DeLorme Earthmate GPS BT-20 User manual

DELORME
Earthmate GPS PN-20
Photograph© Jeffrey Stevenson
®
We Bring Technology Down to Earth™
Since its incorporation in 1976, DeLorme has developed an unprecedented reputation as a leader in the mapping industry. From early beginnings as a paper
atlas publisher, the company quickly emerged as a pioneering technological innovator. DeLorme not only embraced new technologies, it developed them.
In the mid-1990s, before GPS usage was widespread, DeLorme was pioneering laptop GPS solutions that today include the popular Earthmate GPS LT-20.
Subsequent development led to industry-first GPS solutions for Pocket PC and Palm OS devices and more recently for Bluetooth GPS solutions.
An All-in-One Handheld GPS Solution from DeLorme, the Leading
Digital Mapping and GPS Company
For more information, visit www.delorme.com.
User Manual
Earthmate GPS PN-20 Accessories
®
Table of Contents
Getting Started......................................................................................................................2
We offer a variety of products designed to help you get the most out of your Earthmate GPS PN-20.
For more information, be sure to visit www.delorme.com/pn20.
Basic Functions......................................................................................................................9
And, remember to use your Topo USA software's NetLink tab to access your Aerial Data Packet
downloads and other value-added content from DeLorme.
The Satellites Page.............................................................................................................. 17
®
Scenarios............................................................................................................................. 11
The Map Page.....................................................................................................................20
The Compass Page..............................................................................................................32
Also Available from DeLorme
The Trip Info Page................................................................................................................33
DeLorme is a leading provider of mapping software for both consumer and professional markets.
Our Street Atlas USA ® software titles deliver intelligent mapping, routing, and GPS navigation
solutions for laptop PCs and PDAs. XMap ® is a three-tiered GIS software suite that integrates
advanced geospatial data management into DeLorme's core GPS mapping framework.
We also publish the Atlas & Gazetteer™ series of topographic map books for individual states.
The Find Page......................................................................................................................35
The Waypoints Page............................................................................................................44
The Routes Page.................................................................................................................48
The Tracks Page...................................................................................................................52
The Sun/Moon Page............................................................................................................56
The Tide Page......................................................................................................................58
The Device Setup Page.......................................................................................................59
For more information, visit www.delorme.com.
Appendix A..........................................................................................................................65
Getting Started
Tips:
•Setting the correct battery
type will optimize the bat tery’s performance. For more
information on selecting bat tery type, see To Modify the
System Settings on page 59.
•Because the Earthmate GPS
PN-20 has a real-time clock
which requires power even
when the device is powered
off, your batteries are con stantly in use. If you use your
Earthmate GPS PN-20 spo radically (e.g., more than a
month between uses), it is
suggested that you remove
the batteries for long-term
storage and then reinsert
them when you want to use
the device.
Thank you for purchasing the DeLorme Earthmate GPS PN-20. This versatile and compact GPS
receiver lets you create tracks of your travels, create routes so you never get lost, find points of interest,
and more!
This manual provides instructions for using all of the functionality available on the Earthmate GPS
PN-20. Most of the chapters are based on “Pages” which are the main screens on the device. Each
chapter describes the features of that particular Page as well as the Menu options which are available from that Page. In addition, this manual also discusses basic functions (such as map panning,
battery information, map data information, and more) as well as frequently asked questions, warranty
information, etc.
Step 1 — Installing the Batteries
The Earthmate GPS PN-20 is a battery-powered device. It can be powered by one rechargeable
Lithium-ion battery or two AA batteries (NiCd, NiMH, alkaline, or lithium).
To install the batteries, unscrew the D-Rings on the back of the Earthmate GPS PN-20 until the
battery cover is able to be removed. Then, insert the batteries according to the polarity symbols
found inside of the battery compartment. When finished, position the battery cover back on the
Earthmate GPS PN-20 and re-screw the D-Rings into the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Step 2 — Turning On the Earthmate GPS PN-20
Tip: If the Earthmate GPS PN20 does not turn on, ensure
that the batteries are inserted
into the device properly and
that they are mostly or fully
charged.
The Power button is located at the bottom-right corner of the button area. To turn on the Earthmate
GPS PN-20, press and hold the Power button for 1.5 seconds. The first Page that displays on the
screen when you turn on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 is the Satellites Page. Your GPS status displays in
the upper-left corner of the Satellites Page. If you press the PAGE button, the Map Page will display
on the screen. The map will not center on your current location until you have achieved a 2-D or 3-D
fix. The default view when a GPS fix cannot be obtained is your last GPS position.
If it is taking a long time for the device to obtain a 2-D or 3-D fix, verify it has a clear view of the sky.
Be sure that trees, buildings, and other obstacles are not blocking the Earthmate GPS PN-20. If the
device still cannot obtain a 2-D or 3-D fix, press the QUIT button to return to the Satellites Page, press
the MENU button, highlight the Set Current Location option, and then press ENTER. The Map Page
displays automatically. Pan the map to your current location and press ENTER.
To turn off the Earthmate GPS PN-20, press the Power button and then press the ENTER button to
confirm you want to turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 off.
Getting Started
Step 3 — Using the Buttons on the Earthmate GPS PN-20
The buttons on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 provide you with access to all of the functionality on the
device. Each button has a unique purpose:
In/Out
The IN and OUT button lets you zoom in or zoom out on the map.
• Press the IN (left) side of the button once to zoom the map in one level (showing more detail).
• Press and hold the IN side of the button to zoom the map in to its maximum level.
• Press the OUT (right) side of the button once to zoom the map out one level (showing less detail).
• Press and hold the OUT side of the button to zoom the map out to its maximum level.
Page
The PAGE button lets you scroll through all of the enabled “Pages” on the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
The default Page button sequence is:
• Satellites
• Map
• Compass
• Trip Info
• Route Directions (available when navigating)
Tip: You can add, remove, or
reorder the Pages that display when the Page button
is pressed using the Device
Setup/Page Order settings. For
more information, see the To
Modify the Page Order Settings section on page 61.
For an overview of what you can view and do on each Page as well as each Page’s Menu functions,
see Appendix A on page 65.
Menu
The MENU button provides access to a multitude of functionality. The Menu is divided into top and
bottom sections which are separated by a line. The items in the top section are specific to the Page
that is currently active. The items in the bottom section are standard menu options which are available from any Page.
Find
The Find button is labeled with a magnifying glass and it lets you search for a point of interest, waypoint, address, coordinate, and more. You can search for a location based on its name or its proximity
to the current map center.
Mark Waypoint
The Mark button is labeled with a push pin and can be used to mark a waypoint at your current GPS
location or the cursor location (if panning). Once a location has been marked, you can edit the waypoint name, coordinates, elevation, and provide comments about the waypoint; view the waypoint
on the map; navigate to the waypoint; average the waypoint for greater accuracy; save the waypoint;
or delete the waypoint.
Arrow Keypad
You can use the arrow keypad to:
• Move the map cursor left, right, up, or down.
• Pan the map by moving the cursor on the edge of the map.
• Highlight options in menus or lists. Press down to move to the next entry or press up from the
first entry to go to the last entry (or down from the last entry to go to the first entry). Press and
hold to scroll through a menu or list quickly.
• Highlight characters in the keyboard screen.
Enter
You can use the ENTER button to:
• Select a menu entry or on-screen button/field.
• Get information about a point on the map (hover your cursor over the map location and press the
ENTER button to view detailed information, if available).
Quit
The function of the QUIT button varies depending on the current status of the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
You can use the QUIT button to cancel actions (such as panning, keyboard entry, to delete individual
points when measuring distance, etc.). If you are performing an action, pressing the QUIT button will
move you backward through the Page sequence.
Power
Use the Power button to turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 on and off, to change the backlight settings,
or to reset the Earthmate GPS PN-20:
• To turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 on, press and hold the Power button for 1.5 seconds.
• To turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 off, press the Power button. When asked, “Press ENTER to
power down”, press the ENTER button to confirm that you want to turn the Earthmate GPS
PN-20 off. If you do not wish to turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 off, wait five seconds or press
the QUIT button.
• To change the backlight intensity percentage, press and hold the Power button (for approxi mately two seconds while the device is powered on) until you see the backlight screen display.
Press the arrow keypad to the left to move the slider and decrease the backlight intensity. Press
the arrow keypad to the right to move the slider and increase the backlight intensity. Each level
of intensity represents a 10% interval (100% is the maximum backlight intensity, 10% is the
minimum backlight intensity).
• To turn the backlight off, press and hold the Power button for three seconds (while the device is
powered on) until the backlight shuts off.
Note: Any button press on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 will turn the backlight on unless it has
been specifically turned off in the Device Setup menu. For more information, see the To Modify
the Display Settings section on page 59.
• To reset the Earthmate GPS PN-20 (while the device is powered on), press and hold the Power
button for seven seconds.
Getting Started
Press ENTER to confirm that
you want to turn the device off
Tip: Decreasing the Backlight
Timer will help to conserve
battery life.
Note: Large maps may take
longer to transfer to the device.
Step 4 — Transferring Map Data to the Earthmate GPS PN-20
The Earthmate GPS PN-20 comes equipped with an overview-level base map showing world and
U.S. coverage. While this provides a great view of a large area, chances are that you will want a detailed view of a smaller area for hiking, geocaching, and other outdoor activities. More detailed maps
can be transferred to the Earthmate GPS PN-20 using:
• Compatible DeLorme Mapping Software—Instructions for sending maps to your Earthmate
GPS PN-20 will vary by application. For more information, see the mapping application’s Help
system for instructions on sending maps to your Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Tip: While it is faster to access
maps that have been saved to
internal memory, the quickest
way to transfer maps to your
device is to copy the map files
to an SD card with an SD card
reader.
• Online Map Cutter for Earthmate GPS PN-20—Visit http://data.delorme.com. You must have
an Internet connection to use this Web site. For instructions on sending maps to your Earthmate
GPS PN-20 with this online application, see the Online Map Cutter for Earthmate GPS PN-20
Help system.
You can transfer many types of data such as satellite imagery, aerial imagery, USGS Topo Quad
maps, and more. Maps can be saved in internal memory or on a removable memory (SD) card (in the
Maps directory).
Step 5 — Use the Pages to Track, View Your Position While You Travel, and More
This manual describes all of the functionality found in each Page on the Earthmate GPS PN-20. See
the Table of Contents to find the headings that are most important to you.
Note: If you replace the SD
card while the device is being
powered through the USB cable, you will need to power the
device off and then on again to
view any data on the SD card.
About GPS
What is GPS?
The Global Positioning System (GPS) applies modern technology to the ancient art of navigation.
The U.S. Department of Defense has developed and launched a series of positioning satellites in an
orbiting “constellation.” These satellites are used as reference points much the same way stars have
been used in conventional navigation.
Using these satellites, a GPS receiver can determine your position anywhere on the globe. GPS provides accurate information about coordinate position, elevation, speed, and direction of travel. Many
people have discovered the benefits of GPS for recording tracks and much more.
How Does GPS Work?
The GPS “constellation” consists of at least 24 satellites, each carrying several atomic clocks to ensure the most accurate time possible. The satellites broadcast low-power radio waves containing the
satellite’s identity code and the exact time (to the nanosecond) that the message was sent.
When a GPS receiver picks up a satellite signal, it identifies the satellite and compares the signal time
with its own clock. The time difference represents the time it has taken for that radio wave to travel
from the satellite to the receiver. Since radio waves travel at the speed of light, the time difference
can be used to calculate the distance from the satellite to the GPS receiver.
The satellite’s identity code provides the location of the satellite, and the distance to the receiver creates a sphere of possible locations for the GPS receiver. Without more information, the receiver only
knows that it is located somewhere on that sphere.
Two additional satellites are necessary to narrow down the receiver’s position. Each of these satellites sends a similar radio message containing time and identity information. The GPS receiver checks
the orbital location of each satellite and uses the elapsed time to create two additional spheres of
possible locations. These three spheres intersect at two points; however, one of these points is eliminated because it is far away from the earth’s surface. Therefore, the second point is assumed to be
correct. The data from these three satellites provides the receiver with a two-dimensional location.
Data acquired from a fourth satellite pinpoints the receiver’s exact location. This additional positioning information allows the GPS receiver to calculate its elevation, which is particularly important for
GPS users in mountainous locations.
GPS Position Accuracy
Any buildings, natural structures, or heavy foliage that obstruct the GPS antenna’s view of the sky
prevent satellite signals from reaching the receiver and therefore decreases the accuracy of your
position.
Frequently Asked Questions
Getting Started
Note: Placing the Earthmate
GPS PN-20 in a backpack pocket or jacket should not result
in problems with GPS position
accuracy.
Can I install non-DeLorme maps on the Earthmate GPS PN-20?
No, only DeLorme maps can be installed on the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
How can I improve the life of my batteries?
When the backlight is on, it consumes a large part of the battery. Changing the backlight timer to turn
off after 15 seconds could double the life of your batteries. For information on changing the backlight
timer, see To Modify the Display Settings on page 59.
Other ways to increase the life of the batteries include:
• Removing your batteries for long-term storage
• Setting the GPS Settings to Power Saving mode
• Disabling GPS while indoors
• Using batteries with higher milliamp ratings (such as Duracell Ultras, Energizer E2s, etc.)
Why are the new batteries that I put in the device the last time I used it (a month ago) dead
already?
Because the Earthmate GPS PN-20 has a real-time clock which requires power even when the device
is powered off, your batteries are constantly in use. If you use your Earthmate GPS PN-20 sporadically (more than a month between uses), it is suggested that you remove the batteries for long-term
storage and then reinsert them when you want to use the device.
Why does it take so long to find satellites?
Acquiring satellite data takes longer if the batteries are low or if the Earthmate GPS PN-20 does not
have a clear view of the sky. Be sure that trees, buildings, and other obstacles are not blocking the
Earthmate GPS PN-20 when you begin tracking.
Other factors, such as if a long time has elapsed since you last used the device or if the device has
been moved a great distance from its last location, can effect the amount of time it takes to find
satellites.
How do I reset the Earthmate GPS PN-20 when it will not turn off?
You can reset the Earthmate GPS PN-20 by holding the Power button for seven seconds. If that does
not work, remove and replace the batteries to reset the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Note: The charging circuit in the
Earthmate GPS PN-20 was designed for optimum operation
with the RCR-V3 Li-Ion battery
sold through DeLorme. Other
RCR-V3 Li-Ion batteries may
work and charge in the device,
but DeLorme does not guarantee compatible operation.
Why won’t my Lithium-ion battery hold a charge?
The Li-ion battery is designed to last for 300-500 uses (depending on environmental conditions).
Visit www.delorme.com to purchase a replacement.
Basic Functions
This chapter provides descriptions for some of the basic functions of the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Panning the Map
There are two ways to pan the map:
• You can pan the map manually by placing the cursor along the map edge and holding the arrow
keypad in the direction that you want to move the map.
• You can pan the map automatically when GPS tracking/navigating. The map will automatically
pan in the direction of travel when the GPS cursor travels outside of the map area.
Getting Information About a Map Object
You can position your cursor over a map object to learn more about it.
1. Press the arrow keypad to position your cursor over the map object you want to learn more
about. The status bar at the bottom of the Map Page provides name information for the object.
2. Press ENTER. The Info Page displays.
Note: If multiple objects are found at the cursor location, the Multiple Objects screen will display each of the available objects at that location. Use the arrow keypad to select the desired
object and then press ENTER to view the Info Page for that object.
3. Optional: To save the map object as a waypoint, highlight and select Mark.
Move your cursor to the edge
of the screen to pan the map in
that direction
Note: Manually panning the
map will change the focus of
the map from your GPS location to the manually panned
location.
Navigating vs. Tracking
There are several instances in this manual where we discuss navigating with the Earthmate GPS PN20 or tracking with the Earthmate GPS PN-20. You may ask, “what’s the difference?”
• You are navigating with the Earthmate GPS PN-20 when you use it to follow a route.
• You are tracking with the Earthmate GPS PN-20 when the GPS is on, but a route is not being
followed.
Using the Keyboard
The keyboard is accessible when text entry is necessary (for example, when editing a waypoint label).
Once the keyboard displays, use the arrow keypad to highlight the letter (A-Z), number (0-9), symbol
Basic Functions
Note: Once you have marked a
map object as a waypoint, you
can edit the waypoint details
(by highlighting the waypoint
information, pressing ENTER,
and then modifying the information), view it by highlighting
View and pressing ENTER, or
create a route by highlighting
Route and pressing ENTER.
Tips:
•Press OUT to highlight the
OK button without scrolling
through the keyboard.
•Press QUIT to cancel your
keyboard entries.
•If existing text is available,
enter a letter to replace the
highlighted content. If you
want to keep the existing
text but move the cursor to
the beginning/end of the
text, select the option to
move the cursor to the begin ning or to move the cursor to
the end of the text.
(+, -, /, &), or punctuation (period, comma, apostrophe, exclamation point) you want to use. In addition, the following special functions are provided:
Moves the cursor one space to the left without deleting characters.
Moves the cursor one space to the right without deleting characters.
Changes the letters from lowercase to uppercase letters (the active case is shown in the key
board). This function toggles to all caps mode by pressing ENTER.
Changes the letters to all capital letters.
Moves the cursor one space to the left, deleting the character that was there. Also changes
the letters to lowercase when the current mode is uppercase.
Clears the content of the text field being edited.
Accepts the changes made to the text field and closes the keyboard screen.
Moves the cursor one space to the right, leaving a blank space.
Moves the cursor to the next line. This option can be used to type more than one line in a Com
ment field.
Charging the Earthmate GPS PN-20
If you are using a DeLorme-supplied RCR-V3 Li-Ion battery, you can charge the Earthmate GPS PN20 by connecting the USB end of the cable to your computer and the other end of the cable to the
Earthmate GPS PN-20. In order to charge the device via the USB cable, the device must be powered
on while connected. If you want to use the Earthmate GPS PN-20 while it is charging, it must be
partially charged (the unit cannot be powered on when its only power is through the USB cable).
Note: Rechargeable AA batteries cannot be charged while in the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Storing Data on the Earthmate GPS PN-20
Keyboard screen
10
The Earthmate GPS PN-20 stores tracks, routes, waypoints, and the base map data in its internal
memory. Maps that are transferred to the Earthmate GPS PN-20 can be saved in internal memory or
on a removable memory (SD) card (2 GB or less) located under the battery compartment.
Tip: Use multiple SD cards to create a map library for long trips or to have the entire state in your pocket.
Scenarios
Scenarios
Earthmate GPS PN-20 can be used for a variety of functions, including:
• Geocaching
• Bird watching
• Biking
• And much more!
Below are some scenarios for using the Earthmate GPS PN-20 in these situations.
Seeking a Geocache
Geocaching is a popular hide-and-seek sport for GPS users where hiders place a cache (prize(s)
and/or log book) at an approved location and seekers use the hider’s clues (coordinate information
and clues that are shared via the Internet-for some geocache locations, visit www.geocaching.com)
to find the cache. The cache usually contains a variety of prizes for the successful seeker (seekers are
encouraged to observe the “take one, leave one” policy on prizes in the cache).
Mike and his family are looking for a fun weekend activity that will help them enjoy the great outdoors. A coworker tells Mike about geocaching and they decide to try the activity with their new
Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Before they leave for their adventure, they visit www.geocaching.com to find a cache in their area.
Once they find a cache, they use Topo USA to see the geocache on the map and then download a
map package of the area.
1. Visit www.geocaching.com and select the geocache you want to try to find.
2. Save the geocache’s .loc file to your computer.
3. Open Topo USA and click the Draw tab.
4. Click File to open the draw file editing area.
5. Click Import. The Import Draw File dialog box displays.
6. From the Files of type drop-down list, select LOC file (*.loc).
7. Browse to the location where you saved the .loc file in step 2, select the file, and then click
Open. The draw objects in the imported file display. A new draw file is automatically created
11
Navigate to the geocache
for the imported file.
8. Click Done to return to the Draw dialog area.
9. Click the Handheld Export tab.
10.With the map centered on the geocache area, click the Edit tool and then click the rectangles
on the map that cover the map area you want to export to the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
11. Name and save your map package.
12.Click the Exchange button in the Topo USA toolbar.
13.Send the geocache waypoint layer and map package to the device and then click Done.
Once the map and waypoint are loaded on the Earthmate GPS PN-20, they use the Waypoints Page
to locate the coordinate that was provided in the cache’s clue. Once the waypoint is found, they
create a route from their current position (home) to the waypoint location.
14.Press MENU and then select Waypoints.
15.Highlight the geocache waypoint from the list and then press ENTER.
16.Highlight the default symbol and press ENTER. Scroll to the geocache symbol and then press
ENTER.
17. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER.
18.Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Navigate button and then press ENTER.
19.Press PAGE until the Compass Page displays.
20.Use the Compass Page to find the necessary direction of travel. The bearing arrow (large green
arrow) points in the direction of the next stop in the route. Use the bearing arrow to determine
the correct direction of travel towards the waypoint.
Once they arrive at the cache, they take a trinket from the cache and leave a pencil they bought while
on a recent trip to Niagara Falls and then update the waypoint symbol on the Earthmate GPS PN-20
to the geocache found symbol. When they return from their adventure, they visit the cache’s page on
www.geocaching.com and enter a log about their experience.
Hiding a Geocache
Mike and his family had so much fun on their first geocache outing, that they decide to create a geocache of their own! After much consideration, they decide to hide the geocache close to their home.
12
The family decides to hide the cache along a public trail approximately 10 miles from their home. Before they can add the cache to geocaching.com, they must be sure to get a very accurate coordinate
for the location where they’re hiding the cache. To do so, they must mark a waypoint at the geocache
location and then use the Averaging function on the Earthmate GPS PN-20. When a waypoint is averaged, a series of GPS readings are recorded for the waypoint’s location and are then averaged to
increase the positional accuracy of the waypoint.
1. Ensure you have a 3-D signal at the location of the geocache.
2. Press the Mark button. A waypoint is placed at the current GPS location.
3. Highlight the default waypoint symbol and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to
select the geocache symbol and press ENTER.
4. Highlight the default label and press ENTER. Then, enter the new label (“Our First Geocache”)
using the keyboard, highlight OK, and then press ENTER.
5. Highlight the Comment field and then press ENTER. Then, enter the comment information
(“Hid cache under pile of sticks”) using the keyboard, highlight OK, and then press ENTER.
6. Highlight the Avg button and then press ENTER. The GPS status, coordinates, elevation, number
of readings at the location, and estimated accuracy display. The more readings that are recorded
increase the positional accuracy of the waypoint. A small estimated accuracy number indicates
that the waypoint is very close to its actual coordinates.
7. Highlight the OK button and then press ENTER.
8. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Save button and then press ENTER.
Once the geocache location point has been averaged, they visit www.geocaching.com and create a
new geocache with the averaged coordinate.
Scenarios
Marking the “Our First Geocache” waypoint
Bird Watching
Earthmate GPS PN-20 is a perfect companion while bird watching. With PN-20 Aerial Data Packet
(ADP) data, bird watchers can see clearings, tree cover, geological features, and more. In addition,
they can use the waypoint functionality to mark waypoints on the map when they see particular types
of birds. They can also use the track functionality to create a breadcrumb trail while they’re traveling to
their bird watching spot and then follow that track back to their vehicle so they do not get lost.
13
Safety Tip: Be sure to bring a
map and compass with you on
your expedition in case the batteries in your Earthmate GPS
PN-20 are low.
Editing the track settings
14
In the scenario below, a bird watcher (Tom) uses the Earthmate GPS PN-20, ADP data, and the Earthmate GPS PN-20 Online Map Center to prepare for his expedition:
Before Tom leaves for his trip, he uses the Earthmate GPS PN-20 Online Map Center to download an
ADP so he can get satellite and aerial views of the area where he’ll be. This is helpful to Tom because
he has heard that the bird population is greater near the swamp land. With the aerial and satellite data
provided in the ADP, Tom can see all of the geological formations in his bird watching area before he
leaves, giving him a greater idea of where he should spend his day.
1. Visit http://data.delorme.com to download the area where you will be bird watching.
Once the map of the location is saved on the GPS device, he leaves for his bird watching trip. When
he arrives at the location he parks his truck, turns on the Earthmate GPS PN-20, waits until he gets
a 2-D or 3-D fix, places a waypoint to represent the parking lot, modifies his tracking settings, and
then turns on Track recording.
2. Press and hold the Power button to turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 on.
3. Press the Mark button on the device to place a waypoint at the parking lot location.
4. Press MENU, highlight the Tracks option, and then press ENTER.
5. Press MENU, highlight the Edit Track Settings option, and press ENTER.
6. Highlight the Record Points By drop-down list and press ENTER.
7. Highlight the Time option and press ENTER.
8. Highlight the Recording Interval text field and press ENTER.
9. Use the arrow keypad to increase/decrease each digit. Press ENTER after each digit is changed.
10.If the On button is not activated, highlight the button and then press ENTER to activate it.
OR
If the On button is already activated, proceed to step 11.
Tom proceeds on his journey to his bird watching spot. While he’s walking, he notices an eagle in a
tree and wants to use his Earthmate GPS PN-20 to mark a waypoint at the bird location.
11. While at the spot of the tree, press the Mark button.
12.Scroll to the top of the Waypoint screen to highlight the waypoint symbol and press ENTER.
Use the arrow keypad to find and highlight the bird icon and then press ENTER.
13.Scroll to the label text field (to the right of the bird icon) and press ENTER. Use the arrow
keypad to highlight the letter E and press ENTER. Repeat this step for each letter in the words
“Eagle.” When you’re finished, highlight OK and press ENTER.
14.Scroll to highlight the Save button and press ENTER.
Once he arrives at the desired bird watching spot, he saves his track log, turns off the GPS device,
and spends the day bird watching.
15.Press MENU, select Tracks, and then press ENTER.
16.Scroll to highlight the Save button and press ENTER.
17. Press the Power button to turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 off. Press ENTER when prompted.
Once he’s finished for the day, he turns the GPS device back on, waits until he gets a 2-D or 3-D fix,
and then follows his track to where he started-ensuring that he won’t get lost. The process of following his initial track creates a new route that can be used again in the future.
18.Press and hold the Power button to turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 on.
19.Press MENU, select Tracks, and then press ENTER.
20.Select the track that was saved earlier that day and press ENTER.
21.Scroll to highlight the Follow button and press ENTER.
Tom reaches his start location without getting lost.
Scenarios
Marking the “Eagle” waypoint
Mountain Biking
Earthmate GPS PN-20 is also a perfect companion while mountain biking.
Carla and Jordan are preparing for a ride at Slickrock Bike Trail. Before they go, they download data
of the Moab, Utah region with Topo USA. They then create a route that starts and finishes at the
trailhead, but includes three stops: Shrimp Rock, Upper Shrimp Rock, and Mt. View Cave. They then
export the data of the region as well as the route they created to their Earthmate GPS PN-20. Once
they arrive at the trail, they mount their GPS devices onto their bikes, power them on, and select the
route they plan to use for navigation.
1. Press MENU, highlight the Routes option, and then press ENTER.
2. Highlight the desired route and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the Navigate button and press ENTER.
Navigating a route
15
Editing track details
16
4. Press MENU, highlight the Tracks option, and then press ENTER.
5. Ensure the On button is activated. If it is not, highlight the On button and press ENTER to
activate it.
6. Press PAGE until the Map Page displays to view the location in real time.
The GPS device not only tells them where they are in real-time, but also keeps a record (track) of
everywhere they’ve been. Once they’ve finished the trail, they elect to save the track so that they
can see where they’ve ridden.
7. Press MENU, highlight the Tracks option, and then press ENTER.
8. Highlight the Save button and press ENTER.
Since they might want to visit this track again later, they decide to name the track with the trail name
and assign it the same color that they assign all of the trails they’ve ridden. They also use the comments feature in the Tracks screen to note if they thought the trail was easy, moderate, or difficult.
9. Highlight the Track text field and press ENTER to name the track “GW Forest” using the key
board. Then, highlight OK and press ENTER.
10.Highlight the Color block and press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the color blue
and then press ENTER.
11. Highlight the Comment text field and press ENTER and assign a difficulty comment using the
keyboard. Then, highlight OK and press ENTER.
12.Highlight the View button and press ENTER to see a snapshot of where you went on the trail.
They can also choose to follow the track if they ever decide to ride the trail again. When a track is
followed, a route is automatically created that they can use again the future.
13.Press MENU, highlight the Tracks option, and then press ENTER.
14.Highlight GW Forest in the Tracks list and press ENTER.
15.Highlight Follow and press ENTER.
When they arrive home, they download the track and waypoint information into Topo USA so they
can see a larger view of where they were. They finish by saving the track information in their mountain biking library project.
The Satellites Page
The Satellites Page
Viewing the Satellites Page
Once you turn the Earthmate GPS PN-20 on, the Satellites Page displays. The Satellites Page informs
you of your current GPS status, the number of satellites the Earthmate GPS PN-20 is acquiring data
from, the signal strength, and the GPS accuracy (only available when a 2-D or 3-D fix is obtained).
GPS and WAAS Status
GPS status displays in the upper-left corner of the Page and will display the following, depending on
your satellite acquisition status:
• GPS Off—The GPS has been disabled.
• No Fix—The GPS cannot find sufficient satellite data to determine your current GPS position.
• 2-D—The GPS connection is successful, but the connection quality is not quite as sufficient as a
3-D fix. This usually indicates insufficient data for an accurate location due to 1) only three
satellites being used or 2) poor signals from the satellites. Move your receiver to another location
until you get better reception.
• 3-D—The GPS receiver is receiving sufficient satellite data to determine your location.
If “WAAS” displays in the upper-right corner of the Page, the Earthmate GPS PN-20 has obtained a
WAAS connection. WAAS provides up to five times greater position accuracy than a regular 2-D or
3-D connection. WAAS is only available in North America.
Satellite Constellation and Signal Graph
Both the satellite constellation and the satellite signal graph display visible satellites and their number
(assigned by the Department of Defense).
In the satellite constellation, satellite-shaped icons display each satellite’s position in the sky (relative
to the device’s current position).
In the satellite signal graph, each satellite is represented as a bar which is sized according to signal
strength (longer bars have greater strength, shorter bars have less strength).
Satellites Page
Note: WAAS was developed
by the Federal Aviation Administration to enhance the accuracy of GPS receivers, usually
to within three meters of actual
position, by providing a modified GPS signal. After calculating the error factor at ground
control stations through the
U.S., the corrected signal is
transmitted to two geostationary satellites that in turn
transmit the GPS signal back
to earth.
17
The icons in the satellite constellation and the lines in the signal graph are color coded based on the
quality of the data they are transmitting:
• Red—Indicates your GPS receiver is tracking the satellite, but it is not receiving data from it.
• Green—Indicates your GPS receiver is tracking the satellite, ephemeris data is available, and the
satellite is being used for navigation.
• Blue—Indicates your receiver is tracking the satellite, ephemeris data is available, the satellite is
being used for navigation, and the satellite has WAAS corrections available.
GPS Accuracy
The GPS accuracy will display, in the lower-left corner of the screen in feet or meters, depending on
the measurement preferences you have assigned in the Device Setup Page (see To Modify the Units
Settings on page 63 for more information). GPS accuracy is represented on the map by a circle with
a radius equal to the GPS accuracy, allowing the user to see a representation of their accuracy in relation to their map scale. The accuracy of the Earthmate GPS PN-20 is +/- 10 meters.
Battery indicator label changes
to “external” when charging
Note: If you do not choose the
correct battery type in the Device Setup Page, the battery
indicator may not provide accurate information. See To Modify
the System Settings on page
59 for more information.
18
Battery Indicator
The battery indicator is a graphic representation of the current available battery power. It displays
differently based on the current available power:
• Four green bars—Indicates a full charge.
• Three green bars—One quarter of the battery power has been used.
• Two yellow bars—One half of the battery power has been used.
• One red bar—Three quarters of the battery power has been used. Once the battery has reached
5% of its total battery power, a low battery warning will display.
While the Li-Ion battery is charging, the battery indicator graphic will be animated and the word “Battery” will be replaced with “Charging”. Once the battery is fully charged, the battery indicator graphic
will display four static green bars and the word “Charging” will be replaced with “External” until the
charging cable is removed.
To Disable GPS
There are many features on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 that do not require a GPS fix. You can turn the
GPS connection off using the Disable GPS option in the Satellites menu.
1. Ensure the Satellites Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Disable GPS.
4. Press ENTER. “GPS OFF” displays in the upper-left corner of the screen and all satellites are
removed from the constellation display.
The Satellites Page
Notes:
•You can also disable the GPS
using the Device Setup/Sys tem menu option. Select
Disable GPS from the GPS
Settings drop-down list.
•After GPS has been disabled,
you can enable it by pressing
MENU and then selecting
Enable GPS.
•GPS is temporarily disabled
when in simulate mode (dur ing track playback, navigation
simulation, etc.).
•If the Earthmate GPS PN-20
is unable to acquire a fix after
approximately ten minutes,
you will receive the following
message, “Would you like to
disable the GPS or continue
searching for satellites?”
Select Disable to disable
GPS or Continue to allow the
Earthmate GPS PN-20 to
keep searching for satellites.
Note: The battery indicator graphic may not provide exact results due to variations in battery chemistry from various manufacturers.
19
The Map Page
Viewing the Map Page
Map Page
If a 2-D or 3-D fix is obtained, the Map Page displays the map data that is available for your current
GPS location. If a GPS fix cannot be obtained, the location of your last GPS fix displays on the map.
The color of the GPS arrow will depend on your GPS signal.
• A flashing red arrow indicates that the Earthmate GPS PN-20 cannot obtain a GPS signal.
• A blue arrow indicates that the device is in Track Playback mode or Simulate Navigation mode.
• A yellow arrow indicates a 2-D fix.
• A green arrow indicates a 3-D fix.
Below the map are information fields. The information that displays in these fields will vary based on
the selections you choose (for more information, see To Change the Information Fields on page 21).
The scale bar can be found above the information fields. A north arrow is also available in the upperright corner of the screen (only available when Heading Up is selected (or Course Up is selected
when navigating) as the map orientation). Note: Raster maps rotate in 90° headings.
To View Map Data
Earthmate GPS PN-20 comes standard with a base map showing high-level world and U.S. coverage.
The base map cannot be removed from memory.
There are several data types that are compatible with the Earthmate GPS PN-20:
• Aerial Data Packet (ADP) data
º DOQQ
º 3DTQ
º Sat 10 data
• Topo USA data
• Street Atlas USA data
• World base data
The list above shows the default priority of the data types (from top to bottom). To change the data
type priority, see Prioritizing Your Data on page 27.
20
To Show/Hide the Information Fields
The information fields can be hidden to enlarge the map area.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Hide Info Fields.
Note: If Show Info Fields displays in the list, the information fields are already hidden. Choose
Show Info Fields to display the information fields.
4. Press ENTER. The information fields are now hidden (or shown if you selected to Show Info
Fields) from the Map Page.
To Arrange the Information Fields
You can change the information fields to display as one wide field, one wide field and two narrow
fields, four narrow fields, two wide fields, or two narrow fields.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Arrange Info Fields.
Note: If Arrange Info Fields does not display in the list, the information fields are hidden.
Choose Show Info Fields to display the information fields and then repeat steps 2 and 3.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to select the information field style you would like to view.
6. Press ENTER.
To Change the Information Fields
The information fields can be customized to display the information that is most important to you. You
may want to change the information that displays based on what type of activity you will be engaging
in. Note: The information fields will change when navigating.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Change Info Fields.
The Map Page
Arrange Info Fields menu option
Change Info Fields menu option
21
Notes:
•The information fields that
are selected to be displayed
may be abbreviated on the
screen. For example, Velocity
Made Good displays as VMG.
•When information is not
available (for example, the
Distance to Finish informa tion field is only pertinent
when navigating), dashes (- -)
will display in the applicable
field.
Note: The primary coordinates
are what are shown whenever
coordinates are displayed (for
example, when panning).
22
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Note: If Change Info Fields does not display in the list, the information fields are hidden.
Choose Show Info Fields to display the information fields and then repeat steps 2 and 3.
Press ENTER.
Use the arrow keypad to highlight the information field you would like to change.
Press ENTER. All of the available information field options display.
Use the arrow keypad to select the information field you want to select.
Press ENTER.
Press QUIT to exit out of Change Info mode.
The available information fields include:
Information Field Option
Back on Course
Battery Life
Bearing
Coordinates: Primary
Coordinates: Secondary
Course
Distance to Finish
Distance to Next Stop
Description
Displays the direction of travel needed to return to the course
(expressed in degrees).
Displays the percentage of battery power that is left on the
Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Displays the direction of travel from the current location to
the destination or next waypoint (expressed in degrees).
The current GPS location, cursor position, or map center in
the coordinate format you’ve selected to be the primary
format (lat/lon, UTM/UPS, or USNG/MGRS).
The current GPS location, cursor position, or map center in
the coordinate format you’ve selected to be the secondary
format (lat/lon, UTM/UPS, or USNG/MGRS).
The direction of travel from the starting location to the destination (expressed in degrees).
The distance from the current location to the route finish.
The distance from the current location to the next stop in
the route.
Information Field Option
Distance to Next Turn
Elevation
Elevation: Maximum
Elevation: Minimum
ETA at Finish
ETA at Next Turn
ETA at Next Stop
Finish
GPS Accuracy
GPS Status
Heading
Moonrise/Moonset
Next Stop
Description
The distance from the current location to the next turn in
the route.
The distance (height) above or below sea level.
The maximum elevation achieved (expressed in distance).
This field is subject to being reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The minimum elevation achieved (expressed in distance).
This field is subject to reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The Estimated Time of Arrival at the route finish (expressed
as hours:minutes AM/PM). ETA is based on the current
device time, not on the local time at the destination.
The Estimated Time of Arrival at the next turn in the route
(expressed as hours:minutes AM/PM). ETA is based on the
current device time, not on the local time at the turn.
The Estimated Time of Arrival at the next stop in the route
(expressed as hours:minutes AM/PM). ETA is based on the
current device time, not on the local time at the next stop.
The label of the Finish, as it appears in the route directions.
The calculated accuracy of the GPS (expressed in distance).
The current status of your GPS device (No Fix, 2-D, 3-D, etc.).
The current direction of travel (expressed in degrees).
The time of day at which the moon will rise and set (expressed as hours:minutes AM/PM). This information is calculated for the specific geographic area in which the GPS
has acquired a 3-D fix.
The label of the next stop, as it appears in the route directions.
The Map Page
23
Information Field Option
Next Turn
Next Turn Arrow
Odometer
Off Course
Speed
Speed: Average
Speed: Maximum
Speed: Moving Average
Sunrise/Sunset
Time/Date
24
Description
The label of the next turn, as it appears in the route directions.
A symbol displays the direction of the turn/route direction
information.
The symbol representing the next turn, as it appears in the
route directions.
The total distance traveled in all trips.
The perpendicular distance between the current location
and the course.
The current rate of travel for the device (expressed in distance
per unit of time).
The average speed of the device including stop time (expressed in distance per unit of time). This field is subject to
being reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The maximum speed achieved (expressed in distance per
unit of time). This field is subject to being reset when Trip
Info is cleared.
The average speed of the device excluding stop time (expressed in distance per unit of time). This field is subject to
being reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The time of day at which the sun will rise and set. This
information is calculated for the specific geographic area in
which the GPS has acquired a 3-D fix (expressed as hours:
minutes AM/PM).
The time of day and date based on the current GPS location;
accounts for daylight savings and time zone adjustments
(time is expressed as hours:minutes AM/PM and date is
expressed as day-month-year (for example, 01-JAN-07)).
Information Field Option
Time to Finish
Time to Moonrise/set
Time to Next Stop
Time to Next Turn
Time to Sunrise/set
Trip: Odometer
Trip: Time Moving
Trip: Time Stopped
Trip: Time Total
Velocity Made Good
Vertical Speed
Description
The calculated time to the route finish based on road classifications and default speed settings.
The time remaining until the moon rises and sets. This information is calculated for the specific geographic area in which
the GPS has acquired a 3-D fix.
The calculated time to the next stop in the route based on
road classifications and default speed settings.
The calculated time to the next turn in the route based on
road classifications and default speed settings.
The time remaining until the sun rises and sets. This information is calculated for the specific geographic area in which
the GPS has acquired a 3-D fix.
The total distance the GPS device has been moving. This
information is subject to being reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The total time the GPS device has been moving. This information is subject to being reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The total time the GPS has been tracking, but not moving. This
information is subject to being reset when Trip Info is cleared.
The total time the GPS has been tracking, both moving and
stopped. This information is subject to being reset when Trip
Info is cleared.
The component of the current speed that is in the direction
of the destination (expressed in distance per unit of time).
The current rate of vertical travel for the device (expressed in
distance per unit of time).
The Map Page
25
To Reset the Information Fields
The Map menu offers a Restore Info Defaults option which allows you to change the custom settings
you made to the Show Info Fields, Arrange Info Fields, and Change Info Fields drop-down lists back
to their default settings. The default settings are as follows:
Option
Show Info Fields
Arrange Info Fields
Change Info Fields
Default Setting
Selected
2 narrow fields (when tracking)
4 narrow fields (when navigating)
Speed, Heading (when tracking)
Next Turn, Dist to Finish, Time to Turn, Dist to Turn
(when navigating)
Use the steps below to reset the information fields to their default settings.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Restore Info Defaults.
4. Press ENTER. The information fields return to their default settings.
Measuring distance on the map
26
To Measure Distance and Area
Earthmate GPS PN-20 has a measurement tool that allows you to measure the distance of a line or
perimeter of a polygon.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Measure Distance and press ENTER.
4. Use the arrow keypad to move the cursor to the area on the map where you want to place the
first point of the line/polygon.
5. Press ENTER to place the first point of the line/polygon on the map.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for each point in the line/polygon you are trying to measure. The Pan
Location Information that displays in the upper-right corner of the screen changes to display the
heading from the last measurement node to your current GPS location, the leg distance, as well as
the total distance from the last measurement node to the first measurement node.
Note: Lines must contain at least two points. To make a polygon, you must close the shape by
placing the last point on top of the first point.
To Set Up the Map
The Map Setup option allows you to customize the map by defining data type prioritization, showing/hiding map packages, and choosing map orientation, POI detail, and the ability to change how
waypoints display on the map.
Prioritizing Your Data
Since many different data types can be used on the Earthmate GPS PN-20, you can prioritize the data
layers that you want to display on the map using the Data Layering menu option. Data layers with a
high priority always display, when available. For example, if you have Topo USA and DOQQ coverage
for the same area, whichever data type has the highest priority will display on the map. The default
prioritization is as follows:
1. DOQQ
2. 3DTQ
3. Sat 10
4. Topo USA
5. Street Atlas USA
You can modify the default prioritization using the Data Layering option in the Map Setup screen.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Map Setup.
4. Press ENTER. The Map Setup screen displays.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Data Layering button.
The Map Page
Tip: Press QUIT to delete the
last measurement point. To
delete the entire measurement object, press QUIT until
all measurement points are
deleted from the map.
Map Setup menu options
27
Data Layering menu options
Data Management menu
options
28
6. Press ENTER. The Data Layering screen displays a list of all of the data types that are currently
loaded on the Earthmate GPS PN-20. The data type at the top of the list has the highest priority.
The data type at the bottom of the list has the lowest priority.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the data type that you want to move up or down in the list.
8. Once the data type you want to move is highlighted, press the arrow keypad and highlight the
up or down arrow key to the right of the data types (depending on where you want to reposition
the data type).
9. Press ENTER to move the data type. If you want to move the data type more than one level
away from its current state, press ENTER as many times as it takes to move the data type to
the desired order.
10.Press the arrow keypad to the left to return to the layering list.
11. Repeat steps 7-10 for each data type you want to reorder in the list.
Showing/Hiding Maps That Were Exported From a Compatible DeLorme Mapping Program
Once you have imported a map from a compatible DeLorme mapping program, you can view (or hide)
it on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 using the Data Management option. You may want to hide a map to
see what is underneath it (for example, raster maps are displayed above vector maps). To change the
priority of how maps are displayed, see Prioritizing Your Data on page 27.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Map Setup and then press ENTER.
4. Highlight Data Management and then press ENTER. The Data Management screen displays
all of the maps that have been uploaded to the Earthmate GPS PN-20. Maps that are selected
to be shown on the map display with a selected check box. Cleared check boxes indicate the
map is currently being hidden.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the map you want to hide/show. Information about the map
(including the data type(s)) displays in the bottom section of the screen. If you want to view
more information about the map, press MENU, use the arrow keypad to highlight Data Detail,
and then press ENTER. The name, zoom level, scale information, save date, data type(s), and
version information will display. Press QUIT to return to the Data Management screen.
6. If the check box next to the map is selected and you want to hide the map from view, press
ENTER to clear the check box and hide the map from the screen.
OR
If the check box next to the map is cleared and you want to show the map on the screen, press
ENTER to show the map on the screen.
7. Optional: To view the map’s center on the screen, press MENU, use the arrow keypad to high light View Map, and then press ENTER.
Changing the Map Orientation
The map orientation can be changed based on your preference (although raster maps rotate in 90°
headings). You can choose to make the map display:
• North Up—North will always be represented at the top of the map screen.
• Heading Up—The direction you are traveling will always be represented at the top of the map
screen. Displays the North Arrow in the upper-right corner of the map screen.
• Course Up—The direction of the finish of your route will always be represented at the top of the map
screen. Displays the North Arrow in the upper-right corner of the map screen when navigating.
The Map Page
Note: If you want to permanently remove the map from
the Earthmate GPS PN-20,
Press MENU, use the arrow
keypad to highlight Data Detail, press ENTER, and then
use the arrow keypad to highlight the Delete button, and
then press ENTER.
Note: Hidden maps cannot be
searched with the Find Page.
You can modify the map orientation using the Orientation drop-down list in the Map Setup screen.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Map Setup.
4. Press ENTER. The Map Setup screen displays.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Orientation option.
6. Press ENTER. The map orientation options display (North Up, Heading Up, Course Up).
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the desired orientation option.
8. Press ENTER. The map orientation is changed to the option you selected in step 7.
Orientation menu option
29
POI Detail menu option
Small Waypoint Symbols menu
option
30
Changing the Level of POI Detail
Several compatible data types contain points of interest (such as trails, mountains, accommodations,
restaurants, etc.) that display as symbols on the map. With the POI Detail option in the Map Setup
screen, you can choose to hide all of the POIs, only show major POIs, or show all POIs. Changing
this level of map detail can be helpful when there are multiple point of interest symbols cluttering
the map.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Map Setup.
4. Press ENTER. The Map Setup screen displays.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the POI Detail option.
6. Press ENTER. The POI Detail options display.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the desired POI detail option.
8. Press ENTER. The level of POI detail is changed to the option you selected in step 7.
Restoring the Default Settings in the Map Setup Screen
The Map Setup screen also offers a Restore Defaults option which allows you to change any of the
custom settings you have made in the screen (regarding data prioritization, map orientation, POI detail, and waypoint symbol size) back to the default settings. The default settings are as follows:
The Map Page
Option
Default Setting
Data Layering DOQQ
3DTQ
Sat 10
Topo USA
Street Atlas USA
Orientation
Heading Up
POI Detail
Show Major POIs
Small Waypoint Symbols
Never
Using Small Waypoint Symbols
When the map is zoomed in past a scale of 250 feet, user-created waypoint symbols can clutter the
map. The Small Waypoint Symbols option lets you reduce the waypoint symbol size above a specific
scale.
1. Ensure the Map Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Map Setup.
4. Press ENTER. The Map Setup screen displays.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Small Waypoint Symbols option.
6. Press ENTER.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight a scale option or Never (to never use small waypoint symbols).
8. Press ENTER.
31
Compass Page
Note: The Earthmate GPS PN20 does not have a magnetic
compass and therefore can
only determine heading while
moving.
32
The Compass Page
The Trip Info Page
Viewing the Compass Page
Viewing the Trip Info Page
The Compass Page provides a graphic representation of a traditional floating needle compass. It
displays differently depending on if you are navigating (following a route) or tracking.
The compass rotates so that the heading is always up. If you are navigating, the compass displays a
bearing arrow which points in the direction of the next stop in the route.
The Trip Info Page contains eight information fields that occupy the entire screen (three information
fields display if the Earthmate GPS PN-20 is in large text mode). Each field is customizable with one
of the many available information field options (see pages 22-25 for a table that contains all of the
information field options).
To Arrange/Change/Reset the Information Fields
• For information on arranging information fields, see steps 2-6 in the To Arrange the Information
Fields section on page 21.
• For information on changing information fields, see steps 2-8 in the To Change the Information
Fields section on page 21.
• For information on resetting the information fields, see steps 2-4 in the To Reset the Information
Fields section on page 26.
To Change the Information Fields
For information on changing information fields, see steps 2-8 in the To Change the Information Fields
section on page 21.
To Show Large Text
If you would like to view large information fields use the Show Large Text option. The information
fields vary depending on if you are tracking or navigating.
1. Ensure the Trip Info Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Show Large Text.
Note: The Show Large Text option is a toggle option that changes to Show Small Text when
the large text option is activated.
4. Press ENTER.
5. If you want to change which information fields display in large text:
a) Press MENU, highlight the Change Info Fields option, and press ENTER.
b) Use the arrow keypad to highlight the information field you would like to change.
c) Press ENTER. All of the available information fields display.
d) Use the arrow keypad to select the information field you want to add.
e) Press ENTER.
f) Repeat steps b-e for each information field you want to change.
The Trip Info Page
Trip Info Page
Show Large Text menu option
33
Tip: Interested in seeing how
far you’ve traveled for a month,
season, or year? If so, restore
all of the options except the
Odometer to keep track of your
total mileage.
Reset Trip Values menu option
To Reset the Trip Information
Use the Reset Info option in the Trip Info menu if you want to start a new trip and reset the odometer,
speed information, and/or elevation information.
1. Ensure the Trip Info Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Reset Info....
4. Press ENTER.
5. If you want to reset the device odometer, time moving, time stopped, and time total, use the
arrow keypad to highlight Reset Trip Values.
OR
If you want to only reset the device odometer, use the arrow keypad to highlight Reset Odometer.
OR
If you want to reset the average speed, maximum speed, and moving average values, use the
arrow keypad to highlight Reset Speeds.
OR
If you want to reset the minimum and maximum elevation information, use the arrow keypad
to highlight Reset Elevations.
OR
If you want to reset the odometer, time moving, time stopped, time total, all elevation, and all
speeds, use the arrow keypad to highlight Reset All.
6. Press ENTER.
To Restore the Information Fields to their Default Settings
Use the steps below to reset the information fields to their default settings.
1. Ensure the Trip Info Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Restore Info Defaults.
4. Press ENTER.
34
The Find Page
Using the Find Page
You can use the Find button (the button that displays with a magnifying glass) to search for addresses,
roads, cities, points of interest, waypoints, coordinates, and more. There are two Find search options: Find Near Map Center or Find By Name.
Use the Find Near Map Center search option to search for categories of information (such as geographic features, waypoints, points of interest, etc.) near your current map center. The number of
search results returned is based on the amount of search results that are available (not on distance).
Find Near Map Center searches stop after 200 search results are found.
Use the Find By Name search option to search for a specific location, such as a specific address,
point of interest, etc. To narrow your search results, you can choose either the Contains or Begins
With option to search for results that contain or begin with certain character(s).
To Find a Waypoint
1. Press the Find button.
2. Press MENU. The Find menu displays.
3. If your current Find setting is Find Near Map Center and you want to search for waypoints by
name, use the arrow keypad to select the Find By Name option.
OR
If your current Find setting is Find By Name and you want to search for waypoints that are near
the map center, use the arrow keypad to select the Find Near Map Center option.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, and then select Waypoints.
6. Press ENTER.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Symbol field and then press ENTER.
8. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the symbol you want to search for and then press ENTER.
For a complete list of all of the symbol types, see Appendix C on page 74.
9. If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Name field
The Find Page
Notes:
Pressing a button during a
search will halt the search process. Select Continue Search
to resume the search process.
•You can narrow your search
results by finding items that
begin with or contain certain
letters. To do so, press
MENU, highlight the Begins
With or Contains option
(only one of the options will
display at a time; the option
that isn’t displaying is the cur rent mode), and press ENTER.
•To refine a Find By Name
search, enter as much search
criteria as possible. Leave
the Name field blank to find
all results for the search cat egory in a specified area.
•Find search results will vary
based on the map data type
you are searching within. For
example, Topo USA data
does not include travel points
of interest and Street Atlas
USA data does not include
geographic features.
•To view the 10 most recent
Find search results, select
History from the Show drop down list in the Find Page.
35
Waypoint search results
and then press ENTER. Then, enter the Waypoint name by highlighting each letter of the
Waypoints’s name and pressing ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and
then press ENTER.
10.Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result that you want to select and then press
ENTER.
11. To delete the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Delete button and then press
ENTER. A confirmation message displays. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the OK button
and then press ENTER to delete the waypoint from the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
To Find a Point of Interest
1. Press the Find button.
2. Press MENU. The Find menu displays.
3. If your current Find setting is Find Near Map Center and you want to search for POIs by name,
use the arrow keypad to select the Find By Name option.
OR
If your current Find setting is Find By Name and you want to search for POIs that are near the
map center, use the arrow keypad to select the Find Near Map Center option.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, then select Points of Interest.
6. Press ENTER.
36
7.
8.
To narrow your search further, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Category field and then
press ENTER. A list of point of interest categories display (All Categories, Accommodations,
Amusements/Recreation, Camping/RV Park, Emergency Services, Exits and Rest Areas, Fast
Food/Snacks, Gas Stations, Major Shopping, Restaurants, and more). To select a category,
use the arrow keypad to highlight the desired category and then press ENTER.
Optional: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the City field and then press ENTER to use the
keypad to enter the name of the city you want to search. The city name will auto-fill based on
the letters you enter with the keyboard. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
Note: If you want to search for all cities within a state, leave the City field blank.
9. Optional: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the State field and then press ENTER. Enter the
state abbreviation by highlighting each letter of the state abbreviation and pressing ENTER
after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
10.Optional: To search within a country other than the U.S., use the arrow keypad to highlight the
Country field and then press ENTER. Enter the country name by highlighting each letter of the
country’s name and pressing ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then
press ENTER.
11. If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Name field and
then press ENTER. Enter the POI name by highlighting each letter of the POI name and
pressing ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
12.Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result that you want to select and then press
ENTER.
13.To save the location as a waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Mark button and then
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the label, coordinates, elevation, and comments.
Press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
The Find Page
Note: The search results available are based on the data type
you are using (for example,
Street Atlas USA data will provide more travel POI results
and Topo USA data will provide more geographic feature
results).
Searching for points of interest
with the Find Page
37
Note: Not all map data types
include natural features.
Searching for natural resources
with the Find Page
Selecting a natural resource
category
38
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
To Find Natural Features
1. Press the Find button.
2. Press MENU. The Find menu displays.
3. If your current Find setting is Find Near Map Center and you want to search for geographic
features by name, use the arrow keypad to select the Find By Name option.
OR
If your current Find setting is Find By Name and you want to search for geographic features that
are near the map center, use the arrow keypad to select the Find Near Map Center option.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, and then select Natural
Features.
6. Press ENTER.
7. To narrow your search further, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Category field and then
press ENTER. A list of geographic feature categories display (All Categories, Body of Water
(Lake/Pond, River/Stream, Ocean, Bay, Wetlands), Islands, Land Feature (Beach, Canyon,
Geologic Formation, Glacier, Pass, Valley), Mountain or Hill, Water Feature (Canal, Channel,
Rapids, Spring, Waterfall)). To select a category, use the arrow keypad to highlight the desired
category and then press ENTER.
8. If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Name field and
then press ENTER. Enter the feature name by highlighting each letter of the name and pressing
ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
9. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result that you want to select and then press
ENTER.
10.To save the location as a waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Mark button and then
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the label, coordinates, elevation, and com-
ments. Press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
To Find an Address
1. Press the Find button.
2. Press MENU. The Find menu displays.
3. If your current Find setting is Find Near Map Center and you want to search for addresses by
name, use the arrow keypad to select the Find By Name option.
OR
If your current Find setting is Find By Name and you want to search for addresses that are near
the map center, use the arrow keypad to select the Find Near Map Center option.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, and then select Addresses.
6. Press ENTER.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the City field and then press ENTER to use the keypad to
enter the name of the city you want to search. The city name will auto-fill based on the letters
you enter with the keyboard. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
Note: If you want to search for all cities within a state, leave the City field blank.
8. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the State field and then press ENTER. Enter the state
abbreviation by highlighting each letter of the state abbreviation and pressing ENTER after
each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
The Find Page
Natural resource search results
Searching for an address with
the Find Page
39
9. To search within a country other than the U.S., use the arrow keypad to highlight the Country
field and then press ENTER. Enter the country name by highlighting each letter of the country’s
name and pressing ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press
ENTER.
10.If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Street # field and
then press ENTER. Enter the street number by highlighting each number of the street address
and pressing ENTER after each consecutive number. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
11. If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Name field and
then press ENTER. Enter the feature name by highlighting each letter of the name and pressing
ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
12.Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result that you want to select and then press
ENTER.
13.To save the location as a waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Mark button and then
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the label, coordinates, elevation, and com ments. Press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
To Find a Coordinate
1. Press the Find button.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, and then select Coordinates.
3. Press ENTER.
4. To find latitude and longitude values, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Lat/Lon field and
then press ENTER. Then use the arrow keypad to highlight the coordinate letters/numbers you
40
5.
6.
7.
want to change and use the keypad again to move the letter/number up or down.
Press ENTER.
Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result and then press ENTER.
To save the location as a waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Mark button and then
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the label, coordinates, elevation, and comments. Press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
The Find Page
To Find a Street/Trail
1. Press the Find button.
2. Press MENU. The Find menu displays.
3. If your current Find setting is Find Near Map Center and you want to search for streets/trails by
name, use the arrow keypad to select the Find By Name option.
OR
If your current Find setting is Find By Name and you want to search for streets/trails that are
near the map center, use the arrow keypad to select the Find Near Map Center option.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, and then select Streets/
Trails.
6. Press ENTER.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the City field and then press ENTER to use the keypad to
enter the name of the city you want to search. The city name will auto-fill based on the letters
41
you enter with the keyboard. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
Note: If you want to search for all cities within a state, leave the City field blank.
8. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the State field and then press ENTER. Enter the state
abbreviation by highlighting each letter of the state abbreviation and pressing ENTER after
each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
9. To search within a country other than the U.S., use the arrow keypad to highlight the Country
field and then press ENTER. Enter the country name by highlighting each letter of the country’s
name and pressing ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press
ENTER.
10.If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Name field and
then press ENTER. Enter the street name by highlighting each letter of the name and pressing
ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
11. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result that you want to select and then press
ENTER.
12.To save the location as a waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Mark button and then
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the label, coordinates, elevation, and com ments. Press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
To Find a City
1. Press the Find button.
2. Press MENU. The Find menu displays.
3. If your current Find setting is Find Near Map Center and you want to search for cities by name,
use the arrow keypad to select the Find By Name option.
42
OR
If your current Find setting is Find By Name and you want to search for cities that are near the
map center, use the arrow keypad to select the Find Near Map Center option.
4. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Show field, press ENTER, and then select Cities.
6. Press ENTER.
7. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the State field and then press ENTER. Enter the state
abbreviation by highlighting each letter of the state abbreviation and pressing ENTER after
each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press ENTER.
8. To search within a country other than the U.S., use the arrow keypad to highlight the Country
field and then press ENTER. Enter the country name by highlighting each letter of the country’s
name and pressing ENTER after each consecutive letter. Then, highlight OK and then press
ENTER.
9. If performing a Find By Name search: Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Name field and
then press ENTER to use the keypad to enter the name of the city you want to search. The city
name will auto-fill based on the letters you enter with the keyboard. Then, highlight OK and
then press ENTER.
Note: If you want to search for all cities within a state, leave the City field blank.
10.Use the arrow keypad to highlight the search result that you want to select and then press
ENTER.
11. To save the location as a waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Mark button and then
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the label, coordinates, elevation, and com ments. Press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
OR
To center the map on the location, use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then
press ENTER.
OR
To create a route from your current location to the search result, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route button and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to update the route name,
add another point to the route, and to select a calculation method. Highlight Navigate and then
press ENTER once you’ve edited each group of information.
The Find Page
43
The Waypoints Page
Using the Mark Button
Use the Waypoint Details Page
to customize the waypoint
label, symbol, comments,
coordinates, and more
Note: If you panned to the location where you marked the
waypoint, elevation information will not be available.
You can use the Mark button (the button that displays as a push pin) on Earthmate GPS PN-20 to
mark a waypoint at your current GPS location (or at the current map center/cursor position if panning). Once a waypoint has been added, you can customize the waypoint name, coordinates, and
comments. The device will store up to 1000 waypoints in internal memory.
To Mark a Waypoint
1. Press the Mark button to place a waypoint at the current GPS location (or at the current map
center/cursor position if not tracking with GPS). The Waypoint Details Page displays.
2. If you want the waypoint to be symbolized with something other than the default red pin, use
the arrow keypad to highlight the default waypoint symbol and then press ENTER. Then, use
the arrow keypad to browse to the desired symbol and press ENTER.
3. If you want to change the waypoint label to something other than the default name, use the
arrow keypad to highlight the default label and press ENTER. Then, enter the new label using
the keyboard.
4. If you want to change the coordinate location of the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to high
light the Coordinates field and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to highlight
the number in the coordinate information that you would like to change. Use the arrow keypad
to increase/decrease the number. Press ENTER when finished.
5. If you want to change the elevation of the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the
Elevation field and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to highlight the number in
the elevation value that you would like to change. Use the arrow keypad to increase/decrease
the number. Press ENTER when finished.
6. If you want to change the date and time the waypoint was added, use the arrow keypad to
highlight the Time/Date field and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to highlight
the number in the time/date information that you would like to change. Use the arrow keypad
to move the number up or down. Press ENTER when finished.
7.
8.
If you would like to add comments relating to the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight
the Comments field and then press ENTER. Then, enter the comment information using the
keyboard.
To save the waypoint to the Earthmate GPS PN-20, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Save
button and then press ENTER.
Note: Once a waypoint is saved, you can use the Waypoint Details Page to delete the waypoint, center the map on the waypoint, or create a route to the waypoint.
To Average a Waypoint
When a waypoint is averaged, a series of GPS readings are recorded for the waypoint’s location and
are then averaged to increase the positional accuracy of the waypoint.
Note: You can only average a waypoint at your current GPS location.
1. Mark a waypoint at your current GPS location, but do not save.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Avg button and then press ENTER. The GPS status,
coordinates, elevation, number of readings at the location, and estimated accuracy display.
The more readings that are recorded increase the positional accuracy of the waypoint. A small
estimated accuracy number indicates that the waypoint is very close to its actual coordinates.
3. Highlight the OK button and then press ENTER.
4. Highlight the Save button and then press ENTER.
The Waypoints Page
Tip: Select
to enter more
than one line of text in a comment.
Averaging a waypoint
To View a List of Waypoints
1. Ensure the Waypoint Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the waypoint that you want to view on the map. The Bearing
information field displays the bearing from your current GPS location (or cursor position, if
panning) to the selected waypoint. The Distance information field displays the distance from
your current location to the selected waypoint.
3. Press ENTER to view the waypoint details.
4. Highlight the View button and then press ENTER.
Waypoints list
44
45
To Edit a Waypoint
1. Find the waypoint you want to edit using the Waypoint Page, Find search functionality, or by
selecting a waypoint on the map.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the waypoint that you want to edit and then press ENTER.
3. To change the symbol of the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the waypoint symbol
and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to browse to the desired symbol and press
ENTER.
AND/OR
To change the waypoint label, use the arrow keypad to highlight the default label and press
ENTER. Then, enter the new label using the keyboard.
AND/OR
To change the coordinate location of the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Coordinates field and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to highlight the number in
the coordinate information that you would like to change. Use the arrow keypad to move the
number up or down. Press ENTER when finished.
AND/OR
To change the elevation of the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Elevation field
and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to highlight the number in the elevation
value that you would like to change. Use the arrow keypad to move the number up or down.
Press ENTER when finished.
AND/OR
To change the date and time the waypoint was added, use the arrow keypad to highlight the
Time/Date field and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to highlight the number
in the time/date information that you would like to change. Use the arrow keypad to move the
number up or down. Press ENTER when finished.
AND/OR
To add or change comments relating to the waypoint, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Comments field and then press ENTER. Then, enter the comment information using the keyboard.
4. Your edits are saved automatically. Press QUIT to return to the Waypoints Page.
46
To Create a Route to a Waypoint
1. Find the waypoint you want to navigate to using the Waypoint Page, Find search functionality,
or by selecting a waypoint on the map.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the waypoint that you want to navigate to and then press
ENTER.
3. To create a route to the waypoint from your current GPS location, use the arrow keypad to high
light the Route button and then press ENTER. Then, in the Route screen, highlight the Navigate
button and press ENTER to calculate the route.
The Waypoints Page
To Center a Waypoint on the Map
1. Find the waypoint you want to center the map on using the Waypoint Page or Find search
functionality.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the waypoint that you want to view and then press ENTER.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the View button and then press ENTER.
To Delete a Waypoint
1. Ensure the Waypoint Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the waypoint that you want to delete and then press ENTER.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Delete button and then press ENTER. A confirmation
message displays. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Yes button and then press ENTER to
delete the waypoint from the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
47
The Routes Page
Using the Route Page
There are many ways to create routes on the Earthmate GPS PN-20. You can create a route:
• From your current GPS location to a waypoint.
• From your current GPS location to a Find search result.
• Between two waypoints.
• Between two Find search results.
• Between a waypoint and a Find search result.
Once you have created a route, you can view its directions, edit the route, delete the route, and more.
The device will store up to 50 routes in internal memory.
Route Page
Note: Active routes display in
the Routes Page with red text.
Creating a new route
48
To Create a Route
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the New button and then press ENTER.
3. To name the route (the default name is “New Route”; once a point is added, the default name
will change to “To <destination>”), use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route Name field
and then press ENTER. Then, use the keyboard to assign the desired route name.
4. To add a route point, use the arrow keypad to highlight Add Point and then press ENTER.
Use the Find functions to search for the waypoint, POI, geographic feature, address, coordinate,
street, or city you want to include in your route (for more information, see The Find Page
section which starts on page 35). Once the intended destination is found, highlight the result,
press ENTER, and then highlight Add and press ENTER to add the search result as a point in
the route.
Note: To select a route point that is on the map, highlight the Use Map button and press
ENTER to pan to the location on the map that you want to use as a route point. Once you move
the cursor to the desired location, press ENTER.
5. Repeat step 4 for each point you want to include in your route.
6. Optional: If you do not want to include your current GPS position as a route point, use the
7.
8.
arrow keypad to highlight Current Position and then press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to
highlight Remove and then press ENTER.
Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Calculation Method drop-down list and press ENTER.
Then, highlight the desired calculation method (Road or Direct) and press ENTER again.
Highlight the Navigate button and press ENTER to calculate the route. If the calculation is successful, the route will be highlighted on the Map Page but will center on the current GPS location.
The Routes Page
Tip: To exit Navigation Mode,
press MENU, use the arrow
keypad to highlight Stop Navigating, and then press ENTER.
To Simulate a Route
You can preview a route on the map using the Simulate Navigation feature. The route will be highlighted on the map and will beep at each applicable turn.
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the route that you want to simulate and then press ENTER.
3. Press MENU, highlight the Simulate Navigation option, and then press ENTER. The cursor
goes into simulate mode and plays the route on the map.
4. To end simulation, press MENU, highlight the Stop Simulation option, and then press ENTER.
To Get Back on Track When Off Course
1. Ensure you are navigating against a route.
2. Press MENU, highlight the Back on Track option, and then press ENTER. The route recalcu lates based on your current position.
To Edit a Route
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the route that you want to edit and then press ENTER.
3. To rename the route, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Route Name field and then press
ENTER. Then, enter the name using the keyboard.
4. To add a point, use the arrow keypad to highlight Add Point and then press ENTER. Use the
Find functions to search for the waypoint, POI, geographic feature, address, coordinate, street,
or city you want to include in your route (for more information, see The Find Page section
which starts on page 35). Once it’s found, highlight the result, press ENTER, and then highlight
Add and press ENTER to add the search result as a point in the route.
Road route with two points
49
Note: To select a route point that is on the map, highlight the Use Map button and press
ENTER to pan to the location on the map that you want to use as a route point. Once you move
the cursor to the desired location, press ENTER.
5. To change the calculation method, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Calculation Method
drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, highlight the desired calculation method (Road or
Direct) and press ENTER again.
6. If you want to start navigating against the edited route immediately, highlight the Navigate
button and press ENTER.
OR
If you do not want to navigate against the edited route, press QUIT.
To View Route Directions
Route directions are only available when navigating against a route.
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Highlight a route that you want to navigate and then press ENTER.
3. Highlight the Navigate button and press ENTER.
4. Press PAGE until the Route directions information displays.
Route Directions (only available
when navigating)
To Reverse a Route
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the route that you want to reverse.
3. Press ENTER.
4. Press MENU.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Reverse Route and then press ENTER. A new route is created
from the Finish to the Start.
4. Press MENU.
5. Use the arrow keypad to highlight Delete Route and then press ENTER. The route is deleted.
The Routes Page
To Delete All Routes
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Delete All Routes option and then press ENTER.
To Edit the Route Settings
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Edit Route Settings option and then press ENTER.
4. To change the calculation method, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Calculation Method
drop-down list and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to select the desired calcu lation method and press ENTER.
5. To change your back-on-track status, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Back on Track drop down list and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to select whether you want Back
on Track on or off and press ENTER.
Note: The back-on-track threshold function will prompt you to recalculate your route when you
stray off course beyond the threshold distance specified (see step 6).
6. To change your back-on-track threshold, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Back on Track
Threshold drop-down list and then press ENTER. Then, use the arrow keypad to select the
desired distance and press ENTER.
7. To restore the route edit settings to their factory-set defaults, use the arrow keypad to highlight
the Restore Defaults button and then press ENTER.
Route menu
Tip: Setting the back-on-track
threshold to a large value will
prevent excessive prompts. Setting the back-on-track threshold
to a small value will provide a
quicker notification when you
are off course.
To Delete a Route
1. Ensure the Routes Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the route that you want to delete.
3. Press ENTER.
50
51
The Tracks Page
Using the Tracks Page
Note: Visible tracks display in
the Tracks Page with red text.
Only one track can be viewed
at a time.
Earthmate GPS PN-20 is set to record GPS tracks by default. That means that the device will create a
track (“breadcrumb trail”) of your travels until you turn recording off. The breadcrumb trail will display
differently based on your GPS status:
• While you have a 3-D fix, your track will display as a green line.
• While you have a 2-D fix, your track will display as a yellow line.
• While the GPS cannot acquire a fix, no points will be placed on the map. Points will be placed
again once a 2-D or 3-D fix is established. If a GPS connection was established and lost, a red
line indicates the last GPS location.
The Tracks Page lets you save, clear, or follow the current track, or view/follow an existing track. The
device will store up to 10 track logs (with a 10,000 point limit each) in internal memory.
To Turn GPS Track Recording On/Off
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. To turn GPS track recording on, highlight the On button and press ENTER. The button will
appear indented.
OR
To turn GPS track recording off, highlight the Off button and press ENTER.
Tracks Page
52
To Save the Active Track
Once you save the active track, a new active track will be created.
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Save button and then press ENTER. The Track Details
Page displays.
3. To rename the track (the default name is in the date/time format: DD-MON-YY, HHMMSS and
ends with “A” for AM or “P” for PM), highlight the Track field and press ENTER. Then, enter
the track name using the keyboard.
4. To change the track display color, highlight the Color field and press ENTER. Select a color with
the arrow keypad and then press ENTER.
5.
6.
To add a comment to your track, highlight the Comments field and then press ENTER. Then,
enter the comment information using the keyboard.
To view the track, highlight the View button and then press ENTER. Note: The View button
toggles with the Hide button.
OR
To follow and create a direct route along the track, highlight the Follow button and then press
ENTER.
OR
To delete the track, highlight the Delete button and then press ENTER.
To Follow a Track Back to Where It Started
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the track you want to create a route from and then press
ENTER.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Follow button and then press ENTER. The track is
reversed and a route is created so you can follow your footsteps and return to where you
started the track.
The Tracks Page
Tip: Select
to enter more
than one line of text in a comment.
Track Details
To Clear the Active Track
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Clear button and then press ENTER. The active track is
cleared from the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
3. Press QUIT to return to the previous Page.
To Delete a Saved Track
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the track you want to delete and then press ENTER.
3. Highlight the Delete button and then press ENTER. The track is deleted from the Earthmate
GPS PN-20.
53
Tip: View a saved track when
you want a reference from a
previous trip but do not want to
create a route.
Tracks menu
Tip: Use a small interval to record a detailed track of a new
trail. Use a large distance interval to record your location during a long trip.
Tip: Select the Stop Recording
option if you need to save a detailed track of a specific path.
Select the Overwrite Points option if you are only interested in
knowing where you have traveled most recently.
54
To View a Saved Track
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the track you want to view and then press ENTER. The Track
Details Page displays. Track logs that displays with red text are visible on the map.
3. Highlight the View button and then press ENTER. The entire track displays on the map.
4. To stop viewing the track, highlight the Hide button and then press ENTER.
To Customize the Logging Preferences
Use the following steps to designate if you want the device to log GPS points based on time or
distance intervals. Logging based on a short time interval will provide the most detailed results (but
will also incur many points quickly). Logging based on distance will take much longer to fill the track,
allowing a great distance to be recorded (as 10 feet is the shortest distance interval available).
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Highlight Edit Track Settings and press ENTER.
4. Highlight the Record Points By drop-down list and press ENTER.
5. Highlight Time or Distance.
6. Press ENTER.
7. Highlight the Recording Interval field and press ENTER.
8. Use the arrow keypad to increase/decrease the recording interval value. If you selected Time
in step 5, the recording interval is expressed in seconds. If you selected Distance in step 5, the
recording interval is expressed in feet.
9. Highlight the When Track is Full drop-down list and then highlight Overwrite Points or Stop
Recording. This option will determine how the device will react when the track reaches its
maximum number of points. If you select the Overwrite Points option, the oldest points in the
track will be replaced with new points. If you select Stop Recording, the device will stop
recording points once it is full.
10. Press QUIT to return to the Tracks Page.
To Delete All Saved Track Logs
You can use the Track menu to delete all of the track logs you have saved on your device.
1. Ensure the Tracks Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Highlight Delete All Tracks and press ENTER. A confirmation message displays.
4. Highlight Yes to delete all of the tracks and press ENTER.
5. Press QUIT.
The Tracks Page
55
The Sun/Moon Page
Using the Sun/Moon Page
Sun/Moon Page
Use the Sun/Moon Page to view the sunrise/sunset and moonrise/moonset information as well as
the moon phase information for your current GPS location. The current date and time also display at
the top of the screen.
To Set the Time
Note: Setting the time in the Sun/Moon Page only affects the Sun/Moon values, not the device’s
time information.
1. Ensure the Sun/Moon Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Time field and press ENTER.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the selected time field that you want to change. Once the
number you want to change is selected, press the arrow keypad up to move the number up (or
down for the reverse).
4. Press ENTER.
To Set the Date
Note: Setting the date in the Sun/Moon Page only affects the Sun/Moon values, not the device’s
date information.
1. Ensure the Sun/Moon Page is displaying.
2. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the Date field and press ENTER.
3. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the selected date field that you want to change. Once the
number you want to change is selected, press the arrow keypad up to move the number up (or
down for the reverse).
4. Press ENTER.
The graphic on the left shows the current position of the sun/moon (in relation to a compass). The
gray bar represents the sun’s shadow. The graphic on the right shows where the sun/moon currently
is as it moves from east to west.
The Sun/Moon Page
To View the Sun and Moon Rise/Set Information
The Sun/Moon rise and set information is found underneath the Sun/Moon graphics. The information
displays the time that the sun and moon will both rise and set based on the current time and date settings. The Sun information is on the left and the moon information is on the right. The rise information
displays on the top and the set information displays on the bottom. If the sun/moon does not rise/set
on a specific date, dashes (- -) display in the applicable information fields.
To View the Moon Phase Information
The moon phase information displays based on the current time and date settings. It displays the
name of the current moon phase as well as a graphic representation of it.
To Reset the Sun/Moon Page’s Time/Date
If you have modified the time and/or date in the Sun/Moon Page, you can reset it to the device’s
time/date information using the steps below.
1. Ensure the Sun/Moon Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Highlight Reset Time and Date and then press ENTER. The Time and/or Date fields update to
the device time/date.
To View the Sun/Moon Graphics
The Sun/Moon graphics that display in the center of the Sun/Moon Page reflect the current sun/
moon conditions (based on the time and date settings).
56
57
Tide Page
The Tide Page
The Device Setup Page
Using the Tide Page
The Device Setup Page options let you modify the default settings on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 such
as the battery type, backlight settings, and more.
Use the Tide Page to view high and low tide information based on a specific time, date, and tide
station.
To Get Tide Information for a Particular Time and/or Date
Note: Setting the time/date in the Tide Page only affects the Tide Page’s values, not the device’s
time/date information.
1. Ensure the Tide Page is displaying.
2. To get tide information for a particular time, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Time field and
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the selected time field that you want to
change. Once the number you want to change is selected, press the arrow keypad up to move
the number up (or down for the reverse). When finished, press ENTER.
3. To get tide information for a particular date, use the arrow keypad to highlight the Date field and
press ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to highlight the selected date field that you want to
change. Once the number you want to change is selected, press the arrow keypad up to move
the number up (or down for the reverse). When finished, press ENTER.
4. Highlight the Tide Station drop-down list and press ENTER. The list of available tide stations
displays. Highlight the desired station and then press ENTER.
Once a tide station is selected, the High Tide and Low Tide fields display the tide information
for the selected date/time. The graph at the bottom of the screen shows the high and low tide
information for the entire day (midnight to midnight). The red dot in the tide graph indicates the
time as selected in the Tide Page.
To Reset the Tide Page’s Time and Date
If you have modified the time and/or date in the Tide Page, you can reset it to the device’s time/date
information using the steps below.
1. Ensure the Tide Page is displaying.
2. Press MENU.
3. Highlight Reset Time and Date and then press ENTER. The Time and/or Date fields update to
the device time/date.
58
Modifying the Device Preferences
To Modify the System Settings
Use the following instructions to update GPS settings, WAAS status, battery type, and/or USB power
setting.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the System option and press ENTER.
3. To update the GPS Settings, highlight the GPS Setting drop-down list and press ENTER. Select
the desired GPS Setting and then press ENTER.
4. To update the WAAS Status, highlight the WAAS drop-down list and press ENTER. Select the
Enabled option to enable WAAS use or select the Disabled option to disable WAAS use. Then,
press ENTER.
Note: In most cases, a WAAS signal provides greater accuracy than a non-WAAS signal.
5. To update the battery type, highlight the Battery Type drop-down list and press ENTER. Select
the battery type you are using and then press ENTER.
6. To update the USB power setting, highlight the USB Power drop-down list and press ENTER.
Select the Enabled option to enable USB power or select the Disabled option to disable
USB power.
7. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
The Device Setup Page
Tip: When viewing the Device
Setup preferences, you can
highlight the Restore Factory Defaults option and then
press ENTER to return all of the
Earthmate GPS PN-20 settings
to their “out-of-the-box” status.
GPS Setting Options:
Normal: GPS acquires satellites and updates map once
per second.
Power Saving: Reduces the
backlight to 10% intensity and
changes the backlight timer to
15 seconds.
Disable GPS: GPS is inactive
while all other functions are
available, appropriate for indoor use prior to departure.
To Modify the Display Settings
Use the following instructions to update the device’s color scheme, backlight intensity, and/or backlight timer.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Display option and press ENTER.
3. To modify the color scheme, highlight the Color Scheme drop-down list and press ENTER.
59
Display menu options
Interface menu options
60
Highlight the desired color scheme and press ENTER.
• Spring (green)
• Summer (yellow)
• Autumn (orange)
• Winter (blue)
• Midnight (high contrast-black/gray/dark blue; helpful for nighttime use)
4. To modify the backlight intensity, highlight the Backlight Intensity slider and press the arrow
keypad to the right to increase the intensity level (or to the left to decrease the intensity).
5. To modify the backlight timer, highlight the Backlight Timer drop-down list and press ENTER.
Highlight the desired time interval and press ENTER.
Note: Decreasing the Backlight Timer will help to conserve battery life.
6. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
To Modify the Interface Settings
Use the following steps to change the serial port and USB settings on the device. The setting you
choose will be based on the type of cable you are using to connect the device to your computer, your
computer’s operating system, and if you are trying to access information on the removable media
(SD) card.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Interface option and press ENTER.
3. If you are connecting the device to your computer via a serial cable, highlight Enable Serial Port
and then press ENTER. A check mark in the Enable Serial Port check box indicates that the
serial port connection has been activated.
OR
If you are connecting the device to your computer via a USB cable, highlight the USB Setting drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, highlight DeLorme or Mass Storage and press
ENTER.
Notes:
The Device Setup Page
•Mac and Linux users should always select one of the Mass Storage options as their USB setting
(depending on if they are saving data on internal or removable memory).
•If you want to access the files on your SD card and you do not have an SD card reader, you will
need to select Mass Storage: SD/MMC Card as the USB setting.
•Select DeLorme if you are using the device with compatible DeLorme mapping software.
4. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
To Modify the Sound Settings
Use the following instructions to modify the device’s button press sound, message sound, power
sound, turn alert sound, and/or volume of all sounds.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Sound option and press ENTER.
3. To modify the button press sound, highlight the Button Press drop-down list and press ENTER.
Highlight the desired sound type and press ENTER.
4. To modify the message sound, highlight the Message drop-down list and press ENTER. Then,
highlight the desired sound type and press ENTER.
5. To modify the Power sound, highlight the Power drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, highlight
the desired sound type and press ENTER.
6. To modify the turn alert sound, highlight the Turn Alert drop-down list and press ENTER. Then,
highlight the desired sound type and press ENTER.
7. To modify the volume of all sounds, highlight the Volume slider control and press the arrow
keypad to the right to increase the volume (or to the left to decrease the volume).
8. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
Sound menu options
To Modify the Page Order Settings
Use the following steps to change the Page order, add a Page to the Page button sequence, and/or
hide a Page.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Page Order option and press ENTER.
61
3.
4.
5.
Page Order menu options
Time menu options
62
To change the Page order, highlight the Page you want to move up or down in the list. If you
want to move the highlighted Page up in the list, use the arrow keypad to highlight the up
button. If you want to move the highlighted Page down in the list, use the arrow keypad to highlight
the down button. Then, press ENTER. Repeat this step for each Page you want to reorder.
To add a Page to the Page button sequence, highlight the Menu Option that you want to add
as a Page. Then, press ENTER to select the check box next to the menu option. A selected
check box indicates the option will display as a Page. Repeat this step for each standard menu
option that you want to add as a Page.
To hide a Page, highlight the Page you do not want to view with the Page button (currently active
Pages have a selected check box) and then press ENTER to clear the check box. Repeat this
step for each Page you want to hide.
Note: The Map Page cannot be hidden from the Page button sequence.
6. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
To Modify the Time Settings
Use the following instructions to modify the device’s time format, time zone, and/or Daylight Saving
Time preferences.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Time option and press ENTER.
3. To modify the time format, highlight the Time Format drop-down list and press ENTER. Then,
highlight the desired format and press ENTER.
4. To modify the time zone, highlight the Zone drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, highlight
the desired time zone and press ENTER.
Note: Selecting the Automatic option allows the device to update the time zone based on your
current GPS location.
5. To select Daylight Saving Time, highlight the Daylight Saving field. Press ENTER to select or
clear the Daylight Saving check box. When the check box is selected, the Earthmate GPS
PN-20 will use Daylight Saving Time.
6 Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
To Modify the Units Settings
The Device Setup Page
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Units option and press ENTER.
3. To modify the primary coordinates, highlight the Location: Primary drop-down list and press
ENTER. Then, highlight the desired format and press ENTER.
4. To modify the secondary coordinates, highlight the Location: Secondary drop-down list and
press ENTER. Then, highlight the desired format and press ENTER.
5. To modify the datum, highlight the Datum drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, highlight the
desired format and press ENTER.
6. To modify the measures, highlight the Measures drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, high
light the desired format and press ENTER.
7. To modify the bearing, highlight the Bearing drop-down list and press ENTER. Then, highlight
the desired format and press ENTER.
Units menu options
8. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
About this Device
The About This Device screen displays the serial, build, and version numbers for your Earthmate GPS
PN-20. This screen contains the serial number you will need when downloading maps for the device.
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the About This Device option and press ENTER.
3. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
Restore Setup Defaults
If you want to restore all of the Device Setup preferences without going through each Device Setup
option and selecting the Restore Setup Defaults option, use the steps below.
To Restore the Device Setup Defaults
1. Ensure the Device Setup Page is displaying.
2. Highlight the Restore Setup Defaults option and press ENTER.
3. Press QUIT to return to the Device Setup Page.
63
Restore Factory Defaults
The Restore Factory Defaults option in the Device Setup screen restores all of the settings on the Earthmate
GPS PN-20 to their “out-of-the-box” status and also deletes all tracks, routes, waypoints, etc.
64
Appendix A
Appendix A
Below is a table which provides an overview of what you can view/do on each Page as well as each
Page’s Menu functions:
With this Page...
You Can...
And Use the Page’s MENU to...
Satellite
View the:
•GPS status
•WAAS status
•GPS accuracy
•Satellite constellation
•Satellite signal graph
•Battery indicator
•Disable/Enable GPS
•Set the current location
Map
View:
•Various types of map data
•The scale bar for the current
map
•The North arrow (only available
when Course Up is selected as
the map orientation and the
map is not North Up)
•Your current GPS status
•Your direction of travel
•Show/hide/arrange/change/restore
information fields
•Measure the distance/area of a user drawn line/polygon
•Show/hide map packages
•Prioritize map data
•Change the map orientation
•Change the level of POI detail
•Use small POI symbols on the map
•Stop navigation (if in Navigation mode)
Compass
View heading/bearing information
•Hide/arrange/change information fields
•Stop navigation (if in Navigation mode)
65
With this Page...
You Can...
And Use the Page’s MENU to...
With this Page...
You Can...
And Use the Page’s MENU to...
Trip Info
View user-selected information
•Change/reset information fields
•Show large text in the information
fields (which displays three large fields)
•Reset trip values
•Modify how the Trip Info Page is
displayed
•Stop navigation (if in Navigation mode)
Routing
•Create a route
•Rename a route
•Edit a route
•View route directions
•Reverse a route
•Delete a route
•Delete all routes on the device
•Edit the route settings
•Simulate a route
•Stop navigation (if in Navigation mode)
Find
•Find a waypoint
•Find a POI
•Find natural feature
•Find an address
•Find a coordinate
•Find a street/trail
•Find a city
•View the search history
•Set your search options to “Find By
Name” or “Find Near Map Center”
•If “Find By Name” is the chosen
method, can choose to narrow the
search with “Contains” or “Begins
With” parameters
Tracks
•Turn tracking on/off
•Save a track
•Return to the track start
•Clear the current track
•Delete an existing track
•View an existing track
•Navigate to a track start
•Customize logging preferences
•Delete all tracks
•Start/stop track playback
Sun/Moon
•Reset the Sun/Moon time/date
•Mark a waypoint on the map
•View a list of waypoints
•Edit a waypoint
•Navigate to a waypoint
•Center a waypoint on the map
•Delete a waypoint
•Average a waypoint
•Delete waypoints on the device
•See the device time
•See the device date
•View sun/moon rise/set
information
•View moon phase information
Tides
View tide information based on a
particular time/date for a particular tide station
•Reset the Tides time/date
Waypoints
66
Appendix A
67
68
With this Page...
You Can...
And Use the Page’s MENU to...
Device Setup
You must use the MENU functions •Turn the GPS on/off
to modify the device settings
•Turn WAAS status on/off
•Select a battery type
•Select a color scheme
•Select the backlight intensity
•Select the backlight timer
•Change the serial port status
•Change USB settings
•Selecting sounds
ºButton press
ºMessage
ºPower
ºTurn alert
ºAll sounds
•Modify Page Order
ºChange
ºAdd a Page
ºHide a Page
•Modify Time
ºTime format
ºTime Zone
ºDaylight Saving Time
•Modify Units
ºPrimary coordinates
ºSecondary coordinates
ºDatum
ºMeasures
ºBearing
Appendix B
Appendix B
Physical Specifications
Case: IPX-7 waterproof, impact resistant
Size: 5.25” x 2.43” x 1.5”
Weight: 0.33 lbs (0.44 lbs with 2, AA batteries) or 5.28 ounces (7.04 ounces with 2, AA batteries)
Display: 176 x 220 daylight-readable TFT
Technical Specifications
General
Receiver: WAAS-enabled (SBAS) NMEA-compliant 12-channel receiver
Warm start: < 38 seconds
Hot start: < 3 seconds
Power Consumption: 550mW with no backlight, 825mW with full backlight; Li-Ion battery charging
1400mW
Update Rate: 1/second continuous
Interfaces: USB DeLorme Binary, USB Mass Storage, RS232 w/NMEA 0183
Maximum Velocity: 1000 knots
Operating temperature range -20 ºC to +70 ºC
Storage temperature range -40 ºC to +85 ºC
Low-power baseband and RF chip set (RF chip based on the ultra-low-power silicon-germanium
BiCMOS process)
Advanced high-sensitivity algorithms for superior tracking in urban environments
Proprietary Kalman filter for enhanced position accuracy
Superior noise rejection for high EMI environments
Built-in antenna
69
FCC Certification
Limited Warranty
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will
not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
DeLorme warrants that your Earthmate GPS PN-20 will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for 1 year from the date of purchase. If your Earthmate GPS PN-20 fails in normal use,
DeLorme will, at its sole option, either repair or replace the unit. DeLorme reserves the right to either
repair or replace the unit with a new or refurbished unit at its sole discretion.
Such repairs or replacements will be made at no charge for labor or materials; however, the customer
will be responsible for any shipping charges incurred to send the device to DeLorme. The repaired or
replaced product will be warranted for 90 days from the date of return shipment, or for the balance
of the original warranty, whichever is longer. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accidents, or unauthorized disassembly or modification. Any repairs not performed by DeLorme
will void this warranty.
DELORME DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF REVENUES OR PROFITS,
EVEN IF DELORME HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY CONTAINED HEREIN IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTIES. ANY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, SHALL LAST FOR 1 YEAR.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from state
to state. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of relief such as incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations or
exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty applies to the original purchaser of the product ONLY.
REMINDER: Be sure to retain the sales receipt proving the date of your original purchase. This will be
needed if warranty service is ever required. DeLorme reserves the right to refuse warranty if a receipt
is not provided or if the receipt is incomplete/illegible.
Caution
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the grantee of this device could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
FCC RF Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20 cm between
the radiator and your body.
CAUTION
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type
recommended. Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Appendix B
Warning
Do not damage the rechargeable lithium-ion battery. A damaged battery can cause an explosion or
fire, and can result in personal injury and/or property damage, and so on.
70
71
Service Plan
Before a product can be returned, you must contact DeLorme Support at 207-846-8900 to determine
if a return is necessary and request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) tracking number.
The following information must be provided to obtain warranty service:
• A copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer
• The serial number of the Earthmate GPS PN-20
• The Return Material Authorization (RMA) tracking number that you received when you called
DeLorme Support
• Your return shipping address
• Your daytime telephone number
If you have contacted DeLorme Support and have been instructed to send the device in for warranty
service, send the unit to:
Customer Service
For general questions about returns, order status, or problems with shipments, phone 800-511-2459
(Monday thru Friday) or e-mail us at sales@delorme.com.
Appendix B
Direct Sales
To place additional orders, phone 800-561-5105.
DeLorme Earthmate GPS PN-20
Service Department
2 DeLorme Drive
Yarmouth, ME 04096 USA
For the latest warranty and repair information, visit www.delorme.com/gpsrepair.
Copyright Information
Fonts used are derived from the DejaVu fonts which are derived from Bitstream Vera, Copyright
©2003 by Bitstream, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
DeLorme Contact Information
Technical Support
Visit www.delorme.com/support to access the DeLorme Technical Support Knowledge Base, get
answers to frequently asked questions, or for additional support information. If you cannot find an
answer to your problem on the site, please call 207-846-8900 to speak to a Technical Support representative. Note: DeLorme Technical Support does not provide product training.
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73
Appendix C
Waypoint Symbols
Waypoint Symbols
74
Appendix C
Fish
Jeep
Public Airport
American Flag
Birch Tree
Danger
Fishing Pole
Kayaking
Radio Tower
Anchor
Bird Tracks
Deciduous Tree
Flower Garden
Lighthouse
Railroad Crossing
Animal Tracks
Bird
Deer Tracks
Four-wheel ATV
Lodging
Restroom
Arrow, Down-left
Boat Launch
Deer
Gas Station
Military Airport
Sailboat
Arrow, Down-right
Bridge
Dining
Geocache Found
Military Base
School Bus
Arrow, Down
Building
Diver Down
Geocache
Mining
School
Arrow, Left
Buoy
Dog Sledding
Glider Area
Money
Shelter
Arrow, Right
Camera
Downhill Skiing
Golf Course
Moose
Shipwreck
Arrow, Up-left
Camper
Drinking Water
Health Facility
Motor Home
Shooting
Arrow, Up-right
Canoeing
Duck
Heliport
Mountain
Shower
Arrow, Up
Car
Evergreen Tree
Hiking
Parking
Snowmobile
Ballpark
Cave
Exclamation
House
Picnic Table
Stop
Beach
Cemetery
Exit
Ice Fishing Trap Set
Police
Swimming
Bear
Church
Fire Hydrant
Ice Fishing Trap Up
Post Office
Telephone
Bicycling
Cross-country Skiing
Fire
Ice Skating
Powerboat
Tent
Binoculars
Dam
First Aid
Information
Private Airport
Toll Booth
75
Glossary
Waypoint Symbols
Tow Truck
Traffic Light
Truck
Tunnel
Waterskiing
Flag
(available in red, dark red,
yellow, dark yellow, green,
dark green, blue, dark blue,
turquoise, dark turquoise,
gray, and dark gray)
Push Pin
(available in red, dark
red, yellow, dark yellow,
green, dark green, blue,
dark blue, turquoise, dark
turquoise, gray, and dark
gray)
Small Dot
(available in red, dark
red, yellow, dark yellow,
green, dark green, blue,
dark blue, turquoise, dark
turquoise, gray, and dark
gray)
Dot
(available in red, dark
red, yellow, dark yellow,
green, dark green, blue,
dark blue, turquoise, dark
turquoise, gray, and dark
gray)
Green Star
Course—The direction of travel from the starting location to the destination.
Red X
Differential GPS (DGPS)—A technique to improve GPS accuracy that uses pseudo-range errors
recorded at a known location to improve the measurements made by other GPS receivers within the
same general geographic area. For more information, see WAAS.
Glossary
Back on Course—The direction of travel needed to return to the course.
Base Map—A low-detail map which comes pre-loaded on the Earthmate GPS PN-20.
Battery Life—The percentage of battery life that is left on the device.
Bearing—The direction of travel from the current location to the destination.
Coordinates—The current GPS location, cursor position, or map center.
Turquoise Circle
Yellow Square
Distance to Finish—The distance from the current location to the route finish.
Distance to Next Stop—The distance from the current location to the next stop in the route.
Distance to Next Turn—The distance from the current location to the next turn in the route.
Elevation—The height above or below sea level.
Elevation (Maximum)—The maximum elevation achieved.
Elevation (Minimum)—The minimum elevation achieved.
ETA at Finish—The estimated time of arrival at the route finish.
ETA at Next Turn—The estimated time of arrival at the next turn.
ETA at Next Stop—The estimated time of arrival at the next stop.
GPS—See What is GPS on page 6.
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77
GPS Accuracy—The calculated accuracy of the GPS.
GPS Status—The current status of your GPS device (No Fix, 2-D, 3-D, etc.).
Heading—The current direction of travel.
Latitude—Position north or south of the equator in degrees; degrees, minutes; or degrees, minutes,
seconds.
Longitude—Position east or west of the prime meridian in degrees; degrees, minutes; or degrees,
minutes, seconds.
Mark—The action of placing a waypoint on the map.
Time to Next Turn—The estimated time to the next turn in the route based on road classifications
and speed settings.
Time to Sunrise/set—The time remaining until the sun rises and sets.
Trip Odometer—The total distance the GPS device has been moving.
Trip Time Moving—The total time the GPS device has been moving.
Trip Time Stopped—The total time the GPS device has been tracking, but not moving.
Trip Time Total—The total time the GPS device has been tracking, both moving and stopped.
Odometer—The total distance traveled in all trips.
Velocity Made Good—The component of the current velocity (speed) that is in the direction of the
destination.
Orientation—The alignment of a map relative to the points of the compass.
Vertical Speed—The current rate of vertical travel for the device.
Scale—The relationship between the extent of features in the real world and the size at which they
are portrayed on the map. The scale on the Earthmate GPS PN-20 is a linear graph/bar that is divided
into units of actual distance on the portion of the earth represented by the map.
Waypoints—Marked positions with specific coordinates.
Speed—The current rate of travel for the device.
Speed (Average)—The average speed of the device including stop time.
Glossary
Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS)—A program developed by the Federal Aviation
Administration to enhance the accuracy of GPS receivers, usually to within three meters of actual
position, by providing a modified GPS signal. After calculating the error factor at ground control stations through the U.S., the corrected signal is transmitted to two geostationary satellites that in turn
transmit the GPS signal back to earth. For more information, see Differential GPS (DGPS).
Speed (Maximum)—The maximum speed achieved.
Speed (Moving Average)—The average speed of the device excluding stop time.
Time to Finish—The calculated time to the route finish based on the road classifications and default
speed settings.
Time to Moonrise/set—The time remaining until the moon rises and sets.
Time to Next Stop—The estimated time to the next stop in the route based on the road classifications and speed settings.
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79
Index
A
About this Device................................63
Arrow Keypad........................................4
Averaging a waypoint..........................45
B
Back on track.................................49, 51
Backlight..........................................5, 60
Base map..............................................5
Basic functions.................................9-10
Batteries
Charging.................................. 10, 18
Compatible Types...........................2
Improving battery life...................7-8
Indicator......................................... 18
Installing..........................................2
Updating battery type...................59
Begins With.........................................35
C
Charging the device...................... 10, 18
Compass Page....................................32
Contacting DeLorme......................72-73
Contains..............................................35
Creating a route...................................48
80
D
Data Detail.....................................28, 29
Data Layering......................................27
Data Management..............................28
Device Setup Page........................ 59-64
Disabling GPS..................................... 19
E
Editing
Route settings............................... 51
Routes...........................................49
Track settings................................54
Waypoints.....................................46
Enable Serial Port................................60
Enter button..........................................4
F
Find button............................................4
Find By Name......................................35
Find Near Map Center.........................35
Find Page...................................... 35-43
Finding
Addresses............................... 39-40
Cities....................................... 42-43
Coordinates............................. 40-41
Natural features....................... 38-39
Points of interest..................... 36-37
Search history...............................35
Streets......................................41-42
Waypoints............................... 35-36
Frequently asked questions...............7-8
G
Glossary.........................................77-79
GPS
Disabling........................................ 19
How GPS works...........................6-7
Modifying GPS Settings................59
Position accuracy.................7, 17, 18
Signal.................................. 17-18, 20
Status............................................ 17
What is GPS....................................6
I
In/Out button........................................3
Information Fields
Arranging.......................................21
Changing.......................................21
Descriptions.............................22-25
Restoring.......................................26
Showing........................................21
K
Keyboard..........................................9-10
Index
M
Map cursor............................................4
Map Data.........................................5, 20
Map Page...................................... 20-31
Map Setup...........................................27
Mark button...........................................4
Marking a waypoint....................... 44-45
Mass Storage......................................61
Measuring distance/area.............. 26-27
Menu button.........................................3
Menu Options............................... 65-68
Modifying
Display..................................... 59-60
GPS Settings.................................59
Interface.................................. 60-61
Page Order.............................. 61-62
Sound............................................61
System..........................................59
Time..............................................62
Units..............................................63
N
Navigating.............................................9
81
O
Orientation..........................................29
P
Page button...........................................3
Page Order..........................................62
Pages............................................. 65-68
Panning the map...............................4, 9
POI detail.............................................30
Power button....................................2, 5
Q
Quit button............................................4
R
Resetting the device.............................8
Restoring
Factory defaults ...........................64
Information Fields.........................26
Map Setup information.................31
Route settings............................... 51
Setup defaults...............................63
Sun/Moon time and date..............57
Trip values.....................................34
Route directions..................................50
Routes Page.................................. 48-51
82
Routes
Creating.........................................48
Deleting................................... 50-51
Editing...........................................49
Reversing......................................50
Simulating......................................49
S
Satellites Page................................ 17-19
Scenarios........................................ 11-16
SD card............................................6, 10
Serial number......................................63
Service Plan........................................72
Set Current Location.............................2
Show small/large text.........................33
Simulating a route...............................49
Small waypoint symbols.....................30
Sounds................................................61
Specifications......................................69
Storing data......................................... 10
Sun/Moon
Moon phase information...............57
Resetting the time/date................57
Rise/set information......................57
Setting the time/date....................56
Sun/moon graphics................. 56-57
Symbols.........................................74-76
T
Tides Page...........................................58
Time settings......................................62
Tracking.................................................9
Tracks
Clearing.........................................53
Deleting.................................. 53, 55
Following.......................................53
Recording......................................52
Saving...................................... 52-53
Setting preferences.......................54
Viewing..........................................54
Tracks Page................................... 52-55
Transferring maps to the device....... 5-6
Trip Info Page................................ 33-34
U
USB Power Setting.............................59
USB Setting.................................. 60-61
Index
V
Volume................................................61
W
WAAS............................................ 17, 59
Warranty..............................................71
Waypoints
Averaging......................................45
Centering the map on...................47
Creating a route from....................47
Deleting.........................................47
Editing...........................................46
Marking.........................................44
View list.........................................45
Waypoints Page............................ 44-47
Z
Zooming the map in/out.......................3
83