Epson U590P - TM B/W Dot-matrix Printer Specifications

Confidential
Slip printer
TM-U590 series
Specification
STANDARD
Rev. No.
I
Notes
Copied Date
,
,
Copied by
SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
MATSUMOTO MINAMI PLANT
2070 KOTOBUKI KOAKA, MATSUMOTO-SHI, NAGANO, 399-8702 JAPAN
PHONE(0263)86-5353 FAX(0263)86-9925
Confidential
REVISION SHEET
Sheet 1 of 8
The table below indicates which pages in this specification have been revised.
Before reading this specification, be sure you have the correct version of each page.
Revisions
Rev.
Document
Design Section
Sheet Rev. No.
WRT
CHK
APL
Sheet
Rev. Sheet Rev.
Sheet
Rev.
A
Enactment
Y.Ito
--
K.Ito
I
H
18
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42
H
B
Change
Y.Ito
--
K.Ito
II
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19
H
43
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Change
Y.Ito
--
R.Kanai
III
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20
H
44
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Change
Y.Ito
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R.Kanai
IV
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45
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Change
Matsumoto
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R.Kanai
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Change
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23
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Change
Inakoshi
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48
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Change
Koakutsu
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Omura
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Contents
Appendix
Total
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TITLE
Front Part
TM-U590 series
Specification
(STANDARD)
Cover
Rev.
Sheet
1
8
General
Table of
Scope Descriptions Contents
--
2
3
Confidential
REVISION SHEET
Sheet 2 of 8
The table below indicates which pages in this specification have been revised.
Before reading this specification, be sure you have the correct version of each page.
Revisions
Rev.
Document
Design Section
WRT
CHK
Sheet Rev. No.
APL
Sheet
Rev. Sheet Rev.
Sheet
Rev.
A
Enactment
66
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90
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123
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B
Change
67
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91
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124
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Change
68
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92
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125
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Change
69
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93
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Change
70
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71
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Contents
Appendix
Total
141
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167
TITLE
Front Part
TM-U590 series
Specification
(STANDARD)
Cover
Rev.
Sheet
1
8
General
Table of
Scope Descriptions Contents
--
2
3
Confidential
REVISION SHEET
Sheet 3 of 8
The table below indicates which pages in this specification have been revised.
Before reading this specification, be sure you have the correct version of each page.
Revisions
Rev.
Document
Design Section
WRT
CHK
Sheet Rev. No.
APL
Sheet
A
Enactment
App.1
B
Change
App.2
C
Change
App.3
D
Change
App.4
E
Change
App.5
F
Change
App.6
G
Change
App.7
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App.8
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App.9
Rev. Sheet Rev.
Sheet
Rev.
Contents
Appendix
Total
141
12
167
App.10
App.11
App.12
TITLE
Front Part
TM-U590 series
Specification
(STANDARD)
Cover
Rev.
Sheet
1
8
General
Table of
Scope Descriptions Contents
--
2
3
Confidential
REVISION SHEET
Sheet 4 of 8
REV.
SHEET
Enactment
A
B
CHANGED CONTENTS
10
15
16
23
26
28
57
114
1.10 Reliability
[Change]
1) Life
The MICR reader is ...... holding roller, etc.)
↓
The MICR reader is ...... the Wearout Period.
2) MTBF
Failure is defined ...... of accidental failure.
↓
Failure is defined ...... the Random Failure Period.
3) MCBF
This is an average ...... and accidental failures.
↓
This is an average ...... of 12 million lines.
2.1.1.4 XON/XOFF transmit timing
[Addition]
NOTES: • In case ②, ...... off-line state.
2.1.1.5 Notes on setting DIP switch 2-1 to ON
1) ......, printing stops due to a paper-end,...
[Deleted]
Example: ...... (when the TOF/BOF sensor detects that the paper is present), ....
[Addition]
ASB status bit
[Change]
2.1.3.2 Switching between on-line and off-line
•When the receive buffer becomes full.(∗1)
↓
•During paper feeding using the FORWARD/REVERSE button.
[Change]
(∗1): 1 When the remaining ......
2 The printer ignores ......
[Deleted]
2.1.3.4 XON/XOFF transmit timing
......, refer to Section 3.3.3.
↓
......, refer to Section 2.1.1.6
[Change]
Table 3.7.3 Unrecoverable Errors
Thermistor error
The internal wirings ...... correctly
↓
thermistor is ...... not connected.
[Change]
FS 2 c1 c2 d[k] command
→ FS 2 c1 c2 d1 ... dk
[Change]
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Specification
(STANDARD)
Confidential
REVISION SHEET
Sheet 5 of 8
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6
Figure 1.5.2
62
5.3
94
101
102-12
4
D
I
II
IV
VI
CHANGED CONTENTS
Values are changed.
Consumables
•Ribbon cassette ERC-31(B)
ESC f t1 t2 command
[Default] t2 = 0 → t2 = 5
GS I n
Table bit0 On 02 2 → bit0 On 01 1
bit1 On 02 2 Auto cutter equipped.
→ bit1 Off 00 2 Auto cutter is not equipped
FS a 0 command
Bit 4 and 5 is newly assigned.
Description for bit 4 and 5 is added.
General Features
•Optional Magnetic ....
•..... (Available only for ..... model)
1.6 All descriptions are deleted.
3.12 and 3.13
All descriptions are deleted.
6.5 All descriptions are deleted.
36
Figure 1.5.2
MICR nead position is deleted.
1.6 All descriptions are deleted.
1.10 Reliability
MICR reader mechanism
2.1.2.7
100 bytes → 99 bytes
2.2.4 Customer display connector
(Available only for ..... model)
MICR command lists
37
3.2.1
6-8
10
23
33
50
Page 0
BS and CAN codes are deleted.
Table 3.3.3 Bit 5 is assigned as Internal use.
53
3.4
60
62
71
Panel LED Indicators
Figure 3.4.4 (when ..... reader)
3.12 and 3.13
All descriptions are deleted.
5.2 Options
•MICR reader
DLE EOT n command
n = 5 : Slip paper status
bit 2 On is deleted
TITLE
TM-U590 series
Specification
(STANDARD)
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119 - 127
App.4
E
All
I
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43
44, 45
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All
II
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2
CHANGED CONTENTS
DLE ENQ n command
n = 3 is deleted.
GS I n command
n = 2, 50 Type ID
bit3 On is deleted.
GS a n command
Fourth byte
bit 0 On is deleted.
6.6 All descriptions are deleted.
[Deleted]
[Deleted]
[Deleted]
[Deleted]
Appendix C
MICR commands are deleted.
“Confidential” is written in the header of all pages.
[Deleted]
“Confidentiality Agreement”
[Addition]
Table of Contents
1.6 through 1.11 are renumbered.
3.2.10 Page 19 is newly added.
3.2.11 and 3.2.13 are renumbered.
6.3 Exception Processing is deleted.
6.4 Commands Description is renumbered to 6.3
1.8 EMI and Safety Standards Applied
Descriptions are changed.
3.2.10 Page 19 (PC858: Euro)
[change]
[Addition]
3.2.11 and 3.2.13 are renumbered.
6.3 Exception Processing
All descriptions are deleted.
6.4 Commands Description is renumbered to 6.3
[Deleted]
ESC t n command
n = 19 is newly added.
All pages are renumbered due to addition of the Thai font tables.
[Addition]
GENERAL FEATURES
TM-U590M (supporting print Kanji characters print with serial interface)
→ TM-U590M (supporting print Kanji characters print with serial interface) (*1)
NOTE *1:
[Addition]
1.2 Character Specifications
The multilingual ....
[Addition]
Thai characters ...
[Addition]
Table 1.2.1 Thai font A and B
[Addition]
92
3.2.11, Page 20 - 3.2.17, Page 26
3.2.11 → 3.2.18, 3.2.12 → 3.2.19
ESC R command
n = 11-13
[Addition]
[Chang]
[Addition]
100
ESC t n command
[Addition]
45 - 53
n = 20 - 26
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Specification
(STANDARD)
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REVISION SHEET
Sheet 7 of 8
REV.
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CHANGED CONTENTS
G
9
H
All
1.9 Reliability
1) Life Print head
Page layout (changed)
1,2
Font C (added)
NOTE
32 - 34
1.8 EMI and Safety Standards Applied
Europe CE marking EN50082-1 → EN55024
Command list (changed)
66 - 69
3.12 Page Mode
(changed)
73
(6) Printable area
(added)
75
FF
76
CAN
82
DLE DC4 (n=8)
83
ESC FF (added)
ESC SP [Notes]
8-10
(changed)
(added)
(added)
89
•In standard mode, ... (added)
•In page mode, ... (added)
ESC ! [Notes] •ESC M can also ... (added)
ESC $ [Notes]
•In standard mode, ... (added)
•In page mode, ... (added)
ESC ∗ [Range] m=0 (page mode) (added)
90
ESC -
[Notes]
91
ESC 2
ESC 3
[Notes] (added)
[Notes]
•In standard mode, ... (added)
•In page mode, ... (added)
96
ESC D
[Notes]
98
ESC J
[Notes]
99
ESC K
•In standard mode, ... (added)
•In page mode, ... (added)
(corrected)
100
ESC L
(added)
102
ESC S
(added)
103
ESC T
(added)
105
ESC V
(added)
106
ESC W
109
ESC a
[Notes]
•This command has, ... (added)
113
ESC e
[Notes]
•In page mode, ... (added)
117
ESC {
[Notes]
•This command has, ... (added)
118
GS !
85
•Underline can also ... ...(added)
•The character width ... (added)
(added)
[Notes]
•In standard mode, ... (added)
•In page mode, ... (added)
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TM-U590 series
Specification
(STANDARD)
[Added]
Confidential
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119
GS $
122
GS /
(added)
125
•In standard mode, ... (added)
•In page mode, ... (added)
GS L [Notes]
•This command has, ... (added)
GS P (corrected)
126
GS W (corrected)
128
GS \
(added)
76
CAN
(added)
App.4
Table
124
App.10-A
pp.12
I
CHANGED CONTENTS
23
87
101
[Notes]
(changed)
APPENDIX F (added)
2.1.3.1 Specifications
Connecting method: (added)
ESC & [Range] 0 ≤ x ≤ 6 (When Font C …) (added)
[Notes] …. However, font C is always … (added)
ESC M (added)
TITLE
TM-U590 series
Specification
(STANDARD)
Confidential
CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT
BY USING THIS DOCUMENT, YOU AGREE TO ABIDE BY THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT. PLEASE
RETURN THIS DOCUMENT IMMEDIATELY IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS.
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EPSON® and ESC/POS® are registered trademarks of Seiko Epson Corporation.
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GENERAL FEATURES
The TM-U590 is a high-quality POS printer that can print on slip paper.
following models of the TM-U590 series printer:
TM-U590
TM-U590P
TM-U590
TM-U590P
This specification applies the
(with serial interface)
(with parallel interface)
(supporting print Multilingual characters print with serial interface) (*1)
(supporting print Multilingual characters print with parallel interface)
The printer has the following features:
• Wide slip paper capability (maximum characters per line:
88 with 7 x 9 font).
• Copy printing is possible.
• High throughput using bidirectional, minimum distance printing.
• EPSON customer display series connection (DM-D). (Available only for serial interface model)
®
• Command protocol based on the ESC/POS standard.
• Automatic Status Back (ASB) function that automatically transmits changes in the printer status.
• Selectable receive buffer size (45 bytes or 4K bytes).
NOTE
*1: The term “Multilingual characters” means the printer can print with one of the following:
Japanese, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, or Thai. In this specification, Kanji
means Japanese, Simplified Chinese, and Traditional Chinese.
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Table of Contents
1. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................................................................1
1.1 Printing Specifications....................................................................................................................1
1.2 Character Specifications ................................................................................................................1
1.3 Ribbon............................................................................................................................................3
1.4 Paper Feed and Paper Specification .............................................................................................3
1.5 Printable Area ................................................................................................................................6
1.6 Internal Buffer ................................................................................................................................8
1.7 Electrical Characteristics................................................................................................................8
1.8 EMI and Safety Standards Applied ................................................................................................8
1.9 Reliability........................................................................................................................................9
1.10 Environmental Conditions ............................................................................................................9
1.11 Installation ..................................................................................................................................10
2. CONFIGURATION .............................................................................................................................11
2.1 Interface .......................................................................................................................................11
2.1.1 RS-232 serial interface ........................................................................................................11
2.1.2 IEEE 1284 Bidirectional Parallel Interface(Parallel Interface Specifications) ......................16
2.1.3 RS-485 Serial Interface .......................................................................................................23
2.2 Connectors...................................................................................................................................28
2.2.1 Interface Connectors ...........................................................................................................28
2.2.2 Power Supply Connector .....................................................................................................28
2.2.3 Drawer Kick-out Connector (Modular Connector) ...............................................................29
2.2.4 Customer Display Connector (Available only for serial interface model).............................31
3. FUNCTIONS.......................................................................................................................................32
3.1 Command List..............................................................................................................................32
3.2 Character Code Tables................................................................................................................35
3.2.1 Page 0 (PC437: USA, Standard Europe) (International Character Set: U.S.A.) .................35
3.2.2 Page 1 (Katakana)...............................................................................................................36
3.2.3 Page 2 (PC850: Multilingual) ...............................................................................................37
3.2.4 Page 3 (PC860: Portuguese) ..............................................................................................38
3.2.5 Page 4 (PC863: Canadian-French) .....................................................................................39
3.2.6 Page 5 (PC865: Nordic) ......................................................................................................40
3.2.7 Page 6 (Hiragana) (Available on Japanese supporting model) ...........................................41
3.2.8 Page 7 (One-pass printing Kanji characters) (Available on Japanese model) .................42
3.2.9 Page 8 (One-pass printing Kanji characters) (Available on Japanese model) .................43
3.2.10 Page19 (PC858: Euro) ......................................................................................................44
3.2.11 Page 20 (Thai Character Code 42) ...................................................................................45
3.2.12 Page 21 (Thai Character Code 11) ...................................................................................46
3.2.13 Page 22 (Thai Character Code 13) ...................................................................................47
3.2.14 Page 23 (Thai Character Code 14) ...................................................................................48
3.2.15 Page 24 (Thai Character Code 16) ...................................................................................49
3.2.16 Page 25 (Thai Character Code 17) ...................................................................................50
3.2.17 Page 26 (Thai Character Code 18) ...................................................................................51
3.2.18 Page 255 (Space Page) ....................................................................................................52
3.2.19 International Character Set................................................................................................53
3.3 Switches and Buttons ..................................................................................................................54
3.3.1 Power Button .......................................................................................................................54
3.3.2 Panel Buttons ......................................................................................................................54
3.3.3 DIP Switches .......................................................................................................................55
3.4 Panel LED Indicators ...................................................................................................................58
3.5 Self-test........................................................................................................................................60
3.6 Hexadecimal Dumping.................................................................................................................60
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3.7 Error Processing ..........................................................................................................................62
3.7.1 Error Types ..........................................................................................................................62
3.7.2 Printer Operation When an Error Occurs ............................................................................63
3.7.3 Data Receive Error ..............................................................................................................64
3.8 Paper Sensors .............................................................................................................................64
3.8.1 Sensors and LED Indicators................................................................................................64
3.8.2 Sensors and Printing ...........................................................................................................64
3.9 Printer Cover Sensors..................................................................................................................65
3.9.1 Cover Open Sensor .............................................................................................................65
3.9.2 Opening/Closing the Front Cover ........................................................................................65
3.10 Print Buffer-full Printing ..............................................................................................................65
3.11 Paper Jam Removal ..................................................................................................................65
3.12 Page Mode.................................................................................................................................66
3.12.1 General Description...........................................................................................................66
3.12.2 Page mode limitations in slip printing (only for ANK model)..............................................67
3.12.3 Setting Values in Standard and Page Modes ....................................................................67
3.12.4 Formatting of Print Data in the Printable Area...................................................................68
4. CASE SPECIFICATIONS...................................................................................................................70
4.1 External Dimensions and Mass ...................................................................................................70
4.2 Color ............................................................................................................................................70
4.3 External Appearance ...................................................................................................................70
5. OPTIONS AND CONSUMABLES ......................................................................................................71
5.1 Standard Accessories ..................................................................................................................71
5.2 Options.........................................................................................................................................71
5.3 Consumables ...............................................................................................................................71
6. COMMANDS ......................................................................................................................................72
6.1 Command Notation ......................................................................................................................72
6.2 Explanation of Terms ...................................................................................................................72
6.3 Control Commands ......................................................................................................................74
HT ..............................................................................................................................................74
LF...............................................................................................................................................74
FF...............................................................................................................................................75
CR..............................................................................................................................................75
CAN ...........................................................................................................................................76
DLE EOT n.................................................................................................................................76
DLE ENQ n ................................................................................................................................80
DLE DC4 n m t (when n = 1)......................................................................................................81
DLE DC4 n d1...d7 (when n = 8) .............................................................................................82
ESC FF ......................................................................................................................................83
ESC SP n...................................................................................................................................83
ESC ! n.......................................................................................................................................84
ESC $ nL nH ..............................................................................................................................85
ESC % n ....................................................................................................................................86
ESC & y c1 c2 [x1 d1...d(y × x1)]...[xk d1...d(y × xk)] ................................................................87
ESC ∗ m nL nH d1 ... dk ............................................................................................................89
ESC - n .....................................................................................................................................90
ESC 2.........................................................................................................................................91
ESC 3 n......................................................................................................................................91
ESC <.........................................................................................................................................92
ESC = n......................................................................................................................................92
ESC ? n......................................................................................................................................94
ESC @ .......................................................................................................................................94
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ESC C n .....................................................................................................................................95
ESC D n1 ... nk NUL ..................................................................................................................96
ESC E n .....................................................................................................................................97
ESC F ........................................................................................................................................97
ESC G n.....................................................................................................................................98
ESC J n......................................................................................................................................98
ESC K n .....................................................................................................................................99
ESC L.......................................................................................................................................100
ESC M......................................................................................................................................101
ESC R n ...................................................................................................................................101
ESC S ......................................................................................................................................102
ESC T n ...................................................................................................................................103
ESC U n ...................................................................................................................................104
ESC V n ...................................................................................................................................105
ESC W xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH ....................................................................................106
ESC \ nL nH .............................................................................................................................108
ESC a n....................................................................................................................................109
ESC c 3 n.................................................................................................................................110
ESC c 4 n.................................................................................................................................111
ESC c 5 n.................................................................................................................................112
ESC d n....................................................................................................................................112
ESC e n....................................................................................................................................113
ESC f t1 t2................................................................................................................................114
ESC p m t1 t2...........................................................................................................................115
ESC q.......................................................................................................................................115
ESC t n.....................................................................................................................................116
ESC { n ....................................................................................................................................117
GS ! n.......................................................................................................................................118
GS $ nL nH ..............................................................................................................................119
GS ∗ x y d1 ... d(x × y × 8) .......................................................................................................120
GS ( A pL pH n m.....................................................................................................................121
GS / m......................................................................................................................................122
GS I n.......................................................................................................................................123
GS L nL nH ..............................................................................................................................124
GS P x y...................................................................................................................................125
GS W nL nH.............................................................................................................................126
GS \ nL nH ...............................................................................................................................128
GS a n......................................................................................................................................129
GS r n.......................................................................................................................................133
6.4 Kanji Control Commands (only for Multilingual Model) ..............................................................135
FS ! n .......................................................................................................................................135
FS & .........................................................................................................................................136
FS - n .......................................................................................................................................136
FS . ..........................................................................................................................................137
FS 2 c1 c2 d1...dk ....................................................................................................................137
FS C n......................................................................................................................................139
FS S n1 n2 ...............................................................................................................................140
FS W n.....................................................................................................................................141
APPENDIX A: MISCELLANEOUS NOTES ................................................................................. App.1
APPENDIX B: REPLACING THE RIBBON CASSETTE ............................................................. App.3
APPENDIX C: TRANSMISSION STATUS IDENTIFICATION..................................................... App.4
APPENDIX D: CONFIGURING THE SPACE PAGE ................................................................... App.5
APPENDIX E: NOTES ON USING THE DRAWER KICK-OUT CONNECTOR .......................... App.9
APPENDIX F: EXAMPLE PRINTING IN PAGE MODE ............................................................. App.10
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1. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
1.1 Printing Specifications
1) Printing method:
Serial impact dot matrix
2) Head wire configuration: 9-pin vertical line, wire pitch 0.353 mm {1/72"}
3) Head wire diameter:
0.29 mm {.01"}
4) Printing direction:
Bidirectional, minimum distance printing
5) Printing speed:
Refer to Table 1.2.1
6) Characters per line:
Refer to Table 1.2.1
7) Characters per inch:
Refer to Table 1.2.1
8) Kanji characters print:
Unidirectional two-pass printing
1.2 Character Specifications
1) Number of characters:
Alphanumeric characters: 95
International characters: 32
Extended graphics:
128 × 10 pages
(including one space page)
The multilingual character model supports printing with one of the
following characters:
➀ Japanese (Two-pass printing font)
JIS (JIS X0208-1990) Level 1, Level 2
➁ Simplified Chinese (Two-pass printing font)
7580 (GB2312)
➂ Traditional Chinese (Two-pass printing font)
13494 (Big 5)
➃ Thai (3-pass printing font)
128 characters × 7 pages (133 character types)
2) Character structure:
Font A: 9 × 9 3-dot spacing (in half dot units)
Font B: 7 × 9 2-dot spacing (in half dot units)
Font C: 5 × 9 1-dot spacing (in normal dot units) (*1)
Kanji : 16 × 16 Left 0-dot, Right 2-dot spacing (in half dot units)
Thai:
Font A: 9 × 27 3-dot spacing (in half dot units)
Font B: 7 × 27 2-dot spacing (in half dot units)
Larger spacing can be changed by using ESC SP or FS S.
*1: Font C is supported in all models except the multilingual
model. Font C is automatically selected by the printer itself
when the page mode is selected or when 90° clockwise
rotation is selected in the standard mode.
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3) Character size:
Refer to Table 1.2.1
Table 1.2.1 Characters Per Inch, Characters Per Second, Characters Per Line, Character Size
Character
Structure
Character
(Horizontal dots Spacing
Font
Type
× vertical dots)
Character
Intervals
(mm)
Characters Per
Second (cps)
(Carriage moving
speed)
Characters Characters Size
(units: mm)
Per Line
(cpl)
Width × Height
Font A
9×9
half dots
3 half dots
2.03
233
66
1.6 × 3.1
Font B
7×9
half dots
2 half dots
1.52
311
88
1.3 × 3.1
Font C
5×9
normal dots
1 normal
dot
2.03
233
66
1.6 × 3.1
Kanji
16 × 16 (*1)
half dots
2 half dots
3.06
45
44
2.7 × 2.9
Thai Font A
9 × 27
half dots
3 half dots
2.03
77
66
1.6 × 9.5
Thai Font B
7 × 27
half dots
2 half dots
1.52
103
88
1.3 × 9.5
(*1)
Kanji character spacing at default setting is 2 half dots. (Kanji character spacing can be
changed by FS S.)
Pointing speed for Kanji characters shown in table above is the case of full column printing
with two-pass printing.
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1.3 Ribbon
1) Type:
Exclusive cassette ribbon
2) Ribbon cassette specifications:
Part number
ERC-31 (P)
Color
Purple
Ribbon life (*)
7,000,000 characters
(*): when one character consists of 18 dots
3) Ribbon cassette overall dimensions (refer to Figure 1.3.1)
85.5
200
17
28
28
[ Units: mm (All the numeric values are typical.) ]
Figure 1.3.1 Ribbon Cassette Overall Dimensions
NOTE: If you use ribbon cassettes other than those specified, damage may occur. Seiko Epson
will not be held responsible for problems arising from the above.
1.4 Paper Feed and Paper Specification
1) Paper feed method:
Friction feed
2) Paper feed pitch:
Default 4.23 mm {1/6"}
Programmable by control command in 0.176 mm {1/144"}
units.
3) Paper feed speed:
Approximately 60.3 ms/line (4.23 mm {1/6"} feeding)
Approximately 86.4 mm/s {3.4"/s} (continuous feeding)
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4) Paper size:
a) Paper type:
• Normal paper
• Carbon copy paper
• Pressure sensitive paper
b) Total thickness:
0.09 to 0.36 mm {.0035 to .0141"} (Refer to e).)
c) Size (W × L):
70 × 70 mm to 210 × 297 mm (A4 size)
{2.76 × 2.76" to 8.27 × 11.69"}
d) Ambient temperature and copy capability
Copy capability is greatly influenced by the ambient temperature, so printing must be
performed under the conditions described in Table 1.1.2.
Table 1.1.2 Relationship between Ambient Temperature and Number of Copies
Number of copies
Ambient temperature
Original + 4 copies
Approx. 20° to 45°C {68° to 113°F}
Original + 1 to 3 copies
5 to 45°C {41° to 113°F}
e) Copy capability and paper thickness:
① Normal paper (single-ply):
0.09 to 0.2 mm {.0035 to .0079"}
② Carbon copy paper combination:
5 sheets maximum
(original + 4 copies, at 20° to 45°C {68° to 113°F})
• Backing paper:
0.06 to 0.15 mm {.0023 to .0059"}
• Copy and original:
0.04 to 0.07 mm {.0015 to 0028"}
• Carbon paper:
Approximately 0.035 mm {.0014"}
• Total thickness:
0.30 mm {.0118"} or less (for any combination from a
single original to an original + 3 copies)
0.36 mm {.0141"} or less (for any combination from a
single original to an original + 4 copies)
③ Pressure sensitive paper:
• Backing paper:
5 sheets maximum
(original + 4 copies, at 20° to 45°C {68° to 113°F})
0.06 to 0.15 mm {.0023 to .0059"}
• Copy and original:
0.06 to 0.075 mm {.0023 to .003"}
• Total thickness:
0.24 mm {.0094"} or less (original to original + 3 copies)
0.30 mm {.0118"} or less (original + 4 copies)
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NOTES: • When using multi-ply paper that consists of an original and three copies, be sure to
print with a 9 × 9 font. If a 7 × 9 font is used, some characters on some of the copies
may not be readable.
• In the same way, when printing Kanji characters which consist of many lines, be sure
to consider that some of characters may not be readable regardless of number of the
copies.
5) Notes on slip paper
• The slip paper must be flat, without curls or wrinkles, especially at the top edges.
Otherwise, the paper may rub against the ribbon and become dirty.
• There must be no glue on the bottom edge of slip paper. Choose slip paper carefully when
the glue is on the right or top edge, since paper feeding and insertion are affected by gluing
conditions (e.g., glue quality, method, and length) and glue location (refer to Figure 1.4.1).
Be especially careful when slip paper is wide and has the glue on the left edge, since skew
may occur.
• Since the BOF sensor uses a photo sensor, do not use paper that has holes at the sensor
position, or is translucent.
• Since the TOF sensor uses a reflective photo sensor and it detects from the back of slip
paper, do not use paper that has holes or dark portions with low reflection (less than 40%
reflection) at the sensor position.
• Use thinner paper (N30 or equivalent) between the top and bottom sheets of multi-ply
paper. If thick paper is used, the copy capability is lowered.
Paper feed direction
Glued ponion
Figure 1.4.1 Slip Paper Glued Area
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1.5 Printable Area
Top
margin
Top margin
18.9+1/-3
18.9
ABC
XYZ
5.0
135.6
abc
xyz
Bottom
margin
Bottom margin
18.4±2
18.4
[ Units: mm (All the numeric values are typical.)]
Figure 1.5.1 Slip Paper Printable Area
The top margin can be set to a minimum of 5 mm {0.19"} by using a command to feed the paper
backward.
NOTES:
1. All the numeric values are typical; therefore, there may be variations depending on paper
setting and insertion.
2. When inserting slip paper, be sure to use the slip side guide and form stopper. If you insert
the slip paper exceeding the form stopper, the slip paper may be ejected.
3. Do not print on the slip paper in the reverse paper feed direction (in the front direction).
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31
30.1
8
Form stopper position
18.9
MICR head
1.8
1.3
TOF sensor
position
38.5
39
37.2
Center of the print head
18
Slip feeding roller
position
21.9
Slip side guide
Paper feed direction
BOF sensor
3.6
[Units: mm (All the numeric values are typical.)]
Figure 1.5.2 Slip Sensor Positions
15
29
24
10
Area where paper holes are prohibited
and reflection rate for the back of
paper should be 40% or more.
Paper holes and translucence
prohibited area.
Paper feed direction
[ Units: mm (All the numeric values are typical.) ]
Figure 1.5.3 Paper Holes and Low Reflection Prohibited Area
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1.6 Internal Buffer
1) Receive buffer: selectable as 69 bytes or 4K bytes using the DIP switch.
2) User-defined buffer (both for user-defined characters and user-defined bit images):
5K bytes
1.7 Electrical Characteristics
1) Supply voltage: +24 VDC ± 10% (optional power supply: EPSON PS-170)
2) Current consumption (at 24V except for drawer kickout driving)
Operating:
Mean: Approximately 1.9A
(Character font A α-N all columns printing)
Peak: Approximately 8.0A (20 ms)
When the print platen is released: 2.0A (200 ms)
Standby:
Mean: Approximately 0.3A
1.8 EMI and Safety Standards Applied
(EMC is tested using the optional EPSON power supply)
Europe:
CE Marking
EN55022 Class B
EN55024
IEC61000-4-2
IEC61000-4-3
IEC61000-4-4
IEC61000-4-5
IEC61000-4-6
IEC61000-4-11
EN45501
Safety: EN60950
North America:
EMI: FCC/ICES-003 Class A
Safety: UL1950/CSA C22.2 No.950
Japan:
EMC: VCCI Class A
Oceania:
EMC: AS/NZS3548
Taiwan:
EMC Class B
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Conditions of Acceptability
1) This component has been judged on the basis of the required spacings in the Standard for
Information Technology Equipment, Including Electrical Business Equipment, UL1950 and
CSA C22.2 No.950, Sub-Clause 2.9, which would cover the component itself if submitted for
Listing.
2) This unit is intended to be supplied by a SELV circuit only.
3) The terminals and connectors have not been evaluated for field wiring.
4) Interface connectors (DK, DM-D) are not intended for TNV connection.
1.9 Reliability
1) Life (When printing alphanumeric characters)
Mechanism:
12,000,000 lines
End of life is defined to have reached the end of its life when it
reaches the beginning of the Wearout Period.
Print head:
200 million characters
(When printing with font B)
NOTE: Printing pattern: Average 2 dots / wire per character
This printer has nine wire (dots) vertically and prints characters moving
horizontally. If one wire prints repeatedly, the problem may occur.
Consider this when you use the printer.
Example:
If the characters which consists of the horizontally adjacent dots such
as "H", "L", "-", or " A" are repeatedly printed, the number of the printed
lines should be ten or less. If more than ten such lines need to be
printed, the printer should pause for a time longer the total printing time
for each 10 lines.
2) MTBF
180,000 hours
Failure is defined as Random Failure occurring at the time of the
Random Failure Period.
3) MCBF
29,000,000 lines
This is an average failure interval based on failures relating to
wear up to the life of 12 million lines.
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1.10 Environmental Conditions
1) Temperature:
Operating:
Storage:
5° to 45°C {41° to 113°F}
-10° to 50°C {14° to 122°F} (except for paper)
2) Humidity:
Operating:
Storage:
10 to 90% RH
10 to 90% RH (except for paper)
[% RH]
90
34 ˚C, 90 %
80
40 ˚C, 65 %
60
Relative humidity
Operating environment
range
40
45 ˚C, 50 %
20
10
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
[˚C]
Ambient
temperature
Figure 1.10.1 Operating Temperature and Humidity Range
3) Vibration resistance: When Packed:
Frequency:
Acceleration:
Sweep:
Duration:
Directions:
5 to 55 Hz
2
Approximately 19.6 m/s {2 G}
10 minutes (half cycle)
1 hour
x, y, and z
No external or internal damage should be found after the
vibration test, and the unit should operate normally.
4) Impact resistance:
When Packed:
Package:
Height:
Directions:
EPSON standard package
50 cm {19.69"}
1 corner, 3 edges, and 6 surfaces
No external or internal damage should be found after the
drop test, and the unit should operate normally.
When unpacked: Height:
Directions:
5 cm {1.97"}
Lift one edge and release it
(for all 4 edges).
When the printer is not printing, no external or internal damage
should be found after the drop test.
5) Acoustic noise:
Operating:
Approximately 65 dB
(Bystander position)
1.11 Installation
The TM-U590 series printer must be installed horizontally.
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2. CONFIGURATION
2.1 Interface
2.1.1 RS-232 serial interface
2.1.1.1 Specifications
Data transmission:
Serial
Synchronization:
Asynchronous
Handshaking:
DTR/DSR or XON/XOFF control
Signal levels:
MARK = -3 to -15 V: Logic "1"
SPACE = +3 to +15 V:
Logic "0"
Stop bits:
1 or more
Connector (printer side):
Female DSUB-25 pin connector
The data word length, baud rate, and parity depend on the DIP switch settings. (Refer to Section
3.3.3.) The stop bit for the printer side is fixed to 1.
2.1.1.2 Switching between online and offline
The printer does not have an online/offline switch. The printer goes offline:
1) Between when the power is turned on (including reset using the interface) and when the
printer is ready to receive data
2) During the self-test
3) When the cover is open
4) During paper feeding using the FORWARD/REVERSE button
5) When an error has occurred
6) When the power is out of range temporarily.
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2.1.1.3 Interface connector terminal assignments and signal functions
Interface connector terminal assignments and signal functions are described in Table 2.1.1.
Table 2.1.1 TM-U590 series Printer Status and Signals
Pin number Signal name
FG
2
Function
—
Frame ground
TXD
Output
Transmit data
3
RXD
Input
Receive data
4
RTS
Output
DIP SW 2-2 OFF: Same as DTR signal (Pin 20)
DIP SW 2-2 ON: Logical product of DTR signals of DM-D and
TM (If both are SPACE, the printer can
receive data (SPACE).)
6
DSR
Input
This signal indicates whether the host computer can receive
data.
SPACE indicates that the host computer can receive data, and
MARK indicates that the host computer cannot receive data.
When DTR/DSR control is selected, the printer transmits data
after confirming this signal (except when transmitting data by
DLE EOT, and GS a).
When XON/XOFF control is selected, the printer does not check
this signal.
Changing the DIP switch setting enables this signal to be used
as a reset signal for the printer (refer to Section 3.3.3).
The printer is reset when the signal remains MARK for
1 ms or more.
7
SG
—
Signal ground
20
DTR
Output
1) When DTR/DSR control is selected, this signal indicates
whether the printer is busy. SPACE indicates that the printer
is ready to receive data, and MARK indicates that the printer is
busy. The busy condition can be changed by using DIP SW
2-1 as follows (refer to Section 3.3.3):
Printer status
1. During the period from when the power is
turned on (including resetting using the
interface) to when the printer is ready to
receive data.
2. During the self-test.
Offline
1
Signal direction
3. When the cover is open.
4. During paper feeding using the
FORWARD/REVERSE button.
5. When an error has occurred.
6. When the receive buffer becomes full. (*1)
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ON
OFF
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
—
—
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
—
BUSY
BUSY
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Table 2.1.1 TM-U590 series Printer Status and Signals (Continued)
Pin number Signal name Signal direction
Function
2) When XON/XOFF control is selected:
The signal indicates whether the printer is correctly
connected and is ready to receive data. SPACE
indicates that the printer is ready to receive data. The
signal is always SPACE except in the following cases:
• During the period from when the power is turned on
to when the printer is ready to receive data
• During the self-test
25
INIT
Input
Changing the DIP switch setting enables this signal to be
used as a reset signal for the printer.
The printer is reset when the signal remains SPACE for
1 ms or more.
(*1) • When the remaining space in the receive buffer drops to 16 bytes, the printer status becomes
"buffer full" and it remains "buffer full" until the space in the receive buffer increases to 26
bytes.
• The printer ignores the data received when the remaining space in the receive buffer
is 0 bytes.
2.1.1.4 XON/XOFF transmit timing
When XON/XOFF control is selected, the printer transmits XON or XOFF signals as follows.
Transmit timing differs depending on the DIP SW2-1 setting.
Table 2.1.2 XON/XOFF Transmit Timing
DIP SW 2-1 status
ON
OFF
Printer status
XON transmission
① When the printer goes online after turning on the power Transmit Transmit
(or reset using interface)
Transmit Transmit
② When the receive buffer is released from the buffer
full state
—
Transmit
③ When the printer switches from offline to online
—
④ When the printer recovers from an error using the
DLE ENQ 1 or DLE ENQ 2 commands
XOFF Transmission ⑤ When the receive buffer becomes full
Transmit Transmit
—
⑥ When the printer switches from online to offline
NOTES: •
•
•
•
Transmit
Transmit
The XON code is <11>H and the XOFF code is <13>H.
In case ②, XON is not transmitted when the
In case ③, XON is not transmitted when the receive buffer is full.
In case ⑥, XOFF is not transmitted when the receive buffer is full.
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2.1.1.5 Notes on setting DIP switch 2-1 to ON
1) The printer mechanism stops but does not become busy when: an error has occurred, the
cover is open, or paper is fed using the FORWARD/REVERSE button.
2) When setting DIP switch 2-1 to ON to enable handshaking with the printer, be sure to check
the printer status using the GS a command and the ASB function. In this setting, the default
value of n for GS a is 2. The printer automatically transmits the printer status, depending on
online/offline changes.
3) When using DLE EOT and DLE ENQ, be sure that the receive buffer does not become full.
• When using a host that cannot transmit data when the printer is busy:
If an error has occurred, DLE EOT and DLE ENQ cannot be used when the printer is busy
due to a receive buffer-full state.
• When using a host that can transmit data when the printer is busy:
When the receive buffer becomes full while transmitting bit-image data, DLE EOT or DLE
ENQ used while sending the bit-image data is processed as bit-image data. The data
transmitted when the receive buffer is full may be lost.
Example of use:
Check the printer status using GS I or GS r after transmitting each line of data and use the
4K byte receive buffer. Transmit one line of data so that the receive buffer does not
become full.
2.1.1.6 Notes on Resetting the Printer Using the Interface
The printer can be reset using interface pins 6 and 25 by changing the DIP switch setting (refer to
Section 3.3.3, DIP switch 2).
Table 2.1.3 Reset Switching
Signal Line
DIP Switch
Reset Condition
Pin 6 (DSR)
DSW 2-7: ON
MARK level input
Pin 25 (INIT)
DSW 2-8: ON
SPACE or TTL-HIGH level input
To reset the printer, the following requirements must be satisfied.
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• DC characteristics:
Table 2.1.4 Reset DC Characteristics
Pin 6 (DSR)
Pin 25 (INIT)
Input HIGH voltage
VIH
-15 to -3 V
+2 to +15 V
Input LOW voltage
VIL
+3 to +15 V
-15 to + 0.8 V
Input HIGH current:
IIH
-5.3 mA (maximum)
1 mA (maximum)
Input LOW current:
IIL
-5 mA (maximum)
-2 mA (maximum)
Input impedance:
RIN
• AC characteristics:
Minimum reset pulse width:
3 kΩ (minimum)
TRS 1 ms (minimum)
• When using pin 6 (DSR) (DIP switch 2-7 is ON):
TRS
H
SPACE
L
MARK
Figure 2.1.1 Minimum Reset Pulse Width (pin 6)
• When using pin 25 (INIT) (DIP switch 2-8 is ON):
TRS
H
SPACE (H)
MARK (L)
L
Figure 2.1.2 Minimum Reset Pulse Width (pin 25)
NOTES: • When a signal that does not satisfy the requirements above is input, printer operation is not
guaranteed. When a signal is input to pin 25 (INIT) at the TTL level, the requirements above
must also be satisfied. Although a signal is input to pin 6 (DSR) at the TTL level, according to
the DC characteristics described above, the operation is not guaranteed and pin 6 cannot be
controlled.
• When pin 6 (DSR) and pin 25 (INIT) are open, the printer is operating.
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2.1.2 IEEE 1284 Bidirectional Parallel Interface(Parallel Interface Specifications)
Copyright© 1994 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc.
2.1.2.1 Compatibility Mode
(Data Transmission from Host to Printer: Centronics compatible)
(1) Specifications
Data transmission:
8-bit Parallel
Synchronization:
Externally supplied nStrobe signals
Handshaking:
nAck and Busy signals
Signal levels:
TTL compatible
Connector:
ADS-B36BLFDR176 (HONDA) or equivalent (IEEE 1284 Type B)
Reverse communication (Printer Host): Nibble or Byte Mode
(2) Switching between online and offline
The printer is not equipped with any online/offline switch. The printer is placed into offline status
in either of the followings:
1) When the power is turned on or until the printer becomes ready for data transmission after it
is initialized by the reset signal (nInit) from the interface.
2) During the self-test.
3) When the cover is open.
4) During paper feeding using the FORWARD/REVERSE button.
5) When the power is out of range temporarily.
6) When an error has occurred.
2.1.2.2 Reverse Mode (Data Transmission from Printer to Host)
The STATUS data transmission from the printer to the host is proceeded in the Nibble or Byte
mode.
• Description
This mode allows data transmission from the asynchronous printer under the control of the
host.
Data transmissions in the Nibble Mode are made via the existing control lines in units of four
bits (Nibble). In the Byte Mode, data transmissions are proceeded by making the eight-bits
data lines bidirectional.
The both modes fail to be proceeded concurrently with the Compatibility Mode, thereby
causing half duplex transmission.
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2.1.2.3 Interface Pin Assignments for Each Mode
Pin
Source
Compatibility Mode
Nibble Mode
Byte Mode
1
Host
nStrobe
HostClk
HostClk
2
Host/Ptr
Data0(LSB)
Data0(LSB)
Data0(LSB)
3
Host/Ptr
Data1
Data1
Data1
4
Host/Ptr
Data2
Data2
Data2
5
Host/Ptr
Data3
Data3
Data3
6
Host/Ptr
Data4
Data4
Data4
7
Host/Ptr
Data5
Data5
Data5
8
Host/Ptr
Data6
Data6
Data6
9
Host/Ptr
Data7(MSB)
Data7(MSB)
Data7(MSB)
10
Printer
nAck
PtrClk
PtrClk
11
Printer
Busy
PtrBusy/Data3, 7
PtrBusy
12
Printer
PError
AckDataReq/Data2, 6
AckDataReq
13
Printer
Select
Xflag/Data1, 5
Xflag
14
Host
nAutoFd
HostBusy
HostBusy
15
NC
ND
ND
16
GND
GND
GND
17
FG
FG
FG
Logic-H
Logic-H
Logic-H
19
GND
GND
GND
20
GND
GND
GND
21
GND
GND
GND
22
GND
GND
GND
23
GND
GND
GND
24
GND
GND
GND
25
GND
GND
GND
26
GND
GND
GND
27
GND
GND
GND
28
GND
GND
GND
29
GND
GND
GND
30
GND
GND
GND
18
Printer
31
Host
nInit
nInit
32
Printer
nFault
nDataAvail/Data0, 4
nDataAvail
GND
ND
ND
33
nInit
34
Printer
DK_STATUS
ND
ND
35
Printer
+5V
ND
ND
nSelectIn
1284-Active
1284-Active
36
Host
* NC: Not Connected
ND: Not Defined
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NOTES: 1. A prefix “n” to signal names refers to “L” active signals. To the host provided with none
of the signal lines listed above, both-way communication fails.
2. For interfacing, signal lines shall use twisted pair cables with the return sides
connected to signal ground level.
3. Interfacing conditions shall be all based on the TTL level to meet the characteristics
described below. In addition, both rise time and fall time of each signal shall be
0.5µs or less.
4. Data transmission shall not ignore the signal nAck or Busy. An attempt to transmit
data with either signal, nAck or Busy, ignored can cause lost data. (Data
transmissions to the printer shall be made after verifying the nAck signal or while the
Busy signal is at the “L” level.)
5. Interface cables shall be as minimum required short in length as possible.
2.1.2.4 Electrical Characteristics
DC Characteristics (Except Logic-H, +5 V signals)
Characteristics
Symbol
Specifications
Min
Max
*2.4 V
5.5 V
Conditions
Output HIGH voltage
VOH
*IOH=0.32 mA
Output LOW voltage
VOL
-0.5 V
*0.4 V
*IOL=-12 mA
Output HIGH current
IOH
0.32 mA
-
VOH=0.32 V
Output LOW current
IOL
-12 mA
-
VOL=0.4 V
Input HIGH voltage
VIH
2.0 V
-
Input LOW voltage
VIL
-
0.8 V
Input HIGH current
IIH
-
-0.32 mA
VIH=2.0 V
Input LOW current
IIL
-
12 mA
VIL=0.8 V
Logic-H Signal Sender Characteristics
Characteristics
Symbol
Specifications
Min
Max
Conditions
Output HIGH voltage
VOH
3.0 V
5.5 V
Output LOW voltage
VOL
-
2.0 V
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2.1.2.5 Data Receiving Timing (Compatibility Mode)
+5 V Signal Sender Characteristics
Characteristics
Specifications
Symbol
Min
Max
Conditions
Output HIGH voltage
VOH
*2.4 V
5.5 V
Output LOW voltage
VOL
-
- **
Output HIGH current
IOH
-
0.32 mA
Output LOW current
IOL
- **
-
DATA
*IOH=0.32 mA
While the power is OFF
VOH=2.4 V
While the power is OFF
Data n
Data n+1
nStrobe
tSetup
tSTB
tHold
Busy
Peripheral Busy
tReady
tBUSY
nAck
tReply
tACK
tnBUSY
tNext
** No guarantee is offered to VOL and IOL while the power is OFF.
Characteristics
Symbol
Specifications
Min[ns]
Max[ns]
Data Hold Time (host)
tHold
750
--
Data Setup Time
tSetup
750
--
tSTB
750
--
READY Cycle Idle Time
tReady
0
--
BUSY Output Delay Time
tBUSY
0
500
Data Processing Time
tReply
0
∞
ACKNLG Pulse Width
tACK
500
10 µs
BUSY Release Time
tnBUSY
0
∞
ACK Cycle Idle Time
tNEXT
0
*The printer latches data at a nStrobe ↓ timing
--
STROBE Pulse Width
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2.1.2.6 Notes on resetting the printer through the interface
When the printer is reset through the interface nInit signal (#31 pin) in Compatibility Mode, satisfy
the following characteristics, however, note that the reset signal is ignored in Reverse Mode (#36
pin nSelectIn (1284-Active:"H")).
DC Characteristics
TTL level
AC Characteristics
Minimum reset pulse width TR: 50 µs (minimum)
NSelectIn
(1284-Active)
min. 0
min. 1 ms
nInit
TR
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2.1.2.7 Reception of status from the printer through the bidirectional parallel interface
In the bidirectional parallel interface specifications, the printer status transmission is available by
using the both-way communication facility in the Nibble/Byte Modes in accordance with the IEEE
1284.
In this case, different from in the RS-232 serial interface specifications, the real-time interruptions
from the printer to the host are disabled and thus precautions must be taken to the followings.
1) Allowable capacity of the printer internal buffer is 99 bytes (except ASB status). The status
signals exceeding this capacity will be discarded. To prevent possible loss of status, the host
shall be ready for data acception (Reverse Mode).
2) When ASB is used, the host is preferably in the wait state for data acception (Reverse Idle
Mode). When this state is not available, the host shall enter the Reverse Mode to always
monitor the presence of data.
3) When ASB is used, preference shall be given to the ASB status for transmission over the
other status signals. Any accumulated ASB status signals left for transmission from the last
to the newest ASB status transmission shall be transmitted together at a time as one ASB
status showing the presence of change, followed by the latest ASB status.
Example:
In the normal (wait) state (when the TOF/BOF sensor detects that the paper
is present), the ASB status is configured as follows.
First Status
Second Status
Third Status
Fourth Status
0000 1000
0000 0000
0000 0000
0000 0000
When a sequence of operations are proceeded, the FORWARD/REVERSE
button is pressed and released, the following pieces of data are
accumulated.
First Status
Second Status
➀
Third Status Fourth Status
0000 1000
0000 0000
0000 0011
0000 0000
Near end detection
➁
0010 1000
0000 0000
0000 0011
0000 0000
FORWARD/REVERSE
button is pressed
➂
0000 1000
0000 0000
0000 0011
0000 0000
FORWARD/REVERSE
button is released
When the ASB status is received following this, a total of eight (8) bytes of
ASB will be transmitted as follows.
Accumulated ASB (①+②+③)
Accumulated ASB (①+②+③)
+
The latest ASB (③)
First Status
Second Status
Third Status
Fourth Status
0010 1000
0000 0000
0000 0011
0000 0000
First Status
Second Status
Third Status
Fourth Status
0010 1000
0000 0000
0000 0011
0000 0000
Fourth Status
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2.1.2.8 Notes on setting DIP switch 2-1 to ON
(1) The printer mechanism stops but does not become BUSY in the following cases:
• When an error occurs.
• When the cover is open.
• When paper is fed using the FORWARD/REVERSE button.
(2) When handshaking with the printer while using this switch setting, make sure to monitor the
printer with the GS a command and the ASB function.
With this switch setting, the default value of the GS a command n is 2. This automatically
transmits the printer status, depending on online/offline changes.
(3) When using the DLE EOT, DLE ENQ, or DLE DC4 command, make sure that the receive
buffer does not become full.
• Notes on using a host that cannot transmit data when the printer is BUSY:
If an error occurs when the receive buffer is full and the printer is BUSY, the DLE EOT,
DLE ENQ, and DLE DC4 commands cannot be used.
• Notes on using a host that can transmit data when the printer is BUSY:
If a DLE EOT, DLE ENQ, or DLE DC4 command is used while sending bit-image data,
and the receive buffer-full state is encountered during transmission of the data, the DLE
EOT, DLE ENQ, or DLE DC4 is processed as bit-image data.
In addition, the data transmitted during the receive buffer-full state may be lost.
Example of use:
Set the receive buffer to 4K bytes, and check the status with GS r for each line of
printing transmitted. Make sure that the data for printing each line does not cause the
printer to enter the receive buffer-full state.
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2.1.3 RS-485 Serial Interface
(RS-485 serial interface specification is a dealer option.)
2.1.3.1 Specifications (RS-485 compatible)
Data transmission:
Serial
Connecting method:
point to point
Synchronization:
Asynchronous
Handshaking:
Depend on the DIP switch settings
(DTR/DSR or XON/XOFF control)
Signal levels:
2.0 to 5.0 V: Logic 1
0.0 to 0.8 V: Logic 0
Baud rates:
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200 bps (bps: bits per second)
Data word lengths:
7 or 8 bits
Parity settings:
None, even, odd
Stop bits:
1 or more
Connector (printer side):
Female D-SUB25 pin connector
NOTES: • The handshaking data word length, baud rate, and parity depend on the DIP switch
(Refer to Section 3.3.3)
• Data transmitted from the printer has 1 stop bit (fixed).
DR1 > DR2 CS1 > CS2 indicates that:
Channel 1 is high.
Channel 2 is low.
DR1 < DR2 CS1 < CS2 indicates that:
Channel 2 is high.
Channel 1 is low.
Table 2.1.6 Signal Levels and Communication Control Functions
CS1
CS2
Function
H
L
Communication is available
L
H
Communication is not available
If the electric potential of CS1 is higher than that of CS2, the printer is ready for communication
(the host is ready to receive data). If the electric potential of CS1 is lower than that of CS2, the
printer is not ready for communication (the host is not ready to receive data).
Table 2.1.7 Signal Levels and Communication Control Functions
DR1
DR2
Function
H
L
Communication is available
L
H
Communication is not available
If the electric potential of DR1 is higher than that of DR2, the printer is ready for communication
(the host is ready to receive data). If the electric potential of DR1 is lower than that of DR2, the
printer is not ready for communication (the host is not ready to receive data).
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2.1.3.2 Switching between online and offline
The printer does not have an online/offline switch.
The printer goes offline:
1) Between when the power is turned on (including reset using the interface) and when the
printer is ready to receive data.
2) During the self-test.
3) When the cover is open.
4) When a temporary abnormality occurs in the power supply voltage.
5) When an error has occurred.
6) During paper feeding using the FORWARD/REVERSE button.
2.1.3.3 Interface pin assignments
Table 2.1.8 TM-U590 series Printer Status and Signals
Pin Number
Signal name
Signal direction
Function
1
FG
--
Frame ground
2
SD1
Output
Transmit data
3
SD2
Output
Transmit data
4
RD1
Input
Receive data
5
RD2
Input
Receive data
7
SG
--
Signal ground
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Table 2.1.8 TM-U590 series Printer Status and Signals (Continued)
8
9
Signal name
DR1
DR2
Signal direction
Output
Function
When DTR/DRS is selected, this signal indicates whether
the host computer is BUSY or READY.
1)DR1>DR2 indicates that the printer is READY and
DR1<DR2 indicates that the printer is BUSY. The BUSY
condition can be changed depending on the offline
conditions set by the DIP switches (refer to Section 3.3.3).
When the DTR/DSR control is selected, the printer
becomes the BUSY state (DR1<DR2) under the following
conditions.
DIP SW 2-1 status
Printer status
1. During the period from when the power is
turned on (including resetting using the
interface) to when the printer is ready to
receive data.
2. During the self-test.
3. When the cover is open.
Offline
Pin Number
4. During paper feeding using the
FORWARD/REVERSE button.
5. When a temporary abnormality occurs in
the power supply voltage.
6. When an error has occurred.
7. When the receive buffer becomes full.
ON
OFF
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
—
—
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
BUSY
2)When XON/XOFF control is selected:
The signal indicates whether the printer is correctly
connected and is ready to receive data. SPACE indicates
that the printer is ready to receive data. The signal is
always DR1>DR2 (READY) indicates that the printer is
ready to receive data. The signal is always DR1>DR2
except in the following cases:
• During the period from when the power is turned on to
when the printer is ready to receive data
• During the self-test
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Table 2.1.8 TM-U590 series Printer Status and Signals (Continued)
Pin Number
10
11
Signal name
Signal direction
CS1
CS2
Function
This signal indicates whether the host computer is BUSY or
READY.
CS1>CS2 indicates that the printer is READY and
CS1<CS2 indicates that the printer is BUSY.
Input
1)When DTR>DSR is selected:
The signal is checked and data is transmitted only when the
host is ready to receive data (READY) (except for
transmitted by DLE EOT or GS a).
2)When XON/XOFF control is selected:
Transmits data regardless of the status of this signal.
2.1.3.4 XON/XOFF transmit timing
Refer to Section 2.1.1.4.
For the DIP switch settings of the offline status, refer to Section 2.1.1.6.
2.1.3.5 Data format when using RS-485
Transmission data (8bits, none parity)
STAR T
STO P
H
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
L
Figure 2.1.5 RS-485 Communication data format
“H” indicates:
<Printer transmission data>
<Printer reception data>
SD1<SD2
RD1<RD2
“L” indicates:
<Printer transmission data>
<Printer reception data>
SD1<SD2
RD1<RD2
The transmission data is H = 1, L = 0
NOTE: This format is used when the UART for RS-232 is connected to the RS-485 driver.
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Table 2.1.11 Printer Reception Data Level
RD1
RD2
Read data
H
L
Receiving data line is low level
L
H
Receiving data line is high level
Table 2.1.12 Printer Transmission Data Level
RD1
RD2
Send data
H
L
Sending data line is low level
L
H
Sending data line is high level
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2.2 Connectors
14
25
1
8
1
2
6
3 1
1
13
Interface connector
Customer display(DM-D)
connector
Drawer kick-out
connector
Power supply
connector
Figure 2.2.1 Serial Interface Connector Panel External Appearance
Figure 2.2.2 Parallel Interface Connector Panel External Appearance
2.2.1 Interface Connectors
Refer to Section 2.1, Interface.
2.2.2 Power Supply Connector
This connector is used to connect the printer to an external power source.
1) Pin assignments:
Refer to Table 2.2.1.
2) Model:
Hosiden TCS7960-532010 or equivalent
Table 2.2.1 Power Supply Connector Pin Assignments
Pin Number
Signal Name
1
2
3
Shell
+24 VDC
GND
NC
Frame GND
Shell
Figure 2.2.3 Power Supply Connector
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2.2.3 Drawer Kick-out Connector (Modular Connector)
The pulse specified by ESC p is output to this connector. The host can confirm the status of the
input signal by using the DLE EOT, GS r, or GS a (ASB) commands.
1) Pin assignments:
Refer to Table 2.2.2
2) Connector model:
Printer side:
User side:
MOLEX 52065-6615 or equivalent
6-position 6-contact (RJ12 telephone jack)
Table 2.2.2 Drawer Kick-out Connector Pin Assignments
Pin Number
Signal Name
Direction
1
Frame GND
—
2
Drawer Kick-out drive signal 1
Output
3
Drawer open/close signal
Input
4
+24 V
5
Drawer Kick-out drive signal 2
6
Signal GND
—
Output
—
+24 V is output through pin 4 when the power is turned on. However, pin 4 must be used only
for the drawer.
1
6
Figure 2.2.4 Drawer Kick-out Connector
3) Drawer kick-out drive signal
Output signal:
Output voltage:
Approximately 24 V
Output current:
1 A or less
CAUTION: To avoid an overcurrent, the resistance of the drawer kick-out solenoid must be 24
Ω or more.
Output waveform:
Outputs the waveforms in Figure 2.2.5 to the points A and B
in Figure 2.2.6.
t1 (ON time) and t2 (OFF time) are specified by ESC p.
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t t1
1x x2 2msec
ms
t2
ms
tt2x
1xx22msec
Figure 2.2.5 Drawer Kick-out Drive Signal Output Waveform
4) Drawer open/close signal
Input signal level (connector pin 3): "L" = 0 to 0.8 V
"H" = 2 to 5 V
Drawer kick-out connector
1
F. G
With shielded
Drawer kick-out solenoid
2
A
3
P-GND
+24V
4
5
B
Drawer open/close switch
6
P-GND
Printer side
User side (Drawer kick-out side)
Figure 2.2.6 Drawer Circuitry
NOTES: 1.
2.
3.
4.
Two driver transistors cannot be energized simultaneously.
The driver must not be energized continuously.
Be sure to use the printer power supply (connector pin 4) for the drawer power source.
The resistance of the drawer kick-out solenoid must not be less than the specified (24 Ω).
Otherwise, an overcurrent could damage the solenoid.
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2.2.4 Customer Display Connector (Available only for serial interface model)
1) Model:
Receptacle:
MOLEX 52065-8845 or equivalent
2) Pin assignments:
Table 2.2.3 Customer Display Connector Pin Assignments
Pin Number
Signal Name
Direction
1
FG
—
2
N.C.
—
3
TXD
Output
4
DTR
Output
5
DSR
Input
6
SG
—
7
+24
—
8
PG
—
+24 V is always output through pin 7. The driving capability is 350 mA or less. Be sure not to
use customer displays other than Seiko Epson DM-D series.
1
8
Figure 2.2.7 DM-D Connector
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3. FUNCTIONS
3.1 Command List
{ indicates the corresponding command for all models.
∗ indicates the corresponding command for ANK model only.
Command
Command Classification
Name
Executing
Setting
HT
Horizontal tab
{
LF
Print and line feed
{
FF
Print and eject slip paper (in standard mode)
{
Print and return to standard mode (in page mode)
∗
CR
Print and carriage return
{
CAN
Cancel print data in page mode
∗
DLE EOT
Real-time status transmission
{
DLE ENQ
Real-time request to printer
{
DLE DC4
Generate pulse in real time
∗
Clear buffer(s)
{
ESC FF
Print data in page mode
∗
ESC SP
Set right-side character spacing
{
ESC !
Select print mode(s)
{
ESC $
Set absolute print position
ESC %
Select/cancel user-defined character set
{
ESC &
Define user-defined characters
{
ESC ∗
Select bit-image mode
ESC -
Turn underline mode on/off
{
ESC 2
Select default line spacing
{
ESC 3
Set line spacing
{
ESC <
Return home
ESC =
Select peripheral device
{
ESC ?
Cancel user-defined characters
{
ESC @
Initialize printer
ESC C
Set slip paper eject length
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Command
Command Classification
Name
Executing
Setting
ESC D
Set horizontal tab positions
{
ESC E
Turn emphasized mode on/off
{
ESC F
Set/cancel slip paper reverse eject
{
ESC G
Turn double-strike mode on/off
{
ESC J
Print and feed paper
{
ESC K
Print and reverse feed
{
ESC L
Select page mode
∗
ESC M
Select character font
{
ESC R
Select an international character set
{
ESC S
Select standard mode
ESC T
Select print direction in page mode
∗
ESC U
Turn unidirectional printing mode on/off
{
ESC V
Turn 90° clockwise rotation mode on/off
∗
ESC W
Set printing area in page mode
∗
ESC \
Set relative print position
ESC a
Select justification
{
ESC c 3
Select paper sensor(s) to output paper-end signals
{
ESC c 4
Select paper sensor(s) to stop printing
{
ESC c 5
Enable/disable panel buttons
{
ESC d
Print and feed n lines
{
ESC e
Print and reverse feed n lines
{
ESC f
Set slip paper wait time
ESC p
General pulse
{
ESC q
Release
{
ESC t
Select character code table
{
ESC {
Turn upside-down printing mode on/off
{
∗
{
{
NOTE: NV = non-volatile
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Command
Command Classification
Name
Executing
Setting
{
GS !
Select character size
GS $
Set absolute vertical print position in page mode
GS ∗
Define user-defined bit image
GS ( A
Execute test print
{
GS /
Print user-defined bit image
{
GS I
Transmit printer ID
{
GS L
Set left margin
{
GS P
Set horizontal and vertical motion units
{
GS W
Set printing area width
{
GS \
Set relative vertical print position in page mode
∗
GS a
Enable/disable Automatic Status Back (ASB)
{
GS r
Transmit status
{
∗
{
{
Kanji command list (when the Japanese, Simplified Chinese, or Traditional Chinese model is
used)
Command
Command Classification
Name
Executing
Setting
FS !
Set print mode(s) for Kanji characters
{
FS &
Select Kanji character mode
{
FS -
Turn underline mode on/off for Kanji characters
{
FS .
Cancel Kanji character mode
{
FS 2
Define user-defined Kanji characters
{
FS C
Select Kanji character code system
{
FS S
Set left- and right-side Kanji character spacing
{
FS W
Turn quadruple-size mode on/off for Kanji characters
{
<Fundamental calculation pitch>
The fundamental calculation pitch is used to set the minimum pitch by software instead of by
mechanical pitch. Using the fundamental calculation pitch minimizes dependence on the
mechanical pitch for setting, e.g., the paper feed amount, and enables the printing position to be
set in inches. (Refer to GS P.)
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3.2 Character Code Tables
3.2.1 Page 0 (PC437: USA, Standard Europe) (International Character Set: U.S.A.)
NOTE: The character code tables show only character configurations. They do not show the actual
print pattern.
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3.2.2 Page 1 (Katakana)
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3.2.3 Page 2 (PC850: Multilingual)
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3.2.4 Page 3 (PC860: Portuguese)
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3.2.5 Page 4 (PC863: Canadian-French)
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3.2.6 Page 5 (PC865: Nordic)
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3.2.7 Page 6 (Hiragana) (Available on Japanese model)
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3.2.8 Page 7 (One-pass printing Kanji characters)
(Available on Japanese model)
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3.2.9 Page 8 (One-pass printing Kanji characters)
(Available on Japanese model)
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3.2.10 Page19 (PC858: Euro)
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3.2.11 Page 20 (Thai Character Code 42)
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3.2.12 Page 21 (Thai Character Code 11)
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3.2.13 Page 22 (Thai Character Code 13)
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3.2.14 Page 23 (Thai Character Code 14)
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3.2.15 Page 24 (Thai Character Code 16)
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3.2.16 Page 25 (Thai Character Code 17)
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3.2.17 Page 26 (Thai Character Code 18)
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3.2.18 Page 255 (Space Page)
In the space page (page 255), the following font is defined as the default.
7 × 7 font (only when font 7 × 9 is selected. When 9 × 9 font is selected, character codes 80H
to FFH are all spaces.)
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3.2.19 International Character Set
ASCII code (Hex)
Country
23
24
40
5B
5E
60
7B
U.S.A
#
$
@
[
\
]
^
`
{
|
}
~
France
#
$
à
°
ç
§
^
`
é
ù
è
¨
Germany
#
$
§
Ä
Ö
Ü
^
`
ä
ö
ü
ß
U.K.
£
$
@
[
\
]
^
`
{
|
}
~
Denmark I
#
$
@
Æ
Ø
Å
^
`
æ
ø
å
~
Sweden
#
¤
É
Ä
Ö
Å
Ü
é
ä
ö
å
ü
Italy
#
$
@
°
\
é
^
ù
à
ò
è
ì
Spain I
Pt
$
@
¡
Ñ
¿
^
`
¨
ñ
}
~
Japan
#
$
@
[
¥
]
^
`
{
|
}
~
Norway
#
¤
É
Æ
Ø
Å
Ü
é
æ
ø
å
ü
Denmark II
#
$
É
Æ
Ø
Å
Ü
é
æ
ø
å
ü
Spain II
#
$
á
¡
Ñ
¿
é
`
í
ñ
ó
ú
Latin America
#
$
á
¡
Ñ
¿
é
ü
í
ñ
ó
ú
Korea
#
$
@
[
W
]
^
`
{
|
}
~
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3.3 Switches and Buttons
3.3.1 Power Button
The power button (a rocker switch) located on the lower left front of the printer turns the power on
or off. Turn on the power only after connecting the power supply.
3.3.2 Panel Buttons
All the panel buttons are disabled by ESC c 5.
1) RELEASE button (non-locking push button)
[Function]
Release paper
2) REVERSE button (non-locking push button)
[Function]
Reverse paper feeding for the line spacing set by ESC 2 and ESC 3
3) FORWARD button (non-locking push button)
[Function] Feed paper for the line spacing set by ESC 2 and ESC 3
Paper feed is not executed without paper.
When the printer cover is open, the REVERSE/FORWARD buttons will not
operate.
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3.3.3 DIP Switches
3.3.3.1 Serial interface specification
1) DIP switch 1: 8 switches
Table 3.3.1 DIP Switch 1
SW 1
Function
ON
OFF
1
Data receive error
Ignored
Prints '?'
2
Receive buffer capacity
69 bytes
4K bytes
3
Handshaking
XON/XOFF
DTR/DSR
4
Word length
7 bits
8 bits
5
Parity check
Yes
No
6
Parity selection
Even
Odd
7
Transmission speed selection. Refer to Table 3.3.2
8
Table 3.3.2 Transmission Speed
Transmission Speed (bps)
SW 1-7
SW 1-8
2400
ON
ON
4800
OFF
ON
9600
ON
OFF
19200
OFF
OFF
bps: bits per second
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2) DIP switch 2: 8 switches
Table 3.3.3 DIP Switch 2
SW 2
Function
ON
OFF
1
Handshaking (BUSY condition)
Receive buffer full
Offline or receive
buffer full
2
Customer display (DM-D) connection Connected
3
Undefined
Not connected
--
--
4
5
Internal use
Fixed to Off
6
Internal use
Fixed to Off
7
I/F pin 6 reset signal (*1)
Enabled
Disabled
8
IF pin 25 reset signal (*2)
Enabled
Disabled
(*1)(*2) With the RS-485 serial interface specification (dealer option), the DIP switches 2-7 and
2-8 are disabled.
NOTES: • Changes in DIP switch settings (excluding switches 2-7 and 2-8 interface reset
signals) are recognized only when the printer power is turned on or when the printer
is reset by using the interface. If the DIP switch setting is changed after the printer
power is turned on, the change does not take effect until the printer is turned on
again or is reset.
• If you turn on DIP switch 2-7 or 2-8 while the printer power is turned on, the printer
may be reset, depending on the signal state. DIP switches should not be changed
while the printer power is on.
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3.3.3.2 Parallel interface specification
Table 3.3.4 DIP Switch 1
SW
Function
ON
OFF
1
Automatic line feed
Always enabled
Always disabled
2
Receive buffer capacity
69 bytes
4K bytes
Undefined
---
---
3-8
Table 3.3.5 DIP Switch 2
SW
Function
ON
1
Handshaking (BUSY condition)
2
Reserved (Do not change settings)
3, 4
Undefined
5-7
Reserved (Do not change settings)
8
OFF
•Receive buffer full •Offline
•Receive buffer full
•Reading data
•Reading data
Fixed to Off
---
I/F pin 31 reset signal
(Do not change settings)
Fixed to Off
Fixed to On
NOTES: • Changes in DIP switch settings (excluding switch 2-8, interface reset signal) are
recognized only when the printer power is turned on or when the printer is reset by
using the interface. If the DIP switch setting is changed after the printer power is
turned on, the change does not take effect until the printer is turned on again or is
reset.
• DIP switch 2-8 is turned on while the printer power is turned on, the printer may be
reset, depending on the signal state. DIP switches should not be changed while the
printer power is on.
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3.4 Panel LED Indicators
1) Power supply (POWER) LED:
Green
On:
Power is stable.
Off:
Power is not stable.
2) Error (ERROR) LED:
Red
On:
Offline (except during paper feeding using the FORWARD and the
REVERSE buttons and during self test printing)
Off:
Normal condition
Blinking:
Error (refer to Section 3.7)
3) RELEASE LED:
Green
On:
The print platen and paper feed roller are released.
Off:
The print platen and paper feed roller are clamped together.
(During printing on slip paper.)
Blinking
Waiting for continuous self test printing or macro execution standby state
4) SLIP LED:
Green
On:
Always On except Off or blinking status.
Off:
When ejecting a slip paper.
Blinking:
Slip insertion/removal waiting
POWER
ERROR
RELEASE
SLIP
FORWARD
REVERSE
RELEASE
Figure 3.4.1 Panel Switches and Indicators
Blinking:
Slip insertion waiting state
Figure 3.4.2
Approximately 160
[Units: ms]
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Blinking:
Slip removal waiting state or personal check removal waiting state
Approximately 160
Approximately 2080
[Units: ms]
Figure 3.4.3
Blinking:
Personal check insertion waiting state
Approximately 160
Approximately 1760
[Units: ms]
Figure 3.4.4
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3.5 Self-test
1) The printer has a self-test function that checks the following:
• Control circuit functions
• Printer mechanisms
• Print quality
• Control software version
• DIP switch settings
2) Starting the self-test
To start the self-test on slip paper, hold down the REVERSE button and turn on the printer
with the cover closed. The printer enters the paper insertion waiting state. Insert slip
paper to begin printing the printer status.
3) Self-test standby state
After printing the current printer status, the printer ejects the slip and waits for the next slip
paper to be inserted.
4) Ending the self-test
After a number of lines are printed, the printer indicates the end of the self-test by printing
"*** completed ***", initializes, and goes to the normal mode.
The printer then prints the current printer status.
3.6 Hexadecimal Dumping
1) Hexadecimal dumping function
This function prints the data transmitted from the host computer in hexadecimal numbers
and in its corresponding characters.
2) Starting hexadecimal dumping
Open the cover and turn the power on while pressing the REVERSE button, then close the
cover. The printer first prints "Hexadecimal Dump" on a validation paper and prints the
received print data in hexadecimal numbers and in its corresponding characters.
NOTES: • If no characters correspond to the data received, the printer prints ".".
• During hexadecimal dumping, any commands other than DLE EOT and
DLE ENQ do not function.
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3) Ending hexadecimal dumping
Hexadecimal dumping ends by turning the power off or resetting the printer after printing
has finished.
<Printing example>
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3.7 Error Processing
3.7.1 Error Types
1) Errors that have the possibility of recovery
Table 3.7.2 Errors That Can Possibly Recover
ERROR LED Blinking Pattern
Error
Description
Recovery
160 msec
Home position The home position
detection error cannot be detected
due to a paper jam.
Recovers by DLE ENQ 1 or
DLE ENQ 2.
Carriage
The carriage is
detection error malfunctioning due
to a paper jam, etc.
Recovers by DLE ENQ 1 or
DLE ENQ 2.
Front cover
open error
Printing on the slip
is not performed
correctly due to a
cover-open
Recovers by DLE ENQ 1 or
DLE ENQ 2 with the cover
closed.
Slip ejection
error
The slip is not
ejected when the
printer feeds a
specified amount
of paper.
Recovers by DLE ENQ 1 or
DLE ENQ 2.
NOTES: • Errors that have the possibility of recovery are recovered by DLE ENQ 1 or DLE ENQ 2.
• When the printer recovers from an error using DLE ENQ 1 the printer first ejects the slip, then
loads paper. However, when the printer recovers from a slip ejection error, the printer only
ejects the slip and does not load paper.
• When the printer recovers from an error using DLE ENQ 2 the printer ejects the slip and does
not wait the paper insertion.
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2) Errors that are impossible to recover
Table 3.7.3 Unrecoverable Errors
ERROR LED Blinking Pattern
Error
Description
Recovery
160 msec
R/W error in
memory or
gate array
After R/W
checking, the
printer does not
work correctly.
Impossible to recover.
High voltage
error
The power supply
voltage is
extremely high. (*)
Impossible to recover.
Low voltage
error
The power supply
voltage is
extremely low. (*)
Impossible to recover.
CPU
execution
error
•
The CPU
executes an
incorrect
address.
Impossible to recover.
•
I/F board is not
connected.
•
There is an
abnormality in
the print head
temperature,
thermistor is
detected
in-correctly, of
thermistor wiring
is not connected.
Thermistor
error
Impossible to recover.
(*) Refer to Appendix A.
NOTE: When any error shown above occurs, turn off the power as soon as possible.
3.7.2 Printer Operation When an Error Occurs
The printer executes the following operations when detecting an error.
• Stops all printer operations for the selected paper section.
• Goes offline.
• Blinks the ERROR LED.
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3.7.3 Data Receive Error
If one of the following errors occurs during serial interface communication, the printer prints "?" or
ignores the data, depending on the setting of DIP switch 1-1.
• Parity error
• Framing error
• Overrun error
3.8 Paper Sensors
The printer has two paper sensors as follows:
• TOF (Top of Form) sensor
• BOF (Bottom of Form) sensor
3.8.1 Sensors and LED Indicators
1) TOF sensor
The slip insertion sensor is located in the slip paper path and detects the presence of slip
paper in the paper path. The SLIP LED indicator lights accordingly.
2) BOF sensor
The slip ejection sensor is located in the slip entrance and detects whether the paper is set
correctly and whether it is removed or not. The printer does not proceed to the next operation
until the paper has been removed. (The SLIP LED indicator continues blinking.)
3.8.2 Sensors and Printing
When the printer detects a paper near-end, it either stops or continues printing depending on the
ESC c 4 setting. The corresponding sensors are as follows:
• BOF sensor
• TOF sensor
When the BOF sensor is selected for printing stop, the BOF sensor detects a paper-end and the
printer prints data up to the end of the printable area, ejects the slip when all the next print data are
transmitted, and then waits for the slip to be removed. After the slip is removed, the printer enters
the paper insertion waiting state.
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3.9 Printer Cover Sensors
3.9.1 Cover Open Sensor
• The sensor detects opening/closing of the front cover. When the cover open is detected,
while printing, the printer releases the print platen immediately and stops the carriage
movements. The printer goes offline automatically. The printer is in the recovery error state
and the error LED blinks.
The printer goes online by closing the front cover. Even if the front cover is closed, the error
LED blinks. The printer can recover by sending an error recovery command. If the printer
continues printing, it starts printing the beginning of the line it was printing when the front
cover was opened. In this case, printing position may shift; therefore, it is recommended to
initialize the printer and resend the print data.
3.9.2 Opening/Closing the Front Cover
• The cover can be opened by pulling a hook on the left of the cover toward you. When you
close the cover, push the cover backward.
• When the cover open is detected by the cover open sensor, while printing, the printer
releases the print platen and stops carriage movements. If the front cover is opened during
printing, data lines are cut. Be sure not to open the front cover.
3.10 Print Buffer-full Printing
When subsequent data is received after the printer processes one line of data in the print buffer,
the printer automatically prints the processed line and feeds the paper by one line.
3.11 Paper Jam Removal
To remove jammed paper from the print head area, open the front cover.
NOTES:
• Since the print head becomes very hot just after printing, remove jammed paper only
after the print head cools sufficiently.
• The carriage moves to the specified position after the printer is reset. Do not touch
the carriage.
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3.12 Page Mode
3.12.1 General Description
The printer operates in two print modes: standard mode and page mode which are effective for
the model except for the multilingual model (ANK model). In standard mode, the printer prints and
feeds paper each time it receives print data or paper feed commands. In page mode, all the
received print data and paper feed commands are processed in the specified memory, and the
printer executes no operations. All the data in the memory is then printed when an ESC FF or FF
command is received.
For example, when the printer receives the data "ABCDEF" <LF> in standard mode, it prints
"ABCDEF" and feeds the paper by one line. In page mode, "ABCDEF" is written to the specified
area in memory, and the position in memory for the next print data is shifted by one line.
The ESC L command puts the printer into page mode, and all commands received thereafter are
processed in page mode. Executing an ESC FF command prints the received data collectively,
and executing an FF command restores the printer to standard mode after the received data is
printed collectively. Executing an ESC S command restores the printer to standard mode without
printing the received data in page mode; the received data is cleared from memory instead.
ESC FF
ESC L
Standard mode
Page mode
Printing
ESC S
FF
Printing
Figure 3.12.1 Shifting Between Standard Mode and Page Mode
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3.12.2 Page mode limitations in slip printing (only for ANK model)
Page mode can be performed only in ANK model.
Page mode in slip printing has the following limitations:
1) Half-dots are not usable
Page mode can handle only normal dots. Therefore, the Font A and B including half-dots,
user-defined characters including half-dots, and bit images cannot be specified. The printer
selects the Font C (5 × 9 dots) including normal dots automatically. Since setting values with
the ESC SP, ESC $, ESC \, ESC 3, ESC D, ESC J, ESC K, and ESC W commands uses
half-dot references, these values must be converted into values referenced to normal dots.
Under these conditions, displacement by one half-dot may occur. Therefore, the following
are invalid in page mode:
• 7 × 9 font specification using ESC ! or ESC M.
• Double-density bit image specification using ESC ∗.
• Double-density down-loaded bit image specification using GS /.
2) Double-strike printing is not permitted.
In page mode, data written twice to the same area is logically OR’ed before printing.
Therefore, double-strike mode cannot be used to emphasize characters.
3.12.3 Setting Values in Standard and Page Modes
1) The available commands and parameters are the same for both standard and page modes.
However, these values can be set independently in each mode for the ESC SP, ESC 2, and
ESC 3 commands. For these commands, different settings can be stored for each mode.
2) Although the maximum number of printable dots for a bit image is 800 in standard mode,
1804 half-dots can be printed in the y direction (paper feeding direction) in page mode. (This
is possible only when 1804 half-dots in the y direction have been specified using ESC W, and
the printing direction value n in the ESC T command is 1 or 3).
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3.12.4 Formatting of Print Data in the Printable Area
Formatting of print data in the printable area is performed as follows:
1) The printable area is set using ESC W. If all printing and feeding are complete before the
printer receives the ESC W command, the left side (as you face the printer) is taken as the
origin (x0, y0) of the printable area. The printable rectangular area is defined by the length
(dx dots) extending from and including the origin (x0, y0) in the x direction (perpendicular to
the paper feed direction), and by the length (dy dots) in the y direction (paper feed direction).
(If the ESC W command is not used, the printable area remains the default value.)
2) When the printer receives print data after ESC W sets the printable area and ESC T sets the
printing direction, the print data is formatted within the printable area so that point A in Figure
3.12.2 is at the beginning of the printable area as a default value. (When a character is
printed, point B is the baseline.)
Print data containing downloaded bit images is formatted so that the bottom point of the left
side of the image data (point B in Figure 3.12.2) is aligned with the baseline.
At the beginning of the printable area, if characters (such as double-height characters) higher
than normal size characters or downloaded bit image characters are received, any part of the
character higher than the normal-size character is not printed.
3) If the print data (including the space to the right of a character) exceeds the printable area
before the printer receives a command (e.g., LF or ESC J) that includes line feeding, a line
feed is executed automatically within the printable area. The print position, therefore, moves
to the beginning of the next line. The line feed amount depends on the values set by
commands (such as ESC 2 and ESC 3).
4) The default value of the line spacing for paper roll is set to approximately 4.23 mm {1/6"} and
corresponds to 12 dots. If print data for the next line contains extended characters that are
higher than double-height characters, or bit images taking up two or more lines, the amount
of line feeding may be insufficient, resulting in overlapping of the characters' higher-order
dots with the previous line. To avoid this, increase the amount of line spacing. The line
spacing requires 15 dots (30 pitch) or more (see Figure 3.12.2).
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Example
When printing a downloaded bit image of three bytes in the vertical direction, use the
following formula:
{number of vertical dots (8 × 3) - number of dots for feeding at the beginning of the printable
area (9)} × half-dot conversion (2) = 30
Therefore, 54 pitch (27 dots) are required for feeding.
Use the following commands:
ESC W xL, xH, yL, yH, dxL, dxH, dyL, dyH
ESC T n
ESC 3 30 ← Set line spacing to be added.
LF
GS/ 1
ESC 2 ← Reset the line spacing to approximately 4.23 mm {1/6"}.
NOTE: Vertical and horizontal motion units in paper roll are 1/360 in the vertical direction and
1/180 in the horizontal direction; therefore, the position you specify varies depending
on the printing direction. Setting the vertical motion unit to 1/180 using the GS P
command does not change the current print position.
y×8
x×8
(GS ∗ x y)
nL × 256 + nL
(ESC ∗ nL nH)
[Units: dot]
Figure 3.12.2 Downloaded Bit Image Developing Position
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4. CASE SPECIFICATIONS
4.1 External Dimensions and Mass
Height:
185 mm {7.28"}
Width:
252 mm {9.92"}
Depth:
205 mm {8.07"} (except for the protrusion)
Mass:
Approximately 5 kg {11.0 lbs}
(All the numeric values are typical.)
4.2 Color
EPSON standard color (ECW)
4.3 External Appearance
[Units : mm]
Materials for the external: 94V-0
Figure 4.3.1 External Appearance
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5. OPTIONS AND CONSUMABLES
5.1 Standard Accessories
• Exclusive ribbon cassette ERC-31(P)
• User's Manual
• I/F fixing screw (hexagonal millimeter screw)
• Power switch cover
5.2 Options
• External power supply PS-170
• Direct connection customer display DM-D series (DM-D102/DM-D203)
5.3 Consumables
• Ribbon Cassette
ERC-31(P)
ERC-31(B) (Life: 4,500,000 characters)
In Japan:
EPSON HANBAI Co., LTD.
In U.S.A.: EPSON America Inc.
In Europe: EPSON Europe B.V.
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6. COMMANDS
6.1 Command Notation
XXXX
[Name]
The name of the command.
[Format]
The code sequence.
ASCII indicates the ASCII equivalents.
Hex indicates the hexadecimal equivalents.
Decimal indicates the decimal equivalents.
[ ]k indicates the contents of the [ ] should be repeated k times.
[Range]
Gives the allowable ranges for the arguments.
[Description] Describes the function of the command.
[Notes]
Provides important information on setting and using the printer command, if
necessary.
[Default]
Gives the default values, if any, for the command parameters.
[Reference]
Lists related commands.
[Example]
Provides examples using the command.
The numbers denoted by < >H are hexadecimal.
The numbers denoted by < >B are binary.
The numbers denoted by < > are decimal.
6.2 Explanation of Terms
(1)
Reception buffer
The reception buffer is a buffer that stores, as is, the data received from the host (the
reception data). The reception data is stored in the reception buffer temporarily, and is then
processed sequentially.
(2)
Print buffer
The print buffer is a buffer that stores the image data to be printed.
(3)
Print buffer full
This is the state where the print buffer is full. If new print data is input while the print buffer is
full, the data in the print buffer is printed out and a line feed is executed. This is the same
operation as the LF operation.
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(4)
Start of line
The start of line state satisfies the following condition:
• There is no print data (including spaces and portions of data skipped due to HT) currently
in the print buffer.
• The print position is not specified by the ESC $ or ESC \ command.
(5)
Printable area
The maximum range within which printing is possible under the printer specifications. The
printable area for this printer is as follows:
① The length in the horizontal direction in standard mode:
Approximately 135.467 mm {800/150"}
➁ The length in the horizontal dimension in page mode: Approximately 135.467 mm {800/150"}
➂ The length in the vertical dimension in page mode: Approximately 318.206 mm {1804/144"}
(6)
Printing area
Printing range is set by the command. It must be printing area ≤ printable area.
(7)
Ignore
The state in which all codes, including parameters, are read in and discarded, and nothing
happens.
(8)
Inch
A unit of length. One inch is 25.4 mm.
(9)
MSB
Most Significant Bit
(10) LSB
Least Significant Bit
(11) Base line
Standard position when character data is stored in the print buffer.
A
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6.3 Control Commands
HT
[Name]
Horizontal tab
[Format]
ASCII
HT
Hex
09
Decimal
9
[Description] Moves the print position to the next horizontal tab position.
[Notes]
• Horizontal tab positions are set with ESC D.
• If the next horizontal tab position exceeds the printing area, the printer sets the
printing position to [Printing area width + 1].
• If this command is received when the printing position is at [printing area width +
1], the printer executes print buffer-full printing of the current line and horizontal
tab processing from the beginning of the next line.
• This command is ignored unless the next horizontal tab position has been set.
• The default setting of the horizontal tab position for the slip paper is font A (9 × 9)
every 8th character (9th, 17th, 25th, ... column).
[Reference]
ESC D
LF
[Name]
[Format]
Print and line feed
ASCII
LF
Hex
0A
Decimal
10
[Description] Prints the data in the print buffer and feeds one line based on the current line
spacing.
[Note]
This command sets the print position to the beginning of the line.
[Reference]
ESC 2, ESC 3, Appendix A.1
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FF
[Name]
[Format]
① Print and eject slip paper
② Print and return to standard mode in page mode
ASCII
FF
Hex
0C
Decimal
12
For ①
[Description] Prints the data in print buffer and ejects the slip paper.
[Notes]
• When the slip ejection length has been set by ESC C, the specified length is
ejected, regardless of the TOF and BOF sensors.
• The slip is ejected in the direction specified by ESC F.
• This command sets the print position to the beginning of the line.
[Reference] ESC C, ESC F
For ②
[Description] Prints the data in the print buffer collectively and returns to standard mode.
[Notes]
[Reference]
• This command is enabled only in page mode.
• The buffer data is deleted after being printed.
• The printing area set by ESC W is reset to the default setting.
• This command sets the print position to the beginning of the line.
ESC FF, ESC L, ESC S
CR
[Name]
Print and carriage return
[Format]
ASCII
CR
Hex
0D
Decimal
13
[Description]
Automatic line feed enabled
Automatic line feed disabled
Functions as same as LF
Prints the data in the print buffer and does not feed
the paper.
[Notes]
• This command sets the print starting position to the beginning of the line.
• With a serial interface model, this command executes the same operation as
when disabling the automatic line feed.
• With a parallel interface model.This command is set according to the DIP switch
1-1 setting.
[Reference]
LF
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CAN
[Name]
Cancel print data in page mode
[Format]
ASCII
CAN
Hex
18
Decimal
24
[Description] In page mode, deletes all the print data in the current printable area.
[Notes]
• This command is enabled only in page mode.
• If data that existed in the previously specified printing area also exists in the
currently specified printing area, it is deleted.
[Reference]
ESC L, ESC W
DLE EOT n
[Name]
Real-time status transmission
[Format]
ASCII
DLE
EOT
n
Hex
10
04
n
Decimal
16
4
n
[Range]
1 ≤ n ≤ 3, n = 5
[Description] Transmits the selected printer status specified by n in real time, according to the
following parameters:
[Notes]
n = 1:
Transmit printer status
n = 2:
Transmit offline status
n = 3:
Transmit error status
n = 5:
Transmit slip paper status
• The printer transmits the status without confirming whether the host computer
can receive data.
• The printer executes this command upon receiving it.
• This command is executed even when the printer is offline, the receive buffer is
full, or there is an error status with a serial interface model.
• With a parallel interface model, this command can not be executed when the
printer is busy. This command is executed even when the printer is offline or
there is an error status when DIP switch 2-1 is on with a parallel interface model.
• The status is transmitted whenever the data sequence of <10>H<04>Hn
(1 ≤ n ≤ 5) is received.
Example:
In ESC ∗ m nL nH d1 ... dk, d1=<10>H, d2=<04>H, d3=<01>H
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• This command should not be used within the data sequence of another
command that consists of 2 or more bytes.
Example:
If you attempt to transmit ESC 3 n to the printer, but DTR (DSR for the host
computer) goes to MARK before n is transmitted and then DLE EOT 3
interrupts before n is received, the code <10>H for DLE EOT 3 is processed
as the code for ESC 3 <10H>.
• When Auto Status Back (ASB) is enabled using the GS a command, the status
transmitted by the DLE EOT command and the ASB status must be
differentiated. Refer to Appendix C, Transmission Status Identification.
• This command is ignored when the printer is deselected by set peripheral device
command, ESC =.
• The printer transmits the current status. Each status is represented by one-byte
data.
n = 1: Printer status
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
1
On
02
2
Not used. Fixed to On.
2
Off
00
0
Drawer open/close signal is LOW (connector pin 3).
On
04
4
Drawer open/close signal is HIGH (connector pin 3).
Off
00
0
Online.
On
08
8
Offline.
4
On
10
16
Not used. Fixed to On.
5,6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
3
Bit 3:
• The printer enters offline when the printer cover is open while printing is stopped.
• The printer enters recoverable error status when cover is open during printing.
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n = 2: Offline status
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
1
On
02
2
Not used. Fixed to On.
2
Off
00
0
Cover is closed.
On
04
4
Cover is open.
Off
00
0
Paper is not being fed by using the FORWARD/REVERSE
button.
On
08
8
Paper is being fed by the FORWARD/REVERSE button.
4
On
10
16
Not used. Fixed to On.
5
Off
00
0
No paper-end stop.
On
20
32
Printing is being stopped.
Off
00
0
No error.
On
40
64
Error occurs.
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
3
6
7
Bit 5:
The printer does not enter offline when the printer detects paper end and printing
stops.
n = 3: Error status
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
1
On
02
2
Not used. Fixed to On.
2
Off
00
0
No mechanical error.
On
04
4
Mechanical error occurs.
3
--
--
--
Undefined.
4
On
10
16
Not used. Fixed to On.
5
Off
00
0
No unrecoverable error.
On
20
32
Unrecoverable error occurs.
6
--
--
--
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Bit 2:
Mechanical error indicates the home position detection error, carriage detection
error, slip paper ejection error, or cover open error during printing.
If these errors occur due to paper jams or the like, it is possible to recover by
correcting the cause of the error and executing DLE ENQ n (1 ≤ n ≤ 2). If an error
due to a circuit failure (e.g. wire break) occurs, it is impossible to recover.
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n = 5: Slip paper status
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
1
On
02
2
Not used. Fixed to On.
2
Off
00
0
Slip paper selected.
3
Off
00
0
Does not wait for slip paper insertion.
On
08
8
Waits for slip paper insertion.
4
On
10
16
Not used. Fixed to On.
5
Off
00
0
TOF sensor: paper present.
On
20
32
TOF sensor: paper not present.
Off
00
0
BOF sensor: paper present.
On
40
64
BOF sensor: paper not present.
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
6
7
Bit 3:
Becomes 0 (slip insertion is not waiting) just before the platen being closed after
detecting it.
Bit 5 and 6:
Transmit the current status of the slip sensors.
[Reference]
DLE ENQ, GS a, GS r, Appendix C
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DLE ENQ n
[Name]
Real-time request to printer
[Format]
ASCII
DLE
ENQ
n
Hex
10
05
n
Decimal
16
5
n
[Range]
n = 1, n = 2
[Description] Responds to a request from the host computer. n specifies the requests as follows:
n
Request
1
Recover from an error and restart printing from the line where the error occurred
2
Recover from an error aft clearing the receive and print buffers
[Notes]
[Reference]
• The printer starts processing data upon receiving this command.
• This command is executed even when the printer is offline, the receive buffer is
full, or there is an error status with a serial interface model.
• With a parallel interface model, this command can not be executed when the
printer is busy. This command is executed even when the printer is offline or
there is an error status when DIP switch 2-1 is on with a parallel interface model.
• The status is also transmitted whenever the data sequence of <10>H<05>Hn (1
≤ n ≤ 3) is received.
Example:
In ESC ∗ m nL nH d1 ... dk, d1=<10>H, d2=<05>H, d3=<01>H
• This command should not be contained within another command that consists of
two or more bytes.
Example:
If you attempt to transmit ESC 3 n to the printer, but DTR (DSR for the host
computer) goes to MARK before n is transmitted, and DLE ENQ 1 interrupts
before n is received, the code <10>H for ESC 3 is processed.
• DLE ENQ 1 starts printing from the line where an error occurred. This command
is available only for errors that have the possibility of recovery.
• When the printer recovers from a recoverable error using DLE ENQ 1 or DLE
ENQ 2, and slip paper is selected, the printer ejects the slip completely and is in
the slip waiting state.
• DLE ENQ 2 enables the printer to recover from an error after clearing the data in
the receive buffer and the print buffer. The printer retains the settings (by ESC !,
ESC 3, etc.) that were in effect when the error occurred. The printer can be
initialized completely by using this command and ESC @. This command is
enabled only for errors that have the possibility of recovery.
• When the printer is disabled with ESC = (Select peripheral device), the error
recovery functions are enabled, and the other functions are disabled.
DLE EOT
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DLE DC4 n m t (when n = 1)
[Name]
Generate pulse in real time
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
[Range]
n=1
m = 0, 1
1≤t≤8
DLE
10
16
DC4
14
20
n
n
n
m
m
m
t
t
t
[Description] Outputs the pulse specified by t to connector pin m as follows:
m
Connector pin
0
Drawer kick-out connector pin 2.
1
Drawer kick-out connector pin 5.
The pulse ON time is [t × 100 ms] and the OFF time is [t × 100 ms].
[Details]
• When the printer is in an error status when this command is processed, this
command is ignored.
• If a pulse is output to the connector pin specified while ESC p or DLE DC4 is
executed, this command is ignored.
• The printer executes this command upon receiving it.
• With a serial interface model, this command is executed even when the printer is
offline or the receive buffer is full.
• With a parallel interface model, this command cannot be executed when the
printer is busy. This command is executed even when the printer is offline or
there is an error status when DIP switch 2-1 is on.
• This command is effective even when the printer is disabled with ESC = (Select
peripheral device).
[Notes]
• If print data includes this command string, the printer performs this command.
The user must consider this.
• This command should not be used within the data sequence of another
command that consists of 2 or more bytes.
[Reference] ESC p
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DLE DC4 n d1...d7 (when n = 8)
[Name]
Clear buffer(s)
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
[Range]
n=8
d1 = 1, d2 = 3, d3 = 20, d4 = 1, d5 = 6, d6 = 2, d7 = 8
DLE
10
16
DC4
14
20
n
n
n
d1...d7
d1...d7
d1...d7
[Description] • Clear all data stored in the receive buffer and the print buffer.
• Transmits the following data block to the host.
Header: Hexadecimal = 37H / Decimal = 55 (1 byte)
Status: Hexadecimal = 25H / Decimal = 37 (1 byte)
NUL:
Hexadecimal = 00H / Decimal = 0 (1 byte)
• After this command is executed, the printer selects the paper roll as the paper
source and enters the standard mode.
[Details]
• This command is effective even when the printer is disabled with ESC = (select
peripheral device).
• If another command is being executed while this command is processed, the
execution of the other command is stopped.
• If this command is processed in a slip insertion waiting state, the waiting state is
cancelled. This process is same as for DLE ENQ 3.
• If this command is processed when a recoverable error occurs, the printer
recovers from the error state. This process is same with DLE ENQ 2.
• If this command is processed in page mode, the printer enters the standard
mode. In this case, the printer sets the default values to ESC W (only for ANK
model).
• This command does not affect and initialize the setting values for other
commands (except for ESC W in a page mode).
• With a serial interface model, this command is executed even when the printer is
offline, the receive buffer is full, or there is an error status.
• With a parallel interface mode, this command cannot be executed when the
printer is busy. This command is executed even when the printer is offline or
there is an error status when DIP switch 2-1 is on.
[Notes]
• This command must not be used in a system using this printer and the EPSON
OPOS driver.
• If print data includes this command string, the printer performs this command.
The user must consider this.
• This command should not be used within the data sequence of another
command that consists of 2 or more bytes.
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ESC FF
[Name]
Print data in page mode
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
ESC
1B
27
FF
0C
12
[Description] In page mode, prints all buffered data in the printing area collectively.
[Notes]
• This command is enabled only in page mode.
• After printing, the printer does not clear the buffered data, setting values for ESC
T and ESC W, and the position for buffering character data.
[Reference]
FF, ESC L, ESC S
ESC SP n
[Name]
Set right-side character spacing
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
SP
n
Hex
1B
20
n
Decimal
27
32
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the character spacing for the right side of the character to [n × horizontal or
vertical motion units].
[Default]
• The right-side character spacing for double-width mode is twice the normal
value.
• The horizontal and vertical motion unit are specified by GS P. Changing the
horizontal or vertical motion unit does not affect the current right-side spacing.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal (and vertical) motion unit.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal movement
amount, and it must be in even units of the minimum horizontal movement
amount.
• The maximum right-side spacing is 43.18 mm {255/180"} for the slip paper. Any
setting exceeding the maximum is converted to the maximum automatically.
• This command sets values independently in each mode (standard and page
modes).
• In standard mode, the horizontal motion unit is used.
• In page mode, the horizontal or vertical motion unit differs, depending on starting
position of the printable area as follows:
1 When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
2 When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the printable
area using ESC T, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
n=0
[Reference]
GS P
[Notes]
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ESC ! n
[Name]
Select print mode(s)
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
!
n
Hex
1B
21
n
Decimal
27
33
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Selects print mode(s) using n as follows:
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Character font A (9 × 9) for selected.
On
01
1
Character font B (7 × 9) for selected.
1
-
-
-
Undefined.
2
-
-
-
Undefined.
3
Off
00
0
Emphasized mode not selected.
On
08
8
Emphasized mode selected.
Off
00
0
Double-height mode not selected.
On
10
16
Double-height mode selected.
Off
00
0
Double-width mode not selected.
On
20
32
Double-width mode selected.
6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Underline mode not selected.
On
80
128
Underline mode selected.
4
5
[Notes]
• When both double-height and double-width modes are selected, quadruple size
characters are printed.
• The printer can underline all characters, but can not underline the space set by
HT or 90° clockwise rotated characters.
• The thickness of the underline is that selected by ESC -, regardless of the
character size.
• When some characters in a line are double or more height, all the characters on
the line are aligned at the baseline.
• ESC E can also turn on or off emphasized mode. However, the setting of the last
received command is effective.
• ESC - can also turn on or off underline mode. However, the setting of the last
received command is effective.
• GS ! can also select character size. However, the setting of the last received
command is effective.
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• ESC M can also select character font types. However the setting of the last
received command is effective.
• If the underline mode is selected, the lowest dot is printed in the same position as
the underline. Therefore, some characters may be hard to see.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
ESC -, ESC E, ESC M, GS !
ESC $ nL nH
[Name]
Set absolute print position
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
$
nL
nH
Hex
1B
24
nL
nH
Decimal
27
36
nL
nH
[Range]
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255
0 ≤ nH ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the distance from the beginning of the line to the position at which subsequent
characters are to be printed.
[Notes]
[Reference]
• The distance from the beginning of the line to the print position is
[(nL + nH × 256) × (vertical or horizontal motion unit)] inches.
• Settings outside the specified printable area are ignored.
• The horizontal and vertical motion unit are specified by GS P.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal (and vertical) motion unit.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal movement
amount, and it must be in even units of the minimum horizontal movement
amount.
• In standard mode, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
• In page mode, the horizontal or vertical motion unit differs, depending on the
starting position of the printable area as follows:
1 When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
2 When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the printable
area using ESC T, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
ESC \, GS $, GS \, GS P
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ESC % n
[Name]
Select/cancel user-defined character set
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
%
n
Hex
1B
25
n
Decimal
27
37
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Selects or cancels the user-defined character set.
• When the LSB is 0, the user-defined character set is cancelled.
• When the LSB is 1, the user-defined character set is selected.
[Default]
• n is available only for the least significant bit.
• When the user-defined character set is cancelled, the internal character set is
automatically selected.
n=0
[Reference]
ESC &, ESC ?
[Notes]
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ESC & y c1 c2 [x1 d1...d(y × x1)]...[xk d1...d(y × xk)]
[Name]
Define user-defined characters
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
&
y c1 c2 [x1 d1...d(y × x1)]...[xk d1...d(y × xk)]
Hex
1B
26
y c1 c2 [x1 d1...d(y × x1)]...[xk d1...d(y × xk)]
Decimal
27
38
y c1 c2 [x1 d1...d(y × x1)]...[xk d1...d(y × xk)]
[Range]
y=2
32 ≤ c1 ≤ c2 ≤ 126
0 ≤ x ≤ 12 (When Font A (9 × 9) is selected)
0≤x≤9
(When Font B (7 × 9) is selected)
0≤x≤6
(When Font C (5 × 9) is selected in page mode)
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
[Description] Defines user-defined characters.
• y specifies the number of bytes in the vertical direction.
• c1 specifies the beginning character code for the definition, and c2 specifies the
final code.
• x specifies the number of dots in the horizontal direction.
[Notes]
• The allowable character code range is from ASCII code <20>H to <7E>H (95
characters).
• It is possible to define multiple characters for consecutive character codes.
If only one character is desired, use c1 = c2.
• d is the dot data for the characters. The dot pattern is in the horizontal direction
from the left side. Any remaining dots on the right side are blank.
• The dots adjoining each other horizontally cannot be printed.
• Only the upper most bit can be printed in the second byte in the vertical direction.
• The data to define a user-defined character is (y × x) bytes.
• Set a corresponding bit to 1 to print a dot or 0 not to print a dot.
• This command can define different user-defined character patterns for each
font. To select a font, use ESC !. However, font C is always set in page mode
when slip is selected, regardless of selecting of any types of font.
• A user-defined character and a downloaded bit image cannot be defined
simultaneously. When this command is executed, the downloaded bit image is
cleared.
• The user-defined character definition is cleared when:
ESC @ is executed.
ESC ? is executed.
GS ∗ is executed.
The printer is reset or the power is turned off.
[Default]
The internal character set
[Reference]
ESC %, ESC ?
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[Example]
MSB
12 dots
9 dots
d1
d3
d2
d4
d5
d23
d24
d1 = 1FH, d3 = 20H,
d5 = 44H, . . .
d2 = 80H,
d6 = 00H, . . .
TITLE
d4 = 00H,
TM-U590 series
Specification
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ESC ∗ m nL nH d1 ... dk
[Name]
Select bit-image mode
[Format]
ASCII
[Range]
∗
ESC
m
nL
nH
d1 ... k
Hex
1B
2A
m
nL
nH
d1 ... k
Decimal
27
42
m
nL
nH
d1 ... k
m = 0, 1 (in standard mode)
m = 0 (in page mode)
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255
0 ≤ nH ≤ 3
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
k = nL + nH × 256
[Description] Selects a bit-image mode using m for the number of dots specified by nL and nH, as
follows:
Vertical Direction
Horizontal Direction
m
Mode
Number of Dots
Dot
adjacency
Maximum number of
dots in horizontal
0
8-dot single-density
8
Available
400 dots
1
8-dot double-density 8
Not available
800 dots
[Notes]
• If the values of m is out of the specified range, nL and data following are
processed as normal data.
• The nL and nH indicate the number of dots of the bit image in the horizontal
direction. The number of dots is calculated by nL + nH × 256.
• If the bit-image data input exceeds the number of dots to be printed on a line, the
excess data is ignored.
• d indicates the bit-image data. Set a corresponding bit to 1 to print a dot or to 0 to
not print a dot.
• If the width of the printing area set by GS L and GS W less than the width
required by the data sent with the ESC ∗ command, the following will be
performed on the line in question for each bit of data in single-density mode
(m=0), the printer prints two dots (two half dot for the slip): for each bit of data in
double-density mode (m=1), the printer prints one dot (one half dot for the slip):
① The width of the printing area is extended to the right to accommodate the
amount of data.
② If step ① does not provide sufficient width for the data, the left margin is reduced
to accommodate the data.
• After printing a bit image, the printer returns to normal data processing mode.
• This command is not affected by print modes (emphasized, double-strike,
underline, or character size), except upside-down printing mode.
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• The relationship between the image data and the dots to be printed is as follows:
8-dot bit image
Bit-image data
d1
d2
d3
MSB
MSB
d1 d2 d3
Bit-image data
LSB
LSB
Print data
Print data
1 half dot
Double density
Single density
ESC - n
[Name]
Turn underline mode on/off
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
-
n
Hex
1B
2D
n
Decimal
27
45
n
[Range]
n = 0, 1, 48, 49
[Description] Turns underline mode on or off, based on the following values of n:
n
Function
0, 48
Turns off underline mode
1, 49
Turns on underline mode (1-dot thick)
[Default]
• The printer can underline all characters (including right-side character spacing),
but cannot underline the space set by HT.
• The printer cannot underline 90° clockwise rotated characters and white/black
inverted characters.
• Changing the character size does not affect the current underline thickness.
• Underline mode can also be turned on or off by using ESC !. Note, however, that
the last received command is effective.
n=0
[Reference]
ESC !
[Notes]
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ESC 2
[Name]
Select default line spacing
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
2
Hex
1B
32
Decimal
27
50
[Description] Selects approximately 4.23 mm {1/6"} line spacing.
[Notes]
• The line spacing can be set independently in standard mode and in page mode.
[Reference]
ESC 3
ESC 3 n
[Name]
Set line spacing
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
3
n
Hex
1B
33
n
Decimal
27
51
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the line spacing to [n × vertical or horizontal motion unit] inches.
[Notes]
• The horizontal and vertical motion unit are specified by GS P. Changing the
horizontal or vertical motion unit does not affect the current line spacing.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal (and vertical) motion unit.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum vertical movement
amount, and it must be in even units of the minimum vertical movement amount.
• In standard mode, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
• In page mode, this command functions as follows, depending on the starting
position of the printable area:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the print able
area using ESC T, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
• The maximum line spacing is 1016 mm {40"}. When the setting value exceeds
the maximum, it is converted to the maximum automatically.
[Default]
Line spacing corresponding to approximately 4.23 mm {1/6"}
[Reference]
ESC 2, GS P
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ESC <
[Name]
Return home
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
<
Hex
1B
3C
Decimal
27
60
[Description] Moves the print head to the standby position.
[Notes]
• Since the home position is detected when this command is executed, the printing
position may shift after this command is executed.
• The standby position is in the left.
ESC = n
[Name]
Set peripheral device
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
=
n
Hex
1B
3D
n
Decimal
27
61
n
1≤n≤3
[Range]
[Description] Selects device to which host computer sends data, using n as follows:
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Printer disabled.
On
01
1
Printer enabled
Off
00
0
Customer display disabled.
On
02
2
Customer display enabled.
-
-
-
Undefined.
1
2-7
[Notes]
• When the printer is disabled, it ignores all data except for error-recovery
commands (DLE ENQ 1, DLE ENQ 2) until it is enabled by this command.
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[Default]
Serial interface specification:
• When turning on the printer:
Direct Connection Customer Display Status
n
Customer display is recognized (*1)
2
Customer display is not recognized (*1)
1
• When executing ESC @:
Default values set by ESC @ are as follows, depending on the value set by ESC =
just before processing ESC @ and on the setting of DIP switch 2-2:
n
Direct Connection Customer Display Status
Default Value to be Set
After ESC @
Processing
1
2
3
When customer display is connected (*1)
1
2(*2)
2
When customer display is not connected (*1)
1
2(*2)
1
(*1) Depending on the setting of DIP switch 2-2.
(*2) The printer is disabled and it does not process ESC @; therefore, the ESC = setting is
changed.
Parallel interface specification:
[Reference]
n=1
DLE ENQ
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ESC ? n
[Name]
Cancel user-defined characters
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
?
n
Hex
1B
3F
n
Decimal
27
63
n
[Range]
32 ≤ n ≤ 126
[Description] Cancels user-defined characters.
[Notes]
[Reference]
• This command cancels the pattern defined for the character code specified by n.
After the user-defined characters is canceled, the corresponding pattern for the
internal character is printed.
• This command deletes the pattern defined for the specified code in the font
selected by ESC !.
• If a user-defined character has not been defined for the specified character
code, the printer ignores this command.
ESC &, ESC %
ESC @
[Name]
Initialize printer
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
@
Hex
1B
40
Decimal
27
64
[Description] Clears the data in the print buffer and resets the printer mode to the mode that was
in effect when the power was turned on.
[Notes]
• The DIP switch settings are not checked again.
• The data in the receive buffer is not cleared.
• Printer does not eject and release the slip.
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ESC C n
[Name]
Set slip paper eject length
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
C
n
Hex
1B
43
n
Decimal
27
67
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the eject length setting for slip paper to n lines.
[Notes]
• When n = 0, the eject length setting for slip paper is cancelled. The printer
continues feeding the paper until the printer gets to the position where the slip
can be ejected. The positions are defined as below:
When reverse ejection is executed:
If both TOF and BOF sensors detect a paper present status, paper is fed
approximately 80 mm {3.15"} in the reverse paper feed direction.
If only TOF sensor detects a paper present status, the printer feeds paper
until the BOF sensor detects a paper present status and then the paper is fed
approximately 80 mm {3.15"} in the reverse paper feed direction. In this case,
if the BOF sensor can not detect a paper present status even if the printer
feeds paper 450 mm {17.72"}or more, it is a slip ejection error.
If only BOF sensor detects a paper present status, paper is fed approximately
20 mm {0.79"} in the reverse paper feed direction.
When forward ejection is executed:
Paper is fed until the BOF sensor detects a paper-end and then the paper is
fed approximately 20 mm {0.79"}in the paper feed direction. In this case, if the
BOF sensor can not detect a paper not present status even if the printer feeds
paper 450 mm {17.72"} or more, it is a slip ejection error.
• Specified eject length doesn’t change even if line spacing changes.
• The maximum eject length that can be set is 450 mm {17.72"}. If the specified
amount exceeds 450 mm {17.72"}, the eject length is automatically set to 450
mm {17.72"}.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
FF, ESC 2, ESC 3
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ESC D n1 ... nk NUL
[Name]
Set horizontal tab positions
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
D
n1 ... nk
NUL
Hex
1B
44
n1 ... nk
00
Decimal
27
68
n1 ... nk
0
[Range]
1 ≤ n ≤ 255
0 ≤ k ≤ 32
[Description] Sets horizontal tab positions.
[Notes]
• n specifies the column number for setting a horizontal tab position from the
beginning of the line.
• k indicates the total number of horizontal tab positions to be set.
• The horizontal tab position is stored as a value of [n × character width] measured
from the beginning of the line. The character width includes the right-side
character spacing, and double-width characters are set with twice the width of
normal characters.
• This command cancels the previous horizontal tab settings.
• When setting n = 8, the print position is moved to column 9 by sending HT.
• Up to 32 tab positions (k = 32) can be set. Data exceeding 32 tab positions is
processed as normal data.
• Transmit [n]k in ascending order and place a NUL code 0 at the end.
• When [n]k is less than or equal to the preceding value [n]k-1, tab setting is
finished and the following data is processed as normal data.
• ESC D NUL cancels all horizontal tab positions.
• The previously specified horizontal tab positions do not change, even if the
character width changes.
• The character width is used with the one in the mode when this command is
executed.
[Default]
n = 8, 16, 24, 32... (intervals of 8 characters (columns 9, 17, 25,...) for the font A
(9 × 9).)
[Reference]
HT
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ESC E n
[Name]
[Format]
[Range]
Turn emphasized mode on/off
ASCII
ESC
E
n
Hex
1B
45
n
Decimal
27
69
n
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Turns emphasized mode on or off
When the LSB is 0, emphasized mode is turned off.
When the LSB is 1, emphasized mode is turned on.
[Notes]
• Only the least significant bit of n is enabled.
• This command and ESC ! turn on and off emphasized mode in the same way.
The command which is executed at latest is effective.
• Emphasized and double-strike printing appear the same.
• Two-pass printing is executed; therefore, printing speed goes slow.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
ESC !
ESC F
[Name]
[Format]
Set/cancel slip paper reverse eject
ASCII
ESC
F
Hex
1B
46
Decimal
27
70
[Range]
0≤ n ≤ 255
n
n
n
Description] Sets or cancels the slip paper reverse eject
When the LSB is 0, cancels the slip paper reverse eject.
When the LSB is 1, sets the slip paper reverse eject.
[Notes]
• Only the least significant bit of n is enabled.
• The command is enabled only when input at the beginning of the line.
[Default]
n=1
[Reference]
FF
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ESC G n
[Name]
[Format]
Turn on/off double-strike mode
ASCII
ESC
G
Hex
1B
47
Decimal
27
71
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
n
n
n
[Description] Turns double-strike mode on or off.
• When the LSB of n is 0, double-strike mode is turned off.
• When the LSB of n is 1, double-strike mode is turned on.
[Notes]
• Only the lowest bit of n is enabled.
• Printer output is the same in double-strike mode and in emphasized mode.
• Two-pass printing is executed; therefore, printing speed goes slow.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
ESC E
ESC J n
[Name]
[Format]
Print and feed paper
ASCII
ESC
Hex
1B
Decimal
27
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
J
4A
74
n
n
n
[Description] Prints the data in the print buffer and feeds the paper [n × vertical or horizontal
motion unit] inches.
[Notes]
[Reference]
• After printing is completed, this command sets the print starting position to the
beginning of the line.
• The paper feed amount set by this command does not affect the values set by
ESC 2 or ESC 3.
• The horizontal and vertical motion unit are specified by GS P.
• The GS P command can change the vertical (and horizontal) motion unit.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum vertical movement
amount, and it must be in even units of the minimum vertical movement amount.
• The maximum paper feed amount is 1016 mm {40"}. Even if a paper feed
amount of more than 1016 mm {40"} is set, the printer feeds the paper only 1016
mm {40"}.
• In standard mode, the printer uses the vertical motion unit (y).
• In page mode, this command functions as follows, depending on the starting
position of the printable area:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the print able
area using ESC T, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
GS P
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ESC K n
[Name]
[Format]
Print and reverse feed
ASCII
ESC
Hex
1B
Decimal
27
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
K
4B
75
n
n
n
[Description] Prints the data in the print buffer and feeds the paper n × vertical motion unit inches
in the reverse direction
[Notes]
[Reference]
• Sets the print starting position to the beginning of the line.
• The paper feed amount set by this command does not affect the values set by
ESC 2 or ESC 3.
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are specified by GS P.
• The GS P command can change the vertical (and horizontal) motion units.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum vertical motion amount,
and it must be in even units of the minimum vertical motion amount.
• The maximum paper feed amount is 1016 mm {40"}. Even if a paper feed
amount of more than 1016 mm {40"} is set, the printer feeds the paper only 1016
mm {40"}.
• In standard mode for slip, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
• In page mode for slip, this command functions as follows, depending on the
starting position of the printable area:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the print able
area using ESC T, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
GS P
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ESC L
[Name]
Select page mode
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
ESC
1B
27
L
4C
76
[Description] Switches from standard mode to page mode.
[Notes]
• This command is enabled only when processed at the beginning of a line.
• This command has no effect in page mode.
• After printing is completed by FF or by using ESC S, the printer returns to
standard mode.
• This command sets the position where data is buffered to the position specified
by ESC T within the printing area defined by ESC W.
• This command switches the settings for the following commands (in which the
values can be set independently in standard mode and page mode) to those for
page mode:
① Set right-side character spacing: ESC SP
➁ Set line spacing: ESC 2, ESC 3
• Only value settings are possible for the following commands in page mode;
these commands are not executed.
① Turn 90° clockwise rotation mode on/off: ESC V
② Select justification: ESC a
③ Turn upside-down printing mode on/off: ESC {
④ Set left margin: GS L
⑤ Set printable area width: GS W
⑥ Select blocks of print mode (for slip only): ESC !
⑦ Select character font (for slip only): ESC M
• The following command is ignored in page mode:
➀ Execute test print: GS ( A
• The printer returns to standard mode when power is turned on, the printer is
reset, or ESC @ is used.
• In page mode, font C is automatically selected regardless of the font selection
with the commands.
• In page mode, emphasis and double-stick printing cannot be performed.
[Reference]
FF, CAN, ESC FF, ESC @, ESC S, ESC T, ESC W, GS $, GS \, 3.12 Page Mode
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ESC M n
[Name]
[Format]
[Range]
Select character font
ASCII
ESC
Hex
1B
Decimal
27
n = 0, 1, 48, 49
M
4D
77
n
n
n
[Description] Selects character font.
n
Function
0, 48
Character font A (9 × 9) selected.
1, 49
Character font B (7 × 9) selected.
[Details]
• ESC ! can also select character font types. However, the setting of the last
received command is effective.
[Reference] ESC !
ESC R n
[Name]
[Format]
Select an international character set
ASCII
ESC
R
Hex
1B
52
Decimal
27
82
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 13
n
n
n
[Description] Selects an international character set n from the following table:
n
Character set
0
U.S.A.
1
France
2
Germany
3
U.K.
4
Denmark I
5
Sweden
6
Italy
7
Spain
8
Japan
9
Norway
10
Denmark II
11
Spain II
12
Latin America
13
Korea
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
3.2.19 International Character Set
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ESC S
[Name]
Select standard mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
S
Hex
1B
53
Decimal
27
83
[Description] Switches from page mode to standard mode.
•
•
•
•
•
[Notes]
This command is effective only in page mode.
Data buffered in page mode is cleared.
This command sets the print position to the beginning of the line.
The printing area set by ESC W is initialized.
This command switches the settings for the following commands (in which the
values can be set independently in standard mode and page mode) to those for
standard mode:
① Set right-side character spacing: ESC SP
② Select default line spacing: ESC 2
③ Set line spacing: ESC 3
• The following commands are enabled only to set in standard mode.
① Set printing area in page mode: ESC W
② Select print direction in page mode: ESC T
• The following commands are ignored in standard mode.
① Set absolute vertical print position in page mode: GS $
② Set relative vertical print position in page mode: GS \
• Standard mode is selected automatically when power is turned on, the printer is
reset, or command ESC @ is used.
[Reference]
FF, ESC FF, ESC @, ESC L
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ESC T n
[Name]
Select print direction in page mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
T
n
Hex
1B
54
n
Decimal
27
84
n
0≤n≤3
[Range]
48 ≤ n ≤ 51
[Description] Selects the print direction and starting position in page mode.
n specifies the print direction and starting position as follows:
Left to right
Upper left
(A in the figure)
1, 49
Bottom to top
Lower left
(B in the figure)
2, 50
Right to left
Lower right
(C in the figure)
3, 51
Top to bottom
Upper right
(D in the figure)
A
Forward
0, 48
Print area
B
Starting Position
C
Print Direction
D
n
[Default]
• When the command is input in standard mode, the printer executes only internal
flag operations. This command does not affect printing in standard mode.
• This command sets the position where data is buffered within the printing area
set by ESC W.
• Parameters for horizontal or vertical motion units (x or y) differ as follows,
depending on the starting position of the printing area:
① If the starting position is the upper left or lower right of the printing area, data
is buffered in the direction perpendicular to the paper feed direction:
Commands using horizontal motion units:
ESC SP, ESC $, ESC \
Commands using vertical motion units:
ESC 3, ESC J, GS $, GS \
② If the starting position is the upper right or lower left of the printing area, data
is buffered in the paper feed direction:
Commands using horizontal motion units:
ESC 3, ESC J, GS $, GS \
Commands using vertical motion units:
ESC SP, ESC $, ESC \
n=0
[Reference]
ESC SP, ESC 3, ESC $, ESC J, ESC L, ESC W, ESC \, GS $, GS P, GS \
[Notes]
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ESC U n
[Name]
[Format]
Turn on/off unidirectional printing mode
ASCII
ESC
U
n
Hex
1B
55
n
Decimal
27
85
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Turns unidirectional printing mode on or off
When the LSB is 0, turns off unidirectional printing mode.
When the LSB is 1, turns on unidirectional printing mode.
[Notes]
• Only the least significant bit of n is enabled.
• When unidirectional printing mode is turned on, the printer prints from left to
right.
• To avoid horizontal printing misalignment, unidirectional printing mode should be
used.
• In page mode, unidirectional printing is always selected regardless of the setting
of this command.
[Default]
n=0
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ESC V n
[Name]
[Format]
Turn 90° clockwise rotation mode on/off
ASCII
ESC
V
n
Hex
1B
56
n
Decimal
27
86
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 2, 48 ≤ n ≤ 50
[Description] Turns 90° clockwise rotation mode on/off
n is used as follows:
n
Function
0, 48
Turns off 90° clockwise rotation mode
1, 49
Turns on 90° clockwise rotation mode
(Adjacent dot spacing: 1 dot)
2, 50
Turns on 90° clockwise rotation mode
(Adjacent dot spacing: 1.5 dots)
[Notes]
• This command affects printing in standard mode. However, the setting is always
effective.
• When underline mode is turned on, the printer does not underline 90°
clockwise-rotated text.
• Double-width and double-height commands in 90° rotation mode enlarge
characters in the opposite directions from double-height and double-width
commands in normal mode.
• The characters which are turned 90° clockwise rotation mode on are printed with
font C regardless of the font selection.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
ESC !, ESC −
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ESC W xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH
[Name]
Set printing area in page mode
[Format]
ASC II
ESC
W
xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH
Hex
1B
57
xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH
Decimal
27
87
xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH
[Range]
0 ≤ xL, xH, yL, yH, dxL, dxH, dyL, dyH ≤ 255 (except dxL=dxH=0 or dyL=dyH=0)
[Description] • The horizontal starting position, vertical starting position, printing area width, and
printing area height are defined as x0, y0, dx (inch), dy (inch), respectively.
Each setting for the printing area is calculated as follows:
x0 = [(xL + xH × 256) × (horizontal motion unit)]
y0 = [(yL + yH × 256) × (vertical motion unit)]
dx = [(dxL + dxH × 256) × (horizontal motion unit)]
dy = [(dyL + dyH × 256) × (vertical motion unit)]
The printing area is set as shown in the figure below.
[Notes]
• If this command is input in standard mode, the printer executes only internal flag
operations. This command does not affect printing in standard mode.
• If the horizontal or vertical starting position is set outside the printable area, the
printer stops command processing and processes the following data as normal
data.
• If the printing area width or height is set to 0, the printer stops command
processing and processes the following data as normal data.
• This command sets the position where data is buffered to the position specified
by ESC T within the printing area.
• If (horizontal starting position + printing area width) exceeds the printable area,
the printing area width is automatically set to (horizontal printable area horizontal starting position).
• If (vertical starting position + printing area height) exceeds the printable area, the
printing area height is automatically set to (vertical printable area - vertical
starting position).
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are specified by GS P. Changing the
horizontal or vertical motion unit does not affect the current printing area.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal (and vertical) motion units.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal motion amount,
and it must be in even units of minimum horizontal motion amount.
• Use the horizontal motion unit (x) for setting the horizontal starting position and
printing area width, and use the vertical motion unit (y) for setting the vertical
starting position and printing area height.
• When the horizontal starting position, vertical starting position, printing area
width, and printing area height are defined as X, Y, Dx, and Dy respectively, the
printing area is set as shown in the figure below.
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Paper
(X, Y)
Dy
Forward
Dx
Print area
(X + Dx-1, Y + Dy-1)
• For the printable area, refer to Section 6.2, 5) Printable area.
[Default]
xL = xH = yL = yH = 0
dxL = 32, dxH = 3, dyL = 12, dyH = 7
[Reference]
CAN, ESC L, ESC T, GS P
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ESC \ nL nH
[Name]
Set relative print position
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
\
nL
nH
Hex
1B
5C
nL
nH
Decimal
27
92
nL
nH
[Range]
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255
0 ≤ nH ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the print starting position based on the current position by using the
foundamental motion unit.
• This command sets the distance from the current position to [(nL + nH ) × 256 ×
foundamental motion unit]
[Notes]
• Any setting that exceeds the printable area is ignored.
• When pitch N is specified to the right:
nL+ nH × 256 = N
When pitch N is specified to the left (the negative direction), use the complement
of 65536.
When pitch N is specified to the left:
nL+ nH × 256 = 65536 - N
• The horizontal and vertical motion unit are specified by GS P.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal (and vertical) motion unit.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal movement
amount, and it must be in even units of the minimum horizontal movement
amount.
• In standard mode, the horizontal motion unit is used.
• In page mode, the horizontal or vertical motion unit differs as follows, depending
on the starting point of the printing area:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the printable
area using ESC T, the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
[Reference]
ESC $, GS P
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ESC a n
[Name]
Select justification
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
a
n
Hex
1B
61
n
Decimal
27
97
n
0 ≤ n ≤ 2, 48 ≤ n ≤ 50
[Range]
[Description] Aligns all the data in one line to the specified position
n selects the justification as follows:
n
Justification
0,48
Left justification
1, 49
Centering
2, 50
Right justification
[Notes]
• The command is enabled only when processed at the beginning of the line.
• If this command is input in page mode, the printer executes only internal flag
operations.
• This command has no effect in page mode.
• This command justifies the space area according to HT, ESC $ or ESC \.
[Default]
n=0
[Example]
Left justification
ABC
ABCD
ABCDE
Centering
Right justification
ABC
ABCD
ABCDE
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ABCD
ABCDE
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ESC c 3 n
[Name]
Select paper sensor(s) to output paper end signals
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
c
3
n
Hex
1B
63
33
n
Decimal
27
99
51
n
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Range]
[Description] Selects the paper sensor(s) to output paper end signals
• Each bit of n is used as follows:
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
-
-
-
Undefined
1
-
-
-
Undefined
2
-
-
-
Undefined
3
-
-
-
Undefined
4
Off
00
0
TOF sensor disabled
On
10
16
TOF sensor enabled
Off
00
0
BOF sensor disabled
On
20
32
BOF sensor enabled
-
-
-
Undefined
5
6, 7
[Notes]
• It is possible to select multiple sensors to output signals. Then, if any of the
sensors detects a paper end, the paper end signal is output.
• Sensor is switched when executing this command. The paper end signal
switching be delayed depending on the receive buffer state.
• When all the sensors are disabled, the paper end signal always outputs a paper
present status.
• The command is available only with a parallel interface and is ignored with a
serial interface.
[Default]
n=0
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ESC c 4 n
[Name]
Select paper sensor(s) to stop printing
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
c
4
n
Hex
1B
63
34
n
Decimal
27
99
52
n
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Range]
[Description] Selects the paper sensor(s) used to stop printing when a paper-end is detected,
using n as follows:
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
-
-
-
Undefined
1
-
-
-
Undefined
2
-
-
-
Undefined
3
-
-
-
Undefined
4
Off
00
0
TOF sensor disabled.
On
10
16
TOF sensor enabled.
Off
00
0
BOF sensor disabled.
On
20
32
BOF sensor enabled.
6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
-
-
-
Undefined.
5
[Notes]
[Default]
• It is possible to select multiple sensors for print control to stop printing. Then if
any sensor detects a paper end, the printer stops printing.
• When a paper end is detected, printing is stopped after printing the current line
and feeding the paper.
• When the TOF sensor or the BOF sensor is enabled and a paper-end is
detected, the printer ejects the paper after printing as much as possible and
enters the paper waiting state.
• When a paper-end is detected by the BOF sensor, the printer does not go off-line
after printing stops.
n=0
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ESC c 5 n
[Name]
Enable/disable panel buttons
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
c
5
n
Hex
1B
63
35
n
Decimal
27
99
53
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Enables or disables the panel buttons.
• When the LSB of n is 0, the panel buttons are enabled.
• When the LSB of n is 1, the panel buttons are disabled.
[Notes]
• Only the lowest bit of n is valid.
• When the panel buttons are disabled, none of them are usable.
• In this printer, the panel buttons are the FORWARD, REVERSE, and RELEASE
buttons.
• When the cover is open, all panel buttons are disabled regardless of the settings
of this command.
[Default]
n=0
ESC d n
[Name]
Print and feed n lines
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
d
n
Hex
1B
64
n
Decimal
27
100
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Prints the data in the print buffer and feeds n lines.
[Notes]
• This command sets the print starting position to the beginning of the line.
• This command does not affect the line spacing set by ESC 2 or ESC 3.
• The maximum paper feed amount is 1016 mm {40"}. If the paper feed amount (n
× line spacing) of more than 1016 mm {40"} is specified, the printer feeds the
paper only 1016 mm {40"}.
[Reference]
ESC 2, ESC 3
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ESC e n
[Name]
Print and reverse feed n lines
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
e
n
Hex
1B
65
n
Decimal
27
101
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Prints the data in the print buffer and feeds n lines in the reverse direction.
[Notes]
• This command sets the print starting position to the beginning of the line.
• The paper feed amount set by this command does not affect the values set by
ESC 2 or ESC 3.
• Even if the number of (n × line feed amount) exceeds 1016 mm {40"}, the printer
feeds the paper only 1016 mm {40"}.
• In page mode, this command functions as follows, depending on the starting
position of the printable area:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printable
area using ESC T, the print position is set in the same direction with the paper
feeding direction (vertical direction for printed characters).
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the print able
area using ESC T, the print position is set in the vertical direction to the paper
feeding direction (horizontal direction for printed characters).
[Reference] ESC 2, ESC 3
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ESC f t1 t2
[Name]
Set slip paper waiting time
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
f
t1
t2
Hex
1B
66
t1
t2
Decimal
27
102
t1
t2
[Range]
t1 = 0
0 ≤ t2 ≤ 64
[Description] Sets the time that the printer waits for slip paper to be inserted and the time from
insertion of the slip to the start of printing.
• t1 specifies the wait time for slip paper to be inserted.
• t2 specifies time from insertion of the slip to the start of printing.
[Notes]
[Default]
• The printer starts operation [t2 × 0.1] seconds after detecting a slip.
• When either t1 or t2 is out of the specified range, this command is ignored and
the previously set value is not changed.
• When t1 is out of the specified range, this command is ignored and the following
data is executed normally.
• When the cut sheet insert waiting time is set longer than the default setting, there
are a few possibility that the paper jams because the user may insert the paper
too much. Therefore, the default setting is recommended to avoid this problem.
t1 = 0, t2 = 5
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ESC p m t1 t2
[Name]
Generate pulse
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
p
m
t1
t2
Hex
1B
70
m
t1
t2
Decimal
27
112
m
t1
t2
0 ≤ m ≤ 1, 48 ≤ m ≤ 49
[Range]
0 ≤ t1 ≤ 255, 0≤ t2 ≤ 255
[Description] Outputs the pulse specified by t1 and t2 to connector pin m as follows:
m
Connector pin
0, 48
Drawer kick-out connector pin 2.
1, 49
Drawer kick-out connector pin 5.
[Notes]
• The pulse ON time is [t1 × 2 ms] and the OFF time is [t2 × 2 ms].
• If t2 < t1, the OFF time is [t1 × 2 ms]
[Reference]
Section 2.2.3, Drawer kick-out connector, Appendix E
ESC q
[Name]
[Format]
Release
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
ESC
1B
27
q
71
113
[Description] Releases the paper
[Notes]
• The printer waits for the paper to be removed after executing a release
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ESC t n
[Name]
[Format]
Select character code table
ASCII
ESC
t
Hex
1B
74
Decimal
27
116
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 8, n = 19, n = 255
n
n
n
[Description] Selects a page n from the character code table.
n
Page
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
19 (*1)
20 (*2)
21 (*2)
22 (*2)
23 (*2)
24 (*2)
25 (*2)
26 (*2)
255
0 (PC437 [U.S.A., Standard Europe])
1 (Katakana)
2 (PC850 [Multilingual])
3 (PC860 [Portuguese])
4 (PC863 [Canadian-French])
5 (PC865 [Nordic])
6 (Hiragana)
7 (One-pass printing Kanji characters)
8 (One-pass printing Kanji characters)
19 (PC858 [Euro])
Thai character code 42
Thai character code 11
Thai character code 13
Thai character code 14
Thai character code 16
Thai character code 17
Thai character code 18
Font A: Space page
Font B: See 3.2.10 Page 255
(*1) Page 19 (PC858) is supported by the ROM version 3.14 or late.
(*2) The character code table (n = 20 through 26 is available only on TM-U590 (Thai
character supporting model).
Character code table (n = 6, 7, and 8) is available only on the Kanji supporting
model.
[Default]
n=0
For Thai character supporting model: n = 20
[Reference]
Appendix D, 3.2 Character Code Tables
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ESC { n
[Name]
Turns on/off upside-down printing mode
[Format]
ASCII
ESC
{
n
Hex
1B
7B
n
Decimal
27
123
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Turns upside-down printing mode on or off.
• When the LSB of n is 0, upside-down printing mode is turned off.
• When the LSB of n is 1, upside-down printing mode is turned on.
[Notes]
• Only the lowest bit of n is valid.
• This command is enabled only when processed at the beginning of a line.
• When this command is input in page mode, the printer executes only internal flag
operations.
• This command does not affect printing in page mode.
• In upside-down printing mode, the printer rotates the line to be printed by 180°
and then prints it.
[Default]
n=0
[Example]
When upside down printing mode
is turned off
When upside-down printing mode
is turned on
0 1 2 3 4 5
ABCDE F
ABCDE F
0 1 2 3 4 5
Paper feed direction
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GS ! n
[Name]
Select character size
[Format]
ASCII
GS
!
n
Hex
1D
21
n
Decimal
29
33
n
[Range]
n = 0, 1, 16, 17
[Description] Selects the character height using bits 0 to 3 and selects the character width using
bits 4 to 7, as follows:
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Character height selection. See Table 2.
1
2
3
4
Character width selection. See Table 1.
5
6
7
Table 1 Character Width Selection
Table 2 Character Height Selection
Hex
Decimal
Width
Hex
Decimal
Height
00
0
1 (normal)
00
0
1 (normal)
10
16
2 (double-width)
01
1
2 (double-height)
[Default]
• In standard mode, the vertical direction is the paper feed direction, and the
horizontal direction is perpendicular to the paper feed direction. However, when
character orientation changes in 90° clockwise-rotation mode, the relationship
between vertical and horizontal directions is reversed.
• In page mode, vertical and horizontal directions are based on the character
orientation.
• When characters are enlarged with different sizes on one line, all the characters
on the line are aligned at the baseline.
• The ESC ! command can also turn double-width and double-height modes on or
off. However, the setting of the last received command is effective.
n=0
[Reference]
ESC !
[Notes]
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GS $ nL nH
[Name]
Set absolute vertical print position in page mode
[Format]
ASCII
GS
$
nL nH
Hex
1D
24
nL nH
Decimal
29
36
nL nH
[Range]
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255, 0 ≤ nH ≤ 255
[Description] • Sets the absolute vertical print starting position for buffer character data in page
mode.
• This command sets the absolute print position to [(nL + nH × 256) × (vertical or
horizontal motion unit)] inches.
• This command is effective only in page mode.
• If the [(nL + nH × 256) × (vertical or horizontal motion unit)] exceeds the specified
printing area, this command is ignored.
• The horizontal starting buffer position does not move.
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are specified by GS P.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal and vertical motion unit.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal motion amount,
and it must be in even units of the minimum horizontal motion amount.
• The reference starting position is that specified by ESC T.
• This command operates as follows, depending on the starting position of the
printing area specified by ESC T:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right, this command
sets the absolute position in the vertical direction.
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left, this command
sets the absolute position in the horizontal direction.
[Reference] ESC $, ESC T, ESC W, ESC \, GS P, GS \, 3.12 Page Mode
[Notes]
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GS ∗ x y d1 ... d(x × y × 8)
[Name]
Define user-defined bit-image
[Format]
ASCII
GS
∗
x
y
d1 ... d(x × y × 8)
Hex
1D
2A
x
y
d1 ... d(x × y × 8)
Decimal
29
42
x
y
d1 ... d(x × y × 8)
[Range]
1 ≤ x ≤ 255
1 ≤ y ≤ 255
x × y ≤ 404
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
[Description] Defines a user-defined bit-image using the number of dots specified by x and y
• x specifies the number of dots in the horizontal direction.
• y specifies the number of dots in the vertical direction.
[Notes]
• The number of dots in the horizontal direction is x × 8, in the vertical direction it is
y × 8.
• If x × y is out of the specified range, this command is disabled.
• The d indicates bit-image data. Data (d) specifies a bit printed to 1 and not
printed to 0.
• A user-defined character and a user-defined bit-image cannot be defined
simultaneously. When this command is executed, the user-defined character is
cleared.
• After a user-defined bit-image is defined, it is available until ESC @ or ESC & is
executed; the printer is reset; or the power is turned off.
[Reference]
ESC &, GS /
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GS ( A pL pH n m
[Name]
Execute test print
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
[Range]
(pL+(pH×256))=2 (where pL=2, pH=0)
n = 0, 48, 3 ≤ n ≤ 4, 51 ≤ n ≤ 52
1 ≤ m ≤ 3, 49 ≤ m ≤ 51
GS
1D
29
(
28
40
A
41
65
pL
pL
pL
pH
pH
pH
n
n
n
m
m
m
[Description] • Executes a test print with a specified test pattern on the specified paper.
• pL and pH specifies the number of parameters such as n, m as (pL + (pH × 256))
bytes.
n specifies the paper to be tested.
n
Paper
0, 48
Basic sheet (Slip)
3, 51
Slip
4, 52
m specifies a test pattern.
m
Test pattern
1, 49
Hexadecimal dump
2, 50
Printer status print
3, 51
Rolling pattern print
[Notes]
• This command is enabled only when processed at the beginning of a line in
standard mode.
• This command has no effect in page mode.
• After the test print is finished, the printer resets itself automatically. Therefore,
the already-defined data before this command is executed, such as an
user-defined characters, and downloaded bit image, becomes undefined, and
the receive buffer and print buffer are cleared, and each setting returns to the
default value. The printer also re-reads the DIP switch settings.
• At the end of the test print, ejects the cut sheet when cut sheet is selected.
• When slip is selected, this command is executed after the ejection of the paper.
• The printer goes BUSY while this command is executed.
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GS / m
[Name]
[Format]
Print user-defined bit-image
ASCII
GS
/
Hex
1D
2F
Decimal
29
47
m
m
m
[Range]
m = 0, 1, 48, 49 (in standard mode)
m = 1, 49 (in page mode)
[Description] Prints a user-defined bit-image using the mode specified by m.
m selects a mode from the table below:
m
Mode
Vertical Dot Density (DPI) Maximum Number of
Dots in Horizontal
0, 48
Normal
Not available
800 dots
1, 49
Double-width
Available
400 dots
• This command is ignored if a user-defined bit-image has not been defined.
• In standard mode, this command is effective only when there is no data in the
print buffer.
• This command has no effect in the print modes (emphasized, double-strike,
underline, character size, or 90° rotated character etc.), except for upside-down
printing mode.
• If the downloaded bit image to be printed exceeds the printable area, the excess
data is not printed.
• Refer to Figure 3.12.2 for the downloaded bit image development position in
page mode.
• If the printing area width set by GS L and GS W is less than one line in vertical,
the following processing is performed only on the line in question:
① The printing area width is extended to the right up to one line in vertical. In this
case, printing does not exceed the printable area.
② If the printing area width cannot be extended by one line in vertical, the left
margin is reduced to accommodate one line in vertical.
One line in vertical means 1 dot (one half dot for the slip) in normal (m = 0, 48)
and double-height (2, 50), 2 dots (two half dot for the slip) in double-width
(m = 1, 49) and quadruple (m = 3, 51) modes.
[Reference] GS ∗
[Notes]
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GS I n
[Name]
Transmit printer ID
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
[Range]
1 ≤ n ≤ 3, 49 ≤ n ≤ 51
GS
1D
29
I
49
73
n
n
n
[Description] Transmits the printer ID specified by n as follows:
n
Printer ID
Specification
ID (hexadecimal)
1, 49
Printer model ID
TM-U590/U590P
21H
2, 50
Type ID
See table below.
3, 51
ROM version ID
Depends on ROM version
n = 2, 50 Type ID
Bit
0
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Function
Off
00
0
Two-byte character code not supported.
On
01
1
Two-byte character code supported.
1
Off
00
0
Autocutter is not equipped.
2
Off
00
0
Customer display is not connected directly.
(DIP switch 2-2 is set to Off)
On
04
4
Customer display is connected directly.
(DIP switch 2-2 is set to On)
3
Off
00
0
No MICR reader.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5
-
-
-
Undefined.
6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
[Notes]
[Reference]
• When DTR/DSR control is selected in the serial interface model, the printer
transmits only 1 byte after confirming that the host is ready to receive data (DSR
signal is SPACE). If the host computer is not ready to receive data (DSR signal
is MARK), the printer waits until the host is ready.
• When XON/XOFF control is selected in the serial interface model, the printer
transmits only 1 byte without confirming the condition of the DSR signal.
• The printer ID is transmitted when the data in the receive buffer is developed.
Therefore, there may be a time lag between receiving this command and
transmitting the status, depending on the receive buffer status.
• When Auto Status Back (ASB) is enabled using GS a, the status transmitted by
GS I and the ASB status must be differentiated.
Appendix C
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GS L nL nH
[Name]
Set left margin
[Format]
ASCII
GS
L
nL
nH
Hex
1D
4C
nL
nH
Decimal
29
76
nL
nH
[Range]
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255
0 ≤ nH ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the left margin using nL and nH.
• The left margin is set to [(nL + nH × 256) × horizontal motion unit)] inches.
Printable area
Left margin
Printing area width
[Notes]
• If this command is input in page mode, the printer executes only internal flag
operations.
• This command does not affect printing in page mode.
• This command is effective only processed at the beginning of the line.
• If the setting exceeds the printable area, the maximum value of the printable
area is used.
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are specified by GS P. Changing the
horizontal and vertical motion unit does not affect the current left margin.
• The horizontal motion unit (x) is used for calculating the left margin. The
calculated result is truncated to the minimum value of the mechanical pitch.
[Default]
nL = 0, nH = 0
[Reference]
GS P, GS W
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GS P x y
[Name]
Set horizontal and vertical motion units
[Format]
ASCII
GS
P
x
y
Hex
1D
50
x
y
Decimal
29
80
x
y
[Range]
0 ≤ x ≤ 255
0 ≤ y ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the horizontal and vertical motion units to approximately 25.4/x mm {1/x"} and
approximately 25.4/y mm {1/y"}, respectively.
When x and y are set to 0, the default setting of each value is used.
[Notes]
• The horizontal direction is perpendicular to the paper feed direction and the
vertical direction is the paper feed direction.
• In standard mode, the following commands use x or y, regardless of character
rotation (upside-down or 90° clockwise rotation):
① Commands using x: ESC SP, ESC $, ESC \, FS S, GS L, GS W
② Commands using y: ESC 3, ESC J, ESC K
• In page mode, the following commands use x or y, depending on character
orientation:
① When the print starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the
printing area using ESC T (data is buffered in the direction perpendicular to
the paper feed direction):
Commands using x: ESC SP, ESC $, ESC W, ESC \, FS S
Commands using y: ESC 3, ESC J, ESC W, GS $ , GS \
② When the print starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the
printing area using ESC T (data is buffered in the paper feed direction):
Commands using x: ESC 3, ESC J, ESC W, GS $, GS \
Commands using y: ESC SP, ESC $, ESC W, ESC \, FS S
• The command does not affect the previously specified values.
• The calculated result from combining this command with others is truncated to
the minimum value of the mechanical pitch.
[Default]
x = 150, y = 144
[Reference]
ESC SP, ESC $, ESC 3, ESC J, ESC K, ESC \, FS S, GS L, GS W
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GS W nL nH
[Name]
Set printing area width
[Format]
ASCII
GS
W
nL
nH
Hex
1D
57
nL
nH
Decimal
29
87
nL
nH
[Range]
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255
0 ≤ nH ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the printing area width to the area specified by nL and nH.
• The printing area width is set to [(nL + nH × 256) × horizontal motion unit)] inches.
Printable area
Left margin
[Notes]
Printing area width
• This command is effective only processed at the beginning of the line.
• If this command is input in page mode, the printer executes only internal flag
operations.
• This command does not affect printing in page mode.
• If the [left margin + printing area width] exceeds the printable area, [printable
area width - left margin) is used.
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are specified by GS P. Changing the
horizontal and vertical motion units does not affect the current left margin.
• The horizontal motion unit (x) is used for calculating the printing area width. The
calculated result is truncated to the minimum value of the mechanical pitch.
• If the width set for the printing area is less than the width of one character, when
the character data is developed, the following processing is performed:
① The printing area width is extended to the right to accommodate one
character.
Printable area
A
Left margin
Extended to right
Printing area width set by nL and nH
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② If the printing area width cannot be extended sufficiently, the left margin is
reduced to accommodate one character.
Printable area
A
Left margin
② Reduce left margin
① Extended to right
[Default]
③ If the printing area width cannot be extended sufficiently, the right space is
reduced.
• If the width set for the printing area is less than one line in vertical, the following
processing is performed only on the line in question when data other than
character data (e.g., bit image, user-defined bit image) is developed:
① The printing area width is extended to the right to accommodate one line in
vertical for the bit image within the printable area.
② If the printing area width cannot be extended sufficiently, the left margin is
reduced to accommodate one line in vertical.
nL = 32, nH = 3
[Reference]
GS L, GS P
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GS \ nL nH
[Name]
Set relative vertical print position in page mode
[Format]
ASCII
GS
\
nL
nH
Hex
1D
5C
nL
nH
Decimal
29
92
nL nH
0 ≤ nL ≤ 255
0 ≤ nH ≤ 255
[Description] Sets the relative vertical print starting position from the current position in page
mode.
• This command sets the distance from the current position to [(nL + nH × 256)
× vertical or horizontal motion unit] inches.
[Notes]
• This command is ignored unless page mode is selected.
• When pitch N is specified for the movement downward:
nL + nH × 256 = N
When pitch N is specified for the movement upward (the negative direction), use
the complement of 65536.
When pitch N is specified for the movement upward:
nL + nH × 256 = 65536 - N
• Any setting that exceeds the specified printing area is ignored.
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are specified by GS P.
• The GS P command can change the horizontal (and vertical) motion units.
However, the value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal motion amount,
and it must be in even units of the minimum horizontal motion amount.
• This command functions as follows, depending on the print starting position set
by ESC T:
① When the starting position is set to the upper left or lower right of the printing,
the vertical motion unit (y) is used.
② When the starting position is set to the upper right or lower left of the printing
area, the horizontal motion unit (x) is used.
[Reference] ESC $, ESC T, ESC W, ESC \, GS $, GS P, 3.12 Page Mode
[Range]
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GS a n
[Name]
Enable/Disable Automatic Status Back (ASB)
[Format]
ASCII
GS
a
n
Hex
1D
61
n
Decimal
29
97
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Enables or disables ASB and specifies the status items to include, using n as
follows:
Bit
Off/On
Hex
Decimal
Status for ASB
0
Off
00
0
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 status disabled.
On
01
1
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 status enabled.
Off
00
0
Online/offline status disabled.
On
02
2
Online/offline status enabled.
Off
00
0
Error status disabled.
On
04
4
Error status enabled.
3
-
-
-
Undefined.
4
-
-
-
Undefined.
5
Off
00
0
Slip paper sensor status disabled.
On
20
32
Slip paper sensor status enabled.
6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
-
-
-
Undefined.
1
2
[Notes]
• If any of the status items in the table above are enabled, the printer transmits the
status when this command is executed. The printer automatically transmits the
status whenever the enabled status item changes. The disabled status items
may change, in this case, because each status transmission represents the
current status.
• If all status items are disabled, the ASB function is also disabled.
• If the ASB is enabled as a default, the printer transmits the status when the
printer data reception and transmission is possible at the first time from when the
printer is turned on.
• The following four status bytes are transmitted without confirming whether the
host is ready to receive data. The four status bytes must be consecutive, except
for the XOFF code.
• Since this command is executed after the data is processed in the receive buffer,
there may be a time lag between data reception and status transmission.
• When the printer is disabled by ESC = (Select peripheral device), the four status
bytes are transmitted whenever the status changes.
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• When using DLE EOT, GS I, or GS r, the status transmitted by these commands
and ASB status must be differentiated, according to the procedure in Appendix
C, Transmission Status Identification.
• The status to be transmitted are as follows:
First byte (printer information)
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal Status for ASB
0
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
1
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
2
Off
00
0
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is LOW.
On
04
4
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is HIGH.
Off
00
0
Online.
On
08
8
Offline.
4
Off
10
16
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5
Off
00
0
Cover is closed.
On
20
32
Cover is open.
Off
00
0
Paper is not being fed by using the FORWARD/REVERSE
button.
On
40
64
Paper is being fed by using the FORWARD/REVERSE
button.
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
3
6
7
Bit5:
When the printer cover is open during printing, the printer is in the recoverable error.
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Second byte (printer information)
Bit 2:
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal
Status for ASB
0
-
-
-
Undefined.
1
-
-
-
Undefined.
2
Off
00
0
No mechanical error.
On
04
4
Mechanical error occurred.
3
-
-
-
Undefined.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5
Off
00
0
No unrecoverable error.
On
20
32
Unrecoverable error occurred.
6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Mechanical error indicates the home position detection error, carriage detection
error, slip paper ejection error, or slip cover open error during printing.
If these errors occur due to paper jams or the like, it is possible to recover by
correcting the cause of the error and executing DLE ENQ n (1 ≤ n ≤ 2). If an error
due to a circuit failure (e.g. wire break) occurs, it is impossible to recover.
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Third byte (paper sensor information)
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal
Status for ASB
0
-
-
-
Undefined.
1
-
-
-
Undefined.
2
-
-
-
Undefined.
3
-
-
-
Undefined.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5
Off
00
0
TOF sensor: paper present.
On
20
32
TOF sensor: paper not present.
Off
00
0
BOF sensor: paper present.
On
40
64
BOF sensor: paper not present.
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
6
7
Fourth byte (paper sensor information)
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal
Status for ASB
0
Off
00
0
Slip is selected.
1
Off
00
0
Can print on slip.
On
02
2
Cannot print on slip.
2, 3
-
-
-
Undefined.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5, 6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Bit 1:
• Bit 1 is 0 when the slip is set (can print) and Bit 1 is 1 when the slip ejection starts
(cannot print).
• When printing stop due to paper end of a slip is disabled by ESC c 4, if there is
no printable area on the slip, Bit 1 of fourth byte is not On (cannot print on slip).
Check if there is printing area on the slip by using GS r 3.
[Default]
n = 0 when DIP SW 2-1 is off, n = 2 when DIP SW 2-1 is on.
[Reference]
DLE EOT, ESC c 4, GS r, FS a, Appendix C
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GS r n
[Name]
Transmit status
[Format]
ASCII
GS
r
n
Hex
1D
72
n
Decimal
29
114
n
1 ≤ n ≤ 3, 49 ≤ n ≤ 51
[Range]
[Description] Transmits the status specified by n as follows:
n
Function
1, 49
Transmits paper sensor status
2, 50
Transmits drawer kick-out connector status
3, 51
Transmits slip status
[Notes]
• When using a serial interface
When DTR/DSR control is selected, the printer transmits only 1 byte after
confirming the host is ready to receive data (DSR signal is SPACE). If the host
computer is not ready to receive data (DSR signal is MARK), the printer waits until
the host is ready.
When XON/XOFF control is selected, the printer transmits only 1 byte without
confirming the condition of the DSR signal.
• This command is executed when the data in the receive buffer is developed.
Therefore, there may be a time lag between receiving this command and
transmitting the status, depending on the receive buffer status.
• When Auto Status Back (ASB) is enabled using GS a, the status transmitted by GS
r and the ASB status must be differentiated using the table in Appendix C.
• The status types to be transmitted are shown below:
Paper sensor status (n = 1, 49):
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal
Status for ASB
0
-
-
-
Undefined.
1
-
-
-
Undefined.
2
-
-
-
Undefined.
3
-
-
-
Undefined.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5
Off
00
0
TOF sensor: paper present.
On
20
32
TOF sensor: paper not present.
Off
00
0
BOF sensor: paper present.
On
40
64
BOF sensor: paper not present.
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
6
7
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Drawer kick-out connector status (n = 2, 50):
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal
Function
0
Off
00
0
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is LOW.
On
01
1
Drawer kick-out connector pin 3 is HIGH.
1-3
-
-
-
Undefined.
4
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
5, 6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Not used. Fixed to Off.
Slip Status (n = 3, 51)
The remaining print area (times of the number of dots in vertical for one character) is
transmitted as values from 00H to 06H.
The number of remaining dots
[Reference]
Slip status
0-8
00H
9 - 17
01H
18 - 26
02H
27-35
03H
36 - 44
04H
45 - 53
05H
54 or more
06H
DLE EOT, GS a, Appendix C
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6.4 Kanji Control Commands
(only for Japanese, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese Model)
FS ! n
[Name]
Set print mode(s) for Kanji characters
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
FS
1C
28
!
21
33
n
n
n
[Description] Sets the print mode for Kanji characters, using n as follows:
Bit
Off/On Hex
Decimal
Function
0
-
-
-
Undefined.
1
-
-
-
Undefined.
2
Off
00
0
Double-width mode is OFF.
On
04
4
Double-width mode is ON.
Off
00
.
Double-height mode is OFF.
On
08
8
Double-height mode is ON.
4
-
-
-
Undefined.
5
-
-
-
Undefined.
6
-
-
-
Undefined.
7
Off
00
0
Underline mode is OFF.
On
80
128
Underline mode is ON.
3
[Notes]
• When both double-width and double-height modes are set (including right- and
left-side character spacing), quadruple-size characters are printed.
• The printer can underline all characters (including right- and left-side character
spacing), but cannot underline the space set by HT.
• The thickness of the underline is that specified by FS -, regardless of the
character size.
• When some of the characters in a line are double or more height, all the
characters on the line are aligned at the baseline.
• It is possible to emphasize the Kanji character using FS W or GS !, the setting of
the last received command is effective.
• It is possible to turn under line mode on or off using FS -, and the setting of the
last received command is effective.
[Default]
[Reference]
n=0
FS -, FS W, GS !
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FS &
[Name]
Select Kanji character mode
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
FS
1C
28
&
26
38
[Description] Selects Kanji character mode.
[Notes]
• When the Kanji character code system is SHIFT JIS, the printer performs only
internal flag operations. Printing is not affected.
• Kanji character mode is not selected when the power is turned on.
• Kanji codes are processed in the order of the first byte and second byte.
[Reference]
FS ., FS C
FS - n
[Name]
Turn underline mode on/off for Kanji characters
[Format]
ASCII
Hex
Decimal
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 1, 48 ≤ n ≤ 49
FS
1C
28
2D
45
n
n
n
[Description] Turns underline mode for Kanji characters on or off, based on the following values
of n:
n
Function
0, 48
Turns off underline mode for Kanji characters
1, 49
Turns on underline mode for Kanji characters (1-dot thick)
[Notes]
• The printer can underline all characters (including right- and left-side character
spacing), but cannot underline the space set by HT.
• Changing the character size does not affect the current underline thickness.
• It is possible to turn underline mode on or off using FS !, and the last received
command is effective.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
FS !
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FS .
[Name]
Cancel Kanji character mode
[Format]
ASCII
FS
.
Hex
1C
2E
Decimal
28
46
[Description] Cancels Kanji character mode.
[Notes]
• When the Kanji character code system is SHIFT JIS, the printer performs only
internal flag operations. Printing is not affected.
• Kanji character mode is not the default setting.
[Reference]
FS &, FS C
FS 2 c1 c2 d1...dk
[Name]
Define user-defined Kanji characters
[Format]
ASCII
FS
2
c1
c2 d1...dk
Hex
1C
32
c1
c2
d1...dk
Decimal
28
50
c1
c2
d1...dk
[Range]
When the JIS code system is specified:
c1 = <77>H
<21>H ≤ c2 ≤ <7E>H
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
k = 32
When the SHIFT JIS code system is specified:
c1 = <EC>H
<40>H ≤ c2 ≤ <7E>H and <80>H ≤ c2 ≤ <9E>H
0 ≤ d ≤ 255
k = 32
[Description] Defines user-defined Kanji characters for the character codes specified by c1 and
c2.
[Notes]
• c1 and c2 indicate character codes for the defined characters. The range of
values for c1 and c2 differ depending on the character code system used.
• d indicates the dot data. Set a corresponding bit to 1 to print a dot or to 0 to not
print a dot.
[Default]
All spaces.
[Reference]
FS C
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<Example>
16dots
d1 d3 d5
d31
16dots
MSB
d32
d2 d4
LSB
[character]
When the dot pattern for JIS code <7721>H is defined as shown above.
FS 2
c1 c2 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 d8 d9 d10 d11 d12
Code (Hex) IC 32 77 21 00 00 38 20 20 20 20 20 24 20 24 20
d13 d14 d15 d16 d17 d18 d19 d20 d21 d22 d23 d24 d25 d26 d27 d28 d29
24 21 24 21 E4 FF 24 20 25 20 26 20 24 20 20 20 20
d30 d31 d32
20 38 20
The corresponding bit is 1 when printing and 0 when not printing.
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FS C n
[Name]
Select Kanji character code system
[Format]
ASCII
FS
C
n
Hex
1C
43
n
Decimal
28
67
n
[Range]
n = 0, 1, 48, 49
[Description] Selects a Kanji character code system, based on the following values of n:
n
Kanji System
0, 48
JIS code
1, 49
SHIFT JIS code
[Notes]
• In the JIS code system, the following codes are available:
Primary byte:
<21>H to <7E>H
Secondary byte:
<21>H to <7E>H
• In the SHIFT JIS code system, the following codes are available:
Primary byte:
<81>H to <9F>H and <E0>H to <EF>H
Secondary byte:
<40>H to <7E>H and <80>H to <FC>H
[Default]
n=0
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FS S n1 n2
[Name]
Set left- and right-side Kanji character spacing
[Format]
ASCII
FS
S
n1
n2
Hex
1C
53
n1
n2
Decimal
28
83
n1
n2
[Range]
0 ≤ n1 ≤ 255
0 ≤ n2 ≤ 255
[Description] Sets left- and right-side Kanji character spacing n1 and n2, respectively.
• When the printer model used supports GS P, the left-side character spacing is
[n1 × horizontal or vertical motion units] inches, and the right-side character
spacing is [n2 × horizontal or vertical motion units] inches.
[Notes]
• When double-width mode is set, the left- and right-side character spacing is
twice the normal value.
• The horizontal and vertical motion units are set by GS P. The previously
specified character spacing does not change, even if the horizontal or vertical
motion unit is changed using GS P.
• The value cannot be less than the minimum horizontal movement amount, and
must be in even units of the minimum horizontal movement amount.
[Default]
n1 = 0, n2 = 0
[Reference]
GS P
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FS W n
[Name]
Turn quadruple-size mode on/off for Kanji characters
[Format]
ASCII
FS
W
n
Hex
1C
57
n
Decimal
28
87
n
[Range]
0 ≤ n ≤ 255
[Description] Turns quadruple-size mode on or off for Kanji characters.
• When LSB of n is 0, quadruple-size mode for Kanji characters is turned off.
• When LSB of n is 1, quadruple-size mode for Kanji characters is turned on.
[Notes]
• Only the lowest bit of n is valid.
• In quadruple-size mode, the printer prints the same size characters as when
double-width and double-height modes are both turned on.
• When quadruple-size mode is turned off using this command, the following
characters are printed in normal size.
• When some of the characters on a line are different in height, all the characters
on the line are aligned at the baseline.
• When characters are enlarged in the horizontal direction, they are enlarged to
the right, based on the left side of the character.
• FS ! or GS ! can also select and cancel quadruple-size mode by selecting
double-height and double-width modes, and the setting of the last received
command is effective.
[Default]
n=0
[Reference]
FS !, GS !
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APPENDIX A: MISCELLANEOUS NOTES
A.1 Notes on Printing and Paper Feeding
1) Print duty
• When printing exceeds the allowable print duty cycle, the printer automatically senses the
status and controls printing (both for receipt and slip). In this case, the printing speed may
slow temporarily. When print duty is lowered to normal, the printing speed also returns to
normal.
2) Inserting slip paper
Slip paper should be inserted correctly by matching the top edge with the form stopper and
the right side with the right side of the paper insert portion.
If the paper is not straight, the sensors (TOF and BOF sensors) cannot detect it. The paper
cannot be clamped.
As soon as the paper is engaged by the paper feed roller and the print head, immediately let
go of it.
3) Printing on slip paper
•
Slip paper can be ejected in both forward (default) and backward directions. However,
for small paper, ejecting in the forward direction is recommended.
•
Slip paper should be inserted correctly by matching the top edge with the form stopper
and the right side with the right side of the paper insert portion.
•
The slip waiting time and the interval from when slip is inserted to when the operation
starts can be set using ESC f.
•
After the slip is ejected, the SLIP LED indicator lights and the printer does not proceed
to the next operation until the slip paper is removed.
•
The remaining printing space for printing the following data on slip can be checked
using GS r 3.
•
Printing with the ejection of the slip paper toward you is prohibited. Doing so may cause
paper jams and ink-stained paper.
•
Do not execute a mechanical reset with the slip paper inserted. Doing so may cause
the paper edge to be caught by the print head carriage.
•
Be sure to turn on the power with no slip paper inserted. Otherwise, the paper may be
caught by the print head carriage.
ASB function is recommended to check the slip status.
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A.2 Notes on Printer Installation
1) When transporting the TM-U590 series printer, the dampers are in the left side of the slip
section and in the bottom of the paper roll section. Therefore, remove the dampers before
using the printer.
2) Connect the external power supply to the power supply connector of the printer. Then plug in
the external power supply and turn it on if necessary. Be sure not to connect the external
power supply with the wrong polarity. If it is connected incorrectly, the internal circuit fuse of
the printer may be blown or the external power supply may be damaged.
• The power supply voltage is within the range of 24 V ± 10% (21.6 ~ 26.4V)
If the power supply voltage drops to the outside of the range above during printing, the printer
stops printing and waits until the voltage returns to normal and then automatically begins
printing again. Therefore, printing speed may slow, the print pitch may not be correct, and
some dots in some characters may not be printed.
• When the power supply voltage exceeds 26.4V for a certain time continuously, it is a high
voltage error. When the voltage is below 21.6V for a certain time continuously, it is a low
voltage error.
• Both high and low voltage errors are shown in Table 3.7.3. The blinking patterns are
shown in the table.
• When either a high or low voltage error occurs, turn off the power as soon as possible.
A.3 Other Notes
• Because this printer uses plated steel, the cutting edges may be subject to rust. However,
this does not affect the printer performance.
• When you move the printer, put your hand under the printer so that you do not apply
excessive pressure to the printer case.
• Do not set any liquids or drinks such as coffee on the printer case.
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APPENDIX B: REPLACING THE RIBBON CASSETTE
1) Turn off the power.
2) Pull the front cover toward you and lift it up.
3) Remove the ribbon cassette.
4) Make sure that the print head is on the right side and turn the feed knob to take up any slack
in the ribbon. Then insert the new ribbon cassette.
(Note that if the ribbon is not correctly placed in the ribbon guide, when you insert slip paper it
may catch on the ribbon or become stained with ink from the ribbon.)
5) Push the front cover down and back.
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APPENDIX C: TRANSMISSION STATUS IDENTIFICATION
Because the specified status bits transmitted from the TM-U590 series printer are fixed, the user
can confirm the command to which the status belongs, as shown in the following table.
Command & Function
Status Reply
GS I
<0∗∗0∗∗∗∗>B
GS r
<0∗∗0∗∗∗∗>B
XON
<00010001>B
XOFF
<00010011>B
DLE EOT 1~5
<0∗∗1∗∗10>B
ASB (1st byte)
<0∗∗1∗∗00>B
ASB (2nd to 4th bytes)
<0∗∗0∗∗∗∗>B
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APPENDIX D: CONFIGURING THE SPACE PAGE
The space page is the character code table where character codes 80H to FFH are all undefined.
This character code table is selected when n is set to 255 using the character code table selection
command ESC t n.
1) Space page top address
Space page top address
Page
Character Table
255
Space page
7×9
9×9
FD78F6H
FD6CF6H
2) Calculating the character data top address
The character data top address is calculated as follows:
• 7 × 9 font (graphics)
Character data top address = Space page top address + (character code - 80H) × 18
• 9 × 9 font (graphics)
Character data top address = Space page top address + (character code - 80H) × 24
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3) Example configuring the font data
• 7 × 9 font (in case of character code 90H on page 255)
Figure D.1 7 × 9 font
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• 9 × 9 font (in case of character code F0H on page 255)
Figure D.2 9 × 9 font
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4) Notes
Do not use character patterns in which dots are horizontally adjacent.
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
The pattern shown above, in which  and z adjoin horizontally, is prohibited.
Figure D.3 Prohibited Dot Patterns
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APPENDIX E: NOTES ON USING THE DRAWER KICK-OUT
CONNECTOR
1) Drawer kick-out connector use conditions (refer to Section 2.2.3, Drawer kick-out connector)
Because drawer specifications differ depending the manufacturer and the part number,
make sure that the specifications of the drawer to be used meet the following conditions
before connecting it to the drawer kick-out connector. These conditions also apply to any
other devices that use the drawer kick-out connector.
Any devices that do not satisfy all the following conditions must not be used.
[Conditions]
• A load must be provided between drawer kick-out connector pins 4 and 2 or between pins
4 and 5. (Operating the printer with incorrectly installed devices voids the warranty.)
• When the drawer open/close signal is used, a switch must be provided between drawer
kick-out connector pins 3 and 6. (Connecting devices other than the drawer open/close
switch voids the warranty.)
• The resistance of the load must be 24 Ω or more, or the input current must be 1 A or less.
(If a device with a resistance of less than 24 Ω or an input current of over 1 A is used, the
resulting overcurrent may damage the printer and the device.)
• Be sure to use drawer kick-out connector pin 4 (24 V power output) to drive the device.
Never connect any other power supply to the drawer kick-out connector. (Connecting a
power supply other than that specified voids the warranty.)
The peak current is 1 A. When energizing the drawer kick-out drive signal, follow the
conditions described in 3) of Section 2.2.3, Drawer kick-out drive signal.
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APPENDIX F: EXAMPLE PRINTING IN PAGE MODE
Example use of page mode is described in this appendix.
A typical procedure for transmitting commands in page mode is as follows:
① Transmit ESC L to enter page mode.
② Specify the printable area using ESC W.
③ Specify the printing direction using ESC T.
④ Transmit the print data.
⑤ Collectively print the data by sending an FF.
⑥ After printing, the printer automatically returns to standard mode.
Example 1: Sample program in BASIC (assumes transmission to the printer is already
possible with file #1 open)
100 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"L";
110 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"W";CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);
120 PRINT #1,CHR$(200);CHR$(0);CHR$(144);CHR$(1);
130 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"T";CHR$(0);
140 PRINT #1,"Page mode lesson TEST 1"
150 PRINT #1,CHR$(&HC);
In the program for Example 1, a printable area of 200 × 400 dots starting at (0,0) is set, and
characters are printed on the first line of the area as shown in Figure F.1.
(0,0)
200
Page mode lesson
TEST 1
← Paper
← Printable area
400
Figure F.1 Page Mode Example 1
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Note that a line feed was inserted between "lesson" and "TEST 1" in Figure F.1. This line feed
was inserted automatically because there was no room for the blank " " following the word
"lesson" within the horizontal range of the 200 × 400 printable area. The feed amount here is that
specified by ESC 3. Any number of printable areas can be specified before the FF is executed. If
any printable areas overlap, however, the logical sum of the data written to the overlapping
portions is used for the final printing.
It is possible to erase a portion of the data that is already developed. Using ESC W, specify a
printable area consisting of only the section to be erased; then use CAN to erase the data. All the
data existing in the specified printable area can be erased, even if it is just a portion of a character.
Example 2: Sample program in BASIC
100 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"L";
110 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"W";CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);
120 PRINT #1,CHR$(200);CHR$(0);CHR$(144);CHR$(1);
130 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"T";CHR$(0);
140 PRINT #1,"Page mode lesson 2 CAN command"
150 PRINT #1,CHR$(&HA);
160 PRINT #1,"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST1234567890"
170 PRINT #1,CHR$(&HC);
This example works as follows:
First, transmit ESC L to switch to page mode (line no. 100). Then use ESC W to send 8
parameters from n1 to n8 to specify the printable area. To specify a printable area of 200 dots in
the x direction and 400 dots in the y direction, starting from the origin (0,0), the parameters are
transmitted in the order of 0,0,0,0,200,0,144,1 (line nos. 110 and 120). In addition, the printing
direction is specified as 0 by using ESC T (line no. 130).
After these items are specified, the print data "Page mode lesson 2 CAN command" and
"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST1234567890" are transmitted (line nos. 140 to 160). By sending
FF (line no. 170), the printout shown in Figure F.2 is produced.
(0,0)
200
Page mode lesson
2 CAN command
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP
QRST1234567890
← Paper
← Printable area
400
Figure F.2 Page Mode Example 2
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If the program lines listed below are included before the FF is transmitted, a portion of the data will
be deleted:
170 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"W";CHR$(72);CHR$(0);CHR$(96);CHR$(0);
180 PRINT #1,CHR$(51);CHR$(0);CHR$(81);CHR$(0);
190 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H18);
200 PRINT #1,CHR$(&HC);
If the above program is included, character string "GHI" is deleted, resulting in the printout shown
in Figure F.3. When an area is deleted with CAN, the deleted part is left blank.
(0,0)
200
Page mode lesson
2 CAN command
ABCDEF JKLMNOP
QRST1234567890
← Paper
← Printable area
400
Figure F.3 Page Mode Example 3
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