1642VLZ4
16-Channel 4-Bus Compact Mixer
OWNER’S MANUAL
STEREO
PLUG
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC
AVIS: RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE — NE PAS OUVRIR
INSERT ONLY INTO THE
"FIRST CLICK"
FOR USE AS AN EFFECTS LOOP
(TIP= SEND, RING= RETURN)
DIRECT OUT WITH SIGNAL
INTERRUPTION TO MASTER
DIRECT OUT WITH NO SIGNAL
INTERRUPTION TO MASTER
100VAC
120VAC
REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE FUSE AND RATING.
DISCONNECT SUPPLY CORD BEFORE CHANGING FUSE
REVISION
SERIAL NUMBER
SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR
MOISTURE. DO NOT REMOVE COVER. NO USER SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
MONO PLUG
MONO PLUG
INSERT ALL THE WAY IN TO
THE "SECOND CLICK"
TIP OUT TO EFFECTS DEVICE
RING RETURN FROM EFFECTS
UTILISE UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
DEBRANCHER AVANT DE REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
240VAC
AUX SENDS
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES FOR THE U.S. AND THE ICES-003 FOR
CANADA. OPERATION IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING TWO CONDITIONS: (1) THIS DEVICE MAY
NOT CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE, AND (2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE
RECEIVED, INCLUDING INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
1
BALANCED
100-120V: 1A/250 V SLO-BLO
220-240V: 0.5A/250 V SLO-BLO
POWER
ON
MAIN
BAL / UNBAL
+4
MIC
BAL / UNBAL
2
MONO
PHANTOM
ON
DIRECT OUTS
BAL / UNBAL
MAIN LEFT
3
MAIN INSERT
BAL / UNBAL
7
CR OUT
TIP SEND
RING RETURN
U
8
4
6
5
4
3
4
1
3
SUBGROUP OUTS
BAL / UNBAL
1
STEREO RETURNS
BAL / UNBAL
1
2
2
BAL / UNBAL
2
3
4
MAIN RIGHT
BALANCED
MAIN
OUT
LEVEL
LEVEL
L
L
L
R
R
R
+6
L
5
6
7
8
L
L
MONO
MONO
MONO
R
R
R
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE REPLACE WITH CORRECT
TYPE FUSE. REMOVE POWER CORD BEFORE CHANGING VOLTAGE.
MIC 1
MIC 2
ONYX MIC PRE
MIC 3
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
MIC 4
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
MIC 5
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
MIC 6
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
MIC 7
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
MIC 8
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
MIC 9-10
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
BAL /
UNBAL
ONYX MIC PRE
BAL /
UNBAL
BAL /
UNBAL
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 5
LINE IN 6
LINE IN 7
LINE IN 8
INSERT
INSERT
INSERT
INSERT
INSERT
INSERT
INSERT
INSERT
GAIN
GAIN
1
30
U
U
-20dB
20
60
+40dB
GAIN
2
30
U
40
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
20
60
+40dB
40
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
GAIN
3
30
U
40
60
+40dB
40
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
GAIN
4
30
U
20
60
+40dB
40
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
GAIN
5
30
U
20
60
+40dB
40
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
GAIN
6
30
U
20
60
+40dB
40
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
60
+40dB
U
-20dB
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
30
20
40
U
60
+40dB
AUX
30
20
60
U
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
40
R
R
60
-20
PHONES
15
16
U
+20
-20
STEREO RETURNS
AUX MASTERS
LINE GAIN
13
14
U
B
LINE IN 15-16
LINE GAIN
11
12
A
MONO
LINE IN 13-14
MIC GAIN
9
10
L
MONO
U
U
1
+20
+10
LOW CUT
75 Hz
AUX
U
AUX
U
AUX
U
AUX
U
U
1
+15
+15
U
+15
+15
+15
U
U
U
3
U
4
4
+15
U
HI
12k
+15
-15
+15
U
-15
MID
-15
800
-15
800
2k
U
-15
800
200
2k
100
U
-15
-15
800
200
2k
100
U
+15
-15
-15
800
200
2k
100
U
+15
-15
-15
800
200
2k
100
U
-15
200
-15
2k
100
U
-15
800
-15
800
200
2k
100
U
-15
U
200
U
+15
-15
U
-15
8k
U
U
U
-15
U
-15
U
LEFT RIGHT
0 dB=0 dBu
+20
MAX
PHONES
TAPE IN
20
-15
U
10
7
MAX
+15
CONTROL ROOM
HI
MID
2.5k
-15
U
-15
U
2
0
2
TAPE
MAX
+15
7
SUBS 1-2
SUBS 3-4
AFL
PFL
LOW
80Hz
+15
-15
+15
PAN
L
R
L
1
5
dB
10
-20
5
1-2
40
50
60
OO
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
dB
10
-20
5
1-2
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
1-2
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
L
dB
10
-20
5
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
LEFT
LEFT
RIGHT
RIGHT
4
8
3
7
2
6
MAIN
MIX
OL
dB
10
dB
10
dB
10
dB
10
dB
10
-20
5
5
5
5
5
U
U
U
U
U
5
5
5
5
5
10
10
10
10
10
SOLO
5
20
3-4
LEFT
RIGHT
1
5
U
1-2
LEFT
RIGHT
R
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
RUDE SOLO
+15
15-16
5
20
3-4
R
U
20
30
BAL
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
13-14
5
20
3-4
R
U
1-2
+15
BAL
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
11-12
5
20
3-4
R
U
SOLO
10
+15
BAL
MUTE
OL
5
1-2
-15
9-10
U
20
3-4
L
R
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
+15
BAL
8
5
20
3-4
R
U
1-2
-15
+15
PAN
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
7
5
20
3-4
R
U
1-2
+15
PAN
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
6
U
20
3-4
R
5
1-2
+15
PAN
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
5
5
20
3-4
R
U
1-2
+15
PAN
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
4
5
20
3-4
R
U
1-2
+15
PAN
MUTE
OL
SOLO
10
-15
3
5
20
30
L
U
SOLO
5
10
R
MUTE
OL
U
+15
PAN
2
MUTE
dB
10
-15
PAN
10
LEVEL
SET
MODE
+15
LOW
80Hz
4
SOLO
LOW
MID
400Hz
+15
4
TO LR
MAIN MIX
-15
RETURNS
SOLO
HI
12k
+15
LOW
80Hz
CR / PH
ONLY
4
LOW
MID
400Hz
+15
LOW
80Hz
+20
1-2
3-4
U
EQ
HI
MID
2.5k
-15
PWR
+15
U
+15
LOW
MID
400Hz
+15
LOW
80Hz
-15
+15
LOW
MID
400Hz
2k
100
LOW
80Hz
U
48V
+15
HI
12k
HI
MID
2.5k
+15
FREQ
8k
-15
TO LR
TO SUBS
4
SOLO
4
EQ
HI
12k
+15
U
+15
U
ASSIGN OPTIONS
+20
U
3
+15
4
EQ
U
HI
MID
2.5k
+15
U
+15
EQ
MID
+15
LOW
80Hz
U
U
3
+15
HI
12k
+15
FREQ
8k
LOW
80Hz
U
U
4
+15
U
HI
12k
+15
FREQ
8k
LOW
80Hz
U
U
U
3
SOLO
2
PRE
3
+15
4
EQ
U
MID
+15
FREQ
8k
LOW
80Hz
U
U
HI
12k
MID
+15
FREQ
8k
LOW
80Hz
U
+15
+15
EQ
U
HI
12k
MID
+15
FREQ
8k
LOW
80Hz
+15
U
+15
EQ
U
HI
12k
MID
+15
FREQ
8k
U
MID
+15
FREQ
100
-15
+15
4
+15
EQ
U
HI
12k
+15
U
MID
+15
200
HI
12k
U
4
+15
EQ
U
+15
4
+15
EQ
U
U
U
+15
+15
PRE
3
3
2
+20
1
2
+15
PRE
U
3
U
2
+15
PRE
U
3
+15
4
+15
EQ
U
U
+15
+15
PRE
U
3
+15
4
+15
EQ
HI
12k
-15
U
+15
TO AUX
TO
LR
2
2
+15
U
2
+15
U
1
+15
U
2
2
PRE
U
3
+15
U
+15
1
+15
U
U
2
PRE
U
3
+15
U
+15
1
+15
+15
U
2
PRE
U
3
+15
U
+15
1
1
+15
U
2
PRE
1
+15
U
2
PRE
1
+15
U
2
PRE
1
+15
U
2
PRE
1
+15
U
2
U
1
1
+20
+10
1
TO AUX
TO
LR
1
U
LOW CUT
75 Hz
U
40
12V
0.5A
BAL /
UNBAL
L
LINE IN 11-12
MIC GAIN
8
30
U
20
R
R
LINE IN 9 -10
GAIN
7
30
U
20
UNBAL
R
MONO
R
20
L
UNBAL
L
MONO
TAPE
OUT
L
BAL /
UNBAL
L
LINE IN 1
TAPE
IN
MIC 11-12
ONYX MIC PRE
10
1-2
20
3-4
30
LR
40
50
60
OO
20
20
20
20
20
3-4
30
30
30
30
30
LR
40
50
60
40
50
60
40
50
60
40
50
60
40
50
60
OO
OO
OO
OO
OO
1642VLZ4
Important Safety Instructions
1. Read these instructions. 2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with a dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers,
stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type
plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other.
A grounding-type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong.
The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for
replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10.Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at
plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the
apparatus.
11.Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12.Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or
PORTABLE CART
WARNING
table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with
the apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution
when moving the cart/apparatus combination to
avoid injury from tip-over.
13.Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or
when unused for long periods of time.
14.Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required
when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as powersupply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or
moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
15.This apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping or splashing, and no
object filled with liquids, such as vases or beer glasses, shall be placed
on the apparatus.
16.Do not overload wall outlets and extension cords as this can result in a
risk of fire or electric shock.
17.This apparatus has been designed with Class-I construction and must
be connected to a mains socket outlet with a protective earthing connection (the third grounding prong).
18.This apparatus has been equipped with a rocker-style AC mains power
switch. This switch is located on the rear panel and should remain
readily accessible to the user.
19.The MAINS plug or an appliance coupler is used as the disconnect
device, so the disconnect device shall remain readily operable.
CAUTION
AVIS
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK. DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE. NE PAS OUVRIR
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
ATTENTION: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE, NE PAS ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE.
AUCUN ENTRETIEN DE PIECES INTERIEURES PAR L'USAGER.
CONFIER L'ENTRETIEN AU PERSONNEL QUALIFIE.
AVIS: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES D'INCENDIE OU D'ELECTROCUTION, N'EXPOSEZ PAS CET ARTICLE
A LA PLUIE OU A L'HUMIDITE
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral triangle is
intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated "dangerous
voltage" within the product's enclosure, that may be of sufficient magnitude
to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
Le symbole éclair avec point de flèche à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral
est utilisé pour alerter l'utilisateur de la présence à l'intérieur du coffret de
"voltage dangereux" non isolé d'ampleur suffisante pour constituer un risque
d'éléctrocution.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the
user of the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing)
instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Le point d'exclamation à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral est employé
pour alerter les utilisateurs de la présence d'instructions importantes pour le
fonctionnement et l'entretien (service) dans le livret d'instruction
accompagnant l'appareil.
2
1642VLZ4
20.NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur
in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the
receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for
help.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly
approved by LOUD Technologies Inc. could void the user's authority to
operate the equipment under FCC rules.
21.This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B (whichever is
applicable) limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as
set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department
of Communications.
ATTENTION — Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux appareils
numériques de class A/de class B (selon le cas) prescrites dans le
réglement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par les ministere des
communications du Canada.
22.Exposure to extremely high noise levels may cause permanent hearing
loss. Individuals vary considerably in susceptibility to noise-induced
hearing loss, but nearly everyone will lose some hearing if exposed to
sufficiently intense noise for a period of time. The U.S. Government’s
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has specified
the permissible noise level exposures shown in the following chart.
According to OSHA, any exposure in excess of these permissible limits
could result in some hearing loss. To ensure against potentially dangerous exposure to high sound pressure levels, it is recommended
that all persons exposed to equipment capable of producing high
sound pressure levels use hearing protectors while the equipment
is in operation. Ear plugs or protectors in the ear canals or over the
ears must be worn when operating the equipment in order to prevent
permanent hearing loss if exposure is in excess of the limits set forth
here:
Duration,
per day in
hours
8
6
4
3
2
1.5
1
Sound Level
dBA, Slow
Response
90
92
95
97
100
102
105
0.5
110
0.25 or less 115
Typical Example
Duo in small club
Subway Train
Very loud classical music
Matt screaming at Troy about
deadlines
Loudest parts at a rock concert
WARNING — To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not
expose this apparatus to rain or moisture.
Correct disposal of this product. This symbol indicates that this product should not be disposed of with your household waste, according to the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) and your national law. This product
should be handed over to an authorized collection site for recycling waste electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). Improper handling of this type of waste could have a possible negative impact on the environment and
human health due to potentially hazardous substances that are generally associated with EEE. At the same time, your cooperation in the correct disposal of this product will contribute to the effective usage of natural
resources. For more information about where you can drop off your waste equipment for recycling, please contact your local city office, waste authority, or your household waste disposal service.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS......................... 2
CONTENTS............................................................... 3
FEATURES / INTRODUCTION.................................... 4
GETTING STARTED.................................................... 5
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS............................................... 6
PATCHBAY DESCRIPTION
EZ INTERFACE........................................... 8
MIC AND LINE INPUT FLEXIBILITY.............. 8
1. MIC INS.................................................... 8
PHANTOM POWER ................................... 8
2. LINE INS................................................... 9
3.GAIN ....................................................... 9
4.INSERT..................................................... 9
5. DIRECT OUTS (ON REAR PANEL)............... 10
RECORDING............................................ 10
DOUBLE BUSING..................................... 10
6. AUX SENDS............................................. 11
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR PARALLEL?............... 11
7. STEREO RETURN INPUTS......................... 11
8. SUB OUTS .............................................. 11
9. CONTROL ROOM OUTPUTS...................... 11
10. PHONES OUT.......................................... 11
11. TAPE OUT............................................... 12
12. TAPE IN.................................................. 12
13. MAIN INSERT.......................................... 12
14. MAIN OUTS ........................................... 12
15. MONO OUT............................................ 12
16. MONO LEVEL.......................................... 13
17. VOLTAGE SELECTOR................................. 13
18. POWER CONNECTION.............................. 13
19.FUSE....................................................... 13
20. POWER SWITCH...................................... 13
21. POWER LED............................................ 13
22. PHANTOM SWITCH................................. 13
23. 48V LED................................................. 13
24. BNC LAMP SOCKET.................................. 13
Please write your serial number here for future
reference (i.e., insurance claims, tech support,
return authorization, make dad proud, etc.)
Purchased at:
Date of purchase:
Part No. SW0973 Rev. A 06/13
©2013 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Are your teeth really so-brilliantly-white that you can't stand it?
Do all the popular kids giggle as you walk past on the beach? Me too.
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CHANNEL STRIP DESCRIPTION
25. CHANNEL FADER..................................... 14
26. ASSIGN (1–2, 3–4, L/R)......................... 14
27.SOLO...................................................... 14
28. –20 (SOLO) LED...................................... 15
29. OL (MUTE) LED........................................ 15
30.MUTE..................................................... 15
31.PAN....................................................... 15
STEREO SOURCES.................................... 15
CONSTANT LOUDNESS ! ! !....................... 16
32. 3-BAND MID-SWEEP EQ.......................... 16
33. 4-BAND FIXED-FREQUENCY EQ................ 17
34. LOW CUT ............................................... 17
35. AUX 1, 2, 3, & 4..................................... 17
36.PRE........................................................ 17
OUTPUT SECTION DESCRIPTION
37. MAIN MIX FADER.................................... 18
38. SUBGROUP FADERS................................ 18
39. ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX............................. 18
40. TAPE IN (LEVEL)...................................... 19
41. TAPE TO MAIN MIX................................. 19
42. CONTROL ROOM SOURCE ....................... 19
43. CONTROL ROOM AND PHONES................ 19
44. MODE (SOLO AFL/PFL)............................ 20
45. LEVEL SET LED......................................... 20
46. SOLO (LEVEL).......................................... 20
47. RUDE SOLO LIGHT................................... 20
48.METERS.................................................. 20
METERS VS. REALITY............................... 21
AUX DISCUSSION.................................... 21
49. AUX SENDS (MASTER)............................. 21
50. AUX SENDS SOLO AND LED..................... 22
51. STEREO RETURNS (LEVEL)........................ 22
52. TO AUX 1 AND TO AUX 2........................ 22
53. MAIN MIX TO SUBS (FOR RETURN 3)....... 22
54. 1–2/3–4 (FOR RETURN 3)...................... 22
55. CR/PH ONLY (FOR RETURN 4)................. 23
56. RETURNS SOLO AND LED......................... 23
APPENDIX A: SERVICE INFORMATION..................... 24
APPENDIX B: CONNECTIONS.................................. 24
APPENDIX C: TECHNICAL INFORMATION................. 28
SPECIFICATIONS.............................................. 28
BLOCK DIAGRAM............................................. 29
TRACK SHEET.................................................. 30
1642VLZ4 LIMITED WARRANTY............................. 31
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Owner’s Manual
Owner’s Manual
Contents
3
1642VLZ4
Features
Introduction
• 16-channel mixer featuring our signature
high-headroom, low-noise design
• 10 boutique-quality Onyx mic preamps
• Ultra-wide 60 dB gain range
• 128.5 dB dynamic range
• +22 dBu line input handling
• Extended frequency response
• Distortion under 0.0007% (20 Hz - 50 kHz)
• Improved RF rejection, perfect for broadcast
applications
• Phantom power for condenser mics
• 16 high-headroom line inputs with
+4/–10 operation control
• 3-band EQ (80 Hz, 2.5 kHz, 12kHz)
• 18 dB/oct 75 Hz low-cut filter on mic input
channels
• Four aux sends, level, pan and PFL solo
on each channel
• Four stereo returns for connecting
FX processor or other stereo source
• 60 mm long-wearing log-taper faders
• ALT 3/4 stereo bus for added routing flexibility
• Control room / phones source matrix
The 16-channel 1642VLZ4 delivers the proven
performance of Onyx preamps in a compact 4-bus
mixer design, perfect for bands, clubs and more.
From every input to every output, the 1642VLZ4 is
designed to provide the highest headroom and lowest
noise possible for maximum signal integrity.
Plus, it is truly “Built-Like-A-Tank” with a ridiculously
rugged solid-steel chasis that includes high-contrast
controls for ultimate tactile control.
And with features like an expanded return section for
no-hassle system integration, plus a dedicated control
room section, the 1642VLZ4 is the go-to mixer choice
for any application that demands flexibility and
professional performance.
How To Use This Manual
After the introduction, a getting started guide will
help you get things set up fast. These are followed by
hookup diagrams which show some typical setups.
Next is a ­detailed tour of the entire mixer.
The descriptions are divided into sections, just
as your mixer is ­organized into distinct zones:
• High-resolution 12-segment stereo meters
• Patchbay
• Sealed rotary control resist dust and grime
• Channel Strip
• “Built-Like-A-Tank” rugged steel chassis with
powder-coat finish
• Output Section
• High-visibility, high-contrast controls deliver
convenient “at-a-glance” visual feedback
• Rack-mountable design using optional
rack ear kit
• Multi-voltage power supply for worldwide use
Throughout these sections you’ll find illustrations
with each feature numbered and described in nearby
paragraphs.
This icon marks infor­mation that is critically
­important or unique to the mixer. For your own
good, read them and remember them.
This icon will lead you to some explanations
of ­features and practical tips. They usually
have some valuable nuggets of information.
Need help with your mixer?
• Visit www.720trees.com and click Support to find: FAQs, manuals and other useful information.
• Email us at: techmail@loudtechinc.com.
• Telephone 1-800-898-3211 to speak with one of our splendid technical support chaps
(Monday through Friday, normal business hours, Pacific Time).
4
1642VLZ4
We realize that you must be really keen to try out
the mixer. Please read the safety instructions on page
2, then have a look through some of the features and
details in this manual.
Setup
Set the levels
It’s not even necessary to hear what you’re doing to
set optimal levels. But if you’d like to: Plug headphones
into the phones output jack, then turn up the
CR/phones knob just a little.
1. Turn on the mixer by pressing the top edge of
the power switch.
2. For one channel, press the solo switch in.
Use the mixer in a nice clean and dry environment,
free from dryer lint and dust bunnies.
3. Engage the mode switch in the master
section. A green level set light will turn on.
Zero the controls
4. Play something into that input at real-world
levels.
1. Fully turn down all the knobs and faders
to minimum, except for the channel EQ
and pan controls, which should be centered.
2. Make sure all buttons are in the out position.
Connections
1. Make sure the AC power switch is off before
making any connections.
WARNING: Before plugging the AC power
cord into the mixer, make sure the VOLTAGE
SELECTOR switch is set to the same voltage
as the local AC mains supply (see page 13).
2. Push the linecord securely into the IEC connector on the rear panel, and plug it into a
­3-prong AC outlet. The mixer may accept any AC voltage ranging from 100 VAC to 240 VAC.
3. Plug a balanced microphone into one of the mic
XLR (3-pin) connectors. Or connect any line-level signal (keyboard, or guitar preamp)
to a line input jack using a TS or a TRS 1/4" plug.
4. If your microphone requires phantom power,
turn on the 48V phantom power button.
5. Channels 1-8 have insert jacks that can be used
to connect an external effects or dynamics
processor into the signal chain.
6. Connect the XLR or TRS 1/4" main outputs
of the mixer to the line level inputs of your
amplifier (with speakers already attached)
or to the line level inputs of powered speakers.
Owner’s Manual
Getting Started
5. Adjust that channel's gain control until the
left main meter stays around the 0 dB LED
(marked “level set”) and never goes higher
than “+7.”
6. Disengage the channel's solo switch.
7. Repeat steps 2 to 6 for the remaining channels.
8. Turn up the channel fader to the “U” mark.
9. Slowly turn up the main mix fader until you
hear the signals in the headphones.
10. If needed, apply some channel EQ wisely.
11. Adjust the channel faders to get the best mix.
Keep the gain controls and levels fully down
on unused channels.
12. During the performance, if you notice a channel
OL LED turning on during peaks, carefully turn
down that channel's gain control until OL does
not turn on.
Things to Remember
• Never listen to loud music for prolonged
periods. Please see the Safety Instructions on
page 2 for information on hearing protection.
• Always turn down the main mix fader and
control room/phones knob down when making
connections to the mixer. Better yet, turn off
the power.
• When shutting down, turn off any power amplifiers or powered speakers first. When powering up, turn them on last. This will
reduce the chance of turn-on or turn-off
thumps.
• Save the shipping box!
Owner’s Manual
5
1642VLZ4
Hookup Diagrams
Vocal
mics
Synth
Drum microphones
Stereo Tape Deck
Stereo Guitar Effects
Stereo Guitar Effects
Headphones
Laptop
Stereo Compressor
Headphone amp
Stereo Compressor
and Stereo EQ
Multi-track
Digital Recorder
Digital Reverb
MR8mk3
studio monitors
Digital Delay
The rhythm and lead guitars play through stereo effects processors plugged into the line inputs
of channels 1 and 2. Microphones are connected to the mic inputs of channels 3-10 with a vocal
compressor connected to the channel 3-4 insert jacks. [Drums are mic'd on channels 5-10].
A bass guitar is connected to the line input of channel 15, while a synth is connected to the stereo
line inputs of channels 15-16.
A stereo compressor and stereo graphic EQ are connected to the L/R main inserts. Digital reverb and
delay processors are connected to aux sends 1 and 2, with the aux sends set to post-level. Effects are
added to the main mix via the stereo return inputs, and adjusted with the stereo return level control.
There are a multitude of recording possibilities geared for both analog purists and digital hounds.
There are three examples listed here, but feel free to experiment! (1) the RCA tape inputs and outputs
are connected to a stereo tape deck. It's an easy way to get a stereo recording of the entire band,
as well as listening to playback (over tape), (2) the eight direct outputs are connected to the eight
inputs of a multi-track digital recorder, and (3) the eight subgroup outs are connected to the laptop.
Again, there are many choices for recording. Do what works for you and your setup!
A pair of MR8mk3 studio monitors are connected to the control room outputs to listen to playback
of your latest masterpiece.
Recording System
6
1642VLZ4
Synth
Drum microphones
Laptop
Stereo Guitar Effects
Headphones
Owner’s Manual
Vocal
mics
Stereo Guitar Effects
Stereo Compressor
Digital Reverb
DLM8 loudspeakers
Digital Delay
DLM8 Stage Monitors
Stereo Compressor
and Stereo EQ
DLM12S subwoofers
Stereo EQ
The rhythm and lead guitars play through stereo effects processors plugged into the line inputs
of channels 1 and 2. Microphones are connected to the mic inputs of channels 3-10 with a vocal
compressor connected to the channel 3-4 insert jacks. [Drums are mic'd on channels 5-10].
A bass guitar is connected to the line input of channel 15, while a synth is connected to the stereo
line inputs of channels 15-16.
A stereo compressor and stereo graphic EQ are connected to the L/R main inserts. The XLR L/R main
outs connect to a stereo graphic EQ before connecting to a pair of DLM12S powered subwoofers which
are connected to a pair of DLM8 powered loudspeakers to please your audience.
Digital reverb and delay processors are connected to aux sends 1 and 2, with the aux sends set to
post-level. Effects are added to the main mix via the stereo return inputs, and adjusted with the stereo
return level control. Aux sends 3 and 4 are connected to DLM8 powered loudspeakers, used as stage
monitors to please the band.
The RCA tape inputs and outputs are connected to a laptop. It's an easy way to get a stereo recording
of the live show for posterity and crank your featured playlist over the PA between bands.
Live Stereo PA System
Owner’s Manual
7
1642VLZ4
Patchbay Description
1
2
4
3
At the risk of stating the obvious, this is where you
plug everything in: microphones, line-level ­instruments
and effects, and the ultimate destination for your sound:
PA system, DAW, etc. Many of the features described in
this section are on top of the mixer, but some are on the
rear panel.
See Appendix B for further details and drawings of
the connectors you can use with the 1642VLZ4. Also see
the channel strip description on page 14 for details of
the signal routing from the XLR and line inputs.
EZ Interface
Concerned about levels, balancing, impedances,
polarity, or other interface goblins? Don’t be. On the
1642VLZ4, you can patch anything almost anywhere,
with nary a care. Here’s why:
• Every input and output is balanced ­(except
inserts, phones and RCA jacks).
• Every input and output will also accept
unbalanced lines (except XLR jacks).
• Every input is designed to accept virtually any
output impedance.
• The main left and right mix outputs can deliver
28 dBu into as low as a 600 ohm load.
• All the other outputs can deliver 22 dBu into
as low as a 600 ohm load.
• All the outputs are in phase with the inputs.
All we ask is that you perform the level-­setting procedure on page 5, every time you patch in a new sound
source. So stop worrying and start mixing!
Mic And Line Input Flexibility
Channels 1-8 are mono channels with mic [1]
and line [2] inputs, featuring our Onyx mic preamps.
Channels 9-10 and 11-12 are stereo pairs with left and
right line inputs and a single mic input feeding each
pair. Channels 13-14 and 15-16 are stereo pairs with
line inputs only.
8
1642VLZ4
1. Mic Ins
This is a female XLR connector that accepts a balanced mic or line level input from almost any type
of source. These Onyx mic preamps feature higher
fidelity and headroom rivaling any standalone mic
preamp on the market today. These circuits are­
­excellent at rejecting hum and noise.
The XLR inputs are wired as follows:
Pin 1 = Shield or ground
Pin 2 = Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = Negative (– or cold)
Professional ribbon, dynamic, and condenser mics all
sound excellent through these inputs. The mic/line inputs will handle any kind of level you can toss at
them, without overloading.
Not every instrument is made to connect directly to
a mixer. Guitars commonly need a Direct Injection (DI)
box to connect to the mixer's mic inputs. These boxes
convert unbalanced line-level signals from your guitar,
into balanced mic-level outputs, and provide signal and
impedance matching. They also let you send your gifted
guitar renditions over long cables or audio snakes,
with minimum interference or high-frequency signal
loss. Ask your dealer or guitar maker about their
recommendations for a good DI box.
Phantom Power
Most modern professional condenser mics are
equipped for phantom power, which lets the mixer
send low-current DC voltage to the mic’s electronics
through the same wires that carry audio. (Semi-pro
condenser mics often have batteries to accomplish the
same thing.) “Phantom” owes its name to an ability to
be “unseen” by dynamic mics (Shure SM57/SM58, for
instance), which don’t need ­external power and aren’t
affected by it anyway.
The 1642VLZ4’s phantom power is globally ­controlled
by the phantom [22] switch on the rear panel.
(This means the phantom power for all channels
is turned on and off together.)
The GAIN controls for stereo channels 9-10 and 11-12
are only used to adjust the Mic inputs. The line inputs
are set to unity gain.
Do not plug instrument outputs into the
mic input jacks with phantom power on
­unless you know for certain it is safe to do so.
The GAIN controls for channels 13-14 and 15-16 only
adjust the line-level inputs, as they have no Mic inputs.
2. Line Ins
These 1/4" jacks share circuitry (but not phantom
power) with the mic preamps, and can be driven by
balanced or unbalanced sources at ­almost any level.
You can use these inputs for virtually any signal you’ll
come across, from instrument levels as low as –50 dB to
operating levels of –10 dBV to +4 dBu, as there is 45 dB
of gain available via the gain [3] knob. Note that
channels 1-8 line inputs are intially attenuated by
15 dB. Always make sure to perform the level setting
procedure on page 5.
To learn how signals are routed from these inputs,
see the details lovingly described in the channel strip
section.
To connect balanced lines to these inputs, use
a 1⁄4" Tip-Ring-Sleeve (TRS) plug, wired as follows:
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Ring = Negative (– or cold)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
To connect unbalanced lines to these ­inputs,
use a 1⁄4" mono (TS) phone plug, wired as follows:
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
4. Insert
Found only on channels 1–8, these unbalanced 1/4"
jacks are for connecting serial ­effects processors such
as compressors, equalizers,
de-essers, or filters. The insert point is after the gain
[3] control, but before the channel’s EQ [32], low cut
[34], fader [25] and mute [30] controls. Insert cables
must be wired thusly:
Owner’s Manual
Never plug ­­single-ended (unbalanced)
micro­phones, or ribbon mics into the mic
input jacks if the phantom power is on.
Tip = send (output to effects device)
Ring = return (input from effects device)
Sleeve = common ground
tip
ring
SEND to processor
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
RETURN from processor
tip
ring
Even though channels 1–8 already have ­direct out [5]
jacks , insert jacks can also be used as channel direct
outputs; post-gain, pre-low cut, and pre-EQ. See the
connector section on page 27 showing three ways to use
insert cables.
3. Gain
3
These controls are not in the patchbay, but
they are the top row of knobs in the channel strip
section. (They are so vitally linked with the inputs,
this seemed like a good place to describe them.)
If you haven’t already, please read the level-setting
procedure on page 5.
Gain adjusts the input sensitivity of
the mic and line inputs. This allows
signals from the outside world to be
adjusted to optimal internal operating
levels.
If the signal originates through the XLR jack, there
will be 0 dB of gain with the knob fully down, ramping
to 60 dB of gain fully up.
Through the 1⁄4" input, there is 20 dB of ­attenuation
fully down and 40 dB of gain fully up, with a “U” (unity
gain) mark at 10:00. This 20 dB of ­attenuation can be
very handy when you are ­inserting a very hot signal, or
when you want to add a lot of EQ gain, or both. Without
this ­“virtual pad,” this ­scenario might lead to channel
clipping.
Owner’s Manual
9
1642VLZ4
6
5
9
7
5. Direct Outs
Double Busing
Found only on channels 1–8, these balanced 1/4"
jacks deliver the signal from the very end of the channel
path; post-gain [3], post-EQ [32], post-low cut [34],
post-fader [25], and post-mute [30]. Use these for
recording, making the 1642VLZ4 perfect for an 8-track
­studio.
How on earth do you get four jacks to feed eight
tracks? To feed an 8-track deck with only four sub outs,
simply use four Y-cords:
Recording
When recording, you use the first two channels for
your sound sources: vocal mics, drum mics, keyboard/
synth outputs, guitar ­effects outputs, that sort of thing.
From there, the channels manipulate the sound, but
are not assigned to the output section. Instead, they’re
patched from the channel’s direct out [5] jacks to any
of your 8 multitrack inputs. This allows recording of
two tracks at a time. By reconnecting the direct outs
to the different tape inputs, you can record to all of
the 8 tracks.
Once the tracking is completed, the outputs of the
multitrack are then patched to channels 3-12 line [2]
inputs on the 1642VLZ4 (multitrack out 1 to line input
3, 2 to 4, 3 to 5, etc.). These channels (3–12) will be
assigned to the mixer’s output section, delivering the
signals to their ultimate destination, which may be a
mixdown 2-track, control room system, or headphones.
But let’s not forget that the 1642VLZ4 is a ­4-bus mixer.
These buses lead to the sub ­outs [8], and are designed
to accomplish the task of getting channels to the
multitrack without using the direct outputs.
For example, a channel is assigned to sub out 1.
Sub out 1’s output is patched to multitrack input 1.
From there, the multitrack output goes to the mixer’s
channel 3 line input, as we just discussed.
10
8
1642VLZ4
• Sub Out 1 feeds tracks 1 and 5
• Sub Out 2 feeds tracks 2 and 6
• Sub Out 3 feeds tracks 3 and 7
• Sub Out 4 feeds tracks 4 and 8
Tracks in record mode will accept the signal, and
tracks in safe mode will ignore the signal. It’s that easy.
This method is exactly the same as the
double-­busing feature found in other mixers.
Built-in double-busing is nothing more than
Y-cords living inside the mixer instead of hanging out
the back. Sonically, there is no ­difference.
The advantages: You can assign any channel to any
track, without repatching. You can assign multiple channels to one track and control the overall level of that
subgroup. You can’t bounce tracks without this feature.
By returning the outputs of the effects processors to
13/14 (EFX A) and 15/16 (EFX B), you can choose to
record or monitor with effects.
Perhaps the best recording method is a combination
of both approaches: Use the sub outs to feed
multichannel submixes (like a drum kit) to some
of the tracks, and the ­direct out jacks to feed singlechannel signals (like bass guitar) to the other tracks.
The point is that you never listen directly to the
source channels. You listen to the monitor channels
(3–12) and they’re listening to the multitrack that is
listening to the source channels. The main advantage
is that you won’t be forced to constantly repatch your
multitrack — just set it up and forget it. You’ll also
know for certain that the signals are indeed getting to
the multitrack, since you’re constantly listening to it.
Another method of interfacing a multitrack is called
in-line monitoring which requires a dedicated mixing
console. Each of its channels is actually two channels:
one carrying the mic/line sound source and the other
carrying the multitrack output.
6. Aux Send Outs
These 1/4" jacks usually patch to the inputs of
a parallel effects devices or to the inputs of stage
monitor amps. To learn how signals are routed to
these outputs, see the Aux discussion on page 21.
Effects: Serial Or Parallel?
You’ve heard us carelessly toss around the terms
“serial” and “parallel.” Here’s what we mean by them:
“Serial” means that the entire signal leaves the mixer
[insert send], is routed through the effects device, and
returns to the mixer [insert return]. Examples: compressor/limiters, graphic equalizers. Line-level sources
can also be patched through a serial effects device
before or after the mixer.
Insert
Send
Processed
Processed
Signal
Signal
“Parallel” means that a portion of the signal in the
Aux
Aux
Output
Aux (aux send),
Output
mixer isSend
tapped off to the device
processed
Insert
Insert
Return
Section
Return
Section
Send to the mixer (stereo
Return return) to be mixed
and returned
Signal Processor
Signal
Processor
(e.g.,
Reverb)
Signal
Wetway,
Signalmultiple
with
the original(e.g.,
“dry”
signal. ThisWet
Compressor)
Processed
Dry Signal
Signal
channels can all make use of the same effects ­device.
Mix
Processed
Mix
Processed
Stage
Signal
Stage
Signal
Examples: reverb,
digital
Channel
Path delay.
Dry Signal(s)
Aux
Send
Aux
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Reverb)
Dry
Dry Signal(s)
Signal(s)
9. CR Outs (Control Room Outputs)
These 1/4" jacks are usually patched to the inputs of
a control room amplifier or a headphone distribution
amplifier. To learn how signals are routed to these
outputs, see ctl room/phones [43].
10. Phones Out (On Front Panel)
The 1642VLZ4’s stereo 1/4" phones jack will
drive any standard headphone to very loud levels.
To learn how signals are routed to these outputs, see
CR/phones [43] on page 19. If you’re wiring your own
cable for the phones output:
Output
Section
Tip = left channel
Ring = right channel
Sleeve = common ground
WARNING: When we say the headphone
amp is loud, we’re not kidding. It can cause
permanent ear damage. Even intermediate
levels may be painfully loud with some earphones.
BE CAREFUL! Always turn the CR/phones [43] knob
all the way down before connecting headphones. Keep it
down until you’ve put the phones on. Then turn it up
slowly. Why? ­“Engineers who fry their ears find themselves with short careers.”
Wet Signal
Mix
Stage
Channel Path
Dry Signal(s)
These four 1/4" jacks are usually patched to
the inputs of a multitrack deck, or to secondary
amplifiers in a complex installation. To learn how
signals are routed to these outputs, see subgroup
faders [38], page 18. (See also the discussion on double
busing on the previous page.)
Insert
Insert
Return
Return
Processor
Signal Processor
Compressor)
(e.g., Compressor)
Dry Signal
8. Sub Outs
Owner’s Manual
Y-cord advice: Do not use the stereo “headphone-toleft/right” splitter adapters. Use the type that send the
same signal to two places; the tip of the source plug
feeds the tips of both destination plugs.
Processed
Signal
11
Dry Signal(s)
7. Stereo Returns
This is where to connect the outputs of parallel
effects devices (or extra audio sources). There are
four stereo returns. They’ll accept just about any pro
or semipro ­effects device on the market. To learn how
signals are routed from these inputs, see stereo return
level [51] on page 22.
Mono: If you have an effects device with a mono
output (one cord), plug that into the left input of
a stereo return and leave the right input unplugged.
That way, the signal will be sent to both sides,
magically appearing in the center as a mono signal.
10
11. Tape Out
These unbalanced RCA jacks tap the main mix
outputs to make simultaneous recording and PA work
more convenient. Connect these to your 2-track
recorder’s inputs. To learn how signals are routed
to these outputs, see main mix [37] fader details
on page 18.
Mono: If you want to feed a mono signal to your tape
deck or other device, simply use the 1/4" mono [15]
output jack.
Owner’s Manual
11
1642VLZ4
17
12
16
18
19
14 15 14 13
12. Tape In
14. Main Outs
These unbalanced RCA jacks are designed to work
with semipro as well as pro recorders. Connect your
2-track tape recorder’s outputs here, using standard hi-fi
RCA cables. To learn how signals are routed from these
inputs, see tape in (level) [40] on page 19.
Two sets of jacks are provided for the main outputs:
1/4" TRS jacks and XLR jacks. These are usually patched
to the ­inputs of your 2-track mixdown deck (unless
you’ve chosen to use the tape output [11] RCA jacks),
or to the house amplifier during live sound ­sessions.
Use these jacks for convenient playback of mixes.
You’ll be able to review a mix, and then ­rewind and try
another pass without ­­repatching or disturbing the mixer
levels. You can also use these jacks with a CD player
to feed ­music to a PA system ­between sets.
In addition, the XLR main outs have a switch
to match the signal level to the input of the device
you're connecting them to. Push the switch in to reduce
the output by 40 dB, so you can feed the mic input
of another mixer, for example. Leave the switch out
to connect to professional +4 dBu devices. To learn
how signals are routed to these outputs, see page 18,
main mix fader [37].
WARNING: Pushing tape to main mix [41]
in the output section can create a feedback
path between tape input and tape output.
Make sure your tape deck is not in record, record-pause
or input monitor mode when you engage this switch,
or make sure the tape in level knob is fully counterclockwise (off).
13. Main Insert
These 1/4" jacks are for connecting serial ­effects such
as compressors, equalizers, de-essers, or filters. The
insert point is ­after the mix amps, but before the main
mix fader. Insert cables must be wired thusly:
Tip = send (output to effects device)
Ring = return (input from effects device)
Sleeve = common ground
tip
ring
SEND to processor
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
12
20 22
1642VLZ4
RETURN from processor
tip
ring
To use these outputs to drive balanced inputs,
connect 1/4" TRS (Tip-Ring-Sleeve) phone plugs
like this:
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Ring = Negative (– or cold)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
To use these outputs to drive unbalanced ­inputs,
connect 1/4" TS (Tip-Sleeve) phone plugs like this:
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
15. Mono Out
It happens to everybody sooner or later: The forces
that govern your world will demand a monaural
output from your painstakingly-­created stereo
panorama. The last thing you want to do is start
twirling all your carefully-placed pan settings to one
side. What to do? Stick a cord in this 1/4" jack, hand
the other end to Mr. Mono, and you’re done. He’s got
his mono mix and you’ve still got your stereo mix.
The mono output is nothing more than a mix of
the left and right main mix.
If Mr. Mono's main mono mix is maxed, just reach for
this knob and turn it down a bit. Just the thing for sending mono signals to mic inputs like camcorders, telephone interface boxes, even answering machines. With
the pot all the way up (fully clockwise), you’ll have6 dB
of extra gain, and unity gain is at the 12 o'clock position.
17. Voltage Selector
WARNING: Before you plug the AC power
cord into the 1642VLZ4, you must make sure
that this slide switch is set to the same
voltage as the local AC mains supply. Only slide
the voltage switch with the power cord unplugged.
Use a flat headed screwdriver to slide the switch
if needed. The switch allows you to use the mixer in
different countries and voltages, meet interesting
people from other cultures, and entertain them.
18. Power Connection
Just in case you lose the cord provided with the
1642VLZ4, its power jack accepts a standard ­3-prong
IEC cord like those found on most professional
recorders, musical instruments, and computers.
WARNING: Before you plug the AC power
cord into the 1642VLZ4, you must make sure
that the voltage selector [17] slide switch is
set to the same voltage as the local AC mains supply.
WARNING: Disconnecting the plug’s ground
pin can be dangerous. Don’t do it.
19. Fuse
The 1642VLZ4 is fused for your (and its own)
protection. If you suspect a blown fuse, disconnect
the power cord, pop out the fuse drawer with a small
flat screwdriver, and replace the fuse with a 1A SLO
BLO, 5x20mm, available at electronics stores or
your dealer (or a 500 mA SLO BLO 5x20 mm if
your 1642VLZ4 is set to 220V-240V).
If two fuses blow in a row, something is very wrong.
Please call our toll-free number 1-800-898-3211 from
within the U.S. (or call the distributor in your country)
and find out what to do.
20. Power Switch
Press the top of this rocker switch inwards to turn
on the mixer. The power led [21] on the top surface
of the mixer will glow with happiness, or at least it
will if you have the mixer plugged in to a suitable
live AC mains supply.
Press the bottom of this switch to put the mixer into
standby mode. It will not function, but the circuits are
still live. To remove AC power, either turn off the AC
mains supply, or unplug the power cord from the mixer
and the AC mains supply.
As a general guide, you should turn the mixer on
first, before the power amplifier or powered speakers,
and turn it off last. This will reduce the possibilities
of any turn-on, or turn-off thumps in the speakers.
21. Power LED
You’ve probably already
figured this out, but if the
power [20] switch is on, this
LED (light-emitting diode),
located in the output section,
will light. If the switch is off,
well, you get the idea. If the
power switch is on and the
LED does not glow, one of
three things has happened:
Somebody tripped over the
power cord and yanked
it from the outlet, your
electricity has been turned
off due to nonpayment, or
the fuse has blown.
24
23
Owner’s Manual
16. Mono Level
21
22. Phantom Switch
This switch controls the phantom power supply
for all the mic inputs, as discussed on page 8.
When turned on (or off), the phantom power circuitry
takes a few moments for voltage to ramp up (or down).
This is perfectly normal. Make sure that you pull down
the master fader, and headphone/control room volume
before engaging the phantom switch.
23. 48V LED
This is just to let you know which way you have the
phantom [22] switch set. If your dynamic mics work
and your condensers don’t, chances are this LED is off,
so turn the phantom switch on.
You’ll notice that when you turn the phantom
power off, the LED stays on for a while. This is
a natural phenomenon — the LED is actually a
voltmeter telling you that the phantom power takes
time to ramp itself down to zero volts. So, if you’ve
turned phantom power off to connect something to
the mic inputs, wait until the LED stops glowing and
then make your connections safely.
24. BNC Lamp Socket
Located in the top right corner of the output
section, this 12V socket will drive any standard
BNC-type lamp (a Littlite® #12G or #12G-HI
(high-intensity), for instance).
Owner’s Manual
13
1642VLZ4
Channel Strip Description
There are eight mono, and four stereo channel strips.
Many of the functions are identical for the mono and
stereo channels. We’ll start at the bottom and work our
way up, pointing out the differences as we go along.
“U” Like Unity Gain
VLZ4 mixers have a “U” symbol on almost every level
control. This “U” stands for “unity gain,” meaning no
change in signal level. Once you have performed the
level-setting procedure , you can set every control at “U”
and your signals will travel through the mixer at optimal
levels. What’s more, all the labels on our controls are
measured in decibels (dB), so you’ll know what you’re
doing level-wise if you choose to change a control’s settings.
25. Channel Fader
The fader is almost the last control
in a channel’s signal path. It’s placed
after the EQ [32] and mute [30]
controls (post-EQ /post-mute) and
before the pan [31]control (pre-pan).
The “U” mark, about three-quarters of
the way up, ­indicates unity gain,
meaning no increase or decrease of
signal level. All the way up provides
an additional 10 dB, should you need
to boost a section of a song. If you
find that the overall level is too quiet
or too loud with a fader near unity,
you’ll want to confirm the setting by
performing the level-setting procedure
on page 5.
A Clean Fade
31
30
25
29
28
27
26
14
1642VLZ4
Faders are not rocket ­science — they
operate by dragging a metal pin (the
wiper) across a carbon-based strip
(the track). It is possible for airborne
crud to land on the track. Should
that happen, you may hear scratchy
noises or signal dropouts as the wiper
stumbles over the crud. Do all you
can to keep airborne crud out of your
profession. Use air conditioned rooms
whenever possible, avoid smoking near
the mixer, keep food and drink away
from the mixer, and for pity’s sake,
never put the mixer in your kitchen!
We also recommend “exercising” the
faders — give them a walk up and
down once a week or so, and that will
help scare the crud away. We do not
recommend spray cleaners.
26. Assign (1–2, 3–4, L–R)
Alongside each channel fader are four buttons,
labeled solo, 1–2, 3–4 and L/R. The latter three are
collectively referred to as channel assignment switches.
1, 3 and L are the left sides of these stereo pairs, and
2, 4 and R are the right sides. Used in conjunction with
the channel’s pan [31] knob, these switches determine
the destination of a channel’s signal: With pan set at
the center detent, the left and right sides receive equal
signal ­levels. To feed only one side or the other, just turn
the pan knob accordingly.
If you’re doing a mixdown to a 2-track, simply engage
the L/R switch on each channel that you want to hear,
and they’ll be sent to the main mix. If you want to create
a subgroup of certain channels, engage either the 1–2
or 3–4 switches instead of the L/R, and they’ll be sent
to the appropriate subgroup faders. From there, the
subgroups can be sent back to the main mix, allowing
you to use the subgroup faders as a master control for
those channels.
If you’re printing new tracks or bouncing existing
ones, you’ll also use the 1–2 and 3–4 switches, but
not the L/R switch. Here, you don’t want the subgroups
sent back into the main mix, but sent out, via the
sub outs [8] jacks, to your multitrack inputs.
However, if you’re printing tracks via the ­direct
out [5] jacks, all the channel assignment switches
should be disengaged (up).
The 1642VLZ4 is what we call a “true 4-bus mixer.”
Each channel may be assigned or unassigned to any of
the subgroups without affecting the other subgroups
or settings within the channel, and each subgroup has
its own master fader and dedicated output. In fact,
since there are 4 subgroups and the main L/R mix,
it’s actually a true 6-bus mixer.
27. Solo
This lovable switch allows you to check ­signals in
the phones or control room without having to assign
them to the L/R, 1-2 or 3-4 mixes. You can solo as
many channels as you like. Solo does not interrupt
any of the other channels, buses or outputs — that’s
called nondestructive solo.
Using the mode [44] switch, the 1642VLZ4’s solo
system comes in two flavors: AFL (sometimes called SIP,
or solo-in-place) and PFL (pre-fader-listen). The mode
switch is described in tender loving detail on page 21.
In a nutshell, soloed channels are sent to the source [42] mix, that ultimately feeds your control room,
headphones and meter display. Whenever solo is
engaged, all source selections (main mix, 1–2, 3–4,
and tape) are defeated, to allow the soloed ­channel
to do just that — solo!
28. –20 (Solo) LED
An LED that does two completely different things!
This saves space, but requires some explanation.
First, the “–20” part: Often referred to as “signal
activity,” this LED will flicker in time with the signal
present in that channel. It’s handy for confirming that
a channel is indeed active, and may also lend a clue
as to what the signal is. For instance, a kick drum will
cause the LED to pulse in time with the drum, and
a synth pad will cause it to glow a bit more steadily.
Now for the “solo” part: When a channel’s solo [27]
switch is engaged, this LED will glow steadily. It will
also be brighter than it would be as a –20 indicator.
In conjunction with the rude solo light [47], you can
find a rogue solo switch very quickly.
29. OL (Mute) LED
Another LED that does two different things!
First, the “OL” part: “OL” means overload, or clip. You
don’t want that to happen. Ever. Clipping can happen
to any mixer — it’s the point where the signal’s voltage tries to exceed the supply voltages that power the
circuitry. This OL LED will come on just before clipping,
so if you see it, take immediate action: Perform the
level-setting procedure. If that doesn’t help, check for
excessive use of EQ boost or fader gain. Like the –20
LED, it will flicker in time with that channel’s signal.
Now for the “mute” part. Assuming your levels are set
correctly, the OL LED will never come on as a result of
clipping. That’s pretty boring. So, to liven things up, this
LED will glow steadily when that channel’s mute switch
is engaged.
Here is a quick reference to these LEDs:
Name
Color
Flickering
30. Mute
Engaging this switch provides the same results
as turning the channel's fader all the way down:
Any channel assignment to L-R, 1-2 or 3-4 will be
interrupted. All the post aux sends will be silenced,
as will the ­direct out signals on channels 1 through 8,
and the OL (mute) LED will glow. The pre aux sends,
channel insert send, and solo (in level set (PFL) mode)
will ­continue to function during mute.
Depending on the audio content in a channel,
engaging its mute switch may cause a slight popping
sound. This is not a problem within the mixer, and it
can be avoided: Simply engage the low cut [34] switch
on each channel (unless its low frequency content is
vitally important, such as a kick drum or bass guitar).
Low cut eliminates subsonic debris, which causes the
pop, and its effect is usually transparent.
Owner’s Manual
Level set (PFL) taps the channel signal before
the fader. If you have a channel’s fader set way
below “U” (unity gain), solo won’t know that
and will send a unity gain signal to the control room,
headphones, and meter display. That may result in
a startling level boost at these outputs, depending
on the ­position of the solo [46] level knob.
31. Pan
Pan adjusts the amount of channel signal sent
to the left versus the right outputs. Pan determines
the fate of the L/R assignment, subgroups 1–2 and 3–4,
and the solo [27] (in AFL mode).
With the pan knob hard left, the channel signal will
feed the left main mix, subgroup 1, subgroup 3 and left
(AFL) solo mode (assuming their assignment switches
are engaged).
With the knob hard right, the channel signal feeds
the right main mix, subgroup 2, subgroup 4 and right
(AFL) solo mode.
With the pan knob set somewhere in-between left
and right, the signal will be divided between the left
and right buses.
The pan knob behaves a little differently for the
stereo channel strips. Since there is a left and right
input on these channels, the pan knob controls the
relative balance between the left and right sides, just
like the balance control on your stereo system at home.
Stereo Sources
Use channels 9-16 to connect stereo sound sources.
If you must use the mono channel strips (1-8) for stereo
sources, follow this standard convention: Always plug
the left signal into an “odd” channel (1, 3, 5, etc.) and
the right signal into the adjacent “even” channel (2, 4, 6,
etc.). Then pan the odd channel hard left and the even
channel hard right.
Glowing
–20 (SOLO)
green
signal present
channel soloed
OL (MUTE)
red
channel clipping
channel muted
Owner’s Manual
15
1642VLZ4
Constant Loudness ! ! !
The 1642VLZ4’s pan controls employ a design
called “Constant Loudness.” It has nothing to
do with living next to a freeway. As you turn
the pan knob from left to right (thereby causing the
sound to move from the left to the center to the right),
the sound will appear to remain at the same volume
(or loudness).
If you have a channel panned hard left (or right) and
reading 0 dB, it must dip down about 4 dB on the left
(or right) when panned center. To do otherwise, like
those Brand X mixers, would make the sound appear
much louder when panned center.
Most of the root and lower harmonics that define a
sound are located in the 100 Hz–8 kHz frequency range,
and you can create drastic changes with these two
knobs. Many engineers use mid EQ to cut midrange
frequencies, not boost them. One popular trick is to
set the mid fully up, turn the frequency knob until
you find a point where it sounds just terrible, then
back the mid down into the cut range, causing those
terrible frequencies to disappear. Sounds silly, but
it works. Sometimes.
The hi EQ provides you up
to 15 dB boost or cut above
12 kHz, and it is also flat
0
at the detent. Use it to add
sizzle to cymbals, an overall
sense of transparency, or an
edge to keyboards, vocals,
guitar and bacon frying. Turn it down a little to reduce
sibilance or to mask tape hiss.
+15
+10
+5
–5
32. 3-Band Mid-Sweep EQ
–10
–15
The eight mono channels have a 3-band,
mid-sweep equalization: low shelving at 80
Hz, mid sweep peaking from 100 Hz to 8 kHz,
and hi shelving at 12 kHz. It’s probably all the
EQ you’ll ever need! (Shelving means that the
circuitry boosts or cuts all frequencies past
the specified frequency. For example, the
1642VLZ4’s low EQ boosts bass frequencies
below 80 Hz and continuing down to the
lowest note you never heard. Peaking means
that certain frequencies form a “hill” around
the center frequency.)
34
The low EQ
provides up to 15 dB
boost or cut below
0
80 Hz. The circuit is
flat (no boost
or cut) at the center
detent position. This frequency
represents the punch in bass drums, bass
guitar, fat synth patches, and some really
serious male singers who eat broken glass for
breakfast.
+15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
With too much EQ, you can screw things up royally.
We’ve designed a lot of boost and cut into each equalizer
circuit because we love you, and know that everyone
will occasionally need that. But if you max the EQ on
every channel, you’ll get mix mush. Equalize subtly and
use the left sides of the knobs (cut), as well as the right
(boost). If you find yourself repeatedly using full boost
or cut, consider altering the sound source, such
as placing a mic differently, trying a different kind of
mic, changing the strings, or gargling.
+10
+5
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
32
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Used in conjunction with the low cut [34]
switch, you can boost the low EQ without
injecting a ton of subsonic debris into the
mix. We recommend using the low cut feature
on all channels, except low frequency signals,
like kick drums and bass guitars.
The mid EQ , or “midrange,” has a fixed bandwidth of
1 octave. The mid knob sets the amount of boost or cut,
up to 15 dB, and is effectively bypassed at the center
detent. The frequency knob sets the center frequency,
sweepable from 100 Hz to 8 kHz.
+15
+15
+10
+10
+5
+5
0
0
–5
–5
–10
–10
–15
–15
20Hz
16
100Hz
1642VLZ4
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
33. 4-Band Fixed-Frequency EQ
The stereo channels (9-16) have a 4-band,
fixed-frequency equalization: low shelving at 80 Hz,
low mid peaking at 400 Hz, hi mid peaking at 2.5 kHz,
and hi shelving at 12 kHz.
Each of these filters provides up to 15 dB of boost
or cut. As with the mono channels, the circuit is flat
(no boost or cut) at the center detent positions.
The low cut switch (not present on channels 13-16),
often referred to as a high pass filter, cuts bass frequencies below 75 Hz at a rate of 18 dB per octave. This ain’t
no thrown-in dime-store filter — an 18 dB per octave
curve requires an elaborate circuit. Nothing but the best
for you.
We recommend that you use this on every sound
source except kick drum, bass guitar, or bassy synth
patches. These aside, there isn’t much down there that
you want to hear, and filtering it out makes the low stuff
you do want much more crisp and tasty. Not only that,
but low cut can help reduce the possibility of feedback
in live situations, and it helps to conserve amplifier
power.
With low cut, you can safely boost low EQ. Many
times, bass shelving EQ can really benefit voices.
Trouble is, adding low EQ also boosts the subsonic
debris: Stage rumble, mic handling clunks, wind noise
and breath pops. Low cut removes all that debris so you
can boost the low EQ without blowing your subwoofers.
Here’s a frequency curve of low EQ combined with
low cut:
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Aux sends can also be used to
generate separate mixes for recording
or “mix-minuses” for broadcast.
By using aux 1 or 2 in the pre [35]
mode, these mix levels can be obtained
independently of a channel’s fader [25]
settings.
These four knobs tap a portion of each channel’s
signal, mix them together and send them to the aux
send [6] outputs. They are off when turned fully down,
deliver unity gain at the center detent, and can provide
up to 15 dB of gain turned fully up. Chances are you’ll
never need this extra gain, but it’s nice to know it’s
there if you do.
The aux send outputs are then patched to parallel
effects processor inputs or stage monitor amp inputs.
Aux sends 1 and 2 levels are controlled not only by the
channel’s aux knobs, but also by the aux send [49]
master knobs.
35
36
We recommend going into a
stereo reverb in mono and
returning in stereo. We have
found that on most “stereo” reverbs, the
second input just ties up an extra aux
send and adds nothing to the sound.
There are exceptions, so feel free to try
it both ways. Should you choose to use
two aux sends, use the “odd” aux (1 or
3) to feed its left input and the “even”
aux (2 or 4) to feed the right input.
Remember, if you’re also dealing with
a stereo source signal, you’ll want to
follow the sides — use the odd aux on
the channel carrying the left side and
the even aux on the channel carrying the right.
33
36. Pre
This switch determines the tap point of aux 1 and 2.
Generally, “post” sends are used to feed effects devices,
and “pre” sends are used to feed your stage monitors.
See the “Pre vs. Post” diagram below. Aux 3 and 4 are
­always in post mode.
MUTE
35. Aux 1, 2, 3, & 4
34
Owner’s Manual
34. Low Cut
INPUT
TRIM
INSERT
LOW
CUT
'PRE' SIGNAL
EQ
PAN
ASSIGN
FADER
AUX 1
'POST' SIGNAL
PRE SWITCH
AUX 2
In post mode (switch up), aux 1 and 2 will follow
the EQ [32], low cut [34], fader [25], and mute [30]
settings. If you fade the channel, you fade the send.
This is a must for effects sends, since you want
the levels of your “wet” signals to follow the level
of the “dry.”
In pre mode (switch down), aux 1 and 2 follow the
gain and low cut settings only. EQ, pan, fader, and mute
settings have no effect on the pre sends. This is the
preferred method for setting up stage monitor feeds
— they’ll be controlled independently of the fader and
mute moves.
Owner’s Manual
17
1642VLZ4
Output Section Description
The main mix signals are off with the fader fully down,
the “U” marking is unity gain, and fully up provides
10 dB additional gain. This additional gain will typically
never be needed, but once again, it’s nice to know
it’s there. The fader itself is a stereo version of the
channel and subgroup faders — same supersmooth
custom taper, same dead silence when turned fully
down. This is the fader to pull down at the end of the
song when you want “The Great Fade-Out.”
38. Subgroup Faders
As you might expect, these faders control the levels of
signals sent to the sub out [8] jacks. All channels that
are assigned to subgroups, not muted and not turned
fully down, will appear at the sub outs. Unlike the main
outs [14], the subgroup signals do not pass through an
insert jack on their way to the subgroup faders. That’s
no problem — should you want to send these signals
through a serial effects processor, simply patch from
the sub outs to the effect’s input, and from the effect’s
output to whatever the final destination is, usually a
multitrack recorder.
40
41
The subgroup signal is off when its fader is fully down,
the “U” marking is unity gain, and fully up provides 10
dB additional gain. Remember that if you’re treating
two subgroups as a stereo pair, subgroup 1 and 2 for
example, make sure that both subgroup faders “ride”
­together, to maintain the left/right balance.
39
39. Assign To Main Mix
38
37
You’ve just learned about the input channels and how
the signals get in and out. The signals come in via mic
[1] and line [2] input jacks, are manipulated by the
channels, and then sent to the output section. In the
output section, things get a bit more complicated, so put
on your thinking caps.
37. Main Mix Fader
This fader controls the levels of ­signals sent to the
main out [14] jacks and tape output [11] RCA jacks.
All channels and stereo ­returns that are assigned to the
main mix, not muted and not turned fully down will
appear at the main outs. Before the main mix gets to
this fader, the signals pass through the main insert [13].
18
1642VLZ4
One popular use of the subgroups is to use them as
master faders for a group of channels on their way to
the main mix. Let’s say you’ve got a drum kit hogging up
seven channels and you’re going to want to fade them
out at a different rate than the other channels. You don’t
want to try that with seven hands or seven fingers, so
just un-assign these channels from L/R, reassign them
to subgroup 1–2, ­engage the assign to main mix, left on
subgroup 1 and right on subgroup 2. Now you can ride
the entire stereo drum mix with two faders — 1 and 2.
If you engage just one of these switches per subgroup
(left or right), the signal sent to the main mix will be
the same level as the sub outs [8]. If you want a subgroup to appear in the center of the main mix, engage
both left and right switches for that subgroup. The
signal will be sent to both sides, and will be attenuated
just enough to preserve constant loudness, just like the
channel pan [31] knobs when set in the center.
42. Source
Typically, the engineer sends the main mix to a live
audience or to a mixdown deck (if recording). But what
if the engineer needs to hear something other than the
main mix? With the 1642VLZ4, the engineer has several
choices of what to listen to.
40
43
41
42
Owner’s Manual
WARNING: Engaging tape to main mix can
create a feedback path between tape input
[12] and tape output [11]. Make sure your
tape deck is not in record, record-pause or input
monitor mode when you engage this switch, or that
the tape in [40] level knob is turned fully down.
Using these switches, you can choose to listen to any
combination of main mix, subs 1-2, subs 3-4 and tape.
Selections made here deliver stereo signals to the
control room, headphones, and meter display. These
signals are tapped off as follows — post-main mix fader,
post subgroup faders [38], and post-tape in [40] knob.
With no switches engaged, there will be no signal
at these outputs and no meter indication, with two
exceptions: solo and stereo ­return 4.
Regardless of the source selection, engaging a solo
switch will replace that selection with the solo signal,
also sent to the control room, headphones, and meter
display. This is what makes the level-setting procedure
so easy.
Now you know how to select the signals you want
to send to the engineer’s control room and/or phones.
Once selected, these signals all pass through the same
level control, aptly named:
43. Control Room And Phones
These knobs control the level of the stereo
CR outs [9] and phones [10] outputs.
40. Tape In (Level)
This knob controls the level of the stereo signal coming from the tape input [12] RCA jacks. Its range is off
when fully down, unity at the center detent, with 20
dB additional gain turned fully up, which may come in
handy if you’ve patched in a device with wimpy output
levels. After the level is determined, the stereo tape
signal can be sent to either of two places — the main
mix or the source [42] matrix.
41. Tape To LR
Engaging this switch is just like engaging the L-R
switch on a channel — the signal, ­stereo in this case, is
sent to the main mix. It does not interrupt other signals,
just adds itself to them. This switch can be very handy
in a live sound situation when you want to play soothing
elevator music to an anxious crowd.
You can use the control room outputs for other
applications, such as an additional main mix output
with its own level control. However, should you do
this, be aware that if you engage a solo switch, it
will interrupt the mix:
Once again, engaging a solo [27] switch will cause
this dramatic turn of events: Any existing source [42]
matrix selections will be replaced by the solo signals,
appearing in the control room, headphones, and meters.
The audible solo levels are controlled by the solo [46]
level knob. The solo levels appearing on the meter
display are not controlled by anything — you wouldn’t
want that. You want to see the actual channel level
on the meter display, ­regardless of how loud you’re
listening.
Owner’s Manual
19
1642VLZ4
44. Mode (AFL/PFL)
46. Solo (Level)
The 1642VLZ4’s solo system comes in two flavors:
AFL (sometimes called SIP, or solo-in-place) and PFL
(sometimes called PFL, or pre-fader-listen).
This knob controls the level of the signals coming
from the solo system. After the solo level is determined,
the solo signals will proceed to take over the control
room, headphones, and meter display.
In AFL, the soloed channel’s signal is sent directly
to the control room, headphones and meter display just
as it would sound to the channel’s assignment switches:
post-EQ [32], post-fader [25] and post-pan [31].
The only difference is that solo works regardless
of the channel’s assignment positions, and that
makes it really handy — you can check out a
channel before you assign it.
AFL is the preferred mode during mixdown:
If the channel has some midrange boost at 4.236kHz,
is panned a smidgen to the left, and its fader is at
–5.385dB, that’s exactly what you’ll hear if you solo
during AFL mode. It’s just as if you took the time to
mute all the other channels.
PFL solo is the key player in the all-important
level-setting procedure . It’ll send the channel’s
actual internal levels to the meters so you’ll know
just what’s going on, level-wise. This procedure should
be performed every time a new sound source is patched
into a channel’s mic [1] or line [2] input jacks.
PFL is also the preferred mode for SR (sound
reinforcement, or live sound), to preview channels
before they are let into the mix. It won’t give you stereo
placement, but will give you signal even if the fader
is turned down.
Remember, PFL taps the channel signal before
the fader. If you have a channel’s fader set way
below “U” (unity gain), solo won’t know that
and will send a unity gain signal to the control room,
headphones, and meter display. That may result in a
startling level boost at these outputs, depending on the
­position of the solo [46] level knob.
45. Level Set LED
When the mode switch [44] is engaged, it’s in PFL
mode, the mode you must be in to set levels. Now, when
you engage any solo switch, this LED will be a “green
light” to set levels. If you tried to set levels during ­AFL
mode, the meter display would be at the mercy of the
channel fader, and that would be a big problem.
Once again, PFL solo taps the channel signal
before the fader. If you have a channel’s fader
set way below “U” (unity gain), PFL solo
won’t know that and will send a unity gain signal to
the control room, headphones, and meter display. This
may result in a startling level boost at these outputs,
depending on the ­position of the solo level knob.
47. Rude Solo Light
This flashing LED (light emitting diode) serves
two purposes — to remind you that you’re in solo,
and to let you know that you’re mixing on a 1642VLZ4.
No other company is so concerned about your level of
solo awareness. We even force the soloed chan­nel’s –20
LED to play along, so you can find that rogue switch fast.
If you work on a mixer that has a solo function with
no indicator lights, and you happen to forget you’re
in solo, you can easily be tricked into thinking that
something is wrong with your mixer. Hence the rude
solo light. It’s especially handy at about 3:00 in the
morning, when no sound is coming out of your monitors,
even though your multitrack is playing back like mad.
48. Meters
The 1642VLZ4’s peak metering system is made up of
two columns of twelve LEDs. Deceptively simple,
considering the multitude of signals that can be
monitored by it. If nothing is selected in the source [42]
matrix, and no channels are in solo [27], the meter
display will just sit there. To put them to work,
you must make a selection in the source matrix
(or engage a channel's solo switch).
Why? You want the meter display to reflect what
the engineer is listening to, and as we’ve covered, the
engineer is listening either to the control room output
or the headphones. The only difference is that while the
listening levels are controlled by the CR/phones [43]
knob, the meter display reads the source mix before
that control, giving you the real facts at all times,
even if you’re not listening at all.
When the solo mode [44] switch is set to PFL (down),
all soloed signals will be sent to the left meter only.
That, combined with the level set led [45], are along
the path of­ ­enlightenment known as the level-setting
­procedure (page 5). ­During AFL mode, the meters will
­behave normally.
20
1642VLZ4
49
51
49
50
Please remember: Audio meter displays are just tools
to help assure you that your levels are “in the ballpark.”
You don’t have to stare at them (unless you want to).
If you find that staring at the meters sends you into a
hypnotic trance, please do not be alarmed. Just cut my
lawn and polish my car every Tuesday.
51
Owner’s Manual
Thanks to the 1642VLZ4’s wide dynamic range, you
can get a good mix with peaks flashing anywhere between –20 and +10 dB on the meter display. Most amplifiers clip at about +10 dB, and some recorders aren’t so
forgiving either. For best real-world results, try to keep
your peaks between “0” and “+7.”
Aux Talk
50
Sends are outputs, returns are inputs. Each channel's
aux [35] knobs tap the signal off the channel and send
it to the aux send [6] outputs. Aux 1 and 2 are sent to
the aux sends 1 and 2 [49] master knobs before the aux
send ­outputs; aux 3 and 4 are sent directly.
These outputs can be fed to the inputs of a reverb or
other device. From there, the outputs of the external
device are fed back to the mixer’s stereo return [7]
inputs. Then these signals are sent through the stereo
return [51] level controls, and finally delivered to the
main mix.
46
44
48
45
47
Meters vs. Reality
You may already be an ­expert at the world of “+4” (+4
dBu=1.23 V) and “–10” (–10 dBV=0.32 V) operating
levels. Basically, what makes a mixer one or the other
is the relative 0 dB VU (or 0 VU) chosen for the meter
display. A “+4” mixer, with a +4 dBu signal pouring out
the back will actually read 0 VU on its meter display.
A “–10” mixer, with a –10 dBV signal trickling out, will
read, you guessed it, 0 VU on its meter display. So when
is 0 VU actually 0 dBu? Right now!
At the risk of creating another standard, VLZ4 compact mixers address the need of both crowds by calling
things as they are: 0 dBu (0.775 V) at the output shows
as 0 VU on the meter display. What could be easier? By
the way, the most wonderful thing about standards is
that there are so many to choose from.
So, the original “dry” signals come from the channels
to the main mix, and the affected “wet” signals come
from the stereo returns to the main mix, and once mixed
together, the dry and wet signals combine to create a
glorious sound. Armed with this knowledge, let’s visit
the Auxiliary World:
49. Aux Sends (Master)
These knobs provide overall level control of aux sends
1 and 2, just before they’re delivered to their aux send
[6] outputs. This is perfect for controlling the level of
stage monitors, since you’ll be using aux 1 and 2 for this,
with their pre [36] switches engaged. Aux sends 3 and 4
have no such control — they’ll just send their mixes directly to their respective aux send outputs at unity gain.
These knobs go from off (turned fully down), to unity
gain at the center detent, with 10 dB of extra gain
(turned fully up). As with some other level controls, you
may never need the additional gain, but if you ever do,
you’ll be glad you bought a 1642VLZ4.
This is usually the knob you turn up when the lead
singer glares at you, points at his stage monitor, and
sticks his thumb in the air. (It would follow suit that if
the singer stuck his thumb down, you’d turn the knob
down, but that never happens.)
Owner’s Manual
21
1642VLZ4
50. Aux Sends Solo and LED
53. Main Mix To Subs (Stereo Return 3)
Once again, in live sound situations aux send 1 and
2 are likely to feed your stage monitors. You’ll want to
check the mix you’re sending them, and that’s what
these two buttons are for. (Aux 3 and 4 have no such
switch.) Beside each switch is a green LED that, just
like the channel’s –20 LED, helps you find the rogue solo
switch.
With this switch up, stereo return 3 ­behaves like all
the others — it delivers a ­stereo signal, regulated by
its level knob, to the main mix. When you engage this
switch, the signals are removed from the main mix
buses and sent to the 1-2/3-4 switch, which diverts the
signal once more. We’re not finished. Please read on.
The only thing different about aux sends solo is that
it’s not really PFL (pre-fader listen), and it’s not really
SIP (solo-in-place), it’s actually AFL (after-fader
listen). During AFL [44] mode , you’ll get aux send 1’s
solo signal, post-aux sends [49] master level, in the left
side of the control room outputs, phones output and
meter display, and aux send 2 on the right side. (If you
ever use aux 1 and 2 to create a stereo monitor mix,
you’ll understand why.) In PFL mode, you’ll get the
signal dead-center, but still post-aux sends master level.
51. Stereo Returns (Level)
These four controls set the overall level of effects
received from the stereo ­return [7] input jacks. These
controls are designed to handle a wide range of signal
levels — each knob goes from off, to unity gain at the
detent, to 20 dB gain fully clockwise, to compensate for
low-level effects. Signals passing through these level
controls will proceed directly to the main mix fader
[37], with exceptions that we’ll discuss in a moment.
Typically, these knobs can just live at the center
detent, and the effects device’s output control should
be set at whatever they call unity gain (check their
manual). If that turns out to be too loud or too quiet,
adjust the effects device’s outputs, not the mixer.
That way, the mixer’s knobs are easy to ­relocate
at the center detent.
52. To Aux 1 and To Aux 2
If you want to add reverb or delay to the stage
monitor mixes, these are the knobs for you.
Operating independently of their respectively
numbered stereo returns [51] level controls, these
knobs are exactly the same as the channel strip
aux 1 [35] and aux 2 knobs.
These two knobs feed stereo return signals to their
respective aux send [6] outputs:
To aux send 1 feeds stereo return 1 to aux send 1
master, and:
To aux send 2 feeds stereo ­return 2 to aux send 2
master.
They are off when turned fully down, deliver unity
gain at the center detent, and can provide up to 15 dB
of gain turned fully up. Stereo return 3 and 4 have no
such knobs.
22
1642VLZ4
54. 1–2/3–4 (Stereo Return 3)
If the main mix to subs [53] switch is disengaged,
this switch does absolutely nothing. Let’s now assume
it’s engaged. Stereo return 3’s stereo signal will not be
sent to the main mix, but to subgroup faders 1 and 2
(this switch up) or subgroup faders 3 and 4 (this switch
down).
Let’s say you’ve made a stereo drum submix on
subgroup faders 1 and 2, so you can ride those two
faders instead of the seven channels that the drums
came from. Subgroup fader 1 has its ­assign to main
mix [39], left button engaged and subgroup fader 2
has its ­assign to main mix, right button engaged,
blending the drum submix back into the main mix.
The drum channels are also sending signals to your
reverb via the aux sends [6], and the reverb outputs
are patched into stereo return 3 [7]. So far so good.
Even though you could send stereo return 3 directly
to the main mix (main mix to subs [53] switch up),
you don’t want to. Instead, engage the main mix to subs
switch and make sure the 1–2/3–4 switch is up. Now the
reverb return will be blended into the drum submix, and
as you ride those two faders, the reverb level will follow.
Why do we want that? Because if you had just sent
the reverb directly to the main mix (main mix to subs
switch up) and you did a drum fade-out using subgroup
faders 1 and 2, the “dry” signals would fade out, but the
“wet” signals would keep on singing. All you would hear
is the drum reverb (the “wet”), and none of the original
drum signals (the “dry”). That’s because the reverb is
being fed by the channel’s aux sends, and they have no
idea that you’ve pulled down the subgroup faders. That’s
why we threw in these switches.
51
50
52
53
54
55
56
51
50
This switch operates just like the channel solo [27]
switches — engaging it sends signals to the control
room, headphones, and meter display, and interrupts
whatever happened to be there before you soloed.
It follows the mode [44] switch setting as well.
The only difference is that when you engage this
returns solo switch, it sends all four stereo returns
signals to the solo circuit.
Assume you want to solo the snare drum. Hit that
channel’s solo switch, and you get the “dry” (no effects)
snare only. That helps, but you want to hear it with the
reverb you have patched into a stereo return. Leaving
that channel’s solo switch engaged, also engage the
returns solo switch, and now you’ll get the dry snare
and its reverb.
Owner’s Manual
56. Returns Solo and LED
Since it is a global feature, you’ll also get the signals
from all the other stereo returns, so there may be some
sounds that you didn’t want to hear. If they offend your
sensibilities, simply turn down the levels of the stereo
returns you don’t want to hear, or mute the channels
feeding the unwanted signal to the effects device you
do want to hear.
Congratulations! You’ve just read about all the
features of your 1642VLZ4. You’re probably ready for
a cold one. Go ahead. The rest of the manual can wait.
55. CR/PH Only (Stereo Return 4)
Once again, the default for all the stereo ­returns is to
feed them directly into the main mix. You’ve just learned
about the ­optional ­exceptions involving stereo return 3.
Stereo return 4 also has an optional exception: By
engaging this switch, you will remove stereo ­return 4’s
stereo signal from the main mix and send it directly to
the CR/phones source [42] matrix. It matters not if any
of the source matrix switches are assigned, but it will be
interrupted, as usual, if a solo [27] switch is engaged.
Let’s pretend you’re doing a live mix to a 2-track deck,
a house PA, or both, and you want to play along to a
click track. You could run the click track directly into
the main mix, but you don’t want the mixdown deck
and/or audience to hear it. By gum, this is the switch
for you. Similarly, it can be used for voice-over tracks,
narration, anything you want heard by the engineer and
players but not by the audience and mixdown deck.
Owner’s Manual
23
1642VLZ4
Appendix A: Service Information
Warranty Service
Repair
If you think your 1642VLZ4 has a problem, please
check out the following troubleshooting tips and do
your best to confirm the problem. Visit the Support
section of our website (www.720trees.com) where
you will find lots of useful information such as FAQs
and other documentation. You may find the answer
to the problem without having to send your mixer away.
For warranty service, refer to the warranty
information on page 31.
Troubleshooting
Bad Channel
• Are the channels assigned to the correct mix
(1-2, 3-4, L-R )?
• Is the fader up?
Non-warranty service is available at a factoryauthorized service center. To locate the nearest
service center, visit www.720trees.com, click “Contact
Tech Support” and select “Locate a Service Center
or Distributor” [3]. Service for a 1642VLZ4 living
outside the United States can be obtained through
local dealers or distributors.
If you do not have access to our website, you can
call our Tech Support department at 1-800-898-3211,
Monday-Friday, normal business hours, Pacific Time,
to explain the problem. Tech Support will tell you where
the nearest factory-authorized service center is located
in your area.
• Try unplugging any insert devices from the
insert [4] jacks.
• Try the same source signal in another channel,
set up exactly like the suspect channel.
Bad Output
• Is the level control (if any) turned up?
• If you’re listening to the CR outs [9] or phones
[10] outputs, has a source selection been
made?
• If it’s one of the main outs [14], try
unplugging its companion. For example,
if it’s the 1/4" output, unplug the RCA output.
If the problem goes away, it’s not the mixer.
• If it’s a stereo pair, try switching them around.
For example, if a left output is presumed dead,
switch the left and right cords, at the mixer
end. If the left is still dead, it’s not the mixer.
• Unplug everthing from the main insert [13].
Appendix B: Connections
Balanced XLR Input Connector
The 1642VLZ4 mixer has 10 female XLR inputs.
Be sure the cables are wired per AES (Audio
Engineering Society) standards:
Noise
• Turn the channel faders and stereo return
knobs down, one by one. If the sound
disappears, it’s either that channel or
whatever is plugged into it, so unplug
whatever that is. If the noise disappears,
it’s from your whatever.
Power
Balanced XLR Input Connector
Pin 1 – Shield (Ground)
Pin 2 – Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 – Negative (– or cold)
HOT
COLD
1
3
• Unplug the power cord and check the fuse.
1642VLZ4
3
1
SHIELD
COLD
2
Balanced XLR Input Connector
24
2
SHIELD
HOT
accept 1-plug-type stereo micro­phones. They
must be separated into a left cord and a right
cord, which are plugged into the two mic
preamps.
The male XLR connectors provide a balanced linelevel signal that represents the end of the mixer, where
the fully mixed stereo signal enters the real world.
Connect these to the left and right line-level inputs
of powered speakers or to the left and right line-level
inputs of an amplifier (with speakers already attached).
Be sure the cables are wired per AES (Audio
Engineering Society) standards:
• Unbalanced send/return circuits. When wired
as a send/return “Y” connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack
or plug is connected tip to signal send (output
from mixer), ring to signal return (input back
into mixer), and sleeve to ground (earth).
Balanced XLR Output Connector
Pin 1 – Shield (Ground)
Pin 2 – Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 – Negative (– or cold)
SHIELD
COLD 3
HOT
Unbalanced 1/4" TS Connector
1
2
SHIELD
1
3
COLD
2
TS stands for Tip-Sleeve, the two connections
available on a mono 1⁄4" cable. This allows for a direct
conection to the channel input jacks. Be sure the cables
are wired per AES (Audio Engineering Society)
standards:
HOT
Unbalanced 1/4" TS Connector
Balanced XLR Output Connector
Balanced 1/4" TRS Connector
Sleeve – Shield (Ground)
Tip – Positive (+ or hot)
Ring – Negative (– or cold)
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
TIP
SLEEVE
Unbalanced 1/4" TS Connector
TS jacks and plugs are used in many different
­applications, always unbalanced. The tip is connected
to the audio signal and the sleeve to ground (earth).
Some examples:
Balanced 1/4" TRS Connector
Sleeve – Shield (Ground)
Tip – Positive (+ or hot)
SLEEVE
TRS stands for Tip-Ring-Sleeve, the three ­connections
available on a stereo 1/4" cable. This allows for a direct
connection to the channel input jacks. Be sure the
cables are wired per AES (Audio Engineering Society)
standards:
You can cook up your own adapter for a stereo
microphone. “Y” two cables out of a female 1⁄4"
TRS jack to two male XLR plugs, one for the
right signal and one for the left.
Owner’s Manual
Balanced XLR Output Connector
• Unbalanced microphones
SLEEVE RING TIP
• Electric guitars and electronic instruments
• Unbalanced line-level connections
TIP
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Balanced 1/4" TRS Connector
TRS jacks and plugs are used in several ­­different
applications:
• Balanced mono circuits. When wired as a
balanced connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or plug
is connected tip to signal high (hot), ring to
signal low (cold), and sleeve to ground (earth).
• Stereo Headphones, and rarely, stereo
microphones and stereo line connections.
When wired for stereo, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or plug
is connected tip to left, ring to right and sleeve
to ground (earth). VLZ4 mixers do not directly
Switched 1/4" Phone Jacks
Switches can be incorporated into 1⁄4" phone jacks,
which are activated by inserting the plug. These
switches may open an insert loop in a ­circuit, change
the input routing of the signal or serve other functions. The 1642VLZ4 uses switches in the channel insert and
bus ­insert jacks, input jacks and stereo returns. It also
uses these switches to ground the line-level inputs when
nothing is plugged into them.
In most cases, the plug must be inserted fully to
activate the switch. The 1642VLZ4 takes ­advantage of
this in some circuits, specifying circumstances where
you are to insert the plug only partially. See “Special
C
­ onnections”, on the next page.
Owner’s Manual
25
1642VLZ4
Unbalanced RCA Connector
TRS Send/Receive Insert Jacks
RCA-type plugs (also known as phono plugs)
and jacks are often used in home ­stereo and video
equipment and in many other applications. RCA plugs
are ­unbalanced. Connect the signal to the center post
and the ground (earth) or shield to the surrounding
“basket.” Be sure the cables are wired per AES (Audio
Engineering Society) standards:
Single-jack inserts are three-­conductor, TRS-type 1⁄4"
phone. They are unbalanced, but have both the mixer
output (send) and the mixer input ­(return) signals in
one connector. See the illsutration below.
Unbalanced RCA Connector
Sleeve – Shield (Ground)
Tip – Positive (+ or hot)
SLEEVE
The sleeve is the common ground (earth) for both
signals. The send from the mixer to the ­external unit is
carried on the tip, and the return from the unit to the
mixer is on the ring.
tip
TIP
SLEEVE
TIP
ring
SEND to processor
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
RETURN from processor
tip
ring
Unbalanced 1/4" Insert Connectors
Unbalanced RCA Connector
Unbalancing a Line
In most studio, stage and sound reinforcement situations, there is a combination of balanced and unbalanced inputs and outputs on the various pieces of
equipment. This usually will not be a problem in making
connections.
• When connecting a balanced output to an
unbalanced input, be sure the signal high (hot)
connections are wired to each other, and that
the balanced signal low (cold) goes to the
ground (earth) connection at the unbalanced
input. In most cases, the balanced ground
(earth) will also be connected to the ground
(earth) at the unbalanced input. If there are
ground-loop problems, this connection may be
left disconnected at the balanced end.
• When connecting an unbalanced output to a
balanced input, be sure that the signal high
(hot) connections are wired to each other. The
unbalanced ground (earth) connection should
be wired to the low (cold) and the ground
(earth) connections of the balanced input. If
there are ground-loop problems, try connecting
the unbalanced ground (earth) connection only
to the input low (cold) connection, and leaving
the input ground (earth) connection disconnected.
• In some cases, you will have to make up special
adapters to interconnect your equipment. For
example, you may need a balanced XLR female
connected to an unbalanced 1⁄4" TS phone
plug.
26
1642VLZ4
Special Connections
The balanced-to-unbalanced connection has been
anticipated in the wiring of 1642VLZ4 jacks. A 1⁄4" TS
plug inserted into a 1⁄4" TRS balanced input, for
example, will automatically unbalance the input and
make all the right connections. Conversely, a 1⁄4"
TRS plug ­inserted into a 1⁄4" unbalanced input will
automatically tie the ring (low or cold) to ground
(earth).
Using the Send Only on an Insert Jack
If you insert a TS (mono) 1⁄4" plug only ­partially (to
the first click) into a VLZ4 ­insert jack, the plug will not
activate the jack switch and will not open the insert
loop in the ­circuit (thereby allowing the channel signal
to continue on its merry way through the mixer).
This allows you to tap out the channel or bus signal
without interrupting normal operation.
If you push the 1⁄4" TS plug in to the second click,
you will open the jack switch and create a ­direct out,
which does interrupt the signal in that channel. See the
illustration on the next page.
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with no signal interruption to master.
Insert only to first click.
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with signal interruption to master.
Insert all the way in to the second click.
STEREO
PLUG
Channel Insert jack
For use as an effects loop.
(Tip = Send TO effect, Ring = Return FROM effect).
Using the Send Only on an Insert Jack
VLZ4 Stereo Inputs and Returns:
Mono, Stereo, Whatever
Stereo line inputs and stereo returns are a fine
example of our philosophy (which we just made up)
of Maximum Flexibility with Minimum Headache.
The inputs and returns will automatically be mono
or ­stereo, depending upon how you use the jacks.
Here’s how it works:
A mono signal should be patched into the input
or return jack labeled left (mono). The signal will
be routed to both the left and right sides of the return
circuit, and will show up in the center of the stereo pair
of buses it’s ­assigned to, or it can be panned with the
­pan [26] control.
Owner’s Manual
NOTE: Do not overload or short-circuit the signal you
are tapping from the mixer. That will affect the internal
signal.
A stereo signal, having two plugs, should be patched
into the left (mono) and the right input or return jacks.
A jack switch in the right jack will disable the mono
function, and the ­signals will show up in stereo.
A mono signal connected to the right jack will show
up in the right bus only. You probably will only want to
use this sophisticated effect for special occasions.
Mults and “Y”s
A mult or “Y” connector allows you to route one output
to two or more inputs by simply providing parallel
wiring connections. You can make “Y”s and mults for
the outputs of both unbalanced and ­balanced circuits.
Remember: Only mult or “Y” one output into
several inputs. If you need to combine several
outputs into one input, you must use a mixer,
not a mult or a “Y.”
Y-cord splitter cable
RING (IN)
RING (RETURN)
TIP (OUT)
FROM
PROCESSOR
OUTPUT
RING
(RETURN)
TIP
(SEND)
TO MIXER
CHANNEL INSERT
TO
PROCESSOR
INPUT
TIP (SEND)
Y-cord insert cable
Owner’s Manual
27
1642VLZ4
Appendix C: Technical Information
Specifications
4 Band EQ (channels 9 – 16)
High Shelving ±15 dB @ 12 kHz
Main Mix Noise
Hi Mid Peaking
±15 dB @ 2.5 kHz
Low Mid Peaking
±15 dB @ 400 Hz
(20 Hz–20 kHz bandwidth, 1/4" Main out, channel gains @
unity gain, channel EQs flat, all channels assigned to Main Mix,
odd channels panned left, even channels panned right.)
Main Mix fader unity, channel faders down:
–86.5 dBu
(90 dB Signal to Noise Ratio, ref +4 dBu)
Main Mix fader unity, channel faders @ unity: –86 dBu
(1 kHz 35 dB gain, 20 Hz–20 kHz bandwidth)
Mic in to insert out: <0.0007%
(1 kHz relative to 0 dBu, 20 Hz–20 kHz bandwidth,
Line in, 1⁄4" Main Out, Gain @ unity.)
Channel Mute switch engaged: –82 dBu
Channel Gain knob down: –82 dBu
Power Consumption
50 watts
100–120 VAC
1A Slo Blo, 5 x 20 mm
220–240 VAC
0.5A Slo Blo, 5 x 20 mm
16.7" x 16.6" x 5.2" (425 mm x 421 mm x 131 mm)
Weight
18.2 lb (8.3 kg)
Since we are always striving to improve our products by
incorporating new and improved materials, components,
and manufacturing methods, we reserve the right to change
these specifications at any time without notice.
Frequency Response
Mic Input to Main Output (Gain @Unity)
+0, –1 dB, 20 Hz to 50 kHz
+0, –3 dB, <10 Hz to >100 kHz
The “Running Man” figure is a registered trademarks of
LOUD Technologies Inc. All other brand names mentioned
are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
holders, and are hereby acknowledged.
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN)
(Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain.)
–128.5 dBu 20 Hz–20 kHz
Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR)
Please check our website for any updates to this manual:
www.720trees.com.
©2013 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
(Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain.)
better than –70 dB
5.2 in / 131 mm
1 kHz: 18 dB/octave, –3 dB @ 75 Hz
Dimensions (H x W x D) in Normal Pod Position
Attenuation (Crosstalk)
termination: Low Cut Filter (Ch.9–12)
±15 dB @ 80 Hz
Fuse Ratings
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
150
Low Shelving Maximum Levels
Mic in: +22 dBu
All other inputs: +22 dBu
Main Mix TRS out and XLR out: +28 dBu
All other outputs: +22 dBu
19.0 in / 483 mm
[with optional rack mount kit]
16.6 in / 421 mm
Impedances
2.5 k
Channel Insert return: 2.5 k
WEIGHT
18.2 lb
8.3 kg
All other inputs: 10 k or greater
Tape out: 1.1 k
All other outputs: 120
3 Band EQ (channels 1 – 8)
High Shelving Mid Peaking
Low Shelving Low Cut Filter
1642VLZ4
±15 dB sweep 100 Hz–8 kHz
±15 db @ 80 Hz
18 dB/octave, –3 dB @ 75 Hz
5.2 in / 131 mm
28
±15 db @ 12 kHz
16.3 in / 414 mm
Mic in: 1
3
2
MIC TRIM
MIC IN
(Chs 9/10 & 11/12 only)
LOW CUT
75Hz
HPF
3
DIRECT OUT
(CH'S 1-8 ONLY)
1
STEREO INPUT CHANNEL
(1 OF 4)
LINE IN R
LINE IN L
MONO INPUT CHANNEL
(1 OF 8)
LINE IN
MIC IN
2
PHANTOM POWER
(GLOBAL SWITCH)
TRIM
AUX RETURN 4
AUX RETURN 3
AUX RETURN 2
AUX RETURN 1
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
STEREO TRIM
(Chs 13/14 & 15/16 only)
MID
LO
MID
3K
MID
12K
HI
12K
HI
AUX 4
AUX 3
AUX 2
AUX 1
4-BAND STEREO EQ
80 800
3K
MID
OL (FLICKER)
MUTE (GLOW)
80 800
LO
PRE
–20 (FLICKER)
SOLO (GLOW)
LOW CUT
75Hz
HPF
INSERT
PRE
HI
EFX TO
MON
EFX TO
MON
LEVEL
LEVEL
LEVEL
LEVEL
AUX 2
AUX 1
FREQ
FADER
GAIN
AUX 4
MUTE
MID
EQ
TO SOLO LED
SIP L
Owner’s Manual
SOLO
ASSIGN TO
C-R/PHNS
ONLY
1-2/3-4
PFL
SIP R
4
PFL
3
SIP R
2
1
R
L
SIP L
SOLO
PAN
ASSIGN
4
PFL
3
2
1
R
L
SIP R
SOLO
ASSIGN
SIP L
PAN
MAIN/SUBS
FADER
TO SOLO LED
MUTE
OL (FLICKER)
MUTE (GLOW)
80 100 8K 12K
LO
AUX 3
–20 (FLICKER)
SOLO (GLOW)
FADER
3 4
FADER
SOLO
LEVEL
TO WORK
R
L
R
L
LEVEL SET
(PFL) LED
SIP/PFL
SOLO LEVEL
AUX MIX
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
SUB 2 MIX
1 2
TAPE
MAIN
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
SUB 1 MIX
SOLO MIX
SOLO
RELAY
(FROM SUB 4 OUT)
(FROM SUB 3 OUT)
TAPE LEVEL
BUS TO WOODINVILLE
R
TAPE IN
L
ASSIGN
TO MIX
MAIN MIX
MAIN INSERT
C-R/
PHONES
SOURCE
C-R LEVEL
AUX SEND 3
(AUX SEND 4 IDENTICAL)
AUX SEND 1
(AUX SEND 2 IDENTICAL)
SUB 6 OUT
(SUBMIX 4/8 IDENTICAL)
SUB 2 OUT
SUB 5 OUT
(SUBMIX 3/7 IDENTICAL)
22
10
7
4
2
0
2
4
7
10
20
30
METERS
(0VU = 0dBu)
+4/–10dB PAD
(XLR only)
RUDE SOLO LED
PHONES
LEVEL
SUB 1 OUT
C-R/PHONES MIX
MAIN MIX
FADER
MONO LEVEL
R
L
3
2
3
2
1
1
R
L
CONTROL ROOM OUT
PHONES OUT B
PHONES OUT A
TAPE OUT
1/4" BAL
MAIN MIX RIGHT OUT
XLR BAL
XLR BAL
MAIN MIX LEFT OUT
1/4" BAL
MAIN MIX MONO OUT
Owner’s Manual
Block Diagram
CR/PHN R
CR/PHN L
LOGIC
PFL
SIP R
SIP L
AUX 4
AUX 3
AUX 2
AUX 1
SUB 4
SUB 3
SUB 2
SUB 1
MAIN R
MAIN L
29
30
Notes:
Date:
Session:
1642VLZ4
Track Sheet
1642VLZ4
Please keep your sales receipt in a safe place.
This Limited Product Warranty (“Product Warranty”) is provided by LOUD Technologies Inc. (“LOUD”)
and is applicable to products purchased in the United States or Canada through a LOUD-authorized
reseller or dealer. The Product Warranty will not extend to anyone other than the original purchaser of
the product (hereinafter, “Customer,” “you” or “your”).
For products purchased outside the U.S. or Canada, please visit www.720trees.com to find contact
information for your local distributor, and information on any warranty coverage provided by the
distributor in your local market.
Owner’s Manual
1642VLZ4 Limited Warranty
LOUD warrants to Customer that the product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship
under normal use during the Warranty Period. If the product fails to conform to the warranty then LOUD
or its authorized service representative will at its option, either repair or replace any such nonconforming
product, provided that Customer gives notice of the noncompliance within the Warranty Period to the
Company at: www.720trees.com or by calling LOUD technical support at 1.800.898.3211 (toll-free in
the U.S. and Canada) during normal business hours Pacific Time, excluding weekends or LOUD holidays.
Please retain the original dated sales receipt as evidence of the date of purchase. You will need it to obtain
any warranty service.
For full terms and conditions, as well as the specific duration of the Warranty for this product, please visit
www.720trees.com.
The Product Warranty, together with your invoice or receipt, and the terms and conditions located at
www.720trees.com constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes any and all prior agreements
between LOUD and Customer related to the subject matter hereof. No amendment, modification or
waiver of any of the provisions of this Product Warranty will be valid unless set forth in a written
instrument signed by the party to be bound thereby.
Owner’s Manual
31
16220 Wood-Red Road NE
Woodinville, WA 98072 • USA
Phone: 425.487.4333
Toll-free: 800.898.3211
Fax: 425.487.4337
www.720trees.com