.
3-71
If your vehicle is equipped with Bose® the system will
have AudioPilot® noise compensation technology.
AudioPilot® monitors the level of noise in the vehicle
and automatically increases or decreases the level
of the audio to keep the audio above the noise.
To use AudioPilot® set the volume at the desired level.
Press the AUTO VOL button until AVOL appears on
the display. This feature works best at lower volume
settings where background noise may be louder than
the audio. At high volume settings, where the audio
is much louder than the background noise, there will
be no change in the audio level. To turn automatic
volume off, press the AUTO VOL button until AVOL OFF
appears on the display.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
or AM. The display will show the selection.
o TUNE p:
Turn this knob to select radio stations.
© SEEK ¨:
Press either the SEEK or the TYPE
arrows to go to the next or to the previous station and
stay there.
The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
3-72
© SCAN ¨: Press and hold either the SCAN or the
TYPE arrows for two seconds until SC appears on
the display and you hear a beep. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows
again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either the
SCAN or the TYPE arrows for more than four seconds.
PRESET SCAN will appear on the display and you
will hear a double beep. The radio will go to a preset
station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE
arrows again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal
that are in the selected band.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can
be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, or AM.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever
that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station
that was set will return for that pushbutton.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker controls are displayed. CENTERED will
appear on the display and you will hear a beep.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
To store an equalization setting to a preset station
perform the following:
1. Tune to the preset station.
2. Press and release the AUTO EQ button to select
the equalization setting.
Once the equalization no longer appears on the
display, the equalization will be set for that preset
station.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS,
MID, or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
to increase or to decrease. The display will show
the bass, midrange, or treble level. If a station is
weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
To adjust the bass, midrange, and treble to the
middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob.
The radio will produce one beep and adjust the
display level to the middle position.
To return to the manual mode, press the AUTO EQ
button until CUSTOM appears on the display. Then
manually adjust the bass, midrange, and treble using the
AUDIO knob.
If your vehicle is equipped with Bose®, the audio
system allows you to choose from three different
equalization settings: normal, driver, and spacious.
These settings can be used while listening to the radio
or the CD player.
NORMAL: This setting provides the best overall vehicle
sound quality for all seating locations.
DRIVER: This setting gives the driver the best sound
quality.
SPACIOUS: This setting makes the listening space
seem larger.
The radio can save separate AUTO EQ settings for
each preset and source.
3-73
The Bose® system will automatically adjust the
equalization to compensate for the change in acoustics
when the convertible top is down. The radio will mute
when the equalization switches just at the end of the
top down cycle and just at the beginning of the top
up cycle.
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM stations
that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
• Receive announcements concerning local and
programming
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE appears
on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward
the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and adjust the display level to the middle
position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker controls are displayed. CENTERED will
appear on the display and you will hear a beep.
3-74
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide
the time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
To select and find a desired PTY perform the
following:
1. Press the TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display.
2. Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the
TYPE button to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
the TYPE or the SEEK arrows to select and to
take you to the PTY’s first station.
4. To go to another station within that PTY and the
PTY is displayed, press either the TYPE or the
SEEK arrows once. If the PTY is not displayed,
go back to Step 1.
5. Press either the TYPE or the SEEK arrows to exit
program type select mode.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold the
TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt with. When selected, an asterisk will
appear beside that PTY on the display. Select multiple
interrupts if desired. When listening to a CD, the
last selected RDS station will interrupt play if that
selected program type format is broadcast.
SCAN: Scan the stations within a PTY by performing
the following:
1. Press the TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display.
2. Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the
TYPE button to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and
hold either the TYPE or the SCAN arrows for
two seconds, and the radio will begin scanning
the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either the TYPE or the SCAN arrows to stop
at a station.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stations
with a stronger frequency.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
3-75
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
2. Press the TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display.
If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message, press and release the INFO
button. A new group of words will appear on the display
after every press of this button. Once the complete
message has been displayed, INFO will disappear from
the display until another new message is received.
The last message can be displayed by pressing
the INFO button. You can view the last message until
a new message is received or a different station is
tuned to.
3. Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the
TYPE button to select a PTY.
Radio Messages
These pushbuttons have factory PTY presets. Up to
12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2), can be programmed
on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing
the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed, the PTY that
was set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may display
the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
3-76
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): The audio system has
been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If
CAL ERR appears on the display, it means that the radio
has not been configured properly for the vehicle and
must be returned to your GM dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. Take the vehicle
to your GM dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly, or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer.
Playing a CD
If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the CD. As each new track starts to play, the track
number will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single
CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the
smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. There may be an increase
in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a
known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD button.
3. Wait for the indicator light, located to the right of
the slot, to turn green.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the indicator light, located
to the right of the slot, will begin to flash and
MULTI LOAD # will appear on the display.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green,
INSERT CD # will appear on the display, load
a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side
up. The player will pull the CD in.
Once the CD is loaded, the indicator light will begin
flashing again. Once the light stops flashing and
turns green, you can load another CD. The
CD player takes up to six CDs. Do not try to load
more than six.
LOAD: Press this button to load CDs into the CD
player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
3-77
To load more than one CD but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When finished loading CDs,
press the LOAD button to cancel the loading function.
The radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
If more than one CD has been loaded, a number for
each CD will appear on the display.
Playing a Specific Loaded CD
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the
display. To play a specific CD, first press the CD AUX
button, then press the numbered pushbutton that
corresponds to the CD. A small bar will appear under
the CD number that is playing and the track number will
appear on the display.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
CD
Z (Eject):
Press this button to eject CD(s).
To eject the CD that is currently playing, press and
release this button.
To eject multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Press and hold the CD eject button for five seconds.
You will hear a beep and the indicator light, located
to the right of the slot, will begin to flash and
EJECT ALL will appear on the display.
3-78
2. Once the light stops flashing and turns green,
REMOVE CD # will appear on the display. The
CD will eject and can be removed.
Once the CD is removed, the indicator light will
begin flashing again and another CD will eject.
To stop ejecting the CDs, press the LOAD or the
eject button.
If the CD is not removed, after 25 seconds, the CD will
be automatically pulled back into the player. If CD is
pushed back into the player, before the 25-second time
period is complete, the player will sense an error
and will try to eject the CD several times before
stopping.
Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a
CD after you have tried to push it in manually. The
player’s 25-second eject timer will reset at each press of
eject, causing the player to not eject the CD until the
25-second time period has elapsed.
{ REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at
a reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear on
the display.
FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at
a reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear on
the display.
• To play the tracks on all of the CDs that are loaded
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, one track or an entire CD
can be repeated.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO EQ
to select the equalization setting while playing a CD.
The equalization will be stored whenever a CD is played.
For more information on AUTO EQ, see “AUTO EQ”
listed previously in this section.
To use repeat, do the following:
• To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play.
• To repeat the CD you are listening to, press and
hold the RPT button for two seconds. RPT will
appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn off
repeat play.
RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on one
CD or on all of the CDs. To use random, do one of
the following:
• To play the tracks on the CD you are listening to in
random order, press and release the RDM button.
RANDOM ONE will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
in random order, press and hold RDM for more
than two seconds. You will hear a beep and
RANDOM ALL will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
©SEEK ¨:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current track, if more than ten seconds have played.
Press the right arrow to go to the next track. If either
arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player
will continue moving backward or forward through
the CD.
©SCAN ¨:
To scan one CD, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. The radio
will go to the next track, play for 10 seconds, then go
on to the next track. Press either SCAN arrow again,
to stop scanning.
3-79
To scan all loaded CDs, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until CD SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of the first track of
each loaded CD. Press either SCAN arrow again, to
stop scanning.
INFO (Information): Press this knob to see how long
the current track has been playing. To change the
default on the display, track or elapsed time, press the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob until the display flashes. The selected display
will now be the default.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD(s) will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
2. Check to see that the CD changer is not in song
list mode. S-LIST should not appear on the
display. If S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST
button to turn it off.
3. Select the desired CD by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK or TYPE right
arrow to locate the track to be saved. The track will
begin to play.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button to save the
track into memory. When SONG LIST is pressed,
one beep will be heard immediately. After two
seconds of continuously pressing the SONG LIST
button, two beeps will sound to confirm the
track has been saved.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
Using Song List Mode
S-LIST FULL will appear on the display if you try to save
more than 20 selections.
The six-disc CD changer has a feature called song list.
This feature is capable of saving 20 track selections.
To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will appear on the
display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in
the order they were saved.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform
the following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on and load it with at least
one CD. See “LOAD CD” listed previously in this
section for more information.
3-80
Seek through the song list by using the SEEK or TYPE
arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will return
to the first saved track.
To delete tracks from the song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press either SEEK or TYPE arrow to select the
desired track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for
two seconds. When SONG LIST is pressed,
one beep will be heard immediately. After two
seconds of continuously pressing the SONG LIST
button, two beeps will be heard to confirm that the
track has been deleted.
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the track will be added to the end of the list.
To delete the entire song list, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for more
than four seconds. One beep will be heard,
followed by two beeps after two seconds, and a
final beep will be heard after four seconds. S-LIST
EMPTY will appear on the display indicating the
song list has been deleted.
If a CD is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that CD, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be removed from
the display.
CD Messages
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
3-81
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to
your GM dealer when reporting the problem.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
vehicle’s radio. The feature works automatically by
learning a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN). If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it
will not operate and LOCKED will appear on the display.
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK® is armed.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not operate
if stolen.
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the following:
Q SEEK R: Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous radio station and stay
there. The radio will only seek stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
When a CD is playing, press the up or the down arrow
to fast forward or reverse.
Q u R (Volume):
Press the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease the volume.
3-82
Radio Reception
Care of Your CD Player
AM
The use of CD lens cleaners for CD players is not
advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the
CD optics with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
FM
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Integrated Windshield Antenna
The antenna in your vehicle is a very thin, metal layer
in the windshield. The outline of the antenna can
be seen near the edges of the windshield. The
connector is at the top of the windshield, where the
headliner ends.
If difficulty with remote transmitters is experienced,
such as a garage door opener, try pointing the device
through the very top of the windshield.
Care of Your CDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from direct
sunlight and dust. If the surface of a CD is soiled,
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling CDs. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
3-83
✍ NOTES
3-84
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-3
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-5
Braking .........................................................4-6
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .........................4-6
Braking in Emergencies ...................................4-8
Traction Control System (TCS)
(Automatic Transmission) .............................4-8
Steering ......................................................4-10
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-12
Passing .......................................................4-12
Loss of Control .............................................4-13
Driving at Night ............................................4-15
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-16
City Driving ..................................................4-19
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-20
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-21
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-21
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-22
Winter Driving ..............................................4-24
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow ..............................................4-28
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out .................4-28
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-29
Towing ..........................................................4-34
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-34
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-34
Trailer Recommendations ...............................4-35
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-35
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-6.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going
to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-2
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
4-3
According to the American Medical Association,
a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin, or vodka.
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who consumes food just before or during
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout Canada,
sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other
countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is
0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The
BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States
is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
4-4
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need
to take sudden action, as when a child darts into
the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might
not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
cord, or heart. This means that when anyone who has
been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if the person had not been
drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness, and
judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering, and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it is
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control of
your vehicle.
4-5
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might be less
with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or
more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs and frustration. But even in three-fourths of a
second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time
to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear
out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking.
4-6
If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic
following distances, you will eliminate a lot of
unnecessary braking. That means better braking and
longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on. This is normal.
If there is a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will
stay on. See Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-31.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and
road conditions. This can help you steer around
the obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You
slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each front wheel
and at both rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise,
but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock brakes, you can steer and brake at the
same time. In many emergencies, steering can help
you more than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System (TCS)
(Automatic Transmission)
Your vehicle may have a Traction Control System (TCS)
that limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the rear wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system reduces engine power and may also up-shift the
transmission to limit wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this is
normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
re-engage the cruise control. See Cruise Control on
page 3-9.
The Traction Control System operates in all transmission
shift lever positions except for first gear. This is normal.
The system is deactivated when the transmission is
shifted into first gear. In this situation, the traction control
system warning light on the instrument panel cluster will
come on. This is normal. The system can upshift the
transmission only as high as the shift lever position
you’ve chosen, so you should use the lower gears only
when necessary. See Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 2-19.
4-8
When the system is on,
this warning light will
come on to let you know
if there’s a problem.
To turn the system on
or off press the button
located on your center
console switchbank.
See Center Console
Switchbank on page 3-18
for more information.
When this warning light is on, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
If the Traction Control System (TCS) is on and you drive
faster than 100 mph (161 km/h), the system will turn
off and the TC warning light will come on. The TCS will
turn back on and the TC warning light will go out
once the vehicle speed falls below 90 mph (145 km/h).
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light
(Automatic Transmission) on page 3-31.
To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery road
conditions, you should always leave the Traction Control
System on. But you can turn the system off if you
ever need to. You should turn the system off if your
vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and
rocking the vehicle is required. See Rocking Your
Vehicle to Get It Out on page 4-28 and If You Are Stuck:
In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page 4-28 for more
information.
When you turn the system off, the Traction Control
System warning light will come on and stay on. If the
Traction Control System is limiting wheel spin when you
press the button to turn the system off, the warning
light will come on and the system will turn off right away.
You can turn the system back on at any time by
pressing the button again. The Traction Control System
warning light should go off.
4-9
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer
but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject
to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you
are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
4-10
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding
the sudden acceleration can demand too much of
those places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your
front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly
pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from
between parked cars and stops right in front of you.
You can avoid these problems by braking — if you can
stop in time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not
room. That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-11
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you are driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel
to go straight down the roadway.
4-12
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass, providing the road ahead is clear.
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do
not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will
have a running start that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your
pass, you need only slow down and drop back again
and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and
check the blind spot.
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder,
and start your left lane change signal before moving
out of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its
front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther
away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area
of less danger.
4-13
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid. If your traction control system
is off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled
by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you
will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
or braking, including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice, or packed snow
on the road to make a mirrored surface — and
slow down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-14
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you are
driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
4-15
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even
several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust to the dark.
When you are faced with severe glare, as from a
driver who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle
with misaimed headlamps, slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out
dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should
be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
4-16
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if
your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic
signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and
even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good
shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
to separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow down before
you hit them.
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build
up under your tires that they can actually ride on
the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough
and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle
is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-17
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
If you cannot avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Turn on your low-beam headlamps — not just your
parking lamps — to help make you more visible to
others.
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 5-52.
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water crossing,
your vehicle can be carried away. As little as
six inches of flowing water can carry away a
smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other
vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be very
cautious about trying to drive through
flowing water.
4-18
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would
for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-20.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out
for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention
to traffic signals.
4-19
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your blind spot.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
4-20
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to
move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are
going slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway hypnosis?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on
the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of
the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle
can leave the road in less than a second, and you
could crash and be injured.
all levels?
4-21
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated,
with a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system,
and transmission. These parts can work hard
on mountain roads.
4-22
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
You would then have poor braking or even
none going down a hill. You could crash.
Always have your engine running and your
vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your
engine and transmission, and you can climb the
hill better.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
{CAUTION:
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
could be something in your lane, like a stalled ca
or an accident.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area,
or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-23
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
if you will be driving under severe conditions, include
a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet, or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction, or grip, and will need to be
very careful.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies
in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 5-52.
4-24
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing,
or loose snow — drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin
and polish the surface under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brake system (ABS) improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop on a
slippery road. Even though you have ABS, you will
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) on
page 4-6.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold snow
or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice
can be even more trouble because it may offer the least
traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is about
freezing, 32°F (0°C), and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On
an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear
in shaded areas where the sun cannot reach,
such as around clumps of trees, behind buildings,
or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of
ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it.
Try not to brake while you are actually on the ice,
and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-25
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you do not have blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags,
rags, floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-26
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You cannot see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This
saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a
little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get
and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To
help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so
until help comes.
4-27
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as rocking
can help you get out when you are stuck, but you
must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transmission or other parts of
the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
4-28
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transmission
back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For more information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 5-66.
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That
will clear the area around your front wheels. If you
have traction control, you should turn the system off.
See Traction Control System (TCS) (Automatic
Transmission) on page 4-8. Then shift back and forth
between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, or with
a manual transmission, between FIRST (1) or
SECOND (2) and REVERSE (R), spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning
your wheels in the forward and reverse directions,
you will cause a rocking motion that may free your
vehicle. If that does not get you out after a few tries,
you may need to be towed out. If you do need to
be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-34.
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification/Tire label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information label is
attached to the B-pillar of your vehicle. With the driver’s
door open, you will find the label attached to the door
frame, below the door latch. This label shows the number
of occupant seating positions (A), and the maximum
vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms and pounds.
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the size of the original equipment tires (C) and the
recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D). For
more information on tires and inflation see Tires on
page 5-52 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-58.
4-29
There is also important loading information on the
vehicle Certification/Tire label. It tells you the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for the front and rear axle.
See “Certification/Tire Label” later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
Your vehicle is neither designed nor intended to tow
a trailer.
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or
XXX pounds” on your vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if
the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs and there will be
five 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount
of available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
4-30
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight @
150 lbs (68 kg) x 1 =
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
Total
400 lbs (181 kg)
150 lbs (68 kg)
250 lbs (113 kg)
Example 2
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight @
150 lbs (68 kg) x 2 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Example 3
Total
Item
400 lbs (181 kg)
A
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
100 lbs (45 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight @
200 lbs (91 kg) x 2 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
400 lbs (181 kg)
400 lbs (181 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The combined
weight of the driver, passengers and cargo should
never exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
4-31
Certification/Tire Label
The Certificate/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads
on your rear axle, you need to go to a weigh station
and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with
this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on both
sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the GAWR
for the front and rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out, and load toward the front of the pickup box.
{CAUTION:
A vehicle specific Certification/Tire label is attached to
the rear edge of the driver’s door. The label shows
the size of your original tires and the inflation pressures
needed to obtain the gross weight capacity of your
vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the weight of
the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, cargo and trailer tongue
weight, if pulling a trailer.
4-32
In the case of a sudden stop or collision,
things carried in the bed of your truck could
shift forward and come into the passenger
area, injuring you and others. If you put things
in the bed of your truck, you should make sure
they are properly secured.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either
the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of your vehicle.
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the rear area of your vehicle.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
above the tops of the seats inside the
vehicle or in the cargo area when the
convertible top is lowered.
• If you carry tall objects in the cargo area,
secure them properly and have the
convertible top fastened in the raised
position.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask your
dealer to help you load your vehicle the correct way.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle — like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else — they will go as
fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
4-33
Add-On Equipment
Recreational Vehicle Towing
When you carry removable items, you may need to
put a limit on how many people you carry inside your
vehicle. Be sure to weigh your vehicle before you
buy and install the new equipment.
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle — such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common types of recreational
vehicle towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing
your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground)
and “dolly towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels
on the ground and two wheels up on a device known
as a “dolly”).
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
Remember not to exceed the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) of the rear axle. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service
if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed.
See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
For information about recreational vehicle towing,
see the following entry.
4-34
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with two or all four
wheels on the ground, the transmission could be
damaged. The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not tow your vehicle with two or all
four wheels on the ground.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with any
of its wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must
be towed, it should be placed on a platform trailer.
Trailer Recommendations
You must subtract your hitch load from the Cargo
Weight Rating (CWR) for your vehicle. The CWR is the
maximum weight of the load your vehicle can carry.
The CWR does not include the weight of the people
inside, but you can figure about 150 lbs (68 kg) for each
seating position. The total cargo load must not be
more than the vehicle’s CWR. Make sure to weigh your
vehicle with your trailer attached, so that you won’t
go over the GVWR or the GAWR.
You’ll get the best performance if you spread out the
weight of your load the right way, and if you choose the
correct hitch and trailer brakes.
For more information, see Towing a Trailer on page 4-35
later in this section.
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or
even at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. Pull a trailer only if you have
followed all the steps in this section. Ask your
dealer for advice and information about towing
a trailer with your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage
your vehicle and result in costly repairs that would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the instructions in this section and check with your
dealer for more information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
To identify what the vehicle trailering capacity is for your
vehicle, you should read the information in “Weight of
the Trailer” that appears later in this section.
4-35
If yours was built with trailering options, as many are,
it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, acceleration, braking, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
If You Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
4-36
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
• If you have an automatic transmission, you can tow
in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the transmission
to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear if the
transmission shifts too often under heavy loads
and/or hilly conditions. If you have a manual
transmission and you are towing a trailer, it is better
not to use the highest gear.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• Weight of the trailer
• Weight of the trailer tongue
• Weight on your vehicle’s tires
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming the
driver and one passenger are in the tow vehicle and it
has all the required trailering equipment. The weight
of additional optional equipment, passengers and cargo
in the tow vehicle must be subtracted from the
maximum trailer weight. The weight of the trailer tongue
also affects the maximum trailer weight. See “Weight
of the Trailer Tongue” later in this section.
The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the
total allowable weight of the completely loaded
vehicle and trailer including any passengers, cargo,
equipment and conversions. The GCWR for your vehicle
should not be exceeded.
You can ask your dealer for trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at the address listed in your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Your vehicle is a two-wheel drive vehicle. The axle
ratio is 3.73, the maximum trailer weight is 2,500 lbs
(1 134 kg) and the Gross Combination Weight Rating
(GCWR) is 7,500 lbs (3 402 kg).
4-37
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. If you have a lot of options, equipment,
passengers or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the
tongue weight your vehicle can carry, which will
also reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load
to the GVW because your vehicle will be carrying
that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29
for more information about your vehicle’s maximum
load capacity.
The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent to
15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B), up to a
maximum of 250 lbs (113 kg) with the equipped hitch.
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue weight
for your vehicle. Only use the equipped crossmember/
receiver that is included with your vehicle.
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately to see if the weights
are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the
trailer.
4-38
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on
the Certification label at the rear edge of the driver’s
door. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29. Then be
sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your vehicle,
including the weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
Your vehicle is compatible only with the following
optional trailering hitch. To order this hitch, see
your dealer.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Centering Device
Handwheel
Lock
Ball Rod
E. Ball (purchased
separately)
F. Chain Loop
4-39
Installing the Ball Rod
To install the ball rod do the following:
2. Be sure the unit is unlocked before pretensioning.
Unlock using the key.
1. Remove the cover of the housing located behind
the license plate area by pushing in the tabs and
pulling downward.
4-40
Then pretension the ball rod by pulling out the
handwheel and turning it counterclockwise. When
the ball is pretensioned, it means:
• The red area of the handwheel should be
opposite the white marking on the ball rod.
• The key cannot be withdrawn.
• The ball rod can only be installed in this position.
If the key is inserted and the lock is open,
tighten the handwheel slightly and turn clockwise
as far as the stop. Insert the ball rod as far
into the housing as it will go. When this happens,
you will hear the lock engage.
3. Check that the ball rod is tight by doing the
following:
• Close the lock, withdraw the key, and install the
lock cover securely.
• The green area on the handwheel should be
opposite the white dot on the ball rod.
• Move the hitch back and forth to ensure it is
properly secured.
If you cannot complete all of the above checks, repeat
the assembly procedure.
4-41
Removing the Ball Rod
To remove the ball rod do the following:
2. Hold the ball rod tight with one hand, tighten the
handwheel slightly and turn it clockwise as far as
it will go.
1. Open the lock cover on the handwheel and unlock
with the key.
4-42
3. Pull the ball rod down and off. Store the ball rod for
future use.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes — and they must
be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust
and maintain them properly.
Your trailer’s brake system can tap into the vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system only if:
• The trailer parts can withstand
3,000 psi (20 650 kPa) of pressure.
• The trailer’s brake system will use less than
4. Reinstall the housing cover.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from
contacting the road if it becomes separated from the
hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with your
rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from your
vehicle’s master cylinder. Otherwise, both
braking systems won’t work well. You could
even lose your brakes.
If everything checks out this far, then make the
brake fluid tap at the port on the master cylinder that
sends fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use copper
tubing for this. If you do, it will bend and finally break
off. Use steel brake tubing.
4-43
Driving with a Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch, parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that
the load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
4-44
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra
wiring and a heavy-duty turn signal flasher (included
in the optional trailering package).
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you
start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much
that they would get hot and no longer work well.
If you have an automatic transmission, you can tow in
DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the transmission
to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear if the
transmission shifts too often under heavy loads or hilly
conditions. If you have a manual transmission and
you are towing a trailer, it is better not to use SIXTH (6)
gear. Just drive in FIFTH (5) gear (or, as you need
to, a lower gear).
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades,
consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a lower
temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn your
engine off immediately after towing at high altitude
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let the
engine run while parked, preferably on level ground, with
the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a few
minutes before turning the engine off. For manual
transmissions, let the engine run while parked,
preferably on level ground, with the transmission out of
gear and the parking brake applied, for a few minutes
before turning the engine off. If you do get the overheat
warning, see Engine Overheating on page 5-28.
4-45
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with
a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
When You Are Ready to Leave
After Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
• Start your engine.
• Shift into a gear.
• Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet for an automatic transmission, or
into gear for a manual transmission. Turn your
wheels into the curb if facing downhill or into traffic
if facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Release the regular brakes.
4-46
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Trailer Wiring Harness
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4 for more information. Things that are especially
important in trailer operation are automatic transmission
fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt,
cooling system and brake system. Each of these is
covered in this manual. If you’re trailering, it’s a
good idea to review these sections before you start
your trip.
The trailer wiring is a four-wire harness assembly.
The wires are blunted and taped to the wiring harness.
The harness and wiring are stored under the vehicle
on the driver’s side. The harness has no connector and
should be wired by a qualified electrical technician.
The technician can use the following color code chart
when connecting the wiring harness to your trailer.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
•
•
•
•
Black: Ground wire.
Yellow: Left turn lamps.
Dark Green: Right turn lamps.
Brown: Parking lamps.
Securely attach the harness to the trailer, then tape
or strap it to your vehicle’s frame rail. Be sure you leave
it loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break,
but not so loose that it drags on the ground.
Store the harness in its original place. Wrap the harness
together and tie it neatly so it won’t be damaged.
4-47
✍ NOTES
4-48
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-4
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle ...........................................5-5
Fuel ................................................................5-5
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-5
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-6
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-7
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-8
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-10
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-13
Engine Oil Life System ..................................5-16
Engine Cover ...............................................5-18
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-19
Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................5-21
Manual Transmission Fluid .............................5-24
Hydraulic Clutch ...........................................5-25
Engine Coolant .............................................5-26
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-28
Engine Overheating .......................................5-28
Cooling System ............................................5-30
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-33
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-34
Brakes ........................................................5-35
Battery ........................................................5-38
Jump Starting ...............................................5-38
Rear Axle .......................................................5-43
Headlamp Aiming ...........................................5-44
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-44
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-44
Headlamps ..................................................5-44
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps ..........................................5-46
Taillamps .....................................................5-48
Back-Up Lamps ............................................5-49
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-49
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-50
Tires ..............................................................5-52
Tire Sidewall Labelling ...................................5-53
Tire Terminology and Definitions .....................5-55
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-58
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-60
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-60
Buying New Tires .........................................5-61
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-62
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-63
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-63
Tire Chains ..................................................5-66
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-66
Tire Inflator Kit .............................................5-68
Air Compressor ............................................5-70
Appearance Care ............................................5-74
Fabric/Carpet ...............................................5-74
Vinyl ...........................................................5-76
Leather .......................................................5-76
Instrument Panel ..........................................5-76
Interior Plastic Components ............................5-76
Glass Surfaces .............................................5-76
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-77
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-77
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................5-77
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .....................5-78
Finish Care ..................................................5-78
Windshield and Wiper Blades .........................5-79
5-2
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ................5-79
Tires ...........................................................5-80
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-80
Finish Damage .............................................5-80
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-81
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-81
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................5-81
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-82
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-82
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-83
Electrical System ............................................5-83
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-83
Headlamps ..................................................5-83
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-84
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-84
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................5-84
Floor Console Fuse Block ..............................5-85
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ....................5-88
Relay Center ................................................5-91
Capacities and Specifications ..........................5-93
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and
some component wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you
will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-12.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-51.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-15.
5-4
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts
and other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
The 8th digit of your vehicle identification number (VIN)
shows the code letter or number that identifies your
engine. You will find the VIN at the top left of the
instrument panel. See Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) on page 5-82.
Gasoline Octane
Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
of 91 or higher for best performance. You may also
use middle grade or regular unleaded gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration
may be slightly reduced. If the octane is less than 87,
you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive.
If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might
damage your engine.
Gasoline Specifications
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of Automobile
Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org/fuel_charter.htm.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
5-5
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards, it is designed to operate on fuels that
meet California specifications. See the underhood
emission control label. If this fuel is not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp may turn on and your vehicle may fail a
smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-32. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is determined that
the condition is caused by the type of fuel used,
repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work
properly. In most cases, you should not have to add
anything to your fuel. However, some gasolines contain
only the minimum amount of additive required to
meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
General Motors recommends that you buy gasolines
that are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems
due to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline. Also, your GM dealer has additives that
will help correct and prevent most deposit-related
problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
5-6
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may
be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in
the country where you will be driving.
5-7
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
5-8
The tethered fuel cap is
located behind a hinged
fuel door on the driver’s
side of the vehicle.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if the cap is released too soon, it will spring back to
the right.
While refueling, let the fuel cap hang by the tether
below the fuel fill opening.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly.
This spray can happen if your tank is nearly
full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open
the fuel cap slowly and wait for any hiss noise
to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill the
tank and wait a few seconds after you have finished
pumping before removing the nozzle. Clean fuel
from painted surfaces as soon as possible. See
Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-77.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until it clicks. Make sure the cap is fully
installed. The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed.
This would allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-32.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel
by shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-32.
5-9
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-10
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer
and other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the handle
located inside the
vehicle on the lower
left side of the
instrument panel.
2. Release the secondary latch at the front of
the hood.
3. After you have partially lifted the hood, gas struts
will automatically take over to lift and hold the
hood in the fully open position.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on properly. Then, pull the hood down to close. You
must drop the hood from about 12 inches (30 cm) or
less to latch the hood properly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, here is what you will see:
5-12
A. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump Starting on
page 5-38.
B. Coolant Surge Tank. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-26.
C. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-13.
D. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-13.
E. Automatic Transmission Fluid Dipstick (If Equipped)
(Not Shown). See Automatic Transmission Fluid
on page 5-21.
F. Engine Cover. See Engine Cover on page 5-18.
G. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-19.
H. Remote Negative (−) Terminal. See Jump Starting
on page 5-38.
I. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering
Fluid on page 5-33.
J. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake Fluid”
under Brakes on page 5-35.
K. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Engine
Compartment Fuse Block on page 5-88.
L. Clutch Master Cylinder Reservoir (If Equipped).
See Hydraulic Clutch on page 5-25.
M. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See “Adding
Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer Fluid
on page 5-34.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes
to drain back into the oil pan. If you do not do this,
the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel
or cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it
again, keeping the tip down, and check the level.
5-13
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the cross-hatched area at the
tip of the dipstick, then you will need to add at least
one quart of oil. But you must use the right kind. This
section explains what kind of oil to use. For engine
oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-93.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above
the cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
5-14
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere
in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all
the way back in when you are through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Notice: If you use oils that do not have the
GM4718M Standard designation, you can cause
engine damage not covered by your warranty.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Look for two things:
• GM4718M
Your vehicle’s engine requires a special oil
meeting GM Standard GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard may be identified as synthetic. However,
not all synthetic oils will meet this GM standard.
You should look for and use only an oil that meets
GM Standard GM4718M.
You should look for this on the oil container, and use
only those oils that are identified as meeting GM
Standard GM4718M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-15
Your vehicle’s engine is filled at the factory with a
Mobil 1® synthetic oil, which meets all requirements for
your vehicle.
Substitute Engine Oil: When adding oil to maintain
engine oil level, oil meeting GM Standard GM4718M
may not be available. You can add substitute oil
designated SAE 5W-30 with the starburst symbol at all
temperatures. Substitute oil not meeting GM Standard
GM4718M should not be used for an oil change.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM4718M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly, you
must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is necessary.
A change engine oil light will come on. See Change
Engine Oil Light on page 3-37. Change your oil as soon
as possible within the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It is
possible that, if you are driving under the best conditions,
the oil life system may not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at this
time the system must be reset. Your dealer has
GM-trained service people who will perform this work
using genuine GM parts and reset the system. It is also
important to check your oil regularly and keep it at the
proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
5-16
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate
when the next oil change is required. If a situation occurs
where you change your oil prior to a change engine oil
light being turned on, reset the system.
Always reset the engine oil life system to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset
the change engine oil light, do the following:
1. Press the fuel information button until ENGINE OIL
LIFE appears on the Driver Information Center
(DIC). See DIC Controls and Displays on page 3-42
for more information.
2. Press and hold the select button. The engine oil life
percentage will change to 100.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it
in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or
into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it
by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have
a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the change engine oil light comes back on when you
start your vehicle, the engine oil life system has not
reset. Repeat the procedure.
5-17
Engine Cover
Your vehicle has a removable engine cover.
To remove the engine cover do the following:
Engine Cover Insert
Your vehicle may have an
engine cover insert.
The engine cover insert must be removed to access the
bolts that secure the engine cover to the vehicle.
1. Remove the engine cover insert if your vehicle
has one. See “Engine Cover Insert” following for
instructions.
2. Unscrew the four bolts from the engine and lift off
the cover.
3. To reinstall the engine cover, reverse the steps.
5-18
Use the following procedure to remove the engine
cover insert:
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
1. Using a flat-bladed tool, lift up on the front outboard
edges of the engine cover insert to release the clips.
2. Slide the engine cover insert rearward to release the
insert from the two hooks located at the rear
outboard edges of the insert.
3. Lift off the engine cover insert.
4. To reinstall the insert, reverse the steps.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace at the first oil change after
50,000 miles (83 000 km). See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4 for more information. If you are driving in
dusty/dirty conditions, inspect the filter at each engine
oil change.
5-19
How to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt,
a new filter is required.
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
1. Remove the two bolts on the engine air cleaner/filter
and lift off the cover.
2. Twist out the old engine air cleaner/filter and
replace it, if necessary.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air; it helps
to stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is
not there and the engine backfires, you could
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
3. Reinstall the cover.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always have
the air cleaner/filter in place when you are driving.
5-20
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change the
Automatic Transmission Fluid
How to Check the Automatic
Transmission Fluid
Because this operation can be difficult, you may choose
to have this done at the dealership service department.
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Change both the fluid and filter at the first oil change
after 25,000 miles (41 500 km) if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one or more of these conditions:
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage
your transmission. Too much can mean that some
of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
part or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid.
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• When doing frequent trailer towing.
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter at the first oil
change after 50,000 miles (83 000 km).
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
•
•
•
•
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic — especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C). If your vehicle has the auxiliary
gage package, you can check the transmission fluid
temperature. See Auxiliary Gage Package on
page 3-40 for more information.
5-21
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C), drive the vehicle
in THIRD (3) until the engine temperature gage
moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes.
A cold fluid check can be made after the vehicle has
been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off,
but this is used only as a reference. Let the engine
run at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are
50°F (10°C) or more. If it is colder than 50°F (10°C), you
may have to idle the engine longer. Should the fluid
level be low during this cold check, you must check the
fluid hot before adding fluid. Checking the fluid hot
will give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level.
Checking the Automatic Transmission
Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
• Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
• With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
5-22
• With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
• Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The transmission dipstick
handle may have this
symbol on it or say
TRANS/LOCK.
The transmission dipstick is located in the rear of the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
How to Add Automatic Transmission
Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the COLD area,
below the cross-hatched area, for a cold check or in
the HOT or cross-hatched area for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid while
it is hot. A cold check is used only as a reference. If
the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper fluid
to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot check.
It does not take much fluid, generally less than one pint
(0.5 L). Do not overfill.
Notice: Use of automatic transmission fluid
labeled other than DEXRON®-III, Approved for the
H-Specification, may damage your vehicle, and
the damages may not be covered by your warranty.
Always use automatic transmission fluid labeled
DEXRON®-III, Approved for the H-Specification.
• After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check,” earlier in
this section.
• When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
5-23
Manual Transmission Fluid
Then, follow these steps:
When to Check
A good time to have it checked is when the engine oil is
changed. However, the fluid in your manual transmission
does not require changing.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your GM dealership
service department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage
your transmission. Too little fluid could cause
the transmission to overheat. Be sure to get an
accurate reading if you check your transmission
fluid.
Check the fluid level only when your engine is off, the
vehicle is parked on a level place and the transmission
is cool enough for you to rest your fingers on the
transmission case.
5-24
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Check that the lubricant level is up to the bottom of
the filler plug hole.
3. If the fluid level is good, install the plug and be sure
it is fully seated. If the fluid level is low, add more
fluid as described in the next steps.
How to Add Fluid
Here is how to add fluid. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole. Add only enough
fluid to bring the fluid level up to the bottom of the
filler plug hole.
3. Install the filler plug. Be sure the plug is fully
seated.
When to Check and What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule to determine
how often you should
check the fluid level in your
master cylinder reservoir
and for the proper
fluid. See Owner Checks
and Services on page 6-8
and Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-12.
Hydraulic Clutch
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is
self-adjusting. The master cylinder reservoir is filled with
hydraulic fluid.
It is not necessary to regularly check the fluid unless
you suspect there is a leak in the system. Adding fluid
will not correct a leak.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
How to Check and Add Fluid
You do not need to check the fluid level unless you
suspect a clutch problem. To check the fluid level, take
the cap off. If the fluid reaches the step inside the
reservoir, the fluid level is correct. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
5-25
Engine Coolant
What to Use
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for five years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will not damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you do
not need to add anything else.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating or if you need to add coolant to
your radiator, see Engine Overheating on page 5-28.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-26
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
Checking Coolant
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
The engine coolant surge tank is located on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle at the rear of the engine
compartment. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the
FULL COLD mark or a little higher.
5-27
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture to the coolant surge tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-28
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 3-32.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop
your engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear
no steam, the problem may not be too serious.
Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer. See “Driving on Grades” under
Towing a Trailer on page 4-35.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the windows as necessary.
5-29
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning does not come back on, you can drive
normally.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is what
you will see:
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you are parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Engine Cooling Fan
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
do not do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
5-30
When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be
at least up to the FULL COLD mark. If it is not, you
may have a leak at the pressure cap or in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive
the vehicle.
5-31
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, but the coolant
level is not at the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50
mixture of clean drinkable water and DEX-COOL®
engine coolant at the coolant recovery tank. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-26 for more information.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-32
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant surge tank is at the
FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
Power Steering Fluid
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
reservoir location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine compartment
cool down.
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a
clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
5. Remove the cap again and look at the fluid level
on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL mark. If necessary,
add only enough fluid to bring the level up to the mark.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
5-33
Windshield Washer Fluid
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to
read the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you
will be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that
has sufficient protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for reservoir
location.
5-34
Notice:
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water does not
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it is very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder
reservoir is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12
for the location of the
reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level
in the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes will not work well, or will
not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add
fluid when your linings are worn, then you will have
too much fluid when you get new brake linings.
You should add or remove brake fluid, as necessary,
only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system. See “Checking Brake Fluid”
in this section.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
5-35
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.
Look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above MIN.
If it is not, have your brake
system checked to see
if there is a leak.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper brake
fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN, but not over
the MAX mark.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-12.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
5-36
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system
parts so badly that they will have to be replaced.
Do not let someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be
careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle.
If you do, wash it off immediately. See
Appearance Care on page 5-74.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving, except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes
adjust for wear.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
5-37
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM
brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system —for example, when your brake linings
wear down and you need new ones put in — be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you do
not, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change — for the worse. The braking
performance you have come to expect can change
in many other ways if someone puts in the wrong
replacement brake parts.
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (−) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Battery
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery. When it is
time for a new battery, get one that has the replacement
number shown on the original battery’s label. We
recommend an ACDelco® replacement battery. The
battery is located under the rear of the vehicle.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
5-38
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly hurt if
you are not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 5-38 for tips on working around a battery
without getting hurt.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to use the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or the accessory power outlets. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that are not needed. This
will avoid sparks and help save both batteries.
And it could save the radio!
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
5-39
The remote negative (−)
terminal is located near
the power steering
fluid reservoir. It is marked
GND (−). See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+) and
negative (−) terminal locations on the other vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump starting
terminal and a remote negative (−) jump starting
terminal. You should always use these remote
terminals instead of the terminals on the battery.
The remote positive (+)
terminal is located in the
engine compartment
on the passenger’s side
of the vehicle.
You will not see the battery of your vehicle under
the hood. It is located on the rear underside of
the vehicle. You will not need to access the battery
for jump starting. The remote positive (+) terminal
is for that purpose.
Press inward on the tabs located on the outboard
sides of the remote positive (+) terminal cover
and pull outward to access the terminal.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
5-40
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been blinded.
Use a flashlight if you need more light.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the battery installed
in your new vehicle. But if a battery has filler
caps, be sure the right amount of fluid is there.
If it is low, add water to take care of that first.
If you do not, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose
or missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts too. And do not connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-41
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+) terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle
has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal of the good battery. Use a
remote negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end of the cable touch
anything until the next step. The other end of the
negative (−) cable does not go to the dead battery.
It goes to a heavy, unpainted metal engine part
or to a remote negative (−) terminal on the vehicle
with the dead battery.
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting may
occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always connect
and remove the jumper cables in the correct
order, making sure that the cables do not touch
each other or other metal.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there, and the chance
of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has
one. Your vehicle’s remote negative (−) terminal
is marked GND (−).
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and
run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it will not start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-42
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (−) Terminal (GND)
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
How to Check Lubricant
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its
original position.
Rear Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check the rear axle
fluid unless there is a leak in the system or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss in the system indicates
that you have a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
The proper level is from 0 to 3/8 inch (0 to 10 mm)
below the bottom of the filler plug hole.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
located on the rear axle, you’ll need to add some
lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler plug hole.
5-43
What to Use
See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12
for the type of fluid to use.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Headlamp Aiming
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. If you believe your headlamps
need to be re-aimed, we recommend that you take
your vehicle to the dealer for service. However, it
is possible for you to re-aim your headlamps by following
the procedure in the service manual for your vehicle.
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside
and can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.
You or others could be injured. Be sure to read
and follow the instructions on the bulb
package.
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For the proper types of bulbs to use, see Replacement
Bulbs on page 5-49.
To replace the headlamp bulbs, do the following:
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer’s service department.
5-44
1. Turn the front wheels as far as they will go in the
opposite direction of the bulb that is being changed.
2. Reach underneath the vehicle and locate the
headlamp door. Remove the fastener retaining
the door.
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to remove it
from the headlamp assembly.
There are separate sockets for the high and
low-beam headlamps.
5. Disconnect the bulb socket from the wiring harness
and replace the unit.
4. Pull the bulb socket out of the headlamp assembly.
7. Reinstall the headlamp cover and tighten the
fastener.
6. Reinstall the bulb socket back into the headlamp
assembly by turning it clockwise.
5-45
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps
Front Turn and Parking Lamps
To replace the front turn or parking lamp bulbs,
do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on page 5-11
for more information.
2. Locate the bar that runs across the front of the
vehicle and remove the two screws located near
the front of the hood that hold the bar in place.
3. Release the tabs that attach the bar to the
headlamps.
5-46
4. Pull outward on the bar to remove it from the
vehicle.
Sidemarker Lamps
To replace a sidemarker bulb, do the following:
1. Reach underneath the vehicle to locate the
sidemarker bulb.
2. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to remove it.
3. Pull the old bulb out of the socket and push in a
new bulb.
4. Reverse steps to reinstall the bulb socket.
5. Locate and release the tabs behind the grille that
hold the lamp assembly in place. Unsnap the tabs
and push forward to remove the lamp assembly.
6. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to access
the bulb.
7. Pull the old bulb out of the socket and push in a
new bulb.
8. Reverse the steps to reinstall the lamp assembly.
5-47
Taillamps
To replace a taillamp bulb, do the following:
1. Reach underneath the rear of the vehicle.
3. Pull the old bulb out of the socket and push in a
new bulb.
4. Reinstall the socket into the lamp assembly and
turn it clockwise to secure.
2. Find the bulb socket, twist counterclockwise, and
remove it from the lamp assembly.
5-48
Back-Up Lamps
3. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and then pull
outward to remove it from the socket.
To replace a back-up lamp bulb, do the following:
4. Insert a new bulb into the socket by lining up the
notches on the bulb and turn it clockwise to
secure it.
1. Reach underneath the vehicle near the license plate
and find the bulb socket.
5. Reverse the steps to reinstall the lamp assembly
on the vehicle.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Back-up Lamps
Bulb Number
2057
Headlamps
2. Remove the socket from the lamp assembly by
locating and then squeezing the release tab
while turning the socket counterclockwise.
High-Beam
9005HB3
Low-Beam
H11
Parking Lamps
T20
Sidemarker Lamps
194
Taillamps
3157
Turn Signal Lamps
T20
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact your
dealer.
5-49
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected
periodically for wear and cracking. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 6-14.
Notice: Allowing the wiper blade arm to touch
the windshield when no wiper blade is installed
could damage the windshield. Any damage
that occurs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not allow the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield.
1. To remove the old wiper blades, lift the wiper arm
until it locks into a vertical position.
A. Blade Assembly
B. Arm Assembly
C. Locking Tab
D. Blade Pivot
E. Hook Slot
F. Arm Hook
2. Press down on the blade assembly pivot locking
tab. Pull down on the blade assembly to release it
from the wiper arm hook.
3. Remove the insert from the blade assembly. The
insert has two notches at one end that are locked by
bottom claws of the blade assembly. At the notched
end, pull the insert from the blade assembly.
5-50
4. To install the new wiper insert, slide the insert (D),
notched end last, into the end with two blade
claws (A). Slide the insert all the way through the
blade claws at the opposite end (B). The plastic
caps (C) will be forced off as the insert is fully
inserted.
5. Be sure that the notches are locked by the bottom
claws. Make sure that all other claws are properly
locked on both sides of the insert slots.
A. Claw in Notch
B. Correct Installation
C. Incorrect Installation
6. Put the blade assembly pivot in the wiper arm
hook. Pull up until the pivot locking tab locks in
the hook slot.
7. Carefully lower the wiper arm and blade assembly
onto the windshield.
5-51
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
{CAUTION:
• Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
•
•
•
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-29.
Underinflated tires pose the same danger
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-58, for
inflation pressure adjustment for high speed
driving.
5-52
Winter Tires
Tire Sidewall Labelling
If you expect to drive on snow or ice covered roads
often, you may want to get winter tires for your vehicle.
All season tires provide good overall performance on
most surfaces but they may not offer the traction
you would like or the same level of performance as
winter tires on snow or ice covered roads.
Useful information about a tire is molded into the
sidewall. The following illustration is an example of a
typical P-Metric tire sidewall.
See your dealer for details regarding winter tire
availability and proper tire selection. Also, see
Buying New Tires on page 5-61
If you choose to use winter tires:
• Use tires of the same brand and tread type on
all four wheel positions.
• Use only radial ply tires of the same size,
load range, and speed rating as the original
equipment tires.
Winter tires with the same speed rating as your
original equipment tires may not be available for H, V,
W and ZR speed rated tires. If you choose winter
tires with a lower speed rating, never exceed the tire’s
maximum speed capability.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular tire’s
width, height, aspect ratio, construction type, and service
description. See the Tire Size illustration later in this
section for more detail.
5-53
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-58 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Tire Size
The following illustration shows, an example of, a typical
passenger car tire size.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following the DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have the
date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction,
and temperature resistance. For more information,
see Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-62.
5-54
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P as
the first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U.S. Tire
and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is 75, as shown in item C, of
the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
75 percent as high as it is wide.
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply construction; the letter D
means diagonal or bias ply construction; and the
letter B means belted-bias ply construction.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire.
The load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from A to Z.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi)
or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat from
driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-58.
5-55
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of
a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with
the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) motor
vehicle safety standards. The DOT code includes
the Tire Identification Number (TIN), an alphanumeric
designator which can also identify the tire manufacturer,
production plant, brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
KiloPascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
5-56
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg).
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that faces
outward when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the
tire that contains a whitewall, bears white lettering
or bears manufacturer, brand, and/or model name
molding that is higher or deeper than the same moldings
on the other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-58 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread remains. See
When It Is Time for New Tires on page 5-60.
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards):
A tire information system that provides consumers
with ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature, and
treadwear. Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers
using government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 5-62.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight and
the original equipment tire size and recommended
inflation pressure. See “Tire and Loading Information
Label” under Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
5-57
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to operate
effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is not.
If your tires do not have enough air (under-inflation),
you can get the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Premature or irregular wear
For additional information regarding how much weight
your vehicle can carry, and an example of the tire
and loading information label, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29. How you load your vehicle affects
vehicle handling and ride comfort, never load your
vehicle with more weight than it was designed to carry.
Poor handling
When to Check
Reduced fuel economy
Check your tires once a month or more.
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation), you
can get the following:
•
•
•
•
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached to the
vehicle’s center pillar, below the driver’s door latch.
This label lists your vehicle’s original equipment
tires and shows the correct inflation pressures for your
tires when they are cold. The recommended cold
tire inflation pressure, shown on the label, is the
minimum amount of air pressure needed to support your
vehicle’s maximum load carrying capacity.
Unusual wear
Poor handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
5-58
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look properly
inflated even when they’re under-inflated. Check the tire’s
inflation pressure when the tires are cold. Cold means
your vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours or
driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Re-check the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
High Speed Operation
{CAUTION:
Driving at high speeds, 100 mph (160 km/h)
or higher, puts an additional strain on tires.
Sustained high-speed driving causes excessive
heat build up and can cause sudden tire failure.
You could have a crash and you or others
could be killed. Some high-speed rated tires
require inflation pressure adjustment for high
speed operation. When speed limits and road
conditions are such that a vehicle can be driven
at high speeds, make sure the tires are rated for
high speed operation, in excellent condition,
and set to the correct cold tire inflation pressure
for the vehicle load.
If you will be driving your vehicle at speeds of 100 mph
(160 km/h) or higher, where it is legal, set the cold
inflation pressure to the maximum inflation pressure
shown on the tire sidewall, or 35 psi (244 kPa),
whichever is lower. See the example following.
5-59
When you end this high-speed driving, return the tires
to the cold inflation pressure shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29.
Example:
You will find the maximum load and inflation pressure
molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near
the rim flange. It will read something like this: Maximum
load 690 kg (1521 lbs) 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure
for high-speed driving at 35 psi (244 kPa) for the
front and rear tires.
Racing or other competitive driving may affect the
warranty coverage of your vehicle. See your warranty
booklet for more information.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
The tires on your vehicle are different sizes front to rear.
Due to this, your tires should not be rotated. Each tire
and wheel should be used only in the position it is in.
Check your tires and wheels regularly for unusual wear
and damage. Also see, Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4, When It Is Time for New Tires on page 5-60
and Wheel Replacement on page 5-63.
5-60
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining. Some
commercial truck tires
may not have treadwear
indicators.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires your vehicle
needs, look at the Certification/Tire label or the Tire and
Loading Information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29, for examples of these labels and
where they are located on your vehicle.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new
tires, GM recommends that you get tires with that same
TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue
to have tires that are designed to give proper endurance,
handling, load range, speed rating, traction, ride and
other characteristics during normal service on your
vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC number will be followed by an “MS” (for
mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Winter tires with the same speed rating as your
original equipment tires may not be available for H, V,
W and ZR speed rated tires. If you choose snow
tires with a lower speed rating, never exceed the tire’s
maximum speed capability.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
(other than those originally installed on your
vehicle) or types (radial and bias-belted tires),
the vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes (other than those originally installed on
your vehicle) may also cause damage to your
vehicle. Be sure to use the correct size and
type tires on all four wheels.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-61
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-62
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature
can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead
to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to
a level of performance which all passenger car tires
must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher
levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel than
the minimum required by law.
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to give you
the longest tire life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and tire balancing
will not be necessary on a regular basis. However,
if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling to
one side or the other, the alignment may need to be
checked. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when
driving on a smooth road, your tires and wheels may
need to be rebalanced. See your dealer for proper
diagnosis.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose,
the wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be
replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
5-63
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
5-64
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire clearance to the
body and chassis.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause a crash. When you change
a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper
or wire brush later, if you need to, to get all the
rust or dirt off.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or the threads
of the wheel nuts. If you do, the wheel nuts
might come loose and the wheel could fall off,
causing a crash.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become
loose and even come off. This could lead to a
crash. Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts.
If you have to replace them, be sure to get new
GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause a crash. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
5-65
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
Do not use tire chains. There is not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle
without the proper amount of clearance can
cause damage to the brakes, suspension or
other vehicle parts. The area damaged by the
tire chains could cause you to lose control of
your vehicle and you or others may be injured
in a crash. Use another type of traction device
only if its manufacturer recommends it for use
on your vehicle and tire size combination and
road conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, re-adjust or remove the
device if it is contacting your vehicle, and do
not spin your wheels. If you do find traction
devices that will fit, install them on the
rear tires.
5-66
If a Tire Goes Flat
Your vehicle has no spare tire, no tire changing
equipment and no place to store a tire.
It is unusual for a tire to blow out while you are driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. See
Tires on page 5-52. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much
more likely to leak out slowly. But if you should
ever have a blow out here are a few tips about what to
expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blow out, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blow out, remove
your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle
under control by steering the way you want the vehicle
to go. It may be very bumpy and noisy, but you can
still steer. Gently brake to a stop, well off the road
if possible.
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place and stopping.
Then do this:
1. Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
2. Park your vehicle. If your vehicle has an automatic
transmission, set the parking brake firmly and put
the shift lever in PARK (P). See Shifting Into
Park (P) (Automatic Transmission) on page 2-24
for additional information. If your vehicle has
a manual transmission, move the shift lever to
REVERSE (R) and set the parking brake firmly.
See Parking Your Vehicle (Manual Transmission)
on page 2-25 for additional information.
3. Turn off the engine.
4. Inspect the flat tire.
If the tire has been separated from the wheel or has
damaged sidewalls or large tears that allow rapid
air loss, call a tire repair facility. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 7-6.
If the flat tire is due to a slow leak caused by a nail
or other similar road hazard, the tire inflator kit may be
used to repair the damaged tire temporarily. The kit
uses a liquid tire sealant to seal small punctures in the
tread area of the tire. The flat tire is then inflated to
at least 26 psi (179 kPa) and driven to evenly distribute
the tire sealant. The tire pressure is checked after
driving for a maximum of 10 minutes to see if the slow
leak has been stopped. If the tire pressure is 19 psi
(131 kPa) or more, inflate the tire up to the standard
operating pressure as shown on the tire and loading
information label. This label is attached to the
vehicle’s B-pillar below the driver’s door latch. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-58.
You should have the damaged tire repaired as soon as
possible. The tire sealant is a temporary repair only.
For more information regarding the tire inflator kit
see Tire Inflator Kit on page 5-68.
Notice: If the tire pressure has dropped below
19 psi (131 kPa), the vehicle should not be driven.
Damage to the tire may be severe and the sealant
will not be effective. Contact Roadside Assistance,
see Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
5-67
Tire Inflator Kit
Accessing the Tire Inflator Kit
Your vehicle is equipped with a tire inflator kit. It is
located behind the driver’s seat of your vehicle.
To access the tire inflator kit, do the following:
The repair kit contains the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Air Compressor
Tire Sealant
Sealant Filling Hose
Air Compressor
Accessory Plug
E. Air Compressor
Inflator Hose
5-68
F. Air Pressure Gage
G. Sealant Filling
Hose Plug
H. Valve Core Remover
I. Spare Valve Core
J. 55 mph (90 km/h)
Label
1. Loosen the two wing nuts holding the tire inflator kit
cover in place.
2. Remove the cover.
3. Grasp the handle and pull the tire inflator kit out.
4. Open the tire inflator kit case by lifting up the
two tabs located on either side of the kit handle.
Tire Sealant
The kit contains a liquid sealant that when injected into
a flat tire, may temporarily repair nail holes or cuts
in the tread area of the tire. The tire sealant cannot
repair tire damage caused while driving on a flat tire or
a tire that has had a “blow out” or a tire that has
punctures in the sidewall areas. The tire sealant solution
is a one-time use application for one tire only. Check
the tire sealant expiration date; the sealant may not be
as effective beyond the expiration date. The tire
sealant can be peeled off easily after drying.
Using Tire Sealant
To apply the tire sealant, do the following:
1. Turn the valve cap on the tire valve
counterclockwise to remove it.
4. Attach the tire sealant filling hose to the bottle
of tire sealant to pierce the seal on the bottle.
5. Remove the sealing plug from the end of the
filling hose and insert the end of the hose over
the tire valve.
6. Hold the bottle upside down over the tire valve
and squeeze the sealant into the tire until the
bottle is empty.
7. Remove the sealant filling hose from the tire valve
and reinstall the sealing plug.
8. Insert the valve core back into the tire valve.
Turn the valve core tool clockwise to secure
the valve core.
Once the tire sealant is applied, you can use the
compressor to inflate the tire. See Air Compressor on
page 5-70 for instructions.
2. Remove the valve core using the valve core tool
provided in the tire inflator kit. An extra valve
core is also provided in the kit.
3. Shake the bottle to make sure the sealant is
well mixed.
5-69
Tire Inflator Kit Storage
Air Compressor
The tire inflator kit is stored behind the driver’s seat
in your vehicle. To reinstall the kit after use, do
the following:
The air compressor included in the tire inflator kit
was designed exclusively for your vehicle. After the
sealant has been injected into the flat tire, use the air
compressor to inflate the flat tire.
{CAUTION:
Storing the tire inflator kit or other equipment in
the passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
the tire inflator kit in the proper place.
1. Place the air compressor pump and accessories
into the inflator kit case.
2. Move the driver’s seat forward and tilt the seatback
forward out of the way.
3. Place the inflator kit in its original position.
4. Place the cover over the tire inflator kit.
5. Hold the kit with the cover on against the back wall
of the passenger compartment in the designated
storage area as you perform the next step.
6. Reinstall the two nuts holding the tire inflator kit
cover in place.
5-70
A. Inflating Hose
B. Air Pressure Gage
C. ON/OFF Switch
D. Air Compressor Plug
To inflate the tire, do the following:
1. Park your vehicle. If your vehicle has an automatic
transmission, set the parking brake firmly and put
the shift lever in Park (P). See Shifting Into Park (P)
(Automatic Transmission) on page 2-24 for more
information. If your vehicle has a manual
transmission, move the shift lever to REVERSE (R)
and set the parking brake firmly. See Parking
Your Vehicle (Manual Transmission) on page 2-25
for more information.
{CAUTION:
2. Attach the nozzle on the compressor to the valve
stem of the flat tire, and then insert the plug into
an accessory power outlet on your vehicle.
Idling the engine in a closed-in place or with
the climate control system off can cause
deadly carbon monoxide (CO). See Engine
Exhaust on page 2-26.
5-71
Notice: The car engine must be running to avoid
draining the battery while running the air
compressor.
3. Start your vehicle.
5. Inflate the tire to at
least 26 psi (179 kPa),
but not more than
36 psi (248 kPa).
4. Turn the compressor on (I) to inflate the tire.
{CAUTION:
Inflating something too much can make it
explode, and you or others could be injured.
Be sure to read the inflator instructions, and
inflate the tire to its recommended pressure.
Do not exceed 36 psi (248 kPa).
5-72
Notice: If the air compressor runs for more
than six minutes, at a time, it may overheat. The
excessive heat could damage the compressor.
Always operate the compressor for six minutes or
less when inflating a tire.
6. Inflate the tire for
up to a maximum
of six minutes.
Notice: If 26 psi (179 kPa) tire pressure cannot be
reached after six minutes the vehicle should not
be driven farther. Damage to the tire is severe and
the sealant will not be effective. Remove the air
compressor plug from the accessory power outlet
and unscrew the inflating hose from the tire
valve. See Roadside Assistance Program on
page 7-6.
7. If 26 psi (179 kPa) tire pressure is reached in
six minutes or less, disconnect or turn off the
air compressor.
8. Attach the enclosed
maximum speed label
to the inside upper
left corner of the
windshield or to the
face of the radio/clock.
The maximum speed label reminds you to drive
cautiously and not to exceed 55 mph (90 km/h) until
you have the damaged tire inspected and repaired.
9. Drive the vehicle immediately to distribute the tire
sealant evenly inside the tire.
10. After driving for 10 minutes, recheck the tire
pressure. If the tire pressure is 19 psi (131 kPa) or
more, inflate the tire to the standard operating
pressure as shown on the Certification/Tire label
located on the edge of the driver’s door.
If the tire pressure has dropped below 19 psi
(131 kPa), do not continue to drive the vehicle.
The tire is severely damaged and the tire sealant
will not be effective. Repair or replace the tire
as soon as possible.
5-73
Appearance Care
Cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic.
Other cleaning products can burst into flames if a match
is struck near them or if they get on a hot part of the
vehicle. Some are dangerous if their fumes are inhaled
in an enclosed space. When anything from a container
is used to clean the vehicle, be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. Always open
the doors or windows of the vehicle when cleaning
the inside.
Never use these to clean the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others —and they can all damage the vehicle, too.
5-74
Do not use any of these products unless this manual
says you can. In many uses, these will damage
the vehicle:
• Alcohol
• Laundry Soap
• Bleach
• Reducing Agents
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic, and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
GM-approved cleaning products can be obtained from
your dealer.
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can before they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• To avoid forming a ring on the fabric after spot
cleaning, clean the entire area immediately or it
will set.
Most stains can be removed with club soda water.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. For liquids: blot with a clean, soft, white cloth.
For solids: remove as much as possible and
then vacuum or brush.
2. Apply club soda water to a clean, soft, white cloth.
Do not over-saturate; the cloth should not drip
water.
3. Clean the entire area. Avoid getting the fabric
too wet.
4. Start cleaning from the seams into the stain to
avoid a ring effect.
3. Spray a small amount of the cleaner onto a
clean soft, white, cloth. Do not apply spray
directly to the fabric.
4. Start cleaning from the seams into the stain to
avoid a ring effect.
5. Continue cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth
each time it becomes soiled.
6. When the stain is removed, blot the cleaned area
with another dry, clean, soft, white cloth.
7. If the cleaner leaves a ring effect, follow up with
the club soda water instructions given earlier in
this section.
5. Continue cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth
each time it becomes soiled.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
6. When the stain is removed, blot the cleaned area
with another dry, clean, soft, white cloth.
Stains caused by such things as catsup, black coffee,
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine,
and blood can be removed using the club soda water
instructions given earlier in this section. If an odor lingers
after cleaning vomit or urine, treat the area with a
water and baking soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of
baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm water.
Let dry.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. First, try the cleaner on an area of the fabric that
is not easily seen to make sure the cleaner does
not affect the color of the fabric.
2. For liquids: blot with a clean, soft, white cloth.
For solids: remove as much as possible and
then vacuum or brush.
5-75
Stains caused by oil and grease can be cleaned with an
approved GM cleaner and a clean, white cloth.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the “Using Cleaner on
Fabric” instructions described earlier.
Instrument Panel
Vinyl
Interior Plastic Components
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. This
may have to be done more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt, and shoe polish will stain if
they are not removed quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap
or saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then,
let the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish, or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
5-76
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-81.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could
scratch the glass. When cleaning the glass on
your vehicle, use only a soft cloth and glass cleaner.
Care of Safety Belts
Washing Your Vehicle
Keep belts clean and dry.
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention, and durability.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash,
they might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather frequent application may be required.
See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Do not use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. GM-approved
cleaning products can be obtained from your dealer.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-81.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that does not have enough
clearance for the wide rear tires and wheels, you
could damage your vehicle. Verify with the manager
of the car wash that your vehicle will fit before
entering the car wash or use a touchless car wash.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
the vehicle.
5-77
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under Washing Your Vehicle on
page 5-77.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-81.
If your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish
may damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
5-78
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with water is all that is usually
needed. However, you may use chrome polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid damaging
protective trim, never use auto or chrome polish,
steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum. A coating of
wax, rubbed to high polish, is recommended for all
bright metal parts.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap, or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
The vehicle may be equipped with either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a glass
cleaning liquid or powder and water solution. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when it is rinsed
with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with mild
soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After rinsing
thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax may then
be applied.
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or cleaners
that contain acid on aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels, you could damage the surface of the
wheel(s). The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Use only GM-approved cleaners on
aluminum or chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum wheels
could damage the wheels. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Use chrome polish on
chrome wheels only.
5-79
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide tire
cleaning brushes, you could damage the aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Never drive a vehicle
equipped with aluminum or chrome-plated wheels
through an automatic car wash that uses silicone
carbide tire cleaning brushes.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair
expense.
Tires
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your GM dealer. Larger areas
of finish damage can be corrected in your GM
dealer’s body and paint shop.
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
5-80
Underbody Maintenance
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan,
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your GM dealer or an underbody car washing system
can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on the vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the
paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Description
Usage
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Removes tar, road oil,
and asphalt.
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl.
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
and wipe off.
5-81
Description
Usage
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches, and other light
surface contamination.
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Cleans, shines, and
protects in one step.
No wiping necessary.
Wash Wax Concentrate
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans
and lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Spot Lifter
Quickly removes
spots and stains from
carpets, vinyl, and
cloth upholstery.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12.
5-82
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
Electrical System
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine
code. This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Service Parts Identification Label
You will find this label on the inside of the glove box.
It is very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label, you will find the following:
•
•
•
•
VIN
Model designation
Paint information
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first.
Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing
Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-51.
Production options and special equipment
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Headlamps
The headlamp wiring is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off.
If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
5-83
Windshield Wiper Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow or ice, the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
If the overload is caused by some electrical problem,
be sure to get it fixed.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
5-84
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure
you replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle
that you can get along without — like the radio or
cigarette lighter — and use its fuse, if it is the correct
amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
Floor Console Fuse Block
The floor console fuse
block is located on
the console between
the two seats, on the
passenger’s side.
To remove the fuse block cover and access the fuses,
do the following:
1. Move the passenger’s seat all the way forward and
tilt the seatback forward. See Power Seats on
page 1-2 and Seatback Latches on page 1-6 for
more information.
2. Pull the handle on the fuse block cover toward you
and then slide it to the side. You will then be able
to remove the cover completely.
3. To reinstall the cover, slide it to the side until it is
lined up with the access hole. Then, push on the
fuse panel cover until it latches into place.
5-85
Fuses
5-86
Usage
03
Rear Window Defogger
04
Truck Body Controller
05
Rear Window Defogger
06
Driver Seat Module
07
Truck Body Controller
09
Blank
10
Driver’s Door Module, Power Mirrors
11
Amplifier
12
Blank
13
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
14
Driver’s Side Rear Parking Lamp
16
Center High-Mounted Stop Lamp
17
Passenger’s Side Rear
Parking Lamp
19
Blank
20
Blank
21
Locks
22
Blank
23
Blank
25
Blank
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
Usage
26
Blank
47
Ignition
27
HomeLink® System
48
Blank
28
Roof Door Module
49
Blank
29
Transmission Control Module
50
Truck Body Controller, Ignition
31
Truck Body Controller
51
Brakes
32
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
52
Blank
33
Windshield Wipers
34
Stoplamps
35
Blank
18
Locks
36
Climate Control System,
Driver’s Door Unlock
24
Unlock
37
Front Parking Lamps
30
Parking Lamps
38
Driver’s Side Turn Signal
45
Rear Window Defogger,
Outside Power Heated Mirrors
39
Climate Control System
40
Truck Body Controller
41
Radio
42
Trailer Parking Lamps
01
Roof & Door Module
43
Passenger’s Side Turn Signal
02
Roof Pump
44
Blank
08
Power Seats
46
Accessory Power Outlets
Relays
Usage
Circuit
Breakers
Usage
5-87
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The fuse block is located
under the hood in the
engine compartment on
the driver’s side of
the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
5-88
To remove the fuse block cover and access the fuses,
do the following:
1. To remove the primary fuse block cover, press in
on the two locking tabs and then lift the cover off.
2. Lift up on the secondary cover to remove it.
3. Reverse the steps to reinstall the covers.
Fuses
Fuses
Usage
Usage
8
Truck Body Controller
9
Windshield Washer
10
Driver’s Side Stoplamp/Turn Signals
11
Fuel Pump
12
Fog Lamps
13
Stoplamps
14
Headlamp Driver Module (HDM)
15
Passenger’s Side Stoplamp/Turn
Signals
16
Cigarette Lighter
Hazard Warning Flashers
1
Auxiliary Power 2
17
2
Passenger’s Side High Beam
Headlamp
18
Coils
19
Truck Body Control, Ignition 1
3
Passenger’s Side Low Beam
Headlamp
20
Starter
21
Airbag System
22
Horn
23
Ignition E
24
Instrument Panel Cluster,
Driver Information Center (DIC)
4
Driver’s Side High Beam Headlamp
5
Driver’s Side Low Beam Headlamp
6
Cargo Cover Release
7
Transmission Control
Module/Canister
5-89
Fuses
25
5-90
Usage
Automatic Transmission Shift
Interlock Control System
Relays
Usage
42
Powertrain
43
Starter
44
Fuel Pump
45
Cargo Cover Release
46
Windshield Washer
47
Headlamp Driver Module (HDM)
26
Back-up lamps, Lock Out
27
Engine Control Module
28
Oxygen Sensor B
29
Injector B
30
Air Conditioning
48
Fog Lamps
31
Engine Control Module (ECM),
Transmission Control Module (TCM)
49
High Beam Headlamps
32
Transmission
50
Horn
33
Engine 1
51
Air Conditioning
34
Engine Control Module,
Electronic Brake Controller
35
Oxygen Sensor A
36
Injector A
37
Engine Cooling Fan
38
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
39
Ignition A
40
Climate Control Fan
41
Ignition B
Miscellaneous
52
Usage
Instrument Panel Battery
Relay Center
There is a relay center located in the area where the
convertible top is stored when it is open. To access the
relay center, do the following:
2. Locate the water-tight box that houses the relay
center and remove the four nuts that secure the
cover to the backside of the passenger
compartment.
1. Open the convertible top until the roof tonneau and
the boot cover panel are upright so that you can
reach into the convertible top storage area as
shown. See Lowering the Convertible Top on
page 2-53 for more information.
3. Press in the tabs on the sides of the cover and lift
to remove the cover.
5-91
Following is a list of
relays contained in
the relay center.
4. Locate the relay center inside the box. It is located
toward the driver’s side of the vehicle.
5. Press in the tabs at each end of the relay center
cover and lift to remove.
6. Reverse the steps to reinstall the relay center cover
and close the water-tight box.
Relays
e
Driver’s Door Lock
RT DRL
Passenger’s Side Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL)
LT DRL
Driver’s Side Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL)
=
5-92
Usage
Rear Window Defogger
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Refer to Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-12 for more information.
Capacities
Application
English
1.27 lbs
13.7 quarts
6.0 quarts
25.0 gallons
Metric
Air conditioning Refrigerant R134a
.575 kg
Cooling System
13.0 L
Engine Oil with Filter
5.7 L
Fuel Tank
94.6 L
Rear Axle
8.6 (Automatic)
2.1 quarts
2.0 L
9.5 (Manual)
2.7 quarts
2.6 L
Transmission
Automatic
5.0 quarts
4.7 L
Manual
3.71 quarts
3.5 L
Wheel Nut Torque
100 ft lb
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding fluids, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck the fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
Engine
6.0L V8
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
H
Automatic
Manual
0.040 inches (1.01 mm)
5-93
✍ NOTES
5-94
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-3
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-8
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-9
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year .....................................6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-12
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-14
Maintenance Record .....................................6-15
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids
and lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep your vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?
The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet
or your dealer for details.
6-2
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also helps
the environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even affect
the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid levels
or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of
emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do not know
exactly how you will drive it. You may drive very
short distances only a few times a week. Or you may
drive long distances all the time in very hot, dusty
weather. You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle
can be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs,
you can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench® dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-29.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-5.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your GM
Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
6-3
If you want to purchase service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it and what
you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-14. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the change engine oil light comes on, it means
that service is required for your vehicle. Have your
vehicle serviced as soon as possible within the next
600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are
driving under the best conditions, the engine oil life
system may not indicate that vehicle service is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil
and filter must be changed at least once a year and
at this time the system must be reset. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer has GM-trained service technicians
who will perform this work using genuine GM parts
and reset the system.
6-4
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil Life System on page 5-16 for information on
the Engine Oil Life System and resetting the system.
When the change engine oil light appears, certain
services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally, it is
recommended that your first service be Maintenance I,
your second service be Maintenance II and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II thereafter.
However, in some cases, Maintenance II may be
required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the change
engine oil light comes on within 10 months since
the vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the light comes on 10 months
or more since the last service or if the light has not
come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 5-13. Reset oil
life system. See Engine Oil Life System on page 5-16. An Emission
Control Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (g).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-19. An Emission Control Service.
See footnotes † and (j).
•
Check tire inflation pressures and tire wear. See Tires on page 5-52.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid
as needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services”
in this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transmission fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose
or damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-19. An Emission Control
Service.
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter (severe service).
See footnote (h).
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter (normal service).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
•
Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
•
6-6
•
•
•
•
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Engine cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect other brake parts, including calipers,
parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts
or signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if
they are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect
all pipes, fittings and clamps; replace with genuine
GM parts as needed. To help ensure proper operation,
a pressure test of the cooling system and pressure
cap and cleaning the outside of the radiator and
air conditioning condenser is recommended at least
once a year.
6-7
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken airbag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced.
(The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, all body door and
fuel door hinges, latches and locks, including glove box
and console doors, hood assembly, secondary latch,
pivots, spring anchor, release pawl and any moving seat
hardware. More frequent lubrication may be required
when exposed to a corrosive environment. Applying
silicone grease on weatherstrips with a clean cloth will
make them last longer, seal better and not stick or
squeak.
(g) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
6-8
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. This service
can be complex; you should have your dealer perform
this service. See Engine Coolant on page 5-26 for
what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and filler neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressure cap.
(j) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, inspect
the filter at each engine oil change.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench® dealer can assist
you with these checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inspection and Inflation Check
At Each Fuel Fill
Visually inspect your tires for wear and make sure
tires are inflated to the correct pressures. See Tires
on page 5-52 for further details.
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
At Least Once a Year
Engine Oil Level Check
Starter Switch Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for further
details.
{CAUTION:
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-26 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the
regular brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-23
if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
6-9
3. On automatic transmission vehicles, try to start
the engine in each gear. The starter should
work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the
starter works in any other position, contact your
GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
On manual transmission vehicles, put the shift lever
in NEUTRAL, push the clutch down halfway and try
to start the engine. The starter should work only
when the clutch is pushed down all the way to the
floor. If the starter works when the clutch is not
pushed all the way down, contact your GM
Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-23 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to RUN, but do
not start the engine. Without applying the regular
brake, try to move the shift lever out of PARK (P)
with normal effort. If the shift lever moves out of
PARK (P), contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer
for service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition to OFF in each shift lever position.
• With an automatic transmission, the ignition should
{CAUTION:
turn to OFF only when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in OFF.
• With a manual transmission, the key should come
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
6-10
out only in OFF.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission Park (P) Mechanism Check
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release the parking brake followed by the regular
brake.
{CAUTION:
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set
the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from
the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
6-11
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Engine Oil
6-12
Fluid/Lubricant
The engine requires a special
engine oil meeting GM Standard
GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard may be identified as
synthetic, and should also be
identified with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol.
However, not all synthetic API oils
with the starburst symbol will meet
this GM standard. You should
look for and use only an oil that
meets GM Standard GM4718M.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all
the requirements for your vehicle.
For the proper viscosity, see
Engine Oil on page 5-13.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
50/50 mixture of clean,
and use only
Engine Coolant drinkable water
DEX-COOL® Coolant. See
Engine Coolant on page 5-26.
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent
Hydraulic
Clutch System
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345347,
in Canada 10953517) or equivalent
DOT-3 brake fluid.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
in Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184,
System
in Canada 89021186).
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Usage
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Fluid/Lubricant
Manual
Transmission
SAE 75W-90 Gear Oil
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021806,
in Canada 89021807).
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid. Look for
“Approved for the H-Specification”
on the label.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Hood and Door Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Hinges, Fuel
Part No. U.S. 12346241,
Filler Door and (GM
Folding Seats in Canada 10953474).
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in
Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Tailgate Handle
Pivot Points, Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Hinges, Latch (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
Bolt and
in Canada 10953474).
Linkage
Rear Axle
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic
Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
in Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Synthetic Grease with
Teflon, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12371287,
in Canada 10953437).
6-13
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your GM dealer.
GM® Part Number
ACDelco® Part Number
Automatic Transmission Filter Kit
24208576
—
Engine Air Cleaner
15106528
—
Engine Oil Filter
88984215
PF46
Spark Plugs
12571164
41-985
Driver’s Side — 20 inches (500 mm)
88958162
—
Passenger’s Side — 19 inches (475 mm)
88958166
—
Part
Windshield Wiper Blades
6-14
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and
the type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2. Any additional
information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 can be added on the following record pages. You should
retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-15
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-17
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-18
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance and Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ................7-6
Roadside Assistance Program ..........................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-8
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders .........................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..........................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .........................................7-11
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-12
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or title, or the
plate at the top left of the instrument panel and
visible through the windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
(kilometers).
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business
Bureaus to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle
repairs or the interpretation of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Although you may be required to
resort to this informal dispute resolution program prior
to filing a court action, use of the program is free of
charge and your case will generally be heard within
40 days. If you do not agree with the decision given in
your case, you may reject it and proceed with any other
venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage, and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
7-3
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. Specific vehicle information can be found in
one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual (United States only).
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members (United States only).
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes
to write to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to
Chevrolet’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States — Customer Assistance
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
7-5
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
This program, available to qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000 toward eligible aftermarket
driver’s or passenger’s adaptive equipment you may
require for your vehicle, such as hand controls and
wheelchair/scooter lifts.
The offer is available for a limited period of time
from the date of vehicle purchase/lease. For more
details, or to determine your vehicle’s eligibility, visit
gmmobility.com or call the GM Mobility Assistance
Center at 1-800-323-9935. Text telephone (TTY) users,
call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
Roadside Assistance Program
As the owner of a new Chevrolet vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you
drive in the city or travel the open road. Call
Chevrolet’s Roadside Assistance at 1-800-CHEV-USA,
(1-800-243-8872) 24 hours a day, 365 days a year
to speak with a Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
representative.
We will provide the following services during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period, at no expense
to you:
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel
($5 maximum) for the customer to get to the
nearest service station.
• Lock-out Service (identification required):
Replacement keys or locksmith service will
be covered at no charge if you are unable to gain
entry into your vehicle. Delivery of the replacement
key will be covered within 10 miles (16 km).
• Emergency Tow: Tow to the nearest
dealership for warranty service or in the event of
a vehicle-disabling accident. Assistance provided
when the vehicle is mired in sand, mud, or snow.
7-6
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of a spare tire will be
covered at no charge. The customer is responsible
for the repair or replacement of the tire if not
covered by a warrantable failure.
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which require a
battery jump start will be covered at no charge.
• Dealer Locator Service
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Chevrolet’s Bumper-to-Bumper warranty.
However, when other services are utilized, our Roadside
Assistance Representatives will explain any payment
obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following to the Roadside Assistance
Representative:
• Your name, home address, and home
telephone number.
•
•
•
•
Telephone number of your location.
Location of the vehicle.
While we hope you never have the occasion to use
our service, it is added security while traveling for
you and your family. Remember, we are only a
phone call away. Chevrolet Roadside Assistance:
1-800-CHEV-USA (1-800-234-8872), text telephone
(TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438.
Chevrolet reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in
Chevrolet’s judgement, the claims become excessive
in frequency or type of occurrence.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Chevrolet reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at
any time without notification.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
roadside assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
Model, year, color, and license plate number.
Mileage, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN),
and delivery date of the vehicle.
• Description of the problem.
7-7
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem
is safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
7-8
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait, Chevrolet
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way or round trip shuttle service to a destination up
to 10 miles (16 km) from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement of up to a five-day maximum may be
available for the use of public transportation such as a
taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses of up to a five-day maximum
may be available. Claim amounts should reflect actual
costs and be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
that you obtain if your vehicle is kept for a warranty
repair. Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum
of $30.00 a day and must be supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and
may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible for
fuel usage charges and may also be responsible for
taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or
rental usage beyond the completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
GM dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact your GM dealer for specific information
about availability. All Courtesy Transportation
arrangements will be administered by appropriate
dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is
not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A separate
booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information” furnished with each new vehicle provides
detailed warranty coverage information.
7-9
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s performance.
Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle computers to monitor
emission control components to optimize fuel economy,
to monitor conditions for airbag deployment and, if so
equipped, to provide anti-lock braking and to help the
driver control the vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions;
other information is stored only in a crash event by
computer systems, such as those commonly called event
data recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the Airbag
Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in your vehicle
may record information about the condition of the vehicle
and how it was operated, such as data related to engine
speed, brake application, throttle position, vehicle speed,
safety belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag performance,
and the severity of a collision. This information has been
used to improve vehicle crash performance and may be
used to improve crash performance of future vehicles
and driving safety. Unlike the data recorders on many
airplanes, these on-board systems do not record sounds,
such as conversation of vehicle occupants.
7-10
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the device that stores
the data is required. GM will not access information
about a crash event or share it with others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you will notify
General Motors. Please call the Chevrolet Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
7-11
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Service Manuals
Owner’s Information
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments, and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
7-12
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc.
on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-13
✍ NOTES
7-14
A
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-18
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-83
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-19
Air Compressor .............................................. 5-70
Air Conditioning .............................................. 3-20
Airbag
Off Light ..................................................... 3-28
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-27
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) .... 7-10
Airbag System ................................................ 1-38
Airbag Off Switch ........................................ 1-47
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ...................... 1-45
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......... 1-51
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ...................... 1-45
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .... 1-46
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................... 1-43
Where Are the Airbags? ............................... 1-41
Antenna, Integrated Windshield ......................... 3-83
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ........................... 4-6
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-31
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-74
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels .............. 5-79
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-77
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-81
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .................... 5-78
Fabric/Carpet .............................................. 5-74
Finish Care ................................................. 5-78
Appearance Care (cont.)
Finish Damage ............................................
Glass Surfaces ............................................
Instrument Panel .........................................
Interior Plastic Components ...........................
Leather ......................................................
Sheet Metal Damage ...................................
Tires ..........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................
Vinyl ..........................................................
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ........................
Ashtrays ........................................................
Audio System(s) .............................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................
Care of Your CD Player ...............................
Care of Your CDs ........................................
Integrated Windshield Antenna .......................
Radio with CD ............................................
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................
Setting the Time ..........................................
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................
Understanding Radio Reception .....................
Automatic Headlamp System ............................
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
Auxiliary Gage Package ...................................
5-80
5-76
5-76
5-76
5-76
5-80
5-80
5-81
5-81
5-76
5-77
5-77
5-79
3-19
3-58
3-82
3-83
3-83
3-83
3-59
3-71
3-59
3-82
3-83
3-14
5-21
2-19
3-40
1
B
C
Battery .......................................................... 5-38
Run-Down Protection ................................... 3-17
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-21
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ........................ 4-6
Emergencies ................................................ 4-8
Parking ...................................................... 2-23
System Warning Light .................................. 3-30
Brakes .......................................................... 5-35
Braking ........................................................... 4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-8
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-15
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-44
Back-Up Lamps ........................................... 5-49
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps ......................................... 5-46
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-44
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 5-44
Headlamps ................................................. 5-44
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 5-49
Taillamps .................................................... 5-48
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-61
California Fuel .................................................. 5-6
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Capacities and Specifications ............................ 5-93
Carbon Monoxide ................... 2-11, 2-26, 4-24, 4-35
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-77
Your CD Player ........................................... 3-83
Your CDs ................................................... 3-83
Cargo Cover .................................................. 2-36
Cargo Net System .......................................... 2-42
Cargo Tie Downs ............................................ 2-39
Center Console Storage Area ........................... 2-35
Center Console Switchbank .............................. 3-18
Chains, Tire ................................................... 5-66
Charging System Light .................................... 3-29
Check
Engine Light ............................................... 3-32
Gages Warning Light ................................... 3-38
Checking Things Under the Hood ...................... 5-10
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................... 5-81
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................... 1-24
Infants and Young Children ........................... 1-22
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) .......................... 1-30
2
Child Restraints (cont.)
Older Children .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ...................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Passenger
Seat Position ...........................................
Top Strap ...................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................
Cigarette Lighter .............................................
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ..............
Exterior Lamps/Lenses .................................
Fabric/Carpet ..............................................
Finish Care .................................................
Glass Surfaces ............................................
Instrument Panel .........................................
Interior Plastic Components ...........................
Leather ......................................................
Tires ..........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Vinyl ..........................................................
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ........................
Climate Control System ...................................
Outlet Adjustment ........................................
Clutch, Hydraulic .............................................
1-19
1-32
1-34
1-28
1-29
3-19
5-79
5-78
5-74
5-78
5-76
5-76
5-76
5-76
5-80
5-81
5-76
5-77
5-77
5-79
3-20
3-22
5-25
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................... 2-13
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-5
Convertible Top .............................................. 2-51
Lowering the Convertible Top ........................ 2-53
Raising the Convertible Top .......................... 2-54
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-32
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-28
Cooling System .............................................. 5-30
Cruise Control Lever ......................................... 3-9
Cruise Control Light ........................................ 3-37
Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-35
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-8
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ............... 7-6
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ........................................ 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government .............................. 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ......................... 7-11
Roadside Assistance Program ......................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-12
3
D
Daytime Running Lamps .................................. 3-14
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-4
Door
Locks .......................................................... 2-9
Power Door Locks ....................................... 2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-12
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-42
DIC Controls and Displays ............................ 3-42
DIC Vehicle Personalization .......................... 3-52
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-45
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-15
City ........................................................... 4-19
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunken ....................................................... 4-3
Freeway ..................................................... 4-20
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-22
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-16
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ................. 4-28
Winter ........................................................ 4-24
4
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ......................................
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ...................
Floor Console Fuse Block .............................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
Headlamps .................................................
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......
Relay Center ..............................................
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter .........................................
Battery .......................................................
Change Engine Oil Light ...............................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............
Coolant ......................................................
Coolant Temperature Gage ...........................
Cover ........................................................
Engine Compartment Overview ......................
Exhaust .....................................................
Oil .............................................................
Overheating ................................................
Reduced Power Light ...................................
Speed Limiter .............................................
Starting ......................................................
5-83
5-88
5-85
5-84
5-83
5-84
5-91
5-84
5-19
5-38
3-37
3-32
5-26
3-32
5-18
5-12
2-26
5-13
5-28
3-38
3-26
2-17
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ............................
Exit Lighting ...................................................
Extender, Safety Belt .......................................
Exterior Lamps ...............................................
7-10
3-17
1-19
3-12
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-19
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-80
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-8
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-66
Floor Tracks ................................................... 2-40
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ................................ 5-21
Manual Transmission .................................... 5-24
Power Steering ........................................... 5-33
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-34
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-15
Fuel ............................................................... 5-5
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-6
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-10
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-8
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-7
Gage ......................................................... 3-39
Fuel (cont.)
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-5
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Fuses
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ................... 5-88
Floor Console Fuse Block ............................. 5-85
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-84
Relay Center .............................................. 5-91
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-84
G
Gage
Auxiliary Package ........................................ 3-40
Check Gages Warning Light .......................... 3-38
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-32
Fuel .......................................................... 3-39
Oil Pressure ............................................... 3-36
Speedometer .............................................. 3-25
Tachometer ................................................. 3-26
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-30
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-5
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-35
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program .................. 7-6
5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-5
Headlamp
Aiming ....................................................... 5-44
Headlamps .................................................... 5-44
Automatic Headlamp System ......................... 3-14
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-44
Daytime Running Lamps ............................... 3-14
Electrical System ......................................... 5-83
Flash-to-Pass ............................................... 3-8
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and Parking
Lamps .................................................... 5-46
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-44
High/Low Beam Changer ................................ 3-8
On Reminder .............................................. 3-13
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-4
Heater ........................................................... 3-20
Highbeam On Light ......................................... 3-38
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-21
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-22
HomeLink® Transmitter .................................... 2-30
HomeLink® Transmitter, Programming ................ 2-31
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-6
6
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-12
Hydraulic Clutch ............................................. 5-25
I
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-16
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-22
Inflation -- Tire Pressure .................................. 5-58
Inflator Kit, Tire ............................................... 5-68
Instrument Panel
Brightness .................................................. 3-16
Cluster ....................................................... 3-24
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Storage Area .............................................. 2-35
Integrated Windshield Antenna .......................... 3-83
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-16
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-38
K
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-5
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Labelling, Tire Sidewall .................................... 5-53
Lamps
Battery Run-Down Protection ......................... 3-17
Exterior ...................................................... 3-12
Fog ........................................................... 3-15
Interior ....................................................... 3-16
Map .......................................................... 3-17
LATCH System
Child Restraints ........................................... 1-30
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System .............................. 1-32
Latches, Seatback ............................................ 1-6
Light
Airbag Off .................................................. 3-28
Airbag Readiness ........................................ 3-27
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ................... 3-31
Brake System Warning ................................. 3-30
Change Engine Oil ...................................... 3-37
Charging System ......................................... 3-29
Check Gages Warning ................................. 3-38
Cruise Control ............................................. 3-37
Highbeam On ............................................. 3-38
Malfunction Indicator .................................... 3-32
Reduced Engine Power ................................ 3-38
Safety Belt Reminder ................................... 3-26
Security ..................................................... 3-37
TCS Warning Light ...................................... 3-31
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-31
Lighting
Exit ........................................................... 3-17
Perimeter ................................................... 3-17
Theater Dimming ......................................... 3-17
Locks
Door ........................................................... 2-9
Power Door ................................................ 2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-13
Lowering the Convertible Top ............................ 2-53
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................... 6-9
At Least Once a Month .................................. 6-9
At Least Once a Year .................................... 6-9
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-7
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-15
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-14
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-8
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-12
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-3
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-32
7
Manual Transmission
Fluid .......................................................... 5-24
Operation ................................................... 2-21
Map Lamps .................................................... 3-17
Map Pocket ................................................... 2-35
Memory Seat ................................................. 2-59
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-45
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with HomeLink® ....................................... 2-28
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................ 2-28
Outside Automatic Dimming Heated Mirror ...... 2-30
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-29
Outside Power Heated Mirrors ....................... 2-29
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-4
N
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-15
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-14
O
Odometer ...................................................... 3-25
Odometer, Trip ............................................... 3-25
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-12
8
Oil
Change Engine Oil Light ............................... 3-37
Engine ....................................................... 5-13
Pressure Gage ............................................ 3-36
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-19
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-4
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-5
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-22
Outside
Automatic Dimming Heated Mirror .................. 2-30
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-29
Power Heated Mirrors .................................. 2-29
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-8
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
P
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................
Shifting Out of ............................................
Parking
Brake ........................................................
Over Things That Burn .................................
Parking Your Vehicle .......................................
Passenger Position, Safety Belts .......................
Passing .........................................................
Passlock® ......................................................
Perimeter Lighting ...........................................
2-24
2-25
2-23
2-26
2-25
1-19
4-12
2-15
3-17
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-18
Door Locks ................................................. 2-10
Electrical System ......................................... 5-84
Reduced Engine Light .................................. 3-38
Retained Accessory (RAP) ............................ 2-17
Seat ............................................................ 1-2
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-33
Windows .................................................... 2-12
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-10
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter ........... 2-31
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-11
R
Radios ..........................................................
Care of Your CD Player ...............................
Care of Your CDs ........................................
Radio with CD ............................................
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................
Setting the Time ..........................................
Theft-Deterrent ............................................
Understanding Reception ..............................
Raising the Convertible Top ..............................
3-58
3-83
3-83
3-59
3-71
3-59
3-82
3-83
2-54
Rear Axle ...................................................... 5-43
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming Rearview
Mirror with HomeLink® ................................. 2-28
Rearview Mirrors ............................................. 2-28
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-34
Reduced Engine Power Light ............................ 3-38
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-6
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-49
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-11
General Motors ........................................... 7-11
United States Government ............................ 7-11
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-51
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .......................................... 1-52
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-51
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-52
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-17
Roadside
Assistance Program ....................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .................... 4-28
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-27
9
S
Safety Belt
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-26
Safety Belts
Care of ...................................................... 5-77
Driver Position ............................................ 1-12
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-12
Passenger Position ...................................... 1-19
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ..... 1-11
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-19
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-18
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ......................... 1-6
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seatback Latches ............................................. 1-6
Seats
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-4
Memory ..................................................... 2-59
Power Seats ................................................. 1-2
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-4
Seatback Latches .......................................... 1-6
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-32
Passenger Seat Position ............................... 1-34
Security Light ................................................. 3-37
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle .......................................... 5-5
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-4
10
Service (cont.)
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-32
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-12
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .............. 1-51
Setting the Time ............................................. 3-59
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-80
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-24
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-25
Side-Saddle Storage ....................................... 2-47
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .......................... 3-7
Specifications, Capacities ................................. 5-93
Speedometer .................................................. 3-25
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-17
Steering ........................................................ 4-10
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ......................... 3-82
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ................................. 3-6
Storage
Side-Saddle ................................................ 2-47
Storage Areas
Cargo Net System ....................................... 2-42
Center Console Storage Area ........................ 2-35
Cupholder(s) ............................................... 2-35
Glove Box .................................................. 2-35
Instrument Panel Storage Area ...................... 2-35
Map Pocket ................................................ 2-35
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...................... 4-28
Sun Visors ..................................................... 2-13
Switchbanks
Center Console ........................................... 3-18
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-26
Tailgate ......................................................... 2-11
Taillamps ....................................................... 5-48
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-31
Theater Dimming ............................................ 3-17
Theft-Deterrent, Radio ..................................... 3-82
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-13
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 2-13
Passlock® ................................................... 2-15
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-6
Tires ............................................................. 5-52
Air Compressor ........................................... 5-70
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels,
Cleaning ................................................. 5-79
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-61
Chains ....................................................... 5-66
Cleaning .................................................... 5-80
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-66
Inflation -- Tire Pressure ............................... 5-58
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-60
Tire Inflator Kit ............................................ 5-68
Tire Sidewall Labelling .................................. 5-53
Tire Terminology and Definitions .................... 5-55
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-62
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-63
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-63
Tires (cont.)
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-60
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-28
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................... 1-29
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-34
Towing a Trailer .......................................... 4-35
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-34
Traction
Control System (TCS) .................................... 4-8
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-31
Trailer
Recommendations ....................................... 4-35
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-21
Fluid, Manual .............................................. 5-24
Transmission Operation, Automatic .................... 2-19
Transmission Operation, Manual ........................ 2-21
Trip Odometer ................................................ 3-25
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-6
U
Understanding Radio Reception ........................ 3-83
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-62
11
V
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-5
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Parking Your ............................................... 2-25
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders .................................................. 7-10
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-82
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-83
Vehicle Personalization
DIC ........................................................... 3-52
Memory Seat .............................................. 2-59
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-22
Visors ........................................................... 2-13
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-63
Replacement ............................................... 5-63
Windows ....................................................... 2-11
Power ........................................................ 2-12
Windshield
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ................................ 5-79
Windshield Washer ........................................... 3-9
Fluid .......................................................... 5-34
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-50
Fuses ........................................................ 5-84
Windshield Wipers ......................................... 3-8
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-24
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-23
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-45
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-5
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-5
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
12