MTD 27-Ton Operator`s manual

®
Operator's Manual
27 Ton
Log Splitter
Model 570
IMPORTANT:
Warning:
Read safety rules and instructions
This unit is equipped with an internal combustion
carefully
before operating
equipment.
engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved
forest-
covered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine's exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting
applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have
similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized
service dealer or contact the service department, P.O. Box 368022 Cleveland, Ohio 44136-9722.
TROY-BILT
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
LLC, P.O. BOX 361131
CLEVELAND,
OHIO 44136-0019
FORM NO. 769-01326
(7/2004)
TABLEOFCONTENTS
Content
Page
3
5
7
8
Important Safe Operation Practices
Assembling Your Log Splitter
Know Your Log Splitter
Operating Your Log Splitter
Adjusting Your Log Splitter
10
Content
Maintaining Your Log Splitter
Storing Your Log Splitter
Trouble Shooting
Illustrated Parts List
Warranty
Page
10
12
12
14
16
FINDINGMODELNUMBER
This Operator's Manual is an important part of your new log splitter. It will help you assemble, prepare and
maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.
Before you start assembling your new equipment, please locate the model plate on the
equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below. A sample model plate is
also given below. You can locate the model plate by standing behind the unit and looking down at
the hydraulic tank. This information will be necessary to use the manufacturer's web site and/or
help from the Customer Support Department or an authorized service dealer.
Copy the model number here:
Copy the serial number here:
www.troybHt.com
CLEVELAND.
OH44135
338-558-7220
1-880-520-552_
CUSTOMER
SUPPORT
Please do NOTretl/m the unitto the retailer from where it waspurchased,withoutfirst contactingCustomerSupport.
If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or
maintenance of this unit, you can seek help from the experts. Choose from the options below:
Visit troybilt.com
for many useful suggestions. Click on Customer Support button and you will
get the four options reproduced here. Click on the appropriate button and help is immediately
available.
OOh¢_) '".........
"' '" " "'_
i/
>
If you prefer to reach a Customer Support Representative,
please call 1-800-520-5520.
The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with regards to
3erformance, power-rating, specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine
manufacturer's Owner's/Operator's Manual, packed separately with your unit, for more
information.
SECTION1: IMPORTANT
SAFEOPERATION
PRACTICES
_
This and/or
symbol property
points out
safety
instructions
which,
notinstructions
followed, could
theARNING:
personal safety
of important
yourself and
others.
Read and
followif all
in thisendanger
manual
before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal
injury. When you see this symbol - heed its warning.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components
contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects
or other reproductive harm.
DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual.
As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious
injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the
following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
GeneralPractices
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
5.
6.
7.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the
machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to
assemble and operate. Keep this manual in a safe place
for future and regular reference and for ordering
replacement parts.
Be familiar with all controls and proper operation. Know
how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly.
Never allow children under 16 years to operate this
machine. Children,16 years and over, should read and
understand instructions and safety rules in this manual
and should be trained and supervised by a parent.
Never allow adults to operate this machine without
proper instruction.
Many accidents occur when more than one person
operates the machine. If a helper is assisting in loading
logs, never activate the control until the helper is a
minimum of 10 feet from the machine.
Keep bystanders, helpers, pets, and children at least 20
feet from the machine while it is in operation.
Never allow anyone to ride on this machine.
Never transport cargo on this machine.
Hydraulic log splitters develop high fluid pressures during
operation. Fluid escaping through a pin hole opening can
penetrate your skin and cause blood poisoning,
gangrene, or death. Give attention to the following
instructions at all times:
a. Do not check for leaks with your hand.
b. Do not operate machine with frayed, kinked,
cracked, or damaged hoses, fitting, or tubing.
c. Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system
pressure before changing or adjusting fittings,
hoses, tubing, or other system components.
d. Do not adjust the pressure settings of the pump or
valve.
Leaks can be detected by passing cardboard or wood,
while wearing protective gloves and safety glasses, over
the suspected area. Look for discoloration of cardboard
or wood.
If injured by escaping fluid, see a doctor immediately.
Serious infection or reaction can develop if proper
medical treatment is not administered immediately.
Keep the operator zone and adjacent area clear for safe,
secure footing.
8.
If your machine is equipped with an internal combustion
engine and it is intended for use near any unimproved
forest, brush, or grass covered land, the engine exhaust
should be equipped with a spark arrester. Make sure you
comply with applicable local, state, and federal codes.
Take appropriate firefighting equipment with you.
9. This machine should be used for splitting wood only, do
not use it for any other purpose.
10. Follow the instructions in the manual(s) provided with any
attachment(s) for this machine.
Preparation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Always wear safety shoes or heavy boots.
Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during
operating this machine.
Never wear jewelry or loose clothing that might become
entangled in moving or rotating parts of the machine.
Make sure machine is on level surface before operating.
Always block machine to prevent unintended movement,
and lock in either horizontal or vertical position.
Always operate this machine from the operator zone(s)
specified in the manual.
Logs should be cut with square ends prior to splitting.
Use log splitter in daylight or under good artificial light.
To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme
care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely
flammable and the vapors are explosive. Serious
personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on
yourself or your clothes which can ignite. Wash your skin
and change immediately.
a. Use only an approved gasoline container.
b. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
c. Never fuel machine indoors.
d. Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the
engine is hot or running.
e. Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before
refueling.
f.
Never overfill the fuel tank. Fill tank to no more
than 1/2 inch below bottom of filler neck to provide
space for fuel expansion.
g. Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
j,
If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and
equipment, move machine to another area. Wait 5
minutes before starting the engine.
Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, spark or pilot light
as on a water heater, space heater, furnace,
clothes dryer or other gas appliances.
Allow machine to cool 5 minutes before storing.
Maintenance and Storage
1.
2.
3.
Operation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Before starting this machine, review the "Safety
Instructions". Failure to follow these rules may result in
serious injury to the operator or bystanders.
Never leave this machine unattended with the engine
running.
Do not operate machine while under the influence of
alcohol, drugs, or medication.
Never allow anyone to operate this machine without
proper instruction.
Always operate this machine with all safety equipment in
place and working. Make sure all controls are properly
adjusted for safe operation.
Do not change the engine governor settings or
overspeed the engine. The governor controls the
maximum safe operating speed of the engine.
When loading a log, always place your hands on the
sides of the log, not on the ends, and never use your foot
to help stabilize a log. Failure to do so, may result in
crushed or amputated fingers, toes, hand, or foot.
Use only your hand to operate the controls.
Never attempt to split more than one log at a time unless
the ram has fully extended and a second log is needed to
complete the separation of the first log.
For logs which are not cut square, the least square end
and the longest portion of the log should be placed
toward the beam and wedge, and the square end placed
toward the end plate.
When splitting in the vertical position, stabilize the log
before moving the control. Split as follows:
a. Place log on the end plate and turn until it leans
against the beam and is stable.
b. When splitting extra large or uneven logs, the log
must be stabilized with wooden shims or split
wood between the log and end plate or ground.
Always keep fingers away from any cracks that open in
the log while splitting. They can quickly close and pinch
or amputate your fingers.
Keep your work area clean. Immediately remove split
wood around the machine so you do not stumble over it.
Never move this machine while the engine is running.
This machine should not be towed on any street, highway
or public road without checking the existing federal, state,
or local vehicle requirements. Any licensing or
modifications such as taillights, etc., needed to comply, is
the sole responsibility of the purchaser. If a "Statement of
Origin" is required in your state, see your local dealer.
Do not tow machine faster than 45mph.
See Transporting the Log Splitter section in this manual
for proper towing instructions once all federal, local, or
state requirements are met.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Stop the engine, disconnect the spark plug and ground it
against the engine before cleaning, or inspecting the
machine.
Stop the engine and relieve hydraulic system pressure
before repairing or adjusting fittings, hoses, tubing, or
other system components.
To prevent fires, clean debris and chaff from the engine
and muffler areas. If the engine is equipped with a spark
arrester muffler, clean and inspect it regularly according
to manufacturers instructions. Replace if damaged.
Periodically check that all nuts and bolts, hose clamps,
and hydraulic fittings are tight to be sure equipment is in
safe working condition.
Check all safety guards and shields to be sure they are in
the proper position. Never operate with safety guards,
shields, or other protective features removed.
The pressure relief valve is preset at the factory. Do not
adjust the valve.
Never attempt to move this machine over hilly or uneven
terrain without a tow vehicle or adequate help.
For your safety, replace all damaged or worn parts
immediately with original equipment manufacturer's
(O.E.M.) parts only. "Use of parts which do not meet the
original equipment specifications may lead to improper
performance and compromise safety!"
Do not alter this machine in any manner, alterations such
as attaching a rope or extension to the control handle, or
adding to the width or height of the wedge may result in
personal injury.
YourResponsibility
Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who read,
understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this
manual and on the machine. Some of the safety labels are
reproduced here. Always follow directions on safety labels
found on your equipment.
MOVING
LOG
• Lock Jacks
SPLITTER
a,d
BY HAND;
,downpos
"Donotattempttomovelogsplltterj
p o dow,
a s ope by ha,d
S32422
n
i TOWING
•
:"
.
ae
LGG
2euper
with
2
SPLITTER;
ball
e
ass
Latch
in full ._ poslt i_n.
or
,g er
i
hitch
securely
j
J.
_eupe
ad
_,en
sneede.I
"
refer to owner s mammL
Raise jack stan.I a_d latch securely
. Donottowfastertha_14_mph.
High
sp_ed
may
¢_use
loss
.ChecT:local._ateandf_dera
_q.i_ment
s before t owi_lg
public road.
_f
c_t_tr(*l.
I
m_ any
SECTION2: ASSEMBLING
YOURLOGSPLITTER
UnpackingfromCrate
AttachingtheTongue
•
•
•
•
•
_
Pry top, sides, and ends off the crate. Set panels
aside to avoid tire puncture or personal injury.
Remove and discard plastic bag that covers unit.
Remove any loose parts if included with unit (i.e.,
operator's manual, etc.)
Cut and remove straps which secure parts to
bottom of crate. Unbolt any remaining parts which
may be bolted to the bottom of the crate.
thisARNING:
machine. Some
Use extreme
components
caution
areunpacking
very
heavy and will require additional people or
mechanical handling equipment.
LoosePartsIn Carton
•
•
•
With the log splitter still standing upright, remove
two hex bolts, lock washers, and hex nuts from the
end of the tongue. See Figure 1.
Align the holes in the tongue with the holes in the
tank bracket and secure with hardware just
removed. See Figure 1.
NOTE: High pressure hose must be above the tongue
assembly.
Connecting
Cylinderto Beam
•
The log splitter is shipped with the beam in the
vertical position. Pull out the vertical beam lock,
rotate it back, and pivot the beam to the horizontal
position until it locks. See Figure 2.
Tongue assembly
Tail light kit
BeforeAssembly
•
Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against
the engine to prevent unintended starting.
Vertical
Beam Lock
NOTE: Reference to right or left hand side of the log
splitter is observed from the operating position.
Assembling
the Tongue
Attachingthe Jack Stand
•
•
The jack stand is shipped in the transport position.
Remove the spring clip and clevis pin and pivot the
jack stand towards the ground to the operating
position.
Secure the jack stand in position with the clevis pin
and spring clip. See Figure 1.
Spring
Clip
Bracket
Lock
Washer
Tongue
Hex Nut
\
Jack
Stand
Figure 2
Disconnect the dislodger from the beam weld
bracket by removing the six hex screws and flat
washers. See Figure 3.
"_ Dislodger
Bracket
......
Washer
Hex Bolt
Figure 1
Figure 3
•
Disconnect the log cradle from the beam on the
side of the control valve. See Figure 4.
PreparingtheLog Splitter
•
•
Lock
Washer
Nut
•
Lubricate the beam area (where the splitting wedge
will slide) with engine oil; do not use grease.
Remove vented reservoir dipstick, which is located
in front of the engine on top of the reservoir tank.
See Figure 6.
Fill the reservoir tank with Dexron III automatic
transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid.
NOTE: The reservoir tank has a capacity of 3.5 gallons.
Check fluid level using the dipstick. See Figure 6.
Do not overfill. Replace vented dipstick securely,
tightening it until the top of the threads are flush
with top of the pipe.
Hex Bolt
Dipstick
\
Disconnect
Log Cradle
......
Figure 4
•
•
Lift and slide the cylinder up to the top of beam and
into the weld brackets.
Attach the dislodger over the wedge assembly and
secure with hardware previously removed, to the
weld brackets. See Figure 5.
\\
Reservoir
Tank
NOTE: Once the six hex screws are tightened, there
may be a slight gap between the dislodger and the weld
brackets. This gap is normal.
Figure 6
•
•
Reattach the log cradle to the side of the beam with
the control valve, aligning the ends of the cradle
with the beam flanges. See Figure 5.
Roll log splitter off the bottom crate.
•
•
•
Make sure the spark plug wire is disconnected.
Then prime the pump by pulling the recoil starter as
faras it will go. Repeat approximately 10 times.
Reconnect the spark plug wire and start engine
following instructions in the OPERATION section.
Use control handle to engage the wedge to the
farthest extended position. Then retract the wedge.
Refill tank as specified on the dipstick.
NOTE: Failure to refill the tank will void un#'s warranty.
•
•
_
\
\Attach dislodger
here
Extend and retract the wedge 12 complete cycles
to remove trapped air in the system (the system is
"self-bleeding").
Refill reservoir within range marked on the dipstick.
been drawn intoMuch
WARNING:
the cylinder
of the original
and hoses.
fluid has
Make
certain to refill the reservoir to prevent damage
to the hydraulic pump.
NOTE: Some fluid may overflow from the vent plug as
the system builds heat and the fluid expands and seeks
a balanced level.
cradle here
•
Figure 5
Attach taillights as instructed in the taillight kit
manual included with your log splitter.
SECTION3: KNOWYOURLOGSPLITTER
Compare the illustration in Figure 7 below with the controls on your log splitter, and get familiar with its features
before starting to operate. Know how to stop the machine quickly in the event of an emergency.
How it works
/
Handle
_
Reverse
"
(Automatic)
Log
tTo r,eturn
weage
I
Neutral I
Assembly
\\
Control
Handle
\\
To stop
wedge
I
I/
Forward____ v To split
(Manual)
wood
Jack Stand
Beam Lock
Cradle
Beam Lock
Tank
Tail Light
Horizontal
Beam Lock
Vertical
Beam Lock
Figure 7
ControlHandle
EngineControls
The control handle has three positions. See Figure 7.
•
FORWARD: Move control handle FORWARD or
DOWN to move wedge to split wood.
See the accompanying engine manual for the location
and function of the controls on the engine.
NOTE: Control handle will return to neutral position as
soon as handle is released. (Forward Position only)
•
•
NEUTRAL: Release the control handle or move
the lever to neutral position to stop the wedge
movement.
REVERSE: Move control handle BACK or UP to
return the wedge toward the cylinder. The control
handle stays in the return (Reverse) position and
returns to neutral automatically when fully
retracted.
NOTE: Reverse position may also be operated back to
neutral position manually, if necessary.
BeamLocks
These two locks, as their name suggests, are used to
secure the beam in the horizontal or the vertical
position. The vertical beam lock is located next to the oil
filter. The horizontal beam lock is located on the beam
support latch bracket. See Figure 7.
StoppingEngine
•
Move throttle control handle to STOP or OFF
•
•
position.
Turn off the engine switch, if so equipped.
Disconnect spark plug wire and ground against the
engine to prevent unintended starting.
IMPORTANT:Your log splitter is shipped with motor oil in
the engine. However, you MUST check the oil level
before operating. Be careful not to overfill.
SECTION4: OPERATING
YOURLOGSPLITTER
WARNING:
Read, understand, and follow all
instructions and warnings on the machine and
in this manual before operating.
WARNING:
Wear leather work gloves,
safety shoes, ear protection, and safety
glasses when operating a log splitter. Ensure
safe footing.
GasandOilFill-Up
•
_
Service the engine with gasoline and oil as
instructed in the engine manual packed with your
log splitter. Read instructions carefully.
handling gasoline.
WARNING:
UseGasoline
extreme is
care
extremely
when
flammable and the vapors are explosive. Never
fuel machine indoors or while the engine is hot
or running.
IMPORTANT:Your log splitter is shipped with motor oil in
the engine. However, you MUST check the oil level
before operating. Be careful not to overfill.
NOTE: Gasoline can be added to the engine when the
log splitter is in either the horizontal or vertical position.
However, there are less obstructions when the unit is in
the vertical position.
StartingEngine
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Attach spark plug wire to spark plug. Make certain
the metal cap on the end of the spark plug wire is
fastened securely over metal tip of the spark plug.
Turn fuel valve, if equipped, to the ON position.
Move choke lever, if equipped, to CHOKE position.
If the engine is equipped with a primer, follow
instructions in the engine manual to prime it.
Turn the throttle control handle to the FAST
position.
Grasp starter handle and pull rope out slowly until
engine reaches start of compression cycle (rope
will pull slightly harder at this point).
Pull rope with a rapid, full arm stroke. Keep firm grip
on starter handle. Let rope rewind slowly. Repeat
until engine cranks.
After engine starts, move choke lever to OFF
position. Place throttle lever to the speed desired.
In cold weather, run wedge up or down beam 6 to 8
times to circulate the hydraulic fluid.
BeforeEachUse
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the dipstick and check hydraulic fluid level.
Refill if necessary.
Check engine oil level. Refill if necessary.
Fill up gasoline if necessary.
Lubricate with engine oil the beam area where
splitting wedge will slide. Do not use grease to
lubricate. Make sure to lubricate both the front and
the back of the beam face.
Attach spark plug wire to the spark plug.
Usingthe Log Splitter
•
•
•
•
•
•
Place the log splitter on level, dry ground.
Place the beam in either the horizontal or vertical
position and lock in place with the appropriate
locking rod.
Block the front and back of both wheels.
Place the log against the end plate and only split
wood in the direction of the grain.
To stabilize the log, place your hand only on sides
of log. Never place hand on the end between the
log and the splitting wedge.
Only one adult should stabilize the log and operate
the control handle, so the operator has full control
over the log and the splitting wedge.
ControlHandle
1.
Move control handle FORWARD or DOWN to split
wood.
2.
Release the control handle to stop the wedge
movement.
Move control handle BACK or UP to return the
3.
wedge.
LogDislodger
•
The log dislodger is designed to remove any
partially split wood from the wedge. This may occur
while splitting large diameter wood or freshly cut
wood.
_
wood from the wedge
WARNING:
Never remove
with yourpartially
hands. split
Fingers
may become trapped between split wood.
•
To remove partially split wood from wedge, move
control handle to REVERSE position until wedge is
fully retracted to allow split wood portion to contact
the log dislodger.
Once removed from wedge with log dislodger, split
wood from opposite end or in another location.
•
VerticalPosition
_
startingareas
a warm
theARNING:
muffler and When
surrounding
areengine,
hot and
can cause a burn. Do not touch.
•
Pull the horizontal beam lock out to release the
beam and pivot the beam to the vertical position.
•
•
Tolockthebeamintheverticalposition,pullouton
theverticalbeamlockandrotateit tosecurethe
beam.SeeFigure7.
Standinfrontoftheunittooperatethecontrol
handleandtostabilizethelog.SeeFigure8A.
8.
RaisingandLoweringBeam
•
Use control handle to run wedge up and down
beam 6 to 8 times to circulate the hydraulic fluid,
which will warm and thin the fluid.
•
•
Place log splitter on a firm, level surface.
To raise the beam for vertical operation: Pull out
the vertical beam lock on the tongue.
Pivot beam lock down to release the beam.
•
•
_ib
HorizontalPosition
•
Pull the vertical beam lock out and rotate it down.
See Figure 7. Pivot beam to the horizontal position.
The beam will lock automatically in horizontal
position.
Stand behind the reservoir tank to operate control
handle and to stabilize the log. See Figure 8B.
OperatingTips
Always:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Use clean fluid and check fluid level regularly.
Use Dexron III Automatic Transmission Fluid or
10W AW hydraulic fluid.
Use a filter (clean or replace regularly)
Use a breather cap on fluid reservoir.
Make sure pump is mounted and aligned properly.
Use a flexible"spider" type coupling between
engine and pump drive shafts.
Keep hoses clear and unblocked.
Bleed air out of hoses before operating.
Flush and clean hydraulic system before restarting
after servicing.
Use "pipe dope" on all hydraulic fittings.
Allow time for warm-up before splitting wood.
Prime the pump before initial start-up byturning
over the engine with spark plug disconnected.
Split wood along the grain (lengthwise) only.
Never:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Use when fluid is below 20 ° F or above 150 ° F.
Use a solid engine/pump coupling.
Operate through relief valve for long.
Attempt to adjust unloading or relief valve settings
without pressure gauges.
Operate with air in hydraulic system.
Use teflon tape on hydraulic fittings.
Attempt to cut wood across the grain.
Move the beam to the vertical position. Secure it
with the beam lock on the reservoir tank assembly.
ARNING:
use the log
splitter
in the
vertical
positionAlways
when splitting
heavy
logs.
To lower the beam: Pull out the horizontal beam
lock on the reservoir tank.
Pivot beam lock down to release the beam.
Carefully pull back on beam and lower it to the
horizontal position.The horizontal beam lock will
lock automatically. See Figure 7.
Figure 8
•
Attempt to remove partially split wood from the
wedge with your hands. Fully retract wedge to
dislodge wood with log dislodger.
Transporting
the Log Splitter
IMPORTANT:Always turn fuel valve to OFF position
before transporting the log splitter.
•
•
•
Lower the beam to its horizontal position. Make
certain the beam is locked securely with the
horizontal beam lock.
Remove spring clip and clevis pin from jack stand.
Support the tongue and pivot the jack stand up
against the tongue. See Figure 9.
Tongue
Clevis Pin _
Jack Stand
Figure 9
Secure with the spring clip and clevis pin previously
removed. See Figure 9.
Attach coupler hitch to a class I or higher 2" ball on
a towing vehicle; latch securely.
a, If coupler hitch does not fit on ball: Turn
adjustment nut one turn counter-clockwise.
b.
If coupler hitch is too loose on ball: Turn
adjustment nut one turn clockwise.
Connect the safety chains to the towing vehicle.
Plug in the tail lights, if so equipped, to the tail light
connector on the tow vehicle.
_
andARNING:
check local,Do
state,
not tow
andfaster
federal
than 45mph
requirements before towing on any public road.
NOTE:
Use caution
when backing
up. It
recommended to use a spotter outside the vehicle.
is
SECTION5: ADJUSTING
YOURLOGSPLITTER
NOTE: The gibs may be rotated and/or turned over for
even wear.
_
adjustments
ARNING: without
Do notfirst
at any
stopping
time make
engine,
any
disconnecting spark plug wire, and grounding it
against the engine. Always wear safety glasses
during operation or while performing any
adjustments or repairs.
•
•
•
•
WedgeAssemblyAdjustment
As normal wear occurs and there is excessive "play"
between the wedge and beam, adjust the bolts on the
side of the wedge assembly to eliminate excess space
between the wedge and the beam. See Figure 10.
•
•
Loosen the lock nuts under the each back plate and
slide the gibs out.
Turn or replace thegibs.
Reassemble the back plate and secure with the
lock washers and lock nuts.
Readjust the bolts on the side of the wedge
assembly.
Adjustment
Bolt
\\
\
Loosen the jam nuts on the two adjustment bolts on
the side of the wedge. Turn the adjustment bolts in
until snug and then back them off slowly until the
wedge assembly will slide on the beam.
Tighten the jam nuts securely against the side of
the wedge to hold the adjustment bolts in this
position.
\\
\
Gib Adjustment
Periodically remove and replace the "gibs" (spacers)
between the wedge assembly and the back plate.
See Figure 10.
Figure 10
SECTION6: MAINTAININGYOURLOGSPLITTER
_
_
repairing,
ARNING:
or inspecting,
Before cleaning,
disengage
lubricating,
the control
handle and stop engine. Disconnect the spark
plug wire and ground it against the engine to
prevent unintended starting. Always wear
safety glasses during operation or while
performing any adjustments or repairs.
4.
5.
6.
Conditionsthat will voidWarranty
1.
2.
3.
7.
8.
9.
theARNING:
hoses to burst,
Higher
cylinder
pressure
to rupture,
could cause
and
intense fluid to be released, which could result
in serious personal injury.
Use of incorrect hydraulic fluid
Allowing the flexible pump coupler to deteriorate
without proper and regular inspection
Lack of lubrication or improper lubrication of the
beam or unit
Improper adjustment of splitting wedge
Excessive heating of the hydraulic system
Attempting to start unit in temperatures under 20°F
without pre-heating fluid in reservoir
10. Unattended leaks in hydraulic system
Failure to maintain proper fluid level in reservoir
Changing the relief valve setting or pressure
adjustment of control valve without proper
knowledge and instruction from the factory
Disassembling the pump
10
•
HydraulicFluid
•
Check the hydraulic fluid level in the log splitter
reservoir tank before each use.
•
Maintain fluid level within the range specified on the
dipstick at all times.
Change the hydraulic fluid in the reservoir every
100 hours of operation.
Disconnect the suction hose from the bottom of the
reservoir tank and drain the fluid into a suitable
•
•
•
•
•
container. Refill using only Dexron III automatic
transmission fluid or 10W AW hydraulic fluid.
•
NOTE: Please dispose of used hydraulic fluid and
engine oil at approved recycling centers only.
•
Since contaminants in fluid may damage the
hydraulic components, you will have to drain the
fluid and flush the reservoir tank and hoses with
kerosene whenever any repair work is performed
on the tank, hydraulic pump or valve. For this job,
contact your nearest service dealer.
•
•
•
HydraulicFilter
•
Change the hydraulic filter every 50 hours of
operation. Use only a 10 micron hydraulic filter.
Order part number 723-0405.
•
•
BeamandSplittingWedge
•
•
Lubricate both sides of the beam (where it comes
into contact with the splitting wedge), before each
use, with engine oil. The wedge plate on the log
splitter is designed so the gibs on the side of the
wedge plate can be removed and rotated and/or
turned over for even wear.
portion of the coupling half. (There must be space
between end of the engine support bracket and
coupling half). Tighten set screw.
Install pump coupling half and key on pump shaft.
Rotate coupling half until set screw faces opening
in shield. Do not tighten set screw.
Install nylon "spider" onto engine coupling half.
Align pump coupling half with nylon "spider" by
rotating engine using starter handle. Slide coupling
half into place while guiding three mounting bolts
through holes in pump support bracket.
Secure with nuts and washers removed earlier.
Set.010" to.060" clearance between the nylon
"spider" and the engine coupling half by sliding a
matchbook cover between the nylon "spider" and
the engine coupling half and moving pump coupling
half as needed. Secure pump coupling half with set
screw. See Figure 11.
NOTE: Make certain proper clearance
before tightening set screw.
Gear Pump
Make certain to readjust the adjustment bolts so
wedge moves freely, but no excess space exists
between the wedge plate and the beam.
Set
I-- ---_
is obtained
i_! -_
Screw__
"_
Nylon
"Spider"-_............
__I[i
HoseClamps
•
Remove three nuts and lock washers that secure
the pump to the coupling shield. Two nuts are at the
bottom corners and one is in the top center.
Remove the pump.
Rotate the engine by slowly pulling starter handle
until engine coupling half set screw is visible.
Loosen set screw using allen wrench and slide
coupling half off engine shaft.
Loosen set screw on pump coupling half and
remove coupling half.
Slide new engine coupling half onto the engine
shaft until the end of the shaft is flush with the inner
Check, before each use, if hose clamps on the
suction hose (attached to the side of the pump) are
tight. Check the hose clamps on the return hose at
least once a season.
Insert
I_
_"o
l
Steel
Coupling
___Halves
Clearance _
_FF
_i_,___
Engine
Refer to the engine manual for all maintenance needs.
E ngi_n
e ................................
1F_
Figure 11
FlexiblePumpCoupler
Tires
The flexible pump coupler is a nylon "spider" insert,
located between the pump and the engine shaft. Over
time, the coupler will harden and deteriorate.
See sidewall of tire for recommended pressure.
Maximum tire pressure under any circumstances
p.s.i. Maintain equal pressure on all tires.
Replace the coupler if you detect vibration or noise
coming from the area between the engine and the
pump. If the coupler fails completely, you will
experience a loss of power.
_
IMPORTANT: Never hit the engine shaft in any manner,
as a blow will cause permanent damage to the engine.
11
is 30
p.s.i.) when seating
WARNING:
Excessive
beads pressure
may cause
(over
tire/rim
30
assembly to burst with force sufficient to cause
serious injury. Refer to sidewall of tire for
recommended pressure.
SECTION7: STORINGYOURLOGSPLITTER
Prepare your log splitter for storage at the end of the
season or if the log splitter will not be used for 30 days
or more.
_
•
•
•
in the fuel tank inside
WARNING:
Never of
store
building
machine
where
with
fumes
fuel
may reach an open flame or spark, or where
ignition sources are present such as hot water
and space heaters, furnaces, clothes dryers,
stoves, electric motors, etc.
•
•
•
•
Clean the log splitter thoroughly.
NOTE: We do not recommend the use of pressure
washers or garden hose to clean your unit. They may
cause damage to the log splitter components or the
engine. The use of water will result in shortened life and
reduce serviceability.
•
•
Drain fuel tank. Always drain fuel into approved
container outdoors, away from open flame. Be sure
that engine is cool before draining the fuel. Do not
smoke while handling fuel.
Start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty.
Remove spark plug. Holding a rag over the cylinder
hole, pour approximately 1/2 ounce (approximately
one tablespoon) of engine oil into cylinder and
crank slowly to distribute the oil.
Replace spark plug.
Do not store gasoline from one season to another.
Replace your gasoline can if it starts to rust. Rust
and/or dirt in the gasoline will cause problems.
Store unit in a clean, dry area. Do not store next to
corrosive materials, such as fertilizer.
NOTE: If storing in an unventilated or metal storage
shed, be certain to rustproof the equipment by coating
with a light off or silicone.
Wipe unit with an oiled rag to prevent rust,
especially on the wedge and the beam.
SECTION8: TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Engine fails to start
Cause
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
Connect wire to spark plug.
Fill tank with clean, fresh gasoline.
Move throttle lever to FAST position.
4.
Move choke to CHOKE position.
5.
Prime engine.
6.
6.
Clean fuel line.
7.
Faulty spark plug.
7.
Clean, adjust gap, or replace.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Connect and tighten spark plug wire.
Move choke lever to OFF position.
3.
Spark plug wire loose.
Unit running on CHOKE, if so
equipped.
Blocked fuel line or stale fuel.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Water or dirt in fuel system.
Dirty air cleaner.
Carburetor out of adjustment.
4.
5.
6.
Clean fuel line; fill tank with clean, fresh
gasoline
Drain fuel tank. Refill with fresh fuel.
Clean or replace air cleaner.
See authorized service dealer.
1.
2.
3.
Engine oil level low.
Dirty air cleaner.
Carburetor not adjusted properly.
1.
2.
3.
Fill crankcase with proper oil.
Clean or replace air cleaner.
See authorized service dealer.
5.
Engine overheats
Spark plug wire disconnected.
Fuel tank empty or stale fuel.
Throttle control handle not in correct
starting position.
Choke, if equipped, not in CHOKE
position.
Engine (if equipped with a primer)
not primed properly.
Blocked fuel line.
4.
Engine runs erratic
Remedy
NOTE: For repairs beyond those listed above, contact your nearest authorized service center.
12
HydraulicTroubleshooting
Problem
Cylinder rod will not move
Slow cylinder shaft speed
while extending and
retracting.
Cause
Remedy
1.
Broken drive shaft.
1.
See authorized service dealer.
2.
Shipping plugs left in hydraulic
hoses.
2.
3.
3.
4.
Set screws in coupling not adjusted
properly.
Loose shaft coupling.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Gear sections damaged.
Damaged relief valve.
Hydraulic lines blocked.
Incorrect oil level.
Damaged directional valve.
Blocked directional valve.
5.
6.
Disconnect hydraulic hoses, remove
shipping plugs, reconnect hoses.
See operator's manual for correct
adjustment.
Correct engine/pump alignment as
necessary.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
7.
8.
9.
Flush and clean hydraulic system.
Check oil level.
See authorized service dealer.
1.
2.
Gear sections damaged.
Excessive pump inlet vacuum.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
1.
Slow engine speed.
Damaged relief valve.
Incorrect oil level.
Contaminated oil.
Directional valve leaking internally.
Internally damaged cylinder.
Broken seals.
2.
4.
10. Flush and clean hydraulic system.
1. See authorized service dealer.
3.
4.
5.
Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear
and unblocked-use short, large
diameter inlet hoses.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
Check oil level.
6.
7.
8.
Drain oil, clean reservoir, and refill.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
Scored cylinder.
1.
2.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
1.
2.
3.
Small gear section damaged.
Pump check valve leaking.
Excessive pump inlet vacuum.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Incorrect oil level.
Contaminated oil.
6.
7.
Directional valve leaking internally.
Overloaded cylinder.
4.
5.
6.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
Make certain pump inlet hoses are clear
and unblocked.
Check oil level.
Drain oil, clean reservoir, and refill.
See authorized service dealer.
8.
Internally damaged cylinder.
8.
Do not attempt to split wood against the
grain.
See authorized service dealer.
Engine stalls during
splitting
1.
2.
Low horsepower/weak
Overloaded cylinder.
1.
See authorized service dealer.
2.
Do not attempt to split wood against the
grain or see authorized service dealer.
Engine will not turn or
stalls under low load
conditions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine/pump misalignment.
Frozen or seized pump.
Low horsepower/weak engine.
Hydraulic lines blocked.
Blocked directional valve.
Leaking pump shaft seal
1.
Broken drive shaft.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
Correct alignment as necessary.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
Flush and clean hydraulic system.
Flush and clean hydraulic system.
See authorized service dealer.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine/pump misalignment.
Gear sections damaged.
Poorly positioned shaft seal.
Plugged oil breather.
2.
3.
4.
Correct alignment as necessary.
See authorized service dealer.
See authorized service dealer.
5.
Make certain reservoir is properly
vented.
Leaking cylinder
Engine runs but wood will
not split or wood splits too
slowly
engine.
2.
7.
NOTE: For repairs beyond those listed here, contact your nearest authorized service center.
13
SECTION9: PARTSLISTFORMODEL570
1\
16
29
26
28
\
16 13
31
18
/
C
65
A
I
70
45
74
68
\\\\
75
\
\\\
77
\
72
\
For Taillight.
Ground Wire
78
48..
82\
\
81 \
79 _
t If equipped
14
Model570
Ref.
No.
Part No.
Ref.
No.
Part Description
Part No.
Part Description
1.
2.
718-0769
727-0634
Hydraulic Cylinder
44.
45.
781-0686
681-0161
Log Tray Bracket
Hydraulic Tube
3.
710-1018
Hex Cap Screw 1/2-20 x 2.75
46.
726-0214
Push Cap
4.
737-0192
732-0583
5.
781-0526t
90 Degree Solid Adapter
Hose Guard
47.
48.
710-0521
Compression Spring
Hex Bolt 3/8-16 x 3"
6.
737-0153
Return Elbow
49.
781-0690
Lock Rod
7.
718-0481
Control Valve
50.
737-0348A
8.
9.
781-0538t
710-1806
Hose Guard
Hex Cap Screw 1/2-13 x 3.25
51.
52.
710-1338
710-0654A
Vented Dipstick
Hex Screw 5/16-24 x 3.25
Hex Washer Screw 3/8-16 x 1.0
10.
719-0550
Wedge Assembly
53.
634-0186
11.
737-0238
54.
712-0359
Wheel Assembly
Slotted Nut 3/4-16
12.
712-0239
Nipple Pipe 1/2-14
Lock Nut 1/2-20
55.
714-0162
Cotter Pin
734-0873
HubCap
Frame Assembly
13.
712-0711
Hex Jam Nut 3/8-24
56.
14.
710-0459A
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-24 x 1.5
57.
719-0353
Coupling Shield
15.
16.
781-0351
710-1260A
Adjustable Gib
Hex Washer Screw 5/16-18 x.75
58.
59.
714-0122
718-0686
Square Key 3/16" x.75
17.
781-1054
Cylinder Support Bracket
60.
712-3057
18.
681-0162
736-0119
736-0300
Beam Assembly
Flat Washer.406 ID x.875 OD
61.
19.
62.
781-0097
20.
710-0874
Hex Washer Screw, 5/16-18 x 1.25
63.
727-0633
Rear Coupling Support Bracket
Hose
21.
781-1048
718-0683
Gear Pump (1 lgpm)
781-0790
736-0921
Dislodger
Back Plate
Lock Washer 1/2
64.
22.
23.
65.
66.
737-0329
727-0502
45 Degree Elbow
24.
737-0312
Adapter 3/4-14
67.
781-0788
25.
727-0443
Return Hose 3/4" ID x 44" Lg.
68.
747-1261
Tongue Tube Assembly
Latch Rod
26.
726-0132
Hose Clamp 5/8"
69.
781-1045
Latch
27.
737-0316
Filter Housing
70.
715-0120
Spiral Pin
28.
731-2499
71.
732-3127
29.
30.
710-1238
712-3010
Steel Fender (MTD Red)
Hex Washer Screw 5/16-18 x.875
Hex Nut 5/16-18
72.
74.
736-0169
710-0944
Spring Compression
L-Washer 3/8"
31.
736-0119
Lock Washer 5/16
75.
736-0262
Hex Cap Screw 3/8-16 x 4.25
Flat Washer.385 ID x.870 OD
32.
781-1024
76.
713-0433
Chain
77.
750-0497
Spacer.375 ID x.625 OD
Hitch Coupling
Flexible Coupling
Hex Nut, 5/16-24
Lock Washer 5/16" ID
High Pressure Hydraulic Hose
33.
723-0405
Fender Mounting Bracket
Oil Filter
34.
710-3038
Hex Cap Screw, 5/16-18 x.875
78.
681-04030
35.
681-0164
Light Bracket Assembly - LH
79.
712-0375
Hex Lock Nut 3/8-16
36.
625-0062
711-0813
Clevis Pin
37.
38.
711-1587
736-0116
Taillight
Clevis Pin
Flat Washer.635 ID x.93 OD
80.
81.
82.
736-0185
732-0194
39.
714-0470
Cotter Pin
83.
781-0789
Spring Pin
Jack Stand
40.
781-1027
Light Bracket - RH
84.
736-0351
Flat Washer.760 ID x.500 OD
85.
736-0371
Flat Washer
86.
712-3022
Hex Lock Nut, 1/2-13
87.
712-3008
Jam Nut, 3/8-16
41.
710-3097
42.
712-3017
Carriage Bolt 3/8-16 x 1.0
Hex Nut, 3/8-16
43.
781-0682
Log Tray
tlfequipped
15
Flat Washer.375 ID x.738 OD
MANUFACTURER'S
LIMITED WARRANTY
FOR:
®
The limited warranty set forth below is given by Troy-Bilt LLC
with respect to new merchandise purchased and used in the
United States, its possessions and territories.
"Troy-Bilt" warrants this product against defects in material
and workmanship for a period of two (2) years commencing
on the date of original purchase and will, at its option, repair or
replace, free of charge, any part found to be defective in
materials or workmanship. This limited warranty shall only
apply if this product has been operated and maintained in
accordance with the Operator's Manual furnished with the
product, and has not been subject to misuse, abuse,
commercial use, neglect, accident, improper maintenance,
alteration, vandalism, theft, fire, water, or damage because of
other peril or natural disaster. Damage resulting from the
installation or use of any part, accessory or attachment not
approved by Troy-Bilt for use with the product(s) covered by
this manual will void your warranty as to any resulting
damage.
Normal wear parts are warranted to be free from defects in
material and workmanship for a period of thirty (30) days from
the date of purchase. Normal wear parts include, but are not
limited to items such as: batteries, belts, blades, blade
adapters, grass bags, rider deck wheels, seats, snow thrower
skid shoes, shave plates, auger spiral rubber and tires.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE: Warranty service is available,
WITH PROOF OF PURCHASE, through your local authorized
service dealer. To locate the dealer in your area, check your
Yellow Pages, or contact Troy-Bilt LLC at P.O. Box 361131,
Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0019, or call 1-800-520-5520 or 1330-558-7220, or log on to our Web site at www.troybilt.com.
This limited warranty does not provide coverage in the
following cases:
a.
b.
c.
d.
The engine or component parts thereof. These items
may carry a separate manufacturer's warranty. Refer
to applicable manufacturer's warranty for terms and
conditions.
Log splitter pumps, valves, and cylinders have a
separate one year warranty.
Routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters,
blade sharpening, tune-ups, brake adjustments, clutch
adjustments, deck adjustments, and normal
deterioration of the exterior finish due to use or
exposure.
Service completed by someone other than an
authorized service dealer.
e.
f.
g.
Troy-Bilt does not extend any warranty for products
sold or exported outside of the United States, its
possessions and territories, except those sold through
Troy-Bilt's authorized channels of export distribution.
Replacement parts that are not genuine Troy-Bilt parts.
Transportation charges and service calls.
No implied warranty, including any implied warranty of
merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose,
applies after the applicable period of express written
warranty above as to the parts as identified. No other
express warranty, whether written or oral, except as
mentioned above, given by any person or entity,
including a dealer or retailer, with respect to any product,
shall bind Troy-Bilt. During the period of the warranty, the
exclusive remedy is repair or replacement of the product
as set forth above.
The provisions as set forth in this warranty provide the
sole and exclusive remedy arising from the sale. Troy-Bilt
shall not be liable for incidental or consequential loss or
damage including, without limitation, expenses incurred
for substitute or replacement lawn care services or for
rental expenses to temporarily replace a warranted
product.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions or
limitations may not apply to you.
In no event shall recovery of any kind be greater than the
amount of the purchase price of the product sold. Alteration
of safety features of the product shall void this warranty.
You assume the risk and liability for loss, damage, or injury to
you and your property and/or to others and their property
arising out of the misuse or inability to use the product.
This limited warranty shall not extend to anyone other than
the original purchaser or to the person for whom it was
purchased as a gift.
HOW STATE LAW RELATES TO THIS WARRANTY: This
limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
IMPORTANT: Owner must present Original
Purchase to obtain warranty coverage.
Proof of
Troy-Bilt LLC, P.O.BOX361131CLEVELAND,OHIO44136-0019; Phone:1-800-520-5520,1-330-558-7220