One-Stop Intel® TXT Activation Guide

One-Stop Intel TXT Activation Guide
DELL* PowerEdge 12G Server Systems
Intel® Trusted Execution Technology (Intel ® TXT) for Intel® Xeon processor-based servers
is commonly used to enhance platform security by utilizing the underlying hardware based
technology found in modern server platforms. Using a combination of the Intel Xeon
processor-based and other industry leading platform technologies, such as Intel ®
Virtualization Technology (Intel VT), Trusted Platform Module (TPM), and appropriately
configured BIOS with the Intel ® SINIT ACM (authenticated code module); Intel TXT provides
security against hypervisor, BIOS, firmware and other pre -launch software based attacks
by establishing a ‘root of trust’ during the boot process. Enabling Intel TXT to protect your
systems is a simple process and this will be showcased in this document.
TXT Activation Guide
Table of Contents
Assumptions & Guidance ....................................................................................................................................... 3
DELL PowerEdge Servers - R720, R620 & M620 ...................................................................................... 5
Platform Expectations ......................................................................................................................................... 5
Out of the Box Configuration .......................................................................................................................... 5
TPM Clear and Reactivate Intel TXT/TPM ................................................................................................ 8
Scaling Activation of Intel TXT/TPM across Multiple Systems .......................................................... 9
Bare Metal Provisioning of Intel TXT........................................................................................................ 10
Intel TXT Scale Provisioning for DELL PowerEdge 12G Servers .............................................. 11
Dell OpenManage DTK RPM Installation .......................................................................................... 11
How to check the Intel TXT/TPM status ..................................................................................................... 12
Linux Distributions ............................................................................................................................................. 12
VMware ESXi 5.x .................................................................................................................................................. 14
Troubleshooting Guide .................................................................................................................................... 15
© Intel Corporation 2014
Assumptions & Guidance
 This document is intended to provide guidance for activating the TPM/Intel TXT in BIOS/uEFI
console.

As available, this document is intended to provide guidance for scale activation of TPM/Intel
TXT.

This document requires fundamental systems engineering knowledge and is intended for
Systems Engineers and Systems Administrators.

This document covers step by step instructions for DELL* PowerEdge* 12G server platforms
based on the Intel Xeon processor E5-2600 V2 family, which is not fully conclusive of the
product offerings available in the market today, but is provided to give a holistic review of many
DELL server platforms.

Microsoft Windows Server software does not support trusted-boot scenarios that are
supported by Intel TXT; use cases are based around Linux based server platforms which also
includes VMWare ESXi and variations of Openstack cloud-server software.

Trusted Boot (tboot) is an open source, pre- kernel/VMM module that uses Intel Trusted
Execution Technology (Intel TXT) to perform a measured and verified launch of an OS
kernel/VMM. Project details: http://sourceforge.net/projects/tboot/
Intel, the Intel logo, and Xeon, are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other
countries. *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. All information
provided here is subject to change without notice. Contact your Intel representative to obtain
the latest Intel product specifications and roadmaps. Statements in this document that refer to
Intel’s plans and expectations for the quarter, the year, and the future, are forward-looking
statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. A detailed discussion of the factors
that could affect Intel’s results and plans is included in Intel’s SEC filings, including the annual
report on Form 10-K. Any forecasts of goods and services needed for Intel’s operations are
provided for discussion purposes only. Intel will have no liability to make any purchase in
connection with forecasts published in this document. Copies of documents which have an
order number and are referenced in this document may be obtained by calling 1-800-5484725 or visit www.intel.com/design/literature.htm.
© Intel Corporation 2014
© 2014 Intel Corporation
© Intel Corporation 2014
DELL PowerEdge Servers - R720, R620 & M620
Note: Each of these three DELL Server Platforms have very similar BIOS and configuration. There may
be some slight differences between each model, but in general the operations that are shown for the
R720 will work on the R620 and M620 (blade) models as well.
Platform Expectations
 DELL ships the server with both BIOS and uEFI mode
 DELL ships SINIT ACM as part of BIOS/uEFI
 Intel TXT launch was successful both in uEFI and BIOS mode.
 VMware ESXi supports Intel TXT launch in BIOS mode[legacy] only (not uEFI)
Out of the Box Configuration
1. Press F2 to enter in to BIOS console
© Intel Corporation 2014
2. "Ensure to verify VT is enabled Click on ""BIOS Settings"" > Processor Settings "
3. "Setup BIOS password: System BIOS Settings > System Security > Setup Password
© Intel Corporation 2014
4. System BIOS Settings > System Security > Password Status > Locked System BIOS Settings >
System Security > On with Pre-boot Measurement System
5. BIOS Settings > System Security > TPM Activation > Activate System BIOS Settings > System
Security > Intel TXT > On
6. Press "Esc" key and click on "yes" to save the changes.
7.
System BIOS Settings > Boot Settings > Boot Mode > BIOS
© Intel Corporation 2014
8. Esc > save settings > boot the server to BIOS mode if user wants to boot to VMware ESXi.
TPM Clear and Reactivate Intel TXT/TPM
TPM clear can be done either in BIOS/uEFI console or from OS using Trousers DLL. One of the
requirements for TPM clear is to transfer the TPM ownership. TPM clear action will deactivate the TPM.
A reboot is required to activate the TPM/Intel TXT again in the server
Below are the steps to clear the TPM in BIOS/uEFI console.
1. Press F2 to enter in to BIOS console [it will prompt for BIOS password entry]
2. BIOS Settings > System Security > TPM Activation > Activate System BIOS Settings > System
Security > TPM clear > On
3. Press "Esc" key and click on "yes" to save the changes.
4. Press F2 to enter in to BIOS console
5. "Ensure to verify VT is enabled Click on "BIOS Settings" > Processor Settings”
© Intel Corporation 2014
6. System BIOS Settings > System Security > Password Status > Locked
7. System BIOS Settings > System Security > On with Pre-boot Measurements
8. BIOS Settings > System Security > TPM Activation > Activate System BIOS Settings > System
Security > Intel TXT > On"
9. Press "Esc" key and click on "yes" to save the changes.
10. System BIOS Settings > Boot Settings > Boot Mode > BIOS
11. Esc > save settings > boot the server
Scaling Activation of Intel TXT/TPM across Multiple Systems
Enabling Intel TXT/TPM on one system is great for testing and validating your platform. In real-world
scenarios in the datacenter, customers generally have multiple systems that need enabling at the same
time during setup and configuration. Fortunately many OEMs provide tools that lend themselves to
assist the server administrator to perform this function.
Enabling Intel TXT across multiple systems allows for more use cases beyond the root-of-trust
establishment on a single platform. Models such as Trusted Compute Pools can be developed where
systems with Intel TXT can be placed on a ‘whitelist’ for access. This allows system administrators to
place their highest security workloads on trusted platforms and reduce the threat to bare-metal attacks.
© Intel Corporation 2014
In order for Intel TXT to function properly the following dependencies need to be established:
 Intel Xeon processor-based server platform with Intel TXT enabled BIOS


Intel Virtualization Technology (Intel VT) must be enabled
Intel Virtualization Technology with Directed I/O (Intel VT-d) must be enabled


A Trusted Platform Module (TPM) v1.2 must be enabled and activated
The platform specific Intel SINIT ACM needs to be installed into the platform

Finally, you need a hypervisor that supports trusted boot (t-boot)
Bare Metal Provisioning of Intel TXT
The process to take a bare-metal system with unknown settings to a fully functional Intel TXT enabled
platform can take a few minutes per system. The process can be run in-band from the OS, or out-ofband (OOB) via PXE or other remote process. The schematic below shows the high-level process of how
a system is updated.
1. The Server PXE boots and installs the OS as well as the OEM deployment tool.
2. The setup and configuration script issues the command that reads the current BIOS setting of
the server.
3. The setup and configuration script modifies the TPM/Intel TXT and other inter-related settings
to the desired states as prescribed by the administrator.
4. The setup and configuration script issues command that writes and updates the BIOS setting
then reboots the server.
5. After several reboots (OEM specific), the TPM/Intel TXT setting will take effect.
6. At this point, the server is automatically configured for TPM/Intel TXT support without
accessing the BIOS manually.
© Intel Corporation 2014
Intel TXT Scale Provisioning for DELL PowerEdge 12G Servers
The Dell OpenManage Deployment Toolkit (DTK) is a bare metal automation toolkit that allows you to
collect BIOS settings, then script the BIOS changes needed to enable the Intel TXT components.
The DELL OpenManage DTK provides these benefits:
 Provides the tools necessary to automate the pre-operating system configuration tasks and the
unattended operating system installation tasks when deploying PowerEdge systems.


Scales to support from one to many system deployment efforts.
Facilitates consistent system configurations across multiple systems.

Provides diverse and useful deployment tools that can be utilized in many different ways.
Dell OpenManage DTK RPM Installation
If you have already downloaded the OpenManage DTK, here is a quick RPM installation – some content
may be different depending on versions that you have downloaded:
Authenticate to the DELL iDRAC
 Enter username and password


Open a terminal
Mount the DTK through virtual media or DVD


Navigate to directory in the media
Change directory to RPMs and find the appropriate OS (example cd /RPMs/rhel6/x86_64/)

Install the dependent libsmbios RPM
o rpm -ivh libsmbios-2.2.27-4.9.1.el6x86_64.rpm

Install the dependent smbios RPM
o rpm -ivh smbio-utils-bin *******.rpm

Install all the dependent RPMs using srvadmin*
o rpm -ivh srvadmin*

Install syscfg RPM for BIOS
o rpm -ivh syscfg*********.rpm
Install dtk scripts RPM
o rpm -ivh dtk-scripts******.rpm
Start all the srvadmin services
o /opt/dell/srvadmin/sbin/srvadmin-services.sh start
Export all the PATHs (they’re included them in the script below)




Test out run any syscfg command
o syscfg -o test.ini

Use an editor (vi or nano) to modify if needed
© Intel Corporation 2014
Here is an example of the configuration script that can be run on the DELL PowerEdge 12G platforms
that will scan the BIOS, and change the appropriate settings that will set Intel TXT to be activated and
ready for your hypervisor installation.
#!/bin/sh
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/dell/toolkit/bin/
export LD_Library_PATH=/opt/dell/toolkit/bin/
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/dell/srvadmin/sbin/
./syscap.sh sample.ini
cat sample.ini | sed -e
“s/ProcVirtualization=disable/ProcVirtualization=enable/;s/TpmSecurity=off/TpmSecurity=onpbm/;s/TpmActivation=nochange/TpmActi
vation=activate/;s/IntelTxt=off/IntelTxt=on/;s/;TpmActivation/TpmActivation/;s/;IntelTxt/IntelTxt/" > sample1.ini
./sysrep.sh sample1.ini
init 6
Note: setup passwords and system passwords cannot be cleared using the DTK on DELL systems prior
to 12G systems.
How to check the Intel TXT/TPM status
Linux Distributions
Assumption:
 Users have successfully activated Intel TXT in BIOS and OS by following the respective guides.
 To Activate the Intel TXT in Linux OS users are requested to follow the Intel TXT OS Setup
Guide.
 TPM Status Can be read from linux OS through TPM Device Driver in Dom0.
 Issue below command to find the status of the TPM
$ cat /sys/class/misc/tpm0/device/enabled
# If it returns 0 then it is not enabled; if it returns 1 then it is enabled.
$ cat /sys/class/misc/tpm0/device/active
# If it returns o then it is not active; if it is returns 1 then it is active.
$ cat /sys/class/misc/tpm0/device/owned
# If it returns o then it is not owned; if it is returns 1 then it is owned.
$ cat /sys/class/misc/tpm0/device/pcrs
# Returns the PCR measurement values.
© Intel Corporation 2014
“Txt-stat” Tool:
 txt-stat is the Intel TXT status tool that is part of Tboot kernel to get the status of
Intel TXT measurement.txt-stat tool collects the information from RAM and
displays.
 Users can use this tool to check if the Intel TXT launch/boot was successful or not.
 Ensure to run the tcsd daemon before running this tool.
$ tcsd
$ txt-stat | more
© Intel Corporation 2014
VMware ESXi 5.x
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Install ESXi on the Intel TXT/TPM activated host and add to the vCenter.
Connect to the vCenter through IE browser http://<vCenter IP Address>/mob
Click on the “add exceptions” in the next screen
Enter the credentials of the vCenter to connect to ESXi hosts.
Click on “Content”
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
In the following screen, search for “Rootfolder” and click on the value “group-d1”
In the following screen, search for “Childentity” and click on the value “Datacenter-2”
In the following screen, search for “Hostfolder” and click on the value “group-h4”
In the following screen, search for “Childentity” and click on the value “Domain-C7”
In the following screen, search for “Host” and click on the value “host <ip address>”
In next screen drag down to Methods table and click on “QueryTpmAttestationReport”
A separate window will open up - Click on “Invoke method”
In the Next screen user can see the Platform Configuration Register (PCR) values populated.
Note:


If ESXi host is not Intel TXT provisioned then you will not see any PCR values in step 13.
If users are sure that TPM is provisioned correctly but TPM value is unset in v-center then as a
work around, disconnects the host and reconnects the host if the TPM value is unset.
© Intel Corporation 2014
Troubleshooting Guide
1. How to determine if Intel TXT successfully launched?
In Linux Distributions:
Use txt-stat tool to check if the Intel TXT launch is successful.
In VMware ESXi:
You can verify if TPM is enabled on your ESXi hosts with the following command:
esxcli hardware trustedboot get
If users see TPM value is unset though it is provisioned correctly, as a work around disconnect
and reconnect the host in vCenter will usually resolve the issue.
2. How to validate the TPM:
There is tool called tpm-tools which is shipped with all Linux OS. This tools implements the TSS
API and talks directly to the TPM
$ tpm_selftest will show the current state of TPM
$ tpm_version will show the tpm version
© Intel Corporation 2014