File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault

TEST REPORT
JUNE 2009
File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault
NX3000 configurations using Microsoft FSCT
Executive summary
KEY FINDINGS
z The Value Dell PowerVault NX3000 with one
Dell Inc. (Dell) commissioned Principled Technologies
Dell EqualLogic PS4000E array (7200 RPM
(PT) to compare the performance of three Dell™
SATA drives in RAID 50), Configuration-A,
PowerVault™ NX3000 unified network storage solution
can support 2,100 FSCT users, encountering
configurations running tasks that users at a remote office
no overload for any file server operation.
or smaller business location would typically perform. We
REPORT
(See FigureTEST
1.)
tested the following configurations using Microsoft’s File
Server Capacity Tool (FSCT). Note: We used the
FEBRUARY 2006
z The Value Dell PowerVault NX3000 with two
Microsoft iSCSI initiator with the Dell™ EqualLogic™
Dell EqualLogic PS4000E arrays (7200 RPM
Multipath Device Specific Module (DSM) to connect to the
SATA drives in RAID 50), Configuration-B,
PS Series Storage Arrays in all configurations.
can support 42.9 percent more FSCT users
• Configuration-A: Value Dell PowerVault NX3000
(3,000 total users) than Configuration-A,
(one CPU, 3GB RAM, two 1 GigE front-side client
encountering no overload for any file server
ports, and two 1 GigE back-end storage network
operation. (See Figure 1.)
ports) with one Dell EqualLogic PS4000E storage
z The Performance Dell PowerVault NX3000
array
with two Dell EqualLogic PS4000E arrays
• Configuration-B: Value Dell PowerVault NX3000
(7200 RPM SATA drives in RAID 50),
Configuration-C, can support almost twice as
(one CPU, 3GB RAM, two 1 GigE front-side client
many FSCT users as Configuration-A (3,900
ports, and two 1 GigE back-end storage network
total users), encountering no overload for any
ports) with two Dell EqualLogic PS4000E storage
file server operation. (See Figure 1.)
arrays
• Configuration-C: Performance Dell PowerVault NX3000 (two CPUs, 12GB RAM, four 1 GigE front-side client
ports, and four 1 GigE back-end storage network ports) with two Dell EqualLogic PS4000E storage arrays
Microsoft FSCT benchmark results on the Dell PowerVault NX3000
with the Dell EqualLogic PS4000E
Configuration A = Dell PowerVault
4,500
NX3000 (one CPU, 3GB RAM, two 1
GigE front-side client ports, and two 1
GigE back-end storage network
ports) with one Dell EqualLogic
PS4000E storage array
(10.4TB usable capacity using 16 x
1TB SATA RAID50)
4,000
Number of users
3,500
3,000
Configuration B = Dell PowerVault
NX3000 (one CPU, 3GB RAM, two 1
GigE front-side client ports, and two 1
GigE back-end storage network
ports) with two Dell EqualLogic
PS4000E storage arrays
(20.8TB usable capacity using 32 x
1TB SATA RAID50)
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
Configuration-A
Configuration-B
Configuration-C
Configuration C = Dell PowerVault
NX3000 (two CPUs, 12GB RAM, four
1 GigE front-side client ports, and
four 1 GigE back-end storage
network ports) with two Dell
EqualLogic PS4000E storage arrays
(20.8TB usable capacity using 32 x
1TB SATA RAID50)
Figure 1: Median Microsoft FSCT user results for the three Dell PowerVault NX3000 configurations. Higher numbers are better.
FSCT tests file server capacity and identifies performance bottlenecks, and reports its results in terms of total
users supported. We provide more information about FSCT in the Workload section and detail our testing in the
Test methodology section of this report.
Figure 1 displays the FSCT results for the three Dell PowerVault NX3000 configurations. Configuration-A can
support 2,100 users, encountering no overload for any file server operation. Configuration-B can support 42.9
percent more users (3,000 total users) than Configuration-A, encountering no overload for any file server
operation. Configuration-C can support almost twice as many users as Configuration-A (3,900 total users),
encountering no overload for any file server operation. Note: Our goal in this test was not to test back-end storage
saturation or show scaling of the back-end storage devices. Rather, our goal was to test the maximum number of
real-world users supported by out-of-the-box NX3000 file server solutions as a whole.
Workload
File Server Capacity Tool (FSCT)
FSCT tests file server capacity and helps identify performance bottlenecks. Microsoft is currently developing
FSCT and released version 0.7, which we used, in June 2009. Microsoft plans to release version 1.0 later in
2009.
FSCT simulates different file-service workloads in the following ways:
• By focusing on native application and OS behavior, with an emphasis on Microsoft applications (e.g.,
Microsoft Office applications, Windows Explorer) and Win32 applications (e.g., command line operations)
• By using pre-configured workload test scenarios, which simulate multiple requests from multiple users for
server files
• By running multiple sessions per physical client, which allows a single client computer to perform the
workload of multiple simulated clients
The primary results FSCT reports about the server under test are its throughput and the total number of users it
supported without overloading. FSCT also provides performance information such as latency; OS performance
counters, including server CPU utilization; and network capacity. FSCT also reports the errors the test client
received, and it provides such tracing information as Event Tracing for Windows.
FSCT comes with a standard workload, the HomeFolders workload. We ran that workload, which simulates 12
user scenarios that run Microsoft applications on a server the user has assigned to store his or her home
directory.
FSCT requires a minimum of three computers to perform the roles of server, clients, and controller. The server
machine is the system under test; the client machine(s) simulate multiple users who are running the HomeFolders
workload on the server; and the controller machine coordinates the client work, captures performance counters,
and gathers the workload results.
You can find more information about FSCT at the blog of Jose Barreto, Principal Program Manager with the
Microsoft File Server Foundation team: http://blogs.technet.com/josebda/archive/2008/10/06/fsct-a-cifs-smbsmb2-file-server-tool-for-capacity-planning-and-performance-troubleshooting.aspx.
The End User License Agreement for Microsoft’s FSCT tool requires the following text accompany all results:
“These test results were generated by Principled Technologies, Inc. using the Microsoft File Server Capacity Tool.
Test results generated with this pre-release software tool may not be accurate or appropriate for your needs and
should not be relied upon as your sole reference. Microsoft makes no warranties of any kind, express or implied,
about this tool, or any information or materials provided with this tool, including any results generated by this tool.”
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Test results
We report the user results from our FSCT tests. We ran each test three times and report results from the run that
produced the median of the three user results. Figure 2 displays the complete results for the three Dell
PowerVault NX3000 solution configurations.
Dell PowerVault NX3000
Configuration-A
Configuration-B
Configuration-C
Run 1
2,100
3,000
3,900
Run 2
2,100
3,000
3,900
Run 3
2,200
3,100
3,800
Median
2,100
3,000
3,900
Figure 2: Microsoft FSCT user results for the three Dell PowerVault NX3000 configurations. Higher numbers are better.
Test configuration
1GBase-T iSCSI
Storage
• One Dell PowerVault NX3000
• One or two Dell EqualLogic PS4000E arrays each with sixteen 1TB 7200 RPM SATA drives.
• One storage group and one storage pool*
• RAID 50 (with 2 spares per array)
• Four 200GB volumes
*In Configuration-B and Configuration-C, we added the second array to the same storage pool.
Storage network settings
• Jumbo frames enabled (on NICs and all ports on the switch)
• Flow control enabled
• IP routing enabled
• Spanning tree set to rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP)
• Link layer discovery protocol (LLDP) disabled
Network connections
• Dell EqualLogic PS4000E Array
o Three 1Gb (two data; one management) connections per array (six total) connected to the Dell™
PowerConnect™ 6248
o Dell PowerConnect 6248 used for the storage network
• Test servers (Load generating systems)
o Two 1Gb connections per server (16 total) connected to the Dell™ PowerConnect™ 5448
o Dell PowerConnect 5448 used for client-server network
o Dell PowerConnect 5448 used for client-controller network
FSCT Load generating clients
• Eight Dell™ PowerEdge™ Servers
o Windows Server 2008 Enterprise x64 SP1
o Total of 96 physical cores (Intel Xeon)
o 1 x Dual Port Broadcom BCM5708C integrated network adapter
ƒ One port for client-server traffic
ƒ One Port for client-controller traffic
Figure 3 illustrates our test bed.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Figure 3: Dell PowerVault NX3000 test bed. Dotted red and green lines indicate connections that appear in only the Configuration-C
test bed. We used the second Dell EqualLogic PS4000E in Configuration-B and Configuration-C only.
Test methodology
Setting up and configuring the Dell PowerVault NX3000 and Dell EqualLogic PS4000E
storage
The two Dell EqualLogic PS4000E arrays contained 16 1TB 7,200RPM SATA drives per array. We cabled both
PS4000E arrays to a Dell PowerConnect 6248 storage switch via its three available ports, and we cabled the Dell
PowerVault NX3000 to the switch via two or four Broadcom BCM5709C NIC ports, depending on the
configuration. We configured both Dell EqualLogic PS4000E arrays in RAID 50 mode. We used the second Dell
EqualLogic PS4000E in Configuration-B and Configuration-C only. Note: We used the Microsoft iSCSI initiator
with the Dell EqualLogic DSM and the Dell™ EqualLogic™ Host Integration Toolkit v3.2.0 to connect to the PS
Series Storage Arrays in all configurations.
Setting up the external storage
1. Using the command line, set up a storage group with the following RAID policies:
a. PS4000E-1: RAID-50
b. PS4000E-2: RAID-50
2. Create a storage pool that you name PS4000-1 with the following members:
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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a. PS4000E-1*
3. Create a storage pool that you name PS4000-2 with the following members:
a. PS4000E-2
4. Enable all network connections on the PS4000E using the following IP address scheme:
a. IP Address: 192.168.1.## (## being any number between 10 and 40)
b. Subnet Mask: 255.255.248.0
5. Create the following 200GB volumes with no snapshot reserve:
a. FSCT-1
b. FSCT-2
c. FSCT-3
d. FSCT-4
6. Enable shared access to the iSCSI target from multiple initiators on the volumes.
7. Create an access control record for the volumes without specifying any limitations.
8. Create a read-only SNMP community name to use for group monitoring.
*When running Configuration-B and Configuration-C, modify the member settings of the PS4000E-2 to
become a member of the PS4000E-1 storage pool.
Installing and configuring the server
To set up this server, we installed several software components. The following subsections detail the necessary
installation processes.
Setting up the operating system
1. Boot up the Dell PowerVault NX3000 server.
2. Log in using the proper username and password.
3. Click Start, Control Panel, and double-click System.
4. Click Change Settings.
5. Click Change.
6. Enter a new computer name, and click OK.
7. Click OK, click Close, and click Restart Now.
8. Right-click the desktop, and select Personalize.
9. Click the Screen Saver link.
10. Click the Screen saver drop-down menu, and select (None).
11. Click Apply.
12. Click Change power settings.
13. Under Balanced plan, click Change plan settings.
14. From the Turn off monitor drop-down menu, select Never.
15. Click Save changes, and close the Power Options, Screen Saver Settings, and Personalization windows.
16. Open the Start menu, type regedit in the search field, and press Enter.
17. To allow the server to automatically log into the OS after a system reboot, change the following Registry
key to have the values shown here:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon]
DefaultPassword=Password1
AutoAdminLogon=1
18. Restart the server.
Installing the EqualLogic Host Integration Toolkit
1. Download the EqualLogic Host Integration Toolkit v3.2.0 from EqualLogic’s support Web site.
2. Run Setup64.exe.
3. Click Next.
4. Accept the license agreement, and click Next.
5. Click Next.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Click Yes.
Click Yes.
Click Yes.
Click OK.
Click OK.
Click OK.
Click Install.
Click OK.
Uncheck Launch Remote Setup Wizard, and click Finish.
Click OK.
Setting up the network adapters
1. Click StartÆControl Panel.
2. Double-click Network and Sharing Center.
3. Click Manage Network Connections.
4. Right-click the NIC connected to your Server-Controller network, and select Properties.
5. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
6. Select Use the following IP address.
7. Type 192.168.10.200 for the IP address.
8. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
9. Click OK.
10. Click Close.
11. Right-click the first NIC connected to your SAN, and select Properties.
12. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
13. Select Use the following IP address.
14. Type 192.168.2.5 for the IP address.
15. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
16. Click OK.
17. Click Close.
18. Right-click the second NIC connected to your SAN, and select Properties.
19. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
20. Select Use the following IP address.
21. Type 192.168.2.6 for the IP address.
22. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
23. Click OK.
24. Click Close.
25. Right-click the first NIC connected to your Client-Server Network, and select Properties.
26. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
27. Select Use the following IP address.
28. Type 192.168.20.201 for the IP address.
29. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
30. Click OK.
31. Click Close.
32. Right-click the second NIC connected to your Client-Server Network, and select Properties.
33. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
34. Select Use the following IP address.
35. Type 192.168.20.202 for the IP address.
36. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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37. Click OK.
38. Click Close.
39. For the Configuration-C only:
a. Right-click the third NIC connected to your SAN, and select Properties.
b. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
c. Select Use the following IP address.
d. Type 192.168.2.7 for the IP address.
e. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
f. Click OK.
g. Click Close.
h. Right-click the fourth NIC connected to your SAN, and select Properties.
i. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
j. Select Use the following IP address.
k. Type 192.168.2.8 for the IP address.
l. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
m. Click OK.
n. Click Close.
o. Right-click the third NIC connected to your Client-Server Network, and select Properties.
p. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
q. Select Use the following IP address.
r. Type 192.168.20.203 for the IP address.
s. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
t. Click OK.
u. Click Close.
v. Right-click the fourth NIC connected to your Client-Server Network, and select Properties.
w. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
x. Select Use the following IP address.
y. Type 192.168.20.204 for the IP address.
z. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
aa. Click OK.
bb. Click Close.
Connecting the storage to the server
1. Click StartÆControl Panel.
2. Double-click Device Manager.
3. Expand Network Adapters.
4. Double-click the first NIC connected to your SAN.
5. Select the Advanced tab.
6. Click Flow Control.
7. Set the value to Rx and Tx Enabled.
8. Click Jumbo Packet.
9. Set the Value to 9,014 bytes.
10. Click OK.
11. For Configuration-A and Configuration-B, repeat steps 4 through 10 for the second NIC connected to your
SAN.
12. For Configuration-C, repeat steps 4 through 10 for the second, third, and fourth NIC connected to your
SAN.
13. Click StartÆAdministrative ToolsÆiSCSI Initiator.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Select the Discovery tab.
Click Add Portal…
Type 192.168.2.200 and click OK.
Select the Targets tab.
Select the first inactive target, and click Log On…
Check the Automatically restore this connection when the computer starts checkbox.
Click OK.
Repeat Steps 18 through 20 three more times, for a total of four times.
Click StartÆAdministrative ToolsÆServer Manager.
Expand the Storage menu option.
Click Disk Management.
Click OK.
Right-click the first Unallocated partition, and select New Simple Volume.
Click Next.
Click Next.
Click Next.
Check Perform a quick format, and click Next.
Click Finish.
Repeat steps 26 through 31 three more times, for a total of four times.
Installing FSCT
1. Copy the x64 FSCT ZIP file to the desktop of the server.
2. Unzip the FSCT ZIP file into C:\FSCT. Create the folder if it does not already exist.
3. Delete the ZIP file from the desktop, and empty the recycle bin.
Installing and configuring the clients
We cabled the Dell PowerVault NX3000 to the client network switch via two Broadcom BCM5709C NIC ports or
via four dual port Intel PRO/1000PT NIC ports, depending on the configuration.
Installing the operating system
Installing Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise x64 SP1
1. Insert the installation DVD for Windows Server 2008 x64 SP1 into the DVD drive.
2. Choose the language, time and currency, and keyboard input. Click Next.
3. Click Install Now.
4. Choose Windows Server 2008 Enterprise (Full Installation). Click Next.
5. Accept the license terms, and click Next.
6. Click Custom.
7. Click the disk, and click Drive options (advanced).
8. Click New, Apply, Format, and click Next.
9. Let the installation process continue. The server will reboot several times.
10. After the installation completes, click OK to set the Administrator password.
11. Enter the administrator password twice, and click OK.
12. Click Start, Control Panel, and double-click System.
13. Click Change Settings.
14. Click Change.
15. Enter the new computer name, and click OK.
16. Click OK to restart, click Close, and click Restart Now.
17. Right-click the desktop, and select Personalize.
18. Click the Screen Saver link.
19. Click the Screen saver drop-down menu, and select (None).
20. Click Apply.
21. Click Change power settings.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Under Balanced plan, click Change plan settings.
From the Turn off monitor drop-down menu, select Never.
Click Save changes, and close the Power Options, Screen Saver Settings, and Personalization windows.
Open the Start menu, type regedit in the search field, and press Enter.
To allow the server to automatically log into the OS after a system reboot, change the following Registry
key to have the values shown here:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon]
DefaultPassword=Password1
AutoAdminLogon=1
27. Restart the server.
Installing Windows updates
1. Click StartÆWindows Update.
2. Click Change settings.
3. Click Never check for updates.
4. Click OK.
5. Click Check for updates.
6. When the application prompts you to install an update for Windows Update, click Install Now.
7. Click View available updates to ensure you install the necessary updates.
Note: We installed the following updates:
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955430)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955430)
• Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Family Update (KB951847)
x64
• LSI Corporation - Storage - Dell SAS 6/iR Integrated Controller
• Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Family Update (KB951847)
x64
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955430)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958687)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957388)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64-based Systems (KB938464)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB949189)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955069)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB954459)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957097)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958690)
• Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer 7 for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB963027)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB960803)
• Internet Explorer 8 for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958623)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB959130)
• Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool x64 - May 2009 (KB890830)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957200)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB953733)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950762)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955839)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958624)
• Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950974)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB951978)
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configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Update for Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems (KB955020)
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Family Update (KB951847)
x64
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB956572)
Security Update for Windows Mail for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB951066)
Update Rollup for ActiveX Killbits for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB960715)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB960225)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB956802)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957321)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB952287)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958644)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB959426)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB952004)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB951698)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950050)
Cumulative Security Update for ActiveX Killbits for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950760)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955302)
Windows Update Agent 7.2.6001.788
Click Install.
Agree to the license terms, and click Finish.
When the application requests you do so, restart the server.
After the system restarts, check Windows Update again for further updates.
Click StartÆWindows Update.
Click Check for updates.
If Windows lists no important updates, then close the updates window.
Setting up the network adapters
1. Click StartÆControl Panel.
2. Double-click Network and Sharing Center.
3. Click Manage Network Connections.
4. Right-click the NIC connected to your Client-Controller network, and select Properties.
5. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
6. Select Use the following IP address.
7. Type 192.168.10.10# for the IP address (# is the Client number).
8. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
9. Click OK.
10. Click Close.
11. Right-click the NIC connected to your Client-Server network, and select Properties.
12. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
13. Select Use the following IP address.
14. Type 192.168.20.10# for the IP address (# is the Client number).
15. Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
16. Click OK.
17. Click Close.
Installing FSCT
1. Copy the x64 FSCT ZIP file to the desktop of the server.
2. Unzip the FSCT ZIP file into C:\FSCT. Create the folder if it does not already exist.
3. Delete the ZIP file from the desktop, and empty the recycle bin.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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Installing and configuring the controller
Installing Windows Server 2008 Enterprise x64
1. Insert the installation DVD for Windows Server 2008 x64 SP1 into the DVD drive.
2. Choose the language, time and currency, and keyboard input. Click Next.
3. Click Install Now.
4. Choose Windows Server 2008 Enterprise (Full Installation). Click Next.
5. Accept the license terms, and click Next.
6. Click Custom.
7. Click the disk, and click Drive options (advanced).
8. Click New, Apply, Format, and click Next.
9. Let the installation process continue. The server will reboot several times.
10. After the installation completes, click OK to set the Administrator password.
11. Enter the administrator password twice, and click OK.
12. Click Start, Control Panel, and double-click System.
13. Click Change Settings.
14. Click Change.
15. Enter the new computer name, and click OK.
16. Click OK to restart, click Close, and click Restart Now.
17. Right-click the desktop, and select Personalize.
18. Click the Screen Saver link.
19. Click the Screen saver drop-down menu, and select (None).
20. Click Apply.
21. Click Change power settings.
22. Under Balanced plan, click Change plan settings.
23. From the Turn off monitor drop-down menu, select Never.
24. Click Save changes, and close the Power Options, Screen Saver Settings, and Personalization windows.
25. Open the Start menu, type regedit in the search field, and press Enter.
26. To allow the server to automatically log into the OS after a system reboot, change the following Registry
key to have the values shown here:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon]
DefaultPassword=Password1
AutoAdminLogon=1
27. Restart the server.
Installing Windows updates
1. Click StartÆWindows Update.
2. Click Change settings.
3. Click Never check for updates.
4. Click OK.
5. Click Check for updates.
6. When the application prompts you to install an update for Windows Update, click Install Now.
7. Click View available updates to ensure you install the necessary updates.
Note: We installed the following updates:
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955430)
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955430)
• Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Family Update (KB951847)
x64
• LSI Corporation - Storage - Dell SAS 6/iR Integrated Controller
• Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Family Update (KB951847)
x64
• Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955430)
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configurations using Microsoft FSCT
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13.
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958687)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957388)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64-based Systems (KB938464)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB949189)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955069)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB954459)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957097)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958690)
Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer 7 for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB963027)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB960803)
Internet Explorer 8 for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958623)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB959130)
Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool x64 - May 2009 (KB890830)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957200)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB953733)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950762)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955839)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958624)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950974)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB951978)
Update for Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems (KB955020)
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1 and .NET Framework 3.5 Family Update (KB951847)
x64
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB956572)
Security Update for Windows Mail for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB951066)
Update Rollup for ActiveX Killbits for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB960715)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB960225)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB956802)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB957321)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB952287)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB958644)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB959426)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB952004)
Security Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB951698)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950050)
Cumulative Security Update for ActiveX Killbits for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB950760)
Update for Windows Server 2008 x64 Edition (KB955302)
Windows Update Agent 7.2.6001.788
Agree to the license terms, and click Finish.
When the application requests you do so, restart the server.
After the system restarts, check Windows Update again for further updates.
Click StartÆWindows Update.
Click Check for updates.
If Windows lists no important updates, then close the updates window.
Setting up the network adapters
1. Click StartÆControl Panel.
2. Double-click Network and Sharing Center.
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3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Click Manage Network Connections.
Right-click the NIC connected to your Client-Controller network, and select Properties.
Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and select Properties.
Select Use the following IP address.
Type 192.168.10.60 for the IP address (# is the Client number).
Type 255.255.255.0 for the Subnet mask.
Click OK.
10. Click Close.
Installing FSCT
1. Copy the x64 FSCT ZIP file to the desktop of the controller.
2. Unzip the FSCT ZIP file into C:\FSCT. Create the folder if it does not already exist.
3. Delete the ZIP file from the desktop, and empty the recycle bin.
Preparing the systems
Preparing the server
1. Open an elevated command prompt on the server.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line, replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run:
prepare server /clients
client1,client2,client3,client4,client5,client6,client7,client8 /password
Password1 /users 625 /volumes E:,F:,G:,H: /workload HomeFolders
Note: We used the HomeFolders workload for all tests.
4. When the server has finished the preparation, it is ready to begin the test.
Preparing the clients
1. Open an elevated command prompt on each client.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line, replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
prepare client /server DNX30001 /password Password1 /users 625 /server_ip
<server IP address> /workload HomeFolders
Note: On Configuration-A and Configuration-B, we used one IP address for clients 1 through 4 and
another IP address for clients 5 through 8. On Configuration-C, we used one IP address for clients 1 and
2, another IP address for clients 3 and 4, another IP address for clients 5 and 6, and another IP address
for clients 7 and 8.
4. When the clients are finished with their user creation, they are ready to begin the test.
Preparing the controller
1. Open an elevated command prompt.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line, replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
prepare controller
4. When the controller is finished and has closed the network, it is ready to begin.
Running the test
Running the clients
1. Open an elevated command prompt.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line, replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
run client /controller controller /server DNX30001 /password Password1
4. The test will begin when the controller starts.
Running the controller
1. Open an elevated command prompt.
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2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
Type the following command line replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
run controller /server DNX30001 /password Password1 /volumes E:,F:,G:,H:
/clients client1,client2,client3,client4,client5,client6,client7,client8
/min_users <minusers> /max_users <maxusers> /step <usersstep> /duration
<duration> /workload HomeFolders
Note: min_users, max_users, step, and duration depend upon the configuration you use and the test you
run. For initial tuning runs, we used 1,000 for min_users, 5,000 for max_users, 1,000 for step, and 600 for
duration. After we knew our range within 1,000 users, we ran min_users at the lowest user count that the
previous run had run without overload, the max user count to the first user count that had overload, the
step to 100, and the duration to 600. Once we narrowed the user count down to the nearest 100, we ran
the cleanup and prepare scripts and ran the test with min_user set to two increments below what the
highest user count that the previous run was able to do without overload, the max_user count to 500
above the min_user count, the step to 100, and duration to 900. We then repeated the previous run two
more times for each configuration and used the cleanup and prepare scripts in between each run.
4. When the controller starts, the test will begin.
3.
Cleanup
When the test is finished, you will need to run the FSCT cleanup scripts before beginning the next run to delete
the users, files, and directories from the machines.
Cleaning up the clients
1. Open an elevated command prompt.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line, replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
cleanup client /users <number of users>
4. When the cleanup is finished, restart the client.
Cleaning up the controller
1. Open an elevated command prompt.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
cleanup controller /backup <backup directory>
4. When the cleanup is finished, restart the client.
Cleaning up the server
1. Open an elevated command prompt.
2. Navigate to the FSCT folder by typing cd c:\FSCT and pressing Enter.
3. Type the following command line replacing the variables with the relevant information for your run: fsct
cleanup server /clients
client1,client2,client3,client4,client5,client6,client7,client8 /users 625
/volumes E:,F:,G:,H:
4. When the cleanup is finished, restart the server.
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Appendix A ̶ Test server information
Client 1
• Dell PowerEdge 2950
• 2 x Intel Xeon E5405 (2.00 GHz)
• 8 x 2,048 MB Samsung PC2-5300 FB-DDR2 (16,384 MB), 1,333 FSB,
• Dell BIOS 2.5.0 (09/12/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 1 x SATA Western Digital WD800AAJS, 80 GB, 7.2K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Intel 6321ESB Control
Device driver- Microsoft 6.0.6001.18000 (6/21/2006)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.600
Client 2
• Dell PowerEdge 2950
• 2 x Intel Xeon E5405 (2.00 GHz)
• 8 x 2,048 MB Samsung PC2-5300 FB-DDR2 (16,384 MB), 1,333 FSB,
• Dell BIOS 2.5.0 (09/12/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 1 x SATA Western Digital WD800AAJS, 80 GB, 7.2K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Intel 6321ESB Control
Device driver- Microsoft 6.0.6001.18000 (6/21/2006)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.600
Client 3
• Dell PowerEdge 2950
• 2 x Intel Xeon E5405 (2.00 GHz)
• 8 x 2,048 MB Samsung PC2-5300 FB-DDR2 (16,384 MB), 1,333 FSB,
• Dell BIOS 2.5.0 (09/12/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 1 x SATA Western Digital WD800AAJS, 80 GB, 7.2K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Intel 6321ESB Control
Device driver- Microsoft 6.0.6001.18000 (6/21/2006)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.600
Client 4
• Dell PowerEdge 2950
• 2 x Intel Xeon E5405 (2.00 GHz)
• 8 x 2,048 MB Samsung PC2-5300 FB-DDR2 (16,384 MB), 1,333 FSB,
• Dell BIOS 2.5.0 (09/12/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 1 x SATA Western Digital WD800AAJS, 80 GB, 7.2K, 3Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Intel 6321ESB Control
Device driver- Microsoft 6.0.6001.18000 (6/21/2006)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.600
Client 5
• Dell PowerEdge R900
• 4 x Intel Quad-Core Xeon E7340 (2.40 GHz)
• 16 x 4,096 MB FB-DDR2 (65530 MB), 1,066 FSB,
Dell BIOS 1.1.10 (11/14/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, FirmwareUMP 1.1.9, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
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•
•
2 x SAS Seagate Savvio ST973451SS, 73 GB, 15K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Dell PERC 6/i Integrated
RAID Control Device driver- LSI 2.13.0.64 (5/11/2007)
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.6001
Client 6
• Dell PowerEdge R900
• 4 x Intel Xeon E7450 6-Core (2.40 GHz)
• 32 x 2,048 MB FB-DDR2 (65,530 MB), 1,066 FSB
• Dell BIOS 1.1.9 (8/1/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, FirmwareUMP 1.1.9, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 2 x SAS Seagate Savvio ST973451SS, 73 GB, 15K, 3,Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Dell PERC 6/i Integrated
RAID Control Device driver- LSI 2.13.0.64 (5/11/2007)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.6001
Client 7
• Dell PowerEdge R900
• 4 x Intel Quad-Core Xeon E7340 (2.40 GHz)
• 16 x 4,096 MB FB-DDR2 (65530 MB), 1,066 FSB, Dell BIOS 1.1.10 (11/14/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 2 x SAS Seagate Savvio ST973451SS, 73 GB, 15K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Dell PERC 6/i Integrated
RAID Control Device driver- LSI 2.13.0.64 (5/11/2007)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.6001
Client 8
• Dell PowerEdge 2950
• 2 x Intel Quad-Core Xeon E5440 (2.83 GHz)
• 8 x 4,096 MB FB-DDR2 (32,768 MB), 1,333 FSB, Dell BIOS 2.2.6 (2/5/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 2 x SAS 73 GB, 15K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Dell PERC 6/i Integrated RAID Control Device driver- LSI
2.13.0.64 (5/11/2007)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.6001
Controller
• Dell PowerEdge 2950
• 2 x Intel Quad-Core Xeon E5440 (2.83 GHz)
• 8 x 4,096 MB FB-DDR2 (32,768 MB), 1,333 FSB, Dell BIOS 2.2.6 (2/5/2008)
• 1 x BCM5708C - 10/100/1000BASE-T TOE PCI Express Ethernet Controller, 1,000 Mbps, Firmware- ipmi
1.06, Driver- Broadcom 3.7.19.0 (1/19/2008)
• 2 x SAS 73 GB, 15K, 3 Gb/s, Firmware- SM04, Dell PERC 6/i Integrated RAID Control Device driver- LSI
2.13.0.64 (5/11/2007)
• Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Service Pack 1 x64, build 6.0.6001
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Appendix B ̶ Test unified network storage solution information
Figure 4 provides detailed system configuration information for the test unified network storage solution.
Unified network storage solution
General
Number of processor packages
Number of cores per processor package
Number of hardware threads per core
System power management policy
CPU
Vendor
Name
Stepping
Socket type
Core frequency (GHz)
Front-side bus frequency (MHz)
L1 cache
L2 cache
L3 cache
Platform
Vendor and model number
Motherboard chipset
BIOS name and version
BIOS settings
Memory modules
Configuration-A and Configuration-B
Vendor and model number
Type
Speed (MHz)
Speed in the system currently running @ (MHz)
Timing/latency (tCL-tRCD-iRP-tRASmin)
Total size (MB)
Number of RAM modules (MB)
Chip organization
Configuration-C
Vendor and model number
Type
Speed (MHz)
Speed in the system currently running @ (MHz)
Timing/latency (tCL-tRCD-iRP-tRASmin)
Total size (MB)
Number of RAM modules (MB)
Chip organization
Hard disk
Vendor and model number
Number of disks in system
Size (GB)
Buffer size (MB)
RPM
Type
Controller
Dell PowerVault NX3000
2 in Configuration-C, 1 in Configuration A and B
4
1
Balanced
Intel
Xeon L5520
D0
LGA1366
2.26
QPI 5.86 GT/s
32 KB + 32 KB (per core)
2 MB (256 KB per core)
8 MB (shared)
Dell 0M233H
Intel 5520
Dell 1.1.2 (04/09/2009)
Default
Elpida EBJ10EE8BAFA-DJ-E
DDR3
1,066
1,066
7-7-7-19
3,072
3 x 1,024
Single-sided
Qimonda IMSH2GE13AF1CT13H
DDR3
1,066
1,066
7-7-7-19
12,288
6 x 2,048
Double-sided
Fujitsu MBA3300RC
6
300
16
15,000
SAS
Dell PERC 6/i Integrated RAID Controller
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Unified network storage solution
Controller driver
Operating system
Name
Build number
Service Pack
Microsoft Windows update date
File system
Kernel
Language
Microsoft DirectX version
Graphics
Vendor and model number
Chipset
BIOS version
Type
Memory size (MB)
Resolution
Driver
Network card/subsystem
First network card/subsystem
Network card
Type
Network driver
Second network card/subsystem
Network card
Type
Network driver
Third network card/subsystem
Network card
Type
Network driver
Fourth network card/subsystem
Network card
Type
Network driver
Optical drive
Vendor and model number
Type
Interface
Dual/single layer
USB ports
Number of ports
Type of ports (USB 1.1, USB 2.0)
Dell PowerVault NX3000
Dell 2.24.0.64 (01/19/2009)
Windows Storage Server 2008 Standard x64
6001
1
NA
NTFS
ACPI x64-based PC
English
10
Matrox G200
Matrox Graphics
00
Integrated
8
1,024 x 768 x 32-bit
Microsoft 6.0.6001.18000 (06/21/2006)
Broadcom BCM5709C NetXtreme II GigE (2
chips/4 integrated ports)
Integrated
Broadcom 4.8.5.0 (01/28/2009)
2 x Intel PRO/1000 PT Dual Port Server Adapter
PCI-Express
Intel 9.12.36.0 (12/04/2008)
2 x Intel PRO/1000 PT Dual Port Server Adapter
PCI-Express
Intel 9.12.36.0 (12/04/2008)
Intel PRO/1000 PT Server Adapter
PCI-Express
Intel 9.12.36.0 (12/04/2008)
TSSTcorp TS-L33A
DVD-ROM
EIDE
Dual
4
2.0
Figure 4: Detailed system configuration information for the test unified network storage solution.
Principled Technologies, Inc.: File server performance comparison of three Dell PowerVault NX3000
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Appendix C ̶ Test storage information
Figure 5 provides detailed configuration information about the storage array system.
Storage array
Dell EqualLogic iSCSI SAN
Arrays
Two Dell EqualLogic PS4000E arrays
Disks
32 x 7,200RPM SATA disks total for the two arrays (16 per array)
Active storage cache (GB)
4 (2 per array)
Number of active storage controllers
2 (1 per array)
Number of active storage ports
4 (2 per array)
Firmware revision
v4.1.4
Switch type/model/firmware revision
One Dell PowerConnect 6248 v2.2.0.1
Disk vendor and model number
32 x Seagate ST31000340NS
Disk size (TB)
1
Disk buffer size (MB)
32
Disk RPM
7,200
Disk type
SATA
Figure 5: Detailed configuration information for the storage array system. We used one Dell EqualLogic PS4000E in ConfigurationA. We used the second Dell EqualLogic PS4000E in Configuration-B and Configuration-C only.
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