Sierra Video 1602 User`s manual

SIERRA VIDEO
1602 Series HD/SDI Shasta HD Scanning Routing Switchers
Models: 1602 HD, 1602 HDS, 1602 HDEE, 1602 HDE
User’s Manual
1602 SERIES HD SHASTA HD ROUTING SWITCHERS
User’s Manual
 Sierra Video
P.O. Box 2462 Grass Valley, CA 95945
Tel: (530) 478-1000
Fax: (530) 478-1105
Email: info@sierravideo.com
Version 3.0
Publication Date: February 2012
The information contained in this manual is subject to change by Sierra Video
Table of
Contents
Introduction
1 Before You Begin
1 Regulatory Warnings & Safety Information
2 FCC Notice
3 Warning
3 Power Supply Cords
4 North American Power Supply Cords
4 International Power Supply Cords
4 EMC Regulatory Notices
4 Delivery Damage Inspection
4 1602 Series HD/SDI Shasta HD Scanning Router
Overview
5 Introduction
5 Video Standards
5 Model Suffix Designations
6 Model 1602HDS
7 Factors Affecting Quality of Results
8 Installation
Introduction
Rack Mounting
Dimensions
Connecting To Video Devices
Input Equalization
Reclocking
Connecting To Audio Devices
Balanced/Unbalanced Audio Connections
AES/EBU Audio
Audio Follow Video and Breakaway Audio
Configurations
Connecting Peripherals
Sync Connector
AC Power Connections
Control Processor Dip Switch Settings
Ethernet Setup
Ethernet Control
9 9 9 9 10 10
10
11 11
11
12
12 12
12
13
14
16
Operation
Introduction
Local Control Panel Operation
Scan Mode
Status
Panel Lock
Control via Ethernet
Host Mode
Terminal Mode
17 17 17 18
19
19
20
20
20 Communication Protocol
Introduction
Generic Protocol
Commonly Used Switching Commands
21 21 22 41 Troubleshooting
Introduction
Power and Indicators
Video Signal
Audio Signal
Control
Switching Malfunctions
Technical Support
43 43 43 44 45 45 46 46 Specifications
Audio Specifications
Video Specifications
47 47 48 Warranty
49 Contents - 1
SIERRA VIDEO
1
Chapter
Introduction
Before You Begin
There are several terms and acronyms that you should become familiar with before reading this
manual. They are shown below.
Term/Acronym
Definition
Crosspoint
The electronic switch that assigns one of the inputs on the
matrix crosspoint modules to an output.
The output of a routing switcher connected to a device that
receives signals from the output of the switcher.
Connects the signal to the destination device.
The signal that is connected to the input of the routing
switcher.
Connected to the source that provides the signal to the
switcher.
The crosspoint array of the switcher module that selects
which input is selected to an output.
The command structure used on a serial bus to affect a
switch or multiple switches on the routing switcher.
Consists of one or more crosspoint modules that switch
together, or sometimes independently, to connect the
desired signals through the switcher.
The 9-pin RS232 connector that allow you to control the
switcher using a standard personal computer or other
external device. Sends control protocol commands in
ASCII.
Destination
Output
Source
Input
Matrix
Protocol
Routing Switcher
Serial Port
1
SIERRA VIDEO
Regulatory Warnings & Safety Information
The information in the following section provides important warnings and safety guidelines for
both the operator and service personnel. Specific warnings and cautions may be found
throughout this manual. Please read and follow the important safety precautions noting especially
those instructions relating to risk of fire, electrical shock and injury to persons.
Any instructions in this manual that require opening the equipment cover or enclosure are
intended for use by qualified service personnel only. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, do not
perform any servicing other than what is contained in the operating instructions unless you are
qualified.
Warnings

Heed all warnings on the unit and in the operating instructions.

Disconnect AC power before installing or removing device or servicing unit.

Do not use this product in or near water.

This product is grounded through the grounding conductor of the power cord. To
avoid electrical shock, plug the power cord into a properly wired receptacle before
connecting inputs or outputs.

Route power cords and other cables so that they are not likely to be damaged, or
create a hazard.

Dangerous voltages exist at several points in this product. To avoid personal injury,
do not touch unsafe connections and components when the power is on.

To avoid fire hazard, use only the specified type, correct voltage, and current rating
of fuse. Always refer fuse replacement to qualified service personnel.

Have qualified personnel perform safety checks after any completed service.

To reduce risk of electrical shock, be certain to plug each power supply cord into a
separate branch circuit employing a separate service ground.

If equipped with redundant power, this unit has two power cords. To reduce the risk
of electrical shock, disconnect both power cords before servicing.

Operate only with covers and enclosure panels in place – Do Not operate this
product when covers or enclosure panels are removed.

This is an FCC class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause
radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take necessary
measures.

Use the proper AC voltage to supply power to the switcher. When installing
equipment, do not attach the power cord to building surfaces.

To prevent damage to equipment when replacing fuses, locate and correct trouble
that caused the fuse to blow before applying power.
Cautions
2
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Cautions (continued)

Use only the recommended interconnect cables to connect the switcher to other
frames.

Follow static precautions at all times when handling the equipment.

Power this product only as described in the installation section of this manual.

Leave the side, top, and bottom of the frame clear for air convection cooling and to
allow room for cabling. Slot and openings in the frame are provided for ventilation
and should not be blocked.

Only an authorized Sierra Video technician should service the switchers. Any user
who makes changes or modifications to the unit without the expressed approval of
Sierra Video will void the warranty.

If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating ambient
temperature of the rack environment may be greater than the room ambient
temperature. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment in
an environment compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient
temperature (TMRA).

Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of air flow
required for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised.

Use a shielded data cable connection between the parallel data ports and peripherals
of this equipment.

Other connections between peripherals of this equipment may be made with low
voltage non-shielded computer data cables.

Network connections may consist of non-shielded CAT 5 cable.

Do not cover chassis ventilation slots or block enclosure openings.
FCC Notice
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment
in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at the expense of the user.
The user may find the following publication prepared by the Federal Communications Commission
helpful:
“How to Identify and Resolve Radio-TV Interference Problems” (Stock number 004-00000345-4).
Available exclusively from the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (telephone 202 512-1800).
Warning
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
3
SIERRA VIDEO
Power Supply Cords
Use only power cord(s) supplied with the unit.
If power cord(s) were not supplied with the unit, select as follows:

For units installed in the USA and Canada: select a flexible, three-conductor power cord
that is UL listed and CSA certified, with individual conductor wire size of #18 AWG, and a
maximum length of 4.5 meters. The power cord terminations should be NEMA Type 515P (three-prong earthing) at one end and IEC appliance inlet coupler at the other end.
Any of the following types of power cords are acceptable; SV, SVE, SVO, SVT, SVTO,
SVTOO, S, SE, SO, SOO, ST, STO, STOO, SJ, SJE, SJO, SJOO, SJT, SJTOO, SP-3,
G, W.

For units installed in all other countries; select only a flexible, three-conductor power
cord, approved by the cognizant safety organization of your country. The power cord
must be Type HAR (Harmonized), with individual conductor wire size of 0.75 mm². The
power cord terminations should be a suitably rated earthing-type plug at one end and IEC
appliance inlet coupler at the other end. Both of the power cord terminations must carry
the certification label (mark) of the cognizant safety organization of your country.

A non-shielded power cord may be used to connect AC power to every component and
peripheral of the system.

Connect an external 16 AWG wire from earth ground to the chassis of the system as
designated by the earth ground symbol.
North American Power Supply Cords
This equipment is supplied with North American power cords with molded grounded plug (NEMA15P) at one end and molded grounding connector (IEC 320-C13) at the other end. Conductors
are CEE color coded, light blue(neutral), brown(line), and green/yellow(ground). Operation of the
equipment at voltages exceeding 130VAC will require power supply cords that comply with NEMA
configurations.
International Power Supply Cords
If shipped outside North America, this equipment is supplied with molded ground connector (IEC
320-C13) at one end and stripped connectors (50/5mm) at the other end. Connections are CEE
color coded, light blue (neutral), brown(line), and green/yellow(ground). Other IEC 320-C13 type
power cords can be used if they comply with safety regulations of the country in which they are
installed.
EMC Regulatory Notices
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Part 15 Information: This device complies with Part
15 of the FCC standard rules. Operation is subject to the following conditions:
This device may not cause harmful interference
This device must accept any interference received including interference that may cause
undesirable operations.
Delivery Damage Inspection
Carefully inspect the frame and exterior components to be sure that there has been no shipping
damage. Make sure all modules are seated correctly and have not detached during shipment.
4
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
1602 Series HD/SDI Shasta HD Scanning Router
Overview
Introduction
The Sierra Video 1602 Series HD/SDI Shasta HD router is designed for forward-looking
broadcast and post-production facilities that want to prepare for transition to HD. The 1602 Series
HD routers are compact units offering digital video boards that work with both HD video (SMPTE
292) at 1.485 Gbps and SDI video (SMPTE 259) at data rates from 19Mbps to 360Mbps. These
unique routers can also route DVB-ASI signals.
The 1602 Series HD/SDI routers also offer as an option stereo analog audio or AES/EBU digital
audio. The 1602 series accommodates balanced or un-balanced audio.
The 1602 HD/SDI series also come with a standard front local control panel. Remote control is
also available using an RS-232/422 serial interface or an Ethernet port. An extensive line of
existing RS-485 XY, single-bus, and programmable remote control panels are also available.
This manual covers the 1602 Series of HD/SDI routing switchers. These robust routers offer
Video and Audio in the same, compact frame. The HD/SDI series system accommodates, AFV
(audio follow video), or breakaway (split) routing.
Video Standards
The Series 1602 HD/SDI will pass any serial digital video bit stream within the specified bit rates
of 19Mbps to 1.485Gbps including the standards listed below;
HD Video Standards
Including
1080/59.94i or 1035/59.94i
1080/29.97p
720/59.94p
1080/50i
1080/25p
1080/59.94i or 1035/59.94i
1080/60i or 1035/60i
1080/30p
720/60p
720/60p
1080/24p
5
SIERRA VIDEO
Model Suffix Designations
Model Suffix Designations
6
HD
1602
S
HD or SDI Digital Video
Matrix size
Stereo audio
R
Redundant Power Supplies
E
Unbalanced AES audio
EE
Balanced AES audio
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Model 1602HDS
Frame Front Panel
Frame Back Panel
Note
The models shown here and in the subsequent
sections are fully populated matrices. In some
cases, these frames may be configured with more
or fewer video channels and/or analog or digital
audio. These models also offer redundant power
supplies. Consult the rear panel serial number
and model number to verify your order and
product.
The system you receive is customized for the size
& type requested at time of purchase from
Sierra Video
7
SIERRA VIDEO
Factors Affecting Quality of Results
There are many factors affecting the quality of results when signals are transmitted from a source to a
destination.

Signal cables — Use only the best quality cables to avoid interference and
degraded signal quality and elevated noise levels.

Sockets and connectors of the sources and destinations — Use only the highest
quality, since "zero ohm" connection resistance is the target. Connectors should
also match the required impedance (75 ohm in video) to minimize return loss.

Amplifying circuitry — Must have quality performance when the desired end
result is high linearity, low distortion, and low noise.

Distance between sources and destinations — Plays a major role in the final
result. For long distances (over 15 meters) between sources and destinations,
special measures should be taken to avoid high frequency cable losses. These
measures include using higher quality cables and/or adding line cable equalizing
amplifiers.

Interference from neighboring electrical appliances — These can have an
adverse affect on signal quality. Balanced audio lines are less prone to
interference, but unbalanced audio should be installed away from any main
power lines, electric motors, transmitters, etc. even when the cables are shielded.
CAUTION!
Only an authorized Sierra Video technician can service the switchers. Any user who makes
changes or modifications to the unit without the expressed approval of the manufacturer will void
the warranty
Use the proper AC voltage to supply power to the switcher.
Use only the recommended interconnect cables to connect the switcher to other frames.
8
SIERRA VIDEO
2
Chapter
Installation
Introduction
Installation procedures are similar for all frames covered under this manual. Exceptions, if any,
have been noted in each of the following paragraphs.
Rack Mounting
Carefully inspect the frame to ensure that there has been no shipping damage. Make sure all
shipping material is removed from the router frame.
Each of the routing switchers described in this manual can be rack mounted in a standard 19"
(RU) EIA rack assembly and includes rack "ears" at the ends of the front of the frames. None of
the switcher models require spacing above or below the unit for ventilation. If ample space exists,
a 1RU spacing gap is recommended.
To rack mount any of the routing switchers, simply place the unit's rack ears against the rack rails
of the rack, and insert proper rack screws through each of the holes in the rack ears. Always rack
mount the routing switcher prior to plugging the unit into a power receptacle or attaching any
cables.
CAUTION!
The operating temperature range of this product is 0 to 40ºC. Do not exceed the maximum (40ºC) or
minimum (0ºC) operating temperature.
If installed in a closed or multi-rack assembly, the operating ambient temperature of the rack environment
may be greater than the room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing
the equipment in an environment compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient
temperature (YMRA).
Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of air flow required for safe
operation of the equipment is not compromised.
Dimensions
1602 Series HD Shasta HD Router frame is 1 rack unit high, 19” wide, and 13.5” deep.
9
SIERRA VIDEO
Connecting To Video Devices
Video sources and output devices (such as monitors, or recorders) may be connected to the
routing switchers through the BNC type connectors located on the back of the unit. Keep in mind
that the output signal format will be that of the input signal format.
Input Equalization
The 1602 Series HD/SDI routers have adjustable input equalization settings. The factory default
setting for Equalization is ON.
There are two states for the equalization setting - active (ON) or bypassed (OFF).
To adjust input equalization via the front panel;
Hold down the "V" level button to trigger adjustment mode. When active, the LED's for all sources
will update to display the current state of their associated adjustment.
Pressing any input button will toggle the state of that button's adjustment.
LED ON indicates the equalizer is on.
LED BLINKING indicates equalizer is off.
Releasing the "V" level button will terminate adjustment mode.
Note:
Output buttons will also light, indicating the Reclocking status. (See next section).
Reclocking
The 1602 Series HD/SDI routers also have adjustable output Reclocking settings. The factory
default setting for Reclocking is ON (automatic).
The Reclocking circuit, when in the automatic mode, will automatically detect and lock to
incoming SMPTE SDI data signals.
If a non-SMPTE data rate is detected, the reclocker will automatically enter the bypass mode in
order to pass the signal without reclocking.
There are two states for the Reclocking setting - automatic (ON) or bypassed (OFF).
To make adjustments, hold down the "V" button to trigger adjustment mode. Pressing any output
button will toggle the state of that button's adjustment.
LED ON indicates the Reclocking circuit is in the automatic mode.
LED BLINKING indicates Reclocking circuit is bypassed.
Releasing the "V" level button will terminate adjustment mode.
Note:
Input buttons will also light, indicating the equalizer status. (See previous section).
10
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Connecting To Audio Devices
Audio sources and output devices (such as amplifiers or recorders) are connected to the
switchers through the terminal block connectors located at, and marked, on the rear of the
switcher.
Terminal block connectors
Balanced/Unbalanced Audio Connections
All audio sources from the routing switcher are balanced audio. Connect the balanced audio to
the balanced input of your destination device(s).
If this is a 2-channel system used for stereo audio, ensure that you keep the same phase
relationship. Connect the positive designated pin to the same relative pin on the destination
device of both channels.
To connect an unbalanced device to the switcher, first place a jumper between the negative (-)
and the ground on the switcher (jumper not included.) Then connect the device positive (+) to
positive (+) and shield to ground as shown in the graphic below.
For unbalanced sources, connect the unbalanced source to one side of the balanced input and
ground. The other input does not have to be grounded. Note, always use the same side of the
balanced input for stereo.
AES/EBU Audio
AES audio can be either balanced 110ohm or unbalanced 75ohm. Balanced or unbalanced digital
audio must be specified at the time of order. The SVS factory will configure your router as
ordered.
Connections for balanced AES/EBU are the same for balanced analog audio (see previous
section). Unbalanced AES audio will have BNC connectors.
11
SIERRA VIDEO
Audio Follow Video and Breakaway Audio Configurations
Video and Audio signals are switched by separate crosspoint modules. All crosspoint modules
can be switched at the same time. Audio and video can be switched separately (breakaway) if
desired.
Connecting Peripherals
Control panels, sync inputs, and power are all connected to the rear of the frame. The peripherals
area may vary depending on the model size and type.
Redundant Power
Connection
(Optional)
Primary Power
Connection
and Fuses
Looping
Control Panel
Connectors
Looping Video
Sync Referencing
Inputs
10/100 Base T
Ethernet Connector
RS-232/422
Control connector
Sync Connector
There are two BNC connectors labeled "REF IN". This is a "looping" input for sync referencing.
Connect either composite sync, video with sync, or Tri-level sync to either BNC. If desired, use
the second BNC to loop the signal to another device. If the loop is not used, terminate the second
BNC with 75 ohms.
If a video sync signal is applied to the routing switcher, the control system will cause all switching
to occur during the vertical interval of the reference. If no sync is available, the routing switcher
will switch at a random point rather than during the vertical interval of the reference signal.
AC Power Connections
Some SVS routing switchers offer redundant power supplies but must be specified prior to order.
The power supplies are universal AC inputs. Voltage selection is not necessary because the
power supply senses the correct AC input automatically.
The optional redundant power supply is an external AC to DC converter.
12
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Control Processor Dip Switch Settings
Your switcher has been configured at the factory for the settings you are most likely to need.
However, if you want to configure the switcher differently, you can do so by setting the switches
located on the processor board (behind the front panel). Dip Switches and their action are given
in the table that follows.
Note:
Changing any Dip Switch causes an automatic reset after a few seconds.
13
SIERRA VIDEO
Ethernet Setup
Default IP settings;
IP Address- 192.168.1.200
Subnet mask- 255.255.255.0
Gateway IP Address- 0.0.0.0
Telnet Port- 10001
To configure the IP port the router must first be connected to your computer. This can either be
done using a crossover cable to connect your PC to the routing switcher directly, or the routing
switcher may be added to your existing network. The routing switcher defaults to an IP address
of 192.168.1.200 which will not conflict with other devices in most system. If there is an address
conflict, a crossover cable must be used to configure the routing switchers Ethernet port.
Once your PC and the routing switcher are on the same Ethernet network, open your internet
browser and type in the default address of the routing switcher in the address line of the internet
browser.
This will open a web page stored in the SVS router. Router information is displayed on this page.
14
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
To setup IP address parameters, select “Setup”.
Enter the new IP address information. Device Name, Company Name, and Location Names are
user definable. Click on “Update Configuration” to make changes.
After making any changes to this screen the router has to be reset (power cycled) in order for
changes to take effect.
Note:
The router Must be reset after making changes to the IP address.
15
SIERRA VIDEO
Ethernet Control
There are two screens for switching the router. Selecting “I/O” displays the following screen;
To switch the router, select (left mouse click) on a destination, the button will turn red. The current
status will be indicated by the current source button will turn red.
Status can also be checked by hovering the mouse pointer over a destination. The destination
button will turn blue and the corresponding source that is connected to that destination will also
turn blue.
Another method of switching is by selecting “TL Control”.
This screen displays a “grid” of sources and destinations. Left click on the I/O
grid lines that intersect the source and destination to switch. Status is indicated
by a blue dot at the I/O grid line.
Note:
The Ethernet port will also accept HOST protocol commands to switch the router.
16
SIERRA VIDEO
3
Chapter
Operation
Introduction
The purpose of a routing switcher is to switch any of the inputs (source) to any of the
outputs (destination). Any input can be connected to any or all outputs but each output
can only be connected to a single input. Control remains the most important component
of your new system. The standard local control panel empowers full control of the routing
switcher while allowing external RS-232 control via the serial port.
Local Control Panel Operation
The standard local control panel consists of twenty pushbuttons, sixteen inputs, two
outputs, a “V” (video only), and an “A” (audio only) button. Use these features to switch
between video and/or audio, select the input and output.
Select output first, an input button will light indicating the input currently connected to that
output.
The “V” and “A” (if audio is installed) to indicate video and audio are preset to switch.
Select an input and the router will automatically switch.
To disable the video or audio, press the lit button and the lamp will extinguish indicating
the level will not switch.
When video and audio are switched to a destination from different sources (break-away)
the video source status is indicated by an input button light steadily on and the audio
status by a blinking button.
17
SIERRA VIDEO
Scan Mode
The 1602 Shasta HD router has a “scan” feature. Output 1 can be set to automatically
switch selected inputs at a “user determined” time interval.
To set the router in the scan mode;
Press and hold the output 1 and 2 buttons until both buttons flash to put in the
scan mode.
To set the scan interval;
Press the output 2 button, Select a value (in seconds) by pressing the input
button.
Press the output 1 button to escape the scan interval mode.
To select the inputs to be scanned;
When the scan mode is initialised, all inputs will scan. While in the scan mode,
press the input button to disable the input from being scanned.
To review the inputs selected to scan, press and hold the output 1 button. Inputs
selected to scan will light.
To escape the scan mode;
Press and hold the output 1 and 2 buttons until both buttons flash.
18
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Status
When an output is selected, the input currently connected to that output will light. When
video & audio are routed from the same source to the currently selected destination, then
only that source button lamp will be lit.
When video and audio are switched to a destination from different sources (break-away)
the video source status is indicated by an input button light steadily on and the audio
status by a blinking button.
When a crosspoint switch is initiated from a point of control other than the local
pushbutton interface, AND it involves the currently selected destination, THEN the source
button tallies will be updated automatically.
Panel Lock
The local control panel can be “locked” to prevent front panel switching. To lock the front
panel, hold down the “A” and “V” buttons for 3 seconds and release. To unlock, repeat
the process.
If switching is attempted when the panel is locked, all buttons will flash.
19
SIERRA VIDEO
Control via 9-pin Connectors
The 9-pin connectors allow you to control the routing switcher via an external computer.
On some switcher models, the serial port can be changed internally for RS422
configuration (RS232 @ 9600 baud is factory configuration).
Each routing switcher model has one port and it is labeled on the back panel as
“RS232/422 Control” (refer also to the illustrations of back panels shown in Chapter 1):
Connection to the RS-232/422 port is made using a standard 9 pin (pin to pin) cable.
RS-232 pinout;
Pin 2……….TX
Pin 3……….RX
Pin 5……….GND
NOTE:
To convert the 9-pin connector to an RS422 serial port, contact Sierra Video.
Control via Ethernet
The matrix switches may be controlled via Ethernet using the Host Protocol. To control
the matrix switcher, establish a TCP/IP connection to the IP addresses of the routing
matrix using port number 10001. A communications program such as Hyper Access can
be used to establish this connection. Once the connection is established, sending the
command **!! should cause the routing matrix to return ** OK !!. This connection
supports the entire Sierra Video Host protocol command set.
Host Mode
The matrix switchers have one 9-pin RS232 connector that allows you to control the
switcher using a standard personal computer or other external devices (such as Creston
or AMX). The switchers are shipped in the “Host” mode but can be changed to the
“Terminal” mode by the following procedure:

Connect a terminal to the serial port and send the following command:
**HOST0!!
The port now uses the terminal protocol.

To restore back to the Host port, send the following command:
**HOST1!!
Terminal Mode
The 9-pin connector labeled RS232/422 Control can be used for simple terminal control,
(V=T100 emulation capability). The terminal performs the following functions:

Serves as an overall system controller

Sets up the personality of the entire system (size, level control, change
names, mapping, etc.)
These setups are stored in non-volatile memory so that a terminal is not required unless it is
necessary to change a setup.
20
SIERRA VIDEO
4
Chapter
Communication
Protocol
Introduction
This section of this manual contains the most common Protocol commands. For a more
detailed list of Protocol commands contact the Sierra Video factory or go to
sierravideo.com/downloads.
The protocol uses the 7-bit ASCII character set, usually sent over an RS232-C or RS422
serial link — 9600 bps is recommended with 8 data bits and no parity. The protocol is
compact, with few characters required to cause switch changes to occur. It is also
human-readable and thus easy to understand and use. Several different crosspoint
switch request commands are defined, so that the one that is most compact for any given
switcher and application can be chosen.
The protocol is useful with both very small and very large routing switchers. The sizes of
the numbers representing inputs, outputs, and levels are not fixed, but can be as large or
small as necessary. Special provisions allow numbers to be packed one after another
with no intervening delimiter character, in order to make the protocol compact, as long as
each number is the largest size necessary for that particular switcher.
All input, output, and level numbers begin at number 1, not 0.
Note:
When writing commands for a “third party” controller, pay careful attention to the levels of control.
21
SIERRA VIDEO
Generic Protocol
Commands are sent to a routing switcher in a group called a command string. A
command string can contain zero or more commands, limited only by the size of the
receive buffer of the router, whose size depends on the particular router model.
A command string consists of a leader string of asterisk characters, zero, or more
commands, and a trailer string of exclamation marks. Larger routers require two leader
(**) and trailer (!!) characters, while small routers require only one, in order to make the
protocol compact for those routers. The remainder of this document gives examples
using doubled characters. Note that two leader/trailer characters may be sent to small
routers even when only one is required, and they will still work fine.
If a leader character (**) is encountered within the command string being processed by a
router, the command string up to that point is discarded and a new command string is
expected. This ensures that a router will always act on a complete command string sent
to it, even if the previous one was never completely received.
When a command string is received, it is not acted upon (but rather, is merely buffered
up) until the final trailer character (!) character of the command string is received. At that
time, the routing switcher begins to execute the commands within the string.
The protocol uses only 7-bit ASCII characters. The 8th bit of received characters is
treated as if it is 0. Within the command string, certain ASCII characters may be present
and are ignored: any ASCII character whose code is less than the SPACE character
(includes all control characters and the SPACE character) and the DEL (ASCII 7F)
character. Alphabetic characters within the command string may be in either upper-case
or lower-case letters. The router always sends upper case characters, except for
character strings such as input, output, and level names, which may have lower case
characters in them.
When sending commands to the router, SPACE characters are optional, but if used may
only appear before and after each individual command and NOT embedded within an
individual command. Within command strings sent from the router, a single SPACE
character appears before and after each individual command. SPACES may also appear
in character strings, such as input, output, and level names.
Certain commands (R, Q, L, and G) have character strings that appear as arguments.
The first three, “R”, “Q”, and “L”, have character strings only in commands sent from the
router, and these character strings are always terminated with a ~ (tilde) character. No
special character marks the start of these strings, they simply begin at the appropriate
point within the command. The “G” command, on the other hand, uses the ~ (tilde)
character to mark both the start and end of a character string argument.
Just before the router begins executing a command string, it sends a leader (**) to the
host (the same number as are required in commands from the host). As it executes the
commands, some of them may generate additional output back to the host. These
command response characters are always preceded and followed by a space character,
making the response string easily human-readable.
After the command string has been executed, the routing switcher returns the string “ OK
" (with a single space character before and after the word "OK"), followed by the trailer (!!)
and a CR (carriage return, ASCII 0D) character, to the host. This indicates that the
command has executed successfully. If an error occurs within any command of a
command string, the remainder of the command string is ignored and the router returns
the string “ ERROR ", followed by an optional descriptive string followed by a string of
trailer characters and a CR character, to the host. An error can be caused by an unknown
command name or bad arguments to a command.
22
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
The simplest possible command string would be:**!! which consists of the leader and
trailer characters but no commands between them. This command string would generate
the response:
** OK !!<CR>
This can be useful for verifying that the serial link to the router is operational. In routers
requiring only one leader/trailer character, the simplest command string would be: *!
which would generate the response:
* OK !<CR>
(To determine whether a particular router uses one or two leader/trailer characters, send
it "!!**" and check the response to see which of the above two responses it is. It won’t hurt
to always use two even if only one is required.)
The simplest error response is one with no optional descriptive string. For example, this
command string:
** XXX !! might generate this response from the router:
** ERROR Syntax: No Number:XX !!
The descriptive string always ends with a colon and up to three characters from the
command string that caused the error. Generally, the error can be assumed to have
occurred just before these characters.
23
SIERRA VIDEO
Leader and Trailer
The simplest possible command string would be “**!!” which consists of the leader and
trailer characters but no command between them. This command string would generate
the response “**OK!!” followed by “CR”. This can be useful for verifying that the serial link
to the switcher is operational.
The following is the set of commands available for sending to the router, a subset of
which may be implemented in any given routing switcher.
Syntax
Example
Description
R
I
Q
L
O
N
S
C
K
R
I
Q
L
O5
N5
S
C
K9999
M
U {0 1}
V out,in,in…
W lvl,in,in…
X out,in,lvl
Y out,in
Z in in…
D numsyncs
T {A-Z}
P {A-Z}
B
F
HOST
G
M139
U0
V3,1,2,2
W1,4,19
X12,9,2
Y1,7
Z13,12,8
D300
TB
PBY1,7~
B21
F5
HOST0
G1,10~
Router Reset
Capabilities Inquiry
Model Name and Software Version Inquiry
Matrix Size and Level Names Inquiry
Output Status inquiry
Input Status inquiry
Status inquiry
Clear matrix
Set Password to Change Protected
Settings
Set Remote Address
Update request on/off
Connect levels
Connect outputs
Connect crosspoint
Connect AFV
Connect AFV
Delay vertical sync intervals
Trigger a Salvo Connect sequence
Preset a Salvo connect sequence
Output Lock inquiry or change
Field Delay for crosspoint output
Select Host or Terminal Protocol
The command “G” is used to query or
modify a router configuration parameter or
parameters.
“R”: Router Reset
Use this command to force the routing switcher to reset, by sending it the command
"RESET". If an administrator password has been set (using the “G ADMIN_PASSWORD”
command described later in this document), then the password must be sent in a “K”
message prior to sending this command, else this command will generate an error. For
example, the command:
**RESET!!
would initiate a reset (if the password has been entered, if required), and when the router
finished the reset operation, something like this would be received, just as if the router
had powered up:
** RESET Tahoe Vx.xx (C) 2000~ !!<CR>
24
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
“I”: Capabilities Inquiry
The command "I" requests that command capability information be returned to the host.
The information is sent as a string of characters. The first characters are a space
followed by "I", the next characters are the letters of the commands that are
implemented and available in this router, and the last character is "~" (tilde). Do not count
on the characters being in any specific order. Search all characters for a particular one.
All routing switchers implement the I, L, S, and X commands. The Q command will
eventually be added to all.
For example, the command:
**I!!
might return the following string:
** ILSX~ OK !!<CR>
indicating that the router supports the I, L, S, and X commands from the host.
“Q”: Model Name and Software Version Inquiry
The command "Q" requests that the router model name and software version number
string be returned to the host. The information is sent as a string of characters. The first
characters are a space followed by "Q", the next characters are the router model name,
terminated by a "~" (tilde). Following this are the characters of the software version
number string, again terminated by a "~" (tilde).
For example, the command:
**Q!!
might return the following string:
** QSmall~V2.1~ OK !!<CR>
indicating that the router model name is "Small" and the software version number is
"V2.1".
“L”: Matrix Size and Level Names Inquiry
The command "L" requests that matrix size (Nout, Nlvl, Nin) and level name information
(lvl1, lvl2, etc.) be returned to the host. The information is sent as a string of characters.
The first characters are a space followed by "L", some optional values described below,
then the number of outputs (Nout), a comma, the number of levels (Nlvl), a comma, the
number of inputs (Nin), a comma, and then the level names, each terminated by a "~"
(tilde), and the last followed by two tildes.
For example, the command:
**L!!
might return the following string:
** L64,3,32,VIDEO~AudioL~AudioR~~ OK !!<CR>
indicating that the router has 64 outputs, 3 levels, and 32 inputs, and the levels are
named "VIDEO", "Audio L", and "Audio R".
25
SIERRA VIDEO
“O”: Output Status Inquiry
The command "O" requests that matrix status information for a single output be returned
to the host. The status information is sent as a “Y” command or a “V” command or as a
sequence of L “X” commands, where L=number of levels.
For example, the command:
**O5!!
to a 3-level router might have the following three commands as its response:
** X65,23,1 X5,-,2 X5,0,3 !!
Note the dash, indicating that on level 2, output 65 is not connected to an input. Also note
the 0, indicating that the connection on level 3 is either unknown or that output 65 doesn’t
exist or isn’t mapped on level 3.
Or, a 3-level router might have the following single command as its response:
** V65,23,-,0 !!
which has the same information as the three X commands in the previous example.
If the router has only one level, or if all levels are connected the same, the router might
instead use the Y command. For example:
** Y65,23 !!
“N”: Input Status Inquiry
The command "N" requests that matrix status information for a single input be returned to
the host. This command is only useful on those router levels that allow an input to be
connected to at most one output. The status information is sent as a “Y” command or a
sequence of L “X” commands, where L=number of levels that allow an input to be
connected to at most one output (each such level generates a single “X” command of
status). Thus, a 6-level router with three single-output-per input levels would generate 3
“X” commands of status command output. A router that has all of its levels as singleoutput-per-input may return a single “Y” command instead of individual “X” commands if
all of the levels are connected to the same output. The “X” and “Y” commands are
formatted exactly as with the "O" command.
For example, the command:
**N4!!
to a router might have the following three commands as its response:
** X12,4,2 X-,4,3 X0,4,4 !!
giving the status of levels 2, 3, and 4 (level 1 presumably not being a single-output-perinput level). Note that on level 3 the - (dash) indicates that the input is disconnected, and
on level 4 the 0 indicates that the connection to the input is either unknown or that input
does not exist or is not available on that level.
If the router has only one level, or if all levels are connected the same, it might instead
use the Y command. For example:
** Y12,4 !!
“S”: Status Inquiry
Use command S to request that status information be returned to the host. The status
information is sent as a string of L x O substrings, where L = number of levels and O =
number of outputs. Each level/output combination generates a single substring of status.
26
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Thus, a 21-level 16 output router would generate 2x16 = 32 substrings of status
command output. The length of each substring depends on the size of the particular
switcher involved. Larger switchers use bigger numbers for inputs, outputs, and levels.
The first substring of status is for level 1 output 2, etc.; however, each substring contains
the level and output numbers, so the sequence in which the data is sent is not important).
The first characters of each substring are a space followed by “X”, then the output
number, a comma character, the input number connected to the output (or 0 if no
connection exists), another comma, and finally the level number at which the input-output
pair is connected. For example, the command:
**S!!
might have the following two substrings at the beginning of its response:
**x01, 12, 1 x02, 02, 1!!
This indicates that output 1 is connected to input 12 on level 1, and that output 2 is
connected to input 2 on level 1.
The number of digits used for each number is generally the maximum number of digits
ever required for that particular switcher. Thus, a switcher with between 10 and 99 inputs
would use two digits for the input number, and a switcher with less than 10 levels would
use one digit for the level number.
“C”: Clear Matrix
Use command C to request that the switcher matrix be cleared so that all outputs are
disconnected from inputs (in switchers where this is possible) or else all outputs at all
levels have input 1 as their source. This command can take several seconds to execute
(depending on the size of the switcher matrix). In order to help ensure that this command
isn’t accidentally executed, it requires four additional characters following the “C”
character, to spell out the word “CLEAR” in full. For example, the command:
**CLEAR!!
would clear the matrix and when finished — the following response would be generated:
**OK!!<CR>
“K”: Set Password
The command "K" is followed by a password, which may be 0 to cancel the previous
password, thus causing no password to be specified, or, it may be a value between 1 and
9999 to supply a password, which remains in effect until another password (or password
0) is supplied in another “K” command. The password is stored by the router under the
remote address specified using an “M” command, or under the control port is remote
address if an “M” command was not specified before the “K” command in the same
command string as the “K” command. The password that is set remains in effect until
another “K” command is received from the same remote address.
It would be used to establish a password for a remote address, to be used for such things
as locking and unlocking outputs and modifying the router configuration. When the router
receives a protected command (one which requires use of a password) from a remote
address, it compares the current password for that remote address with the password
required to execute the protected command. Protected commands consist of many of the
“G” commands that change router configuration, as well as take and salvo trigger
commands when the output to be taken is locked. In the former case, the administrator
password is the one that must be sent in the “K” command to permit the router
configuration to be changed, while in the latter case the password that was used to lock
the output is the one that must be sent in the “K” command to permit the take to occur.
27
SIERRA VIDEO
Refer to the “B” command and the “G ADMIN_PASSWORD” command (in a separate
document) for more information.
For example, the command:
** M197 K1777 !!
requests that password 1777 be stored as the current password for remote address 197.
The command:
** M197 Y7,9 !!
requests that output 7 be connected to input 9, using the password stored for remote
address 197 as the output lockout override password. The take will succeed if output 9 is
either not locked or is locked with password 1777. Otherwise, the take will fail.
“M”: Set Remote Address
The command "M" is followed by a remote address value, and it sets the remote address
to be used by all remaining commands in the current command string. This command is
supported on larger routers. It would be used when a client/server software system on a
router control port permits multiple remote users to send commands to the router through
that control port. In such a system, the server software that talks to the control port can
insert an “M” command at the beginning of each command string it sends to the router on
behalf of its clients. The server would assign a different address to each of its clients. The
router uses the address to control access to and modification of protected resources. The
“M” command will typically work in conjunction with the “K” command, which allows a
password to be sent to the router. Some commands, such as those that allow
modification of router configuration settings, might require entry of an administrator
password before allowing the router configuration to be modified. The “K” command is
used to send the password, but the router must be able to record that password in
association with a particular remote user. The router would save the password as the one
established by the remote address specified in the “M” command. The examples below
show how this would work.
If the “M” command is not present in a control string received on a serial port, the address
assigned to the serial port itself is used as the address for all commands in that
command string.
The “M” command works on an honor system. There is nothing to keep a remote device
from forging a false address. This conforms with the philosophy of providing protection
mechanisms that are not designed to be totally hack-proof, but rather, are designed
under the assumption that controlling devices will honor the system. A dedicated hacker
can always hack into the system if he chooses. Note, however, that the server in a
client/server relationship can provide a great deal of added security for the system,
forcing the correct “M” command to be sent each time, and filtering out bogus “M”
commands received from clients.
When the router receives an “M” command in a command string, it echoes the same “M”
command in its response. This allows the server connected to the serial port to parse the
received response string and determine to which client it should route the response.
Normally the server will assign remote addresses to its clients. However, it should always
provide a way to send these addresses to the client, because the client needs to know its
address in order to know how to interpret some responses. By simply passing each “M”
response command received from the router back to the client, the server can let the
client know what its address is.
For example, the command:
** M139 K9664 !!
28
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
establishes password 9664 as the password for remote address 139. The response to
this command string would be:
** M139 OK !!
If remote address 13 later sends the command:
** M139 Y8,27 !!
to request that output 8 be connected to input 27, the router would check to see if output
8 has been locked. If so, the router compares the password of remote address 139
(which has previously been set to 96643) to the password that was used to lock output 8.
If they match, the connection request succeeds, but if they don’t match, output 8 is left
unchanged.
“U”: Update Request on/off
The command "U" turns on or off the automatic sending of output change reports. The
command letter must be followed by either a number 0, 1, or 2 to specify the new
automatic change report state, as follows:
0: Automatic output change reporting is turned off.
1: Automatic output change reporting is turned on. Crosspoint change commands do not
immediately report changed status, but instead, the report comes up to a few seconds
after the crosspoint change command is received.
2: Automatic output change reporting is turned on, and crosspoint change commands
immediately report changed status as part of the response to the command.
Output change reports are automatic messages sent to the host whenever an output is
crosspoint status (i.e. connected source) is changed.
For example, the command:
**U1!!
turns on automatic output change reporting. When a crosspoint is changed, the following
message might be received:
** X5,17,3 !!<CR>
indicating that output 5 is now connected to input 17 on level 3. Alternatively, if the router
has only a single level or if all levels of the output are connected the same, it might send:
** Y5,17 !!<CR>
indicating that output 5 is now connected to input 17. Alternatively, newer routers might
use the “V” command instead of “X” commands to report a change:
** V5,17,12,0 !!<CR>
indicating that output 5 is now connected to input 17 on level 1, to input 12 on level 2, and
does not exist or is not available on level 3.
To turn off output change reporting, use the command:
**U0!!
The difference between an argument value of 1 versus 2 has to do with the response
generated by the router when it receives a crosspoint connect command (“V”, “W”, “X”,
“Y”, or “Z” command). For example, suppose the router sends the following crosspoint
connect commands in a single command sequence:
** Y1,18 Y8,34 !!
If U1 is in effect, the response to this command will be:
29
SIERRA VIDEO
** OK !!<CR>
and then sometime later, perhaps up to several seconds later, the crosspoint change
reports will be sent as separate command sequences for each output:
** Y1,18 !!<CR>
** Y8,34 !!<CR>
On the other hand, if U2 is in effect, the response to the original crosspoint change
command sequence will be:
** Y1,18 Y8,34 OK !!<CR>
and no additional crosspoint change reports will be sent because they already HAVE
been sent. The U2 mode of operation is generally more convenient because it produces
more immediate feedback to the controlling device that is sending a crosspoint change
command. The U1 mode of operation is provided for compatibility with older control
systems.
“V”: Connect Levels
The command "V" is used to request that a connection be made. It must be followed by
an output number, a comma, and a comma-separated list of input numbers, one for each
level, up to the number of levels in the router. Fewer than the number of levels may be
specified if desired, and the remaining levels will be left unchanged.
For example, the command:
**V12,7,8,9!!
says that connections are to be made to output 12: from input 7 on level 1, input 8 on
level 2, and input 9 on level 3.
An input number of 0 means the output connection is to be left unchanged.
An input number of ë-ë (dash) means the output is to be disconnected. If the router does
not support disconnected outputs, the output connection will be left unchanged.
“W”: Connect Outputs
The command "W" is used to request that a connection be made. It must be followed by a
level number, a comma, and a comma-separated list of input numbers, one for each
output, up to the number of outputs in the router. Fewer than the number of outputs may
be specified if desired, and the remaining outputs will be left unchanged.
For example, the command:
**W1,17,3,9!!
says that connections are to be made on level 1: from input 17 to output 1, input 3 to
output 2, and input 9 to output 3.
If the level number is specified as "0", this means that the connection is to be made on all
levels (AFV).
For example, the command:
**W0,8,3,7!!
says that connections are to be made on all levels: from input 8 to output 1, input 3 to
output 2, and input 7 to output 3.
An input number of 0 means the output connection is to be left unchanged.
30
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
An input number of ë-ë (dash) means the output is to be disconnected. If the router does
not support disconnected outputs, the output connection will be left unchanged.
It is an error to request connection of an input or output that doesn’t exist on the specified
level, even if the input or output does exist on some other level. However, if the level
number is “0”, any input or output may be used as long as it exists on at least one level,
and in that case no connection will be made on any level on which the input and output
does not exist. If the requested connection has an output or input number that isn’t
mapped to a physical connector (on virtual-mapped routers) on one or more levels, those
levels are simply not changed.
If “U2” is in effect (see “U” command), the response will include one or more V, Y, or X
commands to report the new status of the outputs. The response will be the same as if
“O” commands were issued for the outputs immediately following the “W” command. No
response is generated if this command is being used to define a salvo.
“X”: Connect Crosspoint
Use command X to request that a connection be made. It must be followed by an output
number, a comma, an input number, a comma, and a level number. For example:
**X8, 3, 2!!
This string says that a connection is to be made between output 8 and input 3 on level 2.
If the level number is specified as “0”, this means that the connection is to be made on all
levels (AFV). For example, the command:
**X8, 3, 0!!
This string says that a connection is to be made between output 8 and input 3 on all
levels.
“Y”: Connect AFV
Use command Y to request that a connection be made. It must be followed by an output
number, a comma, and an input number. The connection is made on all levels (AFV). For
example, the command:
**Y2, 8!!
This string says that input 8 is to be connected to output 2 on all levels.
“Z”: Connect AFV
The command "Z" is used to request that a connection be made. It must be followed by a
comma-separated list of input numbers, one for each output, up to the number of outputs
in the router. Fewer than the number of outputs may be specified if desired, and the
remaining outputs will be left unchanged. The connection is made on all levels (AFV).
For example, the command:
**Z4,18,7!!
says that input 4 is to be connected to output 1 on all levels, input 18 to output 2 on all
levels, and input 7 to output 3 on all levels.
An input number of 0 means the output connection is to be left unchanged.
An input number of ë-ë (dash) means the output is to be disconnected. If the router does
not support disconnected outputs, the output connection will be left unchanged.
Any input or (implied) output number may be specified as long as it exists on at least one
level. No connection will be made on any level on which an input or (implied) output
31
SIERRA VIDEO
number does not exist. If the requested connection has an output or input number that
isn’t mapped to a physical connector (on virtual-mapped routers) on one or more levels,
those levels are simply not changed.
If “U2” is in effect (see “U” command), the response will include one or more V, Y, or X
commands to report the new status of the outputs. The response will be the same as if
“O” commands were issued for the outputs immediately following the “Z” command. No
response is generated if this command is being used to define a salvo.
“D”: Delay vertical sync intervals
The command "D" is used to delay before continuing execution of the commands that
follow. It must be followed by a number giving the number of vertical sync intervals by
which to delay. If the number is 1, the delay will be to the VERY NEXT vertical sync
interval. If the number is 0, no delay occurs. The number must be no larger than 255.
Note that this command will also delay the time at which the remaining command
responses and the trailer character are returned to the host.
For example, the command:
** Y1,5 D200 D100 Y1,6 S !!
says that input 5 is to be connected to output 1 on all levels, then a delay of 300
(=200+100) sync intervals is to occur, then input 6 is to be connected to output 1 on all
levels, then a status response is to be returned.
It is generally recommended that the host computer be responsible for timing the initiation
of commands, rather than using this command to do the job. The host computer can
simply send the appropriate commands at the appropriate times. The "P" and "T"
commands described below can aid in ensuring that lengthy connect sequences aren't
delayed due to the time it takes to send them to the router.
“T”: Trigger a Salvo
The command "T" is used to trigger a previously set up salvo (set using the "P" command
above). It must be followed by a register letter from A to Z or a register number from 1 to
256 giving the register to be triggered.
For example, the command:
** TB D180 TC !!
says to trigger salvo register B (same as 2), delay 180 sync intervals, then trigger salvo
register C (same as 3). When the register is triggered, this means that the connect
commands stored in it take effect.
If a salvo is triggered and it attempts to connect a locked output or port, or a disallowed
input/output pair, or a port to itself, the salvo trigger operation is aborted, no crosspoint
changes are performed, and an error is reported: “ERROR Salvo Has Locked Xpts”.
“P”: Preset a Salvo
The command "P" is used to set up a salvo, which is a series of connect commands for
later execution with the "T" command. It must be followed by a register letter from A to Z
or a register number from 1 to 256 giving the register into which the connect sequence is
to be stored, followed by zero or more connect commands (V, W, X, Y, or Z), followed by
a "~" (tilde) character.
Registers A-Z are the same registers as 1-26. The letter designators are allowed to
shorten up the command sequence slightly, so that “T” commands can be sent in
compact form if one of the first 26 registers is used.
32
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
For example, the command:
** PB X2,5,0 Z7 ~ !!
says that two connect commands (output 2 to input 5 AFV, and output 1 to input 7 AFV)
are to be stored into salvo register B (i.e. register 2). Another example:
** P239 Y5,7 ~ !!
says that one connect command (output 5 to input 7 AFV) is to be stored in salvo register
239.
Only supported connect commands (those connect commands whose command letters
appear in the "I" command response) may follow the register letter up to the tilde
character. The connect commands do not take effect until the register is triggered using
the "T" command below.
The maximum allowed number of connect commands is determined by the particular
router. In all cases where this command is implemented, there is guaranteed to be space
available to store at least two complete switch matrices AT ONE LEVEL. If more connect
commands are received than there is space available to store them, the error response
string "FULL ERROR Salvo Space Full" is sent to the host, and only the first part of the
salvo is stored. For example:
** FULL ERROR Salvo Space Full !!
says that the salvo request filled memory and the salvo could not be completely stored.
“B”: Output Lock inquiry or change
The command "B" requests that lock information for the specified output be returned to
the host, and optionally that the lock status of that output be changed. Whenever the
router receives a “B” command, it sends one back.
In routers that support the “B” command, the router reports changes to output lock status
using the “B” command, not the “G OUTPUT_LOCK” command.
When an output is locked, it cannot be routed to a new input unless the password sent
using the “K” command matches the password used to lock the output.
In virtual-mapped routers, this command applies lockouts to virtual destinations rather
than physical outputs, so the word “output” should be replaced with “destination” in this
command description.
If the “password” and “lock” arguments are both 0, this is a query for lock status of the
specified output. A “B” command is sent to report the lock status.
If the “password” argument is not 0, this is a request to change the lock status of the
specified output. After changing the lock status, a “B” command is sent to report the new
lock status, so a response occurs regardless of which form of the “B” command is sent to
the router.
When requesting that lock status be changed, if “lock” is 0, this is a request to unlock the
output, and if “lock” is 1, this is a request to lock the output. An attempt to lock an output
that is already locked, or to unlock an output that is already unlocked, fails, as does an
attempt to unlock an output using a password that is different from the password that the
output was locked with and is not the administrator password. Any use of a password
larger than 9999 also fails. In any of those cases, the output lock status remains
unchanged and an error response is generated. The “B” command response will indicate
that the output still has the same lock state as before.
33
SIERRA VIDEO
In the “B” command response that is sent by the router, the “password” argument is the
current lock password for the output (1-9999), or is 0 if the output is not locked, and the
“lock” argument is 0 if the output is not locked, or 1 if it is locked.
When locking an unlocked output, the specified password is recorded by the router as the
lock password for that output. When unlocking a locked output, the specified password is
compared by the router to the lock password for the output. If they match, or if the
specified password is the administrator password, the output is unlocked, else it remains
locked. Attempting to lock an already-locked output, or unlock an already-unlocked
output, has no effect on the lock state of that output.
Whenever a take is done, the router checks to see if the specified output for the take has
been locked. If so, the current password of the control port that sent the take request (as
set with the “K” command) is compared to the output’s lock password. If they match, the
take is allowed, but if not, the take has no effect. The administrator password may NOT
be used in lieu of the output’s lock password to do a take, so if a controlling device sends
the administrator password in a “K” command, which will not permit the device to reroute
locked outputs (but it can use the administrator password to unlock locked outputs using
the “B” command).
Output lockouts apply on all levels. On virtual-mapped routers, a level may be left out of a
lockout by making sure the level is unmapped for the destination being locked.
As with all router configuration parameters, the output lockout data is stored in nonvolatile storage and thus is retained across router power-ups. When a router is first
initialized at the factory, all outputs are set to be unlocked.
This command provides the same functionality as the “G OUTPUT_LOCK” command.
This command, which was added at router software version V5.06, is preferred over that
command. Note that the output lock version number is not present in this command.
Since output lock status changes frequently, it is not really useful to cache output lock
status for outputs, so the output lock version number is not really useful.
For example, to request whether or not output 21 is locked:
** B21,0,0 !!
The response might be:
** B21,0,0 OK !!
indicating that output 21 is NOT locked. Or, the response might be:
** B21,6741,1 OK !!
indicating that output 21 is locked with password 6741. To clear this lockout:
** B21,6741,0 !!
To lock output 96 using password 439:
** B96,439,1 !!
If successful, the response would be:
** B96,439,1 OK !!
If output 122 becomes locked using password 235, the following change report would be
sent by the router:
** B122,235,1 !!
34
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
“F”: Field Delay
The command "F" is used to specify the delay between the time a crosspoint change
request is received by the router and the time the crosspoint switch actually occurs. It
must be followed by a number giving the number of video fields of delay desired. If the
number is smaller than the smallest delay that the router can handle, the smallest delay
is used instead. If it is larger than the largest delay the router can handle, the largest
delay is used instead. Note that this command does not cause a delay in command
processing, as the “D” command does.
To understand this command more fully, consider the way that router software will
typically handle a crosspoint command. The last character of the command string, the
final “!” (exclamation) character, is received somewhere in a particular video field, call it
video field 7. The router parses the command string and, for each crosspoint it contains,
it puts the crosspoint in a buffer that is marked to be delivered to the crosspoint hardware
on a particular video field. Suppose that previously, an “F5” command has been received.
Then crosspoint commands whose final “!” command string character was received on
video field 7 would be placed in a buffer that is marked to be delivered to the crosspoint
hardware at video field 13 (7+5+1=13).
To understand the reason for adding 1 in the previous sum, consider an “F0” command: it
would ask for output at the very next video field, field 8 in our case. So, it is necessary to
add the “F” argument plus 1 to the field number on which the crosspoint command is
received to get the field number at which the crosspoint will be output.
A typical router will have a minimum delay that is between 1 and 2 fields. Suppose a
crosspoint command is received just before a vertical field mark. The software may be
able to prepare the crosspoint data and send it to the hardware when that vertical field
mark occurs, but the hardware itself typically has a one-field delay in it, so the soonest
that such a crosspoint would switch would be one field (plus a little) from when it was
received. If the command were received towards the beginning of a field rather than the
end of a field, the delay would be closer to two fields. Industry parlance is to call this a
one-field delay, because only full fields of delay are counted.
The delayfields argument of this command takes into account the hardware delay. So, if
a router has a minimum delay, including the hardware delay, of one full field, as
described in the previous paragraph, then a delayfields value of 1 causes this minimum
delay to be used. A delayfields value of 0 will also cause this minimum delay, because
the router uses its minimum if a smaller value is specified. A delayfields value of 2,
however, will add one more field to the minimum possible delay. Thus, delayfields
specifies the number of full fields of delay between end-of-crosspoint-command-stringreceived and crosspoint-switch-occurs. Note that the actual minimum value of delayfields
depends on the particular router model.
Routers typically have a limit to the number of crosspoint commands they can process in
one field. First, there is an inherent delay in sending the command to the router, but
beyond that, the router requires time to parse the command and buffer up the crosspoint
data, plus it requires time to deliver the buffered data to the hardware when the desired
video field arrives. Each individual router has documentation to describe its limitations on
how many crosspoints it can process in a given amount of time.
Larger values for delayfields give the router more time to process commands. Although
the long-term average number of crosspoints that can be processed per unit of time is
unchanged, a larger delayfields value can improve router performance during a short
burst of many crosspoint commands. For example, suppose a large number of crosspoint
commands is sent to the router in a single large command. If delayfields is small, the
router typically won’t have time to parse and process all these crosspoint commands and
place the data in the crosspoint delivery buffer before the target video field arrives. By
35
SIERRA VIDEO
making delayfields larger, the user can give the router more time to process the
crosspoint commands.
If too many crosspoint commands are received and the router is not able to process them
fast enough, it will output the crosspoint connections as soon as it can. Unexpected
delays in crosspoint output are a sign that the router is being pushed beyond its limits.
The fielddelay value applies to the entire router, not just to the control port on which the
“F” command is received. It is therefore recommended that a single value be settled on
for the fielddelay value, rather than changing the value constantly depending on needs.
Once changed, the router records the value in non-volatile memory and uses it each time
it is powered up, so it is only necessary to change it one time.
Even though a crosspoint isn’t changed until the fielddelay time has elapsed, the router
records the new crosspoint state immediately upon receiving the crosspoint change
request, so a controlling device may receive a report of a crosspoint change before the
change has actually taken effect, and this is more likely to happen the larger fielddelay is.
Since routers currently make no guarantees about when they will report a crosspoint
change anyway, this behavior is usually of no concern. There is a case where this could
cause problems. If the fielddelay value were to be changed while two different devices
were changing the same output, it is possible for the router to report the incorrect input
value for that output. This would happen if the earlier device that changed the output did
so before the fielddelay value was changed, and the later device that changed the output
did so after the fielddelay value was reduced but soon enough that its input value would
be sent to the crosspoint hardware before that of the earlier device. A bit later, the earlier
device’s input value is sent to the crosspoint hardware, but the router has recorded the
later device’s input value as being the one in effect. To prevent this scenario, we
recommend that an appropriate fielddelay value be chosen, set, and left alone.
Here is an example of an “F” command:
** F5 Y1,5 X2,6,3 !!
This says that input 5 is to be connected to output 1 on all levels and input 6 is to be
connected to output 2 on level 3, after a delay of 5 fields from the beginning of the field
that follows receipt of the “!” character.
36
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Basic “G” Command:
Action
Modify
arguments… } ~
Query
arguments… } ~
Query Response
From
Host
Syntax
G command_name {
Host
G command_name {
Router G command_name { arguments… } ~
Modify is Protected:
Report Changes:
Yes
No
The command "G" is used to query or modify a router configuration parameter or
parameters.
Summary lines at the start of each command section describe, for each type of command
action (Modify, Query, or Query Response), whether the command is sent to the router or
from the router and what the syntax of the command is. They also indicate whether or not
the modify form of the command is password-protected or not (“Modify is Protected”) and
whether or not the command participates in automatic reporting of parameter changes
(“Report Changes”) as described under the “G REPORT_CHANGES” command.
Each command has three possible syntax forms:
1.
Modify: this form is sent to the router to modify a parameter value
2.
Query: this form is sent to the router to query for a parameter value
3. Query Response: this form is sent by the router to report the value of a parameter in
response to receiving a Query or in response to a change in the parameter value when
automatic reporting of parameter changes is turned on.
Generally, the command arguments identify the parameter that is being queried or
modified, and provide its new value if it is being modified. The first argument following the
“G” command character is a command name. Additional arguments may be required for
some command names to completely specify the parameter in question. After those, one
or more additional optional arguments may give a new value for the parameter. All
arguments are separated from one another by commas.
When the Modify form of the command is used and if the new value is a valid value, the
router will change the parameter value to this new value, providing that “Modify is
Protected” says “No” or the administrator password has been sent using the “K”
command. It will then report the new value to all router control ports that have requested
these reports, providing that “Report Changes” says “Yes”. If a new value is provided that
is an illegal value, the parameter is left unchanged and no “G” command is sent.
When the Query form of the command is used, the Query Response form of the
command is returned to the control port that sent the Query command, reporting the
current value of the parameter. The Query form of a command is normally the same as
the Modify form except that the new parameter values are not included. The Query
Response form of a command is normally the same as the Modify form (but of course the
sender and receiver are reversed in these two cases).
Some “G” commands may initiate an action or report the occurrence of an event, instead
of querying or changing a router parameter.
Commas are used to separate arguments in the “G” command.
Space characters should not appear within the “G” command arguments, except when
they appear within strings. Also, a single space character is allowed after the “G”
37
SIERRA VIDEO
character itself. When a “G” command is sent by the router, it will always include this
space, but the space is optional when sending a “G” command to the router.
Character string arguments are delimited on both sides by a tilde (‘~’) character.
Generally character strings may contain any printable ASCII character except tilde,
asterisk, and exclamation.
Every “G” command must be terminated with a tilde (‘~’) character. This allows a
command parser to ignore any received “G” command that has a command_name that it
doesn’t know about.
The “G” commands available for any given router may vary, depending on the router
model. The “G SUPPORTED” command allows controllers to find out whether particular
“G” commands are supported by a given router or not.
A router may be sent “G” commands that it doesn’t understand. It will simply ignore them
and generate an ERROR response.
VAR: Modify or query system variables
Action
From
Syntax
Modify
Host
G
VAR,<varname>,<value>[,<value>…]~
Query
Host
G VAR,<varname>~
Query Response
Router (same as Modify)
Modify is Protected:
Report Changes:
Yes
No
The “G VAR“ command is used to change or query system variables that control specific
features of the router. The variable being affected is specified using its name, and only
one variable at a time can be targeted by this command. The features being controlled
are typically system options that allow the user to control special hardware or software
enhancements to the router code.
The Modify command has two or more arguments, the name of the variable to be
changed and the new value of that variable. Most variables have only a single value
associated with them, but it is possible for a variable to be multi-valued, in which case the
number of <value> arguments may be two or more.
The Query command has the variable name whose value is to be queried as the only
argument.
The Query Response command has the same argument structure as the Modify
command.
Each different router may support different variables. The supported variables may grow
over time, as enhancements are added to this protocol, so command parsers should
generally ignore unknown variable names. The routers themselves will ignore any
command that is received with an unknown variable name or an invalid variable value.
Use the “G VARQRY” command to find out which variables a particular router actually
supports. Refer to documentation for each router for a description of the variables.
A variable value is typically an unsigned decimal number, but may also be a signed
decimal number. The “G VARQRY” command can be used to determine the allowed
range of values.
For example, to query for the value of a variable named “VI_DELAY”:
** G VAR,VI_DELAY~ !!
38
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
The response command might be:
** G VAR,VI_DELAY,4~ !!
To set the “HD_SLAVE” variable to 1:
** G VAR,HD_SLAVE,1~ !!
VAR1: Modify or query single-dimensional array variables
Action
From
Syntax
Modify
Host
G
VAR1,<varname>,<index>,<value>[,<value>…]~
Query
Host
G VAR1,<varname>,<index>~
Query Response
Router (same as Modify)
Modify is Protected:
Report Changes:
Yes
No
The “G VAR1“ command is used to change or query single-dimensional array variables
that control specific features of the router. The variable being affected is specified using
its name and an array index that varies from a minimum value (typically 0 or 1) to some
maximum value, and only one such variable at a time can be targeted by this command.
The features being controlled are typically options that allow the user to control special
hardware or software enhancements as a function of router level, input number, or output
number, although the array variable is general-purpose in nature and will be used
whenever a single-dimensional array is appropriate.
The Modify command has three or more arguments, the name of the array variable to be
changed, the index within the array of the variable to be changed, and the new value of
that variable. Most variables have only a single value associated with them, but it is
possible for a variable to be multi-valued, in which case the number of <value>
arguments may be two or more.
The Query command has the name and index of the array variable whose value is to be
queried as its two arguments.
The Query Response command has the same argument structure as the Modify
command.
Each different router may support different single-dimensional array variables. The
supported single-dimensional array variables may grow over time, as enhancements are
added to this protocol, so command parsers should generally ignore unknown variable
names and out-of-range index values. The routers themselves will ignore any command
that is received with an unknown variable name, an index that is out of range, or an
invalid variable value. Use the “G VAR1QRY” command to find out which singledimensional array variables a particular router actually supports, and what the valid index
range is. Refer to documentation for each router for a description of the variables.
A variable value is typically an unsigned decimal number, but may also be a signed
decimal number. The “G VAR1QRY” command can be used to determine the allowed
range of values.
For example, to query for the value of the fifth element of an array variable named
“SYNC_SOURCE”:
** G VAR1,SYNC_SOURCE,5~ !!
The response command (or a command to set the variable to this value) might be:
** G VAR1,SYNC_SOURCE,5,3~ !!
39
SIERRA VIDEO
VAR2: Modify or query two-dimensional array variables
Action
From
Syntax
Modify
Host
G
VAR2,<varname>,<index1>,<index2>,<value>[,<value>…]~
Query
Host
G
VAR2,<varname>,<index1>,<index2>~
Query Response
Router (same as Modify)
Modify is Protected:
Report Changes:
Yes
No
The “G VAR2“ command is used to change or query two-dimensional array variables that
control specific features of the router. The variable being affected is specified using its
name and two array indexes that vary from minimum values (typically 0 or 1) to some
maximum values, and only one such variable at a time can be targeted by this command.
The features being controlled are typically options that allow the user to control special
hardware or software enhancements as a function of router level and either input or
output number, although the array variable is general-purpose in nature and will be used
whenever a two-dimensional array is appropriate.
The Modify command has four or more arguments, the name of the array variable to be
changed, the two indexes within the array of the variable to be changed, and the new
value of that variable. Most variables have only a single value associated with them, but it
is possible for a variable to be multi-valued, in which case the number of <value>
arguments may be two or more.
The Query command has the name and the two indexes of the array variable whose
value is to be queried as its three arguments.
The Query Response command has the same argument structure as the Modify
command.
Each different router may support different two-dimensional array variables. The
supported two-dimensional array variables may grow over time, as enhancements are
added to this protocol, so command parsers should generally ignore unknown variable
names and out-of-range index values. The routers themselves will ignore any command
that is received with an unknown variable name, with an index that is out of range, or an
invalid variable value. Use the “G VAR2QRY” command to find out which twodimensional array variables a particular router actually supports, and what the valid index
range is. Refer to documentation for each router for a description of the variables.
A variable value is typically an unsigned decimal number, but may also be a signed
decimal number. The “G VAR2QRY” command can be used to determine the allowed
range of values.
For example, to query for the value of the (3,87) the element of an array variable named
“GAIN”:
** G VAR2,GAIN,3,87~ !!
The response command (or a command to set the variable to this value) might be:
** G VAR2,GAIN,3,87,29~ !!
Details of the “G” command can be found on our website or by contacting the factory.
40
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Commonly Used Switching Commands
This section contains the most commonly used switching commands. These commands
are explained in detail in the proceeding section and are merely meant as a “short cut” for
programmers.
“Y” Command- All Levels
The “Y” command switches all levels (i.e. video and audio).
For example;
**Y2,8!!
This string says that input 8 is to be connected to output 2 on all levels.
“X” Command- Specify Levels
Using the “X” command requires that a level is specified.
For example;
**X8, 3, 2!!
This string says that a connection is to be made between output 8 and input 3 on level 2.
If a level number of “0” is used, all levels are switched.
“V” Command- Connect Levels
The “V” command is followed by an output number, a comma, and an input number for
each level, up to the number of levels on the router.
For example;
**V12, 7, 8, 9!!
This string says that connections are to be made to output 12 from input 7 on level 1,
input 8 on level 2, and input 9 on level 3.
41
SIERRA VIDEO
5
Chapter
Troubleshooting
Introduction
NOTES:
If the output signal is disturbed or interrupted by electromagnetic interference, the signal
should return and stabilize when the interference ends. If not, turn the power switch off
and on again to reset the switcher.
If the following recommended actions still do not result in satisfactory operation, please
consult your Sierra Video Dealer.
Power and Indicators
Problem
No power
Remedy



Confirm that the rocker switch is in the “ON” position, and that the
power lamp is illuminated.
Confirm that power connections are secured at the switcher and at
the receptacle. Make sure the receptacle is active, with the proper
mains voltage.
If there is still no power, check the fuse. Remove power cord from
the AC outlet and from the switcher and then remove the fuse
holder located above the power connector. Confirm that the fuse is
good by looking at the fuse wire connected to the ends of the fuse.
If the wire is separated, replace the fuse.
43
SIERRA VIDEO
Video Signal
Problem
No video at the
output device,
regardless of input
selected.
Video level is too
high or too dim.
Remedy
Confirm that your sources and destination device are powered on and
connected properly. Video signals connected to the input of the switcher
should be of an identical signal format as the output of your source.
Video signals at the output of your switcher should be of an identical
signal form required by your video monitor or recorder.
 Confirm that any other switchers in the signal path have the proper input
and/or output selected.
 Use a Video Tester to test the video path leading to/from your Matrix
Switcher.
 Replace the video crosspoint module with one that is known to be
functional.
 Verify that the video line is terminated with a precision 75 ohm
impedance, otherwise it results in a video level that is too high or too low
when looping is performed and the termination is not within 1% of 75
ohms.
 Confirm that the connecting cables are of high quality, properly built and
terminated with 75 ohms. Check level controls located on your source
input device or output monitor or recorder.
 Replace the video crosspoint module with one that is known to be
functional.

Problem
Remedy
Noise bars are "rolling"
up or down in the output
image
or:
Low Frequency hum in
the audio output of the
audio
Hum bars (ground loop) are caused by a difference in the ground potential
of any two or more devices connected to your signal path. Passing that
voltage difference through any available interconnection, including your
video cables, creates hum bars in the picture and/or hum in the audio.
WARNING!
Do not disconnect the ground from any piece of video equipment in your
signal path!
Check the following to remove hum bars:
 Confirm that all interconnected equipment is connected to the same
phase of power, if possible.
 Remove equipment connected to that phase that may introduce
noise, such as motors, generators, etc.
 Disconnect all interconnect cables and reconnect them one at a
time until the ground loop reappears. Disconnect the cable, or insert
an isolation transformer in the signal path.
44
1602 SERIES HD/SDI SHASTA HD SCANNING ROUTER
Audio Signal
Problem
No audio at the
destination device,
regardless of source
selected
Audio level is too low
Remedy
Confirm that your sources and destination device are powered on and
connected properly. Audio signals connected to the input of your
switcher should be properly wired from the output of your source. Audio
signals connected to the output of your switcher should be properly
wired to the input of your destination device.
 Confirm that any other amplifiers in the signal path have the proper
source and/or destination selected. Pay special attention to input
amplifiers that may be built into your destination device.
 Replace the audio crosspoint module with one that is known to be
functional.
 Confirm that the connecting cables are of high quality and properly built.
Take special care in noting the wiring configuration of balanced to
unbalanced cables (if possible use a matching transformers).
 Check level controls located on your source input device or output
monitor or recorder.
 Replace the audio crosspoint module with one that is known to be
functional.

Control
Problem
No control of Matrix
Switcher from PC
software
Remedy
Confirm the correct wiring of the connecting cable. Be sure to use a
standard one to one 9 pin serial cable.
 Confirm that all Dip Switches on the control processor are set properly.
See Dip switch settings on page.
 Confirm that the baud rate of your computer COM port is set to the same
as that of your Matrix Switcher (9600-Baud factory default). Confirm that
the proper COM port is selected in the control software.
 Use a terminal emulator program to send **!! commands and check for
**OK!! response.
 If you do not receive **OK!!, the problem is with the switcher.

45
SIERRA VIDEO
Switching Malfunctions
Problem
Remedy
The switcher
succeeds in
switching a number
of sources then fails
to switch one.
Malfunction in the particular source or cable assembly.
NOTE:
The most common failure mode in transferring the signal of an audio source is a
break in the connecting wire.
 Disconnect the source from a channel that is switching successfully and
connect the suspect source to it. If the channel continues to switch
successfully, then there is something wrong with the Matrix Switcher or
the suspect source was not connected properly. If it does not continue to
switch successfully, then there is something wrong with the source or
cable assembly.
The Matrix Switcher
turns ON but will not
switch at all

Check the LEDs on the serial processor board. If they are not counting,
the control module is dead. If the control panel is not lit, check the ribbon
cable connection between the panel and the processor control module.
Technical Support
Sierra Video has made every effort to insure that your unit has been fully tested and is
configured to your order specifications. If problems arise that can not be resolved, please
contact the Sierra Video technical support department.
Sierra Video factory- (530) 478-1000
Email- service@sierravideo.com
46
SIERRA VIDEO
6
Chapter
Specifications
Audio Specifications
Analog Audio
Maximum source output
level
Input impedance
Output Impedance
Frequency response
S/N Ratio (20 to 20 KHz)
Crosstalk (all inputs
hostile)
IM & THD (20 to 20 KHz)
Maximum Input Signal
Amplitude
Audio Connectors
Digital Audio
+24 dBm Balanced
+18 dBu Un-balanced
>20K Ohms
Balanced Mode: >20K ohm
Unbalanced Mode: 10K ohm
Balanced Mode: <100 ohm
Unbalanced Mode: <50 ohm
20 to 20KHz +/- 0.5 dB, (typical -3dB
@120Khz)
< -100 dB, output 24dBu, balanced
@ 1kHz: <-80 dB
@20 kHz: <-70 dB
0.025% at +24 dBm
Balanced Mode: +24 dBu
Unbalanced Mode: +18 dBu
6-wire removable captive screw terminal
AES3ID
AES3
Interface
Unbalanced
Balanced
Connector
BNC
6 pin Removable Terminal
Block
Input / Output Impedance
75Ω Unbalanced
110Ω Balanced
Output Level
1 V p-p Unbalanced +/-20%
4 V p-p Balanced +/-20%
Cable
Coax
Shielded Twisted Pair
Maximum Distance
1000 m
1000 m
Minimum Input
200 m V p-p
320 m V p-p
Jitter
< 0.025 UI p-p @ 48Khz
< 0.025 UI p-p @ 48Khz
Data sampling rates
32Khz – 96Khz
32Khz – 96Khz
Return Loss
30dB @ 6MHz
30dB @ 6MHz
47
SIERRA VIDEO
Video Specifications
Video
Data Rates
Data Types
Jitter
Video Level
Connector Type
Impedance
Return Loss
Cable Equalization
Video Level
Connector Type
Impedance
Return Loss
Rise/Fall Times
48
19Mbps – 2.97Gbps
SMPTE 424, 372M, 310M, 259, 344M, 292M, DVB-ASI, ITU-R
BT.601
< 0.2 UI
INPUT
800mV p-p +/-10%
BNC
75 Ohm
< -15dB up to 1.5GHz
0 – 100 meters for SMPTE 292 or 372M, Belden 1694A
0 – 300 meters for all other standards, Belden 1694A
OUTPUT
800mV p-p +/-10%
BNC
75 Ohm
< -15dB up to 1.5GHz
<270psec
SIERRA VIDEO
7
Chapter
Warranty
A. General
Buyer assumes all responsibility for ascertaining the suitability of Sierra Video (hereinafter "SVS")
products for Buyer's intended use. No product sold by SVS is designed or manufactured for use
in any manner or under any conditions other than those described in SVS's instruction manuals
and other printed material for each particular product. If any product is used or applied in a
manner or under conditions not specifically authorized by such written materials or if any product
is used by unqualified or improperly trained personnel, Buyer agrees that SVS shall have no
liability of any kind arising from such use, and Buyer agrees to indemnify and hold SVS harmless
from any claims of third parties arising from such use, and Buyer shall provide SVS with counsel
of SVS's choice to defend against such claims.
B. Limited Warranty
1. This limited warranty applies only to the original purchaser and is non-transferable. This limited
warranty begins on the date of purchase and will be in effect for seven (7) years for new
equipment and for three (3) years for "Factory Refurbished" equipment. Power Supplies and fans
are warranted for three (3) years from the date of purchase for new equipment and two (2) years
for “Factory Refurbished” units, from the date of purchase.
Buyer must obtain a Return Material Authorization ("RMA") number from SVS prior to returning a
product for repair. If, in SVS' sole discretion, the product is found to be defective during the term
of this warranty, SVS will at its option: (a) provide free replacement parts, and/or (b) repair the
unit at an SVS facility. During the warranty period, SVS will make every reasonable effort to
support critical emergencies by supplying no-cost loan equipment while the defective unit is being
repaired. SVS will provide replacement parts and/or factory service at no charge. Buyer bears
the cost of shipping products returned to SVS under this warranty. SVS will bear the cost of
shipping repaired products or replacement parts to the Buyer.
This limited warranty shall not apply to any of SVS's goods which have been altered or which
have been subjected to misuse, mishandling, improper storage or negligence. The
aforementioned provisions do not extend the original warranty period of any goods which have
been replaced by SVS. This limited warranty shall not apply to any goods not of SVS's
manufacture, Buyer to be entitled only to the warranty set forth in the original manufacturer's
limited warranty.
49
SIERRA VIDEO
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE,
AND ALL OTHER OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES ON SVS'S PART.
SVS neither assumes nor authorizes any other person to assume for SVS any other liabilities in
connection with the sale of products of its own manufacture.
2. SVS's liability hereunder on any claim of any kind, except as set forth herein for any loss,
injury to person or property or damage, shall in no case exceed the price allocable to the goods
which give rise to such claim.
3. In no event shall SVS be liable for any damages or injuries to person or property if any
goods do not meet the above limited warranty, including, without limitation, incidental expenses or
consequential or special damages, except as set forth in such limited warranty. The foregoing
states the exclusive remedy of Buyer and the exclusive liability of SVS for any breach of the
foregoing limited warranty.
C. Cancellation
Except as provided in paragraph B immediately above, all sales are final, and Buyer may cancel
this order or return products only upon written consent of SVS.
D. General
In the event of a breach of any of the terms hereof, the non-breaching party shall be entitled to
recover all of its costs, fees, and expenses, including, without limitation, reasonable attorney's
fees, from the breach party incurred as a result of such breach, regardless of whether or not a
suit is actually filed to enforce the terms hereof.
The provision hereof shall be governed by the laws of the State of California (excluding its choice
of law provisions).
The headings are for convenience only and do not limit or amplify the terms and provisions
hereof.
In case any one or more of the provisions set forth herein shall be held to be invalid, illegal, or
unenforceable in any respect, the validity, legality, and enforceability of the remaining provisions
contained herein shall not in any way be affected or impaired thereby.
No waiver, alteration, or modification of any of the provisions hereof shall be binding unless in
writing and signed by an authorized Officer of SVS.
NOTE:
All products returned to SVS for service must have prior approval. Return authorization
requests may be obtained from your SVS dealer.
50