Vaisala AWS330 User`s guide

USER'S GUIDE
Vaisala Automatic Weather Station
AWS330
M211296EN-B
PUBLISHED BY
Vaisala Oyj
P.O. Box 26
FI-00421 Helsinki
Finland
Phone (int.): +358 9 8949 1
Fax:
+358 9 8949 2227
Visit our Internet pages at www.vaisala.com.
© Vaisala 2012
No part of this manual may be reproduced, published or publicly displayed in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical (including photocopying), nor may its
contents be modified, translated, adapted, sold or disclosed to a third party without prior
written permission of the copyright holder. Translated manuals and translated portions
of multilingual documents are based on the original English versions. In ambiguous
cases, the English versions are applicable, not the translations.
The contents are subject to change without prior notice.
Please observe that this manual does not create any legally binding obligations for
Vaisala towards the customer or end user. All legally binding commitments and
agreements are included exclusively in the applicable supply contract or Conditions of
Sale.
________________________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION............................................................................ 9
About This Manual ................................................................... 9
Contents of This Manual ....................................................... 9
Version Information ............................................................. 10
Related Manuals ................................................................. 10
Documentation Conventions ............................................... 10
Product-Related Safety Precautions .................................... 11
ESD Protection ....................................................................... 11
Recycling ................................................................................ 12
Regulatory Compliances ....................................................... 12
Trademarks ............................................................................. 12
License Agreement ................................................................ 12
Redistribution License Agreement....................................... 13
Warranty.................................................................................. 14
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW................................................................................ 15
Introduction to AWS330......................................................... 15
Product Nomenclature........................................................... 18
CHAPTER 3
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION..................................................................... 19
Operating Principles .............................................................. 19
Sensor Reading ...................................................................... 21
Observation Values................................................................ 22
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity .............................. 22
Atmospheric Pressure/Vapor Pressure............................... 23
Wind .................................................................................... 24
Precipitation......................................................................... 24
Soil/Water Temperature ...................................................... 25
Solar Radiation/Sunshine.................................................... 25
Evapotranspiration .............................................................. 25
System Status ..................................................................... 25
Alarms ..................................................................................... 26
Message Formats ................................................................... 27
Observation Messages ....................................................... 27
CSV................................................................................ 27
Table .............................................................................. 28
SMS ............................................................................... 29
Alarm Messages ................................................................. 30
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 1
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 4
INSTALLATION............................................................................................31
Necessary Equipment ............................................................31
Requirements for Software Configuration...........................32
Selecting Location..................................................................33
Ambient Measurements ......................................................33
Tilt Direction of Mast............................................................34
Soil Evaluation for Mast.......................................................34
Site Preparation ......................................................................35
Power Supply and Communication Lines ...........................35
Equipment Grounding and Lightning Protection .................36
Foundation ..............................................................................39
Soil and Frost Conditions ....................................................39
Mast Orientation ..................................................................39
Concrete Foundations .........................................................41
Making New Concrete Block ..........................................42
Using Existing Concrete Block .......................................44
Mechanical Installation Procedure .......................................45
Installing Mast DKP210 ..........................................................46
Tools Required for Mast Installation....................................47
Mast Installation Procedure.................................................48
Installing Pedestal Tube ......................................................49
Connecting First Part of Mast to Pedestal Tube .................50
Connecting Lifting Rod to Mast ...........................................51
Assembling Remaining Parts of Mast .................................52
Connecting Guy Wires to Mast............................................53
Installing Lightning Rod .......................................................54
Erecting Mast DKP210 ...........................................................56
Installing and Using Winch ..................................................56
Securing Hinge ....................................................................59
Connecting Guy Wires to Concrete Blocks .........................60
Installing Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 ........................62
Mounting WMT703 ..............................................................64
Checklist for Connection Cables ....................................66
Aligning Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 ....................67
Installation Tips for Aligning Wind Sensors........................69
Installing Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15.....................70
Installing GSM/GPRS Antenna ..............................................72
Installing Solar Panel SOLAR33............................................73
Installing Sensor Support......................................................77
Installing Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe
HMP155....................................................................................80
Installing Pyranometer CMP6................................................82
Installing Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429 ..............................85
Installing Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110 .......................86
Installing Rain Gauge RG13(H) .............................................87
Installing Enclosure ...............................................................90
Enclosure Radiation Shield .................................................90
Installing Enclosure to Mast ................................................91
Alternative Installation Procedure
(More than One Person Available) ......................................91
Installing Enclosure to Wall .................................................93
2 ___________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
________________________________________________________________________________
Grounding Enclosure .......................................................... 94
Preparing GSM/GPRS Modem ........................................... 94
Connecting Sensor Cables.................................................... 95
Static Pressure Head .......................................................... 95
Transient Protection Devices................................................ 96
Battery Regulator ................................................................... 96
Powering Up System.............................................................. 97
Connecting Batteries........................................................... 98
Mounting Backup Batteries ............................................ 99
Connecting Battery Cables ............................................... 101
AC (Mains) Powering ........................................................ 102
CHAPTER 5
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION AND OPERATION ................................ 103
Software Installation ............................................................ 103
Connecting AWS Client to AWS330 ................................... 104
Installing USB Driver ......................................................... 104
Connecting to AWS330..................................................... 105
General Instructions on Using AWS Client ....................... 106
Starting and Exiting AWS Client........................................ 106
Establishing Connection.................................................... 107
Configurations with AWS Client ......................................... 111
Software Configuration Procedure.................................... 113
Common Parameters ........................................................ 114
Location Parameters ......................................................... 115
Time and Time Zone ......................................................... 116
Sensor Parameters ........................................................... 118
Calculation Parameters..................................................... 119
Messaging Parameters ..................................................... 120
Message Intervals ........................................................ 120
Messaging Protocols.................................................... 121
Alarming Protocols ....................................................... 123
Protocol Parameters .................................................... 124
TCP-Socket (Virtual Com Port)............................... 124
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) ................................... 126
eMail (SMTP) .......................................................... 128
GSM SMS ............................................................... 131
Local Serial Line ..................................................... 132
Telemetry Parameters....................................................... 133
Connection Parameters ............................................... 133
GSM Modem........................................................... 133
GPRS ...................................................................... 134
CSD Dial-In (Data Call)........................................... 136
Ethernet .................................................................. 137
Alarms ............................................................................... 138
AWS Client Main Window ................................................. 139
Defining AWS Client Settings............................................ 140
Read Only Mode .......................................................... 140
Using Address Book .................................................... 140
Serial Line Connections .......................................... 141
TCP/IP Socket Connections ................................... 142
Dial-Up Connections ............................................... 144
Options Window ........................................................... 146
Number Format ............................................................ 148
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 3
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Changing Sensor Configuration .........................................149
Opening Service Connection.............................................150
Giving Commands .............................................................152
Closing Service Connection ..............................................153
Station Parameter Backup and Restore............................153
Working with Data Log Files..............................................155
Downloading Log Files .................................................156
Converting Downloaded Log Files to CSV Format ......158
Using External Memory Card ..............................................162
Automatic Erase from External Memory Card...................163
Resetting QML Logger .........................................................164
Operating Local LCD Display QMD202 ..............................165
CHAPTER 6
MAINTENANCE..........................................................................................167
Overall Checking ..................................................................167
Site Maintenance ..................................................................168
Mast DKP210 Maintenance ..................................................168
Periodic Maintenance........................................................168
Tilting Mast ........................................................................168
Disconnecting and Securing Guy Wire ........................169
Using Winch .................................................................169
Erecting Mast.....................................................................170
Sensor Support Maintenance............................................170
Enclosure Maintenance .......................................................171
Visual Checking.................................................................171
Cleaning ............................................................................171
Inside Enclosure Maintenance ............................................172
Checking Battery ...............................................................172
Pressure Sensor BARO-1 .................................................172
Periodic Maintenance...................................................172
Field Check ..................................................................173
Changing Pressure Sensor BARO-1............................174
GSM/GPRS Antenna Maintenance......................................175
AC (Mains) Power Supply Unit Maintenance .....................175
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 Maintenance ................176
Periodic Maintenance........................................................176
Visual Inspection ...............................................................177
Cleaning ............................................................................177
Testing Proper Operation ..................................................177
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429 .............................................179
Periodic Maintenance........................................................179
Solar Panel SOLAR33 Maintenance ...................................179
Periodic Maintenance........................................................179
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe HMP155
Maintenance ..........................................................................180
Visual Check......................................................................180
Cleaning ............................................................................180
Changing the Probe Filter .................................................180
Sending for Calibration......................................................182
Changing HMP155 ............................................................182
4 ___________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
________________________________________________________________________________
Pyranometer CMP6 .............................................................. 183
Periodic Maintenance........................................................ 183
Replacing CMP6 ............................................................... 184
Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110...................................... 185
Visual Checking ................................................................ 185
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 Maintenance ............ 186
Periodic Maintenance........................................................ 186
Cleaning ............................................................................ 186
Testing Proper Operation.................................................. 186
Replacing Bearings of WAV151........................................ 186
Replacing Bearings of WAA151........................................ 190
Rain Gauge RG13(H) Maintenance ..................................... 194
Periodic Maintenance........................................................ 194
Replacing Components ....................................................... 195
Changing Backup Batteries............................................... 195
Changing QML201 Logger................................................ 195
Changing Communication Modules .................................. 196
Changing Power Supply Set ............................................. 197
Changing Surge Protectors............................................... 198
Spare Parts ........................................................................... 200
QML Logger QML201C Maintenance.................................. 201
Updating AWS330 Configuration File ............................... 201
Updating Software to Logger ............................................ 202
Copying New AWS330 Software with Loader
Program ....................................................................... 202
Copying New AWS330 Software from CF Memory
Card ............................................................................. 204
CHAPTER 7
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................... 205
Troubleshooting QML Logger QML201C ........................... 205
Opening Service Connection through QML Logger.......... 206
Recording Terminal Connection Text ............................... 206
General Troubleshooting Procedure................................. 207
Visual Check ..................................................................... 210
Determining QML Logger Operation Mode....................... 211
Connection Problems........................................................ 211
Resetting QML Logger ...................................................... 212
Determining Sensor Status ............................................... 213
Technical Support for QML Logger................................... 214
Troubleshooting TCP/IP-Based Telemetry ........................ 215
Troubleshooting GSM/GPRS Modem................................. 218
Commands for Troubleshooting Purposes ....................... 219
Warnings and Errors ......................................................... 219
Command SYSINFO......................................................... 221
Command netif .................................................................. 223
Command ipconfig ............................................................ 224
Command ping.................................................................. 224
Command net.................................................................... 225
Command ftp..................................................................... 227
Command ntp.................................................................... 228
Problem Situations for Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
WMT703 ................................................................................. 229
Command Connection to WMT703................................... 230
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 5
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Troubleshooting Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 ......232
WA15 Wind Vane ..............................................................232
WA15 Anemometer ...........................................................233
WA15 Crossarm ................................................................233
Troubleshooting Power Supply Units ................................234
Technical Support ................................................................234
Vaisala Service Centers .......................................................234
Product Returns....................................................................235
Requesting RMA...................................................................236
CHAPTER 8
TECHNICAL DATA ....................................................................................237
Wiring.....................................................................................237
QML Logger QML201C .....................................................237
Communication Modules...................................................240
Dual RS-485 Module DSI486 .......................................240
Digital I/O Module QMI118 ...........................................243
Ethernet Communication Module DSE101 ..................245
Specifications .......................................................................246
QML Logger.......................................................................246
Barometric Pressure..........................................................247
AC (Mains) Power Supply .................................................247
Power Supply Accessories................................................248
Battery ..........................................................................248
Local Line Surge Protector QSA224DC.......................248
AC Power Surge Protector PT 2PE/S-230AC-ST........248
Battery Regulator QBR101C........................................249
Four-Wire Line Surge Protector PT5-HF-5DC-ST .......250
Power Supply Filter DRF06..........................................250
Solar Panel ........................................................................251
Mast...................................................................................251
Enclosure...........................................................................252
Displays .............................................................................252
Local LCD Display QMD202 (Optional) .......................252
Communication Modules...................................................253
RS-485 Module ............................................................253
Ethernet Communication Module DSE101 ..................253
Sensors .............................................................................254
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429.....................................254
Pyranometer CMP6......................................................254
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 ............................255
Vaisala Anemometer WAA151................................255
Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151...................................256
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 ................................257
Dimensions..............................................................258
Rain Gauge RG13(H)...................................................259
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe
HMP155........................................................................260
Dimensions in mm (inches).....................................260
Soil Temperature QMT110...........................................261
GSM/GPRS Modem ..........................................................261
6 ___________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
________________________________________________________________________________
APPENDIX A
WIRING DIAGRAMS .................................................................................. 263
AWS330 System Basic Wiring Diagrams ......................... 263
APPENDIX B
CALCULATION FORMULAS .................................................................... 273
Dewpoint Temperature ........................................................ 273
Heat Index ............................................................................. 274
Wind Chill (NWS 2001) ......................................................... 275
Wet Bulb Temperature ......................................................... 275
QFE/QFF Pressure ............................................................... 278
QNH Pressure ....................................................................... 279
Wind Calculation Formulas ................................................. 280
Wind Speed Average ................................................... 280
Scalar Wind Direction Average Method....................... 281
Sunshine Duration ............................................................... 282
Evapotranspiration............................................................... 285
APPENDIX C
EXAMPLE MESSAGES ............................................................................. 289
CSV Message........................................................................ 289
Table Message...................................................................... 290
SMS Message ....................................................................... 290
Alarm Messages ................................................................... 290
Table Message with Alarm List........................................... 291
APPENDIX D
SENSOR STATUS VALUES...................................................................... 293
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 7
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
This page intentionally left blank.
8 ___________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This chapter provides general notes for the manual and AWS330.
About This Manual
NOTE
Your weather station delivery may include separate instructions for the
individual sensors. For your convenience, refer to this manual for all
information on AWS330.
This manual provides information for installing, operating, and
maintaining Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330.
Contents of This Manual
This manual consists of the following chapters:
- Chapter 1, General Information, provides general notes for the manual
and AWS330.
- Chapter 2, Product Overview, introduces the features, advantages, and
the product nomenclature.
- Chapter 3, Functional Description, describes the operating principles
of AWS330.
- Chapter 4, Installation, provides you with information that is intended
to help you install AWS330.
- Chapter 5, Software Configuration and Operation, contains
information on operating AWS Client software and introduces
optional Local Display QMD202.
- Chapter 6, Maintenance, provides information that is needed in the
basic maintenance of AWS330.
- Chapter 7, Troubleshooting, describes common problems, their
probable causes and remedies, and provides contact information for
technical support.
- Chapter 8, Technical Data, provides the technical data of AWS330.
VAISALA ________________________________________________________________________ 9
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
-
Appendix A, Wiring Diagrams
Appendix B, Calculation Formulas
Appendix C, Example Messages
Appendix D, Sensor Status Values
Version Information
Table 1
Manual Code
M211296EN-B
M211296EN-A
Manual Revisions
Description
This version. Revised electrical wiring diagrams,
electrical installation instructions, and QMT110
installation.
First version of this manual.
Related Manuals
The related manuals are contained on your installation CD. It is
recommended that you refer to this User's Guide as your primary source
of information on AWS330.
Documentation Conventions
Throughout the manual, important safety considerations are highlighted
as follows:
WARNING
Warning alerts you to a serious hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions very carefully at this point, there is a risk of injury or even
death.
CAUTION
Caution warns you of a potential hazard. If you do not read and follow
instructions carefully at this point, the product could be damaged or
important data could be lost.
NOTE
Note highlights important information on using the product.
10 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
Product-Related Safety Precautions
The Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330 delivered to you has
been tested for safety and approved as shipped from the factory. Note the
following precautions:
WARNING
All electrical installations must be carried by licensed experts as
governed by local and state authorities, legislation, and regulations.
WARNING
Failure to provide proper grounding may result in personnel injury or
death from electrical shock and may severely damage equipment.
WARNING
Lightning protection is required to prevent personnel injury and
equipment damage due to direct lightning strikes and lightning-induced
current surges.
ESD Protection
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can cause immediate or latent damage to
electronic circuits. Vaisala products are adequately protected against
ESD for their intended use. It is possible to damage the product,
however, by delivering electrostatic discharges when touching,
removing, or inserting any objects inside the equipment housing.
To make sure you are not delivering high static voltages yourself:
- Handle ESD sensitive components on a properly grounded and
protected ESD workbench.
- When an ESD workbench is not available, ground yourself to the
equipment chassis with a wrist strap and a resistive connection cord.
- If you are unable to take either of the above precautions, touch a
conductive part of the equipment chassis with your other hand before
touching ESD sensitive components.
- Always hold component boards by the edges and avoid touching the
component contacts.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 11
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Recycling
Recycle all applicable material.
Dispose of batteries and the unit according to statutory regulations. Do
not dispose of with regular household refuse.
Regulatory Compliances
The Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330 complies with the
following EU directives:
- Low Voltage Directive (2006/95/EC)
- EMC-Directive (2004/108/EC)
Trademarks
HUMICAP®, WINDCAP®, RAINCAP® are registered trademarks of
Vaisala Oyj. HydroMet™ is a trademark of Vaisala Oyj.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the
United States and/or other countries.
License Agreement
All rights to any software are held by Vaisala or third parties. The
customer is allowed to use the software only to the extent that is provided
by the applicable supply contract or Software License Agreement.
12 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 1 ________________________________________________________ General Information
Redistribution License Agreement
The QML logger software uses the TCP/IP stack produced by the "lwIP
Lightweight TCP/IP stack" -project with the following copyright and
license:
Copyright © 2001, 2002 Swedish Institute of Computer Science. All
rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
met:
1.
2.
3.
Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the
distribution.
The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote
products derived from this software without specific prior written
permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY
WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 13
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Warranty
For certain products Vaisala normally gives a limited one-year warranty.
Visit our Internet pages for more information and our standard warranty
terms and conditions: www.vaisala.com/services/warranty.html.
Please observe that any such warranty may not be valid in case of
damage due to normal wear and tear, exceptional operating conditions,
negligent handling or installation, or unauthorized modifications. Please
see the applicable supply contract or Conditions of Sale for details of the
warranty for each product.
14 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
CHAPTER 2
PRODUCT OVERVIEW
This chapter introduces the features, advantages, and the product
nomenclature.
Introduction to AWS330
Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330 is a WMO-compliant,
standard weather station with a set selection of sensors. It highlights the
experience of Vaisala as automatic weather station designer and
manufacturer by combining the high-quality, field-proven reliability of
Vaisala automatic weather stations with ease of use and durable design.
Automatic weather stations automatically measure, process, and store
meteorological data for demanding professional use, from meteorological
and scientific research to synoptic observations. All measurements and
calculations follow WMO guidelines. While operating as standalone
units, compatible Vaisala weather stations can also be connected to form
observation networks.
Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330 requires only a minimal
amount of maintenance and can be depended on to perform effectively in
all weather conditions and climates. The modular design of the station
allows easy integration of additional sensors even after the initial
purchase and permits quick replacement of individual components,
reducing downtime and overall operating cost.
By using the optional Observation Display software, data can be saved
onto a PC and presented in visual format.
Vaisala offers a variety of services related to AWS330, including site
survey, installation, high-quality sensor calibration (including
ISO/IEC 17025-accredited) calibration, and extended warranty. Contact
Vaisala for more details and an up-to-date listing of the current offering;
see section Vaisala Service Centers on page 234.
Figure 1 on page 17 presents Vaisala Automatic Weather Station
AWS330.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 15
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
The following numbers refer to Figure 1 on page 17:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15
Lightning rod
Guy wire
GSM/GPRS antenna
Mast
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe HMP155 and
Radiation Shield DTR503A
Solar Panel SOLAR33
Enclosure
Sensor support
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429
Pyranometer CMP6
Rain gauge RG13(H)
Winch
16 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 2 __________________________________________________________ Product Overview
1011-006
Figure 1
Complete AWS330 System and Dimensions
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 and Mechanical Wind Sensor Set
WA15 (numbers 1 and 2 in Figure 1 above) are used as alternatives to
each other for measuring wind speed and direction. In addition, AWS330
can feature one or two QMT110 soil temperature sensors.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 17
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Product Nomenclature
Table 2
Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330
Nomenclature
Code
DKP210
DKP12SUP
HMP155
DTR503A
RG13(H)
RGSTAND1140
QML201C
BARO-1
WMT703
IRU-9429
WA15
- WAA151
- WAV151
- WAC151
QMT110
CMP6
AWS Client
QMD202
SOLAR33
Common Name
Mast
Sensor support
Air temperature and relative humidity probe
Radiation shield for HMP155
Rain gauge (with heating)
Rain gauge stand
Data logger
Pressure sensor housed inside QML data logger
Ultrasonic wind sensor
Snow Depth Sensor
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15
Cup anemometer
Wind vane
Cross arm
Soil temperature sensor
Pyranometer
Terminal software for service connection between PC
and data logger
Local LCD display (optional)
Solar panel
18 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 3 ______________________________________________________ Functional Description
CHAPTER 3
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
This section describes the operating principles of AWS330.
Operating Principles
Sensors are measured by AWS330 system as:
- Voltage or resistance input converted to measurement value by analog
to digital conversion. For example, Pt100 temperature.
- Discrete pulse input converted to measurement value by counter. For
example, Rain Gauge RG13(H).
- Frequency converted to measurement value by frequency
(counter/time) measurement. For example, Anemometer WAA15
(wind speed).
- Intelligent sensors providing observation values as messages through
serial link. For example, WMT703 wind measurement.
Measurements are quality-checked against set limits to produce
observation values.
Observation values are processed further to produce statistical and
derived values.
Statistical and derived values are used to compose observation and
alarms messages.
Messages are passed through communication devices to Observation
Display or data collection system.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 19
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Figure 2 below illustrates the general AWS330 application functionality
with full sensor configuration.
1011-012
Figure 2
Functional Diagram of AWS330 Application
20 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 3 ______________________________________________________ Functional Description
Sensor Reading
Reading frequencies for AWS330 sensors are listed in Table 3 below.
Table 3
Sensor Reading Frequencies
Sensor
HMP155
HMP155
BARO-1
WMT703
WMT703
WAV15/WAA15
WAV15/WAA15
RG13
CMP6
QMT110
IRU9429
Output
Temperature
Humidity
Barometric pressure
Wind speed
Wind direction
Wind speed
Wind direction
Rainfall
Solar radiation
Soil temperature
Snow height
Frequency (s)
10
10
10
1
1
1
1
60 (1
10
10
60
(1
AWS330 registers all contact closures, but updates the output each
60 seconds.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 21
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Observation Values
Depending on the selected sensor configuration, the AWS330 system
produces various statistical and derived meteorological outputs.
The following tables list outputs by category.
Values with 1 minute or shorter period are regarded as instant values, that
is, they are averaged from several samples. These values are used further
to calculate statistical values for longer periods.
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity
Table 4
Reported Parameter
Dry bulb temperature
Dry bulb temperature
Dry bulb temperature
Dry bulb temperature
Dry bulb temperature
Relative humidity
Relative humidity
Dewpoint (1
Dewpoint (1
Wet bulb temperature (1
Wet bulb temperature (1
Heat index (1
Wind chill (1
(1
Parameters for Air Temperature and Relative
Humidity
Unit
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
%
%
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
Statistic
Average
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Period
Interval
1 min
10 s
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
18:00–06:00 24 hours
06:00–18:00 24 hours
1 min
10 s
1 hour
1 hour
1 min
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 min
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 min
1 min
1 min
1 min
Message Tag
TAAVG1M
TAAVG1H
TAAVG1D
TAMIN1D
TAMAX1D
RHAVG1M
RHAVG1H
DPAVG1M
DPAVG1H
TBAVG1M
TBAVG1H
HIAVG1M
WCHAVG1M
See Appendix B on page 273 for calculation formula.
22 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 3 ______________________________________________________ Functional Description
Atmospheric Pressure/Vapor Pressure
Table 5
Reported Parameter
Atmospheric pressure
QFE pressure
QFE pressure
QFE pressure
QFE pressure
QFE pressure
QFE pressure
QFE pressure
QFF pressure
QFF pressure
QFF pressure
QFF pressure
QFF pressure
QFF pressure
QFF pressure
QNH pressure
QNH pressure
QNH pressure
QNH pressure
QNH pressure
QNH pressure
QNH pressure
Pressured trend
Pressured tendency (2
Water vapor pressure
(1
(2
Parameters for Atmospheric Pressure
Unit
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa
hPa/3h
code
hPa
Statistic
Average
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
n/a
n/a
Average
Period
1 min
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
3 hour
3 hour
1 hour
Interval
10 sec
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
1 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
1 min
1 min
1 hour
Message Tag
PAAVG1M (1
QFEAVG1M
QFEAVG1H
QFEMIN1H
QFEMAX1H
QFEAVG1D
QFEMIN1D
QFEMAX1D
QFFAVG1M
QFFAVG1H
QFFMIN1H
QFFMAX1H
QFFAVG1D
QFFMIN1D
QFFMAX1D
QNHAVG1M
QNHAVG1H
QNHMIN1H
QNHMAX1H
QNHAVG1D
QNHMIN1D
QNHMAX1D
PTREND3H
PTEND3H
VPAVG1H
Not directly reported; use QFEAVG1M instead.
Pressure tendency codes; WMO code table 0200.
Pre-Requisite
Atmospheric
pressure now
higher than 3 hours
ago.
Code
0
1
Atmospheric
pressure now
same as 3 hours
ago.
Atmospheric
pressure now
lower than 3 hours
ago.
0
4
5
2
3
5
6
7
8
Meaning
Increasing, then decreasing
Increasing, then steady, or increasing, then
increasing more slowly.
Increasing steadily or unsteadily.
Decreasing or steady, then increasing; or
increasing, then increasing more rapidly.
Increasing, then decreasing.
Steady.
Decreasing then increasing.
Decreasing, then increasing.
Decreasing, then steady, or decreasing, then
decreasing more slowly.
Decreasing steadily or unsteadily.
Steady or increasing, then decreasing; or
decreasing, then decreasing more rapidly.
See section QFE/QFF Pressure on page 278 for pressure calculation
formulas.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 23
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Wind
The wind calculation method is scalar. See section Wind Calculation
Formulas on page 280 for wind calculation formulas.
Table 6
Reported Parameter
Direction
Speed
Direction
Direction
Direction
Speed
Speed
Speed
Direction
Direction
Direction
Speed
Speed
Speed
Direction of max speed
Parameters for Wind
Unit
degrees
m/s
degrees
degrees
degrees
m/s
m/s
m/s
degrees
degrees
degrees
m/s
m/s
m/s
degrees
Statistic
Average
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
n/a
Period
3s
3s
2 min
2 min
2 min
2 min
2 min
2 min
10 min
10 min
10 min
10 min
10 min
10 min
10 min
Interval
1 sec
1 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
15 sec
Message Tag
WD
WS
WDAVG2M
WDMIN2M
WDMAX2M
WSAVG2M
WSMIN2M
WSMAX2M
WDAVG10M
WDMIN10M
WDMAX10M
WSAVG10M
WSMIN10M
WSMAX10M
WDWSMAX10M
Interval
1 min
10 min
30 min
1 hour
3 hour
6 hour
12 hour
1 day
1 min
1 hour
Message Tag
PRSUM1M
PRSUM10M
PRSUM30M
PRSUM1H
PRSUM3H
PRSUM6H
PRSUM12H
PRSUM1D
PRFSUM1H
SNAVG1H
Precipitation
Table 7
Reported Parameter
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain accumulation
Rain intensity
Snow depth
Parameters for Precipitation
Unit
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm / h
cm
Statistic
Sum
Sum
Sum
Sum
Sum
Sum
Sum
Sum
n/a
Average
Period
1 min
10 min
30 min
1 hour
3 hour
6 hour
12 hour
1 day
1 min
1 hour
24 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 3 ______________________________________________________ Functional Description
Soil/Water Temperature
Table 8
Reported Parameter
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 2
Soil/water temperature 2
Soil/water temperature 2
Soil/water temperature 2
Soil/water temperature 2
Soil/water temperature 2
Soil/water temperature 2
Parameters for Soil/Water Temperature
Unit
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
Statistic
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Average
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Period
10 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
10 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
Interval
10 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
10 min
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 day
1 day
1 day
Message Tag
TS1AVG10M
TS1AVG1H
TS1MIN1H
TS1MAX1H
TS1AVG1D
TS1MIN1D
TS1MAX1D
TS2AVG10M
TS2MIN1H
TS2MAX1H
TS2AVG1H
TS2AVG1D
TS2MIN1D
TS2MAX1D
Solar Radiation/Sunshine
Table 9
Reported Parameter
Solar radiation
Solar radiation
Solar radiation
Sunshine duration (1
Parameters for Solar Radiation
Unit
W/m2
W/m2
W/m2
min
Statistic
Average
Average
Average
Sum
Period
1 min
1 hour
1 day
1 day
Interval
10 s
1 hour
1 day
1 day
Message Tag
GIRRAVG1M
GIRRAVG1H
GIRRAVG1D
SDUR1D
(1
See section Sunshine Duration on page 282 for sunshine duration
formula.
Evapotranspiration
Table 10
Reported Parameter
Evapotranspiration
Parameters for Evapotranspiration
Unit
Statistic
mm/day n/a
Period
1 day
Interval
1 day
Message Tag
EVAP1D
See section Evapotranspiration on page 285 for evapotranspiration
formula.
System Status
Table 11
Reported Parameter
System uptime
Data logger status
Power supply voltage
System Status Indicator
Unit
min
n/a
VDC
Statistic
Sum
n/a
n/a
Period
n/a
n/a
n/a
Interval
1 min
n/a
1 min
Message Tag
UPTIME
STATUS
EXTDC
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 25
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Alarms
AWS330 system can be enabled to send alarm messages based on
selected observation values and technical alarms based on system and
sensor status.
The following alarm sources and limits are available:
Table 12
Alarm Sources and Types
Monitored Value
Air temperature instant
Air temperature instant
Wind speed max 10 min
Precipitation sum 1 hour
Data logger temperature
Data logger temperature
Data logger supply
voltage
Unit
°C
°C
m/s
mm
°C
°C
VDC
Alarm Type
High limit
Low limit
High limit
High limit
High limit
Low limit
Low limit
In addition, all sensor failures are reported as alarms.
26 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 3 ______________________________________________________ Functional Description
Message Formats
Observation Messages
Observation messages are fixed, and always contain all observations and
calculation outputs, regardless if individual sensors are present or not.
Observation values and results derived from missing sensors are
presented by one or more slash '/' characters in place of the value.
CSV
CSV message consists of header and tag/value pairs separated by
semicolons. The actual message does not contain linefeeds; the
description is split into two lines for readability.
(S:<StationName>;D:<YYMMDD>;T:<hhmmss>;
<ObsTag1>:ObsValue1>; … <ObsTagN:ObsValueN>)
where
<StationName>
<YYMMDD>
<hhmmss>
<ObsTag1>
<ObsValue1:>
;
:
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Name of the observation site
Message date UTC; for example, 101126
Message time UTC; for example, 085300
Name for observation value
Observation value
Separator character between fields
Separator character between tag and value
Example header:
S:Testfield1;D:101126;T:055300
Example tag/value pair with trailing separator:
TAAVG1M:-0.3;
Tags for observation values are listed in section Observation Values on
page 22.
Missing observation values are replaced with one or more slash '/'
characters.
Example of a full CSV Message is shown on page 289.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 27
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table
Table message is a message in readable format with instant values and
sensor status values.
The following values are displayed in the table message:
Table 13
Row Label/Column
Station name
Date
Internal temperature [°C]
DC supply voltage [V]
Temperature [°C]
Relative humidity [%]
Table Message Values
Instant
Station name
Date time UTC
Logger internal
temperature
Logger DC supply
voltage
HMP155 air
temperature
HMP155 relative
humidity
Wind direction [deg]
3 sec average
wind direction
Wind speed [m/s]
3 sec average
wind direction
Precipitation [mm],[mm/h] 1 min cumulative
precipitation from
rain gauge
Snow depth [mm],[cm]
Soil temperature 1 [°C]
Soil temperature 2 [°C]
(1
Sensor IRU 9429
reading
QMT102 soil
temperature
QMT102 soil
temperature
Average
Status (1
1 min average
temperature
1 min average
relative
humidity
10 min average
wind direction
HMP155 air
temperature status
HMP155 relative
humidity status
1 min average
soil
temperature
1 min average
soil
temperature
QMT102 status
WMT700 status
Not available for
WAV15 (99)
10 min average WMT700 status
wind speed
Not available for
WAA15 (99)
Precipitation
Rain gauge status
intensity
calculated over
10 minutes
Snow height
IRU 9429 status
QMT102 status
See Appendix D, Sensor Status Values, on page 293.
Missing observation values are replaced with one or more slash '/'
characters.
See example Table Message on page 290.
28 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 3 ______________________________________________________ Functional Description
SMS
SMS message is a very short message containing only the basic
observations. The message size is limited to 160 characters to fit into a
single SMS. Value tags are also different from CSV message tags.
SMS message contains the following values:
Table 14
SMS Message Values
Reported Parameter
Unit
Statistic
Station name
Message time
Air temperature
Relative humidity
Dewpoint temperature
Liquid precipitation
Wind direction
Wind speed
Global radiation
Soil water temperature 1
Soil water temperature 2
Snow height
n/a
UTC
°C
%
°C
mm
Deg
m/s
W/m2
°C
°C
cm
n/a
n/a
Average
Average
Average
Sum
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Period Interval Message
Tag
n/a
n/a
S
n/a
n/a
DT
1 min
1 min
TA
1 min
1 min
RH
1 min
1 min
DP
1 hour 1 hour PR
10 min 15 sec WD
10 min 15 sec WS
1 hour 1 hour SR
1 min
1 min
TS1
1 min
1 min
TS2
1 hour 1 hour SH
Message is formatted as:
S:<Station
Name>;DT:<Timestamp>;<Tag1>:<Value1>;…<TagN:ValueN>
where
<Station Name>
<Timestamp>
<Tag1>
<Value1>
;
:
= Name of the observation site
= Message UTC timestamp formatted as
YYMMDD hhmmss
= Observation value tag
= Observation value
= Separator character between fields
= Separator character between tag and value
Example tag/value pair with trailing separator:
TA:-10.3;
Missing observation values are replaced with a single slash '/' character.
See example SMS Message on page 290.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 29
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Alarm Messages
Alarms are sent using plain text messages formatted in similar manner as
observation message CSV. The actual message does not contain
linefeeds; the description below is split into two lines for readability.
(S:<StationName>;D:<YYMMDD>;T:<hhmmss>;
ALARM:<Alarm reason>;<ValueTag>:<Value>)
where
<StationName>
<YYMMDD>
<hhmmss>
<Alarm reason>
<ValueTag>
<Value>
;
:
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Name of the observation site
Message date UTC, for example 101126
Message time UTC, for example 085300
Short description of the source
Message tag for the alarming value (optional)
Value of the alarming variable (optional)
Separator character between fields
Separator character between tag and value
Example alarm message:
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:091500;ALARM:Windspeed;WSMAX10M:30.0)
Table 15
Sensor Alarms
Monitored Sensor
HMP155/Temperature
HMP155/Relative humidity
BARO-1
WMT703/Wind direction
WMT703/Wind speed
WAV15/WAA15
RG13
CMP6
QMT110
IRU9429
Message
Air temperature sensor failure
Humidity sensor failure
Barometric pressure sensor failure
Wind direction sensor failure
Wind speed sensor failure
N/A. Sensor failure is not detectable by
AWS330
N/A. Sensor failure is not detectable by
AWS330
Solar radiation sensor failure
Soil temperature 1/2 sensor failure
Snow height sensor failure
Example sensor alarm message:
(S:AWS330;D:101209;T:091600;ALARM:Humidity sensor failure)
Sensor failure alarms can be sent as above or as an attachment to table
message. For an example, see section Table Message with Alarm List on
page 291.
30 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
CHAPTER 4
INSTALLATION
This chapter provides you with information that is intended to help you
install AWS330.
NOTE
The individual sensors may come with their own instructions. However,
refer to this manual for all installation instructions.
NOTE
The delivery includes accessories, such as nuts and bolts, that can be
used in other installations than mast installation. Not all have to be used.
Necessary Equipment
- Allen keys
- Wrenches
or adjustable wrench
- Crosshead screwdriver
and
slothead screwdriver
- Compass
- Spirit level
- Laptop PC with AWS Client
- Percussion drill (foundation work)
- Hammer
- Insulated tools (solar panel)
- Safety helmet
- Rubber gloves
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 31
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Requirements for Software Configuration
Table 16 below lists the items and information that are required before
configuring the AWS330 system.
Table 16
Items/Information Required Prior to Configuration
Pre-requisite
All sites
Barometric pressure
measurement and
QFF/QNH values in use.
Solar radiation sensor and
sunshine duration
calculation in use
GSM telemetry in use
GPRS telemetry in use
Item/Information
Unique site name
Observation site altitude
from mean sea level.
Source
User-provided
Map services, GPS
receiver (1
Observation site WGS84 GPS receiver, map
coordinates
services
GSM SIM card and PIN
number
GPRS access point
name
GPRS access point
credentials
GPRS telemetry in use and
access point requires
credentials (optional)
GPRS or Ethernet telemetry IP settings
with fixed IP addressing in
- Address
use
- Network mask
- Gateway address
- DNS address(es)
GPRS or Ethernet telemetry eMail settings
with eMail transfer in use
- Server name or address
- User credentials
(optional)
GPRS or Ethernet telemetry FTP settings
with FTP transfer in use
- Server name or address
- User credentials
(optional)
GSM SMS telemetry in use SMS central number
(optional)
Cellular network
operator (2
Cellular network
operator
Cellular network
operator
Network operator
Network operator
Network operator
Network operator
1) All GPS receivers do not provide altitude information that is accurate
for all purposes. Consult the receiver manual for altitude accuracy
information.
2) If possible, also obtain the unlock code PUK in case the SIM card
becomes accidentally locked.
32 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Selecting Location
Ambient Measurements
Finding a suitable site for the weather station is important for getting
representative ambient measurements. The site should represent the
general area of interest. For further information, refer to the local
recommendations and WMO Guide to Meteorological Instruments and
Methods of Observation, WMO-No. 8.
Allow sufficient clearance especially for the wind sensors. The mast
should not be located next to a building or any other object that might
affect the airflow.
Avoid the following installation sites to ensure correct measurements:
rooftops, sides of buildings, shaded areas, steep slopes, heat sources,
swamps, high vegetation, and places that might hold water after rains.
In general, there should be at least 150 m of open area to all directions
from the mast. The minimum distance between the mast and obstacles is
ten times the height of an obstacle. Refer to Figure 3 below.
1012-170
Figure 3
Recommended Mast Location in Open Area
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 33
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Tilt Direction of Mast
Also note the tilting direction of the mast. When installed in the northern
hemisphere, the mast tilts to the west. There should be a clear area up to
9 m on the west side of the mast. The area should be free of obstacles
preventing the mast from being erected and tilted.
Soil Evaluation for Mast
Always evaluate the soil to determine the appropriate type of the
foundation required. When designing the foundation, the local
construction companies must be consulted to find out about the soil and
frost conditions in your area. When the soil is frost-susceptible, make
sure to always use proper insulation.
CAUTION
For the mast base installation, the soil bearing capacity has to exceed
45 kPa (940 pounds-force/sq. foot).
34 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Site Preparation
Power Supply and Communication Lines
Before assembling the mast, the power supply and communication lines
must be available. The primary AC power service must comply with the
National Electrical Code (NEC) or equivalent specifications for
grounding the primary power service entrance. The AC (mains) power
must be continuous, 110–230 V/50 Hz, and without spikes and blackouts.
If the AC (mains) voltage is fluctuating more than the given tolerance
allows, the AC (mains) voltage stabilizers are recommended.
WARNING
All electrical installations must be carried by licensed experts as
governed by local and state authorities, legislation, and regulations.
The following applies to all field cabling:
- Use armored field cables to protect the cabling from wildlife or
vandalism.
- Cables must be suitable for underground use.
- Check the cable core cross-sectional area diameter according to
maximum allowable voltage drop.
- Route the cables through protective conduits to the equipment.
- Check cable conduit diameters or use additional termination boxes.
- Ground the cable shield at both ends.
- Use transient overvoltage protection devices at both ends of field
cables.
Always make a detailed cabling and wiring plan. Data transmission lines
from the outdoor sites to indoor devices have to be prepared carefully.
Also the power supply for the equipment used needs to be planned
carefully.
It is recommended that you use a conduit to protect the cables that
connect the indoor components to the outdoor components from damage
and moisture. Also traffic, standing water, and the twist and stress caused
by the connectors will damage the cables.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 35
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Equipment Grounding and Lightning
Protection
WARNING
Consult the local electricity professionals for the local grounding
requirements. The customer is responsible for supplying grounding
cables, rods, clamps, power cables, long distance signal cables, and
conduits for cables.
With mast installations, equipment grounding and lightning
protection must be done separately. The main principles are as follows:
- Proper equipment grounding is required for personnel safety and for
equipment protection. A piece of equipment is grounded by
connecting its metal structures and electrical equipment to an external
buried ground rod. Individual site requirements may dictate changes in
the procedures described in this manual. Changes are permissible as
long as protection equivalent to the original requirements is provided
for the system.
WARNING
Failure to provide proper grounding may result in personnel injury or
death from electrical shock and may severely damage the equipment.
WARNING
Lightning protection is required to prevent personnel injury and
equipment damage due to direct lightning strikes and lightning-induced
current surges.
- The materials used in the manufacture of the grounding systems must
be chosen to prevent them from forming an electrolytic couple. It is
recommended that you use copper (Cu).
36 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
- The equipment grounding system and lightning protection grounding
system should be located as far as possible from each other. The
minimum recommended distance is 5 m (16 ft.). Due to this, the
lightning rod grounding cable is routed down from the top of the mast
via the guy wire which is isolated from the mast construction; refer to
number 2 in Figure 4 below. The equipment grounding should be done
near the mast block as illustrated in the figure.
1012-200
Figure 4
Location of Grounding Rods and Optional Grid,
Arrow Points to Mast Tilt Direction
The following numbers refer to Figure 4 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Lightning protection grounding rod
Guy wire block of the isolated guy wire 3
Mast block
Optional grounding rod
Optional connecting cable
5-meter minimum distance between the rods
Equipment grounding rod
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 37
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
- The recommended grounding resistance is 10 Ω or less for both the
grounding of lighting protection rod and for the equipment grounding.
Soil conditions (sand, rocks, and so on) and the ground resistance
measurement determine the design and construction of the grounding
system. Buried ground rods and/or buried wire can be used for the
ground network. The type and combination used depend on soil
conditions (ease of installation) and on the value of measured ground
resistance (the most effective way of reducing resistance to the
required value of 10 Ω or less). Measurements of the earth resistance
must be made at least 48 hours after rainfall.
- The connection between ground rods and the equipment frames and
copper cables should be made with appropriate compression lugs,
bolts, nuts, and lock washers.
Table 17
Examples of Soil Resistivities, Ohm-Meters
Soil Type
Topsoil, loam
Inorganic clays of high plasticity
Silty or clayey fine sands with slight plasticity
Fine sandy or silty clays, silty clays, clean clays
Silty sands, poorly graded sand-silt mixtures
Well-graded gravel, gravel sand mixtures
Median
26
33
55
190
300
800
Variation
1 ... 50
10 ... 55
30 ... 80
80 ... 300
100 ... 500
600 ... 1 000
Due to the above reasons and soil variations, the grounding accessories
must be supplied locally.
38 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Foundation
Soil and Frost Conditions
When designing the foundation, the local construction companies must
be consulted to find out about the soil and frost conditions in your area.
When the soil is frost-susceptible, make sure that you always use proper
insulation.
Mast Orientation
Refer to Figure 5 on page 40 for the orientation of the mast. The concrete
blocks for guy wires have to be placed so that the pole mast can be tilted
west (east in the southern hemisphere) by releasing only the detachable
guy wire 1; see Figure 5 on page 40.
To ease the orientation of the mast, the two-headed arrow is cut on the
orientation plate. "N" should face north and "S" should face south to
ensure the aiming of the weather station devices to the correct position.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 39
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
0207-064
Figure 5
Mast DKP210 Orientation
40 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Concrete Foundations
DKP210 can be mounted on a new or an existing concrete block. The
pole mast is fixed to the concrete block with foundation bolts.
NOTE
The minimum weight of the main mast block is 400 kg (882 lb.).
When constructing a new concrete block, fasten the foundation bolt
assembly simultaneously with the concrete pour. If there is an existing
concrete foundation, you have to drill the holes for the foundation bolts.
In both cases, use the delivered orientation plate for the correct placing of
the foundation bolts. For the protection of the cables, it is recommended
that you install a cable conduit, which has a minimum diameter of 70 mm
(2.76 in.). See Figure 6 below.
0303-026
Figure 6
Main Mast Block and Orientation Plate (Dimensions in
mm)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 41
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Concrete block dimensions for the guy wires are presented in Figure 7
below.
0303-027
Figure 7
Concrete Block for Guy Wire (Dimensions in mm)
Making New Concrete Block
Make a cast mould with steel reinforcements according to the
design shown in Figure 8 below. Use 12 mm deformed steel. In
addition to the reinforcement, you need to add two additional
horizontal bar layers. The distance between the layers should be
approximately 200 mm. Note that you can make the guy wire
blocks in a similar way, but the reinforcement horizontal bar length
should be 300 mm instead of 400 mm presented in the figure.
400
600
1.
0207-068
Figure 8
Reinforcement for Concrete Blocks
42 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
2.
3.
4.
If necessary, place the cable duct tubes into the casting mould prior
to casting. The recommended inner diameter of the duct tube is
70 mm (2.76 in.).
Place the steel reinforcement into the casting mould.
Screw the foundation bolts (number 1 in Figure 9 below) to the
nuts (6) which are fixed to the square metal plate (3).
1012-171
Figure 9
5.
Foundation Assembly for Mast Base
Fix the orientation plate (2) to the upper ends of the foundation
bolts (1) with eight nuts (4 and 5), see Figure 9 above. The top of
the bolt should be approximately 80 mm above the orientation
plate, refer to Figure 6 on page 41.
1012-172
Figure 10
6.
Foundation Assemblies for New Concrete Block
Install the foundation assembly into the mould so that the
foundation bolt threads stand above the surface, see Figure 6 on
page 41. The orientation plate (number 4 in Figure 10 above)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 43
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
7.
8.
should be at the same height as the top of the finalized concrete
block. Protect the threads of the bolts above the orientation plate,
for example, by taping them. Also check the correct alignment of
the foundation assembly with the orientation plate. "N" should face
north and "S" should face south.
For the guy wires, fix the foundation bolt (number 2 in Figure 10
on page 43) to the plate with a nut (3). Fix the eye nut (1) to the
other end of the foundation bolt. Level the assembly so that the top
of the bolt will be 40 mm above the concrete in the finalized block.
The eye nut will then be one centimeter above the finalized
concrete block.
Pour in the concrete. Finish the concrete block.
Using Existing Concrete Block
1.
Drill holes with a diameter of 25 mm into the concrete block using
the orientation plate as a guide. Make sure that the depth of the
holes is 240 mm (±5 mm).
0207-070
Figure 11
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Accessories for Existing Concrete Block
Installation
First, install the key piece (number 3 in Figure 11 above) correctly
inside the wedge bolt (4). The narrow end should point to the
direction of the lower arrow shown in Figure 11 above. Assemble
the wedge bolts into the holes. There are four bolts for the mast
base and one bolt for each of the guy wire blocks.
Hammer the wedge bolts (4) down using the provided bar (2).
Screw the foundation bolts (1) to the wedge bolts and tighten the
screws properly.
Fill the remaining space of the holes with a suitable compound.
Start erecting the mast after the compound is dry.
44 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Mechanical Installation Procedure
Reserve at least a full day for the mechanical installation, especially if
you do not have previous experience with weather stations.
CAUTION
Wear a safety helmet when installing the mast. Preferably do not install
the mast alone.
The mechanical installation consists of the following phases:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Installing Mast DKP210 as described on page 46.
Installing Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT70 as described on page 62
or Installing Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 as described on
page 70.
Installing GSM/GPRS Antenna as described on page 72.
Installing Solar Panel as described on page 73.
Erecting Mast DKP210 as described on page 56.
Installing Sensor Support as described on page 77.
Installing Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe HMP155
as described on page 80.
Installing Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429 as described on page 85.
Installing Pyranometer CMP6 as described on page 82.
Installing Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110 as described on page
86.
Installing Rain Gauge RG13(H) as described on page 87.
Installing Enclosure as described on page 90, comprising the
following phases:
a.
Installing Enclosure to Mast as described on page 91 or
Installing Enclosure to Wall as described on page 93.
b.
Grounding Enclosure as described on page 94.
c.
Preparing GSM/GPRS Modem as described on page 94
Connecting Sensor Cables as described on page 95.
Powering Up System as described on page 97.
After the mechanical installation, AWS330 is configured with a laptop
PC and AWS Client software as described in Chapter 5, Software
Configuration and Operation, on page 103.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 45
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Mast DKP210
DKP210 is a 10-meter tiltable mast. The mast is designed to withstand
high wind conditions, up to 50 m/s of maximum wind speed, with a
standard set of guy wires. The plate of the pedestal tube is made of
stainless steel with a powder coating resistant to corrosion. The material
of the lifting rod and mast tubes is anodized aluminum.
CAUTION
Do not install the mast when wind speed is over 7 m/s.
NOTE
Wind sensors WMT703 and WA15 positioned on top of the mast require
exact bearings (north, south). Take time to position the mast correctly, as
instructed here, and verify the directions carefully. This will make correct
aligning of the wind sensors significantly easier.
46 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-201
Figure 12
DKP210 Mast Dimensions (in mm)
Tools Required for Mast Installation
You need a set of Allen keys, two wrenches (17 and 30 mm), a spirit
level, a compass, and a big hammer.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 47
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Mast Installation Procedure
To assemble the mast, follow the work order below:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Attach the 2-meter-high pedestal tube to the concrete foundation.
Lift the first part of the mast to the upper end of the pedestal tube
and assemble the hinge axle.
Attach the lifting rod to the clamp preinstalled to the first part of
the mast.
Assemble the remaining parts of the mast.
Lift the upper end of the mast on the tilting support and secure the
tilting support to the mast using the provided strap.
Attach the guy wires to the uppermost part of the mast.
Assemble the rod holders to the lightning rod and attach the
assembly to the mast.
Attach the winch and route the winch wire to the appropriate
guides.
Attach the jacketed copper grounding wire to the isolated guy wire
3 with the cable ties.
Erect the mast with the winch and secure the hinge with the bolts.
Connect the guy wires with fasteners to their foundations and mark
them with the cable shrouds.
Tilt the mast down by opening the detachable guy wire 1 to verify
that the installation is secure.
Install any other devices that will be installed to the tiltable part of
the mast and attach the cables to the mast with cable ties.
Erect the mast with the winch and secure the hinge with the bolts.
Remove the winch and assemble the devices to the pedestal tube.
For detailed instructions, refer to the following sections.
48 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Pedestal Tube
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn the pedestal tube so that the plate lug (number 5 in Figure 13
below) faces south in the northern hemisphere and north in the
southern hemisphere. The plate lug is for attaching the guide for the
winch wire.
Place the washers and then the spring washers onto the previously
installed nuts. Lift the pedestal tube through the bolts onto the
washers.
Install the nuts with the washers and spring washers to the
foundation bolts.
Level the pedestal tube to vertical with the nuts that are under the
plate. For adjusting the level, use the appropriate wrench (30 mm)
and the spirit level to check that the pedestal tube is vertical.
Finally, tighten the bolts with the appropriate wrenches.
1012-173
Figure 13
Pedestal Tube Attachment
The following numbers refer to Figure 13 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Pole mast
Nut M20 DIN934, 8 pcs; use wrench 30 mm
Spring washer B20 DIN127, 8 pcs
Washer A20 DIN125, 8 pcs
Plate lug
Guide plate, META-0501
Foundation
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 49
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Connecting First Part of Mast to Pedestal
Tube
To connect the first part of the mast to the pedestal tube, install the axle
for the hinge. Take the axle (number 3 in Figure 14 below) from the
plastic bag labeled "Hinge Set".
1.
2.
3.
Thread the Allen bolt (4) with the washers to one end of the axle.
Lift the first part of the mast (1) end on the hinge and install the
axle.
Thread the Allen bolt (4) with the washers to the other end of the
axle and tighten both ends with an Allen key.
1012-174
Figure 14
Hinge Axle Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 14 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
First part of the mast
Pedestal tube
Axle for hinge
Allen bolt M8x25 DIN912 A4, 2 pcs; use Allen key 6 mm
Spring washer B8 DIN127 A4, 2 pcs
Washer A8.4 DIN9021 A4, 2 pcs
50 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Connecting Lifting Rod to Mast
The delivery contains the lifting rod that is used, with the winch, to erect
and tilt the upper parts of the mast. The clamps are preinstalled at the
factory to the pedestal tube and to the first part of the mast. The clamp on
the lifting rod has hooks and taps to ease the installation. The stainless
steel bolts are included in the "Lifting Rod Assembly Set". To attach the
lifting rod to the first part of the mast:
1.
2.
3.
Place the lifting rod (number 3 in Figure 15 below) to the first part
of the mast (4).
Make sure that both taps on the clamp go into the railing and the
hooks at the end of the clamp go firmly around the opposite clamp.
Install the Allen bolts with the washers and tighten them with an
Allen key (6 mm).
1012-175
Figure 15
Lifting Rod Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 15 above:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Allen bolt M8x25 DIN912 A4, 8 pcs; use Allen key 6 mm
Spring washer B8 DIN127 A4, 8 pcs
Lifting rod
First part of the mast
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 51
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Assembling Remaining Parts of Mast
The remaining parts of the mast have an O-ring (number 1 in Figure 16
below) installed on the mast part. Just slide the parts of the mast together
to connect them. You need to rotate either of the parts to align the groove
(2) on the upper part and the ridge (3) inside the lower part.
1012-205
Figure 16
Aligning Remaining Mast Parts
52 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Connecting Guy Wires to Mast
1.
Install the clamps (numbers 1 in Figure 17 below) with the washers
and Allen bolts (4, 5) around the narrowing of the mast (2), 1 m
from the top.
Aim the clamps assembly so that the snap hook (7) of detachable
guy wire 1 (6) points upward when the mast is tilted.
Tighten the Allen bolts.
2.
3.
1012-176
Figure 17
Connecting Guy Wires to Mast
The following numbers refer to Figure 17 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Clamps
Narrowing of the mast
Guy wire
Washer B8 DIN127 A4, 3 pcs
Allen bolt M8x40 DIN912, 3 pcs; use Allen key 6 mm
Guy wire 1 with the snap hook
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 53
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Lightning Rod
To install the lightning rod, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
NOTE
Slide the lightning rod (number 1 in Figure 18 on page 55) to the
holes in the lightning rod holders (2) and attach the rod to the
holders using the fastening plates (6).
Attach the lighting rod holders to the mast so that they point to the
same direction as the isolated guy wire 3 (number 8 in Figure 18 on
page 55; see also Figure 4 on page 37).
Before erecting the mast, attach the grounding cable to the isolated
guy wire 3 with cable ties (9), starting below the isolation block.
Leave some extra cable between the lightning rod and the wire clip on
the guy wire to ensure that the guy wire does not pull the lightning rod
downward.
54 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-177
Figure 18
Lightning Rod Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 18 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
NOTE
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Lightning rod
Lightning rod holder, 2 pcs
Mounting clamp, 4 pcs
Allen bolt M6x40 DIN912 A4, 7 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 7 pcs
Fastening plate
Grounding cable
Isolated guy wire 3
Cable tie
At this point, it is highly advisable to erect the mast to ensure that the
installation is secure and the guy wires are firmly attached and of correct
length. After you have carefully verified the installation, tilt the mast
again and start installing sensors and accessories (wind sensors,
GSM/GPRS antenna, and solar panel).
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 55
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Erecting Mast DKP210
Before erecting the mast, check that all the parts are firmly attached.
Check that the top fastener is secure on the upper end of the mast.
Installing and Using Winch
It is recommended that you use the easy-to-install winch for erecting the
mast. After use, the winch should be removed and stored to a dry place.
1.
Attach the handle (number 2 in Figure 19 below) to the winch.
1012-179
Figure 19
Assembling Winch
The following numbers refer to Figure 19 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Winch
Winch handle
Shackle; attach to the lowest part of the mast.
Snap hook; attach to lifting rod
Keen pin, 2 pcs
Washer A10.5 DIN9021 A4
Nut M10 DIN984 A4; use wrench 17 mm
Nut M10 DIN985 A4, 2 pcs; use wrench 17 mm
Washer A10 DIN125 A4, 2 pcs
Bolt A10 DINM10x20 DIN933 A4, 2 pcs; use wrench
17 mm
11 = Alignment hole for mast installation
56 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
2.
Install the winch toward the pedestal tube so that the tap (number 3
in Figure 20 below) on the tube goes to the hole (2) on the winch.
Make sure that the plastic cover on the winch faces up.
1101-029
Figure 20
3.
4.
Winch Installation
Wrap the clamps (1) around the tube to the clamp assemblies (4)
and attach them.
Finally, secure the clamps with the provided pin clips as shown in
Figure 21 below.
0303-042
Figure 21
Securing Winch Clamp
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 57
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
5.
6.
7.
8.
Attach the cable bearer to the plate lug (number 5 in Figure 13 on
page 49) of the pedestal plate. Make sure that the free wire end
points toward the end of the lifting rod (see correct positioning of
the cable bearer in Figure 22 below).
Clip the hook of the guy wire to the plate lug of the lifting rod.
Take a good grasp on the handle and turn it clockwise to tighten the
wire and lift the mast slightly. The winch is equipped with a
friction break and thus, it stops automatically when you release the
handle.
Remove the tilting support and erect the mast.
1012-206
Figure 22
Winch Installed, Arrow Points to Cable Bearer
WARNING
Make sure that there are no people under the mast when the mast is
being erected.
WARNING
When erecting the mast with the winch, avoid touching the wire with
bare hands. Do not try to guide the wire.
WARNING
Always wear gloves when using the winch. Do not touch the gears of the
winch.
58 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Securing Hinge
After erecting the mast, secure the hinge with the provided accessories as
illustrated in Figure 23 below. Refer also to Figure 14 on page 50.
NOTE
Always assemble the washers (number 3 in Figure 23 below) under the
spring washers (2) to prevent the paint from being damaged.
0303-045
Figure 23
Bolts and Washers for Securing Hinge
The following numbers refer to Figure 23 above:
1
2
3
=
=
=
Allen bolt M10x30 DIN912 A4, 4 pcs; use Allen key 8 mm
Spring washer B10 DIN127 A4, 4 pcs
Washer A10.5 DIN125 A4, 4 pcs
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 59
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Connecting Guy Wires to Concrete
Blocks
1.
2.
3.
4.
NOTE
For the guy wires 2 and 3, connect the U-bolt (number 4 in Figure
24 on page 61) to the eye nut (5) installed on the concrete block.
Slide the strap (3) onto the U-bolt and thread the nuts.
For the guy wire 1, connect the U-bolt to the eye nut with an
additional bow shackle to enable easy releasing of the wire. The
strap is used the same way as with the guy wires 2 and 3.
Guide the guy wire through the strap (3) around the wedge (9) and
back through the strap. Pull the loose wire through the strap and
secure it with wire clips.
After assembling the wire clips properly, tension the guy wire by
tightening the nuts to slide the strap until the initial tension of the
guy wires is sufficient.
When tensioning the guy wires, make sure that the mast remains straight
and that all the guy wires are equally tensioned.
5.
Finally, place the black and yellow cable shrouds around the guy
wires. There is one package of shrouds for each wire. Place the
extra guy wire inside the cable shrouds.
60 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-207
Figure 24
Connecting Guy Wires to Concrete Blocks
The following numbers refer to Figure 24 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Guy wire
Wire clip
Strap
U-bolt
Eye nut
Additional bow shackle
Nut M6 DIN934; use wrench 10 mm
Nut M12 DIN934; use wrench 19 mm
Wedge
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 61
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 measures wind speed and direction.
WMT703 is installed on top of the mast with the FIX70 mounting kit.
The sensor is shipped in a custom cardboard container with plastic
transportation dampers. When unpacking WMT703, remove only the
damper that protects the sensor body. Do not remove the damper that
protects the array.
CAUTION
Do not remove the transportation damper that protects the array until you
have installed WMT703.
1012-215
Figure 25
NOTE
Removing WMT703 Transportation Damper
Save the container and all the packaging materials for future transporting
or shipping.
62 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
CAUTION
When handling WMT703, do not rotate, pull, strike, bend, scrape, or
touch the transducers with sharp objects. Any impact on the wind sensor
array damages the device.
1005-004
Figure 26
WMT703 Sensor Handling
WARNING
A lightning rod must be installed above the wind sensor; see section
Equipment Grounding and Lightning Protection on page 36.
WARNING
Do not install WMT703 when there is a risk of thunderstorm or lightning
activity in the area.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 63
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Mounting WMT703
To mount WMT703 on the mast, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
CAUTION
Attach the mast adapters (numbers 2, 4, and 5 in Figure 27 on page
65, both sides) to the FIX70 mounting kit (1).
Install the FIX70 mounting kit to the mast (11) with the U-bolts
(7). Do not tighten the U-bolts (7, 8, 9) too much at this stage
because you still need to rotate the bracket to align WMT703 (6)
after the installation.
Connect the cable to the wind sensor. Tighten the connector by
rotating the connector by hand clockwise, see Figure 28 on page
66.
Hold the wind sensor (6) from its body and slide the sensor into the
FIX70 mounting kit (1). Turn the sensor so that the fixing screw
(10) slides into the appropriate slot. Turn the sensor until the fixing
screw reaches the far end of the slot. Tighten the fixing screw.
Do not remove the transportation damper that protects the array before
aligning the sensor. Do not touch the array when handling WMT703.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the transportation damper protecting the array and store it
for future use.
Align WMT703 as instructed in section Aligning Ultrasonic Wind
Sensor WMT703 on page 67.
Secure the sensor cable to the mast with cable ties.
Connect the sensor cable to the WMT70 Data and WMT70 Power
connectors on the bottom of the enclosure; see section Connecting
Sensor Cables on page 95.
See also section Installation Tips for Aligning Wind Sensors on page 69.
64 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-216
Figure 27
Installing Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
The following numbers refer to Figure 27 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FIX70 mounting kit
Mast adapter for FIX70 mounting kit
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4, 4 pcs; Allen key 5 mm
Nut M6 DIN934 A4, 4 pcs; use wrench 10 mm
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 9 pcs
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
U-bolt
Spring washer B8 DIN127 A4, 4 pcs
Nut M8 DIN934 A4, 4 pcs; use wrench 13 mm
Fixing screw M6x10 DIN912 A4, 1 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Mast
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 65
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1004-084
Figure 28
Tightening Connector
The following number refers to Figure 28 above:
1 = Tighten the connector by rotating the ribbed part of the connector
by hand. Do not use tools.
NOTE
Verify that the connector is properly tightened to avoid water leakage and
damage to the sensor. If water leaks into the connector, the warranty for
WMT703 is voided.
Checklist for Connection Cables
Take the following issues into account when installing WMT703:
- Routing of the cables depends on the mounting option selected for
WMT703. When mounting to a mast, the cable can be routed either
outside or inside the mast, depending on the mast type and other
equipment (for instance, lightning rods) installed to the mast.
- Make sure that the cable is properly attached to the mast or cross arm
before starting the installation. Otherwise, it may slip and fall down
during the installation.
- It is important to attach the cable properly to avoid strain to the
connector. Too much strain may cause the cable to fall off, damage
the cable or connector, or make the cable or connector susceptible to
water leakage. The recommended minimum bending radius for the
cable is 70 mm.
WARNING
Make sure that you connect only de-energized wires.
66 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
WARNING
Using a long cable between different units (sensors, transmitters, power
supplies, and displays) can cause a lethal surge voltage if a lightning
strike occurs in the vicinity. Always apply proper grounding procedures
and follow the requirements of the local Electrical Code.
Aligning Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
WMT703 is permanently marked with the letter N and a north arrow.
WMT703 needs to be aligned in such a way that this arrow points to the
north. Misaligning WMT703 causes a wind direction offset error in the
measurement results, as shown in Figure 30 on page 68.
To align WMT703, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
Determine whether the array of WMT703 is correctly aligned with
a compass or other similar method.
If the alignment is not correct, readjust the orientation: rotate the
FIX70 mounting kit so that the north arrow and the north
transducer point to the north in the measurement location. Do not
remove WMT703 from the mounting kit during the alignment
process. Tighten the bolts of the FIX70 mounting kit.
Figure 29 below and Figure 30 on page 68 show the correct alignment
and the measurement error caused by misalignment of WMT703.
0208-025
Figure 29
Correctly Aligned WMT703
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 67
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1001-018
Figure 30
Incorrectly Aligned WMT703 and Resulting Offset
Error
N = Correct direction for true north
a = Wind direction offset error caused by the misalignment of
WMT703
68 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installation Tips for Aligning Wind Sensors
If you have successfully installed Mast DKP210 so that it tilts exactly
toward west (in the northern hemisphere), you can align the wind sensor
correctly using a regular spirit level.
1.
Tilt the mast (number 1 in Figure 31 below) and set it resting on the
tilting support (2).
Set the spirit level (4) on the WAC151 sensor arm (or on the two
lower transducer arms if installing Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
WMT703).
Check the level that the sensor assembly so that it is exactly
horizontal. Tighten the sensor support arm (or the FIX70 mounting
kit if installing WMT703) to the mast.
Lift the mast, and the wind sensor is aligned correctly toward north.
2.
3.
4.
If you have not succeeded in installing the mast so that it tilts exactly to
the west, but it tilts, for example, 5° toward south-west, you can correct
the declination by applying the difference angle 5° to the horizontal level.
Use the appropriate angle meter to set the correct declination.
1012-212
Figure 31
Installing Wind Sensors
The following numbers refer to Figure 31 above:
1
2
3
4
=
=
=
=
Mast
Tilting support
Instrument (WA15)
Spirit level
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 69
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 consists of a Vaisala Anemometer
WAA151, a Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151, a cross arm WAC151, a
junction box, and cabling.
Install WA15 as follows:
1.
2.
3.
WARNING
Attach the cross arm to the top of a pole mast with the mounting
clamp. Check that vane end of the cross arm is pointing north as
shown in Figure 31 on page 69.
Mount the sensors onto the cross arm as shown in Figure 32 on
page 71.
Bind the cables to the mast with cable ties.
Using a long cable between different units (sensors, transmitters, power
supplies, and displays) can cause a lethal surge voltage if a lightning
strike occurs in the vicinity. Always ground the mast equipment case
close to the mast with a short, low-resistance cable.
4.
Connect the sensor cables DRW222446 and DRW222447 to the
WIND1 and WIND2 connectors on the bottom of the enclosure;
see section Connecting Sensor Cables on page 95.
See also section Installation Tips for Aligning Wind Sensors on page 69.
70 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-180
Figure 32
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 32 above:
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Anemometer WAA151
Wind Vane WAV151
Cross arm WAC151
Washer anti-loss A6.4 PE LD, 6 pcs
Screw M6x16 DIN7992 A4, 6 pcs; use Allen key 4 mm
(preinstalled)
6 = Washer A6.4 DIN127 A4, 4 pcs (pre-installed)
7 = Screw M6x25 DIN912 A4, 4 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
(preinstalled)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 71
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing GSM/GPRS Antenna
To install the GSM/GPRS modem, you need to mount the antenna to the
mast and insert the SIM card into the modem (see section Preparing
GSM/GPRS Modem on page 94).
The GSM/GPRS antenna is an omnidirectional antenna. The antenna
provides high gain, enabling better signal at installation sites where long
distances to the base station or the terrain cause uncertain connections. In
addition to giving a stable connection, a strong signal also reduces the
power consumption of the station. The antenna cable is high-quality
coaxial cable.
1.
2.
3.
Install the GSM/GPRS antenna to the mast at the height of
approximately 5 meters. Check that the antenna cable reaches its
connector well and that there is some loose cable.
Bind the cables to the mast with cable ties.
Connect the antenna cable to the GSM Antenna connector on the
bottom of the enclosure; see section Connecting Sensor Cables on
page 95.
1012-217
Figure 33
GSM/GPRS Antenna Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 33 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
GSM/GPRS antenna
Fastening plate
U-bolt
Washer A6.4 DIN125
Spring washer B6 DIN127
Nut M6 DIN934
Mast DKP210
72 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Solar Panel SOLAR33
Solar Panel SOLAR33 is a custom-designed module incorporating highpower efficiency and quality. The 33 W panel contains 36 polycrystalline
silicon cells. The SOLAR33 modules are lightweight and have high
power and a robust construction.
The cells are protected from dirt, moisture and mechanical impact using a
tempered, low-iron glass front. The solar circuit is laminated using EVA
(Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) between tempered glass and a durable, multilayered polymer back sheet for superior moisture resistance.
WARNING
Photovoltaic modules generate direct current (DC) when exposed to
sunlight or other sources of light. Although single modules produce low
voltage and current, shocks and burns can still result from contact with
module output wiring.
CAUTION
Handle the solar panel with care: impact on the front or rear surface can
damage the module. Do not bend the panel.
CAUTION
When working with the panel, use properly insulated tools and wear
rubber gloves.
NOTE
The rays of the sun should be perpendicular to the panel. In other words,
sunlight should hit the panel at a 90° angle.
NOTE
Do not concentrate light on the panel in an attempt to increase its power
output.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 73
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Install the solar panel as follows:
1.
2.
Mount the panel to the mast using the provided brackets. Face the
panel south (true south, not magnetic) on the northern hemisphere
and north on the southern hemisphere. The recommended
installation height is roughly 4 m from the ground level. Secure the
bolts firmly.
Adjust the tilting of the solar panel by loosening the adjusting
screws. Be careful not to damage the power cable during the tilting.
Remember to tighten the screws in the end. Finding the correct
angle, shown in Figure 35 on page 76:
a.
The panel is tilted toward the sun. The further you are from
the equator, the more vertical the panel.
b.
3.
Maximize the annual energy output by installing the panel at
an angle recommended in Table 18 on page 76. In some
installations, it may be effective to adjust the tilt seasonally.
At most latitudes, performance can be improved during
summer by using an angle smaller than the table's
recommendation. Conversely, a larger angle can improve
winter performance.
Guide the solar panel cable down the mast, keeping it away from
the grounding cable. Secure the cable with cable ties.
Do not connect the solar panel cable to the enclosure until the mechanical
installation of AWS330 is complete, the backup batteries are connected,
and the weather station is ready for powering; see instructions in section
Powering Up System on page 97.
CAUTION
Do not connect Solar Panel SOLAR33 before the mechanical installation
of the entire AWS330 is complete.
74 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1101-011
Figure 34
Installing Solar Panel SOLAR33
The following numbers refer to Figure 34 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Solar panel
Frame for solar panel
Bracket APPK-SET75
Pole mast
Screw M6x20 DIN912 A4, 4 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 8 pcs
Washer A6 DIN 125 A4, 4 pcs
Screw M6x25 DIN912 A4, 4 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 75
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1101-012
Figure 35
Adjusting Solar Panel SOLAR33 Tilting Angle
The following letter and number refer to Figure 35 above:
α = Tilting angle
9 = Adjusting screws; use Allen key 5 mm and wrench 10 mm
Table 18
Recommended Tilt Angle for Solar Panel
Latitude of Site
0 ...10°
10 ... 50°
>50°
Tilt Angle
20°
Add 10° to local latitude
60°
0011-042
Figure 36
Map of Latitudes
76 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Sensor Support
Sensor support is mounted on the mast and serves for mounting several
sensors. In AWS330, a suitable installation height to the mast is
1.8 meters.
Install the sensor support as follows:
1.
Mount the sensor support to the mast using a U-bolt (number 2 in
Figure 37 below) and the mounting plate (6).
Use a spirit level to verify that the arm is level.
2.
1012-181
Figure 37
Mounting Sensor Support
The following numbers refer to Figure 37 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Sensor support
U-bolt
Nut M8 DIN934 A4, 4 pcs
Washer A6.4 DIN125 A4, 10 pcs
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4, 10 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Mounting plate
Spring washer B8 DIN127 A4, 4 pcs
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 77
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
The sensor support package includes a bag of tools, screws, and other
useful equipment that you can use for mounting the sensors onto the
sensor support. Keep the bag for later use.
1101-013
Figure 38
Sensor Support Mounted on Mast
The following numbers refer to Figure 38 above:
1 = Sensor support
2 = Foundation
78 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
When mounting only half the sensor support:
1.
Mount the sensor support to the mast using a U-bolt (number 2 in
Figure 39 below) and the mounting plate (6).
Use a spirit level to verify that the arm is level.
2.
1012-182
Figure 39
Mounting Half Sensor Support
The following numbers refer to Figure 39 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Sensor support
U-bolt
Nut M8 DIN934 A4, 4 pcs
Washer A6.4 DIN125 A4, 3 pcs
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4, 3 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Mounting plate
Spring washer B8 DIN127 A4, 4 pcs
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 79
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Air Temperature and Relative
Humidity Probe HMP155
It is recommended that you install the HMP155 probe and Radiation
Shield DTR503A onto a sensor support for WMO-compliant
measurement results.
NOTE
The radiation shield is important in protecting the sensor from direct
sunlight, and must always be used.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Install the radiation shield DTR503A (number 2 in Figure 40 on
page 81) onto the sensor support.
Remove the protecting cover from the HMP155 probe. Loosen the
fastening ring of the sensor with your fingers and put the sensor
inside the radiation shield. Tighten the fastening ring without using
excessive force.
Lead the sensor cable along the sensor support and attach it with
cable ties.
Connect the sensor cable to the Temp. / Hum. connector on the
bottom of the enclosure; see section Connecting Sensor Cables on
page 95.
80 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-183
Figure 40
Installing HMP155 into Radiation Shield
The following numbers refer to Figure 40 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
HMP155 probe
Radiation shield DTR503A
Sensor support
Washer A6.4 DIN125 A4, 2 pcs
Washer B6 DIN127 A4, 2 pcs
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4, 2 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 81
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Pyranometer CMP6
Pyranometer CMP6 is installed on a mounting plate for thermal isolation.
1.
2.
Install the mounting plate (number 2 in Figure 41 on page 83) onto
the sensor support (1).
Prepare the sensor (3):
a.
Carefully remove the plastic cover of the sensor by pressing
the clips on the cover.
b.
NOTE
Be careful not to drop the sensor when you remove the cover. The cover
is attached tightly.
3.
4.
NOTE
Attach the cable to the sensor and push the plastic cover back
into place.
Attach the sensor onto the mounting plate1) on the sensor support.
Place the pyranometer on the mounting plate so that the leveling
screws (8) and the leg set in the small drillings on the mounting
plate. Two long screws (6) and two nylon insulators (7) are
provided for fixing the sensor on the mounting plate. The
pyranometer should first be secured lightly with the screws to allow
leveling.
Level the sensor by turning the leveling screws (8). Use the screw
nearest to the spirit level first. When the sensor is straight
according to the spirit level, the thermopile is horizontal within
0.05 °. This causes a maximum azimuthal variation of ±0.5% at a
solar elevation of 10 °.
Correct leveling of the sensor is essential for obtaining accurate
measurements. Use the spirit level on the CMP6 to level the sensor.
5.
6.
7.
1)
Secure the pyranometer tightly with the two screws (6). Ensure that
the pyranometer maintains its leveled position.
Route the sensor cable along the sensor support and secure it with
cable ties.
Connect the sensor cable to the Sol. Rad. connector on the bottom
of the enclosure; see section Connecting Sensor Cables on page 95.
Temperature fluctuations of the pyranometer body can produce offset
signals. Thus, the sensor is thermally isolated from its fixtures using
non-conducting materials.
82 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
NOTE
Keep the original solar radiation sensor packaging for later shipments.
Although all sensors are weatherproof and suitable for harsh ambient
conditions, they do partially consist of delicate mechanical parts. It is
recommended that you use the original shipment packaging in order to
safely transport the equipment to the measurement site.
NOTE
The drying cartridge of the pyranometer might need to be changed at
times. See maintenance instructions of the sensor in section Pyranometer
CMP6 on page 183.
1012-186
Figure 41
Installing Pyranometer CMP6
The following numbers refer to Figure 41 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Sensor support
Mounting plate KZFIXPLATE
Pyranometer CMP6
Washer B6 DIN127 A4, 2 pcs
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4, 2pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Screw M5, found in sensor package, 2 pcs, slot-head; use slothead
screwdriver
7 = Nylon rings, found in sensor package, 2 pcs
8 = Leveling screw
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 83
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1012-187
Figure 42
Pyranometer CMP6 Dimensions, Pyranometer CMP6
Installed
84 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429 is installed on the sensor support.
1.
Attach the installation plate (number 5 in Figure 43 below) to the
sensor support.
Place the sensor (4) through the installation plate and fasten with
the hose clamp (6). Use the screw that comes with the clamp and
tighten with wrench 10 mm.
Attach the sensor cover (4) to its place using the screws (7).
Bind the cable to sensor arm with cable ties.
Connect the sensor cable to the SNOW DEPTH connector on the
bottom of the enclosure; see section Connecting Sensor Cables on
page 95.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1012-185
Figure 43
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429 Installation
The following numbers refer to Figure 43 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Pole mast
Sensor arm
Cover IRUFIXSET
Sensor IRU-9429
Installation plate IRUFIXSET
Hose clamp; use wrench 10 mm
Screw M6x10 DIN912 A4, 2 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 2 pcs
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4; use Allen key 5 mm
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 85
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110
Vaisala Soil Temperature Probe QMT110 is used for precision
measurement of ground and soil temperatures. In AWS330, you can have
up to two QMT110 sensors. Positioning of the sensor and insulation of
the sensor cable are essential for the measurements; see steps 3 and 4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Choose a location. The measurement site should be undisturbed
ground, 1 m², and typical of the surface of interest. The ground
surface should be level with respect to the immediate (10 m radius)
area.
Make a hole with a shovel to a depth slightly deeper than the
desired installation depth of the sensor.
To have good sensor contact with the soil, push the sensor into the
wall of the hole horizontally until set firmly. Do not place the
sensor at the bottom of the hole. Fill the hole with the dug-up soil.
Lead the sensor cable from the sensor to the enclosure. For thermal
insulation, do either of the following:
- If possible, wrap 1–2 m of the sensor cable into a coil and bury
it in the ground.
- Lead the sensor cable from the enclosure to the sensor via
insulated tube that you have buried in the ground.
Connect the sensor cable to the Soil T1 connector on the bottom of
the enclosure. For two QMT110 sensors, use the Soil T2 connector
as well; see section Connecting Sensor Cables on page 95.
1108-009
Figure 44
Installing Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110
86 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Rain Gauge RG13(H)
Vaisala Rain Gauge RG13(H) features a tipping-bucket mechanism that
produces a contact closure every time the gauge receives a predetermined
small quantity of rainfall (for example, 0.2 mm, depending on the
model). The body and the funnel of the gauge are aluminum alloy. In
RG13H, a heater element switches on at temperatures below +4 °C to
melt possible snowfall and keep the moving parts from freezing. The rain
gauge is installed on a stand.
The opening of the gauge must be in a horizontal plane, open to the sky,
and above the level of in-splashing and snow accumulation. Objects
should not be closer to the gauge than a distance four times their height
above the gauge orifice.
In areas of dense vegetation, the height of the vegetation should be kept
well below the gauge opening level by regular clipping. Avoid sites on a
slope or on building roofs. Hard flat surfaces, such as concrete, should
also be avoided to prevent in-splashing.
To mount the gauge and the stand, proceed as follows:
1.
Drill holes to a concrete pad according to Figure 45 below. You
can use the bottom plate of the stand as a guide when drilling.
0504-047
Figure 45
2.
Installation Hole Placement for Rain Gauge
Stand
Attach the stand (number 3 in Figure 46 on page 89) to the
foundation with wedge bolts (6) and a hammer.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 87
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
3.
NOTE
Use the spirit level on the RG13(H) for the leveling (number 3 in Figure
46 on page 89).
4.
5.
NOTE
Place the base of the rain gauge (9) onto the stand and level it with
the three leveling screws (2). Use the spirit level (13) on the rain
gauge for the leveling. Finally, secure the locknuts (12).
Secure the base through the two holding lugs (14) with the
provided Allen bolts, washers, and nuts (7, 8, and 10).
Carefully remove the rubber band (11), which is fitted for transit
purposes, and check that the bucket pivots easily.
Remember to remove the rubber band from inside the RG13(H) (number
11 in Figure 46 on page 89).
6.
7.
8.
Attach the outer tube of the rain gauge (1) onto the base and secure
it with the locks.
Route the signal/power along the stand and secure it with cable ties
(15 and 16).
Connect the signal/power cable to the Rain connector on the
bottom of the enclosure; see section Connecting Sensor Cables on
page 95.
The following numbers refer to Figure 46 on page 89:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Outer tube of Rain Gauge RG13
Leveling screw
Pedestal
Nut M10 DIN934 A4, 4 pcs; use wrench 17 mm
Washer A10 DIN125 A4, 4 pcs
Wedge bolts; use a hammer
Allen bolt M8x30 DIN912 A4, 2 pcs; Allen key 6 mm
Washer A8 DIN125 A4, 2 pcs
Base of Rain Gauge RG13
Nut M8 DIN985 A4, 2 pcs; use wrench 13 mm
Rubber band
Locknut
Spirit level
Holding lugs, 2 pcs
Cable
Cable tie
88 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
1012-189
Figure 46
Installing Rain Gauge RG13(H)
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 89
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Installing Enclosure
The stainless steel electronics enclosure houses the QML logger,
communication modems, other system electronics and the backup
batteries. All external devices are connected to the bottom flange of the
enclosure. The wiring inside the enclosure is done at Vaisala. At the site,
the customer needs to do the following mechanical installations:
- Mount the enclosure to a mast or on a wall.
- Mount the backup batteries inside the enclosure.
- Insert the SIM card to the GMS/GPRS modem inside the enclosure, if
GSM/GPRS telemetry is used.
- Make sure that cables from individual sensors are connected to the
connector flange on the bottom of the enclosure.
- Ground the enclosure from the grounding rail (number 4 in Figure 51
on page 95) as instructed in section Grounding Enclosure on page 94.
Enclosure Radiation Shield
The radiation shield is preinstalled at Vaisala to protect the enclosure in
mast installations. The radiation shield can be removed for the
installation phase to lighten the enclosure.
1012-190
Figure 47
Installing Radiation Shield to Enclosure
The following numbers refer to Figure 47 above:
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Enclosure
Radiation shield
Screw M6x12 ISO7380 A4, 2 pcs; use Allen key 4 mm
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 2 pcs
Washer A6.4 DIN125 A4, 2 pcs
90 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Enclosure to Mast
In a mast installation, the enclosure is mounted below the sensor support.
The bottom of the enclosure comes roughly 1 m from the ground. Mast
mounting sets (number 7 in Figure 48 on page 92) are used for the
installation, and the enclosure door should face north (in the northern
hemisphere) to avoid solar radiation heating the enclosure.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Install the mast mounting sets. Tighten the sets lightly.
Screw the two uppermost screws and washers to the enclosure. Do
this for both mounting sets. Leave the screws out by about 10 mm.
Lift the enclosure to the upper mast mounting set so that the screws
slide to the mounting set slots (1).
Slide the lower mounting set to fit the lower screws of the
enclosure. Tighten the screws (5) and install rest of the mounting
set screws.
Loose the mounting sets and slide the enclosure to the desired
height (roughly 1 m from the ground to the bottom of the
enclosure). Make sure that the enclosure door is toward north.
Tighten all screws.
If you have removed the radiation shield before installation, attach
it again to the enclosure; see section Enclosure Radiation Shield on
page 90.
Alternative Installation Procedure
(More than One Person Available)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Screw the two front-most halves of the mounting set (7) using
screws and washers (5, 6) firmly to the enclosure. Do this for both
mounting sets.
Lift the enclosure and press the open mounting set halves firmly to
the mast.
Attach the remaining mounting set halves to the open halves using
the screws and washers (4, 3).
If you have removed the radiation shield before installation, attach
it again to the enclosure; see section Enclosure Radiation Shield on
page 90.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 91
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1012-191
Figure 48
Installing Enclosure to Mast
The following numbers refer to Figure 48 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Support plate, APPK-SET100
Clamp plate, APPK-SET100
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 8 pcs
Screw M6x25 DIN912 A4, 8 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Screw M6x16 DIN912 A4, 8 pcs; use Allen key 5 mm
Washer A6 DIN125 A4, 8 pcs
Mast mounting set, APPK-SET100
Enclosure
92 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Installing Enclosure to Wall
The correct installation height for the enclosure is approximately 1.5 to
1.7 m (eye height for best working access).
Insert the four installation screws through the mounting holes of the wall
mounting plate attached to the back of the enclosure; see Figure 49
below.
1101-014
Figure 49
Installing Enclosure to Wall
The following numbers refer to Figure 49 above:
1 = Hexagonal head lag screw M6x50 DIN571 Fe/Zn, 4 pcs; use
wrench 10 mm
2 = Washer, fender Ø6.6 DIN440 Zn, 4 pcs
3 = Anchor plug 8x40, 4 pcs, Ø8 mm depth 50 installation hole
4 = Concrete or brick wall
5 = Enclosure
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 93
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Grounding Enclosure
Equipment grounding and lightning protection grounding must be
done separately.
For lightning protection grounding, see that the lightning rod has been
grounded properly, as instructed in section Equipment Grounding and
Lightning Protection on page 36. Connect the end of the lightning rod
grounding cable to the grounding rod close to the guy wire foundation
(number 1 in Figure 4 on page 37). Use proper copper wire for the
connection.
For equipment grounding, connect the enclosure grounding rail (number
4 in Figure 51 on page 95) to grounding rod close to mast foundation
(number 7 in Figure 4 on page 37). Use proper copper wire for the
connection.
Preparing GSM/GPRS Modem
GSM/GPRS modem provides wireless telemetry for AWS330. The
modem is housed inside the electronics enclosure. Insert the SIM card
into the retractable slide on the modem (number 3 in Figure 50 below).
1011-005
Figure 50
GSM/GPRS Modem
The following numbers refer to Figure 50 above:
1 = Indicator LED
2 = Power cable connector
3 = Slot for SIM card
Configuration of GSM/GPRS telemetry is described in Chapter 5,
Software Configuration and Operation, on page 103, and installing
GSM/GPRS antenna on the mast is described in section Installing
GSM/GPRS Antenna on page 72.
94 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Connecting Sensor Cables
Connect the sensor cables to the enclosure after mechanically installing
the sensors. All sensors, power supplies, and communication devices are
connected to the system using environmentally-sealed connectors. All the
connectors are labeled and located on the bottom flange of the electronic
enclosure. See also Appendix A, Wiring Diagrams, on page 263 for an
overview of AWS330 wiring.
NOTE
Be careful not to bend the connector pins when connecting the cables.
1012-199
Figure 51
Connector Flange of Enclosure
The following numbers refer to Figure 51 above:
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Maintenance terminal COM0 connector
AC (mains) input power connector
Static pressure head tube
Grounding rail for common grounding point
Solar panel connector
Static Pressure Head
Static pressure head (number 3 in Figure 51 above) minimizes fieldinduced error in pressure measurement.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 95
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Transient Protection Devices
Each sensor input in the QML logger has varistor (VDR) protection
against induced transients. The local data and Ethernet ports have
Transzorb diodes in their inputs. For maintenance information, see
section Replacing Components on page 195.
Battery Regulator
Battery Regulator QBR101C maintains charging of the integral 12 V
battery. The charge/recharge control includes temperature compensation
function as well as a deep discharge protection of the battery. QBR101C
also allows simultaneous input from both AC (mains) power and solar
panel, if one is used.
Also included are LED lamps for indicating Battery OK/Low and
Charge/Recharge conditions. In order to maximize autonomy time, the
lamps are activated only while pressing an ON push button. QBR101C is
a rail-mountable unit, allowing easy maintenance.
0105-007
Figure 52
Battery Regulator
96 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Powering Up System
WARNING
Electrical installations must be carried out by licensed experts as
governed by local and state authorities, legislation, and regulations.
WARNING
Always consult local authorities on decisions that relate to aviation
safety, grounding, lightning protection, safe installation, and power
supply. It is the responsibility of the customer to see that local
regulations, laws, and authorities have been properly observed.
WARNING
Failure to provide proper grounding may result in personnel injury or
death from electrical shock and may severely damage equipment.
When the station is ready for powering, the backup batteries and the solar
panel are connected first and then the AC (mains) power.
For battery connection, make sure the backup batteries are properly
fastened into place before connecting the battery cables; see section
Mounting Backup Batteries on page 99.
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 97
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Connecting Batteries
WARNING
Do not connect the batteries until AWS330 is ready for powering.
The work order for connecting the AWS330 backup batteries:
1.
2.
3.
Insert the flat connectors to battery terminals.
Mount the batteries and hook the straps.
When ready for powering, connect the battery cables to the flat
connectors.
1012-213
Figure 53
Connecting Battery
The following numbers refer to Figure 53 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Screw M4x16 DIN933 A4; use wrench 7 mm
Spring washer B4 DIN127 A4
Washer A4.3 DIN125 A4
Flat terminal
Battery cable
Nut M4 DIN934 A4; wrench 7 mm
98 __________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Mounting Backup Batteries
Two backup batteries, each with 26 Ah capacity, provide backup power
for the system. The batteries are charged through the battery regulator by
the solar panel or the AC power supply. The batteries are sealed and
maintenance-free. The batteries are mounted inside the enclosure as
shown in Figure 54 below.
1012-192
Figure 54
Backup Batteries Positioned Correctly
Mount the batteries inside the enclosure subframe as shown in Figure 54
above:
1.
2.
3.
Hook the straps (number 3 in Figure 55 on page 100) onto the
subframe (5).
Position the batteries (4) under the straps.
Tighten the straps onto the front side of the subframe using the
screws (2) and the spring washers (1).
VAISALA _______________________________________________________________________ 99
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1012-198
Figure 55
Attaching Strips over Battery
The following numbers refer to Figure 55 above:
1
2
3
4
5
=
=
=
=
=
Spring washer B6 DIN127 A4, 2 pcs
Screw M6x25 ISO7380 A4, 2 pcs; use Allen key 4 mm
Battery strap, 2 pcs
Battery 26 Ah, 2 pcs
Subframe
100 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 4 _______________________________________________________________ Installation
Connecting Battery Cables
To connect the battery cables, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Connect the red wires to the + poles. (Battery fuse 6.3 A is within
the battery switch assembly.)
Connect the black wires to the - poles.
If solar panel is used, connect the solar panel cable to the Solar
Panel connector on the bottom of the enclosure; see Figure 51 on
page 95.
WARNING
Connect the + poles first to avoid short-circuiting and injury to
personnel.
CAUTION
Check the battery wiring carefully; refer to Table 19 below.
Table 19
Battery Cable
Red
Black
WARNING
Battery Wiring
Battery Function
+
Positive pole +12 V
Negative pole (GND)
The equipment shall be preceded by a separately approved Circuit
Breaker with rating ≤16 A due to the rating of the appliance coupler.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 101
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
AC (Mains) Powering
For AC (mains) powering, make sure the site has been prepared
according to the instructions in section Site Preparation on page 35.
Before connecting the AC (mains) power cable, ensure there is no power
connected to the cable (by turning down the fuse or turning off the
power). Connect the AC (mains) power cable to the Mains Input
connector on bottom of the enclosure; see Figure 51 on page 95. Turn on
the AC power.
A 2-meter AC (mains) cable (item: DRW228770Z2M) is provided with
AWS330 when mains power supply is used.
1206-047
Figure 56
Screw Terminal Connections for AC (Mains) Power
Cable
Table 20
AC (Mains) Power Cable Specifications
Property
Cable type
Connector
Description/Value
3x0.75 mm2 H05RN-F
Female 3+PE Amphenol ECOMATE
Circular
102 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
CHAPTER 5
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION AND
OPERATION
This chapter contains information on operating AWS Client software and
introduces optional Local Display QMD202.
AWS Client is used for working with the QML logger, for example, for
setting station-specific parameters to the setup file and for downloading
the log files.
Software Installation
To operate AWS Client software, you need a PC with Windows®
operating system.
Install AWS Client as follows:
1.
2.
Insert the AWS Client installation CD-ROM disc into your
computer's CD drive and run the file setup.exe.
The setup wizard will guide you during the installation process.
Follow the instructions of the wizard to complete the setup.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 103
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Connecting AWS Client to AWS330
Installing USB Driver
If you are using a computer that does not have a RS232 serial port, such
as most laptops, a USB to RS232 converter cable is provided for using a
local connection to the AWS330 system. Install the driver for the cable as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Insert Vaisala USB Instrument Driver CD to CD/DVD drive of
your PC.
If the installation program is not started automatically, start it from
the CD root directory, program setup.exe.
Follow the instructions given by the installation program.
When the driver installation is complete, connect the USB cable to
a free slot on your PC. Allow the operating system to detect the
driver for the cable automatically.
To check which port has been assigned for the USB serial port,
launch program Vaisala USB Instrument Finder from the Start
menu.
1012-209
Figure 57
Finding Port Number for USB Serial Port
104 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Connecting to AWS330
To connect your computer to the QML logger serial port, proceed as
follows:
1.
Connect the provided maintenance cable to the COM0 connector
on the bottom flange of the enclosure and to an available COM port
on your PC; see Figure 58 below.
1012-210
Figure 58
2.
3.
Connecting Maintenance Cable
Start AWS Client by clicking the Start button and selecting All
Programs - Vaisala - Vaisala AWS Client.
In AWS Client, click File - Connect - select Default - click OK.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 105
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
General Instructions on Using AWS Client
Starting and Exiting AWS Client
You can start AWS Client in Windows by clicking the Start button and
then selecting Programs - Vaisala - AWS Client. AWS Client is opened
with the terminal main window shown in Figure 59 below.
0802-134
Figure 59
AWS Client Main Window
You can exit AWS client by selecting the Exit option from the File menu
or clicking the red cross on the upper right corner.
106 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Establishing Connection
You can establish a connection with the QML logger by clicking the
Open connection button or from the menu File - Connect. This will
open a new window shown in Figure 60 below.
1101-015
Figure 60
Establishing Connection
This window displays the connection parameters for the default
connection. (You can add more connections. See section Using Address
Book on page 140.) Note that in the default connection, the COM port is
set to 1 as default. You need to check that this matches the assigned port
as described in section Installing USB Driver on page 104 and change it
when necessary.
To change the COM port in the connection parameters, click Address
Book and a new window opens.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 107
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1101-016
Select Default from the white column on the left and click Edit.
1101-017
Now you are able to edit the connection parameters. You should leave all
other parameters except COM port unchanged. Choose the correct
assigned COM port from the drop-down menu and click Save.
108 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
1101-018
You have now changed the COM port for the default connection.
To return to the main menu and to connect to the station, click Close Ok. When you are connected to the station but the service command
mode is closed, the messages and reports appear on the main window as
shown in Figure 61 on page 110.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 109
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1101-019
Figure 61
NOTE
Terminal Showing Report
The report type and appearance shown in Figure 61 above depends on
your setup.
110 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Configurations with AWS Client
AWS330 is pre-configured during manufacturing according to the
ordered features. However, you must configure certain parameters, such
as site information and telemetry settings. It is also possible to add
features later by attaching additional standard AWS330 sensors and
changing the appropriate configuration parameter(s).
Different options are controlled by station settings, also called static
parameters, which are grouped into parameter sets. These parameters
can be adjusted using Vaisala AWS Client software.
1011-013
Figure 62
Configuring Parameters in AWS Client
To configure a parameter:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Start AWS Client from the Start menu by selecting
All Programs - Vaisala - Vaisala AWS Client.
Establish a connection with the QML logger as instructed in section
Establishing Connection on page 107.
In AWS Client, open menu Settings - Parameters - Static.
Open a parameter set by clicking the + sign next to the set name.
Close a parameter set by clicking the - sign next to the set name.
Select the parameter to be modified.
Enter new value to field Value. If the value is appropriate for the
current parameter, the Save button is enabled.
Click Save to store the new value. Alternatively, leave the value
unchanged by clicking Cancel.
Click Close to close the dialog when all changes have been made.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 111
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
CAUTION
Do not change values that are not instructed to be changed in this manual
or by Vaisala personnel. Special care should be taken when updating
parameters remotely, for example, over an IP connection. Incorrect
settings can leave the AWS330 system inaccessible for further remote
configuration and maintenance.
NOTE
Even if some of the settings take effect immediately, it is always
recommended that you reset the system when all planned changes to the
settings have been completed.
112 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Software Configuration Procedure
CAUTION
Configure AWS330 by following this procedure step by step.
NOTE
Navigating in the screens is explained in section General Instructions on
Using AWS Client on page 106. Read it carefully.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Set Common Parameters as described on page 114.
Set Location Parameters as described on page 115 (optional).
Set time as described in section Time and Time Zone on page 116.
Set Sensor Parameters as described on page 118.
Select the message type you want to use with AWS330. For
message type descriptions, see section Observation Messages on
page 27.
Set message transmission interval for the selected message type as
described in section Message Intervals on page 120.
Select observation messaging protocols(s) as described in section
Messaging Protocols on page 121.
Select alarm messaging protocol(s) as described in section
Alarming Protocols on page 123.
Set messaging protocol -dependent parameters. Based on the
protocol(s) chosen in steps 7 and 8, refer to following section(s):
- TCP-Socket (Virtual Com Port) on page 124.
- File Transfer Protocol (FTP) on page 126.
- eMail (SMTP) on page 128.
- GSM SMS on page 131.
- Local Serial Line on page 132.
- For CSD dial-in, there is no protocol-dependent configuration
required.
Set up telemetry configuration:
- For IP over GPRS telemetry, see section GSM Modem on page
133 and GPRS on page 134.
- For data call telemetry, see section GSM Modem on page 133
and CSD Dial-In (Data Call) on page 136.
- For IP over Ethernet telemetry, see section Ethernet on page
137.
Set up alarm limits as described in Alarms on page 138.
To make parameter updates effective, reset the AWS330 system
using AWS Client. From the AWS Client menu, select
Maintenance - Reset - Immediate.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 113
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Common Parameters
The dialog presented in Figure 63 below contains the essential
parameters for an operational station.
1011-014
Figure 63
Common Parameters Dialog
To set the common parameters:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Open menu Settings - Parameters - Common.
Enter Name for the station. Do not use spaces or special characters
in the station name.
Enter station Altitude in meters from mean sea level. This setting
is needed only if the station provides measurement for barometric
pressure.
Enter Pressure Sensor Level in meters from ground. This is the
bottom flange height from ground. This setting is needed only if the
station provides measurement for barometric pressure.
Parameter Battery Capacity is not used by AWS330, and has no
effect.
Press Save to store the settings and close the dialog.
114 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Location Parameters
Geographical location of the observation site is needed if sunshine
duration calculation is used.
1011-015
Figure 64
Setting Location Parameters
Table 21
Location Parameters
Set Name
Parameter
General Settings
General Settings
Latitude
Longitude
Parameter
Name
Latitude
Longitude
Use
Site latitude. -90…90 [deg]
Site longitude. -180…180 [deg]
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 115
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Time and Time Zone
With AWS Client, you can either set the clock and time zone of the QML
logger manually, or you can synchronize the logger clock with the clock
on your PC. To set the QML logger clock, proceed as follows:
1.
On the Maintenance menu, select Synchronize Clock. The Set
Logger Time window, shown in Figure 65 below, is displayed.
0802-143
Figure 65
2.
3.
4.
Setting Logger Time
If you want to set the time manually, select the Set time option and
enter the new time in that field; to synchronize the QML logger
clock with your PC, select Use PC time.
If you want to set the time zone manually, select the Set time zone
option and select your time zone; to synchronize the QML logger
time zone with your PC, select Use PC time zone. The time zone is
defined as a difference from UTC time; for example, for eastern
United States in the winter, the time zone would be -05:00.
Set the QML logger clock by selecting Set Time.
116 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
If AWS330 is connected to the Internet or other network where NTP
service is available, further timekeeping can be automated by configuring
the NTP client into use.
1011-016
Figure 66
Setting NTP Client Parameters
Table 22
NTP Parameters
Set Name
NTP
Parameter
Name
interval
NTP
server1
NTP
timetol
Use
Interval [s] to check and adjust time. Once
per hour (3600) is the recommended
shortest period.
NTP server to read the time from. For public
servers, see http://www.pool.ntp.org/en/.
Time error tolerance [s] for adjusting the real
time clock. In other words, if error is equal to
or greater than this parameter, RTC is
adjusted to match the NTP server time.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 117
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Sensor Parameters
The following sensor requires installation-specific parameters:
1011-017
Figure 67
Adjusting Sensor Parameters
Table 23
Sensor Parameters
Sensor
IRU 9429
Set Name
General Settings
Parameter Name Use
SHSensorHeight Snow height sensor
installation height (cm)
118 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Calculation Parameters
The following calculation requires site/installation-specific parameters:
1011-018
Figure 68
Adjusting Calculation Parameters
Table 24
Calculation Parameters
Calculation
Set Name
Evapotranspiration General
Settings
Parameter
Name
evap_albedo
Use
Soil albedo 0 ...1.0.
Default is 0.25 (green
grass).
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 119
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Messaging Parameters
The following sections describe parameters used to control messaging
through telemetry and local communication devices.
NOTE
Even if all listed parameters are present in AWS330 system, only those
settings that have suitable hardware available are usable with that
particular system.
Message Intervals
Intervals to create different messages for telemetry are defined by the
following parameters:
1011-019
Figure 69
Setting Message Interval
Table 25
Message Interval Parameters
Message
CSV/OC
SMS
Table
NOTE
Set Name
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
Parameter Name
csv_interval
sms_interval
table_interval
Use
Message interval [s]
Message interval [s]
Message interval [s]
Bear in mind the constraints set by the media and the protocol used.
Generally, intervals under 1 minute should be used only for local
connections, that is, serial line or Ethernet/LAN.
120 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Messaging Protocols
Protocols used to transmit observation messages through telemetry and
local serial links are selected as follows:
1011-020
Figure 70
Selecting Messaging Protocol
Table 26
Message Protocol Parameters
Message Set Name
CSV / OC
CSV / OC
CSV / OC
CSV / OC
CSV / OC
SMS
SMS
SMS
SMS
SMS
SMS
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
(1
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
Parameter
Name
csv_to_com0
csv_to_email
csv_to_ftp
csv_to_local
csv_to_socket
sms_to_com0
sms_to_email
sms_to_ftp
sms_to_local
sms_to_sms
sms_to_socket
table_to_com0
table_to_email
table_to_ftp
table_to_local
table_to_socket
Use
Send to COM0 (RS232)
Send using eMail
Send using ftp (1
Send to Data Out (RS485)
Send using TCP-socket
Send to COM0 (RS232)
Send using eMail
Send using ftp (1
Send to Data Out (RS485)
Send using SMS
Send using TCP-socket
Send to COM0 (RS232)
Send using eMail
Send using ftp (1
Send to Data Out (RS485)
Send using TCP-socket
Only one message type can be selected for FTP transmission.
Settings: 0 = Message is not sent, 1 = Message is sent.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 121
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
Socket, FTP, and eMail transmission require an IP-capable media, that is,
Ethernet or GPRS.
NOTE
All messages are not suitable for all protocols. CSV and Table messages
cannot be transmitted using SMS due to the limited size of the SMS
message (160 characters).
122 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Alarming Protocols
Protocols used to transmit alarm messages through telemetry and local
serial links are selected as follows:
1011-021
Figure 71
Selecting Alarming Protocol
Alarm messages are divided into two types: meteorological and
technical. Meteorological alarms are based on observed values, for
example, air temperature. Technical alarms are triggered by changes in
system status, for example, a broken sensor.
Messaging configuration is done per type.
Table 27
Alarm Type
Meteorological
Meteorological
Meteorological
Meteorological
Meteorological
Meteorological
Technical
Technical
Technical
Technical
Technical
Technical
Technical
Alarm Message Parameters
Set Name
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
MessageDispatcher
Parameter Name
alrmet_to_com0
alrmet_to_email
alrmet_to_ftp
alrmet_to_local
alrmet_to_sms
alrmet_to_socket
alrtech_to_com0
alrtech_to_email
alrtech_to_ftp
alrtech_to_local
alrtech_to_sms
alrtech_to_socket
alrtech_list
Use
Send to COM0 (RS232)
Send using eMail
Send using ftp
Send to Data Out (RS485)
Send using SMS
Send using TCP-socket
Send to COM0 (RS232)
Send using eMail
Send using ftp
Send to Data Out (RS485)
Send using SMS
Send using TCP-socket
Create list of technical
alarms
Settings: 0 = Alarm is not sent, 1 = Alarm is sent.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 123
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Protocol Parameters
Parameters required to configure different application-level protocols
used for messaging are described in the following sections. Parameters
for unused protocols must be left unchanged.
TCP-Socket (Virtual Com Port)
TCP-socket connection allows messages to be sent to data acquisition
server hosting one or multiple TCP- server sockets, where QML loggers
can connect to as TCP-client.
1101-020
Figure 72
NOTE
Example TCP-Socket for Message Transmission
Raw TCP-sockets are commonly subject to blocking by firewalls.
Therefore, opening ports in one or more firewalls may be required.
1011-022
Figure 73
Setting TCP-Socket Parameters
124 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Table 28
TCP-Socket Connection Parameters
Set Name
VCOM0
Parameter Name
host1
VCOM0
VCOM0
VCOM0
port1
retry1
netif1
(1
Use
Name or IP address of the Data Acquisition
Server
TCP port in Data Acquisition Sever
Number of retries for connecting
Network interface to use (1
Preset at factory. Do not modify.
To enable sending messages over TCP-socket, use the following
parameters described in Table 26 on page 121 and Table 27 on page 123:
-
csv_to_socket
sms_to_socket
table_to_socket
alrmet_to_socket
alrtech_to_socket
Set the interval of the selected observation message type by (see Table 25
on page 120):
- csv_interval
- sms_interval
- table_interval
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 125
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
FTP enables QML logger to send messages as files to FTP server.
ADSL
switch
Ethernet
ISP
(DSLAM)
PSTN
LAN
Internet
Firewall
FTP Server
1101-021
Figure 74
Example FTP Transmission
Messages appear in FTP server as single file per message, in the
following directory structure, and named as:
<FTP root>
<AWS Home>
<Station Name>
Obs_FTP<YYMMDDhhmmss>.rep
where
<FTP root>
<AWS Home>
<Station Name>
<YYMMDDhhmmss>
=
=
=
=
Root directory defined for FTP server
User home directory defined for AWS login
Station name as set to QML logger
Message creation timestamp UTC
Example filename:
Obs_FTP101123132213.rep
- Message was created at 2010/11/23 13:22:13 UTC
126 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
FTP uses the following station parameters:
1011-023
Figure 75
Setting FTP Parameters
Table 29
FTP Transmission Parameters
Set Name
FTP
FTP
FTP
NOTE
Parameter Name
server
user
pass
Use
Name or IP address for the FTP server
Username to login to the FTP server
Password to login to the FTP server
QML logger uses passive mode FTP, which is less prone to be blocked
by a firewall.
To enable sending messages to FTP server, use the following parameters
described in Table 26 on page 121 and Table 27 on page 123:
-
csv_to_ftp (1
sms_to_ftp (1
table_to_ftp (1
alrmet_to_ftp
alrtech_to_ftp
(1
You are allowed to select only one observation message type for FTP
transmission.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 127
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Set the interval of the selected observation message type by (see Table 25
on page 120):
- csv_interval
- sms_interval
- table_interval
eMail (SMTP)
QML logger can be configured to send messages as eMail.
1101-022
Figure 76
Example eMail Transmission
Messages appear in the recipient's eMail inbox as:
Sender: As set to station parameter sender; see Table 30 on page 129.
Subject: Obs_Email <Station Name> <YYMMDDhhmmss>
where
<Station Name>
= Station name as set to the QML logger
<YYMMDDhhmmss> = Message creation timestamp UTC
128 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
1012-163
Figure 77
Setting EMAIL Parameters
Table 30
eMail Transmission Parameters
Set Name Parameter Name
EMAIL
server
EMAIL
EMAIL
EMAIL
recipient
sender
auth
Use
Name or IP address for the operator SMTP
server
Recipient eMail address
Sender eMail address (1
Authentication type to use (2
none = No authentication
plain = Authentication mode 'plain'
login = Authentication mode 'login'
1)
eMail servers usually check that domain part in sender address is a
known domain name, and reject messages from fake domains.
2)
See below for instructions on how to set credentials.
If other authentication mode than none is selected, credentials have to be
created through the logger's service interface as follows:
1.
2.
Start AWS Client software (Start - All Programs - Vaisala Vaisala AWS Client) and connect to the logger.
Open service connection by selecting from the menu Maintenance
- Terminal Connect.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 129
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
3.
Enter the following commands:
/> paramset hosts:<server>:smtp username <username>
/> paramset hosts:<server>:smtp password <password>
where
<server>
<username>
<password>
= Name of the operator SMTP server
= Username to use for login
= Password to use for login
For example:
/> paramset hosts:mail.inet.fi:smtp username me
/> paramset hosts:mail.inet.fi:smtp password mysecret
4.
Close the service connection by selecting from the menu
Maintenance - Terminal Disconnect.
To enable sending messages via eMail server, use the following
parameters described in on page 121 and Table 27 on page 123:
-
csv_to_email (1
sms_to_email (1
table_to_email (1
alrmet_to_email
alrtech_to_email
(1
You are allowed to select only one observation message type for eMail
transmission.
Set the interval of the selected observation message type by (see Table 25
on page 120):
- csv_interval
- sms_interval
- table_interval
130 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
GSM SMS
AWS330 can send basic meteorological parameters and alarms using
SMS. Message contents are limited in size to fit into a single SMS: 160
characters.
NOTE
Due to size limitation, it is not possible to send CSV or Table messages
using SMS.
1012-164
Figure 78
Setting SMS Parameters
Table 31
SMS Transmission Parameters
Set Name
SMS
NOTE
Parameter Name
Sendto
Use
Recipient phone number
In some cases, it may be necessary to manually set the operator SMS
central number. See Table 33 on page 133.
To enable sending observation messages with SMS, use the following
parameters described in Table 26 on page 121 and Table 27 on page 123:
- sms_to_sms
- alrmet_to_sms
- alrtech_to_sms
Set interval of observation SMS message by (see Table 25 on page 120):
- sms_interval
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 131
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Local Serial Line
Observation and alarm messages can be sent over local RS232 and
RS485 lines. The following line parameters are fixed in AWS for both
COM0 (RS232) and Data Out (RS485):
Table 32
Serial Line Parameters
Parameter
Speed
Data bits
Stop bits
Parity
Value
9600 bps
8
1
None
Use the following parameters to control which messages are sent to local
serial lines (see Table 26 on page 121 and Table 27 on page 123):
-
csv_to_com0
csv_to_local
table_to_com0
table_to_local
sms_to_com0
sms_to_local
alrmet_to_local
alrmet_to_com0
alrtech_to_local
alrtech_to_com0
Set interval of the selected observation message type by (see Table 25 on
page 120):
- csv_interval
- sms_interval
- table_interval
132 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Telemetry Parameters
Settings in the following sections are used to set telemetry parameters
depending on the type of telemetry device used (GSM, Ethernet) and the
selected protocol.
Connection Parameters
GSM Modem
Before starting to set up the GSM modem, you need to obtain a SIM
card.
NOTE
Even if using a PIN code is optional, it is recommended that you use it to
protect the SIM from unauthorized use. Use a mobile phone to set the
PIN.
The following parameters are available for GSM modem:
1012-165
Figure 79
Setting GSM Modem Parameters
Table 33
GSM Modem Parameters
Set Name
GSM_Modem
Parameter Name
pin
GSM_Modem
smscentre
Use
PIN code set to SIM card. Leave empty if
not used.
Number for operator's SMS centre. (1
(1
Parameter is optional. Needed only if using SMS and the network does
not provide this information automatically.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 133
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
GPRS
To access IP services using GPRS, the following information is required:
- Operator-specific access point setting (APN)
- Operator-specific username and password. Only if APN requires user
credentials
- IP settings for the operator's network (optional). Usually, this
information is provided automatically by the network
NOTE
Typically, only APN and optionally user credentials need to be changed.
Using other parameters, such as static IP settings, requires special
subscription, that is, a private access point or equivalent.
1012-166
Figure 80
Setting GPRS Connection Parameters
134 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Table 34
GPRS Connection Parameters
Set Name
netif0
netif0
Parameter Name
apn
auth
netif0
netif0
netif0
username
password
isp
netif0
netif0
netif0
netif0
netif0
netif0
netif0
netif0
staticip
address
subnetmask
gateway
dns1
dns2
vjcompress
autoinit
(1
(2
Use
Operator-specific access point name
Authentication type
none = No authentication
any = PAP or CHAP
pap = PAP
chap = CHAP
Username for authentication
Password for authentication
Number to dial for connection. By default
*99***1# (2
Static IP in use. 0 = No, 1 = Yes (2
AWS IP address (1,2
Network mask (1,2
Default gateway (1,2
Domain name server 1 (2
Domain name server 2 (2
Use IP header compression. (2
Bring interface automatically up when
AWS starts, and attempt to keep always
open. Otherwise interface is open only
when needed.
Used only when staticip = 1.
Do not modify setting unless explicitly instructed to do so by the
network operator.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 135
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
CSD Dial-In (Data Call)
Using AWS in dial-in mode does not require additional parameter
settings.
NOTE
CSD dial-in is enabled with GPRS for service purposes, but it should be
noted that AWS cannot answer incoming calls while GPRS connection is
active.
After connecting the AWS by calling, AWS accepts the following polls:
Table 35
Message Poll Commands
Poll Command
CSV
TABLE
Output Message
CSV
Table
136 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Ethernet
AWS Ethernet board does not require any configuration. IP connection
established over it uses the following parameters:
NOTE
By default, Ethernet is brought up when AWS starts, and it uses a
dynamic IP address obtained from the DHCP server. The dynamic
address can be checked using RS232 service connection to COM0 and
issuing command ipconfig.
1012-167
Figure 81
IP Settings for Ethernet
Table 36
Ethernet Connection Parameters
Set Name
eth1
eth1
eth1
eth1
eth1
eth1
eth1
Parameter Name
Staticip
Address
Subnetmask
Gateway
dns1
dns2
Autoinit
Use
Static IP in use. 0 = No, 1 = Yes (1
AWS IP address (1
Network mask (1
Default gateway (1
Domain name server 1 (1
Domain name server 2 (1
Bring interface automatically up when
AWS starts, and attempt to keep always
open. Otherwise, interface is opened
only when needed.
(1
Using static IP has to be approved by the organization operating the
network.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 137
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Alarms
The following parameters provide limits for preconfigured alarms:
1012-168
Figure 82
Setting Alarm Limits
Table 37
Alarm Limit Parameters
Monitored Value
Air temperature instant
Air temperature instant
Wind speed max 10 min
Precipitation sum 1 hour
Datalogger temperature
Datalogger temperature
Datalogger supply voltage
Unit
°C
°C
m/s
mm
°C
°C
VDC
Alarm
High limit
Low limit
High limit
High limit
High limit
Low limit
Low limit
Set Name
TA_AlarmHigh
TA_AlarmLow
WS_Alarm
PR_Alarm
None
None
DC_Alarm
Limit Type
high_limit
Low_limit
high_limit
high_limit
Fixed +65 °C
Fixed -65 °C
Low_limit
Default Limit
40
0
20
20
65
-65
10.5
To enable transmission of alarm message with the selected media, use
one of the options described in Table 27 on page 123.
138 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
AWS Client Main Window
On top of the main window, you find the AWS Client toolbar. All
commands are accessible using the AWS Client menu, but you can also
use the toolbar as a quick way to select functions.
Table 38
Icon
Toolbar Icons and Functions
Function
Description
Open connection Opens the address book for selecting the
weather station to connect to.
Close current
connection
Closes the connection to the QML logger.
Open command
mode
Opens the service connection for issuing
commands to the QML logger.
Close command
mode
Closes the service connection. The terminal
window begins to show the messages and
reports configured in the QML logger.
Upload setup file Selects the new configuration (setup) file you
want to upload and starts uploading.
Download log
files
Selects the data log files you want to
download and starts downloading.
Copy selected
text from terminal
window
Clear terminal
window
Set common
parameters
Set static
parameters
Copies the selected text from the terminal
window to Windows Clipboard.
Set manual
sensor values
Opens the Manual Sensors window for
viewing and setting manual sensor
measurements.
Displays information on the QML logger with
which the connection has been established.
Show system
information
Clears the commands and responses in the
terminal window.
Opens the Common Parameters window for
editing and viewing the parameter values.
Opens the Static Parameters window for
editing and viewing the parameter values.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 139
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Defining AWS Client Settings
When you start the software for the first time, you need to define the
settings to be used during download. Use the Settings menu options for
this purpose.
Read Only Mode
Multiple instances of AWS Client can be open simultaneously. However,
changes to the AWS Client settings can be permanently saved only from
the instance that was started first; all subsequent instances run in read
only mode, and cannot be used for changing settings.
Using Address Book
The AWS Client Address Book, shown in Figure 83 below, is used for
storing and maintaining information on connections and their parameters.
The connection parameters to be configured depend on the connection
type: serial line, dial-up connection, or TCP/IP socket connection. The
following sections describe the parameters for each connection type.
0802-136
Figure 83
Address Book Window
140 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Serial Line Connections
To add an Address Book entry for a serial line connection, proceed as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
On the Settings menu, select Address Book.
Select New. The fields for selecting new connection parameters are
displayed.
From the Type list, select the type of the connection; that is, select
Serial Port. The fields for selecting a serial port connection, shown
Figure 84 below, are displayed.
0905-008
Figure 84
4.
5.
Creating Serial Line Address Book Entry
In the Name field, enter an alphanumeric string that uniquely
identifies the connection you are creating in the Address Book.
If you have multiple QML loggers on the same network and you
are going to access them over the same serial connection, you will
need a unique identifier for each logger. To uniquely identify the
logger for which you are creating an Address Book entry, enter a
unique alphanumeric string in the Station id field. If you only have
a single logger on the network, you can leave the Station id entry
blank.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 141
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
6.
7.
8.
9.
In the Command wait timeout (ms) field, enter a value in
milliseconds that specifies for how long AWS Client will wait for
the logger to respond when AWS Client sends a requests over the
serial line connection. If the request, for instance, a log file
download, succeeds within the timeout, a success message is
displayed. If the request fails, a failure message is displayed
instead, and you have the option to try again at a later time. Factors
such as the current load on the logger, delays in the connection, and
the response length affect whether or not the timeout will expire
during a request.
From the COM port field, select the serial port to be used on your
computer and the line parameters. The default line parameters for
the QML logger are 9600 bps, No parity bit, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit,
No flow control.
If you are using a modem to connect to the QML logger, enter also
the Telephone number to dial, the modem Initialization and Dial
commands, and the Hangup command. For instance, in the
Initialization command field, you could enter "ATE\rATX1";
that is, multiple AT commands separated by a "\r". Likewise, in the
Dial-up command field, you could enter ATDT123456; that is, an
AT command immediately followed by a phone number.
Save your settings and return to the Address Book window by
selecting Save.
TCP/IP Socket Connections
To add an Address Book entry for a TCP/IP socket connection, proceed
as follows:
1.
2.
3.
On the Settings menu, select Address Book.
Select New. The fields for selecting new connection parameters are
displayed.
From the Type list, select Client Socket or Server Socket as the
connection type. The fields for selecting the TCP/IP connection
parameters, shown in Figure 85 on page 143, are displayed.
142 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
1101-023
Figure 85
4.
5.
6.
Creating TCP/IP Socket Connection Address
Book Entry
In the Name field, enter an alphanumeric string that uniquely
identifies the connection you are creating in the Address Book.
If you have multiple QML loggers on the same network and you
are going to access them over the same TCP/IP connection, you
will need a unique identifier for each logger. To uniquely identify
the logger for which you are creating an Address Book entry, enter
a unique alphanumeric string in the Station id field. However, if
you only have a single logger on the network, you can leave the
Station id entry blank.
In the Command wait timeout (ms) field, enter a value in
milliseconds that specifies for how long AWS Client will wait for
the logger to respond when AWS Client sends a requests over the
TCP/IP connection. If the request, for instance, a log file download,
succeeds within the timeout, a success message is displayed. If the
request fails, a failure message is displayed instead, and you have
the option to try again at a later time. Factors such as the current
load on the logger, delays in the connection, and the response
length affect whether or not the timeout will expire during a
request.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 143
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
7.
In the IP addr./DNS name field, enter the destination IP address or
DNS name.
NOTE
In order to use the DNS name, you must have access to a DNS server to
be able to resolve the DNS name to the IP address of the destination host.
NOTE
For Server socket, the target IP addr./DNS name is not available in the
user interface.
8.
9.
10.
Enter the port to be used in the Port field. Note that for Client
socket, this must match the port set for incoming connections in the
interface configuration in the QML logger. For Server socket,
Host address and port defined for virtual COM port must match the
AWS Client IP address and port.
If support for Telnet escape sequences for binary file transfer is
required, select the Telnet option.
Save your settings and return to the Address Book window by
selecting Save.
Dial-Up Connections
The dial-up connections are based on Windows Dial-Up Networking
entries, so you first need to create the connection in Windows. For
information on creating Windows Dial-Up Networking connections,
please see the Windows online help. To add an Address Book entry for
the dial-up connection, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
On the Settings menu, select Address Book.
Select New. The fields for selecting new connection parameters are
displayed.
From the Type list, first select Client Socket. The field for
selecting Windows Dial-Up Networking entries is available in the
window shown in Figure 86 on page 145.
144 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
1204-079
Figure 86
4.
5.
6.
Creating Dial-Up Connection Address Book
Entry
In the Name field, enter an alphanumeric string that uniquely
identifies the connection you are creating in the Address Book.
If you have multiple QML loggers on the same network and you
are going to access them over the same dial-up connection, you
need a unique identifier for each logger. To uniquely identify the
logger for which you are creating an Address Book entry, enter a
unique alphanumeric string in the Station id field. However, if you
only have a single logger on the network, you can leave the Station
id entry blank.
In the Command wait timeout (ms) field, enter a value in
milliseconds that specifies for how long AWS Client will wait for
the logger to respond when AWS Client sends a requests over the
dial-up connection. If the request, for instance, a log file download,
succeeds within the timeout, a success message is displayed. If the
request fails, a failure message is displayed instead, and you have
the option to try again at a later time. Factors such as the current
load on the logger, delays in the connection, and the response
length affect whether or not the timeout will expire during a
request. In case the system has a large amount of static parameters,
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 145
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
7.
8.
the set static parameters command can require a long command
wait timeout.
From the Dial-up modem entry pull-down menu, select an ISP
Name, that is, the Windows Dial-up Networking entry that you
created as a prerequisite for this address book entry.
Save your settings and return to the Address Book window by
selecting Save.
Options Window
The Options window contains general settings for AWS Client. To open
the window, select Options on the Settings menu. The Options window,
shown in Figure 87 below, contains the items listed in Table 39 on page
147.
0905-011
Figure 87
Options Window
146 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Table 39
Settings in AWS Client Options Window
Setting
Locale
Setup file download directory
Setup file upload directory
PDF reader path
Trace log directory
Trace log on
Sleep commands enabled
Send close before open
Secure setup upload
Terminal line wrap
Command line length
Description
User interface language used in AWS
Client. If AWS Client has not been
localized for the selected language,
the user interface will remain in
English. 1)
Default download directory for QML
logger setup files. You can either
enter the path for your directory or
select Browse and browse for the
directory.
Default upload directory for QML
logger setup files. You can either
enter the path for your directory or
select Browse and browse for the
directory.
Location of the PDF reader on the
workstation on which the AWS Client
is installed. The AWS Client help file is
in PDF format and needs a reader.
AWS Client logs the information sent
by the QML logger during the terminal
session to a file. The trace log
directory specifies the location of the
trace log.
When selected, the Trace log on
option causes a trace log to be
created. For troubleshooting
purposes, you can, for example, log
your commands and the responses
given by the QML logger.
Enables the Sleep command for
setting the QML logger to a powersaving mode as well as the Wakeup
command for powering up the logger
after it is put to sleep.
Always send the Close command
before attempting to open terminal
connection.
Use secure setup upload procedure
when uploading the setup. Using this
option will cause the setup upload to
take more time, but using the option is
recommended especially when
uploading setups over an unreliable
connection.
Folds overlong lines in the terminal
window onto the next line.
Maximum length for a command sent
from the command line to the QML
logger. The default value is
80 characters. This can be set to a
smaller value, which, however, must
match the value specified in the setup
file on the logger. For URL settings,
80 characters might not be long
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 147
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Setting
Reset timeout (seconds)
GSM Modem PIN
Function Key Mappings
1)
Description
enough, and the value has to be set
higher.
Maximum time to wait for the logger to
execute reset.
The PIN code for the GSM modem
SIM card.
The function key mappings can be
used for mapping frequently used
QML logger shell commands to the
function keys on your keyboard.
Example (note that the command
ends in a carriage return):
SYSINFO<CR>
To convert dates correctly, the date format for the selected locale has to
match the common date format set for the operating system.
Number Format
The number format used in AWS Client and QML logger configuration
changes depends on the number format selected in the Windows regional
settings.
CAUTION
Using the incorrect decimal symbol when changing QML logger
parameters, for example, in sensor calibration or setting parameters, may
result in errors. Always use the decimal symbol defined in the Windows
regional settings.
You can change the Windows regional settings and the decimal symbol
using the Windows Control Panel. For instructions, please refer to the
Windows online help.
148 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Changing Sensor Configuration
If standard AWS330 sensors are added to or existing sensors are removed
from the configuration, sensor management parameters should be
changed accordingly.
The following parameters are used to control sensor configuration:
1012-169
Figure 88
Changing Sensor Configuration
Table 40
Sensor Selection Parameters
Set Name
General settings
Parameter Name
HMP155
General settings
General settings
General settings
General settings
General settings
General settings
General settings
General settings
PMT16A
QMT110_1
QMT110_2
RG13
CMP6 (1
IRU_9429
WIND
WA15
Sensor
Air temperature and relative humidity probe
HMP155
Barometric pressure sensor BARO-1
Soil/water temperature sensor QMT110
Soil/water temperature sensor QMT110
Rain gauge RG13
Global radiation sensor CMP6
Snow height sensor IRU-9429
Wind sensor
Wind sensor type
0 = Ultrasonic WMT700 series
1 = Mechanical WAV15/WAA15
(1
Global radiation sensor CMP6 has unique sensitivity factor that needs
to be entered to the AWS330 system as described in section Replacing
CMP6 on page 184.
Settings: 0 = Sensor/option is not selected, 1= Sensor/option is selected.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 149
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
In addition to sensor selection, certain calculations depending on multiple
sensors need to be enabled and disabled separately.
NOTE
If a sensor is removed from the AWS330 configuration according to table
Sensor Selection Parameters on page 149, any depending calculations
must be also removed by changing the corresponding selection
parameter, as described in Table 41 below.
Table 41
Calculation Selection Parameters
Set Name
General settings
Parameter Name
EVAPCALC
General settings
PRESCALC
General settings
General settings
WCHCALC
MDICALC
Calculation(s)
Sensor Dependency
Evapotranspiration HMP155, BARO-1,
WAA15/WMT703, CMP6
QFE, QFF, QNH,
HMP155, BARO-1
pressure
tendency/trend
Wind chill
HMP155, WAA15/WMT703
Wet bulb
HMP155, BARO-1
temperature, vapor
pressure
Settings: 0 = Calculation is disabled, 1 = Calculation is enabled.
Opening Service Connection
Before you can download files or upload the setup file, you need to open
a service connection to the QML logger.
The supported connection types are serial port, TCP/IP socket, and dialup using a modem.
AWS Client supports any number of serial ports available in the
computer. The software reads which serial ports are installed from the
Windows registry1.
This feature also enables the use of USB to RS-232 converter cables that
are usually installed above any other COM ports installed on a computer.
The COM port number of a converter cable depends on the system
configuration. For example, in a desktop computer with only two
physical COM ports (COM1 and COM2), a converter cable is installed as
COM3.
When reassigning the COM ports after installation, for example, when
changing COM5 to COM4 afterward, you need to recreate the address
book entry for the modified COM port manually.
To establish a connection to the QML logger, select Connect from the
File menu. You can also click the Open connection icon. The Address
Book window is displayed as shown in Figure 89 on page 151.
150 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
0802-141
Figure 89
Address Book Window
In the Address Book window, select the address book entry for the QML
logger and click OK.
To open the service connection, select Terminal Connect on the
Maintenance menu or click the Open command mode button on the
toolbar. You can also type the open command with your keyboard and
press enter. Note that the typed characters are not echoed on the screen.
When the connection is opened, the following text appears on your
screen:
Service connection opened
/>
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 151
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Giving Commands
When you have established the connection to the QML logger, you can
use the commands described in Table 42 below to communicate with the
QML logger. Commands are text strings sent from the PC or terminal to
the logger.
To open the connection, select Terminal Connect on the Maintenance
menu or click the Open command mode button on the toolbar. To close
the terminal connection, select Terminal Disconnect on the
Maintenance menu or click the Close command mode button on the
toolbar. Logging is not affected unless it is stopped using the logstop
command. In the closed mode, the serial line will be available for report
sending.
NOTE
Both open and close commands have to be typed in the exactly correct
way before they can be executed. This means that you cannot use the
BACKSPACE key to correct your typing. Simply retype the command
and press ENTER to give the command again.
Most of the commands can be used for both setting a value for a
parameter and viewing the set value of a parameter.
Type help to get a list of available commands. Each command must be
entered using the correct syntax. You do not have to memorize complex
commands since you can view a help text that shows the correct syntax at
any time. Simply type help and the command name.
Table 42
Interpreting Help Texts (Correct Syntax)
Generic
Example
Representation
Use the parameter warnings [clear]
name
Replace
parameter
symbols with
values
time [HH MM SS YY MM
DD]
loggo <group_id>
Note
To see the warnings, type:
warnings
To remove warnings, type:
warnings clear
To see current time, type:
time
To set new time, type for
example: time 15 45 00
To set new time and date,
for example: time 15 45 00
07 06 18
Parameters shown
in [ ] can be
omitted.
Parameters shown
in < > cannot be
omitted.
152 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
NOTE
Commands have to be typed in the same case as indicated in the help
texts, usually in lower case.
The command name and the following parameters are always separated
by a space. Pressing ENTER (return) will execute the command so that
the QML logger reads the typed command.
You can use BACKSPACE to delete the last typed character.
Use CTRL+P (hold down the CTRL key and press P) to repeat the
previously typed command. Use CTRL+P (Previous) and CTRL+N
(Next) to scroll through the list of previously typed commands. When
you find the command you would like to repeat, simply press ENTER.
File commands (dir, del, copy, move, verify) can be aborted with
CTRL+C.
Closing Service Connection
If your connection to the QML logger works via a modem, remember to
close the line after you finish working with the logger. To close the
connection, choose Disconnect from the File menu.
If your connection to the QML logger is direct, you are recommended to
close the service connection by entering the close command or selecting
Terminal Disconnect on the Maintenance menu. The program closes
the service connection automatically after 5 minutes.
Station Parameter Backup and Restore
AWS Client can be used to create a backup of station-specific settings
from the logger, and to restore a backup file to the logger.
To create a station settings backup with AWS Client, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
Establish connection to the data logger.
Open the Settings menu and choose Parameters and Backup
from Logger.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 153
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
3.
In the file dialog, select the destination file where the parameters
are to be stored to. The file has XML format, so using extension
.xml is preferred.
0906-065
Figure 90
4.
5.
Selecting File for Station Settings Backup
Click Select File to start the backup.
A file download progress dialog appears, and the backup is
complete when AWS Client displays the following window:
0906-066
Figure 91
Parameter Backup Completed
To restore station settings backup with AWS Client, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
Establish connection to the QML logger.
Open the Settings menu and choose Parameters and Restore to
logger.
154 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
3.
In the file dialog, select the file containing the backup.
0906-067
Figure 92
4.
5.
Selecting File for Station Settings Restore
Click Select File to start the restoring.
A file upload progress dialog appears, and the restoring is complete
when AWS Client displays the following message:
0906-068
Figure 93
Parameter Restore Complete
Working with Data Log Files
The most convenient way to get the logged data from the station is to use
the AWS Client software. To do this, you need to open the service
connection, download the files from the QML logger to your PC and
convert them to CSV (Comma Separated Value) format. After the
conversion, you can view the files directly in the AWS Client software
or, for example, in Microsoft Excel.
Before you start downloading the files, you need to open a connection to
the QML logger by selecting the Connect option from the File menu or
clicking the Open connection button on the toolbar. For more
information on opening the connection, see section Opening Service
Connection on page 150.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 155
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Downloading Log Files
To download log files from the QML logger, proceed as follows:
1.
In the Maintenance menu, select Log File and then Download
from Logger. The list of log files available for downloading in the
QML logger is displayed (see Figure 94 below). The files are
arranged by log group. Each log group includes specific parameters
as defined in the setup file. If you use an external memory card,
select the External option and, if required, enter the directory to
use on the external memory card.
0802-155
Figure 94
2.
3.
List of Log Files Available for Downloading
Select the files you want to download by clicking them on the list.
To select multiple consecutive files, click the first file in the list,
press and hold down the SHIFT key, and then click the last item.
To select files that are not consecutive, press and hold down the
CTRL key, and then click each item. To select all files on the list,
press CTRL+A. Select the files you want to download by selecting
the file name in the Select files to download list. If you decide not
to download a file after all, you can remove its selection by
clicking on the file name.
Select the folder for storing the downloaded log files by entering
the path in the Log File Storage Directory field. You can also
select Browse and then browse for the folder for storing the
downloaded log files.
156 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
4.
To set your download options, select Settings. The Log File
Download Settings window shown in Figure 95 below is
displayed.
0802-156
Figure 95
NOTE
Log File Download Settings Window
The date and time formats in the converted log files depend on the date
and time formats specified in the AWS Client language options.
5.
The options available in the window and their uses are described in
Table 43 below.
Table 43
Log File Download Options
Option
Convert to CSV
Merge log files of same
group
Description
Converts downloaded log files to CSV format.
Merges log files from different dates belonging to the same log
group. In order to use this option, the Convert to CSV option
must be selected.
Delete local file after
Deletes downloaded binary log files after they have been
conversion
converted to CSV format. In order to use this option, the
Convert to CSV option must be selected.
Separate date and time Converts the date and time string in the log file into separate
columns
columns for the date and time of the log entries. In order to use
this option, the Convert to CSV option must be selected.
Remote File - Delete
Deletes the downloaded log file from the QML logger after it
after conversion
has been downloaded. Selecting this option will conserve
storage space on the QML logger.
Overwrite
If a log file with the same name already exists in the log file
download folder on your PC, overwrites the existing file with
the new file.
Skip
If a log file with the same name already exists in the log file
download folder on your PC, skips the new file with the same
name when downloading.
Stop downloading
Stops downloading the selected log files if a log file with the
same name already exists in the log file download folder on
your PC.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 157
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
Download settings are stored on your PC, so any future downloads will
automatically use the same settings.
6.
7.
Save your download options and return to the log file selection
window by selecting Save.
Start downloading the log files by selecting Download. A
download progress dialog is displayed (see Figure 96 below). If
you want to cancel the download, select Cancel. When the files
have been downloaded, you can close the download progress
window and return to the main menu window by selecting Close.
The downloaded log files are located in the folder defined in the
Log File Storage Directory field.
0802-157
Figure 96
Log File Download Progress View
Converting Downloaded Log Files to CSV Format
You can use the CSV conversion functionality to convert log files
downloaded to AWS Client in binary format to CSV format.
NOTE
The date and time formats in the converted log files depend on the date
and time formats specified in the AWS Client language options.
158 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
To convert downloaded log files, proceed as follows:
1.
In the Maintenance menu, select Log File and then Convert. The
list of log files downloaded to AWS Client is displayed as shown in
Figure 97 below.
0802-157
Figure 97
2.
3.
4.
List of Log Files Available for Conversion
Select the log file conversion source folder by selecting Browse in
the Conversion Source frame and then browsing for the folder
containing the log files to convert.
Select the log file conversion target folder by entering the path in
the Conversion Target field. You can also select Browse and then
browse for the target folder.
Select the files you want to convert by clicking them on the list. To
select multiple consecutive files, click the first file in the list, press
and hold down the SHIFT key, and then click the last file. To select
files that are not consecutive, press and hold down the CTRL key,
and then click each item. To select all files on the list, press
CTRL+A. If you decide not to convert a file after all, you can
remove its selection by clicking on the file name.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 159
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
5.
To set your conversion options, select Settings. The Log File
Conversion Settings window shown in Figure 98 below is
displayed.
0802-163
Figure 98
6.
Log File Conversion Settings
The options available in the window and their use are described in
Table 44 below.
Table 44
Log File Conversion Options
Option
Merge log files of
same group
Delete local file after
conversion
Separate date and
time columns
NOTE
Description
Merges log files from different dates belonging
to the same log group.
Deletes downloaded binary log files after they
have been converted to CSV format.
Converts the date and time string in the log file
into separate columns for the date and time of
the log entries.
CSV conversion settings are stored on your PC, so any future CSV
conversions will automatically use the same settings.
7.
8.
Save your conversion options and return to the log file selection
window by selecting Save.
Convert the selected files to CSV format by selecting Convert. The
converted log files are located in the folder specified in the
Conversion Target field.
When a CSV file is opened to spreadsheet, it looks like the example in
Figure 99 on page 161.
160 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
1101-025
Figure 99
Logged Data in Spreadsheet Program
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 161
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Using External Memory Card
The external memory card (CF card, CompactFlash) is used to store log
files that have been copied or moved from the internal log directory. The
data can be retrieved from the external memory card via terminal
connection or by switching the memory card to an empty one.
NOTE
If the CF card has not been formatted, it must be formatted before use.
It is recommended that you format the card in a Windows PC. The file
system to use is FAT (not FAT32). Also, do not select the quick format
option.
To format the CF card in the QML logger, insert it into the CF slot of the
QML logger. Give the EXTFSERASE command. After the card has been
formatted, you can remove it from the slot.
The external memory card can be removed from the QML logger for data
retrieval without interruptions to operations. The logger copies data from
the internal log directory to the memory card daily at midnight, the
default time is 00:00:30. Data is being written when the LED on the
logger cover to the left of the external memory card is constantly on.
CAUTION
The memory card must not be removed from the QML logger while data
is being written, or data may be lost. By default, data is transmitted to the
memory card each day at 00:00:30.
When a new memory card is inserted into the QML logger, the software
checks that the card is ready for use. The status of the memory card is
indicated by a LED. Table 45 below describes the different blinking
sequences and the card conditions they indicate.
Table 45
LED Blinking Sequences and Card Status Options
Blinking Sequence
Long-long
Constantly on
Short-short-short for 5 seconds
Card Status
Card is OK.
Data is being written.
Card is unformatted or corrupted.
162 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Automatic Erase from External Memory
Card
The log group -specific setting Number of days to preserve log files,
specified in Lizard setup software, also affects the files stored to the
external memory card. The functionality is the same as for internal log
memory:
- Files older than the selected value [days] will be deleted
automatically.
- Files are not erased, that is, the automatic cleanup is disabled.
When files are stored to the external memory card, the internal memory
is used as the working memory for storing the log files of the current day.
These working files are moved to the external card each day just after
midnight when the new files have been created for writing.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 163
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Resetting QML Logger
The Reset command is used for resetting the QML logger. You can
either reset the logger immediately or after a specified delay. To reset the
logger, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
On the Maintenance menu, select Reset.
The Reset menu includes two options for resetting the logger:
a.
To reset the logger immediately, select Immediate. The
logger reset begins.
b.
To reset the logger after a specified delay, select Delayed.
The Delayed Reset prompt is displayed.
0802-165
Figure 100
Delayed Reset Prompt
- In the Reset delay (s) field, enter the delay (in seconds)
after which you want the logger to be reset. The logger
reset will begin after the specified delay has elapsed.
- Select OK. The logger reset will start after the delay
specified in the previous step.
Once the reset is complete and the setup is running without problems, the
AWS Client terminal window displays the text Setup running ok, and
the logger is again ready for use.
164 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 5 __________________________________________ Software Configuration and Operation
Operating Local LCD Display QMD202
The optional Local LCD display QMD202 provides views for instant
measurements and basic system information. QMD202 is located inside
the enclosure. Navigate between the views by pressing the buttons on the
display.
NOTE
QMD202 is an optional device in AWS330 configuration, and is present
as ordered.
In addition to measured values, all observation displays contain
corresponding sensor status in the rightmost column. For sensor status
values, see section Sensor Status List on page 293.
1011-007
Figure 101
Meteorological Display 1
Table 46
Meteorological Display 1 Parameters
Heading
TA
RH
PA
WD
WS
Parameter
Air temperature
Relative humidity
Barometric pressure
Wind direction
Wind speed
Unit
°C
%
hPa
Deg
m/s
Statistic
Average
Average
Average
Average
Average
Period
1 min
1 min
1 min
10 min
10 min
1011-008
Figure 102
Meteorological Display 2
Table 47
Meteorological Display 2 Parameters
Heading Parameter
PR
Precipitation
SR
Solar radiation
Unit
mm
W/m2
Statistic
Sum
Average
Period
10 min
1 min
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 165
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1011-009
Figure 103
Soil State Display
Table 48
Soil State Display Parameters
Heading
SN
TS1
TS2
Parameter
Snow depth
Soil/water temperature 1
Soil/water temperature 2
Unit
cm
°C
°C
Statistic
Average
Average
Average
Period
1 min
10 min
10 min
1011-010
Figure 104
System Status Display
Table 49
System Status Display Parameters
Heading
DC
T
Cfg
SW
HW
Parameter
DC supply voltage
Internal temperature
Configuration version
Firmware version
Hardware version
Unit
V
°C
n/a
n/a
n/a
Statistic
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
Period
1 min
1 min
n/a
n/a
n/a
1011-011
Figure 105
Network Status Display
Table 50
Network Status Display Parameters
Heading
IP
SN
GW
D1
D2
Parameter
IPV4 address
Subnet mask
Default gateway
Domain name server 1
Domain name server 2
166 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
CHAPTER 6
MAINTENANCE
This chapter provides information that is needed in the basic maintenance
of AWS330.
Overall Checking
Check the mechanics and cabling for any damage and corrosion, and
repair if needed. Wipe off or remove excess dirt, dust, sand, or leaves.
-
Check signal and main cables, connectors, and connections.
Check gaskets of the enclosures.
Check all grounding cables and lugs.
Check mechanical assemblies, bolts, and nuts.
Check the equipment for corrosion. Repair if needed.
CAUTION
Do not open the enclosure under poor conditions, for example, during
rain or with dust in the air. In general, it is not advisable to repair sensors
in the field.
NOTE
Use correct tools of good quality.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 167
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Site Maintenance
Keep the measurement site in good order to ensure reliable
measurements:
- Check that the vegetation surrounding the station does not get too
long/close to equipment. Regular clipping is advised.
- Check that snow does not touch or cover the enclosure and
connectors.
- Avoid disturbing the possible snow cover under the Snow Depth
Sensor IRU-2429 to have representative measurement.
Mast DKP210 Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance
Check the mast yearly for any damage to the coating. Inspect the guy
wires for correct tightness yearly as well. When checking the mast,
perform at least the following maintenance tasks:
-
Check the guy wires from fraying.
Check the guy wire clamps and tighten when necessary.
Check the sensor support and tighten when necessary.
Check the hinge bolts and tighten when necessary.
When devices installed on the upper assembly need maintenance, you
need to tilt the mast. See section Tilting Mast below.
Tilting Mast
You need to tilt the mast when, for example, devices installed on the
upper assembly need maintenance. The maintenance of the following
sensors and accessories should be carried out when the mast is tilted:
- Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703, as described in section Ultrasonic
Wind Sensor WMT703 Maintenance on page 176
- Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15, as described in section
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 Maintenance on page 186
- Solar Panel SOLAR33, as described in section Solar Panel SOLAR33
Maintenance on page 179
- GSM/GPRS antenna, as described in section GSM/GPRS Antenna on
page 175
The following sections provide instructions on tilting the mast.
168 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Disconnecting and Securing Guy Wire
1.
2.
Disconnect the detachable guy wire 1 that is on the opposite side of
the mast to the hinge. For the location, see Figure 5 on page 40.
Connect the snap hook of guy wire 1 to the hole in the hinge.
Using Winch
1.
2.
Do not open the Allen bolts in the horizontal hinge axle.
CAUTION
3.
Lower the mast slowly with the winch by turning the handle.
Make sure to have a good control of the handle.
CAUTION
4.
5.
CAUTION
Install the winch to the mast as instructed in section Installing and
Using Winch on page 56.
Open the securing Allen bolts in the hinge.
Install the tilting support to the end of the mast; see Figure 106
below.
Lower the mast slowly with the winch so that finally the mast rests
on the tilting support and that there is no tension in the winch wire.
Before lowering the mast, make sure that there is enough loose cable so
you do not damage or bend the cables.
0303-052
Figure 106
Tilted Mast on Tilting Support
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 169
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Erecting Mast
To erect the mast after maintenance operations, refer to the section
Erecting Mast DKP210 on page 56.
CAUTION
When erecting the mast, make sure that cables do not get damaged by the
hinge.
Sensor Support Maintenance
When you check the mast, check that the sensor support is firmly
attached. Check that the alignment is level with a spirit level.
170 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Enclosure Maintenance
Visual Checking
The enclosure requires only a minimal amount of maintenance. Every six
months, check that all screws of the mounting clamps are firmly
tightened. Check also that the door gasket is undamaged. See also that
the bottom connectors are not corroded and that they open easily. You
can apply appropriate anti-corrosive/lubricant spray if required.
NOTE
After a heavy storm, open the enclosure door and check for any water
leakage or other damage.
Cleaning
-
Check and clean the connectors from, for example, spider web.
Check that the door is firmly closed.
Check inside the enclosure for spider webs or other dirt.
Check and clean the static pressure head; see location of the static
pressure head in Figure 51 on page 95.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 171
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Inside Enclosure Maintenance
Checking Battery
Battery status should be checked every 3 months. This is done either
using a multimeter on the batteries' plus and minus terminals or by
checking the status LED on the QBR101C battery regulator.
1.
2.
3.
Disconnect AC (mains) power supply or external DC.
Press the QBR101C test button to see the battery status:
- If the LED is green, the battery is OK.
- If the LED is yellow, the battery voltage is low (level <11.5 V).
- If the LED is red, the battery is empty (level <10 V).
Charge the battery for a while. Then, repeat the procedure from
step 1.
If the battery status LED is red even after repeating the charging
procedure for a longer period of time, the battery is old and needs to be
replaced. The lead-acid battery may age in 3 to 5 years and needs to be
replaced with a new one.
NOTE
When the status LED turns red, QBR101C disconnects the load at
DCout/Sw terminal, thus shutting down the system. This is to protect the
batteries from deep discharging.
Pressure Sensor BARO-1
Periodic Maintenance
Under normal operating conditions, BARO-1 needs only a minimal
amount of maintenance.
- Keep the pressure port clean. Check the pressure port every time when
visiting the site.
- Annually, compare pressure values against a calibrated portable
standard.
172 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Field Check
NOTE
Calibrating Pressure Sensor BARO-1 is a demanding, high-precision task
that requires proper facilities. It is recommended that you have the sensor
calibrated at Vaisala.
The AWS Client software provides means for one-point field check of
the BARO-1 sensor.
Required equipment:
- Laptop PC with AWS Client software
- Traveling standard barometer (for example, Vaisala PTB330TS)
- Maintenance cable (included in the AWS330 delivery)
Field check procedure:
1.
2.
NOTE
Establish terminal connection to AWS330 by connecting the
maintenance cable to the COM0 port of AWS330 and to an
available I/O port on your PC.
Lift the reference barometer to the same height as the pressure port.
Make sure that the wind does not interfere with the reading of the
reference barometer.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Read the reference barometer reading.
Give this reference reading to AWS330:
- Type: BARO1CAL1003.7 (reference reading 1003.7 hPa)
Check the readings given by AWS330:
- Value = Reference reading
- Measured value = Measured by AWS330
- Offset = Measured value - reference reading
Repeat the calibration if necessary.
Close the terminal connection by giving the close command.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 173
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Changing Pressure Sensor BARO-1
CAUTION
Use an antistatic wrist strap to protect yourself and the equipment from
ESD (electrostatic discharge).
If the BARO-1 pressure sensor needs to be replaced, do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove the QML201C logger cover.
Unscrew the four mounting screws (number 1 in Figure 107 below)
holding BARO-1.
Unplug the pressure hose (2) that connects BARO-1 to the logger
body.
Remove the BARO-1 pressure sensor from the logger.
Install a new pressure sensor in the reverse order.
Pack the old sensor in the padded antistatic package that the
replacement sensor came in.
1010-096
Figure 107
Changing BARO-1 Pressure Sensor
The following numbers refer to Figure 107 above:
1 = Mounting screws
2 = Pressure hose
174 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
GSM/GPRS Antenna Maintenance
The antenna requires minimal amount of maintenance. Field repairs are
accomplished by changing the complete antenna.
AC (Mains) Power Supply Unit Maintenance
The AC (mains) power supply unit requires a minimal amount of
maintenance. Field repairs are accomplished by changing the complete
module.
WARNING
All electrical installations must be carried by licensed experts. The
power supply unit transmits electric voltages up to 230 volts.
WARNING
Do not open the AC (mains) power supply unit.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 175
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 Maintenance
WARNING
Some WMT703 product versions provide heating for transducers and/or
array arms. To avoid injury, do not touch the heated parts of the wind
sensor when the heating is enabled.
CAUTION
When handling WMT703, do not rotate, pull, strike, bend, scrape or
touch the transducers with sharp objects. Any impact on the wind sensor
array damages the device.
1005-004
Periodic Maintenance
WMT703 is a very reliable and rugged sensor. Since no moving or
consumable parts are used, no periodic maintenance is required.
WMT703 has been calibrated at the factory, and you are not required to
perform recalibration.
NOTE
Periodic calibration of WMT703 is not required for technical reasons.
However, some quality management systems may require regular
calibration of the measuring instruments.
To fulfill these requirements, it is recommended that you recalibrate the
wind sensor every 24 months. Contact Vaisala Service Center for more
information (see www.vaisala.com/services/servicecenters.html).
176 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Visual Inspection
It is recommended that you carry out a yearly visual inspection of the
wind sensor to ensure correct operation and clean the wind sensor if it
becomes contaminated. If necessary, you can also test the operation of
WMT700 with an optional verifier, which is a small echo-free chamber.
If any of the transducers have been bent, twisted or rotated, the
measurement results might not be accurate.
To avoid errors caused by damaged array, check the following:
- Array has not been hit or bent. All transducers must be parallel to each
other.
- Transducers have not been scraped or touched with sharp objects. The
silicon rubber coating must be undamaged.
Cleaning
Regular cleaning of WMT703 is not required. If the wind sensor
becomes contaminated, you can clean it with a soft cloth moistened with
some mild detergent. Do not use solvents or a pressure washer to clean
WMT703 since they may damage the transducer coating.
Testing Proper Operation
WMT703 measures how long it takes for an ultrasonic signal to travel
from one transducer to receiver. Therefore, the accuracy of the sensor
depends on the distance between the transducers and the time-of-flight
measurement circuit, which uses a crystal oscillator for its time reference.
If necessary, you can verify the distance between the transducer arms
with the optional verifier. You can order the verifier from Vaisala as an
accessory (order code: WMT70VERIFIER).
It is recommended that you perform the test every 12 months or if you
suspect that the transducers may have been damaged. The test can be
performed either in the field or in a laboratory. Do not perform the test
when the wind speed is more than 10 m/s or when there is a risk of
thunderstorm in the area.
NOTE
Disable heating before performing the verifier test. You can do this either
by disconnecting the heater supply voltage or by setting the heaterOn
parameter to 0.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 177
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
To perform the test:
1.
2.
3.
4.
NOTE
Slip the verifier over the three transducers. Refer to Figure 108
below to see how the verifier fits over the transducers.
Start wind measurement. The command depends on the selected
communication protocol.
WMT703 must read less than 0.5 miles per hour (0.22 m/s) with
the verifier in place.
Remove the verifier.
Some random data samples may be lost during the verifier test. This,
however, does not indicate that WMT703 is faulty.
1005-003
Figure 108
Testing WMT703 with Verifier
178 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429
Periodic Maintenance
Every month, check that the sensor alignment is correct and the sensor is
firmly mounted. Check sensor operation if there is a reason to believe
that the readings are erroneous or you receive a sensor status alarm.
Check the sensor reading by measuring the depth of the snow with a ruler
and comparing it with the reading given by the sensor. Clean the sensor
from any dirt, spider webs, and so on with a lint-free cloth using water
and mild detergent or alcohol.
Solar Panel SOLAR33 Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance
WARNING
Wear rubber gloves to protect yourself against possible electric shock.
CAUTION
Do not use a scrub brush; it can damage the module front surface.
Inspect the module at least twice a year for overall integrity. Make sure
that connections to the battery are tight and free of corrosion.
Dirt accumulation on the module's front surface can reduce the light
energy collected by the module. If the module surface is dirty, gently
clean it with a soft cloth or sponge using water and a mild detergent.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 179
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe
HMP155 Maintenance
Visual Check
Every three months, check that the temperature and humidity probe
mounting is secured and that the cable is in good condition.
Cleaning
Clean the probe with a soft, lint-free cloth moistened with mild detergent.
Changing the Probe Filter
Every six months, change the probe filter:
NOTE
Depending on the conditions of the measurement site, such as air
pollution and dust, the probe filter may need to be changed more
frequently.
NOTE
When handling the probe, do not touch the sensor heads (numbers 3 and
4 in Figure 109 on page 181).
1.
1.
2.
3.
Remove the probe from inside the radiation shield.
Carefully remove the filter from the probe: screw it counterclockwise, the pull it out without touching the sensor heads.
After removing the filter, check the O-ring and change it if
necessary. See Figure 109 on page 181. Do not touch the sensor
heads.
Without delay, install the new filter carefully on the probe without
touching the sensor heads.
New filters can be ordered from Vaisala (order code: 219452SP, includes
sintered Teflon filter and O-ring).
180 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
0802-159
Figure 109
HMP155 Structure
The following numbers refer to Figure 109 above:
1
2
3
4
NOTE
=
=
=
=
Filter
O-ring
HUMICAP® sensor element
Pt100 temperature sensor
The Pt100 temperature sensor (number 4 in Figure 109 above) is soldered
to the probe. Do not try to remove it. Due to the operating principles of
the sensor, no maintenance is required.
For calibration instructions, see HMP155 User's Guide (M210912EN,
Chapter 6, Calibration and Adjustment) on your installation CD and use
the Vaisala USB cable delivered with the system.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 181
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Sending for Calibration
Every 12 months, send HMP155 to Vaisala for calibration and replace it
with a calibrated spare probe:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the old probe from inside the radiation shield.
Check the operation of the new probe by warming the sensor head
with your hand, and monitor the value change.
Place the new probe inside the radiation shield.
Send the old probe to Vaisala for calibration.
Or, if a calibrated spare probe is not available, do the following:
1.
2.
3.
Send the probe to Vaisala for calibration.
When the calibrated sensor arrives from Vaisala, check the
operation of the probe by warming the sensor head with your hand,
and monitor the value change.
Place the probe inside the radiation shield.
Calibration must always be done when there is reason to believe that the
device is not within the accuracy specifications.
Changing HMP155
Contact Vaisala to replace HMP155.
182 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Pyranometer CMP6
Periodic Maintenance
The pyranometer is an all-weather instrument. Once installed, the
pyranometer needs little maintenance. It is recommended that you clean
the glass dome of the sensor as part of a regular routine, using water or
alcohol. Check the fixture and leveling of the sensor as needed.
A periodic check is recommended to ensure that the pyranometer is level
and that the silica gel desiccant in the drying cartridge is still colored
orange. When the silica gel is turned from orange to completely
transparent (normally after several months), it must be replaced by fresh
silica gel.
When changing the desiccant in the drying cartridge (indicated with an
arrow in Figure 110 below):
- Make sure the surfaces of the pyranometer and the drying cartridge
that touch the rubber O-ring are clean. Corrosion, dirt, and water can
damage the sensor.
- The rubber O-ring is coated with a silicon grease to improve the seal.
If the rubber O-ring looks dry, apply grease or Vaseline to it.
- Check that the drying cartridge is tightly threaded into the sensor
body.
1012-214
Figure 110
Pyranometer CMP6, Arrow Points to Drying
Cartridge
O-ring type: 24 × 3.0 NBR (nitrite rubber).
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 183
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Replacing CMP6
When the pyranometer is shipped from Vaisala for AWS330, it is already
calibrated to the station. However, if the sensor is replaced with a new
one, the calibration has to be done on site using AWS Client software.
For details on the mechanical installation, refer to section Installing
Pyranometer CMP6 on page 82. For configuring the pyranometer with
AWS Client, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Open AWS Client: From Start menu, select All Programs Vaisala - AWS Client.
On the Settings menu, select Calibration.
The list of measurements available for calibration is displayed.
Select the Solar Radiation measurement from the list.
Figure 111 below illustrates radiation calibration. Radiation sensors
tend to have individual characteristics; therefore, they always need
to be calibrated prior to operation.
1101-026
Figure 111
Manual Calibration Window
184 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
4.
5.
6.
The Sensitivity parameter has sensor-dependent use. It affects the
gain of the measurement or the sensitivity of the radiation sensor.
To calibrate radiation, enter the sensor-dependent sensitivity factor
[V/Wm-2], which is given in the type sticker or the calibration sheet
of the particular sensor.
Calibrate the sensor by selecting Calibrate.
Reset the logger and take the new settings into use. From the
Maintenance menu, click Reset and Immediate. For further
information on resetting the QML logger, see section Resetting
QML Logger on page 164.
Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110
Visual Checking
Check the connectors yearly. Check that the visible cable on the ground
is in good shape.
The QMT110 sensor does not need any regular maintenance. Field
repairs are accomplished by replacing the complete sensor. When the
QMT110 sensor is extracted, clean the dirt accumulation on the sensor
surface with a soft cloth or sponge using water and mild detergent. Field
repairs are accomplished by replacing the complete sensor.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 185
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15
Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance
Replace the bearings yearly and check that the printed circuit board is not
corroded. Check operation whenever you tilt the mast.
Cleaning
Heavy contamination in the vane, such as bird droplets or ice, will
deteriorate the accuracy of the wind vane. Clean the vane when
necessary.
Testing Proper Operation
The sensor will hold its accuracy in all conditions for 1 year. If the rains
are mostly moderate and the atmospheric conditions on the site are not
particularly corrosive, the sensor accuracy will remain for 2 years.
However, the ball bearings must be checked once a year. To do this,
remove the vane or cup-wheel assembly. To ensure proper operation, the
shaft should spin smoothly without creating any detectable noise.
Replacing Bearings of WAV151
Replacement of the bearings should only be done by a trained technician.
To replace the ball bearings, follow the procedure below and refer to
Figure 112 on page 189 or send the wind set to Vaisala for maintenance.
1.
CAUTION
The vane assembly fixing screw has been treated with sealant. Do not
remove the fixing screw to ensure perfect sealing.
2.
CAUTION
Loosen the vane assembly fixing screw with an Allen key 2 mm.
The correct screw is the lower one shown in Figure 112 on page
189. Remove the assembly.
Loosen the hex nut of the connector with a 27-mm tool.
Be careful not to bend the connector pins.
186 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
3.
4.
5.
6.
CAUTION
Loosen the three pan head screws at the bottom of the sensor body
with a 7-mm tool.
Remove the lower body assembly by pulling it straight outward.
Loosen the spacer screws with a 7-mm tool and disconnect the
heating element outlet.
Remove the printed circuit board.
Do not twist or bend the connector. This may break the pins.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Loosen the fixing screw of the code disc with an Allen key 2 mm
and remove the disc.
Remove the external retaining ring (using narrow-pointed pliers).
Remove the spacer ring.
Remove the internal retaining ring at the bottom of the shaft (using
narrow-pointed pliers).
Remove the lower bearing.
Push out the shaft downward through the upper body.
Remove the top bearing.
To reassemble the sensor, reverse the earlier work order:
1.
NOTE
Be careful when handling the new ball bearings. Do not drop them or
force them onto the shaft.
2.
CAUTION
Take the previous steps in reverse order until assembling the code
disc.
Attach the code disc (number 7 in Figure 112 on page 189) back
onto the shaft. The disc has to be positioned so that it does not
touch the opto-coupler on the printed circuit board (6). Tighten the
fixing screw of the code disc.
Make sure that the code disc does not touch the opto-coupler.
3.
4.
Attach the heating element outlet to the printed circuit board. Put
the printed circuit board in place and fasten it with spacers (5).
Put the lower body assembly (4) carefully into place. Fasten the
three screws (3) at the bottom of the sensor. Make sure that the
bigger O-ring (14) is correctly positioned between the upper and
the lower sensor bodies. Check also that the connector O-ring (14)
is in place. It is recommended that you replace the O-ring with a
new one after each opening.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 187
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
When placing the lower body assembly, make sure that the O-ring is
correctly positioned between the upper and lower bodies. It is
recommended that you replace the O-rings with new ones before
reassembly.
5.
6.
Tighten the hex nut of the connector (2).
Connect the cable plug to the sensor body connector. Fasten the
sensor body on the cross arm with three screws.
Mount the vane assembly onto the sensor body. Tighten the screw.
7.
CAUTION
The heating resistance element cannot be removed without special tools.
To avoid any damage, it is recommended that replacement of the heating
element be carried out by a trained technician.
The following numbers refer to Figure 112 on page 189:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Vane assembly
Hex nut of the connector
Screw M6x16 DIN7991, 3 pcs
Lower body
Spacer, 3 pcs
Printed circuit board (PCB)
Code disc
External retaining ring, body
Spacer
Internal retaining ring, shaft
Ball bearings
Shaft and upper body assembly
Ball bearings
O-rings, 2 pcs
188 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
0204-045
Figure 112
WAV151 Assembly
The wind vane has been counter-balanced at the factory, but it can be
readjusted if necessary. To do this, loosen the vane assembly and place it
on its side on the table. A correctly balanced vane will stay in horizontal
position.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 189
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Replacing Bearings of WAA151
Replacement of the bearings should only be done by a trained technician.
To replace the ball bearings, follow the procedure below and refer to
Figure 113 on page 193.
1.
CAUTION
The cup wheel fixing screw has been treated with sealant. Do not remove
the fixing screw to ensure perfect sealing after reassembling.
2.
CAUTION
Loosen the hex nut of the connector (use a 22-mm tool).
Be careful not to bend the connector pins.
3.
4.
5.
6.
CAUTION
Open the cup wheel fixing screw with an Allen key 2 mm. Remove
the cup wheel assembly.
Loosen the three pan head screws at the bottom of the sensor body
(use a 7-mm tool).
Remove the lower body assembly by pulling it straight outward.
Loosen the spacer screws with a 7-mm tool and disconnect the
heating element outlet.
Remove the printed circuit board.
Do not twist or bend the connector. This may break the pins.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Loosen the fixing screw of the chopper disc with an Allen key
2 mm and remove the chopper disc.
Remove the external retaining ring (using narrow-pointed pliers).
Remove the spacer ring.
Remove the internal retaining ring at the bottom of the shaft (using
narrow-pointed pliers).
Remove the lower bearing.
Push out the shaft downward through the upper body.
Remove the top bearing after pulling out the shaft.
190 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
To reassemble the sensor, reverse the earlier work order.
1.
NOTE
Be careful when handling the new ball bearings. Do not drop them or
force them onto the shaft.
2.
CAUTION
4.
Attach the heating element outlet (5) to the circuit board. Put the
circuit board in place and fasten it with spacers (5).
Put the lower body assembly (4) carefully into place. Fasten the
three screws (3) at the bottom of the sensor. Make sure that the
bigger O-ring (14) is correctly positioned between the upper and
the lower sensor bodies. The O-ring is recommended to be replaced
with a new one after each opening. Check also that the connector's
O-ring (14) is properly in its place.
When placing the lower body assembly, make sure that the O-ring is
correctly positioned between the upper and lower bodies. It is
recommended to replace the O-rings with a new ones before
reassembling.
5.
6.
7.
CAUTION
Attach the chopper disc (number 7 in Figure 113 on page 193) back
onto the shaft. The disc has to be positioned so that the disc teeth
do not touch the opto-coupler (6) on the circuit board. Tighten the
screw.
Assure that the chopper disc teeth do not touch the opto-coupler. There
should be 1 to 2 mm space between the bottom of the opto-coupler and
the disc teeth.
3.
NOTE
Take the previous steps in reverse order until assembling the
chopper disc.
Tighten the hex nut of the connector (2).
Connect the cable plug to the sensor body connector. Fasten the
sensor body on the cross arm with three screws.
Mount the cup assembly onto the sensor body. Tighten the fixing
screw.
The heating resistance element cannot be removed without special tools.
To avoid any damages, it is recommended that replacement of the
heating element be carried out by the manufacturer.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 191
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
The following numbers refer to Figure 113 on page 193:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Cup wheel assembly
Hex nut of the connector
Screw M6x16 DIN7991, 3 pcs
Lower body
Spacer, 3 pcs, and heating element
Printed circuit board (PCB)
Chopper disc
External retaining ring, body
Spacer ring
Internal retaining ring, shaft
Ball bearings
Shaft and upper body assembly
Ball bearings
O-rings, 2 pcs
192 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
0204-043
Figure 113
WAA151 Assembly
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 193
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Rain Gauge RG13(H) Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance
Check Rain Gauge RG13(H) once a week. In the fall, or when leaves are
falling and there is a lot of debris in circulation, it is recommended that
you check the sensor daily or, at minimum, once a week.
NOTE
If the gauge is connected to the QML data logger and the data logger is
operating, avoid tipping the cup assembly to avoid erroneous
measurements.
- Inspect the funnel and filter for any damage or blockage. Remove any
obstacles from the funnel, such as accumulated leaves, debris, dirt and
dust. Clean the filter by removing the end cap from the filter tube.
- Yearly, remove the filter material carefully, clean and replace the filter
and the cap.
- Once or twice a year, clean the spoon from dust and dirt once or twice
a year to ensure precise measuring. Remove and clean any dirt from
the bucket.
- Check that the gauge is still level. It is surprisingly easy for an
apparently immovable gauge to become tilted as a result of small
ground movements or vandalism.
If the rain gauge is disconnected from the logger or does not log data, it
is a good idea to check the balance arm of the bucket for stiffness. The
easiest way to do this in the field is to try to balance the bucket in its
center position; doing this should be very difficult (if not impossible). If
the bucket balances easily, examine the bucket closely for any dirt or
wear on the pivot pin and bucket tubes.
194 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Replacing Components
In some overvoltage conditions, such as the case of a lightning strike,
some protective components might get damaged and need replacement.
To replace other components than the ones described here or in the
previous sections, contact Vaisala.
Changing Backup Batteries
1.
2.
Switch off the external AC (mains) or DC inlet and detach the flat
connectors from the batteries.
Replace the battery. Refer to section Powering Up System on page
97 for details.
All backup batteries must be replaced at the same time. The replacement
batteries must be from the same production batch.
WARNING
Use only batteries of the same type as originally installed on the system.
Changing QML201 Logger
NOTE
This should only be done by a trained technician.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Take a backup of the station parameters as described in section
Station Parameter Backup and Restore on page 153.
Unplug the logger connectors. You might need to cut the cable ties
holding the wires to have more slack in the wiring. Do this from the
bottom side of the installation plate to avoid damaging the wiring.
Unplug the pressure tubing from the nozzle in the lower right
corner of the logger.
Remove the logger from the DIN rail in the installation plate by
lifting from the left side of the logger bottom.
Install a new logger on the installation plate and connect the tubing
and cabling in reverse order. Replace the cut cable ties with new
ones.
Restore the station parameters as described in section Station
Parameter Backup and Restore on page 153.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 195
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Changing Communication Modules
CAUTION
In general, it is not advisable to open the QML data logger cover in the
field.
The communication modules of the QML201C data logger are attached
to the circuit board of the logger. In case a communication module has to
be replaced, remove the logger cover and the old module by pulling from
the edges. Set jumpers as in the previous unit and push the replacement
module on the connector block MOD1 or MOD2. By default, the
modules are installed as described in Table 51 below.
Table 51
Module
DSI486
DSE101
CAUTION
Default Configuration for Communication Modules
Connector Block
MOD1
MOD2
Module Placement
See Figure 114 below.
See Figure 114 below.
When inserting the modules, be careful not to bend the connector pins.
1005-010
Figure 114
Communication Module Placement
196 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
Changing Power Supply Set
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Turn off the AC (mains) power to AWS330, that is, switch off the
external AC (mains) inlet.
Unscrew the right-hand side installation plate and flip it down.
Remove the power supply set connectors.
Remove the cables from the screw terminals and the surge
protector below the power supply units.
Remove the four screws (number 1 in Figure 115 below) in the
power supply set (2).
Remove the power supply fixing plate set (5) with power supplies,
terminals, and surge protector.
Replace the faulty power unit from the fixing plate.
Install a base plate set back in reverse order.
1012-202
Figure 115
Removing Power Supply Set
The following numbers refer to Figure 115 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
=
=
=
=
=
=
Screw M6x12 ISO7380 A4, 4 pcs; use Allen key 4 mm
Power supply set
AC power supply 36 VDC 60 W
AC power supply 15 VDC 60 W
Fixing plate
M3x6 DIN7985 A4, 4 pcs; use crosshead screwdriver
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 197
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Changing Surge Protectors
1.
2.
Turn off the AC (mains) power to AWS330, that is, switch off the
external AC (mains) inlet.
For AC (mains) power surge protector, do the following:
- Unscrew the right-hand side installation plate and flip it down.
- If the indicator on the top of the surge protector plug is red,
remove the plug module (indicated with an arrow in Figure 116
below) and replace the plug with a new one.
1012-203
Figure 116
Removing AC (Mains) Power Surge Protector,
Arrow Points to Surge Protector
198 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
3.
For QSA224DC (data line) and PT5-HF-12DC-ST (Ethernet) surge
protectors, do the following:
- Unscrew the middle side installation plate and flip it down.
- Disconnect the wires from the faulty surge protector and remove
the surge.
- Install a new surge protector in the reverse order.
1012-204
Figure 117
Removing Data Line and Ethernet Surge
Protectors
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 199
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Spare Parts
Table 52
Vaisala Automatic Weather Station AWS330 Spare
Parts
Order Code
19369SP
19954SP
25003SP
26935SP
215050SP
DSE101SP
DSI486SP
DTR503A
QBR101CSP
QMD202SP
QMI102SP
QMI118SP
QML201CSP
QSA224DCSP
BARO-1QMLSP
219452SP
7150WA
6389WA
16644WA
1433WA
1434WA
B1A2A004B1A2
B1B2A004B1A2
D2AB11A0A1A1A0A
N1A2
H1A2
N2A2
H2A2
Common Name
Sensor connector (5P,M12, shielded)
Sensor connector
Power connector
AC (mains) line surge protection plug for 220 VAC
VRLA Battery, 12 V 26 Ah (CB26-12)
Ethernet communications module
Dual RS485 module (2 pcs RS-485 I/O ports)
Radiation shield for HMP155
Battery regulator
Local LCD Display (optional)
SSI I/O interface for AWS330
Digital I/O Module for AWS330
QML data logger
Surge arrestor for RS485 lines (2-wire)
BARO-1 module for QML201C
HMP155 filter
Cup assembly WA15 (Anemometer WAA151)
Vane assembly WA15 (Wind Vane WAV151)
Set of bearings and gasket WA15 (WAV151 and
WAA151)
Sensor board for WA15 (Anemometer WAA151)
Sensor board for WA15 (Wind Vane WAV151)
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 (non-heated)
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 (with heating)
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe
HMP155
Rain Gauge RG13 (0.1 mm resolution)
Rain Gauge RG13H (0.1 mm resolution and with
heating)
Rain Gauge RG13 (0.2 mm resolution)
Rain Gauge RG13H (0.2 mm resolution and with
heating)
200 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
QML Logger QML201C Maintenance
Updating AWS330 Configuration File
AWS330 functionality is based on a configuration file that is pre-loaded
to QML logger at factory. It may later become necessary to update the
configuration file in the logger, for example to fix a problem or to
introduce a new feature.
CAUTION
Update the configuration file only when instructed by Vaisala, with a file
received or downloaded from Vaisala. If the configuration file is updated
otherwise, for example, by using a file modified by the end-user, Vaisala
will no longer provide support for such a system free of charge.
To update the configuration file:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Start AWS Client.
Open menu Settings - Options and make sure that option Secure
Setup Upload is selected. Close the dialog by clicking the Save
button.
On the Maintenance menu, select Setup File - Upload to Logger.
The Select File window is displayed as shown in Figure 118 below.
Select the appropriate setup file and click Select File. Note that the
default folder for uploading configuration files is defined in the
AWS Client Options window.
1101-024
Figure 118
Selecting Upload Configuration File
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 201
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
Make sure to select appropriate file for your system; see Table 53 below.
Table 53
AWS330 Setup Alternatives
File Name
metawsaa.adc
metawsba.adc
mewtawsna.adc
5.
Description
Configuration for system with Ethernet telemetry
Configuration for system with GSM/GPRS telemetry
Configuration for system with RS232/RS485 serial
links only
Uploading the setup file to the QML logger starts; you can follow
the upload progress in the Setup File Upload Progress window
displayed.
1012-211
Figure 119
6.
Setup Upload in Progress
When the file has been transferred, the QML logger starts
executing the new setup according to the settings in the setup file.
Updating Software to Logger
In order to be able to utilize new features when published by Vaisala, you
may need to update the logger software.
CAUTION
Update the logger software only when requested by Vaisala.
Copying New AWS330 Software with Loader
Program
To update the software to the logger, follow the instructions below:
1.
Check that you have the loader program loader.exe and the
AWS330 software bin.mot on your computer in the same folder.
202 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 6 ______________________________________________________________ Maintenance
2.
NOTE
By default, the loader.exe application uses the COM1 port of the
computer. When you can use the COM1 port, proceed with step a.
below; otherwise, proceed as instructed in step b.
If any other COM port of the computer than COM1 is used for loading
the software to AWS330, you need to make a .bat file for software
loading. Refer to step b.
a.
Connect the maintenance cable to the port COM0 of the
AWS330 system and to the COM1 port on your computer.
b.
Connect the maintenance terminal cable to the port COM0 of
the AWS330 system and to any free COM port on your
computer. For example, if the free COM port is COM3,
make the .bat file with Notepad, see Figure 120 below.
In the .bat file, the parameter -s115200 indicates the bit rate
(the default is 38400) and the parameter -pCOM3 indicates
the communication port (the default is COM1).
1101-028
Figure 120
3.
4.
5.
Making .bat File in Notepad
Close any terminal connection to AWS330 so that the serial port is
free for software loading.
Close all other Windows programs.
To load the software, follow the instructions given in either step a.
or b.:
a.
When you are using the COM1 port of your computer, open
Command Prompt and change the directory to the folder
where you have loader.exe and bin.mot. Type loader and
press ENTER. The Command Prompt window shows
Waiting.
b.
When you are using some other communication port, execute
the .bat file created in step 2.b. The Command Prompt
window shows Waiting.
6.
Reset the logger by pressing the reset button.
7.
The Command Prompt window shows Erasing for some time
and then starts to show Loading. If you get a load error, try again
from step 2.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 203
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
8.
After a few minutes, the display shows Loading 100 %.
9.
The program restarts with an existing setup, and AWS330 is now
ready to operate.
If you are having problems when loading software to the logger, for
example, if loading is interrupted and you get the message Load
Error -1, try again, with all other Windows programs closed except
Command Prompt.
Loading may be interrupted due to a corrupted bin.mot file, or due to
power save features, especially when a laptop PC is used.
Copying New AWS330 Software from CF Memory
Card
As an alternative for updating AWS330 software through the serial port
using loader.exe, you can receive a pre-programmed CF (CompactFlash)
card from Vaisala including the latest software to be copied. Each time
AWS330 starts up, the boot software checks if a new software is
available for loading on the CF card.
To copy a new software into AWS330, proceed as follows:
1
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Insert the CF card received from Vaisala into the CF card slot in
the QML logger.
Launch copying the new software by issuing the command
SWLOAD.
The AWS330 software checks that the boot code is valid and the
CF includes Motorola's S-record at the specified address. The
firmware also checks that the CF card is formatted and that there is
a file on it named bin.mot.
When the application has been copied, the QML logger restarts
automatically.
If SWLOAD refuses to copy the new software, the CF card does
not include a valid software.
When the new application has been restarted, take the CF card out
of the QML logger and store it for future use.
204 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
CHAPTER 7
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter describes common problems, their probable causes and
remedies, and provides contact information for technical support.
Troubleshooting QML Logger QML201C
When troubleshooting the QML logger, make sure you have the tools
listed in Table 54 below.
Table 54
Recommended Tools for Troubleshooting
Tools List
Maintenance cable and a laptop PC with the applicable versions of the setup
files and the AWS Client software
Keys for the enclosures
Multimeter
Flat-head screwdrivers, especially small ones
Phillips screwdrivers, especially small ones
Set of open-end wrenches, different sizes
Set of Allen keys
Applicable spare parts, for example, a new QML logger
Safety helmet when tilting the mast
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 205
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Opening Service Connection through
QML Logger
For instructions on operating AWS Client, refer to Chapter 5, Software
Configuration and Operation, on page 103.
The command interface of the modem or a serial sensor can be accessed
through the QML logger, for example, to send the AT commands
manually. To control the modem or sensor directly, first open the service
connection to the logger. Then enter one of the following commands:
Table 55
Opening Connection to Devices
Device
GSM/GPRS modem
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
Command
open MOD1_1
open COM1
To terminate this operation, type close. While the direct connection to the
modem or sensor is open, any automatic operation through the connected
port is blocked.
Recording Terminal Connection Text
In problem situations, you can save the commands and program
responses that you see in the AWS Client terminal connection window.
To capture all the text shown in the terminal window into a file, first
select Settings, then Options, then select the Trace log on option. The
program starts saving all text into a file of format yyMMddHHmmSS.log,
where yy stands for year, MM for month, and dd for day. The file is
stored in the Trace log directory you have defined in the Options
window.
NOTE
AWS Client software keeps recording terminal connection history until
the Trace log on option is cleared. Do not neglect to clear this option
once you have recorded enough messages; otherwise, log files will
accumulate over time and unnecessarily reserve disk space.
When you no longer need the capture files, you can delete them from
your PC. The capture file is in format yyMMddHHmmSS.log, which
name is a time stamp of the file's creation. The file is saved in the Trace
log directory you have defined in the Options window.
206 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
In problem situations, give the following commands: errors, spset,
SYSINFO, and warnings. When Capture all is selected, the results are
saved into a file for future use.
General Troubleshooting Procedure
Follow the procedure below to troubleshoot the QML logger. Refer to the
applicable sections of this chapter for details when requested. The basic
procedure for troubleshooting assumes that the person has weather
station operating experience.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check the cabling and mechanical structure visually for indications
of vandalism, dirt, lightning strike damage, or other visible cause
for the problem. Also check that all the connectors are properly
attached. For visual check of the enclosure and the logger, refer to
section Visual Check on page 210.
The system appears to be completely down.
- Is the green LED on the QML logger blinking? Refer to section
on page Determining QML Logger Operation Mode on page
211. If not, check the following:
- Is there sufficient voltage (8 ... 16 VDC) present in the EXT-DC
input of the logger?
The QML logger has power, but it is not functioning.
- Connect the maintenance cable and start the AWS Client
software.
- Open the logger cover and press the reset button. Refer to
section Resetting QML Logger on page 212. After a few
seconds, the terminal should start to display logger startup
messages.
The QML logger is not sending any data (nothing is seen on the
screen).
- After the system has been without power, for example, when
you start it for the first time, check the time and date. Timed
operations will not work as expected if the correct time is not
set.
- The setup is corrupted. Press and keep down the reset button for
a few seconds. The QML logger will restart and display the text
Using blank configuration. Reload the setup.
The QML logger starts up normally, but sends error messages
during startup, for example, !Erroneous setup file.
- Reload the setup.
- Set the station parameters.
- Restart the system.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 207
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
6.
7.
8.
9.
Disconnect the power and replace the communication modules.
- Replace one module at a time and try to restart the system to
find out the damaged one.
- Restart the system.
The QML logger does not receive commands entered in the AWS
Client software.
- Check the maintenance cable connection and that you have the
correct maintenance cable in use.
- The terminal connection is not open.
- Type open and press ENTER. Note that the command must be
typed exactly correctly before it can be executed and that the
command is not echoed on the screen.
- The port settings on PC and QML logger are not matching
- Use settings 9600bps, 8 data, 1 stop, no parity on PC.
Has someone made any software or hardware changes to the station
prior to malfunction? If so, could those changes have an effect on
the operation?
a.
When you have loaded a new setup:
- Make sure you have the original setup and the new setup
saved as an .adc file.
- Reload the original setup and verify that the system starts
and runs with the original setup.
b.
When you have installed new hardware:
- Disconnect the new hardware.
- Reload the original setup and verify that the system starts
and runs.
- Connect the new hardware.
- Reload the new setup and verify that the system starts and
runs.
Sensor(s) are not working properly.
a.
Are there one or multiple malfunctioning sensors? Multiple
simultaneous sensor malfunctions in the same QML logger
often indicate a damaged logger.
b.
Check the output of the warnings and errors commands for
indication of the probable cause.
- Connect the maintenance cable and start the AWS Client
software. Type commands warnings and errors. For
details, see section Warnings and Errors on page 219.
- Pay also attention to the message related to the excitation
voltages. If the damaged sensor is powered by the logger,
it may cause an overload.
208 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
c.
d.
10.
11.
If the malfunctioning sensor is measured by the logger:
- Open the sensor calibration view in the AWS Client
software; see section Determining Sensor Status on page
213
- Check the sensor status and compare the value against the
sensor status list Appendix D, Sensor Status Values, on
page 293.
If the malfunctioning sensor is a so-called intelligent sensor,
for example, WMT703, use its own diagnostic features.
- Connect the maintenance cable and start the AWS Client
software.
- Service interface for the intelligent sensors can be
accessed through the QML logger as explained in section
Opening Service Connection through QML Logger on
page 206.
Communication is not working properly.
- Whenever possible, use an external device to verify that the
communication infrastructure is working properly. For example,
use a cellular phone to verify that the signal strength in the site
is sufficient or that the system SIM card has access to the
network.
- See also section Troubleshooting TCP/IP-Based Telemetry on
page 215.
Data is not stored to a memory card.
- Check the status of the memory card. It is indicated by a LED.
Table 45 on page 162 describes the different blinking sequences
and the card conditions they indicate.
Is the QML logger still not functioning? Replace the logger and return
the damaged one to Vaisala for repair. For return instructions, refer to
section Product Returns on page 235.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 209
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Visual Check
Open the enclosure and check that all the equipment is present. Check
that the QML logger, power supply, and communication devices are
connected properly. Remove the cover of the logger for visually checking
the CPU board and other components located under the cover. In Figure
121 below, the logger is shown without the cover and the optional
communication modules.
1004-120
Figure 121
QML Logger without Cover
The following numbers refer to Figure 121 above:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Pressure sensor connector
Communication module places MOD1 and MOD2
SPI connector
Status LED (green)
Lithium battery for RTC
Reset button
CF Card connector
210 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Determining QML Logger Operation
Mode
You can watch the status LED to determine the operation mode. The
LED is located on the QML logger board and it is visible through the
logger cover.
Table 56
Determining Operation Mode by LED Flashing
LED Flashing Interval
All the time
Once per 5 seconds
Once per 10 seconds
Quickly 2 times
Quickly 3 times
Not at all
Operation Mode
QML logger has been
reset but setup has not
been examined yet.
Setup is running.
Blank boot or
configuration cannot be
run.
Setup is running but
there are warnings.
Setup is running but
there are errors.
None
Note
Interval determined by
setup
Check power supply.
Connection Problems
If you cannot connect to the QML logger, the service connection is not
opened and you cannot work with the logger. In case of connection
problems, check the possible problems as instructed in Table 57 below.
Table 57
Problem
You receive the following
message:
Some Common Connection Problems and Their
Remedies
Probable Cause
You are trying to connect to the
wrong port.
Cables are not connected.
You receive the following
message:
You do not receive any
messages.
You are trying to connect to a port
that does not exist in your PC.
The port is reserved (some other
program is connected to it).
Cables are not connected.
Remedy
Select the Address book option
from the Settings menu to
check the port numbers.
Check that the modem cable is
connected properly.
Check the port settings.
It is possible that you have
already opened the terminal
program, minimized the window
and forgotten you have already
opened it, and then tried to open
the program again.
Connect the cables as shown in
section Connecting AWS Client
to AWS330 on page 104.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 211
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Resetting QML Logger
To reset the QML logger, enter the reset command (recommended), or
press the reset button indicated by number 1 in Figure 122 below.
1004-121
Figure 122
Reset Button on QML Logger
A short reset (pressing the reset button quickly) performs the same reset
as giving the command and starts the program again. A long reset
(pressing the reset button and keeping it down for a few seconds) restarts
the program with a so-called blank setup. A blank setup does not run a
setup file.
A blank setup may be useful if the setup is somehow defective and does
not allow the opening of a terminal connection. When the blank setup is
run, the QML logger communication parameters are restored to their
defaults: 9600bps, 8 data, No parity, 1 stop bit.
212 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Determining Sensor Status
Sensor status values give indication about the general status of the sensor
interfaces. You have two alternatives to view the status value for a
sensor:
1.
2.
Status for all sensors is displayed in the Table message; see section
Table on page 28. Table message can be polled into view by typing
TABLE into the AWS Client terminal window while connection is
established but QML logger is not in command mode. If QML
logger is in command mode, type CLOSE first.
For conventional sensors, open the Calibration window from the
Settings menu in the AWS Client software; see Figure 123 below.
The sensor list is displayed on the left side of the window. The
Status field shows the status of the selected sensor. To read the
latest sensor status and measurement values, click the Refresh
button. Table 58 on page 214 describes the other fields in the
Calibration window.
1012-208
Figure 123
Settings Menu: Calibration Window
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 213
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
NOTE
When Value is expressed as N/A, it indicates that the calibration factor
has been altered but not saved, the sensor has not been measured or its
measurement channel has failed, or the sensor is disabled. Further
information about the possible reason can be obtained by comparing the
value in the Status column against the values listed in Appendix D,
Sensor Status Values, on page 293.
Table 58
Column
Sensor
Channel
ID
Status
Offset
Columns in Sensor Calibration Tab
Description
Sensor name as defined
in the setup
Measurement channel of
the sensor
Measurement identifier
Sensor status
Offset for the sensors
Input
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
Overwrites the old offset
value with the new one.
Overwrites the sensor
sensitivity value for the
radiation sensor.
Overwrites the old gain
value with the new one.
Sensitivity (1
Sensitivity value for
Pyranometer CMP6.
Factor (2
Measurement gain for
the sensors other than
radiation sensors
The last measured
Overwrites the sensor
sensor reading shown in reading with the entered
physical units
value, that is, changes
the offset of the
measurement.
Value
(1
(2
Displayed only for the radiation sensor.
Displayed for others than radiation sensor.
Technical Support for QML Logger
When contacting Vaisala technical support, please send the following
information with your technical enquiry or description of a fault:
- Serial number of the QML logger.
- The captured text of the SYSINFO command.
- If you have modified the setup file and the setup is possibly defected,
please also send the captured yyMMddHHmmSS.log file and the setup
file (.dtg). Refer to Vaisala HydroMet Data Collection Platform User's
Guide, Volume 2, for instructions on how to export a setup file.
For contact information of Vaisala technical support, see section
Technical Support on page 234.
214 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting TCP/IP-Based Telemetry
Typical possibilities for troubleshooting TCP/IP-based telemetry
operation with the QML logger are as follows:
NOTE
This manual will not attempt to give general guidelines on network
design or troubleshooting issues, such as IP addressing. Troubleshooting
IP networking usually also involves issues not related to the QML logger
or its configuration; this section includes only the troubleshooting
possibilities at the QML logger end.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Use the warnings command to check for any modem-related
warnings.
Use the net warnings command to check for any IP-specific
warnings.
Use the ipconfig command to see the current IP configuration in
the QML logger. The command output gives you information on all
open network interfaces and their configuration, such as IP
addresses, gateways, and DNS servers.
Use the netif command to see whether the network interface you
are trying to use is open. If required, the interface can be opened
with the command netif open <interface name>.
Check that the IP addresses used for the QML logger interfaces are
correct with respect to your overall network configuration.
Use the ping command to test the connection to the destination IP
address or host. If the destination cannot be reached, you can test
whether the connection to the gateway works; if it does, the
problem might be in the connection between the gateway and the
destination host.
For the FTP and NTP services, use the commands ftp test <server>
and ntp test <server> to check the connection to the server. You
can also use the ping command to check whether the server is
reachable. Note that if you are accessing the destination server over
the internet, the destination server needs to have a public IP address
or port forwarding rules defined for NAT.
As applicable in your network, ensure that there are no firewalls
blocking the traffic to/from the QML logger and the destination
server.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 215
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
9.
To monitor different telemetry related services, a shell command
can be used to enable extra output. Command format is
DO <Service Name> DEBUG_ON <Port>
where
<Service Name> =
<Port>
=
Name of the service to monitor; see Table
59 below
Port where the information is sent to; see
Table 60 below
For example, the following shows how this command can be used
to monitor EMAIL operation remotely via TCP service connection:
/> DO EMAIL DEBUG_ON VCOM1
Debugging enabled->VCOM1
The following services can be monitored:
Table 59
List of Service Names
Service name
FTP
VCOM0
EMAIL
SMS
GSM_Modem
NTP
Description
FTP message transport
TCP socket message transport
eMail message transport
SMS message transport
GSM modem control
NTP timekeeping
Depending on the used connection, the following ports are
available:
Table 60
Debug Ports
Connection
Local service connection to COM0
Remote service connection using TCP socket
Remote service connection using CSD dial-in
Port Name
COM0
VCOM1
DSI486_0_1
To stop monitoring a service, use the following command:
DO <Service Name> DEBUG_OFF
For example, to stop monitoring the EMAIL service:
/ > DO EMAIL DEBUG_OFF
Debugging disabled
216 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
10.
11.
To send the AT commands manually, the command interface of the
modem can be directly accessed. To control the modem directly,
open the service connection to the QML logger. With AWS330, the
device is connected to the second DSI486 communication port at
the module place MOD1, type open DSI486_0_1. To terminate this
operation, type close. While the direct connection to the modem or
sensor is open, any automatic operation through the connected port
is blocked.
It is impossible to have default parameters that would work
everywhere with all the different network infrastructures. If the
default parameters do not seem to work, try to find out the correct
parameters by establishing a manual connection between the
weather station and the data collection system. Do this by, for
example, using a PC terminal program. Also note that the default
parameters are seldom optimal, for example, in minimizing the
connection time.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 217
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Troubleshooting GSM/GPRS Modem
Below are listed some useful tips on how to troubleshoot problems with
GSM connection.
1.
2.
3.
Use a cellular phone to verify that the signal strength in the site is
sufficient or that the system SIM card has access to the network.
Open a command connection to the GSM modem by entering the
following commands to AWS Client terminal window in QML
logger command mode:
open MOD1_1
ATE
To test the GSM modems with the AT commands, refer to Table 61
below.
Table 61
Test Commands for GSM/GPRS Modems
Parameter
Network registration
Available operator
Operator selection
Signal quality
Command
AT+CREG?
Value
Registration status: <n>, <stat>,
where <stat>
0 = Not registered
1 = Registered to home network
2 = Searching
3 = Registration denied
5 = Registered, roaming
AT+COPS?
Returns the used operator
AT+COPS=?
Queries all available operators,
can be used to refresh the
connection
AT+COPS=0/1 0 = Automatic
1 = Manual
AT+CSQ
Receive level
31 = Best
0 = Worst
99 = Not known
Under normal conditions, value
should be 10 or above.
218 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Commands for Troubleshooting Purposes
For most of the sensor inputs, there are data validation parameters to
check the following quality parameters for the measurement:
- Maximum value: the maximum climatological value for the sensor
measurement.
- Minimum value: the minimum climatological value for the sensor
measurement.
- Step change: the maximum step change for the sensor value between
two consecutive measurements.
You can set all of these parameters with Lizard Setup Software. For more
information, please refer to Vaisala HydroMet Data Collection Platform
User's Guide, Volumes 2 and 3.
If the sensor value is outside the maximum or minimum values, or it has
altered more than the maximum step change allowed, then data will be
flagged as INVALID. Invalid data is typically displayed as ///// (this is a
parameter that you can set). If a sensor displays invalid data, this is an
indication that the sensor is faulty or out of calibration, or there is a
problem in powering or measuring the sensor.
Warnings and Errors
There may be some problems if you see either of the following prompts:
/ E>
/ W>
/ E> means that there are errors, and / W> means that there are
warnings.
It is normal to have one or two warnings after the serial connection to the
QML logger has been reset; for example, if you have turned your PC off,
you can ignore these warnings.
To see active warnings, type warnings. To clear active warnings, type
warnings clear. Warnings indicate that there are some problems in the
software.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 219
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Example:
/ W> warnings
Warning: Break
occurred 9 times first in uart.cpp[84]
during thread: 00019F60 [AbsTimerT]
object pointer: 106C [component: COM0]
Warning: Frame
occurred 14 times first in uart.cpp[83]
during thread: 00019F60 [AbsTimerT]
object pointer: 106C [component: COM0]
The Break and Frame warnings mean that most likely you have turned
your PC off and on again. This causes no trouble and you can clear the
warnings.
Warning: Device reset
occurred 1 times first in
c:/libs/MAWS/adcl/kernel/idle.cpp[52]
during thread: 00001694 [Idle]
object pointer: 163C [component: Idle]
The above warning means that you have reset the QML logger. This
causes no trouble and you can clear the warning. If you have not reset the
QML logger and the warning still occurs, contact Vaisala technical
support (see section Technical Support on page 234).
Warning: Data missing
occurred 2 times first in
h:/MAWS/software/adcl/report/confrep.cpp[414]
during thread: 00019C0C [AbsTimerT]
object pointer: 33A94 [component: MyRep1]
If you receive the above warning, check that the parameters sname,
pslevel, and altitude are set.
To see active errors, type errors. To clear active errors, type
errors clear. Errors indicate that there is something wrong with the
sensors or configuration. Write down the error information and contact
Vaisala technical support as described in section Technical Support on
page 234.
220 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Command SYSINFO
You can acquire a report that contains system information by using the
SYSINFO terminal command. The command lists parameters that are
useful especially when troubleshooting the system or when contacting
Vaisala technical support.
Example:
/Ext > SYSINFO
Serial #
Hardware
Software
Checksum
Boot sw version
Program flash
System RAM
Free memory
Internal temp.
Active errors
Active warnings
Piggyback - 0
Piggyback - 1
Setup file
Setup for sw
Setup creator
Setup created
Setup info
Setup CRC
Lizard version
System uptime
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
F025195
QML201B-003
8.00a
E5ABA1EC
8.00
4096kB
2048kB
1112kB
31.89'C
NO
YES
DSI486 rev: B serial no: 021426
DSE101 rev: B serial no: 822561
/Cfg/METAWSAA.adc
7.00
Vaisala
2010-12-17T09:40:02+00:00
1.01
1BC3FD87
8.00
6h 48min 20sec since Mon Dec 20 09:42:42 2010
/Ext >
NOTE
If program Flash checksum returns an error, reload the software. If
reloading the software does not work, contact Vaisala.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 221
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
where
Serial #
Hardware
Software
=
=
=
Boot sw version =
Serial number of the logger PCB
Hardware revision of the logger PCB
Software version for the operating software and
its checksum
Version of the QML logger boot software
Program flash
=
Total amount of program memory
System RAM
Free memory
Internal temp.
Active errors
Active warnings
Piggyback - 0
=
=
=
=
=
=
Piggyback - 1
=
Setup file
Setup for sw
=
=
Setup creator
Setup created
Setup CRC
Lizard version
System uptime
=
=
=
=
=
Total amount of memory on the logger
Amount of free memory on the logger
Internal temperature of the logger
Existence of active errors: YES/NO
Existence of active warnings: YES/NO
Type and serial number of the additional
module installed in the module slot 1
Type and serial number of the additional
module installed in the module slot 2
File path of the running setup
Minimum logger firmware version required for
running the current setup
Setup created by
Setup creation time
Setup checksum
Lizard version used to create the setup
Total time that the system has been running,
calculated from the last reset
The versions of installed communication modules can be seen from
SYSINFO output or in the startup message if, for example, you need to
find out the version of a DSI486 module.
Example startup message from the logger:
COM0: QML201C Startup - Cold Boot
Serial #
: F1335009
Hardware
: QML201C-003
Software
: 8.00
Checksum
: 815AED36
Boot sw version : 8.00
Program flash
: 4096kB
System RAM
: 2048kB
Free memory
: 1626kB
Internal temp. : 24.65'C
Active errors
: NO
Active warnings : NO
Piggyback - 0
: DSI486 rev: D serial no: 932365
Piggyback - 1
: DSE101 rev: B serial no: 822561
Program flash checksum (815AED36) verification...Passed
222 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Command netif
The netif command is used to control and check the status of network
interfaces. The command syntax is:
netif [open <ifname> | close <ifname>]
Parameters for the netif command are described in Table 62 below.
Table 62
Parameter
No parameters
open
close
ifname
NOTE
Parameters for Command netif
Use
Lists current status of all configured network
interfaces
Opens the given interface
Closes the given interface
Name of interface to be opened or closed, for
example, netif0
In spite of an issued close command, the interface may still remain open
if a service is using it. Closing will always be delayed by the specified
idle time (set in configuration).
Depending on the connection used, changing the state of a network
interface may take a while. For example, with the GSM modem, the
netif open command will take time for establishing the telephone
connection plus the time for network connection negotiation. This can
easily total over one minute.
Examples of netif command output are presented below:
/> netif
Network interface states:
interface 0 (netif0) : Closed
interface 1 (eth0)
: Opened
Physical network interface states:
DSE101_0
: Opened
owned by 1
PhyNullModemWin_1
: Closed
/>netif open netif0
Trying to open network interface 0
interface 0 state: Opening
/> netif close netif1
Trying to close network interface 1
interface 1 state: Idle
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 223
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Command ipconfig
The command ipconfig shows the IP configuration for all open network
interfaces. The command has no parameters.
An example of ipconfig command output is presented below:
/> ipconfig
pp1: (default network interface)
ÜP POINTOPOINT NOARP MTU:1500
DHCP Enabled. . . : No
IP Address. . . . : 62.78.127.31
Subnet Mask . . . : 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway . : 62.72.127.1
DNS Servers . . . : 217.78.192.22
217.78.192.78
Command ping
Ping is a commonly used command for testing access to an IP address.
The command syntax is:
ping <destination>
The parameter destination is the destination IP address or host name.
Response to the command shows:
- IP address of the destination
- Roundtrip time taken to reach the destination
- TTL, remaining time to live (= maximum number of hops)
NOTE
The ping command requires an open network interface to work. Use the
netif command to open the appropriate interface.
An example of ping command output is presented below:
/ > ping www.vaisala.com
Pinging 62.61.78.68
Reply from 62.61.78.68: time=168ms TTL=241
224 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Command net
The net command has multiple command options for showing various
network statistics. The command syntax is:
net <warnings | statistics [clear]>
Parameters for the net command are described in Table 63 below.
Table 63
Parameter
warnings
statistics
clear
NOTE
Parameters for Command net
Use
Displays warning level events
occurred in communication
Displays statistical information about
protocols and active network
interfaces
Clears network warnings or statistics
All information is shown as the number of packets transmitted, except for
the sent and received data counts per network interface, which are in
bytes. Interface-related data is available only for currently open
interfaces, and it is cleared when the interface is closed.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 225
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Examples of net command output are presented below:
/> net warnings
Warning: NTP server changeover (se.pool.ntp.org)
occurred 1 times first in ntpclient.cpp[827]
during thread: 00063938 [Worker_1]
object pointer: 6AEF0 [component: NTPClient_1]
Warning: Unable to resolve NTP server IP (fi.pool.ntp.org)
occurred 1 times first in ntpclient.cpp[738]
during thread: 00063938 [Worker_1]
object pointer: 6AEF0 [component: NTPClient_1]
/ > net statistics
Total packets per protocol
TCP
Sent: 22
Recd: 22
Drop: 0
UDP
Sent: 0
Recd: 0
Drop: 0
ICMP
Sent: 0
Recd: 0
Drop: 0
IP Sent: 42
Recd: 22
Drop: 0
Sent/recd bytes and dropped packets per interface
pp0
Sent: 339
Recd: 292
Drop: 0
/ > net statistics clear
226 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Command ftp
FTP client functionality can be used from the QML logger command
shell to transfer files and to test the connection to an FTP server. The ftp
command syntax is
ftp <get | put | test> <source> [destination] [-if interface] [-user
username] [-pass password] [-rst restart at] [-opt options]
Parameters for the ftp command are described in Table 64 below.
Table 64
Parameter
get
put
test
source
destination
interface
user
pass
options
Parameters for Command ftp
Use
Gets file from server
Puts file to server
Tests connection to server
Name of the source depending on
command, for example, a file on local
or remote system.
Name of the destination, that is,
depending on command, a file on
local or remote system.
Interface to use; the default value is
netif0.
Username to use
Password to use
f = Force destination directory creation
on remote server, a = Append to file,
d = Write debug output
Examples of ftp command output are presented below:
/Ext > ftp test ftp.vaisala.com -user me -pass mypass
Opening interface...ok
Connecting ftp.vaisala.com...ok
/Ext > ftp put metawsaa.adc ftp.vaisala.com -user me -pass mypass
Opening interface...ok
Sent succesfully 116382 bytes
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 227
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Command ntp
The command ntp can be used to manually set the QML real-time clock
and to test the connection to an NTP server. The command syntax is:
ntp<set | show | test > <server[:port]> [maxroundtrip] [interface]
Parameters for the ntp command are presented in Table 65 below.
Table 65
Parameter
Set
Show
Test
server[:port]
Maxroundtrip
Interface
Parameters for Command ntp
Use
Sets QML real-time clock to server
time
Shows server time
Tests server connection and shows
debug output
NTP server to contact. Port is
optional and the default value is 123.
Maximum allowed roundtrip in
milliseconds, for example, time
between request transmit and data
reception. The default value is 5000
ms.
Interface to use. The default value is
netif0.
Examples of ntp command output are presented below:
/> ntp test ntp.vaisala.com
Opening interface...
NTP: Sending datagram to ntp.vaisala.com
1B 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 C9 FF E0 96 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
NTP: data received, time error [s] -8
Status: 00 -> Clock operating correctly
Ref updated:
Thu May 24 09:45:17 2007
Req txd :
Thu May 24 09:59:50 2007
Req rxd :
Thu May 24 09:59:58 2007
Resp txd:
Thu May 24 09:59:58 2007
Resp rxd:
Thu May 24 09:59:50 2007
roundtrip:
0
/> ntp set fi.pool.ntp.org:123 2000 netif1
Opening interface...
Time set to server UTC: Thu May 24 09:15:46 2007
/> ntp show ntp.vaisala.com
Opening interface...
Received server UTC: Thu May 24 10:15:18 2007
228 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Problem Situations for Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
WMT703
Table 66
Some Problem Situations and Their Remedies
Problem
Connection to WMT703 is lost.
Wind measurement failure. WMT703 is
sending irregular data values.
Probable Cause
Power supply is not
sufficient.
Disturbance from the
installation site is causing
measurement problems.
Snow, ice, a bird, or
some other object is
blocking the
measurement path
between the ultrasonic
transducers.
Reported wind direction is not correct.
WMT703 is misaligned,
which causes an offset
error.
There is a 180-degree offset error in the
reported wind direction.
WMT703 is misaligned,
which causes an offset
error.
WMT703 does not respond to
commands.
Incorrect <CR><LF>
settings in the terminal
program.
The wiring might be
incorrect.
Serial communication is inconsistent or
data is missing.
Pin contacts of the
connector have become
oxidized or the connector
is not firmly attached.
Remedy
Check the power supply for
proper operation.
Check that the installation site
matches the requirements
listed in section Selecting
Location on page 33.
Remove the blockage and
check that the wind
transducers are not damaged.
If the blockage is ice or snow,
it melts after some time if you
are using a heated version of
WMT703. Duration of the
blockage depends on the
severity of the weather event.
If birds are causing the
blockage, consider installing a
bird cage.
Realign WMT703 according to
section Aligning Ultrasonic
Wind Sensor WMT703 on
page 67.
Rotate WMT703 to match the
proper wind direction; see
section Aligning Ultrasonic
Wind Sensor WMT703 on
page 67.
Configure the terminal
program to send both carriage
return (<CR>) and line feed
<LF>.
Check the wiring; refer to
Appendix A, Wiring Diagrams,
on page 263.
Change the WMT703 cable.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 229
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Command Connection to WMT703
In order to troubleshoot or reconfigure WMT703, you may need to open
a command connection to the sensor as follows:
1.
2.
3.
Start AWS Client software.
From the AWS Client menu, select Settings - Options.
Create two new function key mappings as shown in Figure 124
below.
- $0OPEN<CR><LF>
- <CR><LF>
1101-040
Figure 124
4.
5.
6.
7.
Defining Function Key Mappings for WMT703
Connect to QML201 logger as described in section Opening
Service Connection on page 150.
Open command connection on QML201 by typing open<CR> to
the AWS Client terminal window.
Type command open COM1<CR>. This should output a response
Terminal I/O re-routed to COM1.
Press F11 (or other function key where the open command was
programmed to in step 3 above) to send the open command to
WMT703.
230 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
8.
NOTE
If WMT703 responds with prompt >, the connection has been
successfully opened.
When entering commands for WMT703, instead of terminating
command with ENTER, use the function key programmed in step 3
on page 230 to send <CR><LF> to the sensor. Also note that
WMT703 does not echo characters when using RS485 link.
For additional troubleshooting instructions, see WMT700 User's Guide,
manual M211095EN, included on the AWS330 installation CD.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 231
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Troubleshooting Mechanical Wind Sensor Set
WA15
WA15 Wind Vane
Table 67
Problem
Data is not received
from the sensor.
Some Common Problems and Their Remedies
Probable Cause
Sensor is not powered properly.
Improper or loose connections.
After removing the connector's hex
nut, the connector is bent, which
breaks the connection wires.
Sensor is mechanically damaged.
Sensor body is covered Sensor heating does not function.
with ice and snow.
Heating element is not properly
connected.
Heating element does not function.
Output from the
connector pins C to H
does not have the right
code or is not at the
proper level.
Current consumption is
either less than 17 mA
or more than 25 mA
when the shaft is
rotated mechanically.
The printed circuit board is
damaged.
Remedy
Check that the supply voltage is
from 9.5 to 15.5 VDC.
Check wiring and tighten the screw
terminals.
Check the connector.
Send the sensor to Vaisala for
repair.
Check the status indicator of the
surge arrester. If the indicator is red,
change the removable plug in the
surge arrester.
Heating is disabled when the system
is running on backup battery. Check
that the AC (mains) power is
connected (the cable is not loose).
Open the sensor and check that the
heating element outlet is connected
to the connector on the printed
circuit board. Refer to the
instructions given in section
Replacing Bearings of WAV151 on
page 186 for details.
Send the sensor to Vaisala for
repair. See section Product Returns
on page 235 for details.
Replace the printed circuit board.
Refer to the instructions given in
section Replacing Bearings of
WAV151 on page 186. See section
Spare Parts on page 200 for spare
part number.
232 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
WA15 Anemometer
Table 68
Problem
Data is not received
from the sensor.
Some Common Problems and Their Remedies
Probable Cause
Sensor is mechanically damaged.
Improper or loose connections.
After removing the connector's hex
nut, the connector is bent, which
breaks the connection wires.
The sensor is not powered properly.
Sensor body is covered Sensor heating does not function.
with ice and snow.
Heating element is not properly
connected.
Heating element does not function.
Output from connector
pin C tracked with an
oscilloscope is not
square wave.
Frequency is not equal
to 14 times revolution
rate.
Printed circuit board is damaged.
Remedy
Send the sensor to Vaisala for
repair.
Check wiring and tighten the screw
terminals.
Check the connector.
Check that the supply voltage is
from 9.5 to15.5 VDC.
Check the status indicator of the
surge arrester. If the indicator is red,
change the removable plug in the
surge arrester.
Heating is disabled when the system
is running on backup battery. Check
that the AC (mains) power is
connected (the cable is not loose).
Open the sensor and check that the
heating element outlet is connected
to the connector on the printed
circuit board. Refer to the
instructions given in section
Replacing Bearings of WAA151 on
page 190 for details.
Send the sensor to Vaisala for
repair. See section Product Returns
on page 235 for details.
Replace the printed circuit board.
Refer to the instructions given in
section Replacing Bearings of
WAA151 on page 190. See section
Spare Parts on page 200 for spare
part number.
WA15 Crossarm
Table 69
Problem
Data is not received by
the data collection
system.
Shaft heating of the 151
series sensors is not
working.
Some Common Problems and Their Remedies
Probable Cause
Improper or loose connections.
Remedy
Check wiring and tighten the screw
terminals.
Improper or loose connections.
Check wiring and tighten the screw
terminals.
Check the connections.
Heating is not connected.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 233
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Troubleshooting Power Supply Units
Table 70
Troubleshooting Power Supplies
Problem
Probably Cause
Power supply LED is not Blown fuse or main
ON.
switch off
Table 71
Remedy
Check that AC (mains)
power is connected and
main switch is on.
Replace the fuse.
QBR101 Battery Regulator LEDs
LED
Battery status LED
Charge LED
Color
Green
Blank
Green
Orange
Red
Explanation
Charging
Not charging
OK
Low
DC out OFF
Technical Support
For technical questions, contact the Vaisala technical support by e-mail at
helpdesk@vaisala.com. Provide at least the following supporting
information:
-
Name and model of the product in question
Serial number of the product
Name and location of the installation site
Name and contact information of a technically competent person who
can provide further information on the problem
Before returning a product, please request an RMA from Vaisala
technical support; see section Requesting RMA on page 236.
Vaisala Service Centers
Vaisala Service Centers perform calibrations and adjustments as well as
repair and spare part services. For contact information in your region,
visit www.vaisala.com/services/servicecenters.html.
Vaisala Service Centers also offer accredited calibrations, maintenance
contracts, and a calibration reminder program. Do not hesitate to contact
them to get further information.
234 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 7 ___________________________________________________________ Troubleshooting
Product Returns
If the product must be returned for service, see
www.vaisala.com/services/return.html.
For contact information of Vaisala Service Centers, see
www.vaisala.com/services/servicecenters.html.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 235
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Requesting RMA
If the product needs repair, please follow the instructions below to speed
up the process and to avoid extra costs to you.
1.
2.
3.
NOTE
Read the warranty information.
Contact Vaisala technical support via e-mail or fax and request for
RMA (Return Material Authorization) and shipping instructions.
Proceed as instructed by Vaisala technical support; refer to section
Technical Support on page 234.
RMA must always be requested from Vaisala technical support before
returning any faulty material.
236 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
CHAPTER 8
TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides the technical data of AWS330.
Wiring
QML Logger QML201C
The QML logger includes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ten measurement channels and one internal channel for pressure
measurement.
One connector block for power supplies.
One connector block for communication channels.
Two blocks for optional communication modules.
Single-ended (H-C or L-C) or differential (H-L) measurements can be
performed in the 10 measurement channels.
NOTE
Each sensor in a basic setup has its own dedicated channel. Table 72 on
page 238 is to be used for reference purposes only.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 237
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 72
Analog Measurement Channels
Channels
Pin Name Description
CH0, CH1, CH2, CH3 E
12 V/25 mA voltage excitation ON/OFF,
24-bit ADC
voltage can be measured.
OR: 100 μA/1mA current excitation.
H
Analog input (High)
L
Analog input (Low)
C
The pin has been connected to ground
(GND) via a 10 Ω resistor so that the
current can be measured.
CH4, CH5, CH6, CH7 E
100 μA/1 mA current excitation
24-bit ADC
H
Analog input (High)
L
Analog input (Low)
C
Common return and reference level for
voltage measurements via the channel's
own E-, H-, and L-pins. The pin has been
connected directly to ground.
CHA, CHB Suitable
F
Frequency input.
for fast-changing
E
0 ... 12 V/20 mA adjustable excitation
input signals 12-bit
voltage, can be measured.
ADC
H
Fast analog input (High)
L
Fast analog input (Low)
C
Common return (Analog ground)
Table 73
Pin Name
GND
SDI-12
GND
+ExtDC
Power Channels
Description
Common ground
SDI-12 sensor signal pin
Common ground
Power input (8 ... 30 VDC)
238 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
1003-029
Figure 125
Connector Blocks
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 239
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Communication Modules
The communication modules are housed inside the QML logger.
Dual RS-485 Module DSI486
0906-070
Figure 126
Dual-Isolated RS-485 Communication Module DSI486
Data channel A is always used in the RS-485 mode. In 2-wire RS-485,
both transmitted and received data is sent via this channel. In 4-wire RS485, channel A can either transmit or receive, depending on the
configuration.
Jumper X4 defines the line terminating resistor for channel A. Remove
jumper X4 if you do not need the terminating resistor of the dual RS-485
module. Figure 127 below provides a schematic wiring diagram for dual
RS-485.
1006-101
Figure 127
Dual RS-485 Module Wiring Diagram
Data channel B can be used either in the RS-485 mode or in the RS-232
mode. In 2-wire RS-485, both transmitted and received data is sent via
this channel. In 4-wire RS-485, channel B can either transmit or receive,
depending on the configuration.
240 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Figure 127 on page 240 provides a schematic wiring diagram for the dual
RS-485 connection, a dual 2-wire connection utilizing both channels. The
correct jumper settings for the channel B are listed in Table 74 on page
242. The jumpers are located on the module as illustrated in Figure 128
below.
0903-024
Figure 128
RS-232 Jumper Settings
Figure 129 below provides a schematic wiring diagram for the
combination of the RS-485 and RS-232 connection. Jumpers X3 and X6
are used to select between the RS-485 and RS-232 modes for channel B.
The correct jumper settings for channel B are listed in Table 74 on page
242.
1006-102
Figure 129
Dual RS-485 Wiring Diagram for RS-485 and RS-232
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 241
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 74
Jumper Settings for DSI486-B
Jumper
X4
Connected
Pins
1-2
2-3
1-2
2-3
1-2
X5
1-2
X3
X6
Function
Channel B RS-232 mode
Channel B RS-485 mode (default)
Channel B RS-485 mode (default)
Channel B RS-232 mode
Channel A RS-485 line terminating resistor
active
Channel B RS-485 line terming resistor active.
Do not use in RS-232 mode
The dual RS-485 module also provides an SDI-12 connection. The SDI12 line uses one wire for data and is limited to the maximum length of
60 meters. Figure 130 below provides a schematic wiring diagram for the
SDI-12 connection and the 12 VDC power supply for a sensor. The
jumper settings should be as shown in Figure 128 on page 241.
1006-103
Figure 130
Dual RS-485 Wiring Diagram for SDI-12 and 12 VDC
Power Supply
Simultaneously with the SDI-12, you can connect channels A and B in
the 2-wire RS-485 mode.
242 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Digital I/O Module QMI118
1004-041
Figure 131
Digital I/O Module QMI118
The QML logger provides the possibility to extend the I/O capacity with
the optional digital I/O module QMI118 equipped with eight inputs and
eight outputs. The digital I/O module interfaces to the logger via the SPI
connector. The module is located inside the enclosure beside the logger,
and it conforms to the same environmental immunity and emission
standards as the logger.
The module has four open collector outputs and four outputs with high
side switching capability. This means the module can switch, for
example, +VB directly to the peripheral that needs it without additional
relays. The high side outputs have the same rating as the open collector
outputs, 30 VDC / 1 A, and 40 ms (typical) contact debouncing circuitry.
They have a common positive terminal labeled +VB. The voltage does
not have to be system battery voltage but can vary from 3.3 V to 30 V.
Note that the GND pin associated with the output block of O4 ... O7
should always be wired to the system GND if any of the outputs are used
to switch currents that exceed 10 mA.
Table 75
QMI118 Technical Data
Property
Max. voltage all outputs, +VB
Max. current all outputs
Max. voltage all inputs
Input default state
Input debounce duration
Input threshold
Input hysteresis
Description/Value
30 VDC
1A
±25 V
ON (max. 100 k weak pull up to 3.3 V
built in)
40 ms typ., 60 ms max.
2V
300 mV
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 243
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
1003-030
Figure 132
Digital I/O Module Wiring Diagram (Digital Outputs)
244 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Ethernet Communication Module DSE101
1004-122
Figure 133
Ethernet Communication Module DSE101
The Ethernet module DSE101 provides a 10base-T connection, which is
compatible with 100 Mbps and 1 G switches; DSE101, however,
operates at 10 Mbps. Supported by software, the module allows virtual
serial port connections and socket connections to be established to the
QML logger.
1003-031
Figure 134
DSE101 Ethernet Module Wiring Diagram
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 245
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Specifications
QML Logger
Table 76
QML201C Logger Specifications
Property
Processor
A/D conversion
Memory
Data logging memory
Sensor inputs
Serial communication
Standard
Optional
Speed
Parameters
Ethernet communication
Standard
Speed
Parameters
TCP/IP communication
Supported protocols
Voltage (external powering)
Power consumption
Temperature (operating)
Temperature (storage)
Humidity
Real-time clock (standard)
backup time
Description/Value
33 MHz, 32-bit Motorola
24-bit
4 MB RAM and 4 MB program
3.3 MB internal Flash memory
Up to 2 GB on optional CF card
10 analog inputs (20 single-ended inputs)
2 counter/frequency inputs
Internal channel for BARO-1 pressure
transducer
One RS-232 and one RS-485 (two-wire); one
SDI-12
Two optional plug-in slots for communication
modules to increase the number of the serial
I/O channels up to 9 pcs (Note: Number
depends on communication modules)
Fast serial expansion bus for connecting, for
example, digital I/O module
300 ... 38400 bps
Configurable speed, start bits, data bits, stop
bits, parity, XON/XOFF, and checksum
IEE 802.3
Two plug-in slots for Ethernet modules
DSE101
10 Mbs (10 BASE-T)
Can also be connected to 100/1000 Mbps
(100/1000 BASE-T) networks with 10 Mbps
Full/half duplex with auto-negotiation
ARP, UDP/IP, TCP/IP, FTP, SMTP, PPP (with
PAP or CHAP authentication), HTTP (get),
Telnet, ICMP Echo, DHCP, NTP, DNS, serial
port tunneling over TCP/IP
8 ... 30 VDC
<10 mA (typically with basic 5 sensors)
-50 ... +60 °C (-58 ... 140 °F); extended
-60 ... +70 °C (-76 ... 158 °F)
-60 ... +70 °C (-76 ... 158 °F); extended
-60 ... +70 °C (-76 ... 158 °F)
0 ... 100 %RH
5 years with CR1220 Lithium cell
246 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Table 77
QML201C Logger Regulatory Compliances
Property
Emissions
ESD immunity
RF field immunity
EFT immunity
Surge (lightning pulse)
Conducted RF immunity
Description/Value
CISPR 22 class B (EN55022)
IEC 61000-4-2
IEC 61000-4-3
IEC 61000-4-4
IEC 61000-4-5
IEC 61000-4-6
Barometric Pressure
Table 78
Pressure Sensor BARO-1 Specifications
Property
Sensor type
Measuring range
Resolution
Operating temperature
Description/Value
Vaisala BAROCAP® (silicon capacitive)
500 ... 1100 hPa
0.1 hPa
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
AC (Mains) Power Supply
Table 79
AC (Mains) Power Supply Specifications
Property
Output power
Operating principle
Input voltage range
Frequency range
Input current on full load:
115 VAC
230 VAC
Output voltage
Output current
Efficiency
Installation
Operating temperature
range
Description/Value
60 W
SMPS
90 … 264 VAC
45 ... 65 Hz
1.2 A
0.7 A
+15 VDC, adjustable 13 ... 18 VDC
4.0 A
80% min.
Removable installation plate
-40 ... +55 °C (-40 ... +131 °F)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 247
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Power Supply Accessories
Battery
Table 80
26 Ah Backup Battery Specifications
Property
Type
Nominal voltage
Nominal capacity
Self discharge
Expected lifetime
Dimensions w × d × h
Weight
Description/Value
Sealed, lead-acid
12 V
26 Ah
3% per month
4 … 5 years
166 × 176 × 128 mm
(6.5 × 6.9 × 4.9 in.)
8.1 kg
Local Line Surge Protector QSA224DC
Table 81
Local Data Output/Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
Surge Protector QSA224DC Specifications
Property
Interface
Data speed
Protection level with 8/20 μs voltage
pulse
Between signal lines
(differential mode)
Between signal lines and PE
(common mode)
Surge current handling capability
(1 x 8 / 20 μs pulse)
Description/Value
RS-485, RS-232
Up to 115 kBps
<32.5 V
<32.5 V
120 A
AC Power Surge Protector PT 2PE/S-230AC-ST
Table 82
AC Power Surge Protector Specifications
Property
Nominal voltage
Maximum AC current
Protection level with 1.2 / 50 μs and
6 kV voltage pulse
Between N-PE and L-PE
Between N and L
Surge current handling capability
(1 x 8 / 20 μs pulse)
Approvals
Description/Value
230 VAC
26 A
1.5 kV
<1.1 kV
10 kA
CSA or UL
248 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Battery Regulator QBR101C
Table 83
Battery Regulator QBR101C Specifications
Property
Maximum input voltage (DCin,
SOL1, SOL2)
Maximum input current (DCin)
Solar panel input (SOL1, SOL2)
Recommended input voltage to
DCin
Max. load current (backup output)
Recommended battery capacity
range
Battery charge current limit
Max. battery discharge current
Battery charge voltage selection
(with external resistor)
Temperature compensation for
charge voltage
Load disconnection threshold
voltage (at DCout/Switch)
Load reconnection threshold
voltage (at DCout/Switch)
Btry Low signal threshold voltage
Self-consumption from battery
(with LEDs disconnected)
Ground connection
Reverse voltage protection
Dimensions (w × d × h)
Weight
Housing
Wire terminals
Battery and load wires
Solar panel, DC input, and
controls
Operating temperature range
MTBF (parts stress method,
MIL-HDBK-271F ground benign Ta
+25 °C)
Description/Value
30 VDC
6A
12 V panels only
16 VDC
3.5 A
4 … 72 Ah
0.5/1.0/1.5/2.0/2.5 A (jumper selectable)
AWS330 selection: 2.5 A
3.5 A
13.7 V for standby use (AC backup)
14.4 V for cycling use (solar panels)
-20 mV/°C typ.
10.0 V typ.
12.0 V typ.
11.5 V typ.
0.3 mA max. @ +25 °C
GND connected to frame
Btry, solar panel
90 × 80 × 25 mm
0.1 kg
Anodized aluminum, gray
Screw terminals, removable
2.5 mm2
1.5 mm2
-50 ... +60 °C
>150 000 hours
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 249
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Four-Wire Line Surge Protector PT5-HF-5DC-ST
Table 84
Ethernet Line Surge Protector PT5-HF-5DC-ST
Specifications
Property
Total surge current (8/20) μ
Ambient temperature (operation)
Mounting
Nominal discharge surge current In
(8/20) μs (Core-Earth)
Nominal current
Direction of action
Nominal voltage
Dimensions (w × d × h)
Pitch unit
Description/Value
20 kA
-40 ... +85 °C
On base element
10 kA
450 mA (45°C)
Line-Line & Line-Signal Ground/Shield
& optional Signal Ground/Shield-Earth
Ground
UN 5 V DC
17.7 × 52 ×45 mm
1 Div.
Power Supply Filter DRF06
Table 85
Power Supply Filter DRF06 Specifications
Property
Filter type
Current rating
Voltage rating VAC
Capacitance
Inductance
Dimensions (w × d × h)
Operating temperature
Regulatory compliances
Supply frequency
Termination type
Mounting
Description/Value
Single phase
6A
250 V
1 μF
1.4 mH
80 × 22.5 × 74 mm
-25 ... 85 °C
IEC950, UL, CSA, VDe
Max. 440 Hz
Screw
DIN rail
250 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Solar Panel
Table 86
Solar Panel SOLAR33 Specifications
Property
Nominal voltage
Peak power (Pp) at 1 kW/m2
at +25 °C
Voltage at peak power (Vpp),
typical
Current at peak power (Ipp),
typical
Short-circuit current (Isc), typical
Temperature coefficient of
current
Operating temperature
Dimensions l × w × d
Weight
Output cable
Description/Value
12 VDC
33 W
17.2 V
1.92 A
2.06 A
0.58 mA/°C
-40 ... +85 °C (-40 ... +185 °F)
773 × 341 × 34 mm (30.4 × 13.4 × 1.3 in.)
3.8 kg (8.4 lb.)
2 × 1.55 mm2
Mast
Table 87
Mast DKP210 Specifications
Property
Height
Diameter
Lowest section
Highest section
Maximum wind speed
With one set of guy wires
With two sets of guy wires
Weight (DKP210W with winch)
Pedestal tube and hinge
Remaining parts of mast and
lifting rod
Guy wires
Material
Breaking strength
Marking
Threaded anchor bolts
Other parts, bolts
Coating/Painting
Pedestal tube
Aluminum parts
Steel parts
Stainless steel parts
Temperature
Description/Value
10 m (32.8 ft.)
100 mm (3.94 in.)
60 mm (2.36 in.)
50 m/s (100 knots)
75 m/s (145 knots)
125 kg (275 lb.)
Stainless steel
Aluminum alloy
Stainless steel
28 kN (6 295 lbf)
Black and yellow colored cable shrouds to
the height of 2 m (6 ft.) from the ground
Galvanized steel, thread M20, length
300 mm (11.8 in), with M20 wedge bolts
(cast or drilled into concrete using the
provided orientation plate)
Stainless steel
Corrosion-resistant powder coating
Anodized and painted
Galvanized
Uncoated
-40 … +60 °C (-40 ... 140 °F)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 251
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Enclosure
Table 88
Large Stainless Steel Enclosure Specifications
Property
Material
Protection rating
Maximum dimensions including
radiation shield (h × w × d)
Weight without radiation shield
Wall mounting
Temperature range
Description/Value
Stainless steel
IP 66, equivalent with NEMA 4X
615 × 520 × 263 mm
(24.2 × 20.5 × 10.4 in.)
13.7 kg (30.2 lb.)
By four M8 × 15 mm screws from rear side
-50 … + 100 °C (-58 ... +212 °F)
Displays
Local LCD Display QMD202 (Optional)
Table 89
Local LCD Display QMD202 Electrical Specifications
Property
Interface
Input voltage Vin
Power consumption
Backlight OFF
Backlight ON
Connector
Table 90
Description/Value
127 × 95 × 29 mm
230 g
NS35 DIN rail foot
Aluminum
20 × 6 characters
Local LCD Display QMD202 Environmental
Specifications
Property
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Regulatory compliances
Vibration
20 mW
85 mW
Connected to and powered by QML data
logger via 10-wire flat cable
Local LCD Display QMD202 Mechanical
Specifications
Property
Dimensions
Weight
Mounting
Enclosure material
LCD Display size (width ×
height)
Table 91
Description/Value
SPI
3.3 and 5.0 VDC powered from QML data
logger
Description/Value
-25 ... +60 °C
-60 ... +60 °C
IEC(EN)-61326-1, for use in industrial
locations
IEC 60068-2-6, level 2 g
252 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Communication Modules
RS-485 Module
Table 92
Dual-Isolated RS-485 Communication Module DSI486
Specifications
Property
Channels
Channel A
Channel B
SDI
Isolation
Operating modes
Power consumption
Idle
Operating
Connection distance (max.)
Temperature (operating)
Temperature (storage)
Humidity
Description/Value
RS-485
RS-232 or RS-485
SDI-12
Galvanic
Two 2-wire RS-485 and SDI-12
2-wire RS-485, RS-232, and SDI-12
2.8 ... 4.3 mA
10.6 ... 12.4 mA
1500 m (4900 ft.)
-40 ... +60 °C (-40 ... +140 °F)
-50 ... +70 °C (-58 ... +158 °F)
0 ... 100 %RH
Ethernet Communication Module DSE101
Table 93
Ethernet Communication Module DSE101
Specifications
Property
Operating mode
Power consumption
(transmitting)
Temperature
Humidity
Description/Value
10Base-T
50 mA at 12 V
Normal: -40 ... +70 °C (-76 ... 158 °F)
Extended: -60 ... +70 °C (-76 ... 158 °F)
0 ... 100 %RH
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 253
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Sensors
Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429
Table 94
Ultrasonic Snow Depth Sensor IRU-9429 Specifications
Property
Operating range
Available outputs
Operating voltage
Programming voltage
Total current draw
Maximum power rating
Housing
Transducer type
Ratings
Resolution
Operating temperature
Frequency
Description/Value
0.15 ... 10.67 m (½ ... 35 ft.)
4–20 mA, 4–20 mA + (2) NPN,
0–2.5V/0–5V (selectable via software)
12–28 VDC
15–28 VDC
75 mA at 24 VDC
2.5 W
Polycarbonate/PET blend
Electrostatic
NEMA 12
2.5 mm (0.1 inch)
-40 to 60 °C (-40 to +140 °F)
50 kHz
Pyranometer CMP6
Table 95
Pyranometer CMP6 Specifications
Property
ISO classification
Response time (95%)
Zero offsets:
- Thermal radiation
(200 W/m2)
- Temperature change
(5 K/hr)
Non-stability (change/year)
Non-linearity (0 to
1000 W/m2 beam)
Directional error (at 80 °
with 1000 W/m2 beam)
Temperature dependence of
sensitivity
Tilt error (at 1000 W/m2)
Other
Sensitivity
Impedance
Level accuracy
Operating temperature
Spectral range (50% points)
Typical signal output for
atmospheric applications
Maximum irradiance
Cable
Description/Value
First class
18 s
±15 W/m2
±4W/m2
±1%
±1%
20 W/m2
±4% (-10 ... +40 °C)
±1%
5 ... 16 μV/W/m2
20 ... 200 Ω
0.5 °
-40 ... +80 °C
310 ... 2800 nm
0 ... 15 mV
2000 W/m2
10 m
254 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15
Mechanical Wind Sensor Set WA15 consists of Vaisala Anemometer
WAA151 and Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151.
Vaisala Anemometer WAA151
Table 96
Vaisala Anemometer WAA151, Wind Speed
Property
Measurement range
Distance constant
Characteristic transfer
function
Table 97
Vaisala Anemometer WAA151, General
Property
Operating power supply
Heating power supply
Output
Transducer output level
with Iout <+5 mA
with Iout >–5 mA
Settling time after power
turn-on
Plug 6-PIN
Cabling
Recommended connector at
cable end
Operating temperature with
heating
Storage temperature
Material
Housing
Cups
Dimensions
Swept radius of cup wheel
Weight
Table 98
Description/Value
0.4 ... 75 m/s
2.0 m
U = 0.328 + 0.101 × R
(where U = wind speed [m/s], R = output pulse
rate [Hz])
Description/Value
Uin = 9.5 ... 15.5 VDC, 20 mA typical
AC or DC 20 V, 500 mA nominal
0 ... 750 Hz square wave
High state > Uin-1.5 V
Low state < 2.0 V
< 30 µs
MIL-C-26482 type
6-wire cable through cross arm
SOURIAU MS3116F10-6P
-50 ... +55 °C (-58 ... +131 °F)
-60 ... +70 °C (-76 ... +158 °F)
AlMgSi, gray anodized
PA, reinforced with carbon fiber
240 (h) × 90 (Ø) mm
91 mm
570 g
Vaisala Anemometer WAA151, Test Compliance
Property
Description/Value
Wind tunnel tests
ASTM standard method D5096-90
Exploratory vibration test
MIL-STD-167-1
Humidity test
MIL-STD-810E, Method 507.3
Salt fog test
MIL-STD-810E, Method 509.3
Complies with EMC standard EN61326-1:1997 + Am1:1998 + Am2:2001;
Generic Environment
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 255
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151
Table 99
Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151, Wind Direction
Property
Measurement range at wind
speed 0.4 ... 75 m/s
Starting threshold
Resolution
Damping ratio
Overshoot ratio
Delay distance
Table 100
<0.4 m/s
±2.8°
0.19
0.55
0.4 m
Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151, General
Property
Operating power supply
Heating power supply
Output code
Output levels
with Iout <+5 mA
with Iout >–5 mA
Settling time after power
turn-on
Plug 10-PIN
Cabling
Recommended connector at
cable end
Operating temperature with
heating
Storage temperature
Material
Housing
Wave
Dimensions
Swept radius of vane
Weight
Table 101
Description/Value
0 ... 360°
Description/Value
Uin = 9.5 ... 15.5 VDC, 20 mA typical
AC or DC 20 V, 500 mA nominal
6-bit parallel GRAY
High state > Uin -1.5 V
Low state < 1.5 V
<100 µs
MIL-C-26482 type
10-wire cable through cross arm
SOURIAU MS3116F12-10P
-50 ... +55 °C (-58 ... +131 °F)
-60 ... +70 °C (-76 ... +158 °F)
AlMgSi, gray anodized
Alsi 12 anodized
300 (h) × 90 (Ø) mm
172 mm
660 g
Vaisala Wind Vane WAV151, Test Compliance
Property
Wind tunnel tests
Description/Value
ASTM standard method D5366-93 (for starting
threshold, distance constant, transfer function)
Exploratory vibration test
MIL-STD-167-1
Humidity test
MIL-STD-810E, Method 507.3
Salt fog test
MIL-STD-810E, Method 509.3
Complies with EMC standard EN61326-1:1997 + Am1:1998; Am2:2001;
Generic Environment
256 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703
Table 102
Wind Speed
Property
Measurement range
Starting threshold
Resolution
Response time
Available variables
Table 103
Wind Direction
Property
Measurement range
Starting threshold
Resolution
Response time
Available variables
Table 104
Description/Value
0 … 360 °
0.1 m/s
1°
250 ms
Instant, average, maximum, minimum
Outputs
Property
Digital output type
Message format
Bit rate
Readout update interval
Units available
Operating mode
Virtual temperature
NOTE
Description/Value
0 ... 75 m/s
0.01 m/s
0.01 m/s
250 ms
Instant, peak, average, maximum, minimum,
gust, lull
Description/Value
COM1: RS-485
NMEA Standard and Extended (version
0183),
9600
Max. 4 Hz
m/s, knots, mph, km/h, V, mA, Hz
Automatic transmission or poll mode
Celsius degrees
In extreme weather conditions, ice or snow accumulation may cause a
temporary wind measurement blackout even when heating is enabled.
WMT703 indicates this with missing readings or in the data message.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 257
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 105
General
Property
Heating
Operating temperature
Description/Value
Transducer heating 30 W
-55 ... +70 °C
Operating voltage
Absolute maximum
Heating voltage
Typical ranges
Absolute maximum
IP class
Material
Body
Transducers
Mounting kit
Dimensions (h × w × d)
Weight
Connector
9 ... 36 VDC
40 VDC
24 ... 36 VDC
40 VDC
IP66/IP67
Stainless steel AISI316
Silicone
Stainless steel AISI316
350 mm h × 250 mm × 285 mm
2 kg
Hummel 7.106 series
Dimensions
Figure 135 below and Figure 136 on page 259 show the dimensions of
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 and Mounting Kit FIX70.
1001-015
Figure 135
Ultrasonic Wind Sensor WMT703 Dimensions in
Millimeters
258 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
1004-117
Figure 136
Mounting Kit FIX70 Dimensions in Millimeters
Rain Gauge RG13(H)
Rain Gauge RG13H features a heating element but otherwise complies
with the same specifications as Rain Gauge RG13.
Table 106
Rain Gauge RG13(H) Specifications
Property
Diameter of aperture
Area of aperture
Rainfall capacity
Sensitivity (rainfall per
pulse)
Dimensions (height Ø)
Weight
Heater (in RG13H)
Thermostat operation
Description/Value
225 mm
400 cm2
Unlimited
0.2 mm
390 300 mm
2.5 kg
38 W/40 VAC
Opens at +11 °C (±3 °C)
Closes at +4 °C (±3 °C) (in RG13H)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 259
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe
HMP155
Table 107
HMP155 Outputs
Property
Voltage output
Resistive Pt100 4-wire
connection
Average current
consumption (+15 VDC,
load 100 kOhm), 0…1 V
output
Operating voltage
Setting time at power-up,
voltage output
Table 108
Description/Value
0 ... 1 V
< 3 mA
7 ... 28 VDC
2s
HMP155 Mechanics
Property
User cable connector
Cable coating
Max wire size
Service cable
Filter
Housing material
Housing classification
Probe weight
Description/Value
M12 series 8-pin connector (male)
PUR
AWG 26
USB connection cable 1.45 m (item 221040)
Sintered PTFE
PC
IP66
86 g
Dimensions in mm (inches)
HMP155 Probe
279 [10.98]
266 [10.47]
20 [0.79]
Ø12 [0.47]
40 [1.57]
86 [3.39]
24 [0.94]
Figure 137
0801-077
Probe Dimensions
260 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Chapter 8 ____________________________________________________________ Technical Data
Soil Temperature QMT110
Table 109
Soil Temperature Sensor QMT110 Specifications
Property
Sensor type
Performance
Sensitivity
Dimensions
Material
Environmental
Cable
Ingress protection
Description/Value
Pt100-type RTD element
1/4 DIN 43760B
0.385 ohm/°C (DIN 43760)
Ø 6 mm, length 150 mm
Stainless steel, AISI 316
Watertight from 0.1 to 4 bar
PUR black, 5 × 0.5 mm2 Cu, length 10 m
IP68 (connector)
GSM/GPRS Modem
Table 110
GSM/GPRS Modem Specifications
Property
Sensitivity
Quad band
Data transmission
SMS
Tx power
Supply voltage
Temperature range
Weight
Table 111
Description/Value
-104 dBm
850/900/1800/1900 MHz
GPRS class 10/8
Full PBCCH support
GPRS mobile station, class B
CSD up to 14.4.kbps
USSD
V.110
Text and PDU mode, cell broadcast
2 W (class 4)
1 W (class 1)
8 ... 30 V
-30 ... +75 °C
110 g (4 oz.)
GSM/GPRS Antenna Specifications
Property
Frequency range
No. of elements
Gain
Polarization
Cable
Description/Value
Dual band 805–960/1710–2170 MHz
1 omnidirectional
2 dBd
Vertical
5m
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 261
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
This page intentionally left blank.
262 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix A __________________________________________________________ Wiring Diagrams
APPENDIX A
WIRING DIAGRAMS
This chapter contains the wiring diagrams for AWS330.
AWS330 System Basic Wiring Diagrams
The following pages contain the wiring diagrams for the AWS330
system:
-
DRW235810, Block diagram
DRW235936, Power and display
DRW235937, Data lines
DRW235938, Wind sensors
DRW235939, Sensor connections
DRW235992, Sensor cables
DRW235993, Connector flange
DRW236056, AWS330 Enclosure Layout, Cover installation plates
DRW236056, AWS330 Enclosure Layout, Inside view
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 263
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
264 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix A __________________________________________________________ Wiring Diagrams
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 265
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
266 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix A __________________________________________________________ Wiring Diagrams
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 267
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
268 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix A __________________________________________________________ Wiring Diagrams
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 269
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
270 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix A __________________________________________________________ Wiring Diagrams
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 271
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
272 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
APPENDIX B
CALCULATION FORMULAS
This chapter contains information on the WMO-compliant calculation
formulas used in the measurements.
Dewpoint Temperature
The dewpoint component calculates the temperature, where dew is
beginning to form from moist air. This calculation is based on air
temperature and relative humidity.
Dewpoint temperature (td) is calculated with the following WMO
(Annex 4.B) formulas:


e´

243.12 ⋅ ln
6.112 ⋅ f ( p) 

td =


e´

17.62 − ln
 6.112 ⋅ f ( p) 
and
U = 100 ⋅
e´w ( p, t d )
e´w ( p, t )
which give:
td =
243.12 ⋅ ln[(U ⋅ exp[(17.62 ⋅ t ) / (243.12 + t )]) / 100]
17.62 − ln[(U ⋅ exp[(17.62 ⋅ t ) / (243.12 + t )]) / 100]
Table 112
Inputs for Dewpoint Calculation
Input
Air temperature (t)
Relative humidity (U)
Variable
TAAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
RHAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 273
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Heat Index
The heat index measures how hot it feels when the effect of humidity is
added to high temperature. This calculation uses two source values,
temperature and humidity, and produces one result value, the heat index.
The calculation formula is as follows:
HI = 16.923 +
0.185212 * TA +
5.379410 * RH –
0.100254 * TA*RH +
9.41695*10-3 * TA2 +
7.28898*10-3 * RH2 +
3.45372*10-4 * TA2*RH –
8.14971*10-4 * TA*RH2 +
1.02102*10-5 * TA2*RH2 –
3.86460*10-5 * TA3 +
2.91583*10-5 * RH3 +
1.42721*10-6 * TA3*RH +
1.97483*10-7 * TA*RH3 –
2.18429*10-8 * TA3*RH2 +
8.43296*10-10 * TA2*RH3 –
4.81975*10-11 * TA3*RH3
where
RH
TA
HI
= Relative humidity [%]
= Air temperature [F°]
= Heat index [F°]
Table 113
Inputs for Heat Index Calculation
Input
Air temperature (TA)
Relative humidity (RH)
1)
Variable
TAAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22 (1
RHAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
Converted internally to degrees Fahrenheit.
274 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Wind Chill (NWS 2001)
Wind chill, which is an estimate of the heat loss from an open surface, is
calculated according to the formula updated by NWS in 2001:
Wch = 13.13 + 0.62 ⋅ T A − 13.95 ⋅ WS 0.16 + 0.486 ⋅ T A ⋅ WS 0.16
where
WCh
TA
WS
= Wind chill [°C]
= Air temperature [°C]
= Wind speed [m/s]
Table 114
Inputs for Wind Chill Calculation
Input
Air temperature (TA)
Wind speed (WS)
Variable
TAAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
WSAVG2M; see Table 6 on page 24
Wet Bulb Temperature
Wet bulb temperature is calculated iteratively as follows:
First the initial estimate of wet bulb temperature is calculated with the
formula:
 Pws(Td) 
log

6.112 

Twet = 243.12 ⋅
 Pws(Td) 
17.62 - log

 6.112 
Then the wet bulb temperature is iteratively re-calculated as long as
ABS(Phit-Pws(Td))>0.01 with the formula:
Twet = Twet -
Phit - Pws(Td)
2 ⋅ Pder
where Phit and Pder are calculated depending on the value of Twet:
Twet > 0:
Phit = Pws (Twet ) − 0.000662 ⋅ PA ⋅ (T A − Twet )
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 275
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Pder = ( Pws (Twet + 0.1) − 0.000662 ⋅ T A ⋅ (T A − (Twet + 0.1)) − Phit ) ⋅ 10.0
Twet≤0:
Phit = Pwi(Twet) - 0.000583 ⋅ PA ⋅ (TA - Twet)
Pder = ( Pwi(Twet + 0.1) - 0.000583 ⋅ TA ⋅ (TA - (Twet + 0.1)) - Phit ) ⋅ 10.0
where
Twet
Td
TA
PA
Pws(t)
Pwi(t)
=
=
=
=
=
=
Wet bulb temperature [°C]
Dewpoint temperature [°C]
Ambient air temperature [°C]
Ambient air pressure [hPa]
Aqueous vapor pressure of water at temperature t [hPa]
Aqueous vapor pressure of ice at temperature t [hPa]
Pws(t) is calculated with the formula:

 b _1
Pws (t ) = exp
+ b0 + b1 ⋅ v + b2 ⋅ v 2 + b3 ⋅ v 3 + b 4 ⋅ log(v)  ⋅ 0.01

 v
where
b_1
b0
b1
b2
b3
b4
=
=
=
=
=
=
-5800.2206
1.3914993
-0.048640239
0.000041764768
-0.000000014452093
6.5459673
v = t - c0 - c1 ⋅ t - c2 ⋅ t2 - c3 ⋅ t3
where
t
c0
c1
c2
c3
=
=
=
=
=
Temperature [K]
0.4931358
-0.0046094296
0.000013746454
-0.000000012743214
276 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Pwi(t) is calculated with the formula:
 a0

Pwi (t ) = exp + a1 + a 2 ⋅ t + a3t 2 + a 4 ⋅ t 3 + a5 ⋅ t 4 + a6 ⋅ log(t )  ⋅ 0.01
 t

where
a0
a1
a2
a3
a4
a5
a6
t
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Table 115
-5674.5359
6.3925247
-9.677843E - 03
0.00000062215701
2.0747825E - 09
-9.484024E - 13
4.1635019
Temperature [K]
Inputs for Wet Bulb Temperature Calculation
Input
Air temperature (TA)
Dewpoint temperature (Td)
Atmospheric pressure (PA)
Variable
TAAVG1M, see Table 4 on page 22
DPAVG1M, see Table 4 on page 22
QFEAVG1M, see Table 5 on page 23
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 277
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
QFE/QFF Pressure
The reduced air pressure QFE (pressure at a certain level) or QFF
(pressure at sea level) are calculated as follows:
QF = PA ⋅ e
L
T1
where
T1
L
TA
PA
QF
=
=
=
=
=
Table 116
7996 + 0.0086 * L + 29.33 * TA
Reduction level in meters
Air temperature [°C]
Atmospheric pressure [hPa]
Reduced pressure (QFE or QFF) [hPa]
Inputs for QFE/QFF Pressure Calculation
Input
Air temperature (TA)
Atmospheric pressure (PA) OFE
Atmospheric pressure (PA) QFF
Reduction level (L) QFE
Reduction level (L) QFF
Variable
TAAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
PAAVG1M; see Table 5 on page 23
QFEAVG1M; see Table 5 on page 23
Station parameter 'pslevel'
Station parameter 'altitude'
278 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
QNH Pressure
QNH, the pressure reduced to mean sea level according to ICAO
standard atmosphere, is calculated as follows:
QNH = QFE ⋅ e
T1
288.2 + 0.00325⋅ ALT
where
T1
ALT
QFE
QNH
ln( )
=
=
=
=
=
Table 117
0.03416 ⋅ ALT ⋅ [1 - 0.19025 ⋅ (ln (QFE) - 6.92087)]
Station altitude [m]
Station level air pressure [hPa]
Sea level pressure [hPa]
Natural logarithm function
Inputs for QNH Pressure Calculation
Input
Atmospheric pressure (QFE)
Reduction level (ALT)
Variable
PAAVG1M; see Table 5 on page 23
Station parameter 'pslevel'
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 279
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Wind Calculation Formulas
Wind Speed Average
Instant wind speed average is calculated using the following formula (3 s
calculation):
n
WSA = ( WS i ) / n
i =1
where
WSA
Wsi
N
= Wind speed average
= Wind speed instant value
= Number of wind speed instant values
When the source is a calculated data table, the following formula is used
(2 and 10 minute calculations):
n
WSA = ( WSATi ) / n
(16)
i =1
where
WSA = Wind speed average
WSATi = Wind speed average stored to data table
n
= Number of wind speed average values
280 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Scalar Wind Direction Average Method
Wind direction average calculation using the Scalar method is based on
the assumption that the source direction value does not differ more than
180° from the previous average value. The previous average value is
marked as 0° and the source values are scaled with respect to that point
so that the result varies between -180° and 180°. For example, if the
previous average value was 10°, a source value of 355° would be
converted to -15°. This method is also used when the wind direction
maximum and minimum values are determined.
WDs = WD - WDAprev
(instant table)
WDs = WDAT - WDAprev
(calculated table)
(17)
WDAs = ( WDsi ) / n
(18)
WDA = WDAs + WDAprev
(19)
n
i =1
where
WD
WDAT
WDs
=
=
=
WDAprev =
WDAs
=
WDA
n
=
=
Table 118
Wind direction instant value
Wind direction average stored to data table
Wind direction instant value scaled with respect to the
previous average value
Previous wind direction average value, if defined;
otherwise the first source value
Wind direction average value scaled with respect to the
previous average value
Wind direction average
Number of wind direction source values
Inputs for Wind Calculation
Input
Wind speed Wsi
Wind direction WD
Sensor
See Table 3 on page 21
See Table 3 on page 21
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 281
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Sunshine Duration
Sunshine duration calculation reports whether the sun is shining or not.
The sun is considered to be shining, if global radiation (G) is more than
120 W/m2. Also, the ratio G/G0, where G0 is the calculated
extraterrestrial global radiation (on top of the atmosphere), must be over
0.4. Calculation of G0 requires stations position (longitude and latitude),
current (= local) time, and day number (0-365).
The global radiation G is measured with a pyranometer (CM6B is
recommended), using an analog measuring channel. Time and day
number are composed using the QML logger internal time functions. Of
course, user must set local time and time zone correctly to ensure proper
operation.
Before G0 can be calculated, the zenith angle of the sun, at station
location, must be less than 85 degrees. The G/G0 limit, zenith angle
limit, and radiation limit are configurable.
The sunshine duration component returns Boolean-type data '1' if the sun
is shining and '0' if it is not. This data is supposed to be logged by the
QML logger or external system to retrieve a history of sunshine duration.
Calculation of Extraterrestrial Global Radiation G0
G0 = 1367 ⋅ (1.000110
2π ⋅ DN
365
4π ⋅ DN
+ 0.000719 ⋅ cos
365
4π ⋅ DN
+ 0.000077 ⋅ sin
)
365
⋅ cos(e)
+ 0.034221 ⋅ cos
where
DN
e
G0
= Day number (1 ... 366)
= Zenith angle (-90.0 ... 90.0 degrees)
= Extraterrestrial global radiation (0 ... 1422 W/m2)
282 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Calculation of Zenith Angle e
e = arccos(sin( Lat ) ⋅ sin δ + cos( Lat ) ⋅ cos δ ⋅ cos ω
where
Lon
Lat
= Station longitude
= Station latitude
δ = (0.006918
− 0.399912 ⋅ cos A
+ 0.070257 ⋅ sin A
− 0.006758 ⋅ cos(2 A)
+ 0.000908 ⋅ sin(2 A)) ⋅
180
π
ω = (TST − 12.0) ⋅ 15
A = 360 ⋅
DN − 1
365
TST = LMT +
EQ
60
LMT = GMT + Lon ⋅
4
60
GMT = CT − TS
EQ = 0.0172
+ 0.4281 ⋅ cos A
− 7.3515 ⋅ sin A
− 3.3495 ⋅ cos(2 A)
− 9.3619 ⋅ sin( 2 A)
where
δ
ω
TST
LMT
GMT
CT
TS
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Declination (-24.0 ... 24.0 degrees)
Hour Angle (-180.0 ... 180.0 degrees)
True Solar Time (in decimals)
Local Mean Time (in decimals)
Greenwich Mean Time (in decimals)
Civil Time (in decimals)
Time Shift
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 283
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 119
Inputs for Sunshine Duration Calculation
Input
Global radiation (G)
Latitude (Lat)
Longitude (Lon)
Variable
GIRRAVG1M, see Table 9 on page 25
Station parameter 'Latitude'; see section
Location Parameters on page 115
Station parameter 'Longitude'; see section
Location Parameters on page 115
284 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Evapotranspiration
Evapotranspiration is calculated using the Penman-Monteith equation.
The evapotranspiration calculation estimates the loss of water from a
vegetative surface trough the combined process of plant transpiration and
soil evaporation. It is calculated with the following formula:
Eto =
900
U 2 (e a − e d )
T + 273
Δ + γ (1 + 0.34U 2 )
0.408Δ( Rn − G ) + γ
where
Eto
Rn
G
T
U2
(ea-ed)
Δ
γ
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Reference crop evapotranspiration [mm/d]
Net radiation at crop surface [MJ/m2/d]
Soil heat flux [MJ/m2/d]
Average air temperature [°C]
Wind speed measured at 2m height [m/s]
Vapor pressure deficit [kPa]
Slope of vapor pressure curve [kPa(°C)]
Psychometric constant [kPa(°C)]
Slope of the Vapor Pressure Curve (Δ)
Δ=
4098ea
(T + 237.3) 2
Net Radiation (Rn)
This is the average radiation from sensor. Net is calculated using surface
albedo.
The radiation value [W/m2] from measurements is converted to
[MJ/m2/d] by the calculation.
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 285
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Soil Heat Flux (G)
 T − Tn −1 
G = cs d s  n

 Δt 
where
Tn
Tn-1
Δt
cs
=
=
=
=
ds
=
Temperature on day n [°C]
Temperature on preceding day n-1 [°C]
Time period [days]
Volumetric heat capacity [MJ m-3 °C-1] (2.1 for average
moist soil is used)
Estimated effective soil depth [m] (0.2 m is used)
Psychometric Constant (γ)
γ =
CpP
ελ
⋅ 10 −3 = 0.00163
P
λ
where
γ
Cp
P
ε
λ
=
=
=
=
=
Psychometric constant [kPa °C-1]
Specific heat of moist air = 1.013 kJ kg-1 °C-1
Atmospheric pressure [kPa]
Ratio molecular weight water vapor/dry air = 0.622
Latent heat of vaporization [ML kg-1]
λ is given by the following formula:
λ = 2.501 − (2.361 ⋅ 10 −3 )T
Average Air Temperature (T)
Where hourly data is available:
T = i = 0
24
Ti
24
286 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix B ______________________________________________________ Calculation Formulas
Wind Speed (U2)
Estimate wind speed at 2 m height when measured at height z.


4,87
U2 = Uz 

 ln((67.8 z ) − 5.42) 
where
Uz
z
=
=
Wind speed measured at height z [ms-1]
Height of wind speed measurement [m]
Vapor Pressure Deficit (ea-ed)
 e (T ) + ea (Tmin ) 

VPD = (ea − ed ) =  a max
 − ed 
2



where
ea
ed
=
=
Saturation vapor pressure [kPa]
Actual vapor pressure [kPa]
 17.27Tmax 

ea (Tmax ) = 0.611 exp
 Tmax + 237.3 
 17.27Tmin 

ea (Tmin ) = 0.611 exp
 Tmin + 237.3 
RH max
1
ed =  ea (Tmin )
100
2
RH min 
 1
 +  ea (Tmax )

100 
 2
where
Tmax
Tmin
ea(Tmax)
ea(Tmin)
ed(Tmax)
ed(Tmin)
RHmax
RHmin
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Maximum daily temperature [°C]
Minimum daily temperature [°C]
Saturation vapor pressure at Tmax
Saturation vapor pressure at Tmin
Actual vapor pressure at Tmax
Actual vapor pressure at Tmin
Maximum daily relative humidity [%]
Minimum daily relative humidity [%]
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 287
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table 120
Inputs for Evapotranspiration Calculation
Input
Net radiation Rn
Temperature values T, Tn, Tn-1,
Tmax, Tmin
Relative humidity values RHmax,
RHmin
Wind speed Uz
Atmospheric pressure P
Variable(s)
GIRRAVG1D; see Table 9 on page 25
Station parameter 'evap_albedo'; see Table
24 on page 119
Daily statistical values derived from
TAAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
Daily statistical values derived from
RHAVG1M; see Table 4 on page 22
Daily average of WSAVG2M; see Table 6
on page 24. Wind speed reduction height z
is 10 meters.
QFEAVG1D; see Table 5 on page 23.
Converted internally to kPa.
288 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix C _______________________________________________________ Example Messages
APPENDIX C
EXAMPLE MESSAGES
This chapter contains example AWS330 messages.
CSV Message
Note: The actual message does not contain linefeeds.
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:061200;TAAVG1M:0.3;TAAVG1H:0.1;
TAAVG1D:-0.3;TAMIN1D:-0.6;TAMAX1D:2.3;RHAVG1M:67;
RHAVG1H:56;DPAVG1H:-7.4;DPAVG1M:-5.2;TBAVG1M:1.1;
TBAVG1H:-2.2;HIAVG1M:0.3;WCHAVG1M:2.0;
QFEAVG1M:1018.3;QFEAVG1H:1017.4;QFEMIN1H:1014.4;
QFEMAX1H:1020.1;QFEAVG1D:1020.1;QFEMIN1D:1020.1;
QFEMAX1D:1020.2;QFFAVG1M:1020.3;QFFAVG1H:1020.4;
QFFMIN1H:1020.4;QFFMAX1H:1020.1;QFFMIN1D:1020.1;
QFFAVG1D:1020.1;QFFMAX1D:1020.2;QNHAVG1M:1018.3;
QNHAVG1H:1018.4;QNHMIN1H:1018.4;QNHMAX1H:1018.1;
QNHAVG1D:1017.3;QNHMIN1D:1017.1;QNHMAX1D:1018.3;
PTREND3H:1.8;PTEND3H:0;VPAVG1H:3.4;WS:0.9;WD:60;
WDAVG2M:74;WDMIN2M:60;WDMAX2M:80;WSAVG2M:1.8;
WSMIN2M:0.1;WSMAX2M:4.1;WDAVG10M:63;WDMIN10M:45;
WDMAX10M:80;WSAVG10M:2.0;WSMIN10M:0.0;WSMAX10M:4.2;
WDWSMAX10M:53;PRSUM1M:0.0;PRSUM10M:0.0;
PRSUM30M:0.0; PRSUM1H:0.0;PRSUM3H:0.0;PRSUM6H:0.0;
PRSUM12H:0.0;PRSUM1D:0.0;PRFSUM1H:0.0;SNAVG1H:1274.8;
TS1AVG10M:-1.3;TS1AVG1H:-2.6;TS1MIN1H:-5.1;TS1MAX1H:0.0;
TS1AVG1D:-2.6;TS1MIN1D:-5.0;TS1MAX1D:-0.1;TS2AVG10M:-3.6;
TS2AVG1H:-4.5;TS2MIN1H:-4.5; TS2MAX1H:-2.8;TS2AVG1D:-4.5;
TS2MIN1D:-6.3;TS2MAX1D:2.7;GIRRAVG1M:700;
GIRRAVG1H:525;GIRRAVG1D:525;SDUR1D:244;EVAP1D:1.5;
UPTIME:18200;STATUS:0;EXTDC:10.7)
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 289
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
Table Message
Station name:
Date:
AWS330
2010.11.26 10:29:13
MAWS:
Internal temperature:
DC supply voltage:
17.7
13.5
Sensors:
Temperature:
Air pressure:
Relative humidity:
Wind direction:
Wind speed:
Precipitation:
Snow depth:
Solar radiation:
Soil temperature1:
Soil temperature2:
Instant
0.3
1000.0
64
68
3.8
0.0
1275
630
-0.7
-3.1
Average
0.3
1000.0
64
77
3.4
0
12.5
630
-0.2
-2.7
Status
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
SMS Message
Note: The actual message does not contain linefeeds.
(S:AWS330;D101207;T:150400;TA:-22.2;RH:20; DP:-30.5;PA:1002.7;
PR:0.8;WD:230;WS:2.5;SR:777;TS1:-10.2;TS2:-11.6;SH:120)
Alarm Messages
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:090800;ALARM:Internal temperature;TINT:66)
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:090800;ALARM:Temperature;TAAVG1M:-3.0)
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:090700;ALARM:Supply voltage low;EXTDC:9.5)
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:091500;ALARM:Windspeed;WSMAX10M:30.0)
(S:AWS330;D:101129;T:100100;ALARM:Precipitation;PRSUM1H:0.0)
290 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix C _______________________________________________________ Example Messages
Table Message with Alarm List
Station name:
Date:
MAWS:
Internal temperature:
DC supply voltage:
AWS330
101129 101209
66.0
9.5
Sensors:
Temperature:
Air pressure:
Relative humidity:
Wind direction:
Wind speed:
Precipitation:
Snow depth:
Solar radiation:
Soil temperature1:
Soil temperature2:
Instant
//////
1000.0
61
47
27.0
0.0
1277
0
-1.5
-3.7
Average
//////
1000.0
61
/////
//////
0
-127.7
0
-1.8
-3.9
Status
23
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Temperature sensor failure
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 291
User's Guide ______________________________________________________________________
This page intentionally left blank.
292 _________________________________________________________________ M211296EN-B
Appendix D ______________________________________________________ Sensor Status Values
APPENDIX D
SENSOR STATUS VALUES
This chapter contains sensor status values.
Table 121
Value
0
1
2
3
4
5
Sensor Status List
Description
Sensor is working properly (OK).
Not measured yet.
Interface is not initialized.
Communication timeout has occurred.
Unknown data is received.
Communication is functioning, but the sensor reports
errors. Use sensor's own service interface to find out the
cause.
6
Sensor communication is paused because service
connection is opened.
7
Message sequence numbers are overlapping in the
Autotrac satellite transceiver interface.
8 ... 19
Not available.
20
Excitation failure is caused by overload in the excitation
output.
21
The input voltage is out of range or the A/D conversion
has failed due to an internal error.
22
Sensor is disconnected or the connection cables are
broken.
23
Sensor output exceeds the min/max limits defined in the
Measurements view.
24
Change in sensor output has exceeded the maximum
step defined in the Measurements view.
25
An internal configuration error has occurred.
26
Error in reference measurement, usually caused by
damaged sensor/logger or electrical interference.
27
Internal voltage error occurred or the logger is damaged.
28
BARO-1 calibration data error.
29
Data is invalid for unspecified reason.
30
The measurement or the sensor has been manually
disabled.
99
Sensor status is not supported.
1
Value is available only for sensors with a serial interface.
2 Value is available only for sensors with a conventional, that is, analog or
counter/frequency interface.
Notes
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
VAISALA ______________________________________________________________________ 293
www.vaisala.com
*M211296EN*