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Digital Mix Matrix
-056#..#6+10#n#95'4#1#07#.
CADAC Electronics
One New Street
Luton
Bedfordshire
LU1 5DX
England
Tel +44 (0) 1582 404 202
Fax +44 (0) 1582 412 799
email: info@cadac-sound.com
web: http://www.cadac-sound.com
While every effort has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the contents in this manual, CADAC equipment is being subject to continuous
development, hence the information in this manual may not reflect latest product updates.
© Copyright CADAC Electronics plc 2005
i
Table of Contents
Introduction..................................................................v
Features ...................................................................... vi
Using the D16 User Manual .......................................vi
Declaration of Conformity ........................................ vii
1
Important Safety Instructions ........................ 1-1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
2
Important information..................................... 2-1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
3.3
3.4
D16 Rear panel ....................................................... 3-2
Connecting up your D16.......................................... 3-3
3.2.1
Mains Power ............................................ 3-3
3.2.2
Ground Stud............................................. 3-3
3.2.3
Audio Connections ................................... 3-3
Power On ................................................................ 3-4
3.3.1
Channel LED indicators ........................... 3-4
3.3.2
PFL switch................................................ 3-4
3.3.3
MUTE switch ............................................ 3-4
Headphones ............................................................ 3-5
Menu Navigation ............................................. 4-1
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
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Unpacking ............................................................... 2-1
Operational considerations...................................... 2-1
Cleaning .................................................................. 2-1
Installation ............................................................... 2-1
The D16 Digital Mix Matrix ............................. 3-1
3.1
3.2
4
Mains Cable ............................................................ 1-1
Changing the fuse ................................................... 1-1
Fuse Type ............................................................... 1-1
Servicing.................................................................. 1-2
Do not remove any covers ...................................... 1-2
Safety checklist ....................................................... 1-2
Menu Display Overview........................................... 4-2
System Menu .......................................................... 4-3
4.2.1
Firmware revision ..................................... 4-3
4.2.2
Unique Serial Number.............................. 4-3
4.2.3
Box Temperature ..................................... 4-4
4.2.4
D16 Communications Address................. 4-4
Options Menu .......................................................... 4-5
4.3.1
PFL Hold .................................................. 4-5
4.3.2
Signal Path Configuration ........................ 4-5
4.3.3
BackLight ................................................. 4-6
Levels Menu ............................................................ 4-7
Faders Menu ........................................................... 4-9
4.5.1
Set One Fader Level .............................. 4-10
4.5.2
Set All Fader Levels ............................... 4-11
4.5.3
Master Fader.......................................... 4-12
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
ii
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
5
Automated Operation using
Cadac Sound Automation Manager .............. 5-1
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
6
Computer Requirements..........................................5-1
Installing SAM into a Windows ® OS computer ......5-1
Connecting the PC to the D16 ................................. 5-6
Configuring SamSetup ............................................5-9
5.4.1
Single/Multiple D16 Set up .....................5-10
5.4.2
D16 operation in conjunction with an
automated Cadac console...................... 5-15
Getting up and running.................................. 6-1
6.1
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
Edit Menu .............................................................. 4-13
4.6.1
Edit Menu Controls .................................4-13
4.6.2
Channel Reset........................................4-14
4.6.3
System Reset ......................................... 4-14
4.6.4
Channel Parameters ..............................4-15
EQ Section - High and Low Pass Filters................4-15
4.7.1
Low Pass Freq .......................................4-15
4.7.2
Frequency selection ............................... 4-15
4.7.3
High Pass Freq.......................................4-15
4.7.4
Frequency selection ............................... 4-15
EQ-section - 4-Band Fully Parametric Equaliser ... 4-16
4.8.1
LF Freq ...................................................4-16
4.8.2
LF Gain...................................................4-16
4.8.3
LF Q ..................................................... 4-16
4.8.4
LMF Freq ................................................ 4-16
4.8.5
LMF Gain................................................ 4-16
4.8.6
LMF Q .................................................. 4-16
4.8.7
HMF Freq ...............................................4-16
4.8.8
HMF Gain ...............................................4-17
4.8.9
HMF Q.................................................. 4-17
4.8.10
HF Freq .................................................. 4-17
4.8.11
HF Gain .................................................. 4-17
4.8.12
HF Q..................................................... 4-17
Sends to Main outputs ........................................... 4-17
4.9.1
Send 1 .................................................. 4-17
Dynamics Section. .................................................4-18
4.10.1
Gate........................................................4-18
4.10.2
Gate Attack............................................. 4-18
4.10.3
Gate Release ......................................... 4-18
4.10.4
Gate Threshold.......................................4-18
4.10.5
Gate Hold ...............................................4-18
Compressor ...........................................................4-19
4.11.1
Compressor Attack .................................4-19
4.11.2
Compressor Release..............................4-19
4.11.3
Compressor Threshold ........................... 4-19
4.11.4
Compressor Hold ...................................4-19
4.11.5
Compressor Ratio .................................. 4-19
4.11.6
Compressor Gain ...................................4-20
Input Gain Control .................................................4-20
4.12.1
Input Trim ...............................................4-20
4.12.2
Mic Gain (M16) ...................................... 4-20
Delay ..................................................................... 4-20
Running SAM with a D16 ........................................ 6-1
6.1.1
Loading the first CUE ............................... 6-3
6.1.2
Changing D16 module Parameters .......... 6-8
6.1.3
Changing D16 Fader Parameters .......... 6-10
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6.1.4
6.1.5
6.1.6
6.1.7
6.1.8
6.1.9
6.1.10
6.1.11
Global Update of parameters ................. 6-11
Updating a fader level ............................ 6-13
Target Edit.............................................. 6-14
Opening Target Edit ............................... 6-15
Using Target Edit to alter single
potentiometer values. ............................. 6-16
Using Target Edit to alter fader values... 6-17
Using Target Edit to alter
multiple values........................................ 6-18
Stereo Link ............................................. 6-19
D16 Specifications ..................................SPEC-1
Appendices ................................................ APP-1
Connector wiring ................................................ APP-1
D16 Default Parameters .....................................APP-5
CADAC USB ReProgramming Utility ..................APP-6
F16 DC Master Assignment Interface Unit .......APP-10
Input Range....................................... APP-10
Operating Modes...............................APP-11
Fader Bus and Data Bus A
Connections ......................................APP-12
F16 Software Version ........................ APP-13
Warranty........................................ WARRANTY-1
Index............................................................ IND-1
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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v
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the D16 Digital Mix Matrix from Cadac
Electronics Plc.
Cadac is renowned for supplying arguably the highest quality audio
mixing consoles for the world-wide professional audio industry for
over 36 years. In all these years the driving force behind the company’s research and development program has been to strive for a
product that not only provides the exact functionality required but
also exceptional audio performance and reliability. This can be
attested throughout the world, with many hundreds of Cadac consoles working day-in day-out in many of the world’s premier venues
and tours.
The company’s ethos is no different when it comes to digital technology. Many years of research and development programs have
gone into the digital technology now found within the D16. It was
Cadac’s intention from the outset that no digital products would be
released until their audio performance could be favourably compared to the company’s renowned range of analogue products.
This comprehensive development program has now borne fruit with
the release of the D16 Digital Mix Matrix.
We trust that this unit will bring many years of satisfaction and thank
you for your patronage.
The Cadac Development Team.
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vi
Features
■ High quality 16 x 16 digital matrix.
■ Ability to configure a D16 as an input or output matrix.
■ 96kHz 24 bit sampling and Sharc DSP processing using proprie-
tary Cadac mix, EQ and Dynamics algorithms.
■ Incorporates 6 band EQ including 4 band fully parametric EQ
modelled on the acclaimed Cadac J-Type.
■ Very low latency of 400µs analogue in to analogue out regard-
less of DSP processing.
■ High build quality with hand tuned Common Mode Rejection and
Balanced circuitry on all I/O.
■ Integral Digital Clip Protection to maintain audio and system
integrity.
■ Local front panel control, or remote control via USB and SAM
running on Windows ® OS.
■ Single SAM application can provide integral control over multiple
D16 units in addition to automated Cadac consoles.
■ MIDI input via SAM, with auto-learn facility, allowing physical
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
control of D16 parameters from any external MIDI device (or
MIDI enabled console).
Designed to maintain and replicate traditional Cadac performance in the digital domain.
Designed to exceed current EMC directives, and immune from
receiving or transmitting radio frequency interference.
Ideal solution for touring or space restricted applications when
extra channel counts or output busses are required.
Provides high grade digital performance for critical recording
applications.
Scalable active digital splitter from 1 in 16 out (2 in 8 out etc).
Ideally suited for distributed multi-zone audio applications.
On-going development program.
Seamless integration with Cadac automated consoles, through
bus link connectors.
Using the D16 User Manual
In order to obtain the most out of your D16, please read the User
Manual carefully.
Prior to installing and using the D16, it is also important that you have
read both Safety Instructions and Important Information.
If you still have a problem that cannot be resolved by referring to this
manual, then please contact your local CADAC distributor.
All information provided within this user manual is provided in good
faith. CADAC follows a policy of continual product development;
changes to equipment specification may be made without prior notice.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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Declaration of conformity
The Directives covered by this Declaration
89/336/EEC Electromagnetic Compatibility directive, amended by
92/31/EEC & 93/68/EEC
The Products Covered by this Declaration
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
The Basis on which Conformity is being Declared
The products identified above comply with the requirements of the
above EU Directives by meeting the following standards:
BS EN 55103-1:1997
Electromagnetic compatibility - Product
family standard for audio, video, audiovisual and entertainment lighting control
apparatus for professional use.
Part 1 – Emissions
BS EN 55103-2:1997
Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product
family standard for audio, video, audiovisual and entertainment lighting control
apparatus for professional use.
Part 2 – Immunity
BS EN 60065:1998
Audio, Video and similar electronic apparatus. Safety requirements.
Signed:............................
Authority: General Manager
Date: 24 January 2005
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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1
Important Safety Instructions
1.1
Mains Cable
The supplied IEC mains cable must be correctly terminated before
use. Use only an approved AC plug or power distribution device.
Safety ground must be connected at all times.
Safety Earth = Green/Yellow
Live = Brown
Neutral = Blue
1.2
Changing the fuse
To avoid the risk of fire, use only the recommended fuse type as indicated in this manual and on the D16. Do not short-circuit the fuse
holder.
Before changing the fuse, always switch off the unit and remove the
IEC mains cable.
To replace a fuse, remove the fuse holder (located adjacent to the
IEC mains socket) by turning the fuse holder anti-clockwise.
Fuse holder
Fuse holder
FIG 1-1. Remove the fuse holder
Replace the blown fuse with an identical type. See Fuse Type below
for further details.
1.3
Fuse Type
90v - 250v: 2A Type T
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1.4
Servicing
There are no serviceable parts contained within the D16. Refer all
servicing to your CADAC distributor.
1.5
Do not remove any covers
Within the D16 are areas where high and dangerous voltages are
present. Removing any covers will invalidate warranty.
1.6
Safety checklist
■ Install in accordance with CADAC’s instructions.
■ Do not place the apparatus on an unstable or uneven surface.
■ Do not insert objects through any apertures. Doing so could
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
result in damage to the unit or electric shock.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Do not block any of the ventilation openings
Do not install near any heat sources.
Do not install near naked flames.
Protect the mains cable from being stressed or pinched.
For optimum results, do not use the D16 on the same electrical
circuit as industrial equipment, such as motors, stage machinery
or any other equipment that causes noise or switching transients
on the mains circuit.
Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused
for long periods of time.
Adjust only those controls that are covered by the operating
instructions.
Use only the mains lead provided with the D16. Other leads may
not have sufficient current rating.
Do not operate this unit with the cover removed.
Unplug the unit before cleaning.
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2-1
2
Important information
2.1
Unpacking
The packaging for the D16 is designed to safely contain and protect
the D16 from the rigours and stresses usually experienced during international shipment. Specially designed mouldings cushion and
support the D16.
The D16 packaging contains:
■ 1 x D16
■ 1 x set of rack mounting ears + fitting screws
■ 1 x IEC mains lead (either fitted with UK or US style plug, or
unwired depending on country of use)
■ 1 x USB cable (2m length)
■ 1 x operations manual
■ 1 x SAM Sound Automation Manager
2.2
Operational considerations
AC mains voltage
The D16 is intended for use throughout the world and therefore the
internal power supply allows operation through the following AC
mains voltages: 90v - 250v AC, 50/60Hz
AC mains connection
The rear panel of the D16 houses the AC mains inlet on an IEC style
connector. The mains cable supplied with the D16 is also fitted with
a moulded IEC connector. Excluding UK and USA models, no plug
has been fitted to this mains lead, therefore this will need to be wired
(see 1.1 Mains Cable). Obtain professional advice from a qualified
electrician if unsure.
2.3
Cleaning
Before cleaning the D16, make sure the unit is switched off and the
mains plug is removed from the socket.
Only use a mildly damp cloth to clean the D16. Never use any domestic or commercial cleaning agents as these can cause damage
to external surfaces and components.
2.4
Installation
When fixing the D16 into any 19” rack mount frame, take into account the stresses that can be exerted on the rack ears if they are
the only means of support. Damage to the chassis could especially
occur during transportation if the D16 is not supported on rails within
a flight case. CADAC strongly recommends that as well as fixing the
D16 to the frame via the rack ears, support rails also be employed.
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3
3.1
The D16 Digital Mix Matrix
D16 Front Panel
1
6
2 3
7 8 9
4
14 13
5 10 11 12
FIG 3-1. D16 Front panel layout
1. Channel Number
2. Signal Overload Indicator
3. Signal Present Indicator
4. PFL Switch
5. Mute Switch
6. Headphone Socket
7. Headphone Level Control
8. 40x2 Menu Display
9. Menu Buttons
10.Set rotary encoder with push switch
11.Remote Indicator
12.USB Indicator
13.Mains ON Indicator
14.Mains Switch
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3.2
D16 Rear panel
7
1
2
3
6
4
8
5
9
10
FIG 3-2. D16 Rear panel layout
1. Mains Inlet
2. Mains Fuse
3. Ground Stud
4. Bus Output Connector
5. PFL Bus Connector (PFL control via SAM)
6. Analogue Line Level Input Connectors
7. Analogue Line Level Output Connectors
8. Parallel Input Connector
9. Remote Control Connector
10.USB Port
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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3-3
3.3
Connecting up your D16
3.3.1
Mains Power
Make sure that your IEC power connector is wired correctly (see 1.1
Mains Cable).
Fit the IEC lead to the rear power connector on the D16, making
sure that it is fitted securely and the lead is stress free.
3.3.2
Ground Stud
The D16 has been designed to fully comply and exceed current
EMC directives (immunity from electro-magnetic radiation and radio
frequency interference). However, for optimum performance, it is
also important to take into consideration the entire audio system
and minimize the potential for excessive ground loops occurring
between equipment and interference being induced within audio
cabling.
A Ground Stud is provided on the rear panel of the D16 to allow
connection to other audio devices in order to minimize ground
potentials, as well as providing a connection point for the use of
Parallel Earth Conductors, which can reduce induced noise within
audio cabling by up to 80% if used correctly.
System wiring and grounding techniques fall well outside the scope
of this User Manual, however, there are a number of reference
sources available. More information on this topic can also be found
on the CADAC Sound Check Zone at www.cadac-sound.com.
3.3.3
Audio Connections
Inputs
Connect the line level input cables to the respective XLR-3F connectors on the rear panel of the D16, making sure that all the connectors mate securely. In addition to the XLR connectors, a 37-way
D-Sub connector (female) is also provided. This is wired in parallel
to the XLR inputs.
Analogue Outputs
Channel line level outputs are available on XLR-3M connectors,
while an additional line level bus output connector is available on a
37-way D-sub connector (female). For D-sub wiring details, please
see Appendices - Connector Layouts.
NOTE: All line level outputs are balanced and designed to
drive over long cable lengths in excess of 500m, with little degradation in audio performance. These outputs are level compensated, whereby if one leg is shorted to ground, the other
leg will double its amplitude to compensate.
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3.4
Power On
Power on the D16 using the main power switch located on the front
panel. The red power indicator located on the front panel will illuminate to indicate when the D16 is operating.
NOTE: The D16 performs an initialisation and calibration phase
when power is applied. During this time all outputs will remain
muted. This function lasts for approximately 30 seconds.
NOTE: The D16 retains the latest settings of every parameter in
non-volatile memory. Therefore these settings are not lost
when the unit is not powered and are automatically recalled
when power is applied.
NOTE REGARDING THE USE OF I/O CABLES: The overall performance of the entire audio system is determined by the quality of the audio cables used. Make sure that line level audio
cables are of high quality with proper shielding in place. When
using multi-core snake, CADAC recommends the use of individually shielded twisted pairs with an overall braided shield.
3.4.1
Channel LED indicators
LEDs are provided on each channel for visual indication of signal
present and signal overload conditions.
The red Signal Overload LED illuminates when the channel signal
level reaches +18dBu, giving ample warning of a potential overload
condition with at least 3dB of headroom to spare. The signal is
sourced pre MUTE / post HPF.
The green Signal Present LED illuminates when the audio signal on
that specific channel exceeds -36dBu. The signal is sourced pre
MUTE / post HPF.
3.4.2
PFL switch
An internal PFL facility is provided and can be accessed via the front
panel headphone socket. PFL selection is via 16 PFL switches located on the front panel. These switches illuminate when enabled.
NOTE: Two independent PFL outputs are provided on the D16.
The first is controlled via the front panel PFL switches and
feeds the front panel headphone socket. The second is controlled via the PFL switches within Cadac’s Sound Automation
Manager software package and feeds the rear panel 9-way Dsub PFL Bus connector.
3.4.3
MUTE switch
16 MUTE switches are also provided to allow the operator to mute
any of the 16 channels. When enabled, these switches are illuminated red.
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3.5
Headphones
A headphone socket is provided on the D16 front panel. The headphone output is sourced from the PFL bus, therefore any PFL selection can be monitored on the headphones.
Control of the headphone output is via the headphone level control,
located to the left of the Menu display.
The headphone circuitry is designed to drive a load of 150 ohms upwards. Headphone impedances below 150 ohms can still be used,
however, the audio level will be reduced.
NOTE: Headphone output level is displayed within the D16 Root
Menu - see 4.1 Menu Display Overview.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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4-1
4
Menu Navigation
Control of all remaining parameters is managed through a menu
structure using the Menu display (40x2 character display), Set control and the five Menu buttons. It is via this Menu display that the
D16 can be configured for standalone operation.
The five Menu buttons located beneath the Menu display enable
you to navigate your way though the D16 control system. Labels will
appear above these buttons offering various options depending on
what parameters are being controlled.
Common labels that occur throughout the menu structure are:
Prev: Previous. Returns to the previous screen of the selected
group.
Next: Next.Accesses the next screen of the selected group.
Return: Steps back one level in the menu structure.
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4.1
Menu Display Overview.
NOTE: After a period of time (see 4.3.3 BackLight) the Menu display on the D16 returns to standby mode, whereby the backlight switches off. Press any Menu button to reactivate the
screen to where it left off.
The Root Menu display (see below) allows the operator to view the
current PFL level setting (0%=full attenuation). This value may be
adjusted via the Level control on the front panel irrespective of any
active Menu display.
Beneath the PFL display are five soft keys labelling the control
groups System, Options, Levels, Faders and Edit. These groups
can be accessed by selecting the appropriate Menu button located
beneath each label.
System: Provides service information relating to the D16 including
Firmware revision, communications address and operating temperature.
Options: Allows configuration of the PFL bus, Menu display backlight and compressor Pre/Post EQ
Levels: Provides input and main output level indicators in addition
to compression reduction meters.
Faders: Provides options for setting input/output, and master fader
levels.
Edit: Enables control of input gain, send levels, equaliser and
dynamics on a per channel basis.
PFL Vol: 57%
System
Options
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
Levels
Faders
Edit
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4-3
4.2
System Menu
■ Select System from the Root menu to enter the System menu.
Use Next and Prev to scroll through the System menu and Return
for the Root menu.
Ver: 1.00
Prev
Date:
Next
Sep 01 2004
11:55:34
Return
■ From the Root Menu press System
4.2.1
Firmware revision
Provides information on the installed D16 Firmware revision, plus
date and time of installation.
■ Press Next
Unit Serial Number = 50103
Prev
Next
4.2.2
Return
Unique Serial Number
Provides the unique serial number of the D16
■ Press Next
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4-4
Prev
Box Temperature = 40ƒ
Return
Next
4.2.3
Box Temperature
Provides information on the internal operating temperature of the
D16 (in degrees centigrade).
■ Press Next
&RPPV#$GGUHVV
Prev
Next
4.2.4
Communications Address = 1
Return
D16 Communications Address
Provides the Communications Address of this particular D16
device. The Communications Address is only of importance when
operating single or multiple (to a maximum of eight) D16s via
Cadac’s Sound Automation Manager (SAM) .
To set the Communications address, rotate the Set control to a
unique address value. If using multiple D16 units in conjuction with
SAM then the Communications Addresses should increment
accordingly:
D16 #1 : Communications Address = 1
D16 #2 : Communications Address = 2
D16 #3 : Communications Address = 3
D16 #8 : Communications Address = 8
For additional information in configuring SAM, see 5.4 Configuring
SamSetup.
■ Press Return to return to the Root menu.
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4.3
Options Menu
■ Select Options from the Root menu to enter the Options menu.
■ Use Next and Prev to scroll through the Options menu and
Return for the Root menu.
■ From the Root menu press Options
PFL Hold
Prev
Next
4.3.1
off
Toggle
Return
PFL Hold
Displays whether PFL Hold is on or off. This affects the operation
of the 16 front panel PFL switches.
■ To enable or disable the PFL Hold function press the Menu but-
ton labelled toggle.
When PFL Hold is set to on, one or more PFL switches can be
selected enabling multiple PFL signals into the PFL headphone
mix.
When PFL Hold is set to off, the PFL switches operate in an interlocking or exclusive mode whereby selection of a PFL switch cancels any previous PFL selection.
■ Press Next
DSP1:
Prev
In>Del>Gate>Comp>EQ>Mix>Out Sel
Next
Load
Return
4.3.2
Signal Path Configuration
This is a system-wide setting allowing the D16 to be configured
either as an input or output matrix. DSP1/ DSP2 provide input
matrix signal paths with full dynamics / EQ prior to the matrix sends,
while DSP3 / DSP4 provide output matrix signal paths with full
dynamics / EQ post matrix sends. The Signal paths available are:
DSP1:
DSP2:
DSP3:
DSP4:
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Input>Delay>Gate>Compressor>EQ>Mix>Output
Input>Delay>Gate>EQ>Compressor>Mix>Output
Input>Gate>Mix>Compressor>EQ>Delay>Output
Input>Gate>Mix>EQ>Compressor>Delay>Output
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
4-6
■ Use the Set rotary control to select the desired signal path for
the D16.
NOTE: If the DSP signal path displayed within the menu differs
to that currently set within the D16 an asterix will be displayed
next to the Load button. i.e. Load*
■ Press Load* to reconfigure the D16 signal path.
NOTE: When reconfiguring the D16, please be aware that the
DSP within the unit will be re-initialised. This means that it will
interrupt any audio flow passing through the unit.
■ The message DSP System Intialised will momentarily be dis-
played to confirm the process has been completed.
■ Press Next
4.3.3
BackLight
BackLite
Prev
Next
Toggle
1000
Return
■ Use the Set rotary control to select a value from 125 to 1000.
This determines the length of time that the BackLite is active.
A setting of 1000 equates to approximately 40 seconds.
NOTE: Rotate the Set control slowly for fine control and fast
for coarse control of the BackLite value.
■ Press Return to return to the Root menu.
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4.4
Levels Menu
■ Select Levels from the Root menu to view input channel, main
output and gain reduction levels.
■ From the Root menu press Levels
Chan 1: <-60.0dB
Prev
Next
Input
Range
Return
The top row of the window displays either the input level, main output signal strength or channel gain reduction as an accurate
numeric value (to a tenth of a dB) on a per channel basis. This is followed by 16 bargraph meters sourced either pre input fader, post
main output fader, or displaying gain reduction within the compressor sections.
■ To switch between inputs, outputs and gain reduction meters,
press the centre Menu button (in the case above labelled Input).
Out 1: >-60.0dB
Prev
Next
Outputs
Range
Return
The menu button labelled Range enables the meter scaling of the
16 bargraphs to be altered. Full scale equates to either 0dBu or
+18dBu as indicated on the display. Pressing Range toggles
between these two modes.
Comp 1: >-00.0dB
Prev
Next
CompRdx
Range
Return
NOTE: The Range function only applies when metering Inputs
or Outputs. Range does not function when metering gain
reduction.
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NOTE: These meters are limited in their resolution and therefore only increment in 6dB steps. They are intended to simply
provide visual indication of signal level strength rather than
being used as a measuring tool.
■ Use Prev and Next to select the desired input channel (1 to 16),
main output (1 to 16) or gain reduction meter.
■ Press Return to return to the Root menu.
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4.5
Faders Menu
Select Faders from the Root menu to enable control over all input,
output and master fader levels.
To return any time to the Root menu, press Return.
■ From the Root menu, press faders.
Chan 1: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
________________ -0dB
Input
Set All
Return
The Faders menu provides control over input, main output and
group master fader levels.
NOTE: Group Master fader levels can be equated to DC or VCA
Master fader levels as found on traditional analogue audio mixing consoles.
Select whether input, output or master faders are to be controlled by
pressing the Menu button labelled either Input, Output or Master. If
outputs are to be controlled, then the active output channel will be
displayed. See figure below.
Chan 1: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
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________________
-0dB
Output
Set All
Return
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4.5.1
Set One Fader Level
Select whether input, output or master faders are to be controlled by
pressing the Menu button labelled either Input, Output or Master.
Chan 1: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
________________
-0dB
Input
Set One
Return
Make sure that the Faders Menu is set for individual control. This
mode is selected by pressing the Menu button labelled Set One. If
this Menu button is already displaying Set All, then the Fader Menu
is already in the required mode 1.
Chan 1: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
________________ -0dB
Input
Set All Return
■ Select the desired channel by pressing the Prev and Next but-
tons.
Chan 4: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
_________________ -0dB
Input
Set All
Return
Rotate the Set control to select the desired fader level in 0.1dB
steps. All fader scales are from –86.0dB to +10dB. The updated
fader level is graphically displayed.
1.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
As a general principle, the button legend tells you what it is going to do when a button is pressed.
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Chan 4: 0.0dB
Prev
Next
___-____________
-0dB
Input
Set All
Return
To return to the Root Menu, press Return.
4.5.2
Set All Fader Levels
Select which faders are to be controlled by pressing the Menu button labelled either Input, Output or Master.
Chan 4: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
________________ -0dB
Input
Set All
Return
This mode is selected by pressing the Menu button labelled Set All.
If this menu is displaying Set One, then the Fader Menu is already
in the required mode.
Chan 4: -86.0dB
Prev
Next
________________ -0dB
Input
Set One Return
Rotate the Set control to select the desired fader bank levels in
0.1dB steps. All fader scales are from –86.0dB to +10.0dB. The
updated fader levels are graphically displayed.
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Chan 4: 0.0dB
Prev
Next
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -0dB
Input
Set One
Return
To return to the Root Menu, press Return.
4.5.3
Master Fader
The Master Fader control screen works in conjunction with Cadacs’
Sound Automation Manager (SAM) computer software package.
Via SAM, it is possible to independently assign input and output faders to be part of a DC or VCA style group. There are in total 16
master group faders within the D16.
NOTE: It is not possible to assign input and output faders to a
DC or VCA style group via the D16 front panel.
Operation of the master faders via the D16 front panel is identical to
that of the input and output faders.
NOTE: If an F16 DC Master Assignment Interface Unit is
directly connected to the D16 it will overide any changes made
to master fader levels set via the front panel.
The F16 interfaces with all Cadac consoles, plus a selection of consoles from third party console manufacturers, and enables fader
group assignment within the D16 (or multiple D16s) to become integral to the console’s DC or VCA grouping. The DC or VCA group
master faders on the console can then directly control the assigned
fader levels within the D16(s).
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4.6
Edit Menu
■ Select Edit from the Root menu to control all channel parame-
ters.
To return any time to the Root menu press Return.
■ From the Root menu press Edit to enter the Edit Menu.
[ – Chan 1 +]
4.6.1
Low Pass Freq (off)
[ – Param +]
Return
Edit Menu Controls
■ To scroll through the 16 input channels use the Channel – or +
menu buttons.
[ – Chan + ]
To scroll through the 16 input channels, use the Channel – or +
menu buttons, see diagram above. The selected channel number is
indicated within the parenthesis, example [ – Chan 16+ ]
[ – Param + ]
To scroll through the all the parameters available within the selected
channel, use the Parameter – or + menu buttons, see diagram
above.
Set Control
Rotating the Set Control allows numeric values to be altered within
appropriate parameters.
Pressing the Set Control allows static parameters to be toggled. For
example Delay On or Off.
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4.6.2
Channel Reset
The D16 provides the ability to return any channel to its default
state. This can be of use when reconfiguring specific channels
within the D16, or wishing to return a channel to a known status.
■ To return a particular channel to the system default status, first
select the desired channel by using the Chan + and Chan Menu buttons.
■ Simultaneously press the Para + and Para - Menu buttons.
Clear Channel 1 to default values?
Yes
No
■ The D16 will ask for confirmation, see above.
■ Select Yes to confirm or No to cancel operation.
If Yes is selected then a confirmation is displayed before the window returning to standby mode.
4.6.3
System Reset
The D16 is provided with the facility to return all parameters on all
channels to a default state. This is of particular use when reconfiguring the D16 for another application.
■ To return the D16 to its default state simultaneously press the
Chan + and Chan – menu buttons.
Clear All Channels to default values?
Yes
No
■ Select Yes to confirm or No to cancel operation.
If Yes is selected, then a confirmation is displayed before the window returns to standby mode.
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4.6.4
Channel Parameters
Each channel on the D16 is provided with the following parameters:
■ Mic Gain (when used in conjunction with Cadac’s M16 Remote
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Controlled Microphone Amplifier)
Input Trim and Polarity Invert
High and Low Pass Filters
4-band Fully Parametric Equaliser.
16 individual sends to the Main outputs, source Pre or Post fader
Gate
Compressor
Delay
The following parameters are available to the operator via the Edit
menu.
4.7
EQ Section - High and Low Pass Filters
4.7.1
Low Pass Freq
On / Off selection
The low pass filter can be toggled on or off by pushing the Set control located to the right of the Menu display.
4.7.2
Frequency selection
The low pass filter frequency can be selected in 0.1kHz increments
by rotating the Set control. Available frequency range is from
1.0kHz to 35.0kHz with a slope of 12db/octave.
NOTE: Rotate the Set control slowly for fine control and fast
for coarse control of the frequency value.
4.7.3
High Pass Freq
On / Off selection.
The high pass filter can be toggled on or off by pushing the Set
control located to the right of the Menu display.
4.7.4
Frequency selection
The high pass filter frequency can be selected in 0.4Hz increments
by rotating the Set control. Available frequency range is from 14.0
Hz to 400.0 Hz with a slope of 12db/octave.
NOTE: Rotate the Set control slowly for fine control and fast
for coarse control of the frequency value.
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4.8
EQ-section - 4-Band Fully Parametric Equaliser
The D16 equaliser has been developed to emulate Cadac’s classic
equalisers as found on the J and R-Type consoles.
NOTE: EQ band selection.
Each equaliser band (LF, LMF, HMF, HF) can be independently
toggled on or off by pushing the Set control located to the right
of the Menu display. This will activate the EQ band’s Frequency, Gain and Q functions.
4.8.1
LF Freq
Frequency selection
The LF frequency can be selected by rotating the Set control. Available frequency range is from 20.0Hz to 200.0Hz.
4.8.2
LF Gain
Gain selection
The LF gain can be selected in 0.1dB increments by rotating the
Set control. Available cut/boost range is from -18.0dB to 18.0dB.
4.8.3
LF Q
Q factor
The LF Q factor can be selected in 0.1 increments by rotating the
Set control. Available Q factor range is from 1.0 to 3.0.
4.8.4
LMF Freq
Frequency selection
The LMF frequency can be selected by rotating the Set control.
Available frequency range is from 60.0Hz to 600.0Hz.
4.8.5
LMF Gain
Gain selection
The LMF gain can be selected in 0.1dB increments by rotating the
Set control. Available cut/boost range is from -18.0dB to 18.0dB.
4.8.6
LMF Q
Q factor
The LMF Q factor can be selected in 0.1 increments by rotating the
Set control. Available Q factor range is from 1.0 to 3.0.
4.8.7
HMF Freq
Frequency selection
The HMF frequency can be selected by rotating the Set control.
Available frequency range is from 400.0Hz to 4.0kHz.
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4.8.8
HMF Gain
Gain selection
The HMF gain can be selected in 0.1dB increments by rotating the
Set control. Available cut/boost range is from -18.0dB to 18.0dB.
4.8.9
HMF Q
Q factor
The HMF Q factor can be selected in 0.1 increments by rotating the
Set control. Available Q factor range is from 1.0 to 3.0.
4.8.10
HF Freq
Frequency selection
The HF frequency can be selected by rotating the Set control. Available frequency range is from 1.5kHz to 15.0kHz.
4.8.11
HF Gain
Gain selection
The HF gain can be selected in 0.1dB increments by rotating the
Set control. Available cut/boost range is from -18.0dB to 18.0dB.
4.8.12
HF Q
Q factor.
The HF Q factor can be selected in 0.1 increments by rotating the
Set control. Available Q factor range is from 1.0 to 3.0.
4.9
Sends to Main outputs
Each input channel is provided with 16 variable gain matrix sends
that route to the 16 Main outputs. Each send has its own dedicated
on/off switch and send level.
4.9.1
Send 1
Source selection
Send 1 can be sourced Pre EQ, Post EQ or Post Fader by pushing
the Set control located to the right of the Menu display.
Pushing Set scrolls through the following options:
Display
Function
Pre off
Pre on
Pst off
Pst on
Fdr off
Fdr on
Pre EQ Off
Pre EQ On
Post EQ Off
Post EQ On
Post Fader Off
Post Fader On
NOTE: Any of the Off states (Pre off, Pst off and Fdr off) can be
selected to switch the send off.
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Send 1 level can be controlled in 0.1dB increments, from –65.0dB
to +10dB by rotating the Set control.
Press Param + to scroll through the remaining Sends. Repeat as
above.
4.10
Dynamics Section.
The D16 comes equipped with a comprehensive dynamics sections
on every input channel, providing Gate and Compression algorithms. All dynamics parameters can be accessed through the
Menu display.
4.10.1
Gate
The D16 Gate comprises of the following parameters: Attack,
Release, Threshold and Hold and is sourced post input Trim.
NOTE: Gate on/off selection.
The Gate can be toggled on or off by pushing the Set control
located to the right of the Menu display. The Gate can be activated within any of its four screens.
4.10.2
Gate Attack
The Gate Attack time can be controlled from 0.1ms to 250ms by
rotating the Set control.
4.10.3
Gate Release
The Gate Release time can be controlled from 50.0 ms to 2.6s by
rotating the Set control.
4.10.4
Gate Threshold
The Gate Threshold level can be controlled in 0.1dB steps from 70dB to +23dB by rotating the Set control.
4.10.5
Gate Hold
The Gate Hold time can be controlled from 25ms to 4s by rotating
the Set control.
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4.11
Compressor
The D16 Compressor section comprises of the following parameters: Attack, Release, Threshold, Hold, Ratio, Make Up Gain and
Knee. The compressor is sourced either PreEQ or PostEQ dependant on how the compressor is globally configured.
NOTE: Compressor on/off selection.
The Compressor can be toggled on or off by pushing the Set
control located to the right of the Menu display. The Compressor can be activated within any of the Release, Hold, Ratio and
Gain screens.
NOTE: Selection of whether the compressor is located pre or
post equaliser is a global control. See Options Menu, 4.3
Options Menu.
4.11.1
Compressor Attack
The Compressor Attack time can be controlled from 0.1ms to
250ms by rotating the Set control.
Pushing the Set control toggles the mode of compression between
Peak and RMS. RMS (Root Mean Square) compression provides a
more consistent and overall compression as it is not instantly
responding to any peaks in the audio material. Peak compression
on the other hand is more responsive to transients.
4.11.2
Compressor Release
The Compressor Release time can be controlled from 50.0 ms to
2.6s by rotating the Set control.
4.11.3
Compressor Threshold
The Compressor Threshold level can be controlled in 0.1dB steps
from -70dB to +23dB by rotating the Set control.
Pushing the Set control applies different compression curves at the
point of threshold. These are known as Hard and Soft knee and
pressing Set toggles between these two.
With a Soft knee, the compression starts gradually as the signal
exceeds the threshold, whereas with a Hard knee the change is
less gradual.
4.11.4
Compressor Hold
The Compressor Hold time can be controlled from 25ms to 4s by
rotating the Set control.
4.11.5
Compressor Ratio
The Compressor Ratio can be controlled in 0.1 increments from 1:1
to 20:1 by rotating the Set control.
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4.11.6
Compressor Gain
The Compressor Make Up Gain can be controlled in 0.1dB increments from 0.0dB to +30.0dB.
4.12
Input Gain Control
4.12.1
Input Trim
The Input Trim feature adjusts the input sensitivity to the channel in
0.1dB steps by rotating the Set control. Available gain range is from
–10.0dB to +10dB.
Pushing the Set control toggles the polarity of the input signal in the
digital domain.
4.12.2
Mic Gain (M16) 2
4.13
Delay
Delay
Each channel on the D16 can be assigned individual delays up to a
maximum of 400ms per channel by rotating the Set control.
on / off selection
The Delay can be toggled on or off by pushing the Set control
located to the right of the Menu display.
2.
M16 Mic gain control is no longer implemented. This menu item shall be removed in a future software release.
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5
Automated Operation using Cadac
Sound Automation Manager
The D16 is designed to fully integrate with CADAC’s advanced Windows based Sound Automation Manager (SAM). Automation is now
an integral part of modern sound design, requiring a sophisticated
range of tools to cater for the ever-increasing complexity of live
sound applications. Under SAM, every D16 parameter can be controlled, allowing complex cue changes to be performed. In addition,
all D16 parameters can be mapped to dedicated external hardware
controllers (via MIDI) to provide the added benefit of tactile control
for those engineers who find working with a computer mouse uncomfortable.
5.1
Computer Requirements
To run the Sound Automation Manager the following minimum specifications are required:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
5.2
2GHz Celeron or Pentium 4
512Mbyte RAM
40Gbyte Hard disc
Graphics 1024x768 (16-bit colour)
USB Port
10/100 BaseT Ethernet (RJ45)
Windows ® 2000 or XP
Installing SAM into a Windows ® OS computer
The Sound Automation Manager software is supplied on CD-ROM.
To install SAM place CD in the CD-ROM drive on your computer
and follow the steps below:
■ In the Windows Start menu, click on Run….A dialog box opens,
see below. In the Open box, type D:\setup.exe and click OK. If
your CD-ROM drive has a different drive letter assigned to it then
substitute this letter for D.
NOTE: Prior to installing the software,
make sure the D16 is
not connected to the
computer.
■ Press OK
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■ Click Next >
■ Enter Name and Company. Do not alter the serial number.
■ Click on Next >
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■ Choose the destination folder where SAM is to be installed. The
default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Cadac.
■ Click on Next >
■ Select Program Folder (the default Program Folder is Sound
Automation Manager)
■ Click on Next >
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■ SAM will then be installed.
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■ Once completed click on Finish
You have now installed Cadac’s Sound Automation Manager software.
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5.3
Connecting the PC to the D16
■ Make sure that the D16 is powered down before making any
data connections.
■ Connect the supplied USB cable to an available USB port on the
computer. Only one end of the cable is designed to connect
directly to the computer. Connect the other end to the USB connector provided on the rear panel of the D16.
■ Power up the D16.
Installing the USB driver
NOTE: It is important that the Cadac USB driver is installed,
otherwise the computer will not be able to communicate with
the D16. Those customers already using USB drivers for other
Cadac products may need to uprade their installation if this
disc carries a later version.
If not previously installed then the computer will not have the
required Cadac USB driver. Windows® will therefore automatically
open the Found New Hardware Wizard.
■ Click on “No, not this time” then click Next>
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■ Click on “install from a list or a specific location (Advanced)”
and then Next>
■ Select “Search” and then enable checkbox “Include this loca-
tion in the search:”
■ Click on Browse and select C:\Program Files\Cadac\USB-
Driver
■ Click Next>
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■ The Wizard will install the USB Driver for the Cadac - D16 Digital
Mix Matrix.1
■ Upon completion click Finish
You have now installed the Cadac USB Driver.
1.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
It is likely that Windows will raise a message box to inform you that the Cadac USB
driver has not been digitally signed by Microsoft. This is perfectly acceptable and
you may proceed to install this driver.
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5.4
Configuring SamSetup
NOTE: If your computer is running a firewall you may be
warned that the Cadac program is trying to access the internet.
This is because of the communications method employed, and
the program is not actually accessing the internet. You should
therefore instruct the firewall to grant access permission to the
program.
After you have installed the Sound Automaton Manager it will
appear as a new section in the Program folder of the Windows ®
Start menu. One of the entries in this section is Sam Configuration. Click on Sam Configuration to run the SamSetup utility.
The latest version of SamSetup (SAM Version 1.08 build 3 or later)
allows both single and multiple D16s to be configured in a simple
and uniform way. The recomended setup procedure is the same for
both configurations. However to provide backwards compatibility for
customers already using D16s in the field, the previous setup procedures for the D16 and D16 Output Matrix have also been
retained.
For those using SamSetup for the first time, or for new sound
designs, please use the following simplified method which allows
from 1 x D16 to a maximum of 8 x D16s to be configured within
SAM.
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5.4.1
Single/Multiple D16 Set up
Select Console > Setup Consoles from the SamSetup window.
■ Click your mouse over the Console 1 check box to activate the
‘console’ you wish to configure.
■ From the Type pull down menu select Multiple D16s
■ Set Frames to the number of D16s that are to be controlled
within SAM.
Frames = 1 for a single D16,
Frames = 2 for two D16s,
Frames = 3 for three D16s etc.
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■ Click on button Set Port to configure which communications port
is to be used.
■ Click checkbox to enable Use USB Port (SamUsb)
■ Set Unit ID to 1.
NOTE: For Single D16 operation.
Make sure that the D16 Unit ID (set via the D16 front panel
menu, see 4.2.4 D16 Communications Address) is identical to
that set within SamSetup.
NOTE: For Multiple D16 operation.
Make sure that the first unit’s Communication Address (set via
the D16 front panel menu, see 4.2.4 D16 Communications
Address) is set to 1 and the subsequent addresses on other
D16s increment consecutively. SamSetup only requires the
first D16’s Communications Address to be set, and will automatically assign consecutive addresses to any additional D16s
specified in the Frames field.
Example:
D16 #1: Frame 1, Unit ID 1
D16 #2: Frame 2, Unit ID 2
D16 #3: Frame 3, Unit ID 3
D16 #8: Frame 8, Unit ID8
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■ Click on OK to close Network Settings window.
■ Click on OK to close Setup Consoles window
Now you need to configure SamSetup to recognise the D16(s) and
whether they are input or output matrices.
■ From the main SamSetup window, make sure that Console 1 is
selected within the Console window. This is located in the top
right-hand corner of the SamSetup window. It should display
Multiple D16s.
■ Choose the Current Frame from the Frame Configuration win-
dow for the D16 that you want to configure. For example: if Current Frame is set to 1 then this relates to D16 #1 ( when Unit ID
is set to 1).
■ From the Fixed Layouts pull-down menu select whether the
D16 is configured as an input or output matrix. This is determined by the internal DSP signal path setting within the D16
itself. See 4.3.2 Signal Path Configuration
■ Once the Fixed Layout is selected click on the Set Layout but-
ton. This action automatically configures the frame to represent
the D16 configuration you have specified.
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The example above shows that D16 #1 is configured to be an input matrix.
If multiple D16s are to be used then the process needs to be
repeated for the remaining D16s in the system:
Example: To configure D16 #3.
■ Select the Current Frame within the Frame Configuration win-
dow to 3.
■ From the Fixed Layouts pull-down menu select whether the
D16 is configured as an input or output matrix.
■ Once the Fixed Layout is selected click on the Set Layout button
to configure D16 #3.
■ Repeat this process until all D16s within the system are correctly
configured.
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The example above shows that D16 #3 is configured to be an output matrix.
If the Computer and D16 are communicating correctly two green
ticks will appear in the Console window. The first (a ghost icon) indicates active communication with the D16 USB driver, and the second (a console icon) indicates active communication with the D16.
Once complete, either:
■ Select File>Save to save settings or
■ Select File>Save and Exit to save the settings and exit the
SamSetup utility.
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5.4.2
D16 operation in conjunction with an automated Cadac console
SAM provides the ability to automate two independent Cadac consoles within the same automation system. For example simultaneous control of both a J-Type and an F-Type console. This facility
can also be extended to the D16, therefore allowing control of both
a Cadac console and single, or multiple D16s within the same automation package.
The setup procedure is identical to that described in chapter 5.4.1
with the addition of configuring both Console 1 and Console 2
within the SamSetup> Setup Consoles window.
Example:
Console 1 = Multi-frame J-Type
Console 2 = Multiple D16s
Further information specifically related to configuring and mapping
automated Cadac consoles (such as the J-Type and F-Type) can be
found in the SAM User Guide.
NOTE: SamSetup, within version 1.08 build 3 and later, operates in such a way that it only communicates with whichever
console is currently selected (for example: Console 1). By
doing this it avoids any potential for corrupting configuration
data that may already be stored for the other console (i.e. Console 2 in this example.)
The above example shows a single frame J-Type configured as
Console 1 with three D16s configured within Console 2.
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6
Getting up and running
CADAC’s Sound Automation Manager is a feature packed live automation system that has evolved over many years. Consequently, it
is not possible to detail all the features and facilities that SAM provides within this user manual. Such information can be obtained
from the SAM Installation & User Manual. SAM also provides a useful and comprehensive on-line help assistant, accessed via the help
menu.
Information contained within the D16 User Manual allows the first
time SAM operator to get the system up and running. For further detailed information, please refer to the SAM Installation & User Manual.
6.1
Running SAM with a D16
Make sure that the D16 is connected to the computer and that the
D16 is powered on. You will see the USB LED indicator on the D16
front panel illuminate.
NOTE: Before loading SAM for the first time, it is necessary to
run the SamSet utility. If the automation system is not configured via SamSetup to know which hardware it is meant to control, then the automation software will not operate correctly.
See 5.4 Configuring SamSetup
Click on the START menu button located at the left hand side of the
Windows task bar. Select All Programs, then click on Sound Automation Manager > Sound Automation Manager.
SAM will open and automatically load the SampleShow show file.
Under certain conditions, SAM may report a “Mapping Conflict”.
Please refer to the SAM User Guide for further explanation pertaining to this message.
The first thing to do is to make sure that communications between
computer and D16 are enabled. Look at the Console Status window
which will be exhibiting blue crosses. See figure below.
This is called the off-line mode and allows you to create Cues on a
computer that is not connected to the D16 (i.e. setting up the show
from home/office or hotel)
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To enable communications:
■
■
■
■
Select the Comms pull down menu
Select Open/Close Ports
Tick the Online checkbox relating to the D16(s)
Press the D16’s associated Set Port button located on the right
hand side of the window.
Check that the USB port is enabled and that the Unit ID is identical
to the Communications Address set on the first D16. See 4.2.4 D16
Communications Address
■ Press OK to exit the Network Settings window
■ Press OK to exit the Setup Communications Ports window
Confirm that communication between the D16 and SAM is now
active by looking at the Console Status window where you should
see that two of the blue crosses have now changed to green ticks
(see below).
If either, or both, icons display a red cross, then this indicates that
there is a fault in communications. If this is the case, please refer to
5.4 Configuring SamSetup.
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6.1.1
Loading the first CUE
■ To load the first cue from the Sample Show, press the PageDn
button on your computer (this is a short-cut key). An alternative
way of recalling a cue is to go to the Cue window (to open this
window select View>Cue from the pull down menu), left-click
with the mouse to select the desired cue number (1.00, 2.00
etc.), then right-click and select Recall Cue.
Hint: PageDn loads the next cue, while PgUp loads the previous
cue.
You will now see channel strips appear within the first frame window
and these represent the D16 channels. If no window opens then follow the process below:
■ Left-click over the Console View button on the task bar.
This will open the Console View window, where it is possible to
enable or disable views of both console modules and faders.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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■ From the Console View window, left-click over both the Module 1
and Frame 1 icons to bring the D16 windows (for D16 #1) into
view.
Configurations of either D16 input or output matrices result in two
separate windows being displayed for each D16. The first represents the channel strips (known as the Module Frame), while the
second is a fader window (known as the Fader Frame.)
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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This Module Frame window is configured as a D16 input matrix.
Use the scroll bar located at the bottom of the window to scroll
across all 16 channels. A further 16 blank panels can also be
viewed. These positions are only used when the D16 is configured
as an output matrix.
NOTE: The resolution of the computer display will determine
how much detail can be viewed at any one time. With higher
resolution screens (such as 1400x1050 or higher) it is possible
to view 16 channels at a time.
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The fader view operates in a similar manner to the Module Frame
window. The Fader Frame window enables access to all 16 input
and 16 output faders by using the scroll bar located at the bottom of
the window.
Input Faders come with white fader caps.
Output faders come with red fader caps.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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When configured as an output matrix the first 16 module positions
within the module frame window consist of the D16 input stage and
matrix send controls. Whilst the second set of 16 module positions
provide the output dynamics, delay and EQ controls which are
sourced post matrix sends. Use the scroll bar located at the bottom
of the module frame window to scroll between input and output
channels.
The fader view operates in a similar manner to the Module Frame
window. The Fader Frame window enables access to all 16 input
and 16 output faders by using the scroll bar located at the bottom of
the window.
Hint: The main display window on SAM is divided into four quadrants. To quickly move from one quadrant to another, press Alt+1,
Alt+2, Alt+3 or Alt+4. See Birds-eye Toolbar in the SAM User
Guide.
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6.1.2
Changing D16 module Parameters
■ To change any of the D16 switch parameters within the Module
Frame window, left-click the mouse over the switch on the
desired channel. The new status of the switch will be displayed,
although more detailed information can be viewed within the
module detail window.
Example: Switch status for Matrix Send source selection.
Matrix Send 15 sourced Post Fader (button colour:gold)
Matrix Send 15 sourced Pre Fader (button colour: amber)
Matrix Send 15 sourced Post EQ (button colour: yellow)
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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■ To change any of the rotary values double-click over the module
(making sure not to click over a switch). This will bring up a
Detail View (see below) which provides a greater degree of
module information and allows all parameters to be changed.
Holding the mouse pointer over any of the potentiometers will open
a “ToolTip”, showing the current value of the potentiometer.
■ To change the value of the potentiometer left-click the mouse
over the pot and drag the mouse. Dragging the mouse up or to
the left will increase the value, and down or to the right will
decrease the value.
■ By double-clicking over a potentiometer it is possible to directly
enter a numeric value.
■ To change any of the switches within the detail window, place the
mouse pointer over the desired switch and left-click. The new
status of the switch will be displayed.
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6.1.3
Changing D16 Fader Parameters
■ To change any of the D16 fader values via SAM, from the Fader
Frame window double-click over the desired fader. This will bring
up a detail window, which allows all parameters to be changed.
■ To change any of the PFL and MUTE switches, place the mouse
pointer over the desired switch and left-click. The new status of
the switch will be displayed as per traditional physical back lit
switches.
■ To change the DC Group assign click the up or down arrow
switches on the fader module. There are a total of 16 available
DC Groups and these are indicicated within the display as hexidecimal (base 16) numbers: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F.
NOTE: It is also possible to control the PFL, MUTE and DC
Group Assign switches directly from the Fader Frame window
by left-clicking the mouse pointer over the desired switch.
■ Clicking and dragging the fader cap up or down will vary the
fader value accordingly.
NOTE: Graphics for the ‘7-segment Display’ and associated
selection switches for DC Group assignments operate in conjunction with either the Master fader controls (operated via the
D16 front panel menu, see 4.5.3 Master Fader) or the Cadac F16
DC Master Assignment Interface Unit.
NOTE: SAM is provided with extensive Short-Cut Keys. See
SAM User Guide for details.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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6.1.4
Global Update of parameters
NOTE: Global Update is a very powerful editing feature with which
you may extensive changes to your show file. The section below is
a simple introduction, it is suggested that reference is also made to
the full detailed explanation within the SAM User Guide .
The Global Update feature within SAM allows selection of various
parameters over multiple channels simultaneously. This, therefore,
is a highly useful feature, when wanting to set the D16 into an initial
state.
This facility is available for both channel strips and faders.
Updating a switch and potentiometer
Select which channel you want to work with. The method of selecting channels is identical to other Windows applications. Pressing
Ctrl whilst selecting channels with a left click of the mouse will add
individual channels to those already selected. Pressing Shift whilst
selecting channels with a left-click of the mouse will add groups of
channels to those already selected.
■ Right-click the mouse and click on Global Update. This will
open the Global Update window (see below).
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■ Click over the switch you want to change until it displays the
desired setting. Double-click over the potentiometer that needs
changing and input the desired value, in dB, in the Set Pot Value
window. Then click on Apply Selected.
Entering a numerical value for Aux16.
■ To action the update process, click on the Update button within
the Global Update window.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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6.1.5
Updating a fader level
This operation is identical to using Global Update on channel
parameters. The only difference is that it is possible to update the
fader value by dragging the fader cap up and down.
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6.1.6
Target Edit
The Target Edit feature within SAM allows simulteneous control of
single, multiple (or even differing parameters) over single/multiple
channels, all directly via the Frame Views within SAM. This is a
highly useful feature, especially when operating SAM via a Tablet
PC as the operator does not have the benefit of using a mouse to
access the Detail View windows.
Example: Controlling a D16 output matrix via a wireless Tablet PC.
One application that makes good use of the Target Edit feature is
operating the D16 as an output matrix, being sourced by the output
busses of a console. The D16 provides output managment functionality between the console and power amplifiers (or between the
console and dedicated speaker processors).
When configuring and tuning the show, the sound designer is now
in a position to make use of a wireless Tablet PC to control the D16.
This provides both the freedom to move around the auditorium listening to the overall balance of the system and the ability to control
any level, EQ, dynamics or delay parameters where appropriate.
Operating via a “Virtual Desktop” package 1, the Tablet PC links
back wirelessly to the main PC (which is hardwired to the D16) running the main SAM program. The Tablet PC then mirrors exactly
what is displayed on the main PC’s screen, whilst also allowing the
sound designer full access to all SAM parameters.
By mapping the Jog Dial control on the Tablet PC directly to the Target Edit feature, it is possible for the sound designer to quickly
select which parameter is to be controlled and then, by nudging the
Jog Dial, simply and accurately control D16 parameters (i.e. increment and decrement gain for example). Target Edit therefore
enables the sound designer to concentrate on the critical aspects of
the audio system rather than the mental and physical process of
altering potentiometer values via stylus or mouse.
It is possible to control all switch states directly via the Frame Views
as mentioned in 6.1.2 Changing D16 module Parameters.
1.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
While using a “Virtual Desktop” system may seem unnecessarily complex (wireless
linking directly to the D16 would save an extra PC!) it provides inherent control
backup if the wireless link is lost for any reason during a performance. The hardwired PC is still controlling the D16 and may be stepped through programmed cues
by an assstant operator.
Revision DM2005-5
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6.1.7
Opening Target Edit
The function of Target Edit is to allow the operator to control any
fader or potentiometer parameter directly from the main Module and
Fader Frames within SAM. Therefore avoiding the need to delve
further into the system (i.e. opening Detail Views) in order to
change these parameters.
NOTE: The following instructions apply to using a mouse.
However, if using a stylus then the equivalent to a right-click of
the mouse is to briefly hold the stylus pen to the screen.
■ Move the mouse pointer over either the Module Frame or Fader
Frame.
■ Right-click the mouse and click on Target Edit. This will open
the Target Edit window.
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6.1.8
Using Target Edit to alter single potentiometer values.
■ Open the Target Edit window.
■ Select which potentiometer you want to alter and left-click the
mouse over it. The selected control will then be contained within
a red box.
■ The Target Edit window displays the Module name, Control
name and current Value.
Channel 4, Auxiliary 9 with a current Control Value of -65dB
■ Left-click on the - and + buttons to alter the potentiometer Value,
or press the + or - keys on your keyboard.
NOTE: These would be the keys that the previously mentioned
Jog Dial control found on Tablet PCs would be mapped to.
■ Check the Fine Adjustment box to enable parameter values to
change at a finer resolution.
■ To insert a specific value, left-click the mouse within the Value
field and enter the new value.
■ Left-click on the left/right arrows to change Module (channel)
number.
■ The Minimum button automatically reverts the Control Value to
its minimum setting.
■ The Clear All button clears all parameters from the Target Edit
window, leaving it blank.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
Revision DM2005-5
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6.1.9
Using Target Edit to alter fader values.
■ Open the Target Edit windown.
■ Select which fader you want to alter and left-click the mouse over
it. The fader will then be contained within a red box
■ The Target Edit window displays the Module name, Control
name and current Value.
Channel 5, Fader with a current Control Value of -infinity (i.e. closed)
■ Left-click on the - and + buttons to alter the fader Value.
■ Check the Fine Adjustment box to enable parameter values to
change at a finer resolution.
■ To insert a value, left-click the mouse within the Value field and
enter the new value.
■ Left-click on the left/right arrows to change Module (channel)
number.
■ The Minimum button automatically reverts the Control Value to
its minimum setting.
■ The Clear All button clears all parameters from the Target Edit
window, leaving it blank.
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6.1.10
Using Target Edit to alter multiple values.
With Target Edit it is possible to select and control multiple parameters simultaneously.
Examples are:
(GLW#PXOWLSOH#SDUDPHWHUV#ZLWKLQ#D#VLQJOH#0RGXOH1
(GLW#D#VLQJOH#SDUDPHWHU#RYHU#PXOWLSOH#0RGXOHV1
(GLW#PXOWLSOH#SDUDPHWHUV#RYHU#PXOWLSOH#0RGXOHV1#
■ Open the Target Edit window.
■ Select which parameters you want to alter and while holding
down the Shift key, left-click the mouse over them. It is possible
to select both potentiometers and faders. All selections will then
be contained within red boxes.
■ If the selection encompasses multiple modules of different types,
then the Module field will display Multiple.
■ If the selection encompasses multiple controls of difference
types, then the Control field will display Multiple.
■ If the selection encompasses mutiple different values then the
Value field will display Multiple.
■ Left-click on the - and + buttons to alter the parameter values.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
Revision DM2005-5
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■ Check the Fine Adjustment box to enable parameter values to
change at a finer resolution.
NOTE: When multiple controls of differing values are being
adjusted (Value field displays Multiple), each parameter value
is being adjusted relative to the number of times the - and +
buttons are being pressed. i.e. they maintain their individual
settings plus or minus their relative adjustment.
■ To insert a single value that will be set for all controls, left-click
the mouse within the Value field and enter the new value.
■ The Minimum button automatically reverts all controls to their
minimum setting.
■ The Clear All button clears all parameters from the Target Edit
window, leaving it blank.
6.1.11
Stereo Link
A stereo link facility is provided within SAM allowing D16 channels
to be linked if stereo sources are present, or if the D16 is configured
to provide a stereo output for example.
It is important to note that D16 channels and D16 faders can be
linked independently. This allows two channels to be linked for a
stereo source for example, whilst maintaining individual control over
left and right fader levels.
■ Move the mouse pointer over either the Module Frame or Fader
Frame depending on which you want to stereo link.
NOTE: Make sure that the mouse pointer is over one of the
modules that you want to link.
■ Right-click the mouse and click on Link Left or Link Right.
■ Choose Link Left to link the selected module with that to its left.
Likewise choose Link Right to link with the module that is to its
right.
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When linking channels a confirmation window will appear to warn
that parameters within the selected module will be copied to either
the module to the left or right.
■ Click OK to continue or Cancel to return to the main window.
A graphic link above the selected channels is then displayed within
the Module View window to indicate which channels are linked.
■ Repeat this procedure where necessary for stereo linking both
channel modules and fader modules.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
Revision DM2005-5
SPEC-1
D16 Specifications
Note: 0dBu = 0.775v rms without reference to impedance. Unless otherwise stated, all specifications given below apply
to the frequency range 20Hz to 20kHz. All noise measurements are rms, and made with a DIN audio band filter ( –3dB
points at 22Hz and 22kHz) in circuit.
Analogue inputs
Input Impedance:
Nominal Input Level:
Max. Input Level:
Reference:
CMRR:
A to D conversion:
Signal to Noise:
Dynamic Range:
THD:
Frequency Response:
Crosstalk:
10kohm (electronically balanced)
0dBu
+24dBu (balanced)
+10dBu (unbalanced)
+4dBu = –20dBfs
–85dB (50Hz - 10kHz)
24 bit 96kHz
-105dBu at zero gain
119dB, 20Hz to 20kHz unweighted
0.008%@1kHz, 10dB gain, +4dBu
5Hz to 80kHz: ±0dB
–80dB at 10kHz
Analogue Outputs
Impedance:
Nominal Load Impedance:
Nominal Output Level:
Max. Output Level:
Output Balance:
D to A conversion:
Dynamic Range:
THD:
Frequency Response:
Crosstalk:
Output Reference Level:
<100 ohm (balanced)
600 ohm
0 dBu
+24dBu into 600 ohm
–65dB (50Hz - 10kHz)
24 bit 96kHz
119dB, 20Hz to 20kHz unweighted
0.009%@1kHz, 10dB gain, +4dBu
5Hz to 65kHz: ±0dB
–80dB@10kHz
+4dBu = –20dBfs
Digital Processing
Internal Sampling Frequency:
Internal Processing:
Latency analogue in analogue out:
96kHz
32-bit floating point
<400µs
Line Level Gain:
±10dB Input Trim
–65 to +10dB Channel Fader
–75 to +10dB Matrix Send
–75 to +10dB Output Fader
Overall system frequency response at any analogue output: 5Hz to 45kHz (-3dB point)
Overall system noise at any analogue output:
–95dBu (input and output faders@0dB)
EQ Parameters
4 band parametric
LF
LMF
HMF
HF
all bands
Q
20Hz to 200Hz
60Hz to 600Hz
400Hz to 4.0kHz
1.5kHz to 15.0kHz
±18dB gain
1.0 to 3.0
HPF
LPF
14.0Hz to 400Hz
1.0kHz to 35.0kHz
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
SPEC-2
Dynamic Parameters
Gate
Attack
Release
Hold
Compressor
Attack
Release
Hold
Ratio
Knee
Threshold -70dBu to + 23dBu
100µs to 250ms
50ms to 2.6s
25ms to 4s
Makeup Gain
Threshold -70dBu to +23dBu
100µs to 250ms
50ms to 2.6s
25ms to 4s
1:5:1 to 20:1
Hard or Soft selectable
Peak or RMS selectable
0.0dB to +30.0dB
Delay
Adjustable DelayTime:
0ms to 400ms
Matrix Send Source Selection:
Memory Scenes:
Standalone:
Operating under SAM:
MIDI Control:
MIDI Input
Pre EQ
Post EQ (Pre Fader)
Post Fader
1
unlimited
MIDI Output
All D16 variables controllable in real-time, using SAM’s MIDI
Input mapping feature
Complete suite of MIDI functionality from SAM
General
Power Requirements
Power Consumption
Dimensions in mm (WxDxH)
Unit Weight
Average Shipping Weight
90 – 250VAC 50/60Hz
2A
430x400x3U
6.5kg (14lbs)
10kg (22lbs)
Detailed I/O audio connection specifications
Analogue Input
Analogue Output
Bus Link Analogue Output 1 to 16
PFL Bus
XLR3F, 37-way D-sub (pin-out to M16)
XLR3M
37-way D-sub* (pin-out to J-Type sub-groups)
1) Local Headphones (Z=50 ohm min.) on TRS jack
2) Console – 9-way D-sub. Line level output*
(with logic line control for CADAC consoles)
* These outputs provide balanced drive with an output Z=3k6ohm, suitable to drive CADAC console virtual earth mix
busses directly. They may be connected to high impedance (>10kohm) inputs if required, but will be subject to a small
signal loss (–3dB).
Connection specifications
Computer Interface
Control Interface
Power
EMC
Complies with
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
USB Type B downstream
RS485 on 15-way D-sub
3-pin IEC22
EN55103-1: Emissions
EN55103-2: Immunity
Revision DM2005-5
APP-1
Appendices
Connector wiring
D16: wiring for USB connector
3LQ#4=
12&
3LQ#5=
'$7$#.
3LQ#6=
'$7$#±
3LQ#7=
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+5607;8#5HPRWH#&RQWURO#,22,
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3LQ#6=
'$7$#0
3LQ#44=
'$7$#.
6KHOO=
&20021
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+,QSXW,
3LQ#4=
3LQ#53=
3LQ#5=
3LQ#54=
3LQ#6=
3LQ#55=
3LQ#7=
3LQ#56=
3LQ#8=
3LQ#57=
3LQ#9=
3LQ#58=
3LQ#:=
3LQ#59=
3LQ#;=
3LQ#5:=
3LQ#<=
3LQ#5;=
3LQ#43=
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3LQ#44=
3LQ#63=
3LQ#45=
3LQ#64=
3LQ#46=
3LQ#65=
3LQ#47=
3LQ#66=
3LQ#48=
3LQ#67=
3LQ#49=
3LQ#68=
Revision DM2005-5
,QSXW#4#$XGLR#.
,QSXW#4#$XGLR#±
,QSXW#5#$XGLR#.
,QSXW#5#$XGLR#±
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,QSXW#47#$XGLR#.
,QSXW#47#$XGLR#±
,QSXW#48#$XGLR#.
,QSXW#48#$XGLR#±
,QSXW#49#$XGLR#.
,QSXW#49#$XGLR#±
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-2
'49=#ZLULQJ#IRU#6:0ZD\#'0VXE#IHPDOH#FRQQHFWRU1
+%XV#2XWSXW,
This output incorporates 3k6 mix resistors designed to connect to a
Cadac console’s virtual earth mixing system. Note that the outputs
are also phase reversed in relation to the Input connector.
3LQ4=
3LQ#53=
3LQ5=
3LQ#54=
3LQ6=
3LQ#55=
3LQ7=
3LQ#56=
3LQ8=
3LQ#57=
3LQ#9=
3LQ#58=
3LQ:=
3LQ#59=
3LQ;=
3LQ#5:=
3LQ<=
3LQ#5;=
3LQ43=
3LQ#5<=
3LQ44=
3LQ#63=
3LQ45=
3LQ#64=
3LQ46=
3LQ#65=
3LQ47=
3LQ#66=
3LQ48=
3LQ#67=
3LQ49=
3LQ#68=
$XGLR#4#±
$XGLR#4.
$XGLR#5#±
$XGLR#5.
$XGLR#6#±
$XGLR#6.
$XGLR#7#±
$XGLR#7.
$XGLR#8#±
$XGLR#8.
$XGLR#9#±
$XGLR#9.
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$XGLR#:.
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$XGLR#46.
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+3)/#2XW,
3LQ#9=
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
$XGLR#.
$XGLR#±
3)/BGF
Revision DM2005-5
APP-3
'49=#ZLULQJ#IRU#;/506)#+/LQH#/HYHO#,QSXW,
3LQ#4=#&20021
3LQ#5=#$XGLR#.
3LQ#6=#$XGLR#±
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3LQ#4=#&20021
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3LQ#6=#$XGLR#±
Revision DM2005-5
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-4
,PSRUWDQW#QRWHV=
$OO#&$'$&#SURGXFWV#DUH#&RPPRQ#%RQGHG1#7KLV#LV#SDUW#RI#WKH#
GHVLJQ#SURFHGXUH#WR#HQVXUH#FRPSOLDQFH#ZLWK#WKH#(XURSHDQ#
(0&'#+(OHFWUR#0DJQHWLF#&RPSOLDQFH#'LUHFWLYH,=#%6(18843604#
+(PLVVLRQV,#DQG#%6(18843605#+,PPXQLW\,1
&RPPRQ#%RQGLQJ#PHDQV#D#VLQJOH#FRQGXFWLYH#VWUXFWXUH#IRU#DOO#
UHIHUHQFH/#VLJQDO#DQG#SRZHU#UHWXUQ#FXUUHQWV1
&20021# #6DIHW\#(DUWK/#*5281'/#39/#*1'#ERQGHG#WRJHWKHU1
$OO#µ'0VXE¶#FRQQHFWRUV#XVHG#IRU#H[WHUQDO#FRQQHFWLRQV#VKRXOG#
EH#SXUFKDVHG#ZLWK#D#FRQGXFWLYH#VKHOO#DQG#WKH#FDEOH#VKLHOG#
0867#EH#ERQGHG#WR#WKH#VKHOO1##
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
Revision DM2005-5
APP-5
D16 Default Parameters
Revision DM2005-5
All faders
All PFL
All Mutes
= 0.0dB
= OFF
= OFF
EQ
LP
HP
LF
LMF
HMF
HF
= OFF
= OFF
= OFF
= OFF
= OFF
= OFF
SENDS
= All “PRE OFF”
GATE
Attack
Release
Threshold
Hold
= OFF
= 0.0ms
= 50.0ms
= –79.1dB
= 25.0ms
COMPRESSOR
Attack
Release
Threshold
Hold
Ratio
Make up gain
= Peak, Hard, Off
= 0.0ms
= 50.0ms
= 23.3dB
= 25.0ms
= 1.0:1
= 0.0dB
Trim
Phase Invert
MIC Gain
= 0.0dB
= OFF
= 10.0dB
PAD = OFF
Delay
= OFF
0.0ms
35kHz
14Hz
20Hz
60Hz
400Hz
1.5kHz
0.0dB
0.0dB
0.0dB
0.0dB
1.0Q
1.0Q
1.0Q
1.0Q
0.0dB
+48v = OFF
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-6
CADAC USB ReProgramming Utility
CADAC will, from time to time, release firmware updates for the D16
in order to improve performance and enhance facilities.
Your local CADAC distributor will keep you informed when such updates are available.
The following sections explains how to install the new firmware into
the D16 using the USB ReProgramming Utility.
Before any update can take place, it is important to make sure that
neither SAM Configuration nor Sound Automation Manager is running on the system. If either of these applications is active, then it
must be closed.
NOTE: Prior to updating the D16 Flash Memory with new
firmware, it is important to make sure that ALL Windows applications are closed.
When SAM is running, it takes control of the USB port and retains
control even when the application has been closed. It is therefore important to make sure that control over the USB is released, in order
for the reprogramming application to operate correctly.
Releasing the SamUSB port
On the Windows taskbar, right-click on the SamUSB icon and click
on Exit. This releases the USB Port.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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APP-7
Running the Sam ReProgramming Utility
Make sure that the D16 is switched on and the USB cable is connected to both computer and D16.
■ Click on the Start button on the Windows Taskbar.
■ Select All Programs > Sound Automation Manager > USB
ReProgramming Utility.
The reprogramming application SamFlasher will open.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-8
SamFlasher will interrogate the USB port and display which devices
are attached. In this case it will be the D16.
Details of the D16 will be displayed, giving Unit ID, Unit Description,
Unit Serial Number and currently installed firmware version.
To install the new firmware version, first highlight the unit that requires updating by clicking over the Unit ID number. This will highlight the unit and display the unit serial number within the File box.
Click on the Load File button and select the path to allow SamFlasher to locate the update program.
The file will follow the naming format below and has a .bin extension:
D16_Vxxx.bin (where xxx represents the firmware version.
NOTE: The file can either be received from your local distributor, or downloaded via the Sound Check Zone on the CADAC
website (www.cadac-sound.com)
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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APP-9
Once selected, the file details will be displayed in the File box, giving
file description, file size and date of release.
With the file location specified and the desired unit for firmware update highlighted, left-click on the START button. This will initiate reprogramming of the firmware.
IMPORTANT: WHEN UPDATING FIRMWARE, DO NOT RUN ANY
OTHER PROGRAMS, ALSO DO NOT REMOVE POWER OR ANY
CONNECTIONS, OTHERWISE THE FIRMWARE UPDATE WILL
BE INTERRUPTED AND THE D16 MAY NO LONGER OPERATE.
IF THIS HAPPENS, THE UNIT WILL NEED TO BE RETURNED TO
CADAC OR YOUR LOCAL DISTRIBUTOR.
Once the D16 has been successfully updated, the unit will reboot itself and after several seconds USB communications will be re-enabled. SamFlasher will then display the new installed firmware
version.
Further confirmation can be obtained by viewing the firmware version via the D16 front panel menu, see 4.2 System Menu.
Repeat this process for any additional D16 units.
Click OK to close the program.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-10
F16 DC Master Assignment Interface Unit
The F16 is a simple 1U rack mount unit designed to interface the
analogue voltages of a Cadac console’s DC Master faders to the
digital control environment of the D16. An additional feature of the
F16 enables D16 integration with select third-party consoles or custom built third-party control interfaces.
NOTE: The F16 is shipped from the factory with rubber feet
mounted on the underside of the chassis. These are fixed to
the chassis via adhesive and can be removed if necessary.
Removal is a simple process of peeling the feet off of the base
of the F16.
Input Range
Cadac
The Cadac input setting is optimised for connecting to the DC Masters of a Cadac console. The voltage ranges from -0.33v when the
fader is at +10dB to 0V when the fader is at 0dB. At -20dB the voltage is +0.66v and >+4v when the fader is at infinity.
G.P.
The G.P. (General Purpose) input setting is intended for third-party
and custom build control interfaces. It expects a voltage that varies
from 0v to +5v with +4.5v corresponding to 0dB. This may be
changed by using the Calibrate function.
Calibration
In each mode the 0dB point may be calibrated for extra accuracy, as
follows:
■ Make sure the unit is set to the required input mode (Cadac or
G.P.) and is connected to the console, or other control device.
■ Switch the F16 unit OFF.
■ Switch ON the F16 whilst pressing in the INPUT button. The
INPUT LED should flash.
■ Release the INPUT button and set all DC Master faders to 0dB.
■ Press and release the INPUT button. The INPUT LED should
stop flashing. The unit is now calibrated, removing any residual
dc offsets due to component tolerances and cabling.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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APP-11
Operating Modes
Master
The Master mode enables the F16 to connect directly to one, or
more, D16 units without the need to enumerate communications
addresses.
NOTE: The Comms and Error LEDs do not operate in Master
Mode.
Slave
This mode is not implemented.
Connectors
The rear panel is equipped with the following connectors:
XLR Male and Female
These connectors provide the Cadac RS-485 communications bus
on XLR connectors. They are labelled RS485 to indicate that they
are NOT audio connections.
Remote Control
This 15-way female ‘D’ type connector provides the same RS485
communications bus as found on the XLR connectors described
above. The XLR and ‘D’ type connectors are wired in parallel.
The pins used are:
Pins 1,2,9 and 10
Pin 11
Pin 3
Ground
Comms+
Comms-
NOTE: Cadac can supply cables (cost option) to enable multiple D16s to daisy-chain directly to the F16 Remote Control ‘D’
type connector. Please contact your nearest Cadac distributor
for further information.
WARNING: Do not attach wires to any other pins as their function in the D16 may be reserved by Cadac and may carry inappropriate voltages.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-12
Fader Bus and Data Bus A Connections
These two 25-way female ‘D’ type connectors are designed to plug
directly onto the identically named connectors on the back of a Cadac
J-Type console where they gain access to the DC Voltages generated
by the console’s DC Master faders and other logic functions.
NOTE: Only voltage control has been implemented at this time and
therefore it is only necessary to connect the Fader Bus to the console.
NOTE: Other Cadac consoles can also connect directly to the
Fader Bus connector and Cadac can supply suitable cables for
this purpose (cost option.) Please contact your nearest Cadac
distributor for further information.
Other control devices may be used if they are wired to these connectors in an appropriate way and if they generate suitable control
voltages (see Input Range)
F16 Fader Bus Connector Wiring
Pin 1
GND
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
Pin 9
Pin 10
Pin 11
Pin 12
Pin 13
Pin 18
Pin 19
Pin 20
Pin 21
Pin 22
Pin 23
Pin 24
Pin 25
DC Input 161
DC Input 7
DC Input 6
DC Input 5
DC Input 4
DC Input 3
DC Input 2
DC Input 1
DC Input 8
DC Input 9
DC Input 10
DC Input 11
DC Input 12
DC Input 13
DC Input 14
DC Input 15
Other pins on the Fader Bus connector and the DATA Bus A connector are reserved for future use by Cadac.
NOTE: Cadac Electronics PLC is not responsible for any damage caused to the F16, or any other piece of equipment, if
incorrect voltage levels are applied to these connectors.
1.
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
This pin is “not-connected” on the Cadac J-Type but it is included here for compatibility with the Cadac R-Type console, which has 16 DC Master faders, and with
third-party units that provide 16 control faders.
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APP-13
F16 Software Version
To check the software version of the F16 press and hold the MODE
button for 3 seconds. Both the MASTER and SLAVE LEDs will flash
and the Fader Open LEDS will display a 16-bit binary number.
Software versions are usually defined as a number such as V1.23
where the pre-decimal point digit(s) are incremented for major
changes to the software and the post-decimal digits are incremented for minor changes to the software.
The Fader Open LEDs 9-16 represent the pre-decimal point digits
and LEDs 1-8 show the post-decimal point digitals. If the software is
a BETA test version then Open LED 16 will be illuminated. BETA
software should only be used with express permission from Cadac
or their authorised distributor.
The following illustration shows how V1.23 would appear.
Press the MODE button again to exit the Version Display Mode and
return to normal operation.
NOTE: The initial pressing of the INPUT button to enter this
mode may change the Communications Mode from MASTER to
SLAVE or vice versa. Make sure the unit is operating in the correct style after exiting from the Version Display Mode.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
APP-14
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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WARRANTY-1
Warranty
Dear Customer,
We thank you for having purchased this CADAC product and hope
you will have many years of service from it.
Your CADAC product is warranted for a period of 12 months from the
date of original purchase to be free from defects in material and
workmanship. In the event that the product proves defective and requires service within the 12 month warranty period, CADAC, or its
appointed distributor will, without charge for labour or parts, repair or
(at CADAC’s discretion) replace the product or its defective parts
within the terms and conditions set out below.
Conditions
The warranty is valid only at the premises of the manufacturer, or the
authorised distributor, and is provided on a pre-paid RTB (return to
base) basis.
This warranty will not reimburse nor cover damage sustained as a
result of modification that have been made to the product without the
prior written consent of CADAC.
The warranty does NOT cover any of the following:
■ Transport costs and all risks of transport relating directly and
indirectly.
■ Damage resulting from misuse, including but not limited to:
a) failure to use the product for its normal purpose or in accordance with instructions detailed in the User manual.
b) installation or use of the product in a manner inconsistent with
national technical and safety standards in force.
c) improper or incorrect installation of software.
■ Repair made by the customer himself or a non-authorised repair
company.
■ Accidents, lightning, water, fire or improper ventilation or any
cause beyond the control of CADAC.
■ Defects in the system into which this product is incorporated.
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
WARRANTY-2
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
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INDEX-1
Index
Numerics
40x2 Menu Display 3-1
4-Band Fully Parametric Equaliser
4-16
A
AC mains connection 2-1
AC mains voltage 2-1
Analogue Line Level Input Connectors 3-2
Analogue Line Level Output Connectors 3-2
Analogue Outputs 3-3
Audio Connections 3-3
Automated Operation 5-1
B
BackLight 4-6
Bus Output Connector
3-2
C
Chan 4-13
Changing D16 Fader Parameters 6-10
Changing D16 module Parameters 6-8
Changing the fuse 1-1
Channel LED indicators 3-4
Channel Number 3-1
Channel Parameters 4-15
Channel Reset 4-14
Cleaning 2-1
Compressor 4-19
Attack 4-19
Gain 4-20
Hold 4-19
Ratio 4-19
Release 4-19
Threshold 4-19
Computer Display Resolution 6-5
Computer Requirements 5-1
Configuring SAM Setup 5-9
Connecting the PC to the D16 5-6
Connecting up your D16 3-3
Connector wiring APP-1
Console View 6-4
D
Declaration of conformity vii
Default Parameters APP-5
Delay 4-20
Detail View 6-9
Dynamics 4-18
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
INDEX-2
E
Edit 4-2
Edit Menu 4-13
Edit Menu Controls 4-13
Electromagnetic compatibility
EQ Section 4-15
vii
F
F16
APP-10–APP-13
Calibration APP-10
Fader Bus Connection APP-12
Master Mode APP-11
RS-485 commuications APP-11
Slave Mode APP-11
Software Version APP-13
Fader Bank Control 4-11, 4-12
Fader Frame 6-4, 6-6
Faders Menu 4-9
Frequency selection 4-15
Front panel 3-1
Front panel menu navigation 4-1
Fuse 1-1
Replacing 1-1
Type 1-1
G
Gate 4-18
Attack 4-18
Hold 4-18
Release 4-18
Threshold 4-18
Global Update of parameters
Ground Stud 3-2
6-11
H
Headphone Level Control 3-1
Headphone Socket 3-1
Headphones 3-5
High and Low Pass Filters 4-15
I
Important Safety Instructions
Input Gain Control 4-20
Inputs 3-3
Installation 2-1
Installing SAM 5-1
Installing the USB driver 5-6
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
1-1
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INDEX-3
L
Levels 4-2
Levels Menu 4-7
Loading the first CUE
6-3
M
Mains 1-1
Cable 1-1
Fuse 3-2
Fuse (Changing) 1-1
Inlet 3-2
Power 3-3
Power On LED 3-1
Switch 3-1
mains 1-1
Menu Buttons 3-1
Menu Display Overview. 4-2
Menu Navigation 4-1
Menu Parameters 4-1
Module Frame 6-4
Mute Switch 3-1
Mute switch 3-4
N
Next
4-1
O
Operation with a Cadac console
Operational considerations 2-1
Options 4-2
Options Menu 4-5
5-15
P
Packaging 2-1
Parallel Input Connector 3-2
Param 4-13
PFL Bus Connector 3-2
PFL Hold 4-5
PFL Switch 3-1, 3-4
PFL switch 3-4
Power On 3-4
Previous 4-1
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D16 Digital Mix Matrix
INDEX-4
R
Rack mount frame 2-1
Rear panel 3-2
Remote Control Connector 3-2
Remote Indicator 3-1
Return 4-1
Root Menu display 4-2
Running SAM with a D16 6-1
Running the Sam ReProgramming Utility
APP-7
S
Safety checklist 1-2
Safety Notice 1-2
Sends to Main outputs 4-17
Servicing 1-2
Set 4-17
Set Control 4-13
Set rotary encoder with push switch
Signal Overload Indicator 3-1
Signal Path 4-5
Signal Path Selection 4-5
Signal Present Indicator 3-1
Source selection 4-17
Stereo Link 6-19
System 4-2
System Menu 4-3
System Reset 4-14
3-1
T
Tablet PC 6-14
Target Edit 6-14
U
Unit ID 5-11
Unpacking 2-1
Updating a fader level 6-13
Updating a switch and potentiometer
USB
Indicator 3-1
Port 3-2
ReProgramming Utility APP-6
6-11, 6-16
V
Virtual Desktop
D16 Digital Mix Matrix
6-14
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