Dell Precision Workstation T7600 Specifications

WORKSTATION HEAT, SOUND, AND POWER USAGE:
LENOVO THINKSTATION D30 VS. DELL PRECISION T7600
When selecting a workstation, it’s important to consider how it will
contribute to a reliable and comfortable work environment for the user and
how much electricity it will require. Workstations vary considerably in the
amount of heat and noise they generate and in the amount of power they
consume. A system with a cooler operating temperature helps you two ways: its
components are less likely to fail and it requires less air conditioning to keep the
office at a comfortable temperature. A quieter system provides a more pleasant
user experience and a more power-efficient system lowers your electric bill by
using less electricity and running cooler, which reduces the amount of cooling
required.
In our labs, Principled Technologies (PT) tested the Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 and the Dell™ Precision™ T7600 workstation. We found that the Lenovo
workstation was less power-hungry than the Dell workstation while idle and ran
more quietly and cooler while idle and while under load. These findings show
that the Lenovo ThinkStation D30 could contribute to a reliable user experience
and a comfortable office environment and save on electricity costs.
MARCH 2013
A PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES TEST REPORT
Commissioned by Lenovo
WHICH WORKSTATION DELIVERS RELIABILITY, POWEREFFICIENCY, AND A PLEASANT WORK ENVIRONMENT?
A workstation that generates more heat and noise and uses more
power than necessary can be more prone to system failure, can be distracting
and uncomfortable for workers , and can boost electricity bills—both because of
the power the system itself draws and the power that additional air
conditioning uses. To determine how two workstations compared on these
fronts, we measured the heat, noise, and power consumption of the Lenovo
ThinkStation D30 and the Dell Precision T7600.
We performed the tests while the two systems were idle and again
while they were running a heavy workload that consisted of two benchmarks
stressing each system’s hard disk, processor, and memory.
Figure 1 presents highlights of our test results.
Lenovo ThinkStation
D30
Heat (degrees Celsius above room temperature)
Idle
Average of two rear system
4.1
fan exhausts
Average of five surface
3.4
locations
Under load
Average of two rear system
9.9
fan exhausts
Average of five surface
6.9
locations
Power usage (watts)
Idle
78.2
Under load
146.7
Acoustics (decibels)
Idle
25.1
Under load
28.0
Dell Precision T7600
Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 was…
5.4
24% cooler
5.0
32% cooler
14.2
30% cooler
9.7
29% cooler
87.7
145.4
Used 11% less power
Used 1% more power
27.7
28.4
20% quieter
3% quieter
Figure 1: Test results summary. Lower numbers are better.
For detailed specifications of our test systems, see Appendix A. For
details of our testing, see Appendix B.
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 2
COOL UNDER PRESSURE
The operating temperatures of computers vary considerably. While one
advantage of a cooler workstation is obvious—no one wants a hot office—
workstations running at cooler temperatures also bring other benefits.
It is well known within the IT industry that operating temperatures
degrade hardware reliability. Excess heat can cause hard drives, CPUs, memory,
and other components to fail. For example, overheating can expand hard drive
platters, causing hard drive failure. At the very least, excess heat can reduce the
drive’s effective operating life. According to a recent Fujitsu white paper, hard
disk manufacturers now suggest cooler operating temperatures for drive
enclosures.1 Because many users fail to back up their data on a regular basis,
adequate ventilation and cooling in a workstation goes a long way to avoiding
problems such as catastrophic data loss due to hard drive failure.
Many workers are not fortunate enough to have control over the
climate in their offices. Not only do workstations with higher operating
temperatures place extra wear on hardware, but they can make an already
warm office even more uncomfortable.
With system reliability and user comfort in mind, we measured the
temperature of several key spots on the two workstations while they were idle
and while they were running a heavy workload. Given that most workstations
run 24 hours a day, we believe the most appropriate measure of thermal
performance is the temperature of the air exiting the rear exhaust when the
workstation is idle.
For each of the locations, we measured the temperature three times
and noted the number of degrees Celsius each measurement deviated from the
ambient room temperature. Because the ambient temperature varied
throughout our testing, the temperature difference between the ambient
temperature and the surface temperature we recorded for each system makes
the fairest comparison.
1
http://www.fujitsu.com/downloads/COMP/fcpa/hdd/sata-mobile-ext-duty_wp.pdf
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 3
QUIETER IS BETTER
Any user, given a choice, would prefer a quiet system to a noisy one. As
Figure 2 shows, the Lenovo ThinkStation D30 was quieter than the Dell
workstation. We calculated the difference in perceived volume with the two
workstations using the following formula2 for sound level change:
The change in sound level (L) is related to the ratio for loudness (or
volume) by using the calculated L as follows:
For example, if the level change (L) is 0.2dB, the ratio for loudness is
1.014x, or 1.4 percent louder.
Using this approach, we determined that the Lenovo ThinkStation D30
was up to 19.7 percent quieter than the other workstation when the systems
were idle and up to 2.8 percent quieter when they were under load.
Acoustics (lower is better)
30
27.7
28.0
28.4
25.1
Decibels
25
Figure 2: The Lenovo
ThinkStation D30
was quieter than the
Dell workstation
both when idle and
when under load.
Lenovo
ThinkStation
D30
Dell Precision
T7600
20
15
10
5
0
Idle
2
Under load
http://www.sengpielaudio.com/calculator-levelchange.htm
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 4
LESS POWER USED IS BETTER
A workstation that uses less power saves you money when the electric
bill comes. As Figure 3 shows, when the two systems were idle, the Lenovo
ThinkStation D30 used 10.8 percent less power than the Dell workstation. When
the systems were under load, the Lenovo ThinkStation D30 used a comparable
amount of power as the Dell workstation (0.9 percent more). We used an
Extech® Power Analyzer to measure power consumption.
Power usage (lower is better)
160
146.7
145.4
140
Lenovo
ThinkStation
D30
120
Watts
Figure 3: When idle,
the Lenovo
ThinkStation D30
used 10.8 percent
less power than the
Dell workstation.
100
80
87.7
78.2
Dell Precision
T7600
60
40
20
0
Idle
Under load
IN CONCLUSION
A workstation that runs quietly and cooly and uses less power is a great
boon to workers and the companies they work for. In our tests, both when idle
and when under load, the Lenovo ThinkStation D30 generally ran at lower
surface temperatures than the Dell Precision T7600 and ran more quietly. The
Lenovo ThinkStation D30 also used less power when idle. These findings show
that the Lenovo ThinkStation D30 could meet the needs of those who want to
provide a reliable, comfortable work environment while using less power.
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 5
APPENDIX A: DETAILED SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
Figure 4 presents detailed configuration information for the two systems we tested.
System
General
Number of processor packages
Number of cores per processor
Number of hardware threads
per core
Total number of processor
threads in system
System power management
policy
Processor power-saving option
CPU
Vendor
Name
Model number
Stepping
Socket type
Core frequency (GHz)
Bus Speed
L1 cache
L2 cache
L3 cache
Platform
Vendor
Motherboard model number
Motherboard chipset
BIOS name and version
Memory module(s)
Vendor and model number
Type
Speed (MHz)
Speed running in the system
(MHz)
Timing/Latency (tCL-tRCD-tRPtRASmin)
Size (MB)
Number of memory module(s)
Total amount of system RAM
(GB)
Lenovo ThinkStation D30
Dell Precision T7600
2
4
2
4
1
1
8
8
ThinkCentre Default
Dell
EIST
EIST
Intel®
Xeon®
E5-2609
C2
Socket 2011 LGA
2.40
Intel QPI 6.4 GT/s
32 KB + 32 KB (per core)
1 MB (256 KB per core)
10 MB (shared)
Intel
Xeon
E5-2609
C2
Socket 2011 LGA
2.40
Intel QPI 6.4 GT/s
32 KB + 32 KB (per core)
1 MB (256 KB per core)
10 MB (shared)
Lenovo
Lenovo
Intel C600
Lenovo A1KT43AUS (12/04/2012)
Dell
0VHRW1
Intel C600
Dell Inc. A05 (11/08/2012)
Micron® MT9JSF25672PZ1G4D1BB
PC3-10600
1,333
Hynix™ HMT325R7CFR8A-H9
PC3-10600
1,333
1,066
1,333
7-7-7-20
7-7-7-20
2,048
2
2,048
4
4
8
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 6
System
Chip organization (singlesided/double-sided)
Channel (single/dual)
Hard disk
Vendor and model number
Number of disks in system
Size (GB)
Buffer size (MB)
RPM
Type
Controller
Driver
Operating system
Name
Build number
Service Pack
File system
Kernel
Language
Microsoft DirectX version
Graphics
Vendor and model number
Type
Chipset
BIOS version
Total available graphics
memory (MB)
Dedicated video memory (MB)
System video memory (MB)
Shared system memory (MB)
Resolution
Driver
Sound card/subsystem
Vendor and model number
Driver
Ethernet #1
Vendor and model number
Driver
Lenovo ThinkStation D30
Dell Precision T7600
Double-sided
Double-sided
Single
Quad
Seagate® ST3500413AS
1
500
16
7,200
SATA 6Gb/s
Intel C600 Chipset Family SATA
AHCI
Intel 3.2.0.1126 (06/20/2012)
Seagate ST500DM002
1
500
16
7,200
SATA 6Gb/s
Intel C600 Chipset SAS RAID
Controller
Intel 3.1.0.1082 (03/31/2012)
Microsoft® Windows® 7
Professional x64
7601
1
NTFS
ACPI x64-based PC
English
11
Microsoft Windows 7
Professional x64
7601
1
NTFS
ACPI x64-based PC
English
11
NVIDIA® Quadro® 600
Discrete
Quadro 600
70.8.27.0.2
NVIDIA Quadro 600
Discrete
Quadro 600
70.8.c1.0.2
2,791
4,842
1,024
0
1,767
1,280 x 1,024 (32-bit)
1,024
0
3,818
1,280 x 1,024 (32-bit)
NVIDIA 9.18.13.1090
(12/29/2012)
NVIDIA 8.17.12.7642 (12/10/2011)
Realtek™ High Definition Audio
Realtek 6.0.1.6662 (06/19/2012)
NVIDIA High Definition Audio
NVIDIA 1.3.18.0 (07/03/2012)
Intel 82579LM Gigabit
Intel 12.2.45.0 (08/10/2012)
Intel 82579LM Gigabit
Intel 11.15.12.0 (11/30/2011)
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 7
System
Ethernet #2
Vendor and model number
Intel 82574L Gigabit
Driver
Intel 11.17.27.0 (06/18/2012)
Optical drive(s)
Vendor and model number
Type
USB ports
Number
Type
Other
IEEE 1394 ports
Number
Monitor
Type
Screen size (inches)
Refresh rate (Hz)
Lenovo ThinkStation D30
Dell Precision T7600
Intel 82574L Gigabit
Microsoft 11.0.5.22
(04/06/2009)
TSSTcorp® SH-216AB DVD-RW
DVD-ROM
TSSTcorp SN-208BB DVD+-RW
DVD+-RW
12
2 x USB 3.0, 10 x USB 2.0
25-in-1 media card reader,
DisplayPort
11
2 x USB 3.0, 9 x USB 2.0
0
0
ViewSonic® VG730m
17
60
ViewSonic VG730m
17
60
DisplayPort
Figure 4: System configuration information.
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 8
APPENDIX B: DETAILED TEST METHODOLOGY
Measuring surface temperature
Test requirements



Fluke® 2680A Data Acquisition System
PassMark® BurnInTest Professional
Linpack benchmark
Measuring system temperature and power while idle
Setting up the test
1. Set the power plan to the manufacturer’s default setting. Set the display brightness to 100 percent:
a. Click Start.
b. In the Start menu’s quick search field, type Power Options
c. Move the Screen brightness slider all the way to the right.
2. Set the remaining power plan settings as follows:
 Dim the display: Never
 Turn off the display: Never
 Put the computer to sleep: Never
3. Disable the screen saver.
4. Place the workstation, mouse, keyboard, and display in a windowless, climate-controlled room.
5. Attach a Type T thermocouple to the exterior of the workstation at the following locations:
 Front center
 Top
 Side opposite the motherboard
 Side closest to the motherboard
 Back in center of power supply exhaust
6. Configure the Fluke 2680A Data Acquisition System to take measurements from the temperature
probes and one ambient temperature probe using the Fluke DAQ software.
a. Connect the Type T thermocouples to channels in the Fluke Fast Analog Input module (FAI).
b. In the Fluke DAQ software, click each surface temperature channel, select Thermocouple from
the list of Functions, and choose T from the list of ranges.
c. Label each channel with the location associated with each thermocouple.
d. In the Fluke DAQ software, click the ambient temperature channel, select Thermocouple from
the list of Functions, and choose T from the list of ranges.
e. Label this channel Ambient.
7. While running each test, use a Fluke 2680A Data Acquisition System to monitor ambient and
temperature at each interior and exterior point.
8. Connect the power cord from the workstation to the Extech Instruments 380803 Power Analyzer’s
DC output load power outlet.
9. Plug the power cord from the Power Analyzer’s DC input voltage connection into a power outlet.
10. Connect a separate host computer to the Power Analyzer using an RS-232 cable. This computer will
monitor and collect the power measurement data.
11. Turn on the Extech Power Analyzer by pressing the green On/Off button.
12. Turn on the host computer.
13. Insert the Extech software installation CD into the host computer, and install the software.
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 9
14. Once installed, launch the Extech Power Analyzer software, and configure the correct COM port.
Running the test
1. Boot the system and bring up an elevated command prompt:
a. Select Windows Start orb.
b. Type cmd and press Control-Shift-Enter.
2. Type Cmd.exe /c start /wait Rundll32.exe
advapi32.dll,ProcessIdleTasks
Do not interact with the system until the command completes.
3. After the command completes, wait 15 minutes before running the test.
4. Start the Fluke 2680A data logger using the Fluke DAQ software, and begin recording power with the
Extech Power Analyzer.
5. Allow the workstation to sit idle for 1 hour.
6. After 1 hour, stop the Fluke 2680A data logger using the Fluke DAQ software, and the Power
Analyzer data logger.
7. Export the thermal measurements to a CSV file. The Power Analyzer creates a CSV file as it collects
that data.
8. Use the thermal measurement CSV file to find and report the highest temperature measured at each
location during the test.
9. Use the Power Analyzer CSV to calculate the average power draw in watts during the test.
10. Power the workstation off for 1 hour, and allow it to return to room temperature.
11. Repeat steps 1 through 10 two more times.
Measuring system temperature and power while under load
Setting up the test
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Download PassMark BurnInTest Professional 7.0 from http://www.passmark.com/products/bit.htm.
Double-click bitpro_x64.exe to run setup.
At the Welcome screen, click Next.
Accept the license agreement, and click Next.
At the Choose Install Location screen, accept the default location of C:\Program Files\BurnInTest,
and click Next.
At the Select Start Menu Folder screen, click Next.
At the Ready to Install screen, click Install.
At the Completing the BurnInTest Setup Wizard screen, deselect View Readme.txt, and click Finish to
launch BurnInTest.
At the Purchasing information screen, copy and paste the Username and key, and click Continue.
At the Key accepted screen, click OK.
Select Test selection and duty cycles from the Configuration menu item.
Select CPU, 2D Graphics, 3D Graphics, RAM, and Disk(s), and deselect all other subsystems.
Set load to 100, and click OK.
Select Test Preferences from the Configuration menu item and set or verify the following by clicking
on each tab:
 Disk: select C: drive
 Logging: select Turn automatic logging on
 2D Graphics: select All available Video Memory
 3D Graphics: use defaults
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 10
 CPU: use defaults
15. Unpack the Linpack benchmark and adjust the number of instances, problem size, and leading
dimension size so that the CPU is at 100% utilization, and the memory is as close to 100% utilization
as possible. We used a batch file to run the number of instances we determined for each
workstation.
Running the test
1. Boot the system and launch PassMark BurnInTest by double-clicking the desktop icon.
2. Bring up an elevated command prompt:
a. Select Windows Start orb.
b. Type cmd and press Control-Shift-Enter.
3. Type Cmd.exe /c start /wait Rundll32.exe
advapi32.dll,ProcessIdleTasks
Do not interact with the system until the command completes.
4. After the command completes, wait 15 minutes before running the test.
5. Click Start Selected Tests in the BurnInTest V7.0 Pro screen, and double-click the Linpack benchmark
batch file.
6. Start the Fluke 2680A data logger using the Fluke DAQ software, and begin recording power with the
Extech Power Analyzer.
7. After 1 hour, stop the Fluke 2680A data logger using the Fluke DAQ software, and the Power
Analyzer data logger.
8. Export the thermal measurements to a CSV file. The Power Analyzer creates a CSV file as it collects
that data.
9. Use the thermal measurement CSV file to find and report the highest temperature measured at each
location during the test.
10. Use the Power Analyzer CSV to calculate the average power draw in watts during the test.
11. Power the workstation off for 1 hour, and allow it to return to room temperature.
12. Repeat the steps 1 through 11 two more times.
Measuring acoustics
Test requirements


Extech SDL600 Sound Level Meter/Datalogger with SD card
PassMark BurnInTest Professional
Measuring acoustics of the workstation while idle
Setting up the test
1. Place the workstation, mouse, keyboard, and display in a windowless, sound-proofed professional
sound booth.
2. Set the Extech SDL600 on a tripod so that it is 3 feet in front of, and 2 feet above the workstation.
Running the test
1. Boot the system and bring up an elevated command prompt:
a. Select Windows Start orb.
b. Type cmd and press Control-Shift-Enter.
2. Type Cmd.exe /c start /wait Rundll32.exe
advapi32.dll,ProcessIdleTasks
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 11
Do not interact with the system until the command completes.
3. After the command completes, wait 5 minutes before running the test.
4. Start the Extech SDL600 Sound Level Meter/Datalogger and allow the workstation to sit idle for 1
hour.
5. After 1 hour, stop the Extech SDL600.
6. Power the workstation off for 10 minutes.
7. Copy the log file from the Extech SDL600 SD card.
8. Repeat steps 1 through 7 two more times.
Measuring acoustics of the workstation while under load
Setting up the test
Ensure that PassMark BurnInTest Professional 7.0 and the Linpack benchmark are set up on your
system.
Running the test
1. Boot the system and launch PassMark BurnInTest by double-clicking the desktop icon.
2. Bring up an elevated command prompt:
 Select Windows Start orb.
 Type cmd and press Control-Shift-Enter.
3. Type Cmd.exe /c start /wait Rundll32.exe
advapi32.dll,ProcessIdleTasks
Do not interact with the system until the command completes.
4. After the command completes, wait 15 minutes before running the test.
5. Click Start Selected Tests in the BurnInTest V7.0 Pro screen, double-click the Linpack benchmark
batch file, and start the Extech SDL600 Sound Level Meter/Datalogger.
6. After 1 hour, stop the Extech SDL600.
7. Power the workstation off for 10 minutes.
8. Copy the log file from the Extech SDL600 SD card.
9. Repeat steps 1 through 8 two more times.
Measuring power consumption
To record each workstation’s power consumption during each test, we used an Extech
Instruments (www.extech.com) 380803 Power Analyzer/Datalogger. We connected the power cord
from the server under test to the Power Analyzer’s output load power outlet. We then plugged the
power cord from the Power Analyzer’s input voltage connection into a power outlet.
We used the Power Analyzer’s Data Acquisition Software (version 2.11) to capture all
recordings. We installed the software on a separate Intel processor-based PC, which we connected to
the Power Analyzer via an RS-232 cable. We captured power consumption at one-second intervals.
We then recorded the power usage (in watts) for each system during the testing at 1-second
intervals. To compute the average power usage, we averaged the power usage during the time the
system was producing its peak performance results.
Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 12
ABOUT PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES
Principled Technologies, Inc.
1007 Slater Road, Suite 300
Durham, NC, 27703
www.principledtechnologies.com
We provide industry-leading technology assessment and fact-based
marketing services. We bring to every assignment extensive
experience with and expertise in all aspects of technology testing
and analysis, from researching new technologies, to developing new
methodologies, to testing with existing and new tools.
When the assessment is complete, we know how to present the
results to a broad range of target audiences. We provide our clients
with the materials they need, from market-focused data to use in
their own collateral to custom sales aids, such as test reports,
performance assessments, and white papers. Every document
reflects the results of our trusted independent analysis.
We provide customized services that focus on our clients’ individual
requirements. Whether the technology involves hardware,
software, Web sites, or services, we offer the experience, expertise,
and tools to help our clients assess how it will fare against its
competition, its performance, its market readiness, and its quality
and reliability.
Our founders, Mark L. Van Name and Bill Catchings, have worked
together in technology assessment for over 20 years. As journalists,
they published over a thousand articles on a wide array of
technology subjects. They created and led the Ziff-Davis Benchmark
Operation, which developed such industry-standard benchmarks as
Ziff Davis Media’s Winstone and WebBench. They founded and led
eTesting Labs, and after the acquisition of that company by
Lionbridge Technologies were the head and CTO of VeriTest.
Principled Technologies is a registered trademark of Principled Technologies, Inc.
All other product names are the trademarks of their respective owners.
Disclaimer of Warranties; Limitation of Liability:
PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. HAS MADE REASONABLE EFFORTS TO ENSURE THE ACCURACY AND VALIDITY OF ITS TESTING,
HOWEVER, PRINCIPLED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTY, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, RELATING TO
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Workstation heat, sound, and power usage: Lenovo ThinkStation
D30 vs. Dell Precision T7600
A Principled Technologies test report 13