Segway I Series Specifications

Basic Rider Optimization Training
for the Segway™ Human Transporter (HT)
i Series, e Series and p Series models
Instructor Guide and
Participant Workbook
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 2 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Important information for e Series users
To reduce the risk of injury, all users of e Series models should first
complete training provided by a Segway authorized trainer.
The Segway HT e Series has all the same components as the Segway HT
i Series, and the following additional components and features:
>
>
>
>
A Front Bag Frame and Front Bag
A Lower Cargo Structure
Two Side Bags
An electronic parking stand, called E-Stand, that enables the e Series to balance itself (“park”)
without a rider
Please follow these recommendations:
>
>
>
>
>
>
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Charge your Segway HT for a full 12 hours before the first use.
Do not let anyone power on your Segway HT e Series Segway HT or try to engage or disengage
E-Stand, unless that person has completed training, provided by a Segway authorized trainer
Don’t let anyone step on or ride your e Series Segway HT unless that person has completed
training, provided by a Segway authorized trainer
Install the Side Bags onto the Lower Cargo Structure prior to operation
Place approximately 10 lbs (4.5 kg) in each Side Bag prior to operation
When your Segway HT e Series is parked using E-Stand, make sure no one bumps, pushes, or
leans on the Segway HT
To obtain training, or if you have any questions or if any injury incident occurs, call Segway at 1866 4SEGWAY
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 3 of 106
Notice
Copyright © Segway LLC 2002. All rights reserved.
This Workbook (including all information contained in this Workbook) is copyrighted and protected by worldwide copyright laws and
treaty provisions. This Workbook may contain other proprietary notices and copyright information that should be observed.
Segway LLC Trademarks.
Segway LLC owns a number of trademarks used in this Workbook, including Segway™ and the Segway Flyer symbol. Failure of a
mark to appear in this Workbook does not mean that Segway LLC does not use the mark, nor does it mean that the product is not
actively marketed or is not significant within its relevant market.
Disclaimer, Updates, Warnings, Safety.
The only warranties applicable to Segway LLC products are the limited warranties stated on the “Segway™ Human Transporter Limited
Warranty” delivered with the products. Segway LLC makes no other express or implied warranty. Segway LLC does not warrant
services. Segway LLC does not warrant this Workbook. This Workbook and the information stated herein is provided “as is” without any
representation or warranty, express or implied, of any kind; including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability, noinfringement,
or fitness for any particular purpose. Some jurisdictions do not allow for the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusions
may not apply to you.
This Workbook may contain inaccuracies and typographical errors. Segway LLC assumes no liability for injury or damages suffered
directly or indirectly as a result of any errors in this Workbook. Segway LLC may update this Workbook. Segway LLC will post notices of
Workbook updates at www.segway.com. Before using this Workbook, the user must check for such updates.
If a user is in doubt as to how to use a Segway LLC product, the user should contact Segway LLC Technical Support at
www.segway.com or 1-866-473-4929 with any questions.
As with any transportation device, using a Segway Human Transporter (HT) exposes the user to risk of injury. Improperly using a
Segway HT substantially increases the risk and also risks causing damage to the Segway HT. Users must comply with all warnings and
instructions contained in this Workbook, and any other user materials provided by Segway LLC, and that may be issued by Segway
LLC as updates. You can reduce that risk by following all the instructions and warnings in this Workbook, and by completing the
training, but you cannot eliminate the risk. Remembering that this risk of injury always exists should cause you to be a more careful,
safer rider.
The Segway HT's unique balancing ability and ease of use can lead you to become overconfident. If you exceed the ability of the
Segway HT to balance, such as by riding over obstacles, uneven terrain, slippery surfaces, loose materials, or steep slopes, you can
very quickly lose control, leading to collisions, falls, and injury. The Segway HT’s balancing ability depends upon traction for its tires. If
the tires lose traction, then the Segway HT will not be able to move as necessary to maintain balance. You must be very careful to
make sure that both of the tires of the Segway HT always have adequate traction.
If your instructor is not a Segway LLC employee, then the following paragraph applies:
Segway LLC provides this Workbook for use by employees of its commercial customers. The instructor who is delivering this Workbook
to you and instructing this course is not an employee or agent of Segway LLC. Segway LLC has no control over the manner or methods
used by that instructor to instruct you in the use of the Segway HT. Segway LLC is not liable for the acts or omissions of the instructor.
If you prefer to receive instruction from a Segway LLC employee or if you have any question about the safe use of the Segway HT,
contact Segway Customer Support at 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
Just as with any other transportation device, you must be mentally alert and free from physical impairment to safely ride a Segway HT.
You must be able to continually monitor your surroundings and the terrain in front of you. You must be able to maintain your lateral
(side-to-side) balance. You must be able to safely step on and step off. You must be able to comply with all the instructions and
warnings in this Workbook. Do not attempt to ride the Segway HT if you are ill or if, for any other reason, you cannot continually monitor
your surroundings and the terrain, maintain your lateral (side-to-side) balance, step on and step off, and comply fully with the
instructions and warnings in this Workbook. If you have any doubt about your ability to ride the Segway HT safely, do not attempt to ride
until you have discussed your doubts with the instructor and you and the instructor are satisfied that you can ride safely. Also, never
forget that unexpected events can happen. A person, vehicle, pet or other animal, obstacle, or unexpected terrain could appear in front
of you. You must always ride under control and be prepared to slow and stop.
If any user discovers any error in this document, the user should notify Segway Customer Support at 1-866-473-4929.
Segway LLC is a Delaware Limited Liability Company. • Printed in the U.S.A
Segway Human Transporter (HT)
Basic Rider Optimization Training
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
P/N 1707100001
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 4 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Table of Contents
> Session 1 Course Overview ........................................................................... 6
Introduction................................................................................................................................. 7
Agenda ....................................................................................................................................... 8
Group Introductions.................................................................................................................... 9
Summary .................................................................................................................................... 9
> Session 2 Specifications, Components, Theory of Operation ................. 10
Introduction............................................................................................................................... 10
Objectives................................................................................................................................. 10
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 10
Specifications ........................................................................................................................... 11
Components of the Segway HT ............................................................................................... 14
Theory of Operation ................................................................................................................. 22
Summary .................................................................................................................................. 25
> Session 3 Demonstration, Guided Ride, Skills & Drills ............................. 27
Introduction............................................................................................................................... 27
Objectives................................................................................................................................. 28
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 28
Segway HT Model Comparison................................................................................................ 29
Demonstration and Guided Ride .............................................................................................. 29
Riding Form .............................................................................................................................. 32
Parking Stand Deployment and Retraction (i Series only)....................................................... 33
Using the Keys ......................................................................................................................... 33
Stepping On – i and p Series ................................................................................................... 33
Stepping On – e Series ............................................................................................................ 34
Turning ..................................................................................................................................... 36
Loading and Unloading Cargo (e Series only) ......................................................................... 36
Drills.......................................................................................................................................... 37
Display Messages .................................................................................................................... 42
Display Colors .........................................................................................................................42
Normal Operation ....................................................................................................................43
Error Conditions During Startup ..............................................................................................43
Reduced Performance Levels.................................................................................................44
Critical Faults During Balance.................................................................................................45
System Faults..........................................................................................................................46
Display ID ................................................................................................................................. 47
Summary .................................................................................................................................. 49
> Session 4 Safety Features ........................................................................... 50
Introduction............................................................................................................................... 50
Objectives................................................................................................................................. 50
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 50
Overview of Product Design and Safety Features ................................................................... 50
Redundant Systems ................................................................................................................50
Speed Limiter ..........................................................................................................................52
Stick Shake Warning ...............................................................................................................55
Rider Detection........................................................................................................................56
Safety Shutdown .....................................................................................................................58
Torque and Traction ................................................................................................................. 59
Effect of Tire Pressure.............................................................................................................. 60
Summary .................................................................................................................................. 60
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 5 of 106
> Session 5 Agility Track – Riding Skills ....................................................... 62
Introduction............................................................................................................................... 62
Objectives................................................................................................................................. 62
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 62
Before You Ride ....................................................................................................................... 62
Agility Track .............................................................................................................................. 63
Summary .................................................................................................................................. 66
> Session 6 Maintenance and Service ........................................................... 67
Introduction............................................................................................................................... 67
Objectives................................................................................................................................. 67
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 67
Segway HT Maintenance ......................................................................................................... 67
Cleaning and Exposure to Water ............................................................................................68
If Your Mat Sticks to the HT Platform......................................................................................68
Tire Pressure...........................................................................................................................68
Batteries ..................................................................................................................................68
Replacing User-Serviceable Parts ........................................................................................... 73
Replacing the Battery Packs ...................................................................................................75
Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly ..........................................................................................76
Replacing the Mat ...................................................................................................................77
Securing or Replacing the Front Trim .....................................................................................77
Replacing the Fender ..............................................................................................................78
Replacing a Parking Stand (i Series only)...............................................................................79
Replacing the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly..................................................................80
Replacing the Fixed Grip.........................................................................................................81
Replacing the Steering Grip ....................................................................................................82
Replacing the Charge Port Cover ...........................................................................................83
Replacing the Control Shaft Clamp.........................................................................................84
Installing an Upper Frame and Bag Cargo Structure..............................................................85
Post-repair Checklist ................................................................................................................ 86
Lifting and Loading Your Segway HT....................................................................................... 86
Packing Your Segway HT for Shipment................................................................................... 86
Summary .................................................................................................................................. 87
> Session 7 Demonstrating and Guiding a Ride ........................................... 88
Introduction............................................................................................................................... 88
Objectives................................................................................................................................. 88
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 88
Tips and Techniques ................................................................................................................ 88
Demonstrating a Ride............................................................................................................... 89
Guiding a Ride.......................................................................................................................... 89
Challenging Situations.............................................................................................................. 90
Demonstration and Guided Ride Workshop............................................................................. 91
Summary .................................................................................................................................. 93
> Session 8 Course Summary ........................................................................ 94
Topics ....................................................................................................................................... 94
Ride Outside (Optional)............................................................................................................ 94
Review Goals ........................................................................................................................... 95
Evaluations ............................................................................................................................... 95
> Session 9 Written and Riding Assessments .............................................. 96
Overview................................................................................................................................... 96
Written Assessment ................................................................................................................. 97
Riding Assessment................................................................................................................. 105
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 6 of 106
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 1
Course Overview
Instructor Planning Information
Key:
Black = Participant Information
Grey = Instructor Information
Tasks and Material Checklist
Training room reserved
Reminder email to participants/ 1-day prior to training
Segway HTs charged
Tape and easel paper
Name tags
Cones, markers, and terrain features for agility track
Helmets
Wrist guards, knee and elbow pads (if applicable)
Power cords
White board and dry erase markers
First-aid kit
Basic Rider Participant Workbooks and Evaluation Forms
Demo & Guide Workshop booklets
Basic Rider Assessment Booklets and Answer Sheet
Sign-in form
Acknowledgements of completion (certificates)
Agility track props and any necessary tools (screw driver, tape, double stick tape,
screws/bolts, etc.)
2.5, 3, 4 and 5mm hex wrenches, T-20 six lobed wrench, 16mm deep socket, torque wrench
with a range up to and including 50 Newton Meters (N-m)
Course Expectations document, emailed in advance including expectation that riders will
bring their own helmets
Appropriate clothing recommendations for this training (comfortable clothing, flat shoes)
Communicate information regarding medical conditions that may affect balance:
Just as with any other transportation Segway HT, you must be mentally alert and free from physical
impairment to safely ride a Segway HT. You must be able to continually monitor your surroundings and
the terrain in front of you. You must be able to maintain your lateral (side-to-side) balance. You must be
able to safely step on and step off. You must be able to comply with all the instructions and warnings in
this Workbook. Do not attempt to ride the Segway HT if you are ill or if, for any other reason, you cannot
continually monitor your surroundings and the terrain, maintain your lateral (side-to-side) balance, step
on and step off, and comply fully with the instructions and warnings in this Workbook. If you have any
doubt about your ability to ride the Segway HT safely, do not attempt to ride until you have discussed
your doubts with the instructor and you and the instructor are satisfied that you can ride safely.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 7 of 106
Session Information
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire group
Introduce the course, set expectations, and get participants comfortable
Classroom
Icebreaker and interactive lecture
Timing
Program goals, agenda, etiquette and rider responsibility
Group Introductions, Summary and Transition
Total Time
10 min
5 min
15 min
Introduction
A strong entry is imperative – Ride in on the Segway HT. Know how you will introduce yourself and
the course before you begin speaking.
Say: Welcome to Basic Rider Optimization Training!
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>
>
Introduce yourself.
Provide background facts that prove your credibility.
Paraphrase the introduction to Segway from the paragraphs below.
Provide/explain the following information:
> Restrooms, coffee, phones, breaks
> Request that cell phones be turned off
> Beginning/ending times- confirm all will be present
> Request that they sign the sign-in form
> They should have their own helmets
> Have them put their names in their Participant Workbooks
Suggestion: Create a flip chart page with the title: “It’s OK To…ask questions, get to know your
classmates, have fun, drive carefully and responsibly, use the restroom, etc.
Segway LLC is a Manchester, NH based business founded by renowned inventor and entrepreneur
Dean Kamen to provide a solution to short-distance travel. The company has created the Segway™
Human Transporter (HT), the first self-balancing, electric-powered transporter designed to enhance
the productivity of people by increasing the distance they can travel and the amount they can carry.
Kamen’s first big breakthroughs were in the medical field; he was still in college when his brother who
is a physician complained that there was no way to easily dispense intravenous drugs to outpatients.
The result was Kamen’s portable insulin pump. Dean’s list of inventions also includes a heart stent
that keeps blood vessels open (Dick Cheney is a satisfied customer), and a shoebox-size dialysis
machine that liberates kidney patients from constant hospital visits. Then came the IBOT TM, a
sophisticated mobility aid for the physically challenged designed to climb stairs and traverse uneven
terrain. The IBOT’s amazing ability to move—and stand still—on two wheels while maintaining
balance led Kamen to create a “human transporter” (please don’t call it a scooter). (Newsweek, May
27,2002)
The Segway HT is a device that will extend and enhance your capabilities. Like all devices that give
you freedom and independence, use of the Segway HT will be optimized if you have a thorough
understanding of the Segway HT, its capabilities, and limitations. This training course is designed to
give you insight into how the Segway HT operates, what it can and cannot do.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 8 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
The Segway HT operates with the same principles of operation that humans use to walk. It can go
about as fast as a person can run. It can stop and start quickly on dry pavement. It can go up and
down slopes.
Agenda
The Segway Basic Rider Optimization Training is a four-hour program providing Segway Human
Transporter (HT) riders with an introduction to basic riding techniques, safety features-- how to
recognize and respond appropriately, overview of service procedures, and spotting techniques used
in guiding other riders.
1. 15 min/Review program goals and agenda
Company overview, company philosophy- safety, etiquette, rider responsibility
2. 20 min/Show Safety Video
3. 15 min/Segway HT parts and facts
Theory of operation
4. 30 min/Demonstrate operational model to all participants. (i and e Series together)
Guided ride/first ride for each participant. Correct posture, foot placement, stopping, moving
forward, reverse, and turning in place. Forward stop exercise – short distances, slow and
long distance, more speed, speed limiter and backward stick shake. Wide turns versus
turning in place. Maintaining lateral stability
5. 30 min/i and p Series only: 15 min. instruction/15 min. break
e Series only or combination of models for all riders: 30 min.
*More time required for stepping on, stepping off, and weight distribution with e Series
All step off, shut down.
Split i and p Series riders in one group, and e Series riders in another (2 instructors).
Use of Key, Mode Button, stepping on, stepping off, and shutting down, Power Assist Mode,
Balance Mode, turn in place with new Key, cones, controlled stops.
6. 20 min/Conduct Skills and Drills on flat and uneven terrain. Emphasize grace and control
Cones, funnel, stops, rumble strip, ramps/curbs, Power Assist Mode
Coach riders on proper techniques and behavior, and rider responsibility
7. 10 min/Safety Q&A and demonstrations as requested.
8. 20 min/Show/explain basic service procedures: check tire pressure, fill tires, remove Battery
Packs, straighten Control Shaft. Explain the hex wrenches.
Display Icon explanation
9. 30 min/Ride Outside or discuss riding techniques over various surface conditions
10. 30 min/Demonstration and Guided Ride, spotting techniques
11. 20 min/Review, General Q&A, Hand out “Review” packet. Discuss Segway Etiquette and
Safety reminders. Riders complete Safety Quiz and Accountability checklist, and hand in to
Instructor. (Instructor must collect these, and forward to Training Coordinator in Manchester.)
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 9 of 106
At the end of this course, you should be able to:
> Optimize your usage of the Segway HT in a controlled and responsible fashion. (Ride within
your capabilities. Ride within the Segway HT’s capabilities.)
> Recognize and adapt your riding technique to environments for which the Segway HT has
been designed. (Anticipate and adapt to your environment.)
> Recognize and respond to warnings and alerts from the Segway HT.
> Perform basic maintenance and service procedures.
Group Introductions
Take a moment to introduce yourself to the rest of the class.
Optional ice-breaker/confidence builder: Ask, “What do you do really well?”
The instructor should begin forming an idea of what the participant’s learning preferences are as early
as possible. Your participants will be some combination of preferences, but perhaps they respond
better or more quickly to one type of information (Auditory, Visual, Tactile, Interactive). Try to discover
if they prefer to watch, listen, read, ask, or do. Figure out if they are the type that wants to go first, or
watch others before trying something themselves.
Please tell us:
> What is your name?
> How will you use the Segway HT?
> What experience have you had to date with the Segway HT?
> What specific information do you want to take away with you from this course?
Optional Exercise— Explain phases of learning:
Unconscious
Incompetence
You don’t know what
you don’t know.
>
Conscious
Incompetence
>
You DO know what
you don’t know.
Conscious
Competence
You DO know what
you DO know.
>
Unconscious
Competence
You don’t know what
you do know.
1. Unconscious Incompetence: When something new is introduced, for example a magic
wand, and someone asks you if you know how to use it, you might say… “uh, I don’t know, I
guess so” and accidentally turn your instructor into a frog!
2. Conscious Incompetence: Continue the same analogy. You might be scared to pick up the
wand again, because you do know that you have no idea how to use it.
3. Conscious Competence: After you take a wand-training course, you learn the capabilities of
the wand, and how to turn your instructor into a frog or a billionaire. You have depth of
knowledge, and know how to use it in a repeatable way.
4. Unconscious Competence: You become fluent in your abilities. As easily as you breathe or
speak your native language, you wave your magic wand to create whatever you like without
thinking about the process.
Summary
In this overview, you learned what you will experience during this class. You will finish this course
having been given the opportunity to gain an understanding of your own capabilities, and those of the
Segway HT. Next, we’ll talk about the Segway HT and how it works.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 10 of 106
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 2
Specifications, Components, Theory of Operation
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire group
Segway HT specifications (i, e and p Series), components show and tell, dynamic
stabilization, and lateral stability.
Classroom
Visual: show components, audio: explain, tactile: hand out components for each
participant to touch.
Timing
Introduction, Objectives, Specifications
Components
Theory of Operation, Summary and Q&A
Total Time
5 min
5 min
5 min
15 min
Note: Arrange all components on table for participants to see. If you have a chassis, lay in the
Controller Board and BSA.
Introduction
In this session, you will learn the specifications for each Segway model. You will be shown the main
components of the Segway HT, and then we will discuss how the Segway HT balances.
Objectives
Upon completion of this session the rider should be able to:
> State the speed, distance, and weight capabilities of the Segway HT
> Identify the location of Segway HT components
> Discuss how the Segway HT balances forward, backward and laterally
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Specifications
> Components of the Segway HT
> Theory of Operation
> Summary
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 11 of 106
Specifications
Following are specifications for the i, p and e Series Segway HTs. The i Series is optimized for travels
on or off the beaten path—on gravel, grass, bumpy trails or gentle slopes. It can travel longer
distances and has greater stability than the p Series. The p Series is smaller, narrower, and lighter. It
is designed to operate in dense, urban environments as well as indoors. The e Series is designed for
commercial applications. Based on the i Series, it has many of the same features, with the addition of
an electronic Parking Stand that allows it to park in place without powering down.
Segway HT Model
i167 and e167
p133
Battery Pack Type
NiMH
NiMH
1
Range on a Full Charge
Make sure to review the variables that affect range, listed in the Table Footnotes at the end of this table.
Optimum range:
12 miles (19 km)
10 miles (16 km)
Typical range (good
conditions):
10 miles (16 km)
8 miles (13 km)
Typical range (varying
terrain and speed):
8 miles (13 km)
6 miles (10 km)
2
Weight Limits for Riders and Cargo
Make sure to review the weight limit information described in the Table Footnotes at the end of this table.
Maximum payload (rider
plus all cargo):
260 lbs (118 kg)
210 lbs (96 kg)
Minimum rider weight:
100 lbs (45 kg)
100 lbs (45 kg)
Maximum weight of
Handlebar cargo and
attachments:
10 lbs (4.5 kg)
10 lbs (4.5 kg)
Maximum weight of
Segway-approved side
cargo bag (each):
30 lbs (13.6 kg)
30 lbs (13.6 kg)
Platform height:
8.3 in (21 cm)
6.7 in (17 cm)
Footprint:
19 x 25 in (48 x 64 cm)
16 x 21.8 in (41 x 55 cm)
Overall height:
37 to 50 in (94 to 127 cm)
35.5 to 46.5 in (90 to 123 cm)
Weight
i Series: 83 lbs (38 kg)
e Series: 95 lbs (43 kg)
70 lbs (32 kg)
Dimensions
Operating, Charging and Storage Conditions
If you use, charge or store your Segway HT outside these conditions, you may experience reduced range, ineffective Battery
Pack charging, and damage to your Segway HT.
Operating conditions:
Temperature: 32°F to 122°F (0°C to 50°C)
Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
Altitude: Sea Level to 12,000 ft (3,658 m)
Temperature: 40°F to 122°F (4°C to 50°C)
Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
Altitude: Sea Level to 12,000 ft (3,658 m)
Optimum charging
conditions:
Temperature: 41°F to 68°F (5°C to 20°C)
Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
Altitude: Sea Level to 12,000 ft (3,658 m)
Temperature: 41°F to 68°F (5°C to 20°C)
Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
Altitude: Sea Level to 12,000 ft (3,658 m)
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 12 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Segway HT Model
i167 and e167
p133
Storage and transport
conditions (less than one
month only):
Temperature: -4°F to 122°F (-20°C to 50°C)
Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
Altitude: Sea Level to 40,000 ft (12,192 m)
Temperature: -4°F to 122°F (-20°C to 50°C)
Humidity: 5% to 95% RH
Altitude: Sea Level to 40,000 ft (12,192 m)
Turning Radius
One characteristic of a
pedestrian is the ability to
turn in place without
impacting any nearby person
or object.
Zero. The wheels can rotate in opposite
directions, enabling the Segway HT to turn
in place
By balancing on a single axle, the Segway
HT rider acts no differently than a
pedestrian, and can ride in an elevator or
narrow pathways- just as a person can walk.
Zero. The wheels can rotate in opposite
directions, enabling the Segway HT to turn
in place
The wheels can rotate in opposite
directions enabling the Segway HT to turn
in place.
Beginner Key- 6 mph (9.6 km/h)
Sidewalk Key- 8 mph (14.4 km/h)
Open Environment Key- 12.5 mph (20 km/h)
A rider can travel a mile in less than 5
minutes at top speed, but this will deplete
the Battery Level much more quickly than
traveling below the top speed of each key.
Beginner Key- 6 mph (9.6 km/h)
Sidewalk Key- 8 mph (14.4 km/h)
Open Environment Key- 10 mph (16 km/h)
3
Top Key Speeds
Steering grip sensitivity is
proportional to the Key. The
Open Environment Key
provides the fastest turning
rate, the Sidewalk Key is
about 67% as fast, and the
Beginner Key is about 50%
as fast.
Table Footnotes:
1. Range on a Battery Pack charge is affected by many variables, including:
Temperature — storing, charging and riding within the recommended temperature
parameters will improve range.
>
Rider Weight and Cargo — lighter riders with less cargo will typically get better range than
heaver riders with more cargo.
>
Tire Pressure — riding with tire pressure below the specified limit reduces range.
>
Terrain — smooth and flat terrain optimizes range; riding on hilly terrain and unpaved
surfaces decreases range.
>
Speed — consistent, moderate speed increases range; frequent acceleration and
deceleration decreases range.
>
Battery Pack Condition — properly charged and maintained Battery Packs provide greater
range; old, cold, heavily used, or poorly maintained Battery Packs provide less range.
>
Wind — tailwind increases range; headwind reduces range.
Only experienced riders riding in optimum conditions will reach the optimum range distances
stated above.
>
2. Weight Limits for Riders and Cargo
Segway sets weight limits primarily for rider safety, as well as to reduce risk of damage to the
Segway HT.
Dynamic Weight Limits
To keep the Segway HT and rider upright, the Segway HT must always have enough power to be
able to turn its wheels forward and backward. Exceeding the weight limits, especially when
combined with other variables that require more power (see list below), will increase your risk of
falling or damaging the Segway HT.
Variables that require more power include:
>
Higher payloads (weight of rider and all cargo)
>
Steeper slopes
>
Bumpier surface conditions
>
Higher speeds
>
Abrupt maneuvers
Since the Segway HT can monitor the amount of power being used, the Segway HT will limit the
speed (and potentially perform the Stick Shake Warning) in response to these variables. It is
important that all riders learn to anticipate and recognize when the Segway HT is reaching the
limits of performance.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 13 of 106
Minimum Weight Limit
The rider’s weight must not be less than 100 lbs. (45 kg). If the rider is below the minimum rider
weight limit, she may not be able to ride safely because she cannot shift her weight far enough
back (behind the centerline of the wheels) to safely slow down and stop, especially when riding
downhill. Also, riders below the minimum weight limit might fail to properly activate the Segway
HT’s balancing system.
Structural Weight Limits
Increased risk of damage to the Segway HT is another consequence of exceeding the maximum
weight limits. Heavier payloads place greater stresses on the Segway HT. Segway’s testing has
shown that the stresses created by a payload within the total payload weight limit (with any cargo
not exceeding the applicable cargo weight limits), ridden on a wide variety of terrain in
accordance with the instructions in this Workbook will not damage the Segway HT. Just like the
dynamic weight limits, several factors affect the loads transmitted to the Segway HT:
>
Skill level of the rider
>
Payload (weight of the rider and all cargo)
>
Surface condition (obstacle height, etc.)
The stresses created by exceeding the rider or cargo weight limits, especially when riding on
uneven terrain, could damage the Segway HT.
Handlebar Cargo
The total weight of any Handlebar payload plus any other attachments hanging from the
Handlebar should not exceed 10 lbs (4.5 kg). Exceeding this limit interferes with the Segway HT’s
balancing ability and could cause the Segway HT to accelerate on its own, risking injury and
damage.
Side-bag Cargo
The total weight of each Segway-approved side cargo bag should not exceed 30 lbs (13.6 kg).
Exceeding this limit interferes with the Segway HT’s balancing ability, and could cause the
Segway HT to tip over sideways, or increase the difficulty of stopping, especially when riding
downhill.
3. Top Key Speed
Top Key speed refers both to forward speed limits, and turning rate.
The ease of controlling your speed based on the riding environment is the relevant metric. The
intuitive control of a Segway HT means that in crowded pedestrian environments, the Segway HT
can easily go the speed of those around you, from zero speed to the top Key speed on any Key.
The intuitive self-balancing control and stopping ability allow a Segway HT to easily travel at the
speed that is comfortable in any environment. Unlike a bicycle or scooter, there is no minimum
speed required to maintain balance, nor is there a throttle which makes velocity difficult to control
at lower speeds.
Turning sensitivity changes depending on the key used. The most responsive turning rate is
achieved with the Open Environment Key. It is very important to ride and turn with control,
especially as you increase your top forward speed.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 14 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Components of the Segway HT
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
01.
Steering Grip
02.
Fixed Steering Grip
03.
Key Port
04.
Display Bezel
05.
Handlebar
06.
Fixed Grip
07.
Handlebar Trim
08.
Display
09.
Key
10.
Mode Button
11.
Height Adjustment Collar
12.
Control Shaft
13.
Mat
14.
Control Shaft Cord
15.
Front Trim
16.
Control Shaft Clamp Wedge (1 of 2)
17.
Cover
18.
Controller Boards
19.
Balance Sensor Assembly
20.
Parking Stand
21.
Battery Packs
22.
Motor
23.
Gearbox
24.
Fender
25.
Tire/Wheel Assembly
26.
Wheel Nut
27.
Charging Indicators
28.
Charge Port, Charge Port Cover
29.
Control Shaft Clamp Wedge (2 of 2)
30.
Control Shaft Base
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 15 of 106
Mode Button, Display and Key Port
Notes:
The Mode Button is used to transition
between Power Assist Mode and Balance
Mode, (tap) and to turn off the Segway HT
(hold down until you see a sleepy face –
approximately 2 seconds.)
The Display is designed to provide
information in easy-to understand images for
all languages. Provides information about
battery charge level, operational mode, and
alerts.
The Key Port has 3 points of contact. Make
contact with the middle point and either
outside point. Don’t push down or you will
d
th K
K P t
Steering Grip
Turn the grip to go left or right, in Balance Mode, or
back and forth in Power Assist Mode.
Notes:
The Steering Grip responds in proportion to
the amount it is twisted. The more you twist,
the faster you will turn while in Balance Mode.
For each key, the Steering Gripsensitivity is
calibrated to affect the same turning radius at
top speed. When in Power Assist Mode, the
speed at which the Segway HT moves forward
and backward when you twist the Steering
Gripdoes not change with the different Keys.
(Imagine a marching band in a row. As the row
begins to turn, the outside marcher increases
his pace, while the innermost marcher reduces
her pace. They all accomplish the same turning
radius.)
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 16 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Key
Notes:
There are three types of Keys- each
has a different top speed when riding
forward:
> Beginner Key (6mph /10 km/h)
> Sidewalk Key (8 mph / 13 km/h)
> Open Environment Key (12.5 mph /
19 km/h) for the i and e Series
Models, and 10 mph / 13 km/h for
the p Series Model.
There is a 64-bit ID-encoded number on
each key for security. This is similar to a
password, and can be directly read
from the key. There are
18,000,000,000,000,000,000 (not a
typo!) unique combinations.
Control Shaft, Height Adjustment Collar and Control Shaft Base
Notes:
Adjust the height with the Height Adjustment
Collar. DO NOT over-tighten the Height
Adjustment Collar. Just make it snug.
The Height Adjustment Collar does not “fix” a
Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly that twists. If
the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly is twisting
right and left, loosen the Control Shaft Clamp
bolt, lay the Handlebar against the floor to
straighten, make sure the Control Shaft is fully
inserted into the top of the Control Shaft Base to
protect from water damage, then tighten the bolt
holding the clamp with the Hex wrench provided.
The Control Shaft Base houses a charge port
capable of handling input voltage range between
100v and 240v, 50-60Hz and current draw on input
is 1.4 amps. Use an adapter for different countries’
plug configurations.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 17 of 106
Platform and Rider Detect Sensors
Notes:
Four rubber diaphragms (Rider Detect
Sensors) are injection-molded into the
Platform. When you step on the Platform,
rubber diaphragms deflect down into the
control electronics below and the selfbalancing systems engage. This creates a
wireless rider detection system and gives the
sensors equal ability to detect the absence
and presence of a user.
The Segway HT needs to see three or more
sensors deflected to operate in Balance Mode
with full functionality. If you depress only one
or two sensors, the Segway HT will perform in
reduced functionality by limiting forward
speed.
Motors
Notes:
Each wheel is independently driven by
redundant, high-speed electric Motors that
produce no emissions. Our brushless DC
motors are maintenance-free, and employ
computer technology to precisely regulate
motion.
The motors have been tested to power levels
of two horsepower.
Redundancy: Each motor is wound as two
separate electrical circuits, capable of
independent operation, acting as one
mechanical entitiy. (Show the two connection
points on the motor if you have a sample.)
If one part of a motor fails, the other part
continues to operate long enough to bring you
safely to a stop. The Segway HT will perform a
Safety Shutdown. You have approximately 10
seconds before the Segway HT powers off.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 18 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Gearboxes
Notes:
The Gearboxes have a 25:1 gear
ratio that allows the motors to spin at
a higher, more efficient speed.
Designed to withstand rugged
commercial applications.
Custom developed to be very quiet
and integrate into the indoor
environment.
Battery Packs, Charge Port and Charging Indicators
Notes:
Currently, all Segway HTs ship with NiMH
(Nickel Metal Hydride) Battery Packs.
> Range for an i or e Series Model is
between 8 and 12 miles (13 and 19 km),
and for a p Series Model; between 6 and
10 miles (10 and 16 km)
> Recharge time – 6 hours from empty
> Costs less than 10 cents per charge.
> 300 to 500 full charge/discharge cycles
There are two Charging Indicators – left for
the front Battery Pack and right for the rear
Battery Pack. “F” and “R” are marked on the
LED window. The Charging Indicators should
be green. They may be blinking slowly,
blinking quickly, or solid. If either Charging
Indicator is red, there is something wrong
with the Battery Pack.
Close the Charge Port Cover to keep out
dust and contaminants.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 19 of 106
Controller Boards
Notes:
The Controller Boards receive input from
the gyroscopes and other sensors to
evaluate performance and operating
conditions. They also monitor battery
condition during operation.
The Controller Boards send commands to
the Motors based on information received
from the steering control, gyroscopes and
other sensors.
Redundancy: The two Controller Boards
work in concert and are interchangeable
(but not user-serviceable). Each has the
ability to assume full responsibility for
operation should there be a malfunction in
its counterpart. In the case of a Controller
Board failure, the Segway HT will continue
operation for approximately 10 seconds
while it performs a Safety Shutdown.
Balance Sensor Assembly
Notes:
The Balance Sensor Assembly (BSA) is
composed of gyroscopes and tilt sensors. The
BSA determines the orientation of the Segway
HT relative to the direction of gravity. The BSA
communicates with the Controller Boards to
keep you balanced.
The tilt sensors check each other continuously.
If you perform activities which result in jostling of
the tilt sensors to a point at which the Segway
HT is unable to assess whether or not it is
balancing correctly, the Segway HT will activate
the speed limiter and display the icon indicating
reduced performance. The Segway HT will
return to normal operation when the transient
inputs have been diminished.
Redundancy: There are five gyroscopes
(angular rate sensors), each oriented in such a
way that any angular motion (pitch/roll/yaw) of
the Segway HT will be sensed by at least two
gyroscopes.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 20 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Fenders
Notes:
The Fenders are manufactured from an
unpainted resin that is scratch resistant. They
cover the wheels to protect clothing and reduce
splatter in wet conditions.
To protect fenders, always stand in front
(Handlebar side, not Platform side) of the
Segway HT when using Power Assist Mode to
negotiate curbs/stairs. This provides greater
clearance.
When changing wheels, or lifting the Segway
HT, keep your hands clear of the space
between wheels and fenders.
Parking Stand (i Series only)
Notes:
There is no Parking Stand on the e or p Series
Segway HTs – only on the i Series model.
Remember: Using the Parking Stand should be
the FIRST and LAST activity in the operational
model. The Parking Stand is not designed to
bear a rider’s weight. Standing on the Segway
HT with the Parking Stand deployed will likely
result in breaking the Parking Stand. If the
Parking Stand is deployed while riding the
Segway HT, it is designed to break rather than
endanger the rider by obstructing movement.
Replacement requires removing the Tire/Wheel
Assembly, the Fender, and the Mat.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 21 of 106
Tires and Wheels
Notes:
The tires are produced by Michelin and
are designed to maximize range with low
rolling resistance. The low-pressure tires
provide a comfortable ride. They are
manufactured using a non-marking,
silica-based compound for use on floors
and rugs with no damage. The tires are
tubeless
Recommended pressure is as follows:
i and e Series: 15 psi (103 kPa) to 22 psi
(152 kPa), depending on payload
weight. Increase the psi (kPa) as you
increase payload weight.
p Series: 22 psi (152 kPa).
Tire and wheel assembly comes
together. This is a user-replaceable part
Component Review
Ask some/all of the questions below to ensure retention/comprehension of the content. Feel free to
throw in some of your own questions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
How do you turn off the Segway HT?
How do you change from Balance Mode to Power Assist Modes?
Explain how the Steering Grip works.
Describe the different Keys.
How do you adjust the height of the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly? Would I do the same
thing if my Handlebar were twisted?
How many Rider Detect Sensors are there? How many are needed for normal operation?
How many motors are there? What does “dual redundant” mean?
What happens if one of the motor components malfunctions?
List conditions which affect charge/range.
How can you tell your Battery Packs are charging?
Can you put the front Battery Pack in the rear and vice versa?
How many Controller Boards are there?
If one Controller Board has a malfunction, what happens?
How do the Controller Boards, balance sensor assembly and motors interact?
How many gyros? How many tilt sensors? Why so many? What happens in the event of a
malfunction?
Tires are low pressure or high pressure?
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 22 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Theory of Operation
The Segway HT uses a technology called dynamic stabilization. When you lean forward, the
Segway HT moves forward. When you lean backward, the Segway HT moves backward. The
sensations of movement are similar to those that people experience everyday while walking.
Ask participants to stand, and move away from the table. Explain that, while stationary, their center of
gravity is over their contact patches (feet). Describe contact patch as the part of you or the Segway
HT that is in contact with the ground. Show how a larger contact patch is more stable than a smaller
one by standing on your toes. An analogy you can use to describe a large contact patch and a small
one is to compare the surface of your entire foot against the ground versus just standing on your toes.
Explain that humans dynamically stabilize by moving their contact patch beneath their center of
gravity. Ask everyone to take a step forward and notice their feet dynamically change position to keep
them balanced. Compare the Segway HT’s wheel movement to a person’s feet, when you change the
center of gravity.
Ask the participants to stand on one foot only and balance. Ask if they can feel their grounded foot
correcting to keep them balanced. Explain that it is this type of input that the Controller Boards and
BSA receives and uses to maintain balance- just as a person’s brain takes the input when standing
on the ground.
Note: The instructor should observe the participants to see if anyone has trouble balancing on one
foot, and if so, how much trouble. Trouble balancing could be an indication that the participant
will have difficulty controlling his/her center of gravity on the Segway HT, and may need extra
attention.
Ask participants to take their seats.
Dynamic Stabilization
Many objects balance statically. A coffee table remains balanced by maintaining a wide stable base,
and keeping a low center of gravity. If you lengthened the legs, you would raise the center of gravity
and increase its “tippiness.” Or, if you removed one of four legs, you would destabilize the table, and
it would no longer balance.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Humans are unique because they
balance dynamically. In order for a
human to stay balanced while moving,
she has to keep her center of gravity,
which is high over her base (contact
patch), which is narrow.
Page 23 of 106
The contact patch on
the Segway HT is the
part of the wheel that is
in contact with the riding
surface (i.e., ground,
rug, pavement, slope).
The Segway HT has no throttle or brake
controls, and responds to your every
move as if it were an extension of your
body. As you lean forward, the Segway
HT detects this and drives the wheels
as needed to keep you upright while
moving forward.
Stand up straight (center of gravity over
the contact patch), and the Segway HT
slows to a stop. Once stopped, leaning
back also allows you to move
backwards.
The Segway HT can balance in place,
allowing you to stand motionless by
detecting minute changes in balance
and instantly responding. There is no
need to step off the Segway HT when
stopped.
When commanded, the Segway HT can
rotate one wheel forward and one
backward, turning in place.
The basic notion of dynamic stabilization is that the wheels produce torque when the Platform is not
level. If the Platform is tipped forward, the wheels drive forward. If it is tipped back, the wheels drive
back. During normal operation, this has the effect of keeping the Platform level. The tilting of the
Platform is transient – on average, the Platform stays level.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 24 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
The rider uses the transient tilting to accelerate and decelerate. The rider causes acceleration by
placing the center of gravity of the system (rider + Segway HT) forward or aft of the contact patch.
The operator causes deceleration by moving the center of gravity opposite to the previous position
with relation to the contact patch. (For example, move the center of gravity behind the contact patch,
if it was forward, or vice versa.)
When moving forward, I reorient my center of gravity aft of the contact patch to decelerate. When
moving backward, I reorient my center of gravity forward of the contact patch to decelerate. In both
cases, if I do NOT transition my center of gravity directly over the contact patch at the point when I
am almost stopped, I will simply begin to accelerate again in the new direction.
To remain stationary, once stopped, the center of gravity needs to be directly over the contact patch.
Exercise: Ask participants stand.
Say, “Your feet are contact patches—they are making contact with the ground. Now, move
your and dynamically stabilizing. You got it— just like the Segway HT does when you are
riding it!
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 25 of 106
Lateral (side-to-side) Stability
Above, we discussed dynamic stabilization as the technological principle that the Segway HT uses
to balance forward and backward. In contrast, the Segway HT does not dynamically stabilize laterally.
Ask: “Does the Segway HT provide any lateral stability?” The answer is YES, but only statically. It
doesn’t move side-to-side dynamically to maintain balance. The rider has to do that! (I usually
push a chair over to illustrate how, statically, the chair was maintaining lateral stability just fine,
but dynamically, it was not able to correct. Now, if I sat in the chair, and tilted it to the side, then
used my legs and body to tilt it back on its base, I would be acting as a dynamic stabilizer- the
same way I have to when I am on the Segway HT.
Dynamic stabilization technology balances the Segway HT forward and backward. The rider must
maintain dynamic lateral stability (side-to-side).
This rider is demonstrating correct body
position. Note how the rider bends one knee
more than the other to lean into the turn.
This rider is demonstrating incorrect body
position. The rider is not leaning into the turn.
Correct body position
Incorrect body position. Avoid any surface
that can result in lateral instability.
When riding over uneven terrain, you should maintain a body position that puts your center of
gravity over the center of the Platform. Do this by “absorbing” the difference in height with
relaxed, bent knees and arms.
Summary
Over the course of this training, you will be learning how to use the Segway HT.
> Do not perform any operation with the Segway HT until directed by your instructor.
> Do not ride in any area without approval from your instructor.
> If you are uncomfortable with any operation or maneuver, STOP and ask for assistance.
Individual Learning Curves
Your classmates will all learn at different rates. The most important part of this training is for you to
understand YOUR capabilities and limitations with the Segway HT. Your good judgment and
proficient skills are what make the Segway HT productive and safe.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 26 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
The Mantra: Calm, Controlled, Courteous
You control the safe operation of the Segway HT. Your judgment, and awareness of your
surroundings are essential to a safe, enjoyable experience.
> Scan the environment ahead of you and the surface you are negotiating. The faster you are
moving, the farther ahead you must scan.
> Maintain awareness of your surroundings.
> Maintain good posture – keep your arms and legs relaxed and flexed.
> Slow down for pedestrians – pass slowly and courteously.
> Slow down for corners and cross paths.
> Recognize and respond to the Segway HT safety alerts.
Demonstrate Segway Etiquette
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
Respect pedestrians by yielding the right of way to them in all cases.
Avoid surprising pedestrians. When approaching from behind, announce yourself and slow down
when passing.
When approaching a pedestrian from the front, slow down.
In heavy pedestrian traffic, slow down and proceed at the pace of sidewalk traffic. Pass only if
there is ample space to do so safely.
Do not park your Segway HT in a way that blocks pedestrian traffic.
Do not perform tricks or stunts.
Cross a road at designated crosswalks or signaled intersections. Do not jaywalk/ride.
Never take passengers on your Segway HT. It is designed for one rider at a time.
Ask: “Who has a question?”
Optional:
> Review the concepts of contact patch and center of gravity
> Review how the Segway HT balances
> Ask someone to contrast dynamic and static, pitch versus roll.
> Ask about Segway Etiquette, and why it is important.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
>
Page 27 of 106
Session 3
Demonstration, Guided Ride, Skills & Drills
Who.
Entire group. Go over preliminary information in classroom. Then, drill riders on a variety
of maneuvers to promote riding competence. Optional: If there are more than 6
participants, split into two groups. One group stays in the classroom to do Display ID, and
the other group goes out for their first ride.
What.
Segway HT Model Comparison, Display Icons, and Guided Ride
Where.
Classroom and Riding Space
Method.
Lecture, self-paced exercise in dyads, observation and experiential learning
Timing
Introduction and Objectives
Segway HT Model Comparison
Demonstration and Guided Ride
Drills
Display ID
Summary and Q&A
Total Time
5 min
5 min
15min
40 min
20 min
5 min
1 hour, 30 min
Introduction
In this session, riders will have their first experience on the Segway HT and learn to operate the
Segway HT independently on flat ground. Additionally, they will be introduced to the sounds, icons
and colors in the Display.
Explain the following information:
Review the entire operational model with the class using the white board, or a Segway HT, to show
participants what to expect on their first ride.
> You will find the Segway HTs plugged in (i Series only, Parking Stand may be deployed).
> Unplug the Segway HT and retract the Parking Stand (i Series only).
> Instructor will start each Segway HT with a Beginner key, and instruct the participant to put the
Segway HT into Balance Mode by tapping the Mode Button.
> Instructor will brace each Segway HT individually while each rider steps on.
> After some riding exercises, the rider will step off, while the instructor braces the Segway HT.
> Rider will turn off Segway HT, deploy Parking Stand (i Series only), and plug in.
Initially, the instructor will guide participants through each step. Over time, the instructor will transition
to a coaching role in order to encourage participants to become independent Segway HT operators.
As instructor sees fit, send individual riders – those who you believe might be ready for some
unstructured riding time - to ride in a defined or coned area. This will allow you to spend time with
other riders who might need more one-on-one help during this session.
If there is no assistant and you send riders for unstructured riding time in a controlled environment,
make sure they are in your sight and that they know they can ALWAYS call for help.
At the end of the session the group will discuss questions or difficulties they encountered as well as a
summary of the session.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 28 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Objectives
Upon completion of the First Ride the rider should be able to:
> Interpret the meaning of Display icons by referencing the training materials
> Identify and explain Power Assist and Balance Modes
> Step on and off the Segway HT with guidance
> Perform straight line maneuvers: forward and reverse
> Stop the Segway HT on command
> Turn the Segway HT 360° in its own footprint, both right and left
> Ride the Segway HT around an oval maintaining speed control and executing gentle turns
Upon completion of the Skills & Drills the rider should be able to:
> Retract Parking Stand properly (i Series only)
> Turn Segway HT on and off
> Step on and step off from the Segway HT without guidance
> Change from Balance to Power Assist without guidance
> Walk with Segway HT in Power Assist Mode.
> Stop on command
> Ride on flat ground without guidance
> Turn smoothly on command and without hesitation as well as in response to terrain features
> Lean while turning
> Ride on flat ground
> Interpret meanings of the Display icons
In addition, riders on e Series models should be able to:
> Move an e Series model in and out of E-Stand
> Distribute weight correctly in bags on an e Series model
> Understand Rider Detection and E-Stand behavior
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Segway HT Model Comparison
> Demonstration and Guided Ride
> Riding Form
> Parking Stand Deployment and Retraction (i Series only)
> Key Choice
> Stepping On
> Turning
> Loading and Unloading Cargo (e Series only)
> Drills
> Display Messages
> Summary
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 29 of 106
Segway HT Model Comparison
When entering Balance Mode, you need to orient i and p Series models differently from the e Series.
> i and p Series: Platform is level
> e Series: Control Shaft is vertical (perpendicular to the ground)
Rider detection behaviors are different for the i and p Series models, than the e Series model.
> i and p Series: From a stationary position in Balance Mode, with no rider on, moves
approximately three feet, stick shakes, then transitions to Power Assist Mode.
> e Series: In Balance Mode with no rider on, engages E-Stand. May move approximately three
feet and stick shake.
The i and p Series models react differently from the e Series model in the following circumstances:
> When released from a stationary position while in Balance Mode
> When entering Balance Mode
If the Segway HT is in Balance Mode with no rider on, and is released from a stationary position::
i and p Series
The Segway HT will move approximately three feet, stick shake and
transition to Power Assist Mode. DON’T DO THIS! The Segway HT will not
stay stationary unless blocked.
e Series
The Segway HT will transition to E-Stand, and stay in place (E-Stand), as
long as it is released correctly.
The Segway HT must be powered on to engage either Balance Mode or Power Assist Mode.
To transition to Balance Mode::
i and p Series
Make sure the Platform is level, and then tap the Mode Button.
e Series
Make sure the Control Shaft is vertical (perpendicular to the ground), and
then tap the Mode Button.
Demonstration and Guided Ride
After you watch the instructor demonstrate the Segway HT’s functions and capabilities, you will ride
the Segway HT.
Important: Physically block the back of the Platform to restrict the rider’s ability to step onto the
Segway HT prematurely, and/or explain that riders are not to step on the Segway HT until
expressly instructed.
Part I—Demonstration
The Instructor will perform or instruct the participant to perform the steps in the operational model.
1. After checking the Charging Indicators to ensure that the Segway HT has been charging,
unplug the Segway HT.
2. Retract the Parking Stand (i Series only).
3. Turn the Segway HT on. Use Beginner Key for the first ride. No need to explain the different
keys at this point.
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4. Check battery charge level, and explain how the segments around the perimeter of the
Display blink and disappear to indicate the level (a detailed explanation of the Battery Packs
and charging will take place in the Segway HT Maintenance session).
5. Adjust Control Shaft height.
6. Show how, by tapping the Mode Button, the Segway HT transitions from Power Assist Mode
to Balance Mode.
a. i Series—make sure Platform is level
b. e Series—make sure Control Shaft is vertical
7. Demonstrate the left/right motion induced by twisting the Steering Grip while in Balance Mode
8. Demonstrate the proper form when stepping on
a. i Series—Place both hands on the Grips. Make sure to not twist the Steering Grip.
Step on with one foot. Listen for tone. Step on with other foot.
b. e Series— With the Segway HT in E-Stand,
>
Explain Rider Detect Sensors and how depressing them causes the e Series to
level the HT, to make stepping on easier for the rider.
>
Gently guide HT toward you on a level plane from beneath the grips or, hold the
Control Shaft and guide the Segway HT toward you until the Platform is level.
Step on with one foot, listen for the tone and wait one second while the Platform
levels beneath your foot, then step on with your other foot; or
>
Activate the Rider Detect Sensors by gently placing one foot flat on the Platform,
wait one second until Platform levels, then step on with other foot. Be careful to
step in the center of the Platform. Do NOT step on the back or front of the
Platform, because the Segway HT will respond by moving its wheels beneath the
center of gravity.
9. Demonstrate moving forward, backward, turning and staying stationary.
10. Show leaning turns by riding once around an oval
11. Stop. Step off. Explain that each participant will now have a chance to ride.
Part II—Guided Ride
The instructor should position him/herself in front of the Segway HT with a firm grip on the Handlebar
or Control Shaft (or both). Invite the first rider to stand before the Platform. This will be a serial
exercise—one rider at a time on one Segway HT.
Important: Reiterate that riders are not to step on the Segway HT until expressly instructed.
1. Adjust the Control Shaft height to a position between the rider’s waist and hips. Arms and
legs should be slightly bent.
2. Instruct rider to stand to beside the Segway HT with feet clear of the Platform, and hold the
Handlebar, to feel the Segway HT in Balance Mode.
3. Instruct the rider to maintain a hold on the Handlebar, and tap the Mode Button to change
from Balance Mode to Power Assist Mode. Then, tap the Mode Button again to change back
to Balance Mode.
4. Ask the rider to describe the Display (a green smiling face and moving vertical line).
5. Ask the rider to check that the Segway HT is in Balance Mode by slowly moving the
Handlebar forward and back, and making sure the wheels respond.
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6. Instructor should brace the Handlebar/Control Shaft, and instruct rider to:
a. Hold grips with both hands (For the e Series model, the instructor may choose to
level the Platform for the rider, so it is similar to getting on an i Series model)
b. Look ahead
c. Slowly step with one foot onto Platform, centering your foot on the Platform.
Centering your foot is especially important on the e Series model, to limit the Platform
movement when the Rider Detect Sensors are activated.
d. For e Series models, make sure the rider understands the Rider Detect Sensors, and
expects the Segway HT to level the Platform when they are depressed.
7. Have rider step onto Platform with other foot. Maintain firm hold. It is common for the rider to
oscillate. If this happens, do the following:
a. Keep holding firmly.
b. Ask him to try to relax and stand still, as you hold the Segway HT still.
c. Assess whether the Segway HT is pushing toward you or away:
Pushing toward you indicates that the rider is leaning too far forward, or that the
rider’s feet are too far forward. Have her shift weight, feet, or both backward. Pulling
away from you indicates the opposite.
d. Emphasize that the rider controls movement by shifting her weight.
e. Explain that oscillation is common because the brain is not used to having something
else balance for you. If the rider oscillates, ask her to step down off the Segway HT
once you have stabilized it. Ask her to step back on, but trust that the Segway HT will
balance. The rider’s confidence and stability may improve.
f. Encourage the rider to trust the Segway HT, and relax her hands, shoulders, arms
and knees.
8. Check position of feet, and ensure that feet are placed in such a way that the rider can
remain stationary. Ideal foot position depends on the rider’s body type, not necessarily on
foot position. In some cases, the rider’s feet may be positioned further forward or back on the
Mat in order to remain stationary.
9. Check rider posture – bent knees, relaxed shoulders. A rider may begin turning the Segway
HT accidentally, as a result of a tight grasp on the Steering Grip. The instructor must hold the
Segway HT firmly so it doesn’t move forward or backward, and make the rider stop twisting
the Steering Grip.
10. Observe hands – Look for white knuckles and clenched hands. Instruct the rider to use “light
hands” or a “gentle grip” Explain that the Handlebar is only a place to rest your hands- not
intended as a lever to move the Segway HT forward or backward.
11. While lightly holding the Handlebar /Control Shaft, instruct the rider to roll slowly forward and
backward a short distance in both directions, until he finds “neutral” on the Segway HT.
Explain that when the rider can find a position centered over the wheels, the Segway HT will
remain stationary.
12. Step to the Steering Grip side of the Segway HT, and instruct the rider to move forward and
backward at a controlled speed.
Note: Evaluate the rider’s ability: Over-zealous/under-skilled? Timid? Physically challenged?
Awkward? Determine the cause of any riding difficulty and correct.
13. Instruct the rider to GENTLY twist the Steering Grip without moving forward or backward.
Encourage the rider to turn a full 360° in place, both directions without moving forward or
backward.
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Explain: “Now, we’ll take a turn around the cones. I want you to remember three things every
time you ride: “Calm, Controlled, Courteous.” This is the mantra we would like
running through the mind of every rider on a Segway HT!
14. Walk beside the rider and direct her to maintain speed control, as she rides around the
cones.
15. Ask the rider to stop.
16. Stand in front of Segway HT, and grip the Handlebar/Control Shaft firmly.
17. Instruct the rider to step down, off the Platform, as if stepping off a stair or steep ladder.
Repeat all of above for next rider.
Maintain a position of control at all times by walking beside the Segway HT within a bent-arm’s
length of the Handlebar/Control Shaft.
Reinforce proper stance, foot position and light hands.
Riding Form
Your posture and stance have a significant effect on your ability to handle various terrain features and
surface conditions.
>
Be alert and look ahead – your eyes are a
valuable tool for handling terrain features
and uneven terrain.
>
Look ahead but maintain the ability to see
the Display when glancing down.
>
Keep your legs and arms loose – this
helps you absorb vibration or bumps. Do
not lock your knees.
>
Use a light grip on the Handlebar, don’t
hold too tightly – expect some side-to-side
motion on bumpy terrain.
>
Don’t lean over or into the Handlebar.
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Parking Stand Deployment and Retraction (i Series only)
Tilt the Segway HT back toward you to give clearance
for the Parking Stand to retract or deploy.
Remember, your Parking Stand should NEVER be
deployed when the power is on. Do not start the
Segway HT or stand on it until the Parking Stand is
retracted.
Using the Keys
Make contact between the metal pad on the key and
the center contact and one outside contact. Do NOT
push down to make contact as this can result in
damage to both the Key and the Key Port. Instead, rest
the Key in a Key Port until you hear the tone indicating
that contact has been made.
Remove the Key when you hear the tone or see the
Display light up.
Stepping On – i and p Series
Ready
> Segway HT is turned on.
> The Mode Button has been
pressed to enter Balance
Mode.
>
>
>
>
>
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Step on
Look at the Display to make
sure it has a green smiling
face.
Hold the Grips (do not twist
the Steering Grip)
Put one foot on the Platform.
Listen for the tone.
Put other foot onto Platform.
>
Ride
Look ahead.
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Stepping On – e Series
The e Series Segway HT has been designed for operators who need to carry cargo and who need to
get on and off without turning off the Segway HT. These features are combined into a feature called
the “ E-Stand” or electronic Parking Stand.
Ready
> Segway HT is turned on.
> The Mode Button has been
pressed to enter Balance
Mode.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Step on
Make sure Display is green and smiling.
1. Gently pull Segway HT back until
Platform is level.
2. Put one foot on the Platform.
3. Listen for the tone.
4. Put other foot onto Platform
------------OR--------------1. Place hands on hand grips, but
don’t push or pull
2. Gently place one foot onto
Platform to activate Rider Detect
Sensors.
3. Listen for the tone and wait for
Platform to level itself.
4. Put other foot onto Platform.
----------------------------------Keep the Steering Grip centered
>
Ride
Look ahead.
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The e Series Segway HT has two operating functions while balancing: E-Stand and Ride.
E-Stand
Ride
The operation of the e Series Segway HT is different from the i and p Series Segway HT in the
following ways:
> Stepping on - Entry to Balance Mode for riding
> Stepping off - Entry to E-Stand Mode
To step off, the rider steps down, off the Platform, one foot at a time. The rider must hold onto the
Segway HT until the Segway HT shifts into E-Stand, then gently release the Segway HT.
Option: If you have trouble releasing into E-Stand when holding the Grips, transfer your hold to the
Control Shaft, and release the Segway HT into E-Stand from that hold.
>
>
The rider must hold onto the Segway HT until it is in E-Stand (park).
Instructor: Holding the Control Shaft while the rider steps off an e Series Segway HT can
mitigate undesirable movement accidentally delivered by the rider.
Failure to hold onto the Segway HT will result in the Segway HT moving unexpectedly.
It is possible to use the E-Stand on uneven surfaces.
On a hill, in order to engage E-Stand, you must turn the
Segway HT to face perpendicular to the direction of the
slope (across the “fall-line”).
Wind creates the same affect as a hill. Turn the
Segway HT perpendicular to the wind, so it will not be
blown backward or forward.
Important: The e Series Segway HT uses specially designed bags for proper weight distribution and
requires those bags for proper, safe operation. Never operate an e Series Segway HT
without the Segway cargo bags. Do not use any other bags than those specifically
designed for the Segway HT.
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Turning
It is important to lean into turns, because the
rider must provide dynamic lateral stability to
the Segway HT. Leaning into the turn improves
lateral stability.
Loading and Unloading Cargo (e Series only)
There are three bags on the e Series Segway HT. The recommended cargo loading for the bags is:
Front Bag
10 lbs (4.5 kg) maximum
Side Bags
30 lbs (13.6 kg) maximum per bag
Just like a person, a balancing Segway HT may move slightly when cargo is removed or added.
>
>
>
>
>
The front bag should only be used for lightweight items - An overloaded front bag can negatively
impact the balancing system and make it difficult to use E-Stand.
Place heavier items in the side bags.
Add and remove large items slowly.
Always load the front bag last, and unload it first, to make balancing the Segway HT in E-Stand
easier.
Since the e Series model tilts back when engaging E-Stand, your cargo, particularly in the side
bags, can shift. Shifting cargo can make E-Stand difficult to engage. Secure your cargo inside the
bags.
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Drills
Following is a description of the drills you will practice in this session.
The instructor will demonstrate the skills and then ask participants to practice each skill.
Participants will have only ridden on a Beginner Key (black).
Before continuing, you will need to spend a few minutes with each participant, in order to transition
him to a Sidewalk Key (Yellow). You will need to take one-on-one time with each participant as you to
introduce the participant to the faster steering control.
Have each rider turn in place with the new Key. Start slowly, then ask them to try turning with full
input to the Steering Grip so they are aware of the full turning potential. Then, ask them to jerk the
Steering Grip, as though they had done it accidentally. This shows the rider the resultant motion when
erratically twisting the Steering Grip. Emphasize that steering should be handled smoothly and gently.
The rider should not steer to avoid an obstacle; instead, he should slow down, and then turn.
Drill #1: Operational Model
1.
Parking stand retracted (i Series only)
a.
Set up Segway HTs in a line in an open space. Segway HTs should be off with Parking
Stand deployed.
b.
Ask each participant to stand behind a Segway HT.
c.
Demonstrate how to retract Parking Stand. Discuss that no one should ever stand on a
Segway HT with a deployed Parking Stand – it will break, as it is intended to break for
safety reasons.
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d.
2.
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Ask the participants to retract and deploy the Parking Stand
Turn on the Segway HT.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Instruct riders to start Segway HT with Sidewalk Key
Provide tips (don’t push key in, tip it sideways to make contact with center and edge, twist
key around the port.)
Show the riders how to properly make key contact with the center and one outside contact
point on the Handlebar port – best achieved by making sure that the key is parallel to the
port upon contact.
Explain that the key should be parallel to the port. Another method is to tilt the key, and
see that the edge touches the center and one outside contact. With this method, it is
easier to see the contact being made.
Instruct riders not to press the key in too hard. Explain that this could ruin the key and or
the connector. If riders find themselves thinking they need to press hard, let them know
that it does not necessarily activate due to pressure, but rather due to the contact points.
Instruct riders to rotate the key until contact is made with the connectors.
3.
Tap Mode Button to change from Power Assist to Balance Mode.
a.
Stand with each rider down the line as they turn on their Segway HT. Once the Segway
HT is on, ask them to tap the Mode Button once to put the Segway HT into Balance Mode.
b.
Work your way down the line until each rider has had the opportunity to turn on their
Segway HT in front of you – and you should guide them as to how to put the Segway HT
into Balance Mode from Power Assist Mode (for this first time, particularly because some
riders may need more help if they are riding an e Segway HT).
c.
Have each rider concentrating on standing in place while on the Segway HT as you walk
down the line with other rider. They can also practice stepping on and stepping off.
4.
Check Display to ensure green smiling icon is showing and battery charge level is full enough for operation.
5.
Step on the Segway HT using following procedures:
a.
b.
Stand at each Segway HT as the rider steps on for the first time.
Instruct the rider to twist the Steering Grip while remaining in place, to expose her to the
advanced steering sensitivity on the new Key.
i and p Series - Hold both grips. Step on with one foot, wait for tone, then step up with the other foot.
e Series Option 1: Grasp Segway HT gently holding both grips, pull Segway HT toward you on a horizontal
plane, bring toward you until Platform is level, but NOT leaning down away from you.
Don’t twist or pull the Handlebar up or down. Step on with one foot, wait for tone, then
place other foot on the Platform.
Option 2:
c.
d.
e.
f.
Hold Grips, but don’t push or pull. Step on with one foot, wait one second until Platform
levels, wait for tone, then step on with other foot
After each participant is on the Segway HT, stand in front of the group (they should be in
a line) and ask them to face you and stand still. (If there is a participant who seems
uncomfortable or unstable on the Segway HT, please make sure that you communicate
with her individually. You may need to stand with her while going through these exercises.
Demonstrate to the group that there is a difference between stepping back and moving
backwards – but show them that it can be a subtle difference. Stand on the Segway HT so
that the group in line can see your profile. Show how you lean to move backwards. Show
how you don’t lean but step DOWN off Segway HT. Tell riders to keep the Platform level
and not to pull back on the Handlebar as they are stepping down.
Ask participants to slowly move backwards so that they can feel what you mean about
moving backwards. Ask them to move forwards and return to their line formation.
Instruct the participants to drop their left hands by their sides. Explain that this is helpful in
stepping off (for beginners) as it helps to shift a rider’s center of balance or accidentally
turning while stepping off.
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g.
h.
Page 39 of 106
Ask them to step down to step off the Segway HT – while holding the Segway HT with
their right hands. Tell them that it does not matter which foot they step off with first –
whichever is more comfortable.
Now ask them to hold onto the Handlebar with both hands, but loosely.
Important: Remind riders to look at the Display and note the icons that they are reading. If the
Display shows that the Segway HT is still balancing, it is okay to get back on again.
i.
j.
k.
Using the proper technique for an e Series or an i Series, ask riders to step on with one
foot – keeping an even balance of weight between the foot that is on the Platform and the
foot that is on the ground. Tell them “Do not commit all of your weight onto the Segway
HT.” When they feel ready, ask them to step up with their other foot onto the Segway HT.
If participants are oscillating, remind them that perhaps they might want to check their
posture, look ahead, or they might want to move their feet around so that they can stand
still.
Repeat stepping on/stepping off 5 to 10 times.
6.
Ride forward to end zone.
7.
Stop within end zone (4 feet).
Participants should be in line formation.
a.
Turn on Segway HTs and properly step on.
b.
Instruct them to move slowly toward you and to stop when they get to you (you should be
standing about 10 feet from their starting point). It helps to have a line across the floor or a
few cones for this exercise so that riders can try to learn to stop in a specific place.
c.
Tell riders to concentrate on feeling how they need to shift their weight to stop.
Note: If some riders have trouble stopping, work with them individually and try to use different
ways of explaining – such as: shifting weight to evenly across the feet, almost sitting down
and then standing up again to stop, or even just straightening out their posture.
d.
e.
Now that riders know how to stop slowly, have them get back in a line and ask them to
come forward and stop only when you ask them to do so.
Repeat 5 to 10 times.
8.
Turn 180 degrees.
9.
Ride to starting line.
10.
Stop.
11.
Turn 180 degrees.
12.
Step off the Segway HT using the following procedures:
> e Series - Step down with one foot. Then step down with the other while continuing to hold at least one
grip or the Control Shaft gently. Don’t pull Segway HT toward you or push it away. Release Segway HT
gently into E-Stand by guiding it into or very near it’s desired orientation.
> i and p Series - Hold one or both grips. Step down with one foot, then the other. Continue to hold
Segway HT.
13.
Tap the Mode Button to put the Segway HT into Power Assist Mode.
a.
b.
Ask the riders to line up, step off the Segway HT and stand behind their Segway HT.
Instruct them to press the Mode Button once and to listen to the tone (if they are not in a
noisy place) and to notice the difference in the Segway HT’s behavior before the button
was pressed versus after (balancing and not balancing).
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c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Instruct riders to level the Platform (i and p Series) or align the Control Shaft vertically (e
Series) and tap the Mode Button once again. (Make sure that e Series riders know that
they are about to engage E-Stand.)
Ask riders to step onto their Segway HTs.
Ask riders to tap the button while they are standing on the Segway HT – some riders may
need reassurance that nothing is going to happen to them, so you may want to
demonstrate this first.
Explain that the Mode Button is smart and responds to the Rider Detect Sensors. It is
designed not to switch modes while a rider is on the Segway HT, as this would not be
safe.
Ask riders to step off and put the Segway HT in Power Assist Mode. Tell riders that if the
Segway HT is in Power Assist Mode for 60 seconds no input to the Steering Grip; the
Segway HT will automatically shut off to save power.
Show them to protect the fenders by always using Power Assist Mode by walking around
to the front of the Handlebar. This gives greater clearance to the fenders.
Explain to them that initially it might not be intuitive as to how to power the Segway HT
forwards (moving in front of you) and backwards (moving in to you).
Have riders practice twisting the Steering Grip GENTLY, and carefully so they don’t power
the Segway HT quickly in any direction – especially toward their shins.
After the riders have moved around in Power Assist Mode, ask them to turn off the
Segway HTs (Parking Stand down for i Series). Talk to them about the different uses for
Power Assist Mode which they will get to experience later:
> Up a curb or ramp (perhaps into a vehicle)
> Powering up and down stairs
> Over rough terrain or steep slopes
Emphasize that the rider should always:
> Stand and guide from the front of the Segway HT, to protect fenders
> Keep the weight of the Segway HT below them on any slope (up or down)
> Gently twist the Steering Grip to avoid tugging yourself or powering the Segway HT
into your legs
14.
Press Mode Button for approximately two seconds- until you see sleepy face icon. Release Mode Button.
15.
Deploy Parking Stand (i Series only).
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Page 41 of 106
Drill #2: Controlled Stop
Avoid having to stop too quickly by assessing
your speed and any obstruction that would
require you to stop. Anticipate pedestrians,
animals and cars, especially when passing a
side street, path, or row of shops. Be aware
that you can stop too quickly on the Segway HT
resulting in loss of traction and potentially falls,
injury and damage to the Segway HT.
S
T
O
P
S
T
O
P
1. Speed control
Moving forward a short distance, and shift weight back until stopped. If the wheels squeak or
spin, you have exceeded the limits are beyond the limits and you need to reduce their
stopping speed. Avoid aggressive stopping.
2. Contiguous smooth acceleration and stops
Start slow and stop in end zone. Incrementally increase speed until rider has a gauge about
how fast he can stop safely at the given speed. Work on technique, not speed. Work on
building knowledge, not exceeding limits.
3. Practice control and commitment
If rider continues to roll forward after s/he intends to stop, then commitment was lacking.
Work on moving weight back until Segway HT actually reverses direction, then immediately
stand up.
If you hear squeaks, see spinning, tell the rider that s/he has exceeded limits and needs to
reduce either their riding speed or stopping speed (or both).
Drill #3: Slow-Stops and Turns
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Move forward.
Stop.
Turn 180 degrees.
Repeat.
Stop before cone - do not hit it.
This drill gets riders used to twisting the Steering Grip gently and smoothly. Work on one motion
at a time – move forward, stop, and then turn. Focus on smooth turns and wrist motion.
Drill #4: Leaning Loop Turns
1. Move forward in a continuous motion
around cones while turning – do not hit it.
2. Practice leaning into turn.
3. Do not exceed “end zone” line.
4. Reverse direction.
This drill transitions riders into using their body weight to laterally stabilize Segway HTs. Focus on
coaching riders to put weight on inside leg/foot – lean onto the turn, bend inside knee and inside
arm, keep shoulders square. This drill combines motions, simultaneously moving forward while
turning.
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Drill #5: Loose and Tight Slalom
1. Turn around cones placed at 12-foot (4
meter) intervals
2. Practice leaning into turn and maintaining a
continuous motion
3. Practice narrowing the approach.
4. Do not exceed “end zone” line.
5. After 5-10 repetitions, tighten the cones to
6-foot (2 meter) intervals.
This drill helps riders practice turning smoothly at speed, leaning into turns, varying left and right
steering movements and varying forward speed. Focus on speed control, continuous smooth
acceleration and turns, not exceeding end and side zones, or hitting cones
Drill #6: Straight Funnel
1. Approach cones that are just slightly wider
than Segway HT footprint.
2. Do not touch any cones.
3. Ride slowly and concentrate on technique,
not speed.
This drill is important in exposing riders to the width of the Segway HT’s wheelbase, so they can
use good judgment in narrow places (doorways, sidewalks, between cars, in manufacturing
plants).
Display Messages
The Display on the Handlebar indicates the following information:
> The operational mode: Power Assist Mode or Balance Mode or
Off
> The battery charge level
> Faults
> User errors
Display Colors
Green (and only green) means you may step on and ride in Balance Mode. Orange indicates Power
Assist Mode. Red means something is wrong.
If the Display is in direct sunlight, it may be difficult to see the color. Try shading the Display with your
hand.
If the Display is not illuminated, the Segway HT is not powered on.
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Page 43 of 106
Normal Operation
The following Display icons should appear each time you power on your Segway HT.
Display Icon
Definition
User Response
Startup test being performed. (All
segments should be displayed,
with no backlight).
Wait before attempting to use the Segway
HT.
Segway HT is in Power Assist
Mode (full battery charge level
indicator shown).
Do NOT attempt to step on the Segway
HT. It is not in Balance Mode. Rotate
Steering Grip to move the Segway HT
forward and back.
Segway HT is in Balance Mode
(full battery charge level indicator
shown).
You may step on and ride the Segway HT.
Segway HT is shutting down
(approximately one-half battery
charge level indicator shown). This
icon should only appear when you
power off.
Do not attempt to power on until orange
backlight disappears. (In cold weather, it
may take several seconds for this icon to
disappear.)
Error Conditions During Startup
If you attempt to power on your Segway HT, but the Segway HT detects a condition that precludes
power on, one of the following icons will appear in the Display. (The system fault icons described on
pages 45 may also appear.) All of these icons are red. You may clear these conditions with the
appropriate User Response described below. Do not attempt to step on the Segway HT until you
have cleared the error condition and you have confirmed that the Segway HT is in Balance Mode
Display Icon
Definition
User Response
The Key being used to start this
Segway HT does not contain the
correct security code.
Restart using correct Key. If condition
continues, contact Segway at
customeroperations@segway.com or call
1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
The Segway HT is plugged in.
Unplug the Power Cord and, if the Segway
HT has powered off, power on again.
The Battery Packs are too low to
allow safe operation of the Segway
HT.
Charge the Battery Packs; then attempt to
power on.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 44 of 106
Display Icon
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Definition
The Steering Grip is turned to the
left at startup.
The Steering Grip is turned to the
right at startup.
User Response
Be sure your hand is not turning the
Steering Grip. Gently move the grip to
ensure it is in the center (straight-ahead)
position.
Right rear Rider Detect Sensor is
engaged at startup.
Right front Rider Detect Sensor is
engaged at startup.
Left front Rider Detect Sensor is
engaged at startup.
Make sure your foot is not on the Platform
when powering on the Segway HT. Check
your Mat to ensure it is clear of foreign
objects. If necessary, remove the Mat and
inspect beneath it.
Left rear Rider Detect Sensor is
engaged at startup.
Reduced Performance Levels
The following Display icon (note that the face is not smiling) will appear if the Segway HT is operating
at reduced performance levels due to a temporary condition. These conditions include: riding up a
steep hill, riding on bumpy terrain, low Battery Pack charge, riding down a hill with fully charged
Battery Packs, the first few seconds after power on, inadequate foot pressure on the Platform, or the
Battery Packs are too hot or too cold.
If you feel the Speed Limiter push the Handlebar back, stop leaning forward and slow down. You
should always leave a gap between yourself and the Handlebar. Riding against the Handlebar can
cause loss of control, collisions, falls and injury.
Display Icon
Definition
User Response
The Segway HT is operating at
reduced performance levels due to
a temporary condition (full battery
charge level indicator shown).
Do not try to lean over the Handlebar to
override the speed limit, which has been
lowered until the condition clears.
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© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
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Page 45 of 106
Critical Faults During Balance
If, during normal riding, the system detects a critical system fault, it will perform a Safety Shutdown by
reducing speed to zero and giving the Stick Shake Warning. At that time, the Display will show the
following icon:
Display Icon
Definition
User Response
The system has detected a
critical error and is slowing to
zero speed before Safety
Shutdown (full Battery Pack
charge level indicator shown).
Come to a controlled stop, then step
off and discontinue operation. You
have 10 seconds from the start of the
Stick Shake Warning to come to a
controlled stop and safely step off
before the HT will automatically
shutdown.
Never Restart After an Empty Battery Condition Notification. The Segway HT will notify the rider of an
empty Battery Pack condition. (A red “unhappy face” icon will appear in the Display, the Segway HT’s
speed will be limited to 5 mph (8km/h), and the Handlebar will beep.)
When you receive notification of an empty Battery Pack condition, you should stop, step off, shut
down and charge your Segway HT. If you fail to stop and step off of your Segway HT during an empty
battery notification, then your Segway HT will perform a Safety Shutdown. (See a detailed description
of Safety Shutdown in your Rider’s Guide or e Series manual.)
Never restart and ride your Segway HT after it has notified you of an empty battery condition, until
you recharge. There is a high probability that the Segway HT will not have enough power to keep you
balanced – especially if you demand a lot of power at once. If you restart and continue riding prior to
recharging, you risk falling. Also, you may damage your Battery Packs, resulting in reduced Battery
Pack life and capacity.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
System Faults
If the Segway HT detects a fault in the hardware of the Segway HT, one of the following icons (which
are red and always displayed together with a wrench icon) will appear in the Display. The Segway HT
cannot be used until the fault is cleared. Attempt these steps in the order listed to clear the fault. If
you are unsuccessful, contact Segway Customer Support at www.segway.com or call 1-8664SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
Display Icon
Definition
User Response
There is a fault
in the rear
Battery Pack.
1.
Remove and reseat the faulted Battery Pack.
2.
Power on Segway HT.
3.
If the same icon appears, remove both Battery Packs,
reverse locations of the Battery Packs (swap front and
rear), and reseat both Battery Packs.
4.
If, after reversing and reseating the Battery Packs, the
same icon appears (indicating that the fault remains in the
same Battery Pack location), then check and make sure
the two cable connectors are properly connected. Then
power on the Segway HT. If the same icon appears,
contact Segway at customeroperations@segway.com or
call 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
5.
If, after reversing and reseating the Battery Packs, the icon
changes to indicate that the fault is now in the other Battery
Pack location, then contact Segway at
customeroperations@segway.com or call 1-8664SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929) to order a new Battery Pack.
6.
Because the Segway HT performs at the level of the lesser
Battery Pack, whenever you replace a Battery Pack,
consider replacing both Battery Packs, depending upon the
age of the non-fault Battery Pack.
1.
Remove and reseat both Battery Packs.
2.
Power on Segway HT.
3.
If same icon appears, check and make sure the two cable
connectors are properly connected.
4.
Power on the Segway HT. If the same icon appears,
contact Segway Customer Operations at
customeroperations@segway.com or call 1-8664SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
There is a fault
in the front
Battery Pack.
There is a fault
in the
Platform.
There is an
unidentified
fault in the
Segway HT.
Display ID Instructions
Say: “This is an exercise to help you become familiar with how the Display on the Segway HT
communicates with you through icons. Match up the Display icon with the appropriate description.
Mark the number of the description in the box with the Display icon. Let’s do the first one together.”
Point to the Display icon in box 1A. Ask which number definition in the Workbook corresponds to the
Display icon. Have participants write the number of that description in the shaded triangle.
Direct the participants to work in groups of 2 or 3, and encourage them to interact with each other.
Optional: Explain: “Now, I am going to split the group. Both groups will participate in Display ID and
ride, just at different times.”
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
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Page 47 of 106
Now, break the group into two parts, if there are more than 6 participants.
Ask the participants to go around the room counting off A – B – A – B – A – B, etc.
Say, “Group A, come with me for the first ride, Group B, stay here and complete this exercise.”
Say to Group B: “You can work in groups of 2-3. When you have finished, you can take a break. Be
sure to meet back here at XXX time.”
Display ID
A
B
C
D
1
6
15
1
8
or 10
2
8
or 10
14
4
9
7
13
11
3
12
5
16
2
3
4
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© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
(1)
(2)
Startup test being
Power Assist Mode.
performed. Do not step Full Battery Packs. Do
on.
not step on.
(5)
Slow to a stop and
step off. Battery packs
too low to allow
continued operation.
Segway HT will
perform a Safety
Shutdown.
(6)
Right front Rider
Detect Sensor is
engaged at startup.
Clear Mat. Remove
weight from Platform.
(3)
Balance mode. Full
Battery Packs. OK to
step on.
(4)
Balance mode. Battery
Packs at 20%.
Recharge at next
available opportunity.
(7)
(8)
The Segway HT is
operating at reduced
performance levels
due to a temporary
condition. Slow down.
Do not try to ride
through Speed Limiter.
The Key being used to
start this Segway HT
does not contain the
correct security code.
Restart using correct
key. If condition
continues, contact
Segway LLC.
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
Do not step on. The
Battery Packs are too
low to allow safe
operation of the
Segway HT. Charge
your Battery Packs for
several hours.
The Platform is not
level when you try to
change from Power
Assist to Balance
mode (i and p Series),
or the Control Shaft is
not vertical (e Series).
Orient correctly. Tap
Mode Button to set
Balance mode.
There is an unknown
fault in the system.
Check connectors
between Control Shaft
and Platform, and
check Battery Pack
connections. If fault
does not clear, call
Service.
The Steering Grip is
turned to the right at
startup. Make sure the
Steering Grip is
centered, and remove
hand.
(13)
There is an unknown
fault in the Platform.
This is most likely a
critical component or
connection failure. Call
Service.
(14)
There is a fault in the
rear Battery Pack. Be
sure it is properly
connected using all
four screws.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
(15)
The Power Cord is
plugged in to the
Segway HT. Unplug,
and wait for display to
change. Restart.
(16)
Power Assist Mode.
Battery Packs at 60%.
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Summary
Generally, what do the colors; Green, Orange and Red indicate? Classify the actions to take,
dependent only on the color in the Display.
Green
Orange
Red
Ok to proceed.
Do not step on.
Error condition, step off in a
controlled manner or do not step on.
Describe the expressions of the faces in the Display. What are they telling you?
Smile
Straight-faced
Frown
Happy: all systems go.
Concerned: Reduced
performance. Slow down,
proceed with caution.
Unhappy: Error condition detected.
Step off in a controlled manner or do
not step on.
1. Do not attempt to restart the Segway HT until…(finish the sentence)
The Display completely fades. Analogy: Don’t press your start button on your pc after you turn it
off, until it has completed it’s shutdown cycle.
2. How do you start the Segway HT?
Start the Segway HT with the key – not with the Mode Button.
3. How do you turn off the Segway HT?
Turn off the Segway HT with the Mode Button. Hold it down for 2 seconds. Rider must be off the
Platform before the 2 seconds begin.
4. How do you change from Power Assist Mode to Balance Mode?
Change modes with the Mode Button. Tap the Mode Button once to change from Power Assist to
Balance Mode, and vice versa.
5. Why might you get a red frown when changing from Power Assist Mode to Balance Mode?
I might get a red frown when changing into Balance Mode because
a) My i-Series Segway HT does not have a level Platform, or
b) My e-Series Segway HT does not have a vertical Control Shaft.
6. Can you ever ride the Segway HT in Power Assist Mode?
No.
7. What Display should you see BEFORE you step onto the Segway HT?
You should see a green smiling face with multiple battery segments.
8. In Power Assist Mode, turning the Steering Grip will result in what motion?
The Steering Grip will move the Segway HT forward and backward while in Power Assist Mode.
Keep your shins clear of the Segway HT.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 50 of 106
>
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 4
Safety Features
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire group
Demonstrate product design features. Allow each participant to experience each one.
Riding space
Observation and experiential learning—watching and riding the Segway HT
Timing
Total Time
45 min
Introduction
In this session, the riders will be introduced to the design features of the Segway HT. They will see
examples of features being induced by the instructor. Class discussion will focus on appropriate
responses to Segway HT alerts.
Objectives
Upon completion of this session the rider should be able to:
> Explain the role of redundant systems
> List design features that enhance rider safety
> Describe appropriate actions to take when the Speed Limiter activates
> Describe appropriate actions to take when the Stick Shake Warning triggers
> Describe appropriate actions to take when Segway HT perform a Safety Shutdown.
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Overview of Product Design Features
> Speed Limiter
> Rider Detection
> Safety Shutdown
> Torque and Traction
> Effect of Tire Pressure
> Safe lifting techniques
> Summary
Overview of Product Design and Safety Features
The Segway HT has been designed with the utmost concern for the safety of the operator and those
who may be nearby. Backup systems have been designed to maintain controlled operation of the
system in the unlikely event of a component malfunction.
Redundant Systems
>
Controller Boards
Controller boards are interchangeable front and rear. They are connected to the Control Shaft
cords, the Balance Sensor Assembly, the Battery Packs and the motors in such a way that if
there is a malfunction in any of these components, or the connections between them, the Segway
HT will perform a Safety Shutdown (see description below)
>
Motors
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
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Page 51 of 106
The motor for each wheel (right/left) is connected to the front and rear drive systems. This allows
either the front or the rear drive system to produce torque to the motor shaft. The system uses
independent controllers for the front and rear drive systems. Like the Battery Packs, the
redundant capability ensures functionality in the unlikely case of a module failure.
>
Battery Packs
The Battery Packs in the HT are sealed units that require no maintenance besides proper
charging. There is a front Battery Pack and a rear Battery Pack. The Battery Packs are
interchangeable. The Segway HT will be brought to a stop safely using just one Battery Pack
should a problem occur in the other Battery Pack. The Battery Packs are utilized so that they
provide the highest possible range while maintaining the appropriate capability to handle any
system issues. You should always replace the Battery Packs in pairs.
>
Balance Sensor Assembly (BSA)
There are five gyroscopes (rate sensors) and two tilt sensors in the BSA. They gather information
about the orientation of the Platform in all three planes (pitch, roll and yaw.) It is this information
that is used to determine Segway HT behaviors resulting in moving the wheels under the Platform
to maintain balance.
In Balance Mode, all five rate sensors (gyros) are actively being used. They are constantly
checking each other to ensure each is operating correctly. If one of the five rate sensors fails, a
Safety Shutdown will occur. Additionally the two tilt sensors are checking each other in a similar
manner.
>
Systems in the Handlebar
There are redundant communication systems in the Handlebar, each backing up the Steering
Grip and the Mode Button. If there is a malfunction in either the Steering Grip or the Mode Button,
the Segway HT will perform a Safety Shutdown. Each system in the Handlebar independently
communicates information to the Controller Boards in the power base via an individual Control
Shaft cable. If either cable has a malfunction, the Segway HT will perform a Safety Shutdown
(See “Safety Shutdown” on page 58).
Operator Responsibilities
The HT will reduce available speed of the Segway HT when its capabilities are reduced. If a critical
system malfunctions, the HT performs a Safety Shutdown (see description below).
Say: “For your safety and the safety of those around you, it is important that you be able to recognize
all safety critical alerts and behaviors on the Segway HT, and to respond properly.”
• You, the operator, determine where the Segway HT will be used, and how it will be used. Always
exercise awareness, know your capabilities, and respond to Segway HT alerts and behaviors.
• Walking is easy and safe, within your capabilities, but how many people have inadvertently
walked into a parking meter, slipped on a slippery driveway, twisted their ankles on a curb or
tripped going down the stairs?
• You must use good judgment!
The Segway HT has a depth of utility that you will have to become adept at mastering, just like driving
a car in heavy traffic.
Say: “It’s easy to use, but nothing is obvious to the uninformed”
Response Hierarchy
Draw the following headings (Normal Operation, Reduced Performance, Safety Shutdown) on the
white board:
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
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P/N 1707100001aa
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Normal Operation
Reduced Performance (transient conditions)
Speed Limited or reduced to zero:
> Fewer than three Rider Detect Sensors depressed
> Tilt sensors saturated (excessive lateral acceleration or roll angle)
> System too hot
> Battery Packs low or not enough power to perform the requested action (riding too fast up or
down a hill)
> Battery Packs too full to accept more energy from regenerative braking while traveling down a hill
Safety Shutdown (Critical component malfunctions/a failure of any of the following
redundant subsystems)
Deceleration to zero speed, stick shake, red frown display
> Battery Packs completely discharged or malfunction
> Motor
> Controller Board
> Balance Sensor Assembly (BSA)
> Steering Grip or Mode Button
> System in Handlebar
> Control Shaft cord
> Connections between redundant parts
Draw an arrow from “Normal Operations” to “Reduced Performance” and another arrow from
“Reduced Performance” back to “Normal Operations”
Say: When the transient condition ceases to exist, the Segway HT returns to normal operation.
Draw an arrow from “Reduced Performance” to “Safety Shutdown.”
Say: If the transient condition progresses into a critical malfunction, the Segway HT will perform a
Safety Shutdown
Draw an arrow from “Normal Operations” to “Safety Shutdown.”
Say: In case of a critical component malfunction, the Segway HT will perform a Safety Shutdown.
Speed Limiter
Like your body, the Segway HT has a top speed. The Segway HT’s top speed is limited by many
conditions, including:
>
>
>
>
The Key used to power on
The Key governs the top speed:
Steepness of a hill
Reduced capability includes the inability to adequately produce torque and speed depending on
the steepness of the hill.
Bumpy terrain
If the Balance Sensor Assembly gets dizzy from riding on bumpy terrain or spinning in circles, the
Segway HT slows down until the Balance Sensor Assembly can assess the Segway HT’s position
correctly. Reduced capability includes the inability to measure inertial data.
Battery Pack charge
If Battery Packs are fully charged: When you go downhill the output shaft of the motor spins,
generating energy, which is then stored in the Battery Packs and reused next time you require
energy. This feature is called regenerative braking. If the Battery Packs are at full charge, and
you go downhill, the energy being generated has no place to go. The speed limiter engages to
slow the Segway HT down so less electricity will be generated.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
>
>
>
Page 53 of 106
If Charge is too low: When there is not enough charge in the Battery Packs, Speed Limiter will
engage. Analogy: similar to how your muscles work.
The first few seconds after power on
Analogy: “Like waking up in the morning.” It takes a few seconds for the Balance Sensor
Assembly to assess the orientation of the Segway HT. During this time, the Speed Limiter is
engaged.
Foot pressure on the Platform (number of Rider Detect Sensors depressed)
when sensor data indicates that the rider is not in the proper position and fewer than three Rider
Detect Sensors are depressed, speed limiter will engage.
Battery Pack temperature
If the Battery Packs are too hot or too cold, the Segway HT limits speed because less energy is
available.
Just like your feet with relation to your body, the Segway HT needs to be able to move its wheels
beneath your body to stay balanced, even if the Segway HT has a low battery charge. If you are
running on the grass and stumble on a root, your feet need to speed up to get back underneath you.
The Segway HT wheels do the same thing. When your Battery Packs are low, just like when your
muscles are tired, you need to be more careful and you have a higher risk of falling.
The Speed Limiter reduces speed,
safeguarding the reserve capacity in
the Segway HT. The reserve capacity
ensures that the Segway HT can
respond by moving the wheels forward
or backward in order to keep you
balancing.
The speed limiter is used to modify the Segway HT’s performance dynamically – It allows maximum
utilization of the HT in most situations (smooth surfaces, moderate inclines), but reduces the
performance if the Segway HT or the environment is making it difficult for the HT to function at its
maximum capabilities (steep inclines, low Battery Pack charge, extreme temperatures). The Segway
HT communicates that it is limiting the rider’s speed kinesthetically – by the sensations you feel in
your arms and legs as the Handlebar position is changed and the Platform tilts aft.
Leave a gap!
Stop leaning forward if you are against the
Handlebar. Riding against the Handlebar can
cause loss of control, collisions, falls and injury
due to your inability to recover from loss of
balance and/or exceeding the power necessary
to keep the Segway HT upright.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
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Attempting to exceed the speed limit results in two undesirable outcomes:
> Posture that is detrimental to safe riding Since the Handlebar is pressed into your torso, your
arms and legs are not in an appropriate position. Your legs will generally straighten, as you lean
back on your heels due to the aft tilt of the Platform. You will have a difficult time correcting in
case of any changes in the terrain, or in your speed.
> Reduction in range, because of the constant acceleration/deceleration taking place
Motor Saturation
An electric motor produces torque. The faster it goes, the less torque it can produce. At some point,
the motor “saturates” which means even if more torque is commanded, more torque is not produced.
This is equivalent to “flooring it” in a car. In the HT, the available torque and speed (the “reserve”)
depend on:
For any dynamically stabilized machine, it is important to know where this saturation limit is so that
the Segway HT can: (a) keep the operator away from this operating point, if possible or (b) warn the
operator if they approach this operating point
The HT endeavors to keep the operator away from this limit by limiting speed. The term “reserve”
is used to describe the torque and speed buffer between the current operating point and the
capabilities of the drive system. This works when the Segway HT is moving as opposed to
stationary.
The Display indicates that the Segway HT is reducing performance
deliberately by showing a straight-faced icon. The appropriate rider
response is to slow down. Do not try to lean past the speed limit, which
has been lowered until the condition ceases to exist.
Guide each participant to a Segway HT.
> Start the Segway HT with the Beginner Key (6mph).
> Ask the participants to watch you demonstrate speed limiter.
> Tell them to pay close attention to the Handlebar, the Platform, and your posture.
> Exceed the speed limit for a few seconds so they can see the effects.
One way for the Segway HT to limit speed is to adjust the pitch of the Platform. By tilting the Platform
backward, the Segway HT can inhibit forward acceleration by making it difficult for the rider to get
his/her center of gravity in front of the contact patch. The Speed Limiter looks at the speed limit and
the actual speed and, if the speed is greater than the speed limit, the Segway HT begins to pitch
backward. Persistent operation over the speed limit causes this offset angle to increase.
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
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Run along with one participant at a time, as s/he induces the speed limiter.
>
>
>
Explain that you are exposing them to this experience so they will know how to recognize the
Segway HT behavior and respond properly.
Emphasize that the proper response when they feel speed limiter is to SLOW DOWN as much
as necessary to regain proper posture. This may mean slowing to a complete stop if the speed
limit has been set to zero.
Instruct the participants NOT to continue normal operations until the speed limiter behavior has
been discontinued.
When all participants have experienced the Speed Limiter, have them observe you exceeding the
reverse speed limit, and experience stick shake.
Stick Shake Warning
Say: The expression “stick-shake” comes from airplanes – a pilot’s control stick will vibrate if the
plane is near stall. Are there any pilots in here?
One of the ways the Segway HT notifies you that you are at risk of falling is by shaking the Handlebar
and making growling noises. This is called the Stick Shake Warning. The Stick Shake Warning will
occur if you ride backward too fast or if you demand too much power from the Segway HT, such as
by riding on a steep slope, on rough terrain, against an obstacle or by accelerating or decelerating
abruptly. Stick Shake Warning is more likely to occur when your Battery Packs are low, cold, heavily
used, or poorly maintained. Stick Shake Warning can happen both when you are on and off the
Segway HT, as described in the following table:
Action
User Response
Riding aggressively, accelerating
or stopping abruptly.
Ease up! Ride more gently, smoothly and slowly.
Riding against the Handlebar.
Ease up! Leave a gap!
Riding on rough terrain or steep
slopes.
The terrain is too demanding or steep. Ride on smoother, flatter terrain. If
on a slope, turn perpendicular to the slope, step off, and proceed in Power
Assist Mode.
Riding against an obstruction.
Stop pushing against the obstruction. Stop, step off, and proceed in Power
Assist Mode.
Riding backward.
Stop, turn in place, and proceed forward.
During Safety Shutdown.
Come to a controlled stop and safely step off within 10 seconds.
Moving a Segway HT with no
rider on the Platform while in
Balance Mode.
When moving your Segway HT in Balance Mode with no rider on the
Platform, you must move very slowly, or switch to Power Assist Mode.
Stepping onto a Segway HT
Platform while in Power Assist
Mode.
Remove your foot. Level the Platform. Tap the Mode Button to enter
Balance Mode. Check the Display for the green smiling face. Move the
Handlebar to make sure that the wheels respond. Try stepping on again.
Demonstrate the reverse speed limiter by going in reverse until you induce stick shake (about
3mph).
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Guide each participant to step off her Segway HT, enter Power Assist Mode, tilt the Platform
backward, and place a foot on the Mat. The Segway HT will give the Stick Shake Warning.
Participants have the opportunity to experience this warning in a controlled setting.
Forward versus Backward:
Having Speed Limiter move the bar forward cannot regulate backward speed. Since it is possible that
the rider continues to ride backwards at excessive speed, there is no way to enforce a backward
speed limit. In this case, the approach is to give a Stick Shake Warning above a certain speed to
deter this kind of operation.
Stationary versus Moving:
In cases where the HT is stationary, it is still possible to demand more torque than the Segway HT
can produce. In this case, the Segway HT will stick shake to warn the operator it is at its limit. Some
low speed cases where the operator may experience a Stick Shake Warning due to exceeding torque
capabilities include:
> Attempting to ride on/up a terrain which demands too much torque like a steep hill
> Stopping too abruptly
Note: During a hard stop, the torque capabilities of the left and right side may not be perfectly
matched – this can cause the Segway HT to rotate under a maximum-torque stop.
Appropriate Rider Response:
If you feel the Stick Shake Warning while riding, slow down. If the Stick Shake Warning persists,
come to a stop and safely step off.
Rider Detection
The Segway HT Platform contains four Rider Detect sensors (beneath the Mat), which detect the
presence or absence of a rider while the Segway HT is powered on. When a rider (weighing 100 lbs. /
45 kg or more) is aboard with feet properly positioned on the Platform, these Rider Detect sensors
are depressed, and allow the Segway HT to operate normally in Balance Mode. If fewer than three
Rider Detect sensors are depressed while riding, the Segway HT will reduce the top speed limit while
moving forward, regardless of the Key used. If the Segway HT is in Balance Mode, but none of the
Rider Detect sensors are depressed, and the Segway HT is moved too quickly, the Segway HT will
give the Stick Shake Warning after moving some distance, and will switch to Power Assist Mode. This
is intended to prevent a riderless Segway HT from traveling on its own. You should never let go of
your Segway HT while it is in Balance Mode.
You should never place anything on the Platform. Doing so could defeat this safety feature and allow
the Segway HT to travel on its own, and run into a person or property and cause injury or damage.
With an i or p Series model, you can move a riderless Segway HT in Balance Mode an indefinite
distance. To avoid getting the Stick Shake Warning, the Segway HT must be moved VERY slowly. If
you move the Segway HT slowly enough, the system is able to assess that even though the Segway
HT is moving in Balance Mode with no rider aboard, it is being controlled. Thus, no warning is
triggered. This function makes it easier for some people to pull the Segway HT upstairs, or guide it
down. Practice this technique on stairs with the participants, to show the possibility of the wheels
losing traction and spinning.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 57 of 106
Rider Detection Demonstration – i and p Series
Demonstrate Rider Detection with an i or p Series Segway HT:
1. Put the Segway HT into Balance Mode.
2. Do not step on.
3. Roll the Segway HT forward a few feet at normal walking speed– until you hear and feel the
Stick Shake Warning.
4. Continue a few more until the Segway HT switches to Power Assist Mode.
5. Show participants the Power Assist Mode display, so they don’t think the Segway HT has
shut down.
6. Let the Segway HT gently fall to the ground while guiding it.
7. Put the Segway HT into Balance Mode again.
8. Do not step on.
9. Move the Segway HT very slowly to show the speed at which it will NOT give the Stick Shake
Warning.
10. Show the proper way to use riderless Balance Mode to pull the Segway HT up stairs or guide
it down stairs.
Show the participants that there are three ways to stop the Segway HT from giving the Stick Shake
Warning prior to the Segway HT switching to Power Assist Mode:
1. Roll the Segway HT back to the initial place where the Rider Detect Sensors were
disengaged.
2. Tap the Mode Button to put the Segway HT into Power Assist Mode
3. Tap a Rider Detect Sensor with your foot, to re-enable Balance Mode. (Not a preferred
method.)
Emphasize that the ability of the Segway HT to detect the presence or absence of a rider is a safety
feature designed to stop the Segway HT from forward motion with no rider on the Platform.
Direct each participant to experience this behavior by moving the Segway HT forward she feels the
Stick Shake Warning, and sees the Segway HT transition to Power Assist Mode.
Instruct the each participant to put the Segway HT into Balance Mode, and move it forward until the
Segway HT gives the Stick Shake Warning feet. Ask participants to practice the two preferred
methods to stop the Segway HT from stick shaking.
Explain the theory behind this behavior: The Segway HT must correctly assess when a rider is on the
Segway HT in order to make a decision about whether to keep the Segway HT dynamically
balancing. Being wrong in either case is undesirable because:
• If the rider is on the Segway HT, the Segway HT should remain dynamically balancing
(because you need to remain upright).
• If the rider is off the Segway HT, the Segway HT should not remain dynamically balancing
when the Segway HT moves, because there is no reason for it to stay upright and it could
continue to move forward into a crowd or into the street.
Rider Detection Demonstration – e Series
You can show the participants Rider Detection behavior with an e Series model, however, the e
Series will not continue to move forward like the i and p Series models because of the E-Stand
feature. The Handlebar will remain relatively stationary, and the wheels will pivot forward or
backward until the Segway HT transitions to Power Assist Mode.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 58 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Note: If the participant experiences Stick Shake Warning with an e Series Segway HT, while placing
it into E-Stand, he should NOT grab the Handlebar and attempt to pull or push the Segway HT.
This activity often results in accidentally altering the center of gravity. The Segway HT will
respond by accelerating forward or backward to regain balance. The Segway HT may move
toward or away from the user, which could result in injury or damage. The Segway HT may
continue to move, exceeding the distance limits or pitch range and will then transition to Power
Assist Mode. If the participant experiences the situation described above, s/he should step
away from the Segway HT without further touching it, or gently assist the Segway HT to find its
balance point. The rider can do this by standing to the side of the Segway HT gently placing
her hand against the front of the side cargo bags and slow the rocking down. The rider should
not attempt to stop the Segway HT from moving completely.
Safety Shutdown
If the Segway HT detects a fault in any of its redundant subsystems, the Segway HT notifies you by
automatically reducing its speed, shaking its Handlebar, making growling and beeping noises, and
flashing red in the Display. This is called Safety Shutdown.
If a Safety Shutdown occurs:
> Immediately come to a controlled stop.
> Carefully step off one foot at a time.
> Do not resume use of your Segway HT until the fault condition is cleared.
Empty Battery Condition
One of the conditions that can result in a Safety Shutdown is an empty battery condition. The Segway
HT will notify you of a pending empty battery condition prior to initiating Safety Shutdown. A red
unhappy face icon will appear in the Display, the Segway HT’s speed will be limited, and the Segway
HT will beep. You should come to a controlled stop and safely step off of the Segway HT prior to
commencement of the Safety Shutdown. The red unhappy face icon will be shown in the Display.
Never restart and ride your Segway HT after it has indicated an empty battery condition or performed
a low battery Safety Shutdown. The Segway HT may not have enough power to keep you balanced,
especially if you demand a lot of power at once. If you restart and continue riding, you risk falling.
Also, you may damage your Battery Packs, resulting in reduced Battery Pack life and capacity.
Safety Shutdown while entering or leaving a building
Theft detection systems may interfere with Segway HT operation. Many libraries, retail stores, and
other buildings use theft detection systems to detect protected items as they enter and exit a building.
These systems are usually situated at the building entrances and exits so that patrons must pass
through on their way in and out. These systems may not always be visible. Some theft detection
systems have caused the Segway HT (in Balance Mode) to perform a Safety Shutdown.
1. Step off at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) away from theft detection systems and proceed through
the theft detection system in Power Assist Mode or with the Segway HT powered off.
2. Once at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) away from the detectors, riders may return to Balance Mode
and step on.
Demonstrate the Safety Shutdown using the fault insertion key. Coach the rider to:
> Bend knees, use a light grip
> Be prepared for a dynamic/brisk tilt backward on the Platform
> Don’t try to respond or compensate, simply ride it out
Emphasize: This exercise is to expose the rider to what a Safety Shutdown
Instructor: Hold the Segway HT by the Control Shaft when the unit slows.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 59 of 106
Explain: “I will be alongside you. I will insert the fault insertion Key, simulating a disconnect between
the Control Shaft Cords and the Controller Boards. I want you to remain on the Segway HT until it is
stopped, then step down off the Platform with both feet. I will be holding the Segway HT when it slows
and comes to a stop. You have approximately 10 seconds to come to a controlled stop and safely
step off during a Safety Shutdown, so don’t panic or rush, but be prepared to step off as soon as you
safely can.
Make sure the rider is wearing a helmet, and that you are holding the Control Shaft securely during
the deceleration and stick shakes. Instructor should be prepared to receive all the weight of the rider.
Important: Emphasize that the rider must step down, and remove BOTH feet from the Platform.
Otherwise, she is still giving input into the system, and the system will respond to any
requests to stay balancing.
Important: If the aft pitch angle exceeds 20° backward, the Segway HT will shut down rather than
accelerating in reverse. This is an important safety feature. Ensure the rider does not lean
over the Handlebar as the Segway HT is limiting speed.
Repeat the experience for each rider.
Say: “Never ride through a Safety Shutdown. Recognize the alerts and signals, slow down and stop,
then safely step off.”
Torque and Traction
If the Segway HT encounters a condition in which it can no longer perform in an acceptable manner,
it will disable power. This is the case if pitch or roll parameters are exceeded or if the wheels spin
because of traction loss.
Demonstrate roll or pitch parameters being exceeded, depending on the Segway HT model you
have.
i or p Series: Stand to the side and lean the Segway HT sideways without allowing the Platform to tilt
forward or backward. Lean it over until it shuts down.
e Series: From E-Stand, push the Segway HT backward. As you continue to push the Segway HT
backward, the wheels will move and eventually, the pitch parameter will be exceeded. The Segway
HT will transition to Power Assist Mode and torque will no longer be delivered to the wheels.
The Segway HT tires must grip the ground for the machine to stay upright. If the tires cannot generate
a reaction force, the Segway HT cannot stabilize itself. The system assesses how fast the wheel is
accelerating. If the wheel accelerates too fast, then the Segway HT concludes that it cannot balance
effectively and temporarily nullifies the motor torque to allow the wheel to regain traction. Once the
wheel has slowed down, the torque is reengaged.
Avoid slippery surfaces
A person slips when stepping on ice or other slippery surfaces because the person loses traction—
the person’s shoe does not grip the surface. The Segway HT can slip in the same way. If a tire loses
traction, then the Segway HT cannot move to stay upright and the rider could fall. To be safe, you
must avoid slippery surfaces, such as ice, wet floors, wet grass, or any other surface that you might
slip on if you were running. Also, remember that wet, soapy, and oily tires can lose traction and slip
on any surface, so use extreme caution.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 60 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Avoid loose objects and materials
A person can also slip by stepping on a branch, cord, or other object that rolls under foot or by
stepping on loose materials like small stones. The Segway HT can slip in the same way. To be safe,
you must avoid riding over loose objects or materials.
Avoid steep slopes
A person is more likely to slip walking up or down a steep slope because he needs more traction. In
the same way, if you ride your Segway HT up or down a steep slope, you are more likely to lose
traction and fall. To be safe, you should avoid riding up or down steep slopes.
The Segway HT will disable torque to the wheels if the sensor data indicate that the Segway HT is on
the edge of its operating limits:
> Excessive pitch or roll angle
> Failed Speed Limiter (system unable to regulate speed)
Effect of Tire Pressure
The tires on the Segway HT serve two primary functions:
> Suspension
> Traction
Dropping the tire pressure will soften the ride and increase traction while reducing range. The
appropriate pressure is a determined by the payload weight and the operating environment. Optimum
tire pressure is 15 psi (103 kPa) for i and e Series models; and for the p Series model it is 22 psi
(152 kPa).
For an i or e Series with the maximum payload, the tire air pressure can be increased to 22 psi
(152 kPa) depending on the surface conditions, to avoid flattening out the tires under the payload
weight.
Summary
1. What have you learned since this morning? Name a few specifics.
2. Why would the Segway HT speed limit you?
Review the following:
> The Key used to power on
> Steepness of a hill
> Bumpy terrain
> Battery Pack charge
> The first few seconds after power on
> Foot pressure on the Platform (number of Rider Detect Sensors depressed)
> Battery Pack temperature
3.
>
>
>
How do you know when the Segway HT is speed limiting you?
Handlebar push into torso
Platform tilts aft
Segway HT feels resistant to increased speed
4. What is the appropriate reaction?
Slow down.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
5.
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Page 61 of 106
When will the Segway HT give a Stick Shake Warning?
Riding aggressively, accelerating or stopping abruptly.
Riding against the Handlebar.
Riding on rough terrain or steep slopes.
Riding against an obstruction.
Riding backward.
During Safety Shutdown.
Moving a Segway HT with no rider on the Platform while in Balance Mode.
Stepping onto a Segway HT Platform while in Power Assist Mode.
6. Describe Rider Detection.
The Segway HT detects the absence or presence of a rider on the Platform by reading the pressure
on the Rider Detect Sensors.
7. What safety mechanism does the Rider Detection perform?
It attempts to stop the Segway HT from moving with no rider on. On an i or p Series, this takes much
longer if released at speed, than from a stationary position. On an e Series, this function is overridden
by the E-Stand function.
8. When will the Segway HT perform a Safety Shutdown?
When there is a critical component or system malfunction in the:
• Controller Board
> Motor
> Battery Pack
> Balance Sensor Assembly (BSA)
> Handlebar systems
> Control Shaft cord
> Excessive rate sensor error
> Systems communication failure
9. What does the Segway HT do during a Safety Shutdown?
If the Segway HT detects a fault in any of its redundant subsystems, the Segway HT notifies you by
automatically reducing its speed, shaking its Handlebar, making growling and beeping noises, and
flashing red in the Display.
10. When might the Segway HT stop balancing, even with a person on the Platform, prior to the end
of the 10-second window?
When pitch limit is exceeded (usually backward, 20°)
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 62 of 106
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 5
Agility Track – Riding Skills
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire group
Negotiate terrain features on agility track
Agility track
Observation and experiential learning—watching and riding the Segway HT.
Timing
Total Time
45 min
Introduction
In this session, the riders will practice their riding techniques and improve their understanding of the
Segway HT’s capabilities. They will be coached to exercise etiquette on the agility track while
interacting with other riders.
Objectives
Upon completion of this session the rider should be able to:
> Describe the Segway HT’s capabilities and limitations.
> Ride around and over a variety of terrain features that simulate the real world.
> Demonstrate smooth operation and speed control around and over terrain features.
> Explain how uneven terrain affects lateral stability.
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Before You Ride…
> Agility track
> Summary
Before You Ride
Exercise Segway Etiquette. The Segway HT has been designed to be compatible with pedestrian
environments. You will have the ability to move seamlessly in these environments, possibly with more
cargo and speed than those around you. Your judgment and courteous behavior will help you earn
your place in these environments. You have a responsibility to those around you.
> Take account of those around you who may be less agile.
> Move predictably – avoid sudden movements.
> Use a speed that is compatible with those around you.
> Slow down for pedestrians – pass slowly and courteously.
> Slow down for corners and cross paths.
Gain an understanding of the Segway HT’s Capabilities. Imagine the speedometer in your car.
Just because you see a dial with 120 mph speed capability, doesn’t mean that you should drive that
speed or that you would be capable of doing it responsibly.
Normally, participants are at the Conscious Incompetence stage, “I know what I don’t know.” For
example, I know that I don’t know the Segway HT’s capabilities and limitations. I know that I don’t
know how I will handle a slippery surface. I know I don’t know how the Segway HT will perform on a
steep incline.”
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 63 of 106
Agility Track
The Segway agility track is designed to optimize the rider’s effective use of the Segway HT in real
world environments. The rider will practice steering control, lateral stability, speed control and
absorbing shock over a variety of surfaces. In this session, you will experience:
Basic Rider Skills
Demonstrate the proper form over each terrain feature, then have each rider practice while the
instructor stands by to spot, coach and assist.
> Slalom
>
>
>
>
Ask rider to incrementally increase speed as they master the technique
Keep knees bent/loose grip on Handlebar
Instruct the rider to lean into turns
Bumpy terrain
>
>
>
>
>
>
Approach squarely
Bend knees to absorb shock
Use light grip
Don’t twist the Steering Grip
Instructor should closely spot the rider
Ascending and descending a 3” (7cm) ramp/slope
>
>
>
>
>
Approach the slope squarely
Be prepared to increase forward lean to ride up incline, but do NOT push on Handlebar
Be prepared to increase backward lean to ride down incline
Instructor should closely spot the rider on the initial attempts
Ascending and descending a 3” (7cm) curb
>
>
To ascend the 3” (7cm) curb, step off the Segway HT and use Power Assist Mode.
For an i and p Series model, you can drive to the curb, leave the Segway HT in Balance
Mode, and pull it over the curb from the front of the Segway HT, but be aware that if you
exceed speed or distance, the Segway HT will give the Stick Shake Warning and/or transition
to Power Assist Mode.
> For an e Series model, you should use Power Assist Mode. Do not leave an e Series Segway
HT in Balance Mode and move it, because it will attempt to remain stationary in E-Stand when
no Rider Detect Sensors depressed. If moved too far, it will give the Stick Shake Warning
and/or transition to Power Assist Mode.
> To descend the 3” curb, ride off squarely using the step method for an i or p Series model, or
drop down squarely while riding an e Series model. (The step method involves transferring
one foot to the ground, transferring weight onto that foot momentarily as you leave the curb,
then replacing your foot onto the Platform.)
> Bend knees and absorb the shock of landing.
> Keep a light grip on Handlebar. Do NOT push forward.
> Slowly ride off the curb,
> Don’t back into the curb once you have dropped down.
> Instructor should closely spot the rider
> Descending and riding across a 3” (7cm) curb, angled
>
>
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>
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>
>
Ride off at an angle.
Be prepared for lateral instability.
Bend knees and absorb the shock of landing.
Slowly ride off curb on initial attempt.
Instructor should closely spot the rider on the initial attempts.
Approach the ramp squarely and ride up ramp with only one wheel on, the other on flat
ground.
Transfer weight to lower foot.
Lean into the slope
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 64 of 106
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Be aware of ground clearance.
Doors
Practice riding through doorways in order to familiarize yourself with your new height and width.
Approach doorways carefully, and remember
that you are approximately 8” taller and
slightly wider than when you are walking.
> Bend your knees and body to avoid hitting
the top of the doorframe and to absorb the
shock of any transition between the two
rooms.
> Look ahead and anticipate any drop-offs
on the other side of the door. Step off and
use Power Assist Mode in these
instances.
> Keep wheels clear of the sides of the
doorway. If your wheel catches on either
side, step off, change to Power Assist
Mode, and maneuver the Segway HT
away from doorway before stepping back
on.
Stairs
Use Power Assist Mode to go up and down stairs.
> Stand to the side the first few times you use Power Assist Mode, to get the feel of the
Steering Grip.
> Always have the Segway HT’s weight below you, so if you stumble, the Segway HT will not
fall onto you.
> Keep the Segway HT’s wheels square to the stairs.
> Take your time.
Traction Loss
The Segway HT needs traction to operate. Slippery surfaces reduce traction capability of the Segway
HT’s tires in the same way they reduce traction capability in people. If you are unable to avoid the
slippery surface, step off and negotiate in Power Assist Mode. Do not ride over any slippery surface.
Guided experience over a dowel
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 65 of 106
Note: The dowel exercise is for the student to experience the sensation of loss of traction. As with all
exposure exercises, practicing this outside the classroom, without the appropriate instruction, is
never encouraged.
Demonstrate: Place a dowel on the floor and demonstrate pulling the i or p Series model over the
dowel. To achieve the desired effect safely, you must stand to the side, and bear down on the
Handlebar as you simulate a rider going over a slippery surface.
Ask riders to watch the tires as they spin out. Point out that traction loss can be instantaneous and
dramatic.
Optional: Outdoor Riding Skills
Depending on weather and available riding environment, the rider will experience the following terrain
features and take during an outside ride.
Narrow Sidewalk
Traverse a narrow pathway without hitting any cones. Slow down to correct alignment. Keep equal
distance from each edge.
Inclines/Declines
The Segway HT has the capability to climb and descend gentle hills.
Avoid steep slopes. A person is more likely to slip walking up or down a steep slope because he
needs more traction. In the same way, if you ride your Segway HT up or down a steep slope, you are
more likely to lose traction and fall. To be safe, you should avoid riding up or down steep slopes.
Lean into turns and lean uphill. When riding a Segway HT, you must lean in the same way. You are
responsible for maintaining side-to-side balance by leaning uphill when riding across slopes (or
whenever one wheel is higher than the other) and by leaning into turns. If you fail to actively maintain
this side-to-side balance, the Segway HT will tip sideways and you, and the Segway HT could fall.
This is why you must always lean into turns, avoid riding across steep slopes, and lean uphill when
riding across any slope.
The instructor must guide the rider up and down the slope each time until she is certain participants
have the correct form. Instructor should spot the rider closely.
> Lean forward to go up, pushing on your toes rather than the pushing Handlebar.
> Lean backward to go down, pushing on your heals, rather than pulling Handlebar.
> Practice stopping half way up and down, to gain confidence and control.
> Achieve a smooth ascent and descent without jolting.
> Do not stop on the transition between the flat ground and the slope.
> Align yourself squarely in center of ramp, not too close to either edge.
> Come to a stop, correct alignment, and continue.
> Approach the incline squarely.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 66 of 106
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Be prepared to increase forward lean to ride up incline.
Single Wheel Terrain Features (Potholes)
Discuss the fact that most downtown/city riding environments have many potholes and curb cuts.
These pose a challenging environment that may cause over-confident riders to ignore the potential
problems.
Illustrate the lateral instability that tends to happen when you hit a pothole going at a little speed.
Reinforce the need to go through curb cuts squarely and with caution, and NOT to stop in a hole,
and then attempt to start moving again. If you stop in a hole, to be safe, you must get off the Segway
HT and pull it out of the hole onto flat ground before continuing to ride.
Avoid single wheel terrain features. Riding over a pothole, rock or slippery surface with one wheel
may cause the Segway HT to turn suddenly. This may lead to a loss of stability. These situations
can make the HT trip, just like a person.
For example, a person may trip if she unexpectedly hits an obstacle with her foot or steps into a hole
or off a curb. The person leans forward, expecting to take a normal stride, but the obstacle, hole, or
curb prevents her leg from moving as expected, and she trips. The Segway HT can trip in the same
way. If a Segway HT wheel runs into an obstacle, wall, hole, or off a curb or step, the Segway HT
might not be able to move as necessary to stay upright, and the Segway HT and rider could fall. To
be safe, you must avoid riding into holes, walls, other obstacles, or into or off curbs or steps.
If you cannot avoid single wheel terrain features, use the following guidelines:
> Step off and use Power Assist Mode if there is any question about your ability to ride over the
terrain.
> If riding, look ahead and anticipate terrain features, keep arms, legs bent, relaxed, hands loose to
avoid twisting the Steering Grip.
> If riding, lean uphill to absorb the impact with your knees and body.
Instruct riders to:
> Ride off obstacle squarely.
> Be prepared for lateral instability.
> Bend knees and absorb the shock of landing.
> Shift weight to upper foot while coming out of the hole.
> Slowly ride off curb.
> Instructor should closely spot the rider on the initial attempts.
Conduct an open discussion on other obstacles to avoid. Encourage the group to think of things that
could be dangerous to ride and should not be ridden over/under/on/through including puddles (you
never know how deep they might be or what is on the bottom), fire hydrants, tree limbs, overhead
street signs, tree roots, a garden hose, cabling, rebar, chain, frost heaves, loose sand, metal plates
and grates, etc.
Summary
Review your experiences.
Discuss the capabilities of the rider and the Segway HT.
Explain how the environment affects your capabilities.
Discuss characteristics of Segway etiquette.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
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Page 67 of 106
Session 6
Maintenance and Service
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire group
Perform customer-serviceable parts procedures on the Segway HT. Make sure you have
tools (see “Required Tools” on page 74) and supplies:
Classroom/floor space
Interpretation of written procedures, observation and experiential learning—watching and
performing maintenance procedures on the Segway HT
Timing
Summary and Q&A
Total Time
5 min
15 min
Introduction
The Segway HT has been designed for low maintenance. There are, however, several maintenance
procedures with which all operators should be familiar. In this session, we will talk about tire pressure,
Battery Pack charging, and cleaning. Additionally we will examine a listing of user-serviceable parts
along with the procedures for replacing them.
Objectives
Upon completion of this session the rider should be able to:
> Perform routine user adjustments and maintenance
> Safely handle and charge the Battery Packs
> Replace common wear items
> Securely package Segway HT for shipment back to the factory
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Segway HT Maintenance
> Replacing User-serviceable Parts
> Packing Your Segway HT for Shipment
> Summary
Segway HT Maintenance
Segway Customer Operations can answer your questions about your Segway HT via the Web, email,
or phone. If you have a question about parts or replacement procedures, please contact us using the
information below:
Hours of Support Operation
8:00 am - 8:00 pm Eastern Time, Monday - Friday
(Except Segway observed holidays)
Phone: 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929)
Fax: (603) 222-6001
Email: technicalsupport@segway.com
Review the Limited Warranty for specific information. You will receive the Limited Warranty document
with your Segway HT.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 68 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Procedures for replacing or installing User–serviceable parts include:
> Replacing the Battery Packs
> Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly
> Replacing the Mat
> Securing or Replacing the Front Trim
> Replacing the Fender
> Replacing a Parking Stand (i Series only)
> Replacing the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly
> Replacing the Fixed Grip
> Replacing the Steering Grip
> Replacing the Charge Port Cover
> Replacing the Control Shaft Clamp
> Installing an Upper Frame and Bag Cargo Structure
Cleaning and Exposure to Water
All parts of the Segway HT can be cleaned with soap and water and a soft cloth. the Segway HT is
designed to withstand brief exposure to water, but not submersion. Avoid submerging the Battery
Packs or Platform. Avoid getting water in the Charge Port. Always close the Charge Port Cover after
charging. Do not use a high-pressure hose. Never clean the Mat or tires with any specialized
cleaners (such as Armor All). These products may reduce traction.
If Your Mat Sticks to the HT Platform
If pressing the Mode Button does not cause the Segway HT to power down or change into Power
Assist Mode, your Segway HT Mat may be sticking to the riding Platform. If this happens, lift the Mat
to release it, while being careful to hold onto your Segway HT, and not to move it forward or
backward. If the problem persists, call Segway Customer Operations at 1-866-4SEGWAY.
Tire Pressure
Recommended tire air pressure for each model is as follows:
Model
i Series
p Series
e Series
Optimum Pressure
15 psi
(103 kPa)
22 psi
(152 kPa)
15 psi
(103 kPa)
Changing tire pressure will affect traction, shock absorption and range in the following ways:
Tire Pressure
Traction
Shock
Absorption
Range
Lower Pressure
↑
↑
↓
Higher Pressure
↓
↓
↑
Batteries
Two rechargeable Battery Packs power your Segway HT. Take some time to read and understand
these guidelines for your own safety and to extend the life of the Battery Packs.
Segway HT NiMH Battery Packs will discharge (i.e. power the Segway HT) until they reach 135°F
(57°C). The Battery Packs will generally be significantly warmer than ambient temperatures due to
the heating that occurs as electricity passes through the Battery Packs.
At 135°F (57°C), the Speed Limiter will be activated to reduce any internal heating caused by high
discharge currents. The Display face will also change from a green smiling face to a green straight
face.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 69 of 106
At 140°F Battery Pack temperature (60°C), the Segway HT will perform a Safety Shutdown. This
temperature can potentially damage the Battery Packs. The Segway HT can be restarted and will
operate normally when the Battery Packs have cooled down.
Safety Guidelines
WARNING! Unplug and disconnect your Segway HT from AC power before removing or installing
Battery Packs. It is hazardous to work on any part of your Segway HT when it is plugged into AC
power. You risk serious bodily injury from electric shock as well as damage to your Segway HT.
The cells within the Battery Packs contain toxic substances. Do not attempt to open Battery Packs.
Do not insert any object into the Battery Packs or use any device to pry at the Battery Pack casing. If
you insert an object into any of the Battery Packs’ ports or openings you could suffer electric shock,
injury, burns, or cause a fire. Attempting to open the Battery Pack casing will damage the casing and
could release toxic and harmful substances.
Use care when handling the Battery Packs. If you are transporting your Segway HT, be sure to
protect the Battery Packs to avoid damage during shipment. If the casing or gaskets of a Battery Pack
should break open, leak any substance, become excessively hot, or if you detect an unusual odor, do
not use the Battery Pack. Do not handle a damaged or leaking Battery Pack unless you are wearing
protective rubber gloves. Dispose of the rubber gloves and damaged Battery Pack properly in
accordance with regulations governing disposal of toxic materials.
Keep Battery Packs out of reach of children and pets. Ingesting toxic substances and exposure to
battery voltage could result in death or serious injury.
Charging
Heat is produced when charging NiMH Battery Packs. It is very important to the life and performance
of the Battery Packs that they remain in the appropriate temperature range during charging.
If you attempt to charge the Battery Packs, and the Battery Pack temperature is below 32°F (0°C) or
above 40°C (104°F), the Battery Packs will not “quick charge” (solid green LEDs/second stage of
charging). The charge supply will continue to blink, indicating a slow or trickle charge, until the
temperature stabilizes inside the range. This is to protect the Battery Packs from damage.
Even if you leave the Segway HT plugged in for an extended period of time (beyond six hours), and
return to see the LEDs blinking, the Battery Packs may have trickle-charged the entire time; which will
have put only a small amount of energy into the Battery Pack. There may not be enough power to
ride safely. You should unplug the Segway HT, wait for the Batteries to stabilize within the
recommended temperature parameters, and then begin charging.
To maximize battery life and performance, follow this procedure to charge your new Segway HT.
Battery Packs before the first use and after the first five uses:
1. As soon as possible and before your first use, charge the Battery Packs
for at least 12 hours. Charging is best performed at room temperature.
2. Limit the duration of the first five uses of your Segway HT so that you do
not discharge the Battery Packs below the charge level illustrated at right:
3. After each of your first five uses, charge the Battery Packs for at least
eight hours.
In order to maintain the best performance from your Segway HT Battery Packs, charge your Battery
Packs for at least 12 hours once a month, or once every 12 hours of operation— whichever comes
first.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 70 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Even if you do not intend to immediately use your new Segway HT, you should still charge the
Battery Packs for at least 12 hours as soon as possible. You should always plug your Segway HT into
AC power when it is not in use. Otherwise, the Battery Packs could fully discharge over time, causing
them permanent damage. You do not need to worry about overcharging.
Do not store your Segway HT or Battery Packs for more than one month without charging. This could
cause permanent damage to the Battery Packs.
To Charge the Segway HT Battery Packs
1. Make sure the Charge Port is dry. Do not insert the plug if it is wet.
2. Plug one end of the Power Cord (provided with your Segway HT) into the Charge Port in the
Control Shaft Base.
3. Plug the other end of the Power Cord into a grounded AC outlet (100 V to 240 V; 50 Hz to 60
Hz). The Power Cord should be properly grounded for charging.
Charging Indicators
The Control Shaft Base has two LED (Light Emitting
Diode) charging indicators located below the Charge
Port.
The left charging indicator corresponds to the front
Battery Pack, the right to the rear Battery Pack. They are
marked with an “F” and “R,” respectively. The charging
indicators provide independent information regarding
whether each Battery Pack is charging. Any time the LED
green light is on, the respective Battery Pack is receiving
a pulse of current. Slow pulse rates are slow charging
rates, faster rates denote faster charging, and solid green
is the maximum charge rate.
Charging Process
There are four stages in the charging process:
1. Immediately after the Segway HT is plugged in, the Battery Packs perform a test to determine
if it is appropriate to charge at the maximum charge rate. While this test is occurring, the
Battery Packs charge slowly at a trickle rate. The charging indicator pulses green every few
seconds, giving the Battery Pack short pulses of current.
2. After about two minutes (longer if the Battery Packs are very warm, cold, or completely
discharged), the Battery Packs will begin charging at the fast rate, with the charging indicator
glowing solid green.
3. The Battery Pack electronics will monitor the Battery Pack voltage and temperature to
determine when it is full and will then start pulsing at a rapid rate. This rapid pulsing rate will
continue for approximately three hours while a cell balancing process is completed to
distribute the energy throughout all the cells in the Battery Packs.
4. At the end of the cell balancing process, the pulse rate will become slow and will continue at
the slow rate until the Segway HT is unplugged.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 71 of 106
Charging Failures
If a failure is detected during charging, all charging will stop. Depending on the nature of the failure, a
solid red charging indicator light will be displayed or the charging indicator will be off.
If either or both charging indicators are off or red, do this:
> If the charging indicators are off (no illumination), check to make sure that AC power is present.
> If AC power is present and the charging indicators are either red or off, disconnect from AC
power, then remove and reseat the Battery Pack(s), following the instructions on page 75.
> If this does not resolve the problem, contact Segway Customer Operations at 1-866-4SEGWAY
(1-866-473-4929).
Before Each Ride—Remember to Close the Charge Port Cover
Close the Charge Port Cover except when you are charging the Segway HT. Closing the Charge Port
Cover will prevent water, dirt, dust, and other contaminates from entering through the Charge Port
and causing damage to your Segway HT.
Battery Charge Level Display
The dashed ring around the perimeter of the Display indicates the battery charge level. The following
series of displays illustrates a gradually depleting battery charge while in Balance Mode:
Full charge
Low charge
This series of displays illustrates the same battery charge levels while in Power Assist Mode:
Full charge
Low charge
The Segway HT will display intermediate battery charge levels using flashing segments (e.g., a
battery at approximately 90 percent will display a flashing top bar).
If the battery charge level is very low, the Segway HT will notify you of a pending empty battery
condition prior to initiating Safety Shutdown (see page 58).
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 72 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Do not ride your Segway HT if there is inadequate charge in the Battery Packs (indicated by the red
unhappy face icon in the Display and no segments around the perimeter). Carefully monitor your
Display and be prepared to step off if your battery charge becomes completely depleted.
The battery charge level display shows the relative charge level. No battery gauge is accurate
enough to predict exactly when your battery charge will be totally depleted. It is best to keep track of
your battery charge level and recharge whenever possible.
In certain situations, such as riding uphill, the battery charge level display may temporarily drop
because you are drawing heavily on the Battery Packs. The battery charge level display should return
to the actual charge level once you return to level ground and reduce the load on the Battery Packs.
Surface Charge
Surface charge is a common side effect that results in inaccurate battery charge level information
when you have not fully charged batteries.
Whenever you do not fully charge the Segway HT’s Battery Packs (i.e., complete the cell balancing
process, see page 70), or when you are not drawing any power for a period of time, there is a
possibility of surface charge affecting the battery charge level display. This could cause the display to
falsely show a greater charge level. After you power on, check the battery charge level display, then
ride for at least three or four minutes and check the battery charge level display again. If the battery
charge level display shows rapid charge depletion during these three or four minutes, you should
conclude that the Battery Packs had only a surface charge. In that case, plug the Segway HT back in
and recharge.
Battery Pack Temperature Parameters
The Battery Packs will generally be significantly warmer than the air temperature due to heating that
occurs as electricity is delivered from them. If the Battery Packs on your Segway HT become too hot
or too cold while riding, the Segway HT may reduce performance (Display icon with straight mouth,
Speed Limiter and possibly Stick Shake Warning) or perform Safety Shutdown. Ease up. If
performance does not return to normal, stop riding and allow your Battery Packs to warm or cool to
within the recommended operating temperature range.
Your Battery Packs should be as close as possible to the optimum charging temperature range prior
to and during charging (see page 11). If your Battery Packs are too hot or too cold, the charging
indicator will continue to blink, indicating a slow or trickle charge, until the battery temperature is
within or near the optimum charging temperature range. Once stabilized within this range, the fast
charge will begin and the charging indicator will be solid green.
If the charging indicator lights remain blinking throughout the entire time that the Segway HT is
plugged in, then the Battery Packs have trickle charged the entire time. This will provide only a small
amount of energy into the Battery Packs.
If you are concerned that the Battery Packs may be too cold or overheated during charging:
> Check the charging indicators to make sure they show solid green, indicating fast charge.
> If the charging indicators do not show solid green within 15 minutes after the Segway HT is
plugged in, move the Segway HT to a location within or near the optimum charging temperature
range.
> After the Battery Packs are within the proper temperature range, reconnect the Power Cord.
If the charging indicators still do not show solid green within 15 minutes, contact Segway Customer
Operations at www.segway.com or call 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
In Hot Conditions, You Can Improve Charging By:
> Moving the Segway HT or off board charging unit out of the sun, or off of hot asphalt. (Into an airconditioned environment is best!)
> Placing a fan near the Segway HT or off board charging unit to blow air over the batteries.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 73 of 106
Regenerative Braking
The Segway HT has a regenerative braking system that charges the Battery Packs when descending
a hill or slowing down.
Replacing Battery Packs
Battery Packs should last the equivalent of 300 to 500 full charges. As your Battery Packs near the
end of their useful life, you will notice that they need more frequent charging and that your
Segway HT has reduced range. You may order replacement Battery Packs by contacting Segway
Customer Operations at www.segway.com or calling 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
Replace Battery Packs in Pairs
Whenever you replace a Battery Pack, consider replacing both Battery Packs. Replacing only one
Battery Pack will not necessarily increase the performance or range of your Segway HT. This is
because the Segway HT is designed to operate at the level allowed by the lower-energy Battery
Pack. This is a safety feature.
Replacing User-Serviceable Parts
If a part breaks or needs replacement, contact Segway Customer Operations. Certain parts are userserviceable and Segway provides those replacement parts with installation instructions. Use only
Segway-provided parts and fasteners.
WARNING! Always shut down your Segway HT and unplug the Power Cord before performing any
maintenance or installing any part or accessory.
Disclaimer; Updates; Warnings.
These parts replacement instructions and the information contained in these parts replacement instructions are
provided “as is” without any representation or warranty, express or implied, of any kind, including, but not limited
to, warranties of merchantability, noninfringement, or fitness for any particular purpose.
The only warranties applicable to Segway replacement parts are stated on the “Segway™ Human Transporter
Replacement Parts Limited Warranty” delivered with the replacement part. Segway makes no other express or
implied warranty.
Segway may update these parts replacement instructions. Segway will post notices of parts replacement
instructions updates at www.segway.com. Before using these parts replacement instructions, the user must
check for such updates.
If a user is in doubt as to how to proceed with any replacement of a part on a Segway product, the user should
contact Segway Customer Support at www.segway.com or 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929) with any
questions.
Each procedure in these instructions for replacement of a part includes specific warnings, cautions, and
instructions applicable to that specific procedure. Users must follow those specific warnings, cautions, and
instructions.
Improperly replacing a part on a Segway product exposes the person replacing the part (and subsequent users
of the Segway product) to risk of injury and also risks causing damage to the Segway product. Users must
comply with all warnings, cautions, and instructions contained in these Parts Replacement Instructions and that
may be issued by Segway as updates.
Use only Segway provided replacement parts and fasteners when replacing parts on Segway products.
If any user discovers any error in these Parts Replacement Instructions, the user should notify Segway Customer
Support at www.segway.com or 1-866-4SEGWAY (1-866-473-4929).
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 74 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Required Tools
You will need the following tools:
> Hex wrenches, sizes 2.5, 3, 4 and 5MM
> Torque wrench with parameters where 50 Newton Meters (N-m) falls near the middle of the range
> 16MM deep socket
> T-15 or T-20 six lobed wrench (depending on Segway HT vintage)
> Flathead screwdriver
> Air pressure gauge
> Tire pump
> Plastic or rubber mallet
> Alcohol wipes
> Tweezers
HT Fastener Guidelines
1. Use only Segway-provided fasteners.
2. Do not reuse any fastener except for the screws used to attach the Battery Packs, Control Shaft
clamp bolt, and wheel nuts. Instead, when any other fastener is removed, replace the fastener
with a new Segway-provided fastener.
3. Before using a fastener, make certain the fastener is the correct size and type.
4. Do not attempt to repair any stripped or damaged screw hole. Instead, replace the part.
5. Insert fasteners slowly and carefully. Do not cross-thread or over-tighten fasteners. Tighten only
to the prescribed torque. If a fastener is cross-threaded, call Segway Customer Operations at 1866-4SEGWAY.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 75 of 106
Replacing the Battery Packs
Tools Required: 3.0mm hex wrench, torque wrench
Before you begin:
Directions:
WARNING! Do not attempt to open Battery
Packs. The cells within the Battery Packs
contain toxic substances. If the casing of a
Battery Pack is broken or if a Battery Pack
emits an unusual odor or excessive heat or
leaks any substance, do not use the Battery
Pack. Do not handle a damaged or leaking
Battery Pack unless you are wearing
protective rubber gloves. Dispose of rubber
gloves and damaged Battery Pack properly in
accordance with regulations governing
disposal of toxic materials.
Use care when handling Battery Packs. If you
are transporting your Segway HT, be sure to
protect the Battery Packs to avoid damage
during shipment.
Tip the Segway HT to expose the bottom of the
chassis and
Inspect Battery Pack gaskets (foam rubber
material surrounding the connector). Gaskets
need to be in place and in good condition.
1. Use 3mm hex wrench to remove screws of
the Battery Pack(s) you wish to replace (4
per Battery Pack).
Keep Battery Packs out of reach of children
and pets.
2. Pull the Battery Packs straight off of the
chassis.
Always shut down your Segway HT and
unplug the power cord before performing any
maintenance or installing any part or
accessory.
3. Seat the new Battery Packs on the chassis
with the curved edge facing outside of
chassis.
Read and follow the warning label on the
Battery Pack.
Follow these instructions carefully. Failure to
follow these instructions carefully could
damage your Segway HT and render it unsafe
to use.
4. Thread in the four socket screws and torque
to 0.5 N-m. (Do not over-tighten.)
In order to maximize battery life and
performance, you must follow the procedure for
charging and conditioning new Segway HT
Battery Packs, beginning on page 68.
Do not mix Battery Pack types. The Segway
HT uses 2 NiCd or 2 NiMH Battery Packs. The
Segway HT operates at the performance level
allowed by the lesser battery. Whenever you
replace a Battery Pack, you should consider
replacing both Battery Packs.
Contact the Rechargeable Battery Recycling
Corporation (RBRC) for proper recycling
procedures. Telephone 1-800-822-8837 or
visit www.rbrc.org.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 76 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly
Tools Required: 16mm socket wrench, rubber or plastic mallet, torque wrench,
alcohol wipes, air pressure gauge, tire pump
Before you begin:
>
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and not
plugged into AC.
>
Place a carpet or pad on the floor, to protect
the wheel when you tip the Segway HT onto
its side.
>
Tip the Segway HT onto its side so that the
Tire/Wheel Assembly to be replaced faces up
Remove all cargo bags.
Do not attempt to separate tire from wheel.
Check tire air pressure regularly. Inflate i and e
Series tires to 15 psi (103 kPa) and p Series tires
to 22 psi (152 kPa). Insufficiently inflated tires can
reduce mileage, affect performance, and break
wheels. Over-inflated tires reduce suspension
performance and tire traction.
Check tightness of wheel nuts for safe operation.
Torque wheel nuts to 50.0 N-m.
Directions:
Removal Instructions
1. Remove the wheel nut with a 16mm deep
socket wrench. Hold the wheel from rotating
and turn the wrench counter clockwise. (This
may require considerable force.)
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
2. Strike down on the outside edge of the
tire with a rubber mallet to unseat the
wheel hub taper. (This may require
multiple attempts and considerable
force, as the wheel hub is tight to the
gearbox taper.)
3. Remove the wheel.
Installation Instructions
(Note: Replace any fasteners you remove
when performing this installation with the
new fasteners included in the replacement
kit, unless reinstalling existing wheel).
4. Clean the gearbox taper and the wheel
hub taper with alcohol wipes.
5. Place the new wheel hub opening over
the gearbox shaft; rotate the wheel while
pressing down until the wheel seats.
6. Thread on the new wheel nut and torque
to 50 N-m.
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Page 77 of 106
Replacing the Mat
Tools Required: none
Before you begin:
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and not
plugged into an AC outlet.
If Segway HT is an e Series, you must first
remove lower cargo bags and structure.
Directions:
1. Lift Mat off Platform. For i and e Series
models only, pull both “ears” of the Mat
inward, out of fender channels.
2. Before installing Mat, make sure top of
Platform and bottom of Mat are clean, dry,
and free of debris.
4. For i and e Series models only, press
ears back into the fender channels.
3. Place new Mat on Platform and press down.
Securing or Replacing the Front Trim
Tools Required: none
Before you begin:
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and not
plugged into an AC outlet.
Directions:
1. To remove the trim, pull from the bottom and
lift up.
2. If you are replacing the trim, peel the old
hook-and-loop fastener pad from the CSB,
and install the new adhesive-backed hookand-loop fastener pad.
3. Line up the hook-and-loop fastener. Match the
two tabs on the top of the front trim with those
on the CSB and lower trim back into place.
4. Use thumb pressure in areas where trim is still
loose.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 78 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Replacing the Fender
Tools Required: T-15 or T-20 six lobed wrench (depending on fastener size), 16mm deep
socket wrench, torque wrench capable of 1.5 N-m to 50 N-m, plastic or rubber
mallet, alcohol wipes
Before you begin:
>
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and
not plugged into AC.
>
Place a carpet or pad on the floor, to
protect the wheel when you tip the Segway
HT onto its side.
>
Tip the Segway HT onto its side so that the
fender to be replaced faces up
Directions:
Removal Instructions
1. Remove the Tire/Wheel Assembly—see
“Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly” on
page 76.
4. Pull up on the front side of the fender and
flex the fender away from the gearbox.
5. Remove the fender from the gearbox. (The
fender is positioned around the gearbox
and requires some twisting for removal.)
Installations Instructions
(Note: Replace any fasteners you remove
when performing this installation with the new
fasteners included in the kit)
6. Install the fender making sure to flex it
around the gearbox. When seated
properly, the fender will be held in place by
the gearbox and the 6 screw locations will
align with the screw locations in the
chassis and gearbox.
7. Thread in the 6 new fender screws and
torque to 1.5 N-m (do not over tighten).
There is one hole in the fender that does
not line up with a threaded hole in the
gearbox. Do not install a screw here.
2. For i and e Series models only, pull both
“ears” of the Mat inward, out of fender
channels.
3. Remove the six fender screws using the
appropriately sized (T-15 or T-20) six lobed
wrench.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
8. Install the Tire/Wheel Assembly—see
“Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly” on
page 76.
9. For i and e Series models only, press ears
back into the fender channels.
10. Tip your Segway HT up onto its wheels.
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Page 79 of 106
Replacing a Parking Stand (i Series only)
Tools Required: 4mm hex wrench, T-15 or T-20 six lobed wrench (depending on fastener size),
16mm socket wrench, alcohol wipes, plastic or rubber mallet, torque wrench
Before you begin:
Tip the Segway HT onto its side so that the outside
of the left wheel lays flat against a clean smooth
surface.
Replace any fasteners you remove when
performing this installation with the new
fasteners included in the replacement kit
Parking Stand Installation Instructions
6.
Set the new Parking Stand on the side
of the Chassis.
7.
Align the two screw holes (ensuring
that the Parking Stand bracket is flush
against the Chassis).
8.
Thread in the two new hex head
screws and torque to 0.5 N-m with a
hex wrench (do not over tighten).
Install the Fender— See “Replacing the
Fender” on page 78.
Directions:
1.
Remove the Tire/Wheel Assembly—See
“Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly” on
page 76.
9.
2.
Remove the Fender—See “Replacing the
Fender” on page 78.
10. Install the Tire/Wheel Assembly— See
“Replacing a Tire/Wheel Assembly” on
page 76.
Parking Stand Removal Instructions
3.
Remove the two Parking Stand screws using a
4mm hex wrench.
4.
Disengage the Parking Stand lever from the
Mat.
5.
Remove the Parking Stand.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
11. Tip your Segway HT up onto its wheels
and test the operation of the new
Parking Stand.
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Replacing the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly
Tools Required: 4mm or 5 mm hex wrench (depending on the size of the fastener), torque
wrench
Before you begin:
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and not
plugged into an AC outlet. It is unsafe to perform
this procedure while you are charging your
Segway HT.
Directions:
1. Loosen the Height Adjustment Collar and
slide the upper portion of the Control Shaft
fully into the lower portion of the Control
Shaft.
2. Gently tighten the Height Adjustment Collar.
3. Using the appropriate size (4mm or 5mm)
hex wrench, loosen (but do not remove) the
Control Shaft Clamp Bolt.
4. Carefully lift the Handlebar/Control Shaft
upwards and out of the Control Shaft Base
far enough to expose the two cord
connections.
5. Separate the cords at the connections by
depressing the locking tabs and gently
pulling the cords apart.
6. Inspect the pins inside each connector to
make sure they are not bent or broken. Bent
or broken pins could result in a Safety
Shutdown. If you observe bent or broken
pins, contact Segway Customer Operations.
7. Reattach the two connectors. The
connectors are keyed and color-coded to
indicate the proper matching. Connect the
yellow cord from the Handlebar/Control
Shaft to the yellow cord in the Control Shaft
Base. Connect the black cord from the
Handlebar/Control Shaft to the black cord in
the Control Shaft Base. Make sure the
locking tabs engage. When you make these
connections, you should hear and feel a
click.
8. Loosen the Height Adjustment Collar and
carefully extend the Control Shaft to
approximately one-half its full extended
length (to reduce the risk of pinching the
cords when reinstalling the
Handlebar/Control Shaft in the Control
Shaft Base).
9. Tighten the Height Adjustment Collar.
10. Insert the Handlebar/Control Shaft fully
into the Control Shaft Base, making
certain the cord connections remain
attached, the cords are not pinched, and
the rubber O-ring (near the bottom of the
Handlebar/Control Shaft) is tight against
the top of the Control Shaft Base.
11. Lay the Segway HT down forward onto
the Handlebar to properly align the
Handlebar parallel with the front of the
Platform.
12. Use the appropriate size (4mm or 5 mm)
hex wrench to tighten the Control Shaft
Clamp Bolt to torque 6.8 N-m.
You may wish to disconnect the Handlebar/ Control Shaft from the Control Shaft Base. This may
make it easier to transport the Segway HT. To remove the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly,
follow the procedure described in the previous steps 1 through 5. The Handlebar/ Control Shaft
is then disconnected from the Control Shaft Base. To reconnect the Handlebar/Control Shaft to
the Control Shaft Base, follow the procedures described in steps 6 through 13.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
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Page 81 of 106
Replacing the Fixed Grip
Tools Required: 5.0mm hex wrench, torque wrench
Before you begin:
>
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and
not plugged into an AC outlet.
>
Do not use the Parking Stand to support
the Segway HT while performing this
procedure. The Parking Stand is not
designed to withstand the forces that may
be generated. Instead, support the
Platform with an object so that you have
easy access to the Handlebar.
Directions:
Removal Instructions
1. Remove the fastener at the end of the
Handlebar on the Fixed Grip side using a
5mm hex wrench.
2. Slide the Fixed Grip off of the Handlebar.
Installation Instructions
Replace all old components, including
fasteners, with the materials included in this
kit
3. Orient the new Fixed Grip so that the key
on the inside opening aligns with the
groove on the Handlebar, and slide the
grip all the way on.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
4. Thread in the new fastener and torque to
6.8 N-m with a 5mm hex wrench.
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Replacing the Steering Grip
Tools Required: 5.0mm hex wrench, torque wrench
Before you begin:
>
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and
not plugged into an AC outlet.
>
Do not use the Parking Stand to support
the Segway HT while performing this
procedure. The Parking Stand is not
designed to withstand the forces that may
be generated. Instead, support the
Platform with an object so that you have
easy access to the Handlebar.
Directions:
Removal Instructions
1. Remove the fastener at the end of the
Handlebar on the Steering Grip side using
a 5mm hex wrench.
2. Slide the Fixed Steering Grip and Steering
Control Grip off of the Handlebar.
Installation Instructions
Replace all old components, including
fasteners, with the materials included in this
kit
3. Orient the new Steering Control Grip so
that the raised contour is facing up and
toward the front of the Segway HT, and
the rib is facing straight down.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
4. Slide the Steering Control Grip all the
way on.
5. Orient the Fixed Steering Grip so the key
on the inside opening aligns with the
groove on the handlebar, and slide the
grip all the way on.
6. Thread in the new fastener and torque to
6.8 N-m with a 5mm hex wrench.
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Page 83 of 106
Replacing the Charge Port Cover
Tools Required: flathead screwdriver, alcohol wipes, tweezers
Before you begin:
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and the
AC power cord is removed.
CAUTION! The Charge Port Cover is an
environmental seal and must be replaced if
damaged.
Directions:
Removal Instructions
1. If necessary, remove the original Charge
Port Cover from the Control Shaft Base
(CSB) by gently prying the bottom of the
cover with a flathead screwdriver.
5. Press the Charge Port Cover onto the AC
power receptacle until it snaps into place.
(You may need to squeeze the left and
right edges of the cover together while
inserting it into the opening.
6. Press firmly around the entire surface of
the cover until it is securely locked in place.
Be sure that the rubber seal is in contact
with the metal of the Control Shaft Base all
the way around the Charge Port Cover.
2. Moisten a clean rag with solvent and
wipe away adhesive residue from the
Control Shaft Base.
Installation Instructions
3. Use tweezers to peel the adhesive
release sheet from the pink rubber seal
on the back of the new Charge Port
Cover.
4. Orient the new Charge Port Cover so
that the opening lines up with the AC
power receptacle. (The rubber flap hinge
from the bottom.) The tabs of the cover
flap must be within the groove on the
back side of the Charge Port Cover.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 84 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Replacing the Control Shaft Clamp
Tools Required: 4.0mm hex wrench, torque wrench
The two rubber wedges found in the Control Shaft Base (CSB) hold the Control Shaft in place.
Loosening the bolt will allow removal of the Control Shaft. Tightening the 4mm bolt holds the
Control Shaft in place and prevents it from rotating.
If the Control Shaft rotates even when the wedge clamp is tightened, then the Control Shaft
bearing may have broken. If the inner Control Shaft rotates within the outer Control Shaft, this
bearing is most likely broken and needs replacement by a trained service technician. Control
Shaft clamp parts must always be replaced as a kit.
Before you begin:
>
Make sure the Segway HT is shut down
and not plugged into an AC outlet.
>
Remove any accessories from the Control
Shaft.
>
Make sure the Segway HT is stabilized
while you work on it.
Directions:
1. Remove the Handlebar/Control Shaft
Assembly from the CSB (see “Replacing
the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly”
on page 80).
2. Push the Control Shaft Clamp parts out
from inside of CSB.
6. Tighten the Control Shaft Clamp bolt to
6.8 N-m.
3. Push in new the Control Shaft Clamp
parts with the threaded clamp on the right
side. Orient the curved sides toward the
center.
7. Install the Handlebar/Control Shaft
Assembly from the CSB (see “Replacing
the Handlebar/Control Shaft Assembly” on
page 80).
4.
Install Control Shaft Clamp bolt (M5 x 0.8
x 45 socket head cap 4mm hex) on the
left side
5. Make sure the Handlebar is straight by
laying the Segway HT onto its forward
with Handlebar on ground.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 85 of 106
Installing an Upper Frame and Bag Cargo Structure
Tools Required: 2.5mm and 4mm hex wrenches, torque wrench
Before you begin:
>
Make sure Segway HT is shut down and
not plugged into an AC outlet.
>
Do not use the parking stand to support
the Segway HT while performing this
procedure. The parking stand is not
designed to withstand the forces that may
be generated. Instead, position the
Segway HT so that you have easy access
to the front of the Handlebar and Control
Shaft.
Directions:
1. If present, remove the two button head
screws located on the bottom of the
handlebar using a 4mm hex wrench.
2. Align the holes in the wire frame with the
screw locations in the bottom of the
handlebar so that the frame is on the
front side of the control shaft.
3. Install the two button head screws
through the holes in the wire frame and
into the bottom of the handlebar using a
4mm hex wrench and torque to 7.5 N-m.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
4. Install the clamp on the control shaft just
above the height adjustment collar with the
hook facing forward and up.
5. Note: Replace any fasteners you remove
when performing this installation with the
new fasteners included in the kit.
6. Slide the clamp up to the wire frame so that
the wire frame rests in the hook.
7. Install the clamp screw and with a 2.5mm
hex wrench torque to 1.5 N-m. (The gap
between the halves of the clamp should be
about 4mm.)
8. Lightly tap the wire frame so that it snaps in
the hook of the clamp.
9. Drape the cargo bag over the handlebar so
that the Display and Key Port are not
obstructed.
10. Secure the hook and loop straps around
the wire frame at the bottom and sides of
the bag.
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Post-repair Checklist
Display and Audibility Test
LCD – display (Make sure the display properly shows startup test; and Segway HT turns on
in Power Assist Mode without an error message in the display.)
Sound (Make sure Segway HT produces a beep when a Key is used to power on the
Segway HT.)
Charging indicator check at the Control Shaft Base (see “Charging Indicators” on page 70.)
Operational Test
Check for obstructions under the Mat.
Check the Control Shaft for tightness.
Power the Segway HT on and off two times.
Power on the Segway HT to test the Rider Detect Sensors. (Make sure that the display does
not indicate that a Rider Detect Sensor is engaged at startup, and that the Segway HT does
detect a Rider Detect Sensor is depressed when you place your foot on the Mat.)
While holding the Platform of the Segway HT level, press and release the Mode Button to
switch from Power Assist Mode to Balance Mode, look for the green smiling face in the
display.
Ride the Segway HT.
Move forward and backward.
Check Power Assist Mode both forward and backward.
Check E-Stand functionality (e Series only).
Safety Check
Check that the fasteners are in place, secure, and tightened correctly.
Check the wheels for wear, tightness, and correct tire air pressure.
Check that the Mat is intact, secure, and free of debris.
Check the Grips for tightness; make sure Steering Control Grip returns to center.
Check to make sure that no part is damaged or loose.
Lifting and Loading Your Segway HT
Use safe and appropriate loading/lifting techniques when lifting your Segway HT. Make sure the
Segway HT is powered off prior to lifting. It is recommended that two people work together to lift the
Segway HT, with each placing a hand on the Control Shaft (under the Height Adjustment Collar) and
a hand under the Platform. Lift with your legs, not your back. Never lift the Segway HT by its tires,
fenders, or wheels because your hand could become caught between the tire and the fender,
resulting in injury.
Packing Your Segway HT for Shipment
Keep your original box and packing materials. Make sure you pack the Segway HT in the reverse
order from how you unpacked it. Shipping it in a non-Segway box can result in damage.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 87 of 106
Summary
Review these processes in preparation for the Operation and Maintenance Assessment exercise.
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
Bring the Segway HT to an open area using Power Assist Mode
Note the Battery Pack Charge level.
Check the Control Shaft for tightness/rotation and tighten Control Shaft Clamp bolt if
necessary.
Check the tire air pressure.
Perform brief external inspection of Segway HT including:
o Tires
o Wheels
o Battery Packs
o Fenders
o Mat
o Handlebar orientation
Remove and replace Control Shaft.
Remove and replace Battery Packs.
Ride the Segway HT.
Turn off the Segway HT.
Plug your Segway HT into AC power
Confirm that the Segway HT is charging.
Deploy the Parking Stand (i Series only).
Unplug your Segway HT and retract the Parking Stand
Turn on the Segway HT.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 88 of 106
>
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 7
Demonstrating and Guiding a Ride
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire class.
Learn how to keep new riders safe when they take their first ride.
Classroom/open space
Workshop
Timing
Introduction and Objectives, Demonstrating the Segway HT and Guiding a Ride
Summary
Total Time
25 min
5 min
30 min
Introduction
In this session, you will learn how to introduce a new rider to the Segway HT by allowing him/her to
experience its operation by a guided ride.
Objectives
Upon completion of this session the participant (the “Guide”) should be able to:
> Maintain control of the rider and Segway HT at all times
> Cope with challenging situations safely
> Select an environment free of hazards
> Explain the steering control of the Segway HT
> Help a new rider step on and off the Segway HT
> Stabilize a rider who is uncomfortable or oscillating
> Stop a rider who is not able to maintain control or is aggressive
> Stop a rider who is overconfident and under skilled
> Anticipate the rider’s style and customize your approach
> Provide a new rider with a safe and enjoyable first ride
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Tips and Techniques
> Demonstration and Guided Ride Workshop
> Summary
Tips and Techniques
When providing a riding experience, the Guide may have only a short time to communicate several
key concepts to the rider. Depending on the scope of the guided ride, the Guide must determine the
level of detail to include. Use your judgment to determine the scope of the ride and information you
are providing.
Keep in mind that your goal is to provide a safe and enjoyable experience, which exemplifies the
ease and utility of the Segway HT.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 89 of 106
The Guide should:
> Define his/her role - “Your safety during this short demonstration is my responsibility”
> Define the rider’s limits - “Please don’t get on or off until I tell you it’s OK”
> Define the Segway HT’s limits - “Don’t get on the Segway HT unless there is a green smiling
face”, “it’s not magic- you can make it fall”, “it needs traction to balance” etc.
Demonstrating a Ride
What constitutes a good demonstration ride?
What are the different types of demonstrations and guided rides you will encounter (see below.)?
What determines the type of experience you will provide?
Type of
Experience
Type 1:
Type 2:
“One of many rides”
“About 2 minutes
>
Demonstrate the entire operational
model from retracting the Parking
Stand, turning the Segway HT on
with Beginner Key, changing from
Power Assist to Balance mode,
stepping on and off, etc.
>
Demonstrate the Segway HT
by showing how it moves
forward, backward, stops and
turns.
>
Explain all functions of the Segway
HT including Steering Grip, Mode
Button, Display, and Rider Detect
Sensors.
>
Explain the Steering Grip and
Display. Answer any other
questions, but don’t offer
information.
>
Rider steps on, moves forward,
backward, stops and turns. Rider
may negotiate cones or try another
terrain. Rider then steps off.
>
Rider steps, moves forward,
backward, stops and turns,
rides once around an oval,
then steps off.
>
3-10 minute guided ride
>
1-3 minute guided ride
>
Show power assist.
>
Begin next ride.
Information
to Cover
Guiding a Ride
Always dismount the Segway HT, turn it off, and turn it back on with a Beginner Key prior to giving a
guided ride.
Guide Tips:
> Hold the Handlebar firmly and brace yourself every time the rider steps on or off the
Segway HT.
> When you are confident that the rider has control, release the Handlebar slowly, but stay very
close.
> Be prepared to hold the Handlebar. Always remain within an arm’s length of the Control Shaft
or Handlebar.
> Block access to the Platform physically or verbally, until you are ready to assist the rider as
she steps on
> Watch the rider’s foot placement – riders who can’t control fore/aft motion may have their feet
in the wrong place.
> Explain the steering control – “This is how you steer.” Show the rider a smooth motion,
contrast with an abrupt motion.
> Make sure the rider is not looking down - “Focus on something at eye level.”
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 90 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Challenging Situations
The Guide may encounter the following challenging situations. How will you avoid these challenges?
> Stepping On or Off Unexpectedly
> Pitch Oscillation
> Improper Foot Placement
> Turns Immediately
> Going for the Curb
Stepping On or Off Unexpectedly
This situation happens when the Guide is not ready for the rider to step up onto or down off of the
Platform. The danger is oscillation, moving backward or forward unintentionally, and loss of
confidence.
How to avoid it:
> Always have complete control of the Segway HT and provide clear concise instruction on when a
rider is allowed to step on or off the Platform.
>
Block the Platform either with your hand or your body while giving instruction. Then open up the
Platform indicating that the rider can step on and that the Instructor is ready. Conversely, hold the
Segway HT as soon as you anticipate that the rider will dismount. Remain hyper-aware that the
rider may dismount unpredictably.
Pitch Oscillation
Pitch Oscillation occurs when the rider first steps up onto the Platform. The Segway HT moves
forward and backward in a rapid movement. The danger is loss of balance or traction, resulting in
injury or loss of confidence.
How to avoid it:
>
Always hold the Control Shaft or Handlebar firmly as a rider steps on the Segway HT. Brace your
feet in a way that you can stabilize the Segway HT.
>
It is VERY important that the rider has a solid hold on the Handlebar (not a white-knuckled clutch,
but enough to maintain balance) when s/he steps on. In a violent pitch oscillation, holding the
Grips keeps the rider safely on the Segway HT while the Guide stabilizes the Segway HT.
Tip: If you have a rider who oscillates, you can request that he step down off the Segway HT
completely, and then step on again. Some Guides have found that the second time on the Segway
HT, the rider does not oscillate.
Improper Foot Placement
Improper foot placement may result in a new rider having difficulty staying still. Sometimes, the
Segway HT rolls backward or forward and the rider can’t understand why the Segway HT is moving.
The danger is hitting an obstacle or person, and fear of not being able to remain stationary.
How to avoid it:
>
Always check the rider’s foot placement once she steps up onto the Segway HT. Both feet should
be in the center of the Platform or placed in such a way that the rider can comfortably remain
stationary.
>
The Guide should be firmly holding the Handlebar, with feet braced in case a forceful rider steps
on in the wrong place.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 91 of 106
Turns Immediately
Sometimes a new rider will turn immediately without completely understanding the concept of the
Steering Grip. The new rider may either turn immediately when stepping up onto the Segway HT or
turn unexpectedly during the demonstration.
How to avoid it:
>
Communicate to the new rider to not turn the Steering Grip when stepping onto the Segway HT.
The rider should maintain a light grip on the Handlebar.
>
Explain to the new rider that s/he should turn the Steering Grip in a slow controlled manner.
>
Demonstrate how the Segway HT turns, by twisting the Steering Grip for the rider.
Going For The Curb
Sometimes a new rider will turn suddenly and head directly toward an oncoming obstacle such as a
curb, wall, car, person, etc.
How to avoid it:
>
Stay close to a new rider during the Guided ride. Always position yourself between a rider and an
obstacle.
>
Keep pace with the rider at all times. It is not necessary to actually be touching the Control Shaft
or Handlebar every second, but the Guide needs to be able to quickly grasp the Segway HT and
stop it.
>
Determine if the rider was disregarding the instructions or was accidentally heading for the
obstacle. If the rider was purposely disregarding the instructions, repeat, “Your safety during
this demonstration is my responsibility.”
Demonstration and Guided Ride Workshop
This workshop is divided into two exercises:
> Demonstrate how to operate and ride (based on Type 1 experience)
> Guide a Ride
Work in groups of two/three practicing all the guiding techniques we discussed.
Option: At the end of the workshop, the instructor will ask each Guide to perform exercises listed
above. The instructor will be the rider. The goal is for the guide to conduct a demonstration and
guided ride that keeps the rider safe, and provides an enjoyable experience.
Demonstrate the Segway HT
The Guide will demonstrate and explain the following:
1. Make sure the rider has helmet. Explain that properly adjusting your helmet is important.
2. Unplug the Segway HT
3. Retract the Parking Stand
4. Power on. Use Beginner Key for the first ride, to maintain control. No need to explain the
different Keys at this point.
5. Check battery charge level, and explain the segments around the perimeter of the display.
6. Adjust Control Shaft to the proper height
7. Stand beside the Segway HT while in Power Assist Mode, and demonstrate the
forward/reverse motion induced by twisting the Steering Grip
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 92 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
8. Show how, by tapping the Mode Button, one changes between Power Assist Mode and
Balance Mode
9. Demonstrate the left/right motion induced by twisting the Steering Grip while in Balance Mode
10. Demonstrate the proper form for stepping onto the Platform
11. Demonstrate all maneuvers that the rider will be performing
12. Demonstrate the proper form for stepping down off the Platform
13. Turn off Segway HT
Guide a Ride
Invite the first rider to stand next to the Segway HT.
Block the Platform to restrict the rider’s ability to step onto the Platform prematurely, and/or explain
that riders are not to step onto the Platform until expressly instructed. The Guide can position himself
in front of or beside the Segway HT but MUST have a firm grip on the Handlebar or Control Shaft.
1. Explain the Segway HT parts
2. Guide rider to hold the right Handlebar and feel the motion of the Segway HT in Power Assist
Mode and in Balance Mode
3. Instruct the rider to, while s/he maintains a hold on the Handlebar, tap the Mode Button to set
Power Assist Mode, then tap again to set Balance Mode
4. Ask if the rider can see the different display icon (should be green background, smile face,
wind), and feel the Segway HT balance itself.
5. Solidly hold Handlebar/Control Shaft, and instruct rider to:
a. Hold Grips with both hands
b. Step onto Platform, first with one foot. Feel the Segway HT balance with one foot
before stepping on with the other.
c.
Choose a point in the distance to maintain a sense of perspective
d. Have rider step onto Platform with other foot. Maintain firm hold of the Segway HT.
6. While the Guide maintains a hold, instruct the rider to gently roll slowly forward and backward
3-5 feet both directions, until s/he find “neutral” on the Segway HT. Explain that this is the
position used to hold the Segway HT still. Evaluate when the rider has enough control that
the Guide can release her grip but stay close enough to grab the Segway HT if needed.
7. Evaluate the rider’s ability: Determine whether the Guide should twist the Steering Grip for
the rider or let him twist it.
8. Instruct the rider to GENTLY twist the Steering Grip without moving forward or backward. The
rider should turn a full 360° in place, both directions.
9. Explain: “Now, we’ll take a turn around the track. Show the rider the route you want him/her
to follow. Say: “I want you to remember three things every time you ride: Calm, Controlled,
Courteous.” (This is the mantra we would like running through the mind of every rider on a
Segway HT!)
10. Walk/jog beside the rider and direct him to maintain speed control, as he rides beside you.
Reinforce proper stance, foot position and relaxed muscles. Ideally, you will not have to
remind the rider to grin!
11. Ask the rider to stop
12. Stand in front of Segway HT, and grip the Control Shaft or Handlebar firmly
13. Instruct rider to step down off the Platform, without pulling it back into himself.
Maintain a position of control at all times by walking beside the Segway HT within a bent-arm’s length
of the Handlebar, or the Control Shaft.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 93 of 106
Summary
Review the following tips for a conducting a successful guided ride:
It is common for the rider to oscillate. If this happens, do the following:
>
Ask the rider to try to relax and concentrate on standing still, as you hold the Segway HT still.
>
Ask the rider to look ahead if s/he is looking down
>
Assess whether the Segway HT is pushing toward you or away:
o
Toward you indicates that the rider is leaning too far forward, or that the rider’s feet
are too far forward. Have her shift weight, feet, or both backward.
o
Away from you indicates the opposite. See above.
Emphasize that the rider controls the movement with his/her feet and body in relation to the point
where the tires touch the ground (contact patch).
Explain that “pitch oscillation” is common because the brain is not used to having something else
balance for them.
Encourage the rider to trust the Segway HT, and relax his/her hands, shoulders, arms and knees.
Check foot position and ensure that feet are placed in such a way that s/he can stand still. (Ideal foot
position depends on the rider’s body type, not necessarily on centering the foot. In some cases, the
rider’s feet may be positioned further forward or back, or even staggered on the Mat in order to
achieve “neutral” motion.)
Check rider posture – bent knees, relaxed shoulders, light hands, looking ahead.
Observe hands – instruct rider to use “light hands” or a “gentle grip.” A rider may begin turning the
Segway HT automatically as a result of his/her “tight grip” on the Steering Control. The Guide must
hold the Segway HT firmly so it doesn’t move forward or backward, and coach the rider to stop
turning by lightening her grip.
Remember, the overall goal of a guided ride is to provide a safe and enjoyable riding experience.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 94 of 106
>
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 8
Course Summary
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Entire class
Review key points
Classroom
Interactive lecture, experiential learning, Q&A
Timing
Ride Outside (Optional)
Review Goals
Evaluation Forms Filled Out by Participants
Total Time
45-60 min
15 min
15 min
1 hour, 30 min
Topics
The following topics will be covered in this session:
> Ride Outside
> Review Goals
> Review these Need to Knows
Ride Outside (Optional)
Take riders on a follow-the-leader excursion outside. Try to choose a setting that, if it is not the actual
riding environment, has similar terrain features. Ask riders to put on their helmets.
Lead the group, pointing out any terrain features that would be challenging, or any unpredictable
circumstances that could arise, such as transitioning terrain from flat to bumpy or bumpy to flat.
Expose rider to the types of terrain and obstacles to look for, so that they can use their best judgment
in negotiating the outside world. Below are some examples of challenging surfaces and possible
hazards to point out:
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
Grass with hidden rocks, holes, or curbs
Gravel or sand, especially on a slope
Puddles
Runoff or washout trough
Wet grass, soft ground, mud, ice
Narrow sidewalks
Any obstacle that can slow or catch the outside of your wheel or bags on an e Series (door jam,
curb stone, fire hydrant)
Low overhangs (signs, trees, door jam)
Turns on slopes
Metal grates and plates, railroad tracks, manhole covers, sewage drains
Pipes sticking up
Hoses, extension cords, wet leaves, small branches, and any item that can move beneath your
tires and cause traction loss
Drop offs, especially on the blind side of a door
Loose carpets/throw rugs
Screws, glass, nails
Cars backing up or running crosswalks/lights
Animals and children
Avoid blind spots and use caution around building corners, driveways, parked cars, parking garages,
and opening doors on cars or buildings.
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
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Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 95 of 106
Review Goals
Being aware of, anticipating, and responding correctly to the environment, your own capabilities and
limitations, and those of the Segway HT will enable you to ride in a safe and responsible manner.
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Operate the Segway HT in a controlled and responsible fashion.
Recognize environments for which the Segway HT has been designed.
Respond to warnings and alerts from the Segway HT.
Perform maintenance and service procedures.
Discuss Riding Assessment and Safety Review Booklet
You are now at the Conscious Competent stage. You know what you know. From here, it takes
practice and time to transition into the Unconscious Competent stage.
Evaluations
Please complete the evaluation forms, and hand those in, along with your Proficiency Checklist from
the Riding Assessment and Safety Review Booklet.
End class by asking if there are any other questions, and asking participants to complete the
evaluation forms and Rider Proficiency Checklist. Collect both.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 96 of 106
>
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Session 9
Written and Riding Assessments
Who.
What.
Where.
Method.
Option.
Split class into two groups, and then reconvene for review of Written Assessment.
Half the class will perform the agility track assessment, while the other half completes the
written assessment.
Classroom/agility track
Assessment of skills and knowledge retention
Do not cover this information during the class. Instead, hand it out as a take-away for
participants to assess their own skill levels. If you choose this option, disregard the
Instructor guidelines, and direct participants to complete the tasks after the class.
Timing
Introduction and Objectives
Written Assessment
Riding Assessment
Summary, Review the Written Assessment, Q&A
Total Time
5 min
30 min
30 min
10 min
1 hour, 15 min
Overview
This session covers the Written and Riding Assessments. The instructor may ask you to complete
this before, during or after the training.
Turn the page to begin the Written Assessment.
Written Assessment will be conducted in the classroom. Riding Assessment will be conducted on the
agility track. Divide the group into two, and simultaneously run both sessions.
Instructor Guidelines for Written Assessment
Cover the following guidelines for the entire class:
> Complete the Written Assessment within 30 minutes.
> Read directions carefully.
> Choose the best answer if multiple answers seem right.
> Choose only one answer.
Instructor will then:
> Divide the class.
> Ask participants to turn the page to begin the Written Assessment
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 97 of 106
Written Assessment
Please choose only one answer for each question. Chose the best answer to each question.
1. Which of the following displays indicates Power Assist Mode: (d)
a.
b.
c.
d.
2. Which of the following best describes Power Assist Mode? (b)
a. Whistle, and the Segway HT will follow you around like a puppy
b. Power is on, but balancing mechanism is not enabled. Use Steering Grip to
power the wheels forward and backward
c. Power is off. Use Steering Grip to power the wheels forward and backward.
d. Power is on. Balancing mechanism is enabled. Use Steering Grip to turn right
and left. OK to step on and ride.
3. Which of the following displays indicates Balance Mode: (a)
b.
a.
c.
d.
4. Which of the following best describes Balance Mode? (d)
a. Whistle, and the Segway HT will follow you around like a puppy
b. Power is on, but balancing mechanism is not enabled. Use Steering Grip to
power the wheels forward and backward
c. Power is off. Use Steering Grip to power the wheels forward and backward.
d. Power is on. Balancing mechanism is enabled. Use Steering Grip to turn right
and left. OK to step on and ride.
5. Which of the following displays indicates that the Segway HT is shutting down: (c)
a.
b.
c.
d.
6. Indications that the Segway HT is in Balance Mode are: (a)
a. Green smiling face, wheels move when you move the Handlebar
b. Orange smiling face, Steering Grip is inoperative
c. Gray display, moving the Handlebar results in no wheel movement
d. Red frowning face
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
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Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 98 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
7. The following alerts occur when a rider is on the Segway HT, and the Battery Packs
reach full depletion: (c)
a. The display flashes orange and the Segway HT stick shakes
b. The display turns a steady orange and the Segway HT slows down to zero speed
c. The display flashes red. If riding continues, the Segway HT performs a Safety
Shutdown
d. The display goes blank and the Segway HT whistles
8. The following happens when the Segway HT battery is too low to power on: (d)
a. The Segway HT starts but will not go into Balance Mode
b. The Segway HT does not show any display
c. The straight-face appears with a red display
d. The bottom battery segment appears with a red display
9. The proper order for riding is:
First, unplug the Segway HT and retract the Parking Stand if applicable, then... (b)
a. Start the Segway HT, step onto the Platform, ride, step off
b. Start the Segway HT, change to Balance Mode, step onto the Platform, ride, step
off
c. Start the Segway HT, change to Power Assist Mode, step onto the Platform, ride,
step off
d. Step onto the Platform, ride, step off, shut down
10. Which of the following actions causes the Display to flash a red frown, then become
orange with no face: (a)
a. Platform/Control Shaft was not at the correct angle when entering Balance Mode
b. Mode Button was pressed for too long
c. Rider pressed Mode Button while on Segway HT
d. You will never see this
11. When might you see the display on the right: (a)
a. At start up
b. At shut down
c. When putting the Segway HT into Balance Mode
d. When changing from Balance to Power Assist Mode
12. When might you see the display on the right: (d)
a. When the Segway HT will not enter Balance Mode
b. When you power down with the Mode Button
c. When trying to power on with the wrong key
d. When the Segway HT is in a state of reduced performance
13. The display on the right indicates that the: (a)
a. Steering grip is off-center to the left at start up
b. Steering grip is inoperable
c. Steering grip is off-center to the right at start up
d. Left front Rider Detect Sensor is depressed at startup
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
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P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 99 of 106
14. What should you do if you see the display on the right? (d)
a. Plug in your Segway HT
b. Unplug your Segway HT
c. Step onto the Platform
d. Remove your foot from the Platform
15. The Segway HT does all of the following, except: (b)
a. Actively balance forward and backward
b. Provide dynamic side-to-side stability
c. Limit your speed based on the Key being used
d. Turn in place
16. The Balance Sensor Assembly primarily assists the Segway HT in:(c)
a. Steering the Segway HT left and right
b. Steering control while in Power Assist Mode
c. Dynamic Stabilization—balancing the rider forward and backward
d. All of the above
17. The Segway HT has a zero turning radius which is the direct result of: (a)
a. The wheels turning in opposite directions
b. The microprocessors in the power base
c. High center of gravity
d. Redundant systems
18. To maintain lateral stability when turning, you should: (a)
a. Lean in the direction of the turn
b. Lean in the opposite direction of the turn
c. Stand as upright as possible
d. Increase speed through the turn
19. When riding over uneven terrain, it is important to maintain:(d)
a. High speed over bumps
b. A stiff body to maintain your center of gravity
c. Tight grip on the Handlebar for control
d. Bent knees in order to absorb shock
20. When riding along and approaching a large obstacle which might only affect one tire,
the safest way to maneuver is to:(d)
a. Put weight on the foot above obstacle and lean toward obstacle
b. Put weight on the foot away from obstacle and lean toward obstacle
c. Put weight on the foot above obstacle and lean away from obstacle
d. Ride around the obstacle
21. You should charge NiMH Battery Packs: (c)
a. Only when the display shows three or less battery segments
b. Only when the display shows one flashing battery segment
c. Every time that it is convenient, and when possible for 6 hours or more
d. Only when the display shows zero battery charge remaining
22. To remain stationary facing downhill on a slope, you need to: (b)
a. Lean forward
b. Position your center of gravity over the contact patch on the tires
c. Position your center of gravity over the front Rider Detect Sensors
d. Step off the Segway HT, because it is impossible to remain stationary on a hill
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 100 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
23. A rider powered on her Segway HT after charging it overnight. She checked the
battery charge level on the Display and noted that all segments around the perimeter
were displayed. She put her Segway HT into Balance Mode, stepped on, and rode a
short distance from her house to the top of her driveway. After riding down her steep
driveway for less than a minute, her Segway HT slowed down automatically by tilting
the Platform backward/tilting the Handlebar into her torso. She recognized this
behavior as the Speed Limiter. After determining that she had powered on with the
Open Environment Key and that she was riding at only about half the maximum
speed, she reviewed her Segway HT user materials, and determined that:(b)
a. She was pressing the Mode Button while riding down the hill, and should release
the Mode Button while riding
b. Because regenerative breaking created more energy than could be stored in the
already-full Battery Packs, the Segway HT activated the speed limiter.
c. The Segway HT slowed itself down because there were traction issues
d. The Segway HT was still plugged in
24. If you are in a building with an elevator, and you want to ride your Segway to the
bottom floor, you should: (a)
a. Ride your Segway on an elevator when there is room and you are not negatively
impacting others
b. Disassemble your Segway prior to taking it with you on an elevator
c. Always take the stairs with your Segway HT in Power Assist Mode
d. Never take your Segway HT on an elevator
25. The Segway HT has an onboard universal input charger. To charge the Segway HT in
countries with 220v instead of 110v, (and 50/60Hz) you need: (b)
a. An external converter to change the voltage
b. A plug adapter that fits the non-USA outlet
c. Nothing, just plug into the non-USA outlet
d. You can’t charge the Segway HT except in the USA
26. To check the charging status on the rear Battery Pack: (a)
a. Observe the right-hand Charging Indicator LED on the Control Shaft Base
b. Observe the left-hand Charging Indicator LED on the Control Shaft Base
c. You can’t discern charging status by the LEDs
d. Unplug the Segway HT, and observe the Charging Indicator LEDs
27. When riding and you feel or hear a stick shake, your first reaction should be to: (b)
a. Press the Mode Button
b. Slow down
c. Call technical support
d. None of the above
28. If the Handlebar is crooked, you should: (c)
a. Twist it back into place
b. Lay the Segway HT on the floor to brace the Handlebar, and twist it back into
place
c. Loosen Control Shaft Clamp bolt, lay the Segway HT on the floor to orient the
Handlebar, push into place, and tighten Control Shaft Clamp bolt
d. Loosen and tighten the Height Adjustment Collar until you can move the
Handlebar back into place
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 101 of 106
29. When riding and you see a green straight face, your first reaction should be to: (b)
a. Press the Mode Button
b. Slow down
c. Stop, Drop and Roll
d. None of the above
30. If you are standing beside your Segway HT, while it is in Balance Mode, and it moves
quickly forward a few feet (meters) from where you stepped off, what will happen? (a)
a. The Segway HT stick shakes
b. The Segway HT will move forward indefinitely if you release it
c. The Segway HT will stop immediately and turn 360°
d. None of the above
31. You have ridden the Segway HT until your NiMH Battery Packs were fully depleted.
How long do you need to charge the Segway HT to complete all four stages of the
charging cycle: (d)
a. Approximately 30 minutes
b. Approximately 2 hour
c. Approximately 4 hours
d. Approximately 6 hours or more
32. If you feel the Handlebar tilt into your torso while you are riding, this is because the
Segway HT is alerting you to: (a)
a. Slow down
b. Change to Power Assist Mode
c. Avoid a metal grate
d. All of the above
33. The best way to take a Segway HT up a set of stairs is: (b)
a. Put Segway HT in Power Assist Mode, stand below, push up the stairs
b. Put Segway HT in Power Assist Mode, stand above, pull up the stairs
c. Keep Segway HT in Balance Mode, stand below, guide up stairs
d. Ride the Segway HT up the stairs
34. After you plug in your Segway HT, it is important to see if the Segway HT is receiving
a charge by looking at the: (d)
a. Display on the Handlebar
b. Battery Packs beneath the Segway HT
c. Orientation of the Platform
d. Charging Indicators in the Control Shaft Base
35. How many Battery Packs are providing power while riding the Segway HT: (c)
a. 0
b. 1
c. 2
d. 3
36. Choose the best response to this statement: The Segway HT will continue to operate
until the second Battery is depleted, if one Battery Pack fails or is completely
depleted: (c)
a. Yes, this is true
b. No, it will continue to run only for approximately 10 minutes
c. No, it will continue to run only for approximately 10 seconds
d. No, the Segway HT will shut down immediately
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 102 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
37. If the Segway HT is trying to communicate a safety critical message, the rider would
expect to: (d)
a. Hear the message
b. Feel the message
c. See the message
d. All of the above
38. The reason that the Segway HT sometimes limits your speed is: (c)
a. The Segway HT capabilities have been reduced for environmental reasons
b. You reached top speed for the existing conditions
c. Either a or b
d. None of the above
39. An indication that the Segway HT has reduced performance when you are riding at
8mph is: (d)
a. The Segway HT will limit your speed
b. The Platform tilts aft
c. The turning control is slowed
d. Both a and b
40. If you experience a Safety Shutdown while moving forward at 10 mph (16 km/h), you
should know this because: (d)
a. The Platform pitches aft to slow your speed
b. The Segway HT vibrates (Stick Shake Warning)
c. The Display shows red and the Segway HT beeps
d. All of the above
41. A green backlight with a smiling face in the Display indicates: (c)
a. The HT is in Power Assist Mode, you should not step on
b. The HT is turning off, it is OK to turn it back on
c. The HT is in Balance Mode, you can step on
d. The tires are oscillating
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 103 of 106
Match the number in the illustration to the description below:
42. To straighten the
Handlebar, loosen the
Control Shaft Clamp
bolt ________(7)
that holds this clamp
together,
43. Tap the Mode Button
________(1)
to change from Power
Assist to Balance Mode
or hold for 2-3 seconds
to power down.
44. Disconnect the Control
Shaft ________(8) from
the Base, to check the
Control Shaft Cord
connectors.
45. If your Tire/Wheel
assembly wobbles,
check the Wheel Nut
________(6)
46. Insert the Control Shaft
into the Control Shaft
Base ________(4) after
you have checked your
Control Shaft cords.
47. Twist the Steering Grip________(2) left and right to turn, when you are in Balance Mode, or
to power the wheels forward and backward when you are in Power Assist Mode.
48. When you are stepping on, hold onto the Fixed Grip ________(9) and the non-twisting end
of the Steering Grip.
49. Adjust the height of the Handlebar by loosening the Height Adjustment Collar ________(3),
raising or lowering the Control Shaft, and then tightening the Height Adjustment Collar.
50. To remove a Battery Pack ________(5), tip the Segway HT to provide access beneath the
Platform, unfasten the four 3mm screws, and slide the Battery Pack straight off the chassis.
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 104 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Answer Key
1.
d
26.
a
2.
b
27.
b
3.
a
28.
c
4.
d
29.
b
5.
c
30.
a
6.
a
31.
d
7.
c
32.
a
8.
d
33.
b
9.
b
34.
d
10.
a
35.
c
11.
a
36.
c
12.
d
37.
d
13.
a
38.
c
14.
d
39.
d
15.
b
40.
d
16.
c
41.
c
17.
a
42.
7
18.
a
43.
1
19.
d
44.
8
20.
d
45.
6
21.
c
46.
4
22.
b
47.
2
23.
b
48.
9
24.
a
49.
3
25.
b
50.
5
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Page 105 of 106
Riding Assessment
Instructor Guidelines for Riding Assessment
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>
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>
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Instruct the participants to choose a helmet and a Segway HT, and meet you at the agility track.
Assess each rider as s/he negotiates the agility track. (It is OK to direct them through the course,
but don’t coach them on riding skills.)
Observe if a rider hits a cone or does not negotiate any terrain in a controlled and graceful
manner. If this does happen, ask the rider to redo that segment of the track.
Direct the rider to begin again if h/she has trouble with multiple segments.
Remind riders that they have 30 minutes.
This list of exercises will be useful for practicing your riding skills. You should be able to complete
each task while:
> Maintaining control of the Segway HT
> Demonstrating sound decision-making ability regarding his/her own capabilities
> Utilizing Segway HT capabilities
> Performing a clean ride without hitting cones
Basic Rider Tasks
Redo
Acceptable
Excellent
Retract Parking Stand prior to startup (i Series only)
Use Key effectively (don’t push down or damage contacts)
Change from Power Assist Mode to Balance Mode
Check Display to ensure Segway HT is in Balance Mode, and
Battery Pack charge is adequate
Step on the Segway HT
Execute smooth, controlled, leaning turns around cones
Traverse bumpy terrain
Traverse pothole
Perform a controlled stop in predefined area
Descend small curb using step method (to 6”) or controlled
drop (3” or less)
Ascend and descend ramp– stop halfway
Use Power Assist Mode (a) down steep curb, (b) across
crooked sidewalk or (c) up/down stairs
Negotiate long, narrow pathway without hitting any cones
Step off the Segway HT
Turn off Segway HT, deploy Parking Stand (i Series only)
Recognize and respond to Safety Feature Alerts
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa
Page 106 of 106
Basic Rider Optimization Training for the Segway HT
Notes:
Instructor Guide and Participant Workbook
© Segway LLC 2002
Rev 3.5i - January 2004
P/N 1707100001aa