C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Warning: This service manual is for use by Precor trained service providers only.
If you are not a Precor Trained Servicer, you must not attempt to service any Precor Product;
Call your dealer for service.
This document contains information required to perform the majority of troubleshooting, and
replacement procedures required to repair and maintain this product.
This document contains general product information, software diagnostic procedures (when
available), preventative maintenance procedures, inspection and adjustment procedures,
troubleshooting procedures, replacement procedures and electrical block and wiring diagrams.
To move directly to a procedure, click the appropriate procedure in the bookmark section to the
left of this page. You may “drag” the separator bar between this page and the bookmark section
to change the size of the page being viewed.
© 2004 Precor Incorporated
Unauthorized Reproduction and Distribution Prohibited By Law
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Section One - Things You Should Know
Right, Left, Front, and Back Conventions
In this manual, right, left, front, and back are from the perspective of a user standing on the C546,
facing the display enclosure.
General System Information
•
The ramp operating system has a battery monitoring system. If the battery voltage falls
below 11 Vdc when ramp movement is initiated or the battery voltage falls below 10 Vdc
after ramp movement has been initiated, ramp movement will be stopped and the message
“NO RAMP LOW VOLTAGE” will be displayed. Ramp motion will not be enabled until such
time as the battery voltage exceeds the above limits.
•
The generator performs three functions in the EFX. First, by controlling the amount of
electrical load applied to the generator, the user’s pedalling resistance is controlled.
Second, the generator is used to charge the EFX’s internal battery. Lastly, one of the
generators three phase output windings is monitored to determine when the unit is in use
and when it is idle. This system also determines the stride rate by determining the operating
speed (output frequency) of the monitored generator winding.
Warning and Caution Statements and General Safety Guidelines
Warning statements indicate a particularly dangerous activity. Warning statements you will find in
this manual include:
•
If the EFX has been in recent use, the load resistors and load resistor mounting bracket may
be extremely hot.
•
Because this is a self powered unit, it will either be necessary to either equip the unit with
the optional external power supply or have an assistant pedal on the unit while voltage
measurements are being taken. Because of the danger of working on the unit while it is in
motion using the optional external power supply is strongly recommended.
•
When the unit is used, stairarms are in motion, the generator will operate and produce
potentially hazardous voltages even when the battery is disconnected.
•
To remove power from the EFX, the optional external power supply (when equipped) must
be disconnected from the wall outlet and the red (positive) lead must be disconnected from
the battery. Always ensure that the EFX external power supply is unplugged from the wall
outlet and the red (positive) lead is removed from the battery when you inspect or adjust the
EFX, or when you isolate, remove, or replace an EFX component.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
•
Removing the covers exposes high voltage components and potentially dangerous
machinery. Exercise extreme caution when you perform maintenance procedures with the
cover(s) removed.
•
During service operations you will be very close to moving machinery and voltage bearing
components. When you perform maintenance procedures with the covers removed, remove
jewelry (especially from ears and neck), tie up long hair, remove neck ties, and do not wear
loose clothing.
•
Exercise caution when touching any wire or electrical component during EFX operation.
•
A pinching hazard exists when the unit is operated by turning the crankarms by hand. It is
possible to seriously pinch a finger between the crankarm and stairarm. The stairarms
should be removed before operating the crankarms by hand.
Caution statements are intended to prevent damage to the EFX as a result of the current activity.
Caution statements included in this manual are listed below:
•
When it is necessary to lift or move the EFX, ensure that the EFX has adequate support and
that you use proper lifting techniques.
Safety guidelines you should know and follow include:
•
Read the owner’s manual and follow all operating instructions.
•
Operate the EFX on a solid, level surface.
•
Visually check the EFX before beginning service or maintenance operations. If it is not
completely assembled or is damaged in any way, exercise extreme caution while operating
and checking the EFX.
•
When operating the EFX, do not wear loose clothing. Do not wear shoes with heels or
leather soles. Check the soles of your shoes and remove any embedded stones. Tie long
hair back.
•
Do not rock the unit. Do not stand or climb on the handlebars, display enclosure, or cover.
•
Do not set anything on the handlebars, display enclosure, or cover. Never place liquids on
any part of the EFX, while performing service.
•
To prevent electrical shock, keep all electrical components away from water and other
liquids.
•
Do not use accessory attachments that are not recommended by the manufacturer-such
attachments might cause injuries.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
General Information
For the latest exploded view, part number and part pricing information, visit the Precor dealer
website at “www.precor.com/connection”.
Tools Required
Multimeter
Anti-static kit
4” - 6” gear puller
Precor part number 20030-108 belt gauge
US and metric end wrench set
US and metric socket wrench set
Torque wrench, 200 in./lbs.
Torque wrench, 200 ft./lbs
Allen wrench set
Screwdriver set
7/16” allen key, socket wrench mounted
Straight edge
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Section Two - Preventive Maintenance
Preventive maintenance measures are either scheduled or unscheduled. Scheduled preventive
maintenance activities are included here so that you are aware of preventive measures
performed on a regular basis.
Regular Preventive Maintenance (Owner)
Cleanliness of the EFX and its operating environment will keep maintenance problems and
service calls to a minimum. Precor recommends that you perform the following preventive
maintenance schedule.
After Each Use
•
Unplug the optional external power supply (when equipped) from the AC outlet.
•
Wipe down the covers, handlebars, stairarm wheels and stairarm ramps with a damp cloth.
Daily Maintenance
Clean the EFX’s frame, covers, stairarms, stairarm ramps and stairarm wheels using water or a
30:1 solution of Simple Green® and water. Wipe the surface of the electronic console with a
damp sponge or soft cloth. Dry with a clean towel. a 30:1 solution of Simple Green® and water is
the only cleaning solution that has been tested and approved for use on the C546 ramps. Use of
any other cleaner, may cause degradation of the ramp anodizing and void the ramp warranty.
The use of an acid (citric) based cleaner will cause ramp anodizing damage and is not authorized
by Precor.
Weekly Maintenance
•
Vacuum underneath the EFX, following these steps:
1.
Unplug the optional external power supply (when equipped) from the AC outlet.
2.
Place the EFX on its side.
Note:
Place a drop cloth under the EFX to protect the flooring and to ensure that the EFX handrail
is not scratched or damaged.
3.
Vacuum the rug or damp mop the floor.
4.
Make sure that the floor is dry before returning the EFX to an upright position.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Quarterly Maintenance
1.
Remove the rear covers.
2.
Check the step up and input belt alignment and tension as in Procedure 5.3.
3.
Replace the rear cover.
On-Site Preventive Maintenance (Service Technician)
When you are called to service a EFX, perform these preventive maintenance activities:
•
Perform the software diagnostics. Check LED and keypad function. Record the odometer
reading.
•
Check speed sensor function (is the stride rate displayed when the unit is in operation?). If
not, see Procedure 6.3
•
Visually inspect the drive belts for cracks, fraying or excessive wear.
•
When furnished, inspect the optional power supply cords. If a power supply cord is
damaged, install a new power supply.
•
Visually examine all wires and check connectors and wire connections. Secure connections
and replace wiring as necessary.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 3.1 - Software Access Codes
The C546 uses the standard access codes to provide access to the various software features. In
using the standardized access codes the keys are hypothetically numbered left to right with key
#1 on the far left and key #7 on the far right. The standard access codes use all sequential key
presses. The allowable delay between key presses is short. If too much time is taken between
key presses the access procedure will be aborted. If the access is aborted, it will be necessary to
start over from the beginning. See Diagram 3.1. The C546 display does not utilize key positions
#2 and #3, however, they must be counted to correctly locate keys #4 through #6. On the C546
display key #1 is the RESET key and key #4 is the QUICK START key.
Standard Access Codes
Keys RESET,5,1,7,6,5,7,6,1
Keys RESET,6,5
Keys RESET,5,6,5,1,5,6,5
Diagnostics
Odometer
Club Settings
Diagram 3.1 - C546 Display Panel
Reset
Key 4
Key 5
Key 6
Key 7
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 3.2 - Accessing the Diagnostic Program
The EFX diagnostic software cycles through the following tests:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Display Test
Keyboard Test
Heart Rate Test
Battery Test
RPM Test
Lift Test
Brake Test
Procedure
1.
Start pedalling and continue to pedal as you perform step 2.
2.
With the PRECOR C546 banner scrolling, press keys RESET,5,1,7,6,5,7,6,1., sequentially.
3.
The message HARDWARE VALIDATION will be displayed for a few seconds.
4.
The message DISPLAY TEST will be displayed followed by every LED on the display being
illuminated. Check each LED segment to ensure that all of the segments are illuminated.
Press the ENTER key to advance to the keyboard test.
5.
The message KEYBOARD TEST will be displayed followed by a graphical representation of
each key position on the display housing. As each key on the display is pressed the key
representation is turned “off”, indicating that the key is functioning. Check each key in this
manner, including the numeric keyboard. Press and hold the ENTER key for 2 seconds to
advance to the heart rate test.
6.
The message HEART RATE TEST will be displayed followed by the unfiltered (U), filtered
(F) and polar (P) heart rate readings if the heart rate option is installed in the C546 and a
chest strap transmitter or a test transmitter is being used. If the heart rate option is not
installed in the C546, the message NO HEART RATE RECEIVER will be displayed instead
of the heart rate readings. Press the ENTER key to advance to the brake test.
7.
The message BATTERY TEST will be displayed followed by the battery voltage. Press the
ENTER key to advance to the RPM test.
8.
The message RPM TEST will be displayed followed by the pulse (power bit) reading and the
RPM reading. Press the ENTER key to advance to the lift test.
9.
The message LIFT TEST will be displayed followed by the ramp level and A/D (analog to
digital) reading. The A/D is the number the system use to track the lift position. The A/D
number will be used in the lift calibration portion of this service manual. (Procedure 5.3).
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
10. The message BRAKE TEST will be displayed followed the resistance level and brake level
readings. This test allows you to test the brake (resistance) at each resistance level. Press
the ENTER key to exit the diagnostics program.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 3.3 - Displaying the Odometer
Procedure
1.
Start pedalling and continue to pedal as you perform step 2.
2.
With the PRECOR C546 banner scrolling, press keys RESET,6,5, sequentially.
3.
The message INFORMATION DISPLAY will be displayed for a few seconds.
4.
The message ODOMETER will be displayed followed by the total number of strides
accumulated. The total number of strides can be converted to miles by dividing by 2241 or
to kilometers by dividing by 1392.5. Press the ENTER key to advance to total strides.
5.
The message TOTAL STRIDES will be displayed followed by the total number of strides
logged on the C546. Press the ENTER key to advance to hour meter.
6.
The message HOUR METER will be displayed followed by the total number of hours that
the C546 has been in use. Press the ENTER key to advance to software version.
7.
The message SOFTWARE VERSION will be displayed followed by the software versions of
the upper and lower PCA’s. For example, UPPER 1.01 LOWER 1.01. Press the ENTER key
to advance to error log.
8.
The message ERROR LOG will be displayed followed by the error in log position 1. Each
log entry shows the log position, the stride count when the error occurred and the hour
meter when the error occurred. For example; 1 ER21 123456 STR 45678 HRS. The error
log can record up to ten error conditions. The error code in position one will be the most
recent error and the error in position ten will be the oldest error. If more than ten errors have
been logged, only the ten most recent will be displayed. When a new error is logged, each
existing error is pushed down one position and the error in position 10, if any, is lost. Use the
and keys to move through the log. Pressing and holding the QUICK START key for
four seconds will clear the log. Press the ENTER key to exit the odometer program.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 3.4 - Club Settings
1.
Start pedalling and continue to pedal as you perform step 2.
2.
With the PRECOR C546 banner scrolling, press keys RESET,5,6,5,1,5,6,5, sequentially.
3.
The message SET CLUB PARAMETERS will be displayed for a few seconds.
4.
The message SELECT LANGUAGE will be displayed followed by the currently selected
language. Use the
and
keys to select the language preference. Press the ENTER
key to advance to units of measurement.
5.
The message SELECT UNITS will be displayed followed by the currently selected unit of
and
keys to select either U.S. Standard or METRIC
measurement. Use the
measurements. Press the ENTER key to advance to maximum workout time.
6.
The message SET MAX WORKOUT TIME will be displayed followed by the currently
selected maximum workout time. Use the
and
keys to select the maximum workout
time. The maximum workout time may be set between 1 and 240 minutes or no limit. Press
ENTER to advance to maximum pause time.
7.
The message SET MAX PAUSE TIME will be displayed followed by the currently selected
maximum pause time. Use the
and
keys to select the maximum pause time. The
maximum pause time is the that will elapse after the pause key has been pressed until the
unit resets. The maximum pause time may be set between 1 and 120 seconds. Press
ENTER to exit the club settings program.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 3.5 - Documenting Software Problems
When a problem is found with either the software or upper or lower PCA’s, record the information
listed below. If you isolated the problem to either the PROM, upper PCA, or lower PCA, include
the information you recorded with the malfunctioning PROM or PCA when you ship it to Precor.
When a problem occurs, record the following information:
•
Model and serial number
•
Software version number
Note:
Look at the PROM mounted on the upper PCA. A label on the PROM indicates the software
version number.
•
User and program number running when the problem occurred
•
A description of:
•
a
What happened or failed to happen.
b
The action taken by the user just before the problem occurred.
c
Problem-related information (such as how far into the program the problem occurred,
the work level being used when the problem occurred, etc.).
The frequency of occurrence.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Section Four - Checking EFX 546 Operation
This section provides you with a quick method of checking EFX operation. Check the operation
of the EFX at the end of most maintenance procedures.
Procedure
1.
Start striding on the EFX 546 or plug the optional external power supply (when available)
into the EFX and the AC outlet.
2.
When the PRECOR EFX 546......WORK OUT SMARTER banner scrolling, press QUICK
START.
3.
Select Resistance Level 1 and press ENTER.
4.
Operate the EFX for 4–5 minutes. As you operate the EFX, concentrate on the operating
sounds made by the unit. Be on the alert for unusual rubbing, hitting, grinding, or squeaking
noises.
5.
If the EFX makes unusual noises or the electronic display does not change appropriately,
troubleshoot per Section 6.
6.
Press the RESISTANCE
another 2–3 minutes.
7.
If the EFX resistance does not change or the operation of the EFX feels inconsistent
compared with Resistance Level 1, troubleshoot per Section 6.
8.
Press the RESISTANCE
another 2–3 minutes.
9.
If the resistance of the EFX 546 does not change or the EFX operation feels inconsistent
with Resistance Levels 1 and 10, troubleshoot per Procedure 6.6.
key until you reach Resistance Level 10. Operate the EFX for
key until you reach Resistance Level 20. Operate the EFX for
10. Check the LED’s mounted on the upper PCA and the function keys displayed on the
electronic console by performing Procedure 3.2.
11. Press the CROSSRAMP key while viewing the electronic console. Confirm that the foot
pads incline and the ramp display increments to 20 as the CROSSRAMP key is pressed.
12. Press the CROSSRAMP
key while viewing the electronic console. Confirm that the foot
pads return to a level position and the ramp display decrements to 1 as the CROSSRAMP
key is pressed.
13. If the ramp system of the EFX 546 does not operate properly, troubleshoot per Procedure
6.5.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 5.1 - Measuring the Resistance of a Generator
Caution
Remove power from the EFX before you measure magnet resistance.
Procedure
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
2.
Set the ohmmeter to a range that will conveniently read up to 50 Ω.
3.
Remove the three generator output leads from the lower PCA, brown from terminal M3, blue
from terminal M4 and violet from terminal M4.
4.
With an ohmmeter, read between the brown and blue leads, blue and violet leads and the
brown and violet leads removed in step 3. Each of the three readings should be between
26 Ω and 27 Ω. If any of the readings are significantly high or significantly low, replace the
generator.
Diagram 5.1 - Lower PCA
M3
M4
M5
Lift
Connector
5.
Reconnect the generator leads to the lower PCA as follows: violet to M5, blue to M4 and
brown to M3.
6.
Reconnect the red battery lead to terminal M6 of the lower PCA.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 5.2 - Inspecting and Adjusting Belt Tension
Procedure
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA. If you are only inspecting the generator belt tension, skip to step 7.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
.
WARNING
If the EFX has been in recent use, the load resistors and mounting bracket may be extremely
hot.
2.
Remove the three screws that fasten the load resistor assembly and shield to the frame
upright. Rotate the load resistor assembly 180 degrees and set it on the top of the frame
upright.
3.
Place a 20030-108 or equivalent belt gauge on the input belt as shown in Diagram 5.2.
Diagram 5.2 - Input Belt Tension Measurement
Step Up
Pulley
4.
Adjustment
Bolt
The belt gauge should read 100 lbs. If the belt tension is significantly high or low the belt
tension may be adjusted using the adjustment bolts shown in Diagram 5.2. To adjust the
belt tension first straighten the locking tabs on both bolts. When adjusting the tension, turn
Belt Gauge
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
both bolts equal amounts. When the adjustment is complete the step up pulley shaft must
remain perpendicular to the frame and drive belt. Turning the adjustment bolts clockwise will
increase belt tension, turning the adjustment bolts counter-clockwise will decrease belt
tension.
5.
Changing the tension of the input drive belt will also affect the tension of the generator belt.
If the input belt tension has been changed, continue with step 7.
6.
Place a 20030-108 or equivalent belt gauge on the generator belt as shown in Diagram 5.3.
Diagram 5.3 - Generator Belt Tension Measurement
Adjustment
Bolt
Adjustment Nut
Generator
Mounting
Bolt
Jam Nut
7.
The belt gauge should read 60 lbs. If the generator belt tension is significantly high or low, it
may be adjusted using the adjustment bolt shown in Diagram 5.3. First loosen, but do not
remove the four generator mounting bolts and the jam nut. Hold the adjustment bolt head
with one wrench and turn the adjustment nut to change the belt tension. When the tension is
correct, tighten the jam nut. Tighten and torque the four generator mounting bolts to 150
inch pounds.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
8.
If either the input pulley belt or the generator belt is being replaced with a new belt, the belt
tension should be set 20 lbs. higher than the previous readings. Therefore a new input
pulley belt should be tensioned to 120 lbs. and a new generator belt should be tensioned to
80 lbs. Over time and use the belts will “relax” and the tensions will be as stated in steps 4
and 7.
9.
Reconnect the red battery lead to terminal M6 of the lower PCA.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 5.3 - Calibrating the Lift Motor
1.
Remove both front covers.
2.
Remove the four screws that fasten the lift motor yoke into the ramp.
3.
Carefully, slide the lift motor yoke out of the ramp and lower the ramp until it is resting on the
frame.
Diagram 5.4 - Lift Motor Mounting and Calibration
9”
Lift Yoke
4.
Access the lift A/D reading via the Lift Test portion of the Diagnostic Program, see
Procedure 3.2.
5.
With the A/D number displayed set it for a reading of 127 using the CROSSRAMP
CROSSRAMP keys.
6.
Rotate the lift yoke on the lift motor drive screw until the measurement between the top of
the lift nut and the end of the lift motor drive screw is 9 inches. See Diagram 5.4. While
rotating the lift motor yoke, do not allow the lift motor drive screw to rotate. If the lift motor
drive screw rotates, the A/D number will change. The A/D number must be 127 and the
physical measurement must be 9 inches for the calibration to be correct.
7.
Lift the ramp off of the frame and slide the lift motor yoke into the ramp. Do not rotate the lift
any more than is absolutely necessary to align the lift motor yoke with the ramp.
8.
Apply a light coating of blue loctite to the four screws removed in step 2. Fasten the lift motor
yoke with the loctited screws and torque them to 240 inch pounds.
and
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 6.1 - Troubleshooting the Lower and Upper
Interconnect Cables
Anti-static kits can be ordered from Precor (part number 20024-101).
Troubleshooting the Upper Interconnect Cable
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
9.
Attach the anti-static wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap
to the units frame.
10. Remove two screws that fasten the upper mid-point cover. Remove two screws that fasten
the lower mid-point cover. Remove both halves of the cover and the split ring. See Diagram
6.1
Diagram 6.1 - Mid-Point Cover
Split Ring
Upper Cover
Upper Cover
Mounting Screw
Lower Cover
Lower Cover
Mounting Screw
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
11. Remove the four screws from the rear of the upper display housing. Remove the display
housing front panel from the display housing. Disconnect the upper interconnect cable from
the upper PCA.
12. Disconnect the upper interconnect cable from the mid-point connector. See Diagram 6.2
Diagram 6.2 - Mid-Point Connector
Upper
Interconnect
Cable
Mid-Point
Connector
Lower
Interconnect
Cable
13. External of the upper column, connect a replacement upper interconnect cable to the
mid-point connector and the upper PCA.
14. Check operation as described in Section 4. If the unit works properly, replace the upper
interconnect cable as described in Procedure 7.4.
15. If the symptoms are unchanged, remove the external upper interconnect cable. Reconnect
the internal upper interconnect cable to the mid-point connector and the upper PCA. Set the
display housing front panel in it’s mounting position and fasten it with the four mounting
screws removed in step 4. Trouble shoot the lower interconnect cable starting with step 9.
Troubleshooting the Lower Interconnect Cable
16. Disconnect the lower interconnect cable from the mid-point connector and the lower PCA.
17. External of the frame, connect a replacement lower interconnect cable to the mid-point
connector and the lower PCA.
18. Check operation as described in Section 4. If the unit works properly, replace the lower
interconnect cable as described in Procedure 7.4.
19. If the symptoms are unchanged, remove the external lower interconnect cable. Reconnect
the internal lower interconnect cable to the mid-point connector and the lower PCA. Remove
the upper and lower interconnect cables from the mid-point connector. Connect a
replacement mid-point connector between the two interconnect cables and retest the unit
per Procedure 4.
20. Replace the lower PCA shield, rear cover (Procedure 7.1) and the main column cover. If the
unit still does function correctly, contact Precor Technical Support.
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Procedure 6.2 - Troubleshooting the Keypad and Upper PCA
If the function keys on the electronic console are unresponsive, the problem may be either the
upper PCA or keypad. The keys on this unit are touch sensitive keys. It is necessary to use the
keypad diagnostics to troubleshoot the key functions.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One.
1.
Attach the anti-static wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap
to the units frame.
2.
If the EFX powers up and functions normally until a particular key(s) is pressed, skip to step
12.
3.
If a “key depressed” message is immediately displayed when the EFX is powered up,
continue with the next step.
4.
This condition may be caused by either the keypad or upper PCA. Set the on/off switch in
the “off” position.
5.
Remove the four screws that fastens the display housing front panel to the display housing
backing plate. These screws are located on the rear of the display housing backing plate.
6.
Lift the display housing front panel off of the display housing backing plate. Remove the
keypad connector from the upper PCA. See Diagram 6.3.
Diagram 6.3 - Upper PCA & Keypad
Upper PCA
Keypad
Connector
Keypad
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
7.
Set the on/off switch in the “on” position.
8.
If a “key depressed” message is immediately displayed when the EFX is powered up,
replace the upper PCA.
9.
If a “key depressed” message is not displayed when the EFX is powered up, replace the
display housing front panel. The display housing front panel is equipped with the keypad.
10. If you have performed all of the procedures above and have been unable to correct the
problem, call Precor customer service.
11. Access the diagnostics program per procedure 3.2. If the key(s) necessary to access the
diagnostic program is not functioning, skip to step 14.
12. Test the keypad per Procedure 3.2, step 4.
13. If all of the keys test good, the problem may be user error or a key function that is normally
disabled during a particular user program.
14. If one or more keys do not function correctly, either the keypad (display housing) or upper
PCA could be defective. Replace the display and repeat step 12. If the display housing did
not correct the problem, re-install the original display housing and replace the upper PCA.
15. If you have performed all of the procedures above and have been unable to correct the
problem, call Precor customer service.
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Procedure 6.3 - Upper Display does not Illuminate
1.
Because this is self powered unit, the display will not illuminate until it is used or the option
external power supply is equipped. If the optional external power supply is equipped, the
display should be constantly illuminated. If the optional external power supply is not
equipped, the unit must be used at a stride rate of 20 strides per minute or higher for the
display to illuminate.
2.
If the optional external power supply is not equipped, skip to step 5.
3.
Disconnect the optional external power supply from the EFX and measure between the
inner and outer sleeves of the external power supply’s output jack with a DC voltmeter. You
should measure approximately 18 VDC.
4.
If the voltage measured in step 3 was significantly low, replace the optional external power
supply. If the voltage measured in step 3 was 0 Vdc, disconnect external power supply from
its AC outlet and measure the voltage at the AC outlet. If the AC outlet voltage is normal
replace the optional external power supply. If the AC outlet voltage is significantly low or 0
Vdc, the AC system must be inspected by an electrician.
5.
Troubleshoot the generator per Procedure 6.4.
6.
If the generator was found to be good, the problem will be in either the lower PCA, upper
PCA or the upper to lower PCA interconnect cables.
Warning
Because this is a self powered unit, it will either be necessary to either equip the unit with the
optional external power supply or have an assistant pedal on the unit while voltage
measurements are being taken. Because of the danger of working on the unit while it is in motion
using the optional external power supply is strongly recommended.
7.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the interconnect cable from the J2 connector of the
lower PCA.
8.
The following voltage reading must be taken while the unit is in motion. Extreme care must
be taken to keep meter leads, hands, etc. clear of all moving parts. Using a DC voltmeter,
measure the voltage between pins 1 and 8 of the J2 connector or between TP20 and TP6.
See Diagram 6.4. The voltage measured should be approximately 8.5 Vdc. If the voltage is
significantly low, replace the lower PCA.
9.
Reconnect the interconnect cable to the J2 connector of the lower PCA and repeat the
voltage measurement in step 8. The voltage measured should be approximately 8.5 Vdc. If
the voltage is significantly low, the problem is in the upper PCA or the upper to lower PCA
interconnect cables.
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Diagram 6.4 - Partial View of Lower PCA
J2 Connector
TP20
F1 Fuse
TP6
10. Troubleshoot the upper to lower PCA interconnect cables per Procedure 6.1.
11. If the upper to lower interconnect cables are found to be good, replace the upper PCA.
12. If you have performed all of the above tests and are unable to resolve the problem, contact
Precor customer support.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 6.4 - Troubleshooting the Generator
The generator performs three functions in the EFX. First, by controlling the amount of electrical
load applied to the generator, the user’s pedalling resistance is controlled. Second, the generator
is used to charge the EFX’s internal battery. Lastly, one of the generators three phase output
windings is monitored to determine when the unit is in use and when it is idle. This system also
determines the stride rate by determining the operating speed (output frequency) of the
monitored generator winding.
Warning
Because this is a self powered unit, it will either be necessary to either equip the unit with the
optional external power supply or have an assistant pedal on the unit while voltage
measurements are being taken. Because of the danger of working on the unit while it is in motion
using the optional external power supply is strongly recommended.
1.
Perform the generator resistance test per Procedure 5.1. If any of the resistance
measurements are significantly high or significantly low, replace the generator.
2.
The following voltage reading must be taken while the unit is in motion. Extreme care must
be taken to keep meter leads, hands, etc. clear of all moving parts. Using an AC voltmeter,
measure the voltage between M3 and M4, M4 and M5, M3 and M5 on the lower PCA. All
three AC voltage readings will vary depending on the unit’s stride rate at the time the
measurement is taken. At a stride rate of 100 strides per minute, all three voltage readings
will be approximately 100 VAC.
3.
If any of the three readings in step 2 are significantly low, replace the generator.
4.
If you have performed all of the above tests and are unable to resolve the problem, contact
Precor customer support.
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Procedure 6.5 - Troubleshooting Hand Held Heart Rate
Circuit Description
The hand held heart rate system is actually a dual system, that is, it can accept a heart rate
signal from either the hand held heart rate contacts on the unit’s handlebar or from a Polar heart
rate chest strap transmitter. Refer to Diagram 6.5 and verify that no jumpers are equipped on
J13, J14, J15 or J16. Also, verify that there is a jumper equipped on the internal chest strap
setting. The internal chest strap setting is the two left hand pins on the three pin connector as
shown below in Diagram 6.5. These settings allow the heart rate system to operate on the
internal chest strap receiver with the chest strap heart rate priority. That is, if both a chest strap
and hand heart rate signal is being received, the system will accept the chest strap signal and
ignore the hand held signal. If a chest strap signal is not being received, the system will accept
the hand held signal.
Note:
There are four typical failure modes for the hand held/chest strap heart rate system. They are:
1 - hand held is normal - no chest strap reading; 2 - no hand held reading - chest strap normal;
3 - no hand held or chest strap reading; 4 - constant or intermittent readings when neither hand
held or chest strap are in use.
Diagram 6.5 - Hand held/chest strap heart rate PCA
J13
HR Output
J14
J15
J16
Internal Chest
Strap Setting
o o o
5 Vdc
Gnd
Lower Right
Upper Right
Upper Left
Lower Left
Normal hand held reading - No chest strap reading
1.
Access the diagnostic program (Procedure 3.2). Advance to the heart rate display portion of
the diagnostic program. Verify that a chest strap signal is not being accepted with either a
Polar heart rate test transmitter or a known good chest strap transmitter. If this reading is
good, skip to step 3.
2.
Using a Polar heart rate test receiver, verify the operation of the chest strap transmitter
furnished with the unit. If the Polar heart rate test receiver does not receive a signal, replace
the chest strap transmitter.
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3.
Remove the display housing.
4.
Verify the internal chest strap setting is set as shown in Diagram 6.5. Verify that a ferrite
bead is installed on the heart rate PCA to upper PCA cable.
5.
If the above procedures did not correct the problem, replace the heart rate PCA.
No hand held reading - Normal chest strap reading
6.
Access the diagnostic program (Procedure 3.2). Advance to the heart rate display portion of
the diagnostic program. Verify that a hand held signal is not being accepted by firmly
grasping both the right and left hand held contacts on the handlebars. Cover as much of the
contact surface area with your hands as possible (without moving your hands), you should
receive a heart rate reading within ten seconds.
7.
Temporarily, install a spare jumper on J14 of the heart rate PCA (hand held priority).
8.
Repeat the procedure in step 6.
9.
If the hand held signal is now being accept, something in the near vicinity is radiating RF
(radio frequency) energy that is being received by the chest strap portion of the heart rate
PCA. Disabling the chest strap signal proves that it is radiated energy that is causing the
problem.
10.
If a hand held signal still not being accepted, skip to step 13.
11. The source of the radiated energy must be determined and relocated so that it no longer
affects the heart rate PCA. Televisions, cell phones, Cardio-theatre receivers, etc. are
possible sources of radiated energy.
12. Set the on/off switch in the “off” position, and remove the temporary jumper from J14 of the
heart rate PCA. Re-locate all potential sources of radiation. Set the on/off switch in the “on”
position and repeat the procedure in step 6.
13. Access the diagnostic program (Procedure 3.2). Advance to the heart rate display portion of
the diagnostic program. Verify that a hand held signal is not being accepted by firmly
grasping both the right and left hand held contacts with the opposite hands, right hand on
the left handlebar contacts and left hand on the right handlebar contacts. Cover as much of
the contact surface area with your hands as possible, you should receive a heart rate
reading within ten seconds. If a hand held signal is still not being accepted, skip to step 15.
14. If a hand held signal was accepted in step 13, the hand held contact wiring is reversed. The
end of the wire harness that connects to the hand held contacts in the handlebar is
segregated into two groups. One group has blue shrink wrap around it and the other group
has black shrink wrap around it. The “blue” group must go to the right hand contacts and the
“black” group must go to the left hand contacts. In both groups the black wire must go to the
lower contact and the red wire must go to the upper contact. If necessary, rewire the hand
held contacts as described above and test as described in step 6.
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15. Refer to Diagram 6.5 for the following measurements. With an ohmmeter measure between
the “lower right contact” pin on the J1 connector and the lower right hand held heart rate
contact on the handlebar. The reading should be 1 Ω or less. Measure between the “upper
right contact” pin on the J1 connector and the upper right hand held heart rate contact on
the handlebar. The reading should be 1 Ω or less. Measure between the “upper left contact”
pin on the J1 connector and the upper left hand held heart rate contact on the handlebar.
The reading should be 1 Ω or less. Measure between the “lower left contact” pin on the J1
connector and the lower left hand held heart rate contact on the handlebar. The reading
should be 1 Ω or less. If any of the above readings are greater than 1 Ω, replace the heart
rate PCA to handlebar wire harness.
No hand held reading - No chest strap reading
16. Access the diagnostic program (Procedure 3.2). Advance to the heart rate display portion of
the diagnostic program. Verify that neither a chest strap signal or a hand held signal is being
accepted with either a heart rate test transmitter or a chest strap transmitter.
17. Check the plug/connector connections on both the heart rate PCA (J4), and upper PCA (J1).
18. If neither a chest strap signal or a hand held signal is being accepted, measure between the
“ground” and “5 Vdc” pins on J4 for 5 Vdc. If 5 Vdc is present, replace the heart rate PCA.
19. If 5 Vdc is not present, remove the connector from J4 of the heart rate PCA. Measure
between the “ground” and “5 Vdc” pins of the connector (just removed from the heart rate
PCA) for 5 Vdc. If 5 Vdc is present, replace the heart rate PCA. If the 5 Vdc is not present,
measure between the corresponding pins of J1 on the upper PCA (red and black wires). If 5
Vdc is not present replace the upper PCA. If 5 Vdc is present, replace the upper PCA to
heart rate PCA cable.
Constant or intermittent readings when neither the hand held or chest strap is in use
20. Verify that a ferrite core is clamped around the heart rate PCA to upper PCA cable.
21. Constant or intermittent heart rate readings when neither heart rate system is in use is
caused by something in the near vicinity radiating RF energy that is being received by the
chest strap portion of the heart rate PCA.
22. Temporarily, install a spare jumper on J14 of the heart rate PCA (hand held priority). Set the
on/off switch in the “on” position and repeat the procedure in step 6.
23. If the hand held signal is now being accept, something in the near vicinity is radiating RF
energy that is being received by the chest strap portion of the heart rate PCA. Disabling the
chest strap signal proves that it is radiated energy that is causing the problem.
24. The source of the radiated energy must be determined and relocated so that it no longer
affects the heart rate PCA. Televisions, cell phones, Cardio-theatre receivers, etc. are
possible sources of radiated energy.
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25. Remove the spare jumper from J14 of the heart rate PCA. Re-locate all potential sources of
radiation. Repeat the procedure in step 6.
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C546 Self Powered Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer
Procedure 6.6 - Troubleshooting the LIft Motor
The lift motor is a 12 Vdc motor with an internally driven 1 KΩ potentiometer used to track ramp
position. Because the lift motor is a DC motor, lift motor direction is controlled by the polarity of
the DC voltage applied to the lift motor. When a positive voltage is applied to the lift motor, the lift
motor will move upward. When a negative voltage is applied to the lift motor, the lift motor will
move downward. As the lift motor moves the 1 KΩ potentiometer is rotated via an internal gear
drive system. The potentiometer’s changing resistance is fed to the lift control system and
converted to and A/D (analog to digital) reading that is used in the diagnostics system to indicate
ramp position.
The ramp operating system has a battery monitoring system. If the battery voltage falls below 11
Vdc when ramp movement is initiated or the battery voltage falls below 10 Vdc after ramp
movement has been initiated, ramp movement will be stopped and the message “NO RAMP
LOW VOLTAGE” will be displayed. Ramp motion will not be enabled until such time as the
battery voltage exceeds the above limits. The battery voltage must be raised to correct this
condition either by battery charging or battery replacement. This is strictly a battery problem and
not a lift system or lift motor problem.
1.
If an Error 40 (no lift movement) is being displayed continue with step 2. If an Error 42 is
being displayed (lift out of range) skip to step 12.
2.
If the lift moves briefly and then displays an Error 40, skip to step 12. If the lift does not move
prior to displaying the Error 40 continue with step 3.
3.
Remove the rear cover. Remove the F1 fuse (6.3 amps) from the lower PCA. See Diagram
6.4. Check the fuses resistance using an ohmmeter. The fuse should read 1 Ω or less. If the
reading is significantly high, replace the fuse. If the fuse is good or replacing the fuse does
not correct the problem, continue with step 4.
4.
Enter the diagnostic program per Procedure 3.2. Using the diagnostic program allows you to
test the lift system without continuously pedalling the unit. Connect a DC volt meter to the J3
connector on the lower PCA as follows: voltmeter common lead to terminal 3 (black wire)
and voltmeter “hot” lead to terminal 2 (red wire). Using the CROSSRAMP , keys operate
the lift. The voltmeter should read +12 Vdc when the lift is instructed to move upward and 12 Vdc when the lift is instructed to move downward.
5.
If when the CROSSRAMP keys are pressed, the display does not indicate that the lift should
be moving, troubleshoot the upper PCA and keypad per Procedure 6.2.
6.
If the voltage measurements in step 4 are correct continue with step 7. If the either voltage
measurement in step 4 is significantly low, replace the lower PCA.
7.
Verify that all of the wires in the intermediate lift cable (the cable inserted in to J3 of the
lower PCA) are securely inserted into the connector housing and providing a good electrical
connection.
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8.
Remove both front covers. Enter the diagnostic program, if necessary, per Procedure 3.2.
Using the diagnostic program allows to test the lift system without continuously pedalling the
unit. Connect a DC volt meter to the lift motor cable as follows: voltmeter common lead to
terminal 2 (brown wire) and voltmeter “hot” lead to terminal 3 (red wire). Using the
CROSSRAMP , keys operate the lift. The voltmeter should read +12 Vdc when the lift is
instructed to move upward and -12 Vdc when the lift is instructed to move downward.
9.
If the voltage measurements in step 8 are correct replace the lift motor. If the either voltage
measurement in step 4 is significantly low, continue with step 10.
10. Verify that all of the wires in the intermediate lift cable (the cable inserted in to J3 of the
lower PCA) are securely inserted into the connector housing and providing a good electrical
connection.
11. If you have performed all of the above tests and are unable to resolve the problem, contact
Precor customer support
12. Enter the diagnostic program per Procedure 3.2 and advance to the Lift Test. If the A/D
reading is either 0 or 255, skip to step 15.
13. Using the CROSSRAMP , keys operate the lift. If the A/D reading tracks the lift
movement smoothly without skips, calibrate the lift motor per Procedure 5.3 and re-test lift
functions in a normal operating mode.
14. If the A/D reading was erratic and did not smoothly follow lift motion, visually check the
connections between the lift intermediate cable and the J3 connector on the lower PCA and
between the lift intermediate cable lift motor cable.
15. Exit the diagnostics program, and leave the unit idle long enough for it to “shut off”.
Disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower PCA. Remove the lift
intermediate cable from the J3 connector of the lower PCA. Using an ohmmeter, test
between terminal 4 (green wire) and terminal 6 (brown wire) of the lift intermediate cable.
The ohmmeter should read approximately 1000Ω.
16. Test between terminal 4 (green wire) and terminal 5 (black wire) of the lift intermediate cable
and between terminal 5 (black wire) and terminal 6 (brown wire) of the lift intermediate
cable. These two readings should total approximately 1000Ω.
17. If the readings in steps 15 and 16 are correct, skip to step 19. If either reading is significantly
high or low, continue with step 18.
18. Disconnect the lift intermediate cable from the lift motor cable. Using an ohmmeter read
each of the six wires in the lift intermediate cable from end to end. Each of the wires in the
lift intermediate cable should read less than 1Ω. If any of the readings are significantly high,
replace the lift intermediate cable. If all of the readings are correct, continue with step 19.
19. Replace the lift motor. Calibrate the lift motor per Procedure 5.3.
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Procedure 7.1 - Replacing the Mid-Point Cover
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
20. Remove two screws that fasten the upper mid-point cover. Remove two screws that fasten
the lower mid-point cover. Remove both halves of the cover and the split gasket. See
Diagram 7.1.
Diagram 7.1 - Mid Point Cover
Split Gasket
Upper Cover
Upper Cover
Mounting Screws
Lower Cover
Lower Cover
Mounting Screws
21. Fit the two replacement cover halves and gasket at their mounting positions. Hand start the
four mounting screws removed in step 2.
22. Hold the cover halves in place and tighten the four mounting screws.
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Procedure 7.2 - Replacing the Display Enclosure or Upper PCA
Anti-static kits (part number 20024-101) can be ordered from Precor.
The keyboard is part of the display housing front panel. If the keyboard is not functioning
properly, replace the display housing front panel.
Removing the Display Housing Front Panel
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
2.
Attach the anti-static wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap
to the units frame.
3.
Remove the four screws that secure the display housing front panel to the display backing
plate.
4.
Attach the wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap to the EFX
frame.
5.
Disconnect the upper interconnect cable from the upper PCA (connector J5).
Removing and Replacing the Upper PCA
6.
Carefully disconnect the keyboard cable from the upper PCA (connector J2).
7.
Remove the four screws that secure the upper PCA to the display housing front panel.
Note:
Package the upper PCA in an anti-static bag and document the problem as described in
Procedure 3.6, Documenting Software Problems.
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Diagram 7.2 - Display Housing Front Panel, Rear View
Interconnect
Cable
Connector
Upper PCA
Keyboard
Connector
8.
Position the upper PCA at its mounting location on the display housing front panel (refer to
Diagram 7.2). Replace and tighten the upper PCA mounting screws.
9.
Reconnect the keyboard cable to the upper PCA.
10. Reconnect the upper interconnect cable to the upper PCA.
11. Remove the ground lead of the wrist strap from the EFX frame, then remove the wrist strap
from your arm.
12. Position the display enclosure on the display plate. Replace and tighten the display
mounting screws.
13. Replace the red battery lead removed in step 1 and check unit operation as described in
Section Four.
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Procedure 7.3 - Replacing the Lower PCA
Removing the Lower PCA
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
2.
Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.19.
3.
Attach the wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap to the EFX
frame.
4.
Disconnect the all of cables and wiring from the lower PCA.
5.
Remove the four screws that secure the lower PCA to the drive unit upright, see Diagram
7.3.
Diagram 7.3 - Lower PCA
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Replacing the Lower PCA
6.
Position the replacement lower PCA at its mounting position and fasten the lower PCA with
the four screws removed in step 5.
7.
Reconnect the lower PCA cables and wiring as follows. Connect the interconnect cable to
connector J2. The 2 conductor cable (red and black wires) from the input power jack to the
J4 connector. The 3 conductor cable from the generator as follows: brown to AC1, blue to
AC2 and violet to AC3. Connect the green/yellow frame ground wire to M8. From the
battery, connect the red wire to M6 and the black wire to M7 of the lower PCA. Connect the
two leads from the load resistors to M1 and M2, the polarity of the load leads is not critical,
either lead may be connected to either the M1 or M2 terminal.
8.
Remove the ground lead of the wrist strap from the EFX frame, then remove the wrist strap
from your arm.
9.
Re-install the rear cover, then check the operation of the C556 as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.4 - Replacing the Upper and/or Lower Interconnect
Cables
Before you install a new interconnect cable, ensure that the interconnect cable is defective as
described in Procedure 6.1.
Procedure
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
2.
Attach the wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap to the EFX
frame.
3.
If you are replacing the lower interconnect cable, skip to step 11.
Replacing the Upper Interconnect Cable
4.
Remove the display housing per Procedure 7.2, steps 2 to 6.
5.
The upper and lower interconnect cables are connected at the mid-point of the main
column. Remove the mid-point column cover per Procedure 7.1.
6.
Disconnect the upper interconnect cable from the mid-point connector. See Diagram 6.2.
Tape the end of the replacement interconnect cable with the to the upper end of the old
interconnect cable (display housing end).
7.
Carefully pull the old interconnect cable out of the mid-point access hole while feeding the
new interconnect cable into the unit. When the new cable is fully into the unit, remove the
tape and discard the old interconnect cable. Connect the upper interconnect cable to the
mid-point connector and push them into the access hole.
8.
Connect the upper interconnect cable to the upper PCA. Replace the display housing per
Procedure 7.2, steps 7 to 12.
9.
Remove the ground lead of the wrist strap from the EFX frame, then remove the wrist strap
from your arm.
10. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Replacing the Lower Interconnect Cable
11. Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.19. Disconnect the interconnect cable from the
lower PCA (connector J2). See Diagram 7.3.
12. The upper and lower interconnect cables are connected at the mid-point of the main
column. Remove the mid-point column cover per Procedure 7.1.
13. Disconnect the lower interconnect cable from the mid-point connector. See Diagram 6.2.
Tape the replacement interconnect cable to the old interconnect cable at the lower PCA end
of the old interconnect cable.
14. Carefully pull the old interconnect cable out of the mid-point access hole while feeding the
new interconnect cable into the unit. When the new cable is fully into the unit, remove the
tape and discard the old interconnect cable. Connect the lower interconnect cable to the
mid-point connector and push them into the access hole.
15. Connect the new interconnect cable to the lower PCA.
16. Reconnect the red lead battery lead removed in step 1 and replace the rear cover.
17. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.5 - Replacing a Crankarm Assembly
Removing a Crankarm Assembly
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
1.
It is only necessary to remove the right or left side of the rear cover to access the crankarm
being replaced. Remove the necessary side(s) of the rear cover.
2.
Remove the stairarm assembly as described in Procedure 7.12, steps 2 to 4.
Note:
Notice the position of the two crank arms. When the crankarms are replaced, they must be
positioned so that they are 180 degrees opposing.
3.
Remove the 14 mm. bolt that secures the crankarm to the input pulley shaft. It will be
necessary, use a Pitman arm puller or 4” to 6 “gear puller to remove the crankarm. Do not
use a hammer or mallet to remove the crankarm.
4.
If you are removing both crank arm assemblies, repeat Steps 3 and 4 for the second
crankarm assembly.
Diagram 7.4 - Crankarm
14 mm. Bolt
Crankarm
Stairarm
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Replacing a Crank Arm Assembly
5.
Clean the crankarm mounting bolt threads and the input pulley shaft threads with an alcohol
swab. Allow them to dry and apply blue loctite to the crankarm mounting bolt threads.
6.
Position the crankarm on the input pulley shaft. Thread and hand tighten the 14 mm. bolt
into the input pulley shaft. Torque the nut to 300 in/lbs.
7.
Replace the stairarm assembly as described in Procedure 7.12, steps 11 to 12.
8.
If you are replacing both crankarm assemblies, repeat steps 6 and 7 for the second
crankarm assembly.
9.
Set the unit at it’s highest resistance setting and use the EFX for a minimum of 3 minutes.
Stride in a forward direction for half of the time and in a backward direction for half of the
time. Set the on/off switch in the “off” position and re-torque both of the 14 mm. crankarm
mounting bolts to 300in/lbs.
10. Replace the rear cover.
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Procedure 7.6 - Replacing the Input Pulley Belt
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
1.
Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.19.
2.
Remove the stairarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.12, steps 2 to 4.
3.
Remove the crankarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.5, steps 2 to 5.
4.
Remove the input pulley assembly per Procedure 7.8 steps 4 to 7.
5.
Remove the left and right tension bolts, locking tabs and brackets from the step up pulley
assembly. Remove the generator belt from the generator’s pulley.
6.
Slide the step up pulley assembly with both the generator and input pulley belts out of the
drive unit.
7.
Remove the input pulley belt. Set the replacement input pulley belt in it’s mounting position
on the step up pulley assembly.
8.
Set the step up pulley assembly with the generator and input belt at its mounting position in
the drive unit. Replace the tensioning bolts, locking tabs and brackets removed in step 6.
Thread, but do not tighten, the left and right tension bolts into the step up pulley shaft.
9.
Place the other end of the generator belt on the generator’s pulley.
10. Place the other end of the input pulley belt on the input pulley assembly and mount the input
assembly per Procedure 7.8, steps 8 to 12.
11. Replace the crankarm assemblies per Procedure 7.5, steps 6 to10.
12. Replace the stairarm assemblies per Procedure 7.12, steps, 11 to 12.
13. Tension both belts per Procedure 5.2. Note the differences between tensioning a new belt
and a existing (used) belt.
14. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.7 - Replacing the Generator Pulley Belt
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
1.
Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.19.
2.
Remove the stairarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.12, steps 2 to 4.
3.
Remove the crankarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.5, steps 2 to 5.
4.
Remove the input pulley assembly per Procedure 7.8, steps 4 to 7.
5.
Remove the left and right tension bolts, locking tabs and brackets from the step up pulley
assembly. Remove the generator belt from the generator’s pulley.
6.
Slide the step up pulley assembly with both the generator and input belts out of the drive
unit.
7.
Remove the generator belt. Set the replacement generator belt in it’s mounting position on
the step up pulley assembly.
8.
Set the step up pulley assembly with the generator and input belt at its mounting position in
the drive unit. Replace the tensioning bolts, locking tabs and brackets removed in step 6.
Thread, but do not tighten, the left and right tension bolts into the step up pulley shaft.
9.
Place the other end of the generator belt on the generator pulley.
10. Mount the input assembly per Procedure 7.8, steps 8 to 12.
11. Replace the crankarm assemblies per Procedure 7.5, steps 6 to 10.
12. Replace the stairarm assemblies per Procedure 7.12, steps, 11 to 12.
13. Tension both belts per Procedure 5.2. Note the differences between tensioning a new belt
and a existing (used) belt.
14. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.8 - Replacing the Input Pulley Assembly
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
1.
Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.19.
2.
Remove the stairarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.12, steps 2 to 4.
3.
Remove the crankarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.5, steps 2 to 5.
4.
Remove the input pulley assembly mounting nuts (2 per pillow block bearing).
5.
Remove tension from the input pulley belt as described in step 6:
6.
Straighten the locking tabs and turn the left and right tension bolts counterclockwise until
tension is removed from the both belts. (See Diagram 5.2)
Diagram 7.5 - Input Pulley Assembly
Pillow Block
Bearing
Input Pulley
Belt
Input Pulley
Mounting Nut
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7.
Remove the input pulley assembly. Slide input pulley belt off of the input pulley assembly.
8.
Hold the replacement input pulley assembly at it’s mounting position and slide the input belt
over and past the pillow block bearing and onto the input pulley assembly.
9.
Replace the bolts in one of the pillow block bearings and torque both nuts to 500 inch
pounds. Using a mallet or dead blow hammer, tap the other pillow block bearing until the
edge of the pillow block bearing is parallel with the edge of the frame upright. Replace the
nuts in the other pillow block bearing and torque to 500 in pounds.
10. Replace the crankarms per Procedure 7.5, steps 6 to 10. The crankarms must be parallel to
the frame uprights. See Diagram 7.6. If necessary loosen the four drive unit mounting bolts,
align the drive unit and torque the drive unit mounting bolts to 500 inch pounds.
11. Tension both belts per Procedure 5.2. Note the differences between tensioning a new belt
and a existing (used) belt.
12. Replace the rear cover.
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Procedure 7.9 - Replacing the Step-Up Pulley Assembly
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
1.
Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.19.
2.
Remove the stairarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.12, steps 2 to 4.
3.
Remove the crankarm assemblies as described in Procedure 7.5, steps 2 to 5.
4.
Remove tension from the input pulley and generator belts as described below:
a.
Straighten the locking tabs and turn the left and right tension bolts counterclockwise until
tension is removed from the both belts. (See Diagram 5.2)
b.
Remove both tension bolts and slide the input belt off of the step up pulley assembly.
5.
Place the input belt and step up belt in place on the replacement step up pulley. Set other
end of the generator belt on the generator pulley.
6.
Replace the tension bolts and associated hardware removed in step 5b.
7.
Tension both belts per Procedure 5.2. Note the differences between tensioning a new belt
and a existing (used) belt.
8.
Replace the crankarms per Procedure 7.5, steps 6 to 10.
9.
Replace the rear cover.
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Procedure 7.10 - Replacing a Wheel Assembly
Procedure
1.
On February 2, 2004 the wheel assembly was modified to a wheel assembly utilizing larger
bearings and a larger mounting bolts. If the wheel being replaced has large (5/16-18)
mounting bolts, skip to step 7. If the wheel being replaced has a small (8-32) mounting
screw, continue with step 2.
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
2.
Because the replacement wheels are improved, both the right and left wheel should be
replaced. Additionaly, two new wheel covers (43702-504) will be required accomodate
larger wheel mounting bolts.
3.
The wheel assembly is provided as an assembly that includes both wheels and replacement
wheel axle screws. Remove the four wheel cover mounting screws, wheel cover from the
stairarm and discard the wheel and cover.
4.
Mount the replacement wheel cover on the stairarm with the screws removed in step 3.
Diagram 7.6 - Wheel Assembly
Wheel Axle
Screw or Bolt
Wheel Assembly
Stairarm
Wheel Cover
Mounting Screws
Wheel Cover
5.
Install the replacement wheel assembly in the wheel cover. Install and hand tighten the two
wheel axle bolts. Torque the wheel cover bolts to 15 foot-pounds.
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6.
Thoroughly test the operation of the wheel assemblies.
7.
Remove the two wheel axle bolts from the wheel. Discard the bolts and the wheel.
Replacement wheel mounting bolts are furnished with the replacement wheel.
8.
Install the replacement wheel assembly in the wheel cover. Install and hand tighten the two
wheel axle bolts. Torque the wheel cover bolts to 15 foot-pounds.
9.
Thoroughly test the operation of the wheel assemblies
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Procedure 7.11 - Replacing a Stairarm Pedal
1.
Loosen and remove the two bolts that fasten the stairarm pedal onto the stairarm.
2.
Remove the stairarm pedal from the stairarm.
3.
Set the replacement stairarm pedal at it’s mounting position on the stairarm.
4.
Install and hand tighten the stairarm pedal mounting hardware removed in step 2. Torque
the stairarm pedal mounting bolts to 60 in/lbs.
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Procedure 7.12 - Replacing a Stairarm
1.
Remove the rear cover per Procedure 7.1.
2.
Remove the retaining clip that fastens the stairarm pivot block to the crankarm. Slide the
stairarm off of the crankarm.
3.
Loosen and remove the two bolts that fasten the stairarm pedal onto the stairarm.
4.
Remove the stairarm pedal from the stairarm.
5.
Set the stairarm pedal at it’s mounting position on the replacement stairarm.
6.
Install and hand tighten the stairarm pedal mounting hardware removed in step 5. Torque
the stairarm pedal mounting bolts to 60 in/lbs.
7.
Remove the four screws that fasten the wheel/cover assembly to the stairarm. Remove the
wheel/cover assembly from the stairarm.
8.
Install the wheel/cover assembly on the replacement stairarm. Install and hand tighten the
four wheel/cover assembly screws. Torque the wheel/cover assembly mounting screws to
70 in/lbs.
9.
Slide the replace stairarm onto the crankarm. Replace the retaining clip removed in step 3.
10. Replace the rear cover per Procedure 7.1.
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Procedure 7.13 - Replacing a Ramp Assembly
Procedure
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
2.
Rotate both stairarms to the rear of the unit.
3.
Remove the bolts that fasten the lift yoke into the ramp assembly. Slide the lift yoke out of
the ramp assembly and rotate the ramp assembly toward the rear of the unit.
4.
Remove four rear ramp mounting bolts (2 each side). See Diagram 7.7.
Diagram 7.7 - Rear Ramp Mounting
Ramp
Mounting
Bolt
Mounting
Bracket
5.
Remove the ramp from the EFX. .
6.
Set the ramp assembly at its mounting position. Hand start the four rear mounting bolts.
Slide the lift yoke ito the ramp and replace and hand tighten the yoke mountin bolts. Torque
the rear mounting bolts to 120 inch pounds. Torque the yoke mounting bolts to 240 inch
pounds.
7.
Rotate both stairarms forward onto the ramp assembly.
8.
Reconnect the red battery lead removed in step 1 and replace the rear cover.
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Procedure 7.14 - Replacing a Handlebar
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
2.
Loosen the screws that fasten the upper end of the handrail into the upper handrail clamp.
3.
Loosen the four set screws that fasten the lower end of the handrail into the frame tube.
4.
Slide the upper end of the handrail out of the upper handrail clamp and then slide the lower
end of the handrail off of the frame tube.
5.
Slide the upper end of the replacement handrail into the upper handrail clamp and then
insert the lower end of the handrail onto the frame tube mount.
6.
Tighten the upper handrail screws and lower handrail set screws.
7.
Reconnect the red battery lead removed in step 1 and replace the rear cover.
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Procedure 7.15 - Replacing the Upper Main Column
WARNING
Before continuing with this procedure, review the Warning and Caution statements listed in
Section One, Things You Should Know.
1.
Remove the mid-point cover per Procedure 7.1.
2.
Attach the wrist strap to your arm, then connect the ground lead of the wrist strap to the EFX
frame.
3.
Carefully reach into the access hole in the lower front of the upper main column and extract
the interconnect cables.
4.
Disconnect the upper interconnect cable from the mid-point connector. See Diagram 7.10.
Diagram 7.10 - Upper Main Column Mounting
Lower
Interconnect
Cable
Upper
Interconnect
Cable
Mid-Point
Connector
Upper Main
Column
5.
Remove the four bolts that fasten the upper main column to the frame. Remove the upper
main column.
6.
Remove the four screws that fasten the display housing backing plate to the upper main
column. Remove the display housing from the upper main column and carefully draw the
upper interconnect cable out of the upper main column.
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7.
Feed the upper interconnect cable into the replacement upper main column and fasten the
display housing to the replacement upper main column with the screws removed in step 7.
8.
Draw the upper interconnect cable out of the access hole at the bottom of the upper main
column as shown in Diagram 7.14.
9.
Set the upper main column at it’s mounting position, hand start the four mounting bolts
removed in step 5. Torque the mounting bolts to 100 inch pounds.
10. Connect the upper interconnect cable to the mid-point connector. Carefully push the
interconnect cables into the upper main column access hole.
11. Replace the mid-point cover per Procedure 7.1.
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Procedure 7.16 - Replace the Rear Cover
1.
The rear cover is a four piece cover; front, top, left and right sections. If the front cover
section is being removed, the frame cover must also be removed (See Diagram 7.11).
2.
If you are removing either the right or left cover section, it is only necessary to remove the
four screws that fasten the cover section.
Diagram 7.11 - Frame Cover
Frame
Cover
Mounting
Screw
3.
If you are replacing either the front or top cover section, you must first remove the left and
right cover sections and then remove the cover section being replaced.
4.
If you are removing the top cover (See Diagram 7.12), remove the two phillip screws that
fasten the top cover section to the frame upright. Remove three screws that fasten the top
cover section to the rear cover support. Remove two screws that fasten the top cover
section to the front cover section.
5.
If you are removing the front cover section, the right, left and top cover sections must be
removed first. Remove the four screws that fasten the frame cover to the frame (See
Diagram 7.1). Remove two phillips screws that fasten the bottom of the front cover section
to the frame. Lift the rear portion of the frame cover and carefully remove the front cover
section. If it is necessary to remove the frame cover, lift the rear of the frame cover, slide the
frame cover out of the ramp and remove the frame cover.
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Diagram 7.12 - Top Cover Section (with right & left cover sections removed)
Top Cover
Section
Front Cover
Section
Mounting
Screw
Frame
Upright
6.
If all four cover sections have been removed, first replace the frame cover and front cover
section, then the top cover section and then the left and right cover sections as described
below.
7.
Slide the tongue of the frame cover into the ramp. Lift the rear of the frame cover and fit the
front cover against the frame cover. Slide the front and frame covers into place as a unit.
Replace and tighten the four phillips screws that fasten the frame cover to the frame.
Replace and tighten the two phlliips screws that fasten the front cover section to the frame.
8.
Set the top cover section in it’s mounting position, replace and tighten the two phillips
screws that fasten the top cover section to the frame upright. See Diagram 7.12. Replace
and tighten the three screws that fasten the top cover section to the rear cover support.
Replace and tighten the two screws that fasten the top cover section to the front cover
section.
9.
Set the left cover section in it’s mounting position, replace and tighten the four screws that
fasten the left cover section to the front cover section, top cover section and rear cover
support.
10. Set the right cover section in it’s mounting position, replace and tighten the four screws that
fasten the right cover section to the front cover section, top cover section and rear cover
support.
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Procedure 7.17 - Replacing a Load Resistor
Warning
When the EFX is operated the load resistors get very hot. Be sure to allow the load resistors
enough time to cool before continuing with this procedure.
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
2.
Remove the three screws that fasten the load resistor assembly and shield to the frame
upright. Rotate the load resistor assembly 180 degrees and set it on the top of the frame
upright. See Diagram 7.13.
Diagram 7.13 - Load Resistor Assembly
Load Resistor
Load Resistor Clip
Mounting Bracket
3.
Remove the screws that fasten the load resistor wiring from both terminals of the resistors.
4.
Remove the screw that fastens one of the load resistor clips to the mounting bracket.
Remove the resistor(s) being replaced.
5.
Slide the replacement resistor into its mounting position so that its terminals contact the
terminals of the other load resistor. Slide the load resistor clip, removed in step 4 into the
opposite end of both resistors and fasten the load resistor clip to the mounting bracket with
the screw removed in step 4.
6.
Reconnect the load resistor wiring removed in step 3. When compete the resistors should
be connected to each other with a load resistor wire connected to each terminal of the
resistors.
7.
Rotate the load resistor assembly back into its mounting position with the shield between
the load resistor and the frame upright. Fasten the load resistor assembly and shield to the
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frame upright with the screws removed in step 2.
8.
Route the load resistor wires into the slots at the top of the frame upright. This will keep the
wires away from all moving parts, such as the stairarms.
9.
Reconnect the red battery lead removed in step 1 and replace the cover.
10. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.18 - Replacing a Generator
WARNING
When the unit is used, stairarms are in motion or the generator is rotated by any means, the
generator will produce potentially hazardous voltages even when the battery is disconnected.
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
4.
Disconnect the generator output cable from the lower PCA, terminals AC1, AC2 and AC3.
Diagram 7.14 - Generator Mounting
Adjustment Bolt
Mounting Bolt
5.
Remove the four mounting bolts that fasten the generator to the frame. remove the
generator belt from the generator. Remove the generator adjustment bolt from the
generator. See Diagram 7.14.
6.
Mount the adjustment bolt in the replacement generator with a nut on each side of the
generator bracket.
7.
Set the generator in its mounting position and hand start the four mounting bolts removed in
step 5 so that the bolts are as far in as possible while still allowing the generator to slide on
its mounting slots. Using the rearward nut on the adjustment bolt tension the generator belt
to 60 pounds, refer to Procedure 5.2. See Diagram 7.14.
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8.
When the generator belt tension is correct, torque the four generator mounting bolts to 150
inch pounds. Securely tighten the forward nut on the adjustment bolt.
9.
Reconnect the red battery lead removed in step 1 and replace the rear cover.
10. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.19 - Replacing a Battery
1.
Remove the rear cover
2.
Disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower PCA and the black battery
lead from M7 of the lower PCA and the green/yellow frame ground lead from M8 of the lower
PCA. See Diagram 7.15.
Diagram 7.15 - Lower PCA, Battery Assembly (with battery wires disconnected)
J3
J4
Mounting
Screw
Battery
Battery
Bracket
3.
Disconnect the J3 and J4 connectors from the lower PCA.
4.
While supporting the lower PCA and battery assembly remove the four screws that fasten
the battery bracket to the frame upright.
5.
Swing the lower PCA and battery assembly away from the frame upright and slide the
battery out of the battery bracket.
6.
Remove the red and black wires form the battery and connect them to the replacement
battery as follows: the red wire to the positive (+) battery terminal and the black wire to the
negative (-) terminal. Note: There is a red dot next to the positive terminal of the battery.
See Diagram 7.16.
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Diagram 7.16 - Battery Wiring
Red Wire
Red Dot
Positive Term
7.
Slide the replacement battery into the battery bracket with the battery terminals nearest to
the open end of the battery bracket.
8.
Fasten the lower PCA and battery assembly to the frame upright with the screws removed in
step 4.
9.
Reconnect the J3 and J4 connectors to the lower PCA.
10. Reconnect the green/yellow frame ground wire to terminal M8 of the lower PCA. Reconnect
the black battery lead to terminal M7 of the lower PCA. Reconnect the red battery lead to
terminal M6 of the lower PCA.
11. Replace the rear cover.
12. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.20 - Replacing a Power Input Jack Assembly
1.
Remove the rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the lower
PCA.
2.
Disconnect the J4 connector from the lower PCA. See Diagram 7.15.
Diagram 7.17 - Power Input Jack Mounting
Input Jack
Mounting Plate
Mounting Screw
Mounting Nut
Input Jack
3.
Remove the screws that fasten the power input jack mounting plate to the rear cover
support. See Diagram 7.17.
4.
Remove the power input jack mounting plate with the power input jack assembly from the
unit.
5.
Remove the nut that fastens the power input jack to the power input jack mounting plate.
Remove the power input jack from the power input jack mounting plate.
6.
Fasten the replacement power input jack to the power input mounting with the mounting nut
provided with the power input jack.
7.
Feed the power input jack wiring through the hole in the rear cover support and mount the
power input jack mounting plate with the screws removed in step 3.
8.
Route the power input jack wiring to the lower PCA. Connect the plug on the power input
jack wiring to the J4 connector on the lower PCA.
9.
Reconnect the red wire battery lead, removed in step 1, to the positive (+) terminal of the
battery.
10. Replace the rear cover.
11. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.21 - Replacing a Lift Motor
1.
Remove the left rear cover and disconnect the red battery lead from terminal M6 of the
lower PCA.
2.
Remove both front covers. Carefully, extract the lift motor cable from the frame access hole
and disconnect the lift motor cable from the lift intermediate cable.
3.
Remove the four screws that fasten the lift motor yoke into the ramp.
4.
Carefully, slide the lift motor yoke out of the ramp and lower the ramp until it is resting on the
frame.
5.
Remove the nut, washer and bolt that fasten the lower end of the lift motor to the frame and
remove the lift motor assembly from the EFX.
6.
Remove the nut and bolt from the end of the lift motor drive screw. Thread the lift motor yoke
assembly off of the lift motor drive screw. See Diagram 5.4.
7.
Thread the lift yoke assembly, removed in step 6, onto the replacement lift motor’s drive
screw.
8.
Install the nut and bolt, removed in step 6, into the end of the replacement lift motor’s drive
screw.
9.
Mount the lift motor to the EFX frame with the nut, washer and bolt removed in step 5.
10. Calibrate the lift motor per Procedure 5.3.
11. Replace both front covers.
12. Reconnect the red battery lead to terminal M6 of the lower PCA. Replace the rear cover.
13. Check the operation of the EFX as described in Section Four.
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Procedure 7.22 - Replacing the PROM
Anti-static kits (part number 20024-101) can be ordered from Precor.
1.
The PROM and the associated printed circuit assembly (PCA) are static sensitive. Antistatic devices must be used and all anti-static precautions must be followed during this
procedure.
2.
Remove the printed circuit assembly per its associated procedure.
3.
Currently we are using two styles of IC software packages. they are a 28 pin dual in line
package (DIP28) and a forty-four pin square package (PLCC44). Each of these packages
should be removed with a proper IC removal tool (see the illustrations below)
PLCC44 removal tool
DIP28 removal tool
4.
The IC’s may inserted into their socket by hand by carefully aligning the notch on the IC with
the notch on the IC socket and carefully pressing the IC into its socket. See the illustrations
below for the alignment notches. Care must be taken that the IC legs on a DIP28 are all
aligned in the socket to prevent the legs from bending when inserted. The PLCC44 IC must
be carefully aligned squarely in its socket or it will not insert. Do not force the IC into its,
socket. If it does not insert easily, remove the it and re-align it in its socket.
DIP28
Notch
Notch
Notch
PLCC44
Notch
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Wiring Diagram 8.1 - C546 Self Powered
J3-6
20 Ohm, 300W
Load Resistor
J3-2
J3-3
J3-4
J3-5
Intermediate Connector
R
BK
W
G
BR
R
BK
BR
BL
Lift Motor
O
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Block Diagram 8.2 - C546 Self Powered
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