Seagate ST3655N User manual

SMARTMon-UX
User Manual
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
SANTOOLS (TM) SMARTMon-UX
Peripheral Monitoring, Tuning, and Reporting Software
1.43 (DEC 2009)
by David A. Lethe
Copyright 1999 - 2008
SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
(SMARTMon-UX)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office
No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
All rights reserved. No parts of this work may be reproduced in any form or by any means - graphic, electronic, or
mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, or information storage and retrieval systems - without the
written permission of the publisher.
Products that are referred to in this document may be either trademarks and/or registered trademarks of the
respective owners. The publisher and the author make no claim to these trademarks.
While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this document, the publisher and the author assume no
responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of information contained in this document
or from the use of programs and source code that may accompany it. In no event shall the publisher and the author be
liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damage caused or alleged to have been caused directly or
indirectly by this document.
Printed: December 2009 in Texas
SANtools is trademarked
Author
David A. Lethe
Publisher
SANtools, Inc.
I
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Table of Contents
Foreword
0
Part I Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
2
1 General Overview
................................................................................................................................... 2
2 Hardware & Software
...................................................................................................................................
Requirements
2
3 Principles of Operation
................................................................................................................................... 3
Return Codes ..........................................................................................................................................................
7
4 Installing & Configuring
................................................................................................................................... 8
SMTP Mail Server
..........................................................................................................................................................
Configuration
8
Testing Predictive
..........................................................................................................................................................
Failure Alerts and Actions
11
Auto-Launching
..........................................................................................................................................................
Program After Predictive Failure
13
Running as a..........................................................................................................................................................
Windows Service
14
5 Invoking & Command-Line
...................................................................................................................................
Options
16
6 Change Block
...................................................................................................................................
Size
28
7 Change Disk...................................................................................................................................
Capacity
28
8 Configuring for
...................................................................................................................................
Automatic Start Up at Boot
31
9 Corrupt Data...................................................................................................................................
Block
31
10 Defect Reporting
................................................................................................................................... 32
11 Enclosure Services
...................................................................................................................................
Viewer (SAF-TE)
33
12 Enclosure Services
...................................................................................................................................
Reprogramming (SES)
34
13 Enclosure Services
...................................................................................................................................
Configurator (SES)
36
14 Enclosure Services
...................................................................................................................................
Viewer (SES)
37
Vendor-Unique
..........................................................................................................................................................
Enclosure Data
Intel SSR212MC2
..........................................................................................................................................................
Enclosure
40
45
15 Flash Firmware
................................................................................................................................... 47
16 Flash SES Firmware
................................................................................................................................... 49
17 Format Disk ................................................................................................................................... 50
18 Inquiry Page...................................................................................................................................
Viewer
53
Example Inquiry
..........................................................................................................................................................
Dump - SAS Disk
Example Inquiry
..........................................................................................................................................................
Dump - SCSI Tape
60
62
19 International...................................................................................................................................
Localization
63
20 Link Speed Reporting
................................................................................................................................... 63
21 Log Page Viewer
................................................................................................................................... 65
Example Decoded
..........................................................................................................................................................
Log Page Dump - SAS Disk
Example Decoded
..........................................................................................................................................................
Log Page Dump - FC Disk
Example Decoded
..........................................................................................................................................................
Log Page Dump - SCSI Disk
Example Decoded
..........................................................................................................................................................
Log Page Dump - SCSI Tape
68
69
70
71
22 SMART Threshold
...................................................................................................................................
and Attribute Viewer
72
23 SMART Error...................................................................................................................................
Log Reporting
74
24 Enabling, Disabling,
...................................................................................................................................
Controlling S.M.A.R.T
78
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Contents
II
25 Mode Page Editor
................................................................................................................................... 79
26 Mode Page Viewer
................................................................................................................................... 80
Example Mode
..........................................................................................................................................................
Page Dump - SAS Disk
Example Mode
..........................................................................................................................................................
Page Dump - FC Disk
Example Mode
..........................................................................................................................................................
Page Dump - SCSI Disk
Example Mode
..........................................................................................................................................................
Page Dump - SCSI Tape
86
89
91
94
27 Batch Mode ...................................................................................................................................
Page Import/Export
95
28 Partition Identification
................................................................................................................................... 99
29 Ping Command
................................................................................................................................... 102
30 Read Raw Block
................................................................................................................................... 103
31 Reassign Physical
...................................................................................................................................
Sector
104
32 Self-Test Diagnostics
...................................................................................................................................
- ANSI
105
33 Secure Erase
...................................................................................................................................
and Validation
111
34 Self-Test Diagnostics
...................................................................................................................................
- SANtools
118
Data Integrity
..........................................................................................................................................................
Test
123
35 Self-Test Diagnostics
...................................................................................................................................
- WRITE SAME
125
36 Spin Disk Up
...................................................................................................................................
and Down
127
37 Storage Area
...................................................................................................................................
Network (SAN) Reporting
128
38 Storage Area
...................................................................................................................................
Network (SAN) Device Ping
140
39 Storage Area
...................................................................................................................................
Network (SAN) HBA Info
142
40 Storage Area
...................................................................................................................................
Network (SAN) I/O Stat
143
41 Tape Drive ...................................................................................................................................
Testing and Optimization
144
42 TapeAlert Testing
................................................................................................................................... 146
43 TapeAlert Viewer
................................................................................................................................... 148
44 TapeAlert ANSI
...................................................................................................................................
Descriptions
150
45 Thermal Warning
................................................................................................................................... 157
46 Threshold Monitoring
................................................................................................................................... 158
47 Threshold Configuration
................................................................................................................................... 158
48 Verify Data ................................................................................................................................... 165
49 Version and...................................................................................................................................
Version-Details
166
50 Write Cache...................................................................................................................................
Enable
196
51 Write Protected
...................................................................................................................................
Media Test
197
52 RAID Engine
...................................................................................................................................
Support
198
LSI (Mylex) RAID
..........................................................................................................................................................
Engines
LSI (Engenio)
..........................................................................................................................................................
RAID Engines
Infortrend RAID
..........................................................................................................................................................
Engines
3WARE AMCC
..........................................................................................................................................................
RAID Engines
LSI (MPT Internal)
..........................................................................................................................................................
RAID Engines
198
201
205
210
213
53 Background...................................................................................................................................
Media Scan Functions
216
Finding Bad..........................................................................................................................................................
Blocks Script
Part II What Do I Do If I Get an Alert
220
223
1 What Does ...................................................................................................................................
an Alert Look Like?
223
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
II
III
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
2 What Immediate
...................................................................................................................................
Actions Should I Take
224
226
Part III Getting Help
1 About SMARTMon-UX
................................................................................................................................... 226
2 Contacting ...................................................................................................................................
Your Supplier
226
Part IV Frequenty Asked Questions
228
1 What are Sense
...................................................................................................................................
Codes?
228
2 What is S.M.A.R.T.
...................................................................................................................................
and How Does it Work?
228
3 What are Mode
...................................................................................................................................
Pages, and How are they Used?
229
4 SES Specific
...................................................................................................................................
Definitions
229
5 Configuring...................................................................................................................................
SNIA HBA API Library
230
6 Windows Device
...................................................................................................................................
Naming Conventions
235
7 Update Revision
...................................................................................................................................
History
236
8 System Event
...................................................................................................................................
Log
247
Index
250
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Part
I
2
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
1
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
1.1
General Overview
S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor [Currently at release 1.43] (also referred to as SMARTMon-UX for UNIX, and SMARTMon
for Windows in this document) is part of the SANTOOLS family of utility programs that monitors your disk hardware
with the goal of identifying disks that have a strong possibility of crashing. This provides you a window of opportunity
to gracefully remove data from a failing disk and take it off-line ... Before your disk drive takes you off-line.
The SANTOOLS family of programs allows you to access the predictive failure functionality native to most disk drives.
This hardware feature is called S.M.A.R.T., which stands for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology.
IBM, Seagate, Fujitsu, Quantum, Western Digital, and other drive manufacturers put this feature into their disk drives.
Typical attributes that are monitored include head flying height, temperature, spin-up time, retries, and internal error
logs. If a drive is running outside of a vendor's specifications, then our software alerts your administrator.
Note: Throughout this manual, when we use the acronym SCSI, we are not implying only parallel-SCSI. Our software
works with serial SCSI devices as well. More common serial SCSI interfaces include Fibre Channel (FC), Serial
Storage Architecture (SSA), Serial Attached SCSI (SAS), Fire wire(FW), and iSCSI. In addition, we support SATA /
ATA disk drives under LINUX, Windows, Apple OSX, and SPARC Solaris
The same goes for ATA. With the advent of serial ATA, then we must differentiate between serial ATA (SATA) and
parallel ATA (PATA). Unless we specifically mention SATA or PATA, this manual will just use the ATA acronym.
And finally, this software is not just for disk drives. Many tape drives have a SMART-like feature called TapeAlert 148 ,
which can be enabled and monitored with this software. Intelligent enclosures, auto changers, tape libraries, and even
SCSI printers can be configured and monitored with this software. We can even drill down inside several FC-based
RAID engines and provide detailed information.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854. All rights reserved.
1.2
Hardware & Software Requirements
Hardware Requirements
SMARTMon-UX supports SCSI, Fibre Channel, USB, Fire wire (IEEE 1384), ATAPI, SAS, and IBM SSA peripherals
which are physically connected to your system. It will not monitor or discover remote disk drives attached by a network
interface. It will, however, support fibre channel disk drives attached via a storage area network through a hub or
switch.
In addition, the LINUX 32, LINUX 64, OS X, SPARC Solaris, and Windows-family operating systems support IDE
(ATA & SATA) disk drives.
If you have a fibre channel enclosure that supports SCSI Enclosure Services (SES), SMARTMon-UX can be
configured to also monitor the enclosure and it's components.
Software Requirements
SMARTMon-UX for LINUX supports LINUX kernels 2.4 through 2.6. Our LINUX development/test platforms use Red
Hat distributions, but there are no known issues with non-Red Hat LINUX distributions. Both 32-bit X86, 64-bit IA64
(Itanium), and EMT_64 (also called X86_64) versions exist. Our test environment for LINUX is RedHat, and while we
have no known issues with other LINUX variants, it would be unwise to document that we support all versions of
LINUX.
SMARTMon-UX for AIX supports AIX 5.0 and above.
SMARTMon-UX for HP-UX supports HP-UX version 10.x and 11.x using the PA-RISC architecture.
SMARTMon-UX for HP-UX/Itanium supports HP-UX version 11.x on Intel Itanium-family servers.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
3
SMARTMon-UX for SPARC Solaris supports Solaris versions 2.7 and above. (Version 2.6 may still work, but we no
longer test on that platform)
SMARTMon-UX for HP's Tru64 requires version 5.1 (but may run on previous versions depending on your hardware).
SMARTMon-UX for i86 Solaris (for Intel and compatible processors) supports Solaris versions 2.7 and above.
SMARTMon-UX for IRIX supports IRIX versions 6.5 and above. It will probably work on previous versions of IRIX, but
we have not tested it in older revisions of the operating system.
SMARTMon-UX for UNIXWARE supports UNIXWARE version 7.0 and above. This release is not in general
availability.
SMARTMon-UX for Windows supports Microsoft Windows(TM) Windows XP, Windows 2003, Vista (32 and 64-bit)
and Windows 2008. Windows 7 is under test as of Oct 31 2009.
TM
SMARTMon-UX for 64-bit Windows supports the Itanium and X86_64 builds for 64-bit Windows XP, 64-bit Windows
2003, and 64-bit Vista and Windows 2008.
SMARTMon-UX for Apple OS X supports Version 10.2.3 (Jaguar) and above. In addition, it will only monitor and
detect fibre channel devices attached to the Astera Technologies "Rhino" fibre channel HBA, using drivers that were
created after January 20th, 2003. IDE (ATA) disk drive support was added in release 1.28. There is no support for
SCSI devices.
SMARTMon-UX for Apple OS X (Intel) Supports 10.5.0 and above. This only supports ATA/SATA disks due to
Apple's inane stance that prevents vendors from sending pass-through commands to SCSI/Fibre channel peripherals
without writing device-specific drivers.
SMARTMon-UX for OpenVMS (originally called VMS) supports VMS 7.2 and above. Versions exist for both the Alpha
and Itanium platforms.
Other operating systems will be added, based on end user requests.
Runtime Requirements
As this software can allow administrators to not only monitor their peripherals, but reprogram mode pages, we
programmatically require that the software is run from root, or as superuser.
If you are running Windows XP, or 2003, then you must run it from a user with administrative privileges or as a
windows service program. (The program will run as a windows service as of release 1.29). The software is
UAC-aware.
Apple OS X users may either run the program from root, or use sudo.
The SNIA HBA API Library is supported under AIX, HP-UX, Windows, LINUX, and SPARC Solaris. We bundle two
executables with the distribution, one that requires the API to be installed on your host, the other neither uses nor
requires it.
1.3
Principles of Operation
General Initialization Phase:
· Test to make sure program is run from root (superuser). If you are running the Windows release, then the test is to
make sure you have administrative privileges, or was installed as a windows service.
· Read and parse Command-Line Operations 16 . If no list of devices is supplied to the program at invocation, it will
launch a discovery to identify all devices that are currently attached.
Device Discovery:
Once the program authenticates the user for sufficient privilege to run the program, it parses the command options. If
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
4
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
the operator supplies the program with a list of devices to run against, the program builds that list and issues the
commands to verify that the devices exist and are not offline. If no list of devices is supplied, the software will initiate
a device discovery. This discovery can take several seconds up to over a minute if you have a large UNIX
configuration.
If your system's peripheral configuration is rather static, you should bypass the discovery by supplying a list of devices
to the program, and modify any scripts you have created to use a hard list of devices.
Device Initialization Phase (IBM AIX):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by issuing "lsdev | grep Available | cut -f 1 -d ' ' |
grep -e disk -e cd -e sas -e ses".
Device Initialization Phase (Apple OS X 10.2.3 and higher):
· This software supports fibre channel devices using the AsteraTech fibre channel HBA only. The drivers must be
dated after February 15th, 2003, as that is when they released drivers that communicate with our software. There
is no support for SCSI peripherals.
· ATA devices are scanned by enumerating the BSD /dev names. If the device is an IDE (SATA or ATA) disk drive, it
will be added to the list for processing.
· We build a numeric list of device candidates by performing direct pass-through calls to the AsteraTech driver, and
requesting that it returns information for every fibre channel device it discovers on all controllers and ports. This list
is a numeric list that starts from 0.
· As only fibre-channel devices are supported, no scanning for parallel SCSI, fire wire, or ATA devices is performed.
Device Initialization Phase (HP-UX):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by issuing the /sbin/ioscan -FknC disk and /sbin/ioscan
-FknC tape commands, along with enumerating devices in the /dev/rscsi directory.
Device Initialization Phase (IRIX):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by searching for /hw/scsi entries and parsing out the SCSI and
fibre channel disk entries which are returned. Then it appends the list with tapes using the wildcard
/hw/tape/*nrs. The program continues in the same way that the LINUX release does, as described earlier in
this section.
Device Initialization Phase (LINUX):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by issuing the /sbin/sfdisk command and parsing out entries
beginning with /dev/s. Then it appends the first SCSI tape device, /dev/st0. IDE devices are detected by
scanning /dev/hda through /dev/hdl. (This is not done if SMARTMon-ux is invoked with a list of specific disks
to monitor).
· For each IDE disk device discovered: (/dev/hda ... /dev/hdl)
· Device information is read and stored.
· If the disk has S.M.A.R.T. firmware capability, it is enabled. Otherwise the program reports that it cannot enable
it for the specific device.
· Initial S.M.A.R.T. values and thresholds are read to establish a baseline.
· Drive information is displayed and placed into log file in format specified in command-line operations or
defaults.
· For each SCSI (or Fibre channel or SSA device found):
· Two SCSI Inquiries are issued. The first is a standard inquiry. The second is an inquiry on an optional
vendor-specific page to determine the device's unique serial number. (The SCSI specification unfortunately
does not require disks to report a serial number programmatically).
· If the manufacturer is listed as "Promise", the card is an IDE-based Promise RAID controller. SMARTMon-ux
issues the vendor-specific commands to extract make model and serial number information for the drives which
make the Promise RAID-0 or RAID-1 data set. (Promise RAID controllers do not support S.M.A.R.T. polling).
· If the disk has S.M.A.R.T. firmware capability, it is enabled. Otherwise the program reports that it cannot enable
it for the selected device. Note also that SCSI devices support a performance bit which is a S.M.A.R.T. setting
that lets the drive run internal S.M.A.R.T. diagnostics without interrupting data flow. If you are in a
high-throughput environment such as video streaming, you should invoke this program with the -P 19 option.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
5
Not all disk drives support the performance bit (also known as PERF bit). SMARTMon will let the user know if
there is a problem setting this value.
The S.M.A.R.T. polling interval is the internal interval programmed into the disk drive. This is set to 10 minutes,
unless changed via the command line option -F 18 .
The disk is checked to see if it supports optional SMART and temperature reporting log pages. If so, they are
read to establish a baseline.
Device information is displayed and placed into log file in format specified in command-line operations or
defaults. Since SCSI and Fibre channel support devices other than disk drives, all devices discovered are
reported. Of course, only disk drives with non-removable media are monitored.
If a disk supports SES (SCSI Enclosure Services), it marks the drive as one which might be capable of
communicating with a SES enclosure, provided the -E 37 flag is set.
Note: The LINUX operating system has a hard limit of 4KB worth of data that can be sent to a /dev/sd* driver.
The 4KB limitation will only affect operations such as reading an extremely long log page (which would typically
be vendor/device specific), or reading a long defect list (using the -Y) command. If you prefer, as of release
1.21, you can also interact with a peripheral that uses the /dev/sg type driver. Our code will allow up to a
64KB transfer, provided your LINUX kernel allows it. We did not design this software to use the sg class driver
as LINUX has no reliable method to insure a successful cross-reference to a physical device. Whenever you
system boots, it will assign sg class drivers in any order it wishes. We suggest you do not use sg class drivers
unless specifically told to use them because a particular command failed.
(Added in 1.23D) The program now insures I/O will be sent to any device specifically entered on the
command-line. This was done to facilitate discovery of devices behind Intel and other's zero-channel
RAID cards, which generally report the back-end disks under device /dev/sg type drivers. I.e., if you
enter ./smartmon-ux -I /dev/sda /dev/sg0 /dev/sg[3-5], then it will poll /dev/sga, /dev/sg0, /dev/sg3,
/dev/sg4, and /dev/sg5. This may result in a duplicate entry as /dev/sda would normally be mapped to
/dev/sg0, but this is only way to detect disks masked by a RAID engine.
Important: The LINUX operating system is in process of phasing out support for pass-through SCSI
commands to /dev/sd class drivers, so even though this software allows you to perform most actions
on a particular device using the /dev/sd class driver, you need to get in habit of using /dev/sg class
driver.
Device Initialization Phase (SPARC and Intel Solaris):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by searching the /dev/rdsk/*s0, /dev/es, /dev/osa/dev/rdsk/*s0,
/dev/rmt/*mn, /dev/scsi/*/* directories and parsing out the SCSI and fibre channel device and enclosure which are
valid. It will also report whether a disk is an IDE device, and if it will have to be skipped.
Device Initialization Phase (Tru64):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by searching the wild-cards: /devices/disk/*disk*a,
/devices/disk/cdrom?a, /devices/tape/tape? and /devices/changer/?.
Device Initialization Phase (VMS):
· The program builds a list of device candidates by issuing the SHOW DEVICES command, then tossing any device
that has a "$" character in it. Then it examines the remaining entries and ignores them unless they show as having
an online or mounted state.
Device Initialization Phase (Microsoft Windows® family operating systems):
· The program searches for assigned physical disks at \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE0 through \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE127. This
will result in discovering all disk drives which have been assigned a drive letter. It then searches for unconfigured
devices by searching the list of \\.\SCSI0 - \\.\SCSI16. Other devices are discovered \\.\TAPE0 - \\.\TAPE15,
\\.\SCANNER0 - \\.\SCANNER7, then \\.\CDROM0 ..\\.\CDROM15.
· We addressed a serious bug that prevented some devices from being discovered if attached to Emulex LP9002,
and some JNI HBAs, depending on the driver levels. The problem was that these controllers/drivers might map
more than one device to a \\.\SCSI type driver. Because of this, we now also query the host adapters to discover
devices under all ports, paths, IDs, and LUNs for a particular \\.\SCSI class driver. A device appearing on SCSI2 at
Port2, target ID 18, LUN 3 and path0 would be referenced as \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target18Lun3. Please see the
device naming conventions 235 topic for additional details.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
6
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
· If the O/S indicates there are LUNs, then they are added to the device list as well.
· Finally IDE disks and ATAPI (CDROMs) are discovered and added to the table if found.
· UAC and appropriate manifest information was added in 1.35 to insure native compatibility with Windows Vista and
Windows 2008.
Device Polling:
After all devices have been discovered, they will be polled at a configurable interval. If none is supplied, all disks will
be polled every 10 minutes. This is the recommended value defined by the S.M.A.R.T. specification. IDE drives are
polled first (if LINUX), then the SCSI disks. Tapes or devices with removable medium are not polled. In the case of
IDE disk drives, SMARTMon requests the status result of the internal S.M.A.R.T. diagnostic registers that are
constantly being updated during idle times and I/Os by the disk drives themselves. SMARTMon-UX does NOT
instruct the disk to run a diagnostic test at the current polling interval. It asks the IDE disk what it's S.M.A.R.T. status
is at the time of the poll.
If the device is not an IDE disk, SMARTMon-UX instructs the disk drive to read a block of data into the bit bucket to
initiate a S.M.A.R.T. error notification. It also checks the SMART log page and temperature pages, if the disk is
equipped with them.
If an error is found (which would indicate a degrading condition, and impending drive failure), a message is logged in
the system log file, /vary/log/messages, using the standard UNIX syslog facility. In addition, if EMAIL is enabled
and configured on your LINUX system, an email is sent to the address specified. If the operator invoked
SMARTMon-UX with the -L option, these messages will be found in the file, /vary/log/smartmon-ux.
If no errors are found, an S.M.A.R.T. test passed message is logged to syslog as well. All messages contain a
time-date stamp, and reference smartmon-ux as the program creating the message.
SES Enclosure Polling:
If the device is in an SES enclosure (applicable to fibre channel host-attached enclosures only), the program must first
determine if it may be used to communicate with the SES electronics embedded in the intelligent enclosure. This must
be done because not all disks may have this capability, as defined by the particular make and model of enclosure.
If SMARTMon determines that the selected device can not communicate with the enclosure, it marks the drive
accordingly, and it does not attempt to communicate again.
If the disk can access the SES status registers, the software retrieves them and parses status information. If the
status shows there is a problem, the software reports the problem in the manner selected by the software's installer.
SES polling will only be done if the -E command-line option is specified on the command line.
SAF-TE Enclosure Polling:
SAF-TE enclosures will always have a unique SCSI ID and LUN associated with them and appear as a SCSI
processor type device. If SMARTMon determines that the device is a processor-type, it will determine if it is a SAF-TE
enclosure by sending the appropriate commands and parse the output.
If SMARTMon determines that the selected device is a SAF-TE enclosure, it will mark it as pollable and will poll it if
the -E option is specified on the command line. Otherwise the device will not be polled.
SAF-TE polling will only be done if the -E command-line option is specified on the command line.
Threshold Monitoring:
When the program is invoked with the -W option, and a corresponding user-defined threshold file, it loads them into
the program's memory so they will not have to be re-loaded. As thresholds are loaded, the program determines the
minimum common polling frequency to examine thresholds. (See Threshold Monitoring 158 and Threshold
Configuration 158 sections for details).
At the defined polling period, the program scans through the list of thresholds for a device that needs polling and is
on-line. It issues a Log Sense command to the device for the page holding the required information. The resulting
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
7
value is compared against the user-defined threshold. If the value read is greater than or equal to the threshold, the
appropriate action (email, event log, and/or user-defined script) is taken.
The process continues until all thresholds have been examined. The program sleeps until the next polling period.
Windows Service Program Startup
As of release 1.29, the windows version of the software can be installed and run as a standard NT service program
which, by default, will be configured to auto-launch at boot time.
1.3.1
Return Codes
SMARTMon-UX has standardized return codes (Windows users may know them better as error levels) that are
returned to a calling program as the program exits. The codes are as follows:
Number
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
11
12
13
15
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
33
254
255
Name
NORMAL_RETURN
FATAL_EXIT
INVALID_PARAM
UNSUPPORTED
INSUFFICIENT
TEST_MESSAGE
EMAIL_UNCONF
SCRUB_C_ERROR
SCRUB_T_ERR
SCRUB_T_NOTUNIQ
Description
Normal return code if no problems found with command.
Generic exit code indicating command syntax error.
Syntax error, but denotes invalid parameter for a command.
Command unsupported for the selected device.
Insufficient O/S resources to perform desired action.
Test error message generated.
Email attempted, but settings not configured properly.
Scrub-family test completed, but with errors.
Scrub-family test terminated early due to error(s).
Scrub-family test terminated, pattern on disk is not random, disk has not
been erased
WS_TERMINATED_ERR Write same command terminated with errors
Similar to INVALID_PARAM, but parameters were determined to be invalid
TERMINATED
at runtime
Windows-specific service routine general error.
SERVICE_ERR
Terminated, command not supported on a SANtool device
TERMINATED_UNSAN
Action terminated by user (CTRL-C or killed, or quit)
ABORTEDBYUSER
CEMI_FLASHCHECK
Used specifically for Xyratex enclosures in event SES firmware image is
rejected.
TERMINATED_OPERATO (Reserved for use with SANtool)
R
TERMINATED_SIGNAL
Catch-all return code if program exits due to a reason other than above
EXITED_FLOATINGPOINT (Reserved in event host/OS has floating point library error) - Please contact
SANtools if this error appears.
Terminated, program unsupported on this hardware
TERMINATED_SAN
SANTOOLS_CODE_1
Indicates programmer error. This is an error you should never get, but if you
do, please forward it to us immediately.
SANTOOLS_CODE_2
Indicates programmer error. This is an error you should never get, but if you
do, please forward it to us immediately.
These return codes are of value if you script SMARTMon-UX and wish to implement conditional logic based on their
values. See the documentation on the -scrub 120 family of commands to see the return codes that are passed back
to the calling program in response to the command-line options 16 sent to the peripheral(s).
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
8
1.4
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Installing & Configuring
To install the program under a UNIX or LINUX operating system:
1. Log in as root. (If you are on an apple, you may also just preface the below commands with sudo).
2. Enter mkdir <target directory> For purposes of example, we will assume you have set the target directory
to be /tmp/SMARTMon-UX.
3. Enter cd /tmp/SMARTMon-UX
4. Enter tar xvf SMARTMon-UX.tar
5. Enter rm SMARTMon-UX.tar
At this point, your program is extracted and now needs to be configured so it will automatically run at boot time. To do
this, enter ./configure at the prompt. This script performs the following:
·
·
·
·
Sets file permissions.
Copies the program image to /etc/smartmon-ux, the designated program location.
Asks you where you want to optionally install this HTML documentation.
Asks you if you want to make the software automatically start at boot time, and if so, runs you through your desired
configuration options.
If you plan on using the EMAIL facility, you should test it first. If your email address was david@xyz.com, invoke
SMARTMon-UX with smartmon-ux -T david@xyz.com
If your host has email properly configured, you would receive a test message. If you do not receive it, please contact
your UNIX system administrator and have him/her assist you with configuring email services.
If you are running LINUX, you would use the linuxconf command. Then click on the sendmail configuration section,
and follow the prompts. If you need assistance configuring sendmail, you should view one of the many tutorials and
FAQ's on the http://www.redhat.com site.
Other operating systems have web-based tutorials and mail configuration scripts as well.
To install the program under Windows family operating systems:
This software is light-weight and does not use an installer. By convention, copy the executable to \Program
Files\SANtools\SMARTMonUX subdirectory. The license file, .smartmon-uxlicense.txt that accompanies
your build must be copied to the same directory. Once the two files have been copied, launch a MS-DOS command
window and enter, smartmon-ux -I. This will instruct the program to scan and report connected peripherals, and load
the value in the license file into your registry. Once that has been done, you are free to run the software from any
mounted device your computer can access.
Note that there IS a leading period in the license file.
To install the program under VMS / OpenVMS:
Copy the program to any directory on the system that has system privileges, along with the your license key file
SMARTMON.LIC.
1.4.1
SMTP Mail Server Configuration
This feature is specific for Windows family operating systems. If you are using a UNIX or LINUX variant of the
software, you need only to configure sendmail, postfix, or whatever default mailer you have on the system. That is
because the UNIX/LINUX variants send mail by simply launching the mail or mailx program and passing it the subject,
message, and email address(es).
Configuration Commands
When you launch the program with the -Mail option (smartmon-ux -Mail), it returns with a list of options. The
program will not launch into the background, and it will not monitor hardware. The purpose of this mode is to provide a
means to have the program manage mail account settings, which are stored in the system registry. The program will
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
9
terminate once the user has exited this function.
This section of the documentation makes frequent use of screen snapshots. All computer-generated output is shown
in blue, and all entered text is shown in red.
# smartmon-ux -Mail
Command (Enter ? for help): ?
?: Help
S: Select mail server account
A: Add new mail server account
V: View all mail server accounts
U: Unconfigure selected mail server account
M: Modify settings for selected mail server account
D: Define default mail server account when running smartmon-ux as a service
Q: Quit and exit program
Command (Enter ? for help):
Option S - Select Mail Server Account
This function is used to select a configured SMTP server from a list of available servers. The selected server will be
marked by an '*'. This function does nothing unless there are at least two servers defined. The program does not
allow you to select an account that is numerically out-of-range.
Option V - View all Mail Server Accounts
This displays all defined thresholds for all devices. The devices do not have to be on-line or attached to your system.
However, if they are not attached to your system, you will not be able to make any modifications to them.
Command (Enter ? for help): V
ID SMTPServer
--- -----------------------------* 0 smtp.xyz.com
1 smtp.myhomeaccount.com
2 smtp.myhomeaccount.com
3 smtp.xyz.local
EMAIL Address
---------------------fred@xyz.com (Configured)
a342@myhomeaccount.com
a342@myhomeaccount.com
fred@xyz.local (Configured)
Command (Enter ? for help): S
Select Device (0) : 1
This SMTP server an account is NOT configured.
Note that the (*) indicates the currently selected device. By default, the first discovered device will always be selected.
An EMAIL account is configured once all of the keys and strings defined by the registry settings 10 table have been
entered. If the particular account requires authentication, you will not be able to send mail to the desired SMTP
server, unless you configure it with the Modify Settings 9 function.
Option U - Unconfigure Selected Mail Server Account
If the mail server account was added by this software, this function will remove the settings completely from the
registry. If, however, the account was already in the registry and associated with some other mail package like
Outlook, only the registry entries shown in the table 10 will be removed. This will not affect the operation of other
email programs.
Option M - Modify Settings for Selected Mail Server
While you can change authentication-related information, you are not allowed to change the mail server with this
function. The selected server is the one that is marked with the '*' as shown in the view all mail servers 9 function.
The default value is shown to the right of the field prompt.
If you enter "none" for the SMTP Authorization type field, this will instruct the software that this email server does not
need user name/password authentication.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
10
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Command (Enter ? for help): M
SMTP Server (example: smtp.xyzcorp.com) () : smtp.xyz.com
SMTP mail port (25) : 25
Your email address (example: david@xyzcorp.com) (fred@xyz.com) : fred2@xyz.com
SMTP Authorization type (plain, md5-cram ,login, or none) (login) :
SMTP server user name (fred) :
SMTP server password (asfg2ls&&) :
Are you sure (Enter Y to save new settings, Q to quit, anything else to re-enter changes: Y
Option A - Add New Mail Server Account
The text blow shows what would typically have to be entered to create a new SMTP account.
Command (Enter ? for help): A
Enter email server and account information below. Your sysadmin should know the proper settings to use.
SMTP Server (example: smtp.xyzcorp.com) (smtp.myisp.com) : smtp.stealthmailer.com
SMTP mail port (25) : 25
SMTP Authentication type (plain, md5-cram ,login, or none) () : login
SMTP server authentication user name, RETURN to leave blank () : jerry
SMTP server authentication password, RETURN to leave blank () : yadayada
Your email address (example: jerry@xyzcorp.com) () : jerry@stealthmailer.com
Are you sure (Enter Y or y, anything else lets you try again):
Option D - Define default Mail Server Account when Running as a Service
The text blow shows what would typically have to be entered to create a new SMTP account.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are the registry settings, and can I make them manually?
The software makes the following registry additions under HKEY_CURRENT_USER using the key
\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\000000nn, where hh is a 2-character hex
number ranging from 00 to 40 decimal. As this is the same place where Microsoft Outlook and other programs store
email account information, the program can typically pick up some good default information.
The new values except SMTP Port are all defined as type REG_SZ (string value) and are shown in the table below.
SMTP Port is defined as REG_DWORD
Field Name
Usage
Example
login
SMARTMON-A
Authentication Method (plain, none,
md5-cram, or login)
SMARTMON-C
Y or N, depending on whether or not Y
account configured & active
SMARTMON-U
User name required for email servers johnsdi1
that require authentication
SMARTMON-P
Password required for email servers pencil
that require authentication
john@xyz.com
SMTP Email Address
Valid email address that is where
messages will be "from".
0x00000019 (25)
SMTP Port
SMTP port number required by mail
server
smtp.xyz.com
Fully qualified domain and machine
SMTP Server
name of mail server
If the particular SMTP server account you are using already exists in the registry, the fields required by SANTOOLS
will be added. The new fields will not affect any email accounts you may already have set up on your machine, but if
you delete email accounts that have later been configured with the -Mail option, you should run the -Mail function
again to make any necessary changes.
2. How do you instruct the program to use the appropriate mail server account?
Invoke the program with the -N 19 option to select the appropriate SMTP account. If you have more than one email
account on your machine for a given SMTP server, the program will use the FIRST match it finds in the registry.
3. Must accounts be marked as "configured"?
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
11
Generally this is the case. Unless you use this function to select and modify email servers and accounts, the email
server may reject the message.
4. What happens if there are more than one email accounts set up for a particular SMTP server?
The software will use the first entry (lowest number) it finds that matches the SMTP server which was supplied via the
command-line when the program was launched.
5. Does the software do any validation of settings before attempting to send mail?
No. You may, however, test the E-Mail settings after you have set up the account by using the -T function
generate a sample alert.
1.4.2
11
to
Testing Predictive Failure Alerts and Actions
In the event of a disk-related predictive failure, the program initiates the following actions in this order:
1.
2.
3.
It sends a message in your host operating systems's standard event log. If you invoked the program with the -L
19 option, the message is appended to a flat text file instead.
If you invoked the program with the -M 19 option, the software will send the event information to the appropriate
email address that was supplied with the -M command. Windows users will also need to pre-configure the SMTP
settings by using the -Mail 9 command, and also supply the -N flag on the command-line which specifies the IP
name of the mail server you wish to use. UNIX//LINUX users need not worry about specifying the SMTP server
on the command-line. This is because the software invokes the standard mail or mailx program on your host O/S,
which uses the default SMTP server that was configured by your system administrator.
If the -LB 13 option was added to the command-line, the final step is that the software launches the program or
script or batch (.BAT) file that was supplied with the -LB command. It passes that file information about the
physical device name, make/model information, and the event log data. Your application can either use or ignore
that information. It is important to note that smartmon-ux will SUSPEND itself until the program completes. For
testing purposes, you should use a simple program that returns quickly and makes it quite obvious that it worked.
You may concurrently test email, event logging, and auto launch programs by appending the -T command with any
combination of -M, -L, and -LB flags.
Testing E-MAIL Configuration (Windows Users Only)
If you are running a Windows-family operating system, you must first configure the SMTP E-Mail settings by using the
-Mail 8 command. This function is an interactive one that will allow you to add/change/unconfigure email accounts
on your system.
Once you have configured the settings, send a test message by entering something like:
smartmon-ux -T somebody@somewhere.com -N smtp.yourcompany.com
somebody@somewhere.com is who you want to send the message to, and smtp.yourcompany.com is the IP
name of the mail server that your system administrator has set up to use.
If there is an error, an appropriate message will usually be returned which can assist with resolving the problem.
Here are some sample error messages. Note, if you add a physical device path to a disk drive, this will prevent your
host from scanning and reporting all physical devices on your system before testing mail.
C:\Program Files\SANTOOLS>smartmon-ux -T bogusaddress@mycompany.com -N invalidipname.mycompany.com
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.29, Build 4-AUG-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Fatal error from smartmon-ux recorded at 8/4/2005 19:15:23 PM
Program Halted.
You have supplied a SMTP server but have not configured the settings. Enter smartmon-ux -Mail to configure
it.
C:\Program Files\SANTOOLS>smartmon-ux -T myemailaddress@mycompany.com -N smtp.mycompany.com
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE0
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.29, Build 4-AUG-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HITACHI_DK23EA-60 S/N "JP7348" on \\.\PhysicalDrive0 (SMART Enabled)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
12
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
\\.\PhysicalDrive0 polled at Thu Aug 04 19:20:52 2005 Status:FAILED - Failure imminent (THIS IS A TEST)
No response from SMTP server smtp.mycompany.com
C:\Program Files\SANTOOLS>smartmon-ux -T david@santools.com -N smtp.sanmanager.local \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE0
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.29, Build 6-AUG-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HITACHI_DK23EA-60 S/N "JP7348" on \\.\PhysicalDrive0 (SMART Enabled)
\\.\PhysicalDrive0 polled at Sat Aug 06 23:22:13 2005 Status:FAILED - Failure imminent (THIS IS A TEST)
SMTP Error "SMTP server error response" 535 5.7.3 Authentication unsuccessful.
Some problems may never get back to you like if you sent a message to a non-existent email address. This is
because many system administrators no longer send bounce-back messages due to the abuses of spammers. It may
also take up to 60 seconds for an error message to come back, depending on the type of problem you have and mail
server settings.
Testing E-MAIL Configuration (UNIX/LINUX and non-Windows Operating Systems)
SMARTMON-UX sends messages by passing them to a native mailer which does all of the work. This mail program is
called mailx on Solaris, HP/UX, IRIX, TRU64 and FreeBSD. Solaris, AIX, LINUX, UNIXWARE, and OS X use the
program mail. Your operating system must first be configured to work with these programs.
Consult your operating system's documentation for the proper use of mail and mailx, and send a test message using
this program. If the test message is successfully received, you can try to send a message from within SMARTMon-UX
.
Enter:
/etc/smartmon-ux -T somebody@somewhere.com (substitute the email address with your own) and you
should receive the message. Note that only windows users have to use the -N 19 flag to specify a mail server.
Testing Auto-Launch Program
In order to test the program's ability to spawn a program in the event of a predictive failure, invoke the program with
the -T option, and add -LB ProgramName 13 where you substitute ProgramName for your application. As
SMARTMon-UX passes the auto-launch program parameters, you should test to see that they are being interpreted
correctly.
Auto launch Test Batch File (Windows)
1. Create the file c:\Program Files\Scratch Directory\MyApplicationTest.bat with the following
content:
@echo off
echo Successfully launched %0
echo Parameter#1 = %1
echo Parameter#2 = %2
echo Parameter#3 = %3
echo Parameter#4 = %4
echo Returning with exit code 1234
exit 1234
2. CD to where the program was installed.
3. (Optional) Enter smartmon-ux -T -LB C:\Program Files\Scratch Directory\MyApplicationTest
You will get an error message that tells you to use the short filename for the auto launch program because of the
imbedded space you have in "Program Files". The message will also tell you to use the DIR /X command to
learn the short file name.
4. Enter smartmon-ux -T -LB C:\Progra~1\Scratch Directory\MyApplicationTest.bat
The output should be similar to:
C:\Program Files\SMARTMon>smartmon-ux -T -LB C:\Progra~1\Scratch Directory\MyApplicationTest.bat
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.29, Build 6-AUG-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HITACHI_DK23EA-60 S/N "JP7348" on \\.\PhysicalDrive0 (SMART Enabled)
\\.\PhysicalDrive0 polled at Sat Aug 06 13:59:07 2005 Status:FAILED - Failure imminent (THIS IS A TEST)
Successfully launched D:\Progra~1\Scratch Directory\MyApplicationTest.BAT
Parameter#1 = "\\.\PhysicalDrive0"
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
13
Parameter#2 = "HITACHI_DK23EA-60"
Parameter#3 = "JP73338"
Parameter#4 = "\\.\PhysicalDrive0 polled at Sat Aug 06 13:59:07 2005 Status:FAILED - Failure imminent (THIS
IS A TEST)"
Returning with exit code 1234
Launched batch file "C:\Progra~1\Scratch Directory\MyApplicationTest.BAT" which returned user-defined value
1234
C:\Program Files\SMARTMon>
You will note that the path, make/model of the "defective" disk, serial number, and full text message is passed to the
MyApplicationTest batch file, along with the return code. SMARTMon-UX currently ignores he return code, except in
cases where the program failed to launch.
Auto launch Test Batch File (UNIX Family)
The process test is similar to windows.
1. Create a test file called /tmp/MyApplicationTest.sh The contents can be:
#!/bin/sh
echo "Parameter#1 =" "$1"
echo "Parameter#1 =" "$2"
echo "Parameter#1 =" "$3"
echo "Parameter#1 =" "$4"
exit 1234
2. Enter chmod 744 /tmp/MyApplicationTest.sh
3. Enter /etc/smartmon-ux -T -LB /tmp/MyApplicationTest.sh
The MyApplicationTest.sh script will execute in the same manner as the windows batch file, and return similar
output.
Testing Event Log Entries
If you invoke the program with both the -T and the -L flag, a sample alert message will be logged to the smartmon-ux
flat log file 19 . Otherwise, the software will log a test message in the standard Application Event Log on Windows
machines or via the standard syslog mechanism.
1.4.3
Auto-Launching Program After Predictive Failure
This feature, introduced in build 1.29, allows you to specify a program and path that will be launched in the event of a
predictive drive failure (S.M.A.R.T. Error).
In order to specify the program you wish to launch, add to the command-line, -LB ProgramName, where
ProgramName is the fully qualified file name of the program or script/batch file that you wish to launch.
SMARTMon-UX will suspend processing until this program either completes or is terminated. (This is by design, as it
prevents a predictive failure on subsequent polling cycles to re-launch the same script in perpetuity).
Auto-Launch Parameters Passed to Spawned Process
SMARTMon-UX will supply the auto-launch program several variables which can be used to control the action of the
desired program. The parameters are, in order:
1. Physical Device Path ("\\.\PhysicalDrive0", "/dev/sd0", or anything else appropriate for your O/S)
2. Make/Model of Disk ("HITACHI_DK23EA-60")
3. Serial Number of Disk ("JP73339")
4. Full error/warning message("\\.\PhysicalDrive0 polled at Sat Aug 06 13:59:07 2005 Status:FAILED Failure imminent")
Implementation Note
If your auto-launch program is something that takes considerable time and overhead, like a backup program, you
would want to insure that the backup program is not run again during the next polling cycle. In order to prevent this,
you may wish to terminate a successful backup with a command that requires operator intervention or just terminates
smartmon-ux. For example, Windows users might wish to end the auto-launch program with the PAUSE command
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
14
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
which suspends processing of a script and waits for keyboard input. (The shell script equivalent of PAUSE is read). As
this prevents your script from completing without operator intervention, it suspends SMARTMon-UX as well.
Instructions and sample output for testing the autolaunch program
After Predictive Failure Section 13
12
can be found in the Auto-Launching Program
You may combine this auto-launch feature with other alerting mechanisms, such as the -M to send out E-Mail alerts
and the -L option that facilitates saving event information in a flat file.
Testing Auto-Launch
Please consult the chapter, Testing Predictive Failure Alerts and Actions
1.4.4
11
.
Running as a Windows Service
Release 1.29 introduced the ability to run the program and be managed as a standard Windows Service. When the
executable is invoked from the command-line prompt, it runs as a foreground application and sends all output to the
screen. When it is invoked from the Service Control Manager plug-in, as shown below, it can be launched as a
service routine. All monitoring information will normally be sent to the windows event log.
Service Management Functions
These functions manage the service routine. These functions should not be combined with other functions. All of
these functions return to the command-line prompt after they are executed.
Command
-servicehelp
Description
Displays help text specific to these functions
-serviceinstall This both installs the program as a standard system service and launches the application. If the
application is already installed, the service will be started. It will not re-install another executable
as a service. If you need to perform a re-install, you must first issue -servicestop 14 to stop the
service followed by a -serviceuninstall 14 . Then you may install the service.
This stops the service (if running), then uninstalls it.
serviceuninstal
l
Use the argument list to define the commands that the service routine will use when it is
serviceparamete launched as a service. This command should be run before you install the service, but it can be
entered at any time. The argument list will only be used when the service starts. If you change
rs [argument
the parameters, you must restart the program. It is important to note that the program does not
list]
perform any syntax checking or validation of parameters when running the -serviceparameters
function. You should enter -servicestatus a few minutes after launching the program to make
sure that it is running.
This stops the service. You must issue the -servicestart 14 to restart (or use the SCM Plugin
-servicestop
15 to restart the service).
This starts the service and instructs it to use the default parameters defined in the serviceparameters 14 function.
-servicestart
-servicestatus Reports status of the service routine (running, stopped, etc ...).
Step-by-Step - Launching the Service
1. Decide on the runtime parameters. This example sets parameters to poll all hardware every 5 minutes, suppress
event log entries if no errors are found, and send out an email to support@abc.com using the mail server smtp.abc.
com.
2. Configure authentication and mail server settings using the interactive command, -Mail 9 . Do this by entering
smartmon-ux -Mail 8 and configuring the settings.
3. Enter smartmon-ux -serviceparameters -F 300 -sq -M support@abc.com -N smtp.abc.com
At this point the service will be installed and running. If this is the first time you have used a certain set of parameters,
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
15
then you should check the windows event log to make sure that the program accepted the parameters and is running
as expected.
Parameters Supported when Running as a Service
Most of the polling commands are supported. These include -E, -F, -G, -i -link -L -LRemote -sq -M, -ping -X, and -zm.
The Service Control Manager Plug-In.
You may change the start-up type of the service routine to Manual if you do not want the program to automatically
launch at boot time.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
16
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Note: Significant logic changes were made in order to insure the program works under Vista and Windows 2008.
Registry entries for the service are saved in:
My Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\SANtools\SMARTMonUX
Using ServiceParameters key of type REG_SZ for the actual parameters.
1.5
Invoking & Command-Line Options
SMARTMon-UX may be invoked as follows:
smartmon-ux
smartmon-ux [options] [device_list] 22
smartmon-ux -h
(If you are on an Apple, you must either run from root or invoke the software with sudo, as in sudo ./smartmon-ux
[options] 17 [device_list] 22 )
If you launch smartmon-ux without any options, the program will discover and report all devices, enable S.M.A.R.T. on
all drives that support this feature, set the polling interval to 10 minutes, and run in the background. Status messages
be recorded in the system log file, unless overridden by using the -L option as described below. All command details
are below, listed in alphabetical order.
With only a few exceptions, all operating systems support all of these commands. The most notable exception is that
Windows platforms do not support the -O command, and that the -16 22 or -12 22 command may require a service
pack, kernel patch, or update.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Case-sensitive options (grouped alphabetically). Some commands, such as the -Mail
to certain operating systems.:
-A
function are specific
Displays a hex dump of all mode pages for all devices (or devices in device list) and
terminates the program.
Invokes the mode page editor feature to program revised mode page data for the selected
disk(s). The -C flag is used to tell the program to change the current settings, and the -S flag
instructs it to change the saved, or permanent settings. The saved settings will make the new
mode page non-volatile, so they will be in force when the disk goes through a power cycle.
The current mode page setting will be effective immediately and will be lost when the disk
recycles. Never change the S page unless you are 100% sure you know what you are doing,
as you could render your disk drive invisible to the operating system, or even cause data
loss.
79
-B C|S Hlist
8
17
79
The Hlist is the hexadecimal list of bytes that you want programmed into the disk. The
program checks for valid syntax and byte count, but it does not protect you against
programming the disk drive with settings which may be inappropriate for your particular
environment.
-bmsd 217
-bmse n 217
-bmsr 217
-capacity n
28
-capacitybs n
-confirm
-C 65
-Cx 66
-C+
68
-d
-E
37
-E+
37
-EF
37
-EH
37
-EPAMn 37
-EPAmn 37
-EPARn 37
-EPArn 37
28
Example smartmon-ux -B C 1A,A,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,8c,a0 /dev/sga would instruct the selected
disk to automatically spin down after 60 minutes of inactivity.
Disables background media scanning (Available on certain Seagate disk drives)
Enables background media scanning, and sets interval to n hours
Reports background media scanning state and provides detailed report
Reprograms / resizes the disk programmatically, so that it reports a user-defined capacity of
n blocks. Send -capacity 0 to reset the disk to maximum capacity.
Sets the block size of the device to n bytes.
Automatically responds "Y" to the are-you-sure type messages you get before running
potentially destructive functions.
Dump statistical device information (Log pages - in decoded ASCII text) see notes below
Dump statistical device information (Log pages - in decoded ASCII text). This is an improved
syntax that suppresses a trailing field that indicates the number of bytes that the peripheral
allocates to the field.
Same as the -C, only do brute-force log page discovery. Use this to force the program to
manually poll every possible log page. Use this for devices which have log pages that are not
reported due to the device not meeting ANSI compliance.
Specifies that the remainder of the command-line contains a device list and/or device wildcard expressions
Poll SES/SAF-TE information (fans, power supply, enclosure temperature), etc. This requires
your disks to be mounted in either a SES-compliant enclosure, or SAF-TE enclosure.
This is the verbose mode of the SES query. It displays additional details on many models of
enclosures that are vendor-specific extensions to the ANSI SES specification. If you are
addressing a SAF-TE enclosure, no additional information will be displayed.
Add this command to any -E family command to address situations where no SES data is
reported, but you *know* the enclosure supports SES. This instructs the program to perform
a brute-force SES discovery rather than query the enclosure's capability. As some enclosures
and enclosure firmware are not fully ANSI compliant, we were forced to add this command to
address the situation.
Print hex dump of all enclosure pages (includes both ANSI defined and vendor-specific
pages)
The "EP" functions allow you to program characteristics of your SES-enabled enclosure. Not
all SES enclosures support all of these commands. Further details on these commands can
be found in the section Enclosure Services Configurator 36 .
Mute audible alarm #n
Un-mute (turn on) audible alarm #n
Set alarm #n to reminder mode
Clear alarm #n from reminder mode
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
18
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
-EPATxn 37
-EPDFn 37
-EPDfn 37
-EPDIn 37
-EPDin 37
-EPLFn 37
-EPLfn 37
-EPLIn 37
-EPLin 37
-EPLRn 37
-EPLrn 37
-EPLSn 37
-EPLsn 37
-EP2ttnnwwxxyy
Set alarm tone urgency control for alarm #n to x, where x is hex value 0 - F
Enable visual fault indicator for device in slot #n
Disable visual fault indicator for device in slot #n
Identifies device in Slot #n
Disable identification for device in Slot #n
Enable visual fault indicator for array device in slot #n
Disable visual fault indicator for array device in slot #n
Identifies array device in Slot #n
Disable identification for array device in Slot #n
Enable visual rebuild indicator for array device in slot #n
Disable visual rebuild indicator for array device in slot #n
Enable visual remove indicator for array device in slot #n
Disable visual remove indicator for array device in slot #n
34
Provides complete programmability of all SES control page fields, whether ANSI defined or
vendor-unique. This sends bytes ww xx yy to SES control page 2, for element type tt,
element number nn. The section Enclosure Services Reprogramming 34 contains further
information. All command options must be 2-character hex numbers.
-F freq
Sets the default polling frequency from 600 seconds (10 minutes) to any number of seconds.
(This option can now be added in combination with dump-type options such as -I+ 54 to
cause program to wait until exiting. You would ordinarily need this under Windows only, if you
were using a .BAT script). Setting the freq 18 value to 0 instructs the program to poll once
and then exit.
-fc 128
Dumps additional fibre channel information (SAN discovery, frame-level statistics and errors,
fabric and switch information, etc...)
-fchbainfo 142
Report Fibre Channel HBA information (make, model, firmware, driver, etc...) and exit.
-fciostat 143 [options ...] [ <interval> ] [ <count> ]
Equivalent of UNIX iostat function, but for fibre channel
HBAs.
-fciostat 143 [ -help | -? ]
Reports option and usage info specific to this function
-fcping 140 WWN LUN [n]
Pings a fibre channel port WWN and LUN, n times. This will verify connectivity as
well as report return time in thousandths of a second. (If n=0, then ping indefinitely)
-flash FILE 47
Flash new firmware image saved in FILE.
-flashses 49
Flash firmware to SES-compatible enclosure
-flashses7 49
Flash firmware to SES-compatible enclosure (uses alternate "mode 7" technique, in event the
enclosure does not support -flashses command)
-format 50
Format disk (perform a low-level format / i.e., issue FORMAT UNIT command) to the
selected SAS/SCSI/FC/USB disk.
-formatb 52
Format disk (perform a low-level format / i.e., issue FORMAT UNIT command) to the
selected SAS/SCSI/FC/USB disk in background (most disks support this, the program will not
lock up and wait until the formatting has completed until it returns.
-formatconf 50
Disables the safety are-you-sure message when accompanied by a -format family
command.
-formatg 50
Same as the -format command, but this will instruct software to automatically clear the grown
defect list. You would generally accompany this with the -formatconf 50 command to
automate formatting within a script or batch file.
-G temp 157
Sets the thermal temperature warning in degrees Centigrade. If not specified, the default is
45 degrees.
-h
Displays all of the above usage information, and terminates the program. (Many UNIX shells
will substitute the ? character, so best to use this instead of -? 22 .
-H 67
Dump statistical device information (Log pages - full hex dump) see notes below
-H+ 67
Same as -H, above, but uses brute-force discovery of all log pages 0 - 3E. Added for devices
that do not properly report log page 0.
-HEALTH 67
General disk / tape health report (short format). No other command-line options are required.
-HEALTHFULL 67
Extended General disk / tape health report.
-i 63
International localization. Use this flag as part of any command-line to instruct the software to
display date/time fields in the format native to your particular country.
-I 57
Displays a hex dump of all inquiry information for all devices (or devices in device list) and
terminates the program. If the selected device uses a SCSI or Fibre Channel interface, this is
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
-I+
54
-IS
-J
80
-K
-L
158
-LRemote Host
248
-LB <Scriptfile>
-link
63
-Mail
8
-M <EMAIL>
-mpexport FILE
95
-mpimport FILE
98
-N SMTPAcct
-O
-P
74
-p
78
-pp
78
-ping
-Q
102
-random n
19
the standard SCSI inquiry output. If the disk is an IDE disk, the resulting output is from the
Identify Device command.
This is the verbose mode of the inquiry command, and it instructs the program to also display
hex dumps of all Extended Vital Product Data Pages (EVPD pages. These extended pages
display additional information such as serial numbers and vendor-unique information.
Returns the serial number of installed media for tape drives. This command is not supported
by all tape drives.
Mode page viewer - Decodes ANSI-standard mode pages settings and displays in readable
text with descriptions
Set to interactive mode to configure statistical/threshold monitoring 158 parameters
Instructs program to send logger output to /var/log/smartmon-ux, or /var/adm/
smartmon-ux depending on what O/S you are running. (OS X and LINUX default to /var/
log, UNIXWARE, IRIX, SOLARIS, AIX, and HPUX go to /var/adm).VMS uses a log file
SMARTMON.LOG in the currently selected directory. Syslog, file, and windows event logging
are discussed in more detail in the System Event Log 247 chapter.
Sends messages to the remote system event log. (This flag only supported in Windows).
Example -LRemote \\NOCSUPPORT2.or -LRemote \\12.18.1.25
Launches the program or script, <Scriptfile>, in event of a predictive failure alert or in
conjunction with the test message (-T option)
Reports current interface speed (U320, U160, U80 ...) of SCSI / FC device at polling time.
Not all devices have this capability. Use this for enclosure and cable testing.
Interactively configures email account settings for SMTP servers 8 that require
authentication (Windows-specific flag).
Instructs program to send an alert via email to the email address supplied. Example:
smartmon-ux -M david@xyz.com. The sendmail (or other mailer) daemon must be
properly configured for your machine in order for this to work. Of course, the email address
could also be that of a paging service or an alias list which would send the message to as
many people as you desire. If you are running windows, you must configure the SMTP mail
server 8 .
If you are using the Windows version, you must format the line as follows and use the -N
option to supply the IP name of your email server. In addition, you can add up to 8 email
addresses. If you do not supply either the -N or -M options, you will get a command-line error.
Use the -Mail 10 command to define your email server.
smartmon-ux -N mail.gte.net -M "<sysadmin@gte.net>,"<mypager@gte.net>" ... {This
command is not supported under VMS}
Exports all mode pages for selected device to an ASCII text file that you may edit. Use the mpimport 98 command to burn the saved mode pages onto the same or equivalent device.
(Example: -mpexport seagate.txt /dev/rdsk/c0d0s0 )
Imports mode pages from FILE and burns them onto selected device.
Example: -mpimport seagate.txt /dev/rdsk/c0d0s0 /dev/rdsk/c0d[3-5]s0
This windows-specific flags let you assign the desired EMAIL server for sending messages.
The SMTPAccount must be the full network name, rather than an IP number. See the
example above 19 .
Dumps detailed ATA/SATA disk drive error log report on supported operating systems.
Enable the performance (PERF) bit. This disables S.M.A.R.T. tests which could cause
delays. Not all disk drives support this feature.
Disable S.M.A.R.T. for selected disks and exit. The disks are programmed via the mode
page editor to turn feature off in current (volatile) settings. The saved (non-volatile) pages are
not affected. You must use the mode page editor 79 feature to permanently disable S.M.A.R.
T.
Disable S.M.A.R.T. for selected disks, and save it, so that the only way to revert is use the
mode page editor.
Report if device has been removed or does not respond to a poll (after initial discovery).
Displays partition information 99 and file system types, then the program is terminated. (This
option is available on the LINUX, SPARC, OS X and WindowsTM family operating systems).
Sets every bit on the selected SAS, SCSI, USB or fibre channel disk to random data. Then -
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
20
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
-rb BlockNo
104
-rb BlockNoh 104
-rc BlockNo 31
-read s,n,FILE
-S
103
72
-scrub 120
-scrubdi (options) 123
-scrubdiv (options) 123
-scrubv 121
-scrubq 120
-scrubs 121
-scrubr 120
-scrubt 121
-secure n
112
-securecheck n
111
-securecheckall 111
-spinq 127
-spindown 127
before returning.
-spindowni 127
issuing command.
-spinup 127
up before returning.
-spinupi 127
issuing command.
-steb 105
-steba
-stfd
105
108
-stefa
-stsb 105
-stsba
-sta 105
-staa
-str 105
-stra
105
-T <EMAIL>
n refers to the number of desired passes. This does not use the secure erase function, but it
is rather fast.
Reassign block #BlockNo on selected SCSI, FC, SSA, or SAS disk. This feature is not yet
supported on ATA or SATA devices. The Block number must be decimal).
Reassign block #BlockNo, but BlockNo is in hex, i.e. -rb f7d01h
Corrupt block #BlockNo on selected SCSI, FC, SSA or SAS disk. The ECC information will
be incorrect so the next read on that block will generate an unrecovered read error.
Reads n blocks from random access device starting at block #s and saves to binary file.
(Block size can be from 512 - 528)
IDE S.M.A.R.T. threshold and attribute pages 72 are displayed, then the program is
terminated. (This option is only available on the LINUX, Apple OSX 10.3+, Solaris, and
WindowsTM family operating systems).
Fitness test (full I/O test with detailed error reporting - usually takes hours
Destructive data integrity test.
Destructive data integrity test - verbose.
Fitness test, same as above but verbose. Reports errors as discovered and percent
complete.
Quick fitness test. Reads 32 blocks at a time for faster completion, but sacrifices granularity.
Sequential seek fitness test.
Pseudo-random seek fitness test.
Instructs program to terminate any "scrub" family fitness test upon first error with return code
11.
Destroys all data on the disk by sending n triple-pass iterations of all zeros, ones, and
random bits.
Analyze data on device to confirm randomness and/or erasure patterns. The -n parameter
sets the maximum time in minutes you want it to run. Enter 0 to check entire disk, or use securecheckall.
This analyzes the entire disk to validate and report randomness.
Report whether drive is spun up, down, or in a transitional state.
Spin the drive down (same as SCSI STOP UNIT command) and wait for drive to spin down
Spin the drive down (same as SCSI STOP UNIT command) and return immediately after
Spin the drive up (same as SCSI START UNIT command) and wait for drive to spin
Spin the drive up (same as SCSI START UNIT command) and return immediately after
Initiates self-test 105 , extended, background for selected SCSI, SAS, and fibre channel
devices.
ATA/SATA Extended Background Self-Test. Note: This will typically take 1-2 hours, but it
does not lock up the disk.
Initiates factory default self-test. (Which is vendor/product specific, but generally completes
in one or two minutes).
ATA/SATA Extended Foreground Self-Test. Note: This will lock up the drive while it runs, do
not perform it on a disk that is mounted by the O/S.
Initiates self-test 105 , short, background for selected SCSI, SAS, and fibre channel devices.
ATA/SATA Short Self-Test. (Must complete in under 2 minutes per ANSI specification)
Aborts current self-test 105 for selected SCSI, SAS, and fibre channel devices
Aborts current self-test for selected ATA / SATA disk device.
Reports results and status of current and last self-tests 105 for selected SCSI, SAS, and fibre
channel devices.
Reports results and status of current and last self-tests 105 for selected SCSI, SAS, and fibre
channel devices.
Instructs program to send out a test predictive failure alert. The <EMAIL> address is optional.
This may be used with the -LB 19 option.
(Windows users will normally add the -N flag and SMTP server name to specify an account to
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
21
use).
-sq
Suppress logging successful polling messages in the system event log.
-sqq
Suppress all logging into the system event log.
-wsbyte hexbytevalue 125
Writes the hex byte value to every block on the selected device using the
efficient WRITE SAME command.
-wsbyteconfirm hexbytevalue 125
Writes the hex byte value to every block on the selected device using the
efficient WRITE SAME command. The -wsbyteconfirm command does not ask an are-yousure question, so it can easily be scripted.
-wsc 125
This optional command can be used with both -wsbyte and -wsbyteconfirm, and it
instructs the program to immediately terminate after a write error on the disk drive.
-V
Displays version number information 166 and exits program.
-V+ 166
This displays all of the vendor-specific statistical fields 65 the program is aware of.
-verify 165
Instructs disks to read/verify all sectors on the device. Bad blocks will be reported. (This runs
mostly within the disk firmware so it is very fast). The command is supported under all SAS/
FC/SCSI disks as well as SATA/ATA disks under windows only.
-Wfilename
Enables threshold monitoring 158 , using parameters defined in filename. Combine this
command with the -F option and a list of desired SCSI/FC devices. The configuration file,
filename created interactively with the -K 158 command. Example: -F 60 WUnrecoveredWriteDaemon.cfg
Important: there must NOT be any white space between the -W and the filename. (If
you leave white space, then the program will incorrectly interpret the next option as a
physical device name)
-wcd 196
Disable write cache. This disables a SCSI/SAS/SSA or Fibre channel disk drive's write
cache. (The function is currently not supported on IDE or SATA disks).
-wce 196
Enable write cache. This enables a SCSI/SAS/SSA or Fibre channel disk drive's write cache.
(The function is currently not supported on IDE or SATA disks).
-wp 197
Write-protect test. This performs a test to see if media (typically tape) is write protected.
-X 148
Polls selected tape devices that support the TapeAlert 148 feature. (This can be equated to S.
M.A.R.T. for disk drives).
-XT 146
TapeAlert Test. This enables test mode, does single poll, disables test mode, then exits. It
should not be run on tapes/auto changers currently in use.
-X+ 150
Reports all TapeAlert components that the selected tapes are capable of reporting. Note: Not
all tape drives can be queried to learn exactly what TapeAlert flags it supports. Program
terminates after displaying this information.
-Y
Dumps factory and grown defect lists 32 for selected disk devices.
-z 201
Report physical and logical drive information for selected IBM, SGI and Engenio (formerly
LSI) RAID engines.
-Z 198
Report physical and logical drive status for subsystems using Mylex fibre channel external
RAID engines. Supported engines are FF, FFX, FF2, FFx2, also known as the SANArray Pro
family. All engines must be running FW 7.0 or higher. [Mylex RAID]
-ZA start# n 201
Display n RAID event log entries >= starting# (if n=0, display all events) [Mylex RAID]
Example: smartmon-ux -ZA 3440 32 /dev/sgj would dump up to 32 events starting at
event #3440
-ZL 199
Display all RAID event log entries. [Mylex RAID]. This option may be run without the -Z flag).
-ZM
Report Mylex SAN-Mapping table
-zd[x] 213
Report physical and logical drive info for selected LSI-MPT family RAID engines. The -x
suffice reports extended information.
-zdL 215
Report LSI-MPT RAID event log
-zdq 213
Report LSI-MPT physical disk status and serial numbers
-zi 208
Report physical and logical drive information for Infortrend-family RAID engines.
-zie 209
Display enclosure state summary and full event log [Infortrend RAID].
-ziL 209
Display all RAID event log entries [Infortrend RAID].
-zm 210
Continuously monitor Infortrend event log rather than just dump and exit.
-zix 210
Report detailed back-end drive information [Infortrend RAID]. This should be run during a
maintenance window.
-ziA start# n 210
Display n RAID event log entries >= starting# (if n=0, display all events) [Infortrend RAID]
-z3[x] 210
Report physical and logical drive info for selected 3ware (AMCC) family RAID engines. The
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
22
-z3d
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
212
-z3L 213
-z3m 213
-?
-16
-12
optional "x" suffix reports extended information.
Report controller (3ware (AMCC)) diagnostic dump (this is very cryptic but useful to RAID
controller experts and OEMs who imbed the controller
Report controller (3ware (AMCC)) event log
Monitor 3ware / AMCC health in background (or as a Windows service)
Displays all of the above usage information and terminates the program. (Many UNIX shells
will substitute the ? character, so best to use the -h 18 flag instead.
Forces the -ws, -wsbyte, and all "scrub" family commands to send READ(16) and WRITE
(16) CDBs instead of 10-byte CDBs. Note that your O/S, drivers, and target peripheral must
all support these extended SCSI commands. (Windows uses need Win2003 with SP1, and
LINUX users will require the 2.6 kernel).
Forces the "scrub" family commands to use the READ(12) and WRITE(12) commands
instead of the READ(10) and WRITE(10) CDBs.
Unless the debug parameter is sent, the program will run in the background. This has the same effect as entering a
trailing ampersand (&). i.e., smartmon-ux -F 3000 has the same effect as smartmon-ux -F 3000 &. This is by
design, to automate running SMARTMon-UX at boot time 31 .
Some examples:
1) smartmon-ux
2) smartmon-ux -M admin@xyz.com
3) smartmon-ux -I -S /dev/sd0 /dev/sd3
Scan for all disk drives. If any disk drives that support S.M.A.R.T. are
found, then the program re-launches itself in the background with a
10-minute polling period, and sends the results to the system log file
Same as above, but alerts are sent to email address supplied.
Dumps inquiry data and mode pages for the two disks, /dev/sd0 and /
dev/sd3 and terminates the program.
Notes on Statistical Device Information
The statistical information options (-C & -H) are applicable to SCSI, Fibre Channel, and IBM SSA disk drives only.
IDE disks do not maintain these fields. Most of the data is non-volatile, and they are stored in what is called Log
Pages. Some fields are defined by the ANSI SCSI specifications, and others are vendor/drive specific. There is a lot
to discuss here, so we have dedicated a chapter called Log Page Viewer 65 to this subject.
Notes on Device List and using Wild Cards
The [device_list] is used to supply a list of physical devices which you want the command-line options to be executed
on. If you do not supply a device list, all devices will be acted upon. So, if you were to enter smartmon-ux -I, it will
display inquiry information for all devices it discovers.
By using wild cards, you can quickly enter multiple devices rather then entering them individually. The * matches any
string of characters or numbers, any length from that point onward. The [list] matches any single character in the list.
i.e, /dev/rdsk/c[236]d* means it will match /dev/rdsk/c2d*, /dev/rdsk/c3d*, or /dev/rdsk/c6d*.
You may also combine devices that use wild cards, and those that do not, as in "./smartmon-ux /dev/sga /dev/sgc /
dev/rmt/*".
Apple users will use device numbers, as in ./smartmon-ux 0 3 8
Commands by Function Type
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
23
Flag
Description
Destructive
Notes
Polling Commands (Program continues to run if only these commands are supplied)
-E
Enclosure check
No
This command can be run in foreground also
-F
Polling frequency
No
Default if -F not supplied is 10 minutes
-G
Thermal warning
No
Adds temperature to polling log if supported on device.
-i
International date/time
No
Returns date/time in local language & format
-link
SCSI/FC link speed
No
Adds current interface speed to poll
-L
Logging
No
Sends messages to smartmon-ux file instead of syslog
Logging
No
Specifies remote host (For Windows version, Active Directory
LRemote
implementations)
-sq
Logging
No
Suppress logging successful polling messages. (Only
messages that indicate a problem will be logged).
-M
E-Mail address
No
SMART Alerts, Tape Alerts and threshold warnings generate
email.
-P
PERFormance bit
No
SCSI/FC drives prioritize application I/O over S.M.A.R.T.
tests
Statistical alerting
No
Combine with the -F to set minimum time between polls and
Wfilena
to issue custom threshold monitoring scripts using config file
me
supplied with -W
(replace filename with the name of your file, as in -F 60 WUnrecoveredWriteDaemon.cfg [You must not have a
space between the -W and the file name)
-X
TapeAlert monitoring
No
Like S.M.A.R.T., but for tape drives and auto changers.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
24
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
General reporting commands (Program terminates after reporting information on first pass)
Flag
Description
Destructive
Notes
-A
Mode page hex dump
No
-J
Mode page text dump
No
-C
Log page text dump
No
-Cx
Log page text dump
No
You will most likely prefer output of -Cx 70 over -C as this
suppresses the trailing [x] on each field that reports the field
size. As a large part of our customers have scripted
commands to parse the output, we chose to implement the
improved results with -Cx rather than break any scripts by
modifying the syntax of -C
-H
Log page hex dump
No
The -H+ provides same output as the -H, but the -H+ does
-H+
a brute force discovery. This is necessary because some
peripherals are not fully ANSI compliant in that they do not
provide a list of log pages. As such the -H attempts to read
every possible log page. This results in a large amount of I/
Os that are likely unnecessary. You would only use the -H+
command if the -H command doesn't report any log pages.
-E
Enclosure status
No
-E+
Extended enclosure status No
-EF and -EH are related commands.
-I
SCSI Inquiry dump
No
-I+
Extended SCSI inquiry
No
-IS
Return serial number
No
Returns serial number of removable media. (Generally for
auto changers and tape libraries).
-O
IDE (ATA/SATA) inquiry
Possibly
The -O option could take several seconds to complete, so
this might be disruptive. We have seen this command take
almost 30 seconds on disks that have problems.
-Q
Disk/CD partition dump
No
-S
IDE, SATA, ATA S.M.A.R.T. No
dump
-V
Display version level
No
-V+
Display vendor-unique log/ No
(This is a rather long report that shows all reportable vendor
inquiry details
unique device information)
-X+
TapeAlert capability
No
-XT
TapeAlert test
No
Temporarily enables Test function which is not supported on
all tape changers/drives.
-Y
Factory/Grown defects
No
SES Enclosure commands (Applicable to SES-compliant FC-attached enclosures only)
Flag
Description
Destructive
Notes
-EPDF
Fault light on
No
-EPDf
Fault light off
No
-EPDI
Identity light on
No
-EPDi
Identity light off
No
-EPAM
Mute alarm
No
-EPARm Clear alarm
No
-EPArn Set alarm to reminder
No
-EPAT
Clear alarm reminder
No
-EPLFn Fault light on, for array
No
Some enclosures classify individual drive slots as Array
device
Slots. If the LED does not light with the -EPDF command, try
this instead. This is the same for the identify LED (-EPDI)
-EPLfn Fault light off, for array
No
device
-EPLIn Identity light on, for array
No
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
device
-EPLin Identity light off, for array
No
device
-EPLRn Array device rebuild indicator No
on
-EPLrn Array device rebuild indicator No
off
-EPLSn Array device remove
No
indicator on
-EPLsn Array device remove
No
indicator off
-EP2
User defined SES
Possibly
25
May be destructive, if your enclosure lets you send
commands to turn off all fans, or example.
Mode Page Programming (Applicable to SCSI / FC / SAS / USB devices)
Flag
Description
Destructive
Notes
-B
Single line editor
Possibly
In general, misconfiguring mode pages can render device
invisible to O/S
-wcd
Disable write cache
No
-wce
Enable write cache
Possibly
You should have the device on a UPS or you risk data loss if
power is lost before the disk flushes pending I/Os in the
cache.
Export mode pages to file
No
mpexpor
t
Import mode pages from file Possibly
Very convenient for cloning all mode pages for multiple
mpimpor
devices.
t
Background Media Scanning (Applicable to SCSI / FC / SAS devices that support BGMS function)
Flag
Description
Destructive
Notes
-bmsd
Disable background media No
scanning
-bmse n Enable automated
No
We strongly recommend you enable this feature.
background media scanning
every n hours
-bmsr
Report background media No
The report will complete in a few seconds or less.
scanning status and bad
block list
Secure Erase Family Commands
Flag
Description
Destructive
-secure Destroys all data on the disk Yes
n
Check to see if disk has
securec "data" on it
heck n
No
Look for data on entire disk No
securec
heckall
Notes
Set n to 1 for one iteration. This is normally sufficient. The
official Department of Defense specification states that you
must use 3 full passes for compliance to their spec.
The -n parameter sets the maximum time in minutes you
want it to run. You will generally set the n value to 1, unless
the disk is partitioned. If that is the case, set n to zero so it
will test entire disk.
This produces chart of how many times each byte is used on
the disk, and whether or not there are any repeating patterns
that could indicate there is live data.
Spin up, down, query (Also referred to START / STOP UNIT)
Flag
Description
Destructive
Notes
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
26
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
-spinq Inquire spin status
No
Check to see if disk has
spindow "data" on it
n
-spinup Spin disk up and wait for
confirmation
Spin disk down (immediate)
spindow
ni
Spin disk up (immediate)
spinupi
Possibly
Miscellaneous Programming
Flag
Description
-capacity Changes drive capacity
nBlocks
(resizes disk)
Changes block size
capacityb
s
Blocksize
-confirm Automatic affirmative
response
No
Possibly
Same warning as stated above about spinning mounted
disks down
No
The immediate bit, as defined by ANSI, basically means to
return an OK status immediately after the command has
been sent, rather than pausing the program while waiting for
disk to start up.
Destructive
No
Notes
Not destructive as it is reversible, but it can hide usable
storage
All data will be lost and drive must be reformatted. Block
sizes are normally 512, but some RAID systems, such as
NetApp and EMC use 520 block sizes
Yes
No
-flash
Flashes device firmware Possibly
-format
-p
Low level format
Disable S.M.A.R.T.
Yes
No
-pp
No
-rb
-rc
Disable S.M.A.R.T. ,
permanently
Reassign block
Corrupt block
-wsbyte
Write SAME
Yes
Write SAME
wsbytecon
firm
-16
16-byte CDB
Yes
-12
12-byte CDB
Set n to 1 for one iteration. This is normally sufficient. The
official Department of Defense specification states that you
must use 3 full passes for compliance to their spec.
Never spin a disk down a mounted disk with live data, unless
it is your intention to simulate a drive failure. The software
does not test to see if the disk is used in any way.
Possibly
Yes
Possibly
Possibly
RAID Engine Reporting Commands
Flag(s)
Description
Destructive
-z
Physical drive status (LSI No
Responds "Y" to any are-you-sure type messages that are
typically associated with destructive commands such as
running a destructive write data integrity test.
If you use wrong firmware image then device may have to go
back to factory to get recovered.
All data will be lost (unless the data was all zeros)
S.M.A.R.T. setting will revert to previous value after power
cycle
This turns off S.M.A.R.T. so it stays off after power cycle.
You must enable it with the mode page editor 95 function.
Destroys contents of this block by corrupting ECC data. Use
this to test to see that a corrupted block is handled properly
by your RAID engine or path/data fail over redundancy
hardware or software.
Sends same byte to every block on the random-access
device
Same as -wsbyte, but no are-you-sure
This forces program to use the 16-byte SCSI command
instead of the 10-byte SCSI commands for the -ws and scrub family functions. Your host O/S and drivers, and
target devices must all support 16-byte commands.
This forces using the READ(12) and WRITE(12) commands
for the -scrub family commands. Like the 16-byte commands,
it is not necessarily going to be supported by your O/S or
your storage hardware.
Notes
Command ignored if an unsupported RAID engine
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
-Z
-ZL
-ZA
-ZM
-z3
-z3d
-z3L
-zd, -zdx, zdL
-zi
-zie, -zil
-ziA, -ziL, zm
-zix
& Mylex engines)
Physical & logical drive
status (Mylex engines)
Full Mylex event log
Selective Mylex event log
Report Mylex SANMapping table
Physical and logical drive
status (3ware (AMCC)
RAID engines)
Reports 3ware (AMCC)
diagnostic dump
Reports 3ware (AMCC)
event log
Reports Dell (LSI MPT
family) RAID controller
information
Physical and logical drive
status (Infortrend RAID
engines)
Event-log related
reporting commands.
-Mail
-N
No
No
No
No
If you know you have a Mylex (external RAID) engine, then
no need to combine with -Z
Same as -ZL, but you can start at a particular event number
Command will be rejected if it is sent to something other than
a 3ware 7xxx, 8xxx, or 9xxx family controller.
No
No
No
No
No
Detailed physical device Possibly
information and controller
data.
Miscellaneous Commands
Flag
Description
-LB
Specifies batch program
to run in event of
predictive failure
-read
Reads raw device info
and saves into file
-T
Test predictive failure
system alerting.
-K
No
27
Destructive
No
In general, all RAID commands will be rejected by the target
device if they are sent to the wrong type of controller, or sent
to something other than the RAID controller.
In general, all RAID commands will be rejected by the target
device if they are sent to the wrong type of controller, or sent
to something other than the RAID controller.
The RAID controller will acknowledge that the event log has
been reported, but SANTOOLS instructs the RAID engine to
not delete them after they have been reported.
You should not run this command if the system is actively
processing I/Os. Some of the commands that it generates
could cause a time-out which might affect your host O/S or
an application.
Notes
Run program with -T and -LB options to test proper launching
of the batch program.
No
No
Interactive mode for
No
configuring threshold
monitoring
Interactive command for No
configuring mail server
settings
SMTP Server name
No
If you pass an email address with this option, you must make
sure that your host is configured to send email. Windows
users can use the imbedded -Mail command to set up email
settings, other operating systems require properly configured
sendmail. You may also combine -T with -LB
Program goes into interactive wizard mode to assist setting
up threshold monitoring.
Windows specific option for configuring client PC to be able
to send messages to the SMTP server (username, password,
IP name, etc..)
Windows specific option, combine with -T and/or -M
Service Management Commands
The Windows version of the program has several commands that deal with installing, starting, stoping, and controlling
the program when it runs as a Windows service routine. See the Running as a Windows Service 14 chapter for
additional details.
Command Syntax:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
28
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
You may use either smartmon-ux -h or smartmon-ux -? to get help and usage information. As many UNIX/
LINUX shells substitute the '?' character for a single-byte wild-card, you should just enter smartmon-ux -h for help,
which will work for all operating systems and shells.
1.6
Change Block Size
Invoke the -capacitybs command to change the block size of your random access device.
Usage
smartmon-ux -capacitybs NewBytesPerBlock DeviceList
Example
smartmon-ux -capacitybs 520 /dev/sg3
(sets the block size to 520 bytes/block)
With few exceptions, disk drives are set to 512 bytes per block, and operating systems expect disks to be formatted to
512 bytes per block. In fact, some operating systems and/or disk controllers won't even "see" disks that aren't
formatted to 512 bytes/block. This command exists because certain RAID controllers require disks to be formatted to
520 or 528 bytes/block. If the disk isn't formatted to the appropriate block size then it just won't work with the required
hardware. Once this command has been accepted by the disk, and you invoke the -format 50 function to reformat
the disk, then you should be able to use it.
Warnings & Caveats
Once the block size is successfully changed, you need to power cycle the disk drive and use the -format command
to complete the operation. You can not use the disk drive until you reformat it.
RAID subsystem manufacturers have little motivation for allowing end-users to add their own disk drives. This isn't
just for financial reasons, but for data integrity and reliability concerns. Furthermore, RAID subsystem manufacturers
invest a significant amount of R&D in having customized drive firmware. As such, even if you take an off-the-shelf
disk drive, and change the blocks size and all of the mode page settings to get it to match your RAID vendor's disk
drive, then the RAID engine may still reject the disk.
SANtools is bound by numerous non-disclosure arrangements and we will not provide any advice relating to how one
might reprogram or reformat a disk so you can get it to work in a specific RAID subsystem.
Let's say that you have the opposite problem. You purchased used disk drives and it turns out that you can't format
them because they aren't formatted to 512 bytes/block. You still have risk that the firmware on those disk drives will
reject commands to change the block size. It is not uncommon to have disk drives with specialized firmware that
prevents you from changing the block size. If the disk rejects the -capacitybs command, then the only way to
change the block size is to flash new firmware on the disk drive. (Not just new firmware, but the correct firmware file)
As your disk drive firmware isn't our intellectual property, we are morally and legally prevented from sending anybody
firmware.
The bottom line is that some disk/firmware combinations let you change the block size, and some don't. If your disk
rejects the -capacitybs command, then you must call your drive supplier/vendor, and ask them about getting some
firmware that will let you change the block size.
1.7
Change Disk Capacity
The -capacity command is used to resize the number of blocks that a disk reports. You would use it to shortstroke a disk (resize the disk to make it smaller). Once you resize the disk with the command, then you can use the
resized disk immediately, and it does not need to be reformatted. This function can be quite useful, either to hide a
partition on a disk, or to unlock space that was hidden by your hardware supplier.
You may reverse the effects of changing capacity by sending it a new size of 0. This will allocate all available disk
space, and cause the disk to report the full factory-configured capacity.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
29
Usage
smartmon-ux -capacity NewBlockSize|0 DeviceList
Send 0 to reset capacity to factory default, or pass it a number of blocks that you wish capacity to be set to. (There
are 2048 blocks in 1 MB, assuming a standard 512-byte block size).
Example
First, we instruct the computer to report the drive size to establish a base-line. The fields in GREEN are of most
interest for this example.
D:\>smartmon-ux -I \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.30, Build 5-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3300007FC S/N "3KR0EYV4" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART) [Bus/Port/
ID.LUN=1/2/13.0](286102 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
3 (SPC ANSI X3.301:1997)
Vendor Identification:
SEAGATE
Product Identification:
ST3300007FC
Firmware Revision:
XR32
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
Enclosure services available:
YES
Multi-ported device:
YES
Medium-changer attached: (removable) NO
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
YES
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
YES
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Total Capacity (In Bytes):
300000000000
Total grown defects:
0
Total Primary (factory) defects:
5246
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 03 12 8B 00 70 0A 53 45 41 47 41 54 45 20
......p.SEAGATE
0010: 53 54 33 33 30 30 30 30 37 46 43 20 20 20 20 20
ST3300007FC
0020: 58 52 33 32 33 4B 52 30 45 59 56 34 00 00 00 00
XR323KR0EYV4....
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0C 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0060: 00 43 6F 70 79 72 69 67 68 74 20 28 63 29 20 32
.Copyright (c) 2
0070: 30 30 35 20 53 65 61 67 61 74 65 20 41 6C 6C 20
005 Seagate All
0080: 72 69 67 68 74 73 20 72 65 73 65 72 76 65 64
rights reserved
The Seagate disk reports as 300,000,000,000 bytes which corresponds to 2861024 MB. We will now resize the
drive to exactly 204800 blocks which
is exactly 100 MB. The reported capacity on the "Discovered" line is the capacity that the disk reported
before resizing.
D:\>smartmon-ux -capacity 204800 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.30, Build 5-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3300007FC S/N "3KR0EYV4" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART) [Bus/Port/
ID.LUN=1/2/13.0](286102 MB)
Capacity is 204800 blocks (100 MB)
Now, we issue the standard inquiry command to see what the disk reports. Unless the -capacity command was
rejected by the disk, it will report the new size.
D:\>smartmon-ux -I \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.30, Build 5-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3300007FC S/N "3KR0EYV4" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART) [Bus/Port/
ID.LUN=1/2/13.0](10000 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
30
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
3 (SPC ANSI X3.301:1997)
Vendor Identification:
SEAGATE
Product Identification:
ST3300007FC
Firmware Revision:
XR32
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
Enclosure services available:
YES
Multi-ported device:
YES
Medium-changer attached: (removable) NO
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
YES
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
YES
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Total Capacity (In Bytes):
104857600
Total grown defects:
0
Total Primary (factory) defects:
5246
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 03 12 8B 00 70 0A 53 45 41 47 41 54 45 20
......p.SEAGATE
0010: 53 54 33 33 30 30 30 30 37 46 43 20 20 20 20 20
ST3300007FC
0020: 58 52 33 32 33 4B 52 30 45 59 56 34 00 00 00 00
XR323KR0EYV4....
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0C 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0060: 00 43 6F 70 79 72 69 67 68 74 20 28 63 29 20 32
.Copyright (c) 2
0070: 30 30 35 20 53 65 61 67 61 74 65 20 41 6C 6C 20
005 Seagate All
0080: 72 69 67 68 74 73 20 72 65 73 65 72 76 65 64
rights reserved
We will now reset the disk by sending it a value of 0, which instructs the program to set the disk to the maximum
capacity.
D:\>smartmon-ux -capacity 0 \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.30, Build 5-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3300007FC S/N "3KR0EYV4" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART) [Bus/Port/
ID.LUN=1/2/13.0](10000 MB)
Capacity is 585937500 blocks (286102 MB)
The disk has been resized from 10000MB to the factory default of 286102MB.
Application Functional Notes
· Other vendors may have used this program or similar programs to resize disks, so if you believe your disk is
reporting fewer blocks than it should, then use -capacity 0 option to resize the disk to the maximum capacity.
· This function is specific to SCSI, Fibre Channel, SAS, and SSA disks. We have not implemented this feature on
other disks. (Interestingly, the command does work on some USB flash memory devices).
· Do not resize the disk if there is a file system on it, or any partitions that use any part of the older capacity that was
deleted. If you do, then your operating system won't be able to access the hidden space, and this will likely corrupt
the remaining file system.
· It doesn't matter what O/S version of our software you use to resize the disk, nor does it matter what operating
system(s) the resized disk is used with. The changes are made to the disk, and not any O/S-specific drivers or
configuration files.
· Blocks that have been removed via this command come from the end of the disk, so if you send smartmon-ux capacity 2048, then the disk will report a size of 2048 blocks, ranging from block 0-2047. These blocks are not
hidden or zeroed, the disk just thinks it is 2048 blocks in size and any program or utility or O/S that asks the disk
how large it is will get an answer of 2048.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
1.8
31
Configuring for Automatic Start Up at Boot
If you are running a UNIX or LINUX operating system, the configure script invoked at installation will ask you if you
want your O/S to automatically start the program when your computer enters the multi-user mode. It will prompt you
for your desired settings, such as polling period and email address to send alerts to.
Windows-family users can utilize standard tools to invoke this program automatically at boot time by just configuring it
in the startup folder with the appropriate options.
Notes for Apple users:
If you inform the installer that you want the program to launch at boot time, it makes the appropriate entries in the
/Library/StartupItems/smartmon-ux directory. The program executable, however, will still be installed as
/etc/smartmon-ux.
Notes for Windows users:
When the program is installed as a windows service (-serviceinstall 14 ), it will be configured to autolaunch at system
boot time. You can change this parameter by launching the service control manager applet and configuring the
software to run as a manual process. If you wish the service routine to manually launch after boot, use the service
control applet (from control panel) to configure the program for manual startup.
See the Running as a Windows Service 14 section for full information.
We made significant modifications in version 1.35 so it runs as a service under Windows Vista, and Windows 2008,
and so it automatically launches at power-up.
1.9
Corrupt Data Block
This function was introduced in release 1.28.
This function is generally used to corrupt ECC data on a particular block in order to test proper operation of data
integrity checks, error logging, and mirroring/RAID hardware and software. Once you corrupt a block, the next read
operation to that block will fail with an unrecovered read error (3/11). The block will stay corrupted until it is read or
written to. When an application writes to that block, it will automatically be remapped by the disk drive and the error
will be cleared.
Use this function to make sure your RAID hardware, host O/S, mirroring software, or diagnostic software reacts
appropriately when you read from that block. You may also use this command to insure that the problem is picked up
by self-test programs and operating system utilities. The block number must be a numeric number ranging from 0 to
the last block number on the disk.
Syntax
smartmon-ux -rc BLOCKNUMBER devicename
where
BLOCKNUMBER is a decimal number for the block number.
Example
smartmon-ux -rc 12345678 /dev/sg3
Only one block can be corrupted at a time, but this is generally not an issue since one would typically only want to
corrupt one or two blocks. The program will immediately execute and return. SANTOOLS uses both the READ
LONG and WRITE LONG commands to determine the length of the ECC field for each block and to corrupt the data.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
32
1.10
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Defect Reporting
When you invoke the -Y
21
command, it instructs the software to report all primary (factory) and grown defects.\
The primary defect list (PLIST) is the list of defects that may be supplied by the original manufacturer of the device or
medium. They are considered permanent defects. The PLIST is located inside a reserved area and is not accessible
except through a low-level SCSI command, READ DEFECT DATA. Once the original PLIST is created at the factory,
it is not subject to change.
The grown defect list (GLIST) includes all defects sent by the application client or detected by the device server. The
GLIST does not include the PLIST. The GLIST shall include:
· Defects detected by the format operation during medium certification
· Defects previously identified with a REASSIGN BLOCKS command
· Defects previously detected by the device server and automatically reallocated
The grown defect list can be cleared by performing a special FORMAT UNIT command and providing it specific
parameters to clear the list. We do not provide that capability because we can not see any real-world situation where
one would want to clear the grown defect list. If we were to allow you to clear the defect list, eventually your operating
system will attempt to put good data on blocks that were previously marked as bad and you would have data loss.
Below is sample output using the -Y command. Note that the device has no grown defects. This disk is reasonably
new.
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -Y /dev/sg0
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sg0 (Not Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
Total grown defects:
0
Total Primary (factory) defects:
1749
Head Cylinder
Sector
---- ----------------2
49
885
2
84
64
2
85
172
2
86
279
2
86
280
... (trimmed response here)
1
1
48047
48048
31
475
Terminating program.
It is worth noting that not all disks support the low-level command to report either factory and or grown defects. If that
is the case, smartmon-ux will continue without reporting such defects.
You should also know that disks can save defects in one of several formats. The defect list format is set at the time
you (or the factory) issue the FORMAT UNIT command and clear the defect list. Smartmon-ux supports all
ANSI-defined defect formats and will report them in the default format set at the time the device was initially
formatted.
Note for LINUX users:
If you are not using the /dev/sg type drivers, you will probably not see a defect dump. As discussed earlier in this
document, the standard /dev/sd class drivers are limited to 4KB commands. This is not sufficient to return a defect
map, since it takes 8 bytes to report a defect. Adding overhead gives you room to report only 500 defects. This would
seem like a lot, but it is not. Larger disks can have thousands of factory defects.
The output below is for the same disk, but the command did not use the sg class drive
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -Y /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (Not Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
Total grown defects:
0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Total Primary (factory) defects:
33
1749
Terminating program.
1.11
Enclosure Services Viewer (SAF-TE)
SAF-TE enclosures are the equivalent of SES enclosures, but for SCSI-attached hosts. Unlike SES enclosures,
SAF-TE enclosures have a unique SCSI ID and LUN associated with them. The internal mechanism and commands
that SMARTMon has to use to determine the health of a SAF-TE enclosure are different from those commands used
to communicate with a SES enclosure. The net result is the same, however.
SAF-TE is the name for a specialized command set that is used to manage and sense the state of the power
supplies, cooling devices, displays, indicators, individual drives, and other non-SCSI elements installed in a SCSI
enclosure. If you have a SAF-TE-compliant enclosure, this software can decode and report this information.
Unless you have a very inexpensive enclosure, chances are good that your enclosure is SAF-TE-compliant. If you are
not sure, invoke the -E+ option and find out. Below is sample output from one of our enclosures when we unplugged
one of the power supplies and ran the program on a Windows XP machine.
smartmon-ux -I+ -E+ \\.\SCSI3:
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.13, Build 4-SEP-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered CNSi JSS122 S/N " " on \\.\SCSI3: (processor) [SAF-TE] [Adapter/ID.LUN=0/0.6]
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
processor
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
3 (SPC ANSI X3.301:1997)
ISO/IEC Version:
0
ECMA Version:
0
Vendor Identification:
CNSi
Product Identification:
JSS122
Firmware Revision:
L421
Async event reporting:
NO
Supports 16-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports 32-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports CONTINUE_TASK & TARGET XFR: NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
32-bit parallel supported:
NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
Enclosure services available:
NO
Multi-ported device:
NO
Medium-changer attached:
NO
16-bit parallel supported:
YES
Synchronous commands supported:
YES
Linked commands supported:
NO
Command queuing supported:
YES
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 03 00 03 02 9B 00 00 32 43 4E 53 69 20 20 20 20
.......2CNSi
0010: 4A 53 53 31 32 32 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
JSS122
0020: 4C 34 32 31 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 53 41 46 2D
L4210
SAF0030: 54 45 31 2E 30 30 00 00 0C 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
TE1.00..........
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0060: 43 68 61 70 74 65 63 20 42 72 69 64 67 65 20 4C
Chaptec Bridge L
0070: 34 32 31 20 20 20 20 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
421
........
0080: 00 00 00 53 44 52 20 20 20 20 20 47 45 4D 32 30
...SDR
GEM20
0090: 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 32 20 20 20
0
2
Inquiry EVPD Page #00h
0000: 7F 00 03 02 9B 00
......
SAF-TE Enclosure dump:
Cooling/Fan #0: Operational
Cooling/Fan #1: Operational
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
34
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Cooling/Fan #2: Not Installed (Reserved for future use)
Power Supply #0 : Operational (Turned on)
Power Supply #1 : Malfunctioning (Commanded on)
Power Supply #2 : Not Installed (Reserved slot)
Device in slot #0: Empty slot
Device in slot #1: Empty slot
Device in slot #2: Activated (SCSI ID is 02h)
Device in slot #3: Activated (SCSI ID is 03h)
Device in slot #4: Empty slot
Device in slot #5: Activated (SCSI ID is 05h)
Door Lock #0: Unlocked (or no controllable lock installed
Alarm Speaker #0: Off (or not installed)
Temperature Sensor #0: 34C / 94F
Terminating program.
The text in RED printed as a result of the -E+ option. The rest of the text printed because the -I+ option was also
selected.
· If you invoke the -E option, the program will run in the background and poll your SES compliant enclosure(s) at the
same time it polls disk drives. If a problem is found, it generates an alert as specified by the command-line options.
If you invoke the program with the -E+ option, all of the current enclosure information will display and the program
will terminate.
· There are additional informational fields that this program can report, providing your enclosure manufacturer reports
that information to the SAF-TE electronics in their engine.
· If your SAF-TE enclosure supports the optional SAF-TE power-on minutes or SAF-TE power-on cycles
data, we report that as well starting in revision 1.27.
· Version 1.28 added SAF-TE reporting capability for additional slot and array status reporting.
Below is the output that one might see in a log file or email alert before and after unplugging a power cable.
D:\msdevstd\projects>smartmon-ux -E -F 10 \\.\SCSI3:
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.13, Build 4-SEP-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
*******************************************************************
* This is an evaluation license. The software will expire on
*
* Sun Sep 15 23:11:53 2002 (11 days).
*
*******************************************************************
Discovered CNSi JSS122 S/N " " on \\.\SCSI3: (processor) [Adapter/ID.LUN=0/0.0]
Discovered CNSi JSS122 S/N " " on \\.\SCSI3: (processor) [SAF-TE] [Adapter/ID.LUN=0/0.6]
Program will poll every 10 seconds.
\\.\SCSI3: polled at Wed Sep 04 23:11:53 2002 Status:OK
\\.\SCSI3: polled at Wed Sep 04 23:12:03 2002 Status:OK
\\.\SCSI3: polled at Wed Sep 04 23:12:13 2002 Status:Critical - Power Supply #1 Malfunctioning (Commanded
on) CNSi JSS122
\\.\SCSI3: polled at Wed Sep 04 23:12:23 2002 Status:Critical - Power Supply #1 Malfunctioning (Commanded
on) CNSi JSS122
\\.\SCSI3: polled at Wed Sep 04 23:12:33 2002 Status:OK
^C
D:\msdevstd\projects>
1.12
Enclosure Services Reprogramming (SES)
This feature allows you almost full control of your SES enclosure and devices within it. We will let you send low-level
commands to do anything you want to do such as decrease the fan speed or turn off the power supplies. Use this
feature wisely. If you want to do something stupid like program all of the fans to get turned off and disable the thermal
shutdown, SMARTMon-UX will let you submit those commands to your enclosure (which will probably be rejected as
most SES engines will not let you do these things for obvious reasons).
This function is really for storage engineers, hardware designers, and other advanced users who would typically be
very aware of how to directly program a SES enclosure, but require an application program that can facilitate this for
them. These users would typically be very familiar with the ANSI SES programming specification, as well as
programming vendor-unique fields that would not normally be available without a non-disclosure agreement between
the end-user and the enclosure manufacturer.
Usage:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
35
./smartmon-ux -EP2ttnnwwxxyy [-EP2ttnnwwxxyy] device_name
Note, all numbers are two character hex digits, ranging from 0-9 or A-F. You may also combine multiple commands
on the same line. This is the preferred way to combine multiple commands as all of them will get executed at the
same time.
· tt - Element type. Represents either an ANSI-defined element type code or a vendor-unique type code. See the
table below 34 for a cross-reference.
· nn - Element number. This is the nth element of type tt. If you want to configure the overall settings for a specific
element type, enter value FF for the element number. The first element number is always 00. So, if you wanted to
address the first power supply, the beginning of the command option would be -EP20200
· ww 36 xx 36 yy 36 - These are the three bytes you want to send which correspond to byte offsets 1 36 , 2 36 , and
3 34 in the CommonControl 36 field of SES Page #2.
tt = element number (in hex) that you wish to control. Range is 0 to n, where n is the highest element number
-EP2ttnnwwxxyy 34 Sends bytes ww,xx,yy to SES enclosure control page (#2) for element type tt number nn. This
function is covered in detail in the next chapter, Enclosure Services Reprogramming 34
ANSI-Defined SES Element Types and Description Table
Element Type Code (hex)
Description
00
Unspecified (Do not use it!!)
Device (i.e., something in a slot like disk drive or DAT tape)
01
02
Power Supply
03
Cooling (typically a fan)
04
Temperature Sensor
05
Door Lock
06
Audible Alarm
07
Enclosure Services Controller Electronics
08
SCC Controller Electronics
09
Nonvolatile Cache
0A
Invalid Operation Reason
0B
Uninterruptible Power Supply
0C
Display (LCD display or control panel)
0D
Key Pad Entry
0E
Enclosure
0F
SCSI Port/Transceiver
10
Language Element
11
Communication Port
12
Voltage Sensor
13
Current Sensor
14
SCSI Target Port
15
SCSI Initiator Port
16
Simple Sub-enclosure
17
Array Device
18 - 7F
Reserved
80 - FF
Vendor-specific type code
Example:
Below is a table from the ANSI SES programming specification which shows how one might package the bytes to
control aspects of a device. We will send a harmless command which will enable the fault light for a device in a
particular slot. Every element type has a different 4-byte structure and options, so you should consult either the ANSI
programming specification or your particular vendor's documentation. Remember, an enclosure manufacturer is free
to not support certain functions as well as add vendor-unique functionality.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
36
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Byte/Bit
0
1 (ww field)
2 (xx field)
3 (yy field)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Common Control (This is automatically set to zero)
Reserved
Active
Do Not
Reserved
Request
Request
Request
Reserved
Remove
Insert
Remove
Identify
Reserved
Request Device Off
Enable
Enable
Reserved
Fault
Bypass A Bypass B
To enable the request fault light, we must set bit 5 in byte #3 (i.e., 20 hex), so the wwxxyy sequence must be
000020.
As we are controlling the device element, we must send a 01 to indicate a disk device. For our example, we'll select
the third device in the enclosure (corresponding to element # 2).
Put it all together, and you would send out -EP20102000020.
If we were to send out -EP20102000200, this will turn off the fault light, but turn on the identify light (assuming one
exists). Note that the fault light goes off because byte 3 (the yy field) has all zeros in it. The SES enclosure will stay
in whatever state you put it in, until either the enclosure decides to override that state or power is reset to the
enclosure. Everything is volatile. (There may be some exceptions for vendor-unique SES elements).
If you wanted to instruct the device to both request fault and force the bypass "A" path, and turn on the identify LED,
then send -EP20102000228.
1.13
Enclosure Services Configurator (SES)
As of release 1.20, the administrator has the ability to control selected characteristics of a SES-compliant enclosure.
Not all of the functions outlined in this chapter are supported by all enclosures. If you have any doubt whether or not a
particular firmware revision of your SES enclosure supports a particular function, please contact your storage vendor.
SMARTMon-ux sends SES commands according to the ANSI specification, but the specification does not require a
SES enclosure to support all of the functions which can be controlled by this software.
The following functions may be used together or in combination with other options with one or more enclosures on the
same command line. In all of these commands, the letter "n" indicates the SES device number for the particular
component. Per the ANSI SES specification, all devices start at unit zero. If you had a 16-disk enclosure, your disks
would be numbered from 0 to 15.
Visual fault indicators are the LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes). Manufacturers are free to use multiple LEDs, multi-color
LEDs, or single LEDs with different flashing frequencies to differentiate the indicators. Typically a manufacturer will
assign a yellow LED for the fault indicator, and one or two LEDs for identification. This software sends the commands
to control all possible LEDs defined by the ANSI SES specification. If you are unable to control individual LEDs with
this software, then please contact us. We will work with the manufacturer to determine whether or not they utilize
vendor-specific commands to control the control LEDs.
Some SES-compatible enclosures associate devices in the individual slots as array devices. The LSI SAS Shea
enclosure is one example. The -EPL family of commands were added in release 1.36 to support them. You will not
hurt anything by trying to control the various visual fault LEDs and send an unsupported command. The enclosure will
just ignore it. However, you should not attempt to use this software to turn off fans or power supplies on a production
system unless you know what you are doing, as some SES enclosures will freely let you turn off all of the fans and/or
power supplies.
Note also that all commands are case sensitive. In most cases, the capital letter instructs program to turn on
a feature, while the lower-case letter in the option instructs the feature to be turned off.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
-EPAMn
-EPAmn
-EPARn
-EPArn
-EPATxn
37
Mute audible alarm #n
Un-mute audible alarm #n
Set alarm #n to reminder mode
Clear alarm #n from reminder mode
Set alarm tone urgency control for alarm #n to x, where x is hex value 0 - F
(The vast majority of SES enclosures only support one or two tones. You may need to experiment
with the values).
-EPDFn
Enable visual fault indicator for device in slot #n
-EPDfn
Disable visual fault indicator for device in slot #n
-EPDIn
Identifies device in Slot #n
-EPDin
Disable identification for device in Slot #n
-EPLFn
Enable visual fault indicator for array device in slot #n
-EPLfn
Disable visual fault indicator for array device in slot #n
-EPLIn
Identifies array device in Slot #n
-EPLin
Disable identification for array device in Slot #n
-EPLRn
Enable visual rebuild indicator for array device in slot #n
-EPLrn
Disable visual rebuild indicator for array device in slot #n
-EPLSn
Enable visual remove indicator for array device in slot #n
-EPLsn
Disable visual remove indicator for array device in slot #n
-EP2ttnnwwxxyy 34 Sends bytes ww 36 , xx 36 , yy 36 to SES enclosure control page (#2) for
element type tt 35 number nn. This function is covered in detail in the next chapter,
Enclosure Services Reprogramming 34 .
Additional notes:
It is much more efficient to control several things with a single command. Therefore, if you wanted to light up the first
four fault lights and turn OFF the tenth fault light, send smartmon-ux -EPDF0 -EPDF1 -EPDF2 -EPDF3 -EPDf9
devicename
1.14
Enclosure Services Viewer (SES)
SCSI Enclosure Services, referred as SES in this document, is a command set that is used to manage and sense the
state of the power supplies, cooling devices, displays, indicators, individual drives, and other non-SCSI elements
installed in a fibre channel enclosure. If you have a SES-compliant enclosure, this software can decode and report
this information.
SMARTMon-ux supports the following SES-related viewing parameters:
· -E Polls SES status for the selected device at the next polling interval. If smartmon-ux is running in the
foreground, the status will appear on the screen. If the software is running in the background, SMARTMon-ux will
continue to run in the background, and the results will be saved to the default logging location specified by the
defaults and/or other run-time parameters.
· -E+ Displays full alphanumeric SES dump. If you have an enclosure where we report vendor-unique data, you will
see that also. Once everything is polled and reported, the program will terminate.
· -EH Displays hex dump of all SES configuration & status pages. You would ordinarily use this command to view
vendor-unique data that we do not decode with the -E+ option. Once everything is polled and reported, the
program will terminate.
· -EF Instructs the software to "discover" the SES information by a brute-force method, rather than invoking a SES
command which will report what enclosure data is available. The -EF option was added reluctantly because we
discovered an enclosure that was not ANSI compliant which rejected the query operation. If your enclosure does
not report any SES information, but you are sure it has that capability, you should try adding the -EF to one of the
above commands.
Unless you have a very inexpensive enclosure, your fibre-channel enclosure is probably SES-compliant. If you are not
sure, run smartmon-ux with the -E+ option and find out. Below is sample output from one of our enclosures when we
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
38
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
unplugged one of the power supplies.
root@morph smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -E+ /dev/sdc
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 30-NOV-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST336753FC S/N "3HX00LE3" on /dev/sdc [SES] (Not Enabling SMART)(35003 MB)
XYRATEX RS1600-FC2-FFX2 WWN=20-00-00-50-CC-00-7B-8E:
Configuration switches numbered from 1-12 as viewed from rear, top to bottom
Vendor-specific features (Notes) [SWITCH SETTING]
SoftSelect Mode
(Disabled) [SW11-OFF]
Drive Speed
(2 Gbit FC Mode)
Loop Config
(1 x 16 loop) [SW1-ON]
Hub Mode
(Enclosure in hub mode) [SW3-ON]
Reserved
(reserved) [SW4-OFF]
SES Report
(REPORT bit set on single)
Power Redundancy Indication (Enclosure indicates redundancy)
Ops Panel Muted Mode
(Enclosure in REMIND mode)
Drive Addressing Mode:
0 (1 x 16 JBOD)
Unit Select Switch:
1
Model is: Goshawk - Mylex FFX2 RAID 2Gbit dual port controller
Master LRC Firmware level: 35
SFP Host 0 Present (LoopA): YES
SFP Host 0 Good (A):
NO
SFP Host 1 Present (A):
YES
SFP Host 1 Good (A):
NO
SFP Expansion Present (A): NO
SFP Expansion Good (A):
NO
SFP Host 0 Present (LoopB): YES
SFP Host 0 Good (B):
NO
SFP Host 1 Present (B):
NO
SFP Host 1 Good (B):
NO
SFP Expansion Present (B): YES
SFP Expansion Good (B):
NO
Device #0 OK SelID=04h [Row=1 Col=1]
Device #1 Not Installed SelID=05h [Row=1 Col=2]
Device #2 OK SelID=06h [Row=1 Col=3]
Device #3 Not Installed SelID=07h [Row=1 Col=4]
Device #4 Not Installed SelID=08h [Row=2 Col=1]
Device #5 Not Installed SelID=09h [Row=2 Col=2]
Device #6 Not Installed SelID=0ah [Row=2 Col=3]
Device #7 Not Installed SelID=0bh [Row=2 Col=4]
Device #8 Not Installed SelID=0ch [Row=3 Col=1]
Device #9 Not Installed SelID=0dh [Row=3 Col=2]
Device #10 Not Installed SelID=0eh [Row=3 Col=3]
Device #11 Not Installed SelID=0fh [Row=3 Col=4]
Device #12 OK SelID=10h [Row=4 Col=1]
Device #13 Not Installed SelID=11h [Row=4 Col=2]
Device #14 OK SelID=12h [Row=4 Col=3]
Device #15 OK SelID=13h [Row=4 Col=4]
Power Supply #0 Critical DC Undervoltage AC failure DC failure [LED ON]
Power Supply #1 OK
Cooling Element #0 OK fan at speed 4
Cooling Element #1 OK fan at speed 4
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 104F/40C
Audible Alarm #0 OK ENABLED sounding CRITICAL
SESElectronics Processor #0 OK [ACTIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #1 OK [PASSIVE]
Threshold Information
Temperature Sensor #0:
Warning Range
30 - 74
Module Locations - Front View
Col-1
Col-2
Col-3
Col-4
+--------------------------------------+
|Dev #00 | Dev #01 | Dev #02 | Dev #03 |
|Dev #04 | Dev #05 | Dev #06 | Dev #07 |
|Dev #08 | Dev #09 | Dev #10 | Dev #11 |
|Dev #12 | Dev #13 | Dev #14 | Dev #15 |
+--------------------------------------+
Critical Range
20 - 78
Row-1
Row-2
Row-3
Row-4
Module Locations - Rear View
+--------------------------------------+
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
39
| PSU /
| 2nd | 1st |OPS | PSU /
|
| Cooling | LRC | LRC |Panel| Cooling |
| First
| 'B' | 'A' |
| Second |
|
#0
| #1 | #0 |
| #1
| <--SES ID#
+--------------------------------------+
Legend for Below: SN=Serial#, (optional)SC=Status Code
LRC-A: SN=PMT317000005619
LRC-B: SN=PMT317000005396
Power Supply#1: SN=IMS4204300008BB
Power Supply#2: SN=IMS4204300007F7
Program Ended.
· The text in RED represents the typical output that you would have regardless of your enclosure manufacturer. This
is the result of decoding only the ANSI-defined information. The BLUE text represents additional information that
might appear if you had an enclosure manufactured by Xyratex.
· If you invoke smartmon-ux with the -E option, the program will run in the background and poll your SES compliant
enclosure(s) at the same time it polls disk drives. If a problem is found, it generates an alert as specified by the
command-line options. If you invoke the program with the -E+ option, all of the current enclosure information will
display and the program will terminate.
· There are dozens of additional informational fields that this program can report, providing your enclosure
manufacturer reports that information to the SES electronics in their engine. Our software reports all SES
elements 35 defined in the specification.
Here is the output from a HP A6214 enclosure for comparison. This enclosure implements SES differently, as it
exposes a SES-specific Fibre Channel ID. The Xyratex enclosure implemented SES services via a pass-through disk
drive. Both methods are defined by the ANSI specification, and both are supported by our software.
Discovered HP A6214A S/N "R16RH1394676" on /dev/rscsi/c4t15d0 [SES] (Enclosure Services)
HP
A6214A
WWN=50-06-0B-00-00-0C-62-8A:
Device #0 OK Slot=00h
Device #1 OK Slot=01h
Device #2 OK Slot=02h
Device #3 Not Available Slot=03h
Device #4 OK Slot=04h
Device #5 OK Slot=05h
Device #6 OK Slot=06h
Device #7 OK Slot=07h
Device #8 OK Slot=08h
Device #9 OK Slot=09h
Device #10 OK Slot=0ah
Device #11 OK Slot=0bh
Device #12 OK Slot=0ch
Device #13 OK Slot=0dh
Device #14 OK Slot=0eh
Power Supply #0 OK
Power Supply #1 OK
Cooling Element #0 OK fan at speed 4
Cooling Element #1 OK fan at speed 4
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 93F/34C
Temperature Sensor #1 OK 95F/35C
Audible Alarm #0 OK ENABLED
SESElectronics Processor #0 OK [ACTIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #1 OK [PASSIVE]
SCSIPort #0 OK This device did NOT participate in transmission of SES info [Link DOWN]
SCSIPort #1 OK This device did NOT participate in transmission of SES info [Link UP]
SCSIPort #2 OK This device did NOT participate in transmission of SES info [Link DOWN]
SCSIPort #3 OK This device did NOT participate in transmission of SES info [Link DOWN]
VoltageSensor #0 OK Input voltage 33.2 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #1 OK Input voltage 51.2 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #2 OK Input voltage 121.6 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #3 OK Input voltage 33.2 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #4 OK Input voltage 51.6 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #5 OK Input voltage 122.4 VAC RMS
VendorSpecific Device (80) Status: 01 00 00 00
VendorSpecific Device (81) Status: 01 00 01 00
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
40
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Note that this devices contains some vendor-specific information and supports a few more sensors (primarily voltage).
Other SES Information
In addition to the information you see above, this software reports and decodes SES Pages 5 (SES Threshold Page),
SES Page 6 (SES Array Status Page), SES Page 3 (SES Help Text), SES Page 7 (SES Descriptor Text), SES Page
A (SES Array) Not all enclosures report all of this information. See the Vendor-unique enclosure information 41
screen for some sample dumps.
1.14.1 Vendor-Unique Enclosure Data
There is a significant amount of code (several thousand lines) in SMARTMonUX to deal with reporting vendor-unique
data from a variety of SES-compliant enclosure manufacturers. Furthermore, as enclosure manufacturers typically
sell into the OEM and reseller marketplace, having access to this information can provide you valuable information
which might not be available through tools offered by your subsystem supplier.
Below is a list of information on enclosure manufacturers and some of the vendor-unique information that we report. If
your manufacturer is not listed, it is still quite probable that a significant amount of hidden, vendor-unique data will still
be reported ... information that is NOT available via programs supplied by your storage vendor. That is because the
vast majority of storage vendors do not make their own enclosures, rather they select off-the-shelf or customized
SES-compliant enclosures from one of a small family of enclosure manufacturers and brand it as their own. Because
of non-disclosure constraints, we cannot reveal all of the products we provide additional information on, but we can
provide the following information:
Make
DotHill
Model(s)
Vendor-Unique Data/Notes (All returned with -E+ 37 unless otherwise
noted)
· Fan RPM details (cross references speed setting with actual RPMs)
SANnet 2
SANnet II
SANnet 1
Intel
McKay Creek 45 Intel
· CPU temperature, DIMMs, Motherboard
Storage Server family
computers (SSR212MC and
SSR212MC2)
LSI 41
Pro Fibre Family 41
· Feature code and serial numbers for SES elements
Shea SAS/SATA Family 42 · Feature codes, all serial numbers of components and full configuration
information
Newisys 2240 and 2241 family of SAS · Feature code and serial numbers for SES elements
enclosures
· Feature codes, all serial numbers of components and full configuration
information
Xyratex Salient Family, SAS EBOD · Everything
family
Xyratex Goshawk (16 & 12 bays)
· LRC or ESH firmware and part no
includes enclosures with
· Most dip switch settings
RAID engines
· In & Out Port, Host, Loop and Expansion present and good status where
applicable.
· SES Device layout map - device slot and module locations
· FRU information
Xyratex Osprey / Hawk (14 bays)
· LRC or ESH firmware and part no
· OPS firmware, type and part no
· Enclosure serial number
· Device layout map - device slot and module locations
· FRU information
Xyratex All switched ("Firebird"
· Firebird-equipped switching enclosures also report:
45
equipped enclosures) also
· Hex dump of ESH pages 80h - 85h (-EH 37 )
display this info
· Element 80 status text is polled (-E 37 and -E+ 37 )
· ESH Port A/B Event status pages 80h & 81h for each device and host.
43
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Make
Model(s)
All
All
Vendor-Unique Data/Notes (All returned with -E+ 37 unless otherwise
noted)
Includes error counters, utilization %, and clock information.
· ESH Port A/B Config pages 82h & 83h which includes error thresholds,
status bits, and global control settings
· ESH Loop A/B Config pages 86h & 87h
· ASCII Hex bytes for all vendor-unique elements while polling (-E 37 )
Output from Various SES Enclosures (We changed only the serial and WWN numbers for privacy reasons).
Sun SES Enclosure
SUNWGS INT FCBPL WWN=50-80-02-00-00-88-88-88:
Device #0 OK Slot=00h
Device #1 OK Slot=01h
Device #2 Not Installed Slot=02h
Device #3 OK Slot=03h
Device #4 Not Installed Slot=04h
Device #5 Not Installed Slot=05h
Device #6 Unsupported Slot=08h
Device #7 Unsupported Slot=09h
Device #8 Unsupported Slot=0ah
Device #9 Unsupported Slot=0bh
Device #10 Unsupported Slot=0ch
Device #11 Unsupported Slot=0dh
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 81F/27C
Temperature Sensor #1 Not Installed
SSC100 (Base Backplane)
#0 OK
SSC100 (Base LoopB)
#1 OK
SSC100 (Expansion Backplane) #2 Not Installed
SSC100 (Expansion LoopB)
#3 Not Installed
Language Element #0 Unsupported
SES Firmware Revision:
"9226"
Element Type Descriptors Information
Device
= "Disks - 6 Base (Std), 6 Expansion (Opt)"
Temperature Sensor
= "Temperature Sensors - 0 Base, 1 Expansion"
VendorUnique Element (82)
= "SSC100's - 0=Base Bkpln, 1=Base LoopB, 2=Exp Bkpln, 3=Exp LoopB"
Language Element
= "Default Language is USA English, ASCII"
Element Descriptors Information
SSC100 (Base Backplane)
(0)
SSC100 (Base LoopB)
(1)
SSC100 (Expansion Backplane) (2)
SSC100 (Expansion LoopB)
(3)
41
"9226/
"9226/
"0000/
"0000/
FD99 9"
FD99 0"
0000 0"
0000"
LSI (formerly IBM) ProFibre
LSI DF4000J WWN=20-00-00-80-E5-88-88-88:
Device #0 OK Slot=00h
Device #1 OK Slot=01h
Device #2 OK Slot=02h
Device #3 OK Slot=03h
Device #4 OK Slot=04h
Device #5 OK Slot=05h
Device #6 OK Slot=06h
Device #7 Not Installed Slot=07h
Device #8 Not Installed Slot=08h
Device #9 Not Installed Slot=09h
Device #10 Not Installed Slot=0ah
Device #11 Not Installed Slot=0bh
Device #12 Not Installed Slot=0ch
Device #13 Not Installed Slot=0dh
Device #14 OK Slot=0eh
Power Supply #0 OK
Power Supply #1 OK
Cooling Element #0 OK fan at lowest speed
Cooling Element #1 OK fan at lowest speed
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
42
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Cooling Element #2 OK fan at lowest speed
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 106F/41C
Temperature Sensor #1 OK 99F/37C
SESElectronics Processor #0 OK [ACTIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #1 OK [PASSIVE]
SES Firmware Revision:
"0310"
Element Descriptors Information
Power Supply (0)
Power Supply (1)
Cooling Element (0)
Cooling Element (1)
Cooling Element (2)
SESElectronics Processor (0)
SESElectronics Processor (1)
Threshold Information
Temperature Sensor #0:
Temperature Sensor #1:
"FN
"FN
"FN
"FN
"FN
"FN
"FN
07N2030
07N2030
07N2030
07N2030
07N2029
07N2026
07N2026
Warning Range
35 - 74
35 - 74
SN
SN
SN
SN
SN
SN
SN
1Z3YE1C8888"
1Z3YE23Z888"
1Z3YE1C7777"
1Z3YE23Z888"
1Z3YC1C9999"
1Z3Y61C8888"
1Z3Y61C9999"
Critical Range
28 - 78
28 - 78
LSI SAS Shea Enclosure
LSILOGIC SYM3600-SAS WWN=10-00-00-A0-B8-1D-2A-84:
Vendor-specific features (Notes)
Backplane FRU P/N:
PN 14617-01RWK
System serial number:
SN 0617053320
FRU vendor:
VN ENGENIO
FRU manufacture date:
DT 05/2006
FRU type:
FT MIDPLANE
ESM P/N:
PN 21204-06
ESM serial number:
SN SX70500654
ESM vendor:
VN ENGENIO
ESM manufacture date:
DT 02/2007
ESM type:
FT 3600_ESM
PSU(0) P/N:
PN 14572-05
PSU(0) serial number:
SN ZST061400474
PSU(0) vendor:
VN ENGENIO
PSU(0) manufacture date:
DT 04/2006
PSU(0) type:
FT PWRSUPLY
PSU(1) P/N:
PN 14572-05
PSU(1) serial number:
SN ZST061400486
PSU(1) vendor:
VN ENGENIO
PSU(1) manufacture date:
DT 04/2006
PSU(1) type:
FT PWRSUPLY
ArrayDevice #0 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=1]
ArrayDevice #1 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=2]
ArrayDevice #2 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=3]
ArrayDevice #3 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=4]
ArrayDevice #4 Not Installed SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=1]
ArrayDevice #5 OK SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=2]
ArrayDevice #6 Not Installed SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=3]
ArrayDevice #7 Not Installed SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=4]
ArrayDevice #8 Not Installed SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=1]
ArrayDevice #9 Not Installed SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=2]
ArrayDevice #10 Not Installed SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=3]
ArrayDevice #11 OK SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=4]
Enclosure #No visual failure indication,No visual warning indication,No failure requested,No warning
requested
SESElectronics Processor #0 OK [ACTIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #1 OK [PASSIVE]
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 81F/27C
Temperature Sensor #1 OK 81F/27C
Temperature Sensor #2 OK 82F/28C
Temperature Sensor #3 OK 77F/25C
Cooling Element #0 OK fan at speed 3 [actual speed 3450 rpm]
Cooling Element #1 OK fan at speed 3 [actual speed 3500 rpm]
Cooling Element #2 OK fan at speed 3 [actual speed 3720 rpm]
Cooling Element #3 OK fan at speed 3 [actual speed 3770 rpm]
Power Supply #0 OK
Power Supply #1 OK
VoltageSensor #0 OK Input voltage 116.2 VAC RMS
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
VoltageSensor #1 OK Input
VoltageSensor #2 OK Input
VoltageSensor #3 OK Input
VoltageSensor #4 OK Input
VoltageSensor #5 OK Input
VoltageSensor #6 OK Input
Tray #0 0 OK TrayID=2
SES Firmware Revision:
voltage
voltage
voltage
voltage
voltage
voltage
33.0
33.0
17.9
17.9
12.0
11.9
VAC
VAC
VAC
VAC
VAC
VAC
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
"0166"
Element Type Descriptors Information
SESElectronics Processor
= "3"
Tray
= "Shea Tray"
Element Descriptors Information
Array Device (0)
Array Device (1)
Array Device (2)
Array Device (3)
Array Device (4)
Array Device (5)
Array Device (6)
Array Device (7)
Array Device (8)
Array Device (9)
Array Device (10)
Array Device (11)
Enclosure (0)
3 (0)
3600_ESM"
3 (1)
3600_ESM"
Power Supply (0)
PWRSUPLY"
Power Supply (1)
PWRSUPLY"
Shea Tray (0)
MIDPLANE"
"SLOT 01"
"SLOT 02"
"SLOT 03"
"SLOT 04"
"SLOT 05"
"SLOT 06"
"SLOT 07"
"SLOT 08"
"SLOT 09"
"SLOT 10"
"SLOT 11"
"SLOT 12"
"ENCLOSURE 02"
"PN 21204-06
SN SX70500654
VN ENGENIO
DT 02/2007
FT
"PN 21204-06
SN SX70500665
VN ENGENIO
DT 02/2007
FT
"PN 14572-05
SN ZST061400474 VN ENGENIO
DT 04/2006
FT
"PN 14572-05
SN ZST061400486 VN ENGENIO
DT 04/2006
FT
"PN 14617-01RWK
SN 0617053320
DT 05/2006
FT
VN ENGENIO
Module Locations - Front View
Col-1
Col-2
Col-3
Col-4
+--------------------------------------+
|SLOT 01 | SLOT 02 | SLOT 03 | SLOT 04 | Row-1
|SLOT 05 | SLOT 06 | SLOT 07 | SLOT 08 | Row-2
|SLOT 09 | SLOT 10 | SLOT 11 | SLOT 12 | Row-3
+--------------------------------------+
Module Locations - Rear View
+--------------------------------------+
| PSU / Cooling
| PSU / Cooling
|
| First
| Second #1
|
+--------------------------------------+
Internal Device Information
Bay Type
SAS Expander Address
SAS Device Address
-----------------------------------------------------------1
SAS 50-0A-0B-82-E0-89-40-00 50-00-C5-00-06-94-C6-E9
2
SAS 50-0A-0B-82-E0-89-40-00 50-00-C5-00-06-94-BE-85
3
SAS 50-0A-0B-82-E0-89-40-00 50-00-C5-00-06-94-BB-79
4
SAS 50-0A-0B-82-E0-89-40-00 50-00-C5-00-06-94-BE-AD
6
SAS 50-0A-0B-82-E0-89-40-00 50-00-C5-00-06-94-C0-DD
12
SAS 50-0A-0B-82-E0-89-40-00 50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FD
DotHill
DotHill ERMFC SANnet
Device #0 OK Slot=00h
Device #1 OK Slot=01h
Device #2 OK Slot=02h
Device #3 OK Slot=03h
Device #4 OK Slot=04h
WWN=20-20-00-C0-FF-88-88-88:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
43
44
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Device #5 OK Slot=05h
Device #6 OK Slot=06h
Device #7 OK Slot=07h
Device #8 OK Slot=08h
Device #9 OK Slot=09h
Device #10 OK Slot=ffh
Device #11 OK Slot=ffh
Power Supply #0 OK
Power Supply #1 OK
Power Supply #2 OK
Cooling Element #0 OK fan at intermediate speed
Cooling Element #1 OK fan at intermediate speed
Cooling Element #2 OK fan at intermediate speed
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 75F/24C
Temperature Sensor #1 OK 84F/29C
Temperature Sensor #2 OK 77F/25C
Temperature Sensor #3 OK 79F/26C
Temperature Sensor #4 OK 72F/22C
Temperature Sensor #5 OK 88F/31C
Temperature Sensor #6 OK 84F/29C
Audible Alarm #0 OK ENABLED
NonvolatileCache Unit #Unsupported
Language Element #0 Unsupported
VoltageSensor #0 OK Input voltage 53.0 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #1 OK Input voltage 122.7 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #2 OK Input voltage 53.0 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #3 OK Input voltage 122.8 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #4 OK Input voltage 53.0 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #5 OK Input voltage 122.8 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #6 OK Input voltage 50.3 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #7 OK Input voltage 120.2 VAC RMS
VoltageSensor #8 Unsupported
VoltageSensor #9 Unsupported
Event Reporting Module Cards #0 OK
Event Reporting Module Cards #1 OK
Drive I/O Cards #0 OK
Drive I/O Cards #1 Non-Critical
Host I/O Cards #0 OK
Host I/O Cards #1 Not Installed
Host I/O Cards #2 OK
Host I/O Cards #3 Not Installed
SES Firmware Revision:
"B300"
Help Text
For questions regarding the SANnet FC, please contact Dot Hill Systems Technical Support at +1 (212)
989-4455
or toll-free (800) 727-3836 in the U.S.
Element Type Descriptors Information
Device
= "Disk Drives and RAID Controllers"
Power Supply
= "Power Supplies"
Cooling Element
= "Cooling Fans"
Temperature Sensor
= "Temperature Sensors"
Audible Alarm
= "Alarm"
NonvolatileCache Unit
= "EEPROM"
Language Element
= "Language"
VoltageSensor
= "Power Supply Voltage Sensors"
VendorUnique Element (80)
= "Event Reporting Module Cards"
VendorUnique Element (81)
= "Drive I/O Cards"
VendorUnique Element (82)
= "Host I/O Cards"
Threshold Information
Temperature Sensors #0:
Temperature Sensors #1:
Temperature Sensors #2:
Temperature Sensors #3:
Temperature Sensors #4:
Temperature Sensors #5:
Temperature Sensors #6:
Warning Range
22 - 65
22 - 65
22 - 65
22 - 65
22 - 65
22 - 65
22 - 65
Critical Range
20 - 75
20 - 75
20 - 75
20 - 75
20 - 75
20 - 75
20 - 75
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
45
XYRATEX SBOD & EBOD (1603)
(Not shown)
1.14.2 Intel SSR212MC2 Enclosure
The software now enumerates Intel's McKay Creek family of enclosures. This product is also known as the Intel
Storage Server SSR212MC2. Unlike the bundled software that Intel supplies, smartmon-ux supports Solaris, all 64-bit
windows variants, and numerous 32/64-bit LINUX variants. SMARTMon-UX is capable of providing full control,
configuration, and monitoring. It will also provide flexibility to use "unsupported" peripherals and controllers, let you
manually or automatically manipulate the LEDs and audible alarms using the standard -EPxx family commands 35 .
Below is the full SES dump as seen on a system running a custom 64-bit kernel
(Note: We discovered a firmware bug in build B55 of the firmware. As of June 2008, they have acknowledge the
defect, and are working on a fix. Specifically, the system is not reporting temperature for CPU1).
# /etc/smartmon-ux -E+ /dev/sg13
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 30-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Enclosure fault on Intel
SSR212MC
WWN=50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00:
ArrayDevice #0 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=1]
ArrayDevice #1 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=2]
ArrayDevice #2 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=3]
ArrayDevice #3 OK SelID=00h [Row=1 Col=4]
ArrayDevice #4 OK SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=1]
ArrayDevice #5 OK SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=2]
ArrayDevice #6 OK SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=3]
ArrayDevice #7 OK SelID=00h [Row=2 Col=4]
ArrayDevice #8 OK SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=1]
ArrayDevice #9 OK SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=2]
ArrayDevice #10 OK SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=3]
ArrayDevice #11 OK SelID=00h [Row=3 Col=4]
Power Supply #0 OK
Power Supply #1 Not Installed
Cooling Element #0 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 9300 rpm]
Cooling Element #1 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 9900 rpm]
Cooling Element #2 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 9100 rpm]
Cooling Element #3 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 10000 rpm]
Cooling Element #4 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 9300 rpm]
Cooling Element #5 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 10000 rpm]
Cooling Element #6 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 9400 rpm]
Cooling Element #7 OK fan at 90% speed [actual speed 10500 rpm]
Cooling Element #8 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 9100 rpm]
Cooling Element #9 OK fan at 80% speed [actual speed 10000 rpm]
Temperature Sensor #0 OK 84F/29C
Temperature Sensor #1 OK 79F/26C
Temperature Sensor #2 OK 99F/37C below cpu threshold
Temperature Sensor #3 Not Installed
Temperature Sensor #4 OK 97F/36C
Temperature Sensor #5 OK 79F/26C below cpu threshold
DoorLock #0 OK LOCKED
Audible Alarm #0 OK ENABLED
SESElectronics Processor #0 OK [PASSIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #1 OK [PASSIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #2 OK [PASSIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #3 OK [PASSIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #4 OK [PASSIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #5 OK [PASSIVE]
SESElectronics Processor #6 OK [PASSIVE]
Display Unit #0 OK OFF [Amber fault LED]
Display Unit #1 OK OFF [Blue chassis ID LED]
SAS Connector #0 N/A
T10 Compliance #0 OK [T10 compliance=OFF, Acoustic Mode=Unsupported]
SES Firmware Revision:
"3155"
Element Descriptors Information
Array Device (0)
Array Device (1)
"Dk0"
"Dk1"
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
46
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Array Device (2)
Array Device (3)
Array Device (4)
Array Device (5)
Array Device (6)
Array Device (7)
Array Device (8)
Array Device (9)
Array Device (10)
Array Device (11)
Power Supply (0)
Power Supply (1)
Cooling Element (0)
Cooling Element (1)
Cooling Element (2)
Cooling Element (3)
Cooling Element (4)
Cooling Element (5)
Cooling Element (6)
Cooling Element (7)
Cooling Element (8)
Cooling Element (9)
Temperature Sensor (0)
Temperature Sensor (1)
Temperature Sensor (2)
Temperature Sensor (3)
Temperature Sensor (4)
Temperature Sensor (5)
SESElectronics Processor
SESElectronics Processor
SESElectronics Processor
SESElectronics Processor
SESElectronics Processor
SESElectronics Processor
SESElectronics Processor
Display Unit (0)
Display Unit (1)
SAS Expander (0)
T10 Compliance (0)
Threshold Information
Temperature Sensor #0:
Temperature Sensor #1:
Temperature Sensor #2:
Temperature Sensor #3:
Temperature Sensor #4:
Temperature Sensor #5:
(0)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
"Dk2"
"Dk3"
"Dk4"
"Dk5"
"Dk6"
"Dk7"
"Dk8"
"Dk9"
"Dk10"
"Dk11"
"PSUL"
"PSUU"
"Fn0"
"Fn1"
"Fn2"
"Fn3"
"Fn4"
"Fn5"
"Fn6"
"Fn7"
"Fn8"
"Fn9"
"Int"
"Ext"
"CPU0"
"CPU1"
"Mobo"
"DIMM"
"EMC/CPLD Ver-0x3-0x1"
"01A"
"Intel Starlake S5000PSL"
"Woodcrest Xeon"
"Woodcrest Xeon"
"IntelSRCSAS144E"
"DIMM"
"Flt"
"ID"
"Exp"
"T10"
Warning Range
16 - 42
8 - 33
158 - 253
158 - 253
16 - 63
158 - 253
Critical Range
16 - 44
8 - 35
142 - 254
142 - 254
16 - 65
142 - 254
Module Locations - Front View
Col-1
Col-2
Col-3
Col-4
+--------------------------------------+
|SLOT 00 | SLOT 01 | SLOT 02 | SLOT 03 | Row-1
|SLOT 04 | SLOT 05 | SLOT 06 | SLOT 07 | Row-2
|SLOT 08 | SLOT 09 | SLOT 10 | SLOT 11 | Row-3
+--------------------------------------+
Module Locations - Rear View
+--------------------------------------+
| PSU1/ Cooling
| Rest of system IO |
| PSU0/ Cooling
| ports from Mobo
|
+--------------------------------------+
Internal Device Information
Bay Type
SAS Expander Address
SAS Device Address
-----------------------------------------------------------1 SATA 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-01
2 SATA 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-02
3 SATA 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-03
4 SATA 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-04
5 SATA 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-05
6 SATA 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00 50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-06
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
7
8
9
10
11
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
SATA
1.15
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-00
47
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-07
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-08
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-09
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-0A
50-05-0C-C1-01-AB-C7-0B
Flash Firmware
This feature, introduced in build 1.22, allows you to flash firmware on selected SCSI, SAS, and Fibre channel family
peripherals. It is not limited to disk drives.
Usage
smartmon-ux -flash [-confirm] FirmwareImageFile Device_list
22
If you provide the name of more than one device in the list, the program will continue to flash all devices in the list,
after the first disk is flashed. If there is a problem with flashing any disk, the program immediately terminates with an
appropriate error message. (If it is a result of a disk error, sense information will be provided to lend insight into the
problem).
Example (Flashing a 73 GB Seagate U320 Cheetah disk with Firmware revision "0005"
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -flash /tmp/0005.LOD /dev/sdc
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.22, Build 22-AUG-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sd2 (Not Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
****************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have instructed the operating system to flash firmware. No checks will *
*
be made to verify that the device you plan to flash isn't mounted or in
*
*
use in any way.
*
*
*
*
Once the firmware image has been uploaded, then it may take a few minutes *
*
for the target device to save the new firmware and reboot. If you are
*
*
flashing a disk drive then it will spin down then up. Some devices are
*
*
vulnerable during this phase, and if you lose power during the reboot,
*
*
then they may be left without a valid firmware image, and will effectively *
*
become brain-dead. SANtools, Seagate, and other vendors formally specify
*
*
that you back up data before flashing firmware, and insure you have a UPS *
*
to prevent power loss.
*
*
*
*
If you provided a list of targets to flash, then they will be processed
*
*
in order, once each target device reboots after a successful update.
*
*
*
*
As disks will appear dead to the O/S during the reboot, then you may see
*
*
some error messages, and have to force a device discovery.
*
*
*
*
(LINUX typically requires you to rmmod and insmod the device driver, so
*
*
if you are booted to the same controller you are flashing disks on, then
*
*
you'll probably have to reboot the computer once all disks have spun up.) *
*
*
*
You should also record all mode page settings before and after the flash
*
*
and make appropriate changes before placing the disk back in service.
*
*
*
*
If you are attempting to flash an unsupported disk, or one pre-loaded with *
*
OEM firmware that relabels the disk's vendor/product IDs so it reports
*
*
it is made by another company, such as Dell, EMC, NetApp, or SUN, then
*
*
there is no guarantee that the image will be loaded. If the new firmware *
*
is rejected by the disk, then SMARTMon-UX will return with an appropriate *
*
error message.
*
****************************************************************************************
Are you sure you want to do this, and is your data backed up? Answer "YES"
Do you wish to attempt to flash firmware temporarily, so the drive will revert to the original
firmware release once the disk is power-cycled? This should be done if there is any
doubt of compatibility. (Not all disks and firmware release accept this technique).
Flashing
................................. Sending final chunk - Completed
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
48
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Please allow sufficient time for drive to reset.
Terminating program.
(Note: LINUX users will also see the text below:)
"LINUX typically requires you to rmmod and insmod the device driver, so
if you are booted to the same controller you are flashing disks on, then
you'll probably have to reboot the computer once all disks have spun up.)"
Frequently Asked Questions
How does SMARTMon-UX identify firmware?
The program determines if you have a supported device by examining the vendor and product ID fields. If the vendor
ID is "SEAGATE", we obviously have a Seagate disk, so no further checking is required. As some vendors change
the vendor-ID to their own company name, but use stock firmware and stock models of disks, the program also
assumes that any disk drive where the model starts with "ST" is also a Seagate drive, and the software will allow you
to flash the disk. If the model number does not begin with "ST", chances are high that you have custom firmware
which probably will not be compatible with this software.
If the disk drive manufacturer begins with "FUJ" (Fuji), and the model is a MAN or MAP family device, or the Vendor
name is HITACHI, the program will be allowed to flash the firmware.
Can I convert a Seagate disk into an EMC or NetApp disk?
Don't waste your time. It won't work. You may *think* you have the right firmware image, but you don't. Vendors will
not release firmware that turns a off-the-shelf disk into a branded EMC, NetApp, or other disk. The firmware images
that these vendors supply are designed to check for the appropriate Vendor/Product IDs before the process begins. If
the disk doesn't already report itself as a EMC disk, for example, then the update will fail.
How do I Obtain Firmware?
Contact your hardware vendor. Firmware (particularly Seagate firmware) is not in the public domain and is not
normally posted online. We are not allowed, due to contractual limitations, to send firmware to anybody.
What are the Risks?
Worst case, you turn your disk drive into a paper weight. This can happen if power is interrupted between the time the
firmware is downloaded into the disk, and while the disk is running the upgrade, which typically takes 1 - 5 minutes.
Some firmware images are so large, that the disk cannot keep both copies resident. If the upgrade aborts, your disk
has no firmware left to run. This is why you should always make sure your data is backed up. As many Seagate disk
drives only have enough room for one firmware image, a failure means your disk will lose the firmware it currently has.
If you flash the wrong firmware image (and there can be dozens of images that will work for your disk), unpredictable
things will happen. Your operating system may not communicate with the disk, the number of usable blocks could
change, application software or your O/S could break because it is expecting certain identity strings that were
changed, etc ...
If the drive's saved mode pages are different from the factory pages, this could cause problems for application
software, RAID controllers, and so on. Always save mode page information before changing firmware, and make sure
the mode page settings after the flash are appropriate. Sometimes Seagate makes changes to default and factory
mode pages between firmware revisions.
You can decrease the risk by flashing the image in a temporary mode (see example). This places the new firmware in
a volatile buffer, and after the disk does a warm reboot, it will be running the new firmware. Not all disks support this
feature, but you will not harm disks in any way by attempting to see if the temporary flash is accepted. The temporary
flashed disk will revert to the original firmware release after a power cycle.
With all of the Risk, Why Bother Upgrading Firmware in the First Place?
Skilled system administrators, disk subsystem manufacturers, resellers, OEMs, and VARs use this software, and are
typically privy to disk firmware images and release notes that cover specifics of a new firmware image. They typically
understand the risk/reward scenario, can assess whether or not a firmware upgrade (or downgrade) is appropriate
and correct and know about mode pages.
If you do not possess such knowledge and
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
49
experience, then do not flash new firmware. Have somebody that knows what
they are doing to assist you.
I only have one disk, and I want to flash new firmware on it.
SMARTMon-UX does not care what disk you flash, other than checking to see if it is supported. If you want to flash
your boot disk, and have it spin down for a few minutes and not service I/O commands, the software will not stand in
your way. Your operating system will crash, of course, but it will probably work. Our recommendation is that you do
not attempt this.
Will SANtools help me figure out what firmware I need, or where to get it?
No. We have no idea what firmware image you need. If you have to ask this question, we feel that you should not be
changing firmware in the first place.
How do I know when the flash is complete?
Disks generally spin down, then a spin up to indicate the process has been completed. However, since drive
manufacturers create custom firmware images for certain OEMs, the spin down/pinup cycle will not necessarily be
seen everywhere. The best thing to do is consult the release notes, or just give it plenty of time (like 10 minutes for a
200+ GB model). Just because SMARTMon-UX returned to the O/S prompt, does not mean that the disk has
completed the upgrade.
1.16
Flash SES Firmware
This allows you to flash firmware on SES compliant enclosures. The -flashses and -flashses7 commands use
different low-level SCSI command codes then the -flash 47 command.
Usage
smartmon-ux -flashses [-confirm] FirmwareImageFile Device_list 22
- or smartmon-ux -flashses7 [-confirm] FirmwareImageFile Device_list 22
The -flashses command performs a non-disruptive firmware update. This can be done while the enclosure is
on-line, and the disk drives are servicing I/Os with live data. Engineers call this a mode E update. The enclosure will
continue to use the old firmware until it is power-cycled. The new firmware will just stay dormant and the enclosure will
continue to run with the older firmware. Unfortunately, not all enclosures (and firmware revisions) support this
method. LSI enclosures, for example, only support the -flashses option once the enclosure is running a certain
firmware revision.
We recommend trying the -flashses option first. The program will tell you if your enclosure rejected the update. If the
update is rejected, then use the -flashses7 command.
The -flashses7 command uses the mode 7 update method. The firmware is sent to the enclosure, then the
enclosure automatically reboots with the new firmware. If you have mounted disks in the enclosure, then I/O's may or
may not be disrupted during the enclosure firmware update. You need to contact your enclosure vendor to determine
if there is a risk of losing I/Os during an enclosure firmware update.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I get the firmware file?
Contact your hardware vendor. Firmware is intellectual property of your vendor. We are not allowed, due to
contractual limitations, to send firmware to anybody. You should also contact your vendor and find out if the enclosure
and firmware you are currently running supports the Mode E method of updating firmware. If so, use the -flashses
command instead of the -flashses7 command. If your vendor support rep doesn't know, or won't tell you, then just
try the -flashses command first. It won't hurt anything if the command is rejected.
What are the Risks?
Disk I/Os may be interrupted if you have to use the -flashses7 command.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
50
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
If you flash the wrong firmware image, then unpredictable things will happen. Make sure you have the right firmware
file. Read the release notes for the firmware update to determine if new firmware will do more harm than good.
Will SANtools help me figure out what firmware I need, or where to get it?
No. We have no idea what firmware image you need. If you have to ask this question, we feel that you should not be
changing firmware in the first place.
Anything else I need to know?
SES enclosures typically have more than one processor (CPU device). You need to make sure you flash all SES
processors.
1.17
Format Disk
The -format option, introduced in build 1.25 can be used to perform a low-level format of a SCSI, Fibre channel, or
IBM SSA type disk drive. This command sends out the FORMAT UNIT command which performs a physical
formatting of the disk drive. Depending on the options you supply, and the capabilities of the disk drive, you can use
this feature to clear the grown defects (GLIST) table, change the layout of the remapped data or specify a certain data
pattern to be written over the disk drive.
The -format option will only be accepted for disk drives. If you try to format a CDROM, for example, you will get an
error. The command will also be rejected for ATA type disks as well, as there is arguably no reason why this
command should ever be issued to an ATA family disk drive. Also, the command will only format one drive at a time,
and the program will stay "locked up" until the operation has been completed. It will not send any additional
commands to the drive until the format is complete. If your command-line uses wild-cards, or if you give it the device
name for more than one disk drive, only the first disk will be selected for formatting.
Usage
smartmon-ux -format DeviceName
Example
C:\>smartmon-ux -format \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target19Lun0
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.25-RC2, Build 13-MAR-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
***************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have instructed the software to reformat the selected disk. No checks *
*
will be made to verify that the disk isn't mounted or in use in any way. *
*
(Although reformatting your boot disk will blow the O/S, it will work.)
*
*
*
*
The process could take several hours to complete, and this program will
*
*
lock up until either the formatting is complete or the drive rejects the *
*
command. Once the command is sent to the device, the software will
*
*
suspend and wait for the action to complete.
*
*
*
*
Your operating system may attempt to query the disk unless you have
*
*
unmounted it (unassigned drive letter in Windows, umount in UNIX/LINUX). *
*
*
*
As a formatting disk is going to appear dead to your operating system,
*
*
you may have to endure some error or system log messages, or even force
*
*
the system to rediscover devices after the process has formatting has
*
*
been completed. WARNING: If the formatting is interrupted due to
*
*
a power failure or an external hardware/software problem, then you must
*
*
reformat the disk as this is the only way to recover from an incomplete
*
*
format.
*
*
*
*
If you are formatting a disk as part of a disk drive firmware update and *
*
drive cloning procedure, don't forget to also clone the mode pages
*
*
BEFORE reformatting, as the disk topology (sector sizes) and defect
*
*
layout are defined in the mode pages and used by the disk as part of
*
*
the formatting process.
*
***************************************************************************************
This will format the SEAGATE ST336605FC disk at \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target19Lun0
Do you want to clear the grown defects (GLIST) as the disk is formatted? <Y/N>: N
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
51
Do you want to assign a custom (non-zero) defect list format or assign vendor-unique settings? <Y/N>: N
Are you sure you want to do this? Answer "YES" to begin the low-level format, anything else exits program:
YES
Sending command .... This will be last text you see until format complete or rejected.
Formatting ... [This is where the cursor will stay until format complete] completed ... Program terminating.
Command Options
Once you see the warning message after you invoke this command, you will be given the opportunity to select some
additional features which must be defined before the format command is sent to the disk drive. The reason is these
additional functions can only be performed on a disk at the time you format it. This is not a SMARTMonUX limitation.
These constraints are within the ANSI SCSI specification.
Do not combine the -format command with any other options. As this feature is destructive, it may not be run in
batch mode, and requires you to enter YES before the program begins reformatting your disk drive.
You may add the -confirm command which will suppress the are-you-sure. We strongly recommend you only use
this in a batch test environment where you know exactly what you are doing. You will not be able to stop the process
once you press return.
Clear Grown Defects
Disks typically (but not always) maintain a list of factory (called primary defects, or PLIST) and grown defects, called
the GLIST. There may also be a DLIST. The primary defect list is created at time of manufacture and cannot be
altered. The GLIST is built after time of manufacture and grow as either the disk detects areas as data is written, or
the operating system detects a problem with an area of the disk and reassigns the data to another location.
SMARTMonUX allows you to clear the grown defect list at the time you format the disk, or more correctly, allows you
to turn on this feature that is inherent in the disk drive, when the SCSI command to reformat is sent to the disk.
Ordinarily you would rarely want to clear the grown defects, as they are built over time whenever the disk detects a
bad area of the disk and decides data should not be kept there. If you clear the defect list then you run risk of data
loss when data is written to a bad sector that is not marked as bad. We will not editorialize further on the merits of
clearing the GLIST and suggest you contact your storage vendor to determine whether clearing the GLIST is
something you need to do. We will say that the only time we ever clear the defect list is when we reformat the disk to
use a different sector size, and we follow the operation with a program that fully exercises every sector in the disk to
properly rebuild the GLIST before any live data is put on the drive.
Specifying the Defect List Format
The ANSI specification allows for numerous formats that the defect lists can be presented to a program when it sends
the appropriate SCSI commands to retrieve the data. Basically you have vendor unique, bytes-from-index, and
physical sector format. Ordinarily you would take the defaults, format 0, which is mandatory per the ANSI spec for all
disk drives. This might not be the correct format for drives that have special OEM firmware on them or are placed
behind some RAID controllers. If you do not know what format to use, ask your storage vendor.
Formatting Disk with Full Parameter Control
SMARTMonUX provides the user a mechanism to specify the complete SCSI CDB. This allows you to do anything
from force a certain interleave factor to provide custom defect layouts or even pass vendor/drive unique commands to
the disk to perform tasks that are only documented under customer/vendor non-disclosure agreements. If you need
to format your disk with non-standard parameters, answer Y to the "Do you want to assign a custom
(non-zero) defect list format or assign vendor-unique settings" question. You would then see:
Do you
Please
should
CDB[0]
CDB[1]
want to assign a custom (non-zero) defect list format or assign vendor-unique settings? <Y/N>: y
enter the last 5 bytes of the FORMAT UNIT CDB in hex. If you don't know what they
be, then it is highly probable you should NOT be sending vendor-unique info.
= 04
=
You would enter the hex byte for the 2nd CDB byte and continue the process until all 6 bytes of the SCSI CDB were
filled in. The reason the first byte of the CDB is 04 is because that value represents the op-code to perform the
FORMAT UNIT command, so that would not change. After all 6 bytes have been entered (red represents what the
computer displays, blue is what the user typed in this example), the format would begin provided you entered YES
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
52
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
after entering the rest of the command. In the example below, we instructed the drive to clear the GLIST, use defect
format #4, and set the interleave factor to 2. To repeat an earlier warning, if you do not know what all of this means,
you should probably not be doing this. We strongly recommend contacting your storage vendor to determine whether
or not a special format command should be sent rather than the default.
Do you
Please
should
CDB[0]
CDB[1]
CDB[2]
CDB[3]
CDB[4]
CDB[5]
want to assign a custom (non-zero) defect list format or assign vendor-unique settings? <Y/N>: y
enter the last 5 bytes of the FORMAT UNIT CDB in hex. If you don't know what they
be, then it is highly probable you should NOT be sending vendor-unique info.
= 04
= 0B
= 00
= 00
= 02
= 00
Will send CDB = 04 0B 00 00 02 00
Are you sure you want to do this? Answer "YES" to begin the low-level format, anything else exits program:
NO
Low level formatting aborted. Program exiting now!
Formatting Disks in the Background
If your disks were made after 2005, then chances are good that they support background formatting. This command,
-formatb, lets you issue the format command to a device and the selected disk formats in the background. The net
result to the user is that the program returns immediately. If you combine the -formatb with the -confirm
command, then you can format dozens or hundreds of disk drives at once, with no host computer overhead.
Background formatting makes a lot of sense if you have (JBOD) enclosures and a large number of disks that need to
be reformatted.
C:\>smartmon-ux -formatb \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.42, Build 17-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HITACHI HUS103073FLF210 S/N "V3W908XA0055P6591CC9" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4 [SES] (SMART enabled)
[Bus/Port/ID.LUN=1/2/2.0](694
60 MB)
***************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have instructed the software to reformat the selected disk. No checks *
*
will be made to verify that the disk isn't mounted or in use in any way. *
*
(Although reformatting your boot disk will blow the O/S, it will work.)
*
*
*
*
The process could take several hours to complete, and this program will
*
*
lock up until either the formatting is complete or the drive rejects the *
*
command. Once the command is sent to the device, the software will
*
*
suspend and wait for the action to complete.
*
*
*
*
Your operating system may attempt to query the disk unless you have
*
*
unmounted it (unassigned drive letter in Windows, umount in UNIX/LINUX). *
*
*
*
As a formatting disk is going to appear dead to your operating system,
*
*
you may have to endure some error or system log messages, or even force
*
*
the system to rediscover devices after the process has formatting has
*
*
been completed. WARNING: If the formatting is interrupted due to
*
*
a power failure or an external hardware/software problem, then you must
*
*
reformat the disk as this is the only way to recover from an incomplete
*
*
format.
*
*
*
*
If you are formatting a disk as part of a disk drive firmware update and *
*
drive cloning procedure, don't forget to also clone the mode pages
*
*
BEFORE reformatting, as the disk topology (sector sizes) and defect
*
*
layout are defined in the mode pages and used by the disk as part of
*
*
the formatting process.
*
***************************************************************************************
This will format the HITACHI HUS103073FLF210 disk at \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4
Do you want to clear the grown defects (GLIST) as the disk is formatted? <Y/N>: y
Do you want to assign a custom (non-zero) defect list format or assign vendor-unique settings? <Y/N>: N
Are you sure you want to do this? Answer "YES" to begin the low-level format, anything else exits program:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
53
YES
Sending command ... Background format acknowledged and running.
Program terminating.
You may use the -str command, which reports status of self-tests to see if the selected disk has completed the
operation.
C:\>smartmon-ux -str \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.42, Build 17-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HITACHI HUS103073FLF210 S/N "V3W908XA0055P6591CC9" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4 [SES] (SMART
unsupported) [Bus/Port/ID.LUN=1/2/2.0]
- Results from last self-test: Logical unit not ready, format in progress
Program Ended.
1.18
Inquiry Page Viewer
The inquiry page data, which can be obtained by sending the -I or -I+ options, contains valuable information about the
selected device. This contains everything from make and model of peripheral to more exotic information such the
serial number, or maybe even where and when it was made.
The ANSI specification requires that all SCSI devices (remember SCSI includes fibre channel, SSA, and Fire Wire)
have a standard inquiry page. This is the information that your operating system looks at when determining what it is
hooked up to, and how it needs to communicate with it.
You can download the various ANSI specification files from http://www.t10. The documents have full information about
interpreting the hundreds of bytes, bits, and bit fields found in SCSI family peripherals. In the interest of enticing you to
download the spec, we will discuss a small subset of the information we are learning about one of the Seagate disk
drives attached to a development system.
Please refer to this page of the specification. It shows the type of information contained in the first 36 bytes of a
standard Inquiry. Note that this dump is specific to just one of many SCSI variants depending on what level of the
ANSI specification your particular device supports. Various bits and bytes are first undefined, may be defined, retired
(become obsolete), or changed to reflect different data depending on what level of the specification your particular
device was designed to report.
Notice also that the number of defects are also reported as of release 1.20. This information is not part of a
standard SCSI inquiry, but it seemed like the logical place to put this type of information.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
54
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
In order to obtain this information, use the -I or -I+ options ...
# ./smartmon-ux -I+ /dev/sg0 /dev/st[0-1]
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.35, Build 18-JAN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ06HS8" on /dev/sg0 (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
3 (SPC ANSI X3.301:1997)
Vendor Identification:
SEAGATE
Product Identification:
ST373307LC
Firmware Revision:
0006
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
Enclosure services available:
NO
Multi-ported device:
NO
Medium-changer attached: (removable) NO
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
YES
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Total Capacity (In Bytes):
73407868928
Total grown defects:
0
Total Primary (factory) defects:
465
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Board serial number:
80000231343EA
Servo RAM Release number:
2002C907
Servo ROM Release number:
00000000
Servo RAM Release date:
C907
Servo ROM Release date:
2002
ETF Log date MMDDYYYY:
10/06/2002
Compile date code MMDDYYYY:
05/16/2003
Jumpers DS MS WP PE D0 D1 D2 D3:
10000000b
Drive behavior version number:
3
Drive behavior code:
7
Drive behavior code version:
0
Family number:
ST373307LC
Maximum interleave:
3
Default # of cache segments:
32
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 03 12 8B 00 01 3E 53 45 41 47 41 54 45
0010: 53 54 33 37 33 33 30 37 4C 43 20 20 20 20 20
0020: 30 30 30 36 33 48 5A 30 36 48 53 38 00 00 00
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0F 00 00 00 00 00 00
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0060: 00 43 6F 70 79 72 69 67 68 74 20 28 63 29 20
0070: 30 30 33 20 53 65 61 67 61 74 65 20 41 6C 6C
0080: 72 69 67 68 74 73 20 72 65 73 65 72 76 65 64
Inquiry EVPD Page #80h (Serial Number Page)
0000: 00 80 00 14 33 48 5A 30 36 48 53 38 30 30 30
0010: 32 33 31 33 34 33 45 41
Inquiry EVPD Page #81h
0000: 00 81 00 03 04 84 84
Inquiry EVPD Page #C0h
0000: 00 C0 00 38 30 35 31 36 30 30 30 36 32 30 30
0010: 43 39 30 37 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 43 39 30
0020: 32 30 30 32 32 30 30 32 43 39 30 37 43 39 30
0030: 32 30 30 32 30 30 30 30 31 39 30 32
Inquiry EVPD Page #C1h
0000: 00 C1 00 10 31 30 30 36 32 30 30 32 30 35 31
0010: 32 30 30 33
Inquiry EVPD Page #C2h
0000: 00 C2 00 02 80 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C3h
0000: 00 C3 00 F6 03 07 00 53 54 33 37 33 33 30 37
0010: 43 20 20 20 20 20 20 03 20 00 01 AE 96 C0 00
0020: B8 38 49 18 00 02 CA 10 C0 00 00 40 16 01 00
0030: 02 C0 40 06 B6 68 06 06 6C 82 00 24 00 24 A0
0040: 03 03 08 19 00 00 00 03 0F 05 D0 00 00 00 00
0050: E0 00 00 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0060: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0070: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0080: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0090: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00a0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00b0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00c0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00d0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00e0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00f0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #D1h
0000: 00 D1 00 F0 39 56 33 30 30 36 2D 30 30 32 20
0010: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0020: 20 20 20 20 43 43 47 54 30 33 31 33 33 31 20
0030: 20 20 20 20 30 33 31 31 31 43 20 20 20 20 20
0040: 20 20 20 20 35 33 30 37 30 34 45 45 4E 31 32
0050: 42 43 20 31 30 30 31 39 39 34 34 33 41 20 20
0060: 20 20 20 20 54 33 30 38 50 58 45 38 4F 30 20
0070: 20 20 20 20 54 33 30 38 50 58 45 38 4F 30 20
0080: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0090: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
00a0: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
00b0: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
00c0: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
00d0: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
20
20
00
00
00
00
32
20
.......>SEAGATE
ST373307LC
00063HZ06HS8....
................
................
................
.Copyright (c) 2
003 Seagate All
rights reserved
30
....3HZ06HS80000
231343EA
.......
32
37
37
...8051600062002
C90700000000C907
20022002C907C907
200200001902
36
....100620020516
2003
......
4C
00
00
40
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
.......ST373307L
C
. .......
.8I........@....
..@..h..l..$.$.@
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
..........
20
20
20
20
33
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
....9V3006-002
CCGT031331
03111C
530704EEN123
BC 100199443A
T308PXE8O0
T308PXE8O0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
55
56
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
00e0: 20 20
00f0: 20 20
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 D2
0010: 20 20
0020: 20 20
0030: 20 20
0040: 20 20
0050: 20 20
0060: 20 20
0070: 20 20
0080: 20 20
0090: 39 32
00a0: 20 20
00b0: 32 39
00c0: 36 39
00d0: 20 20
00e0: 20 20
00f0: 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20
Page #D2h
00 F0 32 30
20 20 30 35
20 20 31 30
20 20 47 20
20 20 32 33
20 20 33 31
20 20 30 30
20 20 20 20
20 20 30 30
30 20 31 20
20 20 30 32
37 37 33 32
30 20 35 20
20 20 30 32
54 32 20 20
20 20
20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
30
31
30
20
31
33
32
20
32
20
33
35
20
33
20
32
36
32
20
33
20
33
20
33
20
20
30
20
20
20
43
30
33
20
34
20
20
20
31
20
20
30
20
20
20
39
30
30
20
33
20
20
20
33
20
20
30
20
20
20
30
30
35
20
45
20
20
20
20
20
36
20
20
31
20
37
36
39
20
41
20
20
20
20
20
20
55
20
20
20
20
20
39
20
20
20
20
20
55
20
20
32
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
35
20
20
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
32
20
20
4D
20
20
20
....2002C907
05160006
100230599
G
231343EA
313
0023
002313 U5 2
920 1
023
6
2977325000 U200M
690 5
023
1
T2
Discovered SONY SDT-5200 S/N " " on /dev/st0 (tape)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
tape
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
YES
ANSI Version:
2 (SCSI-2 ANSI X3.131:1994)
ISO/IEC Version:
0
ECMA Version:
0
Vendor Identification:
SONY
Product Identification:
SDT-5200
Firmware Revision:
3.30
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
32-bit parallel supported:
NO
16-bit parallel supported:
NO
Synchronous commands supported:
YES
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
NO
SAF-TE Enclosure services available: NO
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 01 80 02 02 1F 00 00 18 53 4F 4E 59 20 20 20 20
........SONY
0010: 53 44 54 2D 35 32 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
SDT-5200
0020: 33 2E 33
3.3
Discovered TANDBERG SLR7 S/N "SN007005396" on /dev/st1 (tape)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
tape
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
YES
ANSI Version:
2 (SCSI-2 ANSI X3.131:1994)
ISO/IEC Version:
0
ECMA Version:
0
Vendor Identification:
TANDBERG
Product Identification:
SLR7
Firmware Revision:
0483
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Supports 16-bit wide addresses:
YES
Supports 32-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports ACKQ/REQQ handshaking:
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
32-bit parallel supported:
NO
16-bit parallel supported:
YES
Synchronous commands supported:
YES
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
NO
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SAF-TE Enclosure services available: NO
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Capstan motor assembly rev:
L
Step motor assembly rev:
C
Cartridge manipulation motor rev:
0
Sensor assembly rev:
A
Mainboard assembly rev:
D
Frame module rev:
2
Head assembly rev:
0
Top cover rev:
0
Bridge module rev:
0
Main spring module rev:
1
Main microcode rev:
0483
Main microcode release status:
D
Main microcode branch rev:
0000
Main microcode ID:
=
DSP microcode rev level:
0483
DSP microcode release status:
..
Drive manufacturing MM.DD.YY:
06.12.01
Main microcode creation MM.DD.YY:
07.03.01
DSP microcode creation MM.DD.YY:
07.03.01
Last drive adjustment MM.DD.YY:
........
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 01 80 02 02 2B 00 01 38 54 41 4E 44 42 45 52
0010: 53 4C 52 37 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0020: 30 34 38 33 44 30 30 30 30 3D 20 30 34 38 33
Inquiry EVPD Page #80h (Serial Number Page)
0000: 01 80 00 0C 53 4E 30 30 37 30 30 35 33 39 36
Inquiry EVPD Page #81h
0000: 01 81 00 02 03 03
Inquiry EVPD Page #82h (Operating Definition Page)
0000: 01 82 00 14 13 53 43 53 49 2D 32 20 58 33 2E
0010: 33 31 2D 31 39 39 34 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C0h
0000: 01 C0 00 17 20 4C 20 43 20 30 20 41 20 44 20
0010: 20 30 20 30 20 30 20 31 20 32 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C1h
0000: 01 C1 00 11 30 34 38 33 44 30 30 30 30 3D 20
0010: 34 38 33 44 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C2h
0000: 01 C2 00 09 30 36 2E 31 32 2E 30 31 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C3h
0000: 01 C3 00 12 30 37 2E 30 33 2E 30 31 2F 30 37
0010: 30 33 2E 30 31 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C4h
0000: 01 C4 00 09 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 00
47
20
....+..8TANDBERG
SLR7
0483D0000= 0483
00
....SN007005396.
57
......
31
.....SCSI-2 X3.1
31-1994.
32
.À.. L C 0 A D 2
0 0 0 1 2.
30
.Á..0483D0000= 0
483D.
.Â..06.12.01.
2E
.Ã..07.03.01/07.
03.01.
.Ä..ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ.
As you can see, the Seagate disk drive and the Tandberg tape drive have a lot of information to report. You can get
part and serial numbers for individual drive components, firmware revisions, world-wide-name, and hundreds of other
fields. You should also be aware that many fields are vendor-specific. This means their record layouts are not
standardized by the ANSI committee, so you will need to contact Seagate to obtain this information. Please contact
your manufacturer to obtain the layouts, and/or view their web sites. All of this information is usually online.
If you had just entered the -I option, you would have gotten same results, without the EVPD page hex dumps, and
without the fields which appear after the defects. In the dump above, the fields in blue will only be reported with the I+ command as they come from the EVPD pages.
Fibre Channel disk drives will also report the World Wide Name (also called the IEEE Device ID). If the above disk
was a fibre channel disk, then a line such as the one below would be added to the report under Board Serial Number.
This was added in release 1.30.
IEEE Unique ID:
20-00-00-11-C6-B5-64-45
Additionally, if you have an IDE disk drive and are running a distribution that supports IDE drives, you might see
similar results from supplying the -I+ option:
The output below is from an SATA (ATA-7 type) drive. Each version of the ATA specification has some fields which
have either been added or deleted from previous versions. In addition, some fields are specific to serial ATA (SATA)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
58
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
disks or parallel ATA disks (PATA), so do not expect all of these fields to be applicable to your particular type of disk
drive.
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6Y080M0 S/N "Y3JRAGXE" on /dev/hda (SMART Enabled)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ATA defined fields
Device Type:
Fixed Disk
Model Number:
Maxtor 6Y080M0
Serial Number:
Y3JRAGXE
Interface:
ATA/ATAPI-7 T13 1532D revision 0
Firmware Revision:
YAR51BW0
Usable addressable sectors LBA mode: 3120564618
IORDY Supported:
YES
IORDY can be disabled:
YES
LBA Supported:
YES
DMA Supported:
YES
Standby timer values supported:
YES
Download microcode supported:
YES
Read/write DMA queue code supported: NO
CFA feature set supported:
NO
Advanced power management supported: YES
Removable media status notification: NO
Power-up in standby supported:
NO
SET FEATURES command required:
NO
SET MAX security feature supported: YES
Automatic acoustic mgmt supported:
YES
48-bit addressing supported:
NO
Device configuration overlay:
YES
Mandatory FLUSH CACHE supported:
YES
FLUSH CACHE EXT command:
YES
Security features supported:
YES
Drive security status:
Maximum
Enhanced security erase:
Maximum
Security count expired:
NO
Security is frozen:
YES
Security is locked:
NO
Security is enabled:
NO
Security level:
High
S.M.A.R.T. feature set supported:
YES
Security mode feature set supported: YES
Removable media supported:
NO
Power management supported:
YES
Packet command feature supported:
NO
Write cache supported:
YES
Look-ahead supported:
YES
Release interrupt supported:
NO
Service interrupt supported:
NO
Device reset command supported:
NO
Host protected area feature set:
YES
Write buffer command supported:
YES
Read buffer command supported:
YES
NOP command supported:
YES
S.M.A.R.T. error logging supported: YES
S.M.A.R.T. self-test supported:
YES
Media serial number supported:
NO
Media card pass through supported:
NO
Streaming feature set supported:
NO
General purpose logging feature:
NO
Write DMA FUA EXT feature set:
NO
Write DMA QUEUED FUA EXT feature:
NO
Current Ultra DMA mode:
2
Highest Ultra DMA mode supported:
6
Highest Multiword DMA mode supportd: 2
Max sectors for RW multiple command: 16
Current sectors for RW multiple:
16
Highest PIO mode supported:
4
Min MW DMA xfer cycle time/word(ns): 120
Manuf. recommended MW DMA xfer (ns): 120
Min PIO xfer cycle w/o flow(ns):
120
Min PIO xfer cycle time w/IORDY(ns): 120
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
59
Time required for security erase:
unspecified
Time required for enh security erase: unspecified
Master password revision code:
65534
Current auto acoustic mgmt. value:
254
Rec. auto acoustic mgmt. value:
192
Service interrupt enabled:
NO
Release interrupt enabled:
NO
Look-ahead enabled:
YES
Write cache enabled:
YES
Security mode feature enabled:
NO
S.M.A.R.T. feature set enabled:
YES
Advanced power management enabled:
NO
Removable media notif. enabled:
NO
Max LBA in 48-bit address mode:
0
Total bytes in 48-bit address mode: 0
Supports SATA Gen-1 sig speed:
NO
Supports SATA Gen-2 sig speed:
NO
Supports SATA native command queues: NO
Supports SATA host-init power mgmt: NO
Offline collection status:
128 (Never started)
Self-test execution status:
0 (Completed w/o error)
Offline data collection supported:
YES
Offline data collection requires:
182 seconds
S.M.A.R.T. offline diags supported: YES
S.M.A.R.T. vendor-specific testing: YES
S.M.A.R.T. offline diags restarting: NO
S.M.A.R.T. offline read scanning:
YES
S.M.A.R.T. offline self-tests:
YES
S.M.A.R.T. power-mode saving:
YES
S.M.A.R.T. autosave after event:
YES
Min. short self-test polling time:
2 minutes
Min. extnded self-test polling time: 40 minutes
Inquiry page dump below:
0000: 40 00 FF 3F 37 C8 10 00 00 00 00 00 3F 00 00 00
@..?7.......?...
0010: 00 00 00 00 59 33 4A 52 41 47 58 45 00 00 00 00
....Y3JRAGXE....
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 03 00 00 3E 04 00 59 41
...........>..YA
0030: 52 35 31 42 57 30 4D 61 78 74 6F 72 20 36 59 30
R51BW0Maxtor 6Y0
0040: 38 30 4D 30 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
80M0............
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 10 80
................
0060: 00 00 00 2F 00 40 00 02 00 00 07 00 FF 3F 10 00
.../.@.......?..
0070: 3F 00 10 FC FB 00 10 01 00 BA 8A 09 00 00 07 00
?...............
0080: 03 00 78 00 78 00 78 00 78 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
..x.x.x.x.......
0090: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
00a0: FE 00 1E 00 6B 7C 09 7B 03 40 69 7C 01 3A 03 40
....k|.{.@i|.:.@
00b0: 7F 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 FE FF 00 00 FE C0 00 00
................
00c0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
00d0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
00e0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
00f0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0100: 09 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0110: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0120: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 17 00 40 20
..............@
0130: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0140: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0150: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0160: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0170: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0180: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0190: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01a0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01b0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01c0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01d0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01e0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01f0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 A5 F7
................
Program Ended.
IDE device information and specifics of what all of this means can be found at the http://www.t13.org web site.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
60
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
1.18.1 Example Inquiry Dump - SAS Disk
The results below were run under SPARC Solaris 10 using a Seagate ST3146855SS SAS disk.
# /etc/smartmon-ux -I+ /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29QG4" on /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0 (SMART enabled)(140014 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
5 (SPC-3 ANSI)
Vendor Identification:
SEAGATE
Product Identification:
ST3146855SS
Firmware Revision:
MS01
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
Enclosure services available:
NO
Multi-ported device:
YES
Medium-changer attached: (removable) NO
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
YES
Basic Queuing supported (BQue):
NO
Hierarchical support (HiSUP):
YES
Embedded storage array controller:
NO
Access controls coordinator:
NO
Asymmetric logical unit access:
Not supported or vendor-specific
Third-party copy supported:
NO
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Total Capacity (In Bytes):
146815737856
Total grown defects:
0
Total Primary (factory) defects:
5314
Board serial number:
400009811QJMY
Servo RAM Release number:
2006C395
Servo ROM Release number:
00000000
Servo RAM Release date:
C395
Servo ROM Release date:
2006
ETF Log date MMDDYYYY:
09/15/2007
Compile date code MMDDYYYY:
11/17/2006
Jumpers DS MS WP PE D0 D1 D2 D3:
00000000b
Drive behavior version number:
4
Drive behavior code:
16
Drive behavior code version:
0
Family number:
ST3146855SS
Maximum interleave:
1
Default # of cache segments:
32
IEEE Unique ID:
50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FF
NAA IEEE ID:
50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FD
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 05 12 8B 00 10 0A 53 45 41 47 41 54 45 20
........SEAGATE
0010: 53 54 33 31 34 36 38 35 35 53 53 20 20 20 20 20
ST3146855SS
0020: 4D 53 30 31 33 4C 4E 32 39 51 47 34 00 00 00 00
MS013LN29QG4....
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0060: 00 43 6F 70 79 72 69 67 68 74 20 28 63 29 20 32
.Copyright (c) 2
0070: 30 30 36 20 53 65 61 67 61 74 65 20 41 6C 6C 20
006 Seagate All
0080: 72 69 67 68 74 73 20 72 65 73 65 72 76 65 64
rights reserved
Inquiry EVPD Page #80h (Serial Number Page)
0000: 00 80 00 14 33 4C 4E 32 39 51 47 34 30 30 30 30
....3LN29QG40000
0010: 39 38 31 31 51 4A 4D 59
9811QJMY
Inquiry EVPD Page #82h (Operating Definition Page)
0000: 00 82 00 1D 1C 54 31 30 2F 31 34 31 36 2D 44 20
.....T10/1416-D
0010: 52 65 76 69 73 69 6F 6E 20 37 20 20 20 20 20 20
Revision 7
0020: 00
.
Inquiry EVPD Page #83h (Device Identification Page)
0000: 00 83 00 48 01 03 00 08 50 00 C5 00 06 94 BF FF
...H....P.......
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
0010: 61 93
0020: 00 00
0030: 63 A8
0040: 30 36
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 C0
0010: 43 33
0020: 32 30
0030: 32 30
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 C1
0010: 32 30
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 C2
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 C3
0010: 53 53
0020: 00 00
0030: 00 00
0040: 80 08
0050: 00 00
0060: 00 00
0070: 00 00
0080: 00 00
0090: 0E 00
00a0: F0 00
00b0: 00 00
00c0: 80 C0
00d0: 00 00
00e0: 00 00
00f0: 00 00
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 D1
0010: 20 20
0020: 20 20
0030: 20 20
0040: 38 30
0050: 41 44
0060: 20 20
0070: 20 20
0080: 20 20
0090: 20 20
00a0: 20 20
00b0: 20 20
00c0: 20 20
00d0: 20 20
00e0: 20 20
00f0: 20 20
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 00 D2
0010: 20 20
0020: 20 20
0030: 20 20
0040: 20 20
0050: 20 20
0060: 20 20
0070: 20 20
0080: 39 38
0090: 20 20
00a0: 20 20
00b0: 20 20
00c0: 54 30
00d0: 20 20
00e0: 20 20
00f0: 20 30
00 08 50 00
00 01 61 A3
00 18 6E 61
39 34 42 46
Page #C0h
00 38 31 31
39 35 30 30
30 36 32 30
30 36 30 30
Page #C1h
00 10 30 39
30 36
Page #C2h
00 02 00 00
Page #C3h
00 F6 04 10
20 20 20 20
00 00 FF 00
00 00 00 00
02 00 00 E0
00 80 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 01 00 00
00 41 04 4C
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
09 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
Page #D1h
00 F0 39 5A
20 20 31 30
20 20 45 45
20 20 34 36
30 30 45 38
42 31 30 30
20 20 31 30
20 20 31 30
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20
Page #D2h
00 F0 32 30
20 20 31 31
20 20 31 30
20 20 46 20
20 20 39 38
20 20 38 31
20 20 20 20
20 20 33 4C
31 31 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 20 20
20 20 30 30
37 20 33 32
20 20 57 4D
20 20 30 30
37 20
C5
00
61
46
00
08
2E
43
06
50
35
00
94
00
30
00
BF
C5
30
00
FD 61 94 00 04
00 06 94 BF FC
30 43 35 30 30
00
a...P.......a...
....a...P.......
c...naa.5000C500
0694BFFC....
31
30
30
30
37
30
36
30
43
30
43
32
41
30
34
31
30
30
39
30
31 32 30 30 36
30 43 33 39 35
32 43 34 39 32
32
...81117CA012006
C39500000000C395
20062006C492C492
200600002102
31 35 32 30 30 37 31 31 31 37
....091520071117
2006
......
00
20
03
00
00
00
00
00
17
28
00
00
00
00
00
00
53
01
0F
00
00
00
00
00
17
28
00
00
00
00
00
00
54
20
05
00
80
00
00
00
00
14
00
00
00
00
00
00
33
FF
57
80
00
00
00
00
00
12
00
00
00
00
00
00
31
00
00
00
08
0D
00
00
15
14
00
00
00
00
00
34
97
00
62
50
00
00
00
5F
0B
00
00
00
00
00
36
00
00
00
C0
00
00
00
08
05
00
00
00
00
00
38
80
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
0B
00
00
00
00
00
35
11
00
00
00
00
00
00
07
0B
00
00
00
00
00
35
71
00
A8
E0
00
00
00
FC
00
00
00
00
00
00
.......ST3146855
SS
. ......q
.........W......
...........b....
...........P....
................
................
................
..........._....
...A.L((........
................
................
................
................
................
..........
32
30
38
31
30
34
30
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
34
30
37
39
35
33
33
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
36
34
39
30
35
31
37
37
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
36
34
35
34
48
30
38
38
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
2D
33
48
36
38
34
31
31
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
31
38
43
42
32
39
39
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
34
37
42
4D
4D
41
35
36
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
33
20
4D
34
31
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
31
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
31
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
....9Z2066-043
100444317
EE8095H8BM
4617046CM410
8000E8095H8BM101
ADB100451042A
100378195
100378196
30
31
30
20
31
31
20
4E
20
20
20
4C
20
4A
4D
36
37
34
20
31
20
20
32
20
20
20
34
20
20
36
43
43
32
20
51
20
20
39
20
20
20
31
20
20
39
33
41
37
20
4A
20
20
51
20
20
20
37
20
20
30
39
30
33
20
4D
20
20
47
20
20
20
34
20
20
35
35
31
39
20
59
20
20
34
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
36
20
20
20
20
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
....2006C395
1117CA01
100427396
F
9811QJMY
811
3LN29QG40000
9811
00L4174
T07 32
WMJ
00M6905
07
Program Ended.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
61
62
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
1.18.2 Example Inquiry Dump - SCSI Tape
The results below were run under SPARC Solaris 10 using a Seagate ST3146855SS SAS disk.
# /etc/smartmon-ux -I+ /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered TANDBERG SLR7 S/N "SN007005396" on \\.\TAPE0 (tape) [Bus/Port/ID.LUN=0/3/12.0]
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
tape
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
YES
ANSI Version:
2 (SCSI-2 ANSI X3.131:1994)
ISO/IEC Version:
0
ECMA Version:
0
Vendor Identification:
TANDBERG
Product Identification:
SLR7
Firmware Revision:
0595
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Supports 16-bit wide addresses:
YES
Supports 32-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports ACKQ/REQQ handshaking:
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
32-bit parallel supported:
NO
16-bit parallel supported:
YES
Synchronous commands supported:
YES
Linked commands supported:
YES
Command queuing supported:
NO
SAF-TE Enclosure services available: NO
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Capstan motor assembly rev:
L
Step motor assembly rev:
C
Cartridge manipulation motor rev:
0
Sensor assembly rev:
A
Mainboard assembly rev:
D
Frame module rev:
2
Head assembly rev:
0
Top cover rev:
0
Bridge module rev:
0
Main spring module rev:
1
Main microcode rev:
0595
Main microcode release status:
D
Main microcode branch rev:
0000
Main microcode ID:
=
DSP microcode rev level:
0595
DSP microcode release status:
..
Drive manufacturing MM.DD.YY:
06.12.01
Main microcode creation MM.DD.YY:
07.02.03
DSP microcode creation MM.DD.YY:
07.02.03
Last drive adjustment MM.DD.YY:
........
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 01 80 02 02 2B 00 01 38 54 41 4E 44 42 45 52 47
....+..8TANDBERG
0010: 53 4C 52 37 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
SLR7
0020: 30 35 39 35 44 30 30 30 30 3D 20 30 35 39 35
0595D0000= 0595
Inquiry EVPD Page #80h (Serial Number Page)
0000: 01 80 00 0C 53 4E 30 30 37 30 30 35 33 39 36 00
....SN007005396.
Inquiry EVPD Page #81h
0000: 01 81 00 02 03 03
......
Inquiry EVPD Page #82h (Operating Definition Page)
0000: 01 82 00 14 13 53 43 53 49 2D 32 20 58 33 2E 31
.....SCSI-2 X3.1
0010: 33 31 2D 31 39 39 34 00
31-1994.
Inquiry EVPD Page #C0h
0000: 01 C0 00 17 20 4C 20 43 20 30 20 41 20 44 20 32
.... L C 0 A D 2
0010: 20 30 20 30 20 30 20 31 20 32 00
0 0 0 1 2.
Inquiry EVPD Page #C1h
0000: 01 C1 00 11 30 35 39 35 44 30 30 30 30 3D 20 30
....0595D0000= 0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
0010: 35 39
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 01 C2
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 01 C3
0010: 30 32
Inquiry EVPD
0000: 01 C4
35 44 00
Page #C2h
00 09 30 36 2E 31 32 2E 30 31 00
Page #C3h
00 12 30 37 2E 30 32 2E 30 33 2F 30 37 2E
2E 30 33 00
Page #C4h
00 09 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 00
63
595D.
....06.12.01.
....07.02.03/07.
02.03.
.............
Program Ended.
1.19
International Localization
The -i option was added in release 1.24 to offer the user the ability to report date and time fields in localized format,
that is, the format that is standard for your operating systems. Previous versions of the program selfishly reported
dates and times in USA standard format.
For example, if your native language is French, a numeric date would be reported in DD-MM-YYYY format, rather
than the MM-DD-YYYY format. Text dates would appear in French, rather than English as well.
The software determines your localization in what ever method is standard for your operating system. The
non-Windows distributions look at the environment variable, LC_ALL, which is usually set up by the system
administrator at O/S installation time. Windows-family operating systems allow the user to define the country and
localization through the Control Panel -> Regional Options.
Note: The reason we added this new flag, rather than make localized date/time fields the default everywhere, was to
protect users that might be using external scripts that utilize the date/time fields. This way, no end-user scripts will be
broken. The exception is for fields that display once and are not polled, such as the login banner you see if running
an eval version of the program or the timestamp in the -mpexport 95 file.
See the setlocale man pages in your UNIX or LINUX operating system to learn more about the locale command
and how to set it. Windows-family computers also have localization capability, and SANtools software will report
localized date/time information on PCs which have localization enabled.
1.20
Link Speed Reporting
If you have a SCSI or SAS attached-device (which also covers a SATA disk attached to a SAS controller), then
chances are good that it returns the link speed. This is useful if you wish to determine if your devices are configured
and cabled correctly in order to provide maximum performance. The link speed option can be called in either
foreground mode (i.e, along with all of the reporting flags such as -I 53 or -J 80 ).
This feature can be invoked by appending the -link option to the command line. We added this feature as a request
from a vendor that wished to monitor devices in an external RAID enclosure. The company wished to know if and
when the drives were renegotiating the interface from U320 to U160 due to poor signal quality.
What is Link Speed?
The numbers below define how the Transfer Period Factor, decoded from the SCSI device, is reported by
SMARTMonUX. The Common MB/sec column reports how manufacturers typically market the speed of the device.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
64
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Standard-Defined
Clocking
TPF x 4
TPF x 4
TPF x 4
50 ns
30.3 ns
25 ns
12.5 ns
6.25 ns
3.125 ns
Common Name Common MB/secTransfer Period Factor
(TPF)
Regular
5
32h - FFh
Fast
10
19h - 31h
Ultra
20
0dh - 18h
Ultra 2
40
0ch
Ultra 2
80
0bh
Ultra 2
80
0ah
Ultra 3
160
09h
Fast-160
320
08h
Fast-320
640
07h
Reported via
smartmon-ux
Fast-5 200ns
Fast-10 100ns
Fast-20 200ns
Fast-20 50ns
Fast-40 30ns
Fast-40 25ns
U160
U320
U640
As monitoring the link speed requires additional I/Os per polling period, you would rarely enable this feature during
polling. Just combine -link with one of the foreground commands, so the program will query speed then exit.
The software reports protocol-specific link speeds for SAS and Fibre Channel peripherals as well. You can see if your
SAS disks are really running at 3 Gbit/second.
Background Link Speed Monitoring
If you send ./smartmon-ux -F 600 -link /dev/sg[0-3] to your LINUX host
Then you would get something like the data below in your log file every 600 seconds in the system log file.
Jul 24 23:19:10 rh90 smartmon-ux[12202]: /dev/sg0 polled at Thu Jul 24 23:19:10 2003 Status:Passed (Speed: U160)
Jul 24 23:19:11 rh90 smartmon-ux[12202]: /dev/sg1 polled at Thu Jul 24 23:19:10 2003 Status:Passed (Speed: U320)
Jul 24 23:19:13 rh90 smartmon-ux[12202]: /dev/sg2 polled at Thu Jul 24 23:19:12 2003 Status:Passed (Speed: U160)
Jul 24 23:19:14 rh90 smartmon-ux[12202]: /dev/sg3 polled at Thu Jul 24 23:19:13 2003 Status:Passed (Speed: U160)
Foreground Link Speed Reporting (SCSI peripherals only)
The link speed is reported in mode page 19h, a somewhat cryptic value will be returned at the end of the mode page
as shown below. Pass the program the -J 65 option to report all mode pages and look for the speed at the end of the
page (highlighted in red).
Protocol Specific Port
Physical interface
Driver strength
Driver asymmetry
Driver precompensation
Driver slew rate
DB(0) Value
DB(1) Value
DB(2) Value
DB(3) Value
DB(4) Value
DB(5) Value
DB(6) Value
DB(7) Value
DB(8) Value
DB(9) Value
DB(10) Value
DB(11) Value
DB(12) Value
DB(13) Value
DB(14) Value
P_CRCA
P1
BSY
SEL
RST
REQ
ACK
ATN
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [19h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Parallel SCSI
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
C/D
I/O
MSG
Transfer period factor
REQ/ACK offset timing
Transfer width exponent
Protocol options bits
Driver asymmetry
Sent PCOMP enabled
Received PCOMP enabled
Min xfr period factor
Max REQ/ACK offset
Max transfer width exponent
Protocol options bits supported
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
65
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
00h, 09h, 00h
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
08h, 08h, 08h
By examining the Protocol options bits (which corresponds to the TPF bits in the table above), you can see that this
device is currently configured for U160 mode.
Detecting Link Speed for Fibre Channel Peripherals
You can determine the link speed for fibre channel drives by using the -fchbainfo
the SAN Reporting 128 capability in this software.
Detecting Link Speed for SAS Peripherals
You can determine the link speed by looking at the highlighted negotiated link rate
mode page 19 88 .
1.21
88
129
command which is part of
field in the sample output for
Log Page Viewer
Like Mode Pages, SCSI family devices (remember, this includes FC and SAS peripherals) will typically have log
pages. These log pages are used to report cumulative totals. These totals may be used to assist the administrator in
tuning efforts, error diagnosis, or administration tasks. The ANSI SCSI specifications allow for hundreds of log pages,
as well as vendor-specific pages. To further complicate the issue, as new ANSI specifications come out, they will add
new log pages, and possibly retire others.
We make an effort to maintain internal tables of both ANSI defined log pages, and vendor specific pages as well. As
release levels of the code increase, additional vendor/model specific entries are always added. As log and mode page
settings are sometimes vendor specific and are only released under NDA, it sometimes takes us time to get
permission and the necessary information to report these settings to you.
To view all the mode pages for a particular device, in hex, enter
/etc/smartmon-ux -C /hw/scsi/sc2d66l0
-or /etc/smartmon-ux -C+ /hw/scsi/sc2d66l0
-or /etc/smartmon-ux -Cx /hw/scsi/sc2d66l0
On our IRIX development system, the device reported the below:
# /etc/smartmon-ux -C
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.26, Build 22-APR-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST336605FC S/N "3FP009Z6" on /hw/scsi/sc2d66l0 [SES] (SMART enabled) (34732 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Port receiving this command 0=A, 1=B: 1 [2]
Port A link failure count: 0 [4]
Port A loss of synchronization count: 2 [4]
Port A invalid transmission word count: 5 [4]
Port A invalid CRC count: 0 [4]
Port B link failure count: 1 [4]
Port B loss of synchronization count: 45 [4]
Port B invalid transmission word count: 196624 [4]
Port B invalid CRC count: 0 [4]
Logical blocks sent to initiators: 83780318 [4]
Logical blocks received from initiators: 6623284 [4]
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators: 45424812 [4]
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
66
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size: 366966 [4]
Number of read and write commands > current segment size: 76687 [4]
Power-on time in minutes: 38260 [4]
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement: 66 [4]
Write errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total write errors: 0 [4]
Write errors corrected: 0 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on writes): 0 [4]
Bytes processed (on writes): 3401038336 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on writes): 0 [4]
Read errors corrected without substantial delay: 887 [4]
Read errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total read errors: 0 [4]
Read errors corrected: 887 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on reads): 887 [4]
Bytes processed (on reads): 88372689408 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on reads): 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected without substantial delay: 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total verify errors: 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected: 0 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on verifys): 0 [4]
Bytes processed (on verifys): 0 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on verifys): 0 [4]
Total Non-medium errors: 0 [4]
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 37
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 65
Self-test (extended background): FAILED in segment #0 at Block #00000000 000238CFh @ 214 powered hours
[Drive media failed] Unrecovered read error ASC=11 ASCQ=00, SelfTestByte=00, VendorSpecificByte=E4
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 134 powered hours
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 24 powered hours
Self-test (standard): Completed w/o error @ 1 powered hours
Terminating program.
If you sent the command with the -Cx option, then the numbers in brackets would be suppressed. The bracketized
field shows you how many bytes the selected peripheral allocates for the resulting data. This is useful in the event you
need to assess the possibility that the field rolled over (like an odometer).
# /etc/smartmon-ux -Cx
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.26, Build 10-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST336605FC S/N "3FP009Z6" on /hw/scsi/sc2d66l0 [SES] (SMART enabled) (34732 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Port receiving this command 0=A, 1=B: 1
Port A link failure count: 0
Port A loss of synchronization count: 2
...
There are some interesting things to see here:
· Read or Write errors - We have 887 corrected read errors. Note that your operating system would not report
recovered errors, only unrecovered errors. Recovered errors means your system successfully retried the operation,
but this cost you I/O and CPU cycles. If you had any Unrecovered errors, you have some corrupted data.
· Number of minutes drive has been powered on. This disk has been powered on for 38260 minutes, nearly a
month. This is a Seagate-specific setting, and certain models of disk report this value as minutes since LAST power
on, while other disks report this as cumulative minutes drive has been powered on since leaving the factory. We do
not differentiate between the two, because there is no 100% infallible way to tell the difference. By looking at the
other statistics, however, we can make an educated guess that the drive has been up a week since last power
cycle. We can tell by examining the cumulative blocks read. Our IRIX box is only used for compiling and testing
code, so having 17GBs read in the 6 months we have had it is reasonable and having read 17GBs in last week is
not correct.
· The number in parentheses to the right of each value tells you how many bytes that the disk maintains to store
these values.
· Use that to make a judgment call to see if you have had an overflow. The disk drive does not maintain an overflow
counter, so there is no way to know if you really did have a field overflow.
· You can see that the disk processed 83,780,118 blocks, but only had 45,424,812 cache hits. That corresponds to
over a 54% read cache hit rate.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
67
· This disk is a fibre channel drive, and it has some problems on Port B.
This manual does not contain the record layout and meanings of log pages for every make and model of SCSI device.
This information is typically available from your disk manufacturer's web site. If you are interested in tuning your disk
or advanced problem diagnosis, you should contact your disk manufacturer and request the information. We have
found that IBM and Seagate are most cooperative and have all information online. Other vendors need to be
"prodded" a bit.
Now, let us look at the same disk, but view the log pages in Hex format: (You can enter -H or -H+, both will report all
log pages, but the -H+ option will perform a brute-force discovery)
# /etc/smartmon-ux -H | more
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.12, Build 25-AUG-2002] Discovered SEAGATE ST336605FC S/N "3FP009Z6" on
[Adapter/ID.LUN=4/4.0](34732 MB)
Statistical log pages raw dump below:
Log page 00h:
0000: 00 00 00 0A 00 02 03 05 06 0D 10 37 3D
Log page 02h:
0000: 02 00 00 34 00 01 20 04 00 00 00 00 00
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 03 20 04 00 00 00 00 00
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 05 20 08 00 00 00 00 CA
0030: 00 06 20 04 00 00 00 00
Log page 03h:
0000: 03 00 00 3C 00 00 20 04 00 00 03 77 00
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 02 20 04 00 00 00 00 00
0020: 00 00 03 77 00 04 20 04 00 00 03 77 00
0030: 00 00 00 14 93 6C 3A 00 00 06 20 04 00
Log page 05h:
0000: 05 00 00 3C 00 00 20 04 00 00 00 00 00
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 02 20 04 00 00 00 00 00
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 04 20 04 00 00 00 00 00
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 20 04 00
Log page 06h:
0000: 06 00 00 08 00 00 20 04 00 00 00 00
Log page 0Dh:
0000: 0D 00 00 78 00 00 20 02 00 24 00 01 20
0010: 00 02 20 02 00 24 80 FF 20 02 00 01 81
0020: 00 00 00 00 81 01 20 04 00 00 00 02 81
0030: 00 00 00 00 81 03 20 04 00 00 00 00 81
0040: 00 00 00 05 81 05 20 04 00 00 00 00 81
0050: 00 00 00 01 81 11 20 04 00 00 00 2D 81
0060: 00 00 00 00 81 13 20 04 00 00 00 00 81
0070: 00 03 00 10 81 15 20 04 00 00 00 00
Log page 10h:
0000: 10 00 01 90 00 01 03 10 20 00 00 00 FF
0010: FF FF FF FF 00 00 00 00 00 02 03 10 20
0020: FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF 00 00 00 00 00
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0040: 00 04 03 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 05 03 10 00 00 00 00 00
0060: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 03 10 00
0070: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0080: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0090: 00 08 03 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00a0: 00 00 00 00 00 09 03 10 00 00 00 00 00
00b0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0A 03 10 00
00c0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00d0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00e0: 00 0C 03 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00f0: 00 00 00 00 00 0D 03 10 00 00 00 00 00
0100: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0E 03 10 00
0110: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0120: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0130: 00 10 03 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0140: 00 00 00 00 00 11 03 10 00 00 00 00 00
0150: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 12 03 10 00
0160: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
/hw/scsi/sc2d66l0 [SES] (SMART enabled) (34732 MB)
3E
...........7=>
02 20 04
04 20 04
B7 BA 00
...4.. ....... .
...... ....... .
...... .........
.. .....
01
03
05
00
20
20
20
00
04
04
08
00
...<.. ....w.. .
...... ....... .
...w.. ....w.. .
.....l:... .....
01
03
05
00
20
20
20
00
04
04
08
00
...<.. ....... .
...... ....... .
...... ....... .
.......... .....
...... .....
02
00
02
04
10
12
14
00
20
20
20
20
20
20
41
04
04
04
04
04
04
...x.. ..$.. ..A
.. ..$.. ..... .
...... ....... .
...... ....... .
...... ....... .
...... ....-.. .
...... ....... .
...... .....
FF
00
03
00
00
00
00
07
00
00
00
00
0B
00
00
00
00
0F
00
00
00
00
13
FF
00
03
00
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
03
FF
00
10
00
00
00
00
10
00
00
00
00
10
00
00
00
00
10
00
00
00
00
10
........ .......
............ ...
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
68
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
0170: 00 00 00
0180: 00 14 03
0190: 00 00 00
Log page 37h:
0000: 37 00 00
0010: 00 65 10
0020: 00 05 99
Log page 3Dh:
0000: 3D 00 00
0010: 00 E2 0A
0020: FF FF FF
0030: 02 FF FF
0040: FF FF FF
0050: FF FF FF
0060: FF FF FF
0070: FF 02 FF
0080: FF FF FF
0090: FF FF FF
00a0: 06 FF FF
00b0: FF FF FF
00c0: FF FF FF
00d0: FF FF FF
00e0: FF 02 FF
00f0: FF FF FF
Log page 3Eh:
0000: 3E 00 00
0010: 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
10 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00
................
................
....
28 00 00 20 04 04 FE 62 DE 00 01 20 04
34 00 02 20 04 02 B5 20 AC 00 03 20 04
76 00 04 20 04 00 01 2B 8F
7..(.. ...b... .
.e.4.. ... ... .
...v.. ...+.
F0
00
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
03
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
=...............
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
....
10 00 00 20 04 00 00 95 7F 00 08 20 04
36
>..... ....... .
...6
00
01
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
05
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
01
FF
FF
FF
FF
02
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
02
FF
FF
00
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
06
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
0A
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
04
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
08
FF
00
FF
FF
02
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
02
FF
FF
FF
FF
01
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
00
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
00
FF
FF
FF
03
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
07
FF
FF
FF
00
02
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
02
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
00
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
FF
The values above really only make sense if you have the programming manual specific for your disk drive.
As written before, we try to maintain a list of log pages for the most common makes and models. If the -C output does
not return anything, but the -H dump does, your peripheral is not in our database. Please contact us if that is the case,
and we will make best efforts to revise the database for you.
Some devices aren't ANSI compliant, and do not properly supply log page #0, which is a list of valid log pages. If log
page entries do not appear, you may have luck if you use -C+ or -H+ instead of -C and -H. This instructs the
software to use a brute-force discovery process.
Also note that even if the disk is in the database, we may not decode all of the log page information. That is because
not all fields are in a standard format, and have to be manually decoded. We apologize for this. We choose to report
the most common information that people would be interested in. If you desire all of the possibly hundreds of fields
yourself, we give you the hex dump above to make that possible.
Self-Test Results Syntax Changes for Release 1.26
In version 1.26, we added additional information 68 to the self-test results. Previously, it just reported the test
type, block number (if failure detected) and powered hours at the time the test was run. It also only reported the
previous 3 results.
Now, the program reports the last 20 self-test results (if applicable), the sense data and description of error(s) found,
and the values of vendor-unique bytes which would be of value to your disk vendor in event an error is discovered.
1.21.1 Example Decoded Log Page Dump - SAS Disk
The results below were run under SPARC Solaris 10 using a Seagate ST3146855SS SAS disk.
# /etc/smartmon-ux -C /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29QG4" on /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0 (SMART enabled)(140014 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Write errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Total Write errors: 0 [4]
Write errors corrected: 0 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Writes): 0 [4]
Bytes processed (on Writes): 353948013568 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on Writes): 0 [4]
Read errors corrected without substantial delay: 605260 [4]
Read errors corrected with possible delays: 9 [4]
Total Read errors: 0 [4]
Read errors corrected: 605269 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Reads): 605996 [4]
Bytes processed (on Reads): 652188835328 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on Reads): 727 [4]
Verify errors corrected without substantial delay: 590 [4]
Verify errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total Verify errors: 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected: 590 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Verifys): 590 [4]
Bytes processed (on Verifys): 0 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on Verifys): 0 [4]
Total Non-medium errors: 0 [4]
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 32
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 68
Background scanning status: 8
Number of background scans performed: 35
Background scan percentage completed: 35
SAS Phy #0 (50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FD) - Invalid dwords: 0
SAS Phy #0 (50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FD) - Running disparity errors:
SAS Phy #0 (50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FD) - Loss of dword syncs: 0
SAS Phy #0 (50-00-C5-00-06-94-BF-FD) - Reset problems: 0
69
0
Program Ended.
Note that the dump provides on the SAS world wide names and transport errors
69
.
1.21.2 Example Decoded Log Page Dump - FC Disk
The results below were run under SPARC Solaris 10 using a Seagate ST336704FC Fibre Channel disk.
# /etc/smartmon-ux -C /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST336704FC S/N "3CD0W3AV" on /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0s0 [SES] (SMART enabled)(35003 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Port receiving this command 0=A, 1=B: 0 [2]
Port A link failure count: 0 [4]
Port A loss of synchronization count: 7 [4]
Port A invalid transmission word count: 0 [4]
Port A invalid CRC count: 0 [4]
Port B link failure count: 1 [4]
Port B loss of synchronization count: 1 [4]
Port B invalid transmission word count: 0 [4]
Port B invalid CRC count: 0 [4]
Logical blocks sent to initiators: 17096691 [4]
Logical blocks received from initiators: 162586438 [4]
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators: 637366 [4]
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size: 5696043 [4]
Number of read and write commands > current segment size: 1694 [4]
Power-on time in minutes: 198640 [4]
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement: 104 [4]
Write errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total Write errors: 0 [4]
Write errors corrected: 0 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Writes): 0 [4]
Bytes processed (on Writes): 106982397952 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on Writes): 0 [4]
Read errors corrected without substantial delay: 21 [4]
Read errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total Read errors: 0 [4]
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
70
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Read errors corrected: 21 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Reads): 21 [4]
Bytes processed (on Reads): 134854044160 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on Reads): 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected without substantial delay: 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected with possible delays: 0 [4]
Total Verify errors: 0 [4]
Verify errors corrected: 0 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Verifys): 0 [4]
Bytes processed (on Verifys): 1229312 [8]
Unrecovered errors (on Verifys): 0 [4]
Total Non-medium errors: 2 [4]
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 40
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 65
Self-test (extended background): Aborted by application @ 2344 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (extended background): Aborted by application @ 2344 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (extended background): Aborted by application @ 2344 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Aborted by application @ 2344 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 2344 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 2344 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 2343 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 2343 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 2284 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (extended background): Completed w/o error @ 2280 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (extended background): Completed w/o error @ 2279 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (extended background): Aborted by application @ 2278 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (extended background): Aborted by application @ 2278 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Aborted by application @ 2278 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 2278 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 0 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 0 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Program Ended.
Note the cumulative errors on the fibre channel A and B
69
ports, and the extensive self-test results
70
.
1.21.3 Example Decoded Log Page Dump - SCSI Disk
The results below were run under Windows XP using a HP 36 GB SCSI Disk.
C>\scratch>smartmon-ux -Cx \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered HP 36.4G MAU3036NC S/N "KY010344" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1 (Not Enabling SMART) [Bus/Port/ID.
LUN=0/2/9.0](34732 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Buffer under-runs: 0
Buffer over-runs: 0
Write errors corrected without substantial delay: 0
Write errors corrected with possible delays: 0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
71
Total Write errors: 0
Write errors corrected: 0
Times correction algorithm processed (on Writes): 0
Unrecovered errors (on Writes): 0
Read errors corrected without substantial delay: 0
Read errors corrected with possible delays: 0
Total Read errors: 0
Read errors corrected: 0 [4]
Times correction algorithm processed (on Reads): 0
Unrecovered errors (on Reads): 0
Verify errors corrected without substantial delay: 0
Verify errors corrected with possible delays: 0
Total Verify errors: 0
Verify errors corrected: 0
Times correction algorithm processed (on Verifys): 0
Unrecovered errors (on Verifys): 0
Total Non-medium errors: 28746
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 38
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 65
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 38
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 65
Device manufactured (week/year): 16/2005
Specified max start-stop cycle count: 10000
Accumulated start-stop cycles: 353
Self-test (extended background): Completed w/o error @ 112 powered hours [No Error] SelfTestByte=00,
VendorSpecificByte=00
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 38
Program Ended.
(Note that this report uses -Cx variant to suppress the trailing bracketized log data.
1.21.4 Example Decoded Log Page Dump - SCSI Tape
The results below were run under Windows XP using a HP 36 GB SCSI Disk.
C>\scratch>smartmon-ux -Cx \\.\TAPE0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered TANDBERG SLR7 S/N "SN007005396" on \\.\TAPE0 (tape) [Bus/Port/ID.LUN=0/3/12.0]
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Total logical data blocks transferred: 7248
Total physical blocks written to media: 55023104
Total physical blocks read from media (Read and Space operations only): 101376
Approx remaining capacity of partition 0 (in KBytes): 19690708
Approx remaining capacity of current partition (in KBytes): 19690708
Approx maximum capacity of partition 0 (in KBytes): 19690708
Approx maximum capacity of current partition (in KBytes): 19690708
Number of file marks: 9
Number of set marks: 0
Number of minutes of motion since last head cleaning: 94
Number of head cleanings: 5
Total power-on minutes: 360949
Total number of cartridge loads: 146
Number of servo lock retries: 0
Number of servo track seeks: 0
Number of lost servo locks on writes: 0
Number of write servo dropouts: 0
Number of lost servo locks on reads: 0
Number of read servo dropouts: 0
Current selected track number: 0
Cartridge serial number: 496256
Number of times this cartridge loaded: 18
Number of beginning-of-tape markers passed for this tape: 253
Number of end-of-tape markers passed for this tape: 14
Number of cartridge write past counters: 27
Number of minutes cartridge has been in motion: 121
Write compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change): 168
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
72
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Read compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change): 0
Percentage of data with compression between .89 and 1.2 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 1.2 and 1.6 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 1.6 and 2.2 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 2.2 and 3.6 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression greater than 3.6 - reset on cartridge change: 0
Buffer under-runs: 22
Buffer over-runs: 1
Write errors corrected with possible delays: 155808
Total Write errors: 345
Write errors corrected: 345
Times correction algorithm processed (on Writes): 0
Bytes processed (on Writes): 295436288
Unrecovered errors (on Writes): 0
Read errors corrected with possible delays: 0
Total Read errors: 1
Read errors corrected: 1
Times correction algorithm processed (on Reads): 1
Bytes processed (on Reads): 7602176
Unrecovered errors (on Reads): 0
0
28
71
0
Program Ended.
The log pages provide a great deal of insight when dealing with tape and autochangers. Consider how valuable the
highlighted fields are when dealing with software vs. hardware compression; data integrity; tape rotation; and so on.
The buffer under-runs tells us that that tape drive couldn't keep up with the data stream, and buffer under-runs tells us
how many times the host couldn't keep up with the tape.
1.22
SMART Threshold and Attribute Viewer
Threshold and attributes are only applicable for IDE disk drives (which includes SATA disks).
SCSI and Fibre Channel drives provide additional statistical information which may be viewed by examining the log
pages 65 .
With version 1.28, we added additional information to the -S output. Previously we would report something like:
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6Y080M0 S/N "Y3JRAGXE" on /dev/hda (SMART Enabled)
S.M.A.R.T. Attributes and Thresholds (Note - Alert made if Current BELOW threshold):
Attribute# and Description
Flags Current Worst Threshold
(3) Spin Up Time:
0x0027
205
205
63
(4) Start/Stop Count:
0x0032
253
253
0
(5) Reallocated Sector Count:
0x0033
253
253
63
(6) Read Channel Margin
0x0001
253
253
100
(7) Seek Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
(8) Seek Time Performance:
0x0027
253
251
187
(9) Power On Hours Count:
0x0032
253
253
0
(10) Spin Retry Count:
0x002b
253
252
157
(11) Calibration Retry Count:
0x002b
253
252
223
(12) Power Cycles:
0x0032
253
253
0
(192) Emergency Retract Cycles:
0x0032
253
253
0
(193) Load/Unload Cycles:
0x0032
253
253
0
(194) HDD Temperature:
0x0032
253
253
0
(195) On The Fly Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
(196) Offline Reallocation Events:
0x0008
253
253
0
(197) Probational Sector Count:
0x0008
253
253
0
(198) Scan Uncorrectable Sectors:
0x0008
253
253
0
(199) CRC Errors:
0x0008
199
199
0
(200) Write Preamp Errors:
0x000a
253
252
0
(201) Off Track Errors:
0x000a
253
252
0
(202) DAM Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
(203) ECC Errors:
0x000b
253
252
180
(204) Raw Read Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
(205) Thermal Asperity Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
(207) Spin High Current:
0x002a
253
252
0
(208) Spin Buzz:
0x002a
253
252
0
(209) Off Line Seek Performance:
0x0024
198
198
0
( 99) Unknown (vendor-specific) Attribute:
0x0004
253
253
0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
(100) Unknown (vendor-specific) Attribute:
0x0004
253
(101) Unknown (vendor-specific) Attribute:
0x0004
253
The current hard disk temperature is: 36C (96F) degrees
253
253
73
0
0
Now we report ...
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 5A250J0 S/N "A80F8323" on /dev/hda (SMART Enabled)(239372 MB)
S.M.A.R.T. Attributes and Thresholds (Note - Alert made if Current BELOW threshold):
Attribute# and Description
Flags Current Worst Threshold
Value [Notes]
(3) Spin Up Time:
0x0027
207
204
63
10069
(4) Start/Stop Count:
0x0032
253
253
0
153
(5) Reallocated Sector Count:
0x0033
253
253
63
0
(6) Read Channel Margin
0x0001
253
253
100
0
(7) Seek Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
0
(8) Seek Time Performance:
0x0027
252
248
187
36100
(9) Power On Hours Count:
0x0032
234
234
0
15927 [11 days 01 hrs
27 min]
(10) Spin Retry Count:
0x002b
253
252
157
0
(11) Calibration Retry Count:
0x002b
253
252
223
0
(12) Power Cycles:
0x0032
253
253
0
170
( 99) Unknown (vendor-specific) Attribute:
0x0004
253
253
0
0
(100) Unknown (vendor-specific) Attribute:
0x0004
253
253
0
0
(101) Unknown (vendor-specific) Attribute:
0x0004
253
253
0
0
(192) Emergency Retract Cycles:
0x0032
253
253
0
0
(193) Load/Unload Cycles:
0x0032
253
253
0
0
(194) HDD Temperature (Degrees C):
0x0032
253
253
0
24 [24C]
(195) On The Fly Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
32404
(196) Offline Reallocation Events:
0x0008
253
253
0
0
(197) Probational Sector Count:
0x0008
253
253
0
0
(198) Scan Uncorrectable Sectors:
0x0008
253
253
0
0
(199) CRC Errors:
0x0008
198
188
0
11
(200) Write Preamp Errors:
0x000a
253
252
0
0
(201) Off Track Errors:
0x000a
253
247
0
332
(202) DAM Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
0
(203) ECC Errors:
0x000b
253
252
180
0
(204) Raw Read Error Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
0
(205) Thermal Asperity Rate:
0x000a
253
252
0
0
(207) Spin High Current:
0x002a
253
252
0
0
(208) Spin Buzz:
0x002a
253
252
0
0
(209) Off Line Seek Performance:
0x0024
253
253
0
0
The current device temperature is: 24C (75F) degrees
First and foremost, the above information should not be used to estimate remaining life in a device. The
attributes and thresholds are all vendor/drive specific, and only the manufacturer has the technical expertise to
interpret this information. It is our desire to make it available to you, so you may discuss this information with your
supplier in event of a drive problem.
In the event of a S.M.A.R.T. alert, you should immediately back up your data. After that, contact your vendor to
request an RMA and tell them you have a S.M.A.R.T. alert. If your disk is under warranty, they will work out the details
of a drive replacement.
After your replacement is on the way and after you have backed up your data, you may then contact your drive
vendor's technical support and ask them to interpret the above information in order to determine either root cause, or
expected life. Depending on many factors, they may or may not offer to provide this analysis. (Primarily, they will not
bother to do it unless you are a really good customer of theirs, and/or you are having multiple drive failures).
You should also be aware that you may have a false error. This is where the S.M.A.R.T. firmware in your drive
initiates an alert, but the drive is fine. A common cause of false errors is if your disk drive has had power supply
problems, or is exposed to radical temperature changes in a short amount of time. Before shipping your drive off for
replacement, you should contact your supplier and ask them to interpret the data to determine if a false error is likely.
(It has been our experience that vendors would rather just replace the drive rather than perform this analysis.)
Note that the last line contains the hard disk temperature. We can currently only report temperature for most of
Maxtor's ATA and SATA disk drives, and some WD disks. Support is added for other disks as we obtain the
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
74
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
vendor-specific programming information as we obtain this information.
1.23
SMART Error Log Reporting
IDE type disk drives, whether they use serial ATA (SATA) or parallel ATA (PATA or just ATA) interfaces, offer an
abundance of diagnostic and reporting capability. They are part of the SMART command set which is supported in all
but the earliest generation of ATA disk drives. The error logging contains volatile and non-volatile information and you
can somewhat equate that to the log page reporting 65 found in SCSI family disk drives.
This feature was released in version 1.23.
Usage:
smartmon-ux -O [options]
17
[device_list]
22
Sample Output:
[root@morph smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -O
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6Y080M0 S/N "Y3JRAGXE" on /dev/hda (SMART Enabled)
Cumulative errors recorded by disk:
0
Discovered SEAGATE ST39102LC S/N "LJT22233" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(8683 MB)
Discovered SEAGATE ST39102LC S/N "ZJ904241" on /dev/sdb (SMART enabled)(8683 MB)
Program Ended.
Analysis: Note that this command was issued on a system that had two SCSI disks and an ATA disk. The
ATA disk at /dev/hda reported no errors, and the two SCSI Seagate disks ignored the command entirely since
the SMART Error Log Reporting is a feature that is unique to SATA and PATA disks.
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -O
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered ExcelStor Technology ES3220 S/N "KF11MPL" on /dev/hdc (SMART Enabled)
Cumulative errors recorded by disk:
157 (Last 5 entries only)
Error #(157) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
9999
ERROR Register:
04
STATUS Register:
00
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------0.009
F8
00
00
00
00
00
E0
00
READ NATIVE MAX
ADDRESS
0.009
10
00
3F
00
00
00
A0
00
RECALIBRATE
0.009
91
00
3F
3F
FF
3F
AF
00
INITIALIZE DEVICE
PARAMETERS
0.048
EF
03
42
00
00
00
A0
00
SET FEATURES [Set
transfer mode]
0.044
EC
00
00
00
00
00
A0
00
IDENTIFY DEVICE
Error #(156) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
9996
ERROR Register:
04
STATUS Register:
00
SECTOR Register:
00
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
75
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------0.057
F8
00
00
00
00
00
E0
00
READ NATIVE MAX
ADDRESS
0.055
10
00
3F
00
00
00
A0
00
RECALIBRATE
0.055
91
00
3F
3F
FF
3F
AF
00
INITIALIZE DEVICE
PARAMETERS
0.030
EF
03
42
00
00
00
A0
00
SET FEATURES [Set
transfer mode]
0.025
EC
00
00
00
00
00
A0
00
IDENTIFY DEVICE
Error #(155) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
9992
ERROR Register:
04
STATUS Register:
00
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------0.043
F8
00
00
00
00
00
E0
00
READ NATIVE MAX
ADDRESS
0.043
10
00
3F
00
00
00
A0
00
RECALIBRATE
0.043
91
00
3F
3F
FF
3F
AF
00
INITIALIZE DEVICE
PARAMETERS
0.016
EF
03
42
00
00
00
A0
00
SET FEATURES [Set
transfer mode]
0.011
EC
00
00
00
00
00
A0
00
IDENTIFY DEVICE
Error #(154) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
9990
ERROR Register:
04
STATUS Register:
00
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------0.042
F8
00
00
00
00
00
E0
00
READ NATIVE MAX
ADDRESS
0.042
10
00
3F
00
00
00
A0
00
RECALIBRATE
0.042
91
00
3F
3F
FF
3F
AF
00
INITIALIZE DEVICE
PARAMETERS
0.017
EF
03
42
00
00
00
A0
00
SET FEATURES [Set
transfer mode]
0.012
EC
00
00
00
00
00
A0
00
IDENTIFY DEVICE
Error #(153) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
9981
ERROR Register:
04
STATUS Register:
00
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
76
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------0.049
F8
00
00
00
00
00
E0
00
READ NATIVE MAX
ADDRESS
0.049
10
00
3F
00
00
00
A0
00
RECALIBRATE
0.049
91
00
3F
3F
FF
3F
AF
00
INITIALIZE DEVICE
PARAMETERS
0.023
EF
03
42
00
00
00
A0
00
SET FEATURES [Set
transfer mode]
0.018
EC
00
00
00
00
00
A0
00
IDENTIFY DEVICE
Note: All ATA registers represented by single HEX byte. The timestamp represents the elapsed
time in seconds since previous power=on. This wraps back to zero approximately every 50 days because
that
represents 2 ^ 32 milliseconds. Only the last 5 errors are retained by the disk drive per ANSI
specification.
Discovered Maxtor 5A250J0 S/N "A80F545E" on /dev/hdd (SMART Enabled)
Cumulative errors recorded by disk:
34 (Last 5 entries only)
Error #(34) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
1133
ERROR Register:
84 (Error: ICRC, ABORT)
STATUS Register:
51 (Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR)
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
8E A0 4C 1B 00 00 03 00 9C 0B 06 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0C
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------368.768
C8
00
01
00
00
00
E0
08
READ DMA
352.416
90
00
FF
3E
C5
FA
A0
08
EXECUTE DEVICE
DIAGNOSTIC
352.416
EC
00
00
3E
C5
FA
A0
08
IDENTIFY DEVICE
338.032
40
00
01
3E
C5
FA
E0
08
READ VERIFY
SECTOR(S)
337.904
E3
03
00
01
4F
C2
A0
08
IDLE
Error #(33) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
1133
ERROR Register:
84 (Error: ICRC, ABORT)
STATUS Register:
51 (Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR)
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
80
LBA MIDDLE Register:
61
LBA HIGH Register:
0F
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
18 C0 47 1B 00 00 03 00 6E 72 02 00 B0 03 00 0B 00 00 0C
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------1556.496
C8
00
08
80
61
0F
E0
08
READ DMA
1556.480
C6
00
10
00
00
00
E0
08
SET MULTIPLE MODE
1556.480
10
00
3F
00
00
00
E0
08
RECALIBRATE
1467.984
E1
00
00
80
61
0F
E0
0E
IDLE IMMEDIATE
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
77
1467.984
E1
00
00
80
61
0F
E0
08
IDLE IMMEDIATE
Error #(32) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
1133
ERROR Register:
84 (Error: ICRC, ABORT)
STATUS Register:
51 (Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR)
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
80
LBA MIDDLE Register:
61
LBA HIGH Register:
0F
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
2D 66 46 1B 00 00 03 00 DF 03 04 00 B3 00 00 0B 00 00 0C
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------1467.920
C8
00
08
80
61
0F
E0
08
READ DMA
1467.856
C8
00
10
80
48
54
E2
08
READ DMA
1467.824
C8
00
08
3F
00
00
E0
08
READ DMA
1467.760
C8
00
10
BF
60
0F
E0
08
READ DMA
1467.696
C8
00
10
BF
60
0F
E0
08
READ DMA
Error #(31) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
1133
ERROR Register:
84 (Error: ICRC, ABORT)
STATUS Register:
51 (Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR)
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
BF
LBA MIDDLE Register:
60
LBA HIGH Register:
0F
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
3D 65 46 1B 00 00 03 00 5E 03 07 00 17 04 00 0B 00 00 0C
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------1467.696
C8
00
10
BF
60
0F
E0
08
READ DMA
907.376
C8
00
20
08
00
00
E0
08
READ DMA
907.280
E1
00
00
00
00
00
E0
08
IDLE IMMEDIATE
907.216
C8
00
08
00
00
00
E0
08
READ DMA
902.432
B0
D1
01
01
4F
C2
E0
08
SMART READ
ATTRIBUTE THRESHOLDS
Error #(30) Contents of registers when command register was written:
Device state field byte and description:
00 (Unknown)
Timestamp (lifetime powered-up hours):
1132
ERROR Register:
84 (Error: ICRC, ABORT)
STATUS Register:
51 (Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR)
SECTOR Register:
00
LBA LOW Register:
00
LBA MIDDLE Register:
00
LBA HIGH Register:
00
DEVICE Register:
E0
Extended error bytes:
DC D7 3D 1B 00 00 03 00 5E 03 07 00 00 00 00 0B 00 00 0C
Listing of previous 5 commands executed before error (reverse-sequential):
Time(secs) Command Feature
Sector LBA Low LBA Mid LBA High
Device DevCtrl Command
Description
--------- ------- ------------ ------- ------- ------------- -----------------------------907.216
C8
00
08
00
00
00
E0
08
READ DMA
902.432
B0
D1
01
01
4F
C2
E0
08
SMART READ
ATTRIBUTE THRESHOLDS
902.384
B0
D0
01
00
4F
C2
E0
08
SMART READ DATA
902.336
B0
D8
00
01
4F
C2
E0
08
SMART ENABLE
OPERATIONS
823.680
C4
00
20
08
00
00
E0
08
READ MULTIPLE
Note: All ATA registers represented by single HEX byte. The timestamp represents the elapsed
time in seconds since previous power=on. This wraps back to zero approximately every 50 days because
that
represents 2 ^ 32 milliseconds. Only the last 5 errors are retained by the disk drive per ANSI
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
78
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
specification.
Discovered MYLEX DACARMRB S/N "0002ab5c20000080e511ab5c0000000000000000" on /dev/sda (SMART
unsupported)(69423 MB)
Discovered MYLEX DACARMRB PSEUDO S/N " " on /dev/sdb
Program Ended.
Analysis: Both of these drives have been used in a system for a significantly longer time, and you see they
have all recorded errors. In the case of the Maxtor disk, you will see that there are also extended error bytes
which are vendor-unique.
Notes:
· The -O option may be added to the command-line with other options. If the -O option is used, however, the
program will automatically terminate after reporting all relevant information. The program will not launch and run in
the background after discovering the devices.
· The -O option will only report information if the selected device is capable of reporting such information. Disks that
do not support the SMART Report Error Log will ignore the command.
· The -O option reports really advanced stuff. Many of the "errors" it reports may be perfectly normal. SANtools does
not interpret this information for you, but your hardware and/or disk drive vendor or supplier should be able to
analyze the information for you, provided you are having some sort of problem. If you are a storage engineer,
however, you will find this feature invaluable.
· The -O option can be combined with other reporting options such as -I 54 or -S 72 .
· This function works with SPARC Solaris, Windows family operating system, LINUX, and OS X.
1.24
Enabling, Disabling, Controlling S.M.A.R.T
Enabling S.M.A.R.T. Polling
SMARTMon-UX enables S.M.A.R.T. polling by default. If you invoke the program with no options at all, the program
will scan for all disk drives, enable S.M.A.R.T. as each disk is discovered, and relaunch into the background after
information has been reported. Details for each operating system is described with additional details in the Principles
of Operation 3 section.
If you are running a Windows-family O/S, the MS-DOS box will stay open and the program will continue to run in that
window. That is because the O/S does not provide a convenient method to run a command-line program as a
background job.
Turning off S.M.A.R.T.
With version 1.23, we added a new command option, -p. This command option searches for all SCSI & fibre channel
disks, checks to see if S.M.A.R.T. is turned on, and disables it. When all of the devices have been scanned, it exists
the program. The -p option also reports what state that S.M.A.R.T. was in for the selected disks as they are
discovered.
Example:
./smartmon-ux -p
./smartmon-ux -p
/dev/sga /dev/sgb (Disables S.M.A.R.T. for these two disks)
(Disables S.M.A.R.T. for all disks)
(Substitute -pp for -p in commands above to make the change non-volatile, so S.M.A.R.T. stays off
even after recycling power).
Notes:
Enabling S.M.A.R.T. for SCSI and Fibre Channel disks requires making a change to mode page 1C. Per the
S.M.A.R.T. specification, we do not make the change permanent by programming the device using the saved 80
mode page. We only modify the current 80 mode page 79 . That means once you recycle power on your disk drives,
the disk will revert to whatever state it was in before invoking SMARTMon-UX.
If you wish to permanently configure your disk so that S.M.A.R.T. is always enabled (or disabled) at power-on, you will
need to make appropriate changes to the disk's mode page using the mode page editor function. This can be done by
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
using either the -mpimport
98
or -B
79
79
commands.
As always, never make changes to mode pages unless you know what you are doing. We suggest that if you want to
disable S.M.A.R.T., use the new -p command described in this section. If you want to disable S.M.A.R.T., so it stays
disabled, even after power cycles, then use the -pp command.
You should also look at the Mode Page 1C settings
1.25
228
which provide more information on these and related topics.
Mode Page Editor
This is one of the most valuable components of S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor. It allows you to change hundreds of disk
drive settings covering diverse features such as how the drive formats, power-saving settings, error-recovery
algorithms, and read-write cache settings.
First and foremost ...
If you have no concept of what a mode page editor is, or what it can do for you, then look but do not touch. In extreme
cases making incorrect changes can make your data inaccessible or result in data loss.
You should always consult with your hardware vendor to make sure any mode changes you make do not cause a
problem and would be supportable. If you purchased your disk drives as part of an integrated system (particularly
from Sun, HP, or SGI), the mode pages will typically be correct. They may, however, not be optimal for your hardware
configuration. There are over a dozen configurable cache-related settings. By tweaking these values you may improve
performance considerably.
If you purchased 3rd party disk drives, the mode pages will probably be incorrect. IBM, SUN, and HP may all
integrate the same physical disk drive, but they have very different mode page settings for the error recovery and
cache control pages.
For example, Seagate disks typically ship with write cache enabled, which will cause data loss if your system loses
power. Sun and HP disks typically ship with write cache disabled for your protection.
To view all the mode pages for a particular device, enter:
/etc/smartmon-ux -A /hw/scsi/sc0d1l0
This might report something like:
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.04, Build 27-SEP-2001] - Copyright 2001 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST39175LC S/N "3AL07K7P" on /hw/scsi/sc0d1l0 (S.M.A.R.T. enabled)
Page 00h
0000: 80
Page 00h
0000: 80
Page 00h
0000: 80
Page 00h
0000: 80
Current:
02 07 00
Changeable:
02 77 40
Default:
02 00 00
Saved:
02 07 00
Page 01h Current:
0000: 81 0A C4 0B E8
Page 01h Changeable:
0000: 81 0A FF FF 00
Page 01h Default:
0000: 81 0A C0 0B E8
Page 01h Saved:
0000: 81 0A C4 0B E8
.
.
.
Page 1Ch Current:
0000: 9C 0A 00 04 00
Page 1Ch Changeable:
....
..w@
....
....
00 00 00 0F 00 FF FF
............
00 00 00 FF 00 FF FF
............
00 00 00 0F 00 FF FF
............
00 00 00 0F 00 FF FF
............
00 17 70 00 00 00 00
.......p....
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
80
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
0000: 9C 0A 8D 0F FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
Page 1Ch Default:
0000: 9C 0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01
Page 1Ch Saved:
0000: 9C 0A 08 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01
Terminating program.
............
............
............
If you then wanted to make a change to the saved page 1C, you might enter something like
/etc/smartmon-ux -B S,9C,0A,08,00,00,00,00,00,FF,FF,FF,FF /hw/scsi/sc0d1l0
Current, Saved, Default and Changeable Pages refer to the Page Control bits, which determine which set of values
are desired. Basically consider the default settings are factory settings, and saved settings are the result of any
changes that have been "saved" through SMARTMon-UX, or any other program which made a change to a particular
mode page. If you make a change and specify it should be made to the saved 80 page, that change will also be
reflected into the current 80 page.
Not all bits on all mode pages are changeable. Also, is it quite common for firmware upgrades to change changeable
or default bits in particular mode pages. Furthermore, you might not be able to make any changes to a particular
mode page for a particular device.
This manual does not contain the record layout and meanings of mode pages. This information is typically available
from your disk manufacturer's web site, as a good portion of the pages are drive-specific.
Note also that mode pages are not unique to disk drives. They are unique, however to SCSI & Fibre channel devices.
Tapes, CDROMs, disks, and some SES enclosures have mode pages.
If you have multiple mode pages to change, or want to clone some or all mode pages to more than one peripheral of
the same type, you should use the -mpimport 98 and -mpexport 95 functions found in the Batch Mode Page
Import/Export 95 section.
1.26
Mode Page Viewer
The viewer, invoked by the -J option, displays most of the ANSI-defined mode pages in human readable format. The
ANSI specification defines hundreds of mode page settings. Some fields are optional, and some are required
depending on what type of device you have, and what ANSI specification level it is.
The -A option will instruct the software to report full hex dumps of all mode pages
79
,
You can download one of the ANSI specification at: ftp://ftp.t10.org/t10/drafts/spc3/spc3r05.pdf. It has full information
about interpreting the hundreds of bytes, bits, and bit fields found in SCSI peripherals. In the interest of enticing you to
download the spec, we will discuss a small subset of the information we are learning about one of the Seagate disk
drives attached to a development system. Revisions are constantly changing, and the link will expire some time in the
future. If you just go to the http://www.t10.org site, then you will be able to view all of the documents.
Below are some sample outputs from a disk drive and a tape drive.
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.10F, Build 22-APR-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
Read-Write Error Recovery
: Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Automatic reallocation of write (AWRE) : 1, 1, 1
Automatic reallocation of read (ARRE)
: 1, 1, 1
Transfer block (TB)
: 0, 0, 0
Read continuous (RC)
: 0, 0, 0
Post error (PER)
: 0, 0, 0
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
: 0, 0, 0
Disable correction (DCR)
: 0, 0, 0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Read Retry Count
Correction Span
Head Offset Count
Data Strobe Offset Count
Write Retry Count
Recovery Time Limit
:
:
:
:
:
:
11, 11, 11
255, 255, 255 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
5, 5, 5
65535, 65535, 65535
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio
Buffer empty ratio
Bus inactivity limit
Disconnect time limit
Connect time limit
Maximum burst size
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
128, 128, 128
128, 128, 128
10, 10, 10 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Format Device
Tracks per zone
Alternate sectors per zone
Alternate tracks per zone
Alternate tracks per lun
Sectors per track
Bytes per sector
Interleave
Track skew factor
Cylinder skew factor
Supports soft sectoring (SSEC)
Supports hard sectoring (SHEC)
Removable Medium (RMB)
Addresses assigned by surface (SURF)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [03h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
9044, 9044, 9044 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
16, 16, 16 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
720, 720, 720 {R/O}
512, 512, 512 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
144, 144, 144 {R/O}
102, 102, 102 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Rigid Disk Device Geometry
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Starting write precomp
Starting reduced current
Drive step rate
Landing Zone Cylinder
RPL
Rotational Offset
Medium rotation Rate
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [04h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
49855, 49855, 49855 {R/O}
4, 4, 4 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
10033, 10033, 10033 {R/O}
Verify Error Recovery
EER
PER
DTE
DCR
Verify Retry Count
Verify Correction Span (bits)
Verify Recovery Time Limit (ms)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [07h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
11, 11, 11
255, 255, 255 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535
Cache Control
Initiator control (IC)
Abort Pre-fetch (ABPF)
Caching analysis permitted (CAP)
Discontinuity (DISC)
Size enable (Size)
Write cache enable (WCE)
Multiplication factor (MF)
Read cache disable (RCD)
Demand read retention priority
Demand Write Retention Priority
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
Minimum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
Force sequential write (FSW)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [08h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
65535, 65535, 65535
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
81
82
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
LB cache segment size (LBCSS)
Disable read-ahead (DRA)
Vendor-specific bits (VSS)
Number of cache segments
Cache segment size
Non cache segment size
:
:
:
:
:
:
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
32, 32,
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
{R/O}
Control Mode
TST
D_SENSE
GLTSD
RLEC
Queue algorithm modifier
QErr
DQue
TAS
RAQ
UA_INTLCK_CTRL
SWP
RAERP
UUAERP
EAERP
Autoload mode
Ready AER holdoff period
Busy timeout period
Extended self-test completion time
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1488, 1488, 1488 {R/O}
Protocol Specific Port
Physical interface
Driver strength
Driver asymmetry
Driver precompensation
Driver slew rate
DB(0) Value
DB(1) Value
DB(2) Value
DB(3) Value
DB(4) Value
DB(5) Value
DB(6) Value
DB(7) Value
DB(8) Value
DB(9) Value
DB(10) Value
DB(11) Value
DB(12) Value
DB(13) Value
DB(14) Value
P_CRCA
P1
BSY
SEL
RST
REQ
ACK
ATN
C/D
I/O
MSG
Transfer period factor
REQ/ACK offset timing
Transfer width exponent
Protocol options bits
Driver asymmetry
Sent PCOMP enabled
Received PCOMP enabled
Min xfr period factor
Max REQ/ACK offset
Max transfer width exponent
Protocol options bits supported
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [19h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Parallel SCSI
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
00h, 09h, 00h
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
08h, 08h, 08h
{R/O}
32
{R/O}
{R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Power Condition
Idle
Standby
Idle condition timer
Standby condition timer
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 0, 0
1, 0, 0
00000001h, 00000001h, 00000001h
00000004h, 00000004h, 00000004h
Informational Exceptions Control
PERF
EBF
EWASC
DExcpt
TEST
LogErr
MRIE
Interval timer
Report count
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 4, 0
00000000h, 00001770h, 00000000h
00000001h, 00000000h, 00000001h
Discovered IBM DNEF-309170 S/N "AJ18Q212"
Read-Write Error Recovery
Automatic reallocation of write (AWRE)
Automatic reallocation of read (ARRE)
Transfer block (TB)
Read continuous (RC)
Post error (PER)
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
Disable correction (DCR)
Read Retry Count
Correction Span
Head Offset Count
Data Strobe Offset Count
Write Retry Count
Recovery Time Limit
on /dev/sdm [SES] (SMART enabled)(8748 MB)
: Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
: 1, 1, 1
: 1, 1, 1
: 0, 0, 0
: 0, 0, 0
: 0, 0, 0
: 0, 0, 0
: 0, 0, 0
: 1, 1, 1
: 0, 0, 0
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
: 1, 1, 1
: 0, 0, 0
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio
Buffer empty ratio
Bus inactivity limit
Disconnect time limit
Connect time limit
Maximum burst size
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Format Device
Tracks per zone
Alternate sectors per zone
Alternate tracks per zone
Alternate tracks per lun
Sectors per track
Bytes per sector
Interleave
Track skew factor
Cylinder skew factor
Supports soft sectoring (SSEC)
Supports hard sectoring (SHEC)
Removable Medium (RMB)
Addresses assigned by surface (SURF)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [03h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
4900, 4900, 4900 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
364, 364, 364 {R/O}
512, 512, 512 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
11, 11, 11 {R/O}
20, 20, 20 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Rigid Disk Device Geometry
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Starting write precomp
Starting reduced current
Drive step rate
Landing Zone Cylinder
RPL
Rotational Offset
Medium rotation Rate
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [04h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
11474, 11474, 11474 {R/O}
5, 5, 5 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
7200, 7200, 7200 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
83
84
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Verify Error Recovery
EER
PER
DTE
DCR
Verify Retry Count
Verify Correction Span (bits)
Verify Recovery Time Limit (ms)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [07h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
Cache Control
Initiator control (IC)
Abort Pre-fetch (ABPF)
Caching analysis permitted (CAP)
Discontinuity (DISC)
Size enable (Size)
Write cache enable (WCE)
Multiplication factor (MF)
Read cache disable (RCD)
Demand read retention priority
Demand Write Retention Priority
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
Minimum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
Force sequential write (FSW)
LB cache segment size (LBCSS)
Disable read-ahead (DRA)
Vendor-specific bits (VSS)
Number of cache segments
Cache segment size
Non cache segment size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [08h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
65535, 65535, 65535
0, 0, 0
65535, 65535, 65535
65535, 65535, 65535
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
14, 14, 14 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
Control Mode
TST
D_SENSE
GLTSD
RLEC
Queue algorithm modifier
QErr
DQue
TAS
RAQ
UA_INTLCK_CTRL
SWP
RAERP
UUAERP
EAERP
Autoload mode
Ready AER holdoff period
Busy timeout period
Extended self-test completion time
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Notch and Partition
Notched Drive (ND)
Logical or Physical Notch (LPN)
Max # of notches
Active Notch
Starting Boundary
Ending Boundary
Pages notched
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
11, 11, 11 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
00000000h, 00000000h, 00000000h
002CD104h, 002CD104h, 002CD104h
000000000000100Ch, 000000000000100Ch, 000000000000100Ch
XOR Control
XORDIS
Maximum XOR write size
Maximum regenerate size
Maximum rebuild read size
Rebuild delay
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [10h]
1, 1, 1
00000080h,
00000080h,
00000080h,
0, 0, 0
Power Condition
Idle
: Page [1Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
: 0, 0, 0
(Factory, Current, Saved)
00000080h, 00000080h
00000080h, 00000080h
00000080h, 00000080h
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Standby
Idle condition timer
Standby condition timer
: 0, 0, 0
: 00000000h, 00000000h, 00000000h
: 00000000h, 00000000h, 00000000h
Informational Exceptions Control
: Page [1Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
PERF
: 0, 0, 0
EBF
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
EWASC
: 0, 1, 0
DExcpt
: 0, 0, 0
TEST
: 0, 0, 0
LogErr
: 0, 0, 0
MRIE
: 0, 4, 3
Interval timer
: 00000000h, 00001770h, 00000000h
Report count
: 00000000h, 00000000h, 00000001h
Discovered SONY SDT-5200 S/N " " on /dev/st0 (tape)
Disconnect-Reconnect
: Page [02h] (Current)
Buffer full ratio
: 0 {R/O}
Buffer empty ratio
: 0 {R/O}
Bus inactivity limit
: 0 {R/O}
Disconnect time limit
: 0
Connect time limit
: 0 {R/O}
Maximum burst size
: 494
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
: 0 {R/O}
Fair arbitration
: 0 {R/O}
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
: 0 {R/O}
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC) : 0 {R/O}
First burst size
: 0 {R/O}
Data Compression
DCE
DCC
DDE
RED
Compression algorithm
Decompression algorithm
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Fh] (Current)
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
00000000h
00000000h
Tape Control
Change active partition (CAP)
Change active format (CAF)
Active format
Active partition
Write buffer full ratio
Read buffer empty ratio
Write delay time
Data buffer recovery (DBR)
Block identifiers supported (BIS)
Report setmarks (RSMK)
Automatic velocity control (AVC)
Stop on consecutive filemarks (SOCF)
Recover buffer over (RBO)
Recover error warning (REW)
Gap size
EOD Defined
Enable EOD generation (EEG)
Synchronize early warning (SEW)
Soft write protect (SWP)
Buffer size at early warning
Data compression algorithm
Associated write protect (ASOCWP)
Persistent write protect (PERSWP)
Permanent write protect (PRMWP)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [10h] (Current)
0
0
8
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
45
0 {R/O}
1 {R/O}
1
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
1 {R/O}
1 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
000000h
00h
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
Medium Partition
Maximum additional partitions
Additional partitions defined
Fixed data partitions (FDP)
Select data partitions (SDP)
Initiator-defined partitions (IDP)
Partition size unit-of-measure (PSUM)
Partition on format (POFM)
CLEAR
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [11h] (Current)
1 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
2 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
0 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
85
86
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
ADDP
Medium format recognition
Partition Units
: 0 {R/O}
: 03h
: 0 {R/O}
Terminating program.
For comparison, this is part of what a Seagate FC disk drive returned for the protocol-specific mode page 19 as
shown from
the output for version 1.35 of the software.
Protocol Specific Port
Physical interface
Disable target orig loopid (DTOLI)
Disable target init porten (DTIPE)
Allow login w/o loop init (ALWLI)
Require hard address (RHA)
Disable loop master (DLM)
Disable discovery (DDIS)
Prevent loop port bypass (PLPB)
Disable fabric discovery (DTFD)
Resource recov timeout granularity
Resource recovery timeout
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [19h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Fibre Channel
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
1, 1, 1
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1.26.1 Example Mode Page Dump - SAS Disk
The results below were run under SPARC Solaris 10 using a Seagate ST3146855SS SAS disk.
# /etc/smartmon-ux -J /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29QG4" on /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0 (SMART enabled)(140014 MB)
Read-Write Error Recovery
Automatic reallocation of write (AWRE)
Automatic reallocation of read (ARRE)
Transfer block (TB)
Read continuous (RC)
Enable early recovery (EER)
Post error (PER)
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
Disable correction (DCR)
Read Retry Count
Correction Span
Head Offset Count
Data Strobe Offset Count
Write Retry Count
Recovery Time Limit
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 1, 1
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
11, 11, 11
255, 255, 255 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
5, 5, 5
65535, 65535, 65535
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio
Buffer empty ratio
Bus inactivity limit
Disconnect time limit
Connect time limit
Maximum burst size
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
164, 164, 164
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Format Device
Tracks per zone
Alternate sectors per zone
Alternate tracks per zone
Alternate tracks per lun
Sectors per track
Bytes per sector
Interleave
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [03h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
13356, 13356, 13356 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
28, 28, 28 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
987, 987, 987 {R/O}
512, 512, 512 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Track skew factor
Cylinder skew factor
Supports soft sectoring (SSEC)
Supports hard sectoring (SHEC)
Removable Medium (RMB)
Addresses assigned by surface (SURF)
:
:
:
:
:
:
230, 230, 230 {R/O}
170, 170, 170 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Rigid Disk Device Geometry
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Starting write precomp
Starting reduced current
Drive step rate
Landing Zone Cylinder
RPL
Rotational Offset
Medium rotation Rate
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [04h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
74340, 74340, 74340 {R/O}
4, 4, 4 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
15015, 15015, 15015 {R/O}
Verify Error Recovery
EER
PER
DTE
DCR
Verify Retry Count
Verify Correction Span (bits)
Verify Recovery Time Limit (ms)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [07h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
11, 11, 11
255, 255, 255 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535
Cache Control
Initiator control (IC)
Abort Pre-fetch (ABPF)
Caching analysis permitted (CAP)
Discontinuity (DISC)
Size enable (Size)
Write cache enable (WCE)
Multiplication factor (MF)
Read cache disable (RCD)
Demand read retention priority
Demand Write Retention Priority
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
Minimum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
Force sequential write (FSW)
LB cache segment size (LBCSS)
Disable read-ahead (DRA)
Vendor-specific bits (VSS)
Number of cache segments
Cache segment size
Non cache segment size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [08h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 1, 1
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
65535, 65535, 65535
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
32, 32, 32 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Control Mode
TST
TMF_ONLY
D_SENSE
GLTSD
RLEC
Queue algorithm modifier
QErr
DQue
VS
RAQ
UA_INTLCK_CTRL
SWP
RAERP
UUAERP
EAERP
ATO
TAS
Autoload mode
Ready AER holdoff period
Busy timeout period
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
87
88
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Extended self-test completion time
: 0, 0, 0
Protocol
Physical interface
Transport layer retries
: Page [18h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
: SAS Serial SCSI
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Protocol Specific Port
Physical interface
Ready LED meaning
I_T nexus loss time (ms)
Initiator response timeout (ms)
:
:
:
:
:
Page [19h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
SAS Serial SCSI
0, 0, 0
2000, 2000, 2000
0, 0, 0
PHY identifier #0
:
(0)Attached device type
:
(0)Negotiated link rate
:
(0)SSP initiator port #
:
(0)STP initiator port #
:
(0)SMP initiator port #
:
(0)SSP target port #
:
(0)STP target port #
:
(0)SMP target port #
:
(0)SAS Address
:
(0)Attached SAS address
:
(0)Attached PHY identifier
:
(0)Prog. min link rate,8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
(0)Hardw min link rate,8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
(0)Prog. max link rate,8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
(0)Hardw max link rate 8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
00h, 00h, 00h
2, 2, 2 {R/O}
9, 9, 9 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
5000C5000694BFFDh, 5000C5000694BFFDh, 5000C5000694BFFDh
500A0B82E0894000h, 500A0B82E0894000h, 500A0B82E0894000h
0Bh, 0Bh, 0Bh
8, 8, 8 {R/O}
8, 8, 8 {R/O}
9, 9, 9 {R/O}
9, 9, 9 {R/O}
PHY identifier #1
:
(1)Attached device type
:
(1)Negotiated link rate
:
(1)SSP initiator port #
:
(1)STP initiator port #
:
(1)SMP initiator port #
:
(1)SSP target port #
:
(1)STP target port #
:
(1)SMP target port #
:
(1)SAS Address
:
(1)Attached SAS address
:
(1)Attached PHY identifier
:
(1)Prog. min link rate,8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
(1)Hardw min link rate,8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
(1)Prog. max link rate,8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
(1)Hardw max link rate 8=1.5Gbps,9=3Gbps:
01h, 01h, 01h
2, 2, 2 {R/O}
9, 9, 9 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
5000C5000694BFFEh, 5000C5000694BFFEh, 5000C5000694BFFEh
500A0B82E0850000h, 500A0B82E0850000h, 500A0B82E0850000h
0Bh, 0Bh, 0Bh
8, 8, 8 {R/O}
8, 8, 8 {R/O}
9, 9, 9 {R/O}
9, 9, 9 {R/O}
Power Condition
Idle
Standby
Idle condition timer
Standby condition timer
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
00000005h, 00000005h, 00000005h
00000004h, 00000004h, 00000004h
Informational Exceptions Control
PERF
EBF
EWASC
DExcpt
TEST
EBACKERR
LogErr
MRIE
Interval timer
Report count
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
4, 6, 6
00000000h, 00001770h, 00001770h
00000001h, 00000000h, 00000000h
Background scanning configuration
Bkgrnd suspend on log full (S_L_FULL)
Bkgrnd log only intervention (LOWIR)
Bkgrnd enable medium scan (EN_BMS)
Bkgrnd enable pre-scan (EN_PS)
Bkgrnd medium scan interval (hrs)
: Page [1Ch,1] (Factory, Current, Saved)
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
: 1, 1, 1 {R/O}
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
: 168, 24, 24
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Bkgrnd pre-scan time limit (hrs)
Bkgrnd min idle time before scan (ms)
Bkgrnd max time to suspend scan (ms)
89
: 24, 24, 24
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Program Ended.
1.26.2 Example Mode Page Dump - FC Disk
The results below were run under SPARC Solaris 10 using a Seagate ST336704FC Fibre Channel disk.
# /etc/smartmon-ux -J /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST336704FC S/N "3CD0W3AV" on /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0s0 [SES] (SMART enabled)(35003 MB)
Read-Write Error Recovery
Automatic reallocation of write (AWRE)
Automatic reallocation of read (ARRE)
Transfer block (TB)
Read continuous (RC)
Enable early recovery (EER)
Post error (PER)
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
Disable correction (DCR)
Read Retry Count
Correction Span
Head Offset Count
Data Strobe Offset Count
Write Retry Count
Recovery Time Limit
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 1, 1
1, 1, 1
0, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
11, 11, 11
240, 240, 240 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
5, 5, 5
65535, 65535, 65535
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio
Buffer empty ratio
Bus inactivity limit
Disconnect time limit
Connect time limit
Maximum burst size
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
128, 128, 128
128, 128, 128
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
460, 256, 256
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Format Device
Tracks per zone
Alternate sectors per zone
Alternate tracks per zone
Alternate tracks per lun
Sectors per track
Bytes per sector
Interleave
Track skew factor
Cylinder skew factor
Supports soft sectoring (SSEC)
Supports hard sectoring (SHEC)
Removable Medium (RMB)
Addresses assigned by surface (SURF)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [03h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
905, 905, 905 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
6, 6, 6 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
424, 424, 424 {R/O}
512, 512, 512 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
85, 85, 85 {R/O}
90, 90, 90 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Rigid Disk Device Geometry
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Starting write precomp
Starting reduced current
Drive step rate
Landing Zone Cylinder
RPL
Rotational Offset
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [04h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
14100, 14100, 14100 {R/O}
12, 12, 12 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
90
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Medium rotation Rate
: 10016, 10016, 10016 {R/O}
Verify Error Recovery
EER
PER
DTE
DCR
Verify Retry Count
Verify Correction Span (bits)
Verify Recovery Time Limit (ms)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [07h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
11, 11, 11
240, 240, 240 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535
Cache Control
Initiator control (IC)
Abort Pre-fetch (ABPF)
Caching analysis permitted (CAP)
Discontinuity (DISC)
Size enable (Size)
Write cache enable (WCE)
Multiplication factor (MF)
Read cache disable (RCD)
Demand read retention priority
Demand Write Retention Priority
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
Minimum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
Force sequential write (FSW)
LB cache segment size (LBCSS)
Disable read-ahead (DRA)
Vendor-specific bits (VSS)
Number of cache segments
Cache segment size
Non cache segment size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [08h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
1, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
65535, 0, 0
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
1, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
16, 24, 24
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Control Mode
TST
TMF_ONLY
D_SENSE
GLTSD
RLEC
Queue algorithm modifier
QErr
DQue
VS
RAQ
UA_INTLCK_CTRL
SWP
RAERP
UUAERP
EAERP
ATO
TAS
Autoload mode
Ready AER holdoff period
Busy timeout period
Extended self-test completion time
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1350, 1350, 1350 {R/O}
Protocol Specific Port
Physical interface
Disable target orig loopid (DTOLI)
Disable target init porten (DTIPE)
Allow login w/o loop init (ALWLI)
Require hard address (RHA)
Disable loop master (DLM)
Disable discovery (DDIS)
Prevent loop port bypass (PLPB)
Disable fabric discovery (DTFD)
Resource recov timeout granularity
Resource recovery timeout
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [19h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Fibre Channel
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Power Condition
: Page [1Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Idle
Standby
Idle condition timer
Standby condition timer
Informational Exceptions Control
PERF
EBF
EWASC
DExcpt
TEST
EBACKERR
LogErr
MRIE
Interval timer
Report count
:
:
:
:
1, 0, 0
1, 0, 0
00000001h, 00000001h, 00000001h
00000004h, 00000004h, 00000004h
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 6, 6
00000000h, 00001770h, 00001770h
00000001h, 00000000h, 00000000h
91
Program Ended.
This disk does not support any of the background media scanning functions
page 1C, where the parameters are specified per the ANSI specification.
216
as they are not listed under mode
1.26.3 Example Mode Page Dump - SCSI Disk
The results below were run under Windows XP using a HP 36 GB SCSI Disk.
C>\scratch>smartmon-ux -J \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 10-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered HP 36.4G MAU3036NC S/N "KY010344" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1 (Not Enabling SMART) [Bus/Port/ID.
LUN=0/2/9.0](34732 MB)
Read-Write Error Recovery
Automatic reallocation of write (AWRE)
Automatic reallocation of read (ARRE)
Transfer block (TB)
Read continuous (RC)
Enable early recovery (EER)
Post error (PER)
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
Disable correction (DCR)
Read Retry Count
Correction Span
Head Offset Count
Data Strobe Offset Count
Write Retry Count
Recovery Time Limit
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 1, 1
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
63, 63, 63
255, 255, 255 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
63, 63, 63
30000, 30000, 30000
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio
Buffer empty ratio
Bus inactivity limit
Disconnect time limit
Connect time limit
Maximum burst size
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
7, 7, 7
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Format Device
Tracks per zone
Alternate sectors per zone
Alternate tracks per zone
Alternate tracks per lun
Sectors per track
Bytes per sector
Interleave
Track skew factor
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [03h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
54, 54, 54 {R/O}
200, 200, 200
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
36, 36, 36 {R/O}
863, 863, 863 {R/O}
512, 512, 512
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
216, 216, 216 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
92
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Cylinder skew factor
Supports soft sectoring (SSEC)
Supports hard sectoring (SHEC)
Removable Medium (RMB)
Addresses assigned by surface (SURF)
:
:
:
:
:
111, 111, 111 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Rigid Disk Device Geometry
Number of cylinders
Number of heads
Starting write precomp
Starting reduced current
Drive step rate
Landing Zone Cylinder
RPL
Rotational Offset
Medium rotation Rate
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [04h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
49158, 49158, 49158 {R/O}
2, 2, 2 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
15000, 15000, 15000 {R/O}
Verify Error Recovery
EER
PER
DTE
DCR
Verify Retry Count
Verify Correction Span (bits)
Verify Recovery Time Limit (ms)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [07h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
63, 63, 63
255, 255, 255 {R/O}
30000, 30000, 30000 {R/O}
Cache Control
Initiator control (IC)
Abort Pre-fetch (ABPF)
Caching analysis permitted (CAP)
Discontinuity (DISC)
Size enable (Size)
Write cache enable (WCE)
Multiplication factor (MF)
Read cache disable (RCD)
Demand read retention priority
Demand Write Retention Priority
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
Minimum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
Force sequential write (FSW)
LB cache segment size (LBCSS)
Disable read-ahead (DRA)
Vendor-specific bits (VSS)
Number of cache segments
Cache segment size
Non cache segment size
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [08h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
8, 8, 8 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Peripheral Device Parameters
Interface identifier
Reselection retry count
Force FAST-20
Force FAST-10
Force 8-BIT
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [09h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
4, 4, 4 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Control Mode
TST
TMF_ONLY
D_SENSE
GLTSD
RLEC
Queue algorithm modifier
QErr
DQue
VS
RAQ
UA_INTLCK_CTRL
SWP
RAERP
UUAERP
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
EAERP
ATO
TAS
Autoload mode
Ready AER holdoff period
Busy timeout period
Extended self-test completion time
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
984, 984, 984 {R/O}
Notch and Partition
Notched Drive (ND)
Logical or Physical Notch (LPN)
Max # of notches
Active Notch
Starting Boundary
Ending Boundary
Pages notched
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
18, 18, 18 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
00000000h, 00000000h, 00000000h
00C00501h, 00C00501h, 00C00501h
0000000000000008h, 0000000000000008h, 0000000000000008h
Protocol Specific Port
Physical interface
Driver strength
Driver asymmetry
Driver precompensation
Driver slew rate
DB(0) Value
DB(1) Value
DB(2) Value
DB(3) Value
DB(4) Value
DB(5) Value
DB(6) Value
DB(7) Value
DB(8) Value
DB(9) Value
DB(10) Value
DB(11) Value
DB(12) Value
DB(13) Value
DB(14) Value
P_CRCA
P1
BSY
SEL
RST
REQ
ACK
ATN
C/D
I/O
MSG
Transfer period factor
REQ/ACK offset timing
Transfer width exponent
Protocol options bits
Driver asymmetry
Sent PCOMP enabled
Received PCOMP enabled
Min xfr period factor
Max REQ/ACK offset
Max transfer width exponent
Protocol options bits supported
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [19h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Parallel SCSI
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
09h, 09h, 09h
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
08h, 08h, 08h
Power Condition
Idle
Standby
Idle condition timer
Standby condition timer
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
FFFFFFFFh, FFFFFFFFh, FFFFFFFFh
FFFFFFFFh, FFFFFFFFh, FFFFFFFFh
Informational Exceptions Control
PERF
EBF
EWASC
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
1, 1, 1
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
93
94
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
DExcpt
TEST
EBACKERR
LogErr
MRIE
Interval timer
Report count
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
2, 2, 2 {R/O}
00000BB8h, 00000BB8h, 00000BB8h
00000002h, 00000002h, 00000002h
Program Ended.
1.26.4 Example Mode Page Dump - SCSI Tape
The results below were run under Windows XP using a Tandberg SLR7 Tape
C>\scratch>smartmon-ux -J \\.\TAPE0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered TANDBERG SLR7 S/N "SN007005396" on \\.\TAPE0 (tape) [Bus/Port/ID.LUN=0/3/12.0]
Read-Write Error Recovery
: Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
Transfer block (TB)
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Enable early recovery (EER)
: 1, 1, 1 {R/O}
Post error (PER)
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
: 0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Disable correction (DCR)
: 0, 0, 0
Read retry count (RRC)
: 24, 24, 24
Write Retry Count (WRC)
: 16, 16, 16
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio (BFR)
Buffer empty ratio (BER)
Bus inactivity limit (BIL)
Disconnect time limit (DTL)
Connect time limit (CTL)
Maximum burst size (MBS)
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration (FA)
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size (FBS)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
16, 16, 16
16, 16, 16
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Control Mode
Task set type (TST)
Task mgmt only (TMF_ONLY)
Descriptor format (D_SENSE)
Global logging disable (GLTSD)
Report log excp. (RLEC)
Queue alg. modifier (QAM)
Queue error mgmt (QERR)
(DQUE)
(VS)
Report check (RAQ)
Unit attn interlocks (UA_INTLCK)
Software write prot (SWP)
(RAERP)
(UUAERP)
(EAERP)
App tag owner (ATO)
Task aborted status (TAS)
Autoload mode (AUTOL)
Ready AER holdoff period (RAER)
Busy timeout period (BTP)
Extended self-test time (ESTCT)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Ah] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
65535, 65535, 65535 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Data Compression
DCE
DCC
DDE
RED
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Fh] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 0, 1
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Compression algorithm
Decompression algorithm
95
: 00000003h, 00000003h, 00000003h
: 00000000h, 00000003h, 00000000h
Tape Control
Change active partition (CAP)
Change active format (CAF)
Active format
Active partition
Write buffer full ratio
Read buffer empty ratio
Write delay time (in 100ms)
Data buffer recovery (DBR)
Block identifiers supported (BIS)
Report setmarks (RSMK)
Automatic velocity control (AVC)
Stop on consecutive filemarks (SOCF)
Recover buffer over (RBO)
Recover error warning (REW)
Gap size
EOD Defined
Enable EOD generation (EEG)
Synchronize early warning (SEW)
Soft write protect (SWP)
Buffer size at early warning
Data compression algorithm
Associated write protect (ASOCWP)
Persistent write protect (PERSWP)
Permanent write protect (PRMWP)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [10h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 1, 1
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
000000h, 000000h, 000000h
00h, 00h, 00h
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Medium Partition
Maximum additional partitions
Additional partitions defined
Fixed data partitions (FDP)
Select data partitions (SDP)
Initiator-defined partitions (IDP)
Partition size unit-of-measure (PSUM)
Partition on format (POFM)
CLEAR
ADDP
Medium format recognition
Partition Units
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [11h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
35, 2, 35
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
2, 2, 2
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
01h, 01h, 01h
0, 0, 0
Informational Exceptions Control
PERF
EBF
EWASC
DExcpt
TEST
EBACKERR
LogErr
MRIE
Interval timer
Report count
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [1Ch] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
00000000h, 00000000h, 00000000h
00000000h, 00000000h, 00000000h
Program Ended.
1.27
Batch Mode Page Import/Export
This feature will save all of the mode pages for a selected device into a file which you can export to one or more
devices with a single command.
Reading Mode Pages and Saving to File
Syntax:smartmon-ux -mpexport FILENAME device
Example:
smartmon-ux -mpexport SEAGATEMASTER.TXT /dev/rdsk/c0d0s0
The above will read all mode pages from the selected disk and save it to a file. Note that this is one of the few
commands that will not allow you to enter a list of devices. If you attempt to enter a wild-card for the device that would
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
96
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
match more than one, the program will still create the exported file, but the program will abort once the wildcard
matches the second device.
Below is the output from a Seagate ST39175LC disk drive.
#
# *** WARNING *** Do NOT change any lines starting with a ";"
; File generated with SANtools' SMARTMon-UX revision 1.28
; http://www.santools.com sales@santools.com
#
; Mode page dump generated at Tue Mar 22 23:43:56 2005
; Device is "" ""
#
# Note: You are free to add, delete, edit mode pages and values as required
#
only the mode pages in this file will be saved back into the device when
#
you issue the -mpimport command. All other pages will not be affected.
#
#
Obviously very bad things can happen to a device if you make a mistake and
#
load incorrect values, or load correct values onto the wrong peripheral.
#
#
CURRENT Pages -> These are volatile and reset to SAVED pages with power cycle (changeable)
#
FACTORY Pages -> These are factory settings burned into the firmware (not changeable)
#
SAVED Pages
-> Power-on default pages (changeable)
#
CHANGEABLE
-> The non-changeable pages are bitmasks where a 1 indicates a bit is changeable
#
#
So ... The safest thing to do is just make changes to the CURRENT page to see
#
if it behaves as you desired. If so, then burn the SAVED pages.
#
Do this by just commenting out the text with leading #
#
#
Record layout information:
#
Each record contains the 12 byte header which corresponds to the standard 4-byte header which
#
is then followed by the 8 byte block descriptor. Do NOT change any of these values.
#
Next, you have the mode page itself. The 13th byte corresponds to the first byte of the mode
#
page. You will note the high order bit is set for the mode page number. This is due to the
#
ANSI specification, and is something that is done for this byte only. So, if you want mode
#
page number 3, you will see this reported as 83h.
#
#
#
The 14th byte corresponds to second mode page byte, which is always the page length.
#
#
Example: You want to enable the write cache for a disk. The ANSI spec states this is bit #2, byte #2
#
on mode page 8. (So the 88 corresponds to Mode page byte #0)
#
Sample Original Value (Write cache disabled):
#
; ModePage 08 SAVED:
#
000000 1F 00 10 08 04 45 DC CC 00 00 02 00 88 12 10 00
#
000010 FF FF 00 00 FF FF FF FF 00 20 00 00 00 00 00 00
#
#
Change to:
#
; ModePage 08 SAVED:
#
000000 1F 00 10 08 04 45 DC CC 00 00 02 00 88 12 14 00
#
000010 FF FF 00 00 FF FF FF FF 00 20 00 00 00 00 00 00
#
; ModePage 00 CURRENT
000000 0F 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 80 02 07 00
; ModePage 00 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 0F 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 80 02 77 40
; ModePage 00 FACTORY [read only]:
000000 0F 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 80 02 00 00
; ModePage 00 SAVED:
000000 0F 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 80 02 07 00
; ModePage 00 END
; ModePage 01 CURRENT
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 81 0A C4 0B
000010 E8 00 00 00 0F 00 FF FF
; ModePage 01 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 81 0A FF FF
000010 00 00 00 00 FF 00 FF FF
; ModePage 01 FACTORY [read only]:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 81 0A C0 0B
000010 E8 00 00 00 0F 00 FF FF
; ModePage 01 SAVED:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 E8 00 00 00 0F 00 FF FF
; ModePage 01 END
; ModePage 02 CURRENT
000000 1B 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
; ModePage 02 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 1B 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 87 00 00
; ModePage 02 FACTORY [read only]:
000000 1B 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
; ModePage 02 SAVED:
000000 1B 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
; ModePage 02 END
; ModePage 03 CURRENT
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 10 00 00 01 30 02 00 00
000020 40 00 00 00
; ModePage 03 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
000020 00 00 00 00
; ModePage 03 FACTORY [read only]:
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 10 00 00 01 30 02 00 00
000020 40 00 00 00
; ModePage 03 SAVED:
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 10 00 00 01 30 02 00 00
000020 40 00 00 00
; ModePage 03 END
; ModePage 04 CURRENT
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 C9 05 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
000020 1C 27 00 00
; ModePage 04 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
000020 00 00 00 00
; ModePage 04 FACTORY [read only]:
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 C9 05 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
000020 1C 27 00 00
; ModePage 04 SAVED:
000000 23 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 C9 05 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
000020 1C 27 00 00
; ModePage 04 END
; ModePage 07 CURRENT
00 81 0A C4 0B
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 E8 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF
; ModePage 07 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF
; ModePage 07 FACTORY [read only]:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 E8 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF
; ModePage 07 SAVED:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 E8 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF
; ModePage 07 END
; ModePage 08 CURRENT
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 FF FF 00 00 FF FF FF FF
; ModePage 08 CHANGEABLE [read only]:
00 87 0A 00 0B
00 82 0E 80 80
00
00 82 0E FF FF
00
00 82 0E 80 80
00
00 82 0E 80 80
00
00 83 16 0A BE
01 00 30 00 34
00 83 16 00 00
00 00 00 00 00
00 83 16 0A BE
01 00 30 00 34
00 83 16 0A BE
01 00 30 00 34
00 84 16 00 2D
00 00 00 00 00
00 84 16 00 00
00 00 00 00 00
00 84 16 00 2D
00 00 00 00 00
00 84 16 00 2D
00 00 00 00 00
00 87 0A 0F FF
00 87 0A 00 0B
00 87 0A 00 0B
00 88 0A 10 00
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
97
98
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
#
; ModePage 1A SAVED:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 04
; ModePage 1A END
; ModePage 1C CURRENT
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 17 70 00 00 00 00
; ModePage 1C CHANGEABLE [read only]:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
; ModePage 1C FACTORY [read only]:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01
; ModePage 1C SAVED:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02
000010 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 01
; ModePage 1C END
#
# End-of-file
00 9A 0A 00 03
00 9C 0A 00 04
00 9C 0A 8D 0F
00 9C 0A 00 00
00 9C 0A 08 00
Writing (Exporting) Mode Pages and Saving to File
Syntax:
smartmon-ux-mpimport-ux FILENDevice_list 22 AME
Example:
smartmon-ux -mpimport SEAGATEMASTER.TXT /dev/rdsk/c0d0s0
The above will read and save all information from the file and save it to the device. You can also clone mode pages to
more than one device at a time by entering multiple devices or using wild cards.
(Such as smartmon-ux -mpexport SEAGATEMASTER.TXT /dev/rdsk/c0d1s0 /dev/rdsk/c0d2s0)
Application Notes & Comments
The file used with these commands is in ASCII format so you can modify it with a standard text editor.
To leave individual byte settings unchanged, replace those bytes with the XX characters, as in:
000000 17 00 10 08 01 0F 33 D4 00 00 02 00 9C XX 00 XX
If you wanted to leave a particular mode page unchanged, delete it from the file. If you wanted to leave the SAVED
settings alone for the drive above, delete the three lines marked in blue from the file, then run the -mpexport
command as before.
The FACTORY and CHANGEABLE pages are not programmable. We chose to copy them into the file because it is
convenient for the user to know this information. The program does not view or interpret this information in any way.
Other features of mpexport:
· All lines beginning with the # character are ignored. Feel free to append the file with additional comments.
· Currently, the program ignores the ";" lines that report the timestamp and the make/model of device. This may
change in the future, so do not modify them.
· Do not modify any lines that begin with the ";"
· 10-byte mode pages are not supported in the initial release. If your device uses the 10-byte version of MODE
SENSE or MODE SELECT, those pages will be skipped.
Warning:
Changing mode pages can be dangerous if you do not know what you are doing. We advise you to always take the
conservative approach and just change the CURRENT page to make sure the settings have the desired affect (use
the # character to comment out the SAVED pages in the file).
If things do not go well, you can just recycle power and the device. The CURRENT page will revert to the SAVED
page.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
1.28
99
Partition Identification
The -Q option is available on Windows, LINUX, OS X, IRIX, and Solaris platforms. This flag will instruct the software
to dump and identify the primary partition table. This function is not infallible as there are several Windows-family
volume managers that extend the partition information and allow you to add nearly unlimited permutations. Our
software does not attempt to decode everything. It can, however, decode an extensive list of partition types which
includes some obsolete operating systems.
All operating systems
Reports 4 primary partitions and returns one of the following strings:
· Primary DOS 12-bit FAT
· xenix / file system
· xenix /usr file system
· Primary DOS 16-bit FAT
· Extended DOS
· Primary big DOS >32Mb
· OS/2 HPFS, NTFS, QNX or Advanced Unix
· AIX boot partition
· AIX file system partition or Coherent
· OS/2 Boot Manager or Coherent
· DOS or Windows 95 with 32-bit FAT
· DOS or Windows 95 with 32-bit FAT, LBA
· Primary big DOS >32Mb LBA
· Extended DOS, LBA
· OPUS
· DOS 12-bit FAT Hidden Partition
· Compaq Configuration Partition
· DOS 16-bit FAT <32Mb Hidden
· DOS 16-bit FAT >=32Mb Hidden
· OS/2 HPFS Hidden
· AST Windows swapfile
· Willowtech Photon coS
· WIN95 OSR2 32-bit FAT Hidden
· WIN95 OSR2 32-bit FAT, LBA, Hidden
· FAT95 Hidden
· Willowsoft Overture Filesystem
· FSo2 Oxygen Filesystem
· Extended Oxygen Filesystem
· NEC DOS 3.x
· THEOS ver 3.2 2Gb Partition
· THEOS ver 4 Spanned Partition
· THEOS ver 4 4Gb Partition
· THEOS ver 4 Extended Partition
· PartitionMagic Recovery Partition
· VENIX 286
· PPC PReP Boot
· SFS (Secure File System)
· QNX 4.x
· QNX 4.x 2nd part
· QNX 4.x 3rd part
· OnTrack DM
· OnTrack DM6 Aux (51)
· CP/M or Microport SysV/AT
· OnTrack DM6 Aux (53)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
100
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
OnTrack DM6
EZ-Drive"); break;
GoldenBow VFeature
Priam EDisk
Speedstor
ISC Unix, System V/386, GNU HURD or Mach
Novell Netware 2.xx
Novell Netware 3.xx
DiskSecure Multi-Boot
IBM PCIX
Minix 1.1 -> 1.4a
Minix 1.4b -> 1.5.10
Linux Swap
Linux Filesystem
OS/2 type 04 hidden DOS C:
Linux extended
NTFS volume set (type 86)
NTFS volume set (type 87)
Linux LVM
Amoeba Filesystem
Amoeba Bad Block Table
BSD/OS
IBM Thinkpad
FreeBSD/NetBSD/386BSD
OpenBSD
NeXTSTEP
ESDI BSD/386 Filesystem
BSDI BSD/386 swap
Boot Wizard
DR-DOS 6.0 secured 12-bit FAT partition
DR-DOS 6.0 secured 16-bit FAT partition
DR-DOS 6.0 secured Huge partition
Syrinx
Non FS data
Concurrent CPM, C.DOS, CTOS
Dell Utility
BootIt
DOS Access
DOS R/O
BeOS
EFI GPT
EFI FAT
DOS 3.3+ Secondary
SpeedStor
Linux RAID Auto
LANstep
Xenix Bad Block Table
Unknown-Type=XXh (This is the catch-all for other types we can't decode)
In addition to the partition type, the software will append [BOOTABLE] if this is the bootable primary partition. All
partitions will also report the total block count and MB in the partition.
Apple OS X Specific
Identifies if partition(s) are Allocated, In-Use, Bootable, Readable, Writable
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
101
Sample Output (Windows)
D:\msdevstd\projects\smartmonux125\Debug>smartmon-ux -Q
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28A, Build 28-MAY-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HITACHI_DK23EA-60 S/N "JP7348" on \\.\PhysicalDrive0 (SMART Enabled)
Partition table dump below:
0000: 33 C0 8E D0 BC 00 7C FB 50 07 50 1F FC BE 1B 7C
3.....|.P.P....|
0010: BF 1B 06 50 57 B9 E5 01 F3 A4 CB BD BE 07 B1 04
...PW...........
0020: 38 6E 00 7C 09 75 13 83 C5 10 E2 F4 CD 18 8B F5
8n.|.u..........
0030: 83 C6 10 49 74 19 38 2C 74 F6 A0 B5 07 B4 07 8B
...It.8,t.......
0040: F0 AC 3C 00 74 FC BB 07 00 B4 0E CD 10 EB F2 88
..<.t...........
0050: 4E 10 E8 46 00 73 2A FE 46 10 80 7E 04 0B 74 0B
N..F.s*.F..~..t.
0060: 80 7E 04 0C 74 05 A0 B6 07 75 D2 80 46 02 06 83
.~..t....u..F...
0070: 46 08 06 83 56 0A 00 E8 21 00 73 05 A0 B6 07 EB
F...V...!.s.....
0080: BC 81 3E FE 7D 55 AA 74 0B 80 7E 10 00 74 C8 A0
..>.}U.t..~..t..
0090: B7 07 EB A9 8B FC 1E 57 8B F5 CB BF 05 00 8A 56
.......W.......V
00a0: 00 B4 08 CD 13 72 23 8A C1 24 3F 98 8A DE 8A FC
.....r#..$?.....
00b0: 43 F7 E3 8B D1 86 D6 B1 06 D2 EE 42 F7 E2 39 56
C..........B..9V
00c0: 0A 77 23 72 05 39 46 08 73 1C B8 01 02 BB 00 7C
.w#r.9F.s......|
00d0: 8B 4E 02 8B 56 00 CD 13 73 51 4F 74 4E 32 E4 8A
.N..V...sQOtN2..
00e0: 56 00 CD 13 EB E4 8A 56 00 60 BB AA 55 B4 41 CD
V......V.`..U.A.
00f0: 13 72 36 81 FB 55 AA 75 30 F6 C1 01 74 2B 61 60
.r6..U.u0...t+a`
0100: 6A 00 6A 00 FF 76 0A FF 76 08 6A 00 68 00 7C 6A
j.j..v..v.j.h.|j
0110: 01 6A 10 B4 42 8B F4 CD 13 61 61 73 0E 4F 74 0B
.j..B....aas.Ot.
0120: 32 E4 8A 56 00 CD 13 EB D6 61 F9 C3 49 6E 76 61
2..V.....a..Inva
0130: 6C 69 64 20 70 61 72 74 69 74 69 6F 6E 20 74 61
lid partition ta
0140: 62 6C 65 00 45 72 72 6F 72 20 6C 6F 61 64 69 6E
ble.Error loadin
0150: 67 20 6F 70 65 72 61 74 69 6E 67 20 73 79 73 74
g operating syst
0160: 65 6D 00 4D 69 73 73 69 6E 67 20 6F 70 65 72 61
em.Missing opera
0170: 74 69 6E 67 20 73 79 73 74 65 6D 00 00 00 00 00
ting system.....
0180: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
0190: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01a0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
................
01b0: 00 00 00 00 00 2C 44 63 3C E5 3C E5 00 00 80 01
.....,Dc<.<.....
01c0: 01 00 07 FE FF FF 3F 00 00 00 EC ED E1 04 00 FE
......?.........
01d0: FF FF 0C FE FF FF 2B EE E1 04 7E 04 7D 00 00 00
......+...~.}...
01e0: C1 FF 0F FE FF FF BE 4E EC 06 C2 2D 10 00 00 00
.......N...-....
01f0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 55 AA
..............U.
Partition #0: Type=OS/2 HPFS, NTFS, QNX or Advanced Unix [BOOTABLE], Starting block=63, Total
blocks=81915372, MB=39997
Partition #1: Type=DOS or Windows 95 with 32-bit FAT, LBA, Starting block=81915435, Total blocks=8193150,
MB=4000
Partition #2: Type=Extended DOS, LBA, Starting block=116149950, Total blocks=1060290, MB=517
Partition #3: Type=Unknown
Discovered HL-DT-ST DVD-ROM GDR8081N S/N " " on \\.\CDROM0 (CD/DVD) [Bus/Port/ID.LUN=0/1/0.0]
Program Ended.
Sample Output (IRIX)
# /etc/smartmon-ux -Q /hw/sc0d1l0
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.31C, Build 18-JAN-2007] - Copyright 2001-2006 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST39175LC S/N "3AL07K7P" on /hw/scsi/sc0d1l0 (SMART enabled)(8678 MB)
Partition
0000: 0B
0010: 00
0020: 00
0030: 00
0040: 00
0050: 00
0060: 00
0070: 00
0080: 00
0090: 00
00a0: 00
00b0: 00
00c0: 00
00d0: 00
table
E5 A9
00 00
05 02
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 02
00 04
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 00
dump below:
41 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
00 00 00 00
00 01 0F 33
02 00 00 02
6D 00 04 EE
E4 00 04 EE
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00
01
00
30
00
D4
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
2F
00
02
00
73
69
73
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
75
00
00
00
67
64
61
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
6E
00
00
00
69
65
73
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
69
00
00
00
6C
00
68
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
78
2D
00
00
61
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
AD
00
00
62
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
65
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
40
00
6C
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
...A..../unix...
............-...
.......0.......@
................
......3.sgilabel
........ide.....
...m....sash....
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
102
00e0:
00f0:
0100:
0110:
0120:
0130:
0140:
0150:
0160:
0170:
0180:
0190:
01a0:
01b0:
01c0:
01d0:
01e0:
01f0:
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
00
00
FF
00
FF
FF
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
01
00
00
00
00
00
00
FF
00
FF
FF
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
0F
00
00
00
00
00
00
FF
00
FF
FF
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
33
00
00
00
00
00
00
FF
00
FF
FF
0A
00
00
00
00
00
00
D4
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
04
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
01
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
67
00
61
00
61
64
0B
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
73
00
73
65
23
10
00
00
00
00
10
00
00
00
00
00
50
00
68
00
68
00
D4
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
06
00
00
00
F6
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
04
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
10
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
................
.........ash....
................
.........ash....
.........de.....
..........#.....
................
................
................
................
................
................
................
..3.............
................
................
................
........g.P.....
Decoded Partition Header Information---------------------------------------------------Num Name
Start
nBlocks Type
Description
0 root
266240
17507284 SGI XFS
Root partition, used for root filesystem
1 swap
4096
262144 Raw data
Virtual memory space
8 volhdr
0
4096 Volume header
Volume header
10 volume
0
17773524 Entire volume
The entire disk including volume header
Decoded Volume Header Information ------------------Num Label
StartBlock Size(Bytes)
Size(KB)
0 sgilabel
2
512
0
1 ide
621
323072
315
2 sash
1252
323072
315
3 0
0
0
4 0
0
0
5 0
0
0
6 0
0
0
7 0
0
0
8 0
0
0
9 0
0
0
10 0
0
0
11 4294967295
0
0
12 0
0
0
13 4294967295
0
0
14 4294967295
0
0
1.29
Ping Command
You may add the -ping command to modify reporting behavior when devices are polled. This option is added to
polling operations to report if a device has been removed or no longer reporting. You would generally use this
function if you have an environment where you might not necessarily care about the health of a device, but you do
want to know if the device has been removed.
This was added as an enhancement for some national security-related organization that needed 24x7 monitoring to
make sure that no peripherals were removed. The default operation of the software is to just ignore a device if it is no
longer reporting.
This is what will be logged with a 10-second polling and a ping. The disk at /dev/sdf is an external ATA disk drive
attached via a USB port. The command that was issued was:
./smartmon-ux -ping -L /dev/sdf -F 10 /dev/sdf
Wed
Wed
Wed
Wed
Wed
Wed
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
23
23
23
23
23
23
19:45:45
19:45:45
19:46:05
19:46:15
19:46:45
19:46:55
2005:
2005:
2005:
2005:
2005:
2005:
./smartmon-ux started
Discovered WDC WD25 00JB-75FUA0 S/N " " on /dev/sdf (SMART unsupported)(238418 MB)
/dev/sdf polled at Wed Mar 23 07:46:05 2005 Status:Online [WDC WD25 00JB-75FUA0]
/dev/sdf polled at Wed Mar 23 07:46:15 2005 Status:Offline [S/N= ]
/dev/sdf polled at Wed Mar 23 07:46:45 2005 Status:Online [S/N= ]
/dev/sdf polled at Wed Mar 23 07:46:55 2005 Status:Online [WDC WD25 00JB-75FUA0]
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
103
Wed Mar 23 19:47:05 2005: /dev/sdf polled at Wed Mar 23 07:47:05 2005 Status:Online [WDC WD25 00JB-75FUA0]
Wed Mar 23 19:47:15 2005: /dev/sdf polled at Wed Mar 23 07:47:15 2005 Status:Online [WDC WD25 00JB-75FUA0]
While the device was unplugged, the status was reported as Offline, and when it was plugged in again, it reported
online. The reason why the clock reported more than 10 seconds was to allow the operating system and device
drivers a longer timeout window to make sure the device was not responding vs. busy.
Note also that the make and model strings in the WD disk drive are not 100% correct, and no serial number is
reported. This is because the USB dongle card that is built into the external USB enclosure has some minor bugs
with their emulation. Below is sample output for what would be reported if you unplugged a Seagate SCSI disk drive.
This also shows the difference in output if you do not use the -ping command.
Here is an example where we polled 2 Seagate disk drives with the command. (No -ping was used).
./smartmon-ux -L - F 10 /dev/sd[b-c]
Fri Mar 25 23:18:38 2005: Discovered SEAGATE
Fri Mar 25 23:18:38 2005: Discovered SEAGATE
Fri Mar 25 23:18:38 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:18:38 2005: /dev/sdc polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:18:48 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:18:48 2005: /dev/sdc polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:18:58 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:18:58 2005: /dev/sdc polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:19:08 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
ST336706LC
ST373307LC
Fri Mar 25
Fri Mar 25
Fri Mar 25
Fri Mar 25
Fri Mar 25
Fri Mar 25
Fri Mar 25
S/N "3FD010LG" on /dev/sdb (SMART enabled)(35003 MB)
S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sdc (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
23:18:38 2005 Status:Passed
23:18:38 2005 Status:Passed
23:18:48 2005 Status:Passed
23:18:48 2005 Status:Passed
23:18:58 2005 Status:Passed
23:18:58 2005 Status:Passed
23:19:08 2005 Status:Passed
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
23:19:08
23:19:19
23:19:19
23:19:29
23:19:29
23:19:40
(We unplugged the disk at /dev/sdc).
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
25
25
25
25
25
25
23:19:09
23:19:19
23:19:19
23:19:29
23:19:30
23:19:40
2005:
2005:
2005:
2005:
2005:
2005:
/dev/sdc
/dev/sdb
/dev/sdc
/dev/sdb
/dev/sdc
/dev/sdb
polled
polled
polled
polled
polled
polled
at
at
at
at
at
at
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
25
25
25
25
25
25
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
- Device offline (skipping)
Status:Passed
- Device offline (skipping)
Status:Passed
- Device offline (skipping)
Status:Passed
Below is with the -ping. (Note serial number is reported).
./smartmon-ux -L - F 10 -ping /dev/sd[b-c]
Fri Mar 25 23:24:51 2005: Discovered SEAGATE
MB)
Fri Mar 25 23:24:51 2005: Discovered SEAGATE
MB)
Fri Mar 25 23:24:51 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:24:51 2005: /dev/sdc polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:25:01 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:25:01 2005: /dev/sdc polled at
Fri Mar 25 23:25:11 2005: /dev/sdb polled at
ST336706LC S/N "3FD010LG" on /dev/sdb (Enabling SMART)(35003
ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sdc (Enabling SMART)(70007
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
Mar
25
25
25
25
25
23:24:51
23:24:51
23:25:01
23:25:01
23:25:11
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
Status:Online
Status:Online
Status:Online
Status:Online
Status:Online
[S/N=3FD010LG]
[S/N=3HZ0381E]
[S/N=3FD010LG]
[S/N=3HZ0381E]
[S/N=3FD010LG]
(The disk was pulled).
Fri Mar 25 23:25:12 2005: /dev/sdc polled at Fri Mar 25 23:25:11 2005 Status:Offline [S/N=3HZ0381E]
Fri Mar 25 23:25:22 2005: /dev/sdb polled at Fri Mar 25 23:25:22 2005 Status:Online [S/N=3FD010LG]
Use this command to monitor your hardware to make sure nobody removes peripherals.
1.30
Read Raw Block
This feature was added in release 1.22. It instructs the software to read the selected block(s) from a random access
device.
Syntax
-read s,n,file Reads n (512-528 byte) blocks from random access device starting at block #s and saves to
binary file.
Example:
./smartmon-ux -read 0,200,/tmp/First100KBData.bin /dev/sda
This will read the first 200 x 512 bytes and save it into the file, assuming the disk is formatted to a standard block size
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
104
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
of 512 bytes/block. If the disk was formatted to 520 bytes per block then the total number of bytes copied would be
200 x 520 or 104,000
Feature Notes:
· You will get an error message if the range is larger than the number of blocks on the disk. Remember that disk
drives start at block zero, so if your disk has 1,000,000,000 blocks, the highest block number you can read is block
number 999,999,999.
· The program, by design, does not buffer up the I/O. Only the blocks you request are read from the device.
Therefore, this is not an appropriate technique for fast data copy.
· The starting block number and number of blocks are all decimal values (not hex).
1.31
Reassign Physical Sector
This function was introduced in release 1.26.
This function is applicable to disks that use the SCSI protocol only (SCSI, Fibre Channel, SAS, and SSA). If the
selected device is SATA or ATA, then the command will be ignored.
Disk drives determine the need to reassign physical sectors based on error activity and mode page settings. Once a
physical sector requires assignment, the drive will either reassign the physical sector (block) or recommend to the
initiator that the LBA associated with the physical sector be reassigned.
You would use this function to repair unrecovered read errors. It won't be able to get any lost data back, but at least
this provides a mechanism to make the problem go away.
Syntax
smartmon-ux -rb BLOCKNUMBER device name
- or smartmon-ux -rb BLOCKNUMBERh device name
where
BLOCKNUMBER is a decimal number for the block number.
BLOCKNUMBERh is a hex number for the block number, ending with the lower-case letter h. Do not put a space
between the last hex character and the h. Make sure you enter the block number as a 4-byte or less number.
Examples
smartmon-ux -rb 12345678 /dev/sg3
smartmon-ux -rb 7f8ab0h /dev/sg3
Only one block can be reassigned at a time, but this is generally not an issue since one would typically only want to
reassign one or two blocks. The program will immediately execute and return. If the block can not be reassigned, the
disk drive should be replaced (assuming you gave it a block number that really exists on the disk drive).
Below is a table from an IBM manual that shows sense data combinations for recommended reassignment. SANtools
does not necessarily endorse this as your needs might be different, but we will say that this information is
"reasonable". You should, however, consult your storage vendor for approval. For example, Seagate generally
recommends reassignment regardless of the ASCQ value. (All numbers shown in hex).
KEY
1
1
1
3
3
ASC
16
17
18
11
16
ASCQ
04
07
05
0B
04
Description
Sync byte error - Recommend Reassignment.
Recovered data without ECC - Recommend Reassignment.
Recovered data with ECC - Recommend Reassignment.
Unrecovered read error - Recommend Reassignment.
Sync Byte Error - Recommend Reassignment.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
105
When to Reassign Blocks (SCSI family disks only)
SMARTMon-UX makes it easy for you to know when you have blocks that must be forcibly reassigned.
Just run either the self-test (-steb 108 , or -scrub 118 family) commands, and they will report if any blocks have
unrecovered errors that should be reassigned.
The advantage of using the -steb 108 test is that this is a built-in test and does not consume any host bandwidth.
The test can take 30 minutes to several hours depending on the disk drive. This is a built-in test that is initiated by
sending a single SCSI command. Once the test is invoked, SMARTMonUX returns and lets you know whether the
test was successfully launched. As the test is a background test, it can be run on any and all disk drives, even while
I/O is going on. The tests will temporarily suspend to service I/O requests from applications running on your host.
The disadvantage of the -steb 108 , and -stsb 108 tests is that they only report the first bad block found, (-stsb
might not report any bad blocks) so if you have multiple bad blocks you run the test, reassign, and repeat.
108
Our -scrub 118 family of commands makes a single pass through the disk and returns a list of all blocks that had
problems along with the sense information as shown above. This command is also safe to run on your host, but it
does consume bandwidth, and the test may also take hours. The -scrub command causes every block in the disk to
be read while recording sense information and error codes, which it reports to the operator. He/she will then be able to
see all errors and, if required, remap all of them without having to endure multiple passes.
We currently do not provide a mechanism to reassign blocks on SATA / ATA disks.
1.32
Self-Test Diagnostics - ANSI
In release 1.21, we introduced the ability for the user to initiate self-tests. SANtools-specific self-test diagnostics 118
were added in version 1.26. Both have strengths and weaknesses, and you should consider which one (or both) of
these tests would be best for you to run in your environment.
Before going further, it is important to understand that the various ANSI specifications for peripherals mandate several
types of self-tests. One is mandatory (unless your peripheral is ancient), many are optional. If you send a certain type
of self-test to a peripheral that does not support it, then the device is obligated to reject the command. Our software
will not tell you ahead of time that a particular device supports a certain self-test function. Well will however, report if it
was rejected, or accepted. The ANSI self-test specifications define foreground and background self tests, as well as
sort and long self tests that may run for a few seconds to a few hours.
Some self-tests, like a foreground test, will lock up your peripheral while it is running.. Others will affect performance
by only a few percentage points. Per the spec, self-tests can be aborted, and you can report ongoing status at any
time. Per real-life situations, we have found that some peripherals and firmware revisions do not correctly allow
self-tests to be terminated nor do all of them allow the user to request an update while they are running. The SCSI
spec. states that the standard self-test is mandatory, and the short and extended self-tests are optional. If your
particular device does not support your selected test, the program will notify you after you attempt to initiate the test.
Once smartmon-ux instructs your device to begin the test, our program continues processing other commands which
you may have given it. Your device runs the test independently of smartmon-ux and will only end if either the test
completes, terminates because an error is found, or you abort the test (via the -str command).
Self-Tests for Tapes, Autochangers, and everything but Disk Drives
SMARTMonUX will allow you to run the embedded self-tests that manufacturers include in their firmware. A great
number of our customers buy our software so they can do nothing more than test peripherals and tapes on
non-windows operating systems.
Self-Tests for Disk and Random-access Devices
If you have SCSI, SAS, or fibre channel disks, then there are no constraints (except under Apple OS X, due to lack of
pass-though support for SCSI peripherals). If, however, you have ATA or SATA disk drives, then there are limitations
under several operating systems. We provide full support for the native ATA/SATA self-tests under Windows only at
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
106
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
the time this revision of the manual was placed online. If you need to perform self-tests of ATA/SATA disks on other
operating systems, then please contact us for status on extending this function to other operating systems.
SCSI vs. non-SCSI Protocols.
If the selected device is an ATA or SATA disk drive, then the self-test command will end with the letter 'a'. For most
self-tests, the concepts are the same whether running a SATA disk drive or a SCSI tape, and the commands are
nearly the same.
If you wish to run a background self-test (-steb, for example) on your boot disk, it is best that you bring the system to
single-user mode. This is not a requirement, and we have never crashed our O/S running a bactground self-test on
the booted device. As system I/O suspends the self-tests, and self-tests temporarily suspend system I/O, the tests will
take significantly longer to complete.
What do Self-tests Do?
The next paragraphs are paraphrased from the SCSI specifications. They will help you understand what self tests are,
what they perform, and how they interact with commands sent from the operating system.
The Short and Extended Self-Tests
The short self-test will run in less than two minutes, and it can be used as a sanity check to confirm whether or not a
questionable disk is bad. A goal of the extended self-test routine is to simplify factory testing during integration by
having devices perform more comprehensive testing without application client intervention. A second goal of the
extended self-test is to provide a more comprehensive test to validate the results of a short self-test, if its results are
judged by the application client to be inconclusive.
The criteria for the short self-test are that it has one or more segments and completes in two minutes or less. The
criteria for the extended self-test are that it is has one or more segments and that the completion time is vendor
specific. Any tests performed in the segments are vendor specific.
The following are examples of segments:
·
An electrical segment wherein the logical unit tests its own electronics. The tests in this segment are vendor
specific, but some examples of tests that may be included are: a buffer RAM test, a read/write circuitry test,
and/or a test of the read/write head elements.
·
A seek/servo segment wherein a device tests it capability to find and servo on data tracks.
·
A read/verify scan segment wherein a device performs read scanning of some or all of the medium surface.
The tests performed in the segments may be the same for the short and extended self-tests. The time required by a
logical unit (i.e. SCSI or fibre channel device) to complete its extended self-test is reported via a mode page. Our
software will report the estimated time to complete the self-test after you initiate the test. Per the SCSI spec, the
extended self-test must complete in two hours or less, and the short test must complete in under two minutes. If you
do not have time for the device to finish the test, you may always abort the test. This test time is reported by the
device, and not the result of an estimate made by our software, so if the number is not accurate, chances are high
you have background I/O attempting to interact with the device while the test was running.
Foreground mode
When the user sends a command specifying a self-test to be performed in the foreground mode, the device server
shall return status for that command after the self-test has been completed. While performing a self-test in the
foreground mode, the device server shall respond to all commands except INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS, and
REQUEST SENSE with a CHECK CONDITION status, a sense key of NOT READY and an additional sense code of
LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS.
If a device server is performing a self-test in the foreground mode and a test segment error occurs during the test, the
device server shall update the Self-Test Results log page (reported by smartmon-ux -C) and report CHECK
CONDITION status with a sense key of HARDWARE ERROR and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT
FAILED SELF-TEST. The application client may obtain additional information about the failure by reading the
Self-Test Results log page. If the device server is unable to update the Self-Test Results log page, it shall return a
CHECK CONDITION status with a sense key of HARDWARE ERROR and an additional sense code of LOGICAL
UNIT UNABLE TO UPDATE SELF-TEST LOG.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
107
Note that very few disk drives support the foreground mode.
Background mode
When the self-test runs in the background mode, the device server shall return status for that command as soon as
the CDB has been validated. After returning status for the SEND DIAGNOSTICS command specifying a self-test to be
performed in the
background mode, the device server shall initialize the Self-Test Results log page. While the device server is
performing a self-test in the background mode, it shall terminate with a CHECK CONDITION status any self-test
command it receives.
When terminating the SEND DIAGNOSTICS command, the sense key shall be set to NOT READY and the additional
sense code shall be set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS. While performing a self-test in
the background mode, the device server shall suspend the self-test to service any other commands received with the
exceptions listed in table 29. Suspension of the self-test to service the command shall occur as soon as practical and
shall not take longer than two seconds.
Table 29 — Exception commands for background self-tests [From ANSI Spec]
Device Type
Command Reference
All device types
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (with SELF-TEST CODE field set to 100b)
WRITE BUFFER (with the mode set to any download
microcode option)
Direct access
· FORMAT UNIT
(i.e, disks)
· START/STOP UNIT
Sequential access
(i.e. tapes)
Medium Changer
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
ERASE
FORMAT MEDIUM
LOAD UNLOAD
LOCATE
READ
READ POSITION
READ REVERSE
REWIND
SPACE
VERIFY
WRITE
WRITE BUFFER
WRITE FILEMARKS
EXCHANGE MEDIUM
INITIALIZE ELEMENT STATUS
MOVE MEDIUM
POSITION TO ELEMENT
READ ELEMENT STATUS
WRITE BUFFER
Device types not listed in this table do not have commands that are exceptions for background self-tests, other than
those listed above for all device types.
If one of the exception commands listed in table 29 is received, the device server shall abort the self-test, update
the self-test log, and service the command as soon as practical but not longer than two seconds after the CDB has
been validated. An application client may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the background mode by
issuing a SEND DIAGNOSTICS command with the SELF-TEST CODE field set to 100b (Abort background self-test
function). This corresponds to sending the -str option with smartmon-ux.
Elements common to foreground and background self-test modes
Although devices report the results of the last twenty most recently completed self-tests, smartmon-ux reports only the
last 3 self tests via the -C option, where it reports the results in human-readable text. If you require the results of the
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
108
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
last 20 tests, you must manually decode the log page hex dump (-A option).
Self-Test Results log page is page 10 hex. Smartmon-ux reports the results and status of the tests based on
information from that page.
Table 30 - Self-Test Mode Summary (From ANSI Spec)
Mode
When status is
How to abort the test Processing of
returned
subsequent
commands while
self-test is executing
Foreground
After the self-test is
N/A - Not supported
If command is
(Not supported with
complete
with smartmon-ux
INQUIRY, REPORT
SMARTMon-UX)
LUNS, or REQUEST
SENSE, process
normally.
Background
-stsb
(short test)
-steb
(extended test)
Self-test failure
reporting
Terminate with CHECK
CONDITION status,
HARDWARE ERROR
sense key, and
LOGICAL UNIT
FAILED SELF-TEST
or LOGICAL UNIT
UNABLE TO UPDATE
SELF-TEST LOG
sense code.
Otherwise terminate
with CHECK
CONDITION status,
NOT READY sense
key, and LOGICAL
UNIT NOT READY,
SELF-TEST IN
PROGRESS sense
code.
After the CDB is
Send -sta command Process the command Send -str command
complete
with up to 2 second
to show just self-test
(after -steb, -stfd,
delay.
results,
-stsb issued)
or -C to show all log
page results in ASCII,
or -A to show all log
page results in hex
-stfd
(factory default test)
Note: See the SANtools scrub functions
your requirements.
118
which also perform self tests. They may be more appropriate for
Let's look at some program output:
Case 1: Initiate a short background self test, for scsi disk at /dev/sda
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -stsb /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
- Initiating short background self-test on SEAGATE ST373307LC at /dev/sda
Terminating program.
The test was launched and the program immediately returned to the command-line prompt. Remember, self-tests are
performed by the device directly. Once the command is kicked off, control passes back to the operating system.
Case 2: See what is going on, a few seconds after initiating a self-test
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -str /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
109
- Results from last self-test: Short background test in progress
Terminating program.
The test is still running. Let's wait a few minutes and ask for the results again.
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -str /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
- Results from last self-test: Short background test completed w/o error
Terminating program.
The test completed without any errors. What can be seen from the -C option which reports all log page results? We
have truncated part of the output to focus on the part we care about.
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -C /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (Not Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
Logical blocks sent to initiators: 74497749 [4]
...
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 1769 powered hours
Self-test (short background): Completed w/o error @ 1765 powered hours
Self-test (extended background): Completed w/o error @ 1755 powered hours
The drive had been powered up for 1769 cumulative hours when the test was completed. The cumulative hours figure
is reported by the Seagate disk and not some internal timer running on your operating system or our software. Below
is what you would see if you initiated the extended test. The software will start the test and tell you how long the drive
reports it will take.
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon=ux -steb /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
- Initiating extended (25 minutes) background self-test on SEAGATE ST373307LC at /dev/sda
Finally, if the self-test failed, you might see something like below:
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -str /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (Not Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
- Results from last self-test: Short background test FAILED in segment #0 at Block #00000000 000238CFh @ 21
powered hours [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read error ASC=1
1 ASCQ=00, SelfTestByte=00, VendorSpecificByte=E4
Self-tests for a SATA Disk Drive Examples
Case 1: Initiate an extended background self test, for a SATA disk running on a Windows XP-64 machine, then look
at the results. We are using a disk that has 3 known bad blocks on it.
E:\Test1>smartmon-ux -steba \\.\PhysicalDrive1
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6L100P0 S/N "L23MTW0G" on \\.\PhysicalDrive1 (SMART Enabled)
The current device temperature is: 43C (109F) degrees
Initiating extended background self-test on Maxtor 6L100P0 S/N "L23MTW0G"
Program Ended.
Note, this returned immediately. We then queried the drive to see what happened..
E:\Test1>smartmon-ux -stra \\.\PhysicalDrive1
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6L100P0 S/N "L23MTW0G" on \\.\PhysicalDrive1 (SMART Enabled)
The current device temperature is: 43C (109F) degrees
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
110
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Self-test (Short offline) completed - FAILED with read error at
hours
Self-test (Short offline) completed - FAILED with read error at
hours
Self-test (Short offline) completed - FAILED with read error at
hours
Self-test (Short offline) completed - FAILED with read error at
hours
Self-test (Short offline) completed - FAILED with read error at
hours
Self-test (Short offline) completed - FAILED with read error at
hours
Self-test (Extended offline) completed - FAILED with read error
powered hours
block #00000000 00016C0F at 13544 powered
block #00000000 00016C0F at 13544 powered
block #00000000 00016C0F at 12810 powered
block #00000000 00016C0F at 12810 powered
block #00000000 00016C0F at 12810 powered
block #00000000 00016C0F at 12810 powered
at block #00000000 00016C0F at 12809
Program Ended.
Above also returned immediately. We can see that there is a bad block at hex address 00016C0F. We can also see
that this same bad block consistently appears in all of the self-tests we ran while creating this section of the manual.
Now compare with the results of running the -verify
but it returned all 3 bad blocks.
165
on the same disk. The -verify took nearly 30 minutes,
smartmon-ux -verify \\.\PhysicalDrive1
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6L100P0 S/N "L23MTW0G" on \\.\PhysicalDrive1 (SMART Enabled)
The current device temperature is: 39C (102F) degrees
Beginning SANtools read/verify test for Maxtor 6L100P0 at \\.\PhysicalDrive1 (195813072 blocks, blocksize=512)
Read/Verify error summary:
Event#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
16c0f
State
ERR
Reassignment Status
reassign failed, data invalid
1
-
219a7
ERR
reassign failed, data invalid
2
-
21a19
ERR
reassign failed, data invalid
AdditionalInfo
Block 93184 ERR/DEV/STAT:
00/F0/51 Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR
Block 137472 ERR/DEV/STAT:
00/F0/51 Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR
Block 137728 ERR/DEV/STAT:
00/F0/51 Error: DRDY, DSC, ERR
Self-Tests FAQ
Q. What are the dangers of running a self-test?
A. Worst-case scenario, if you kick off a foreground self test on the disk that your operating system is booted to, then
you will crash your O/S, and your disk will be unresponsive until either the self-test completes or you power cycle the
disk. Our software does not care or warn the operator if they run such a test on the boot disk Sometimes this is the
only thing you can do if you want to run tests on your boot disk. We will not second-guess you or stand in your way.
At the conclusion of a self-test, then you may have to recycle power on the peripheral, especially if you ran a
foreground test. Sometimes the host senses that the peripheral went away, so it stops talking to it. Other times the
person(s) who wrote the self-test did it in such a way that requires a power cycle.
Q. What if the self-test locks up and I have to reboot, how do I know if it completed and get results?
A. The results of self-tests are non-volatile. Run smartmon-ux -stra or -str, depending on type of peripheral,
and it will report the results of the last few self-tests that the device ran.
Q. I have a lot of disks that need testing, can I run multiple self-tests concurrently?
A. Absolutely. In fact, if you run the extended background tests then you can easily test 100 disk drives at the same
time with near zero host overhead. The self-tests run inside of the selected peripheral's CPU and firmware. Note that
some peripherals unfortunately lock up a peripheral during a self-test, so if this affects your device, then run multiple
instances of SMARTMonUX.
Q. Why do self tests and other functions not work on USB and sometimes SATA disks?
A. The most common problem with USB and SATA/ATA disks is that the command isn't getting properly translated to
the disk. When you hook up a ATA/SATA device to a USB port, part of the process is that a bridge chip translates the
native ATA commands that the disk uses to SCSI commands that the USB protocol uses. The low-level commands
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
111
that run and report self-tests
Q. Can I test tape drives?
A. Yes, absolutely. We have examples in this section of running self-tests on a cartridge tape drive. Remember, the
self-test is a feature of the firmware.
Q. I am having problems running self-tests on USB-attached devices, or some SATA disks. What is wrong?
A. The most common problem with USB and SATA/ATA disks is that the command isn't getting properly translated to
the disk. When you hook up a ATA/SATA device to a USB port, part of the process is that a bridge chip translates the
native ATA commands that the disk uses to SCSI commands that the USB protocol uses. The low-level commands
that run and report self-tests are incompatible. Unless the manufacturer of your USB enclosure took great care to
properly integrate the necessary translation, then it just won't work. The vast majority of external USB devices will
NOT do the translation properly. Don't blame them as they are more concerned with supporting reads & writes. The
bottom line is that if you want to perform self-tests on USB mounted peripherals, then you are going to have to hook
them up via a native ATA or SATA controller.
There is a similar problem with many of the low-end RAID controllers on motherboards. If your ATA disks appear as
SCSI devices, then the RAID controller is performing protocol translation, and their chip may have the same problem
Other RAID vendors get around the problem by providing a proprietary programming interface that allows a developer
to encapsulate commands so that they work properly.
Q. How does the smartmon-us -verify differ from a self-test?
A. The -verify command will provide you a full list of unreadable blocks. It will not test electronics, or even make sure
that the disk can write anything at all. However, unlike the self-test, a self-test will terminate on the first bad block.
Furthermore a self-test will not verify the media. It is more likely to never even discover that you have a bad block. If
you need to determine if you have unreadable data, then use the -verify command. If you need to do full testing of a
disk to make sure it is burned in and safe for use, then run both a -verify, and a self-test, then follow up with the -dft
family of commands 123 to perform some destructive write tests.
Q. Can I run self-tests on mounted disk drives?
A. Background tests, per the specification, are not supposed to prevent your host O/S from using the disks
concurrently to read and write to. We do this all the time in windows laptops and never have any problems (This does
not mean that it is safe, we are just saying we have not had any problems).. However, the safest thing to do before
performing tests is to make sure they are not mounted. This allows you to run the potentially more extensive
foreground tests. If the disks do not have any data on them, then you can also run destructive tests that verify that the
media is OK.
SANtools' official policy is to check with your storage vendor to see if it is 'safe' to run self-tests on systems
with live data.
1.33
Secure Erase and Validation
The secure erase function wipes out data on the disk per the US Department of Defense standard DoD 5220.22-M
specification. (Note, the specification requires three full triple-pass iterations for DoD compliance). This function is
reserved for SCSI, SAS, SSA, and Fibre Channel disks only.
SMARTMon-UX has several commands relating to secure erase:
-securecheckall
Scans the entire disk, and reports the count and standard deviation for all 256 possible byte
values on the
entire disk.
-securecheck n
This performs the action in the same way as -securecheck, but it will automatically terminate
after either
a user-specified amount of time, or after it determines that the data is not random, whichever
comes first.
-secure
112
This is the function that implements the secure erase.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
112
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Syntax for Secure Erase
smartmon-ux -secure nFullCycles devicename
where n is a decimal number from 1-3 which corresponds to the number of full write cycles.
Additional Information
Each cycle corresponds to three full passes where data is written to every addressable block. The first cycle sets
every bit to one, the second sets every bit to zero. The final pass in each cycle writes random data. This process can
take hours or days to complete, and if you want to insure that your old data is destroyed beyond all ability to recover it,
then you should pulverize the disk drive into pieces no larger than a few square millimeters.
Our code takes advantage of specialized commands found in some disk drives to write a pattern to a large number of
blocks quickly and efficiently. If your disk drive supports this command, then you will notice that the cycles that set
and clear each bit run several times faster than a cycle that randomizes data.
Example
C:\scratch>smartmonux-ux -secure 2 \\.\SCSI4Port4Path0Target1Lun0
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.32, Build 12-JAN-2007] - Copyright 2001-2006 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IBM DNEF-309170 S/N "AE1J3393" on \\.\SCSI4Port4Path0Target1Lun0 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART)
[Bus/Port/ID.LUN=0/4/1.0](8748 MB)
****************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have initiated the secure erase function. No checks will be made to
*
*
verify that the disk(s) aren't mounted or in use in any way.
*
*
*
*
This will destroy all data on the disk, and can take hours or possibly
*
*
days to complete. If you run this test on a logical disk (i.e, RAID),
*
*
then some data will remain on the disks (metadata & parity data). If
*
*
the disks are behind a RAID controller then you will need to run this
*
*
software on the individual disk drives.
*
*
*
*
If you have provided a list of drives to erase, then additional disks will *
*
be erased, one at a time as the process completes for a disk.
*
*
*
*
You may specify the total number of passes that will be done. After an
*
*
initial format to clear out data that might be in usable, but formerly
*
*
reallocated sectors, then the software will perform your specified number *
*
of cycles. Each cycle consists of 3 full write passes. The first pass
*
*
zeros every bit, then every bit is set to a one. The third write cycle
*
*
writes random data to the entire disk.
*
****************************************************************************************
Are you sure you want to erase the IBM DNEF-309170 disk at \\.\SCSI4Port4Path0Target1Lun0? Answer "YES" to
begin: YES
The US DoD standard for secure erase specifies 3 iterations (each iteration is 3 passes). A single
iteration is sufficient to prevent data recovery without forensic recovery equipment, and most users
therefore specify a single iteration. How many iterations do you wish to perform? (2)): 2
Beginning secure erase where 6 full passes (2
Pass #
1: Setting every bit to 0 ... (Pass
Pass #
2: Setting every bit to 1 ... (Pass
Pass #
3: Randomizing every bit ...
(Pass
Pass #
4: Setting every bit to 0 ... (Pass
Pass #
5: Setting every bit to 1 ... (Pass
Pass #
6: Randomizing every bit ...
(Pass
iterations) will be invoked.
time:
9.5m, Total:
9.5m)
time:
9.5m, Total:
19.0m)
time:
29.6m, Total:
47.6m)
time:
9.5m, Total:
57.1m)
time:
9.5m, Total:
66.6m)
time:
29.6m, Total:
96.2m)
C:\scratch>
(Note: Due to the improved secure erase logic introduced in 1.35, the same disk drive reported the times below. The
randomization phases run over twice as fast)
Pass #
Pass #
1: Setting every bit to 0 ...
2: Setting every bit to 1 ...
(Pass time:
(Pass time:
9.5m, Total:
9.5m, Total:
9.5m)
18.9m)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
#
#
#
#
3:
4:
5:
6:
Randomizing every
Setting every bit
Setting every bit
Randomizing every
bit ...
to 0 ...
to 1 ...
bit ...
(Pass
(Pass
(Pass
(Pass
time:
time:
time:
time:
9.8m,
9.5m,
9.5m,
9.7m,
Total:
Total:
Total:
Total:
113
28.7m)
38.2m)
47.6m)
57.3m)
Disclaimer
Use this feature at your own risk. SANtools will not guarantee that the secure erase will prevent your data from being
recoverable. It is the responsibility of the user to insure that the process completes, and that the appropriate device
was selected. If you select logical partitions, LUNs on RAID controllers, or logical disks, then this will not destroy any
metadata or redundant data.
In addition, if your disk drives were short stroked (i.e., they present a usable capacity that is smaller then the actual
physical capacity to the operating system, then not all of the disk will get erased. If you have any doubts as to
whether or not the usable capacity is same as physical capacity, then invoke the command -capacity 0 28 first.
This will resize the disk to the maximum capacity.
Syntax for Secure Check
smartmon-ux -securecheck n devicename
where n is a decimal number from 1-3 which corresponds to the number of full write cycles.
Additional Information
Each cycle corresponds to three full passes where data is written to every addressable block. The first cycle sets
every bit to one, the second sets every bit to zero. The final pass in each cycle writes random data. This process can
take hours or days to complete, and if you want to insure that your old data is destroyed beyond all ability to recover it,
then you should pulverize the disk drive into pieces no larger than a few square millimeters.
Our code takes advantage of specialized commands found in some disk drives to write a pattern to a large number of
blocks quickly and efficiently. If your disk drive supports this command, then you will notice that the cycles that set
and clear each bit run several times faster than a cycle that randomizes data.
Example
[root@ia64linux smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -securecheck 1 /dev/sg9
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.35, Build 18-JAN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IBM DNEF-309170 S/N "AJ1P8115" on Device /dev/sg9 (Adapter.Ch/ID.LUN=2.0/7.0) [SES] (Not Enabling SMART)(8748
Beginning SANtools secure erase verification test for IBM DNEF-309170 ...
Test completed.
Report summary:
IO errors for IBM DNEF-309170 at /dev/sg9: No problems found.
Byte Percent TotalCount
Byte Percent TotalCount
Byte Percent
0 96.460
15804
1
0.079
13
2
0.031
4
0.018
3
5
0.031
5
6
0.024
8
0.031
5
9
0.006
1
A
0.018
C
0.006
1
D
0.000
0
E
0.012
10
0.043
7
11
0.031
5
12
0.000
14
0.000
0
15
0.000
0
16
0.000
18
0.006
1
19
0.018
3
1A
0.000
1C
0.006
1
1D
0.000
0
1E
0.006
20
0.043
7
21
0.006
1
22
0.000
24
0.006
1
25
0.006
1
26
0.000
28
0.000
0
29
0.000
0
2A
0.006
2C
0.012
2
2D
0.073
12
2E
0.000
30
0.067
11
31
0.043
7
32
0.049
34
0.049
8
35
0.018
3
36
0.049
38
0.031
5
39
0.043
7
3A
0.000
3C
0.006
1
3D
0.000
0
3E
0.012
40
0.006
1
41
0.012
2
42
0.018
44
0.018
3
45
0.012
2
46
0.031
48
0.006
1
49
0.018
3
4A
0.000
4C
0.000
0
4D
0.012
2
4E
0.037
50
0.031
5
51
0.006
1
52
0.018
TotalCount
5
4
3
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
8
8
0
2
3
5
0
6
3
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Byte Percent
3
0.000
7
0.067
B
0.031
F
0.000
13
0.043
17
0.000
1B
0.012
1F
0.006
23
0.012
27
0.000
2B
0.006
2F
0.000
33
0.018
37
0.067
3B
0.000
3F
0.018
43
0.006
47
0.000
4B
0.006
4F
0.012
53
0.000
TotalCount
0
11
5
0
7
0
2
1
2
0
1
0
3
11
0
3
1
0
1
2
0
114
54
58
5C
60
64
68
6C
70
74
78
7C
80
84
88
8C
90
94
98
9C
A0
A4
A8
AC
B0
B4
B8
BC
C0
C4
C8
CC
D0
D4
D8
DC
E0
E4
E8
EC
F0
0.000
0.000
0.012
0.018
0.067
0.012
0.018
0.031
0.104
0.000
0.031
0.037
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.024
0.006
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.031
0.006
0.012
0.006
0.000
0.012
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.012
0.006
0.018
0.012
0.000
0.006
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
0
0
2
3
11
2
3
5
17
0
5
6
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
4
1
0
1
0
5
1
2
1
0
2
0
1
0
0
2
1
3
2
0
1
55
59
5D
61
65
69
6D
71
75
79
7D
81
85
89
8D
91
95
99
9D
A1
A5
A9
AD
B1
B5
B9
BD
C1
C5
C9
CD
D1
D5
D9
DD
E1
E5
E9
ED
F1
0.024
0.006
0.000
0.116
0.085
0.079
0.012
0.006
0.018
0.012
0.006
0.012
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.012
0.006
0.006
0.031
0.012
0.006
0.006
0.049
0.006
0.000
0.012
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.006
4
1
0
19
14
13
2
1
3
2
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
2
1
1
5
2
1
1
8
1
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
1
56
5A
5E
62
66
6A
6E
72
76
7A
7E
82
86
8A
8E
92
96
9A
9E
A2
A6
AA
AE
B2
B6
BA
BE
C2
C6
CA
CE
D2
D6
DA
DE
E2
E6
EA
EE
F2
0.049
0.018
0.000
0.049
0.012
0.031
0.067
0.079
0.024
0.000
0.018
0.000
0.006
0.043
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.024
0.000
0.000
0.012
0.000
0.012
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.012
0.012
0.000
0.006
0.012
0.000
0.006
0.006
0.006
8
3
0
8
2
5
11
13
4
0
3
0
1
7
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
2
0
2
0
1
0
0
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
1
57
5B
5F
63
67
6B
6F
73
77
7B
7F
83
87
8B
8F
93
97
9B
9F
A3
A7
AB
AF
B3
B7
BB
BF
C3
C7
CB
CF
D3
D7
DB
DF
E3
E7
EB
EF
F3
0.012
0.000
0.000
0.043
0.031
0.012
0.043
0.073
0.006
0.000
0.000
0.024
0.000
0.049
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.018
0.012
0.006
0.012
0.012
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.006
0.000
0.031
0.000
0.006
2
0
0
7
5
2
7
12
1
0
0
4
0
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
2
1
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
5
0
1
The -securecheckall command reported the byte distribution in this manner for the drive.
Byte Percent
0 90.269
4
0.015
8
0.000
C
0.030
10
0.000
14
0.030
18
0.000
1C
0.044
20
0.030
24
0.015
28
0.000
2C
0.015
30
0.044
34
0.030
38
0.015
3C
0.030
40
0.015
44
0.030
48
0.044
4C
0.030
50
0.030
54
0.030
58
0.000
5C
0.030
60
0.015
64
0.030
68
0.030
TotalCount
8280514948
1358881
868
2715676
1203
2715650
1278
4072937
2716092
1357950
570
1357971
4073540
2716029
1358122
2715393
1358068
2715039
4073455
2721185
2715517
2715149
811
2715130
1357801
2715323
2715396
Byte Percent
1
0.030
5
0.030
9
0.030
D
0.030
11
0.000
15
0.015
19
0.074
1D
0.015
21
0.015
25
0.015
29
0.089
2D
0.015
31
0.044
35
0.044
39
0.015
3D
0.015
41
0.000
45
0.044
49
0.030
4D
0.030
51
0.030
55
0.059
59
0.015
5D
0.015
61
0.044
65
0.015
69
0.059
TotalCount
2719293
2716384
2715410
2715813
605
1358104
6788284
1357721
1357644
1357723
8145178
1358034
4072713
4072693
1358274
1358092
718
4072566
2715177
2715280
2715034
5430566
1357994
1357961
4072755
1357799
5429874
Byte Percent
2
0.044
6
0.015
A
0.015
E
0.074
12
0.000
16
0.030
1A
0.015
1E
0.015
22
0.044
26
0.044
2A
0.074
2E
0.059
32
0.044
36
0.059
3A
0.015
3E
0.030
42
0.059
46
0.030
4A
0.030
4E
0.059
52
0.059
56
0.015
5A
2.172
5E
0.104
62
0.015
66
0.059
6A
0.000
TotalCount
4074225
1358167
1358393
6787691
1164
2715541
1357602
1357906
4072813
4072723
6788119
5429833
4072990
5430486
1357727
2715660
5436035
2715276
2716231
5430253
5430016
1363791
199228412
9502348
1357748
5431198
429
Byte Percent
3
0.044
7
0.030
B
0.074
F
0.015
13
0.015
17
0.030
1B
0.015
1F
0.030
23
0.015
27
0.059
2B
0.030
2F
0.015
33
0.015
37
0.030
3B
0.000
3F
0.074
43
0.044
47
0.059
4B
0.074
4F
0.030
53
0.000
57
0.030
5B
0.000
5F
0.030
63
0.000
67
0.030
6B
0.030
TotalCount
4073945
2715616
6787828
1358379
1358258
2715050
1357852
2715290
1357984
5430210
2715277
1357848
1358020
2715315
784
6787645
4073760
5430101
6793306
2715290
326
2715255
301
2715298
249
2715080
2715268
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
6C
70
74
78
7C
80
84
88
8C
90
94
98
9C
A0
A4
A8
AC
B0
B4
B8
BC
C0
C4
C8
CC
D0
D4
D8
DC
E0
E4
E8
EC
F0
F4
F8
FC
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.059
0.015
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.030
0.000
0.000
0.030
0.015
0.030
0.015
0.030
0.015
0.030
0.030
0.044
0.030
0.030
0.044
0.030
0.030
0.044
0.044
0.030
0.030
0.000
0.044
0.044
0.030
0.030
0.059
2715037
2715555
2715167
2715015
2715692
5430892
1358134
2715552
2715387
1358283
2715506
681
424
2715529
1357834
2715509
1357850
2715516
1358494
2715782
2715644
4073371
2715254
2715620
4072792
2715400
2715506
4073186
4072798
2715540
2715398
745
4072794
4072834
2716624
2715542
5430479
6D
71
75
79
7D
81
85
89
8D
91
95
99
9D
A1
A5
A9
AD
B1
B5
B9
BD
C1
C5
C9
CD
D1
D5
D9
DD
E1
E5
E9
ED
F1
F5
F9
FD
0.015
0.000
0.030
0.015
0.074
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.059
0.030
0.030
0.089
0.015
0.030
0.000
0.030
0.015
0.044
0.059
0.015
0.030
0.074
0.015
0.030
0.015
0.000
0.030
0.030
0.044
0.030
0.000
0.030
0.044
0.015
0.059
0.000
0.015
1357720
311
2715141
1357848
6787384
2715263
2715573
1358286
5430223
2715634
2715254
8145415
1357967
2716253
806
2715376
1358341
4073173
5430338
1358105
2715779
6787786
1357964
2715778
1358239
932
2715884
2715646
4073048
2715485
566
2715515
4072660
1358477
5430217
596
1358236
6E
72
76
7A
7E
82
86
8A
8E
92
96
9A
9E
A2
A6
AA
AE
B2
B6
BA
BE
C2
C6
CA
CE
D2
D6
DA
DE
E2
E6
EA
EE
F2
F6
FA
FE
0.044
0.015
0.044
0.030
0.000
0.015
0.030
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.000
0.015
0.030
0.044
0.044
0.044
0.000
0.030
0.000
0.000
0.044
0.059
0.030
0.030
0.030
0.044
0.059
0.015
0.000
0.015
0.044
0.030
0.015
0.059
0.015
0.059
0.000
4072687
1358155
4073174
2715250
425
1358505
2715386
1358115
1357855
1357964
927
1357962
2715632
4072789
4072873
4073192
675
2715505
699
810
4072674
5430217
2715388
2715638
2715635
4072812
5430847
1357971
550
1357987
4073310
2715386
1357837
5430340
1358097
5430431
710
6F
73
77
7B
7F
83
87
8B
8F
93
97
9B
9F
A3
A7
AB
AF
B3
B7
BB
BF
C3
C7
CB
CF
D3
D7
DB
DF
E3
E7
EB
EF
F3
F7
FB
FF
0.044
0.015
0.030
0.030
0.044
0.074
0.000
0.015
0.059
0.000
0.030
0.030
0.015
0.015
0.030
0.015
0.030
0.015
0.059
0.000
0.044
0.044
0.015
0.059
0.000
0.044
0.044
0.030
0.015
0.059
0.015
0.015
0.044
0.044
0.030
0.030
0.128
Total bytes analyzed above: 9173114880; on device: 9173114880
Note: The longest consecutive sequence is 38102016 bytes long, and standard deviation is
** THIS DISK DOES NOT CONTAIN RANDOM DATA ***
[root@ia64linux smartmon]#
115
4072582
1357888
2715669
2715120
4072928
6787875
676
1358216
5430347
677
2715509
2715512
1358167
1358111
2715252
1358090
2715508
1358105
5430480
690
4072798
4072980
1358696
5430345
802
4072795
4072670
2715383
1358095
5430484
1357841
1358124
4072670
4072951
2715287
2715398
11751181
5.630.
This disk must have valid data on it. Notice the large number of zeros and higher percentages of digits 0-9. We run a
single-pass secure erase, and then report the results.
[root@ia64linux smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -secure 1 /dev/sg9
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.35, Build 21-JAN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IBM DNEF-309170 S/N "AJ1P8115" on Device /dev/sg9 (Adapter.Ch/ID.LUN=2.0/7.0) [SES] (SMART
enabled)(8748 MB)
****************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have initiated the secure erase function. No checks will be made to
*
*
verify that the disk(s) aren't mounted or in use in any way.
*
*
*
*
This will destroy all data on the disk, and can take hours or possibly
*
*
days to complete. If you run this test on a logical disk (i.e, RAID),
*
*
then some data will remain on the disks (metadata & parity data). If
*
*
the disks are behind a RAID controller then you will need to run this
*
*
software on the individual disk drives.
*
*
*
*
If you have provided a list of drives to erase, then additional disks will *
*
be erased, one at a time as the process completes for a disk.
*
*
*
*
You may specify the total number of passes that will be done. After an
*
*
initial format to clear out data that might be in usable, but formerly
*
*
reallocated sectors, then the software will perform your specified number *
*
of cycles. Each cycle consists of 3 full write passes. The first pass
*
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
116
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
*
zeros every bit, then every bit is set to a one. The third write cycle
*
*
writes random data to the entire disk.
*
****************************************************************************************
Are you sure you want to erase the IBM DNEF-309170 disk at /dev/sg9? Answer "YES" to begin: YES
The US DoD standard for secure erase specifies 3 iterations (each iteration is 3 passes). A single
iteration is sufficient to prevent data recovery without forensic recovery equipment, and most users
therefore specify a single iteration. How many iterations do you wish to perform? (1)): 1
Beginning secure erase where 3 full passes
Pass #
1: Setting every bit to 0 ...
Pass #
2: Setting every bit to 1 ...
Pass #
3: Randomizing every bit ...
The device has successfully been erased.
(1 iteration) will be invoked.
(Pass time:
9.5m, Total:
9.5m)
(Pass time:
9.5m, Total:
18.9m)
(Pass time:
11.5m, Total:
30.4m)
O errors for IBM DNEF-309170 at /dev/sg9: No problems found.
Byte Percent TotalCount
Byte Percent TotalCount
Byte Percent
0
0.391
35829972
1
0.391
35833545
2
0.391
4
0.391
35828018
5
0.391
35845415
6
0.391
8
0.391
35829414
9
0.391
35832505
A
0.391
C
0.391
35830439
D
0.391
35834870
E
0.391
10
0.391
35841614
11
0.391
35829669
12
0.391
14
0.391
35832689
15
0.391
35830727
16
0.391
18
0.391
35836274
19
0.391
35821265
1A
0.391
1C
0.390
35819790
1D
0.391
35834652
1E
0.391
20
0.391
35825176
21
0.391
35831327
22
0.391
24
0.391
35827115
25
0.391
35828167
26
0.391
28
0.391
35834765
29
0.391
35835998
2A
0.391
2C
0.391
35825272
2D
0.391
35835496
2E
0.391
30
0.391
35834105
31
0.391
35837830
32
0.391
34
0.391
35834823
35
0.391
35829004
36
0.391
38
0.391
35839152
39
0.391
35833580
3A
0.391
3C
0.391
35828933
3D
0.391
35840625
3E
0.391
40
0.391
35833824
41
0.391
35840651
42
0.391
44
0.391
35825350
45
0.391
35825704
46
0.391
48
0.391
35824667
49
0.391
35825018
4A
0.391
4C
0.391
35831285
4D
0.391
35833121
4E
0.391
50
0.391
35826422
51
0.391
35829101
52
0.391
54
0.391
35834025
55
0.391
35836547
56
0.391
58
0.391
35838322
59
0.391
35842217
5A
0.391
5C
0.391
35830398
5D
0.391
35841648
5E
0.391
60
0.391
35829973
61
0.391
35840043
62
0.391
64
0.391
35837421
65
0.391
35828803
66
0.391
68
0.391
35829298
69
0.391
35830615
6A
0.391
6C
0.391
35824419
6D
0.391
35831141
6E
0.391
70
0.391
35827148
71
0.391
35837694
72
0.391
74
0.391
35828163
75
0.391
35838447
76
0.391
78
0.391
35825778
79
0.391
35829808
7A
0.391
7C
0.391
35824324
7D
0.391
35833073
7E
0.391
80
0.391
35842876
81
0.391
35831559
82
0.391
84
0.391
35839239
85
0.391
35830311
86
0.391
88
0.391
35833267
89
0.391
35828105
8A
0.391
8C
0.391
35824686
8D
0.391
35833548
8E
0.391
90
0.391
35831866
91
0.391
35841088
92
0.391
94
0.391
35834672
95
0.391
35835735
96
0.391
98
0.391
35831369
99
0.391
35837716
9A
0.391
9C
0.391
35835059
9D
0.391
35826102
9E
0.391
A0
0.391
35825973
A1
0.391
35828942
A2
0.391
A4
0.391
35834144
A5
0.391
35831601
A6
0.391
A8
0.391
35829797
A9
0.391
35824495
AA
0.391
AC
0.391
35832530
AD
0.391
35833245
AE
0.391
B0
0.391
35840199
B1
0.391
35830083
B2
0.391
B4
0.391
35827928
B5
0.391
35843003
B6
0.391
B8
0.391
35824222
B9
0.391
35826359
BA
0.391
BC
0.391
35827413
BD
0.391
35833474
BE
0.391
C0
0.391
35835834
C1
0.391
35842455
C2
0.391
C4
0.391
35821668
C5
0.391
35836508
C6
0.391
C8
0.391
35838460
C9
0.391
35823475
CA
0.391
CC
0.391
35831381
CD
0.391
35831882
CE
0.391
D0
0.391
35837892
D1
0.391
35829781
D2
0.391
TotalCount
35828841
35827569
35832274
35839300
35829391
35825645
35830096
35828673
35830549
35836304
35834606
35836011
35835902
35836238
35834182
35839028
35827843
35826986
35826353
35833779
35831170
35839656
35832608
35828385
35834767
35838699
35835097
35822070
35827658
35835951
35837156
35830341
35834054
35827406
35841893
35834591
35846651
35826951
35831697
35830481
35832435
35828446
35831540
35835582
35832403
35835190
35836523
35839098
35831998
35829402
35845628
35835077
35836569
Byte Percent
3
0.391
7
0.391
B
0.391
F
0.390
13
0.390
17
0.391
1B
0.391
1F
0.391
23
0.391
27
0.391
2B
0.391
2F
0.390
33
0.391
37
0.391
3B
0.391
3F
0.391
43
0.391
47
0.391
4B
0.391
4F
0.391
53
0.391
57
0.391
5B
0.391
5F
0.391
63
0.390
67
0.391
6B
0.391
6F
0.391
73
0.391
77
0.390
7B
0.391
7F
0.391
83
0.391
87
0.391
8B
0.391
8F
0.391
93
0.391
97
0.391
9B
0.391
9F
0.391
A3
0.391
A7
0.391
AB
0.391
AF
0.391
B3
0.391
B7
0.391
BB
0.391
BF
0.391
C3
0.391
C7
0.391
CB
0.391
CF
0.391
D3
0.391
35831614
35842468
35829931
35819188
35816735
35830039
35822488
35828992
35836446
35842787
35824023
35811043
35823527
35831478
35835355
35836238
35823703
35826579
35832409
35834653
35839404
35834219
35830795
35843732
35816302
35834395
35829154
35834263
35837475
35817271
35834523
35831459
35832884
35825002
35839614
35839205
35833396
35839477
35840650
35835666
35828621
35843438
35834889
35830982
35833307
35837419
35834894
35834938
35833223
35829226
35837043
35832947
35841382
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
D4
D8
DC
E0
E4
E8
EC
F0
F4
F8
FC
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35828180
35827409
35830459
35828163
35828177
35836584
35822917
35846811
35839045
35831573
35830668
D5
D9
DD
E1
E5
E9
ED
F1
F5
F9
FD
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35821680
35828268
35835154
35835412
35833115
35831956
35823825
35825090
35850406
35825461
35838418
D6
DA
DE
E2
E6
EA
EE
F2
F6
FA
FE
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35824102
35840052
35837332
35836631
35828199
35831583
35827531
35832101
35836066
35827415
35834696
D7
DB
DF
E3
E7
EB
EF
F3
F7
FB
FF
Total bytes analyzed above: 9173114880; on device: 9173114880
Note: The longest consecutive sequence is 5 bytes long, and standard deviation is
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
117
35844498
35841451
35830882
35835514
35830728
35829410
35835787
35832957
35837913
35841653
35835358
0.000.
Program Ended.
Below is from another analysis and another secure erase pass. Note how well the random number generator
distributes 1s and zeros. Each of the 256 possible byte values are written 0.391% of the time, and standard
deviation is rounded down to zero. Subsequent passes almost always report the same standard deviation of
0.391% for every byte.
Byte Percent
0
0.391
4
0.391
8
0.391
C
0.391
10
0.391
14
0.391
18
0.391
1C
0.391
20
0.391
24
0.391
28
0.391
2C
0.391
30
0.391
34
0.391
38
0.391
3C
0.391
40
0.391
44
0.391
48
0.391
4C
0.391
50
0.391
54
0.391
58
0.391
5C
0.391
60
0.391
64
0.391
68
0.391
6C
0.391
70
0.391
74
0.391
78
0.391
7C
0.391
80
0.391
84
0.391
88
0.391
8C
0.391
90
0.391
94
0.391
98
0.391
9C
0.390
A0
0.391
A4
0.391
A8
0.391
AC
0.391
B0
0.391
B4
0.391
TotalCount
35833707
35831376
35836805
35831460
35835466
35833265
35826237
35838283
35827162
35836717
35832739
35839779
35837106
35826869
35830800
35823200
35833429
35839667
35835000
35837401
35826644
35831763
35835740
35831402
35833868
35824372
35839063
35828064
35835218
35834714
35840984
35832008
35838705
35823291
35824871
35828130
35834018
35831448
35842095
35819530
35833780
35833475
35824430
35835607
35831265
35826127
Byte Percent
1
0.391
5
0.391
9
0.391
D
0.391
11
0.391
15
0.391
19
0.391
1D
0.391
21
0.391
25
0.391
29
0.391
2D
0.391
31
0.391
35
0.391
39
0.391
3D
0.391
41
0.391
45
0.391
49
0.391
4D
0.391
51
0.391
55
0.391
59
0.391
5D
0.391
61
0.391
65
0.391
69
0.391
6D
0.391
71
0.391
75
0.391
79
0.391
7D
0.391
81
0.391
85
0.391
89
0.391
8D
0.391
91
0.391
95
0.391
99
0.391
9D
0.391
A1
0.391
A5
0.391
A9
0.391
AD
0.391
B1
0.391
B5
0.391
TotalCount
35833028
35838552
35823769
35832262
35838283
35829840
35822378
35828460
35828758
35839408
35832075
35834717
35828067
35831339
35829814
35829394
35834238
35834352
35835931
35844091
35839255
35823681
35824553
35839455
35828431
35828010
35833839
35831843
35828147
35830325
35833362
35837922
35827309
35828190
35824309
35839372
35824506
35840754
35834791
35830908
35832884
35842450
35827486
35834223
35835937
35826918
Byte Percent
2
0.391
6
0.391
A
0.391
E
0.391
12
0.391
16
0.391
1A
0.391
1E
0.391
22
0.391
26
0.391
2A
0.391
2E
0.391
32
0.391
36
0.391
3A
0.391
3E
0.391
42
0.391
46
0.391
4A
0.391
4E
0.391
52
0.391
56
0.391
5A
0.391
5E
0.391
62
0.391
66
0.391
6A
0.391
6E
0.391
72
0.391
76
0.391
7A
0.391
7E
0.391
82
0.391
86
0.391
8A
0.391
8E
0.391
92
0.391
96
0.391
9A
0.391
9E
0.391
A2
0.391
A6
0.391
AA
0.391
AE
0.391
B2
0.391
B6
0.391
TotalCount
35833746
35835833
35833986
35828086
35832077
35842722
35833117
35839982
35830946
35821040
35834083
35837155
35825498
35828222
35832758
35830338
35836923
35831685
35836251
35829000
35834924
35838006
35832107
35836769
35829213
35831059
35821287
35821119
35834652
35824354
35828972
35840449
35837329
35831407
35840238
35840670
35834537
35837172
35830020
35832220
35830435
35843017
35829485
35823586
35826103
35832064
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Byte Percent
3
0.391
7
0.391
B
0.391
F
0.391
13
0.391
17
0.391
1B
0.391
1F
0.391
23
0.391
27
0.391
2B
0.391
2F
0.391
33
0.391
37
0.390
3B
0.391
3F
0.391
43
0.391
47
0.391
4B
0.391
4F
0.391
53
0.391
57
0.391
5B
0.391
5F
0.391
63
0.391
67
0.391
6B
0.391
6F
0.391
73
0.391
77
0.390
7B
0.390
7F
0.391
83
0.391
87
0.391
8B
0.391
8F
0.391
93
0.391
97
0.391
9B
0.391
9F
0.391
A3
0.391
A7
0.391
AB
0.391
AF
0.390
B3
0.391
B7
0.391
TotalCount
35825379
35827386
35824618
35834474
35832956
35829533
35831175
35832747
35836360
35825631
35835180
35828021
35824125
35820030
35837251
35833421
35838558
35836688
35839509
35833787
35823499
35832848
35828643
35833087
35841511
35833943
35842340
35839082
35839950
35819387
35820215
35836522
35832091
35824976
35831508
35822145
35826688
35837407
35839427
35824178
35837062
35840131
35839303
35811523
35831500
35832895
118
B8
BC
C0
C4
C8
CC
D0
D4
D8
DC
E0
E4
E8
EC
F0
F4
F8
FC
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35827545
35832674
35834933
35831198
35838467
35833268
35833236
35833423
35843830
35830628
35830561
35836808
35833637
35825744
35845849
35834102
35835834
35837663
B9
BD
C1
C5
C9
CD
D1
D5
D9
DD
E1
E5
E9
ED
F1
F5
F9
FD
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35825590
35829762
35842573
35831663
35826302
35834774
35835632
35833328
35823848
35838210
35831060
35837159
35830347
35835509
35837271
35841838
35827056
35834206
BA
BE
C2
C6
CA
CE
D2
D6
DA
DE
E2
E6
EA
EE
F2
F6
FA
FE
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35838479
35842889
35828205
35822112
35835666
35827933
35829711
35838977
35839168
35823853
35829247
35838624
35833533
35828629
35831886
35833509
35850286
35834107
Total bytes analyzed above: 9173114880; on device: 9173114880
Note: The longest consecutive sequence is 6 bytes long, and standard deviation is
BB
BF
C3
C7
CB
CF
D3
D7
DB
DF
E3
E7
EB
EF
F3
F7
FB
FF
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
0.391
35829588
35831542
35831076
35836354
35839544
35831123
35833305
35838977
35832321
35835573
35824495
35834402
35832394
35821286
35839247
35833341
35826441
35833501
0.000.
Program Ended.
1.34
Self-Test Diagnostics - SANtools
We added these commands in response to inefficiencies (and in some case firmware bugs), associated with the
built-in self-test functions 105 found in most SCSI and Fibre Channel disk drives. We wanted to provide a tool that
would scan the entire disk and produce a report of all errors (or warnings/retries) by block number. The administrator
and storage vendor could analyze and correct the most common errors such as unrecoverable read/write errors due
to a failed sector without having to re-run the self-test after repairing the next bad block. (Self-tests only report one
error, then they stop).
Like the self-tests described in the Self-Test Diagnostics ANSI 105 section, all of these tests are safe to run in a live
environment with user I/O running in the background. As the scrubbing self tests described in this section are
controlled by the host, there is additional overhead. This overhead is one I/O per 512, 520 or whatever block-size you
have times the number of blocks there are on the disk drive. As only one block is read at a time (with -scrub) or only
32 blocks are read at a time with (-scrubq), the test would generally take 30 minutes to several hours to run, even on
a system with little overhead.
If you have to test multiple drives, it is best to run multiple instances of the program concurrently. CPU overhead is
almost zero. The bottleneck is your disk I/O channel.
Self-Test
-scrubq
-scrub
-scrubr
-scrubs
-scrubv
Commands
Initiates full media read test, with 32-block chunk size
Initiates full media read test, with 1-block chunk size.
Pseudo-random read test using SEEK(10 SCSI Command)
Sequential read fitness test using SEEK(10 SCSI Command)
May be combined with either option above to set verbose mode so that errors, percentage complete, and
remaining time appear as they are discovered.
-scrubt This terminates any fitness test on the first error and causes the program to return error code #11 (
SCRUB_T_ERR 7 ). The -scrubt must be combined with the -scrub, or -scrubq command.
-16
May be combined with any of the above options to utilize 16-byte SCSI commands READ(16) and
WRITE(16)
-12
May be combined with any of the above options to utilize 12-byte SCSI commands READ(12) and
WRITE(12)
.
Notes:
· If -scrubv is used without either -scrubq or -scrub, -scrubv will assume -scrub was entered and immediately
begin the test.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
119
· All options record errors in the event log, and each error line includes the make/model and device name for the disk
as part of that error.
· Only one disk is tested at a time. If you want to test multiple drives concurrently, launch extra instances of the
program and point each of them to a different disk or to a different range of disks using wild cards.
· The scrubbing tests are not limited to disk drives. They may be run on optical media such as CD and DVDs, as well
as ATAPI (IDE) devices. You would do this in order to perform an optical media certification which would insure that
every block of the CD/DVD was readable w/o errors. (If you find a problem, do not bother trying to remap it on a
read-only device.
· Running the scrub tests on optical devices would also uncover and report other hardware problems, even if the
drives are IDE.
· As of this version of the documentation, we have not tested remapping DVD R/W media in event a defect has been
found. It should work, but we do not have means to test this now.
· These tests can be made with peripherals set to any block size, up to 2048 bytes. However, your host operating
system or SCSI/Fibre channel controller may not recognize 520-byte or 528-byte formatted disk drives.
· The scrub tests will terminate prematurely after 8190 different blocks report problems.
· Due to limitations in SGI's IRIX operating system that require pass-through I/O to have exclusive access, scrubbing
functions typically take 2 - 3 times longer under that O/S. It will have significant system overhead as the device
must get opened/closed between hundreds of millions of I/Os. If you use -scrubq, then the performance impact is
minor.
· (The -16 and -12 options are mutually exclusive, as are the -scrubr and -scrubs commands.
Self-Test Characteristics
Test Option
Description
Type of Test / Methodology
Strengths
-stsb
short background (ANSI-defined ·
test, built into the device's
firmware)
·
-steb
extended background
· Disk vendors use this as a
·
(ANSI-defined test, built into the pass/fail criteria to authorize
device's firmware)
warranty returns.
· Results viewable with -C and -str
commands.
Weaknesses
Single command sent, disk runs · Full test of ·
test for up to 2 minutes, saves
all except
result in log page.
media, but
media
Once command is launched by
does have
SMARTMonUX, no further
light test.
interaction required. Unlimited
number of disks can be tested · Completes
concurrently without adversely
in less than
affecting host system or I/O
2 minutes
bandwidth.
regardless
of host I/O
load.
· Unlimited
instances
can be run
concurrentl ·
y w/o
adverse
affect on
host.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Not good for
certifying
media, but
can be
combined
with -scrub
for a
thorough test
(but best to
combine
-steb with
-scrub for
most
complete
test).
Useless for
testing DVD
and CDROM
media.
Tests
· It only returns
100% of
first error
disk,
then
including
terminates.
random
· Only way to
I/O.
get a full disk
· Like the
test if you
have any
-stsb, this
errors is to
test also
correct
has no
problem and
host
120
Test Option
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Description
Type of Test / Methodology
Strengths
Weaknesses
overhead
once it is
accepted
by the disk.
-scrub
scrub test
·
·
·
-scrubq
quick scrub test
·
-scrubr
random seek test
·
start again.
This could
take days of
operator time
if you have
multiple
errors
towards end
of a large
disk.
Reads all blocks on disk and
· Single
· No random
reports sense information
pass-read- I/O test.
resulting from every I/O.
everything, · No
returns all
Automatic retries as necessary
non-media
errors in
depending on the errors.
tests.
report by · You should
Full report of non-zero sense
block
information and errors/retries
combine this
number.
test with the
· Use it to
-steb to
then
guarantee
manually
100% testing.
reassign
Run -scrub
sectors in
first and
single pass reassign all
or to send
sectors first
to storage
so the -steb
vendor for
will not stop
analysis for when it finds
drive
first error.
replaceme
nt.
Same as above, but it does 32 · Does full · Blocks are
blocks at a time to finish test
read, but
read in
much earlier.
finishes
chunks of 32,
much
so sense
faster than errors are
tied to range
-scrub.
of blocks.
· Use it to
quickly find · You will have
out if there to run the
-scrub or
is any
sense data -steb options
indicating
determine
drive
exactly what
needs to
block(s) you
be
need to
replaced or remap.
if further
action
required to
repair it.
Repositions the head in a
· This is an · The -scrubr
pseudo-random sequence until
important
& -scrubs
one seek has been done for
test and
commands
every 16 blocks of data.on the
successful are mutually
disk. This invokes the SEEK(10) sequential
exclusive.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Test Option
Description
Type of Test / Methodology
SCSI CDB.
-scrubs
sequential seek test
-scrubt
terminate on first error
-scrubv
Verbose scrub
Strengths
121
Weaknesses
reads or
write tests
will not
stress the
drive arm
assembly
sufficiently.
· Repositions the head from
· Arguably ·
beginning to end of disk using
not as
the SEEK(10) SCSI CDB
useful or
stressful
on a disk
then
performing
random
seeks.
· Terminates any of these self-test · Self test
·
diagnostics upon first error
aborts if
problem
found,
dramaticall
y speeding
up process
of testing
multiple
devices.
Combine with -scrub or -scrubq to · It shows
·
show results in foreground.
percentage
complete
and
remaining
time.
You must
perform each
test
separately.
The -scrubr
& -scrubs
commands
are mutually
exclusive.
You must
perform each
test
separately.
Test does
not report all
errors found
and/or
repaired.
Do not
redirect
output to a
file as the file
will contain
large amount
of formatted
text and
backspace
chars.
Example Results
[root@BOSS smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -scrubv -scrub /dev/sg9
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.26, Build 22-APR-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373405FC S/N "3EK0V6SG" on /dev/sg9 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
(Note percentage complete information and time remaining will appear and automatically update as this procedure
progresses. This is not shown below)
Beginning SANtools fitness test for SEAGATE ST373405FC at /dev/sg9 (143374740 blocks, blocksize=512)
Block 145614 Sense: 4/32/00 [Controller/drive hardware failed] No defect spare location available
Block 145615 Sense: 3/11/00 [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read error
Block 145616 Sense: 3/11/00 [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read error
Block 145617 Sense: 3/11/00 [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read error
Block 145618 Sense: 4/32/00 [Controller/drive hardware failed] No defect spare location available
Block 145619 Sense: 4/32/00 [Controller/drive hardware failed] No defect spare location available
Block
Block
Block
Block
Block
Block
Block
scrubbing error summary:
145614 4/32/00 Count=1 [Controller/drive hardware failed] No
145615 3/11/00 Count=3 [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read
145616 3/11/00 Count=3 [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read
145617 3/11/00 Count=3 [Drive media failed] Unrecovered read
145618 4/32/00 Count=3 [Controller/drive hardware failed] No
145619 4/32/00 Count=2 [Controller/drive hardware failed] No
defect spare location available
error
error
error
defect spare location available
defect spare location available
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
122
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Program Ended.
Completion and Test Time
The -scrub command reports errors at the block level, by reading each block individually. As such, it sacrifices
speed for granularity. Our 146GB 15000RPM SAS disk takes 10 hours to complete using these options. If you don't
care about individual block numbers, but still want a count of the bad blocks, then use the -scrubq which reads 32
blocks at a time. The same disk that took 10 hours to test with the -scrubq command takes 32 minutes to complete.
If you just need a pass-fail test too see if a particular disk has any read problems, then be sure to add the -scrubt
option so that it terminates on the first error. The results below were run on the same disk which has bad blocks
which we created with this software on blocks 123 and 456.
Slow, Detailed Report
# time /etc/smartmon-ux -scrub /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 10-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29ZZ5" on /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Block scrubbing error summary:
Block 123 4/09/00 Count=3 [Controller/drive hardware failed] Track following error
Block 456 4/09/00 Count=3 [Controller/drive hardware failed] Track following error
Program Ended.
real
user
sys
10h35m40.22s
27m8.57s
2h43m53.15s
Faster Report
# time ./smartmon-ux -scrubq /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 10-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29ZZ5" on /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Block scrubbing error summary:
Blocks 96 - 112 4/09/00 Count=3 [Controller/drive hardware failed] Track following error
Blocks 448 - 464 4/09/00 Count=3 [Controller/drive hardware failed] Track following error
Program
real
user
sys
Ended.
32m15.85s
2m20.74s
5m18.14s
Fastest
# time ./smartmon-ux -scrubq -scrubt /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 10-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29ZZ5" on /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Block scrubbing error summary:
Blocks 96 - 128 4/09/00 Count=1 [Controller/drive hardware failed] Track following error
real
user
sys
0m1.67s
0m0.00s
0m0.02s
If your disks support background media scanning, then you can just ask the disk if it has any problems via the -bmsr
217 command (assuming scanning is enabled). This will generate a report based on the last background scan the
selected disk ran, and any subsequent activity since that scan. It will take less than a second to report all bad blocks
on the disk, regardless of how many you have and where they are located. The disk retains this information through
power-cycles.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
123
# time ./smartmon-ux -scrubq -scrubt /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 10-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29ZZ5" on /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Background Media Scan Report @ Tue Jun 10 12:18:51 2008
Accumulated power-on minutes:
134911 [94 days]
Number of background scans performed:
37
Background scanning status:
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
Background scan percentage completed:
0.00
Defect#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
State
Reassignment Status
AdditionalInfo
0
133
37fc7
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
1
117114
2bf620f
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
2
130954
7b
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware failed Track f
3
130954
1c8
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware failed Track f
4
130954
37fc7
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
5
131392
37fc8
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
6
133380
38039
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
7
133792
d699104
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
8
134753
dccde66
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
9
134755
e2bede7
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered data with retr
Program
real
user
sys
Ended.
0m0.25s
0m0.00s
0m0.02s
1.34.1 Data Integrity Test
Release 1.27 introduces two new destructive integrity tests, -scrubdi and -scrubdiv. They are used to do a write /
read / compare test on every byte of the selected device. The tests are not designed for ATA family disk drives. They
are applicable to SCSI, FC random-access devices. (This includes USB memory sticks and optical R/W media). The
command will be rejected if you attempt to run it on ATA family disk drives.
These tests were designed with cooperation from RAID controller and subsystem manufacturers. The idea was to
create a whole-device data integrity test that would find if there were any situations where the data read back didn't
match the data written, or if any I/Os didn't complete without incident the first time they were tried. The reason for the
data alignment pattern is to make sure that there was a marker on every block so you could discover if there was a
problem that might shift the data left or right a few bits or bytes.
Typical O/S-assisted read/write tests (such as using dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/dsk) write the same byte to the
target device. If you are writing zeros to every block on a device, then how do you know if anything is skipped,
especially if the disk had mostly zeros written to it before you began the test? That is why we designed the test to let
you supply a 4-byte pattern, and why we put markers in the data so we know what block number we are supposed to
be reading and writing to.
Usage
smartmon-ux -scrubdi [-16 118 | -12 118 ] PATTERN
smartmon-ux -scrubdiv [-16 118 | -12 118 ] PATTERN
123
123
SINGLEYN
SINGLEYN
123
123
CHUNKSIZE
CHUNKSIZE
124
124
DeviceName
DeviceName
124
124
The PATTERN field must be a 4-byte hex value, as in E66EF0F0. This pattern will be repeated throughout the device.
If you supplied this value then the disk or RW optical media would be written with E6 6E F0 F0 E6 6E ... until the last
byte of the device. (Exception is that at the end of every block (typically 512 bytes), the last 8 bytes is going to be a
64-bit value for the current block number. Other things to know about the PATTERN are:
· Assuming you have a disk formatted to the standard 512 byte block size, then bytes #504 - #511 on the first block
of the disk would contain 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00. The last byte of the 2nd block would end with 00 01, the next
block ends with 00 02, and so on.
· If your disk drive is formatted on a 520 byte pattern, then this pattern would be written on byte numbers #512 - #519
on every block.
· If you want every block of the disk to be zeroed, with the exception of the end-of-block sequence number, then set
the PATTERN to 00000000.
The SINGLEYN field can be used to control whether or not the test is done in a single pass. Enter "Y" to instruct the
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
124
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
software to do the write/read/compare of X blocks, increment block number and continue until end-of-disk. Enter "N"
to instruct the software to first write the data on the entire disk sequentially, then do a read/compare sequentially. Due
to the performance benefits of caching, then the single-pass version will generally complete faster. As some users
might not want the data to be in cache on the read/compare part of the test, we add the SINGLEYN flag as an option.
CHUNKSIZE corresponds to the number of blocks that will be processed in each I/O. The maximum CHUNKSIZE is
64 which would correspond to a 32KB I/O, assuming the standard 512 byte block size. The larger the CHUNKSIZE,
the faster the program runs, but this assumes the user wants a large chunk size. As this is not so much a benchmark
as a diagnostic routine, we offer the ability to control the chunk size.
The DeviceName must be a single device name. No wild-cards are supported in this release. This is because the test
is quite destructive. Future revisions of this software may allow wild-cards if customer requests warrant this flexibility.
You may optionally add the -12 or -16 to force the test to attempt to use 12 or 16-byte CDBs. This will provide you
with a method which will determine if both your host machine and the target device reports the 12 or 16-byte read and
or write commands.
Example
The test below was run on a 256 MB Sony memory stick plugged into a USB port under LINUX.
smartmon-ux -scrubdiv E5F5FF00 Y 1 /dev/sg3
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27, Build 21-JUN-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Sony Storage Media S/N " " on /dev/sg3 (SMART unsupported)(250 MB)
****************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have instructed the operating system to perform a data integrity
*
*
check on the selected device. No checks will be made to verify that the
*
*
device isn't mounted or in use in any way.
*
*
*
*
* * *
THIS WILL DESTROY ALL DATA ON THE SELECTED DEVICE
* * *
*
*
*
*
The test will write your pattern on every byte of the media, with the
*
*
exception of end-of-block markers in order to perform a data alignment
*
*
test.
*
*
*
*
Please make sure the disk is unmounted before proceeding. This will
*
*
insure that the operating system will not write to the device during
*
*
test which would cause the test to fail.
*
*
*
****************************************************************************************
The selected device is:"Sony Storage Media at /dev/sg3":
Are you sure you want to do this? Answer "YES" to begin, anything else exits program: YES
Beginning SANtools data integrity test for Sony Storage Media at /dev/sg3 (512000 blocks, blocksize=512,
chunksize=1)
00% (< --- This line is updated after every 1% completion)
Block 0000000Ah Sense: 1/10/00 [Recovered error] CRC or ECC error
Block 0000000Fh Sense: 1/10/00 [Recovered error] CRC or ECC error
100%
SANtools data integrity test (Write Phase) completed for Sony Storage Media at /dev/sg3 with 4 Sense Code
Events: PASSED-WARNINGS
Block 0000000A 1/10/00 Count=2 [Recovered error] CRC or ECC error
Block 0000000F 1/10/00 Count=2 [Recovered error] CRC or ECC error
SANtools data integrity test (Verify Phase) completed for Sony Storage Media at /dev/sg3 with 0 Data
Validation (Byte) Errors: PASSED
Data Validation Test: PASSED
In this case, the device returned several recoverable errors during the write phase. This test still passed as all events
were recoverable. If there were no events, then the test would have returned the string PASSED. If there were any
unrecovered errors, then the write phase would have returned FAILED. (Unrecovered errors are marked by returned
sense key 228 values of 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and Bh.
Frequently Asked Questions
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
125
What is this test good for?
The data integrity tests are most useful for storage professionals who want to qualify hardware, test RAID controllers,
and insure data is in tact after stressing the storage, such as after a controller or HBA fail over test. System
administrators should consider running this test in qualifying hardware. You would not ordinarily run this as part of any
scheduled maintenance.
What about host overhead?
Generally very low CPU overhead, and high I/O overhead for the device that is being tested. One read or write
operation is sent per chunk CHUNKSIZE 124 .
Is this a safe operation?
All data is destroyed on the selected device. Use this function wisely.
How long does this take?
This could run all night on a large disk drive. If you run the program in verbose mode, with the -scrubdiv
then the program will tell you percent complete and remaining time after every 1% of completion.
123
flag,
What do data integrity errors look like?
If the data read is not equal to the data written for any byte, then the software will return specifics of the offset, what
was written, and what was read back from the device.
Notes
· These tests make no assumptions about 512-byte block sizes. If the device you wish to test is formatted for 520 or
528 bytes/block, and if your operating system and device drivers have no problems recognizing devices which are
not 512 bytes in size, then the software will work as expected.
· Like the -scrub 120 family of commands, these tests are controlled by this software. That means the target device
can be any SCSI-family random access device, such as a Read/write DVD, USB memory stick, or disk drive.
· In the event of any non-zero sense key for the write phase, the program will record the error and block number,
then retry. After two retries, the program continues. Full details about all errors and warnings are returned with
-scrubdiv 123 . If you run the -scrubdi 123 version of the test then you only get totals.
· You may add the -16 118 command to force the test(s) to send 16-byte SCSI READ/WRITE commands rather than
the 10-byte versions, or add the -12 118 option to send the READ(12) and WRITE(12) commands.
1.35
Self-Test Diagnostics - WRITE SAME
Another feature added to the diagnostic suite in release 1.26 is support for writing data to the entire device. This
feature utilizes the SCSI-only WRITE SAME command which instructs the device to fill a block of data with a
user-specified pattern. (The command works on SCSI, SAS, SSA, and fibre channel random-access devices.
(SMARTMonUX will return an error if you attempt to perform this command on an unsupported device).
Both the -wsbyte and -wsbyteconfirm commands initiate the same WRITE SAME function. The
-wsbyteconfirm just suppresses the are-you-sure type message, which allows you to automate this data
destructive command. This function will write the pattern starting on block #0 of the disk, and it will continue through
the last addressable block. It will not write your pattern on reserved areas, nor will it write the pattern on blocks that
may go beyond the reported drive capacity 28 . If you need to insure that your pattern writes every addressable block
on the disk, then you should send the command, -capacity 0 28 which will reset the disk to maximum addressable
capacity.
One would ordinarily use this command variant as part of a automated process. As this test is destructive, we suggest
you only use the -wsbyteconfirm command on systems and scripts that have been fully tested. We also allow you
to combine -wsbyte and -confirm on the same command-line. These options together are equivalent to the
-wsbyteconfirm command.
Add the optional -wsc operator if you want the program to immediately terminate the operation after the first error.
Usage
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
126
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
./smartmon-ux -wsbyte [-16] 118 hexbyte [-wsc] Device_list 22
./smartmon-ux -wsbyteconfirm [-16] 118 hexbyte [-wsc] Device_list
22
Where hexbyte is the byte that you wish to fill the disk with.
If you want every block of the disk to be zeroed, set hexbyte to 00. If you want to write a pattern which would be
used as part of a stress disk write test, we have been told that Seagate suggests sending the E6 byte as a pattern.
If you use wild-cards or enter more than one disk in the device list, the program will continue with all disks in the list
after the first disk has been written (or skipped by the operator). If there is a problem with flashing any disk, the
program immediately terminates with an appropriate error message. (If it is a result of a disk error, sense information
will be provided to lend insight into the problem.
(Note, there is no 12-byte version of the WRITE SAME command, so there is no -12 flag).
Example (write E6h pattern to every byte on the disk)
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -wsbyte E6 /dev/sg5
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.26, Build 22-APR-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST336753FC S/N "3HX00LE3" on /dev/sg5 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART)(35003 MB)
***************************************************************************************
* Warning: You have initiated the WRITE SAME function which instructs this software *
*
to destroy all of your data and write a single byte pattern over every
*
*
block on the selected disk drive, DESTROYING YOUR DATA. No checks
*
*
will be made to verify that the disk isn't mounted or in use in any way. *
*
*
*
The process will generally complete in 15 - 30 minutes, and status
*
*
information will appear on the screen as the process progresses.
*
*
*
*
Your operating system may attempt to query the disk unless you have
*
*
unmounted it (unassigned drive letter in Windows, umount in UNIX/LINUX). *
*
*
*
If you used a wildcard, or a list of devices, and do not answer YES
*
*
to write data on the disk described below, then it will be skipped and
*
*
the program will select the next disk in the list and repeat this message *
*
until all disks have been skipped or formatted with the supplied byte.
*
*
*
***************************************************************************************
This will write the byte E6h across the entire SEAGATE ST336753FC disk at /dev/sg5
Are you sure you want to do this? Answer "YES" to begin the operation, anything else exits program: YES
Beginning WRITE SAME formatting for SEAGATE ST336753FC at /dev/sg5 (71687371 blocks, blocksize=512)
99%
0.1 Mins Remaining (< --- This line is updated after every 1% completion)
WRITE SAME completed.
Program Ended.
Persistent Device Names Warning
Unless your operating system uses persistent device names, you should not automate any tests that are destructive in
nature unless there are fail-safes to verify you are performing the action on the device you want to perform the action
on. That is because if you add or remove hardware, reboot your machine, the device name for a particular peripheral
may change.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the -wsbyte command good for?
There is generally no faster way to destroy data on your disk (without smashing it into little bits) then by using this
command. Since you can also set the byte pattern, you can make multiple passes to prevent data from ever being
recovered (except for the types of government agencies that can recover anything).
If you are trying to certify a disk drive, or do burn-in, send the E6 pattern with the -wsbyte
125
or -wsbyteconfirm
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
126
,
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
127
follow up with the -scrub 120 family of read commands, run the -steb 108 , and repeat. This tests every component
of the device including every block of media as well as the electronics components. Seagate recommends using the
E6 pattern as it will generally sniff out more weak sectors that would need to be remapped.
What about host overhead?
SMARTMonUX sends only one I/O command to write 30MB at a time. Even measuring this amount of overhead
generates a higher load then zeroing your disk. (Note, due to the pass-through I/O limitations unique to SGI's IRIX
operating system, the -scrub family of commands will run significantly slower on that platform. (That is because the
O/S does not support multiple concurrent pass-through commands to the same device, the handle must be opened &
closed between I/Os.). These limitations will not affect the ANSI-type self-test 105 commands, and they will not be
noticeable with the write same 125 commands since they might generate only one or two I/Os per second.
Is this a safe operation?
It is safe to do this on any disk other than your O/S disk and any disks required by your O/S, such as swap, to stay
alive. Of course, all data will be destroyed on that disk, but it will not hurt the drive. In fact, storage manufacturers use
the write-same command as means of stress testing drives to make weak sectors fail so those defects can be
remapped.
How long does this take?
A fast 73 GB disk typically completes in around 15 minutes.
How do I test really large devices, like a 5 TB LUN on a RAID controller?
Append the -16 118 function, which instructs the software to send 16-byte SCSI commands. These commands are
required for devices greater than the approximately 2.1 TB limitation for the 10-byte SCSI commands.
1.36
Spin Disk Up and Down
These commands are supported on SCSI, SAS, and Fibre Channel Disks. They let you query whether the selected
disk is currently spun up, spun down, or in a transitional state.
Spin Up
The -spinup command sends the SCSI START UNIT command to the selected disk, which causes it to spin up. If
the drive is already spun up, then the command will be ignored. This version of the spin-up command waits for the
disk to complete the spin-up process before returning the results.
Reasons for using spin up/down
· You can simulate a type of a drive failure by spinning a disk down, and add delays to benchmarks for situations
when you want to see what will happen to some hardware when it is under stress.
· Sometimes JBOD-attached fibre channel disks will spin down if they have not been accessed for a while. Use the
spin-up either as a stand-alone command, or a background job to prevent a system from spinning disks down.
· If you have a subsystem that will not be accessed for a while, and your host O/S allows, you can spin it down to
conserve power as part of a green initiative.
# ./smartmon-ux -spinup /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN27XJ9" on /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
The disk is now spun up
Program Ended.
(The reported results for this and subsequent commands, with exception of the spin inquiry, will be the same
regardless of whether the disk is currently up, down, or in a transitional state)
Spin Up Immediate
The -spinupi command sends the SCSI START UNIT IMMEDIATE command to the selected disk. Results are
similar to START UNIT, but the command is sent to the disk, and does not wait for the drive to spin up before it
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
128
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
returns.
# ./smartmon-ux -spinup /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN27XJ9" on /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Successfully instructed the disk to spin up
Program Ended.
Spin Down
The -spindown command sends the SCSI STOP UNIT command to the selected disk, which causes it to spin
down. If the drive is already spun down, then the command will be ignored. This version of the spin-down command
waits for the disk to complete the spin-down process before returning the results.
# ./smartmon-ux -spindown /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN27XJ9" on /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
The disk is now spun down
Program Ended.
(The reported results for this and subsequent commands, with exception of the spin inquiry, will be the same
regardless of whether the disk is currently up, down, or in a transitional state)
Spin Down Immediate
The -spindowni command sends the SCSI STOP UNIT IMMEDIATE command to the selected disk. Results are
similar to STOP UNIT, but the command is sent to the disk, and does not wait for the drive to spin down before it
returns.
# ./smartmon-ux -spindowni /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN27XJ9" on /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Successfully instructed the disk to spin down
Program Ended.
Spin Inquiry
The -spinq command queries the disk to see if it is up, down, or transitioning.
# ./smartmon-ux -spinq /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN27XJ9" on /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
The disk is spun up
Program Ended.
1.37
Storage Area Network (SAN) Reporting
The -fc option is basically just a dump of information about all of the fibre channel HBAs and the devices attached to
them. Future releases of the software will expand on the amount of information that is reported, so if you are using a
script to interpret the information then you must NOT rely on specific data to be returned on a particular line.
UNIX/LINUX users should use grep to pattern-match against the title of the field.
As discussed in the Configuring SNIA HBA API Library section 230 , the SNIA drivers must be installed on your system
for your particular makes and models of HBAs. If they are not properly installed or configured, you would get the
results as shown below:
[root@morph smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -fc
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Cannot open /etc/hba.conf
Error loading HBA API library (Error):HBA library version:
Number of supported adapters:
0
129
1
Error unloading HBA API library (Error):[root@morph smartmon]#
[root@morph smartmon]#
If this happens, then you probably do not have the drivers loaded. Please consult the online documentation for your
HBA supplier and download and install the necessary files. Your HBA firmware may also have to be updated to
support the SNIA library, so you should try to read their documentation.
If everything is in order, then you would typically see something like below. The meanings of most of this information
should be somewhat obvious. For those fields that make no sense at all to you, chances are good that you would not
know what to do with the information now that you have it anyway. If you are having problems then the data would be
very useful to your storage subsystem, switch or hub vendors, and your fibre channel HBA vendor.
Here are some results, first from a PC running Windows 2000 ...
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Number of supported adapters:
1
Adapter #0 Description:
[OK]
Name:
QLogic-ql2300-1
Manufacturer:
QLogic Corporation
Serial number:
J98685
Model:
QLA2340
Model description:
QLogic QLA2340 PCI Fibre Channel Adapter
Node WWN:
20:00:00:E0:8B:0F:1D:3D
Node symbolic name:
Hardware version:
FC5010409-11
Driver version:
8.2.3.11 (w32 VI)
Option ROM version:
1.34
Firmware version:
3.02.14
VendorSpecific ID:
1
Number of ports:
1
Driver name:
ql2300.sys
Event logging support:
[OK]
Total number of events:
0
HBA end port attributes (Device #0): [OK]
WWN (node name):
20:00:00:E0:8B:0F:1D:3D
WWN (port name):
21:00:00:E0:8B:0F:1D:3D
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
0
FC ID:
00-00-00
Type:
NLPORT (Public Loop)
State:
ONLINE
Supported classes of service:
3
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
0201000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
0001000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
\\.\Scsi2:
Current speed:
2 Gbps
Supported speed(s):
1, 2 Gbps
Max frame size:
2048
Device Port #0 Statistics:
[OK]
Seconds since statistics last reset: n/a
Total frames transmitted:
n/a
Total words transmitted:
n/a
Total frames received:
n/a
Total words received:
n/a
Total LIP events on arbitrated loop: n/a
Total NOS events on switched fabric: n/a
Total error frames:
n/a
Total dumped frames:
n/a
Total link failures:
0
Total loss of sync:
1
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
130
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Total loss of signals:
Total primitive seq protocol errors:
Total invalid trx words:
Total invalid CRCs:
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
1
0
5
0
22:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:6C
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336753FC
0002
3HX00LE3
3HX00LE300008307WCMY
20000004cf862e6c
71687371 / 34.18
512
20:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:6C
22:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:6C
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
\\.\PhysicalDrive1
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:6C
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336753FC
0002
3HX00LE3
3HX00LE300008307WCMY
20000004cf862e6c
71687371 / 34.18
512
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00BB7
3FP00BB700002136H72S
2000002037e60a38
71132959 / 33.92
512
20:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
\\.\PhysicalDrive2
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
131
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00BB7
3FP00BB700002136H72S
2000002037e60a38
71132959 / 33.92
512
22:00:00:04:CF:86:2C:94
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336753FC
0002
3HX00TG9
3HX00TG900002252EU50
20000004cf862c94
71687371 / 34.18
512
20:00:00:04:CF:86:2C:94
22:00:00:04:CF:86:2C:94
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
\\.\PhysicalDrive3
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:04:CF:86:2C:94
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336753FC
0002
3HX00TG9
3HX00TG900002252EU50
20000004cf862c94
71687371 / 34.18
512
22:00:00:20:37:E6:03:80
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP008FD
3FP008FD00002137H19N
2000002037e60380
71132959 / 33.92
512
20:00:00:20:37:E6:03:80
22:00:00:20:37:E6:03:80
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
\\.\PhysicalDrive4
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:20:37:E6:03:80
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
132
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP008FD
3FP008FD00002137H19N
2000002037e60380
71132959 / 33.92
512
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0B:EF
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00ARC
3FP00ARC000021370FWF
2000002037e60bef
71132959 / 33.92
512
20:00:00:20:37:E6:0B:EF
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0B:EF
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
\\.\PhysicalDrive5
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0B:EF
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00ARC
3FP00ARC000021370FWF
2000002037e60bef
71132959 / 33.92
512
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP009Y0
3FP009Y0000021370FDJ
2000002037e60c84
71132959 / 33.92
512
20:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
\\.\PhysicalDrive6
UNKNOWN
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device Port WWN Details:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
WWN (node name):
WWN (port name):
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
FC ID:
Type:
State:
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
Current speed:
Supported speed(s):
Max frame size:
LUN Information for Port WWN:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
133
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP009Y0
3FP009Y0000021370FDJ
2000002037e60c84
71132959 / 33.92
512
22:00:00:80:E5:00:00:00
[OK]
MYLEX
FFx2
5902
4d59
20:00:00:80:E5:00:00:00
22:00:00:80:E5:00:00:00
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:80:E5:00:00:00
[OK]
MYLEX
FFx2
5902
4d59
22:00:00:80:E5:00:00:01
[OK]
MYLEX
FFx2
5902
4d59
20:00:00:80:E5:00:00:01
22:00:00:80:E5:00:00:01
0
00-00-00
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
UNKNOWN
UNKNOWN
0
22:00:00:80:E5:00:00:01
[OK]
MYLEX
FFx2
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
134
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Target Mapping Data:
5902
4d59
(No mappings found)
For comparison, below is the output from a PC running Red Hat LINUX 9.0
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -fc
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
HBA library version:
2
Number of supported adapters:
1
Adapter #0 Description:
[OK]
Name:
qlogic-qla2200-0
Manufacturer:
Qlogic Corp.
Serial number:
A36453
Model:
QLA2200
Model description:
QLogic QLA2200
Node WWN:
20:00:00:E0:8B:00:65:8E
Node symbolic name:
QLA2200 HBA Driver
Hardware version:
Driver version:
v.6.01.00-fo
Option ROM version:
v.1.83
Firmware version:
v. 2.02.03
VendorSpecific ID:
0
Number of ports:
1
Driver name:
qla2200
Event logging support:
[OK]
Total number of events:
0
HBA end port attributes (Device #0): [OK]
WWN (node name):
20:00:00:E0:8B:00:65:8E
WWN (port name):
21:00:00:E0:8B:00:65:8E
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
0
FC ID:
00-00-EF
Type:
NLPORT (Public Loop)
State:
ONLINE
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
0001000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
0001000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
/proc/scsi/qla2200/1
Current speed:
1 Gbps
Supported speed(s):
1 Gbps
Max frame size:
2048
Device Port #0 Statistics:
[OK]
Seconds since statistics last reset: n/a
Total frames transmitted:
n/a
Total words transmitted:
n/a
Total frames received:
n/a
Total words received:
n/a
Total LIP events on arbitrated loop: 2
Total NOS events on switched fabric: n/a
Total error frames:
0
Total dumped frames:
n/a
Total link failures:
0
Total loss of sync:
1
Total loss of signals:
1
Total primitive seq protocol errors: 0
Total invalid trx words:
0
Total invalid CRCs:
0
Device Port WWN Details:
21:00:00:80:E5:11:AB:5C
Device (0) LUN number:
0
SCSI Inquiry Data:
[OK]
Vendor ID:
MYLEX
Product ID:
DACARMRB
Revision:
5902
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
0002ab5c20000080e511ab5c0000000000000000
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
4d594c45582020200002ab5c20000080e511ab5c0000000000000000
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Target device mapping (2 devices):
Device #1 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
0
0
0
00-00-6E
20:00:00:80:E5:11:AB:5C
21:00:00:80:E5:11:AB:5C
0h
Device #2 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Persistent Binding:
0
1
0
00-00-6D
20:00:00:80:E5:11:BE:66
23:00:00:80:E5:11:BE:66
0h
(Not supported)
135
142180351 / 67.80
512
23:00:00:80:E5:11:BE:66
Finally, a subset of the information as reported by a SPARC Station running Solaris 8
# ./smartmon-ux -fc
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
HBA library version:
2
Number of supported adapters:
1
Adapter #0 Description:
[OK]
Name:
qlogic-qla2200-0
Vendor library attributes:
Version name:
QLOGIC CORPORATION
Version number:
3.05
Version build date:
Mon Aug 4 18:43:05 2003
Final Version:
Yes
Manufacturer:
QLogic Corporation
Serial number:
B39680
Model:
QLA/QCP/QSB 22xx
Model description:
QLogic 1Gb PCI/cPCI/SBus to FC HBA
Node WWN:
20:00:00:E0:8B:02:A0:21
Node symbolic name:
QLA2200 HBA Driver
Hardware version:
Driver version:
v.4.13
Option ROM version:
v.0
Firmware version:
v.2.2.6 IP
VendorSpecific ID:
0
Number of ports:
1
Driver name:
qla2200
Event logging support:
[OK]
Total number of events:
0
HBA end port attributes (Device #0): [OK]
WWN (node name):
20:00:00:E0:8B:02:A0:21
WWN (port name):
21:00:00:E0:8B:02:A0:21
WWN (port fabric):
Number of discovered ports:
0
FC ID:
00-00-00
Type:
NLPORT (Public Loop)
State:
ONLINE
Supported classes of service:
Supported FC-4 TYPEs:
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Active FC-4 TYPEs:
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Symbolic port name:
OS Device name:
/devices/pci@1f,0/pci@1/scsi@1:devctl
Current speed:
1 Gbps
Supported speed(s):
1 Gbps
Max frame size:
2048
Device Port #0 Statistics:
[OK]
Seconds since statistics last reset: n/a
Total frames transmitted:
n/a
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
136
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Total words transmitted:
Total frames received:
Total words received:
Total LIP events on arbitrated loop:
Total NOS events on switched fabric:
Total error frames:
Total dumped frames:
Total link failures:
Total loss of sync:
Total loss of signals:
Total primitive seq protocol errors:
Total invalid trx words:
Total invalid CRCs:
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
1
1
1
0
0
0
21:00:00:20:37:E6:93:B2
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP011LD
3FP011LD00002143DC3F
2000002037e693b2
71687370 / 34.18
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:9F:53
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0004
3FP00Y3T
3FP00Y3T00002146J67V
2000002037e69f53
71687370 / 34.18
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:95:1A
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP0148W
3FP0148W00002147H1BY
2000002037e6951a
71687370 / 34.18
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:08:7D
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0004
3FP00B01
3FP00B0100002137H34N
2000002037e6087d
71132959 / 33.92
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:09:3A
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00BJZ
3FP00BJZ00002137H2PT
2000002037e6093a
71132959 / 33.92
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:07:3D
0
[OK]
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00ANW
3FP00ANW00002137H2AB
2000002037e6073d
71132959 / 33.92
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:95:A5
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP017K6
3FP017K600002147H14P
2000002037e695a5
71687370 / 34.18
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:09:BE
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP00B4W
3FP00B4W000021370DW8
2000002037e609be
71132959 / 33.92
512
21:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:DD
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336753FC
0002
3HX00LDT
3HX00LDT00008307WD4Q
20000004cf862edd
71687371 / 34.18
512
21:00:00:04:CF:AF:25:FA
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST373405FC
0005
3EK1KT8S
3EK1KT8S00007303WX06
20000004cfaf25fa
143374740 / 68.37
512
21:00:00:04:CF:A4:3D:CD
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST373405FC
0005
3EK130Y7
3EK130Y700007249ZBDB
20000004cfa43dcd
143374740 / 68.37
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:95:B7
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0004
3FP017BV
3FP017BV00002147H1GL
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
137
138
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Device Port WWN Details:
Device (0) LUN number:
SCSI Inquiry Data:
Vendor ID:
Product ID:
Revision:
Serial Number:
Serial Number (Page 80h):
Device Identifier (Page 83h):
Device capacity (Blocks / GB):
Device capacity (LBA Size):
Target device mapping (15 devices):
Device #1 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #2 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #3 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #4 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
2000002037e695b7
71687370 / 34.18
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:03:C3
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP008NA
3FP008NA00002136H6T9
2000002037e603c3
71132959 / 33.92
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:0F:48
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0004
3FP00B1P
3FP00B1P000021370ES2
2000002037e60f48
71132959 / 33.92
512
21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31
0
[OK]
SEAGATE
ST336605FC
0003
3FP009Z6
3FP009Z600002137H36P
2000002037e60631
71132959 / 33.92
512
/dev/dsk/c1t19d0
0
19
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:93:B2
21:00:00:20:37:E6:93:B2
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t18d0
0
18
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:9F:53
21:00:00:20:37:E6:9F:53
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t17d0
0
17
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:95:1A
21:00:00:20:37:E6:95:1A
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t16d0
0
16
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:08:7D
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #5 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #6 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #7 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #8 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #9 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #10 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #11 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #12 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
21:00:00:20:37:E6:08:7D
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t15d0
0
15
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:09:3A
21:00:00:20:37:E6:09:3A
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t14d0
0
14
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:07:3D
21:00:00:20:37:E6:07:3D
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t13d0
0
13
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:95:A5
21:00:00:20:37:E6:95:A5
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t12d0
0
12
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:09:BE
21:00:00:20:37:E6:09:BE
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t11d0
0
11
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:DD
21:00:00:04:CF:86:2E:DD
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t9d0
0
9
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:04:CF:AF:25:FA
21:00:00:04:CF:AF:25:FA
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t8d0
0
8
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:04:CF:A4:3D:CD
21:00:00:04:CF:A4:3D:CD
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0
0
7
0
00-00-00
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
139
140
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #13 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #14 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Device #15 Information:
OS device name:
SCSI bus #:
SCSI target #:
SCSI LUN #:
Device Port ID:
Node WWN:
Port WWN:
FCP LUN:
Persistent Binding:
1.38
20:00:00:20:37:E6:95:B7
21:00:00:20:37:E6:95:B7
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t6d0
0
6
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:03:C3
21:00:00:20:37:E6:03:C3
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t5d0
0
5
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:0F:48
21:00:00:20:37:E6:0F:48
0h
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0
0
4
0
00-00-00
20:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31
21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31
0h
(Not supported)
Storage Area Network (SAN) Device Ping
This function can be equated with a standard TCP/IP ping. It is used to both determine connectivity to a device and to
report the amount of milliseconds it takes for a packet of data to get to the device and be acknowledged by it.
Syntax
smartmon-ux -fcping PortWWN LUN_Number [Attempts]
The LUN_Number would typically be zero for standard disks and tapes. It is quite common to be non-zero for logical
disks created by external RAID subsystems.
The PortWWN corresponds to the fibre channel port WWN for the selected device. This information can be obtained
by a variety of methods, including:
· Running smartmon-ux -fc 128 which will dump all port and WWN info for the devices it can see
· Your HBA management software
· Your operating system's registry or boot logs (i.e., /vary/log/messages or dmesg)
The optional attempts field is used to tell the program how many attempts it should make. If you enter zero, it will send
data indefinitely, or until you abort or kill the program.
Example
D:\TEST>smartmon-ux -fcping 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38 0
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright
http://www.SANtools.com
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0A:38 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
2003 SANtools, Inc.
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
3 successful and 0 unsuccessful pings.
Average ping time: 0.003s.
D:\TEST>smartmon-ux -fcping 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 0 10
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright
http://www.SANtools.com
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 3.044s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
Port 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:84 replies in 0.000s as SEAGATE
141
2003 SANtools, Inc.
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
10 successful and 0 unsuccessful pings.
Average ping time: 0.304s.
You'll note that the Windows machine above is not very consistent in performance. There was a 3-second delay on
the 5th attempt. This is something that the system administrator may wish to investigate.
The following example shows what will happen if you attempt to ping a non-existent device.
D:\TEST>smartmon-ux -fcping 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:99 0 10
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Could not find path to LUN #0 at port WWN 22:00:00:20:37:E6:0C:99 from:
- Adapter Port: QLogic Corporation QLA2340 20:00:00:E0:8B:0F:1D:3D
Finally, we're pinging the disk subsystem from the SPARCStation. You will note that the operating system does not
affect the syntax of the results.
# ./smartmon-ux -fcping 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 0 10
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23, Build 07-DEC-2003] - Copyright
http://www.SANtools.com
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
Port 21:00:00:20:37:E6:06:31 replies in 0.010s as SEAGATE
2003 SANtools, Inc.
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
ST336605FC
10 successful and 0 unsuccessful pings.
Average ping time: 0.010s.
Additional Information
A few things to know about this feature.
· The granularity of the ping is measured and reported in milliseconds.
· The program sleeps for 1000 milliseconds (1 second) between each ping attempt, whether successful or
unsuccessful.
· SMARTMon-UX will not let you ping a port name that is not known to the HBA. This is by design, as we have seen
the Q-Logic library lock up on LINUX in testing when we attempted to ping a device which does not exist.
· All of this information is obtained by communicating directly with your HBA through the SNIA API library. On more
than one occasion we have seen incorrect results returned by HBAs. Some times updating the HBA firmware and
drivers to the latest release fixed the problem. Other times the bad data is unique to a particular HBA model,
firmware revision, and operating system.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
142
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
· We have sometimes seen that the HBA never responds, or that the program will lock up (but not your computer)
when using the -fc 128 or -fcping 140 commands. This is due to bugs in the API, or not having the latest firmware
and/or drivers for your HBA loaded. Please report this information both to us, and to your HBA supplier to get them
resolved. Often, if you just upgrade to the most current HBA drivers then the problems and lockups go away.
1.39
Storage Area Network (SAN) HBA Info
Use the -fchbainfo command to report information specific to the make, model, and drivers for your fibre channel
HBA(s). Unlike the -fc command, this does not search for devices attached to the HBAs. It just reports information
specific to the HBAs installed in your system.
Example:
[root@BOSS smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -fchbainfo
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23D, Build 7-JAN-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Number of supported adapters:
2
Adapter #0 Description:
[OK]
Name:
Emulex-LP8000-1
Manufacturer:
Emulex Corporation
Serial number:
0000c92304fe
Model:
LP8000
Model description:
Emulex LightPulse LP8000 1 Gigabit PCI Fibre Channel Adapter
Node WWN:
20:00:00:00:C9:23:04:FE
Node symbolic name:
Hardware version:
2002506d
Driver version:
4.30l; HBAAPI v1.4, 11-19-02
Option ROM version:
Firmware version:
3.91A3
VendorSpecific ID:
F80010DFh
Number of ports:
1
Driver name:
lpfcdd
IP Unit Type:
07h (HBA)
Port ID:
00h
Number Of Attached Nodes:
0
IP Version:
01h (IPV4)
UDPPort:
00h
IP Address:
0.0.0.0
Discovery Flags:
00h ()
Adapter #1 Description:
Name:
Manufacturer:
Serial number:
Model:
Model description:
Node WWN:
Node symbolic name:
Hardware version:
Driver version:
Option ROM version:
Firmware version:
VendorSpecific ID:
Number of ports:
Driver name:
[OK]
qlogic-qla2300-0
Qlogic Corp.
J98648
QLA2312
QLogic QLA2312
20:00:00:E0:8B:0F:F8:3C
QLA2312 HBA Driver
FC5010409-11
v.6.01.00-fo
v.1.34
v. 3.01.13
0h
1
qla2300
Notes:
· If you have an HBA that does not appear, then check to see that the vendor's SNIA API Library is properly installed
and configured on your system. Remember, there is an HBAAPI runtime, which is common to all HBAs, and there
are vendor/HBA-unique library files that have to be installed and referenced in the /etc/hba.conf 235 file or your
Windows registry.
· SMARTMonUX and the SNIA HBA API both report mixing and matching HBA vendors, models, and firmware. That
does not mean that your HBA vendors support "foreign" HBA vendor cards and/or drivers.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
1.40
143
Storage Area Network (SAN) I/O Stat
This function can be equated with the standard Unix iostat program. It is designed to show throughput and errors
measured at each fibre channel controller port. This feature does not issue any I/Os to any fibre channel peripherals.
It just queries your local HBAs via the SNIA HBA API library for cumulative totals it maintains.
Syntax:
smartmon-ux -fciostat [-h] [-k] [-r] [-t] [-x] [-?] [<interval>] [<count>]
Where:
-h
Suppress descriptive headers between each polling interval
-k
Convert words transmitted and received to kilobytes/sec (each word is 4 bytes long)
-r
Display raw values (do not calculate totals over time)
-t
Display timestamp column
-x
Display Extended statistical data columns.
-?
Displays Usage and header information. This must be only option after -fciostat
interval
Period in seconds between each poll. If you do not enter an interval, program will display cumulative
totals
count Number of iterations program should perform before exiting. This must be used in conjunction with an
interval.
Example #1: Display Usage and Headers
./smartmon-ux -fciostat -?
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.24, Build 25-JAN-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Usage: ./smartmon-ux -fciostat [ options...] [ <interval> ] [ <count> ]
Options are:
-h Suppress extra headers between each polling period
-k Display stats in KB/sec (1 KB = 1000 Bytes)
-r Display raw rules (don't calculate totals over time)
-t Display timestamp
-x Display extended information
-? Display help information
<interval> = seconds between each poll
<count>
= number of iterations before exiting
Legend:
tps
Transactions per second (Total frames transmitted & received)
Tx_Fr/s
Transmitted frames per second
Rx_Fr/s
Received frames per second
Words_T
Words (4 bytes each) transmitted
Words_R
Words (4 bytes each) received
LIPs
LIP events on arbitrated loop
NOSs
NOS events on switched fabric
Errs
Error frames
DumpF
Dumped frames
LinkF
Link failures
SyncF
Loss of SYNCs
SignF
Loss of signals
ProtE
Primitive sequential protocol errors
TrxE
Invalid transmission words
CRCE
Invalid CRCs
Note - Not all HBAs and/or HBA drivers support reporting any or all of this information
Example #2: Poll and report totals every 10 seconds.
This is how the fciostat will normally be used. The fields shown in blue are the ones that only appear if the -x
extended) flag is selected. Comments are in {violet}
143
(for
smartmon-ux -fciostat -k -x -t -h 10
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.23D, Build 7-JAN-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Linux 2.4.9-18smp (Itanium.sanmanager.com)
01/07/04 {O/S version followed by fully qualified host name,
then date}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
144
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Device:
Time
tps
NOSs Errs DumpF LinkF SyncF SignF ProtE TrxE
Emulex-LP8000-1
21:10:37
7209.3
n/a
0
n/a
0
8
0
0
1
qlogic-qla2300-0
21:10:37
n/a
n/a
1
n/a
1
0
30
0
28
Emulex-LP8000-1
21:10:48
1813.3
n/a
0
n/a
0
0
0
0
0
qlogic-qla2300-0
21:10:48
n/a
n/a
0
n/a
0
0
0
0
0
Emulex-LP8000-1
21:10:57
923.03
n/a
0
n/a
0
0
0
0
0
qlogic-qla2300-0
21:10:57
n/a
n/a
0
n/a
0
0
0
0
0
Emulex-LP8000-1
21:11:07
511.34
n/a
0
n/a
0
0
0
0
0
...
Tx_Fr/s
CRCE
6227.0
0
n/a
0
1101.0
0
n/a
0
803.98
0
n/a
0
340.93
0
Rx_Fr/s
KB_T/s
KB_Rx/s
LIPs
982.26
998.91
10611
1
n/a
n/a
n/a
0
712.24
1067.3
1082.7
0
n/a
n/a
n/a
0
119.05
6.6533
1160.9
0
n/a
n/a
n/a
0
170.41
9.6208
184.74
0
Notes:
· Unfortunately not all models of HBAs monitor and/or report all statistical data information defined by the SNIA
specification. In general, many models of Q-Logic HBAs do not maintain statistical totals for words and frames
transmitted and received. The Emulex and JNI HBAs usually report all but a few fields. SMARTMonUX will display
n/a or leave fields blank, rather than report zeros for information that is not available.
· If your HBA does not report some statistical data fields, you should check the HBA BIOS and/or firmware revision to
see if they are current. If not, update the drivers. We discovered that Emulex LP8000s would report throughput
information once the firmware was upgraded. You can use the -fchbainfo 142 option to see the firmware revision of
your HBAs.
· If your HBA does not report the throughput fields, and you do not specify the -x 143 option to view extended
information, then SMARTMonUX will suppress displaying of data for that particular HBA after the first poll.
1.41
Tape Drive Testing and Optimization
SANtools software is uniquely qualified to empower you to diagnose and treat tape performance and reliability issues
you probably didn't even know you have. This section shows a subset if information taken from a tandberg tape drive
using our software and covers some things that administrators should consider when maintaining tapes. The
information below is taken from other pages in the documentation, and summarized below for your convenience.
Firmware Updates
You should always check to insure you have current firmware. Enter smartmon-ux -I+ 62 to report details about your
tape subsystem that will make it easy for you to determine what firmware you are running (and often how old it is).
For this particular model of tape, we are also able to report that the firmware was written on 07/02/2003, and the tape
drive was manufactured back in 2001. It has never had a factory adjustment.
Vendor Identification:
Product Identification:
Firmware Revision:
Drive manufacturing MM.DD.YY:
Main microcode creation MM.DD.YY:
DSP microcode creation MM.DD.YY:
Last drive adjustment MM.DD.YY:
TANDBERG
SLR7
0595
06.12.01
07.02.03
07.02.03
........
If your firmware is old, and you are lucky, then your manufacturer has a program that you can run to upgrade the
firmware. 99% of the time, the program is written exclusively for Windows. Our tandberg was attached to our inhouse Sun, and Tandberg does not distribute a program that lets you upgrade firmware 47 under anything but 32-bit
windows. The firmware that this tape is now running, version 595, was upgraded on our sun by entering smartmonux -flash S07d0595.bin. (Release 1.42 removed the artificial constraint that limited firmware flashing to SCSI/
SAS/FC disk drives and SES enclosures. You can now flash any peripheral that uses the SCSI protocol. Keep in
mind, however, that manufacturers sometimes add a "wrapper" to firmware files that requires you to flash using the
manufacturer's utility. You should always contact your manufacturer before flashing firmware upgrades. We will be
happy to work with them to qualify our software for firmware updates .. especially if the manufacturer can not help you
with non-windows hosts.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
145
Compression Efficiency
Hardware or software compression, which is best? How do you tell if hardware compression is enabled on the tape
drive? (See the DCE setting 145 ) The answer is that it depends. Our software will provide you the tools you need to
measure true compression, compare different algorithms (if your tape is equipped), and see if your tape operates
more efficiently using one method or another. The information below comes from viewing the log pages after a
backup run. Further down, you will see some configurable mode pages parameters and settings.
Just run smartmon-ux -Cx 71 before and after a test run, and use the results to establish effectiveness of your
settings down to the exact byte count.
Total logical data blocks transferred: 7248
Total physical blocks written to media: 55023104
Total physical blocks read from media (Read and Space operations only): 101376
Write compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change): 168
Read compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change): 0
Percentage of data with compression between .89 and 1.2 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 1.2 and 1.6 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 1.6 and 2.2 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 2.2 and 3.6 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression greater than 3.6 - reset on cartridge change: 0
Bytes processed (on Writes): 295436288
Unrecovered errors (on Writes): 0
Bytes processed (on Reads): 7602176
0
28
71
0
Tape Drive Configurable Mode Page Parameters
Our tandberg isn't very configurable (the R/O means the field is read-only), but other manufacturers provide much
greater room for tweaking settings. If you read the full manuals for the most popular software, you will find that they
usually provide "best practice" settings. You will be amazed at how much your performance may improve if your
buffer size is too small or too large, as an example.
Read-Write Error Recovery
Transfer block (TB)
Enable early recovery (EER)
Post error (PER)
Disable transfer on error (DTE)
Disable correction (DCR)
Read retry count (RRC)
Write Retry Count (WRC)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [01h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
24, 24, 24
16, 16, 16
Disconnect-Reconnect
Buffer full ratio (BFR)
Buffer empty ratio (BER)
Bus inactivity limit (BIL)
Disconnect time limit (DTL)
Connect time limit (CTL)
Maximum burst size (MBS)
Enable modify data pointers (EMDP)
Fair arbitration (FA)
Disconnect immediate (DImm)
Data transfer disconnect control (DTDC)
First burst size (FBS)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [02h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
16, 16, 16
16, 16, 16
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Data Compression
DCE
DCC
DDE
RED
Compression algorithm
Decompression algorithm
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [0Fh] (Factory, Current, Saved)
1, 0, 1
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
1, 1, 1
0, 0, 0
00000003h, 00000003h, 00000003h
00000000h, 00000003h, 00000000h
Tape Control
Change active partition (CAP)
Change active format (CAF)
Active format
Active partition
Write buffer full ratio
Read buffer empty ratio
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Page [10h] (Factory, Current, Saved)
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
146
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Write delay time (in 100ms)
Data buffer recovery (DBR)
Block identifiers supported (BIS)
Report setmarks (RSMK)
Automatic velocity control (AVC)
Stop on consecutive filemarks (SOCF)
Recover buffer over (RBO)
Recover error warning (REW)
Gap size
EOD Defined
Enable EOD generation (EEG)
Synchronize early warning (SEW)
Soft write protect (SWP)
Buffer size at early warning
Data compression algorithm
Associated write protect (ASOCWP)
Persistent write protect (PERSWP)
Permanent write protect (PRMWP)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 1, 1
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
1, 1, 1 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
000000h, 000000h, 000000h
00h, 00h, 00h
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
0, 0, 0 {R/O}
Is tape drive starting/stopping too often or slow?
Look at the disconnect-reconnect settings and some of the highlighted fields above. Both your tape backup software
vendor and hardware vendor should have good information on what settings are "best". The built in mode-page editor
144 can be used to set these to optimal values. Often you just need to modify something like a buffer empty or buffer
full ratio 145 setting.
Is performance suffering due to media problems and/or errors?
Below comes from the log page inquiry. (By the way, you can monitor these values real-time during a backup via
threshold monitoring 158 . Any error, whether corrected or uncorrected will require everything to stop for retries and
data correction attempts.
Note that our software does not keep track of how many times a tape has been used, or cleaned, or if the heads are
dirty. Most tape drives have this built-in capability, and our software provides this information to you.
Number of minutes of motion since last head cleaning: 94
Number of head cleanings: 5
Number of lost servo locks on writes: 0
Number of write servo dropouts: 0
Number of lost servo locks on reads: 0
Number of read servo dropouts: 0
Cartridge serial number: 496256
Number of times this cartridge loaded: 18
Number of beginning-of-tape markers passed for this tape: 253
Number of end-of-tape markers passed for this tape: 14
Number of cartridge write past counters: 27
Number of minutes cartridge has been in motion: 121
Buffer under-runs: 22
Buffer over-runs: 1
Write errors corrected with possible delays: 155808
Total Write errors: 345
Write errors corrected: 345
Times correction algorithm processed (on Writes): 0
Bytes processed (on Writes): 295436288
Unrecovered errors (on Writes): 0
Read errors corrected with possible delays: 0
Total Read errors: 1
Read errors corrected: 1
Times correction algorithm processed (on Reads): 1
Bytes processed (on Reads): 7602176
Unrecovered errors (on Reads): 0
1.42
TapeAlert Testing
This function can only be used on tape drives and autochangers which support the TapeAlert test feature. (Please
refer to the Tape Drive Testing and Optimization 144 section for additional information not covered in this topic)
You would use this command to program a false (test) error, so you can see what would happen if you had a real tape
error. When invoked, the command performs the following functions. (For brevity, we will assume the unit has this
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
147
capability and no problems are found issuing the appropriate commands.
· Performs a mode select to temporarily to set the TapeAlert test bit. This will cause TapeAlert polls to return sense
information indicating a false TapeAlert Error.
· Polls the device. It will return sense information 5D FF, which will be reported as "TapeAlert FALSE (test) predictive
failure alert."
· The mode page will be restored in order to disable TapeAlert testing.
Syntax
-XT {devicefile}.
Frequently Asked Question:
Q.How do I safely generate a TapeAlert error that does not require breaking something.
A.Most devices that have TapeAlert capability set off an alert if you load invalid media into the device. For
example, we have some DDS4 media which is not supported in one of our HP C1533A tape drives. In order to
generate an error, we stick the DDS4 media in the device and the HP will reject it shortly after the cartridge is
tensioned. Then we poll it. The resulting message will have, " Unsupported Format - You have loaded a
cartridge of a type not recognized by this tape drive.",
Q. What will be returned if the device does not support this feature?
A. The program will report: "Tape Alert test failed -- Device does not support this feature. No changes were
made."
Q. What if I have more than one TapeAlert condition?
A. The program will report all status text. It will look at whether each message is critical, an error, or a warning and
use the worst-case state to classify the warning for the system's event log.
Q. What message strings are returned?
A. The strings below are defined by the software. Not all tape/changer devices have the capability to report all of these
messages.
· Read Warning - The tape drive is having problems reading data. (No data lost, but reduction in
performance.)
· Write Warning - The tape drive is having problems writing data. (No data lost, but reduction in
performance.)
· Hard Error - The operation has stopped because the drive could not recover from the error condition.
· Media Error - Your data is at risk. Do not use this tape media again.
· Read Error - The tape is damaged or the drive is faulty.
· Write Error - The tape is from a faulty batch or the tape drive is faulty.
· Media Life - The tape cartridge has reached the end of its calculated useful life.
· Not Data Grade - The cartridge is not data grade. Data written to it will be at risk.
· Write Protect - You are trying to write to a write-protected cartridge.
· No Removal - You can not remove this cartridge while it is in use.
· Cleaning Media - The tape in the drive is a cleaning cartridge.
· Unsupported Format - You have loaded a cartridge of a type not recognized by this tape drive.
· Recoverable Snapped Tape - The operation has failed because the tape in the drive has snapped.
· Unrecoverable Snapped Tape - The operation has failed because the tape in the drive has snapped.
· Memory Chip Failure - The memory chip in the cartridge has failed, which will affect performance only.
· Forced Eject - The operation has failed because the cartridge was manually ejected during I/O.
· Read-Only Format - You have loaded a cartridge of type which is read only.
· Tape Directory Corrupted - The directory is corrupted. File search will be degraded.
· Nearing Media Life - The cartridge is nearing the end of its calculated life.
· Clean Now - The tape drive needs cleaning.
· Clean Periodic - The tape drive needs routine cleaning.
· Expired Cleaning Media - The last cleaning cartridge used needs to be replaced.
· Invalid Cleaning Media - The last cleaning cartridge used was an invalid type.
· Retention Requested - The tape drive has requested a retension operation.
· Dual-Ported Interface Error - A redundant interface port has failed.
· Cooling Fan Failure - A cooling fan has failed.
· Power Supply Failure - A redundant power supply has failed.
· Power Consumption - The tape drive power consumption is outside the specified range.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
148
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Drive Maintenance - Preventive maintenance on the drive is required.
Hardware Fault A - The tape drive has vendor-defined hardware fault (requires reset to recover).
Hardware Fault B - The tape drive has vendor-defined hardware fault (requires power cycle to recover).
Interface - The tape drive has a problem with the application client interface.
Eject Media - The operation has failed (eject, reinsert, restart application).
Download Fail - The last firmware download failed.
Drive Humidity - Environmental conditions inside the tape drive are outside the specified range.
Drive Temperature - Environmental conditions inside the tape drive are outside the specified range.
Drive Voltage - Power conditions are outside the specified range.
Predictive Failure - A hardware failure of the tape drive is predicted.
Diagnostics Required - The tape drive may have a hardware fault. Run diagnostics.
Loader Hardware A - The changer mechanism is having difficulty communicating with the tape drive.
Loader Stray Tape - A tape has been left in the autoloader by a previous hardware fault.
Loader Hardware B - The loader mechanism has a hardware fault.
Loader Door - The operation has failed because the autoloader door is open.
Loader Hardware C - The autoloader has a hardware fault that is not mechanically related.
Loader Magazine - The autoloader cannot operate without the magazine.
Loader Predictive Failure - A hardware failure of the changer mechanism is predicted.
Lost Statistics - Media statistics have been lost at some time in the past.
Tape Directory Invalid at Unload - The tape directory on the tape cartridge just unloaded has been
corrupted.
Tape System - The tape just unloaded could not write its system area successfully.
Tape System Read Failure - The tape system area could not be read successfully at load time.
No Start of Data - The start of data could not be found on the tape.
Loading Failure - The operation has failed because the media cannot be loaded and threaded.
1.43
TapeAlert Viewer
TapeAlert refers to the capability of a tape device to provide detailed diagnostic information using the ANSI standard
interface, conveniently called TapeAlert. Many modern SCSI and Fibre Channel tape drives support this feature. In
general, the more expensive and robust a tape or auto changer is, the higher the probability it will have this feature.
Although the ANSI specification defines 64 flags, (click here to see it 150 ) several of them are reserved for
future use. In addition, not all flags are used by all tape devices. See the table below for details. SMARTMon-UX
reports all of the flags. In order to poll tape devices automatically, invoke the program with the -X option and be sure
to pass it the physical device names for your tape devices. If the tape does not support TapeAlert, the program will tell
you and move on.
If you wish to view the TapeAlert-related capabilities of your tape or auto changer, invoke the program with the -X+
option. This will cause it to report all supported and unsupported TapeAlert features.
smartmon-ux -X+
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.12, Build 18-AUG-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered TANDBERG SLR7 S/N "SN007005396" on \\.\TAPE0 (tape - TapeAlert enabled) [Adapter/ID.LUN=3/3.0]
TapeAlert status and capabilities dump below:
Read Warning
: Unsupported
Write Warning
: Passed
Hard Error
: Passed
Media Error
: Passed
Read Error
: Passed
Write Error
: Unsupported
End of Media Life
: Unsupported
Not Data Grade
: Unsupported
Write Protect
: Unsupported
No Removal
: Unsupported
Cleaning Media
: Unsupported
Unsupported Format
: Unsupported
Recoverable Snapped Tape
: Unsupported
Unrecoverable Snapped Tape
: Unsupported
Memory Chip Failure
: Unsupported
Forced Eject
: Unsupported
Read-Only Format
: Unsupported
Tape Directory Corrupted
: Unsupported
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Nearing Media Life
: Passed
Clean Now
: Unsupported
Clean Periodic
: Passed
Expired Cleaning Media
: Unsupported
Invalid Cleaning Media
: Unsupported
Retention Requested
: Unsupported
Dual-Ported Interface Error
: Unsupported
Cooling Fan Failure
: Unsupported
Power Supply Failure
: Unsupported
Power Consumption
: Unsupported
Drive Maintenance
: Unsupported
Hardware Fault A
: Passed
Hardware Fault B
: Unsupported
Interface
: Unsupported
Eject Media
: Unsupported
Download Fail
: Unsupported
Drive Humidity
: Unsupported
Drive Temperature
: Unsupported
Drive Voltage
: Unsupported
Predictive Failure
: Unsupported
Diagnostics Required
: Unsupported
Loader Hardware A
: Unsupported
Loader Stray Tape
: Unsupported
Loader Hardware B
: Unsupported
Loader Door
: Unsupported
Loader Hardware C
: Unsupported
Loader Magazine
: Unsupported
Loader Predictive Failure
: Unsupported
Lost Statistics
: Unsupported
Tape Directory Invalid at Unload : Unsupported
Tape System
: Unsupported
Tape System Read Failure
: Unsupported
No Start of Data
: Unsupported
Loading Failure
: Unsupported
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on \\.\TAPE1 (tape - TapeAlert enabled) [Adapter/ID.LUN=3/6.0]
TapeAlert status and capabilities dump below:
Read Warning
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Write Warning
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Hard Error
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Media Error
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Read Error
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Write Error
: ReportableInFailureOnly
End of Media Life
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Not Data Grade
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Write Protect
: ReportableInFailureOnly
No Removal
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Cleaning Media
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Unsupported Format
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Recoverable Snapped Tape
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Unrecoverable Snapped Tape
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Memory Chip Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Forced Eject
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Read-Only Format
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Tape Directory Corrupted
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Nearing Media Life
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Clean Now
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Clean Periodic
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Expired Cleaning Media
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Invalid Cleaning Media
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Retention Requested
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Dual-Ported Interface Error
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Cooling Fan Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Power Supply Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Power Consumption
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Drive Maintenance
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Hardware Fault A
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Hardware Fault B
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Interface
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Eject Media
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Download Fail
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Drive Humidity
: ReportableInFailureOnly
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
149
150
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Drive Temperature
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Drive Voltage
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Predictive Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Diagnostics Required
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Hardware A
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Stray Tape
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Hardware B
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Door
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Hardware C
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Magazine
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loader Predictive Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Lost Statistics
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Tape Directory Invalid at Unload : ReportableInFailureOnly
Tape System
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Tape System Read Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
No Start of Data
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Loading Failure
: ReportableInFailureOnly
Terminating program.
In the situation above, there are two tape drives attached. The Tandberg drive has full TapeAlert capability and
including the ability to report to a calling program programmatically which features it supports. The HP drive also
supports TapeAlert, but it is not smart enough to let a program know exactly what features it supports.
Be sure to refer to the ANSI specification 150 images to know exactly what each message means and whether
they are informational, warnings, or critical messages.
If you invoke SMARTMON-UX with the -X option, it will poll tapes at the specified polling periods and produce a
message such as:
\\.\TAPE0 polled at Sun Aug 18 23:19:21 2002 Status:Passed
If there was a problem, you might see:
\\.\TAPE0 polled at Sun Aug 18 23:26:49 2002 Status:Not Data Grade - The
cartridge is not data grade. Data written to it will be at risk.
Note that it is possible that in the event of a TapeAlert, you will get more than one message per polling cycle.
1.44
TapeAlert ANSI Descriptions
The pages below are from the ANSI manual which describe all of the TapeAlerts in detail. In the event SMARTMON
informs you that you have a TapeAlert 148 condition, please contact your tape supplier to determine what corrective
action may be required.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
151
152
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
153
154
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
155
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SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
1.45
157
Thermal Warning
This feature can be added to the command-line and run in the background as part of the scheduled polling process.
When you invoke smartmon-ux with the optional -G threshold_temperature warning, you instruct the software
to not only monitor SMART alerts, but to also report alerts if the disk temperature meets or exceeds the supplied
temperature.
This feature requires that you have a SCSI, Fibre Channel, or SSA disk that reports temperature via the ANSI-defined
temperature log page entry (found on page 2Fh). If you are not sure whether or not your disk reports temperature
here, you can just try the command and give it a threshold of 1 degree C. If your device supports temperature
reporting, you will get the alert in the syntax reported below.
Temperature polling does not have any significant additional load and is a convenient fail-safe to insure your computer
does not run too hot.
Note that you can also monitor temperature via sophisticated scripts, even if drive temperature is not reported on
page 2F (hex), but is reported in a vendor-unique page that smartmon is already aware of. Use the threshold
configuration 158 and threshold monitoring 158 features to create temperature over time log files or warnings if
temperature increases 5 degrees or more over a few minutes.
[root@rh90 smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -F 600 -G 40-L /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (Enabling SMART)(70007 MB)
Launching job #27401 in background - Will poll every 600 seconds.
This instructs the software to check temperature and report a thermal warning if temperature exceeds 40 degrees C.
(Temperature is always monitored and reported in degrees C, not degrees F).
The -L option instructs the software to log results in the file smartmon-ux.txt. In the case of LINUX, the file is
saved in the /var/log directory.
Below is the tail end of the log file. Since the disk was at 42 degrees when the program was launched, the text
highlighted in red will be added to the log file.
Sun Jul 20 20:24:03 2003: ./smartmon-ux started
Sun Jul 20 20:24:04 2003: Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (Enabling
SMART)(70007 MB)
Sun Jul 20 20:24:04 2003: /dev/sda polled at Sun Jul 27 20:24:04 2003 Status:Passed (Temperature = 43C
109F)
Sun Jul 20 20:24:04 2003: Device on /dev/sda, Thermal alert. Temperature now at 43C 55F degrees.
Once a thermal alert is sent out, they are not repeated every polling cycle. The temperature has to go below the
threshold to reset the trigger to allow thermal alerts to be logged. If you launched the program with -G 45, the line in
red would not get added to the log file.
If you always just want to report the temperature, but do not want thermal alerts, pass it some high temperature, such
as -G 99. As this is over 200 degrees F, your computer and disk drive would have shut down (or melted), long before
that, and you will never get an alert.
If you want to know what temperature your disk will enter a thermal alert on its own, you can either read the disk
drive's specification (which is difficult to find), or ask smartmon-ux ....
./smartmon-ux -C /dev/sda
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.21, Build 26-JUL-2003] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ0381E" on /dev/sda (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
Statistical log pages dump below [# of bytes reserved for value in device]:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
158
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
(.. truncated here)
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 41
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C: 68
The current temperature is 41C, and the shutdown is 68C. You can see that this disk drive can run much hotter before
there is need for concern.
Notes:
The temperature for SCSI, SAS, and fibre channel devices is standardized, but optional.
You can also obtain device temperature via the log page viewer 65 .
1.46
Threshold Monitoring
In order to monitor thresholds, invoke your user-defined scripts, and email alerts and log file entries, you must invoke
the program with the -W 158 option and supply SMARTMon-UX with the name of your configuration file.
Usage
smartmon-ux -Wfilename
Example
smartmon-ux -WDiskRWActivityRecorder.cfg
For details on the syntax and creation of the script, refer to the Threshold Configuration
158
portion of this manual.
Note: Do not put a space between the -W and the filename!
1.47
Threshold Configuration
Threshold monitoring, introduced in release 1.15, is a powerful method for defining exactly what you want to monitor,
how often you want to look at it, and what you want to happen should it occur.
What can you do with log page threshold monitoring?
· Provide an alert if you have an A/C failure by monitoring drive temperature.
· Watch for unrecovered read or write errors.
· Watch for unrecovered write errors which might indicate data corruption.
· Automatically alert you when your tape drive indicates it needs to have the heads cleaned.
· Tell you if you have unrecovered read or write errors from your tape drive when creating a backup or performing a
recovery.
· Interface storage device and status information for your JBOD into enterprise-level SRM packages.
By optionally configuring an event script, you can launch a procedure of your choice if you have such a situation.
For example, with relatively little effort, you could poll megabytes read of a disk on 5 minute intervals, append the
information into a flat file, and import it into a spread sheet to graph your throughput over time. If you have a disk that
is in a SAN that is shared among multiple systems, there is NO other way to determine this information.
In order to utilize this feature, you must create a configuration file and launch SMARTMon-UX with the -W option
(Note - no space between the W and the filename) and pass it the name of the configuration file. The configuration
file is managed by launching smartmon-ux in the interactive mode with the -K option. You then choose configuration
commands in order to manipulate the file. This configuration file is in ASCII text, and you are free to edit it manually if
you desire. Once you familiarize yourself with the record layout, you might find it much more efficient to edit it
manually. Note that while the record layout is slightly different for UNIX and Windows-family operating systems, it is
consistent across all UNIX and LINUX versions.
Configuration Commands
When you launch the program with the -K option (smartmon-ux -K), it discovers all peripherals and returns with a list
of options. The program will not launch into the background, and it will not monitor hardware. The purpose of this
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
159
mode is to provide a means to have the program manage a configuration file, rather than require you to edit one
manually.
This section of the documentation makes frequent use of screen snapshots. All computer-generated output is shown
in blue, and all entered text is shown in red.
# smartmon-ux -K
(device information displays here)
Command (Enter ? for help): ?
?: Help
S: Select device for threshold definition
A: Add threshold entries for selected device
V: View all defined thresholds
D: Delete range of threshold entries
P: Purge ALL threshold entries (erase all defined thresholds)
L: Load threshold entries from file
W: Write threshold entries to file
Q: Quit this function
Command (Enter ? for help):
Option S - Select Device
This displays a list of discovered devices for this machine and assigns an index number to each of them. You then
select a device which will be used to add threshold entries. The selected device is applicable to adding (or modifying)
threshold entries. Only choices applicable to the selected device will display. Below is the dump for a Windows-based
machine. If you were attached to a UNIX machine, you would not see the adapter, channel, port, and ID information,
but you would see the standard UNIX device driver name for the peripheral.
Command (Enter ? for help): S
Device#
Adapter Port Channel
* 0
4
2
3
1
4
2
4
2
4
2
5
3
4
2
6
4
4
2
7
5
4
2
8
6
4
2
9
7
4
2
10
8
4
2
11
9
4
2
12
10
4
2
13
11
4
2
14
12
3
0
3
thresholds)
13
3
0
6
14
2
0
0
Select Device (0) : 12
ID
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Description
SEAGATE ST1181677FC
HITACHI DK31CJ-72FC
SGI ST336704FC
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
IBM DNEF-309170
TANDBERG SLR7
Device Path
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE6
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE7
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE8
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE9
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE10
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE11
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE12
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE13
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE14
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE15
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE16
\\.\TAPE0 <--(See example below for adding
HP C1533A
TOSHIBA DVD-ROM SD-C2202
\\.\TAPE1
\\.\CDROM0
Note that the (*) indicates the currently selected device. By default, the first discovered device will always be selected.
Option A - Add threshold entries for selected device
This is the heart of configuring an event. SMARTMon-UX presents all known values (a combination of ANSI-standard
log parameters 65 and our extensive list of vendor-unique fields that we have obtained from manufacturers of most
FC and SCSI peripherals). SMARTMon-UX runs through this list, querying the selected device and presenting you
with the current value as well as any defined action settings.
In the example below, we wish to monitor and report the cumulative number of minutes our Tandberg SLR7 tape drive
has been powered on. (Not very useful in the real world, but a simple example to tutorial purposes). Note that we
selected the Tandberg, which is device #12, above.
Command (Enter ? for help): A
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
160
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Total logical data blocks transferred (current value = 2):
Poll (N) :
Total physical blocks written to media (current value = 11026432):
Poll (N) :
Total physical blocks read from media (Read and Space operations only) (current value = 61440):
Poll (N) :
Approx remaining capacity of partition 0 (in KBytes) (current value = 19612408):
Poll (N) :
Approx remaining capacity of current partition (in KBytes) (current value = 19612408):
Poll (N) :
Approx maximum capacity of partition 0 (in KBytes) (current value = 19612408):
Poll (N) :
Approx maximum capacity of current partition (in KBytes) (current value = 19612408):
Poll (N) :
Number of file marks (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of set marks (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of minutes of motion since last head cleaning (current value = 58):
Poll (N) :
Number of head cleanings (current value = 2):
Poll (N) :
Total power-on minutes (current value = 75559):
Poll (N) : y
Polling frequency in seconds (600) : 60
Threshold (0) : 75000
Send E-Mail if threshold met or exceeded (N) :
Log event if threshold met or exceeded (Y) :
Optional program to launch: () : echo "Smartmon-ux event @ $$D: $$12=$$V" >> logfile$$1-$$2.$$3.log
Total number of cartridge loads (current value = 53):
Poll (N) :
Number of servo lock retries (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of servo track seeks (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of lost servo locks on writes (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of write servo dropouts (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of lost servo locks on reads (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Number of read servo dropouts (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Current selected track number (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Buffer under-runs (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Buffer over-runs (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Write errors corrected with possible delays (current value = 8471):
Poll (N) :
Total Write errors (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Write errors corrected (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Times correction algorithm processed (on Writes) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Bytes processed (on Writes) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Unrecovered errors (on Writes) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Read errors corrected with possible delays (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Total Read errors (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Read errors corrected (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Times correction algorithm processed (on Reads) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Bytes processed (on Reads) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Unrecovered errors (on Reads) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Total bytes written to media (not including ECC & formatting overhead) (current value = 0):
Total bytes read from media (not including ECC & formatting overhead) (current value = 0):
Total bytes transferred to the initiator(s) (during write operations) (current value = 0):
Poll (N) :
Poll (N) :
Poll (N) :
Command (Enter ? for help): ?
Note that the values in parentheses indicate the default response. Only a carriage return is required if you wish to take
the default. All parameters allow you to select a threshold. When you select Y or y, to begin monitoring a parameter,
you will be asked to answer a few more questions. The threshold is the point where you wish the program to take an
action. When polling, an event occurs if the measured value from the device meets or exceeds the value. This is
important and by design. For example, if you wanted to create a log file that shows the number of unrecovered write
errors before and after a tape backup, the threshold should be zero. Otherwise, you would only get feedback when
there was a write error, when the threshold increased from zero.
If you select the option to generate an email, you must make sure you launch SMARTMon-UX with the appropriate
option to enable email alerts, and the email address(es) you want the message to go to. No additional entry is
required to globally enable event logging, but there is a -L runtime option which allows you to specify a different log file
rather than the system default log file.
The optional program to launch looks confusing, but will make sense shortly. This is the means by which you can
configure an external program or script to execute in the event the threshold is met. SMARTMon-UX uses field
substitutions to pass parameters onto your command, so this external command has the information it requires to
perform your desired task.
Configuring the Action Script Parameters
Prior to release 1.25, the action script contained 12 fields on windows-family operating systems and 10 fields on UNIX
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Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
161
systems. At release 1.25, we were able to provide a common format and layout for all operating systems. In addition
to the first 10 substitution fields, there are 4 fields unique to Windows ($$11 - $$14) and 8 additional fields common to
all operating systems. These 8 additional parameters either provide field substitution or instruct the program to
perform an action such as terminate the program.
Below is the header of system-generated configuration files which provides details on these fields.
#
# DO NOT MODIFY LINE BELOW
# Version 1.03 Fri Mar 12 00:26:40 2004
#
# This file is used to define what statistical data should be monitored
# and reported at each polling interval. It may be edited manually, as
# long as the record format is strictly adhered to. Note also that there
# is one format common to all UNIX releases, and another common to Windows.
# Please refer to the manual for formatting information.
#
# Record #1:
# Field 1: Physical Device Name (i.e, \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE3, \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target4Lun0 or \\.\CDROM0
#
(Both $$1 and $$P can be used to substitute for this value)
# Field 2: Log page number (hex)
#
(Substitute as $$2)
# Field 3: If Field #4 is P for Parameter, then this is Log page parameter#
#
Otherwise it is the hex byte offset to the start of the
#
data.
#
(Substitute as $$3)
# Field 4: Enter 'P' if field represents the log parameter number, or
#
enter 'O' [capital letter O], if it is the byte offset
#
(Substitute as $$4)
# Field 5: Threshold value (decimal). If zero, then value will always get read and
#
reported (once value read is GREATER than 0). If non-zero, then a log entry
#
will be displayed and recorded only when the value read meets or exceeds the
#
threshold.
#
(Substitute as $$5)
# Field 6: Polling frequency in seconds (decimal)
#
(Substitute as $$6 for UNIX)
# Field 7: Can be 1 to 2 bytes. Enter 'E' to send email,
#
and/or 'L' to log threshold alert in log file. Enter 'X' for neither.
#
(Substitute as $$7)
# Field 8: Length in bytes of the data field (if Field#4 = O, otherwise, set to 0
#
(Substitute as $$8)
# Field 9: Field format string -- N (numeric), A (alphanumeric)
#
(Substitute as $$9)
# Field 10: The description. 1st character will start with a #, but that character will
#
be suppressed for reporting
#
(Substitute as $$10)
#
# Record #2:
# Script or program and options which will be launched in event threshold is exceeded
# Leave a blank line if this feature is not desired.
# WINDOWS Format:
# Both records same as above, with only exception is that fields 1-3 are replaced by the
# raw device driver. i.e.,
# \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE3 3c 11 P 1 E 0 #Time to clean the tape cartridge in Exabyte drive, rack slot #3
#
#
# Notes on substitutions
#
In addition to field substitutions, you may also use the below values:
#
$$P - Substitutes physical device path
#
$$11 - Substitutes Adapter number (same as port number, Windows only)
#
$$12 - SCSI ID of device to be queried (decimal, Windows only)
#
$$13 - SCSI LUN of device to be queried (decimal, Windows only)
#
$$14 - SCSI Path of device to be queried (decimal, Windows only) - Most but not all devices have
multiple paths
#
$$V - Substitutes the current value read that was compared against threshold
#
$$T - Substitutes event log text message that would normally be written to log
#
$$D - Substitutes date and time string in default local format for this computer
#
$$S - Substitutes time in seconds since midnight Jan 1, 1970 GMT
#
$$X$$ - Instructs SMARTMon-UX to terminate the program after invoking the script
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
162
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
$$Y$$ - Instructs SMARTMon-UX to disable threshold monitoring for this parameter
after invoking the script
$$Z$$ - Instructs SMARTMon-UX to reset the threshold to current value + 1 after
invoking the script. (Think of this as turning off the alarm)
Example usage:
echo $$D: $$12 is currently at $$V >> EventlogDev$$1:$$2.$$3
will create individual event logs for specific devices on this threshold
Other rules apply:
· The action script will be interpreted literally. If you require special characters, spaces, double or single quotes, you
must supply them.
· The program will not attempt to interpret the action script or check it for validity. It will merely make optional field
substitutions and launch the routine. It is your responsibility to first test the script so that it has the desired effect.
· The action script utilizes the library call "system" which means the script will have all permissions, priority, and
environmental variables associated with the calling routine.
· SMARTMon-UX will suspend operations until the script has been completed. If you wish to run the script in the
background and have control passed back to SMARTMon-UX immediately, append an & to the end of the script.
(This is not supported by Windows).
· There is one important characteristic of log page parameters and thresholds in general. All values use 1 to 8 bytes
to store the data, and the SCSI specification does not provide a method to report an overflow or roll over.
Information is reported as an unsigned integer. This means if the parameter you are interested in contains FFFFh (
65535 in decimal), and it is increased by one, the value reported will be zero. That is because the maximum value
that can be stored in two bytes is 65535, so it just rolls over to zero. This will normally not be a problem, because
the device manufacturers and the ANSI specification typically assign a reasonable number of bytes to prevent an
overflow from happening. If you enter a number that is larger than the overflow value for the threshold,
SMARTMon-UX will alert you and tell you the maximum number you may use.
· You may edit this file manually, but once you go down that path, do not let SMARTMon-UX programmatically
manipulate the file. Your changes may be lost.
· Lines beginning with # are treated as comments.
· SMARTMon-UX currently allows a maximum of 1024 events.
· The action script is optional, but you must still reserve a line for it. Just leave the line blank.
· Note that substitution $$11 and $$1 are valid. SMARTMon-UX looks for $$11 first, then scans for $$1. This
prevents $$1 from being executed in the event that $$11 is defined.
· If you select the "A" option to add thresholds after some are already defined for the selected device, the program
will default to these values as you run through them again.
· You can not define more than one set of thresholds for the same device through the programmatic means
described in this section. If this is what you require, you must edit the configuration file manually. You may also just
launch multiple instances of the program with different configuration files.
Option V - View all defined thresholds
This displays all defined thresholds for all devices. The devices do not have to be on-line or attached to your system.
However, if they are not attached to your system, you will not be able to make any modifications to them.
Command (Enter ? for help): V
Pollable parameters for all devices:
Device Driver
Description
Threshold PollingSec Actions Description
0
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target19Lun0
SEAGATE ST1181677FC
25
60
L
Current
temperature +/- 3 degrees C
script->"echo "Smartmon-ux event @ $$D: $$12=$$V" >> logfile$$1-$$2.$$3.log"
1
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target3Lun0
Unknown (offline)
25
60
L
Current
temperature +/- 3 degrees C
script->"echo "Smartmon-ux event @ $$D: $$12=$$V" >> logfile$$1-$$2.$$3.log"
In the case above the first entry represents parameters for our Seagate disk, but the second entry is for something
that is offline. Note that this example provides a means to keep individual running temperature log files for the two
devices. The script works for both Windows and UNIX operating systems. Note also, if you wanted to keep a current
drive temperature file that could be read by an external application, you would script something like:
echo $$V > CurrentTemperature_SeagateAdapter.$$1ID$$2.txt
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Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
163
If you wanted to create a comma-delimited file for importing into a spread sheet for graphing temperature
over time, then you would enter:
echo "$$S","$$V" >> TemperatureLogFile.txt
This would result in something like:
"23502232","30"
"23502292","30"
(Where first field is system time in seconds, and the second field is drive temperature). This shows the temperature
remained constant for the two readings that were taken 60 seconds apart.
D - Delete range of threshold entries
This option will display all defined events and prompt you for a starting and ending sequence number to delete. Once
you delete a range of entries, they will be re numbered so the remaining entries are contiguous and start at zero.
P -Purge ALL threshold entries (erase all defined thresholds)
This will delete all entries. Note that no changes will be made permanent until you save the configuration file. So if
you make a mistake and want to "unpurge" entries from a selected configuration file, quit the program and start over.
L - Load threshold entries from file
You will be prompted for a configuration file. If the file does not exist, the program will tell you and nothing will happen.
If the file does exist, these entries will be ADDED to the current list of entries. So, if you load a configuration file that
has 5 entries for a particular device twice, you will then have 10 entries for that same device. If you save the file and
invoke SMARTMon-UX with the -W option, each script will be invoked twice if the threshold condition is met.
W - Write threshold entries to file
This saves the entries into a file of your choice. By default, the file will be the name of the previously loaded
configuration file. If you have not loaded a configuration file, the default will be smartmonux-thresholds.cfg, in
the current directory. SMARTMon-UX will warn you if the file already exists and give you the choice whether or not to
replace the file or abort the operation.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. How do I launch the action in background?
Under UNIX append the script with the "&" character. Unfortunately, Windows family operating systems do not have a
method to launch command-lines in the background. That means that the action script must complete before
SMARTMon-UX resumes polling devices.
2. How can I validate the parsing of an action script without launching it?
Traditionally, you would add the word echo to the beginning of the script. Add leading/trailing single quote to it and
send the output to a scratch file that you can view.
3. Can I poll different devices at different polling intervals?
Yes. If you poll device "A" every 60 seconds and device "B" every 10 minutes, the threshold engine will perform the
desired result properly. It will, however, have to scan all events every 60 seconds because that is the greatest
common factor between the two times. Warning, if you had set device "A" to 59 seconds, but left device "B" at the 10
minute interval, the program would have to run through the list every second. That is because the greatest common
factor of the two intervals is the number one. The downside is that this will cause additional CPU overhead between
polling periods. (The overhead is still nominal, however). SMARTMon-UX sleeps every polling period, so millions or
billions of operations could be performed between each polling interval, even if it is only one second.
4. What does the output look like?
Whatever you want it to. Look at the output below which was generated by the parameters above, described in the
View All Defined Thresholds section. We wanted to see how hot drives ran after power up. The two dumps below
represent a comparison between a Seagate ST1181677FC and a Hitachi DK31 ...
D:\smartmonux\smartmon-ux -Wdavid.cfg
(kill program after 15 minutes)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
164
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
D:\smartmonux\>type *.log
logfile4-4.0.log
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Sat
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
26
23:46:32
23:47:36
23:48:36
23:49:26
23:50:28
23:51:29
23:52:30
23:53:31
23:54:32
23:55:33
23:56:34
23:57:35
23:58:36
23:59:37
00:00:38
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/-
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
C"=37"
C"=38"
C"=38"
C"=38"
C"=38"
C"=39"
C"=39"
C"=39"
C"=39"
C"=39"
C"=39"
C"=40"
C"=40"
C"=40"
C"=40"
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
@
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Fri
Sat
Sat
Sat
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
23:49:25
23:50:28
23:51:28
23:52:30
23:53:31
23:54:32
23:55:33
23:56:34
23:57:34
23:58:36
23:59:37
00:00:37
00:01:38
00:02:40
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
2002:
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
"Current
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
temperature
+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/+/-
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
degrees
C"=28"
C"=28"
C"=29"
C"=29"
C"=29"
C"=29"
C"=29"
C"=29"
C"=29"
C"=30"
C"=30"
C"=30"
C"=30"
C"=30"
logfile4-3.0.log
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
"Smartmon-ux
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
event
Note how much hotter the Seagate drives run. If you wanted to set a thermal alert, you might want to set something
like 35 degrees for the Hitachi and 45 degrees for the Seagate. You should be very concerned if the Hitachi got that
hot, as it normally runs around 30 degrees C.
5. How would I configure a script to let me know if the tape heads needed cleaning or media is nearing end of
life?
Luckily most tape drives and libraries support this configurable parameter. If you do not know if your tape supports
this, enter smartmon-ux -X+ <tape device name>. You can see sample output by clicking here 148 . If the output
contains "Passed" for either of the two fields below, you are in luck. Your tape has the ability to talk to our software
through the ANSI-standard TapeAlert specification.
Nearing Media Life
: Passed
Clean Now
: Unsupported
In addition, there are typically vendor-specific fields to report this information. First, try to just run the automated
procedure described in this section. Select your tape device, press "A" to add entries and look for a prompt indicating
time to change the media. If you get one, you would probably want to log an email alert. No need for a user-defined
script. If you have multiple tape drives, create a script such as DailyTapeHeadScript.cfg, set a polling interval of 24
hours, and configure your startup scripts to launch the job at system boot time.
If there is no known procedure to SMARTMon-UX, please read the next question.
6. I want to report a something that is not known to SMARTMon-UX. How do I do this?
First, contact us if this happens. We have over 1000 entries in our database and it only takes minutes to add more.
We are constantly adding new ones and will be happy to provide you an update if we have one.
If we do not have an update, you should contact the manufacturer of the peripheral and ask whether or not there is a
log page parameter or page that can be used to obtain this information. (Sadly, first-line technical support will be
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
165
clueless as to what you are asking for. Request an engineer that understands programming).
If you have neither the time, desire, or resources to chase whether or not it is possible to report something, contact
SANtools directly. (support@santools.com). For additional fees, we will be glad to play detective and provide you with
a script to report what you desire. We have non-disclosure agreements with most peripheral manufacturers, so we
can typically get the programming information required to meet your needs.
If you cannot wait, you must make a manual entry into the threshold file that describes the log page, parameter (or
offset), description, and byte length. We will assume you have obtained this information from the technical support
department of the device's manufacturer. Make an entry in the configuration file as documented above. Be sure to
note that the log information must be entered in hex, as that is how the manufacturer documents these settings.
7. Important note - feature change in 1.23B
With the point-release 1.23B, we made an important change in how this feature works. Before this release, the
threshold monitoring was combined with S.M.A.R.T. monitoring. The program would scan all devices, enable SMART
polling at whatever interval you defined, and concurrently do threshold monitoring at the desired intervals.
We improved the behavior by removing this additional logic. Now if you want to monitor thresholds, that is all that will
be monitored. No I/Os other than log sense I/Os (and a standard Test Unit Ready command) are sent to the device to
obtain the data you desire.
8. Important note - syntax change in 1.25 (Windows only)
With the changes required to the device naming convention that were necessitated by Microsoft's new SCSI drivers,
we were forced to change the syntax of the file for the Windows distribution. The syntax now matches the UNIX
format. If you upgrade to version 1.25 and attempt to run a configuration file that was built with a prior release of the
program, the program will detect that you are using an older-formatted file and reject the command. The quickest and
easiest way to convert the file is to edit the file with your favorite text editor and replace the first three parameters
(which originally contained the SCSI Channel, ID, and LUN) with the device path name as shown in the sample above
161 .
1.48
Verify Data
This feature was added in release 1.41. It instructs the selected disk(s) to invoke the built-in SCSI verify function.
This function is built into most disk drives and runs very quickly with near-zero host overhead. Feel free to use this on
as many drives as you wish concurrently. (You must, however, run multiple instances of the software as the program
will lock up until the current drive completes the process.
The -verify command is supported on SCSI, SAS, Fibre Channel disks under all operating systems. It is also
supported on ATA/SATA disk drives under Windows. (If you have ATA or SATA disks on other operating systems,
then check with us to see if this command is ported to your operating system.
Benefits of running SCSI Verify Function
· The -verify function runs inside of the drive firmware, so there is near-zero host overhead.
· The -verify is the fastest technique possible for the disk drive to make sure that there are no bad disk blocks.
You can verify as many disks as your hosts can support concurrently.
· Blocks go bad 24x7. This command will tell you if you have any bad blocks, regardless of whether or not the block
is being used by a file, before the operating system asks for the data. Once you know where you have corruption,
you can react accordingly. Remember, if you have RAID5 and lose a disk drive, but have a bad block on a
surviving disk, then you have 100% data loss for that chunk. Furthermore, some RAID controllers will fail a rebuild
in this situation and you could very well be left with a RAID system that will not repair itself.
Syntax
-verify -scrubv (the -scrubq makes output verbose so bad blocks and percent complete will be reported as the
drive progresses).
Example - Verifying a SCSI Drive
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
166
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
smartmon-ux -verify -scrubv \\.\PhysicalDrive2
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered HP 36.4G MAU3036NC S/N "KY010344" on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE2 (Not Enabling SMART)
[Bus/Port/ID.LUN=0/2/9.0](34732 MB)
Beginning SANtools
blocksize=512)
100%
Test completed.
verify fitness test for HP 36.4G MAU3036NC at \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE2 (71132960 blocks,
Read/Verify error summary:
Verify errors for HP 36.4G MAU3036NC at \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE2: No problems found.
Program Ended.
Example #2 - Verifying a SATA Drive
smartmon-ux -verify \\.\PhysicalDrive1
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered Maxtor 6L100P0 S/N "L23MTW0G" on \\.\PhysicalDrive1 (SMART Enabled)
The current device temperature is: 39C (102F) degrees
Beginning SANtools read/verify test for Maxtor 6L100P0 at \\.\PhysicalDrive1 (195813072 blocks,
blocksize=512)
Read/Verify error summary:
Event#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
16c0f
State
ERR
Reassignment Status
reassign failed, data invalid
AdditionalInfo
Block 93184 ERR/DEV/STAT:
00/F0/51 Error: DRDY, DSC,
ERR
1
-
219a7
ERR
reassign failed, data invalid
Block 137472 ERR/DEV/STAT:
00/F0/51 Error: DRDY, DSC,
2
-
21a19
ERR
reassign failed, data invalid
Block 137728 ERR/DEV/STAT:
00/F0/51 Error: DRDY, DSC,
ERR
ERR
Program Ended.
Feature Notes:
· The SATA disk has 3 bad blocks that are unreadable, while the SCSI disk reported no errors.
· The test completed in 6 minutes on the 36GB SCSI disk, and 25 minutes on the SATA disk.
· The SCSI disk used the additional -scrubv option which reported percent complete and estimated completion time
as it progressed.
1.49
Version and Version-Details
SMARTMon-UX has an internal database consisting of hundreds of vendor-unique fields specific to certain makes
and models of peripherals. These are used to supplement the extensive list of ANSI-standard fields that the program
queries and reports via command.
In order to determine the release number of smartmon-ux invoke the program with:
smartmon-ux -V
The response will be similar to:
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.13, Build 28-NOV-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
If you wish to view the vendor-specific fields that your release of the software is capable reporting invoke the program
as:
[root@ia64linux smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -V+
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.41, Build 1-NOV-2009] - Copyright 2001-2009 SANtools(R), Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
ANSI-defined reportable parameters for all (non IDE) devices:
Write errors corrected without substantial delay
Write errors corrected with possible delays
Total write errors
Write errors corrected
Times correction algorithm processed (on writes)
Bytes processed (on writes)
Unrecovered errors (on writes)
Read errors corrected with possible delays
Read errors corrected without substantial delay
Total read errors
Read errors corrected
Times correction algorithm processed (on reads)
Bytes processed (on reads)
Unrecovered errors (on reads)
Read errors corrected without substantial delay
Read errors corrected with possible delays
Total read errors
Read errors corrected
Times correction algorithm processed (on reads)
Bytes processed (on reads)
Unrecovered errors (on reads)
Read-reverse errors corrected without substantial delay
Read-reverse errors corrected with possible delays
Total read-reverse errors
Read-reverse errors corrected
Times correction algorithm processed (on read-reverse)
Bytes processed (on read-reverse)
Unrecovered errors (on read-reverse)
Verify errors corrected without substantial delay
Verify errors corrected with possible delays
Total verify errors
Verify errors corrected
Times correction algorithm processed (on verify)
Bytes processed (on verify)
Unrecovered errors (on verify)
Total non-medium errors
Grown defects during certification
Total blocks reallocated during format
Total new blocks reallocated
Power-on minutes since last format
Bytes received from clients during WRITEs
Number of bytes written (not counting ECC & formatting overhead)
Number of bytes read (note counting ECC & formatting overhead)
Number of bytes transferred to the initiators during READs
Tape Cleaning required - 1 indicates YES
Current temperature +/- 3 degrees C
Reference temperature +/- 3 degrees C
Results of last 3 self tests (details returned in text if not completed successfully)
Device manufactured week/year
Accounting date week/year
Specified max start-stop cycle count
Accumulated start-stop cycles
Specified max load-unload cycle count
Accumulated load-unload cycles
Full TapeAlert information (detailed messages on failure/warning conditions)
Buffer over-run & cause & count info (detailed message)
Buffer under-run & cause & count info (detailed message)
Defined Vendor-specific information for below device families: (All numeric unless otherwise marked)
(COMPAQ) BD0366459B
Total read/write I/Os:
(Any) MAX3073NC
Unknown #1:
Unknown #2:
Unknown #3:
Unknown #4:
BYTE:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
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SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Exabyte 110L*,Exabyte 215*,Exabyte 221L*,Exabyte 430*:
Total number of moves:
Total number of pick retries:
Total number of put retries:
Total number of scans:
Total number of scan retries:
Total number of scan failures:
Total number of entry/exit port cycles:
Total rotate retries:
Total position to element retries:
Total suspended reads:
Total fatal suspended reads:
Door closed (0=NO, 1=YES):
Door locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reach position code number:
Cartridge seated (0=NO, 1=YES):
Wrist front (0=NO, 1=YES):
Wrist back (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port caddy present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port caddy locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
X-Axis end of tape (0=NO, 1=YES):
X-Axis home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Magazine 1 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Magazine 2 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Library fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 1 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 2 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 3 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 4 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Cartridge scan retries:
Wrist axis position:
Horizontal axis position:
Total loads:
Total reloads:
Total pick retries:
Total push retries:
(EXABYTE) EXB-8505*
KB of data transferred to data compressor:
KB of data transferred to tape:
Total load count:
Minutes since last clean:
Cleaning count:
Time to clean (0=NO, 1=YES):
(EXABYTE) EXB-440*,EXB-480*
Total number of moves:
Total number of pick retries:
Total number of put retries:
Total number of scans:
Total number of scan retries:
Total number of scan failures:
Total number of entry/exit port cycles:
Total rotate retries:
Total position to element retries:
Total suspended reads:
Total fatal suspended reads:
Door closed (0=NO, 1=YES):
Door locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reach position code number:
Cartridge seated (0=NO, 1=YES):
Wrist front (0=NO, 1=YES):
Wrist back (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port caddy present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port caddy locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
X-Axis end of tape (0=NO, 1=YES):
X-Axis home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Magazine 1 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Magazine 2 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Library fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 1 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Drive 2 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 3 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 4 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Cartridge scan retries:
Wrist axis position:
Horizontal axis position:
(EXABYTE) EXB-8900*
Tape ID:
Current blocks written:
Current blocks rewritten:
Current blocks read:
Current blocks ECC'd:
Current write retries:
Current read retries:
Current tracking retries:
Current data underruns:
Current data overruns:
Current rewinds:
Current max temperature (C):
Current drive serial number:
Previous blocks written:
Previous blocks rewritten:
Previous blocks read:
Previous blocks ECC'd:
Previous write retries:
Previous read retries:
Previous tracking retries:
Previous data underruns:
Previous data overruns:
Previous rewinds:
Previous max temperature (C):
Previous drive serial number:
Lifetime blocks written:
Lifetime blocks rewritten:
Lifetime blocks read:
Lifetime blocks ECC'd:
Lifetime write retries:
Lifetime read retries:
Lifetime tracking retries:
Lifetime data underruns:
Lifetime data overruns:
Lifetime rewinds:
Lifetime max temperature (C):
Lifetime load count:
Lifetime maximum tape pass count:
KB of data transferred to data compressor:
KB of data transferred to tape:
Total blocks written to drive over lifetime:
Total blocks rewritten to drive over lifetime:
Total blocks read from drive over lifetime:
Total blocks ECC corrections on drive over lifetime:
Total blocks reread from drive over lifetime:
Total load cycles over lifetime of drive:
# of minutes since last clean:
# motion minutes of powered time over lifetime of drive:
# minutes of tensioned time over lifetime of drive:
Cleaning count:
Time to clean tape drive (1=YES):
Drive temperature (C):
(EXABYTE) Exabyte EZ-17*
Total number of moves:
Total number of pick retries:
Total number of put retries:
Total number of theta retries:
Magazine present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Cartridge ejected (0=NO, 1=YES):
Theta home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Cartridge seated (0=NO, 1=YES):
Wrist front (0=NO, 1=YES):
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
169
170
Total
Total
Total
Theta
Total
Total
Total
Total
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
puts:
put retries:
pick retries:
axis position:
loads:
reloads:
pluck retries:
short reloads:
(EXABYTE) Exabyte X80*,Exabyte X200*
Total number of moves:
Total number of pick retries:
Total number of put retries:
Total number of scans:
Total number of scan retries:
Total number of scan failures:
Total number of entry/exit port cycles:
Door closed (0=NO, 1=YES):
Key locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
Gripper home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Cartridge seated (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum Index:
Entry/exit port home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port limit (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power distribution fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 1 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 2 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 3 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 4 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 5 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 6 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 7 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 8 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 9 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drive 10 fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Top power supply fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Bottom power supply fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Temperature - degrees C:
+12V:
-12V:
+24V:
+5V:
Humidity:
Total puts:
Total put retries:
Total pick retries:
Cartridge scan retries:
Vertical axis position:
Reach axis position:
Drum axis position:
Horizontal axis position:
Total loads:
Total reloads:
Total double picks:
(EXABYTE) Magnum20*
Total number of moves:
Total number of pick retries:
Total number of put retries:
Total number of scans:
Total number of scan retries:
Total number of scan failures:
Total number of entry/exit port cycles:
Total rotate retries:
Total position to element retries:
Door closed (0=NO, 1=YES):
Door locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
Gripper Home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Cartridge seated - tape in robot (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port caddy present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port caddy locked (0=NO, 1=YES):
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Entry/exit port caddy unlocked (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port installed (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port home (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port retracted - caddy present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port extended - caddy removed (0=NO, 1=YES):
Entry/exit port door closed (0=NO, 1=YES):
All drive bays occupied (0=NO, 1=YES):
Upper library fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Lower library fan fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 1 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 1 good (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 2 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 2 good (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 3 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 3 good (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 4 present (0=NO, 1=YES):
Power supply 4 good (0=NO, 1=YES):
Total puts:
Total put retries:
Total pick retries:
Total scan retries:
Reach axis position:
Swivel axis position:
Vertical axis position:
Total loads:
Total reloads:
Total pick retries:
Total push retries:
(EXABYTE) Mammoth2*
Tape ID:
Current blocks written:
Current blocks rewritten:
Current blocks read:
Current blocks ECC'd:
Current write retries:
Current read retries:
Current tracking retries:
Current data underruns:
Current data overruns:
Current rewinds:
Current max temperature (C):
Current drive serial number:
Previous blocks written:
Previous blocks rewritten:
Previous blocks read:
Previous blocks ECC'd:
Previous write retries:
Previous read retries:
Previous tracking retries:
Previous data underruns:
Previous data overruns:
Previous rewinds:
Previous max temperature (C):
Previous drive serial number:
Lifetime blocks written:
Lifetime blocks rewritten:
Lifetime blocks read:
Lifetime blocks ECC'd:
Lifetime write retries:
Lifetime read retries:
Lifetime tracking retries:
Lifetime data underruns:
Lifetime data overruns:
Lifetime rewinds:
Lifetime max temperature (C):
Lifetime load count:
Lifetime maximum tape pass count:
Lifetime SmartClean cycles:
KB of data transferred to data compressor:
KB of data transferred to tape:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
171
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SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Total blocks written to drive over lifetime:
Total blocks rewritten to drive over lifetime:
Total blocks read from drive over lifetime:
Total blocks ECC corrections on drive over lifetime:
Total blocks reread from drive over lifetime:
Total load cycles over lifetime of drive:
# of minutes since last clean:
# motion minutes of powered time over lifetime of drive:
# minutes of tensioned time over lifetime of drive:
Cleaning count:
Time to clean tape drive (1=YES):
Drive temperature (C):
(EXABYTE) VXA AutoPak *
Total number of minutes autoloader powered up over lifetime:
Total number of power-ups over autoloader's lifetime:
Total number of flash updates over lifetime:
(EXABYTE) VXA TAPE VXA-1*
Cumulative number of bytes written to tape:
Cumulative number of bytes read from tape:
Cumulative number of compressed user bytes written to tape:
Cumulative number of compressed user bytes read from tape:
Current device temperature:
Maximum device temperature this power on:
Maximum device temperature for lifetime of drive:
Minimum device temperature this power on:
Minimum device temperature for lifetime of drive:
Cumulative bytes written x 10000h on this tape:
Cumulative bytes read x 10000h from this tape:
Cumulative number of rewrites to this tape:
Cumulative number of rereads from this tape:
Cumulative blocks ECC corrected on this tape:
Cumulative number of times this tape was paused:
Cumulative number of rewinds on this tape:
Number of tape repartitions:
Current drive serial number:
Previous bytes written x 10000h to tape:
Previous bytes read x 10000h from tape:
Previous # of rewrites:
Previous # of rereads:
Previous # of blocks ECC corrected:
Previous # of times device paused:
Previous # of rewinds:
Previous # of tape repartitions:
Previous drive serial number:
Lifetime bytes written x 10000h to all tapes:
Lifetime bytes read x 10000h from all tapes:
Lifetime # of rewrites to all tapes:
Lifetime # of rereads from all tapes:
Lifetime # of blocks ECC corrected from all tapes:
Lifetime # of times device paused on all tapes:
Lifetime # of rewinds on all tapes:
Lifetime # of tape repartitions on all tapes:
Lifetime load count:
Initial drive serial number:
Tape serial number:
Last FSC for tape 0 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 0:
ID of tape 0:
Last FSC for tape 1 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 1:
ID of tape 1:
Last FSC for tape 2 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 2:
ID of tape 2:
Last FSC for tape 3 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 3:
ID of tape 3:
Last FSC for tape 4 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 4:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
ID of tape 4:
(EXABYTE) VXA TAPE VXA-2*
Cumulative number of bytes written to tape:
Cumulative number of bytes read from tape:
Cumulative number of compressed user bytes written to tape:
Cumulative number of compressed user bytes read from tape:
Number of KB remaining on tape in partition 0:
Number of KB remaining on tape in partition 1:
Maximum KB that might be written to partition 0:
Maximum KB that might be written to partition 1:
Current device temperature:
Maximum device temperature this power on:
Maximum device temperature for lifetime of drive:
Minimum device temperature this power on:
Minimum device temperature for lifetime of drive:
Number of minutes the drive has had tape tensioned in its lifetime:
Number of minutes the drive has had tape tensioned since a cleaning tape was last used:
Number of times a cleaning cartridge has been used on the drive in its lifetime:
Cumulative bytes written x 10000h on this tape:
Cumulative bytes read x 10000h from this tape:
Cumulative number of rewrites to this tape:
Cumulative number of rereads from this tape:
Cumulative blocks ECC corrected on this tape:
Cumulative number of times this tape was paused:
Cumulative number of rewinds on this tape:
Number of tape repartitions:
Current drive serial number:
Previous bytes written x 10000h to tape:
Previous bytes read x 10000h from tape:
Previous # of rewrites:
Previous # of rereads:
Previous # of blocks ECC corrected:
Previous # of times device paused:
Previous # of rewinds:
Previous # of tape repartitions:
Previous drive serial number:
Lifetime bytes written x 10000h to all tapes:
Lifetime bytes read x 10000h from all tapes:
Lifetime # of rewrites to all tapes:
Lifetime # of rereads from all tapes:
Lifetime # of blocks ECC corrected from all tapes:
Lifetime # of times device paused on all tapes:
Lifetime # of rewinds on all tapes:
Lifetime # of tape repartitions on all tapes:
Lifetime load count:
Initial drive serial number:
Tape serial number:
Last FSC for tape 0 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 0:
ID of tape 0:
Last FSC for tape 1 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 1:
ID of tape 1:
Last FSC for tape 2 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 2:
ID of tape 2:
Last FSC for tape 3 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 3:
ID of tape 3:
Last FSC for tape 4 - least recent:
Last motion command for tape 4:
ID of tape 4:
(FUJITSU) MAP3367*,MAP3735*,MAP3147*,MAS3367*,MAS3735*,MAT*,MAU*
SMART status page, most significant byte:
SMART data page, most significant byte:
(Any) HP35470*,HP35480*,C1533*,C1534*,C1536*,C1537*,C1539*,C1553*,C1557*,C5683A*,C5713A*
Current number of Groups Written:
Current number of RAW Retries:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
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SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Current number of Groups Read:
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Remaining capacity in KB, partition 0:
Remaining capacity in KB, partition 1:
Maximum capacity it KB, partition 0:
Maximum capacity in KB, partition 1:
Number of frames written:
Main data C1 block write errors (positive tracks):
Main data C1 block write errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block write errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block write errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block write errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block write errors (negative tracks):
Number of frames read:
Main data C1 block read errors (positive tracks):
Main data C1 block read errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block read errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block read errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block read errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block read errors (negative tracks):
Total read retry count (frame logs only):
Total Read C2 uncorrectable blocks:
Number of groups that have not been successfully written because of drive failure:
Number of groups that have not been successfully read because of drive failure:
Faulty 12V (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum has lost lock (0=NO, 1=YES):
Mode sensor fault (0=NO, 1=YES):
Tension too low (0=NO, 1=YES):
Bad diameter (0=NO, 1=YES):
Capstan stalled (0=NO, 1=YES):
Failed serial transfer (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum stalled (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum has lost lock (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum PG lost (0=NO, 1=YES):
Tension too high (unable to calibrate tracking) (0=NO, 1=YES):
Mode expected lurking (0=NO, 1=YES):
Mode time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Capstan stop time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reels stop time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck threading (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck capstan mode (0=NO, 1=YES):
Capstan clean slip (0=NO, 1=YES):
Take-up reel struck capstan mode (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reels stuck reel mode (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reels spinning threading (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum stop time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Calibration error (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
ROM check fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
Take-up reel spin during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
Take-up reel spin during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
Download incompatible (0=NO, 1=YES):
Servo busy (0=NO, 1=YES):
Servo hung (0=NO, 1=YES):
Number of entities written:
Number of entities read:
Number of records written:
Number of records read:
Kilobytes to data compression:
Kilobytes from data compression:
Kilobytes to tape:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Kilobytes from tape:
Logical entity size:
Physical entity size:
Uncompressed entities:
(Any) C7438A*
Faulty 12V (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum has lost lock (0=NO, 1=YES):
Mode sensor fault (0=NO, 1=YES):
Tension too low (0=NO, 1=YES):
Bad diameter (0=NO, 1=YES):
Capstan stalled (0=NO, 1=YES):
Failed serial transfer (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum stalled (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum has lost lock (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum PG lost (0=NO, 1=YES):
Tension too high (unable to calibrate tracking) (0=NO, 1=YES):
Mode expected lurking (0=NO, 1=YES):
Mode time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Capstan stop time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reels stop time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck threading (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck capstan mode (0=NO, 1=YES):
Capstan clean slip (0=NO, 1=YES):
Take-up reel struck capstan mode (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reels stuck reel mode (0=NO, 1=YES):
Reels spinning threading (0=NO, 1=YES):
Drum stop time-out (0=NO, 1=YES):
Calibration error (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
ROM check fail (0=NO, 1=YES):
Supply reel stuck during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
Take-up reel spin during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
Take-up reel spin during motion (0=NO, 1=YES):
Download incompatible (0=NO, 1=YES):
Servo busy (0=NO, 1=YES):
Servo hung (0=NO, 1=YES):
Current number of Groups Written:
Current number of RAW Retries:
Current number of Groups Read:
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Remaining capacity in KB, partition 0:
Remaining capacity in KB, partition 1:
Maximum capacity it KB, partition 0:
Maximum capacity in KB, partition 1:
Number of frames written:
Main data C1 block write errors (positive tracks):
Main data C1 block write errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block write errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block write errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block write errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block write errors (negative tracks):
Number of frames read:
Main data C1 block read errors (positive tracks):
Main data C1 block read errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block read errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block read errors (positive tracks):
Sub area 0 C1 block read errors (negative tracks):
Sub area 1 C1 block read errors (negative tracks):
Total read retry count (frame logs only):
Total Read C2 uncorrectable blocks:
Number of entities written:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
175
176
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Number of entities read:
Number of records written:
Number of records read:
Kilobytes to data compression:
Kilobytes from data compression:
Kilobytes to tape:
Kilobytes from tape:
Logical entity size:
Physical entity size:
Uncompressed entities:
(HITACHI) DK31CJ*,DK32CJ*,DK32DJ*
Non-medium track following errors:
Non-medium positioning errors:
(HITACHI) DK32EJ*,HUS103030*,HUS103014*,HUS103073*,HUS103036*
Non-medium track following errors:
Non-medium positioning errors:
Specified cycle count over device lifetime (nonvolatile):
Accumulated cycle count over device lifetime:
Power on time (in minutes):
Next S.M.A.R.T. Measurement time:
(HITACHI) HUS??????VLS300
Invalid DWORD count:
Disparity error count:
Loss of DWORD sync count:
Phy reset problem count:
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Device cache read misses:
Power on time (in hours):
Max drive temp (C):
GLIST size:
Number of PFA Occurrences:
Total read commands:
Total write commands:
(HITACHI) HUC101???CSS300,HUS??????VLF?00,HUS??????VL3?00
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Device cache read misses:
Power on time (in hours):
Max drive temp (C):
GLIST size:
Number of PFA Occurrences:
Total read commands:
Total write commands:
(HITACHI) HUC1030*,HUS1514*
# of Zero-length seeks:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Device cache read misses:
B 0004 %d Device cache read misses:
DG146BAAJB:
Invalid DWORD count:
Disparity error count:
Loss of DWORD sync count:
Phy reset problem count:
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Device cache read misses:
Power on time (in hours):
Max drive temp (C):
GLIST size:
Number of PFA Occurrences:
Total read commands:
Total write commands:
not retrieved on pass:
write but buffer empty:
not retrieved on pass:
write but buffer empty:
(IBM*) 03570*
# of blocks corrected on writes for cartridge:
Servo transient condition count on writes for cartridge:
# of RDF/ECC transient conditions on writes for cartridge:
# of write velocity errors on cartridge:
# of servo data acquisition write errors on cartridge:
# of RDF data acquisition write errors on cartridge:
# of servo data write errors on cartridge:
# of ECC data write errors on cartridge:
# of total write retries on cartridge:
# of Belcord Actions on writes on cartridge:
# of servo demark blocks written on cartridge:
# of volume control region write errors on cartridge:
# of blocks lifted for writes on cartridge:
# of write gap misses on cartridge:
# of blocks corrected on reads for cartridge:
Servo transient condition count on reads for cartridge:
# of RDF/ECC transient conditions on reads for cartridge:
# of read velocity errors on cartridge:
# of servo data acquisition read errors on cartridge:
# of RDF data acquisition read errors on cartridge:
# of servo data read errors on cartridge:
# of ECC data read errors on cartridge:
# of total sequence read errors on cartridge:
# of total read opposite errors on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read on cartridge:
# of servo (set too high) read errors on cartridge:
# of servo (set too low) read errors on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (dead reckoning nominal) on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (dead reckoning high) on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (dead reckoning low) on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (filter coefficients changed) on cartridge:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
177
178
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
# of recovered read errors (opposite gap) on cartridge:
# of total read retries on cartridge:
# of Belcord Actions on reads on cartridge:
# of volume control region read errors on cartridge:
# of cartridge initialization errors on tape load:
# of read gap misses on cartridge:
# of servo demarks read on cartridge:
# of blocks corrected on read reverses for cartridge:
Servo transient condition count on read reverses for cartridge:
# of RDF/ECC transient conditions on read reverses for cartridge:
# of read reverse velocity errors on cartridge:
# of servo data acquisition read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of RDF data acquisition read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of servo data read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of ECC data read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of total sequence read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of total read reverse opposite errors on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read reverse on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read reverse on cartridge:
# of servo (set too high) read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of servo (set too low) read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (dead reckoning nominal) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (dead reckoning high) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (dead reckoning low) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (filter coefficients changed) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (opposite gap) on cartridge:
# of total read reverse retries on cartridge:
# of Belcord Actions on read reverse on cartridge:
# of volume control region read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of cartridge initialization read reverse errors on tape load:
# of read reverse gap misses on cartridge:
# of servo demarks read reverse on cartridge:
# of SCSI write blocks processed:
# of SCSI write Kbytes processed:
# of SCSI read blocks processed:
# of SCSI read Kbytes processed:
# of device write blocks processed:
# of device write Kbytes processed:
# of device read blocks processed:
# of device read Kbytes processed:
# of device write blocks transferred:
# of device write Kbytes transferred:
# of device read blocks transferred:
# of device read Kbytes transferred:
Nominal capacity of partition in Kbytes:
Fractional part of partition currently traversed:
Nominal capacity of the volume in Kbytes:
Fractional part of the volume currently traversed:
# of SCSI protocol errors:
# of SCSI aborts:
# of SCSI bus resets:
# of operator panel errors:
# of SCSI protocol chip errors:
# of SCSI buffer errors:
# of compactor errors:
# of formatter errors:
# of data flow hardware errors:
# of ECC hardware errors:
# of analog hardware errors:
# of mailbox interface errors:
# of library errors:
# of library failures of put to drive actions:
# of library failures of get from drive actions:
# of library failures of put to magazine actions:
# of library failures of get from magazine actions:
# of library failures of put to priority cell actions:
# of library failures of get from priority cell actions:
# of library pinch motor errors:
# of library feed motor errors:
# of library elevator motor errors:
# of library moves:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
# of library recalibrations:
# of library drive mounts:
# of library priority cell mounts:
# of library magazine cell mounts:
# of library cleaning mounts to device:
# of library volume lifetime mounts:
Volume lifetime megabytes written:
Volume lifetime megabytes read:
# of drive lifetime mounts:
# of drive lifetime megabytes written:
# of drive lifetime megabytes read:
(IBM*) ULT3580*
Thread count:
Total data sets written:
Total write retries:
Total unrecovered write errors:
Total suspended writes:
Total fatal suspended writes:
Total data sets read:
Total read retries:
Total unrecovered read errors:
Total suspended reads:
Total fatal suspended reads:
Main partition remaining capacity (megabytes):
Alternate partition remaining capacity (megabytes):
Main partition maximum capacity (megabytes):
Alternate partition maximum capacity (megabytes):
Read compression ratio x 100:
Write compression ratio x 100:
Megabytes transferred to server:
Bytes transferred to server:
Megabytes read from tape:
Bytes read from tape:
Megabytes transferred from server:
Bytes transferred from server:
Megabytes written to tape:
Bytes written to tape:
(IBM*) 03590*
# of blocks corrected on writes for cartridge:
Servo transient condition count on writes for cartridge:
# of RDF/ECC transient conditions on writes for cartridge:
# of write velocity errors on cartridge:
# of servo data acquisition write errors on cartridge:
# of RDF data acquisition write errors on cartridge:
# of servo data write errors on cartridge:
# of ECC data write errors on cartridge:
# of total write retries on cartridge:
# of Belcord Actions on writes on cartridge:
# of servo demark blocks written on cartridge:
# of volume control region write errors on cartridge:
# of blocks lifted for writes on cartridge:
# of write gap misses on cartridge:
# of blocks corrected on reads for cartridge:
Servo transient condition count on reads for cartridge:
# of RDF/ECC transient conditions on reads for cartridge:
# of read velocity errors on cartridge:
# of servo data acquisition read errors on cartridge:
# of RDF data acquisition read errors on cartridge:
# of servo data read errors on cartridge:
# of ECC data read errors on cartridge:
# of total sequence read errors on cartridge:
# of total read opposite errors on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read on cartridge:
# of servo (set too high) read errors on cartridge:
# of servo (set too low) read errors on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (dead reckoning nominal) on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (dead reckoning high) on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (dead reckoning low) on cartridge:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
179
180
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
# of recovered read errors (filter coefficients changed) on cartridge:
# of recovered read errors (opposite gap) on cartridge:
# of total read retries on cartridge:
# of Belcord Actions on reads on cartridge:
# of volume control region read errors on cartridge:
# of cartridge initialization errors on tape load:
# of read gap misses on cartridge:
# of servo demarks read on cartridge:
# of blocks corrected on read reverses for cartridge:
Servo transient condition count on read reverses for cartridge:
# of RDF/ECC transient conditions on read reverses for cartridge:
# of read reverse velocity errors on cartridge:
# of servo data acquisition read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of RDF data acquisition read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of servo data read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of ECC data read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of total sequence read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of total read reverse opposite errors on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read reverse on cartridge:
# of times tension adjusted higher than normal for read reverse on cartridge:
# of servo (set too high) read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of servo (set too low) read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (dead reckoning nominal) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (dead reckoning high) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (dead reckoning low) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (filter coefficients changed) on cartridge:
# of recovered read reverse errors (opposite gap) on cartridge:
# of total read reverse retries on cartridge:
# of Belcord Actions on read reverse on cartridge:
# of volume control region read reverse errors on cartridge:
# of cartridge initialization read reverse errors on tape load:
# of read reverse gap misses on cartridge:
# of servo demarks read reverse on cartridge:
# of SCSI write blocks processed:
# of SCSI write Kbytes processed:
# of SCSI read blocks processed:
# of SCSI read Kbytes processed:
# of device write blocks processed:
# of device write Kbytes processed:
# of device read blocks processed:
# of device read Kbytes processed:
# of device write blocks transferred:
# of device write Kbytes transferred:
# of device read blocks transferred:
# of device read Kbytes transferred:
Nominal capacity of partition in Kbytes:
Fractional part of partition currently traversed:
Nominal capacity of the volume in Kbytes:
Fractional part of the volume currently traversed:
# of SCSI protocol errors (port 0):
# of SCSI aborts (port 0):
# of SCSI bus resets (port 0):
# of SCSI protocol errors (port 0):
# of SCSI aborts (port 0):
# of SCSI bus resets (port 0):
# of operator panel errors:
# of SCSI protocol chip errors:
# of SCSI buffer errors:
# of compactor errors:
# of formatter errors:
# of data flow hardware errors:
# of ECC hardware errors:
# of analog hardware errors:
# of mailbox interface errors:
# of library errors:
# of library failures of put to drive actions:
# of library failures of get from drive actions:
# of library failures of put to magazine actions:
# of library failures of get from magazine actions:
# of library failures of put to priority cell actions:
# of library failures of get from priority cell actions:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
# of library pinch motor errors:
# of library feed motor errors:
# of library elevator motor errors:
# of library moves:
# of library recalibrations:
# of library drive mounts:
# of library priority cell mounts:
# of library magazine cell mounts:
# of library cleaning mounts to device:
# of library volume lifetime mounts:
Volume lifetime megabytes written:
Volume lifetime megabytes read:
# of drive lifetime mounts:
# of drive lifetime megabytes written:
# of drive lifetime megabytes read:
(IBM*) DFHC*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
(IBM*) DCHC*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
(IBM*) DGHC*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Current temperature (in centigrade):
(IBM*) DGHS*,DGVS*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
181
182
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Device cache fast writes:
Temperature (Centigrade):
(IBM*) DRHS*,DRVS*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Temperature (Centigrade):
(IBM*) DMV*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Cumulative Cache Full hits on reads:
Cumulative Cache Partial hits on reads:
Cumulative Cache Misses on reads:
Temperature (Centigrade):
(IBM OEM) DFHS*,DFMS*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
(IBM OEM) DRHL*,DRVL*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
Temperature (Centigrade):
(IBM OEM) DCHS*,DCMS*
# of Zero-length seeks:
# Seeks >= 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/3 and < 2/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 1/6 and < 1/3 of disk:
# Seeks >= 0 and < 1/6 of disk:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
# Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 of disk:
Overrun counter - times data available but not retrieved on pass:
Underrun counter - times disk was ready to write but buffer empty:
Device cache full read hits:
Device cache partial read hits:
Device cache write hits:
Device cache fast writes:
(ENGENIO) *
Time (ms) since last statistical reset:
LUN abort count:
Logical unit driver version: (alphanumeric)
Total requests serviced:
Total number of blocks requested:
Number of read requests:
Read requests - number of blocks:
Number of write requests:
Write requests - number of blocks:
Percentage of reads to total IOs (0 to 100):
Average number of blocks requested:
Quick check of cache hits:
Quick check cache hits number of blocks:
Number of reads treated as large read:
Large read - number of blocks:
Number of writes treated as large writes:
Large writes - number of blocks:
Total number of stripes read:
Total number of clusters read:
Total number of stripes written:
Total number of clusters written:
Total number of grouped write operations:
Number of reads/writes using alg. 1:
Number of reads/writes using alg. 2:
Number of reads/writes using alg. 3:
Number of reads/writes using alg. 4:
Number of reads/writes using alg. 5:
Number of reads/writes using alg. 6:
Number of data repair operations attempted:
Number of data repair reconstructs successes:
Number of failed repair requests:
Number of RPA requests:
Total RPA request width:
Total RPA request depth:
Total number cache read requests:
Total number of cache read current data requests:
Total number of cache read requests for old data:
Total number of cache read requests for current parity:
Total number of cache read requests for old parity:
Total number of disk reads from cache:
Total number cache read checks:
Total number of cache read check hits:
Total number of cache full segment over writes:
Total number of cache partial segment over writes:
Total number of write requests from cache:
Busy/queue full count:
Host Interface errors count:
Current queue depth:
Non simple Q-Tag count:
Host driver reselect request count:
Host driver interrupt count:
Total number of SCSI structures:
Number of SCSI structures in use:
Total number of ISRs:
Total of interrupts serviced on fly:
(RAID Controller) cumulative time (in ms) since last statistical reset:
(Host interface) Busy/queue full count:
(Host interface) Source errors count:
(Host interface) Non simple Q-Tag count:
(Host interface) Src driver reselect request count:
(Host interface) Src driver interrupt count:
(Host interface) Error count by initiator:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
183
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SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
(Controller) Total requests serviced:
(Controller) Total number blocks requested:
(Controller) Number of read requests:
(Controller) Read requests number of blocks:
(Controller) Number of write requests:
(Controller) Write requests number of blocks:
(Controller) Quick check cache hits:
(Controller) Quick check cache hits number of blocks:
(Controller) Number of reads treated as large read:
(Controller) Large read number of blocks:
(Controller) Number of writes treated as large writes:
(Controller) Large write number of blocks:
(Controller) Total number of complete stripes read:
(Controller) Total number of clusters read:
(Controller) Total number of complete stripes written:
(Controller) Total number of clusters written:
(Controller) Total number of grouped write operations:
(Controller) Number of reads/writes using alg. 1:
(Controller) Number of reads/writes using alg. 2:
(Controller) Number of reads/writes using alg. 3:
(Controller) Number of reads/writes using alg. 4:
(Controller) Number of reads/writes using alg. 5:
(Controller) Number of reads/writes using alg. 6:
(Controller) Number of data repair operations attempted:
(Controller) Number of data repair reconstructs successes:
(Controller) Number of failed repair requests:
(Controller) Number of RPA requests:
(Controller) Avg. RPA request width:
(Controller) Avg. RPA request depth:
(Controller) Total number cache read requests:
(Controller) Total number of cache read current data requests:
(Controller) Total number of cache read requests for old data:
(Controller) Total number of cache read requests for current parity:
(Controller) Total number of cache read requests for old parity:
(Controller) Total number of disk reads from cache:
(Controller) Total number cache read checks:
(Controller) Total number of cache read check hits:
(Controller) Total number of cache full segment over writes:
(Controller) Total number of cache partial segment over writes:
(Controller) Total number of write requests from cache:
Total number of SCSI structures:
Number of SCSI Structures in use:
Total number of ISRs:
Total of interrupts serviced on fly:
(QUANTUM) UHDL*
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
Total number of
superloader moves:
drive loads:
mail slot imports:
mail slot exports:
magazine moves:
magazine loads:
servo hard errors:
drive soft errors:
left magazine soft errors:
right magazine soft errors:
mail slot soft errors:
rotation recovery actions:
translation recovery actions:
left magazine recovery actions:
right magazine recovery actions:
(QUANTUM) SUPERDLT1*,SDLT 320*
Total write errors since last read:
Total write error flags:
Total dropout error count (on writes):
Total servo tracking errors (on writes):
Total dropout error count (on writes):
Total read errors since last write:
Read compression ratio x 100:
Write compression ratio x 100:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
185
Total MB transferred to host:
Total bytes transferred to host:
Total MB read from tape:
Total bytes read from tape:
Total MB transferred from host:
Total bytes transferred from host:
Total MB written to tape:
Total bytes written to tape:
Cleaning status mask (4=Required, 2=Requested, 1=Cleaning tape expired):
Total loads over lifetime of drive:
Drive temperature in degrees C:
Media ID of most recently used cartridge:
Controller serial number (least significant 16 bits):
Drive cleaning cycle count:
(SEAGATE) CTT8000*,STT2000*
ECC Corrections on even tracks:
ECC Corrections on odd tracks:
Read retries on even tracks:
Read retries on odd tracks:
(Any)
S?173404F*,S?318304F*,S?318451F*,S?318453F*,S?336605F*,S?336704F*,S?373405F*,S?336753F*,S?373453F*,S?3146707
F*,S?3300007F*,S?373207F*,S?3146854F*,S?373454F*,S?336754F*,ST373207FC
Port receiving this command 0=A, 1=B:
Port A link failure count:
Port A loss of synchronization count:
Port A invalid transmission word count:
Port A invalid CRC count:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive generated from Port A:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive received on Port A:
# of failure LIPs that this drive generated from Port A:
# of failure LIPs that this drive received on Port A:
Port B link failure count:
Port B loss of synchronization count:
Port B invalid transmission word count:
Port B invalid CRC count:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive generated from Port B:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive received on Port B:
# of failure LIPs that this drive generated from Port B:
# of failure LIPs that this drive received on Port B:
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any)
S?136403F*,ST3146807F*,ST3146855F*,S?318452F*,S?373307F*,ST373455F*,ST3300655F*,S?336607F*,S?336752F*
Port receiving this command 0=A, 1=B:
Port A link failure count:
Port A loss of synchronization count:
Port A invalid transmission word count:
Port A invalid CRC count:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive generated from Port A:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive received on Port A:
# of failure LIPs that this drive generated from Port A:
# of failure LIPs that this drive received on Port A:
Port B link failure count:
Port B loss of synchronization count:
Port B invalid transmission word count:
Port B invalid CRC count:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive generated from Port B:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive received on Port B:
# of failure LIPs that this drive generated from Port B:
# of failure LIPs that this drive received on Port B:
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
186
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any)
ST3146707L*,ST3300007L*,ST373207LW,ST373454SS,ST3400755SS,ST973401SS,ST936701SS,,S?19171L,S?318432L*,S?31843
6*,S?318452L*,S?39226*,S?39236*,S?39175*,S?39173*,S?336732L*,S?336752L*,ST973?01SS,DG072A8B54*,ST3400755F*,S
T330095F*,ST3146356SS,ST3300656SS,ST3450856SS,ST3450856F*,ST3300656F*,ST3146356F*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any) S?136404L*
Logical blocks
Logical blocks
Logical blocks
Number of read
Number of read
sent to initiators:
received from initiators:
read from cache, sent to initiators:
and write commands <= current segment size:
and write commands > current segment size:
(Any) S?1181677F*
Port receiving this command 0=A, 1=B:
Port A link failure count:
Port A loss of synchronization count:
Port A invalid transmission word count:
Port A invalid CRC count:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive generated from Port A:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive received on Port A:
# of failure LIPs that this drive generated from Port A:
# of failure LIPs that this drive received on Port A:
Port B link failure count:
Port B loss of synchronization count:
Port B invalid transmission word count:
Port B invalid CRC count:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive generated from Port B:
# of initialize LIPs that this drive received on Port B:
# of failure LIPs that this drive generated from Port B:
# of failure LIPs that this drive received on Port B:
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
(Any)
ST310000640SS,ST3146854SS,ST3146855SS,ST3300655SS,ST336754SS,ST373451SS,ST37344SS,ST373455SS,ST3750630SS,ST3
500620SS,ST9146802SS,ST396751SS,ST973451SS,ST936751SS,ST973402SS
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any)
BD0096349A,BD018122C0,S?1181677L*,S?173404L*,S?3146807L*,S?318203L,S?318233*,S?318404L*,S?318406L*,S?318405*
,S?318451L*,S?318453L*,S?336605L*,S?336607L*,S?336704L*,S?336706L*,S?336705L*,S?336753L*,S?373307L*,S?373405
L*,S?373453L*,S?39133*,S?39204L*,S?39205L*,S?39251L*,S?3146854L*,S?373454L*,S?336754L*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Cumulative drive power-on minutes:
Time in minutes until next scheduled SMART test:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
187
(Any) S?318305L*
Year, week this device was manufactured:
Specified max start-stop cycle count:
Accumulated start-stop cycles:
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any) S?318405L*,ST150176F*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any) S?118273*,S?34573*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
(Any)
S?136475*,S?150176L,S?318275*,S?318417*,S?318418*,S?318438*,S?31975*,S?32171*,S?32271*,S?32272*,S?336737*,S?
336918*,S?336938*,S?34371*,S?34571*,S?34572*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
(Any) S?118202L*,S?19101N*,S?19101W*,S?34501N*,S?34501W*,S?34502L*,S?39102*,S?39103F*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
(Any) S?118202F*,S?34501F*
Logical blocks sent to initiators:
Logical blocks received from initiators:
Logical blocks read from cache, sent to initiators:
Number of read and write commands <= current segment size:
Number of read and write commands > current segment size:
Power-on time in minutes:
Time in minutes until the next scheduled interrupt for a S.M.A.R.T. measurement:
(Any) S?19101F*
Logical blocks
Logical blocks
Logical blocks
Number of read
Number of read
sent to initiators:
received from initiators:
read from cache, sent to initiators:
and write commands <= current segment size:
and write commands > current segment size:
(QUANTUM) DAT72*
Rewrites since last read-type operation:
Re-reads since last write-type operation:
Current number of Groups Written:
Current number of RAW Retries:
Current number of Groups Read:
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
188
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Cassette serial number: (alphanumeric)
Remaining capacity, partition 0 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 1(kilobytes):
Maximum capacity , partition 0 (kilobytes):
Maximum capacity, partition 1 (kilobytes):
Total SATA link errors (alignment):
Total SATA link errors (disparity):
Total SATA link errors (10b/8b code data):
Total SATA link errors (CRC):
Total SATA link errors (cont seq:
Total SATA link errors (threshold):
Total SATA link errors (eb overflow):
Total SATA link errors (eb underflow):
Total SATA link errors (bad comp rcvd):
Total SATA link errors (bad pio):
Total SATA link errors (bad FIS type):
Total SATA link errors (bad FIS size):
Total SATA link errors (bad data size):
Total SATA link errors (retry attempted):
Total SATA link errors (retry successful):
Total SATA link errors (retry failed):
Total SATA link errors (tx_req_ack):
Total SATA link errors (alignment):
Number of entities written:
Number of entities read:
Number of records written:
Number of records read:
Kilobytes to data compression:
Kilobytes from data compression:
Kilobytes to tape:
Kilobytes from tape:
Logical entity size:
Physical entity size:
Uncompressed entities:
Switch setting bitmask:
Compression set by MS:
Decompression set by MS:
Current block size:
Current partition:
Prevent(1)/allow(0) media removal:
Cartridge write protected:
Report Setmarks:
Data compression ratio:
Total groups written:
Total rewrites:
Total groups read:
Total ECC C3 corrections:
Total rereads:
Total load count:
Minutes since last cleaning:
Power on minutes:
Cylinder on minutes:
Cleaning cartridge count:
Worn tape flag:
Media DEAD flag:
Time to clean:
(Any)
S?D2401*,S?D6401*,S?DL424*,S?DL624*,S?D124*,S?D224*,S?D624*,S?L496*,S?L696*,S?D180*,S?D280*,S?D680*,S?D140*,
S?D240*,S?D640*,S?D120*,S?D220*,S?D620*
Rewrites since last read-type operation:
Re-reads since last write-type operation:
Current number of Groups Written:
Current number of RAW Retries:
Current number of Groups Read:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Remaining capacity, partition 0 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 1(kilobytes):
Maximum capacity , partition 0 (kilobytes):
Maximum capacity, partition 1 (kilobytes):
(Any) SIDEWINDER*,S?A150000W*,S?A1701*,S?A250000W*,S?A2701*,S?A4200*,S?A6200*,S?A650000W,S?A6701*
Current number of Groups Written:
Current number of RAW Retries:
Current number of Groups Read:
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Drum revolution minute:
Load count:
Thread count:
Mechanism motion count (rotary encoder):
Cleaning interval (minute):
EEPROM written count:
MD serial number:
Drive serial number:
Number of entities written:
Number of entities read:
Number of records written:
Number of records read:
Kilobytes to data compression:
Kilobytes from data compression:
Kilobytes to tape:
Kilobytes from tape:
Logical entity size:
Physical entity size:
Uncompressed entities:
(SEAGATE) S?T20000A*,S?T8000A*
Number of ECC corrections on even tracks:
Number of ECC corrections on odd tracks:
Number of read retries on even tracks:
Number of read retries on odd tracks:
Remaining capacity, partition 0 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 1(kilobytes):
Maximum capacity , partition 0 (kilobytes):
Maximum capacity, partition 1 (kilobytes):
(SEAGATE) ULTRIUM06242*,S?U4200*,S?U6200*,S?UL6200*
Thread count:
Total data sets written:
Total write retries:
Total unrecovered write retries:
Total suspended writes:
Total fatal suspended writes:
Total data sets read:
Total read retries:
Total unrecovered read errors:
Total suspended append writes:
Remaining capacity in MB:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
189
190
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Maximum capacity in MB:
Read compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change):
Write compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change):
Number of MB transferred to host:
Number of bytes less than full MB transferred to host:
Number of MB read from tape:
Number of bytes less than full MB read from tape:
Number of MB transferred from host:
Number of bytes less than full MB transferred from host:
Number of MB written to tape:
Number of bytes less than full MB written to tape:
(SONY) SDX*
Current number of groups written:
Current number of raw retries:
Current number of Groups Read:
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Remaining capacity, partition 0 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 1(kilobytes):
Maximum capacity , partition 0 (kilobytes):
Maximum capacity, partition 1 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 2 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 3(kilobytes):
Maximum capacity , partition 2 (kilobytes):
Maximum capacity, partition 3 (kilobytes):
Drum revolutions per minute:
Load count:
Thread count:
Mechanism motion count (rotary encoder):
Cleaning interval (minute):
EEPROM written count:
MD serial number:
PCB serial number:
Drive serial number:
Frame read errors:
Main data SYMN block errors on reads - channel 1:
Main data SYMN block errors on reads - channel 2:
Total read retry count:
C2 uncorrectable block on read:
Frame write errors:
Main data SYMN block errors on writes - channel 1:
Main data SYMN block errors on writes - channel 2:
Number of entities written:
Number of entities read:
Number of records written:
Number of records read:
Kilobytes to data compression:
Kilobytes from data compression:
Kilobytes to tape:
Kilobytes from tape:
Logical entity size:
Physical entity size:
Uncompressed entities:
Current number of groups written (partition 0):
Current RAW retries (partition 0):
Current number of groups read (partition 0):
Current C3 ECC retries (partition 0):
Previous number of group written (partition 0):
Previous RAW retries (partition 0):
Previous number of group read (partition 0):
Previous C3 ECC retries (partition 0):
Total number of groups written (partition 0):
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Total RAW retries (partition 0):
Total number of groups read (partition 0):
Total C3 ECC retries (partition 0):
Load count (partition 0):
Access count (partition 0):
Update replace count (partition 0):
Last valid absolute frame number (partition 0):
Partition attribute (partition 0):
Maximum absolute frame number (partition 0):
Current number of groups written (partition 1):
Current RAW retries (partition 1):
Current number of groups read (partition 1):
Current C3 ECC retries (partition 1):
Previous number of group written (partition 1):
Previous RAW retries (partition 1):
Previous number of group read (partition 1):
Previous C3 ECC retries (partition 1):
Total number of groups written (partition 1):
Total RAW retries (partition 1):
Total number of groups read (partition 1):
Total C3 ECC retries (partition 1):
Load count (partition 1):
Access count (partition 1):
Update replace count (partition 1):
Last valid absolute frame number (partition 1):
Partition attribute (partition 1):
Maximum absolute frame number (partition 1):
MIC Logical format type:
User volume note size:
Cassette serial number: (alphanumeric)
Cassette Manufacturer ID: (alphanumeric)
User partition note size (partition 0):
User partition note size (partition 1):
(SONY) SDT*,TSL*
Current number of groups written:
Current number of raw retries:
Current number of Groups Read:
Current number of ECC-3 Retries:
Previous number of Groups Written:
Previous number of RAW Retries:
Previous number of Groups Read:
Previous number of ECC-3 Retries:
Total number of Groups Written:
Total number of RAW Retries:
Total number of Groups Read:
Total number of ECC-3 Retries:
Load Count:
Remaining capacity, partition 0 (kilobytes):
Remaining capacity, partition 1(kilobytes):
Maximum capacity , partition 0 (kilobytes):
Maximum capacity, partition 1 (kilobytes):
Drum revolutions per minute:
Load count:
Thread count:
Mechanism motion count (rotary encoder):
Cleaning interval (minute):
EEPROM written count:
MD serial number:
PCB serial number:
Drive serial number:
Number of entities written:
Number of entities read:
Number of records written:
Number of records read:
Kilobytes to data compression:
Kilobytes from data compression:
Kilobytes to tape:
Kilobytes from tape:
Logical entity size:
Physical entity size:
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
191
192
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Uncompressed entities:
(STK) 98*,T9*,T8*
Number of records with a recovered data check while reading:
Number of records with a recovered data check while writing:
Number of read temporary errors detected by software:
Number of write temporary errors detected by software:
Number of times a read record was retried before recovery passed or failed:
Number of servo position units (24 mm) used up by defects:
Number of times read blocks were recovered after one retry (read transients):
Number of times write blocks were recovered after one retry (write transients):
Adjusted read corrections:
Number of blocks read from tape hardware corrected:
Adjusted write corrections:
Number of blocks written on tape hardware corrected:
Number of errors detected by the controller when transferring data between the controller and interface
adapter:
Number of servo temporary off track errors:
(TANDBERG) SLR*
Total logical data blocks transferred:
Total physical blocks written to media:
Total physical blocks read from media (Read and Space operations only):
Approx remaining capacity of partition 0 (in KBytes):
Approx remaining capacity of current partition (in KBytes):
Approx maximum capacity of partition 0 (in KBytes):
Approx maximum capacity of current partition (in KBytes):
Number of file marks:
Number of set marks:
Number of minutes of motion since last head cleaning:
Number of head cleanings:
Total power-on minutes:
Total number of cartridge loads:
Number of servo lock retries:
Number of servo track seeks:
Number of lost servo locks on writes:
Number of write servo dropouts:
Number of lost servo locks on reads:
Number of read servo dropouts:
Current selected track number:
Cartridge serial number: (alphanumeric)
Number of times this cartridge loaded:
Number of beginning-of-tape markers passed for this tape:
Number of end-of-tape markers passed for this tape:
Number of cartridge write past counters:
Number of minutes cartridge has been in motion:
Write compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change):
Read compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change):
Percentage of data with compression between .89 and 1.2 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 1.2 and 1.6 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 1.6 and 2.2 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression between 2.2 and 3.6 - reset on cartridge change:
Percentage of data with compression greater than 3.6 - reset on cartridge change:
(TANDBERG) SDLT320*,SDLT330*
Read compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change):
Write compression ratio (percentage - reset on cartridge change):
Number of MB transferred to host:
Number of bytes less than full MB transferred to host:
Number of MB read from tape:
Number of bytes less than full MB read from tape:
Number of MB transferred from host:
Number of bytes less than full MB transferred from host:
Number of MB written to tape:
Number of bytes less than full MB written to tape:
Number of loads over lifetime of the tape drive:
Number of cleaning sessions per cartridge:
Drive temperature in degrees C:
Vendor-specific (SCSI Inquiry) information: (All numeric unless otherwise marked)
(IBM) IC35*
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Unit Serial Number (alphanumeric)
IEEE Unique ID (IEEE)
(IBM) DFHS*
Product type (alphanumeric)
Model number (alphanumeric)
ROM code Revision Level (alphanumeric)
RAM Load Revision Level (alphanumeric)
Unit Serial Number (alphanumeric)
Made by (alphanumeric)
RAM uCode Load P/N (alphanumeric)
ROM uCode Load P/N (alphanumeric)
Servo P/N (alphanumeric)
Load ID (hex)
Releaselevel/modification numbr (hex)
Assembly P/N-0 (alphanumeric)
Assembly P/N-1 (alphanumeric)
Assembly EC-0 (alphanumeric)
Assembly EC-1 (alphanumeric)
Card Assembly P/N-0 (alphanumeric)
Card Assembly P/N-1 (alphanumeric)
Card Assembly EC-0 (alphanumeric)
Card Assembly EC-2 (alphanumeric)
(IBM) DGHC*
ASCII Assembly EC (alphanumeric)
Load ID (hex)
Release level/modification number (hex)
PTF Number
Patch Number
ASCII microcode identifier (alphanumeric)
Servo P/N (hex)
Product identifier (page 82, 8 bytes) (alphanumeric)
Page C7, offset 0dh Flags (binary)
Microcode download size (bytes) (hex)
Minutes between spin up/down (hex)
Microcode dataset name for device (alphanumeric)
Media disk definition (alphanumeric)
Motor serial number (alphanumeric)
Flex assembly serial number (alphanumeric)
Actuator serial number (alphanumeric)
Device enclosure serial number (alphanumeric)
(IBM) DGHS*,DGVS*
ASCII Assembly EC (alphanumeric)
Load ID (hex)
Release level/modification number (hex)
PTF Number
Patch Number
ASCII microcode identifier (alphanumeric)
Servo P/N (hex)
Product identifier (page 82, 8 bytes) (alphanumeric)
Media disk definition (alphanumeric)
Motor serial number (alphanumeric)
Flex assembly serial number (alphanumeric)
Actuator serial number (alphanumeric)
Device enclosure serial number (alphanumeric)
Card serial number (alphanumeric)
Card assembly part number (alphanumeric)
(IBM) DMV*
ASCII Assembly P/N (alphanumeric)
ASCII Assembly EC (alphanumeric)
Load ID (hex)
Release level/modification number (hex)
PTF Number
Patch Number
ASCII microcode identifier (alphanumeric)
Servo P/N (hex)
Product identifier (page 82, 8 bytes) (alphanumeric)
Media disk definition (alphanumeric)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
193
194
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Motor serial number (alphanumeric)
Flex assembly serial number (alphanumeric)
Actuator serial number (alphanumeric)
Device enclosure serial number (alphanumeric)
Card serial number (alphanumeric)
Card assembly part number (alphanumeric)
(MAXTOR) ATLAS 10KIII*
SCSI Hardware Revision #
Disk Controller Revision #
Electronics Pass Number
HDA serial number (alphanumeric)
Operating definition (alphanumeric)
Full firmware version (alphanumeric)
Firmware build date/time (date)
Quantum unique identification (Page C1h) (hex)
(QUANTUM) ATLAS IV*
Electronic serial number (hex)
HDA serial number (alphanumeric)
Operating definition (alphanumeric)
Full firmware version (alphanumeric)
Firmware build date/time (date)
Quantum unique identification (Page C1h) (alphanumeric)
(QUANTUM) ATLAS V*
HDA serial number (alphanumeric)
Operating definition (alphanumeric)
Full firmware version (alphanumeric)
Firmware build date/time (date)
Quantum unique identification (Page C1h) (hex)
(QUANTUM) ATLAS 10K-*
SCSI Hardware Revision #
Disk Controller Revision #
Electronics Pass Number
HDA serial number (alphanumeric)
Operating definition (alphanumeric)
Full firmware version (alphanumeric)
Firmware build date/time (date)
Quantum unique identification (Page C1h) (hex)
(QUANTUM) ATLAS 10KII-*
SCSI Hardware Revision #
Disk Controller Revision #
Electronics Pass Number
HDA serial number (alphanumeric)
Operating definition (alphanumeric)
Full firmware version (alphanumeric)
Firmware build date/time (date)
Quantum unique identification (Page C1h) (hex)
Negotiated rate information (Page C2h) (hex)
(SEAGATE) (all FC disks)
Board serial number (alphanumeric)
IEEE Unique ID (IEEE)
Servo RAM Release number (alphanumeric)
Servo ROM Release number (alphanumeric)
Servo RAM Release date (date)
Servo ROM Release date (date)
Product date code MMDDYYYY (date)
Compile date code MMDDYYYY (date)
Jumpers S2 S1 - - - - - - (binary)
Select-ID (See manual for AL_PA) (hex)
Drive behavior version number
Drive behavior code
Drive behavior code version
Model number (alphanumeric)
Maximum interleave
Default # of cache segments
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
195
(*)
BC036122C3,ST330007L*,ST3146707L*,ST373207L*,ST336706L*,ST118202*,ST118273*,ST11900*,ST11950*,ST12400*,ST124
50*,ST12550*,ST136403*,ST136475*,ST15150*,ST150176*,ST15230*,ST18771*,ST19101*,ST19171*,ST31051*,ST31055*,ST
31200*,ST31230*,ST31231*,ST31250*,ST318203*,ST32272*,ST32151*,ST32155*,ST32171*,ST32550*,ST32430*,ST3285*,ST
3390*,ST34371*,ST34501*,ST34502*,ST34572*,ST34573*,ST3655*,ST39102*,ST39103*,ST39173*,ST410800*,ST423451*,ST
52160*
Board serial number (alphanumeric)
Servo RAM Release number (alphanumeric)
Servo ROM Release number (alphanumeric)
Servo RAM Release date (date)
Servo ROM Release date (date)
ETF Log date MMDDYYYY (date)
Compile date code MMDDYYYY (date)
Jumpers DS MS WP PE D0 D1 D2 D3 (binary)
Drive behavior version number
Drive behavior code
Drive behavior code version
Family number (alphanumeric)
Maximum interleave
Default # of cache segments
(TANDBERG) SLR7
Capstan motor assembly rev (alphanumeric)
Step motor assembly rev (alphanumeric)
Cartridge manipulation motor rev (alphanumeric)
Sensor assembly rev (alphanumeric)
Mainboard assembly rev (alphanumeric)
Frame module rev (alphanumeric)
Head assembly rev (alphanumeric)
Top cover rev (alphanumeric)
Bridge module rev (alphanumeric)
Main spring module rev (alphanumeric)
Main microcode rev (alphanumeric)
Main microcode release status (alphanumeric)
Main microcode branch rev (alphanumeric)
Main microcode ID (alphanumeric)
DSP microcode rev level (alphanumeric)
DSP microcode release status (alphanumeric)
Drive manufacturing MM.DD.YY (alphanumeric)
Main microcode creation MM.DD.YY (alphanumeric)
DSP microcode creation MM.DD.YY (alphanumeric)
Last drive adjustment MM.DD.YY (alphanumeric)
(HP) HP35470*,HP35480*,C1533*,C1534*,C1536*,C1537*,C1539*,C1553*,C1557*,C5683A*,C5713A*
CD-ROM Emulation string (alphanumeric)
Firmware revision (alphanumeric)
Firmware build date (date)
Product identification (alphanumeric)
(LSI) SAS Enclosure
Max expander speed (alphanumeric)
Tray Descriptor (alphanumeric)
Backplane FRU P/N (alphanumeric)
System serial number (alphanumeric)
FRU vendor (alphanumeric)
FRU manufacture date (date)
FRU type (alphanumeric)
ESM P/N (alphanumeric)
ESM serial number (alphanumeric)
ESM vendor (alphanumeric)
ESM manufacture date (date)
ESM type (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) P/N (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) serial number (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) vendor (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) manufacture date (date)
PSU(0) type (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) P/N (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) serial number (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) vendor (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) manufacture date (date)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
196
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
PSU(1) type (alphanumeric)
(NEWISYS) NDS2240
Max expander speed (alphanumeric)
Tray Descriptor (alphanumeric)
Backplane FRU P/N (alphanumeric)
System serial number (alphanumeric)
FRU vendor (alphanumeric)
FRU manufacture date (date)
FRU type (alphanumeric)
ESM P/N (alphanumeric)
ESM serial number (alphanumeric)
ESM vendor (alphanumeric)
ESM manufacture date (date)
ESM type (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) P/N (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) serial number (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) vendor (alphanumeric)
PSU(0) manufacture date (date)
PSU(0) type (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) P/N (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) serial number (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) vendor (alphanumeric)
PSU(1) manufacture date (date)
PSU(1) type (alphanumeric)
Total
Total
Total
Total
Vendor-specific log page records: 1707
Vendor-specific inq page records: 203
ANSI-defined log page records: 55
TapeAlert messages: 52
If your device does not appear above, remember that there are still dozens of other ANSI-standard fields that will be
reported. Please feel free to contact us, so that we may work with your device's manufacturer in order to obtain the
necessary programming information required to add vendor-unique reporting for it.
1.50
Write Cache Enable
The -wce command was added to facilitate one of the most common mode page changes. This enables the write
cache on the disk drive. (The command is generally not applicable to anything but disk drives. However, you could
theoretically have a device that is not a disk drive that uses a write cache). Conversely, use the -wcd command to
disable the write cache.
(The write cache bit is located on mode page #8, byte #2, bit #2. If that bit is set, the cache is enabled. Note that only
one byte is different in the commands below.
Example(s)
[root@BOSS etc]# ./smartmon-ux -wce /dev/sg2
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ03822" on /dev/sg2 (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
Sending command: -B S,08,12,14,00,FF,FF,00,00,FF,FF,FF,FF,00,20,00,00,00,00,00,00
Result: (SUCCESS) - The write cache is now enabled
Program Ended.
[root@BOSS etc]# ./smartmon-ux -wcd /dev/sg2
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ03822" on /dev/sg2 (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
Sending command: -B S,08,12,10,00,FF,FF,00,00,FF,FF,FF,FF,00,20,00,00,00,00,00,00
Result: (SUCCESS) - The write cache is now disabled
Program Ended.
[root@BOSS etc]# ./smartmon-ux -wcd /dev/sg2
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Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
197
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered SEAGATE ST373307LC S/N "3HZ03822" on /dev/sg2 (SMART enabled)(70007 MB)
Sending command: -B S,08,12,10,00,FF,FF,00,00,FF,FF,FF,FF,00,20,00,00,00,00,00,00
Result: (SUCCESS) - The write cache was already disabled.
Program Ended.
Finally, a warning .. the write cache is typically disabled for a reason. When the cache is disabled, the disk does not
return a complete code to the host until the disk has physically recorded the block(s). When write cache is enabled,
the disk immediately responds to the host telling it the I/O has been completed. This can significantly improve write
performance.
You have a risk in that when you use a write cache, a power loss will result in permanent data loss of any writes that
have occurred between the time the disk last flushed the pending writes to the disk drive and the power failure. The
amount of time it takes between flushing is typically a few seconds, but this value is vendor/product/device specific.
You may also use the mode page editor to control the write cache. The -wce was introduced because enabling /
disabling the write cache is a common activity performed by system administrators.
1.51
Write Protected Media Test
This feature was added in release 1.28. It provides a convenient test to see if the media in a device (typically a tape
drive) is write protected.
Note, some operating systems, such as HP/UX do not support querying tape drives unless there is media inserted
into them.
Syntax
-wp {devicefile}.
Example:
# ./smartmon-ux -wp
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27T-1, Build 12-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered MITSUMI CD-ROM FX4830T!B S/N " " on /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0 (CD/DVD)
Discovered IBM DDRS-39130LC S/N "RE371797" on /dev/rdsk/c2t5d0 (SMART enabled)(8678 MB)
Discovered IBM DDRS-39130LC S/N "RE371728" on /dev/rdsk/c2t6d0 (SMART enabled)(8678 MB)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mn (Media WRITE-PROTECTED)
Program Ended.
The test above was run without any device options on a HP/UX machine. It scanned for all devices and reported that
the C1533A tape had write-protected media. The test below was run on the same machine, but we used wild-cards
for various device names that are associated with that tape.
# ./smartmon-ux -wp /dev/rmt/0m*
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27T-1, Build 12-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
********************************************************************
* F o r U N I S Y S A U C K L A N D E v a l u a t i o n *
* This software will expire on *
* 05/05/05 (22 days remaining). *
********************************************************************
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0m (Media WRITE-PROTECTED)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mb (Media WRITE-PROTECTED)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mn (Media WRITE-PROTECTED)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mnb (Media WRITE-PROTECTED)
Program Ended.
We then slid over the write protect tab ...
# ./smartmon-ux -wp /dev/rmt/0*
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27T-1, Build 12-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc.
http://www.SANtools.com
********************************************************************
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
198
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
* F o r U N I S Y S A U C K L A N D E v a l u a t i o n *
* This software will expire on *
* 05/05/05 (22 days remaining). *
********************************************************************
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0m (Media Read/Write)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mb (Media Read/Write)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mn (Media Read/Write)
Discovered HP C1533A S/N " " on /dev/rmt/0mnb (Media Read/Write)
Program Ended.
Feature Notes:
· This function is not applicable to ATA/SATA disk drives.
1.52
RAID Engine Support
1.52.1 LSI (Mylex) RAID Engines
If you are using an external fibre channel RAID subsystem that incorporates a Mylex family engine, the software can
provide details on the health of the devices as well as return event log entries that are maintained by the RAID
controller. The supported engines are members of the DAC960 family and include models FF, FF2, FFx, and FFx2.
These engines are also known as the SANArray Pro family. You must be running 7.0 firmware or higher.
If you are not sure what RAID engine you are using, you should ask your RAID vendor or try sending one of the -Z
options to a logical disk in the RAID subsystem and see if you get any results.
When you supply any of the -Z command line options, you instruct SMARTMon-UX to send Mylex vendor-specific
commands to query the RAID engine and report the desired information. If you send them to a non-Mylex controller,
the commands will be rejected by the device and no RAID information will be returned. All of the commands can be
sent at any time to the RAID engine and are non-destructive (see notes on the -ZL, -ZA and -ZM options). If you are
running extremely heavy I/O, it may take several minutes for these options to complete.
Command Options
The -Z option (note the case. -Z is for LSI/Mylex family, while -z is for LSI/Engenio family) displays a summary of all
of the physical disks installed in the subsystem that are known to the RAID controller. In addition it will display
information on all of the logical devices which are defined.
smartmon-ux -Z \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.16, Build 27-DEC-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered MYLEX DACARMRB247240T5 S/N " " on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5 (SMART unsupported)
[Adapter/ID.LUN=4/3.31](247239 MB)
This is a RAID Controller model "DAC960FFx" with 128 MB of RAM running firmware revision 7.70.
Physical Device Dump:
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0004] S/N=3FP00B1P 20:00:00:20:37:e6:0f:48 71132960 Blocks at 0:05h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0004] S/N=3FP017BV 20:00:00:20:37:e6:95:b7 71687371 Blocks at 0:07h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP00BB7 20:00:00:20:37:e6:0a:38 71132960 Blocks at 0:09h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP00ARC 20:00:00:20:37:e6:0b:ef 71132960 Blocks at 0:0Bh [HOTSPARE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP017K6 20:00:00:20:37:e6:95:a5 71687371 Blocks at 0:0Dh [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP00BJZ 20:00:00:20:37:e6:09:3a 71132960 Blocks at 0:0Fh [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP0148W 20:00:00:20:37:e6:95:1a 71687371 Blocks at 0:11h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP011LD 20:00:00:20:37:e6:93:b2 71687371 Blocks at 0:13h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP009Z6 20:00:00:20:37:e6:06:31 71132960 Blocks at 1:04h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP008NA 20:00:00:20:37:e6:03:c3 71132960 Blocks at 1:06h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP009Y0 20:00:00:20:37:e6:0c:84 71132960 Blocks at 1:08h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP008FD 20:00:00:20:37:e6:03:80 71132960 Blocks at 1:0Ah [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP00B4W 20:00:00:20:37:e6:09:be 71132960 Blocks at 1:0Ch [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0003] S/N=3FP00ANW 20:00:00:20:37:e6:07:3d 71132960 Blocks at 1:0Eh [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0004] S/N=3FP00B01 20:00:00:20:37:e6:08:7d 71132960 Blocks at 1:10h [ONLINE]
SEAGATE ST336605FC [0004] S/N=3FP00Y3T 20:00:00:20:37:e6:9f:53 71687371 Blocks at 1:12h [ONLINE]
RAID Controller Logical Device Dump:
LUN[0] State=Optimal RAID_5 DeviceSize=20500480 Blocks
LUN[1] State=Optimal RAID_5 DeviceSize=40972288 Blocks
LUN[2] State=Optimal RAID_5 DeviceSize=102416384 Blocks
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
LUN[3] State=Optimal
LUN[4] State=Optimal
LUN[5] State=Optimal
LUN[6] State=Optimal
LUN[7] State=Optimal
LUN[8] State=Optimal
Terminating program.
RAID_5
RAID_5
RAID_0
RAID_5
RAID_5
RAID_5
199
DeviceSize=40972288 Blocks
DeviceSize=40972288 Blocks
DeviceSize=40980480 Blocks
DeviceSize=122888192 Blocks
DeviceSize=81944576 Blocks
DeviceSize=506347520 Blocks
In the example above, you can see the FFx RAID engine is running 7.70 firmware and has 128MB of RAM. It is
attached to 16 Seagate disk drives. The first disk is a ST336605FC running firmware release 0004, and the serial
numbers and world-wide names are also displayed. There are 71132960 usable blocks, and it is configured for
channel 0 at hex ID #5. State is ONLINE. The subsystem also defines a single disk as a hot spare.
There are 9 logical devices, all of which are defined as RAID5 except for a single striped RAID0 LUN. All logical
devices are "Optimal" which means they are online and operating properly. If you had a drive failure, you might see
status of Critical, Rebuilding, or Off line.
In the example below, we instructed the engine to return all known events in the controller's internal event log. The
Mylex event log maintains the last 512 events and is volatile. That is, the log starts at event #0 at system power up
time. Power cycles reset the log. Our example shows the power-on sequence for a controller through an exercise
where we turned off each of the redundant power supplies to generate some events.
smartmon-ux -ZL \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.16, Build 27-DEC-2002] - Copyright 2002 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered MYLEX DACARMRB247240T5 S/N " " on \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5 (SMART unsupported)
[Adapter/ID.LUN=4/3.31](247239 MB)
Event log (Max of 512 events saved in controller):
(0) [Severe] Ch:ID=0:0 "WARM BOOT failed. Memory error detected during WARM boot scan. Possible data
loss."
(1) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Dual controllers enabled."
(2) [Info] "Array management server software started successfully. The server system (or array
management utility server) started."
(3) [Info] Ctl=0 "Parameter type value is the reboot count. Automatic reboot count has changed.
Controller has rebooted. Automatic reboot has rearmed itself or was reconfigured."
(4) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Updated partner's status."
(5) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Dual controllers entered nexus."
(6) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Updated partner's status."
(7) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Dual controllers enabled."
(8) [Info] "Array management server software started successfully. The server system (or array
management utility server) started."
(9) [Info] Ctl=0 "Parameter type value is the reboot count. Automatic reboot count has changed.
Controller has rebooted. Automatic reboot has rearmed itself or was reconfigured."
(10) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Updated partner's status."
(11) [Warning] Ctl=0 "Updated partner's status."
(12) [Info] Ch:ID=1:4 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(13) [Info] Ch:ID=0:5 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(14) [Info] Ch:ID=1:6 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(15) [Info] Ch:ID=0:7 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(16) [Info] Ch:ID=1:8 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(17) [Info] Ch:ID=0:9 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(18) [Info] Ch:ID=1:10 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(19) [Info] Ch:ID=0:11 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(20) [Info] Ch:ID=1:12 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(21) [Info] Ch:ID=0:13 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(22) [Info] Ch:ID=1:14 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(23) [Info] Ch:ID=0:15 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(24) [Info] Ch:ID=1:16 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
200
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(25) [Info] Ch:ID=0:17 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(26) [Info] Ch:ID=1:18 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(27) [Info] Ch:ID=0:19 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(28) [Info] Ctl=0 "Controller device start complete."
(29) [Info] Ch:ID=1:4 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(30) [Info] Ch:ID=0:5 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(31) [Info] Ch:ID=1:6 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(32) [Info] Ch:ID=0:7 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(33) [Info] Ch:ID=1:8 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(34) [Info] Ch:ID=0:9 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(35) [Info] Ch:ID=1:10 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(36) [Info] Ch:ID=0:11 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(37) [Info] Ch:ID=1:12 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(38) [Info] Ch:ID=0:13 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(39) [Info] Ch:ID=1:14 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(40) [Info] Ch:ID=0:15 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(41) [Info] Ch:ID=1:16 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(42) [Info] Ch:ID=0:17 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(43) [Info] Ch:ID=1:18 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(44) [Info] Ch:ID=0:19 "A new hard disk has been found. A physical device has been powered on. A new
physical device has been added. Controller was powered on. Controller was added. System has rebooted."
(45) [Info] Ctl=0 "Controller device start complete."
(46) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:0 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(47) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:1 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(48) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:2 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(49) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:3 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(50) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:4 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(51) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:5 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(52) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:6 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(53) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:7 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(54) 14:14:15 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:LD=0:8 "Logical drive has been placed online. Rebuild completed.
set the physical device online. New configuration was added."
(55) 14:14:23 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl=0 "BBU Present. Controller is dead. Controller has been removed.
Controller has been powered off."
(56) 14:14:26 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl=0 "BBU Present. Controller is dead. Controller has been removed.
Controller has been powered off."
(57) 14:14:31 12/19/2002 [Severe] Ctl=0 "BBU recondition needed."
(58) 14:14:31 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl:Enc=0:0 "Enclosure services ready."
(59) 15:27:11 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl=0 "BBU Power OK. BBU has enough power to enable the write data
cache."
(60) 15:27:13 12/19/2002 [Warning] Ctl=0 "Controller entered normal cache mode."
(61) 17:00:18 12/19/2002 [Info] Ctl=0 "BBU Power OK. BBU has enough power to enable the write data
cache."
(62) 17:00:21 12/19/2002 [Warning] Ctl=0 "Controller entered normal cache mode."
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
User
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
(63) 14:13:57 12/20/2002
has changed. Controller has
(64) 14:13:57 12/20/2002
has changed. Controller has
(65) 09:34:37 12/22/2002
(66) 09:34:40 12/22/2002
power supply."
(67) 09:34:40 12/22/2002
(68) 09:37:17 12/22/2002
(69) 09:37:19 12/22/2002
been replaced."
(70) 09:37:21 12/22/2002
(71) 09:37:27 12/22/2002
(72) 09:37:30 12/22/2002
power supply."
(73) 09:37:30 12/22/2002
(74) 09:42:25 12/22/2002
(75) 09:42:27 12/22/2002
been replaced."
(76) 09:42:29 12/22/2002
Terminating program.
201
[Info] Ctl=0 "Parameter type value is the reboot count. Automatic reboot count
rebooted. Automatic reboot has rearmed itself or was reconfigured."
[Info] Ctl=0 "Parameter type value is the reboot count. Automatic reboot count
rebooted. Automatic reboot has rearmed itself or was reconfigured."
[Warning] Ctl=0 "UPS Battery Low - Controller entered Conservative Cache Mode."
[Severe] Enc:Unit=1:0 "Power supply failure. Cable connection is broken. Bad
[Warning] Ctl=0 "UPS Battery Low - Controller entered Conservative Cache Mode."
[Warning] Ctl=0 "Controller entered normal cache mode."
[Info] Enc:Unit=1:0 "Power supply has been restored. Faulty power supply has
[Warning] Ctl=0 "Controller entered normal cache mode."
[Warning] Ctl=0 "UPS Battery Low - Controller entered Conservative Cache Mode."
[Severe] Enc:Unit=1:1 "Power supply failure. Cable connection is broken. Bad
[Warning] Ctl=0 "UPS Battery Low - Controller entered Conservative Cache Mode."
[Warning] Ctl=0 "Controller entered normal cache mode."
[Info] Enc:Unit=1:1 "Power supply has been restored. Faulty power supply has
[Warning] Ctl=0 "Controller entered normal cache mode."
Note that the software has entries up through and including firmware release 9.0, which totals to more than 250
events. If you do not understand what any of these events mean, or what you should do about them, please contact
your disk subsystem provider for assistance.
Note also, that SMARTMon-UX does not launch alert emails or take any action on these events. The current release
of the software only dumps them for you. If you would like to have the system generate automated alerts based on
the event log, you will need to incorporate the alerts into a shell script or external program of your design.
The -ZA option produces the same report as the -ZL
reporting.
199
option, only you specify the starting event number to begin
The -ZM option instructs the software to print a WWN-Mapping table that shows what WWNs are allocated to each
logical unit.
1.52.2 LSI (Engenio) RAID Engines
LSI (previously Engenio Information Technologies, Inc.) sells RAID subsystems both under the LSI brand, as well as
into the channel where other manufacturers (or VARs) re brand it as their own. As such, you might have a RAID
subsystem that uses a supported LSI engine and might not know it.
The dump below is from an IBM 1742 RAID subsystem, which has a supported LSI engine. As is the case with the
Infortrend RAID engine, entering the -I+ will report extended SCSI inquiry information along with vendor-unique
information which describes the device in more detail. If you just send the -I command for basic inquiry information,
the software will not attempt to discern whether or not device you selected has an LSI RAIDengine, and Infortrend
RAID 206 engine, or some other RAID device.
The -z option sends the vendor-unique commands to query the subsystem and report information on the physical
disks in the subsystem. The example below shows the data returned by the -z portion in RED. The -I+ results are in
blue. The data in black will be returned regardless of the engine type (assuming the device is fibre channel, SCSI, or
USB host-attach interface). You can choose to enter the -I+ without the -z or the -z without the I+.
Usage
smartmon-ux -I+ -z
Example
# ./smartmon-ux -z -I+ /dev/sg3
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27, Build 06-JUN-2004] - Copyright 2003 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IBM 1742 S/N "1T99995658" on /dev/sg3 [SES] (Not Enabling SMART)(1326998 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
202
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
3 (SPC ANSI X3.301:1997)
Vendor Identification:
IBM
Product Identification:
1742
Firmware Revision:
0520
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
YES
Enclosure services available:
YES
Multi-ported device:
NO
Medium-changer attached: (removable) NO
Linked commands supported:
NO
Command queuing supported:
YES
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Total grown defects:
0
Total Primary (factory) defects:
0
RAID Controller Information:
Number of channels:
4
Processor memory:
128 MB
Board name:
Series 4 Disk Array Controller
Board part number:
348-0046200
Schematic number:
348-0044310
Schematic revision number:
Board serial number:
1T99995658
Date of manufacture:
09/08/02
Board revision:
Board identifier:
4884
Partition #0 type:
Bootware
Firmware revision:
5.30.00
Firmware date:
09/05/02
Partition #1 type:
Application
Firmware revision:
5.30.12
Firmware date:
05/06/03
Auto volume transfer supported:
YES
DCE/DRM/DSS/DVE supported:
YES
Multiple sub-enclosures supported: YES
Series 3 functionality supported:
YES
Dual active controllers supported: YES
Maximum drives per LUN:
30
Maximum global hot spares:
15
Firmware download disabled:
NO
System identifier:
Subsystem revision level:
10.0
Slot ID of this controller:
01
Storage Array WWN:
60:0a:0b:80:00:0f:0b:4f:00:00:00:00:3e:88:88:88
Host Interface Number (*=This):
1*
FC-0 topology:
100-??-??-?
FC part / chip type:
HPFC-5200
FC part revision level:
11
FC topology:
Fabric
Controller host ID switch setting: 0
Host Interface Number (*=This):
2
FC-0 topology:
100-??-??-?
FC part / chip type:
HPFC-5200
FC part revision level:
11
FC topology:
Fabric
Controller host ID switch setting: 0
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 03 32 1F 00 40 32 49 42 4D 20 20 20 20 20
...2..@2IBM
0010: 31 37 34 32 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
1742
0020: 30 35 32
052
Inquiry EVPD Page #80h (Serial Number Page)
0000: 00 80 00 10 31 54 32 33 33 35 35 36 35 38 20 20
....1T99995658
0010: 20 20 20 20
Inquiry EVPD Page #83h (Device Identification Page)
0000: 00 83 00 14 01 03 00 10 60 0A 0B 80 00 0F 0B 4F
........`......O
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
0010: 00 00 00 2C 3E F1 31 04
Inquiry EVPD Page #C0h
0000: 00 C0 00 9A 68 77 72 34 04 01
0010: 53 65 72 69 65 73 20 34 20 44
0020: 72 61 79 20 43 6F 6E 74 72 6F
0030: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0040: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0050: 33 34 38 2D 30 30 34 36 32 30
0060: 33 34 38 2D 30 30 34 34 33 31
0070: 31 54 32 33 33 35 35 36 35 38
0080: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0090: 30 39 2F 30 38 2F 30 32 20 20
Inquiry EVPD Page #C1h
0000: 00 C1 00 2C 66 77 72 34 05 30
0010: 2E 42 57 20 05 30 00 00 09 05
0020: 2E 41 50 20 05 30 12 00 05 06
Inquiry EVPD Page #C2h
0000: 00 C2 00 2C 73 77 72 34 05 30
0010: 2E 42 57 20 05 30 00 00 09 05
0020: 2E 41 50 20 05 30 12 00 05 06
Inquiry EVPD Page #C3h
0000: 00 C3 00 2C 70 72 6D 34 1E 0F
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C4h
0000: 00 C4 00 1C 73 75 62 73 20 20
0010: 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 31 30
Inquiry EVPD Page #C5h
0000: 00 C5 00 44 68 69 6E 66 81 03
0010: 3F 3F 2D 3F 3F 2D 3F 20 48 50
0020: 30 20 20 20 31 31 02 00 02 03
0030: 3F 3F 2D 3F 3F 2D 3F 20 48 50
0040: 30 20 20 20 31 31 02 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C6h
0000: 00 C6 00 60 44 47 4D 50 02 00
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0060: 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C7h
0000: 00 C7 00 44 68 69 6E 32 81 03
0010: B8 0F 0B 50 20 02 00 A0 B8 0F
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 02 03
0030: B8 0F 0B 51 20 02 00 A0 B8 0F
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C8h
0000: 00 C8 00 AB 65 64 69 64 01 03
0010: 00 0F 0B 4F 00 00 00 2C 3E F1
0020: 69 00 63 00 61 00 30 00 30 00
0030: 41 00 53 00 31 00 00 00 00 00
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 10
0060: 0B 4F 00 00 00 00 3E C3 53 FE
0070: 4E 00 5F 00 41 00 53 00 44 00
0080: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0090: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00a0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #C9h
0000: 00 C9 00 2C 76 61 63 63 81 01
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0020: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #CAh
0000: 00 CA 00 16 73 6E 62 69 00 00
0010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #D0h
0000: 00 D0 00 14 01 03 00 10 60 0A
0010: 00 00 00 00 3E 88 88 88
Physical disk device state:
Disk at Channel:ID 00:01 [Optimal]
...,>.1.
80
69
6C
20
20
30
30
20
20
34
00
73
6C
20
20
20
20
20
20
38
00
6B
65
20
20
20
20
20
20
38
00
20
72
20
20
20
20
20
20
34
00
41
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
00
72
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
....hwr4........
Series 4 Disk Ar
ray Controller
348-0046200
348-0044310
1T99995658
09/08/02
4884
00 09 05 02 00 00
02 00 00 F0 00 00
03 00 07 91 72 98
...,fwr4.0......
.BW .0..........
.AP .0........r.
12 05 06 03 1F 1F
02 00 00 F0 00 00
03 00 07 91 72 98
...,swr4.0......
.BW .0..........
.AP .0........r.
00 9F 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00
...,prm4........
................
................
20 20 20 20 20 20
2E 30 30 31 00 00
....subs
10.001..
00
46
00
46
1C
43
1C
43
31
2D
31
2D
30
35
30
35
30
32
30
32
2D
30
2D
30
...Dhinf....100??-??-? HPFC-520
0
11......100??-??-? HPFC-520
0
11..
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
81
00
00
00
00
00
10
00
00
00
00
00
02
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
...`DGMP........
................
................
................
................
................
....
00
0B
00
0B
1C
4F
1C
4F
20
FF
20
FF
02
5C
02
5D
00
10
00
10
A0
00
A0
00
...Dhin2.... ...
...P ......O.\..
............ ...
...Q ......O.]..
........
00
31
32
00
00
60
3C
00
00
00
00
10
04
00
00
00
0A
00
00
00
00
00
60
3C
5F
00
00
0B
53
00
00
00
00
0A
00
00
00
00
80
00
00
00
00
00
0B
73
4E
00
00
00
41
00
00
00
00
80
00
00
00
00
0F
00
00
00
00
....edid....`...
...O...,>.1.<.s.
i.c.a.0.0.2._.N.
A.S.1...........
................
..........`.....
.O....>.S.<.S.A.
N._.A.S.D.......
................
................
...............
00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00
...,vacc........
................
................
00 00 00 00 00 00
....snbi........
..........
0B 80 00 0F 0B 4F
........`......O
....>.S.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
203
204
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
at
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
Channel:ID
00:02
00:03
00:04
00:05
00:06
00:07
00:08
00:09
00:10
00:11
00:12
00:13
00:14
00:15
01:00
01:01
01:02
01:03
01:04
01:05
01:06
01:07
01:08
01:09
01:10
01:11
01:12
01:13
01:14
01:15
02:00
02:01
02:02
02:03
02:04
02:05
02:06
02:07
02:08
02:09
02:10
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Reserved-Status]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Failed-WriteFailure]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
[Optimal]
If the selected device is a LUN that is presented by a RAID subsystem with an Infortrend controller in it, you will get
the output that is highlighted in Blue. If it is not an Infortrend controller, the software will report the EVPD data
described in the Inquiry Page Viewer 53 section.
Additional Information
· Unless you (or your RAID provider) has configured the engine otherwise, you can query this RAID engine by
sending the -I+ and -z command to any LUN.
· Significantly more information will be made available in future releases.
· RAID subsystem manufacturers and VARs/OEMs mask the make & model of RAID engine they are using by
changing the make and model fields. You may have a LSI-based subsystem and not know it.
· By design, our software does NOT allow you to change any configurable parameters except for mode pages. You
cannot use our software as a "configurator".
· If you send the -z command to a device which is not a logical disk associated with a Mylex (or Infortrend) RAID
engine, the device will reject the command and our software will just reject the command.
· We support reporting all LSI defined physical device states. The values that may be returned are shown in the LSI
Drive Status Definitions 204 table below. The state is shown between braces, so a drive in Optimal 204 state will be
reported as [Optimal] and Out of Service 205 will be reported as [Out-of-Service].
LSI Drive Status Definitions
Status String
Optimal
Unassigned
Meaning
The drive is in good condition and is currently configured
as part of a LUN or global hot spare.
The controller has detected a drive present, but the drive
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Failed-CauseUnknown
Replaced
Wrong Drive Removed
Out-of-Service
Failed-ReadFailure
Wrong-Block-Size
Reserved-Status
Failed-or-Missing
Capacity<Minimum
Failed-FormatFailure
Failed-WriteFailure
Failed-ByUser
Offline-ByUser
Failed-ControllerStorage
Non-Existent
205
is not part of a configured logical unit.
Failed by alternate controller for reasons unknown. You
must replace the drive.
The controller has detected the replacement of a failed
drive through a hot swap or an action from the host
management software.
The controller detected that a drive location which
previously had an optimal drive now does not have a drive
installed. Although there are other cases that can cause
this error, the most likely is that the incorrect drive was
removed or replaced by the user.
The drive was in a drive group that experienced an error
during interrupted write processing that caused the LUN to
transition to a DEAD state. Drives in the group that are in
this state did not experience the error.
Failed due to inability of drive to satisfy the read. You
must replace the drive.
The mode page for block size is improperly set. You may
be able to resolve this with SANtools' mode page editor 79
function.
Reserved for future use by RAID engine.
The drive does not respond. You must replace the drive.
The replaced drive does not have sufficient capacity to
accommodate all of the LUNs in the drive group.
Write error while formatting. You must replace the drive.
Write error. You must replace the drive.
Failed due to user command.
The drive was in a drive group that has been marked
offline by the user. The LUN will transition to the DEAD
state. All of the drives in the group will report this status.
Failed by controller. You must replace the drive.
Note: Drives in this state are ignored by SANtools. Nothing
will be reported for the Channel/ID combination.
1.52.3 Infortrend RAID Engines
Infortrend RAID engine support is quite robust. We report physical and logical device information and state, controller
configuration, and event logs for most of the RAID products they make, and conversely, for the RAID products that
other vendors make that use the Infortrend engine. The resulting output will vary slightly, depending on whether you
have a SCSI-SCSI, FC-SCSI, FC-FC, or FC-SATA Infortrend engine. Below is what is reported from an off-the-shelf
IFT-3102 SCSI-SCSI RAID controller attached to a Sun system. Report for other RAID engines are also shown in this
section.
You may send these commands to any logical disk. Infortrend engines will process these vendor-unique commands
regardless of what physical device 206 you you select for the command line.
Benefits of Directly Querying Infortrend Engines via SMARTMon-UX
· Traditionally, you manage Infortrend controllers via out-of-band software that communicates with the controller over
TCP/IP. If your site has security implications, then you know in-band, direct-attach is your only option. In addition, a
single machine running this software can easily manage over 100 Infortrend engines and only use a few MB of
RAM, and very low CPU overhead.
· The software can tell you serial numbers of disk drives, the controller, and firmware/driver revisions. SMARTMonUX frees you from having to take a system down to gather patch/BIOS/driver information
· If you are in a high-security area, use the -zdq command as part of a polling daemon that reports that all of the
disks behind a RAID controller are online and have not been taken. We have customers who have "national
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
206
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
security" implications that use the software to make sure that nobody has stolen a disk drive. Remember if you
have RAID5, then somebody could take a disk drive, and the host would run normally on the degraded LUN. Our
software detects disk drive removals.
· Since our software creates event log output and history files, then you can easily parse them with SNMP-based
management software to integrate Infortrend controllers (or for that matter, any controller or peripheral) into your
environment.
General Inquiry Usage
smartmon-ux -I+
Currently, the -I+ option is the only means by which our software reports vendor unique RAID information. If the
selected device is a LUN that is presented by a RAID subsystem with an Infortrend controller in it, you will get the
output that is highlighted in Blue. If it is not an Infortrend RAID, LSI RAID 201 , or 3ware 210 controller, the software
will report the EVPD data described in the Inquiry Page Viewer 53 section.
Sample Output
# ./smartmon-ux -I+ /dev/rdsk/c1t0d0s0
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27, Build 5-JUN-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IFT 3102 S/N "3072051" on /dev/rdsk/c1t0d0s0 (SMART unsupported)(17501 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
2 (SCSI-2 ANSI X3.131:1994)
ISO/IEC Version:
0
ECMA Version:
0
Vendor Identification:
IFT
Product Identification:
3102
Firmware Revision:
0223
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Supports 16-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports 32-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports ACKQ/REQQ handshaking:
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
32-bit parallel supported:
NO
16-bit parallel supported:
YES
Synchronous commands supported:
YES
Linked commands supported:
NO
Command queuing supported:
YES
SAF-TE Enclosure services available: NO
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
RAID Controller Information:
Controller firmware revision:
2.23K
Controller boot firmware:
1.12H
Number of host channels:
2
Number of drive channels:
1
Processor memory:
2048 MB
Processor type:
5X86-133(WB)
Board serial number:
870329856
Mode flags bit map:
07030400
Write back:
Disabled
Motor spin up:
Disabled
Power up SCSI reset:
Disabled
Battery backup support:
No
Battery backup present:
No
Error correction enabled:
No
LUN assignment by SCSI ID support: Yes
SCSI LUNs > 0 supported:
Yes
Spanning logical drives supported: No
Controller user-defined name:
SFILE01
Controller make:
IFT
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Controller model:
Cache mode flags bit map:
Write back status:
Cache optimization:
Disk Interface Type:
Number of cache blocks:
Number of dirty cache blocks:
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 02 02 FA 00 00 32 49
0010: 33 31 30 32 20 20 20 20 20
0020: 30 32 32 33 20 33 30 37 32
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0060: 00 00 43 6F 70 79 72 69 67
0070: 39 35 20 49 6E 66 6F 72 74
0080: 6C 20 72 69 67 68 74 73 20
0090: 64 30 30 30 30 00 00 00 00
00a0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00b0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00c0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00d0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00e0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00f0: 6A 1E A0 18 01 00 00 00 00
207
IFT-3102
01000000
Disabled
Large/SeqIO
SCSI
939786240
0
46
20
30
00
00
00
68
72
72
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
54
20
35
00
00
00
74
65
65
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
20
20
31
00
00
00
28
6E
73
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
20
20
00
00
00
00
43
64
65
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
20
20
00
00
00
00
29
20
72
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
20
20
00
00
00
00
31
41
76
00
00
00
00
00
00
20
20
00
00
00
00
39
6C
65
00
00
00
00
00
00
....ú..2IFT
3102
0223 3072051....
................
................
................
..Copyright(C)19
95 Infortrend Al
l rights reserve
d0000...........
................
................
................
................
................
j. ...........
Below is the same command issued to an Infortrend fibre host attach controller with fibre channel disk drives for
comparison.
# ./smartmon-ux -I+ /dev/sg
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.27, Build 5-JUN-2004] - Copyright 2001-2004 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IFT ER2000R1 S/N "3221234" on /dev/sde (SMART unsupported)(492 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
3 (SPC ANSI X3.301:1997)
Vendor Identification:
IFT
Product Identification:
ER2000R1
Firmware Revision:
0323
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
Enclosure services available:
NO
Multi-ported device:
NO
Medium-changer attached: (removable) NO
Linked commands supported:
NO
Command queuing supported:
YES
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
RAID Controller Information:
Controller firmware revision:
3.23W
Controller boot firmware:
1.21F
Number of host channels:
1
Number of drive channels:
3
Processor memory:
128 MB
Processor type:
PPC750
Board serial number:
3221234
Mode flags bit map:
00040107
Write back:
Enabled
Motor spin up:
Enabled
Power up SCSI reset:
Enabled
Battery backup support:
Yes
Battery backup present:
No
Error correction enabled:
No
LUN assignment by SCSI ID support: No
SCSI LUNs > 0 supported:
No
Spanning logical drives supported: Yes
Controller user-defined name:
David
Controller make:
IFT
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
208
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Controller model:
ER2000R1
Cache mode flags bit map:
00000101
Write back status:
Enabled
Cache optimization:
Large/SeqIO
Number of cache blocks:
32652
Number of dirty cache blocks:
0
Motor spin-up:
Enabled
Power-up reset:
Enabled
Predictive failure:
Disabled
Host Interface Type:
Fibre Channel
Disk Interface Type:
Fibre Channel
:
10.0.0.1
Subnet Mask:
255.0.0.0
Gateway:
0.0.0.0
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 03 02 FA 00 00 02 49 46 54 20 20 20 20
0010: 45 52 32 30 30 30 52 31 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
0020: 30 33 32 33 20 33 32 32 31 32 33 34 00 00 00
0030: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0040: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0050: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0060: 43 6F 70 79 72 69 67 68 74 20 28 43 29 20 31
0070: 39 39 20 49 6E 66 6F 72 74 72 65 6E 64 2E 20
0080: 6C 6C 20 72 69 67 68 74 73 20 72 65 73 65 72
0090: 65 64 2E 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00a0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00b0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00c0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00d0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00e0: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00f0: 6A 1E A0 18 53 0B 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #80h (Serial Number Page)
0000: 00 80 00 10 20 33 32 32 31 32 33 34 20 20 20
0010: 20 20 20 20
Inquiry EVPD Page #83h (Device Identification Page)
0000: 00 83 00 20 01 03 00 08 20 00 00 D0 23 00 0B
0010: 01 03 00 10 60 0D 02 30 00 31 24 92 00 0B 54
0020: 6E 82 25 00
Inquiry EVPD Page #D0h
0000: 00 D0 00 30 20 00 00 00 C9 23 04 FE 10 00 00
0010: C9 23 04 FE 65 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 20 00 00
0020: 23 00 0B 53 21 00 00 D0 23 00 0B 53 25 00 00
0030: 04 00 00 00
20
20
00
00
00
00
39
41
76
00
00
00
00
00
00
........IFT
ER2000R1
0323 3221234....
................
................
................
Copyright (C) 19
99 Infortrend. A
ll rights reserv
ed..............
................
................
................
................
................
j...S.........
20
.... 3221234
54
09
... .... ...#..T
....`..0.1$...T.
n.%.
00
D0
01
...0 ....#......
.#..e....... ...
#..S!...#..S%...
....
Infortrend Event Log Reporting:
If you wish to view the state of all physical and logical devices in your RAID engine, use the -zi command as shown
below. The syntax and results will be the same regardless of what type of host or drive interface the particular RAID
engine uses.
[root@BOSS smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -zi /dev/sde
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IFT ER2000R1 S/N "3221234" on /dev/sde (SMART unsupported)(492 MB)
Physical Device Dump: (DeviceMake-Model [Firmware] S/N=SerialNumber Blocks Channel.ID:LUN)
IBM
DNEF-309170 [FYG2] S/N=AJ1P3500 4294443136 Blocks at 2.52:00h [FAILED]
SEAGATE ST336704FC [0002] S/N=3CD0W3BW 71163200 Blocks at 2.53:00h [ONLINE]
IBM
DNEF-309170 [F90F] S/N=AJ1P8126 17392064 Blocks at 2.54:00h [ONLINE]
IBM
DNEF-318350 [F90F] S/N=AK0LS733 35319488 Blocks at 2.55:00h [HOTSPARE-GLOBAL]
IBM
DNEF-309170 [F90F] S/N=AJ1Q3584 4294443136 Blocks at 2.56:00h [FAILED]
IBM
DNEF-318350 [F90F] S/N=AK0LS056 35319488 Blocks at 2.57:00h [UNCONFIGURED]
IBM
DNEF-309170 [F90C] S/N=AJ18V426 17392064 Blocks at 2.58:00h [ONLINE]
IBM
DNEF-309170 [FYG3] S/N=AJ1P3267 17392064 Blocks at 2.59:00h [ONLINE]
IBM
DNEF-309170 [F90F] S/N=AJ197182 4294443136 Blocks at 2.5a:00h [FAILED]
SEAGATE ST1181677FC [0001] S/N=3EM044M0 354075840 Blocks at 2.5b:00h [UNCONFIGURED]
IBM
DNEF-309170 [F90C] S/N=AJ18Q223 17392064 Blocks at 2.5c:00h [ONLINE]
HITACHI DK31CJ-72FC [JJAJ] S/N=1D233942 143886720 Blocks at 2.5d:00h [UNCONFIGURED]
RAID Controller Logical Device Dump:
LD[0] State=[INCOMPLETE] NONRAID DeviceSize=17392064 Blocks
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
209
LD[1] State=[INCOMPLETE] RAID-0 DeviceSize=34783232 Blocks
LD[2] State=[OPTIMAL] RAID-1 DeviceSize=17391616 Blocks
LD[3] State=[OPTIMAL] RAID-1 DeviceSize=17391616 Blocks
General Enclosure and State Reporting:
This function decodes and reports the internal event log along with some environmental state information. The state
information will appear first, followed by the event log. The number of environmental lines will vary depending on
whether or not the RAID engine is in a SAF-TE or SES enclosure and/or if those features are enabled. The dump
below was taken from the same engine that we used to report the -zi information above, so you can see the effects of
the failed disks on channel 52h 208 and 5Ah 208 .
All further dumps in this section were run on the same controller.
[root@BOSS smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -zie /dev/sde
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IFT ER2000R1 S/N "3221234" on /dev/sde (SMART unsupported)(492 MB)
Redundant controller configuration: Primary
Redundant controller status:
Scanning
Original controller role:
Secondary
Current controller role:
Secondary
UPS status:
OK
Information [#1 Type 0181h at 18:28:13 03/29/2005] Controller initialization complete on Primary controller.
Alert [#2 Type 0124h at 18:31:18 03/29/2005] UPC AC power loss detected on Primary controller.
Warning [#3 Type 113Fh at 18:38:58 03/29/2005] Channel 0 reported that a redundant loop failure has been
detected. Now using the surviving logical channel 2.
Warning [#4 Type 113Fh at 18:52:58 03/29/2005] Channel 0 reported that a redundant loop failure has been
detected. Now using the surviving logical channel 2.
Warning [#5 Type 113Fh at 18:54:57 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 82/52h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#6 Type 1101h at 18:55:01 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 82/52h) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Alert [#7 Type 2101h at 18:55:02 03/29/2005] SCSI drive failed on logical drive 0(channel=1, id=82/52h,
lun=0).
Warning [#8 Type 113Fh at 19:01:45 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 89/59h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#9 Type 1101h at 19:01:45 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 89/59h) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Warning [#10 Type 113Fh at 19:12:49 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 86/56h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#11 Type 1101h at 19:12:49 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 86/56h) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Alert [#12 Type 2101h at 19:12:50 03/29/2005] SCSI drive failed on logical drive 0(channel=1, id=86/56h,
lun=0).
Warning [#13 Type 113Fh at 19:13:26 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 90/5ah) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#14 Type 1101h at 19:13:26 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 90/5ah) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Alert [#15 Type 2101h at 19:13:27 03/29/2005] SCSI drive failed on logical drive 0(channel=1, id=90/5ah,
lun=0).
Information [#16 Type 2183h at 19:13:42 03/29/2005] Rebuild continued on logical drive 0.
Information [#17 Type 2184h at 19:23:58 03/29/2005] Rebuild paused due to state change on logical drive 0.
Information [#18 Type 113Fh at 21:08:50 03/29/2005] Channel 0 reported that the fibre loop connection has
been restored.
Full RAID Controller Event Log:
The -ziL option returns basically the same results as the -zie option, but it does not report any enclosure information.
This option only reports the event log.
[root@BOSS smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -ziL /dev/sde
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IFT ER2000R1 S/N "3221234" on /dev/sde (SMART unsupported)(492 MB)
Information [#1 Type 0181h at 18:28:13 03/29/2005] Controller initialization complete on Primary controller.
Alert [#2 Type 0124h at 18:31:18 03/29/2005] UPC AC power loss detected on Primary controller.
Warning [#3 Type 113Fh at 18:38:58 03/29/2005] Channel 0 reported that a redundant loop failure has been
detected. Now using the surviving logical channel 2.
Warning [#4 Type 113Fh at 18:52:58 03/29/2005] Channel 0 reported that a redundant loop failure has been
detected. Now using the surviving logical channel 2.
Warning [#5 Type 113Fh at 18:54:57 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 82/52h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#6 Type 1101h at 18:55:01 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 82/52h) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
210
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Alert [#7 Type 2101h at 18:55:02 03/29/2005] SCSI drive failed on logical drive 0(channel=1, id=82/52h,
lun=0).
Warning [#8 Type 113Fh at 19:01:45 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 89/59h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#9 Type 1101h at 19:01:45 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 89/59h) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Warning [#10 Type 113Fh at 19:12:49 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 86/56h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#11 Type 1101h at 19:12:49 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 86/56h) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Alert [#12 Type 2101h at 19:12:50 03/29/2005] SCSI drive failed on logical drive 0(channel=1, id=86/56h,
lun=0).
Warning [#13 Type 113Fh at 19:13:26 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 90/5ah) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Warning [#14 Type 1101h at 19:13:26 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 90/5ah) reported a select timeout, sector=0h.
Alert [#15 Type 2101h at 19:13:27 03/29/2005] SCSI drive failed on logical drive 0(channel=1, id=90/5ah,
lun=0).
Information [#16 Type 2183h at 19:13:42 03/29/2005] Rebuild continued on logical drive 0.
Information [#17 Type 2184h at 19:23:58 03/29/2005] Rebuild paused due to state change on logical drive 0.
Detailed RAID Controller and Peripheral Report:
The -zix command is designed for storage diagnostic engineers, and should not be used unless the LUNs on the
RAID engine are offline and no longer satisfying I/O requests from application software.
The information that is returned is controller and device-specific configuration hex dumps.
Partial RAID Controller Event Log:
The -ziA flag is like the -ziL 209 flag, but it lets you control the starting number and total count of event log entries.
You would ordinarily use this command as part of a script.
[root@BOSS smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -ziA 4 2 /dev/sde
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered IFT ER2000R1 S/N "3221234" on /dev/sde (SMART unsupported)(492 MB)
Warning [#4 Type 113Fh at 18:52:58 03/29/2005] Channel 0 reported that a redundant loop failure has been
detected. Now using the surviving logical channel 2.
Warning [#5 Type 113Fh at 18:54:57 03/29/2005] Channel 1 (ID 82/52h) reported that a redundant path failure
was detected. Now using redundant logical channel 1.
Additional Information
· Unless you (or your RAID provider) has configured the engine otherwise, you can query this RAID engine by
sending the -I+ command to any LUN.
· RAID subsystem manufacturers and VARs/OEMs mask the make & model of RAID engine they are using by
changing the make and model fields. You may have an Infortrend-based subsystem and not know it.
· By design, our software does NOT allow you to change any configurable parameters except for mode pages. You
cannot use our software as a "configurator".
Continuous Infortrend Polling
The -zm command can be used to continuously poll an Infortrend RAID engine. You would generally combine this flag
with the -F flag which allows you to specify a polling interval. Otherwise, it will use the default polling interval of 10
minutes.
1.52.4 3WARE AMCC RAID Engines
Support for the 3-WARE / AMCC family RAID engines is limited to the 7xxxx, 8xxx, and 9xxx family. This includes the
controllers that work with both SATA and ATA (PATA) disk drives.
The full inquiry command -I+ 54 reports controller-specific information such as firmware revisions and make/model
information. The text highlighted in blue is specific o 3-WARE controllers. There is a chance that you have a
3ware-based controller, but the identification strings have been changed because the controller is relabeled by an
OEM. If our software does not properly report that you have a 3-WARE engine because of this, please let us know,
and we will make the necessary modifications and supply you with an update. The 3ware API does not provide an
elegant way to determine if the controller is a 3-WARE controller, so we rely on interpreting SCSI strings rather than
sending what may be invalid commands which might confuse a non-3ware device.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
211
Benefits of Directly Querying 3WARE / AMCC Controllers
· Use the software to assess RAID health remotely, and not be dependent on a BIOS-based program, or a utility that
only runs on the host console. Since the output can easily be parsed and scripted, the administrator can implement
a phone-home system based on specific parameters. Obviously this can't be done from a BIOS because the host
isn't even running an O/S. Limitations in vendor supplied tools prevent you from creating customized actions
based on health.
· The software can tell you serial numbers of disk drives, the controller, and firmware/driver revisions. SMARTMonUX frees you from having to take a system down to gather patch/BIOS/driver information
· If you are in a high-security area, use the -z3d command as part of a polling daemon that reports that all of the
disks behind a RAID controller are online and have not been taken. We have customers who have "national
security" implications that use the software to make sure that nobody has stolen a disk drive. Remember if you
have RAID5, then somebody could take a disk drive, and the host would run normally on the degraded LUN. Our
software detects disk drive removals behind RAID controllers as not only does it report differences in devices, but it
gives you the unique serial numbers 212 .
[root@frank smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -I+ /dev/sg9
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.30, Build 03-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered 3ware Logical Disk 00 S/N " " on /dev/sg9 (SMART unsupported)(76283 MB)
Inquiry Text Page Data - ANSI defined fields
Device Type:
disk
Peripheral Qualifier:
Connected to this LUN
Removable Device:
NO
ANSI Version:
0 (Not ANSI compliant)
ISO/IEC Version:
0
ECMA Version:
0
Vendor Identification:
3ware
Product Identification:
Logical Disk 00
Firmware Revision:
1.00
Async event reporting: (AERC)
NO
Supports 16-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports 32-bit wide addresses:
NO
Supports ACKQ/REQQ handshaking:
NO
Terminate task supported:
NO
Response data format:
2
Relative addressing supported:
NO
Supports request/ACK data transfer: NO
Normal ACA Supported:
NO
32-bit parallel supported:
NO
16-bit parallel supported:
NO
Synchronous commands supported:
NO
Linked commands supported:
NO
Command queuing supported:
YES
SAF-TE Enclosure services available: NO
VS bit (byte #6/bit #5 set):
NO
VS bit (byte #7/bit #0 set):
NO
Total Capacity (In Bytes):
199988609024
<- Added in 1.30
RAID Controller Information:
Manufacturer:
3ware (AMCC)
Serial Number:
F19002A4430575
Model:
9500S-4LP
PCB Revision:
Rev 019
P-chip Version:
1.50
A-chip Version:
3.20
<- Added in 1.30
Firmware Version:
FE9X 2.04.00.003
BIOS Version:
BE9X 2.03.01.047
Monitor Version:
BL9X 2.02.00.001
JBOD Policy:
Enabled
Cache Policy when Degraded:
Enabled
<- Added in 1.30
AV Mode:
Disabled
<- Added in 1.30
Battery Backup Unit:
Not Present
Battery Backup Unit Status:
N/A
JBOD Policy:
N/A
Number of physical disks:
2
Number of logical disks:
1
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
212
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Number of disk ports:
4
Inquiry Page Hex Dump:
0000: 00 00 00 02 1F 00 00 02 33 77 61 72 65 20 20 20
0010: 4C 6F 67 69 63 61 6C 20 44 69 73 6B 20 30 30 20
0020: 31 2E 30
<- Added in 1.30
........3ware
Logical Disk 00
1.0
You may use the -z3 option to display physical and logical device information ...
[root@frank smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -z3 /dev/sg9
SMARTMon-ux [Release 1.28, Build 01-APR-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered 3ware Logical Disk 00 S/N " " on /dev/sg9 (SMART unsupported)(76283 MB)
Physical Device Dump: (DeviceMake-Model [Firmware] S/N=SerialNumber Blocks DiskNumber.ControllerPort
[DeviceState]
WDC WD2000JD-00FYB0 [02.05D02] S/N=WD-WMAEH2469728
190782 MB at ID.Port 0.1 [OK]
Maxtor 6Y080M0
[YAR51BW0] S/N=Y3JRAGXE
78167 MB at ID.Port 1.3 [OK]
Logical Device Dump:
RAID-1
76283 MB at SCSIID 0 [DEGRADED]
Program Ended.
Reporting AMCC Internal Diagnostic Log (-zd3)
This function should be used in the event the controller or drives report some problem, and can be used by the
manufacturer to further diagnose the problem. The format is controlled by the controller manufacturer, and it is subject
to change. We suggest you do not attempt to write any scripts to parse it.
Here is a subset of a dump. Note the "** End of Diagnostic dump **" string. If you are trying to parse the dump
programmatically, then you may look for this string to indicate the end of the dump.
[root@frank smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -z3d /dev/sg2
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.30, Build 5-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered 3ware Logical Disk 00 S/N " " on /dev/sg2 (SMART unsupported)(190724 MB)
Physical Device Dump: (DeviceMake-Model [Firmware] S/N=SerialNumber Blocks DiskNumber.ControllerPort [DeviceState]
WDC WD2000JD-00FYB0 [02.05D02] S/N=WD-WMAEH2469728
190782 MB at ID.Port 0.0 [OK]
Maxtor 6Y080M0
[YAR51BW0] S/N=Y3JRAGXE
78167 MB at ID.Port 1.3 [OK]
Logical Device Dump:
SINGLEDISK
190724 MB at SCSIID 0 [OK]
SINGLEDISK
76283 MB at SCSIID 1 [OK]
Controller Diagnostic Dump
0 A0 C2 4F 01 01 00
E=0208 I=008E89EC T=00:29:44
: Drive not ready
E=0208 I=008E89EC T=00:29:44 U=0 : Return error status to host
Error, Unit 0: Drive not ready
(EC:0x208, SK=0x04, ASC=0x08, ASCQ=0x00, SEV=01, Type=0x70)
opcode=0xB1
E=0208 I=FFFFD7C4 T=00:29:44 P=0 : Drive not ready, no retries
ata task file written out : cd dh ch cl sn sc ft
: B0 A0 C2 4F 01 01 D1
ata task file read back : st dh ch cl sn sc er
: D0 A0 C2 4F 01 01 00
E=0208 I=008E8A3C T=00:29:44
: Drive not ready
E=0208 I=008E8A3C T=00:29:44 U=0 : Return error status to host
Error, Unit 0: Drive not ready
(EC:0x208, SK=0x04, ASC=0x08, ASCQ=0x00, SEV=01, Type=0x70)
opcode=0xB1
E=0208 I=FFFFD7C4 T=00:29:44 P=0 : Drive not ready, no retries
ata task file written out : cd dh ch cl sn sc ft
: B0 A0 C2 4F 01 01 D1
ata task file read back : st dh ch cl sn sc er
: D0 A0 C2 4F 01 01 00
E=0208 I=008E8A8C T=00:29:44
: Drive not ready
E=0208 I=008E8A8C T=00:29:44 U=0 : Return error status to host
Error, Unit 0: Drive not ready
(EC:0x208, SK=0x04, ASC=0x08, ASCQ=0x00, SEV=01, Type=0x70)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
opcode=0xB1
E=0208 I=FFFFD7C4 T=00:29:44 P=0 :
ata task file written out :
:
ata task file read back :
:
Drive
cd dh
B0 A0
st dh
D0 A0
213
not ready, no retries
ch cl sn sc ft
C2 4F 01 01 D1
ch cl sn sc er
C2 4F 01 01 00
E=0208 I=008E8E9C T=00:29:44
: Drive not ready
E=0208 I=008E8E9C T=00:29:44 U=0 : Return error status to host
Error, Unit 0: Drive not ready
(EC:0x208, SK=0x04, ASC=0x08, ASCQ=0x00, SEV=01, Type=0x70)
opcode=0xB1
Saving PRINTLOG, time=2300170 ...
** End of Diagnostic Dump **
Program Ended.
Reporting AMCC Internal Event Log (-z3L)
This reports the contents of the controller's internal event log. The format is fixed and it is suitable for parsing. Here is
an example of what you would expect to see on a power up. Event log entries are numbered sequentially from zero,
and a power cycle clears the log.
[root@frank smartmon]# ./smartmon-ux -z3L /dev/sg2
SMARTMonUX [Release 1.30, Build 5-DEC-2005] - Copyright 2001-2005 SANtools, Inc. http://www.SANtools.com
Discovered 3ware Logical Disk 00 S/N " " on /dev/sg2 (SMART unsupported)(190724 MB)
Physical Device Dump: (DeviceMake-Model [Firmware] S/N=SerialNumber Blocks DiskNumber.ControllerPort [DeviceState]
WDC WD2000JD-00FYB0 [02.05D02] S/N=WD-WMAEH2469728
190782 MB at ID.Port 0.0 [OK]
Maxtor 6Y080M0
[YAR51BW0] S/N=Y3JRAGXE
78167 MB at ID.Port 1.3 [OK]
Logical Device Dump:
SINGLEDISK
190724 MB at SCSIID 0 [OK]
SINGLEDISK
76283 MB at SCSIID 1 [OK]
Controller Event Log Dump
Event# 0: Code=0000h @ Wed Dec 31 18:00:00 1969 (0x04:0x0000): AEN queue empty
Reporting AMCC Internal Event Log (-z3m)
This reports the health of the subsystem as part of a background monitoring daemon. You would add it as a runtime
parameter when you run the program as either a windows service or UNIX/LINUX daemon. You should combine it
with the -F flag to set a polling interval. (If you do not set the polling flag, then the health will be queried every 10
minutes).
1.52.5 LSI (MPT Internal) RAID Engines
Benefits of Directly Querying LSI RAID Controllers
· Use the software to assess RAID health remotely, and not be dependent on a BIOS-based program, or a utility that
only runs on the host console. Since the output can easily be parsed and scripted, the administrator can implement
a phone-home system based on specific parameters. Obviously this can't be done from a BIOS because the host
isn't even running an O/S. Limitations in LSI-supplied windows-based tools prevent you from creating customized
actions based on health.
· The software can tell you serial numbers of disk drives, the controller, and firmware/driver revisions. SMARTMonUX frees you from having to take a system down to gather patch/BIOS/driver information
· If you are in a high-security area, use the -zdq command as part of a polling daemon that reports that all of the
disks behind a RAID controller are online and have not been taken. We have customers who have "national
security" implications that use the software to make sure that nobody has stolen a disk drive. Remember if you
have RAID5, then somebody could take a disk drive, and the host would run normally on the degraded LUN. Our
software detects disk drive removals behind LSI-based RAID controllers.
· Do you have newer 6Gbit SAS disks, and/or SATA drives? Is everything synced up to highest supported speed?
Look at the Link Max/min 214 rates to find out.
The results below show /etc/smartmon-ux -zd /dev/es/ses0
(You must give it the device name for something that is attached to a LSI internal RAID controller. In this case, the
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
214
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
controller is the LSISAS3800X card, which is a JBOD controller.)
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.38, Build 30-OCT-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered LSILOGIC SYM3600-SAS S/N "0617053320" on /dev/es/ses0 [SES] (Enclosure Services)
Discovered (1) Controllers:
Port #0. /proc/mpt/ioc0
RAID SAS1068 A0
MPT 105
Firmware (1.16.00.01)
IOC 0
x86 BIOS image's version: MPTBIOS-6.12.00.00 (2006.10.31)
Bus/Dev/Fun
Board Name
Board Assembly
Board Tracer
130
3
0
SAS1068
SAS1068's phylinks are (Port 0,1,...,8): 3.0 G, 3.0 G, 3.0 G, 3.0 G, down, down, down, down
Firmware Settings
----------------SAS WWID:
Multi-pathing:
SATA Native Command Queuing:
SATA Write Caching:
SATA Maximum Queue Depth:
Device Missing Report Delay:
Device Missing I/O Delay:
Phy Parameters for Phynum:
Link Enabled:
Link Min Rate:
Link Max Rate:
SSP Initiator Enabled:
SSP Target Enabled:
Port Configuration:
Target IDs per enclosure:
Persistent mapping:
Physical mapping type:
Target ID 0 reserved for boot:
Starting slot (direct attach):
Target IDs (physical mapping):
Interrupt Coalescing:
500605b0000488c0
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
32
0 seconds
0 seconds
0
1
2
3
Yes Yes Yes Yes
1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Yes Yes Yes Yes
No
No
No
No
Auto Auto Auto Auto
1
Enabled
None
No
0
0
Enabled, timeout is
4
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
No
Auto
5
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
No
Auto
6
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
No
Auto
7
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
No
Auto
16 us, depth is 16
Persistent Mappings
------------------Persistent entry 0 is valid, Bus 0 Target 0 is PhysId 5000c5000040f53d
Persistent entry 1 is valid, Bus 0 Target 1 is PhysId 0523270354666c41
Persistent entry 2 is valid, Bus 0 Target 2 is PhysId 0523270354666f3e
Persistent entry 3 is valid, Bus 0 Target 3 is PhysId 0523270354666d4b
Persistent entry 4 is valid, Bus 0 Target 4 is PhysId 0523270354666c4a
Persistent entry 5 is valid, Bus 0 Target 5 is PhysId 5000c5000694c6ea
Persistent entry 6 is valid, Bus 0 Target 6 is PhysId 5000c5000694be86
Persistent entry 7 is valid, Bus 0 Target 7 is PhysId 5000c5000694bb7a
Persistent entry 8 is valid, Bus 0 Target 8 is PhysId 5000c5000694beae
Persistent entry 9 is valid, Bus 0 Target 9 is PhysId 5000c5000694c0de
Persistent entry 10 is valid, Bus 0 Target 10 is PhysId 5000c5000694bffe
Persistent entry 11 is valid, Bus 0 Target 11 is PhysId 500a0b82e0850019
Persistent entry 12 is valid, Bus 0 Target 12 is PhysId 5000c5000694c6e9
Persistent entry 13 is valid, Bus 0 Target 13 is PhysId 5000c5000694be85
Persistent entry 14 is valid, Bus 0 Target 14 is PhysId 5000c5000694bb79
Persistent entry 15 is valid, Bus 0 Target 15 is PhysId 5000c5000694bead
Persistent entry 16 is valid, Bus 0 Target 16 is PhysId 5000c5000694c0dd
Persistent entry 17 is valid, Bus 0 Target 17 is PhysId 5000c5000694bffd
Persistent entry 18 is valid, Bus 0 Target 18 is PhysId 500a0b82e0894019
SAS1068's links are 3.0 G, 3.0 G, 3.0 G, 3.0 G, down, down, down, down
B___T___L
0 12
0
0 13
0
0 14
0
0 15
0
0 16
0
0 17
0
0 18
0
RAID is not
RAID is not
Vendor
Product
SEAGATE ST3146855SS
SEAGATE ST3146855SS
SEAGATE ST3146855SS
SEAGATE ST3146855SS
SEAGATE ST3146855SS
SEAGATE ST3146855SS
LSILOGIC SYM3600-SAS
supported on this port
supported on this port
Rev
MS01
MS01
MS01
MS01
MS01
MS01
0166
SASAddress
5000c5000694c6e9
5000c5000694be85
5000c5000694bb79
5000c5000694bead
5000c5000694c0dd
5000c5000694bffd
500a0b82e0894019
PhyNum
0
1
2
3
5
11
24
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
215
RAID is not supported on this port
Program Ended.
The results below show /etc/smartmon-ux -zdL /dev/es/ses0
This particular controller doesn't support an event log, but the dump will still provide information about the firmware
and chipset.
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered LSILOGIC SYM3600-SAS S/N "0617053320" on /dev/es/ses0 [SES] (Enclosure Services)
Discovered (1) Controllers:
mpt0
RAID SAS1068 A0
MPT 105
Firmware 01100001
IOC 0
This controller does not support event logging
The event log is empty for the above controller, or the feature is not supported by the firmware
Program Ended.
Reporting disk drives only (the -zdq command)
The results below do an efficient scan to just report physical disks seen by the operating system, as well as disk
drives that are hidden behind logical disks created by RAID firmware, using the command smartmon-ux -zdq This
dump was run on a LINUX host that uses a LSI controller configured in RAID-1 mode. Note that some of the disks
report a physical device (/dev/hdb, /dev/sda, /dev/sdb, /dev/sdc). Those disks are directly seen by the operating
system. The HP disk at "Bus 0 Target 5" is only seen by the RAID controller and invisible to the operating system.
(Note for security reasons, the serial numbers were manually changed in this document).
[root@w13 /scratch/common]# ./smartmon-ux -zdq
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.38, Build 30-OCT-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered TSSTcorpCDW/DVD TS-L462D S/N "" on /dev/hdb (SMART unsupported)
Discovered ATA ST3500630NS S/N "9QG43RVS" on /dev/sda (Not Enabling SMART)(476940 MB)
Discovered HP DF072BAFDT S/N "BJL4P86004TB0862" at Bus 0 Target 5 (Not Enabling SMART) (70007 MB)
Discovered ATA WDC WD2500AAJS-2 S/N "WD-WMART1663509" on /dev/sdb (Not Enabling SMART)(238475 MB
Discovered LSILOGIC Logical Volume S/N "" on /dev/sdc (SMART unsupported)(69618 MB)
Here is the -zd dump from the same system, that reveals more about the configuration and how the disks are used.
[root@w13 /scratch/common]# ./smartmon-ux -zd
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.38, Build 30-OCT-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered TSSTcorpCDW/DVD TS-L462D S/N "" on /dev/hdb (SMART unsupported)
Discovered ATA ST3500630NS S/N "9QG43RVS" on /dev/sda (Not Enabling SMART)(476940 MB)
Discovered (1) Controllers:
Port #0. /proc/mpt/ioc0
RAID SAS1068 B1
MPT 105
Firmware (1.18.00)
IOC 0
x86 BIOS image's version: MPTBIOS-6.12.00.00 (2006.10.31)
Bus/Dev/Fun
Board Name
Board Assembly
Board Tracer
130
3
0
SAS1068
SAS1068's phylinks are (Port 0,1,...,8): 1.5 G, down, 3.0 G, down, down, 3.0 G, down, down
Firmware Settings
----------------SAS WWID:
Multi-pathing:
SATA Native Command Queuing:
SATA Write Caching:
SATA Maximum Queue Depth:
Device Missing Report Delay:
Device Missing I/O Delay:
Phy Parameters for Phynum:
Link Enabled:
Link Min Rate:
Link Max Rate:
SSP Initiator Enabled:
500d068000003505
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
32
0 seconds
0 seconds
0
1
2
3
Yes Yes Yes Yes
1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Yes Yes Yes Yes
4
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
5
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
6
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
7
Yes
1.5
3.0
Yes
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
216
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
SSP Target Enabled:
Port Configuration:
Target IDs per enclosure:
Persistent mapping:
Physical mapping type:
Target ID 0 reserved for boot:
Starting slot (direct attach):
Target IDs (physical mapping):
Interrupt Coalescing:
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto
1
Disabled
Direct Attach
No
0
0
Enabled, timeout is 16 us, depth is 4
Persistent Mappings
------------------No persistent entries found
SAS1068's phylinks are (Port 0,1,...,8): 1.5 G, down, 3.0 G, down, down, 3.0 G, down, down
Discovered ST3500630NS S/N "9QG43RVS" on RAID (Not Enabling SMART) (476940 MB)
Discovered WDC WD2500AAJS-22VTA0 S/N "WD-WMART1663590" on RAID (Not Enabling SMART) (238475 MB)
Discovered LSILOGIC Logical Volume S/N "" on RAID (Not Enabling SMART) (69618 MB)
1 volume is active, 2 physical disks are
Volume 0 is Bus 0 Target 4, Type IM (Integrated Mirroring)
Volume Name:
Volume WWID: 0a0cade5ed79d4ab
Volume State: degraded, enabled
Volume Settings: write caching disabled, auto configure
Volume draws from Hot Spare Pools: 0
Volume Size 69618 MB, Stripe Size 0 KB, 2 Members
Volume Device:
Member 1 is PhysDisk 0 at (Bus 0 Target 5)
Discovered HP DF072BAFDT S/N "BJL4P86004TB0862" at Bus 0 Target 5 (70007 MB) state=online PhysDisk=0
Discovered HP DF072BABUD S/N "J2YD2PCA" at Bus 0 Target 8 (70007 MB) state=missing, out of sync PhysDisk=1
Volume 0 State: degraded, enabled
Volume 1 State: optimal, disabled
(Additional output follows, but was truncated as it isn't relevant to the -zd command)
There are several points of interest in this dump.
· Note that the HP Disk S/N J2YD2PCA shows state=missing. That is because this disk is no longer plugged into the system,
· Some ports 215 are running at 1.5 Gbit/sec, others are running at 3 Gbit/sec
· The logical device is degraded 216 (one disk is missing from the RAID-1 mirror)
1.53
Background Media Scan Functions
Reasonably current SCSI, FC and SAS disk drives (such as the Seagate 10K.5 family and above) have a
programmable feature that lets the disk be configured so it scans the disk for correctable errors during idle time. If
your disk has this firmware and capability, you can us the software to configure, disable, and report test results.
What is Background Scanning
The best way to describe background media scanning and explain the benefits comes from Seagate's patent
#7490261 - Background media scan for recovery of data errors. The following abridged text comes from the published
patent itself:
"Media defects can arise at any sector on your disk drive during the lifetime of the storage system (grown
defects). These grown defects include, for example, invading foreign particles which become embedded
onto the surface of the disc, or external shocks to the storage system which can cause the transducer to
nick or crash onto the surface of the disc. Defective sectors pose either temporary or permanent data
retrieval problems.
Read errors are typically determined when the host computer attempts to retrieve user data from a sector
and one or more uncorrected errors exist. Typically, the data storage system includes internally
programmed error recovery routines such that upon determination of a read error, the data storage
system applies a variety of corrective operations to recover user data. Occasionally, the data storage
system exhausts all available corrective operations for recovery of data without success. The data
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
217
storage system will declare a hard error and reallocate the sector by mapping out the bad sector and
substituting an unused, reserved sector. The use of these corrective operations and reallocation
functions can require a significant amount of time during retrieval of user data and thus, limit the
maximum data transfer rate of the data storage system."
It does not matter whether you are using JBOD, hardware RAID or software-based RAID, BGMS will provide
profound improvement in reliability and data integrity with near-zero overhead.
Benefits of BGMS
First, BGMS will fix bad blocks on-the-fly as they are discovered by the firmware. The disk drive will use idle time to
perform multiple re-reads to correct the data. As the bad blocks are discovered BEFORE the O/S actually needs the
data on those blocks, then no programs have to suspend processing while bad blocks are repaired. If your host is
streaming movies into hotel rooms, then user's won't suffer through the experience of a movie stopping for 5-30
seconds while the host and/or RAID subsystem go through the data recovery/remapping process.
If you are using software RAID, then BGMS can somewhat replace data consistency checks, and provide somewhat
self-healing storage farms. In the event the BGMS-enabled disk can not repair a bad block, then you can use the
report SMARTMonUX generates to provide you a list of physical disk drives and offsets where you know you have
unrecoverable data. You can then use a shell script to find bad blocks 220 , then either run a parity rebuild, or issue a
single command to repair the bad stripe by reading the part of the RAID volume that incorporates the bad block(s).
By issuing a read, the RAID software will discover for itself that there is unreadable data and it will fix it for you.
By exploiting the power of BGMS, you could effectively scan and repair any size storage farm 24x7 without the
inherent overhead when the host tries to scan & repair bad blocks via brute-force techniques.
Disable Background Media Scanning
The -bmsd command disables background media scanning.
Usage
smartmon-ux -bmsd DeviceList
Enable Background Media Scanning
The -bmse command disables background media scanning.
Usage
smartmon-ux -bmse n DeviceList
Where: n represents the hourly scanning interval. Once the disk is programmed to enable scanning, the disk will
automatically begin a new scan after the supplied interval. If disk power is lost, the timer will automatically reset to
zero, and scanning will automatically continue. Send the -bmsd 217 command to stop and disable scanning.
Report Background Media Scan Results
The -bmsr command disables background media scanning.
Usage
smartmon-ux -bmsr DeviceList
The command below was run on a SPARC Solaris 10 system that has 6 SAS disks. We added the time command to
the prompt so that you can see how quickly the command runs. This was also run with wild-cards to select all disks
attached to controller #4.
# time ./smartmon-ux -bmsr /dev/rdsk/c4*s0
SMARTMon-UX [Release 1.36, Build 8-JUN-2008] - Copyright 2001-2008 SANtools(R), Inc. http://www.SANtools.
com
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN23ER0" on /dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Background Media Scan Report @ Sun Jun
Accumulated power-on minutes:
8 16:33:03 2008
135086 [94 days]
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
218
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Number of background scans performed:
Background scanning status:
Background scan percentage completed:
Defect#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
8
577a4b
data with retries
1
46392
381f8
data with retries
2
46402
7598a8e
data with retries
3
117139
2cfae2a
data with retries
4
117149
9c9036c
data with retries
5
131136
77b3f4d
data with retries
6
135041
77339d3
data with retries
34
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
0.00
State
Reassignment Status
AdditionalInfo
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN2A027" on /dev/rdsk/c4t13d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Background Media Scan Report @ Sun Jun
Accumulated power-on minutes:
Number of background scans performed:
Background scanning status:
Background scan percentage completed:
Number of defects reported:
8 16:33:03 2008
134976 [94 days]
34
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
0.00
0
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29PAS" on /dev/rdsk/c4t14d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Background Media Scan Report @ Sun Jun
Accumulated power-on minutes:
Number of background scans performed:
Background scanning status:
Background scan percentage completed:
Defect#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
148
d99d9f7
data with retries
1
8855
761f75d
data with retries
8 16:33:03 2008
134904 [94 days]
35
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
0.00
State
Reassignment Status
AdditionalInfo
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29ZZ5" on /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
Background Media Scan Report @ Sun Jun
Accumulated power-on minutes:
Number of background scans performed:
Background scanning status:
Background scan percentage completed:
Defect#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
133
37fc7
data with retries
1
117114
2bf620f
data with retries
2
130954
7b
failed Track following error
3
130954
1c8
failed Track following error
4
130954
37fc7
data with retries
5
131392
37fc8
data with retries
6
133380
38039
data with retries
7
133792
d699104
data with retries
8 16:33:04 2008
134325 [93 days]
35
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
0.00
State
Reassignment Status
AdditionalInfo
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN27XJ9" on /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 (Not Enabling SMART)(140014 MB)
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
Background Media Scan Report @ Sun Jun
Accumulated power-on minutes:
Number of background scans performed:
Background scanning status:
Background scan percentage completed:
Defect#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
46356
3b46c18
data with retries
1
133307
80a34
failed Track following error
219
8 16:33:04 2008
134950 [94 days]
38
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
0.00
State
Reassignment Status
AdditionalInfo
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered
ERR
recovered via in-place rewrite
Controller/drive hardware
Discovered SEAGATE ST3146855SS S/N "3LN29QG4" on /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0 (SMART enabled)(140014 MB)
Background Media Scan Report @ Sun Jun
Accumulated power-on minutes:
Number of background scans performed:
Background scanning status:
Background scan percentage completed:
Defect#
PowerOnMins
HexBlockNumber
0
127
381a8
data with retries
1
46378
de80f44
data with retries
2
56468
3a44867
data with retries
3
86795
a817a7f
data with retries
4
130059
de863e6
data with retries
5
131031
1e240
failed Track following error
6
132850
e01e8c4
data with retries
7
133350
1f62
failed Track following error
8
133350
8034a
failed Track following error
9
133350
805b4
failed Track following error
10
134778
e01e8fa
data with retries
8 16:33:04 2008
134993 [94 days]
35
medium scan halted, waiting for interval timer expiration
0.00
State
Reassignment Status
AdditionalInfo
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware
ERR
waiting for WRITE
Controller/drive hardware
OK
recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered error Recovered
Program Ended.
real
user
sys
#
0m1.15s
0m0.01s
0m0.02s
The PowerOnMins field represents the total minutes that the disk has been powered on. The value is non-volatile, so
the minutes increase only while the disk is powered on. The fields marked with ERR correspond to defects that are in
need of repair. These are bad blocks that can not be read. If the disks are part of a software RAID set, then you
should launch a data consistency repair using whatever utility is appropriate for your operating system.
Note that it took a little over one second to report all unrecoverable blocks for nearly one terabyte worth of storage.
The blocks that it reports were discovered during prior automated background media scans (see the -bmse 217
function in this section).
Using Media Scan Results with Software RAID
BGMS not only improves data integrity by automatically repairing failing blocks by rewriting them, but can also provide
enough information to construct a script to rebuild software RAID volumes when the need arises. For example, if you
have two disks that mirror each other (RAID-1),and smartmon-ux tells you that block #1234 is bad and unreadable,
then you can instruct the operating system to run a consistency repair on the volume to recover. If the media scan
results -bmsr reports that there are no bad blocks, then there is no need to run a manual check for bad blocks that
could take hours or even days if you have a large storage pool.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
220
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
The script, FindBadBlocks.sh 220 utilizes the -bmsr function to enumerate all bad blocks and report them by slice (the
equivalent of a partition). This, in turn, can be used by the system administrator to determine whether or not a repair
is warranted for any particular volume. This script was run against the same Solaris 10 system that supplied the scan
results shown above 217 .
./FindBadBlocks.sh
PhysicalDevPath
Days:Hrs:Min
/dev/rdsk/c1t2d0s0
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
0:00:08
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
32:05:12
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
32:05:22
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
81:08:19
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
81:08:29
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
91:01:36
/dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0
93:18:41
/dev/rdsk/c4t14d0s0
0:02:28
/dev/rdsk/c4t14d0s0
6:03:35
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
0:02:13
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
81:07:54
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
90:22:34
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
90:22:34
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
90:22:34
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
91:05:52
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
92:15:00
/dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0
92:21:52
/dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
32:04:36
/dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0
92:13:47
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
0:02:07
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
32:04:58
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
39:05:08
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
60:06:35
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
90:07:39
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
90:23:51
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
92:06:10
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
92:14:30
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
92:14:30
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
92:14:30
/dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0
93:14:18
Offset
577a4b
381f8
7598a8e
2cfae2a
9c9036c
77b3f4d
77339d3
d99d9f7
761f75d
37fc7
2bf620f
7b
1c8
37fc7
37fc8
38039
d699104
3b46c18
80a34
381a8
de80f44
3a44867
a817a7f
de863e6
1e240
e01e8c4
1f62
8034a
805b4
e01e8fa
State
OK
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
ERR waiting for WRITE Controller/drive
ERR waiting for WRITE Controller/drive
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
Recovered via in-place rewrite
ERR waiting for WRITE Controller/drive
Recovered via in-place rewrite
ERR waiting for WRITE Controller/drive
ERR waiting for WRITE Controller/drive
ERR waiting for WRITE Controller/drive
Recovered via in-place rewrite
hardware failed Track following error
hardware failed Track following error
hardware failed Track following error
hardware failed Track following error
hardware failed Track following error
hardware failed Track following error
1.53.1 Finding Bad Blocks Script
This is the source code for the FindBadBlocks.sh script shown in previous section. It has only been tested under
Solaris 10, but serves as an example of what can be done to extend the functionality of the -bmsr 217 command.
#!/bin/ksh
#
# Script Copyright 2008 SANtools (R) Inc.
# By David A. Lethe david@santools.com
#
# This script parses bmsr output and provides list of devices and known bad blocks
# It is not in public domain
#
Headed=0
function Header {
if [ $Headed -eq 0 ] ; then
printf "PhysicalDevPath
Days:Hrs:Min Offset State\n"
Headed=1
fi
}
function OK {
printf "%-20s
}
-
- OK\n" $LASTDEV
TFILE=/tmp/smartscan.$$
/etc/smartmon-ux -bmsr > $TFILE
LASTGOOD=""
cat $TFILE | while read a b c d e f LASTDEV h
do
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Using S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
221
if [ "$a" = "Discovered" ] ; then
if [ "$b" == "SEAGATE" ] ; then
read a b ; read a b
if [ "$a" != "-Background" ] ; then
read x; read x; read x; read x; read x; read a b
if [ "$a" == "Defect#" ] ; then
DONE=0 ; COUNT=0 ; BAD=0
while read n pow blk REASON
do
if [ "$n" == $COUNT ] ; then
BAD=`expr $BAD + 1`
Header
DAYS=`expr $pow / 1440`
MIN=`expr $pow - $DAYS '*' 1440`
HRS=`expr $MIN / 60`
MIN=`expr $MIN - $HRS '*' 60`
printf "%-20s%5d:%02d:%02d%8s " $LASTDEV $DAYS $HRS $MIN $blk
CANDIDATE=`echo $REASON|grep WRITE`
if [ "$CANDIDATE" != "" ] ; then
echo $REASON
else
CANDIDATE=`echo $REASON|grep 'recovered via in`
if [ "$CANDIDATE" != "" ] ; then
REASON="Recovered via in-place rewrite"
fi
echo $REASON
fi
COUNT=`expr $COUNT + 1`
else
if [ "$BAD" -eq 0 ] ; then
Header
OK
fi
break
fi
done
fi
else
Header
OK
fi
fi
fi
done
rm -f $TFILE
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Part
II
What Do I Do If I Get an Alert
2
What Do I Do If I Get an Alert
2.1
What Does an Alert Look Like?
223
Disk-Related Messages
In the event a S.M.A.R.T. alert is generated by your disk drive, it will be detected by SMARTMon-UX the next time the
program polls the disk. If you have the email option (-M) invoked, your system will send out an email similar to: "
Device on /dev/hd1 SMART Status:FAILED - Failure imminent".
The message header will be "SMARTMon Alert from computer.domain." (i.e., SMARTMon Alert from
system.mydomain.com).
You should take some immediate actions to minimize possibility of data loss.
In addition, this information will be recorded in the Windows Event log or smartmon-ux.log if running Windows family
operating systems or the standard UNIX/LINUX syslog file. See use of the -L 19 and -LRemote 248 command to
control the names of the log files for your particular operating system. The example below shows what the software
reports on a failing SAS disk
# tail /var/log/smartmon-ux
Tue Jun 10 11:11:24 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:20:24 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:11:24 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:20:24 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008: /dev/rdsk/c1t1d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008: /dev/rdsk/c1t2d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t12d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t13d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:24 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t14d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t15d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008 Status:FAILED - Failure
imminent (Predictive Failure Analysis (S.M.A.R.T.) threshold reached)
Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t16d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008 Status:Passed
Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008: /dev/rdsk/c4t17d0s0 polled at Tue Jun 10 11:21:25 2008 Status:Passed
Enclosure-Related Messages (SES)
If you have a component fail in your SES enclosure, the message text might contain something like:
PSU #0 Critical DC failure [LED ON] XYRATEX SS-1202-FCAL 50-05-0C-C0-00-00-3D-DD
The SES code within SMARTMon-UX returns status text messages for all SES pages defined within the specification.
Note that not all SES enclosures monitor all components defined in the spec. You should contact your storage vendor
to learn which SES Components 229 monitor their hardware. Below is a list of components that SMARTMon-UX
monitors and reports
· SES Device Status Element (i.e., disk drive status)
· SES Array Element (i.e., is the device a hot spare, part of a critical array, rebuilding, etc...)
· SES Cooling Element (fans, and fan speed)
· SES Temperature Element (returns temperature and thermal overtemp/undertemp warnings)
· SES Power Element (includes over/under voltage and AC/DC power loss)
· SES Door Lock Element (for each device bay)
· SES Audible Alarm Status Element (muted, enabled, sounding, etc...)
· SES Electronics Status Element
· SCC Electronics Status Element
· SES Volatile Cache Status Element
· SES UPS Status Element (includes battery status, and AC/DC power status)
· SES SCSI Port Status Element
· SES Language Element Status Element
· SES Communication Port Status Element
· SES Voltage Sensor Status Element (displays input voltage)
· SES Current Sensor Status Element (displays current drawn)
· SES SCSI Initiator Port Status Element
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
224
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
In addition, if there is an alert, the software will report the make and model of enclosure along with the world-wide
name.
Regardless of the message type. SMARTMon-UX will make an entry in either the default system log or a log file
specific to smartmon-ux, if the program was invoked with the -L option.
Enclosure-Related Messages (SAF-TE)
If you have a component fail in your SAF-TE enclosure, the message text might contain something like:
Critical - Power Supply #1 Malfunctioning (Commanded on) CNSi JSS122
The SAF-TE code within SMARTMon-UX returns status text messages for all SAF-TE devices defined within the
specification. Note that not all SES enclosures monitor all components defined in the spec. You should contact your
storage vendor to learn which SAF-TE components their hardware monitors. Below is a list of components that
SMARTMon-UX monitors and reports
· Fan Status (Operational; malfunctioning; not installed; unknown)
· Power Supply Status (Operational and on; Operational and off; Malfunctioning and commanded on;
Malfunctioning and commanded off; Not present; Present; Unknown)
· Door Lock Status (Locked; Unlocked; Unknown)
· Speaker Status (Off/No Speaker Installed; On)
· Temperature (Reports value in degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit)
· Device Slot status (for each device bay) Reports No device inserted in slot, Device inserted in slot, Device power
on, Device power off; SCSI ID of device in slot
In addition, if there is an alert, the software will report the make and model of enclosure along with the world-wide
name.
Regardless of the message type. SMARTMon-UX will make an entry in either the default system log or a log file
specific to smartmon-ux, if the program was invoked with the -L option.
2.2
What Immediate Actions Should I Take
If the alert is related to the enclosure, such as a redundant power supply failure, contact
your storage vendor for further instructions.
If, however, the alert is disk-related, do NOT recycle power on your system (if you can help
it). This is because recycling power puts the greatest amount of stress on disk drives, and
it is possible your drive will not spin up again after spinning down.
You should then immediately back-up your data and replace your hard disk drive, because a failure may be imminent.
Sometimes you have a few hours. Other times the drive will work properly for days or even months. The important
thing to remember is that your very sophisticated drive's internal diagnostics have detected a condition where the
drive is in a degrading mode. One or more components are now out of specification.
You should contact Technical Support and give them the reported message. They will take necessary measures and
will inform you accordingly.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Part
III
226
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
3
Getting Help
3.1
About SMARTMon-UX
If this software was bundled on your computer or storage subsystem by your hardware vendor, you must contact them
for technical support. If however, you purchased the software directly from us, you may contact us by sending E-MAIL
to support@santools.com
Our URLs:
Main:
S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor
This online manual
http://www.SANtools.com
http://www.SANtools.com/smartmon
http://www.SANtools.com/smart/unix/manual
Please remember that we are not experts on what each error message or warning on a device means. We also
cannot tell you how much life is left in a drive once it records a critical error.
We do report all significant information which will allow you to have a meaningful conversation with your computer
vendor who will assess if the condition warrants a replacement. Sometimes the problem is in your controller, cabling,
or device configuration.
3.2
Contacting Your Supplier
S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor provides critical information such as serial and model numbers, as well as diagnostic and
historical data. You can use this information to answer any questions your technical support contact should have
regarding the problem you are seeing. With this information you should have no problems expressing the problems
you are having.
You might also want to consider sending them a copy of the system log file that reports all events, SCSI Sense codes,
and time stamps. In addition, running the program as /etc/smartmon-ux -I -A will provide invaluable mode
page and inquiry page data that an engineer may wish to know about. Sometimes making a change to a mode page
will fix a problem.
For intermittent problems, you might also wish to define a shorter polling period.
Here are some other things to consider when contacting your disk supplier:
· Warranty periods vary depending on the disk's make and model. Your supplier might only offer 90 days,
where the manufacturer offers 5 years.
· If you have an OEM drive, the original manufacturer typically will not repair or replace the drive. You will have
to go to your supplier. For example, HP brands Seagate and IBM disk drives. Seagate and IBM will not
necessarily be able to support you because your disk is a model made for HP only. You will have to contact
HP for support.
· A vast majority of the time, the problem with a disk comes down to operator error. They are improperly
cabled, configured, or terminated. Sometimes the device drivers are improperly installed. Sometimes your
tech support person may be skeptical because the last 100 drives they took back on a RMA turned out to be
just fine. Just relax. We have never had a problem returning a drive if they were under warranty.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Part
IV
228
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
4
Frequenty Asked Questions
4.1
What are Sense Codes?
Sense data contains detailed information about error conditions. It is organized into major categories called sense
keys and sub categories called additional sense codes (ASC) and additional sense code qualifiers (ASCQ). The
combination of these data fields can finely convey detailed information about the error condition.
Whenever a command is sent to a SCSI device, the sense data is made available to the device driver.
The sense keys are generic and have the same meaning regardless of the type of device. For example, sense key #1
means to "Check Condition", but the command completed. Combined with the ASC and ASCQ bytes, the condition
check might actually translate into something like, "Fly Height Change Problem, Recommend Device
Replacement". Which would be the case if you had an IBM DGHS Ultrastar and received sense Code of 5d, qualifier
00, additional codes 02 25.
Your syslog file may have these types of messages in them, so in the event of a problem, you should inspect this file.
4.2
What is S.M.A.R.T. and How Does it Work?
S.M.A.R.T. is an acronym for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology, an open standard for developing
disk drives and software systems that automatically monitor a disk drive's health and report potential problems.
Ideally, if a problem is reported, you have enough time to take proactive actions to prevent impending disk crashes.
A S.M.A.R.T. drive monitors the internal performance of the motors, media, heads, and electronics of the drive, while
our software monitors the overall reliability status of the drive. The reliability status is determined through the analysis
of the drive's internal performance level and the comparison of internal performance levels to predetermined threshold
limits.
How does S.M.A.R.T. Work?
Part of what makes the S.M.A.R.T. system possible is that disk drive reliability has been intensely studied for many
years. Manufacturers spend billions of dollars researching how vital areas of disk drives change over time and
operating environments. By analyzing this data, they can define performance thresholds, which correlate to imminent
failures.
SMART Disk Monitor turns on this capability, interacts with it, and reports these conditions to the system
administrator.
Mode Page 1C Settings
All SCSI, Fibre Channel, SSA, and SAS disks allow an application to configure the S.M.A.R.T. behavior by making
changes in mode page 1C. As these changes affect how the disk responds to I/Os when the disk triggers a SMART
condition, it is important that we share this with you along with our rationality for having things the way they are.
ANSI-Defi Description
ned
Field
Name
PERF
Performance bit
SMARTMon-UX
Setting
Notes
EWASC
Enable Warning bit
0.
Enable this for high-throughput i.e., video streaming systems.
This is configurable The disk drive will prioritize application I/O over SMART
with -P 19 option diagnostics.
1
If disk supports this bit, it will be set to 1, otherwise 0.
DEXCPT
Disable Exception bit
0
MRIE
Method of Reporting
6
0 means to turn ON SMART, 1 means turn off SMART.
Use the -p 78 flag to turn SMART off
Setting MRIE to 6 is preferred, as a SMART alert will only be
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Frequenty Asked Questions
Interval Exceptions
(But if 6 not
supported, it
tries 4, then 3)
229
sent in response to a request for it.
MRIE of 4 means that the disk will unconditionally generate a
CHECK CONDITION (recovered error) sense error on I/Os
when/if disk becomes degraded and SMART kicks in.
Setting bit to 3 conditionally generates the same errors,
depending on a mode page setting.
Interval
Timer
Period between
subsequent SMART
error messages
Defaults to 10
minutes
unless -F
command
used to poll more
frequently
Report
Count
# of times to report
SMART status per
interval
0
4.3
MRIE values of 3 & 4 have higher overhead due to
requirement that log pages are updated once SMART alert
kicks in, but 6 is not supported on all disk drives.
The original ANSI spec draft that describes SMART
suggested a 10 minute polling interval. The delay with PERF
off is typically under 400 ms and under 150 ms with PERF on.
You will have to consult your disk drive vendor's
documentation for specific timing values.
This means there will be no limit to number of times SMART
is reported in response to a query.
What are Mode Pages, and How are they Used?
Mode page commands are used to read or set a wide range of device parameters. They are applicable to all devices
that use the SCSI command set. This includes SCSI tapes, fibre channel disk drives, and SCSI CDROMs and disk
drives. IDE disk drives do not use mode pages, nor do CDROMs that use the IDE interface.
Mode pages should never be changed unless you completely understands its function. As they make fundamental
changes to the way a device operates, improper settings can destroy data or render a device invisible to the operating
system. Conversely, proper settings of mode pages can have significant performance benefits. For example,
generally IBM disables write cache on your disk drives. If you are in a write-intensive environment, you might almost
double performance by enabling it. (At the risk of data loss if you do not have a UPS connected to your computer and
you have a power failure).
Your computer and disk drive vendors are the best source for determining how to best modify mode pages for your
operating system and what types of programs you run. They may also tell you if certain mode pages are not
supported by them, as they might sacrifice data integrity for performance.
This document does not provide a tutorial on what each mode page does, and how it is used. We just supply you
software which allows you to view and manipulate mode pages.
The ANSI specification defines a set of mode pages which are typically found in many devices. As most people are
concerned with mode pages specific to disk drives, some of them are shown below to give you an idea of what they
are good for. Manufacturers are also free to define vendor-specific pages. Some may be documented online in their
disk drive programming specification manuals. Other pages may only be available under a non-disclosure agreement.
4.4
SES Specific Definitions
For SES, the following definitions, abbreviations, acronyms, symbols, keywords, and editorial conventions apply.
application client: An object that is the source of SCSI commands and destination for responses to commands.
SMARTMon is the application client.
array device: A device in the enclosure, typically a disk drive.
command descriptor block: The structure up to 16 bytes in length used to communicate commands from
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
230
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
application client to a device server.
critical condition: An enclosure condition established when one or more elements inside the enclosure have failed
or are operating outside of their specifications. The failure of the element makes continued normal operation of at
least some elements in the enclosure impossible. Some elements within the enclosure may be able to continue
normal operation.
device: A mechanical, electrical, or electronic contrivance with a specific purpose.
device server: An object within a logical unit that executes SCSI tasks according to the rules of task management.
device service request: A request, submitted by an application client, conveying an SCSI command to a device
server.
device slot: A position into which an SCSI device may be inserted in an enclosure. The position provides appropriate
power, signal, and control connections to the SCSI device. The position may also provide mechanical protection,
locking capability, automatic insertion, visual device status indicators, and other features to manage the SCSI device
in the enclosure.
device type: The type of device (or device model) implemented by the device server.
element 35 : An object related to an enclosure. The object can be controlled, interrogated, or described by the
enclosure services process. Defined elements are: devices; power supplies; cooling elements; temperature
sensors; door locks; audible alarms; enclosure services electronics; SCC electronics; nonvolatile cache;
UPS; display; keypad; SCSI transceivers; language element; communication port; voltage; current; SCSI
targets; SCSI initiators; and vendor-specific fields.
enclosure: The box, rack, or set of boxes providing the powering, cooling, mechanical protection, and
external electronic interfaces for one or more SCSI devices.
enclosure services: Those services that establish the mechanical environment, electrical environment, and external
indicators and controls for the proper operation and maintenance of devices within an enclosure.
enclosure services device: An SCSI device that monitors and controls enclosure services.
enclosure services process: The object that manages and implements the enclosure services. For an enclosure
services device the enclosure services process also implements the device server.
enclosure services processor: The physical entity that implements the enclosure services process.
information condition: An enclosure condition that should be made known to the application client. The condition is
not an error and does not reduce the capabilities of the devices in the enclosure.
indicator: A machine readable bit that optionally generates an externally visible indication when set.
initiator: An SCSI device containing application clients that originate device service requests to be processed by
device servers.
logical unit: A target-resident entity which implements a device model and executes SCSI commands originated by
an application client.
non critical condition: An enclosure condition established when one or more elements inside the enclosure have
failed or are operating outside of their specifications. The failure of the elements does not affect continued normal
operation of the enclosure. All SCSI devices in the enclosure continue to operate according to their specifications. The
ability of the devices to operate correctly if additional failures occur may be reduced by a non critical condition.
redundancy: The presence in an enclosure of one or more elements capable of automatically taking over the
functions of an element that has failed.
SCSI device: A device that may be connected to a service delivery subsystem and supports an SCSI application
protocol.
target: An SCSI device that receives SCSI commands and directs such commands to one or more logical units for
execution.
unit attention condition: A state that a logical unit maintains while it has asynchronous status information to report
to one or more initiators.
unrecoverable condition: An enclosure condition established when one or more elements inside the enclosure have
failed and have disabled some functions of the enclosure. The enclosure may be incapable of recovering or bypassing
the failure and will require repairs to correct the condition.
4.5
Configuring SNIA HBA API Library
The SNIA Common HBA API library was added to SMARTMon-UX in release 1.23. The library is an industry
standard library used to manage Fibre Channel Host Bus Adapters and discover SAN resources. It was developed
through the Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA).
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This library is supported by Q-Logic, Emulex, JNI, and other manufacturers of Fibre Channel HBAs as well as the
major computer manufacturers such as Sun and HP. The library is safe to run from the perspective that it does not
allow you to make any changes to anything on the SAN that can only be addressed through the SNIA drivers. That is,
if your system is physically attached to disks on the SAN, and your HBA and optional switches are zoned such that a
particular device can be accessed by your host computer, you will be able to make changes to it using the standard
commands and options that have always been in SMARTMonUX. If your system is not authorized by your
administrators to access a particular device, you will be able to see basic information about it using the SNIA
functions 128 , but you will not be allowed to do anything else.
For example, suppose you have a LUN at WWN port number 20:00:00:99:88:AB:CD:EF and another at
20:00:00:99:88:AB:CD:F0. Both LUNs are attached to the HBA in this machine, but you configured your RAID engine
or switch to prevent you from mounting the second (... CD:F0) device. Our software would still let you see that the
second device existed and report information about it. It would not allow you to change mode pages for the device.
That is because the SNIA HBA API library was designed to prevent this for security reasons.
In general, the official SNIA web describes the API as:
"It defines a scope within which application software can be written without attention to vendor-specific
infrastructure behavior. Included within the scope of the Common HBA API are vendor independent
interfaces and services such as:
· Observation and modification of descriptive and operational characteristics of Fibre Channel HBAs and
ports;
· Access to Fibre Channel Fabric Services;
· Discovery and characterization of FCP-2 storage resources;
· Access to Fibre Channel Extended Link Services sufficient to satisfy the FC-MI manageability profile for
Host Bus Adapters;
· Observation of Fibre Channel HBA, Port, and storage access traffic statistics;
· Observation and modification of the availability and representation of Fibre Channel storage resources to
Operating System applications;
· Timely and selective reporting of HBA and fabric configuration, status, and statistical events."
This HBA API is distributed as a runtime file specific to your operating system and your HBA. They are all available
for download on your particular HBA vendor's web site and are typically bundled with the fibre channel device driver.
Below is the official HBA API FAQ. We removed some geeky parts only applicable to developers, reformatted, and
appended SANtools-specific information on our implementation in RED.
HBA API FAQ
1. Introduction
This FAQ is intended to address frequently asked questions about the HBA API. This FAQ is maintained by Benjamin
F. Kuo at TROIKA Networks, Inc. <benk@troikanetworks.com> and Dixon Hutchinson at Legato Systems, Inc. <
dhutchin@legato.com> and is not endorsed or sponsored by the Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA).
2. What's New
A little more information on iSCSI API's and the support Matrix.
Version history:
Version
Date
1.0.0
June 29, 2001
1.0.1
July 10, 2001
1.0.2
1.0.3 - 1. 0.7
August 16, 2001
September 15, 2001 - January 30, 2002
Description
Initial Draft
Resolved initial comments, added support
matrix
Reformat, remove copyright
Update vendor support matrix
3. General Questions
3.1. What is the HBA API?
The SNIA Common HBA API is an industry standard, programming interface for accessing management information
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in Fibre Channel Host Bus Adapters (HBA). Developed through the Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA),
the HBA API has been overwhelmingly adopted by Storage Area Network vendors to help manage, monitor, and
deploy storage area networks in an interoperable way.
The HBA API is implemented as a set of 'C' level API's which allow access to low level, Fibre Channel HBA
information in a platform- and vendor- independent way. The API depends on vendor supplied, vendor specific code
for the vendor's HBAs. The API does not support any vendor's HBA without a vendor specific library.
3.2. What is the history of the HBA API?
The HBA API effort began in March of 2000 in the SNIA Fibre Channel working group. In May of 2000, the HBA API
subgroup was formed. In July of 2000 the 1.0 feature set was frozen and the initial draft submitted to the T11 FC-MI
standards group. Version 1.0 was approved by the SNIA Fibre Channel working group in September of 2000 and is
currently undergoing review as part of the T11 FC-MI Letter Ballot process. Version 2.0 efforts have been ongoing
since December of 2000, with version 2.0 expected by Q2 2002.
3.3. How real is this standard? Specifically, when can I see this working?
The HBA API is in deployment today and was first demonstrated at the Fall 2000 Storage Networking World in
Orlando. (Most, if not all FC HBAs now support the API, but not for all operating systems).
3.4. Is the HBA API an in-band or out-of-band mechanism?
The HBA API is neither. Information from the HBA API can be usually found through an out-of-band mechanism
for management, however can also be accessed in-band through a IP over Fibre Channel connection.
3.5. Does the HBA API support SCSI adapters?
No, the HBA API is limited to supporting Fibre Channel HBAs.
3.6. Does the HBA API support iSCSI adapters?
Not yet, however there has been discussion on adding iSCSI support in the future. There is a separate working group
(IPS TWG) within SNIA working on an API for iSCSI.
3.7. How secure is the HBA API? Can a rogue program disrupt my SAN through the HBA API?
There are no calls in the current HBA API which are able to read or write data from storage or otherwise affect SAN
operation. All current SCSI calls in the HBA API are informational (read-only) calls. However, the CT pass through
command does allow read and write of information from a switch, if allowed.
4. Installation and Usage
The HBA API is implemented as a common library which depends on vendor-specific libraries for specific HBA model
support.
4.1. What files are installed to use the HBA API?
The HBA API consists of three major parts (vendor library, common library, and registration) that are installed on a
system to operate.
· On Windows systems:
· HBAAPI.DLL is the common library, installed in %SYSTEMROOT%/SYSTEM32.
· The vendor install software will write a registry entry in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\SNIA with the
location of the vendor-specific library.
· Vendors will install a vendor library, typically in the same location the vendor stores their driver software.
· On Unix systems:
· libHBAAPI.so is the common library, installed in /usr/lib for 32-bit systems, and the appropriate 64-bit library
locations depending on operating system.
· The vendor install software will write a line to /etc/hba.conf with the location of their vendor-specific library.
· Vendors will install a vendor library, typically in the same location the vendor stores their driver software.
4.2. Where does the HBA API common library get installed?
· On Windows systems:
· HBAAPI.DLL is the common library, installed in %SYSTEMROOT%/SYSTEM32.
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· On Unix systems:
· libHBAPAI.so is the common library, installed in /usr/lib for 32-bit systems, and the appropriate 64-bit library
locations depending on operating system.
· HP/UX (32-bit) links /opt/snia/api/lib/libHBAAPI.sl to /usr/lib
· HP/UX (64-bit) links /opt/snia/api/lib/pa20_64/libHBAAPI.sl to /usr/lib
· For LINUX32, LINUX64, and SPARC Solaris, we bundle our own HBA API library. Our installer will copy it to
/usr/lib as libHBAAPISANtools.so. This was necessitated because we saw some inconsistencies between
the API libraries bundled with Qlogic, Emulex, and JNI. If you have installed the manufacturer's standard
libHBAAPI.so file, and running one of these operating systems, that library will be ignored. You must install the
libHBAAPISANtools.so file in /usr/lib. No entries will be required in the /etc/hba.conf file. If you have another
application running that uses the standard libHBAAPI runtime, it is not supposed to conflict. If you discover an
application that results in a conflict, please let us know.
4.3. Can I issue any arbitrary SCSI command with the HBA API?
No. The scope of the HBA API is limited to discovery of Fibre Channel components. Generic SCSI pass through has
been discussed, but has been deemed generally dangerous, as it bypasses the operating system protections and also
causes several SCSI-related issues (including problems with breaking reservations, potentially corrupting data, or
interrupting I/O). As such it is not included in the API.
4.4. What is the difference between a platform WWN and a node WWN?
· platform WWN - unique world-wide identifier for a computer system used to tie together in software the association
between many components within that system
· node WWN - unique world-wide identifier used to associate many port world wide names within a system. This is
used currently in two ways: first, to specify the relationship between ports on a common device (one node WWN
and several port WWNs on a HBA), secondly to identify ports on a system (one node WWN and many port WWNs
on a system with many HBAs). Unfortunately the use of this is not consistent within currently deployed hardware.
4.5. What is persistent binding?
Persistent binding is a feature of HBAs which remembers the last SCSI address a particular Fibre Channel target has
been mapped to. For example, that a port on a physical disk (world wide name 01:02:03:04:05:06:07, LUN 0) was last
seen at SCSI address (bus=0,target=3,lun=0) on the operating system. Persistent binding ensures that this is
consistent from reboot to reboot unless changed by the user.
Some HBA vendors automatically persistently bind devices, while others require manual configuration. Persistent
binding is most important in the case of operating systems which remember devices by SCSI address or in the case
of raw volumes used by databases.
5. Development Questions
5.1 What is the common HBA library?
The common library is a component of the HBA API, typically called HBAAPI.DLL or libHBAAPI.so which loads vendor
specific library support for HBAs. (This library is specific to an operating system and is supposed to be
bundled with the HBA API drivers supplied by your controller vendor. If that is not the case, please let both
your HBA vendor know about this, as well as SANtools so we may work with your HBA vendor to supply the
proper files and get them tested.)
5.2 What operating systems are supported by the HBA API common library?
The initial work on the HBA API was done on Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Solaris 2.6, 2.7, and 2.8. Other
operating systems are also planned for support. (SPARC Solaris 7-9, Windows 2000/XP/2003, HPUX, and LINUX
are available. Other operating systems may have them as well, but are not supported by SMARTMon-UX.)
5.3 Does the HBA API support asynchronous event notification?
Version 1.0 of the spec does not support asynchronous event notification, however this capability is a central part of
Version 2.0 of the spec.
5.4 What is the maximum buffer size that can be passed to the common HBA function
HBA_SendCTPassThru?
This is a vendor specific limitation and depends on the vendor of your HBA. (It does not matter, we do not use this
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function call ... yet).
5.5 Why was the HBA_ResetStatistics call removed?
The HBA_ResetStatistics call was removed because it was decided that resetting statistics counters is an undesirable
function. Because any application accessing the HBA API could reset statistics, this could potentially confuse other
software monitoring statistics counters. (We did not implement this feature for obvious reasons).
6. Resources
6.1 Who is behind the HBA API standard?
During the first Storage Networking World conference with the HBA API demo the following vendors endorsed the
HBA API Interoperability Theme: Adaptec, Agilent, BMC Software, Brocade, Connex, EMC, Emulex, FCIA,
FibreAlliance, HP, Highground, Hitachi Data Systems, Interphase, InterSAN, JNI, Legato, McData, NCITS, Prisa,
Qlogic, StorageNetworks, SNIA, Tivoli, TROIKA Networks, Veritas, and Vixel. Other vendors also have announced
their support since that time.
6.2 What HBA vendors support the HBA API?
Agilent, Emulex, Interphase, JNI, and Qlogic, TROIKA Networks have all publicly announced their support for the HBA
API. You should check with your individual vendor if they are not listed here.
6.3 Which HBA manufacturers/models have HBA API libraries available?
Below is just a subset of manufacturers and models which have downloadable SNIA libraries. You should check with
your hardware vendor for current drivers and runtimes.
Vendor Name
Emulex
JNI
LSI Logic
TROIKA Networks
HBA
Almost all
Almost all
Almost all
Zentai Z-2400+
Supported O/S
Windows, Solaris, LINUX
Windows, Solaris, LINUX
Windows, Solaris, LINUX
Windows
Qlogic Corp
ATTO Technology
QLA2100+
Windows, Solaris, LINUX
Agilent Technologies
Hewlett-Packard
ExpressPCI FC 3300
Windows
ExpressPCI FC 3305
ExpressPCI FC 2600
ExpressPCI FCSW
(and more)
HHBA-5101C
Windows
HHBA-5121A
HHBA-5221A
HHBA-5220A
All Tachyon HBAs, rev B.11.00.10 HPUX 10.1 and above
or higher (except A3591B,
A3404A, A3636A, A3740A)
Contact
http://www.emulex.com
http://www.jni.com/Drivers
http://adapters.lsilogic.com
http://www.troikanetworks.co
m
http://www.qlogic.com
http://www.attotech.com/soft
ware
http://www.agilent.com
HP Support (they are
bundled with HPUX and the
HBA cards) and available
through the registered
support site.
They are also part of the
standard HPUX 11.0 and
above O/S distribution
CDROMs, and are
pre-loaded on all systems.
SANtools-specific
7.1. What happens if the HBA API runtime is not installed on this system?
If you run the software with either the -fc 128 , -fcping 140 , or any other option that starts with "fc", the software will
just report that there are non SNIA-supported HBAs attached to your system. All of the other functionality relating to
direct-attached fibre channel devices will be unaffected.
7.2. What if I have more than one make and/or model of HBA in my system?
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Frequenty Asked Questions
235
Everything. It works just fine, provided all of the adapter-specific drivers are properly installed and configured. If they
are not, then the software simply will not report anything for the adapters that do not have the library files installed.
7.3 Where are the configuration files stored on my UNIX/LINUX machine.
The runtime library files are ordinarily stored in /usr/lib. The file, /etc/hba.conf instructs the library how to
cross-reference the description of the card with the specific library file. See the below example:
# contents of file /etc/hba.conf
#
# This file contains names and references to HBA libraries
#
# Format:
#
# <library name> <library pathname>
#
# The library name should be pre pended with the domain of
# the manufacturer or driver author.
org.snia.sample32
/usr/lib/libsample.so
com.jni.fibrestar32
/usr/lib/libhbaapijni.so
com.qlogic.qla32
/usr/lib/libhbaapiqla.so
com.emulex.lightpulse32
/usr/lib/libhbaapiemu.so
com.jni.fibrestar64
/usr/lib/sparcv9/libhbaapijni.so
com.emulex.lightpulse64
/usr/lib/sparcv9/libhbaapiemu.so
7.3 Where are the configuration files stored on my Windows-family PC?
Registry entries are made to provide the windows-specific implementation of the /etc/hba.conf file. The HBA library
installers created by all the HBA vendors automatically do this for you. They are also supposed to append additional
entries for other HBAs as needed.
4.6
Windows Device Naming Conventions
With the advent of release 1.25, we believe we have introduced a better solution to problems unique to the Windows
family operating systems and device naming conventions. Specifically, the operating system does not always assign
the same physical device name to a device on every boot-up, particularly with fibre channel disks on a SAN. If you
have devices such as SCSI processors (I.e., RAID controllers) or SES processors, it will assign a device such as
\\.\SCSI2 to all devices on the same SCSI controller. The convention is only applicable to devices which use the SCSI
interface, which would include fibre channel peripherals and SCSI processors and enclosures. The change was
necessitated by Microsoft's new STORPORT drivers which have a slightly different mechanism for direct I/O.
What we have done is added a second naming convention for physical devices which should be much more constant
between reboots and hot plugging and unplugging storage. The program will still recognize device names such as
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE3 or \\.\SCSI2, and will work as before with those device names for compatibility purposes.
However, you can now address devices by a more descriptive name that ties the device name to the hardware paths,
rather than some pseudo-randomly defined order based on when the O/S discovers a device.
The new device names take the format \\.\SCSIaPortbPathcTargetdLune where letters a,b,c,d, and e represent the
hardware paths which tend to stay constant, even in a SAN environment were devices could be inserted or removed
for the SAN at any time. The program will still support the older \\.\PHYSICALDRIVEn format if you care to use it, but
the software will always default to the \\.\SCSI type format if you do not specifically put in a device path which instructs
SMARTMonUX to scan for devices.
Determining Device Names
The best way to see both formats of device names for your peripherals is to enter smartmon-ux -I from the command
line. By not supplying a list of devices, the software will scan for everything it can discover. By design, it also creates a
scratch file, called FileList.txt which will be saved in the current directory.
On this machine, if we type out FileList.txt, we see ...
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target4Lun0 path=0 port=2 id=4 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336753FC
] [0002] \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target4Lun0
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\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target5Lun0 path=0 port=2 id=5 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003] \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target5Lun0
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target6Lun0 path=0 port=2 id=6 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336753FC
] [0002] \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target6Lun0
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target16Lun0 path=0 port=2 id=16 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target16Lun0
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target18Lun0 path=0 port=2 id=18 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target18Lun0
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target19Lun0 path=0 port=2 id=19 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target19Lun0
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1 path=0 port=2 id=4 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336753FC
] [0002]
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE2 path=0 port=2 id=5 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE3 path=0 port=2 id=6 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336753FC
] [0002]
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE4 path=0 port=2 id=16 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE5 path=0 port=2 id=18 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE6 path=0 port=2 id=19 lun=0 type=0 [SEAGATE ] [ST336605FC
] [0003]
\\.\CDROM0 path=0 port=1 id=0 lun=0 type=5 [HL-DT-ST] [DVD-ROM GDR8081N] [0110]
By comparing the values for the path, port, id, and lun, we can see that \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE1 maps to the same
device as \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target4Lun0. Therefore, both device driver names can be used interchangeably
throughout the program.
However, we advise using the \\.\SCSI type device name format since this is tied to the physical path, where the
\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE format is assigned by the O/S in whatever order it wants to. If you add another controller to your
system, or add/remove a device, the \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE type driver may change for any or all of your peripherals.
Removing Duplicate Entries
SMARTMonUX will ALWAYS scan for devices when you invoke it, in order to provide support for both device names,
and to insure that scripts that do not specify particular devices will not execute on the same device twice with both
device names. The default device name will always be the \\.\SCSI type device.
4.7
Update Revision History
Version 1.43 (Released DEC 2009)
· Increased maximum block count for -scrub family commands from 112 to 120 blocks (which results in slightly faster
scrubbing and DVT testing)
· Added support for Newisysvi l 2240 and 2241 SES enclosures
· Added full support for disk scrubbing, verification, -read, and DVT tests when disks formatted to 520 or more bytes
per block. (The -read 103 command would return an error message unless the disk was formatted to 512 bytes per
block)
· Enumerates vendor-specific health information for STEC Solid-State Disk SSD products (End-to-end errors,
aborted commands, uncorrectable errors, and more)
· Fixed problem on some Infortrend RAID controllers where firmware revision was displayed as numeric information
rather than text string.
· Program now properly reports serial number for Intel's SSR212MC storage appliances.
· You can now upgrade SES firmware on Intel's SSR212MC appliances, as well as Newisys SAS/SATA 2240 and
2241 enclosures.
· Added 5 newly-defined ANSI TapeAlert codes defined in 2009
· Increased timeouts for issuing the -read command in situation where device might be spun down. (Now it is 30
seconds)
·
Version 1.42 (Released NOV 2009)
· Fixed buffer over run if reporting on a 10Gbit FC disk
· Added support for AIX 5.3
· Added new self-tests for ATA/SATA disks (windows only, limited MAC 10.5+ support), and allow use of all self tests
on all SCSI, FC, SAS peripherals, rather than disk drives only. (-stefa, -steba, -stsba, -staa, -stra)
· 64-bit support for reading raw ATA disks greater than 2TB added
· Background low-level formatting -formatb and -formatconf to suppress are-you-sure message added. In
addition -random added to randomize data.
· Support for enumerating all peripherals updated to latest SATA 3.0 specifications and SCSI specifications, resulting
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Frequenty Asked Questions
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in reporting several hundred new fields)
Major enhancement to LSI internal RAID logic to support SAS-2 peripherals and next generation of API.
Added email-reporting to Infortrend hardware that is being monitored
Increased sizes of pass-through to prevent truncating log pages > approx 60KB.
Added vendor-unique enumeration and reporting for several dozen new disk drives, SES enclosures and tape
drives. See -V+ 166 option for latest list.
· Removed need for scratch file during enumeration, which prevents multiple instances in same directory from
conflicting with each other when they run concurrently. Scratch files now stay in RAM as needed and are
automatically purged when the program terminates.
· Added new option -M in threshold monitoring for monitoring and reporting values on polling period
· The -F 0 option to perform SMART poll once and exit was previously limited to windows, now it works on all
operating systems.
· Added support for HP's VMS / OpenVMS [Via a restricted reseller channel]
· Significantly improved performance of all -secure erase tests, and self-tests, they run as much as 3 times faster.
· Enhanced NIC-based licensing so it no longer keys off of first ethernet controller.
· Fixed problem enumerating HP MAS70 and Newisys SES enclosures by increasing a buffer size. Added SES
command to control drive ID bay LEDs.
· Added -sqq option to suppress all logging
· Added -HEALTH and -HEALTHFULL options
· Added several options for media verification -verify
Version 1.39 (Released OCT 2008)
· Added additional reporting capability for LSI-family embedded and PCI-based RAID and JBOD controllers (Board
information; enumeration of RAID configuration; reformatted output to make it easier to understand; report serial
numbers of individual drives.
· Added -zdq parameter for reporting just disk drives behind LSI-family embedded and PCI-based RAID controllers
· Added -flashses7 command, originally added to SPARC-Solaris version 1.38 only to all operating systems.
· Additional fields to enumerate health and configuration of LSI-family external RAID subsystems was added.
· The -zd 213 family of commands now report the physical device name that the operating system assigns to physical
and logical disks. If a disk is part of a RAID configuration, it will report bus and target information only.
·
·
·
·
Version 1.38 (Released SEP 2008)
· Added -flashses7 command for flashing SES enclosures that require "type 7" firmware updates. (LSI SAS Shea
enclosures, for example)
· (This is an interim build that served as a test revision until the -flashses7 was fully tested)
Version 1.37 (Released JUN 2008)
· 64-Bit HP/UX added
· The -flash 47 command no longer limits itself to disk drives. If the target device is SCSI, SAS, or Fibre Channel,
and it supports the ANSI-standard firmware flashing mechanism, then the command will allow firmware to be
flashed to any device type.
· Added -flashses command to flash new SES firmware on supported enclosures
· Support for SES / enclosure management added for Intel SSR212MC systems which are OEMed by numerous
vendors (such as the HS-1235E by Xyratex)
· Fixed problem that caused program to crash if there was a 3WARE controller configured without any disks and user
sent command to enumerate the configuration.
· Program now traps kill, quit, CTRL-C commands/keystrokes, and exits with the ABORTEDBYUSER 7 return code
22 and displays appropriate message depending on whether user terminated the program or it was terminated by
the operator. It now also insures that all scratch files are deleted when program is aborted by user.
Version 1.36 (Released May 2008)
· Added a series of commands to spin SCSI/FC/SAS disks up (-spinup 127 ), down, and to query spin status
· Added -EPL 37 family of SES commands to support LSI Shea enclosures, as well as other enclosures that report
array devices
· LSI Shea SAS family enclosures now report vendor-unique configuration fields
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·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
All Seagate SAS family disks as of this date added to vendor-specific database
Additional SATA/ATA-8 commands added to enumerated error list and inquiry version fields
Additional vendor-specific SMART fields enumerated for Maxtor, Fujitsu, and Seagate SATA disks
Significantly more information reported for LSI MPT-family RAID controllers (seen in HP, Dell, IBM and other
systems)
-bmsr 217 command that reports background scanning results enhanced with additional output
Support for LSI MPT-family RAID 213 controllers added to SPARC Solaris version
The -O 74 command now works in Windows platform
Additional return codes 7 added
(Version 1.36B, released June 2008, adds support for Intel Storage Servers)
Added additional vendor-specific SATA S.M.A.R.T. entries
Version 1.35 (Released Dec 2007)
· Propagated increased SCSI pass-through buffer enhancement introduced in 1.34 to all LINUX variants
· Added commands to support DELL (LSI) family RAID controllers (-zd) (-zdd) (-zdL)
· Corrected total number of blocks on disk drive as shown on drive testing summary, quantity was last block number
instead of total number of blocks.
· (Enhanced random number generator for secure erase .. it now uses cryptographic-quality ISAAC random number
generator, and EVERY bit is randomized, not just a 16KB repeating pattern throughout the disk.
· Added new return code (12) for secure erase test, used to indicate that data on disk is not random
· SATA/ATA device support improved for SPARC Solaris, full ATA Identification report now generated
· ANSI-standard fields for ATA-8 class devices now enumerated
· Additional fields specific to 3WARE/AMCC 9x00 RAID controllers running firmware released after JUN 2007 added
· New function (-z3m) that dumps 3WARE/AMCC RAID controller event logs added
· Windows 2008 & Vista support added (For X86, IA64, and X86_64 architectures)
· Mac OSX 10.5 support for both Power PC & Intel architectures added
· -securecheck 111 and -securecheckall 111 functions added to Secure Erase
· Secure erase support added for SATA/ATA disks
· Program now reports device make/model as part of low-level format Are-you-sure message
· -Cx 66 command to and/or suppress limitations to field size masks
· Windows-family EMAIL engine now supports -Port command which facilitates setting a non-standard SMTP port to
mail server
· - Secure erase logic now completes the random I/O phase significantly faster, now it takes only 25% more
time then
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the all-ones or all-zeros phase, instead of taking almost 3 X as long.
Version 1.34 (Released Oct 2007)
· (Windows-only) Increased size of SCSI pass-thru buffer from 32K to 64K to support certain vendor-unique log
pages,
· Approx 100 additional reportable fields applicable to Engenio (LSI) external RAID engines added
· Added additional inquiry data reporting specific to SATA disks attached to SAS/SATA controllers (SAT protocol)
· Windows version now utilizes single executable that works for systems that do not have SNIA FC drivers installed
(Previous releases were distributed with 2 separate executables)
· Background media scanning commands added (-bmsd) (-bmse) (-bmsr)
Version 1.33 (Released Jul 2007)
· X86_64 LINUX build released
· Reporting & configuring background media scans added
· Additional vendor-unique log pages added
· (Windows-only) temporary files for windows versions are now saved in user-specific temp file directory instead of
executable's directory.
· (Non-Windows) temp files now start with /tmp/santoolsXXXXXX rather than /tmp/junkXXXXXX
· MAC-address based licensing added for Windows family versions
· Background initialization sub page now reported
· ANSI SES-page A now reported
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Additional mode page fields (EER, ACC, TPGS) added
SAS protocol log page now reported when log pages are queried
NAA IEEE ID now reported with -I+ 53 option
AIX 5.X SCSI passthrough support added
Approx 50 new SCSI sense code text messages added
Vendor-unique fields for Xyratex 1603 (SAS / SATA EBOD) enclosures added
Version 1.32 (Released Dec 2006)
· New feature, -capacitybs 28 added which will change block size (you would primarily use this to change disks
formatted at 520 bytes/block to 512 or vise-versa.
· The program decodes new SATA/ATA-7 ANSI descriptors introduced since 2006
· Changed error message on -mpimport 95 if option invoked with invalid parameters.
Version 1.31 (Released Mar 2006)
· -wsc 125 option added, so a write same test will optionally terminate on first error
· Numerous enhancements added to support disks speaking SAT protocol. This includes adding additional error
messages and decoding protocol-specific EVPD inquiry and log pages.
· The -confirm 125 flag is now also supported on the write-same commands
· Program now decodes information for new scsi device types (bridge, OSD, ADC, logical units) and protocol flags
(dozens of new entries) for devices (up to SPC-4)
· -H+ 68 and -C+ 68 flags added to support devices which do not properly decode log page 0.
· If a direct access device reports zero blocks then this is no longer reported as an error.
· Approx 50 new ANSI sense messages are now decoded.
· EVPD page 89 is now reported for SAT devices
· QUALSTAR tapes now added to decoded list
· Returns "Can not determine device size" rather than 0 if disk drive reports invalid size.
· Decodes new ANSI fields in Mode page 10.
· Added ST314685SS, ST3146854SS, S373454SS, ST33675SS, ST973401SS, ST936701SS SAS disks to
database.
· Enhanced the tables that describe ANSI compliance levels for all SCSI family peripherals, so all entries are returned
with the +I rather than the interface information.
· Updated SMART tables for Fujitsu family disks
· Addressed bug specific to Adaptec 29120AS adapters on windows that caused program to crash when performing
SCSI inquiry.
· Program now partially reports slot information for Xyratex Sumo family enclosures.
· The drive fitness test warning screen now returns make/model information of the selected disk drive.
· Fixed "parametrs" typo when windows version launches as a service.
· Added -secure 111 function for DoD secure erase for SCSI, SAS, Fibre channel disks
· Fixed LINUX-specific bug that would crash program if run w/o ANY options and the system did not have any ATA
disks.
· LINUX version might report 0 defects, if there are approx 1500 or more defects. This logic now works as long as
LINUX kernel supports 12 and 16-byte SCSI commands (2.6 or higher).
Version 1.30 (Released Dec 2005)
· Decoded additional vendor-unique S.M.A.R.T. descriptions for Recovered ECC error on non-Hitachi disk drives.
· Decoded newer ATA/SATA disk identifiers introduced in ATA/SATA-7 ANSI specifications.
· Program no longer displays block of zeros if a S.M.A.R.T.-compliant disk does not return S.M.A.R.T. data when told
to do so. (This happens in event of a hardware problem with a disk).
· Added support for HP/UX on Itanium hardware
· Prevented problem where a certain vendor repackages an 3Ware (AMCC) 210 controller and the software did dot
detect this, so enhanced functionality was not available to those logical disks.
· Now reports invalid option message rather than crashing program if -G 157 option is not followed by a temperature
value, or -mail 8 command is not used with proper attributes.
· E-Mail alerts under windows now additionally report IP-based host and domain and name of client PC that
generated the alert.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
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The program no longer accepts invalid options for the -mail 8 command, and provides appropriate warning.
-ZM 201 option (Mylex-engine-specific) now reports a SAN Mapping table
-z3d 212 option to report 3Ware internal controller diagnostic dump was added.
-z3L 213 option to report 3Ware internal controller event log was added.
New fields were added to the -I+ 54 dump for 3Ware (AMCC) 210 controllers (these include cache policies, battery
information, A/V mode and several others)
The drive fitness tests now have a user-defined option that allows the tests to terminate on the first error, rather
than requiring them to complete.
The WWN now prints on all fibre channel disk drives rather than Seagate disks (with the -I+ 54 option).
Made several cosmetic changes to usage information returned by the -help 18 command
-capacity 28 command added that changes reported/usable drive capacity on SCSI, FC, & SAS disks.
-confirm 17 option added to most destructive (and potentially destructive) commands that normally ask an are-yousure message
A "Total Capacity (in bytes)" line was added to the inquiry dumps (-I 53 and -I+ 54 )
The Windows 9.3 driver update for 3Ware (AMCC) was not compatible with this software so the software did not
recognize any of their RAID controllers. This new build incorporates a revised library that resolves the problem.
3ware (AMCC) support 210 has been added to the IA64 LINUX & Windows.
Version 1.29 (Released Aug 2005)
· Added auto-launch program capability in event of a predictive drive failure (the -LB 13 command).
· Added standardized return-codes 7 to facilitate in using SMARTMon-UX in script files.
· Additional scrub family drive fitness tests 118 added.
· Disk firmware flashing support for full family of Fujitsu SCSI and Fibre channel disks added.
· The windows version can now run as a native Windows service routine 14 .
· Infortrend RAID reporting now reports IP settings for the controller.
· Drive firmware flashing logic increases chunk size on non-LINUX platforms in order to marginally speed up drive
flashing process.
· The software now allows you to test predictive failure actions by using the -T 11 flag in combination with sending
out emails, generating event log messages and launching predictive failure scripts 12 . Previously, the -T flag could
only be used to send out a test message via email.
· Added the -sq 21 option which suppresses logging of successful polling messages in the event log specified by
other command-line options.
· Added the -scrubt 121 command to terminate self tests upon first error found.
· In order to support running as a service, the windows release was compiled as a threaded application. This has a
negligible affect on performance.
Version 1.28X (Latest patches released since June 2005)
· Added the -rc 31 command that corrupts blocks to deal with vendor-specific Reverse ECC capability found in
Seagate Cheetah 7 family disks and fixed the problem that prevented the Windows family version of the program
from issuing the command properly.
· Setting the polling frequency to 0 (-F 0 18 ) instructs the program to poll SMART once then exit.
· Removed terminating line feed character from event log messages (applicable to Windows version only).
· Added 80+ additional vendor-unique entries for Fujitsu MAT family disks and HP C7438A tapes & autochangers.
· New windows-specific -Mail 8 flag for configuring mail servers that require authentication.
Version 1.28 (Released Apr 2005)
· Limited support for ATA disk drives on Apple OS X and SPARC Solaris. The devices cannot yet be polled, but the
detailed configuration information can be reported with the -I 53 .
· Several typos introduced with new functionality were fixed.
· Added subsystems which can be used to detect if a device fails or is removed.
· Logic added to support OS X ATA disks. (-I 57 , -I+ 54 , -O 74 , -S 72 options only. Program does not poll, but does
enumerate devices and report serial number information).
· Fixed buffer overflow that would present itself with -fc option for HBAs that had events in event log where total text >
63 characters.
· -fc 128 command now translates FC-4 types into text (I.e., reports "Fabric services" or "Fibre channel services"
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Frequenty Asked Questions
241
instead of just a hex string
· If a disk had spun down, software would report "Disk not ready - skipping" when testing for SMART capability.
· If no disks are on the computer, and user wanted to monitor them, previous (UNIX/LINUX) releases would still
respawn into the background. This no longer happens.
· (LINUX only) The program would terminate if run with -I+ 54 option and the total number of defect information
exceeded 0xfff8 bytes. (Approx 5000 defects). This was due to SCSI pass-through issue.
· New -ping 102 function added for background polling. This has slightly different message which reports serial
number of removed disk. In the event the disk is returned, it reports that also. The -ping 102 option will NOT report
a disk offline event every polling period if the device is not responding. It will only report first time it is missing, and
when/if it is returned.
· Note: The software currently does NOT check to see if the returned disk has same serial number and make/model
as one that was originally there. Many operating systems & drivers would prevent this from happening as they
would assign a different device name, but this is not guaranteed.
· Demo versions of the program more aggressively detect evaluation timeouts.
· Modified logic that recognizes SGI TP9400 RAID subsystems that did not have all optional firmware features.
· Fixed problem with the -rb 104 (reassign blocks) command. The function reassigned block 1010101h.
· (LINUX only) The program now detects if your O/S does not support the READ_CAPACITY(16) command. As this
command is only issued when the software detects a LUN > 2.1TB. This is more of a future-proofing since such
RAID subsystems are quite rare, and only 2.6 kernel handles large LUNs by default.
· -ping 102 function for LINUX & IRIX can use wild-cards, as it will report missing devices for peripherals that match
the string. If you -ping 102 /dev/sg[0-4], it will check /dev/sg0, sg1, sg2, sg3, sg4. It will check any device that exists
in /dev which matches the search string.
· 8 new vendor-unique SMART registers have been decoded for Hitachi ATA/SATA disks.
· Previously, if a disk drive did NOT support SMART, but user added -ping 102 option to monitor, the device was
skipped. Now if a non-SMART disk is monitored with -ping 102 , it will still report if disk is removed or goes offline.
· Infortrend RAID logic trims extra blanks on Seagate disk drives when reporting with the -zi 208 option
· Fixed bug that prevented some vendor-unique log page data to appear in versions 1.27K through N.
· SAF-TE logic now reports Power on cycles, if supported by enclosure.
· Fixed potential buffer overflow if SAF-TE enclosure had more than 4 global flags which could result in program
crashing.
· Fixed several bugs relating to SAF-TE reporting if the SAF-TE processor reported there were no fans or power
supplies.
· SAF-TE logic incorrectly reported temperature in F / C conversion.
· SAF-TE reporting now decodes all device state bits, including combinations which are clearly invalid. (This was
done to assist enclosure manufacturers when testing compliance).
· The -E+ 33 flag which dumped full SES enclosure information and the -EH 33 flag that dumps the hex pages now
work for SAF-TE enclosures.
· When viewing data that reports as hex dumps, some operating system libraries (Microsoft) had different
interpretation of printable characters that displayed to the right of the hex bytes. The program now reports text for
byte values 20h through and including 7E. Other bytes are printed as "." character.
· Significant rework being done to reporting IDE disk information, due to subtle constraints in IDE pass-through for
various operating systems. Slight record layout changes are being made in attempt to standardize output which
may be inconsistent across operating systems.
· Capacity shows in IDE disks on Discovery line.
· Additional fields are being displayed and decoded with -S 72 option for IDE (SATA / PATA) disks. This includes
notes, decoded temperature, and total time used if available.
· Apple partition marker now identified with -Q option, and -Q option now supported on OS X.
· Suppressed reporting additional IDE information that is not applicable if disk does not support SMART.
· Discovery screen also reports if SMART was currently disabled or enabled on IDE disks.
· Mode page editor now accommodates hardware that does not accept changes unless the MODE SELECT
command uses an 8-byte block descriptor. The program now retries the MODE-SELECT with 8-byte descriptor if
the 0-byte descriptor fails.
· Support for 16-byte CDBs added. The -ws, -wsbyte, and -scrub family commands now optionally support them by
just adding -16 to command line. Your O/S, drivers, firmware, and storage must all support such commands. If
they do not, the program may not detect this condition.
· The Cache Optimization field specific to Infortrend-Family RAID controllers reported Sequential instead of
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SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
RandomIO-optimized and vice-versa. This error has been fixed.
· Added cosmetic carriage-return after block scrubbing command completes so display shows 100% instead of 99%
completed.
· The -scrubv and -scrubdiv commands now update percentage complete and time remaining more often than once
every 1.0%. This helps those users that have created extremely large LUNs.
· SATA/PATA Drive temperature and cumulative power-on time now reported for several dozen more makes/models
of disk drives.
· If you sent -S option to disk that did not support S.M.A.R.T., you previously got data with many zeros and spaces.
Now you get appropriate not supported message.
· Support for ATA disk drives added to SPARC Solaris. This includes Polling, inquiry, and dumping of SMART
information.
· Text reporting the HBA driver library & version no longer print at end of all -fc family commands. Now this prints with
the "-fc" command.
· Suppressed reporting zeros & blanks for SMART-specific fields on disks that do not support SMART (-I+ option).
· Usable addressable sectors reported in CHS & LBA mode were byte swapped for ATA disks on -I option (but
capacity in MB reported correctly).
· Per changes in revised ATA specification, the field TK0NF was relabeled NM in ATA disk error log dump (applicable
to -O option).
· The -O (error log dump) was enhanced to decode op codes C7 & 2A.
· Support for the SNIA call, HBA_GetVendorLibraryAttributes has been removed. Not all HBAs support this function
and information can be obtained elsewhere.
· SAF-TE now reports the SAF-TE optional slot status information, as well as speaker alarm status.
· Support for 3Ware/AMCC RAID engines added with -z3 and -z3x commands (LINUX & Windows only).
· Added Windows-specific fix that would have prevented an unclaimed device from appearing when it was attached
to a multi-port fibre channel HBA.
· Added factory-default self-test (-stfd) option for SCSI/Fibre/SAS family devices.
· Added -EF flag which can be combined with -E+ and -EH commands that force discovery of SES pages that are not
properly defined in SES page0 per ANSI Specs. This was added to deal with a non-compliant SES enclosure, and
generally not required.
· The -zie option will now report and decode event logs for RAID subsystems using Infortrend-family RAID engines.
· Added -wce and -wcd to easily enable/disable write cache for SCSI/Fibre disks
· Fixed problem with UNIX/LINUX distributions where if -ping command was used. It sent device state to the console
once program relaunched into background at every polling period. Now it only displays the status once to the
console.
Version 1.27 (Released June 2004)
· The 64-bit LINUX build now supports SGI's 2.2 and 3.0 Pro Pack, as well as the 2.6 kernel. The 64-bit builds have
also been tested on SuSE 9.0, Red Hat AS 2.1, Red Hat AS 3.0, and Red Hat 7.1 on Itanium-based processors.
We do not anticipate there would be issues with any LINUX 32 or 64-bit variants with exception of AMD 64-bit
platforms (which have not been tested as of this date).
· An IRIX-specific enhancement was added to dramatically improve performance of I/O specific diagnostics, such as
the -scrub 118 family of commands. Now the program performs a maximum of 2MB worth of transfers before
releasing the exclusive-only pass through subsystem, rather than opening the device, doing a single I/O, then
releasing it.
· The -I+ 53 (detailed inquiry) function now decodes data from extended vital product data inquiry fields (EVPD
pages). 155 new fields were decoded for Seagate, Quantum, IBM and other vendor disk and tape drives.
· The -I+ 53 function now reports basic controller information for Infortrend manufactured RAID engines.
· The -V+ 166 function no longer appends the "(numeric)" suffix on fields that are numeric, as this is the default,
· The usage text (-h and -? 17 ) has expanded and re-arranged for better usability and clarity.
· The -wsbyteconfirm 126 command was added. This is same as the -wsbyte 125 command, only it does not ask you
for an are-you-sure response.
· Data integrity tests, -scrubdiv and -scrubdi were added.
· Optional non-volatile SAF-TE enclosure fields for cumulative power-ons 34 and cumulative minutes 34 has been
added.
· Optional SES vendor-unique type descriptors and element descriptors are reported, if the data is available for the
selected SES enclosure.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Frequenty Asked Questions
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· Additional vendor-unique SES 40 fields for DotHill 43 , Sun 41 , LSI and IBM Pro Fibre 41 , and Xyratex 45
enclosures are now reported.
· The total capacity for the selected device was reported as being one block less than it should be. Due to round off,
we would not have expected this problem to be noticed unless your device had a number of blocks that was evenly
divisible by 1000.
· A change was made to the UNIX/LINUX installer to make sure it is invoked from proper directory before it continues
(otherwise the script fails).
· New data integrity check functions have been added.
· A bug was fixed in the 1.26 database that prevented several vendor-unique LOG page fields from being reported on
Fujitsu and some HP tape drives and changers.
· The device name that appeared on the report when initiating self-tests might have displayed just the first part of the
device name, i.e., \\.\SCSI2 instead of \\.\SCSI2Port2Path0Target17Lun0 depending on the device name and type.
· The -read function would sometimes fail in opening the desired disk or CD/DVD if it was a SCSI device, which
caused the action to terminate with an error. This was seen under windows.
· The vendor-unique information for LSI RAID 201 engines now includes the 16-byte WWN 202 and fibre channel or
SCSI host attach details 202 with the -I+ option.
· Additional misspellings for topology, amendment, and several others were fixed. Some of these words appeared in
the program executable.
Version 1.26 (Released April 2004)
· Syntax changes 68 were made to the self-test results (returned by -str 108 and -C 65 ) to incorporate additional
information such as sense bytes and vendor-unique bytes (only in event of a failed-self test).
· Drive "scrubbing" commands, -scrub 120 , -scrubv 121 , and -scrubq 120 were added to perform block-level I/O
testing.
· A command to reassign sectors -rb 104 was added.
· 35 New SCSI sense KEY/ASC/ASQ code table to bring sense key decoding to latest ANSI specifications. There are
now approx 600 entries which are decoded. In addition, the program now uses a common pool of sense message
strings reducing the program size.
· Typo fixed in sense key name miscompare.
· SMART-related 228 logic now attempts to set MRIE 228 bit to 6 instead of 4. This results in less overhead and
system logging in event of a SMART error. (Note that if the disk does not support MRIE of 6, it will drop down to the
next value, 4).
· Results from last 20 self-tests 108 shown instead of last 3 when calling the -C 65 option.
· Additional vendor-unique database entries brings total up to 1,412 entries.
· The WRITE SAME function -wsbyte 125 was added for initializing a SCSI class device with a user-defined pattern.
Version 1.25 (Released March 2004)
· Updated vendor-unique database for Hitachi fibre channel specific entries.
· Made significant modifications to the Windows-specific SCSI pass-through engine to properly discover fibre channel
devices on JNI and selected Emulex LP9002 HBAs. The device discovery problem might also manifest itself with
other controllers and drivers as well. See Device Naming Conventions 235 section for additional details.
· The device naming convention also required a modification in the syntax for threshold monitoring 158 files (Windows
only).
· Resolved issue where unused device handles under windows were not being closed. The adverse affect was that
the program wasted several KB of RAM.
· Introduced low level formatting capability for SCSI family disks with the -format 50 command, as well as a
mechanism to clear grown defects and specify vendor-unique formatting parameters.
· Significant logic added to decode Xyratex-manufactured SBOD (firebird 40 family) enclosures via SES.
· Removed HBA_GetVendorLibraryAttributes SNIA call since this is not supported on many SNIA HBA API
libraries.
· Firmware flashing function no longer tests to see if a disk is marked as "Seagate". This makes it possible to flash
OEM firmware builds.
Version 1.24 (Released January 2004)
· International localization of date & time fields have been incorporated. Use the new -i
feature (flag added to maintain output compatibility).
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· The HTML documentation now has a keyword index.
· -r 143 flag added to -fciostat 143 command to display raw totals for each statistic (instead of default changes over
time).
· Minor change to installation script to fix error message that appeared under Solaris if the gnu tools were in the
search path before /bin or /sbin.
· Fixed 32-bit overflow problem that would show incorrect disk drive capacity if total number of bytes on a disk drive
greater than approx. 300 GB.
Version 1.23 (Released December 2003)
· Implemented support for SNIA HBA API. Currently added to LINUX, SPARC Solaris & Windows. Other O/S's will
follow.
· Updated database to include additional vendor-unique entries for Seagate 146MB disk drives.
· Added HBA feature -fc 128 which does full dump of all HBA & SAN-related fields.
· Added HBA feature -fcping 140 , equivalent to an Ethernet ping, but for a WWN port number and LUN.
· Reports approx 20 new fields relating to self-tests for IDE disks (Implemented in LINUX only - windows O/S does
not allow this information to be reported).
· Reports following fields for ATA-3 type IDE disks (if not previously reported, and the disk supports reporting such
data). Service interrupt, look-ahead, write cache, security mode, advanced power management, removable media
notification, S.M.A.R.T. feature set, release interrupt, Max LBA in 48-bit mode (ATA-6+ disks only)
· Modified the installation script to correct problem preventing the script from working on 64-bit IRIX systems.
· Added support for reporting temperature on certain Maxtor disk drives (with +/- degrees C precision, if known).
· Reports up to 19 new vendor-unique Maxtor IDE S.M.A.R.T. threshold descriptions.
· Fixed problem with -T 16 option. Program did not terminate as documented.
· Capacity in MB field overflowed if the total blocks of LUN was >= FFFFFFFEh (2.1 TB). Program now supports 16byte READ CAPACITY command.
· Expanded max size of SES-related reads to 4KB (prevented vendor-unique information in -E+ 37 and -EH 37 SES
dumps from appearing properly, but bug did not affect program's basic SES status reporting & alerting.
· Fixed non-compliant TapeAlert reporting capability discovered in Quantum DLT7000s. (Bug only affected TapeAlert
Features reporting, not TapeAlert monitoring).
· Program now detects if log sense results exceed buffer size. Bug caused the hex dump feature to be of incorrect
length.
· SES buffer size max on SES page 1 increased from 2048 to 4000 bytes (No problems with known encloses, did this
for future-proofing).
· SES dump (-E+) now includes ASCII text from SES Help Text page, if supported by enclosure vendor.
· SES dump (-E+) now includes decoding of SES threshold page.
· Added logic to decode additional Vendor-unique SES fields from DotHill enclosures (RPM legend, vendor-unique
fields, Help & Threshold).
· SES dump now incorporates ASCII text from SES description page, if data is available from enclosure.
· Added -z option to report physical disk status of drives behind supported LSI, SGI, and IBM RAID subsystems. This
option also reports significant amount of additional controller information with -I+ option.
· IDE disk drive temperature threshold monitoring available on some Maxtor IDE disks.
· The -Q option to dump partition information added to SPARC and X86 Solaris release.
· Windows release EMAIL engine now reports more descriptive error message if problem found sending email.
· Made minor text change in ASCII text portion of system-generated threshold monitoring file. Stated if threshold set
to zero, the selected value will ALWAYS get reported every polling period. This reflects program behavior.
· Removed redundant "X" character from system-generated threshold files.
· Fixed text on SES page descriptions (-EH option) where Pages 3-5 had wrong page description.
· Added new option (-EP2) to provide full SES control page programmability.
· All mode page editing functions for the "saved 80 " (non-volatile) page have been disabled for evaluation builds.
· Added -p option to DISABLE SMART for all SCSI & FC disk drives. (It can not be used with the -P flag).
· Fixed problem where SES enclosures that present themselves as a target device did not get polled if using just the
-E option.
· Fixed buffer overflow problem unique to LINUX that would prevent the additional information shown with the I+
command if command line combined with -S option on IDE disk drives if there are more than 522 entries returned
by examining /dev/hd* list.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Frequenty Asked Questions
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· Added -O 74 option to display advanced SMART ATA/SATA error log information. Only supported on LINUX today
(waiting for MSFT O/S patch before it can be added to Win2K/XP/2003.
· (1.23A): Fixed SPARC-Solaris problem that caused program to crash when invoked with -Z 198 option to view disk
state behind Mylex family RAID engines.
· (1.23B): Fixed problem that prevented -str 108 option from sometimes displaying status of a SCSI/Fibre channel
disk drive self-test.
· (1.23B): Enhanced threshold monitoring (-K 158 & -W 158 ) so that it no longer concurrently configures and polls S.M.
A.R.T. disks.
· (1.23C): When reporting status information for array type 35 elements, the program incorrectly assumed that all
elements were the same type. If you had both disks and tapes in an enclosure that reported array status
information, it reported all devices as disks. The same happened when reporting threshold information.
· (1.23C); Function -fchbainfo added that reports fibre channel HBA drivers, BIOS level, model number info
(requires SNIA API library 230 )
· (1.23C): Function -fciostat added that reports fibre channel I/O activity (requires SNIA API library 230 )
· (1.23C): Added additional information to -fc 128 reporting (HBA_GetRNIDMgmtInfo data)
· (1.23C): Various small cosmetic changes to better present information when a particular HBA reports -1 or invalid
data for an unsupported library call.
· (1.23D): Refreshed vendor-unique log page information for all SCSI & Fibre Channel Seagate disk drives. Added
models ST373453FC, ST318453FC, ST336742FC, ST336732L*, ST318452L*, ST318432L*, ST318418*
· (1.23D): LINUX-specific fix added to support discovery of back-end disks when using zero-channel RAID
controllers. This is done by directly adding the /dev/sgn entry to command-line that corresponds to the disk drive. If
you have 5 SCSI disks, you would add /dev/sg[0-4] to the command-line.
· (1.23D): Integration of HP SNIA API logic to executable and installation script. This uses standard libHBAAPI
runtimes bundled with HPUX
· (1.23D): Fixed problem in SAF-TE decoding that assumed temperature was reported in degrees F if reported in
degrees C for some devices.
· (1.23D): SES now also reports SES firmware revision.
· (1.23D): SPARC Solaris & LINUX builds now use a customized libHBAAPISANtools.so (included) to resolve issues
which appear when your system has several HBAs installed from multiple manufacturers.
Version 1.22 (Released August 2003)
· The partition dump feature, -Q 19 , previously limited to SCSI & fibre channel disk drives, now works with all random
access devices, regardless of the interface. It is still limited to Windows and LINUX platforms. Also made a
cosmetic change to the output for better readability. After each item, the program printed a space followed by a
comma. This was changed to a comma followed by a space.
· A feature to read raw blocks (-read 103 ) was added.
· Fixed a problem that caused extraneous text to be entered into the system event log if you ran the program with
the -link 63 , -Q 19 , or a self test 105 option.
· If you had an ATA-1 or ATA-2 compliant disk drive, the program previously did not display this information. (ATA6
and ATA7 disk drives are current revisions).
· A feature to flash drive firmware (-flash 47 ) was added. This only supports Seagate SCSI & Fibre Channel disk
drives today.
· Leading zeros were removed from the output of the -S 72 command, which returns S.M.A.R.T. thresholds for ATA
disks (the feature is only applicable to Windows & LINUX releases).
· Changed "Preformance" to "Performance" in output from -S 158 command.
Version 1.21 (Released July 2003)
· Fixed problem where if device was selected for polling, but not pollable (i.e., not ready), program might crash or
lock up.
· The mpimport function would stop importing pages if the selected page completed but returned with non-zero sense
information. This would be rare, but could happen if device responded with a recovered error condition.
· The -B (mode page editor) function now tolerates a leading bit, i.e., 9C instead of 1C for the mode page field. This
would happen if one was to just dump the single mode page out, make a change, and pipe it back. Some, but not
all devices would automatically ignore this bit. By clearing it for you, it is easier to automate a script to change
individual pages.
· The -Y option (dump defect details) was added. Due to O/S limitations, only the first 4094 defects can be displayed
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
246
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
when using the /dev/sg driver. If you use the /dev/sd class driver, you are limited to the first 510 defects, which is
rarely enough for large disks.
The software now reports a disk is dead if it responds with ASC=40 or 44 on SMART queries. This would generally
happen some time after a predictive S.M.A.R.T. error was reported, and the drive has failed to the extent that it
cannot run predictive tests. The drive would have to be replaced at this point because data loss is assured.
An enhancement was made if you ran the -F nn option in combination with any dumping option which would
ordinarily cause the program to display some information and exit. The program now pauses nn seconds before
returning the command prompt. This was done to facilitate providing you with a controlled delay if you are using
smartmon-ux in a script like smartmon-ux -F 60 -S would previously just display statistical totals and immediately
exit. Now it will display statistical totals and exit after 60 seconds. If you were using windows and had a batch file
run smartmon-ux in a loop, this would provide convenient method to give you a 60-second delay. (Windows does
not have a sleep function for the command interpreter or batch file scripts).
Reporting and decoding of data on mode page 19 (protocol specific page) added. If you have a Parallel SCSI
device, the program will also report and decode additional data on sub mode pages 1,2,3 and 4. This represents
several dozen new fields.
-link 63 option added to report link speed (mode page 19 support for device required).
If you are running LINUX, you may also use the "sg" class driver to interface with a device. The advantage of using
the sg driver is that it will allow up to 32KB of data to be passed between the program and the device (only needed
with -Y option 32 for now). The disadvantage is that the sg driver, due to LINUX bugs, can lock up if the device is
not ready.
Support added for several SATA to FC JBOD subsystems using Xyratex-manufactured enclosures.
Detailed SCSI inquiry (-I+) option now reports all fields up to SCSI-3, SPC-3 Revision13 (May 2003).
Detailed SCSI inquiry (-I+) now takes into consideration the SCSI compliance level, and only reports fields specific
to that level. For example, if device is ANSI level 2, it will not report ON/OFF level for a feature introduced at ANSI
level 3. Conversely, it will not report a field which might have been undefined or obsoleted at an earlier or later SCSI
revision.
mpimport now works significantly faster, as it first reads the mode page and determines if it needs to be
reprogrammed before issuing a change.
If an unknown version descriptor is reported by the device (-I+), the program now reports the hex code rather than
"(null)". This would happen if you are running and old version of the code on a device that introduced new version
descriptors that are unknown to the program. In this way you can at least see the hex code and cross-reference
against the latest ANSI specification.
Additional details added to self-test results. The number of power-on hours returned by the device at the time of the
test, or at the time the test failed is reported. If the self-test failed, then the segment number on the device where
the test failed is also reported.
Protocol-specific port page (mode page 18) is now reported and decoded.
The SCSI time-out time was increased in order to provide sufficient time to report defect information with 181 GB
and larger SCSI/Fibre channel disk drives.
If the disk does not support reporting number of factory defects, the program now reports "unsupported", and
attempts to return number of grown defects. Previously the program would not report grown defects if factory
defect reporting was unsupported by the device.
S.M.A.R.T. testing now incorporates additional tests in case drive is failing, but it does not return proper response
codes to S.M.A.R.T. tests.
Fixed problem where Request/Ack data transfer support on -I+ option was incorrectly just returning whether or not
the device supported SES.
32-bit parallel support always printed if ANSI level <= 3, now it prints if ANSI level <=2 and if SPI level is >= 2
16-bit parallel support now reports in the same manner as above.
On SES reporting, if a particular element reported status as "not found or unavailable", it still attempted to read and
report the value. For example, if a device reported there were 2 temperature elements, but only one of them was
installed, it would incorrectly report the temperature as being -20 degrees. This bug did not, however, cause any
alerts to be generated.
If mode page 1C was not supported on a disk device, the program would not attempt to report SES status.
Fixed typo on Tape control mode page #10 (permanent changed to permanent).
Version 1.20 (Released June 2003)
· Added SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) capability to control fault & identification indicators for devices in selected
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Frequenty Asked Questions
247
slots.
· Added SES capability to control audible alarm(s).
· Added full SES hex dump of all control/status pages, so vendor-specific information can be reported.
· Rewrote SES polling engine so it can extract information from enclosures much more quickly. Basically many
enclosures need small delays between status and control requests. If the controller was not ready to respond, the
operation would either time out or return junk data, and smartmon-ux would have to retry after a 2-second delay.
Now the program adds 50 millisecond delays between requests which almost always insures that no retry will be
required. This has result of operations typically being performed in well under a second, rather than a range of 5 10 seconds.
· Added decoding for over 100 vendor-specific fields for XYRATEX family enclosures (Goshawk, Phoenix, and
Osprey). Many of these new fields are only reportable if using LRC firmware revision 34 or higher.
· Added ability to import & export all or some mode pages for a selected device. The -mpexport 95 command saves
all mode pages in human & smartmon-ux readable format in a user-defined file. The user can then issue the mpimport 98 command against one or more devices to program new mode pages. In addition, the user can edit the
data file and comment out specific bytes and/or pages before uploading to new devices.
· As more options have been added, the program is now case sensitive to command-line options. As the program
has always documented upper-case for options, it is our hope that this will not cause customer scripts to break.
· Fixed 4 typos in log & mode page output.
Version 1.19 (Released May 2003)
· Eliminated a retry if an invalid command was sent to a device where resulting key was 5, and ASC was not equal to
24.
· Fixed problem when program running in debug mode where the sense key was not always returned to the operator.
· IBM AIX 5.x support added
Version 1.18 (Released April 2003)
· Added 106 new log entries for LSI-based RAID storage subsystems.
· Fixed OSX-Specific problem with discovery, where it would not discover a disk at LUN0.
· Added attribute descriptions for IDE SMART attributes #6,11,13
· LINUX/Windows specific fix to add description "ID ATA-4 X3T13 1153D rev18" for appropriate IDE disks.
· Fixed LINUX-only problem where firmware rev on IDE disks displayed backwards.
· Added -help option, in case user was running a shell that "absorbed" the -? option.
Version 1.17 (Released March 2003)
· Switched to "no rewind" type drivers, i.e., /dev/rmt/0mn for tape polling. This prevents a tape from being rewound
under LINUX at polling time because of a poorly written device driver. Note that this problem could have appeared
under other operating systems, but was not reported to us as a problem until now.
· Fixed problem introduced in 1.16E where carriage returns used in interactive mode did not default to value shown
as default in prompt.
· Fixed another issue with parsing command line options, only reported in Apple however, where commands with "+"
value, i.e, -I+ caused next command option to be ignored.
· Program no longer automatically attempts an automatic retry on an invalid CDB.
· Documented issue where -W option must NOT be followed by a space before the filename.
· Better error handling in event invalid options are supplied. Program now gives you specifics on what is the problem,
rather then dumping command-line options usage to screen.
· Changed html documentation so Javascript is not used. Found incompatibility problem with browser on Apple OS
X)
· Added additional Mylex RAID controller event entries introduced in FW 9.02.
4.8
System Event Log
This software logs nearly all actions and polling results in an O/S-specific event log. It passes the messages to the
standard UNIX/LINUX syslog function or the Windows ReportEvent API, depending on what operating system you are
using. Alternately you can add the -L function is added to the command-line and have your messages recorded into a
file specified by the table below.
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
248
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
All log entries are made by opening, appending, and closing the file. If the log file is busy, the software will sleep for
100 ms then retry up to 100 times before giving up and moving on. This insures that multiple instances of the software
will not corrupt the log file.
O/S-Defined Event Log File Name
Operating System
-L Log file
/var/log/smartmon-ux
LINUX
/var/log/smartmon-ux
SPARC Solaris
/var/log/smartmon-ux
X86 Solaris
/var/log/smartmon-ux
Apple OS X
/var/adm/smartmon-ux
UNIXWare
/var/adm/smartmon-ux
IBM AIX
/var/adm/smartmon-ux
HP HP/UX
/var/adm/smartmon-ux
SGI IRIX
/var/adm/smartmon-ux
HP (DEC) Tru64
SMARTMON.LOG (in current directory)
HP (DEC) OpenVMS
Windows
smartmon-ux.log in the "current" directory when the program was invoked.
Note: If you invoke software from a batch (.BAT) file, you should CD to the desired log file
directory before you invoke the software.
If the program is running as a service, then the log file will be saved in the same directory
where the program is installed.
Event Log Priority
Depending on the type of event, the software will classify log messages as Success, Information, Error, Critical, and
Warning. These correspond to standard priorities supported by the UNIX/LINUX syslog. (The Windows event logger
does not differentiate between a critical error and a non-critical error).
Event Log Localization
If the -i 63 flag is added to the command-line, all events will be prefaced by the date and time in the local language,
provided your operating system also has localization enabled. Localization is supported on all operating systems,
including Windows, if it is enabled. If you do not use the -i 63 option, all messages will be prefaced by the date an
time in US English format.
Sample event log entries (data sent with the -L flag)
Fri Mar 25 23:13:57 2005: ./smartmon-ux started
Fri Mar 25 23:13:57 2005: Discovered SEAGATE ST336706LC S/N "3FD010DD" on /dev/sdb (SMART
enabled)(35003 MB)
Fri Mar 25 23:13:57 2005: /dev/sdb polled at Fri Mar 25 23:13:57 2005 Status:Passed
Fri Mar 25 23:14:07 2005: /dev/sdb polled at Fri Mar 25 23:14:07 2005 Status:Passed
Windows-Specific Event Log Information
SANTOOLs software utilizes the standard ReportEvent API for reporting events. They appear as uncategorized
Application Log entries. The event source will always be "smartmon-ux". Event IDs will be 8000 - 8003 which
correspond, in order, to Success, Information, Warning, and Error. The full text of the message will appear in the log,
but there will be no redundant leading date/time information. This is because the operating system will assign the
date/time as the event is posted.
One of the enhancements introduced in release 1.29 was that you can add hostname in order to specify logging
events on a remote host. You must, of course, have proper permissions. Hostname must be entered in the Universal
Naming Convention (UCE) format. This is also known as the Uniform Naming Convention, or just NETBIOS name.
This should not be confused with the IP based-hostname. Example: -LRemote \\MAILSERVER3. You may also
use the IP number, as in -LRemote 192.168.1.245
Firewall Restrictions
If you use the -LRemote function to send messages to a remote host, you must make sure that you open up UDP
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Frequenty Asked Questions
249
port #514 between the remote host that will receive the events, and the local system that is generating them via this
software. This port is closed by default with the native firewall in Windows XP SP1.
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250
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
About SMARTMon-UX 226
Active Directory 16
AIX 2
Alpha 2
AMCC 2
AMCC family RAID 16
AMCC Internal Diagnostic Log 210
ANSI defined log pages 65
ANSI specification 80
ANSI-Defined SES Element Types and Description
Table 34
Apple OS X (Intel) 2
Array Device 34
Array Device Element (17h) 34
Audible Alarm Element (06) 34
Autolaunch Test Batch File 11
Automatic Start Up 31
Index
-//dev/sg 3
/etc/hba.conf
230
---?
16
-[[device list]
16
-B-
-\\\.\PHYSICALDRIVE
\\.\SCSI 235
-B C|S Hlist 16
Background Media Scan 216
Background Media Scanning 216
background scans performed 68
bad block list 16
BGMS 216
BGMS function 16
-bmsd 216
-bmse 216
-bmsr 216, 236
BOOTABLE 99
bracketized log data 70, 71
bridge chip 105
brute-force SES discovery 16
buffer full ratio 145
235
-110-byte CDBs
16
---12
-16
16, 118
16, 118
-116-Byte CDBs 16
16-byte SCSI commands
-33Ware
3-Ware
16
2
-A-A
16
118
-C-C 16, 65
-C+ 16, 65
capacity 28
-capacity 28
-capacitybs 16
Change Disk Capacity 28
change the block size 28
classes of service 128
classify log messages 247
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Index
Cleaning Media 146
Clear Grown Defects 50
Command Syntax: 16
Command-Line Operations 3
Command-Line Options 16
Communincation Port Element (11h) 34
Configuring Action Script Parameters 158
configuring event script 158
-confirm 16, 17, 50, 125
Continuous Infortrend Polling 205
convert a Seagate disk into an EMC or NetApp disk
47
Cooling Element (03) 34
corrupt ECC data 31
Current
Default and Changeable Pages 79
Current Sensor Element (13h) 34
-Cx 16, 66
-DData compression algorithm 94
data compression enabled 145
DCE 144
Defect list format 50
defect spare 118
DELL 236
Dell family (MPT) RAID 16
Dell RAID event log 16
Device Element (01) 34
Device Initialization Phase 3
disable the write cache 196
Disconnect-Reconnect 144
Display Element (0Ch) 34
DoD 5220.22-M 111
Door Lock Element (05) 34
-E-E 16
-E+ 16
ECC information 16
element 229
EMAIL Registry Settings
email server 16
EMAIL_UNCONF 7
Emulex 142
8
Enclosure Element (0Eh) 34
enclosure manufacturer 37
Enclosure Polling 3
Enclosure Services Reprogramming 34
Enclosure Services Viewer (SAF-TE) 33
Enclosure Services Viewer (SES) 37
Enclosure-Related Messages 223
End of Media Life 148
Engenio 201
Engenio Information Technologies 201
-EPAMn 16, 36
-EPARn 16, 36
-EPATxn 16, 36
-EPDFn 16, 36
-EPDIn 16, 36
-EPL 236
-EPLFn 16
-EPLIn 16
-EPLRn 16
-EPLSn 16
-erase 111
errorlevels 7
ESH Port A/B status 40
Event IDs 247
Event Log Priority 247
events on arbitrated loop 128
events on switched fabric 128
EVPD reporting capability 236
-F-F freq 16
factory default self-test 16
false error 72
false TapeAlert Error 146
FATAL_EXIT 7
-fc 16, 128
FC-4 TYPE 128
-fchbainfo 16
-fciostat 143
FCP LUN 128
-fcping 16, 140
fibre-channel enclosure 37
FindBadBlocks.sh 220
Firewall Restrictions 247
firewire (IEEE 1384) 2
Firmware version 142
-flash FILE 16
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
251
252
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
Flash Firmware 47
-flashses 16, 49
-flashses7 16, 49
-format 50
-formatb 50
Formatting Disks in the Background 50
FRU information 40
full hex dumps of all mode pages 80
-G-G temp 16
General Overview 2
GLIST 32
green initiative 127
Grown Defects 32
-H-H 16, 65
-H+ 16, 65
hardware compression is enabled on the tape drive
144
Hardware Requirements 2
HBA end port attributes 128
HBAAPI.DLL 230
hide usable storage 16
HKEY_CURRENT_USER 8
how many times a tape has been used 144
HP-UX 2
HS-1235E 236
-I-i 16, 63
-I+ 16
i86 Solaris 2
IA64 2
IBM 1742 RAID 201
IEEE Device ID 53
immediate 16
in-band 205
Infortrend RAID 205
Infortrend RAID Engines 205
Infortrend-family RAID engines
in-place rewrite 216
Inquiry Page Viewer 53
16
Installing & Configuring 8
INSUFFICIENT 7
Intel SSR212MC 236
Intel Starlake S5000PSL 45
Intel Storage Server 45
interactive mode 158
interleave factor 50
Interval Exceptions 228
Interval Timer 228
INVALID_PARAM 7
invoke your user-defined scripts
iostat 143
IP Address 205, 208
IRIX 2
-IS 16
ISAAC 236
iSCSI 2
Itanium 2
158
-J-J
16
-KKeypad Element (0Dh) 34
kill, quit, CTRL-C 236
-L-L 16
Language Element (10h) 34
launch a procedure 158
-LB Scriptfile 16
libHBAAPISANtools 230
libHBAPAI 230
-link 16, 63
Link Rate, Max/min SAS 214
Link speed 63
LINUX 2
LINUX kernels 2
LIP events on arbitrated loop 143
live data 16
Localization 63
localized date 63
log and mode page settings 65
Log Page Viewer 65
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Index
logical device is degraded 213
Low Level Format 50
LRC or ESH firmware 40
-LRemote 223, 247, 248
LSI Drive Status Definitions 201
LSI MPT family 16
LSI RAID 201
LSI Shea 236
-O-O 74
odometer 65
OpenVMS 2
OPS firmware 40
optical media certification
Option S - Select Device
OS X 2
out-of-band 205
-M-M <EMAIL> 16
-Mail 16
mail server account 8
mailx 11
Manufacturer 142
Maximum burst size 94
McKay Creek 45
Media Life 146, 148
Media Read/Write 197
Media WRITE-PROTECTED 197
Method of Reporting 228
minutes of motion since last head cleaning
mode 7 update 49
mode E update 49
Mode Page 1C Settings 228
mode page editor 16, 79
Mode Page Viewer 16, 80
-mpexport 16, 95
-mpimport 16
MRIE 228
Mylex 198
-N-N 16
-N SMTPAcct 16
native ATA commands 105
native language 63
negotiated link rate 63
NETBIOS name 247
Node symbolic name 128
Node WWN 128
non-disruptive firmware update 49
Non-Volatile Cache Element (09) 34
NORMAL_RETURN 7
NOS events on switched fabric 143
118
8
-P-
71
-P 16
parallel ATA 2
PATA 2
PERF 228
PERF bit 3
Performance bit 3, 16
Persistent mapping 213
-ping 102
PLIST 32
poll once 16
poll SMART once then exit 236
Power Supply Element (02) 34
power-on minutes 71
PowerOnMins 216
-pp 16, 78
Primary (factory) defects 53
primary defect list 32
primary defects 32, 50
primary partition 99
primary partition table 99
Primitive sequential protocol errors
Principles of Operation 3
prioritize application I/O 228
Promise RAID controllers 3
protocol-specific 63
-Qquick scrub test
118
-RRAID-1
216
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
143
253
254
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
-random 16
-rb 104
-read 103
Read compression ratio 71
READ LONG 31
Read Raw Block 103
Read retry count 94
READ(10) 16
READ(12) 16, 118
READ(16) 16, 118
read/verify all sectors 16
Reassign 104
reassign failed 165
rebuild indicator 16
Recovered error 216
Red Hat 2
Registry entries 14
remove indicator 16
Removing Duplicate Entries 235
repair unrecovered read errors 104
Report Count 228
return codes 7
-S-S 16, 72
S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor 2
S.M.A.R.T. polling interval 3
SAF-TE enclosure 33
SAF-TE Enclosure Polling 3
SAF-TE-compliant 33
SANTOOLS 2
SAS 2
SAS Shea 236
SATA 2
SCC Electronics Element (08) 34
SCC Electronics Status Element 223
-scrub 118
scrub test 118
SCRUB_C_ERROR 7
SCRUB_T_ERR 7
-scrubdi 123
-scrubdiv 123
-scrubr 118
-scrubs 118
-scrubt 118, 121
-scrubv 118
SCSI Enclosure Services 3
SCSI Initiator Port Element (15h) 34
SCSI Port/Transceiver Element (0Fh) 34
SCSI STOP UNIT 127
SCSI Target Port Element (14h) 34
-secure 111
Secure Erase 16, 111
securecheck 111
-securecheck 111
securecheckall 111
-securecheckall 111
self-healing storage 216
Self-Test 16, 105
Self-Test Results Syntax Changes 65
SEND DIAGNOSTIC 105
sendmail daemon 16
Sense Codes 228
sense keys 228
serial ATA 2
Serial Attached SCSI 2
serial number of installed media 16
serial number, RAID 216
Service Control Manager plug-in 14
SERVICE_ERR 7
-servicehelp 14
-serviceinstall 14
ServiceParameters 14
-serviceparameters 14
-servicestart 14
-servicestatus 14
-servicestop 14
-serviceuninstall 14
SES 3
SES Array Element 223
SES Array Status Page 37
SES Audible Alarm Status Element 223
SES Communication Port Status Element 223
SES Cooling Element 223
SES Current Sensor Status Element (displays current
drawn) 223
SES Descriptor Text 37
SES Device layout map 40
SES Device Status Element 223
SES Door Lock Element 223
SES Electronics Element (07) 34
SES Electronics Status Element 223
SES Enclosure Polling 3
SES Help Text 37
SES Language Element Status Element 223
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
Index
SES Page 3 37
SES Page 6 37
SES Page 7 37
SES Pages 5 37
SES Power Element 223
SES SCSI Initiator Port Status Element 223
SES SCSI Port Status Element 223
SES Specific Definitions 229
SES Temperature Element 223
SES Threshold Page 37
SES UPS Status Element 223
SES Volatile Cache Status Element 223
SES Voltage Sensor Status Element (displays input
voltage) 223
SES-compliant 37
sg class driver 3
SGI XFS 99
Short and Extended Self-Tests 105
SHOW DEVICES 3
Simple Sub-Enclosure Element (16h) 34
SMART Error Log Reporting 74
SMARTMON.LIC 8
SMARTMON.LOG 16
SMTP Email Address 8
SMTP mail port 8
Snapped Tape 146, 148
SNIA HBA API 2
SNIA HBA API Library 230
SNMP-based management 205
software RAID 216
Software Requirements 2
Solaris 2
Solid-State Disk 236
SPARC 2
SPARC Solaris 2
-spindown 16, 127
-spindowni 16, 127
-spini 16
-spinq 127
-spinup 16, 127, 236
-spinupi 16, 127
spun down 127
spun up 127
-sq 21
sqq 16
-sqq 21
SSR212MC 40
SSR212MC2 45
-sta 16
-staa 16
START / STOP UNIT 16
START UNIT 16
startup type 14
status of self-tests 50
-steb 16
-stefa 16
-stfd 16, 105
STOP UNIT 16
-str 16
-stra 16, 105
-stsb 16
Symbolic port name 128
syslog mechanism 11
-T-T <EMAIL> 16
Tape Alert test failed 146
Tape Control 94
tape markers 71
TapeAlert 16
TapeAlert status 148
TapeAlert Testing 146
TapeAlert Viewer 148
Temperature Sensor Element (04) 34
test message 16
test the E-Mail settings 8
TEST_MESSAGE 7
Testing Auto-Launch Program 11
Testing Predictive Failure Alerts 11
Thermal Warning 157
Threshold Configuration 3
threshold file 3
Threshold monitoring 158
Total frames 128
Tru64 2
Turning off S.M.A.R.T. 78
-UU160 63
U320 63
U80 63
UAC 3
UAC-aware
2
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
255
256
SANtools® S.M.A.R.T. Disk Monitor (SMARTMon-UX)
UCE 247
Universal Naming Convention 247
UNIXWARE 2
UNSUPPORTED 7
UPS Element (0Bh) 34
USB and SATA/ATA disks 105
USB flash memory 28
WRITE(12) 16, 118
WRITE(16) 16, 118
Writing (Exporting) Mode Pages
-wsbyteconfirm 16
-wsc 125
WWN (node name) 128
WWN (port fabric) 128
WWN (port name) 128
-V-
-X-
-V 16
-V+ 16, 166
Vendor-specific log data 166
Vendor-Unique Elements 34
Verbose scrub 118
Version and Version-Details 166
version number 16
Vista 31
visual fault indicator 16
Visual fault indicators 36
VMS 2
Voltage Sensor Element (12h) 34
-X 16
-X+ 16
X86_64 2
-Y-Y
16
-Z-
-WWarranty Periods 226
-wcd 16
-wce 16, 196
What are Mode Pages 229
What are Mode Pages? 229
What are Sense Codes 228
What Does an Alert Look Like? 223
What is S.M.A.R.T. 228
What is S.M.A.R.T. and How Does it Work
WINDOWS 2
Windows 2008 2, 31
Windows 7 2
windows service program 2
Woodcrest Xeon 45
World Wide Name 53
write cache enabled 79
Write compression ratio 71
Write delay time (in 100ms) 94
WRITE LONG 31
Write Protected Media 197
Write Retry Count 94
WRITE(10) 16
95
228
-Z 16, 198
-z3 210
-z3d 16, 212
-z3L 16, 213
-z3m 213
-ZA 198
-zd 213
-zd[x] 16
-zdd 16
-zdL 16, 213
-zdq 213
-zds 16
zdx 16
-zi 16, 205
-ziA 205
-ziA start# n 16
-zie 16, 205
-ziL 16, 205
-zix 16, 205
-ZL 198
-zm 16, 198, 201, 205, 210
SANTOOLS® is registered in US Patent and Trademark Office No 3,107,854 All rights reserved.
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