Moxa Technologies NPort IA5150 series User`s manual

NPort IA5150/5250 Series
User’s Manual
First Edition, September 2005
www.moxa.com/product
Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
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+886-2-8919-1230
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series
User’s Manual
The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement and may be used only in
accordance with the terms of that agreement.
Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2005 Moxa Technologies Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction without permission is prohibited.
Trademarks
MOXA is a registered trademark of The Moxa Group.
All other trademarks or registered marks in this manual belong to their respective manufacturers.
Disclaimer
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the
part of Moxa.
Moxa provides this document “as is,” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but
not limited to, its particular purpose. Moxa reserves the right to make improvements and/or changes to this
manual, or to the products and/or the programs described in this manual, at any time.
Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, Moxa Technologies
assumes no responsibility for its use, or for any infringements on the rights of third parties that may result from
its use.
This product might include unintentional technical or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the
information herein to correct such errors, and these changes are incorporated into new editions of the
publication.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Introduction ...............................................................................................1-1
Overview .............................................................................................................................. 1-2
Package Checklist................................................................................................................. 1-2
Product Features ................................................................................................................... 1-2
Product Specifications .......................................................................................................... 1-3
Chapter 2
Getting Started ..........................................................................................2-1
Panel Layout......................................................................................................................... 2-2
Connecting the Hardware ..................................................................................................... 2-2
Wiring Requirements.................................................................................................... 2-3
Connecting the Power................................................................................................... 2-3
Grounding NPort IA5150/5250 Series ......................................................................... 2-3
Connecting to the Network........................................................................................... 2-4
Connecting to a Serial Device ...................................................................................... 2-4
LED Indicators ............................................................................................................. 2-5
Chapter 3
Initial IP Address Configuration...............................................................3-1
Initializing NPort IA5150/5250’s IP Address ....................................................................... 3-2
Factory Default IP Address................................................................................................... 3-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite ............................................................................ 3-2
ARP ...................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Telnet Console ...................................................................................................................... 3-3
Serial Console (19200, n, 8, 1) ............................................................................................. 3-6
Chapter 4
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode ....................................................4-1
Overview .............................................................................................................................. 4-2
Real COM Mode .................................................................................................................. 4-2
TCP Server Mode ................................................................................................................. 4-3
TCP Client Mode.................................................................................................................. 4-4
UDP Mode............................................................................................................................ 4-4
Pair Connection Mode .......................................................................................................... 4-4
Ethernet Modem Mode......................................................................................................... 4-5
Reverse Telnet Mode ............................................................................................................ 4-5
Disabled Mode...................................................................................................................... 4-5
Chapter 5
Web Console Configuration .....................................................................5-1
Opening Your Browser ......................................................................................................... 5-2
Basic Settings ....................................................................................................................... 5-4
Network Settings .................................................................................................................. 5-6
Serial Settings..................................................................................................................... 5-10
Operating Settings ...............................................................................................................5-11
Real COM Mode ........................................................................................................ 5-12
TCP Server Mode ....................................................................................................... 5-15
TCP Client Mode........................................................................................................ 5-18
UDP Mode.................................................................................................................. 5-23
Pair Connection Mode ................................................................................................ 5-25
Ethernet Modem Mode ............................................................................................... 5-27
Reverse Telnet Mode.................................................................................................. 5-30
Disabled Mode............................................................................................................ 5-31
Accessible IP Settings......................................................................................................... 5-31
Auto Warning Settings........................................................................................................ 5-32
Auto warning: E-mail and SNMP trap ....................................................................... 5-32
Event Type.................................................................................................................. 5-33
Monitor............................................................................................................................... 5-36
Monitor Line............................................................................................................... 5-36
Monitor Async............................................................................................................ 5-36
Monitor Async-Settings.............................................................................................. 5-36
Monitor Relay Output................................................................................................. 5-36
Change Password................................................................................................................ 5-37
Load Factory Default.......................................................................................................... 5-37
Chapter 6
Configuring NPort Administrator.............................................................6-1
Overview .............................................................................................................................. 6-2
Installing NPort Administrator ............................................................................................. 6-2
Configuration........................................................................................................................ 6-5
Broadcast Search .......................................................................................................... 6-6
Unlock Password Protection......................................................................................... 6-7
Configuring NPort IA5150/5250 .................................................................................. 6-8
Upgrading the Firmware............................................................................................. 6-10
Export Configuration .................................................................................................. 6-12
Import Configuration .................................................................................................. 6-12
Monitor............................................................................................................................... 6-13
Port Monitor ....................................................................................................................... 6-19
COM Mapping.................................................................................................................... 6-20
On-line COM Mapping............................................................................................... 6-20
Off-line COM Mapping.............................................................................................. 6-25
IP Location ......................................................................................................................... 6-27
Chapter 7
IP Serial LIB ...............................................................................................7-1
Overview .............................................................................................................................. 7-2
IP Serial LIB Function Groups ............................................................................................. 7-3
Example Program ................................................................................................................. 7-3
Appendix A
Pinouts and Cable Wiring........................................................................ A-1
Port Pinout Diagrams .......................................................................................................... A-2
RS-232/422/485 (male DB9) Pinouts .......................................................................... A-2
4W/2W RS-485/RS-422 (Terminal Block) Pinouts..................................................... A-2
Power Input and Relay Output Pinouts........................................................................ A-2
Cable Wiring Diagrams ....................................................................................................... A-3
Serial Cables ................................................................................................................ A-3
Appendix B
Well Known Port Numbers ...................................................................... B-1
Appendix C
SNMP Agents with MIB II & RS-232 like groups .................................... C-1
Appendix D
Auto IP Report Protocol........................................................................... D-1
Appendix E
Service Information.................................................................................. E-1
MOXA Internet Services ......................................................................................................E-2
Problem Report Form ........................................................................................................... E-3
Product Return Procedure..................................................................................................... E-4
1
Chapter 1
Introduction
Welcome to the NPort IA Series of industrial serial device servers. In this manual, we refer to the
seven products in the series collectively as “NPort IA5150/5250 Series.”
The seven models in the NPort IA5150/5250 Series are:
1.
NPort IA5150
2.
NPort IA5150I
3.
NPort IA5150-M-SC
4.
NPort IA5150I-M-SC
5.
NPort IA5150-S-SC
6.
NPort IA5150I-S-SC
7.
NPort IA5250
1-port RS-232 (DB9), RS-422/485 (TB) to Ethernet Device
Server
1-port RS-232 (DB9), RS-422/485 (TB) to Ethernet Device
Server, w/ 2KV Isolation protection
1-port RS-232 (DB9), RS-422/485 (TB) to Multi-mode Fiber
Device Server
1-port RS-232 (DB9), RS-422/485 (TB) to Multi-mode Fiber
Device Server w/ 2KV Isolation protection
1-port RS-232 (DB9), RS-422/485 (TB) to Single-mode Fiber
Device Server
1-port RS-232 (DB9), RS-422/485 (TB) to Single-mode Fiber
Device Server w/ 2KV Isolation protection
2-port RS-232/422/485 (DB9) to Ethernet Device Server
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰
‰
‰
‰
Overview
Package Checklist
Product Features
Product Specifications
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Introduction
Overview
The NPort IA5150/5250 series of device servers deliver easy and reliable serial-to-Ethernet
connectivity for the industrial automation market. The NPort IA5150/5250 series is designed to
allow any serial device to connect to an Ethernet network. The compact size of NPort IA device
servers makes them an ideal choice for connecting RS-232/422/485 serial devices, such as PLCs,
sensors, meters, motors, drives, barcode readers, and operator displays. The NPort IA5150/5250
Series device servers come with a compact and rugged DIN-Rail mountable casing.
NPort IA serial device servers ensure the compatibility of network software that uses a standard
network API (Winsock or BSD Sockets) by providing five modes: TCP Server, TCP Client, UDP,
Pair Connection, Ethernet Modem, and Rtelnet. Thanks to NPort IA5150/5250 series’ Real
COM/TTY drivers, software that works with COM/TTY ports can be set up to work over a
TCP/IP network, without modifying the serial COM software applications. This excellent feature
preserves your software investment and lets you enjoy the benefits of networking your serial
devices instantly.
NPort IA serial device servers support automatic IP configuration protocols (DHCP, BOOTP) and
manual configuration via a handy web browser console. Both methods ensure quick and effective
installation. And with NPort IA5150/5250’s Windows Utility, installation is very straightforward,
since all system parameters can be stored and then copied to other device servers simultaneously.
Package Checklist
NPort IA5150/5250 Series device servers are shipped with the following items:
Standard Accessories
y
y
y
1 NPort IA5150/5250 serial device server
Documentation & Software CD
NPort IA5150/5250 Series Quick Installation Guide
Optional Accessories
y
y
y
DR-4524: 45W/2A DIN-Rail 24 VDC Power Supply with universal 85 to 264 VAC input
DR-75-24: 75W/3.2A DIN-Rail 24 VDC Power Supply with universal 85 to 264 VAC input
DR-120-24: 120W/5A DIN-Rail 24 VDC Power Supply with 88 to 132 VAC/176 to 264
VAC input by switch
NOTE: Notify your sales representative if any of the above items is missing or damaged.
Product Features
NPort IA5150/5250 Series device servers have the following features:
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Make your serial devices Internet ready
Versatile socket operating modes, including TCP Server, TCP Client, UDP, and Real COM
driver
2- or 4-wire RS-485 with patented ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control)
Slim type, inch-wide industrial strength casing
DIN-Rail or wall mountable
Built-in Ethernet cascading ports for easy wiring (RJ45 only)
Redundant dual DC power inputs
Warning by relay output and E-mail
10/100BaseTX (RJ45) or 100BaseFX (SC connector, Single/Multi mode) available
IP30
1-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Introduction
Product Specifications
NPort IA5150-M-SC/5150I-M-SC/5150-S-SC/5150I-S-SC LAN
Fiber Port
1 100BaseFX port (SC connector)
NPort IA5150/5150I/5250 LAN
Ethernet Switch Ports
2 10/100BaseT(X) ports (RJ45 connector)
Protection
Built-in 1.5 KV magnetic isolation
Optical Fiber
Distance
Min. TX Output
Max. TX Output
Sensitivity
Multi mode: 0 to 2 km, 1310 nm (62.5/125 µm, 500 MHz*km)
Single mode: 0 to 40 km, 1310 nm (9/125 µm, 3.5 PS/(nm*km)
Multi mode: -20 dBm
Single mode: 0 to 40 km, -5 dBm
Multi mode: -14 dBm
Single mode: 0 to 40 km, 0 dBm
-36 to -32 dBm (Single), -34 to -30 dBm (Multi)
NPort IA5150 Series Serial Interface
Interface
RS-232/422/485
No. of Ports
1
Port Type
Male DB9 for RS-232;
5-pin terminal block for RS-422/485
Signals
RS-232:
TxD, RxD, RTS, CTS, GND, DTR, DSR,
DCD
RS-422:
Tx+, Tx-, Rx+, Rx-, GND
RS-485 (2-wire): Data+, Data-, GND
RS-485 (4-wire): Tx+, Tx-, Rx+, Rx-, GND
RS-485 Data Direction
Patented ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control)
Isolation
2 KV (5150I/5150I-M-SC/5150I-S-SC)
Serial Line Protection
15 KV ESD for all signals
NPort IA5250 Serial Interface
Interface
RS-232/422/485
No. of Ports
2
Port Type
Male DB9
Signals
RS-232:
RS-485 Data Direction
Serial Line Protection
TxD, RxD, RTS, CTS, GND, DTR, DSR,
DCD
RS-422:
Tx+, Tx-, Rx+, Rx-, GND
RS-485 (2-wire): Data+, Data-, GND
RS-485 (4-wire): Tx+, Tx-, Rx+, Rx-, GND
Patented ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control)
15 KV ESD for all signals
1-3
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Introduction
Serial Communication Parameters
Parity
None, Even, Odd, Space, Mark
Data Bits
5, 6, 7, 8
Stop Bit
1, 1.5, 2
Flow Control
RTS/CTS (for RS-232 port only), XON/XOFF
Transmission Speed
110 bps to 230.4 Kbps
Software Features
Protocols
Utilities
Real COM/TTY Drivers
Configuration
ICMP, IP, TCP, UDP, DHCP, BOOTP, Telnet, Rtelnet, DNS,
SNMP, HTTP, SMTP, SNTP
NPort Administrator for Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP/2003
Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP/2003 COM driver,
Linux real TTY driver, Unix Fixed TTY driver
Web Browser, Telnet Console, Windows Utility, or Serial
Console
Power Requirements
Power Input
12 to 48 VDC
Alarm Contact
Relay output with current carrying capacity of 1A @ 24 VDC
Mechanical Specifications
Casing
Dimensions (W × D × H)
Gross Weight
Environmental
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Regulatory Approvals
EMC
Safety
WARRANTY
IP30 protection
29 × 89.2 × 118.5 mm
5150 series: 0.15 kg (0.33 lb)
5250: 0.16 kg (0.35 lb)
0 to 55°C (32 to 131°F), 5 to 95%RH
-20 to 85°C (-4 to 185°F), 5 to 95%RH
FCC Class A, CE Class A
CUL;
UL, TÜV (pending)
5 years
1-4
2
Chapter 2
Getting Started
In this chapter, we give instructions on installing NPort IA5150/5250 device servers. Software
installation is covered in subsequent chapters.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰ Panel Layout
‰ Connecting the Hardware
¾ Wiring Requirements
¾ Connecting the Power
¾ Grounding NPort IA5150/5250 Series
¾ Connecting to the Network
¾ Connecting to a Serial Device
¾ LED Indicators
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Getting Started
Panel Layout
NPort IA5150 Series
Top View
Front View
Bottom View
PWR1
PWR2
1
RS-232
RDY
V2+
P1
V2
FX
P1
V1+
LED
Indicators
RS-422/485
V1
Reset
Reset
Fiber optic
Ethernet
Dual power input
and relay output
RS-422/485
IA
5150-M-SC
RS-232
NPort IA 5250
Top View
Front View
Bottom View
PWR1
PWR2
1
P1
RDY
V2+
P1
V2
P2
V1
RS-232/422/485
V1+
LED
Indicators
P2
Reset
Ethernet 1
Reset
Dual power input
and relay output
Ethernet 2
Copper
Ethernet
RS-232/422/485
IA
5250
Connecting the Hardware
This section describes how to connect NPort IA5150/5250 to serial devices for first time testing
purposes. We cover Wiring Requirements, Connecting the Power, Grounding NPort
IA5150/5250 Series, Connecting to the Network, Connecting to a Serial Device, and LED
Indicators.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Getting Started
Wiring Requirements
ATTENTION
Safety First!
Be sure to disconnect the power cord before installing and/or wiring your NPort IA5150/5250
Series.
Wiring Caution!
Calculate the maximum possible current in each power wire and common wire. Observe all
electrical codes dictating the maximum current allowable for each wire size.
If the current goes above the maximum ratings, the wiring could overheat, causing serious
damage to your equipment.
Temperature Caution!
Please take care when handling NPort IA5150/5250. When plugged in, NPort IA5150/5250’s
internal components generate heat, and consequently the casing may feel hot to the touch.
You should also heed the following:
y Use separate paths to route wiring for power and devices. If power wiring and device wiring
paths must cross, make sure the wires are perpendicular at the intersection point.
NOTE: Do not run signal or communication wiring and power wiring in the same wire conduit.
To avoid interference, wires with different signal characteristics should be routed separately.
y You can use the type of signal transmitted through a wire to determine which wires should be
kept separate. The rule of thumb is that wiring that shares similar electrical characteristics can
be bundled together.
y Keep input wiring and output wiring separate.
y Where necessary, it is strongly advised that you label wiring to all devices in the system.
Connecting the Power
Connect the 12-48 VDC power line with NPort IA5150/5250’s terminal block. If the power is
properly supplied, the “Ready” LED will show a solid red color until the system is ready, at which
time the “Ready” LED will change to a green color.
Grounding NPort IA5150/5250 Series
Grounding and wire routing helps limit the effects of noise due to electromagnetic interference
(EMI). Run the ground connection from the ground screw to the grounding surface prior to
connecting devices.
ATTENTION
This product is intended to be mounted to a well-grounded mounting surface such as a metal
panel.
2-3
V1
V1+
V2
1
V2+
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Getting Started
SG: The Shielded Ground (sometimes called Protected
Ground) contact is the left most contact of the 7-pin power
terminal block connector when viewed from the angle
shown here. Connect the SG wire to an appropriate
grounded metal surface.
Connecting to the Network
Connect one end of the Ethernet cable to NPort IA5150/5250’s 10/100M Ethernet port and the
other end of the cable to the Ethernet network. If the cable is properly connected, NPort
IA5150/5250 will indicate a valid connection to the Ethernet in the following ways:
y
y
y
NOTE
The Ethernet LED maintains a solid green color when connected to a 100 Mbps Ethernet
network.
The Ethernet LED maintains a solid orange color when connected to a 10 Mbps Ethernet
network.
The Ethernet LED will flash when Ethernet packets are being transmitted or received.
NPort IA5150 and NPort IA5250 each have 2 Ethernet ports, which can be used to create an
open chain of NPort IA device servers. You must be careful not to connect the Ethernet ports of
the two device servers at the ends of the chain. In other words, NPort IA does NOT support a
closed chain.
Connecting to a Serial Device
Connect the serial data cable between NPort IA5150/5250 and the serial device. Serial data cables
are optional accessories for NPort.
2-4
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Getting Started
LED Indicators
The top panels of all NPort IA5150/5250 device servers have four LED indicators, as described in
the following table.
LED Name
PWR1,
PWR2
LED Color
red
red
RDY
green
Ethernet
P1, P2
FX
off
orange
green
off
orange
green
off
orange
LED Function
Power is being supplied to power input PWR1, PWR2.
Steady on: Power is on and NPort IA is booting up.
Blinking: Indicates an IP conflict, or DHCP or BOOTP server
did not respond properly, or a relay output occurred.
When the above two conditions occur at the same
time, check the relay output first. If after resolving the
relay output the RDY LED is still blinking, then there
is an IP conflict, or the DHCP or BOOTP server did
not respond properly.
Steady on: Power is on and NPort IA is functioning normally.
Blinking: The device server has been located by
Administrator’s Location function.
Power is off, or power error condition exists.
10 Mbps Ethernet connection.
100 Mbps Ethernet connection.
Ethernet cable is disconnected, or has a short.
Serial port is receiving data.
Serial port is transmitting data.
No data is being transmitted or received through the serial port.
Steady on: Ethernet fiber connection, but port is idle.
Blinking: Fiber port is transmitting or receiving data.
2-5
3
Chapter 3
Initial IP Address Configuration
When setting up your NPort IA5150/5250 for the first time, the first thing you should do is
configure the IP address. This chapter introduces the methods that can be used to configure the
device server’s IP address. Select one of the initial IP Address configuration methods to
configure NPort IA5150/5250’s IP Address. For more details about network settings, see the
Network Settings section from Chapter 5, Web Console Configuration.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Initializing NPort IA5150/5250’s IP Address
Factory Default IP Address
NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite
ARP
Telnet Console
Serial Console (19200, n, 8, 1)
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
Initializing NPort IA5150/5250’s IP Address
1.
2.
3.
Determine whether your NPort IA5150/5250 needs to use a Static IP or Dynamic IP (either
DHCP or BOOTP application).
If NPort IA5150/5250 is used in a Static IP environment, you can use NPort IA5150/5250
Administration Suite, ARP, Web Console, Telnet Console, or Serial Console to configure the
new IP address.
If NPort IA5150/5250 is used in a Dynamic IP environment, you can use NPort
IA5150/5250 Administration Suite, Web Console, Telnet Console, or Serial Console to
configure NPort IA5150/5250 to get an IP address dynamically with DHCP, DHCP/BOOTP,
or BOOTP.
ATTENTION
Consult your network administrator on how to reserve a fixed IP address for your NPort
IA5150/5250 in the MAC-IP mapping table when using a DHCP Server or BOOTP Server. In
most applications, you should assign a fixed IP address to your NPort IA5150/5250.
Factory Default IP Address
NPort IA5150/5250 products are configured with the following default private IP address:
Default IP address:
192.168.127.254
(IP addresses of the form 192.168.xxx.xxx are referred to as private IP addresses, since it is not
possible to directly access a device configured with a private IP address from a public network.
For example, you would not be able to ping such a device from an outside Internet connection.
NPort IA5150/5250 applications that require sending data over a public network, such as the
Internet, require setting up the server with a valid public IP address, which can be leased from a
local ISP.)
NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite
NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite consists of some useful utility programs that are used to
configure and manage your NPort IA5150/5250.
See Chapter 5 for details on how to install NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite, and
how to use this suite of useful utilities to set up IP addresses and configure your NPort
IA5150/5250 Series serial device servers.
ARP
You can make use of the ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) command to set up an IP address for
your NPort IA5150/5250. The ARP command tells your computer to associate the NPort
IA5150/5250’s MAC address with the intended IP address. You must then use Telnet to access the
NPort IA5150/5250, at which point the device server’s IP address will be reconfigured.
ATTENTION
In order to use this setup method, both your computer and NPort IA5150/5250 must be
connected to the same LAN. Or, you may use a cross-over Ethernet cable to connect the NPort
IA5150/5250 directly to your computer’s Ethernet card. Before executing the ARP command,
your NPort IA5150/5250 must be configured with the factory default IP address
(192.168.127.254), and your computer and the NPort IA must be on the same subnet.
3-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
Take the following steps to use ARP to configure the IP address:
1. Obtain a valid IP address for your NPort IA5150/5250 from your network administrator.
2. Obtain NPort IA5150/5250’s MAC address from the label on its bottom panel.
3. Execute the ‘arp -s’ command from your computer’s MS-DOS prompt by typing:
arp -s 192.168.200.100 00-90-E8-xx-xx-xx
This is where 192.168.200.100 is the new IP address and 00-90-E8-xx-xx-xx is the MAC
address for your NPort IA5150/5250. (Be sure to use the actual IP address and MAC address
for your NPort IA5150/5250.)
4. Next, execute a special Telnet command by typing:
telnet 192.168.200.100 6000
After issuing this command, a Connect failed message will appear, as shown here. After the
NPort IA5150/5250 reboots, its IP address should be updated to the new address, and you can
reconnect using either Telnet, Web, or Administrator to check that the update was successful.
Telnet Console
Depending on how your computer and network are configured, you may find it convenient to use
network access to set up your NPort IA5150/5250’s IP address. This can be done using Telnet.
ATTENTION
Figures in this chapter were generated using NPort IA5250.
1.
From the Windows desktop, click on Start and then select Run.
2.
Type telnet 192.168.127.254 (use the correct IP address if different from the default)
in the Open text input box, and then click OK.
3.
When the Telnet window opens, if you are prompted to input the Console password, input
the password and then press Enter.
Note that this page will only appear if the NPort IA5150/5250 is password protected.
3-3
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
4.
Type 2 to select Network settings, and then press Enter.
5.
Type 1 to select IP address and then press Enter.
6.
Use the Backspace key to erase the current IP address, type in the new IP address, and then
press Enter.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
7.
Press any key to continue.
8.
Type m and then press Enter to return to the main menu.
9.
Type s and then press Enter to Save/Restart the system.
10. Type y and then press Enter to save the new IP address and restart NPort IA5150/5250.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
Serial Console (19200, n, 8, 1)
You may use the RS-232 console port to set up the IP address for NPort IA5150/5250. We suggest
using PComm Terminal Emulator, which is available free of charge as part of the PComm Lite
program suite, to carry out the installation procedure, although other similar utilities may also be
used.
ATTENTION
The Serial Console is an RS-232 port (port 1 for NPort IA5250).
Before you start to configure the NPort IA5150/5250 via serial console, turn off the power and
connect the serial cable from NPort IA5150/5250 to your computer’s serial port.
1.
Connect NPort IA5150/5250’s serial port 1 directly to your computer’s male RS-232 serial
port.
2.
From the Windows desktop click on Start Æ Programs Æ PComm Lite Æ Terminal
Emulator.
3.
When the PComm Terminal Emulator window opens, first click on the Port Manager
menu item and select Open, or simply click on the Open icon.
4.
The Property window opens automatically. From the Communication Parameter page,
select the appropriate COM port for the connection, COM1 in this example, and 19200 for
Baud Rate, 8 for Data Bits, None for Parity, and 1 for Stop Bits.
5.
From the Property window’s Terminal page, select ANSI or VT100 for Terminal Type and
then click OK.
If you select Dumb Terminal as the terminal type, some of the console functions—especially
the “Monitor” function—may not work properly.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Initial IP Address Configuration
6.
Press the “ ` ” key continuously and then power on the NPort IA5150/5250.
7.
NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically switch from data mode to console mode as it receives a
continuous string of “ ` ”.
8.
Input the password when prompted. Note that this page will only appear when the NPort
IA5150/5250 has been set up for password protection.
9.
Start configuring the IP address under Network Settings. Refer to step 4 in the Telnet
Console section for the rest of the IP settings.
3-7
4
Chapter 4
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
In this chapter, we describe the various NPort IA5150/5250 operation modes. The options include
an operation mode that uses a driver installed on the host computer, and operation modes that rely
on TCP/IP socket programming concepts. After choosing the proper operation mode in this
chapter, refer to Chapter 5 for detailed configuration parameter definitions.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Overview
Real COM Mode
TCP Server Mode
TCP Client Mode
UDP Mode
Pair Connection Mode
Ethernet Modem Mode
Reverse Telnet Mode
Disabled Mode
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
Overview
NPort IA5150/5250 Serial Device Servers network-enable traditional RS-232/422/485 devices, in
which a Serial Device Server is a tiny computer equipped with a CPU, real-time OS, and TCP/IP
protocols that can bi-directionally translate data between the serial and Ethernet formats. Your
computer can access, manage, and configure remote facilities and equipment over the Internet
from anywhere in the world.
Traditional SCADA and data collection systems rely on serial ports (RS-232/422/485) to collect
data from various kinds of instruments. Since NPort IA5150/5250 Serial Device Servers
network-enable instruments equipped with an RS-232/422/485 communication port, your SCADA
and data collection system will be able to access all instruments connected to a standard TCP/IP
network, regardless of whether the devices are used locally or at a remote site.
NPort IA5150/5250 is an external IP-based network device that allows you to expand the number
of serial ports for a host computer on demand. As long as your host computer supports the TCP/IP
protocol, you won’t be limited by the host computer’s bus limitation (such as ISA or PCI), or lack
of drivers for various operating systems.
In addition to providing socket access, NPort IA5150/5250 also comes with a Real COM/TTY
driver that transmits all serial signals intact. This means that your existing COM/TTY-based
software can be preserved, without needing to invest in additional software.
Three different Socket Modes are available: TCP Server, TCP Client, and UDP Server/Client. The
main difference between the TCP and UDP protocols is that TCP guarantees delivery of data by
requiring the recipient to send an acknowledgement to the sender. UDP does not require this type
of verification, making it possible to offer speedier delivery. UDP also allows unicast or multicast
of data to only one IP or groups of IP addresses.
Real COM Mode
NPort IA5150/5250 comes equipped with COM
drivers that work with Windows
95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP systems, and also TTY
drivers for Linux systems. The driver establishes a
transparent connection between host and serial
device by mapping the IP:Port of the NPort
IA5150/5250’s serial port to a local COM/TTY
port on the host computer. Real COM Mode also
supports up to 4 simultaneous connections, so that
multiple hosts can collect data from the same
serial device at the same time.
Real COM Mode
COM3=IP Port
TCP/IP
Ethernet
Driver Mode
RS-232/422/485
Device
4-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
ATTENTION
The driver used for Real COM Mode comes with the NPort IA5150/5250 NPort Administrator.
The driver is installed automatically on your computer when you install NPort IA5150/5250
Administration Suite.
One of the major conveniences of using Real COM Mode is that Real COM Mode allows users to
continue using RS-232/422/485 serial communications software that was written for pure serial
communications applications. The driver intercepts data sent to the host’s COM port, packs it into
a TCP/IP packet, and then redirects it through the host’s Ethernet card. At the other end of the
connection, the NPort IA5150/5250 accepts the Ethernet frame, unpacks the TCP/IP packet, and
then transparently sends it to the appropriate serial device attached to one of the NPort
IA5150/5250’s serial ports.
ATTENTION
Real COM Mode allows several hosts to have access control over the same NPort IA5150/5250.
The driver that comes with your NPort IA5150/5250 controls host access to attached serial
devices by checking the host’s IP address. Refer to Accessible IP Settings in Chapter 5 for more
details.
TCP Server Mode
In TCP Server mode, NPort IA5150/5250 is
configured with a unique IP:Port address on a
TCP/IP network. NPort IA5150/5250 waits
passively to be contacted by the host computer,
allowing the host computer to establish a
connection with and get data from the serial
device. This operation mode also supports up to 4
simultaneous connections, so that multiple hosts
can collect data from the same serial device—at
the same time.
As illustrated in the figure, data transmission
proceeds as follows:
1.
2.
The host requests a connection from the
NPort IA5150/5250 configured for TCP
Server Mode.
Once the connection is established, data can
be transmitted in both directions—from the
host to the NPort IA5150/5250, and from the
NPort IA5150/5250 to the host.
4-3
TCP Server Mode
1
TCP/IP
Ethernet
2
TCP Server
1Request a
connection
2Proceed with
data transmission
RS-232/422/485
Device
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
TCP Client Mode
In TCP Client mode, NPort IA5150/5250 can
actively establish a TCP connection to a
pre-defined host computer when serial data
arrives.
After the data has been transferred, NPort
IA5150/5250 can automatically disconnect from
the host computer by using the TCP alive check
time or Inactivity time settings. Refer to Chapter
5 for more details.
As illustrated in the figure, data transmission
proceeds as follows:
1.
2.
The NPort IA5150/5250 configured for TCP
Client Mode requests a connection from the
host.
TCP Client Mode
1
TCP/IP
Ethernet
2
TCP Client
1Request a
connection
2Proceed with
data transmission
RS-232/422/485
Device
Once the connection is established, data can
be transmitted in both directions—from the
host to the NPort IA5150/5250, and from the
NPort IA5150/5250 to the host.
UDP Mode
Compared to TCP communication, UDP is faster
and more efficient. In UDP mode, you can unicast
or multicast data from the serial device to one or
multiple host computers, and the serial device can
also receive data from one or multiple host
computers, making this mode ideal for message
display applications.
UDP Mode
Directly proceed with
data transmission
(no connection required)
TCP/IP
Ethernet
RS-232/422/485
Device
Pair Connection Mode
Pair Connection Mode employs two NPort IA5150/5250 in tandem, and can be used to remove the
15-meter distance limitation imposed by the RS-232 interface. One NPort IA5150/5250 is
connected from its RS-232 port to the COM port of a PC or other type of computer, such as
hand-held PDAs that have a serial port, and the serial device is connected to the RS-232 port of the
other NPort IA5150/5250. The two NPort IA5150/5250 units are then connected to each other
with a cross-over Ethernet cable, both are connected to the same LAN, or in a more advanced
setup, they communicate with each other over a WAN (i.e., through one or more routers). Pair
Connection Mode transparently transfers both data and modem control signals (although it cannot
transmit the DCD signal) between the two NPorts.
4-4
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Choosing the Proper Operation Mode
Ethernet Modem Mode
Ethernet Modem Mode is designed for use with legacy operating systems, such as MS-DOS, that do
not support TCP/IP Ethernet. By connecting one of NPort IA5150/5250’s serial port to the MS-DOS
computer’s serial port, it is possible to use legacy software originally designed to transmit data via
modem, but now transmit the data over the Ethernet.
Reverse Telnet Mode
Console management is commonly used by connecting to Console/AUX or COM ports of routers,
switches, and UPS units. Rtelnet works the same as RAW mode in that only one TCP port is
listened to after booting up. The system then waits for a host on the network to initiate a
connection. The difference is that the RAW mode does not provide the conversion function
provided by Telnet. If the connected devices need to use the CR/LF conversion function when
controlling, then users must choose Rtelnet mode. In addition, since NPort IA5150/5250’s Rtelnet
mode is widely used in device management in Telecommunication control rooms, managers for
remote hosts can also use a Local User Table or RADIUS to identity verification methods.
Disabled Mode
When the Operation Mode for a particular port is set to Disabled, that port will be disabled.
4-5
5
Chapter 5
Web Console Configuration
The Web Console is the most user-friendly method available to configure NPort IA5150/5250. In
this chapter, we introduce the Web Console function groups and function definitions.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Opening Your Browser
Basic Settings
Network Settings
Serial Settings
Operating Settings
¾ Real COM Mode
¾ TCP Server Mode
¾ TCP Client Mode
¾ UDP Mode
¾ Pair Connection Mode
¾ Ethernet Modem Mode
¾ Reverse Telnet Mode
¾ Disabled Mode
Accessible IP Settings
Auto warning Settings
¾ Auto warning: E-mail and SNMP trap
¾ Event Type
Monitor
¾ Monitor Line
¾ Monitor Async
¾ Monitor Async-Settings
¾ Monitor Relay Output
Change Password
Load Factory Default
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Opening Your Browser
1. Open your browser with the cookie function enabled. (To enable your browser for cookies,
right click on your desktop Internet Explorer icon, select Properties, click on the Security tab,
and then select the three Enable options as shown in the figure below.)
2. Type 192.168.127.254 in the Address input box (use the correct IP address if different
from the default), and then press Enter.
3. Input the password if prompted. The password will be transmitted with MD5 encryption over
the Ethernet.
Note that you will not be prompted to enter the password if the NPort IA5150/5250 is not
currently password protected.
5-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
If you use other web browsers, remember to Enable the functions to “allow cookies that are
stored on your computer” or “allow per-session cookies.”
NPort IA5150/5250 uses cookies only for “password” transmission.
ATTENTION
Refer to Chapter 3, “Initial IP Address Configuration,” to see how to configure the IP address.
Examples shown in this chapter use the Factory Default IP address (192.168.127.254).
The NPort IA5150/5250 homepage will open. On this page, you can see a brief description of the
Web Console’s nine function groups.
5-3
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
If you can’t remember the password, the ONLY way to start configuring NPort IA5150/5250 is
to load factory defaults by using the Reset button.
Remember to use NPort Administrator to export the configuration file when you have finished
the configuration. After using the Reset button to load factory defaults, your configuration can be
easily reloaded into NPort IA5150/5250 by using the NPort Administrator Import function. Refer
to Chapter 6 for more details about using the Export and Import functions.
ATTENTION
If your NPort IA5150/5250 application requires using password protection, you must enable the
cookie function in your browser. If the cookie function is disabled, you will not be allowed to
enter the Web Console Screen.
Basic Settings
Server name
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 39 characters
[model name]_[Serial No.]
Optional
This option is useful for specifying the location or application of different NPort IA5150/5250s.
Time
NPort IA5150/5250 has a built-in Real-Time Clock for time calibration functions. Functions such
as Auto warning “Email” or “SNMP Trap” can add real-time information to their messages.
5-4
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
First time users should select the time zone first. The Console will display the “real time”
according to the time zone compared to GMT.
If you would like to modify the real time clock, select “Local time.” NPort IA5150/5250’s
firmware will modify the GMT time according to the Time Zone.
Time zone
Setting
User selectable time zone
Local time
Setting
User adjustable time
(1900/1/1-2037/12/31)
Factory Default
Necessity
GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)
Optional
Factory Default
Necessity
GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)
Optional
Click on the Modify button to open the Modify time settings window to input the correct local
time.
Time server
Setting
IP Address or Domain Name
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
(E.g., 192.168.1.1, time.stdtime.gov.tw, or
time.nist.gov)
NPort IA5150/5250 uses SNTP (RFC-1769) for auto time calibration.
Input the correct “Time server” IP address or domain name. Once NPort IA5150/5250 is
configured with the correct Time server address, NPort IA5150/5250 will request time information
from the “Time server” every 10 minutes.
Web/Telnet Console
The “Disable” option for “Web Console” and “Telnet Console” is included for security reasons. In
some cases, you may want to Disable one or both of these console utilities as an extra precaution
to prevent unauthorized users from accessing your NPort IA5150/5250. The factory default for
both Web console and Telnet console is Enable.
5-5
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Web console
Setting
Enable or Disable
Telnet console
Setting
Enable or Disable
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable
Required
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable
Required
ATTENTION
If you disable both the “Web console” and “Telnet console,” you can still use NPort
Administrator to configure NPort IA5150/5250 either locally or remotely over the network.
Refer to Chapter 6 for more details.
Reset button protect
Setting
No or Yes
Options are No and Yes, with default = No.
Factory Default
Necessity
No
Optional
NOTE: Select the Yes option to allow limited use of the Reset Button. In this case, the Reset
Button can be used for only 60 seconds. I.e., 60 sec. after booting up, the Reset Button will be
disabled automatically.
Network Settings
5-6
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
You must assign a valid IP address to NPort IA5150/5250 before it will work in your network
environment. Your network system administrator should provide you with an IP address and
related settings for your network. The IP address must be unique within the network (otherwise,
NPort IA5150/5250 will not have a valid connection to the network). First time users can refer to
Chapter 3, “Initial IP Address Configuration,” for more information.
You can choose from four possible “IP configuration” modes—Static, DHCP, DHCP/BOOTP,
and BOOTP—located under the web console screen’s IP configuration drop-down box.
Method
Function Definition
Static
User defined IP address, Netmask, Gateway.
DHCP
DHCP Server assigned IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS, and Time
Server
DHCP/BOOTP DHCP Server assigned IP address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS, and Time
Server, or BOOTP Server assigned IP address (if the DHCP Server does not
respond)
BOOTP
BOOTP Server assigns IP address
IP Address
Setting
E.g., 192.168.1.1
Factory Default
Necessity
192.168.127.254
Required
(IP addresses of the form x.x.x.0 and
x.x.x.255 are invalid.)
An IP address is a number assigned to a network device (such as a computer) as a permanent
address on the network. Computers use the IP address to identify and talk to each other over the
network. Choose a proper IP address that is unique and valid in your network environment.
Netmask
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Required
A subnet mask represents all of the network hosts at one geographic location, in one building, or
on the same local area network. When a packet is sent out over the network, the NPort
IA5150/5250 will use the subnet mask to check whether the desired TCP/IP host specified in the
packet is on the local network segment. If the address is on the same network segment as the
NPort IA5150/5250, a connection is established directly from the NPort IA5150/5250. Otherwise,
the connection is established through the given default gateway.
Gateway
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 192.168.1.1
None
Optional
A gateway is a network gateway that acts as an entrance to another network. Usually, the
computers that control traffic within the network or at the local Internet service provider are
gateway nodes. NPort IA5150/5250 needs to know the IP address of the default gateway computer
in order to communicate with the hosts outside the local network environment. For correct
gateway IP address information, consult the network administrator.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
IP configuration
Setting
Static
DHCP
DHCP/BOOTP
BOOTP
Factory Default
Static
Necessity
Required
ATTENTION
In Dynamic IP environments, the firmware will retry 3 times every 30 seconds until network
settings are assigned by the DHCP or BOOTP server. The Timeout for each try increases from 1
second, to 3 seconds, to 5 seconds.
If the DHCP/BOOTP Server is unavailable, the firmware will use the default IP address
(192.168.127.254), Netmask, and Gateway for IP settings.
DNS server 1 / DNS server 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
E.g., 192.168.1.1
None
Optional
(IP addresses of the form x.x.x.0 and
x.x.x.255 are invalid.)
When the user wants to visit a particular website, the computer asks a Domain Name System
(DNS) server for the website’s correct IP address, and then the computer uses the response to
connect to the web server. DNS is the way that Internet domain names are identified and translated
into IP addresses. A domain name is an alphanumeric name, such as moxa.com, that it is usually
easier to remember. A DNS server is a host that translates this kind of text-based domain name
into the numeric IP address used to establish a TCP/IP connection.
In order to use NPort IA5150/5250’s DNS feature, you need to configure the DNS server. Doing
so allows NPort IA5150/5250 to use a host’s domain name to access the host. NPort IA5150/5250
provides DNS server 1 and DNS server 2 configuration items to configure the IP address of the
DNS server. DNS Server 2 is included for use when DNS sever 1 is unavailable.
NPort IA5150/5250 plays the role of DNS client, in the sense that the NPort IA5150/5250 will
actively query the DNS server for the IP address associated with a particular domain name. NPort
IA5150/5250 functions that support domain name are Time server, Destination IP Address in
TCP Client mode, Mail Server, SNMP trap server, and Auto report to IP.
SNMP Settings
Community name
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 39 characters
public
Optional
(E.g., Support, 886-89191230 #300)
A community name is a plain-text password mechanism that is used to authenticate weakly queries
to agents of managed network devices.
Contact
Setting
1 to 39 characters
(E.g., Support, 886-89191230 #300)
5-8
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
The SNMP contact information usually includes an emergency contact name and telephone or
pager number.
Location
Setting
1 to 39 characters
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
(E.g., Floor 1, office 2)
Specify the location string for SNMP agents such as NPort IA5150/5250. This string is usually set
to the street address where the NPort IA5150/5250 is physically located.
IP Address Report
When NPort IA5150/5250 Series products are used in a dynamic IP environment, users must
spend more time with IP management tasks. For example, if NPort IA5150/5250 works as a server
(TCP or UDP), then the host, which acts as a client, must know the IP address of the server. If the
DHCP server assigns a new IP address to NPort IA5150/5250, the host must have some way of
determining NPort IA5150/5250’s new IP address.
NPort IA5150/5250 Series products help out by reporting their IP address periodically to the IP
location server, in case the dynamic IP has changed. The parameters shown below are used to
configure the Auto IP report function. There are two ways to develop an “Auto IP report Server”
to receive NPort IA5150/5250’s Auto IP report.
1.
2.
Use Device Server Administrator’s IP Address Report function.
“Auto IP report protocol,” which can receive the Auto IP report automatically on a regular
basis, is also available to help you develop your own software. Refer to Appendix E for the
“Auto IP report protocol.”
Auto report to IP
Setting
E.g., 192.168.1.1 or URL
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
(IP addresses of the form x.x.x.0 and
x.x.x.255 are invalid.)
Reports generated by the Auto report function will be sent to this IP address automatically.
Auto report to TCP port
Setting
E.g., 4001
Auto report period
Setting
Time interval (in seconds)
5-9
Factory Default
Necessity
4002
Optional
Factory Default
Necessity
10
Optional
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Serial Settings
Click on Serial Settings, located under Main Menu, to display serial port settings for ports 1
and 2.
To modify serial settings for a particular port, click on either Port 1 or Port 2 under Serial
Settings, located under Main Menu on the left side of the browser window.
Port alias
Setting
1 to 15 characters
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
(E.g., PLC-No.1)
“Port alias” is included to allow easy identification of the serial devices that are connected to
NPort IA5150/5250’s serial port.
Serial Parameters
ATTENTION
Check the serial communication parameters in your Serial Device’s user’s manual. You should
set up NPort IA5150/5250’s serial parameters with the same communication parameters used by
your serial devices.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Baud rate
Setting
110 bps to 230400 bps
Data bits
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
115200 bps
Required
Factory Default
Necessity
5, 6, 7, 8
8
Required
When the user sets Data bits to 5 bits, the Stop bits setting will automatically change to 1.5 bits.
Stop bits
Setting
Factory Default
1, 2
1
Stop bits will be set to 1.5 when Data bits is set to 5 bits.
Parity
Setting
None, Even, Odd, Space, Mark
Flow control
Setting
None, RTS/CTS, DTR/DSR, Xon/Xoff
FIFO
Setting
Necessity
Required
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Required
Factory Default
Necessity
RTS/CTS
Required
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable, Disable
Enable
Required
NPort IA5150/5250’s serial ports provide a 16-byte FIFO both in the Tx and Rx directions. To
prevent data loss during communication, disable the FIFO setting when your serial device does not
have a FIFO.
Interface
Setting
RS-232
RS-422
2-wire RS-485
4-wire RS-485
Factory Default
Necessity
RS-232
Required
Operating Settings
Click on Operating Settings, located under Main Menu, to display the operating settings for both
of NPort IA5150/5250’s serial ports.
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NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Real COM Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort IA5150/5250 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP
activity for the given time. After the connection is closed, NPort IA5150/5250 starts listening for
another Real COM driver connection from another host.
Max connection
Setting
1, 2, 3, 4
Factory Default
Necessity
1
Required
Max connection is usually used when the user needs to receive data from different hosts
simultaneously. The factory default is 1. In this case, only one specific host can access this port of
the NPort IA5150/5250, and the Real COM driver on that host will have full control over the port.
Max. connection 1:
Allows only 1 host’s Real COM driver to open the specific NPort IA5150/5250 serial port.
Max connection 2 to 4:
Allows 2 to 4 host’s Real COM drivers to open the specific NPort IA5150/5250 serial port, at the
same time. When multiple hosts’ Real COM drivers open the serial port at the same time, the
COM driver only provides a pure data tunnel without control ability. That is, this serial port
parameter will use the firmware settings, instead of depending on your application program (AP).
Application software that is based on the COM driver will receive a driver response of “success”
when the software uses any of the Win32 API functions. The firmware will only send the data
back to the driver on the host.
Data will be sent first-in-first-out when data comes into the NPort IA5150/5250 from the Ethernet
interface.
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Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
When Max connection is set to 2, 3, or 4, this means that NPort IA5150/5250 will be using a
“multi connection application” (i.e., 2, 3, or 4 hosts are allowed access to the port at the same
time). When using a multi connection application, NPort IA5150/5250 will use the serial
communication parameters set in the console. All of the hosts connected to that port must use the
same serial settings. If one of the hosts opens the COM port with parameters that are different
from NPort IA5150/5250’s console setting, data communication may not work properly.
Ignore jammed IP
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
No or Yes
No
Optional
Previously, when Max connections > 1, and the serial device is transmitting data, if any one of the
connected hosts is not responding, it will wait until the data has been transmitted successfully
before transmitting the second group of data to all hosts. Currently, if you select Yes for “Ignore
jammed IP,” the host that is not responding will be ignored, but the data will still be transmitted to
the other hosts.
Allow driver control
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Yes or No
No
Optional
If “max connection” is greater than 1, NPort will ignore driver control commands from all
connected hosts. However, if you set “Allow driver control” to YES, control commands will be
accepted. Note that since NPort IA may get configuration changes from multiple hosts, the most
recent command received will take precedence.
Packing length
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
0 to 1024
0
Optional
Default = 0, The Delimiter Process will be followed, regardless of the length of the data packet. If
the data length (in bytes) matches the configured value, the data will be forced out. The data length
can be configured for 0 to 1024 bytes. Set to 0 if you do not need to limit the length.
Delimiter 1
Setting
00 to FF (hex)
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Once the NPort IA5150/5250 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs
all data currently in its buffer and sends it to the NPort IA5150/5250’s Ethernet port.
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Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically pack
the data and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least
enable Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function
will not work properly.
Delimiter process
Setting
Do nothing
Delimiter + 1
Delimiter + 2
Strip Delimiter
Factory Default
Necessity
Do Nothing
Optional
[Delimiter + 1] or [Delimiter + 2]: The data will be transmitted when an additional byte (for
Delimiter +1), or an additional 2 bytes (for Delimiter +2) of data is received after receiving the
Delimiter.
[Strip Delimiter]: When the Delimiter is received, the Delimiter is deleted (i.e., stripped), and the
remaining data is transmitted.
[Do nothing]: The data will be transmitted when the Delimiter is received.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
0 ms
Necessity
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort IA5150/5250’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data
received during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort IA5150/5250 fetches the serial data
from its internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort IA5150/5250 stores the
data in the internal buffer. NPort IA5150/5250 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but
only if the internal buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified
under Force transmit timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort IA5150/5250 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force
transmit timeout for NPort IA5150/5250, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to
NPort IA5150/5250’s internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort
IA5150/5250 is 1 KB per port.
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TCP Server Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort IA5150/5250 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP
activity for the given time. After the connection is closed, NPort IA5150/5250 starts listening for
another host’s TCP connection.
Inactivity time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 65535 ms
0 ms
0 ms: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle serial line.
Necessity
Optional
0-65535 ms: NPort IA5150/5250 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no serial data
activity for the given time. After the connection is closed, NPort IA5150/5250 starts listening for
another host’s TCP connection.
This parameter defines the maintenance status as Closed or Listen for the TCP connection. The
connection is closed if there is no incoming or outgoing data through the serial port during the
specific Inactivity time.
If the Inactivity time is set to 0, the current TCP connection is kept active until a connection close
request is received. Although Inactivity time is disabled, the NPort IA5150/5250 will check the
connection status between the NPort IA5150/5250 and remote host by sending “keep alive”
packets periodically. If the remote host does not respond to the packet, NPort IA5150/5250
assumes that the connection was closed down unintentionally. NPort IA5150/5250 will then force
the existing TCP connection to close.
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ATTENTION
The Inactivity time should at least be set larger than that of Force transmit timeout. To prevent
the unintended loss of data due to the session being disconnected, it is highly recommended that
this value is set large enough so that the intended data transfer is completed.
Max connection
Setting
1, 2, 3, 4
Factory Default
Necessity
1
Required
Max connection is usually used when the user needs to receive data from different hosts
simultaneously. The factory default only allows 1 connection at a time.
Max. Connection 1:
NPort IA5150/5250 only allows 1 host to open the TCP connection to the specific serial port.
Max Connection 2 to 4:
Allows 2 to 4 host’s TCP connection request to open this NPort IA5150/5250 serial port, at the
same time. When multiple hosts establish a TCP connection to the specific serial port at the same
time, NPort IA5150/5250 will duplicate the serial data and transmit to all of the hosts. Ethernet
data is sent on a first-in-first-out basis to the serial port when data comes into NPort IA5150/5250
from the Ethernet interface.
Ignore jammed IP
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
No or Yes
No
Optional
Previously, when Max connections > 1, and the serial device is transmitting data, if any one of the
connected hosts is not responding, it will wait until the data has been transmitted successfully
before transmitting the second group of data to all hosts. Currently, if you select Yes for “Ignore
jammed IP,” the host that is not responding will be ignored, but the data will still be transmitted to
the other hosts.
Allow driver control
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
No or Yes
No
Optional
If “max connection” is greater than 1, NPort will ignore driver control commands from all
connected hosts. However, if you set “Allow driver control” to YES, control commands will be
accepted. Note that since NPort IA may get configuration changes from multiple hosts, the most
recent command received will take precedence.
Packing length
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
0 to 1024
0
Optional
Default = 0, The Delimiter Process will be followed, regardless of the length of the data packet. If
the data length (in bytes) matches the configured value, the data will be forced out. The data length
can be configured for 0 to 1024 bytes. Set to 0 if you do not need to limit the length.
Delimiter 1
Setting
00 to FF (hex)
5-16
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Web Console Configuration
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Once the NPort IA5150/5250 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs
all data currently in its buffer and sends it to the NPort IA5150/5250’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically pack
the data and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least
enable Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function
will not work properly.
Delimiter process
Setting
Do nothing
Delimiter + 1
Delimiter + 2
Strip Delimiter
Factory Default
Necessity
Do Nothing
Optional
[Delimiter + 1] or [Delimiter + 2]: The data will be transmitted when an additional byte (for
Delimiter +1), or an additional 2 bytes (for Delimiter +2) of data is received after receiving the
Delimiter.
[Strip Delimiter]: When the Delimiter is received, the Delimiter is deleted (i.e., stripped), and the
remaining data is transmitted.
[Do nothing]: The data will be transmitted when the Delimiter is received.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
Necessity
0 ms
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort IA5150/5250’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data
received during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort IA5150/5250 fetches the serial data
from its internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort IA5150/5250 stores the
data in the internal buffer. NPort IA5150/5250 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but
only if the internal buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified
under Force transmit timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no for parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
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NPort IA5150/5250 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force
transmit timeout for NPort IA5150/5250, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to
NPort IA5150/5250’s internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort
IA5150/5250 is 1 KB per port.
Local TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The”Local TCP port” is the TCP port that NPort IA5150/5250 uses to listen to connections, and
that other devices must use to contact NPort IA5150/5250. To avoid conflicts with well known
TCP ports, the default is set to 4001.
Command port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
966
Optional
The “Command port” is a listen TCP port for IP-Serial Lib commands from the host. In order to
prevent a TCP port conflict with other applications, the user can set the Command port to another
port if needed. IP-Serial Lib will automatically check the Command Port on NPort IA5150/5250
so that the user does not need to configure the program.
TCP Client Mode
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TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort IA5150/5250 closes the TCP connection automatically if there is no TCP
activity for the given time.
Inactivity time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 65535 ms
0 ms
0 ms: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle serial line.
Necessity
Optional
0-65535 ms: NPort IA5150/5250 closes the TCP connection automatically if there is no serial data
activity for the given time.
This parameter defines the maintenance status as Closed or Listen for the TCP connection. The
connection is closed if there is no incoming or outgoing data through the serial port during the
specific Inactivity time.
If the Inactivity time is set to 0, the current TCP connection is kept active until a connection close
request is received. Although Inactivity time is disabled, the NPort IA5150/5250 will check the
connection status between the NPort IA5150/5250 and remote host by sending “keep alive”
packets periodically. If the remote host does not respond to the packet, NPort IA5150/5250
assumes that the connection was closed down unintentionally. NPort IA5150/5250 will then force
the existing TCP connection to close.
ATTENTION
The Inactivity time should at least be set larger than that of Force transmit timeout. To prevent
the unintended loss of data due to the session being disconnected, it is highly recommended that
this value is set large enough so that the intended data transfer is completed.
ATTENTION
Inactivity time is ONLY active when “TCP connect on” is set to “Any character.”
Ignore jammed IP
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
No or Yes
No
Optional
Previously, when Max connections > 1, and the serial device is transmitting data, if any one of the
connected hosts is not responding, it will wait until the data has been transmitted successfully
before transmitting the second group of data to all hosts. Currently, if you select Yes for “Ignore
jammed IP,” the host that is not responding will be ignored, but the data will still be transmitted to
the other hosts.
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Packing length
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
0 to 1024
0
Optional
Default = 0, The Delimiter Process will be followed, regardless of the length of the data packet. If
the data length (in bytes) matches the configured value, the data will be forced out. The data length
can be configured for 0 to 1024 bytes. Set to 0 if you do not need to limit the length.
Delimiter 1
Setting
00 to FF (hex)
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF (hex)
None
Optional
Once the NPort IA5150/5250 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs
all data currently in its buffer and sends it to the NPort IA5150/5250’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically pack
the data and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least
enable Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function
will not work properly.
Delimiter process
Setting
Do nothing
Delimiter + 1
Delimiter + 2
Strip Delimiter
Factory Default
Necessity
Do Nothing
Optional
[Delimiter + 1] or [Delimiter + 2]: The data will be transmitted when an additional byte (for
Delimiter +1), or an additional 2 bytes (for Delimiter +2) of data is received after receiving the
Delimiter.
[Strip Delimiter]: When the Delimiter is received, the Delimiter is deleted (i.e., stripped), and the
remaining data is transmitted.
[Do nothing]: The data will be transmitted when the Delimiter is received.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
0 ms
Necessity
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort IA5150/5250’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data
received during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort IA5150/5250 fetches the serial data
from its internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort IA5150/5250 stores the
data in the internal buffer. NPort IA5150/5250 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but
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only if the internal buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified
under Force transmit timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort IA5150/5250 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force
transmit timeout for NPort IA5150/5250, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to
NPort IA5150/5250’s internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort
IA5150/5250 is 1 KB per port.
Destination IP address 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address or Domain Name
None
Required
(E.g., 192.168.1.1)
Allows NPort IA5150/5250 to connect actively to the remote host whose IP address is set by this
parameter.
Destination IP address 2/3/4
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address or Domain Name
None
Required
(E.g., 192.168.1.1)
Allows NPort IA5150/5250 to connect actively to the remote host whose IP address is set by this
parameter.
ATTENTION
Up to 4 connections can be established between NPort IA5150/5250 and hosts. The connection
speed or throughput may be low if one of the four connections is slow, since the 1 slow
connection will slow down the other 3 connections.
ATTENTION
The “Destination IP address” parameter can use both IP address and Domain Name. For some
applications, the user may need to send the data actively to the remote destination domain name.
Designated Local Port 1/2/3/4
Setting
TCP Port No.
5-21
Factory Default
Necessity
5011 (Port 1)
5012 (Port 2)
5013 (Port 3)
5014 (Port 4)
Required
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Web Console Configuration
Connection control
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Startup/None,
Startup/None
Required
Any Character/None,
Any Character/Inactivity Time,
DSR ON/DSR OFF,
DSR ON/None,
DCD ON/DCD OFF,
DCD ON/None
The meaning of each of the above settings is given in the table below. In general, both the Connect
condition and Disconnect condition are given.
Connect/Disconnect
Description
Startup/None
(default)
A TCP connection will be established on startup, and will remain
active indefinitely.
Any Character/None
A TCP connection will be established when any character is received
from the serial interface, and will remain active indefinitely.
Any Character/
Inactivity Time
A TCP connection will be established when any character is received
from the serial interface, and will be disconnected when the Inactivity
time out is reached.
DSR On/DSR Off
A TCP connection will be established when a DSR “On” signal is
received, and will be disconnected when a DSR “Off” signal is
received.
DSR On/None
A TCP connection will be established when a DSR “On” signal is
received, and will remain active indefinitely.
DCD On/DCD Off
A TCP connection will be established when a DCD “On” signal is
received, and will be disconnected when a DCD “Off” signal is
received.
DCD On/None
A TCP connection will be established when a DCD “On” signal is
received, and will remain active indefinitely.
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UDP Mode
Packing length
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
0 to 1024
0
Optional
Default = 0, The Delimiter Process will be followed, regardless of the length of the data packet. If
the data length (in bytes) matches the configured value, the data will be forced out. The data length
can be configured for 0 to 1024 bytes. Set to 0 if you do not need to limit the length.
Delimiter 1
Setting
00 to FF
Delimiter 2
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
None
Optional
Factory Default
Necessity
00 to FF
None
Optional
Once the NPort IA5150/5250 receives both delimiters through its serial port, it immediately packs
all data currently in its buffer and sends it out the NPort IA5150/5250’s Ethernet port.
ATTENTION
Delimiter 2 is optional. If left blank, then Delimiter 1 alone trips clearing of the buffer. If the size
of the serial data received is greater than 1 KB, the NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically pack
the data and send it to the Ethernet. However, to use the delimiter function, you must at least
enable Delimiter 1. If Delimiter 1 is left blank and Delimiter 2 is enabled, the delimiter function
will not work properly.
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Delimiter process
Setting
Do nothing
Delimiter + 1
Delimiter + 2
Strip Delimiter
Factory Default
Necessity
Do Nothing
Optional
[Delimiter + 1] or [Delimiter + 2]: The data will be transmitted when an additional byte (for
Delimiter +1), or an additional 2 bytes (for Delimiter +2) of data is received after receiving the
Delimiter.
[Strip Delimiter]: When the Delimiter is received, the Delimiter is deleted (i.e., stripped), and the
remaining data is transmitted.
[Do nothing]: The data will be transmitted when the Delimiter is received.
Force transmit
Setting
0 to 65535 ms
0: Disable the force transmit timeout.
Factory Default
Necessity
0 ms
Optional
1 to 65535: Forces the NPort IA5150/5250’s TCP/IP protocol software to try to pack serial data
received during the specified time into the same data frame.
This parameter defines the time interval during which NPort IA5150/5250 fetches the serial data
from its internal buffer. If data is incoming through the serial port, NPort IA5150/5250 stores the
data in the internal buffer. NPort IA5150/5250 transmits data stored in the buffer via TCP/IP, but
only if the internal buffer is full or if the Force transmit time interval reaches the time specified
under Force transmit timeout.
The optimal Force transmit timeout depends on your application, but it must be at least larger than
one character interval within the specified baud rate. For example, assume that the serial port is set
to 1200 bps, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. In this case, the total number of bits needed to
send a character is 10 bits, and the time required to transfer one character is
( 10 (bits) / 1200 (bits/s) ) * 1000 (ms/s) = 8.3 ms.
Therefore, you should set Force transmit timeout to be larger than 8.3 ms, so in this case, it must
be greater than or equal to 10 ms.
If the user wants to send a series of characters in the same packet, the serial device attached to
NPort IA5150/5250 should send that series of characters during a time interval less than the Force
transmit timeout for NPort IA5150/5250, and the total length of data must be less than or equal to
NPort IA5150/5250’s internal buffer size. The serial communication buffer size for NPort
IA5150/5250 is 1 KB per port.
Destination IP address 1
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address range
Begin:
Empty
Required
E.g.,
End:
Empty
Port:
4001
Begin: 192.168.1.1
End: 192.168.1.10
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Destination IP address 2/3/4
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address range
Begin:
Empty
Optional
E.g.,
End:
Empty
Port:
4001
Begin: 192.168.1.11
End: 192.168.1.20
Local listen port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The UDP port that NPort IA5150/5250 listens to, and that other devices must use to contact NPort
IA5150/5250. To avoid conflicts with well known UDP ports, the default is set to 4001.
Pair Connection Mode
Pair Connection Mode employs two NPort IA5150/5250 device servers in tandem, and can be
used to remove the 15-meter distance limitation imposed by the RS-232 interface. One NPort
IA5150/5250 is connected from its RS-232 port to the COM port of a PC or other type of
computer, such as hand-held PDAs that have a serial port, and the serial device is connected to the
RS-232 port of the other NPort IA5150/5250. The two NPort IA5150/5250 device servers are then
connected to each other with a cross-over Ethernet cable, both are connected to the same LAN, or
in a more advanced setup, they communicate with each other over a WAN (i.e., through one or
more routers). Pair Connection Mode transparently transfers both data and modem control signals
(although it cannot transmit the DCD signal) between the two NPorts.
Pair Connection Master Mode
When using Pair Connection Mode, you must select Pair Connection Master Mode for the
Operation mode of one of the NPort IA5150/5250 device servers. In effect, this NPort
IA5150/5250 will be acting as a TCP client.
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Required
1 to 99 min: NPort IA5150/5250 closes the TCP connection automatically if there is no TCP
activity for the given time.
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Destination IP address
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
IP address or Domain Name
blank
Optional
(E.g., 192.168.1.1)
TCP port No.
4001
Required
The Pair Connection “Master” will contact the network host that has this IP address. Data will be
transmitted through the port No. (4001 by default). Note that you must configure the same TCP
port No. for the device server acting as the Pair Connection “Slave.”
Pair Connection Slave Mode
When using Pair Connection Mode, you must select Pair Connection Slave Mode for the
Operation mode of one of the NPort IA5150/5250 device servers. In effect, this NPort
IA5150/5250 will be acting as a TCP server.
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Necessity
Required
1 to 99 min: NPort IA5150/5250 closes the TCP connection automatically if there is no TCP
activity for the given time.
Local TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
TCP port No. (e.g., 4001)
Required
4001
This Port No. must be the same port No. that you set up for the Pair Connection “Master” device
server.
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Ethernet Modem Mode
Dial-in
NPort IA5150/5250 listens for a TCP/IP connection request from the remote Ethernet modem or
host. NPort IA5150/5250’s response depends on the ATS0 value, as outlined below.
ATS0=0 (default):
NPort IA5150/5250 will temporarily accept the TCP connection and then send the “RING” signal out
through the serial port. The serial controller must reply with “ATA” within 2.5 seconds to accept the
connection request, after which NPort IA5150/5250 enters data mode. If no “ATA” command is received,
NPort IA5150/5250 will disconnect after sending three “RING” signals.
ATS0≧1:
NPort IA5150/5250 will accept the TCP connection immediately and then send the “CONNECT
<baud>” command to the serial port, in which <baud> represents the baud rate of NPort
IA5150/5250’s serial port. After that, NPort IA5150/5250 immediately enters data mode.
Dial-out
NPort IA5150/5250 accepts the AT command “ATD <IP>:<TCP port>” from the serial port and
then requests a TCP connection from the remote Ethernet Modem or PC. This is where <IP> is the
IP address of the remote Ethernet modem or PC, and <TCP port> is the TCP port number of the
remote Ethernet modem or PC. Once the remote unit accepts this TCP connection, NPort
IA5150/5250 will send out the “CONNECT <baud>” signal via the serial port and then enter data
mode.
Disconnection request from local site
When NPort IA5150/5250s is in data mode, the user can drive the DTR signal to OFF, or send
“+++” from the local serial port to NPort IA5150/5250. NPort IA5150/5250 will enter command
mode and return “NO CARRIER” via the serial port, and then input “ATH” to shut down the TCP
connection after 1 second.
NOTE
The “+++” command cannot be divided. The “+” character can be changed in register S2, and the
guard time, which prefixes and suffixes the “+++” in order to protect the raw data, can be changed
in register S12.
Disconnection request from remote site
After the TCP connection has been shut down by the remote Ethernet modem or PC, NPort
IA5150/5250 will send the “NO CARRIER” signal via the serial port and then return to command
mode.
The following tables give the additional parameters that can be configured for TCP Client Mode.
Refer to the table below the figures to see details of the meaning of each parameter.
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Ethernet Modem
Setting
Value
Notes
Necessity
TCP port
valid port No.
The TCP port that other devices must use to
contact this device. To avoid conflicts with
standard TCP ports, the default is set to 4001.
Required
0
TCP connection is not closed due to an idle serial
line.
1 to 99 min.
TCP connection is automatically closed by this
device if there is no TCP activity for the given
time.
TCP alive
check time
AT Commands
Optional
NPort IA5150/5250 supports the following common AT commands used with a typical modem:
No. AT command
Description
1
ATA
Answer manually
2
ATD <IP>:<Port>
Dial up the IP address : Port No.
3
ATE
ATE0=Echo OFF
ATE1=Echo ON (default)
4
ATH
ATH0=On-hook (default)
ATH1=Off-hook
5
ATI, ATI0, ATI1, ATI2
Modem version
reply “OK” only
6
ATL
Speaker volume option
reply “OK” only
7
ATM
Speaker control option
reply “OK” only
8
ATO
On line command
9
ATP, ATT
Set Pulse/Tone Dialing mode
10
ATQ0, ATQ1
Quiet command (default=ATQ0)
11
ATSr=n
Change the contents of S register
See “S registers”
12
ATSr?
Read the contents of S register
See “S registers”
13
ATV
Result code type
ATV0 for digit code,
ATV1 for text code
0=OK
1=connect (default)
2=ring
3=No carrier
4=error
14
ATZ
Reset (disconnect, enter command
mode and restore the flash settings)
15
AT&C
Serial port DCD control
AT&C0=DCD always on
AT&C1=DTE detects connection by
DCD on/off (default)
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Remarks
reply “OK” only
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Web Console Configuration
16
AT&D
Serial port DTR control
AT&D0=recognize DTE always
ready
AT&D1, AT&D2=reply DTE when
DTR On (default)
17
AT&F
Restore manufacturer’s settings
18
AT&G
Select guard time
reply “OK” only
19
AT&R
Serial port RTS option command
reply “OK” only
20
AT&S
Serial port DSR control
reply “OK” only
21
AT&V
View settings
22
AT&W
Write current settings to flash for
next boot up
S Registers
No.
1
2
3
S Register
S0
S1
S2
4
5
S3
S4
6
S5
7
S6
8
S7
9
S8
10
S9
11
S10
12
S11
13
S12
Description & default value
Ring to auto-answer (default=0)
Ring counter (always=0)
Escape code character (default=43
ASCII “+”)
Return character (default=13 ASCII)
Line feed character (default=10
ASCII)
Backspace character (default= 8
ASCII)
Wait time for dial tone (always=2,
unit=sec)
Wait time for carrier (default=3,
unit=sec)
Pause time for dial delay (always=2,
unit=sec)
Carrier detect response time
(always=6, unit 1/10 sec)
Delay for hang up after carrier
(always=14, unit 1/10 sec)
DTMF duration and spacing
(always=100 ms)
Escape code guard time
(default=50, unit 1/50 sec)
to control the idle time for “+++”
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 99 min
7 min
0 min: TCP connection is not closed due to an idle TCP connection.
Remarks
no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
no action applied
Necessity
Optional
1 to 99 min: NPort IA5150/5250 automatically closes the TCP connection if there is no TCP
activity for the given time.
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Web Console Configuration
Local TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Required
The TCP port that other devices must use to contact this device. To avoid conflicts with standard
TCP ports, the default is set to 4001.
Reverse Telnet Mode
TCP alive check time
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
0 to 99 min
0
Optional
Specifies the time slice for checking if the TCP connection is alive. If no response, NPort IA will
disconnect the original connection.
Inactivity time
Setting
Factory Default
0 to 65535 ms
0
Idle time setting for auto-disconnection. 0 min. means it will never disconnect.
Local TCP port
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Optional
Necessity
1 to 65535
4001
Optional
Each of NPort IA’s serial ports is mapped to a TCP port. To avoid conflicts with TCP ports, set port
numbers to 4001 for port1, 4002 for port 2, etc. (like the default values).
Map <CR-LF>
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
CR, LF, or CR-LF
CR-LF
Optional
If data received through NPort IA’s Ethernet port is sent using the “enter” command, the data will be
transmitted out the serial port with an added
(1) “carriage return + line feed” if you select the <CR-LF> option
(i.e., the cursor will jump to the next line, and return to the first character of the line)
(2) “carriage return” if you select the <CR> option
(i.e., the cursor will return to the first character of the line)
(3) “line feed” if you select the <LF> option.
(i.e., the cursor will jump to the next line, but not move horizontally)
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Web Console Configuration
Disabled Mode
When Operation mode is set to Disabled, that particular port will be disabled. Check the “Apply
the above settings to all serial ports” to apply this setting to the other port.
Accessible IP Settings
NPort IA5150/5250 uses an IP address based filtering method to control access to itself.
Accessible IP Settings allows you to add or block remote host IP addresses to prevent
unauthorized access. Access to NPort IA5150/5250 is controlled by IP address. That is, if a host’s
IP address is in the accessible IP table, then the host will be allowed to access the NPort
IA5150/5250. You can allow one of the following cases by setting the parameter.
y
Only one host with a specific IP address can access the NPort IA5150/5250
Enter “IP address/255.255.255.255” (e.g., “192.168.1.1/255.255.255.255”).
y
Hosts on a specific subnet can access the NPort IA5150/5250
Enter “IP address/255.255.255.0” (e.g., “192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0”).
y
Any host can access the NPort IA5150/5250
Disable this function by un-checking the “Enable the accessible IP list” checkbox. Refer to the
following table for more configuration examples.
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Web Console Configuration
Allowable Hosts
Any host
192.168.1.120
192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.254
192.168.0.1 to 192.168.255.254
192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.126
192.168.1.129 to 192.168.1.254
Input format
Disable
192.168.1.120 / 255.255.255.255
192.168.1.0 / 255.255.255.0
192.168.0.0 / 255.255.0.0
192.168.1.0 / 255.255.255.128
192.168.1.128 / 255.255.255.128
Auto Warning Settings
Auto warning: E-mail and SNMP trap
Mail Server
Mail server
Setting
IP Address or Domain Name
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
User name
Setting
1 to 15 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
Password
Setting
1 to 15 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
From E-mail address
Setting
1 to 63 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
E-mail address 1/2/3/4
Setting
1 to 63 characters
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
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Web Console Configuration
ATTENTION
Consult your Network Administrator or ISP for the proper mail server settings. The Auto
warning function may not work properly if it is not configured correctly. NPort IA5150/5250
SMTP AUTH supports LOGIN, PLAIN, CRAM-MD5 (RFC 2554).
SNMP Trap Server
SNMP trap server IP or domain name
Setting
IP address or Domain Name
Factory Default
None
Necessity
Optional
Event Type
Cold start
This refers to starting the system from power off (contrast this with warm start). When performing
a cold start, NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically issue an Auto warning message by e-mail, or
send an SNMP trap after booting up.
Warm start
This refers to restarting the computer without turning the power off. When performing a warm
start, NPort IA5150/5250 will automatically send an e-mail, or send an SNMP trap after rebooting.
Authentication failure
The user inputs a wrong password from the Console or Administrator. When authentication failure
occurs, NPort IA5150/5250 will immediately send an e-mail or send an SNMP trap.
IP address changed
The user has changed NPort IA5150/5250’s IP address. When the IP address changes, NPort
IA5150/5250 will send an e-mail with the new IP address before NPort IA5150/5250 reboots. If
the NPort IA5150/5250 is unable to send an e-mail message to the mail server within 15 seconds,
NPort IA5150/5250 will reboot anyway, and abort the e-mail auto warning.
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Web Console Configuration
Password changed
The user has changed NPort IA5150/5250’s password. When the password changes, NPort
IA5150/5250 will send an e-mail with the password changed notice before NPort IA5150/5250
reboots. If the NPort IA5150/5250 is unable to send an e-mail message to the mail server within 15
seconds, NPort IA5150/5250 will reboot anyway, and abort the e-mail auto warning.
Power failure
We provide two DC power inputs for redundancy. NPort IA supports different approaches to warn
engineers automatically, such as by email or relay output (which closes the circuit). Users can
connect to Monitor Æ Relay Output from the web console to check what event causes the warning.
The relay output will be canceled after the power recovers, or by selecting “acknowledge event”
using the web console or Telnet.
When the Relay Output is sending a warning, the Ready LED will flash red until the warning
event ceases.
Ethernet1 link down
NPort IA can provide system maintainers with real-time alarm messages. Even when control
engineers are out of the control room for an extended period of time, they can still be informed of
the status of devices almost instantaneously when exceptions occur. NPort IA supports different
methods for warning engineers automatically, such as by email, SNMP trap, and relay output
(which closes the circuit). Users can connect to Monitor Æ Relay Output from the web console to
check which event is causing the warning. The relay output will be canceled if Ethernet link 1 is
restored, or by selecting “acknowledge event” from the web console or Telnet.
When the Relay Output is issuing a warning, the Ready LED will flash in red until the warning
event ceases.
Ethernet2 link down
NPort IA can provide system maintainers with real-time alarm messages. Even when control
engineers are out of the control room for an extended period of time, they can still be informed of
the status of devices almost instantaneously when exceptions occur. NPort IA supports different
methods for warning engineers automatically, such as by email, SNMP trap, and relay output
(which closes the circuit). Users can connect to Monitor Æ Relay Output from the web console to
check which event is causing the warning. The relay output will be canceled if Ethernet link 2 is
restored, or by selecting “acknowledge event” from the web console or Telnet.
When the Relay Output is issuing a warning, the Ready LED will flash in red until the warning
event ceases.
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DCD changed
A change in the DCD (Data Carrier Detect) signal indicates that the modem connection status has
changed. For example, If the DCD signal changes to low, it means that the connection line is down.
When the DCD signal changes to low, NPort IA will immediately send a warning. NPort IA
supports different approaches to warn engineers automatically, such as by email, SNMP trap, and
relay output (which closes the circuit). Users can connect to Monitor Æ Relay Output from the
web console to check what event caused the warning. You can cancel the relay output status by
changing the DCD signal changing to high, or by selecting “acknowledge event” from the web
console or Telnet.
When the Relay Output is issuing a warning, the Ready LED will flash in red until the warning
event ceases.
DSR changed
A change in the DSR (Data Carrier Detect) signal indicates that the data communication
equipment is powered off. For example, If the DSR signal changes to low, it means that the data
communication equipment is powered down. When the DSR signal changes to low, NPort IA will
immediately send a warning. NPort IA supports different approaches to warn engineers
automatically, such as by email, SNMP trap, and relay output (which closes the circuit). Users can
connect to Monitor Æ Relay Output from the web console to check what event caused the warning.
You can cancel the relay output status by changing the DSR signal changing to high, or by
selecting “acknowledge event” from the web console or Telnet.
When the Relay Output is issuing a warning, the Ready LED will flash in red until the warning
event ceases.
Mail
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable, Disable
Disable
Optional
This feature helps the administrator manage how the NPort IA5150/5250 sends e-mail to
pre-defined e-mail boxes when the enabled events—such as Cold start, Warm start, Authentication
failure, etc.—occur. To configure this feature, click on the Event Type Mail checkbox.
Trap
Setting
Factory Default
Necessity
Enable, Disable
Disable
Optional
This feature helps the administrator manage how the NPort IA5150/5250 sends SNMP Trap to a
pre-defined SNMP Trap server when the enabled events—such as Cold start, Warm start,
Authentication failure, etc.—occur. To configure this feature, click on the Event Type Trap
checkbox.
ATTENTION
SNMP can detect when DCD or DSR changes from “–” to “+” and when DCD or DSR changes
from “+” to “–” but SNMP cannot detect whether it was the DCD signal that changed or the DSR
signal that changed. For this reason, a change from “–” to “+” (of either DCD or DSR) is
indicated by “link up” and a change from “+” to “–” (of either DCD or DSR) is indicated by
“link down.”
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Web Console Configuration
Monitor
Monitor Line
Click on Line under Monitor to show the operation mode and status of each connection (IPx), for
each of the two serial ports.
Monitor Async
Click on Async under Monitor to show the current status of each of the two serial ports.
Monitor Async-Settings
Click on Async Setting under Monitor to show the run-time settings for each of the two serial
ports.
Monitor Relay Output
Click on Relay Output under Monitor to display the “Relay Output Status” for each of the report
types (Power failure, Ethernet1 link down, etc.).
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Web Console Configuration
Change Password
Input the “Old password” and “New password” to change the password. Leave the password boxes
blank to erase the password. If the password is erased, then NPort IA5150/5250 will not have
password protection.
ATTENTION
If you forget the password, the ONLY way to configure NPort IA5150/5250 is by using the
Reset button on NPort IA5150/5250’s casing to “Load Factory Default.”
Remember to export the configuration file using NPort Administrator when you finish the
configuration. By using the Import function of NPort Administrator, your configuration can be
re-loaded into NPort IA5150/5250 after using “Load Factory Default.” Refer to Chapter 6 for
more details about the Export and Import function.
Load Factory Default
This function will reset all of NPort IA5150/5250’s settings to the factory default values. Be aware
that previous settings will be lost.
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6
Chapter 6
Configuring NPort Administrator
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰ Overview
‰ Installing NPort Administrator
‰ Configuration
¾ Broadcast Search
¾ Unlock Password Protection
¾ Configuring NPort IA5150/5250
¾ Upgrading the Firmware
¾ Export Configuration
¾ Import Configuration
‰ Monitor
‰ Port Monitor
‰ COM Mapping
¾ On-line COM Mapping
¾ Off-line COM Mapping
‰ IP Location
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Configuring NPort Administrator
Overview
Device Server Administrator lets you install and configure your NPort IA5150/5250 Series
products easily over the network. Five function groups are provided to ease the installation process,
allow off-line COM mapping, and provide monitoring and IP location server functions.
Device Server Administrator is an integrated software suite that bundles Device Server
Administrator and the IP Serial Library, and provides everything you need to manage, monitor,
and modify your NPort IA5150/5250 from a remote location.
Installing NPort Administrator
1.
Once the Setup program starts running, click on Next when the Welcome window opens to
proceed with the installation.
2.
Click on Next to install program files in the default directory, or select an alternative location.
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3.
Click on Next to install the program using the default program name, or select a different
name.
4.
Click on Install to proceed with the installation.
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5.
The Installing window reports the progress of the installation.
6.
Click on Next to proceed with the installation.
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7.
Configuring NPort Administrator
Click on Finish to complete the installation of NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite.
Configuration
The Administrator-Configuration window is divided into four parts.
y
y
y
y
The top section contains the function list and online help area. (Windows NT does not support
this .chm file format.)
The five Administrator function groups are listed in the left section.
A list of NPort IA5150/5250 serial device servers, each of which can be selected to process
user requirements, is displayed in the right section.
The activity Log, which displays messages that record the user’s processing history, is shown
in the bottom section.
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Broadcast Search
The Broadcast Search function is used to locate all NPort IA5150/5250s that are connected to the
same LAN as your computer. Since the Broadcast Search function searches by MAC address and
not IP address, all NPort IA5150/5250s connected to the LAN will be located, regardless of
whether or not they are part of the same subnet as the host.
1.
Position the cursor in the right middle section of the Administrator window and then click the
right mouse button.
2.
The Broadcast Search window will open and display the Model, IP Address, MAC Address,
and Progress of the search for that particular device.
3.
When the search is complete, the Broadcast Search window will close, and the NPort
IA5150/5250s that were located will be displayed in the right pane of the Administrator
window. If you found more than one server connected to this network, refer to the MAC
address sticker on your server(s) to determine which server(s) are the ones you wish to
configure. To configure an NPort IA5150/5250, place the cursor over the row displaying that
NPort IA5150/5250’s information, and then double click the left mouse button.
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ATTENTION
Before modifying NPort IA5150/5250’s configuration, use Broadcast Search to locate all NPort
IA5150/5250s connected to the LAN, or use Specify by IP Address to locate a particular NPort
IA5150/5250.
Unlock Password Protection
If the NPort IA5150/5250 is password protected (indicated by “Lock” for Status), you will receive
the following error, and you will not be able to use the right click method to open the
configuration page.
In this case, proceed as follows to “Unlock” the device server.
1.
Select the NPort IA5150/5250 with “Lock” status, click the right mouse button, and then
select Unlock.
2.
After inputting the correct password, the Administrator will display an “Unlock ok” message.
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3.
Configuring NPort Administrator
The “Lock” status will change to “Unlock,” and the Administrator utility will keep this NPort
IA5150/5250 in the Unlock status throughout this Administrator session.
The meanings of the six “Status” states are given below (note that the term Fixed is borrowed from
the standard fixed IP address networking terminology):
Lock
The NPort IA5150/5250 is password protected, “Broadcast Search” was used to locate it, and the
password has not yet been entered from within the current Administrator session.
Unlock
The NPort IA5150/5250 is password protected, “Broadcast Search” was used to locate it, and the
password has been entered from within the current Administrator session. Henceforth during this
Administrator session, activating various utilities for this NPort IA5150/5250 will not require
re-entering the server password.
Blank
The NPort IA5150/5250 is not password protected, and “Broadcast Search” was used to locate it.
Fixed
The NPort IA5150/5250 is not password protected, and “Search by IP address” was used to locate
it.
Lock Fixed
The NPort IA5150/5250 is password protected, “Specify by IP address” was used to locate it, and
the password has not yet been entered from within the current Administrator session.
Unlock Fixed
The NPort IA5150/5250 is password protected, “Specify by IP address” was used to locate it, and
the password has been entered from within the current Administrator session. Henceforth during
this Administrator session, activating various utilities for this NPort IA5150/5250 will not require
re-entering the server password.
Configuring NPort IA5150/5250
In this section, we illustrate how to access NPort IA5150/5250’s configuration utility. You should
first make sure that you can connect over the network from your computer to the NPort
IA5150/5250.
1.
To start NPort Administrator, click on Start Æ NPort Administration Suite Æ NPort
Administrator.
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2.
Unlock the NPort IA5150/5250 you wish to configure if it is password protected. Right click
on the NPort IA5150/5250 and select Configure to start the configuration.
3.
The progress bar shows that Administrator is retrieving configuration information from the
specific NPort IA5150/5250.
4.
Refer to Chapter 5 for each parameter’s function definition. To modify the configuration, you
must first click in the modify box to activate the parameter setting box. For example, click on
the middle modify box.
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5.
Configuring NPort Administrator
You will now be able to modify Time Zone, Local Date, Local Time, and Time Server.
ATTENTION
You can simultaneously modify the configurations of multiple NPort IA5150/5250s that are of
the same model.
To select multiple NPort IA5150/5250s, hold down the Ctrl key when selecting additional NPort
IA5150/5250s, or hold down the Shift key to select a group of NPort IA5150/5250s.
Upgrading the Firmware
Follow these steps to upgrade the firmware of an NPort IA5150/5250.
1.
To start NPort Administrator, click on Start Æ NPort Administration Suite Æ NPort
Administrator.
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2.
Unlock the NPort IA5150/5250 you wish to configure if it is password protected. Right click
on a specific NPort IA5150/5250 and select the Upgrade Firmware function to start
upgrading the firmware.
3.
Select the correct ROM file to download.
4.
Wait while the Upgrade Firmware action is processed.
ATTENTION
You can simultaneously upgrade the firmware of multiple NPort IA5150/5250s that are of the
same model.
To select multiple NPort IA5150/5250s, hold down the Ctrl key when selecting an additional
NPort IA5150/5250, or hold down the Shift key to select a block of NPort IA5150/5250s.
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Export Configuration
To export the configuration of an NPort IA5150/5250, right click on the NPort IA5150/5250 and
select Export Configuration and then follow the onscreen instructions. The Export Configuration
function is a handy tool that can be used to produce a text file containing the current configuration
of a particular NPort IA5150/5250.
Import Configuration
The Import Configuration function is used to import an NPort IA5150/5250 configuration from a
file into one or more of the same model NPort IA5150/5250. To import a configuration, first select
the target servers, click the right mouse button, and then select Import Configuration. Follow the
onscreen instructions to locate the configuration file and start downloading the file.
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ATTENTION
You can simultaneously import the same configuration file into multiple NPort IA5150/5250s
that are of the same model.
To select multiple NPort IA5150/5250s, hold down the Ctrl key when selecting an additional
NPort IA5150/5250, or hold down the Shift key to select a block of NPort IA5150/5250s.
Monitor
Use one of the following two methods to start the Monitor function.
Broadcast Search Æ Monitor Æ Add Target
1.
With Configuration selected under Function, use Broadcast Search to locate all NPorts on
your LAN.
2.
Next, click on Monitor Æ Add Target and select your targets from the list, and then click on
OK.
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Monitor Æ Add Target Æ Rescan
1.
Click on Monitor under Function.
2.
Click on Monitor Æ Add Target from the menu bar, or click the right mouse button and
select Add Target.
3.
Click on Rescan.
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4.
Configuring NPort Administrator
Select your targets from the list, and then click on OK.
Once the Monitor function is running:
1.
The NPort IA5150/5250 list will appear on the Monitor screen.
2.
Right click the panel and select Settings.
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3.
Select or de-select Monitor Items. Use the single arrowhead buttons to move highlighted
items from one box to the other. Use the double arrowhead buttons to move all items in one
box to the other.
4.
Select a Refresh Rate (the default is 3 seconds) on the General Settings page.
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5.
On the Advanced Settings page, select Display warning message for new event and/or Play
warning music for new event. In the second case, you must enter the path to the WAV file
that you want to be played. “New event” means that one of the NPort IA5150/5250s in the
monitor is “Alive” or “Not Alive,” or has lost connection with the Monitor program.
6.
Right click in the NPort IA5150/5250 list section and select Go to start Monitoring the NPort
IA5150/5250.
7.
For this example, the NPort IA5150/5250s shown in the list will be monitored.
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8.
When one of the NPort IA5150/5250s loses connection with the Monitor program, a warning
alert will display automatically. The warning music will be played at the same time.
9.
In the Monitor screen, you can see that the NPort IA5150/5250s that are “Not Alive” are
shown in red color.
10. If the NPort IA5150/5250 gets reconnected, a warning will be displayed to remind the user
that the NPort IA5150/5250 is now “Alive.”
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11. The NPort IA5150/5250s that were reconnected, and are now “Alive,” will be shown in black
color.
Port Monitor
The process described here is the same as in the previous “Monitor” section. The only difference is
that you can select more items under Port Monitor than under Monitor.
Select or de-select Monitor Items. Use the single arrowhead buttons to move highlighted items
from one box to the other. Use the double arrowhead buttons to move all items in one box to the
other.
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COM Mapping
Windows Administration Suite comes with Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Real COM drivers.
After you install NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite, there are two ways to set up the NPort
IA5150/5250 serial port as your host’s remote COM port.
The first way is with On-line COM Mapping. On-line COM Mapping will check to make sure
that the NPort IA5150/5250 is connected correctly to the network, and then install the driver on
the host computer.
The second way is with Off-line COM Installation, without first connecting the NPort
IA5150/5250 to the network. Off-line COM Mapping can decrease the system integrator’s effort
by solving different field problems. Via off-line installation, users can first process software
installation for the host, and then install the NPort IA5150/5250 to different fields.
Use the following procedure to map COM ports:
1.
On-line COM Mapping:
Connect NPort IA5150/5250 to the network Æ Set NPort IA5150/5250 to the proper IP
address Æ Map COMs to your host Æ Apply Change.
2.
Off-line COM Mapping:
Map COMs to your host Æ Apply Change Æ Connect NPort IA5150/5250 to the network Æ
Configure NPort IA5150/5250’s IP address.
On-line COM Mapping
1.
Broadcast Search for NPort IA5150/5250s on the network.
2.
Select the COM Mapping function group.
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3.
Add the target to which you would like to map COM ports.
4.
The NPort IA5150/5250 list that appears is the list generated by the previous Broadcast
Search. Select the NPort IA5150/5250 to which you would like to map COM ports.
5.
Select COM Settings to modify COM No., default setting, etc.
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6.
Configuring NPort Administrator
Select the COM No.
COM ports that are “In use” or “Assigned” will also be indicated in this drop-down list.
If you select multiple serial ports or multiple NPort IA5150/5250s, remember to check the
“Auto Enumerating” function to use the COM No. you select as the first COM No.
7.
Hi-performance mode is the default for Tx mode. If the driver completes sending data out to
the NPort IA5150/5250, the driver will respond “Tx Empty” to the program.
Under classical mode, the driver will not notify the user’s program that Tx is completed until
all Tx data has been sent out from the NPort IA5150/5250; this mode will cause lower
throughput. If you want to ensure that all data is sent out before further processing, classical
mode is recommended.
Enable/Disable Tx/Rx FIFO. If disabled, NPort IA5150/5250 will send one byte each time
the Tx FIFO becomes empty; and an Rx interrupt will be generated for each incoming byte.
This will result in a faster response and lower throughput. If you want to use XON/XOFF
flow control, we recommend setting FIFO to Disable.
Fast Flush (only flush local buffer)
•
•
We have added one optional Fast Flush function to Moxa new NPort Real COM driver.
NPort Administrator Suite for 2G NPort adds it after version 1.2.
For some applications, the user’s program will use the Win32 “PurgeComm()” function
before it reads or writes data. With our design, after the program uses this Purge Comm()
6-22
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
•
•
8.
Configuring NPort Administrator
function, the NPort driver will keep querying NPort’s firmware several times to make
sure there is really no data queued in the NPort firmware buffer, rather than just flushing
the local buffer. This kind of design is used because of some special considerations.
However, it might take more time (on the order of several hundred milliseconds) than a
native COM1, because it needs to work via Ethernet. That’s why the native COM ports
on the motherboard can work fast with this function call, but NPort requires much more
time. In order to accommodate other applications that require a faster response time, the
new NPort driver implements a new “Fast Flush” option. Note that by default, this
function is disabled.
To begin with, make sure there are some “PurgeComm()” functions being used in your
application program. In this kind of situation, you might find that your NPort exhibits a
much poorer operation performance than when using the native COM1 port. Once you
have enabled the “Fast Flush” function, you can check to see if there has been an
improvement in performance.
By default, the optional “Fast Flush” function is disabled. If you would like to enable this
function, from the “NPort Administrator,” double click on the COM ports that are
mapped to the NPort, and then select the “Fast Flush” checkbox. You should find that
when “Fast Flush” is enabled, the NPort driver will work faster with “PurgeComm().”
The Serial Parameter settings shown here are the default settings when the NPort
IA5150/5250 is powered on. However, the program can redefine the serial parameters to
different values after the program opens the port via Win 32 API.
6-23
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
9.
Configuring NPort Administrator
After setting the COM Mapping, remember to select Apply Change to save the information
in the host system registry. The host computer will not have the ability to use the COM port
until after Apply Change is selected.
10. Select Discard Change to tell Administrator NOT to save the COM Mapping information to
the host.
6-24
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Configuring NPort Administrator
11. To save the configuration to a text file, select Export COM Mapping. You will then be able
to import this configuration file to another host and use the same COM Mapping settings in
the other host.
Off-line COM Mapping
1.
Add a target by inputting the IP address and selecting the Model Name without physically
connecting the NPort IA5150/5250 to the network.
6-25
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Configuring NPort Administrator
2.
Modify the port settings as needed.
3.
Right click in the NPort list section and select Apply Change.
6-26
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Configuring NPort Administrator
IP Location
When NPort IA5150/5250 is used in a dynamic IP environment, users must spend more time with
IP management tasks. NPort IA5150/5250 Series products help out by periodically reporting their
IP address to the IP location server, in case the dynamic IP has changed.
1.
Configure NPort IA5150/5250 with Dynamic IP settings (DHCP, BOOTP, or DHCP/BOOTP).
Assign the remote Auto IP report server’s IP address and UDP port.
2.
Select IP Location Report and click the right mouse button to select Settings.
3.
Configure the Local Listen Port to be the same as the NPort IA5150/5250’s “Auto report to
UDP port” setting.
6-27
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
4.
Configuring NPort Administrator
Click Go to start receiving the Auto IP address report from the NPort IA5150/5250
6-28
7
Chapter 7
The following topics are covered in this chapter:
‰ Overview
‰ IP Serial LIB Function Groups
‰ Example Program
IP Serial LIB
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
IP Serial LIB
Overview
What is IP Serial Library?
IP Serial Library is a Windows library with frequently used serial command sets and subroutines.
IP Serial Library is designed to reduce the complexity and poor efficiency of serial communication
over TCP/IP. For example, Telnet can only transfer data, but it can’t monitor or configure the
serial line’s parameters.
Why Use IP Serial Library?
For programmers who are familiar with serial communication, IP Serial Library provides
well-designed function calls that have the same style as Moxa’s PComm Library.
IP Serial Library is amazingly simple and easy to understand. By including it in your VB, C, or
Delphi programming environment, you can program your own TCP/IP application with the ability
to control serial communication parameters.
NPort IA5150/5250 uses 2 TCP ports for communication between the NPort IA5150/5250 and
host computer’s Real COM driver. NPort IA5150/5250 uses a data port and command port to
provide pure data transfer without decode and encode. Compared to using only one TCP port to
control serial communication (such as RFC 2217), IP Serial Library uses a command port to
communicate with NPort IA5150/5250 from the user’s program. IP Serial Library not only runs
with excellent efficiency but also runs without any decode or encode problems.
How to install IP Serial Library
IP Serial Lib comes with the NPort IA5150/5250 Administration Suite. Refer to the IPSerial
directory for more details about the function definitions.
7-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
IP Serial LIB
IP Serial LIB Function Groups
Server Control
Port Control
nsio_init
nsio_end
nsio_resetserver
nsio_checkalive
nsio_open
nsio_close
nsio_ioctl
nsio_flowctrl
nsio_DTR
nsio_RTS
nsio_lctrl
nsio_baud
nsio_resetport
Input/Output Data
Port Status
Inquiry
nsio_read
nsio_lstatus
nsio_SetReadTimeouts nsio_data_status
nsio_write
nsio_SetWriteTimeouts
Miscellaneous
nsio_break
nsio_break_on
nsio_break_off
nsio_breakcount
Example Program
char NPort IA5150/5250-Nip=”192.168.1.10”;
char buffer[255];
/*data buffer, 255 chars */
int port = 1;
/*1st port */
int portid;
/* port handle */
nsio_init();
/*initial IP Serial Library */
portid = nsio_open(NPort IA5150/5250ip, port);
/*1st port, NPort IA5150/5250
nsio_ioctl(portid, B9600, (BIT_8 | STOP_1 | P_NONE) ); IP=192.168.1.10 */
sleep(1000);
/*set 9600, N81 */
nsio_read(port, buffer, 200);
/* wait for 1000 ms for data */
nsio_close(portid);
/* read 200 bytes from port 1 */
nsio_end();
/* close this serial port */
/* close IP Serial Library */
7-3
A
Appendix A
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
The following topics are covered in this appendix:
‰ Port Pinout Diagrams
¾ RS-232/422/485 (male DB9) Pinouts
¾ 4W/2W RS-485/RS-422 (Terminal Block) Pinouts
¾ Power Input and Relay Output Pinouts
‰ Cable Wiring Diagrams
¾ Serial Cables
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
Port Pinout Diagrams
RS-232/422/485 (male DB9) Pinouts
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
PIN
RS-232
RS-422/
RS-485 (4W)
RS-485 (2W)
1
DCD
TxD-(A)
---
2
RXD
TxD+(B)
---
3
TXD
RxD+(B)
Data+(B)
4
DTR
RxD-(A)
Data-(A)
5
GND
GND
GND
6
DSR
---
---
7
RTS
---
---
8
CTS
---
---
9
---
---
---
4W/2W RS-485/RS-422 (Terminal Block) Pinouts
1
2
3
4
PIN
SIGNAL
1
TxD-(A)
2
TxD+(B)
3
RxD+(B)
4
RxD-(A)
5
GND
5
V1
V1+
V2
1
V2+
Power Input and Relay Output Pinouts
Shielded
Ground
V2+
V2-
DC Power
input 1
DC Power
input 1
Relay
output
A-2
Relay
output
V1+
V1-
DC Power
input 2
DC Power
input 2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Pinouts and Cable Wiring
Cable Wiring Diagrams
Serial Cables
Female DB9 to Male DB9
Male DB9
Female DB9
Male DB9
RS-232
Device
NPort IA
Cable Wiring
9 pins
DCD
RxD
TxD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
Female DB9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 pins
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DCD
TxD
RxD
DSR
GND
DTR
CTS
RTS
Female DB9 to Male DB25
Male DB9
Female DB9
Male DB25
RS-232
Device
NPort IA
Cable Wiring
9 pins
DCD
RxD
TxD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
Female DB25
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
25 pins
8
3
2
20
7
6
4
5
A-3
DCD
TxD
RxD
DSR
GND
DTR
CTS
RTS
B
Appendix B
Well Known Port Numbers
In this appendix, which is included for your reference, we provide a list of Well Known port
numbers that may cause network problems if you set NPort IA5150/5250 to one of these ports.
Refer to RFC 1700 for Well Known port numbers, or refer to the following introduction from the
IANA.
The port numbers are divided into three ranges: the Well Known Ports, the Registered Ports, and
the Dynamic and/or Private Ports.
The Well Known Ports range from 0 through 1023.
The Registered Ports range from 1024 through 49151.
The Dynamic and/or Private Ports range from 49152 through 65535.
The Well Known Ports are assigned by the IANA, and on most systems, can only be used by
system processes or by programs executed by privileged users. The following table shows famous
port numbers among the well-known port numbers. For more details, please visit the IANA
website at http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers.
TCP Socket
Application Service
0
reserved
1
TCP Port Service Multiplexor
2
Management Utility
7
Echo
9
Discard
11
Active Users (systat)
13
Daytime
15
Netstat
20
FTP data port
21
FTP CONTROL port
23
Telnet
25
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
37
Time (Time Server)
42
Host name server (names server)
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
TCP Socket
Well Known Port Numbers
Application Service
43
Whois (nickname)
49
(Login Host Protocol) (Login)
53
Domain Name Server (domain)
79
Finger protocol (Finger)
80
World Wibe Web HTTP
119
Netword news Transfer Protocol (NNTP)
123
Network Time Protocol
213
IPX
160 – 223
Reserved for future use
UDP Socket
Application Service
0
reserved
2
Management Utility
7
Echo
9
Discard
11
Active Users (systat)
13
Daytime
35
Any private printer server
39
Resource Location Protocol
42
Host name server (names server)
43
Whois (nickname)
49
(Login Host Protocol) (Login)
53
Domain Name Server (domain)
69
Trivial Transfer Protocol (TETP)
70
Gopler Protocol
79
Finger Protocol
80
World Wide Web HTTP
107
Remote Telnet Service
111
Sun Remote Procedure Call (Sunrpc)
119
Network news Tcanster Protocol (NNTP)
123
Network Time protocol (nnp)
161
SNMP (Simple Network Mail Protocol)
162
SNMP Traps
213
IPX (Used for IP Tunneling)
B-2
C
Appendix C
SNMP Agents with MIB II & RS-232
like groups
NPort IA5150/5250 has built-in SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) agent software
that supports SNMP Trap, RFC1317 RS-232 like groups and RFC 1213 MIB-II. The following
table lists the standard MIB-II groups, as well as the variable implementation for NPort
IA5150/5250.
RFC1213 MIB-II supported SNMP variables:
System MIB
Interfaces MIB
IP MIB
ICMP MIB
SysDescr
itNumber
ipForwarding
IcmpInMsgs
SysObjectID
ifIndex
ipDefaultTTL
IcmpInErrors
SysUpTime
ifDescr
ipInreceives
IcmpInDestUnreachs
SysContact
ifType
ipInHdrErrors
IcmpInTimeExcds
SysName
ifMtu
ipInAddrErrors
IcmpInParmProbs
SysLocation
ifSpeed
ipForwDatagrams
IcmpInSrcQuenchs
SysServices
ifPhysAddress
ipInUnknownProtos
IcmpInRedirects
ifAdminStatus
ipInDiscards
IcmpInEchos
ifOperStatus
ipInDelivers
IcmpInEchoReps
ifLastChange
ipOutRequests
IcmpInTimestamps
ifInOctets
ipOutDiscards
IcmpTimestampReps
ifInUcastPkts
ipOutNoRoutes
IcmpInAddrMasks
ifInNUcastPkts
ipReasmTimeout
IcmpOutMsgs
ifInDiscards
ipReasmReqds
IcmpOutErrors
ifInErrors
ipReasmOKs
IcmpOutDestUnreachs
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
System MIB
SysServices
SNMP Agents
Interfaces MIB
IP MIB
ICMP MIB
ifInUnknownProtos ipReasmFails
IcmpOutTimeExcds
ifOutOctets
ipFragOKs
IcmpOutParmProbs
ifOutUcastPkts
ipFragFails
IcmpOutSrcQuenchs
ifOutNUcastPkts
ipFragCreates
IcmpOutRedirects
ifOutDiscards
ipAdEntAddr
IcmpOutEchos
ifOutErrors
ipAdEntIfIndex
IcmpOutEchoReps
ifOutQLen
ipAdEntNetMask
IcmpOutTimestamps
ifSpecific
ipAdEntBcastAddr
IcmpOutTimestampReps
ipAdEntReasmMaxSize
IcmpOutAddrMasks
IpNetToMediaIfIndex
IcmpOutAddrMaskReps
IpNetToMediaPhysAddress
IpNetToMediaNetAddress
IpNetToMediaType
IpRoutingDiscards
UDP MIB
TCP MIB
SNMP MIB
UdpInDatagrams
tcpRtoAlgorithm
snmpInPkts
UdpNoPorts
tcpRtoMin
snmpOutPkts
UdpInErrors
tcpRtoMax
snmpInBadVersions
UdpOutDatagrams
tcpMaxConn
snmpInBadCommunityNames
UdpLocalAddress
tcpActiveOpens
snmpInASNParseErrs
UdpLocalPort
tcpPassiveOpens
snmpInTooBigs
tcpAttempFails
snmpInNoSuchNames
Address Translation MIB
tcpEstabResets
snmpInBadValues
AtIfIndex
tcpCurrEstab
snmpInReadOnlys
AtPhysAddress
tcpInSegs
snmpInGenErrs
AtNetAddress
tcpOutSegs
snmpInTotalReqVars
C-2
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Address Translation MIB
AtNetAddress
SNMP Agents
TCP MIB
SNMP MIB
tcpRetransSegs
snmpInTotalSetVars
tcpConnState
snmpInGetRequests
tcpConnLocalAddress
snmpInGetNexts
tcpConnLocalPort
snmpInSetRequests
tcpConnRemAddress
snmpInGetResponses
tcpConnRemPort
snmpInTraps
tcpInErrs
snmpOutTooBigs
tcpOutRsts
snmpOutNoSuchNames
snmpOutBadValues
snmpOutGenErrs
snmpOutGetRequests
snmpOutGetNexts
snmpOutSetRequests
snmpOutGetResponses
snmpOutTraps
snmpEnableAuthenTraps
RFC1317: RS-232 MIB objects
Generic RS-232-like Group
RS-232-like General Port
Table
RS-232-like Asynchronous
Port Group
rs232Number
rs232PortTable
rs232AsyncPortTable
rs232PortEntry
rs232AsyncPortEntry
rs232PortIndex
rs232AsyncPortIndex
rs232PortType
rs232AsyncPortBits
rs232PortInSigNumber
rs232AsyncPortStopBits
rs232PortOutSigNumber
rs232AsyncPortParity
rs232PortInSpeed
rs232PortOutSpeed
C-3
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
SNMP Agents
The Input Signal Table
The Output Signal Table
rs232InSigTable
rs232OutSigTable
rs232InSigEntry
rs232OutSigEntry
rs232InSigPortIndex
rs232OutSigPortIndex
rs232InSigName
rs232OutSigName
rs232InSigState
rs232OutSigState
C-4
D
Appendix D
Auto IP Report Protocol
NPort Series provides several ways to configure Ethernet IP addresses. One is DHCP Client.
When you set up NPort to use DHCP Client to configure Ethernet IP addresses, it will
automatically send a DHCP request over the Ethernet to find the DHCP Server. And then the
DHCP Server will send an available IP address to the NPort. The NPort will use this IP address for
a period of time after receiving it, but the NPort will send a DHCP request again to the DHCP
Server. Once the DHCP Server realizes that this IP address is to be released to other DHCP Clients,
the NPort then will receive a different IP address. For this reason, users sometimes find that the
NPort will use different IP addresses, not a fixed IP address.
In order to know which IP address the NPort is using, you need to set up parameters in Network
Settings via Web browser. The figure below shows the NPort Web console configuration window.
Enter the IP address and the Port number of the PC that you want to send this information to.
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Auto IP Report Format
“MOXA”, 4 bytes
Info[0]
Info [n]
Field
Length
ID
1
Auto IP Report Protocol
Info[1]
Length
1
…
Info[n]
Data
Variable, Length is “Length Field”
ID List
ID Value
1
2
3
Description
Server Name
Hardware ID
MAC Address
Length
Variable
2
6
Note
ASCII char
Little-endian
4
5
6
7
8
Serial Number
IP Address
Netmask
Default Gateway
Firmware Version
4, DWORD
4, DWORD
4, DWORD
4, DWORD
4, DWORD
9
AP ID
4, DWORD
Little-endian
Little-endian
Little-endian
Little-endian
Little-endian
Ver1.3.4= 0x0103040
Little-endian
6 bytes MAC address. If the MAC
address is "00-90-E8-01-02-03", the
MAC[0] is 0, MAC[1] is 0x90(hex),
MAC[2] is 0xE8(hex), and so on.
AP ID & Hardware ID Mapping Table
AP ID
Hardware ID
0x80005000
0x0504
0x80005000
0x0534
Product
NPort 5410
NPort 5430
0x80005000
0x1534
NPort 5430I
0x80000312
0x0312
NPort 5230
0x80000312
0x0322
NPort 5210
0x80000312
0x0332
NPort 5232
0x80000312
0x1332
NPort 5232I
0x80005610
0x5618
NPort 5610-8
0x80005610
0x5613
NPort 5610-16
0x80005610
0x5638
NPort 5630-8
0x80005610
0x5633
NPort 5630-16
D-2
E
Appendix E
Service Information
This appendix shows you how to contact Moxa for information about this and other products, and
how to report problems.
In this appendix, we cover the following topics.
‰ MOXA Internet Services
‰ Problem Report Form
‰ Product Return Procedure
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Service Information
MOXA Internet Services
Customer satisfaction is our number one concern, and to ensure that customers receive the full
benefit of our products, Moxa Internet Services has been set up to provide technical support, driver
updates, product information, and user’s manual updates.
The following services are provided
E-mail for technical support................................support@moxa.com.tw
World Wide Web (WWW) Site for product information:
.............................http://www.moxa.com
.............................http://www.moxa.com.tw
E-2
or
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Service Information
Problem Report Form
MOXA NPort IA5150/5250 Series
Customer name:
Company:
Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Date:
1.
Moxa Product: † NPort IA5150
† NPort IA5150I
† NPort IA5150-M-SC
† NPort IA5150-S-SC
† NPort IA5150I-M-SC
† NPort IA5150I-S-SC
† NPort IA5250
2.
Serial Number:
_________________
Problem Description: Please describe the symptoms of the problem as clearly as possible, including any error
messages you see. A clearly written description of the problem will allow us to reproduce the symptoms, and
expedite the repair of your product.
E-3
NPort IA5150/5250 Series User’s Manual
Service Information
Product Return Procedure
For product repair, exchange, or refund, the customer must:

Provide evidence of original purchase.

Obtain a Product Return Agreement (PRA) from the sales representative or dealer.

Fill out the Problem Report Form (PRF). Include as much detail as possible for a shorter
product repair time.

Carefully pack the product in an anti-static package, and send it, pre-paid, to the dealer. The
PRA should be visible on the outside of the package, and include a description of the problem,
along with the return address and telephone number of a technical contact.
E-4