B&G HB-1000I User manual

USER MANUAL
Warning: installation data
included with the drive unit
supersedes data in this manual
Premier Way, Abbey Park
Romsey Hampshire,
SO51 9DH, UK
Tel: (+44) 01794 518448
Fax: (+44) 01794 518077
www.BandG.com
Brookes and Gatehouse Ltd. 2000
The copyright of this Manual is the property of Brookes and Gatehouse Ltd.
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
USER MANUAL
CONTENTS
Product Liability and Safety Warnings
Record of Amendments
PART 1 -
INTRODUCTION
PART 2 -
OPERATING INFORMATION
PART 3 -
CALIBRATION
PART 4 -
INSTALLATION INFORMATION
PART 5 -
OPTIONS
PART 6 -
DIAGNOSTIC DATA
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B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
PRODUCT LIABILITY AND SAFETY WARNINGS
PRODUCT LIABILITY - Brookes and Gatehouse Ltd. accept no
responsibility for the use and/or operation of this equipment. It
is the users responsibility to ensure that under all
circumstances the equipment is used for the purposes for
which it has been designed.
WARNING - ELECTRICAL HAZARD This equipment uses high
voltage electrical power. Contact with high voltages may result
in injury and/or loss of life.
WARNING - CALIBRATION The safe operation of this equipment
is dependent on accurate and correct calibration. Incorrect
calibration of this equipment may lead to false and inaccurate
navigational readings placing the yacht/boat into danger.
CAUTION - This equipment is designed for use with a power
supply source of 12V dc. The application of any other power
supply may result in permanent damage to the equipment.
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RECORD OF AMENDMENTS
Date
Amendment
Number
Description
Signature
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B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 1 - Introduction
PART 1 - INTRODUCTION
CONTENTS
Para
Page
1.1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1-3
1.2
PILOT OPERATION
1-4
1.3
CONTROLLING THE PILOT
1-4
1.4
PILOT DISPLAY
1-5
1.5
HAND-HELD CONTROLLER
1-6
1.6
JOYSTICK
1-7
1.7
MAN OVERBOARD BUTTON
1-8
ILLUSTRATIONS
Fig No
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
Page
Typical Hydra Pilot System Block Diagram
Pilot Display
Hand-held Controller
Joystick
Man Overboard Button
1-2
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
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Part 1 - Introduction
Fig 1.1 - Typical Hydra Pilot System Block Diagram
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Part 1 - Introduction
PART 1 - INTRODUCTION
1.1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The Hydra and Hercules Pilot fully integrate with, and complement the
Hydra 2000, Hercules 2000 and HS2000 Instrument Systems, both in
terms of style and performance. The Instrument System transmits
sensor information via the B&G FastNet Data cabling to the Pilot
Computer Unit. A typical Pilot System is shown in Figure 1.1.
The Pilot Computer processes the sensor data and then sends
signals to the rudder driving system (linear ram, rotary drive or
hydraulic pump) to steer the vessel on the desired course. The
complex learning algorithms (a form of artificial intelligence) used in
the Pilot Computer, ensure that the steering performance is optimised
regardless of the weather conditions, and quickly responds to any
changes that may occur.
Control of the Pilot is via the keys on any one of the dedicated Pilot
displays. Each display acts as a master allowing control of the Pilot
from any station.
The Hydra and Hercules Pilot are essentially the same. Both Pilots are
available with a wide range of powerful and reliable 12V or 24V dc
rudder drive units suitable for boats of over 7m (23ft). The control
electronics (the Autopilot Computer) are supplied as ACP1 or ACP2
(Advanced Control Programming) depending on the size of vessel,
power requirements and options that have been selected and fitted.
The Hydra Pilot can be used for both sail and power boats that have a
Hydra 2000 or HS2000 System installed. The Hercules Pilot can only
be used in boats with a Hercules 2000 System installed.
If the relevant sensor data is available, both systems offer the
following Steering Options:
(a) Steer to Compass - Uses data from the Pilot or
Instrument Compass to maintain the selected compass
heading.
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(b) Steer to Wind - Uses data from the Instrument Masthead
Unit (not power boats) to steer to the Apparent Wind Angle.
(c) Steer to Waypoint - Uses NMEA data from a compatible
Position Fixer or Chart Plotter.
(d) Power Steering - Allows the Pilot direct control of the
steering.
(e) Steering to Optimum Wind Angle - This option is only
available when a Hercules 2000 is installed and uses data
from the 2000 Performance Processor.
Other options for both the Hydra and Hercules Pilot include the
following:
(a) Hand-held Controller.
(b) Joystick Steering.
(c) Man Overboard (MOB) alarm and recovery assistance.
1.2
PILOT OPERATION
Part 2 - Operating Information describes how to operate the Hydra or
Hercules Pilot after it has been installed, commissioned and sea trials
have been successfully completed. Information relating to calibration
and commissioning, and installation is given in Parts 3 and 4 of the
Manual, respectively.
WARNING: NAVIGATION HAZARD. The Pilot must be fully
commissioned and a satisfactory sea trial completed before the
Pilot is used to steer the vessel. Failure to do so could
endanger life and/or other vessels.
1.3
CONTROLLING THE PILOT
The Pilot Display is the primary method of controlling the Pilot.
Several displays positioned around the vessel allow Pilot control from
any station. Each display acts as a Master providing readouts of
autopilot course, actual heading and autopilot function. Operational
control is via a keypad.
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1.4
PILOT DISPLAY
Fig 1.2 - Pilot Display
The back-lit Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) shows the following
information:
(a) Large Digits (top centre) - The current heading as
provided by the Pilot Compass or Instrumentation System.
(b) Rudder Legend (centre) - The mode selected for the
analogue bar immediately below. This can be set to
RUDDER or OFF COURSE.
(c) Rudder Bar Display (centre) - Analogue indication of
Rudder Angle in increments of 5° up to ±35°. This can be set
to show either OFF COURSE or RUDDER ANGLE.
(d) Pilot Legend - (bottom centre) - Indicates the Pilot
Operational Status. This can be set to either STANDBY or
ON.
(e) Key Legends and Keypad (right top to bottom) - The
legends change according to the operating mode selected,
assigning different functions to each key as required.
Pressing the key(s) adjacent to each legend will either cause
an action, e.g. Change of Course, or provide a list of options
and selections. These lists are referred to as Menus and are
fully described in Part 2 - Operating Information.
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(f) Red Off Key (top right of keypad) - This key disengages
the Pilot and returns the boat the Manual Steering. It has no
other function.
(g) Lights Key (bottom right of keypad) - This key turns the
LCD back lighting ON and OFF, and allows three levels of
illumination to be selected for all displays (including
Instrument System FFDs) under system control. It has no
other function.
Note
The Pilot can be disengaged at any time from any mode or menu by
pressing the Red Off Key.
1.5
HAND-HELD CONTROLLER
Fig 1.3 - Hand-held Controller
The Hand-held Controller provides remote control of the Hydra and
Hercules Pilot. The six keys used for dedicated functions are as
follows:
(a) 10 degree course change (Port/Starboard).
(b) 1 degree course change (Port/Starboard).
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(c) Auto/Resume - Pilot engage and return to course.
(d) Off - Pilot disengage.
The LED in the centre of the controller flashes a coded sequence in
accordance with the mode selected. This is as follows:
OPERATING MODE
LED CODE
___
Standby
___
___
___
_______________________________
Pilot Engaged
__________________
Course Change
________________
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
Commissioning
Compass Calibration
___ ______ ___
Fault
_____
___
Man Overboard
1.6
___
____
___
______ ___ _____
____
___
___
____
___
____
___
JOYSTICK
36.0 o
View from underside
dia 21.0 mm
48.0 mm
Forward indicator marks
70. 0 mm
dia 40.0 mm
45.0 mm
4 holes
dia 3.0 mm
35.0 mm
Fig 1.4 - Joystick
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The Joystick allows direct control of the rudder via the autopilot
control electronics. The unit is deck-mountable, allowing it to be used
inside or outside the steering positions. A 10m/30ft 6-core screened
cable connects the unit directly into the ACP units terminals. Joystick
steering is engaged and disengaged with the separate red button.
The lever can only be moved to port and starboard.
There are two modes of joystick operation available to the Helmsman,
these are as follows:
(a) Normal Steering (Norm) - The rudder moves in the
direction of the Joystick. When the Joystick is returned to the
central position rudder movement stops. The greater the
movement of the Joystick the faster the response of the
rudder.
(b) Proportional Steering (Prop) - The position of the
rudder follows the position of the Joystick. When the Joystick
returns to the central position the rudder returns to its initial
position.
1.7
MAN OVERBOARD BUTTON
Fig 1.5 - Man Overboard Button
The Man Overboard Button (MOB) is an optional extra that activates
the Pilot Man Overboard Alarm Procedure to assist in the recovery of
the person, or persons, that may have been lost overboard. It may be
used when the Pilot is engaged or disengaged.
For this facility to operate, a speed sensor input must be available. It
will not work with a user entered fixed speed or Speed Over Ground
from a Position Fixer.
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Sail boats, because of the need to tack or gybe, must use Manual
recovery. The bearing and distance displays must be followed and the
boat steered back, either manually or under Pilot Control, to the
person(s) in the water.
Power boats can use the Pilot for Automatic Recovery. When the
MOB is operated the Pilot will control the steering to execute a
‘Williamson Turn’ and return the boat on a reciprocal course.
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Part 2 - Operating Information
PART 2 - OPERATING INFORMATION
CONTENTS
Para
Page
2.1
SWITCHING ON
2-3
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
MODE SELECTION
Introduction
Mode Selection
2-4
2-4
2-4
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.3 6
2.3.7
STEER TO COMPASS
Introduction
Selecting Compass Mode
Engaging the Pilot
Disengaging the Pilot
Changing the Pilot Course
Pre-setting the Pilot Course
Pre-setting the Next Leg
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-5
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.4.4
2.4.5
2.4.6
2.4.7
2.4.8
2.4.9
2.4.10
2.4.11
STEER TO WIND INTRODUCTION
Hydra 2000 and Hydra Pilot
Hercules and Hercules Pilot
Selecting Wind Mode
Engaging the Pilot
Disengaging the Pilot
Steer to Wind Adjustments
Pre-setting the Target AWA
Auto Tack
Auto Gybe
Gybe Zone
Using the Gybe Key
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-14
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.5.5
2.5.6
2.5.7
STEER TO WAYPOINT
Steer to Waypoint Introduction
Selecting the Waypoint Mode
Engaging the Pilot
Disengaging the Pilot
Changing the Pilot Course
Returning to Original Course
Waypoint Arrival Next Leg
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-16
2-17
2-17
2-18
2-18
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Part 2 - Operating Information
CONTENTS (Contd.)
Para
Page
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.4
2.6.5
2.6.6
2.6.7
POWER STEER
Introduction
Selecting Power Steer Mode
Engaging the Pilot
Disengaging the Pilot
Fine Rudder Adjustments
Coarse Rudder Changes
Mid Key
2-19
2-19
2-19
2-20
2-20
2-20
2-21
2-21
2.7
2.7.1
2.7.2
2.7.3
2.7.4
2.7.5
JOYSTICK STEERING
Introduction to Joystick Steering
Engaging the Pilot
Disengaging the Pilot
Normal Steering
Proportional Steering
2-21
2-21
2-22
2-23
2-23
2-23
2.8
2.8.1
2.8.2
2.8.3
2.8.4
2.8.5
2.8.6
2.8.7
2.8.8
2.8.9
2.8.10
SET-UP OPTIONS
Mode Set-Up (MODE)
Speed Set-Up (SPEED)
Response Set-Up (RESP)
Off Course Set-Up (Off-C)
Compass Damping Set-Up (C DMP)
NMEA Source Set-Up (N SRC)
Course Alarm Set-Up (CRS A)
Watch Alarm Set-Up (WATCH)
Back Lighting Set-Up (LIGHT)
Joystick Set-Up (JYSTK)
2-24
2-25
2-26
2-27
2-29
2-30
2-31
2-32
2-33
2-34
2-35
2.9
2.9.1
2.9.2
2.9.3
2.9.4
2.9.5
PILOT INFORMATION ON FFD
Pilot Course (PLT CRSE °M)
Rudder Angle (RUDDER °)
Off Course Error (OFF CRSE °)
Man Overboard Facility (MAN OVER)
Pilot Faults and Errors (PLT ERR)
2-36
2-37
2-37
2-37
2-37
2-37
2.10
2.10.1
2.10.2
2.10.3
MAN OVERBOARD FACILITY
Man Overboard Procedure
Manual Recovery (All Boats)
Automatic Recovery (Power Only)
2-38
2-38
2-39
2-39
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Part 2 - Operating Information
PART 2 - OPERATING INFORMATION
2.1
SWITCHING ON
The Hydra or Hercules Pilot has two power supplies (instrument and
heavy duty) connected via circuit breakers and/or fuses. The Pilot
Computer and Pilot Displays are powered via the Hydra Network data
cable and share the same source of supply as the Hydra, Hercules or
HS2000 Instrument System.
The hydraulic ram, rotary drive or hydraulic pump supplies are routed
via the Pilot Computer. The heavy duty supply is dedicated to the
rudder drive unit and is connected via a separate heavy duty fuse or
circuit breaker.
To switch the Pilot ON, proceed as follows:
(1) Switch ON the heavy duty power supply for the rudder
drive unit.
(2) Switch ON the instrument supplies.
The Pilot will only operate if both the heavy duty and instrument
supplies are switched ON.
Notes
1. If the Pilot Display indicates Fault 103 when engaged for the first
time, check that the heavy duty supply is switched ON.
2. If the Pilot Display indicates the Fault Message above, switch ON
the heavy duty supply and clear the fault message.
3. If the Pilot Display shows Fault 104 when engaged, this indicates
that there is no boat speed input from the sensor. For example, this
would occur if the Pilot is switched on at the dockside.
4. To clear the Fault Message, press the key adjacent to the FAULT
legend on any Pilot Display twice. Alternatively, press the Enter
Key on any FFD twice.
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2.2
MODE SELECTION
2.2.1
Introduction
The Pilot software automatically determines which modes of
operation are available depending on whether the vessel is a power
boat or a sailboat. The Pilot also receives Waypoint or Wind data via
the network from either a compatible position fixer or the Masthead
Unit.
At initial switch ON the Pilot will be in Standby and Steer to Compass
(COMPS) mode.
2.2.2
Mode Selection
The mode is changed by pressing the key adjacent to the MODE
legend on the FFD.
Each mode of steering is described in the following sections.
2.3
STEER TO COMPASS
2.3.1
Introduction
Steer to Compass is available with all Pilot configurations for sail
boats and power boats and is the basic method of Pilot steering. The
boat is steered on the desired compass heading and the Pilot is
engaged with a single key press. The Pilot will steer using the data
from either the remote fluxgate compass of the Pilot Computer or the
Halcyon 2000 Compass connected to the Hydra or Hercules
Instrument System.
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2.3.2
Selecting Compass Mode
Press the < Key adjacent to the MODE legend until COMPS
appears on the top line.
2.3.3
Engaging the Pilot
(1)
From the Pilot Display and with the boat steered on
the desired course, press the Key adjacent to the COMPS
legend.
(2)
From the Hand-held Controller steer the boat on the
desired course, press the Auto/Resume Key to engage the
Pilot.
2.3.4
Disengaging the Pilot
Note
When the Pilot is engaged, the Instrument System FFDs Power-Off
Key is disabled, preventing accidental switching OFF of the Pilot and
Instrument System.
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(1)
At any Pilot Display press the Red Off Key. The Pilot
immediately disengages and returns the boat to manual
steering.
(2)
From the Hand-held Controller press the Red Off
Key. The Pilot immediately disengages and returns the boat
to manual steering.
2.3.5
Changing the Pilot Course
Note
The Pilot can be immediately disengaged and the steering returned to
manual control by pressing the Red Off Key on any Pilot Display or
Hand-held Controller.
(1)
Fine Adjustments - Multiple key operations are
added together to give the required course change, e.g. for
a 5o course change press the 1o button 5 times.
(2) Coarse Adjustments - Multiple key operations are
added together to give the required course change, e.g. for
a 11o course change press the 10o + 1o button.
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(3)
Temporary Changes (Dodging) - At any Pilot
display press the > Key adjacent to the 10o legend to change
the Pilot course to starboard by 10o. When the key is
pressed the last course is stored in the Pilot Computer
course memory. The Pilot course digits alternate between
current and last course: Press the < Key adjacent to the 10o
legend to change the Pilot course to port by 10o. The last
course memory works as described above.
At the Hand-held Controller press the Auto/Resume Key to
return to the original course.
USER TIP
The 10o and Last Keys can be used to "dodge" around
obstacles in the Pilots course. Multiple key operations are
added together to give the required course change, e.g. for
a 20o course change press the 10o Key twice.
Note
If the 1o Key is pressed immediately after pressing the 10o
Key, the course memory is cleared and the last course
cannot be recalled. To return to the original course use the
Reciprocal Key.
2.3.6
Pre-Setting the Pilot Course
(1)
At any Pilot Display, with the Pilot System in
Standby, press the key adjacent to the COURS legend to
display the Course Pre-setting Menu.
(2)
Press the < Key (Decrease) and > Key (Increase)
adjacent to the < < > > legend to alter the Pilot course. This
is displayed on the LCD lower digits.
(3)
Press the key adjacent to the COMPS legend to
engage the Pilot on the new pre-set course.
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2.3.7 Pre-Setting the Next Leg
(1)
At any Pilot Display and with the Pilot engaged,
press the key adjacent to the N LEG legend to display the
Next Leg Pre-Setting Menu.
(2)
Press the < Key (Decrease) and > Key (Increase)
adjacent to the < < > > legend to alter the Pilot legend to preset the Pilot course, displayed on the lower digits.
The keys adjacent to the 10o legend allow course dodges if
required.
(3)
When the course change is required, press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend.
The Pilot will then steer the boat on to the pre-set next
course.
The course change can be abandoned at any time by
pressing the key adjacent to the QUIT legend.
USER TIP
The Next Leg facility can be used to pre-set the next course
change before arriving at a Waypoint, point of interest or
navigational mark. It allows you to plan ahead.
2.4
STEER TO WIND INTRODUCTION
This mode of steering is only available to sailing boats that have a
Hydra or Hercules System fitted with a Masthead Unit.
2.4.1
Hydra 2000 and Hydra Pilot
When WIND is selected with a Hydra/Hydra Pilot System, the Pilot will
steer a course that maintains a set Target Apparent Wind Angle
(Target AWA). If the Apparent Wind Angle (AWA) shifts, the Pilot will
alter course so that the actual AWA remains the same.
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2.4.2
Hercules and Hercules Pilot
The Hercules/Hercules Pilot System has the additional feature of
Steer to Optimum Wind Angle. Data from the Hercules System's polar
tables, stored in the Performance Processor, allow the boat to sail at
the Optimum Wind Angle and is particularly useful for achieving
maximum VMG (Velocity Made Good) to windward.
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2.4.3
Selecting Wind Mode
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the
MODE legend until WIND appears on the top line.
The Apparent Wind Angle (AWA) displayed on the bottom
digits is the same as the displayed APP W/A on the
Instrument System. The position of the bar indicates the
direction of AWA:
Bar to the right of the digits, AWA to starboard.
Bar to the left of the digits, AWA to port.
2.4.4
Engaging the Pilot
(1)
At any Pilot Display steer the boat until the desired
AWA is displayed. Press the key adjacent to the WIND
legend to engage the Pilot.
(2)
From any Hand-held Controller steer the boat until
the desired AWA is displayed. Press the Auto/Resume Key
to engage the Pilot with the Hand-held Controller.
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2.4.5
Disengaging the Pilot
(1)
At any Pilot Display press the Red Off Key. The Pilot
disengages and returns to manual steering.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Red Off Key.
The Pilot disengages and returns to manual steering.
Notes
1. When the Pilot System is steering to wind, course changes are
effected by changing the Target AWA using the 10o and 1o Keys.
The Pilot calculates the course required to maintain the new Target
AWA.
2. The Pilot Wind mode does not have a course memory so
temporary course changes (dodges) are not possible. To return to
a previous course the reciprocal course changes must be entered.
2.4.6
Steer to Wind Adjustments
(a)
Fine Adjustments - At any Pilot Display press the <
Key adjacent to the 1o legend to change the Pilot Target
AWA by 1o to port, and the > Key to change 1o to starboard.
At the Hand-held Controller press the 1o Keys left and right
to change the Pilot Target AWA to port or starboard by 1o.
USER TIPS
Multiple key operations are added together to give the
required course change, e.g. for a 1o course change press
the 1o button.
Multiple key operations are added together to give the
required Target AWA change, e.g. for a 5o Target AWA
change press the 1o button 5 times.
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(b)
Coarse Adjustments - At any Pilot Display press
the < Key adjacent to the 10o and 1o legends to change the
Pilot Target AWA by 11o to port and the > Key to change 11o
to starboard. At the Hand-held Controller press the 10o and
1o Keys to change the Pilot Target AWA to port or starboard
by 11o.
USER TIP
Multiple key operations are added together to give the
required course change, e.g. for a 11o course change press
the 10o + 1o button.
2.4.7
Pre-Setting the Target AWA
When the boat is steered to a course and the Pilot is then engaged,
the Target AWA is approximate. When a specific Target AWA is
required, Target AWA can be set up before engaging the Pilot.
(1)
At the Pilot Display and with Pilot in Standby press
the key adjacent to the ANGLE legend to display the Target
AWA Pre-setting Menu.
(2)
Press the < > Keys adjacent to the <<>> legend to
alter the Target AWA displayed on the lower digits.
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(3)
Press the key adjacent to the WIND legend to
engage the Pilot on the pre-set Target AWA. The boat will
now steer to the pre-set Target AWA.
2.4.8
Auto Tack
When engaged in the Wind mode the Pilot Computer calculates the
True Wind Angle (TWA), thus enabling the Pilot to indicate when it is
possible to execute a Pilot controlled tack. When the Tack Key is
pressed the boat will be steered on the same Target AWA but on the
opposite tack.
The Pilot software steers the boat through the wind, calculates the
new Target AWA and adds 5o to force the boat to bear away to
ensure a fast pick up of speed. When the boat approaches the
modified AWA the Pilot picks up the original Target AWA.
When the TWA is in the range of -90o to +90o, the boat is sailing in
the tack zone. When TACK is indicated on any Pilot Display:
(1)
Press the key adjacent to the TACK legend to
execute an auto tack.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press both the 10o Keys
simultaneously to execute an auto tack when the boat is in
the tack zone.
The boat will tack as described previously on the opposite tack.
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2.4.9
Auto Gybe
The Pilot is also able to indicate when it is possible to execute a Pilot
controlled gybe. When the Gybe Key is pressed the boat will be
steered on to exactly the same Target AWA, but on the opposite tack.
The Pilot software controls the steering so that the wind slowly passes
astern of the boat. This ensures the boom and sails are safely
transferred to the opposite tack.
2.4.10
Gybe Zone
When the TWA is in the range -120o to +120o the boat is sailing in the
gybe zone.
2.4.11
Using the Gybe Key
At any Pilot Display, when in the gybe zone, the Pilot Display will show
GYBE. Press the key adjacent to the GYBE legend to execute an
auto gybe sequence.
2.5
STEER TO WAYPOINT
Notes
Before using Steer to Waypoint check the following points:
(1)
The position fixer has a compatible NMEA 0183
interface set-up in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions.
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(2)
The appropriate NMEA sentences are selected and
set to be transmitted. The minimum data requirement is XTE
(cross track error); however XTE and Bearing to Waypoint
give the best steering performance. For Pilot operation
select any of the following: RMB (best option), XTE, APA, or
APB together with BWR or BWC.
(3)
The position fixer is switched ON and has the correct
current position.
(4)
The signal and noise levels
manufacturer's recommended limits.
are
within
the
(5)
The Waypoints have been entered correctly, and the
Waypoint arrival alarm is switched ON.
(6)
If using Waypoints in a route or sail plan (cruise
plan), the Waypoints have been entered correctly and in the
correct order, the direction of the route has been selected
and the route is enabled.
2.5.1
Steer to Waypoint Introduction
This mode of steering is available to both sail or power boats. It is
also available for Pilot Systems that are using either a Hydra or
Hercules Instrument System, interfaced with a compatible position
fixing device using NMEA 0183 protocols.
The position fixer can be a GPS (Global Positioning System), Decca
or Loran-C receiver; which in turn could be interfaced with a chart
plotter.
When engaged in WAYPT mode the Pilot will steer a course using
Waypoint data from the position fixer or plotter programmed with the
Waypoint positions.
It is important to remember that when the Pilot is steering to a
Waypoint using NMEA data, any erratic data or positional errors
generated by the position fixer will be transferred to the Pilot via the
NMEA interface and the Instrument System. Position fixer errors can
be due to many causes including: poor reception, bad satellite
constellation or radio beacon chain transitions.
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USER TIP
Position fixer errors can cause steering inaccuracy. Always maintain a
log and position plot on an up-to-date chart. Also remember to check
that the Pilot course (Waypoint to Waypoint) will steer the boat clear of
any obstacles, taking into account the effects of tide.
2.5.2
Selecting the Waypoint Mode
At the Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the MODE legend until
WAYPT appears on the top line.
2.5.3
Engaging the Pilot
Note
Before pressing the Waypoint Key steer the boat manually until the
XTE distance is less than 0.03 NM and the heading is close to the
Waypoint Bearing (Waypt Course) as shown on the Pilot Display.
(1)
At any Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the
WAYPT legend to engage the Pilot.
(2)
Press the Auto/Resume Key to engage the Pilot
from the Hand-held Controller.
Note
If XTE is more than 0.03 NM when the Pilot is engaged in Steer to
Waypoint mode, the course will be altered by up to 30o to bring the
boat back onto track.
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2.5.4
Disengaging the Pilot
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the Red Off Key. The Pilot
immediately disengages and returns to manual steering.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Red Off Key.
The Pilot immediately disengages and returns to manual
steering.
2.5.5
Changing the Pilot Course
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the > Key adjacent to the
10° legend to change the Pilot course to starboard by 10°.
The Pilot previous course is stored in the course memory
and the LAST legend is displayed.
(2)
Press the < Key adjacent to the 10° legend to
change the Pilot course to port. The Pilot previous course is
stored in the course memory and the LAST legend is
displayed.
(3)
At the Hand-held Controller press the 10° Keys to
change the Pilot course to port or starboard 10°.
Note
The 1° Keys do not function in the Waypoint mode.
USER TIP
Multiple key operations are added together to give the required
course change, e.g. for a 20o course change press the 10o Keys
twice.
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2.5.6
Returning to Original Course
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the
LAST legend to resume the last course.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Auto/Resume
Key to return to the original course.
2.5.7
Waypoint Arrival Next Leg
Many position fixers automatically switch to the next leg of a sail plan
when a programmed Waypoint is reached. The Pilot will not steer the
boat to the next leg but displays a prompt to the helmsman when the
Waypoint is reached. The display shows NEXT legend adjacent to the
top key.
At any Pilot display press the key adjacent to the NEXT legend to
instruct the Pilot to steer on the next leg of the sail plan.
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USER TIP
Allow a time margin for the next Waypoint bearing to stabilise before
pressing the next key.
Note
The Bearing to Waypoint must be supplied via the NMEA interface for
this function to operate; i.e. use one of the following NMEA
sentences: APB, BWC, BWR, RMB.
2.6
POWER STEER
2.6.1
Introduction
Power steer is available with all Pilot configurations for sail boats and
power boats, and allows the helmsman to directly control the boat’s
rudder by either the Pilot Display Unit keys or the Hand-held
Controller. When in Power Steer mode, the Pilot control software is
by-passed and the key operations directly control the rudder drive
unit.
USER TIP
Power steer can be used in an emergency if the normal manual
steering became defective.
2.6.2
Selecting Power Steer Mode
At any Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the MODE legend until
POWER appears on the top line.
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2.6.3
Engaging the Pilot
Note
The rudder should be in the amidships position (or the position at
which the boat steers a straight course) before the Power Key is
pressed.
(1)
At any Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the
POWER legend to engage the Pilot.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Auto/Resume
Key to engage the Pilot with the Hand-held Controller.
2.6.4
Disengaging the Pilot
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the Red Off Key. The Pilot
immediately disengages and returns to manual steering.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Red Off Key.
The Pilot immediately disengages and returns to manual
steering.
2.6.5
Fine Rudder Adjustments
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the > Key adjacent to the
legend < > to move the rudder to starboard in steps of 0.6 o.
(2)
Press the < Key adjacent to the legend < > to move
the rudder to port in steps of 0.6 o.
(3)
At the Hand-held Controller press the 1o Keys to
move the rudder to port or starboard in steps of 0.6 o
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USER TIP
Multiple operations of the keys are added together to give
the required rudder change.
2.6.6
Coarse Rudder Changes
(1)
At the Pilot Display press the < > Keys adjacent to
the << >> legend to move the rudder to port or starboard in
steps of 3 o.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the 10o Keys to
move the rudder to port or starboard by 3 o.
USER TIP
Multiple operations of the keys are added together to give
the required change
2.6.7
Mid Key
Note
When the MID Key is pressed the rudder will return to the position set
before POWER steer was engaged. If the rudder was set at the
amidships position then the MID Key will return the rudder to that
position.
(1)
At any Pilot Display press the key adjacent to the
MID legend to return the rudder to the amidships position.
(2)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Auto/Resume
Key to return the rudder to the amidships position.
2.7
JOYSTICK STEERING
2.7.1
Introduction to Joystick Steering
The joystick allows direct control of the rudder via the Pilot Computer
for quick and responsive steering. Joystick steering is engaged and
disengaged with the separate Red Joystick Button. The lever can only
be moved to port or starboard. Refer to Paragraph 2.8.10 to enable
joystick steering.
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There are two joystick steering options available to the helmsman:
(a)
Normal Steering (Norm) - The rudder moves in
direction of the joystick. When the joystick returns to
central position the rudder movement stops. The greater
movement of the joystick, the faster the response of
rudder.
the
the
the
the
(b)
Proportional Steering (Prop) - The position of the
rudder follows the position of the joystick. When the joystick
returns to the central position the rudder returns to its initial
position.
2.7.2
Engaging the Pilot
Turn the wheel until the rudder is in the amidships position, then press
the separate Red Joystick Button.
Notes
1. Joystick mode can only be engaged by using the Joystick Button.
2. When the Pilot is engaged in Joystick mode the rudder position (at
the moment of engaging) will be the central (null) position of the
joystick. Ensure that the rudder is at the amidships position before
engaging the Pilot.
USER TIP
To counteract any external influences on the steering, e.g. wind and
tide, steer the boat on to a straight and steady course before
engaging the Pilot. This is only true so long as the same course is
maintained.
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2.7.3
Disengaging the Pilot
(1)
To disengage the Pilot when in Joystick mode press
the Joystick Button and the boat will return to manual
steering.
(2)
At the Pilot Display press the Red Off Key. The Pilot
disengages and returns to manual steering.
(3)
At the Hand-held Controller press the Red Off Key.
The Pilot disengages and returns to manual steering.
Note
The Pilot can be immediately disengaged and the steering returned to
manual control by pressing the Red Off Key on any Pilot Display or
Hand-held Controller.
2.7.4
Normal Steering
The rudder moves in the same direction as the joystick and the
display indicates the direction. When the spring-loaded joystick is
released it returns to the central position and the rudder movement
stops and remains at this position. The speed of rudder response is
proportional to the joystick displacement.
2.7.5
Proportional Steering
When proportional steering is used, the rudder follows the rate and
direction of the joystick movement from hard to port to hard to
starboard. When the joystick is in the centre position the rudder is
amidships. The Pilot LCD rudder bar display indicates the rudder
position.
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2.8
SET-UP OPTIONS
The Hydra and Hercules Pilots have eleven set-up options. These
set-ups are used to change and select some of the operating modes,
steering characteristics and alarms of the Pilot System, whether it is
fitted to a power boat or a sailing boat.
The Set-up Menu is accessed by pressing the key adjacent to the
SETUP legend on any Pilot Display Unit, and is available when the
Pilot is either engaged or disengaged in any steering mode.
When the Set-up Menu is displayed the set-up options can be listed,
changed and entered in to the Pilot memory. The diagram below
shows a typical display when using the Set-up Menu.
To exit the Set-up Menu following completion of the set-up
procedures described in the Paragraphs 2.8.1 to 2.8.11 press the key
adjacent to the EXIT legend. The LCD will return to the previous
display before selection of the Set-up Menu.
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2.8.1
Mode Set-Up (MODE)
The MODE set-up allows the steering mode to be changed while the
Pilot is engaged. Dependent upon the Pilot and Instrument System
configuration fitted there are four options available:
(a)
COMP - Steer to Compass.
(b)
WIND - Steer to Wind.
(c)
OPT W - Steer to Optimum Wind (Hercules Pilot).
(d)
WAYPT - Steer to Waypoint.
To set-up MODE:
(1)
Press the key shown until desired MODE is
displayed.
(2)
Press the key shown to scroll through the list of
MODE options.
(3) When the required mode is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
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2.8.2
Speed Set-Up (SPEED)
The SPEED set-up allows the source used for speed data to be
selected. There are three options available:
(a)
B SPD - Boat speed from a speed sensor (default).
(b)
SOG - Speed Over Ground from NMEA device.
(c)
F SPD - Fixed speed entered by the user.
To set-up SPEED:
(1)
Press the key shown until SPEED is displayed.
(2)
Press the key shown to scroll through the list of
SPEED options.
Note
SOG will only be displayed when the Pilot is receiving valid
NMEA data from a position fixer. The default set-up is B
SPD.
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(3)
When B SPD or SOG are selected, press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
(4)
When F SPD is selected press the key adjacent to
the ENTER legend and proceed with steps (5) and (6) to set
the fixed speed value.
(5)
Use the keys shown to adjust the value in increments
of 0.5 to the desired fixed speed within the range 0.5 to
60.0.
Note
The default value for a sail boat is 8.0 knots and 25.0 knots
for a power boat.
(6)
Press the key adjacent to the ENTER legend to set
the fixed speed value. Continue with set-up or press the key
adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the normal Pilot
display.
2.8.3
Response Set-Up (RESP)
The RESP set-up enables the response of the steering to be
selected. There are three options available:
(a)
NORM - Normal course keeping and rudder
response (default).
(b)
ECON - Economy; the rudder movement is limited,
this reduces the overall power consumption of the Pilot
System, however there is a slight reduction in course
keeping.
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(c)
DWIND - Down-wind; the response is changed for
down-wind steering by applying the rudder more quickly. This
allows the Pilot to hold a better course in adverse conditions,
such as sailing down-wind or with a quartering sea. However
there is an increase in the power consumption.
To set-up RESP:
(1)
Press the key shown until RESP is displayed.
(2)
Press the key shown to scroll through the list of
RESP options.
(3)
When the required response is displayed press the
key adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
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2.8.4
Off Course Set-Up (OFF C)
The OFF C set-up selects the Pilot Display to show either off course
or rudder angle when the Pilot is engaged in COMP, WIND, OPT W or
WAYPT modes of steering. There are two options available:
(a)
ON - The bar display shows OFF COURSE (default).
(b)
OFF - The bar display shows RUDDER.
To set-up OFF C:
(1)
Press the key shown until OFF C is displayed.
(2)
Press the key shown to select the display function of
the bar display when the Pilot is engaged.
(3)
When the required display function is displayed
press the key adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with
set-up or press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return
to the normal Pilot display.
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2.8.5
Compass Damping Set-Up (C DMP)
The C DMP set-up is the amount of damping (response to change)
applied to the displayed value of compass heading (top digits of Pilot
Display Unit LCD) and can be set in the range 0 to 99 seconds. The
default setting is 4.
Note
This does not effect the response of the Pilot.
To set-up C DMP:
(1)
Press the key shown until C DMP is displayed.
(2)
Use the keys shown to adjust the value within the
range 0 to 99 seconds.
(3)
When the required value is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
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2.8.6
NMEA Source Set-Up (N SRC)
The N SRC set-up selects the source of NMEA data when more than
one NMEA position fixer is connected to the Hydra or Hercules
Instrument System. The selections displayed depend upon the NMEA
data that is being received by the instrument system. The options are
listed below:
(a)
AT 0 - Automatic selection (default).
(b)
GP - GPS data.
(c)
DC - Decca data.
(d)
LC - Loran-C data.
(e)
II - Integrated Instrument data.
Note
When more than one of the same type of NMEA position fixer is
connected, i.e. two GPS receivers, then the number following the
device identifier, e.g. GP 96, determines which GPS is supplying the
NMEA data.
To set-up N SRC:
(1)
Press the key shown until N SRC is displayed.
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(2)
Press the key shown to scroll through the list of
available N SRC options.
(3)
When the required setting is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
2.8.7
Course Alarm Set-Up (CRS A)
The CRS A set-up enables the Course Alarm facility. The Pilot will
sound an alarm (if an audible alarm is fitted to the instrument system)
and all the system displays flash a warning when the Pilot off course
error is greater than the value set. The alarm is temporarily disabled
while the boat is turning. There are two selections:
(a)
OFF - The alarm is disabled (default).
(b)
1 to 180 - A number is set in degrees. The alarm is
enabled when the value is entered.
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To set-up CRS A:
(1)
Press the key shown until CRS A is displayed.
(2)
Use the keys shown to adjust the value within the
range OFF to 180o.
(3)
When the required value is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
2.8.8
Watch Alarm Set-Up (WATCH)
The WATCH set-up enables the watch alarm facility. The Pilot will
sound an alarm (if an audible alarm is fitted to the Instrument System)
and cause all the system displays to flash a warning at a pre-set time
interval to keep the helmsman and crew alert. There are two
selections:
(a)
OFF - The alarm is disabled (default).
(b) 1 to 360 - A number is set in minutes. The alarm is
enabled when the value is entered.
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To set-up WATCH:
(1)
Press the key shown until WATCH is displayed.
(2)
Use the keys shown to adjust the value within the
range OFF to 360 minutes.
(3)
When the required value is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
2.8.9
Back Lighting Set-Up (LIGHT)
The LIGHT set-up alters the LCD back-lighting colour for all Pilot
Displays and FFDs connected to the system. There are two
selections:
(a)
RED (default).
(b)
GREEN.
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To set-up LIGHT:
(1)
Press the key shown until LIGHT is displayed.
(2)
Press the key shown to select either RED or
GREEN.
(3)
When the required setting is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
2.8.10
Joystick Set-Up (JYSTK)
The JYSTK set-up selects the joystick steering, see the joystick
section of this manual for details about the different steering modes.
There are two selections:
(a)
NORM - Normal steering mode (default).
(b)
PROP - Proportional steering mode.
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To set-up JYSTK:
(1)
Press the key shown until JYSTK is displayed.
(2)
Press the key shown to select either NORM or
PROP.
(3)
When the required setting is displayed press the key
adjacent to the ENTER legend. Continue with set-up or
press the key adjacent to the EXIT legend to return to the
normal Pilot display.
2.9
PILOT INFORMATION ON FFD
The Hydra or Hercules Instrument System FFD (full function display)
can be configured to display a limited range of Pilot information. This
information is accessed via the Pilot Menu that only appears when a
Pilot is connected. The following information is available on any
system FFD.
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2.9.1
Pilot Course (PLT CRSE oM)
The FFD can display the Pilot course in degrees magnetic. The
displayed digits are the same as the lower digits of the Pilot Display
Unit. When the Pilot is engaged the PILOT ON legend appears on the
FFD. When the Pilot is disengaged the FFD will show OFF where
Pilot information is normally displayed.
2.9.2
Rudder Angle (RUDDER o)
The rudder angle can be displayed when the Pilot is engaged or
disengaged, this is particularly useful for manoeuvring. The angle is
shown in degrees port or starboard of the amidships position;
indicated by two bars to the left or right of the digits.
2.9.3
Off Course Error (OFF CRSE o)
The digits display the difference between the compass heading and
the Pilot course in degrees. A "dog-leg" symbol indicates the
direction to steer to correct the course error. When the Pilot is
disengaged the display will show OFF.
2.9.4
Man Overboard Facility (MAN OVER)
The Man Overboard Button (MOB) is an optional extra that when fitted
can be used to activate the MOB procedure. This can be used as an
aid in recovering personnel or equipment lost overboard.
Under normal operating conditions the display will show a NO legend.
When activated the FFD shows an alternating display of Bearing and
Distance to the MOB.
2.9.5
Pilot Faults and Errors (PLT ERR)
The Pilot is constantly self checking for correct operation. If an error
occurs or a parameter is outside the normal operating specification,
then the FFD can display a number that relates to a fault. See Part 6 Diagnostic Data.
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2.10
MAN OVERBOARD FACILITY
The Man Overboard Button (MOB) is an optional extra that activates
the Pilot's Man Overboard alarm procedure. The MOB can be used
whether the Pilot is engaged or disengaged.
The purpose of this feature is to aid in the recovery of crew or
passengers lost overboard. By sending the bearing and distance to
the Pilot, the execution of a “Williamson Turn” can be achieved
automatically. The boat is returned to the position at which the MOB
was pressed.
2.10.1
Man Overboard Procedure
For this facility to operate there is a requirement to have a speed
sensor input. User entered fixed speed or Speed Over Ground from a
position fixer will not activate the MOB procedure.
Sail boats, because of the need to tack or gybe, must use Manual
Recovery. The boat is steered back to the MOB position, following the
bearing and distance displays, either manually or under Pilot control.
Power boat owner's, however, can use the Pilot for Automatic
Recovery. The Pilot will control the steering of the boat to execute a
"Williamson Turn" and return the boat along the reciprocal course.
When the MOB is pressed, the Instrument System audible alarm will
sound (if fitted), the LCDs will show the MOB message and if the
back-lighting is ON, the colour will flash from red to green. The alarm
is silenced by pressing the Enter Key twice on any Full Function
Display.
The full procedures for Manual and Automatic Man Overboard
Recovery are described below. These procedures should be
practised and explained to all crew and passengers on board the
vessel. This practice could help to save a life.
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2.10.2
Manual Recovery (All Boats)
(1)
Press the MOB as soon as the person is lost
overboard. The alarm will sound (if fitted) and the display will
show the Man Overboard message. The Pilot display and the
FFDs will now show the bearing and distance to the person
overboard. The bearing will be flashed three times and then
the distance (in Nautical Miles) once only.
(2)
Press the key adjacent to the MOB B legend twice
on any Pilot display or the Enter Key on any FFD to
acknowledge the man overboard. The displays will stop
flashing and the audible alarm will be silenced.
(3)
Maintain a lookout and keep visual contact with the
person in the water. Steer the boat back to the person
overboard following the bearing and distance displays. The
boat can be steered using the course change buttons when
the Pilot is engaged, or press the Red Off Key to disengage
the Pilot and steer the boat manually. Recover the person
overboard.
(4)
To end the MOB sequence at any time press the key
adjacent to the CANCL on any Pilot Display twice or press
and hold the MOB for 5 seconds. The displays of bearing
and distance are cancelled and the Pilot will return to the
normal (previous) setting.
2.10.3
Automatic Recovery (Power Only)
(1)
Press the MOB as soon as the person is lost
overboard. The alarm will sound and the display will show the
Man Overboard message. The Pilot display and the FFDs
will now show the bearing and distance to the person
overboard. The bearing will be flashed three times, then the
distance (in NM) once.
(2)
Press the key adjacent to the MOB B legend twice
on any Pilot Display or the Enter Key on any FFD to
acknowledge the man overboard. The displays will stop
flashing and the audible alarm will be silenced.
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(3)
Maintain a lookout and keep visual contact with the
person in the water. Reduce the boat speed to LESS THAN
8 knots. Ensure that the area is clear of other boats and
obstacles.
(4)
Press the MOB three times in quick succession to
initiate an automatic recovery. The Pilot will control the
steering and execute a “Williamson Turn”. Alternatively press
the Red Off Key to disengage the Pilot and steer the boat
manually. Recover the person overboard.
(5)
To end the MOB sequence press the key adjacent
to the CANCL on any Pilot Display twice or press and hold
the MOB for 5 seconds. The displays of bearing and
distance are cancelled and the Pilot will return to the normal
(previous) setting.
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Part 3 - Commissioning and Calibration
PART 3 - COMMISSIONING AND CALIBRATION
CONTENTS
Para
3.1
3.1.1
Page
3.1.2
3.1.3
INTRODUCTION TO PILOT COMMISSIONING
Hydra & Hercules - Pilot Commissioning
(H-Range)
Pilot Installation Check List
Parameters to be Set
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-6
3.2
3.2.1
COMMISSIONING MODE SELECTION
Entering Commissioning Mode
3-7
3-7
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
3.3.6
3.3.7
3.3.8
3.3.9
3.3.10
3.3.11
3.3.12
COMMISSIONING/CALIBRATION ALONGSIDE 3-8
Boat Type Selection (B TYPE)
3-8
Setting the Boat Type
3-8
Heading Source (Compass) H SRC
3-9
Setting the Heading Source Value
3-9
Heading Offset (Compass Alignment) H OFF
3-10
Adjusting the Heading Offset
3-10
Magnetic DIP Angle DIP
3-10
Setting the Magnetic DIP Value
3-11
Rudder Drive Type (Drive)
311
Setting the Drive Type
3-12
Setting the Rudder End Stops
3-12
Setting the Boat Length (B LEN)
3-15
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.4.7
3.4.8
3.4.9
3.4.10
3.4.11
3.4.12
3.4.13
3.4.14
3.4.15
SEA TRIAL COMMISSIONING/CALIBRATION
Introduction
Verify Rudder Power Drive
Selecting Power Steer Mode
Power Steer Check
Compass Swing Calibration
Calibrating the Pilot Compass
Setting the Heading Offset Value (H Off)
Calibration of Speed Input (S CAL)
Setting the Speed Calibration Value
Rudder Gain (R GAN)
Checking Rudder Gain Learning
Setting the Rudder Gain Manually
Setting the Rudder Gain Value
Boat Lag Value
Checking the Boat Lag
3-15
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-17
3-18
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-20
3-20
3-21
3-21
3-22
3-23
3-23
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CONTENTS (Contd.)
Para
3.4.16
Page
Setting the Boat Lag Value
3-24
ILLUSTRATIONS
Fig No
3-1
3-2
Page
Magnetic DIP Angle Corrections
Boat Lag Response
3-11
3-23
TABLES
Table No
3.1
3.2
3.3
Page
Compass Data
Rudder Gain Value
Boat Lag Value Table
3-9
3-22
3-24
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Part 3 - Commissioning and Calibration
PART 3 - COMMISSIONING AND CALIBRATION
3.1
INTRODUCTION TO PILOT COMMISSIONING
3.1.1
Hydra & Hercules - Pilot Commissioning (H-Range)
Before the H-Range Pilot can be used, it is necessary to carry out
commissioning tests. This encompasses the setting and calibration of
various parameters, installation and functional checks of the Pilot
System equipment. These items are listed below in Para. 3.1.2.
The procedure for commissioning can be divided into two stages.
The first stage is carried out alongside and the second stage is
carried out or checked during the course of a sea trial. The order in
which the commissioning procedures are carried out is not the order
in which they appear when the keys are pressed. Press the function
key until the required parameter is displayed.
This manual covers both the ACP 1 and ACP 2 Pilot Systems.
3.1.2
Pilot Installation Check List
The check list below should be used prior to the commissioning of the
autopilot to ensure that the entire system is functional before applying
power.
Drive Unit & Steering System
(1)
Drive unit securely fixed to a rigid part of the boat
structure.
(2)
Gauge of power cable is appropriate.
Hydraulic Rams
(1)
Boat end stops must limit the rudder movement, not
the stroke of the hydraulic ram.
(2)
Split pins and spacers that secure the ram to its
mounting foot are secure.
(3)
Absence of oil leaks.
(4)
Correct diameter bolt in universal ball joint, correct
size hole in tiller.
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(5)
Ram free to move side to side and up and down.
(6)
Reservoir at highest point if ram split.
For Size Three Rams only:
(7)
The reservoir has been fixed to a bulkhead above
the ram and pump.
(8)
The sealed reservoir transit cap has been replaced
with the breather cap supplied.
(9)
The reservoir has been filled with the oil supplied.
(10)
The reservoir tap has been switched to the 'ON'
position allowing the oil to flow between the reservoir and the
pipe.
Note
The tap 'ON' position is in alignment with the pipe.
Hydraulic Pumps
(1)
A position should be chosen convenient for the
steering system hydraulic delivery lines.
(2)
The site should be rigid and flat to prevent excess
vibration.
(3)
Shielded from the direct effects of the elements.
(4)
Minimise the lengths of the hydraulic lines from the
pump to the cylinder and where possible the pump motor
supply cables.
(5)
Absence of oil leaks.
(6)
Absence of air in the hydraulic system.
Rotary Drives
(1)
No backlash or excessive slackness in chain.
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Rudder Reference Installation
(1)
Base securely fixed to boat structure.
(2)
Arm securely fixed to boss.
(3)
Ball joint securely fixed to arm.
(4)
Linkage has not been over extended.
(5)
No slack or backlash in the linkage.
(6)
Linkage does not foul when rudder moved hard over
to hard over.
(7)
Arm moves through at least 90° when rudder moved
hard over to hard over (there must be at least 1 volt
difference between the end stops).
(8)
Ball joint securely fixed to quadrant/tiller.
Compass Installation
(1)
Mount the unit upright on a flat, vertical bulkhead.
(2)
A safe distance from external magnetic interference:
1m/3ft from VHF, RDF, loudspeakers, depth sounders,
engines, power cables carrying heavy current, etc., 3m/10ft
from radar and SSB equipment. Check the other side of
bulkheads.
(3)
Reasonably well protected from direct physical
damage.
(4)
With the connector facing downwards.
(5)
Fitted as near to centre of motion of boat as other
factors allow, aft of centre preferred as there is usually less
motion than forward of centre.
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Electronics Installation
(1)
Secure the unit in the selected site using the nonmagnetic self tapping screws provided.
(2)
Cables secure.
(3)
Cables undamaged.
(4)
No loose bits of wire.
(5)
Screens connected in accordance with wiring
instructions and sleeved where appropriate.
3.1.3
Parameters to be Set
The following is a list of the parameters that have to be set during
commissioning. They are selected by pressing the keys indicated on
the diagrams while in commissioning mode. Each parameter is
explained in the following sections:
B TYPE Select boat type: Sail, Power P, Power D.
SWING Compass Deviation Correction.
H SRC Heading Source, compass data selection.
H OFF Heading Offset, compass alignment correction.
DIP
Magnetic DIP Angle compensation.
DRIVE Rudder drive type selection.
RUD P Rudder end stop Port.
RUD S Rudder end stop Starboard.
RUD M Rudder mid position.
RUD T Rudder Hard-over time.
S CAL Speed sensor calibration.
B LEN Boat waterline length in metres.
B LAG Boat Lag value.
R GAN Rudder Gain value.
LOCK Watch alarm lock facility, disables alarm on/off
control.
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3.2
COMMISSIONING MODE SELECTION
3.2.1
Entering Commissioning Mode
Notes
1. The autopilot must be in STANDBY to carry out this operation.
2. If it is the first time the Pilot has been commissioned, SELCT will
be displayed instead of SAIL, PWR P or PWR D.
(1)
To
enter
the
commissioning
mode
simultaneously press the < > Keys adjacent to the
COURS legend.
(2)
To scroll through the list of commissioning
parameters press either of the < > keys adjacent to the
B TYPE legend.
(3)
To exit commissioning mode press the key
adjacent to the EXIT legend.
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3.3
COMMISSIONING/CALIBRATION ALONGSIDE
The following parameters should be set prior to a sea trial:
B TYPE Select boat type: Sail, Power P, Power D.
H SRC Heading Source, compass data selection.
H OFF Heading Offset, compass alignment correction.
DIP
Magnetic DIP Angle compensation.
DRIVE Rudder drive type selection.
RUD P Rudder end stop Port.
RUD S Rudder end stop Starboard.
RUD M Rudder mid position.
RUD T Rudder hard-over Time.
B LEN Boat waterline length in metres.
3.3.1
Boat Type Selection (B TYPE)
Three selections are available:
SAIL For all sail boats.
PWR D For power boats with displacement hulls.
PWR P For power boats with planing hulls.
3.3.2
Setting the Boat Type
(1)
Select B TYPE from the menu.
(2)
Press the < > keys and select SAIL or PWR P
or PWR D.
(3)
Press Enter to store the parameter.
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3.3.3
Heading Source (Compass) H SRC
The Heading Source setting defines the source for compass data.
This setting is determined by the H-Range Instruments or the HRange Pilot System.
Most systems will use the Pilot remote compass unit. The compass
sensor supplies heading data to the Pilot and the instruments.
However, some systems may have a Super Halcyon 3 or Halcyon
2000 Compass fitted. This could be in addition or in lieu of the Pilot
compass. Settings are available to select any of the compass
sensors, select the correct one for the system from the table below:
H SRC
COMPASS DATA
5
Super Halcyon 3, connected via the HRange instrument system
16
Halcyon 2000 Compass
18
ACP Remote Compass Unit
Table 3.1 Compass Data
The heading node value must be set to either 5 to receive heading
from a Super Halcyon Compass, 16 for a Halcyon 2000, or 18 for a
Pilot Remote Compass.
3.3.4
Setting the Heading Source Value
(1)
Select H SRC from the menu.
(2)
Select the value from the table.
(3)
Press Enter to store the value.
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3.3.5
Heading Offset (Compass Alignment) H OFF
The Compass Alignment electronically compensates for the
misalignment between the autopilot’s fluxgate compass and the
Earth’s magnetic field.
The boat’s actual heading must be known; use a bowl compass or
hand-held compass for reference.
Enter the heading offset (in degrees) to correct the misalignment, in
the range -180 to +180. For example: The boats actual heading is
Due North, 000. The autopilot display is indicating West, 270.
Enter the heading offset value of 90. The heading offset should be
checked during a sea trial to ensure that it has been entered
accurately.
3.3.6
3.3.7
Adjusting the Heading Offset
(1)
Select H OFF from the menu.
(2)
Calculate the correct value for the offset.
(3)
Press Enter to store the value.
Magnetic DIP Angle (DIP)
All magnetic compasses are affected by “Northerly turning errors” in
the Northern Hemisphere or “Southerly turning errors” in the Southern
Hemisphere, which increase with Boat Speed and Magnetic DIP
Angle in higher latitudes. These can cause heading instability at boat
speeds greater than 20 knots when steering with an autopilot. By
entering the dip value indicated on the compensation chart, the
autopilot will be able to correct for these errors and improve the
heading stability. Use the minimum value necessary to stabilise the
heading.
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Note
This applies to boats faster than 20 Knots only.
3.3.8
Setting the Magnetic DIP Value
(1)
Select DIP from the menu.
(2)
Select the correct value from the chart below.
(3)
Press Enter to store the value.
Fig 3.1 Magnetic DIP Angle Corrections
3.3.9 Rudder Drive Type (Drive)
Note
Depending upon the type of rudder drive unit fitted, the Pilot controls
the rudder drive motor in different ways, this optimises the autopilot
steering response.
There are three selections for DRIVE:
TYP-A All Linear Rams, Hydraulic pumps and Rotary drives.
TYP-B Pedestal drive motors fitted by some steering gear
manufacturers.
TYP-C Outdrive drive units and Continuous drive units.
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3.3.10
3.3.11
Setting the Drive Type
(1)
Select DRIVE from the menu.
(2)
Select the correct value from the list above.
(3)
Press Enter to store the drive type.
Setting the Rudder End Stops
Before the Pilot can be used the position of the rudder end stops
must be entered.
Notes
1. If the boat is equipped with hydraulically power assisted steering,
the engines must be running whilst setting the end stops.
2. The rudder hard-over to hard-over time can only be calculated if the
boat is stationary and there is no fixed speed entered.
RUD P - Setting the Port End Stop
(1)
Select RUD P from the menu.
(2)
Turn the wheel until the rudder is hard-over to Port.
(3)
keys.
Change the OFF legend to ON using the adjacent
(4)
Press Enter to set the Port end stop position. The
display reverts to OFF.
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RUD S - Setting the Starboard End Stop
(1)
Select RUD S from the menu.
(2)
Turn the wheel until the rudder is hard over to
Starboard.
(3)
keys.
Change the OFF legend to ON using the adjacent
(4)
Press Enter to set the Starboard end stop position.
The display reverts to OFF.
RUD M - Setting the Amidships Position
(1)
Select RUD M from the menu.
(2)
Turn the wheel until the rudder is amidships.
(3)
keys.
Change the OFF legend to ON using the adjacent
(4)
Press Enter to set the amidships position. The
display reverts to OFF.
Notes
1. Due to hull design and steering characteristics the best rudder
amidships position can only be set when underway, at normal
cruising speed. It is therefore necessary to re-adjust the amidships
position during a sea trial.
2. When entering end stops, ensure that the helm is moved all the way
to the end stop position. The Pilot automatically limits the amount of
travel when operating to prevent damage to the system.
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RUD T - Rudder Hard-Over Time
To finish the rudder end stop commissioning procedure the
autopilot must calculate the rudder hardover Port to hardover
Starboard time. The following points must be observed
before carrying out the procedure:
(a)
If the boat is equipped with hydraulic power assisted
steering the engines must be running during setting the
rudder end stops.
(b)
The rudder hard-over to hard-over time can only be
calculated with the boat stationary.
(1)
Select RUD T from the menu.
(2)
keys.
Change the OFF legend to ON using the adjacent
(3)
Press Enter to start the timing. The Pilot will drive
the rudder to measure the hard over to hard over time.
WARNING
ENSURE THAT HANDS ETC. ARE KEPT CLEAR FROM THE
STEERING MECHANISM PRIOR TO PERFORMING THE RUDDER
HARD-OVER TIME.
Note
If RUD T fails to work then check the boat speed; this must be less
than 2 knots. Turn the wheel, check that the rudder bar display on the
Pilot display is indicating. If it fails to indicate carry out the end stop
procedures again. The RRU must move through a minimum of 90°
when the wheel is turning from lock to lock. Check to ensure that there
is a minimum of a 1 volt swing from Port to Starboard measured
between the Green and Blue wires from the rudder position sensor.
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3.3.12
Setting the Boat Length (B LEN)
Note
The boats waterline length in Metres must be entered into the
autopilot for it to steer accurately.
(1)
Select B LEN from the menu.
(2)
Enter the correct waterline length in metres.
(3)
Press Enter to set the value.
Caution
Until all parameters have been set or checked the autopilot
should not be used to steer the boat.
3.4
SEA TRIAL COMMISSIONING/CALIBRATION
3.4.1
Introduction
To complete the setting of parameters and commissioning procedure
a sea trial is necessary.
The following parameters should be set and checked during the initial
sea trial:
SWING
H OFF
RUD M
S CAL
B LAG
R GAN
LOCK
Compass Deviation Correction.
Heading Offset, compass alignment correction.
Rudder mid position.
Speed sensor calibration.
Boat lag value.
Rudder gain value.
Watch alarm lock facility, disables alarm on/off
control.
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The commissioning sea trial should be carried out under power in
open water on a calm day. The procedures for the remainder of the
commissioning involve continual course and speed changes, it is
therefore important that a constant look out is maintained. The
autopilot will initially operate from the factory default values for Boat
Lag (B LAG) and Rudder Gain (R GAN). These are different for sail or
power boats. During the sea trial the Pilot learning algorithm will
automatically set and adjust the value for rudder gain. The values for
boat lag and rudder gain will be checked and adjusted to finely tune
the autopilot steering performance when necessary. The default
values for steering are automatically set dependent upon the type of
vessel as set by boat type (B TYPE).
Notes
1. On the initial sea trial DO NOT EXCEED 15 KNOTS. Sail boats
should be commissioned at the normal cruising speed.
2. Always maintain a proper lookout.
3. If in doubt, disengage the autopilot with the Red Off Key on any
Pilot Display or Hand-held Controller, and return to manual steering.
To Engage the Pilot
(1)
Steer the boat onto a suitable heading, allow time for
the boat to settle on this course.
(2)
Engage Pilot in COMPS (compass) mode.
(3)
The autopilot will now be steering the boat on the
selected heading. Alter course in multiple increments using
the 10o and 1 o course change buttons on any Pilot Display or
Hand-held Controller.
To Disengage the Pilot
(1)
Press the Red Off Key to disengage the autopilot
and return to manual steering.
3.4.2
Verify Rudder Power Drive
Power Steer mode can be used to verify that the rudder drive is
operating correctly. This mode allows the user to directly control the
boat’s rudder by using any Pilot Display or Hand-held Controller
course change keys.
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This facility could be used in an emergency if the normal manual
steering system becomes defective, e.g. a broken steering quadrant
cable or control rod. It can also assist with diagnosis of faults in the
ram drive unit, drive pump or the rudder reference unit and its linkage
to the steering system since the autopilot normal course control
software is by-passed.
3.4.3
Selecting Power Steer Mode
Note
The Pilot must be in STANDBY.
(1)
Turn the wheel so the rudder is in the amidships
position (if possible).
(2)
Press the key next to the POWER legend.
(3)
To exit power steer mode press the Red Off Key.
Note
When the MID Key is pressed the rudder will return to the position it
was in when POWER steer was engaged. If the rudder was set at the
amidships position then MID Key will return it to that position.
(4)
Press the keys next to the MODE legend until
POWER is displayed on the top line. With the rudder
amidships, press the key adjacent to the POWER legend to
engage the Pilot in power steer mode.
(5)
Use the < < or > > Keys to adjust the rudder position
o
by 3 . Use the < or > Keys to adjust the rudder position by
1o. Press MID to return the rudder to the amidships position.
3.4.4
Power Steer Check
(1)
Engage
operation.
the
Pilot,
check
clutch/bypass
valve
(2)
With the Pilot engaged, try to move rudder with the
wheel. The backlash should be less than 1o of rudder
movement. Investigate and rectify any backlash steering
problems immediately.
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(3)
Use the << >> Keys to move the rudder, check that
the Pilot can move the rudder by large amounts, verify by
watching the rudder angle on the display, each press should
give approximately 3 o rudder movement.
(4)
Use the < > Keys to move the rudder, check that the
Pilot can move the rudder by small amounts, verify by
watching the rudder angle on the display, each press should
give about 1 o rudder movement.
3.4.5
Compass Swing Calibration
This procedure will automatically correct the ACP remote compass
unit for any deviation errors. It should be carried out in open water,
preferably on a calm day, with minimal wind, waves and minimum
traffic.
Important Note
If the Pilot is using a Super Halcyon 3 or Halcyon 2000 Compass as
its Heading Source then it must be calibrated at this point. Refer to the
calibration procedure in the Hydra 2000 or Hercules 2000 User
Manuals.
3.4.6
Calibrating the Pilot Compass
(1)
Scroll through the commissioning parameters until
SWING is displayed.
(2)
keys.
Change the OFF legend to ON using the adjacent
(3)
Press Enter to start the swing.
Note
The COMPASS SWING can be stopped at any time by pressing the
Exit Key.
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(4)
With the speed below 5 knots, turn the boat through
o
360 at a rate of turn not greater than 2o per second, i.e. the
turn should take about 3 minutes to complete. The display
will show the amount of turn completed so far in degrees.
(5)
Keep turning until PAS (PASS) or FAIL is displayed.
PAS will alternately be displayed with a number which indicates the
amount of correction applied. If this is greater than approximately 15o,
consider re-siting the remote compass unit in a more favourable
position away from external magnetic influences.
If FAIL shows the swing was unsuccessful, the display will return to
000o and the procedure will have to be repeated.
3.4.7
Setting the Heading Offset Value (H Off)
The heading offset was originally set while the boat was alongside. It
is advisable that the offset value is checked after the Compass Swing
has been completed. Refer to Setting the Heading Offset to review
the procedure in full.
3.4.8
(1)
Select H OFF from the menu.
(2)
Calculate the correct value for the offset.
(3)
Press Enter to store the value.
Calibration of Speed Input (S CAL)
The ACP Computer Unit can take a direct speed input from a Paddle
Wheel with a hall effect output. Normally the Pilot uses boat speed
supplied via the system network from the Instrument System, this
facility is only used when the installation does not include an H-range
Instrument System.
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All B&G paddle wheel type speed sensors are compatible. The
Hertz/Knot value is entered into the system to ensure the autopilot
steering response is controlled with reference to boat speed. The
default Hertz/Knot value is 4.50; this is the default setting for B&G
speed sensors.
To determine if the value is correct compare the boat speed value
displayed by the Pilot display (when the Speed Key is pressed) with
the displayed value of speed on the log/speedometer fitted.
3.4.9
Setting the Speed Calibration Value
(1)
Select S CAL from the menu.
(2)
Adjust the value with the < > Keys.
(3)
Press Enter to set the value.
Note
The speed cal reading is inversely proportional; i.e. to increase the
boat speed, decrease the Hertz/Knot value.
3.4.10
Rudder Gain (R GAN)
When the Pilot is part of an integrated system, boat speed data will be
supplied via the system network cables from the H-Range
Instruments. By monitoring boat speed and rate of turn the Pilot will
automatically 'learn' the correct value for Rudder Gain giving a rate of
turn of approximately 6o per second for a sail boat or 8o for a power
boat.
If there is no direct speed input or the speed is being set by the Pilot
Display Manual Speed Band selections, then the Rudder Gain value
must be entered manually; for these types of installations omit this
section and proceed to Manual Rudder Gain.
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3.4.11
Checking Rudder Gain Learning
(1)
Steer the boat onto a suitable heading, allow time for
the boat to settle on this course.
(2)
Engage the pilot in COMPS (compass) mode.
(3)
AT A SPEED NOT EXCEEDING 15 KNOTS, make
at least 6 large course changes of at least 100o, by multiple
presses of the 10o course change buttons on any Pilot
Display or Hand-held Controller. This enables the autopilot to
learn the rudder gain value.
(4)
When the autopilot has learnt the rudder gain value
the rate of turn will be approximately 6o (sail) or 8o (power)
per second. To estimate the rate of turn the display is
updated twice per second, therefore the heading display
should jump in 3o-4o steps.
(5)
Press the Red Off Key to disengage the autopilot
and return to manual steering.
3.4.12
Setting the Rudder Gain Manually
(1)
Steer the boat onto a suitable heading; allow time for
the boat to settle on this course.
(2)
Engage the pilot in COMPS (compass) mode.
(3)
AT A SPEED NOT EXCEEDING 15 KNOTS, make
at least 6 large course changes of at least 100o by multiple
presses of the 10o course change buttons on any Pilot
Display or Hand-held Controller.
(4)
Observe and estimate the rate of turn. It should be
approximately 6o to 8o per second. To estimate the rate of
turn the display is updated twice per second, therefore the
heading display should jump in 3o to 4o steps.
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(5)
Observe the performance of the autopilot when
changing course. The rudder gain value is inversely
proportional, therefore, if the rate of turn is too SLOW,
REDUCE the value of rudder gain and the Pilot will use more
rudder. If the rate of turn is too FAST, INCREASE the value
of rudder gain and the Pilot will use less rudder.
(6)
Adjust the Rudder Gain to give an average rate of
turn of approximately 6o to 8o per second.
Boat Type
Factory Set Value
Typical Values
Sail Boats
2.0
1.0 to 3.0
Power Boats
0.8
0.3 to 1.0
Table 3.2 Rudder Gain Value
Note
The factory set value is selected by setting Boat Type and Rudder
Drive Type during commissioning.
3.4.13
SETTING THE RUDDER GAIN VALUE
Note
The autopilot must be disengaged and in commissioning mode to
adjust the Rudder Gain value.
(1)
Select R GAN from the menu.
(2)
Adjust the value with the < > Keys shown.
(3)
Press Enter to set the value.
HB-0842
3-22
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 3 - Commissioning and Calibration
3.4.14
Boat Lag Value
Boat Lag is the time taken for the boat to respond to changes in helm.
For example, heavy displacement hulls require a larger value for boat
lag.
3.4.15
Checking the Boat Lag
(1)
Engage the autopilot as previously explained in Initial
Pilot Sea Trial.
(2)
At a speed not exceeding 15 knots, change course
o
by 90 in each direction.
(3)
Observe the autopilot steering performance. The
boat should turn onto the new heading with minimal
overshoot (a slight overshoot is acceptable).
(4)
If the overshoot is consistently more than 5o for
course changes in both directions increase the Boat Lag
value in steps of 0.1 until the overshoot is corrected.
(5)
It is easier to spot overshoot than undershoot, hence
if no overshoot is observed decrease the boat lag in steps of
0.1 until a small overshoot is seen. Use the smallest value of
Boat Lag to stop overshoot.
Boat Lag Value Correct
Boat Lag Value
Incorrect (too small)
Fig 3.2 Boat Lag Response
HB-0842
3-23
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 3 - Commissioning and Calibration
Boat Type
Factory Set Value
Typical Values
Sail Boats
0.3
0.3 to 1.0
Power Boats
0.5
0.3 to 1.0
Table 3.3 Boat Lag Value Table
Note
The factory set value is selected by setting Boat Type and Rudder
Drive Type during commissioning.
3.4.16
Setting the Boat Lag Value
Note
The autopilot must be disengaged and commissioning mode
selected to adjust the Boat Lag value.
(1)
Select B LAG from the menu.
(2)
Adjust the value with the < > Keys.
(3) Press Enter to set the value.
HB-0842
3-24
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
PART 4 - INSTALLATION INFORMATION
CONTENTS
Para
Page
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.1.6
4.1.7
4.1.8
4.1.9
CABLE AND CONNECTION INFORMATION
EMC Compliance
General Wiring Notes
Pilot Drive Unit Cables
ACP Unit Terminal and BNC Plug/Jack Details
Assembling BNC Plugs
Clutch Voltage Selection
Network and Alarm Connections
Pilot Display Connections
Remote Compass Connections
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-9
4-10
4-11
4.2
4.2.1
MOB, JOYSTICK, HAND-HELD CONTROLLER 4-12
MOB, Joystick, Hand-held Controller
Connections
4-12
4.3
4.3.1
RAM DRIVE UNIT
Hydraulic Ram Drive Connections
4-13
4-13
4.4
4.4.1
ROTARY RUDDER REFERENCE SENSOR
(RRF)
Installation of RRF
4-14
4-14
4.5
LINEAR FEED BACK UNIT
4-17
4.6
4.6.1
RUDDER DRIVE UNIT
Description
4-17
4-17
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
HYDRAULIC DRIVE UNIT
Hydraulic Drive Pump Connections
Sterndrive Unit Connections
4-18
4-18
4-19
4.8
4.8.1
4.8.2
4.8.3
4.8.4
4.8.5
ROTARY DRIVE UNIT
12V/24V Rotary Drive Connections
Continuous Drive Unit Connections
Proportional Solenoid Connections
Direct Paddle Input Connection
Using a Non-B&G Speed Sensor
4-20
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-23
HB-0842
4-1
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
CONTENTS (Contd.)
ILLUSTRATIONS
Fig No
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
4.16
4.17
4.18
4.19
Page
ACP Unit Terminal and BNC Plug/Jack Details
Assembling BNC Plugs
DIP Switch Location
Network and Alarm Connections
Pilot Display Connections
Remote Compass Connections
MOB, Joystick, Hand-held Controller
Connections
Hydraulic Ram Drive Connections
Plan View - Typical System with Tiller Arm and
Quadrant
Steering System Orientation
RRF Position
Drag-Link and RRF Position
Hydraulic Drive Pump Connections
Sterndrive Unit Connections
12V/24V Rotary Drive Connections
Continuous Drive Unit Connections
Proportional Solenoid Connections
Direct Paddle Input Connection
Non-B&G Paddle Connection
4-5
4-6
4-8
4-9
4-10
4-11
4-12
4-13
4-15
4-15
4-16
4-16
4-18
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
TABLES
Table No
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Page
All Rudder Drives - Heavy Duty Power Cables
Rams and Rotary Drives - Clutch/Valve Cables
Wire Colour Coding/Abbreviations
ACP2 DIP Switch Location
Non-B&G Paddle Connection
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-7
4-24
HB-0842
4-2
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
PART 4 - INSTALLATION INFORMATION
4.1
CABLE AND CONNECTION INFORMATION
4.1.1
EMC Compliance
B&G equipment is designed to be operated in leisure craft. Every
care has been taken in the design and testing to ensure compliance
with the European EMC Directive. Provided the equipment is installed
and operated in accordance with the instructions supplied and the
units and cables are used unmodified no problems should be
encountered. Specific attention is drawn to the requirements to
maintain cable separation, where stated. To comply with these
regulations:
(a) A supply line filter is required. This may be obtained
from your installer using B&G part number: 990-00-001.
(b) BNC connectors have been supplied for each cable.
This is to ensure proper connection of cable screens.
Transmissions from poorly installed or maintained Single Sideband
equipment may adversely affect the functioning of this equipment. On
vessels fitted with SSB, it is essential that such equipment is installed
following good installation practice and as recommended by the
manufacturer.
4.1.2
General Wiring Notes
CAUTION Do not apply power to the pilot system until all units
are connected and the wiring has been checked.
Where spade connectors are supplied always use the correct
crimping tool to attach them to the cable. This is extremely important
where cables carry high currents i.e. rudder drive unit supply cables
(25 Amps).
Keep supply cables as short as possible to reduce voltage drop in the
cables.
Always fit a suitable fuse or circuit breaker in supply cables. A 25 Amp
MCB is essential for the heavy duty power cables.
Clearly identify each cable to prevent incorrect connection.
HB-0842
4-3
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
Cables that have a screening braid must have BNC plugs fitted.
All cables should be routed at least 1m/3ft from cables or
components that carry or generate high currents, e.g. alternators,
starter motors and cabling, trim-tab cables, etc.
To minimise interference avoid routing Network cables alongside high
power radio or Radar cables, allow 3m/10ft spacing, or within 1m/3ft
of engine starter motors and cables and other cables carrying heavy
current.
To prevent damage to cabling always secure in position using cable
clips or tie-wraps. Where cables pass through bulkheads always
protect the cable from chafing by fitting grommets.
Do not allow cables to rest in the bilge where prolonged immersion in
water, fuel, etc. could occur.
Always fit splash covers and lids on processors, computer units and
junctions boxes, where supplied.
4.1.3
Pilot Drive Unit Cables
Cable Length
B&G Cable
Part No.
Copper
Area
Cable Gauge
Up to 8m/26ft
135-0A-128
4.0mm²
12 AWG
Up to 12m/40ft
Not available
6.0mm²
10 AWG
Up to 20m/65ft
Not available
10.0mm²
7 AWG
Table 4.1 All Rudder Drives - Heavy Duty Power Cables
Cable Length
B&G Cable
Part No.
Copper
Area
Cable
Gauge
Up to 9m/30ft
135-0C-096
0.5mm²
22 AWG
Up to 15m/50ft
135-0B-096
0.5mm²
22 AWG
Table 4.2 Rams and Rotary Drives - Clutch/Valve Cables
HB-0842
4-4
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.1.4
ACP Unit Terminal and BNC Plug/Jack Details
Fig 4.1 ACP Unit Terminal and BNC Plug/Jack Details
Wire Colour Table
R
Red
V
Violet
BLK
Black
Y
Yellow
BL
Blue
O
Orange
BR
Brown
W
White
G
Green
Blank
Silver N/C
Table 4.3 Wire Colour Coding/Abbreviations
HB-0842
4-5
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.1.5 Assembling BNC Plugs
Fig 4.2 Assembling BNC Plugs
To assemble BNC plugs:
(1)
Slide the BNC plug nut, washer, rubber gasket and
ferrule carefully over the cable.
(2)
Remove 150mm of cable outer sheath.
(3)
Cut cable screen to a length of 7 or 12 mm.
(4)
Cut off any cable fillers, threads or plastic wrapping
material.
(5)
Fold cable screen back over ferrule.
(6)
Slide rubber gasket, washer and plug nut up to ferrule.
(7)
Carefully feed wires through plug body and then lightly
tighten the plug nut.
HB-0842
4-6
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.1.6
Clutch Voltage Selection
Note
The ACP1 Computer Unit does not have dip switches for clutch
voltage selection. The clutch output voltage is fixed at 12V and is
therefore only suitable for Size 1/12V Rams and pumps and 12V
rotary drives.
The ACP2 Computer Unit can output different clutch/solenoid
voltages depending upon the size of rudder drive unit fitted. The
clutch/solenoid valve is only required for rams or rotary drive units.
This is achieved by setting dip switches on the Computer Drive PCB.
Access to the switches is obtained by removing the 4 screws holding
the Computer PCB in the lid of the Computer Unit; carefully lift the
PCB clear.
Set the switches as per the table below. The default setting is 9V,
switch 4 ON, suitable for Size 1/12V Rams and Size 2/12V Rams.
DIP switch
Clutch voltage
Drive size/type
1
24V
24V ROTARY
2
18V
SIZE 3/24V RAM
3
12V
12V ROTARY
4
9V
SIZE 1 & 2 12V
RAMS
(to
save
power)
Table 4.4 ACP2 DIP Switch Location
HB-0842
4-7
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
Fig 4.3 DIP Switch Location
Note
When reassembling the computer unit ensure that the connector in
the top left-hand corner of the PCB mates together properly.
HB-0842
4-8
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.1.7
Network and Alarm Connections
Fig 4.4 Network and Alarm Connections
HB-0842
4-9
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.1.8
Pilot Display Connections
Junction Box
288-00-001
Connect like colours together
To other units on
the Fastnet Network.
Network Cable
135-0A-130 (10m/33ft)
Note:
The extreme ends of the Fastnet Network should be
terminated by connecting terminators between the
white and green data wires. Maximum of two per
system.
Fig 4.5 Pilot Display Connections
HB-0842
4-10
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.1.9
Remote Compass Connections
Fig 4.6 Remote Compass Connections
HB-0842
4-11
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.2
MOB, JOYSTICK, HAND-HELD CONTROLLER
4.2.1
MOB, Joystick, Hand-held Controller Connections
Fig 4.7 MOB, Joystick, Hand-held Controller Connections
HB-0842
4-12
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.3
RAM DRIVE UNIT
4.3.1
Hydraulic Ram Drive Connections
Fig 4.8 Hydraulic Ram Drive Connections
HB-0842
4-13
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.4
ROTARY RUDDER REFERENCE SENSOR (RRF)
4.4.1
Installation of RRF
A number of key points must be considered for optimum performance
of the unit:
(1) Mount the unit on a flat surface next to the tiller arm or
steering quadrant. Construct a small platform if necessary.
(2) Do not lengthen the drag-link arm as this can transmit
excessive vibration to the sensor.
(3)
The sensor operating arm can be rotated through
360º. The mid-point of the RRF wiper travel is when the arm
is opposite the cable entry point. The sensor arm should be
approximately opposite the cable entry point when the helm
is in the mid-ships position.
(4) When the rudder is moved hard-over port or hard-over
starboard, the RRF arm should travel through a minimum
angle of 90º to ensure sufficient voltage swing. Measure the
voltage difference between the blue (0V) and green (signal)
wires from the RRF; there should be at least a 1 volt change
from port to starboard.
(5) After fitting and connection of the RRF test the full
movement of the steering gear to ensure no fouling occurs
between the ram drive, steering gear and RRF.
(6) Check for backlash in the linkages. Excessive backlash
will cause errors in the operation of the autopilot.
The example opposite shows a plan view of a typical system with a
tiller arm and quadrant. When viewed in elevation, the ram drive arm
and rudder reference unit drag-link must not be more than ±9º from
horizontal. Ideally everything should be horizontally aligned, this
prevents excessive stress during operation.
HB-0842
4-14
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
Fig 4.9 Plan View - Typical System with Tiller Arm and Quadrant
The RRF can be mounted in many different positions and orientations
depending on the layout of the steering system.
Fig 4.10 Steering System Orientation
HB-0842
4-15
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
If the maximum rudder angle is less than 90º then the position of the
RRF or the drag-link must be adjusted so that the operating arm of the
RRF swings through a minimum of 90º and the output voltage
difference is greater than 1 volt from port to starboard lock. Measure
the output of the RRF between the green and blue wires.
Note
If there is less than 1 volt difference the Pilot will not commission.
1V MINIMUM
VARIATION
RRF
90° MINIMUM RRF ANGLE
Fig 4.11 RRF Position
The rudder hard-over angle should only be limited by the rudder stops
and not the RRF linkage. Check that when hard-over the RRF arm and
drag-link, do not form a straight line. If this occurs the steering system
could become damaged or jammed endangering the boat and crew.
Rectify this immediately by adjusting the position of the RRF.
Move RRF to
Correct
Drag-Link and RRF Arm must NOT
form a straight line
Fig 4.12 Drag-Link and RRF Position
HB-0842
4-16
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.5
LINEAR FEED BACK UNIT
Where installation of the conventional RRF is difficult or physically
impossible, a B&G Linear Feed Back Unit may be used. The Linear
Feed Back Unit comprises a cylindrical tube with a shaft that is directly
connected to the ram bolt. This shaft moves in direct relation to any
movement of the hydraulic ram. Any linear motion of the hydraulic ram
shaft is then interpreted by the ACP Pilot Computer.
The Linear Feed Back Unit is secured to the ram by the use of two
clamps and is wired directly to the ACP Pilot Computer Unit in place
of the conventional RRF.
4.6
RUDDER DRIVE UNIT
4.6.1
Description
A compact dc driven reversible hydraulic pump cylinder assembly for
boats without hydraulic steering systems. Three sizes of ram are
available giving a wide thrust range to suit all sizes and types of
vessel.
Size 1 and Size 2 rams combine motor, pump and hydraulic cylinder
as one unit referred to as an actuator. Size 3 rams are supplied split
into a separate motor/pump unit, reservoir and hydraulic cylinder,
connected by 1m/3ft hoses. Longer hoses are available, please
contact your dealer. The units can also be mounted on a vertical
bulkhead.
HB-0842
4-17
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.7
HYDRAULIC DRIVE UNIT
4.7.1
Hydraulic Drive Pump Connections
Fig 4.13 Hydraulic Drive Pump Connections
HB-0842
4-18
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.7.2
Sterndrive Unit Connections
Fig 4.14 Sterndrive Unit Connections
HB-0842
4-19
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.8
ROTARY DRIVE UNIT
4.8.1
12V/24V Rotary Drive Connections
Fig 4.15 12V/24V Rotary Drive Connections
HB-0842
4-20
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.8.2
Continuous Drive Unit Connections
NOT
USED
Continuous
Running Pump
Black
Brown
Blue
Relay
RAM
SOLENOID
Note:
Heavy Duty Relay
Not Supplied
Fig 4.16 Continuous Drive Unit Connections
These are general wiring instructions only, showing the wiring of the
ACP Unit to drive continuous drive pump solenoid valves. The
continuous drive pump motor will also require a heavy duty supply; this
is not supplied however. Suitable units can be obtained from your
dealer. Clutch output is used to control the motor supply.
Note
The ram solenoid must be designed to operate at the same voltage
as the pump.
HB-0842
4-21
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.8.3
Proportional Solenoid Connections
These are general wiring instructions only, showing the connection of
the ACP Computer Unit outputs to drive proportional solenoid valves.
The continuous drive pump motor will also require a heavy duty
supply, this is not shown on this diagram. The clutch output could be
used to control the motor supply, the clutch output is only active while
the rudder is being moved by the Pilot.
Fig 4.17 Proportional Solenoid Connections
HB-0842
4-22
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
4.8.4
Direct Paddle Input Connection
Fig 4.18 Direct Paddle Input Connection
4.8.5
Using a Non-B&G Speed Sensor
The speed sensor must have a speed signal output from a Hall-effect
device giving positive pulses of 12 volt maximum.
(1)
Locate the cable from the speed sensor to the
instrument input.
(2)
Cut cable (if necessary) and insert a junction box
(B&G Part No. 288-00-001). Connect like colour to like
colour.
(3)
Use a length of 2-core screened cable (B&G Part
No. 135-0B-098 9m/29.5ft) to connect the speed signal
and ground of the paddle sensor to the speed input of the
Pilot computer unit.
HB-0842
4-23
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 4 - Installation Information
(4)
Calibrate the speed input in accordance with the
instructions given in Part 3 of this manual.
Fig 4.19 Non-B&G Paddle Connection
Pilot Computer
Unit Boat Speed
Terminals [ts3]
Function
Cable
135-0B-098
GREEN
Speed Signal Input
Red Wire
RED
Not Used
Not Used
BLACK
Ground
Blue Wire
SILVER
Screen
Screen
Table 4.5 Non-B&G Paddle Connection
HB-0842
4-24
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 5 - Options
PART 5 - OPTIONS
CONTENTS
Para
Page
5.1
ADVANCED CONTROL PROCESSOR UNIT
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
5.2.8
5.2.9
RUDDER DRIVE OPTIONS
Ram Drives
Ram Drive Unit Installation
Mounting a Blue Ram on a vertical Bulkhead
Splitting the Ram Drive Unit
Hydraulic Drive Pumps
Hydraulic Drive Pump Installation
Outdrive Drive Unit Description
Rotary Drive Unit Description
Rotary Drive Sprocket Wheel Selection
5-3
5-4
5-4
5-10
5-14
5-14
5-15
5-17
5-20
5-21
5-24
ILLUSTRATIONS
Fig No
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
Page
Ram Drive Unit Dimensions - Blue Size 1 & 2
Ram Drive Unit Dimensions - Blue Size 3
Rose Joint and Ram Bolt Detail
Typical Ram Drive Unit Layout
Ram Mounted Parallel to Vessel’s Centre-line
Vertical Bulkhead Installation
Type 1 and 2 Hydraulic Pump Dimensions
Type 3 Hydraulic Pump Dimensions
Single Station System Example
Dual Station System Example
Dual System with Bypass Example
Dual Station Pressurised System Example
Outdrive Drive Unit - Dimensions
Rotary drive Unit Configurations
Rotary drive Unit Dimensions
5-7
5-8
5-9
5-11
5-12
5-13
5-16
5-16
5-18
5-18
5-19
5-19
5-21
5-22
5-23
HB-0842
5-1
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 5 - Options
CONTENTS (Contd.)
TABLES
Table No
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
Page
Ram Drive Units
Ram Drive Technical Data
Hydraulic Drive Pump Data
Outdrive Drive Unit Data
Mounting Bracket Kits
Rotary Drive Data
5-4
5-6
5-15
5-20
5-20
5-22
HB-0842
5-2
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 5 - Options
PART 5 - OPTIONS
5.1
ADVANCED CONTROL PROCESSOR UNIT
The Advanced Control Processor (ACP) Unit contains all the
electronics for the Autopilot operation and control of the rudder drive
options. It is designed to be mounted on a vertical flat, smooth
surface. The unit has a hinged lid to provide easy access to the
electrical connections within. There are two sizes of ACP unit
available dependent on drive option requirements.
The ACP1 Computer Unit is required when the rudder drive options
are:
Size 1/12V Hydraulic Ram Drive
Size 1/12V Hydraulic Pump
Stern Drive Unit
12V Rotary Drive Unit
RAM-T1-12V BLUE
PMP-T1-12V BLUE
SDU-T1-12V
RDU-T1-12V
The ACP2 Computer Unit is required when the rudder drive options
are:
Size 1/12V Hydraulic Ram Drive
Size 2/12V Hydraulic Ram Drive
Size 3/24V Hydraulic Ram Drive
Size 1/12V Hydraulic Pump
Size 2/12V Hydraulic Pump
Size 2/24V Hydraulic Pump
12V Rotary Drive Unit
24V Rotary Drive Unit
Stern Drive Unit
RAM-T1-12V BLUE
RAM-T2-12V BLUE
RAM-T3-24V BLUE
PMP-T1-12V BLUE
PMP-T2-12V BLUE
PMP-T3-24V BLUE
RDU-T1-12V
RDU-T3-24V
SDU-T1-12V
HB-0842
5-3
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 5 - Options
5.2
RUDDER DRIVE OPTIONS
5.2.1
Ram Drives
A compact DC driven reversible hydraulic pump and hydraulic cylinder
assembly for boats without hydraulic steering systems. Three sizes of
ram drive are available giving a wide thrust range to suit all sizes and
types of vessel.
Size 1 and Size 2 rams combine motor, pump and hydraulic cylinder
as one unit referred to as an actuator. Size 3 rams are supplied split
into a separate motor/pump unit, reservoir and hydraulic cylinder,
connected by 1m/3ft hoses. Longer hoses are available, please
contact your dealer. The units can also be mounted on a vertical
bulkhead.
Ram Drive
Type
ACP Unit
Motor Supply
Solenoid
Valve Supply
Peak Thrust
Peak Current
Maximum
Stroke
Full Bore
Area Annulus
Area
Tiller Arm
for 70°
Rudder
Maximum
Torque
Weight
Helm to Helm
Time
Extend
Retract
Ram Size 1
Blue
ACP1
12V DC
12V DC
1.25A (max)
425 kg force,
935 lbs-force
14A @ 12V
254 mm,
10"
1208 mmsq,
1.872"sq
1005 mmsq,
1.558"sq
Ram Size 1
Blue
ACP2
12V DC
12V DC
1.25A (max)
680 kg force,
1496 lbs-force
20A @ 12V
254 mm,
10"
1208 mmsq,
1.872"sq
1005 mmsq,
1.558"sq
Ram Size 2
Blue
ACP2 only
12V DC
12V DC
1.25A (max)
680 kg force,
1496 lbs-force
25A @ 12V
254 mm,
10"
1208 mmsq,
1.872"sq
1005 mmsq,
1.558"sq
Ram Size 3
Blue
ACP2 only
24V DC
24V DC
0.8A (max)
1062 kg force,
2342 lbs-force
17A @ 24V
305 mm,
12"
1885 mmsq,
2.921"sq
1570 mmsq,
2.434"sq
214 mm,
8.4"
214 mm,
8.4"
214 mm,
8.4"
247 mm,
10.16"
892 Nm,
7867 lb.ins
7 kg,
15lbs 6oz
1427 Nm,
12574 lb.ins
7 kg,
15lbs 6oz
1427 Nm,
12574 lb.ins
7 kg,
15lbs 6oz
2688 Nm,
23780 lb.ins
10.3 kg,
22lbs 11oz
15.7 sec
13.4 sec
(8 kg force)
15.7 sec
13.4 sec
(8 kg force)
11.9 sec
10.2 sec
(200 kg force)
14.6 sec
12.6 sec
(200 kg force)
Table 5.1 Ram Drive Units
HB-0842
5-4
B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 5 - Options
The following table may be used to determine the steering system
geometry for different maximum rudder angles and ram type. The last
three columns show the peak torque available (in Kgm), amidships
position and at maximum rudder angle, with the latter two having the
motor running at 50% duty cycle.
RAM - T1-12V
ACP1
only
Torque Torqu
Torque
e (at
at
at
midships midships max º
50%
50%
(peak
Kgm)
Kgm
Kgm)
1/2 max
Rudder
Angle
Tiller
Arm
mm
Offset
a
b
c
25
290
272
425
123
123
118
30
245
227
425
104
104
90
35
214
196
425
91
91
74
40
190
172
425
81
81
62
45
173
155
425
74
74
52
50
160
142
425
68
68
44
mm
Thrust
(peak
Kgf)
d=73.3 mm
RAM - T1-12V
ACP2
only
Torque Torqu
Torque
e (at
at
at
midships midships max º
50%
50%
(peak
Kgm)
Kgm
Kgm)
1/2 max
Rudder
Angle
Tiller
Arm
mm
Offset
a
b
c
25
290
272
680
197
197
179
30
245
227
680
167
167
144
35
214
196
680
145
145
119
40
190
172
680
129
129
99
45
173
155
680
118
118
83
50
160
142
680
109
109
70
mm
Thrust
(peak
Kgf)
d=73.3 mm
Continued
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B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 5 - Options
RAM - T2-12V
ACP2
only
Torque Torqu
Torque
e (at
at
at
midships midships max º
50%
50%
(peak
Kgm)
Kgm
Kgm)
1/2 max
Rudder
Angle
Tiller
Arm
mm
Offset
a
b
c
25
290
272
680
197
128
116
30
245
227
680
167
108
94
35
214
196
680
145
95
77
40
190
172
680
129
84
64
45
173
155
680
118
77
53
50
160
142
680
109
71
45
mm
Thrust
(peak
Kgf)
d=73.3 mm
RAM - T3-24V
ACP2
only
Torque Torqu
Torque
e (at
at
at
midships midships max º
50%
50%
(peak
Kgm)
Kgm
Kgm)
1/2 max
Rudder
Angle
Tiller
Arm
mm
Offset
a
b
c
25
350
326
1062
372
372
337
30
296
271
1062
313
313
271
35
257
233
1062
273
273
223
40
230
206
1062
244
244
187
45
210
186
1062
223
223
157
50
193
169
1062
205
205
131
mm
Thrust
(peak
Kgf)
d=751mm
Table 5.2 Ram Drive Technical Data
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Fig 5.1 Ram Drive Unit Dimensions - Blue Size 1 & 2
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Fig 5.2 Ram Drive Unit Dimensions - Blue Size 3
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Fig 5.3 Rose Joint and Ram Bolt Detail
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Part 5 - Options
5.2.2
Ram Drive Unit Installation
General consideration must be given to the steering system and its
geometry before commencement of the installation. Many factors
must be contemplated for a practical solution. The information given
here is for guidance only, although where a maximum or minimum
value is given this must be adhered to.
It is essential that the unit is only installed in a fully functional steering
system, with no backlash or stiffness when operating. Rectify any
steering problems before installation of the ram drive unit or the
autopilot will not function correctly.
KEY POINTS ON INSTALLATION
• Check that the steering gear is in good condition. Rectify any
steering defects prior to installation of the ram.
• The ram drive unit must be secured onto a flat, rigid base, it may
be necessary to construct a platform section for the mounting
plate. For angled rudder stocks an angled platform section will
have to be constructed.
• All setting up and aligning of the ram drive unit with the steering
system should be carried out with the rudder in the amidships
position and the ram arm at the centre point of its travel.
• The angle between the ram arm and the tiller arm should be as
shown in Figures 5.4 and 5.5.
• The ram arm should ideally be at right-angles to the rudder stock.
The ball-joint on the end of the ram arm will allow a MAXIMUM of
±9º of misalignment.
FOR TYPE 3 RESERVOIR INSTALLATION
Do not turn the black reservoir tap on or attempt to move the
piston rod until all of the following are completed:
• The base foot of the ram and pump have been bolted into position.
• The reservoir has been fixed to a bulkhead above the ram and the
pump.
• The reservoir has been filled with the oil supplied.
• The reservoir tap has been switched to the ON position allowing
the oil to flow between the reservoir and the pipe.
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Note
The tap ON position is in alignment with the pipe.
b = tiller arm
length
a=half max rudder angle
d
Fig 5.4 Typical Ram Drive Unit Layout
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Fig 5.5 Ram Mounted Parallel to Vessel’s Centre-line
KEY POINTS ON INSTALLATION
• Ensure that the rudder angle is limited by the rudder stops and not
the limit of travel of the ram arm. Failure to do this will damage the
unit and invalidate the warranty.
• Ensure that there is sufficient space at each end for the ram arm to
extend fully.
• Check for full movement and security of the steering gear before
applying any power to the Autopilot system.
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Part 5 - Options
b= tiller arm
5°
5°
=d
a=half max rudder angle
Fig 5.6 Vertical Bulkhead Installation
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Part 5 - Options
5.2.3
Mounting a Blue Ram on a Vertical Bulkhead
Due to the restricted movement of the ram of +14o, -10o for the size 1
and 2 and +/- 5 o for the size 3, it is important that the maximum rudder
angle is carefully measured and the positioning of the ram, tiller arm
length and offset are carefully followed as shown in Figure 5.6.
Caution
Failure to comply with these dimensions may cause premature
failure of the ram and place excessive stress on the structure
of the vessel.
The Size 1 and 2 Blue Ram may be mounted in any orientation,
without the need to fit an external reservoir. The Size 3 Ram requires
an external reservoir which must be mounted above the unit and care
must be taken to ensure that the connecting pipes are not in any way
kinked or turned through any tight bends.
5.2.4
Splitting the Ram Drive Unit
Important Note
When dealing with any hydraulic system great care must be taken to
ensure that a high degree of cleanliness is observed and no dirt,
moisture or foreign objects are allowed to enter the system. Only the
recommended fluids must be used:
Use only Q8 DYNOBEAR 10 or equivalent (10cSt at 40°C).
It is not possible to split linear actuators.
Type 1 and Type 2 units comprising separate ram/pumps, reservoirs
and hydraulic cylinders connected by hoses, are available from your
dealer. These are supplied with 1 metre hoses. Units with longer
hoses are available from your dealer. These can be supplied with
quick connect couplings and pre-filled hoses. Such units do not need
to be bled.
Type 3 units are supplied as split units, connected by 1 metre hoses.
Units with longer hoses are available from your dealer. These can be
supplied with quick connect couplings and pre-filled hoses. Such units
do not need to be bled.
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Part 5 - Options
5.2.5
Hydraulic Drive Pumps
The Reversible Hydraulic Drive Pump has a small high speed pump
driven by a 12 or 24V DC permanent magnet motor. The pump has
pilot check valves to prevent back driving and a pilot operated
reservoir valve to enable the unit to drive balanced or unbalanced
cylinders. The unit has Port and Starboard 1/4" BSP service ports and
a 1/4" BSP reservoir port. Adapters for 1/4" BSP to NTP are
available.
Hydraulic Pump PMP-T1-12V
Type
Pump Type
Reversible DC
motor
Supply Voltage 12V DC
Typical
5-17.5A
Operating
Current
Maximum
1000 psi
Pressure
Maximum Flow 750 cc/min,
Rate
46 ins 3/min
PMP-T2-12V
PMP-T3-24V
Reversible DC
motor
12V DC
5-22.5A
Reversible DC
motor
24V DC
6-17.5A
1000 psi
1000 psi
1420 cc/min,
87 in3/min
1980 cc/min,
121 in3/min
Cylinder
Capacity
100 - 300 cc,
6.1 - 18.3 in3
275 - 550 cc,
16.8 - 33.6 in3
525 - 750 cc,
32 - 46 in3
Weight
3 kg
6.6 lbs
3 kg
6.6 lbs
4 kg
8.8 lbs
Table 5.3 Hydraulic Drive Pump Data
KEY POINTS ON INSTALLATION
• A position should be chosen convenient for the steering system
hydraulic delivery lines.
• The site should be rigid and flat to prevent excess vibration.
• Shielded from the direct effects of the elements.
• Minimise the lengths of the hydraulic lines from the pump to the
cylinder and where possible the pump motor supply cables.
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Part 5 - Options
105mm
(4.13)
4 holes φ 7.0mm
(0.28)
80mm
(3.15)
240 mm
(9.45)
88.9mm
(3.5)
centres
50.8mm
(2.00)
centres
Fig 5.7 Type 1 and 2 Hydraulic Pump Dimensions
Fig 5.8 Type 3 Hydraulic Pump Dimensions
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5.2.6
Hydraulic Drive Pump Installation
Important Note
When dealing with any hydraulic system great care must be taken to
ensure that a high degree of cleanliness is observed and no dirt,
moisture or foreign objects are allowed to enter the system. Only the
recommended fluids must be used. Use Q8 DYNOBEAR or
equivalent (10cSt at 40° C).
(1)
Drain the steering system from the lowest point,
usually at a cylinder coupling.
(2)
Fit T-pieces into the port and starboard delivery
lines, couple the lines to the appropriate service ports of the
pump using flexible hydraulic hose.
(3)
Couple the reservoir port to the reservoir/balance
line from the helm units. A low pressure, transparent plastic
tube can be used. Ensure that this line rises gradually with no
down turns.
(4)
Refill the steering system as recommended by the
manufacturer, using clean hydraulic fluid.
(5)
Fill the cylinder by temporarily removing the cylinder
couplings and hoses at each end, refit the hoses securely.
(6)
Starting at the highest helm unit, fill the helm
reservoir.
(7)
Slowly turn the steering wheel two turns to port and
then to starboard, checking the level of fluid in the helm unit
reservoir at all times.
(8)
Next turn the wheel fully in one direction until a slight
pressure is felt, continuously monitor the reservoir level.
(9)
Repeat in the opposite direction and continue in this
manner until topping up is no longer necessary.
(10)
When satisfied that the steering is fully bled
manually, apply power to the pump unit.
(11)
Turning the wheel fully from lock to lock will cause
the pump to self purge.
(12)
Check the fluid level in the helm unit reservoir.
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Part 5 - Options
(13)
When the system appears to be fully functional, with
the pump running and the helm hard over check for leaks.
(14)
Secure all hoses and cables to prevent damage.
Fig 5.9 Single Station System Example
Fig 5.10 Dual Station System Example
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Fig 5.11 Dual Station System with Bypass Example
Fig 5.12 Dual Station Pressurised System Example
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Part 5 - Options
5.2.7
Outdrive Drive Unit Description
A compact reversible 12V DC hydraulic pump/reservoir unit with
actuating cylinder for autopilot control of outdrive power-assisted
hydraulic steering systems. Mounting brackets for attaching the
cylinder to the power steer unit depends upon engine type and are
listed below. Other brackets available on request. Mechanical
installation instructions are supplied with the brackets.
Pump Type
Reversible DC Motor
Supply
12V DC
Weight
2.7kg
Table 5.4 Outdrive Drive Unit Data
Engine
Bracket Number
Volvo Standard
345-30-280
Volvo ADQ40
345-30-281
Volvo KAD42
345-30-285
Mercruiser
345-30-282
OMC
345-30-283
Yamaha
345-30-284
Table 5.5 Mounting Bracket Kits
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Part 5 - Options
Fig 5.13 Outdrive Drive Unit - Dimensions
5.2.8
Rotary Drive Unit Description
A compact reversible 12V or 24V DC motor and gearbox, with an
electrically operated clutch acting on the output shaft for autopilot
control of mechanical steering systems. Connection to the steering
system is most commonly via sprocket gears and chain. These to be
supplied by the installer. As a guide, the following should be
considered for the drive sprocket:
UK/Euro
USA
13 tooth 3/8" pitch (steel)
10-20 tooth (steel) for Type 40 or 41 chain
The recommended target hard-over to hard-over time should be
10 to 12 seconds.
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Part 5 - Options
Supply Voltage
12V or 24V Options
Peak Output Torque Type 1 15 Nm/132lb ins
Peak Output Torque Type 2 45 Nm/398lb ins
Maximum Shaft Speed
Typical Power
Clutch Supply
Mounting Foot
Weight
20 rpm
3 to 7 amps
12V or 24V, 1 amp max
variable in 45° steps
8Kg/17.64lbs
Table 5.6 Rotary Drive Data
Fig 5.14 Rotary Drive Unit Configurations
The Rotary Drive Unit has a mounting foot that can be rotated in 45°
steps to allow for most installation requirements.
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Fig 5.15 Rotary Drive Unit Dimensions
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Part 5 - Options
5.2.9
Rotary Drive Sprocket Wheel Selection
The number of teeth on the drive sprocket wheel must be chosen to
match each installation. The following guide may be used to select an
appropriate sprocket. The aim is to achieve a hard-over to hard-over
time of 10 to 12 seconds.
Note
The rotary drive has a speed of 20 RPM or 1 revolution per 3
seconds or 3.7 revolutions in 11 seconds.
•
Turn the wheel from hard-over port to hard-over starboard and
count the number of turns of the driven sprocket.
number of turns = N e.g. N = 3.1
•
Divide 3.7 by N to give the required reduction ratio.
ratio = 3.7/N
•
e.g. ratio = 1.19
Count the number of teeth on the driven sprocket and divide by the
ratio to give the required number of teeth on the driver sprocket.
driver teeth = driven teeth/ratio
e.g. if driven teeth = 25
driver teeth = 25/1.19 = 20.9
•
Select a sprocket with the number of teeth closest to calculated
value.
e.g. select driver sprocket with 20 teeth
•
Check hard-over time using formula:
Hard-over time = Number of turns of driven sprocket
x 3 x (driven teeth/driver teeth)
e.g. hard-over time = 3.1 x 3 x (25/20)= 11.6
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The calculated value for the hard-over time using a driven sprocket
with 25 teeth and a driver sprocket with 20 teeth would be suitable for
this boats steering system.
Note
For larger boats a longer hard-over time of up to 15 seconds may be
more appropriate, in this case choose a driver sprocket with fewer
teeth.
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
PART 6 - DIAGNOSTIC DATA
CONTENTS
Para
Page
6.1
6.1.1
DIAGNOSTIC DATA INTRODUCTION
Error Messages
6-2
6-2
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.2.8
6.2.9
6.2.10
FAULT DIAGNOSIS
Fault 100 - Uncommissioned
Fault 101 - Remote Compass
Fault 102 - Rudder Reference
Fault 103 - Rudder Drive
Fault 104 - No Boat Speed
Fault 105 - External Compass
Fault 106 - No NMEA Data
Fault 108 - Bad NMEA Data
Fault 109 - No Wind Data
Fault 110 - No Optimum Wind
(Hercules Pilot Only)
Fault 111 - Current Trip
Fault 112 - Network
Pilot Display Shows "No Pilot"
6-4
6-4
6-5
6-5
6-6
6-8
6-8
6-8
6-9
6-9
6-9
6-10
6-10
6-11
PILOT DOES NOT STEER IN A
STRAIGHT LINE
6-11
6.2.11
6.2.12
6.2.13
6.3
ILLUSTRATIONS
Fig No
6.1
Page
Pilot Display Fault Indication
6-2
TABLES
Table No
6.1
Page
Error Messages
6-2
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
PART 6 - DIAGNOSTIC DATA
6.1
DIAGNOSTIC DATA INTRODUCTION
The Pilot Control Unit is continually monitoring the Pilot and
Hydra/Hercules System for correct operation. If an error is detected
the Pilot Display will show an error message. The Hand-held
Controller status light emitting diode (LED) will flash the error pattern
and the system audible alarm will sound. To silence the alarm press
the key adjacent to the FAULT legend twice on any Pilot Display.
Fig 6.1 Pilot Display Fault Indication
6.1.1
Error Messages
Fault
FAULT 100
FAULT 101
Cause
Fault Description
Pilot
Uncommissioned
Remote Compass
FAULT 102
Rudder Reference
Unit Fault
FAULT 103
Rudder Drive
Rudder not commissioned or
memory corrupted.
The signal from the Pilot
compass is too big or too small.
The signal from the rudder
reference unit is outside the
limits set during commissioning.
The Pilot attempted to move the
rudder but did not sense any
change in rudder position.
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
Fault
Cause
Fault Description
FAULT 104
No Boat Speed
FAULT 105
External Compass
FAULT 106
No NMEA Data
FAULT 108
Bad NMEA Data
FAULT 109
No Wind Data
FAULT 110
No Optimum Wind
(Hercules Pilot Only)
FAULT 111
Current Trip
FAULT 112
Network Fault
NO PILOT
Pilot Display Unit
The boat is stationary or the
speed sensor has stopped
transmitting data.
Compass data from Super
Halcyon 3 via Instrument
System network has stopped.
XTE data from position fixer via
Instrument System network has
stopped.
The value of XTE data being
received has suddenly changed
by more than 0.3 nautical miles.
There is no valid wind data
being received via the
Instrument System network, or
the wind speed is less than 1kt.
There is no optimum wind angle
data being received via the
Instrument System network.
The current limit circuit for the
drive motor (25 amps) or the
clutch (2 amps) has tripped.
No regular messages being
received by pilot control from
pilot display via instrument
system network, i.e. either the
display is not transmitting or the
Pilot computer is not receiving.
No regular messages being
received by pilot display from
pilot control via instrument
system network, i.e. either the
display is not receiving or the
Pilot computer is not
transmitting.
Table 6.1 Error Messages
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
6.2
FAULT DIAGNOSIS
6.2.1
FAULT 100 - UNCOMMISSIONED
FAULT DESCRIPTION
Rudder not commissioned or memory has been corrupted.
Remedy
(1) Has rudder ever been successfully commissioned?
Yes - go to 4.
No - go to 2.
(2) Set rudder end and mid positions, move helm, does
rudder indicator work?
Yes - go to 4.
No - go to 3.
(3) Rudder indicator will not work until mid and end positions
have been entered. The difference in the signal from the
rudder reference unit at the Port end stop and the Starboard
end stop must be at least 1.0 volts. Check rudder reference
installation and then repeat 2.
(4) If
rudder
has
previously
been
successfully
commissioned then fault is due to memory corruption. This
may be due to:
- Change of software version.
- Memory backup battery failure.
- Severe interference, e.g. lightning.
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
6.2.2
Fault 101 - Remote Compass
Fault Description
The signal from the Pilot compass is too big or too small.
Remedy
(1) Check for magnetic interference near compass position.
(2) Suspect a fault with compass electronics or fluxgate
element. Note, the electronics and the fluxgate sensor are
matched together, if either is replaced, the Pilot
commissioning must be reset as follows:
- Make a note of all commissioning values.
- Without moving the helm, enter the Port and
Starboard end stop positions.
- Switch the 12V power off and then on.
- Re-commission Pilot in the normal way using
previously noted values.
- The software will now automatically match the fluxgate
sensor to the electronics.
6.2.3
Fault 102 - Rudder Reference
FAULT DESCRIPTION
The signal from the rudder reference unit is outside the limits
set during commissioning.
REMEDY
(1) Check installation of rudder reference unit for slack or
loose fittings.
(2) Check the signal from the rudder reference with a volt
meter at the Pilot computer. The voltage supply to the rudder
reference should be 4.5 to 5.0 volts. With someone moving
the helm, the signal should change smoothly. If the signal is
incorrect, suspect a faulty rudder reference unit. Note the
difference between the signal voltages measured at the two
end stops must be at least 1.0 volt.
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(3) Set display (Hydra or Hercules) to show digital rudder
angle in degrees. Move helm to Port and Starboard end
stops, check that the indicated rudder angle is 40 degrees
(+/-2). If not, check the rudder reference installation to
determine and rectify the reason for the end stop position
changing and then re-enter the set end stop commissioning
values.
(4) Move helm slowly from end stop to end stop. Check that
indicated rudder angle counts from 40 deg. one side to 40
deg. the other side without "missing" a count.
(5) If the fault is always at the same rudder angle, suspect a
faulty rudder reference unit.
(6) If the fault is at different rudder angles suspect a fault in
the wiring, the connections to the Pilot computer, or the Pilot
computer electronics.
6.2.4
Fault 103 - Rudder Drive
FAULT DESCRIPTION
The Pilot attempted to move the rudder, but did not sense
any change in rudder position
or
When the Pilot attempted to move the rudder, it moved in the
wrong direction.
REMEDY
(1) Is the heavy duty power supply circuit breaker for the
autopilot drive switched on?
(2) Check installation, look for any slack or loose fixings in
the drive system or the rudder reference as the helm is
moved.
(3) Move the helm. Does the rudder indicator work, if not,
check installation of rudder reference unit as detailed above.
(4) Select "Power Steer" mode. If drive system includes a
clutch or solenoid valve, engage the pilot and check the
operation of the clutch or solenoid valve. It should not be
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
possible to move the helm with the Pilot engaged. If clutch
fails to operate:
- Disconnect clutch from Pilot electronics and test
operation when connected directly to power supply.
- Check correct Ampere rating is applied:
All pilots - selected voltage at up to 2 Amps.
(5) With Pilot engaged in "Power Steer" mode, use 10 deg.
and 1 deg, Port and Starboard keys to move rudder. If the
motor fails to run:
- Disconnect motor from Pilot electronics and test
operation when connected directly to power supply.
- Check correct Ampere rating is applied:
ACP1 pilots - 12V up to 12 Amps.
ACP2 pilots - 12V or 24V at up to 25 Amps.
(6) If the fault occurs intermittently or under heavy loads,
use power steer mode to move rudder while restricting
movement by holding wheel. A fault occurring under these
conditions could be due to:
- Excessive motor current.
- Too much slack or backlash in drive or fixing to tiller,
possibly due to air in Hydraulic system.
- Software allows 3 speed control of drive motor for
smoother rudder movement. Later issues of software
increase speed of drive motor if the drive motor stalls at
slower speeds.
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
6.2.5
Fault 104 - No Boat Speed
FAULT DESCRIPTION
The boat is stationary or the speed sensor is not working.
REMEDY
(1) If boat speed for pilot comes from instrument system,
check speed shown on instrument system display.
(2) If boat speed connected directly to pilot, check
connections.
(3) Check boat speed sensor for correct operation.
(4) Change the speed set-up from B.SPD sensor to S.O.G.
or F.SPD if the paddle wheel sensor is inoperative.
6.2.6
Fault 105 - External Compass
FAULT DESCRIPTION
Compass data from Halcyon 2000 compass via instrument
system network has stopped.
Remedy
(1) Check heading display on instrument system.
(2) Check connections to instrument system.
6.2.7
Fault 106 - No NMEA Data
FAULT DESCRIPTION
XTE data from position fixer via instrument system network
has stopped.
REMEDY
(1) Check XTE display on instrument system.
(2) Check connections to instrument system.
(3) Check operation of Position Fixer. Has NMEA output
been selected and enabled? Has autopilot output been
enabled? Refer to the Position Fixer Manual.
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
6.2.8
Fault 108 - Bad NMEA Data
FAULT DESCRIPTION
The value of XTE data being received has suddenly
changed by more than 0.3 nautical miles.
REMEDY
(1) Check XTE on display for stability.
(2) Check operation of Position Fixer, especially signal and
noise levels. Refer to Position Fixer Operation Manual.
6.2.9
Fault 109 - No Wind Data
FAULT DESCRIPTION
There is no valid wind data being received via the instrument
system network, or the wind speed is less than 1 Knot.
REMEDY
(1) Check Wind display on instrument system.
(2) Check connections to instrument system.
6.2.10
Fault 110 - No Optimum Wind (Hercules Pilot Only)
FAULT DESCRIPTION
There is no optimum wind angle data being received via the
Hercules network.
REMEDY
(1) Check optimum wind angle display on instrument
system.
(2) Check operation of other Hercules 2000 Performance
unit functions.
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B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
6.2.11
Fault 111 - Current Trip
FAULT DESCRIPTION
The current limit circuit for the drive motor (25 Amps) or the
clutch (2 Amps) has tripped.
REMEDY
(1) Check installation and wiring for short circuits.
(2) Check current to clutch, maximum available 2 Amps.
(3) Check current to drive motor, maximum available 25
Amps.
6.2.12
Fault 112 - Network
FAULT DESCRIPTION
No regular messages being received by pilot control from
pilot display via instrument system network, i.e. either the
display is not transmitting or the Pilot computer is not
receiving.
REMEDY
(1) If it is a new system that has never worked, check
software of display:
- Hydra Pilot display, version 3A or later.
(2) If other displays show Pilot data, check installation and
operation of Pilot display.
(3) If Pilot responds to commands from other displays then
Pilot computer is operating correctly.
(4) Check installation of network cable.
HB-0842
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B&G Hydra & Hercules User Manual
Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
6.2.13
Pilot Display Shows "No Pilot"
FAULT DESCRIPTION
No regular messages being received by pilot display from
pilot control via instrument system network, i.e. either the
display is not receiving or the Pilot computer is not
transmitting.
REMEDY
(1) If other displays show Pilot data, check installation of
Pilot display or suspect faulty Pilot display.
(2) If no Pilot data on any display, check installation of Pilot
computer or suspect faulty Pilot computer.
(3) Check installation of network cable.
6.3
PILOT DOES NOT STEER IN A STRAIGHT LINE
FAULT DESCRIPTION
The Pilot seems unable to steer straight, it continually
overcorrects course errors; the wake has an "S" like
appearance as the boat first steers several degrees off
course to Port followed by several degrees off course to
Starboard.
REMEDY
(1) Drive unit. Check for any slack or backlash in the drive
system, see earlier section.
(2) Rudder reference. Check for any slack or backlash in
the assembly and associated linkages, see earlier section.
(3) Boat Speed. Check that the boat speed is operating
correctly.
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Part 6 - Diagnostic Data
(4) Settings. Read the commissioning manual carefully and
check that the settings are appropriate for the type of boat.
(5) Rudder gain. Make large course changes using the pilot,
if the gain value is correct the rate of turn should be between
6 and 8 degrees per second. Adjust if necessary.
(6) Boat lag. A boat lag value which is too small for the boat
can cause instability, try increasing the value.
HB-0842
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