Samsung S3F80JB User`s manual

S3F80J9
8-BIT CMOS
MICROCONTROLLERS
USER'S MANUAL
Revision 1.1
Important Notice
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S3F80J9 8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers
User's Manual, Revision 1.1
Publication Number: 21.1-S3F-80J9-032006
© 2006 Samsung Electronics
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in
any form or by any means, electric or mechanical, by photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior
written consent of Samsung Electronics.
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certification (BSI Certificate No. FM24653). All semiconductor products are
designed and manufactured in accordance with the highest quality standards and
objectives.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
San #24 Nongseo-Dong, Giheung-Gu,
Yongin-City, Gyunggi-Do, Korea
C.P.O. Box #37, Korea 446-711
TEL:
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Home-Page URL: Http://www.samsungsemi.com
Printed in the Republic of Korea
Preface
The S3F80J9 Microcontroller User's Manual is designed for application designers and programmers who are
using S3F80J9 microcontroller for application development. It is organized in two main parts:
Part I
Programming Model
Part II
Hardware Descriptions
Part I contains software-related information to familiarize you with the microcontroller's architecture, programming
model, instruction set, and interrupt structure. It has six chapters:
Chapter 1
Product Overview
Chapter 4
Control Registers
Chapter 2
Address Spaces
Chapter 5
Interrupt Structure
Chapter 3
Addressing Modes
Chapter 6
Instruction Set
Chapter 1, "Product Overview," is a high-level introduction to S3F80J9 with general product descriptions, as well
as detailed information about individual pin characteristics and pin circuit types.
Chapter 2, "Address Spaces," describes program and data memory spaces, the internal register file, and register
addressing. Chapter 2 also describes working register addressing, as well as system stack and user-defined stack
operations.
Chapter 3, "Addressing Modes," contains detailed descriptions of the addressing modes that are supported by the
S3C8-series CPU.
Chapter 4, "Control Registers," contains overview tables for all mapped system and peripheral control register
values, as well as detailed one-page descriptions in a standardized format. You can use these easy-to-read,
alphabetically organized, register descriptions as a quick-reference source when writing programs.
Chapter 5, "Interrupt Structure," describes the S3F80J9 interrupt structure in detail and further prepares you for
additional information presented in the individual hardware module descriptions in Part II.
Chapter 6, "Instruction Set," describes the features and conventions of the instruction set used for all S3F8-series
microcontrollers. Several summary tables are presented for orientation and reference. Detailed descriptions of
each instruction are presented in a standard format. Each instruction description includes one or more practical
examples of how to use the instruction when writing an application program.
A basic familiarity with the information in Part I will help you to understand the hardware module descriptions in
Part II. If you are not yet familiar with the S3F8-series microcontroller family and are reading this manual for the
first time, we recommend that you first read Chapters 1–3 carefully. Then, briefly look over the detailed information
in Chapters 4, 5, and 6. Later, you can reference the information in Part I as necessary.
Part II "hardware Descriptions," has detailed information about specific hardware components of the S3F80J9
microcontroller. Also included in Part II are electrical, mechanical, MTP, and development tools data. It has 12
chapters:
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Clock Circuits
RESET
I/O Ports
Basic Timer and Timer 0
Timer 1
Counter A
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Embedded Flash Memory Interface
Low Voltage Detector
Electrical Data-4MHz
Electrical Data-8MHz
Mechanical Data
Development Tools Data
Two order forms are included at the back of this manual to facilitate customer order for S3F80J9 microcontrollers:
the Flash Factor Writing Order Form. You can photocopy these forms, fill them out, and then forward them to your
local Samsung Sales Representative.
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
iii
Table of Contents
Part I — Programming Model
Chapter 1
Product Overview
S3C8/S3F8-Series Microcontrollers ........................................................................................................... 1-1
S3F80J9 Microcontroller............................................................................................................................. 1-1
Features ..................................................................................................................................................... 1-2
Block Diagram (28-pin package) ................................................................................................................ 1-3
Block Diagram (32-pin package) ................................................................................................................ 1-4
Pin Assignments (28pin)............................................................................................................................. 1-5
Pin Assignments (32pin)............................................................................................................................. 1-6
Pin Circuits ................................................................................................................................................. 1-9
Chapter 2
Address Spaces
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
Program Memory........................................................................................................................................ 2-2
Smart Option...................................................................................................................................... 2-3
Register Architecture .................................................................................................................................. 2-5
Register Page Pointer (PP)................................................................................................................ 2-7
Register Set1 ..................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Register Set 2 .................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Prime Register Space ........................................................................................................................ 2-9
Working Registers.............................................................................................................................. 2-10
Using the Register Pointers ............................................................................................................... 2-11
Register Addressing ................................................................................................................................... 2-13
Common Working Register Area (C0H–CFH).................................................................................... 2-15
4-Bit Working Register Addressing .................................................................................................... 2-16
8-Bit Working Register Addressing .................................................................................................... 2-18
System and User Stacks ............................................................................................................................ 2-20
Chapter 3
Addressing Modes
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
Register Addressing Mode (R)........................................................................................................... 3-2
Indirect Register Addressing Mode (IR) ............................................................................................. 3-3
Indexed Addressing Mode (X)............................................................................................................ 3-7
Direct Address Mode (DA) ................................................................................................................. 3-10
Direct Address Mode (Continued) ................................................................................................... 3-11
Indirect Address Mode (IA) ................................................................................................................ 3-12
Relative Address Mode (RA).............................................................................................................. 3-13
Immediate Mode (IM)......................................................................................................................... 3-14
Chapter 4
Control Registers
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
v
Table of Contents (Continued)
Chapter 5
Interrupt Structure
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................5-1
Interrupt Types ...................................................................................................................................5-2
Interrupt Vector Addresses.................................................................................................................5-5
Enable/Disable Interrupt Instructions (EI, DI) .....................................................................................5-7
System-Level Interrupt Control Registers...........................................................................................5-7
Interrupt Processing Control Points....................................................................................................5-8
Peripheral Interrupt Control Registers ................................................................................................5-9
System Mode Register (SYM)............................................................................................................5-10
Interrupt Mask Register (IMR) ............................................................................................................5-11
Interrupt Priority Register (IPR) ..........................................................................................................5-12
Interrupt Request Register (IRQ) .......................................................................................................5-14
Interrupt Pending Function Types ......................................................................................................5-15
Interrupt Source Polling Sequence.....................................................................................................5-16
Interrupt Service Routines..................................................................................................................5-16
Generating interrupt Vector Addresses ..............................................................................................5-17
Nesting of Vectored Interrupts............................................................................................................5-17
Instruction Pointer (IP) .......................................................................................................................5-17
Fast Interrupt Processing ...................................................................................................................5-17
Chapter 6
Instruction Set
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................6-1
Flags Register (FLAGS).....................................................................................................................6-6
Flag Descriptions ...............................................................................................................................6-7
Instruction Set Notation......................................................................................................................6-8
Condition Codes.................................................................................................................................6-12
Instruction Descriptions ......................................................................................................................6-13
Chapter 7
Clock Circuit
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................7-1
System Clock Circuit ..........................................................................................................................7-1
Clock Status During Power-Down Modes ..........................................................................................7-2
System Clock Control Register (CLKCON) ........................................................................................7-3
vi
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
Table of Contents (Continued)
Chapter 8
RESET
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 8-1
Reset Sources ................................................................................................................................... 8-1
Reset Mechanism .............................................................................................................................. 8-3
External Reset Pin ............................................................................................................................. 8-3
Watch Dog Timer Reset..................................................................................................................... 8-4
LVD Reset ......................................................................................................................................... 8-4
Internal Power-on Reset .................................................................................................................... 8-5
External Interrupt Reset ..................................................................................................................... 8-7
Stop Error Detection & Recovery ....................................................................................................... 8-8
Power-Down Modes ................................................................................................................................... 8-9
Idle Mode ........................................................................................................................................... 8-9
Back-up Mode.................................................................................................................................... 8-10
Stop Mode ......................................................................................................................................... 8-11
Sources to Release Stop Mode ......................................................................................................... 8-12
System Reset Operation.................................................................................................................... 8-13
Hardware Reset Values ..................................................................................................................... 8-14
Recommendation for Unusued Pins .................................................................................................. 8-18
Summary Table of Back-Up Mode, Stop Mode, and Reset Status..................................................... 8-19
Chapter 9
I/O Ports
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 9-1
Port Data Registers............................................................................................................................ 9-4
Pull-Up Resistor Enable Registers ..................................................................................................... 9-5
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
vii
Table of Contents (Continued)
Chapter 10
Basic Timer and Timer 0
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................10-1
Basic Timer (BT) ................................................................................................................................10-1
Timer 0...............................................................................................................................................10-1
Basic Timer Control Register (BTCON)..............................................................................................10-2
Basic Timer Function Description.......................................................................................................10-3
Timer 0 Control Register (T0CON).....................................................................................................10-4
Timer 0 Function Description .............................................................................................................10-6
Chapter 11
Timer
1
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................11-1
Timer 1 Overflow interrupt..................................................................................................................11-2
Timer 1 Capture interrupt ...................................................................................................................11-2
Timer 1 Match interrupt ......................................................................................................................11-3
Timer 1 Control Register (T1CON).....................................................................................................11-5
Chapter 12
Counter A
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................12-1
Counter A Control Register (CACON) ................................................................................................12-3
Counter A Pulse Width Calculations...................................................................................................12-4
Chapter 13
Embedded Flash Memory Interface
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................13-1
ISPTM (On-Board Programming) SECTOR.................................................................................................13-3
Smart Option......................................................................................................................................13-4
ISP Reset Vector and ISP Sector Size...............................................................................................13-5
Flash Memory Control Registers (User Program Mode) .............................................................................13-6
Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON) .........................................................................................13-6
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) ...........................................................13-6
Flash Memory Sector Address Registers ...........................................................................................13-7
Sector Erase...............................................................................................................................................13-8
Programming ..............................................................................................................................................13-12
Reading ......................................................................................................................................................13-17
Hard Lock Protection ..................................................................................................................................13-18
viii
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
Table of Contents (Continued)
Chapter 14
Low Voltage Detector
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 14-1
LVD.................................................................................................................................................... 14-1
LVD Flag............................................................................................................................................ 14-1
Low Voltage Detector Control Register (LVDCON)............................................................................ 14-3
Chapter 15
Electrical Data - 4MHz
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 15-1
Chapter 16
Electrical Data - 8MHz
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 16-1
Chapter 17
Mechanical Data
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 17-1
Chapter 18
Development Tools Data
Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 18-1
Target Boards .................................................................................................................................... 18-1
Programming Socket Adapter ............................................................................................................ 18-1
TB80J9 Target Board ................................................................................................................................. 18-2
OTP/MTP Programmer (Writer) ......................................................................................................... 18-7
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
ix
List of Figures
Figure
Number
Title
Page
Number
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-9
Block Diagram (28-PIN) ........................................................................................... 1-3
Block Diagram (32-PIN) ........................................................................................... 1-4
Pin Assignment Diagram (28-Pin SOP Package) ..................................................... 1-5
Pin Assignment Diagram (32-Pin SOP Package) ..................................................... 1-6
Pin Circuit Type 1 (Port 0 and Port2)........................................................................ 1-9
Pin Circuit Type 2 (Port 1) ........................................................................................ 1-10
Pin Circuit Type 3 (P3.0) .......................................................................................... 1-11
Pin Circuit Type 4 (P3.1) Circuit ............................................................................... 1-12
Pin Circuit Type 6 (nRESET).................................................................................... 1-12
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-15
2-16
S3F80J9 Program Memory Address Space ............................................................. 2-2
Smart Option ............................................................................................................ 2-3
Internal Register File Organization ........................................................................... 2-6
Register Page Pointer (PP) ...................................................................................... 2-7
Set 1, Set 2, and Prime Area Register Map.............................................................. 2-9
8-Byte Working Register Areas (Slices) ................................................................... 2-10
Contiguous 16-Byte Working Register Block ............................................................ 2-11
Non-Contiguous 16-Byte Working Register Block .................................................... 2-12
16-Bit Register Pair .................................................................................................. 2-13
Register File Addressing .......................................................................................... 2-14
Common Working Register Area .............................................................................. 2-15
4-Bit Working Register Addressing........................................................................... 2-17
4-Bit Working Register Addressing Example ............................................................ 2-17
8-Bit Working Register Addressing........................................................................... 2-18
8-Bit Working Register Addressing Example ............................................................ 2-19
Stack Operations...................................................................................................... 2-20
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
Register Addressing ................................................................................................. 3-2
Working Register Addressing ................................................................................... 3-2
Indirect Register Addressing to Register File............................................................ 3-3
Indirect Register Addressing to Program Memory .................................................... 3-4
Indirect Working Register Addressing to Register File.............................................. 3-5
Indirect Working Register Addressing to Program or Data Memory ......................... 3-6
Indexed Addressing to Register File......................................................................... 3-7
Indexed Addressing to Program or Data Memory with Short Offset ......................... 3-8
Indexed Addressing to Program or Data Memory..................................................... 3-9
Direct Addressing for Load Instructions .................................................................... 3-10
Direct Addressing for Call and Jump Instructions ..................................................... 3-11
Indirect Addressing................................................................................................... 3-12
Relative Addressing ................................................................................................. 3-13
Immediate Addressing.............................................................................................. 3-14
4-1
Register Description Format..................................................................................... 4-4
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
xi
List of Figures (Continued)
Figure
Number
Title
Page
Number
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8
5-9
S3C8/S3F8-Series Interrupt Types...........................................................................5-2
S3F80J9 Interrupt Structure .....................................................................................5-4
ROM Vector Address Area .......................................................................................5-5
Interrupt Function Diagram .......................................................................................5-8
System Mode Register (SYM) ..................................................................................5-10
Interrupt Mask Register (IMR) ..................................................................................5-11
Interrupt Request Priority Groups .............................................................................5-12
Interrupt Priority Register (IPR).................................................................................5-13
Interrupt Request Register (IRQ) ..............................................................................5-14
6-1
System Flags Register (FLAGS)...............................................................................6-6
7-1
7-2
7-3
7-4
Main Oscillator Circuit (External Crystal or Ceramic Resonator) ............................7-1
External Clock Circuit ...............................................................................................7-1
System Clock Circuit Diagram ..................................................................................7-2
System Clock Control Register (CLKCON)...............................................................7-3
8-1
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
8-8
RESET Sources of The S3F80J9 .............................................................................8-2
RESET Block Diagram of The S3F80J9 ...................................................................8-3
Reset Block Diagram by LVD for The S3F80J9 in Stop Mode ..................................8-4
Internal Power-On Reset Circuit ...............................................................................8-5
Timing Diagram for Internal Power-On Reset Circuit ................................................8-6
Reset Timing Diagram for The S3F80J9 in STOP Mode by IPOR............................8-7
Block Diagram for Back-up Mode .............................................................................8-10
Timing Diagram for Back-up Mode Input and Released by LVD...............................8-10
9-1
9-2
S3F80J9 I/O Port Data Register Format ...................................................................9-4
Pull-up Resistor Enable Registers (Port 0 and Port 2 only).......................................9-5
10-1
10-2
10-3
10-4
10-5
10-6
10-7
Basic Timer Control Register (BTCON) ....................................................................10-2
Timer 0 Control Register (T0CON) ...........................................................................10-5
Timer 0 DATA Register (T0DATA)............................................................................10-5
Simplified Timer 0 Function Diagram: Interval Timer Mode ......................................10-6
Simplified Timer 0 Function Diagram: PWM Mode ...................................................10-7
Simplified Timer 0 Function Diagram: Capture Mode ...............................................10-8
Basic Timer and Timer 0 Block Diagram...................................................................10-9
11-1
11-2
11-3
11-4
11-5
Simplified Timer 1 Function Diagram: Capture Mode ...............................................11-2
Simplified Timer 1 Function Diagram: Interval Timer Mode ......................................11-3
Timer 1 Block Diagram .............................................................................................11-4
Timer 1 Control Register (T1CON) ...........................................................................11-5
Timer 1 Registers (T1CNTH, T1CNTL, T1DATAH, T1DATAL).................................11-6
12-1
12-2
12-3
12-4
Counter A Block Diagram .........................................................................................12-2
Counter A Control Register (CACON) ......................................................................12-3
Counter A Registers .................................................................................................12-3
Counter A Output Flip-Flop Waveforms in Repeat Mode..........................................12-5
xii
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
List of Figures (Continued)
Figure
Number
Title
Page
Number
13-1
13-2
13-3
13-4
13-5
13-6
13-7
13-8
13-9
13-10
S3F80J9 Program Memory Address Space ............................................................. 13-3
Smart Option ............................................................................................................ 13-4
Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON)................................................................ 13-6
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR).................................. 13-6
Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECH)................................................. 13-7
Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECL) ................................................. 13-7
Sector Configurations in User Program Mode .......................................................... 13-8
Sector Erase Flowchart in User Program Mode ....................................................... 13-9
Byte Program Flowchart in a User Program Mode ................................................... 13-13
Program Flow Chart in a User Program Mode.......................................................... 13-14
14-1
14-2
Low Voltage Detect (LVD) Block Diagram ................................................................ 14-2
Low Voltage Detect Control Register (LVDCON) ..................................................... 14-3
15-1
15-2
15-3
15-4
15-5
15-6
15-7
15-8
15-9
15-10
15-11
15-12
Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.1 only)....................................... 15-5
Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3) ......................... 15-5
Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7) ................... 15-6
Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.1 only).................................. 15-6
Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3).................... 15-7
Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7) .............. 15-7
Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by an External Interrupt......................... 15-8
Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a Reset............................................. 15-8
Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a LVD ............................................... 15-9
Input Timing for External Interrupts (Port 0 and Port 2) ............................................ 15-10
Input Timing for Reset (nRESET Pin)....................................................................... 15-10
Operating Voltage Range of S3F80J9...................................................................... 15-13
16-1
16-2
16-3
16-4
16-5
16-6
16-7
16-8
16-9
16-10
16-11
16-12
Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.1 only)....................................... 16-5
Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3) ......................... 16-5
Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7) ................... 16-6
Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.1 only).................................. 16-6
Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3).................... 16-7
Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7) .............. 16-7
Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by an External Interrupt......................... 16-8
Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a Reset............................................. 16-8
Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a LVD ............................................... 16-9
Input Timing for External Interrupts (Port 0 and Port 2) ............................................ 16-10
Input Timing for Reset (nRESET Pin)....................................................................... 16-10
Operating Voltage Range of S3F80J9...................................................................... 16-13
17-1
17-2
32-Pin SOP Package Dimension.............................................................................. 17-1
28-Pin SOP Package Dimension.............................................................................. 17-2
18-1
18-2
18-3
TB80JB Target Board Configuration......................................................................... 18-2
50-Pin Connector Pin Assignment for TB80JB ......................................................... 18-5
TB80JB Adapter Cable............................................................................................. 18-5
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
xiii
List of Tables
Table
Number
Title
Page
Number
1-1
1-2
Pin Descriptions of 28-SOP...................................................................................... 1-7
Pin Descriptions of 32-SOP...................................................................................... 1-8
2-1
S3F80J9 Register Type Summary............................................................................ 2-5
4-1
4-2
4-3
Mapped Registers (Bank0, Set1) ............................................................................. 4-2
Mapped Registers (Bank1, Set1) ............................................................................. 4-3
Each Function Description and Pin Assignment of P3CON in 28/32 Pin Package ... 4-30
5-1
5-2
5-3
S3F80J9 Interrupt Vectors........................................................................................ 5-6
Interrupt Control Register Overview ......................................................................... 5-7
Vectored Interrupt Source Control and Data Registers............................................. 5-9
6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-6
Instruction Group Summary...................................................................................... 6-2
Flag Notation Conventions ....................................................................................... 6-8
Instruction Set Symbols............................................................................................ 6-8
Instruction Notation Conventions.............................................................................. 6-9
Opcode Quick Reference ......................................................................................... 6-10
Condition Codes....................................................................................................... 6-12
8-1
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
Reset Condition in STOP Mode When IPOR / LVD Control Bit is “1”
(always LVD-On) ...................................................................................................... 8-8
Reset Condition in STOP Mode When IPOR / LVD Control Bit is “0” ....................... 8-8
Set 1, Bank 0 Register Values After Reset ............................................................... 8-14
Set 1, Bank 1 Register Values After Reset ............................................................... 8-16
Reset Generation According to the Condition of Smart Option................................. 8-17
Guideline for Unused Pins to Reduced Power Consumption.................................... 8-18
Summary of Each Mode ........................................................................................... 8-19
9-1
9-2
9-3
S3F80J9 Port Configuration Overview (28-SOP) ..................................................... 9-2
S3F80J9 Port Configuration Overview (32-SOP) ..................................................... 9-3
Port Data Register Summary.................................................................................... 9-4
13-1
13-2
13-3
Descriptions of Pins Used to Read/Write the Flash in Tool Program Mode .............. 13-2
ISP Sector Size ........................................................................................................ 13-5
Reset Vector Address .............................................................................................. 13-5
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
xv
List of Tables (Continued)
Table
Number
Title
Page
Number
15-1
15-2
15-3
15-4
15-5
15-6
15-7
15-8
15-9
Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................................................................15-2
D.C. Electrical Characteristics ..................................................................................15-2
Characteristics of Low Voltage Detect Circuit ...........................................................15-4
Data Retention Supply Voltage in Stop Mode...........................................................15-4
Input/Output Capacitance .........................................................................................15-9
A.C. Electrical Characteristics ..................................................................................15-9
Oscillation Characteristics ........................................................................................15-11
Oscillation Stabilization Time....................................................................................15-12
AC Electrical Characteristics for Internal Flash ROM................................................15-13
16-1
16-2
16-3
16-4
16-5
16-6
16-7
16-8
16-9
Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................................................................16-2
D.C. Electrical Characteristics ..................................................................................16-2
Characteristics of Low Voltage Detect Circuit ...........................................................16-4
Data Retention Supply Voltage in Stop Mode...........................................................16-4
Input/Output Capacitance .........................................................................................16-9
A.C. Electrical Characteristics ..................................................................................16-9
Oscillation Characteristics ........................................................................................16-11
Oscillation Stabilization Time....................................................................................16-12
AC Electrical Characteristics for Internal Flash ROM................................................16-13
18-1
18-2
Components Consisting of S3F80JB Target Board ..................................................18-3
Default Setting of the Jumper in S3F80JB Target Board ..........................................18-4
xvi
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
List of Programming Tips
Description
Chapter 2
Page
Number
Address Spaces
Setting the Register Pointers...................................................................................................................... 2-11
Using the RPs to Calculate the Sum of a Series of Registers..................................................................... 2-12
Addressing the Common Working Register Area ....................................................................................... 2-16
Standard Stack Operations Using PUSH and POP .................................................................................... 2-21
Chapter 8
Reset
To Enter STOP Mode ................................................................................................................................. 8-11
Chapter 10
Basic Timer and Timer 0
Configuring the Basic Timer ....................................................................................................................... 10-10
Programming Timer 0................................................................................................................................. 10-11
Chapter 12
Counter A
To Generate 38 kHz, 1/3duty Signal Through P3.1 .................................................................................... 12-6
To Generate a One-pulse Signal Through P3.1 ......................................................................................... 12-7
Chapter 13
Embedded Flash Memory Interface
Sector Erase .............................................................................................................................................. 13-10
Programming.............................................................................................................................................. 13-15
Reading...................................................................................................................................................... 13-17
Hard Lock Protection .................................................................................................................................. 13-18
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
xvii
List of Register Descriptions
Register
Identifier
BTCON
CACON
CLKCON
EMT
FLAGS
FMCON
FMSECH
FMUSR
IMR
IPH
IPL
IPR
IRQ
LVDCON
LVDCON
P0CONH
P0CONL
P0INT
P0PND
P0PUR
P1CONH
P1CONL
P2CONH
P2CONL
P2INT
P2PND
P2PUR
P3CON
PP
RP0
RP1
SPL
STOPCON
SYM
T0CON
T1CON
Full Register Name
Page
Number
Basic Timer Control Register.................................................................................... 4-5
Counter A Control Register ...................................................................................... 4-6
System Clock Control Register................................................................................. 4-7
External Memory Timing Register ............................................................................ 4-8
System Flags Register ............................................................................................. 4-9
Flash Memory Control Register................................................................................ 4-10
Flash Memory Sector Address Register(High Byte) ................................................. 4-11
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register.................................................. 4-11
Interrupt Mask Register ............................................................................................ 4-12
Instruction Pointer (High Byte).................................................................................. 4-13
Instruction Pointer (Low Byte) .................................................................................. 4-13
Interrupt Priority Register.......................................................................................... 4-14
Interrupt Request Register ....................................................................................... 4-15
LVD Control Register ............................................................................................... 4-16
LVD Control Register ............................................................................................... 4-16
Port 0 Control Register (High Byte) .......................................................................... 4-17
Port 0 Control Register(Low Byte) ............................................................................ 4-18
Port 0 External Interrupt Enable Register ................................................................. 4-19
Port 0 External Interrupt Pending Register ............................................................... 4-20
Port 0 Pull-up Resistor Enable Register ................................................................... 4-21
Port 1 Control Register (High Byte) .......................................................................... 4-22
Port 1 Control Register(Low Byte) ............................................................................ 4-23
Port 2 Control Register(High Byte) ........................................................................... 4-24
Port 2 Control Register(Low Byte) ............................................................................ 4-25
Port 2 External Interrupt Enable Register ................................................................. 4-26
Port 2 External Interrupt Pending Register ............................................................... 4-27
Port 2 Pull-up Resistor Enable Register ................................................................... 4-28
Port 3 Control Register ............................................................................................. 4-29
Register Page Pointer .............................................................................................. 4-31
Register Pointer 0..................................................................................................... 4-32
Register Pointer 1..................................................................................................... 4-32
Stack Pointer (Low Byte) .......................................................................................... 4-33
Stop Control Register ............................................................................................... 4-33
System Mode Register ............................................................................................. 4-34
Timer 0 Control Register .......................................................................................... 4-35
Timer 1 Control Register .......................................................................................... 4-36
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
xix
List of Instruction Descriptions
Instruction
Mnemonic
ADC
ADD
AND
BAND
BCP
BITC
BITR
BITS
BOR
BTJRF
BTJRT
BXOR
CALL
CCF
CLR
COM
CP
CPIJE
CPIJNE
DA
DA
DEC
DECW
DIV
DJNZ
EI
ENTER
EXIT
IDLE
INC
INCW
IRET
JP
JR
LD
LD
LDB
LDC/LDE
LDC/LDE
LDCD/LDED
LDCI/LDEI
LDCPD/LDEPD
LDCPI/LDEPI
LDW
MULT
Full Register Name
Page
Number
Add With Carry ......................................................................................................... 6-14
Add........................................................................................................................... 6-15
Logical AND ............................................................................................................. 6-16
Bit AND .................................................................................................................... 6-17
Bit Compare ............................................................................................................. 6-18
Bit Complement........................................................................................................ 6-19
Bit Reset................................................................................................................... 6-20
Bit Set ...................................................................................................................... 6-21
Bit OR ...................................................................................................................... 6-22
Bit Test, Jump Relative on False .............................................................................. 6-23
Bit Test, Jump Relative on True ............................................................................... 6-24
Bit XOR .................................................................................................................... 6-25
Call Procedure ......................................................................................................... 6-26
Complement Carry Flag ........................................................................................... 6-27
Clear ........................................................................................................................ 6-28
Complement ............................................................................................................. 6-29
Compare .................................................................................................................. 6-30
Compare, Increment, and Jump on Equal ................................................................ 6-31
Compare, Increment, and Jump on Non-Equal ........................................................ 6-32
Decimal Adjust ......................................................................................................... 6-33
Decimal Adjust ......................................................................................................... 6-34
Decrement................................................................................................................ 6-35
Decrement Word ...................................................................................................... 6-36
Divide (Unsigned)..................................................................................................... 6-38
Decrement and Jump if Non-Zero ............................................................................ 6-39
Enable Interrupts ...................................................................................................... 6-40
Enter ........................................................................................................................ 6-41
Exit ........................................................................................................................... 6-42
Idle Operation........................................................................................................... 6-43
Increment ................................................................................................................. 6-44
Increment Word........................................................................................................ 6-45
Interrupt Return ........................................................................................................ 6-46
Jump ........................................................................................................................6-47
Jump Relative .......................................................................................................... 6-48
Load ......................................................................................................................... 6-49
Load ......................................................................................................................... 6-50
Load Bit .................................................................................................................... 6-51
Load Memory ........................................................................................................... 6-52
Load Memory ........................................................................................................... 6-53
Load Memory and Decrement .................................................................................. 6-54
Load Memory and Increment.................................................................................... 6-55
Load Memory with Pre-Decrement ........................................................................... 6-56
Load Memory with Pre-Increment............................................................................. 6-57
Load Word................................................................................................................ 6-58
Multiply (Unsigned)................................................................................................... 6-59
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
xxi
List of Instruction Descriptions (Continued)
Instruction
Mnemonic
NEXT
NOP
OR
POP
POPUD
POPUI
PUSH
PUSHUD
PUSHUI
RCF
RET
RL
RLC
RR
RRC
SB0
SB1
SBC
SCF
SRA
SRP/SRP0/SRP1
STOP
SUB
SWAP
TCM
TM
WFI
XOR
xxii
Full Register Name
Page
Number
Next ..........................................................................................................................6-60
No Operation ............................................................................................................6-61
Logical OR................................................................................................................6-62
Pop From Stack........................................................................................................6-63
Pop User Stack (Decrementing) ...............................................................................6-64
Pop User Stack (Incrementing).................................................................................6-65
Push To Stack ..........................................................................................................6-66
Push User Stack (Decrementing) .............................................................................6-67
Push User Stack (Incrementing) ...............................................................................6-68
Reset Carry Flag ......................................................................................................6-69
Return.......................................................................................................................6-70
Rotate Left................................................................................................................6-71
Rotate Left Through Carry ........................................................................................6-72
Rotate Right .............................................................................................................6-73
Rotate Right Through Carry......................................................................................6-74
Select Bank 0 ...........................................................................................................6-75
Select Bank 1 ...........................................................................................................6-76
Subtract With Carry ..................................................................................................6-77
Set Carry Flag ..........................................................................................................6-78
Shift Right Arithmetic ................................................................................................6-79
Set Register Pointer .................................................................................................6-80
Stop Operation .........................................................................................................6-81
Subtract ....................................................................................................................6-82
Swap Nibbles............................................................................................................6-83
Test Complement Under Mask .................................................................................6-84
Test Under Mask ......................................................................................................6-85
Wait For Interrupt......................................................................................................6-86
Logical Exclusive OR................................................................................................6-87
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
S3F80J9
1
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3C8/S3F8-SERIES MICROCONTROLLERS
Samsung's S3C8/S3F8-series of 8-bit single-chip CMOS microcontrollers offers a fast and efficient CPU, a wide
range of integrated peripherals, and various flash memory ROM sizes. Important CPU features include:
— Efficient register-oriented architecture
— Selectable CPU clock sources
— Idle and Stop power-down mode release by interrupts
— Built-in basic timer with watchdog function
A sophisticated interrupt structure recognizes up to eight interrupt levels. Each level can have one or more
interrupt sources and vectors. Fast interrupt processing (within a minimum four CPU clocks) can be assigned to
specific interrupt levels.
S3F80J9 MICROCONTROLLER
The S3F80J9 single-chip CMOS microcontroller is fabricated using a highly advanced CMOS process and is
based on Samsung's newest CPU architecture.
The S3F80J9 is the micro-controller which has 32-Kbyte Flash Memory ROM.
Using a proven modular design approach, Samsung engineers developed S3F80J9 by integrating the following
peripheral modules with the powerful SAM8 RC core:
— Internal LVD circuit and 16 bit-programmable pins for external interrupts
— One 8-bit basic timer for oscillation stabilization and watchdog function (system reset)
— One 8-bit Timer/counter with three operating modes
— One 16-bit timer/counter with selectable operating modes
— One 8-bit counter with auto-reload function and one-shot or repeat control
The S3F80J9 is a versatile general-purpose microcontroller, which is especially suitable for use as remote
transmitter controller. It is currently available in a 32-pin SOP and 28-pin SOP package.
1-1
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3F80J9
FEATURES
CPU
•
SAM8 RC CPU core
Memory
•
Program memory:
- S3F80J9: 32-Kbyte Internal Flash Memory
- Sector size: 128Bytes
- 10years data retention
- Fast Programming Time: Sector Erase: 10ms
Byte Program: 32us
•
Basic Timer and Timer/Counters
One programmable 8-bit basic timer (BT) for
oscillation stabilization control or watchdog timer
(software reset) function
•
•
One 8-bit timer/counter (Timer 0) with three
operating modes: Interval mode, Capture and
PWM mode.
•
One 16-bit timer/counter (Timer1) with two
operating modes: Interval and Capture mode.
- Byte Programmable
- User programmable by ‘LDC’ instruction
- Sector (128-bytes) Erase available
- External serial programming support
- Endurance: 10,000 Erase/Program cycles
- Expandable OBPTM (On Board Program)
Back-Up Mode
•
When VDD is lower than VLVD, the chip enters
Back-up mode to block oscillation and reduce the
current consumption.
In S3F80J9, this function is disabled when
operating state is “STOP mode”.
Data memory: 272-byte general purpose RAM
•
Instruction Set
•
•
78 instructions
IDLE and STOP instructions added for powerdown modes
Low Voltage Detect Circuit
•
Low voltage detect to get into Back-up mode and
Reset
Instruction Execution Time
•
500 ns at 8-MHz fOSC (minimum)
Interrupts
•
22 interrupt sources with 16 vectors
and 7 levels
When reset pin is lower than Input Low Voltage
(VIL), the chip enters Back-up mode to block
oscillation and reduce the current consumption.
2.15V (Typ) ± 200mV at 8MHz
1.90V (Typ) ± 200mV at 4MHz
•
Low voltage detect to control LVD_Flag bit
2.30V (Typ) ± 200mV at 8MHz
2.15V (Typ) ± 200mV at 4MHz
Operating Temperature Range
I/O Ports
•
Two 8-bit I/O ports (P0, P2), 4-bit I/O port(P1)
and 2-bit port (P3) for a total of 22 bitprogrammable pins. (28-SOP)
•
Three 8-bit I/O ports (P0, P1, P2), and 2-bit I/O
port (P3) for a total of 26-bit programmable pins.
(32-SOP)
Carrier Frequency Generator
•
One 8-bit counter with auto-reload function and
one-shot or repeat control (Counter A)
1-2
•
–25°C to + 85 °C
Operating Voltage Range
•
1.95V to 3.6V at 8MHz
•
1.7V to 3.6V at 4MHz
Package Types
•
28-pin SOP
•
32-pin SOP
S3F80J9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
BLOCK DIAGRAM (28-PIN PACKAGE)
P0.0-0.3/INT0-INT3
P0.4-P0.7(INT4)
P1.0-1.3
Port0
VDD
Port1
TEST
nRESET
LVD
P2.0-2.3
IPOR(note)
XIN
XOUT
Main
OSC
8-Bit
Basic
Timer
8-Bit
Timer0
/Counter
I/O Port and Interrupt
Control
Port2
(INT5-8)
P2.4-2.7
(INT9)
SAM87RC CPU
P3.0/T0PWM/
T0CAP/T1CAP/
SDAT
32/16K-byte
272-byte
FLASH
Memory (note1)
Register File
16-Bit
Timer1
/Counter
Port3
P3.1/REM/
T0CK/SCLK
Counter
A
Figure 1-1. Block Diagram (28-PIN)
NOTES
1. In case of S3F80J9, the size of flash memory is 32K-bytes.
2. IPOR can be enabled or disabled by IPOR / LVD control bit in the smart option. (Refer to Figure 2-2)
1-3
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3F80J9
BLOCK DIAGRAM (32-PIN PACKAGE)
P0.0-0.3/INT0-INT3
P0.4-P0.7(INT4)
P1.0-1.7
Port0
VDD
Port1
TEST
nRESET
LVD
P2.0-2.3
IPOR(note)
XIN
XOUT
Main
OSC
8-Bit
Basic
Timer
8-Bit
Timer0
/Counter
I/O Port and Interrupt
Control
Port2
(INT5-8)
P2.4-2.7
(INT9)
SAM87RC CPU
P3.0/T0PWM/
T0CAP/T1CAP/
SDAT
32/16K-byte
272-byte
FLASH
Memory(note1)
Register File
16-Bit
Timer1
/Counter
Port3
P3.1/REM/
T0CK/SCLK
Counter
A
Figure 1-2. Block Diagram (32-PIN)
NOTES
1. In case of S3F80J9, the size of flash memory is 32K-bytes.
2. IPOR can be enabled or disabled by IPOR / LVD control bit in the smart option. (Refer to Figure 2-2)
1-4
S3F80J9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
PIN ASSIGNMENTS (28PIN)
VSS
XOUT
XIN
TEST
P2.5/INT9
P2.6/INT9
nRESET
P2.7/INT9
P1.0
P1.1
P1.2
P1.3
P0.0/INT0
P0.1/INT1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
S3F80J9
(Top View)
28-SOP
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
VDD
P3.1/REM/T0CK/SCLK
P3.0/T0PWM/T0CAP/T1CAP/SDAT
P2.4/INT9
P2.3/INT8
P2.2/INT7
P2.1/INT6
P2.0/INT5
P0.7/INT4
P0.6/INT4
P0.5/INT4
P0.4/INT4
P0.3/INT3
P0.2/INT2
Figure 1-3. Pin Assignment Diagram (28-Pin SOP Package)
1-5
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3F80J9
PIN ASSIGNMENTS (32PIN)
VSS
XOUT
XIN
TEST
P2.5/INT9
P2.6/INT9
nRESET
P2.7/INT9
P1.0
P1.1
P1.2
P1.3
P1.4
P1.5
P1.6
P1.7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
S3F80J9
(Top View)
32-SOP
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
VDD
P3.1/REM/T0CK/SCLK
P3.0/T0PWM/T0CAP/T1CAP/SDAT
P2.4/INT9
P2.3/INT8
P2.2/INT7
P2.1/INT6
P2.0/INT5
P0.7/INT4
P0.6/INT4
P0.5/INT4
P0.4/INT4
P0.3/INT3
P0.2/INT2
P0.1/INT1
P0.0/INT0
Figure 1-4. Pin Assignment Diagram (32-Pin SOP Package)
1-6
S3F80J9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Table 1-1. Pin Descriptions of 28-SOP
Pin
Names
Pin
Type
P0.0–P0.7
I/O
P1.0–P1.3
Pin Description
Circuit
Type
28 Pin
No.
Shared
Functions
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to
input or push-pull output mode. Pull-up resistors are
assignable by software. Pins can be assigned
individually as external interrupt inputs with noise
filters, interrupt enable/ disable, and interrupt
pending control. SED&R(note) circuit built in port0 for
STOP releasing.
1
13-20
Ext. INT
(INT0–INT3)
(INT4)
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to
input mode or output mode. Pin circuits are either
push-pull or n-channel open-drain type. After reset,
init status is C-MOS input.
2
9-12
–
P2.0–P2.3
P2.4–P2.7
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to
input or push-pull output mode. Pull-up resistors can
be assigned by software. Pins can be assigned
individually as external interrupt inputs with noise
filters, interrupt enable/disable, and interrupt pending
control. SED&R(note) circuit built in P2.4-P.7 for
STOP releasing.
1
21-25
29,5,6,8
Ext. INT
(INT5–INT8)
(INT9)
P3.0
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pin. Configurable to
input mode, push-pull output mode, or n-channel
open-drain output mode. Input mode with a pull-up
resistor can be assigned by software.
This port 3 pin has high current drive capability.
Also P3.0 can be assigned individually as an output
pin for T0PWM or input pin for T0CAP.
In the tool mode, P3.0 is assigned as serial MTP
interface pin; SDAT
3
26
T0PWM/T0CAP
(SDAT)
P3.1
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pin. Configurable to
input mode, push-pull output mode, or n-channel
open-drain output mode. Input mode with a pull-up
resistor can be assigned by software.
This port 3pin has high current drive capability.
Also P3.1 can be assigned individually as an output
pin for REM.
In the tool mode, P3.1 is assigned as serial MTP
interface pin; SCLK
4
27
REM
(SCLK)
XIN, XOUT
–
System clock input and output pins
–
2,3
–
nRESET
I
System reset signal input pin and back-up mode
input.
6
7
–
TEST
I
Test signal input pin (for factory use only; must be
connected to VSS).
–
4
–
VDD
–
Power supply input pin
–
28
–
VSS
–
Ground pin
–
1
–
1-7
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3F80J9
Table 1-2. Pin Descriptions of 32-SOP
Pin
Names
Pin
Type
P0.0–P0.7
I/O
P1.0–P1.3
Pin Description
Circuit
Type
32 Pin
No.
Shared
Functions
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to input
or push-pull output mode. Pull-up resistors are assignable
by software. Pins can be assigned individually as external
interrupt inputs with noise filters, interrupt enable/ disable,
and interrupt pending control. SED&R(note) circuit built in
port0 for STOP releasing.
1
17-24
Ext. INT
(INT0–INT3)
(INT4)
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to input
mode or output mode. Pin circuits are either push-pull or nchannel open-drain type. After reset, init status is C-MOS
input.
2
9-16
–
P1.4–P1.7
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to input
mode or output mode. Pin circuits are either push-pull or nchannel open-drain type. After reset, init status is C-MOS
input with pull-up mode.
2
9-16
–
P2.0–P2.3
P2.4–P2.7
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to input
or push-pull output mode. Pull-up resistors can be assigned
by software. Pins can be assigned individually as external
interrupt inputs with noise filters, interrupt enable/disable,
and interrupt pending control. SED&R (note) circuit built in
P2.4–P2.7 for STOP releasing.
1
25-28
29,5,6,8
Ext. INT
(INT5–INT8)
(INT9)
P3.0
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pin. Configurable to input
mode, push-pull output mode, or n-channel open-drain
output mode. Input mode with a pull-up resistor can be
assigned by software. This port 3pin has high current drive
capability. Also P3.0 can be assigned individually as an
output pin for T0PWM or input pin for T0CAP. In the tool
mode, P3.0 is assigned as serial MTP interface pin; SDAT
3
30
T0PWM/T0CAP
(SDAT)
P3.1
I/O
I/O port with bit-programmable pin. Configurable to input
mode, push-pull output mode, or n-channel open-drain
output mode. Input mode with a pull-up resistor can be
assigned by software. This port 3 pin has high current drive
capability. Also P3.1 can be assigned individually as an
output pin for REM.
4
31
REM
(SCLK)
In the tool mode, P3.1 is assigned as serial MTP interface
pin; SCLK
XIN, XOUT
–
System clock input and output pins
–
2,3
–
nRESET
I
System reset signal input pin and back-up mode input.
6
7
–
TEST
I
Test signal input pin
(for factory use only; must be connected to VSS).
–
4
–
VDD
VSS
–
Power supply input pin
–
32
–
–
Ground pin
–
1
–
NOTE: SED&R means “STOP Error Detect & Recovery”. The Stop Error Detect & Recovery Circuit is used to release stop
mode and prevent abnormal-stop mode. Refer to page 8-12.
1-8
S3F80J9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
PIN CIRCUITS
VDD
Pull-up
Resistor
Pull-up
Enable
VDD
Data
INPUT/OUTPUT
Output Disable
VSS
External
Interrupt
Stop
Noise
Filter
Stop
Release
Figure 1-5. Pin Circuit Type 1 (Port 0 and Port2)
1-9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3F80J9
PIN CIRCUITS (Continued)
VDD
Pull-up
Resistor
Pull-up
Enable
VDD
Data
INPUT/OUTPUT
Open-Drain
Output Disable
VSS
Normal
Input
Noise
Filter
Figure 1-6. Pin Circuit Type 2 (Port 1)
1-10
S3F80J9
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Pin Circuits (Continued)
VDD
Pull-up
Resistor
Pull-up
Enable
P3CON.2
VDD
Port 3.0 Data
T0_PWM
M
U
X
Data
P3.0/T0PWM/T0CAP/
(T1CAP)
Open-Drain
Output Disable
VSS
P3.0 Input
P3CON.2,6,7
T0CAP/(T1CAP)
M
U
X
Noise filter
Figure 1-7. Pin Circuit Type 3 (P3.0)
1-11
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
S3F80J9
PIN CIRCUITS (Continued)
VDD
Pull-up
Resistor
Pull-up
Enable
P3CON.5
VDD
M
U
X
Port 3.1 Data
CACON.0
Carrier On/Off (P3.7)
Data
P3.1/REM/(T0CK)
Open-Drain
Output
Disable
VSS
P3.1 Input
P3CON.5,6,7
T0CK
M
U
X
Noise filter
Figure 1-8. Pin Circuit Type 4 (P3.1) Circuit
VDD
Pull-up
Resistor
nRESET
Figure 1-9. Pin Circuit Type 6 (nRESET)
1-12
S3F80J9
2
ADDRESS SPACE
ADDRESS SPACE
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 micro-controller has two types of address space:
— Internal program memory (Flash memory)
— Internal register file
A 16-bit address bus supports program memory operations. A separate 8-bit register bus carries addresses and
data between the CPU and the register file.
The S3F80J9 has a programmable internal 32/16-Kbytes Flash ROM. An external memory interface is not
implemented.
There are 321 mapped registers in the internal register file. Of these, 272 are for general-purpose use. (This
number includes a 16-byte working register common area that is used as a “scratch area” for data operations, a
192-byte prime register area, and a 64-byte area (Set 2) that is also used for stack operations). Forty-nine 8-bit
registers are used for CPU and system control and peripheral control and data registers.
.
2-1
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
PROGRAM MEMORY
S3F80J9 (See Figure 2-1)
– ROM Size: Internal Programmable Flash 32K-bytes
– Program Memory Address Range: 0000H–7FFFH
– Executable RAM: FE80H–FFFFH
Program memory (Flash memory) stores program code or table data. The first 256 bytes of the program memory
(0H–0FFH) are reserved for interrupt vector addresses. Unused locations (0000H–00FFH except 03CH, 03DH,
03EH, and 03FH) in this address range can be used as normal program memory. The location 03CH, 03DH,
03EH and 03FH are used as smart option ROM cell. If you use the vector address area to store program code, be
careful to avoid overwriting vector addresses stored in these locations.
The program memory address at which program execution starts after reset is 0100H(default). If you use ISPTM
sectors as the ISPTM software storage, the reset vector address can be changed by setting the smart option(Refer
to Figure 2-3).
(Decimal)
65,536
(HEX)
384(256+128)byte
Internal RAM
32,768
FFFFH
FE80H
7FFFH
Internal
S3F80J9(32K-bytes)
Program
Memory
(Flash)
01FFH, 02FFH, 04FFH or 08FFH
Note 1
ISP Sector
255
0FFH
Interrupt Vector Area
Smart Option Rom Cell
03FH
03CH
0
00H
Figure 2-1. S3F80J9 Program Memory Address Space
NOTES
1. The size of ISPTM sector can be varied by Smart Option(Refer to Figure 2-3). According to the smart
option setting related to the ISP, ISP reset vector address can be changed one of addresses to be
select (200H, 300H, 500H or 900H).
2. ISPTM sector can store On Board Program Software (Refer to chapter 15. Embedded Flash Memory
Interface).
2-2
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
SMART OPTION
Smart option is the program memory option for starting condition of the chip. The program memory addresses
used by smart option are from 003CH to 003FH. The S3F80J9 only use 003EH and 003FH. User can write any
value in the not used addresses (003CH and 003DH). The default value of smart option bits in program memory is
0FFH (Operating Frequency 1MHz-8MHz, IPOR disable, LVD enable in the stop mode, Normal reset vector, OBP
sector disable). Before execution the program memory code, user can set the smart option bits according to the
hardware option for user to want to select.
ROM Address: 003CH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
.1
.0
LSB
.1
.0
LSB
Not used
ROM Address: 003DH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Not used
ROM Address: 003EH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit:(Note1)
0 = OBP Reset vector address
1 = Normal vector (address 100H)
.4
.3
.2
Not used
ISP Reset Vector Address Selection Bits:(Note2)
00 = 200H (ISP Area size: 256 bytes)
01 = 300H (ISP Area size: 512 bytes)
10 = 500H (ISP Area size: 1024 bytes)
11 = 900H (ISP Area size: 2048 bytes)
ISP Protection Size
Selection Bits:(Note4)
00 = 256 bytes
01 = 512 bytes
10 = 1024 bytes
11 = 2048 bytes
ISP Protection Enable/Disable Bit:(Note3)
0 = Enable (Not erasable)
1 = Disable (Erasable)
ROM Address: 003FH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Frequency Selection Bits(Note7)
:Operating Frequency Range
11110 = 1MHz ~4MHz
11111 = 1MHz ~8MHz
.1
.0
LSB
Not used
IPOR / LVD Control Bit:
0 = IPOR enable
LVD disable in the stop mode(Note5)
1 = IPOR disable
LVD enable in the stop mode (Note6)
Figure 2-2. Smart Option
2-3
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
NOTES
1. By setting ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit (3EH.7) to ‘0’, user can have the available ISP
area.
If ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit (3EH.7) is ‘1’, 3EH.6 and 3EH.5 are meaningless.
2. If ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit (3EH.7) is ‘0’, user must change ISP reset vector address
from 0100H to some address which user want to set reset address (0200H, 0300H, 0500H or 0900H).
If the reset vector address is 0200H, the ISP area can be assigned from 0100H to 01FFH (256bytes).
If 0300H, the ISP area can be assigned from 0100H to 02FFH (512bytes). If 0500H, the ISP area can
be assigned from 0100H to 04FFH (1024bytes). If 0900H, the ISP area can be assigned from 0100H
to 08FFH (2048bytes).
3. If ISP Protection Enable/Disable Bit is ‘0’, user can’t erase or program the ISP area selected by 3EH.1
and 3EH.0 in flash memory.
4. User can select suitable ISP protection size by 3EH.1 and 3EH.0. If ISP Protection Enable/Disable Bit
(3EH.2) is ‘1’, 3EH.1 and 3EH.0 are meaningless.
5. If IPOR / LVD Control Bit (3FH.7) is '0', IPOR is enabled regardless of operating mode and LVD block
is disabled in the STOP mode. So, the current consumption in the stop mode can be decreased by
setting IPOR / LVD Control Bit (3FH.7) to ‘0’. Although LVD block is disabled, IPOR can make power
on reset on the behalf of LVD. When CPU wakes up by any interrupts or reset sources, CPU comes
back normal operating mode and LVD block is re-enabled automatically. But, user can’t disable LVD
in the normal operating mode.
6.
If IPOR / LVD Control Bit (3FH.7) is '1', LVD block will not be disabled in the STOP mode. In this
case, LVD can make power on reset and IPOR is disabled in the normal operating and STOP mode.
7. If Frequency Selection Bits (3FH.6-2) are '11110', operating max frequency is from 1MHz to 4MHz,
and operating voltage range is from 1.7V to 3.6V. If Frequency Selection Bits (3FH.6-2) are ‘11111’,
operating max frequency is from 1MHz to 8MHz, and operating voltage range is from 1.95V to 3.6V.
2-4
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
REGISTER ARCHITECTURE
In the S3F80J9 implementation, the upper 64-byte area of register files is expanded two 64-byte areas, called set
1 and set 2. The upper 32-byte area of set 1 is further expanded two 32-byte register banks (bank 0 and bank 1),
and the lower 32-byte area is a single 32-byte common area.
In case of S3F80J9 the total number of addressable 8-bit registers is 321. Of these 321 registers, 49 bytes are for
CPU and system control registers and peripheral control and data registers, 16 bytes are used as shared working
registers, and 272 registers are for general-purpose use.
The extension of register space into separately addressable areas (sets, banks) is supported by various
addressing mode restrictions: the select bank instructions, SB0 and SB1.
Specific register types and the area occupied in the S3F80J9 internal register space are summarized in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1. S3F80J9 Register Type Summary
Register Type
Number of Bytes
General-purpose registers (including the 16-byte common
working register area, the 64-byte set 2 area and 192-byte prime
register area of page 0)
272
CPU and system control registers and mapped clock, peripheral,
and I/O control and data registers
49
Total Addressable Bytes
321
2-5
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
Set 1
Set 2
Bank1
FFH
64
Bytes
Bank 0
System and
Peripheral
Control Register
(Register Addressing
Mode)
E0H
DFH
D0H
CFH
System Register
(Register Addressing
Mode)
32
Bytes
Page 0
E0H
General Purpose
Data Register
32
Bytes
(Indirect Register or
Indexed Addressing
Modes or
Stack Operations)
FFH
256
Bytes
Working Register
(Working Register
Addressing only)
C0H
C0H
BFH
Page 0
192
Bytes
Prime
Data Register
(All Addressing
Mode)
00H
Figure 2-3. Internal Register File Organization
2-6
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
REGISTER PAGE POINTER (PP)
The S3C8/S3F8-series architecture supports the logical expansion of the physical 321-byte internal register files
(using an 8-bit data bus) into as many as 16 separately addressable register pages. Page addressing is controlled
by the register page pointer PP(DFH, Set 1, Bank0). In the S3F80J9 microcontroller, a paged register file
expansion is not implemented and the register page pointer settings therefore always point to “page 0”.
Following a reset, the page pointer's source value (lower nibble) and destination value (upper nibble) are always
'0000'automatically. Therefore, S3F80J9 is always selected page 0 as the source and destination page for
register addressing. These page pointer (PP) register settings, as shown in Figure 2-5, should not be modified
during normal operation.
Register Page Pointer (PP)
DFH , Set 1, Bank0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
Destination Register Page Seleciton Bits:
0 0 0 0
NOTE:
Destination: page 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Source Register Page Selection Bits:
0 0 0 0
Source: page 0
A hardware reset operation writes the 4-bit destination and source values shown
above to the register page pointer. These values should not be modified to
address other pages.
Figure 2-4. Register Page Pointer (PP)
2-7
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
REGISTER SET1
The term set 1 refers to the upper 64 bytes of the register file, locations C0H–FFH.
The upper 32-byte area of this 64-byte space (E0H–FFH) is divided into two 32-byte register banks, bank 0 and
bank 1. The set register bank instructions SB0 or SB1 are used to address one bank or the other. In the S3F80J9
microcontroller, bank 1 is implemented. The set register bank instructions, SB0 or SB1, are used to address one
bank or the other. A hardware reset operation always selects bank 0 addressing.
The upper two 32-byte area of set 1, bank 0, (E0H–FFH) contains 31 mapped system and peripheral control
registers. Also the upper 32-byte area of set1, bank1 (E0H–FFH) contains 16 mapped peripheral control registers.
The lower 32-byte area contains 15 system registers (D0H–DFH) and a 16-byte common working register area
(C0H–CFH). You can use the common working register area as a “scratch” area for data operations being
performed in other areas of the register file.
Registers in set 1 locations are directly accessible at all times using the Register addressing mode. The 16-byte
working register area can only be accessed using working register addressing. (For more information about
working register addressing, please refer to Chapter 3, “Addressing Modes,”)
REGISTER SET 2
The same 64-byte physical space that is used for set 1 locations C0H–FFH is logically duplicated to add another
64 bytes of register space. This expanded area of the register file is called set 2. The set 2 locations (C0H–FFH)
are accessible on page 0 in the S3F80J9 register space.
The logical division of set 1 and set 2 is maintained by means of addressing mode restrictions: You can use only
Register addressing mode to access set 1 locations; to access registers in set 2, you must use Register Indirect
addressing mode or Indexed addressing mode.
The set2 register area is commonly used for stack operations.
2-8
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
PRIME REGISTER SPACE
The lower 192 bytes of the 256-byte physical internal register file (00H–BFH) are called the prime register space
or, more simply, the prime area. You can access registers in this address using any addressing mode. (In other
words, there is no addressing mode restriction for these registers, as is the case for set 1 and set 2 registers.).
The prime register area on page 0 is immediately addressable following a reset.
Set 1
Bank 0
FFH
Bank 1
FFH
FCH
Page 0
Set 2
E0H
D0H
C0H
C0H
BFH
CPU and system control
Page 0
Prime
Register
Area
General-purpose
Peripheral and IO
00H
Figure 2-5. Set 1, Set 2, and Prime Area Register Map
2-9
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
WORKING REGISTERS
Instructions can access specific 8-bit registers or 16-bit register pairs using either 4-bit or 8-bit address fields.
When 4-bit working register addressing is used, the 256-byte register file can be seen by the programmer as
consisting of 32 8-byte register groups or "slices." Each slice consists of eight 8-bit registers.
Using the two 8-bit register pointers, RP1 and RP0, two working register slices can be selected at any one time to
form a 16-byte working register block. Using the register pointers, you can move this 16-byte register block
anywhere in the addressable register file, except for the set 2 area.
The terms slice and block are used in this manual to help you visualize the size and relative locations of selected
working register spaces:
— One working register slice is 8 bytes (eight 8-bit working registers; R0–R7 or R8–R15)
— One working register block is 16 bytes (sixteen 8-bit working registers; R0–R15)
All of the registers in an 8-byte working register slice have the same binary value for their five most significant
address bits. This makes it possible for each register pointer to point to one of the 24 slices in the register file. The
base addresses for the two selected 8-byte register slices are contained in register pointers RP0 and RP1.
After a reset, RP0 and RP1 always point to the 16-byte common area in set 1 (C0H–CFH).
Slice 32
FFH
F8H
F7H
F0H
1 1 1 1 1 X X X
Set 1
Only
RP1 (Registers R8-R15)
Each register pointer points to
one 8-byte slice of the register
space, selecting a total 16-byte
working register block.
CFH
C0H
~
~
0 0 0 0 0 X X X
RP0 (Registers R0-R7)
Slice 1
Figure 2-6. 8-Byte Working Register Areas (Slices)
2-10
10H
0FH
08H
07H
00H
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
USING THE REGISTER POINTERS
Register pointers RP0 and RP1, mapped to addresses D6H and D7H in set 1, are used to select two movable
8-byte working register slices in the register file. After a reset, they point to the working register common area:
RP0 points to addresses C0H–C7H, and RP1 points to addresses C8H–CFH.
To change a register pointer value, you load a new value to RP0 and/or RP1 using an SRP or LD instruction (see
Figures 2-6 and 2-7).
With working register addressing, you can only access those two 8-bit slices of the register file that are currently
pointed to by RP0 and RP1. You cannot, however, use the register pointers to select a working register space in
set 2, C0H–FFH, because these locations can be accessed only using the Indirect Register or Indexed
addressing modes.
The selected 16-byte working register block usually consists of two contiguous 8-byte slices. As a general
programming guideline, we recommend that RP0 point to the "lower" slice and RP1 point to the "upper" slice (see
Figure 2-6). In some cases, it may be necessary to define working register areas in different (non-contiguous)
areas of the register file. In Figure 2-7, RP0 points to the "upper" slice and RP1 to the "lower" slice.
Because a register pointer can point to the either of the two 8-byte slices in the working register block, you can
define the working register area very flexibly to support program requirements.
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Setting the Register Pointers
SRP
SRP1
SRP0
CLR
LD
#70H
#48H
#0A0H
RP0
RP1,#0F8H
;
;
;
;
;
RP0
RP0
RP0
RP0
RP0
←
←
←
←
←
70H, RP1 ← 78H
no change, RP1 ← 48H,
A0H, RP1 ← no change
00H, RP1 ← no change
no change, RP1 ← 0F8H
Register File
Contains 32
8-Byte Slices
0 0 0 0 1 X X X
0FH (R15)
RP1
8-Byte Slice
0 0 0 0 0 X X X
8-Byte Slice
RP0
08H
07H
00H (R0)
16-byte
contiguous
working
register block
Figure 2-7. Contiguous 16-Byte Working Register Block
2-11
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
F7H (R7)
8-Byte Slice
F0H (R0)
Register File
Contains 32
8-Byte Slices
1 1 1 1 0 X X X
16-byte non-contiguous
working register block
RP0
07H (R15)
0 0 0 0 0 X X X
8-Byte Slice
00H (R0)
RP1
Figure 2-8. Non-Contiguous 16-Byte Working Register Block
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Using the RPs to Calculate the Sum of a Series of Registers
Calculate the sum of registers 80H–85H using the register pointer. The register addresses 80H through 85H
contains the values 10H, 11H, 12H, 13H, 14H, and 15 H, respectively:
SRP0
ADD
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADC
#80H
R0,R1
R0,R2
R0,R3
R0,R4
R0,R5
;
;
;
;
;
;
RP0 ← 80H
R0 ← R0 +
R0 ← R0 +
R0 ← R0 +
R0 ← R0 +
R0 ← R0 +
R1
R2 + C
R3 + C
R4 + C
R5 + C
The sum of these six registers, 6FH, is located in the register R0 (80H). The instruction string used in this
example takes 12 bytes of instruction code and its execution time is 36 cycles. If the register pointer is not used to
calculate the sum of these registers, the following instruction sequence would have to be used:
ADD
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADC
80H,81H
80H,82H
80H,83H
80H,84H
80H,85H
;
;
;
;
;
80H
80H
80H
80H
80H
←
←
←
←
←
(80H)
(80H)
(80H)
(80H)
(80H)
+
+
+
+
+
(81H)
(82H)
(83H)
(84H)
(85H)
+
+
+
+
C
C
C
C
Now, the sum of the six registers is also located in register 80H. However, this instruction string takes 15 bytes of
instruction code instead of 12 bytes, and its execution time is 50 cycles instead of 36 cycles.
2-12
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
REGISTER ADDRESSING
The S3C8/S3F8-series register architecture provides an efficient method of working register addressing that takes
full advantage of shorter instruction formats to reduce execution time.
With Register (R) addressing mode, in which the operand value is the content of a specific register or register
pair, you can access all locations in the register file except for set 2. With working register addressing, you use a
register pointer to specify an 8-byte working register space in the register file and an 8-bit register within that
space.
Registers are addressed either as a single 8-bit register or as a paired 16-bit register space. In a 16-bit register
pair, the address of the first 8-bit register is always an even number and the address of the next register is always
an odd number. The most significant byte of the 16-bit data is always stored in the even-numbered register; the
least significant byte is always stored in the next (+ 1) odd-numbered register.
Working register addressing differs from Register addressing because it uses a register pointer to identify a
specific 8-byte working register space in the internal register file and a specific 8-bit register within that space.
MSB
LSB
Rn
Rn+1
n = Even address
Figure 2-9. 16-Bit Register Pair
2-13
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
Special-Purpose Registers
Bank 1
General-Purpose Registers
Bank 0
FFH
FFH
Control
Registers
E0H
Set 2
System
Registers
D0H
CFH
C0H
BFH
C0H
RP1
Register
Pointers
RP0
Each register pointer (RP) can independently point to one
of the 24 8-byte "slices" of the register file (other than set
2). After a reset, RP0 points to locations C0H-C7H and
RP1 to locations C8H-CFH (that is, to the common
working register area).
NOTE:
Prime
Registers
In the S3F80J9/S3F80J5 microcontroller,only
page0 is implemented.Page0 containsall of the
addressable registers in the internal register file.
00H
Register Addressing Only
Can be Pointed by Register Pointer
Figure 2-10. Register File Addressing
2-14
Page 0
Page 0
All
Addressing
Modes
Indirect
Register,
Indexed
Addressing
Modes
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
COMMON WORKING REGISTER AREA (C0H–CFH)
After a reset, register pointers RP0 and RP1 automatically select two 8-byte register slices in set 1, locations
C0H–CFH, as the active 16-byte working register block:
RP0 → C0H–C7H
RP1 → C8H–CFH
This 16-byte address range is called common area. That is, locations in this area can be used as working
registers by operations that address any location on any page in the register file. Typically, these working
registers serve as temporary buffers for data operations.
FFH
Set 1
FFH
Page 0
F0H
E0H
Set 2
D0H
C0H
BFH
C0H
Page 0
Following a hareware reset, register
pointers RP0 and RP1 point to the
common working register
area, locations C0H-CFH.
RP0 =
1 1 0 0
0 0 0 0
RP1 =
1 1 0 0
1 0 0 0
~
Prime
Area
~
00H
Figure 2-11. Common Working Register Area
2-15
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Addressing the Common Working Register Area
As the following examples show, you should access working registers in the common area, locations C0H–CFH,
using working register addressing mode only.
Example 1:
LD
0C2H,40H
; Invalid addressing mode!
Use working register addressing instead:
SRP
LD
#0C0H
R2,40H
; R2 (C2H) ← the value in location 40H
ADD
0C3H,#45H
; Invalid addressing mode!
Example 2:
Use working register addressing instead:
SRP
ADD
#0C0H
R3,#45H
; R3 (C3H) ← R3 + 45H
4-BIT WORKING REGISTER ADDRESSING
Each register pointer defines a movable 8-byte slice of working register space. The address information stored in
a register pointer serves as an addressing "window" that makes it possible for instructions to access working
registers very efficiently using short 4-bit addresses. When an instruction addresses a location in the selected
working register area, the address bits are concatenated in the following way to form a complete 8-bit address:
— The high-order bit of the 4-bit address selects one of the register pointers ("0" selects RP0; "1" selects RP1);
— The five high-order bits in the register pointer select an 8-byte slice of the register space;
— The three low-order bits of the 4-bit address select one of the eight registers in the slice.
As shown in Figure 2-11, the result of this operation is that the five high-order bits from the register pointer are
concatenated with the three low-order bits from the instruction address to form the complete address. As long as
the address stored in the register pointer remains unchanged, the three bits from the address will always point to
an address in the same 8-byte register slice.
Figure 2-12 shows a typical example of 4-bit working register addressing. The high-order bit of the instruction
'INC R6' is "0", which selects RP0. The five high-order bits stored in RP0 (01110B) are concatenated with the
three low-order bits of the instruction's 4-bit address (110B) to produce the register address 76H (01110110B).
2-16
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
RP0
RP1
Selects
RP0 or RP1
Address
OPCODE
4-bit address
procides three
low-order bits
Register pointer
provides five
high-order bits
Together they create an
8-bit register address
Figure 2-12. 4-Bit Working Register Addressing
RP1
RP0
0 1 1 1 0
0 0 0
0 1 1 1 1
0 0 0
Selects RP0
0 1 1 1 0
1 1 0
Register
address
(76H)
R6
OPCODE
0 1 1 0
1 1 1 0
Instruction:
'INC R6'
Figure 2-13. 4-Bit Working Register Addressing Example
2-17
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
8-BIT WORKING REGISTER ADDRESSING
You can also use 8-bit working register addressing to access registers in a selected working register area. To
initiate 8-bit working register addressing, the upper four bits of the instruction address must contain the value
1100B. This 4-bit value (1100B) indicates that the remaining four bits have the same effect as 4-bit working
register addressing.
As shown in Figure 2-13, the lower nibble of the 8-bit address is concatenated in much the same way as for 4-bit
addressing: Bit 3 selects either RP0 or RP1, which then supplies the five high-order bits of the final address. The
three low-order bits of the complete address are provided by the original instruction.
Figure 2-14 shows an example of 8-bit working register addressing. The four high-order bits of the instruction
address (1100B) specify 8-bit working register addressing. Bit 4 ("1") selects RP1 and the five high-order bits in
RP1 (10101B) become the five high-order bits of the register address. The three low-order bits of the register
address (011) are provided by the three low-order bits of the 8-bit instruction address. The five-address bits from
RP1 and the three address bits from the instruction are concatenated to form the complete register address,
0ABH (10101011B).
RP0
RP1
Selects
RP0 or RP1
These address
bits indicate
8-bit working
register
addressing
Address
1
1
0
0
Register pointer
provides five
high-order bits
8-bit logical
address
Three loworder bits
8-bit physical address
Figure 2-14. 8-Bit Working Register Addressing
2-18
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
RP1
RP0
0 1 1 1 0
0 0 0
1 0 1 0 1
0 0 0
Selects RP1
R11
1 1 0 0
1
0 1 1
8-bit address
from instruction
'LD R11, R2'
Specifies working
register addressing
Register address (0ABH)
1 0 1 0 1
0 1 1
Figure 2-15. 8-Bit Working Register Addressing Example
2-19
ADDRESS SPACES
S3F80J9
SYSTEM AND USER STACKS
S3C8/S3F8-series microcontrollers use the system stack for subroutine calls and returns and to store data. The
PUSH and POP instructions are used to control system stack operations. The S3F80J9 architecture supports
stack operations in the internal register file.
Stack Operations
Return addresses for procedure calls, interrupts and data are stored on the stack. The contents of the PC are
saved to stack by a CALL instruction and restored by the RET instruction. When an interrupt occurs, the contents
of the PC and the FLAGS registers are pushed to the stack. The IRET instruction then pops these values back to
their original locations. The stack address value is always decreased by one before a push operation and
increased by one after a pop operation. The stack pointer (SP) always points to the stack frame stored on the top
of the stack, as shown in Figure 2-15.
High Address
PCL
PCL
PCH
Top of
stack
PCH
Top of
stack
Stack contents
after a call
instruction
Flags
Stack contents
after an
interrupt
Low Address
Figure 2-16. Stack Operations
User-Defined Stacks
You can freely define stacks in the internal register file as data storage locations. The instructions PUSHUI,
PUSHUD, POPUI, and POPUD support user-defined stack operations.
Stack Pointers (SPL)
Register location D9H contains the 8-bit stack pointer (SPL) that is used for system stack operations. After a
reset, the SPL value is undetermined. Because only internal memory 256-byte is implemented in The S3F80J9,
the SPL must be initialized to an 8-bit value in the range 00–FFH.
2-20
S3F80J9
ADDRESS SPACES
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Standard Stack Operations Using PUSH and POP
The following example shows you how to perform stack operations in the internal register file using PUSH and
POP instructions:
LD
SPL,#0FFH
; SPL ← FFH
; (Normally, the SPL is set to 0FFH by the initialization
; routine)
PP
RP0
RP1
R3
;
;
;
;
Stack address 0FEH ←
Stack address 0FDH ←
Stack address 0FCH ←
Stack address 0FBH ←
R3
RP1
RP0
PP
;
;
;
;
R3 ← Stack address 0FBH
RP1 ← Stack address 0FCH
RP0 ← Stack address 0FDH
PP ← Stack address 0FEH
•
•
•
PUSH
PUSH
PUSH
PUSH
PP
RP0
RP1
R3
•
•
•
POP
POP
POP
POP
2-21
S3F80J9
3
ADDRESSING MODES
ADDRESSING MODES
OVERVIEW
The program counter is used to fetch instructions that are stored in program memory for execution. Instructions
indicate the operation to be performed and the data to be operated on. Addressing mode is the method used to
determine the location of the data operand. The operands specified in instructions may be condition codes,
immediate data, or a location in the register file, program memory, or data memory.
The S3C8/S3F8-series instruction set supports seven explicit addressing modes. Not all of these addressing
modes are available for each instruction:
— Register (R)
— Indirect Register (IR)
— Indexed (X)
— Direct Address (DA)
— Indirect Address (IA)
— Relative Address (RA)
— Immediate (IM)
3-1
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
REGISTER ADDRESSING MODE (R)
In Register addressing mode, the operand is the content of a specified register or register pair (see Figure 3-1).
Working register addressing differs from Register addressing because it uses a register pointer to specify an 8byte working register space in the register file and an 8-bit register within that space (see Figure 3-2).
Program Memory
8-bit register
file address
dst
OPCODE
Register File
OPERAND
Points to one
register in register
file
One-Operand
Instruction
(Example)
Value used in
instruction execution
Sample Instruction:
DEC
CNTR
;
Where CNTR is the label of an 8-bit register address
Figure 3-1. Register Addressing
Register File
MSB Points to
RP0 ot RP1
RP0 or RP1
Selected RP
points
to start
of working
register
block
Program Memory
4-bit
Working Register
dst
src
OPCODE
Two-Operand
Instruction
(Example)
3 LSBs
Points to the
woking register
(1 of 8)
OPERAND
Sample Instruction:
ADD
R1, R2
;
Where R1 and R2 are registers in the curruntly
selected working register area.
Figure 3-2. Working Register Addressing
3-2
S3F80J9
ADDRESSING MODES
INDIRECT REGISTER ADDRESSING MODE (IR)
In Indirect Register (IR) addressing mode, the content of the specified register or register pair is the address of the
operand. Depending on the instruction used, the actual address may point to a register in the register file, to
program memory (ROM), or to an external memory space, if implemented (see Figures 3-3 through 3-6).
You can use any 8-bit register to indirectly address another register. Any 16-bit register pair can be used to
indirectly address another memory location. Remember, however, that locations C0H–FFH in set 1 cannot be
accessed using Indirect Register addressing mode.
Program Memory
8-bit register
file address
Register File
dst
OPCODE
ADDRESS
Points to one
register in register
file
One-Operand
Instruction
(Example)
Address of operand
used by instruction
Value used in
instruction execution
OPERAND
Sample Instruction:
RL
@SHIFT
;
Where SHIFT is the label of an 8-bit register address.
Figure 3-3. Indirect Register Addressing to Register File
3-3
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
INDIRECT REGISTER ADDRESSING MODE (Continued)
Register File
Program Memory
Example
Instruction
References
Program
Memory
dst
OPCODE
Register
Pair
Points to
Register Pair
Program Memory
Sample Instructions:
CALL
JP
@RR2
@RR2
Value used in
instruction
OPERAND
Figure 3-4. Indirect Register Addressing to Program Memory
3-4
16-Bit
Address
Points to
Program
Memory
S3F80J9
ADDRESSING MODES
INDIRECT REGISTER ADDRESSING MODE (Continued)
Register File
MSB Points to
RP0 or RP1
~
Program Memory
4-bit
Working
Register
Address
dst
src
OPCODE
RP0 or RP1
~
3 LSBs
Point to the
Woking Register
(1 of 8)
ADDRESS
~
Sample Instruction:
OR
R3, @R6
Value used in
instruction
Selected
RP points
to start of
woking register
block
~
OPERAND
Figure 3-5. Indirect Working Register Addressing to Register File
3-5
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
INDIRECT REGISTER ADDRESSING MODE (Continued)
Register File
MSB Points to
RP0 or RP1
RP0 or RP1
Selected
RP points
to start of
working
register
block
Program Memory
4-bit Working
Register Address
dst
Example Instruction
References either
Program Memory or
Data Memory
src
OPCODE
Next 2-bit Point
to Working
Register Pair
(1 of 4)
LSB Selects
Value used in
Instruction
Register
Pair
Program Memory
or
Data Memory
16-Bit
address
points to
program
memory
or data
memory
OPERAND
Sample Instructions:
LCD
LDE
LDE
NOTE:
R5,@RR6
R3,@RR14
@RR4, R8
; Program memory access
; External data memory access
; External data memory access
LDE command is not available, because an external interface is not implemented
for the S3F80J9/S3F80J5.
Figure 3-6. Indirect Working Register Addressing to Program or Data Memory
3-6
S3F80J9
ADDRESSING MODES
INDEXED ADDRESSING MODE (X)
Indexed (X) addressing mode adds an offset value to a base address during instruction execution in order to
calculate the effective operand address (see Figure 3–7). You can use Indexed addressing mode to access
locations in the internal register file or in external memory (if implemented). You cannot, however, access
locations C0H–FFH in set 1 using indexed addressing.
In short offset Indexed addressing mode, the 8-bit displacement is treated as a signed integer in the range –128
to +127. This applies to external memory accesses only (see Figure 3–8).
For register file addressing, an 8-bit base address provided by the instruction is added to an 8-bit offset contained
in a working register. For external memory accesses, the base address is stored in the working register pair
designated in the instruction. The 8-bit or 16-bit offset given in the instruction is then added to the base address
(see Figure 3–9).
The only instruction that supports indexed addressing mode for the internal register file is the Load instruction
(LD). The LDC and LDE instructions support indexed addressing mode for internal program memory and for
external data memory (if implemented).
Register File
MSB Points to
RP0 or RP1
RP0 or RP1
~
~
Selected RP
points to
start of
working
register
block
Value used in
Instruction
OPERAND
+
Program Memory
Two-Operand
Instruction
Example
Base Address
dst/src
x
OPCODE
3 LSBs
~
~
INDEX
Points to one of the
Woking Registers
(1 of 8)
Sample Instruction:
LD
R0, #BASE[R1]
;
Where BASE is an 8-bit immediate value.
Figure 3-7. Indexed Addressing to Register File
3-7
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
INDEXED ADDRESSING MODE (Continued)
Register File
MSB Points to
RP0 or RP1
RP0 or RP1
~
~
Program Memory
4-bit Working
Register Address
OFFSET
x
dst/src
OPCODE
Selected
RP points
to start of
working
register
block
NEXT 2 BITS
Point to Working
Register Pair
(1 of 4)
LSB Selects
+
8-Bit
Register
Pair
Program Memory
or
Data Memory
16-Bit
address
added to
offset
16-Bit
16-Bit
OPERAND
Value used in
Instruction
Sample Instructions:
LDC
R4, #04H[RR2]
; The values in the program address (RR2 + 04H)
are loaded into register R4.
; Identical operation to LDC example, except that
external data memory is accessed.
LDE
R4,#04H[RR2]
NOTE:
LDE command is not available, because an external interface is not implemented
for the S3F80J9/S3F80J5.
Figure 3-8. Indexed Addressing to Program or Data Memory with Short Offset
3-8
S3F80J9
ADDRESSING MODES
INDEXED ADDRESSING MODE (Continued)
Register File
MSB Points to
RP0 or RP1
Program Memory
RP0 or RP1
~
~
OFFSET
OFFSET
x
dst/src
4-bit Working
Register Address
OPCODE
Selected
RP points
to start of
working
register
block
NEXT 2 BITS
Point to Working
Register Pair
LSB Selects
+
16-Bit
Register
Pair
Program Memory
or
Data Memory
16-Bit
address
added to
offset
16-Bit
16-Bit
OPERAND
Value used in
Instruction
Sample Instructions:
LDC
R4, #1000H[RR2]
LDE
R4,#1000H[RR2]
NOTE:
; The values in the program address (RR2 + 1000H)
are loaded into register R4.
; Identical operation to LDC example, except that
external data memory is accessed.
LDE command is not available, because an external interface is not implemented
for the S3F80J9/S3F80J5.
Figure 3-9. Indexed Addressing to Program or Data Memory
3-9
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
DIRECT ADDRESS MODE (DA)
In Direct Address (DA) mode, the instruction provides the operand's 16-bit memory address. Jump (JP) and Call
(CALL) instructions use this addressing mode to specify the 16-bit destination address that is loaded into the PC
whenever a JP or CALL instruction is executed.
The LDC and LDE instructions can use Direct Address mode to specify the source or destination address for
Load operations to program memory (LDC) or to external data memory (LDE), if implemented.
Program or
Data Memory
Program Memory
Upper Address Byte
Lower Address Byte
"0" or "1"
dst/src
OPCODE
Memory
Address
Used
LSB Selects Program
Memory or Data Memory:
"0" = Program Memory
"1" = Data Memory
Sample Instructions:
LDC
R5,1234H
;
The values in the program address (1234H)
are loaded into register R5.
Identical operation to LDC example, except
that external data memory is accessed.
LDE
R5,1234H
;
NOTE:
LDE command is not available, because an external interface is not
implemented for the S3F80J9/S3F80J5.
Figure 3-10. Direct Addressing for Load Instructions
3-10
S3F80J9
ADDRESSING MODES
DIRECT ADDRESS MODE (Continued)
Program Memory
Next OPCODE
Program
Memory
Address
Used
Lower Address Byte
Upper Address Byte
OPCODE
Sample Instructions:
JP
CALL
C,JOB1
DISPLAY
;
;
Where JOB1 is a 16-bit immediate address
Where DISPLAY is a 16-bit immediate address
Figure 3-11. Direct Addressing for Call and Jump Instructions
3-11
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
INDIRECT ADDRESS MODE (IA)
In Indirect Address (IA) mode, the instruction specifies an address located in the lowest 256 bytes of the program
memory. The selected pair of memory locations contains the actual address of the next instruction to be executed.
Only the CALL instruction can use the Indirect Address mode.
Because the Indirect Address mode assumes that the operand is located in the lowest 256 bytes of program
memory, only an 8-bit address is supplied in the instruction; the upper bytes of the destination address are
assumed to be all zeros.
Program Memory
Next Instruction
LSB Must be Zero
Current
Instruction
dst
OPCODE
Lower Address Byte
Upper Address Byte
Program Memory
Locations 0-255
Sample Instruction:
CALL
#40H
; The 16-bit value in program memory addresses 40H
and 41H is the subroutine start address.
Figure 3-12. Indirect Addressing
3-12
S3F80J9
ADDRESSING MODES
RELATIVE ADDRESS MODE (RA)
In Relative Address (RA) mode, a two's-complement signed displacement between – 128 and + 127 is specified
in the instruction. The displacement value is then added to the current PC value. The result is the address of the
next instruction to be executed. Before this addition occurs, the PC contains the address of the instruction
immediately following the current instruction.
Several program control instructions use the Relative Address mode to perform conditional jumps. The
instructions that support RA addressing are BTJRF, BTJRT, DJNZ, CPIJE, CPIJNE, and JR.
Program Memory
Next OPCODE
Program Memory
Address Used
Displacement
Current Instruction
OPCODE
Current
PC Value
+
Signed
Displacement Value
Sample Instructions:
JR
ULT,$+OFFSET
;
Where OFFSET is a value in the range +127 to -128
Figure 3-13. Relative Addressing
3-13
ADDRESSING MODES
S3F80J9
IMMEDIATE MODE (IM)
In Immediate (IM) mode, the operand value used in the instruction is the value supplied in the operand field itself.
The operand may be one byte or one word in length, depending on the instruction used. Immediate addressing
mode is useful for loading constant values into registers.
Program Memory
OPERAND
OPCODE
(The operand value is in the instruction)
Sample Instruction:
LD
R0,#0AAH
Figure 3-14. Immediate Addressing
3-14
S3F80J9
4
CONTROL REGISTERS
CONTROL REGISTERS
OVERVIEW
In this section, detailed descriptions of the S3F80J9 control registers are presented in an easy-to-read format.
You can use this section as a quick-reference source when writing application programs. Figure 4-1 illustrates the
important features of the standard register description format.
Control register descriptions are arranged in alphabetical order (A~Z) according to the register mnemonic. More
detailed information about control registers is presented in the context of the specific peripheral hardware
descriptions in Part II of this manual.
Data and counter registers are not described in detail in this reference section. More information about all of the
registers used by a specific peripheral is presented in the corresponding peripheral descriptions in Part II of this
manual.
4-1
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
Table 4-1. Mapped Registers (Bank0, Set1)
Register Name
Mnemonic
Decimal
Hex
R/W
Timer 0 Counter
T0CNT
208
D0H
R (NOTE)
Timer 0 Data Register
T0DATA
209
D1H
R/W
Timer 0 Control Register
T0CON
210
D2H
R/W
Basic Timer Control Register
BTCON
211
D3H
R/W
Clock Control Register
CLKCON
212
D4H
R/W
System Flags Register
FLAGS
213
D5H
R/W
Register Pointer 0
RP0
214
D6H
R/W
Register Pointer 1
RP1
215
D7H
R/W
Location D8H is not mapped.
Stack Pointer (Low Byte)
SPL
217
D9H
R/W
Instruction Pointer (High Byte)
IPH
218
DAH
R/W
Instruction Pointer (Low Byte)
IPL
219
DBH
R/W
Interrupt Request Register
IRQ
220
DCH
R (NOTE)
Interrupt Mask Register
IMR
221
DDH
R/W
System Mode Register
SYM
222
DEH
R/W
Register Page Pointer
PP
223
DFH
R/W
Port 0 Data Register
P0
224
E0H
R/W
Port 1 Data Register
P1
225
E1H
R/W
Port 2 Data Register
P2
226
E2H
R/W
Port 3 Data Register
P3
227
E3H
R/W
Reserved E4H
Port 2 Interrupt Enable Register
P2INT
229
E5H
R/W
Port 2 Interrupt Pending Register
P2PND
230
E6H
R/W
Port 0 Pull-up Resistor Enable Register
P0PUR
231
E7H
R/W
Port 0 Control Register (High Byte)
P0CONH
232
E8H
R/W
Port 0 Control Register (Low Byte)
P0CONL
233
E9H
R/W
Port 1 Control Register (High Byte)
P1CONH(note1)
234
EAH
R/W
Port 1 Control Register (Low Byte)
P1CONL(note2)
235
EBH
R/W
Port 2 Control Register (High Byte)
P2CONH
236
ECH
R/W
Port 2 Control Register (Low Byte)
P2CONL
237
EDH
R/W
Port 2 Pull-up Enable Register
P2PUR
238
EEH
R/W
Port 3 Control Register
P3CON
239
EFH
R/W
Reserved F0H
NOTES:
1. P1CONH is available in case of S3F80J9’s 32-Pin, not 28-Pin.
2. P1CONH’s reset value is 0FFH. After reset, P1.4–.7 become CMOS input with pull-up mode.
4-2
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
Table4-1. Mapped Registers (Continued)
Register Name
Mnemonic
Decimal
Hex
R/W
Port 0 Interrupt Enable Register
P0INT
241
F1H
R/W
Port 0 Interrupt Pending Register
P0PND
242
F2H
R/W
Counter A Control Register
CACON
243
F3H
R/W
Counter A Data Register (High Byte)
CADATAH
244
F4H
R/W
Counter A Data Register (Low Byte)
CADATAL
245
F5H
R/W
Timer 1 Counter Register (High Byte)
T1CNTH
246
F6H
R (NOTE)
Timer 1 Counter Register (Low Byte)
T1CNTL
247
F7H
R (NOTE)
Timer 1 Data Register (High Byte)
T1DATAH
248
F8H
R/W
Timer 1 Data Register (Low Byte)
T1DATAL
249
F9H
R/W
T1CON
250
FAH
R/W
STOPCON
251
FBH
W
BTCNT
253
FDH
R (NOTE)
External Memory Timing Register
EMT
254
FEH
R/W
Interrupt Priority Register
IPR
255
FFH
R/W
Timer 1 Control Register
STOP Control Register
Location FCH is not mapped.
Basic Timer Counter
NOTE: You cannot use a read-only register as a destination for the instructions OR, AND, LD, or LDB.
Table 4-2. Mapped Registers (Bank1, Set1)
Register Name
LVD Control Register
Mnemonic
Decimal
Hex
R/W
LVDCON
224
E0
R/W
Reserved E1H
Reserved E2H
Reserved E3H
Reserved E4H
Reserved E5H
Reserved E6H
Reserved E7H
Reserved E8H
Reserved E9H
Reserved EAH
Reserved EBH
Flash Memory Sector Address Register (High Byte)
FMSECH
236
EC
R/W
Flash Memory Sector Address Register (Low Byte)
FMSECL
237
ED
R/W
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register
FMUSR
238
EE
R/W
Flash Memory Control Register
FMCON
239
EF
R/W
Not mapped in address F0H to 0FFH.
NOTE: You cannot use a read-only register as a destination for the instructions OR, AND, LD, or LDB.
4-3
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
Bit number(s) that is/are appended to the
register name for bit addressing
Register
mnemonic
Full register name
Name of individual
bit or bit function
D5H
FLAGS - System Flags Register
Bit Identifier
Reset Value
Read/Write
.7
Set1
Bank0
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
x
R/W
x
R/W
x
R/W
x
R/W
x
R/W
x
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
Carry Flag Bit (C)
.6
0
Operation dose not generate a carry or borrow condition
1
Operation generates carry-out or borrow into high-order bit7
Zero Flag Bit (Z)
0
Operation result is a non-zero value
1
Operation result is zero
Sign Flag Bit (S)
.5
0
Operation generates positive number (MSB = "0")
1
Operation generates negative number (MSB = "1")
R = Read-only
W = Write-only
R/W = Read/write
' - ' = Not used
Addressing mode or
modes you can use to
modify register values
Description of the
effect of specific
bit settings
RESET value notation:
'-' = Not used
'x' = Undetermind value
'0' = Logic zero
'1' = Logic one
Figure 4-1. Register Description Format
4-4
Register address
(Set )
Register address
(Bank )
Register address
(Hexadecimal)
Bit number:
MSB = Bit 7
LSB = Bit 0
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
BTCON — Basic Timer Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
D3H
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
.1
Bank0
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .4
Watchdog Timer Function Enable Bits (for System Reset)
1
.3 and .2
.1
.0
0
1
0
Disable watchdog timer function
Any other value
Enable watchdog timer function
Basic Timer Input Clock Selection Bits
0
0
fOSC/4096
0
1
fOSC/1024
1
0
fOSC/128
1
1
Not used for S3F80J9.
Basic Timer Counter Clear Bit (1)
0
No effect
1
Clear the basic timer counter value
Clock Frequency Divider Clear Bit for Basic Timer and Timer 0 (2)
0
No effect
1
Clear both block frequency dividers
NOTES:
1. When you write a “1” to BTCON.1, the basic timer counter value is cleared to ‘00H’. Immediately following the write
operation, the BTCON.1 value is automatically cleared to “0”.
2. When you write a "1" to BTCON.0, the corresponding frequency divider is cleared to '00H'. Immediately following the
write operation, the BTCON.0 value is automatically cleared to "0".
4-5
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
CACON — Counter A Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
F3H
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
Bank 0
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
Counter A Input Clock Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3
.2
.1
.0
4-6
0
0
fOSC
0
1
fOSC/2
1
0
fOSC/4
1
1
fOSC/8
Counter A Interrupt Timing Selection Bits
0
0
Elapsed time for Low data value
0
1
Elapsed time for High data value
1
0
Elapsed time for combined Low and High data values
1
1
Not used for S3F80J9.
Counter A Interrupt Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
Counter A Start Bit
0
Stop counter A
1
Start counter A
Counter A Mode Selection Bit
0
One-shot mode
1
Repeating mode
Counter A Output Flip-Flop Control Bit
0
Flip-Flop Low level (T-FF = Low)
1
Flip-flop High level (T-FF = High)
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
CLKCON — System Clock Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
D4H
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
Bank0
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .5
Not used for S3F80J9
.4 and .3
CPU Clock (System Clock) Selection Bits (1)
.2– .0
0
0
fOSC/16
0
1
fOSC/8
1
0
fOSC/2
1
1
fOSC (non-divided)
Subsystem Clock Selection Bits (2)
1
0
1
Other value
Not used for S3F80J9.
Select main system clock (MCLK)
NOTES:
1. After a reset, the slowest clock (divided by 16) is selected as the system clock. To select faster clock speeds, load the
appropriate values to CLKCON.3 and CLKCON.4.
2. These selection bits CLKCON.0,.1,.2 are required only for systems that have a main clock and a subsystem clock. The
S3F80J9 uses only the main oscillator clock circuit. For this reason, the setting '101B' is invalid.
4-7
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
EMT — External Memory Timing Register (NOTE)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
FEH
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
Bank 0
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
–
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
–
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
External WAIT Input Function Enable Bit
.6
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
.1
.0
0
Disable WAIT input function for external device
1
Enable WAIT input function for external device
Slow Memory Timing Enable Bit
0
Disable slow memory timing
1
Enable slow memory timing
Program Memory Automatic Wait Control Bits
0
0
No wait
0
1
Wait one cycle
1
0
Wait two cycles
1
1
Wait three cycles
Data Memory Automatic Wait Control Bits
0
0
No wait
0
1
Wait one cycle
1
0
Wait two cycles
1
1
Wait three cycles
Stack Area Selection Bit
0
Select internal register file area
1
Select external data memory area
Not used for S3F80J9
NOTE: The EMT register is not used for S3F80J9, because an external peripheral interface is not implemented in the
S3F80J9. The program initialization routine should clear the EMT register to '00H' following a reset. Modification of
EMT values during normal operation may cause a system malfunction.
4-8
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
FLAGS — System Flags Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
D5H
.5
.4
.3
Set 1
.2
.1
Bank0
.0
Reset Value
x
x
x
x
x
x
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
Carry Flag Bit (C)
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
Operation does not generate a carry or borrow condition
1
Operation generates a carry-out or borrow into high-order bit 7
Zero Flag Bit (Z)
0
Operation result is a non-zero value
1
Operation result is zero
Sign Flag Bit (S)
0
Operation generates a positive number (MSB = "0")
1
Operation generates a negative number (MSB = "1")
Overflow Flag Bit (V)
0
Operation result is ≤ +127 or ≥ –128
1
Operation result is > +127 or < –128
Decimal Adjust Flag Bit (D)
0
Add operation completed
1
Subtraction operation completed
Half-Carry Flag Bit (H)
0
No carry-out of bit 3 or no borrow into bit 3 by addition or subtraction
1
Addition generated carry-out of bit 3 or subtraction generated borrow into bit 3
Fast Interrupt Status Flag Bit (FIS)
0
Interrupt return (IRET) in progress (when read)
1
Fast interrupt service routine in progress (when read)
Bank Address Selection Flag Bit (BA)
0
Bank 0 is selected
1
Bank 1 is selected
4-9
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
FMCON — Flash Memory Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
EFH
.5
Set 1
Bank 1
.0
.4
.3
.2
.1
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
–
–
–
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
–
–
–
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .4
Flash Memory Mode Selection Bits
0101
Programming mode
1010
Erase mode
0110
Hard Lock mode (NOTE)
Others
Not used for S3F80J9
.3– .1
Not used for S3F80J9
.0
Flash Operation Start Bit (available for Erase and Hard Lock mode only)
0
Operation stop
1
Operation start (auto clear bit)
NOTE: Hard Lock mode is one of the flash protection modes. Refer to page 13-19.
4-10
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
FMSECH — Flash Memory Sector Address Register(High Byte) ECH
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1 Bank 1
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .0
Flash Memory Sector Address (High Byte)
Note : The high-byte flash memory sector address pointer value is the higher eight
bits of the 16-bit pointer address.
FMSECL — Flash Memory Sector Address Register(Low Byte) EDH
Set 1 Bank 1
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .0
Flash Memory Sector Address (Low Byte)
Note : The low-byte flash memory sector address pointer value is the lower eight bits
of the 16-bit pointer address.
FMUSR — Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
EEH Set 1 Bank 1
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7–.0
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Bits
1
0
1
0
0
Other values
1
0
1
Enable user programming mode
Disable user programming mode
NOTES:
1. To enable flash memory user programming, write 10100101B to FMUSR.
2. To disable flash memory operation, write other value except 10100101B into FMUSR.
4-11
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
IMR — Interrupt Mask Register
Bit Identifier
.7
DDH
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
.1
Bank0
.0
Reset Value
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
Interrupt Level 7 (IRQ7) Enable Bit; External Interrupts P0.7–P0.4
.6
.5
.4
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
Interrupt Level 6 (IRQ6) Enable Bit; External Interrupts P0.3–P0.0
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
Interrupt Level 5 (IRQ5) Enable Bit; External Interrupts P2.7–P2.4
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
Interrupt Level 4 (IRQ4) Enable Bit; External Interrupts P2.3–P2.0
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
.3
Not used for S3F80J9
.2
Interrupt Level 2 (IRQ2) Enable Bit; Counter A Interrupt
.1
.0
4-12
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
Interrupt Level 1 (IRQ1) Enable Bit; Timer 1 Match or Overflow
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
Interrupt Level 0 (IRQ0) Enable Bit; Timer 0 Match or Overflow
0
Disable (mask)
1
Enable (un-mask)
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
IPH — Instruction Pointer (High Byte)
DAH
Set 1
Bank0
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .1
Instruction Pointer Address (High Byte)
The high-byte instruction pointer value is the upper eight bits of the 16-bit instruction
pointer address (IP15–IP8). The lower byte of the IP address is located in the IPL
register (DBH).
IPL — Instruction Pointer (Low Byte)
DBH
Set 1
Bank0
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
R/W
R/W
R/W
Register addressing mode only
.7– .0
Instruction Pointer Address (Low Byte)
Read/Write
The low-byte instruction pointer value is the lower eight bits of the 16-bit instruction
pointer address (IP7–IP0). The upper byte of the IP address is located in the IPH
register (DAH).
4-13
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
IPR — Interrupt Priority Register
Bit Identifier
.7
FFH
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
Bank 0
.1
.0
Reset Value
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7, .4, and .1
Priority Control Bits for Interrupt Groups A, B, and C
.6
.5
.3
.2
.0
0
0
0
Group priority undefined
0
0
1
B > C > A
0
1
0
A > B > C
0
1
1
B > A > C
1
0
0
C > A > B
1
0
1
C > B > A
1
1
0
A > C > B
1
1
1
Group priority undefined
Interrupt Subgroup C Priority Control Bit
0
IRQ6 > IRQ7
1
IRQ7 > IRQ6
Interrupt Group C Priority Control Bit
0
IRQ5 > (IRQ6, IRQ7)
1
(IRQ6, IRQ7) > IRQ5
Interrupt Subgroup B Priority Control Bit (See Note)
0
IRQ4
1
IRQ4
Interrupt Group B Priority Control Bit (See Note)
0
IRQ2 >IRQ4)
1
IRQ4) > IRQ2
Interrupt Group A Priority Control Bit
0
IRQ0 > IRQ1
1
IRQ1 > IRQ0
NOTE: The S3F80J9 interrupt structure uses eight levels: IRQ0-IRQ2 and IRQ4-IRQ7.
4-14
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
IRQ — Interrupt Request Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
DCH
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
.1
Bank0
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
Level 7 (IRQ7) Request Pending Bit; External Interrupts P0.7–P0.4
.6
.5
.4
0
Not pending
1
Pending
Level 6 (IRQ6) Request Pending Bit; External Interrupts P0.3–P0.0
0
Not pending
1
Pending
Level 5 (IRQ5) Request Pending Bit; External Interrupts P2.7–P2.4
0
Not pending
1
Pending
Level 4 (IRQ4) Request Pending Bit; External Interrupts P2.3–P2.0
0
Not pending
1
Pending
.3
Not used for S3F80J9
.2
Level 2 (IRQ2) Request Pending Bit; Counter A Interrupt
.1
.0
0
Not pending
1
Pending
Level 1 (IRQ1) Request Pending Bit; Timer 1 Match/Capture or Overflow
0
Not pending
1
Pending
Level 0 (IRQ0) Request Pending Bit; Timer 0 Match/Capture or Overflow
0
Not pending
1
Pending
4-15
CONTROL REGISTERS
LVDCON — LVD
S3F80J9
Control Register
E0H Set 1 Bank1
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
Reset Value
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0
Read/Write
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .1
Not used for S3F80J9.
.0
2.3Volt Indicator Flag
0
VDD ≥ LVD_FLAG Level (2.3V)
1
VDD < LVD_FLAG Level (2.3V)
NOTE: When LVD detects LVD_FLAGH level(2.3V), VDCON.0 flag it is set automatically. When VDD is upper 2.3V,
LVDCON.0 flag bit is cleared automatically.
4-16
.0
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P0CONH — Port 0 Control Register (High Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
E8H
.3
.2
Set 1 Bank 0
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
P0.7/INT4 Mode Selection Bits
0
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P0.6/INT4 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P0.5/INT4 Mode Selection Bits
0
.1 and .0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P0.4/INT4 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
NOTES:
1. The INT4 external interrupts at the P0.7–P0.4 pins share the same interrupt level (IRQ7) and interrupt vector address
(E8H).
2. You can assign pull-up resistors to individual port 0 pins by making the appropriate settings to the P0PUR register.
(P0PUR.7–P0PUR.4)
4-17
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
P0CONL — Port 0 Control Register(Low Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
E9H Set 1 Bank 0
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
P0.3/INT3 Mode Selection Bits
0
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P0.2/INT2 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P0.1/INT1 Mode Selection Bits
0
.1 and .0
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P0.0/INT0 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
NOTES:
1. The INT3–INT0 external interrupts at P0.3–P0.0 are interrupt level IRQ6. Each interrupt has a separate vector address.
2. You can assign pull-up resistors to individual port 0 pins by making the appropriate settings to the P0PUR register.
(P0PUR.3 – P0PUR.0)
4-18
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P0INT — Port 0 External Interrupt Enable Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
F1H Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
P0.7 External Interrupt (INT4) Enable Bit
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.6 External Interrupt (INT4) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.5 External Interrupt (INT4) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.4 External Interrupt (INT4) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.3 External Interrupt (INT3) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.2 External Interrupt (INT2) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.1 External Interrupt (INT1) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P0.0 External Interrupt (INT0) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
4-19
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
P0PND — Port 0 External Interrupt Pending Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
F2H Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
P0.7 External Interrupt (INT4) Pending Flag Bit (see Note)
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
No P0.7 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.7 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.6 External Interrupt (INT4) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.6 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.6 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.5 External Interrupt (INT4) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.5 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.5 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.4 External Interrupt (INT4) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.4 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.4 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.3 External Interrupt (INT3) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.3 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.3 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.2 External Interrupt (INT2) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.2 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.2 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.1 External Interrupt (INT1) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.1 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.1 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P0.0 External Interrupt (INT0) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P0.0 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P0.0 external interrupt is pending (when read)
NOTE: To clear an interrupt pending condition, write a “0” to the appropriate pending flag bit. Writing a “1” to an interrupt
pending flag (P0PND.7–0) has no effect.
4-20
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P0PUR — Port 0 Pull-up Resistor Enable Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
E7H Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
P0.7 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.6 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.5 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.4 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.3 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.2 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.1 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P0.0 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
4-21
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
P1CONH — Port 1 Control Register (High Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
EAH Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
P1.7 Mode Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
.1 and .0
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
P1.6 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
P1.5 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
P1.4 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
NOTE: P1CONH is available in case of S3F80J9’s 32-Pin, not 28-Pin.
P1CONH’s reset value is 0FFH. After reset, initial values of port1.4-1.7 become C-MOS input with pull-up mode.
4-22
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P1CONL — Port 1 Control Register(Low Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
EBH Set 1 Bank 0
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
P1.3 Mode Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
.1 and .0
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
P1.2 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
P1.1 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
P1.0 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode
0
1
Open-drain output mode
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input with pull up mode
4-23
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
P2CONH — Port 2 Control Register(High Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
ECH Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
P2.7/INT9 Mode Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
.1 and .0
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P2.6/INT9 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P2.5/INT9 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P2.4/INT9 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
NOTE: Pull-up resistors can be assigned to individual port 2 pins by making the appropriate settings to the P2PUR control
register, location EEH, set 1, bank0.
4-24
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P2CONL — Port 2 Control Register(Low Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
EDH Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
P2.3/INT8 Mode Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3 and .2
.1 and .0
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising edges and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P2.2/INT7 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising edges and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P2.1/INT6 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising edges and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
P2.0/INT5 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on falling edges
0
1
C-MOS input mode ; interrupt on rising edges and falling edges
1
0
Push-pull output mode
1
1
C-MOS input mode; interrupt on rising edges
NOTE: Pull-up resistors can be assigned to individual port 2 pins by making the appropriate settings to the P2PUR control
register, location EEH, set 1,bank0.
4-25
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
P2INT — Port 2 External Interrupt Enable Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
E5H Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
P2.7 External Interrupt (INT9) Enable Bit
.6
5.
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
4-26
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.6 External Interrupt (INT9) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.5 External Interrupt (INT9) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.4 External Interrupt (INT9) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.3 External Interrupt (INT8) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.2 External Interrupt (INT7) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.1 External Interrupt (INT6) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
P2.0 External Interrupt (INT5) Enable Bit
0
Disable interrupt
1
Enable interrupt
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P2PND — Port 2 External Interrupt Pending Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
E6H Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
P2.7 External Interrupt (INT9) Pending Flag Bit (see Note)
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
No P2.7 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.7 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.6 External Interrupt (INT9) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.6 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.6 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.5 External Interrupt (INT9) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.5 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.5 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.4 External Interrupt S(INT9) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.4 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.4 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.3 External Interrupt (INT8) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.3 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.3 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.2 External Interrupt (INT7) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.2 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.2 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.1 External Interrupt (INT6) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.1 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.1 external interrupt is pending (when read)
P2.0 External Interrupt (INT5) Pending Flag Bit
0
No P2.0 external interrupt pending (when read)
1
P2.0 external interrupt is pending (when read)
NOTE: To clear an interrupt pending condition, write a “0” to the appropriate pending flag bit. Writing a “1” to an interrupt
rending flag (P2PND.0–7) has no effect.
4-27
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
P2PUR — Port 2 Pull-up Resistor Enable Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
EEH Set 1 Bank 0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7
P2.7 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
4-28
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.6 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.5 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.4 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.3 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.2 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.1 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
P2.0 Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit
0
Disable pull-up resistor
1
Enable pull-up resistor
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
P3CON — Port 3 Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
EFH Set 1 Bank 0
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
Package Selection and Alternative Function Select Bits
0
0
Other
.5
.4 and .3
.2
.1 and .0
(28/32) pin package
P3.0: T0PWM/T0CAP/T1CAP, P3.1: REM/T0CK
Not used for S3F80J9
P3.1 Function Selection Bit
0
Normal I/O selection
1
Alternative function enable (REM/T0CK)
P3.1 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
Schmitt trigger input mode
0
1
Open- drain output mode
1
0
Push pull output mode
1
1
Schmitt trigger input with pull up resistor.
Function Selection Bit for P3.0
0
Normal I/O selection
1
Alternative function enable (P3.0: T0PWM/T0CAP/T1CAP)
P3.0 Mode Selection Bits
0
0
Schmitt trigger input mode
0
1
Open- drain output mode
1
0
Push pull output mode
1
1
Schmitt trigger input with pull up resistor.
NOTES:
1. The port 3 data register, P3, at location E3H, contains seven bit values which correspond to the following port 3 pin
functions (6bits are not used for the S3F80J9):
a. P3, bit 7: carrier signal on (“1”) or off (“0”).
b. P3, bit 1: P3.1/REM/T0CK pin status, bit 0: P3.0/T0PWM/T0CAP/T1CAP pin level.
2. The alternative function enable/disable are enabled in accordance with function selection bit (bit5 and bit2).
3. In case of 28/32 pin package, the pin assign for alternative functions can be selectable relating to mode selection
bit (bit0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5)
4. Following Table is the specific example about the alternative function and pin assignment according to the each bit
control of P3CON in 28/32 pin package.
4-29
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
Table 4-3. Each Function Description and Pin Assignment of P3CON in 28/32 Pin Package
P3CON
Each Function Description and Assignment to P3.0–P3.1
B5
B4
B3
B2
B1
B0
P3.0
P3.1
0
x
x
0
x
x
Normal I/O
Normal I/O
0
x
x
1
0
0
T0_CAP/T1_CAP
Normal I/O
0
x
x
1
1
1
T0_CAP/T1_CAP
Normal I/O
0
x
x
1
0
1
T0PWM
Normal I/O
0
x
x
1
1
0
T0PWM
Normal I/O
1
0
0
0
x
x
Normal I/O
T0CK
1
1
1
0
x
x
Normal I/O
T0CK
1
0
1
0
x
x
Normal I/O
REM
1
1
0
0
x
x
Normal I/O
REM
1
0
0
1
0
0
T0_CAP/T1_CAP
T0CK
1
1
1
1
1
1
T0_CAP/T1_CAP
T0CK
1
0
1
1
0
1
T0PWM
REM
1
1
0
1
1
0
T0PWM
REM
1
0
0
1
0
1
T0PWM
Normal Input
1
1
1
1
1
0
T0PWM
Normal Input
1
0
1
1
0
0
T0_CAP/T1_CAP
REM
1
1
0
1
1
1
T0_CAP/T1_CAP
REM
4-30
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
PP — Register Page Pointer
Bit Identifier
DFH
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
.1
Bank0
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .4
Destination Register Page Selection Bits
0
.3– .0
0
0
0
Destination: page 0 (See Note)
Source Register Page Selection Bits
0
0
0
0
Source: page 0 (See Note)
NOTE: In the S3F80J9 microcontroller, a paged expansion of the internal register file is not implemented. For this reason,
only page 0 settings are valid. Register page pointer values for the source and destination register page are
automatically set to ‘0000B’ following a hardware reset. These values should not be changed curing normal
operation.
4-31
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
RP0 — Register Pointer 0
Bit Identifier
.7
D6H
.6
.5
.4
Set 1
Bank0
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
1
1
0
0
0
–
–
–
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
–
–
–
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .3
Register Pointer 0 Address Value
Register pointer 0 can independently point to one of the 248-byte working register
areas in the register file. Using the register pointers RP0 and RP1, you can select
two 8-byte register slices at one time as active working register space. After a reset,
RP0 points to address C0H in register set 1,bank0, selecting the 8-byte working
register slice C0H–C7H.
.2– .0
Not used for S3F80J9.
RP1 — Register Pointer 1
D7H
Set 1
Bank0
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
1
1
0
0
1
–
–
–
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
–
–
–
Read/Write
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .3
Register Pointer 1 Address Value
Register pointer 1 can independently point to one of the 248-byte working register
areas in the register file. Using the register pointers RP0 and RP1, you can select
two 8-byte register slices at one time as active working register space. After a reset,
RP1 points to address C8H in register set 1, bank0, selecting the 8-byte working
register slice C8H–CFH.
.2– .0
4-32
Not used for S3F80J9.
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
SPL— Stack Pointer (Low Byte)
Bit Identifier
.7
D9H
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
Bank0
.1
.0
Reset Value
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only.
.7– .0
Stack Pointer Address (Low Byte)
The SP value is undefined following a reset.
STOPCON — Stop Control Register
FBH Set 1 Bank 0
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7–.0
Stop Control Register Enable Bits
1
0
1
0
0
Other value
1
0
1
Enable STOP Mode
Disable STOP Mode
NOTES:
1. To get into STOP mode, stop control register must be enabled just before STOP instruction.
2. When STOP mode is released, stop control register (STOPCON) value is cleared automatically.
3. It is prohibited to write another value into STOPCON.
4-33
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
SYM — System Mode Register
Bit Identifier
DEH
.4
.6
.5
Reset Value
0
–
–
x
x
x
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
–
–
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Register addressing mode only
.7
Tri-State External Interface Control Bit (1)
1
Set external interface lines to high impedance (enable tri-state operation)
.4– .2
Fast Interrupt Level Selection Bits (3)
0
0
0
IRQ0
0
0
1
IRQ1
0
1
0
IRQ2
0
1
1
Not used for S3F80J9.
1
0
0
IRQ4
1
0
1
IRQ5
1
1
0
IRQ6
1
1
1
IRQ7
Fast Interrupt Enable Bit (4)
0
Disable fast interrupt processing
1
Enable fast interrupt processing
Global Interrupt Enable Bit (5)
0
Disable global interrupt processing
1
Enable global interrupt processing
NOTES:
1. Because an external interface is not implemented for the S3F80J9, SYM.7 must always be "0".
2. Although the SYM register is not used, SYM.5 should always be “0”. If you accidentally write a “1” to this bit during
normal operation, a system malfunction may occur.
3. You can select only one interrupt level at a time for fast interrupt processing.
4. Setting SYM.1 to "1" enables fast interrupt processing for the interrupt level currently selected by SYM.2–SYM.4.
5. Following a reset, you must enable global interrupt processing by executing an EI instruction (not by writing a "1"
to SYM.0).
4-34
.0
Normal operation (disable tri-state operation)
Not used for S3F80J9 (2)
.0
.1
0
.6 and .5
.1
.2
Bank0
.7
Addressing Mode
.3
Set 1
S3F80J9
CONTROL REGISTERS
T0CON — Timer 0 Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
D2H
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1
.1
Bank0
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7– .6
Timer 0 Input Clock Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
0
fOSC/4096
0
1
fOSC/256
1
0
fOSC/8
1
1
External clock input (at the T0CK pin, P3.1)
Timer 0 Operating Mode Selection Bits
0
0
Interval timer mode (counter cleared by match signal)
0
1
Capture mode (rising edges, counter running, OVF interrupt can occur)
1
0
Capture mode (falling edges, counter running, OVF interrupt can occur)
1
1
PWM mode (Match and OVF interrupt can occur)
Timer 0 Counter Clear Bit
0
No effect (when write)
1
Clear T0 counter, T0CNT (when write)
Timer 0 Overflow Interrupt Enable Bit (note)
0
Disable T0 overflow interrupt
1
Enable T0 overflow interrupt
Timer 0 Match/Capture Interrupt Enable Bit
0
Disable T0 match/capture interrupt
1
Enable T0 match/capture interrupt
Timer 0 Match/Capture Interrupt Pending Flag Bit
0
No T0 match/capture interrupt pending (when read)
0
Clear T0 match/capture interrupt pending condition (when write)
1
T0 match/capture interrupt is pending (when read)
1
No effect (when write)
NOTE: A timer 1 overflow interrupt pending condition is automatically cleared by hardware. However, the timer 0
match/capture interrupt, IRQ0, vector FCH, must be cleared by the interrupt service
routine (S/W).
4-35
CONTROL REGISTERS
S3F80J9
T1CON — Timer 1 Control Register
Bit Identifier
.7
.6
FAH
.5
.4
.3
.2
Set 1 Bank 0
.1
.0
Reset Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Addressing Mode
Register addressing mode only
.7 and .6
Timer 1 Input Clock Selection Bits
.5 and .4
.3
.2
.1
.0
0
0
fOSC/4
0
1
fOSC/8
1
0
fOSC/16
1
1
Internal clock (counter A flip-flop, T-FF)
Timer 1 Operating Mode Selection Bits
0
0
Interval timer mode (counter cleared by match signal)
0
1
Capture mode (rising edges, counter running, OVF can occur)
1
0
Capture mode (falling edges, counter running, OVF can occur)
1
1
Capture mode (rising and falling edges, counter running, OVF can occur)
Timer 1 Counter Clear Bit
0
No effect (when write)
1
Clear T1 counter, T1CNT (when write)
Timer 1 Overflow Interrupt Enable Bit (note)
0
Disable T1 overflow interrupt
1
Enable T1 overflow interrupt
Timer 1 Match/Capture Interrupt Enable Bit
0
Disable T1 match/capture interrupt
1
Enable T1 match/capture interrupt
Timer 1 Match/Capture Interrupt Pending Flag
0
No T1 match/capture interrupt pending (when read)
0
Clear T1 match/capture interrupt pending condition (when write)
1
T1 match/capture interrupt is pending (when read)
1
No effect (when write)
NOTE: A timer 1 overflow interrupt pending condition is automatically cleared by hardware. However, the timer 1 match/
capture interrupt, IRQ1, vector F6H, must be cleared by the interrupt service routine.
4-36
S3F80J9
5
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
OVERVIEW
The S3C8/S3F8-series interrupt structure has three basic components: levels, vectors, and sources. The
SAM8RC CPU recognizes up to eight interrupt levels and supports up to 128 interrupt vectors. When a specific
interrupt level has more than one vector address, the vector priorities are established in hardware. A vector
address can be assigned to one or more sources.
Levels
Interrupt levels are the main unit for interrupt priority assignment and recognition. All peripherals and I/O blocks
can issue interrupt requests. In other words, peripheral and I/O operations are interrupt-driven. There are eight
possible interrupt levels: IRQ0–IRQ7, also called level 0 – level 7. Each interrupt level directly corresponds to an
interrupt request number (IRQn). The total number of interrupt levels used in the interrupt structure varies from
device to device. The S3F80J9 interrupt structure recognizes eight interrupt levels.
The interrupt level numbers 0 through 7 do not necessarily indicate the relative priority of the levels. They are
simply identifiers for the interrupt levels that are recognized by the CPU. The relative priority of different interrupt
levels is determined by settings in the interrupt priority register, IPR. Interrupt group and subgroup logic controlled
by IPR register settings lets you define more complex priority relationships between different levels.
Vectors
Each interrupt level can have one or more interrupt vectors, or it may have no vector address assigned at all. The
maximum number of vectors that can be supported for a given level is 128. (The actual number of vectors used
for S3C8/S3F8-series devices is always much smaller.) If an interrupt level has more than one vector address, the
vector priorities are set in hardware. The S3F80J9 uses sixteen vectors. Two vector addresses are shared by four
interrupt sources.
Sources
A source is any peripheral that generates an interrupt. A source can be an external pin or a counter overflow, for
example. Each vector can have several interrupt sources. In the S3F80J9 interrupt structure, there are 22
possible interrupt sources.
When a service routine starts, the respective pending bit is either cleared automatically by hardware or is must be
cleared "manually" by program software. The characteristics of the source's pending mechanism determine which
method is used to clear its respective pending bit.
5-1
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT TYPES
The three components of the S3C8/S3F8-series interrupt structure described above — levels, vectors, and
sources — are combined to determine the interrupt structure of an individual device and to make full use of its
available interrupt logic. There are three possible combinations of interrupt structure components, called interrupt
types 1, 2, and 3. The types differ in the number of vectors and interrupt sources assigned to each level (See
Figure 5-1):
Type 1:
One level (IRQn) + one vector (V1) + one source (S1)
Type 2:
One level (IRQn) + one vector (V1) + multiple sources (S1 – Sn)
Type 3:
One level (IRQn) + multiple vectors (V1 – Vn) + multiple sources (S1 – Sn , Sn+1 – Sn+m)
In the S3F80J9 microcontroller, all three interrupt types are implemented.
Levels
Vectors
Sources
IRQn
V1
S1
Type 1:
S1
Type 2:
IRQn
V1
S2
S3
Sn
Type 3:
IRQn
V1
S1
V2
S2
V3
S3
Vn
Sn
Sn + 1
Sn + 2
Sn + m
NOTE:
The number of Sn and Vn value is expandable.
Figure 5-1. S3C8/S3F8-Series Interrupt Types
5-2
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
The S3F80J9 micro-controller supports twenty-two interrupt sources. Fourteen of the interrupt sources have a
corresponding interrupt vector address; the remaining eight interrupt sources share by two vectors address. Eight
interrupt levels are recognized by the CPU in this device-specific interrupt structure as shown in Figure 5-2.
When multiple interrupt levels are active, the interrupt priority register (IPR) determines the order in which
contending interrupts are to be serviced. If multiple interrupts occur within the same interrupt level, the interrupt
with the lowest vector address is usually processed first (The relative priorities of multiple interrupts within a single
level are fixed in hardware).
When the CPU grants an interrupt request, interrupt processing starts: All other interrupts are disabled and the
program counter value and status flags are pushed to stack. The starting address of the service routine is fetched
from the appropriate vector address (plus the next 8-bit value to concatenate the full 16-bit address) and the
service routine is executed.
5-3
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
Levels(8)
RESET
S3F80J9
Vectors(16)
Sources(22)
100H
1
FCH
IRQ0
0
FAH
F6H
IRQ1
F4H
IRQ2
ECH
0
1
3
2
D4H
D2H
D0H
IRQ5
H/W
Timer 0 match/capture
S/W
Timer 0 overflow
H/W
Timer 1 match/capture
S/W
Timer 1 overflow
H/W
Counter A
H/W
P2.3 external interrupt
S/W
1
P2.2 external interrupt
S/W
0
P2.1 external interrupt
S/W
P2.0 external interrupt
S/W
P2.7 external interrupt
S/W
P2.6 external interrupt
S/W
P2.5 external interrupt
S/W
P2.4 external interrupt
S/W
P0.3 external interrupt
S/W
P0.2 external interrupt
S/W
P0.1 external interrupt
S/W
P0.0 external interrupt
S/W
P0.7 external interrupt
S/W
P0.6 external interrupt
S/W
P0.5 external interrupt
P0.4 external interrupt
S/W
S/W
D8H
E6H
E4H
IRQ6
E2H
E0H
IRQ7
Basic timer overflow
1
D6H
IRQ4
E8H
Reset/Clear
3
2
1
0
Figure 5-2. S3F80J9 Interrupt Structure
NOTE
Reset interrupt vector address (Basic timer overflow) can be varied by smart option.
5-4
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
INTERRUPT VECTOR ADDRESSES
All interrupt vector addresses for the S3F80J9 interrupt structure are stored in the vector address area of the
internal program memory ROM, 00H–FFH (See Figure 5-3).
You can allocate unused locations in the vector address area as normal program memory. If you do so, please be
careful not to overwrite any of the stored vector addresses (Table 5-1 lists all vector addresses).
The program reset address in the ROM is 0100H. Reset address can be changed by smart option (Refer to Table
13-3 or Figure 2-2).
(HEX)
7FFFH/3FFFH
(Decimal)
32,768/16,289
32/16-Kbyte
Internal Program Memory
(Flash Memory)
Note
01FFH, 02FFH, 04FFH or 08FFH
ISP Sector
255
00FFH
Interrupt Vector Area
Smart Option Rom Cell
003FH
003CH
0000H
0
Figure 5-3. ROM Vector Address Area
NOTE
The size of ISPTM sector can be varied by Smart Option(Refer to Figure 2-3). According to the smart
option setting related to the ISP, ISP reset vector address can be changed one of addresses to be select
(200H, 300H, 500H or 900H).
5-5
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
Table 5-1. S3F80J9 Interrupt Vectors
Vector Address
Interrupt Source
Decimal
Value
Hex
Value
256
100H
Basic timer overflow/POR
252
FCH
Timer 0 match/capture
250
FAH
Timer 0 overflow
246
F6H
Timer 1 match/capture
244
F4H
Timer 1 overflow
236
ECH
Counter A
232
E8H
P0.7 external interrupt
232
E8H
232
Request
Reset/Clear
Interrupt
Level
Priority in
Level
H/W
RESET
–
√
IRQ0
1
0
IRQ1
S/W
√
√
√
1
0
√
IRQ2
–
√
IRQ7
–
√
P0.6 external interrupt
–
√
E8H
P0.5 external interrupt
–
√
232
E8H
P0.4 external interrupt
–
√
230
E6H
P0.3 external interrupt
3
√
228
E4H
P0.2 external interrupt
2
√
226
E2H
P0.1 external interrupt
1
√
224
E0H
P0.0 external interrupt
0
√
216
D8H
P2.7 external interrupt
–
√
216
D8H
P2.6 external interrupt
–
√
216
D8H
P2.5 external interrupt
–
√
216
D8H
P2.4 external interrupt
–
√
214
D6H
P2.3 external interrupt
3
√
212
D4H
P2.2 external interrupt
2
√
210
D2H
P2.1 external interrupt
1
√
208
D0H
P2.0 external interrupt
0
√
IRQ6
IRQ5
IRQ4
NOTES:
1. Interrupt priorities are identified in inverse order: '0' is highest priority, '1' is the next highest, and so on.
2. If two or more interrupts within the same level content, the interrupt with the lowest vector address usually
3.
5-6
has priority over one with a higher vector address. The priorities within a given level are fixed in hardware.
Reset (Basic timer overflow or POR) interrupt vector address can be changed by smart option
(Refer to Table 13-3 or Figure 2-2).
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
ENABLE/DISABLE INTERRUPT INSTRUCTIONS (EI, DI)
Executing the Enable Interrupts (EI) instruction globally enables the interrupt structure. All interrupts are then
serviced as they occur, and according to the established priorities.
NOTE
The system initialization routine that is executed following a reset must always contain an EI instruction to
globally enable the interrupt structure.
During normal operation, you can execute the DI (Disable Interrupt) instruction at any time to globally disable
interrupt processing. The EI and DI instructions change the value of bit 0 in the SYM register. Although you can
manipulate SYM.0 directly to enable or disable interrupts, we recommend that you use the EI and DI instructions
instead.
System-Level Interrupt Control Registers
In addition to the control registers for specific interrupt sources, four system-level registers control interrupt
processing:
— The interrupt mask register, IMR, enables (un-masks) or disables (masks) interrupt levels.
— The interrupt priority register, IPR, controls the relative priorities of interrupt levels.
— The interrupt request register, IRQ, contains interrupt pending flags for each interrupt level (as opposed to
each interrupt source).
— The system mode register, SYM, enables or disables global interrupt processing (SYM settings also enable
fast interrupts and control the activity of external interface, if implemented).
Table 5-2. Interrupt Control Register Overview
Control Register
ID
R/W
Function Description
Interrupt Mask Register
IMR
R/W
Bit settings in the IMR register enable or disable interrupt
processing for each of the eight interrupt levels: IRQ0–IRQ7.
Interrupt Priority Register
IPR
R/W
Controls the relative processing priorities of the interrupt levels.
The eight levels of the S3F80J9 are organized into three
groups: A, B, and C. Group A is IRQ0 and IRQ1, group B is
IRQ2, and IRQ4, and group C is IRQ5, IRQ6, and IRQ7.
Interrupt Request Register
IRQ
R
System Mode Register
SYM
R/W
This register contains a request pending bit for each interrupt
level.
A dynamic global interrupt processing enables/disables, fast
interrupt processing, and external interface control (an external
memory interface is not implemented in the S3F80J9
microcontroller).
5-7
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT PROCESSING CONTROL POINTS
Interrupt processing can therefore be controlled in two ways: globally or by a specific interrupt level and source.
The system-level control points in the interrupt structure are, therefore:
— Global interrupt enable and disable (by EI and DI instructions or by a direct manipulation of SYM.0)
— Interrupt level enable/disable settings (IMR register)
— Interrupt level priority settings (IPR register)
— Interrupt source enable/disable settings in the corresponding peripheral control registers
NOTE
When writing the part of your application program that handles the interrupt processing, be sure to include
the necessary register file address (register pointer) information.
EI
S
nRESET
R
Interrupt Request Register
(Read-only)
Q
Polling
Cycle
IRQ0-IRQ7
Interrupts
Vector
Interrupt
Cycle
Interrupt Priority
Register
Interrupt Mask
Register
Global Interrupt Control
(EI, DI or SYM.0 manipulation)
Figure 5-4. Interrupt Function Diagram
5-8
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
PERIPHERAL INTERRUPT CONTROL REGISTERS
For each interrupt source there is one or more corresponding peripheral control registers that let you control the
interrupt generated by that peripheral (See Table 5-3).
Table 5-3. Vectored Interrupt Source Control and Data Registers
Interrupt Source
Interrupt Level
Register(s)
Location(s) in Set 1
Bank
D2H
D1H
Bank0
Timer 0 match/capture or
Timer 0 overflow
IRQ0
T0CON (see Note)
T0DATA
Timer 1 match/capture or
Timer 1 overflow
IRQ1
T1CON (see Note)
T1DATAH, T1DATAL
FAH
F8H, F9H
Bank0
Counter A
IRQ2
CACON
CADATAH, CADATAL
F3H
F4H, F5H
Bank0
P0.7 external interrupt
P0.6 external interrupt
P0.5 external interrupt
P0.4 external interrupt
IRQ7
P0CONH
P0INT
P0PND
E8H
F1H
F2H
Bank0
P0.3 external interrupt
P0.2 external interrupt
P0.1 external interrupt
P0.0 external interrupt
IRQ6
P0CONL
P0INT
P0PND
E9H
F1H
F2H
Bank0
P2.7 external interrupt
P2.6 external interrupt
P2.5 external interrupt
P2.4 external interrupt
IRQ5
P2CONH
P2INT
P2PND
ECH
E5H
E6H
Bank0
P2.3 external interrupt
P2.2 external interrupt
P2.1 external interrupt
P2.0 external interrupt
IRQ4
P2CONL
P2INT
P2PND
EDH
E5H
E6H
Bank0
NOTES:
1. Because the timer 0 and timer1overflow interrupts are cleared by hardware, the T0CON, and T1CON registers control only
the enable/disable functions. The T0CON and T1CON registers contain enable/disable and pending bits for the timer 0
and timer1 match/capture interrupts, respectively.
2. If a interrupt is un-mask(Enable interrupt level) in the IMR register, the pending bit and enable bit of the interrupt
should be written after a DI instruction is executed.
5-9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
SYSTEM MODE REGISTER (SYM)
The system mode register, SYM (DEH, Set 1, Bank0), is used to globally enable and disable interrupt processing
and to control fast interrupt processing (See Figure 5-5).
A reset clears SYM.7, SYM.1, and SYM.0 to "0". The 3-bit value, SYM.4–SYM.2, is for fast interrupt level
selection and have undetermined values after reset. SYM.6 and SYM5 is not used.
The instructions EI and DI enable and disable global interrupt processing, respectively, by modifying the bit 0
value of the SYM register. An Enable Interrupt (EI) instruction must be included in the initialization routine, which
follows a reset operation, in order to enable interrupt processing. Although you can manipulate SYM.0 directly to
enable and disable interrupts during normal operation, we recommend using the EI and DI instructions for this
purpose.
System Mode Register (SYM)
DEH, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
-
-
External Interface Tri-state Enable Bit:
0 = Normal operation
Not used
(Tri-state disabled)
1 = High impedance
(Tri-state enabled)
.4
.2
Fast Interrupt Level
Selection Bits:
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
NOTE:
.3
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
IRQ0
IRQ1
IRQ2
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ6
IRQ7
.1
.0
Global Interrupt Enable Bit:
0 = Disable all
1 = Enable all
Fast Interrupt Enable Bit:
0 = Disable fast
1 = Enable fast
An external memory interface is not implemented.
Figure 5-5. System Mode Register (SYM)
5-10
LSB
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
INTERRUPT MASK REGISTER (IMR)
The interrupt mask register, IMR (DDH, Set 1, Bank0) is used to enable or disable interrupt processing for
individual interrupt levels. After a reset, all IMR bit values are undetermined and must therefore be written to their
required settings by the initialization routine.
Each IMR bit corresponds to a specific interrupt level: bit 1 to IRQ1, bit 2 to IRQ2, and so on. When the IMR bit of
an interrupt level is cleared to "0", interrupt processing for that level is disabled (masked). When you set a level's
IMR bit to "1", interrupt processing for the level is enabled (not masked).
The IMR register is mapped to register location DDH in set 1and Bank0. Bit values can be read and written by
instructions using the register addressing mode.
Interrupt Mask Register (IMR)
DDH, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
IRQ7
.6
IRQ6
.5
IRQ5
.4
.3
Not used
IRQ4
.2
IRQ2
.1
IRQ1
.0
LSB
IRQ0
Interrupt Level Enable Bits (7-0):
0 = Disable (mask) interrupt
1 = Enable (un-mask) interrupt
NOTE: Before IMR register is changed to any value, all interrupts must be disable.
Using DI instruction is recommended.
Figure 5-6. Interrupt Mask Register (IMR)
5-11
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT PRIORITY REGISTER (IPR)
The interrupt priority register, IPR (FFH, Set 1, Bank 0), is used to set the relative priorities of the interrupt levels
used in the microcontroller’s interrupt structure. After a reset, all IPR bit values are undetermined and must
therefore be written to their required settings by the initialization routine.
When more than one interrupt source is active, the source with the highest priority level is serviced first. If both
sources belong to the same interrupt level, the source with the lowest vector address usually has priority (This
priority is fixed in hardware).
To support programming of the relative interrupt level priorities, they are organized into groups and subgroups by
the interrupt logic. Please note that these groups (and subgroups) are used only by IPR logic for the IPR register
priority definitions (see Figure 5–7):
Group A
IRQ0, IRQ1
Group B
IRQ2, IRQ4
Group C
IRQ5, IRQ6, IRQ7
IPR
Group B
IPR
Group A
A1
A2
B1
IPR
Group C
B2
C1
C2
C21
IRQ0
IRQ1
IRQ2
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ6
C22
IRQ7
Figure 5-7. Interrupt Request Priority Groups
As you can see in Figure 5-8, IPR.7, IPR.4, and IPR.1 control the relative priority of interrupt groups A, B, and C.
For example, the setting '001B' for these bits would select the group relationship B > C > A; the setting '101B'
would select the relationship C > B > A.
The functions of the other IPR bit settings are as follows:
— IPR.5 controls the relative priorities of group C interrupts.
— Interrupt group B has a subgroup to provide an additional priority relationship between for interrupt levels 2, 3,
and 4. IPR.3 defines the possible subgroup B relationships. IPR.2 controls interrupt group B.
— IPR.0 controls the relative priority setting of IRQ0 and IRQ1 interrupts.
5-12
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
Interrupt Priority Register (IPR)
FEH, Set 1, Bank 0 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Group Priority:
Group A
0 = IRQ0 > IRQ1
1 = IRQ0 < IRQ1
D7 D4 D1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
LSB
= Undefined
=B>C>A
=A>B>C
=B>A>C
=C>A>B
=C>B>A
=A>C>B
= Undefined
Group B
0 = IRQ2 > IRQ4
1 = IRQ2 < IRQ4
Subgroup B (see note)
0 = IRQ4
1 = IRQ4
Group C
0 = IRQ5 > (IRQ6, IRQ7)
1 = (IRQ6, IRQ7) > IRQ5
Subgroup C
0 = IRQ6 > IRQ7
1 = IRQ7 > IRQ6
Figure 5-8. Interrupt Priority Register (IPR)
5-13
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT REQUEST REGISTER (IRQ)
You can poll bit values in the interrupt request register, IRQ (DCH, Set 1, Bank0), to monitor interrupt request
status for all levels in the microcontroller’s interrupt structure. Each bit corresponds to the interrupt level of the
same number: bit 0 to IRQ0, bit 1 to IRQ1, and so on. A "0" indicates that no interrupt request is currently being
issued for that level; a "1" indicates that an interrupt request has been generated for that level.
IRQ bit values are read-only addressable using Register addressing mode. You can read (test) the contents of the
IRQ register at any time using bit or byte addressing to determine the current interrupt request status of specific
interrupt levels. After a reset, all IRQ status bits are cleared to “0”.
You can poll IRQ register values even if a DI instruction has been executed (that is, if global interrupt processing
is disabled). If an interrupt occurs while the interrupt structure is disabled, the CPU will not service it. You can,
however, still detect the interrupt request by polling the IRQ register. In this way, you can determine which events
occurred while the interrupt structure was globally disabled.
Interrupt Request Register (IRQ)
DCH, Set 1, Bank 0 , Read-only
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
IRQ2 IRQ1
Not used
IRQ7
IRQ6
IRQ5
.0
IRQ0
IRQ4
Interrupt Level Request Enable Bits:
0 = Interrupt level is not pending
1 = Interrupt level is pending
Figure 5-9. Interrupt Request Register (IRQ)
5-14
LSB
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
INTERRUPT PENDING FUNCTION TYPES
Overview
There are two types of interrupt pending bits: One type is automatically cleared by hardware after the interrupt
service routine is acknowledged and executed; the other type must be cleared by the interrupt service routine.
Pending Bits Cleared Automatically by Hardware
For interrupt pending bits that are cleared automatically by hardware, interrupt logic sets the corresponding
pending bit to "1" when a request occurs. It then issues an IRQ pulse to inform the CPU that an interrupt is waiting
to be serviced. The CPU acknowledges the interrupt source by sending an IACK, executes the service routine,
and clears the pending bit to "0". This type of pending bit is not mapped and cannot, therefore, be read or written
by application software.
In the S3F80J9 interrupt structure, the timer 0 overflow interrupt (IRQ0), the timer 1 overflow interrupt (IRQ1), the
timer 2 overflow interrupt (IRQ3), and the counter A interrupt (IRQ2) belong to this category of interrupts whose
pending condition is cleared automatically by hardware.
Pending Bits Cleared by the Service Routine
The second type of pending bit must be cleared by program software. The service routine must clear the
appropriate pending bit before a return-from-interrupt subroutine (IRET) occurs. To do this, a "0" must be written
to the corresponding pending bit location in the source’s mode or control register.
In the S3F80J9 interrupt structure, pending conditions for all interrupt sources except the timer 0 overflow
interrupt, the timer 1 overflow interrupt, the timer 2 overflow interrupt and the counter A borrow interrupt, must be
cleared by the interrupt service routine.
5-15
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT SOURCE POLLING SEQUENCE
The interrupt request polling and servicing sequence is as follows:
1. A source generates an interrupt request by setting the interrupt request bit to "1".
2. The CPU polling procedure identifies a pending condition for that source.
3. The CPU checks the source's interrupt level.
4. The CPU generates an interrupt acknowledge signal.
5. Interrupt logic determines the interrupt's vector address.
6. The service routine starts and the source's pending bit is cleared to "0" (by hardware or by software).
7. The CPU continues polling for interrupt requests.
INTERRUPT SERVICE ROUTINES
Before an interrupt request can be serviced, the following conditions must be met:
— Interrupt processing must be globally enabled (EI, SYM.0 = "1")
— The interrupt level must be enabled (IMR register - unmask)
— The interrupt level must have the highest priority if more than one level is currently requesting service
— The interrupt must be enabled at the interrupt's source (peripheral control register)
If all of the above conditions are met, the interrupt request is acknowledged at the end of the instruction cycle. The
CPU then initiates an interrupt machine cycle that completes the following processing sequence:
1. Reset (clear to "0") the interrupt enable bit in the SYM register (SYM.0) to disable all subsequent interrupts.
2. Save the program counter (PC) and status flags to the system stack.
3. Branch to the interrupt vector to fetch the address of the service routine.
4. Pass control to the interrupt service routine.
When the interrupt service routine is completed, the CPU issues an Interrupt Return (IRET). The IRET restores
the PC and status flags and sets SYM.0 to "1", allowing the CPU to process the next interrupt request.
5-16
S3F80J9
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
GENERATING INTERRUPT VECTOR ADDRESSES
The interrupt vector area in the ROM (except smart option ROM Cell- 003CH, 003DH, 003EH and 003FH)
contains the addresses of interrupt service routines that correspond to each level in the interrupt structure.
Vectored interrupt processing follows this sequence:
1. Push the program counter's low-byte value to the stack.
2. Push the program counter's high-byte value to the stack.
3. Push the FLAG register values to the stack.
4. Fetch the service routine's high-byte address from the vector location.
5. Fetch the service routine's low-byte address from the vector location.
6. Branch to the service routine specified by the concatenated 16-bit vector address.
NOTE
A 16-bit vector address always begins at an even-numbered ROM address within the range 00H–FFH.
NESTING OF VECTORED INTERRUPTS
It is possible to nest a higher-priority interrupt request while a lower-priority request is being serviced. To do this,
you must follow these steps:
1. Push the current 8-bit interrupt mask register (IMR) value to the stack (PUSH IMR).
2. Load the IMR register with a new mask value that enables only the higher priority interrupt.
3. Execute an EI instruction to enable interrupt processing (a higher priority interrupt will be processed if it
occurs).
4. When the lower-priority interrupt service routine ends, restore the IMR to its original value by returning the
previous mask value from the stack (POP IMR).
5. Execute an IRET.
Depending on the application, you may be able to simplify the above procedure to some extent.
INSTRUCTION POINTER (IP)
The instruction pointer (IP) is used by all S3C8/S3F8-series microcontrollers to control the optional high-speed
interrupt processing feature called fast interrupts. The IP consists of register pair IPH(DAH Set1 Bank0) and
IPL(DBH Set1 Bank0). The IP register names are IPH (high byte, IP15–IP8) and IPL (low byte, IP7–IP0).
FAST INTERRUPT PROCESSING
The feature called fast interrupt processing lets you specify that an interrupt within a given level be completed in
approximately six clock cycles instead of the usual 22 clock cycles. To select a specific interrupt level for fast
interrupt processing, you write the appropriate 3-bit value to SYM.4–SYM.2. Then, to enable fast interrupt
processing for the selected level, you set SYM.1 to “1”.
5-17
INTERRUPT STRUCTURE
S3F80J9
FAST INTERRUPT PROCESSING (Continued)
Two other system registers support fast interrupt processing:
— The instruction pointer (IP) contains the starting address of the service routine (and is later used to swap the
program counter values), and
— When a fast interrupt occurs, the contents of the FLAGS register is stored in an unmapped, dedicated register
called FLAGS' (“FLAGS prime”).
NOTE
For the S3F80J9 microcontroller, the service routine for any one of the eight interrupt levels: IRQ0–IRQ2,
IRQ4–IRQ7 and RESET, can be selected for fast interrupt processing.
Procedure for Initiating Fast Interrupt
To initiate fast interrupt processing, follow these steps:
1. Load the start address of the service routine into the instruction pointer (IP).
2. Load the interrupt level number (IRQn) into the fast interrupt selection field (SYM.4–SYM.2)
3. Write a "1" to the fast interrupt enable bit in the SYM register.
Fast Interrupt Service Routine
When an interrupt occurs in the level selected for fast interrupt processing, the following events occur:
1. The contents of the instruction pointer and the PC are swapped.
2. The FLAG register values are written to the FLAGS' (“FLAGS prime”) register.
3. The fast interrupt status bit in the FLAGS register is set.
4. The interrupt is serviced.
5. Assuming that the fast interrupt status bit is set, when the fast interrupt service routine ends, the instruction
pointer and PC values are swapped back.
6. The content of FLAGS' (“FLAGS prime”) is copied automatically back to the FLAGS register.
7. The fast interrupt status bit in FLAGS is cleared automatically.
Programming Guidelines
Remember that the only way to enable/disable a fast interrupt is to set/clear the fast interrupt enable bit in the
SYM register, SYM.1. Executing an EI or DI instruction globally enables or disables all interrupt processing,
including fast interrupts. If you use fast interrupts, remember to load the IP with a new start address when the fast
interrupt service routine ends.
5-18
S3F80J9
6
INSTRUCTION SET
INSTRUCTION SET
OVERVIEW
The SAM8 instruction set is specifically designed to support the large register files that are typical of most SAM8
microcontrollers. There are 78 instructions. The powerful data manipulation capabilities and features of the
instruction set include:
— A full complement of 8-bit arithmetic and logic operations, including multiply and divide
— No special I/O instructions (I/O control/data registers are mapped directly into the register file)
— Decimal adjustment included in binary-coded decimal (BCD) operations
— 16-bit (word) data can be incremented and decremented
— Flexible instructions for bit addressing, rotate, and shift operations
Data Types
The SAM8 CPU performs operations on bits, bytes, BCD digits, and two-byte words. Bits in the register file can
be set, cleared, complemented and tested. Bits within a byte are numbered from 7 to 0, where bit 0 is the least
significant (right-most) bit.
Register Addressing
To access an individual register, an 8-bit address in the range 0-255 or the 4-bit address of a working register is
specified. Paired registers can be used to construct 16-bit data or 16-bit program memory or data memory
addresses. For detailed information about register addressing, please refer to Section 2, "Address Spaces."
Addressing Modes
There are seven explicit addressing modes: Register (R), Indirect Register (IR), Indexed (X), Direct (DA), Relative
(RA), Immediate (IM) and Indirect (IA). For detailed descriptions of these addressing modes, please refer to
Section 3, "Addressing Modes."
6-1
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
Table 6-1. Instruction Group Summary
Mnemonic
Operands
Instruction
Load Instructions
CLR
dst
Clear
LD
dst, src
Load
LDB
dst, src
Load bit
LDE
dst, src
Load external data memory
LDC
dst, src
Load program memory
LDED
dst, src
Load external data memory and decrement
LDCD
dst, src
Load program memory and decrement
LDEI
dst, src
Load external data memory and increment
LDCI
dst, src
Load program memory and increment
LDEPD
dst, src
Load external data memory with pre-decrement
LDCPD
dst, src
Load program memory with pre-decrement
LDEPI
dst, src
Load external data memory with pre-increment
LDCPI
dst, src
Load program memory with pre-increment
LDW
dst, src
Load word
POP
dst
Pop from stack
POPUD
dst, src
Pop user stack (decrementing)
POPUI
dst, src
Pop user stack (incrementing)
PUSH
Src
Push to stack
PUSHUD
dst, src
Push user stack (decrementing)
PUSHUI
dst, src
Push user stack (incrementing)
6-2
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
Table 6-1. Instruction Group Summary (Continued)
Mnemonic
Operands
Instruction
Arithmetic Instructions
ADC
dst,src
Add with carry
ADD
dst,src
Add
CP
dst,src
Compare
DA
dst
Decimal adjust
DEC
dst
Decrement
DECW
dst
Decrement word
DIV
dst,src
Divide
INC
dst
Increment
INCW
dst
Increment word
MULT
dst,src
Multiply
SBC
dst,src
Subtract with carry
SUB
dst,src
Subtract
AND
dst,src
Logical AND
COM
dst
Complement
OR
dst,src
Logical OR
XOR
dst,src
Logical exclusive OR
Logic Instructions
6-3
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
Table 6-1. Instruction Group Summary (Continued)
Mnemonic
Operands
Instruction
Program Control Instructions
BTJRF
dst,src
Bit test and jump relative on false
BTJRT
dst,src
Bit test and jump relative on true
CALL
dst
Call procedure
CPIJE
dst,src
Compare, increment and jump on equal
CPIJNE
dst,src
Compare, increment and jump on non-equal
DJNZ
r,dst
Decrement register and jump on non-zero
ENTER
Enter
EXIT
Exit
IRET
Interrupt return
JP
cc,dst
Jump on condition code
JP
dst
Jump unconditional
JR
cc,dst
Jump relative on condition code
NEXT
Next
RET
Return
WFI
Wait for interrupt
Bit Manipulation Instructions
BAND
dst,src
Bit AND
BCP
dst,src
Bit compare
BITC
dst
Bit complement
BITR
dst
Bit reset
BITS
dst
Bit set
BOR
dst,src
Bit OR
BXOR
dst,src
Bit XOR
TCM
dst,src
Test complement under mask
TM
dst,src
Test under mask
6-4
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
Table 6-1. Instruction Group Summary (Concluded)
Mnemonic
Operands
Instruction
Rotate and Shift Instructions
RL
dst
Rotate left
RLC
dst
Rotate left through carry
RR
dst
Rotate right
RRC
dst
Rotate right through carry
SRA
dst
Shift right arithmetic
SWAP
dst
Swap nibbles
CPU Control Instructions
CCF
Complement carry flag
DI
Disable interrupts
EI
Enable interrupts
IDLE
Enter Idle mode
NOP
No operation
RCF
Reset carry flag
SB0
Set bank 0
SB1
Set bank 1
SCF
Set carry flag
SRP
src
Set register pointers
SRP0
src
Set register pointer 0
SRP1
src
Set register pointer 1
STOP
Enter Stop mode
6-5
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
FLAGS REGISTER (FLAGS)
The flags register FLAGS contains eight bits that describe the current status of CPU operations. Four of these
bits, FLAGS.7–FLAGS.4, can be tested and used with conditional jump instructions; two others FLAGS.3 and
FLAGS.2 are used for BCD arithmetic.
The FLAGS register also contains a bit to indicate the status of fast interrupt processing (FLAGS.1) and a bank
address status bit (FLAGS.0) to indicate whether bank 0 or bank 1 is currently being addressed. FLAGS register
can be set or reset by instructions as long as its outcome does not affect the flags, such as, Load instruction.
Logical and Arithmetic instructions such as, AND, OR, XOR, ADD, and SUB can affect the Flags register. For
example, the AND instruction updates the Zero, Sign and Overflow flags based on the outcome of the AND
instruction. If the AND instruction uses the Flags register as the destination, then simultaneously, two write will
occur to the Flags register producing an unpredictable result.
System Flags Register (FLAGS)
D5H, Set 1, Bank0 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
Bank address
status flag (BA)
Carry flag (C)
First interrupt
status flag (FIS)
Zero flag (Z)
Sign flag (S)
Overflow (V)
Half-carry flag (H)
Decimal adjust flag (D)
Figure 6-1. System Flags Register (FLAGS)
6-6
LSB
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
FLAG DESCRIPTIONS
C
Carry Flag (FLAGS.7)
The C flag is set to "1" if the result from an arithmetic operation generates a carry-out from or a borrow to
the bit 7 position (MSB). After rotate and shift operations, it contains the last value shifted out of the
specified register. Program instructions can set, clear, or complement the carry flag.
Z
Zero Flag (FLAGS.6)
For arithmetic and logic operations, the Z flag is set to "1" if the result of the operation is zero. For
operations that test register bits, and for shift and rotate operations, the Z flag is set to "1" if the result is
logic zero.
S
Sign Flag (FLAGS.5)
Following arithmetic, logic, rotate, or shift operations, the sign bit identifies the state of the MSB of the
result. A logic zero indicates a positive number and a logic one indicates a negative number.
V
Overflow Flag (FLAGS.4)
The V flag is set to "1" when the result of a two's-complement operation is greater than + 127 or less than
– 128. It is also cleared to "0" following logic operations.
D
Decimal Adjust Flag (FLAGS.3)
The DA bit is used to specify what type of instruction was executed last during BCD operations, so that a
subsequent decimal adjust operation can execute correctly. The DA bit is not usually accessed by
programmers, and cannot be used as a test condition.
H
Half-Carry Flag (FLAGS.2)
The H bit is set to "1" whenever an addition generates a carry-out of bit 3, or when a subtraction borrows
out of bit 4. It is used by the Decimal Adjust (DA) instruction to convert the binary result of a previous
addition or subtraction into the correct decimal (BCD) result. The H flag is seldom accessed directly by a
program.
FIS
Fast Interrupt Status Flag (FLAGS.1)
The FIS bit is set during a fast interrupt cycle and reset during the IRET following interrupt servicing.
When set, it inhibits all interrupts and causes the fast interrupt return to be executed when the IRET
instruction is executed.
BA
Bank Address Flag (FLAGS.0)
The BA flag indicates which register bank in the set 1 area of the internal register file is currently selected,
bank 0 or bank 1. The BA flag is cleared to "0" (select bank 0) when you execute the SB0 instruction and
is set to "1" (select bank 1) when you execute the SB1 instruction.
6-7
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET NOTATION
Table 6-2. Flag Notation Conventions
Flag
C
Description
Carry flag
Z
Zero flag
S
Sign flag
V
Overflow flag
D
Decimal-adjust flag
H
Half-carry flag
0
Cleared to logic zero
1
Set to logic one
*
Set or cleared according to operation
–
Value is unaffected
x
Value is undefined
Table 6-3. Instruction Set Symbols
Symbol
Destination operand
src
Source operand
@
Indirect register address prefix
PC
Program counter
IP
Instruction pointer
FLAGS
RP
Flags register (D5H)
Register pointer
#
Immediate operand or register address prefix
H
Hexadecimal number suffix
D
Decimal number suffix
B
Binary number suffix
opc
6-8
Description
dst
Opcode
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
Table 6-4. Instruction Notation Conventions
Notation
cc
Description
Actual Operand Range
Condition code
See list of condition codes in Table 6-6.
r
Working register only
Rn (n = 0–15)
rb
Bit (b) of working register
Rn.b (n = 0–15, b = 0–7)
r0
Bit 0 (LSB) of working register
Rn (n = 0–15)
rr
Working register pair
RRp (p = 0, 2, 4, ..., 14)
R
Register or working register
reg or Rn (reg = 0–255, n = 0–15)
Rb
Bit 'b' of register or working register
reg.b (reg = 0–255, b = 0–7)
RR
Register pair or working register pair
reg or RRp (reg = 0–254, even number only, where
p = 0, 2, ..., 14)
IA
Indirect addressing mode
addr (addr = 0–254, even number only)
Ir
Indirect working register only
@Rn (n = 0–15)
IR
Indirect register or indirect working register @Rn or @reg (reg = 0–255, n = 0–15)
Irr
Indirect working register pair only
@RRp (p = 0, 2, ..., 14)
Indirect register pair or indirect working
register pair
@RRp or @reg (reg = 0–254, even only, where
p = 0, 2, ..., 14)
Indexed addressing mode
#reg [Rn] (reg = 0–255, n = 0–15)
XS
Indexed (short offset) addressing mode
#addr [RRp] (addr = range –128 to +127, where
p = 0, 2, ..., 14)
xl
Indexed (long offset) addressing mode
#addr [RRp] (addr = range 0–65535, where
p = 0, 2, ..., 14)
da
Direct addressing mode
addr (addr = range 0–65535)
ra
Relative addressing mode
addr (addr = number in the range +127 to –128 that is
an offset relative to the address of the next instruction)
im
Immediate addressing mode
#data (data = 0–255)
iml
Immediate (long) addressing mode
#data (data = range 0–65535)
IRR
X
6-9
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
Table 6-5. Opcode Quick Reference
OPCODE MAP
LOWER NIBBLE (HEX)
–
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
U
0
DEC
R1
DEC
IR1
ADD
r1,r2
ADD
r1,Ir2
ADD
R2,R1
ADD
IR2,R1
ADD
R1,IM
BOR
r0–Rb
P
1
RLC
R1
RLC
IR1
ADC
r1,r2
ADC
r1,Ir2
ADC
R2,R1
ADC
IR2,R1
ADC
R1,IM
BCP
r1.b, R2
P
2
INC
R1
INC
IR1
SUB
r1,r2
SUB
r1,Ir2
SUB
R2,R1
SUB
IR2,R1
SUB
R1,IM
BXOR
r0–Rb
E
3
JP
IRR1
SRP/0/1
IM
SBC
r1,r2
SBC
r1,Ir2
SBC
R2,R1
SBC
IR2,R1
SBC
R1,IM
BTJR
r2.b, RA
R
4
DA
R1
DA
IR1
OR
r1,r2
OR
r1,Ir2
OR
R2,R1
OR
IR2,R1
OR
R1,IM
LDB
r0–Rb
5
POP
R1
POP
IR1
AND
r1,r2
AND
r1,Ir2
AND
R2,R1
AND
IR2,R1
AND
R1,IM
BITC
r1.b
N
6
COM
R1
COM
IR1
TCM
r1,r2
TCM
r1,Ir2
TCM
R2,R1
TCM
IR2,R1
TCM
R1,IM
BAND
r0–Rb
I
7
PUSH
R2
PUSH
IR2
TM
r1,r2
TM
r1,Ir2
TM
R2,R1
TM
IR2,R1
TM
R1,IM
BIT
r1.b
B
8
DECW
RR1
DECW
IR1
PUSHUD
IR1,R2
PUSHUI
IR1,R2
MULT
R2,RR1
MULT
IR2,RR1
MULT
IM,RR1
LD
r1, x, r2
B
9
RL
R1
RL
IR1
POPUD
IR2,R1
POPUI
IR2,R1
DIV
R2,RR1
DIV
IR2,RR1
DIV
IM,RR1
LD
r2, x, r1
L
A
INCW
RR1
INCW
IR1
CP
r1,r2
CP
r1,Ir2
CP
R2,R1
CP
IR2,R1
CP
R1,IM
LDC
r1, Irr2, xL
E
B
CLR
R1
CLR
IR1
XOR
r1,r2
XOR
r1,Ir2
XOR
R2,R1
XOR
IR2,R1
XOR
R1,IM
LDC
r2, Irr2, xL
C
RRC
R1
RRC
IR1
CPIJE
Ir,r2,RA
LDC
r1,Irr2
LDW
RR2,RR1
LDW
IR2,RR1
LDW
RR1,IML
LD
r1, Ir2
H
D
SRA
R1
SRA
IR1
CPIJNE
Irr,r2,RA
LDC
r2,Irr1
CALL
IA1
LD
IR1,IM
LD
Ir1, r2
E
E
RR
R1
RR
IR1
LDCD
r1,Irr2
LDCI
r1,Irr2
LD
R2,R1
LD
R2,IR1
LD
R1,IM
LDC
r1, Irr2, xs
X
F
SWAP
R1
SWAP
IR1
LDCPD
r2,Irr1
LDCPI
r2,Irr1
CALL
IRR1
LD
IR2,R1
CALL
DA1
LDC
r2, Irr1, xs
6-10
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
Table 6-5. Opcode Quick Reference (Continued)
OPCODE MAP
LOWER NIBBLE (HEX)
–
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
U
0
LD
r1,R2
LD
r2,R1
DJNZ
r1,RA
JR
cc,RA
LD
r1,IM
JP
cc,DA
INC
r1
NEXT
P
1
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
ENTER
P
2
EXIT
E
3
WFI
R
4
SB0
5
SB1
N
6
IDLE
I
7
B
8
DI
B
9
EI
L
A
RET
E
B
IRET
C
RCF
H
D
E
E
X
F
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
STOP
SCF
CCF
LD
r1,R2
LD
r2,R1
DJNZ
r1,RA
JR
cc,RA
LD
r1,IM
JP
cc,DA
INC
r1
NOP
6-11
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
CONDITION CODES
The op-code of a conditional jump always contains a 4-bit field called the condition code (cc). This specifies under
which conditions it is to execute the jump. For example, a conditional jump with the condition code for "equal"
after a compare operation only jumps if the two operands are equal. Condition codes are listed in Table 6-6.
The carry (C), zero (Z), sign (S), and overflow (V) flags are used to control the operation of conditional jump
instructions.
Table 6-6. Condition Codes
Binary
Mnemonic
Description
Flags Set
0000
F
Always false
–
1000
T
Always true
–
0111 (note)
C
Carry
C=1
1111 (note)
NC
No carry
C=0
0110 (note)
Z
Zero
Z=1
NZ
Not zero
Z=0
1101
PL
Plus
S=0
0101
MI
Minus
S=1
0100
OV
Overflow
V=1
1110
(note)
1100
NOV
No overflow
V=0
0110
(note)
EQ
Equal
Z=1
1110
(note)
NE
Not equal
Z=0
1001
GE
Greater than or equal
(S XOR V) = 0
0001
LT
Less than
(S XOR V) = 1
1010
GT
Greater than
(Z OR (S XOR V)) = 0
0010
LE
Less than or equal
(Z OR (S XOR V)) = 1
1111
(note)
UGE
Unsigned greater than or equal
C=0
0111
(note)
ULT
Unsigned less than
C=1
1011
UGT
Unsigned greater than
(C = 0 AND Z = 0) = 1
0011
ULE
Unsigned less than or equal
(C OR Z) = 1
NOTES:
1. It indicates condition codes that are related to two different mnemonics but which test the same flag. For
example, Z and EQ are both true if the zero flag (Z) is set, but after an ADD instruction, Z would probably be used;
after a CP instruction, however, EQ would probably be used.
2. For operations involving unsigned numbers, the special condition codes UGE, ULT, UGT, and ULE must be used.
6-12
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
INSTRUCTION DESCRIPTIONS
This section contains detailed information and programming examples for each instruction in the SAM8
instruction set. Information is arranged in a consistent format for improved readability and for fast referencing. The
following information is included in each instruction description:
— Instruction name (mnemonic)
— Full instruction name
— Source/destination format of the instruction operand
— Shorthand notation of the instruction's operation
— Textual description of the instruction's effect
— Specific flag settings affected by the instruction
— Detailed description of the instruction's format, execution time, and addressing mode(s)
— Programming example(s) explaining how to use the instruction
6-13
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
ADC — Add with carry
ADC
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst + src + c
The source operand, along with the setting of the carry flag, is added to the destination operand
and the sum is stored in the destination. The contents of the source are unaffected. Two'scomplement addition is performed. In multiple precision arithmetic, this instruction permits the
carry from the addition of low-order operands to be carried into the addition of high-order
operands.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Set if there is a carry from the most significant bit of the result; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurs, that is, if both operands are of the same sign and the result
is of the opposite sign; cleared otherwise.
D: Always cleared to "0".
H: Set if there is a carry from the most significant bit of the low-order four bits of the result;
cleared otherwise.
Format:
opc
dst | src
opc
src
opc
Examples:
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
12
r
r
6
13
r
lr
6
14
R
R
6
15
R
IR
6
16
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R1 = 10H, R2 = 03H, C flag = "1", register 01H = 20H, register 02H = 03H, and
register 03H = 0AH:
ADC
R1,R2
→
R1 = 14H, R2 = 03H
ADC
R1,@R2
→
R1 = 1BH, R2 = 03H
ADC
01H,02H
→
Register 01H = 24H, register 02H = 03H
ADC
01H,@02H
→
Register 01H = 2BH, register 02H = 03H
ADC
01H,#11H
→
Register 01H = 32H
In the first example, destination register R1 contains the value 10H, the carry flag is set to "1",
and the source working register R2 contains the value 03H. The statement "ADC R1,R2" adds
03H and the carry flag value ("1") to the destination value 10H, leaving 14H in register R1.
6-14
S3F80J9
ADD
INSTRUCTION SET
— Add
ADD
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst + src
The source operand is added to the destination operand and the sum is stored in the destination.
The contents of the source are unaffected. Two's-complement addition is performed.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Set if there is a carry from the most significant bit of the result; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred, that is, if both operands are of the same sign and the
result is of the opposite sign; cleared otherwise.
D: Always cleared to "0".
H: Set if a carry from the low-order nibble occurred.
Format:
opc
dst | src
opc
src
opc
Examples:
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
02
r
r
6
03
r
lr
6
04
R
R
6
05
R
IR
6
06
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R1 = 12H, R2 = 03H, register 01H = 21H, register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0AH:
ADD
R1,R2
→
R1 = 15H, R2 = 03H
ADD
R1,@R2
→
R1 = 1CH, R2 = 03H
ADD
01H,02H
→
Register 01H = 24H, register 02H = 03H
ADD
01H,@02H
→
Register 01H = 2BH, register 02H = 03H
ADD
01H,#25H
→
Register 01H = 46H
In the first example, destination working register R1 contains 12H and the source working register
R2 contains 03H. The statement "ADD R1,R2" adds 03H to 12H, leaving the value 15H in
register R1.
6-15
INSTRUCTION SET
AND
S3F80J9
— Logical AND
AND
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst AND src
The source operand is logically ANDed with the destination operand. The result is stored in the
destination. The AND operation results in a "1" bit being stored whenever the corresponding bits
in the two operands are both logic ones; otherwise a "0" bit value is stored. The contents of the
source are unaffected.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Always cleared to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
dst | src
opc
src
opc
Examples:
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
52
r
r
6
53
r
lr
6
54
R
R
6
55
R
IR
6
56
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
dst
src
Given: R1 = 12H, R2 = 03H, register 01H = 21H, register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0AH:
AND
R1,R2
→
R1 = 02H, R2 = 03H
AND
R1,@R2
→
R1 = 02H, R2 = 03H
AND
01H,02H
→
Register 01H = 01H, register 02H = 03H
AND
01H,@02H
→
Register 01H = 00H, register 02H = 03H
AND
01H,#25H
→
Register 01H = 21H
In the first example, destination working register R1 contains the value 12H and the source
working register R2 contains 03H. The statement "AND R1,R2" logically ANDs the source
operand 03H with the destination operand value 12H, leaving the value 02H in register R1.
6-16
S3F80J9
BAND
INSTRUCTION SET
— Bit AND
BAND
dst,src.b
BAND
dst.b,src
Operation:
dst(0) ← dst(0) AND src(b)
or
dst(b) ← dst(b) AND src(0)
The specified bit of the source (or the destination) is logically ANDed with the zero bit (LSB) of
the destination (or source). The resultant bit is stored in the specified bit of the destination. No
other bits of the destination are affected. The source is unaffected.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Cleared to "0".
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
dst
opc
dst | b | 0
src
3
6
67
r0
Rb
opc
src | b | 1
dst
3
6
67
Rb
r0
NOTE: In the second byte of the 3-byte instruction formats, the destination (or source) address is four bits,
the bit address 'b' is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Examples:
Given: R1 = 07H and register 01H = 05H:
BAND R1,01H.1
→
R1 = 06H, register 01H = 05H
BAND 01H.1,R1
→
Register 01H = 05H, R1 = 07H
In the first example, source register 01H contains the value 05H (00000101B) and destination
working register R1 contains 07H (00000111B). The statement "BAND R1,01H.1" ANDs the bit 1
value of the source register ("0") with the bit 0 value of register R1 (destination), leaving the value
06H (00000110B) in register R1.
6-17
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
BCP — Bit Compare
BCP
dst,src.b
Operation:
dst(0) – src(b)
The specified bit of the source is compared to (subtracted from) bit zero (LSB) of the destination.
The zero flag is set if the bits are the same; otherwise it is cleared. The contents of both
operands are unaffected by the comparison.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the two bits are the same; cleared otherwise.
Cleared to "0".
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
dst | b | 0
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
6
17
Addr Mode
src
dst
r0
Rb
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction format, the destination address is four bits, the bit address 'b' is
three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Example:
Given: R1 = 07H and register 01H = 01H:
BCP
R1,01H.1
→
R1 = 07H, register 01H = 01H
If destination working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B) and the source register
01H contains the value 01H (00000001B), the statement "BCP R1,01H.1" compares bit one of
the source register (01H) and bit zero of the destination register (R1). Because the bit values are
not identical, the zero flag bit (Z) is cleared in the FLAGS register (0D5H).
6-18
S3F80J9
BITC
INSTRUCTION SET
— Bit Complement
BITC
dst.b
Operation:
dst(b) ← NOT dst(b)
This instruction complements the specified bit within the destination without affecting any other
bits in the destination.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Cleared to "0".
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
dst | b | 0
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
57
rb
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction format, the destination address is four bits, the bit address 'b'
is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Example:
Given: R1 = 07H
BITC
R1.1
→
R1 = 05H
If working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B), the statement "BITC R1.1"
complements bit one of the destination and leaves the value 05H (00000101B) in register R1.
Because the result of the complement is not "0", the zero flag (Z) in the FLAGS register (0D5H) is
cleared.
6-19
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
BITR — Bit Reset
BITR
dst.b
Operation:
dst(b) ← 0
The BITR instruction clears the specified bit within the destination without affecting any other bits
in the destination.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
dst | b | 0
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
77
rb
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction format, the destination address is four bits, the bit address 'b'
is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Example:
Given: R1 = 07H:
BITR
R1.1
→
R1 = 05H
If the value of working register R1 is 07H (00000111B), the statement "BITR R1.1" clears bit one
of the destination register R1, leaving the value 05H (00000101B).
6-20
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
BITS — Bit Set
BITS
dst.b
Operation:
dst(b) ← 1
The BITS instruction sets the specified bit within the destination without affecting any other bits in
the destination.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
dst | b | 1
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
77
rb
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction format, the destination address is four bits, the bit address 'b'
is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Example:
Given: R1 = 07H:
BITS
R1.3
→
R1 = 0FH
If working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B), the statement "BITS R1.3" sets bit
three of the destination register R1 to "1", leaving the value 0FH (00001111B).
6-21
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
BOR — Bit OR
BOR
dst,src.b
BOR
dst.b,src
Operation:
dst(0) ← dst(0) OR src(b)
or
dst(b) ← dst(b) OR src(0)
The specified bit of the source (or the destination) is logically ORed with bit zero (LSB) of the
destination (or the source). The resulting bit value is stored in the specified bit of the destination.
No other bits of the destination are affected. The source is unaffected.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Cleared to "0".
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
dst
opc
dst | b | 0
src
3
6
07
r0
Rb
opc
src | b | 1
dst
3
6
07
Rb
r0
NOTE: In the second byte of the 3-byte instruction formats, the destination (or source) address is four bits,
the bit address 'b' is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit.
Examples:
Given: R1 = 07H and register 01H = 03H:
BOR
R1, 01H.1
→
R1 = 07H, register 01H = 03H
BOR
01H.2, R1
→
Register 01H = 07H, R1 = 07H
In the first example, destination working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B) and
source register 01H the value 03H (00000011B). The statement "BOR R1,01H.1" logically ORs
bit one of register 01H (source) with bit zero of R1 (destination). This leaves the same value
(07H) in working register R1.
In the second example, destination register 01H contains the value 03H (00000011B) and the
source working register R1 the value 07H (00000111B). The statement "BOR 01H.2,R1" logically
ORs bit two of register 01H (destination) with bit zero of R1 (source). This leaves the value 07H
in register 01H.
6-22
S3F80J9
BTJRF
INSTRUCTION SET
— Bit Test, Jump Relative on False
BTJRF
dst,src.b
Operation:
If src(b) is a "0", then PC ← PC + dst
The specified bit within the source operand is tested. If it is a "0", the relative address is added to
the program counter and control passes to the statement whose address is now in the PC;
otherwise, the instruction following the BTJRF instruction is executed.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
10
37
(Note 1)
opc
src | b | 0
dst
Addr Mode
src
dst
RA
rb
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction format, the source address is four bits, the bit address 'b' is
three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Example:
Given: R1 = 07H:
BTJRF SKIP,R1.3
→
PC jumps to SKIP location
If working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B), the statement "BTJRF SKIP,R1.3"
tests bit 3. Because it is "0", the relative address is added to the PC and the PC jumps to the
memory location pointed to by the SKIP. (Remember that the memory location must be within the
allowed range of + 127 to – 128.)
6-23
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
BTJRT — Bit Test, Jump Relative on True
BTJRT
dst,src.b
Operation:
If src(b) is a "1", then PC ← PC + dst
The specified bit within the source operand is tested. If it is a "1", the relative address is added to
the program counter and control passes to the statement whose address is now in the PC;
otherwise, the instruction following the BTJRT instruction is executed.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
10
37
(Note 1)
opc
src | b | 1
dst
Addr Mode
dst
src
RA
rb
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction format, the source address is four bits, the bit address 'b' is
three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Example:
Given: R1 = 07H:
BTJRT
SKIP,R1.1
If working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B), the statement "BTJRT SKIP,R1.1"
tests bit one in the source register (R1). Because it is a "1", the relative address is added to the
PC and the PC jumps to the memory location pointed to by the SKIP. (Remember that the
memory location must be within the allowed range of + 127 to – 128.)
6-24
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
BXOR — Bit XOR
BXOR
dst,src.b
BXOR
dst.b,src
Operation:
dst(0) ← dst(0) XOR src(b)
or
dst(b) ← dst(b) XOR src(0)
The specified bit of the source (or the destination) is logically exclusive-ORed with bit zero (LSB)
of the destination (or source). The result bit is stored in the specified bit of the destination. No
other bits of the destination are affected. The source is unaffected.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Cleared to "0".
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
dst
opc
dst | b | 0
src
3
6
27
r0
Rb
opc
src | b | 1
dst
3
6
27
Rb
r0
NOTE: In the second byte of the 3-byte instruction formats, the destination (or source) address is four bits,
the bit address 'b' is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Examples:
Given: R1 = 07H (00000111B) and register 01H = 03H (00000011B):
BXOR R1,01H.1
→
R1 = 06H, register 01H = 03H
BXOR 01H.2,R1
→
Register 01H = 07H, R1 = 07H
In the first example, destination working register R1 has the value 07H (00000111B) and source
register 01H has the value 03H (00000011B). The statement "BXOR R1,01H.1" exclusive-ORs
bit one of register 01H (source) with bit zero of R1 (destination). The result bit value is stored in
bit zero of R1, changing its value from 07H to 06H. The value of source register 01H is
unaffected.
6-25
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
CALL — Call Procedure
CALL
dst
Operation:
SP
@SP
SP
@SP
PC
←
←
←
←
←
SP – 1
PCL
SP –1
PCH
dst
The current contents of the program counter are pushed onto the top of the stack. The program
counter value used is the address of the first instruction following the CALL instruction. The
specified destination address is then loaded into the program counter and points to the first
instruction of a procedure. At the end of the procedure the return instruction (RET) can be used
to return to the original program flow. RET pops the top of the stack back into the program
counter.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
3
14
F6
DA
opc
dst
2
12
F4
IRR
opc
dst
2
14
D4
IA
Given: R0 = 35H, R1 = 21H, PC = 1A47H, and SP = 0002H:
CALL
3521H →
SP = 0000H
(Memory locations 0000H = 1AH, 0001H = 4AH, where
4AH is the address that follows the instruction.)
CALL
@RR0 →
CALL
#40H
→
SP = 0000H (0000H = 1AH, 0001H = 49H)
SP = 0000H (0000H = 1AH, 0001H = 49H)
In the first example, if the program counter value is 1A47H and the stack pointer contains the
value 0002H, the statement "CALL 3521H" pushes the current PC value onto the top of the
stack. The stack pointer now points to memory location 0000H. The PC is then loaded with the
value 3521H, the address of the first instruction in the program sequence to be executed.
If the contents of the program counter and stack pointer are the same as in the first example, the
statement "CALL @RR0" produces the same result except that the 49H is stored in stack
location 0001H (because the two-byte instruction format was used). The PC is then loaded with
the value 3521H, the address of the first instruction in the program sequence to be executed.
Assuming that the contents of the program counter and stack pointer are the same as in the first
example, if program address 0040H contains 35H and program address 0041H contains 21H, the
statement "CALL #40H" produces the same result as in the second example.
6-26
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
CCF — Complement Carry Flag
CCF
Operation:
C ← NOT C
The carry flag (C) is complemented. If C = "1", the value of the carry flag is changed to logic
zero; if C = "0", the value of the carry flag is changed to logic one.
Flags:
C: Complemented.
No other flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
EF
Given: The carry flag = "0":
CCF
If the carry flag = "0", the CCF instruction complements it in the FLAGS register (0D5H),
changing its value from logic zero to logic one.
6-27
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
CLR — Clear
CLR
dst
Operation:
dst ← "0"
The destination location is cleared to "0".
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
B0
R
4
B1
IR
Given: Register 00H = 4FH, register 01H = 02H, and register 02H = 5EH:
→
CLR
00H
CLR
@01H →
Register 00H = 00H
Register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 00H
In Register (R) addressing mode, the statement "CLR 00H" clears the destination register 00H
value to 00H. In the second example, the statement "CLR @01H" uses Indirect Register (IR)
addressing mode to clear the 02H register value to 00H.
6-28
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
COM — Complement
COM
dst
Operation:
dst ← NOT dst
The contents of the destination location are complemented (one's complement); all "1s" are
changed to "0s", and vice-versa.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Always reset to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
60
R
4
61
IR
Given: R1 = 07H and register 07H = 0F1H:
COM
R1
→
R1 = 0F8H
COM
@R1
→
R1 = 07H, register 07H = 0EH
In the first example, destination working register R1 contains the value 07H (00000111B). The
statement "COM R1" complements all the bits in R1: all logic ones are changed to logic zeros,
and vice-versa, leaving the value 0F8H (11111000B).
In the second example, Indirect Register (IR) addressing mode is used to complement the value
of destination register 07H (11110001B), leaving the new value 0EH (00001110B).
6-29
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
CP — Compare
CP
dst,src
Operation:
dst – src
The source operand is compared to (subtracted from) the destination operand, and the
appropriate flags are set accordingly. The contents of both operands are unaffected by the
comparison.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Set if a "borrow" occurred (src > dst); cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
dst | src
opc
src
opc
Examples:
dst
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
A2
r
r
6
A3
r
lr
6
A4
R
R
6
A5
R
IR
6
A6
R
IM
3
src
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
1. Given: R1 = 02H and R2 = 03H:
CP
R1,R2 →
Set the C and S flags
Destination working register R1 contains the value 02H and source register R2 contains the value
03H. The statement "CP R1,R2" subtracts the R2 value (source/subtrahend) from the R1 value
(destination/minuend). Because a "borrow" occurs and the difference is negative, C and S are
"1".
2. Given: R1 = 05H and R2 = 0AH:
SKIP
CP
JP
INC
LD
R1,R2
UGE,SKIP
R1
R3,R1
In this example, destination working register R1 contains the value 05H which is less than the
contents of the source working register R2 (0AH). The statement "CP R1,R2" generates C = "1"
and the JP instruction does not jump to the SKIP location. After the statement "LD R3,R1"
executes, the value 06H remains in working register R3.
6-30
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
CPIJE — Compare, Increment, and Jump on Equal
CPIJE
dst,src,RA
Operation:
If dst – src = "0", PC ← PC + RA
Ir ← Ir + 1
The source operand is compared to (subtracted from) the destination operand. If the result is "0",
the relative address is added to the program counter and control passes to the statement whose
address is now in the program counter. Otherwise, the instruction immediately following the
CPIJE instruction is executed. In either case, the source pointer is incremented by one before the
next instruction is executed.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
src
dst
RA
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
12
C2
Addr Mode
dst
src
r
Ir
NOTE: Execution time is 18 cycles if the jump is taken or 16 cycles if it is not taken.
Example:
Given: R1 = 02H, R2 = 03H, and register 03H = 02H:
CPIJE R1,@R2,SKIP →
R2 = 04H, PC jumps to SKIP location
In this example, working register R1 contains the value 02H, working register R2 the value 03H,
and register 03 contains 02H. The statement "CPIJE R1,@R2,SKIP" compares the @R2 value
02H (00000010B) to 02H (00000010B). Because the result of the comparison is equal, the
relative address is added to the PC and the PC then jumps to the memory location pointed to by
SKIP. The source register (R2) is incremented by one, leaving a value of 04H. (Remember that
the memory location must be within the allowed range of + 127 to – 128.)
6-31
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
CPIJNE — Compare, Increment, and Jump on Non-Equal
CPIJNE
dst,src,RA
Operation:
If dst – src "0", PC ← PC + RA
Ir ← Ir + 1
The source operand is compared to (subtracted from) the destination operand. If the result is not
"0", the relative address is added to the program counter and control passes to the statement
whose address is now in the program counter; otherwise the instruction following the CPIJNE
instruction is executed. In either case the source pointer is incremented by one before the next
instruction.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
src
dst
RA
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
12
D2
Addr Mode
dst
src
r
Ir
NOTE: Execution time is 18 cycles if the jump is taken or 16 cycles if it is not taken.
Example:
Given: R1 = 02H, R2 = 03H, and register 03H = 04H:
CPIJNE R1,@R2,SKIP →
R2 = 04H, PC jumps to SKIP location
Working register R1 contains the value 02H, working register R2 (the source pointer) the value
03H, and general register 03 the value 04H. The statement "CPIJNE R1,@R2,SKIP" subtracts
04H (00000100B) from 02H (00000010B). Because the result of the comparison is non-equal, the
relative address is added to the PC and the PC then jumps to the memory location pointed to by
SKIP. The source pointer register (R2) is also incremented by one, leaving a value of 04H.
(Remember that the memory location must be within the allowed range of + 127 to – 128.)
6-32
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
DA — Decimal Adjust
DA
dst
Operation:
dst ← DA dst
The destination operand is adjusted to form two 4-bit BCD digits following an addition or
subtraction operation. For addition (ADD, ADC) or subtraction (SUB, SBC), the following table
indicates the operation performed. (The operation is undefined if the destination operand was not
the result of a valid addition or subtraction of BCD digits):
Instruction
Carry
Before DA
Bits 4–7
Value (Hex)
H Flag
Before DA
Bits 0–3
Value (Hex)
Number Added
to Byte
Carry
After DA
0
0–9
0
0–9
00
0
0
0–8
0
A–F
06
0
0
0–9
1
0–3
06
0
ADD
0
A–F
0
0–9
60
1
ADC
0
9–F
0
A–F
66
1
0
A–F
1
0–3
66
1
1
0–2
0
0–9
60
1
1
0–2
0
A–F
66
1
1
0–3
1
0–3
66
1
0
0–9
0
0–9
00 = – 00
0
SUB
0
0–8
1
6–F
FA = – 06
0
SBC
1
7–F
0
0–9
A0 = – 60
1
1
6–F
1
6–F
9A = – 66
1
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Set if there was a carry from the most significant bit; cleared otherwise (see table).
Set if result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
40
R
4
41
IR
6-33
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
DA — Decimal Adjust
DA
(Continued)
Example:
Given: Working register R0 contains the value 15 (BCD), working register R1 contains
27 (BCD), and address 27H contains 46 (BCD):
ADD
DA
R1,R0
R1
C ← "0", H ← "0", Bits 4–7 = 3, bits 0–3 = C, R1 ← 3CH
R1 ← 3CH + 06
;
;
If addition is performed using the BCD values 15 and 27, the result should be 42. The sum is
incorrect, however, when the binary representations are added in the destination location using
standard binary arithmetic:
0001
+ 0010
0101
0111
0011
1100
15
27
=
3CH
The DA instruction adjusts this result so that the correct BCD representation is obtained:
0011
+ 0000
1100
0110
0100
0010
=
42
Assuming the same values given above, the statements
SUB
27H,R0 ;
C ← "0", H ← "0", Bits 4–7 = 3, bits 0–3 = 1
DA
@R1
@R1 ← 31–0
;
leave the value 31 (BCD) in address 27H (@R1).
6-34
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
DEC — Decrement
DEC
dst
Operation:
dst ← dst – 1
The contents of the destination operand are decremented by one.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
00
R
4
01
IR
Given: R1 = 03H and register 03H = 10H:
DEC
R1
→
R1 = 02H
DEC
@R1
→
Register 03H = 0FH
In the first example, if working register R1 contains the value 03H, the statement "DEC R1"
decrements the hexadecimal value by one, leaving the value 02H. In the second example, the
statement "DEC @R1" decrements the value 10H contained in the destination register 03H by
one, leaving the value 0FH.
6-35
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
DECW — Decrement Word
DECW
dst
Operation:
dst ← dst – 1
The contents of the destination location (which must be an even address) and the operand
following that location are treated as a single 16-bit value that is decremented by one.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
8
80
RR
8
81
IR
Given: R0 = 12H, R1 = 34H, R2 = 30H, register 30H = 0FH, and register 31H = 21H:
DECW RR0
→
R0 = 12H, R1 = 33H
DECW @R2
→
Register 30H = 0FH, register 31H = 20H
In the first example, destination register R0 contains the value 12H and register R1 the value
34H. The statement "DECW RR0" addresses R0 and the following operand R1 as a 16-bit word
and decrements the value of R1 by one, leaving the value 33H.
NOTE:
A system malfunction may occur if you use a Zero flag (FLAGS.6) result together with a DECW
instruction. To avoid this problem, we recommend that you use DECW as shown in the following
example:
LOOP: DECW RR0
6-36
LD
R2,R1
OR
R2,R0
JR
NZ,LOOP
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
DI — Disable Interrupts
DI
Operation:
SYM (0) ← 0
Bit zero of the system mode control register, SYM.0, is cleared to "0", globally disabling all
interrupt processing. Interrupt requests will continue to set their respective interrupt pending bits,
but the CPU will not service them while interrupt processing is disabled.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
8F
Given: SYM = 01H:
DI
If the value of the SYM register is 01H, the statement "DI" leaves the new value 00H in the
register and clears SYM.0 to "0", disabling interrupt processing.
Before changing IMR, interrupt pending and interrupt source control register, be sure DI state.
6-37
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
DIV — Divide (Unsigned)
DIV
dst,src
Operation:
dst ÷ src
dst (UPPER) ← REMAINDER
dst (LOWER) ← QUOTIENT
The destination operand (16 bits) is divided by the source operand (8 bits). The quotient (8 bits)
is stored in the lower half of the destination. The remainder (8 bits) is stored in the upper half of
the destination. When the quotient is ≥ 28, the numbers stored in the upper and lower halves of
the destination for quotient and remainder are incorrect. Both operands are treated as unsigned
integers.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Set if the V flag is set and quotient is between 28 and 29 –1; cleared otherwise.
Set if divisor or quotient = "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if MSB of quotient = "1"; cleared otherwise.
Set if quotient is ≥ 28 or if divisor = "0"; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
src
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
dst
3
26/10
94
RR
26/10
95
RR
IR
26/10
96
RR
IM
R
NOTE: Execution takes 10 cycles if the divide-by-zero is attempted; otherwise it takes 26 cycles.
Examples:
Given: R0 = 10H, R1 = 03H, R2 = 40H, register 40H = 80H:
DIV
RR0,R2
→
R0 = 03H, R1 = 40H
DIV
RR0,@R2
→
R0 = 03H, R1 = 20H
DIV
RR0,#20H
→
R0 = 03H, R1 = 80H
In the first example, destination working register pair RR0 contains the values 10H (R0) and 03H
(R1), and register R2 contains the value 40H. The statement "DIV RR0,R2" divides the 16-bit
RR0 value by the 8-bit value of the R2 (source) register. After the DIV instruction, R0 contains the
value 03H and R1 contains 40H. The 8-bit remainder is stored in the upper half of the destination
register RR0 (R0) and the quotient in the lower half (R1).
6-38
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
DJNZ — Decrement and Jump if Non-Zero
DJNZ
r,dst
Operation:
r ← r – 1
If r ≠ 0, PC ← PC + dst
The working register being used as a counter is decremented. If the contents of the register are
not logic zero after decrementing, the relative address is added to the program counter and
control passes to the statement whose address is now in the PC. The range of the relative
address is +127 to –128, and the original value of the PC is taken to be the address of the
instruction byte following the DJNZ statement.
NOTE: In case of using DJNZ instruction, the working register being used as a counter should be set at
the one of location 0C0H to 0CFH with SRP, SRP0, or SRP1 instruction.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
r | opc
dst
2
Cycles
8 (jump taken)
8 (no jump)
Example:
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
rA
RA
r = 0 to F
Given: R1 = 02H and LOOP is the label of a relative address:
SRP
#0C0H
DJNZ
R1,LOOP
DJNZ is typically used to control a "loop" of instructions. In many cases, a label is used as the
destination operand instead of a numeric relative address value. In the example, working register
R1 contains the value 02H, and LOOP is the label for a relative address.
The statement "DJNZ R1, LOOP" decrements register R1 by one, leaving the value 01H.
Because the contents of R1 after the decrement are non-zero, the jump is taken to the relative
address specified by the LOOP label.
6-39
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
EI — Enable Interrupts
EI
Operation:
SYM (0) ← 1
An EI instruction sets bit zero of the system mode register, SYM.0 to "1". This allows interrupts to
be serviced as they occur (assuming they have highest priority). If an interrupt's pending bit was
set while interrupt processing was disabled (by executing a DI instruction), it will be serviced
when you execute the EI instruction.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
9F
Given: SYM = 00H:
EI
If the SYM register contains the value 00H, that is, if interrupts are currently disabled, the
statement "EI" sets the SYM register to 01H, enabling all interrupts. (SYM.0 is the enable bit for
global interrupt processing.)
6-40
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
ENTER — Enter
ENTER
Operation:
SP
@SP
IP
PC
IP
←
←
←
←
←
SP – 2
IP
PC
@IP
IP + 2
This instruction is useful when implementing threaded-code languages. The contents of the
instruction pointer are pushed to the stack. The program counter (PC) value is then written to the
instruction pointer. The program memory word that is pointed to by the instruction pointer is
loaded into the PC, and the instruction pointer is incremented by two.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
14
1F
opc
Example:
The diagram below shows one example of how to use an ENTER statement.
Before
Address
After
Data
IP
0050
PC
0040
SP
0022
Address
Address
22
Data
Stack
40
41
42
43
Data
IP
0043
PC
0110
SP
0020
20
21
22
IPH
IPL
Data
Data
Enter
Address H
Address L
Address H
Memory
1F
01
10
Address
40
41
42
43
00
50
110
Data
Enter
Address H
Address L
Address H
1F
01
10
Routine
Memory
Stack
6-41
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
EXIT — Exit
EXIT
Operation:
←
←
←
←
IP
SP
PC
IP
@SP
SP + 2
@IP
IP + 2
This instruction is useful when implementing threaded-code languages. The stack value is
popped and loaded into the instruction pointer. The program memory word that is pointed to by
the instruction pointer is then loaded into the program counter, and the instruction pointer is
incremented by two.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode (Hex)
1
14 (internal stack)
2F
opc
16 (internal stack)
Example:
The diagram below shows one example of how to use an EXIT statement.
Before
Address
IP
After
Data
Address
0050
IP
Address
PC
SP
0022
20
21
22
IPH
IPL
Data
Stack
Address
PC
140
6-42
Data
0040
50
51
00
50
Data
0052
PCL old
PCH
Exit
Memory
Data
0060
60
00
60
SP
0022
22
Data
Main
2F
Stack
Memory
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
IDLE — Idle Operation
IDLE
Operation:
The IDLE instruction stops the CPU clock while allowing system clock oscillation to continue. Idle
mode can be released by an interrupt request (IRQ) or an external reset operation.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
6F
Addr Mode
src
dst
–
–
The instruction
IDLE
stops the CPU clock but not the system clock.
6-43
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
INC — Increment
INC
dst
Operation:
dst ← dst + 1
The contents of the destination operand are incremented by one.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
dst | opc
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
1
4
rE
r
r = 0 to F
opc
Examples:
dst
2
4
20
R
4
21
IR
Given: R0 = 1BH, register 00H = 0CH, and register 1BH = 0FH:
INC
R0
→
R0 = 1CH
INC
00H
→
Register 00H = 0DH
INC
@R0
→
R0 = 1BH, register 01H = 10H
In the first example, if destination working register R0 contains the value 1BH, the statement "INC
R0" leaves the value 1CH in that same register.
The next example shows the effect an INC instruction has on register 00H, assuming that it
contains the value 0CH.
In the third example, INC is used in Indirect Register (IR) addressing mode to increment the
value of register 1BH from 0FH to 10H.
6-44
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
INCW — Increment Word
INCW
dst
Operation:
dst ← dst + 1
The contents of the destination (which must be an even address) and the byte following that
location are treated as a single 16-bit value that is incremented by one.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
8
A0
RR
8
A1
IR
Given: R0 = 1AH, R1 = 02H, register 02H = 0FH, and register 03H = 0FFH:
INCW RR0
→
R0 = 1AH, R1 = 03H
INCW @R1
→
Register 02H = 10H, register 03H = 00H
In the first example, the working register pair RR0 contains the value 1AH in register R0 and 02H
in register R1. The statement "INCW RR0" increments the 16-bit destination by one, leaving the
value 03H in register R1. In the second example, the statement "INCW @R1" uses Indirect
Register (IR) addressing mode to increment the contents of general register 03H from 0FFH to
00H and register 02H from 0FH to 10H.
NOTE:
A system malfunction may occur if you use a Zero (Z) flag (FLAGS.6) result together with an
INCW instruction. To avoid this problem, we recommend that you use INCW as shown in the
following example:
LOOP:
INCW
LD
OR
JR
RR0
R2,R1
R2,R0
NZ,LOOP
6-45
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
IRET — Interrupt Return
IRET
IRET (Normal)
IRET (Fast)
Operation:
FLAGS ← @SP
SP ← SP + 1
PC ← @SP
SP ← SP + 2
SYM(0) ← 1
PC ↔ IP
FLAGS ← FLAGS'
FIS ← 0
This instruction is used at the end of an interrupt service routine. It restores the flag register and
the program counter. It also re-enables global interrupts. A "normal IRET" is executed only if the
fast interrupt status bit (FIS, bit one of the FLAGS register, 0D5H) is cleared (= "0"). If a fast
interrupt occurred, IRET clears the FIS bit that was set at the beginning of the service routine.
Flags:
All flags are restored to their original settings (that is, the settings before the interrupt occurred).
Format:
IRET
(Normal)
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode (Hex)
opc
1
10 (internal stack)
BF
12 (internal stack)
Example:
IRET
(Fast)
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode (Hex)
opc
1
6
BF
In the figure below, the instruction pointer is initially loaded with 100H in the main program before
interrupts are enabled. When an interrupt occurs, the program counter and instruction pointer are
swapped. This causes the PC to jump to address 100H and the IP to keep the return address.
The last instruction in the service routine normally is a jump to IRET at address FFH. This causes
the instruction pointer to be loaded with 100H "again" and the program counter to jump back to
the main program. Now, the next interrupt can occur and the IP is still correct at 100H.
0H
FFH
100H
IRET
Interrupt
Service
Routine
JP to FFH
FFFFH
NOTE: In the fast interrupt example above, if the last instruction is not a jump to IRET, you must pay attention to the order of
the last two instructions. The IRET cannot be immediately proceeded by a clearing of the interrupt status (as with a
reset of the IPR register).
6-46
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
JP — Jump
JP
cc,dst
(Conditional)
JP
dst
(Unconditional)
Operation:
If cc is true, PC ← dst
The conditional JUMP instruction transfers program control to the destination address if the
condition specified by the condition code (cc) is true; otherwise, the instruction following the JP
instruction is executed. The unconditional JP simply replaces the contents of the PC with the
contents of the specified register pair. Control then passes to the statement addressed by the
PC.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format: (1)
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
3
8
ccD
DA
(2)
dst
cc | opc
cc = 0 to F
opc
dst
2
8
30
IRR
NOTES:
1. The 3-byte format is used for a conditional jump and the 2-byte format for an unconditional jump.
2. In the first byte of the three-byte instruction format (conditional jump), the condition code and the
opcode are both four bits.
Examples:
Given: The carry flag (C) = "1", register 00 = 01H, and register 01 = 20H:
JP
C,LABEL_W
→
LABEL_W = 1000H, PC = 1000H
JP
@00H
→
PC = 0120H
The first example shows a conditional JP. Assuming that the carry flag is set to "1", the statement
"JP C,LABEL_W" replaces the contents of the PC with the value 1000H and transfers control to
that location. Had the carry flag not been set, control would then have passed to the statement
immediately following the JP instruction.
The second example shows an unconditional JP. The statement "JP @00" replaces the contents
of the PC with the contents of the register pair 00H and 01H, leaving the value 0120H.
6-47
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
JR — Jump Relative
JR
cc,dst
Operation:
If cc is true, PC ← PC + dst
If the condition specified by the condition code (cc) is true, the relative address is added to the
program counter and control passes to the statement whose address is now in the program
counter; otherwise, the instruction following the JR instruction is executed. (See list of condition
codes).
The range of the relative address is +127, –128, and the original value of the program counter is
taken to be the address of the first instruction byte following the JR statement.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
6
ccB
RA
(1)
cc | opc
dst
cc = 0 to F
NOTE: In the first byte of the two-byte instruction format, the condition code and the opcode are each
four bits.
Example:
Given: The carry flag = "1" and LABEL_X = 1FF7H:
JR
C,LABEL_X
→
PC = 1FF7H
If the carry flag is set (that is, if the condition code is true), the statement "JR C,LABEL_X" will
pass control to the statement whose address is now in the PC. Otherwise, the program
instruction following the JR would be executed.
6-48
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
LD — Load
LD
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
The contents of the source are loaded into the destination. The source's contents are unaffected.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
dst | opc
src | opc
src
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
rC
r
IM
4
r8
r
R
4
r9
R
r
2
Addr Mode
src
dst
r = 0 to F
opc
opc
opc
dst | src
src
dst
2
dst
src
3
3
4
C7
r
lr
4
D7
Ir
r
6
E4
R
R
6
E5
R
IR
6
E6
R
IM
6
D6
IR
IM
opc
src
dst
3
6
F5
IR
R
opc
dst | src
x
3
6
87
r
x [r]
opc
src | dst
x
3
6
97
x [r]
r
6-49
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
LD — Load
LD
(Continued)
Examples:
Given: R0 = 01H, R1 = 0AH, register 00H = 01H, register 01H = 20H,
register 02H = 02H, LOOP = 30H, and register 3AH = 0FFH:
6-50
LD
R0,#10H
→
R0 = 10H
LD
R0,01H
→
R0 = 20H, register 01H = 20H
LD
01H,R0
→
Register 01H = 01H, R0 = 01H
LD
R1,@R0
→
R1 = 20H, R0 = 01H
LD
@R0,R1
→
R0 = 01H, R1 = 0AH, register 01H = 0AH
LD
00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 20H, register 01H = 20H
LD
02H,@00H
→
Register 02H = 20H, register 00H = 01H
LD
00H,#0AH
→
Register 00H = 0AH
LD
@00H,#10H
→
Register 00H = 01H, register 01H = 10H
LD
@00H,02H
→
Register 00H = 01H, register 01H = 02, register 02H = 02H
LD
R0,#LOOP[R1] →
R0 = 0FFH, R1 = 0AH
LD
#LOOP[R0],R1 →
Register 31H = 0AH, R0 = 01H, R1 = 0AH
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
LDB — Load Bit
LDB
dst,src.b
LDB
dst.b,src
Operation:
dst(0) ← src(b)
or
dst(b) ← src(0)
The specified bit of the source is loaded into bit zero (LSB) of the destination, or bit zero of the
source is loaded into the specified bit of the destination. No other bits of the destination are
affected. The source is unaffected.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
dst
opc
dst | b | 0
src
3
6
47
r0
Rb
opc
src | b | 1
dst
3
6
47
Rb
r0
NOTE: In the second byte of the instruction formats, the destination (or source) address is four bits, the bit
address 'b' is three bits, and the LSB address value is one bit in length.
Examples:
Given: R0 = 06H and general register 00H = 05H:
LDB
R0,00H.2
→
R0 = 07H, register 00H = 05H
LDB
00H.0,R0
→
R0 = 06H, register 00H = 04H
In the first example, destination working register R0 contains the value 06H and the source
general register 00H the value 05H. The statement "LD R0,00H.2" loads the bit two value of the
00H register into bit zero of the R0 register, leaving the value 07H in register R0.
In the second example, 00H is the destination register. The statement "LD 00H.0,R0" loads bit
zero of register R0 to the specified bit (bit zero) of the destination register, leaving 04H in general
register 00H.
6-51
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
LDC/LDE — Load Memory
LDC/LDE
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
This instruction loads a byte from program or data memory into a working register or vice-versa.
The source values are unaffected. LDC refers to program memory and LDE to data memory. The
assembler makes 'Irr' or 'rr' values an even number for program memory and odd an odd number
for data memory.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
src
1.
opc
dst | src
2
10
C3
r
Irr
2.
opc
src | dst
2
10
D3
Irr
r
3.
opc
dst | src
XS
3
12
E7
r
XS [rr]
4.
opc
src | dst
XS
3
12
F7
XS [rr]
r
5.
opc
dst | src
XLL
XLH
4
14
A7
r
XL [rr]
6.
opc
src | dst
XLL
XLH
4
14
B7
XL [rr]
r
7.
opc
dst | 0000
DAL
DAH
4
14
A7
r
DA
8.
opc
src | 0000
DAL
DAH
4
14
B7
DA
r
9.
opc
dst | 0001
DAL
DAH
4
14
A7
r
DA
10.
opc
src | 0001
DAL
DAH
4
14
B7
DA
r
NOTES:
1. The source (src) or working register pair [rr] for formats 5 and 6 cannot use register pair 0–1.
2. For formats 3 and 4, the destination address 'XS [rr]' and the source address 'XS [rr]' are each one
byte.
3. For formats 5 and 6, the destination address 'XL [rr] and the source address 'XL [rr]' are each two
bytes.
4. The DA and r source values for formats 7 and 8 are used to address program memory; the second set
of values, used in formats 9 and 10, are used to address data memory.
6-52
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
LDC/LDE — Load Memory
LDC/LDE
(Continued)
Examples:
Given: R0 = 11H, R1 = 34H, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H; Program memory locations
0103H = 4FH, 0104H = 1A, 0105H = 6DH, and 1104H = 88H. External data memory
locations 0103H = 5FH, 0104H = 2AH, 0105H = 7DH, and 1104H = 98H:
LDC
R0,@RR2
; R0 ← contents of program memory location 0104H
; R0 = 1AH, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H
LDE
R0,@RR2
; R0 ← contents of external data memory location 0104H
; R0 = 2AH, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H
LDC (note) @RR2,R0
; 11H (contents of R0) is loaded into program memory
; location 0104H (RR2),
; working registers R0, R2, R3 → no change
LDE
@RR2,R0
; 11H (contents of R0) is loaded into external data memory
; location 0104H (RR2),
; working registers R0, R2, R3 → no change
LDC
R0,#01H[RR2]
; R0 ← contents of program memory location 0105H
; (01H + RR2),
; R0 = 6DH, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H
LDE
R0,#01H[RR2]
; R0 ← contents of external data memory location 0105H
; (01H + RR2), R0 = 7DH, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H
LDC (note) #01H[RR2],R0
; 11H (contents of R0) is loaded into program memory location
; 0105H (01H + 0104H)
LDE
#01H[RR2],R0
; 11H (contents of R0) is loaded into external data memory
; location 0105H (01H + 0104H)
LDC
R0,#1000H[RR2] ; R0 ← contents of program memory location 1104H
; (1000H + 0104H), R0 = 88H, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H
LDE
R0,#1000H[RR2] ; R0 ← contents of external data memory location 1104H
; (1000H + 0104H), R0 = 98H, R2 = 01H, R3 = 04H
LDC
R0,1104H
; R0 ← contents of program memory location 1104H, R0 = 88H
LDE
R0,1104H
; R0 ← contents of external data memory location 1104H,
; R0 = 98H
LDC (note) 1105H,R0
; 11H (contents of R0) is loaded into program memory location
; 1105H, (1105H) ← 11H
LDE
; 11H (contents of R0) is loaded into external data memory
; location 1105H, (1105H) ← 11H
1105H,R0
NOTE: These instructions are not supported by masked ROM type devices.
6-53
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
LDCD/LDED — Load Memory and Decrement
LDCD/LDED
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
rr ← rr – 1
These instructions are used for user stacks or block transfers of data from program or data
memory to the register file. The address of the memory location is specified by a working register
pair. The contents of the source location are loaded into the destination location. The memory
address is then decremented. The contents of the source are unaffected.
LDCD references program memory and LDED references external data memory. The assembler
makes 'Irr' an even number for program memory and an odd number for data memory.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst | src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
10
E2
Addr Mode
src
dst
r
Given: R6 = 10H, R7 = 33H, R8 = 12H, program memory location 1033H = 0CDH, and
external data memory location 1033H = 0DDH:
LDCD
R8,@RR6
; 0CDH (contents of program memory location 1033H) is loaded
; into R8 and RR6 is decremented by one
; R8 = 0CDH, R6 = 10H, R7 = 32H (RR6 ← RR6 – 1)
LDED
R8,@RR6
; 0DDH (contents of data memory location 1033H) is loaded
; into R8 and RR6 is decremented by one (RR6 ← RR6 – 1)
; R8 = 0DDH, R6 = 10H, R7 = 32H
6-54
Irr
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
LDCI/LDEI — Load Memory and Increment
LDCI/LDEI
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
rr ← rr + 1
These instructions are used for user stacks or block transfers of data from program or data
memory to the register file. The address of the memory location is specified by a working register
pair. The contents of the source location are loaded into the destination location. The memory
address is then incremented automatically. The contents of the source are unaffected.
LDCI refers to program memory and LDEI refers to external data memory. The assembler makes
'Irr' even for program memory and odd for data memory.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst | src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
10
E3
Addr Mode
src
dst
r
Irr
Given: R6 = 10H, R7 = 33H, R8 = 12H, program memory locations 1033H = 0CDH and
1034H = 0C5H; external data memory locations 1033H = 0DDH and 1034H = 0D5H:
LDCI
R8,@RR6
; 0CDH (contents of program memory location 1033H) is loaded
; into R8 and RR6 is incremented by one (RR6 ← RR6 + 1)
; R8 = 0CDH, R6 = 10H, R7 = 34H
LDEI
R8,@RR6
; 0DDH (contents of data memory location 1033H) is loaded
; into R8 and RR6 is incremented by one (RR6 ← RR6 + 1)
; R8 = 0DDH, R6 = 10H, R7 = 34H
6-55
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
LDCPD/LDEPD — Load Memory with Pre-Decrement
LDCPD/
LDEPD
dst,src
Operation:
rr ← rr – 1
dst ← src
These instructions are used for block transfers of data from program or data memory from the
register file. The address of the memory location is specified by a working register pair and is first
decremented. The contents of the source location are then loaded into the destination location.
The contents of the source are unaffected.
LDCPD refers to program memory and LDEPD refers to external data memory. The assembler
makes 'Irr' an even number for program memory and an odd number for external data memory.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
6-56
src | dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
14
F2
Addr Mode
src
dst
Irr
r
Given: R0 = 77H, R6 = 30H, and R7 = 00H:
LDCPD
@RR6,R0
;
;
;
;
(RR6 ← RR6 – 1)
77H (contents of R0) is loaded into program memory location
2FFFH (3000H – 1H)
R0 = 77H, R6 = 2FH, R7 = 0FFH
LDEPD
@RR6,R0
;
;
;
;
(RR6 ← RR6 – 1)
77H (contents of R0) is loaded into external data memory
location 2FFFH (3000H – 1H)
R0 = 77H, R6 = 2FH, R7 = 0FFH
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
LDCPI/LDEPI — Load Memory with Pre-Increment
LDCPI/
LDEPI
dst,src
Operation:
rr ← rr + 1
dst ← src
These instructions are used for block transfers of data from program or data memory from the
register file. The address of the memory location is specified by a working register pair and is first
incremented. The contents of the source location are loaded into the destination location. The
contents of the source are unaffected.
LDCPI refers to program memory and LDEPI refers to external data memory. The assembler
makes 'Irr' an even number for program memory and an odd number for data memory.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
14
F3
src | dst
Addr Mode
src
dst
Irr
r
Given: R0 = 7FH, R6 = 21H, and R7 = 0FFH:
LDCPI
@RR6,R0
;
;
;
;
(RR6 ← RR6 + 1)
7FH (contents of R0) is loaded into program memory
location 2200H (21FFH + 1H)
R0 = 7FH, R6 = 22H, R7 = 00H
LDEPI
@RR6,R0
;
;
;
;
(RR6 ← RR6 + 1)
7FH (contents of R0) is loaded into external data memory
location 2200H (21FFH + 1H)
R0 = 7FH, R6 = 22H, R7 = 00H
6-57
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
LDW — Load Word
LDW
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
The contents of the source (a word) are loaded into the destination. The contents of the source
are unaffected.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
opc
Examples:
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
8
C4
RR
RR
8
C5
RR
IR
8
C6
RR
IML
4
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R4 = 06H, R5 = 1CH, R6 = 05H, R7 = 02H, register 00H = 1AH,
register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 03H, and register 03H = 0FH:
LDW
RR6,RR4
→
R6 = 06H, R7 = 1CH, R4 = 06H, R5 = 1CH
LDW
00H,02H
→
Register 00H = 03H, register 01H = 0FH,
register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0FH
LDW
RR2,@R7
→
R2 = 03H, R3 = 0FH,
LDW
04H,@01H
→
Register 04H = 03H, register 05H = 0FH
LDW
RR6,#1234H
→
R6 = 12H, R7 = 34H
LDW
02H,#0FEDH
→
Register 02H = 0FH, register 03H = 0EDH
In the second example, please note that the statement "LDW 00H,02H" loads the contents of the
source word 02H, 03H into the destination word 00H, 01H. This leaves the value 03H in general
register 00H and the value 0FH in register 01H.
The other examples show how to use the LDW instruction with various addressing modes and
formats.
6-58
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
MULT — Multiply (Unsigned)
MULT
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst × src
The 8-bit destination operand (even register of the register pair) is multiplied by the source
operand (8 bits) and the product (16 bits) is stored in the register pair specified by the destination
address. Both operands are treated as unsigned integers.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Set if result is > 255; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if MSB of the result is a "1"; cleared otherwise.
Cleared.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
src
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
dst
3
22
84
RR
R
22
85
RR
IR
22
86
RR
IM
Given: Register 00H = 20H, register 01H = 03H, register 02H = 09H, register 03H = 06H:
MULT
00H, 02H
→
Register 00H = 01H, register 01H = 20H, register 02H = 09H
MULT
00H, @01H
→
Register 00H = 00H, register 01H = 0C0H
MULT
00H, #30H
→
Register 00H = 06H, register 01H = 00H
In the first example, the statement "MULT 00H,02H" multiplies the 8-bit destination operand (in
the register 00H of the register pair 00H, 01H) by the source register 02H operand (09H). The
16-bit product, 0120H, is stored in the register pair 00H, 01H.
6-59
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
NEXT — Next
NEXT
Operation:
PC ← @ IP
IP ← IP + 2
The NEXT instruction is useful when implementing threaded-code languages. The program
memory word that is pointed to by the instruction pointer is loaded into the program counter. The
instruction pointer is then incremented by two.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
10
0F
opc
Example:
The following diagram shows one example of how to use the NEXT instruction.
Before
Address
IP
After
Data
Address
0043
IP
0120
43
44
45
120
Address H
Address L
Address H
Next
Memory
6-60
0045
Data
Address
PC
Data
01
10
Address
PC
0130
43
44
45
130
Data
Address H
Address L
Address H
Routine
Memory
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
NOP — No Operation
NOP
Operation:
No action is performed when the CPU executes this instruction. Typically, one or more NOPs are
executed in sequence in order to effect a timing delay of variable duration.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
FF
When the instruction
NOP
is encountered in a program, no operation occurs. Instead, there is a delay in instruction
execution time.
6-61
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
OR — Logical OR
OR
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst OR src
The source operand is logically ORed with the destination operand and the result is stored in the
destination. The contents of the source are unaffected. The OR operation results in a "1" being
stored whenever either of the corresponding bits in the two operands is a "1"; otherwise a "0" is
stored.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Always cleared to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
opc
opc
Examples:
dst | src
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
42
r
r
6
43
r
lr
6
44
R
R
6
45
R
IR
6
46
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
dst
src
Given: R0 = 15H, R1 = 2AH, R2 = 01H, register 00H = 08H, register 01H = 37H, and
register 08H = 8AH:
OR
R0,R1
→
R0 = 3FH, R1 = 2AH
OR
R0,@R2
→
R0 = 37H, R2 = 01H, register 01H = 37H
OR
00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 3FH, register 01H = 37H
OR
01H,@00H
→
Register 00H = 08H, register 01H = 0BFH
OR
00H,#02H
→
Register 00H = 0AH
In the first example, if working register R0 contains the value 15H and register R1 the value 2AH,
the statement "OR R0,R1" logical-ORs the R0 and R1 register contents and stores the result
(3FH) in destination register R0.
The other examples show the use of the logical OR instruction with the various addressing
modes and formats.
6-62
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
POP — Pop From Stack
POP
dst
Operation:
dst ← @SP
SP ← SP + 1
The contents of the location addressed by the stack pointer are loaded into the destination. The
stack pointer is then incremented by one.
Flags:
No flags affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
8
50
R
8
51
IR
Given: Register 00H = 01H, register 01H = 1BH, SPH (0D8H) = 00H, SPL (0D9H) = 0FBH,
and stack register 0FBH = 55H:
POP
00H
→
Register 00H = 55H, SP = 00FCH
POP
@00H
→
Register 00H = 01H, register 01H = 55H, SP = 00FCH
In the first example, general register 00H contains the value 01H. The statement "POP 00H"
loads the contents of location 00FBH (55H) into destination register 00H and then increments the
stack pointer by one. Register 00H then contains the value 55H and the SP points to location
00FCH.
6-63
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
POPUD — Pop User Stack (Decrementing)
POPUD
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
IR ← IR – 1
This instruction is used for user-defined stacks in the register file. The contents of the register file
location addressed by the user stack pointer are loaded into the destination. The user stack
pointer is then decremented.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
src
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
8
92
Addr Mode
src
dst
R
IR
Given: Register 00H = 42H (user stack pointer register), register 42H = 6FH, and
register 02H = 70H:
POPUD
02H,@00H
→
Register 00H = 41H, register 02H = 6FH, register 42H = 6FH
If general register 00H contains the value 42H and register 42H the value 6FH, the statement
"POPUD 02H,@00H" loads the contents of register 42H into the destination register 02H. The
user stack pointer is then decremented by one, leaving the value 41H.
6-64
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
POPUI — Pop User Stack (Incrementing)
POPUI
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← src
IR ← IR + 1
The POPUI instruction is used for user-defined stacks in the register file. The contents of the
register file location addressed by the user stack pointer are loaded into the destination. The user
stack pointer is then incremented.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
src
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
8
93
Addr Mode
dst
src
R
IR
Given: Register 00H = 01H and register 01H = 70H:
POPUI
02H,@00H
→
Register 00H = 02H, register 01H = 70H, register 02H = 70H
If general register 00H contains the value 01H and register 01H the value 70H, the statement
"POPUI 02H,@00H" loads the value 70H into the destination general register 02H. The user
stack pointer (register 00H) is then incremented by one, changing its value from 01H to 02H.
6-65
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
PUSH — Push To Stack
PUSH
src
Operation:
SP ← SP – 1
@SP ← src
A PUSH instruction decrements the stack pointer value and loads the contents of the source (src)
into the location addressed by the decremented stack pointer. The operation then adds the new
value to the top of the stack.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
8 (internal clock)
70
R
71
IR
8 (external clock)
8 (internal clock)
8 (external clock)
Examples:
Given: Register 40H = 4FH, register 4FH = 0AAH, SPH = 00H, and SPL = 00H:
PUSH
40H
→
Register 40H = 4FH, stack register 0FFH = 4FH,
SPH = 0FFH, SPL = 0FFH
PUSH
@40H
→
Register 40H = 4FH, register 4FH = 0AAH, stack register
0FFH = 0AAH, SPH = 0FFH, SPL = 0FFH
In the first example, if the stack pointer contains the value 0000H, and general register 40H the
value 4FH, the statement "PUSH 40H" decrements the stack pointer from 0000 to 0FFFFH. It
then loads the contents of register 40H into location 0FFFFH and adds this new value to the top
of the stack.
6-66
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
PUSHUD — Push User Stack (Decrementing)
PUSHUD
dst,src
Operation:
IR ← IR – 1
dst ← src
This instruction is used to address user-defined stacks in the register file. PUSHUD decrements
the user stack pointer and loads the contents of the source into the register addressed by the
decremented stack pointer.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
8
82
Addr Mode
src
dst
IR
R
Given: Register 00H = 03H, register 01H = 05H, and register 02H = 1AH:
PUSHUD @00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 02H, register 01H = 05H, register 02H = 05H
If the user stack pointer (register 00H, for example) contains the value 03H, the statement
"PUSHUD @00H,01H" decrements the user stack pointer by one, leaving the value 02H. The
01H register value, 05H, is then loaded into the register addressed by the decremented user
stack pointer.
6-67
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
PUSHUI — Push User Stack (Incrementing)
PUSHUI
dst,src
Operation:
IR ← IR + 1
dst ← src
This instruction is used for user-defined stacks in the register file. PUSHUI increments the user
stack pointer and then loads the contents of the source into the register location addressed by
the incremented user stack pointer.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
3
8
83
Addr Mode
src
dst
IR
R
Given: Register 00H = 03H, register 01H = 05H, and register 04H = 2AH:
PUSHUI
@00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 04H, register 01H = 05H, register 04H = 05H
If the user stack pointer (register 00H, for example) contains the value 03H, the statement
"PUSHUI @00H,01H" increments the user stack pointer by one, leaving the value 04H. The 01H
register value, 05H, is then loaded into the location addressed by the incremented user stack
pointer.
6-68
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
RCF — Reset Carry Flag
RCF
RCF
Operation:
C ← 0
The carry flag is cleared to logic zero, regardless of its previous value.
Flags:
C:
Cleared to "0".
No other flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
CF
Given: C = "1" or "0":
The instruction RCF clears the carry flag (C) to logic zero.
6-69
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
RET — Return
RET
Operation:
PC ← @SP
SP ← SP + 2
The RET instruction is normally used to return to the previously executing procedure at the end of
a procedure entered by a CALL instruction. The contents of the location addressed by the stack
pointer are popped into the program counter. The next statement that is executed is the one that
is addressed by the new program counter value.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode (Hex)
1
8 (internal stack)
AF
10 (internal stack)
Example:
Given: SP = 00FCH, (SP) = 101AH, and PC = 1234:
RET
→
PC = 101AH, SP = 00FEH
The statement "RET" pops the contents of stack pointer location 00FCH (10H) into the high byte
of the program counter. The stack pointer then pops the value in location 00FEH (1AH) into the
PC's low byte and the instruction at location 101AH is executed. The stack pointer now points to
memory location 00FEH.
6-70
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
RL — Rotate Left
RL
dst
Operation:
C ← dst (7)
dst (0) ← dst (7)
dst (n + 1) ← dst (n), n = 0–6
The contents of the destination operand are rotated left one bit position. The initial value of bit 7 is
moved to the bit zero (LSB) position and also replaces the carry flag.
7
0
C
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Set if the bit rotated from the most significant bit position (bit 7) was "1".
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred; cleared otherwise.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
90
R
4
91
IR
Given: Register 00H = 0AAH, register 01H = 02H and register 02H = 17H:
RL
00H
→
Register 00H = 55H, C = "1"
RL
@01H
→
Register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 2EH, C = "0"
In the first example, if general register 00H contains the value 0AAH (10101010B), the statement
"RL 00H" rotates the 0AAH value left one bit position, leaving the new value 55H (01010101B)
and setting the carry and overflow flags.
6-71
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
RLC — Rotate Left Through Carry
RLC
dst
Operation:
dst (0) ← C
C ← dst (7)
dst (n + 1) ← dst (n), n = 0–6
The contents of the destination operand with the carry flag are rotated left one bit position. The
initial value of bit 7 replaces the carry flag (C); the initial value of the carry flag replaces bit zero.
7
0
C
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Set if the bit rotated from the most significant bit position (bit 7) was "1".
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred, that is, if the sign of the destination changed during
rotation; cleared otherwise.
D: Unaffected.
H: Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
10
R
4
11
IR
Given: Register 00H = 0AAH, register 01H = 02H, and register 02H = 17H, C = "0":
RLC
00H
→
Register 00H = 54H, C = "1"
RLC
@01H
→
Register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 2EH, C = "0"
In the first example, if general register 00H has the value 0AAH (10101010B), the statement
"RLC 00H" rotates 0AAH one bit position to the left. The initial value of bit 7 sets the carry flag
and the initial value of the C flag replaces bit zero of register 00H, leaving the value 55H
(01010101B). The MSB of register 00H resets the carry flag to "1" and sets the overflow flag.
6-72
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
RR — Rotate Right
RR
dst
Operation:
C ← dst (0)
dst (7) ← dst (0)
dst (n) ← dst (n + 1), n = 0–6
The contents of the destination operand are rotated right one bit position. The initial value of bit
zero (LSB) is moved to bit 7 (MSB) and also replaces the carry flag (C).
7
0
C
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Set if the bit rotated from the least significant bit position (bit zero) was "1".
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred, that is, if the sign of the destination changed during
rotation; cleared otherwise.
D: Unaffected.
H: Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
E0
R
4
E1
IR
Given: Register 00H = 31H, register 01H = 02H, and register 02H = 17H:
RR
00H
→
Register 00H = 98H, C = "1"
RR
@01H
→
Register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 8BH, C = "1"
In the first example, if general register 00H contains the value 31H (00110001B), the statement
"RR 00H" rotates this value one bit position to the right. The initial value of bit zero is moved to
bit 7, leaving the new value 98H (10011000B) in the destination register. The initial bit zero also
resets the C flag to "1" and the sign flag and overflow flag are also set to "1".
6-73
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
RRC — Rotate Right Through Carry
RRC
dst
Operation:
dst (7) ← C
C ← dst (0)
dst (n) ← dst (n + 1), n = 0–6
The contents of the destination operand and the carry flag are rotated right one bit position. The
initial value of bit zero (LSB) replaces the carry flag; the initial value of the carry flag replaces bit 7
(MSB).
7
0
C
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Set if the bit rotated from the least significant bit position (bit zero) was "1".
Set if the result is "0" cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred, that is, if the sign of the destination changed during
rotation; cleared otherwise.
D: Unaffected.
H: Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
C0
R
4
C1
IR
Given: Register 00H = 55H, register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 17H, and C = "0":
RRC
00H
→
Register 00H = 2AH, C = "1"
RRC
@01H
→
Register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 0BH, C = "1"
In the first example, if general register 00H contains the value 55H (01010101B), the statement
"RRC 00H" rotates this value one bit position to the right. The initial value of bit zero ("1")
replaces the carry flag and the initial value of the C flag ("1") replaces bit 7. This leaves the new
value 2AH (00101010B) in destination register 00H. The sign flag and overflow flag are both
cleared to "0".
6-74
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
SB0 — Select Bank 0
SB0
Operation:
BANK ← 0
The SB0 instruction clears the bank address flag in the FLAGS register (FLAGS.0) to logic zero,
selecting bank 0 register addressing in the set 1 area of the register file.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
4F
The statement
SB0
clears FLAGS.0 to "0", selecting bank 0 register addressing.
6-75
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
SB1 — Select Bank 1
SB1
Operation:
BANK ← 1
The SB1 instruction sets the bank address flag in the FLAGS register (FLAGS.0) to logic one,
selecting bank 1 register addressing in the set 1 area of the register file. (Bank 1 is not
implemented in some KS88-series microcontrollers.)
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
5F
The statement
SB1
sets FLAGS.0 to "1", selecting bank 1 register addressing, if implemented.
6-76
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
SBC — Subtract With Carry
SBC
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst – src – c
The source operand, along with the current value of the carry flag, is subtracted from the
destination operand and the result is stored in the destination. The contents of the source are
unaffected. Subtraction is performed by adding the two's-complement of the source operand to
the destination operand. In multiple precision arithmetic, this instruction permits the carry
("borrow") from the subtraction of the low-order operands to be subtracted from the subtraction of
high-order operands.
Flags:
Set if a borrow occurred (src > dst); cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred, that is, if the operands were of opposite sign and the sign
of the result is the same as the sign of the source; cleared otherwise.
D: Always set to "1".
H: Cleared if there is a carry from the most significant bit of the low-order four bits of the result;
set otherwise, indicating a "borrow".
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Format:
opc
opc
opc
Examples:
dst | src
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
32
r
r
6
33
r
lr
6
34
R
R
6
35
R
IR
6
36
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R1 = 10H, R2 = 03H, C = "1", register 01H = 20H, register 02H = 03H, and register
03H = 0AH:
SBC
R1,R2
→
R1 = 0CH, R2 = 03H
SBC
R1,@R2
→
R1 = 05H, R2 = 03H, register 03H = 0AH
SBC
01H,02H
→
Register 01H = 1CH, register 02H = 03H
SBC
01H,@02H
→
Register 01H = 15H,register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0AH
SBC
01H,#8AH
→
Register 01H = 95H; C, S, and V = "1"
In the first example, if working register R1 contains the value 10H and register R2 the value 03H,
the statement "SBC R1,R2" subtracts the source value (03H) and the C flag value ("1") from the
destination (10H) and then stores the result (0CH) in register R1.
6-77
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
SCF — Set Carry Flag
SCF
Operation:
C ← 1
The carry flag (C) is set to logic one, regardless of its previous value.
Flags:
C: Set to "1".
No other flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
The statement
SCF
sets the carry flag to logic one.
6-78
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
DF
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
SRA — Shift Right Arithmetic
SRA
dst
Operation:
dst (7) ← dst (7)
C ← dst (0)
dst (n) ← dst (n + 1), n = 0–6
An arithmetic shift-right of one bit position is performed on the destination operand. Bit zero (the
LSB) replaces the carry flag. The value of bit 7 (the sign bit) is unchanged and is shifted into bit
position 6.
7
6
0
C
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Set if the bit shifted from the LSB position (bit zero) was "1".
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Always cleared to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
dst
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
2
4
D0
R
4
D1
IR
Given: Register 00H = 9AH, register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0BCH, and C = "1":
SRA
00H
→
Register 00H = 0CD, C = "0"
SRA
@02H
→
Register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0DEH, C = "0"
In the first example, if general register 00H contains the value 9AH (10011010B), the statement
"SRA 00H" shifts the bit values in register 00H right one bit position. Bit zero ("0") clears the C
flag and bit 7 ("1") is then shifted into the bit 6 position (bit 7 remains unchanged). This leaves the
value 0CDH (11001101B) in destination register 00H.
6-79
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
SRP/SRP0/SRP1 — Set Register Pointer
SRP
src
SRP0
src
SRP1
src
Operation:
If src (1) = 1 and src (0) = 0 then:
RP0 (3–7)
←
src (3–7)
If src (1) = 0 and src (0) = 1 then:
RP1 (3–7)
←
src (3–7)
If src (1) = 0 and src (0) = 0 then:
RP0 (4–7)
←
src (4–7),
RP0 (3)
←
0
RP1 (4–7)
←
src (4–7),
RP1 (3)
←
1
The source data bits one and zero (LSB) determine whether to write one or both of the register
pointers, RP0 and RP1. Bits 3–7 of the selected register pointer are written unless both register
pointers are selected. RP0.3 is then cleared to logic zero and RP1.3 is set to logic one.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Examples:
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
src
2
4
31
IM
The statement
SRP #40H
sets register pointer 0 (RP0) at location 0D6H to 40H and register pointer 1 (RP1) at location
0D7H to 48H.
The statement "SRP0 #50H" sets RP0 to 50H, and the statement "SRP1 #68H" sets RP1 to
68H.
6-80
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
STOP — Stop Operation
STOP
Operation:
The STOP instruction stops the both the CPU clock and system clock and causes the
microcontroller to enter Stop mode. During Stop mode, the contents of on-chip CPU registers,
peripheral registers, and I/O port control and data registers are retained. Stop mode can be
released by an external reset operation or by external interrupts. For the reset operation, the
RESET pin must be held to Low level until the required oscillation stabilization interval has
elapsed.
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
opc
Example:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4
7F
Addr Mode
src
dst
–
–
The statement
STOP
halts all microcontroller operations.
6-81
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
SUB — Subtract
SUB
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst – src
The source operand is subtracted from the destination operand and the result is stored in the
destination. The contents of the source are unaffected. Subtraction is performed by adding the
two's complement of the source operand to the destination operand.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
Set if a "borrow" occurred; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result is negative; cleared otherwise.
Set if arithmetic overflow occurred, that is, if the operands were of opposite signs and the
sign of the result is of the same as the sign of the source operand; cleared otherwise.
D: Always set to "1".
H: Cleared if there is a carry from the most significant bit of the low-order four bits of the result;
set otherwise indicating a "borrow".
Format:
opc
opc
opc
Examples:
dst | src
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
22
r
r
6
23
r
lr
6
24
R
R
6
25
R
IR
6
26
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R1 = 12H, R2 = 03H, register 01H = 21H, register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 0AH:
SUB
R1,R2
→
R1 = 0FH, R2 = 03H
SUB
R1,@R2
→
R1 = 08H, R2 = 03H
SUB
01H,02H
→
Register 01H = 1EH, register 02H = 03H
SUB
01H,@02H
→
Register 01H = 17H, register 02H = 03H
SUB
01H,#90H
→
Register 01H = 91H; C, S, and V = "1"
SUB
01H,#65H
→
Register 01H = 0BCH; C and S = "1", V = "0"
In the first example, if working register R1 contains the value 12H and if register R2 contains the
value 03H, the statement "SUB R1,R2" subtracts the source value (03H) from the destination
value (12H) and stores the result (0FH) in destination register R1.
6-82
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
SWAP — Swap Nibbles
SWAP
dst
Operation:
dst (0 – 3) ↔ dst (4 – 7)
The contents of the lower four bits and upper four bits of the destination operand are swapped.
7
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
4 3
0
Undefined.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Undefined.
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
Bytes
opc
Examples:
dst
2
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
Addr Mode
dst
4
F0
R
4
F1
IR
Given: Register 00H = 3EH, register 02H = 03H, and register 03H = 0A4H:
SWAP
00H
→
Register 00H = 0E3H
SWAP
@02H
→
Register 02H = 03H, register 03H = 4AH
In the first example, if general register 00H contains the value 3EH (00111110B), the statement
"SWAP 00H" swaps the lower and upper four bits (nibbles) in the 00H register, leaving the value
0E3H (11100011B).
6-83
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
TCM — Test Complement Under Mask
TCM
dst,src
Operation:
(NOT dst) AND src
This instruction tests selected bits in the destination operand for a logic one value. The bits to be
tested are specified by setting a "1" bit in the corresponding position of the source operand
(mask). The TCM statement complements the destination operand, which is then ANDed with the
source mask. The zero (Z) flag can then be checked to determine the result. The destination and
source operands are unaffected.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Always cleared to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
opc
opc
Examples:
dst | src
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
62
r
r
6
63
r
lr
6
64
R
R
6
65
R
IR
6
66
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, R2 = 12H, register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H, and
register 02H = 23H:
TCM
R0,R1
→
R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, Z = "1"
TCM
R0,@R1
→
R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, register 02H = 23H, Z = "0"
TCM
00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H, Z = "1"
TCM
00H,@01H
→
Register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H,
register 02H = 23H, Z = "1"
TCM
00H,#34
→
Register 00H = 2BH, Z = "0"
In the first example, if working register R0 contains the value 0C7H (11000111B) and register R1
the value 02H (00000010B), the statement "TCM R0,R1" tests bit one in the destination register
for a "1" value. Because the mask value corresponds to the test bit, the Z flag is set to logic one
and can be tested to determine the result of the TCM operation.
6-84
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
TM — Test Under Mask
TM
dst,src
Operation:
dst AND src
This instruction tests selected bits in the destination operand for a logic zero value. The bits to be
tested are specified by setting a "1" bit in the corresponding position of the source operand
(mask), which is ANDed with the destination operand. The zero (Z) flag can then be checked to
determine the result. The destination and source operands are unaffected.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Always reset to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
opc
opc
Examples:
dst | src
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
72
r
r
6
73
r
lr
6
74
R
R
6
75
R
IR
6
76
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, R2 = 18H, register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H, and
register 02H = 23H:
TM
R0,R1
→
R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, Z = "0"
TM
R0,@R1
→
R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, register 02H = 23H, Z = "0"
TM
00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H, Z = "0"
TM
00H,@01H
→
Register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H,
register 02H = 23H, Z = "0"
TM
00H,#54H
→
Register 00H = 2BH, Z = "1"
In the first example, if working register R0 contains the value 0C7H (11000111B) and register R1
the value 02H (00000010B), the statement "TM R0,R1" tests bit one in the destination register
for a "0" value. Because the mask value does not match the test bit, the Z flag is cleared to logic
zero and can be tested to determine the result of the TM operation.
6-85
INSTRUCTION SET
S3F80J9
WFI — Wait For Interrupt
WFI
Operation:
The CPU is effectively halted until an interrupt occurs, except that DMA transfers can still take
place during this wait state. The WFI status can be released by an internal interrupt, including a
fast interrupt .
Flags:
No flags are affected.
Format:
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
1
4n
3F
opc
( n = 1, 2, 3, … )
Example:
The following sample program structure shows the sequence of operations that follow a "WFI"
statement:
Main program
.
.
.
EI
WFI
(Next instruction)
(Enable global interrupt)
(Wait for interrupt)
.
.
.
Interrupt occurs
Interrupt service routine
.
.
.
Clear interrupt flag
IRET
Service routine completed
6-86
S3F80J9
INSTRUCTION SET
XOR — Logical Exclusive OR
XOR
dst,src
Operation:
dst ← dst XOR src
The source operand is logically exclusive-ORed with the destination operand and the result is
stored in the destination. The exclusive-OR operation results in a "1" bit being stored whenever
the corresponding bits in the operands are different; otherwise, a "0" bit is stored.
Flags:
C:
Z:
S:
V:
D:
H:
Unaffected.
Set if the result is "0"; cleared otherwise.
Set if the result bit 7 is set; cleared otherwise.
Always reset to "0".
Unaffected.
Unaffected.
Format:
opc
opc
opc
Examples:
dst | src
src
dst
dst
src
Bytes
Cycles
Opcode
(Hex)
2
4
B2
r
r
6
B3
r
lr
6
B4
R
R
6
B5
R
IR
6
B6
R
IM
3
3
Addr Mode
src
dst
Given: R0 = 0C7H, R1 = 02H, R2 = 18H, register 00H = 2BH, register 01H = 02H, and
register 02H = 23H:
XOR
R0,R1
→
R0 = 0C5H, R1 = 02H
XOR
R0,@R1
→
R0 = 0E4H, R1 = 02H, register 02H = 23H
XOR
00H,01H
→
Register 00H = 29H, register 01H = 02H
XOR
00H,@01H
→
Register 00H = 08H, register 01H = 02H, register 02H = 23H
XOR
00H,#54H
→
Register 00H = 7FH
In the first example, if working register R0 contains the value 0C7H and if register R1 contains
the value 02H, the statement "XOR R0,R1" logically exclusive-ORs the R1 value with the R0
value and stores the result (0C5H) in the destination register R0.
6-87
S3F80J9
7
CLOCK CIRCUITS
CLOCK CIRCUITS
OVERVIEW
The clock frequency for the S3F80J9 can be generated by an external crystal or supplied by an external clock
source. The clock frequency for the S3F80J9 can range from 1MHz to 8 MHz. The maximum CPU clock
frequency, as determined by CLKCON register, is 8 MHz. The XIN and XOUT pins connect the external oscillator
or clock source to the on-chip clock circuit.
SYSTEM CLOCK CIRCUIT
The system clock circuit has the following components:
— External crystal or ceramic resonator oscillation source (or an external clock)
— Oscillator stop and wake-up functions
— Programmable frequency divider for the CPU clock (fOSC divided by 1, 2, 8, or 16)
— Clock circuit control register, CLKCON
C1
XIN
C2
XOUT
External
Clock
XIN
Open Pin
Figure 7-1. Main Oscillator Circuit
(External Crystal or Ceramic Resonator)
XOUT
Figure 7-2. External Clock Circuit
7-1
CLOCK CIRCUITS
S3F80J9
CLOCK STATUS DURING POWER-DOWN MODES
The two power-down modes, Stop mode and Idle mode, affect the system clock as follows:
— In Stop mode, the main oscillator is halted. When stop mode is released, the oscillator starts by a reset
operation or by an external interrupt. To enter the stop mode, STOPCON (STOP Control Register) has to be
loaded with value, #0A5H before STOP instruction execution. After recovering from the stop mode by a reset
or an external interrupt, STOPCON register is automatically cleared.
— In Idle mode, the internal clock signal is gated away from the CPU, but continues to be supplied to the
interrupt structure, timer 0, timer 1, counter A and so on. Idle mode is released by a reset or by an interrupt
(external or internally generated).
STOPCON
STOP
Instruction
CLKCON.3, .4
Oscillator
Stop
Main
OSC
1/2
1/8
Oscillator
Wake-up
M
U
X
CPU CLOCK
1/16
Noise
Filter
INT Pin (note)
NOTES:
1.
An external interrupt with an RC-delay noise filter (for the S3F80J9/S3F80J5
INT0-9) is fixed to release stop mode and "wake up" the main oscillator.
2.
Because the S3F80J9/S3F80J5 has no subsystem clock, the 3-bit CLKCON
signature code (CLKCON.2-CLKCON.0) is no meaning.
Figure 7-3. System Clock Circuit Diagram
7-2
S3F80J9
CLOCK CIRCUITS
SYSTEM CLOCK CONTROL REGISTER (CLKCON)
The system clock control register, CLKCON, is located in address D4H, Set1, Bank0. It is read/write addressable
and has the following functions:
— Oscillator frequency divide-by value
The CLKCON.7 - .5 and CLKCON.2- .0 Bit are not used in S3F80J9. After a reset, the main oscillator is activated,
and the fOSC/16 (the slowest clock speed) is selected as the CPU clock. If necessary, you can then increase the
CPU clock speed to fOSC, fOSC/2, fOSC/8 or fOSC/16.
System Clock Control Register (CLKCON)
D4H, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Not used
Not used
Divide-by selection bits for
CPU clock frequency
00 = fosc/16
01 = fosc/8
10 = fosc/2
11 = fosc (non-divided)
Figure 7-4. System Clock Control Register (CLKCON)
7-3
S3F80J9
RESET
8
RESET
OVERVIEW
Resetting the MCU is the function to start processing by generating reset signal using several reset schemes.
During reset, most control and status are forced to initial values and the program counter is loaded from the reset
vector. In case of S3F80J9, reset vector can be changed by smart option. (Refer to the page 2-4 or Table 13-3).
RESET SOURCES
The S3F80J9 has six-different system reset sources as following
-
The External Reset Pin (nRESET): When the nRESET pin transiting from VIL (low input level of reset
pin) to VIH (high input level of reset pin), the reset pulse is generated on the condition of “VDD ≥ VLVD” in
any operation mode.
-
Watch Dog Timer (WTD): When watchdog timer enables in normal operating, a reset is generated
whenever the basic timer overflow occurs.
-
Low Voltage Detect (LVD): When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘1’, and
VDD is changed in condition for LVD operation regardless of operation mode, reset occurs. Although
IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @03FH) is set to ‘0’, if the operation mode is not in STOP
mode, reset signal is generated by LVD.
-
Internal Power-ON Reset (IPOR): When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit[7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘0’,
and VDD is changed in condition for IPOR operation in STOP Mode, a reset is generated.
-
External Interrupt (INT0–INT9): When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘0’
and chip is in stop mode, if external interrupt is enabled, external interrupts by P0 and P2 generate the
reset signal.
-
STOP Error Detection & Recovery (SED&R): When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @
03FH) is set to ‘0’ and chip is in stop or abnormal state, the falling edge input of P0 or P2.4–P2.7
generates the reset signal regardless of external interrupt enable/disable.
8-1
RESET
S3F80J9
STOP
IPOR / LVD Contorl Bit '1'
(smart option bit[7] @03FH)
LVD
IPOR / LVD Contorl Bit '1'
(smart option bit[7] @03FH)
STOP
IPOR
Watchdog Timer
nRESET
1
2
3
4
5
6
RESET
P0&P2
(INT0-INT9)
(EI)external interrupt enable
(smart option bit[7] @03FH)
IPOR / LVD Contorl Bit '1'
STOP
P0 & P2.4-2.7
(smart option bit[7] @03FH)
IPOR / LVD Contorl Bit '1'
STOP
Figure 8-1. RESET Sources of The S3F80J9
— When IPOR/LVD Control Bit of smart option is set to ‘1’, the rising edge detection of LVD circuit while
rising of VDD passes the level of VLVD.
— When IPOR/LVD Control Bit of smart option is set to ‘0’ and mode is in STOP Mode, reset is generated by
internal power-on reset.
— Basic Timer over-flow for watchdog timer. See the chapter 11. Basic Timer and Timer 0 for more
understanding.
— The reset pulse generation by transiting of reset pin (nRESET) from low level to high level on the
condition that VDD is higher level state than VLVD (Low level Detect Voltage).
— When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘0’ and chip is in stop mode, external
interrupt input by P0 and P2 regardless of external interrupt enable/disable generates the reset signal.
8-2
S3F80J9
RESET
Enable/
Disable
IPOR / LVD Control Bit '1'
smart option bit[7] @03FH
Falling Edge
Detector
LVD
Back-up Mode
Rising Edge
Detector
Disable
/Enable
STOP
STOPCON
IPOR
BT
(WDT)
fosc
Noise
Filter
nRESET
Reset Pulse
Generator
RESET
IPOR / LVD Control Bit '1'
smart option bit[7] @03FH
STOP
STOPCON
P0& P2
P0&P2
(INT0~INT9)
External Interrupt
Control Block
Enabled
INT0~INT9
Noise
Filter
P0& P2.4-P2.7
SED&R
Circuit
Falling Edgd
STOPCON
STOP
IPOR / LVD Control Bit '1'
smart option bit[7] @03FH
Figure 8-2. RESET Block Diagram of The S3F80J9
RESET MECHANISM
The interlocking work of reset pin and LVD circuit supplies two operating modes: back-up mode input, and system
reset input. Back-up mode input automatically creates a chip stop state when the reset pin is set to low level or
the voltage at VDD is lower than VLVD. When the reset pin is at a high state and the LVD circuit detects rising edge
of VDD on the point VLVD, the reset pulse generator makes a reset pulse, and system reset occurs. When the
operating mode is in STOP mode and IPOR / LVD control bit of smart option is ‘0’, the LVD circuit is disabled to
reduce the current consumption under 6uA instead of 20uA (at VDD = 3.6 V). Therefore, although the voltage at
VDD is lower than VLVD, the chip doesn’t go into back-up mode when the operating state is in stop mode and reset
pin is High level (Vreset > VIH).
EXTERNAL RESET PIN
When the nRESET pin transiting from VIL (low input level of reset pin) to VIH (high input level of reset pin), the
reset pulse is generated on the condition of “VDD ≥ VLVD“.
8-3
RESET
S3F80J9
WATCH DOG TIMER RESET
The watchdog timer that can recover to normal operation from abnormal function is built in S3F80J9. Watchdog
timer generates a system reset signal, if Basic Timer Counter (BTCNT) isn’t cleared within a specific time by
program. For more understanding of the watchdog timer function, please see the chapter 11, Basic Timer and
Timer0.
LVD RESET
The Low Voltage Detect Circuit (LVD) is built on the S3F80J9 product to generate a system reset when
IPOR/LVD Control Bit of smart option is set to ‘1’ regardless of operation mode. So if IPOR / LVD Control Bit of
smart option is set to ‘1’ and the operating status is stop mode, LVD can make a system reset. When the voltage
at VDD is falling down and passing VLVD, the chip go into back-up mode at the moment “VDD = VLVD”. And the
voltage at VDD is rising up, the reset pulse is occurred at the moment “VDD ≥ VLVD “.
IPOR / LVD Control Bit:
smart option bit[7] @03FH (note 1)
LVD
(note3)
RESET
(note4)
IPOR
STOPCON (note 2)
STOP Instruction
Figure 8-3. Reset Block Diagram by LVD for The S3F80J9 in Stop Mode
NOTES
1. IPOR / LVD Control Bit is one of smart option bits assigned address 03FH. User can enable / disable
LVD in the stop mode by manipulating this bit. When the value is ‘1’, LVD always operate in the
normal and stop mode. When the value is ‘0’, LVD is disabled in the stop mode. But, LVD is enabled
in the normal operating mode.
2. CPU can enter stop mode by setting STOPCON (Stop Control Register) into 0A5H before execution
STOP instruction.
3. This signal is output of IPOR/LVD Control Bit setting. So that is one of two cases; one is LVD enable
in STOP mode, the other is LVD disable in STOP mode.
4. This signal is output relating to STOP mode. If STOPCON has 0A5H, and STOP instruction is
executed, that output signal makes S3F80J9 enter STOP mode. So that is one of two statuses; one is
STOP mode, the other is not STOP mode.
5. In S3F80J9, one between LVD and IPOR is selected as reset source by IPOR / LVD Control Bit
setting value of smart option in the stop mode. If the setting value is ‘0’, LVD can be disabled by
STOP instruction. Instead of LVD, IPOR is enabled. If the setting value is ‘1’, LVD is enabled
regardless of executing STOP instruction and IPOR is disabled.
8-4
S3F80J9
RESET
INTERNAL POWER-ON RESET
The power-on reset circuit is built on the S3F80J9 product. During a power-on reset, the voltage at VDD goes to
high level and the schmitt-trigger input of POR circuit is forced to low level and then to high level. The power-on
reset circuit makes a reset signal whenever the power supply voltage is powering-up and the schmitt- trigger input
senses the low level. This on-chip POR circuit consists of an internal resistor, an internal capacitor, and a schmitttrigger input transistor. IPOR can be enabled by setting IPOR / LVD control bit of smart option to ‘0’.
VDD
System Reset
C
Schmitt Trigger Inverter
VSS
R: 3000kΩ On-Chip Internal Resistor
C: 340pF On-Chip Internal Capacitor
Figure 8-4. Internal Power-On Reset Circuit
8-5
RESET
S3F80J9
Voltage [V]
TVDD = 1ms
(VDD Rising Time)
VDD
VDD
Va
VIH = 0.85 VDD
VIL = 0.4 VDD
Reset Pulse Width
Reset pulse
Time
Figure 8-5. Timing Diagram for Internal Power-On Reset Circuit
NOTE
The system reset operation depends on the interlocking work of the reset pin, LVD circuit and Internal
POR. The LVD circuit can be disabled and enabled in the stop mode by smart option. If 3FH.7 is ‘1’, LVD
circuit is always enabled. In this case the system reset by LVD circuit occurs in stop mode. But, if 3FH.7 is
‘0’, the system reset by LVD circuit doesn’t occur in stop mode. Refer to page 2-3 relating to the smart
option. The rising time of VDD must be less than 1ms. If not, IPOR can’t detect power on reset.
8-6
S3F80J9
RESET
If "Vreset > VIH", the operating status is in STOP mode and IPOR / LVD control bit of smart
option is '0', LVD circuit is disabled in the S3F80J9/S3F80J5.
VDD
a
0.85VDD
VLVD
b
Va
b
0.4VDD
Reset Pulse Width
NOTE:
Va is a schmitt trigger input signal of internal power-on reset (IPOR).
a. System reset is not occurred.
b. System reset is occurred by internal POR circuit.
Figure 8-6. Reset Timing Diagram for The S3F80J9 in STOP Mode by IPOR
EXTERNAL INTERRUPT RESET
When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘0’and chip is in stop mode, if external interrupt
is occurred by among the enabled external interrupt sources, from INT0 to INT9, reset signal is generated.
8-7
RESET
S3F80J9
STOP ERROR DETECTION & RECOVERY
When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘0’and chip is in stop or abnormal state, the
falling edge input of P0 and P2.4-P2.7 generates the reset signal.
Refer to following table and figure for more information.
Table 8-1. Reset Condition in STOP Mode When IPOR / LVD Control Bit is “1” (always LVD-On)
Condition
Slope of VDD
Rising up from
VDD < VLVD
Standstill
(VDD ≥ VLVD)
VDD
The Voltage Level Of Reset Pin
(Vreset)
Reset
System Reset
Source
VDD ≥ VLVD
Vreset ≥ VIH
LVD circuit
VDD ≥ VLVD
Vreset < VIH
–
No system reset
VDD < VLVD
Transition from
“Vreset < VIL” to “VIH < Vreset”
–
No system reset
VDD ≥ VLVD
Transition from
“Vreset < VIL” to “VIH < Vreset”
Reset pin
System reset occurs
System reset occurs
Table 8-2. Reset Condition in STOP Mode When IPOR / LVD Control Bit is “0”
Condition
Slope of VDD
Rising up from
0.4 VDD < VDD <
VLVD
Rising up from
VDD < 0.4VDD
Standstill
(VDD ≥ VLVD)
VDD
The Voltage Level Of Reset Pin
(Vreset)
Reset
Source
VDD ≥ VLVD
Vreset ≥ VIH
–
No system reset
VDD > VLVD
Vreset < VIH
–
No system reset
VDD < VLVD
Transition from
“Vreset < VIL” to “VIH < Vreset”
–
No system reset
VDD ≥ VLVD
Vreset ≥ VIH
Internal POR
VDD > VLVD
Vreset < VIH
–
No system reset
VDD < VLVD
Transition from
“Vreset < VIL” to “VIH < Vreset”
–
No system reset
VDD ≥ VLVD
Transition from
“Vreset < VIL” to “VIH < Vreset”
Reset pin
NOTE: IPOR / LVD control bit is included in smart option at address 003FH. (3FH.7)
8-8
System Reset
System reset occurs
System reset occurs
S3F80J9
RESET
POWER-DOWN MODES
The power down mode of S3F80J9 are described following that:
— Mode
— Back- up mode
— Stop mode
IDLE MODE
Idle mode is invoked by the instruction IDLE (op-code 6FH). In Idle mode, CPU operations are halted while some
peripherals remain active. During Idle mode, the internal clock signal is gated away from the CPU and from all but
the following peripherals, which remain active:
— Interrupt logic
— Basic Timer
— Timer 0
— Timer 1
— Counter A
I/O port pins retain the state (input or output) they had at the time Idle mode was entered.
IDLE Mode Release
You can release Idle mode in one of two ways:
1. Execute a reset. All system and peripheral control registers are reset to their default values and the contents
of all data registers are retained. The reset automatically selects the slowest clock (1/16) because of the
hardware reset value for the CLKCON register. If all interrupts are masked in the IMR register, a reset is the
only way you can release Idle mode.
2. Activate any enabled interrupt; internal or external. When you use an interrupt to release Idle mode, the 2-bit
CLKCON.4/CLKCON.3 value remains unchanged, and the currently selected clock value is used. The
interrupt is then serviced. When the return-from-interrupt condition (IRET) occurs, the instruction immediately
following the one which initiated Idle mode is executed.
NOTE
Only external interrupts built in to the pin circuit can be used to release stop mode. To release Idle mode,
you can use either an external interrupt or an internally-generated interrupt.
8-9
RESET
S3F80J9
BACK-UP MODE
For reducing current consumption, S3F80J9 goes into Back-up mode. If external reset pin is low state or a falling
level of VDD is detected by LVD circuit on the point of VLVD, chip goes into the back-up mode. Because CPU and
peripheral operation were stopped due to oscillation stop, the supply current is reduced. In back-up mode, chip
cannot be released from stop state by any interrupt. The only way to release back-up mode is the system-reset
operation by interactive work of reset pin and LVD circuit. The system reset of watchdog timer is not occurred in
back up mode.
Rising Edge
Detector
LVD
Falling Edge
Detector
VDD<=VLVD
Noise
Filter
nRESET
Back-Up Mode
Vreset<=VIL
Figure 8-7. Block Diagram for Back-up Mode
Voltage [V]
Slope of nRESET & VDD Pin
VDD
Rising edge detected
(VDD >= VLVD)
VLVD
Low level
detect voltage
Reset Pulse generated,
oscillation starts
Falling edge detected,
oscillation stop.
(VDD < VLVD)
Normal Operation
Back up Mode
Normal Operation
NOTES:
1, When the rising edge is detected by LVD circuit, Back-up mode is relesased. (VLVD = VDD)
2. When the falling edge is detected by LVD circuit, Back-up mode is activated (VLVD > VDD)
Figure 8-8. Timing Diagram for Back-up Mode Input and Released by LVD
8-10
S3F80J9
RESET
STOP MODE
STOP mode is invoked by executing the instruction ‘STOP’, after setting the stop control register (STOPCON). In
STOP mode, the operation of the CPU and all peripherals is halted. That is, the on-chip main oscillator stops and
the current consumption can be reduced. All system functions stop when the clock "freezes," but data stored in
the internal register file is retained. STOP mode can be released in one of two ways: by a system reset or by an
external interrupt. After releasing from STOP mode, the value of stop control register (STOPCON) is cleared
automatically.
) PROGRAMMING TIP – To Enter STOP Mode
This example shows how to enter the stop mode.
ORG
0000H
Reset address
•
•
•
JP
T, START
ENTER_STOP:
LD
STOPCON, #0A5H
STOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
RET
START:
ORG
JP
0100H-3
T, START
ORG
LD
0100H
BTCON, #03
; Reset address
; Clear basic timer counter.
•
•
•
MAIN:
NOP
•
•
•
CALL
ENTER_STOP ; Enter the STOP mode
•
•
•
LD
JP
BTCON,#02H
T,MAIN
; Clear basic timer counter.
•
•
•
8-11
RESET
S3F80J9
SOURCES TO RELEASE STOP MODE
Stop mode is released when following sources go active:
— System Reset by external reset pin (nRESET)
— System Reset by Internal Power-On Reset (IPOR)
— Low Voltage Detector (LVD)
— External Interrupt(INT0-INT9)
— SED & R circuit
Using nRESET Pin to Release STOP Mode
Stop mode is released when the system reset signal goes active by nRESET Pin: all system and peripheral
control registers are reset to their default hardware values and the contents of all data registers are retained.
When the oscillation stabilization interval has elapsed, the CPU starts the system initialization routine by fetching
the program instruction stored in reset address.
Using IPOR to Release STOP Mode
Stop mode is released when the system reset signal goes active by internal power-on reset (IPOR). IPOR is
enabled when IPOR/LVD Control Bit is set to ‘0’, and chip status is in stop mode by executing ‘STOP’ instruction. :
All system and peripheral control registers are reset to their default hardware values and contents of all data
registers are unknown states. When the oscillation stabilization interval has elapsed, the CPU starts the system
initialization routine by fetching the program instruction stored in reset address.
Using LVD to Release STOP Mode
When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘1’, and VDD is changed in condition for LVD
operation in stop mode, stop mode is released and reset occurs.
Using an External Interrupt to Release STOP Mode
External interrupts can be used to release stop mode. When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH)
is set to ‘0’ and external interrupt is enabled, S3F80J9 is released stop mode and generated reset signal. On the
other hand, when IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘1’, S3F80J9 is only released stop
mode and isn’t generated reset signal. To wake-up from stop mode by external interrupt from INT0 to INT9,
external interrupt should be enabled by setting corresponding control registers or instructions.
Please note the following conditions for Stop mode release:
— If you release Stop mode using an external interrupt, the current values in system and peripheral control
registers are unchanged.
— If you use an external interrupt for Stop mode release, you can also program the duration of the oscillation
stabilization interval. To do this, you must make the appropriate control and clock settings before entering
Stop mode.
— If you use an interrupt to release Stop mode, the bit-pair setting for CLKCON.4/CLKCON.3 remains
unchanged and the currently selected clock value is used.
8-12
S3F80J9
RESET
SED&R (Stop Error Detect and Recovery)
The Stop Error Detect & Recovery circuit is used to release stop mode and prevent abnormal – stop mode that
can be occurred by battery bouncing. It executes two functions in related to the internal logic of P0 and P2.4–
P2.7. One is releasing from stop status by switching the level of input port (P0 or P2.4–P2.7) and the other is
keeping the chip from the stop mode when the chip is in abnormal status.
— Releasing from stop mode
When IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘0’, if falling edge input signal enters in through
Port0 or P2.4–P2.7, S3F80J9 is released stop mode and generate reset signal. On the other hand, when
IPOR/LVD Control Bit (smart option bit [7] @ 03FH) is set to ‘1’, S3F80J9 is only released stop mode. Reset
doesn’t occur. When the falling edge of a pin on Port0 and P2.4-P2.7 is entered, the chip is released from stop
mode even though external interrupt is disabled.
— Keeping the chip from entering abnormal – stop mode
This circuit detects the abnormal status by checking the port (P0 and P2.4–P2.7) status. If the chip is in abnormal
status it keeps from entering stop mode.
NOTE
In case of P2.0–2.3, SED&R circuit isn’t implemented. So although 4pins, P2.0–2.3, have the falling edge input
signal in stop mode, if external interrupt is disabled, the stop state of S3F80J9 is unchanged. Do not use stop
mode if you are using an external clock source because Xin input must be cleared internally to VSS to reduce
current leakage.
SYSTEM RESET OPERATION
System reset starts the oscillation circuit, synchronize chip operation with CPU clock, and initialize the internal
CPU and peripheral modules. This procedure brings the S3F80J9 into a known operating status. To allow time for
internal CPU clock oscillation to stabilize, the reset pulse generator must be held to active level for a minimum
time interval after the power supply comes within tolerance. The minimum required reset operation for a oscillation
stabilization time is 16 oscillation clocks. All system and peripheral control registers are then reset to their default
hardware values (See Tables 8-3).
In summary, the following sequence of events occurs during a reset operation:
— All interrupts are disabled.
— The watch-dog function (Basic Timer) is enabled.
— Port 0,2 and 3 are set to input mode and all pull-up resistors are disabled for the I/O port pin circuits.
— Peripheral control and data register settings are disabled and reset to their default hardware values.
(See Table 8-3.)
— The program counter (PC) is loaded with the program reset address in the ROM, 0100H.
— When the programmed oscillation stabilization time interval has elapsed, the instruction stored in reset
address is fetched and executed.
NOTE
To program the duration of the oscillation stabilization interval, you make the appropriate settings to the
basic timer control register, BTCON, before entering Stop mode. Also, if you do not want to use the basic
timer watchdog function (which causes a system reset if a basic timer counter overflow occurs), you can
disable it by writing '1010B' to the upper nibble of BTCON. But we recommend you should use it to
prevent the chip malfunction.
8-13
RESET
S3F80J9
HARDWARE RESET VALUES
Tables 8-3 list the reset values for CPU and system registers, peripheral control registers, and peripheral data
registers following a reset operation. The following notation is used to represent reset values:
— A "1" or a "0" shows the reset bit value as logic one or logic zero, respectively.
— An 'x' means that the bit value is undefined after a reset.
— A dash ('–') means that the bit is either not used or not mapped (but a 0 is read from the bit position)
Table 8-3. Set 1, Bank 0 Register Values After Reset
Register Name
Mnemonic
Address
Bit Values After Reset
Dec
Hex
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Timer 0 Counter Register
T0CNT
208
D0H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Timer 0 Data Register
T0DATA
209
D1H
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Timer 0 Control Register
T0CON
210
D2H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Basic Timer Control Register
BTCON
211
D3H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Clock Control Register
CLKCON
212
D4H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
System Flags Register
FLAGS
213
D5H
x
x
x
x
x
x
0
0
Register Pointer 0
RP0
214
D6H
1
1
0
0
0
−
−
−
Register Pointer 1
RP1
215
D7H
1
1
0
0
1
−
−
−
Location D8H (SPH) is not mapped.
Stack Pointer (Low Byte)
SPL
217
D9H
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Instruction Pointer (High Byte)
IPH
218
DAH
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Instruction Pointer (Low Byte)
IPL
219
DBH
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Interrupt Request Register (Read-Only)
IRQ
220
DCH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Interrupt Mask Register
IMR
221
DDH
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
System Mode Register
SYM
222
DEH
0
–
–
x
x
x
0
0
Register Page Pointer
PP
223
DFH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 0 Data Register
P0
224
E0H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 1 Data Register
P1
225
E1H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 2 Data Register
P2
226
E2H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 3 Data Register
P3
227
E3H
0
–
0
0
1
1
0
0
Reserved
Port 2 Interrupt Enable Register
P2INT
229
E5H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 2 Interrupt Pending Register
P2PND
230
E6H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 0 Pull-up Enable Register
P0PUR
231
E7H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 0 Control Register (High Byte)
P0CONH
232
E8H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 0 Control Register (Low Byte)
P0CONL
233
E9H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8-14
S3F80J9
RESET
Table 8-3. Set 1, Bank 0 Register Values After Reset (Continued)
Register Name
Mnemonic
Address
Bit Values After Reset
Dec
Hex
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Port 1 Control Register (High Byte)
P1CONH
234
EAH
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Port 1 Control Register (Low Byte)
P1CONL
235
EBH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 2 Control Register (High Byte)
P2CONH
236
ECH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 2 Control Register (Low Byte)
P2CONL
237
EDH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 2 Pull-up Enable Register
P2PUR
238
EEH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 3 Control Register
P3CON
239
EFH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reserved
Port 0 Interrupt Enable Register
P0INT
241
F1H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Port 0 Interrupt Pending Register
P0PND
242
F2H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Counter A Control Register
CACON
243
F3H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Counter A Data Register (High Byte)
CADATAH
244
F4H
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Counter A Data Register (Low Byte)
CADATAL
245
F5H
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Timer 1 Counter Register (High Byte)
T1CNTH
246
F6H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Timer 1 Counter Register (Low Byte)
T1CNTL
247
F7H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Timer 1 Data Register (High Byte)
T1DATAH
248
F8H
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Timer 1 Data Register (Low Byte)
T1DATAL
249
F9H
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
T1CON
250
FAH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
STOPCON
251
FBH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Timer 1 Control Register
STOP Control Register
Locations FCH is not mapped. ( For factory test )
Basic Timer Counter
BTCNT
253
FDH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
External Memory Timing Register
EMT
254
FEH
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
–
Interrupt Priority Register
IPR
255
FFH
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
NOTES:
1. Although the SYM register is not used, SYM.5 should always be “0”. If you accidentally write a 1 to this bit during normal
operation, a system malfunction may occur.
2. Except for T0CNTH, T0CNTL, IRQ, T1CNTH, T1CNTL and BTCNT, which are read-only, all registers
in set 1 are read/write addressable.
3. You cannot use a read-only register as a destination field for the instructions OR, AND, LD, and LDB.
8-15
RESET
S3F80J9
Table 8-4. Set 1, Bank 1 Register Values After Reset
Register Name
LVD control register
Mnemonic
LVDCON
Address
Bit Values After Reset
Dec
Hex
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
224
E0H
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Flash memory sector address register
(High Byte)
FMSECH
236
ECH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Flash memory sector address register
(Low byte)
FMSECL
237
EDH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Flash memory user programming
enable register
FMUSR
238
EEH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Flash memory control register
FMCON
239
EFH
0
0
0
0
–
–
–
0
8-16
S3F80J9
RESET
Table 8-5. Reset Generation According to the Condition of Smart Option
Mode
Smart Option7th bit @3FH
Reset Source
1
Normal
Operating
STOP
Mode
0
Reset Pin
O Reset
O Reset
Watch Dog Timer Enable
O Reset
O Reset
IPOR
X Continue
X Continue
LVD
O Reset
O Reset
External Interrupt (EI) P0 and P2
X External ISR
X External ISR
External Interrupt (DI) P0 and P2
X Continue
X Continue
Reset Pin
O Reset
O Reset
Watch Dog Timer Enable
X STOP
X STOP
IPOR
X STOP
O STOP Release and Reset
LVD
O STOP Release and Reset
X STOP
External Interrupt (EI-Enable)
P0 and P2
X STOP Release and External ISR
O STOP Release and Reset
P0 & P2.4-2.7
X STOP Release and Continue
O STOP Release and Reset
P2.0-2.3
X STOP
X STOP
SED&R
NOTES:
1. ’X’ means that a corresponding reset source don’t generate reset signal. ‘O’ means that a corresponding reset source
generates reset signal.
2. ’Reset’ means that reset signal is generated and chip reset occurs,
3. ’Continue’ means that it executes the next instruction continuously without ISR execution.
4. ’External ISR’ means that chip executes the interrupt service routine of generated external interrupt source.
5. ’STOP ‘ means that the chip is in stop state.
6. ‘STOP Release and External ISR’ means that chip executes the external interrupt service routine of generated external
interrupt source after STOP released.
7. ‘STOP Release and Continue’ means that executes the next instruction continuously after STOP released.
8-17
RESET
S3F80J9
RECOMMENDATION FOR UNUSUED PINS
To reduce overall power consumption, please configure unused pins according to the guideline description Table
8-5.
Table 8-6. Guideline for Unused Pins to Reduced Power Consumption
Pin Name
Port 0
Port 1
Port 2
P3.0–3.1
TEST
8-18
Recommend
Example
← # 00H or 0FFH
← # 00H or 0FFH
• P0PUR ← # 0FFH
• Set
Input mode
Pull-up Resister
• No Connection for Pins
• P0CONH
• Enable
• P0CONL
• Set
Open-Drain Output mode
P1 Data Register to #00H.
• Disable Pull-up Resister
• No Connection for Pins
• P1CONH
• Set
• P1CONL
• Set
Push-pull Output mode
P2 Data Register to #00H.
• Disable Pull-up resister
• No Connection for Pins
• P2CONH
• Set
• P2CONL
• Set
• P3CON
• Set
• P3
Push-pull Output mode
P3 Data Register to #00H.
• No Connection for Pins
• Connect
to VSS.
• P1
← # 55H
← # 55H
← # 00H
← # 0AAH
← # 0AAH
• P2
← # 00H
• P2PUR ← # 00H
← # 11010010B
← # 00H
–
S3F80J9
RESET
SUMMARY TABLE OF BACK-UP MODE, STOP MODE, AND RESET STATUS
For more understanding, please see the below description Table 8-6.
Table 8-7. Summary of Each Mode
Item/Mode
Back-up
Reset Status
Stop
← # A5H STOP
(LD STOPCON,#0A5H)
(STOP)
Approach
Condition
• External
•
External nRESET pin is on
rising edge.
• The rising edge at VDD is
detected by LVD circuit.
(When VDD ≥ VLVD)
• Watch-dog timer overflow
signal is activated.
• STOPCON
Port status
• All
I/O port is floating status
port becomes input mode
but is blocked.
• Disable all pull-up resister
• All
• All
• All
•
Control
Register
• All
• All
Releasing
Condition
• External
nRESET pin is high
(rising edge).
• The rising edge of LVD
circuit is generated.
• After
Others
• There
• There
nRESET pin is low
level state or VDD is lower
than VLVD
control register and
system register are
initialized as list of Table 8-3.
is no current
consumption in chip.
I/O port is floating status
Disable all pull-up resister
port is keep the previous
status.
• Output port data is not
changed.
control register and system
register are initialized as list of
Table 8-3.
passing an oscillation
warm-up time
can be input leakage
current in chip.
–
• External
• SED&R
• It
interrupt, or reset
Circuit.
depends on control program
8-19
S3F80J9
9
I/O PORTS
I/O PORTS
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 micro-controller has two kinds of package and different I/O number relating to the package type:
28-SOP package has 22bit-programmable I/O ports, P0–P2 and P3. Two ports, P0 and P2, are 8-bit ports and P1
is a 4-bit port. P3 is a 2-bit port.
32-SOP package has 26bit-programmable I/O ports, P0–P3. Three ports, P0–P2, are 8-bit ports and P3 is a 2-bit
port. This gives a total of 26 I/O pins.
Each port is bit-programmable and can be flexibly configured to meet application design requirements. The CPU
accesses ports by directly writing or reading port registers. No special I/O instructions are required.
For IR applications, port0, port1, and port2 are usually configured to the keyboard matrix and port 3 is used to IR
drive pins.
Table 9-1 and 9-2 give you a general overview of S3F80J9 I/O port functions.
9-1
I/O PORTS
S3F80J9
Table 9-1. S3F80J9 Port Configuration Overview (28-SOP)
Port
Configuration Options
Port 0
8-bit general-purpose I/O port; Input or push-pull output; external interrupt input on falling edges,
rising edges, or both edges; all P0 pin circuits have noise filters and interrupt enable/disable
register (P0INT) and pending control register (P0PND); Pull-up resistors can be assigned to
individual P0 pins using P0PUR register settings. This port is dedicated for key input in IR
controller application.
P1.0–P1.3
General-purpose I/O port; Input without or with pull-up, open-drain output, or push-pull output.
This port is dedicated for key output in IR controller application. After reset, init status is C-MOS
input.
Port 2
8-bit general-purpose I/O port; Input or push-pull output. The P2 pins, P2.0–P2.7, can be used as
external interrupt inputs and have noise filters. The P2INT register is used to enable/disable
interrupts and P2PND bits can be polled by software for interrupt pending control. Pull-up resistors
can be assigned to individual P2 pins using P2PUR register settings.
P3.0–P3.1
P3.0 is configured input functions (Input mode, with or without pull-up, for normal input or T0CAP)
or output functions (push-pull or open-drain output mode, for normal output or T0PWM). P3.1 is
configured input functions (Input mode, with or without pull-up, for normal input) or output
functions (push-pull or open-drain output mode, for normal output or REM function). P3.1 is
dedicated for IR drive pin and P3.0 can be used for indicator LED drive.
P3.7
P3.7 is not configured for I/O pin and it only used to control carrier signal on/off.
9-2
S3F80J9
I/O PORTS
Table 9-2. S3F80J9 Port Configuration Overview (32-SOP)
Port
Configuration Options
Port 0
8-bit general-purpose I/O port; Input or push-pull output; external interrupt input on falling edges,
rising edges, or both edges; all P0 pin circuits have noise filters and interrupt enable/disable
register (P0INT) and pending control register(P0PND); Pull-up resistors can be assigned to
individual P0 pins using P0PUR register settings. This port is dedicated for key input in IR
controller application.
P1.0–P1.3
General-purpose I/O port; Input without or with pull-up, open-drain output, or push-pull output.
This port is dedicated for key output in IR controller application. After reset, init status is C-MOS
input.
P1.4–P1.7
I/O port with bit-programmable pins. Configurable to input mode or output mode. Pin circuits are
either push-pull or n-channel open-drain type. After reset, init status is C-MOS input with pull-up
mode.
Port 2
8-bit general-purpose I/O port; Input or push-pull output. The P2 pins, P2.0–P2.7, can be used as
external interrupt inputs and have noise filters. The P2INT register is used to enable/disable
interrupts and P2PND bits can be polled by software for interrupt pending control. Pull-up resistors
can be assigned to individual P2 pins using P2PUR register settings.
P3.0–P3.1
2-bit I/O port; P3.0 and P3.1 are configured input functions (Input mode, with or without pull-up, for
T0CK, T0CAP or T1CAP) or output functions (push-pull or open-drain output mode, or for REM
and T0PWM). P3.1 is dedicated for IR drive pin and P3.0 can be used for indicator LED drive.
P3.7
P3.7 is not configured for I/O pin and it only used to control carrier signal on/off.
9-3
I/O PORTS
S3F80J9
PORT DATA REGISTERS
Table 9-3 gives you an overview of the register locations of all four S3F80J9 I/O port data registers. Data registers
for ports 0,1,and 2 have the general format shown in Figure 9-1.
NOTE
The data register for port 3, P3, contains 2-bits for P3.0–P3.1, and an additional status bit (P3.7) for
carrier signal on/off.
Table 9-3. Port Data Register Summary
Register Name
Mnemonic
Decimal
Hex
Location
R/W
Port 0 data register
P0
224
E0H
Set 1, Bank 0
R/W
Port 1 data register
P1
225
E1H
Set 1, Bank 0
R/W
Port 2 data register
P2
226
E2H
Set 1, Bank 0
R/W
Port 3 data register
P3
227
E3H
Set 1, Bank 0
R/W
Because port 3 is a 2–bit I/O port, the port 3 data register only contains values for P3.0 – P3.1. The P3 register
also contains a special carrier on/off bit (P3.7). See the port3 description for details. All other I/O ports are 8–bit.
MSB
.7
Pn.7
NOTE:
.6
Pn.6
.5
Pn.5
.4
Pn.4
.3
Pn.3
.2
Pn.2
.1
Pn.1
.0
Pn.0
Because port 3 is a 2-bit I/O port, the port 3 data register only
contains values for P3.0-P3.1.
The P3 register also contains a special carrier on/off bit (P3.7).
See the port 3 description for details.
All other S3F80J9/S3F80J5 I/O ports are 3-bit.
Figure 9-1. S3F80J9 I/O Port Data Register Format
9-4
LSB
S3F80J9
I/O PORTS
PULL-UP RESISTOR ENABLE REGISTERS
You can assign pull-up resistors to the pin circuits of individual pins in port0 and port2. To do this, you make the
appropriate settings to the corresponding pull-up resistor enable registers; P0PUR and P2PUR. These registers
are located in set 1, bank 0 at locations E7H and EEH, respectively, and are read/write accessible using Register
addressing mode.
You can assign a pull-up resistor to the port 1 pins, using basic port configuration setting in the P1CONH and
P1CONL.
You can assign a pull-up resistor to the port 3 pins, P3.0 and P3.1 in the input mode using basic port configuration
setting in the P3CON register.
Pull-up Register Enable Registers (PnPUR, where n = 0/2)
Set 1, E7H/ EEH , Bank0 , R/W
MSB
.7
Pn.7
.6
Pn.6
.5
Pn.5
.4
Pn.4
.3
Pn.3
.2
Pn.2
.1
Pn.1
.0
LSB
Pn.0
Pull-up Resistor Enable Bit:
0 = Disable pull-up resistor
1 = Enable pull-up resistor
NOTES:
1. Pull-up resistors can be assigned to the port 3 pins, P3.0 and P3.1,
by making the appropriate setting the port 3 control register P3CON.
2. Pull-up resistors can be assigned to the P1pins, by making the
appropriate setting the port 1 control register P1CONL and P1CONH
respectively.
Figure 9-2. Pull-up Resistor Enable Registers (Port 0 and Port 2 only)
9-5
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
10
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 has two default timers: the 8-bit basic timer and the 8-bit general-purpose timer/counter.
The 8-bit timer/counter is called Timer 0.
BASIC TIMER (BT)
You can use the basic timer (BT) in two different ways:
— As a watch-dog timer to provide an automatic reset mechanism in the event of a system malfunction
— To signal the end of the required oscillation stabilization interval after a reset or a Stop mode release.
The functional components of the basic timer block are:
— Clock frequency divider (fOSC divided by 4096, 1024 or 128) with multiplexer
— 8-bit basic timer counter, BTCNT (FDH, Set 1, Bank0, Read-only)
— Basic timer control register, BTCON (D3H, Set 1, Bank0, R/W)
TIMER 0
Timer 0 has three operating modes, one of which you select using the appropriate T0CON setting:
— Interval timer mode
— Capture input mode with a rising or falling edge trigger at the P3.0 pin
— PWM mode
Timer 0 has the following functional components:
— Clock frequency divider (fOSC divided by 4096, 256 or 8) with multiplexer
— External clock input pin (T0CK)
— 8-bit timer 0 counter (T0CNT), 8-bit comparator, and 8-bit reference data register (T0DATA)
— I/O pins for capture input (T0CAP) or match output
— Timer 0 overflow interrupt (IRQ0, vector FAH) and match/capture interrupt (IRQ0, vector FCH) generation
— Timer 0 control register, T0CON (D2H, Set 1, Bank0, R/W)
NOTE
The CPU clock should be faster than basic timer clock and timer 0 clock.
10-1
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER CONTROL REGISTER (BTCON)
The basic timer control register, BTCON, is used to select the input clock frequency, to clear the basic timer
counter and frequency dividers, and to enable or disable the watch-dog timer function. It is located in Set 1 and
Bank0, address D3H, and is read/write addressable using register addressing mode.
A reset clears BTCON to '00H'. This enables the watch-dog function and selects a basic timer clock frequency of
fOSC/4096. To disable the watch-dog function, you must write the signature code '1010B' to the basic timer
register control bits BTCON.7–BTCON.4. For improved reliability, using the watch-dog timer function is
recommended in remote controllers and hand-held product applications.
Basic Timer Control Register (BTCON)
D3H, Set 1, Bank 0 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
Watch-dog Timer Enable Bits:
1010B = Disable watch-dog function
Others = Enable watch-dog function
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Divider Clear Bit for BT and T0:
0 = No effect
1 = Clear both dividers
Basic Timer Counter Clear Bits:
0 = No effect
1 = Clear BTCNT
Basic Timer Input Clock Selection Bits:
00 = fOSC/4096
01 = fOSC/1024
10 = fOSC/128
11 = Invalid selection
Figure 10-1. Basic Timer Control Register (BTCON)
10-2
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
BASIC TIMER FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Watch-dog Timer Function
You can program the basic timer overflow signal (BTOVF) to generate a reset by setting BTCON.7–BTCON.4 to
any value other than '1010B'. (The '1010B' value disables the watch-dog function.) A reset clears BTCON to '00H',
automatically enabling the watch-dog timer function. A reset also selects the CPU clock (as determined by the
current CLKCON register setting), divided by 4096, as the BT clock.
A reset is generated whenever the basic timer overflow occurs. During normal operation, the application program
must prevent the overflow, and the accompanying reset operation, from occurring. To do this, the BTCNT value
must be cleared (by writing a "1" to BTCON.1) at regular intervals.
If a system malfunction occurs due to circuit noise or some other error condition, the BT counter clear operation
will not be executed and a basic timer overflow will occur, initiating a reset. In other words, during normal
operation, the basic timer overflow loop (a bit 7 overflow of the 8-bit basic timer counter, BTCNT) is always broken
by a BTCNT clear instruction. If a malfunction does occur, a reset is triggered automatically.
Oscillation Stabilization Interval Timer Function
You can also use the basic timer to program a specific oscillation stabilization interval following a reset or when
Stop mode has been released by an external interrupt.
In Stop mode, whenever a reset or an external interrupt occurs, the oscillator starts. The BTCNT value then starts
increasing at the rate of fOSC/4096 (for reset), or at the rate of the preset clock source (for an external interrupt).
When BTCNT.3 overflows, a signal is generated to indicate that the stabilization interval has elapsed and to gate
the clock signal off to the CPU so that it can resume normal operation.
In summary, the following events occur when Stop mode is released:
— During Stop mode, a power-on reset or an external interrupt occurs to trigger the Stop mode release and
oscillation starts.
— If a power-on reset occurred, the basic timer counter will increase at the rate of fOSC/4096. If an external
interrupt is used to release Stop mode, the BTCNT value increases at the rate of the preset clock source.
— Clock oscillation stabilization interval begins and continues until bit 3 of the basic timer counter overflows.
— When a BTCNT.3 overflow occurs, normal CPU operation resumes.
10-3
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
S3F80J9
TIMER 0 CONTROL REGISTER (T0CON)
You use the timer 0 control register, T0CON, to
— Select the timer 0 operating mode (interval timer, capture mode, or PWM mode)
— Select the timer 0 input clock frequency
— Clear the timer 0 counter, T0CNT
— Enable the timer 0 overflow interrupt or timer 0 match/capture interrupt
— Clear timer0 match/capture interrupt pending conditions
T0CON is located in Set 1, Bank0, at address D2H, and is read/write addressable using register addressing
mode.
A reset clears T0CON to '00H'. This sets timer 0 to normal interval timer mode, selects an input clock frequency of
fOSC/4096, and disables all timer 0 interrupts. You can clear the timer 0 counter at any time during normal
operation by writing a "1" to T0CON.3.
The timer 0 overflow interrupt (T0OVF) is interrupt level IRQ0 and has the vector address FAH. When a timer0
overflow interrupt occurs and is serviced by the CPU, the pending condition is cleared automatically by hardware.
To enable the timer 0 mach/capture interrupt (IRQ0, vector FCH), you must write T0CON.1 to "1". To detect a
match/capture interrupt pending condition, the application program polls T0CON.0. When a “1” is detected, a
timer0 match or capture interrupt is pending. When the interrupt request has been serviced, the pending condition
must be cleared by software by writing a “0” to the timer0 interrupt pending bit, T0CON.0.
10-4
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
Timer 0 Control Register (T0CON)
D2H, Set 1, Bank0 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Timer 0 Interrupt Pending Bit:
0 = No interrupt pending
0 = Clear pending bit (when write)
1 = Interrupt is pending
Timer 0 Input Clock Selection Bits:
00 = fOSC /4096
01 = fOSC /256
10 = fOSC /8
11 = External clock (note)
Timer 0 Interrupt Match/capture Enable Bit:
0 = Disable interrupt
1 = Enable interrupt
Timer 0 Overflow Interrupt Enable Bit:
0 = Disable overflow interrupt
1 = Enable overflow interrupt
Timer 0 Counter Clear Bit:
0 = No effect
1 = Clear the timer 0 counter (when write)
Timer 0 Operating Mode Selection Bits:
00 = Interval mode
01 = Capture mode (capture on rising edge, counter running, OVF can occur)
10 = Capture mode (capture on falling edge, counter running, OVF can occur)
11 = PWM mode (OVF interrupt can occur)
NOTE:
The external clock source input port of timer 0 is P3.1/T0CK.
Figure 10-2. Timer 0 Control Register (T0CON)
Timer 0 Data Register (T0DATA)
D1H, Set1, Bank 0 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: FFH
Figure 10-3. Timer 0 DATA Register (T0DATA)
10-5
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
S3F80J9
TIMER 0 FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Timer 0 Interrupts (IRQ0, Vectors FAH and FCH)
The timer 0 module can generate two interrupts: the timer 0 overflow interrupt (T0OVF), and the timer 0 match/
capture interrupt (T0INT). T0OVF is interrupt with level IRQ0 and vector FAH. T0INT also belongs to interrupt
level IRQ0, but is assigned the separate vector address, FCH.
A timer 0 overflow interrupt (T0OVF) pending condition is automatically cleared by hardware when it has been
serviced. The T0INT pending condition must, however, be cleared by the application’s interrupt service routine by
writing a “1” to the T0CON.0 interrupt pending bit.
Interval Timer Mode
In interval timer mode, a match signal is generated when the counter value is identical to the value written to the
T0 reference data register, T0DATA. The match signal generates a timer 0 match interrupt (T0INT, vector FCH)
and clears the counter.
If, for example, you write the value ‘10H’ to T0DATA, ‘0BH’ to T0CON, the counter will increment until it reaches
‘10H’. At this point, the T0 interrupt request is generated. And after the counter value is reset, counting resumes.
With each match, the level of the signal at the timer 0 output pin is inverted (See Figure 10-4).
IRQ0(T0INT)
Pending (T0CON.0)
Interrupt
Enable/Disable
(T0CON.1)
CLK
8-Bit Counter
(T0CNT)
8-Bit Comparator
Buffer Register
T0CON.3
R (Clear)
Match
CTL
P3.0/T0CAP
T0CON.5
T0CON.4
Match Signal
T0CON.3
Timer0 Data Register
(T0DATA)
Figure 10-4. Simplified Timer 0 Function Diagram: Interval Timer Mode
10-6
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
Pulse Width Modulation Mode
Pulse width modulation (PWM) mode lets you program the width (duration) of the pulse that is output at the
T0PWM pin. As in interval timer mode, a match signal is generated when the counter value is identical to the
value written to the timer 0 data register. In PWM mode, however, the match signal does not clear the counter.
Instead, it runs continuously, overflowing at ‘FFH’, and then continues incrementing from ‘00H’.
Although you can use the match signal to generate a timer 0 overflow interrupt, interrupts are not typically used in
PWM-type applications. Instead, the pulse at the T0PWM pin is held to low level as long as the reference data
value is less than or equal to ( ≤ ) the counter value and then the pulse is held to high level for as long as the data
value is greater than ( > ) the counter value. One pulse width is equal to tCLK × 256 (See Figure 10-5).
IRQ0
(T0INT)
(T0PNT.0) Pending
Interrupt Enable/Disable
Interrupt Enable/Disable
(T0CON.2)
(T0CON.1)
overflow
CLK
8-bit Counter
(T0CNT)
8-bit Comparator
IRQ0 (T0OVF)
Pending
clear
Match
(T0PNT.0)
CTL
P3.0/T0PWM
High level when data > counter
Low level when data < counter
Buffer Register
T0CON.5
T0CON.4
Match Signal
T0CON.3
T0OVF
Timer0 Data Register
(T0DATA)
Figure 10-5. Simplified Timer 0 Function Diagram: PWM Mode
10-7
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
S3F80J9
Capture Mode
In capture mode, a signal edge that is detected at the T0CAP pin opens a gate and loads the current counter
value into the T0 data register. You can select rising or falling edges to trigger this operation.
Timer 0 also gives you capture input source: the signal edge at the T0CAP pin. You select the capture input by
setting the value of the timer 0 capture input selection bit in the port 3 control register, P3CON.2, (set 1, bank 0,
EFH). When P3CON.2 is “1”, the T0CAP input is selected. When P3CON.2 is set to “0”, normal I/O port (P3.0) is
selected.
Both kinds of timer 0 interrupts can be used in capture mode: the timer 0 overflow interrupt is generated whenever
a counter overflow occurs; the timer 0 match/capture interrupt is generated whenever the counter value is loaded
into the T0 data register.
By reading the captured data value in T0DATA, and assuming a specific value for the timer 0 clock frequency, you
can calculate the pulse width (duration) of the signal that is being input at the T0CAP pin (See Figure 10-6).
Interrupt
Enable/Disable
(T0CON.2)
CLK
8-bit Counter
(T0CNT)
P3.0/T0CAP
T0CON.5
T0CON.4
Timer 0 Data Register
(T0DATA)
Pending
IRQ0 (T0OVF)
Pending
IRQ0 (T0INT)
Interrupt
Enable/Disable
(T0CON.1)
Figure 10-6. Simplified Timer 0 Function Diagram: Capture Mode
10-8
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
Bit 1
RESET or STOP
Bits 3, 2
Data Bus
Clear
Basic Timer Control Register
(Write '1010xxxxB' to disable.)
1/4096
XIN
DIV
1/1024
MUX
8-Bit Up Counter
(BTCNT, Read-Only)
1/128
When BTCNT.4 is set after releasing from
RESET or STOP mode, CPU clock starts.
R
Bit 0
RESET
OVF
Bits 7, 6
Bit 2
Data Bus
R
OVF
1/4096
IRQ0
(Timer 0 Overflow)
1/256
XIN
DIV
1/8
MUX
8-Bit Up-Counter
R
(T0CNT)
Bit 3
Clear
Bit 1
Match (2)
P3.1/T0CK
GND
8-Bit Compatator
Bit 0
P3.0/T0CAP
IRQ0
(Timer 0 Match)
T0PWM
Timer 0 Buffer
Register
Bits 5, 4
Bits 5, 4
Match Signal
T0CON.3
T0OVF
Timer 0 Data Register
(T0DATA)
Basic Timer Control Register
Data Bus
Timer 0 Control Register
NOTES:
1. During a power-on reset operation, the CPU is idle during the required oscillation
stabilization interval (until bit 4 of the basic timer counter overflows).
2. It is available only in using internal mode.
Figure 10-7. Basic Timer and Timer 0 Block Diagram
10-9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
S3F80J9
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Configuring the Basic Timer
This example shows how to configure the basic timer to sample specifications:
RESET
ORG
0100H
DI
LD
LD
CLR
CLR
; Disable all interrupts
BTCON,#0AAH ; Disable the watchdog timer
CLKCON,#18H ; Non-divided clock
SYM
; Disable global and fast interrupts
SPL
; Stack pointer low byte → "0"
; Stack area starts at 0FFH
•
•
•
SRP
EI
#0C0H
; Set register pointer → 0C0H
; Enable interrupts
BTCON,#52H
; Enable the watchdog timer
; Basic timer clock: fOSC/4096
; Clear basic timer counter
•
•
•
MAIN
LD
NOP
NOP
•
•
•
JP
•
•
•
10-10
T,MAIN
S3F80J9
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Programming Timer 0
This sample program sets timer 0 to interval timer mode, sets the frequency of the oscillator clock, and
determines the execution sequence which follows a timer 0 interrupt. The program parameters are as follows:
— Timer 0 is used in interval mode; the timer interval is set to 4 milliseconds
— Oscillation frequency is 6 MHz
— General register 60H (page 0) → 60H + 61H + 62H + 63H + 64H (page 0) is executed after a timer 0 interrupt
VECTOR 00FAH,T0OVER ; Timer 0 overflow interrupt
VECTOR 00FCH ,T0INT ; Timer 0 match/capture interrupt
RESET:
ORG
DI
LD
LD
CLR
CLR
0100H
BTCON,#0AAH
CLKCON,#18H
SYM
SPL
; Disable all interrupts
; Disable the watchdog timer
; Select non-divided clock
; Disable global and fast interrupts
; Stack pointer low byte → "0"
; Stack area starts at 0FFH
•
•
•
LD
T0CON,#4BH
; Write ‘00100101B’
; Input clock is fOSC/256
; Interval timer mode
; Enable the timer 0 interrupt
; Disable the timer 0 overflow interrupt
; Set timer interval to 4 milliseconds
; (6 MHz/256) ÷ (93 + 1) = 0.25 kHz (4 ms)
LD
T0DATA,#5DH
SRP
EI
#0C0H
; Set register pointer → 0C0H
; Enable interrupts
RP0
#60H
R0
R2,R0
R3,R2
R4,R0
; Save RP0 to stack
; RP0 ← 60H
; R0 ← R0 + 1
; R2 ← R2 + R0
; R3 ← R3 + R2 + Carry
; R4 ← R4 + R0 + Carry
•
•
T0INT:
•
PUSH
SRP0
INC
ADD
ADC
ADC
(Continued on next page)
10-11
BASIC TIMER and TIMER 0
S3F80J9
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Programming Timer 0 (Continued)
CP
JR
BITS
NO_200MS_SET:
LD
POP
T0OVER
10-12
IRET
R0,#32H
; 50 × 4 = 200 ms
ULT,NO_200MS_SET
R1.2
; Bit setting (61.2H)
T0CON,#42H
RP0
; Clear pending bit
; Restore register pointer 0 value
; Return from interrupt service routine
S3F80J9
11
TIMER 1
TIMER 1
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 microcontroller has a 16-bit timer/counter called Timer 1 (T1). For universal remote controller
applications, Timer 1 can be used to generate the envelope pattern for the remote controller signal. Timer 1 has
the following components:
— One control register, T1CON (FAH, Set 1, Bank0, R/W)
— Two 8-bit counter registers, T1CNTH and T1CNTL (F6H and F7H, Set 1, Bank0, Read-only)
— Two 8-bit reference data registers, T1DATAH and T1DATAL (F8H and F9H, Set 1, Bank0, R/W)
— One 16-bit comparator
You can select one of the following clock sources as the Timer 1 clock:
— Oscillator frequency (fOSC) divided by 4, 8, or 16
— Internal clock input from the counter A module (counter A flip/flop output)
You can use Timer 1 in three ways:
— As a normal free run counter, generating a Timer 1 overflow interrupt (IRQ1, vector F4H) at programmed time
intervals.
— To generate a Timer 1 match interrupt (IRQ1, vector F6H) when the 16-bit Timer 1 count value matches the
16-bit value written to the reference data registers.
— To generate a Timer 1 capture interrupt (IRQ1, vector F6H) when a triggering condition exists at the P3.2 pin
for 42/44 package; at the P3.0 for 32 package (You can select a rising edge, a falling edge, or both edges as
the trigger).
In the S3F80J9 interrupt structure, the Timer 1 overflow interrupt has higher priority than the Timer 1 match or
capture interrupt.
NOTE
The CPU clock should be faster than timer1 clock.
11-1
TIMER 1
S3F80J9
TIMER 1 OVERFLOW INTERRUPT
Timer 1 can be programmed to generate an overflow interrupt (IRQ1, F4H) whenever an overflow occurs in the
16-bit up counter. When you set the Timer 1 overflow interrupt enable bit, T1CON.2, to “1”, the overflow interrupt
is generated each time the 16-bit up counter reaches ‘FFFFH’. After the interrupt request is generated, the
counter value is automatically cleared to ‘00H’ and up counting resumes. By writing a “1” to T1CON.3, you can
clear/reset the 16-bit counter value at any time during program operation.
TIMER 1 CAPTURE INTERRUPT
Timer 1 can be used to generate a capture interrupt (IRQ1, vector F6H) whenever a triggering condition is
detected at the P3.0 pin for 32 pin package and P3.3 pin for 42/44 pin package. The T1CON.5 and T1CON.4 bitpair setting is used to select the trigger condition for capture mode operation: rising edges, falling edges, or both
signal edges.
In capture mode, program software can poll the Timer 1 match/capture interrupt pending bit, T1CON.0, to detect
when a Timer 1 capture interrupt pending condition exists (T1CON.0 = “1”). When the interrupt request is
acknowledged by the CPU and the service routine starts, the interrupt service routine for vector F6H must clear
the interrupt pending condition by writing a “0” to T1CON.0.
T1CON.2
CLK
16-Bit Up Counter
IRQ1 (T1OVF)
Pending
(T1CON.0)
P3.0
Interrupt
Enable/Disable
(T1CON.1)
T1CON.5
T1CON.4
Timer 1 Data
Figure 11-1. Simplified Timer 1 Function Diagram: Capture Mode
11-2
IRQ1 (T1INT)
S3F80J9
TIMER 1
TIMER 1 MATCH INTERRUPT
Timer 1 can also be used to generate a match interrupt (IRQ1, vector F6H) whenever the 16-bit counter value
matches the value that is written to the Timer 1 reference data registers, T1DATAH and T1DATAL. When a match
condition is detected by the 16-bit comparator, the match interrupt is generated, the counter value is cleared, and
up counting resumes from ‘00H’.
In match mode, program software can poll the Timer 1 match/capture interrupt pending bit, T1CON.0, to detect
when a Timer 1 match interrupt pending condition exists (T1CON.0 = “1”). When the interrupt request is
acknowledged by the CPU and the service routine starts, the interrupt service routine for vector F6H must clear
the interrupt pending condition by writing a “0” to T1CON.0.
IRQ1 (T1INT)
Pending
(T1CON.0)
Interrupt
Enable/Disable
(T1CON.1)
CLK
16-Bit Up Counter
16-Bit Comparator
Timer 1 High/Low
Buffer Register
R (Clear)
Match
CTL
P3.0
T1CON.5
T1CON.4
Match Signal
T1CON.3
Timer 1 Data High/Low
Buffer Register
Figure 11-2. Simplified Timer 1 Function Diagram: Interval Timer Mode
11-3
TIMER 1
S3F80J9
T1CON.2
T1CON. 7-.6
IRQ1
OVF
CAOF (T-F/F)
fOSC/4
fOSC/8
MUX
16-Bit Up-Counter
R
(Read-Only)
fOSC/16
Clear
T1CON.3
Match (note) T1CON.1
16-Bit Compatator
MUX
Timer 1 High/Low
Buffer Register
T1CON.5-.4
T1CON.3
Match Signal
T1OVF
Timer 1 Data
High/Low Register
Data Bus
NOTE:
Match signal is occurrd only in interval mode.
Figure 11-3. Timer 1 Block Diagram
11-4
T1CON.0
IRQ1
S3F80J9
TIMER 1
TIMER 1 CONTROL REGISTER (T1CON)
The Timer 1 control register, T1CON, is located in Set 1, FAH, Bank0 and is read/write addressable. T1CON
contains control settings for the following T1 functions:
— Timer 1 input clock selection
— Timer 1 operating mode selection
— Timer 1 16-bit down counter clear
— Timer 1 overflow interrupt enable/disable
— Timer 1 match or capture interrupt enable/disable
— Timer 1 interrupt pending control (read for status, write to clear)
A reset operation clears T1CON to ‘00H’, selecting fOSC divided by 4 as the T1 clock, configuring Timer 1 as a
normal interval Timer, and disabling the Timer 1 interrupts.
Timer 1 Control Register (T1CON)
FAH, Set 1, Bank 0 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
Timer 1 Input Clock Selection Bits:
00 = fOSC/4
01 = fOSC/8
10 = fOSC/16
11 = Internal clock (T-F/F)
Timer 1 Operating Mode Selection Bits:
00 = Interval mode
01 = Capture mode (capture on rising edge,
counter running, OVF can occur)
10 = Capture mode (capture on falling edge,
counter running, OVF can occur)
11 = Capture mode (capture on rising and
falling edge, counter running, OVF can occur)
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Timer 1 Interrupt Pending Bit:
0 = No interrupt pending
0 = Clear pending bit (when write)
1 = Interrupt is pending
Timer 1 Interrupt Match/capture Enable Bit:
0 = Disable interrupt
1 = Enable interrupt
Timer 1 Overflow Interrupt Enable Bit:
0 = Disable overflow interrupt
1 = Enable overflow interrupt
Timer 1 Counter Clear Bit:
0 = No effect
1 = Clear the timer 0 counter (when write)
Figure 11-4. Timer 1 Control Register (T1CON)
11-5
TIMER 1
S3F80J9
Timer1 Counter High-byte Register (T1CNTH)
F6H, Set 1, Bank 0, R
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: 00H
Timer 1 Counter Low-byte Register (T1CNTL)
F7H, Set 1, Bank 0, R
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: 00H
Timer 1 Data High-byte Register (T1DATAH)
F8H, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: FFH
Timer 1 Data Low-byte Register (T1DATAL)
F9H, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: FFH
Figure 11-5. Timer 1 Registers (T1CNTH, T1CNTL, T1DATAH, T1DATAL)
11-6
S3F80J9
12
COUNTER A
COUNTER A
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 microcontroller has one 8-bit counter called counter A. Counter A, which can be used to generate
the carrier frequency, has the following components (See Figure 12-1):
— Counter A control register, CACON
— 8-bit down counter with auto-reload function
— Two 8-bit reference data registers, CADATAH and CADATAL
Counter A has two functions:
— As a normal interval timer, generating a counter A interrupt (IRQ2, vector ECH) at programmed time intervals.
— To supply a clock source to the 16-bit timer/counter module, Timer 1, for generating the Timer 1 overflow
interrupt.
NOTE
The CPU clock should be faster than count A clock.
12-1
COUNTER A
S3F80J9
CACON.6-.7
DIV 1
DIV 2
MUX
CLK
16-Bit Down Counter
CACON.0
(CAOF)
MUX
CACON.3
DIV 4
To Other Block
(P3.1/REM)
DIV 8
Repeat
Control
Interrupt
Control
INT. GEN.
Counter A Data
Low Byte Register
CACON.2
fOSC
CACON.4-.5
Counter A Data
High Byte Register
Data Bus
NOTE:
The value of the CADATAL register is loaded into the 8-bit counter when the
operation of the counter A stars. If a borrow occurs, the value of the
CADATAH register is loaded into the 8-bit counter. However, if the next borrow
occurs, the value of the CADATAL register is loaded into the 8-bit counter.
Figure 12-1. Counter A Block Diagram
12-2
IRQ2
(CAINT)
S3F80J9
COUNTER A
COUNTER A CONTROL REGISTER (CACON)
The counter A control register, CACON, is located in F3H, Set 1, Bank 0, and is read/write addressable. CACON
contains control settings for the following functions (See Figure 12-2):
— Counter A clock source selection
— Counter A interrupt enable/disable
— Counter A interrupt pending control (read for status, write to clear)
— Counter A interrupt time selection
Counter A Control Register (CACON)
F3H, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Counter A Output Flip-Flop Control Bit(CAOF):
0 = T-F/F is low
1 = T-F/F is high
Counter A Input Clock Selection Bits:
00 = fOSC
01 = fOSC/2
10 = fOSC/4
11 = fOSC/8
Counter A Mode Selection Bit:
0 = One shot mode
1 = Repeating mode
Counter A Interrupt Time Selection Bits:
00 = Elapsed time for low data value
01 = Elapsed time for high data value
10 = Elapsed time for low and high data values
11 = Invalid setting
Counter A Start/Stop Bit:
0 = Stop counter A
1 = Start counter A
Counter A Interrupt Enable Bit:
0 = Disable interrupt
1 = Enable interrupt
Figure 12-2. Counter A Control Register (CACON)
Counter A Data High-Byte Register (CADATAH)
F4H, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: FFH
Counter A Data Low-Byte Register (CADATAL)
F5H, Set 1, Bank 0, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Reset Value: FFH
Figure 12-3. Counter A Registers
12-3
COUNTER A
S3F80J9
COUNTER A PULSE WIDTH CALCULATIONS
tLOW
tHIGH
tLOW
To generate the above repeated waveform consisted of low period time, tLOW, and high period time, tHIGH.
When CAOF = 0,
tLOW = (CADATAL + 2) × 1/Fx. 0H < CADATAL < 100H, where Fx = the selected clock.
tHIGH = (CADATAH + 2) × 1/Fx. 0H < CADATAH < 100H, where Fx = the selected clock.
When CAOF = 1,
tLOW = (CADATAH + 2) × 1/Fx. 0H < CADATAH < 100H, where Fx = the selected clock.
tHIGH = (CADATAL + 2) × 1/Fx. 0H < CADATAL < 100H, where Fx = the selected clock.
To make tLOW = 24 us and tHIGH = 15 us. FOSC = 4 MHz, FX = 4 MHz/4 = 1 MHz
[Method 1] When CAOF = 0,
tLOW = 24 us = (CADATAL + 2) / FX = (CADATAL + 2) x 1us, CADATAL = 22.
tHIGH = 15 us = (CADATAH + 2) / FX = (CADATAH + 2) x 1us, CADATAH = 13.
[Method 2] When CAOF = 1,
tHIGH = 15 us = (CADATAL + 2) / FX = (CADATAL + 2) x 1us, CADATAL = 13.
tLOW = 24 us = (CADATAH + 2) / FX = (CADATAH + 2) x 1us, CADATAH = 22.
12-4
S3F80J9
COUNTER A
0H
100H
200H
100H
200H
Counter A Clock
CAOF = '0'
CADATAL = 01-FFH
CADATAH = 00H
High
CAOF = '0'
CADATAL = 00H
CADATAH = 01-FFH
Low
CAOF = '0'
CADATAL = 00H
CADATAH = 00H
Low
CAOF = '1'
CADATAL = 00H
CADATAH = 00H
High
0H
Counter A Clock
CAOF = '1'
CADATAL = DEH
CADATAH = 1EH
CAOF = '0'
CADATAL = DEH
CADATAH = 1EH
CAOF = '1'
CADATAL = 7EH
CADATAH = 7EH
CAOF = '0'
CADATAL = 7EH
CADATAH = 7EH
E0H
20H
E0H
20H
80H
80H
80H
80H
Figure 12-4. Counter A Output Flip-Flop Waveforms in Repeat Mode
12-5
COUNTER A
S3F80J9
) PROGRAMMING TIP — To generate 38 kHz, 1/3duty signal through P3.1
This example sets Counter A to the repeat mode, sets the oscillation frequency as the Counter A clock source,
and CADATAH and CADATAL to make a 38 kHz, 1/3 Duty carrier frequency. The program parameters are:
8.795 us
17.59 us
37.9 kHz 1/3 duty
— Counter A is used in repeat mode
— Oscillation frequency is 4 MHz (0.25 µs)
— CADATAH = 8.795 µs / 0.25 µs = 35.18, CADATAL = 17.59 µs / 0.25 µs = 70.36
— Set P3.1 C-MOS push-pull output and CAOF mode.
START:
ORG
DI
•
0100H
; Reset address
LD
LD
CADATAL,#(70-2)
CADATAH,#(35-2)
LD
P3CON,#11110010B
LD
CACON,#00000110B
; Set 17.5 ms
; Set 8.75 ms
;
; Set P3 to C-MOS push-pull output.
; Set P3.1 to REM output
;
; Clock Source → Fosc
•
•
LD
•
•
•
12-6
P3,#80H
; Disable Counter A interrupt.
; Select repeat mode for Counter A.
; Start Counter A operation.
; Set Counter A Output Flip-flop(CAOF) high.
;
; Set P3.7(Carrier On/Off) to high.
; This command generates 38 kHz, 1/3duty pulse signal
; through P3.1
;
S3F80J9
COUNTER A
) PROGRAMMING TIP — To generate a one-pulse signal through P3.1
This example sets Counter A to the one shot mode, sets the oscillation frequency as the Counter A clock source,
and CADATAH and CADATAL to make a 40 µs width pulse. The program parameters are:
40 us
— Counter A is used in one-shot mode
— Oscillation frequency is 4 MHz ( 1 clock = 0.25 µs)
— CADATAH = 40 µs / 0.25 µs = 160, CADATAL = 1
— Set P3.1 C-MOS push-pull output and CAOF mode.
START:
ORG
DI
0100H
; Reset address
LD
LD
CADATAH,# (160-2)
CADATAL,# 1
LD
P3CON,#11110010B
LD
CACON,#00000001B
LD
P3,#80H
; Set 40 ms
; Set any value except 00H
;
; Set P3 to C-MOS push-pull output.
; Set P3.1 to REM output
;
; Clock Source → Fosc
; Disable Counter A interrupt.
; Select one shot mode for Counter A.
; Stop Counter A operation.
; Set Counter A Output Flip-Flop (CAOF) high
; Set P3.7(Carrier On/Off) to high.
•
•
•
•
•
Pulse_out:
LD
•
•
•
CACON,#00000101B
; Start Counter A operation
; to make the pulse at this point.
; After the instruction is executed, 0.75 ms is required
; before the falling edge of the pulse starts.
12-7
S3F80J9
13
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 has an on-chip flash memory internally instead of masked ROM. The flash memory is accessed by
‘LDC’ instruction. That is the type of sector erase and a byte programmable flash. User can program the data in a
flash memory area any time you want. The S3F80J9 ‘s embedded 32K-byte memory has two operating features
as below:
— User Program Mode
— Tool Program Mode
Flash ROM Configuration
The S3F80J9 flash memory consists of 256sectors. Each sector consists of 128bytes. So, the total size of flash
memory is 256x128bytes(32KB). User can erase the flash memory by a sector unit at a time and write the data
into the flash memory by a byte unit at a time.
•
32Kbyte Internal flash memory
•
Sector size: 128-Bytes
•
10years data retention
•
Fast programming Time:
– Sector Erase: 10ms (min)
– Byte Program: 32us (min)
•
Byte programmable
•
User programmable by ‘LDC’ instruction
•
Sector (128-Bytes) erase available
•
External serial programming support
•
Endurance: 10,000 Erase/Program cycles (min)
•
Expandable OBPTM (On Board Program)
13-1
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
User Program Mode
This mode supports sector erase, byte programming, byte read and one protection mode (Hard Lock Protection).
The S3F80J9 has the internal pumping circuit to generate high voltage. Therefore, 12.5V into VPP (TEST) pin is
not needed. To program a flash memory in this mode several control registers will be used.
There are four kind functions in user program mode – programming, reading, sector erase, and one protection
mode (Hard lock protection).
Tool Program Mode
This mode is for erasing and programming full area of flash memory by external programming tools. The 6 pins of
S3F80J9 are connected to a programming tool and then internal flash memory of S3F80J9 can be programmed
by Serial OTP/MTP Tools, SPW2 plus single programmer or GW-PRO2 gang programmer and so on. The other
modules except flash memory module are at a reset state. This mode doesn’t support the sector erase but chip
erase (all flash memory erased at a time) and two protection modes (Hard lock protection/ Read protection). The
read protection mode is available only in tool program mode. So in order to make a chip into read protection, you
need to select a read protection option when you write a program code to a chip in tool program mode by using a
programming tool. After read protect, all data of flash memory read “00”. This protection is released by chip erase
execution in the tool program mode.
Table 13-1. Descriptions of Pins Used to Read/Write the Flash in Tool Program Mode
Normal Chip
During Programming
Pin Name
Pin Name
Pin No. (28SOP)
I/O
P3.0
SDAT
30(26)
I/O
P3.1
SCLK
31(27)
I
Serial clock pin. Input only pin.
TEST
TEST
4(4)
I
Tool mode selection when TEST pin sets Logic
value ‘1’. If user uses the flash writer tool mode
(ex.spw2+ etc…), user should connect TEST pin
to VDD. (S3F80J9 supplies high voltage 12.5V by
internal high voltage generation circuit.)
nRESET
nRESET
7(7)
I
Chip Initialization
VDD, VSS
VDD, VSS
32(28) 1(1)
–
Power supply pin for logic circuit.
VDD should be tied to +3.3 V during programming.
NOTE: () means 28SOP package.
13-2
Function
Serial data pin. Output port when reading and
input port when writing. SDAT (P3.0) can be
assigned as an input or push-pull output port.
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
ISPTM (ON-BOARD PROGRAMMING) SECTOR
ISPTM sectors located in program memory area can store On Board Program Software (Boot program code for
upgrading application code by interfacing with I/O port pin). The ISPTM sectors can’t be erased or programmed by
LDC instruction for the safety of On Board Program Software.
The ISP sectors are available only when the ISP enable/disable bit is set 0, that is, enable ISP at the Smart
Option. If you don’t like to use ISP sector, this area can be used as a normal program memory (can be erased or
programmed by LDC instruction) by setting ISP disable bit (“1”) at the Smart Option. Even if ISP sector is
selected, ISP sector can be erased or programmed in the tool program mode by serial programming tools.
The size of ISP sector can be varied by settings of smart option (Refer to Figure 2-3 and Table 13-2). You can
choose appropriate ISP sector size according to the size of On Board Program Software.
(Decimal)
65,536
(HEX)
384(256+128)byte
Internal RAM
FFFFH
FE80H
7FFFH
32,768
Internal
S3F80J9(32K-bytes)
Program
Memory
(Flash)
Note 1
01FFH, 02FFH, 04FFH or 08FFH
ISP Sector
255
0FFH
Interrupt Vector Area
Smart Option Rom Cell
03FH
03CH
0
00H
Figure 13-1. S3F80J9 Program Memory Address Space
NOTE
S3F80J9 has 32-Kbyte Flash Memory ROM.
13-3
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
SMART OPTION
Smart option is the program memory option for starting condition of the chip. The program memory addresses
used by smart option are from 003CH to 003FH. The S3F80J9 only use 003EH and 003FH. User can write any
value in the not used addresses (003CH and 003DH). The default value of smart option bits in program memory
is 0FFH (IPOR disable, LVD enable in the stop mode, Normal reset vector, OBP sector disable). Before execution
the program memory code, user can set the smart option bits according to the hardware option for user to want to
select.
ROM Address: 003CH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
.1
.0
LSB
.1
.0
LSB
Not used
ROM Address: 003DH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Not used
ROM Address: 003EH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit:(Note1)
0 = OBP Reset vector address
1 = Normal vector (address 100H)
.4
.3
.2
ISP Protection Size
Selection Bits:(Note4)
00 = 256 bytes
01 = 512 bytes
10 = 1024 bytes
11 = 2048 bytes
Not used
ISP Reset Vector Address Selection Bits:(Note2)
00 = 200H (ISP Area size: 256 bytes)
01 = 300H (ISP Area size: 512 bytes)
10 = 500H (ISP Area size: 1024 bytes)
11 = 900H (ISP Area size: 2048 bytes)
ISP Protection Enable/Disable Bit:(Note3)
0 = Enable (Not erasable)
1 = Disable (Erasable)
ROM Address: 003FH
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
Reserved(Note7)
IPOR / LVD Control Bit:
0 = IPOR enable
LVD disable in the stop mode(Note5)
1 = IPOR disable
LVD enable in the stop mode (Note6)
Figure 13-2. Smart Option
13-4
.1
.0
Not used
LSB
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
NOTES
1. By setting ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit (3EH.7) to ‘0’, user can have the available ISP
area.
If ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit (3EH.7) is ‘1’, 3EH.6 and 3EH.5 are meaningless.
2. If ISP Reset Vector Change Selection Bit (3EH.7) is ‘0’, user must change ISP reset vector address
from 0100H to some address which user want to set reset address (0200H, 0300H, 0500H or
0900H).
If the reset vector address is 0200H, the ISP area assigns from 0100H to 01FFH (256bytes). If
0300H, the ISP area is from 0100H to 02FFH (512bytes). If 0500H, the ISP area is from 0100H to
04FFH (1024bytes). If 0900H, the ISP area is from 0100H to 08FFH (2048bytes).
3. If ISP Protection Enable/Disable Bit is ‘0’, user can’t erase or program the ISP area in flash memory.
4. User can select suitable ISP protection size by 3EH.1 and 3EH.0. If ISP Protection Enable/Disable Bit
(3EH.2) is ‘1’, 3EH.1 and 3EH.0 are meaningless.
Table 13-2. ISP Sector Size
Smart Option (003EH) ISP Size Selection Bit
Area of ISP Sector
ISP Sector Size
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
1
x
x
0
0
0
0
0
100H – 1FFH (256 Bytes)
256 Bytes
0
0
1
100H – 2FFH (512 Bytes)
512 Bytes
0
1
0
100H – 4FFH (1024 Bytes)
1024 Bytes
0
1
1
100H – 8FFH (2048 Bytes)
2048 Bytes
NOTE: The area of the ISP sector selected by smart option bit (3EH.2 – 3EH.0) can’t be erased and programmed by LDC
instruction in user program mode.
ISP RESET VECTOR AND ISP SECTOR SIZE
If you use ISP sectors by setting the ISP enable/disable bit to “0” and the reset vector selection bit to “0” at the
smart option, you can choose the reset vector address of CPU as shown in Table 15-2 by setting the ISP reset
vector address selection bits. (Refer to Figure 2-3 Smart Option).
Table 13-3. Reset Vector Address
Smart Option (003EH)
ISP Reset Vector Address Selection Bit
Reset Vector
Address After POR
Usable Area for
ISP Sector
ISP Sector Size
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
1
x
x
0100H
0
0
0
0
0
0200H
100H – 1FFH
256 Bytes
0
0
1
0300H
100H – 2FFH
512 Bytes
0
1
0
0500H
100H – 4FFH
1024 Bytes
0
1
1
0900H
100H – 8FFH
2048 Bytes
NOTE: The selection of the ISP reset vector address by Smart Option (003EH.7 – 003EH.5) is not dependent of the
selection of ISP sector size by Smart Option (003EH.2 – 003EH.0).
13-5
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
FLASH MEMORY CONTROL REGISTERS (USER PROGRAM MODE)
FLASH MEMORY CONTROL REGISTER (FMCON)
FMCON register is available only in user program mode to select the flash memory operation mode; sector erase,
byte programming, and to make the flash memory into a hard lock protection.
Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON)
EFH , Set1 , Bank1 , R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Flash (Erase or Hard Lock Protection)
Operation Start Bit
Flash Memory Mode Selection Bits
0101: Programming mode
1010: Erase mode
0110: Hard lock mode
others: Not used for S3F80J9/S3F80J5
0 = Operation stop
1 = Operation start
(This bit will be cleared automatically just
after erase operation.)
Not used for S3F80J9/S3F80J5
Figure 13-3. Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON)
The bit 0 of FMCON register (FMCON.0) is a bit for the operation start of Erase and Hard Lock Protection.
Therefore, operation of Erase and Hard Lock Protection is activated when you set FMCON.0 to “1”. If you write
FMCON.0 to 1 for erasing, CPU is stopped automatically for erasing time(min. 10ms). After erasing time, CPU is
restarted automatically. When you read or program a byte data from or into flash memory, this bit is not needed to
manipulate.
FLASH MEMORY USER PROGRAMMING ENABLE REGISTER (FMUSR)
The FMUSR register is used for a safe operation of the flash memory. This register will protect undesired erase or
program operation from malfunctioning of CPU caused by an electrical noise. After reset, the user-programming
mode is disabled, because the value of FMUSR is “00000000B” by reset operation. If necessary to operate the
flash memory, you can use the user programming mode by setting the value of FMUSR to “10100101B”. The
other value of “10100101b”, user program mode is disabled.
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR)
EEH, Set1, Bank 1, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Flash Memory User Programming Enable Bits
10100101: Enable user programming mode
Other values: Disable user programming mode
Figure 13-4. Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR)
13-6
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
FLASH MEMORY SECTOR ADDRESS REGISTERS
There are two sector address registers for the erase or programming flash memory. The FMSECL (Flash Memory
Sector Address Register Low Byte) indicates the low byte of sector address and FMSECH(Flash Memory
Address Sector Register High Byte) indicates the high byte of sector address.
One sector consists of 128-bytes. Each sector’s address starts XX00H or XX80H, that is, a base address of
sector is XX00H or XX80H. So bit .6-.0 of FMSECL don’t mean whether the value is ‘1’ or ‘0’. We recommend that
it is the simplest way to load the sector base address into FMSECH and FMSECL register. When programming
the flash memory, user should program after loading a sector base address which is located in the destination
address to write data into FMSECH and FMSECL register. If the next operation is also to write one byte data,
user should check whether next destination address is located in the same sector or not. In case of other sectors,
user should load sector address to FMSECH and FMSECL Register according to the sector. (Refer to page 13-17
PROGRAMMING TIP — Programming)
Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECH)
ECH, Set1, Bank 1, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Flash Memory Sector Address(High Byte)
NOTE:
The High- Byte flash memory sector address pointer value is the
higher eight bits of the 16-bit pointer address.
Figure 13-5. Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECH)
Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECL)
EDH, Set1, Bank 1, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Don't Care
Flash Memory Sector Address(Low Byte)
NOTE:
The Low- Byte flash memory sector address pointer value is the
lower eight bits of the 16-bit pointer address.
Figure 13-6. Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECL)
13-7
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
SECTOR ERASE
User can erase a flash memory partially by using sector erase function only in user program mode. The only unit
of flash memory to be erased in the user program mode is a sector.
The program memory of S3F80J9, 32K-bytes flash memory, is divided into 256sectors. Every sector has all 128byte sizes. So the sector to be located destination address should be erased first to program a new data (one
byte) into flash memory. Minimum 10ms’ delay time for the erase is required after setting sector address and
triggering erase start bit (FMCON.0). Sector erase is not supported in tool program modes (MDS mode tool or
programming tool).
Sector 255
(128 byte)
7FFFH
7F7FH
Sector 254
(128 byte)
7EFFH
3FFFH
Sector 127
(128 byte)
3F7FH
05FFH
Sector 11
(128 byte)
057FH
Sector 10
(128 byte)
0500H
Sector 0-9
(128 byte x 10)
04FFH
0000H
S3F80J9
Figure 13-7. Sector Configurations in User Program Mode
13-8
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
The Sector Erase Procedure in User Program Mode
1.
Set Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) to “10100101B”.
2.
Set Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECH and FMSECL).
3.
Set Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON) to “10100001B”.
4.
Set Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) to “00000000B”.
Start
SB1
FMUSR
FMSECH
FMSECL
#0A5H
; User Programimg Mode Enable
High Address of Sector
Low Address of Sector
; Set Secotr Base Address
#10100001B
; Mode Select & Start Erase
FMCON
FMUSR
; Select Bank1
#00H
SB0
; User Prgramming Mode Disable
; Select Bank0
Finish One Sector Erase
Figure 13-8. Sector Erase Flowchart in User Program Mode
13-9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Sector Erase
Case1. Erase one sector
•
•
ERASE_ONESECTOR:
SB1
LD
LD
LD
LD
ERASE_STOP:
LD
SB0
FMUSR,#0A5H
FMSECH,#40H
FMSECL,#00H
FMCON,#10100001B
; User program mode enable
; Set sector address 4000H,sector 128,
; among sector 0~511
; Select erase mode enable & Start sector erase
FMUSR,#00H
; User program mode disable
Case2.Erase flash memory space from Sector (n) to Sector (n + m)
•
•
;;Pre-define the number of sector to erase
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
ERASE_LOOP:
CALL
XOR
INCW
LD
LD
DECW
LD
OR
CP
JP
•
•
13-10
SecNumH,#00H
SecNumL,#128
R6,#01H
R7,#7DH
R2,SecNumH
R3,SecNumL
SECTOR_ERASE
P4,#11111111B
RR2
SecNumH,R2
SecNumL,R3
RR6
R8,R6
R8,R7
R8,#00H
NZ,ERASE_LOOP
; Set sector number
; Selection the sector128 ( base address 4000H )
; Set the sector range (m) to erase
; into High-byte(R6) and Low-byte(R7)
; Display ERASE_LOOP cycle
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
SECTOR_ERASE:
LD
R12,SecNumH
LD
R14,SecNumL
MULT RR12,#80H
; Calculation the base address of a target sector
MULT RR14,#80H
; The size of one sector is 128-bytes
ADD
R13,R14
; BTJRF FLAGS.7,NOCARRY
; INC
R12
NOCARRY:
LD
R10,R13
LD
R11,R15
ERASE_START:
SB1
LD
LD
LD
LD
ERASE_STOP:
LD
SB0
RET
FMUSR,#0A5H
FMSECH,R10
FMSECL,R11
FMCON,#10100001B
; User program mode enable
; Set sector address
FMUSR,#00H
; User program mode disable
; Select erase mode enable & Start sector erase
13-11
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
PROGRAMMING
A flash memory is programmed in one-byte unit after sector erase. The write operation of programming starts by
‘LDC’ instruction.
The program procedure in user program mode
1. Must erase target sectors before programming.
2. Set Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) to “10100101B”.
3. Set Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON) to “0101000XB”.
4. Set Flash Memory Sector Address Register (FMSECH and FMSECL) to the sector base address of
destination address to write data.
5. Load a transmission data into a working register.
6. Load a flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working register.
7. Load a flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working register.
8. Load transmission data to flash memory location area on ‘LDC’ instruction by indirectly addressing mode
9. Set Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) to “00000000B”.
NOTE
In programming mode, it doesn’t care whether FMCON.0’s value is “0” or “1”.
13-12
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
Start
SB1
; Select Bank1
FMSECH
FMSECL
High Address of Sector
Low Address of Sector
R(n)
R(n+1)
R(data)
High Address to Write
Low Address to Write
8-bit Data
FMUSR
FMCON
LDC
#0A5H
#01010001B
@RR(n),R(data)
FMUSR
#00H
SB0
; Set Secotr Base Address
; Set Address and Data
; User Program Mode Enable
; Mode Select & Start Programming
; Write data at flash
; User Program Mode Disable
; Select Bank0
Finish 1-BYTE Writing
Figure 13-9. Byte Program Flowchart in a User Program Mode
13-13
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
Start
SB1
FMSECH
FMSECL
; Select Bank1
High Address of Sector
Low Address of Sector
R(n)
R(n+1)
R(data)
High Address to Write
Low Address to Write
8-bit Data
FMUSR
#0A5H
FMCON
#01010001B
; Set Secotr Base Address
; Set Address and Data
; User Program Mode Enable
; Mode Select & Start Programming
; Write data at flash
LDC
@RR(n),R(data)
; User Program Mode Disable
YES
Write again?
NO
NO
FMUSR
Same Sector?
#00H
; User Program Mode Disable
;; Check Sector
YES
NO
SB0
; Select Bank0
Continuous address?
;; Check Address
Finish Writing
YES
INC
;; Increse Address
R(n+1)
Different Data?
YES
R(data)
New 8-bit Data
;; Update Data to Write
NO
Figure 13-10. Program Flow Chart in a User Program Mode
13-14
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Programming
Case1. 1-Byte Programming
•
•
WR_BYTE:
SB1
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
; Write data “AAH” to destination address 4010H
FMUSR,#0A5H
FMCON,#01010000B
FMSECH, #40H
FMSECL, #00H
R9,#0AAH
R10,#40H
; User program mode enable
; Selection programming mode and Start programming
; Set the base address of sector (4000H)
LD
R11,#10H
LDC
@RR10,R9
; Load data “AA” to write
; Load flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working
; register
; Load flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working
; register
; Write data 'AAH' at flash memory location (4010H)
LD
SB0
FMUSR,#00H
; User program mode disable
Case2. Programming in the same sector
•
•
WR_INSECTOR:
LD
R0,#40H
SB1
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
FMUSR,#0A5H
FMCON,#01010000B
FMSECH,#40H
FMSECL,#00H
R9,#33H
R10,#40H
LD
R11,#40H
WR_BYTE:
LDC
INC
DJNZ
LD
SB0
; RR10-->Address copy (R10 –high address,R11-low address)
; User program mode enable
; Selection programming mode and Start programming
; Set the base address of sector located in target address to write data
; The sector 128’s base address is 4000H.
; Load data “33H” to write
; Load flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working
; register
; Load flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working
; register
@RR10,R9
R11
R0,WR_BYTE
; Write data '33H' at flash memory location
; Reset address in the same sector by INC instruction
; Check whether the end address for programming reach 407FH or not.
FMUSR,#00H
; User Program mode disable
13-15
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
Case3. Programming to the flash memory space located in other sectors
•
•
WR_INSECTOR2:
LD
R0,#40H
LD
R1,#40H
SB1
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
LD
FMUSR,#0A5H
FMCON,#01010000B
FMSECH,#01H
FMSECL,#00H
R9,#0CCH
R10,#01H
LD
R11,#40H
CALL
WR_BYTE
LD
R0,#40H
WR_INSECTOR50:
LD
FMSECH,#19H
LD
FMSECL,#00H
LD
R9,# 55H
LD
R10,#19H
LD
R11,#40H
CALL
WR_BYTE
WR_INSECTOR128:
LD
FMSECH,#40H
LD
FMSECL,#00H
LD
R9,#0A3H
LD
R10,#40H
LD
WR_BYTE1:
LDC
INC
DJNZ
LD
SB0
R11,#40H
; User program mode enable
; Selection programming mode and Start programming
; Set the base address of sector located in target address to write data
; The sector 2’s base address is 100H
; Load data “CCH” to write
; Load flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working
; register
; Load flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working
; register
; Set the base address of sector located in target address to write data
; The sector 50’s base address is 1900H
; Load data “55H” to write
; Load flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working
; register
; Load flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working
; register
; Set the base address of sector located in target address to write data
; The sector 128’s base address is 4000H
; Load data “A3H” to write
; Load flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working
; register
; Load flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working
; register
@RR10,R9
R11
R1,WR_BYTE1
; Write data 'A3H' at flash memory location
FMUSR,#00H
; User Program mode disable
@RR10,R9
R11
R0,WR_BYTE
; Write data written by R9 at flash memory location
•
•
WR_BYTE:
LDC
INC
DJNZ
RET
13-16
S3F80J9
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
READING
The read operation starts by ‘LDC’ instruction.
The program procedure in user program mode
1. Load a flash memory upper address into upper register of pair working register.
2. Load a flash memory lower address into lower register of pair working register.
3. Load receive data from flash memory location area on ‘LDC’ instruction by indirectly addressing mode
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Reading
•
•
LOOP:
LD
R2,#03H
LD
R3,#00H
LDC
R0,@RR2
INC
CP
JP
R3
R3,#0FFH
NZ,LOOP
; Load flash memory’s upper address
; to upper register of pair working register
; Load flash memory’s lower address
; to lower register of pair working register
; Read data from flash memory location
; (Between 300H and 3FFH)
•
•
•
•
13-17
EMBEDDED FLASH MEMORY INTERFACE
S3F80J9
HARD LOCK PROTECTION
User can set Hard Lock Protection by writing ‘0110B’ in FMCON7-4. This function prevents the changes of data in
a flash memory area. If this function is enabled, the user cannot write or erase the data in a flash memory area.
This protection can be released by the chip erase execution in the tool program mode. In terms of user program
mode, the procedure of setting Hard Lock Protection is following that. In tool mode, the manufacturer of serial tool
writer could support Hardware Protection. Please refer to the manual of serial program writer tool provided by the
manufacturer.
The program procedure in user program mode
1.
Set Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) to “10100101B”.
2.
Set Flash Memory Control Register (FMCON) to “01100001B”.
3.
Set Flash Memory User Programming Enable Register (FMUSR) to “00000000B”.
) PROGRAMMING TIP — Hard Lock Protection
•
•
SB1
LD
LD
LD
SB0
•
•
13-18
FMUSR,#0A5H
FMCON,#01100001B
FMUSR,#00H
; User program mode enable
; Select Hard Lock Mode and Start protection
; User program mode disable
S3F80J9
14
LOW VOLTAGE DETECTOR
LOW VOLTAGE DETECTOR
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 micro-controller has a built-in Low Voltage Detector (LVD) circuit, which allows LVD and
LVD_FLAG detection of power voltage. The S3F80J9 has two options in LVD and LVD_FLAG voltage level
according to the operating frequency to be set by smart option (Refer to the page 2-4).
Operating Frequency 4MHz:
•
Low voltage detect level for Backup Mode and Reset (LVD): 1.9V (Typ) ± 200mV
•
Low voltage detect level for Flash Flag Bit (LVD_FLAG): 2.15V (Typ) ± 200mV
Operating Frequency 8MHz:
•
Low voltage detect level for Backup Mode and Reset (LVD): 2.15V (Typ) ± 200mV
•
Low voltage detect level for Flash Flag Bit (LVD_FLAG): 2.3V (Typ) ± 200mV
After power-on, LVD block is always enabled. LVD block is only disable when executed STOP instruction with a
smart option setting. The LVD block of S3F80J9 consists of two comparators and a resistor string. One of
comparators is for LVD detection, and the other is for LVD_FLAG detection.
LVD
LVD circuit supplies two operating modes by one comparator: back-up mode input and system reset input. The
S3F80J9 can enter the back-up mode and generate the reset signal by the LVD level (note1) detection using LVD
circuit. When LVD circuit detects the LVD level (note1) in falling power, S3F80J9 enters the Back-up mode. Backup mode input automatically creates a chip stop state. When LVD circuit detects the LVD level (note1) in rising
power, the system reset occurs. When the reset pin is at a high state and the LVD circuit detects rising edge of
VDD on the point VLVD, the reset pulse generator makes a reset pulse, and system reset occurs. This reset by
LVD circuit is one of the S3F80J9 reset sources. (Refer to the page 8-3 for more.)
LVD FLAG
The other comparator’s output makes LVD indicator flag bit ‘1’ or ‘0’. That is used to indicate low voltage level
(note2). When the power voltage is below the LVD_FLAG level, the bit 0 of LVDCON register is set ‘1’. When the
power voltage is above the LVD_FLAG level, the bit 0 of LVDCON register is set ‘0’ automatically. LVDCON.0
can be used flag bit to indicate low battery in IR application or others.
14-1
LOW VOLTAGE DETECTOR
S3F80J9
NOTES
1. When smart option bit is set “1”, operating frequency is selected 8MHz and LVD voltage level is 2.3V.
On the other hand, when smart option bit is set “0”, operating frequency is selected 4MHz and LVD
voltage level is 2.15V.
2. When smart option bit is set “1”, operating frequency is selected 8MHz and LVD_FLAG voltage level
is 2.15V. On the other hand, when smart option bit is set “0”, operating frequency is selected 4MHz
and LVD_FLAG voltage level is 1.9V.
3. A term of LVD is a symbol of parameter that means ‘Low Level Detect Voltage for Back-Up Mode’.
4. A term of LVD_FLAG is a symbol of parameter that means ‘Low Level Detect Voltage for Flag
Indicator’.
5. In case of 8MHz operating frequency, the voltage gap between LVD and LVD_FLAG is 150mV. In
case of 4MHz operating frequency, the voltage gap between LVD and LVD_ FLAG is 250mV.
Resistor String
IPOR/LVD Control Bit
(smart option[7]@03FH)
Comparator
LVD
(BackupMode
/Reset)
STOP
Bias
VDIV
VDIV_Flag
VIN
Comparator
VREF
Bias
BANDGAP
Figure 14-1. Low Voltage Detect (LVD) Block Diagram
14-2
LVDCON.0
(LVD Flag Bit)
S3F80J9
LOW VOLTAGE DETECTOR
LOW VOLTAGE DETECTOR CONTROL REGISTER (LVDCON)
LVDCON.0 is used flag bit to indicate low battery in IR application or others. When LVD circuit detects
LVD_FLAG, LVDCON.0 flag bit is set automatically. The reset value of LVDCON is #00H.
Low Voltage Detect Control Register (LVDCON)
E0H, Set1, Bank 1, R/W
MSB
.7
.6
.5
.4
.3
.2
.1
.0
LSB
Not used for S3F80J9/S3F80J5
LVD Indicator Flag Bit:
0 = VDD > LVD_Flag Voltage
1 = VDD < LVD_Flag Voltage
NOTE:
LVD_Flag Voltage is 2.3V at 8MHz and 2.15V at 4MHz.
Figure 14-2. Low Voltage Detect Control Register (LVDCON)
14-3
S3F80J9
15
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
ELECTRICAL DATA – 4MHz
OVERVIEW
In this section, S3F80J9 electrical characteristics are presented in tables and graphs. The information is arranged
in the following order:
— Absolute Maximum Ratings
— D.C. Electrical Characteristics
— Characteristics of Low Voltage Detect Circuit
— Data Retention Supply Voltage in Stop Mode
— Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by an External Interrupt
— Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a Reset
— Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a LVD
— Input/Output Capacitance
— A.C. Electrical Characteristics
— Input Timing for External Interrupts
— Input Timing for Reset
— Oscillation Characteristics
— Oscillation Stabilization Time
— Operating Voltage Range
— A.C. Electrical Characteristics for Internal Flash ROM
15-1
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
S3F80J9
Table 15-1. Absolute Maximum Ratings
(TA = 25 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Rating
Unit
Supply Voltage
VDD
–
– 0.3 to + 3.8
V
Input Voltage
VIN
–
– 0.3 to VDD + 0.3
V
Output Voltage
VO
All output pins
– 0.3 to VDD + 0.3
V
Output Current High
I OH
One I/O pin active
– 18
mA
All I/O pins active
– 60
Output Current Low
I OL
One I/O pin active
+ 30
All I/O pins active
+ 150
mA
Operating
Temperature
TA
–
– 25 to + 85
°C
Storage
Temperature
TSTG
–
– 65 to + 150
°C
Electrostatic
Discharge
VESD
HBM
2000
V
MM
200
Table 15-2. D.C. Electrical Characteristics
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 1.7 V to 3.6 V)
Parameter
Symbol
Operating Voltage
VDD
FOSC = 4 MHz
Input High Voltage
VIH1
Input Low Voltage
Output High
Voltage
15-2
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1.7
–
3.6
V
All input pins except VIH2 and VIH3
0.8 VDD
–
VDD
V
VIH2
nRESET
0.85 VDD
VDD
VIH3
XIN
VDD – 0.3
VDD
VIL1
All input pins except VIL2 and VIL3
VIL2
nRESET
VIL3
XIN
VOH1
VDD = 2.1 V, IOH = – 6mA
Port 3.1 only
VDD – 1.0
VOH2
VDD = 2.1 V, IOH = – 2.2mA
P3.0 and P2.0-2.3
VDD – 1.0
VOH3
VDD = 2.1 V, IOH = – 1mA
Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7
VDD – 1.0
0
–
0.2 VDD
V
0.2 VDD
0.3
V
–
–
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
Table 15-2. D.C. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 1.7 V to 3.6 V)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
–
0.4
0.5
V
VOL1
VDD = 2.1 V, IOL = 12mA
Port 3.1 only
VOL2
VDD = 2.1 V, IOL = 5mA
P3.0 and P2.0-2.3
0.4
0.5
VOL3
VDD = 2.1 V, IOL = 2mA
Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7
0.4
1.0
ILIH1
VIN = VDD
All input pins except ILIH2 and XOUT
–
1
ILIH2
VIN = VDD , XIN
ILIL1
VIN = 0 V
All input pins except ILIL2 and XOUT
ILIL2
VIN = 0 V, XIN
Output High
Leakage Current
ILOH
VOUT = VDD
All output pins
–
–
1
µA
Output Low
Leakage Current
ILOL
VOUT = 0 V
All output pins
–
–
–1
µA
Pull-Up
Resistors
RL1
VIN = 0 V, VDD = 2.1 V
40
90
150
kΩ
200
700
1200
kΩ
500
900
1500
kΩ
Output Low
Voltage
Input High
Leakage Current
Input Low
Leakage Current
–
µA
20
–
–
–1
µA
– 20
TA = 25°C, Ports 0–3
RL2
VIN = 0 V, VDD = 2.1 V
TA = 25°C, nRESET
Feed Back
Resistor
RFD
VIN = VDD, VDD = 2.1 V
TA = 25°C, XIN
15-3
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
S3F80J9
Table 15-2. D.C. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 1.7 V to 3.6 V)
Parameter
Supply Current
(note)
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
mA
IDD1
Operating Mode
VDD = 3.6 V
4 MHz crystal
–
5
9
IDD2
Idle Mode
VDD =3.6 V
4 MHz crystal
–
1.0
2.5
IDD3
Stop Mode
–
1
6
–
10
20
uA
LVD OFF, VDD = 3.6 V
Stop Mode
LVD ON, VDD = 3.6 V
NOTE: Supply current does not include current drawn through internal pull-up resistors or external output current loads.
Table 15-3. Characteristics of Low Voltage Detect Circuit
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Hysteresys voltage of LVD
(Slew Rate of LVD)
∆V
–
–
100
300
mV
Low level detect voltage for
back-up mode
LVD
–
1.7
1.9
2.1
V
Low level detect voltage for
flag indicator
LVD_FLAG
–
1.95
2.15
2.35
V
NOTE: The voltage gap between LVD and LVD FLAG is 250mV.
Table 15-4. Data Retention Supply Voltage in Stop Mode
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Data retention supply
voltage
VDDDR
Data retention supply
current
IDDDR
15-4
Conditions
–
VDDDR = 1.5 V
Stop Mode
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1.5
–
3.6
V
–
–
1
µA
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
TYPICAL VOL vs IOL(VDD=3.3V)
1.00
TYPICAL VOL VS VDD(IOL=12mA)
300
85°C
25°C
−25°C
0.80
85°C
25°C
− 25°C
250
200
VOL(mV)
VOL(V)
0.60
0.40
0.20
150
100
50
0
0.00
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
1.800V
80
2.400V
3.000V
3.600V
VDD(V)
IOL(mA)
Figure 15-1. Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.1 only)
TYPICAL VOL vs IOL(VDD=3.3V)
TYPICAL VOL VS VDD(IOL=5mA)
1.00
250
85°C
25°C
0.80
85°C
25°C
−25°C
200
150
VOL(mV)
VOL(V)
0.60
−25°C
0.40
0.20
100
50
0.00
0
10
20
30
40
0
1.800V
IOL(mA)
2.400V
3.000V
3.600V
VDD(V)
Figure 15-2. Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3)
NOTE: Figure 15-1 and 15-2 are characterized and not tested on each device.
15-5
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
S3F80J9
TYPICAL VOL vs IOL(VDD=3.3V)
TYPICAL VOL VS VDD(IOL=2mA)
1.00
0.80
85 °C
25 °C
−25 °C
140
120
0.60
VOL(mV)
VOL(V)
160
85°C
25°C
−25°C
0.40
100
80
60
40
0.20
20
0.00
0
5
10
0
1.800V
15
2.400V
IOL(mA)
3.000V
3.600V
VDD(V)
Figure 15-3. Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH VS VDD(IOH=−6mA)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH(VDD=3.3V)
1.20
25°C
−25°C
1.00
85°C
25°C
−25°C
0.6
0.80
VDD-VOH(V)
VDD-VOH(V)
0.7
85°C
0.60
0.40
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.20
0.1
0.00
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
1.8V
IOH(mA)
2.3
2.8
3.3
VDD(V)
Figure 15-4. Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.1 only)
NOTE: Figure 15-3 and 15-4 are characterized and not tested on each device.
15-6
3.8V
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH(VDD=3.3V)
1.20
0.6
85°C
25°C
- 25°C
1.00
85°C
25°C
- 25 °C
0.5
0.80
VDD-VOH(V)
VDD-VOH(V)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH VS VDD(IOH=−2.2mA)
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.00
0
2
4
6
8
10
0
12
1.8V
2.3
IOH(mA)
2.8
3.3
3.8
VDD(V)
Figure 15-5. Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH VS VDD(IOH=−1mA)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH(VDD=3.3V)
1.20
85 °C
0.4
25°C
−25°C
25°C
−25°C
0.35
0.80
VDD-VOH(V)
VDD-VOH(V)
1.00
0.45
85°C
0.60
0.40
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.20
0.05
0.00
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1.8V
IOH(mA)
2.3
2.8
3.3
3.8
VDD(V)
Figure 15-6. Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7)
NOTE: Figure 15-5 and 15-6 are characterized and not tested on each device.
15-7
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
S3F80J9
Idle Mode
(Basic Timer Active)
~
~
Stop Mode
Data Retention Mode
~
~
VDD
Normal Operating Mode
VDDDR
Execution of
STOP Instrction
EXT INT
0.8VDD
0.2VDD
tWAIT
Figure 15-7. Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by an External Interrupt
Reset
Occur
~
~
Stop Mode
Normal
Operating
Mode
~
~
VDD
Oscillation Stabilization Time
Execution of
STOP Instrction
nRESET
0.85VDD
0.2VDD
NOTE:
tWAIT
tWAIT is the same as 4096 x 16 x 1/fOSC.
Figure 15-8. Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a Reset
15-8
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
Reset
Occur
Oscillation Stabilization Time
Stop Mode
Normal Operating Mode
Back-up Mode
VDD
~
~
VLVD
~
~
VDDDR
tWAIT
Execution of
STOP Instrction
NOTE:
Data Retention Time
tWAIT is the same as 4096 x 16 x 1/fOSC.
Figure 15-9. Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a LVD
Table 15-5. Input/Output Capacitance
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Input
Capacitance
CIN
f = 1 MHz
Output
Capacitance
COUT
VDD = 0 V, unmeasured pins
are connected to VSS
I/O Capacitance
CIO
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
–
–
10
pF
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
ns
Table 15-6. A.C. Electrical Characteristics
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Interrupt Input
High, Low Width
tINTH,
tINTL
P0.0–P0.7, P2.0–P2.7
VDD = 3.6 V
200
300
–
nRESET Input
Low Width
tRSL
Input
VDD = 3.6 V
1000
–
–
15-9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
S3F80J9
tINTL
tINTH
0.8 VDD
0.2 VDD
NOTE:
0.8 VDD
0.2 VDD
The unit tCPU means one CPU clock period.
Figure 15-10. Input Timing for External Interrupts (Port 0 and Port 2)
Reset
Occur
Normal Operating Mode
Oscillation Stabilization Time
Back-up Mode
(Stop Mode)
Normal
Operating
Mode
VDD
nRESET
tWAIT
NOTE:
tWAIT is the same as 4096 x 16 x 1/fOSC.
Figure 15-11. Input Timing for Reset (nRESET Pin)
15-10
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
Table 15-7. Oscillation Characteristics
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Oscillator
Clock Circuit
Conditions
Crystal
XIN
C1
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
CPU clock oscillation
frequency
1
–
4
MHz
CPU clock oscillation
frequency
1
–
4
MHz
XIN input frequency
1
–
4
MHz
XOUT
C2
Ceramic
XIN
C1
XOUT
C2
External Clock
External
Clock
Open Pin
XIN
XOUT
15-11
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
S3F80J9
Table 15-8. Oscillation Stabilization Time
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 3.6 V)
Oscillator
Test Condition
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Main crystal
fOSC > 400 kHz
–
–
20
ms
Main ceramic
Oscillation stabilization occurs when VDD is
equal to the minimum oscillator voltage range.
–
–
10
ms
External clock
(main system)
XIN input High and Low width (tXH, tXL)
25
–
500
ns
Oscillator
stabilization
wait time
tWAIT when released by a reset (1)
–
216/fOSC
–
ms
tWAIT when released by an interrupt (2)
–
–
–
ms
NOTES:
1. fOSC is the oscillator frequency.
2. The duration of the oscillation stabilization time (tWAIT) when it is released by an interrupt is determined by the setting in
the basic timer control register, BTCON.
15-12
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (4MHz)
fOSC
(Main Oscillator Frequency)
Minimun Instruction
Clock
2 MHz
8 MHz
1.5MHz
6 MHz
A
1MHz
4 MHz
500 kHz
2 MHz
250 kHz
1 MHz
400 kHz
1kHz
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Supply Voltage (V)
Minimun Instruction Clock = 1/4n x oscillator frequency (n = 1, 2, 8, or 16)
A: 1.7 V, 4 MHz
Figure 15-12. Operating Voltage Range of S3F80J9
Table 15-9. AC Electrical Characteristics for Internal Flash ROM
(TA = –25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Flash Write/Erase Voltage
Fwe
1.95
–
3.6
V
Flash Read Voltage
Frv
1.7
–
3.6
V
Ftp
32
–
60
µS
Ftp1
10
–
20
mS
Ftp2
50
–
100
mS
Programming Time
(1)
Sector Erasing Time
Chip Erasing Time
(2)
(3)
Data Access Time
Number of Writing/Erasing
Data Retention
FtRS
VDD = 2.0 V
–
250
–
nS
FNwe
–
10,000
–
–
Times
Ftdr
–
10
–
–
Years
NOTES:
1. The programming time is the time during which one byte (8-bit) is programmed.
2. The Sector erasing time is the time during which all 128-bytes of one sector block is erased.
3. In the case of S3F80J9, the chip erasing is available in Tool Program Mode only.
15-13
S3F80J9
16
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
ELECTRICAL DATA - 8MHz
OVERVIEW
In this section, S3F80J9 electrical characteristics are presented in tables and graphs. The information is arranged
in the following order:
— Absolute Maximum Ratings
— D.C. Electrical Characteristics
— Characteristics of Low Voltage Detect Circuit
— Data Retention Supply Voltage in Stop Mode
— Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by an External Interrupt
— Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a Reset
— Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a LVD
— Input/Output Capacitance
— A.C. Electrical Characteristics
— Input Timing for External Interrupts
— Input Timing for Reset
— Oscillation Characteristics
— Oscillation Stabilization Time
— Operating Voltage Range
— A.C. Electrical Characteristics for Internal Flash ROM
16-1
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
S3F80J9
Table 16-1. Absolute Maximum Ratings
(TA = 25 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Rating
Unit
Supply Voltage
VDD
–
– 0.3 to + 3.8
V
Input Voltage
VIN
–
– 0.3 to VDD + 0.3
V
Output Voltage
VO
All output pins
– 0.3 to VDD + 0.3
V
Output Current High
I OH
One I/O pin active
– 18
mA
All I/O pins active
– 60
Output Current Low
I OL
One I/O pin active
+ 30
All I/O pins active
+ 150
mA
Operating
Temperature
TA
–
– 25 to + 85
°C
Storage
Temperature
TSTG
–
– 65 to + 150
°C
Electrostatic
Discharge
VESD
HBM
2000
V
MM
200
Table 16-2. D.C. Electrical Characteristics
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 1.95 V to 3.6 V)
Parameter
Symbol
Operating Voltage
VDD
FOSC = 8 MHz
Input High Voltage
VIH1
Input Low Voltage
Output High
Voltage
16-2
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1.95
–
3.6
V
All input pins except VIH2 and VIH3
0.8 VDD
–
VDD
V
VIH2
nRESET
0.85 VDD
VDD
VIH3
XIN
VDD – 0.3
VDD
VIL1
All input pins except VIL2 and VIL3
VIL2
nRESET
VIL3
XIN
VOH1
VDD = 2.35 V, IOH = – 6mA
Port 3.1 only
VDD – 0.7
VOH2
VDD = 2.35 V, IOH = – 2.2mA
P3.0 and P2.0-2.3
VDD – 0.7
VOH3
VDD = 2.35 V, IOH = – 1mA
Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7
VDD – 1.0
0
–
0.2 VDD
V
0.2 VDD
0.3
–
–
V
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
Table 16-2. D.C. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 1.95 V to 3.6 V)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
–
0.4
0.5
V
VOL1
VDD = 2.35 V, IOL = 12mA
Port 3.1 only
VOL2
VDD = 2.35 V, IOL = 5mA
P3.0 and P2.0-2.3
0.4
0.5
VOL3
VDD = 2.35 V, IOL = 2mA
Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7
0.4
1.0
ILIH1
VIN = VDD
All input pins except ILIH2 and XOUT
–
1
ILIH2
VIN = VDD , XIN
ILIL1
VIN = 0 V
All input pins except ILIL2 and XOUT
ILIL2
VIN = 0 V, XIN
Output High
Leakage Current
ILOH
VOUT = VDD
All output pins
–
–
1
µA
Output Low
Leakage Current
ILOL
VOUT = 0 V
All output pins
–
–
–1
µA
Pull-Up
Resistors
RL1
VIN = 0 V, VDD = 2.35 V
44
70
95
kΩ
200
500
1000
kΩ
300
700
1500
kΩ
Output Low
Voltage
Input High
Leakage Current
Input Low
Leakage Current
–
µA
20
–
–
–1
µA
– 20
TA = 25°C, Ports 0–3
RL2
VIN = 0 V, VDD = 2.35 V
TA = 25°C, nRESET
Feed Back
Resistor
RFD
VIN = VDD, VDD = 2.35 V
TA = 25°C, XIN
16-3
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
S3F80J9
Table 16-2. D.C. Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 1.95 V to 3.6 V)
Parameter
Symbol
Supply Current
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
mA
IDD1
Operating Mode
VDD = 3.6 V
8 MHz crystal
–
5
9
IDD2
Idle Mode
VDD =3.6 V
8 MHz crystal
–
1.0
2.5
IDD3
Stop Mode
LVD OFF, VDD = 3.6 V
–
1
6
Stop Mode
–
10
20
(note)
uA
LVD ON, VDD = 3.6 V
NOTE: Supply current does not include current drawn through internal pull-up resistors or external output current loads.
Table 16-3. Characteristics of Low Voltage Detect Circuit
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Hysteresys voltage of LVD
(Slew Rate of LVD)
∆V
–
–
100
300
mV
Low level detect voltage
for back-up mode
LVD
–
1.95
2.15
2.35
V
Low level detect voltage
for flag indicator
LVD_FLAG
–
2.1
2.3
2.5
V
NOTE: The voltage gap between LVD and LVD FLAG is 150mV.
Table 16-4. Data Retention Supply Voltage in Stop Mode
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Data retention supply
voltage
VDDDR
Data retention supply
current
IDDDR
16-4
Conditions
–
VDDDR = 1.5 V
Stop Mode
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1.5
–
3.6
V
–
–
1
µA
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
TYPICAL VOL vs IOL(VDD=3.3V)
1.00
TYPICAL VOL VS VDD(IOL=12mA)
300
85°C
25 °C
0.80
85°C
25°C
250
−25°C
−25°C
0.60
VOL(mV)
VOL(V)
200
0.40
150
100
0.20
50
0
0.00
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
1.800V
80
2.400V
3.000V
3.600V
VDD(V)
IOL(mA)
Figure 16-1. Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.1 only)
TYPICAL VOL vs IOL(VDD=3.3V)
TYPICAL VOL VS VDD(IOL=5mA)
1.00
250
85°C
25°C
−25°C
0.80
85°C
25°C
200
150
VOL(mV)
VOL(V)
0.60
−25°C
0.40
0.20
100
50
0.00
0
10
20
30
40
0
1.800V
IOL(mA)
2.400V
3.000V
3.600V
VDD(V)
Figure 16-2. Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3)
NOTE: Figure 16-1 and 16-2 are characterized and not tested on each device.
16-5
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
S3F80J9
TYPICAL VOL vs IOL(VDD=3.3V)
TYPICAL VOL VS VDD(IOL=2mA)
1.00
160
85°C
0.80
25°C
−25°C
120
100
0.60
VOL(mV)
VOL(V)
85°C
140
25°C
−25°C
0.40
80
60
40
0.20
20
0.00
0
5
10
0
1.800V
15
2.400V
IOL(mA)
3.000V
3.600V
VDD(V)
Figure 16-3. Typical Low-Side Driver (Sink) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH VS VDD(IOH=−6mA)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH(VDD=3.3V)
0.7
1.20
85°C
25°C
−25°C
85°C
25°C
−25°C
0.6
0.80
VDD-VOH(V)
VDD-VOH(V)
1.00
0.60
0.40
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.20
0.1
0.00
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
1.8V
IOH(mA)
2.3
2.8
3.3
VDD(V)
Figure 16-4. Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.1 only)
NOTE: Figure 16-3 and 16-4 are characterized and not tested on each device.
16-6
3.8V
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH(VDD=3.3V)
1.20
0.6
85°C
25°C
−25°C
1.00
85°C
25°C
−25°C
0.5
0.80
VDD-VOH(V)
VDD-VOH(V)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH VS VDD(IOH=−2.2mA)
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.00
0
2
4
6
8
10
0
12
1.8V
2.3
IOH(mA)
2.8
3.3
3.8
VDD(V)
Figure 16-5. Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (P3.0 and P2.0-2.3)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH VS VDD(IOH=−1mA)
TYPICAL VDD-VOH(VDD=3.3V)
0.45
1.20
85°C
85°C
1.00
0.4
25°C
0.35
0.80
VDD-VOH(V)
VDD-VOH(V)
−25°C
25°C
−25°C
0.60
0.40
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.20
0.05
0.00
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
1.8V
IOH(mA)
2.3
2.8
3.3
3.8
VDD(V)
Figure 16-6. Typical High-Side Driver (Source) Characteristics (Port0, Port1, P2.4-2.7)
NOTE: Figure 16-5 and 16-6 are characterized and not tested on each device.
16-7
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
S3F80J9
Idle Mode
(Basic Timer Active)
~
~
Stop Mode
Data Retention Mode
~
~
VDD
Normal Operating Mode
VDDDR
Execution of
STOP Instrction
EXT INT
0.8VDD
0.2VDD
tWAIT
Figure 16-7. Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by an External Interrupt
Reset
Occur
~
~
Stop Mode
Normal
Operating
Mode
~
~
VDD
Oscillation Stabilization Time
Execution of
STOP Instrction
nRESET
0.85VDD
0.2VDD
NOTE:
tWAIT
tWAIT is the same as 4096 x 16 x 1/fOSC.
Figure 16-8. Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a Reset
16-8
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
Reset
Occur
Oscillation Stabilization Time
Stop Mode
Normal Operating Mode
Back-up Mode
VDD
~
~
VLVD
~
~
VDDDR
tWAIT
Execution of
STOP Instrction
NOTE:
Data Retention Time
tWAIT is the same as 4096 x 16 x 1/fOSC.
Figure 16-9. Stop Mode Release Timing When Initiated by a LVD
Table 16-5. Input/Output Capacitance
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Input
Capacitance
CIN
Output
Capacitance
COUT
I/O Capacitance
CIO
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
f = 1 MHz
VDD = 0 V, unmeasured pins
are connected to VSS
–
–
10
pF
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
ns
Table 16-6. A.C. Electrical Characteristics
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Interrupt Input
High, Low Width
tINTH,
tINTL
P0.0–P0.7, P2.0–P2.7
VDD = 3.6 V
200
300
–
nRESET Input
Low Width
tRSL
Input
VDD = 3.6 V
1000
–
–
16-9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
S3F80J9
tINTL
tINTH
0.8 VDD
0.2 VDD
NOTE:
0.8 VDD
0.2 VDD
The unit tCPU means one CPU clock period.
Figure 16-10. Input Timing for External Interrupts (Port 0 and Port 2)
Reset
Occur
Normal Operating Mode
Oscillation Stabilization Time
Back-up Mode
(Stop Mode)
Normal
Operating
Mode
VDD
nRESET
tWAIT
NOTE:
tWAIT is the same as 4096 x 16 x 1/fOSC.
Figure 16-11. Input Timing for Reset (nRESET Pin)
16-10
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
Table 16-7. Oscillation Characteristics
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C)
Oscillator
Clock Circuit
Conditions
Crystal
XIN
C1
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
CPU clock oscillation
frequency
1
–
8
MHz
CPU clock oscillation
frequency
1
–
8
MHz
XIN input frequency
1
–
8
MHz
XOUT
C2
Ceramic
XIN
C1
XOUT
C2
External Clock
External
Clock
Open Pin
XIN
XOUT
16-11
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
S3F80J9
Table 16-8. Oscillation Stabilization Time
(TA = – 25 °C to + 85 °C, VDD = 3.6 V)
Oscillator
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
fOSC > 400 kHz
Oscillation stabilization occurs when VDD is
equal to the minimum oscillator voltage range.
–
–
20
ms
–
–
10
ms
External clock
(main system)
XIN input High and Low width (tXH, tXL)
25
–
500
ns
Oscillator
stabilization
wait time
tWAIT when released by a reset (1)
–
216/fOSC
–
ms
tWAIT when released by an interrupt (2)
–
–
–
ms
Main crystal
Main ceramic
Test Condition
NOTES:
1. fOSC is the oscillator frequency.
2. The duration of the oscillation stabilization time (tWAIT) when it is released by an interrupt is determined by the setting in
the basic timer control register, BTCON.
16-12
S3F80J9
ELECTRICAL DATA (8MHz)
fOSC
(Main Oscillator Frequency)
Minimun Instruction
Clock
A
2 MHz
8 MHz
1.5MHz
6 MHz
1MHz
4 MHz
500 kHz
2 MHz
250 kHz
1 MHz
400 kHz
1kHz
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Supply Voltage (V)
Minimun Instruction Clock = 1/4n x oscillator frequency (n = 1, 2, 8, or 16)
A: 1.95 V, 8 MHz
Figure 16-12. Operating Voltage Range of S3F80J9
Table 16-9. AC Electrical Characteristics for Internal Flash ROM
(TA = –25 °C to + 85 °C)
Parameter
Symbol
Flash Write/Erase/Read Voltage
Programming Time
(1)
Sector Erasing Time
Chip Erasing Time
(2)
(3)
Data Access Time
Number of Writing/Erasing
Data Retention
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Fwerv
1.95
–
3.6
V
Ftp
32
–
60
µS
Ftp1
10
–
20
mS
Ftp2
50
–
100
mS
VDD = 2.0 V
–
250
–
nS
FNwe
–
10,000
–
–
Times
Ftdr
–
10
–
–
Years
FtRS
Conditions
NOTES:
1. The programming time is the time during which one byte (8-bit) is programmed.
2. The Sector erasing time is the time during which all 128-bytes of one sector block is erased.
3. In the case of S3F80J9, the chip erasing is available in Tool Program Mode only.
16-13
S3F80J9
MECHANICAL DATA
17
MECHANICAL DATA
OVERVIEW
The S3F80J9 micro-controller is currently available in a32-pin SOP and 28-pin SOP package.
0-8
#17
0.25
20.30 MAX
19.90 ± 0.20
+ 0.10
- 0.05
0.90 ± 0.20
#16
2.00 ± 0.10
#1
2.20 MAX
32-SOP-450A
11.43
8.34 ± 0.20
12.00 ± 0.30
#32
0.40 ± 0.10
(0.43)
NOTE:
1.27
0.05 MIN
0.10 MAX
Dimensions are in millimeters.
Figure 17-1. 32-Pin SOP Package Dimension
17-1
MECHANICAL DATA
S3F80J9
0-8
#15
0.15
18.02 MAX
17.62 ± 0.20
+ 0.10
- 0.05
0.60 ± 0.20
#14
2.15 ± 0.10
#1
2.50 MAX
28-SOP-375
9.53
7.70 ± 0.20
10.45 ± 0.30
#28
(0.56)
0.41
NOTE:
+ 0.10
- 0.05
1.27
0.05 MIN
0.10 MAX
Dimensions are in millimeters.
Figure 17-2. 28-Pin SOP Package Dimension
17-2
S3F80J9
18
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
OVERVIEW
Samsung provides a powerful and easy-to-use development support system on a turnkey basis. The
development support system is composed of a host system, debugging tools, and supporting software. For a host
system, any standard computer that employs Win95/98/2000/XP as its operating system can be used. A
sophisticated debugging tool is provided both in hardware and software: the powerful in-circuit emulator,
OPENice-i500, for the S3C7-, S3C9-, and S3C8- microcontroller families. Samsung also offers supporting
software that includes, debugger, an assembler, and a program for setting options.
TARGET BOARDS
Target boards are available for all the S3C8/S3F8-series microcontrollers. All the required target system cables
and adapters are included on the device-specific target board. TB80JB is a specific target board for the S3F80JB
development.
PROGRAMMING SOCKET ADAPTER
When you program S3F80J9’s flash memory by using an emulator or OTP/MTP writer, you need a specific writer
socket adapter for S3F80J9. In case of S3F80J9, there are SA-32SOP and SA-28SOP socket adapters for it’s 32SOP and 28-SOP packages respectively. (Refer to Flash Application Notes)
18-1
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
S3F80J9
TB80J9 TARGET BOARD
The TB80J9 target board can be replaced to TB80JB target board because the TB80JB target board is used for
the S3F80JB microcontrollers and S3F80JB has 64K Flash memory sizes. But you should be careful to set flash
memory size in order to programming. (The S3F80J9 has 32K Flash memory sizes)
TB80JB Rev1
To User_Vcc
On
nRESET IDLE STOP
U2
74HC11
+
GND
Off
S1
+
+
RESET
JP6
JP10
Y1
BOARD_CLK
JP5
JP11
VDD_REG
JP1
J1A
J2
MAIN_MODE
JP2
144 QFP
S3E80JB
EVA Chip
TEST_MODE
U1
TA-SAM 8
EVA_MODE
J3
VDD
VSS
USER_MODE
1
50
1
+5V
+3V
VDD_3.3
SDAT
JP1
JP8
nRESET
SCLK
CABLE To Connect
Between Target Board And
Open-ice Connect Board
100-Pin Connector
25
4
MDS_CLK
VDDMCU
50-Pin Connector
CABLEs For CONNECTION
To Open-ice500
VCC
The TB80JB target board is supported by OPENice-i500 (In-Circuit Emulator).
1
JP3
SMDS2+
1
SMDS2
25
Figure 18-1. TB80JB Target Board Configuration
NOTES
1. S3E80JB should be supplied 3.3V. So jumpers and switches in both OPENice-i500 connect board
and
target board of S3E80JB (TB80JB) should be set as like this description. In that case, regulator in
TB80JB is not used.
2. The symbol ‘ ‘ marks start point of jumper signals.
18-2
26
S3F80J9
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
Table 18-1. Components Consisting of S3F80JB Target Board
Block
Symbols
OPEN-i500 Connector
J1A
Connection debugging signals between emulator and 80JB
EVA target board.
TEST Board Connector
J2
Connection between target board and remocon application
board.
RESET Block
RESET Push Switch
Generation low active reset signal of 80JB EVA-chip
POWER Block
VCC, GND, S,
nRESET LED
Generation 3.3V with 5V power inserted from external
power source or open –ice (recommend).
STOP/IDLE Display
IDLE, STOP LED
Indicate the status of STOP or IDLE
FLASH Serial Writing
J3
Signal for writing flash ROM in tool mode. Don’t use these
in user mode.
MODE Selection
JP1, JP2
Selection of Flash tool/user mode and Eva/Main-chip mode
18-3
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
S3F80J9
Table 18-2. Default Setting of the Jumper in S3F80JB Target Board
JP#
Description
1-2 connection
2-3 connection
Setting
S1
Target board power source
Open-ice power
Join 1-2
JP1
Target board mode selection
H: Main-Mode
L: EVA-Mode
Join 2-3
JP2
Operation Mode
H: User Mode
L: Test-Mode
Join 1-2
JP3
MDS version
SMDS2
SMDS2+
Join 2-3
JP5
Board peripheral power
connection
Board peripheral power connection
Connect
JP6
When supplied 5V in target
board, generation of 3.3V
using regulator.
Join 2-3
JP8
80JB VDD power connection
In case of selection 3.3V
between open-ice powers,
connect core without a step
of regulation.
80JB VDD power connection
JP10
Clock source selection
When using the internal clock source which is generated
from OPENice-i500, join connector 2-3 and 4-5 pin. If
user wants to use the external clock source like a crystal,
user should change the jumper setting from 1-2 to 5-6
and connect Y1 to an external clock source.
JP11
Regulator 3.3 Volt-Out
connection
Connection between regulator out voltage and 80JB’s
Power VDD when using the regulator. When debugging
with Openice-i500, JP11 don’t need to be connect.
SW2
Smart option at address 3EH Dip switch for smart option. These 1byte are mapped
address 3EH for special function. Refer to the page 2-3.
SW3
Smart option at address 3FH Dip switch for smart option. These 1byte are mapped
address 3FH for special function. Refer to the page 2-3.
In case of selection 5V
between open-ice powers,
connect regulator to
generate 3.3V
Y1
External clock source
Connecting point for external clock source like a crystal.
J3
Header for flash serial
programming signals
To program an internal flash, connect the signals with
flash writer tool.
To
Target System is supplied
User_Vcc VDD
Target Board is not supplied Target Board is supplied
VDD to Target System.
VDD to Target System.
Connect
J3
Join 2-3
NOTE: S3F80JB Target board consists of 74HC11N, regulator and other components. In case of 74HC11N, typical
operating voltage is 5V. So 80jb target board includes a regulator for 3.3V generation. As you know, S3F80JB typical
operating voltage is 3.3V. Although open-i500 supports 3.3 V for target board ‘s power source, we recommend that
you connect jumper of open-i500 power source to 5V. Check the interface board’s jumper status between emulator
and target board.
–
nRESET LED
This LED is OFF when the Reset switch is ON.
–
IDLE LED
This is LED is ON when the evaluation chip (S3E80JB) is in idle mode.
–
STOP LED
This LED is ON when the evalution chip (S3E80JB) is in stop mode.
18-4
S3F80J9
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
J2
NOTE:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
50-Pin DIP
Connector
P2.3/INT8
P2.4/INT9/CIN0
P3.0/T0PWM/T0CAP/SDAT
P3.1/REM/SCLK
VDD
VSS
XOUT
XIN
TEST
P2.5/INT9/CIN1
P2.6/INT9/CIN2
RESET
P3.4
P3.5
P2.7/INT9/CIN3
P1.0
P3.2/T0CK
P3.3/T1CAP/T2CAP
P4.7
P1.1
P1.2
P1.3
N.C
N.C
N.C
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
P2.2/INT7
P2.1/INT6
P2.0/INT5
P4.0
P4.1
P4.2
P4.3
P0.7/INT4
P0.6/INT4
P0.5/INT4
P0.4/INT4
P0.3/INT3
P0.2/INT2
P0.1/INT1
P0.0/INT0
P4.4
P4.5
P4.6
P1.7
P1.6
P1.5
P1.4
N.C
N.C
N.C
N.C means No Connection.
Figure 18-2. 50-Pin Connector Pin Assignment for TB80JB
Target Board
Target System
J2
50
1
50
25
26
Target Cable for 50-Pin Connector
25
26
50-Pin DIP Connector
50-Pin DIP Connector
1
Figure 18-3. TB80JB Adapter Cable
18-5
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
S3F80J9
SAMSUNG provides a complete line of development tools for SAMSUNG's microcontroller. With long experience
in developing MCU systems, our third parties are leading companies in the tool's technology. SAMSUNG Incircuit emulator solution covers a wide range of capabilities and prices, from a low cost ICE to a complete system
with an OTP/MTP programmer.
Series In-Circuit Emulator
— OPENice-i500
— SMART Kit
OTP/MTP Programmer
— SPW 2+
— BlueChips-Combi
— GW-PRO2
Development Tools Suppliers
Please contact our local sales offices on how to get MDS tools. Or contact the 3rd party tool suppliers directly as
shown below.
8-bit In-Circuit Emulator
OPENice - i500
AIJI System
•
•
•
•
SMART Kit
C & A Technology
•
•
•
•
18-6
TEL: 82-31-223-6611
FAX: 82-331-223-6613
E-mail : openice@aijisystem.com
URL : http://www.aijisystem.com
TEL: 82-2-2612-9027
FAX: 82-2-2612-9044
E-mail: caat@unitel.co.kr
URL: http://www.cnatech.com
S3F80J9
DEVELOPMENT TOOLS DATA
OTP/MTP PROGRAMMER (WRITER)
SPW2+
C & A Technology
Single PROM OTP/ FLASH MTO Programmer
•
•
•
•
• Download/Upload and data edit function
• PC-based operation with RS232C port
• Full function regarding OTP programmer
(Read, Program, Verify, Blank, Protection..)
• Fast programming speed (1Kbyte/sec)
• Support all of SAMSUNG OTP devices
• Low-cost
• Download the files from the 3rd party link shown
below.
TEL: 82-2-2612-9027
FAX: 82-2-2612-9044.
E-mail: caat@unitel.co.kr
URL:
http://www.cnatech.com
International Sale
SEMINIX
• TEL: 82-2-539-7891
• FAX: 82-2-539-7819.
• E-mail:
cindy@seminix.com
• URL:
http://www.seminix.com
BlueChips-Combi
AIJI System
BlueChips-combi is a programmer for all Samsung
MCU. It can program not only all Samsung
OTP/MTP (Flash) MCU but also the popular
E(E)PROMs. New devices will be supported just by
adding device files or upgrading the software. It is
connected to host PC’s serial port and controlled by
the software.
• TEL: 82-31-223-6611
• FAX: 82-31-223-6613
• E-mail :
openice@aijisystem.com
• URL :
http://www.aijisystem.com
GW-PRO2
C & A Technology
Gang Programmer for One-time PROM device
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8 devices programming at one time
Fast programming speed (1.2Kbyte/sec)
PC-based control operation mode
Full Function regarding OTP program
(Read,Program,Vertify,Protection,blank..)
Data back-up even at power break
After setup in Desgin Lab,it can be moved to the
factory site.
Key Lock protecting operator's mistake
Good/Fail quantity displayed and memorized
Buzzer sounds after programming
User friendly single-menu operation (PC)
Operation mode displayed in LCD pannel
(Stand-alone mode)
TEL: 82-2-2612-9027
FAX: 82-2-2612-9044.
E-mail: caat@unitel.co.kr
URL:
http://www.cnatech.com
International Sale
SEMINIX
• TEL: 82-2-539-7891
• FAX: 82-2-539-7819.
• E-mail:
cindy@seminix.com
• URL:
http://www.seminix.com
18-7
S3C8 SERIES MASK ROM ORDER FORM
Product description:
Device Number:
S3C80J9
S3F80J9
S3C8__________- ___________(write down the ROM code number)
Package
Product Order Form:
Pellet
Wafer
Package Type: __________
Package Marking (Check One):
Standard
SEC
Custom A
Custom B
(Max 10 chars)
(Max 10 chars each line)
@ YWW
Device Name
@ YWW
Device Name
@ YWW
@ : Assembly site code, Y : Last number of assembly year, WW : Week of assembly
Delivery Dates and Quantities:
Deliverable
Required Delivery Date
Quantity
Comments
–
Not applicable
See ROM Selection Form
ROM code
Customer sample
Risk order
See Risk Order Sheet
Please answer the following questions:
For what kind of product will you be using this order?
New product
Upgrade of an existing product
Replacement of an existing product
Other
If you are replacing an existing product, please indicate the former product name
(
)
What are the main reasons you decided to use a Samsung microcontroller in your product?
Please check all that apply.
Price
Product quality
Features and functions
Development system
Technical support
Delivery on time
Used same micom before
Quality of documentation
Samsung reputation
Mask Charge (US$ / Won):
____________________________
Customer Information:
Company Name:
Signatures:
___________________
________________________
(Person placing the order)
Telephone number _________________________
__________________________________
(Technical Manager)
(For duplicate copies of this form, and for additional ordering information, please contact your local Samsung sales
representative. Samsung sales offices are listed on the back cover of this book.)
S3F8 SERIES FLASH FACTORY WRITING ORDER FORM
Product description:
Device Number: S3F8__________- ___________(write down the ROM code number)
Package
Product Order Form:
Pellet
Wafer Package Type: __________
Package Marking (Check One):
Standard
SEC
Custom A
Custom B
(Max 10 chars)
(Max 10 chars each line)
@ YWW
Device Name
@ YWW
Device Name
@ YWW
@ : Assembly site code, Y : Last number of assembly year, WW : Week of assembly
Delivery Dates and Quantities:
Deliverable
Required Delivery Date
Quantity
Comments
–
Not applicable
See ROM Selection Form
ROM code
Customer sample
Risk order
See Risk Order Sheet
Please answer the following questions:
For what kind of product will you be using this order?
New product
Upgrade of an existing product
Replacement of an existing product
Other
If you are replacing an existing product, please indicate the former product name
(
)
What are the main reasons you decided to use a Samsung microcontroller in your product?
Please check all that apply.
Price
Product quality
Features and functions
Development system
Technical support
Delivery on time
Used same micom before
Quality of documentation
Samsung reputation
Mask Charge (US$ / Won):
____________________________
Customer Information:
Company Name:
Signatures:
___________________
Telephone number
_________________________
________________________
__________________________________
(Person placing the order)
(Technical Manager)
(For duplicate copies of this form, and for additional ordering information, please contact your local Samsung sales
representative. Samsung sales offices are listed on the back cover of this book.)
S3F8 SERIES REQUEST
FOR PRODUCTION AT CUSTOMER RISK
Customer Information:
Company Name:
________________________________________________________________
Department:
________________________________________________________________
Telephone Number:
__________________________
Date:
__________________________
Fax: _____________________________
Risk Order Information:
Device Number: S3F8__________- ___________(write down the ROM code number)
Package:
_____________________
Number of Pins: ____________
Package Type:
Intended Application:
________________________________________________________________
Product Model Number:
________________________________________________________________
Customer Risk Order Agreement:
We hereby request SEC to produce the above named product in the quantity stated below. We believe our risk
order product to be in full compliance with all SEC production specifications and, to this extent, agree to assume
responsibility for any and all production risks involved.
Order Quantity and Delivery Schedule:
Risk Order Quantity:
_____________________ PCS
Delivery Schedule:
Delivery Date (s)
Signatures:
Quantity
_______________________________
(Person Placing the Risk Order)
Comments
_______________________________________
(SEC Sales Representative)
(For duplicate copies of this form, and for additional ordering information, please contact your local Samsung
sales representative. Samsung sales offices are listed on the back cover of this book.)
FLASH APPLICATION NOTES
S3F80J9 PROGRAMMING BY TOOL
S3F80JB
Flash Application Notes
TOOL PROGRAMMING OF S3F80J9
To read/write/erase by OTP/MTP writer, the following six pins are used.
Table 1. Descriptions of Pins Used to Read/Write/Erase the Flash in Tool Program Mode
During Programming
Normal Chip
Pin Name
Pin Name
Pin No.
I/O
Function
P3.0
SDAT
3[30]
I/O
Serial data pin. Output port when reading and
input port when writing. SDAT (P3.0) can be
assigned as an input or push-pull output port.
P3.1
SCLK
4[31]
I
Serial clock pin. Input only pin.
TEST
TEST
9[4]
I
Tool mode selection when TEST pin sets
Logic value ‘1’. If user uses the flash writer tool
mode (ex.spw2+ etc.), user should connect
TEST pin to VDD. (S3F80JB supplies high
voltage 12.5V by internal high voltage
generation circuit.)
NRESET
nRESET
12[7]
I
Chip Initialization
VDD, VSS
VDD, VSS
5[32], 6[1]
–
Power supply pin for logic circuit.
VDD should be tied to +3.3 V during
programming.
When writing or erasing using OTP/MTP writer, user must check the following:
Vdd Voltage
The maximum operating voltage of S3F80JB is 3.6V. (Refer to the electrical data of S3F80JB manual.) The
selection flag of Vdd must be set to 3.3V as like a figure on next page.
Test Pin Voltage
The TEST pin on socket board for OTP/MTP writer must be connected to Vdd (3.3V). The TEST pin on socket
board must not be connected Vpp(12.5V) which is generated from OTP/MTP Writer. So the specific socket
board for S3F80JB must be used, when writing or erasing using OTP/MTP writer.
FLASH APPLICATION NOTES
This is only an example for setting VDD. This is SPW2+ which is one of OPT/MTP Writers.
S3F80JB