APC RAID Subsystem SCSI-SATA II Specifications

Falcon 24 Bay
U320-SCSI-to-SATA RAID Subsystem
Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Revision 1.0
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................. 1-1
1.1. PRODUCT O VERVIEW ................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1
Product Introduction ........................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.2
Model Variations ................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.1.3
Enclosure Chassis ............................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.3.1
1.1.3.2
1.1.3.3
1.1.3.4
1.1.3.5
1.1.3.6
1.1.3.7
Chassis Overview ............................................................................................................................ 1-2
Physical Dimensions ....................................................................................................................... 1-4
Front Panel Overview...................................................................................................................... 1-4
Enclosure Numbering...................................................................................................................... 1-4
Rear Panel Overview....................................................................................................................... 1-5
Mid-plane and Drive-plane Boards ................................................................................................. 1-6
Subsystem Rack/Cabinet Installation .............................................................................................. 1-6
1.2. FALCON SUBSYSTEM C OMPONENTS .......................................................................................... 1-7
1.2.1
LCD Panel ........................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.2.2
Drive Trays.......................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.2.3
MUX Kits ............................................................................................................................. 1-8
1.2.4
RAID Controller Modules ................................................................................................... 1-8
1.2.5
Controller Module Interfaces .............................................................................................. 1-9
1.2.6
DIP Switch......................................................................................................................... 1-10
1.2.7
DIMM Modules ................................................................................................................. 1-10
1.2.8
BBU Module ...................................................................................................................... 1-10
1.2.9
Power Supply Units ........................................................................................................... 1-11
1.2.10 Dual Fan Cooling Modules ............................................................................................... 1-12
1.3. SUBSYSTEM MONITORING .......................................................................................................... 1-12
1.3.1
I2C bus .............................................................................................................................. 1-12
1.3.2
LED Indicators .................................................................................................................. 1-13
1.3.3
Firmware and RAIDWatch GUI .................................................................................... 1-13
1.3.4
Audible Alarms .................................................................................................................. 1-13
1.4. HOT-SWAPPABLE COMPONENTS................................................................................................. 1-13
1.4.1
Hot-swap Capabilities ....................................................................................................... 1-13
1.4.2
Components ....................................................................................................................... 1-14
1.4.3
Normalized Airflow ........................................................................................................... 1-14
CHAPTER 2: HARDWARE INSTALLATION..................................................................................... 2-1
2.1. INSTALLATION O VERVIEW ........................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2. INSTALLATION PRE-REQUISITES ................................................................................................... 2-1
2.3. STATIC -FREE INSTALLATIO N ........................................................................................................ 2-2
2.4. GENERAL INSTALLATION PROCEDURE ......................................................................................... 2-2
2.4.1
Installation Procedure Flowchart ....................................................................................... 2-3
2.5. UNPACKING THE S UBSYSTEM ....................................................................................................... 2-4
2.6. MEMORY MODULE INSTALLATION............................................................................................... 2-5
2.6.1
Memory Module Installation Overview ............................................................................... 2-5
2.6.2
Selecting the Memory Modules............................................................................................ 2-6
2.6.3
DIMM Module Installation.................................................................................................. 2-6
2.7. INSTALLING THE RAID CONTROLLER M ODULE........................................................................... 2-9
2.7.1
Controller Module Installation Overview ........................................................................... 2-9
2.7.2
Controller Module Installation Procedure .......................................................................... 2-9
2.8. HARD DRIVE INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................... 2-11
2.8.1
Hard Drive Installation Overview ..................................................................................... 2-11
2.8.2
Hard Drive Installation Prerequisites ............................................................................... 2-11
2.8.3
SATA Drive Installation .................................................................................................... 2-11
2.8.4
PATA Drive Installation .................................................................................................... 2-13
2.9. DRIVE TRAY INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................... 2-17
v
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
CHAPTER 3 SUBSYSTEM MONITORING ......................................................................................... 3-1
3.1. SUBSYSTEM MONITORING O VERVIEW ......................................................................................... 3-1
3.2. STATUS-INDICATING LEDS .......................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2.1
Brief Overview of the LEDs................................................................................................. 3-2
3.2.2
Controller Module LEDs ..................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2.3
FC Controller Module LEDs ............................................................................................... 3-4
3.2.4
LAN Port LEDs ................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.2.5
LCD Panel ........................................................................................................................... 3-5
3.2.6
Drive Tray LEDs ................................................................................................................. 3-6
3.2.7
PSU Module LED ................................................................................................................ 3-6
3.2.8
Cooling Module LED .......................................................................................................... 3-7
3.3. AUDIBLE ALARM ......................................................................................................................... 3-8
3.3.1
Default Threshold Values .................................................................................................... 3-8
3.3.2
Failed Devices ..................................................................................................................... 3-8
3.4. I2C MONITORING ......................................................................................................................... 3-9
CHAPTER 4 SUBSYSTEM CONNECTION AND OPERATION ...................................................... 4-1
4.1
FC HOST C ONNECTION PRE -REQUISITES ..................................................................................... 4-1
4.1.1
Cabling ................................................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1.2
FC Lasers ............................................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1.3
SFP Transceivers................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.1.4
Fibre Channel Topologies ................................................................................................... 4-2
4.1.5
Points of Failure.................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.1.6
DIP Switch Settings ............................................................................................................. 4-3
4.1.7
Sample Topology ................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.2
POWER O N ................................................................................................................................... 4-6
4.2.1
Check List ............................................................................................................................ 4-6
4.2.2
Power On Procedure ........................................................................................................... 4-6
4.2.3
Falcon Power On-Procedure............................................................................................. 4-7
4.2.4
Power On Status Check ....................................................................................................... 4-7
4.2.5
LCD Screen ......................................................................................................................... 4-8
4.3
POWER O FF PROCED URE .............................................................................................................. 4-9
CHAPTER 5 SUBSYSTEM MAINTENANCE AND UPGRADING................................................... 5-1
5.1. INTRODUCING SUBSYSTEM M AINTENANCE AND UPGRADING ...................................................... 5-1
5.1.1
Maintenance ........................................................................................................................ 5-1
5.1.2
Upgrading ........................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.3
General Notes on Component Replacement ........................................................................ 5-2
5.2. REPLACING C ONTROLLER MODULE C OMPONENTS ...................................................................... 5-3
5.2.1
Overview.............................................................................................................................. 5-3
5.2.2
Notes on Controller Module Maintenance .......................................................................... 5-3
5.2.3
Removing the Controller Module ........................................................................................ 5-3
5.2.4
Replacing the BBU .............................................................................................................. 5-6
5.2.5
DIMM Module Replacement ............................................................................................... 5-6
5.2.6
Replacing the Controller Module ........................................................................................ 5-7
5.3. REPLACING A F AILED PSU MODULE ........................................................................................... 5-8
5.3.1
Notes on PSU Module Maintenance.................................................................................... 5-8
5.3.2
Replacing the PSU Module.................................................................................................. 5-8
5.4. COOLING MODULE MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................ 5-10
5.4.1
Notes on Cooling Module Maintenance ............................................................................ 5-10
5.4.2
Replacing a Cooling Module ............................................................................................. 5-11
5.5. DRIVE TRAY MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................... 5-11
5.5.1
Notes on Hard Drive Maintenance.................................................................................... 5-11
5.5.2
Hard Drive Replacement ................................................................................................... 5-12
5.6. REPLACING A MUX KIT ............................................................................................................ 5-12
5.7. SUBSYSTEM UPGRA DE ............................................................................................................... 5-13
5.7.1
Notes on Upgrading .......................................................................................................... 5-14
5.7.2
Installing the Second Controller Module .......................................................................... 5-14
vi
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
APPENDIX A SUBSYSTEM FEATURES .............................................................................................A-1
A.1. FLEXIBLE CONFIGURATION OPTIONS .......................................................................................... A-1
A.1.1
Single and Redundant Models ............................................................................................. A-1
A.1.2
Rear Panel Variations ......................................................................................................... A-1
A.1.3
Fibre Channel Configuration .............................................................................................. A-1
A.2. REDUNDANT FEATURES .............................................................................................................. A-1
A.2.1
Dual-active Redundant Controllers..................................................................................... A-1
A.2.2
Redundant Data Paths......................................................................................................... A-2
A.3. FAULT TOLERANCE ..................................................................................................................... A-2
A.3.1
Intelligent Drive Handling................................................................................................... A-2
A.3.2
UPS Support ........................................................................................................................ A-2
A.3.3
Hot-swappable Active Components ..................................................................................... A-2
A.3.4
Global and Local Spares ..................................................................................................... A-3
A.3.5
Hot-swapping of Drives....................................................................................................... A-3
A.3.6
S.M.A.R.T. Support .............................................................................................................. A-3
A.3.7
Other Fault Tolerant Features ............................................................................................ A-3
A.4. SAN FEATURES .......................................................................................................................... A-4
A.4.1
Logical Unit Numbers ......................................................................................................... A-4
A.4.2
LUN Masking ...................................................................................................................... A-4
A.5. MECHANICAL FEATURES............................................................................................................. A-4
A.5.1
Modular Design................................................................................................................... A-4
A.5.2
Cableless Design ................................................................................................................. A-4
APPENDIX B UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY..................................................................... B-1
B.1. UNINTERRUPTIBLE P OWER SUPPLY O VERVIEW ...........................................................................B-1
B.2. COMPATIBLE UPS SUPPLIES ........................................................................................................B-1
B.3. SERIAL COMMUNICATION CABLES ...............................................................................................B-1
B.4. CONNECTING THE UPS TO THE SUBSYSTEM ................................................................................B-2
B.4.1
Connect the PSU Module Power Cords .............................................................................. B-2
B.4.2
Set the Baud Rate................................................................................................................. B-2
B.4.3
Connect COM2 .................................................................................................................... B-2
B.5. POWER O N ...................................................................................................................................B-3
B.6. UPS STATUS MONITORING ..........................................................................................................B-4
B.6.1
Normal Operational Status.................................................................................................. B-4
B.6.2
UPS Messages ..................................................................................................................... B-4
B.6.3
UPS Message Summary....................................................................................................... B-5
APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS..........................................................................................................C-1
C.1. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................C-1
C.2. CONTROLLER SPECIFICATIONS .....................................................................................................C-3
C.2.1
Configuration ......................................................................................................................C-3
C.2.2
Architecture .........................................................................................................................C-3
C.2.3
Environmental Specifications ..............................................................................................C-4
C.3. DRIVE TRAY SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................................................................C-4
C.4. POWER SUPPLY SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................C-4
C.5. RAID MANAGEMENT...................................................................................................................C-5
C.6. FAULT TOLERANCE MANAGEMENT..............................................................................................C-5
APPENDIX D PACKAGING...................................................................................................................D-1
D.1. OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................................. D-1
D.2. CONTAINER CONTENTS ............................................................................................................... D-2
D.2.1
Accessory Box..................................................................................................................... D-2
D.2.2
Hard Drive Tray Box .......................................................................................................... D-2
D.2.3
Controller Box .................................................................................................................... D-2
D.2.4
Enclosure Box..................................................................................................................... D-3
APPENDIX E SPARE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES .......................................................................... E-1
E.1.
E.2.
SPARE P ARTS ............................................................................................................................... E-1
ACCESSORIES ............................................................................................................................... E-2
vii
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
APPENDIX F PIN OUTS ......................................................................................................................... F-1
F.1.
F.2.
F.3.
F.4.
F.5.
viii
SFP CONNECTOR PIN O UTS ......................................................................................................... F-1
DB9 AUDIO J ACK PIN OUTS ........................................................................................................ F-3
ETHERNET PORT PIN O UTS........................................................................................................... F-3
MAIN POWER ............................................................................................................................... F-3
DRIVE E XPANSION P ORTS ............................................................................................................ F-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Safety Precautions
Precautions and Instructions
•
Prior to powering on the subsystem, ensure that the correct power range is being used.
•
The Falcon subsystem comes with twenty four (24) drive bays. Leaving any of these drive
bays empty will greatly affect the efficiency of the airflow within the enclosure, and will
consequently lead to the system overheating, which can cause irreparable damage.
•
If a module fails, leave it in place until you have a replacement unit and you are ready to
replace it.
•
Airflow Consideration: The subsystem requires an airflow clearance, especially at the front
and rear.
•
Handle subsystem modules using the retention screws, extraction levers, and the metal
frames/faceplates. Avoid touching PCB boards and connector pins.
•
To comply with safety, emission, or thermal requirements, none of the covers or replaceable
modules should be removed. Make sure that during operation, all enclosure modules and
covers are securely in place.
•
Be sure that the rack cabinet into which the subsystem chassis will be installed provides
sufficient ventilation channels and airflow circulation around the subsystem.
•
Provide a soft, clean surface to place your subsystem on before working on it. Servicing on a
rough surface may damage the exterior of the chassis.
•
If it is necessary to transport the subsystem, repackage all disk drives separately. If using the
original package material, other replaceable modules can stay within the enclosure.
•
Dual redundant controller models come with two controller modules that must be installed
into the subsystem. Single controller models come with a single controller module and a metal
sheet is placed over the lower controller bay at the rear of the subsystem. Since single
controller models cannot be upgraded, this metal sheet should NEVER be removed.
ESD Precautions
Observe all conventional anti-ESD methods while handling system modules. The use of a
grounded wrist strap and an anti-static work pad is recommended. Avoid dust and debris or other
static-accumulative materials in your work area.
ix
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
About This Manual
This manual:
•
Introduces the Falcon RAID Subsystem series.
•
Describes all the active components in the system.
•
Provides recommendations and details about the hardware installation process of the
subsystem.
•
Briefly describes how to monitor the subsystem.
•
Describes how to maintain the subsystem.
This manual does not:
•
Describe components that are not user-serviceable.
•
Describe the configuration options of firmware, management access through
terminal emulation programs, LCD keypad panel, or the RAIDWatch GUI that came
with your subsystem.
•
Give a detailed description of the RAID controllers embedded within the subsystem.
Revision History
•
Initial release
Who should read this manual?
This manual assumes that its readers are experienced with computer hardware installation
and are familiar with storage enclosures.
Related Documentation
•
Generic Operation Manual (firmware configuration accessed through terminal
software and LCD keypad panel)
•
RAIDWatch User’s Manual
These two documents can be found in the Product Utility CD included with your
subsystem package.
x
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Conventions
Naming
From this point on and throughout the rest of this manual, the Falcon series is referred
to as simply the “subsystem” or the “system.”
Important Messages
Important messages appear where mishandling of components is possible or when work
orders can be mis-conceived. These messages also provide important information
associated with other aspects of system operation. The word “important” is written as
“IMPORTANT,” both capitalized and bold, and is followed by text in italics. The
italicized text is the message to be delivered.
Warnings
Warnings appear where overlooked details may cause damage to the equipment or result
in personal injury. Warnings should be taken seriously. Warnings are easy to recognize.
The word “warning” is written as “WARNING,” both capitalized and bold and is
followed by text in italics. The italicized text is the warning message.
Cautions
Cautionary messages should also be heeded to help you reduce the chance of losing data
or damaging the system. Cautions are easy to recognize. The word “caution” is written
as “CAUTION,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by text in italics. The
italicized text is the cautionary message.
Notes
These messages inform the reader of essential but non-critical information. These
messages should be read carefully as any directions or instructions contained therein can
help you avoid making mistakes. Notes are easy to recognize. The word “note” is written
as “NOTE,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by text in italics. The italicized
text is the cautionary message.
Steps
Steps are used to describe sequential steps of a specific work procedure. Adherence to
the sequential steps can guarantee effectiveness and lower the chance of making
mistakes.
Lists
Bulleted Lists: Bulleted lists are statements of non-sequential facts. They can be read in
any order. Each statement is preceded by a round black dot “•.”
xi
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Numbered Lists: Numbered lists are used to describe sequential steps you should follow
in order.
Software and Firmware Updates
Please contact your system vendor or
visit RAID’s support site
www.raidinc.com/support.php for the latest software or firmware updates. NOTE that the
firmware version installed on your system should provide the complete functionality
listed in the specification sheet/user’s manual. We provide special revisions for
various application purposes. Therefore, DO NOT upgrade your firmware unless you
fully understand what a firmware revision will do.
Problems that occur during the updating process may cause unrecoverable errors and
system down time. Always consult technical personnel before proceeding with any
firmware upgrade.
xii
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1. Product Overview
1.1.1 Product Introduction
This hardware manual briefly introduces the Falcon 24-bay, SCSI (SCSI320)-to-Serial ATA (SATA) RAID subsystem as shown in Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-1: Falcon 24-bay SATA RAID Subsystem
The Falcon s ubsystem is managed by a single SCSI-to-SATA RAID controller . The
subsystem has two (2) 320MB per second (MBps) SCSI-320 host channels that are
interfaced through four (4) separate VHDCI ports (two per channel). The additional
VHDCIs facilitate connection to expansion enclosures or HBAs on the host bus. The
onboard SATA chips provide twenty-four (24) 3Gbps SATA drive channels each
dedicated to the connection of a SATA disk drive. The controller board comes with a
pre-installed 256MB DDR RAM DIMM module and can support memory modules with
the capacities up to 2GB.
The controller module is accessed through the rear of the subsystem. Four (4) VHDCI
SCSI ports on the controller module connect the enclosure to expansion enclosures or
application servers equipped with SCSI-320 HBA.
Two (2) RS-232C (audio jack) serial port connectors are located on the controller module
faceplate on the rear of the subsystem. One serial port (COM1) enables serial
communication between the controller and an external PC running a terminal emulation
software that can be used to configure and manage the RAID subsystem. The second
serial port (COM2) can be used as signal lines to an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
(See Appendix B) An RJ-45 Ethernet connector allows for telnet access and web-based
management of the subsystem using the included RAIDWatch Manager software.
Product Overview
1-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
I/O signals/commands transmitted between the RAID controller and the disk drives in the
front section of the subsystem pass through a non-user-serviceable backplane. The
backplane receives a maximum of twenty-four (24) hard drives that you purchase
separately and install into the hot-swappable drive trays. The drive trays, which fit into
drive bays, accommodate SATA II hard disk drives.
Two (2) redundant, hot-swappable, dual-fan cooling modules protect the RAID
subsystem from overheating and three (3) redundant, hot-swappable, 1U 405W power
supply unit (PSU) modules provide constant power to the RAID subsystem. The modular
nature of the subsystem and the easy accessibility to all major components ensures that
the Falcon 24 BAY can be easily and efficiently operated and maintained.
1.1.2 Enclosure Chassis
1.1.2.1 Chassis Overview
The Falcon 24 BAY subsystem enclosure is a 4U metal chassis. A back-end PCB is
enclosed in thick gauge sheet metal that divides the enclosure internally into front and
rear sections. (See Figure 1-2) The front section accommodates twenty-four (24) drive
trays (with their associated hard drives) and the rear section accommodates three (3) PSU
modules, two (2) dual-fan cooling modules, and a single RAID controller module. The
two (2) foldable handles on the front of the chassis enable you to easily insert/extract the
chassis into/from a rack cabinet. Pre-drilled holes in the sides of the 4U RAID subsystem
enclosure allow you to attach separately purchased slide rails so that you can install the
enclosure into a standard 19 inch rack cabinet.
1-2
Product Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1-2: Falcon 24-bay SATA RAID Subsystem Overview
CAUTION!
When working with the subsystem, it is important to use tools with extreme care. Do
not place tools or other items on top of the enclosure to help avoid damaging the
outward appearance of the chassis.
1.1.2.2 Physical Dimensions
The Falcon 24 BAY subsystem comes in a standard 4U chassis with the
following dimensions:
Product Overview
1-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
With forearm handles: 447W x 174.4H x 514D mm (17.6 x 6.87 x 20.2 inches)
Without forearm handles: 445W x 174.4H x 498D mm (17.5 x 6.87 x 19.6 inches)
1.1.2.3 Front Panel Overview
Figure 1-3: Falcon 24 BAY RAID Subsystem Front View
As shown in Figure 1-3, the front of the subsystems features a 4-column by 6-row layout
to accommodate twenty-four (24) drive trays that are designed to house standard 3.5 inch
SATA drives. The front side of the subsystem also has two (2) foldable forearm handles
(see Figure 1-3) on the sides. These front handles are conveniently placed and facilitate
installation and removal of the enclosure within a rack. The left-side front-handle comes
with a 16-character by 2-row LCD keypad panel with four (4) function buttons that can
be used to configure, troubleshoot, and check the status of the subsystem.
1-4
Product Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1.2.4 Drive Slot Numbering
The front section of the enclosure houses twenty-four (24) hard drives as shown in
Figure 1-4. When viewed from the front, the drive bays (slots) are numbered 1 to 24
from left to right, then from top to bottom.
Slot-1
Slot-2
Slot-3
Slot-4
Slot-5
Slot-6
Slot-7
Slot-8
Slot-9
Slot-10
Slot-11
Slot-12
Slot-13
Slot-14
Slot-15
Slot-16
Slot-17
Slot-18
Slot-19
Slot-20
Slot-21
Slot-22
Slot-23
Slot-24
Figure 1-4: Hard Drive Slot Numbering
1.1.2.5 Rear Panel Overview
Figure 1-5: Falcon 24 BAY RAID Subsystem Rear View
The rear panel of the 24 BAY subsystem is shown in Figure 1-5. The rear panel
provides access to all the components located in the rear half of the RAID subsystem
enclosure.
Three (3; N+1) redundant, hot-swappable 405W PSU modules connect the subsystem to
the main power source. Two (2) redundant, hot-swappable dual-fan cooling modules are
located above the PSU modules. One power switch on the chassis rear panel controls all
PSU modules. Each PSU module contains two cooling fans.
Product Overview
1-5
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
The RAID controller module comes with two (2) RS-232C (audio jack) serial ports, one
(1) RJ-45 Ethernet connector, and status-indicating LEDs located on its rear-facing
faceplate.
1.1.2.6 The Backplane Board
An integrated backplane board receives disk drives on the front end and connects the
RAID controller, cooling, and PSU modules on the rear end. The PCB board provides
logic level signals and low voltage power paths. It contains no active electronics and no
user-serviceable components.
1.1.2.7 Subsystem Rack/Cabinet Installation
The 24 BAY subsystem chassis has pre-drilled screw holes for slide rail
mounting. Separately purchased, independently installed RAID slide rails are available for
rack or cabinet installation. Available RAID slide rails are listed below:
IFT-9274CSlider36-0010
IFT-9274CSlider32-0010
The slide rails come with their own installation instructions.
1.2. Subsystem Components
1.2.1 LCD Keypad Panel
Figure 1-6: LCD Keypad Panel
The LCD keypad panel shown in Figure 1-6 consists of an LCD display with push
buttons and LEDs that indicate array status. The LCD panel provides full access to all
RAID configurations and monitoring options. After powering up the subsystem, the
1-6
Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
initial screen will show the subsystem model name. A different name may be assigned for
the system or specific logical drives. This will enable ease of identification in a topology
with numerous arrays.
1.2.2 Drive Trays
Part Number: IFT-9273CDTray
Figure 1-7: Drive Tray Front View
The subsystems come with twenty-four (24) drive trays designed to accommodate
separately purchased, standard 1-inch pitch, 3.5-inch disk drives. The drive bays are
accessed through the front of the enclosure. Two (2) LEDs on the tray bezel indicate the
disk drive’s operating status. A key-lock on each drive tray secures the hard drive in
place, while an easily accessible release button ensures fast and efficient drive swapping.
WARNING!
Be careful not to warp, twist, or contort the drive tray in any way (e.g., by dropping it
or resting heavy objects on it). The drive tray has been customized to fit into the drive
bays in the subsystem. If the drive bay superstructure is deformed or altered, the drive
trays may not fit into the drive bay.
Subsystem Components
1-7
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
1.2.3 RAID Controller Module
Part Number: IFT-84AU24GD24C
The RAID controller module contains a main circuit board and a daughter card providing
management interface connectors, a dedicated drive-plane management interface, and a
preinstalled 256MB DDR RAM DIMM. Use of a BBU module is optional. If BBU
protection is preferred, the BBU is installed in the module bay located at the top center of
the controller module. The BBU can be independently inserted or removed. Please note:
The controller module contains no user-serviceable components. Except when replacing
a faulty unit or installing/upgrading the cache memory inside, the controller module
should never be removed from the subsystem.
WARNING!
Although the RAID controller can be removed, the only time you should touch the
controller itself is to install or replace memory modules. Unnecessary tampering with
the RAID controller can damage the controller and make the system unusable.
Figure 1-8: RAID Controller Module Faceplate
The controller module faceplate is shown in Figure 1-8 and has four (4) VHDCI ports
(labeled CH0-Out, CH0-In, CH1-Out, and CH1-In); two (2) RS-232C (audio jack)
serial ports (labeled COM1 and COM2); one (1) RJ-45 Ethernet connector and four (4)
status-indicating LEDs (labeled from 1 to 4). The controller board is contained within a
metal canister and can only be seen after the controller module has been removed from
the subsystem enclosure. The controller canister has two (2) ejector levers that secure the
controller module to the subsystem chassis. These levers are, in turn, secured to the
enclosure chassis with two (2) retention screws.
1-8
Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.2.4 Controller Module Interfaces
All I/O and management interfaces that connect to external devices are located on the
controller module faceplate. The interfaces are listed below.
VHDCI ports: The subsystem’s two (2) host channels are interfaced through four
(4) VHDCI ports. Although an ordinary SCSI bus has no direction criteria, due to
the internal trace layout design, connection to the SCSI ports should be made as
follows:
IN ports: connects to SCSI initiators (including clustered servers)
OUT ports: connects to a cascaded enclosure
Another consideration is that you should disable SCSI bus termination if your SCSI
port is not the last device on a SCSI bus and the termination has been activated
through firmware configuration settings. Please refer to the associated discussion
in Chapter 4.
RS-232C (Audio Jack): All controller modules come with two (2) RS-232C (audio
jack) serial ports. The serial ports can be used for terminal emulation and
uninterruptible power supply (UPS) support.
Ethernet port: A single 10/100BaseT Ethernet port is used for remote management
through a TCP/IP network.
Drive: All models come with twenty-four (24) SATA drive channels that are
connected to the backplane through back-end connectors. (NOTE: Drive interfaces
are not accessed through the controller module faceplate.)
1.2.5 DIMM Module
Each controller module comes with a pre-installed 256MB DDR RAM DIMM module.
The controller module supports memory modules with sizes from 256MB to 2GB. The
DIMM module is mounted on the controller board within a metal chassis.
Subsystem Components
1-9
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
1.2.6 BBU Module
Part Number:
Module (Cell Pack):
IFT-9274CBT-C
The optional Li-ION BBU module, shown in Figure 1-9, can sustain 1GB of cached data
for up to 72 hours during a power failure. The use of a BBU is highly recommended in
order to ensure data integrity. If power outage occurs, the BBU supplies power to sustain
the unfinished writes in cache memory.
Figure 1-9: BBU Module, Controller Top Cover, and the Module Slot
The BBU consists of two major parts. One is the charger circuitry hidden within the
RAID controller. The other is an optional BBU module which contains several battery
cells. By default, the subsystem comes with a dummy cover on the BBU module slot. If
BBU protection is preferred, simply remove the dummy cover and install a BBU. The
BBU module is hot-swappable, meaning the BBU can be replaced while the subsystem is
running.
NOTE:
If a BBU module is added later, you need to find an appropriate time to reset the
subsystem in order for the new module to be recognized. It is therefore recommended
to install the BBU during the initial system setup and installation.
1-10
Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.2.7 Power Supply Units
Part Number: - IFT-9274CPSU
The 24 BAY subsystems is equipped with three (3), hot-swappable, 1U-profile, 405W
PSU modules (see Figure 1-10). The PSU modules are located on the rear panel
of the subsystem.
Figure 1-10: PSU Module
Each PSU module comes with a power socket for power cord plug-in and is turned on
and off using a power switch on the enclosure chassis. Each PSU also comes with two
(2) embedded cooling fans to provide sufficient airflow across its heat-generating
components. A single LED indicates the PSU status. A handle at the back of the PSU
makes it easier for you to install or remove the PSU from the subsystem while the system
is still online. This should only be done if the PSU has failed and needs to be replaced.
A retention screw on the right side of the PSU module secures the PSU to the enclosure.
If the PSU needs to be removed, the retention screw must be removed first. After
installing a new PSU module, make sure that the retention screw has been firmly secured.
The shipping package contains adjustable cable clamps that can be used to keep the
power cords attached to the PSU in case the system experiences shock or vibration.
PSU specifications are shown in Appendix A.
Subsystem Components
1-11
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Power Supply Safety Restrictions
No. of Failed PSUs
Responses and Preventive Actions
1.
2.
1
2
Warning events are issued.
Cached data is flushed to hard drives (also depend on
the Event Triggered configuration settings on the
firmware).
3.
If previously configured to the Write-back mode, the
caching mode is automatically switched to the
conservative Write-through mode.
1.
Warning events are issued.
2.
The subsystem is temporarily held in an idle state.
3.
The firmware forces the subsystem to stop serving
host I/O requests.
4.
Array administrators should manually turn the power
switch off and then on after the failed PSUs are
replaced.
5.
If the subsystem is powered on with only one PSU, the
firmware will start the initialization process but stays
idle after that until at least one other PSU is added.
1.2.8 Cooling Modules
Part Number: - IFT-9274CFanMod
The 24 BAY subsystems come with two (2) hot-swappable, redundant, dual-fan
cooling modules (shown in Figure 1-11) pre-installed in the subsystem. Two (2) 8cm
blowers are housed in each cooling module and provide ventilation airflow. These
modules generate a cooling airflow from the front to the rear of the subsystem, extracting
the heat generated by the SATA hard drives. The two (2) cooling fan modules are
installed directly above the PSUs. (See Figure 1-5).
1-12
Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1-11: Cooling Module
1.3. Subsystem Monitoring
The 24 BAY RAID subsystem comes with several monitoring methods to give you
constant updates on the status of the system and individual components. The following
monitoring features are included in the subsystem.
1.3.1 I2C bus
The following subsystem elements interface to the RAID controller over a non-userserviceable I2C bus:
Disk drives (drive failure output)
PSU modules
Cooling modules
Temperature sensors
1.3.2 LED Indicators
The following active components all come with LEDs that indicate the status of the
individual component:
RAID controller (4 LEDs)
LCD keypad panel (3 LEDs)
Cooling module (2 LEDs)
PSU module (1 LED)
Subsystem Monitoring
1-13
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Drive trays (2 LEDs)
BBU module (optional FRU; 1 LED)
1.3.3 Firmware and RAIDWatch® GUI
Firmware: The firmware (FW) is pre-installed software that is used to configure the
subsystem. The FW can be accessed through either the front panel LCD keypad or a
terminal emulation program that is installed on an external computer/application server
used as a management station.
RAIDWatch: RAIDWatch is a premier, web-based graphics user interface (GUI) that can
be installed on a remote computer and accessed via standard TCP/IP.
1.3.4 Audible Alarm
The 24 BAY subsystem comes with audible alarms that are triggered when certain
active components fail or when certain controller or subsystem thresholds are exceeded.
When you hear an audible alarm emitted from the subsystem, it is imperative that you
determine the cause and rectify the problem immediately.
WARNING!
Failing to respond when an audible alarm is heard can lead to permanent subsystem
damage. When an audible alarm is heard, rectify the problem as soon as possible.
1.4. Hot-swappable Components
1.4.1 Hot-swap Capabilities
The 24 BAY subsystem comes with hot-swappable components that can be
exchanged while the subsystem is still online without affecting the operational
integrity of the subsystem. These components should only be removed from the
subsystem when they are being replaced. At no other time should these components
be removed from the subsystem.
1.4.2 Components
The following components are all hot-swappable:
PSU modules
1-14
Chapter 1: Introduction
Cooling modules
Hard drives
BBU module (optional FRU)
1.4.3 Normalized Airflow
Proper subsystem cooling is referred to as “normalized” airflow. Normalized
ensures the sufficient cooling of the subsystem and is only attained when
components are properly installed. Therefore, a failed component should only
swapped when a replacement is available. If a failed component is removed
replaced, permanent damage to the subsystem can result.
Hot-swappable Components
airflow
all the
be hotbut not
1-15
Chapter 2
Hardware Installation
2.1. Installation Overview
This chapter gives detailed instructions on how to install the Falcon 24 BAY subsystem.
When installing the subsystem, it is necessary to install hard drives, drive trays, and
cables. Installation into a rack or cabinet should occur before the hard drives or drive
trays are installed into the subsystem. It is also advisable to confirm that all of the
components listed on the printed Unpacking Checklist that came with the subsystem were
indeed included.
CAUTION!
Please note that the installation instructions described in this manual should be
carefully followed in order to avoid damage to the subsystem.
2.2. Installation Pre-requisites
1. Static-free installation environment: The subsystem must be installed in a static-free
environment to minimize the possibility of electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage.
(See Section 2.3)
2. Component check: Before installing the subsystem, you should confirm that you
have received all of the required components by checking the package contents
against the printed Unpacking List.
3. Memory modules: If you wish to change the pre-installed memory modules, the
separately purchased modules must be installed. (See Section 2.6.2)
4. Hard drives: SATA hard drives must be purchased separately prior to installing the
subsystem. (See Section 2.7)
5. Cabling: Except for one (1) included external cable, the rest of the SCSI round
cables that connect the subsystem to the host and expansion enclosures must be
purchased separately. (See Section 4.2.1)
Installation Overview
2-1
2.3. Static-free Installation
Static electricity can damage the system’s electronic components. Most of the controllers
that are returned for repair are the result of improper installation and ESD damage. To
prevent ESD damage, follow these precautions before touching or handling any of the
components:
When installing the subsystem, you should wear an anti-static wrist band or touch a
grounded metal surface to discharge any static electricity from your body.
Avoid carpets, plastic, vinyl, and Styrofoam in the work area.
Handle all components by holding their edges or metal frame. Avoid touching PCB
boards or connector pins.
2.4. General Installation Procedure
Detailed, illustrated instructions for each step are given in the following sections.
CAUTION!
To ensure that the system is correctly installed, please follow the steps outlined below.
If these steps are followed, the installation will be fast and efficient. If these steps are
not followed, the hardware may accidentally be installed incorrectly.
2-2
Step 1.
Unpack the subsystem. Make sure that all the required subsystem
components have indeed arrived.
Step 2.
Change the DIMM module. Although a DIMM module has been
preinstalled on the controller board, if you wish to use a different
DIMM module with a larger memory capacity, then the DIMM
module exchange should be made first. (See Section 2.6.2)
Step 3.
Rack/Cabinet installation. The subsystem should be installed into a
rack cabinetry prior to installing the hard drives. Installation into a
rack cabinet requires separately purchased mounting rails. RAID also
offers rail kits for 32 or 36 inch deep racks. Installing the 24 BAY
into a rack or cabinet requires at least two or three people.
Step 4.
Install the hard drives into the drive trays. Separately purchased
SATA-II or SATA-I hard drives must be individually installed into the
drive trays. (See Section 2.7)
Static-free Installation
Step 5.
Install the drive trays into the enclosure. Note that the drive trays
used in single- or redundant-controller subsystems are different. (See
Section 0)
Step 6.
Connect the cables. Use the supplied power cords to connect the
subsystem to main power. It is recommended to connect power cords
to separate and independent power sources for higher redundancy.
Make sure your subsystem is electrically grounded.
It is also recommended to use the included cable clamps to prevent
accidental disconnection of the power cords.
Use separately
purchased SCSI cables to connect the host ports to the host computers
or expansion enclosures. (See Chapter 4)
Step 7.
BBU installation. Install the optional BBU module if it is included in
your order.
Step 8.
Power up. Once all of the components have been properly installed
and all the cables properly connected, the subsystem can be powered
up and the RAID array configured. (See Chapter 4)
2.4.1 Installation Procedure Flowchart
Figure 2-1 shows a flowchart of the installation procedure. As you complete each step,
check off the “Done” box on the right. Please use this flowchart in conjunction with the
instructions that follow.
General Installation Procedure
2-3
Figure 2-1: Installation Procedure Flowchart
2.5. Unpacking the Subsystem
The subsystem components are packed in several boxes.
WARNING!
For a detailed packing list, refer to the included Unpacking List. Do not rely on the
non-definitive, summarized checklist shown below--it is for reference only.
The following items should be packed in individual boxes and are not pre-installed:
Twenty four (24) drive trays
Accessory items
Optional BBU module
NOTE:
If purchased, the optional BBU module may not be included in the subsystem s
shipping package. It is usually shipped in a separate box.
The enclosure chassis, with its pre-installed components, is located at the bottom of the
package. The pre-installed components include:
Single controller module
Three (3) PSU modules
2-4
Unpacking the Subsystem
Two (2) cooling modules
Two (2) front handles
One (1) LCD keypad panel on the left side foldable handle
Back-end PCBs
2.6. Memory Module Installation
2.6.1 Memory Module Installation Overview
The subsystem comes with a pre-installed 256MB DDR RAM DIMM module on each
controller. The controller supports memory modules with sizes up to 2GB. If memory
modules with a different size need to be used, the pre-installed DIMM module can be
removed and the new ones installed. Replacement and installation instructions are
described fully below.
NOTE:
A DIMM of a different size can be ordered from your subsystem supplier. Using noncertified modules can cause unexpected results.
Considerations:
1. The DIMM module is located on the side of the main controller board. Prior to
changing the DIMM module, the controller canister must first be removed from the
enclosure chassis.
2. With a new subsystem, there may not be cached data in the DIMM module. If the
subsystem has been operating and there is cached data, the BBU will discharge to
support the cache contents. It is therefore recommended to make sure there is no
BBU module installed before replacing the DIMM module. The BBU module is
located right above the controller’s rear-facing faceplate and can be removed simply
by loosening its retention spring screw.
If you are replacing the memory modules, please refer to the installation procedure
below. If the memory modules do not need to be changed, proceed to Section 2.7.
Memory Module Installation
2-5
WARNING!
•
The controller board in the controller module is a sensitive item. Please ensure
that all anti-static precautions stipulated above are strictly adhered to. Only
qualified engineers should replace the DIMM module.
•
Removing the DIMM module while it contains cached data and when the BBU is
still attached to the controller can damage the DIMM module. When the
controller is removed from chassis, the BBU will start to discharge supplying
power to memory. Removing the DIMM module while it is being powered by the
BBU will damage the DIMM module.
Therefore, install a BBU module after you replace a DIMM module if you prefer
using a different DIMM module.
2.6.2 Selecting the Memory Modules
If the memory module on the 24 BAY controller is going to be replaced, the
following factors must be considered when purchasing replacement DIMM modules:
Pre-installed DDR DIMM: The subsystem comes with a 256MB DDR RAM DIMM
module pre-installed on the controller board. If you wish to change the size of the
DIMM module, then a new, separately purchased DIMM must be installed.
DDR DIMM modules supported: The subsystem supports DDR RAM DIMM
modules with memory capacities from 256MB to 2GB.
Installation considerations: When installing the DIMM module, it is necessary to
handle the controller module. The controller board is more susceptible to damage
than the other components and must therefore be handled with extreme care. ALL
anti-static precautions specified in Section 2.3 must be strictly adhered to.
Secure installation: When replacing the DIMM module, make sure that the new
DIMM module is firmly in place prior to installing the controller module. If the
DIMM module is not firmly in place, the subsystem will not run and the controller
will need to be removed and the DIMM module correctly installed.
Purchasing considerations: When purchasing a DDR DIMM to install on the
controller board, contact your system vendor for an adequate module.
2-6
Memory Module Installation
2.6.3 DIMM Module Installation/Replacement
WARNING!
1.
Consult the technical support department of your reseller or distributor if you
are not sure which memory module can be installed into the controller.
2.
The installed BBU and controller module must be removed prior to installing
a new memory modules. Do this with care. Sensitive components can be
damaged during the process.
3.
The BBU module is hot-swappable and can be independently swapped from
the controller. However, as a safety precaution and just in case your memory
still holds cached data, it is recommended to remove the BBU module before
handling the DDR RAM module. If the BBU is supplying power to the
memory when the DDR module is being removed, damage will occur.
Step 1.
Prepare an anti-static work pad for placing a removed controller. Use
of an ESD grounding strap is highly recommended.
Step 2.
Remove the pre-installed BBU module. Use a Phillips screwdriver to
loosen the retention screw that secures the BBU module to the
enclosure chassis and carefully remove the module. Carefully place
the module for it contains Li-ION batteries. Do not drop it to the floor
or place it near any heat source or fire.
Step 3.
Remove the controller module. Remove the retention screws
securing the controller’s ejection levers using a Phillips screwdriver.
Using both hands, simultaneously press the ejection levers downward
until the controller is removed from enclosure chassis.
Memory Module Installation
2-7
Figure 2-2: Removing the Dummy Cover
Figure 2-3: Removing the Controller Module
Step 4.
Remove the DDR DIMM module. You can access the DIMM module
from the opening on the right side of the controller canister.
To remove the DIMM module, press the white, plastic ejectors (clips)
of the sides of the DIMM socket. Grasp the DIMM module by its
edges and pull it out of the socket without touching the electrical
components nearby. Place the module in an anti-static bag.
2-8
Memory Module Installation
Figure 2-4: Accessing a DIMM Module
Step 5.
Install the replacement DIMM module. Carefully remove the
replacement module from its anti-static bag. Grasp the module by
edges. Make sure the white, plastic ejectors on the sides of DIMM
socket are open. Carefully align the DIMM module to the socket.
Pressing firmly on both ends, push the module into the socket until the
ejectors return to the closed position.
Step 5.
Install the controller and the BBU module (if installed). Proceed
with the following to install the controller:
1. Insert the controller into the respective module slot with the
ejector levers at the lowest position.
2. Push the controller in until you feel contact resistance with its
back-end connectors.
3. Use the ejector levers on the sides to secure the controller into the
chassis slot. Make sure the squared notch of the ejector levers
locks onto the metal groove on the interior sides of the module
slot. Once in place, pull the ejector levers in an upward motion to
secure the controller.
4. Insert and fasten the retention screws underneath each ejector
lever to secure the modules. After the controller is properly
installed, install the BBU module and secure it with the spring
screw.
Memory Module Installation
2-9
Figure 2-5: Installing a BBU Module
2.7. Hard Drive Installation
2.7.1 Hard Drive Installation Overview
WARNING!
2.7.2
1.
Handle hard drives with extreme care. Hard drives are very delicate. Dropping a
drive onto a hard surface (even from a short distance) and hitting or touching the
circuits on the drives with your tools may all cause damage to drives.
2.
Observe all ESD prevention methods when handling hard drives.
3.
Only use screws supplied with the drive canisters. Longer screws may damage the
disk drives.
Hard Drive Installation Pre-requisites
CAUTION!
The hard drives and drive trays should only be installed into the subsystem after the
subsystem has been mounted into a rack cabinet. If the hard drives are installed first,
the subsystem will be too heavy to lift into position and the possible impact during
installation may damage your drives.
Hard drives for the subsystem must be purchased separately. When purchasing the hard
drives, the following factors should be considered:
2-10
Hard Drive Installation
• Capacity (MB/GB): Use drives with the same capacity. RAID arrays use a “leastcommon-denominator” approach meaning the maximum
capacity of each drive in the array is the maximum capacity
of the smallest drive.
2.7.3
• Profile:
The drive trays and bays of the system are designed for 3.5inch wide x 1-inch high hard drives.
• Drive type:
The 24 BAY subsystem can use either SATA-II or SATA-I
interface hard drives.
Drive Installation
Step 1.
Place the SATA hard drive into the drive tray. (See Figure 2-6) Make
sure the hard drive is oriented in such a way that the drive’s SATA
connector is facing the back of the drive tray.
Figure 2-6: Installing a SATA Hard Drive
Step 2.
Adjust the drive s location until the mounting holes in the drive canister
are aligned with those on the hard drive. Secure the drive with four (4)
supplied 6/32 flathead screws. (See Figure 2-6)
WARNING!
Only use screws supplied with the drive canisters. Longer screws may damage the
hard drives.
2.8. Drive Tray Installation
Before drive tray installation, you need to access the drive bays on the
left- and right-side columns:
Drive Tray Installation
2-11
To access drive bays on the left- or right-side column, first flip the retention latches (see
Error! Reference source not found.) on the enclosure front handles, and then swing the
handles to the left and right-hand sides. To close the handles, see Figure 2-7, first swing
the handles towards the center to reveal the retention latch, flip the latch, and then
proceed with closing the handles.
Figure 2-7: Closing the front handles
Install the drive trays into the subsystem once the hard drives have been installed in the
drive trays.
Step 1.
Make sure the key-lock is in the unlocked position, i.e., the groove
on its face is in a horizontal orientation. If the groove is in a vertical
position, as shown in Figure 2-8, then the key-lock is locked and the
front flap on the drive tray cannot be opened.
Clip
Figure 2-8: Front View of an Individual Drive Tray
Step 2.
2-12
Open the front flap on the drive tray (See Figure 2-9) by pushing the
release button (shown in Figure 2-8) on the front of the drive tray.
The button is easy to access and lift.
Drive Tray Installation
Figure 2-9: Drive Tray Front Flap
Step 3.
Line the drive tray up with the slot in which you wish to insert it.
Make sure that it is resting on the rails inside the enclosure. Once the
drive tray is lined up with the slot, gently slide it in. This should be
done smoothly and gently.
Step 4.
Close the front flap on the drive tray. Make sure the front flap is
closed properly to ensure that the connector at the back of the drive
tray is firmly connected to the corresponding connector on the
backplane. If the front flap is not closed properly, the connection
between the hard drive and the subsystem will not be secure.
Figure 2-10: Installing a Drive Tray
Step 5.
Drive Tray Installation
Lock the flap into place. Use a flathead screwdriver to turn the keylock until the groove on its face is in a vertical orientation. (See
Figure 2-11)
2-13
Figure 2-11: Drive Tray Key-lock Rotation
WARNING!
All the drive trays must be installed into the enclosure even if they do not contain a
hard drive. If the drive trays are not installed, then the ventilation required for
cooling will not be normalized and the subsystem will be irreparably damaged.
2.9. Optional BBU Installation
If your order includes an optional BBU, it should be installed before you power on your
subsystem. Due to safety concerns, the BBU module (containing several battery cells) is
shipped in a separate package. The BBU can be added online; however, you need to reset
the subsystem for the new module to function. It is best to install a BBU during the
initial setup. To install a BBU module, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
2-14
Remove the BBU dummy cover from the subsystem by loosening its
spring screw, and then gently retrieve the cover from chassis. A
Phillips screwdriver is required.
Optional BBU Installation
Figure 2-12: Removing the BBU Module
Step 2.
Once the dummy cover has been removed from the controller module,
unpack the BBU module package. Carefully align and insert the BBU
into the module slot and fasten the spring screw to secure the BBU.
Once properly installed and after the subsystem is powered on, the
status LED on BBU should start blinking, indicating it is charging the
batteries inside.
Figure 2-13: Installing a BBU Module
2.10. Power Cord Cable Clamp Installation
Several cable clamp assemblies are included in the accessories boxes in the 24 BAY
shipping package. When installing the subsystem, it is recommended to secure all power
Power Cord Cable Clamp Installation
2-15
cords using these cable clamps to help prevent accidental disconnection of power cords
that could result in costly down time.
2.10.1
Component Description
Each cable clamp consists of the following:
1. A cable strap with a “push barb” anchor mount
2. An adjustable cable clamp
The cable strap is secured to the chassis by inserting the barb anchor into the pre-drilled
hole located under each power supply module. The cable clamp is then secured to the
cable strap and is wrapped around the power cord to hold the subsystem’s power plug in
place to ensure that the power cord connection can withstand shock, vibration and
accidental impact.
Figure 2-14: Cable Clamp and Cable Strap (Cable Mount)
2.10.2
Cable Clamp Installation
Step 1.
2-16
Connect a power cord to a subsystem power socket so that you can
determine the correct position of the cable clamp along the cable strap.
The diagram below shows the relative positions of a power cord, cable
clamp, and cable strap.
Power Cord Cable Clamp Installation
Figure 2-15: Power Cord, Cable Clamp and Cable Strap Positions
Step 2.
Connect the cable clamp to the cable strap. Insert the flat angled end
of the cable strap through the small opening (the tie head) underneath
the cable clamp with the smooth side of the strap facing up and the
ribbed side facing down and the release tab at the end. Press down the
release tab to adjust the position of the cable clamp along the strap.
See the diagram below.
Figure 2-16: Inserting Cable Strap into Cable Clamp
Step 3.
Mount the cable strap to the chassis by inserting the push-in barb
anchor into the pre-drilled hole underneath the power supply.
Power Cord Cable Clamp Installation
2-17
Step 4.
Secure the power cord with the cable clamp. Flip open the cable
clamp and wrap it around the power plug. If necessary, use the
release tab to adjust the location of the clamp so it aligns with the base
of the power cord as shown below. Press the clip lock on the side of
the clamp until it snaps into position. Now the power cord connection
is secured.
Figure 2-17: Power Cord Locked into Position
Step 5.
2-18
Repeat the process to secure every power cords to the subsystem.
Power Cord Cable Clamp Installation
Chapter 3 Subsystem Monitoring
Chapter 3
Subsystem Monitoring
3.1. Subsystem Monitoring Overview
The Falcon subsystem is equipped with a variety of self-monitoring features that
keep you informed of the subsystem’s operational status. These monitoring features
provide vital feedback to help you maintain the operational integrity of the
subsystem. Prompt response to warnings and component failure notifications will ensure
data integrity and help ensure the longevity of the RAID subsystem.
Self-monitoring features include:
Management firmware (FW): The firmware manages the array and provides
device status information and is preinstalled in the subsystem controller. Device
status information can be obtained from the FW. You can access the FW using
either the LCD keypad panel or a PC running a terminal emulation program
connected to a PC running terminal software through the system’s COM 1 RS232C (audio jack) serial port. The firmware is fully described in the Generic
Operation Manual that came with the subsystem. Please refer to this manual for
further details.
RAIDWatch: RAIDWatch is a Java-based Graphical User Interface (GUI) that
came with the subsystem and can be used to monitor the subsystem locally or
remotely over TCP/IP. You can use the powerful Configuration Client or
Notification Process Center (NPC) sub-modules to keep you informed over a
variety of communications methods such as fax, pager, e-mail, etc. The installation
and operation of RAIDWatch is fully described in the RAIDWatch User s Manual.
Please refer to this manual for further details.
LEDs: Device status indicating LEDs are placed on all of the active components.
These LEDs inform users of the integrity of a given component. You should
become familiar with the different LEDs and be aware of their functions.
Audible alarm: An audible alarm is present on the subsystem controller board and
will be triggered if any of a number of threatening events occurs. These events
usually jeopardize the functional and operational integrity of the controller board
and must be heeded at all times. Events such as a breach of the temperature
threshold will trigger the alarm and if an onsite subsystem manager is present, the
3-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
manager should use either the LCD keypad panel or a terminal software running on
a PC to determine the cause of the alarm and take the appropriate corrective
measures.
I2C: The I2C bus monitors the operational integrity of the cooling fan, temperature
sensors, and PSU modules (present/not present, ready/failed, etc.).
Subsystem monitoring is a necessary part of subsystem management. When failure events
or other disruptive events are detected and reported, the subsystem manager must take
appropriate actions to rectify the problem. Failure to act in a properly specified manner to
a system event (such as overheating) can cause severe and permanent subsystem damage.
3.2. Status-indicating LEDs
3.2.1 Brief Overview of the LEDs
All FRUs (Field Replaceable Units) have status-indicating LEDs that show the
operational status and integrity of the subsystem components. The list in Table 3-1 shows
the number of LEDs assigned to each component.
Component
No. of LEDs/Component
Total LEDs
Controller Modules
4
4 (1 controller)
PSU Module
1
3 (3 PSU modules)
Cooling Module
2
4 (2 cooling modules)
LCD Panel
3
3 (1 LCD panel)
Drive Trays
2
48 (24 drive trays)
RJ-45 Ethernet Connector
2
2 (1 connector)
BBU Module (optional)
1
1 (1 per module)
Table 3-1: LED Distribution
3-2
Status-indicating LEDs
Chapter 3 Subsystem Monitoring
3.2.2 Controller Module LEDs
The controller module faceplate is shown in Figure 3-1 below. The LEDs are numbered
from 1 to 4. The LED definitions are shown in Table 3-2 below.
Figure 3-1: Falcon Controller Faceplate
LED
Name
Color
Status
1
Ready
Green
ON indicates that the controller has successfully booted, is active,
and is operating properly.
OFF indicates that the controller is not ready for operation.
2
Host Busy
Green
ON indicates that the host ports are carrying data traffic, i.e., the
SCSI host ports are busy.
OFF indicates that there are no activities on the host ports, i.e., no
data being transmitted over the host buses.
3
Drive Busy
Green
ON indicates active I/Os on the drive side.
OFF indicates that there are no activities on the drive side.
5
Cache Dirty
Amber
ON indicates that data is currently cached in memory or is being
held up by the BBU during a system power loss.
Table 3-2: Controller Module LED Definitions
Status-indicating LEDs
3-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
3.2.3 LAN Port LEDs
The LAN port comes with two (2) LEDs. As shown in Figure 3-2, one LED indicates the
online status and the other indicates LAN activity. The LED definitions are shown in
Table 3-3.
Figure 3-2: LAN Port LEDs
LED Name
Color
Status
Online Status
Green
ON indicates currently connected to LAN.
LAN Activity
Green
BLINKING indicates active transmission.
Table 3-3: LAN Connector LED Definitions
3.2.4 LCD Keypad Panel
The LCD keypad panel comes with three (3) status-indicating LEDs. The LEDs on the
front panel are marked, from top to bottom, PWR, BUSY, and ATTEN, as shown in
Figure 3-3 below. The definitions of these LEDs are shown in Table 3-5.
Figure 3-3: LCD Panel LEDs
3-4
Status-indicating LEDs
Chapter 3 Subsystem Monitoring
LED Name
Color
Status
PWR
Blue
ON indicates that power is being supplied to the subsystem.
OFF indicates that no power is being supplied to the
subsystem or the subsystem/RAID controller has failed.
BUSY
White
ON indicates that there is active traffic on the host/drive
channels.
OFF indicates that there are no activities on the host/drive
channels.
ATTEN
Red
ON indicates that a component failure/status event has
occurred.
OFF indicates that the subsystem and all its components are
operating correctly.
Table 3-4: LCD Panel LED Definitions
NOTE:
During the power up process, the LCD panel ATTEN LED will be turned on. If the
subsystem boots up correctly, then the ATTEN LED will be turned off after the boot up
procedure is complete.
Status-indicating LEDs
3-5
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
3.2.5 Drive Tray LEDs
The drive trays come with two (2) status-indicating LEDs, one that indicates power and
the other that indicates hard drive activities. The LEDs are shown in Figure 3-4 and their
definitions in Table 3-5.
Figure 3-4: Drive Tray LEDs
LED Name
Color
Status
Drive Busy
Blue
BLUE indicates that power is being supplied to the drive.
OFF indicates there is no read/write activity on the drive.
Power Status
Green/Red
GREEN indicates that power is being supplied to the drive.
RED indicates that faulty conditions might have occurred
to the disk drive.
Table 3-5: Drive Tray LED Definitions
3.2.6 BBU Module (Optional) LED
The hot-swappable BBU module comes with a status LED. The LED indicates the status
of the current battery charge, module failure, or when battery cells are being replenished.
Figure 3-5: BBU Module LED
3-6
Status-indicating LEDs
Chapter 3 Subsystem Monitoring
LED Name
Color
Status
BBU Status
Amber
ON indicates the BBU has failed and cannot sustain the
cache memory.
OFF indicates the BBU is sufficiently charged and can
sustain cached data.
FLASHING indicates the BBU is charging.
Table 3-6: Drive Tray LED Definitions
3.2.7 PSU Module LED
The PSU module has one (1) LED located just above the power switch and just below the
retention screw to indicate the operational status of the PSU module. (See Figure 3-6)
Please refer to Table 3-7 for PSU LED definitions.
Figure 3-6: PSU Module Rear LED
Color
Status
Static Green
The PSU is operating normally and experiencing no problems
Static Red
The PSU has failed and is unable to continue providing power to the
subsystem.
Blinking
Green
The PSU is not turned on. This LED blinks green when the power
cable has been plugged in but the power switch is not turned on.
OFF
The PSU is not turned on, no power is being supplied to the PSU or
the power plug is not connected.
Table 3-7: PSU Module LED Definitions
Status-indicating LEDs
3-7
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
3.2.8 Cooling Module LED
Figure 3-7: Cooling Fan Module LEDs and Cooling Fan Locations
Each cooling module has two (2) red LEDs. Each LED corresponds to a single cooling
fan within the module. (See Figure 3-7)
RED
Status
OFF
The respective cooling fan is operating normally.
ON
The respective cooling fan has failed and the module must be
replaced.
Table 3-8: Cooling Fan Module LED Definitions
3.3. Audible Alarm
Different controller environmental and operational parameters (such as temperature, etc.)
have been assigned a range of values between which they can fluctuate. If either the
upper or lower thresholds are exceeded, an audible alarm will automatically be triggered.
The alarm will also be triggered when an active component of the subsystem fails. If the
subsystem manager is onsite and is alerted by the alarm, the manager needs to read the
error message on the LCD screen or on the PC terminal to determine what has triggered
the alarm. After determining what has occurred, the subsystem manager must take
appropriate actions to rectify the problem.
WARNING!
Whenever an alarm is triggered, you must determine the problem. If the audible alarm
is ignored or not taken seriously and the problem is not rectified, permanent damage
to the system can result.
3-8
Audible Alarm
Chapter 3 Subsystem Monitoring
3.3.1 Default Threshold Values
Table 3-9 shows the default threshold values for the subsystem. If any of these values are
surpassed, the alarm will sound:
Parameter
Upper Threshold
Lower Threshold
+3.3V
+3.6V
+2.9V
+5V
+5.5V
+4.5V
+12V
+13.2V
+10.8V
Enclosure Ambient
40ºC
0ºC
CPU Temperature
90ºC
5ºC
Board Temperature
80ºC
5ºC
Table 3-9: Default Threshold Values
The thresholds in Table 3-9 are the default threshold values. To see how to change these
values, please refer to the Generic Operation Manual that came with your system.
3.3.2 Failed Devices
If any of the following devices fail, the audible alarm will be triggered:
RAID controller module
Cooling modules
PSU modules
BBU modules
Hard drives
Temperature sensors
3.4. I2C Monitoring
The PSUs, cooling modules, temperature sensors, and disk drive failure outputs are
monitored through an I2C serial bus. If any of these modules fails, you will be notified
through the various methods described above.
I2C Monitoring
3-9
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
Chapter 4
Subsystem Connection and
Operation
4.1 SCSI Host Connection Prerequisites
This chapter introduces sample topologies, configuration options and server connections
for the Falcon subsystems and discusses both the power on and power off procedures.
The Falcon 24 BAY subsystem supports two (2) SCSI host channels and two (2) dualstacked connectors (4 x VHDCIs) featuring support for SCSI-320 protocol, the latest
iteration of the SCSI drive interface standard. SCSI-320 enables maximum data transfer
rates up to 320MB/second per channel from host computers to the subsystems or
expansion enclosures. This is twice the bandwidth as the Ultra160 standard, allowing you
optimal performance and flexibility with configuring storage applications.
4.1.1 SCSI Cables
One (1) SCSI cable (IFT-9270UJBODCab) is provided with the 24 BAY subsystem
for host connection.
If you wish to connect the second host channel or
expansion enclosure(s), additional SCSI external round cables must be purchased
separately. When purchasing SCSI-320 cables, ensure that they are of the highest quality
and produced by a reputable manufacturer. To ensure optimum system performance, it
is necessary to use proper, high quality, SCSI-320 cables.
CAUTION!
All cables must be handled with care. To prevent interference within a rack system,
the cable routing path must be carefully planned and the cables must not be bent.
SCSI Host Connection Prerequisites
4-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
4.1.2 SCSI Port on the Controller Rear Panel
The subsystem is equipped with two (2) dual-stacked connectors featuring four (4)
VHDCIs on the controller faceplate. (See Figure 4-1) Each 68-pin VHDCI connector is
specified as “CH # IN” or “CH # OUT” ports. The “In” ports connect to SCSI initiators
(host HBAs), and the “Out” ports connect to SCSI targets (expansion enclosures). Due to
the demands of signal trace layout, each VHDCI port should be connected according to
the data flow direction (target or initiator).
Figure 4-1: SCSI Connectors on the Controller Faceplate
4.1.3 SCSI Termination
SCSI termination requires that the last device on the SCSI bus is terminated. If the last
device is not terminated, or if devices other than the last are terminated, erratic SCSI bus
performance may occur.
The RAID controller comes with built-in auto-sense terminators. You do not have to
install an external terminator when the subsystem acts as the last device in the daisychain configuration. However, you will need to “disable” the firmware setting for the onboard terminator using the LCD keypad panel, RS-232C terminal session, or RAIDWatch
management software if the “IN” and “OUT” ports are separately connected to servers
and/or a cascaded enclosure. (The firmware default for channel termination is set to
“enabled.”)
See the diagrams below for correct configurations and the configuration that may cause
problems:
4-2
SCSI Host Connection Prerequisites
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
Figure 4-2: Single Host Connection: Correct
Connection
A server is connected to one of the host ports.
There is no need for further termination
configuration because the firmware default is
“terminator ON,” and the auto-sense terminator is
also automatically enabled.
Figure 4-3: Dual-Host Connection: Incorrect
Connection
The “IN” and “OUT” ports are separately
connected to a server and a cascaded enclosure.
The auto-sense terminator is disabled, while the
firmware setting remains effective. Problems will
occur on the SCSI bus.
Figure 4-4: Dual Host Connection: Correct
Connection
The “IN” and “OUT” ports are separately
connected to a server and a cascaded enclosure.
The auto-sense terminator is automatically
disabled, and the firmware setting should be
manually disabled.
The firmware default for SCSI bus termination setting is “ON.” The SCSI bus
termination setting can be manually enabled or disabled on each channel. See the
diagrams below for different accesses to the termination control. More details about the
SCSI Host Connection Prerequisites
4-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
configuration process can be found in the Generic Operation Manual or the RAIDWatch
User s Manual located on the Product Utility CD.
Using the LCD Keypad Panel
Figure 4-5: LCD Keypad Navigation
Flow
Configuration over Hyper Terminal
Figure 4-6: The Terminator Option on Terminal Screen
From Main Menu, select “View and Edit Channels,” press [ENTER] on the channel for
which you wish to change its termination mode, and select “SCSI Terminator” by
pressing [ENTER]. Depending on the current setting, select Yes or press ESC to
complete the configuration process.
4-4
SCSI Host Connection Prerequisites
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
Via RAIDWatch GUI
Figure 4-7: The Terminator Option in the RAIDWatch Screen
From the RAIDWatch’s navigation tree, select “Configuration,” “Channel,” and click on
the channel (host) for which you wish to change its termination mode, and click on one of
the circles next to “Termination.”
Click the “Apply” button to complete the
configuration process.
Typically, the server or host adapter (SCSI card inside the server) is the first device and is
already terminated. When installing the subsystems on a SCSI bus with other devices, be
sure to observe the above rules with all devices on the SCSI bus. Consult the
documentation for your server and/or host adapters for additional information on correct
termination procedures.
SCSI Host Connection Prerequisites
4-5
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
4.2 Connection Topology
4.2.1 Single Host
Figure 4-8: Single SCSI Controller Connected to a Single Host Computer
In the example shown in Figure 4-8, the SCSI ports are connected to two (2) adapters on
a host computer to provide path redundancy. If one of the host channels becomes
disconnected, or if the cable connecting one of the host ports to the host computer is
damaged, data flow will be routed through the second path from the subsystem to the host
computer.
NOTE:
To create dual redundant data paths on the host side, a third-party fail-over
software is necessary on the application server.
4-6
Connection Topology
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
4.2.2 Dual Application Servers
Figure 4-9: A Subsystem Connected to Clustered Servers
In the example shown in Figure 4-9, the SCSI ports are connected to clustered servers.
This provides both path and host computer redundancy. If one of the host channels
becomes disconnected, or if the cable connecting one of the host ports to the host
computer is damaged, the second path can transmit data from the subsystem to one of the
servers. Similarly, in the clustered configuration, the same array can be accessed through
different data paths and downtime will be minimized.
To obtain more disk capacity, the “OUT” ports are used to cascade another subsystem.
Connection Topology
4-7
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
4.2.3 Dual Application Servers and Cascaded RAID Subsystems
Figure 4-10: Cascaded Subsystems to Clustered Servers
Procedure for Cascading RAID Subsystems
1. Connect the RAID subsystem to application servers. Most host adapter cards
provide VHDCI connectors. Use VHDCI-to-VHDCI cables for host connection.
Connect host adapters and the SCSI IN ports on the RAID subsystem.
2. If you wish to connect more than one subsystem, use VHDCI-to-VHDCI cables to
connect the SCSI OUT ports of the primary RAID subsystem (one that is directly
connected to servers) and the SCSI IN ports on the next subsystem.
3. The logical configurations (e.g., logical drives) created in the primary and the
cascaded subsystems occupy different ID/LUNs on a host bus thus connected. See
the diagram below for details.
4-8
Connection Topology
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
Figure 4-11: Cascaded Subsystems to Clustered Servers
1). In the diagram above, the term “logical drive” is abbreviated as “LD.” The
host bus connection is identical to the previous diagram.
2).
Each configured array (logical drive) is separately mapped (or associated)
with one host ID/LUN. Note that host mapping is separately done on
different RAID subsystems. Avoid using the same host IDs on any of the
SCSI buses linking these two subsystems.
3). If a server in a clustered pair fails or a host bus is disconnected, the
surviving server needs to access the arrays originally accessed by the failed
server. That’s why an array needs to be associated with IDs on two host
buses. In this way, every host bus has all mapped IDs. Most multi-pathing
or access management software running on clustered servers should be able
to manage the access to these IDs. See the arrows in the diagram above.
4). SCSI host adapters usually occupy SCSI ID 7. ID 7 is not available for
host bus mapping.
5). Each subsystem manages its own logical drives and ID mapping and will
not report ID conflicts with another subsystem.
6).
Connection Topology
Application servers see the logical configurations of disk volumes through
the unique SCSI bus IDs you selected for host mapping on each host bus.
Select different IDs for arrays on different subsystems.
4-9
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
NOTE:
To create dual redundant data paths on the host side, it is necessary to install high
availability software on the application servers.
4.3 Power On
Once all the components have been installed in the Falcon subsystem, the host channels
have been connected to the host, and the expansion cables have been connected to
another subsystems or JBODs, the subsystem can be powered on.
4.3.1 Check List
BEFORE powering on the Falcon subsystem, please check the following:
…
…
BBU modules – If used, that the BBU modules have been installed correctly.
…
Hard drives
…
…
…
…
4-10
Memory modules – Memory modules have been correctly installed on the
controller boards.
Hard drives have been correctly installed on the drive trays.
Drive trays – ALL the drive trays, whether or not they have a hard drive, have
been installed into the subsystem.
Cable Connections The host ports and management access on the subsystem
have been correctly connected to a host computer.
Power cables The power cables have been connected to the AC power sockets
on PSU modules and plugged into main power.
Ambient temperature – All the subsystem components have been acclimated to
the surrounding temperature.
Power On
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
4.3.2 Power On Procedure
When powering on the Falcon subsystem, please follow these steps.
1. Power on the JBOD(s) or cascaded subsystem(s).
If any of the subsystems have been connected to a JBOD or cascaded subsystem, the
JBOD or cascaded subsystem must be powered on first. Please refer to the
instruction manual that came with the JBOD to see its own power on procedure.
2. Power on the main subsystem.
The Falcon subsystem should only be powered on after all the JBODs or cascaded
subsystems have been powered on first. The power on procedure for the Falcon
subsystem is described below.
3. Power on the application servers.
The application servers or host computers should be the last devices that are turned
on. Please refer to the instructions that came with your application servers to see
their own power on procedures.
4.3.3 Falcon Power On Procedure
To power on the subsystem, turn on the only power switch located on the rear center of
the subsystem. (See Figure 4-12) The power switch controls all three PSUs. Once it is
switched on, all PSUs will be functional.
Figure 4-12: Falcon Subsystem Power Switch
Power On
4-11
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
CAUTION!
Although the PSUs are redundant and the subsystem can withstand a single PSU
failure, it is advisable to replace a failed PSU immediately. The subsystem will be
held in an idle state if two PSUs have already failed in the subsystem.
4.3.4 Power On Status Check
Once the subsystem has been powered on, the status of the entire subsystem should be
checked to ensure that all components are receiving power and are functioning and that
there are no complications or malfunctions.
…
…
…
…
…
Controller module LEDs – The controller ready, host and drive ports active
LEDs should all flash green during the initialization stage.
Drive tray LEDs The blue LED for all the drive trays (that contain hard
drives) should light up, showing that there is power.
LCD panel LEDs The blue LED on the LCD panel should come on, indicating
that power is being supplied to the system.
Firmware and RAIDWatch – The overall status of the system may be checked
using the pre-installed firmware or the RAIDWatch GUI.
Audible alarm – If any errors occur during the initialization process, the
onboard alarm will sound in a hastily repeated manner.
Drive tray LEDs should normally start flashing, indicating the RAID controller units are
attempting to access the hard drives.
NOTE:
The subsystem has been designed to run continuously. If a component failure occurs
the fault can be corrected while subsystem remains online.
4-12
Power On
Chapter 4 Subsystem Connection and Operation
4.3.5 LCD Screen
When powering on the subsystem, the following messages should appear on the front
panel LCD screen. Wait for the front panel LCD to show “READY” or “No Host LUN”
before the host boots up. Refer to Figure 4-13 on how to read the screens.
Model Name
Ready
Status/Data Transfer Indicator
Figure 4-13: The LCD Start-up Screen
The LCD screen startup sequence is shown and described in the sequence below.
Initializing .
Please Wait...
This screen appears when the PSUs are
turned on.
Power on Self
Test, Please Wait..
This screen appears when the subsystem
is testing the integrity of the firmware and
hardware components.
Power on Self
Test Completed
This screen appears after the self test is
completed.
24 BAY G2421
256MB RAM, Wait
This screen shows the memory size. If
properly initialized, the subsystem should
correctly indicate the memory size now.
24 BAY G2421
No Host LUN
System is ready. You can now start to
configure the subsystem.
4-13
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
4.4 Power Off Procedure
To power off the Falcon subsystem, please follow these steps:
NOTE:
When powering off the Falcon subsystem, please ensure that no timeconsuming processes, like a logical drive parity check or a Media Scan,
are running.
1. Stop I/O access to the system.
Use the software provided on the host computer to stop all I/O accesses to the
Falcon subsystem. Please refer to the documentation that came with your
application servers and operating systems.
Some operating systems may require “unmounting” disk volumes (mapped LUNs)
before powering off the array.
2. Flush the cache.
Usually the cached writes will be distributed in a short time. You may also use the
“Shutdown Controller” firmware function to flush all cached data. This prepares the
RAID subsystem to be powered down.
3. Turn off the power.
Turn off the power switch at the rear panel of the Falcon RAID subsystem. Once
the RAID subsystem has been powered off, other devices connected to the subsystem
may be powered down.
4-14
Power Off Procedure
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Chapter 5
Subsystem Maintenance and
Upgrading
5.1. Introducing Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.1.1
Maintenance
Constant monitoring and maintenance of your subsystem will minimize subsystem
downtime and preserve the working integrity of the system for a longer period of time. If
any of the subsystem components fail, they must be replaced as soon as possible.
WARNING!
Do not remove a failed component from the subsystem until you have a replacement
on hand. If you remove a failed component without replacing it, the internal airflow
will be disrupted and the system will overheat causing damage to the subsystem.
All of the following components can be replaced in case of failure:
1. RAID Controller module – Section 5.2.3
2. DIMM module – Section 5.2.4
3. BBU module – Section 5.3
4. PSU modules – Section 5.3
5. Cooling modules – Section 5.5
6. Hard drives – Section 5.6.2
5-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.1.2 General Notes on Component Replacement
With the exception of the RAID controller module on the Falcon model, all of
the components on the subsystem, including the PSU modules, cooling modules, and
drive trays, are hot-swappable and can be changed while the subsystem is still in
operation
Qualified engineers who are familiar with the subsystem should be the only ones
who make component replacements. If you are not familiar with the subsystem
and/or with RAID subsystem maintenance in general, it is strongly advised that you
refer subsystem maintenance to a suitably qualified maintenance engineer.
Normalized airflow is directly dependent upon the presence of all subsystem
components. Even if a subsystem component fails, it should not be removed from the
subsystem until a replacement is readily at hand and can be quickly installed.
Removing a subsystem component without replacing it can lead to permanent
subsystem damage.
When replacing any hot-swappable component, caution should be taken to ensure
that the components are handled in an appropriate manner. Rough or improper
handling of components can lead to irreparable damage.
When removing a controller module from the subsystem, ensure that the power has
been turned off and that all precautionary measures, without exception, are adhered
to. The controller board is very sensitive and can be easily damaged.
WARNING!
When inserting a removable module, DONOT USE EXCESSIVE FORCE! Forcing
or slamming a module can damage the connector pins on the module or the backplane.
Gently push the module in until it reaches the end of module slot. Once you feel the
contact resistance, use slightly more pressure to ensure the module connectors are
correctly mated. Use the extraction levers or retention screws to secure the module.
5-2
Introducing Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.2. Replacing Controller Module Components
5.2.1 Overview
The controller module consists of the components shown below:
Component
Maintenance Procedures
DIMM Module
The DIMM module can be replaced when the DIMM
module fails or if a larger capacity DIMM module is
required.
BBU Module
The BBU can be installed after the initial installation
procedure or replaced if a previously installed BBU
module is faulty or fails to hold its charge.
Controller Module
If the controller module in a single controller model fails,
it is necessary to power the system down and replace the
controller.
5.2.2 Notes on Controller Module Maintenance
The controller module contains a DIMM module and a BBU module. When
replacing the controller module, these components can be removed and used on the
new controller module if they are functioning normally.
When replacing the controller module, you must remember that the controller board
is one of the most sensitive components in the subsystem. All previously stipulated
safety precautions (see Chapter 2) must be strictly adhered to. Failure to adhere to
these precautions can result in permanent damage to the controller board, resulting in
timely delays.
Replacing Controller Module Components
5-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.2.3 Removing the Controller Module
WARNING!
1.
Consult with your reseller s or distributor s technical support department
to confirm which memory module can be installed into the controller
module.
2.
The installed BBU and controller module must be removed prior to
installing new memory modules. Do this with care. Sensitive components
can be damaged during the process.
3.
The BBU is hot-swappable and can be independently swapped from the
controller. However, as a safety precaution and in case your memory still
holds cached data, it is recommended to remove the BBU before handling
the DDR RAM module. If the BBU is supplying power to the memory when
the DDR module is being removed, damage will occur!
To remove the controller module:
Step 1.
Prepare a clean, static-free work pad on which to place the controller
that will be removed from the chassis.
Step 2.
Since this is a single-controller model, stop host I/Os and power down
the subsystem following the procedure listed in Chapter 4.
Step 3.
Remove the BBU module if one has been installed. Loosen the BBU
module’s spring screw and then simply retrieve it from the chassis.
Figure 5-1: Removing the BBU Module
5-4
Replacing Controller Module Components
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Step 4.
Disconnect all cables that are connected to the controller module you
wish to replace. These include the SCSI cables connecting to the host
or expansion enclosures, Ethernet cables connected to the LAN port,
and any cables connected to the RS-232C audio jacks.
Step 5.
Loosen the retention screws that secure the controller’s ejector levers
to the enclosure chassis. (See Figure 5-2)
Figure 5-2: Removing the Retention Screws
Step 6.
Gently press both of the ejector levers in a downward motion at the
same time to disconnect the controller from the back-end PCB. When
the ejector levers are at their lowest positions, the controller module
will automatically be eased out of the controller module bay in the
subsystem. (See Figure 5-3)
Replacing Controller Module Components
5-5
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 5-3: Removing the Controller Module
Step 7.
5-6
Carefully pull the controller module out of the subsystem chassis
keeping one hand underneath to support the weight of the module.
Replacing Controller Module Components
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.2.4 DIMM Module Replacement
If a DIMM module fails or a DIMM module with a higher memory capacity is required,
the onboard DIMM module must be replaced.
DIMM module replacement: When replacing DIMM module, make sure that the
subsystem is correctly powered down and disconnect all the cables connected to the
controller prior to removing the controller module.
Procedures on replacing the DIMM module: For complete illustrated instructions
on how to replace a DIMM module, refer to Chapter 2, Section 2.6.
5.2.5 Replacing the Controller Module
If the controller module has failed, it must be replaced. To replace a failed controller
module:
Step 1.
If the subsystem has not been powered down, power down the
subsystem following the procedure listed in Chapter 4.
Step 2.
Remove the BBU module (if it was installed, see Section 5.3.1), the
controller module, and then the DIMM module from the Falcon
subsystem . (See Section 5.2.4)
Step 3.
Install the DIMM module and the BBU module onto the new
controller module.
Step 4.
Install the new controller module into the subsystem. (See Section
2.7)
Step 5.
Re-attach all the cables that were removed. These include the SCSI
cables that connect to the host or the expansion enclosures, the
Ethernet cable that was previously attached to the LAN port, and any
cables that were attached to the RS-232C audio jacks.
Step 6.
Power up the system following the correct power up sequence that
will stipulated later.
Replacing Controller Module Components
5-7
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.3. Replacing a Failed BBU Component
5.3.1 Replacing the BBU Module
NOTE:
When replacing a BBU in a single controller model, the whole subsystem needs to be
powered down. Therefore, when replacing a failed BBU, you should carefully select
the time at which the replacement will be made to minimize the overall disruption to
the service.
CAUTION!
•
Install or replace the BBU with BBUs supplied by your subsystem vendors
only. Use of battery cells provided otherwise will void our warranty.
•
Always dispose of discharged or used batteries in an ecologically responsible
manner. Dispose of used BBUs at authorized disposal sites only.
•
Do not use nor leave the BBU near a heat source. Heat can melt the
insulation and damage other safety features of battery cells, possibly leading
it to acid leak and resulting in flames or explosion.
•
Do not immerse the BBU in water nor allow it to get wet. Its protective
features can be damaged. Abnormal chemical reactions may occur, possibly
causing functional defects, acid leak, and other hazardous results.
•
Do not disassemble or modify the BBU. If disassembled, the BBU could leak
acid, overheat, emit smoke, burst and/or ignite.
•
Do not pierce the BBU with a sharp object, strike it with a hammer, step on
it, or throw it against a hard surface. These actions could damage or deform
it and internal short-circuiting can occur, possibly causing functional defects,
acid leak, and other hazardous results.
•
If a BBU leaks, gives off a bad odor, generates heat, becomes discolored or
deformed, or in any way appears abnormal during use, recharging or
storage, immediately remove it from the subsystem and stop using it. If this is
discovered when you first use the BBU, return it to RAID or your
subsystem vendor.
BBU failure can result from the following:
1.
5-8
A BBU (battery cell pack) has lost its ability to hold electrical charge.
This may be the case after the battery cells have been recharged for
many times regardless of how long the module has been used.
Therefore, a stable power source is important for system operation.
Replacing a Failed BBU Component
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
2.
The charger circuitry mounted underneath the controller top cover has
failed.
3.
The BBU charger may stop charging the batteries if the upper
temperature threshold is violated. Check the system event messages
to verify and correct the fault condition.
To replace a BBU module, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Remove the BBU module from the subsystem by loosening its spring
screw, and then gently removing the module from the chassis.
Figure 5-4: Removing the BBU Module
Step 2.
Re-install the new BBU. To do this, insert the BBU into the module
slot, and fasten the spring screw to secure the BBU.
Replacing a Failed BBU Component
5-9
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 5-5: Installing a BBU Module
NOTE:
The chance of BBU charger failure is comparatively low. If the cause of a failure
cannot be determined even after a BBU module is replaced, contact your system
vendor for a replacement controller and return the controller module through the
standard RMA procedure.
5.4. Replacing a Failed PSU Module
5.4.1 Notes on PSU Module Maintenance
Redundant (N+1) PSU modules: The subsystem comes with three fully redundant,
hot-swappable PSU modules. These modules are accessed through the rear of the
subsystem.
Immediate replacement: When a PSU fails, it should ideally be replaced
immediately. Do not remove a PSU module unless a replacement is readily available.
Removing a PSU without a replacement will cause severe disruptions to the internal
airflow and the subsystem will overheat, possibly causing irreparable damage to
some of the subsystem components.
WARNING!
Although the PSU modules are fully redundant, it is not advisable to run the Falcon
subsystem with any failed PSU module for a long period of time. If a second PSU
module fails, the subsystem will enter an idle state.
5-10
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.4.2 Replacing a PSU Module
To replace a PSU, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Flip open the cable clamp and remove the power cord connecting the
failed module to the main power. If the provided cable clamps are
used, remove them. The power cord socket is found on the module’s
left-hand side.
Figure 5-6: Removing the Power Cord
Step 2.
Remove the retention screw located on the right side of the PSU. (See
Figure 5-7.)
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
5-11
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 5-7: Removing the PSU Retention Screw
Step 3.
Remove the failed module using the retention handle. Press the
retention handle down until the PSU is released from the enclosure
chassis. (See Figure 5-8)
Figure 5-8: Dislodging the PSU
5-12
Step 4.
Gently pull the PSU module out of the chassis using the retention
handle.
Step 5.
Insert the new PSU module into the slot with the retention handle at
its lowest position. Push the PSU in until you feel the contact
resistance with its back-end connectors. Do not use force or slam the
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
module into place. Doing so can damage the back-end connectors or
enclosure backplane.
Secure the PSU into the chassis slot. While at it, make sure the
squared notches of the retention handle lock onto the metal groove on
the interior sides of the module slot. Once in place, pull the retention
handle in an upward motion to secure the module.
Step 6.
Insert and fasten the retention screw underneath the handle to secure
the module.
Step 7.
Install the cable clamp assembly (if used).
5.5. Cooling Module Maintenance
5.5.1 Notes on Cooling Module Maintenance
Two redundant cooling modules: The subsystem is equipped with two redundant,
hot-swappable, dual-fan cooling modules located above the PSU modules. These
cooling modules control the internal operating temperature of the subsystem and
therefore their working integrity should be maintained at all times.
Detecting a failed cooling fan module: If a cooling module fails, you can choose to
be notified of the failure by the LEDs located at the back of the module, an audible
alarm, the firmware terminal access, the RAIDWatch Panel View, or the various
event notification methods.
Replacing a cooling module: When you are notified that a cooling module has
failed, it should be replaced as soon as possible. A failed cooling module should only
be removed from the subsystem when you have a replacement module that can be
installed as soon as the failed cooling module has been removed.
WARNING!
Although the cooling fan modules are fully redundant, it is not advisable to run the
Falcon subsystem with a single cooling module for a long period of time. If the
second cooling module fails, the system is at risk of sustaining irreparable damage.
5.5.2 Replacing a Cooling Module
To replace a cooling module, please follow these instructions:
Cooling Module Maintenance
5-13
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Step 1.
Remove a cooling module by pressing the slide lock on the side of
the module towards the center of the chassis and then pulling the
module out of the chassis. (See Figure 5-9)
Figure 5-9: Removing the Cooling Module Retention Screws
Step 2.
Gently slide the new cooling module into the chassis. Do not use force
or slam the module. The slide lock will hold the module in place.
5.6. Drive Tray Maintenance
5.6.1 Notes on Hard Drive Maintenance
Hot-swappable drive trays: The drive trays are all hot-swappable. If a hard drive
fails, it can be replaced while the subsystem is still running.
Remove drives slowly: When removing a drive tray, withdraw it from the enclosure
slowly. If the drive tray is removed too quickly a drive I/O timeout may occur.
Open flap: Once the flap on the drive tray has been opened, the drive tray must be
removed from the subsystem. Failure to remove the drive tray from the subsystem
after the flap has been opened may result in signal glitches and Data Compare Errors.
Replacement on-hand: Before removing a failed hard drive from the subsystem,
make sure you have a replacement hard drive readily available. Do not leave the
drive tray slot open for an extended period of time. If the drive tray slot is left
unoccupied for an extended period of time, the normalized airflow will be disrupted
and subsystem components will overheat and may become permanently damaged.
5-14
Drive Tray Maintenance
Chapter 5 Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.6.2 Hard Drive Replacement
When a hard drives fails, it needs to be replaced. To replace a hard drive, please follow
these steps:
Step 1.
Remove the drive tray from the enclosure. First unlock the key-lock
on the front of the drive tray using a flat-head screwdriver to turn the
key-lock until the groove on its face is in a horizontal orientation.
Step 2.
Open the front flap by pressing the release button to lift up the latch
at the front of the drive tray. This will dislodge the hard drive from the
enclosure and the hard drive can be carefully withdrawn.
Step 3.
Remove the retention screws on the sides of the drive tray and then
remove the hard-drive from the drive tray.
Step 4.
Install the new hard drive. Please refer to the complete hard drive
installation procedure in Chapter 2.
\
Drive Tray Maintenance
5-15
Appendix A Specifications
Appendix A
Subsystem Specifications
A.1.
Technical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Humidity
5 to 95% (non condensing – operating and non-operating)
Temperature
Operating: 0º to 40ºC
Non-operating: -20º to 60ºC
Altitude
Operating: sea level to 12,000 ft
Non-operating: sea level to 20,000 ft
Power Requirements
Input Voltage
90VAC @ 8AC
264VAC @ 4AC with PFC
(auto-switching)
Frequency
47 to 63Hz
Power Consumption
405W
Dimensions
w/ forearm handles
w/o forearm handles
Height
174.4mm (6.86 inches)
174.4mm (6.86 inches)
Width
447mm (17.6 inches)
445mm (17.5 inches)
Length
514mm (20.2 inches)
498mm (19.6 inches)
Technical Specifications
A-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
EMI/EMC
•
•
•
FCC Class-A
CE
CB
Safety Requirements
•
UL60950 / IEC 60950
Shock
Half-sine
Operating: 5G peak, 11ms duration
Non-operating: 10G peak, 11ms duration
Vibration
Operating
5 to 500Hz, 0.2G, 0.5oct/min
Non-operating
5 to 500Hz, 1.0G, 0.5oct/min
Warning Alarms
•
•
•
•
•
A-2
Audible alarms
System LEDs
LCD screen
Terminal screen
Event notification via the RAIDWatch Manager
Technical Specifications
Appendix A Specifications
A.2.
Controller Specifications
A.2.1
Configuration
Specification
RAID Levels
0, 1(0 + 1), 3, 5, 10, 30, 50, JBOD, and non-RAID disk spanning
Host O/S Compatibility
Host O/S independent; supports all major platforms
Host Interface
2 SCSI-320 channels via 2 dual-stacked VHDCI connectors
Host Channels
2 pre-configured SCSI-320 host channels
Drive Interface
Drive Channels
Cache Mode
Cache Memory
Number of LUNs
Multiple Target
IDs/Host Channel
Aliases for Target IDs
Firmware on Flash
Memory
Drive Hot-swapping
Controller Hot-swapping
A.2.2
Supports up to 24 channels of 3Gbpas SATA-II, backward compatible to SATA-I
All drive channels are pre-configured, routed through back-end PCB and can’t be changed
Write-through and write-back
Pre-installed256MB DDR RAM DIMM, supports 2GB DDR RAM w/ECC,registered
Up to 32 per SCSI ID
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes (redundant controller models only)
Architecture
Specification
CPU
600MHz PowerPC 750FX
Host Channel Processor
LSI 1030T
DIMM Slot
One 184-pin DDR DIMM module
PC-133 Support
Yes
ASIC
RAID 64-bit chipset (ASIC266)
Flash ROM
64Mbit (8MB)
NVRAM
32Kb with RTC (Real-time Clock)
Hardware XOR
Yes
I/O Channel Bandwidth
1-2GB/second
Real-time Clock
For event messages with time record tracking and scheduled
maintenance tasks, e.g., Media Scan.
Controller Specifications
A-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
A.3.
Drive Tray Specifications
Specification
Height
28mm (1.1inch)
Width
110mm (4.3 inches)
Depth
218.92mm (8.6 inches)
Key-lock
Yes
A.4.
Power Supply Specifications
Specification
Nominal Power
DC Output
Input Frequency
AC Input
Power Factor
Correction
Hold-up Time
2
A.5.
405W
+3.3V: 3.20V to 3.465V; min. 0.5A, max. 20A
+5V: 4.80V to 5.25V; min. 2.5A, max. 36A
+12V: 11.52V to 12.60V; min. 1A, max. 24A
+5V SB: 4.85V to 5.25V; min. 0A, max. 0.5A
47 to 63Hz
90VAC @ 8AC – 264VAC @ 4AC with PFC
Yes
At least 20ms at 115/230VAC full load after a loss of AC input
IC
Through backplane to controller
Over-temperature
Protection
Lost cooling or excessive ambient temperature
Cooling Fans
Two fans for each unit (inside PSU)
Cooling Module Specifications
Specification
A-4
Speed
High (6300rpm) or low (4600rpm) rotation speeds controlled by
Max. Airflow (per
module)
firmware (measurements by one cooling fan)
High speed: 2.5 m3/min
Low speed: 1.8 m3/min
Operating Voltage
Rated Voltage ± 10% (10.8V DC to 13.2V DC)
Rated Current
1.1A@12V DC (high speed); 0.55A@12V (low speed)
Rated Voltage
DC 12V
Temperature
Operating: -10 to 70°C
Drive Tray Specifications
Appendix A Specifications
A.6.
RAID Management
Specification
•
•
Configuration
•
•
LCD keypad panel
Text-based firmware-embedded utility over RS-232C
connection through the included audio jack-to-DB-9 serial cable
RAIDWatch Manager using an Ethernet link
Telnet access through an Ethernet link
Performance Monitoring
Remote Control and
Monitoring
Yes
Event Notification
Yes (via RAIDWatch’s sub modules, Configuration Client and NPC)
Management Connection
In-band over SCSI, or out-of-band over Ethernet or RS-232C
Configuration data stored on disks for logical drive assemblies to
exist after controller replacement or hardware failure; basic settings,
e.g., channel model settings, are stored on NVRAM
Via audible alarm, LCD keypad panel, RAIDWatch Manager
Configuration on Disk
Failure Indicator
Yes
session, event notifications, or event prompts on terminal emulation
A.7.
Fault Tolerance Management
Specification
SATA Drive S.M.A.R.T Support
Yes
Battery Back-up Option
ISEMS (RAID Simple
Enclosure Management Service)
via I2C Interface
Automatic Drive Failure
Detection
Automatic Rebuild on Spare
Drives
Yes
Regenerate Logical Drive Parity
Yes
Bad Block Reassignment
Automatic Rebuild upon Failed
Drive Replacement
Manual Clone of Suspected
Failed Drive
Concurrent Rebuild on Multiple
Drives in a RAID (0 + 1) Logical
Drive
Salvage the 2nd Temporary Failed
Drive in a RAID 1, 3 or 5 Logical
Drive
Salvage the 1st Temporary Failed
Drive in a RAID 0 Logical Drive
Yes
RAID Management
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
A-5
Appendix B Uninterruptible Power Supply
Appendix B
Uninterruptible Power Supply
B.1. Uninterruptible Power Supply Overview
An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is a separately purchased battery backup unit that
can be connected to an RAID subsystem. If the UPS is sufficiently large, it can power the
whole subsystem in the event of an AC power failure allowing the RAID subsystem to
safely distribute the on-going I/O processes onto the hard drives.
B.2. Compatible UPS Supplies
The APC SMART UPS series is compatible with the Falcon subsystems.
B.3. Serial Communication Cables
Part Number:
IFT-9270CUPSCab-0030
The customized audio-jack-to-DB9 serial communication cable for UPS monitoring
should be purchased separately. This cable is used to connect the controller module(s) on
a subsystem to a UPS. If you wish to use a UPS with your subsystem, use an included
audio jack-to-DB9 serial communication cables (see Figure B-1).
Figure B-1: Audio-Jack-to-DB9 Serial Communication Cable
CAUTION!
The pinouts on the audio jack-to-DB9 serial cable used to connect to the UPS are
different from the pinouts on the serial cables that are used to connect a PC running a
terminal program. When connecting the UPS device, please be sure to use the correct
cable.
Uninterruptible Power Supply Overview
B-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
B.4. Connecting the UPS to the Subsystem
B.4.1 Connect the PSU Module Power Cords
The three (3) power cords shipped with the subsystem must be plugged into the power
cord sockets in the rear of the PSU modules. The plug at the other end of the power cord
must be inserted into a socket on the UPS. Please refer to the documentation that came
with your UPS device to determine the location of these sockets. The UPS must then be
connected to main power.
B.4.2 Set the Baud Rate
The default baud rate for the COM 2 serial port is 38400 and must be changed to 2400 or
other rate specified by the UPS specifications. To see how to change the baud rate, please
refer to the Generic Operation Manual that came with the subsystem.
B.4.3 Connect COM2
The separate audio jack-to-DB9 serial cable is used to connect the COM2 ports on the
controller modules to the UPS directly. The cable is used to transmit UPS status updates
to the controller modules and will in turn determine the write policy of the controller
module. To connect the serial communication cable to the subsystem controller, insert the
audio jack connector on one end of the cable into the COM2 port on the controller
module. To see how to connect the DB9 connector to the UPS, please refer to the
documentation that came with your UPS.
Figure B-2: Connecting the UPS to the Subsystem
B-2
Connecting the UPS to the Subsystem
Appendix B Uninterruptible Power Supply
B.5. Power On
When powering on the subsystem, the UPS must be powered on before the subsystem. To
see how to power on the UPS, please refer to the documentation that came with your
UPS. Note that the power on sequence described in Chapter 4 will be altered. The power
on sequence when a UPS is connected is shown below:
Step 1.
Power on the network connection devices (including FC switches).
Bypass this step if you are using a SCSI host subsystem.
Step 2.
Power on any expansion/cascaded enclosures connected to the
subsystem.
Step 3.
Power on the UPS.
Step 4.
Power on the subsystem.
Step 5.
Power on the application servers.
Step 6.
The subsystem firmware should detect the UPS. To see how to do this
please, refer to the Generic Operation Manual that came with the
subsystem.
NOTE:
A UPS can be connected to the subsystem after the subsystem has been powered on,
but you will have to trigger the firmware to allow the subsystem to detect the UPS.
B.6. UPS Status Monitoring
If a UPS is correctly connected to the subsystem, the status of the UPS will be constantly
monitored by the controller through the COM2 (audio jack) serial port. The status of the
UPS will determine the controller’s write policy, and messages that appear on the LCD
panel and other monitoring devices will keep you informed of the UPS status.
Power On
B-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
B.6.1 Normal Operational Status
If the UPS is connected to main power and the UPS battery power level is above 50%,
then no status messages will appear and the “Write-back” write policy will be applicable.
B.6.2 UPS Messages
The following messages may appear on the LCD screen:
Message 1: “UPS connection is absent”
This message appears when COM2 has not been connected to the UPS or an established
link is lost.
Message 2: “UPS connection detected”
This message appears when the COM2 port link to a UPS has just been established.
Message 3: “Warning: UPS AC Power-Loss detected”
This message appears when the UPS battery power level remains above 50% but its
connection to the AC power source has been disrupted.
Message 4: “Warning: UPS Battery Low 50%. Please shut down to protect data loss”
This message appears when the UPS battery power level has dipped below 50% of its
charge capacity and the UPS has either been disconnected from the AC power source or
the AC power source has been disrupted. If the event triggered configuration has been
enabled, arrays using write-back caching will be forced to adopt the write-through mode.
When the UPS battery is restored to its full charge, the original array operating mode will
be restored.
Message 5: “Warning: UPS Battery Low 50%”
This message appears when the UPS battery power level has dipped below 50% of its
capacity. The default write policy will be changed from the default write back to write
through.
Message 6: “UPS Battery restored to safe level”
This message appears when the UPS battery power level has been restored to above 50%
of its capacity. The original array write policy will be restored.
Message 7: “UPS AC Power Restored”
This message appears when the AC power supply to the UPS has been restored. If the
UPS battery power level is below 50%, the write policy will remain as write through. If
the battery power level is above 50%, the write policy will change from write through to
write back.
B-4
UPS Status Monitoring
Appendix B Uninterruptible Power Supply
B.6.3 UPS Message Summary
The table (Table B-1) below summarizes the UPS messages described above. It is
important that you become familiar with these messages and their meanings to help
maintain the integrity of the data running through your subsystem.
Message
AC Power
Battery Power
Level (BPL)
Status
UPS connection is absent
N/A
N/A
Write back
UPS connection detected
N/A
N/A
Write back
Warning:
detected
Disconnected
BPL > 50%
Write through
Warning: UPS Battery Low 50%. Disconnected
Please shut down to protect data
loss
BPL < 50%
Write through
Warning: UPS Battery Low 50%.
Connected
BPL < 50%
Write through
UPS AC Power Restored
Reconnected
BPL > 50%
Write back
UPS AC Power Restored
Reconnected
BPL < 50%
Write through
UPS Battery restored to safe level
Reconnected
BPL > 50%
Write back
UPS
AC
Power-Loss
Table B-1: UPS Status Messages
UPS Status Monitoring
B-5
Appendix C Spare Parts and Accessories
Appendix C
Spare Parts and Accessories
C.1.
Spare Parts
Spare parts that come with the subsystem are listed in Table C-1.
Spare Part
Model Name
Description
Controller Module
IFT-84AU24GD24C0010
SCSI-to-SATA RAID controller module,
2 x SCSI-320 host channels, 24 SATA II
drive channels
Controller Module
IFT84AU24GD24CM20010
SCSI-to-SATA RAID controller module,
2 x SCSI-320 host channels, 24 SATA II
drive channels, 512MB DDR RAM
Hard Drive Tray
IFT-9273CDTray
Drive tray, Type-III bezel and Type-II
LED lightpipe.
PSU Module
IFT-9274CPSU
Power supply module, Falcon 4U DDRinterface subsystems, 460W capacity
Cooling Fan Module
IFT-9274CFanMod
Dual-fan cooling module in a hotswappable canister
Left Handle
IFT-9274HandLLCD
Left-side forearm handle with an LCD
panel
Right Handle
IFT-9274CHandR
Right-side forearm handle
Table C-1: Spare Parts Shipped with the Subsystem
C-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Spare parts that must be purchased separately are listed in Table C-2.
Spare Part
Model Name
Description
Battery Backup Module
IFT-9274CBT-C
Battery cell pack in a hot-swappable
bracket
Table C-2: Separately Purchased Spare Parts
C.2.
Accessories and Optional Items
Accessories that come with the subsystem are listed in Table C-3.
Spare Part
Model Name
Description
Null Modem
IFT-9011
Null modem, DB9 female to DB9
male, wires swapped
IFT-9270UJBODCAB
External SCSI round cable, VHDCI-toVHDCI
IFT-9270ASCab
RS-232C serial cable and audio-jackto-DB9 cable for FW download
External
cable
SCSI
Serial Port Cable
Table C-3: Accessories Shipped with the Subsystem
Accessories that must be purchased separately are listed in Table C-3.
Spare Part
Model Name
Description
External SCSI cable
IFT-9270UHstCab
SCSI external round cable, DB68-toVHDCI
Serial Port Cable
IFT-9270CUPSCab0030
RS-232C serial cable and audio-jackto-DB9 cable for UPS status
monitoring
Slider Rail
IFT-9274Cslider32
Slide rails for 24" to 32" deep racks
Slider Rail
IFT-9274Cslider36
Slide rails for 24" to 32" deep racks
Table C-4: Separately Purchased Accessories
C-2
Accessories and Optional Items
Appendix D Pinouts
Appendix D
Pinouts
D.1.
VHDCI Pinouts
VHDCI SCSI port pinout definitions are shown in Table D-1.
(NOTE: NC = No Connection, GND = Ground, and TPWR = Terminator Power)
Pin
Name
Pin
Name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
SD12+
SD13+
SD14+
SD15+
SDP1+
SD0+
SD1+
SD2+
SD3+
SD4+
SD5+
SD6+
SD7+
SDP0+
GND
DIFSENS
TPWR
TPWR
NC
GND
SATN+
GND
SBSY+
SACK+
SRST+
SMSG+
SSEL+
SC_D+
SREQ+
SI_O+
SD8+
SD9+
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
SD12SD13SD14SD15SDP1SD0SD1SD2SD3SD4SD5SD6SD7SDP0GND
GND
TPWR
TPWR
NC
GND
SATNGND
SBSYSACKSRSTSMSGSSELSC_DSREQSI_OSD8SD9-
D-1
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
33
34
SD10+
SD11+
67
68
SD10SD11-
Table D-1: SCSI Port Pinouts
D.2.
DB9 Audio Jack Pinouts
D.2.1
COM1 Serial Port Cable
Figure D-1: RS-232C (Audio Jack) Pinouts
Part Number: IFT-9270ASCab
The COM1 cable is used to connect a PC running terminal emulation program
CN1 Pin Number
1
2
3
CN2 Pin Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Pin Name
Ground
TXD
RXD
Pin Name
NC
RXD
TXD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
NC
Pin 4 and Pin 6 are shorted
Pin 7 and Pin 8 are shorted
Table D-2: RS-232C (Audio Jack) Pinout Definitions
D-2
DB9 Audio Jack Pinouts
Appendix D Pinouts
D.2.2
COM2 Serial Port Cable to UPS
COM2 Cable: Use this cable to connect the COM2 port to a UPS.
Part Number: IFT-9270CUPSCab
Figure D-2: COM2 Cable CN1 and CN2 Connectors
CN1 Pin Number
1
2
3
CN2 Pin Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Pin Name
Ground
TXD
RXD
Pin Name
TXD
RXD
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Ground
Table D-1: COM2 Cable CN1 and CN2 Pin Out
Definitions
DB9 Audio Jack Pinouts
D-3
Falcon 24 Bay SCSI-SATA Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
D.3.
Ethernet Port Pinouts
Figure D-3: LAN Port Pin Outs
Pin
Pin Name
Pin
Pin Name
1
LAN_TXP
7
LAN_RXP
2
LAN_TXN
8
LAN_RXN
3
CT
9
Pulled high for Pin 10
4
N1
10
LAN_LEDG (Link OK)
5
N1
11
Pulled high for Pin12
6
CT
12
LAN_LEDY (data transfer)
Table D-3: Ethernet Port Pinouts
D.4.
Main Power
IEC-type receptacle.
D-4
Ethernet Port Pinouts
Index
--A-alarm, 3-1
ATA cable, 2-15
audible alarm, 1-13, 3-1, 3-8, 4-8
audio jacks, 3-1, 5-4, 5-7, A-2, B-4
audio jack-to-DB9 serial cables, B-2
audio jack-to-DB9, B-1
Auto change cache policy, A-3
Automatic Bad Block Assignment, A-3
auto-negotiate, speed, 1-9
--B-Background rebuilding, A-3
Bad Block Handling in Degrade Mode, A-2
bad blocks, A-2
battery backup unit, B-1
battery backup, A-2 baud
rate, B-2
BBU fail, 3-3
BBU module, 1-8, 1-10, 2-5, 2-6, 2-9, 3-9,
4-6, 5-3, 5-6, 5-7, A-2
BBU module, replace, 5-6
--C-cabinet, 2-2
cache dirty, 3-3
capacity, 2-11
chassis, 1-2, 1-4
COM1, 1-9, 3-1
COM2 port, B-2
COM2, 1-9, A-2, B-2
component check, 2-1
component failure notifications, 3-1
component replacements, 5-2
configuration, 1-4
controller board, 5-2, 5-3 controller
module installation, 2-9 controller
module LEDs, 4-8
controller module maintenance, 5-3
Index
controller module, 1-1, 1-3, 1-6, 1-8, 1-9, 25, 2-9, 2-10, 3-2, 3-4, 5-1, 5-3, 5-4, 57, 5-15, A-1, A-2, B-1
controller module, remove, 5-3
controller module, replace, 5-7
cooling module LED, 3-7
cooling module maintenance, 5-10
cooling module, 1-2, 1-6, 1-12, 2-5, 3-2, 3-7,
3-8, 5-1, 5-2, 5-10, 5-11
cooling module, replace, 5-11
--D-Data Compare Errors, 5-12
daughterboard, 1-8
DB9 connector, B-2
depth, 1-4
device, 3-1
dimensions, 1-4
DIMM module, 1-10, 2-2, 2-5, 2-6, 2-7, 2-8,
2-9, 5-3, 5-6, 5-7, 5-14
DIMM module, replace, 5-6
DIMM socket, 2-7
DIP switch settings, 4-3, 4-5
DIP switch, 1-10, 4-3, 4-5
disruptive events, 3-2
drive bays, 2-11
drive busy, 3-3
drive channel, 1-10
drive ID, 1-5
drive tray installation, 2-17
drive tray LED, 3-6, 4-8
drive tray maintenance, 5-11
drive tray slot, 5-12
drive tray, 1-2, 1-4, 1-7, 2-2, 2-5, 2-11, 2-13,
2-14, 2-17, 3-2, 3-6, 4-6, 5-2, 5-11
drive-plane, 1-2, 1-6, 1-8, 2-5
dual data paths, A-2
dual-active, A-1
dual-fan cooling module, 1-2, 1-3, 1-6, 1-12,
5-10
dual-redundant controller subsystem, 1-5, 51, 5-13, A-1
I--1
Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
dual-redundant controller, 1-1, 1-2
dual-redundant, 5-7
--E-electrostatic discharge, 2-1
enabling the HUB, 4-3
environmental parameters, 3-8
ESD, 2-2
Ethernet cable, 5-4, 5-7
Ethernet port, 1-10
expansion port, 1-1 expansion
port, 4-5, 5-4, A-1 external
interfaces, 1-9
--F-fabric switch, 4-2
fabric, 4-2
failback, A-1
failed BBU, 5-6
failed cooling module, 5-10, 5-11
failed hard drive, 5-12, A-3
failover software, 4-2
failover, A-1
failure events, 3-2
FC cables, 2-1, 2-3, 5-4
FC, 4-1
FC-AL, 4-2, A-1
fibre switch, A-1
firmware, 1-13, 3-1, 4-6, 5-14
front flap, 2-17
front handles, 2-5
front section, 1-2
full redundancy, 4-5
functional integrity, 3-1
--G-Generic Operation Manual, 3-8, B-2
GUI, 1-13, 3-1
--H-handle, 1-3, 1-4
hard drive failure, 5-11
hard drive, 1-3, 2-1, 2-2, 2-11, 3-9, 4-6, 5-1,
5-12, A-2
hard drives, replace, 5-12
I--2
HBA, 4-2, A-1
height, 1-4
Host Bus Adapter, A-1
host channel speed, 4-3
host channel, 1-1, A-1
host computer, 1-1, 1-9, 4-3
hot-swappable components, 1-13
hot-swappable, 5-2, A-2
hub, 1-1
--I-I/O timeout, 5-12
I/O traffic, 4-5
I2C bus, 1-12, 3-1, 3-9
initial screen, 1-7
installation instructions, 2-1
Intelligent drive handling, A-2
interfaces, external, 1-9
internal airflow, 5-8
internal operational temperature, 5-10
irreparable damage, 5-8
--K-key-lock, 2-18, 5-12
--L-LAN Port LED, 3-4
LAN port, 3-4, 5-4, 5-7
laser, 4-1
latch, 1-7
LC connector, 4-2
LCD Panel LEDs, 4-8
LCD panel, 1-4, 1-7, 2-5, 3-1, 3-2, 3-5
LCD screen, 1-7, 3-8, 4-8
LED status indicators, 1-7
LED, 3-1
Logical Block Address, A-2
LUN Masking, A-4
LUN, A-4
--M-main power, 5-8, A-2, B-2
maintenance, 5-1
manhandling, 5-2
Media Scan, A-2
Index
Index
memory module, 1-8, 2-1, 2-6, 4-6
mid-plane, 1-2, 1-6
monitoring methods, 1-12
monitoring, 3-1, 5-1
MUX kit, 1-8, 2-1, 2-11, 2-13, 2-14, 2-15, 216, 5-12, 5-1, 5-16
MUX kit, replace, 5-12
MUX kit, SATA-to-PATA, 1-8, 2-2, 2-11,
2-13, 2-14, 2-15
MUX kit, SATA-to-SATA, 1-8, 2-2, 2-11,
2-12, 2-13
--N-non-OFC, 4-1
normalized airflow, 1-14, 5-2, 5-12
Notification Process Center, 3-1
numbering of drive trays, 1-4
--O-OFC, 4-1
operational integrity, 3-1, 3-2
operational parameters, 3-8
operational status, 3-2, 3-6
optical cables, 4-1
optional BBU module, 5-7
--P-Partner Fail, 3-3
PATA drive Installation, 2-13
PATA hard drive, 1-2, 1-4, 1-8, 2-1, 2-2, 211
PC hyper-terminal, 3-1, 3-8, B-1
permanent damage, 3-2, 5-2, 5-3
points of failure, 4-2
point-to-point, 4-2, A-1
power cable socket, 1-11, 5-8, B-2
power cable, 1-11, 4-6, 5-8, B-2
power down, 4-9
power on procedure, 4-7
power on sequence, 4-6
power on status check, 4-7
power on, 4-6, B-3
power supply unit, 1-2 power
switch, 1-11, 4-7, 5-8
precautionary measures, 5-2
pre-installed components, 2-5
Index
pre-installed, 2-4
primary controller, 1-7
PSU cooling fans, 1-11
PSU LED definitions, 3-6
PSU module maintenance, 5-8
PSU module, 1-2, 1-3, 1-6, 1-11, 1-12, 2-5,
3-2, 3-6, 3-8, 5-1, 5-2, 5-7, 5-8, 5-9, 510, A-2
PSU module, replace, 5-8
PSU switch, 1-6
--R-rack, 2-2
RAID controller modules, 3-8, 5-2
RAID subsystem maintenance, 5-2
RAIDWatch, 1-13, 3-1, 4-8, 5-10
RCC channel, 1-9
rear panel, 1-5, A-1
rear section, 1-2, 1-3
rebuild process, A-2
redundant cache coherence, 1-9
redundant controller subsystem, 1-7, A-1
redundant controllers, 2-6
redundant cooling modules, 5-10
redundant PSU modules, 5-8
Regeneration of parity, A-3
replacement hard drive, 5-12
RJ-45 Ethernet connector, 1-2, 1-6, 1-9, 3-2,
3-4
RS-232C, 1-1, 1-6, 1-9, 3-1, 5-4, 5-7, A-2
--S-S.M.A.R.T, A-3
SATA chip, 1-1
SATA drive installation, 2-11
SATA hard drive, 1-2, 1-4, 1-8, 2-1, 2-2, 211
SATA-to-PATA MUX kit replacement, 512
SATA-to-SATA MUX kit replacement, 512
SDRAM DIMM, 2-6
SDRAM, 2-5
secondary controller, 1-7
serial communication cable, B-2
serial port, 1-1, 1-6, 1-9, A-2, B-2, B-4
I--3
Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
SFP connector, 1-1, 4-3
SFP module, 1-6, 1-8, 1-9, A-1
SFP ports, 4-3
SFP transceivers, 2-1
SFP, 4-2
single controller subsystem, 1-5, 1-6, 5-1, 53, 5-6, 5-13
single controller, 1-1, 1-2
slide rail, 1-3, 1-6
spare drive, A-3
spares, A-3
speed auto-detection, 4-3
startup, 4-8
static electricity, 2-2
static free installation environment, 2-1
status checking, 1-4
status-indicating LEDs, 1-6, 1-7, 1-9, 1-13
subsystem upgrade, 5-13
stipulated safety precautions, 5-3
storage device, 1-1
storage network, 4-3
subsystem chassis, 5-5
subsystem components, 5-2, 5-12
--V--
subsystem downtime, 5-1
subsystem expansion, 1-9
subsystem maintenance, 5-1, 5-2
subsystem management, 3-2
I--4
--T-terminal emulation program, 1-13
terminal emulation, 1-1, 1-9
troubleshooting, 1-4
--U-uninterruptible power supply, 1-9
Unpacking List, 2-1, 2-5
unpacking, 2-2, 2-4
upgrading, 5-1
UPS battery power level, B-4
UPS status signals, A-2
UPS status updates, B-2
UPS support, 1-2, 1-9, A-2, B-1, B-2
Verify-after-Write, A-3
--W-width, 1-4
working integrity, 5-1, 5-10
write policy, B-2
Index