BENDIX M-21-M-22 ANTILOCK MOD ASSY Specifications

Maintenance Manual MM-0112
Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) and
Electronic Stability Controls (ESC)
For E Version ECUs
12-Volt and 24-Volt Systems
Revised 05-13
Service Notes
About This Manual
This manual contains maintenance procedures for Meritor WABCO’s
Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS), Roll Stability System (RSC),
Electronic Stability Controls (ESC) and Hill Start Aid (HSA).
Before You Begin
1.
Read and understand all instructions and procedures before
you begin to service components.
2.
Read and observe all Warning and Caution hazard alert
messages in this publication. They provide information that can
help prevent serious personal injury, damage to components,
or both.
3.
Follow your company’s maintenance and service, installation
and diagnostics guidelines.
4.
Use special tools when required to help avoid serious personal
injury and damage to components.
How to Obtain Additional Maintenance,
Service and Product Information
Visit Literature on Demand at meritor.com to access and order
additional information.
Contact the OnTrac Customer Service Center at 866-668-7221
(United States and Canada); 001-800-889-1834 (Mexico); or email
OnTrac@meritor.com.
If Tools and Supplies are Specified in
This Manual
Call Meritor’s Commercial Vehicle Aftermarket at 888-725-9355 to
obtain Meritor tools and supplies.
Hazard Alert Messages and Torque
Symbols
WARNING
A Warning alerts you to an instruction or procedure that you
must follow exactly to avoid serious personal injury and
damage to components.
CAUTION
A Caution alerts you to an instruction or procedure that you
must follow exactly to avoid damage to components.
@
This symbol alerts you to tighten fasteners to a specified torque
value.
Information contained in this publication was in effect at the time the publication
was approved for printing and is subject to change without notice or liability.
Meritor WABCO reserves the right to revise the information presented or to
discontinue the production of parts described at any time.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
Contents
pg. i
1
2
3
4
6
7
9
11
12
13
15
21
22
27
30
31
33
34
35
Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers
Section 1: Introduction
Contents
System Components
Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
Wheel Speed Sensing Systems
Pressure Modulator Valves
Active Braking Valves (ABV)
Brake Pressure Sensor (BPS)
Steering Angle Sensor (SAS)
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Module
Trailer Modulator Valve
Off-Road ABS Switch
ATC Switch
Blink Code Switch
System Configuration
pg. 37
Section 4: Component Replacement
38
39
40
41
43
44
45
46
Component Removal and Installation
Wheel Speed Sensors
Modulator Valves
Active Braking Valves (ABV)
ABS Valve Packages
Active Braking Valve on the ABS Valve Package
Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
Steering Angle Sensor (SAS) — Meritor WABCO Only
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Module
Brake Pressure Sensor
47
Section 5: System Configurations
System Configuration Layouts
49
Section 6: Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
ECU Connector Pin Assignments
Section 7: SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Section 2: Stability and Safety Enhancement
Systems
60
ATC
ATC Components
ATC Switch
Roll Stability Control (RSC)
RSC Components
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
ESC Components
Hill Start Aid (HSA)
HSA Components
84
Section 8: Appendix I
85
Reconfiguration Procedure
How to Reconfigure an ECU (E Version)
TOOLBOX™ Software
Manual Reconfiguration
87
Section 9: Appendix II
Section 3: Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and
Testing
General
Maintenance Information
ABS Indicator Lamp
Diagnostics
TOOLBOX™ Software Diagnostics
Blink Code Diagnostics (ABS Only)
Testing
Wheel Speed Sensor Testing
Modulator Valve Testing
Active Braking Valves (ABV) Testing
Brake Pressure Sensor Testing
ESC CAN Network Testing
ESC Module Testing
Steering Angle Sensor (SAS) Testing
ECU Circuit Testing
J1939 Serial Communications Testing
SPN SID FMI Fault Code List
ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure
Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers
ASBESTOS FIBERS WARNING
NON-ASBESTOS FIBERS WARNING
The following procedures for servicing brakes are recommended to reduce exposure to
asbestos fiber dust, a cancer and lung disease hazard. Material Safety Data Sheets are
available from Meritor.
The following procedures for servicing brakes are recommended to reduce exposure to
non-asbestos fiber dust, a cancer and lung disease hazard. Material Safety Data Sheets
are available from Meritor.
Hazard Summary
Hazard Summary
Because some brake linings contain asbestos, workers who service brakes must understand the
potential hazards of asbestos and precautions for reducing risks. Exposure to airborne asbestos
dust can cause serious and possibly fatal diseases, including asbestosis (a chronic lung disease)
and cancer, principally lung cancer and mesothelioma (a cancer of the lining of the chest or
abdominal cavities). Some studies show that the risk of lung cancer among persons who smoke
and who are exposed to asbestos is much greater than the risk for non-smokers. Symptoms of
these diseases may not become apparent for 15, 20 or more years after the first exposure to
asbestos.
Accordingly, workers must use caution to avoid creating and breathing dust when servicing brakes.
Specific recommended work practices for reducing exposure to asbestos dust follow. Consult your
employer for more details.
Most recently manufactured brake linings do not contain asbestos fibers. These brake linings may
contain one or more of a variety of ingredients, including glass fibers, mineral wool, aramid fibers,
ceramic fibers and silica that can present health risks if inhaled. Scientists disagree on the extent
of the risks from exposure to these substances. Nonetheless, exposure to silica dust can cause
silicosis, a non-cancerous lung disease. Silicosis gradually reduces lung capacity and efficiency
and can result in serious breathing difficulty. Some scientists believe other types of non-asbestos
fibers, when inhaled, can cause similar diseases of the lung. In addition, silica dust and ceramic
fiber dust are known to the State of California to cause lung cancer. U.S. and international
agencies have also determined that dust from mineral wool, ceramic fibers and silica are potential
causes of cancer.
Accordingly, workers must use caution to avoid creating and breathing dust when servicing brakes.
Specific recommended work practices for reducing exposure to non-asbestos dust follow. Consult
your employer for more details.
Recommended Work Practices
Recommended Work Practices
1. Separate Work Areas. Whenever feasible, service brakes in a separate area away from other
operations to reduce risks to unprotected persons. OSHA has set a maximum allowable level of
exposure for asbestos of 0.1 f/cc as an 8-hour time-weighted average and 1.0 f/cc averaged over
a 30-minute period. Scientists disagree, however, to what extent adherence to the maximum
allowable exposure levels will eliminate the risk of disease that can result from inhaling asbestos
dust. OSHA requires that the following sign be posted at the entrance to areas where exposures
exceed either of the maximum allowable levels:
DANGER: ASBESTOS
CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD
AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY
RESPIRATORS AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
ARE REQUIRED IN THIS AREA.
2. Respiratory Protection. Wear a respirator equipped with a high-efficiency (HEPA) filter
approved by NIOSH or MSHA for use with asbestos at all times when servicing brakes, beginning
with the removal of the wheels.
3. Procedures for Servicing Brakes.
a. Enclose the brake assembly within a negative pressure enclosure. The enclosure should be
equipped with a HEPA vacuum and worker arm sleeves. With the enclosure in place, use the
HEPA vacuum to loosen and vacuum residue from the brake parts.
b. As an alternative procedure, use a catch basin with water and a biodegradable,
non-phosphate, water-based detergent to wash the brake drum or rotor and other brake
parts. The solution should be applied with low pressure to prevent dust from becoming
airborne. Allow the solution to flow between the brake drum and the brake support or the
brake rotor and caliper. The wheel hub and brake assembly components should be thoroughly
wetted to suppress dust before the brake shoes or brake pads are removed. Wipe the brake
parts clean with a cloth.
c. If an enclosed vacuum system or brake washing equipment is not available, employers may
adopt their own written procedures for servicing brakes, provided that the exposure levels
associated with the employer’s procedures do not exceed the levels associated with the
enclosed vacuum system or brake washing equipment. Consult OSHA regulations for more
details.
d. Wear a respirator equipped with a HEPA filter approved by NIOSH or MSHA for use with
asbestos when grinding or machining brake linings. In addition, do such work in an area with
a local exhaust ventilation system equipped with a HEPA filter.
e. NEVER use compressed air by itself, dry brushing, or a vacuum not equipped with a HEPA
filter when cleaning brake parts or assemblies. NEVER use carcinogenic solvents, flammable
solvents, or solvents that can damage brake components as wetting agents.
4. Cleaning Work Areas. Clean work areas with a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter or by wet
wiping. NEVER use compressed air or dry sweeping to clean work areas. When you empty vacuum
cleaners and handle used rags, wear a respirator equipped with a HEPA filter approved by NIOSH
or MSHA for use with asbestos. When you replace a HEPA filter, wet the filter with a fine mist of
water and dispose of the used filter with care.
5. Worker Clean-Up. After servicing brakes, wash your hands before you eat, drink or smoke.
Shower after work. Do not wear work clothes home. Use a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter to
vacuum work clothes after they are worn. Launder them separately. Do not shake or use
compressed air to remove dust from work clothes.
6. Waste Disposal. Dispose of discarded linings, used rags, cloths and HEPA filters with care,
such as in sealed plastic bags. Consult applicable EPA, state and local regulations on waste
disposal.
1. Separate Work Areas. Whenever feasible, service brakes in a separate area away from other
operations to reduce risks to unprotected persons.
2. Respiratory Protection. OSHA has set a maximum allowable level of exposure for silica of
0.1 mg/m3 as an 8-hour time-weighted average. Some manufacturers of non-asbestos brake
linings recommend that exposures to other ingredients found in non-asbestos brake linings be
kept below 1.0 f/cc as an 8-hour time-weighted average. Scientists disagree, however, to what
extent adherence to these maximum allowable exposure levels will eliminate the risk of disease
that can result from inhaling non-asbestos dust.
Therefore, wear respiratory protection at all times during brake servicing, beginning with the
removal of the wheels. Wear a respirator equipped with a high-efficiency (HEPA) filter approved by
NIOSH or MSHA, if the exposure levels may exceed OSHA or manufacturers’ recommended
maximum levels. Even when exposures are expected to be within the maximum allowable levels,
wearing such a respirator at all times during brake servicing will help minimize exposure.
3. Procedures for Servicing Brakes.
a. Enclose the brake assembly within a negative pressure enclosure. The enclosure should be
equipped with a HEPA vacuum and worker arm sleeves. With the enclosure in place, use the
HEPA vacuum to loosen and vacuum residue from the brake parts.
b. As an alternative procedure, use a catch basin with water and a biodegradable,
non-phosphate, water-based detergent to wash the brake drum or rotor and other brake
parts. The solution should be applied with low pressure to prevent dust from becoming
airborne. Allow the solution to flow between the brake drum and the brake support or the
brake rotor and caliper. The wheel hub and brake assembly components should be thoroughly
wetted to suppress dust before the brake shoes or brake pads are removed. Wipe the brake
parts clean with a cloth.
c. If an enclosed vacuum system or brake washing equipment is not available, carefully clean
the brake parts in the open air. Wet the parts with a solution applied with a pump-spray bottle
that creates a fine mist. Use a solution containing water, and, if available, a biodegradable,
non-phosphate, water-based detergent. The wheel hub and brake assembly components
should be thoroughly wetted to suppress dust before the brake shoes or brake pads are
removed. Wipe the brake parts clean with a cloth.
d. Wear a respirator equipped with a HEPA filter approved by NIOSH or MSHA when grinding or
machining brake linings. In addition, do such work in an area with a local exhaust ventilation
system equipped with a HEPA filter.
e. NEVER use compressed air by itself, dry brushing, or a vacuum not equipped with a HEPA
filter when cleaning brake parts or assemblies. NEVER use carcinogenic solvents, flammable
solvents, or solvents that can damage brake components as wetting agents.
4. Cleaning Work Areas. Clean work areas with a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter or by wet
wiping. NEVER use compressed air or dry sweeping to clean work areas. When you empty vacuum
cleaners and handle used rags, wear a respirator equipped with a HEPA filter approved by NIOSH
or MSHA, to minimize exposure. When you replace a HEPA filter, wet the filter with a fine mist of
water and dispose of the used filter with care.
5. Worker Clean-Up. After servicing brakes, wash your hands before you eat, drink or smoke.
Shower after work. Do not wear work clothes home. Use a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter to
vacuum work clothes after they are worn. Launder them separately. Do not shake or use
compressed air to remove dust from work clothes.
6. Waste Disposal. Dispose of discarded linings, used rags, cloths and HEPA filters with care,
such as in sealed plastic bags. Consult applicable EPA, state and local regulations on waste
disposal.
Regulatory Guidance
Regulatory Guidance
References to OSHA, NIOSH, MSHA, and EPA, which are regulatory agencies in the United States,
are made to provide further guidance to employers and workers employed within the United States.
Employers and workers employed outside of the United States should consult the regulations that
apply to them for further guidance.
References to OSHA, NIOSH, MSHA, and EPA, which are regulatory agencies in the United States,
are made to provide further guidance to employers and workers employed within the United States.
Employers and workers employed outside of the United States should consult the regulations that
apply to them for further guidance.
i
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
1 Introduction
Contents
System Components
This manual contains service information for the following systems.
Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
1 Introduction
앫 E version Meritor WABCO Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS)
앫 Automatic Traction Control (ATC)
앫 Roll Stability Control (RSC)
앫 Electronic Stability Controls (ESC) for trucks, tractors and buses
The ABS version is marked on the ECU. Figure 1.1. If you cannot
identify the ECU version installed on your vehicle, contact Meritor
WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221).
The ECU is the control center or “brain” of the ABS, RSC and ESC
systems. It receives information from the sensors, processes data
and sends signals to modulators and active braking valves to
achieve different tasks. Depending on the system and vehicle
configuration, ECUs are available for cab- or frame-mounted
applications and are divided into Basic Cab, Universal Cab, Frame
and Advance Frame models. RSC and ESC systems are only
available on universal and advance frame ECUs. Figure 1.2.
Figure 1.2
Figure 1.1
UNIVERSAL
ECU
FRAME-MOUNTED
ECU
4010603a
BASIC
ECU
Figure 1.1
Figure 1.2
For Additional Information
Diagnostic and testing procedures for other ECU versions can be
found in the following manuals.
앫 C version ECUs — Maintenance Manual 28, Anti-Lock Braking
Systems (ABS) for Trucks, Tractors and Buses
앫 D version ECUs — Maintenance Manual 30, Anti-Lock Braking
Systems (ABS) for Trucks, Tractors and Buses
Refer to the following manuals for Trailer ABS diagnostics and
information.
4003974a
Wheel Speed Sensing Systems
Wheel speed sensing systems consist of a tooth wheel mounted on
the hub or rotor of each monitored wheel and a speed sensor
installed with its end against the tooth wheel. The sensor
continuously sends wheel speed information to the ECU. A sensor
clip holds the sensor in place and against the tooth wheel.
Figure 1.3.
Figure 1.3
SENSOR
앫 Maintenance Manual 33, Easy-Stop™ Trailer ABS
앫 Maintenance Manual MM-0180, Enhanced Easy-Stop™ Trailer
ABS with PLC
TOOTH
WHEEL
SENSOR
CLIP
1002009b
Figure 1.3
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
1
1 Introduction
The type of axle determines sensor mounting location.
Figure 1.6
앫 Steering axle sensors are installed in the steering knuckle or in a
bolted-on bracket.
앫 Drive axle sensors are mounted in a block attached to the axle
housing or in a bolted-on bracket.
Check the wheel speed sensors for correct alignment and
adjustment. Apply lubricant to the sensor and sensor clip whenever
wheel-end maintenance is performed. Make sure tooth wheels are
free of contaminants. Refer to Section 3 and Section 4 for more
information.
Pressure Modulator Valves
1003359a
Figure 1.6
Easy Listening Tip!
A modulator valve controls air pressure to an affected wheel-end
brake during an ABS, RSC or ESC event to reduce speed and
prevent wheel lock up. Modulator valves are also used during ATC
events to properly gain traction on the affected wheel end.
Figure 1.4.
Figure 1.4
AIR OUT
(PORT 2)
AIR IN
(PORT 1)
BAYONET-STYLE
CONNECTOR
PRODUCT
IDENTIFICATION TAG
4003992b
Figure 1.4
A modulator valve is usually located on a frame rail or cross member
near the brake chamber or as part of a valve package. A valve
package combines two modulator valves, a service relay
(Figure 1.5) or quick release valve (Figure 1.6), and depending on
the vehicle configuration, an active braking valve (ABV).
Figure 1.5
xxxxx
xxxxx xxxxx
xxxxx
1002011a
Figure 1.5
2
001 20/98
472 500 30. 0
MADE IN GERMANY
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
To ensure the ABS valves are working — just listen! Figure 1.7.
1.
Apply the brakes.
2.
Turn on the ignition.
3.
Wait for the ABS indicator lamp to come on.
1 Introduction
Figure 1.7
Figure 1.8
CAB
3
1
4M CHANNEL
CURBSIDE
SOLENOID VALVE
(ACTIVE BRAKING VALVE)
2
CABLE
4007846a
4
Figure 1.8
Brake Pressure Sensor (BPS)
CAB
4
The brake pressure sensor or BPS is part of the RSC, ESC and HSA
system. It provides the system with the driver’s brake demand. The
sensor can be located in the primary or secondary delivery circuit
depending on the application. Figure 1.9.
1
6M CHANNEL
Figure 1.9
CURBSIDE
2
5
3
6
1002006d
Figure 1.7
4006870a
NOTE: In previous versions of ABS, the valves are cycled
diagonally. Diagonal cycling does not occur with E version ABS.
Active Braking Valves (ABV)
Active Braking Valves, sometimes referred as ABVs or 3/2 valve, are
solenoid valves used for active braking during ATC, RSC or ESC
events. Depending on system configurations, ABVs can be located
in the front axle braking system, rear axle braking system and/or the
trailer service brake system. Figure 1.8.
Figure 1.9
Steering Angle Sensor (SAS)
The steering angle sensor (SAS) is part of the ESC system. The SAS
delivers the driver’s steering input (steering wheel position) to the
ECU using a dedicated ESC system internal data link. The ECU
supplies the sensor with voltage and ground. The SAS must be
calibrated using diagnostic tools whenever it is replaced, or when
any vehicle steering components are replaced or adjusted. Refer to
Section 8. Figure 1.10.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3
1 Introduction
Off-Road ABS Switch
Figure 1.10
On some vehicles, an off-road ABS switch can be included. The
off-road ABS function improves vehicle control and helps reduce
stopping distances in off-road conditions or on poor traction
surfaces such as loose gravel, sand and dirt.
ATC Switch
4006873a
A vehicle manufacturer might offer an ATC switch to control the ATC
function. Depending on the vehicle ECU configuration for the switch,
there are two function options.
앫 Deep snow and mud option
Figure 1.10
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Module
The ESC module is part of the ESC system. It measures the vehicle
yaw rate as well as vehicle lateral acceleration. The ESC module
includes part of the ESC control algorithm. It exchanges data with
the ECU via the ESC system internal data link. The ECU supplies the
module with voltage and ground. The ESC module must be
initialized by diagnostic tools whenever the ECU or the ESC module
are replaced. Refer to Section 8. Figure 1.11.
앫 ATC momentary override option
Refer to Section 2 for more information regarding these features.
Blink Code Switch
A vehicle manufacturer might offer a Blink Code switch to obtain
simple troubleshooting information. Refer to Section 3 for more
information about Blink Codes.
System Configuration
Figure 1.11
The system configuration is defined by the number of wheel end
sensors and modulator valves. There are three common system
configurations used with E version ECUs. Refer to Section 5 for more
system configurations.
WARNING
앫 4S/4M (4 wheel speed sensors, 4 modulator valves)
ATE
R RELOC
OVE O
DO NOT M
앫 6S/4M (6 wheel speed sensors, 4 modulator valves)
앫 6S/6M (6 wheel speed sensors, 6 modulator valves)
4010604a
Figure 1.11
Trailer Modulator Valve
In some stability control applications, an additional modulator valve
(the same as what is used for ABS modulation) will be located in the
trailer control line downstream of the 3/2 solenoid valve used to
control the trailer.
4
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
Each system configuration can have features such as ATC, HSA,
RSC or ESC. See Figure 1.12 and Figure 1.13 for an example.
1 Introduction
Figure 1.12
WHEEL SPEED
SENSORS
4S/4M CONFIGURATION — ABS ONLY
ABS
MODULATOR
VALVES
LAMPS
ECU
RELAY
VALVE
ABS
MODULATOR
VALVE
WHEEL SPEED
SENSORS
QUICK
RELEASE
VALVE
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
ABS
MODULATOR
VALVE
1002004h
Figure 1.12
Figure 1.13
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
4S/4M ABS/ATC
LAMPS
ATC VALVE
AIR LINES
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
LAMPS (UP TO
THREE: ABS,
TRAILER ABS, ATC)
1002004g
Figure 1.13
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
5
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
ATC
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
Automatic traction control is available as an option on all E version
ECUs and is standard on most. ATC helps improve traction in low
traction road conditions. ATC reduces the potential of jackknifing
caused by excessive wheel spin during acceleration or in curves.
ATC works automatically in two different ways.
When installed with individual modulator valves, the active braking
valve is mounted on the frame or cross member, near the rear of the
vehicle.
When it is part of the rear valve package, the active braking valve is
attached to the relay valve. Figure 2.2.
Figure 2.2
A.
When one drive wheel is spinning at a different speed than the
other, ATC momentarily applies the brake until traction is
regained.
B.
When both drive wheels are spinning on a poor-traction
surface, ATC automatically reduces engine power to attain
optimum tire-to-road traction.
ATC will automatically turn on and off. Driver input is not required to
turn this feature on. If the vehicle experiences a traction control
event, the ATC indicator lamp will come on, indicating ATC is active.
The light turns off when the event has ended. Figure 2.1.
4010605a
Figure 2.2
Figure 2.1
ATC Switch
EXCESSIVE WHEEL
SPIN ATC
OPERATIONAL
(ATC LAMP COMES ON)
If the vehicle manufacturer offers an ATC switch to control the ATC
functionality, there are two common types of configuration settings
as follows.
앫 Deep snow and mud option: This function helps to increase
available traction on extra soft surfaces like snow, mud or gravel,
by slightly increasing the permissible wheel spin.
NORMAL
VEHICLE
OPERATION
(ATC LAMP IS OFF)
WHEELS
STOP
SPINNING
(ATC LAMP GOES OUT)
1002015a
Figure 2.1
NOTE: Some vehicle manufacturers may refer to ATC as Anti-Spin
Regulation (ASR).
If ATC is installed, there will be an indicator lamp on the vehicle dash
or instrument panel marked ATC, ASR, or potentially Stability
Control, depending on the application.
ATC Components
ATC uses the base ABS components plus an active braking valve
that can be installed with individual modulator valves, or installed as
part of the rear valve package.
6
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
앫 ATC momentary override option: This function allows the
driver to momentarily disable/override ATC for the duration of the
key cycle.
When either option is in use, the ATC indicator lamp blinks
continuously to inform the driver. Figure 2.3.
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
RSC Components
Figure 2.3
RSC uses many of the same components used by ABS/ATC
including modulator valves, active braking valves and wheel speed
sensors. RSC ECUs are different from ABS ECUs as they contain an
internal accelerometer that measures and updates the lateral
acceleration of the vehicle and compares it to a critical threshold at
which rollover may occur.
Depending on the vehicle manufacturer, RSC ECUs have orientation
on the XX/YY or ZZ axis. For correct operation and the best
performance, verify the ECU is correctly leveled and securely
mounted. Figure 2.4, Figure 2.5 and Figure 2.6.
Figure 2.4
Z ± 2°
1002018a
Figure 2.3
+92°
Y -2°
Switch and lamp locations as well as ATC switch configuration will
vary depending on the vehicle make and model. Please check with
the vehicle manufacturer for correct information.
Here’s how the ATC switch works.
Function
Driver Action
System
Response
Press ATC switch
ATC lamp blinks
continuously
Press ATC switch
again
ATC lamp stops
blinking
Active
X ± 2°
Not
Active
DRIVING
DIRECTION
X
XX Orientation
4010606a
X
Figure 2.4
NOTE: Turning off the ignition will also deactivate either ATC
function.
Roll Stability Control (RSC)
Roll stability control is an option designed to assist drivers in
managing the conditions that may result in vehicle rollovers. When
RSC senses conditions that may result in a rollover, it may reduce
engine torque, engage the engine retarder, apply pressure to the
drive axle brakes and may modulate the trailer brakes to slow the
vehicle down. Depending on the application and vehicle
configuration, the steer axle brakes may be applied as well.
Similar to ATC, RSC works automatically. The driver does not have to
select this feature.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
7
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
When operating the vehicle, always use safe driving techniques. The
driver is always the most important factor in safe vehicle operation.
Figure 2.5
Z ± 2°
Y ± 2°
+2° ± 90°
DRIVING
DIRECTION
ZZ Orientation
4010607a
Figure 2.5
Figure 2.6
0° ± 2°
Z
0° ± 92°
X
DRIVING
DIRECTION
YY Orientation
4010608a
Figure 2.6
Certain vehicle configurations can have an additional active braking
valve for trailer service brakes, an active braking valve for front axle
brakes and a brake pressure sensor.
The active braking valve for trailer braking is a stand-alone valve
that is not available as part of the ABS/ATC valve package.
Depending on the application, a modulator valve may be located
downstream of the solenoid valve. Figure 2.7.
NOTE: RSC helps reduce the tendency of the vehicle to roll over
when cornering or changing directions, however, IT CAN NOT
PREVENT ALL ROLLOVERS FROM OCCURRING.
8
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
Figure 2.7
4S/4M RSC/ATC
(ALSO AVAILABLE IN
6S CONFIGURATIONS)
TRAILER STABILITY
CONTROL
MODULATOR
(OPTIONAL)
TRACTOR
PROTECTION
VALVE
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
TRAILER ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
LAMPS
PRESSURE
SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
FRONT AXLE
ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
(OPTIONAL)
ATC VALVE
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
4007813a
Figure 2.7
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
ESC Components
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) combines the rollover prevention of
Roll Stability Control (RSC) with directional stability in order to keep
the vehicle traveling on its intended path by providing spinout and
drift out control.
ESC is built from the ABS platform and uses many of the same
components as ATC and RSC. An active braking valve to control the
front axle brakes, a pressure sensor, an ESC module and a Steering
Angle Sensor (SAS) are required in addition to the components
necessary for RSC. Figure 2.8 and Figure 2.9. These components
are also described in the following section.
Like RSC, ESC is automatic. It becomes active when the system
senses imminent directional or roll instabilities, often before the
driver is aware. You will notice a difference in the vehicle when
stability control is functioning, but you should continue to drive as
normal and provide any additional needed corrections.
You may again notice a reduction in engine torque and additional
deceleration from the retarder, if so equipped. You also may notice
individual or all brakes applying depending on whether the vehicle is
in a roll or directional control event.
Note that for ESC applications on a non-towing vehicle (straight
truck), the trailer active braking valve is not required.
The ESC ECU is available in both Cab- and Frame-mounted
versions. The Universal Cab-Mounted ECU with ESC is an upgraded
version of the current Universal ABS ECU with a fourth connector
containing the necessary inputs/outputs required for full stability
control. The Frame-Mounted Advance ECU with ESC is an upgraded
version of the current ABS Frame-Mounted ECU with six additional
pins on both the X1 and X2 connectors of the ECU. These ECUs
support 4S4M, 6S4M and 6S6M vehicle configurations and are
compatible with 12V electrical systems. For pinout information, refer
to Section 6 of this manual.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
9
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
The ESC ECU contains parameter settings which are specific to a
vehicle configuration validated by Meritor WABCO Engineering. It is
imperative that the correct ECU is installed on your vehicle in
service. Contact Meritor WABCO or your respective vehicle OEM
with any questions regarding ESC ECU. Figure 2.8 and Figure 2.9.
Figure 2.8
Z
± 5°
-5°
+2°
Y -2°
+2°
X -2°
4010609a
Figure 2.8
NOTE: ESC modules are installed by the OEM close to the vehicle
center of gravity. Depending on the vehicle manufacturer, the ESC
module might face towards the front of the vehicle or rear. For
correct operation and the best performance, verify the ESC module
is correctly leveled and securely mounted according to OEM
specifications. Do not move the module to a different location as this
will affect the system performance.
10
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
2 Stability and Safety Enhancement Systems
Figure 2.9
TRAILER STABILITY
CONTROL
MODULATOR
(OPTIONAL)
4S/4M ESC/ATC
(ALSO AVAILABLE IN
6S CONFIGURATIONS)
TRACTOR
PROTECTION
VALVE
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
TRAILER ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
ESC
MODULE
LAMPS
PRESSURE
SENSOR
SAS
ATC VALVE
FRONT AXLE
ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
4007814a
Figure 2.9
Hill Start Aid (HSA)
Hill Start Aid (HSA) supports select automated manual transmissions
in reducing/eliminating the rolling back of the vehicle while
launching on a grade. When requested from the transmission, HSA
holds pressure in the service brakes of all axles of the towing vehicle
when the vehicle is standing still. HSA will hold pressure for a
maximum of three seconds following full release of the brake pedal.
Communication between the transmission and the ECU takes place
via the J1939 data link.
HSA Components
The vehicle manufacturer can provide an HSA switch multiplexed
through the dashboard or hard wired for momentary HSA
deactivation.
An HSA lamp, either hard wired or multiplexed, provides the driver
with a visual indication of system deactivation and/or active fault. If
the lamp is hard wired, it must be an incandescent lamp or LED with
a resistor to prevent the ECU from setting a fault code.
A failure detected on any of these components will lead to no HSA
availability. To troubleshoot the HSA, refer to Section 3 –
Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing.
HSA is available on ABS ECUs with E4.4 software revision or higher.
Same as ESC, HSA is built from the ABS platform and uses many of
the same components as ATC and RSC. HSA uses the front axle
active braking valve as well as the rear active braking valve to help
maintain the pressure trapped during HSA activation.
A pressure sensor provides the system with the driver’s brake
demand. The measured pressure is used by HSA to set the trapped
pressure and/or activate the HSA function.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
11
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
앫 If the vehicle is equipped with ATC and RSC/ESC, when the
ignition is turned to the ON position, the ABS and ATC/RSC/ESC
will both light but the ATC/RSC/ESC lamp will stay lit briefly after
the ABS lamp goes out.
General
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Maintenance Information
There is no regularly scheduled maintenance required for the
Meritor WABCO ABS, ATC, RSC or ESC systems. However, this does
not change current vehicle maintenance requirements.
앫 Lamp Check: To ensure the ABS tractor lamp is operating,
drivers should check the lamp every time the vehicle is started.
When the vehicle is started, the ABS lamp should come on
momentarily. If it does not come on, it could mean a burned-out
bulb.
Figure 3.2
ABS
ATC
ABS
ATC
ABS
ATC
ABS
ATC
앫 ABS Wheel Speed Sensors: Check the wheel speed sensor
adjustment and lubricate the sensor and sensor clip whenever
wheel-end maintenance is performed. Use only Meritor
WABCO-recommended lubricant, as specified in Section 4.
ABS Indicator Lamp
Two ABS indicator lamps, one for tractor and one for trailer, let
drivers know the status of the system. Figure 3.1. The tractor ABS
lamp is also used to display tractor blink code diagnostics. The
location of the ABS indicator lamps varies depending on the make
and model of the vehicle.
Both lamps come
on at ignition ON
and turn off after
approximately three
seconds. Vehicle
equipped with
ABS and ATC.
Both lamps come
on at ignition ON.
ATC/RSC/ESC lamp
stays on briefly after
ABS lamp goes out.
Vehicle equipped
with ABS, ATC
and RSC/ESC.
4005299d
Figure 3.1
Figure 3.2
The ABS indicator lamp works as follows:
NOTE: If the ECU senses a tractor ABS fault during normal vehicle
operation, the ABS indicator lamp will come on and stay on.
1002000a
Figure 3.1
ATC and RSC/ESC functions may share the same dash indicator
lamp. Therefore, understanding how the ABS and ATC/RSC/ESC
lamps work is very important.
앫 If the vehicle is equipped with ATC, but not RSC/ESC, when the
ignition is turned to the ON position, the ABS and ATC lamps will
light for approximately three seconds, and then both lamps will
turn off simultaneously. Figure 3.2.
12
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Ignition ON
OFF
Normal Operation
ABS lamp comes on at ignition
momentarily for a bulb check,
then goes out.
System is OK.
After servicing ABS
components
ABS lamp does not go out at
ignition.
When vehicle is driven at speeds
above 4 mph (6 km/h), lamp
goes out. System is OK.
Off-road ABS operation. Refer
to the off-road ABS information
in this section.
ABS lamp flashes during
vehicle operation.
The vehicle’s normal ABS
function is being modified due to
road conditions.
Existing fault or lamp issue
ABS lamp does not go out at
ignition.
Lamp does not go out at speeds
above 4 mph (6 km/h) — a fault
may exist in the ABS system or
lamp is permanently shorted.
ON
1002005a
앫 Attach the USB/serial cable from your computer’s USB or
serial port to the adapter.
Diagnostics
Use any of the following methods to diagnose E version ECUs:
앫 Meritor Wabco TOOLBOX™ Software, a PC-based diagnostic
and testing program that runs in Microsoft Windows XP, Vista
or Windows 7 operating system.
앫 Attach the Deutsch diagnostic cable from the adapter to the
vehicle. Figure 3.3.
Figure 3.3
앫 Blink Codes. Refer to the information in this section.
USB OR
SERIAL CABLE
앫 OEM Diagnostic Displays. Refer to the vehicle operator’s manual.
If you have any questions about system diagnostics, please contact
the Meritor Wabco OnTrac Customer Service Center at 866-OnTrac1
(668-7221).
TOOLBOX™ Software Diagnostics
TO VEHICLE
DEUTCH
CONNECTOR
For complete instructions for installing and using TOOLBOX™
Software, refer to the User’s Manual posted on meritorwabco.com.
Meritor WABCO TOOLBOX™ Software provides computer-based
diagnostic capabilities for the complete range of Meritor WABCO
vehicle control systems. The program provides the following
functions:
앫 Displays both static (e.g., ECU number) and dynamic (e.g.,
RPMs) information from the system under test.
앫 Displays both active and stored system faults, as well as the
appropriate repair instructions.
앫 Activates system components to verify system integrity, correct
component operation and installation wiring.
To display E version ABS, RSC, ESC or HSA faults:
1.
ADAPTER
4010610a
Figure 3.3
2.
Select the TOOLBOX™ Software icon from the desktop or from
the Windows Start Menu to display the Main Menu.
3.
Depending on the software version used, there will be two
options to communicate with the vehicle:
앫 If using TOOLBOX™ 11 or higher and a vehicle with
Software ECU E4.4b or higher, diagnostics over J1939
communications can be possible. Figure 3.4.
앫 J1708 communications are possible with any TOOLBOX™
Software version and any D or E Version ECU. Figure 3.5.
Connect the computer to the vehicle:
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
13
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
NOTE: When switching between J1939 and J1708
communications, vehicle ignition must be cycled between
sessions to correctly communicate with ECU.
Figure 3.6
Figure 3.4
4010613a
Figure 3.6
4010611a
Figure 3.7
Figure 3.4
Figure 3.5
4010612a
4010614a
Figure 3.5
Figure 3.7
4.
14
In the Main Menu, select J1939 Tractor ABS or J1708
TOOLBOX™, then Tractor ABS. The ABS Main Screen will
appear. Figure 3.6 and Figure 3.7.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
5.
Select Display from the top menu.
6.
From the pull-down menu, select Faults or Diagnostic
Trouble Codes. This will open the Fault Information screen.
Figure 3.8 and Figure 3.9.
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Double-clicking on the fault, or clicking on Details, will provide
troubleshooting and detailed repair instructions. TOOLBOX™
Software version 11 also provides links to the appropriate
system schematic which are also provided in this maintenance
manual.
Figure 3.8
NOTE: If you are using TOOLBOX™ Software version 11,
Internet Explorer is required to load files containing repair
information, maintenance manual and schematics.
Faults that may occur after the screen is displayed will not
appear until screen is manually updated. Use the Update
button to refresh the fault information table.
4010615a
Figure 3.8
Figure 3.9
After making the necessary repairs, use the clear faults
button to clear the fault. Use the Update button to refresh the
fault information table and display the new list of faults. Some
faults may require vehicle ignition to be cycled and vehicle
speed over 4 mph (6.4 kph) to clear them.
Use the Save or Print button to save or print the fault
information data.
Blink Code Diagnostics (ABS Only)
Definitions
Blink codes can be used to obtain fault information for ABS
components, however, due to the advanced level of complexity of
ESC, RSC and HSA, it is recommended to use Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software for detailed troubleshooting of any of these
systems.
Before using blink code diagnostics, you should be familiar with a
few basic terms. If you used previous versions of Meritor WABCO’s
blink code diagnostics, review these definitions to identify major
changes.
4010616a
Figure 3.9
7.
A description of the fault, the number of times the fault
occurred, the system identifier (SID), the failure mode (FMI) and
Suspect Parameter Number (SPN) are all displayed in the fault
information window. Basic repair instructions for each fault are
also provided. More detailed information about SID and FMI
troubleshooting and repair is provided in the following section
as well as the SID FMI table.
ABS Indicator Lamp: This lamp serves two purposes: it alerts
drivers to an ABS tractor fault and it is used during diagnostics to
display the blink code.
Blink Code: A series of blinks or flashes that describe a particular
ABS fault or condition. Codes are displayed in two-digit blink codes.
Blink Code Cycle: Two sets of flashes with each set separated by a
one-and-one-half second pause. Blink codes are defined in the blink
code identification information in this section.
Blink Code Switch: A momentary switch that activates blink code
diagnostic capabilities. Switch types and locations vary, depending
on the make and model of the vehicle.
Clear: The process of erasing faults from the ECU.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
15
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Diagnostics: The process of using blink codes to determine ABS
faults.
If you do not receive eight flashes, there are still active faults that
must be repaired before they can be cleared.
Fault: An ABS malfunction detected and stored in memory by the
Meritor WABCO ECU. System faults may be Active or Stored.
NOTE: The clear mode is also used to disable the ATC function.
Active Fault: A condition that currently exists in the ABS; for
example: A sensor circuit malfunctions on the left front steering
axle. An active fault must be repaired before it can be cleared from
memory — and before you can display additional blink code faults.
Stored Fault: There are two types of stored faults:
A.
A repaired active fault that has not been cleared from the
ECU.
B.
A fault that occurred but no longer exists. For example, a
loose wire that makes intermittent contact. Because stored
faults are not currently active, they do not have to be repaired
before they can be cleared from memory.
Meritor WABCO recommends you keep a record of these faults for
future reference.
System Configuration Code: One-digit code displayed during the
clear mode. Blink codes for common ABS configurations are shown
in Figure 3.10.
Figure 3.10
NUMBER OF
FLASHES
ABS
CONFIGURATION
6S/6M - 6x2
6S/6M - 6x4
4S/4M
6S/4M
1002020c
Figure 3.10
Clear Mode
To erase faults from the ECU, you must be in the clear mode. To
enter the clear mode, press and hold the blink code switch for at
least three seconds, then release.
If the system displays eight quick flashes followed by a system
configuration code, the clear was successful. Stored ABS faults
have been cleared from memory.
16
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Table A: Troubleshooting with Blink Code Diagnostics
Procedure
System Response
Action
Diagnostics Mode
Step I.
Possible responses:
Turn ignition ON.
ABS indicator lamp comes on momentarily then
goes out, indicating System OK.
No recognizable active faults in the ABS. No action
required.
ABS indicator lamp does not light, indicating
possible wiring fault or burned-out bulb.
Inspect wiring. Inspect bulb. Make necessary repairs.
ABS indicator lamp stays on, indicating:
Step II.
Press and hold Blink Code
Switch for one second, then
release.
앫 Fault, or faults, in the system.
Continue with blink code diagnostics. (Go to Step II.)
앫 Sensor fault during last operation.
Continue with blink code diagnostics. (Go to Step II.)
앫 Faults cleared from ECU, but vehicle not
driven.
Drive vehicle — lamp will go out when vehicle
reaches 4 mph (6 km/h).
앫 ECU disconnected.
Connect ECU.
ABS indicator lamp begins flashing two-digit blink
code(s).
Determine if fault is active or stored:
Active Fault: Lamp will repeatedly display one code.
Stored Fault: Lamp will display code for each stored
fault then stop blinking. Faults will be displayed one
time only.
Step III.
First Digit: 1-8 flashes, Pause (1-1/2 seconds)
Count the flashes to
determine the blink code.
Second Digit: 1-6 flashes, Pause (4 seconds)
Step IV.
Active Fault
Make the necessary repairs. Repeat Step 1, Step II
and Step III until System OK, code (1-1) received.
Stored Fault
Record for future reference.
Turn ignition OFF.
Repair and record faults.
Find definition for blink code on blink code chart.
NOTE: Last fault stored is first fault displayed.
Clear Mode
Step V.
ABS indicator lamp flashes eight times.
Turn ignition ON.
Clear Faults from memory:
Press and hold blink code
switch for at least three
seconds, then release.
All stored faults successfully cleared.
Turn ignition OFF.
Eight flashes not received.
Active faults still exist, repeat Step I through Step V.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
17
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Blink Code Illustrations
Figure 3.11
1 Second
Hold
Active Fault
1-8 Flashes
1-6 Flashes
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
1.5 s
1.5 s
4s
1.5 s
Light ON
1st Digit
2nd Digit
(2)
(3)
Continues until
ignition is turned off
Repeat of Blink Code
(3)
(2)
Example:
Blink Code 2-3: Fault in ABS modulator
valve, right rear drive axle.
1 Second
Hold
Off
Stored Faults
Pause
Pause
Pause
1.5 s
1.5 s
4s
Light ON
1st Digit
2nd Digit
Pause
1.5 s
1st Digit
1st Stored Fault
(5)
(2)
Displays all stored
faults once—last fault
stored is displayed first
2nd Digit
2nd Stored Fault
(3)
(4)
Example:
Blink Code 5-2: Sensor signal erratic,
left front steer axle.
3-4: Too much sensor gap,
left rear drive axle.
1 Second
Hold
System OK
Pause
Pause
1.5 s
1.5 s
Light ON
(1)
Blink Code 1-1: System OK
(1)
S = Seconds
1002021b
Figure 3.11
18
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.12
Note: After faults are cleared and
vehicle is started, ABS lamp will stay
on until vehicle is driven over 4 mph (6 km/h).
3 Second
Hold
Faults Cleared
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
1.5 s
4s
4s
4s
4s
Light ON
8 Quick Blinks = Faults Cleared
SYSTEM ID
(2)
SYSTEM ID
(2)
SYSTEM ID
(2)
Continues
until ignition
is turned off
SYSTEM ID
(2)
System Configuration Code 2: 4S/4M System
3 Second
Hold
Faults Not Cleared (Active Faults Still Exist)
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
4s
4s
4s
4s
Light ON
SYSTEM ID
(2)
SYSTEM ID
(2)
SYSTEM ID
(2)
Continues until ignition
is turned off
SYSTEM ID
(2)
1002022a
S = Seconds
Figure 3.12
Blink Code Conditions
When using blink code diagnostics, the following conditions could
occur:
Table B: Blink Code Conditions
Condition
Reason
ABS indicator lamp does not Loose or burned-out bulb.
come on at ignition.
Action
Check bulb.
Check connections.
Make necessary repairs.
Can’t use blink code
diagnostics. ABS indicator
lamp will not go off when
blink code is activated.
Voltage not within acceptable range
(9.5-14.0 volts) (18-32 for 24V
system).
Check connections.
Switch not held for correct length of
time:
Repeat procedure, hold switch for correct length of time.
Measure voltage.
Make necessary repairs.
1 Second — Diagnostics Mode
3 Seconds — Clear All Mode
Incorrect or faulty wiring.
Inspect and repair wiring.
Fault not erased from ECU after report. Repeat procedure until System O.K. code received.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
19
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Condition
Reason
Action
Eight flashes not received
after blink code switch
pressed for at least three
seconds, then released.
Active faults still exist.
Identify active faults, then make necessary repairs.
Turn ignition OFF, then repeat Blink Code Diagnostics.
Blink Code Identification
Use the following information to identify the blink code:
First Digit (Type of Fault)
Second Digit — Specific Location of Fault
1 No faults
1 No faults
2 ABS modulator valve
1 Right front steer axle (curb side)
3 Too much sensor gap
2 Left front steer axle (driver’s side)
4 Sensor short or open
3 Right rear drive axle (curb side)
5 Sensor signal erratic/tire size
4 Left rear drive axle (driver’s side)
6 Tooth wheel
5 Right rear/additional axle (curb side)
6 Left rear/additional axle (driver’s side)
7 System function
1 J1939 or proprietary ESC CAN. Several sensors out of adjustment
2 ATC 3/2 valve
3 Retarder relay or third brake relay such as drive line brake, exhaust brake or
engine brake
4 ABS indicator lamp
5 ATC configuration
6 Trailer active braking valve or front axle active braking valve
7 Brake pressure sensor
8 Tire pressure monitoring
8 ECU
1 Low power supply
2 High power supply
3 Internal fault
4 System configuration error
5 Ground
6 RSC accelerometer or ESC module
20
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Testing
Wheel Speed Sensor Testing
Sensor Adjustment
앫 Push the sensor in until it contacts the tooth wheel.
앫 Do not pry or push sensors with sharp objects.
앫 Sensors will self-adjust during wheel rotation.
Electrical Checks
앫 Check wheel speed sensor by itself for resistance.
앫 Check ECU harness and sensor together for resistance.
Figure 3.13 and Figure 3.14.
앫 Verify no change in resistance or open circuit between sensor by
itself and through harness.
앫 Check harness by itself for any shorts to battery and shorts to
ground.
앫 Measurements should read as follows:
Location
Measurement
Between sensor leads
900-2000 ohm
At ECU harness pins with sensor Same as above, no more than
connected
1 ohm difference
ECU harness by itself for DC
voltage or ground
No continuity
Sensor output voltage
At least 0.2 volt AC at 30 rpm
NOTE: Sensor resistance can change with temperature. All
readings should be taken at the same time and before vehicle is
driven.
Figure 3.13
CAB MOUNT ECU’S:
LOOKING INTO WIRE HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2
X3
X4
X1
16 13 10
7
4
1
13 10
7
4
1
16 13 10
7
4
1
13 10
7
4
1
17 14 11
8
5
2
14 11
8
5
2
17 14 11
8
5
2
14 11
8
5
2
18 15 12
9
6
3
15 12
9
6
3
18 15 12
9
6
3
15 12
9
6
3
4007203a
Figure 3.13
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
21
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.14
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITHOUT ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
6
5
7
8
X1-GRAY
4
3
2
9
10
11
1
6
5
12
7
8
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6 5
4
3 2
1
7
8
9
10 11
12
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITH ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2-BLACK
4
3 2
9
10 11
6
5
12
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
X3-GREEN
6
7
5
8
4
9
3
2
10 11
X1-BLACK
4
3 2
1
1
12
8
X2-GREEN
4
3 2
1
6
5
7
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
8
1
7
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6 5
4
3 2
1
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
7
8
9
10 11
12
8
9
10 11
12
X3-GREEN
4007204a
Figure 3.14
ECU
Sensor
Connector
Pins
Modulator Valve Testing
LF
X2-18 pin
12 and 15
Electrical Checks
Universal with ESC, RF
Universal or Basic LR
X2-18 pin
10 and 13
X2-18 pin
11 and 14
앫 Check modulator valve by itself for resistance. Figure 3.15 and
Figure 3.16.
RR
X2-18 pin
17 and 18
LR (3rd axle)
X3-15 pin
2 and 5
RR (3rd axle)
X3-15 pin
11 and 14
Frame-Mounted
LF
X2-Black
7 and 8
Non-ESC
RF
X2-Black
5 and 6
LR
X3-Green
1 and 2
RR
X3-Green
3 and 4
LR (3rd axle)
X4-Brown
3 and 4
RR (3rd axle)
X4-Brown
5 and 6
Frame-Mounted
LF
X2-Green
17 and 18
With ESC
RF
X2-Green
5 and 6
LR
X3-Green
1 and 2
RR
X3-Green
3 and 4
LR (3rd axle)
X4-Brown
3 and 4
RR (3rd axle)
X4-Brown
5 and 6
Cab-Mounted
22
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
앫 Check ECU harness and modulator valve together for resistance.
Figure 3.17 and Figure 3.18.
앫 Verify no change in resistance or open circuit between valve by
itself and through harness.
앫 Check harness by itself for any shorts to battery and shorts to
ground.
앫 Measurements should read as follows:
Location
Inlet valve pin to Ground
Measurement
4.0-9.0 ohm for 12V system
11.0-21.0 ohm for 24V system
Outlet valve pin to Ground
4.0-9.0 ohm for 12V system
11.0-21.0 ohm for 24V system
At ECU harness pins with
modulator valve connected
Same as above, no more than 1
ohm difference
ECU harness by itself for battery No continuity
voltage or ground
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
NOTE: If resistance exceeds 9.0 ohm for 12V system (21.0 ohm for
24V system), verify the reading was not taken between the inlet and
outlet. If the correct pins were tested, clean the electrical contacts at
the modulator and retest.
Figure 3.15
BAYONET-STYLE CONNECTOR
EXHAUST SOLENOID
(BLUE WIRE)
INLET SOLENOID
(BROWN WIRE)
GROUND TERMINAL
4004022a
Figure 3.15
Figure 3.16
OPEN-STYLE CONNECTOR
GROUND
TERMINAL
EXHAUST SOLENOID
(BLUE WIRE)
INLET SOLENOID
(BROWN WIRE)
4004021a
Figure 3.16
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
23
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.17
CAB MOUNT ECU’S:
LOOKING INTO WIRE HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2
X3
X4
X1
16 13 10
7
4
1
13 10
7
4
1
16 13 10
7
4
1
13 10
7
4
1
17 14 11
8
5
2
14 11
8
5
2
17 14 11
8
5
2
14 11
8
5
2
18 15 12
9
6
3
15 12
9
6
3
18 15 12
9
6
3
15 12
9
6
3
4007205a
Figure 3.17
ECU
Cab-Mounted
Modulator Circuit Connector
LF IV
Pins
X2-18 pin
3
X2-18 pin
6
X2-18 pin
1
X2-18 pin
4
X2-18 pin
2
Universal with ESC, LF OV
Universal or Basic RF IV
(ABS modulators RF OV
are grounded
LR IV
externally, i.e.,
common is fed to LR OV
external ground) RR IV
X2-18 pin
5
X2-18 pin
8
RR OV
X2-18 pin
9
LR (3rd Axle) IV
X3-15 pin
3
LR (3rd Axle) OV
X3-15 pin
6
RR (3rd Axle) IV
X3-15 pin
12
RR (3rd Axle) OV
X3-15 pin
15
Trailer IV
X3-15 pin
7
Trailer OV
X3-15 pin
10
Trailer Common
X3-15 pin
8
Optional with
Stability Control
24
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.18
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITHOUT ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
6
5
7
8
X1-GRAY
4
3
2
9
10
11
1
6
5
12
7
8
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6 5
4
3 2
1
7
8
9
10 11
12
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITH ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2-BLACK
4
3 2
9
10 11
6
5
12
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
X3-GREEN
6
7
5
8
4
9
3
2
1
10 11
X1-BLACK
4
3 2
1
12
8
X2-GREEN
4
3 2
1
6
5
7
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
8
1
7
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6 5
4
3 2
1
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
7
8
9
10 11
12
8
9
10 11
12
X3-GREEN
4007206a
Figure 3.18
ECU
Modulator Circuit
Connector
Pins
ECU
Modulator Circuit
Connector
Pins
Frame-Mounted
LF IV
X2-Black
2
Frame-Mounted
LF IV
X2-Green
2
Non-ESC
LF OV
X2-Black
10
With ESC
LF OV
X2-Green
15
LF Common
X2-Black
11
LF Common
X2-Green
14
RF IV
X2-Black
4
RF IV
X2-Green
4
RF OV
X2-Black
3
RF OV
X2-Green
3
RF Common
X2-Black
9
RF Common
X2-Green
16
LR IV
X3-Green
12
LR IV
X3-Green
12
LR OV
X3-Green
10
LR OV
X3-Green
10
LR Common
X3-Green
11
LR Common
X3-Green
11
RR IV
X3-Green
9
RR IV
X3-Green
9
RR OV
X3-Green
7
RR OV
X3-Green
7
RR Common
X3-Green
8
RR Common
X3-Green
8
LR (3rd Axle) IV
X4-Brown
12
LR (3rd Axle) IV
X4-Brown
12
LR (3rd Axle) OV
X4-Brown
10
LR (3rd Axle) OV
X4-Brown
10
LR (3rd Axle) Common X4-Brown
11
LR (3rd Axle) Common X4-Brown
11
RR (3rd Axle) IV
X4-Brown
9
RR (3rd Axle) IV
X4-Brown
9
RR (3rd Axle) OV
X4-Brown
7
RR (3rd Axle) OV
X4-Brown
7
RR (3rd Axle) Common X4-Brown
8
RR (3rd Axle) Common X4-Brown
8
Trailer IV
X2-Green
1
Trailer OV
X2-Green
10
Trailer Common
X2-Green
13
Optional with
Stability Control
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
25
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Modulator Valve Testing Available in Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software (PC Diagnostics)
Figure 3.20
The ABS modulator valves as well as the trailer modulator valve can
be cycled using Meritor WABCO TOOLBOX™ Software.
To cycle the modulator valves, choose the option “Valves” from the
“Component Tests” drop-down menu. Or, if you are using
TOOLBOX™ Software version 11 or higher, from “Components”.
Figure 3.19.
Figure 3.19
4010619a
Figure 3.20
Figure 3.21
4010617a
Figure 3.19
The valve selection screen will appear where you can choose to
cycle each valve individually or you can choose to cycle all valves in
a pre-determined order. Figure 3.20 and Figure 3.21.
Then, listen to ensure the correct valve is cycling. This is helpful in
verifying correct operation, installation and wiring.
4010620a
Figure 3.21
NOTE: If you are using versions older than TOOLBOX™ Software
V11, to test the function of the Trailer Stability Control Modulator
valve, choose “E4.3 TBV with ABS Valve” from the “Component
Tests” drop-down menu. Listen to ensure the correct valve is
cycling.
26
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Active Braking Valves (ABV) Testing
Electrical Checks
앫 Check ABV 3/2 solenoid by itself for resistance.
앫 Check ECU harness and ABV 3/2 solenoid together for
resistance. Figure 3.22 and Figure 3.23.
앫 Verify no change in resistance or open circuit between ABV by
itself and through harness.
앫 Check harness by itself for any shorts to battery and shorts to
ground.
앫 Measurements should read as follows:
Location
Measurement
ABV Supply to ABV Common
7.0-14.0 ohm for 12V system
26.3-49.0 ohm for 24V system
At ECU harness pins with ABV
connected
Same as above, no more than 1
ohm difference
ECU harness by itself for battery No continuity
voltage or ground
Figure 3.22
CAB MOUNT ECU’S:
LOOKING INTO WIRE HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2
X3
X4
X1
16 13 10
7
4
1
13 10
7
4
1
16 13 10
7
4
1
13 10
7
4
1
17 14 11
8
5
2
14 11
8
5
2
17 14 11
8
5
2
14 11
8
5
2
18 15 12
9
6
3
15 12
9
6
3
18 15 12
9
6
3
15 12
9
6
3
4007207a
Figure 3.22
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
27
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.23
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITHOUT ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
6
5
7
8
X1-GRAY
4
3
2
9
10
11
1
6
5
12
7
8
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6 5
4
3 2
1
7
8
9
10 11
12
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITH ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2-BLACK
4
3 2
9
10 11
6
5
12
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
X3-GREEN
6
7
5
8
4
9
3
2
10 11
X1-BLACK
4
3 2
1
1
12
8
X2-GREEN
4
3 2
1
6
5
7
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
8
1
7
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6 5
4
3 2
1
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
7
8
9
10 11
12
8
9
10 11
12
X3-GREEN
4007208a
Figure 3.23
ECU
Active Braking
Valve Circuit
Connector
Pins
7
Drive Axle ABV
Common
X3-Green
6
X4-18 pin
16
Steer Axle ABV
Supply
X2-Green
12
X4-18 pin
13
Steer Axle ABV
Common
X2-Green
11
Trailer ABV Supply X3-15 pin
13
Trailer ABV Supply X1-Black
9
Trailer ABV
Common
X3-15 pin
8
Trailer ABV
Common
8
Drive Axle ABV
Supply
X3-Green
5
Drive Axle ABV
Common
X3-Green
6
Trailer ABV Supply X2-Black
1
Trailer ABV
Common
12
16
X2-18 pin
Steer Axle ABV
Supply
Steer Axle ABV
Common
28
Pins
5
X2-18 pin
Non-ESC
Connector
X3-Green
Drive Axle ABV
Universal with ESC, Supply
Universal or Basic Drive Axle ABV
Common
Frame-Mounted
Active Braking
Valve Circuit
Drive Axle ABV
Supply
Cab-Mounted
Frame-Mounted
ECU
With ESC
X2-Black
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
X1-Black
ABV Testing Available in Meritor WABCO TOOLBOX™
Software
The Active Braking Valves can be cycled using Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software.
To cycle the ABVs, choose the option “Valves” from the “Component
Tests” drop-down menu. Figure 3.24. Or if you are using
TOOLBOX™ Software version 11 or higher, from “Components”.
Figure 3.25.
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.24
Figure 3.26
4010621a
Figure 3.24
Figure 3.25
4010623a
Figure 3.26
Figure 3.27
4010622a
Figure 3.25
The valve selection screen will appear where you can choose to
cycle Front Axle ABV, Rear Axle ABV or Trailer ABV individually.
Figure 3.26 or Figure 3.27.
Then, listen to ensure the correct valve is cycling. This is helpful in
verifying correct operation, installation and wiring.
4010624a
Figure 3.27
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
29
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
NOTE: If you are using versions older than TOOLBOX™ Software
version 11, to test the function of the Trailer ABV, choose “Trailer
Brake Valve” or “E4.3 Trailer Brake Valve” from the “Component
Tests” drop-down menu. Listen to ensure the correct valve is
cycling. If you are unsure which test option to choose, please
contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac and have your ECU part number
available.
Brake Pressure Sensor Testing
Pin
Circuit
1
Voltage Supply
2
Ground
3
Pressure Signal
Pressure Sensor Testing Available in Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software
Electrical Checks
The pressure sensor test can be accessed through Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software under Component Tests, Pressure Sensor.
For the following check, all of the ECU connectors must be plugged
in as the ECU provides voltage and ground to the BPS.
앫 Ensure brake pedal position and pressure is displayed in the
corresponding boxes. Figure 3.29 and Figure 3.30.
앫 Take measurements at the pressure sensor harness connector.
Figure 3.28.
Figure 3.29
앫 Measure Voltage Supply to Ground on Pin 1 of the BPS
Connector Key ON.
With ECU and BPS disconnected:
앫 Verify continuity end to end on all 3 lines.
앫 Verify no shorts to ground or battery on all 3 lines.
앫 Verify no continuity between pins.
Measurements should read as below.
Location
Measurement
Voltage Supply to Ground
8.0-16.0V
4010625a
Pressure Signal or Ground Line No continuity
short to battery or ground
Figure 3.29
Figure 3.28
2
3
1
PRESSURE SENSOR CONNECTOR
4007210a
Figure 3.28
30
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.30
Figure 3.32
SAS
UB
GND
ESC
MODULE
CAN
L
H
GND
FRAME
ECU
4010628a
Figure 3.32
ESC Module Testing
4010626a
Electrical Checks
For the following checks, all of the ECU connectors must be plugged
in as well as the SAS. The ECU provides voltage, ground and CAN
communication to ESC module.
Figure 3.30
ESC CAN Network Testing
The ECU, SAS and ESC module are all connected on propriety CAN
network with internal terminating resistors on each one of these
components. A failure to one of the components will cause others to
fault out. Figure 3.31 and Figure 3.32
앫 Take measurements at the ESC module harness connector.
Figure 3.33 and Figure 3.34.
앫 Measure voltage supply Key ON.
앫 Measure CAN High voltage Key ON.
앫 Measure CAN Low voltage Key ON.
Figure 3.31
앫 Measure terminating resistance across CAN High and Low with
Key OFF.
SAS
앫 Frame-mounted ECU only: Measure ground resistance Key OFF
to chassis ground.
UB
GND
ESC
MODULE
CAN
L
H
CAB
ECU
앫 Verify continuity end to end on each line
4010627a
Figure 3.31
With ECU and ESC Module disconnected:
앫 Verify no shorts to ground or battery on all lines.
앫 Verify no continuity between pins.
Measurements should read as follows:
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
31
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Location
Measurement
ESC Module
Circuit
ECU
Voltage Supply to Ground
8.0-16.0V
(Frame-mounted only) ESC
Ground to Chassis ground
Less than 1 Ohm resistance
Cab-Mounted
Power Supply
7
X4-18 pin
10
ESC CAN-Low
X4-18 pin
1
ESC CAN-High
X4-18 pin
3
Frame-Mounted
Power Supply
X2-Green
9
With ESC
Ground
X2-Green
External
ESC CAN-Low
X2-Green
7
ESC CAN-High
X2-Green
8
Terminating resistance between Approximately 90 ohms
ESC CAN-High to ESC CAN-Low
CAN High Voltage
2.5-5.0V
CAN Low Voltage
0.1-2.4V
Pins
X4-18 pin
Universal with ESC Ground
With ECU disconnected CAN
No continuity
lines, Power Supply and Ground
for battery voltage or ground
Connector
ESC Module Mounting
The ESC module contains sensors which measure both lateral
acceleration and yaw rate. Thus, it is critical that the module is
securely mounted, leveled and in correct location to the vehicle and
that the module is mounted as expected by the ECU and as per
vehicle OEM specifications.
Figure 3.33
2
4
3
1
ESC MODULE CONNECTOR
4007213a
Figure 3.33
Pin
Circuit
1
Power Supply
2
Ground
3
CAN-High
4
CAN-Low
The module should be installed in a manner where the label is right
side up. The module must be mounted perpendicular to the vehicle
frame rails on a cross member or cross member bracket. The
module connector could be facing the front or rear of the vehicle
depending on the OEM’s specified mounting. It is critical that the
unit be mounted in the exact location and manner as originally
installed by the vehicle manufacturer. Figure 3.35.
Figure 3.35
Z
± 5°
-5°
+2°
Y -2°
Figure 3.34
CAB MOUNT ECU:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X4
FRAME MOUNT ECU
WITH ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2-GREEN
16 13 10
7
4
1
17 14 11
8
5
2
18 15 12
9
6
3
6
5
4
3
2
1
12
11
10
9
8
7
18
17
16
15 14
13
+2°
X -2°
Figure 3.35
4007215a
Figure 3.34
32
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
4010609a
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Contact the Meritor WABCO OnTrac Customer Service Center at
866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to ensure ESC module mounting is in
accordance with ECU parameters.
Figure 3.37
ESC Information Available in Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software 11 or Higher
ESC Information can be accessed through Meritor WABCO
TOOLBOX™ Software 11 or higher under Components, ESC.
To access the ESC Information:
앫 If you are using TOOLBOX™ Software version 11 or higher, click
on the “Components” button. A drop-box will appear. Select
“ESC” then select “ESC Info”. Figure 3.36 and Figure 3.37.
Figure 3.36
4010630a
Figure 3.37
Steering Angle Sensor (SAS) Testing
Electrical Checks
The following tests are for Meritor WABCO SAS Only.
4010629a
Figure 3.36
앫 Disconnect SAS and check terminating resistance across Pin 1
and Pin 2 of the SAS. Figure 3.38 and Figure 3.39.
For the following checks, all the ECU connectors must be plugged in
as the ECU provides all voltage, ground and CAN communications.
Figure 3.41.
앫 Take measurements at the SAS harness connector side.
Figure 3.40.
앫 Check Key On CAN Low voltage on Pin 1.
앫 Check Key On CAN High voltage on Pin 4.
앫 Check Key On Voltage Supply on Pin 5.
앫 Check Key Off resistance across CAN low Pin 1 and CAN
High Pin 4.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
33
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Location
Measurement
Figure 3.40
Meritor Wabco SAS terminating Approximately 180 ohms
resistor
CAN High Voltage
2.5-5.0V
CAN Low Voltage
0.1-2.4V
Voltage Supply to Ground
8.0-16.0V
STEERING ANGLE SENSOR CONNECTOR
65 4 3 21
ESC CAN-High to ESC CAN-Low Approximately 90 ohms
SAS harness jumper (Pin 2 to
Pin 4 or Pin 2 to Pin 3)
Continuity
ESC CAN-High or CAN-Low to
Power or Ground
No continuity
With ESC, SAS and ECU
unplugged harness by itself for
battery voltage or ground
No continuity
4007216a
Figure 3.40
Pin
NOTE: For correct sensor operation, there must be a jumper wire on
the harness side across either Pin 2 to Pin 3 so terminating resistor
is connected as shown in Figure 3.39.
Circuit
1
CAN-Low
2
Terminating Resistor
3
CAN-High
4
CAN-High
5
Power
6
Ground
Figure 3.38
Figure 3.41
CAB MOUNT ECU:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X4
FRAME MOUNT ECU
WITH ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X2-GREEN
16 13 10
7
4
1
17 14 11
8
5
2
18 15 12
9
6
3
4006873a
Figure 3.38
6
5
4
3
2
1
12
11
10
9
8
7
18
17
16
15 14
13
Figure 3.39
4007215a
STEERING ANGLE SENSOR
4
Figure 3.41
CAN-HIGH
3
ECU Circuit Testing
2
Electrical Checks
180 OHM
1
CAN-LOW
5
+U-BATT
6
GND
앫 Verify vehicle batteries, charging system and fuses are in good
working condition.
4010631a
Figure 3.39
34
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
앫 Load test battery and ignition circuits to ground at the ECU
harness using a 2-4 amp sealed lamp and verify lamp does not
flicker and it is on steady.
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
앫 Take measurements at the ECU harness pins. Figure 3.42 and
Figure 3.43.
ECU
Power Supply Circuit Connector
Cab-Mounted
Measurements should read as follows:
Location
Measurement
Supply Voltage, Battery to
chassis Ground
9.0-16.0V for 12V system
Supply Voltage, Ignition to
chassis Ground
9.0-16.0V for 12V system
ECU ground to chassis ground
Pins
Supply Voltage,
Universal with ESC, Battery
Universal or Basic Supply Voltage,
Ignition
X1-15 pin
8
X1-15 pin
7
Central Ground
X1-15 pin
4, 9
18.0-32.0V for 24V system
Frame-Mounted
Supply Voltage,
X1-Gray
Battery (Could be IGN)
1
Supply Voltage,
Ignition
X1-Gray
2
Less than 1 ohm resistance
Main ground to chassis ground Less than 1 ohm resistance
Central Ground
X1-Gray
11, 12
Supply Voltage,
Battery
X1-Black
1
Supply Voltage,
Ignition
X1-Black
2
Central Ground
X1-Black
13, 14
18.0-32.0V for 24V system
Non-ESC
Frame-Mounted
With ESC
Figure 3.42
CAB MOUNT ECU’S:
LOOKING INTO WIRE HARNESS CONNECTOR
X1
13
10
7
4
1
14
11
8
5
2
15
12
9
6
3
J1939 Serial Communications Testing
Electrical Checks
4007214a
Figure 3.42
Figure 3.43
FRAME MOUNT ECU
WITHOUT ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
6
5
7
8
X1-GRAY
4
3 2
9
10 11
FRAME MOUNT ECU
WITH ESC:
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X1-BLACK
4
3 2
1
6
5
12
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
8
1
7
앫 If the ABS ECU is the only ECU on the J1939 datalink which
cannot communicate, then take measurements at the ABS ECU
connector. If other ECUs are not communicating, then
troubleshoot the vehicle datalink backbone and contact the
vehicle OEM for technical assistance if required.
앫 Check for devices that could be overloading the J1939 datalink
slowing down communications.
앫 Verify J1939 High and Low have correct voltage readings, Key
ON, while datalink communications are active.
앫 For resistance measurements, the vehicle battery must be
disconnected and the ignition must be OFF. Figure 3.44 and
Figure 3.45.
Measurements should read as follows:
4007209a
Location
Measurement
Figure 3.43
Across J1939 High and Low
Approximately 60 ohms
J1939 Low voltage
0.1V-2.4V
J1939 High voltage
2.5V-5.0V
J1939 High or J1939 Low to
Ground or Power Supply
No continuity
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
35
3 Diagnostics, Troubleshooting and Testing
Figure 3.44
CAB MOUNT ECU’S
LOOKING INTO WIRE HARNESS CONNECTOR
X1
13
10
7
4
1
14
11
8
5
2
15
12
9
6
3
4007373a
Figure 3.44
Figure 3.45
FRAME MOUNT ECU
WITHOUT ESC
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
6
5
7
8
X1-GRAY
4
3 2
9
10 11
FRAME MOUNT ECU
WITH ESC
LOOKING INTO WIRE
HARNESS CONNECTOR
X1-BLACK
4
3 2
1
6
5
12
12
11
10
9
18 17
16
15 14 13
8
1
7
4007374a
Figure 3.45
ECU
J1939 Datalink
Circuit
Connector
Pins
Cab-Mounted
J1939 High
X1-15 pin
3
All
J1939 Low
X1-15 pin
1
Frame-Mounted
J1939 High
X1-Gray
7
Without ESC
J1939 Low
X1-Gray
6
Frame-Mounted
J1939 High
X1-Black
18
With ESC
J1939 Low
X1-Black
6
36
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
4 Component Replacement
Hazard Alert Messages
4 Component Replacement
Figure 4.1
SENSOR
SPRING
CLIP
Read and observe all Warning and Caution hazard alert messages in
this publication. They provide information that can help prevent
serious personal injury, damage to components, or both.
WARNING
To prevent serious eye injury, always wear safe eye protection
when you perform vehicle maintenance or service.
Release all air from the air systems before you remove any
components. Pressurized air can cause serious personal
injury.
WHEEL SPEED
SENSOR
4004479a
CAUTION
When welding on an ABS- or ABS/ATC-equipped vehicle is
necessary, disconnect the power connector from the ECU to
prevent damage to the electrical system and ABS/ATC
components.
Figure 4.1
Removal
NOTE: When replacing the wheel speed sensor, the sensor spring
clip must also be replaced.
Component Removal and Installation
WARNING
Wheel Speed Sensors
Sensor Lubricant Specification
Meritor WABCO specifications call for a sensor lubricant with the
following characteristics:
Lubricant must be mineral oil-based and contain molydisulfide. It
should have excellent anti-corrosion and adhesion characteristics,
and be capable of continuous function in a temperature range of
−40° to 300°F (−40° to 150°C).
Lubricants approved for use on Meritor WABCO sensors and spring
clips are as follows. Figure 4.1.
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the wheels to
prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with
safety stands. Do not work under a vehicle supported only by
jacks. Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
1.
Place blocks under the tires to stop the vehicle from moving.
Apply the parking brake.
2.
If necessary, raise the tires off the ground. Place safety stands
under the axle.
3.
Depending on the axle, wheel hub and brake configurations,
some components might have to be removed to obtain access
to wheel speed sensor. Follow the vehicle OEMs guidelines to
gain access to wheel speed sensor.
4.
Disconnect the fasteners that hold the sensor cable to other
components.
5.
Disconnect the sensor cable from the chassis harness.
6.
Remove the sensor from the sensor holder. Use a twisting
motion if necessary. Do not pull on the cable. Figure 4.2 and
Figure 4.3.
앫 Mobilith SHC-220 (Mobil)
앫 TEK 662 (Roy Dean Products)
앫 Staburags NBU 30 PTM (Kluber Lubrication)
앫 Valvoline EP 633
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
37
4 Component Replacement
Installation
Figure 4.2
1.
Connect the sensor cable to the chassis harness.
2.
Install the fasteners used to hold the sensor cable in place.
3.
Apply a Meritor WABCO recommended lubricant to the sensor
spring clip and sensor.
4.
Install the sensor spring clip. Make sure the spring clip tabs are
on the inboard side of the vehicle.
5.
Push the sensor spring clip into the bushing in the steering
knuckle until the clip stops.
6.
Push the sensor completely into the sensor spring clip until it
contacts the tooth wheel.
NOTE: After installation, there should be no gap between the
sensor and the tooth wheel. During normal operation, a gap of
up to 0.04-inch (1.016 mm) is allowable.
1002036a
7.
KNUCKLE-MOUNTED SENSOR
Remove the blocks and safety stands.
Modulator Valves
Figure 4.2
Removal
Figure 4.3
SPRING CLIP
SENSOR
SENSOR
HOLDER
WARNING
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the wheels to
prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with
safety stands. Do not work under a vehicle supported only by
jacks. Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
SPRING
CLIP TAB
1002037a
Figure 4.3
7.
38
Remove the sensor spring clip.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
1.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
2.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to stop the vehicle
from moving.
3.
If necessary, raise the vehicle off the ground and place safety
stands under the axle.
4.
Disconnect the wiring connector from the ABS valve.
5.
Disconnect the air lines from Ports 1 (air supply) and 2 (air
discharge) of the ABS valve. Figure 4.4.
4 Component Replacement
3.
Figure 4.4
PORT 2,
AIR OUT
PORT 1,
AIR IN
After any repair has been performed, cycle the ignition key and
test drive the vehicle. Verify that the ABS indicator lamp
operates correctly.
Active Braking Valves (ABV)
Removal
Depending on the OEM specs and vehicle system configuration,
ABVs may be located near the rear axle, front axle and in line with
trailer service/control line. Consult the vehicle OEM for exact
location of these valves.
WARNING
6.
Remove the two mounting capscrews and nuts.
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the wheels to
prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with
safety stands. Do not work under a vehicle supported only by
jacks. Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
7.
Remove the ABS valve.
1.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
2.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to stop the vehicle
from moving.
Moisture can affect the performance of all ABS/ATC systems,
as well as the standard braking system. Moisture in air lines
can cause air lines to freeze in cold weather.
3.
If necessary, raise the vehicle off the ground. Place safety
stands under the axle.
1.
Install the ABS valve with two mounting capscrews and nuts.
Tighten the capscrews per the manufacturer’s
recommendation.
Relieve line pressure by bleeding the air from the appropriate
supply tank. Pressurized air can cause serious personal injury.
2.
Connect the line to the brake chambers to Port 2 of the ABS
valve. Connect the air supply line to Port 1 of the ABS valve.
4.
Relieve line pressure by bleeding the air from the
appropriate supply tank.
3.
Connect the wiring connector to the ABS valve. Hand tighten
only.
5.
Disconnect the wiring from the valve.
6.
Disconnect the air lines from Port 1 (air supply), Port 2 (air
discharge) and Port 3 (treadle) of the ATC valve. Figure 4.5.
1002038a
Figure 4.4
Installation
CAUTION
4.
Remove the blocks and stands.
5.
Test the installation.
WARNING
Checking the Installation
1.
Apply the brakes. Listen for leaks at the modulator valve.
2.
Turn the ignition on and listen to the modulator valve cycle. If
the valve fails to cycle, check the electrical cable connection.
Make repairs as needed.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
39
4 Component Replacement
Checking the Trailer ABV Installation
Figure 4.5
AIR
LINES
PORT 1,
AIR SUPPLY
PORT 2,
AIR DISCHARGE
VALVE CONTROL
DO NOT OPEN
PORT 3,
TREADLE
AIR LINE
1.
Connect the blue glad hand to a 50 cu. in. (819 cu. cm) air
tank.
2.
Start the vehicle.
3.
Fully charge the reservoirs with air. Shut off the vehicle.
4.
Activate the valve using TOOLBOX™ Software; verify correct
operation and no active codes.
5.
Listen for air leaks at the valve.
6.
Make necessary repairs if needed.
7.
Turn the ignition ON. Verify that the ATC/Stability Control
indicator lamp operates correctly.
1002039a
Figure 4.5
7.
Remove the two mounting capscrews and nuts. Remove the
valve.
ABS Valve Packages
Removal and Installation — Complete Package
WARNING
Installation
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the wheels to
prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with
safety stands. Do not work under a vehicle supported only by
jacks. Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
1.
Install the valve with two mounting capscrews and nuts.
Tighten the capscrews per the manufacturer’s
recommendation.
2.
Connect the air supply, discharge and treadle lines to Ports 1,
2 and 3 of the valve.
1.
Place blocks under tires to stop the vehicle from moving.
3.
Connect the harness connector to the valve. Hand tighten only.
2.
If necessary, raise the tires off the ground.
4.
Remove the blocks and stands.
3.
Drain the air from all system air tanks.
5.
Test the installation.
4.
Remove all the air lines and connections from the ABS valve
package. Figure 4.6 and Figure 4.7.
Checking the ABV Installation
Figure 4.6
To test the active braking valve:
1.
Turn the ignition to the ON position and verify that the ATC/
Stability Control lamp operates correctly.
2.
Start the vehicle.
3.
Fully charge the reservoirs with air. Shut off the vehicle.
4.
Apply the brakes.
5.
Listen for air leaks at the valve.
6.
Release the brakes.
SUPPLY PORT
1/2" NPT
QUICK RELEASE
VALVE
001 20/98
472 500 30. 0
MADE IN GERMANY
1/2" NPT
DELIVERY
PORTS
7.
Activate the valve using TOOLBOX™ Software. Verify correct
operation and that there are no active codes.
MODULATOR
VALVE
8.
Make necessary repairs if needed.
ABS QUICK RELEASE VALVE PACKAGE
9.
Drive the vehicle. Verify that the ATC indicator lamp operates
correctly.
40
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
Figure 4.6
4007847a
4 Component Replacement
Figure 4.7
RELAY
VALVE
ABS
MODULATOR
VALVE
DELIVERY
PORTS
1/2" NPT
DELIVERY
PORTS
3/8" NPT
CONTROL
PORT
1/4" NPT
SUPPLY
PORT
1/2" NPT
ABS RELAY VALVE PACKAGE
ABS
MODULATOR
VALVE
DELIVERY
PORTS
1/2" NPT
Carefully separate the ABS modulator valve(s) from the relay or
quick release valve.
4.
Remove and discard old O-rings. Lubricate replacement
O-rings with the grease provided.
5.
Plug any unused ports on the replacement valve(s).
6.
Attach the ABS modulator valve(s) to the relay or quick release
valve. Use a 6 mm Allen wrench to tighten the Allen-head bolts
to 13-15 lb-ft (18-20 N폷m). @
7.
Replace the ABS valve package: Tighten the bolts to the
vehicle manufacturer’s recommendation. Remove the blocks
and safety stands as necessary.
8.
Check the valves for leaks:
4007848a
Figure 4.7
5.
Remove the mounting bolts from the valve package. Remove
the valve package from the vehicle.
6.
Replace the ABS valve package: Tighten the bolts to the
vehicle manufacturer’s recommendation. Remove the blocks
and safety stands as necessary.
7.
Test the installation.
앫 Modulator valve(s). Refer to the procedure for checking the
modulator valve installation in this section.
앫 Relay or quick release valve. Refer to the procedure for
checking the quick release or relay valve installation in this
section.
Active Braking Valve on the ABS Valve
Package
Removal and Installation — Component Valves
1.
3.
Remove the ABS valve package from the vehicle. Figure 4.8.
Removal
NOTE: If there is enough room to work, it is not necessary to
remove the valve package from the vehicle before replacing the
active braking valve (solenoid valve). If the valve package must be
removed, follow the instructions for removing and replacing the ABS
Valve Package that appear in this section of the manual.
Figure 4.8
ALLEN-HEAD BOLTS
13-15 LB-FT
(18-20 N•m)
When installing the new active braking valve (solenoid valve) on the
valve package, you must use the new O-rings, seals, mounting bolts
and lubricant included with the replacement kit.
ALLEN-HEAD BOLTS
001 20/98
472 500 30. 0
MADE IN GERMANY
1.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
2.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to stop the vehicle
from moving.
3.
If necessary, raise the vehicle off the ground. Place safety
stands under the axle.
13-15 LB-FT
(18-20 N•m)
xxxxx
xxxxx xxxxx
xxxxx
1002041c
Figure 4.8
2.
Use a 6 mm Allen wrench to loosen and remove the Allen-head
bolts.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
41
4 Component Replacement
WARNING
Figure 4.10
MOUNTING BOLTS
12-13 FT-LB (18-20 N•m)
Relieve line pressure by bleeding the air from the appropriate
supply tank. Pressurized air can cause serious personal injury.
4.
Relieve line pressure by bleeding the air from the
appropriate supply tank.
5.
Disconnect the wiring from the solenoid valve.
6.
Disconnect the supply air line from the adapter and the treadle
air line from the solenoid valve.
7.
Use a 5 mm Allen wrench to remove the two screws that hold
the adapter piece to the relay valve portion of the valve
package.
8.
Use a 6 mm Allen wrench to remove the two mounting bolts
that hold the solenoid valve to the adapter piece. Remove the
solenoid valve from the adapter piece. Remove the solenoid
valve.
9.
Remove the adapter piece, seal and O-rings from the valve
package. Figure 4.9.
Figure 4.9
MOUNTING BOLTS
ACTIVE
BRAKING VALVE
(SOLENOID VALVE)
ACTIVE
BRAKING VALVE
(SOLENOID VALVE)
O-RING
SEAL
ADAPTER
4007850a
Figure 4.10
3.
Lubricate the replacement seal and install it in Port 2 of the
solenoid valve.
4.
Lubricate the large replacement O-ring and install it in the
groove of the relay valve supply port. Figure 4.11.
TREADLE
AIR LINE
SEAL
Figure 4.11
ADAPTER
xxxxx
xxxxx xxxxx
xxxxx
O-RINGS
SUPPLY
AIR LINE
RELAY VALVE
SUPPLY PORT
4007849a
1002044a
Figure 4.11
Figure 4.9
NOTE: Use Meritor WABCO-recommended lubricant.
Installation
1.
Clean and lubricate the small adapter piece O-ring. Install the
O-ring on the adapter piece.
2.
Use the two new M8 Allen-head bolts to attach the solenoid
valve to the adapter piece. Use a 6 mm Allen-head tool to
tighten to 13-15 lb-ft (18-20 N폷m). Figure 4.10. @
42
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
5.
Use the two M6 Allen-head bolts to attach the adapter to the
relay valve. Use a 5 mm Allen-head tool to tighten to 4-5 lb-ft
(6-8 N폷m). Figure 4.12. @
4 Component Replacement
4.
Figure 4.12
ATC VALVE
AND ADAPTER
CONTROL
PORT
SUPPLY
PORT
Remove the mounting hardware. Remove the ECU.
Figure 4.13.
Figure 4.13
ABS VALVE
PACKAGE
UNIVERSAL
ECU
MOUNTING BOLTS
4-5 LB-FT (6-8 N•m)
O-RING
(INSTALLED)
1002045a
FRAME-MOUNTED
ECU
BASIC
ECU
Figure 4.12
4003974a
Figure 4.13
6.
Connect the supply air line to the supply port on the adapter.
7.
Connect the treadle air line to the control port on the solenoid
valve. Place a wrench on the adapter to prevent the control port
from twisting. Tighten the fitting to 15 ft-lb (20 N폷m). Do not
over tighten. @
Installation
1.
Install the ECU using the manufacturer’s mounting hardware.
Tighten the hardware per the manufacturer’s recommendation.
2.
Install the wiring harness connectors to the ECU.
8.
Attach the wiring connector to the solenoid valve. Hand tighten
only.
3.
Remove the blocks.
9.
Remove the blocks and stands.
4.
Test the installation.
10. Test the installation.
NOTE: If ECU has roll stability control (RSC), mounting of the
ECU is crucial for proper operation due to internal
accelerometer. Note the location installation of the ECU before
removal. After installing ECU, verify the ECU is properly leveled
and securely mounted on the right location as per OEM specs.
See Section 2 RSC components for further information.
Checking the Installation
1.
Start the vehicle.
2.
Fully charge the reservoirs with air. Shut off the vehicle.
3.
Apply the brakes.
4.
Listen for air leaks at all valves.
5.
Drive the vehicle. Verify that the ABS indicator lamp operates
correctly.
Testing the Installation
To test the ECU installation:
1.
Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
앫 Wheel speed related faults require a vehicle speed over 4
mph before the ABS light turns off and the code clears.
Removal
1.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
2.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to prevent the
vehicle from moving.
3.
Disconnect the wiring harness connectors from the ECU.
Turn the ignition ON and verify that the ABS self test and ABS
light comes on and goes off.
2.
Use TOOLBOX™ Software to verify system has no active
faults.
앫 ECUs with Electronic Stability Control (ESC) will require
system to be calibrated whenever a component has been
replaced.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
43
4 Component Replacement
앫 Follow the ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure described
in this manual.
Figure 4.14
앫 When the ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure is
completed, the ABS and ATC/ESC lamps should come on
and go back off when ignition power is turned on. The ATC/
ESC lamp may remain on briefly after the ABS lamp goes
off.
3.
There should not be any active faults displayed in the ECU
memory.
4006873a
Steering Angle Sensor (SAS) — Meritor
WABCO Only
Removal
WARNING
If equipped, disable the supplemental restraint system (air
bag) to avoid serious personal injury. Refer to the vehicle
manufacturer’s service publication for further information.
1.
Center the steering wheel with the front wheels positioned
straight ahead.
2.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
3.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to prevent the
vehicle from moving.
4.
Locate the SAS on the steering column shaft, either near the
universal joint on the bottom of the column or under the
steering wheel near the top of the column.
5.
If the SAS is located at the top of the steering column, remove
the vehicle steering wheel using the recommended steering
wheel puller.
6.
The SAS is attached by three screws to the steering column
with the center tab located in the grooved steering column
shaft. Figure 4.14.
Figure 4.14
7.
Disconnect the wiring harness connector from the SAS. (Note
the position of the connector either facing up or down.)
8.
Remove the attaching screws and slide the SAS off of the
steering column shaft.
Installation
CAUTION
If the SAS is not installed in the correct orientation, it will not
function correctly and may become damaged.
1.
Apply a small amount of the supplied grease to the tab in the
center of the SAS and to the machined groove on the steering
shaft.
2.
Install the SAS with the connector facing the same direction as
the original. Place the SAS over the steering column shaft and
slide it into place with the SAS tab placed in the groove that is
machined on the steering column shaft.
3.
Using the new furnished screws, replace the attaching screws
and tighten to a maximum of 22 in-lb (2.5 N폷m). @
4.
Install the SAS wiring harness connector by pushing the
connector together until the small tab snaps into place.
5.
Install the steering wheel and tighten per the manufacturer’s
recommendation.
6.
Remove the blocks.
7.
Test the installation.
Test the Installation
To test the SAS installation, the system must be calibrated.
1.
44
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
Follow the ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure described in
this manual.
4 Component Replacement
2.
3.
When the ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure is completed,
the ABS and ATC/ESC lamps should come on and go back off
when ignition power is turned on. The ATC/ESC lamp may
remain on briefly after the ABS lamp goes off.
Figure 4.16
Z
± 5°
-5°
There should not be any active faults displayed in the ECU
memory.
+2°
Y -2°
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Module
Removal
WARNING
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the wheels to
prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with
safety stands. Do not work under a vehicle supported only by
jacks. Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
1.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
2.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to prevent the
vehicle from moving.
3.
If necessary, raise the vehicle off the ground and place safety
stands under the vehicle.
4.
Disconnect the wiring harness connector from the ESC module.
Figure 4.15 and Figure 4.16.
+2°
X -2°
4010609a
Figure 4.16
5.
Remove the two mounting capscrews and nuts. Remove the
ESC module.
NOTE: ESC modules are installed by the OEM close to the
vehicle center of gravity. Depending on the vehicle
manufacturer, the ESC module might face towards the front of
the vehicle or rear. For correct operation and the best
performance, verify the ESC module is correctly leveled and
securely mounted as per OEM specs. Do not move the module
to a different location as this will affect the system
performance.
Figure 4.15
Installation
WARNING
NOTE: It is important that the module is aligned correctly and
the tab on the ESC mounting surface fits into the appropriate
hole.
LOCATE
E
OVE OR R
DO NOT M
1.
Install the ESC module with the two capscrews and nuts.
Tighten the capscrews per the manufacturer’s
recommendation.
2.
Connect the wiring harness connector to the ESC module.
Hand tighten only.
3.
Remove the stands and blocks.
4.
Test the installation.
4010604a
Figure 4.15
Test the Installation
To test the ESC module installation, the system must be calibrated.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
45
4 Component Replacement
1.
Follow the ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure described in
this manual.
2.
When the ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure is completed,
the ABS and ATC/ESC lamps should come on and go back off
when ignition power is turned on. The ATC/ESC lamp may
remain on briefly after the ABS lamp goes off.
3.
There should not be any active faults displayed in the ECU
memory.
Figure 4.17
4006870a
Brake Pressure Sensor
Figure 4.17
Removal
6.
Disconnect the air line or unscrew the brake pressure sensor
from the air line fitting.
7.
Remove the brake pressure sensor.
WARNING
Park the vehicle on a level surface. Block the wheels to
prevent the vehicle from moving. Support the vehicle with
safety stands. Do not work under a vehicle supported only by
jacks. Jacks can slip and fall over. Serious personal injury and
damage to components can result.
Installation
1.
Connect the brake pressure sensor to the air line or attach the
sensor to the air line fitting.
1.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Apply the parking
brake.
2.
Connect the wiring harness connector to the brake pressure
sensor. Hand tighten only.
2.
Place blocks under the front and rear tires to prevent the
vehicle from moving.
3.
Remove the stands and blocks.
4.
Test the installation.
3.
If necessary, raise the vehicle off the ground and place safety
stands under the vehicle.
WARNING
Relieve line pressure by bleeding the air from the appropriate
supply tank. Pressurized air can cause serious personal injury.
4.
Relieve line pressure by bleeding the air from the
appropriate supply tank.
5.
Disconnect the wiring harness connector from the brake
pressure sensor. Figure 4.17.
46
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
Test the Installation
To test the brake pressure sensor:
1.
Turn the ignition on and verify that the ATC/ESC lamp operates
correctly.
2.
Start the vehicle and fully charge the reservoirs with air. Shut
off the vehicle.
3.
Apply the brakes and check for air leaks at the brake pressure
sensor.
4.
There should not be any active faults displayed in the ECU
memory.
5 System Configurations
System Configuration Layouts
5 System Configurations
Figure 5.3
6S/6M ABS
The most common configurations are shown in this section. Always
refer back to the vehicle OEM for the correct configuration of your
vehicle.
Refer to Figure 5.1, Figure 5.2, Figure 5.3, Figure 5.4, Figure 5.5,
Figure 5.6 and Figure 5.7 for system configuration layouts.
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
LAMPS
Figure 5.1
STANDARD OR BASIC 4S/4M ABS
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
LAMPS
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
1003365e
Figure 5.3
Figure 5.4
4S/4M ABS/ATC
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
1003363e
LAMPS
Figure 5.1
Figure 5.2
6S/4M ABS
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
ATC VALVE
LAMPS
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
1003366e
Figure 5.4
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
1003364e
Figure 5.2
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
47
5 System Configurations
Figure 5.5
Figure 5.7
6S/4M ABS/ATC
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (REAR)
4S/4M ESC/ATC
(ALSO AVAILABLE IN 6S CONFIGURATIONS)
TRACTOR
PROTECTION VALVE
TRAILER
ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
LAMPS
TRAILER STABILITY
CONTROL
MODULATOR
(OPTIONAL)
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION
(REAR)
LAMPS
ESC
MODULE
ATC VALVE
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION (FRONT)
ATC VALVE
SAS
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
1003367e
PRESSURE
SENSOR
Figure 5.5
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
Figure 5.6
4S/4M RSC/ATC
(ALSO AVAILABLE IN 6S CONFIGURATIONS)
TRAILER STABILITY
CONTROL
MODULATOR
(OPTIONAL)
TRACTOR
PROTECTION
VALVE
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION
(REAR)
TRAILER
ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
LAMPS
ATC VALVE
VALVE PACKAGE
INSTALLATION
(FRONT)
PRESSURE
SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
FRONT AXLE
ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
(OPTIONAL)
AIR LINES
ELECTRICAL LINES
4007813b
Figure 5.6
48
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
Figure 5.7
FRONT AXLE
ACTIVE
BRAKING
VALVE
4007814b
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
ECU Connector Pin Assignments
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
Refer to Figure 6.1, Figure 6.2, Figure 6.3, Figure 6.4, Figure 6.5,
Figure 6.6, Figure 6.7, Figure 6.8, Figure 6.9, Figure 6.10,
Figure 6.11, Figure 6.12, Figure 6.13 and Figure 6.14 for ECU
wiring diagrams.
Figure 6.1
BASIC
X2
X1
1
4
7
10
13
16
1
4
7
10
13
2
5
8
11
14
17
2
5
8
11
14
3
6
9
12
15
18
3
6
9
15
4004024b
BASIC ECU (CAB-MOUNTED)
Figure 6.1
Figure 6.2
UNIVERSAL
X2
X3
X1
1
4
7
10
13
1
4
7
10
13
16
1
4
7
10
13
2
5
8
11
14
2
5
8
11
14
17
2
5
8
11
14
3
6
9
12
15
3
6
9
12
15
18
3
6
9
15
4004025b
UNIVERSAL ECU (CAB-MOUNTED)
Figure 6.2
Figure 6.3
UNIVERSAL ECU (CAB-MOUNTED) WITH 4 CONNECTORS
X4
1
10 13 16
1
8
14 11 17
9
12 15 18
4
7
2
5
3
6
X2
X3
4
7
10 13
2
5
8
11 14
3
6
9
12 15
1
X1
10 13 16
1
8
14 11 17
9
12 15 18
4
7
2
5
3
6
4
7
10 13
2
5
8
11 14
3
6
9
12 15
4007395b
UNIVERSAL ECU (CAB-MOUNTED) WITH 4 CONNECTORS
Figure 6.3
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
49
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
ECU (Frame-mounted)
Figure 6.4
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
11
10
9
8
7
12
11
10
9
8
7
1
12
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
6
X2-BLACK
X1-GRAY
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
10
9
8
7
12
11
10
9
8
6
2
11
7
1
12
X3-GREEN
4004026a
FRAME-MOUNTED ECU
Figure 6.4
ECU (Frame-mounted) with ESC and/or HSA
Figure 6.5
X1-BLACK
3
4 5
FRAME MOUNT ECU WITH ESC AND/OR HSA
X2-GREEN
3
4 5
1
2
12
7
8
9
10 11
13 14
15
16 17 18
2
7
8
9
10 11
13 14
15
16 17 18
X4-BROWN
(ONLY FOR 6 CHANNEL)
1
2
3
4 5
6
1
2
3
7
7
8
9
8
9
10 11
6
6
1
12
12
X3-GREEN
4
5
6
10 11
12
4007396b
Figure 6.5
50
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
Basic ECU ABS Only with Optional Automatic Traction Control (ATC) (Cab-mounted)
Figure 6.6
OUTLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
6
OUTLET
VALVE
9
INLET
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
5
OUTLET
VALVE
8
1
4
7
ABV-
X2
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
18
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
17
SENSOR 10
18 PIN CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
SENSOR 13
ABV+ 16
1
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
ABVINLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
10
13
11
14
12
SENSOR
ABV+
SENSOR
SENSOR
15
16
17
18
J1587 B
J1587 A
J1939 L
J1939 H
BATTERY
10
11
1
3
1
16 AWG
4
4
3
3
16 AWG
6
6
2
2
16 AWG
5
5
7
8
8
16 AWG
9
9
TP
10
13
TP
11
14
TP
12
15
TP
17
18
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT REAR
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT REAR
ABS VALVE
RIGHT FRONT
SENSOR
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
REAR
ABV
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT REAR
SENSOR
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
SAE
J1939
H
3
TR-WL
2
SAE
J1939
L
1
ATC
X1
GND
JUMPER
ABS
LAMP
6
9
12
15
ABS
BAT
SAE
J1587
A
3RD
BRK
5
8
11
14
ECU-
ECU+
SAE
J1587
B
ATC
LAMP
4
7
10
13
14 PIN CONNECTOR
ECU+
8
7
RETARDER 14
TRAILER
2
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC LAMP 13
TRACTOR
15
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC SWITCH
ABS OFF
ROAD
ECUGND
6
5
TP
10
J1587 B
11
J1587 A
1
J1939 L
3
J1939 H
15A AMP
8
BAT
5A AMP
7
IGN
TP
14 AWG
86
30
85
87
RETARDER
87A
14
TRAILER INDICATOR LAMP
2
13
ATC LAMP
TRACTOR INDICATOR LAMP
15
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
ATC
SWITCH
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
4
4
9
9
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
GND*
4004027d
*All connected to a common star ground.
Figure 6.6
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
51
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Universal ECU ABS Only with Optional Automatic Traction Control (ATC) (6S/4M and 4S/4M
Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.7
ATC
X1
GND
3
6
9
ABS
BAT
SAE
J1587
A
JUMPER
ABS
LAMP
TR-WL
15
3RD
BRK
SAE
J1939
L
2
5
ECU-
8
ECU+
11
14
SAE
J1587
B
ATC
LAMP
1
4
14 PIN CONNECTOR
SAE
J1939
H
J1587 B
J1587 A
J1939 L
J1939 H
BATTERY
ECU+
7
10
13
10
11
1
3
8
7
RETARDER 14
TRAILER
2
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC LAMP 13
15
TRACTOR
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC SWITCH 6
5
ABS OFF
ROAD
4
ECU9
GND
TP
TP
10
J1587 B
11
J1587 A
1
J1939 L
3
J1939 H
14 AWG
15A AMP
8
BAT
14 AWG
10 AMP
7
IGN
86
30
85
87
RETARDER
87A
14
TRAILER INDICATOR LAMP
2
ATC LAMP
13
TRACTOR INDICATOR LAMP
15
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
ATC
SWITCH
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
4
9
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
X3
INLET
VALVE
3
SENSOR
2
AUX 1
1
OUTLET
VALVE
6
SENSOR
5
AUX 2
4
NOT
USED
9
INLET
VALVE
12
OUTLET
VALVE
15
TRL
ABV-
SENSOR
SENSOR
8
11
14
AUX 3
AUX 4
TRL
ABV+
7
15 PIN CONNECTOR
GND*
10
13
X3
X2
NOT USED 9
X1
SENSOR
2
2
SENSOR
5
5
INLET
3
OUTLET
6
SENSOR
11
11
SENSOR
14
14
INLET
12
OUTLET
15
3
16 AWG
6
12
16 AWG
15
3RD AXLE
LEFT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
LEFT ABS VALVE
3RD AXLE
RIGHT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
RIGHT ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT REAR
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT REAR
ABS VALVE
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
OUTLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
6
OUTLET
VALVE
9
INLET
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
5
OUTLET
VALVE
8
ABV-
1
4
7
X2
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
18
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
17
SENSOR 10
SENSOR 13
ABV+ 16
18 PIN CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
ABVINLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
ABV+
SENSOR
SENSOR
1
1
16 AWG
4
4
3
3
16 AWG
6
6
2
2
16 AWG
5
5
7
8
8
16 AWG
9
10
13
11
14
12
15
16
17
18
9
TP
10
13
TP
11
14
TP
12
15
TP
17
18
RIGHT FRONT
SENSOR
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
REAR
ABV
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT REAR
SENSOR
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
4004030i
Figure 6.7
52
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Universal ECU with Roll Stability Control (RSC) (6S/4M and 4S/4M Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.8
OUTLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
6
OUTLET
VALVE
9
INLET
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
5
OUTLET
VALVE
8
ABV-
1
4
7
X2
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
18
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
17
SENSOR 10
18 PIN CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
SENSOR 13
ABV+ 16
1
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 4
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 6
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 5
VALVE
7
ABV8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 9
VALVE
SENSOR
10
1
16 AWG
4
3
16 AWG
6
2
16 AWG
5
8
16 AWG
9
TP
SENSOR
SENSOR
13
11
TP
SENSOR
SENSOR
14
12
TP
SENSOR
ABV+
15
16
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT REAR
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT REAR
ABS VALVE
10
RIGHT FRONT
SENSOR
13
11
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
14
12
15
TP
REAR
ABV
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
17
18
TRL ABV-
8
8
TRL ABV+
13
13
17
RIGHT REAR
SENSOR
18
X3
INLET
VALVE
3
SENSOR
2
AUX 1
1
OUTLET
VALVE
6
SENSOR
5
AUX 2
4
NOT
USED
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
9
12
15
TRL
ABV-
SENSOR
SENSOR
8
11
14
7
AUX 3
AUX 4
TRL
ABV+
15 PIN CONNECTOR
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
10
13
TRAILER ABV
X3
X2
X1
NOT USED 9
SENSOR
2
2
SENSOR
5
5
INLET
3
OUTLET
6
SENSOR
11
11
SENSOR
14
14
INLET
12
OUTLET
15
3RD AXLE
LEFT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3
16 AWG
6
3RD AXLE
LEFT ABS VALVE
3RD AXLE
RIGHT SENSOR
12
IV
GND
OV
16 AWG
15
3RD AXLE
RIGHT ABS VALVE
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
J1587 B
SAE
J1939
H
3
TR-WL
2
SAE
J1939
L
J1587 A
J1939 L
1
J1939 H
BATTERY
X1
ATC
6
ABS
5
ECU-
4
GND
9
BAT
8
ECU+
7
SAE
J1587
A
JUMPER
ABS
LAMP
15
3RD
BRK
11
14
SAE
J1587
B
ATC
LAMP
10
13
14 PIN CONNECTOR
ECU+
TP
10
11
TP
1
3
8
7
TRACTOR
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC SWITCH 6
5
ABS OFF
ROAD
4
ECUGND
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
Momentary Switch
Optional Equipment
Twisted Pair = TP
All unmarked wires should be 16 or 18 AWG.
All fuses should be blade type.
*All connected to a common star ground.
9
J1587 A
1
J1939 L
3
J1939 H
15A AMP
8
BAT
14 AWG
5 AMP
7
IGN
86
30
85
87
RETARDER
87A
14
TRAILER INDICATOR LAMP
13
15
J1587 B
11
14 AWG
RETARDER 14
TRAILER
2
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC LAMP
10
ATC/RSC LAMP
TRACTOR INDICATOR LAMP
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
2
13
15
ATC
SWITCH
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
4
9
GND*
4004030j
Figure 6.8
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
53
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Universal ECU with RSC and Optional Front Axle Brake (6S/4M and 4S/4M Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.9
OUTLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
3
6
9
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
2
5
8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
ABV-
1
4
7
X2
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
18
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
17
SENSOR 10
18 PIN CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
SENSOR 13
ABV+ 16
1
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 4
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 6
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 5
VALVE
7
ABV8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 9
VALVE
SENSOR
10
SENSOR
SENSOR
13
11
SENSOR
SENSOR
14
12
SENSOR
ABV+
15
16
1
16 AWG
4
3
16 AWG
6
2
16 AWG
5
8
16 AWG
9
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT REAR
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT REAR
ABS VALVE
FRONT AXLE BRAKE (OPTIONAL)
16
GND
13
7
10
1
3
2
5
4
GND
p
POWER
PRESSURE SENSOR
U
TP
10
RIGHT FRONT
SENSOR
13
TP
X4
14
8
9
11
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
14
TP
11
12
REAR
ABV
12
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
15
6
15
TP
SENSOR
SENSOR
17
18
TRL ABV-
8
8
TRL ABV+
13
13
17
RIGHT REAR
SENSOR
18
17
18
X3
INLET
VALVE
3
SENSOR
2
AUX 1
1
OUTLET
VALVE
6
SENSOR
5
AUX 2
4
NOT
USED
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
9
12
15
TRL
ABV-
SENSOR
SENSOR
8
11
14
7
AUX 3
AUX 4
15 PIN CONNECTOR
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
10
TRL
ABV+ 13
TRAILER ABV
NOT USED 9
SENSOR
2
2
SENSOR
5
5
INLET
3
3
16 AWG
OUTLET
6
SENSOR
11
11
SENSOR
14
14
INLET
12
OUTLET
15
6
12
16 AWG
15
3RD AXLE
LEFT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
X4
3RD AXLE
LEFT ABS VALVE
X3
X2
X1
3RD AXLE
RIGHT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
RIGHT ABS VALVE
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
J1587 B
SAE
J1939
H
3
TR-WL
2
SAE
J1939
L
J1587 A
J1939 L
1
J1939 H
BATTERY
X1
ATC
6
ABS
5
ECU-
4
GND
9
BAT
8
ECU+
7
SAE
J1587
A
JUMPER
ABS
LAMP
15
3RD
BRK
11
14
SAE
J1587
B
ATC
LAMP
10
13
14 PIN CONNECTOR
ECU+
TP
10
11
TP
1
3
8
7
TRACTOR
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC SWITCH 6
5
ABS OFF
ROAD
4
ECUGND
9
J1939 L
3
J1939 H
8
BAT
14 AWG
5 AMP
7
IGN
86
30
85
87
RETARDER
87A
14
ATC/RSC LAMP
TRACTOR INDICATOR LAMP
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
2
13
15
ATC
SWITCH
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
4
9
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
Momentary Switch
Optional Equipment
Twisted Pair = TP
All unmarked wires should be 16 or 18 AWG.
All fuses should be blade type.
*All connected to a common star ground.
Figure 6.9
54
J1587 A
1
15A AMP
TRAILER INDICATOR LAMP
13
15
J1587 B
11
14 AWG
RETARDER 14
TRAILER
2
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC LAMP
10
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
GND*
4004030k
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Universal ECU with Electronic Stability Control (ESC) (6S/4M and 4S/4M Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.10
OUTLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
3
6
9
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
2
5
8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
ABV-
1
4
7
X2
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
18
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
17
SENSOR 10
18 PIN CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
SENSOR 13
ABV+ 16
1
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 4
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 6
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 5
VALVE
7
ABV8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 9
VALVE
SENSOR
10
SENSOR
13
1
16 AWG
4
3
16 AWG
6
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT FRONT
ABS VALVE
FRONT AXLE ABV
SAS
MODULE
(SAS)
16
GND
GND
ESC
MODULE
CAN
2
16 AWG
5
13
U
IV
GND
OV
LEFT REAR
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT REAR
ABS VALVE
7
10
L 1
H 3
2
5
4
8
16 AWG
9
TP
10
11
14
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
ABV+
SENSOR
16
17
SENSOR
18
TRL ABV-
8
8
TRL ABV+
13
13
11
12
U
11
14
X4
8
12
REAR
ABV
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
15
PRESSURE SENSOR
9
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
14
TP
p
RIGHT FRONT
SENSOR
13
TP
SENSOR
SENSOR
GND
DRIVER’S
BRAKE
DEMAND
6
15
TP
17
17
RIGHT REAR
SENSOR
18
18
X3
INLET
VALVE
3
SENSOR
2
AUX 1
1
OUTLET
VALVE
6
SENSOR
5
AUX 2
4
NOT
USED
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
9
12
15
TRL
ABV-
SENSOR
SENSOR
8
11
14
7
AUX 3
AUX 4
TRL
ABV+
15 PIN CONNECTOR
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
10
13
X4
TRAILER ABV
X3
X2
X1
NOT USED 9
SENSOR
2
2
SENSOR
5
5
INLET
3
OUTLET
6
SENSOR
11
11
SENSOR
14
14
INLET
12
OUTLET
15
3
16 AWG
6
12
16 AWG
15
3RD AXLE
LEFT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
LEFT ABS VALVE
3RD AXLE
RIGHT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
RIGHT ABS VALVE
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
J1587 B
J1587 A
X1
3
TR-WL
2
SAE
J1939
L
1
ATC
6
ABS
5
ECU-
4
GND
9
BAT
8
ECU+
7
SAE
J1587
A
JUMPER
ABS
LAMP
15
3RD
BRK
11
14
SAE
J1587
B
ATC
LAMP
10
13
14 PIN CONNECTOR
SAE
J1939
H
J1939 L
J1939 H
1
3
BATTERY
ECU+
8
7
RETARDER 14
TRAILER
2
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC LAMP 13
15
TRACTOR
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC SWITCH 6
5
ABS OFF
ROAD
4
ECU9
GND
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
Momentary Switch
Optional Equipment
Twisted Pair = TP
All unmarked wires should be 16 or 18 AWG.
All fuses should be blade type.
*All connected to a common star ground.
TP
10
11
TP
10
J1587 B
11
J1587 A
1
J1939 L
3
J1939 H
14 AWG
15A AMP
8
BAT
14 AWG
10 AMP
7
IGN
86
30
85
87
RETARDER
87A
14
TRAILER INDICATOR LAMP
ATC/RSC LAMP
TRACTOR INDICATOR LAMP
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
2
13
15
ATC
SWITCH
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
4
9
GND*
4007397b
Figure 6.10
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
55
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Universal ECU with ESC and Hill Start Aid (HSA) (6S/4M and 4S/4M Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.11
OUTLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
3
6
9
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
INLET
VALVE
2
5
8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
ABV-
1
4
7
X2
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
18
SENSOR
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
17
SENSOR 10
18 PIN CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
SENSOR 13
ABV+ 16
1
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 4
VALVE
3
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 6
VALVE
2
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 5
VALVE
7
ABV8
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET 9
VALVE
SENSOR
10
SENSOR
13
SENSOR
SENSOR
11
14
SENSOR
SENSOR
12
15
ABV+
SENSOR
16
17
SENSOR
18
1
16 AWG
4
3
16 AWG
6
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT FRONT
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
LEFT FRONT
ABS VALVE
FRONT AXLE ABV
SAS
MODULE
(SAS)
16
GND
GND
ESC
MODULE
CAN
2
16 AWG
5
13
U
IV
GND
OV
LEFT REAR
ABS VALVE
IV
GND
OV
RIGHT REAR
ABS VALVE
7
10
L 1
H 3
2
5
4
8
16 AWG
9
TP
10
11
12
U
11
14
8
12
REAR
ABV
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
15
PRESSURE SENSOR
9
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
14
TP
p
RIGHT FRONT
SENSOR
13
TP
GND
DRIVER’S
BRAKE
DEMAND
6
15
TP
17
17
RIGHT REAR
SENSOR
18
18
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
INLET
VALVE
3
SENSOR
2
HSA
LAMP
5
HSA
SWITCH
1
HSA SWITCH 4
X4
X3
NOT
USED
INLET
VALVE
OUTLET
VALVE
6
9
12
15
SENSOR
TRL
ABV-
SENSOR
SENSOR
8
11
14
4
7
AUX 3
AUX 4
TRL
ABV+
15 PIN CONNECTOR
HSA LAMP 1
OUTLET
VALVE
10
13
TRL ABV-
8
TRL ABV+
13
8
GND
RSC VALVE
X3
X2
13
X1
NOT USED 9
2
SENSOR
2
SENSOR
5
INLET
3
OUTLET
6
SENSOR
11
11
SENSOR
14
14
INLET
12
OUTLET
15
3RD AXLE
LEFT SENSOR
5
3
16 AWG
6
12
16 AWG
15
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
LEFT ABS VALVE
3RD AXLE
RIGHT SENSOR
IV
GND
OV
3RD AXLE
RIGHT ABS VALVE
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
J1587 B
J1587 A
X1
3
TR-WL
2
SAE
J1939
L
1
ATC
6
ABS
5
ECU-
4
GND
9
BAT
8
ECU+
7
SAE
J1587
A
JUMPER
ABS
LAMP
15
3RD
BRK
11
14
SAE
J1587
B
ATC
LAMP
10
13
14 PIN CONNECTOR
SAE
J1939
H
J1939 L
J1939 H
1
3
BATTERY
ECU+
8
7
RETARDER 14
TRAILER
2
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC LAMP 13
15
TRACTOR
INDICATOR
LAMP
ATC SWITCH 6
5
ABS OFF
ROAD
4
ECU9
GND
BACK VIEW OF HARNESS CONNECTOR
Momentary Switch
Optional Equipment
Twisted Pair = TP
All unmarked wires should be 16 or 18 AWG.
All fuses should be blade type.
*All connected to a common star ground.
Figure 6.11
56
TP
10
11
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
TP
10
J1587 B
11
J1587 A
1
J1939 L
3
J1939 H
14 AWG
15A AMP
8
BAT
14 AWG
5 AMP
7
IGN
86
30
85
87
RETARDER
87A
14
TRAILER INDICATOR LAMP
ATC/RSC LAMP
TRACTOR INDICATOR LAMP
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
2
13
15
ATC
SWITCH
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
4
9
GND*
4008457b
X4
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Frame-mounted ECU ABS or RSC (6S/4M and 4S/4M Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.12
+12V IGN
OR BATTERY
TP
SENSOR
R3RD
(6S/4M AND 6S/6M ONLY)
12V
IGN
6
*4 VALVES – 5 AMP
*6 VALVES – 10 AMP
15AMP
5 OR
10 AMP*
7
OUTLET
5
8
4
9
COMMON
16 AWG
ABS VALVE
RIGHT 3RD
(6S/6M ONLY)
3
SENSOR
L3RD
(6S/4M AND 6S/6M ONLY)
86
85
30
87A
10
87
OUTLET
2
11
1
12
16 AWG
ABS OFF ROAD SWITCH
COMMON
+12V
+12V
14 AWG
GND
14 AWG
GND
GND
INLET
TP
14 AWG
14 AWG
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
ABS LAMP
BLINK CODE
ATC SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
ATC/RSC LAMP
INLET
TO RETARDER
30
TO RETARDER
87A
11
2
10
3
TP
J1587 -B
9
4
8
5
7
6
J1587 +A
86
GND
X4-BROWN
(FOR 6 CHANNEL ONLY)
1
GND
LAMP
ABS VALVE
LEFT 3RD
(6S/6M ONLY)
12
85
RETARDER
TP
J1939 - H
J1939 - L
TRAILER WL
X1-GRAY
TRAILER
ABV
6
5
7
8
REAR AXLE
ABV
16 AWG
OUTLET
COMMON
3
9
TP
ABS VALVE
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT REAR
16 AWG
ABS VALVE
RIGHT FRONT
COMMON
INLET
1
12
X3-GREEN
TP
SENSOR
LEFT REAR
16 AWG
11
2
10
3
9
4
8
5
7
6
OUTLET
10
11
COMMON
OUTLET
OUTLET
2
1
INLET
ABS VALVE
RIGHT REAR
INLET
4
12
COMMON
16 AWG
INLET
ABS VALVE
LEFT REAR
SENSOR
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT FRONT
TP
TP
X2-BLACK
4004031d
Figure 6.12
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
57
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Frame-mounted ECU with ESC (6S/4M and 4S/4M Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.13
BATTERY
TP
SENSOR
R3RD
15AMP
(6S/4M AND 6S/6M ONLY)
+12V
IGN
6
15AMP
7
14 AWG
14 AWG
+12V
+12V
14 AWG
GND
14 AWG
GND
OUTLET
5
8
4
9
COMMON
16 AWG
ABS VALVE
RIGHT 3RD
(6S/6M ONLY)
INLET
3
10
2
11
1
12
TP
SENSOR
LEFT 3RD
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
86
30
GND
AUX 1
85
87A
(6S/4M AND 6S/6M ONLY)
ABS
LAMP
87
OUTLET
16 AWG
COMMON
ABS VALVE
LEFT 3RD
(6S/6M ONLY)
INLET
J1587+A
J1587-B
DRIVER’S
BRAKE
DEMAND
86
87A
TO RETARDER
X4-BROWN
(FOR 6 CHANNEL ONLY)
TRAILER
ABV
ATC SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
ATC/RSC/ESC
LAMP
TO RETARDER
30
13
7
1
14
8
2
15
9
3
16
10
4
17
11
5
18
12
6
LD-GND
85
GND
PRESSURE
SENSOR SIGNAL
P
RETARDER
ABS OFF-ROAD
SWITCH (OPTIONAL)
TRAILER WL
J1939-H
J1939-L
X1-BLACK
CAN-L
STEERING
ANGLE
SENSOR
(SAS)
6
5
7
8
REAR AXLE
ABV
16 AWG
GND
OUTLET
COMMON
ABS VALVE
RIGHT REAR
3
9
TP
SENSOR
RIGHT REAR
16 AWG
ABS VALVE
RIGHT FRONT
12
TP
1
COMMON
16 AWG
14
8
2
15
9
3
COMMON
COMMON
16 AWG
16
10
4
17
11
5
18
12
6
INLET
ABS VALVE
LEFT REAR
INLET
1
7
OUTLET
10
11
13
OUTLET
OUTLET
2
Ub
INLET
ABS VALVE
LEFT FRONT
INLET
4
CAN-H
ESC
MODULE
SENSOR
LEFT REAR
X3-GREEN
FRONT AXLE
ABV
LD-GND
SENSOR
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT FRONT
TP
TP
X2-GREEN
4010642a
Figure 6.13
58
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
6 Wiring Diagrams and Connectors
6S/6M Frame-mounted ECU with ESC and Hill Start Aid (HSA) (6S/4M and 4S/4M with HSA and without ESC
Configurations are also available)
Figure 6.14
BATTERY
TP
SENSOR
R3RD
15AMP
(6S/4M AND 6S/6M ONLY)
+12V
IGN
6
15AMP
7
14 AWG
14 AWG
+12V
+12V
14 AWG
GND
14 AWG
GND
OUTLET
5
8
COMMON
16 AWG
ABS VALVE
RIGHT 3RD
(6S/6M ONLY)
INLET
4
9
3
10
2
11
1
12
TP
SENSOR
LEFT 3RD
BLINK CODE
SWITCH
86
30
GND
87A
(6S/4M AND 6S/6M ONLY)
OUTLET
COMMON
ABS
LAMP
ABS VALVE
LEFT 3RD
(6S/6M ONLY)
INLET
TRAILER
ABV
ATC SWITCH
(OPTIONAL)
J1587+A
J1587-B
ATC/RSC/ESC
LAMP
TO RETARDER
30
DRIVER’S
BRAKE
DEMAND
86
GND
PRESSURE
SENSOR SIGNAL
P
HSA
SWITCH
87A
TO RETARDER
X4-BROWN
(FOR 6 CHANNEL ONLY)
13
7
1
14
8
2
15
9
3
16
10
4
17
11
5
18
12
6
LD-GND
87
16 AWG
HSA
LAMP
85
85
RETARDER
ABS OFF-ROAD
SWITCH (OPTIONAL)
TRAILER WL
J1939-H
J1939-L
X1-BLACK
CAN-L
STEERING
ANGLE
SENSOR
(SAS)
6
5
REAR AXLE
ABV
16 AWG
GND
OUTLET
COMMON
ABS VALVE
RIGHT REAR
3
9
TP
ABS VALVE
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT REAR
16 AWG
ABS VALVE
RIGHT FRONT
COMMON
INLET
1
12
X3-GREEN
TP
SENSOR
LEFT REAR
1
COMMON
16 AWG
14
8
2
15
9
3
16
10
4
17
11
5
18
12
6
OUTLET
10
11
7
OUTLET
OUTLET
2
13
INLET
INLET
4
Ub
ESC
MODULE
7
8
CAN-H
COMMON
16 AWG
INLET
ABS VALVE
LEFT REAR
FRONT AXLE
ABV
LD-GND
SENSOR
LEFT FRONT
SENSOR
RIGHT FRONT
TP
TP
X2-GREEN
4010643a
Figure 6.14
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
59
60
SID
1
1
1
1
1
1
SPN
789
789
789
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
789
789
789
6
5
4
3
2
1
FMI
4+2
4+2
4+2
4+2
5+2
3+2
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Short Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Warning
Light
Incorrect Tire
Air Gap
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Cause
Action
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
• Check for tire size mismatch.
• Check for correct number of tone ring teeth.
• Verify that ECU is programmed for the correct vehicle.
• Contact Meritor WABCO or OEM.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify no DC voltage through sensor circuit Key ON.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for continuity between the ABS sensor connection and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Check sensor, sensor cable and connectors to verify no loose or damaged connection.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
Sensor air gap is too
large; sensor output
voltage is too low
but is high enough to
be read by ECU.
System has
detected a
significant difference
in the proportion of
tire diameter to
number of tone ring
teeth between wheel
ends. 10% (+/-2%)
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
battery voltage
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
ground (short circuit)
is detected.
An open circuit has
been detected, i.e.
ECU detects a
disconnected wheel
speed sensor.
Continuity
interruption between
the sensor
connections (short
circuit) has been
detected.
Left Front Wheel Speed Sensor
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
SPN SID FMI Fault Code List
Figure 7.1
1
789
1
1
789
789
1
789
1
1
789
789
SID
SPN
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
5+2
5+2
3+2
5+2
3+2
6+2
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Frequency
Too High
ABS WL
Speed
Drop-Out
ABS WL
ABS WL
Wires
Mismatched
Abnormal
Speed
(Chatter)
ABS WL
ABS WL
Incorrect Tone
Ring
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check if brake at this location is operating correctly, i.e., potentially dragging.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) if the fault does not clear.
Brake drag or
chatter has been
detected. Abnormal
vibrations detected
which affect sensor
signal.
A non-plausible
sensor frequency
has been measured.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip as well as the mounting block.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A temporary loss of
the ABS wheel
speed signal has
been detected.
• Check for mismatch fault of another sensor.
• Verify correct harness location and wiring for sensor.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tooth wheel.
• Check sensor gap.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check for damaged or missing teeth on tone ring.
• Verify tone ring is not corroded or with contamination.
Action
• Adjust wheel speed sensor until it touches the tone ring.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A sensor lead from
an incorrect wheel
end has been
detected.
Wheel slip over 16
seconds
continuously has
been detected.
Wheel speed signal
drops out
periodically at
speeds higher than
6 mph
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.2
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
61
62
SID
2
2
2
2
2
2
SPN
790
790
790
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
790
790
790
6
5
4
3
2
1
FMI
4+1
4+2
4+1
4+1
5+1
3+1
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Short Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Warning
Light
Incorrect Tire
Air Gap
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Cause
Action
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
• Check for tire size mismatch.
• Check for correct number of tone ring teeth.
• Verify that ECU is programmed for the correct vehicle.
• Contact Meritor WABCO or OEM.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify no DC voltage through sensor circuit Key ON.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for continuity between the ABS sensor connection and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Check sensor, sensor cable and connectors to verify no loose or damaged connection.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
Sensor air gap is too
large, sensor output
voltage is too low
but is high enough to
be read by ECU.
System has
detected a
significant difference
in the proportion of
tire diameter to
number of tone ring
teeth between wheel
ends. 10% (+/-2%)
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
battery voltage
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
ground (short circuit)
is detected.
An open circuit has
been detected, i.e.
ECU detects a
disconnected wheel
speed sensor.
Continuity
interruption between
the sensor
connections (short
circuit) has been
detected.
Right Front Wheel Speed Sensor
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.3
2
790
2
2
790
790
2
790
2
2
790
790
SID
SPN
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
5+1
5+1
3+1
5+1
3+1
6+1
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Frequency
Too High
ABS WL
Speed
Drop-Out
ABS WL
ABS WL
Wires
Mismatched
Abnormal
Speed
(Chatter)
ABS WL
ABS WL
Incorrect Tone
Ring
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check if brake at this location is operating correctly, i.e., potentially dragging.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) if the fault does not clear.
Brake drag or
chatter has been
detected. Abnormal
vibrations detected
which affect sensor
signal.
A non-plausible
sensor frequency
has been measured.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip as well as the mounting block.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A temporary loss of
the ABS wheel
speed signal has
been detected.
• Check for mismatch fault of another sensor.
• Verify correct harness location and wiring for sensor.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tooth wheel.
• Check sensor gap.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check for damaged or missing teeth on tone ring.
• Verify tone ring is not corroded or with contamination.
Action
• Adjust wheel speed sensor until it touches the tone ring.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A sensor lead from
an incorrect wheel
end has been
detected.
Wheel slip over 16
seconds
continuously has
been detected.
Wheel speed signal
drops out
periodically at
speeds higher than
6 mph
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.4
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
63
64
SID
3
3
3
3
3
3
SPN
791
791
791
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
791
791
791
6
5
4
3
2
1
FMI
4+4
4+4
4+4
4+4
5+4
3+4
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Short Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Warning
Light
Incorrect Tire
Air Gap
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Cause
Action
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
• Check for tire size mismatch.
• Check for correct number of tone ring teeth.
• Verify that ECU is programmed for the correct vehicle.
• Contact Meritor WABCO or OEM.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify no DC voltage through sensor circuit Key ON.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for continuity between the ABS sensor connection and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Check sensor, sensor cable and connectors to verify no loose or damaged connection.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
Sensor air gap is too
large, sensor output
voltage is too low
but is high enough to
be read by ECU.
System has
detected a
significant difference
in the proportion of
tire diameter to
number of tone ring
teeth between wheel
ends. 10% (+/-2%)
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
battery voltage
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
ground (short circuit)
is detected.
An open circuit has
been detected, i.e.
ECU detects a
disconnected wheel
speed sensor.
Continuity
interruption between
the sensor
connections (short
circuit) has been
detected.
Left Rear Wheel Speed Sensor
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.5
3
791
3
3
791
791
3
791
3
3
791
791
SID
SPN
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
5+4
5+4
3+4
5+4
3+4
6+4
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Frequency
Too High
ABS WL
Speed
Drop-Out
ABS WL
ABS WL
Wires
Mismatched
Abnormal
Speed
(Chatter)
ABS WL
ABS WL
Incorrect Tone
Ring
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check if brake at this location is operating correctly, i.e., potentially dragging.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) if the fault does not clear.
Brake drag or
chatter has been
detected. Abnormal
vibrations detected
which affect sensor
signal.
A non-plausible
sensor frequency
has been measured.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip as well as the mounting block.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A temporary loss of
the ABS wheel
speed signal has
been detected.
• Check for mismatch fault of another sensor.
• Verify correct harness location and wiring for sensor.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tooth wheel.
• Check sensor gap.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check for damaged or missing teeth on tone ring.
• Verify tone ring is not corroded or with contamination.
Action
• Adjust wheel speed sensor until it touches the tone ring.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A sensor lead from
an incorrect wheel
end has been
detected.
Wheel slip over 16
seconds
continuously has
been detected.
Wheel speed signal
drops out
periodically at
speeds higher than
6 mph
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.6
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
65
66
SID
4
4
4
4
4
4
SPN
792
792
792
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
792
792
792
6
5
4
3
2
1
FMI
4+3
4+3
4+3
4+3
5+3
3+3
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Short Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Warning
Light
Incorrect Tire
Air Gap
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Cause
Action
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
• Check for tire size mismatch.
• Check for correct number of tone ring teeth.
• Verify that ECU is programmed for the correct vehicle.
• Contact Meritor WABCO or OEM.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify no DC voltage through sensor circuit Key ON.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for continuity between the ABS sensor connection and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Check sensor, sensor cable and connectors to verify no loose or damaged connection.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
Sensor air gap is too
large, sensor output
voltage is too low
but is high enough to
be read by ECU.
System has
detected a
significant difference
in the proportion of
tire diameter to
number of tone ring
teeth between wheel
ends. 10% (+/-2%)
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
battery voltage
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
ground (short circuit)
is detected.
An open circuit has
been detected, i.e.
ECU detects a
disconnected wheel
speed sensor.
Continuity
interruption between
the sensor
connections (short
circuit) has been
detected.
Right Rear Wheel Speed Sensor
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.7
4
792
4
4
792
792
4
792
4
4
792
792
SID
SPN
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
5+3
5+3
3+3
5+3
3+3
6+3
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Frequency
Too High
ABS WL
Speed
Drop-Out
ABS WL
ABS WL
Wires
Mismatched
Abnormal
Speed
(Chatter)
ABS WL
ABS WL
Incorrect Tone
Ring
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check if brake at this location is operating correctly, i.e., potentially dragging.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) if the fault does not clear.
Brake drag or
chatter has been
detected. Abnormal
vibrations detected
which affect sensor
signal.
A non-plausible
sensor frequency
has been measured.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip as well as the mounting block.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A temporary loss of
the ABS wheel
speed signal has
been detected.
• Check for mismatch fault of another sensor.
• Verify correct harness location and wiring for sensor.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tooth wheel.
• Check sensor gap.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check for damaged or missing teeth on tone ring.
• Verify tone ring is not corroded or with contamination.
Action
• Adjust wheel speed sensor until it touches the tone ring.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A sensor lead from
an incorrect wheel
end has been
detected.
Wheel slip over 16
seconds
continuously has
been detected.
Wheel speed signal
drops out
periodically at
speeds higher than
6 mph
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.8
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
67
68
SID
5
5
5
5
5
5
SPN
793
793
793
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
793
793
793
6
5
4
3
2
1
FMI
4+6
4+6
4+6
4+6
5+6
3+6
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Short Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Warning
Light
Incorrect Tire
Air Gap
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
• Check for tire size mismatch.
• Check for correct number of tone ring teeth.
• Verify that ECU is programmed for the correct vehicle.
• Contact Meritor WABCO or OEM.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify no DC voltage through sensor circuit Key ON.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for continuity between the ABS sensor connection and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Check sensor, sensor cable and connectors to verify no loose or damaged connection.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
Sensor air gap is too
large, sensor output
voltage is too low
but is high enough to
be read by ECU.
System has
detected a
significant difference
in the proportion of
tire diameter to
number of tone ring
teeth between wheel
ends. 10% (+/-2%)
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
battery voltage
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
ground (short circuit)
is detected.
An open circuit has
been detected, i.e.
ECU detects a
disconnected wheel
speed sensor.
Continuity
interruption between
the sensor
connections (short
circuit) has been
detected.
System
Cause
Action
Reaction
Left Third Axle Wheel Speed Sensor
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.9
5
793
5
5
793
793
5
793
5
5
793
793
SID
SPN
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
5+6
5+6
3+6
5+6
3+6
6+6
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Frequency
Too High
ABS WL
Speed
Drop-Out
ABS WL
ABS WL
Wires
Mismatched
Abnormal
Speed
(Chatter)
ABS WL
ABS WL
Incorrect Tone
Ring
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check if brake at this location is operating correctly, i.e., potentially dragging.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) if the fault does not clear.
Brake drag or
chatter has been
detected. Abnormal
vibrations detected
which affect sensor
signal.
A non-plausible
sensor frequency
has been measured.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip as well as the mounting block.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A temporary loss of
the ABS wheel
speed signal has
been detected.
• Check for mismatch fault of another sensor.
• Verify correct harness location and wiring for sensor.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tooth wheel.
• Check sensor gap.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check for damaged or missing teeth on tone ring.
• Verify tone ring is not corroded or with contamination.
Action
• Adjust wheel speed sensor until it touches the tone ring.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A sensor lead from
an incorrect wheel
end has been
detected.
Wheel slip over 16
seconds
continuously has
been detected.
Wheel speed signal
drops out
periodically at
speeds higher than
6 mph
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.10
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
69
70
SID
6
6
6
6
6
6
SPN
794
794
794
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
794
794
794
6
5
4
3
2
1
FMI
4+5
4+5
4+5
4+5
5+5
3+5
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Short Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Warning
Light
Incorrect Tire
Air Gap
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
• Check for tire size mismatch.
• Check for correct number of tone ring teeth.
• Verify that ECU is programmed for the correct vehicle.
• Contact Meritor WABCO or OEM.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify no DC voltage through sensor circuit Key ON.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for continuity between the ABS sensor connection and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Check sensor, sensor cable and connectors to verify no loose or damaged connection.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Verify wheel speed sensor wires are not switched left/right.
• Verify 900-2000 ohms resistance through sensor circuit.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
Sensor air gap is too
large, sensor output
voltage is too low
but is high enough to
be read by ECU.
System has
detected a
significant difference
in the proportion of
tire diameter to
number of tone ring
teeth between wheel
ends. 10% (+/-2%)
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
battery voltage
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
the sensor
connection and
ground (short circuit)
is detected.
An open circuit has
been detected, i.e.
ECU detects a
disconnected wheel
speed sensor.
Continuity
interruption between
the sensor
connections (short
circuit) has been
detected.
System
Cause
Action
Reaction
Right Third Axle Wheel Speed Sensor
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.11
6
794
6
6
794
794
6
794
6
6
794
794
SID
SPN
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
5+5
5+5
3+5
5+5
3+5
6+5
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Frequency
Too High
ABS WL
Speed
Drop-Out
ABS WL
ABS WL
Wires
Mismatched
Abnormal
Speed
(Chatter)
ABS WL
ABS WL
Incorrect Tone
Ring
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check if brake at this location is operating correctly, i.e., potentially dragging.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) if the fault does not clear.
Brake drag or
chatter has been
detected. Abnormal
vibrations detected
which affect sensor
signal.
A non-plausible
sensor frequency
has been measured.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip as well as the mounting block.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A temporary loss of
the ABS wheel
speed signal has
been detected.
• Check for mismatch fault of another sensor.
• Verify correct harness location and wiring for sensor.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tooth wheel.
• Check sensor gap.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check for damaged or missing teeth on tone ring.
• Verify tone ring is not corroded or with contamination.
Action
• Adjust wheel speed sensor until it touches the tone ring.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check sensor wiring and connectors for intermittent contact.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check mounting of tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the ABS wheel speed
sensor.
• Turn the wheel at half a revolution per second and verify 0.2 AC volt sensor output
voltage.
A sensor lead from
an incorrect wheel
end has been
detected.
Wheel slip over 16
seconds
continuously has
been detected.
Wheel speed signal
drops out
periodically at
speeds higher than
6 mph
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.12
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
71
72
SID
7
7
7
8
8
8
SPN
795
795
795
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
796
796
796
6
5
3
6
5
3
FMI
2+1
2+1
2+1
2+2
2+2
2+2
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
Warning
Light
Description
Cause
Action
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check if connectors are fully seated and verify no open connections.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
ECU has detected
that Inlet (IV), Outlet
(OV) or both are not
connected.
Continuity between
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
(OV) and ground
(short circuit) is
detected.
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check if connectors are fully seated and verify no open connections.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
ECU has detected
that Inlet (IV), Outlet
(OV) or both are not
connected.
Continuity between
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
(OV) and ground
(short circuit) is
detected.
Right Front Modulator Valve
Continuity between
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
ABS Wheel
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
(OV) and battery
Disabled
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
voltage or another
• Verify no voltage between Inlet/Outlet circuit and ground at the valve.
modulator wire
ESC/RSC/ATC/
• Verify no voltage through the harness with ECU unplugged and Key ON.
(short circuit) is
HSA Disabled
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
detected.
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Left Front Modulator Valve
Continuity between
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
ABS Wheel
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
(OV) and battery
Disabled
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
voltage or another
• Verify no voltage between Inlet/Outlet circuit and ground at the valve.
modulator wire
ESC/RSC/ATC/
• Verify no voltage through the harness with ECU unplugged and Key ON.
(short circuit) is
HSA Disabled
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
detected.
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.13
10
10
798
9
797
798
9
797
10
9
797
798
SID
SPN
6
5
3
6
5
3
FMI
2+3
2+3
2+3
2+4
2+4
2+4
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
Warning
Light
Description
Cause
Action
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check if connectors are fully seated and verify no open connections.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
ECU has detected
that Inlet (IV), Outlet
(OV) or both are not
connected.
Continuity between
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
(OV) and ground
(short circuit) is
detected.
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check if connectors are fully seated and verify no open connections.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
ECU has detected
that Inlet (IV), Outlet
(OV) or both are not
connected.
Continuity between
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
(OV) and ground
(short circuit) is
detected.
Right Rear Modulator Valve
Continuity between
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
ABS Wheel
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
(OV) and battery
Disabled
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
voltage or another
• Verify no voltage between Inlet/Outlet circuit and ground at the valve.
modulator wire
ESC/RSC/ATC/
• Verify no voltage through the harness with ECU unplugged and Key ON.
(short circuit) is
HSA Disabled
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
detected.
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Left Rear Modulator Valve
Continuity between
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
ABS Wheel
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
(OV) and battery
Disabled
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
voltage or another
• Verify no voltage between Inlet/Outlet circuit and ground at the valve.
modulator wire
ESC/RSC/ATC/
• Verify no voltage through the harness with ECU unplugged and Key ON.
(short circuit) is
HSA Disabled
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
detected.
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.14
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
73
74
SID
11
11
11
12
12
12
SPN
799
799
799
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
800
800
800
6
5
3
6
5
3
FMI
2+5
2+5
2+5
2+6
2+6
2+6
Blink
Code
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
Ground
Open Circuit
ABS WL
ABS WL
Shorted to
UBATT
Open Circuit
Warning
Light
Description
Cause
Action
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check if connectors are fully seated and verify no open connections.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
ECU has detected
that Inlet (IV), Outlet
(OV) or both are not
connected.
Continuity between
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
(OV) and ground
(short circuit) is
detected.
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check if connectors are fully seated and verify no open connections.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
ECU has detected
that Inlet (IV), Outlet
(OV) or both are not
connected.
Continuity between
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
(OV) and ground
(short circuit) is
detected.
Right Third Axle Modulator Valve
Continuity between
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
ABS Wheel
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
(OV) and battery
Disabled
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
voltage or another
• Verify no voltage between Inlet/Outlet circuit and ground at the valve.
modulator wire
ESC/RSC/ATC/
• Verify no voltage through the harness with ECU unplugged and Key ON.
(short circuit) is
HSA Disabled
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
detected.
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
Left Third Axle Modulator Valve
Continuity between
• Verify valve resistance of 4.0-9.0 ohm between IV to ground and OV to ground for 12v
Inlet (IV) or Outlet
ABS Wheel
system (11.0-21.0 ohms for 24v system).
(OV) and battery
Disabled
• Verify resistance through harness and valve together is the same as valve by itself.
voltage or another
• Verify no voltage between Inlet/Outlet circuit and ground at the valve.
modulator wire
ESC/RSC/ATC/
• Verify no voltage through the harness with ECU unplugged and Key ON.
(short circuit) is
HSA Disabled
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the modulator valve.
detected.
System
Reaction
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.15
15
803
14
802
14
13
801
802
13
801
14
13
801
802
SID
SPN
3
7
5
4
6
5
3
FMI
8+5
8+3
8+5
8+1
7+3
7+3
7+3
Blink
Code
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Internal
Voltage
SUpply
All ABVs
Output
Shorted to
UBATT
ABS WL
(while
supply
voltage is
detected
as
too low)
ESC/RSC/ATC
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
• Measure the battery or ignition voltage supply. Verify voltage is between 9v-16v (12v
system) or 18v-32v (24v system).
• Verify proper ECU and battery ground (less than 1 ohm)
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and voltage supply as well as
ground path.
• Replace ECU if all wiring checks are within spec and if fault repeats and does not clear.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect ABV ground circuit and voltage supply.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABV.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve output
and voltage supply
(short circuit) is
detected.
• Verify proper ECU central ground (less than 1 ohm resistance).
• Check for corroded, loose or damaged wiring between the ECU and central ground
path.
A failure was
detected on the
internal ECU relay 1.
The ECUs
connection to central
ground has been
interrupted or the
resistance measured
is too high.
The supply voltage
is temporarily too
low.
• Measure the battery or ignition voltage under load. Verify voltage does not drop below
9v (12v system) or 18v (24v system).
• Verify proper ECU and battery ground (less than 1 ohm)
• Check the vehicle battery and associated components (alternator).
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and voltage supply as well as
ground path.
• Check conditions of fuses.
System
Cause
Action
Reaction
Engine Retarder Relay, Automatic Third Brake Application Relay
• Check for continuity between the retarder relay output and voltage supply.
Continuity between
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the relay.
the retarder relay
Hardwired
• Verify if vehicle is equipped with an engine retarder relay or a third brake relay such as
ABS WL
Retarder Control output and the
driveline brake, exhaust brake or engine brake. If hardwired retarder control is not
battery voltage has
is Disabled
installed on the vehicle but this fault is present, the operator should perform “Reset
been detected.
Memorized Components” TOOLBOX™procedure.
• Check for broken wires or connectors and verify all connections are fully seated, relay
ECU has detected
present and operational.
that the retarder
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the relay.
Hardwired
• Verify if vehicle is equipped with an engine retarder relay or a third brake relay such as
ABS WL
Retarder Control relay is not
connected but was
driveline brake, exhaust brake or engine brake. If hardwired retarder control is not
is Disabled
previously learned.
installed on the vehicle but this fault is present, the operator should perform “Reset
Memorized Components” through TOOLBOX™software.
• Check for continuity between the retarder relay output and ground.
Continuity between
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and the relay.
Hardwired
the retarder relay
• Verify if vehicle is equipped with an engine retarder relay or a third brake relay such as
ABS WL
Retarder Control
output and ground
driveline brake, exhaust brake or engine brake. If hardwired retarder control is not
is Disabled
has been detected.
installed on the vehicle but this fault is present, the operator should perform “Reset
Memorized Components” through TOOLBOX™software.
Other Components
Warning
Light
ECU Central
Ground Open
Circuit
Supply
Voltage is too
Low
Shorted to
Ground
Open Circuit
Shorted to
UBATT
Description
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.16
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
75
76
SID
15
15
15
15
16
16
18
SPN
803
803
803
803
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
1045
1045
806
3
5
3
7
6
5
4
FMI
7+2
7+7
7+7
8+3
8+5
8+5
8+1
Blink
Code
Warning
Light
ABS WL
(while
supply
voltage is
detected
as
too low)
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Description
ECU Voltage
is too Low
All ABVs High
impedance
All ABVs
Shorted to
ground
Internal
Voltage
Supply
E401 and
E404 version
only. Pressure
Sensor
shorted to
UBATT
E401 and
E404 version
only. Pressure
Sensor
shorted to
ground
ABV Drive
Axle. Shorted
to UBATT
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
N/A
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect Active Braking Valve circuit and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABVs.
• Replace ECU if all wiring checks are within spec and if fault repeats and does not clear.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and ground is
detected.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and voltage supply
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
pressure signal
circuit and voltage
supply (short circuit)
is detected. E401
and E404 version
only
Continuity between
pressure signal
circuit and ground
(short circuit) or an
open circuit is
detected. E401 and
E404 version only
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect ABV ground circuit and voltage supply.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABV.
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and component.
• Check for continuity between pressure sensor signal circuit and ground.
• The pressure sensor supply line could be also clogged or frozen up.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
• Fault only for E401 and E404 versions only.
• Check for continuity between pressure sensor signal circuit and voltage supply.
• Check connectors and pressure sensor for corrosion.
• It could also be possible that the ECU has detected a permanent braking signal from
the pressure sensor between zero to 30 mph.
• Fault only for E401 and E404 versions only.
• Measure the battery or ignition voltage supply. Verify voltage is between 9v-16v (12v
system) or 18v-32v (24v system).
• Verify proper ECU and battery ground (less than 1 ohm)
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and voltage supply as well as
ground path.
• Replace ECU if all wiring checks are within spec and if fault repeats and does not clear.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and ABVs.
• Replace ECU if all wiring checks are within spec and if fault repeats and does not clear.
ECU has detected
that the suspect
Active Braking Valve
circuit is not
detected, has high
impedance or the
circuit has been
interrupted.
A failure was
detected on the
internal ECU relay 2.
• Measure the battery or ignition voltage under load. Verify voltage does not drop below
9v (12v system) or 18v (24v system).
• Verify proper ECU and battery ground (less than 1 ohm)
• Check the vehicle battery and associated components (alternator).
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and voltage supply as well as
ground path.
• Check conditions of fuses.
Action
The supply voltage
is temporarily too
low.
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.17
SID
18
18
19
19
19
19
19
19
SPN
806
806
807
807
807
807
807
807
6
5
4
3
2
1
6
5
FMI
7+6
7+6
7+6
7+6
7+6
7+6
7+2
7+2
Blink
Code
Warning
Light
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Description
ABV Drive
Axle. Open
Circuit
ABV Drive
Axle. Shorted
to Ground
ABV Front
Axle. Shorted
to UBATT
ABV Front
Axle. Open
Circuit
ABV Trailer
Control.
Shorted to
UBATT
ABV Front
Axle. Shorted
to Ground
ABV Trailer
Control. Open
Circuit
ABV Trailer
Control.
Shorted to
Ground
ESC/RSC
Disabled
ESC/RSC
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
System
Reaction
ECU has detected
that the suspect
Active Braking Valve
circuit is not
detected or the
circuit has been
interrupted.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and ground is
detected.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and voltage supply
(short circuit) is
detected.
ECU has detected
that the suspect
Active Braking Valve
circuit is not
detected or the
circuit has been
interrupted.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and voltage supply
(short circuit) is
detected.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and ground is
detected.
ECU has detected
that the suspect
Active Braking Valve
circuit is not
detected or the
circuit has been
interrupted.
Continuity between
suspect Active
Braking Valve circuit
and ground is
detected.
Cause
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect Active Braking Valve circuit and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABV.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and ABV.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect Active Braking Valve circuit and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABV.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect ABV ground circuit and voltage supply.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABV.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and ABV.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect ABV ground circuit and voltage supply.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABV.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Check for continuity between suspect Active Braking Valve circuit and ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and ABVs.
• Verify 7.0-14.0 ohm between ABV supply and ABV common for 12V system (26.3-49.0
ohm for 24V system).
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and ABV.
Action
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.18
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
77
78
SID
19
19
19
19
19
19
22
22
SPN
807
807
807
807
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
807
807
810
810
14
8
12
11
10
9
8
7
FMI
3+7
7+1
8+6
8+6
N/A
7+6
7+6
7+6
Blink
Code
ESC/RSC
Disabled
ABS/ESC/RSC/
ATC/HSA
Disabled
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
(Only at
start up)
ABS WL
Aux 1, 2, 3 or
4. Open
Circuit
Aux 1, 2, 3 or
4. Shorted to
Ground
SAS & ESC
Module supply
line. Shorted
to UBATT
SAS & ESC
Module supply
line. Open
Circuit
SAS & ESC
Module supply
line. Shorted
to Ground
Tire size
broadcast
error
ABS
Complete
Shut-off
Complete
Shut-Off
N/A
N/A
ESC/RSC
Disabled
ESC/RSC
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
Aux 1, 2, 3 or
4. Shorted to
UBATT
System
Reaction
Warning
Light
Description
Cause
Continuity between
SAS or ESC supply
line and high voltage
supply is detected.
ECU has detected
an open circuit in
between SAS or
ESC supply line and
ECU.
Continuity between
SAS or ESC supply
line and ground is
detected.
Tire size data has
not been received
from engine ECU at
start up. E452
version only
It was detected by
the ABS ECU, that
the number of stored
wheel speed sensor
failures is greater
than 100. An
absence of repair is
the cause of this
failure. If this failure
is detected, ABS
completely shuts-off.
Continuity between
auxiliary port circuit
and ground is
detected.
ECU has detected
an open circuit in
auxiliary port circuit
or circuit was once
learned and it is no
longer available.
Continuity between
Auxiliary port circuits
and voltage supply
(short circuit) is
detected.
• Check sensor wiring, connectors and sensor adjustment.
• Verify no damage or contamination to tone rings.
• Repair all other active faults and road test vehicle over 4 mph.
• Verify SAS, ESC and ECU are properly connected.
• Disconnect ECU, SAS and ESC module and check wiring between components for
continuity to ground.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU, SAS and ESC.
• Check availability of engine data information and communication between Engine ECU
and the ABS ECU.
• Contact OEM to verify Engine is correctly broadcasting tire size.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
• Verify SAS, ESC and ECU are properly connected.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU, SAS and ESC.
• Verify if vehicle is equipped with Dual Trailer Stability Control Modulator Valve (ABV
3/2 solenoid + Modulator valve) or Hill Start Aid switch and lamp. Depending on the
vehicle configuration, these components use Aux 1 through 4.
• Check for continuity between component and voltage supply.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and component.
• Verify if vehicle is equipped with Dual Trailer Stability Control Modulator Valve (ABV
3/2 solenoid + Modulator valve) or Hill Start Aid switch* and lamp. Depending on the
vehicle configuration, these components use Aux 1 through 4.
• HSA switch open fault detection is not activated in ECU as switch could be multiplexed.
• Check for continuity between component and ECU.
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and component.
• If hardwired components for Aux 1-4 are not installed on the vehicle but this fault is
present, the operator should perform “Reset Memorized Components” through
TOOLBOX™software.
• Verify if vehicle is equipped with Dual Trailer Stability Control Modulator Valve (ABV
3/2 solenoid + Modulator valve) or Hill Start Aid switch* and lamp. Depending on the
vehicle configuration, these components use Aux 1 through 4.
• Check for continuity between Auxiliary port component and ground.
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and component.
• Verify SAS, ESC and ECU are properly connected.
• Disconnect ECU, SAS and ESC module and check wiring between components for
continuity to battery voltage with Key On.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU, SAS and ESC.
Action
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.19
88
88
520210
79
1069
520210
55
1045
88
55
1045
520210
55
1045
94
23
811
2622
SID
SPN
5
2
1
2
1
7
5
3
5
FMI
7+1
8+6
N/A
7+1
7+8
7+7
7+7
7+7
7+4
Blink
Code
ATC WL
ATC WL
ESC System
Configuration
ESC CAN
Datalink Fault
ATC WL if
Parameter
is set
Tire Pressure
Monitor (TPM)
ATC WL
Blinking
ABS WL
CAN BLS
(Brake light
Switch) signal
faulty
ESC
Initialization
Not Complete
N/A
ABS WL
Pressure
Sensor
shorted to
ground
HSA WL
RSC Disabled
ABS WL
Pressure
Sensor
shorted to
UBATT
HSA active
Fault
N/A
ABS WL if
grounded.
Off if
burned out
Warning Light
Relay
(E-Frame)
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
System
Reaction
Warning
Light
Description
Continuity between
pressure signal
circuit and voltage
supply (short circuit)
is detected.
Continuity between
pressure signal
circuit and ground
(short circuit) or an
open circuit is
detected.
Fault only for RSC
systems with ECU
E440. ECU has
detected the brake
light switch signal is
faulty
Tire pressure loss
detected by change
of wheel
circumference
It was detected that
HSA was
continuously active
for more than 90s or
ECU detected no
HSA switch
information in the
EBC1 Message if
switch is
multiplexed.
ESC
ECU has recognized
that the ESC module
is currently in
initialization mode
and has not been
completed.
The ESC module is
not
compatible with the
ABS ECU
Loss of CAN
communication
between the ESC
module and the ABS
ECU
Output detects no
load to battery or is
permanently
grounded.
Cause
• Check CAN wiring between ABS-ECU and ESC-module for interruptions and short
circuits.
• Check CAN wiring between ABS-ECU and SAS for interruptions and short circuits.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU, SAS and ESC Module.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) or vehicle OEM to check
ESC module/ABS ECU combination.
• Follow the ESC Initialization (End of Line) calibration. Refer to Section 8.
• Verify if ECU is correct for vehicle application
• Contact vehicle OEM to verify broadcast of HSA switch is correct
• Check and correct tire pressure.
• Only available if ECU has been programmed for TPM use.
• Refer to OEM Brake light switch troubleshooting.
• Check the BLS switch (installation, wire, connector)
• Only relevant for RSC systems without Pressure Sensor installed, with BLS over CANBus and ECU E440 only
• Verify if connectors are fully seated, check for corroded or damaged wiring between the
ECU and component.
• Check for continuity between pressure sensor signal circuit and ground.
• The pressure sensor supply line could be also clogged or frozen up.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
• Check for continuity between pressure sensor signal circuit and voltage supply.
• Check connectors and pressure sensor for corrosion.
• It could also be possible that the ECU has detected a permanent braking signal from
the pressure sensor between zero to 30 mph.
• Verify ABS WL is working correctly during self test.
• Verify wire and/or bulb is not damaged.
• Blink code activation via switch longer than 16 sec could cause. Verify blink code
switch is not permanently grounded.
Action
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.20
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
79
80
SID
88
88
88
88
89
89
89
89
89
SPN
520210
520210
520210
520210
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
1807
1807
1807
1807
1807
12
8
7
2
1
14
13
12
9
FMI
8+6
7+1
8+6
8+6
8+6
8+6
8+6
8+6
7+1
Blink
Code
ATC WL
ATC WL
ATC WL
ATC WL
ATC WL
ATC WL
ATC WL
ESC System
Failure
ESC
Initialization
required
ESC Module
Mounting
Fault
SAS Offset
Fault
SAS Not
Plausible
Steering Ratio
Fault
SAS
Calibration
Fault
ATC WL
ATC WL
ESC CAN
messages
missing, data
erratic or
incorrect
SAS Failure
Warning
Light
Description
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
System
Reaction
• Check CAN wiring between ABS-ECU and SAS for interruptions and short circuits.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the SAS and ESC Module.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to check parameter
setting of ABS ECU and SAS compatibility.
The Steering Angle
Sensor is
communicating an
internal error to the
ABS ECU.
• Check for correct mounting of the SAS and ESC module.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to ensure that the ECU
parameter setting is correct for the vehicle.
• If work has been performed on the vehicle which affects the steering system or front
end alignment, perform SAS Calibration and ESC Initialization. Refer to Section 8.
The calculated
steering ratio of the
vehicle is not
plausible.
• Verify SAS is correctly mounted.
• Perform SAS Calibration and ESC Initialization. Refer to Section 8.
• Check for correct mounting of the SAS and ESC module.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to ensure that the ECU
parameter setting is correct for the vehicle.
The ESC module
has detected an
implausible steering
angle compared to
the measured yaw
rate.
The Steering Angle
Sensor calibration
failed.
• Check for damaged or incorrectly mounted SAS.
• If work has been performed on the vehicle which affects the steering system or front
end alignment, perform SAS Calibration and ESC Initialization. Refer to Section 8.
• Verify ESC module is securely mounted, leveled and in correct location. Contact
Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to ensure ESC module mounting is
in accordance with ABS ECU parameters.
• Follow the ESC Initialization (End of Line) calibration. Refer to Section 8.
• Check CAN wiring between ABS-ECU and ESC-module for interruptions and short
circuits.
• Check CAN wiring between ABS-ECU and SAS for interruptions and short circuits.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU, SAS and ESC Module.
• Contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to check parameter
setting of ABS ECU and ESC module compatibility.
• Check CAN wiring between ABS-ECU, ESC-module and SAS for interruptions and
short circuits.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU, SAS and ESC Module.
• Check for damaged or incorrectly mounted SAS.
• Verify ESC module is securely mounted, leveled and in correct location. Contact
Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) to ensure ESC module mounting is
in accordance with ABS ECU parameters.
• Verify ABS ECU and ESC has been properly calibrated. Follow the ESC Initialization
(End of Line) calibration. Refer to Section 8.
Action
The Steering Angle
Sensor offset is out
of tolerance.
The system has
detected that the
ABS ECU, ESC
module or
parameters were
exchanged and ESC
initialization is
required
The ESC module
mounting is not in
accordance with
specification.
ECU has detected
ESC system failure
due to missing or
incorrect data from
ESC Module or SAS
Data communication
between the ESC
module, SAS and
the ABS ECU is
missing or incorrect
Cause
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.21
231
639
231
231
639
639
231
639
231
231
639
639
89
1807
231
89
1807
639
SID
SPN
13
12
10
9
6
5
2
14
13
FMI
7+1
7+1
7+1
7+1
7+1
7+1
7+1
8+6
8+6
Blink
Code
ATC WL
SAS Internal
Fault
Temporary
ABS WL
ABS WL
Temporary
ABS WL
SAE J1939
Internal Error
SAE J1939
XBR Timeout
ABS WL
SAE J1939
Data Link
EEC1
Timeout
SAE J1939
XBR Timeout
ABS WL
SAE J1939
No Access
ABS WL
ABS WL
ATC WL
SAS not
Calibrated
SAE J1939
Data Link
VSC1 speed
erratic,
intermittent or
incorrect
SAE J1939
Data Link
open or short
circuit
Warning
Light
Description
XBR Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
XBR Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
N/A
ESC Disabled
ESC Disabled
System
Reaction
• Verify J1939 wiring between ABS ECU and J1939 backbone.
• Resistance should be 60 ohms between J1939 high and low.
• Verify J1939 low and high are not switched.
• If fault repeats, contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221).
• Verify J1939 wiring between external ECU which is sending request and J1939
backbone.
• This message is most likely to come from Adaptive Cruise or a Collision Mitigation
system such as OnGuard.
The external brake
request message
(XBR) has been
received incorrectly.
• Verify J1939 wiring between external ECU which is sending request and J1939
backbone.
• This message is most likely to come from Adaptive Cruise or a Collision Mitigation
system such as OnGuard.
• Contact OEM to verify J1939 wiring between engine ECU and vehicle J1939 backbone
is correct and messages are correct.
• If ABS ECU is only vehicle ECU not communicating, verify J1939 wiring between ABS
ECU and J1939 backbone.
• Resistance should be 60 ohms between J1939 high and low.
• Verify J1939 low and high are not switched.
• If ABS ECU is only vehicle ECU not communicating, verify J1939 wiring between ABS
ECU and J1939 backbone.
• Resistance should be 60 ohms between J1939 high and low.
• Verify J1939 low and high are not switched.
• Check tire size and verify ECU is for the correct vehicle application.
An internal fault
related to the CAN
controller is
detected.
There is either too
much time in
between EEC1
broadcasts from the
engine or the
message content is
not as expected.
The external brake
request message
(XBR) is expected
but is not being
received in expected
time or not at all.
SAE J1939
communication is
not possible.
SAE J1939
communication is
not possible.
Datalink J1939
Received vehicle
speed and ABS
vehicle speed is
incorrect.
Supervision normally
not activated
• Check the installation and condition of the SAS and steering system.
The Steering Angle
Sensor is
communicating an
internal error to the
ABS ECU.
Action
• Follow the SAS calibration procedure. Refer to Section 8.
Cause
The ECU has
detected that SAS
out of calibration.
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.22
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
81
82
SID
231
251
253
253
253
253
SPN
639
627
630
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
630
630
630
14
13
12
2
3
14
FMI
8+6
8+4
8+4
8+2
8+2
7+1
Blink
Code
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
ATC WL
Incorrect ABS
System
Configuration.
EEPROM or
Wheel
Parameter
Incorrect
EEPROM
Checksum
ABS System
Fault
EEPROM
ESC
Parameter
Incorrect
ATC WL
SAE J1939
Data Link
ESC1
Timeout
Overvoltage
Warning
Light
Description
ESC Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC Disabled
System
Reaction
Cause
• Contact vehicle OEM to obtain correct ECU part number for vehicle.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
The stability control
parameters set in
the ECU are not in
accordance with
what is detected or
learned on the
vehicle.
• Reset ECU by cycling the ignition or by using the reset option in TOOLBOX™
.
• If fault persists, contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221).
There is an incorrect
checksum in the
EEPROM. A
diagnostic tool may
have been
disconnected during
active diagnosis or
programming.
• Check number of sensors and modulators and correct wiring compared to ECU type.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
• Check number of sensors, modulators, 3/2 valves and other components match ECU
configurations.(Parameters and installed components are not matching).
• Verify the installed wheel size matches ECU wheel parameter.
• On E452 ECUs with tire data available on request: check Engine ECU, availability of
engine data information and communication between Engine ECU and the ABS ECU.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
The ECU memorized
system is not in
accordance with the
harness. There are
loads detected at
outputs which
should be open
circuits. Wheel
parameters (number
of tone ring teeth or
tire size) are out of
tolerance.
The ECU memorized
system is not in
accordance with the
harness.
• Measure the battery or ignition voltage under load. Check the vehicle battery and
associate components (alternator).
• Check the battery and ensure it is correct for the ECU, i.e., ensure a 24V battery is not
being used with a 12V ECU.
• Check for corroded or damaged wiring between the ECU and voltage supply as well as
ground path.
• Verify J1939 wiring between external ECU which is sending request and J1939
backbone.
• This message is most likely to come from a steering tag axle controller.
Action
A supply voltage
which is too high has
been measured by
the ECU for more
than 5 seconds.
The electronic
steering control
message (ESC1) is
expected but is not
being received in
expected time or not
at all.
Internal
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.23
254
254
629
254
629
629
254
629
254
254
629
629
SID
SPN
14
13
12
9
8
5
FMI
8+6
8+6
8+3
2+1
7+1
8+4
Blink
Code
ABS WL
ABS WL
ABS WL
Accelerometer
Out of Range
ECU
Mounting,
Accelerometer
Not Plausible
ABS WL
Excessive
Modulator
Activation
Time
Internal Error
ABS WL
ABS WL
No Loads
Detected
Excessive Slip
Warning
Light
Description
RSC Disabled
RSC Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC
Disabled
ATC Disabled if
Fault on Driven
Wheel
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
ESC/RSC/ATC/
HSA Disabled
ABS Wheel
Disabled
System
Reaction
Cause
• Adjust wheel sensor to touch tone ring.
• Check condition of ABS sensor head.
• Check for loose wheel bearings or excessive hub runout.
• Check mounting of ABS tone ring and condition of teeth.
• Check condition and retention of ABS sensor spring clip.
• Check ABS sensor cable routing and clipping.
• Reset ECU by cycling the ignition or by using the reset option in TOOLBOX™
.
• If fault persists, contact Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221).
• Verify that the ECU is securely mounted, leveled and in correct location as per OEM
specification.
• Reset ECU by cycling the ignition or by using the reset option in TOOLBOX™
.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
• Verify that the ECU is securely mounted, leveled and in correct location as per OEM
specification.
• Reset ECU by cycling the ignition or by using the reset option in TOOLBOX™
.
• Call Meritor WABCO OnTrac at 866-OnTrac1 (668-7221) with part number to ensure
ECU is correct for the application.
There are multiple
causes. Valves may
have been activated
too long during
diagnostic testing.
Internal ECU
communication is
not correct.
The measured
lateral acceleration
by the ECU is out of
range.
The measured
lateral
acceleration is not
plausible or the
learned offset is too
high. ECU may be
mounted incorrectly.
• Use the “Disable ATC” diagnostic command when the vehicle is on a Dyno.
• Check for excessive ABS sensor gap on multiple wheel ends.
• Check harness to ensure that modulators are connected and check fuses.
Action
An ABS modulator
was activated for an
abnormally long
time.
The ECU detects
that no modulators
are connected. This
is a common fault
during end of line
testing or
programming if only
the X1 connector is
connected.
One axle is detected
to be rotating much
faster than another.
This fault is common
if vehicle has been
on a dyno and
detection is not
disabled via
diagnostic
command. It is also
possible that there
are excessive
sensor air gaps on
multiple wheel ends.
7 SPN SID FMI Fault Codes
Figure 7.24
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
83
8 Appendix I
Reconfiguration Procedure
8 Appendix I
Figure 8.1
How to Reconfigure an ECU (E Version)
Before reconfiguring the ECU, contact the Meritor WABCO OnTrac
Customer Service Center at 866-668-7221 for additional
information.
E version ECUs will automatically learn and memorize the following
components if they are connected at start up:
앫 ATC valve
4010669a
Figure 8.1
앫 Retarder relay or third brake relay
앫 Datalink SAE J1939
Figure 8.2
앫 Auxiliary inputs and outputs 1-5
NOTE: Depending on the ECU configuration (RSC, ESC or HSA), ATC
Valve and auxiliary 1 through 5 cannot be reconfigured to remove
these components. Only the retarder relay is memorized or cleared.
Once these components have been memorized, the ECU will look for
them at each start up. If a memorized component is not present, the
ECU will record a fault. For example, if an ATC valve is memorized,
but is not present at the next start up, the ECU records a fault. This
can occur if an ECU is moved from one truck to another and one or
more of the memorized components are not available on the new
truck. If this occurs, use TOOLBOX™ Software to reconfigure the
ECU. If you do not have TOOLBOX™ Software, follow the manual
reconfiguration instructions in this section.
4010670a
Figure 8.2
Figure 8.3
TOOLBOX™ Software
NOTE: For complete instructions for using TOOLBOX™ Software,
refer to the TOOLBOX™ User’s Manual, TP-99102.
To reconfigure the ECU with TOOLBOX™ Software, use the Reset
Memorized command.
Select Reset Memorized from the pull-down menu to tell the ECU
to reset the memorized or “learned” components. Figure 8.1. If you
are using TOOLBOX™ Software version 11 or higher, choose
Components, Memorized Components and Reset Memorized.
Figure 8.2 and Figure 8.3.
4010671a
Figure 8.3
84
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
8 Appendix I
NOTE: Vehicle Ignition must be cycled and vehicle test driven over 4
mph (6.4 kph) to complete reset memorization.
Manual Reconfiguration
Refer to Table C and Figure 8.4 for information on manual
reconfiguration.
Table C
Action
Result
Reason
1.
Turn the ignition ON.
2.
Press and hold the blink switch
for at least three seconds.
The ABS lamp displays the ABS system
configuration code:
Stored faults cleared, no active faults
present. Continue with reconfiguration.
NOTE: Do not hold this switch
longer than seven seconds.
앫 One blink: 6S/6M 6X2
NOTE: The reconfiguration procedure
cannot be conducted if there are active faults
present. These must be repaired before
proceeding with the reconfiguration.
앫 Two blinks: 4S/4M
앫 Four blinks: 6S/4M
앫 Five blinks: 6S/6M 6X4
NOTE: The ABS lamp may display eight quick
flashes before the system configuration code
begins.
Observe the ABS and ATC lamps.
The ATC lamp comes on and stays on.
A complete ATC system — including an ATC
lamp — is installed. If not, the ATC lamp will
not come on.
The ABS lamp will continuously blink the system
configuration code.
ECU reconfiguring the system.
The ECU checks the following components
and reprograms itself based on the new
system:
앫 ATC valve
AND/OR
앫 Retarder relay
AND/OR
앫 Datalink J1939
While the configuration code is
flashing, press the blink code
switch three times (one second
each, with a one second pause
between each).
Turn the ignition OFF.
The ABS lamp displays four quick flashes,
followed by a continuous display of the system
configuration code.
Successfully reconfigured.
NOTE: The system configuration code continues
until ignition is turned OFF.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
85
8 Appendix I
Figure 8.4
A system reconfiguration is illustrated below:
IGNITION ON
-1s
-1s
-1s
SWITCH
3 Second
Hold
-1s
-1s
ATC Reset
Confirmation
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
Pause
1.5 s
4s
4s
4s
4s
4s
4s
System ID
(2)
System ID
(2)
System ID
(2)
System ID
(2)
System ID
(2)
Continues
until
power is
turned off
System ID
(2)
ATC
ATC Lamp — Dyno Function (remains lit for entire test)
Light ON*
*ATC Lamp will light only if ATC is connected.
Figure 8.4
86
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
1003371a
9 Appendix II
ESC End of Line Calibration Procedure
9 Appendix II
Figure 9.1
This procedure is performed as part of the final assembly of the
vehicle at the manufacturing site. Also, this procedure must be
performed in the field by a trained technician if components are
replaced such as the Steering Angle Sensor (SAS), the Electronic
Stability Control (ESC) module or the ESC Electronic Control Unit
(ECU). This calibration should also be performed when a major
steering repair or replacement has taken place.
The process consists of two operations. The first one is the SAS
Calibration while the vehicle is stationary, followed by the ESC
Initialization while driving the vehicle. The status of the ESC End of
Line (EOL) procedure can be verified using one of the following
allowed faults.
4010611a
앫 SAS not calibrated — SID 89, FMI 13
Figure 9.1
앫 ESC initialization required — SID 88, FMI 13
Figure 9.2
앫 ESC initialization not completed — SID 88, FMI 1
NOTE: To prevent incorrect activations, SAS Calibration and ESC
Initialization must be done separately. It is necessary to perform the
SAS calibration prior to the ESC initialization.
For any questions or assistance, please contact the Meritor WABCO
OnTrac Customer Service Center at 866-668-7221 or visit
www.meritorwabco.com for further details.
CAUTION
Additional faults must not be active. Any other faults must be
resolved before one of the main menu items is available.
SAS Calibration
NOTE: The SAS Calibration must be done after a front wheel
alignment has been performed.
4010612a
Figure 9.2
In the Main Menu, select J1939 Tractor ABS or J1708 TOOLBOX™,
then Tractor ABS. The ABS Main Screen will appear. Figure 9.3 and
Figure 9.4.
Depending on the software version used, there will be two options to
communicate with the vehicle:
앫 If you are using TOOLBOX™ Software version 11 or higher and
a vehicle with ECUs E4.4b or higher, Tractor ABS J1939
communications can be possible. Figure 9.1.
앫 J1708 communications are possible with any TOOLBOX™
software version and any ABS ECU. Figure 9.2.
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Figure 9.3
Figure 9.5
4010689a
Figure 9.5
Figure 9.6
4010672a
Figure 9.3
Figure 9.4
4010674a
Figure 9.6
Figure 9.7
4010673a
Figure 9.4
To access the ESC EOL:
앫 From the bar menu at the initial screen, click on the “ESC Menu”
button. A drop-down box will appear. Select the option “End of
Line.” Figure 9.5.
앫 If you are using TOOLBOX™ Software version 11 or higher, click
on “Components” button. A drop box will appear, Select “ESC”
then select “Start EOL”. Figure 9.6 and Figure 9.7.
4010675a
Figure 9.7
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In the message box that appears, click the “SAS Calibration” button.
Figure 9.8.
Figure 9.10
Figure 9.8
4010676a
Figure 9.8
NOTE: If SAS has NOT been replaced but vehicle has had an
alignment performed or other steering components have been
replaced, it is necessary to recalibrate SAS regardless of current
calibration. Figure 9.9 may appear if unit has had SAS calibrate at
some point. Click on Yes to recalibrate SAS. Figure 9.10.
4010678a
Figure 9.10
The message will let you know when the SAS has been calibrated.
Once the SAS is calibrated, press the “Close” button or the space
bar to continue. Figure 9.11.
Figure 9.9
Figure 9.11
4010677a
Figure 9.9
4010679a
Figure 9.11
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The SAS calibration is now completed. The ATC lamp will blink
continuously to inform driver ECU is in learning mode.
ESC Initialization
Tip: Carefully follow the instructions that appear in the
message box. Figure 9.13. Once the ESC initialization is
started, the messages will automatically change as the
requirements are met. DO NOT click the “continue” button
again as this may cause the process to fail. The ESC
Initialization procedure requires the vehicle to be driven.
Access the ESC EOL menu as in SAS calibration but instead in the
message box that appears, click the “ESC Initialization” button.
Figure 9.12.
NOTE: If SAS calibration was completed before ESC initialization, the
ATC lamp will be continuously blinking before ESC initialization
begins. Figure 9.14.
If SAS calibration fails; recheck the SAS connection and verify SAS
mounting. Cycle ignition and retry SAS calibration again.
Figure 9.14
Figure 9.12
4010680a
Figure 9.12
Check the message box that appears. Press the space bar or click
the “Continue” button when ready to proceed. Figure 9.13. The ATC
lamp will start blinking to inform driver ECU is in learning mode.
Figure 9.13
4010682a
Figure 9.14
The straight driving adjustment can be done in segments as the ECU
will accumulate the information until the 800 feet is reached.
Cornering and stopping is allowed as long as calibration is done
within the same ignition cycle.
When the Straight Driving Adjustment is completed after ECU
accumulated 800 feet of straight driving, the ATC lamp will stop
blinking and will remain ON.
The screen will automatically change to the next portion of the
procedure. Figure 9.15.
4010681a
Figure 9.13
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Figure 9.15
Figure 9.16
4010683a
Figure 9.15
Tip: The vehicle MUST come to a complete stop before starting
the steering ratio calculation and turning the steering wheel
360 degrees for the first time.
Once steering wheel is turned one revolution in either direction (360
degrees) accelerate slowly until 12 mph (19 kph) is reached.
Continue driving in a circle until the screen automatically changes to
inform the steering ratio is being calculated. Maintain the vehicle
speed and conditions (approximately 8 seconds) until ATC lamp
turns off.
The screen will automatically change to the next portion of the
procedure. Figure 9.16.
4010684a
Figure 9.16
Tip: The vehicle does not have to come to a complete stop
before turning the steering wheel 360 degrees in the other
direction but it is recommended to make sure wheels are in
the straight position before making the turn.
Turn the steering wheel 360 degrees in the opposite direction and
repeat the driving conditions. The ATC lamp will start blinking when
the required conditions are met. Keep driving in those conditions
(approximately 8 seconds) until the lamp turns off.
The screen will automatically change to show ESC End of the Line
data and ratios. Figure 9.17.
Make sure to stop the vehicle once steering ratio calculation has
been completed.
NOTE: The circle driving (Calculation of Steering Ratio) can be done
in segments as the ECU will accumulate the information until the
desired distance is reached, but must be done within the same
ignition cycle. The calibration requires driving in both directions with
the steering wheel rotated 360 degrees.
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Figure 9.17
Figure 9.18
4010686a
4010685a
Figure 9.18
Figure 9.17
With the vehicle stopped, ESC End of Line Data with the Steering
Ratios and Steering Angle Offset values will appear. The data can be
saved or printed for maintenance records. If saving or printing is not
desired, click “Close”. The next screen will automatically appear to
complete the ESC initialization. Figure 9.18.
For the ECU to be able to save ratios and ESC EOL data, the ignition
MUST be cycled. With the vehicle stopped, close window that
appeared and cycle the ignition for around 10 seconds.
NOTE: Power down cycle time and sequence will vary amongst
vehicle manufacturers. Some vehicles might require the key to be
removed from the ignition for ignition power to be completely turned
off. Please follow the vehicle manufacturer procedure to make sure
ignition is turned off.
When the ignition is turned back ON, check that no active or stored
faults are logged in the ECU and that the ABS and ATC/ESC warning
lamps are OFF. Figure 9.19 and Figure 9.20.
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Figure 9.19
4010687a
Figure 9.19
Figure 9.20
4010688a
Figure 9.20
The ESC EOL Initialization procedure is completed.
NOTE: If ESC EOL initialization was not properly completed and/or
ratios correctly saved, code SID 88 FMI 1 will be active. Follow the
ESC initialization again and make sure each portion is successfully
completed. Make sure ignition power down is completed for the ECU
to successfully save data.
Meritor WABCO Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (Revised 05-13)
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Meritor WABCO Vehicle Control Systems
2135 West Maple Road
Troy, MI 48084-7121
866-OnTrac1 (668-7221)
Copyright 2013
meritorwabco.com
Meritor, Inc.
Printed in USA
Revised 05-13
Maintenance Manual MM-0112 (16579)