Agilent Technologies 4285A Instruction manual

Agilent 4285A Precision LCR Meter
Getting Started Guide
SERIAL NUMBERS
This manual applies directly to instruments with serial number prex
3009J.
Agilent Part No. 04285-90011
Printed in JAPAN March 2001
Fourth Edition
Notice
The information contained in this document is subject to change
without notice.
This document contains proprietary information which is protected by
copyright. All rights are reserved. No part of this document may be
photocopied, reproduced, or translated to another language without
the prior written consent of the Agilent Technologies.
Agilent Technologies Japan, Ltd.
Component Test PGU-Kobe
1-3-2, Murotani, Nishi-ku, Kobe-shi,
Hyogo, 651-2241 Japan
c Copyright 1990, 1996, 2000, 2001 Agilent Technologies Japan, Ltd.
Manual Printing
History
The manual printing date and part number indicate its current
edition. The printing date changes when a new edition is printed.
(Minor corrections and updates which are incorporated at reprint do
not cause the date to change.) The manual part number changes when
extensive technical changes are incorporated.
June 1990 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : First Edition (part number: 04285-90001)
December 1996 : : : : : : : : : Second Edition (part number: 04285-90011)
March 2000 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Third Edition (part number: 04285-90011)
March 2001 : : : : : : : : : : : : : Fourth Edition (part number: 04285-90011)
iii
Safety Summary
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all
phases of operation, service, and repair of this instrument. Failure to
comply with these precautions or with specic WARNINGS elsewhere
in this manual may impair the protection provided by the equipment.
In addition it violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and
intended use of the instrument.
The Agilent Technologies assumes no liability for the customer's
failure to comply with these requirements.
Note
4285A complies with INSTALLATION CATEGORY II and POLLUTION
DEGREE 2 in IEC1010-1.4285A is INDOOR USE product.
Note
LEDs in this product are Class 1 in accordance with IEC825-1.
CLASS 1 LED PRODUCT
Ground The
Instrument
To avoid electric shock hazard, the instrument chassis and cabinet
must be connected to a safety earth ground by the supplied power
cable with earth blade.
DO NOT Operate In An
Explosive Atmosphere
Do not operate the instrument in the presence of ammable gasses or
fumes. Operation of any electrical instrument in such an environment
constitutes a denite safety hazard.
Keep Away From Live
Circuits
Operating personnel must not remove instrument covers. Component
replacement and internal adjustments must be made by qualied
maintenance personnel. Do not replace components with the power
cable connected. Under certain conditions, dangerous voltages may
exist even with the power cable removed. To avoid injuries, always
disconnect power and discharge circuits before touching them.
DO NOT Service Or
Adjust Alone
Do not attempt internal service or adjustment unless another person,
capable of rendering rst aid and resuscitation, is present.
DO NOT Substitute
Parts Or Modify
Instrument
Because of the danger of introducing additional hazards, do not
install substitute parts or perform unauthorized modications to the
instrument. Return the instrument to a Agilent Technologies Sales and
Service Oce for service and repair to ensure that safety features are
maintained.
Dangerous Procedure
Warnings
Warnings , such as the example below, precede potentially dangerous
procedures throughout this manual. Instructions contained in the
warnings must be followed.
Warning
Dangerous voltages, capable of causing death, are present in this
instrument. Use extreme caution when handling, testing, and
adjusting this instrument.
iv
Safety Symbols
General denitions of safety symbols used on equipment or in manuals
are listed below.
Instruction manual symbol: the product is marked
with this symbol when it is necessary for the user to
refer to the instruction manual.
Alternating current.
Direct current.
On (Supply).
O (Supply).
In position of push-button switch.
Out position of push-button switch.
Frame (or chassis) terminal. A connection to the
frame (chassis) of the equipment which normally
include all exposed metal structures.
This Warning sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention
to a procedure, practice, condition or the like, which,
if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in injury or death to personnel.
This Caution sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention
to a procedure, practice, condition or the like, which,
if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in damage to or destruction of part or all of the
product.
Note denotes important information. It calls
attention to a procedure, practice, condition or the
like, which is essential to highlight.
Axed to product containing static sensitive devices
use anti-static handling procedures to prevent
electrostatic discharge damage to component.
v
4285A Precision
LCR Meter
Documentation
Map
The documentation for the 4285A has been separated into several
manuals. Following is a brief description of each manual and its
purpose.
The 4285A Getting Started Guide walks you through
system setup and initial power-up, shows how to make
basic measurements and explains commonly used features.
The 4285A OPERATION MANUAL (Agilent Part Number
04285-90020) provides general information, specications,
GPIB programming information, and in depth reference
information.
The 4285A MAINTENANCE MANUAL (Agilent Part
Number 04285-90030) explains how to verify conformance
to published specications.
The 4285A SERVICE MANUAL (Agilent Part Number
04285-90031) explains how to adjust, troubleshoot, and
repair the instrument. (Furnished Option 915 only.)
vi
Typeface
Conventions
Bold
Italics
Computer
4HARDKEYS5
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
SOFTKEYS
Boldface type is used when a term is dened.
For example: icons are symbols.
Italic type is used for emphasis and for titles
of manuals and other publications.
Italic type is also used for keyboard entries
when a name or a variable must be typed in
place of the words in italics. For example:
copy lename means to type the word copy,
to type a space, and then to type the name of
a le such as file1.
Computer font is used for on-screen prompts
and messages.
Labeled keys on the instrument front panel
are enclosed in 4 5.
Softkeys located to the right of the Liquid
Crystal Display (LCD) are enclosed in .
NNNNN
Certication
Agilent Technologies certies that this product met its published
specications at the time of shipment from the factory. Agilent
Technologies further certies that its calibration measurements are
traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and
Technology (nist), to the extent allowed by the Institute's calibration
facility, or to the calibration facilities of other International Standards
Organization members.
Warranty
This Agilent Technologies instrument product is warranted against
defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from
the date of shipment, except that in the case of certain components
listed in \Components not Covered by Warranty" in Chapter 1 of this
manual, the warranty shall be for the specied period. During the
warranty period, Agilent Technologies will, at its option, either repair
or replace products which prove to be defective.
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to a
service facility designated by Agilent Technologies. Buyer shall prepay
shipping charges to Agilent Technologies and Agilent Technologies
shall pay shipping charges to return the product to Buyer. However,
Buyer shall pay all shipping charges, duties, and taxes for products
returned to Agilent Technologies from another country.
Agilent Technologies warrants that its software and rmware
designated by Agilent Technologies for use with an instrument will
execute its programming instruction when property installed on that
instrument. Agilent Technologies does not warrant that the operation
vii
of the instrument, or software, or rmware will be uninterrupted or
error free.
Limitation of
Warranty
The foregoing warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from
improper or inadequate maintenance by Buyer, Buyer-supplied
software or interfacing, unauthorized modication or misuse,
operation outside of the environmental specications for the product,
or improper site preparation or maintenance.
No other warranty is expressed or implied. Agilent Technologies
specically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and
tness for a particular purpose.
Exclusive
Remedies
The remedies provided herein are buyer's sole and exclusive
remedies. Agilent Technologies shall not be liable for any direct,
indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages, whether based
on contract, tort, or any other legal theory.
Assistance
Product maintenance agreements and other customer assistance
agreements are available for Agilent Technologies products.
For any assistance, contact your nearest Agilent Technologies Sales
and Service Oce. Addresses are provided at the back of this manual.
viii
Contents
1. Before You Begin
Initial Considerations . . . . . .
Preparation for Use . . . . . . .
Power Requirements . . . . .
Line Voltage and Fuse Selection
Line Voltage Selection . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
Fuse Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up the High Current DC Biased Measurement
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Test Fixture . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interconnecting the Units . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up the Precision Q Measurement System . .
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interconnecting the Units . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting 4285A, 42841A, and 42851A . . . . . .
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interconnecting Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
1-2
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-5
2. Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
Front Panel Description . . . . . . .
LCD Panel and Softkey . . . . . .
MENU keys and Display Pages . . .
CURSOR and CURSOR Keys . . . .
ENTRY Keys . . . . . . . . . . .
GPIB Status Indicator and 4LCL5 Key
4TRIGGER5 Key
. . . . . . . . . .
Memory Card Slot . . . . . . . .
4DC-BIAS5 Key . . . . . . . . . . .
Contrast Control Knob . . . . . .
Front Panel Operation . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-5
2-5
2-6
3. Basic Measurement Examples
Introduction . . . . . . . . .
Capacitor Measurement . . . .
Measurement Conditions . .
Equipment Required . . . .
Operation Procedure . . . .
Inductance Measurements . . .
Measurement Conditions . .
Equipment Required . . . .
Operation Procedure . . . .
DC Voltage Biased Measurement
Measurement Conditions . .
Equipment Required . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-10
3-10
3-10
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Contents-1
Preparation Before Measurement . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Option Installed . . . . . . . . . .
Operation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurements Using 1m/2m Test Leads . . . . . . .
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Current Biased Measurement . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparation Before Measurement . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Option Installed . . . . . . . . . .
Conguring the High Current Biased Measurement
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Precision Q Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparation Before Measurement . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Option Installed . . . . . . . . . .
Congure the Precision Q measurement System . .
Operation Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-14
3-14
3-14
3-20
3-20
3-20
3-20
3-20
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
3-20
3-23
3-27
3-27
3-27
3-27
3-27
3-27
3-28
4. Instrument Feature Tutorial
Memory Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Non-Volatile Memory/External Memory Card
Automatic Level Control Function . . . . . . . . . .
ALC Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ALC Measurement Time . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ALC Voltage/Current Setting Range . . . . . . . .
Operation Procedure of the ALC Function . . . . .
List Sweep Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structure of LIST SWEEP function . . . . . . . .
LIST SWEEP DISPLAY page . . . . . . . . . . .
LIST SWEEP SETUP page . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIST SWEEP Measurement Procedure . . . . . . .
Print Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-9
4-9
4-10
4-10
5. What's Next?
Index
Contents-2
Figures
1-1.
1-2.
1-3.
1-4.
2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
2-4.
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
3-6.
3-7.
3-8.
3-9.
3-10.
3-11.
3-12.
3-13.
3-14.
3-15.
3-16.
3-17.
3-18.
3-19.
3-20.
3-21.
3-22.
3-23.
3-24.
3-25.
3-26.
3-27.
3-28.
3-29.
3-30.
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
Line Voltage Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bias Current System Conguration . . . . . . . . .
Q Measurement System Conguration . . . . . . .
Chaining the 42841A and the 42851A . . . . . . .
Front Panel Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MENU Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entry Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CURSOR Keys and Field Operation Example . . . .
Connecting the 16047C . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Shorting Bar . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting DUT to the 16047C . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement Results for a 220 pF Capacitor . . . .
Connecting the 16034E . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16034E Contacts in OPEN Condition . . . . . . . .
Make the 16034E to SHORT Condition . . . . . . .
Connecting DUT to the 16034E . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement Results of The Ferrite-Cored Inductor .
Connecting the 16047C . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting A Shorting Bar . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting DUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage Biased (Option 001) Measurement Results . .
Cable Correction Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42102A 100
Resistor connection . . . . . . . . .
OPEN Termination Connection . . . . . . . . . .
OPEN Termination (Alternative) . . . . . . . . . .
SHORT Termination Connection . . . . . . . . . .
SHORT Termination (Alternative) . . . . . . . . .
100 Resistor Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42842C Bias Current Test Fixture Connection . . . .
High Current Biased Measurement Setup . . . . . .
Open Condition of the 42842C . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Furnished Shorting Bar . . . . . .
Ferrite-Cored Inductor Measurement Results . . . .
Precision Q Measurement Setup . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Shorting Bar . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the SMD Test Fixture . . . . . . . . .
Connecting DUT to the SMD Test Fixture . . . . . .
Inductor Precise Q Measurement Results . . . . . .
Feedback Control Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Structure of LIST SWEEP Function . . . . . . . .
List Sweep Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1-2
1-4
1-5
1-6
2-1
2-2
2-4
2-6
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-15
3-15
3-16
3-16
3-17
3-18
3-18
3-21
3-23
3-24
3-25
3-26
3-28
3-29
3-30
3-30
3-31
4-3
4-5
4-7
Contents-3
Tables
1-1. Line Voltage Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Fuse Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. PRINT DISP and PRINT DATA Availability . . . . .
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Contents-4
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
1-2
1-3
4-9
1
Before You Begin
Welcome to the 4285A Precsision LCR Meter world. The 4285A (75
kHz { 30 MHz) sets a new standard in advanced component and
materials measurement.
Use this guide to install and learn how to operate the 4285A quickly.
Whatever you are a novice to LCR meter use or an experienced user,
this guide will give you a working knowledge of the 4285A so that
you can start using the 4285A immediately to evaluate your devices.
This guide covers:
Installation
Front/Rear Panel Components
Front Panel Operation
Basic Measurement Examples
Memory Function Structure
Automatic Level Control Function Operation
List Sweep Function Operation
Printing Measurement Result
Performing Error Correction Function
Initial
Considerations
The 4285A has been carefully inspected both electrically and
mechanically before being shipped from the factory. Verify this by
carefully performing an incoming inspection to check the instrument
for signs of physical damage, missing contents, and to check that it
passes its electrical performance test. If any discrepancy is found,
notify both the carrier and Agilent Technologies. For details of the
performance test procedure, refer to the 4285A Maintenance Manual,
(Agilent part number 04285-90030).
Before You Begin
1-1
Preparation for
Use
Power Requirements
Line Voltage and Fuse
Selection
Caution
Before turning the power on, the 4285A and its accessories must be
installed and interconnected correctly.
The 4285A requires the following power source:
Voltage : 90 to 132 Vac, 198 to 252 Vac
Frequency : 47 to 66 Hz
Power : 200 VA maximum
Figure 1-1 illustrates the line voltage selection switch and fuseholder
on the instrument's rear panel.
Figure 1-1. Line Voltage Selector
Before connecting the instrument to the power source, make sure
that the correct fuse has been installed and the Line Voltage Selection
Switch is correctly set.
Line Voltage Selection
Select the proper voltage selector according to the Table 1-1.
Table 1-1. Line Voltage Selection
Voltage
Selector
Line
Voltage
115 V
90{132 V, 47{66 Hz
230 V 198{252 V, 47{66 Hz
Fuse Selection
Select proper fuse according to the Table 1-2. Current ratings for
the fuse are printed under the fuseholder on the rear panel, and are
listed, along with the fuse's Agilent part number, in Table 1-2.
1-2
Before You Begin
Table 1-2. Fuse Selection
Operating
Fuse
Fuse
Voltage Rating/Type Part Number
3A 250Vac
115 V UL/CSA type 2110-0381
Time Delay
2A 250Vac
230 V UL/CSA type 2110-0303
Time Delay
If you need this fuse,contact your nearest Agilent Technologies Sales
and Service Oce.
To remove the fuse, turn the fuse holder counterclockwise until the
fuse pops out.
Caution
Use the proper fuse for the line voltage selected. Use only fuses with
the required current rating and of the specied type as replacements.
DO NOT use a mended fuse or short-circuit the fuse-holder in order to
by-pass a blown fuse. Find out what caused the fuse to blow!
Setting Up the High By combining with the 42841A and the 42842C, the 4285A can apply
Current DC Biased a maximum of 10A DC bias current to the device under test (dut).
Measurement System Equipment Required
To perform high current biased impedance measurement, the
following equipment are required.
4285A Precision LCR Meter with Option 002
42841A Bias Current Source
42842C Bias Current Test Fixture
16048A Test Leads
Check the Option slots in the rear panel of the 4285A to conrm that
Option 002 is installed. Option 002 has a 50 pin Amphenol connector,
and is installed in the right most slot (looking from back), labeled
ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE.
Installing the Test Fixture
When you use the 42841A Bias Current Source with the 42842C Bias
Current Test Fixture, connect the 42842C directly to the 42841A. The
connection procedure is:
1. Put the guide rods of the 42842C into the guide holes in the front
of the 42841A.
2. Connect the output terminal of the 42841A to the input terminal of
the 42842C by pushing the 42842C toward the 42841A.
3. Rotate the retaining screws clockwise in front of the 42842C until
it locks.
Before You Begin
1-3
Interconnecting the Units
Interconnect the 4285A, the 42841A, and the 42842C using the proper
cables as shown in Figure 1-2, use the following procedure.
1. Connect the UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A and the
TO UNKNOWN terminals of the 42842C with the 16048A Test
Leads.
2. Connect the ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE connector of the
4285A and the BIAS CONTROL INPUT A connector of the 42841A
using the furnished accessory control interface cable.
Figure 1-2. Bias Current System Conguration
Setting Up the Combined with the 42851A, the 4285A performs precision Q
Precision Q measurement using the resonant measurment method.
Measurement System Equipment Required
To perform precision Q measurement, the following equipment are
required.
4285A Precision LCR Meter with Option 002
42851A Precision Q Adapter
10503A BNC Coaxial Cable (2 ea.)
Interconnecting the Units
Connect the cables between the 4285A and the 42851A as shown in
Figure 1-3, use the following procedure.
1. Connect the UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A and the
TO UNKNOWN terminals of the 42851A using two 10503A BNC
coaxial cables.
1-4
Before You Begin
2. Connect the ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE connector of the
4285A and the CONTROL INPUT connector of the 42851A using
the furnished accessory control interface cable.
Figure 1-3. Q Measurement System Conguration
Connecting 4285A,
42841A, and 42851A
The 42841A and the 42851A use the same accessory control interface,
and both of them can be connected to a 4285A. However, the 4285A
can control either the 42841A or 42851A depending on the CONFIG
eld setting on the SYSTEM CONFIG page.
Equipment Required
The following equipment are required.
4285A Precision LCR Meter with Option 002
42841A Bias Current Source
42842C Bias Current Test Fixture
42851A Precision Q Adapter
16048A Test Leads
10503A BNC Coaxial Cable (2 ea.)
Interconnecting Cables
Connect the cables between the 4285A, the 42841A, and the 42851A
as shown in Figure 1-4 using the following procedure.
1. Connect the ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE connector of the
4285A and the BIAS CONTROL INPUT A connector of the 42841A
using the furnished accessory control interface cable.
2. Connect the BIAS CONTROL INPUT B connector of the 42841A and
the CONTROL INPUT connector of the 42851A using the furnished
accessory control interface cable.
Before You Begin
1-5
3. When you perform a high DC current bias measurement, connect
the UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A and the TO UNKNOWN
terminals of the 42842C using the 16048A test leads.
When you perform a precision Q measurement, connect the
UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A and the TO UNKNOWN
terminals of the 42851A using two 10503A BNC coaxial cables.
Figure 1-4. Chaining the 42841A and the 42851A
To learn how to use the 4285A Precision LCR Meter and its
accessories, continue with the next chapter. The 4285A has already
passed its self-test and is ready to make measurements.
If you want an electrical inspection (incoming inspection, for
instance), go through the 4285A Maintenance Manual (Agilent part
number 04285-90030).
1-6
Before You Begin
2
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
Front Panel
Description
Figure 2-1 shows the front panel of the 4285A. A description of the
front panel is given in the following paragraphs.
Figure 2-1. Front Panel Overview
LCD Panel and Softkey
To simplify the front panel by reducing the front panel keys for each
of the many instrument functions, the 4285A employes LCD (Liquid
Crystal Display)-displayed \menus" for operator input. These menus
list the possible choices for a particular function, with each choice
corresponding to one of the ve softkeys located to the right of the
LCD screen.
In this guide the two types of keys are dierentiated in this way:
4HARDKEY5
Keys on the front panel
Keys located to the right of the LCD bezel
SOFTKEY
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
2-1
MENU keys and
Display Pages
What is the
Measurement Modes?
The 4285A changes the display format dynamically corresponding to
the measurement mode and the MENU key pressed. These formats
are called DISPLAY pages. (In this guide the page name is written in
ITALICS.) The currently selected page name is displayed in the upper
left corner of the LCD screen enclosed in the angle bracket.
The 4285A has following three measurement modes.
Normal LCR measurement mode which uses the auto balancing
bridge measurement method.
Precision Q measurement when combined with the 42851A.
High current DC biased measurement when combined with the
42841A and 42842C.
These measurement modes can be changed on the CONFIG eld in
SYSTEM CONFIG page under 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5.
The 4285A has three MENU keys, and each MENU key has four
display pages as follows.
Figure 2-2. MENU Keys
4DISPLAY
FORMAT5
The display pages under this menukey are used to choose the
measurement display format, sorting, and sweep results. The 4285A
performs measurement from only these pages. Some major selection
elds can be set from these pages the same as from the elds on the
MEAS SETUP page under 4MEAS SETUP5. When the 4285A is turned
on or, when you press 4DISPLAY FORMAT5, MEAS DISPLAY page is
automatically selected. Press a softkey to choose other pages.
MEAS DISPLAY page
BIN No. DISPLAY page
BIN COUNT DISPLAY page
2-2
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
LIST SWEEP DISPLAY page
4MEAS
SETUP5
The display pages under this menukey are used to set all
measurement conditions (including the correction function), and
to set the bin sorting limits. While these pages are displayed, the
4285A stops data acquisition. When you press 4MEAS SETUP5, the
MEAS SETUP page is automatically selected. Press a softkey to
choose other pages.
MEAS SETUP page
CORRECTION page
LIMIT TABLE SETUP page
LIST SWEEP SETUP page
4CATALOG/SYSTEM5
The display pages under this menukey are used for internal
memory/external memory card management, for system
congration, and for service functions. While these pages are
displayed, the 4285A stops data acquisition. When you press
4CATALOG/SYSTEM5, the CATALOG page is automatically selected.
Press a softkey to choose other pages.
CATALOG page
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION page
CABLE CORRECTION page
SELF TEST page
Note
Dierence between
Field and Monitor
Area
CURSOR and
CURSOR Keys
When the 42851A Precision Q Adapter is connected to the 4285A
and activated, all display pages (format) under 4DISPLAY FORMAT5 and
4MEAS SETUP5 will be changed. For operation information, refer to
\Precision Q Measurement" in Chapter 3.
A eld is an area on the LCD screen to set an instrument function.
A monitor area is an area on the LCD screen to indicate the status
or value of each instrument function. Fields can be accessed by the
CURSOR (described below), but a monitor area can't be accessed.
A CURSOR is a movable indicator on the LCD panel that allows you to
access desired elds on each display page. The CURSOR changes the
eld where it resides from the normal white background to a dark
background (inverse video). The CURSOR keys are used to move
the CURSOR to the eld you wish to use. Corresponding to the eld
where the CURSOR resides, the 4285A changes the softkey labels.
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
2-3
ENTRY Keys
In some cases, it is necessary to supply numeric values for a chosen
parameter, such as frequency or comparator limits. The ENTRY keys
are used to input these values. The ENTRY keys are composed of the
digits 405 to 495, a period 4.5, a minus sign 4-5, 4ENTER5, and 4BACK SPACE5.
4ENTER5 terminates numeric input data and enters the displayed value
on the input line (second line from the bottom of the LCD screen).
4BACK SPACE5 deletes one last character of the input value. When
you enter numeric values from the ENTRY keys, available units are
displayed on the softkeys. These unit keys also teminate numeric
input data and enters the displayed value on the input line in the
specied unit.
Figure 2-3. Entry Keys
GPIB Status Indicator
and 4 5 Key
LCL
4TRIGGER5
2-4
Key
The General Purpose Interface Bus (gpib) status indicators consist of
the RMT (remote), TLK (talk), LTN (listen), and SRQ (service request)
indicators. These indicators are used to show the 4285A's GPIB status
when it is connected to a controller (computer) via GPIB. 4LCL5 (local)
forces the 4285A to the local (front-panel) mode, if it was in remote
mode and if the GPIB controller had not invoked a local lockout.
4LCL5 is the only front-panel key activeated while the 4285A is in the
remote mode.
This key is used to manually trigger the 4285A when it is set to the
manual trigger mode.
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
Memory Card Slot
Caution
4DC-BIAS5
This slot is used to connect a memory card which allows you to load
or to store instrument settings except for correction information.
Stored records can be checked on the CATALOG page.
The Memory card is ejected by pressing the UNLOCK button above
the memory card slot.
Use Agilent-specied memory cards containing 4285A-specic
data only. If other memory cards are used, the 4285A may be
damaged. Non 4285A-specic data contained on a memory card is not
guaranteed, and the data may be lost.
To insert a memory card into the MEMORY card slot, hold the memory
card with the label facing up and with the contacts toward the slot
opening. Insert the card into the slot until it clicks into place.
To remove a memory card from the 4285A, press the UNLOCK button
and remove the card.
Do NOT remove a memory card while LOADing or STORing data.
Doing so may damage the memory card and any data stored in the
memory card may be lost.
Store memory cards in their furnished card cases when not in use.
The card case protects memory cards from contamination and
electrostatic discharge. Also, store memory cards under the following
environmental conditions.
Storage Temperature Range: 030 C to +70 C
Storage Humidity Range:
30% to 85% (@+50 C)
Do NOT shock or stress memory cards.
When storing or moving your 4285A, be sure the memory card slot is
empty (no memory card inserted).
Do NOT touch the connector contact surface of a memory card and do
NOT use liquid chemicals to clean the contacts.
Key
Contrast Control Knob
This key is used to control the DC bias output. 4DC BIAS5 is a toggle
type switch, and the DC BIAS on/o LED indicator is located above
the 4DC BIAS5. When 4DC BIAS5 is set to ON, the DC BIAS on/o LED
indicator is ON. When 4DC BIAS5 is set to OFF, the DC BIAS on/o LED
indicator is OFF. If the 4DC BIAS5 is set to OFF, even though the DC bias
is set to ON according to the LCD display, the set DC bias isn't being
output.
This knob controls the LCD's CONTRAST. When you can't read the
LCD screen well, adjust this knob.
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
2-5
Front Panel
Operation
Basic operation of the 4285A is described in the following paragraphs.
1. Display the desired display page using both the MENU keys and the
softkeys.
2. Use the CURSOR keys to move the CURSOR to the eld to be used.
The CURSOR will be an inverse video marker, and the eld is an
area to which you can set the CURSOR. (Refer to Figure 2-4)
Figure 2-4. CURSOR Keys and Field Operation Example
3. Dierent softkeys will be displayed corresponding to the position
of the CURSOR. Select and press a softkey. The numeric entry
keys and 4ENTER5 are used to enter numeric data. When one of
the numeric entry keys is pressed, the softkeys will change to the
softkeys labeled by the unit names available. You can use these
unit softkeys instead of 4ENTER5. When 4ENTER5 is used, the numeric
data is entered with the default unit depending on the CURSOR
eld selected, for example, test frequency's unit is Hz.
2-6
Getting Acquainted with the 4285A
3
Basic Measurement Examples
Introduction
This chapter demonstrates several types of impedance measurements
that can be made with the 4285A and its accessories. Each example
includes the DUT's specications, equipment required, measurement
conditions, and operation procedures. The basic procedures to
perform these measurements are the same as the \Front Panel
Operation" in Chapter 2.
Capacitor
Measurement
In this example a 220 pF ceramic capacitor will be measured under
the following conditions.
DUT :
220 pF ceramic capacitor
(Agilent Part Number 0160-4812)
Measurement
Conditions
Equipment Required
Operation Procedure
Function :
Frequency :
Test Signal Level :
Cp -D
10 MHz
1V
16047C Test Fixture
Shorting bar (Agilent Part Number 5000-4226) or equivalent
1. Turn the 4285A ON.
2. Set the 4285A to the normal LCR measurement mode which uses
the auto balancing bridge measuring method.
a. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG . SYSTEM CONFIG
page will now be displayed.
b. Move the CURSOR to CONFIG eld. I BIAS , Q ADAPTER , and
OFF will be displayed.
c. Press OFF to perform a normal LCR measurement.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
3. Setup the 4285A's measurement conditions by modifying the elds
on the MEAS DISPLAY page.
Set the FREQ eld to 10 MHz. (The other functions, including the
measurement function are left at the default settings.)
a. Move the CURSOR to the FREQ eld. The current measurement
frequency, 1.0000MHz is displayed in this eld.
b. Press 415 and 405. 10 will be displayed on the system message
line, and the softkey labels will change to the available units
( kHz and MHz ). Press MHz . 10.0000MHz is now displayed in
the FREQ eld.
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
Basic Measurement Examples
3-1
Note
The FREQUENCY can be changed using INCR * , INCR 1Hz ,
DECR 1Hz , and DECR + which are displayed when the CURSOR is
moved to the FREQ eld. INCR * and DECR + set a frequency from
the following default 28 frequencies.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
75 kHz
80 kHz
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
100 kHz
120 kHz
150 kHz
200 kHz
250 kHz
300 kHz
400 kHz
500 kHz
600 kHz
800 kHz
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
1 MHz
1.2 MHz
1.5 MHz
2 MHz
2.5 MHz
3 MHz
4 MHz
5 MHz
6 MHz
8 MHz
10 MHz
12 MHz
15 MHz
20 MHz
25 MHz
30 MHz
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
INCR 1Hz and DECR 1Hz increment and decrement the current test
frequency with the specied step value respectively. The step value
can be changed with 1kHz and 1MHz , which will be displayed when
the numeric value is entered from the entry keys. The default step
value is 100 Hz.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Note
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
The measurement conditions can also be set on the MEAS SETUP page
displayed when 4MEAS SETUP5 is pressed. The setup operation on the
MEAS SETUP page is the same as in the preceding steps from 2 to 3.
4. Connect the test xture to the 4285A.
The 16047C Test Fixture is used for this measurement example.
Connect the 16047C to the 4285A's UNKNOWN terminals, as shown
in Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1. Connecting the 16047C
3-2
Basic Measurement Examples
5. Perform error correction.
To compensate for the 16047C's residuals and strays, OPEN/SHORT
correction is required.
a. Leave the 16047C OPEN as shown in Figure 3-1.
b. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 and CORRECTION . The CORRECTION page is
displayed.
c. Move the CURSOR to the OPEN eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS OPEN are displayed.
d. Press MEAS OPEN to perform the OPEN correction
data measurement. The message OPEN measurement in
progress will be displayed on the system message line. Wait
approximetory 50 seconds until the message OPEN measurement
completed. is displayed on the system message line.
e. Press ON to set the OPEN correction function to ON.
f. Connect a shorting bar to the 16047C to set up the SHORT
condition as shown in Figure 3-2.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
Figure 3-2. Connecting a Shorting Bar
g. Move the CURSOR to the SHORT eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS SHORT are displayed.
h. Press MEAS SHORT to perform the SHORT correction
data measurement. The message SHORT measurement in
progress will be displayed on the system message line.
Wait approximetory 50 seconds until the message SHORT
measurement completed. is displayed on the system message
line.
i. Press ON to set the SHORT correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
6. Connect a DUT to the test xture.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-3
Insert the DUT into the 16047C's measurement contacts deeply
as shown in Figure 3-3. Tighten the measurement terminal knob
clockwise until the DUT is in rm contact with the 16047C's
electrodes.
Figure 3-3. Connecting DUT to the 16047C
7. Perform the measurement.
Press 4DISPLAY FORMAT5. The internal trigger starts and continuously
repeats the measurements. The capacitor's measured Cp and D
values are displayed in large characters as shown in Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-4. Measurement Results for a 220 pF Capacitor
3-4
Basic Measurement Examples
Inductance
Measurements
Measurement
Conditions
Equipment Required
Operation Procedure
This section describes an example of measuring a chip type 470
nH ferrite-cored inductor. It will be measured under the following
conditions.
DUT :
Chip type 470 nH ferrite-cored inductor
(Agilent Part Number 9140-1235)
Ls - Rs
25.2 MHz
10 mA (constant)
Function :
Frequency :
Test Signal Level :
16034E Test Fixture
1. Turn the 4285A ON.
2. Set the 4285A to the normal LCR measurement mode which uses
the auto balancing bridge measuring method.
a. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 amd SYSTEM CONFIG . SYSTEM CONFIG
page will now be displayed
b. Move the CURSOR to the CONFIG eld. I BIAS , Q ADAPTER ,
and OFF will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
c. Press OFF to perform a normal LCR measurement.
NNNNNNNNNNN
3. Setup the 4285A measurement conditions by lling in the elds on
the MEAS DISPLAY page.
Set FUNCtion to Ls -Rs , FREQuency to 25.2 MHz, and LEVEL to
10 mA constant. (The other functions will be left at the default
settings.)
a. Move the CURSOR to the FUNC eld. The Current measurement
function, Cp -D, is displayed in this eld, and Cp-D , Cp-Q ,
Cp-G , Cp-Rp , and more 1/6 are displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
b. Press more X/6 until it is changed to more 4/6 and Ls-Rs is
displayed.
c. Press Ls-Rs to select the Ls -Rs measurement function.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
d. Move the CURSOR to the FREQ eld. The current measurement
frequency, 1.0000MHz, will be displayed in this eld.
e. Press 425, 455, 4.5, and 425. 25.2 will be displayed on the system
message line, and the softkey labels will change to the available
units ( kHz and MHz ). Press MHz . 25.2000MHz is displayed in
the FREQ eld.
f. Move the CURSOR to the LEVEL eld. The current test signal
level, 1.00V, will be displayed in this eld.
g. Press 415 and 405. 10 will be displayed on the system message
line, and the softkey labels will change to the available units
( mV , V , A , and mA ). Press mA . 10.0mA is displayed in the
LEVEL eld.
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
Basic Measurement Examples
3-5
Note
The measurement conditions can also be set from the MEAS SETUP
page displayed when 4MEAS SETUP5 is pressed. The setting operation on
the MEAS SETUP page is same as in the preceding steps (a) to (g).
h. Press 4MEAS SETUP5. The MEAS SETUP page is displayed.
i. Move the CURSOR to the ALC eld. The current status of the
ALC function, OFF, is displayed in this eld, and ON and OFF
are displayed.
j. Press ON to set the test signal current level to be constant.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
4. Connect the test xture to the 4285A.
The 16034E chip Test Fixture (for chip components) is used for this
measurement.
Connect the 16034E to the UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A, as
shown in Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-5. Connecting the 16034E
5. Perform OPEN/SHORT correction.
OPEN/SHORT correction is required to compensate the residual
impedance and stray admittance of the 16034E.
a. Leave the 16034E electrode contacts OPEN as shown in
Figure 3-6. When measuring OPEN correction data, the distance
between high and low contact electrodes should be same as
when the DUT is connected.
3-6
Basic Measurement Examples
Figure 3-6. 16034E Contacts in OPEN Condition
b. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 and CORRECTION . The CORRECTION page
will be displayed.
c. Move the CURSOR to the OPEN eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS OPEN will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
d. Press MEAS OPEN to perform the OPEN correction data
measurement. Wait approximately 50 seconds until the message
OPEN measurement completed. is displayed on the system
message line.
e. Press ON to set the OPEN correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
f. Connect the 16034E's two electrodes directly together to make
a SHORT as shown in Figure 3-7.
i. Loosen the Knob.
ii. Push the end of the high electrode.
iii. Tighten the knob as shown in Figure 3-7.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-7
Figure 3-7. Make the 16034E to SHORT Condition
g. Move the CURSOR to the SHORT eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS SHORT will be displayed.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
h. Press MEAS SHORT to perform the SHORT correction data
measurement. Wait approximately 50 seconds until the message
SHORT measurement completed. is displayed on the system
message line.
i. Press ON to set the SHORT correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
6. Connect the DUT to the test xture.
Place the DUT on the 16034E's measurement block, as shown in
Figure 3-8.
3-8
Basic Measurement Examples
Figure 3-8. Connecting DUT to the 16034E
7. Perform the measurement.
Press 4DISPLAY FORMAT5. The Internal trigger starts and continuously
repeats the measurement. The measured Ls and Rs values of the
ferrite-cored inductor are displayed in large characters as shown in
Figure 3-9.
<MEAS DISPLAY>
SYS MENU
FUNC : Ls-Rs
RANGE:
AUTO
FREQ :25.2000MHz BIAS :
0.000 V
LEVEL:* 10.0mA
INTEG:
LONG
L s :
4 5 5 . 6 8 7 n H
R s :
1 . 6 6 4 1 9
Vm : 957.5mV
CORR:OPEN,SHORT
Im :
10.01mA
CBL:0m
Figure 3-9.
Measurement Results of The Ferrite-Cored Inductor
Basic Measurement Examples
3-9
DC Voltage Biased
Measurement
Measurement
Conditions
Equipment Required
When the 4285A is equipped with Option 001 DC Bias, 640V (100
mA) DC bias can be applied to the DUT.
In this example, a 470 pF capacitor will be measured under the
following conditions.
DUT :
470 pF ceramic capacitor
(Agilent Part Number 0160-4808)
Cp - D
5 MHz
1 V (Constant)
5V
Function :
Frequency :
Test Signal Level :
DC Bias Level :
4285A with Option 001
16047C Test Fixture
Shorting bar (Agilent Part Number 5000-4226) or equivalent
Preparation Before
Measurement Checking the Option Installed
First of all, conrm that your 4285A is equipped with the Option 001.
To do this, press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG , and check
the DC BIAS (#001) monitor area. When INSTALLED is displayed in
this area, your 4285A is equipped with Option 001.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Operation Procedure
1. Turn the 4285A ON.
2. Set the 4285A to the normal LCR measurement mode which uses
the auto balancing bridge measuring method.
a. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG . SYSTEM CONFIG
page will now be displayed
b. Move the CURSOR to the CONFIG eld. I BIAS , Q ADAPTER ,
and OFF will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
c. Press OFF to perform the normal LCR measurement.
NNNNNNNNNNN
3. Setup the 4285A measurement conditions by modifying the elds
on the MEAS DISPLAY page.
Set FREQuency to 5 MHz and LEVEL to a constant 1 V. (The other
functions will be left at the default settings.)
a. Move the CURSOR to the FREQ eld. The current measurement
frequency, 1.0000MHz, will be displayed in this eld.
b. Press 455. 5 will be displayed on the system message line, and
the softkey lables are changed to the available units ( kHz and
MHz ). Press MHz . 5.0000MHz will be new displayed in the
FREQ eld.
c. Press 4MEAS SETUP5. The MEAS SETUP page will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
3-10
Basic Measurement Examples
NNNNNNNNNNN
d. Move the CURSOR to the ALC eld, and ON and OFF will be
displayed.
e. Press ON to set the test signal voltage level to be constant.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
4. Connect the test xture to the 4285A.
The 16047C test xture is used for this measurement.
Connect the 16047C to the UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A, as
shown in Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-10. Connecting the 16047C
5. Perform OPEN/SHORT correction.
OPEN/SHORT correction is required to compensate the 16047C's
residuals impedance and strays admittance.
a. Leave the 16047C in an OPEN condition as shown in
Figure 3-10.
b. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 and CORRECTION . The CORRECTION page
will now be displayed.
c. Move the CURSOR to the OPEN eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS OPEN will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
d. Press MEAS OPEN to perform the OPEN correction data
measurement. Wait until the message OPEN measurement
completed. will be displayed on the system message line. It
will take approximetory 45 seconds.
e. Press ON to set the OPEN correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
f. Connect a shorting bar to the 16047C to set up the SHORT
condition as shown in Figure 3-11.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-11
Figure 3-11. Connecting A Shorting Bar
g. Move the CURSOR to the SHORT eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS SHORT will be displayed.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
h. Press MEAS SHORT to perform the SHORT correction data
measurement. Wait until the message SHORT measurement
completed. will be displayed on the system message line.
i. Press ON to set the SHORT correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
6. Connect a DUT to the test xture.
Insert the DUT into the 16047C's measurement contacts deeply as
shown in Figure 3-12.
3-12
Basic Measurement Examples
Figure 3-12. Connecting DUT
7. Perform the measurement.
Press 4MEAS FORMAT5.
Internal trigger causes measurements to be performed continously,
and the capacitors measured Cp and D values are displayed as large
characters as shown in Figure 3-13.
<MEAS DISPLAY>
FUNC : Cp-D
FREQ : 5.0000MHz
LEVEL:* 1.00 V
RANGE:
BIAS :
INTEG:
SYS MENU
AUTO
5.000 V
MED
C p :
3 8 9 . 8 1 8 p F
D
. 0 5 2 3 0 7
:
Vm : 1.001 V
CORR:OPEN,SHORT
Im :
12.70mA
CBL:0m
Figure 3-13.
Voltage Biased (Option 001) Measurement Results
Basic Measurement Examples
3-13
Measurements
Using 1m/2m Test
Leads
Note
When you need to extend the measurement cable from the 4285A
UNKNOWN terminals, use the 16048A (1 m) or 16048D(2 m) Test
Leads.
It is not recommended to use the extension cable other than the
16048A and 16048D. Using other types or dierent length of cables
may increase the measurement error.
The measurement error due to an individual test leads is proportional
to the square of the test frequency. Accordingly, even small test leads
dierences can't be ignored at high frequencies, such as 30 MHz.
If you never performed the CABLE CORRECTION (the rst time
you extended the test leads) or in case of changing the test leads,
perform the cable correction described below to adopt the 4285A
to the individual 16048A/D test leads. Once this cable correction
is performed, the measured cable correction data is stored in
non-volatile memory and is not lost when the 4285A is turned OFF.
Equipment Required
Operation Procedure
3-14
Basic Measurement Examples
42100A or the following equivalents
100 Resister Box (Furnished to the 4285A)
(Agilent Part Number 04285-61001)
BNC female-female Adapter (Furnished to the 4285A)
(Agilent Part Number 1250-0080) 4 ea.
BNC Tee male-female-female Adapter
(Agilent Part Number 1250-0781) 2 ea.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
1. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and CABLE CORREC . The CABLE
CORRECTION page will be displayed.
2. Move the CURSOR to the CABLE CORRECTION MENU eld.
3. Press 415 or 425 and 4ENTER5 to select either 1 m or 2 m CABLE
CORRECTION menu. The following instruction screen and
softkeys are displayed.
Figure 3-14. Cable Correction Page
4. Connect the 42102A 100
Resistor of the 42100A to the 4285A
UNKNOWN terminals as shown in Figure 3-15. If you don't have
an 42100A, the furnished 100
Resistor Box (Agilent Part Number
04285-61001) can be used as a substitute.
Figure 3-15. 42102A 100
Resistor connection
5. Press REF. 0m . REF measurement. will be displayed on the
system message line. Wait until the 4285A beeps and displays the
REF measurement complete. An * will be displayed on the left
side of REF. 0m .
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
6. Connect 16048A/D Test Leads to the UNKNOWN terminals of the
4285A.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-15
7. Connect the 42090A OPEN Termination of the 42100A and the
16048A/D Test Leads with the furnished BNC female-female
adapters (Agilent Part Number 1250-0080) as shown in
Figure 3-16.
Figure 3-16. OPEN Termination Connection
If you don't have the 42090A OPEN Termination, congure as
shown in Figure 3-17 using the furnished BNC f-f adapters.
Figure 3-17. OPEN Termination (Alternative)
3-16
Basic Measurement Examples
8. Press OPEN . OPEN measurement in progress will be displayed on
the system message line. Wait until the 4285A beeps and displays
the OPEN measurement completed. An * will be displayed on the
left side of OPEN .
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
9. Connect the 42091A SHORT Termination of the 42100A and the
16048A/D test leads with the furnished BNC f-f adapters as shown
in Figure 3-18.
Figure 3-18. SHORT Termination Connection
If you don't have the 42091A SHORT Termination, congure
as shown in Figure 3-19 with a BNC T m-f-f adapters and the
furnished BNC f-f adapters.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-17
Figure 3-19. SHORT Termination (Alternative)
10. Press SHORT . SHORT measurement in progress will be displayed
on the system message line. Wait until the 4285A beeps and
displays the SHORT measurement completed. An * will be
displayed on the left side of SHORT .
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
11. Connect the 42102A 100 Resistor (or the furnished 100
Resistor
Box) and the 16048A/D test leads with the furnished BNC f-f
adapters as shown in Figure 3-20.
Figure 3-20. 100 Resistor Connection
3-18
Basic Measurement Examples
12. Press LOAD . LOAD measurement in progress will be displayed on
the system message line. Wait until the 4285A beeps and displays
the LOAD measurement completed. An * will be displayed on the
left side of LOAD .
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
13. Press SAVE . Saving cable correction data . . . will be
displayed in the system message line. Wait until the 4285A beeps
and displays the CABLE CORRECTION page.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Note
When dierent 16048A/D test leads are to be used, the cable
correction measurement procedure must be redone.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-19
DC Current Biased
Measurement
Measurement
Conditions
Equipment Required
Preparation Before
Measurement
When the 4285A is combined with the 42841A Bias Current Source
and the 42842C Bias Current Test Fixture, 10A (35V) DC bias can be
applied to the DUT.
In this example, a 330 nH inductor will be measured under the
following conditions.
DUT :
330 nH inductor
(Agilent Part Number 9100-2486)
Function :
Frequency :
Test Signal Level :
DC Bias Level :
Ls - Rs
25.2 MHz
1V
1A
4285A with Option 002
42841A Bias Current Source
42842C Bias Current Test Fixture
16048A Test Leads
First of all, performed the cable correction, if you have already
performed the cable correction procedure described in \Measurements
Using 1m/2m Test Leads", skip to \Checking the Option Installed".
Checking the Option Installed
First of all, conrm that your 4285A is equipped with Option 002. To
do this, press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG , and check the
ACCESSORY I/F (#002) monitor area. When INSTALLED is displayed in
this area, your 4285A is equipped with Option 002.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Conguring the High Current Biased Measurement System
When you use the 42841A Bias Current Source with the 42842C Bias
Current Test Fixture, connect the 42842C directly to the 42841A as
shown in Figure 3-21.
3-20
Basic Measurement Examples
Figure 3-21. 42842C Bias Current Test Fixture Connection
The connection procedure is as follows.
1. Put the guide rods of the 42842C into the guide holes on the front
of the 42841A.
2. Connect the input terminal of the 42842C to the output terminal of
the 42841A pressing the 42842C toward the 42841A.
3. Rotate retaining screws clockwise in front of the 42842C until it
rocks.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-21
Warning
The 42842C mounted on the 42841A must be placed on a desk
or bench. DO NOT stack the 42841A with the 42842C and the
4285A, DO NOT put any thing on the 42842C, and DO NOT lean
on it, as shown below. Doing this may cause the instrument to
tumble over.
Recommended Physical Setup
The 4285A, the 42841A, and the 42842C must be connected with
a bias current interface cable and 16048A test leads as shown in
Figure 3-22 using the following procedure.
1. Connect the UNKNOWN terminals of the 4285A and the
TO UNKNOWN terminals of the 42842C using the 16048A test
leads.
2. Connect the ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE connector of the
4285A and the BIAS CONTROL INPUT A connector of the 42841A
with the furnished interface cable.
3-22
Basic Measurement Examples
Figure 3-22. High Current Biased Measurement Setup
Operation Procedure
1. Turn the 4285A and 42841A ON.
2. Set the 4285A to the I BIAS mode to control the 42841A via the
Option 002 Accessory Control Interface.
a. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG . SYSTEM CONFIG
page is displayed
b. Move the CURSOR to the CONFIG eld. I BIAS , Q ADAPTER ,
and OFF are displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
c. Press I BIAS to perform a DC current biased LCR measurement
with the 42841A and the 42842C.
3. Setup the 4285A measurement conditions by modifying the elds
on the MEAS DISPLAY page.
Set the frequency to 25.2 MHz and the DC bias level to 1A. (Other
settings are left at the default settings.)
a. Move the CURSOR to the FREQ eld. The current measurement
frequency, 1.0000MHz, will be displayed in this eld.
b. Press 425, 455, 4.5, and 425. 25.2 is displayed on the system
message line, and the softkey labels change to the available
units kHz and MHz . Press MHz . 25.2000MHz will be displayed
on the FREQ eld.
c. Move the CURSOR to the BIAS eld. The current DC bias level,
0.00 mA will be displayed in this eld.
d. Press 415. 1 will be displayed on the system message line, and
the softkey lables change to the available units mV , V , A , mA ,
and A . Press A . 1 A will be displayed on the BIAS eld.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNN
Basic Measurement Examples
3-23
4. Perform OPEN/SHORT correction.
OPEN/SHORT correction is required to compensate for the
42842C's residual impedance and stray admittance.
a. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 and CORRECTION . The CORRECTION page
will be displayed.
b. Leave the 42842C OPEN as shown in Figure 3-23
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Figure 3-23. Open Condition of the 42842C
c. Move the CURSOR to the OPEN eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS OPEN are displayed.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
d. Press MEAS OPEN to perform the OPEN correction data
measurement. Wait approximetory 50 seconds until the message
OPEN measurement completed will be displayed on the system
message line.
e. Press ON to set the OPEN correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
f. Connect furnished shorting bar to the 42842C to set up the
SHORT condition as shown in Figure 3-24.
3-24
Basic Measurement Examples
Figure 3-24. Connecting the Furnished Shorting Bar
g. Move the CURSOR to the SHORT eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS SHORT are displayed.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
h. Press MEAS SHORT to perform the SHORT correction data
measurement. Wait approximetory 50 seconds until the message
SHORT measurement completed will be displayed on the system
message line.
i. Press ON to set the SHORT correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
5. Connect the DUT to the test xture.
Connect the DUT to the 42842C measurement terminals and close
the test xture protective cover.
6. Enable the DC bias output.
Press 4DC BIAS5 on the 4285A front panel to turn the DC bias ON.
The DC bias on/o LED indicators of the 4285A and the 42841A
will come ON simultaneously.
7. Perform the measurement.
Press 4DISP FORMAT5. Internal trigger starts and continuously
repeats measurement. The measured Ls and Rs values of the
inductor are displayed in large characters as shown in Figure 3-25.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-25
<MEAS DISPLAY>
SYS MENU
FUNC : Ls-Rs
RANGE:
AUTO
FREQ :25.2000MHz BIAS :
1.000 A
LEVEL:* 1.00 V
INTEG:
MED
L s :
2 9 6 . 4 6 6 n H
R s :
0 . 8 2 9 0 1
Vm : 809.8mV
CORR:OPEN,SHORT
Im :
15.73mA
CBL:1m
Figure 3-25. Ferrite-Cored Inductor Measurement Results
8. Disable DC bias output.
When the measurement is nished, turn the DC bias OFF by
pressing 4DC BIAS5 to prevent the DUT from overheating. The DC
bias on/o LED indicators of the 4285A and the 42841A will go o
simultaneously.
3-26
Basic Measurement Examples
Precision Q
Measurement
Measurement
Conditions
Equipment Required
This section describes an example of measuring a 10 H ferrite-cored
inductor. It will be measured under the following conditions.
DUT :
10 H ferrite-cored chip inductor
(Agilent Part Number 9140-1238)
Connection :
Function :
Frequency :
Oscillator Level :
DIRECT
Q-L
2.52 MHz
150 mV
4285A with Option 002
42851A with Option 001
10503A coaxial cable (2 ea.)
or equivalents (50
coaxial cable, BNC male connectors (2 ea.), 2
m)
For example, the 16048A/D test leads can also be used.
Preparation Before
Measurement Checking the Option Installed
First of all, conrm that your 4285A is equipped with Option 002.
To do this, press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG , and check
the ACCESSORY I/F (#002) monitor area. When the INSTALLED is
displayed in this area, your 4285A is equipped with the Option 002.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Congure the
Precision Q
measurement System
The 4285A and the 42851A Precision Q Adapter must be connected
with a interface cable and 16048A test leads as shown in Figure 3-26
using the following procedure.
1. Connect the Hcur and Hpot of the 4285A UNKNOWN terminals and
the TO UNKNOWN terminals of the 42851A using the 10503A BNC
coaxial cables.
2. Connect the ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE connector of the
4285A and the CONTROL INPUT connector of the 42851A with the
interface cable furnished to the 42851A.
Basic Measurement Examples
3-27
Figure 3-26. Precision Q Measurement Setup
Operation Procedure
1. Turn the 4285A and the 42851A ON.
2. To perform the Precision Q measurement, set the accessory control
interface to the Q ADAPTER mode.
a. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG . SYSTEM CONFIG
page will be displayed
b. Move the CURSOR to the CONFIG eld. I BIAS , Q ADAPTER ,
and OFF are displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
c. Press Q ADAPTER to perform a precision Q measurement using
the resonant measuring method.
3. Setup the 4285A measurement conditions by lling in the elds on
the MEAS DISPLAY page.
4. Set FREQ to 2.52 MHz. (Other functions are left as the default
settings.)
a. Move the CURSOR to the FREQ eld. The default measurement
frequency, 1.0000 MHz, will be displayed in this eld.
b. Press 425, 4.5, 455, and 425. 2.52 will be displayed on the system
message line, and the softkey labels change to the available
units kHz and MHz . Press MHz . 2.5200MHz will be displayed
on the FREQ eld.
5. Perform SHORT correction.
SHORT correction is required to compensate for the residuals of
the 42851A internal circuit and the BNC coaxial cables. Connect
the shorting bar furnished to the 42851A between HIGH and LOW
terminals of the 42851A as shown in Figure 3-27.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
3-28
Basic Measurement Examples
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
Figure 3-27. Connecting a Shorting Bar
a. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 and CORRECTION . The Q CORRECTION page
will be displayed.
b. Move the CURSOR to the SHORT eld. ON , OFF , and
MEAS SHORT are displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
c. Press MEAS SHORT to perform the SHORT correction data
measurement. SHORT measurement in progress will be
displayed in the system message line. Wait approximetory 20
seconds until the message SHORT measurement completed will
be displayed on the system message line.
d. Press ON to set the SHORT correction function to ON.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
6. Connect the SMD Test Fixture (42851A Option 001) to the HIGH
and LOW binding post measurement terminal of the 42851A as
shown in Figure 3-28.
Note
Residual impedance and stray capacitance of the SMD Test Fixture
can be reduced by using the OFFSET L,C,R function on the Q MEAS
SETUP page. For details of the oset values for the SMD Test
Fixture, refer to 42851A Operation Manual (Agilent Part Number
42851-90000).
Basic Measurement Examples
3-29
Figure 3-28. Connecting the SMD Test Fixture
7. Connect the DUT to the SMD Test Fixture as shown in Figure 3-29.
Figure 3-29. Connecting DUT to the SMD Test Fixture
8. Perform the measurement.
Press 4DISP FORMAT5 and 4TRIGGER5. The 42851A will make a small
buzzing sound during the automatic tuning operation, and Q and
L values of the chip inductor are displayed in large characters
as shown in Figure 3-30. If the 42851A doesn't stop the tuning
operation, try changing the measurement frequency, or check
to see if the DUT is properly connected to the HIGH and LOW
terminals, or check the cable connection.
3-30
Basic Measurement Examples
If the 4285A does not display the measurement data, check that
the TRIGger mode is set to MANual.
<Q MEAS DISPLAY>
FUNC: DIRECT
RANGE:
FREQ:
2.5200MHz BIAS :
TUNE: AUTO
AVG :
SYS MENU
Q-L
150 mV
1
Q
:
3 6 . 4 1
L
:
1 0 . 1 4 0 0 u H
TUNING C:
CORRECT :
392.9pF
SHORT
V:
114.9mV
Figure 3-30. Inductor Precise Q Measurement Results
Basic Measurement Examples
3-31
4
Instrument Feature Tutorial
This chapter gives tutorials on how to use the following the features
and options of the 4285A Precision LCR Meter.
Memory Function
Automatic Level Control Function
List Sweep
Printing
Memory Function
System Memory
The memory function of the 4285A consists of the following two
types.
System memory
Internal non-volatile memory/external memory card
This memory stores control settings which depend upon the individual
LCR meters. Such as:
Control settings on the CORRECTION page.
OPEN, SHORT, LOAD correction of ON/OFF state
OPEN, SHORT correction data for all test frequencies.
OPEN, SHORT, LOAD correction data from FREQ1 to FREQ7.
(OPEN and SHORT correction data at specied frequencies, and
LOAD correction reference data and actual data at spcied
frequencies.)
Control settings on the SYSTEM CONFIG page.
Beeper ON/OFF state
GPIB address
Talk Only ON/OFF state
Accessory I/F Conguration (I BIAS, Q ADAPTER, or OFF)
Handler I/F ON/OFF state
Scanner I/F ON/OFF state
This memory is non-volatile and is automatically updated when the
above settings are changed.
Instrument Feature Tutorial
4-1
Internal Non-Volatile
Memory/External
Memory Card
Note
The 4285A allows you to load/store the instrument control settings
from/to the internal non-volatile memory or an external memory
card (non-volatile). The 4285A stores the following control settings,
measurement mode, and display format.
Display page format when the record stored
Comment Line
(Same to the comment displayed in the CATALOG page)
Control settings on the MEAS SETUP page
Control settings on the LIMIT TABLE page
Control setting on the BIN COUNT DISPLAY page
Control settings on the LIST SWEEP SETUP page
BIAS5 ON/OFF condition on the front panel cannot be stored in a
non-volatile memory. If the instrument control settings are loaded
from the internal non-volatile memory or the external memory card,
the DC bias is automatically turned o for the operator's safety.
4DC
The setups above are stored into one record, an object in memory.
Up to 10 dierent records are available on the internal non-volatile
memory, and another 10 records are available on the memory card.
Records are identied by number. When a record is stored in the
internal non-volatile memory, the record number can be set from 0 to
9. When the record is stored in the external memory card, record
numbers from 10 to 19 can be set.
When the 4285A is turned on with the memory card inserted into
the MEMORY card slot, the 4285A's Auto Load function will load the
control settings stored in record number 10. If there are no control
settings stored in record number 10 or the stored conguration mode
(Normal LCR, I Bias, or Precision Q) is dierent from the current
conguration mode, the power-on default settings will be used.
Perform the following steps to store the control settings to memory.
1. Move the CURSOR to the SYS MENU eld.
2. If you want to store the data to the memory card, insert a memory
card in the MEMORY card slot until it locks into place.
3. Press STORE . The message Enter record number to STORE will be
displayed on the system message line.
4. Enter the record number using the numeric keypad and 4ENTER5 to
store the current control settings. The message Storing . . . will
be displayed on the system message line while writing.
Perform the following steps to load the control settings from memory.
1. Move the CURSOR to the SYS MENU eld.
2. If you want to load the data from the memory card, insert the
memory card into the MEMORY card slot.
3. Press LOAD . The message Enter record number to LOAD will be
displayed on the system message line.
4. Enter the record number you want to load using the numeric entry
keys and 4ENTER5.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
4-2
Instrument Feature Tutorial
Automatic Level
Control Function
ALC Theory of
Operation
Test signal level is a very important factor when evaluating the device
under test (dut). The 4285A can specify the test signal voltage or
current. However, the specied voltage value and current value
can be obtained when the oscillator output terminal (Hc terminal) is
opened or shorted. So the actual test signal level applied to the DUT
varies depending on the ratio of the oscillator output impedance and
the DUT's impedance.
To avoid this problem, the 4285A employs the Automatic Level
Control (alc) function. ALC function digitally controls the test
signal level applied across the DUT without the need for an external
computer.
The ALC operation is achieved using feedback control loop with the
level monitor function as shown in Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-1. Feedback Control Circuit
The feedback operation performs a level measurement/OSC level
adjustment 2 to 6 times per measurement. (The required time
depends on the device being tested. The more non-linear the device
is, the greater the time required.) When the ALC function can't
regulate the level within 6 output level measurement/adjustment
cycles (when a device has non-linear characteristics, the ALC function
may stop before the 6 th output level measurement/adjustment
cycle if the dierenc between the selected and actual values is too
great), the ALC function stops, and a warning message ALC unable
to regulate will be displayed, and sets the oscillator level equal to
setting value you select, open-loop, the output level will be the same
as when ALC is set to OFF.
Instrument Feature Tutorial
4-3
ALC Measurement
Time
ALC Voltage/Current
Setting Range
Note
Operation Procedure
of the ALC Function
The required time for the the ALC operation is calculated using the
following formula.
(meas. time (SHORT) + approx. 115 msec.) 2 n
Where,
n:
Actual measurement/adjustment cycle
(2 n 6)
When the ALC function is active, the test signal level setting range is
limited as follows.
Voltage Level: 10 mVrms to 1Vrms
Current Level: 100 Arms to 20 mArms
If the test signal level setting value exceeds the above limits while the
ALC function is active, the ALC function is automatically set to OFF
and the entered value is set as a normal test signal level.
On the other hand, if the ALC function has been already turned on
when the LEVEL setting is out of the ALC's available range, the
LEVEL setting is automatically changed to be within the ALC's
available range.
Perform the following steps to set the automatic level control function
ON or OFF.
1. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 to display the MEAS SETUP page.
2. Move the CURSOR to the ALC eld. The following softkeys will be
displayed.
NNNNNNNN
ON
NNNNNNNNNNN
OFF
3. Press ON to set the automatic level control function to ON. Press
OFF to set the automatic level control function OFF.
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
4-4
Instrument Feature Tutorial
List Sweep
Function
Structure of LIST
SWEEP function
Impedance characteristics evaluation by varying the test condition
is very common. To simplify the these evaluations and to increase
measurement eciency, the 4285A is equipped with a LIST SWEEP
function. The LIST SWEEP function allows you to measure up to 10
parameter points automatically without using an external controller.
The following parameters can be used for the LIST SWEEP function.
Test frequency
Test signal level (Voltage or Current)
DC bias level (Voltage1 or Current2)
1 : Option 001 DC bias is required
2 : Option 002 Accessory control interface, 42841A, and 42842C are
required.
The LIST SWEEP function can sweep parameters listed above and
the measurement results can be compared to specied limits. These
comparison results can be output to the handler interface.
The LIST SWEEP function consists of the following two pages.
LIST SWEEP DISPLAY page (under 4DISPLAY FORMAT5)
LIST SWEEP SETUP page (under 4MEAS SETUP5)
Figure 4-2. Structure of LIST SWEEP Function
LIST SWEEP DISPLAY page
This page is used to perform measurement and to display the
measurement and comparison results.
LIST SWEEP SETUP page
This page is used to set the following parameters.
Sweep mode (MODE) for SEQuencial or STEP
Instrument Feature Tutorial
4-5
Sweep parameter (FREQ[Hz], LEVEL[V], LEVEL[A], BIAS[V], or
BIAS[A])
Sweep parameter values
Limit parameter (LMT) for data A, data B, or none.
Limit Values (LOW, HIGH) for LOW and HIGH or either
Any other measurement condition is as the same to the settings on the
MEAS SETUP page.
LIST SWEEP
Measurement
Procedure
This example shows an measurement example under the following
measurement conditions.
FUNCTION :
Z{
SWEEP MODE :
sequential
SWEEP PARAMETER :
frequency [Hz]
SWEEP POINTS :
1 MHz, 2 MHz, 3 MHz, . . . , 9 MHz, 10
MHz
LIMIT PARAMETER :
o
Other Settings :
Default setting
1. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and SYSTEM CONFIG . SYSTEM CONFIG
page will now be displayed.
2. Move the CURSOR to the ACCESSORY CONTROL INTERFACE
eld. I BIAS , Q ADAPTER , and OFF will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
3. Press OFF to perform the normal LCR measurement.
NNNNNNNNNNN
4. Press 4MEAS SETUP5. MEAS SETUP page will be displayed.
5. Move the CURSOR to the FUNC eld.
6. Press more X/6 until it is changed to more 5/6 and Z- (deg)
is displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Note
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Any other measurement conditions set on the LIST SWEEP SETUP
page are set on the MEAS SETUP page and the CORRECTION page.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
7. Press Z- (deg) to select the Z- (degree) measurement
function.
8. Press 4MEAS SETUP5 and LIST SETUP to display the LIST SWEEP
SETUP page.
9. Move the CURSOR to the MODE eld. The following softkeys will
be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
SEQ
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
STEP
The 4285A is equipped with two types of sweep modes, sequential
mode ( SEQ ) and step mode ( STEP ). In the case of the sequential
mode, the 4285A measures all sweep points each time it is
triggered as shown in Figure 4-3.
NNNNNNNNNNN
4-6
Instrument Feature Tutorial
NNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Figure 4-3. List Sweep Modes
In the case of the step mode, the 4285A increments a sweep point
each time it is triggered as shown in Figure 4-3.
10. Move the CURSOR to the sweep parameter eld. The following
softkeys will be displayed.
FREQ [Hz]
LEVEL [V]
LEVEL [A]
BIAS [V]
BIAS [A]
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Press FREQ [Hz] to choose the frequency as the sweep
parameter.
11. Move the CURSOR to the sweep parameter eld.
12. Press 415 and the unit softkeys will be displayed automatically.
13. Press MHz . The CURSOR moves to the LMT eld, and following
softkeys will be displayed.
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
LIMIT DATA A
This key is used to set the high/low limit for the primary
parameter of the measurement function. When this softkey is
pressed, the CURSOR moves to the LOW eld.
LIMIT DATA B
This key is used to set the high/low limit for the secondary
parameter of the measurement function. When this softkey is
pressed, the CURSOR moves to the LOW eld.
OFF
This softkey is used to set the list sweep measurement's limit
function to OFF for a sweep point. When this softkey is
pressed, the CURSOR moves to the next sweep point eld.
Press the keys as follows.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
OFF
425,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
MHz , OFF
Instrument Feature Tutorial
4-7
435,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
445,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
455,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
465,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
475,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
485,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
495,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
MHz , OFF
MHz , OFF
MHz , OFF
MHz , OFF
MHz , OFF
MHz , OFF
MHz , OFF
415, 405,
NNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNN
MHz , OFF
Now, the LIST SWEEP setting is complete.
14. Press 4DISPLAY FORMAT5 and LIST SWEEP to display the
measurement results. Sweep points and measurement results will
be displayed in tabular format and updated continously.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
4-8
Instrument Feature Tutorial
Print Function
The 4285A can directly print out the data on an GPIB printer without
the need for an external computer. Before printing, the 4285A
must be set to the talk only mode. Press 4CATALOG/SYSTEM5 and
SYSTEM CONFIG to display SYSTEM CONFIG page.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
To set the 4285A to the talk-only mode, move the CURSOR to the
TALK ONLY eld, and press ON . When the TALK ONLY eld is set to
ON, talk (TLK) GPIB state indicator on the front panel is lit.
NNNNNNNN
Print Mode
The 4285A has the following two print modes.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DISP
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DATA
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DISP dumps the information to the printer currently displayed
on the LCD panel except for softkey labels.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DATA continuously outputs the measurement result, status,
and comparison result (if required) to the printer.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DISP , PRINT DATA capabilities are available in the following
pages.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Table 4-1. PRINT DISP and PRINT DATA Availability
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DISP
Page Name
p
1
MEAS DISPLAY
p
BIN No. DISPLAY1
p
BIN COUNT DISPLAY1
p
LIST SWEEP DISPLAY1
p
MEAS SETUP1
p
CORRECTION1
p
LIMIT TABLE SETUP1
p
LIST SWEEP SETUP1
p
CATALOG
p
SYSTEM CONFIG
CABLE CORRECTION
SELF TEST
p
Q MEAS DISPLAY2
p
Q BIN No. DISPLAY2
p
Q BIN COUNT DISPLAY2
p
Q LIST SWEEP DISPLAY2
p
Q MEAS SETUP2
p
Q CORRECTION2
p
Q LIMIT TABLE SETUP2
p
Q LIST SWEEP SETUP2
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
PRINT DATA
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
p
1 Normal LCR measurement mode or high current DC biased
measurement mode only.
2 Precision Q measurement mode only.
Instrument Feature Tutorial
4-9
Printer Requirements
Printer
Troubleshooting
Note
To correctly print the data, the printer must be capable of the
following.
GPIB Interface
Listen Always (only) state
For example, 2225 ThinkJet Printer (with GPIB interface) matches
these requirements.
If you encounter a printing problem, check the following.
1. Look for an error message on the LCD panel. (All error messages
are explained in Appendix B of the 4285A operation manual
(Agilent part number 04285-90000).
2. Make sure the printer is plugged in, turned on, connected to the
4285A, and loaded with paper.
3. Make sure the printer is set to the listen always state.
Some printers read the switch settings only when they are rst turned
on. Therefore if you change any of the switch settings, you must turn
the printer o for several seconds and back on before printing.
4. Make sure the 4285A is in the talk only mode. Check that the talk
(TLK) GPIB status indicator on the front panel is lit.
5. Replace the GPIB cable.
6. Substitute a dierent printer.
4-10
Instrument Feature Tutorial
5
What's Next?
Now that you have the instrument unpacked, inspected and
operating, and you will also be familiar with the 4285A's basic
operation. Your next step depends on your needs.
If you want to perform normal LCR measurement (auto balancing
bridge measuring method), refer to 4285A OPERATION MANUAL
(Agilent Part Number 04285-90010). This manual provides general
information, specications, front panel operation, GPIB programming
information, and in depth reference information.
If you want to perform precision Q measurement by the resonant
method with the 42851A, refer to 42851A OPERATION MANUAL
(Agilent Part Number 42851-90010). This manual provides general
information, specications, front panel operation, GPIB programming
information, and in depth reference information.
If you want to perform the high DC current biased measurement by
combining with the 42841A and 42842C, refer to 42841A OPERATION
MANUAL (Agilent Part Number 42841-90010) or 4285A OPERATION
MANUAL (Agilent Part Number 04285-90010). 42841A OPERATION
MANUAL provides general information, specications, operation
procedure combining the 4285A with the 42841A, and additional or
modied GPIB commands. The 4285A OPERATION MANUAL provides
the error and system messages.
What's Next?
5-1