Chevrolet 1995 Astro Owner`s manual

A
Supplement to the 1995 C/K
Series, Sierra, Suburban,
Tahoe, Yukon, Safari, Astro,
Rally, Vandura, Chevrolet Van,
Lumina Minivan and Trans Sport
Owner’s Manuals
This supplement includesthe latest information at the time ofprinting.
We reserve the right to make changes in the product afer that time
withoutfirther notice. For vehiclescfirst sold in Canada, substitute the
name “General Motors of Canada” for General Motors wherever it
appears in this manual.
@Copyright1995 General Motors Corporation. All rights reserved.
Printed inU.S.A. General Motors, Sierra, Suburban, Tahoe, Yukon,
Safari, Astro, Rally, Vandura, Chevrolet Van, Lumina Minivan and
Trans Sport are registered trademarksof General Motors Corporation.
STFF7S
As of SeptemberI , 1995, this information replaces Step
7 of the
“Securing a Child Restraint
in a Center Seat Position” portion
of your
owner’s manualon the following pages, depending onyour vehicle:
CIK Series, Sierra:1-39
Suburban, Tahoe and Yukon:1-45
Rally, Vanduraand Chevy Van: 1-36
Astro and Safari: 1-37
Lumina and naris Sport: 1-56
7. Push and pull the child restraintin different directions tobe sure it
is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraintin a different placein the
vehicle and contactthe child restraint maker for their advice about
how to attach the child restraint properly.
2
Table of Contents
Introduction - How to Use this Manual
This section tells you how to use your manual and includes safety
and vehicle damage warnings and symbols.
Section 1 - Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts
properly. It also explainsthe air bag system.
Section 2 - Features & Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
Section 3 - Comfort Controls& Audio Systems
This section tellsyou how to adjust the ventilation and comfort
controls and how to operate your audio system.
Section 4 - Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and
how to drive under different conditions.
Section 5 - Problems on the Road
This sectiontells you what to do if you have a problem while
driving, such as a flat tire or engine overheating, etc.
Section 6-
Service & Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running
properly and looking good.
Section 7 - Maintenance Schedule
This section.tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and
what fluids and lubricants to use.
Section 8 - Customer Assistance Information
This section tellsyou how to contact GM for assistanceand how to
get service publications.It also gives you information on
“Reporting Safety Defects”on page 8-4.
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subject in this
manual. You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
1
Introduction
1995 Chevrolet Astro Owner’s Manual
Welcome
This manual was prepared to acquaint you with the operation and
maintenance of your 1995 Chevrolet Astroand to provide important safety
information. There is also a Chevrolet Truck Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information booklet. In some vehicles, there can be information
manuals from other manufacturers like body builders or special equipment
companies. We urge you to review all these publications carefully. This will
help you enjoy safe and trouble-free operation of your vehicle.
When it comes to service,keep in mind that your Chevrolet dealer knows
your vehicle best and is interested in your complete satisfaction. Your dealer
invites you to return for all of your service needs both during and after the
warranty period.
Remember, if you have a concern and need help handling it to your
satisfaction, see the procedure in the Chevrolet Truck Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information booklet.
Thanks for choosing a Chevrolet product. We value you as a member of the
Chevrolet family. We want to assure you of our continuing interest in your
pleasure and satisfaction with your vehicle.
Chevrolet Motor Division
General Motors Corporation
30007 Van Dyke Ave.
Warren, Michigan
@Copyright 1994 General Motors Corporation, ChevroletMotor Division
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.
Second Edition
..
11
Important Notesto Owners and Drivers
Abouf This Manual
Please keep this manual in your vehicle so it will be there if you ever need it
when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in
it so the new owner can use it.
This manual includes the latest informationat the time it was printed. We
reserve the right to make changes in the product after that time without
further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for ChevroletMotor Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian Qwners Who Prefer a French Languag
Manual:
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplaire de
ce guide en francais chez votre concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing
Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T1 C7.
General Motors, GM and the GM Emblem, Chevrolet and the Chevrolet
Emblem, and ASTRO are registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
...
111
Model Reference
This manual covers these models:
Cargo Model
Passenger Model
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning to end when they
first receivetheir new vehicle. This will help you learn about the features
and controls foryour vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures and
words work together to explain things quickly.
INDEX: A good place to look for what you need is the Index in back of the
manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all that’s in the manual, and the page
number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. We use a box with
gray background and the word CAUTION to tell you about things that could
hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
iV
In the gray caution area,we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell you
what to do tohelp avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions.If
you don’t, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circlewith a slash through itin this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,” “Don’t do this,’’ or “Don’t let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage
your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your
vehicle. Many times, this damagewould not be covered by your warranty,
and it could be costly. But the notice will tell you what to doto help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE
warnings in different colors orin different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use yellow for
cautions, blue for notices and the words CAUTION or NOTICE.
V
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you will find on your vehicle. For example,
these symbols are used on an original battery:
1
7
A
Caurron
Possible Injury
Caustic Battery Acid Spark or Flame Could
Explode Battery
Could Cause Burns
Protect Eyes
by Shielding
Avoid Sparks
or Flames
These symbols are important for you and your passengers whenever your
vehicle is driven:
Qe
-
I
I
Fasten Safety
Door LocWUnlock
Belts
vi
These symbols have to do with your lights:
I
Master Lighting
Switch
1 P=Parking Lights
I
Turn Signal
Direction
I
Hazard Warning
Flasher
I
I
Headlight
High Beam
I
Daytime
Running Lights
These symbols are on some of your controls:
Hood Release
Windshield
Wiper
Windshield
Washer
r
Ventilating Fan
Rear Window
Wiper 6: Washer
Windshield
Defroster
l
Rear Window
Defogger
vii
Hatch
Release
These symbols are used on warning and indicator lights:
I
I
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Fue I
System
I
I
Brake
(Digital Cluster)
Engine Oil
Pressure
I
4 - Wheel
Anti - Lock
(Digital Cluster)
Here are some other symbols you may see:
I
Fuse
Lighter
Horn
viii
Speaker
Seats and Restraint Systems
Section
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use
your safety belts properly. You can also learn about some things you should
nut do with air bags and safety belts.
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats-how to adjust them, take them out
and put them back in. It also tells you about bucket and bench seats, power
seats, and head restraints.
Front Seats
A CAUTION:
You can lose controlof the vehicle if you try
to adjust a manual
driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement
could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when
you don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when the vehicle
is not moving.
1-1
Manual Front Seat
The bucket seats can
be adjusted forward or
rearward by the lever
at the front of the seat.
Move the seatadjustment lever at the front of the seat towards the driver's
door to unlock it. Slidethe seat to where you want it. Then release the lever
and try to move the seat with your body, to make sure the seat is locked into
place.
Power Driver's Seat
You can adjust the seat before entering the vehicle.
The front controlmakes the front of the seat go up and down.
The rear control makes the rear of the seat go up and down.
The center controlmakes the whole seat go up and down or forward and
rearward.
1-2
Reclining Bucket Seats
If you have this feature, you will have a lever on the inside of the seat to
adjust the seatback.
You can adjust the
seatback by lifting the
lever. Release the
lever to lock the seat
back where you want
it. Pull up on the lever
and the seat will go to
an upright position.
But don't have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.
1-3
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash thebelt could go
Rear Seats
Bucket Seats
If you have rearbucket seats in your vehicle, they will recline and adjust the
same way as the frontmanual bucket seats. See“Front Seats” earlier in this
section or in the Index.
Bench Seats
If you have bench seats in your vehicle, each seat can carry up to three
passengers. They can also be removed to increase storage space.
The center and rear bench seats can be adjusted forward or rearward by the
lever at the frontof the seat.
1-4
Move the seat
adjustment leverat the
front of the seat
towards the
passenger’s side to
unlock it. Slide the
seat towhere you
want it. Then release
the lever and try to
move the seat with
your body, to make
sure the seat is locked
into place.
The non-touring center bench seat has a pivoting right armrest. The left
armrest can also be used as a storage compartment.
The storage compartment and beverage cooler can also be used as rear seat
armrests. See “StorageCompartments” in the Index.
The optional touring bench seats come with moveable armrests, individual
reclining seatbacks, adjustableheadrests and a fold down center console.
To adjust your
seatback, pull up on
the lever on the lower
outside of the seat.
The centerbench
seatbacks will recline
further back than the
rear bench seatbacks.
1-5
To raise or lower the
center console,press
the button between the
beverage holders.
Only sit in the center
seating position when
the console is in an
upright position. For
details about
headrests, see “Head
Restraints’’ inthis
section.
Seatback Latches (Non-Touring BenchSeats)
To fold your
non-touring seatback
forward, pull up on
the latch release lever
while pulling the
seatback toward you.
The lever is on the
right rear of your seat.
After the latch has been released, pushthe seatback down until it locks in
place. To raise the seatback, unlockthe seat by pushing forward on the lever.
Make sure the seatback is locked when it is put back in the upright position.
1-6
Removable Seats (Touring and Non-Touring Bench Seats)
To Remove The Seat
1. Disconnect the quick release latch plates forthe lap-shoulder belt from
the buckles in the roof.
1
BELTFOR
\
SEAT REMOVAL
II
1,
I
.-+-
INTO HOLE
:";=I
I
I
I
2. If you are removing the center seat,remove the right lapshoulder belt.
To do this, press the tipof a key into the release holeof the safetybelt
attachment while pullingup on the safety belt.
1-7
3. If you have a
safety belt guide
on your seat, pull
the safety belt all
the way out
through the
guide.
4. Pull up on the
seatback latch on
the right rear of
the front seat.
Push the seatback
down until it
locks in place
(non-touring
bench seats only).
5. Lift up on the seat release latch. The latches are near the floor on the
rear legs of the seat. To relieve pressure on the latch, pull back on the
seat.
6. Lift up on the
rear of the seat to
remove the seat
assembly from
the rear latch
pins. Then, pull
back and lift the
seat out of the
vehicle.
1-8
To Install The Seat
1. Lower the seat into position. Make sure the front retainers are hooked
onto the anchorpins. Pull the seatdown to latch the rear retainers.
Make sure the seat islocked in by pulling up and down on the seat.
~~
A CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly canmove around in a
collision or sudden stop. Peoplein the vehicle could be injured.
Be sure to lock the seat intoplace properly when installing it.
2. Raise the seatbackby pushing forward on the latch at the right rear of
the seat. Pullup on the seatback until it is locked securely in the up
position.
1-9
3. Attach the quick release latch plateto the buckles in the roof. If you are
installing the center seat,
colinect the right lap-shoulder belt to the
attachment on the seat cushion. If you have a safety belt guide on your
seat, pull the belt through the guide before reattaching the lap-shoulder
belt to the sideof the seat. The releasehole should be facing outward.
NOTICE:
Be sure to put the correct seats back
in the proper positionsso
the safety belts willwork properly.
If you installed the safety belt with the release hole facing inward
(toward the seat), slide the
plastic cover up so you can seethe buckle.
Disconnect the seatbelt. Slide the cover back down and reinstall the
belt correctly.
Head Restraints
Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable on others. Slide an
adjustable head restraint up or down so that the top of the restraint is closest
to the top of your ears. Thisposition reduces the chance of a neck injury in a
crash.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly. It also
tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.
And it explainsthe Supplemental Inflatable Restraint,
or “air bag” system.
1-10
A
CAUTION:
Don’t letanyone ride where he or she can’t wear a safety belt
properly. If you are in a crash andyou’re not wearing a safety
belt, your injuriescan be much worse.You can hit things inside
the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously injured or
killed. In the same crash, you might not be if you are buckled
up. Always fasten your safety belt,and check that your
passengers’ beltsare fastened properly too.
Your vehicle has a light that comes on as a reminder to buckle up. (See
“Safety Belt Reminder Light” in the Index.)
In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts.
Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you don’t
know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild,and some crashes can be so serious that even
buckled up a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes are in between. In
many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away.
Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In
most crashes buckling up does matter ... a lot!
1-11
Why SafefyBelts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.
Take the simplest
vehicle. Suppose it's
just a seat on wheels.
1
Put someone on it.
.
Get it up to speed.
Then stop the vehicle.
The rider doesn't stop.
."
1-12
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument
panel ...
or the safety belts!
1-13
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to
stop. You stop overmore distance, and your strongest bones take the forces,
That’s why safety belts make such good sense.
Here Are QuestionsMany People Ask About
Safety Belts and the Answers
-
0:Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident if I’m wearing a
safety belt?
A:
You could be - whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you
can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down. And your
chance of being conscious duringand after an accident, so you can
unbuckle and get out, is much greater if you are belted.
0:Why don’t they just
putin air bags so people won’t haveto wear
safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in more of them in the
future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -not instead of them. Every air bag system ever offered
for sale has required the use of safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle
that has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection.
That’s true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and
other collisions.
Q If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far
fromhome, why should I
wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an accident -even
one that isn’t your fault - you and your passengers can be hurt. Being
a good driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your control,
such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the
greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds
of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-14
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special thingsknow
to about safety belts and
children. And there are different rules for smallerchildren and babies. If a
child will be riding in your vehicle, see the partof this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driverhas a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up
straight.
3. Pick up the latch plateand pull the belt across you. Don’t let it get
twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safetv BeltExtender” at the end of
this section.
1-15
Make surethe release button on the buckle is positioned so you would
be able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as
you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to
the strong pelvic bones.
And you’d be lesslikely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply forceat your abdomen. This could cause serious or
even
fatal injuries. The shoulderbelt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. Theseparts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop ora crash.
1-16
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt adjuster to
the height that
is right foryou.
To move it down,push in at the top of the arrows and move the height
adjuster tothe desired position.You can move the adjusterup just by
pushing up on the shoulder belt guide. After you move the adjusterto where
you want it, try to move it down without pushing in to make sure it has
locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered on your
shoulder. The belt should be away from your face and neck, but not falling
off your shoulder.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
I
A:
I
I
I
8
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly as much protection
this way.
1-17
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is over an armrest.
1-18
Q: What's wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn over the
shoulder atall times.
A CAUTION:
,
..
.
,
...
,
." .
- . . . ._
:
a-,-
You can be seriouslyinjured if youpwear the shoulder belt under
your arm.In a crash, your body would move toofar forward,
which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also,
the belt would apply too muchforce to the ribs, which aren't as
strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severelyinjure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
1-19
Q: What's wrong with this?
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
A
I
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you
wouldn't have the full widthof the beltto spread impact forces.
If a beltis twisted, makeit straight so it can work properly, or
ask your dealerto fix it.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle. The belt should go
back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the
door on it, you can damage both the belt and your vehicle.
1-20
1-21
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows
AIR BAG. The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. Thelight tells you if there is an electrical problem. See “Air
Bag Readiness Light” in the Index for more information.
How the Air Bag System Works
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s facial air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-22
A
CAUTION:
Don’t put anythingon, or attach anything to,
the steering wheel.
Also, don’t put anything (such
as pets or objects) between the
driver and the steering wheel. If something is between an
occupant and an air bag, it could affect the performance of the
air bag- or worse, it could cause injury.
When should an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. The air bag will inflate only if the impact speed is
above the system’s designed “threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight
into a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is about 11 to 16
mph (1 8 to 26 k d h ) . The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design,so that it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such as a parked car, the
threshold level will be higher. The air bag is not designed to inflate in
rollovers, side impacts, orrear impacts, because inflation would not help the
occupant.
In any particular crash,no one can say whether an air bag should have.
inflated simply because of the damageto a vehicle or because of what the
repair costswere. Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and the
vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one indication of this.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontalimpact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing system detects
that the vehicle is suddenly stopping as a resultof a crash. The sensing
system triggers achemical reaction of the sodium azide sealed in the
inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen gas, which inflates the air bag.The
inflator, air bag, and related hardware are all part of the air bag module
packed inside the steering wheel.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering wheel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly overthe occupant’s upper body, stopping the occupant
more gradually. But air bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rolloversand rear and side impacts,primarily because an
occupant’s motion is not toward the air bag. Air bags should never be
regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only
in moderate to severe frontal ornear-frontal collisions.
1-23
What will you seeafter an airbag inflates?
After the airbag inflates, it quickly deflates. This occursso quickly that
some people may not even realize the air bag inflated. Some components of
the air bag module in the steering wheel hub will be hot for a short time, but
the part of the bag that comes into contactwith you will not be hot to the
touch. Therewill be some smoke coming from vents in the deflated air bag.
Air bag inflation will not prevent the driver fromseeing or from being able
to steer the vehicle, nor will it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
A CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates,there is dust in the air. This dust could
cause breathing problems for people witha history of asthma or
other breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyonein the vehicle
should get out as soon as itis safeto do so. If you havebreathing
problems but can’t getout of the vehicle after anair bag inflates,
then get fresh air by opening a window or door.
The air bag is designed to inflate only once. After it inflates, you’ll
need some new parts for your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the
air bag system won’t be there to help protect you in another crash. A
new system will include the air bag module and possibly other parts.
The servicemanual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other
parts .
Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module, which records
information about the air bag system. Themodule records information
about thereadiness of the system, when the sensors are activated and
driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag system. Improper
service can mean that your air bag system won’t work properly. See
your dealer for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the cover of the driver’s facialair bag, it may not
work properly.You may have to replacethe air bag module. Do
not open or break the air bag cover.
1-24
Servicing Your Facial Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
The facial air bag affects how your vehicle should be serviced.There are
parts of the airbag system in several places around your vehicle. You don’t
want the system to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
GM dealer and the 1995 GM Service Manual have information about
servicing your vehicle and the air bag system. To purchase a service manual,
see “Service Publications”in the Index. The airbag system does not need
regular maintenance.
Adding Equipment to Your Facial Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
0:If I add a push bumper or a bicycle rack to thefront of my vehicle,
will it keep the air bag from working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is attached toyour vehicle
so that the vehicle’s basic structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep
the air bags from working properly in a crash.
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front of the vehicle that could
keep the air bag from working properly?
A:
Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s frame, bumper
system, frontend sheet metal or height,they may keep the air bag
system from working properly. Also, the airbag system may not work
properly if you relocate any of the air bag sensors. If you have any
question about this,you should contactCustomer Assistance before
you modify your vehicle. (The phone numbers and addresses for
Customer Assistance arein Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure” in
the Index .)
1-25
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone,including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they don’t wear
safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be worn as low as possible throughout the pregnancy.
A
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother. When a safety belt
is worn properly, it’s more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash.For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective is
wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s
safety belt. See “Driver Position,” earlier in this section.
When the shoulderbelt is pulled out all the way, it will lock. If it does, let it
go back all the way and start again.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rearseat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics
show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes
than those who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash. And they can strike others in the vehicle who are wearing safety
belts.
1-26
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
These positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull it across you. Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. If the belt stops
before it reaches thebuckle, tilt the latch plate and keep pulling until
you can buckle it. Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender’’ at the end of
this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would
be able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-27
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as
you pull up on the shoulder part.
The lappart of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to
the strong pelvic bones.
And you’d be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force atyour abdomen. This could cause serious oreven
fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able totake belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop ora crash.
1-28
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Center Passenger Position (BenchSeat)
1-29
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has rear bench seats, someone can sit in the center positions.
When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap safety belt, which
has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along
the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull its freeend as shown until the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part of a
lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the end of this section.
Make sure therelease button on the buckle is positioned so you would be
able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-30
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes infantsand all
children smaller than adult size.In fact, the law in every state in the United
States and in every Canadian province says childrenup to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
8
A
1-31
?
Child Restraints
Be sure to followthe instructions forthe restraint. You may find these
instructions on therestraint itself or in a booklet, or both. These restraints
use the belt system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reducethe chance of personal injury. The
instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show you how
to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are saferif they are restrained in the
rear rather than thefront seat. We at General Motors therefore recommend
that you put your child restraint in the rear seat unless the child is an infant
and you’re the only adult in the vehicle. In that case, you might want to
secure therestraint in the front seat where you can keep an eye on the baby.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.
1-32
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a
collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure toproperly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle -even when no child is init.
Top Strap
If your child restraint
has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
If YOU need to have an anchor installed, you can ask your GM dealer to put
it in for you. If you want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how to do it.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside Seat
Position
You’ll be using the lapshoulder belt. See the earlier part about the top strap
if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
1-33
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the
vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint
instructions will show you how. Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if
needed. If the shoulderbelt goes in front of the child’s face orneck, put
it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you
would be able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-34
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while you push down
on the child restraint.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is
secure.
To remove the child restraint, justunbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let
it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to
work for an adult or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint a
inCenter Seat Position
(Bench Seat)
You’ll be using the lap belt.
See the earlierpart about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1-35
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it
along the belt.
..
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you
would be able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-36
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push down on the child
restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is
secure. If the child restraint isn’t secure, turn the latch plate over and
buckle it again. Then see if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint in
a different place in the vehicle and contact the child restraint maker for
their advice about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It will
be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat
Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part about the top strap
if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the
vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or neck, put it
behind the child restraint.
1-37
4. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5 . Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set
the lock.
d‘
1-38
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor while
you push down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is
secure.
To remove the child restraint, justunbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let
it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
Larger Children
Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle’s
safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can
wear a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can
provide.
1-39
Accident statistics show that children are saferif they are restrained in the
rear seat. But they need to use the safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in a crash.
0
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other people who are.
Q: What if a child is wearinga lap-shoulder belt, but the child isso
small that the shoulder belt is very close to the child’sorface
neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s
face or neck, you might want to place the child in a seat that has a lap
belt, if your vehicle has one.
1-40
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touchingthe child’s thighs. This appliesbelt force to
the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten,your dealer will order you an
extender. It’s free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat
you
will wear, so the extenderwill be long enough for you. The extenderwill be
just foryou, and just for the seat in your vehicle that you choose. Don’t let
someone else use it,and use it only for the seatit is made to fit.To wear it,
just attach it to the regularsafety belt.
1-41
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors,
anchorages and reminder systems areworking properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged restraint system parts. If you see anything that might keep
a restraint system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayedbelts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under
a one right away.
impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get new
Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash,do you need newbelts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were
stretched, as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then you
need new belts.
If belts are cutor damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean
you will need to have safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New
parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at the
time of the collision.
Before replacing any safety belt, see your dealer for thecorrect part number.
You’ll need the model year and model number for your vehicle. The model
year is on your title and registration. And you can find the model number on
the Certificatioflire label of your vehicle. See “Certificatioflire Label” in
the Index.
.,”.
The model number on the replacement belt must be listed on the safety belt
you want to replace. Pull the shoulder belt all the way out to see this label.
1-42
Features & Controls
Section
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional featureson your
vehicle, and information on starting, shifting and braking. Also explained
are the instrumentpanel and the warning systems that tell you if everything
is working properly - and what to do if you have a problem.
Keys
2-1
The square-shaped
key is for the ignitic3n
only.
The oval-shaped key
is for the doors andall
other locks.
2-2
\
When a new vehicle is delivered,the dealer removes the plugs from the
keys, and gives them to the first owner.
how
Each plug has a code on it that tells the dealer or a qualified locksmith
to make extra keys. Keep the
plugs in a safe place.If you lose your keys,
you’ll be able to have
new ones madeeasily using these plugs.
I NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number
of new features that can help prevent
theft. Butyou can have a lot
of trouble getting into your vehicle
if you ever lock your keys inside.
You may even haveto damage
your vehicleto get in.So be sure you have extra keys.
2-3
Your Doors and How They Work
Side Doors
To open the front side
door from the
outside, graspthe
handle and pull the
door open.
To open the front side
door from the inside,
pull the lever toward
you and push the door
open.
2-4
Sliding Side Door
To open the sliding side door, pull the handle toward the back and slide the
door to the rear until it latches in the open position.
To close the sliding sidedoor, pull the handle toward the front to release the
rear latch,and slide the door forward.
2-5
Rear Doors
If you have the Dutch doors, you must open the hatch first.
To open the rear doors
from the outside, open
the right rear door
first. Grasp the handle
and pull the door
open.
To open the left rear
door, pull on the latch
release handle in the
inside of the door.
To close therear doors, close theleft door first. Check to make sure both
doors arecompletely closed.
The rear doorshave a check assembly to keep the doors from opening
beyond 90".
2-6
To fully open the
doors, push in on the
clip and lift the check
assembly up off the
mounting bracket. Do
this on each door.
Replace the
assemblies the same
way.
..^
See the cautionunder “Swing-Out Windows” in this section.
Door Locks
A CAUTION:
Unlocked doorscan be dangerous.
2-7
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle:
From the outside: Use
your door key.
From the inside: To
lock front doors and
sliding side door, slide
the lock levers down.
To unlock the front
doors and the sliding
side door from the
inside: Slide the lock
levers up.
Rear doors cannot be manually locked from the inside.
To unlock the rear hatch and Dutch doors from the inside: Push the top of
the HATCH REL switch.
2-8
Rear Hatch and Dutch Doors Release
If you have this option,your vehicle must be in eitherPARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) to release the hatchand unlock the Dutch doors. If your
battery is dead, the hatchand doors will not open, even from the outside
with a key.
To release the hatch
and unlock the doors
from the insideof the
vehicle, press the
HATCH REL switch
on the instrument
panel. It is located on
the driver’s side of the
steering column. The
hatch will release with
or without the key in
the ignition.
Then, pull up on the hatch handle and open the doors.
To release the hatchusing the optionalKeyless Entry hand held transmitter,
see “Keyless Entry System” in the Index.
To release the hatch
and unlock the doors
from the outside of the
vehicle, put the key in
the lockand turn
clockwise. Then, pull
up on the hatchand
open the right rear
door first. Grasp the
handle and pull the
door open.
The hatch and doors will automatically lock when the hatch is shut.
If the hatch is partially closed, the rear doorswill lock and you will need to
use the key or HATCH REL switch to unlock them.
Also, see the Caution under “Swing Out Windows”, located in this section.
2-9
Power DoorLocks
If your vehicle has
power door locks,
push the power door
lock switch to lock or
unlock all the doors at
once.
The power door lock switch will not lock or unlock the rear hatch and Dutch
doors. You must use the HATCH REL switch. See “Rear Hatch and Dutch
Doors Release’’ in this section.
Every vehicle with power door locks has a pulse lock system. A pulse lock
system works like this:
If the sliding dooris open and you push the power door lock switch, the
sliding door will not lock immediately. After you close the door, the system
comes on and,in about five seconds,locks the sliding door.
All models have overriding doorlocks. When a door is locked, the door
handle will not work the latch. This will help stop a doorfrom being
accidentally opened. However, power door locks do not affect the operation
of the hatch.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your door and set the
locks from inside. Then get out and close the door.
Keyless Entry System
If your vehicle has this option, you can lock and unlock your doors or hatch
from up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
Your Keyless Entry System operates on a radio frequency subject toFederal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.
2- 10
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operationis subject to
the following two conditions:(1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This devicemust accept any interference received,
including interferencethat may cause undesired operation.
Should interference tothis system occur, try this:
0
Check to determineif battery replacement is necessary. See the
instructions onbattery replacement.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. This product
has a maximum range.
Check the location.Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the
signal.
See your GM dealer or a qualified technician Tor service.
Changes or modifications to thissystem by other thanan authorized service
facility couldvoid authorization to use this equipment.
Operation
When you press UNLOCK, the driver’s door will unlock automatically. If
you press UNLOCK again within five seconds,all doors will unlock. All
doors will lock when DOOR is pressed. PressingREAR will unlock the
hatch.
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from
unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen,a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealermatches
the replacement transmitter toyour vehicle, the remaining transmitters must
also bematched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter will
not unlock your vehicle.
You can match a transmitter to as many different vehicles as you own,
provided they are equipped with exactly thesame model system. (General
Motors offers several different models of these systemson their vehicles.)
Each vehicle canhave only two transmitters matched to it.
aee your dealer tomatch transmitters to anothervehicle.
2-11
Battery Replacement
Under norlnal use, the batteries in your key chain transmitter should last
about two years.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter won’t work at the
normal range in any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle before
the transmitter works,it’s probably time to change the batteries.
Your transmitter housing snaps apart for easein battery replacement. To
open the housing:
1. Insert a dime between two halves of the transmitter housing near the
key ring hole.
2. Remove the bottom by twisting the dime.
3. Remove and replace the batteries with two Duracell @-type batteries
(DL2016 or equivalent), positive side down.
4. Align and snap together the back and top transmitter housings.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Although your
vehicle has a number of theft deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can
help.
Key in fhe lgnition
If you walk away from your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an easy target
for joyriders or professional thieves - so don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door, you’ll hear a chime
reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and take it with you.
Always do this. Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transmission. And remember to lock the doors.
2-12
Parking at Night
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching your vehicle, it’s best
to lock it up and take your keys. But what if you have to leave your ignition
key? What if you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
0
Put your valuables in a storage area out of sight.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0
Then take the door key with you.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern vehicle doesn’t need
an elaborate“break-in.” But
it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these
guidelines:
Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 k m h ) o rless for the first500
miles (804 km).
0
0
Don’t drive at any one speed-fast orslow -for the first
500 miles (804 km). Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or
so. During this time your
new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean premature wear and
earlier replacement.Follow this “breaking-in” guideline
every timeyou get newbrake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during “break-in.” See “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index for more information.
2-13
Ignition Switch
Use your ignition key to start your vehicle. The ignition key lets you turn
the ignition switch to fivedifferent positions.
1. OFF
2
2. RUN
3. START
4. ACC
5
5. LOCK
ACC (Accessory) -ACC lets you use things like the radio and the
windshield wipers when the engine is off. To get intoACC, push in the key
and turn it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, justas it
was before you inserted the key.
NOTICE:
Don’t operate accessories in the ACC position for long periods
of time. Prolonged operationof accessories in the
ACC position
could drain your battery and prevent you from starting your
vehicle.
LOCK -This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and
transmission. It’s a theft deterrent feature. You will only be able to remove
your key when the ignition is turned to LOCK.
OFF - This position lets you turn off the engine but still turn the steering
wheel. Use OFF if you must have your vehicle in motion while the engine is
off (for example, if your vehicle is being pushed).
RUN - This is the position for driving.
START -This startsyour engine.
2- 14
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and
you can’t turn it, be sure
it is all the way in. If it is, then turn the steeringwheel left and
right while you turn the key hard. But turn thekey only with
key or the
your hand. Usinga tool to force it could break the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your vehicle needs
service.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift leverto PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Your engine won’t
start in any other position -that’s a safety feature. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK(P) if your vehicle is moving. If you
(P) only
do, you could damage the transmission. Shift to PARK
when your vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your ignition key to
START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will
go down as your engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time
will cause your batteryto be drained much sooner. And the
excessive heat can damage your starter motor.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in START. If it doesn’t start
in ten seconds, push the accelerator pedal about one-quarter of the way
down for five more seconds, or until it starts.
2-15
3. If your engine still won’t start, wait 15 seconds to let the starter motor
cool down and do it all again.
When the engine starts, let go of the key and the accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in your
vehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories, you could
change theway the fuel injection system operates. Before adding
electrical equipment, check with your dealer. you
If don’t, your
engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, seethe part of this
manual thattells how to do it without damaging your
vehicle.
See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Fuel Regulator
You have a fuelregulator that shuts the fuel off when the engine reaches
5,600 rpm.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or standing water,
water can come in through yourengine’s air intake and badly
damage your engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
of your vehicle. If you can’t avoid
lower than the underbody
deep puddles or standing water, drive through themslowly.
very
2-16
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
1. Engine Coolant
Heater Strap
2. Engine Coolant
Heater Cap
In very cold weather, 0"F (-1 8 C ) or colder, the engine coolant heatercan
help. You'll get easier startingand better fueleconomy during engine
warm-up. Usually, the coolant heatershould be plugged in a minimum of
four hoursprior to starting your vehicle.
O
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
NOTICE:
After you've used the coolant heater, be sure to store the cord
as
it was before to keep
it away from moving engine parts. If you
don't, it couldbe damaged.
2-17
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? Theanswer
depends on the weather, the kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your GM
dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give
you the best advice forthat particular area.
Automatic Transmission
There are several
different positions for
your shift lever.
0
PARK (P) -This locks your rear wheels. It’s the best position to use
when you start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily.
A CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not
fully in PARK (P) with the parking brakefirmly set.Your
vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe engine isrunning unless you
have to. If you have leftthe engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle
won’t move, even when you’re onfairly level ground, always set
your parkingbrakeand move the shiftlever to PARK (P).
See “ShiftingInto PARK (P)” in the Index. If you’re pulling a
trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2- 18
I
I
Ensure the shift leveris fully in PARK (P) range before startingthe engine.
Your vehicle has abrake-transmission shift interlock.You have to fully
apply your regular brakes beforeyou can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition key is in the RUN position. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P),
ease pressure on the shift lever- push the shift leverall the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.Then move the shift leverinto
the gear you wish. See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in this section.
REVERSE (R) - Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is movingforward
could damage your transmission. Shift to REVERSE (R)only
after your vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get outof snow, ice or sand
without damaging your transmission, see“If You’re Stuck: In Sand,
Mud, Ice or Snow’’ in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N) - In this position, your engine doesn’tconnect with
the wheels. To restart when you’re already moving, use NEUTRAL (N)
only. Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
A CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is
“racing” (running at high speed)is dangerous. Unless your foot
is firmly on the brakepedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could losecontrol and hitpeople or objects. Don’t
shift out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is
racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transmission caused by shifting out of PARK
(P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine racing isn’t covered by
your warranty.
2- 19
0
OVERDRIVE (0)
This position is for normal driving. If you need more power for
passing, and you’re:
-
Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push your accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
-
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the accelerator pedal
all the way down. You’ll shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
should not be used when towing a trailer, carrying a
OVERDRIVE (0)
heavy load, or drivingon steep hills. Select DRIVE (D) when operating
the vehicle under any of these conditions.
0
DRIVE (D)-This is like OVERDRIVE (@),but you never go into
You should use DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer,
OVERDRIVE (0).
carrying a heavy load or drivingon steep hills.
0
SECOND GEAR(2) -This position gives you more power but lower
fuel economy. You can use SECOND GEAR (2) on hills. It can help
control your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
If you manually select SECONDGEAR (2), the transmission will drive
in second gear. You may use this feature forreducing torque to the rear
wheels when you are trying to start your vehicle from a stop on
slippery road surfaces.
0
FIRST GEAR(1) -This position gives you even more power (but
lower fuel economy) than SECOND GEAR (2). You can use it on very
steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the selector lever is put in FIRST
GEAR (I), the transmission won’t shift into FIRST GEAR (1) until the
vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to drive. This might
happen if you were stuck in very deep sand or mud or were up
against a solid object.You could damage your transmissionor
transfer case or both.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your vehicle there
with only the accelerator pedal. This could overheat and damage
the transmission.Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P) to hold
your vehicle in position on a hill.
2-20
Parking Brake
To Set the Parking Brake
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your
right foot. Push down
the parking brake
pedal with your left
foot. If the ignition is
on, the brake system
warning light will
come on.
To Release the Parking Brake
Hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the
brake release lever.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause your rear brakes
to
overheat. You may have to replace them, and you could also
damage other partsof your vehicle.
If you are on a hill:See “Parking on Hills” in the Index.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill:
See “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index. That section shows what to do first to keep the trailer
from moving.
2-21
Locking Rear Axle
If you have this feature, your rear axle can give you additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standard axle most of the
time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does,the
locking featurewill allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
1 . Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking
brake.
2. Move the shift
lever into PARK
(P) position like
this:
Pull the lever
toward you.
Move the
lever up as
far asit will
go.
3. Move the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-22
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sureyour
vehicle is in PARK (P) and your parking brake is firmly setbefore you leave
PARK (P) position, hold the
it. After you’ve moved the shift lever into the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the shift leveraway
from PARK (P) without first pullingit toward you. If you can, it means that
the shift leverwasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on ahill and you don’t shiftyour transmission into PARK
(P) properly, theweight of the vehicle may put too much force onthe
parking pawl in the transmission.You may find it difficult topull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”To prevent torque lock,
set the parkingbrake and then shift intoPARK (P) properly before you
leave the driver’s seat.To find out how, see “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the
Index.
When you are ready to drive,move the shift lever outof PARK (P) before
you release theparking brake.
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need to have another vehiclepush
yours a littleuphill to take some of the pressure from the transmission,so
you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
2-23
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Your vehicle has a brake-transmission shift interlock.You have to fully
apply your regular brake before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in the RUN position. See “Automatic Transmission” in the Index,
If you cannot shift outof PARK (P), easepressure on the shift lever- push
the shift lever all theway into PARK (P) asyou maintain brake application.
Then move the shiftlever into the gearyou want.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift outof PARK (P),
try this:
1. Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicleand then shift to the drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehiclefixed as soon as you can.
Parking Over Things ThatBurn
2-24
Engine Exhaust
2-25
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here
are some things to know.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move. See “Shifting
Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
2-26
All- Wheel Drive (Option)
If your vehicle has all-wheel drive, your engine’s driving power is sent to
all four wheels for extra traction,
This is like
four-wheel drive, but
there is no separate
lever or switch to
engage or disengage
the front axle. It is
fully automatic, and
adjusts itself as
needed for road
conditions.
Windows
To open your manual
windows, tt.u-n the
hand crank on each
door to raise or lower
your side door
windows.
If you have optional
power windows, the
controls are on each of
the front side doors.
The driver’s door has
a switch for thefront
passenger window as
well. Your power
windows will not
move unless the
ignition has been
turned to RUN.
2-27
Swing-Out Windows
To open your
swing-out windows,
pull up on the latch
and push the window
out.
To close the window,
pull the latch toward
you and push it down.
2-28
Horn
To sound the horn,
press the pads on the
steering wheel with
the horn symbols.
Tilt Wheel (Option)
A tilt steering wheel
allows you to adjust
the steering wheel
before you drive.
You can also raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when
you exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Move the
steering wheel to a comfortable level, then release the lever to lock the
wheel in place.
2-29
Multifunction Lever
The lever on the driver’s side of the steering column includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlamp High-Low Beam
0
Windshield Wipers
0
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (Option)
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has
two upward (for
Right) and two
downward (for Left)
positions. These
positions allow you to
signal a turn or a lane
change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is
finished, the lever will return automatically.
2-30
A green arrow on the
instrument panel will
flash in the direction
of the turn or lane
change.
To signal a lane change, justraise or lower the leveruntil the green arrow
starts to flash.Hold it there until you complete your lane change. Thelever
will return by itself when you release it.
As you signal aturn or a lane change,if the arrows don’t flashbut just stay
on, a signal bulbmay be burned out and other driverswon’t see your turn
signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replaceit to help avoidan accident. If the green
arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses”
in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailertowing option with added wiring for the trailer lights, a
different turn signal flasheris used. With this flasher installed,the signal
indicator will flash even if a turn signal bulbis burned out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lightsregularly to make sure they are working.
Headlamp High-Low Beam
To change the
headlamps from low
beam to high or high
to low, pull the turn
signal leverall the
way toward you. Then
release it.
f
, .
2-31
I
When the high beams
are on, this blue
indicator light on the
instrument panel also
will be on.
Windshield Wipers
You control the
windshield wipers by
turning the band with
the wiper symbol on
it.
For a singlewiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold it there until the
wipers start, then let go. Thewipers will stop after onewipe. If you want
more wipes, hold the band on MIST longer.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay between wipes. This
can be very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to choose the delay
time. The closer toLO, the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away from you to the LO
position. For high speed wiping, turn the band further, to HI. To stop the
wipers, move the band to the off symbol.
Remember that worn or damaged wiper blades may prevent you from
seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid damage, be sure to clear ice
and snow from the wiper blades before using them. If they're frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become worn
or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
2-32
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. Thewindshield wiper motor is
protected from overload by a circuit breakerand a fuse. If the motor
overheats dueto heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
Although the circuitis protected from electrical overload, overload due to
heavy snow, etc. may cause wiper linkage damage. Always clear ice and
heavy snow from the windshield before using your windshield wipers.
Windshield Washer
I
lP
0-
At the top of the multifunction leverthere’s a paddlemarked with the
windshield washer symbol and PUSH. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle.
The wipers will clear the window and then either stop orreturn to your
preset speed.
Driving withoutwasher fluid can be dangerous.A bad mud splash can block
your vision. You could hit another vehicle orgo off the road. Checkyour
washer fluid level often.
I A CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield
is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluidcan form ice onthe
windshield, blocking your vision.
2-33
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid
tank and other parts
of the washer system.Also, water
doesn’t clean as well as washerfluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only3/4 full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion, which could damage the iftank
it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield
washer. It
can damage your washer system and paint.
Rear Window WiperMasher - Dutch Door
You control your rear
window wipedwasher
from a switch on your
instrument panel, on
the driver’s side of
your steering column.
Press the top of the switch to the first position to turn on the wiper.
Press the topof the switch in all the way and hold to release the desired
amount of washer fluid. The wipers will continue towork after you
release theswitch.
0
Press the bottom of the switch (OFF) to turn the wiper off.
The rearwindow washer system uses the same fluid tank as the windshield
washer system.
The rear window washer system will run out of fluid before the windshield
washer system, indicating you need to check your fluid level and fill the
fluid tank.
2-34
Cruise Control (Option)
I
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more without keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really help on
long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph (40
km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shuts off.
2-35
To Set Cruise Control
I
1. Move the cruise
control switch to
ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in the set button at the end of the lever and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
To Resume a Set Speed
c
2-36
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and then you apply
the brake. This, of course, shuts off the cruise control.But you don’t need to
reset it. Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 k d h ) or more, you can move
the cruise control switchfrom ON to R/A (Resume/Accelerate) for about
half a second.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay there.
Remember, if you hold the switch at R/A (Resume/Accelerate) longerthan
half a second,the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch
or apply the brake. You could be startled and even lose control. So unless
you want to go faster, don’t hold the switch at R/A (Resume/Accelerate).
To lncrease Speed While Using Cruise Control
While your cruise control switchis in the ON position, here are twoways to
go to a higher speed.
0
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. Push the button at
the end of the lever, then release thebutton and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
2-37
Move the cruise switch from ON to WA (Resume/Accelerate). Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and then release the
switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to R/A
(Resume/Accelerate). Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise Control
Push in the button at
the end of the lever
until you reach the
lower speed you want,
then release it.
4
To slow down in very small amounts, push the button for less than half a
second. Each time you do this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the acceleratorpedal to increase your speed. When you take your foot
off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you
set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends upon your speed,
load, and the steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills, you may
want to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed
down. Of course, applying the brake takes you out of cruise control.Many
drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on steep
hills.
2-38
To Get Outof Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
0
Step lightly on
the brakepedal.
Move the cruise
switch to OFF.
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise controlor the ignition, your cruise control set
speed memory is erased.
2-39
Lamps
Your lamp switches
are on the driver’s
side of your
instrument panel.
Push the top switch with the parking lamps symbol on it to turn on:
0
Parking Lamps
0
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lamps
Push the bottom switch with the master lamps symbol on it to turn on all the
lamps listed above as well as the headlamps.
Push the side of the switch marked OFF to turn off your lamps.
Turn the dial above the lamp switches counterclockwiseto dim your
instrument panel lamps.
Turn the dial clockwiseto brighten your instrument panel lamps. If you turn
the dial clockwise all the way until it clicks, your interior lamps will come
on.
You can switch your headlamps from high to low beam by pulling on the
turn signal/high beam lever.
A circuit breaker protects your headlamps. If you have an electrical
overload, your headlamps will flicker on and off. Have your headlamp
wiring checked right away if this happens.
2-40
Daytime Running Lamps(DRL) Indicator Light
If your vehicle was
first sold, when new,
in Canada, you will
have this light on the
instrument panel.
It goes on whenever the Daytime Running Lamps are on.
When it begins to get dark, the DRL indicator light is a reminder to turn on
your headlamps.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) make it easier to see the front of your
vehicle during the day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn
and before sunset.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps come on at a
reduced brightness when:
The ignition is on,
The headlamp switch is off, and
The parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on,only your high-beam headlamps will be on. The
taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
When it begins to get dark, your DRL indicator light is a reminder to turn
your headlamp switch on. The other lamps that come on with your
headlamps will also come on.
When you turn the headlamp switch off, the regular lamps will go off, and
your high-beam headlamps will change to the reduced brightness of DRL.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking brake. The DRL will
stay off until you release the parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular headlamp system when
you need it.
2-4 1
Headlamps-On Reminder
A reminder tone will sound when your headlamps or parking lamps are
turned on and your ignition is in OFF, LOCK or ACC. To turn the tone off,
press the OFF switch,
Dome Lamps
The dome lamps may
come on when you
open any of the doors.
You can also turn on
the dome lamps by
turning the dimmer
dial clockwise until it
clicks.
Reading Lamps
You may have the
optional reading
lamps next to the
dome lamps. Turn the
lamps on and off by
pressing the switch
next to the lamp.
YOUcan adjust the lamps to any desired position by rotating the lamp. They
will work when the ignition is on or off. Be sure to turn the lamps off before
you leave the vehicle.
2-42
If the switch isOFF, the interior lamps will not come on when any of the
vehicle doors are open. The
switch is located on the instrument panel above
the radio.
If you have the optional reading lamps, they will still operate if the switch is
in the OFF position.
If you have the optionalKeyless Illumination feature, the interior lamps will
come on briefly when doors are lockedand unlocked or the door handles are
lifted.
Mirrors
Inside Mirror
Your inside rearview
mirror has two pivots
so you can adjust it up
and down or side to
side.
2-43
You can also adjust
the mirror for day or
night driving. Press
the tab forward (away
from you) for day
driving. Pull the tab
back (towards you)
for night driving.
I
Outside Mirrors
Adjust your outside
mirrors so you can
just see the side of
your vehicle.
Some mirrors are
manually adjustable.
mirrors come with a
remote control
adjustment switch.
Find the switch on the
instrument panel
above the radio.
2-44
To move a mirror, slide the switch to L for the driver’s side mirror or to R
for the passenger’s sidemirror. Then, press the four-way pad to move the
mirror in the desired direction.To make sure you do not accidentally move a
mirror, slide the switch to the
middle (OFF) position.
If you have the manually adjustable mirror, it can also be folded in or out.
Push the mirror towards the vehicleto move it in. After pushing the mirror
out, adjustmentwill be maintained.
Convex OutsideMirror
Your passenger’s sidemirror is convex.
A convex mirror’s surface iscurved so you can see more from the driver’s
seat.
Sun VisorsNanity Mirrors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You can also swing them
from side toside.
Some visors have
mirrors built in, with
or without lights. Just
lift themirror cover
on each visor toturn
the lightson if you
have them.
Lighted mirrors also
have a densityswitch
to make the mirror
lights brighter or
dimmer.
2-45
Cigarette LighterIAshtrays
The cigarette lighter is on the left of the engine cover console. To use the
lighter, press it in all the way and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back by
itself.
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it is heating. If you
do, it won’t be able to back away from theheating element when it’s ready.
That can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and the heating element.
To remove the smaller
ashtrays on each
sidewall, press down
on the tabs inside and
pull out.
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into your ashtrays. If you do,
cigarettes or other smoking materials could set them on fire, causing
damage.
2-46
Assist Handles
Assist handlesmay be located on the inside passenger vehiclepillars.
Grasp them as
necessary to help
you enter and exit
your vehicle.
If you have the
optional rear hatch
and Dutch doors, you
will also havean
assist handle on the
inside hatch.
Storage Compartments
Your front storage
compartment is at the
center of the engine
cover. To open the
compartment, press
the two tabs together
and pull.
If you have an
optional sliding tray
storage compartmen
it isunder the front
passenger seat. To
open the
compartment, move
the latchin the top
handle and pull the
tray forward.
2-47
If you have a beverage
cooler, lift up on the
armrest to open. The
cooler has a drain
system that drains off
as much fluid as
necessary. There is
also has an ashtray
and a cupholder for
your convenience.
If you have a rear
storage compartment,
pull up on the handle
to open or remove the
cover. To replace the
cover, fit the notches
on the cover into the
storage compartment
I slots and push down.
Center Overhead Console
The optional roof
console has two
storage compartments.
To open the
compartments, push
up and slide the door
forward. To close the
compartments, slide
the door back. Use the
straps to secure items.
2-48
Instrument Cluster
Your instrument cluster isdesigned to let you know at a glance how your
vehicle is running. You’ll know how fast you’re going, abouthow much
fuel remains,and many other thingsyou’ll need to know to drive safelyand
economically.
The optional digital cluster
on your vehicle’s instrument panel is displayed
electronically and will tell you everything the standard cluster does.
The digital clusterwill give readings in either English or Metric.To switch
from Englishto Metric, justpress the E M button.
Instrument Panel
A
B
C
D
E
Z F G H
M
I
f
L
A. Light Switches
N. Cigarette Lighter
B. Dimmer Switch
0. Hood Release Handle
P. Hazard Warning Flasher
Q. Ignition Switch
R. Horn
C. Instrument Cluster
D. Gearshift Lever
E. Air ConditionerEIeater
E Remote OutsideMirror Switch
G. Rear Heater Switch
H. Rear A/C Switch
I. Interior Lamp Override Switch
J. Audio System
K. Convenience Tray
L. Glove Box
M. Ashtray
S. Brake Release Handle
T. Multifunction Lever
U. Cruise Control
V. Tilt Wheel Lever
W. Rear Wipermasher Switch
X. Hatch Release Switch
Y. Rear Window Defogger Switch
Z. Vent
2-49
Z
Speedometer and Odometer
Cluster
Digital
Cluster
Standard
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and
kilometers perhour ( k d h ) . Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the U.S.) or kilometers (used in
Canada).
Tamper Resistant Odometer
Cluster
Standard
Digital Cluster
I
I
Your odometer is tamper resistant. The odometer will show silver lines
between the numbers if someone tries to turn it back.
The digital odometer will read 999,999 if someone tries to turn it back.
2-50
I
Y O U may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a new odometer
installed. If the new one can be set to the mileage total of the old odometer,
then it must be. But if it can't, then it's set at zero, and a label must be put
on the driver's door to show the old mileage reading when the new
odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
Digital Cluster
Standard Cluster
4
The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has been driven since
you last set the trip odometer to zero.
To reset the trip odometer on the standard cluster, press the button near the
readout.
The trip odometer on the digital will appear in place of your regular
odometer when you press the TRIP button.
To reset the trip odometer on the digital cluster, press the RESET button. To
change back to the regular odometer, press the TRIP button again.
Warning Lights, Gagesand Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may be on your
vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it
becomes serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement.
Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a problem with one of your
vehicle's functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages,
some warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine just tolet
2-5 3
you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this section, you should
not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem with one of your
vehicle’s functions. Often gages and warning lights work together to let you
know when there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are
driving, orwhen one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the
section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly - and even dangerous. So please get to
know your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Beit Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a light will come on for about
eight seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts. Unless the
driver’s safety belt is already buckled, a tone will also sound.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows
AIR BAG. The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag sensors and module, the wiring and the
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
3-53
You will see this light flash for few
a seconds when you turn your ignition
to RUN or START. Then the light should go out. Thismeans the system is
ready.
If the air bag readiness lightdoesn’t come on when you start your vehicle,
or stays on, or comes
on when you are driving, your air bag system may not
work properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.
Brake System Warning Light
Standard Cluster
Digital Cluster
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part
isn’t working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking,
though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake problem. Have your
brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on briefly as you start the vehicle. If it doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving,pull off the road and stop
carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may
go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have
the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle’’in the Index.)
b
A CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake
system warning light is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident. If the light is still on
after you’ve pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have the
vehicle towedfor service.
The brake system warning light will also come on when you set your
parking brake, and it will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it means you have a
brake problem.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
Cluster
Digital
Cluster
Standard
With the anti-lock brake system, this light will come on when you start your
engine and may stay on for several seconds. That’s normal. If the light
doesn’t come on, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a
problem.
2-54
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have
brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(SERVICE ENGINESOON)
The amber
Malfunction Indicator
(SERVICE ENGINE
SOON) Lamp is
located on the
passenger side of your
standard cluster. If
you have thedigital
cluster, it is on the
driver’s side.
A computer monitors operation of your fuel, ignition and emission control
systems. This light should come on when the ignition is on, but the engine is
not running, as a check to show you it isworking. If it does not come on at
all, have it fixed right away. If it stays on, or itcomes on while you are
driving, the computer is indicating that you have a problem. You should
take your vehicle in for service soon.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after a while
the emission controls won’t work as well, your fuel economy
won’t be as good and your engine may not run as smoothly. This
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
Indicator Lights
Indicator lights go onwhen you use your turn signals, change fromlow
beam headlamps to high beams, or when you use your hazard flashers. The
next few pages will also tell you about the indicator lights on your vehicle
and help you locate them.
2-55
Charging System Light
Standard Cluster
Digital Cluster
m
1
I
The red charging system light is on the bottom driver's-side corner of your
standard cluster. It is part of the digital clustervoltmeter.
The charging system light will come on briefly when you turn the ignition
on, but the engine is not running, as acheck to show you the lightis
working. Then it should go out once the engineis running. If it stays on, or
comes on while you are driving,you may have a problem with the electrical
charging system.It could indicatethat you have a loose accessory drive belt,
or anotherelectrical problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while
this light ison could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be certain to turn off all
your accessories, such as the radio and heatedair conditioner.
Daytime Running Lamps(DRL) Indicator Light
If your vehicle was
first sold,when new,
in Canada, you will
have this green light
on the instrument
panel. It will light
whenever the Daytime
Running Lamps are
on. It is also a
reminder to turn on
your headlamps when
driving atnight.
2-56
For more details about DRL, see“Headlamps and Vehicle Lighting” in this
section.
The DRL indicator light ison whenever the ignition and the headlight
switch and parking brake are off. For more details aboutDRL, see “Lights”
in this part.
Headlamp High Beam IndicatorLight
This blue lightis on
the driver’s sideof the
standard cluster. If
you have the digital
cluster, it is on the top
of the cluster.
The high beam
indicator lightis on
whenever you use
your high beam
headlamps.
For more details, see “Headlamp High-Low Beam Changer” in this part.
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal
indicator is a light
with two green
arrows. It comes on
whenever you signal a
turn or lane change.
Turn signal arrows are at the top of the standard and digital clusters.For
more details, see “Turn and Lane Change Signal” in this part.
2-57
Englne Coolant Temperature Gage
Digital Cluster
Cluster
Standard
If you have the standard cluster, you have a gage that shows the engine
coolant temperature. If the gage pointer moves to the “H” (red) side, your
engine is too hot!
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you have been
operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pull off
the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
If you have a digital cluster, a box around the temperature symbol will also
flash when your engine is too hot.
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual explains what to do. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
2-5 8
Oil Pressure Gage
Digital Cluster
Standard Cluster
The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in psi (pounds per
square inch) when the engine is running. Canadian vehicles indicate
pressure in kPa (kilopascals).Oil pressure may vary with engine speed,
outside temperatureand oil viscosity, but readings abovethe low pressure
zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a dangerouslylow oil
level or other problems causing low oil pressure.
On the digital cluster, a box around the oil pressure symbol will begin to
flash when the oil pressure is low.
A CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your
engine can become so hot that it catches fire.You or others could
be burned. Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems can be
costly and is not covered by your warranty.
2-59
I
The fuel gagetells you how much fuel you have remaining when the
ignition is on. When the gage first indicates empty you still have a little fuel
left, but you should get more fuel as soon as possible.
A box around the fuel gage symbol on the digital cluster will begin to flash
when your tank is 1/8 full or less.
Here arethings some owners ask about. None of these indicate a problem
with your fuel gage:
0
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads full.
The fuel tank will take either a little more or a little less fuel to fill up
than the gage shows.
The gage moves a little when you turn a comer or speed up.
The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you tum off the ignition.
For your fuel tank capacity, see the Index under “Fluid Capacities.”
2-60
Voltmeter
Digital Cluster
Standard Cluster
VOLTS
When your engine is not running, but the ignition is on (in the RUN
position), the gageshows your battery's state of charge in DC volts. When
the ignition is running, thegage shows the condition of the charging system.
Readings between the low and high warning zones indicate the normal
operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a large number of
electrical accessories are operatingin the vehicle and the engine is left at an
idle for an extended period. This conditionis normal since the charging
system is not able to provide full power at engine idle. As engine speeds are
increased, this conditionshould correct itself as higher engine speeds allow
the chargingsystem to createmaximum power.
On the digital cluster, a box around the voltmeter symbol will begin the
flash when the charging system needs service.
You can only drive for ashort time with the readings in either warning zone.
If you must drive, turn off all unnecessary accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possibleproblem in the electrical
system. Have the vehicle serviced
as soon as possible.
2- 61
Luggage Carrier (Option)
I
If you have the
luggage carrier, you
can load things on top
of your vehicle. The
luggage carrier has
slats attached to the
roof, side rails, and
tiedowns.
NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs morethan 200 pounds (91 kg) on the
luggage carrier may damage your vehicle. When youcarry large
things, never let them
hang over the rear orthe sides of your
vehicle. Load yourcargo so that itrests on the slats and does not
scratch or damage the vehicle. Put the cargo against the side
rails and fasten it securely to the luggage carrier. Put the main
weight as far forward as you can.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when loading your vehicle. For
more information on vehicle capacity and loading, see “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving, check now and then to
make sure the luggage carrier and cargo arestill securely fastened.
2-62
Trailer Wiring Harness
If you have the optional trailering package,your vehicle will have an 8-wire
harness, consistingof a 7-wire harness and one CHMSL battery feed wire.
The harness is stored on the passenger sideof the van near the rear wheel
well. This harnesshas a 30 amp battery feed wire and no connector, and
should be wired by a qualified service person.Attach the harness to the
trailer, then tape or strap it to your vehicle’s frame rail. Be sure you leave it
loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break, butnot so loose that it
drags on the ground.
The harnessmust be routed out of your vehicle between the rear doorand
the floor, with enough of the harness lefton both sides so that the trailer or
the body won’t pull it.
Store the harness in its original place. Wrap the harness together and tie it
neatly so it won’t be damaged.
2-63
Notes
2-64
Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
Section
In this section you’ll find out how to operatethe comfort control systems
and audio systemsoffered with your vehicle. Be sure to read about the
particular system supplied with your vehicle.
Comfort Controls
Heater Controls
If your vehicle does
not have air
conditioning, your
heater controlswill
look like this.
Fan Lever - The top lever has four positions. To increase the air flow,
move the levertoward HIGH. To decrease the air flow, move it toward OFF.
Temperature Lever - This lever is below the fan lever and selects the
temperature of the air flowing intoyour vehicle. Move the lever up for
warmer air. Move the leverdown for coolerair.
Function Lever -This lever is below the fan lever and can be moved to
five different functions.
3-1
DEFROST-The setting with the defrost symbol operates the defroster. Most
of the air comes out near the windshield, with some going to the floor vents and
front side windows. Use this when you get fog or ice on the windshield.
HTR (Heater) - Most of the air comes out near the floor. The rest comes
out from the defroster vents under the windshield and at the front side
windows. This isbest for cold weather.
VENT -The aircomes out at the vents on your instrument panel.
BLEND (Position 1) - With this setting, the heated outside air comes out
both the heater vents and defroster vents. The lever can be positioned
anywhere between to adjust the proportion of air coming through each vent.
Adjust the temperature lever for warmer or coolerair.
BLEND (Position 2) - With this setting, the heated outside air comes out
both the instrument panel vents and heater vents. The lever can be
positioned anywhere between to adjust the proportion of air coming through
each vent. Adjust the temperature lever forwarmer or coolerair.
Heater/Air Conditioning Controls
If your vehicle has air
conditioning, your
heatinghir
conditioning controls
will look like this.
Before using your vehicle’s air conditioning, open the windows to clear the
vehicle of hot air. Close the windows when using the system.
Fan Lever- The top lever has five positions. To increase the air flow, move the
lever toward HIGH. To decrease the air flow, move the lever toward OFF.
Temperature Lever - This lever is below the fan lever and selects the
temperature of the air flowing into your vehicle. Move the lever up for
warmer air. Move the lever down for cooler air.
Function Lever - This lever is below the fan lever and can be moved to
seven different functions.
DEFROST - The setting with the defrost symbol operates the defroster.
Most of the air comes out near the windshield, with some going to the floor
vents and side window defrost vents. Use this when you get fog or ice on
the windshield. The A/C compressor may operate in this setting to
dehumidify the air.
3-2
BLEND - With this setting, the heated outside air comes out both the
heater vents and defroster vents, with some air coming through the side
window vents. Adjust the temperature lever for warmer or cooler air. This
setting is useful for cold weather with a large number of passengers or very
humid conditions to help keep the windshield clear. The A/C compressor
may operate in this setting to dehumidify the air.
HTR (Heater) - Most of the air comes out near the floor. The rest comes
out from the defroster vents under the windshield and at the front side
windows. This is best forcold weather.
VENT - The air comes out at the vents on your instrument panel. The air
conditioner will not run. Adjust the temperaturelever for warmer or coolerair.
BI-LEV A/C - With this, outside aircomes out through the heater floor
vent and the instrument panel vents. If you move your temperature control
lever between cold and hot, cooler air will come out of the upper vents
while warmer air comes out of the floor vent. This setting is useful in cool
weather with bright sunlight.
NORM A/C - This setting coolsthe outside air. If you first used MAX
A/C, use NORM A/C as soon as the vehicle has cooled down, so outside air
will be going through your vehicle.
MAX A/C -This cools the air the fastest. Move the other lever all the way to
Cold. MAXA/C lets in only a little air from the outside. You can use MAX A/C
at first when it's really hot outside and you need to cool off quickly.
When the air conditioning, defrost orBLEND is on, you may notice a slight
increase or decreasein engine speed, dueto compressor operation.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
If you use the optional engine coolantheater before starting your engine,
your heating system will produce warmer air faster toheat the passenger
compartment in cold weather. See "Engine Coolant Heater" in the Index.
Rear Heater (Option)
You may have the
optional rear heater.
The three speed fan
switch is above the
radio. Slide the lever
toward HI for warmer
air in the rear area.
Move the switch to
OFF to turn the
system off.
3-3
Rear Air Conditioning (Option)
You may have rear air
conditioning. The rear
air conditioning
switch is located
above the radio at the
top of the instrument
panel. Slide the lever
toward HI for cooler
air in the rear area.
Slide the lever to OFF
to turn the system off.
If your vehicle has rear air conditioning, setting it on LO may enhance front
A/Cperformance by allowing trapped refrigerant in rear lines to circulate.
The system will only send cooled air if the front system is on. It can still be
used to circulate air, even if the frontsystem is off.
Before using the rear airconditioning, open the windows to clear the vehicle
of hot air. Close the windows when using the system.
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
If your vehicle has this option, the rearwindow will have lines running
across the glass.These lines heat your window.
For best results, clear the window of as much snow or iceas possible before
using the rear window defogger.
To turn on the rear
window defogger, find
the switch marked
REAR DEFOG on
your instrument panel
to the left of the
steering column. Press
the top of this switch
until the lightin the
switch comes on, then
release it.
The rearwindow defogger will only work when the ignition switch is in the
RUN position.
3-4
You can turn the defogger off at any time by pressing thebottom of the switch.
not
The defogger will shut itself off after severalminutes so that the glass does
get too hot. If the window still isn’t clear, turn the defogger on again.
NOTICE:
Scraping the inside of your rear window could cut and damage
the defogger.Your warranty would not cover this damage.
And
don’t put decals there, you might haveto scrape themoff.
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s ventilation system supplies outside air tothe inside of your
vehicle when it is moving. With the side windows closed, air will flow into
the front air inlet grilles at the base of the windshield, through the vehicle
and out the rear air exhaustvalves. Outside airwill also enterthe vehicle
when the heater or the air conditioning fan isrunning.
Venfilation Tips
0
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow, or any other
obstruction (such asleaves). The heater and defroster will work far
better, reducing the chance of fogging theinside of your windows.
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the blower fan
to HIGH for a
off. This helps clear the intake ducts
of snow and
few moments before driving
moisture, and reduces the change
of fogging theinside of your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clearof objects. This helpsair to
circulate throughoutyour vehicle.
3-5
You will find air vents
in the center and on
the sides of your
instrument panel.
You can move the vents to direct the flow of air, or closethe vents
altogether. When you close a vent, it will increase the flow of air coming out
of any vents that are open.
If your vehicle doesn’t have air conditioning, there is an air vent in the
passenger-side kick panel below the instrument panel. The vent has a
handle toopen and close it.
Audio Systems
Your Delco@ audiosystem has been designed to operate easily and give
years of listening pleasure. But you will get the most enjoyment out of it if
you acquaint yourself with it first.Find out what your Delco@systemcan do
and how to operateall its controls, to be sure you’re
getting the most out of
the advanced engineering that went into it.
Setting theClock ( E T P AM Radio)
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold MINS until the correct minute
appears on thedisplay.
3. Press and hold HRS until the correct hour appears onthe display.
To display the clockwith the ignition off, push the upper knob. The time
will be displayed fora few seconds.
Setting the Clock (Audio Systems with AWFM Stereo)
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button. The radio may be on or off.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold either SEEK button until the correct
minute appears on the display.
3. Press and hold SCAN until the correcthour appears on the display.
3-6
How to Operate Your E T P AM Radio
This part tells you how your ETR@AMradio works.
Upper Knob (VOL-RECALL) - The upper knob has these four functions:
0 Turn it to switch the system on and off.
0 Turn it to control the volume.
0 Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
0 Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is on.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
left/right speakerb.cl1ance.
Lower Knob (TUNE) - Turn the lower knob to tune in radio stations.
Pushbuttons - The four pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.To
set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen favorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return.
Repeat these steps foreach pushbutton.
In addition to the four stations set a s above, up to three additional stations
may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining buttons at the same
time. Then do the following:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds. press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time.
(The station will return when the same two buttons are pressed again.)
3-7
TREBLE - Slide the TREBLE lever up to increase the treble response. If a
station is weak or noisy, slide the TREBLE lever down to reduce the noise.
BASS - Slide the BASS lever up to increase the bass response. Adjust the
BASS lever to give a pleasing sound to your ear.
How to Operate Your ET*
System
AM-FM Stereo Audio
This part tells you how your ETR@AM-FM stereo audiosystem works.
Upper Knob (VOL-RECALL) - The upper knob has these four functions:
Turn it to switch the system on and off.
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is on.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
lefdright speakerbalance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM) - The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
FADE - The control ring behind the lower knob adjusts the fronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver to SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
3-8
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN” appears in the display.
Pushbuttons - The four pushbuttons letyou return to favorite stations.To
(7 AM and 7 FM):
set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen favorite stations
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return.
Repeat these steps foreach pushbutton.
In addition to the fourstations set as above, up to three additional stations
may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining buttons at the same
time. Then do the following:
1 . Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttonsat the same time.
(The station will return when the same two buttons are pressed again.)
TREBLE - Slide the TREBLE lever up to increasethe treble response. If a
station is weak or noisy, slide the TREBLE lever down to reduce the noise.
BASS - Slide the BASS lever up to increase the bass response. Adjust the
BASS lever to give a pleasing sound to your ear.
How to Operate Your ETW A M-FM Stereo Audio
Cassette System
This part tells you how your ETR@AM-FM stereo audio cassette system
works.
3-9
Upper Knob (VOL-PROG-RCL) -The upper knob has these five functions:
Turn it to switch the system on and off.
Turn it to control the volume,
Press it todisplay the time when the ignition is off.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is on.
Press it to change sides of a tape when a cassette is playing.
BAL (Balance)- The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
leftkight speakerbalance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM) - The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it tochange between the AM and FM bands.
FADE - The control ring behind the lower knob adjusts the fronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver to SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN” appears in the display.
Pushbuttons -The four pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations. To
set the pushbuttons forup to fourteen favorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return.
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to three additional stations
may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the
same time. Then do the following:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time.
(The station will return when the same two buttons are pressed again.)
Repeat these steps foreach pair of buttons.
TREBLE -Slide the TREBLE lever up to increase the treble response. If the
station is weak or noisy, slide the TREBLE lever down to reduce the noise.
BASS - Slide the BASS lever up to increase the bass response. Adjust the
BASS lever to givea pleasing sound to your ear.
3-10
To PIay A Cassette
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes
long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well
in this player.
Once the tape is playing, use the upper and lower knobs for volume, balance
and fade just asyou do for the radio. A lighted arrow shows which direction
the tape is being played.
FORWARD - To rapidly advance the tape, press 4 or b in the direction
that the amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly go forward until you
press the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
REVERSE - To rapidly reverse the tape, press 4 or b in the opposite
direction that the amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly reverse until
you press the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
PROGRAM -To go from one side of the tape to the other, press the
VOL-PROG-RCL knob.
STOP-EJECT - To remove the tape or stopthe tape and switch to radio,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
If a tape is inserted with side “1” (or “A”) up, then the right arrow means
that that side is being played. Likewise, a left arrow would indicate that side
“2” (or “B”) had been selected. Theplayer will automatically switch to the
other sideof the tape when the first side ends.
If “Cln” (Clean) appearson the display when you insert your cassette tape,
your cassette player needs to be cleaned. It will still play cassette tapes but it
should be cleaned to prevent damage to your cassette tapes and the cassette
tape player. See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” laterin this section.
After you have cleaned the cassette tape player, press and hold
STOP-EJECT for 5 seconds to reset the the “Cln” indicator. The radio will
display “- - -” to show the clean featurehas been reset.
3-1 1
How to Operate Your E T P AM-FM Stereo Audio
Cassette System with Equalizer
This part tells you how your ETR@AM-FM stereo audio cassettesystem
with equalizer works:
Upper Knob (VOL-PROG-RCL)
functions:
0
-
The upper knob has these five
Turn it to switch the system on and off.
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is on.
0
Press it to change sides of a tape when a cassette is playing.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
leftkight speaker balance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM)
0
-
The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
FADE - The control ring behind the lower knob adjusts the fronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver to SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning.“SCAN” appears in the display.
3-1 2
Pushbuttons -The four pushbuttonslet you return to favorite stations. To
set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen favorite stations(7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” appears in the display for about5 seconds.
3. Within the 5 seconds, push one of the four pushbuttons.Whenever you
press that button, the preset station will return.
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to three additional stations
may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttonsat the
same time.Then do the following:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttonsat the same time.
(The station will return when the same twobuttons are pressed again.)
To Adjust the Tone -Use the levers in the upper middle left corner to set the
bass, midrange,and treble until you get the sound you want. The 60 and 250
levers adjust the bass,1K is midrange, and 3.5K and 1OK control the treble.
We suggest you start with the center lever (1K) in the midpoint position,
then move the others upuntil you get the amount of bass and treble you like.
Am-St Button - Push the Am-St button when you tune to an AM station
that broadcasts in stereo. Your STEREO lightwill come on when you’re
receiving AM stereo. If you push Am-St and there is no more noise, it
means the station isweak. You’ll hear the station better if you don’t use
Am-St. Just push the Am-St button again to delete stereo.
To Play A Cassette
Your tape playeris built to work best with tapes that
are 30 to 45 minutes longon
each side. Tapes longer than that
are so thin they maynot work well in this player.
Once the tape is playing, usethe upper and lower knobs for volume, balance
and fade justas you do for the radio. A lighted arrow shows which direction
the tape is being played.
CrO2 - The CrO2 button lets you set the system for the type of cassette
being used. If you are using chrome or metal tapes, push the Cr02 button in.
FWD - To rapidly advance the tape, press 4 or in the direction that the
amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly go forward until you press the
STOP-EJECT button lightly.
REV - To rapidly reverse the tape, press 4 or b in the opposite direction
that the amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly reverse until you press
the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
APS - Press the APS button to the recessed position.
Press 4 or b in the direction that the amber arrow points to go to the
beginning of the next selection.
3-13
Press 4 or in the opposite direction that the amber arrow points and the
tape will reverse to the beginning of the current selection.
PROGRAM -To go from one side of the tape to the other, press the
VOL-PROG-RCL knob.
STOP- EJECT -To remove the tape or stopthe tape and switch to radio,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
If “Cln” (Clean) appears on the display when you insert your cassett.etape,
your cassette player needs to be cleaned. It will still play cassette tapes but it
should be cleaned to prevent damage to your cassette tapes and the cassette
tape player. See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” later in this section.
After you have cleaned the cassette tape player, press and hold EJECT for 5
seconds to reset the the “Cln” indicator. The radio will display “- - -” to
show the clean feature has been reset.
How to Operate Your ET@ AM-FM Stereo Audio
Compact Disc (CD) System
This part tells you how your ETR@AM-FM stereo system works:
Upper Knob VOL) - Turn the upper knob to control the volume. Volume
will be displayedbriefly unless Left/Right speaker control, Rear/Front
speaker control, BASS or TREB are adjusted.
Left/Right Speaker Control - The control ring behind the upper knob
allows you to balance the sound between the left and right speakers.
Balance will be displayed briefly when using this control.
Lower Knob (TUNE-BAND)
-
The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
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Rear/Front SpeakerControl - The control ring behind the lower knob
fades the sound between your rear and front speakers. Fade levels will be
briefly displayed.
SEEK - Press the SEEK
higher station.
button to cause the receiver to seek the next
Press the 4 SEEK button to cause the receiver to seek the next lower
station.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for afew seconds.
Push it again when you reach the stationyou want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning.“SC” appears in the display.
Pushbuttons - The fivepushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.
They are also used when you play a disc. (See “To Play A Compact Disc”.)
To set the pushbuttons for up to ten favorite stations(5 AM and 5 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button.“SET” is displayed briefly.
3. Within 5 seconds, push one of the five pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station will return. Repeat
the steps foreach of the 5 AM and 5 FM stations.
MUTE - Press the MUTE button and all sound from the radio or CD
player stops. By pressing the button again sound will begin again.
RCL - Press the RCL button to change between the clock and the radio
station frequency displayedwhen the radio is on. RCL may be pressed when
the ignition is off to see thetime.
v
A
BASS - Press the BASS to increase the bass tones and BASS to
decrease bass tones. Press the center of the control for apreset bass position.
The bass level will be displayed briefly when using this control.
v
A
TREBLE - Press the TREB to increase the treble tones and TREB to
decrease the trebletones. Press the centerof the control for apreset treble
position. The treblelevel will be displayed briefly when using this control.
To Play A Compact Disc(CD)
I NOTICE:
DO NOT use mini-discs that are called singles. They won’t eject.
USE FULL-SIZE COMPACT DISCS.
I
Press the PWR button to turn the player on. Insertinga disc partway with
the power off and ignition on will also turn the player on. Insert a disc into
the slot, label side up. The player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the
disc should play.
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If the disc player is very hot, or if you’re driving on a very rough road, a
disc may come outor justnot play. If you see the word HOT on the display,
the disc player is too hot to play the disc. Press RCL to make the word HOT
go off the display.
When things get back to normal, the disc should play again. If the disc
comes back out, check whether:
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched, or wet.
Too much moisture is in the air. (If there is, wait about one hour and try
again.)
RCL - Press RCL to see what track is playing. Press it again within 5
seconds to see how long it has been playing. The track number also appears
when you change the volume or when a new track starts toplay.
COMP - Press the COMP button to make soft and loud passages more
nearly equal in volume. “COMP” will appear in the display while using this
control.
RDM - The RDM button means random and when it is pressed, it causes
the CD mechanism to play the tracks in a random order rather than in the
sequential 1, 2’3 order. “RDM” will appear in the display while using this
control. To return to normal sequence, press RDM again.
REV - Press and hold the REV button to quickly return to a favorite
passage. Release it todisplay the passage. The counterreading will be
displayed whileusing this control.
FWD - Press and hold the FWD button to advance quickly within a track.
Release it toresume playing. Watch the display to stop at aspecific passage.
SCAN - Press SCAN to sample each track for approximately 10 seconds.
Scanning will continue until the RDM, SCAN or any other motion button is
pressed again.
PREV - Hold the PREV (4SEEK) button, or press it more than once, and
the disc will return to previous tracks.
NEXT - Press NEXT (SEEK) ,
to hear the next track now instead of
waiting until the present track is finished. If you hold this button or press it
more than once, the disc will advance further.
ST-PL - Press ST-PL (Stop-Play) to make the disc stop and the radio
play. Press ST-PL again to restart the disc at the point where it stopped.
Press PWR or turn the ignition key off to stop the disc player. The disc stays
in the player and will resume playing at the point where it stopped.
Press EJCT to ejectthe disc and make the radio play. The disc will start at
track 1 when you reinsert it.
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Delco LOC /I Theft Deterent Feature
Delco LOC II@is an anti-theft feature forthe compact discplayer. It can be
used or ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally. If it is used, your
player won’t be usable if it is ever stolen,because it will go to LOC mode
any time the battery power is removed. After a loss of battery power, the
player cannot be turned on unless an unlock code is entered.
The instructionsbelow tell you how to enter a secret code into the system. If
your vehicle loses battery power for any reason, you must unlock the system
with the secret codebefore the radio will turn on.
To Lock The System:
1. Write down any 6 digit number and keep it in a safe place.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACC (Accessory) or RUN position.
3. Press the PWR knob to turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down until
on the display.
“- - -”
shows
You are now ready to enter your secret code.Don’t wait more than 15
seconds between steps.
5. Press SET and “000” will appear on the display.
6. Press the SEEK
or 4 button to make the first number appear.
7. Press SCAN to make the next two numbers agree with your code.
8. Press BAND and “000” will appear again. Now you are ready to enter
the last three digits of your code.
9. Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the last three digits of your code.
10. Press BAND and “REP” will appear for 5 seconds and then “000” will
appear.
11. Repeat steps 6 through 10. This time “SEC” will appear - indicating
that the radio is secure.
To Unlock The System After A PowerLoss
When battery power is reapplied to a secured radio, the radio won’t turn on
and “LOC” will appear on the display.
Enter your secret codeas follows. Pauseno more than 15 seconds between
steps.
1. Turn the ignition on. (Radio off.)
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “000”.
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3. Enter the six digits of the code following steps 6-9 above. The display
will show the numbers as entered.
4. Press the BAND knob and the time appears - indicating that the
disabling sequence was successful. If the display indicates “SEC”, the
numbers did not match and the unit is still secured.
Disabling The Theft System
1. Press presets 1 and 4 for 5 seconds with ignition on and radio off. The
display will show “SEC”, indicating the unit is in the secure mode.
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “000”.
3. Enter the first three digits of the code following steps 6 and 7 of the
preceding paragraphs (“To Lock the System”). Thedisplay will show
the numbers as entered.
4. Press the BAND knob. The radio will display “000”.
5. Enter the second three digits of the code. The display will show the
numbers as entered.
6. Press the BAND knob. If the display shows “- - - ”, the disabling
sequence was successful. The numbers matched the user-selected code
or the factory back-up code, and the unit is in the UNSECURED
mode. If the display shows “SEC”, the disabling sequence was
unsuccessful and the numbers did not match either of the codes and the
unit will remain in the SECURED mode.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals will reach only
about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And, tall buildings or hills can interfere
with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night.
The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other.
AM can pick up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try reducing
the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
AM Stereo means the DelcoB system can receive C-QUAM@stereo
broadcasts. Many AM stations around the countr use C-QUAM@ to
produce stereo, though some do not. (C-QUAM is a registered trademark
of Motorola, Inc.) If your Delco@ system can get C-QUAM@, your
“STEREO” light will come on when you’re receiving it.
4
Be aware that hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable until
it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that
seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe sound level before your
hearing adapts to it.
3-18
To help avoid hearing loss ordamage:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle - like a
tape player, CB radio, mobile telephone
or two-way radio - be
sure you can add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very important
to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere
with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, Delco@radio or other
systems, andeven damage them. And, yourvehicle’s systems
may interfere with the operationof sound equipment that has
been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and
be sure to check Federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Playerand Tape
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly is subject to reduced sound
quality, ruining the cassette, ordamaging the mechanism. Tape cassettes that
are not properly stored in their plastic cases away from contaminants, direct
sunlight, and extreme heat, may not operate properly and could cause
premature failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned with every 50 hours of use to provide
optimum performance. Your radio may display “Cln” (Clean) to indicate
that you have used your tape player for 50 hours without re-setting the tape
clean timer. If you notice areduction in sound quality, regardless of when
the tape player was last cleaned, try playing a different cassette to see if the
tape or tape player is at fault. If the second cassette results in no
improvement in sound quality, try cleaning the tape player.
Proper tape player cleaning should be done with a scrubbingaction,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette. Thisis a wet-type cleaning system that uses
a cleaning cassettewith pads which scrub thetape head as the hubs of the
cleaner cassette turn.To properly clean your tape player, follow instructions
with the cleaning cassette.If you use this type of cleaner, the radio may
display an error and eject the cartridge. This is normal and is the result of an
added feature in the tape player that detects broken tapes. If an error occurs,
you will need to insert the cleaning cassetteat least 3 times to thoroughly
clean the tape player.
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You may prefer to use a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner. This type
of cleaner uses a fabric belt to clean the tape head. This type of cleaner
cassette will not cause an error, but it may not clean the tape player as
thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
A scrubbing action cleaner cassette is available through your retailer (SPO
12344600).
Cassettes aresubject to wear and the sound quality may degrade over time.
Always verify that the cassette tape is in good condition and the tape player
is clean before obtaining service on your tape player.
NOTICE:
Cassette tape adapter kits for portable
CD players will not work
in your cassette player. These adapters will cause the radio to
will be ejected.
display an error and the adapter cassette
Care of Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective
cases and away from direct sunlight and dust. If the surface of a disc is
soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pick up discs
by grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Antenna Care
The fixedmast antenna can withstand most car washes without being
damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it
out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still tightened to the
fender.
3-20
Your Driving andthe Road
Section
Here you’ll find information about driving
on different kindsof roads and in
varying weather conditions. We’ve also includedmany other useful tips on
driving.
Defensive Driving
The best adviceanyone can give about driving is:Drive defensively.
Please start with avery important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle up.
(See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”On city streets,
rural roads, or freeways,it means “always expect theunexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers aregoing to be careless and make
mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Beready for their mistakes.
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Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they
are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive
driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when the
vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving isa national tragedy.
It’s the number one contributor to the highway death toll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects fourthings that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness
Police recordsshow that almost half of all motor vehicle-related deaths
involve alcohol. Inmost cases, these deaths arethe result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -by some estimates, nearly half the adult population choose never to drinkalcohol, so they never drive afterdrinking. For
persons under 21, it’s against the law in every U.S. state todrink alcohol.
There aregood medical, psychological and developmental reasons for these
laws.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem is for people never to
drink alcoholand then drive.But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if the driverplans to drive?It’s a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation, here issome general
information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking
depends upon four things:
How much alcohol consumed
The drinker’s body weight
The amount of food that is consumed before and during drinking
The length of time it’s taken the drinker to consume the alcohol
According to the American Medical Association, a 180-pound (82kg)
person who drinks three 12-ounce(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will
end up with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same
BAC by drinking three 4-ounce(1 20 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed
drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or
vodka.
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It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the sameperson
drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each)within an
hour, the person’s BAC would be close to0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinkingwill have a somewhat lower
BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too.Women generally have a lower relative
percentage of body water than men. Since alcoholis carried in body water,
this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her samebody weight when each has the same number of drinks.
at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit
a growing number of U.S. states, and throughout Canada, the limitis 0.08
percent. In some other countriesit’s even lower. The BAC limit forall
commercial drivers in the U.S. is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). Of
course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive isaffected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent.
Research shows that the driving skillsof many people are impairedat a
BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects areworse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above0.05 percent. Statistics show that
the chanceof being in a collision increases sharply for drivers whohave a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above.A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent
has doubled his or herchance of having a collision. At a BAC levelof 0.10
percent, the chanceof this driverhaving a collision is twelve times greater;
at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance istwenty-five times greater!
The body takes aboutan hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink.No
amount of coffee ornumber of cold showers will speed that up. “I’ll be
careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to take
sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?A person with even a
moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
4-3
There’s something else about drinking and driving that many people don’t
know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuriesworse, especially injuries tothe brain, spinalcord or heart.
This means that when anyone who has been drinking - driver or passenger
-is in a crash,that person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not beendrinking.
Control of a Vehicle
You have threesystems that make your vehicle go where you want it togo.
They are the brakes,the steering and the accelerator. All three systems have
to do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, aswhen you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s easy to ask more of
those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you
can lose controlof your vehicle.
4-4
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. That’s perception time.
Then you have to bring up your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that’s only an average. It
might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more
with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a
second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the
road (whether it’s pavement or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry,
icy); tire tread; and the condition of your brakes.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts -heavy
acceleration followed by heavy braking -rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means better
braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake normally but don’t
pump your brakes. If you do, thepedal may get harder to push down. If
your engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But you will
use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer
to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
4-5
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has an advanced electronic braking system that can help you
keep it under control. When you start your vehicle and begin to drive away,
you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise. This is the ABS system
testing itself.
nere s now anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet. You’re driving safely.
Suddenly an animal jumps outin front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is
about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at the rear wheels. The anti-lock system can change the
brake pressure fasterthan any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tireand road conditions. You can steer around
the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and
controls braking pressure accordingly.
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Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need to getyour foot up
to the brake pedal.If you get too close to the vehicle in front
of you, you
won’t have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or
stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock
work for you. You may feel thebrakes vibrate, or you may notice some
noise, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, you
can steer and brake at the sametime. In many emergencies, steering can
help you more than even the very best braking.
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assistbecause the engine stops orthe system is
not functioning, you can steer but itwill take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curvesat a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on the news happen
on curves.Here’s why:
Experienced driver orbeginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of
physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires againstthe road
surface makes it possible forthe vehicle tochange its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertiawill keep the vehicle going in
the same direction.If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll
understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires
and the road surface, the angleat which the curve is banked,and your
speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steeringthrough a sharp curve. Thenyou suddenly
accelerate. Both control systems - steering and acceleration - have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration
can demand too much of those places.You can losecontrol.
4-7
What should you do if this everhappens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal,
steer the vehiclethe way you want it to go,and slow down.
Speed limit signsnear curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of
course, theposted speeds arebased on good weather and road conditions.
Under less favorableconditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduceyour speed as you approach a curve, do it before
you
enter the curve,while your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are timeswhen steering can be more effective than braking. For
example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, ora car
suddenly pulls outfrom nowhere, or a child darts outfrom between parked
cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid theseproblems by
braking -if you can stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasiveaction - steering around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply
your brakes. It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or right depending on
the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you
are holding thesteering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and just asquickly
straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.
The fact thatsuch emergency situations arealways possible is a good reason
to practice defensivedriving at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-8
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of
a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
If the levelof the shoulderis only slightly below the pavement, recovery
should be fairlyeasy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in
the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edgeof the pavement. You
can turn the steeringwheel up to 114 turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Thenturn your steering wheel to go straightdown the
roadway.
1. Edge of Road
Surface
I
W
‘
2. Slow Down
: ,I I
3. Left Approx.
Quarter Turn
4. Recover
Passing
The driverof a vehicle aboutto pass another on a two-lane highway waits
for just the rightmoment, accel.erates, moves around the vehicle ahead,then
A simple maneuver?
goes back into the right lane again.
Not necessarily! Passing anothervehicle on a two-lane highway is a
potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupiesthe same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds.A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the
passing driver face to face
with the worst of all traffic accidents -the
head-on collision.
So here are some tips forpassing:
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides, and to crossroads for
situations thatmight affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
4-9
0
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can see a
sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your
pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing theroad ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your
side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
0
Do not get too closeto the vehicle you want to pass while you’re
awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following tooclosely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead suddenly
slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.
0
When it looks likea chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but
stay in the right lane and don’t get too close.Time your move so you
will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane.
If the way is clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that more
than makes up forthe distance you would lose by dropping back. And
if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only
slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity.
0
If other cars arelined up to passa slow vehicle, wait your turn. But
take care thatsomeone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to pass
the slow vehicle. Remember to glance overyour shoulder and check
the blind spot.
0
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane
change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you
are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its frontin your inside
mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back into the
right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The
vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it
really is.)
0
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.
0
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the
brake lights arenot flashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn.
0
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the following driverto get
ahead of you. Perham vou can ease a little to the ripht.
4-10
Loss of Confrol
Let’s review what driving expertssay about what happens when the three
control systems (brakes,steering and acceleration) don’t have enough
friction where the tiresmeet the road to dowhat the driverhas asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keeptrying to steerand constantly seek an
escape route or area
of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle. Defensive driversavoid
most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions,and by
not “overdriving” those conditions.But skids are always possible.
The threetypes of skids correspond toyour vehicle’s three controlsystems.
In thebraking skid your wheels aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering
skid, toomuch speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose
cornering force.And in the acceleration skid too much throttle causes the
driving wheels to spin.
A corneringskid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease
your foot off the acceleratorpedal and
quickly steer theway you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering
quickly enough,your vehicle may straighten out.Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction isreduced when water, snow, ice, gravel, orother
material is on theroad. For safety, you’ll want to slow down and adjust your
driving to these conditions. It is importantto slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer
and vehicle control more
limited.
While drivingon a surfacewith reduced traction, try your best to avoid
sudden steering, acceleration, orbraking (including engine braking by
shifting to a lower gear).
Any sudden changes could cause the tiresto slide.
You may not realize the surfaceis slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues - such as enough water, ice orpacked
snow on theroad to make a “mirrored surface” - and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking
skid.
4-11
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some
drivers are likely to be impaired - by alcohol or drugs,with night vision
problems, orby fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlamps
behind you.
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow down and keep more
space between you and other vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your headlamps can light
up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these
differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For example,
if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.
Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re driving,
don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glare from
headlamps, but they also make a lot of things invisible.
4-12
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights. It can take a second
or two, oreven several seconds, foryour eyes to readjust to the dark.When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly intothe approaching lights.
Keep your windshield and all the glasson your vehicle clean - inside and
out. Glare at night is made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside
of the glass can build up a filmcaused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights
dazzle and flash more than clean glass would, making the pupils of your
eyes contractrepeatedly.
of a roadway when you are
Remember that your headlamps light up far less
in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier topick out
dimly lighted objects. Just asyour headlamps should be checked regularly
for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers
suffer from night blindness - the inability to see in dim light - and aren’t
even aware of it.
Driving in the Rain
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road you can’t stop,
accelerate orturn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as
on dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get even
less traction.It’s always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to
fall while you are driving.The surface may get wet suddenly when your
reflexes aretuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper
blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to seeroad signs
and traffic signals,pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even
people walking.
4-13
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your
windshield washer tank filled. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when
they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate
from the inserts.
Driving too fastthrough large water puddles or even going through some
car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try
to avoidpuddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
I A CAUTION:
.’
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work well in a
quick stop and may cause pulling to one side.
You could lose
control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle
of water ora car wash,
apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires
that they can actually ride on the water. This canhappen if the road is wet
enough and you’re going fast enough.When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it
has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your tires haven’t much
tread or if the pressure in one ormore is low. It can happen if a lotof water
is standing on the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or othervehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface; there
could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There justisn’t a hard and
fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it is
raininq.
4-14
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Turn on your low-beam headlamps - not just your parking lamps to help make you more visible to others.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance.And be
especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more
clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted by road
spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See “Tires” in the Index.)
City Driving
a
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on
them. You’ll want to watch out for what the other drivers aredoing and pay
attention to traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and
plan your trip into an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll
save time and energy. (See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green lightas a warning signal. A traffic light is there because
the corner is busy enough to need it. When a light turns green, and just
before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red light.
4-15
Freeway Driving
Mile formile, freeways (alsocalled thruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, orsuperhighways) are the safestof all roads. But they have their
own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and
keep to the right.Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are
driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
a
lane.
left lane on a freeway as passing
At the entrance there is usually a ramp that leads tothe freeway. If you have
a clearview of the freeway as you drive along the entranceramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determinewhere you expect to blend
with the flow. Try to merge into thegap at closeto the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your
shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blendsmoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the
prevailing rateif it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal.
Just beforeyou leave the lane, glancequickly over your shoulder to make
sure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable
following distance.Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane well in
advance. If you miss your exit donot, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to thenext exit.
The exitramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not to your sense of
motion. After driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may tend to
think you are going slower than you actually are.
4- 16
Before Leaving ona Long Trip
Make sure you’reready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when you’re
not fresh - such as after aday’s work - don’t plan to make toomany
miles that first part of the journey.Wear comfortable clothingand shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for along trip? If you keep it servicedand maintained,
it’s ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before starting
out. Of
course, you’ll find experiencedand able service expertsin GM dealerships
all across North America. They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need
it.
Here are some thingsyou can check before atrip:
Windshield Washer Fluid:Is the reservoir full? Areall windows clean
inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids:Have you checked all levels?
0
Lights: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,trouble-free trip. Is the tread
good enough for long-distance driving? Are the tiresall inflated to the
recommended pressure?
Weather Forecasts:What’s the weather outlook alongyour route?
Should you delay your trip a short time to
avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
High way Hypnosis
Is there actuallysuch a conditionas “highway hypnosis”? Oris it justplain
falling asleep at the wheel? Callhighway
it
hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
There is something aboutan easy stretch of road with the same scenery,
along with the hum of the tireson the road, the droneof the engine,and the
rush of the wind against the vehiclethat can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave theroad in less thana
second, and you could crash and be injured.
What canyou do abouthighway hypnosis? First, beaware that it can
happen.
4- 17
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortably cool
interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check
your mirrors and your instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service, orparking area
and take anap, get some exercise, orboth. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in flat or
rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re planning to visit there,
here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid levels and also the
brakes, tires, cooling system and transmission. These parts can work
hard on mountain roads.
0
Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know is this:
let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to alower gear
when you go down a steep or long hill.
4- 18
0
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear.
The lower gears help coolyour engine and transmission, and you can
climb the hill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or
mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut across the center
of the road.Drive
at speedsthat let you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over thetop of a hill, be alert. There could besomething in
your lane, like a stalled car oran accident.
0
You may see highway signs onmountains that warn of special
problems. Examples are long grades,passing or no-passing zones, a
falling rocks area, orwinding roads. Be alert to theseand take
appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
0
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter. Be sure your engine
coolant mix is correct.
0
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your vehicle.
4-19
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield
washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight,
a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions,include a small bag of sand, a piece of old
carpet ora couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the roadprobably have
good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the road, you can
have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip”and
will need to be very careful.
r
tr“r“‘...................
--
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ii
.
..................
,,-~
..-......--.-
.........._I........-.X
.
I
i
.
What’s the worst time for this?“Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be
slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the leasttraction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about
freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition- smooth ice, packed,blowing or loose snow drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to breakthe fragile traction.If you accelerate too
fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even
more.
4-20
Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to make a hard stop on a
slippery road.Even though you have an anti-lock braking system, you'll
want to begin stopping soonerthan you would on dry pavement. See
"Anti-Lock" in the Index.
0
Allow greater following distanceon any slippery road.
0
Watch for slippery spots. Theroad might be fine until you hit a spot
that's covered with ice. On an otherwise clearroad, ice patchesmay
appear in shaded areas where the sun can't reach: around clumps of
trees, behind buildings, orunder bridges. Sometimes the surfaceof a
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see apatch of ice aheadof you, brake before you are on it.
Try not to brake while you're actually on the ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
If You're Caught in a Blizzard
ha3....
.. .
-
. ..
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation.You
should probably stay with your vehicle unless you know for sure thatyou
are near help and you can hikethrough the snow. Here are some things to do
to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: Turn on your
hazard flashers. Tie a red cloth toyour vehicle to alert police that you've
been stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothingor wrap a blanket around
you. If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floormats - anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engineto keep warm, but be careful.
4-21
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run
the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps
the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with your headlarnps. Let the
heater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost all the way to
preserve the heat. Start the engihe again and repeat this only when you feel
really uncomfortable from the cbld. But do it as little as possible. Preserve
the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the
vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
4-22
Loading Your Vehicle
PAYLOAD =-I
PSI/KPA
<
SEE OWNER'S
MANUAL
-0
-0
(COLD)
FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
The Certificatioflire
label is found on the
rear edge of the
driver's door. The
label shows the size of
your original tires and
the inflation pressures
needed to obtainthe
gross weight capacity
of your vehicle.
This is calledthe GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). TheGVWR
includes theweight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, cargo,
and tongue
weight, if pulling a trailer.
The CertificatiodTire label also
tells you the maximum weights for the
front and rear axles, calledGross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out
the actual loads onyour front and rear axles,you need to go to aweigh
station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with this. Be sure
to spread outyour load equallyon both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR foryour vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for eitherthe front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Using heavier suspensioncomponents to get added durability might not
change your weight ratings. Ask your dealer to help you load your vehicle
the right way.
4-23
NOTICE:
Your warrantydoes not cover parts or components that
fail
because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -like suitcases,tools, packages, or
anything else - they will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop
or turn quickly, or if there is a crash,they’ll keep going.
Payload
The Payload Capacity is shown on the Certification/Tire label. Thisis the
maximum load capacity that your vehicle can carry.Be sureto include the
weight of the people inside as part of your load. If you added any
accessories or equipment after your vehicle left thefactory, remember to
subtract theweight of these things from thepayload. Your dealer can help
you with this.
4-24
Trailering Package
If your vehicle comes with the Trailering Package, there is also
a load rating
which includes the weight of the vehicleand the trailerit tows. This rating
is called the Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR).
When you weigh your trailer,be sure to include the
weight of everything
you put in it. And, remember to figure theweight of the people insideas
part of your load.
Your dealer can help you determine your GCWR.
Add-on Equipment
When you carry removable items,you may need toput a limiton how many
people you carry insideyour vehicle. Be sure toweigh your vehicle before
you buy and install thenew equipment.
NOTICE:
Your warranty doesn’t cover parts
or components that fail
because of overloading.
4-25
Towing a Trailer
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your vehicle and result
in costly repairs not covered
by your warranty.To pull a trailer
correctly, follow the advice in this part, and see your
GM dealer
for important information about towing a trailer with your
vehicle.
Most vehicles areready for some trailer towing. If yours was built with
trailering options, asmany are, it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering
is different than just drivingyour vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes
in handling, durability, and fuel economy. Successful, safetrailering takes
correct equipment,and it has tobe used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested, important
trailering tips and safety rules. Many of these areimportant for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read this section carefully before you
pull a trailer.
&!You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, hereare some important points.
There are many different laws,including speed limit restrictions,
having to do with trailering. Make sure your rig will be legal, not only
where you live but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state orprovincial police.
Consider using a sway control if your trailer will weigh 2,000 pounds
(900 kg) or less.You should always use a sway control if your trailer
will weigh more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg). You can ask a hitch
dealer aboutsway controls.
4-26
0
Don’t tow a trailer atall during the first 500 miles (800 km) your new
vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or other parts could
be damaged.
0
Then, during the first500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t
drive over50 mph (80 k d h ) and don’t make starts at full throttle. This
helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the heavier
loads.
0
You should use DRIVE (D) (or, as you need to, a lower gear) when
towing a trailer. Operating your vehicle in DRIVE (D) when towing a
trailer will minimize heat build-up and extend the life of your
transmission.
Three important considerationshave to do with weight:
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude,
road grades, outside temperatureand how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer areall important. And, it can also depend on any special equipment
that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for ourtrailering information or advice, oryou can
write us at the addresslisted in your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight to measure
because it affects thetotal or grossweight of your vehicle. The gross vehicle
weight (GVW) includesthe curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may
carry in it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And if you will
tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load to the GVWbecause your
vehicle will be carrying thatweight, too. See “Loading Your Vehicle”in the
Index for more information aboutyour vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
4-27
A
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh
10%of the total loaded trailer weight (B). If you have a
“weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the
total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue,
separately, to see if the weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to
get them right simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for cold tires. You’ll find
these numbers on the Certification label at the rear edgeof the driver’s door
or see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the
GVW limit foryour vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important tohave the correcthitch equipment. Crosswinds, large trucks
going by, and rough roads are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
0
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will weigh more than
2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sureto use a properly mounted,
weight-distributing hitch and sway control of the proper size. This
equipment is very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling when you’re driving.
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your vehicle when you
install a trailer hitch? If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later
when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your vehicle (see
“Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt and water can, too.
4-28
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer.
Cross the safety chains under the tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will
not drop to theroad if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer or by the
trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
attaching safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always leave
just enough slack so you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg) loaded, thenit needs
its own brakes- and they must be adequate.Be sure toread and follow the
instructions for thetrailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjustand
maintain them properly.
Your trailer brake system can tap intoyour vehicles’s hydraulic brake
system, except:
Don’t tap into your vehicle’s brake system if the trailer’s brake system
~ )fluid from your vehicle’s
will use more than 0.02 cubic inch ( 0 . 3 ~ of
master cylinder. If it does,both braking systems won’t work well. You
could even lose your brakes.
Will the trailer parts take 3,000psi (20 650 kPa) of pressure? If not, the
trailer brakesystem must not be used with your vehicle.
If everything checks out this far, then make the brake fluid tap at the
port on the master cylinder that sends fluidto the rear brakes.But don’t
If you do, it will bend and finally break off.
use copper tubing for this.
Use steel brake tubing.
4-29
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. Before setting out
for the open road, you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself
with the feelof handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are drivingis now a good
deal longer and not nearly as responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform (and attachments),
safety chains, electrical connector, lights, tires and mirror adjustment. If the
trailer has electricbrakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the brakes are working.
This letsyou check your electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and
that the lights and any trailer brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you would when
driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that
require heavy braking and sudden turns.
4-30
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance upahead when you’re towing a trailer.
And, because you’re a good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle beforeyou can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steeringwheel with one hand. Then, to move the
just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer tothe
trailer to the left,
right, move your hand to theright. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer
to come in contact with the vehicle.
Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than normal. Do this
so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs,road signs, trees, or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra wiring and a
heavy-duty turn signal flasher(included in the optional trailering package).
The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a
turn or lane change.Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re aboutto turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your instrument panel will flash
for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer areburned out. Thus, you may think
drivers behind you are seeingyour signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally tobe sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
4-31
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep
downgrade. If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your brakes so
much that they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your speed to around 45 mph
(70 km/h) to reduce the possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades, consider the following:
Engine coolant will boil at a lower temperature than at normal altitudes. If
you turn your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude on steep
uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs similar to engine overheating.
To avoid this, let the engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a few minutes before
turning the engineoff. If you do get the overheat warning, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. People can be injured,
and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into PARK (P) yet. Turn your
wheels into the curb when facing downhill and away from the curb
when facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until the
chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes, Then apply your parking brake, and shift to
PARK (P).
5 . Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parkingon a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
0
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
4-32
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re pulling a trailer. See
the Maintenance Schedule for more on this. Things that are especially
important in trailer operation are automatictransmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant,
belt, cooling system,and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help
you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections beforeyou start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight.
Trailer Lighting Systems Wiring
See “Trailer Wiring Harness” in the Index.
4-33
Notes
4-34
Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They also let police know
you have a problem. Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and
off.
5-1
But they won’t flash if you’re braking.
Press the button in to
make your front and
rear turn signal lights
flash on and off. Your
hazard warning
flashers work no
matter what position
your key is in, and
even if the key isn’t
in.
To turn off the
flashers, pull out on
the collar.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at the side of the road
about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.
5-2
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use another vehicle and some
jumper cables to start your vehicle. But please follow the steps below to do
it safely.
I NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your
vehicle that wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
Trying to startyour vehicle by pushingor pulling it won’t work,
and itcould damage your vehicle.
To Jump Start Your Vehicle:
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
r
~
~~
NOTICE:
If the othersystem isn’ta 12-volt system with a negative
ground, both vehicles can bedamaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables can reach, but be
sure thevehicles aren’t touching each other. If they are, it could causea
ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able tostart your
vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage the electrical systems.
You could beinjured if the vehicles roll. Set the parking brake firmly
on each vehicle. Put an automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a
manual transmission in NEUTRAL (N). If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case shiftlever, be
sure thetransfer case isnot in NEUTRAL (N).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all lights that aren’t
needed, and radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries.
And it could save your radio!
-~-
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on,
it could be badly damaged.The
repairs wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the positive (+) and
negative (-) terminals on each battery.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or missing insulation. If
they do, you could geta shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things you should
know. Positive (+>will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to
negative (-1 or a metal engine part.Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll
get a short thatwould damage the battery and maybe other parts too.
5-4
A
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine
parts can injureyou badly. Keep
the engines are
your hands away from moving parts once
running.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the
vehicle with the dead battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Dead Battery (+)
Good Battery (+)
7. Don’t let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive (+)
terminal of the good battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (-) cable to thegood battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
Don’t let the otherend touch anything until the next step. The otherend
of the negative cable doesn’t go to the
dead battery. It goes to a heavy
unpainted metalpart of the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-5
Good Battery (-)
Heavy
Metal
Engine Part
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical connection is just as
good there, but the chance of sparks getting back to the battery is much
less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and r ~ the
~ nengine for a
while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it won’t start after a few
tries, it probably needs service.
12. Remove the cables i n reverse order to prevent electrical shorting. Take
care that they don’t touch each other o r any other mctal.
Remove Cables In This Order:
I . Heavy Metal
Engine Part
2. Good Battery (-)
3. Good Battery (+)
4. Dead Battery (+)
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to havea GM dealer ora professional towing service tow your vehicle.
They can provide the right equipment and know how to tow it without
damage.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it was factory-new by
adding aftermarket items like fog lamps, aero skirting, special
or
tires and
wheels, these thingscan be damaged during towing.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0
Whether your vehicle has rear-wheel drive or the all-wheel-drive
option. If your vehicle has fog lamps, it cannot be towed from the front
with sling-type equipment.
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key off. The steering
wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a clamping
device designed fortowing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering
column lock forthis. The transmission should be in NEUTRAL (N) and the
parking brakereleased.
5-7
If your vehicle has the all-wheel drive option,it can only be towed with all
four wheels off the ground.If a vehicle with all-wheel drive must be towed
with sling-type or wheel lift equipment,then either the front or rear wheels
must be supported on a dolly.
If your vehicle has rear-wheel drive, don’t have it towed on the rear wheels,
unless you must. If a vehicle with rear-wheel drive must be towed on the
rear wheels, don’t go more than 35 mph (54km/h) or fartherthan 50 miles
(80 km) or your transmission will be damaged. If these limits must be
exceeded, then the rear wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
5-8
Towing From the Front (Except All-Wheel
Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-typeequipment or the front bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional ramping may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the all-wheel-drive option, a dolly MUST be
used under the rearwheels when towingfrom the front.
5-9
Towing From the Rear
(Except All- Wheel Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow withsling-type equipment or the rear bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional ramping may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the all-wheel-drive option,
a dolly MUST be
used under the frontwheels when towingfrom the rear.
5-10
Towing From the Front
(All- Wheel-Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the front bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel liftor car-carrier equipment.
Additional ramping maybe required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the all-wheel-drive option,
a dolly MUST be
used under the rearwheels when towingfrom the front.
5-11
Towing From the Rear (All- Wheel-Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor the rear bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional ramping may be requiredfor car-carrierequipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle hasthe all-wheel-drive option, a dolly MUST be
used under the front wheels when towingfrom the rear.
5-12
Engine Overheating
-
If Steam Is Corning From Your Engine
8
I NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with
no
coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
5-13
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see or hear no steam, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
See “Driving on Grades” in the Index.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam, try this for a minute
or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan speed and open the
window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N); otherwise, shift to the
highest gear while driving - AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (a)
or
DRIVE (D).
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can drive. Just to be safe,
drive slowerfor about ten minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, push the accelerator until the engine speed is
about twice as fast as normal idle speed. Bring the engine speed back to
normal idle speed after two or three minutes. Now see if the warning stops.
But then, if you still have the warning, turn @‘the engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service help right away.
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood,
here’s what you’ll see:
A. Coolant recovery tank
B. Radiator pressure cap
C. Engine fan
If the coolant insidethe coolant recovery tank is boiling, don’t do anything
else until it cools down.
The coolant level should be at ADD. If it isn’t, you may have a leak in the
radiator hoses, heaterhoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine without coolant isn’t
covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again.See if the fan speed
increases when idle speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal down.
If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off the engine.
5-15
How to Add Coolant to the CoolantRecovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at ADD , add
a 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze
at the coolantrecovery tank. (See“Engine Coolant” in the Index for more
information about the proper coolant mix.)
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the engine, radiator,
heater core and other parts. Use the recommended coolant.
I
I
When the coolantin the coolant recovery tank is at ADD , start your
vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more thing you can try. You
can add the proper coolant mix directly to the radiator, but be sure the
cooling system is cool before you do it.
5-14
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer
hot. Turn the pressure cap slowlyto the left until it first stops. (Don’t
press down while turning the pressure cap.)
5- 17
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means there is still Some
pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push down as you turn it.
Remove the pressure cap.
3. Fill the radiator with the proper mix, up to the base of the filler neck.
5-18
I
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to ADD.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but leave the radiator
pressure capoff.
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper radiator hose
getting hot. Watch out for the engine fan.
5-19
7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator filler neck may be
lower. If the level is lower, add more of the proper mix through the
filler neck until the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during this procedure if
coolant begins to flow out of the filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap.
Be sure the arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
Engine Fan Noise
This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan.When the clutch is engaged,
the fan spins faster to provide more air to cool the engine. In most every day
driving conditionsthe clutch is not fully engaged. This improves fuel
economy and reduces fan noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing
and/or high outside temperatures, the fan speed increases when the clutch
engages. So you may hear an increase in fan noise. This is normal and
should not be mistaken as the transmission slipping or making extra sh.ifts.
It is merely the cooling system functioning properly. The fanwill slow
down when additional cooling is not required and the clutch disengageS.
You may also hear this fan noise when you start the engine. It will go away
as the fan clutchdisengages.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for atire to “blow out” while you’re driving, especially if you
maintain your tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to
leak out slowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are afew tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tirewill create a dragthat pulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, then gently brake to a
stop well out of the traffic lane.
5-20
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, actsmuch like a skid and may
require the samecorrection you’d use in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove
your foot from theaccelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering theway you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and
noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake to a stop, well off the road if
possible.
If a tiregoes flat, thenext part shows how to useyour jacking equipment to
change a flat tiresafely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a
level place. Turn on your hazard warning flashers.
A. Flat Tire
B. Blocked Tire
5-21
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and change a tire.
Jack Storage
Thejacking equipment you'll need is stored by your vehicle's rear doors,
along the passenger side wall.
Remove your jack
cover by turning the
plastic wing nut
counterclockwise.
Lift up on the latch
and pull the jack cover
off
e
.*b
" '
5-22
""
1
Remove the wheel
blocks and jack by
turning the wing nut
counterclockwise.
Remove the wing nut
and washer then pull
the wheel blocks and
jack off the bolt.
Remove the ratchet
and extension by
turning the wing nut
counterclockwise.
Remove thewing nut
and retainer and take
out the ratchetand
extension.
c
Jacking Equipment Storage
1. Nut
2. Washer
3. Wheel Blocks
4. Jack Lift Head
5. Jack
6. Jacking InstructionsTag
7. Nut
8. Retainer
9. Ratchet
10. Extension
11. Bolt
5-23
Spare Tire
Your spare tire is
stored underneath the
rear of your vehicle.
You will use the
ratchet and extension
to lower the spare tire.
1 NOTICE:
Never remove or restow a tire
frodto a stowage position under
the vehicle while the vehicle
is supported by a jack. Always
tighten the tire fully against the underside
of the vehicle when
restowing.
The ratchet has an UP
side.
5-24
And a DOWN side.
To Remove the Spare Tire
3
Attach the ratchet,
with the DOWN side
facing you,to the
extension. The
extension has a socket
Put the flat end of the extension on an angle through thehole in the rear
door frame, above the bumper. Be sure the flatend connects intothe hoist
shaft.
-
5-25
Turn the ratchet
counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire to
the ground, Keep
turning the ratchet
until the spare tire can
be pulled out from
under the vehicle.
When the tire has
been lowered, tilt the
retainer at the end of
the cable and pull it
through the wheel
opening. Pull the tire
out fromunder the
vehicle.
I NOTICE:
To help avoid vehicle damage, do not drive vehicle before cable
is restored.
Changing the Tire
5-26
The jack has a bolt on
the end.
Attach the socketend
of the extension to the
jack bolt like this.
Attach the ratchet to
the extension with the
UP side facingyou.
Rotate the ratchet to
the right. Thatwill
raise the jack lift head
a little. Before raising
the vehicle, do the
following steps.
Before you start,
block the frontand
rear of the tire farthest
away from the one
being changed.Then
put your spare tire
near the flat tire.
5-27
Hub Caps andWheel Nut Caps
You will have to take off hub caps or wheel nut caps to reach your wheel
nuts.
If you have a standard
hub cap, remove it by
using the flat end of
the extension.
Pry along the edge of
the cap until it comes
off. Be careful, the
rim edges may be
sharp. Don’t try to
remove it with your
bare hands.
If the wheel has a
plastic center cap, you
do not have to remove
the center cap to
loosen the wheel nuts.
i
Place the ratchet and
socket end of the
extention on the wheel
nut with the center cap
on.
5-28
To remove the hub
cap fromthe
aluminum wheel, fit
the flat end of the
extension intothe
notch.
Remove the center
I
cap-
With DOWN facing
you, use the ratchet
and socket to loosen
all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them
yet.
Do not jack up the vehicle with people in or near the vehicle.
Position the jackunder the vehicle.
5-29
A. Front
5
-4 b- -4
6.5 in.
(16.5 cm)
A
k-,l2.0
B
B. Rear
in.
(30.0em)
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned will
damage the vehicle or may allow the vehicle to fall off the jack.
Be sure to fit the jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
I
Raise the vehicle by
rotating the ratchet
clockwise. Make sure
the UP marking faces
you. Raise the vehicle
far enough off the
ground so there is
enough room for the
spare tire to fit.
5-30
Take off the flattire.
Remove any rust or dirt from thewheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare
wheel. Place the spareon the wheel mounting surface.
5-31
c
Put on the spare tire.
Put the nuts on by
hand. Make sure the
cone-shaped end is
toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by
hand until the wheel is
held against the hub.
If a nut can't be turned
by hand, use the
extension and see your
dealer assoon as
possible.
Lower the vehicle by
turning the ratchet
counterclockwise.
Lower the jack
completely.
5-32
Tightening
Wheel
Tightening
Nut Sequence
I
Tighten the wheel nuts firmlyin a criss-cross sequence as shown. Turn the
ratchet clockwise with the UP marking facingyou.
Remove the wheel blocks.
A CAUTION:
I NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put
a wheel cover on your compact spare, you could damage the
cover or the spare.
5-33
Storing The Jack and Spare Tire
1. Put the tire on the ground at the rear of the vehicle, with the valve stem
pointed down.
2. Pull the retaining bar through the center of the wheel, making sure itis
properly attached. Attach the ratchet, with the UP side facingyou, to
the extension.
3. Put the flatend of the extension on an angle throughthe hole in the rear
door frame,above the bumper. Turn the ratchet clockwise until the tire
is against theunderside of the vehicle.
You will hear two“c1icks” when the tire is up all the way. Try to move
the tire with your hands to make sure itis securely in place.
Return the jackingequipment to the proper location. Secure the items and
replace the jackcover.
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare was fully inflated when your vehicle was new,
it can lose air aftera time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should
be 60 psi (420 kPa). After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your spare tireis correctly
inflated. The compact spare ismade to perform well at posted speed limits
for distancesup to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and
have your full-size tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s
best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longerand be in good shape in case you need it again.
I NOTICE:
Don’t take your compact spare through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on the rails.
of
That can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe other parts
your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on some other vehicle.
5-34
And don’t mix your compact spare orwheel with other wheels or tires. They
won’t fit. Keep your spare and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compactspare. Using them will
damage your vehicle and destroy the chains too. Don’t usetire
chains onyour compact spare.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is tospin your wheels
too fast. Themethod known as “rocking” can help you get out when you’re
stuck, but you must use caution.
IA
CAUTION:
I NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicleas well as
the tires. If you spin the wheels toofast while shifting your
transmission back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information aboutusing tire chainson your vehicle, see “Tire Chains”
in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area around
your front wheels.Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a
forward gear, spinning thewheels as little as possible. Releasethe
accelerator pedal whileyou shift, and press lightly on the acceleratorpedal
when the transmission is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out after afew tries,
you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
5-35
Notes
5-36
Service & Appearance Care
Section
Here you will find information about the care
of your vehicle. This section
begins with serviceand fuel information,and then it shows how to check
important fluidand lubricant levels.There is also technical information
about your vehicle, and a partdevoted to its appearance care.
Service
Your GM dealerknows your vehicle best and wants you to be happy with it.
We hope you’ll go to your dealer forall your service needs. You’ll get
genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported servicepeople.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM. GenuineGM parts
have one of these marks:
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll want to get the
proper GM Service Manual. It tells you much more about how to service
your vehicle than this manual can. To order the proper servicemanual, see
“Service Publications’’ in the Index.
6-1
YOUshould keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and the
date of any service work you perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the
Index.
I NOTICE:
If you try to do your own service work without knowing enough
about it, your vehicle could be damaged.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher. Use premium
unleaded gasoline rated at 9 1 octane orhigher for high power performance,
when towing a trailer or with a high payload requirement. But when
operating with a light load as a normal condition, you may use middle grade
or regular unleaded gasolines.
The gasolineyou use should meet specifications ASTM D48 14 in the
United States and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels should have the
proper additives,so you should not have to add anything to the fuel.
6-2
In the United States and Canada, it’s easy to be sure you get the right kind
of gasoline (unleaded).You’ll see UNLEADED right on the pump. And
only unleaded nozzles will fit intoyour vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane at
is least 9 1 forpremium, 89 formiddle grade
and 87 for regular. If the octane is less than 87, you may get aheavy
knocking noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, itcan damage your
engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 91 octane orhigher and you still hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service. But don’t worry if you hear a little
pinging noise when you’re accelerating or drivingup a hill.That’s normal,
and you don’t have tobuy a higher octane fuel to get
rid of it. It’s the heavy,
constant knock thatmeans you have a problem.
What about gasolinewith blending materials that contain oxygen
(oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no more than 15%
MTBE is fine for your vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl orgrain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel that is no more than
10% ethanol is fine foryour vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
NOTICE:
Fuel thatis more than 5% methanol is badfor your vehicle.
Don’t use it. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel system and
also damage plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be
covered under your warranty. And even5%
at or less, there
must be “cosolvents” and corrosion preventers in this fuel to
help avoid these problems.
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will help
prevent
deposits fromforming in your engine and fuel system.That helps keep your
engine in tuneand your emission controlsystem working properly. It’s good
for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for cleanerair.
Many gasolines arenow blended with oxygenates. General Motors
recommends that you use gasolines with these blending materials, such as
MTBE and ethanol. By doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in
those partsof the countrythat have high carbon monoxide levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are
now producing reformulated
gasolines. These gasolines arespecially designed to reduce vehicle
emissions. General Motors recommends that you use reformulated gasoline.
6-3
By doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those parts of the
country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operators if their gasolines contain
deposit controladditives and oxygenates, and if they have been
reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the U.S. or Canada,
unleaded fuel may be hard to find. Do not use leaded gasoline. If you use
even one tankful, your emission controls won’t work well or at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust system can corrode,
and your engine oil can deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor
will be damaged. All of that means costly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a major oil
company that does business in the country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for advice. Justtell us where
you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario
L l H 8P7
Filling Your Tank
The cap is behind a
hinged door on the
driver’s side of your
vehicle.
6-4
While refueling, hang
the cap inside the fuel
door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left (counterclockwise).
Be careful not to spill gasoline.Clean gasoline from painted surfaces as
soon as possible. See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until you hear a clicking
noise.
6-5
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right type. Your dealer
can get one for you. If you get the wrong type,it may not fit or
have proper venting, and your fuel tank and emissions system
might be damaged.
Checking Things Under the Hood
Hood Release
To open the hood, first
pull the handle inside
the vehicle on the
lower driver’s side of
the instrument panel.
Then go to the front of
the vehicle and release
the secondary hood
release.
6-6
Lift the hood, release
the hood prop from its
retainer and put the
hood prop into theslot
in the hood.
Before closingthe
hood, be sure all the
filler capsare on
properly. Then lift the
hood to relieve
pressure on the hood
Prop.
Remove the hood prop
from the slotin the
hood and return the
prop to its retainer.
6-7
Then just pull the
hood down and close
it firmly.
Engine Oil
-
It’s a good idea to check your engine oilevery time you get fuel. In order to
get an accurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be on
level ground.
Turn off the engine
and give the oil a few
minutes to drain back
into the oil pan. If you
don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the
actual level.
6-8
To Check Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean itwith a paper towel or cloth,then push it
back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down.
When to Add Oil
If the oil isat or below the ADD line, then you’ll need to add some oil. But
you must use the right kind. This
part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t addtoo much oil.If your engine hasso much oil that the
oil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could
be damaged.
Just fill it enough to put the
level somewhere in the proper operatingrange.
Push the dipstickall the way back in when you’re through.
6-9
Whaf Kind of Oil fo Use
Oils of the proper quality for your vehicle can be identified by looking for
the “Starburst” symbol. The“Starburst” symbol indicates that the oil has
been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API), and is preferred
for use inyour gasoline engine.
If you change your own oil, be sure you use oil that has the “Starburst”
symbol on the front of the oilcontainer. If you have your oil changed for
you, be sure the oil put into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasolineengines.
6- 10
You should alsouse the proper viscosity oil for your vehicle, as shown in
the following chart:
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY QRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COW STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAP VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
~~
LOOK
FOR THtS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
t
1
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your vehicle. However, you
can use SAE 1 OW-30 if it's going to be 0°F (-1 SOC) or above. These
numbers on an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 2OW-50.
6-1 1
I NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute
Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to
use the proper oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench@ oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil) meets all the
requirements foryour vehicle.
Engine Oil Additr’ves
Don’t add anything toyour oil. Your GM dealer is ready to adviseif you
think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly
important when outside temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling(such as frequent driving in stop and
go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of your vehicle.
If any one of these is true foryour vehicle, then you need to change your oil
and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months - whichever comes
first.
If none of them is true, change the oil and filter every 7,500 miles (12 500
km)or 12 months - whichever comes first.
Engine Coolant Heater
An engine coolantheater can be a big help if you have to park outside in
very cold weather, 0 O F (-1 8O C) or colder. If your vehicle has this option,
see “Engine Coolant Heater’’ inthe Index.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer?Don’t let used oil stay
on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water,
or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. (Seethe manufacturer’s warnings about the use
and disposal of oil products.)
6 - 12
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you change your own oil,
be sure to drainall free-flowing oil from the filter before disposal. Don’t
ever dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams orbodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it to
a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of
your used oil, ask your dealer, a servicestation or a local recycling center
for help.
Engine Cover
To Remove the Engine Cover:
1. Move both front seats as farback as they will go.
I
2. Remove the
instrument panel
extension by
removing the two
screws and two
nuts.
The screws are
on each side at
the top of the
extension. The
nuts are on the
bottom of the
extension.
6-1 3
3. Grasp the bottom
of the extension.
Lift it up and then
pull it out.
4. Disconnect the
electrical
connector for the
cigarette lighter.
Set the extension
aside.
I
5. Remove the
engine cover
braces that are
located to the
right and left of
the heater duct.
6. Your vehicle may have a screw that attaches the heater duct to the engine
cover. If it does, remove the screw. Grasp the top of the heater duct
and pull
down gently to remove it.
6-14
7. Remove the bolt
from the engine
cover bracket.
8. Loosen the nut
and move the
bracket outof the
way.
9. Lift up on each of
the two latches at
the bottom of the
cover.
6- 15
10. Remove the two
screws at the
engine cover.
Some vehicles
may have
hex-head bolts
instead of screws.
The screws (or
bolts) are not
supposed to come
out of the cover,
only from the
front of the dash.
When removing the cover, be careful not to damage the instrument
panel or the trim.
I 1. Grasp the bottom
of the cover and
slide it
backwards. Then,
lift it up and out
of the vehicle.
To Install the Engine Cover:
1. Lift the engine cover into the vehicle and slide it all the way forward.
Make sure the rubber seal is over the latches.
2. Install the two screws at the engine cover. Do not tighten the screws all
the way.
3. Press down on each of the two latches at the bottom of the cover. Make
sure they are secure.
4. Tighten the two screws at the engine cover.
5. Turn the bracket into position and install the bolt. Tighten the nut at the
other end of the bracket.
6-16
6. Put the heater duct over the engine cover studs. Push up on the duct
gently until it snaps into place.
7. Reconnect the electrical connector for the cigarette lighter.
8. Grasp the bottom of the instrument panel extension and install the top
into the groove first. Then,push the bottom of the extension intoplace.
9. Install the two nuts and two screws on the extension.
Air Cleaner
If you have the 4.3L engine (VIN Code W) with the rectangular air cleaner,
you can change the air cleaner filterwithout removing the engine cover. Just
lift the hood, unsnap both clips and remove the top. After changing the
filter, snapboth clips to secure the air cleaner. Be sure air cleanerlid is
correctly positioned to seal out dust and contaminants that are harmful to
your engine.
Make sure the fresh air hose is still attached after the filter is changed.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to replacethe air
filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-17
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner off,
is a backfire can causea damaging engine
fire. And, dirt caneasily get into your engine,which will damage
it. Always have theair cleaner in place when
you’re driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change
A good time tocheck your automatic transmission fluid level is when the
engine oilis changed. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to change your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this
done at your GM dealer ServiceDepartment.
If you do it yourself, be sure to followall the instructions here, or you could
on the dipstick.
get a false reading
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission.
Too
much can mean that some
of the fluid could come out and fall on
a fire. Be sure
hot engine parts or exhaust system parts, starting
to get an accurate readingif you check your transmission
fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transmission fluid level if you
have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32”C).
0
At high speed for quite awhile.
0
In heavy traffic - especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal operating
temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C).
6- 18
To check transmission fluid hot:Get the vehicle warmed up by driving
about 15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures areabove 50°F (10°C).
If it's colder than 50°F (lO°C), drivethe vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the
engine temperaturegage moves and then remains steady for ten minutes.
Then followthe hot check procedures.
To check transmission fluid cold:
A cold check is made afterthe vehicle
has been sitting for eighthours or more with the engine off and is used only
as a reference. Letthe engine run at idle for fiveminutes if outside
temperatures are50°F (10°C) or more. If it's colder than50°F (lO"C), you
may have to idle the enginelonger. Should the fluid level below during a
cold check,you must perform a hot check before adding fluid. Thiswill
give you a more accurate readingof the fluid level.
To check the fluid hot
or cold
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine running.
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever in PARK (P).
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each
in each range. Then,
gear range, pausing for about three seconds
position the shift leverin PARK (P).
Let the engine run at idle for threeminutes or more.
Then, without shutting off the engine,follow these steps:
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a
clean rag orpaper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and then pull it back out
again.
6-19
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower level. The fluid
level must be in the COLD area for a cold check or in the HOT area or
cross-hatched area for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick back in all
the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission
fluid to use., See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid HOT. (A COLD check
is used only’as a reference.) Ifthe fluid level is low, add only enough of the
proper fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot check. It doesn’t
take much fluid, generally less than a int. Don ’t overjill. We recommend
you use only fluid labeled DEXRON -111, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission. Damage caused by fluid
other than DEXRON@-I11 is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
8
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as described under “How to
Check.”
0
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the dipstick back in all
the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.
6-20
A//- Wheel Drive
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure toperform the lubricant
checks described in this section. However, they have two additional systems
that need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determinehow often to check the
lubricant. See “PeriodicMaintenance Inspections’’ in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the levelis below
the bottom of the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
Add enough lubricant
to raisethe level to the
bottom of the filler
plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to theMaintenance Schedule to determinewhat kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determinehow often to check the
lubricant and when to change it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in
the Index.
6-21
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below
the bottom of the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler
plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants’’ in the Index.
Rear Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the
lubricant and when to change it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index.
-
How to Check Lubricant
6-22
If the level is below
the bottom of the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler
plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determinewhat kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
The following explainsyour cooling system and how to add coolant when it
is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see“Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
The proper coolantfor your vehicle will:
0
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protection up to 262 O F ( 1 28 O C).
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean wafer (preferably distilled) and one-half
antifreeze that meets “GM Specification 6038-M,” which won’t damage
aluminum parts. You can also use arecycled coolant conforming to “GM
Specification 6038-M. Use GM Coolant Supplement (Sealer) with a
complete coolant flush and refill. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to
add anything else.
6-23
NOTICE:
If you usean improper coolant mix,your engine couldoverheat
and be badly damaged. The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty. Too much water in the mix can freezeand crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Some conditions,such as air trapped in the cooling system, can affect the
coolant levelin the radiator. Check the coolant level when the engine iscold
and follow thesteps under “Adding Coolant” for theproper way to add
coolant.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year, have your dealer
check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If YOU use the proper coolant, you don’t have
to add extra
inhibitors or additives which claimto improve the system. These
can be harmful.
Adding Coolant
6-24
To Check Coolant
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at ADD, or a little
higher. When your engine is warm, the level should be up to FULL HOT, or
a little higher.
To Add Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper mix at the coolantrecovery tank.
~~
~
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank,but be careful not to spill it.
6-25
Radiator PressureCap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and
must be tightly installed to prevent coolant
loss and possible
engine damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck.
~
1
1
l
I
When you replace
your radiator pressure
cap, aGM cap is
recommended. See
“Service Replacement
Parts and Filler
Recommendations” in
the Index.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine
coolant system. The thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the
radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat is recommended.
6-26
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap and wipe the
dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then
remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The levelshould be at the FULL COLD mark. Add enough fluid to bring
the level up to the mark.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired.
What to Add
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding power steering fluid or making a complete fluid
change, always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-27
Windshield Washer Fluid
What toUse
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure toread the manufacturer’s
instructions before use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
To Add
NOTICE:
0
When using concentrated washer fluid,follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
DonV mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid
of the washer system.Also, water
tank and other parts
doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tankonly 3/4 full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion,
which could damage the tank
if it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield washer. It
can damage your washer system and paint.
6-28
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons
why the brake fluid level in your master cylinder
might go down. The firstis that the brake fluid goesdown to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When new linings areput in, the
fluid level goesback up. The otherreason is that fluid is leaking out of the
brake system. If it is, you should have your brake system fixed, since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at
all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “topoff’ your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid
won’t correct a leak.If you add fluid when your linings areworn, then
you’ll have too much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, asnecessary, only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
A
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill
on the engine. The
fluid will burnif the engineis hot enough.You or others could
be burned, and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid
only when work is done on the brake hydraulicsystem.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to check your brake
fluid. See “PeriodicMaintenance Inspections” in the Index.
6-29
To Check Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap. Justlook at the
windows on the brake fluid reservoir. The fluid levels should be above MIN.
If they aren’t, have your brake system checked to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system, make sure the levels are
above MIN and below the top of each window.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake fluid - such as
Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part No. 1052535). Use new brake fluid from a
sealed container only, and always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap before
removing it.
@
NOTICE:
Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind
of fluid. For
example, justa few drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
so
oil, in your brake system can damage brake system parts
badly thatthey’ll have to be replaced.
Brake fluid can damage paint,
so be careful not to spill brake
fluid on yourvehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately. See
“Appearance Care” in the Index.
6-30
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed. The
sound may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads could result in
costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake squeal when the
brakes are first applied or lightly applied. This doesnot mean something is
wrong with your brakes.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if you ever hear a
rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear brake linings inspected. Also, the
rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing.When you have the front brakes replaced,
have the rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to normal height, or if
there is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear.
If your brake pedal goes down Farther than normal, your rear drum brakes
may need adjustment. Adjust them by backing up and firmly applying the
brakes a few times.
6-3 1
Replacing Brake SystemParts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its many parts have to
be of top qualityand work well together if the vehicleis to have really good
braking. Vehicles we design and test have topquality GM brake parts in
them, as your vehicle does when it is new. When you replace parts of your
braking system -for example, when your brake liningswear down and
you have to havenew ones put in -be sureyou get new genuine GM
replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that arewrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes can change -for
the worse. Thebraking performance you’ve come to expect canchange in
many other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Hydro-Boost Brake System
The power steering pump also powers the Hydro-Boost. Refer to “Power
Steering Fluid”in this sectionwhen checking the fluid level oradding fluid.
Battery
Every new vehicle has a Delco Freedom’ battery. You never have to add
water to one of these. When it’s time for a new battery, we recommend a
Delco Freedom’ battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the originalbattery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or more, take off the
black, negative (-) cable from the battery. This will help keep your battery
from running down.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle for longer storage
periods.
6-32
For more information on vehicle storage, contactyour dealer’s service
department, or write to:
Adistra Corporation
171 Hamilton Street
Plymouth, MI 48 170
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada, Limited
Customer Services Department
Oshawa, Ontario L l J 5Z6
Fluid Leak Check
After the vehicle hasbeen parked for awhile, inspect the surface beneath the
vehicle forwater, oil, fuel or other fluids.Water dripping from the air
conditioning system is normal. If you notice fuel leaksor fumes, the causes
should be foundand corrected at once.
Bulb Replacement
Before replacing any bulbs, make sure all lights areoff and the vehicleis
not running.
Sealed Beam Headlamps
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the four
screws from the
headlamp bezel.
Pull the bezel out
so you can see
the parkingkurn
signal sockets.
3. Press the tab and turn the socket counterclockwiseto remove the socket
from the bezel.If the socketdoes not have a tab, turn the socket
counterclockwise. Set thebezel aside.
4. Remove the four retainer screwsand the retainer.
6-33
5. Pull the
connector out and
unplug the lamp.
6. Install the new
bulb into the
connector.
7. Reverse Steps
1-5 to reinstall
the headlamp.
Halogen Bulbs
A CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside
and can burst if you
drop orscratch the bulb. You or others could beinjured. Take
special care when handling and disposing of halogen bulbs.
NOTICE:
Avoid touching the bulb or letting it come in contact with
anything damp. Oilfrom your skin or moisture on the bulb can
cause the bulb to explode whenit is turned on. If either comes in
contact with the bulb, clean it with alcohol
or a suitable
degreaser and wipe the bulb dry.
6-34
Composite Headlamps
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the two
screws from the
side markedturn
signal lamp.
3. Completely
remove the
sidemarker/turn
signal lamp by
pulling out the
assembly and
disconnecting the
side markedturn
signal lamp
sockets from the
lamp.
I
4. Remove the
screw located
behind the corner
reflector in order
to remove the
entire corner
reflector.
6-35
5 . Remove the
remaining three
screws; the first
one from the
corner reflector
pocket and the
two remaining
from the
composite
assembly.
6. Remove the
composite
assembly.
7. Turn the
halogen bulb
counterclockwise
to remove it from
the assembly.
8. Install the new bulb into the composite assembly by turning it
clockwise until it is completely tightened.
9. Replace the composite assembly by installing and tightening all of the
screws previously removed.
6-36
Front Parlcrrurn Signal Lamps (Composite and
Sealed Beam)
1. Remove the two screws at the inside edge of the parking/turn signal
lamp assembly.
2. Remove +helamp awmbly.
3. Squeeze the tab
on the sideof the
lamp socket while
turning the socket
counterclockwise.
4. Pull the socket out of the lamp assembly.
5. Pull the bulb from the socket.
6. Gently push the new bulb into the socket.
7. h t the socket back into the lampassembly and turn it clockwise until it
locks.
8. Put the parking/turn signal lamp assembly back into the vehicle and
tighten the screws.
6-37
Rear Lamps
I . Open the rear door.
n
2. Remove the two
screws from
behind the door.
3. Pull out the rear
lamp assembly s
you can see the
socket.
i
4. Press the tab and
turn the socket
counterclockwise
to remove the
socket from the
bezel. If the
socket does not
have a tab, turn
the socket
counterclockwise
to remove the
socket from the
bezel.
6-38
5. Pull out the bulb
and replace it
with the new
bulb.
6. Reverse Steps
1-4 to reinstall
the rear lamp.
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL)
I
Other Maintenance Items
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
To replace your
windshield wiper
blade inserts, lift the
wiper arm away from
the windshield. Pinch
the two tabs on the
wiper arm and slide
the insert out of the
blade. Slide the new
one in place. Make
sure the tabs are
locked into position.
6-39
Air Conditioning
Every now and then have your dealership check your air conditioning
system to be sure it has not lost any cooling ability. If you think the system
is notworking properly, have your dealership check it out as soon as
possible.
The air conditioningwill not work when the temperature is below 40°F
(4°C).
Lock Cylinders
To be sure your locks operateproperly, they must be lubricated.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to lubricatethem
and what type of lubricant touse.
You should not use penetrating oils because they could wash out the factory
installed lubricant and cause the lock to bind. De-icers which contain
alcohol could alsowash away the lubricant, so be sure tolubricate the lock
after using a de-icer of this type.
Exhaust System
To help preventdamage to your exhaust system, do not continue to drive
your vehicle if you notice:
0
Engine misfiring
Loss of performance
Exhaust system components hanging lower than normal.
Loud exhaust system noises.
Other unusual operating conditions
Have your engine and exhaust system serviced regularly.
Three-way Catalytic Converter
Your vehicle’s three-way catalytic converter isdesigned to reduce the
pollutants in your vehicle’s exhaust. Use only unleaded fuel inyour vehicle.
If you use leaded fuel, you could damage your three-way catalytic converter
and other enginecomponents.
Engine ControlModule System
This system has an oxygen (02) sensor that helps keep your engine’s
air-fuel mixture ata proper level. Use only unleaded fuel in your vehicle. If
you use leaded fuel,you could damage your oxygen (02) sensor and affect
your vehicle’s emissions.
6-40
Malfunction lndicator Lamp
(SERVICE ENGINE SOON LIGHT)
This lighton your instrument panel lets you know when your emission
system needs service. The lightwill come on briefly when you start your
engine to let you know that the system is working. If it doesnot come on
when you start your engine, or if it comes on and stays on while you’re
driving, your system may need service. Your vehicle should still be
driveable, but you should have your system serviced right away.
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with high quality tires made
by a leading tiremanufacturer. These tires arewarranted by the tire
manufacturers and their warrantiesare delivered with every new vehicle. If
your spare tireis a differentbrand than your road tires, you will have a tire
warranty folder from eachof these manufacturers.
6-41
lnflation - Tire Pressure
The CertificatiodTirelabel which is on the rear edge of the driver’s door,
shows the correct inflation pressures for your tires, when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting forat least three hours or driven
no more than a mile.
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you
that underinflation or overinflation is
all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t have enoughair
(underinflation) you can get:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too muchair (overinflation), you can get:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire pressure. Simply looking
at the tires will not tell you the pressure, especially if you have radial tires
- which may look properly inflated even if they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps, be sure toput them back on. They help prevent
leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
6-42
Tire lnspection and Rotation
Tires should be inspected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles ( 10 000 to 13 000 km)
for any signs of unusual wear. If unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires
or wheels. See“When It’s Time for New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement”
later in this section for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more uniform wear for all tires
on the vehicle. The first rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled rotation intervals.
When rotating your
tires, always use the
correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation pressures
as shown on the Certification/Tire label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
6-43
When It’s Time for New Tires
Tread Wear
Indicators
One way to tell when
it’s time for new tires
is to check the
treadwear indicators,
which will appear
when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6
mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if:
You can see the indicators at three or more places around the tire.
You can see cord or fabricshowing through the tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep enough to show
cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or otherdamage that can’t be repaired well
because of the size or location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the
CertificatiodTire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had a Tire Performance
Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) number on each tire’s sidewall. When you
get new tires, get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way, your
vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and other things during
normal service on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a TPCSpec number,
make sure they are the same size,load range, speed rating and construction
type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-44
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to the
system developed by the United
States NationalHighway Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires
by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States.)
Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the
tire when tested under controlled conditionson a specified government test
course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 112)
times as wellon the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual conditionsof their use,
however, and may depart significantlyfrom the norm due to variationsin
driving habits, servicepractices and differences in road characteristics and
climate.
Traction - A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are:A, B, and C. They represent
the tire’s ability to stopon wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfacesof asphalt and concrete. A
tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire isbased on braking
(straight-ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning)
traction.
Temperature - A, 9, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and C, representing the tire’s
resistance to the generationof heat and its ability to dissipate heatwhen
tested under controlled conditionson a specified indoor laboratory test
wheel. Sustainedhigh temperature can cause thematerial of the tire to
degenerate and reduce tire life,and excessive temperaturecan lead to
6-45
sudden tire failure. The gradeC corresponds toa level of performance
which all passenger cartires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
Warning: The temperature grade forthis tire is established for a tire that is
properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, eitherseparately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
These grades aremolded on the sidewalls of passenger cartires.
While the tires available asstandard or optional equipment on General
Motors vehicles may vary with respect to these grades,all such tires meet
General Motors performance standards and have been approved for use on
General Motors vehicles. All passenger type (P Metric) tires must conform
to Federal safety requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced carefully at the
factory to give you the longest tire life and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels aligned again.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling one way or
the other, the alignmentmay need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels may need to be
rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, orbadly rusted or corroded. If
wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts
should be replaced.If the wheel leaks air, replace it(except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your GM dealer if any of
these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying capacity, diameter,
width, offset, and be mounted the same way as the one it replaces.
6-46
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts,
replace them only with new GM original equipment parts. This way, you
will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your
GM model.
A
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts,or wheel nuts
on your vehicle can bedangerous. It could affectthe braking
and handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air and make
you lose control.You could have a collisionin which you or
others could be injured. Always usethe correctwheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts forreplacement.
I NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life,
brake cooling, speedometer/odometercalibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height, vehicleground clearance, and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
Used Replacement Wheels
A CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is dangerous.You can’t
know howit’s been used or how many miles it’s been driven.
It
could fail suddenly and cause an accident. If you have to replace
a wheel usea new GM original equipment wheel.
6-47
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle hasP235/65R15 size tires, don’t use tire chains;
they can damage your
vehicle.
If you have othersize tires, use tire chains only where
legal and
only whenyou must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains that
are the propersize for yourtires. Install them on the rear axle
tires and tighten themas tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowlyand follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the chains
contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten them.
If the contact
continues, slow down until itstops. Driving too fast or spinning
the wheels with chains on
will damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some aretoxic. Others can
burst into flameif you strike amatch or get them on a hot part of the
vehicle. Some aredangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a containerto clean your vehicle, be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always open your
doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these toclean your vehicle:
Gasoline
0
Benzene
0
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous - some more than others - and they can all
damage your vehicle, too.
6-48
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can. In many uses, these
will damage your vehicle:
0
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
0
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl or
leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your GM dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type spot lifter and a
foam-type powdered cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. Do not use them on vinyl or leather.
Here are somecleaning tips:
0
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can - before they set.
0
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area often. A soft
brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. If you use
them, don’t saturate the stained area.
0
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire area immediately or
it will set.
Using Foam-Type CIeaner on Fabric
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
0
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask surrounding trim
along stitch or welt lines.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the directions on the
container label.
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
0
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge to remove the
suds.
6-49
Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat lamp.
NOTICE:
Be careful. A blow dryer may scorch the fabric.
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Some spotsand
stains will clean off better with just water and mild soap.
If you need to use a solvent:
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with a clean, dull knife or
scraper. Use very little cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should startat the outside of the stain, “feathering”
toward the center. Keep changingto a clean section of the cloth.
0
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry the area with a
blow dryer to help prevent a cleaningring. (See the previous NOTICE.)
Fabric Protection
Your vehicle has upholstery that has been treated with Scotchgard” Fabric
Protector, a 3M product. Scotchgard“ protects fabrics by repelling oil and
water, which are the carriers of most stains. Even with this protection, you
still need to clean your upholstery often to keep it looking new.
Further information on cleaning is available by calling 1-800-433-3296 (in
Minnesota, 1-800-642-6 167).
Special Cleaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with
cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams,vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and
asphalt can be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle
seat fabric. They should be removed as soon as possible. Be careful,
because the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
4-50
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit,fruit juice, milk, soft
drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can be removed as follows:
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the soiled area with cool
water.
0
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions describedearlier.
0
If an odor lingers after cleaningvomit or urine, treat the area with a
watedbaking soda solution: 1 teaspoon ( 5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup
(250 ml) of lukewarm water.
0
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown
stains can be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with cool water and allow
to dry.
0
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You may have to do it
more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them
off quickly. Use a clean cloth and a solvent-type vinyl cleaner.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument
panel. Sprays containing siliconesor waxes may cause annoying reflections
in the windshield and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
6-5 1
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
Glass
Glass shouldbe cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner(GM Part No. 1050427)
or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke and
dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleanerson glass, because they may cause scratches.
Avoid placing decalson the inside rearwindow, since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners areused on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged. Any temporary
license shouldnot be attached across the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the Windshield,
Backglass and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear afterusing the windshield washer, or if the
wiper blade chatterswhen running, wax or other material may be on the
blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami
Powder@ (GM Part No. 1050011). The windshield is clean if beads do not
form when you rinse itwith water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone greaseon weatherstrips will make them last longer, seal better, and
not stick or squeak.Apply silicone greasewith a clean cloth at least every
six months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent application may
be required. (See “Recommended Fluids & Lubricants’’ in the Index.)
6-52
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth of color, gloss
retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean by washing
it often with lukewarm orcold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct raysof the sun. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents.Use liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild
detergent) soaps. Don’tuse cleaning agentsthat are petroleum based, orthat
contain acid or abrasives.All cleaning agentsshould be flushed promptly
and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or a 100%cotton towel to avoid surface scratches
and water spotting.
High pressure vehicle washes may cause water t0 eater your vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by hand may be
necessary to remove residue from the paint finish. You can get GM
approved cleaning products fromyour dealer. (See “Appearance Careand
Materials’’ in the Index.)
Your vehicle has a “basecoatjclearcoat”paint finish. The clearcoat gives
more depth and gloss to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes and
polishes that arenon-abrasive and made fora basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on a
basecoatklearcoat paint finishmay dull the finish or leave swirl
marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chlorideand other salts,ice melting
agents, road oil and tar, tree sap,bird droppings, chemicals fromindustrial
chimneys, etc.can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that aremarked safe for painted surfaces
to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subjectto aging, weather and chemical fallout
that can take theirtoll over aperiod of years. You can help to keep thepaint
finish lookingnew by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered whenever
possible.
6-53
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal
Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to keep their luster. Washing
with water is all that is usually needed. However,you may use GM Chrome
Polish on chrome or stainlesssteel trim, if necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid damaging protective trim,
never use auto orchrome polish, steam or caustic soapto clean aluminum.
A coating of wax, rubbed to high polish, is recommended for all bright
metal parts.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similarto the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps, chemicals, chrome polish,
abrasive cleaners or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because you could
damage this coating.After rinsing thoroughly, a wax may be applied.
NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an automatic vehicle
wash that has hard silicon carbide cleaning brushes. These
brushes can take the protective coating
off your aluminum
wheels.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush witha tire cleaner.
When applying atire dressing always take care towipe off any overspray or
splash from painted surfaces. Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal repair or replacement,
make sure the body repair shop applies anti-corrosionmaterial to the parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
6-54
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches
in the finish should be repaired
right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly and may develop into a major
repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can berepaired with touch-up materials available
from your dealer or other serviceoutlets. Larger areasof finish damagecan
be corrected in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust control can collect on
the underbody. If these are not removed, accelerated corrosion(rust) can
occur on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan,and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the underbody with plain
water. Clean any areas where mud and other debriscan collect. Dirt packed
in closed areasof the frame should be loosened before being flushed. Your
dealer oran underbody vehicle washing system can do this for you.
Chemical PaintSpotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a chemical fallout.
Airborne pollutants can fall upon and attack painted surfaces on your
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will repair, at no charge
to the owner, the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this falloutcondition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase, whichever
comes first.
6-55
Appearance Care Materials Chart
PART
NUMBER
1050172
SIZE
PRODUCT
USAGE
16 oz. (0.473L)
TarandRoad
Oil Remover
Removes old
waxes, polishes,
tar and road oil
1050173
16 oz. (0.473L)
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Removes rust
and corrosion on
chrome and
stainless steel
1050174
16 oz. (0.473L) White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
32 oz. (0,9461) VinyVLeather
Cleaner
Cleans white
and black tires
Spot and stain
removal on
leather or vinyl
I050244
16 oz. (0.473L)
Spot and stain
removal on cloth
and fabric
1050427
23 oz. (0.680L) Glass Cleaner
Glass cleaning
and spot
cleaning on
vinyls
1050429
6 lbs. (2.72 kg)
Multi-Purpose
Powder Cleaner
1050729
8 oz. (0.237L)
1051055
16 oz. (0.4731)
Vinyl Top
Cleaner
Preservatone
1051398
8 oz. (0.237L)
Spot Lifter
1052870
16 oz. (0.473L)
105020 1
16 oz. (0.473L)
Wash-Wax
(conc.)
Magic Mirror
Cleaner-Polish
Cleans vinyl and
cloth on door
trim, seats, and
carpet-also
tires and mats
Cleaning of
vinyl tops
Vinyl top
dressing
Spot and stain
removal on cloth
and fabric
Exterior wash
1050214
Fabric Cleaner
6-56
Exterior cleaner
and polish
Vehicle IdentificationNumber (VIN)
Q
TESTVNXX3XXQ09696 0
This is the legal identifier for
your vehicle. It appearson a plate in the front
corner of the instrument panel, on the driver’s side.You can see itif you
look through the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on theVehicle Certification and Service Parts labelsand the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code. This codewill help
you identify your engine, specifications,and replacement parts.
6-57
I-
0
0
I
7
I
6-58
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of the glove box door.
WHEELBASE
DO NOT REMOVE
Service Parts Identification
7
OObbO
00000
89K C60 D1B D35 E 5 2 E6E E 9 2 FLT GU1 J M 7
LC3 M X l M 3 1 NA5 NE1 QMXVK3 VC2 VY1VY4
K19K64
1
MODELOESIGNATlON
OPTIONCONTENT
V 7 3 Y19 ZJ7
6BJ 62L 62U 6 7 0 6 7 1 6 7 9 7BJ 8HJ 9HJ
1
I
I
I
PAINTTECHNOLOGY
ORDER NUMBER
EXTERIOR COLORS
It
s very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information, and
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that thislabel is not removed from the vehicle.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle unless you check
with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t
be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has a facial airbag system. Before attempting toadd anything
electrical toyour vehicle, see “Servicing Your Facial Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle” in the Index.
6-59
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuitsin your vehicle are protected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses, circuit breakers, and fusible thermal links in the
wiring itself. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical
problems. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index for more
information.
Headlamps
The headlamp wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in the lamp switch.
An electrical overloadwill cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some
cases to remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit breaker and a fuse. If
the motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the
motor cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical problem and not
snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or goes
away.
Trailer Wiring Harness
The optionaleight-wire trailer wiring harness is protected by an in-line fuse
in the battery feed wire. This fuse isnear the junction block, See“Trailer
Wiring Harness” in the Index.
6-60
Fuse Block
The fuse block is in
the instrument panel
on the driver’s side.
Remove the cover
with a screwdriver.
You can remove fuses
with a fuseextractor.
To remove fuses if you don’t have a fuse extractor,hold the end of the fuse
between your thumb and index fingerand pull straight out.
Be sure to use the correct fuse. If you ever have a problem on the road and
don’t have a spare fuse,you can “borrow” one of the correct value. Just pick
some feature of your vehicle that you can get alongwithout-like the radio
or cigarettelighter-and use its fuse, if it is of the value you need. Replace
it as soon as you can. See“Fuses and Circuit Breakers”in this section.
Capacities and Specification Charts
Replacement Parts
Replacement part numbers listed in this section are based on the latest
information available at the time of printing, and are subjectto change. If a
part listed in this manual is not the same as the part used in your vehicle
when it was built, or if you have any questions, please contact your GM
truck dealer.
6-61
Engine identification
Engine Description
4.3L
Type
VIN Code
Fuel System
V6
W
CPI**
Produced By
us.
Emissions
L.D.
**Central Port Fuel Injection
Wheel Nut Torque
DESCRIPTION
Base or Optional Wheel
TORQUE
100 ft. lbs. (140 Nom)
Cooling System Capacity
ENGINE
CODE
VIN
4.3L
QUANTITY*
Without Rear
Heater
13.5 Quarts
(12.8 Liters)
W
QUANTITY*
With Rear
Heater
16.5 Quarts
( 15.5 Liters)
*All quantities areapproximate. After refill, the level MUST be checked.
Crankcase Capacity
ENGINE
VIN CODE
4.3L
w
QUANTITY*
With Filter
4.5 Quarts (4.3 Liters)
*All quantities areapproximate. After refill, the level MUST be checked.
Do not overfill.
Fuel Tank Capacity
TYPE
Standard Tank
QUANTITY*
27 Gallons ( 102 Liters)
*All quantities areapproximate.
6-62
Lamp and Bulb Data
EXTERIOR LAMPS
Halogen Headlamps Sealed Beam
Halogen Headlamps Composite
Halogen Headlamps Composite
Park, Signal Lamp
Rear, Stop Lamps
Marker Lamps
Backup Lamp
License Lamp
CHMSL Assembly
INTERIOR LAMPS
Dome Lamp (w/oRoof
Console)
Dome Lamp(with
Roof Console)
Glove Box Lamp
Heater & AC Control
Visor Vanity Mirror
Lamps
Stepwell Lamp
Reading Lamp (with
Roof Console)
Reading Lamp (w/o
Roof Console)
Ashtray Lamp
Heater or N C Control
QUANTITY
2
TRADE NO.
H6054
2
9006 (Low Beam)
2
9005 (High Beam)
2
2
4
2
1
1 Unit
3 157NA
2057
194
1156
194
See GMDealer
2
211-2
3
211-2
1
2
4
194
37
194
3
4
211-2
906
2
906
1
2
161
194
6-63
Instrument Cluster Lamps
NOTE: A PC part number indicates that the bulb and base are one
assembly and must be replaced
as such.
General Indicator
Lamp?
Instrument Cluster
1llum.T
Headlamp Beam
Indicator Lamp?'
Headlamp Beam
Indicator Lamp$
1
PC74
1
PC94
Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (Service Engine
Soon)?
1
PC74
Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (Service Engine
Soon)$
1
PC 194
PC74
PC161
Directional Indicator?
PC74
Directional Indicator$
PC 194
Brake Warning
Indicator Lamp?
Brake Warning
Indicator Lamp$
Transmission Indicator
Dial$
PC74
PC 194
PC 194
Safety BeltWarning?
PC74
Safety BeltWarning$
PC194
Daytime Running
Lamps Indicator?
Daytime Running
Lamps Indicator$
Anti-lock Warning
Indicator?
Anti-lock Warning
Indicator$
Air Bag?
Air Bag$
PC74
2
PC161
2
PC74
2
PC 194
2
2
PC74
PC 194
?With Standard Cluster
$With Digital Cluster
6-64
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
4673
??BAT!?
d
ClRlERK
INST LPS
u
ls.l
30 PWR ACC
AUX HTR A/C
CIG LTRlDM
GAGES
STOPlHAZ
€9
1r
E3 I- T
I
HRN/TL LPS
TURN -B/U
HTR A/C
RADIO
n r '
ECM
10
10
B
ECM 1
30 PWR WDO
AIR BAG
BRAKE
I
0
ClRiBRK
%
4
2J
u
25
WIPER
I
3
FRONT
Fuse Legend
0
5 Amp - Tan
0
7.5 Amp - Brown
0
10 Amp - Red
0
15 Amp - Blue
0
20 Amp - Yellow
25 Amp - Clear
0
30 Amp - Green
6-65
NAME
INST LPS
PWR ACCY
CIG LTFUDM
GAGES
AUX
HTR-A/C
STOP-HA2
HORN/TL
LMPS
TURN-BAJ
CIRCUITS
PROTECTED
Instrument Panel
Lamps, Radio
Dial Lamps,
Heater Lamps
Power Door
Locks, Power
Seat
Digital Clock,
Cigarette
Lighter, Dome
Lights, Radio
Memory, Glove
Box Lamp
Instrument
Cluster Gages,
Brake Switch,
Audio Alarm.
Headlight
Switch
Illumination,
Ash Tray
Illumination
FUSE
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
10 Amp
30 Amp
20 Amp
20 Amp
25 Amp
Auxiliary
Heater-Rear
AIC (if
equipped)
Stop Lamps,
Hazard Flash,
Digital
Instrument
Cluster
Headlamp
Switch, Rear
and Parking
Lamps, Horn
Relay
Direction Signal
Flash, Back Up
Lamps
20 Amp
20 Amp
20 Amp
6-66
CIRCUITS
PROTECTED
FUSE
HTR A/C
Front Heater &
Air
Conditioning
20 Amp
RADIO
Radio
Engine Control
Module
15 Amp
10 Amp
PWR WDO
Engine Control
Module
Power Windows
AIR BAG
Air Bag
WIPER
Windshield
Wiper
Anti-Lock
Brake System,
Speedometer,
Cruise Control
10 Amp
25 Amp
NAME
ECM B
ECM I
BRAKE
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
15 Amp
30 Amp
15 Amp
DRL**
Canadian
Daytime
Running Lamps
10 Amp
PWR
MIRRORS*
TRAILER*
rower Mirror
3 Amp
Trailer Wiring
Harness
30 Amp
*In-line fuse
**Canada only
***In-line fuse (certain models)
6-67
Service Replacement Part and Filter
Recommendations
ENGINE (VIN)
OIL FILTER
AIR CLEANER
FILTER
PCV VALVE
SPARK PLUGS*
FUEL FILTER
RADIATOR CAP
4.3L (W)
PF52
A1163C
cv774c
CR43TSM
GF48 1
RC27
*Use copper-cored resistor type spark plugs.
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioningrefrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning
system in your vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is
used. If you’re not sure, ask your GM dealer. For additional information, see
your “Warranty and Owner Assistance Information” booklet.
Refrigerant should be added only by a qualified A/Ctechnician.
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity
TYPE
R-l34a
R-134a
SYSTEM
C-60* *
C-69***
QUANTITY*
2.00 lbs. (.91 kg)
3.00 lbs. (1.36 kg)
*All Quantities Are Approximate
**Front A/C Only
***Front & Rear A/C
NOTICE:
R-134a refrigerant is not compatible withR-12 refrigerant in
an air conditioning system.R-12 in an R-134a system will cause
compressor failure, refrigerant oil sludge, or poor air
conditioning system performance.
6-68
Scheduled Maintenance Services
Section
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE
AS RECOMMENDED
This section covers themaintenance required foryour vehicle. Your vehicle
needs these services to retain its safety, dependability and emission control
performance.
Protection
I
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan supplementsyour
new vehiclewarranties. See your GM dealer for details.
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps tokeep your vehicle in good
working condition, but also helpsthe environment. All recommended
maintenance procedures areimportant. Improper vehicle maintenance or the
removal of important components can significantly affect the quality of the
air we breathe. Improper fluid levels oreven the wrong tire inflation can
increase the levelof emissions fromyour vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good condition, please
maintain your vehicle properly.
7-1
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”shows what to have done and
how often. Someof these services can be complex, so unless you are
technically qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should let your
dealer’s service department or anotherqualified service center do these jobs.
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your vehicle, you will
probably want to get the service information GM publishes. See “Service
Publications” in the Index.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you what should be checked
whenever you stop for fuel. It also explainswhat you can easily do to help
keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”explains important
inspections that your GM dealer’s service department or anotherqualified
service center should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”lists some products GM
recommends to help keep your vehicle properly maintained. These products,
or their equivalents, should be used whether you do the work yourself or
have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record”provides a place for you to record the
maintenance performed on your vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is
performed, be sure to write it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done. In addition, it is a
good idea to keep your maintenance receipts. They may be needed to
qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
7-2
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at GeneralMotors want to help you keep your vehicle in good working
condition. But we don’t know exactly how you’ll driveit. You may drive
very short distances onlya few times a week. Or you may drive long
distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to do errands orin many
other ways.
Because of all the differentiYi@ people use their GM vehicles, maintenance
needs vary. You may even need more frequent checksand replacements than
you’ll find in the schedules in this section. So please read this sectionand
note how you drive. If you have any questions on how to keep your vehicle
in good condition, see your GM dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance servicesyou should have done and when
you should schedule them.If you go to your dealer foryour service needs,
you’ll know that GM-trained and supported servicepeople will perform the
work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluidsand lubricants touse are listedin Part D. Make sure
whoever services your vehicle uses these. All parts should be replaced and
all necessary repairs donebefore you or anyone else drivesthe vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended limits. You will find
these limits on your vehicle’s CertificatiodTire label. See “Loading
Your Vehicle’’ in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal driving limits.
use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel’’ in the Index.
Selecting the RightSchedu/e
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is right for your
vehicle. Here’s how to decide which schedule to follow:
1-3
I Schedule I Definition
I
Follow Maintenance Schedule I if any one of these is true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly
important when outside temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensiveidling (such as frequent driving in stop and
go traffic).
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of your vehicle.
Schedule I should also be followed if the vehicle is used for delivery
service, police, taxi, or other commercial application.
I Schedule I Intervals
I
Every 3,000 Miles (5000 km) or 3 Months
Engine Oil and Filter Change
Chassis Lubrication
Drive Axle Service
At 6,000 Miles (10 OOO km)
- Then Every 12,000 Miles (25OOO km)
Tire Rotation
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs
first) (2WD Only)
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Air Cleaner FilterReplacement
Spark Plug Replacement
Fuel Filter Replacement
Cooling System Service (orevery 24 months, whichever occurs first)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditionsonly)
7-4
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Engine Timing Check
Fuel Tank. CaD and Lines Inspection
I
Schedule 11 Definition
Follow Schedule I1 only if none of the conditions from Schedule I is true.
Sohedule I1 Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
Engine Oil and Filter Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first)
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first)
Drive Axle Service
At 7,500Miles (12 500 km) - Then Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Cooling System Service (orevery 24 months, whichever occurs first)
Spark Plug Replacement
Fuel Filter Replacement
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs
first (2WD Only)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions)
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
7-5
I Maintenance Schedule I
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles ( 166 000 km)
should be performed after 100,000 miles (166 000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
f The CaliforniaAir Resources Board has determined that the failure to
perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or
limit recall liabilityprior to the completion of vehicle useful life. We,
however, urge that all recommended maintenance services be performed at
the indicated intervalsand the maintenance be recorded.
** Drive axle
service:
Locking Differential - Drain fluid and refill at first engineoil change.
At subsequent oil changes, check fluid level and add fluid as needed. If
driving in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill every
15,000 miles (25 000 km).
Standard Differential - Check fluid level and add fluid as needed at
every oil change. If driving in dusty areas ortowing a trailer, drain
fluid and refill every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
More frequent lubrication may be required for heavy-duty use.
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-6
**
I T ~ R V I C E DB Y
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (orevery 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
and king pin bushings,
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage,
parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (orevery 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
and add fluid as needed. Check
0 Check readfront axle fluid level
constant velocity jointsand axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED B Y
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage,
parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (orevery 6 months,
whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid leveland add fluid as needed.Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-7
I
SERVICED BY:
I
I
~
Maintenance Schedule I
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking. **
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BY
75,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension,
ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Inspect air cleaner filter
if you are drivingin dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-8
SERVICED BY:
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. **
17
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
17 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-9
**
SERVICED BY:
I
I
Maintenance Schedule I
24,000 Miles(40 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first),
17
I
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking. **
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
I
SERVICED BY:
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). A; Emission Control Serviie.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
F
7- 10
SERVICED B Y
I
Maintenance ScheduleI
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check redfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See“Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.An Emission
Control Service.
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only:Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleanerfilter. Replace filter more often under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-1 1
I
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I
33,000 Miles (55000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage,parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
J
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
7- 12
SERVICED BY:
I
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
rI1 Change engine oiland filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oilchange (or every6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
:
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (orevery 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed.Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7- 13
SERVICED BY:
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months. whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel
Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Inspect air cleaner filterif you are drivingin dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
i
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-1 4
SERVICED BY:
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluidand filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one ormore of these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperatureregularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
-
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid
and filter do not require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (orevery 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
and king pin bushings,
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (orevery 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfrontaxle fluid leveland add fluid asneeded. Check
constant velocity jointsand axle seals for leaking.**
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7- 15
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axlefluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.““
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at everyoil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid leveland add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
7-16
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first),
0 Inspect engine accessory drivebelt. An Emission Control Service.
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See“Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure capand neck.
Pressure test the coolingsystem and pressure cap. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter more often under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, capand lines for damageor leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control
Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-17
SERVICED B Y
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axlefluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
BY:
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage,parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I DATE I ACTUALMILEAGE I
7- 18
SERVICED BY:
I
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
?
72,000 Mi/es (120 000km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking
brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs atevery oil change (or every6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking,**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7- 19
SERVICED B Y
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or ateach brake relining, whichever occurs first).
U Inspect air cleaner filterif you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service.
0 Check readfront axle tluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
0
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
7-20
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
81,000 Miles(135 000 km)
0 C h i f i g iifigine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parkingbrake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed.Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
~
r
~~
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
I
84,000 Miles (140000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springsat every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-21
I
SERVICED BY:
I
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
~~~
~
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
90,000 Miles (150 000km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See“Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission
Control Service.
(Continued)
7-22
Maintenance Schedule I
(Continued)
0 Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleanerfilter. Replace filtermore often under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change(or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level
and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
7-23
r
I Maintenance Schedule I
1
96,000 Miles(160 000km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
99,000 Miles (165000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 6 months,
whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axlefluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-24
SERVICED BY:
I Schedule
Maintenance
1
I
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperatureregularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
-
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid
and filter donot require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-25
SERVICED B Y
Maintenance Schedule II
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km)
should beperformed after 100,000 miles (1 66 000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
3- The CaliforniaAir Resources Board has determined that the failure to
perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or
limit recallliability prior to the completion of vehicle useful life. We,
however, urge that all recommended maintenance services be performed at
the indicated intervalsand the maintenance be recorded.
** Drive
axle service:
Locking Differential - Drain fluid and refill at first engine oil change.
At subsequent oil changes, check fluid level and add fluid as needed. If
driving in dusty areas ortowing a trailer, drain fluid and refill every
15,000 miles (25 000 km).
Standard Differential - Check fluid level and add fluid as needed at
every engine oil change.If driving in dusty areas ortowing a trailer,
drain fluid and refill every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
More frequent lubrication may be required for heavy-duty use.
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-26
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I I
15y000Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (or every 12months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parkingbrake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or
every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
22,500 Miles (37500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage,parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid leveland add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity jointsand axle seals forleaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-27
SERVICED B Y
IMaintenance Schedule II
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer caseshift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (orat each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first).See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission
Control Service.
Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service. -f0 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkage and transfer case shiftlinkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
(Continued)
7-28
II
ISchedule
Maintenance
I
(Continued)
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED
BY:
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage,parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid leveland add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-29
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule II
50,000 Miles (83000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions,the fluid
and filter do not require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (orevery 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-30
SERVICED BY:
ISchedule
Maintenance
I
II
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every I2 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
cl Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.“’”
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission Conrrol Service.
Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). See“Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An E1nission
Corztrol Service.
0 Replace spark plugs. AI?Emission Cot~trolService.
0 Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control Servica. -1
Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control
Service. -i-
r
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-3 1
SERVICED BY:
I
Maintenance nSchedule
II
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0 Change engine oiland filter (orevery 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid asneeded. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’?in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage,parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-32
SERVICED BY:
I Maintenance Schedule II
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension,ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.*:’”
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first).See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure testthe cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission
Control Service.
(Continued)
7-33
Schedule
IMaintenance
I
II
(Continued)
0 Replace spark plugs. AFIEmission Control Service.
0 Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspect fuel cap gasket forany damage.
Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
Change engineoil and filter (orevery 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints and king pin bushings,
steering linkageand transfer case shift linkage, parking brake cable
guides, and brake pedal springs at every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals forleaking.**
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-34
SERVICED BY:
I Maintenance ScheduleII
I
100,000 Miles (166000 km)
Change automatic transmission fluidand filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one or more of these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperatureregularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
-
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid
and filter donot require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Part 9: vwner Checks and Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which should be performed at
the intervals specifiedto help ensure thesafety, dependability and emission
control performanceof your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs arecompleted at once. Wheneverany fluids
or lubricants areadded to your vehicle, make surethey are the proper ones,
as shown in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant to pegorm these
underhood checksat each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level
Check the engine oil leveland add the proper oil if necessary. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index for further details.
7-35
Engine Coolant Level
Check the enginecoolant level and add the proper coolant mix if necessary.
See “Coolant” inthe Index for furtherdetails.
Windshield WasherFluid Level
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield washer tank and
add the proper fluidif necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the
Index for furtherdetails.
At Least Once a Month
Tire lnflation
Check tire inflation.Make sure tires are inflated to thepressures specified
on the CertificatiodTire label located on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
See “Tires” in the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck
Clean cassette deck.Cleaning should be done every 50 hours of tape play.
See “Audio Systems” in the Index for further details.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication
Lubricate all body door hinges, the body hood, fuel doorand rear
compartment hinges, latches and locks including interior glove box and
console doors,and any moving seat hardware. Lubricate the hood safety
lever pivot and prop rod pivot. Part D tells you what to use. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
7-36
Starter Switch
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking Brake” in the Index
if necessary) and the regularbrake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal,and be ready to turn off the
engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter should work only in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starterworks in any other position,
your vehicle needs service.
Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock- BTSI
1. Before you start, be sureyou have enough room around the vehicle. It
should beparked on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parkingbrake (see “Parking Brake” in the Index if
necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brakeimmediately if the vehicle
begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN position, but don’t start
the engine. Without applying the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever outof PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift levermoves out
of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI needs service.
7-37
Steering ColumnLock
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn the key to LOCK
in each shift lever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
I
CAUTION:
Whenyou are doingthischeck,yourvehiclecouldbegin
to
move. You or others could be injured and property could be
damaged. Make sure thereis room in front of your vehiclein
case it begins to roll. Be readyto apply the regular brake at once
should the vehicle begin
to move.
Park on a fairly steephill, with the vehicle facing downhill.Keeping your
foot on the regularbrake, set the parking brake.
0
To check the parking brake: With the engine running and transmission
in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressurefrom the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism's holding ability: Shift to PARK
(P). Then release all brakes.
Lap and Shoulder Belts Condition and Operation
Inspect belt system, including: webbing, buckles, latch plates, retractors,
guide loopsand anchors. Have a belt assembly replaced if the webbing has
been cut or otherwise damaged.
7-38
I
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should be performed at
least twice ayear (for instance, each springand fall). You should let your
GM dealer’s service department or other qualified service centerthese
do
jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs arecompleted at once.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspensionand steering system for damaged,
loose ormissing parts, signsof wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspectpower
steering linesand hoses for proper hookup, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Lubricatethe steering linkage.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaustsystem. Inspect the body near the exhaust
system. Look for broken, damaged, missing or out-of-position parts as well
as open seams, holes, loose connections, or other conditions
which could
cause a heatbuild-up in the floor pan or could let exhaust fumes into
the
vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”in the Index.
Accelerator Control System
Lubricate all pivot points with engine oil, except the TBI throttle
shaft. Do
not lubricate the cam pulley. Remove all external deposits frompulley. Do
not oil any accelerator or cruise control cables.
Replace any cables that have
high effort or excessive wear.
Drive Axle Service
Check readfront axle fluid level
and add as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.
Transfer Case(AI/- Wheel Drive) Inspection
Every 12 months or at oil change intervals,check front axleand transfer
case and add lubricant when necessary. Oil the control lever pivotpoint and
all exposed control linkage.Check vent hose at transfer case for kinksand
proper installation.
7-39
NOTE:Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part number or
specification may be obtained from your GM dealer.
USAGE
Engine Oil
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine oilwith the American Petroleum Institute CertifiedFor Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol of
the proper viscosity. To determine
the preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine, see“Engine Oil” in
the Index.
Engine Coolant
Mixture of water and a good quality
ethylene glycol base antifreeze or
an approved recycled coolant conforming to GM Specification
6038-M (GM Part NO. 1052103).
GM Part No. 3634621 or equivalent.
Coolant Supplement
Hydraulic Brake System
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake Guides
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
GM Hydraulic Power Steering
Fluid (GM Part No. 1052884 or
equivalent).
Power Steering System
Automatic Transmission
Key Lock Cylinders
Automatic Transmission Shift
Linkage
Chassis Lubrication
@
DEXRON@-I11 Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345120) or
synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine oil.
Engine oil.
Chassis lubricant (GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
7-40
USAGE
Front Wheel Bearings
Differential, Standard, Front and
Rear Axle
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Wheel bearing lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category GC orGC-LB (GM Part
No. 1051344 or equivalent).
Axle Lubricant (GM PartNo.
1052271) or SAE 80W-90 GL-5
Gear Lubricant.
Differential, Locking
Axle Lubricant (GM PartNo.
1052271) or SAE 8OW-90 GL-5
Gear Lubricant.
Transfer Case
DEXKON@-I11Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Chassis lubricantmeeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2,Category
LB or GC-LB (GM Part No.
1052497).
Column Shift
Windshield Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 105 1515) or equivalent.
Hood Latch Assembly
a. Pivots and Spring Anchor
b. Release Pawl
Hood and Door Hinges
Weatherstrip Conditioning
Gas Line
a. Engine oil.
b. Chassis lubricant(GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050109).
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Gas LineDe-Icer (GM Part No.
1051516).
See “Specifications Chart”in the Index for recommended replacement
filters, valves and spark plugs.
7-41
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer
reading and who performed the service in the boxes provided after the
maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts. Your owner
information portfolio is a convenient placeto store them.
7-42
TO001
7-43
TOO01
7-44
Customer Assistance Information
Section
Here you will find out how to contact Chevroletif you need assistance. This
section also tellsyou how to obtain service publications and how to report
any safety defects.
This section includesinformation on: The Customer Satisfaction Procedure,
Customer Assistance forHearing or Speech Impaired, BBB Auto Line Alternative DisputeResolution Program, Reporting Safety Defects,
Roadside Assistance, and Service Publications.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important toyour dealer and Chevrolet.
Normally, any concern with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s Sales or Service Departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of all concerned,
misunderstandings can occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE - Discuss your concern with a member of dealership
management. Normally, concerns can be quickly resolved at that level. If
the matter has already been reviewed with the Sales, Service, or Parts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealership orthe General Manager.
8-1
STEP TWO - If after contacting a member of dealership management, it
appears your concern cannot be resolved by the dealership without further
help, contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance
Center in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
In Mexico, call (525) 254-3777. In Puerto Rico, call 1-800-496-9992
(English) or 1-800496-9993 (Spanish). In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call
1-800-496-9994. In other overseaslocations, contact GM North American
Export Sales in Canada by calling 1-905-644-4 1 1 2.
For prompt assistance, please have the following information available to
give the Customer Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from the vehicle
registration or title, or the plate at the left top of the instrument panel
and visible through the windshield.)
0
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the toll free number listed previously in order to
give your inquiry prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Chevrolet, write to:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P. 0. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
addresses of Canadian and GM Overseas offices.
When contacting Chevrolet,please remember that your concern will likely
be resolved in the dealership, using the dealership’s facilities, equipment
and personnel. Thatis why we suggest you follow Step One first if you have
a concern.
8-2
Customer Assistancefor the Hearingor
Speech Impaired(TDD)
To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Chevrolet has installed
special TDD (Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf) equipment at its
Customer Assistance Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or a conventional
teletypewriter (TTY) can
communicate with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-TDD-CHEV
(1-800-833-2438). (TDD users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
GM Participation in 666 AUTO LINE Alternative Dispute ResolutionProgram *
*This program may not be available in all states, depending on state law.
Canadian owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information
booklet. General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility limitations
and/or to discontinue its participation in this program.
Both Chevrolet and your Chevrolet dealer arecommitted to making sure
you are completely satisfied with your new vehicle. Our experiencehas
shown that, if a situation arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described earlier
in this section is very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third-party can assist in arriving
at a solution to disagreement
a
regarding vehiclerepairs or interpretation of
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Chevroletvoluntarily participates in BBB AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program administered by the Better
Business Bureau system to settle disputesbetween customers and
automobile manufacturers. Thisprogram is available freeof charge to
customers who currently own or lease a GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after followingthe Customer Satisfaction Procedure,
you may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone number, or write
them at the following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
8-3
‘Tofile a claim, you will be asked to provideyour name and address, your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), and a statement of the nature of your
complaint. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and other
factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction Procedure before you resort
to AUTO LINE, but you may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will
attempt to resolvethe complaint serving as an intermediary between you
and Chevrolet. If this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be
scheduled where eligible customers may present their case toan impartial
third-party arbitrator.
The arbitratorwill make a decision which you may accept or reject. If you
accept the decision, GM will be bound by that decision. The entire dispute
resolution procedure should ordinarily take about forty days from the time
you file a claimuntil a decision is made.
Some state lawsmay require you to use this program before filing a claim
with a state-run arbitration program or in the courts. For further
information, contact the BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Chevrolet
Custo. :r Assistance Center at 1-800-222-1020.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death,you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if
it finds that a safety defect existsin a group of vehicles, it may order arecall
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain otherinformation about motor vehicle safety from the
Hotline.
8-4
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE
CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle has a safety defect,
you should immediatelynotify Transport Canada,in addition to notifying
General Motorsof Canada Limited.You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, OntarioK 1G 352.
REPORTING SAFETYDEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)in a situation like
this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please call us at 1-800-222-1020,
or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.0. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
In Canada, pleasecall us at 1-800-263-3777
(French). Or, write:
(English) or 1-800-263-7854
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL 1H 8P7
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment
to customer satisfaction,
Chevrolet has established the Chevrolet/Geo Roadside AssistanceCenter.
Roadside Assistance is available24 hours a day, 365 days ayear, by calling
1-800-CHEV USA (1-800-243-8872). The call is toll free number will
provide you over-the-phone roadside assistancewith minor mechanical
problems. If your problem cannot be resolved overthe phone, our advisors
have access to a nationwide network of dealer-recommended service
providers. Roadside membership isfree however some servicesmay incur
costs.
8-5
Roadside offers two levels of service to thecustomer, Basic Care and
Courtesy Care:
TM
ROADSIDE Basic Care PROVIDES
Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA
Free towing for warranty repairs
Basic over-the-phone technical advice
Available dealer services at reasonable costs
(i.e., wrecker services, locksmith/key service, glass repair, etc.)
Note: Roadside Basic Care applies toall ChevroletIGeo vehicles regardless
of age or miles.
ROADSIDE Courtesy Care PROVIDES:
Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined above)
Plus:
FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer froma legal roadway)
FREE LocksmithKey Service (when keys are lost on the road or
locked inside)
a FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on the road)
Note:
Courtesy Care is available to Retail and Retail Lease Customers
operating 1994 and newer ChevroletIGeo vehicles for a period of
36 months/36,000 miles.
All Courtesy Care services must be pre-arranged by Chevrolet
Roadside or Dealer Service Management.
Basic Care and Courtesy Caw are not part of or included in the coverage provided by
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to modifyor
discontinue Basic Cure and Corrrtesy Care at any time.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that will provide you with
quality and priority service. When roadside services are required, our
advisors will explain any payment obligations that may be incurred for
utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the following available to
give to the representative:
a Vehicle Identification Number
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
8-6
0
0
0
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of the problem
For complete program details, see your Chevrolet/Geo dealer to obtain a
Roadside Assistance Center brochure.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive Roadside Assistance
program accessible from anywhere in Canada or the U.S.A. Please refer to
the separate brochure provided by the dealer or call 1-800-268-6800 for
emergency services.
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for customers needing
warranty service. Courtesy Transportation will be offered in conjunction
with the coverage provided by the BUMPER TO BUMPER New Vehicle
Limited Warranty to retail purchasers of 1995 Chevrolet/Geo passenger car
and light duty trucks (please seeyour selling dealer fordetails).
COURTESY TRANSPORTATION INCLUDES:
0
0
0
One way SHUTTLE RIDE for any warranty repair completed during
the same day.
Up to $30 maximum daily VEHICLE RENTAL allowance for any
overnight warranty repair up to 5 day, OR
Up to $30 maximum daily CAB, BUS, or OTHER transportation
allowance in lieu of rental for any overnight warranty repair up to
5 day, OR
Up to $10 daily FUEL allowance for rides provided by another person
(i.e., friend, neighbor, etc.) in lieu of rental for any overnight warranty
repair up to 5 days.
Note: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered
by your ChevroletlGeo dealership service management. Claim amount
should reflect all actual costs.
0 The Chevrolet/Geo Courtesy Transportation Program is not part of the
BUMPER TO BUMPER New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Chevrolet/Geo reserves the right to make any changes or discontinue
the Courtesy Transportation Program at any time without notification.
0 For additional program details contact your Chevrolet/Geo dealer.
In Canada, please consult your GM dealer for information on courtesy
transportation.
8-7
Service and Owner Publications
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and other service
literature areavailable for purchase for all current and many past model
General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
United States , . . . . . . , . 1-800-551-4123
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-668-5539
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair information for all chassis and
body systems. They may be useful for owners who wish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are alsouseful for owners with the
appropriate skill level or
training who wish to perform “do-it-yourself’
service. These areauthentic General Motors’ service manuals meant for
professional, qualified technicians.
Service Bulletins
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly sent to all General
Motors dealerships. GM monitors product performance in the field. When
service methods are found which promote better service on GM vehicles,
bulletins are created to help
the technician perform better service. Service
bulletins may involve any number of vehicles. Some will describe
inexpensive service; otherswill describe expensive service. Some
will
advise of new or unexpected conditions, and others may help avoid future
costly repairs. Service bulletins aremeant for qualified technicians. In some
cases they refer to service manuals, specialized tools, equipment and safety
procedures necessary to service the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued
throughout the model year and beyond, an index is required and published
quarterly to help identify specific bulletins. Subscriptions are available. You
can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously, or aska GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner assistance booklets
provide owners with general operation and maintenance information.
8-8
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index
A
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle (See “Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint System (SIR)”)
Air Bag (See “Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR)”)
Readiness Light (See “Lights”)
Air Cleaner (See “Engine-Air Cleaner”)
Air Conditioning (See “Heater/Air Conditioning Controls”)
All-Wheel Drive (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.27,6.21
How to Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-21
Whentocheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-21
Antennacare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Anti-Lock Brakes (See “Brakes”)
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
Materials Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
Arbitration Program (See “Better Business Bureau Mediation”)
Assist Handles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Audiosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
3-19
Care of Your Cassette Player and Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care of Compact Discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-20
Delco LOC II@Anti-Theft Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-17
ETR@AM Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
ETR@AM-FM Stereo Audio Cassette System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9
ETR@AM-FM Stereo Audio Cassette System with Equalizer . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
ETR@AM-FM Stereo Audio Compact Disc (CD) System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
ETR@AM-FM Stereo Audio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
Understanding Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-18
Automatic Transmission ( See “Transmission”)
Axle
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-21
LockingRear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-22
6-32
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belts (See “Safety Belts”)
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-3
Beveragecooler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Blizzard (See “Driving-If You’re Caught in a Blizzard”)
Brakes
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Anti-Lock(ABS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Anti-Lock Warning Light (See “Lights”)
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
2-21
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
PedalTravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-32
Replacingparts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Warning Light (See “Lights”)
6-30
To Check Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer (See “Trailer-Brakes”)
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
1
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
Break-In,NewVehicle
...........................................
2-13
Bulb Replacement
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL) ........................
6-39
Composite Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Front Park Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-37
Halogen Bulb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-34
RearLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
ReplacementChart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-63
Sealed Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
C
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-61
2-254-30
CarbonMonoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player (See “Audio Systems” )
Cassette Tape Player System(See “Audio Systems’’ )
Catalytic Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL) (See “Bulb Replacement” )
Certificationmire Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-23
ChangingaFlatTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-21
6-55
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints (See “Safety Belts”)
Cigarette LightedAshtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Circuit Breakers (See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”)
Cleaning
6-50
Fabric Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finishcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Insideofvehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Instrumentpanel. Top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
OutsideofVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Outside of the Windshield. Backglass and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-52
WheelsandTires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Clock, Setting the
3-6
AMRadio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Audio Systems with AM/FM Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ComfortControls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
Compact Disc (CD) System (See “Audio Systems”)
Console
CenterOverhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4
Coolant (See “Engine”)
Cooling System Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
6-62
Crankcase Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cruise Control (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
2-38
OnHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
Passing Another Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
ToGetOutOf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ToEraseSpeedMemory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
ToIncreaseSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
2
Cruise Control (continued)
ToReduceSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
ToResume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
ToSet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Cupholder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Impaired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
Differential (See “Axle’’)
Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2-10
PowerDoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
RearDoors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Hatch and Dutch Doors Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
SideDoors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Sliding Side Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Drive Axle (See “Axle”)
Driving
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-15
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-16
HillandMountainRoads
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
4-17
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-21
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-13
LossofControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
OnGrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
OnSnoworIce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-20
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-19
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
E
Electrical System
Add-on Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Engine
Adding Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1 6. 6-24
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
Control Module System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1 7,3-3, 6-12
Coolant Temperature Gage (See “Gages”)
Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
5-20
FanNoise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-57, 6-62
3
Engine (continued)
Oil (See “Oil”)
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RunningWhileParked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaustsystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-13
2-26
2-15
6-40
Filter Replacement Chart (See “Service-Replacement Parts and Filter
Recommendations”)
Fluid Capacities (See “Capacities and Specification”)
FluidLeakCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
Fluids (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”)
Fuel
FillingYourTmk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
ForeignCountries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 4
Gage (See “Gages”)
Cholines for Cleaner Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3
TankCapacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-60.6-65
6-61
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G
Gages
Engine
Coolant
Temperature
Gage
...................
. . . . . . . . 2-58
FuelGage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-60
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
2-59
OilPressure Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Tamper Resistant Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-51
Voltlneter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-61
Halogen Bulbs (See “Bulb Replacement”)
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Head Restraints (See “Seats”)
Headlamps
High Beam Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
High-Low Beamchanger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement (See “Bulb Replacement”)
Heatercontrols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Heater (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HeatedAir Conditioning Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2,
Rear Air Conditioning (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerant Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Highway Hypnosis (See “Driving-Highway Hypnosis”)
Hitches (See “Towing-Hitches”)
4
5- .1
2-31
2-42
3-1
3-3
6-40
3-4
6-68
Hood
Checking Under. Hood Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Hydroplaning (See “Driving in the Rain”)
I
If You’re Stuck in Sand. Mud. Ice. or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-35
Ignitionswitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Inflation-Tire Pressure ( See “Tires”)
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
J
Jacking Equipment Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumpstarting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-23
5-3
K
Key Lock Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40. 7-36
Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-10
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
L
Labels
Certificationmire (See “CertificatiodTire Label”)
Lamps
2-42
Dome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Parkingnurn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-37
Headlights (See “Headlamps”)
Interior Lamps Override Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Lamp and Bulb Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-63
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
RearLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Replacement (See “Bulb Replacement”)
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Air Bag Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-54
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-56
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41. 2.56
Headlamp High Beam Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-57
Headlights (See “Headlamps”)
Malfunction Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.55. 6-41
Safety Belt Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Service Engine Soon (See “Malfunction Indicator”)
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.30. 2.57
LoadingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Add-on Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Payload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-24
TraileringPackage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-25
.
Lock Cylinders (See “Key Lock Cylinders”)
Loss of Control (See “Driving-Loss of Control”)
Lubrication (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”)
Luggage Carrier (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-62
M
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (See “Lights”)
Maintenance (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”)
Master Cylinder (See “Brakes”)
Mirrors
ConvexOutside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Inside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
244
Vanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4 5
Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-30
Odometer (See “Gages”)
Off-Road Driving (See “Driving”)
4-9
Off-RoadRecovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8
6-12
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure Gage (See “Gages”)
6-9
ToCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WhatKindtoUse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-10
WhentoAdd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-9
WhentoChange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
What to Do with Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
7-35
OwnerChecksandServices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P
Parking
Brake ( See “Brakes-Parking”)
On Hills ( See “Towing-Parking on Hills”)
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
Passing (See “Driving-Passing”)
Payload (See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
Periodic Maintenance Inspections (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”)
Power
Door Locks ( See “Doors”)
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
6-27
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-26
Radio (See “Audio Systems”)
Rear Axle (See “Axle”)
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides(See “Safety Belts”)
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants (See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”)
6
Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-6 1
Reporting Safety Defects To The United States Government (See “Safety Defects”)
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-35
1-10
SafetyBelts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
1-29
Center Passenger Position (Bench Seat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-42
Checking Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-35
Center Seat Position (Bench Seat) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-39
Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-33
Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
1-33
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
Where to Put the Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-31
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-15
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-41
Lar, Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-30
Lap-Shoulder Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.15.
1-27
Properwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-15
Questions & Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-14
1-26
RearSeatPassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reminder Light (See “Lights”)
Replacing Seat and Restraint Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-42
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-26
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-17
Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Why Safety Belts Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-12
Safety Chains (See “Towing a Trailer”)
Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-5
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-4
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iv
Scheduled Maintenance Services
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
742
MaintenanceScheduleI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-6
MaintenanceScheduleII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-39
7-40
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the Right Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
Using Your Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-33
Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Benchseats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Bucketseats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Frontseat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
ManualFrontSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
7
Seats (continued)
Power Driver’sSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Rearseats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Reclining Bucket Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Removable Seats (Touring and Non-Touring Bench Seats) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Seatback Latches (Non-Touring Bench Seats) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
PartsIdentificationLabel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-59
Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Replacement Parts and Filter Recommendations .....................
6-68
Service Engine Soon Light (See “Lights”)
Shift Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
Shifting Into Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
Shifting Out of Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
Specifications Chart (See “Service - Replacement Parts and Filter
Recommendations”)
5-24, 5-34
SpareTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer and Odometer (See “Gages”)
Starting Your Engine (See “Engine-Starting”)
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
InErnergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
2-47
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sunvisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR)
. . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Adding Equipment to Your Facial Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Driver’s Facial air Bag System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
How the Air Bag System Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
Servicing Your Facial Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
T
Tachometer (See “Gages”)
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-26
TiltWheel (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-29
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-41
Balancing (See “Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance”)
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Flat (See “Changing a Flat Tire”)
6-43
InspectionandRotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading (See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-44
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Spare (See “Spare Tire”)
Underbody Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-23
Uniform Tire Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
Top Strap (See “Safety Belts-Child Restraints”)
Torque Lock (See “Transmission-Torque Lock”)
8
Towing
ATrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-26
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-32
Driving with a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-30
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
4-31
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyChains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-28
TowingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
Towing ( See “Towing”)
2.63,
6.60
WiringHarness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailering Package ( See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
6-21
Transfercase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission
2-18
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
HowToCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
HowToAdd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
When to Check and Change Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift Light ( See “Lights”)
2-23
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trip Odometer ( See “Gages”)
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator ( See “Lights”)
Vehicle
v
Damagewarnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.57.6.58
Loading ( See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-32
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi, vii. viii
VentilationSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Voltmeter ( See “Gages”)
W
Warning
Devices. Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Hazard Flashers ( See “Hazard Warning Flashers”)
Lights and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-51
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-46
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Hub Caps and Wheel Nut Caps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-28
NutTorque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
UsedReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
647
9
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Swing-Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield
Rear Window Wipermasher-Dutch Door ..........................
Washer ......................................................
WasherFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiper Blade Chatter ...........................................
Wiper Blade Cleaning ( See “Cleaning”)
Wiper Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
2-27
2-28
2-34
2-33
6-28
2-32
6-52
6-39