Applied Thermal Control KTC Instruction manual

KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
K SERIES CHILLERS
KTR, KTC, KTD
STANDARD MODELS
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Issue 7.0
3046567
Applied Thermal Control Ltd.
The Courtyard
Whitwick Business Park
Stenson Road
Whitwick, Leicestershire
LE67 4JP
Tel: +44 (0) 1530 839998
Fax: +44 (0) 1530 813786
Issue 7.0
Page 1
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Safety
3
4
1.1 Warranty registration
5
1.2 Unpacking
5
1.3 Site requirements
6
2.0 INSTALLATION
6
Fluid line requirements
Voltage selection option
Chiller filling procedure
3.0 OPERATION
KTR models only
KTC models only
KTD models only
Adjusting the set point (KTD only)
CAL controller error messages (KTD only)
6
7
8
9
9
9
10
10
10
4.0 MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS, OPERATOR
11
5.0 TECHNICIAN SECTION
12
5.1 Fluid flow and pressure adjustment
12
5.2 Maintenance and service requirements
13
5.3 Troubleshooting
14
6.0 WARRANTY TERMS AND CONDITIONS
15
Registration
15
6.1 Return of goods procedure
16
6.2 Specifications
Environmental
KTR
KTC
KTD
17
17
17
17
18
EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
19
Issue 7.0
Page 2
Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
1.0 Introduction
By selecting a K series chiller you have invested in many years experience in the design
and manufacture of precision temperature control instrumentation.
ATC has built your K series chiller without compromise to meet the objectives of
performance and reliability.
Please read this manual carefully to ensure you understand the operation of the machine
and how to use the unit safely and efficiently.
If you have any questions regarding installation or repair of this unit please contact ATC
at:
Applied Thermal Control Ltd.
The Courtyard,
Whitwick Business Park,
Stenson Road,
Whitwick,
Leicestershire, LE67 4JP,
UK
Tel:
Fax:
e-mail:
+44 (0) 1530 839998
+44 (0) 1530 813786
sales@app-therm.com
Or contact an approved ATC distributor.
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Page 3
Safety
For your safety we draw your attention to the following Warning and Caution statements
throughout this manual, identified by the symbols…
and
i
respectively. The safe operation of a KT series chiller remains the responsibility of the
operator at all times.
i Attention: Failure to comply with a Caution will invalidate product warranty and absolve
ATC from any liability, howsoever caused, and could result in permanent damage to
equipment.
i Caution: Failure to comply with a ‘Warning’ may result in personal injury or death. ATC
does not accept any liability for injury caused through use of this equipment.
_________________
Warning: If the equipment is used in a manner not specified by the manufacturer, the
protection provided by the equipment may be impaired.
Warning: There are no user serviceable parts in this equipment.
i Caution: The high integrity refrigeration system contains no user-serviceable parts. Repair
and service requires specialised knowledge and tools. Any unauthorised tampering with the
refrigeration system automatically invalidates warranty.
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Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
1.1 Warranty registration
The warranty registration card must be completed and returned to ATC.
This does not affect your statutory rights.
1.2 Unpacking
Please check that both the packaging and the unit are undamaged. If there is any doubt, it is
vital that you inform both ATC and the carrier before making a claim on the carrier. There
are no hidden shipping bolts or other fixings. You should inspect the packaging for signs of
transit damage before signing for the unit, and if possible unpack the unit before signing.
Once you have signed for the goods, ATC cannot be held responsible for any transit
damage subsequently found.
30 kg
Warning: 30kg (66lb) – Two person lift required.
Remove the unit from its original packaging and ensure that there is no packaging left
around the cooling ducts.
Please retain all packaging in the unlikely event that the chiller needs to be returned to
our local representatives.
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Operator
section
1.3 Site requirements
·
Hard, level surface.
·
Clean, dust free environment. Air-cooled chillers move large volumes of air, and
large amounts of air-borne contamination will result in fouling of the condenser.
This will reduce the capacity of the unit and in extreme cases cause a system shutdown.
·
Non-condensing ambient, from +4°C to +40°C. Maximum cooling capacity is
achieved at 22°C, and will de-rate by 2% per °C until capacity is lost at 30°C.
·
Electrical supply. Two standard versions are available, 230V 50Hz 3A or 115V
60Hz, 6A. Other options are available on request.
·
Clearance front and rear of the unit at least 250mm (10 inches).
·
Plumbing to be clean and compatible with the fluid to be used. It is advisable that
the minimum of right angle bends and compression fittings are used to reduce
pressure losses in the pipework. See also section 2.0
2.0 Installation
Having ensured that your installation meets all of the site requirements identified in section
1.3, it is best practice that the fluid lines between your application and the chiller have the
following characteristics.
Fluid line requirements
· As short as possible. Ideally between 1 and 2 metres (between 3 and 6 feet).
·
Large diameter. Ideally at least 12mm (½ inch) internal diameter
·
Black tubing, to inhibit growth of algae. Alternatively, use solid copper or welded
ABS.
·
Free from right angle bends
·
Clean. If your installation is to existing pipe work, the system should be flushed
clean prior to filling. Hexid fluids are the recommended coolant choice as they
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Operator
section
provide excellent corrosion protection, freeze protection, algae inhibition and good
heat transfer properties.
i
Caution: Always use ATC recommended fluids in your K series chiller. Never use other
anti-freeze mixtures, as they may corrode your application and will damage the K series
pump seals.
All connections should be made using the fittings and clips provided. Where threaded or
compression type fluid joints are to be made, always use a suitable jointing compound such
as PTFE tape.
Voltage selection option
i Caution: If your KT chiller is rated for multi-tap and dual frequency operation, it is
essential that the voltage selector switch on the KT chiller is set to match the voltage and
frequency available at your site. The voltage selector switch cover plate can be found on
the right side of the chiller cover, when viewed from the front. Access is via the four
securing screws on the cover plate.
Having ensured that the system is correctly connected, with the inlets and outlets having
the correct orientation relative to your application, all joints tight and leak free, and with
the unit isolated from the electrical supply, prepare to fill the unit with Hexid fluid.
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Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Chiller filling procedure
1. Check valves in your application are open
2. Remove lid from the coolant reservoir
3. Fill with Hexid to within 40mm (1½ inches) of the tank rim.
4. Switch the unit on.
5. Wait while the fluid level drops in the tank.
6. Switch the unit off.
7. Repeat steps 3 to 5 until all of the air has been purged from the system.
8. Top up to a level 40mm (1½ inches) below the tank rim.
9. Check the inlet and outlet connections, and the inside of your application carefully for
leaks. If no leaks are found, the system is ready to be run.
Warning: Always isolate the chiller from the electrical supply when filling the tank.
Component identification photograph, KT series
(model shown is KTR)
Coolant reservoir lid
On / Off switch
Lifting handle (front)
Neon
Mains inlet
Coolant inlet connection
Issue 7.0
Coolant outlet connection
Page 8
Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
3.0 Operation
KTR models only
Connect the mains cable and switch the unit on. The neon will illuminate, and the chiller
runs automatically. KTR chillers have been configured to provide temperature stability to
±0.2°C, and the actual temperature achieved will be in the range 12°C-20°C, depending on
the load and ambient temperature. This model is designed to provide a reliable and
inexpensive alternative to tap water.
The pump in the standard version KTR6*** may require priming, simply achieved by
switching the unit on and off repeatedly until no bubbles are seen in the tank.
KTC models only
Connect the mains cable and switch the unit on, and the temperature display will
illuminate. KTC chillers have been configured to provide temperature stability to ±0.2°C,
and the actual temperature achieved will be in the range 12°C-20°C, depending on the load
and ambient temperature. This model is designed to provide a reliable and inexpensive
alternative to tap water.
The KTC includes digital coolant temperature display and high/low temperature and low
fluid level alarms. The single neon and
icon provide visual alert to the
alarm conditions:
High temperature alarm:
Preset at 15°C – neon only
Preset at 25°C – neon, buzzer* and HI warning display
Low temperature alarm:
Preset at 8°C – buzzer* and LO warning display
Low fluid alarm:
Neon and buzzer* only
* The buzzer can be muted by pressing the MUTE button on the controller.
No adjustments can be made to the factory-set cooling parameters.
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KTD models only
Connect the mains cable and switch the unit on, and after a short self-test, the temperature
controller will show coolant temperature. The KTD chiller is fitted with a high
performance 3 term PID controller, which is capable of controlling temperature to within
0.1°C of set point. The single neon, alert icon
and buzzer provide visual
and audible alarm to both high and low temperature (triggered if the temperature deviates
more than 10°C either side of the set point), and to low fluid level.
Adjusting the set point (KTD only)
There are three buttons on the controller, used to adjust the setpoint.
Whilst depressing button Ø, press button q or p to decrease or increase the setpoint
respectively.
If the set point is moved more than 10°C, the alarm may be triggered and the temperature
will then have to stabilise at the new set point before the alarm stops.. It is not possible to
set the temperature outside the preset values of -4°C and +35°C.
CAL controller error messages (KTD only)
Message displayed
Cause and correction
InPt – FAiL
Sensor has failed.
Order replacement part number EA038
Controller problem.
Switch off, then on.
If problem is persistent, order replacement
part EA055
Ambient temperature outside of permitted
range, 5°C - 40°C
Restart the controller to reset the alarm
Data – FAiL
- AL -
(At start up)
- AL -
(After changing setpoint)
- AL -
(During normal operation) Fault on system.
Issue 7.0
Refer to Troubleshooting section
Page 10
Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Fluid flow and pressure
KT chillers fitted with a 2 or 3 litre per minute pump are capable of producing up to 150
psi, because of the high pressure volumetric pump. These units are normally supplied
factory set to run at an operating pressure of 35 psi, which is suitable for most applications.
The pressure setting is controlled by an internal bypass valve, which will open above the
preset level to protect your application from higher pressures.
It is possible for customers to change the operating pressure of all K series chillers, except
KT chillers fitted with a 6 litre/minute pump1. For details of this procedure, refer to the
technician section.
4.0 Maintenance requirements, Operator
i
Caution: Failure to carry out service at the specified intervals may permanently damage
your equipment. For maintenance and service requirements for technicians, and for
troubleshooting, refer to the technician section.
Exterior cleaning: Wipe up any spillages using a damp cloth only. Do not use detergents.
Interval
Actions
Weekly
Check fluid level
Check external connections for leaks
Annually
Change the fluid
1
The 6 litre/minute pump is specially designed for low pressure applications, and the flow rate and pressure
settings cannot be changed on these units.
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Operator
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Technician
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
5.0 Technician section
Warning: Opening the refrigeration system may expose the operative to toxic and
corrosive compounds (HF). Take protective measures including suitable eye protection.
Warning: Gases may exceed 300 psi (20 bar) during operation.
Warning: All refrigerants do not support combustion and are asphyxiating gases.
Warning: After switching off, the condenser cooling fan blades continue to rotate. Do not
attempt servicing whilst the blades are rotating.
Warning: All chillers contain water and electricity in close proximity. Always ensure the
unit is isolated before service. All K series chillers are protected from over current by the
master circuit breaker. Never bypass this component.
5.1 Fluid flow and pressure adjustment
It is possible to change the operating pressure of all K series chillers, except KT chillers
fitted with a 6 litre/minute pump2 , as follows:
1. Remove the cover from the chiller, giving access to the top compartment.
2. With the chiller running, release the locking nut on the pressure relief valve.
3. Turn the valve knob anticlockwise to reduce the flow/pressure, clockwise to
increase the flow/pressure.
2
The 6 litre/minute pump is specially designed for low pressure applications, and the flow rate and pressure
settings cannot be changed on these units.
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i
Caution:
Changing the flow/pressure with the pressure relief valve will also change the preset
pressure safety setpoint. This will move to a lower pressure than the factory setting when
decreasing the flow/pressure, and to a higher pressure when increasing the flow/pressure.
i
Caution:
When the flow/pressure is manually increased by the pressure relief valve, the safety
provided by the valve will be effected at higher pressures than standard. For this reason,
please ensure that it is safe for your application to operate at pressures in excess of 35 psi.
A blockage in your application could result in the pressure exceeding the raised safety
pressure.
We recommend that pressures exceeding 60psi must never be used.
5.2 Maintenance and service requirements
i
Caution: Failure to carry out service at the specified intervals may permanently damage
your equipment.
Interval
Actions
Weekly
Check fluid level (unless checked by Operator)
Check external connections for leaks (unless checked by Operator)
Monthly
Check the condenser (air intake) is free from obstructions or accumulations of debris.
Cleaning may be achieved with a domestic vacuum cleaner with brush attachment.*
Annually
Change the fluid (unless changed by Operator)
Check for fluid leaks throughout the whole system.
Check the condenser for fouling.
i * Caution: Never blow the condenser out with compressed air.
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Technician
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
Technician
section
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
5.3 Troubleshooting
Symptom
Causes
Compressor not running,
but fan running
Is the controller displaying an alarm?
If there is no obvious cause, check…
· The condenser is clean
· Ambient temperature not above 30°C
The likely cause is the compressor’s internal protection has been activated and
should restart in five minutes.
Noisy operation /
High fluid pressure
And/or low flow
Check:
· No restrictions in the pipe work
· Pressure set too low (factory set pressure altered?)
Clean system with weak detergent solution, rinse thoroughly to remove all
detergent. Use Hexid fluid as coolant.
Fluid lines becoming
fouled brown or green
Algae contamination.
Clean system with weak detergent solution, rinse thoroughly to remove all
detergent. Replace fluid lines with black lines, if not already fitted, to inhibit
algae growth. Use Hexid fluid as coolant.
Fluid seen leaking from
system
Under high humidity conditions, fluid may appear to be leaking from the
system. This is usually just condensation, but do check for fluid leaks.
Poor cooling
Continued failure to cool may indicate high ambient temperature or excessive
load applied to the unit. Check these first
Otherwise, may be caused by blocked condenser.
Clean with soft brush or vacuum cleaner with brush attachment
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
6.0 Warranty terms and conditions
i. ATC provides a comprehensive return to base 2 year parts, 1 year labour warranty
from delivery as standard on all new K series chillers, provided that they have been
installed and operated in accordance with this manual.
ii. At the discretion of ATC, goods may be serviced on site or a service loan unit may be
supplied. Warranty cover excludes the cost of travel by engineers and loan unit rental
charges.
iii. During the first year of the warranty period, freight costs for shipping to ATC are for
the customer’s account. Freight costs for shipping from ATC are for ATC’s account.
iv. During the second year of the warranty, freight costs to and from ATC are for the
customer’s account.
Registration
The warranty registration card must be completed and returned to ATC.
This does not affect your statutory rights.
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
6.1 Return of goods procedure
If the unit is damaged during transit, or subsequently develops a fault requiring its return to
ATC, the following procedure must be followed.
1. Call the ATC service point
·
You will be issued with a Return Materials Authorisation number (‘Q number’) and a Return
Machine Declaration (RMD) form by fax. A copy of the RMD form is on the last page of this
manual.
2. Return the completed RMD form to ATC by fax, together with your purchase order
number, prior to shipment of the chiller.
3. Pack the returning item securely, enclosing a copy of the completed RMD form, and
ensure that the packaging is clearly labelled with the Q number. Neither ATC nor your
shipper will be liable for any damage incurred in transit.
4. Upon receipt of the completed RMD form, an engineer will be allocated or a service
loan unit* will be despatched if available.
* Please note that ATC will raise an invoice as part of the service loan procedure, and you
will receive a credit against this upon the safe return of the loan unit.
Address for return units:
Applied Thermal Control Ltd.
Goods Inward
Unit 14, The Courtyard
Whitwick Business Park
Stenson Road
Whitwick
Leicestershire, LE67 4JP
UK
Tel:
Fax:
+44 (0) 1530 839998
+44 (0) 1530 813786
Issue 7.0
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
6.2 Specifications
Environmental
· For indoor use only
· Altitude: up to 2000 metres
· Ambient temperature range: 4°C - 40°C
· Maximum relative humidity: 80% for ambient temperatures up to 31°C, decreasing
linearly to 50% relative humidity at 40°C ambient temperature.
· Mains supply voltage not to exceed ±10% of the nominal voltage.
· Installation Category II
· Pollution Degree 2
KTR
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
KTC
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Cooling capacity: 480 Watts at 22°C
Dimensions, height x width x depth: 515 x 315 x 315mm (20 x 12.4 x 12.4 inches)
Weight: 30kg (66lbs)
Cooling temperature range: 4°C - 30°C
Pumps available
§ High pressure volumetric type: 2litre/minute or 3litre/minute
§ Low pressure centrifugal type: 6 litre/minute
Fluid connections: ¼” BSP x 10mm (3/8”) Nickel plated brass hose tail adaptors.
Custom connections available.
Temperature stability: ±0.2°C, with stable load, dependent on stable ambient
temperature
Power requirements: 3 Amps 230V 50/60Hz, 7 Amps 115V 60Hz
Warranty: 2 years parts, 1 year labour.
Cooling capacity: 480 Watts at 22°C
Dimensions, height x width x depth: 515 x 315 x 315mm (20 x 12.4 x 12.4 inches)
Weight: 30kg (66lbs)
Cooling temperature range: 4°C - 30°C
Pumps available
§ High pressure volumetric type: 2litre/minute or 3litre/minute
§ Low pressure centrifugal type: 6 litre/minute
LED temperature display resolution: 1°C standard, 0.1°C option
Fluid connections: ¼” BSP x 10mm (3/8”) Nickel plated brass hose tail adaptors.
Custom connections available.
Temperature stability: ±0.2°C with stable load, dependent on stable ambient
temperature
Power requirements: 3 Amps 230V 50/60Hz, 7 Amps 115V 60Hz
Warranty: 2 years parts, 1 year labour.
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
KTD
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Cooling capacity: 480 Watts at 22°C
Dimensions, height x width x depth: 515 x 315 x 315mm (20 x 12.4 x 12.4 inches)
Weight: 30kg (66lbs)
Cooling temperature range: 4°C - 30°C
Pumps available
§ High pressure volumetric type: 2litre/minute or 3litre/minute
§ Low pressure centrifugal type: 6 litre/minute
LED temperature display resolution: 1°C standard, 0.1°C option
Fluid connections: ¼” BSP x 10mm (3/8”) Nickel plated brass hose tail adaptors.
Custom connections available.
Temperature stability: ±0.1°C
Power requirements: 3 Amps 230V 50/60Hz, 7 Amps 115V 60Hz
Warranty: 2 years parts, 1 year labour.
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KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
EC Declaration of Conformity
Applied Thermal Control Ltd.
Units 10 & 14 The Courtyard
Whitwick Business Park
Stenson Road
Whitwick
Leicestershire
LE67 4JP
K series chiller range (all standard configurations)
Serial Number: …………………
The equipment meets the requirements of EEC Directive 73/23/EEC
as amended by 93/68/EEC
Meets the directive on Electromagnetic compatibility
89-336-EEC Specifications EN50081-1 (1992) (Emissions)
and EN50082-1 (1992) Immunity
Signed
Norman White
Director
Issue 7.0
Gareth Hall
General Manager
Page 19
KT series chillers – Installation and Operation manual
In case of repair requirement, please complete both parts of the form, and fax to ATC
P ART 1: RETURNED MATERIAL D ECLARATION FORM
"
Returns Number: Q0_ - ___
"
Your Name and Address:
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
Your purchase order number:
…………………………………………………
"
Machine part number:
…………………………………………………
Machine serial number:
…………………………………………………
"
"
Collection for return to ATC – please tick one:
ATC to arrange shipment
Customer to arrange shipment
Reason for return:
…………………….………………………………………………………………………….
"
If faulty, list symptoms:
…………………….………………………………………………………………………….
"
Address for delivery of machine
"
(if different from 1, above):
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
Please note that a minimum non-refundable inspection fee of £60 will be charged on all equipment returned for repair with the exception of equipment still under warranty.
P ART 2: HEALTH & SAFETY DECLARATION
Machine part number:
…………………………………………………
"
Machine serial number:
…………………………………………………
"
I, ……………………., of ……………………………………., confirm that the above unit
is free from chemical, biological or nuclear hazard and that the unit presents no physical
hazard, including electrical.
"
Signed and dated:
"
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…………………………………………………
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