July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer
User Guide
Doble Engineering Company
85 Walnut Street
Watertown, Massachusetts 02472-4037
(USA)
PN 500-0110
72A-1230 Rev. F
Copyright © 2000
By Doble Engineering Company
All Rights Reserved.
This Manual is the sole property of the Doble Engineering Company (Doble)
and is provided for the exclusive use of Doble Clients under contractual
agreement for Doble Test Equipment and Services.
In no event does the Doble Engineering Company assume the liability for any
technical or editorial errors of commission, or omission; nor is Doble liable for
direct, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or
inability to use this Manual.
Government Restricted Rights Legend: Use, duplication, or disclosure by the
U.S. Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraphs (c)(1)
and (c)(2) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights Clause at
FAR 52.227-19.
This manual is protected by copyright, all rights reserved, and no part hereof
may be photocopied or reproduced in any form without prior written consent
of the Doble Engineering Company.
Copyright © 2000
By Doble Engineering Company
All Rights Reserved.
Preface
Structure of this Manual
This manual consists of 4 chapters and 4 appendices.
“Introduction” introduces the functions and
architecture of the M4000 Insulation Analyzer, as well
as important safety considerations for its use.
Chapter 2
“M4000 Software” provides an overview of M4000
software and its installation.
Chapter 3
“Running M4000 Tests” describes procedures for
executing specimen tests.
Chapter 4
“M4100 Instrument Troubleshooting” provides initial
steps in troubleshooting problems and isolating a
problem to either the M4100 or M4200c.
Appendix A
“M4000 Components Lists” describes accessories
included with the M4000 Insulation Analyzer.
Appendix B
“Warranty” provides Doble warranty provisions
applicable to the M4000.
Appendix C
“Error Messages” lists error message numbers and
descriptions.
Appendix D
“Part Numbers” lists the M4000 Insulation Analyzer
part numbers.
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
Chapter 1
i
Conventions Used in this Manual
The following terms and typographical conventions are used in the manual:
Convention
Description
Windows
Refers to the Microsoft Windows operating system,
Version 98 or later.
Click
Quickly press and release the left mouse button.
Double-click
Quickly press and release the left mouse button twice
without moving the mouse.
Select
Position the cursor on the desired option and click the
left mouse button once. Or, highlight the desired
option using the arrow keys and press ENTER. Or, press
ALT and the underlined letter.
Press
Type a single keyboard key. For example, press ENTER.
FN+(appropriate key) Press and hold the FN key, and press (appropriate
key).
July 22, 2005
Bold Courier Text
ii
Indicates characters to be typed.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Measurement Principles ..................................................................................................................... 1-1
Safety .................................................................................................................................................. 1-1
M4000 Components ........................................................................................................................... 1-2
M4100 Instrument ........................................................................................................................ 1-2
M4200c Controller ....................................................................................................................... 1-5
Third-Party Controller.................................................................................................................. 1-7
M4000 Software ........................................................................................................................... 1-7
Optional M4150 And M4151 Field Calibration References ........................................................ 1-7
Doble Standard Turns Ratio Capacitor ........................................................................................ 1-8
External Reference ....................................................................................................................... 1-8
M4300 Transport.......................................................................................................................... 1-8
Doble Test Assistant (DTA) Software ......................................................................................... 1-9
M4110 Leakage Reactance Interface ........................................................................................... 1-9
Operating with the M4300 Transport ............................................................................................... 1-10
Storage and Moving Mode ......................................................................................................... 1-10
Testing Mode.............................................................................................................................. 1-13
When Finished Testing............................................................................................................... 1-15
M4000 PC Cable ........................................................................................................................ 1-16
Transport, Storage and Shipping ...................................................................................................... 1-17
Transporting and Storing the M4000 ......................................................................................... 1-17
Shipping Instructions.................................................................................................................. 1-18
Safety Considerations ....................................................................................................................... 1-19
Definitions .................................................................................................................................. 1-19
Safety Practices – General Rules ............................................................................................... 1-20
Clearances .................................................................................................................................. 1-20
Grounding................................................................................................................................... 1-21
Personnel Safety ......................................................................................................................... 1-21
M4000 Connections ................................................................................................................... 1-22
M4000 Operation ....................................................................................................................... 1-23
M4000 Safety Features............................................................................................................... 1-23
Safety Precautions ...................................................................................................................... 1-25
Safety Precautions for Various Types of Apparatus .................................................................. 1-26
Safety Summary ......................................................................................................................... 1-28
72A-1230 Rev. F
1
July 22, 2005
1. Introduction
2. M4000 Software
July 22, 2005
Upgrading or Installing M4000 Software ........................................................................................... 2-1
Software Installation ........................................................................................................................... 2-1
M4000 Software ........................................................................................................................... 2-1
Doble Test Assistant (DTA) Software (Optional)........................................................................ 2-5
Optimization ....................................................................................................................................... 2-5
COM port Setting ......................................................................................................................... 2-5
Mouse Settings ............................................................................................................................. 2-5
Time/Date Format......................................................................................................................... 2-6
Introduction to M4000 Software......................................................................................................... 2-6
What’s New .................................................................................................................................. 2-6
The M4000 Program..................................................................................................................... 2-7
Icons.............................................................................................................................................. 2-7
Menu Bar ...................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Clipboard Test Mode .......................................................................................................................... 2-9
Menu Items ....................................................................................................................................... 2-11
Mode Menu................................................................................................................................. 2-11
Test Menu ................................................................................................................................... 2-11
Diagnostics ................................................................................................................................. 2-12
View Menu ................................................................................................................................. 2-12
Tools Menu................................................................................................................................. 2-12
Temperature Correction .................................................................................................................... 2-12
Configuration .................................................................................................................................... 2-13
System Configuration ................................................................................................................. 2-13
Clipboard Configuration............................................................................................................. 2-14
DTA Field Configuration ........................................................................................................... 2-16
Instrument Configuration ........................................................................................................... 2-18
Advanced Configuration............................................................................................................. 2-19
Using Help ........................................................................................................................................ 2-21
Contents ...................................................................................................................................... 2-21
About M4000 For Windows....................................................................................................... 2-22
Printer Setup ..................................................................................................................................... 2-22
Printing.............................................................................................................................................. 2-22
3. Running M4000 Tests
2
72A-1230 Rev. F
Entering Clipboard Information ......................................................................................................... 3-1
Nameplate Information ................................................................................................................ 3-1
Administrative Information.......................................................................................................... 3-2
Test Conditions ............................................................................................................................ 3-3
Test Results Information .................................................................................................................... 3-4
Running Single and Multiple Clipboard Tests ................................................................................... 3-6
Raising Test Voltage .................................................................................................................... 3-7
Test Results .................................................................................................................................. 3-8
Clearing Test Results ................................................................................................................. 3-10
Saving Test Results .................................................................................................................... 3-11
Graphing Test Results ................................................................................................................ 3-11
External Reference/Source Test (Optional Software) ...................................................................... 3-12
Running A UST Test.................................................................................................................. 3-12
Running a GST-Guard Test........................................................................................................ 3-14
Leakage Reactance Test (Optional Software) .................................................................................. 3-16
DTA Mode........................................................................................................................................ 3-17
DTA Tests......................................................................................................................................... 3-17
DTA Data Manager .......................................................................................................................... 3-18
Preparing for a DTA Test ................................................................................................................. 3-19
Starting a DTA Test.......................................................................................................................... 3-19
DTA Icons and Function Keys ......................................................................................................... 3-24
Using A Resonator............................................................................................................................ 3-25
Operating Procedure of Type C Resonating Inductor ................................................................ 3-26
General Description of Type C-1 Coupler - RIV Test Procedure .................................................... 3-28
4. M4100 Instrument Troubleshooting
Assigning A Trouble To The M4100 Instrument (Or The M4200c Controller) ................................ 4-1
Quick Checks ............................................................................................................................... 4-1
Troubleshooting Resources .......................................................................................................... 4-2
Isolating Trouble .......................................................................................................................... 4-3
Avoiding Problems....................................................................................................................... 4-4
Detailed Troubleshooting Of The M4100 Instrument........................................................................ 4-5
Overview of M4100............................................................................................................................ 4-7
Overview of Individual Replaceable Components............................................................................. 4-9
Troubleshooting from Symptoms..................................................................................................... 4-12
Troubleshooting from Error Messages ............................................................................................. 4-16
72A-1230 Rev. F
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July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
July 22, 2005
Troubleshooting from Diagnostics ................................................................................................... 4-21
Running Diagnostics................................................................................................................... 4-21
System Status.............................................................................................................................. 4-23
Calibration Verification.............................................................................................................. 4-26
Field Recalibration ..................................................................................................................... 4-31
Subsystem Diagnostics ............................................................................................................... 4-34
M4100 Component List.............................................................................................................. 4-38
Thermal Profile........................................................................................................................... 4-39
Communications Loopback Test ................................................................................................ 4-40
Running Other Tests ......................................................................................................................... 4-42
Checking the High Voltage Test Cable ...................................................................................... 4-42
Checking the Low Voltage Test Leads....................................................................................... 4-42
Checking M4100 Guard-to-Ground Insulation .......................................................................... 4-43
Checking Instrument Accuracy in the Field ............................................................................... 4-43
Voltage Verification ................................................................................................................... 4-44
Accessing M4100 Components ........................................................................................................ 4-46
Removing the Front and Top Covers ......................................................................................... 4-46
Removing the Card Cage Cover................................................................................................. 4-48
M4100 Internal Checks..................................................................................................................... 4-50
Fan Operation ............................................................................................................................. 4-50
Low-Voltage Power Checkout ................................................................................................... 4-51
Guard-to-Ground Shorting Problems ......................................................................................... 4-51
LVPS Fuses ................................................................................................................................ 4-52
W8/W9/W11 Cable Checkout .................................................................................................... 4-53
Orange Cable Checkout.............................................................................................................. 4-54
Transformer Checks ................................................................................................................... 4-54
W46 Cable Checkout.................................................................................................................. 4-55
4
72A-1230 Rev. F
Replacing M4100 Components ....................................................................................................... 4-56
Returning Replaced Components............................................................................................... 4-57
Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly................................................................. 4-58
Replacing the Guard Front Panel Board .................................................................................... 4-61
Replacing the Amplifier Assembly ............................................................................................ 4-63
Replacing the Guard Mode Switch Board.................................................................................. 4-66
Replacing the Timing Board ...................................................................................................... 4-68
Replacing the DSP/CPU Board.................................................................................................. 4-70
Replacing the Safety Board........................................................................................................ 4-72
Replacing the Main Reference Assembly .................................................................................. 4-74
Replacing the Guard Board ........................................................................................................ 4-76
Replacing the Low Voltage Power Supply Board ..................................................................... 4-78
Replacing the Heater/Temperature Controller Board ................................................................ 4-80
Replacing the Optional Field Calibration Reference ................................................................. 4-82
Replacing the I/O Protection Board ........................................................................................... 4-83
Replacing the Transformer......................................................................................................... 4-85
Replacing the HV Pothead ......................................................................................................... 4-91
Replacing the Fan Filter ............................................................................................................. 4-93
Replacing the Fan....................................................................................................................... 4-94
Appendix A. M4000 Components Lists
M4000 Insulation Analyzer ................................................................................................................A-1
Accessory Bag ....................................................................................................................................A-2
Documentation Bag ............................................................................................................................A-4
Appendix B. Warranty
RENTAL EQUIPMENT ....................................................................................................................B-1
PURCHASED EQUIPMENT ............................................................................................................B-1
Limited Warranty .........................................................................................................................B-1
Software Limited Warranty..........................................................................................................B-2
Limitations of Remedies ..............................................................................................................B-2
For Equipment Maintenance, Contact:.........................................................................................B-3
Appendix C. Error Messages
M4100 Instrument Run Time Error Messages ...................................................................................C-1
72A-1230 Rev. F
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July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
M4000 Firmware/Application Errors ................................................................................................ C-2
M4000 Communications Errors......................................................................................................... C-3
July 22, 2005
Appendix D. Part Numbers
6
72A-1230 Rev. F
1. Introduction
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer is used to determine the insulation quality of
high-voltage power apparatus in the field. This portable test set incorporates
automated Doble Testing with high accuracy and sensitivity, over a wide range
of values, and with minimal susceptibility to electrostatic interference and
noise.
The M4000 generates a 0-12 kV test signal with an internal sine wave
generator, a 3 kVA power amplifier and a step-up isolation transformer. The
M4000 then measures the voltage and current of the specimen and a reference
impedance by periodically sampling instantaneous values with an A/D
converter. The M4000 then calculates and reports test results by converting the
sampled data into vector (magnitude and phase) quantities and applying
conventional ac circuit theory. All reported results – including power loss,
power factor and capacitance – are derived from the vector voltage and
current.
The M4000 rejects interference through the judicious application of shielding,
line-synchronized reversal, and line frequency modulation (FM). The first two
techniques are similar to those employed in the earlier Doble M2H product
line. The FM technique involves running tests at sinusoidal frequencies 5% (or
even 10%, if necessary) above and below the line frequency and averaging the
results. The choice is user configurable.
The inevitable interference current component is removed from the sampled
data set before test results are calculated using synchronous detection. This is
a mathematical process that separates out a single frequency component in a
given signal. It is analogous to a bandpass filter centered at the test frequency.
Synchronous detection is also useful for removing harmonic distortion and
random noise in the test signal itself.
Safety
The M4000 is designed to drive grounded and ungrounded specimens at lethal
voltages and high power levels. Conventional ground-fault and currentlimiting schemes cannot be used to protect the operator under these test
conditions. Therefore, the M4000 implements special safety techniques to
minimize risk to the equipment operator.
72A-1230 Rev. F
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July 22, 2005
Measurement Principles
M4100 Instrument
Both an operator and safety supervisor must be present when specimens are
tested. Each person holds a safety switch that directly controls the output of
the power amplifier through redundant electromechanical relays. In addition,
the control processor can vote to disable the dc supply to the safety relay coils,
thereby disabling the amplifier output if certain conditions are not met.
NOTE
For greater safety details, see ”Safety Practices – General Rules”
on page 1-20.
M4000 Components
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer consists of the following components:
•
•
•
M4100 Instrument
M4200c Controller or Third-Party Controller
M4000 Software
The following auxiliary components are optional:
July 22, 2005
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
M4150 or M4151 Field Calibration Reference
M4300 Transport
Leakage Reactance Test Software
External Reference Test Software
DTA Software
M4110 Leakage Reactance Interface
M4120 External Reference Module
Doble Standard Turns Ratio Capacitor
Safety Strobe
Temperature and Humidity Probe
M4100 Instrument
The M4100 instrument supplies test voltage and test current to insulation
specimens. The M4100 instrument also contains measuring circuits to
determine the condition of the insulation under test, as well as direct control
safety circuits to ensure electrical safety of personnel and test apparatus.
The M4100 instrument has a time base generator that may be synchronized
either with the power system supplying power to the test instrument, or with
an internal crystal oscillator. This choice allows the test operator to select one
of two modes of test operation, Line Sync Reversal or Line Frequency
Modulation. When Line Sync Reversal Mode is selected, the time base is
synchronized to the power source and the test will use the standard Doble
1-2
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
polarity reversal technique to reverse the effects of electrostatic interference.
Selecting the Line Frequency Modulation Mode of operation will synchronize
the time base generator to the crystal oscillator. Two tests will be run for each
programmed test sequence. The first test is run at a frequency of 57 Hz and the
second test is run at 63 Hz. The measured test results of each test are combined
and averaged to give a 60 Hz equivalent test result. When operating in the 50
Hz frequency, the same technique will apply. The first test will run at 47 Hz,
and the second test will run at 53 Hz. This mode of test eliminates electrostatic
interference from measurement, by avoiding measurement at power line
frequency. It is also possible to select ± 10% of power line frequency as well.
•
•
The ground safety circuit verifies that the #6 bare copper safety
ground, which is attached from the instrument to the apparatus earth
ground, is at the same potential as the power supply ground.
Two safety switches must be attached to the M4100 instrument front
panel and in the closed or depressed position prior to testing. One
switch is held by the M4000 Insulation Analyzer operator and the
second switch is held by a safety supervisor. The M4100 can be
configured to require both switches to be opened between test
sequences for the M4000 Insulation Analyzer to operate. Release of
one or both switches will terminate the test sequence and high voltage
potential.
A safety strobe light can be used in conjunction with the instrument and is
plugged into the front panel of the M4100. Whenever high voltage potential is
applied from the M4100, the safety strobe light will be energized and flashing.
Safety strobe connection will be required in order to operate the M4000
Insulation Analyzer, unless the default system configuration has been
modified to allow for the absence of a safety strobe. In this case, the strobe
connector can be removed from the M4100 front panel.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-3
July 22, 2005
Safety circuits have been designed into the M4100 instrument to ensure safety
of personnel. High voltage will not be supplied by the instrument if either of
the following circuits and conditions are not satisfied:
M4100 Instrument
July 22, 2005
Figure 1.1 Safety Strobe
Two optional items found on the M4100 front panel are the M4151 Field
Calibration Reference, which will be discussed below, and a Temperature and
Relative Humidity sensor. The Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor
will process temperature and humidity readings at the time of test.
Front Panel
Figure 1.2 M4100 Instrument
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 1.3 M4200c Controller
•
•
•
•
72A-1230 Rev. F
The M4200c Controller is the interface between the operator and the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer. The color display, control, data storage,
printing and communication functions are all provided by the M4200c
Controller. This component is covered in detail in a separate manual.
The M4200c has been specifically designed and built to operate in
outdoor substations and other environments hostile to electronic test
equipment. The unit has been hardened to electrostatic discharge
(ESD) and radio frequency interference (RFI) to reduce or eliminate
their effects on internal electronic circuits.
The outer case of the M4200c is made of ABS plastic over an
aluminum chassis that makes it rugged and suitable for transporting to
remote sites.
The display is a six-inch by eight-inch color transflective liquid crystal
display (LCD) that runs in the VGA mode. The display has high
contrast in bright sunlight, and has backlight control for low ambient
light conditions. An LCD heater is installed to allow for use in cold
weather. An external monitor may be used in place of the LCD screen.
Access to the external display connector is found behind the access
door on the left side of the M4200c Controller.
1-5
July 22, 2005
M4200c Controller
M4200c Controller
•
The keyboard is a standard notebook-type keyboard with a flexible
skin around the keys to prevent dirt and moisture from contaminating
the internal electronics and causing failure of the keyboard. An
external keyboard may be used in place of this keyboard. Access to the
external keyboard connector is to the right of the video connector
behind the access door on the left hand side of the M4200c Controller.
Ext. Mouse
Ext. Monitor
Modem
Ext. Keyboard
July 22, 2005
LAN
USB
Figure 1.4 M4200c Controller External Connections
•
•
•
•
1-6
The M4200c has a pointer device installed below the keyboard on the
front panel to allow for the use of mouse control of the display cursor.
A port on the left-hand side of the M4200c allows for the use of an
external, serial mouse.
The M4200c has a built-in 200 dot per inch (dpi) graphic printer/
plotter. Paper for the printer/plotter is an uncoated thermal FAX paper
provided by Doble.
The M4200c is equipped with an internal FAX/Modem board that may
be used to transfer data when used with the optional Doble Test
Assistant (DTA) program.
The M4200c has a built in ethernet connection.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
•
•
The M4200c has a built in USB port.
Data may be stored on an internal hard drive or on a 3 1/2 - inch floppy
disk via the floppy disk drive located in the front of the controller.
Third-Party Controller
Certain PC’s using a Windows-based operating system available from other
suppliers can be used as a system controller in lieu of the M4200c controller.
These alternative machines can be used to control M4000 operations.
M4000 Software
Software provided with the M4200c or available to be loaded onto a ThirdParty Controller includes a program to run the M4000 Insulation Analyzer,
and if desired, the optional Leakage Reactance Test, External Reference Test,
and Doble Test Assistant (DTA) programs. For more information, refer to
Chapter 2.
The purpose of the M4150 and M4151 Field Calibration References are to
provide a means of obtaining System Status, Calibration Verification, and
Field Recalibration Tests of the M4100 instrument in the field. (For an
explanation of these tests, refer to ”Running Diagnostics” on page 4-21). The
Field Calibration Reference is mounted in the front panel of the M4100
instrument.
Figure 1.5 M4151 Field Calibration Reference
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July 22, 2005
Optional M4150 And M4151 Field Calibration References
Doble Standard Turns Ratio Capacitor
Doble Standard Turns Ratio Capacitor
This is an optional small portable capacitor that can be energized at 10 kV for
performing turns ratio tests at high voltages with the M4000.
Figure 1.6 Doble Turns Ratio Capacitor
July 22, 2005
External Reference
This is an optional feature allowing the tester to test apparatus at their full
operating voltage using the M4000, providing a suitable external power source
and reference are provided by the user.
M4300 Transport
The M4300 Transport is an option for the M4000 Insulation Analyzer that
provides a means to move and store the M4000 system. It is also a platform for
the field, from which the M4000 can be easily used and operated. Refer to
”Storage and Moving Mode” on page 1-10 and ”Testing Mode” on page 1-13.
If a PC is to be substituted for the Controller, a support panel to be mounted on
the Controller support frame can be supplied.
1-8
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July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 1.7 M4300 Transport
Doble Test Assistant (DTA) Software
Optional Doble Test Assistant® (DTA) software provides standardized
apparatus test procedures and templates, data management, and optional
expert system software for insulation condition assessment. See Chapters 2
and 3 for further details.
M4110 Leakage Reactance Interface
This optional interface contains the circuitry necessary to convert the voltage
and current, measured during a Leakage Reactance test on a transformer, into
a form that can be measured by the M4100 Instrument. It also contains a
variac so that the proper test voltage can be obtained. The Leakage Reactance
test cannot be made without either this Interface or the M4130 Leakage
Reactance Module, and the accompanying software.
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1-9
Storage and Moving Mode
July 22, 2005
When using this interface, the standard M4000 safety switch and safety strobe
are used. The necessary current and voltage cables are provided for connection
to the transformer, along with the necessary software, so that this becomes a
self-contained kit for this test. The user is only limited by the size of the variac
provided.
Figure 1.8 M4110 Leakage Reactance Interface
Operating with the M4300 Transport
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer is designed to be assembled on the M4300
Transport for storage, moving, and testing. When the M4000 is used with the
M4300 Transport, it can be set up in the following modes:
•
•
Storage and Moving Mode
Testing Mode
Storage and Moving Mode
The storage and moving mode will allow the user to transport and store the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer. The M4300 Transport is designed so that all the
components of the M4000 fit in a single, packaged unit (Figure 1.9).
1-10
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Controller
Support Frame
High
Voltage
Cable
Cable Carry
Bag
M4100
Instrument
Oil Test
Cell
July 22, 2005
M4200c
Controller
Figure 1.9 M4000 Insulation Analyzer in Storage Mode
The recommended assembly steps for the Storage and Moving Mode is as
follows:
1. Remove the M4200c Controller Support frame from the M4300 Transport.
Lay the M4300 Transport down on its back, on a level surface so that the
wheels and handle touch the surface.
2. Verify that the cover is installed on the M4100 Instrument front panel.
Position the M4100 Instrument on the M4300 Transport as shown in the
above picture.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-11
Storage and Moving Mode
3. Position the closed M4200c Controller upside down into the area with the
projections of the top cover of the M4100 Instrument. Buckle and tighten
the strap snugly around both the M4100 Instrument and the M4200c
Controller.
4. Lift the M4300 Transport into the upright position.
5. Place the Documentation Bag and Cable Carry Bag on top of the M4100
Instrument top cover. Buckle and tighten the strap to secure.
6. Place the Oil Test Cell on the brackets provided between the wheels on the
rear of the M4300 Transport, and secure it with the strap provided.
7. Place the High Voltage Cable into the brackets provided on the top, rear
part of the M4300 Transport and secure it with the strap provided.
8. Place the M4200c Controller Support frame into the tubes provided so that
the end faces forward.
July 22, 2005
NOTE
The M4200c Controller Support frame should not be used for lifting the
M4300 Transport.
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer is now in Storage and Moving Mode.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Testing Mode
When assembled in the Testing Mode, the M4300 Transport serves as the field
desk for the M4000 Insulation Analyzer. The Testing Mode (Figure 1.10) was
designed to take advantage of the M4100 instrument's concentrated cluster of
connections, providing the user with a comprehensible testing setup and a
user-friendly environment while testing.
Intercase
Communication
Cable
M4200c Controller
M4151 Calibration
Reference
Safety Switch 1&2
High
Voltage
Cable
120/240 V
Power Cable
Remote Temperature
Humidity Sensor
Safety
Ground
Safety Strobe
Transporter
Diagnostic Test
Adapter Cable
Loopback Test
Connectors
Blue Low
Voltage Cable
Red Low
Voltage Cable
Figure 1.10 M4000 in Testing Mode
72A-1230 Rev. F
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July 22, 2005
Controller Support
Frame
Testing Mode
The following instructions describe how to assemble the components of the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer into the Testing Mode, from the Storage and
Moving Mode:
WARNING
When preparing for a test, do not attach any test leads to the apparatus to
be tested without first attaching them to the M4100 test set!
1. With the M4300 Transport in the upright position, remove the M4200c
Controller Support frame, the Cable Carry bag, the Documentation bag,
the High Voltage Cable, and the Oil Test Cell from the rear of the
Transport.
2. Carefully lay the M4300 Transport down on its back on a level surface.
The handle should face the specimen to be tested.
3. Place the M4200c Controller Support frame into the tubes provided on the
M4300 Transport bottom plate, near the M4100 Instrument rubber feet.
The top of the frame must extend away or opposite to the handle.
July 22, 2005
4. Remove the M4200c Controller from the top surface of the M4100
Instrument. Place the M4200c Controller on the Support frame and lock it
in place.
5. Remove the top cover from the M4100 Instrument top panel. The M4100
Instrument is ready for connecting the cables.
6. The M4100 Instrument top panel receptacles are designed to only accept
the functionally correct cables. Place each cable into the respective
receptacle. The only interchangeable cables are the Safety Switches.
NOTE
Inspect all cables for cracks or other damage before using.
7. Connect the Safety Ground cable to the M4100 Instrument, and to the
ground of the specimen to be tested. The Safety Ground Cable should be
the first connection to be made and the last one disconnected from the
M4100 Instrument.
8. Connect the M4100 Instrument and the M4200c Controller to the Power
Receptacle Box located at the bottom of the handle of the M4300
Transport. A separate receptacle box is also provided for cases where the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer is used away from the M4300 Transport. As
shipped from Doble, the 120 VAC receptacle in the M4200c Controller is
located under a yellow tag which states, “NOTICE: READ ENCLOSED
MICROSOFT SOFTWARE LICENSE BEFORE USING”. The license
agreement and documentation are in the Documentation bag. Please
comply with the notice and remove the tag to plug in the cable.
9. Interconnect the M4100 Instrument and the M4200c Controller using the
gray snap-in cable provided.
1-14
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
10. Connect the two safety switches to the two receptacles labeled “Safety
Switches” on the front panel of the M4100 Instrument.
11. Connect, as necessary, the red and blue Low-Voltage leads to the
corresponding color coded receptacles labeled “LOW VOLTAGE
LEADS”, on the front panel of the M4100 Instrument. To avoid
unintended measurements, connect only the low voltage lead(s) to be used
for the next text.
12. Connect the Safety Strobe to the receptacle labeled “SAFETY STROBE”
on the front panel of the M4100 Instrument. The strobe has a magnetic
base that can be placed on a grounded steel structure, where it is visible to
all personnel around the testing area.
14. Connect the High-Voltage Cable to the receptacle labeled “HIGH
VOLTAGE” on the front panel of the M4100 Instrument. Ensure that the
High Voltage Cable is fully inserted and latched into the receptacle.
15. Connect the M4000 Power Receptacle box to a 120 or 240 VAC source.
This should be the last connection to be made.
16. The M4000 Insulation Analyzer is ready to be connected to the specimen
to be tested. Connections to the specimen are described in the Doble Test
Procedures manual.
NOTE
When the M4000 Insulation Analyzer is assembled in the Test Mode it should
not be moved. However if minor repositioning is necessary it should be done
by lifting the M4300 handle a few inched off the surface.
When Finished Testing
When tests are finished, and before starting the Storage and Moving Mode
assembly procedure, make sure that all the data have been saved and that the
application programs that were used have been closed before shutting power
off to the M4200c Controller.
WARNING
When finished testing, do not remove any of the test leads from the test set
before first removing them from the apparatus just tested!
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-15
July 22, 2005
13. Connect the Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor to the receptacle
labeled “REMOTE SENSOR” on the front panel of the M4100
Instrument. This sensor will automatically record the ambient temperature
and humidity. The sensor has a magnetic base and should be placed on a
grounded structure, in the shade, to record the most accurate temperature
and humidity. The M4100 Instrument will operate without this option.
M4000 PC Cable
NOTE
Data will be lost if all software application programs are not closed before
the M4200c is powered down.
To set the M4000 to the Storage and Moving Mode, reverse the previous setup
procedure (”Testing Mode” on page 1-13), keeping in mind that the Safety
Ground cable is the last cable to be disconnected from the M4100 instrument.
Refer also to ”Storage and Moving Mode” on page 1-10.
M4000 PC Cable
There is a cable with connectors designed to attach your M4100 to a thirdparty controller of your choice. This cable is supplied as a way to offer users
an even higher level of product reliability. With the M4000 PC Cable, the user
can continue to test even if the M4200c Controller suffers a serious failure, by
using the cable to connect the M4100 Instrument directly to the user’s own
PC.
July 22, 2005
To be prepared to use this cable, you must have the DTA and M4000 diskettes
available to load onto your computer, and preferably a back-up copy of test
data files as well.
Third-Party
Controller
Requirements
•
•
•
•
•
Pentium Celeron
64 megabytes of memory
Windows 98 or later operating system
Internet Explorer version 5.0 or better
One available serial port
See the Doble website (www.Doble.Com) for complete details.
Setting Up the
Controller
The computer must be loaded with the M4000 (and DTA, if a DTA user)
software.
The COM port setting must be set in accordance with your computer's
requirements. This can be done by selecting Configuration from the Tools
menu and clicking the Instrument tab. The COM port is automatically set to
the requirements of the M4200c Controller when you install the M4000
software. If you are using a Serial to USB converter, see ”Instrument
Configuration” on page 2-18. If you have the wrong COM port setting, you
will get a communications error message when trying to run a test.
Besides the COM port setting, you must be sure no other program is running
that wants to access this same COM port. Review programs located in your
startup folder which start up each time the computer is booted up, and remove
any that may try to grab the COM port. Or, from the System icon in the
Control Panel, go to the Hardware tab and select Device Manager. Disable any
items that require the selected COM port.
1-16
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Transport, Storage and Shipping
Transporting and Storing the M4000
The M4100 and M4200c should be properly secured within the vehicle when
being transported locally, and mounted in the normal upright position
(preferably a location, in a van or truck, which is not directly above an axle of
the vehicle). If a padded shipping container or trunk is not used when
transporting the Instrument and Transformer locally, then protect against road
vibration and bumps by having them mounted on shock absorbing material (2"
to 4" of padding is desirable).
Avoid sharp bends in the High Voltage Test Cable when both using and
transporting. The cable should be coiled into no smaller than a 12-inch
diameter coil.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-17
July 22, 2005
The M4100 Instrument, M4200c Controller, and Accessories should be stored
in a reasonably clean and dry location. If the M4100 Instrument, M4200c
Controller, and/or the inboard or outboard potheads of the High Voltage Test
Cable are exposed to excessive dirt and/or moisture, they should be cleaned
and dried before use. The inboard and outboard potheads of the Cable, and the
cable pothead guide receptacle on the M4100 Instrument, could track along
their surfaces if high voltage is applied while they are contaminated with
surface dirt and/or moisture.
Shipping Instructions
Shipping Instructions
M4000 Test Set
Always ship the M4000 and M4200c in separate
containers.
Ship in special packing cases provided by Doble or
pack in cases with at least 4" of Styrofoam-type
padding on all sides. The HV cable pothead-guide
receptacle on the M4100 Instrument should be covered
to keep out foreign material.
On package, write: FRAGILE – PLEASE DO NOT
DROP
Accessory Case
Pack leads, cables, and accessories in the cable bag
furnished with the set.
July 22, 2005
Liquid-Insulation Cell The Cell and Plastic Carrying Case must be thoroughly
cleaned to prevent accidental contamination of the
Accessory Case and the environment. If the Accessory
Case is either not shipped or is too full, then the clean
Cell and Carrying Case should be shipped in a separate
padded cardboard box, or better. Padding should be
installed inside and around the Cell.
On package, write: FRAGILE – PLEASE DO NOT
DROP
NOTE
When shipped by commercial carrier, the M4100, M4200c and
Accessories should be properly padded and packed as specified above.
Suitably padded shipping containers for temporary use or purchase are
available from Doble upon request.
Ship to:
Doble Engineering Company
85 Walnut Street
Watertown, Massachusetts 02472-4037
USA
NOTE
1-18
Test sets that are transported appreciable distances should be checked
upon arrival. This includes sets that have been shipped from the Doble
Engineering Company. The test set and its accessories should be
examined upon receipt for signs of physical damage. The simplest and
most effective method for checking overall performance of the M4000 is
to use the Doble Liquid Insulation Cell as described in ”Checking
Instrument Accuracy in the Field” on page 4-43.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
The preceding also applies to test sets that have been stored for prolonged
periods.
Safety Considerations
Safety cannot be overemphasized when working on or around high voltage
electrical apparatus. Companies that generate, transmit, distribute, or utilize
high voltage electricity should, and do, have precise rules for safe practices
and procedures for personnel whose working responsibilities involve testing
and maintenance of the various types of high voltage apparatus, and their
associated lines, cables, and conductors, as well as the associated accessories.
Definitions
•
•
•
Test Set Operator – The person who supervises the test and operates
the M4000 Insulation Analyzer.
Operator’s Assistant * – The person who follows the operator's
instruction in making test connections.
Safety Observer * – The person who is responsible for observing the
performance of the test, seeing any safety hazard, and giving warning
to crew members.
* The operator's assistant, or the safety observer, may be employed to operate
the extension safety switch and to act as safety supervisor. The operator of the
safety switch should perform no other work, such as recording test data, while
the M4000 Insulation Analyzer is energized.
Two safety switches are provided and are required to be operated in order to
energize the M4000 Insulation Analyzer. The M4000 Insulation Analyzer
generates high voltage and is capable of causing serious, even lethal, electrical
shock. The M4000 Insulation Analyzer should not be operated by a crew
smaller than two people. A larger crew may be desirable under some
circumstances. Regardless of crew size, one person should be designated as
the Test Set Operator and one other as Test Supervisor.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-19
July 22, 2005
Throughout this manual, reference will be made to testing personnel in certain
general terms which are defined below. These terms apply only to the testing
function of the individuals and not to their professional status, seniority, or
positions within their company's structure or personnel hierarchy. These terms
are:
Safety Practices – General Rules
•
Test Supervisor – This person is responsible for overseeing
preparations for the test sequence, overseeing M4000 Insulation
Analyzer operation, and ensuring that all safety precautions are put
into practice. Safety practices followed should include company
policies, applicable government regulations, and any special
requirements related to use of the M4000 Insulation Analyzer.
Safety Practices – General Rules
1. All tests should be performed with the apparatus under test completely
de-energized and isolated from its power systems. This means
disconnecting and grounding all bus from the apparatus under test.
2. The method of testing high voltage apparatus involves energizing the
apparatus through the M4000 Insulation Analyzer. The act of testing
apparatus, which is otherwise de-energized and isolated from its system,
can itself produce dangerous levels of voltage and current. Care must be
taken to avoid contact with the apparatus being tested, its associated
bushings and conductors, and with the M4000 Insulation Analyzer cables.
July 22, 2005
3. The test crew must make a visual check to ensure that the apparatus
terminals are isolated from the power system. Where the possibility of
failure of the apparatus under test must be considered a real possibility,
precautions (such as barriers or entrance restrictions to test area) must be
taken against harm in the event of violent failure.
4. All rules of your company for safe practice in testing must be strictly
conformed to, including all practices of tagging and isolating apparatus
during testing and maintenance work. State, local, and federal regulations,
e.g. OSHA, may also apply.
NOTE
Company rules and government regulations take precedence over Doble
recommendations.
Clearances
Proper clearance between the test equipment, crew members, and the
apparatus being tested, must be observed at all times during energization.
Barriers, safety tapes, and ladder barriers should be erected around the test
area to prevent unintentional (or intentional) entry into the “live” area. These
same precautions should be taken to block unwitting entry into the area by
means of ladders, buckets, or any other extraneous equipment by which entry
into the area may be gained.
1-20
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Grounding
1. The apparatus under test, its tank or housing, and the M4000 Insulation
Analyzer must be solidly and commonly grounded or earthed. This also
applies to any mobile equipment being tested.
2. When the M4000 Insulation Analyzer is permanently housed in a vehicle,
the M4000 Insulation Analyzer ground should be bounded to the vehicle
chassis, which in turn is grounded.
3. Exposed terminals of apparatus should not normally be allowed to “float”.
They should be grounded directly or through the low voltage leads of the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer, unless otherwise specified by Doble
recommended test plans.
4. There must be two inches of clearance between conductors (such as bus)
that are not part of the tests.
1. A pretest tailgate meeting is recommended. Frequently, other crews will
be working on non-test related tasks in close proximity to equipment being
tested. The tailgate meeting should include all personnel who will be
working in proximity to the area where testing will be performed. In this
meeting, the tests to be performed, the apparatus and the voltage test levels
involved, potential hazards involved with the work, and the individual
assignments should all be reviewed with the crew members. Test
personnel need to remain aware of the work activity taking place around
them and alert to the possibility that non-test personnel may enter the test
area.
2. A consistent and uniform set of signals, both visual and verbal, should be
agreed upon, and should be followed by all of the crew members during
testing.
3. While making the various types of connections involved in the different
tests, it may be necessary for personnel to climb up on the apparatus, but
no one should remain on the apparatus during the test itself.
4. The HV Test Cable should not be held during energization of the M4000
Insulation Analyzer. Flashover of the test specimen or the M4000
Insulation Analyzer can generate transient voltages of sufficient
magnitude to puncture the insulating jacket of the cable.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-21
July 22, 2005
Personnel Safety
M4000 Connections
M4000 Connections
1. The procedures described in the “Testing Mode” section of this chapter on
page 1-13, for connecting and disconnecting the M4000 leads in their
proper sequence should be observed and acted upon at all times.
WARNING
In particular, due to the presence of static charges from nearby energized
lines, never touch the live end (hook) of the high voltage cable when
moving leads. Never hold the High Voltage cable during a test.
July 22, 2005
2. Test personnel should be aware that induced voltages or trapped charges
may be present on the equipment about to be tested. EHV circuit breakers
with grading capacitors across the interrupter contacts are especially prone
to build up a high voltage charge. Voltages high enough to damage the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer have been known to occur on this type of
equipment. Provisions should be made for draining these charges by
applying grounds prior to making your test connections. It is a good
practice to ground equipment such as capacitors, capacitor voltage
transformers, and EHV circuit breaker heads as soon as they have been
isolated for testing, and to temporarily remove the grounds only during the
short period when tests are actually being performed.
3. Perform only one job at a time on any apparatus. The situation in which
two crews are doing different tasks with the same apparatus at the same
time is an open invitation for confusion, trouble and danger to the
personnel.
1-22
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
M4000 Operation
1. Both safety switches must be used in order to activate the test setup. One is
to be controlled by the M4000 operator and the other by a second test crew
member, designated the safety supervisor. (This person may be either the
Operator’s Assistant or the Safety Observer.)
2. The Test Set Operator or the Safety Observer must be able to have an
unobstructed view of the terminals of the equipment under test, any points
of entry into the immediate test area, and of the workers in the area.
M4000 Safety Features
1. A #6 copper conductor is provided by Doble for the purpose of grounding
the M4000 Insulation Analyzer. The heavy-duty #6 conductor should be
connected to the GROUND RECEPTACLE of the M4000 Insulation
Analyzer at one end and to the station grounding system at the other end.
This should be the first step in setting up the M4000.
2. After the M4000 Insulation Analyzer is properly grounded, the remaining
test leads and the HV Test Cable are plugged into their receptacles. Do not
connect test leads to the apparatus terminals until after the leads are
connected to the M4000.
3. The power cord should be plugged into a 120V ac or 240V and grounded
receptacle. This should be the last step in setting up the M4000.
4. Two separate grounds are required to pick up the ground relay and operate
the M4000: one as described in item 1 above, and the other through the
third wire of the 120/240 volt supply cord. Care should be taken to ensure
that there is no direct contact between the two grounds. Short circuiting
the two grounds together may create a hazardous condition if the ground
connection is inadvertently interrupted.
5. The HV Test Cable used with the M4000 is a double-shielded cable in
which the high voltage is exposed only at the outboard pothead tip. The
HV Test Cable should not be handled while it is energized. If a flashover
occurs while testing, transient voltages higher than 10 kV can appear on
the cable and puncture the insulating jacket of the cable, creating a hazard
to personnel holding the cable. The cable may be suspended or tied off in
such a way as to avoid handling.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-23
July 22, 2005
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer is equipped with a ground-relay scheme,
which prevents test voltage from being applied until the following preliminary
conditions have been established:
M4000 Safety Features
6. The M4000 includes a safety strobe with a magnetic base that can be
placed on a grounded steel structure where it is visible to substation
personnel. The safety strobe is enabled and required to be connected when
running a test by default. Although this can be defeated in the process of
instrument configuration, this should be done only if the strobe is not
working and cannot be used.
7. During operation, an audible beep is heard whenever high voltage is being
applied. This beeper is enabled by default. Doble recommends the default,
although the beeper can be turned off as part of instrument configuration.
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer is heavy. The M4100 Instrument alone
weighs approximately 100 pounds (45 kg). Doble recommends that at
least two persons be used to move the M4100 in the field. Special care
must be taken in lifting the M4100 into or from a vehicle to avoid bodily
injury.
July 22, 2005
WARNING
1-24
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Safety Precautions
Doble insulation analyzers require operation by at least two persons. The
M4000 Insulation Analyzer operator has his/her own Operator's Safety
Switch. A second switch, called the Extension Safety Switch, is provided. The
cable for the Extension Safety Switch is equal in length to the High Voltage
Test Cable. Both switches are of the spring-release type for quick action. With
either switch off, all voltage to the High Voltage Test Cable is removed. The
person responsible for attaching the High Voltage Test Cable to the specimen
should operate the Extension Safety Switch, and should be positioned so as to
be able to observe all terminals and points of access to the apparatus under
test. If this is not possible, then the out-of-sight terminals should be roped off
with CAUTION labels appropriately placed, and a person posted in the
vicinity to ensure safety.
It is recommended that the Extension Safety Switch be the last switch closed.
The Extension Safety Switch must remain open until all personnel are safely
in the clear. Personnel should not be allowed to remain on the apparatus
while tests are in progress. If unauthorized personnel should enter the area,
or if some other undesirable situation should develop, the Extension Safety
Switch operator should release the switch immediately, and then notify the
M4000 Insulation Analyzer operator.
The two safety switches are intended to be used as a “dead man” type switch.
Both safety switches should be used at all times. Never short circuit them
and do not use fixed mechanical locking devices for depressing the switch
button. The switch button must be manually operable at all times.
The M4000 operator and the operator's assistant should follow a uniform
system of visual and verbal signals in order to prevent confusion during the
testing process. For example, when the test connections have been completed
and all personnel are in the clear, the operator's assistant should make visual
contact with the M4000 operator and call “ready”. The M4000 operator,
before bringing up the test voltage, should acknowledge the assistant's signal,
and advise all present by calling out “coming hot”. Upon completion of the
test, the operator should call out, “all clear”. To demonstrate further that the
test has been completed, it is good practice for the M4000 operator to extend
the Operator's Switch at arm's length with the button released, for all to see.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-25
July 22, 2005
Each time the test equipment is set up, and prior to making the first test, both
safety switch operators should cooperatively verify the correct operations of
both switches.
Safety Precautions for Various Types of Apparatus
After the tests are completed, all test leads should be disconnected first from
the equipment terminals and brought down to ground level before they are
disconnected from the M4100 Instrument. The #6 copper test set ground
should be the last lead to be disconnected from the set.
WARNING
Never attempt to disconnect the HV Test Cable or the Low Voltage cables
from either the terminals of the test specimen to which they are connected
at the outboard end, or from the receptacles on the M4100 instrument at
the inboard end, unless the M4000 VOLTAGE CONTROL is set to
ZERO, and the Operator's Safety Switch and the Extension Safety Switch
are both released. Attempts to disconnect leads while the M4000 is
energized may result in a serious, and possibly lethal, electrical shock.
Safety Precautions for Various Types of Apparatus
July 22, 2005
In addition to the items included in ”Safety Practices – General Rules”
on page 1-20, the following are specific considerations that have to do with the
testing of various types of apparatus:
Bushings
When performing either single or multi-hot-collar tests using rubber Hot
Collars, be aware that the rubber collar is a conductor, and that it is at the test
voltage during the test.
Breakers
Prior to any testing, steps should be taken to disable the breaker so as to avoid
inadvertent operation during testing. In a closed breaker test, both bushings
will be energized at test potential, and contact between the bushings and either
test personnel or test leads should be avoided.
When testing lift-rods, operating rods, or any component internal to the
breaker, the operating mechanism should be blocked, fuses removed, and any
other necessary measures taken to ensure that the breaker is inoperative.
Transformers
1. When performing bushings tests, the opposite windings should be
grounded.
2. When performing excitation tests, floating terminals should be considered
live.
3. Use caution when applying test voltages to a transformer from which the
oil has been removed. Recommended test voltages for testing a
transformer without insulating fluid are listed in the Doble Test
Procedures manual.
4. Under no circumstances should test voltages be applied to oil impregnated
insulation while the insulation is under vacuum.
1-26
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Instrument
Transformers
In addition to isolating and grounding live terminal(s) of the primary winding,
secondary fuses and other leads should be removed in order to completely and
effectively isolate the unit from the system. This is especially important in the
case of potential transformers.
Voltage Regulators
Check to ensure that there are no closed secondary links in order to eliminate
the possibility of backfeed.
Surge Arresters
Everyone is instructed to stand clear during the testing of surge arresters
because of the possibility of their violent failure.
Capacitors
1. Close all the grounding switches on the device housing in order to ground
the bottom terminals of the capacitor.
July 22, 2005
2. Make sure capacitor stacks are discharged before you come into contact
with them. Internal resistors should not be relied upon for discharging
individual capacitor cells. Capacitors intended for usage may not contain
internal resistors. Resistors in failed capacitor cells should be considered
suspect. For additional protection, it is recommended that the terminals of
individual cells be discharged before personnel come in contact with them.
72A-1230 Rev. F
1-27
Safety Summary
Safety Summary
In summary, it is worth noting that many of the accidents that happen around
high voltage apparatus and its associated conductors involve personnel who
are familiar (perhaps too familiar) with high voltage equipment. Staying alert
and ever watchful requires constant training and awareness of the inherent
hazards.
The greatest hazard is the possibility of getting on a “live” circuit. To avoid
this requires constant vigilance – for oneself and for one's fellow workers.
In addition to the obvious dangers, personnel should be alert to recognize
subtle dangers as well. For example, during transformer excitation-current
tests, the “floating” terminals may have significant voltages induced in them
by simple transformer action. Thus, all terminals of an apparatus under test,
unless grounded, should be considered to be “live” while the test is in
progress.
July 22, 2005
In the case of potential transformers or any transformers which may be
interconnected, voltage can be back-fed through the secondaries to produce
high voltage on the primary, although the primary is seemingly isolated from
the power system. This re-emphasizes another rule: All terminals of an
apparatus to be tested should be completely isolated.
Remember: SAFETY
.........................FIRST, LAST, ALWAYS!
1-28
72A-1230 Rev. F
2. M4000 Software
Upgrading or Installing M4000 Software
Your M4200c Controller comes with all necessary software pre-installed. This
consists of the Windows XP operating system, the M4000 program, and for
users of the Doble Test Assistant, the optional DTA program. You may also
request the optional Leakage Reactance Test or External Reference Test
software. You may need to install this software if you are loading it onto an
office computer or laptop, upgrading from a previous version, or reinstalling
it. This chapter covers the following subjects:
•
•
Installing M4000 software on your PC.
Introduction to M4000 Software/Icon Descriptions/Configuration
Settings (see page 2-6)
WARNING
NOTE
July 22, 2005
Software Installation
Before starting, BACK-UP YOUR TEST DATA
If you have customized limit files, location.txt, and division.txt files from
DTA, save them separately, so you can transfer the data to the new version.
M4000 Software
NOTE
The first time a test is run with newly installed software, the M4200c
Controller or your laptop computer being used as a Controller must
update the M4100 Instrument firmware. The user is notified of this
process by the message, “Downloading firmware to the M4100
Instrument – Please wait”. Do not interrupt this process. Otherwise, the
previous version of the software must be reloaded onto the M4200c or
your laptop, then the new version installed once again.
This section contains the steps to follow to install the M4000 software.
72A-1230 Rev. F
2-1
M4000 Software
If you have already installed the current version of the M4000 software, and
you only wish to add either or both of the optional features, Leakage
Reactance and External Reference/Source testing, each of these disks contains
its own setup function and can be installed separately as described below. To
install the M4000 software and/or either of the optional features, follow this
procedure:
1. Make sure all your existing test data is backed up!
2. In Windows, select the “Run” option from the Start button menu. The
Run dialog box appears.
3. Insert the installation diskette in the A: drive (or CD into its drive).
4. Type the following in the Run dialog box: A:\setup (or corresponding
drive letter for the CD drive), and press the ENTER key.
July 22, 2005
5. Select the language for the installation instructions. After installation, any
of the listed languages can be chosen at any time from the Advanced tab of
the Tools/Configuration window, as long as they have been installed in
step 8 below.
Figure 2.1 Language Options
6. The program will ask in which directory to install the M4000 Software. It
is recommended to stay with the default settings. Note that it is different
from the existing version, so that you may use either version on the same
computer. Press the ENTER key.
NOTE
Optional Leakage Reactance software must be installed in the same
directory; the optional DTA software may go in its own directory.
7. You will be asked to select some installation options:
2-2
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
•
Launch M4000 at Startup: Select this option if this computer is
dedicated to M4000 tests, since it automatically runs the M4000
program when starting the computer (If you have the icon for the old
version of the software in your startup folder, remove it).
Set the serial communications port to COM2: select this only if
installing the software on an M4200c controller.
July 22, 2005
•
Figure 2.2 M4000 Software Installation Options
8. You will then be asked to select safety options:
Figure 2.3 Safety Settings
•
72A-1230 Rev. F
Beeper Is Enabled: Enables the audible warning feature that signals
the beginning of each test (recommended).
2-3
M4000 Software
•
•
•
•
NOTE
Both LV leads must be inserted to run test: requires that both the
red and blue leads be inserted into the test set to run a test (rarely
used).
Safety strobe is required to run test: In the event there is a failure of
the strobe bulb or cable, this should be disabled so as to be able to
continue testing without it.
Safety switch must be released between tests: Serves to discourage
user from artificially holding safety switch down for the duration of
several tests.
Restrict the Safety Configuration settings: If selected, serves to lock
the above 4 selections so that they cannot be changed from within the
application.
Use this last option with care, since if a need arises to change one of the above
settings (a burnt out strobe light bulb), you cannot change the settings and
continue testing without reinstalling the software.
July 22, 2005
9. A screen will appear where your company name, as you wish it to appear
in the Nameplate area, can be input. Leave it blank if you prefer to fill the
name in manually each time.
10. Finally, you will be asked which languages you wish to have installed on
the computer. You may choose English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese,
and different users may switch among them from the
Tools/Configure/Advanced menu.
Figure 2.4 Languages Installed
11. If using diskettes, insert subsequent disks when prompted and press the
ENTER key.
12. You will be asked if you wish to read the “readme” file.
2-4
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
13. Since you are able to have both the old and new versions on the same
computer, you may wish to be able to switch back and forth at first. To
avoid downloading firmware to the M4100 each time you switch, do the
following:
•
•
Find the M4i.x0, Bootblok.x0, and Loader.x0 files in the directory
where the new version 3.0 is installed (the default is C:\Program
Files\Doble\M4000).
Copy these 3 files into the directory of the older version you are using.
Installation of the M4000 Software is now complete.
Doble Test Assistant (DTA) Software (Optional)
See instructions found with the DTA software.
Optimization
If the software has been installed on a PC, you may have to adjust the COM
port setting if the wrong choices were made during installation. If you are not
able to run any tests on the M4000, but get a communications error, proceed as
follows:
1. Select Tools/Configuration, and choose the Instrument tab.
2. Set the Serial Port to COM 1.
3. Make sure the baud rate is set to 9600.
4. Click OK, reboot the computer, and try again.
5. If there is still trouble communicating, your laptop may require another
choice. Possible COM port choices are 1, 2, 3, or 4.
Besides the COM port setting, you must be sure no other program is running
that wants to access this same COM port. Review programs located in your
startup folder which start up each time the computer is booted up, and remove
any that may try to grab the COM port. Or, from the System icon in the
Control Panel, go to the Hardware tab and select Device Manager. Disable any
items that require the selected COM port.
Mouse Settings
You can modify the mouse settings for maximum visibility on the M4200c
Controller:
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COM port Setting
Time/Date Format
•
•
•
From the Windows “Start” button, choose “Control Panel” from the
“Settings” menu item.
Double-click on the Mouse Icon, then select the “Motion” tab.
Click the “Show Pointer Trails box, adjust the scale marker to “Long”
and click OK. This will cause the mouse to leave a trail behind it when
moved, and increase visibility in bright sunlight.
Time/Date Format
You may want to change the time/date format. The default is mm/dd/yyyy for
date, and 12 hour format for time. To change this format, Select “Control
Panel” from the Windows Start button menu. Time and date format can be
changed from the “Date and Time” icon, and this change reflects through to
the M4000.
Introduction to M4000 Software
July 22, 2005
What’s New
Aside from some behind the scenes changes to make this program a modern
up to date 32 bit program, here are some features visible to the user:
Clipboard
1. The clipboard now has 200 lines instead of 36, so that almost any type of
testing should be able to fit in one single file.
2. The M4000 program now supports English, French, Portuguese, and
Spanish.
3. Serial Number and Manufacturer fields have been added to the nameplate
area.
4. The column widths on the test grid are user-configurable.
5. For each test, time, date, air temperature, and humidity are recorded and
can be viewed.
6. A new file structure has been implemented, allowing user-specified file
names for easier data manipulation.
7. The printout now has a grid around the data, for a more professional look.
8. The Clipboard mode now has graphing capabilities (see ”Graphing Test
Results” on page 3-11).
9. The Clipboard mode now offers automatic temperature correction (see
”Temperature Correction” on page 2-12).
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Leakage Reactance
10. One Leakage Reactance file can now contain all tests in a series: Three
Phase Equivalent, Per Phase, and tests on different taps. Data entry is now
more intuitive.
External Reference
11. On the External Reference form, both UST and GST tests can be stored all
on the same form.
12. You may now store reversal readings on the same line and automatically
average the results.
13. You may now store test circuit loss associated with the GST test, and the
program will automatically subtract the loss from the test results.
The M4000 Program
To start the M4000 Software: turn on the M4200c Controller; or, if using your
laptop, and the program executable is not in your “StartUp” group:
1. Select All Programs from the Windows Start button menu.
2. Select the Doble Program Group.
4. Click the OK button on the “About The M4000 Software” window. You
are now at the M4000 clipboard screen. The menu bar contains a number
of choices, with a row of short-cut icons just below.
Icons
Before step 4 above, the basic icons shown and their functions are described as
follows:
Icon
Description
Open M4000 data file. New M4000 files have the extension
.m4k, but old M4000 files can also be opened using this
command.
Exit the M4000 Software, or select Exit from the File pull
down menu.
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3. Select the M4000 icon.
Menu Bar
Icon
Description
Enter DTA Field System Software, or select DTA from the
Mode pull-down menu. With DTA, the second test mode
available is DTA. See the DTA instruction manual for use of
the DTA option. DTA contains specific forms for different
apparatus types, along with an expert system to evaluate
results. Since this is optional software, this icon will not be
active if DTA software is not installed.
Enter Clipboard Mode or select Clipboard from the Mode
pull-down menu. Without DTA, the only test mode is
Clipboard. The clipboard mode is described further in this
chapter. It provides a generic form for testing any apparatus.
Enter External Reference/Source Mode, or select External
Reference/ Source from the Mode pull-down menu. Since this
is optional software, this icon will not be active if External
Reference software is not installed.
July 22, 2005
Enter Leakage Reactance Test Mode, or select Leakage
Reactance Test from the Mode pull-down menu. Since this is
optional software, this icon will not be active if Leakage
Reactance software is not installed.
Find help, or press the F1 key, or select the items from the
Help pull-down menu item. Help is described in the 'Using
Help' section of Chapter 1.
Menu Bar
The Menu Bar functions are described as follows:
Mode: Allows selection of available test modes. Clipboard is automatically
included with the M4000 software. External Reference/Source, Leakage
Reactance, and DTA are optional software add-ins.
Diagnostics: These help you check the status of the M4000 Insulation
Analyzer, and to diagnose any problems that may exist. See ”Running
Diagnostics” on page 4-21 for a description of this item
View: De-selecting an item from this menu will remove the icon bar from your
screen. Select again to restore it.
Tools: Here you can clear test and nameplate data, view a test note or
temperature/humidity data, or adjust configurations. See the “Configuration”
section in this chapter for a full description of these options.
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Clipboard Test Mode
To enter Clipboard test mode, click the
the Mode pull-down menu item.
icon, or select Clipboard from
July 22, 2005
The following screen will appear:
Figure 2.5 Clipboard Screen
Clicking on the following icons will perform the described functions:
Icon
Description
Open a File. If a Clipboard file is saved, it can be retrieved by
clicking on this icon, pressing F9, or selecting Open from the
File pull-down menu.
Save a File. This can also be done by pressing CTRL+S to
save the file with the existing name, or the F8 key to save with
a new name.
Print the current Clipboard form. This can also be done by
selecting Print from the File pull-down menu item, or by
pressing F7.
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Menu Bar
Icon
Description
Enter the DTA Field System program. This can also be done
by selecting DTA from the Mode pull-down menu item.
Click to open a Clipboard screen, where tests may be run and
recorded.
Click to enter External Reference/Source Mode, or select
External Reference/ Source from the Mode pull-down menu.
Click to enter Leakage Reactance Test Mode, or select
Leakage Reactance Test from the Mode pull-down menu.
July 22, 2005
Run a single test. This can also be done by selecting Run A
Single Test from the Test pull-down menu item, or by
pressing F2.
Run a multiple test. This can also be done by selecting Run A
Multiple Test from the Test pull-down menu item, or pressing
FN+F11.
Enter a note. When clicking on this icon, the software will ask
you which line the note corresponds to. The default is for line.
This can also be done by selecting Edit Test Note from the
Edit pull-down menu item.
View the air temperature and percent humidity associated
with each line of test data. This can also be done by selecting
Display Temp./Humidity from the Edit pull-down menu item.
Allows user to activate automatic temperature correction
function for the clipboard test mode.
Graph the selected clipboard results
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Icon
Description
Toggle sheet note. Click this icon to display or hide a note
area for the entire clipboard sheet at the bottom of the screen.
Toggle Nameplate. Click this icon to display or hide all but
the test data. This allows the user to hide or display the
Nameplate information, time, date, Administration and Test
Condition buttons.
About M4000 For Windows. This can also be chosen by
selecting About M4000 For Windows from the pull down
menu item.
If you are using the pull-down menus and wish to remove these icons,
click on the View pull-down menu item and then click on Toolbar. This
will disable the icons. They can be retrieved by repeating the same action.
Menu Items
The menu items are File, Mode, Test, Diagnostics, View, Tools, Window,
and Help. The principal functions included under these items are better
accessed by using the icons described in the previous paragraphs. The features
under what used to be the Edit menu are now found under Test by selecting
the Clear menu item. The Diagnostics commands are described in Chapter
Six, M4100 Instrument.
Mode Menu
Select the type of test desired. Choices are:
•
•
•
•
Clipboard (for Power Factor, Exciting Current tests)
Leakage Reactance (Requires optional software)
External Reference/Source (Requires optional software)
DTA (Requires optional software)
Test Menu
This menu contains the start single test (F2) and start multiple tests (F11)
commands.
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July 22, 2005
NOTE
Diagnostics
Diagnostics
This menu contains several self-test options, described in ”Running
Diagnostics” on page 4-21.
View Menu
Commands here allow display or hiding of the:
•
•
•
•
Toolbar (row of icons)
Status Bar (along the bottom of the screen, it includes status of the
Caps Lock and Num Lock functions, which should be off)
Nameplate data fields
Sheet note located just above the Status bar at the bottom of the screen.
Tools Menu
This menu includes the following:
•
July 22, 2005
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Insert a test line command, inserts a new row above the row in which
the cursor sits.
Remove an empty test line removes the empty line on which the cursor
sits. If the line is not empty, a warning message appears.
Clear command for test results, nameplate data, test note, and sheet
note
Test Note command, which allows access to individual test notes for
each line of test data
Temp and Humidity command, which allows access to the
temperature and humidity readings for each line of test data.
Temperature Correction, as described below, enables the user to select
the type of apparatus under test so as to activate automatic temperature
correction.
Graph results command, allowing the user to select test results on the
clipboard and graph them.
Configuration settings for both the software and the instrument,
described under ”Configuration” on page 2-13.
Temperature Correction
To activate automatic temperature correction:
1. First, run your tests and fill in the rows with the results.
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2. Click the temperature correction icon
Correction from the Tools menu.
, or select Temperature
3. In the Temperature Correction window, fill in the rows on the clipboard
screen to which you wish to apply the temperature correction. These rows
must have temperature data associated with them for this function to work.
4. Select the Equipment Type and Sub-types where applicable.
5. Click OK, and Clipboard will apply the appropriate correction factor to the
selected rows of test data.
Configuration
There are five option tabs available in the M4000 Configuration window,
accessed from the View menu item. They are System, Clipboard, DTA,
Instrument, and Advanced.
July 22, 2005
System Configuration
When selecting the System tab, the following appears:
Figure 2.6 M4000 System Configuration
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Clipboard Configuration
Ramp Mode - Auto Ramp Mode raises the voltage automatically at a rate
selected separately in the Clipboard Configuration and DTA Configuration.
Manual Set Voltage allows raising the voltage by pressing the PGUP key to
raise the voltage rapidly, the PGDN key to lower the voltage rapidly, the up
arrow key to raise the voltage slowly, and the down arrow key to lower the
voltage slowly. The rates at which the voltages are raised and lowered
manually are selected separately in the Clipboard configuration and the DTA
Configuration.
Line Frequency - Select the frequency that corresponds to the user's system;
or, if trying to duplicate a test result made at another frequency, select either
frequency. Under normal system conditions, make the ± 5% selection. If your
power line frequency is itself experiencing this degree of variation, you may
be required to make the ± 10% selection to avoid the effect of electrostatic
interference. The M4000 users Line Frequency Modulation to measure above
and below power line frequency to avoid measurement of electrostatic
interference.
July 22, 2005
M4000 Data Directory - This is the directory in which the Clipboard data is
to be stored. To change the default settings, use the mouse to click into the
M4000 Data Directory field. Then, edit the settings to reflect in which
directory the Clipboard data is stored.
Select a directory other than C:\DOBLE\DTA for data storage for both
Clipboard data and DTA data.* Click on the OK button to accept your
changes.
* For example, use C:\Doble\DTA\DATA.
Company: If filled in, this line will cause all tests to use the information in the
“Company” field when starting a new clipboard test.
Clipboard Configuration
When selecting the Clipboard tab, the following appears:
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Figure 2.7 Clipboard Configuration
Test Type - If Line Frequency Modulation is selected, a test at ± 5% of the
reference frequency, will be performed. This selection is desirable when
testing in the presence of electrostatic interference. If Line Sync Reversal is
selected, a test at the positive polarity and a test at the negative polarity in
reference to the input voltage at the base frequency is performed. This
selection is desirable when performing tests using a resonator or exciting
current tests on a transformer.
Display Mode - If Reference to 10 kV is selected, all results will be reported
as if 10 kV were the applied voltage. If results obtained were tested at 2 kV,
current and watts measurements will be multiplied by 5. Historically, this is
the way all Doble tests have been performed. If Actual Values are selected, all
results will be reported in reference to the applied voltage.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
DTA Field Configuration
Loss Factor - There are two options available, Power Factor and Dissipation
Factor, practically identical in routine usage. Dissipation Factor may be
chosen when the user wishes to duplicate nameplate data from international
manufacturers. However, the two are virtually identical at Power Factor
readings below 5%. Units may be selected as Percent or Actual (and, for
Dissipation Factor, mW/VAr). Power Factor is generally expressed in percent,
and Dissipation Factor as Actual.
Voltage Ramp Settings - The rate of voltage change corresponding to the
Auto Ramp Mode and Manual Set Options is entered in these fields. For
example, the default settings call for an increase of 100 volts every time the up
arrow is pressed when manually bringing up the voltage.
•
July 22, 2005
•
•
Manual Mode Slow Step - The increment of voltage corresponding to
each press of the up and down arrow key for manually setting the
voltage. To change the default settings, click the mouse in this field
and enter the desired voltage.
Manual Mode Fast Step - The increment of voltage corresponding to
each press of the PGUP and PgDn key for manually setting the
voltage. To change the default settings, click the mouse in this field
and enter the desired voltage.
Auto Mode Ramp Step - The increment of voltage corresponding to
the automatic voltage ramping steps. Using the default setting means
that the voltage is raised and lowered in 500 volt increments. In the
Auto Ramp Mode, voltage is lowered when a reversal is performed.
Click on the OK button to accept the selections.
DTA Field Configuration
This only applies to users of DTA Field System Software. When the DTA
Field Configuration tab is selected, the following appears:
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Test Type - See Clipboard Configuration for a description of this item.
Voltage Ramp Settings - See Clipboard Configuration for a description of
this item.
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July 22, 2005
Figure 2.8 DTA Configuration
Instrument Configuration
Instrument Configuration
July 22, 2005
When the Instrument Configuration tab is selected, the following appears:
Figure 2.9 Instrument Configuration
Serial Port - It may be necessary to change this setting to accommodate
laptops being used with the M4100. The M4200c uses COM2, and laptops
usually use COM1. The “bits per second” setting should not be changed from
the default 9600.
USB Converter- If using a Serial to USB converter to utilize a USB port on
your laptop for connection to the M4100, check your PC settings to obtain the
comport that has been set by the converter. For Windows XP, go to the Start
button, select Control Panel/System (or alternately, right-click My Computer
and select Properties), then click Hardware and then Device Manager. Click
the plus sign next to Ports (Com & LPT) to see the comport assigned to your
converter.
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Settling Time Delay- The time, at maximum test voltage, during which the
M4000 samples the data. If it appears that excessive electrostatic interference
is affecting test results, the settling time may be increased in order to sample
the data over a longer period of time. To change the value in this field, click
the mouse in this field and enter in a new value.
•
•
•
•
Beeper - If the beeper is enabled, four beeps will sound when voltage
is applied to a specimen. If the beeper is disabled, there will be no
audible warning of applied voltage.
Both Low Voltage Leads must be inserted to run test - it is
recommended this box be left unchecked, since most tests require only
one lead.
Safety Strobe required to run test- If “required to run a test” is
selected, the strobe must be plugged in or a test cannot run. If the
strobe is not available, select “not required”.
Safety switch must be released between tests - Prevents users from
defeating the purpose of the safety switch by artificially holding it
shut. The switches should be pressed when the message onscreen tells
you to.
Click on the OK button to accept your selection.
Advanced Configuration
When the Advanced tab is selected, the following is displayed:
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July 22, 2005
Safety Settings - These may be set as desired, provided the option “Restrict
the Safety Configuration settings” was not set during software installation.
If it was, and you want to change these settings, you will have to re-install the
software and de-select that option. It is recommended that unless they are not
functioning, the user should leave the beeper and strobe light operational. The
settings are:
Advanced Configuration
July 22, 2005
Figure 2.10 Advanced Configuration
Language: Choose from English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese, if selected
for installation.
Filter Type: The default is Slow, and should not be changed without
consulting Doble.
Capacitor Model: The default is Parallel, and should not be changed without
consulting Doble.
Inductor Model: The default is Parallel, and should not be changed without
consulting Doble.
Allow Multiple Documents: If this box is checked, more than one set of test
data can be active and displayed at once.
Current Range: The default is Auto, and should not be changed without
consulting Doble.
Watts Range: The default is Auto, and should not be changed without
consulting Doble.
Grid Font Size: Allows you to increase the size of the fonts on your screen,
making it easier to see the data.
Print Font Size: Increases the size of the font used in printing.
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Using Help
When Help is selected, two options are presented:
1. Contents F1.
2. About M4000 For Windows...
Contents
July 22, 2005
The Help/Contents option opens the Help window:
Figure 2.11 Help Window
When Contents is selected, you can find how to use Help by pressing F1. The
contents screen also has a series of buttons along its top:
The Glossary button has topics that are specific (such as, Auto Mode
Ramp Step).
If you are unsure which item to select, you can use the Search function
located on the top of the Help screen to find a specific topic.
To return to the previous screen, press Back located on the top of the Help
screen.
To view each item in the list of contents, press the >> button. To go back to
the Help of the previous item, press << button.
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About M4000 For Windows
About M4000 For Windows
Selecting this item displays the current version of M4000 Software and
firmware.
Printer Setup
The default printer setting for your M4200c Controller is for a thermal printer.
This enables the use of the M4200c Controller's built-in printer. If using a
laptop, you must use Windows to add in the necessary printer drivers for your
office printers.
Printing
July 22, 2005
To print a Clipboard form, select Print from the file pull-down menu item, or
press F7. The following screen will appear:
Figure 2.12 Clipboard Form Report Generator
To print a field, select it by clicking on the square, adding a a checkmark. To
print to a file, select “Save the report to a file” by clicking its box, adding a
checkmark. Results can be saved in text (txt) or comma separated variable
(csv) format.
A detailed description of each of these fields can be found in ”Entering
Clipboard Information” on page 3-1.
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3. Running M4000 Tests
There are four test modes available with the M4000 software; all but
Clipboard require optional software:
•
Clipboard Mode
This is a generic form for recording and storing test results, nameplate
information, weather conditions, test parameters, and notes, and is
described below. A new graphing function allows test results to be
graphed.
•
External Reference/Source Mode (page 3-12)
This test mode enables the user to perform tests using an external
source and reference, extending the range of test voltage above the 12
kV of the M4000 test set.
Leakage Reactance Mode (page 3-16)
This test mode enables the user to measure transformer leakage
reactance. Auxiliary hardware is required in the form of the M4110
Leakage Reactance Interface, or the M4130 Leakage Reactance
Module.
•
DTA Mode (page 3-17)
Entering Clipboard Information
Nameplate Information
Within the Clipboard form, the following is what is considered nameplate
information:
Figure 3.1 Nameplate Information
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•
Administrative Information
Entering this information is vital to properly identify the test and the
equipment tested.
Administrative Information
July 22, 2005
Next to the Nameplate Section is an Administration button. When clicking this
button, the following screen will appear:
Figure 3.2 Administrative Information
The following is an identification of these terms:
Checked By
The person who checked the results (if different from
the user).
Tested By
The user of the M4000 Insulation Analyzer.
Controller No.
The serial number is located on the bottom of the
M4200c Controller.
Instrument No.
The serial number is located on the front panel of the
M4100 Instrument.
Sheet No.
Identification for each single Clipboard Form is done
with filenames when saving the form. Sheet number
was a form of identification used on older paper test
forms and the space is provided if the user needs to use
it to further identify the test.
After entering this information, click on the OK button to save it.
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Test Conditions
Clicking on this button will show the following screen:
The Weather is a pull down menu item with the selections accessed by
clicking on the
(down arrow icon).
Entering Air Temperature and Humidity is unnecessary if using the
Temperature Probe. If not, it is necessary to enter data in each field. In either
case, Oil Temperature is required if testing oil-filled equipment. For
transformers, use the top oil temperature.
Click on a Convert button first to enter the temperature in Fahrenheit.
Clicking the OK button will save the entries.
In the Clipboard mode, each row of test data contains the Test Conditions
information. Test conditions for all the tests on the clipboard form can be seen
by clicking the
icon, or selecting Tools/Temp. and Humidity. The
data found on the Test Conditions screen is that of the last test run.
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Figure 3.3 Test Conditions
Test Conditions
Test Results Information
July 22, 2005
Each line of the Clipboard test results contain the following fields:
3-4
Column
Description
No name...
Number – indicates the test line (row) number. There are
36 rows, accessible by scrolling down with the down
arrow key.
TEST ID
Test Identification – on each test line, you can enter a
serial number or description of the test to be performed.
LC
Line Configuration – To get an explanation of the letter
displayed in this column, click the “?” on the icon bar.
Clicking on the will display the pop-up list of choices.
Circuit Desc.
Circuit Description – the abbreviation in this column
defines the test circuit used when performing a test on a
line of the Clipboard Form. Clicking on the will
display a pop-up window of all the choices. Select the
desired choice. See “Test Modes Of The M4000
Analyzer, in the Doble Test Procedures manual.
kV
Kilovolts – this column indicates the test voltage, in
thousands of volts, to be used during the test (for
example, 10.00 means 10,000 volts).
mA
Milliamperes – this column contains the specimen test
current results in milliamps. You cannot enter or make
changes in this column. The results are recorded after
pressing F5 to accept results of a test.
Watts
Watts – this column contains the specimen watts loss test
results in watts. You cannot enter or change results in
this column. The results are recorded after pressing F5 to
accept results of a test.
Meas%PF
Measured Percent Power Factor. This column contains
the calculated percent power factor from the
Milliamperes and watts loss results obtained from the
test. You cannot enter or change results in this column.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Column
Description
Corr. Fact.
Temperature Correction Factor. This column includes
automatic application of temperature correction factors
to the Clipboard Form. The default correction factor is
1.00.
Corr%PF
Corrected Percent Power Factor. In this column, you will
find the results of the Measured Percent Power Factor
Times the Correction Factor. You cannot enter or change
results in this column.
Cap. /Ind.
Capacitance/Inductance. Whether the current is
capacitive or inductive is displayed in this column. You
cannot enter or change results in this column.
RT
Rating. You may enter a one letter rating (G. B. I., etc.)
of the insulation in this column.
N
Note. If a note is entered for a single line, a check mark
will show in this box. A test note is entered by selecting
Test Note... from the Tools pull-down menu item, or by
clicking on the notepad icon. You will be asked to which
test line the note corresponds. The default test line is No.
1.
To enter a note that relates to the entire Clipboard Form,
type in the area at the bottom of the screen titled, Sheet
Note (If it is hidden, click Sheet Note from the View
menu).
To clear a note, select Clear from the Tools pull-down
menu item.
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The Measured Percent Power Factor is multiplied by this
Temperature Correction Factor to obtain the Corrected
Percent Power Factor in the column to the right of the
Corr. Fact. Column. See ”Temperature Correction”
on page 2-12 for this automatic function.
Test Conditions
Running Single and Multiple Clipboard Tests
Either single or multiple tests (up to six at once) may be run. Each row or line
of the test form represents one test, and for each test, the following
information should be entered into the appropriate columns:
•
•
•
•
Test ID
Line Configuration (LC); the default value: A, Reference to 10 kV,
Line Frequency Modulation, 60 Hz, is the most common (use B for a
50 Hz test). Use C, Reference to 10 kV, Line Sync Reversal, for
testing with a resonator or for excitation current tests, regardless of
system frequency.
Circuit Description (GST-Ground, GST-Guard, UST)
Test kV
The above information may be entered before initiating a test. Or, a test may
be initiated immediately, and you will be prompted to enter the line number,
Line Configuration, Circuit Description and Test kV.
July 22, 2005
To run a single test, press F2, or click the
icon.
To run multiple tests (up to six), press FN+F11 or click the
3-6
72A-1230 Rev. F
icon.
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Raising Test Voltage
Figure 3.4 Safety Screen
This screen shows the parameters that will be used when the test is run.
Double-check the cable connections and test parameters. If the test parameters
are not correct, click on the Abort button or press the ESC key.
When the parameters are correct, proceed with the test by depressing both
safety push buttons, and either pressing the ENTER key or clicking on the
Continue button.
WARNING
High voltage will be present after starting the test. Pressing the ESC key
or F4, or releasing a safety push-button, will turn off the high voltage.
The following screen will appear:
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-7
July 22, 2005
After making the necessary entries, the following screen appears:
July 22, 2005
Test Results
Figure 3.5 Test in Progress
The test will proceed automatically if Auto Ramp Mode is selected in the
Clipboard Configuration, or will be ramped up by the operator if Manual Set
Voltage is selected in the Clipboard Configuration. The digital values for these
parameters will be shown to the right of the meters. The table on the screen
describes test conditions and power factor test results. The line on the bottom
of the screen displays the status of the test. When running multiple Clipboard
tests, the line number of the test that is running will be displayed on the same
line. For each test line, the voltage will ramp to the required maximum test
voltage twice. This is required to implement the selected electrostatic
interference cancellation technique (Line Synchronized Reversal or Line
Frequency Modulation).
Test Results
After the test is completed, the following appears:
3-8
72A-1230 Rev. F
Figure 3.6 Test Complete
There are choices listed at the bottom of the screen. An explanation of each
key's function is as follows:
Icon
Description
Pressing F1 will display “Screen Help” which is also available by
clicking on this icon.
Pressing F2 or FN+F11 will “Restart Test”, also available by
clicking on this icon.
Pressing F5 will “Accept Results” of the test(s) successfully
performed, return to the Clipboard Form, and copy the results into
the proper columns. When performing multiple tests, only tests
completed prior to a stopped test will be accepted into the
Clipboard Form. This is also available by clicking on this icon.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-9
July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Clearing Test Results
Icon
Description
Pressing F6 will “Discard Results” and returns you to the
Clipboard Form. This is also available by clicking on this icon.
Clearing Test Results
July 22, 2005
After acceptance of tests, you can clear the test results by selecting Clear/Test
Results from the Tools pull-down menu item, or, by pressing F10. When this is
done, the following screen appears:
Figure 3.7 Clear Test Results
You have the option to clear all tests, clear a single test line, or clear multiple
test lines.
3-10
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Saving Test Results
July 22, 2005
To save the nameplate and clipboard data, select the
icon, or the Save
As... item under the File menu. You will be prompted to select a file name.
You may save in the selected folder (typically C:\doble\dta\data).
Figure 3.8 Saving Clipboard
NOTE
As you add tests in Clipboard, you may want to periodically save the file
to include added test data. All 200 lines may be saved under a single file
name. But after saving with a given file name the first time, all subsequent
saves with the same name will result in the message, “This file already
exists. Do you want to replace it?” Select the “Yes” button, or the new
data will be not be saved. However, if the Serial Number or Special ID
fields have been edited since the last save, the filename, which is based on
one of these two fields, will have changed and the file will be saved based
on the new filename. Once all 36 lines are filled with data, save it one last
time. Then, to continue, you must clear the data and start a new file name.
Graphing Test Results
With the new graphing function, you can graph data on the clipboard sheet.
1. Run a test or open a file, placing data on the clipboard.
2. Select the test data you wish to be graphed.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-11
Running A UST Test
3. Click the
icon. In the pop-up window, select whether you want a
Histogram or a Trend.
4. If a Histogram is chosen, select the value you wish to plot. In Bins, select
the number of ranges you wish to use to categorize your data, then click
Draw.
5. If a Trend is chosen, select values to plot on the X and Y axes, then click
Draw.
6. After you have drawn the graph, there are several icons along the top you
can select to change the type of graph, or to refine it’s appearance.
External Reference/Source Test (Optional Software)
July 22, 2005
Running A UST Test
Figure 3.9 External Reference Main Screen
3-12
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
1. Select “External Reference” from “Mode” on the M4000 menu bar, or
click the External Source icon.
2. There are two test types: UST Measure Blue and GST Guard Blue. Select
UST Measure Blue from the Test Mode column.
3. There will be one clipboard sheet per test sequence with a maximum
number of tests in a sequence of 12.
4. Before running a test, enter the capacitance and power factor of the
reference capacitor, and the maximum test voltage.
5. Start a test by selecting Test from the menu bar, or by pressing F2, or by
clicking one of the lightning bolt icons (single or multiple tests can be
run). The line frequency will be measured and recorded.
7. The safety screen is displayed with your selected settings. When you are
ready to begin the test, select the Continue button.
WARNING
Observe the warning noted in Figure 3.10.
Figure 3.10 Warning
8. The M4000 is now ready to measure. The message “Set Test Voltage, Line
(x), Then Press F3 To Measure”, appears (where (x) is the selected line
number).
9. When you have set the external source to the desired voltage, press the F3
key. The message, “Do not change voltage - collecting data” appears.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-13
July 22, 2005
6. You will be prompted to select a line number on which to place test
results, and whether the test is a Normal or Reversal (the first test for a
given line is by default a Normal test).
Running a GST-Guard Test
10. When the message, “Test Done, Line (x)”, where (x) is the selected line
number, press the F5 key to accept results. The mA, Watts, Percent Power
Factor, and Capacitance/Inductance is recorded on the clipboard sheet.
11. At this point, a reversal could be run for this line (x). To do this, repeat
steps 5 through 10, selecting the same line number, and selecting
“Reversal”. Since performing reversals requires reversing the leads on the
external source, it will be practical to perform a series of Normal tests first,
and then go back, reverse the leads to the external source, and perform a
series of Reversal tests corresponding to the Normal tests.
12. Once you have pressed F5 to save the reversal results, the line(s) that
contain both Normal and Reversal data will be check-marked in the CR
column. If you are testing indoors, it is unlikely you will need to perform
Reversal Tests.
Running a GST-Guard Test
1. Select “External Reference” from “Mode” on the M4000 menu bar, or
click the External Source icon.
July 22, 2005
2. There are two test types: UST Measure Blue and GST Guard Blue. Select
GST Guard Blue from the Test Mode column.
3. There will be one clipboard sheet per test sequence with a maximum
number of tests in a sequence of 12.
4. Before running a test, enter the capacitance and power factor of the
reference capacitor, and the maximum test voltage.
5. Start a test by selecting Test from the menu bar, or by pressing F2, or by
clicking one of the lightning bolt icons (single or multiple tests can be
run). The line frequency will be measured and recorded.
6. You will be prompted to select a line number on which to place test
results, either a Specimen Test or Setup Correction Test (the first test for a
given line is by default a Specimen Test), and either the Normal or
Reversal mode (the first test for each line is by default a Normal mode
test).
7. The safety screen is displayed with your selected settings. When you are
ready to begin the test, select the Continue button.
WARNING
3-14
For the External Source Test Mode, safety switches and the strobe light
are not used. The External Source voltage is not controlled by the M4000.
Proper safety precautions must be taken.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
8. The M4000 is now ready to measure. The message “Set Test Voltage, Line
(x), Then Press F3 To Measure”, appears (where (x) is the selected line
number).
9. When you have set the external source to the desired voltage, press the F3
key. The message, “Do not change voltage - collecting data” appears.
11. At this point, if your test was a Specimen Test, you could run the Setup
Correction Test for this line (x). To do this, repeat steps 5 through 10,
selecting the same line number, and selecting Setup Correction Test. Since
performing the Setup Correction Test requires removing the high voltage
cable from the specimen, it will be practical to perform a series of
Specimen Tests first, and then go back, remove the high voltage cable
from the specimen, and perform a series of Setup Correction Tests
corresponding to the Specimen tests. If the losses of the High Voltage
cable and transformer can be guarded, it is not necessary to perform the
setup.
12. Once you have pressed F5 to save the Setup Correction Test results, the
line(s) that contain both the Specimen Test and Setup Correction Test will
be check-marked in the CR column.
13. You now have the option of repeating your tests in the reversal mode.
Simply repeat steps 5-12, always selecting the Reversal mode instead of
the Normal mode. When finished, you will have done either two tests per
line (no reversal tests made) or four tests per line (including reversal tests).
If testing indoors, Reversal Tests are not likely to be necessary.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-15
July 22, 2005
10. When the message, “Test Done, Line (x)”, where (x) is the selected line
number, press the F5 key to accept results. The mA, Watts, Percent Power
Factor, and Capacitance/Inductance is recorded on the clipboard sheet.
Running a GST-Guard Test
Leakage Reactance Test (Optional Software)
July 22, 2005
1. Click on the Leakage Reactance button
to display the Leakage
Reactance test. Fill in Location, Manufacturer, and Serial Number.
2. Click the Benchmark tab and enter the nameplate data; this includes the
transformer impedance, and the MVA, kV, and tap positions at which it
was measured in the factory.
3. If this is not the first test, enter the benchmark values from the first test; if
it is the first test, enter the transformer nameplate impedance in both the
impedance and reactance benchmark fields.
4. Select the Winding Configuration, then the Test Configuration. If this is
the first test, perform a 3 phase equivalent test for comparison to
nameplate impedance, then three per phase tests (one per phase) to obtain
benchmark values for each phase for comparison to future tests.
5. Use the Phase column to identify the winding measured.
6. Click the Run a Test icon
to start the test.
For complete details of this test, including test setup and connections, see
“Leakage Reactance Testing” in the Doble Test Procedures manual.
NOTE
3-16
Always exit Windows before shutting off your M4000 Insulation
Analyzer.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
DTA Mode
The remainder of this chapter describes how to run tests in the Doble Test
Assistant (DTA) Mode. For a complete description of the DTA program, refer
to the DTA Field System for Windows Users Guide. It is recommended that
this manual be available for reference.
NOTE
The DTA Mode is not available unless the DTA software has been
purchased and has been loaded onto the M4000. If you are not using DTA,
all testing with the M4000 will be done in the “CIipboard” mode, as
described earlier.
DTA Tests
July 22, 2005
With no test type selected, the main M4000 screen appears as follows:
Figure 3.11 M4000 Main Window
To test in the DTA Mode:
•
Click on the
icon,
or
•
Select the “Mode” item on the menu bar using the mouse, or by
pressing ALT+M. Then select DTA option.
Either the icon or the menu method will bring you to the DTA Data Manager,
seen in Figure 3.12.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-17
Running a GST-Guard Test
DTA Data Manager
July 22, 2005
Figure 3.12 DTA Data Manager
If you are using the windows version of DTA for the first time, the working
directory may appear as “C:\DOBLE\DTA\DATA”. If you have been using the
DOS version of DTA, your working directory is “C\DTA\DATA”. If you wish
to continue using the old directory, or wish to change the directory, proceed as
follows:
1. Click the Source button under the icons at the top of the screen.
2. From the pop-up window, select the new directory.
3. If using DTA version 4.1, run the program, and from the main screen:
4. Select Change from the Directory menu.
3-18
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
5. In the resulting pop-up Source Directory window, type in the desired
directory.
6. Click on “Dir List” if you want to browse through your computer files and
locate another.
Preparing for a DTA Test
NOTE
The M4000 software version 3.xx requires DTA software version 5.xx.
1. Click the New icon
if no previous tests for this apparatus are
available in DTA. This will create a new test and a new apparatus record.
3. See the DTA Users Guide on how to arrive at the ID panel of the new test
form, if necessary.
4. If the open file contains previous test data, click the Next Test Date icon
. This creates a new, blank, set of test sheets.
5. Enter the atmospheric conditions by clicking the
selecting Test Conditions from the View menu.
icon, or by
6. After entering necessary nameplate data and other apparatus identification,
proceed to the Overall test form.
7. Connect the test cables to the apparatus to be tested. See the DTA test form
for help in making the connections for the tests listed, or see the Doble Test
Procedures manual.
Starting a DTA Test
1. Move the cursor to the “Test kV” field for the test to be performed. Type in
the required test voltage.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-19
July 22, 2005
2. If a previous test exists in your DTA directory, select it from the existing
apparatus tests in the right-hand column (if there is still no list, you may
have the wrong directory). Double click the desired apparatus in the righthand panel of DTA. To sort the displayed list, click on the column you
wish to sort by.
Running a GST-Guard Test
2. Start a test by clicking the
icon, or by selecting from the Test
menu, Run Test - M4000. The “Test Conditions” window will appear if
you haven’t yet filled it in, with “Prb” in the air temperature field. This
indicates that air temperature will be entered automatically by the M4000
Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor. If “Prb” doesn’t appear, then
the temperature/humidity sensor is not connected or is not working. An oil
temperature is required for oil-filled equipment. If the Temperature and
Relative Humidity Sensor is not used, an air temperature is also required.
3. Click the OK button in the Test Conditions window.
4. A “Run M4000 Test” pop-up window will appear.
5. Choose to run a single or a multiple test. A single test is a test for the line
the cursor is on. The multiple test will run all tests associated with one set
of connections. Select the appropriate choice (see the DTA manual for
details). You will most likely select Multiple Tests - Default.
July 22, 2005
6. In some types of apparatus, such as live-tank breakers or three-winding
transformers, both red and blue leads are generally used. In such cases,
DTA will ask you where each color lead was placed. You may select the
Setup button in any case, to check the selected test voltage for each test
you plan to do, as well as the default test circuit.
You will then be presented with a safety screen, where test circuit and voltage
can be checked. This is your last chance to be sure these parameters are
correct, and to abort the test if they are wrong.
3-20
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
1. Select the “Abort” button to return to DTA and make changes. Make this
choice if the test voltage needs to be changed.
2. Select the “Configure” button to change other test parameters, such as
Frequency or Test Type.
WARNING
High voltage will be present after starting the test. Pressing the ESC or F4
key, or releasing a safety switch button, will turn off the high voltage.
When the parameters are correct, proceed with the test by:
3. Pressing both safety switch buttons.
4. Selecting the “Continue” button by highlighting it and pressing the
ENTER key.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-21
July 22, 2005
Figure 3.13 Safety Screen
Running a GST-Guard Test
July 22, 2005
The following screen will appear:
Figure 3.14 DTA Test In Progress
The test will proceed automatically. The test specimen’s current, watts loss,
and voltage will be displayed in three analog meters (horizontal bars) on the
screen. The digital values for these parameters will be shown to the right of the
meters. The table on the screen describes test conditions and test results. The
horizontal bar at the bottom of the screen displays the status of the test.
For each test being performed, the voltage will ramp to the preselected
maximum twice. This is required to implement the selected interference
cancellation technique (Line Synchronized Reversal or Line Frequency
Modulation).
When the test is over, the status bar will read “Test Done”.
3-22
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 3.15 End of DTA Test
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-23
Running a GST-Guard Test
DTA Icons and Function Keys
A list of function keys is displayed at the bottom of the screen after the test. In
addition, a row of icons appears at the top of the screen. An explanation of
each icon and key function follows:
July 22, 2005
Selecting this icon or
function key…
Does this…
icon or F1 key
Displays screen Help
icon or F2 or F11 key
Restarts the test
icon or F5 key
Accepts test results, returns to the
DTA form, and copies the results into the
proper locations. When performing
multiple tests, only tests completed prior
to a stopped test will be accepted into
DTA
icon or F6 key
Discards test results, returning to the
DTA form
After pressing the F5 key to accept results, the test data and insulation rating
should be reviewed for correctness. The operator can continue to the next test
on the DTA form.
NOTE
3-24
Always exit Windows before shutting off your M4000 Insulation
Analyzer.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
July 22, 2005
Using A Resonator
Figure 3.16 The Doble Resonator
The Doble Type C Resonating Inductor is an iron-core reactor with an
adjustable air gap, capable of resonating capacitances within a range of 0.05 to
1.0 microfarads at 60 Hz, and a range of 0.07-1.4 at 50 Hz. It is designed to
extend the current range of Doble 10 kV Power-Factor Test Sets up to four
Amps, assuming a lossless specimen, at voltages up to 10 kV. It extends the
use of the set for testing relatively long cable lengths, large rotating machines,
and other high-capacitance specimens. The ultimate range of the resonator
depends not only on the capacitance of the specimen but also the total losses of
the specimen under test.
Figure 3.17 Power-Factor Test Set and Type C Resonating Inductor
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-25
Operating Procedure of Type C Resonating Inductor
The Resonator, shown schematically in Figure 3.18, is contained in a metal
housing measuring 24 x 17 x 15 inches, and weighs approximately 185
pounds.
NOTE
L adjustable from 7 to 140 Henries @60Hz.
Counter dial calibrated per calibration chart supplied with each unit.
Resonator chassis ground connected to test ground through cable shield
or external test ground lead.
July 22, 2005
Figure 3.18 Schematic of Type C Resonating Inductor
Operating Procedure of Type C Resonating Inductor
The Resonator is connected to the M4100 Instrument by means of an 8-ft,10
kV jumper cable. The regular 10 kV test cable is connected between the
Resonator and the test specimen. Cable receptacles will be found in the rear of
the Resonator case and can be used interchangeably (see Figure 3.18).
The Resonator is equipped with a core-clamping arrangement to reduce the
noise level when the Resonator is in use, and more importantly, to minimize
vibration. A speeder-type wrench is provided for use with this clamping
arrangement and for use in tuning the Resonator. The clamping adjustment is
located in the front vertical face of the Resonator while the tuning control is
located in the top panel. Turning the clamping adjustment approximately 180°
counterclockwise or clockwise will either unclamp or clamp the core,
respectively.
If the equivalent 10 kV charging current of the test specimen is known, the
Resonator may be set approximately by adjusting the tuning control until the
counter setting corresponds to this current. Mounted on the Resonator panel is
a reference chart relating the approximate counter reading to the specimen
current.
3-26
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Accurate tuning of the Resonator is obtained by turning the tuning control
until the current taken from the 120 volt supply is a minimum. To do this in
the Clipboard test mode, follow this procedure:
1. Set the test for Line Sync Reversal (Under the LC column, select C).
2. Connect the M4000, the resonator, and the specimen as shown in
Figure 3.17
3. Select the “System” tab from the “Tools/Configuration” menu of the
M4000.
4. Set the M4000 to the “Manual Set Voltage” Ramp Mode.
NOTE
Do not raise the test voltage beyond the allowed limit for the attached
specimen.
5. Unclamp the Resonator Core.
6. Raise the test voltage to about 2 kV, using the Page Up (fast) or Up Arrow
(slow) keys.
8. Tune the Resonator until the “input current” of the M4000 is at a
minimum.
9. To fine tune, raise the voltage to the final test voltage, or as close to it as
possible, and repeat steps 7 and 8.
10. Reclamp the Resonator core.
11. Lower the voltage. The Resonator is tuned and you are ready to enter
information on the row in the clipboard you are using for the test.
12. When filling in the clipboard row prior to starting the test, remember to
select one of the “Line Sync Reversal” choices, C or F, in the LC (Line
Configuration) column. For a description of all the Line Configuration
choices, see “Glossary”, in the “Contents” selection of the M4000 “Help”
menu.
13. When finished using the Resonator, you may wish to return to Tools/
Configuration and return the M4000 to its original settings of “Auto.
Ramp Voltage” Ramp Mode in the System Configuration.
Due to the high currents involved requiring the use of the Resonator, the 120
volt supply cord to the M4100 should be of relatively large wire gauge in order
to minimize the line voltage drop.
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-27
July 22, 2005
7. Observe the “input current” in the “Test Results” box.
Operating Procedure of Type C Resonating Inductor
General Description of Type C-1 Coupler - RIV Test Procedure
NOTE
Recommended for M2H only.
RIV (Radio-Influence Voltage) measurements may be of value in detecting
corona on all types of insulation systems. One of the most common
applications of RIV is with reference to rotating machinery insulation. The
RIV Coupler in Figure 3.19 permits coupling of the radio-noise meter to the
specimen with AC test voltage provided by the test set (refer to ANSI Guide
C68.3- and IEEE Standard 454, “IEEE Recommended Practice for the
Detection and Measurement of Partial Discharges (Corona) During Dielectric
Tests”). The method usually employed detects partial discharges in the 1 MHz
range. While some radio-noise meters use a diode-noise generator to produce
reference signals, it is also feasible to use a radio receiver in conjunction with
a standard signal generator. The signal generator should be capable of putting
out a signal in the vicinity of 1 MHz, 50% modulated at 400 Hz, with a
metered, adjustable output between 1 and 100,000 microvolts.
July 22, 2005
Figure 3.19 is a schematic of the Test Set complete with Resonator and
coupling network (i.e., RIV Coupler) arranged for RIV (Radio-Influence
Voltage) measurements. Note that the three components are arranged
physically in series by means of two shielded jumper cables furnished with
this equipment. One of the cables is connected between the M4100 Instrument
and the Resonator. The second is connected between the Resonator and the
RIV Coupler terminal marked “TRANSFORMER”. A standard 60-ft cable is
used between the specimen and the RIV Coupler terminal marked
“SPECIMEN.”
For low-capacitance specimens, when the Resonator is not used, connection is
made directly from the M4100 Instrument to the RIV Coupler terminal
marked “TRANSFORMER.”
Connection between the RIV Coupler and the radio-noise meter used for
making RIV measurements is made by means of a single-circuit lead and
telephone plug which plugs into the receptacle marked “DETECTOR” in the
front of the Coupler. A separate common ground must be run from the M2H
transformer case to the ground terminal of the radio-noise meter. To minimize
shunting effects on the radio-noise meter, the capacitance between the RIV
measuring lead and ground must be kept low. For this reason, use of a
common two-conductor or shielded single-conductor lead is not recommended
between the RIV Coupler and radio-noise meter.
3-28
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Note that the circuit in Figure 3.19 is so arranged that, when the telephone
plug is removed from the Coupler, the lower terminal of the coupling capacitor
is connected to the test-setguard circuit. In this way, the Coupler may be left
connected for power-factor tests. The telephone plug must be removed or the
capacitor current and losses will be included in the measurement. Note that if
the telephone plug (i.e., the radio-noise meter) is left connected, the Coupler
adds only a small watts loss to the measurement being made. Despite the
shielding, some stray capacitive currents are measured. The stray currents (at
10 kV) may be measured with the Coupler connected for test but with no
specimen connected. For low-capacitance specimens, this current may be
subtracted before the power-factor calculation is made, if it is appreciable
compared with the specimen current.
July 22, 2005
The RIV Coupler is contained
in a metal housing measuring
9¼ x 14½ x 11½ inches, and
weighs approximately 25
pounds.
Figure 3.19 Coupling Arrangement for RIV Measurements with 10 kV Test
Sets
72A-1230 Rev. F
3-29
Operating Procedure of Type C Resonating Inductor
When the telephone plug is not connected to the Coupling Box, the lower
terminal of the Coupling Capacitor is connected to the Test Set Guard
Circuit. When the telephone plug is inserted into the receptacle, the
Guard connection to the lower terminal of the Coupling Capacitor is
removed and ground is applied to the low end of the 600 Ohm resistor via
the barrel of the telephone plug.
July 22, 2005
NOTE
3-30
72A-1230 Rev. F
4. M4100 Instrument Troubleshooting
Assigning A Trouble To The M4100 Instrument (Or The M4200c Controller)
This section is intended to guide the operator’s initial steps in troubleshooting
problems with the performance of the M4000 Insulation Analyzer. It outlines
the resources available for diagnosis of problems and points to specific
information in this chapter, or to the M4200c Controller manual. The overall
purpose of this chapter is to support user personnel in diagnosing and fixing a
majority of the difficulties that might be encountered in the field.
If it is clear that a problem is associated with the M4200c Controller, refer
to the M4200c Controller manual. If it is clear that a problem is associated
with the M4100 Instrument, continue through this chapter. If there is
doubt as to the cause of a problem, proceed to the next page.
Doble’s Customer Service staff is always available to support its
customers if more guidance is required.
Quick Checks
Certain problems are very common and attributable to operator error or
mishandling. Before investigating more complex causes of observed
problems, run through the following list to determine if a simple oversight is
the cause of trouble:
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-1
July 22, 2005
NOTE
Troubleshooting Resources
Table 4.1 Quick Checks: Can You Answer Yes To These Items:
Item
The communications cable is securely connected between the
M4200c (or third-party controller) and the M4100.
Both the M4200c and M4100 are turned on and connected to an
active, stable power source, appropriately rated and grounded.
Both safety switches were held closed during a specimen test and
released between tests as required.
The test cables are securely connected to the specimen under test,
and the specimen is ungrounded.
All the test leads are in good condition.
The printer is correctly loaded with paper of the proper kind.
July 22, 2005
Neither unit has been dropped recently or otherwise undergone
rough treatment.
The floppy disk drive was empty during M4000 software boot-up.
The Num Lock and Caps Lock keys on the keyboard are switched
off.
NOTE
A majority of test set problems involve only the test leads, i.e. the High
Voltage Test Cable and the Low Voltage Test Leads. Be especially alert to
the condition of these items. They can be readily tested by following the
procedures in ”Running Other Tests” on page 4-42.
Troubleshooting Resources
The operator should consult this chapter first when a problem appears. It will
help isolate the problem to the M4200c or the M4100 and will point to the
most appropriate resources available to resolve the problem as quickly as
possible. There are four categories of resources available, and these are
summarized in Table 4.2.
4-2
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Resource
Description
M4100
Reference
Symptoms
The most basic troubleshooting tool is the
observation of a symptom of trouble by the M4000
operator. It is often the starting point for more
detailed diagnostics.
page 4-12
Error Messages
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer automatically
recognizes certain exception conditions and
displays corresponding error messages to the
operator. A Help button is also available in each
displayed message box to provide guidance on
suggested causes and cures.
page 4-16
Diagnostics
The M4000 supports automated self-diagnostic tests
that are useful in validating system operation and
troubleshooting problems that may occur.
Diagnostics should be run on a regular basis to
ensure that the M4000 Insulation Analyzer is
functioning properly. The Diagnostics should also
be used to investigate potential causes of error
messages. Test results should be sent to Doble if
Doble assistance is being requested.
page 4-21
Other Tests
Certain relatively simple external and internal tests
can be performed to characterize a problem and
point to a specific solution. In some cases these tests
can avoid the need for component swapping as a
diagnostic tool.
page 4-42
and
page 4-50
July 22, 2005
Table 4.2 M4000 Troubleshooting Resources
Isolating Trouble
The first step in pinpointing a problem is to determine whether the problem
lies with the M4200c (or third-party controller) or the M4100. Consult
Table 4.3 to determine which is the malfunctioning unit and what to do next.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-3
Avoiding Problems
July 22, 2005
Table 4.3 Isolating the Problem
Observation
Suggested Action
A numbered error message
appears in the display.
The M4100 is likely to be at fault. See
”Troubleshooting from Error Messages”
on page 4-16. Also, click on Help for
further guidance.
An un-numbered error
message appears in the
display.
The M4200c is likely to be at fault. See
”Troubleshooting from Diagnostics”
on page 4-21. Also, click on Help for
further guidance.
The M4000 fails to
complete the test of a
specimen or yields unusual
results.
The M4100 is likely to be at fault. See
”Troubleshooting from Symptoms”
on page 4-12.
The M4000 does not print as
expected.
The problem lies with the M4200c. See the
M4200c Controller manual.
A Diagnostics test has
failed.
If the Communications Loopback Test has
failed, the fault lies with the M4200c; see
”Communications Loopback Test”
on page 4-40. If any other Diagnostics test
has failed, the M4100 is probably at fault;
see ”Running Other Tests” on page 4-42.
Either the display or
keyboard is nonresponsive
or responds in an
unexpected manner.
The M4200c is at fault. See the M4200c
Controller manual.
The M4000 software is
either not working or acting
erratically.
The fault probably lies with the M4200c.
See the M4200c Controller manual.
Any other symptom, not
described above, is evident.
See ”Troubleshooting from Symptoms”
on page 4-12.
Avoiding Problems
The M4000 test set is rugged and can give many years of trouble-free service
if it is handled with reasonable care. The following practices are suggested to
minimize performance problems in the field.
Precautions
It is recommended that the following precautions be followed:
•
4-4
Keep the M4100 Instrument and Accessories clean and dry. Select a
suitable storage location.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
•
•
•
•
•
The following preventive maintenance actions are suggested:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Periodically check all screw connections for tightness.
Examine the High Voltage Test Cable periodically and check for
corrosion, loose screws, gouges or cuts in the outer protective jacket,
and for signs of tracking on the inboard and outboard potheads.
Examine the inboard connectors of the various leads and accessories
periodically.
Periodically examine the connectors on the instrument case.
Visually examine the safety switches periodically for worn
connections.
Periodically check that the HV Pothead receptacle on the instrument
case is clean and dry.
Periodically run the Calibration Verification Test (page 4-26) to check
for proper system operation.
Detailed Troubleshooting Of The M4100 Instrument
This section provides information that is useful in:
•
•
•
•
NOTE
Troubleshooting problems related to M4100 performance
Performing specific external and internal checks to isolate the cause of
M4100 malfunctions
Accessing and replacing M4100 components which have failed
Installing upgrades to certain M4100 components
To address M4000 test set performance problems, it is important to follow
the guidelines in the previous section before making the assumption that
the M4100 is at fault.
The major parts of this section and their purposes are summarized below:
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-5
July 22, 2005
Preventive
Maintenance
Do not drop the instrument.
Do not bend or coil the High Voltage Test Cable too tightly, no smaller
than a 12-inch diameter coil.
Do not use test leads for hoisting.
Do not drag the High Voltage Test Cable or other leads across the
ground, particularly if the ground surface is crushed stone.
Do not yank at a Low Voltage Test Lead to disconnect its outboard
clip, and do not yank any lead from its instrument connection.
July 22, 2005
Avoiding Problems
4-6
Section
Purpose
Page
Reference
Overview of M4100
Get introduced to the M4100
Instrument
page 4-7
Overview of
Individual
Replaceable
Components
Identify all customer-replaceable
components of the M4100
page 4-9
Troubleshooting from
Symptoms
Obtain detailed guidance on
troubleshooting, starting with
observed symptoms of
malfunction
page 4-12
Troubleshooting from
Error Messages
Obtain detailed guidance on
troubleshooting, starting with
observed error messages
page 4-16
Troubleshooting from
Diagnostics
Get help in running and
interpreting the results of
automated self-diagnostic tests
page 4-21
Running Other Tests
Identifying additional tests that
can be run to troubleshoot
problems without gaining access
to internal components
page 4-42
Accessing M4100
Components
Learn how to remove the
instrument’s covers and identify its
major components
page 4-46
M4100 Internal
Checks
Learn about internal checks that
can be performed to diagnose
problems without replacing
components
page 4-50
Replacing M4100
Components
Obtain detailed instructions on
replacing components for the
purpose of diagnosis or repair
Replace:
page 4-56
Front Panel Assembly
page 4-58
Guard Front Panel Board
page 4-61
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Purpose
Page
Reference
Amplifier Assembly
page 4-63
Guard Mode Switch Board
page 4-66
Timing Board
page 4-68
DSP/CPU Board
page 4-70
Safety Board
page 4-72
Main Reference Assembly
page 4-74
Guard Board
page 4-76
Low Voltage Power Supply Board
page 4-78
Heater/Temperature Controller
Board
page 4-80
Field Calibration Reference
page 4-82
I/O Protection Board
page 4-83
Transformer
page 4-85
HV Pothead
page 4-91
Fan Filter
page 4-93
Fan
page 4-94
July 22, 2005
Section
Overview of M4100
The M4100 stimulates the insulation specimen under test with an AC voltage
up to 12 kV in magnitude, an applied potential whose fundamental frequency
is at or near the power system frequency. The instrument directly measures the
specimen’s current and voltage to derive all reported output parameters
relating to insulation properties, including power loss, capacitance and power
factor. The applied AC voltage is asynchronous with the power line frequency
so that electrostatic interference can be filtered out. The M4100 contains
digital control, power, analog measurement and safety circuits.
An overview of the M4100 and its major components gives a good starting
point for gaining basic functional knowledge that is helpful in effective
troubleshooting. A block diagram of the M4100, illustrating its major
components, appears in Figure 4.1 on page 4-8.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-7
4-8
+5V
RS/232
Figure 4.1 M4100 Block Diagram
72A-1230 Rev. F
Heater/
Temperature
Controller
Board
I/O
Protection
Board
(04D-0546)
–5V +15V –15V
Low Voltage
Power Supply
Board
(384-0138)
M4200c
Controller
Safety Switches
Strobe
Temp/
Humidity
Sensor
Safety
Board
(04D-0544)
Fan
Amplifier
Assembly
(03D-1055-01)
Sine
Wave
Generator
Line Sync
Backplane Bus
Time
Base
Generator
Crystal
Transformer
200V 12kV
Timing Board (04D-0533)
Safety Relays
July 22, 2005
DSP/CPU
Board
(04D-0520)
A/D Converter
18-Bit
Guard Board
(04D-0527
Mode
Switch
Blue
100V
1000V
Red
Guard
Front
LV
Panel
Blue
Board
(04D-0536)
LV
Red
High Voltage
Test Cable
HV Pothead
Field
Calibration
Reference
(03D-1051)
Guard Mode Switch Board
(04D-0551)
Reference
Resistor
Main Reference
Assembly
(03D-1052)
Avoiding Problems
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Overview of Individual Replaceable Components
An overview of each of the instrument’s replaceable components is provided
below. While a few other M4100 components exist, they are not
field-replaceable.
03D-1056
Guard Front Panel Board
04D-0536
Amplifier Assembly
03D-1055-01
Guard Mode Switch Board
04D-0551
Timing Board
04D-0533
DSP/CPU Board
04D-0520
72A-1230 Rev. F
The Front Panel Assembly includes all front
panel-mounted components, including the
Guard Front Panel Board and the I/O
Protection Board.
The Guard Front Panel Board provides
interconnections for the low voltage test
leads and the Guard Mode Switch Board.
The Amplifier Assembly converts the AC
input signal – whether synchronous with the
power system frequency or derived from a
crystal oscillator – to AC test stimulus
power. It drives a 10 kV step-up transformer
through safety relay contacts.
The Guard Mode Switch Board consists of
an array of semiconductor (FET) switches
that routes the measured specimen and
reference currents to the Guard Board, in
accordance with the desired test mode.
The Timing Board serves two main
purposes. First, it provides a high speed
clock for A/D conversion. The clock is
either synchronized to a selected test
frequency, generally between 40 and 70 Hz,
or synchronized to the line frequency.
Second, this board provides a frequency
counter used to measure the test frequency.
The DSP/CPU Board serves as the M4100
system controller and as a digital signal
processor for high speed algorithmic
processing of analog signals.
4-9
July 22, 2005
Front Panel Assembly
Avoiding Problems
Safety Board
04D-0544
Main Reference Assembly
04D-0583
Guard Board
July 22, 2005
04D-0527
Low Voltage Power Supply
Board
384-0138
Heater/Temperature
Controller Board
04D-0547
Field Calibration Reference
(Optional)
04D-0524
4-10
The Safety Board latches off the Amplifier
Assembly and opens the safety relays when
a potential operator safety hazard or
hardware overload is detected. It also
reports safety status and receives safety
commands from the DSP/CPU Board.
The Main Reference Assembly stores
calibration standard values used in
comparing the measured specimen power
factor and capacitance values.
The Guard Board provides signal
conditioning of the specimen and reference
currents for A/D conversion. Its functions
include shunt selection, signal scaling,
anti-alias filtering and A/D conversion. The
optimum current range is selected
automatically unless the operator manually
specifies a range.
The Low Voltage Power Supply Board
supplies +5 VDC, –5 VDC, +15 VDC and
–15 VDC for internal use throughout the
M4100 Instrument.
The Heater/Temperature Controller Board
senses the internal temperature and controls
the fan.
The Field Calibration Reference provides a
means for checking calibration of the
M4100 in the field using pre-calibrated,
precision resistors. It can also be used as an
external reference for other types of
measurements, such as transformer
short-circuit impedance tests and turns-ratio
tests.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
I/O Protection Board
04D-0546
Transformer
03D-1054
HV Pothead
03C-0056-07
Fan
The Transformer steps up the voltage output
of the Amplifier Assembly to a maximum of
12 kV for application to the specimen under
test.
The front panel-mounted HV Pothead is a
connector providing a high-voltage
connection to the specimen under test.
The fan cools the interior of the M4100 by
moving air through the instrument when
necessary. It is normally not on.
July 22, 2005
380-0042
The I/O Protection Board provides serial
communications between the M4100 and
M4200c and interfaces with the safety
strobe light, temperature/humidity sensors
and safety switch. It also provides certain
safety features under hardware and software
control.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-11
Avoiding Problems
Troubleshooting from Symptoms
This section provides M4100 troubleshooting guidance based upon observed
malfunction symptoms. Find the observed symptom in Table 4.4, and take the
suggested action(s) to solve the problem.
July 22, 2005
Table 4.4 M4100 Troubleshooting from Symptoms
Symptom
Suggested Action
M4100 does not power up
properly
In a normal power-up sequence:
• Front panel Power indicator comes
on and stays on.
• Front panel Processor indicator
flashes about once per second until
M4200c communications is
established, then comes on and stays
on.
• Front panel Heater indicator remains
off.
If power-up is abnormal:
1. Check F1, a 4-A fuse, as described in
”LVPS Fuses” on page 4-52.
2. Check fuses F1 and F2 on the
Heater/Temperature Controller Board as
shown in Figure 4.41 on page 4-80.
3. Check the power supply voltages as
described in ”Low-Voltage Power
Checkout” on page 4-51.
4-12
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Table 4.4 M4100 Troubleshooting from Symptoms (Continued)
Symptom
Suggested Action
Cannot begin a test; the test
set trips, with an overcurrent
error message
1. Isolate the cause by restarting a test after
alternately:
•
Disconnecting the High Voltage Test
Cable from the M4100
Disconnecting the High Voltage Test
Cable from the specimen (but still
connected to the M4100)
DANGER
Avoid personal contact with
the High Voltage Test Cable
while it is connected to the
M4100. Death or severe
injury is an imminent risk.
If the symptom disappears, test the cable
by referring to ”Checking the High
Voltage Test Cable” on page 4-42.
Replace the High Voltage Test Cable if
necessary.
2. Check connections to the specimen.
3. The size of the specimen may be beyond
the capacity of the test set, or the point
to which the High Voltage Test Cable is
connected may be grounded.
4. Check the HV Pothead for tracking,
arcing, pothead separation and
cleanliness. If it is faulty, replace it.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-13
July 22, 2005
•
Avoiding Problems
Table 4.4 M4100 Troubleshooting from Symptoms (Continued)
Symptom
Suggested Action
Instrument takes an
unusually long time to make
a measurement or never
stops ranging
1. Check and clean connections to the
specimen. Use a clip lead between the
High Voltage Test Cable and specimen
to insure good contact.
2. Check the High Voltage Test Cable by
referring to ”Checking the High Voltage
Test Cable” on page 4-42. Then check
the HV Pothead. If either component is
faulty, replace it.
3. Check for an unstable AC power source
or a faulty power cable.
1. Check cable and ground connections.
Tests made using GST
circuits yield high, negative,
or unstable readings
1. Check for a guard-to-ground short as
described in ”Checking M4100
Guard-to-Ground Insulation”
on page 4-43. If a short is detected, see
”Guard-to-Ground Shorting Problems”
on page 4-51.
July 22, 2005
Reported Current, Watts,
and/or % Power Factor are
zero
2. Insignificant values (% Power Factor
between 0 and –0.04%, Watts < 10 µW,
and Current < 0.1 µA) are rounded to
zero. These results can occur when
measuring across a vacuum or SF6
interrupter, or when testing a good oil
sample using the UST circuit.
2. See ”Orange Cable Checkout”
on page 4-54.
4-14
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Symptom
Suggested Action
Negative watts obtained in
UST or GST-Guard circuit
This may simply be due to surface dirt and
moisture. Clean and dry the specimen’s
surface and retest it. This condition is most
often found when testing bushing C1
insulation, transformer Ch1 insulation, or
rotating machinery interwinding insulation.
In the case of a bushing, the offending
surface may be that on the lower part of the
bushing inside its parent apparatus, or on the
inside surface of the shell. See the paper in
1987 Doble Minutes on negative watts, page
2-501.
Communications error
message
If any of a variety of
communications-related error messages (see
Appendix C) is displayed, take the
following steps in sequence until the cause
of the problem is identified:
1. Run the Communications Loopback
Test described in ”Communications
Loopback Test” on page 4-40.
2. Check the communications cable
(between the M4100 and M4200c) for
bent connector pins and breaks or frayed
areas in the cable jacket. Replace the
cable if necessary (see item 5 of
”Accessory Bag” on page A-2).
3. Check the M4100 power supply
voltages as described in ”Low-Voltage
Power Checkout” on page 4-51.
Replace the Low Voltage Power Supply
Board if necessary.
4. If no other cause is determined, replace
the I/O Protection Board in the M4100
(see ”Replacing the I/O Protection
Board” on page 4-83).
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-15
July 22, 2005
Table 4.4 M4100 Troubleshooting from Symptoms (Continued)
Avoiding Problems
Troubleshooting from Error Messages
The M4000 Insulation Analyzer automatically recognizes certain exception
conditions and displays corresponding error messages to the operator. Most
error messages that pertain to the M4100 are numbered. These are described
below.
NOTE
A complete list of all M4000 error messages appears in Appendix C.
A few messages that point to very simple problems can be displayed, such as
not having the M4100 turned on, not having it connected to the M4200c (or
your laptop), or attempting to energize a specimen that is at ground potential.
Other, less obvious messages are addressed below.
July 22, 2005
Error messages are listed in numerical order, followed by one or more
suggested actions to take in response to the message. A Help button is also
available in each displayed message box to provide guidance on suggested
causes and cures.]
Table 4.5 Error Messages
#
Error Message
Suggested Action
20
Watchdog Reset
Error
1. After installing new software and when
performing the first test thereafter, an
interruption in firmware download may
have occurred (i.e. the test set was
turned off while the message,
“Downloading Firmware” was
displayed. See ”M4000 Software”
on page 2-1).
2. If performing an excitation current test,
repeat the test at a lower voltage.
3. If testing with a portable power supply,
stabilize the supply by preloading it with
a space heater or similar load.
4. Reload the old version of software, then
the new version again (see ”M4000
Software” on page 2-1).
28
4-16
Earth Ground
Open
1. Connect the M4000 to ground.
2. Connect the M4000 ground to the same
ground as the system’s AC power
source.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Table 4.5 Error Messages (Continued)
#
Error Message
Suggested Action
33
One or both safety
switch cables
disconnected
1. Clean all cable terminations.
34
2. If the problem persists, replace the I/O
Protection Board (see”Replacing the I/O
Protection Board” on page 4-83)
1. Check the AC power source for
abnormally low voltage.
3. If the problem is still unresolved,
replace the Amplifier Assembly and
rerun its diagnostic. Rerun the original
specimen test at rated voltage
(see”Replacing the Amplifier
Assembly” on page 4-63).
35
Overcurrent on
Power Amp Output
The instrument’s output current limit has
been exceeded.
1. Repeat the test at a lower voltage.
2. Check all test connections.
3. Check for an inadvertently grounded
specimen.
36
Power Amp DC
Supply High
Check the AC power source for abnormally
high voltage.
37
Power Amp DC
Supply Low
1. Check the AC power source for
abnormally low voltage.
2. Try a heavier gauge or shorter AC line
cord to the M4100.
3. Replace the Amplifier Assembly (see
”Replacing the Amplifier Assembly”
on page 4-63).
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-17
July 22, 2005
2. If this message was reported when
running a specimen test, run
”Subsystem Diagnostics” on page 4-34.
Avoiding Problems
Table 4.5 Error Messages (Continued)
#
Error Message
Suggested Action
39
Phase Lock Loop
Not Locked
1. If a portable generator is being used to
power the M4000, stabilize its output
frequency by adding a load, such as a
space heater, to load the generator.
2. If the symptom occurs in line sync mode
only, replace the Amplifier Assembly. If
it occurs in both state modes, reseat the
W8 cable connectors between the Guard
Board and Guard Mode Switch Board
(see Figure 4.26 on page 4-53). Replace
the Guard Board and Guard Mode
Switch Board, one at a time, if reseating
the cable connectors does not help.
Strobe Not
Flashing
July 22, 2005
41
Replace the strobe lamp. If the fixture needs
replacing, temporarily operate the
instrument without a strobe:
1. Select Instrument from the
Tools/Configuration menu in the
M4000 software.
2. Disable the strobe requirement.
50
51
4-18
Lead Changed
During Test
1. Clean all cable terminations.
Safety Switches
Not Released
Between Tests
This is intended as a safety feature. When a
test or a “multiple test” has been run, the
safety switches must be released before
starting the next test or “multiple test”. Do
not press the safety switches until the final
pre-test warning screen is displayed.
Otherwise the next test cannot be run.
2. If the problem persists, replace the
Guard Front Panel Board (see
”Replacing the Guard Front Panel
Board” on page 4-61).
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Table 4.5 Error Messages (Continued)
#
Error Message
Suggested Action
53
One or Both Low
Voltage Leads
Disconnected
1. If this error is displayed during
Calibration Verification, rerun the test at
a temperature above freezing.
2. Clean all cable terminations.
3. If the problem persists, replace the
Guard Front Panel Board (see
”Replacing the Guard Front Panel
Board” on page 4-61).
54
Overcurrent
Occurred
Input current is excessive.
1. Try a 240 V AC power source instead of
a 120 V source.
56
Input Current Peak
Maximum
Exceeded
Input current is excessive.
1. Try a 240 V AC power source instead of
a 120 V source.
2. Check the HV Pothead guide for
internal separation or tracking.
57
Transformer
Overtemperature
Occurred
Wait several minutes and repeat the test,
leaving the test set on until the fan turns on
to cool it. If the fan does not eventually turn
on, see ”Fan Operation” on page 4-50.
63
Voltage Input
Saturated
Replace the Guard Board (see ”Replacing
the Guard Board” on page 4-76).
64
Requested
Maximum Voltage
Exceeded
Replace the Guard Board (see ”Replacing
the Guard Board” on page 4-76).
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-19
July 22, 2005
2. Check the HV Pothead guide for
internal separation or tracking.
Avoiding Problems
Table 4.5 Error Messages (Continued)
#
Error Message
Suggested Action
133
No Response from
M4000, Check
Connections
1. Make sure the M4100 is turned on.
&
137
Invalid Message
Number
2. For All Error Numbers in the 130’s: If
the error appears during a test, there
may be another application running on
your computer which is interfering with
communication to the M4100. Contact
Doble for analysis and solution to this
problem. To begin with, remove all but
the M4000 program from your startup
menu.
July 22, 2005
3. If you are using a laptop PC in place of
the M4200c, select “Configuration”
from the “Tools” menu, click the
“Instrument” tab, and select “Com1” for
Serial Port, save and exit.
4. If using a USB to Serial adapter, make
sure the software driver has been
installed.
5. Run the Communications Loopback
Test as described in ”Communications
Loopback Test” on page 4-40.
6. Check the voltage between either safety
switch’s Pin 3 (third from left) and the
chassis. If less than 4.9 V, reseat both
ends of the W46 cable (see ”W46 Cable
Checkout” on page 4-55).
7. Check the operation of the Low Voltage
Power Supply Board by following the
procedure given in ”Low-Voltage Power
Checkout” on page 4-51.
4-20
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Troubleshooting from Diagnostics
The M4000 test set supports automated diagnostic tests that are useful in
validating system operation and troubleshooting problems that may occur.
Diagnostics should be run on a regular basis to ensure that the M4000
Insulation Analyzer is functioning properly. The Diagnostics should also be
used to investigate potential causes of error messages.
Running Diagnostics
Diagnostics can be accessed from the Diagnostics pull-down menu. Access
the menu by clicking on Diagnostics in the menu bar, as shown in Figure 4.2.
The following seven tests are available:
The M4150 and M4151 Calibration References are optional, and the
Calibration Verification and Field Recalibration diagnostic tests cannot
be run if they are unavailable. Furthermore, certain remedial procedures
described in the System Status section cannot be completed without them.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
System Status (page 4-23)
Calibration Verification(page 4-26)
Field Recalibration (page 4-31)
Subsystem Diagnostics (page 4-34)
M4100 Component List (page 4-38)
Thermal Profile (page 4-39)
Communications Loopback Test (page 4-40)
July 22, 2005
NOTE
Figure 4.2 Diagnostics Pull-Down Menu
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-21
Running Diagnostics
The first six of these tests are applicable to the M4100; the last one is not. Use
of the Communications Loopback Test is described in ”Communications
Loopback Test” on page 4-40.
Follow these recommendations in deciding when to run each test:
Diagnostic Test
Run the test when suggested by a
displayed message, when indicated in a
troubleshooting flow chart or table, or:
System Status *
Run this test if you are experiencing any
malfunction or error.
Calibration Verification*
1. Run this test periodically to run a mock
specimen measurement, which checks
all system connections, including high
and low voltage cables.
July 22, 2005
2. Run this test after replacing a
component or otherwise repairing the
M4100.
Field Recalibration
Run to calibrate the test set when one of the
calibration verification tests results in a Fail
or Re-cal rating.
Subsystem Diagnostics
Run this test to exercise specific M4100
components.
M4100 Component List
Run this test to obtain a list of recognized
M4100 components and their revision
numbers.
Thermal Profile
Run this test if the M4100 appears to be
overheating or if an over-temperature
indication appears.
Communication Loopback
Test
Run to check communications between the
M4200c Controller (or laptop) and the
M4100 Instrument.
* When contacting Doble by telephone or e-mail
(customerservice@doble.com), it will be helpful to have the results from these
two tests, including the contents of the Calver.log file, located in the DTA
directory.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Once the operator specifies a particular diagnostic test to run, the following
function keys are available for use:
F1
Display Help contents
F2
Run the selected diagnostic
Following are descriptions of each of the five Diagnostics tests that are
applicable to the M4100.
System Status
NOTE
Do not run this test when the temperature is below freezing.
The System Status diagnostic determines and reports the calibration status of
the Guard Board, Main Reference Assembly, Field Calibration Reference and
Backplane. It also performs a checksum test of the Guard Mode Switch
Board’s ID PROM.
1. Select System Status from the Diagnostics pull-down menu.
2. Press F2 to start the test.
A display like that shown in Figure 4.3 appears when the test is complete.
The results can be printed or saved as a file using options in the File
pull-down menu.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-23
July 22, 2005
To run the System Status diagnostic:
July 22, 2005
System Status
Figure 4.3 System Status Test Results
This test is passed when every item’s status is reported as Enabled. Any other
result has the following implications:
Guard Status
Disabled
Critical:
This condition must be corrected before testing
continues.
Corrective Procedure: Replace the Guard Board and run the Field
Recalibration Test.
The consequences of continued testing in the uncorrected state are:
•
•
•
Main Reference
Status Disabled
Calibration Verification cannot be performed
Measurement error uncertainty (2% Capacitance relative and 0.1%
Power Factor absolute)
Guard failure in Subsystem Diagnostics
Critical:
This condition must be corrected before testing
continues.
Corrective Procedure: Replace the Main Reference Assembly and run the
Field Recalibration Test.
The consequences of continued testing in the uncorrected state are:
•
4-24
Calibration Verification cannot be performed
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
•
•
Field Reference
Status Disabled
Measurement error uncertainty (1% Capacitance relative and 0.15%
Power Factor absolute)
Retest failure in Subsystem Diagnostics
Non-critical:
This condition must be corrected before Calibration
Verification can be performed.
Corrective Procedure: Replace the Field Calibration Reference.
The consequences of continued testing in the uncorrected state are:
•
•
Factory Status
Disabled
Calibration Verification cannot be performed
Calibration Reference (Calref) failure in Subsystem Diagnostics
Non-critical:
This condition may be caused by any of the following:
1. A calibration dependent assembly has been changed.**
Corrective procedure: Run the Calibration Verification.
2. Guard Mode Switch IDPROM checksum test failed.
3. Either the Guard status or Main Reference status is disabled.
Corrective procedure: Refer to the foregoing results and run the Calibration
Verification.
* It may be possible to correct an ID PROM checksum failure without
replacing the Guard Mode Switch Board; call Doble.
** Calibration dependent assemblies are:
•
•
•
•
- Guard Board
- Main Reference Assembly
- Guard Modeswitch Board
- System BackPlane
The Consequences of continued testing in this state are:
- Calibration Verification Test can be performed if the cause is due to
changed assembly
- Subsystem Diagnostics will fail bptest Test
- Measurement error uncertainty (.25% Capacitance relative and .04%
Power Factor absolute.)
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-25
July 22, 2005
Corrective procedure: Replace the Guard Mode Switch Board and run the
Calibration Verification.*
Calibration Verification
If none of the above applies and all statuses are ENABLED the problem is
likely to be the inability to successfully complete a Calibration
Verification test. Run the diagnostic and the results should indicate the
problem.
NOTE
If the corrective procedures described do not fix the System Status error
then Call Doble.
Calibration Verification
NOTE
For a simple check of the M4000 Insulation Analyzer's measurement
system, test the empty Doble Liquid Insulation Cell, energized at 5 kV.
See ”Checking Instrument Accuracy in the Field” on page 4-43.
A more comprehensive check can easily be performed in the form of the
Calibration Verification. It is suggested that a Calibration Verification be
performed (providing the optional M4150 or M4151 Calibration Reference is
available):
July 22, 2005
•
•
•
Upon receipt of an M4000 Insulation Analyzer from Doble or from
another location within your company
At monthly intervals
When questionable readings are obtained
The Calibration Verification provides the quickest assurance that the
measurement system and the test leads are working correctly. It exercises the
red and blue resistors, the guard connection of the high voltage lead, and tests
GST internal loss.
NOTE
Do not run this test when the temperature is below freezing.
Prior to performing a Calibration Verification, run the System Status
diagnostic (page 4-23) to ensure that all system variables are enabled.
The figures in the example below reflect the use of the M4150 Calibration
Reference.
To perform the Calibration Verification:
1. Select Calibration Verification from the Diagnostics pull-down menu.
The screen shown in Figure 4.4 appears.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 4.4 Calibration Verification Initial Screen
2. Press F2.
3. Follow the on-screen directions, as shown in Figure 4.5.
Figure 4.5 Calibration Verification Instructions
Connections for the Calibration Verification are shown in Figure 4.6 and
Figure 4.7. The Field Adapter cable, shown in these figures, is an
accessory cable found in the cable bag which connects from the High
Voltage Test Cable to the black connectors on the Field Calibration
Reference.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-27
Calibration Verification
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.6 Setup for Blue Resistor Test
Figure 4.7 Setup for Red Resistor Test
There is a test abort criterion described in the first test of each setup. The
test abort allows the operator to correct a setup error and then restart from
the point where the error was first detected, without losing successfully
completed test information.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
July 22, 2005
At the conclusion of the Calibration Verification, a summary table like that
shown in Figure 4.8 will be displayed.
Figure 4.8 Calibration Verification Results
The summary table can be printed or saved as a text file. Both options are
available on the File pull-down menu.
Calver.log File
Upon completion of the Calibration Verification, the M4000 software creates
a file named Calver.log and stores it in the DTA directory. This file
summarizes information on test aborts and test failures. An example of such a
file is shown in Figure 4.9.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-29
Calibration Verification
Test Date: 06/29/95
Test Time: 10:14:45
System Serial Number = 59400175
Test Fail: 3mA SinTheta = -0.045979%
Final Error Code = 00-00-0-04H
End of Test
Test Date: 04/03/96
Test Time: 14:33:16
System Serial Number = 59400175
Final Error Code = 00-00-00-00H
End of Test
July 22, 2005
Test Date: 04/26/96
Test Time: 10:48:42
System Serial Number = 59400175
Test Abort: Error #53
Test Not Running One or Both Low Voltage Leads Disconnected
Final Error Code = 00-00-00-00H
End of Test
Test Date: 04/26/96
Test Time: 10:50:43
System Serial Number = 59400175
Test Abort: Error #53
Test Not Running One or Both Low Voltage Leads Disconnected
Final Error Code = 00-00-00-00H
End of Test
Figure 4.9 Example of Calver.log File Contents
Additional data are continually added to the file by each subsequent
Calibration Verification. The print option, if selected at the end of a test, prints
only results from the test just completed.
When a failure is encountered, Doble can provide troubleshooting guidance if
needed. A copy of the Calver.log file, found in the DTA directory, is essential.
4-30
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Field Recalibration
Run this test if any of the Calibration Verification test ratings are Re-Cal or
Fail. With the M4100 Field Calibration feature, calibration can be done in the
field for 7 of the current ranges if the optional M4151 Field Calibration
Reference is used, and for 3 ranges if the optional M4150 Field Calibration
Reference is used. The optional Field calibration Reference, if available, is
located on the face of the M4100 Instrument. Test result information may be
found in the fieldcal.log and currfcal.log files, both found in the DTA
directory.
The Optional M4150
Field Calibration
Reference
This is the reference box that has been used since the inception of the M4000.
Using the M4150, the M4000 software performs a reference test on the test set
for the three middle current ranges (10, 30, and 100 mA). The M4100
calibration can be checked, and, if necessary, adjusted. Except for special
certification requirements, usually reserved for testing at Nuclear Power
Plants, the reference check and calibration made possible by the M4150
should be more than adequate to assure accurate data.
The Optional M4151
Field Calibration
Reference
Figure 4.11 M4151 Field Calibration Reference
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-31
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.10 M4150 Field Calibration Reference
Field Recalibration
For situations demanding more complete calibration, Doble offers the M4151
Field Calibration Reference. Using this option, seven current ranges can be
checked and calibrated (leaving only the three high current ranges used with a
resonator unchecked). The seven ranges tested by the M4151 are 300 µA, 1
mA, 3 mA, 10 mA, 30 mA, 100 mA, and 300 mA. These three high current
ranges not tested require both a resonator and an external capacitor for
checking and field calibration, and are not available.
To perform a Field Recalibration test:
1. Select Field Recalibration from the Diagnostics pull-down menu.
July 22, 2005
The screen shown in Figure 4.12 appears.
Figure 4.12 Field Recalibration Main Screen
2. Press F2
3. Follow the on-screen directions, as shown in Figure 4.13.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 4.13 Field Recalibration Instructions
There is a test abort criterion described in the first test of each setup. The test
abort allows the operator to correct a setup error and then restart from the point
where the error was first detected, without losing successfully completed test
information.
At the conclusion of the Field Recalibration, a summary table like that shown
in Figure 4.14 will be displayed.
Figure 4.14 Field Calibration Results
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-33
July 22, 2005
The Field Adapter cable is an accessory cable which connects from the High
Voltage Test Cable to the black connectors on the Field Calibration Reference.
Subsystem Diagnostics
The summary table can be printed or saved as a text file. Both options are
available on the File pull-down menu.
Fieldcal.log File
Upon completion of the Field Recalibration, the M4000 software creates a file
named Fieldcal.log and stores it in the DTA directory. This file summarizes
information on test aborts and test failures.
Subsystem Diagnostics
Subsystem Diagnostics checks numerous M4100 components. It first verifies
proper communications between the M4200c Controller and the M4100
Instrument, then runs tests on the following M4100 components:
DSP/CPU Board
Backplane
Low Voltage Power Supply Board
Heater/Temperature Controller Board
Timing Board
July 22, 2005
Safety Board
Amplifier Assembly
Guard Board
Guard Mode Switch Board
Main Reference Assembly
Field Calibration Reference
To perform these diagnostics:
1. Select Subsystem Diagnostics from the Diagnostics pull-down menu.
2. Press F2 to start the process, which takes several minutes.
When all the tests are completed, the result (PASSED or FAILED) for each
M4100 Component is reported, as in Figure 4.15.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 4.15 Subsystem Diagnostics Results
Results can be printed either in brief or in full. To print the test results:
3. Select Print from the File menu.
The screen shown in Figure 4.16 appears, allowing a choice of the level of
detail to be printed.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-35
July 22, 2005
Subsystem Diagnostics
Figure 4.16 Print Detail
A Brief Report contains the text that is displayed on the results screen. If
Detailed Report is selected, all the fields shown above become active,
allowing the operator to select which specific components’ test results to
print. In the example above, since the Safety Board diagnostic failed, that
result is selected for a full printout.
The printed test result resulting from a typical choice is provided in
Figure 4.17. Such a printout is useful if the operator finds it necessary to
consult Doble for assistance.
4-36
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Figure 4.17 Component Test Result, Subsystem Diagnostics
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-37
M4100 Component List
M4100 Component List
The M4100 Component List provides a listing of recognized system
components, which is helpful in diagnosing certain problems. The listing
characterizes each component as to its identity and calibration history.
To generate this list:
1. Select M4100 Component List from the Diagnostics pull-down menu.
2. Press F2.
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.18 shows an example of the resulting list.
Figure 4.18 M4100 Component List Results
This summary can be printed or saved to a file via the File menu.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Thermal Profile
The Thermal Profile diagnostic displays internal and external temperatures
measured by the M4100.
NOTE
To monitor external parameters the Remote Sensor must be connected to
the M4100.
To run a Thermal Profile:
1. Select Thermal Profile from the Diagnostics pull-down menu.
2. Press F2.
July 22, 2005
As the profile is running, continuously updated temperature and humidity
values are displayed on the screen, as exemplified in Figure 4.19.
Figure 4.19 Thermal Profile Results
3. Stop the monitoring by pressing F4 or ESC.
Once the update process is stopped, results can be printed or saved to a file via
the File menu.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-39
Communications Loopback Test
Communications Loopback Test
The Communications Loopback Test is run to assure that proper
communications exist between the M4200c and M4100. It should be run
whenever a communications error occurs.
This test verifies the serial link between the M4200c and the M4100 using two
external Burndy connector pieces (male and female types) included in the
Accessories Bag. If these connectors cannot be located, contact Doble (see
items 29 & 30, page A-3).
July 22, 2005
The Communications Loopback Test is run by selecting that option
(Figure 4.20) from the Diagnostics pull-down menu and following the
on-screen instructions.
Figure 4.20 Running the Communications Loopback Test
The M4000 Software prompts the operator to perform the same test twice,
with and without the communications cable in place. If both tests pass and a
communications problem still exists, the M4100 LVPS is probably at fault.
Proceed as follows:
1. Follow the directions provided in Figure 4.20, i.e., remove the
communications cable from the M4200c and replace it with the test plug.
Then press F2 to start the test.
A screen like that shown in Figure 4.21 will appear when the first test is
complete. In this example the first loopback test passed.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
2. Follow the directions provided in Figure 4.21, i.e., remove the test plug
and connect the communications cable in its place, then attach the other
test plug to the far end of the cable. Press OK to continue.
A screen like that shown in Figure 4.22 will appear when the second test is
complete. In this example both loopback tests passed.
Figure 4.22 Communications Loopback Test, Final Results
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-41
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.21 Communications Loopback Test, First Result
Checking the High Voltage Test Cable
Running Other Tests
Certain additional tests can be run without gaining access to the M4100
interior. Any of the following tests can and should be run based upon an
indicated error message, symptom or diagnostic test result.
Checking the High Voltage Test Cable
Most of the difficulties encountered with the High Voltage Test Cable are of a
mechanical nature, external, and easily identified. The following resistance
measurements are helpful in locating internal defects that cause erratic or
otherwise abnormal test results.
July 22, 2005
NOTE
The High Voltage Test Cable must be isolated for the following
measurements. Disconnect it from the M4100 and the specimen.
Continuity
The end-to-end resistance of each cable conductor (i.e. the center conductor,
guard shield and ground shield), measured with a low-voltage ohmmeter,
should be less than 1 ohm. If any conductor’s resistance is greater, replace the
High Voltage Test Cable.
DC Insulation
Resistance
The DC resistance of insulation between cable circuits (i.e. center conductor to
guard shield and guard shield to ground shield), measured with a low-voltage
instrument (500 V or less) at either end of the cable should be 100 megohms or
greater. If any insulation resistance is less, replace the High Voltage Test
Cable.
Checking the Low Voltage Test Leads
The Low Voltage Test Leads are both single-conductor shielded cords
terminated by a clip on one end and a locking plug on the other. Note that Pins
1 and 2 of the inboard connector are short-circuited to each other and
connected to the lead shield. Pin 3 is connected to the center conductor of the
lead to which a clip is attached at the outboard end.
NOTE
4-42
The Low Voltage Test Leads both must be isolated from the M4100 for
the following measurements. Both leads should be tested.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Continuity
The center conductor and shield should each have less than 1-ohm resistance.
The center conductor’s resistance is measured between the clip and Pin 3 of
the inboard connector. In order to check the shield, penetrate the outer
insulation of the lead (approximately 1-2 inches from the outboard clip) using
a thin/sharp pointed electrode (pointed ohmmeter probes are suitable for this
purpose). The shield resistance is measured between Pins 1 or 2 of the inboard
connector and the ohmmeter probe penetrating the insulation.
If either conductor’s resistance is greater than 1 ohm, replace that Low Voltage
Test Lead.
DC Insulation
Resistance
The DC insulation resistance of a lead, measured with a low-voltage
instrument, between the center conductor and shield should be 100 megohms
or greater. This measurement is made by connecting one probe of the DC
instrument to the clip at the lead’s outboard end, and the other probe
connected to the shield (Pins 1 and 2 of the lead’s inboard connector).
July 22, 2005
If abnormally low insulation resistance is observed, the condition of the
insulation between the center conductor and shield at the clip end of the lead
should be checked.
If any insulation resistance is less than 100 megohms, replace that Low
Voltage Test Lead.
Checking M4100 Guard-to-Ground Insulation
The DC insulation resistance between the Guard and Ground circuits of the
M4100 should be in the range 2.5-4 megohms. The measurement is made
between the blue and silver terminal posts on the front panel, with the M4100
turned off and the AC power cord removed. A low-resistance path between
these points is a frequent cause of large negative values of GST watts,
especially when running the Field Recalibration Test diagnostic.
If a short or low resistance is detected between these points on the front panel,
perform the internal checks described in ”Guard-to-Ground Shorting
Problems” on page 4-51.
NOTE
The short circuit may be intermittent, so it may be necessary to move or
shake the instrument in order to stimulate the short.
Checking Instrument Accuracy in the Field
In lieu of elaborate laboratory checks, it has been found that the Doble Liquid
Insulation Cell, properly cleaned and dried, is a reliable standard that can be
used in the field for a quick, simple accuracy check.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-43
Voltage Verification
The characteristic charging current (capacitance) and watts-loss of the Liquid
Insulation Cell should be measured whenever a new instrument or cell is
received, and the test data should be recorded for future reference. The test
connections and procedure are the same as for testing a liquid-insulation
sample, except that the test is conducted in both the UST and GST modes. The
cell should be clean and dry, and a stable voltage source should be utilized.
Typically, a clean and dry Liquid Insulation Cell check produces results
approximately as follows by the UST method:
NOTE
Test Voltage
Current
Capacitance
Watts-Loss
5 kV
400 microamperes
106 pF
+0.0020
In the absence of insulating liquid, the dielectric-breakdown strength of
the Liquid Insulation Cell is significantly reduced. Due to the relatively
close spacing of the cell plates, an internal flashover will likely occur
around 7 or 8 kV when the cell is dry.
July 22, 2005
The charging current measured is a function of the geometric dimensions of
the cell and, therefore, some variation may occur between different cells;
however, the current reading should be repeatable when using the same cell,
properly assembled with electrode spacings unchanged. The measured current
and watts-loss will be slightly higher when the calibration is checked by the
GST method owing to stray capacitive coupling to ground.
Voltage Verification
The factory performs voltage accuracy tests at 5kV using a high voltage RMS
voltmeter (Valhalla, model 4600). The following procedure is a similar
voltage verification test performed at a reduced voltage (500 Volts).
Additional
Instrumentation
Required:
Test Setup:
Digital Voltmeter (DVM) with a minimum input capability of 750 VRMS and
an accuracy of +/- 0.5% on the AC Volt scale. The following models are
acceptable for doing a reduced voltage measurement test in the field; Fluke
models 8060A, 8025A, Fluke 85, Fluke 25, Fluke 27 or equivalent.
•
•
4-44
Test set must be grounded and the High Voltage Lead connected.
Confirm the center conductor of the High voltage Cable is isolated
from ground.
Connect the DVM from the High Voltage Lead center conductor to the
Guard circuit (blue terminal on the front panel of the M4100
instrument).
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
•
•
Select the Clipboard mode to perform the test and configure a test with
the potential of 500V. The test must be performed in Manual mode,
and any test circuit will do.
Raise the test voltage to 500V and record the DVM reading on the
Calibration Verification Certificate.
July 22, 2005
The setup for the test is shown in the following diagram:
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-45
Removing the Front and Top Covers
Accessing M4100 Components
DANGER
Ensure that the AC power cable is disconnected prior to removing any of
the M4100 covers. To avoid static discharge, ground yourself and the test
set before handling any circuit boards.
The following procedures require access to internal M4100 components:
•
•
•
Performing internal checks
Replacing internal components for purposes of diagnosis and repair
Upgrading components
This section provides guidance in accessing M4100 internal components and
identifying those components and their interconnections. Subsequent
replacement procedures are detailed in ”Replacing M4100 Components”
on page 4-56.
July 22, 2005
Access to all internal M4100 components requires removal of the instrument’s
front and top covers. Access to certain components, notably many of the
instrument’s PC boards, also requires removal of the card cage cover.
Instructions for both actions are provided below.
DANGER
Always disconnect AC power before gaining access to internal M4100
components. If re-application of power is necessary to perform an
internal check, follow the procedural instructions carefully to minimize
the risk of electrical shock. In particular, make certain that only
voltmeter probes come in contact with internal test points. Furthermore,
the High Voltage Test Cable and Safety Switch extension must always be
disconnected from the Transformer case during internal measurement
and inspection.
Removing the Front and Top Covers
The front and top covers must be removed to gain access to internal
components. Keep screws that are removed together in a safe location for
re-assembly.
Take the following steps to remove the covers:
1. With the power cable disconnected, snap off the front cover. To do so,
stand facing the unit and grip the edges of the front cover panel with both
hands while pulling towards you. Then, turn the unit around so that the
black rubber feet are facing you.
2. Use a flat-blade screwdriver to remove the top two rubber feet.
3. Lift the top cover up and towards the rear. Then, turn the unit around again
so that the front panel is facing the operator.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
The resulting top view of the instrument is as shown in Figure 4.23.
Low Voltage Power Supply Board
(under corner brace)
Amplifier Assembly
(chassis ground)
Transformer
(connected
to guard)
Transformer
Cover
(chassis
ground)
Main Reference Assembly
(connected to guard)
Figure 4.23 M4100 Interior View
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-47
July 22, 2005
Card
Cage
Removing the Card Cage Cover
Removing the Card Cage Cover
The card cage cover must be removed to gain access to any of the following
components:
•
•
•
•
•
NOTE
DSP/CPU Board
Guard Board
Guard Mode Switch Board
Safety Board
Timing Board
These PC boards are sensitive to static electricity. Observe the following
precautions when handling them.
The following precautions significantly reduce the possibility of damaging a
board through electrostatic discharge (ESD):
•
July 22, 2005
•
•
Before handling a PC board, discharge your body’s static charge by
wearing a wrist strap or touching a grounded surface.
Do not remove a replacement board from its anti-static packaging until
it is ready to be installed.
Handle boards by their edges and their extractors (clips). Avoid
touching components on the board and any edge connectors that plug
into backplane slots.
Take the following steps to remove the card cage cover:
1. Remove the four screws that attach the card cage cover to the left outside
wall of the unit using a Phillips head screwdriver.
2. Remove the three screws on the top of the card cage cover using a
flat-blade screwdriver.
3. Lift the cover off.
A top view of the card cage appears in Figure 4.24.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Low Voltage Power Supply
Board
W8 Connector
DSP/CPU Board
W11 Connector
Timing Board
W9 Connector
Safety Board
Guard Mode Switch Board
July 22, 2005
Guard Board
connectors,
lowvolt. power supply
Figure 4.24 M4100 Card Cage
NOTE
When replacing boards, the board you need to remove may be
underneath a cable attached to another board. If this is the case, release
the cable, note where it was connected, and later reconnect it.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-49
Fan Operation
M4100 Internal Checks
Certain internal checks can be performed quite easily, avoiding more
complicated measures. Many of these checks can be done with the M4100
unpowered. A few require that AC power be applied with the covers off.
DANGER
If re-application of power is necessary to perform an internal check,
follow the procedural instructions carefully to minimize the risk of
electrical shock. In particular, make certain that only voltmeter probes
come in contact with internal test points. Furthermore, the High Voltage
Test Cable and Safety Switch extension must always be disconnected
from the Transformer case during internal measurement and inspection.
Fan Operation
With AC power applied, the fan typically does not run continuously.
Specifically, the fan is supposed to run only when the instrument’s internal
temperature exceeds 40 C, as measured by a thermostat located on the
Heater/Temperature Controller Board.
July 22, 2005
To check for proper fan operation depress and hold the push-button switch
labeled SW2, which is located along the top edge of the DSP/CPU Board
(Figure 4.36 on page 4-70). The fan should come on for a few seconds then go
off. If the fan fails to come on:
1. First try replacing the DSP/CPU Board by following the procedure in
”Replacing the DSP/CPU Board” on page 4-70, then retesting the fan.
2. If the fan still fails to come on when tested, replace the fan by following
the procedure in ”Replacing the Fan” on page 4-94.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Low-Voltage Power Checkout
Outputs of the Low Voltage Power Supply Board are readily measured at test
points accessible on the Heater/Temperature Controller Board (Figure 4.41
on page 4-80), which is mounted directly on the Low Voltage Power Supply
Board. Check the following test points for the specified DC voltages:
TP1
Ground reference
TP2
-5 V
TP3
+15 V
TP4
+5 V (>4.9 V)
TP5
-15 V
If any of the measured voltages is out of range, replace the power supply by
following the procedure in ”Replacing the Low Voltage Power Supply Board”
on page 4-78.
Guard-to-ground shorts can be detected by following the procedure in
”Checking M4100 Guard-to-Ground Insulation” on page 4-43. A short is most
likely to be found in one of the following areas. Check each possible cause in
turn until the source of the problem is isolated:
1. Check the clearance between the Amplifier Assembly and Transformer.
They must not be touching at any point. If the instrument has been
dropped, the Amplifier Assembly in the bottom of the instrument could
have been forced upward into contact with the guard around the
Transformer. Eliminate the contact.
2. A screw or other metallic object may have fallen under the guard
surrounding the Transformer, thereby shorting the guard to the chassis.
Remove the object. This may require removing the Transformer.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-51
July 22, 2005
Guard-to-Ground Shorting Problems
LVPS Fuses
LVPS Fuses
The fuses for the Low Voltage Power Supply Board (LVPS) are located on
that board. To access the board, remove the triangular metal plate from the left
rear corner of the M4100. The Low Voltage Power Supply Board and
Heater/Temperature Board Assembly (Figure 4.25) is then removed after
disconnecting the cable from the top of the board.
W46 Cable
July 22, 2005
Low Voltage Power
Supply Board
Heater/Temperature
Controller Board
W45 Cable
250V 4A Fuse
(2 250V, 5A fuses
on other side)
Figure 4.25 Heater & LVPS Assembly as Removed from 4100
Check the fuses visually, and if necessary with an Ohmmeter. Replace any
fuse that has blown, and monitor system performance for recurrence of the
symptom.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
W8/W9/W11 Cable Checkout
Check and reseat the W8, W9 and W11 cable connectors, which are identified
in Figure 4.26.
W8 Connector
July 22, 2005
W11 Connector
W9 Connector
Figure 4.26 Card Cage
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-53
Orange Cable Checkout
Orange Cable Checkout
Check the Orange Cable (Figure 4.27) for proper seating. It should not be
shorting to the chassis, and its insulation should be intact.
Amplifier
July 22, 2005
Transformer
(cover removed)
Main References
Assembly
HV Pothead
Field Calibration
Reference box
Orange
Cable
Figure 4.27 M4100 Chassis, Covers Removed
Transformer Checks
The metal sheet over the transformer (Figure 4.27) is at chassis ground, while
the reference box is at guard potential. The two should not be forced together,
making contact with each other, at any point. The transformer beneath the
grounded metal cover is also at guard potential. It should not be short-circuited
to a grounded point, such as the amplifier box next to it near the bottom of the
M4100. An inadvertent short can develop here if the M4100 has been dropped.
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72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
W46 Cable Checkout
The W46 cable is a 12-conductor cable with a white connector on each end. It
is located on the Heater/Temperature Controller Board, which is mounted to
the Low Voltage Power Supply Board.
Take the following steps to check the W46 cable:
1. Locate and remove the Low Voltage Power Supply Board, referring to
”LVPS Fuses” on page 4-52.
2. Disconnect and reseat both connectors on the W46 cable (Figure 4.25
on page 4-52).
July 22, 2005
3. Replace the Low Voltage Power Supply Board (see ”Replacing the Low
Voltage Power Supply Board” on page 4-78).
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-55
W46 Cable Checkout
Replacing M4100 Components
Instructions are provided here for the replacement of M4100 internal,
replaceable components for the purpose of diagnosing malfunctions or
eliminating problems.
NOTE
It is important to follow the systematic troubleshooting guidelines in
Chapter 4 and elsewhere in Chapter 6 before replacing any M4100
component. Forethought will reduce the difficulty and time required to
fix a problem.
NOTE
If a replacement component is packaged in an anti-static bag, do not
remove it from the bag until instructed to do so. Return all failed
components to Doble.
Replacement of an internal M4100 component requires removal of the
instrument’s covers and may also require removal of the internal card cage
cover. Follow the instructions in ”Accessing M4100 Components”
on page 4-46 to accomplish these initial steps. That section also includes
photographs to assist in identifying each component.
July 22, 2005
Locate the section that applies to the particular M4100 component to be
replaced, then follow its instructions.
4-56
NOTE
Remove any loose screws that may have fallen into the instrument during
a replacement procedure.
DANGER
After successfully replacing any M4100 component, also replace all the
covers that were removed prior to operating the instrument. Failure to do
so will expose the operator and other persons in the vicinity to lethal
voltages, potentially resulting in injury or death from electrocution.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Returning Replaced Components
To gain full credit for a replaced component, it must be returned to Doble
within 30 days of the replacement component’s delivery.
To return a replaced component:
•
•
•
•
•
•
RWO#: A Repair Work Order Number assigned to each part by
Doble for tracking purposes. If Doble has not entered this number,
obtain one by (1) calling Doble Customer Service at
(617) 926-4900, extension 317/321/232 or (2) sending an e-mail
message to customerservice@doble.com.
Test Set Model: The unit model number, in this case 4100.
Test Set Serial #: The unit serial number, which provides warranty
information.
Contact Name: Customer name.
Problem symptoms.
Contact Tel. #: Customer telephone number.
If a Material Return Tag was not supplied, please provide the above
information separately and include the date and the part number, as well as
any observed problems or symptoms and other relevant comments.
2. Attach the Material Return Tag to the old part.
3. Complete the Customer Satisfaction Questionnaire, supplied with the new
part, and place it in the box in which the replacement part was shipped.
4. Put the old part in the box and send it to the following address:
Doble Engineering Company
85 Walnut Street
Watertown, MA 02472
USA
Doble pays to ship replacement components to customers under warranty,
and customers are responsible for payment of shipping costs for returns.
For out-of-warranty equipment, customers are responsible for all shipping
charges.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-57
July 22, 2005
1. Complete the Material Return Tag supplied with the new component. The
following entries are required:
Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly
Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly
The Front Panel Assembly is located on the front of the instrument.
The Front Panel Assembly must be removed in order to replace it and to gain
access to the Main Reference Assembly, the Guard Front Panel Board, and the
I/O Protection Board. Keep screws that are removed together in a safe location
for re-assembly.
Take the following steps to remove and replace the Front Panel Assembly:
1. Unscrew four captive screws (Figure 4.28) that secure the optional Field
Calibration Reference, if present, to the Front Panel Assembly using a
Phillips-head screwdriver.
July 22, 2005
Screws
Figure 4.28 Field Calibration Reference, Screw Locations
2. Pull out the Field Calibration Reference.
3. Remove the screws (Figure 4.29) on the cover of the Main Reference
Assembly using a Phillips-head screwdriver. Then, lift off the cover.
4. Remove two screws inside the box (see Figure 4.29).
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Nut
Screws
5. Remove one nut located behind the HV Pothead (Figure 4.29), using a nut
driver.
6. Remove two screws in the Field Reference Calibration box.
7. Remove the ten self-locking screws that hold the front panel in place using
a #8 Torx screwdriver.
NOTE
These screws can be difficult to remove. If any of them binds during
extraction, lubricate its front and the rear surfaces with a drop of
machine oil. Then, use vise grip pliers to remove the binding screws if
necessary. Later, when replacing the front panel, use new screws if
available. These can be obtained from Doble if required.
8. Pull the Front Panel Assembly out only slightly. Then, disconnect the
ribbon cable (W12) that attaches to the I/O Protection Board as well as the
white cable (W11).
9. Pull the Front Panel Assembly straight out and place it face down on the
bench.
The resulting top view of the instrument is as shown in Figure 4.30.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-59
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.29 Front Panel Removal, Nut Location
Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly
Guard Front Panel Board
I/O Protection Board
HV Pothead
Field Calibration
Box Chassis
Figure 4.30 M4100 Interior View, Front Panel Removed
July 22, 2005
10. To reinstall the Front Panel Assembly, first unpack the replacement unit
(or locate the existing one). Position it on the front of the instrument.
Reconnect the two ribbon cables coming from the I/O Protection Board.
11. Replace the ten self-locking screws that hold the front panel in place using
a #8 Torx screwdriver.
12. Replace one nut (Figure 4.29 on page 4-59) located behind the HV
Pothead using a nut driver.
13. Replace the Main Reference Assembly cover and secure it by replacing
four screws using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
14. Replace the Field Calibration Reference and secure it by tightening four
captive screws (Figure 4.28 on page 4-58) using a Phillips-head
screwdriver.
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Replacing the Guard Front Panel Board
Note the location of the Guard Front Panel Board in Figure 4.30 on page 4-60.
It is located immediately behind the Front Panel Assembly. Take the following
steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the Front Panel Assembly. See
Steps 1-8, ”Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly”
on page 4-58.
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Remove six #8 nuts (Figure 4.31) that secure the Guard Front Panel Board
to the Front Panel Assembly using a 11/32” socket wrench. The nuts are
located at the corners of the board.
.
July 22, 2005
Nuts
Ground Nuts
Figure 4.31 Guard Front Panel Board, Nut Locations
3. Remove two #8 nuts (Figure 4.31) that secure the ground connectors to the
Guard Front Panel Board. Move the connectors off the board.
4. Disconnect two ribbon cables (W12 and W21).
5. Disconnect two ground wires (one orange and one white/green). Pull the
wires straight up to make board removal easier.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-61
Replacing the Guard Front Panel Board
6. Disconnect two connectors on cables W27 and W28. Each connector has
three wires; W27 has one red and two black wires; W28 has one blue and
two black wires.
7. Carefully lift the Guard Front Panel Board out, easing the wires through
the holes.
8. Unpack the replacement Guard Front Panel Board and place the new board
into the instrument.
9. Replace four #8 nuts that hold the board in place using a 11/32” socket
wrench.
10. Replace two #8 nuts that secure the ground connectors to the Guard Front
Panel Board after placing the wires back into position on the board.
11. Connect two connectors on cables W27 and W28. Each connector has
three wires; W27 has one red and two black wires; W28 has one blue and
two black wires.
12. Connect two ground wires (one orange and one white/green).
13. Connect two ribbon cables (W12 and W21).
July 22, 2005
14. Replace the Front Panel Assembly by following steps 9-14, ”Removing
and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly” on page 4-58.
15. Replace the instrument’s top and front covers by reversing the steps in
”Removing the Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Replacing the Amplifier Assembly
Note the location of the Amplifier Assembly in Figure 4.23 on page 4-47.
Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
2. Remove the Nomex insulator shield to access the four deep-set screws
(described in Step 3). The Nomex insulator is a white, flexible board
located between the Transformer and the Amplifier Assembly. Grasp a
corner of the shield and pull it out using a pair of needle-nose pliers.
July 22, 2005
3. Insert a 15” flat-blade screwdriver into each of the four notches on top of
the Amplifier Assembly to unscrew the four captive screws (Figure 4.32).
The four screws attach the Amplifier Assembly to the bottom of the
chassis.
Captive Screws
Figure 4.32 Amplifier Assembly, Captive Screw Locations
NOTE
Do not remove the screws on the top cover of the Amplifier Assembly.
That cover need not be removed as part of this procedure.
4. Remove three screws on the rear panel (Figure 4.33), located between the
positions for the top two rubber feet, using a Phillips head screwdriver.
(The top two rubber feet were removed to take off the cover.)
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-63
Replacing the Amplifier Assembly
Top Fan Screws
Side Screws
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.33 Amplifier Assembly, Additional Screw Locations
5. Remove two Phillips screws (Figure 4.33) holding the top cover of the
amplifier and chassis in place using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
6. Disconnect the ribbon cable (W7) from the Guard Board, which is located
in the card cage.
7. Release the three white connectors (leading to cables W2, W3 and W4)
from the front side of the Amplifier Assembly, closest to the Transformer.
Work from right to left, ending with the white connector closest to the card
cage.
8. Insert two fingers into the two notches at the top of the Amplifier
Assembly to ease it out. Then, grasp the edges of the assembly and
carefully lift it out of the instrument.
NOTE
The clearance around the Amplifier Assembly is only about 1/8 inch. If
the assembly is difficult to remove, insert a flat-blade screwdriver around
its perimeter to gently pry it out.
9. Unpack the replacement Amplifier Assembly.
10. Insert two fingers into the notches at the top of the new Amplifier
Assembly and gently guide it into position.
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11. Tighten one of the captive screws by inserting the 15”-long, flat-blade
screwdriver into one of the notches at the top of the assembly, and reach
down to tighten the screw. With the first screw in place, use your hands to
push the assembly towards the opposite end (away from the screw).
12. Tighten the remaining three captive screws using the 15”-long, flat-blade
screwdriver.
13. Replace the three screws on the rear panel using the Phillips head
screwdriver.
NOTE
Since you have already removed two of the screws holding the fan
assembly in place, now is a good time to inspect the Fan filter. See
”Replacing the Fan Filter” on page 4-93.
14. Replace the top two screws holding the fan filter in place using the Phillips
head screwdriver.
15. Connect the ribbon cable to the Guard Board.
16. Reconnect the three cables to the Amplifier Assembly’s white connectors.
18. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
19. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-65
July 22, 2005
17. Replace the Nomex insulator shield.
Replacing the Guard Mode Switch Board
Replacing the Guard Mode Switch Board
Note the location of the Guard Mode Switch Board in Figure 4.24
on page 4-49 and in Figure 4.34 below. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48. The Guard Mode Switch
Board will be visible as in Figure 4.34.
W8 Connector
Guard Mode Switch Board
W11 Connector
July 22, 2005
W9 Connector
connectors, lowvolt. power supply
Figure 4.34 Guard Mode Switch Board
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so.
2. Detach the two ribbon cables (W8 and W12) from the board.
3. Detach the four cables (W9, W11, W13, and one unlabeled for future use)
from the board.
4. Use your index fingers to unlatch both PC board extractors. Then, pull the
board straight up.
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5. Remove the replacement Guard Mode Switch Board from its anti-static
bag and guide it into the slot. Press down evenly on the insides of the PC
extractors until the board is firmly seated.
6. Reattach the two ribbon cables to the board (W8 to J8 and W12 to J5).
7. Reattach the four cables to the board (W9 to J2, W11 to J1, W13 to J3, and
the unlabeled cable to J6).
8. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
July 22, 2005
9. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-67
Replacing the Timing Board
Replacing the Timing Board
Note the location of the Timing Board in Figure 4.24 on page 4-49 and in
Figure 4.35 below. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48. The Timing Board will
be visible as in Figure 4.35.
July 22, 2005
Timing Board
connectors, lowvolt. power supply
Figure 4.35 Timing Board
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Use your index fingers to unlatch both PC board extractors. Then, pull the
board straight up.
3. Remove the replacement Timing Board from its anti-static bag and guide
it into position. Press down evenly on the insides of the PC extractors until
the board is firmly seated.
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4. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
July 22, 2005
5. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-69
Replacing the DSP/CPU Board
Replacing the DSP/CPU Board
Note the location of the DSP/CPU Board in Figure 4.24 on page 4-49 and in
Figure 4.36 below. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48. The DSP CPU Board
will be visible as in Figure 4.36.
July 22, 2005
DSP/CPU Board
connectors, lowvolt. power supply
Figure 4.36 DSP/CPU Board
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Detach the ribbon cable (W5) from the board.
3. Use your index fingers to unlatch both PC board extractors. Then, pull the
board straight up.
4. Remove the replacement DSP/CPU Board from its anti-static bag and
guide it into the slot. Press down evenly on the insides of the PC extractors
until the board is firmly seated.
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5. Reattach the ribbon cable (W5) to the board.
6. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
July 22, 2005
7. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-71
Replacing the Safety Board
Replacing the Safety Board
Note the location of the Safety Board in Figure 4.24 on page 4-49 and in
Figure 4.37 below. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48. The Safety Board will be
visible as in Figure 4.37.
July 22, 2005
Safety Board
connectors, lowvolt. power supply
Figure 4.37 Safety Board
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Detach the three ribbon cables (W4, W6 and W7) from the board.
3. Use your index fingers to unlatch both PC board extractors. Then, pull the
board straight up.
4. Remove the replacement Safety Board from its anti-static bag and guide it
into the slot. Press down evenly on the insides of the PC extractors until
the board is firmly seated.
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
5. Reattach the three ribbon cables to the board (W4 to J1, W6 to J3, and W7
to J2).
6. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
July 22, 2005
7. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-73
Replacing the Main Reference Assembly
Replacing the Main Reference Assembly
Note the location of the Main Reference Assembly in Figure 4.30
on page 4-60. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the Front Panel Assembly. See
Steps 1-8, ”Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly”
on page 4-58. (The Front Panel Assembly must be removed to replace the
Main Reference Assembly, but the two assemblies are not attached.)
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Remove the cover of the Main Reference Assembly. Do this by removing
the two screws using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
Removing one screw releases an orange cable.
3. Disconnect the W12 ribbon cable.
July 22, 2005
4. Remove two screws, one in each front corner of the Main Reference
Assembly (Figure 4.38), using a Phillips-head screwdriver. Some older
units have three screws to be removed.
.
Front Screws
Perimeter Screws and Washers
Figure 4.38 Main Reference Assembly, Screw Locations
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M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
5. Remove six screws, along with internal lock washers and flat washers,
using a flat-blade screwdriver. These screws are located on the perimeter
of the board (Figure 4.38).
6. With your fingers on the edges of the board, lift the board slightly, tilt it
back, then lift it straight up and out. (Tilting the board avoids contact with
screws inside the Main Reference Assembly).
7. Remove the replacement Main Reference Assembly from its anti-static
bag and, with your fingers on the edge of the board, place it in the
instrument by reversing the process in Step 6. Tilt the board initially to
avoid contact with any screws, then turn it and place it flat on the bottom
of the assembly.
8. Replace six screws, with internal lock washers and flat washers, using a
flat-blade screwdriver. These screws are located on the perimeter of the
board.
10. Connect the W12 ribbon cable.
11. Replace the cover of the Main Reference Assembly by replacing the two
screws using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
Notice that there is a blue grommet attached to the cable that connects to
the Guard Mode Switch Board. When replacing the screw that secures this
cable, set the blue grommet into the notch on the Main Reference
Assembly cover.
12. Replace the Front Panel Assembly by following steps 9-14, ”Removing
and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly” on page 4-58.
13. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-75
July 22, 2005
9. Replace the screws (two or three depending on your instrument), one in
each front corner of the Main Reference Assembly, using a Phillips-head
screwdriver.
Replacing the Guard Board
Replacing the Guard Board
Note the location of the Guard Board in Figure 4.24 on page 4-49 and in
Figure 4.39 below. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48. The Guard Board will be
visible as in Figure 4.39.
W8 Connector
W11 Connector
July 22, 2005
W9 Connector
Guard Board
connectors, lowvolt. power supply
Figure 4.39 Guard Board
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Detach the ribbon cable (W8) from the board.
3. Detach the two connectors on cable W9 from the board.
4. Use your index fingers to unlatch both PC board extractors. Then, pull the
board straight up.
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5. Remove the replacement Guard Board from its anti-static bag and guide it
into the slot. Press down evenly on the insides of the PC extractors until
the board is firmly seated.
6. Reattach the two connectors to the board (W9 to J2 and W9 to J3).
7. Reattach the ribbon cable to the board (W8 to J1).
8. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
July 22, 2005
9. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-77
Replacing the Low Voltage Power Supply Board
Replacing the Low Voltage Power Supply Board
Note the location of the Low Voltage Power Supply Board in Figure 4.23
on page 4-47.
Take the following steps to replace it:
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
July 22, 2005
1. Remove four screws (Figure 4.40) using a Phillips-head screwdriver. Two
screws secure the corner brace to the rear panel of the Instrument and two
screws secure the brace to the side panel.
Screws
Figure 4.40 Low Voltage Power Supply Board, Screw Locations
2. Lift off the corner brace to access the board.
3. Remove the white Nomex insulator shield located between the Low
Voltage Power Supply Board and the chassis. Simply grasp it and pull it
out.
4. If necessary, move the ribbon cables out of the way to allow access.
5. Release the two connectors on cables W3 and W4 leading from the
Amplifier Assembly.
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6. Lift the board out.
7. Remove the replacement Low Voltage Power Supply Board from its
anti-static bag and place it in the Instrument.
8. Reconnect the two cables and reposition any other cables previously
moved as necessary.
9. Replace the Nomex insulator shield.
10. Place the corner brace back into position and replace the four screws to
secure the brace using a Phillips head screwdriver.
July 22, 2005
11. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-79
Replacing the Heater/Temperature Controller Board
Replacing the Heater/Temperature Controller Board
The Heater/Temperature Controller Board is the green board attached to the
Low Voltage Power Supply Board. Before replacing the Heater/Temperature
Controller Board, you must first remove the entire, two-board assembly from
the instrument.
Take the following steps to replace the Heater/Temperature Controller Board:
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
1. Remove the Low Voltage Power Supply Board from the Instrument by
following Steps 1-6 in ”Replacing the Low Voltage Power Supply Board”
on page 4-78.
2. Remove the four screws that attach the Heater/Temperature Controller
Board to the Low Voltage Power Supply Board (Figure 4.41) using a
Phillips-head screwdriver. This will also release the four spacers.
July 22, 2005
Screws
W46 Cable
Screws
Heater/Temperature
Controller Board
W45 Cable
Figure 4.41 Heater & Low Voltage Power Supply Assembly, Screw Locations
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3. Release the two connectors leading to cables W45 and W46.
4. Remove the new Heater/Temperature Controller Board from its anti-static
bag and position it onto the Low Voltage Power Supply Board. Place a
spacer between the two components at each screw position.
5. Reconnect the two connectors.
6. Replace the four screws that join the components together using a
Phillips-head screwdriver.
July 22, 2005
7. Re-install the Low Voltage Power Supply Board into the instrument by
following Steps 8-11 in ”Replacing the Low Voltage Power Supply Board”
on page 4-78.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-81
Replacing the Optional Field Calibration Reference
Replacing the Optional Field Calibration Reference
The Field Calibration Reference, if present, is mounted to the instrument’s
front panel. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. Unscrew four captive screws (Figure 4.42) using a Phillips-head
screwdriver.
July 22, 2005
Screws
Figure 4.42 Field Calibration Reference, Screw Locations
2. Pull out the Field Calibration Reference.
3. Unpack the replacement Field Calibration Reference and place it in
position in the front panel.
4. Tighten the four captive screws using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
5. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
4-82
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Replacing the I/O Protection Board
Note the location of the I/O Protection Board in Figure 4.30 on page 4-60.
Take the following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the Front Panel Assembly. See
Steps 1-8, ”Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly”
on page 4-58. Place the Front Panel Assembly face down on the bench.
NOTE
Do not remove the replacement board from its anti-static bag until
instructed to do so. See the Note on page 4-48 for additional ESD
precautions.
2. Remove six screws (Figure 4.43) that attach the I/O Protection Board to
the Front Panel Assembly using a Phillips-head screwdriver. Note that one
of the screws also secures a black and white grounding wire.
July 22, 2005
Secure Screws
Figure 4.43 I/O Protection Board, Screw Locations
3. Release one W21 and two W24 ribbon cables. Since these last two cables
are both labeled “W24”, note their connection points so that they can be
correctly re-connected once the board has been replaced.
4. Release connections to four cables (W22, W23, W25 and W26).
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-83
Replacing the I/O Protection Board
Ground
to
Upper
Left
Standoff
Figure 4.44 I/O Protection Board, Cable Connections
5. Carefully lift the I/O Protection Board off the Front Panel Assembly.
July 22, 2005
6. Unpack the replacement I/O Protection Board from its anti-static bag and
place the new board onto the Front Panel Assembly.
7. Replace six screws that attach the I/O Protection Board to the Front Panel
Assembly using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
•
•
First replace the two middle screws (rather than the screws located in
the corners) to tack the board in place.
Before replacing the screw that secures the grounding wire, first insert
the black and white wire between the I/O Protection Board and the
standoff. Then, tighten the screw.
8. Reconnect one W21 and two W24 ribbon cables. The W24 cable located
closest to the Field Calibration Reference connects to J2. The other W24
cable, located furthest away from the Field Calibration Reference,
connects to J3.
9. Reconnect four cables as follows:
•
•
•
•
W22 to J7
W23 to J9
W25 to J1
W26 to J4
10. Replace the Front Panel Assembly by following steps 9-14, ”Removing
and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly” on page 4-58.
11. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
4-84
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Replacing the Transformer
Note the location of the Transformer in Figure 4.23 on page 4-47.
NOTE
Due to the vibration the instrument encounters in the field, Doble now
recommends replacing the originally installed whiz nuts with elastic stop
nuts. When replacing the Transformer, check to see if it is mounted using
whiz nuts. If so, mount the replacement Transformer with the more
reliable elastic stop nuts.
Take the following steps to replace the Transformer:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the card cage cover. See
”Removing the Card Cage Cover” on page 4-48. The Transformer cover
will be visible as in Figure 4.45.
2. Remove the Transformer cover, being careful not to drop any screws
inside the unit.
Remove five screws (Figure 4.45) using a 15” Phillips-head
screwdriver. These screws are located inside the card cage, near the
top, where the card cage is attached to the Transformer cover.
July 22, 2005
•
Screws
Figure 4.45 Transformer Cover, Screw Locations on Card Cage
•
72A-1230 Rev. F
Remove five screws (Figure 4.46), located on the outside of the
instrument next to the fan, using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
4-85
Replacing the Transformer
Screws
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.46 Transformer Cover, Screw Locations on Side Panel
•
•
Remove four screws and washers, located on the top of the
Transformer cover, using a flat-blade screwdriver
Lift the cover off. White grommets will come off with the cover. Keep
all screws, washers, and grommets together in a safe place.
Figure 4.27 on page 4-54 shows the instrument with the Transformer
cover removed.
3. Replace the whiz nuts with elastic stop nuts if necessary. Otherwise,
proceed to Step 4.
•
4-86
Remove the four whiz nuts located at the corners of the Transformer
where the it attaches to the bottom of the chassis (Figure 4.47). Do this
by inserting a 7/16” socket wrench into each corner of the Transformer
and reaching all the way down to loosen and remove the nuts.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Whiz Nut
Figure 4.47 Transformer Mounting Nut Locations
•
Place the elastic stop nuts into position using a 15” screwdriver as a
guide. Place a nylon washer, a metal washer, and then the elastic stop
nut on the screwdriver (Figure 4.48). Hold these pieces in place while
inserting the screwdriver into each corner of the Transformer
Assembly (Figure 4.49), then release the washers and nuts.
Figure 4.48 Preparing The Screwdriver
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-87
July 22, 2005
Whiz Nut
Replacing the Transformer
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.49 Guiding the Transformer Mounting Nuts into Position
•
Use the 7/16” socket wrench to tighten the nuts. Do not overtighten
them.
4. Remove the cover of the Main Reference Assembly. Do this by removing
the two screws (Figure 4.50) using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
Figure 4.27 on page 4-54 shows the instrument with the Main Reference
Assembly cover removed.
•
4-88
Remove the four screws (Figure 4.50), where the Main Reference
Assembly joins the chassis, using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Cover
Screws
Screws
5. Release the three connectors on cables W2, W3 and W4 (which lead to the
Amplifier Assembly) by grasping them and pulling the cables away from
the Transformer. Move other cables out of the way as necessary to clear a
path for lifting out the Transformer.
6. Remove the Nomex insulator shield located between the Transformer and
the Amplifier Assembly. Simply grasp the shield and pull it out.
7. With two people, one on each side, lift the Transformer straight up and
remove it from the Instrument.
WARNING
The Transformer is heavy. Two persons are required to safely lift it out of
the instrument. This step is best accomplished with the M4100 relocated
to the floor.
8. Unpack the new Transformer. Again using two people, place the new
Transformer into position in the instrument.
9. Replace the Nomex insulator shield by sliding it in between the
Transformer and the Amplifier Assembly.
10. Reconnect the three cables.
11. Replace the four screws, near where the Main Reference Assembly
attaches to the Transformer, using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-89
July 22, 2005
Figure 4.50 Main Reference Assembly, Screw Locations
Replacing the Transformer
12. Replace the cover of the Main Reference Assembly and secure it by
replacing the screws using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
Notice that there is a blue grommet attached to the cable that connects to
the Guard Mode Switch Board. When replacing the screw that secures this
cable, set the blue grommet into the notch on the Main Reference
Assembly cover.
13. Replace the Transformer cover and white grommets.
•
•
•
Replace the five screws near the top, inside edge of the card cage using
a 15” Phillips-head screwdriver.
Replace the five screws on the outside of the instrument next to the fan
using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
Replace four screws and washers on the top of the Transformer cover
using a flat-blade screwdriver.
14. Replace the card cage cover by reversing the steps in ”Removing the Card
Cage Cover” on page 4-48.
July 22, 2005
15. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
16. Check for Guard-to-Ground Insulation, as described in ”Checking M4100
Guard-to-Ground Insulation” on page 4-43.
4-90
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Replacing the HV Pothead
Note the location of the HV Pothead in Figure 4.30 on page 4-60. Take the
following steps to replace it:
1. If it has not already been done, remove the Front Panel Assembly. See
Steps 1-8, ”Removing and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly”
on page 4-58. Place the Front Panel Assembly face down on the bench.
2. Remove one 1/4” elastic nut (Figure 4.51), on the back of the Front Panel
Assembly to release the W30 cable, using a socket wrench.
July 22, 2005
.
#8 Nuts
W30 Nut
#8 Nuts
Figure 4.51 HV Pothead, W30 Screw and Nut Locations
3. Remove four #632 nuts with flat washers (Figure 4.51), found in the
corners of the black plate beneath the HV Pothead, using an 11/32” socket
wrench.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-91
Replacing the HV Pothead
July 22, 2005
Ground Screw
Figure 4.52 HV Pothead, Ground Screw Location
4. Remove one screw and washer (Figure 4.52), that secure the ground wire
and the power outlet wire to the side of the HV Pothead, using a
Phillips-head screwdriver.
5. Carefully lift the HV Pothead out.
6. Unpack the replacement HV Pothead and place it onto the Front Panel
Assembly.
7. Replace four #632 nuts with flat washers, into the corners of the black
plate beneath the HV Pothead, using an 11/32” socket wrench.
8. Grasp the ground wire and the power outlet wire (Figure 4.52) and place
them back onto the side of the HV Pothead. Secure these wires by
replacing the screw and washer using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
9. Replace the 1/4” elastic nut, on the back of the Front Panel Assembly to
secure the W30 cable, using a socket wrench.
10. Replace the Front Panel Assembly by following steps 9-14, ”Removing
and Replacing the Front Panel Assembly” on page 4-58.
11. Replace the top and front covers by reversing the steps in ”Removing the
Front and Top Covers” on page 4-46.
4-92
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Replacing the Fan Filter
Note the location of the fan filter in Figure 4.53. Inspect the filter from time to
time to check for accumulated dust or scale. Take the following steps to
replace it:
July 22, 2005
1. Remove the four screws that hold the fan’s grill in place (Figure 4.53)
using a Phillips-head screwdriver.
Screws
Figure 4.53 Fan Filter Screw Locations
2. Remove the old fan filter and replace it with a new one.
3. Replace the four screws using a Phillips-head screwdriver. Use the
screwdriver to tuck the new filter in place, if necessary.
NOTE
Hot air exhausts from the fan outlet. Do not block it.
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-93
Replacing the Fan
Replacing the Fan
The fan is part of the Amplifier Assembly, which is shown in Figure 4.23
on page 4-47. Take the following steps to replace it:
1. Remove the Amplifier Assembly from the instrument by following Steps
1-8 in ”Replacing the Amplifier Assembly” on page 4-63.
2. Remove the Amplifier Assembly cover by removing the two screws that
hold it in place (Figure 4.54) using a Phillips-head screwdriver. Then, lift
the cover off.
July 22, 2005
Screws
Fan Screws
Figure 4.54 Amplifier Assembly Cover, Fan Screw Locations
3. Remove four screws, with washers, at the corners of the fan (Figure 4.54).
4. Release two connectors at the top of the fan.
5. Cut the tie wrap holding the connectors in place using a pair of wire
cutters.
6. Unpack the replacement fan and insert it into the Amplifier Assembly.
7. Connect the two connectors.
8. Replace the four screws and washers at the corners of the fan.
4-94
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
9. Replace the Amplifier Assembly back into the instrument by following
Steps 10-19 in ”Replacing the Amplifier Assembly” on page 4-63.
Hot air exhausts from the fan outlet. Do not block it.
July 22, 2005
NOTE
72A-1230 Rev. F
4-95
July 22, 2005
Replacing the Fan
4-96
72A-1230 Rev. F
Appendix A. M4000 Components Lists
M4000 Insulation Analyzer
Components that may be included with the M4000 Insulation Analyzer are as
follows:
Number
Description
Qty
1
010-0097-01
Type M4200c Controller (optional)
1
2
010-0096-01
Type M4000 Instrument Case
1
3
02D-0024-02
Type M2 Cable, HV, 60 ft.
1
4
02C-5200-01
Liquid Insulation Cell (w/carrying case)
1
5
03D-1070-02
Transporter (optional)
1
6
02C-5798-09
Accessory Bag
1
7
2FB-2464-01
Documentation Bag
1
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
No.
A-1
July 22, 2005
Accessory Bag
A-2
No.
Number
Description
Qty
1
RC
Revision Level D
0 EA
2
181-0452
Power Cord, 6 ft. #14/3, Receptacle box
to Instrument & Controller
2 EA
3
181-0499
Power Cord, 50 ft. #14/3
1 EA
4
181-0117
Cord, Adapter, 1EC320 to Nema5,
Receptacle box to female plug (for
laptop)
1 EA
5
05B-0430-01
P/A, Cable, Int-Con.
(Intercase communication cable)
1 EA
6
02C-0019-01
Cable, Ground, 30 ft.
1 EA
7
02B-0050-07
Cable, Safety SW 8 ft.
1 EA
8
02B-0050-06
Cable, Safety SW 65 ft.
1 EA
9
02B-0020-02
Lead, LV, Blue 65 ft.
1 EA
10
02B-0020-03
Lead, LV, Red 65 ft.
1 EA
11
02B-0026-01
Lead, Ground 3 ft.
1 EA
12
02B-0026-02
Lead, Ground 5 ft.
5 EA
13
02B-0017-01
Red Jumper Cable, Insulated, LD
2 EA
14
02B-0089-01
P/ASY, Prong, Test
(Type O bushing tap adapter)
1 EA
15
O20-0048-01
P/A, Collar, Cond. Set
1 Ea
16
02B-0012-01
P/ASY, Adapter, Bushing
(Type S bushing tap adapter)
1 EA
17
2FC-4836-01
Hook, Cable, 9 inch diameter
1 EA
18
03B-1137-01
P/A, Adapter Bushing
(ASEA bushing tap adapter)
1 EA
19
212-0416
Connector, Female, Undergrounding
(O+ bushing tap adapter)
1 EA
20
2FB-2463-01
Bag, Cable, Grey
1 EA
21
09C-0613-01
RWK, Strobe Light (optional)
1 EA
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Number
Description
Qty
22
09C-0614-01
Temp. & Humid. Sensor (old) (optional)
1 EA
23
03C-1318-01
Temp. & Humid. Sensor (new)
(optional)
1 EA
24
05B-0492-01
Cable, Strobe Light (optional)
1 EA
25
05B-0493-01
Cable, Temp./Humid Sensor (optional)
1 EA
26
03C-1074-01
P/A, Box, Power Receptacle.
1 EA
27
05B-0495-01
Diagnostic Test Cable, W51, Fld,
Adapter
1 EA
28
181-0095
Power Cord, 10 ft. 18/3,
Nemas/IEC 320
1 EA
29
05B-0508-01
Conn., Loopback, Plug
1 EA
30
05B-0509-01
Conn., Loopback, Rcpt
1 EA
31
05B-0503-01
PC to Instrument Cable
1 EA
July 22, 2005
No.
72A-1230 Rev. F
A-3
July 22, 2005
Documentation Bag
No.
Number
Description
Qty
1
RC
Revision Level C
0 EA
2
2FB-2464-01
Bag, Gray Document
1 EA
3
401-0051
Paper 8 3/4 x 100 ft. Thermal Bl
2 EA
4
903-0023
Paper Tube, 2 in x 9 1/2 in White
2 EA
5
401-0076
Software MS DOS 6 x 3.5 Fullman
1 EA
6
903-0026
Diskette Box M4000
1 EA
7
903-0026
Diskette Box DTA
1 EA
8
903-0026
Diskette Box User
1 EA
9
500-0100
Manual Oper M4K Insul. Analyzer
1 EA
10
903-0030
Drive, 5/64, 5 in Lg. Allen HD
1 EA
11
08A-0021-01
Disk Set, Software
1 EA
12
08A-0022-01
Disk, Util. & Root
1 EA
13
401-0121
Windows 3.1 Diskettes
14
A-4
Patch Cable & Modem Manual
72A-1230 Rev. F
Appendix B. Warranty
RENTAL EQUIPMENT
The Doble Service and Equipment Agreement provides perpetual hardware
and software maintenance for the M4000 Insulation Analyzer throughout the
agreement teen.
PURCHASED EQUIPMENT
Limited Warranty
During the one year warranty period, DOBLE will repair or replace, at its
option, any defective products or components thereof at no additional charge,
provided that the product or component is returned, shipping pa paid, to
DOBLE. The purchaser is responsible for insuring any product or component
so returned and assumes the risk of loss during shipment. All replaced
products and components become the property of DOBLE.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY DOES NOT EXTEND TO ANY PRODUCTS
WHICH HAVE BEEN DAMAGED AS A RESULT OF ACCIDENT,
MISUSE, ABUSE, OR AS A RESULT OF MODIFICATION BY ANYONE
OTHER THAN DOBLE OR AN AUTHORIZED DOBLE
REPRESENTATIVE.
EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH ABOVE, NO OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, ARE MADE WITH
RESPECT TO THE PRODUCT INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. DOBLE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL
WARRANTIES NOT STATED HEREIN. IN THE EVENT THE PRODUCT
IS NOT FREE FROM DEFECTS AS WARRANTED ABOVE, THE
PURCHASER'S SOLE REMEDY SHALL BE REPAIR OR
REPLACEMENT AS PROVIDED ABOVE. UNDER NO
CIRCUMSTANCES WILL DOBLE BE LIABLE TO THE PURCHASER OR
72A-1230 Rev. F
B-1
July 22, 2005
Doble Engineering Company (DOBLE) warrants the products that it
manufactures to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of one year from the date shipped from the factory.
Software Limited Warranty
ANY USER FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT
LIMITATION, PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE CAUSED
BY THE PRODUCT, ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, EXPENSES, LOST PROFITS, LOST SAVINGS, OR OTHER
DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE
THIS PRODUCT.
Software Limited Warranty
THIS SOFTWARE PRODUCT IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF
THIS SOFTWARE PRODUCT IS WITH PURCHASER SHOULD THE
PRODUCT PROVE DEFECTIVE. PURCHASER (AND NOT DOBLE OR
AN AUTHORIZED DEALER) ASSUMES THE ENTIRE COST OF ALL
NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.
July 22, 2005
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED
WARRANTIES SO THE ABOVE EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY. THIS
WARRANTY GIVES THE PURCHASER SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS
AND THE USER MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY
FROM STATE TO STATE.
DOBLE warrants the disks on which the software product is furnished to be
free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use for a period
of one hundred and twenty (120) days from the date of shipment from
DOBLE.
Limitations of Remedies
DOBLE's entire liability and Purchaser's exclusive remedy shall be:
1. The replacement of any disks not meeting DOBLE's “Limited Warranty”
which are returned to DOBLE.
2. If DOBLE is unable to deliver replacement disks which are free from
defects in materials and workmanship, Purchaser may terminate this
agreement by returning the software product and all copies thereof in any
form and affirming compliance with this requirement in writing. DOBLE
will refund the purchase price.
B-2
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
IN NO EVENT WILL DOBLE BE LIABLE TO PURCHASER FOR ANY
DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY LOST PROFITS, LOST SAVINGS, OR
OTHER INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING
OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE SUCH SOFTWARE
PRODUCT EVEN IF DOBLE OR AN AUTHORIZED DEALER HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, OR FOR
ANY CLAIM BY ANY OTHER PARTY.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION
OF LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES,
SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY.
For Equipment Maintenance, Contact:
Contact your Doble Representative.
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
Doble Engineering Company
85 Walnut Street
Post Office Box 9107
Watertown, MA 02472-9107
Tel: 617 393 2900
Fax: 617 926 0528
B-3
July 22, 2005
For Equipment Maintenance, Contact:
B-4
72A-1230 Rev. F
Appendix C. Error Messages
M4100 Instrument Run Time Error Messages
Error #
Description of Error
1
Invalid Message Number
2
Invalid Message Length
3
Unsupported Message
4
Test is Currently Running
5
Not Enough Free Space in FLASH for Application
6
Unused
7
FLASH Did Not Program Properly
8
FLASH Did Not Erase Properly
9
Invalid Number of Application Bytes Received
10
FLASH Execute Checksum Error
11
Boot Block Checksum Test Failed
12
Static RAM Test Failed
13
UART Internal Loopback Test Failed
14 - 19
Reserved for Future Use
20
Watchdog Reset Error
21
Invalid Message Parameter
22
Unused
23
Safety Switch 1 Open
24
Safety Switch 2 Open
25
Unused
26
Calibration Reference Overvoltage
27
Unused
28
Earth Ground Open
29
Safety Circuit DC Supply Low
30
Unused
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
This appendix lists the error messages displayed while using the M4000
Insulation Analyzer.
C-1
July 22, 2005
Error #
Description of Error
31
Unused
32
Internal Amp Cable Disconnected
33
One or Both Safety Switch Cables Disconnected
34
Power Amp Power Bad
35
Overcurrent on Power Amp Output
36
Power Amp DC Supply High
37
Power Amp DC Supply Low
38
M4000 Synchronization Error
39
Phase Lock Loop Not Locked
40
Strobe Cable Not Plugged In
41
Strobe Not Flashing
42 - 49
Reserved for Future Use
50
Lead Changed During Test
51
Safety Switches Not Released Between Tests
52
Software Buffer Overrun
53
One or Both Low Voltage Leads Disconnected
54
Overcurrent Occurred
55
Amplifier OverTemperature Occurred
56
Input Current Peak Maximum Exceeded
57
Transformer OverTemperature Occurred
58
Test Stopped By Controller
59
Comm. Timeout Detected By Instrument
60
Main Reference OverTemperature Occurred
61
Calibration Reference OverTemperature Occurred
62
High Voltage Over 12.5 kV
63
Voltage Input Saturated
64
Requested Maximum Voltage Exceeded
M4000 Firmware/Application Errors
C-2
Error #
Description Of Error
81
Unable to open application file
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Error #
Description Of Error
82
Application file is corrupted
83
Error downloading application
84
Error programming FLASH ROM. application not found in
FLASH.
85
M4100 FLASH ROM has been corrupted
Unable to open M4100 Firmware file. Tests cannot be run
M4100 Firmware file is corrupted. Tests cannot be run
Error downloading M4100 Firmware. Tests cannot be run
Error programming FLASH ROM. M4100 Firmware not found
in FLASH. Tests cannot be run
M4100 Firmware file requires an updated version. Tests cannot
be run
M4000 Communications Errors
72A-1230 Rev. F
Error #
Description of Error
100
No Errors
101
Undefined Error
102
Requested Port Out Of Range
103
Port Already Set Up
104
Invalid Buffer Size Requested
105
No Memory For Buffers
106
Communications Not Initialized
107
Invalid Parameter
108
Buffer Is Empty
109
Buffer Is Full
110
Timed Out
111
Cts Inactive
112
Cd Inactive
113
Dsr Inactive
C-3
July 22, 2005
M4100 FLASH ROM has been corrupted. tests cannot be run
July 22, 2005
C-4
Error #
Description of Error
114
Error Accessing Comm. Port
115
Xmodem Exception
116
User Keyboard Abort
117
File I/O Error
118
Xmodem Protocol Error
119
Widetrack Rx Not On
120
Shared-Interrupt Parameter Wrong
121
Crc Mode Error
122
Modem Didn’t Send Ok
123
No Modem Response
124
Function Not Supported
125
Illegal Baud Rate
126
Illegal Parity
127
Illegal Word Length
128
Illegal Number Of Stop Bits
129
Missing Copyright Notice
130
Driver Not Installed
131
User Buffer Overflow
132
Failure To Connect To Port
133
No Response From M4000, Check Connections
134
Communications Parity Error, Check Connections
135
Communications Overrun Error, Check Connections
136
Communications Framing Error, Check Connections
137
Invalid Message Number
138
Invalid Message Checksum
139
Invalid Message Length
140
Invalid Message ACK/NAK Byte
141
Received Loopback Message Does Not Match
Transmitted Message
142
No Loopback Message Received
151
Error reading EEPROM data
152
Error writing EEPROM data
153
Board name not specified
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
Description of Error
154
Board slot not found
195
Illegal stop bits
196
Illegal word length
197
Illegal parity setting
198
Timed out
199
Function not supported
295
Handshake Line in use
296
Port Settings failed
297
Windows OS error
298
COM Port not found
299
COM Port in use
July 22, 2005
Error #
72A-1230 Rev. F
C-5
July 22, 2005
C-6
72A-1230 Rev. F
Appendix D. Part Numbers
Description
Part Number
Front Panel Assembly
03D-1056
Guard Front Panel Board
04D-0536
Amplifier Assembly
03D-1055-01
Guard Mode Switch Board
04D-0551
Timing Board
04D-0533
DSP/CPU Board
04D-0520
Safety Board
04D-0544
Main Reference Assembly
04D-0583
Guard Board
04D-0527
Low Voltage Power Supply Board
384-0138
Combined Assembly (LVPS & H/TC)
03D-1057-01
Heater/Temperature Controller Board
04D-0547
Field Calibration Reference
04D-0524
I/O Protection Board
04D-0546
Transformer
03D-1054
HV Pothead
03C-0056-07
Fan
380-0042
72A-1230 Rev. F
July 22, 2005
Doble part numbers of replaceable M4100 components are provided in this
appendix.
D-1
July 22, 2005
D-2
72A-1230 Rev. F
M4000 Insulation Analyzer User Guide
C
Calibration Verification 4-26
Calver.log file 4-29
Clipboard
configuration 2-14
test mode 2-9
Test results 3-8
COM Port settings 2-5
Communications Loopback test 4-40
Configuration
Advanced 2-19
Clipboard 2-14
DTA 2-16
Instrument 2-18
System 2-13
D
Diagnostics 4-21
Disconnecting Leads 1-26
Display mode 2-15
Doble ship to address 1-18
Downloading firmware 2-1
DTA
Configuration 2-16
Test mode 3-17
E
Earth Ground Open 4-16
Electrostatic Interference 1-1
Error messages 4-16
External
Keyboard 1-6
Monitor 1-5
Mouse 1-6
External Reference test 3-12
F
Field Calibration Reference 1-7, 4-31, 4-82
Field Recalibration 4-31
Fieldcal.log file 4-34
72A-1140 Rev. F
Fuses 4-52
G
Grounding 1-21, 1-23
H
Help files 2-21
I
Induced Voltage 1-22
Insert a test line 2-12
Instrument configuration 2-18
Interference 1-1
K
Keyboard, External 1-6
L
Languages 2-20
Laptop Use 1-16
Leakage Reactance
Interface 1-9
Test 3-16
Line Frequency Modulation 2-14
Line Sync Reversal 1-2, 2-15
Log Files
Calver.log 4-29
Fieldcal.log 4-34
Loss Factor 2-16
July 22, 2005
A
Advanced Configuration 2-19
M
M4000
Data directory 2-14
main screen 2-7
M4100
Component list 4-38
Error messages 4-16
Internal access 4-46
Weight 1-24
M4110 Leakage Reactance Interface 1-9
M4300 Transport 1-10
Main Screen 2-7
Monitor, external 1-5
1
Index
Moving mode 1-11
P
PC
Connector Cable 1-16
Requirements 1-16
Printer setup 2-22
July 22, 2005
R
Ramp mode 2-14
Recalibration 4-31
Reference to 10 kV 2-15
Remove an empty test line 2-12
Resonator tests 3-25
RIV test 3-28
Time/Date format 2-6
Trapped Charges 1-22
Troubleshooting
Common user errors 4-1
Guide 4-2
HV Cable 4-42
Liquid Insulation Cell 4-43
LV leads 4-42
M4100 Diagnostics 4-21
M4100 Instrument 4-5
M4100 or M4200c? 4-3
PC COM port 2-5
PC Comport Setting 1-16
U
USB to Serial Converter 1-16
S
Safety 1-1, 1-19
Safety strobe 1-3, 1-24, 2-19
Serial to USB Converter 1-16
Settling time 2-19
Ship to address 1-18
Software Installation 2-1
Storage mode 1-11
Subsystem Diagnostics 4-34
System
Configuration 2-13
Status 4-23
T
Temperature Correction 2-12
Test
Clipboard mode 3-1
Conditions 3-3
DTA 3-17
External reference 3-12
Leakage Reactance 3-16
Mode, M4000 1-13
Options 2-16
Resonator 3-25
RIV 3-28
Type 2-15
Thermal profile 4-39
2
72A-1140 Rev. F