E.F. Johnson Company 51SL ES Operating instructions

5100 ES Models II/III
Portable Radio
Operating Manual
Project 25 Conventional and Trunked
Analog and Digital Conventional
SMARTNET®/SmartZone®
Part Number 002-5100-72004
April 2009
Copyright © 2006 - 2009 by EFJohnson Technologies
The EFJohnson Technologies logo, PC Configure™, Trunked IP25™, and Call Guard® are trademarks of
EFJohnson Technologies. All other company and/or product names used in this manual are trademarks and/
or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
Information in this manual is subject to change without notice.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual
April 2009
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating
Manual
April 2009
Table of Contents
Safety Requirements
1
Features
ix
1-1
General Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Conventional Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
SMARTNET / SmartZone Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Project 25 Trunked Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
2
Controls and Display
2-1
Front Panel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Top Panel Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Side Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Signaling Tones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
3
General Operation
3-1
Turning Power On and Setting Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard and Soft Power Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Volume Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-2
Power-Up Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Zone and Channel Select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zone Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54-channel/16-zone Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct Zone / Channel Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Combined Zone and Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-7
i
Table of Contents (continued)
Favorite Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Battery and Accessory Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Battery Removal / Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Low Battery Indication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Battery Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Beltclip Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Connecting an Accessory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Backlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Keypad Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Setting Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Transmit Disable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
4
Radio Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventional Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMARTNET / SmartZone Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Trunked Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Systems, Channels, and Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-14
3-14
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-16
3-16
3-16
Radio-wide Features
4-1
Viewing Radio Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Option Key/Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Feature Enable / Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Menu Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Function Recall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Time-Out Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Home Channel Select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Power Output Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Alert Tone Select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Surveillance Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Priority Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Radio Wide Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Scan Hold Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Transmitting in the Scan Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Priority Scan Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Radio Wide Scan Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Nuisance Channel Add / Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Scan Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Priority Scan Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
ii
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Table of Contents (continued)
Determining Channels in Priority Scan List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting a Priority Scan List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing a Priority Scan List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radio Wide Scan Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining Channels in Radio Wide Scan List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing a Radio Wide Scan List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
4-12
4-12
4-13
4-13
4-14
Global Positioning System (GPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Viewing GPS Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Sending GPS Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
5
Conventional Mode Features
5-1
Monitoring Before Transmitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Automatic Channel Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Manual Channel Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Monitor Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Busy Channel Lockout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Call Guard Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Call Guard Squelch Enable / Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tone Call Guard Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Call Guard Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Call Guard Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selective Squelch Code Select (CTCSS / DCS / NAC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
5-4
5-4
5-4
5-5
5-5
Penalty Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Conversation Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Repeater Talkaround . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Displaying Transmit / Receive Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Emergency Alarm and Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Emergency Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Emergency Call Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Emergency Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Emergency Hot Mic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Placing an Emergency Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
External Emergency Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Conventional Mode Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmitting in Scan Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Priority Channel Sampling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Priority Channel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-11
5-11
5-11
5-12
Standard Conventional Calls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Placing a Standard Conventional Call. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Receiving a Standard Conventional Call. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
ANI Signaling Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DTMF / ANI Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single Tone Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MDC1200 Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Five-Tone Signaling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
5-14
5-14
5-14
5-15
5-15
iii
Table of Contents (continued)
Clone Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Wireless Cloning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Cloning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
6
Project 25 Mode Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital Unit ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Talkgroup ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Access Code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Out of Range (EFJohnson Conventional) Indication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic (EFJohnson Conventional) Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Group Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing a Channel Talkgroup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Talkgroup Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Unit Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Conventional Telephone Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access / De-Access Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Placing a Telephone Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Answering a Telephone Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Call Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Call History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Messaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Messaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Packet Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-17
5-17
5-17
5-18
5-18
5-18
5-18
5-19
5-19
5-20
5-20
5-21
5-21
5-22
5-22
5-23
5-23
5-24
5-24
Keypad Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Menu Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zone Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zone Change Parameter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Change Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CTCSS / DCS Squelch Control (Analog Channel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NAC Squelch Control (Project 25 Channel). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-25
5-25
5-26
5-27
5-27
5-27
5-28
5-29
5-29
Text Messaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Setup for Text Messaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending a Text Message. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receiving a Text Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replying to a Received Text Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Previously Received Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-29
5-30
5-30
5-31
5-31
5-32
Sending Global Positioning System (GPS) Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manually Sending GPS Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatically Sending GPS Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending GPS Data in Response to System Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-32
5-33
5-33
5-33
SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
6-1
Analog and Digital Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Standard Group Calls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Placing a Standard Group Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Receiving a Standard Group Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Private (Unit-To-Unit) Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Placing an Enhanced Private Conversation Call. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
iv
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Table of Contents (continued)
Placing a Standard Private Conversation Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Receiving a Private Call (All Types) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Telephone Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Placing a Telephone Call. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Answering a Telephone Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Call Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Answering a Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Initiating a Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Messaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Sending Status Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Emergency Alarm and Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency Call Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency Hot Mic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Placing an Emergency Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Emergency Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
6-11
6-12
6-12
6-13
6-13
6-14
Failsoft Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Failsoft Connect Tone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Scanning Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Priority Talkgroup Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Dynamic Regrouping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
7
SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signal Strength Indication Icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Busy Override . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Site Trunking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining Current Site and Searching For New Site. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locking / Unlocking a Site. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto Site Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ZoneFail Site Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Wide Area Scan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal P25 and SmartZone Control Channel Hunt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Talkgroup Steering through System Access Permissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
P25 Wide Area Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initialize System Info on System Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
6-17
6-17
6-18
6-18
6-19
6-19
6-19
6-20
6-20
6-20
6-21
6-21
Miscellaneous
7-1
Error Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
System Operator Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Speaking Into Microphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Operation At Extended Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Licensing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Radio Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
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Table of Contents (continued)
8
Determining Available Options
8-1
9
Passwords
9-1
Password Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User (Power-On) Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Download/Upload Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Master Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zone Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-1
9-1
9-2
9-2
9-2
Programming Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lost Passwords. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Entry Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2
9-3
9-3
9-3
10 Secure Communication (Encryption)
10-1
Encryption Algorithms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SecureNet™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Encryption Available With Various Channel Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FIPS Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-1
10-1
10-2
10-2
10-2
Encryption Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key and Algorithm IDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PID / SLN Key Management Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintaining Keys in Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Encryption Key Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Encryption Key Erase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Encryption Icon Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-2
10-3
10-3
10-4
10-4
10-5
10-5
Clear / Secure Strapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmit Mode Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Receive Mode Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Talkgroup Encryption Override . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-5
10-5
10-6
10-6
Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7
Encryption Key Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7
Keysets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7
Key Management Facility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8
Message Number Period (MNP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-9
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-10
Motorola Third-Party RNC Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12
Programming By Keyloader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-12
Radio OTAR Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OTAR Messages That Are Supported. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OTAR Option Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Functions Selectable by 5100 ES Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-13
10-13
10-14
10-14
Over the Air Programming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Radio Set Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
OTAP Transfer Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-16
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Table of Contents (continued)
11 Data Features
11-1
P25 Trunking Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
Interface Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
Context Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
PPP Link Establishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Connection and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-18
12 Service Information
12-1
Product Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
Online Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
Telephone Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Factory Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Returns for Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-3
Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
Internet Home Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
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Table of Contents (continued)
viii
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
List of Figures
Figure
Page
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
3.1
3.2
3.3
4.1
5.1
10.1
10.2
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
11.10
11.11
11.12
11.13
11.14
11.15
11.16
11.17
11.18
11.19
11.20
11.21
Front Panel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Top Panel Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Side Controls and Jacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Graphical Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
5100 Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Battery Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Beltclip Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Accessory Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Menu Mode Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Keypad Programming Menu Flowchart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26
Key Selection Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
Keyset Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8
Network Connection Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
New Connection Wizard Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4
Network Connection Type Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-5
Advanced Connection Options Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-6
Host or Guest Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
Connection Name Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
Select a Device Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8
Connection Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-9
Completing New Connection Wizard Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-9
Connect Radio Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-10
Radio Properties Screen: General Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-11
Modem Configuration Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-12
Radio Properties Screen: Options Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-13
Radio Properties Screen: Networking Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-14
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-15
Advanced TCP/IP Settings Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-16
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-17
Radio Properties Screen: Networking Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-18
Radio Connection Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-19
Command Prompt Screen: Sending “Ping” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-19
Command Prompt Screen: Replies to Successful “Ping” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-20
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
vii
List of Figures (continued)
Figure
viii
Page
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
List of Tables
Table
2.1
2.2
2.3
4.1
4.2
Page
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
LED Startup Failure Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Tones for the 5100 ES Radios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Programmable Option Button and Menu Mode Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Features which May Be Enabled/Disabled using the Function Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
vii
List of Tables (continued)
Table
viii
Page
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Safety Requirements
Section0
RF Energy Exposure Awareness and Control Information, and
Operational Instructions for FCC Occupational Use Requirements
Before using your portable two-way Radio, read this important RF Energy Awareness
And Control Information And Operational Instructions to ensure compliance with the
FCC’s RF exposure guidelines.
Note
This radio is intended for use in occupational/controlled conditions where users have full
knowledge of their exposure and can exercise control over their exposure to meet FCC
limits. This radio device is NOT authorized for general population, consumer, or any
other use.
This two-way radio uses electromagnetic energy in the radio frequency (RF) spectrum to
provide communications between two or more users over a distance. It uses radio
frequency (RF) energy or radio waves to send and receive calls. RF energy is one form of
electromagnetic energy. Other forms include, but are not limited to, electric power,
sunlight and x-rays. RF energy, however, should not be confused with these other forms of
electromagnetic energy, which when used improperly can cause biological damage. Very
high levels of x-rays, for example, can damage tissues and genetic material.
Experts in science, engineering, medicine, health and industry work with organizations to
develop standards for exposure to RF energy. These standards provide recommended
levels of RF exposure for both workers and the general public. These recommended RF
exposure levels include substantial margins of protection. All two-way radios marketed in
North America are designed, manufactured and tested to ensure they meet government
established RF exposure levels. In addition, manufacturers also recommend specific
operating instructions to users of two-way radios. These instructions are important
because they inform users about RF energy exposure and provide simple procedures on
how to control it. Please refer to the following web sites for more information on what RF
energy exposure is and how to control your exposure to assure compliance with
established RF exposure limits.
• http://www.fcc.gov/oet/rfsafety/rf-faqs.html
• http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/radiofrequencyradiation/index.html
Federal Communications Commission Regulations
The FCC rules require manufacturers to comply with the FCC RF energy exposure limits
for portable two-way radios before they can be marketed in the U.S. When two-way radios
are used as a consequence of employment, the FCC requires users to be fully aware of and
able to control their exposure to meet occupational requirements. Exposure awareness can
be facilitated by the use of a product label directing users to specific user awareness
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
ix
information. Your EFJohnson Technologies two-way radio has a RF exposure product
label. Also, your EFJohnson Technologies user manual, or product manual, or separate
safety booklet includes information and operating instructions required to control your RF
exposure and to satisfy compliance requirements.
Compliance with RF Exposure Standards
Your EFJohnson Technologies two-way radio is designed and tested to comply with a
number of national and international standards and guidelines (listed below) for human
exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy. This radio complies with the IEEE
and ICNIRP exposure limits for occupational/controlled RF exposure environment at
operating duty factors of up to 50% transmitting and is authorized by the FCC for
occupational use only. In terms of measuring RF energy for compliance with the FCC
exposure guidelines, your radio radiates measurable RF energy only while it is
transmitting (during talking), not when it is receiving (listening) or in standby mode.
Note
The approved batteries supplied with this radio are rated for a 5-5-90 duty factor (5%
talk-5% listen - 90% standby), even though this radio complies with the FCC occupational
RF exposure limits and may operate at duty factors of up to 50% talk.
Your EFJohnson Technologies two-way radio complies with the following RF energy
exposure standards and guidelines:
• United States Federal Communications Commission, Code of Federal Regulations; 47
CFR §§ 1.1307, 1.1310, 2.1091 and 2.1093
• American National Standards Institute (ANSI) / Institute of Electrical and Electronic
Engineers (IEEE) C95. 1-1992
• Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) C95.1-1999 Edition
RF Exposure Compliance and Control Guidelines and Operating
Instructions
To control your exposure and ensure compliance with the occupational/controlled
environment exposure limits, always adhere to the following procedures.
Guidelines
• Do not remove the RF Exposure Label from the device.
• User awareness instructions should accompany the device when it is transferred to other
users.
• Do not use this device if the operational requirements described herein are not met.
x
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Operating Instructions
• Transmit no more than the rated duty factor of 50% of the time. To transmit (talk), push
the Push-To-Talk (PTT) button. To receive calls, release the PTT button. Transmitting
50% of the time, or less, is important because this radio generates measurable RF
energy exposure only when transmitting (in terms of measuring for standards
compliance).
• Hold the radio in a vertical position in front of face with the microphone (and the other
parts of the radio, including the antenna) at least one inch (2.5 cm) away from the nose.
Keeping the radio at the proper distance is important because RF exposures decrease
with distance from the antenna. The antenna should be kept away from eyes.
• When worn on the body, always place the radio in an EFJohnson Technologies
approved clip, holder, holster, case, or body harness for this product. Using approved
body-worn accessories is important because the use of EFJohnson Technologies or
other manufacturer’s non-approved accessories may result in exposure levels which
exceed the FCC’s occupational/controlled environment RF exposure limits.
• If you are not using a body-worn accessory and are not using the radio in the intended
use position in front of the face, then ensure the antenna and the radio are kept at least
one inch (2.5 cm) from the body when transmitting. Keeping the radio at the proper
distance is important because RF exposures decrease with increasing distance from the
antenna.
• Use only EFJohnson Technologies approved supplied or replacement antennas,
batteries, and accessories. Use of non-EFJohnson Technologies approved antennas,
batteries, and accessories may exceed the FCC RF exposure guidelines.
• For a list of EFJohnson Technologies approved accessories, see the service manual or
marketing accessory lists or contact the E.F. Johnson Company.
Contact Information
Toll-Free: 1-800-328-3911
Fax: 972-819-0639
E-Mail: customerservice@efji.com. You can also e-mail a person directly if you know
their first initial/last name (example: jsmith@efji.com).
You may also contact the Customer Service Department by mail. Please include all
information that may be helpful in solving your problem. The mailing address is as
follows:
EFJohnson Technologies
Customer Service Department
8050 Jetstar # 175
Irving, TX 75063
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
xi
Battery Disposal
Dispose of the nickel metal-hydride (NiMH) or Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) battery used by this
radio in accordance with local regulations. Do NOT dispose of it in fire because it can
explode. Also, do not short the terminals because it may become very hot.
Usage Compatibility
Do NOT operate the unit in areas that are sensitive to RF energy such as aircraft, hospitals,
blasting sites, and fuel storage sites. Areas with potentially flammable atmospheres are
usually, but not always, clearly posted. These may include gas stations, fuel and chemical
storage and transfer stations, below deck on boats, and areas where the air contains
flammable chemicals or particles such as grain dust or metal powders.
Electromagnetic Interference
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the condition
that this device does not cause harmful interference. In addition, changes or modification
to this equipment not expressly approved by the E.F. Johnson Company could void the
user’s authority to operate this equipment (FCC Rules, 47CFR Part 15.19).
Note
xii
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in
a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Features
Section1
This manual is applicable to the 5100 ES Models II/III Portable radios, software 6.6.x or
later. The availability of many of the following features is controlled by the model of your
radio, factory coding of your radio, installed options, firmware version, and field
programming. Refer to Section 8 for more information.
1.1
General Features
• The following operating modes are programmable:
- Conventional analog
- Conventional Project 25 (digital)
- Trunked Project 25 (digital)
- SMARTNET™/SmartZone® trunked (analog or digital)
• 32 zones with 16 channels each (512 channels total) are standard. A maximum of 54
zones with 16 channels each (864 channels total depending on the option selected may
be enabled).
• Large graphic display with backlight
• 16-position channel select switch
• Three-position rotary option switch
• Up to nine (limited keypad) or 21 (DTMF keypad) programmable option keys/buttons
• Each option key/button programmable with a different function for each operating
mode (Conventional, SMARTNET/SmartZone, Trunked P25)
• Menu mode
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
1-1
Conventional Features
Section 1 - Features
• AES 256-bit FIPS 140-2 approved encryption available on P25/digital channels
• DES 64-bit encryption available on analog channels, DES-OFB on digital channels (see
Section 10)
• Emergency calls for high priority system access
• Priority (standard) and Radio Wide scan modes with user programmable scan lists
• User selectable high and low power output
• Surveillance mode
• Time-out timer
• Keypad lock to prevent accidental key presses
• Power up password to prevent unauthorized use.
• Programmable and user adjustable tone volume
• Programmable minimum volume level
• Soft power down to prevent accidental power off
• Operates on both wide and narrow band channels
• Adjust Contrast values of LCD display
1.2
Conventional Features
• Up to 864 channels or talkgroups programmable
• Repeater talk-around
• Carrier or Call Guard® (CTCSS/DCS) controlled squelch on analog channels, NAC and
talkgroup IDs on P25 channels
• Normal/selective squelch selectable by option button or menu
• Monitor mode selectable by option button or menu
• Time out timer penalty and conversation timers
• Dual priority channel sampling when scanning (analog and digital channels)
• Busy channel lockout (transmit disable on busy)
• Unit calls on P25 channels
• Telephone calls on P25 channels with over dialing.
• Cloning capability using a cable or wireless connection (see Section 5.13)
• Emergency alarms and calls to alert a dispatcher of an emergency condition
1-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
SMARTNET / SmartZone Features
Section 1 - Features
• Single tone encoder controllable by user on analog channels
• Five tone encoder on analog channels
• Automatic Number Identification (ANI) on analog channels
• MDC1200 ANI and Emergency Alert support
• Call Alert™ on P25 channels (send and receive pages)
• Predefined messages (up to 16) can be sent to a dispatcher (P25 mode)
• Predefined status conditions (up to eight) can be sent to a dispatcher (P25 mode)
• Over-The-Air-Rekeying (OTAR) compatible (P25 channels).
• Keypad programming with password access (Federal Government users only)
• Text message send & receive (Project 25 digital)
1.3
SMARTNET / SmartZone Features
• Up to 864 talkgroups programmable (channels select talkgroups)
• Group, Enhanced Private Conversation™, standard Private Conversation, and
Telephone calls
• Emergency alarms to alert a dispatcher of emergency conditions
• Emergency calls for high priority system access
• Failsoft operation on a predefined conventional channel if trunked system fails
• Priority group calls detected while listening to other group calls when scanning
• Call Alert™ (send and receive pages)
• Predefined messages (up to 16) can be sent to a dispatcher
• Predefined status conditions (up to 8) can be sent to a dispatcher
• Dynamic regrouping (dispatcher can automatically gather users on a channel to receive
a message)
• Roaming (SmartZone only)
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
1-3
Project 25 Trunked Features
1.4
Section 1 - Features
Project 25 Trunked Features
• Up to 864 talkgroups programmable (channels select talkgroups)
• Group and Unit Calls
• Telephone calls with overdialing
• Emergency alarms to alert a dispatcher of emergency conditions
• Emergency calls for high priority system access
• Failsoft operation on a predefined conventional channel if trunked system fails
• Priority group calls detected while listening to other group calls when scanning
• Call Alert™ (send and receive pages)
• Predefined status conditions (up to eight) can be sent to a dispatcher
• Dynamic regrouping (dispatcher can automatically gather users on a channel to receive
a message)
• Roaming
1-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Controls and Display
Section2
2.1
Front Panel Controls
The locations of Front Panel controls are shown in Figure 2.1.
Figure 2.1
Front Panel Controls
Display
Up/Down Sw
Menu Mode:
<F1> = Exit
<F2> = Select/Menu
Enable
ES
Menu/Option
Buttons
ES
Option Buttons
Microphone
DTMF Keypad
Speaker
Limited Keypad Model
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
DTMF Keypad Model
2-1
Front Panel Controls
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Microphone - The microphone is located behind the small opening shown in Figure 2.1.
For best results, hold the radio 2-3 inches from you mouth and speak at a normal
conversational level. Do not shout since it distorts your voice and does not increase range.
Display - This is a graphical LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). The display backlight can be
programmed to turn on when any key/button is pressed (or pressed and held, depending
upon programming), or when the Backlight option button is pressed or menu parameter
selected (see Section 3.5).
Up/Down Buttons- Select zones when multiple zones are programmed (see Section 3.3).
Pressing the up button selects the next higher number and pressing the down button selects
the next lower number. These buttons also provide up/down select in the menu mode and
in other modes when up/down select is required.
<F1> - In menu mode (see Section 4.4), functions as a step back and exit button. If menu
mode is not used, it is a programmable option button.
<F2> - Selects the menu mode when that mode is enabled by programming. Also
functions as an Enter or Select button in the menu and other modes. If menu mode is not
used, it is a programmable option button.
<F3>, <F4> - Programmable option buttons.
DTMF Keypad - The full keypad DTMF models include the 12 keys required to dial
telephone and unit ID numbers.
Speaker - The radio speaker is located near the bottom of the front panel. When a speaker/
microphone is used, it is automatically detected when the Opt Sel 1 line of the accessory
connector is pulled low. The logic then automatically disables the internal speaker.
2-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Top Panel Controls
2.2
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Top Panel Controls
Figure 2.2
Top Panel Controls
Antenna
Connector
Power ON-OFF/
Volume Adj
Multi-Function
Indicator
Option
Switch
Channel
Switch
Emergency
(Option)
Button
Multi-Function Indicator - Indicates the following conditions:
Table 2.1 LED Indicators
Note
LED Color
LED Duration
Description
Red
ON
Tx: clear
Red
125 ms ON 125 ms OFF
Tx: CLEAR with low battery Tx: trunking system
busy
Red
125 ms ON 125 ms OFF 125 ms
ON 750 ms OFF
Rx: Secure Group
Red
750 ms ON 125 ms OFF
Rx: Secure individual call
Green
ON
Rx: clear conventional or trunking
Green
750 ms ON 125 ms OFF
Rx: clear individual call
Orange
Continuous until Self Test
complete
Self Test state
Orange
ON
Tx: Secure
Orange
125 ms ON 125 ms OFF
Tx: SECURE with low battery
Orange
Blinking (1 to 10 times)
Startup Failure. See Table 2.2
This indicator is disabled if the Surveillance mode is programmed (see Section 4.10).
Certain failures encountered during radio startup are indicated by blinking of the Orange
LED. The Type of failure is indicated by the number of times the LED blinks (1 to 10) as
described in Table 2.2.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
2-3
Top Panel Controls
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Table 2.2 LED Startup Failure Indications
Orange LED
Blinks
Startup Failure Indicated
Description
1
Incorrect Software
Boot Loader is not the expected version
2
Bad File Format
Parameter file version doe not match radio’s
software
3
Parms Fail
Invalid backup copy of parameters stored in SPI
Flash device
4
Bad Band
Radio band stored in parameter file does not match
the radio band in the tuning parameters
5
Corrupt Parms
Parameters file contains an error, although
parameters checksum is valid
6
EEPROM Fail
Self test timed out without successful read/
verification of parameter file
7
DSP Fail
PowerPC never received Power-up message from
the DSP
8
Cycle Power
Communication failure between DSP and back-end
ADC on the RF Deck
9
HC08 Init Fail
HC08 was not initialized correctly and cannot be
accessed
10
Zone Fail
Number of zones exceeds the number of zones for
which the radio was optioned
ON-OFF/Volume - Turning the knob clockwise turns power on and sets the volume level.
Turning it counterclockwise to the detent turns power off. The minimum volume level can
be set by programming. Soft power down can be programmed as described in Section
3.1.2, and the volume control can be disabled as described in Section 3.1.3.
Channel Switch - This 16-position switch selects up to 16 channels in the current zone.
Additional zones can be programmed to allow up to 864 channels to be selected by this
switch. This control can be disabled as described in Section 3.3.
Rotary Option Switch - This is a three-position switch that can be programmed to control
various options. The “A” position is “on” and the “B” and “C” positions are “off” (see
Section 4.2). When this switch is programmed to select zones, “A” selects Zone 1, “B”
Zone 2, and “C” Zone 3 if applicable.
Antenna Connector - This is the connection point for the antenna. Make sure the antenna
is tight before using the radio.
Emergency Button- This button or some other option button can be programmed as an
Emergency button to alert a dispatcher of an emergency condition. Refer to Sections 5.9
and 6.8 for more information. This button can also be programmed for other functions.
2-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Side Controls
2.3
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Side Controls
Figure 2.3
Side Controls and Jacks
Option Buttons
1
2
3
PTT Switch
Accessory
Connector
Battery Pack
PTT (Push-To-Talk) Switch - This switch is pressed to turn the transmitter on to transmit
a message. It is then released to listen. Transmitting is indicated when the top panel
indicator is constant red or
is displayed (surveillance mode only, see Section 4.10).
Option Buttons 1, 2, and 3 - Each of these buttons can be programmed to control a
specific function (see Section 4.2). In addition, they can be programmed for soft power
down (see Section 3.1.2). These buttons can also be temporarily disabled by the keypad
lock feature (see Section 3.6) or permanently disabled.
Battery - To remove the battery, press the release button on the bottom and pivot the
bottom of the battery outward.
Accessory Connector- This is the connection point for optional accessories such as a
speaker/microphone or earphone. It is also the connection point for the computer when
programming the radio or for data equipment when the P25 Packet Data feature is used
(see Section 5.14.14). Details of operations through the connector (such as external
microphone signal routing, etc., are determined using PC Configure)
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
2-5
Display
2.4
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Display
The layout of the front panel display is shown below. Icons are typically shown in the
upper part of the display and text messages in the lower part.
Figure 2.4
Graphical Display
The icons are as follows:
Figure 2.5
Icon
5100 Icons
Description
Low Battery
Keypad programming/edit mode – Displayed when the radio is in a mode where the user can edit
radio parameters
Monitor enabled
Repeater talk-around enabled
Scan enabled
Security enabled
The current channel is in the enabled scan list (only when scan is on or when in scan edit mode)
The current channel is the priority channel in the enabled scan list (only when scan is on or when
in scan edit mode)
The current channel is the priority 2 channel in the enabled scan list (only when scan is on or
when in scan edit mode)
Interconnect mode enabled
Private call mode enabled
Roaming (only used with Multinet trunking)
2-6
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Signaling Tones
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Figure 2.5
Icon
5100 Icons
Description
P25 Data Context enabled – Radio is ready for data operations
P25 Data Channel Grant – Radio is operating on a data channel
Site Lock (P25 Trunking, SmartZone, Multinet trunking)
Multinet trunking group scan enabled
Transmit – Displayed while radio is transmitting while surveillance mode is enabled
Signal strength – Indicates the strength of the currently received signal
GPS link active
Call history – used in conventional call alert, unit call, or text messaging when selecting a unit ID
Text message mode active
Radio Wide Scan Enabled. This icon is also displayed (along with the edit mode icon) when
Radio Wide Scan Edit is active.
Note
2.5
Under certain environmental conditions (such as in cold and/or dry areas), electrostatic
discharge (ESD) can cause the display to go blank. Pressing and holding the “Up” button
for at least three seconds will reset the display and restore its normal operation.
Signaling Tones
Information is communicated to users of the 5100 ES radio using signal tones and alerts
and by LED signaling. Table 2.3 shows the information and signaling tones supported by
the 5100 ES radio. If you are viewing a PDF of this manual on a computer equipped with
a sound card, double-click on the Horn icon (
) next to the Message Name to hear the
tone.
Table 2.3 Tones for the 5100 ES Radios
Tone
Category
Message Name
Message Description
Audible Description
Action Performed
An action has been performed such as
selecting an item in List
One high pitched beep, one
medium pitched beep and one
high pitched beep
Keypress
Alert
TX Warning Timer for Group, Unit, and
Interconnect Calls
High Pitched Beep
Action
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2-7
Signaling Tones
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Table 2.3 Tones for the 5100 ES Radios (Continued)
Message Name
Message Description
Audible Description
Tone
Category
Alert Site Trunking
Radio is in Site Trunking
High pitched beep
Action
Alert Tone Adjust
Used when adjusting the Volume for
Alert Tones
Medium pitched tone
Keypress
Analog Signaling Side
Tone
Occurs during Conventional Analog
Pre ANI Signaling
Medium pitched continuous tone
Action
Automatic Call Back
A Voice Channel is available from a
previous request
One high pitched beep, one
medium pitched beep and one
high pitched beep
Action
Bad
Invalid Key Presses, Inadequate
Permissions / Self Test Fail
Short Low Pitched Tone
Action
Call Alert ACK
Call Alert Acknowledgement has been
Received
Six medium pitched beeps
Action
Call Alert Received
Call Alert Page has been Received
Six medium pitched beeps
repeated every 6 seconds
Action
Channel Busy
System is currently busy
Group of 4 Low Pitched Tones
Action
Clear Alert Tone
Radio receives a Secure call while in a
Clear Mode - PCC Option
Medium Pitched Beep
Action
DTMF Keypress
DTMF Keypress
Medium pitched continuous tone
Action
Dynamic Regrouping
• Dynamically Regrouping Command
has been received
• Talk Permit Tone while Dynamic
Regrouped
Gurgle
Action
Emergency Alarm ACK
Emergency Alarm Acknowledged
Successful
A group of 5 medium pitched tones Action
Emergency Button
Press
Emergency button has been Pressed
Medium pitched long tone
Action
Emergency Canceled
Emergency is Canceled
Medium pitched very long tone
Action
Enhanced Unit Call
Enhanced Unit Call is Received
Three medium pitched tones
repeated 4 times every 6 seconds
Action
Error
Timeout States, Change Keyset Fail,
TX Timeout, Attempt to TX Clear when
Strapped Secure and vice versa
Low Pitched Continuous Tone
Action
Failsoft
Trunking System has Failed
Two medium pitched beeps
repeated continuously
Action
Feature OFF
Binary Feature has been Turned OFF
Medium pitched beep followed be
a lower pitched beep
Keypress
Key Fail
After channel change, Radio does not
have the assigned key
Six medium pitched long tones
Action
Key Fail PTT
After PTT, Radio is in Secure mode
but does not have the assigned key
Continuous medium pitched long
tones
Action
Keyloader/Menu Enter
Mode
Enter Menu Mode, Keyloader
Attached
Medium Pitched Beep followed by
a higher pitched beep
Keypress
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Signaling Tones
Section 2 - Controls and Display
Table 2.3 Tones for the 5100 ES Radios (Continued)
Tone
Category
Message Name
Message Description
Audible Description
Keyloader/Menu Exit
Mode
Exit Menu Mode, Keyloader Detached
High pitched beep followed by a
medium pitched beep
Keypress
Low Battery
The battery strength is getting low.
Charge or replace the battery
immediately
Two medium pitched beeps
Action
Message / Status ACK
Message / Status Acknowledgement
has been Received
Six medium pitched beeps
Action
Non-Enhanced Unit Call
Non Enhanced Unit Call is Received
Two medium pitched beeps
repeated every 6 seconds
Action
OTAR
Acknowledgement
OTAR Hello Acknowledgement
Received
High Pitched Beep
Action
Out of Range
Trunking Radio is in an Out of Range
State
Low pitched, very long tone
repeated
Action
Priority Call Received
Radio has received a Priority Call
Two low pitched beeps
Action
Radio Self-Test Pass
Self Test has Passed
Medium Pitched Beep followed by
a higher pitched beep
Keypress
Return to Normal
Medium Pitched Beep followed by
• Dynamic Regrouping has been
a higher pitched beep
Canceled
• Voltage has returned to Normal
• Temperature has returned to Normal
• Conventional: TX Penalty Timer has
Expired
Action
Ring
Radio has received an interconnect
and is waiting for Unit Call target
subscriber to respond
Telephone Ringing
Action
System Retry
Tone that occurs after the 2nd ISP or
ISW retry
Continuous low pitched tone
Action
Talk Permit Tone
(When PTT Button is Pressed)
verifying that the system is accepting
transmissions
Three medium pitched beeps
Action
Temperature Change
Temperature has changed from
Normal to Hot or Too Hot
Two medium pitched beeps
Action
Unprogrammed
Channel
Radio is turned to an Unprogrammed
Channel
Low Pitched Continuous Tone
Action
Valid Keypress / Feature
ON
Valid Key Press or a Feature has been
turned on
Medium Pitched Short Tone
Keypress
Volume Boundary
Volume boundary reached when
adjusting the volume with Volume Up /
Down Buttons
Two medium pitched beeps
Action
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2-9
Signaling Tones
2-10
Section 2 - Controls and Display
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
General Operation
Section3
3.1
Turning Power On and Setting Volume
3.1.1
Power Up
Power is turned on and off by the top panel ON-OFF/Volume switch. When power is
initially turned on, the following events occur:
• The EFJohnson Technologies logo is displayed
• The firmware version number is displayed.
• A self test is performed.
• If the Radio ID feature is enabled in PC Configure, the radio will display the Radio ID
alias in place of the Self Test message during startup. Radio ID identifies the
personality file used to program the radio, the service area for which the radio is
programmed, or functional grouping for which the radio is programmed. The Radio ID
alias display will be included with the Radio Info display items in both button/scroll and
menu modes. If disabled, the Radio ID menu mode will display a blank line.
• The currently selected zone is displayed.
• The Individual (Unit/Unique) ID programmed for the currently selected system is
displayed.
• A tone sounds (if tones are enabled) and the alias of the selected talkgroup is displayed
continuously.
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3-1
Turning Power On and Setting Volume
Section 3 - General Operation
Programming determines if the radio powers up on the last selected zone or the preprogrammed home zone. Refer to Section 3.3 for information on the channel that is
selected. The minimum volume level may be set by programming. This can prevent
missed messages resulting from inadvertently turning the volume to an inaudible level.
3.1.2
Standard and Soft Power Down
To turn power off, rotate the ON-OFF/Volume control counterclockwise until a click
occurs. Power may remain on for an instant after turn-off occurs.
A soft power down feature can be programmed to prevent radio power from being turned
off by accidentally turning the on-off/volume control. Any side button can be programmed
for this function in addition to its normal function. To turn power off, press this button
during or after power is turned off in the normal manner (there is no time out).
The enhanced soft power down feature adds a “standby” mode which mutes audio, turns
off lights, and can block a combination of buttons and switches.
Enhanced Soft Power Down has two modes of operation:
Normal Mode. If the power/volume knob is turned off nothing happens until the
programmed side button is pressed.
Standby Mode. When the power/volume knob is turned off, the radio displays
“Standby”, audio is muted, and the indicator lights are turned off. The radio remains in
“standby” until the power knob is turned back on or the user presses a button that has
not been disabled.
Note
No hardware is shut down during standby. This means that power savings while in
standby are negligible allowing the user to have immediate access to the system since they
do not have to power components back up.
The volume is set to half of maximum when the radio exits standby due to a button press or
switch change.
3.1.3
Setting Volume Level
The volume level is adjusted by the top panel volume control knob or by option buttons
programmed for the Up/Down volume function. When the buttons are used, the volume
control function of the knob is disabled (it is still used to switch power). Volume buttons
may be used instead of the knob, for example, if accidental turning of the volume knob is a
problem.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Power-Up Password
Section 3 - General Operation
When the volume control buttons are used, the number of steps (ticks) required to change
the volume from the minimum level to maximum level is programmable for 1-50. For
example, if “20” is programmed, there are 20 adjustment steps from minimum to
maximum volume. Only one volume control button can be programmed if desired and
wrap-around then occurs after the maximum or minimum level is selected.
The radio can also be programmed so that volume control is also be disabled by the
Keypad Lock feature.
The minimum volume level that the volume control can select can be programmed. This
can be used to prevent missed messages caused by unintentionally turning the volume
down too far. Relative levels of 0-255 can be set in steps of 1 (“0” sets the lowest
minimum volume).
Note
This setting is applicable to 51xx and Ascend portable radios.
The relative volume level can be determined by the position of the index on the volume
knob or by a reference signal as follows:
• If a key press tone is enabled, a short tone sounds when a key is pressed. Tones and
audio can differ depending on how it is set in PC Configure.
• If a conventional channel is selected and the Monitor option button or menu parameter
is programmed, pressing that button unsquelches the receiver and either voice or
background noise is heard (see Section 5.2). If a SMARTNET/SmartZone or P25
Trunked channel is selected, the receiver cannot be manually unsquelched.
3.2
Power-Up Password
The power-up password feature prevents unauthorized use of the radio by disabling it
when power is turned on until the proper password is entered. This feature is enabled or
disabled by programming.
When this feature is enabled, “Enter Pswd” is briefly displayed when power is turned on.
The password can be 1-8 digits in length, and consists of digits 0-9. It is entered as
follows. If an incorrect password is entered, “Incorrect” is displayed and it must be reentered.
DTMF Keypad Models - Enter the password using the 1-8 keys and then press the
Enter <F2> button when finished. If a mistake is made, the last digit can be erased by
pressing the <F1> (Clear) button.
Limited Keypad Models - Select the proper number for each position by pressing the
Up/Down buttons. When the proper number for a position is displayed, select it and
move on to the next position by pressing the <F2> (Enter) button. If the password is
less than eight digits, press <F2> twice after the last digit.
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3-3
Zone and Channel Select
Section 3 - General Operation
An enhanced password scheme allows up to four power-on (user) passwords, download
and upload passwords, and a master password to be programmed.
The current User password can be changed if the “Set User Password” option button or
menu parameter is programmed. Selecting this function displays prompts for entering and
confirming a new password. It is recommended that a number key not be used for this
function because the password mode is exited if that key is pressed to enter a number.
Refer to Section 9 for more information on passwords.
3.3
Zone and Channel Select
The selected zone and channel are selected and displayed as follows. For more information
on zones and channels, refer to Section 3.9.4.
3.3.1
Zone Select
The front panel Up/Down buttons briefly display the alias of the current zone. When not in
special modes such as the menu mode, pressing either the up or down button once displays
the alias of the current zone. Then quickly pressing it again changes the selected zone up
or down. The rotary A/B/C switch on the top panel can also be programmed for zone
select. The “A” position then selects Zone 1, “B” Zone 2, and “C” Zone 3 (if applicable).
After the highest programmed zone is displayed, wrap-around to the lowest programmed
zone occurs and vice versa. The selected zone is also displayed briefly on power up. If the
selected zone alias needs to be displayed continuously, it must be programmed as part of
the channel alias.
The Up/Down buttons on the front of the 5100 ES portable are typically used to scroll
through the various Zones that a user needs to access. To eliminate inadvertently
switching Zones if the radio is accidentally bumped and an Up/Down button is pressed, a
Zone Lock function is implemented. The Up/Down button will not scroll through zones
unless the Zone Lock button is first pressed. If the Zone Lock button is pressed, the Up/
Down buttons are available for scrolling. Upon five-ten seconds of inactivity, the Up/
Down button again are not usable for selecting a Zone. The Zone Lock function is
programmable for any programmable button on the radio.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Zone and Channel Select
3.3.2
Section 3 - General Operation
Channel Select
Channels are selected by the rotary 16-position switch on the top panel. The alias
(identification) for the selected channel/group is displayed continuously during normal
operation.
When an unprogrammed channel is selected, “Unprogramd” is displayed and a tone
sounds (if tones are enabled). When conventional channels are selected and the Display
Information option button or menu parameter is programmed, either the channel
frequency or alias can be displayed (see Section 5.8).
The channel selector knob can also be disabled by programming. Channels must then be
directly selected as described next (if applicable). It may be desirable to disable the
channel select knob when direct selection is used in order to prevent confusion since the
channel knob then may not indicate the selected channel.
The radio can also be programmed so that the channel select control is also be disabled by
the Keypad Lock feature (Section 3.6) similar to the volume control described in Section
3.1.3.
3.3.3
54-channel/16-zone Feature
This is an optionally purchased programmable feature that allows for more than 16
channels in a zone. When enabled (using the PC Configure software), the radio can be
configured with up to 16 zones and 54 channels per zone.
3.3.4
Direct Zone / Channel Selection
The Direct Channel Select feature is available if the Channel Select option switch or menu
parameter is programmed. This feature allows channels to be directly selected using the
DTMF keypad numeric keys (DTMF models only) or Up/Down buttons (all models).
For direct selection purposes, channels are numbered sequentially starting with the lowest
zone. Each zone can be programmed with up to 16 channels, so Zone 1 channels are
numbered 1-16, Zone 2 channels 17-32, and so on as shown below. For example, Zone 1/
Channel 16 is selected by Channel 16, and Zone 2/Channel 16 is selected by Channel 32.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-5
Zone and Channel Select
Section 3 - General Operation
Seq. Ch. No.
Zone
Channel
1
1
1
16
17
2
16
1
32
33
3
16
1
48
16
Proceed as follows to select channels using this mode:
1 Enable the direct Channel Select mode by pressing the Channel Select option with or
selecting the “Chan Selct” menu parameter. The alias and sequential number of the
current channel are alternately displayed.
2 Select the desired channel using the Up/Down buttons or directly enter it using the 0-9
keys (if available). If using the 0-9 keys, the radio attempts to display the entered
number after the 3rd digit is entered or approximately 2 seconds after the last key is
pressed.
3 To exit the this mode and select the entered channel, press the Channel Select switch
again or the <F2> button. To exit without changing the channel, press the <F1> button.
This mode is also exited automatically without changing the channel after
approximately one minute of no activity.
Note
The Channel Select function should probably not be assigned to a number key because
pressing that key to select a channel then exits the select mode.
Other features of this mode are as follows:
• When using the Up/Down buttons, wrap-around to the lowest zone/channel occurs after
the last channel in the highest programmed zone is displayed and vice versa. For
example, if Zone 1/Channel 5 is the highest programmed channel, wrap-around occurs
after Zone 1/Channel 16 is displayed.
• When an unprogrammed channel is displayed, the sequential channel number and
“Unprogramd” are alternately displayed.
• If an invalid channel number is entered using the 0-9 keys, or the <F2> or Channel
Select option switch is pressed with “Unprogrammed” displayed, an error tones sounds,
“Invalid” is briefly displayed, and the displayed channel does not change.
• The rotary Channel Select switch may not correctly indicate the selected channel after
direct channel selection is used. However, if this switch is enabled and rotated, it selects
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Zone and Channel Select
Section 3 - General Operation
the channel it is indicating. For example, if the switch index is pointing to channel 3 and
channel 15 of the current zone is being displayed, rotating it to channel 4 selects
channel 4 of the current zone.
• If the rotary Channel Select switch is enabled, the radio always powers up on the
channel it is selecting.
If it is disabled, the radio can be programmed to power-up on the home channel number
of the home zone, which will override whatever is selected with the Channel Select
switch. With the “Last Zone”/“Home Channel” configuration, the programmed home
channel number of the last active zone is selected. If it is not programmed,
“Unprogrammd” is displayed. With earlier models, the last selected channel is
displayed when powering up on the last selected zone, and channel 1 is displayed when
powering up on the home zone.
3.3.5
Combined Zone and Channel
If the Combined Zone/Channel option is enabled, the flexibility to accommodate different
number of character combinations for Zone and Talkgroup is implemented. The
implementation for Combined Zone/Channel Display is as follows:
• Characters to Display Zone - (1-7)
• Space Between Zone / Talkgroup (optional)
• Characters to Display Talkgroup - This is a calculated field. (10 minus the number of
Zone Chars minus 1 (if Space) or 0 (if No Space).
The radios use the specified number of characters from the Zone and Talkgroup Alias
fields to create the combined display text. If the Zone or Talkgroup Alias is larger than the
number of characters specified, the radio truncates the alias to the specified number of
characters so that both the zone and the talkgroup fit into the display.
3.3.6
Favorite Zone
The Favorite Zone feature provides users the ability to setup “Favorite Channels” in one
Favorite Zone, and allows the user to edit the channels without impacting any of the
channels already programmed to the zone.
A menu item or programmed function button of the 5100 ES allows user to add channels
to the Favorite Zone. If Favorite Zone is enabled, the user has the ability to change the
channels that are in his favorites list, as follows:
1 Select the zone / channel to be placed into Favorites, using the zone/channel selectors.
2 Press the “Favorites” button or menu item for the 5100 ES (the radio remembers the
current zone/channel).
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-7
Battery and Accessory Connector
Section 3 - General Operation
3 Press the up/down button to the location (1-16) where you want to store this favorite.
The radio will automatically start at the first unprogrammed channel and if all channels
are programmed, the radio will start at Channel 1.
4 To store the new channel in to the favorite list, press the Select button which is <F2> on
the portables. The radio will remain on the channel that was just added to the Favorites
list.
5 To exit without saving, press the programmed Favorite button (the button you pressed
to enter this mode). On the 5100 ES, you can also press the Cancel <F1> button.
6 Upon exit, the radio will return to the channel that was just added to the Favorites list.
3.4
Battery and Accessory Connector
3.4.1
Battery Removal / Installation
To remove the battery from the radio for recharging or replacement, press the release
button (see Figure 3.1) and then rotate it upward to the approximate point shown and
remove it from the radio.
Figure 3.1
Battery Removal
Battery Release
Button
3-8
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Battery and Accessory Connector
3.4.2
Note
Section 3 - General Operation
Low Battery Indication
If the radio contains encryption keys and is not programmed for infinite key retention, be
sure to reattach a battery within approximately 30 seconds to prevent the loss of these
keys (see following).
A low-battery condition is indicated by the
icon in the display. The battery should be
recharged or replaced as soon after this indication appears. Once this indication appears, it
stays on until power is cycled.
Note
The signal strength indicator normally occupies the location used by the Low Battery
icon. If the radio enters low batty mode, the Low Battery icon takes priority.
The following additional low battery indications and conditions may be enabled by
programming:
• A chirp sounds once a minute in the receive standby and transmit modes.
• A chirp sounds each time the PTT switch is pressed.
• The top panel LED indicator flashes red every 30 seconds in the receive mode.
• Low power is selected when transmitting.
As indicated in the preceding note, the radio may need to be connected to a constant power
source to preserve the encryption keys in memory. This is required if “infinite key
retention” is not programmed. To allow the battery to be changed without losing the keys
with this feature disabled, storage capacitors maintain the supply voltage to memory for
approximately 30 seconds without a battery attached. Therefore, be sure to reattach a
battery within that time. Refer to Section 8 for more information on encryption keys.
There is a battery saver feature that can be enabled by programming. This feature
functions on trunked channels, and it automatically selects low transmit power when the
receive signal strength (RSSI) indicates that the site is nearby.
3.4.3
Note
Battery Charging
When a battery is charged while attached to the radio, make sure radio power is off (see
following).
The battery can be charged separately or while attached to the radio. When it is charged
while attached to the radio, radio power should be turned off. If it is not, the battery begins
slowly discharging when the charger enters the trickle charge mode. This mode is
indicated by a green Ready indication, and it is entered automatically when the battery is
nearly fully charged. Gradual discharging occurs in the trickle mode because the charge
current is less than the radio standby current (of approximately 200 mA).
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-9
Battery and Accessory Connector
Section 3 - General Operation
Be sure to read the instructions for operation of the battery charger, and follow all of them
carefully.
Note
! CAUTION
Be sure, especially when using nickel metal-hydride (NiMH) batteries, to put new batteries
(or batteries that have been inactive for a significant time) through at least three full
charge/discharge cycles initially. Otherwise the batteries may not provide the number of
operating hours that they are rated for.
Do not transmit in close proximity to the charger base (see following).
Do not expose the charger base to high level RF signals while a battery is being charged
because this may cause a charger fuse to blow (especially in the UHF range). Radios
programmed for SMARTNET/SmartZone operation, for example, may affiliate while in
the charger which causes them to automatically key. Therefore, do not leave radio power
on while charging as described above.
3.4.4
Beltclip Installation
Remove the battery and slide the beltclip into the slot on the battery until it locks into place
(see Figure 3.2). To remove the beltclip, squeeze the tab on the end of the beltclip and
slide the beltclip out.
Figure 3.2
Beltclip Installation
Beltclip
Beltclip
Locking Tab
3.4.5
Connecting an Accessory
To connect an accessory to the transceiver, proceed as follows:
1 Remove the protective cover over the accessory jack on the side of the transceiver.
2 Insert the hook on the lower end of the accessory connector into the slot on the side of
the transceiver.
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Battery and Accessory Connector
Section 3 - General Operation
3 Rotate the latch open, press the connector against the transceiver, and then release the
latch to lock the connector in place.
4 Install the included locking screw in the latch tab in the location shown.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-11
Backlight
Section 3 - General Operation
Figure 3.3
Accessory Connector
Install Lock
Screw Here
Accessory Connector
Latch
Hook
3.5
Backlight
The backlight for the display and option buttons can be programmed to automatically turn
on when any key/button is pressed. If this option is not enabled, the backlight can be
programmed to turn on for a specified period when the backlight button is pressed. The
specified period, set by PC Configure, can be 0 to 7.5 seconds or 0 to 75 seconds. After
this period, the backlight will automatically turn off. If the user presses the backlight
button again before the specified period has elapsed, the backlight will turn off
immediately.
Note
3.6
If the backlight is programmed for 0.0 seconds ON time, pressing the backlight button
toggles the backlight on or off.
Keypad Lock
The Keypad Lock feature temporarily disables the front panel keys to prevent keys from
being accidentally pressed. This feature is available if the Keypad Lock option button is
programmed. To lock the keypad, simply press the Keypad Lock option button. Then to
unlock the keypad again, press and hold this button until a tone sounds.
Permanent Keypad Lockout can also be programmed. The keypad is then permanently
disabled and cannot be enabled by the user. Additional information on this feature follows.
• A global “Front Keypad Lockout Only” function can be selected by programming. The
front panel keys but not the side panel option buttons are then disabled by the preceding
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Setting Squelch
Section 3 - General Operation
Keypad Lock and Permanent Lock functions. If this function is not selected, both the
front and side panel buttons are disabled. The PTT switch is never disabled.
• The Channel Selector and Volume controls can be programmed so that they are locked
by the Keypad Lock function.
• The “Channel Selector Enabled” function can be programmed globally. If this is not
selected, the channel selector is always disabled regardless of the Permanent Lockout or
Keypad Lock status. Channels can then be selected only by direct channel select (see
Section 3.3).
• The volume control is permanently disabled if a Volume Up/Down option button is
programmed regardless of the Permanent Lockout or Keypad Lock status. Refer to
Section 3.1.3 for more information.
• There is the option to enable the backlight when a key is pressed in the Keypad Lock
mode. There is also the option when programming conventional channels to disable
DTMF dialing.
3.7
Setting Squelch
This radio does not have a squelch control. The squelch level is preset during alignment. If
the keypad programming feature is available (see Section 5.15), the squelch threshold can
be changed by the user on each conventional analog channel.
Note
3.8
The Keypad Programming feature is available to Federal Government users only.
Transmit Disable
Transmitting can be disabled on each conventional, SMARTNET, SmartZone, and P25
Trunked channel so that the channel is monitor-only. When transmitting is attempted on a
receive-only channel, “Rx Only” is displayed and an error tone sounds.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-13
Radio Operating Modes
3.9
Section 3 - General Operation
Radio Operating Modes
Each selectable channel can be programmed for the conventional (analog or Project 25
digital), SMARTNET/SmartZone, or Project 25 digital trunked operating mode. For
example, Zone 1/Channel 1 could be a conventional channel, Zone 1/Channel 2 a
SMARTNET channel, and so on. More information on these modes follows.
Note
All operating modes utilize certain functions that are activated/deactivated by pressing
and holding a particular key/button or switch. The “hold” interval is preset. When
instructed to “press and hold”, do so until the desired action occurs. For other operations
(not specified “press and hold”) only momentary pressing is required.
3.9.1
Conventional Mode
This is a non-trunked operating mode which accesses independent radio channels. There is
no automatic access to several channels. Selecting a conventional channel selects a
transmit and receive frequency and other channel parameters such as squelch control
coding.
Conventional channels can be either standard (analog) or Project 25 (digital). With digital
operation, the Digital Signal Processor (DSP) converts the audio signal to digital data
packets. Another difference is that analog channels use Call Guard (CTCSS/DCS) squelch
control and Project 25 channels use a Network Access Code (NAC) and talkgroup ID
codes.
With Project 25 operation, a NAC is transmitted which must match the NAC programmed
in the repeater or base station equipment and the radio(s) being called for communication
to occur. In addition, to receive standard group calls, the receiving radio must be
programmed to detect the transmitted talkgroup ID code.
With conventional operation, a busy channel condition is detected automatically if the
busy channel lockout (transmit disable on busy) feature is programmed. Otherwise, it must
be detected manually. An out-of-range condition is not indicated by special tones or
messages as with SMARTNET operation because there is no initial data exchange with the
repeater that allows this condition to be detected. Operating features unique to
conventional channels are described in Section 5.
3.9.2
SMARTNET / SmartZone Mode
This is a trunked operating mode in which automatic access is provided to several RF
channels. ID codes are used to select what radios are being called and what calls are
received. Monitoring is performed automatically and special messages and tones indicate
busy and out-of-range conditions.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Radio Operating Modes
Section 3 - General Operation
SMARTNET and SmartZone operation and programming is very similar. Basically,
SMARTNET operation is limited to a single repeater site and SmartZone operation allows
automatic roaming between sites. Enhanced SMARTNET/SmartZone features include
roaming (SmartZone only), telephone, private, and emergency calls, Call Alert™, and
messaging. Either analog or digital signaling may be used (digital is optional).
When a SMARTNET or SmartZone channel is selected or the radio is powered up on one
of those channels, the alias (name) of the selected channel is displayed as the radio
searches for a control channel. Once a control channel is found, the radio attempts to
register on the trunked system. If a control channel could not be found (because of an out
of range condition or the system ID is not correct, for example), “No Sys” (early units) or
“Out Of Rnge” (later units) is displayed and the radio continues to search for a control
channel.
The control channel transmits and receives system information to and from all radios
registered on the system. Therefore, once a control channel is found, it is continuously
monitored for incoming call information and is used to make call requests. The radio
automatically changes to a traffic channel to place and receive calls and then returns to the
control channel when the call is complete. Operating features unique to SMARTNET/
SmartZone channels are described in Section 6.
3.9.3
P25 Trunked Mode
The P25 Trunked operating features are very similar to the SmartZone type just described.
Since SmartZone features are also similar to SMARTNET features, all three modes are
described in the Section 6. Some differences between the P25 Trunking and SmartZone
modes are as follows:
• Digital signaling is always used with P25 calls. Either analog or digital signaling may
be used for SmartZone calls.
• Calls made to a specific radio in the P25 mode are called Unit Calls. In the
SMARTNET/SmartZone mode they are called Private Calls.
• Messaging is not available with P25 calls.
• Telephone calls are available
• The P25 control channel data rate is 9600 baud and the digital voice data rate is also
9600 baud. With SmartZone operation, the control channel data rate is 3600 baud (both
digital and analog calls) and the narrowband digital voice data rate is 9600 baud.
• The P25 mode uses a system ID, Wide Area Communications Network (WACN) ID,
and RF Subsystem ID (RFSS). The SmartZone mode does not use the WACN and
RFSS IDs.
• P25 Unit IDs can be 1-16,777,215 (000001-FFFFFF hex) and SmartZone Unit IDs can
be 1-65,535 (0001-FFFF hex).
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
3-15
Radio Operating Modes
Section 3 - General Operation
3.9.4
Systems, Channels, and Zones
A zone and channel are selected to place and receive calls. The following describes the
relationship between systems, channels, and zones.
3.9.4.1
Systems
A system is a collection of channels or talkgroups belonging to the same repeater site. It
defines all the parameters and protocol information required to access a site. Up to 16
systems of any type can be programmed.
The maximum number of channels assignable to a system is limited to 864. Channels may
also be limited by available memory space as described in the following information.
3.9.4.2
Channels
A channel selects a radio (RF) channel or talkgroup as follows:
Conventional Analog Mode - A channel selects a specific radio channel, Call Guard
(CTCSS/DCS) squelch coding, and other parameters unique to that channel.
Conventional Project 25 Mode - A channel selects a specific radio channel, NAC
squelch coding, talkgroup ID, and other parameters unique to that channel.
SMARTNET/SmartZone and Trunked Project 25 Modes - A channel selects a
specific talkgroup, announcement group, emergency group, and other parameters
unique to that talkgroup.
A maximum of up to 864 channels can be programmed with the preceding modes
depending on the option enabled. These channels can belong to a single system or multiple
systems. The maximum number is also limited by the available memory. For example,
since more memory is required to program a SMARTNET system than a conventional
system, the total number of channels decreases as the number of SMARTNET channels
increases.
3.9.4.3
Zones
A zone is a collection of up to 16 channels of any type. For example, a zone could include
12 conventional channels and four SMARTNET channels. One use of zones may be to
program the channels used for operation in different geographical areas. The maximum
number of zones is 32 or 54 depending upon the option selected.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Radio-wide Features
Section4
4.1
Viewing Radio Information
The 5100 ES has function button “Radio Info”. When this button is pressed, the following
information is displayed.
• Band
• SEM version
• File format version
• ESN
• Bootloader version
• DSP version
• SNDCP IP address
• Encryption key information
• Unit ID (which is tied to the system that is currently active.)
• Radio ID
• Memory type
• Software version
As the user cycles through items, they scroll across the display. The user may pause and/or
move text back and forth using the same controls as in text messaging.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
4-1
Option Key/Buttons
4.2
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
Option Key/Buttons
Most of the keys/buttons on this radio are programmable (see Table 4.1) as follows:
• On the side panel, the three buttons above the PTT switch (see Figure 2.3).
• On the front panel, buttons <F3>, <F4>, and all DTMF buttons.
• On the top panel, the rotary three-position switch and the orange button (see Figure 2.2)
Table 4.1 Programmable Option Button and Menu Mode Functions
X = Available in Mode:
Function
Activate OTAP
Alert tones On-Off
Auto Site Search
Backlight On-Off
Call Alert Select (Paging)
Call Response Select
Cancel Dynamic Regroup
Change Keyset (OTAR)
Channel Select
Clear/Secure Encryption
Select
Clone Programming Select
(51xx menu only)
Contrast
Data Modes
Digital (Project 25) Talkgroup
Select
Display GPS
Display Information Select
(frequency or channel display)
Emergency Mode Select
Emergency Clear
Erase Keys, OTAR
(menu only with 51xx53xx)
Favorite Channels
Group Scan
High/Low Power Select
Home
Home 2
Key Select, OTAR
Keypad Lock Select
Keypad Programming Select
Project 25
Conventional Trunking
X
X
SMARTNET SmartZone Menu Display
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Actv OTAP
Tones
Auto Site
Backlight
Call Alert
Call Rsp
Cancel DR
Chg Keyset
Chan Selct
Security
X
X
X
X
Clone
X
X
X
X
X
Contrast
Data Modes
Select TG
X
X
X
X
X
GPS
Display
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Emergency
Emerg Clr
Erase Keys
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Favorites
Grp Scan
Tx Power
Home Zone
Home 2
Key Select
(Opt sw only)
Keypad Prg
Shaded features support the secondary press and hold function.on the portable radios
4-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Option Key/Buttons
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
Table 4.1 Programmable Option Button and Menu Mode Functions (Continued)
X = Available in Mode:
Function
Messaging Select
Monitor Mode Select
Mute/Unmute
Normal/Selective Squelch
Select
P25 Packet Data
Phone Call Select
Priority Channel Select
Private Call Select
Radio Information
Radio Wide Scan Select
Rekey Request
Repeater Talk-Around Select
Request to Talk
RWS List Edit
Scan Mode Select
Scan List Edit Select
Scan List Select
Set User Password
Single Tone Encoder
Site Lock Select
Site Search Select
Squelch (Code) Select List
Status Select
Surveillance Mode Select
Text Messaging
Tone Volume Edit - Alert
Tone Volume Edit - Keypad
Transmit Power
Unit Call Select
Unprogrammed
(Note The button is not
used.)
Project 25
Conventional Trunking
X
X
X
X
X
SMARTNET SmartZone Menu Display
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Message
Monitor
Audio Mute
Squelch
Data Modes
Phone
Priority
Priv Call
Radio Info
RW Scan
Rekey Request
Talk Arnd
RTT
RWS Edit
Scan
Scan Edit
Scan Selct
Set Paswd
Tone Encdr
Site Lock
Site Srch
Sqlch Code
Status
Surv Mode
Text Msg
Alert Vol
Keyprs Vol
Tx Pwr
Unit Call
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Volume Down
Volume Up
X
X
X
X
(Opt sw only)
X
X
X
X
(Opt sw only)
Zone Select
X
X
X
X
Zone Selct
Shaded features support the secondary press and hold function.on the portable radios
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
4-3
Feature Enable / Disable
4.3
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
Feature Enable / Disable
One of the function buttons may be programmed to enable/disable certain features. These
features have binary ON/OFF states, and the programmed button toggles the feature to the
alternate state. Figure 4.2 identifies features that may be enabled or disabled using the
programmed button. One short beep indicates the feature is ON; two short beeps indicate
the feature is OFF.
Table 4.2 Features which May Be Enabled/Disabled using the Function Button
Conventional
Alert Tones
x
x
x
Backlight
x
x
x
Clear / Secure
x
x
x
High / Low Power
x
x
x
Keypad Lock
x
x
x
Monitor
x
Mute / Unmute
x
x
x
Radio Wide Scan
x
x
x
Repeater Talk Around
x
Scan
x
x
x
Selective Squelch (ON) /
Normal Squelch (OFF)
x
x
x
Site Lock
4.4
SMARTNET/
SmartZone
Function
P25 Trunking
Surveillance Mode
x
x
x
Zone Lock
x
x
x
Menu Mode
Most functions that can be controlled by an option button can also be controlled by the
menu mode. The functions that can be controlled by the menu mode are shown in Table
4.1. Functions can be controlled by both an option button and a menu parameter if desired.
4-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Menu Mode
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
When the menu mode is used, the <F1> and <F2> buttons become dedicated menu mode
control switches (see following illustration). The <F1> button is Back/Clear, and the
<F2> button is Menu Select/Enter. If the menu mode is disabled, these buttons can be
programmed for other functions.
Figure 4.1
Menu Mode Buttons
Menu
Back/
Exit
Menu
Select/
Enter
Menu
Scroll
Up/Down
Only the enabled menu items which apply to the selected channel type are displayed. For
example, if a conventional channel is selected, only the enabled functions for conventional
channels are displayed.
When in the menu mode, messages continue to be received on the selected channel.
However, the display does not indicate who is calling. Pressing the PTT switch exits the
menu mode and keys the transmitter.
The menu mode operates as follows:
1 To select the menu mode, press the <F2> button. Up to three menu parameters are then
displayed as shown in the preceding illustration.
2 To scroll up or down through the menu parameter list, press the Up/Down buttons. The
selected parameter is indicated by a dark bar.
3 To display the available modes for a highlighted parameter, press the <F2> button. The
currently selected mode is indicated by an asterisk.
4 Press the Up/Down buttons to highlight the desired mode. Then press the <F2> button
to select that mode.
5 To step back to the previous level or exit the menu mode, press the <F1> (Back)
button.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
4-5
Function Recall
4.5
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
Function Recall
A function recall button or menu item can be programmed so that if the user presses this
button or activates its menu item, the radio enters Function Recall mode, and the display
flashes “Fnc Recall”. Pressing any button displays the function assigned to that button for
a specified period. If that same button is pressed again during the specified period, the
radio performs the function assigned to that button and then exits Function Recall mode.
Function Recall mode can also be exited by pressing the Function Recall button once
(without pressing another function button).
Note
4.6
NOTE: If the user presses a function button programmed for Emergency while Function
Recall is activated, Function Recall is aborted. The radio will proceed to perform the
programmed Emergency function.
Time-Out Timer
The time-out timer disables the transmitter if it is keyed continuously for longer than the
programmed time. It can be programmed for 15-225 seconds or it can be disabled by
programming 0 seconds.
If the transmitter is keyed for longer than the programmed time, the transmitter is disabled,
a continuous tone sounds, and “TX Timeout” is displayed. Five seconds before time-out
occurs, a warning beep sounds to indicate that time-out is approaching. The timer and tone
are reset by releasing the PTT switch.
A different time can be programmed for each system, and the timer can be enabled or
disabled on each conventional channel. With conventional channels, a penalty time may
also be programmed that prevents transmissions for a certain time after the transmitter is
disabled (see Section 5.5).
One use of this feature is to prevent a channel from being kept busy for an extended period
by an accidentally keyed transmitter. It can also prevent possible transmitter damage
caused by transmitting for an excessively long period.
4-6
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Home Channel Select
4.7
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
Home Channel Select
If the Home option button is programmed, pressing it selects the preprogramming Home
channel. This provides a quick way of returning to a frequently used channel. Pressing and
holding this button until a tone sounds makes the currently selected channel the new
Home. (The radio can be programmed to ignore this press-and-hold function). The radio is
also programmed so that either the Home or last selected channel is automatically selected
when power is turned on. A secondary Home, Home2, may also be programmed.
Note
4.8
The radio can be optionally programmed so that pressing and holding the Home option
button causes the radio to switch to the existing Home or Home 2 instead of making the
current selection the new Home.
Power Output Select
Each conventional channel and SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 Trunked system can be
programmed for high, low, or switchable power. If the High/Low Power option button or
menu parameter is programmed and selectable power is programmed on the current
channel or system, high and low transmitter power can be selected. All models support
high and low power. The low power level is typically 1 watt and the high power level the
rated power output of the radio (2.5 - 5 watts, depending on frequency band).
The new level is flashed in the display as either “Hi Power” or “Low Power”. If selectable
power is not permitted on the current channel, “Fixed Low” or “Fixed High” is flashed
and no change occurs. The selected power level for a channel or system is permanent until
it is manually changed again. The low power mode may be automatically selected during a
low battery condition (see Section 3.4.2).
4.9
Alert Tone Select
The various alert tones that sound are described in Section 2.5. These tones can be turned
ON and OFF if the Alert Tone option button or Tones menu parameter is programmed.
When all tones are OFF “Tone Off” is momentarily displayed, and when all tones are on,
“Tone On” is momentarily displayed. If this button or menu parameter is not programmed,
tones are fixed in the on or off mode by programming. If the Surveillance mode is
programmed (see following), tones are totally disabled.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
4-7
Surveillance Mode
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
The Alert Tone volume can be adjusted relative to the volume control setting. This is done
by programming and also by the user if the Tone Volume Adjust option button or menu
parameter is programmed. Relative levels of –170 to +170 can be set with “0” the default
setting. A minus value decreases the tone volume and a plus value increases it. The user
adjusted level permanently overrides the programmed level if applicable.
4.10 Surveillance Mode
Surveillance mode is a programmable option that can be used to totally disable the
backlight, all alert tones, and front panel LED indicator in all operating modes. The radio
can be fixed in this mode by programming or it can be turned on and off by the user if the
Surveillance Mode option button or menu parameter is programmed. The user selected
mode permanently overrides the programmed mode if applicable. To provide a transmit
indication when the front panel LED is disabled, the icon is displayed (see Section 2.4).
This icon is displayed only in the surveillance mode.
The transmit/receive LED indicator, display and keypad backlight, and all alert tones can
be programmed to be disabled. When setting is enabled, the radio will power up in
Surveillance mode with the selected options active. A function button can also be assigned
which will activate and deactivate surveillance mode at the user’s discretion. It overrides
any other programming of these functions such as a Tone or Backlight option button.
4.11 Scanning
Scanning monitors the channels in the scan list for messages that the radio is programmed
to receive. When a message is detected, scanning stops and the message is received.
Shortly after the message is complete, scanning resumes.
There are two basic scan modes available: Priority (Standard) and Radio Wide. The
operation of the priority type is unique to the type of channel selected, and the operation of
Radio Wide type is the same regardless of the type of channel selected. Only one type can
be enabled at a time. For example, if priority scanning is enabled and radio wide scanning
is selected, priority scanning is automatically disabled and vice versa. More information
on these types of scanning follows.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Scanning
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
4.11.1 Priority Scanning
Priority scanning (also referred to as standard scan) monitors only channels that are the
same type as that currently selected. For example, if a conventional channel is selected,
only conventional channels are scanned and likewise for SMARTNET/SmartZone and
Project 25 Trunked channels.
More information on how priority scanning operates in the Conventional Mode is located
in Section 5.10, and for the other modes in Section 6.10. Priority scanning is turned on and
off by the Scan option button or menu parameter as follows. If this button or menu
parameter is not programmed, Priority scanning is not available.
• Enable scanning using the Scan option button or menu parameter. Scanning is enabled
when “Scan On” is briefly displayed and the icon is indicated.
• To turn scanning off, press the Scan option button again or select “Off” in the scan
menu. Scanning is disabled when “Scan Off” is briefly displayed and the icon is no
longer indicated.
• If the zone or channel is changed while scanning is selected, scanning continues on the
same or a different scan list (see Section 4.12.1).
Note
Each SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 trunked channel can be programmed so that
scanning is automatically enabled when the channel is selected.
4.11.2 Radio Wide Scanning
Radio wide scanning monitors the channels in the pre programmed radio-wide scan list.
This scan list can include up to 16 channels of any type and assigned to any zone (see
Section 4.12.2). Radio wide scanning is turned on and off by the Radio Wide Scan option
button or menu parameter as follows:
• Enable Radio Wide Scanning using the Radio Wide Scan option button or menu
parameter. Radio wide scanning is enabled when “RW Scn On” is briefly displayed and
the
icon is indicated.
• To turn radio wide scanning off, press the Radio Wide Scan option button again or
select “Off” in the menu. Scanning is disabled when “RW Scn Off” is briefly displayed
and the
icon is no longer indicated.
• If the zone or channel is changed while radio wide scanning, scanning continues
normally.
Priority sampling is not available when using Radio Wide Scan.
Note
Use radio wide scanning only if two different channel types need to be scanned at the
same time such as conventional and SMARTNET/SmartZone. Otherwise, use the more
efficient “Priority Scan” feature, which has less chance of missed scanned traffic.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
4-9
Scanning
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
4.11.3 Scan Hold Time
When a message is received or transmitted while scanning, there is a delay before
scanning resumes. The delay after receiving a call prevents another message from being
received before a response can be made. The delay after transmitting ensures that a
response is heard instead of another message occurring on some other channel.
Separate delay times are programmable for radio wide and priority scanning. With radio
wide scanning, delays of 2-7.5 seconds are programmable in 0.5-second steps. With
priority scanning, delays of 0-7.5 seconds are programmable in 0.5-second steps. With
SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 Trunked scanning, scan delays of 0-8 seconds can be
programmed in 0.5-second steps.
4.11.4 Transmitting in the Scan Mode
Scanning can be performed in the Priority Scan Mode or the Radio Wide Scan Mode.
4.11.4.1
Priority Scan Mode
When the transmitter is keyed while scanning is enabled, the transmission may occur on
various channels as follows.
Conventional Operation - Transmissions can be programmed to always occur on the
priority, selected, or receive channel (if applicable). Refer to Section 5.10 for more
information.
SMARTNET/SmartZone/P25 Trunked Operation - If scanning is halted to receive a
message, programming determines if transmissions occur on the selected or active
channel. Transmissions at other times occur on the selected channel.
4.11.4.2
Radio Wide Scan Mode
The radio can be programmed to transmit on the selected or active channel similar to
SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 trunked operation just described.
4.11.5 Nuisance Channel Add / Delete
With priority scanning, channels can be temporarily deleted from the scan list, for
example, if messages become annoying. This feature is not available with radio wide
scanning. Channels can also be permanently added or deleted from a scan list as described
in the next sections. Use the following steps to temporarily delete a nuisance channel:
Note
4-10
The selected channel and also priority channels cannot be deleted from the scan list.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Scan Lists
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
1 While receiving a message on the channel to be deleted, press and hold the Scan option
button until a tone sounds.
2 The channel is deleted and scanning of the remaining channels in the scan list resumes.
3 Deleted channels are added back into the scan list if any of the following occur:
- Scanning is turned off and then on again using the Scan option button or menu
parameter.
- Radio power is turned off and then on again.
The selected channel is changed.
4.12 Scan Lists
Priority and Radio Wide Scan lists can be programmed.
4.12.1 Priority Scan Lists
A scan list is simply the channels that are scanned when scanning is enabled. With all
operating modes, as many priority scan lists as are required can usually be programmed
(up to 256). The only limitation is the available memory. Each scan list can include up to
256 channels/talkgroups. More information on selecting and editing priority scan lists
follows.
Note
The selected channel is always scanned.
4.12.1.1
Determining Channels in Priority Scan List
The channels in conventional priority scan lists are indicated by selecting the scan mode as
follows. Channels in SMARTNET/SmartZone/P25 Trunked priority scan lists are
indicated only when editing a scan list (see “Editing a Priority Scan List” which follows).
1 Enable priority scanning using the Scan button or menu parameter. Also select the scan
list if applicable as described in the following “Selecting a Priority Scan List”
description.
2 Select the desired zone and then scroll through the channels by rotating the channel
switch. When the displayed channel is in the scan list (scanned normally), the
icon is displayed.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
4-11
Scan Lists
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
4.12.1.2
Note
Selecting a Priority Scan List
Only priority scan lists are selectable.
Conventional systems are programmed with a default scan list that is normally selected by
all channels in that system. However, there is a programmable option to slave a particular
conventional scan list to a zone. This then becomes the default list for all conventional
channels in that zone (it overrides the system programming). This slave feature is
programmed on the Edit Zone screen.
The default scan list (which is to be used by all conventional channels except those
belonging to slaved zones), can be temporarily changed by using the Scan List Select
option button or the menu parameter. A scan list selected in this manner is retained
through radio power down.
SMARTNET/SmartZone and Project 25 Trunked Channels - Each channel (talkgroup) can
be programmed so that one of the programmed lists is selected or scanning is disabled (No
List). In addition, channels can be programmed so that scanning is automatically enabled
(Auto Scan) when they are selected.
If the Scan (List) Select option button or menu parameter is programmed, the list that is
selected by all talk and announcement groups in the current system can be temporarily
changed by the user as follows. “No List” (scanning disabled) or “Programmed” (default
list) can also be selected if desired. The temporary programmed scan list is retained
through radio power down.
To change the currently selected scan list (all channel types), proceed as follows:
1 With scanning disabled ( icon not displayed), press the Scan List option button or
select the Scan Selct menu parameter.
2 The currently selected list is displayed as “List x”, where “x” is the currently selected
list. To exit without changing the selected list, simply press the Scan List option button
again or the <F1> button.
3 To select another list, press the Up/Down buttons. When the desired list is displayed,
select it and exit this mode by pressing the Scan List option button again or the <F1> or
<F2> button.
4.12.1.3
Editing a Priority Scan List
If the Scan Edit option button or menu parameter is programmed, conventional,
SMARTNET/SmartZone, and P25 Trunked priority (standard) scan lists can be user
programmed. Changes are permanent (cycling power does not reselect a default
condition). Proceed as follows:
1 Make sure that both priority and radio wide scanning are off ( icon not displayed).
Select a conventional or SMARTNET/SmartZone/P25 Trunked channel corresponding
to the scan list being programmed.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Scan Lists
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
2 Select the scan edit mode using the Scan Edit option button or menu parameter. This
mode is indicated by
in the display.
3 If applicable, select the list to be edited by pressing the Up/Down buttons. Select the
desired list by pressing the <F2> button. The selected list is indicated as “List x”. If
user programming is disabled on a list, (conventional only) “No Edit” is momentarily
displayed and it cannot be edited.
4 Select the channel you want to add or delete by pressing the Up/Down buttons. After
the last channel in the current zone is displayed, the first valid channel in the next zone
is displayed and vice versa. Lists are limited to 256. If an attempt is made to add more
than that, “List Full” is displayed and a channel must be deleted before another can be
added.
Note
Priority channels can be deleted.
5 If the selected channel is in the scan list (scanned), the
icon is displayed. To
change the status of the displayed channel, press the <F2> (Enter) button.
With conventional channels only, if the selected scan list is programmed with fixed
priority channel(s), the next press of <F2> makes the current channel the priority
channel indicated by . If dual priority channels are used, pressing <F2> again makes
it the second priority channel indicated by 2 . Then pressing <F2> again takes the
channel out of the scan list. Refer to Sections 5.10.2 and 6.10.1 for more information on
priority channel sampling.
6 To exit this mode and save the changes, press the <F1> (Exit) button or the Scan Edit
option button again.
4.12.2 Radio Wide Scan Lists
With radio wide scanning, there is only one scan list available regardless of the type of
channel selected. This list is user programmable, and can contain up to 16 channels of any
type. For example, it could include six conventional channels and ten SMARTNET/
SmartZone channels. More information on selecting and editing radio wide scan lists
follows.
4.12.2.1
Determining Channels in Radio Wide Scan List
The channels in model radio wide scan lists are determined by selecting the scan list edit
mode (see “Editing Radio Wide Scan List” which follows). When the displayed channel is
in the radio wide scan list (scanned normally), the
icon is displayed.
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4-13
Global Positioning System (GPS)
4.12.2.2
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
Editing a Radio Wide Scan List
If the RWS Edit option button or menu parameter is programmed, the radio wide scan list
can be edited. Changes are permanent (cycling power does not reselect a default
condition). Proceed as follows:
1 Make sure that both priority and radio wide scanning are off ( icon not displayed).
Select the scan edit mode using the RWS Edit option button or menu parameter. This
mode is indicated by the
(Radio Wide Scan) and
(Edit) icons in the display.
2 Select the channel you want to add or delete by pressing the Up/Down buttons. After
the last channel in the current zone is displayed, the first valid channel in the next zone
is displayed and vice versa. The list is limited to 16 channels. If an attempt is made to
add more than 16, “List Full” is displayed and a channel must be deleted before another
can be added.
3 If the selected channel is in the scan list (scanned), the
icon is displayed. To
change the status of the displayed channel, press the <F2> (Enter) button.
4 To exit this mode and save the changes, press the <F1> (Exit) button or the RWS Edit
option button again.
4.13 Global Positioning System (GPS)
If this feature is enabled, GPS data can be received from satellites when a GPS receiver is
attached to the side port of the radio. This can include accessories such as the Discover™
GPS Speaker Microphone, if the side port is so configured by PC Configure (see the
microphone’s user manual for operational details). GPS data can be viewed using P25,
Conventional, MultiNet, and SMARTNET/SmartZone Systems. The radio can send the
data as P25 data on properly configured digital conventional systems.
4.13.1 Viewing GPS Data
To use the GPS feature (on a properly configured radio):
1 Connect the cable from the GPS receiver to the Accessory Connector on the side of the
radio (see Figure 2.3).
2 Wait until the GPS receiver acquires enough satellites to obtain a valid position fix.
This will be indicated by the appearance of the satellite icon
on the display.
Note
4-14
It may take up to 10 minutes, depending upon signal conditions, for the GPS receiver to
obtain a position fix. Failure of the icon to appear indicates that the receiver was unable
to obtain a fix.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
3 When the satellite icon appears, press the assigned GPS button (or select GPS from the
menu). “GPS” will display briefly, and will be followed by one of the GPS data items:
- Latitude (e.g., 40o55.32’N)
- Longitude (e.g., 90o23.41’W)
- Altitude in meters (e.g., 390.2)
- Speed (e.g., 55.5 MPH)
- Course Over Ground (e.g., COG 183.4o)
- Time (e.g., 14:23:15)
Press the F2 button to cycle to/from daylight savings time
- Date (e.g., 26NOV2008)
- Number of satellites that the receiver is currently receiving
4 You can cycle through the data items using the “Up” and “Down” buttons. If data is not
available for an item, the display shows “No Data”.
Note
The GPS viewing mode remains active for 60 seconds after the last user input.
5 To exit GPS viewing, press the assigned GPS button or press the “Clear” button (F1).
4.13.2 Sending GPS Data
The radio can send GPS data in conventional digital mode only. Refer to paragraph 5.17
for more information.
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Global Positioning System (GPS)
4-16
Section 4 - Radio-wide Features
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Conventional Mode Features
Section5
An overview of the conventional operating mode is located in Section 3.9.1. The
following information describes the features unique to analog and digital (Project 25)
conventional operation. Refer to the preceding “Radio Wide Features” (Section 4) for
information on features common to all operating modes.
5.1
Monitoring Before Transmitting
With conventional operation, you may need to manually monitor the channel before
transmitting to make sure that it is not being used by someone else. If you transmit while
someone else is using the channel, you will disrupt their conversation. With SMARTNET/
SmartZone and P25 Trunked operation, monitoring is performed automatically. You can
monitor conventional channels automatically or manually.
5.1.1
Automatic Channel Monitoring
If the selected channel is programmed for Busy Channel Lockout (also called Transmit
Disable On Busy), monitoring is automatic. Refer to Section 5.3 for more information on
this feature.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
5-1
Monitor Mode
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.1.2
Manual Channel Monitoring
The automatic monitoring just described may occasionally disable the transmitter when
the channel is not in use, such as if the repeater has extended hang time. In this case, you
may not want to use automatic monitoring, but monitor the channel manually as follows:
Busy Indicator - With scanning disabled, note if the multi-function indicator on the
front panel is steady green. If it is steady green, a carrier is being detected, so the
channel may be busy (see Monitor Mode, following). If it is not, the channel is not
being used and a call can be transmitted.
Monitor Mode - There may be times when a busy condition is indicated even though
no one is using the channel. Monitoring should then be performed by disabling Call
Guard squelch (or talkgroup ID detect on Project 25 channels). This is usually done by
selecting the Monitor Mode (see following) or by the Normal/Selective option button or
menu parameter (see Section 5.4.5).
5.2
Monitor Mode
The monitor mode unsquelches the receiver and monitors the channel even if a carrier is
not detected. Other features of this mode are as follows:
• Call Guard (CTCSS/DCS) squelch is disabled on analog channels and NAC and
talkgroup ID detect are disabled on P25 (conventional) channels.
• Signaling-dependent Busy Channel Lockout options for Tone/NAC and P25 status are
overridden (see next section). (Noise option is not overridden: Monitor mode disables
the protocol-signaling events that the Busy Channel Lockout option Tone/NAC/Status
depend on, but not carrier events.)
• Scanning temporarily halts
The Monitor Mode operates as follows:
1 To monitor the transmit frequency for activity before transmitting, briefly press the
Monitor option button or select the Monitor menu “Tx Channel” parameter. The
icon is then displayed to indicate the monitor mode. The receiver unsquelches and noise
is heard even if carrier not present.
2 To monitor the receive frequency instead, press and hold the Monitor option button
until a tone sounds, or select the Monitor menu “Sqlch Ovrd” parameter. This can be
used, for example, to improve reception if intermittent squelching is making a weak
message difficult to understand.
3 To disable the monitor mode and return to normal operation, press the Monitor option
button again or select the Monitor menu “Off” parameter.
5-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Busy Channel Lockout
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
The Normal/Selective function disables Call Guard squelch and P25 group ID detect but
not scanning and P25 NAC detect (see Section 5.4.5).
5.3
Busy Channel Lockout
The Busy Channel Lockout feature (also called Transmit Disable on Busy) automatically
disables the transmitter if the channel is busy when the PTT switch is pressed. When the
transmitter is disabled by this feature, “Busy” is displayed, a busy tone sounds, and the
transmitter is disabled.
The Busy Channel Lockout feature can be programmed to operate as follows. Each
conventional channel can be programmed differently.
“Off” - Busy channel lockout is disabled and the transmitter keys even if the channel is
busy.
“Noise” - If a carrier is detected on the channel, the transmitter is disabled when the
PTT switch is pressed.
“Tone (NAC)” - If an incorrect Call Guard (CTCSS/DCS) or NAC code (see Section
5.14) is detected, the transmitter is disabled when the PTT switch is pressed. An
incorrect code is any code other than the one programmed for the current channel.
“Status (P25 Conv Only)” – Radio will monitor the outgoing status symbols of the
repeater transmit channel. The radio is allowed to transmit if the idle symbol is
detected.
If Busy Channel Override is permitted by programming, it is possible to transmit even
when the transmitter is disabled by this feature. Release the PTT switch and then quickly
press it again (within one second).
5.4
Call Guard Squelch
Tone or digital Call Guard squelch (also called CTCSS/DCS signaling) can be
programmed on each conventional analog transmit and receive channel in any order
desired. The reverse burst and turn-off code are always transmitted and also detected on
channels programmed with Call Guard squelch.
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5-3
Call Guard Squelch
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
The Call Guard squelch feature eliminates distracting messages intended for others using
the channel. This is done by using a subaudible tone or digital code to control the squelch.
This tone or code is unique to a user or a group on that channel. This tone or code is
transmitted with the voice signal but is not heard because it is in the subaudible range and
is attenuated by a filter. Call Guard squelch must be used in both the transmitting and
receiving radio to be functional.
5.4.1
Call Guard Squelch Enable / Disable
The Normal/Selective option button (if programmed) or menu parameter can be used to
disable receive Call Guard squelch on analog channels or talkgroup ID code detection on
P25 channels. When selective squelch is disabled, “Sq Normal” is flashed in the display,
and when it is enabled, “Sq Select” is flashed.
When “Normal” is selected, the receiver unsquelches only if a carrier is detected.
Scanning and Project 25 NAC detection are not disabled with this mode selected. The
selected mode is in effect until it is manually changed again. Selecting another channel or
cycling power does not reselect a default condition. There is a programmable option to
display the monitor icon when the “Normal” mode is selected.
5.4.2
Tone Call Guard Squelch
Tone-type Call Guard squelch uses subaudible CTCSS tones from 67-254.1 Hz. Although
there are 42 tones assigned, those above 33 (210.7 Hz) are normally not used because of
their close proximity to the voice band which starts at 300 Hz. In addition, tones 11 (97.4
Hz), 39 (69.3 Hz), 40 (206.5 Hz), 41 229.1 Hz), and 42 (254.1 Hz) are normally not used
because they may cause interference with adjacent tones.
A reverse burst is transmitted when the push-to-talk switch is released and also detected
when calls are received. It is a 180-degree phase reversal for a period of time determined
by the tone frequency, and it eliminates the squelch tail (noise burst) in the receiving radio.
Both the transmitting and receiving radio must be equipped with this feature for it to be
used.
If the user would like to hear the squelch tail, then the reverse burst transmission can be
disabled by checking the “Disable Squelch Tail Elimination” checkbox.
5.4.3
Digital Call Guard Squelch
Digitally Coded Squelch (DCS) uses digital data instead of subaudible tones to control the
squelch. When the push-to-talk switch is released, a turn-off code is transmitted which
eliminates the squelch tail similar to the reverse burst.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Call Guard Squelch
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.4.4
Call Guard Disable
A programmed option lets the radio disregard any CTCSS/DCS or NAC/Talkgroup
information on the current channel. This feature is best described as a monitor mode with
no white noise. In analog it is functionally the same as turning the squelch mode to
“normal.” In digital mode it is analogous to checking the “digital squelch” box in
PCConfigure. The function can be programmed to any button or the ABC toggle switch,
and the menu. The mode will stay active through channel changes (between conventional
channels) and during scan. While the feature is active the monitor icon will be displayed.
5.4.5
Selective Squelch Code Select (CTCSS / DCS / NAC)
This feature allows the normal transmit and receive Call Guard (CTCSS/DCS/NAC)
programming to be temporarily overridden with a code selected from a pre programmed
list. It is available if the Squelch Select List option button or menu parameter and a
CTCSS/NAC code list have been programmed.
Note
Call Guard codes can be permanently reprogrammed by keypad programming described
in Section 5.15.
In addition, conventional systems can be programmed for the Keypad CTCSS/DSC
feature. Codes can then be selected directly from the table by pressing the key for the
code. For example, to select code 3 from the table, simply press the “3” key. No other
conventional mode functions can then be assigned to these keys.
The CTCSS/DCS/NAC list is programmed with up to 64 tone (CTCSS) or digital (DCS)
Call Guard codes. Different codes can be programmed for the transmit and receive modes,
and carrier squelch (selective squelch disabled) can be programmed if desired. In addition,
each position can be programmed with an NAC code for use with P25 operation.
When the Call Guard code is changed using this feature, it remains selected even if other
channels are selected. However, if radio power is cycled or a talk-around channel is
selected, the normal codes are reselected. When scanning, the selected code also applies to
all scanned channels. Each channel can also be programmed to always ignore the code
selected from this list and use the default code instead.
If both analog and digital (Project 25) channels can be selected or scanned, the CTCSS/
DCS code for the selected position is used for analog channels and the NAC code for the
selected position is used for P25 channels. If a channel is programmed for mixed mode
operation, the selective squelch type (analog or digital) programmed for the transmit mode
determines the selective squelch type used.
Proceed as follows to select a code using the Squelch Select List option button or menu
parameter:
1 Press the Squelch Select List option button or select the Sqlch Code menu mode
parameter. Then press the Up/Down buttons to select the desired code. The display
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
5-5
Penalty Timer
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
indicates “SEL SQ xx” where, “xx” is the selected code from 1-64. The code number
and actual code are alternately displayed (NACs are displayed in hexadecimal).
2 To select the displayed code and return to the normal display, press the <F2> (Select)
button or the Squelch Select List button again.
3 To check which code is selected, press the Squelch Select List button once to display
the current selection and then again to return to normal operation.
4 To return to the normal selective squelch codes, select “Default” in this mode. As
previously described, the normal codes are also automatically reselected whenever
radio power is cycled or a talk-around channel is selected.
5.5
Penalty Timer
A penalty timer may be programmed on conventional systems to prevent transmissions for
the programmed time after the time-out timer disables the transmitter (see Section 4.6).
The penalty timer can be programmed for the same times as the time-out timer, and timing
starts when the PTT switch is released. If the PTT switch is pressed while the timer is
running the timer stops, and continues when the PTT switch is released. When the penalty
timer expires, a beep sounds and the transmitter can then be keyed.
5.6
Conversation Timer
A conversation timer can be programmed on conventional systems in addition to the timeout timer (see Section 4.6). This timer limits the total length of a conversation rather than
just the length of each transmission as with the time-out timer. The following is more
information on this timer.
• It can be programmed for times up to 7.5 minutes.
• It is reset when the time between transmissions exceeds the time programmed for the
penalty timer.
• A warning beep sounds five seconds before this timer disables the transmitter.
• When this timer disables the transmitter, a continuous tone sounds and the red transmit
indicator turns off. The PTT switch must then be released until the penalty timer expires
(indicated by a beep).
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Repeater Talkaround
5.7
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
Repeater Talkaround
Normally, all transmissions go through a repeater which usually increases range.
However, there may be times when a user is out of range of the repeater and therefore
unable to talk to anyone even though the user being called is only a short distance away.
To allow communication in this situation, repeater talk-around can be selected.
Transmissions then occur on the receive frequency which permits direct radio-to-radio
communication.
Repeater talkaround can be selected if the RTA option button or menu parameter is
programmed. When talk-around is enabled by this button,
is displayed. This feature
remains enabled during scanning, and changing channels or turning power off does not
change the selected condition. Talkaround is available on conventional channels only.
A function buttons can be programmed to the “Repeater Talkaround” function. With a
button programmed as “Repeater Talkaround”, the user can press this button while on any
conventional frequency, shifting the radio from operation through a repeater, to simplex
operation on the repeater transmit frequency.
With a “Repeater Talkaround” button enabled, there is no restriction as to which channels
the user can transmit (in simplex mode) on the repeater transmit frequency. A user can
switch to talkaround mode on a busy dispatch channel, and his transmissions could
prevent nearby users from hearing the repeater transmissions.
5.8
Displaying Transmit / Receive Frequency
If the Displayed Information option button or menu parameter is programmed (see Section
4.2), it can be used to display the channel frequency in megahertz. Pressing this button
toggles between displaying the standard channel alias and the channel frequency. The
receive frequency is displayed when receiving and the transmit frequency is displayed
when transmitting. This feature is available on conventional channels only.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
5-7
Emergency Alarm and Call
5.9
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
Emergency Alarm and Call
Emergency Alarms and Calls are separate functions that can be individually enabled or
disabled on each analog and P25 conventional system. The Emergency option button or
menu parameter is required for these functions. Emergency Alarms and Calls are
transmitted on the global (radio wide) emergency zone/channel if one is programmed. If it
is not programmed, the emergency is transmitted on the selected channel. The emergency
programming of the system to which that channel is linked controls the emergency
operation.
5.9.1
Emergency Alarms
An emergency alarm is a special transmission that alerts a dispatcher of an emergency
situation. It is sent automatically by pressing the Emergency option button or selecting the
Emergency menu parameter. The system to which the emergency channel is linked must
have Emergency Alarms enabled.
In the P25 conventional mode, a special P25 emergency data transmission is sent, and in
the conventional analog mode, an analog signalling packet is sent (both are programmed
by PCConfigure). Refer to Section 5.12.3 for information on MDC1200 Emergency Alert.
For an Emergency Alarm:
• The DTMF Emergency ID is sent.
• The MDC ID is sent with the emergency bit set.
• The Five Tone ID is sent with the fifth tone being status type emergency.
• No special action is done with the single tone.
Proceed as follows to send an emergency alarm:
1 If required, select a channel of a system on which Emergency Alarms are enabled and
then press the Emergency option button or select that menu parameter. The radio then
automatically transmits the emergency alarm.
2 Either Normal or Silent operation can be programmed. With Normal operation, the red
LED lights, the emergency tone sounds, and “EMERGENCY” flashes in the display.
“EMERGENCY” continues to flash until the alarm ends. If “Silent” is programmed,
none of these indications occur. If “No Receive Activity During Emergency” is
programmed, receive audio, the front panel LED, and receive icons are disabled in the
receive mode.
5-8
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Emergency Alarm and Call
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
3 When the emergency alarm is acknowledged by the dispatcher, “Ack Rcvd” is briefly
displayed and the emergency acknowledge tone (two beeps) sounds. This alert tone can
be disabled if desired, and does not occur if Silent operation is programmed.
Retries will occur automatically for conventional analog and MDC. No emergency
acknowledgement is expected from the system. Retries will continue until a
programmed count of retries is reached.
4 The emergency alarm mode is exited when radio power is cycled or by pressing and
holding the Emergency option button.
5.9.2
Emergency Call Alert
This feature notifies a user when an emergency call is being made on their selected P25
Conventional Talkgroup.
If an emergency call is received by the radio on the selected channel, the emergency alarm
ACK tone will sound (5 consecutive tones), and the “Emerg Rcvd” message will display,
followed by the unit ID of the emergency radio. If any other emergency calls are made
after this initial one using a different radio, the tone will not sound, but the unit ID will be
updated to reflect the most recent emergency call. To exit this state, press the button
programmed for “Emergency Clear”. The radio should return to its normal display, and
the Emergency Received message should no longer show.
5.9.3
Emergency Calls
The Emergency Call feature allows a user to place an emergency voice call by pressing the
PTT switch after pressing the Emergency option button or selecting the Emergency menu
parameter. If the Emergency Hot Mic feature is enabled, the emergency call is
automatically transmitted without having to press the PTT switch (see following
description). The system to which the emergency channel is linked must have Emergency
Calls enabled. Analog and Digital (P25) calls can be individually enabled.
If the emergency call is sent on a P25 channel, an emergency indication is sent. If it is sent
on an analog channel, the DTMF Emergency ID is sent in place of the ANI DTMF PTT ID
if applicable.
Note
The DTMF Emergency ID is sent only if pre- or post- DTMF ANI is enabled on the
channel by programming.
MDC, Five Tone Signaling, or Single Tone Signaling are sent for Analog Emergency
Calls, depending on the setting of the Emergency Analog Signaling field in PC Configure.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
5-9
Emergency Alarm and Call
5.9.3.1
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
Emergency Hot Mic
If Emergency Hot Mic has been enabled for emergency calls, automatic transmitting
occurs with microphone audio unmuted without having to manually press the PTT switch.
The automatic transmit period is programmed for 10-120 seconds in 10-second steps. If
this feature or emergency calls are not enabled by programming, automatic transmitting
does not occur. This feature is initiated only on the first press of the Emergency button.
Subsequent presses do not trigger automatic transmissions. To reset this function, cycle
power or press and hold the Emergency button.
5.9.3.2
Placing an Emergency Call
1 If required, select a channel of a system on which Emergency Calls are enabled and
press the Emergency option button or select that menu parameter. The Emergency Call
is then sent as described in Section 5.9.1 if applicable.
2 If the preceding Emergency Hot Mic feature is enabled, the call is automatically
transmitted without pressing the PTT switch. If it is disabled, press the PTT switch and
begin speaking as with a standard call. If the channel is changed, operation continues on
the new channel in the emergency mode.
3 With analog calls, subsequent presses of the PTT switch cause the DTMF emergency
ID to be sent according to the ANI programming (if DTMF ANI is enabled on the
channel). With digital calls, the calls continue to have the emergency bit set.
4 If the Surveillance Mode is enabled (see Section 4.10), all indicators, lights, and tones
are disabled. If “No Receive Activity During Emergency” is programmed, receive
audio, the front panel LED, and receive icons are disabled in the receive mode.
5 To exit this mode, cycle radio power or press and hold the Emergency button.
5.9.4
External Emergency Switch
5100 ES radio models support the External Emergency feature. A special man-down
switch (currently available only from third-party vendors) can be attached to the accessory
connector of the radio.If this feature is enabled by programming and the radio is in a
horizontal position for longer than the programmed time (0-63 seconds), an emergency
condition is triggered the same as if the Emergency button was pressed. The emergency
can be canceled by a press and release of the Emergency button.
Note
5-10
Accessories, such as speaker-microphones, cannot be used with this feature.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Conventional Mode Scanning
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.10 Conventional Mode Scanning
Channel scanning features common to all operating modes are described in Sections 4.11
and 4.12. The following information describes features unique to conventional operation.
5.10.1 Transmitting in Scan Mode
Each conventional scan list can be programmed for one of the following modes. These
modes determine if priority sampling occurs and also the channel on which transmissions
occur while scanning. Refer to the next section for more information on priority sampling.
No Priority - No priority channel sampling occurs when the list is selected. The radio
transmits on the selected channel.
Priority/Tx Selected - Priority sampling occurs and the priority channel or channels are
those programmed in the selected scan list. The radio transmits on the selected channel.
Priority/Tx Priority (1) - Priority sampling occurs and the priority channel or channels
are those programmed in the selected scan list. The radio transmits on the priority (1)
channel.
Priority (1) on Selected - The priority (1) channel is always the selected channel. The
radio transmits on the selected channel.
Talkback - No priority sampling occurs. The radio transmits on the channel of a call
while scanning is halted. Then once scanning resumes, it transmits on the selected
channel.
5.10.2 Priority Channel Sampling
The following describes priority sampling when scanning conventional channels.
Note
Priority sampling when scanning SMARTNET/SmartZone/P25 Trunked channels is
described in Section 6.10.
The priority channel sampling feature ensures that when priority scanning, messages on
the priority channel are not missed while listening to a message on some other channel.
The radio can be programmed as just described so that the priority channel is a fixed
channel programmed in the current scan list, the currently selected channel, or not used.
Note
Priority channel sampling is not available when receiving analog encrypted (DES) calls,
nor when receiving unit calls. In addition, the priority channel is not scanned if the active
channel is an analog channel on the same frequency as the priority channel and is
programmed with CTCSS/DCS squelch control.
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5-11
Conventional Mode Scanning
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
Either a single or dual priority channels can be programmed if desired. With dual priority,
a call on the second priority channel is interrupted by a call on the first priority channel but
not vice versa. When scanning and the selected channel is a single or first priority channel,
is indicated in the display. This indication is displayed regardless of whether the
priority channel is fixed or always the selected channel. When it is a second priority
channel,
is displayed.
2
The priority channel sampling frequency is determined by the programmed Priority
Lookback Time A (see description which follows). For example, if 2.0 seconds is
programmed, the priority channel is sampled every 2.0 seconds when listening to a
message on a non-priority channel. When not listening to a message, the priority channels
are scanned in the normal scan sequence. With dual priority, the first and second priority
channels are alternately sampled at the Lookback Time.
Priority channel sampling occurs only with conventional priority scanning. It does not
occur with radio wide scanning, when listening to any type of SMARTNET/SmartZone/
P25 trunked call, encrypted call, or when transmitting (see preceding note). A series of
“ticks” may be heard when the priority channel is sampled while listening to a message on
some other conventional channel.
The priority sampling times are programmed by the following parameters:
Lookback Time A - This time determines how often the priority channel is checked for
activity. Times of 0.25-4.00 seconds in 0.25-second steps can be programmed.
Lookback Time B - This time determines how often the priority channel is checked
once an incorrect Call Guard (CTCSS/DCS) or NAC code is detected. Since it takes
much longer to detect an incorrect Call Guard signal than a carrier, this time should be
relatively long to prevent the interruptions from making a message difficult to
understand. Times of 0.5-8.0 seconds can be programmed in 0.5-second steps.
5.10.2.1
Changing the Priority Channel
If a fixed priority channel is associated with the current scan list, it can be changed if the
Priority option button or menu parameter is programmed. With dual priority, this function
changes only the first priority channel. To change both priority channels, use the Scan List
Edit function described in Section 4.12.1.
Proceed as follows to change the priority channel using the Priority option button/menu
parameter:
1 Make sure scanning is disabled (
selected (see Section 4.12).
icon not displayed) and the desired scan list is
2 Select the channel you want to be the priority channel and then press the Priority option
button or select that menu parameter. “Priority” is then flashed to indicate that the
current channel is now the priority channel when scanning that list. Other indications
that may occur are as follows:
- If “No Priority” is displayed, priority sampling may not be enabled on the scan list.
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Standard Conventional Calls
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
- If “Sel Chan” is displayed, the priority channel is always the selected channel and
cannot be changed.
- If no indication displayed, the scan list may not be user editable or the channel may
not be in the scan list.
5.11 Standard Conventional Calls
Standard conventional calls are placed to other radio units monitoring the selected
channel. The proper coded Call Guard squelch tone or code or P25 NAC may need to be
transmitted by your radio for them to receive a call (see Sections 5.4 and 5.14.3).
5.11.1 Placing a Standard Conventional Call
1 Turn power on and set the volume as described in Section 3.1. Select the channel
programmed for the radio you want to call as described in Section 3.3.
2 Monitor the channel automatically or manually as described in Section 5.1.
3 Press the PTT switch and if the Busy Channel Lockout feature is programmed on the
channel (see Section 5.3), the transmitter is automatically disabled if the channel is
busy. Otherwise, busy and out-of-range conditions are not indicated.
4 Press (and hold) the PTT switch to talk and release it to listen.
5.11.2 Receiving a Standard Conventional Call
1 Select or scan the channel programmed for the call you want to receive (refer to
Sections 4.11 and 4.12 for more scanning information).
2 When the call is received, press the PTT switch to talk and release it to listen. If
scanning, responses may occur on the priority, selected, or receive channel as described
in Section 5.10.1.
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ANI Signaling Options
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.12 ANI Signaling Options
Four types of analog signaling are offered:
• Single Tone Encoding
• Five Tone Encoding
• DTMF
• MDC
Three features use analog signaling:
• Pre and Post ANI
• Emergency Alarm
• RTT
5.12.1 DTMF / ANI Signaling
Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) tones can be generated for Automatic Number
Identification (ANI) and other purposes on conventional analog channels. One of the
following options may be enabled on each channel:
Pre-Tx ANI - A pre programmed ANI sequence is automatically sent each time the
PTT switch is pressed.
Post-Tx ANI - A pre programmed ANI sequence is automatically sent each time the
PTT switch is released.
When an emergency alarm or call is placed, this ANI signaling is replaced by the
Emergency DTMF ID (see Section 5.9). Refer to Section 5.12.3 for information on
MDC1200 ANI.
5.12.2 Single Tone Encoder
This feature allows the user to transmit a single tone by pressing the Single Tone Encoder
option button or selecting that menu parameter. Each conventional system can be
programmed for a tone of 500-2500 Hz in 1 Hz increments with a duration of 0.5-2.5
seconds in 0.1 second increments.
This feature can be activated with a button press or can be used for Pre and Post ANI,
Emergency Alarm, or RTT.
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ANI Signaling Options
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.12.3 MDC1200 Compatibility
MDC1200 is a signaling protocol designed and implemented by Motorola for analog
channels only. The following features of this protocol are supported. Either MDC1200 or
standard DTMF ANI/Emergency signaling can be programmed on each conventional
system.
Note
This feature is hardware dependent and therefore cannot be added to others by upgrading
firmware).
MDC1200 ANI - Both pre and post ANI are supported.
MDC1200 Decode - MDC1200 decode functionality is supported so that the radio can
handle the following MDC1200 features:
• Process the system acknowledgement of emergency transmissions – so that the user
knows that the emergency has been received
• PTT ID Decode - Display the ID / Alias of a calling radio on all other radios
• Selective Radio Inhibit – Allow the dispatcher to inhibit a radio
• Call Alert – Alerts the user to call the dispatcher
• Radio Check – Verify that the unit is within the operating area
MDC1200 Emergency Alarm - The radio continues trying its emergency transmission
until the emergency is acknowledged by the system. The radio will retry for the
programmed number of retries.
5.12.4 Five-Tone Signaling
A single transmission consists of five separate tones transmitted sequentially with an
optional inter-tone pause between tones. If Five-Tone is selected as the RTT type, then
Five-tone shall also be used as the signaling type for conventional analog emergencies.
The first four tones are used for unit identification and the fifth tone is used for status.
No two adjacent tones shall be the same frequency. When two identical digits follow each
other, the second shall be transmitted as the “Repeat” tone.
Five Tone signaling can also be used for Pre Post ANI and Emergency Alarm Signaling.
Fifth Tone Status values are:
Tone 1 – Normal Call
Tone 9 – Emergency Call
Tone 2 – Normal Secure Call
Tone 8 – Emergency Secure Call
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Clone Mode
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.13 Clone Mode
The Clone feature enables one radio to program another with identical information. The
PC Configure programming software is not required. Other requirements are as follows:
• The Clone menu parameter must be enabled in the master (sending) radio. This
parameter is not required with the slave (receiving) radio.
• The master and slave radios must be identical models (same frequency range and
options).
Only zones with conventional analog and P25 channels can be transferred using this
function. Any SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 trunked information is not transferred. In
addition, the P25 Unit ID, encryption keys, and the RSI ID and other OTAR information
are not transferred. Cloned zones are indicated in the slave radio by an asterisk in the first
character position of the zone alias (The first character is replaced by this asterisk.).
5.13.1 Wireless Cloning
A new wireless cloning feature is available that allows one radio to program another using
an RF link instead of having to be physically connected by a cloning cable. This feature is
available on P25 conventional channels only.
The wireless cloning feature uses the P25 data functionality of the radio. Therefore, a
conventional P25 channel must be programmed in both radios and the slave radio must
have been programmed with a P25 Unit ID. In addition, Data Registration must be enabled
in both radios. If it is not programmed, “Disabled” is displayed. Radios with wireless
cloning capability have a new selection in the cloning menu to select either Clone N
(Normal) or Clone W (Wireless). If Wireless is selected, an additional menu is displayed
for entering the P25 Unit ID of the destination radio (slave). The Zone/Complete mode is
then selected.
5.13.2 Cloning Procedure
The Cloning procedure is as follows:
1 With normal (non-wireless) cloning, connect the master (sending) radio to the slave
(receiving) radio using Cloning Cable, Part No. 023-5100-930.
2 On the master radio, select the Clone menu parameter and press the <F2> button. If
applicable, select either “Clone W” (Wireless) or “Clone N” (Normal). If normal
cloning was selected or if this is not selectable, proceed to Step 4.
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
3 With wireless cloning, a screen is then displayed for entering the P25 Unit ID of the
destination (slave) radio. Enter this ID using the keypad (or the Up/Down buttons) and
<F2>.
4 The clone mode “Zone” or “Complete” is then selected. Select the desired mode.
Operation is as follows:
Zone - This mode allows channel information for only the selected zone to be
transferred. A list of the current conventional zones is displayed. Select the desired
zone by highlighting it and pressing the <F2> button. A selected zone is indicated by an
asterisk (*). Scroll to “OK” and press <F2> to begin the data transfer. The selected zone
in the slave radio is overwritten. Previously, multiple zones could be selected and they
were appended to those in the slave radio.
Complete - This mode transfers all conventional programming information. Simply
highlight “Complete” and press the <F2> button to begin the data transfer. This mode
overwrites all this information currently in the slave radio. None of the previous
information is retained except for the IDs as described in Section 5.13.
5.14 Project 25 Mode Features
The following features are unique to conventional P25 channels.
5.14.1 Digital Unit ID
Each radio that operates on Project 25 (digital) channels is programmed with an eight-digit
unit ID. This ID is unique for each radio and can be any number from 1-16,777,215. When
power is turned on with a Project 25 channel selected, this ID is briefly displayed.
5.14.2 Talkgroup ID
Each Project 25 channel is programmed with a talkgroup ID that determines which group
of radios will receive the call. A call is received on a channel if a selected or scanned
channel is programmed with that ID and the correct NAC is detected (see following).
Talkgroup IDs can be any number from 0-65,535. Talkgroup ID detect can be disabled by
the Normal/Selective squelch function described in Section 5.4.1 or the monitor mode
described in Section 5.2
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.14.3 Network Access Code
Project 25 conventional channels also use a NAC (Network Access Code) to control which
calls are received on a channel. The NAC can be 0-4095, and each transmit and receive
channel can be programmed for a different code. Other operation, such as monitoring
before transmitting, is similar to that of analog channels. NAC (and talkgroup ID) detect
can be disabled by the monitor mode described in Section 5.2.
5.14.4 Out of Range (EFJohnson Conventional) Indication
In an EFJohnson P25 conventional infrastructure radio system, a predefined beacon can be
programmed for transmission from the system at preset intervals. If the radio remains idle
and does not receive the beacon from the system within a specified time period
(programmed by PC Configure) an “Out of Rng” indication is displayed to inform the
radio user of the condition. If the beacon is received, the timer is automatically restarted,
and no out-of range condition is indicated. If an Out of Range condition exists, the user
can still transmit and receive, but the condition will not exit until the beacon is received.
Note
This Out-of-Range indication applies only to EFJohnson Technologies P25 conventional
infrastructure systems.
5.14.5
Automatic (EFJohnson Conventional) Registration
When used in an EFJohnson P25 conventional infrastructure radio system, an option on
the radio can be programmed to provide additional identifying information to the system
upon receipt of a dynamic data registration request. If the “EFJ Affiliation” option is
enabled, the subscriber unit will transmit its current talkgroup and mobile computer IP
address to the system in addition to its unit ID during a dynamic data registration request.
The radio will attempt a data registration on channel change. If the radio does not receive a
registration response after the programmed number of retries it will display Reg Failed. If
the radio is out of range and then returns to within range of a site where it had not yet
registered, it will initiate another registration.
Note
This Automatic registration applies only to EFJohnson Technologies P25 conventional
infrastructure systems.
5.14.6 P25 Group Calls
P25 group calls are placed by simply selecting the channel programmed for the desired
group, monitoring the channel if required, and transmitting.
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
When a P25 group call is received, the alias (or frequency) of the selected channel is
displayed. The radio can be programmed so that the following are also displayed for 0.57.0 seconds or continuously during the call.
P25 PTT ID- The unit ID of the radio placing the call is displayed.
P25 Talkgroup - The alias of the talkgroup on which the call is being received is
displayed.
User Group ID - If the group ID of the call being received is included in a pre
programmed User Group ID list, the alias programmed in that list for that group is
displayed.
Received Key ID- The Key ID (or the alias, if programmed) of the key used to decode
the call is displayed.
5.14.6.1
Changing a Channel Talkgroup
If the Digital Talk Group Select option button or Select TG menu parameter is
programmed, the talkgroup assigned to a channel can be changed by the user. The new
talkgroup continues to be assigned to the channel until it is manually changed again
(cycling radio power or selecting another channel does not reselect a default talkgroup).
Change the talkgroup assigned to a channel as follows:
1 Select the channel to be changed.
2 To select the talkgroup from the list of programmed talkgroups, briefly press the Talk
Group Select option button or select the Select TG > ID List menu parameter. Then
press the Up/Down buttons until the alias of the desired talkgroup is displayed. If
talkgroup selection has been disabled on the channel by programming, “NO LIST” is
displayed, a tone sounds, and no change occurs. Press the <F2> button to select the
talkgroup and return to normal operation.
3 To enter a new talkgroup number from 1-65,535, press and hold the Talk Group Select
option button or select the Select TG > Enter ID menu parameter. Enter the desired
talkgroup directly using the keypad. If less than five digits are entered, press the <F2>
button to select the talkgroup and return to normal operation.
5.14.7 Talkgroup Scan
This feature (enabled through PC Configure) allows users to scan for a list of talkgroups
on a single P25 Conventional frequency. When a call is received on the frequency, the
radio searches the scan list for a talkgroup that matches the received talkgroup, and opens
audio if a match is found.
The Talkgroup on Active Scan option (if enabled through PC Configure) will return calls
on the received talkgroup if the user talks back during scan hold time.
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
The Talkgroup on Selective Scan option (if enabled through PC Configure) will always
return calls on the talkgroup from the selected channel.
5.14.8 P25 Unit Calls
Unit Calls (also called Individual Calls) can be placed to a specific radio on a Project 25
channel if the Unit Call option button or menu parameter is programmed. Only the
individual ID of the target radio is sent (a talkgroup ID is not sent). The radios that can be
called are pre programmed in the Unit Call list.
To receive a Unit Call, the RF channel of the call must be selected or scanned and the
correct NAC and unit ID must be detected. The ID of the calling radio is then transmitted
back. To respond to the call, the radio must be programmed with the Unit ID option button
or menu parameter, and have a Unit Call programmed for the ID of the calling radio.
Place and receive a Unit Call as follows:
1 To transmit a Unit Call, press the Unit Call option button or select the Unit Call menu
parameter. The alias (tag) of the last Unit Call is displayed.
2 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired alias/ID. The alias and ID
of the calls that have been programmed are alternately displayed.
3 Press and release the PTT switch. The display indicates the Unit Call ID. If no answer,
the system times out after 20 seconds.
4 When a Unit Call is received, two beeps sound (if tones are enabled), and “Call Rcvd”
and the alias of the unit ID are alternately flashed.
5 To respond, select the Unit Call mode by pressing the Unit Call option button or
selecting the menu parameter.
If the call timer times out (set by programming) or the channel is changed before a
response is made, the unit call mode is exited.
5.14.9 P25 Conventional Telephone Calls
Telephone calls can be placed and received on P25 conventional channels. This feature
allows telephone calls to be placed and received over the public telephone system using
your radio. Telephone calls are programmed to operate in one of the following modes:
• Disabled
• Answer-only capability
• List only - Telephone numbers can be selected from a pre programmed list only (direct
entry using the keypad is not allowed)
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
• Unlimited - Telephone numbers can be selected from a list and also dialed directly
using the keypad.
Both limited and DTMF keypad models can place telephone calls by recalling the
telephone number from a pre programmed list as just described. However, only DTMF
keypad models can directly dial telephone numbers using the keypad.
5.14.9.1
Access / De-Access Codes
P25 conventional telephone calls use an access code to access the system when placing a
telephone call, and a de-access code to terminate the call when it is finished. These codes
are pre programmed in pairs by the Access/De-Access Code list selected on the
conventional Per System screen, and up to 16 pair can be programmed. Each
conventional P25 channel can be programmed to automatically select one of these code
pairs. They must match the system codes, and the default code is *1P# (the P represents a
pause).
5.14.9.2
Placing a Telephone Call
To recall from a list:
1 Select the conventional channel that is programmed to select the desired access and deaccess codes.
2 Momentarily press the Phone option button or select the Phone > Num List menu
parameter. The display indicates the last number dialed by alternately displaying “Last
Num” and the telephone number. In addition, the phone mode is indicated by the
icon.
3 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired number. The alias and
telephone number are alternately displayed.
4 Briefly press the PTT switch to send the access code. A dial tone sound should then be
heard. Briefly press the PTT switch again to send the digits. Proceed to Step 5.
To make a direct entry using DTMF keypad:
1 Select the conventional channel that is programmed to select the desired access and deaccess codes.
2 Press and hold the Phone option button until a tone sounds or select the Phone > Enter
Num menu parameter. The alias of the last called telephone number is displayed if it is
in the phone number list. Otherwise, only the last eight digits are displayed. In addition,
the phone mode is indicated by the
icon.
3 Enter the telephone number using the 0-9, *, and # keys. To enter a pause (indicated by
“P”), press * #. The number scrolls to the left in the display so that the eight right-most
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
digits are always displayed. Numbers up to sixteen digits (including pauses) can be
entered.
4 Briefly press the PTT switch to send the access code. A dial tone sound then be heard.
Briefly press the PTT switch again to send the digits.
5 Press the PTT switch to talk and release it to listen. Since the radio operates half duplex,
it is not possible to talk and listen at the same time.
6 When the telephone call is finished or if it could not be completed for some reason, end
it by pressing the Phone option button or <F1> button. This sends the de-access code
which tells the system that the call is finished and that the repeater can be released.
5.14.9.3
Answering a Telephone Call
1 When a telephone call is received, “ringing” similar to a standard telephone is heard
and “Phone” is displayed.
2 To answer the call, press the Phone option button or select that menu parameter and
press the PTT switch to talk and release it to listen.
3 When the call is finished, end it as in the preceding Step 6.
5.14.10 Call Alert
The Call Alert™ feature allows pages to be sent and received on P25 conventional
channels. The Call Alert Encode and Decode options must be enabled to send or receive
an alert. Operation is similar to SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 Trunked channels.
To answer a page:
1 When a page is received, five beeps sound and “Page Rcvd” is displayed. The ID of the
radio paging you is stored as the last ID received.
2 To clear or ignore the page, press any option button. If the PTT switch is pressed, a
group call is placed on the selected channel.
3 To answer the page as a unit call (see Section 5.14.8), press the Unit Call option button
or select that menu parameter and the alias of the radio paging you is displayed. Press
the PTT switch and respond. One of the following conditions then occur:
- If the radio being called is on the air, ringing is heard until the called party answers or
for 20 seconds, whichever occurs first. If no answer occurs within 20 seconds, a
continuous tone sounds and “No Answer” is displayed.
- If the radio being called is not on the air, a continuous tone is heard instead of ringing
and “No Ack” is displayed.
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Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
4 When the call is finished or if it could not be completed for some reason, end it by
pressing the Unit Call option button or the <F1> (Exit) button.
To initiate a page:
1 With a P25 conventional channel selected, momentarily press the Call Alert option
button or select that menu parameter. The alias of the last ID called is displayed.
2 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired radio. The alias of each
number is displayed.
3 Press the PTT switch or the <F2> button and one of the following occur:
- If five beeps sound, the system received the page and the paged radio is on the air and
received it. The page mode is automatically exited.
- If the system received the page but the called radio is not on the air, a single beep
sounds and “No Ack” is displayed after six attempts after the PTT switch is pressed.
5.14.11 Call History
If programmed, the Call History feature stores the IDs of the last five radios that have
made talkgroup calls, unit calls, or call alerts to the user’s radio. To view the Call History
list:
1 Access Call Alert or Unit Call List History from the menu. The first call displayed is
the most recent call received. Call History entries are indicated by an “M” icon.
2 Scroll through the list to view up to 5 calls, in order from most recent to least recent.
5.14.12 Messaging
The messaging feature allows pre programmed messages to be sent to a dispatcher on P25
channels. Up to 16 messages can be pre programmed, and they are identified by an alias. If
a Message option button or menu parameter is programmed, messages are sent as follows:
1 Momentarily press the Message option button or select that menu parameter. The alias
of the last message sent is displayed.
2 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired message. Then send the
message by pressing the <F2> button or momentarily pressing the PTT switch. One of
the following events then occurs:
- If five beeps sound and “Ack Rcvd” is displayed, the message was received and
automatically acknowledged by the system.
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Project 25 Mode Features
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
- If after five tries the message is not acknowledged, a tone sounds and “No Ack” is
displayed.
Note
A smart console with message receiving capabilities must be used to receive messages.
5.14.13 Status Messaging
The status messaging feature allows you to manually or automatically send your current
status to your dispatcher on P25 channels. Up to eight status conditions can be pre
programmed, and they are identified by an alias. If the Status option button or menu
parameter is programmed, status conditions are sent as follows:
1 Momentarily press the Status option button or select that menu parameter. The alias of
the current status condition is displayed.
2 To change the current status, press the Up/Down buttons until the desired status is
displayed. Then to send the status, press the <F2> (Select) button or momentarily press
the PTT switch. One of the following events then occurs:
- If five beeps sound and “Ack Rcvd” is displayed, the status was received and
acknowledged by the system.
- If after five tries the message is not acknowledged, a tone sounds and “No Ack” is
displayed.
Note
A smart console with message receiving capabilities must be used to receive status
messages.
5.14.14 P25 Packet Data
P25 packet data transmission capability is available with model 5100 ES portables. A P25
Packet Data option button (if programmed) or menu parameter can be used to toggle the
data mode on and off. See Section 11 for details.
The P25 Packet Data mode allows a subscriber unit to act as a packet data modem for a
remote application connected to the subscriber unit through an RS-232 or Serial Line
Internet Protocol (SLIP) connection. The SLIP connection requires an Ethernet port. The
standard PC Configure programming cable provides the RS-232 port (female DB9
connector) for connecting the external data equipment to a 5100 ES portable.
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Keypad Programming
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.15 Keypad Programming
Note
The Keypad programming feature is available to Federal Government users only. Users
regulated by the Federal Communications Commission are not allowed to have this
feature.
Keypad programming can be enabled only if it has been enabled at the factory and a
conventional mode option button or menu parameter is programmed for the Keypad
Programming function. The keypad programming mode is indicated by “Chng Zone” and
in the display.
Keypad programming allows conventional channel parameters such as the transmit and
receive frequency, Call Guard squelch code, and encryption key to be changed. In
addition, several conventional mode timers can be changed. It cannot be used to
reprogram disabled channels or any SMARTNET/SmartZone/P25 Trunked information.
5.15.1 Menu Description
A menu system is used to select parameters in the keypad programming mode. A
flowchart showing the keypad programming mode menu structure is located in Figure 5.1.
When the keypad programming mode is selected by the Keypad Programming option
button or menu parameter, the first menu parameter “Chng Zone” is displayed as just
described. Press the Up/Down buttons to scroll through the available parameters which are
as follows.
• CHNG ZONE
• CHNG CHAN
• SYS PARMS
• CHAN PARMS
Press the <F2> (Select) button to select a highlighted parameter, and press the <F1>
button from one of the main menus to exit keypad programming. Pressing it in the other
menus returns to the previous menu. The Up/Down buttons are also used in several menus
to scroll through available selections. Additional information on this parameters is located
in the following sections.
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Keypad Programming
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
Figure 5.1
Keypad Programming Menu Flowchart
Channel
Change
Zone
Change
System
Parameters
Channel
Parameters
Tx Freq
Select
Channel
Select
Zone
Rx Freq
Squelch Adj*
Scan Hold Timer
Chan Spacing*
Tx Timer
Key Select
Penalty Timer
Strapping
Conver. Timer
Talk Grp ID**
Chan Alias
<F1> = Exit/Back
<F2> = Select
Tx Tmr On-Off
Up/Down = Scroll
Tx Power
Tx Code/NAC
* Analog Only
** Digital Only
*** Mixed Mode Ch Only
Rx Code/NAC
Tx Type Sel***
5.15.2 Zone Password
Each zone can be programmed with a password by the PC Configure software to prevent
unauthorized reprogramming of zone by keypad programming. When this password is
programmed, it must be entered before system or channel parameters in that zone can be
changed by keypad programming. The zone password is programmed in PC Configure. A
different password can be programmed for each zone.
Note
Ensure that the zone passwords are not lost because they cannot be overridden in the field.
The PC Configure software must be used to display the lost password or program a new
password.
When an attempt is made to select a system or channel parameter in a password protected
zone, “Password” is flashed. The password is always eight digits long and is entered using
the same procedure as used for the power-up password described in Section 3.2. After the
password is entered, system and channel parameters for that zone can be reprogrammed
normally.
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Keypad Programming
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.15.3 Zone Change Parameter
The “Chng Zone” menu parameter selects the zone containing the conventional channel to
be reprogrammed. It does not change the zone selected for normal operation.
Press the <F2> button to select the “Chng Zone” parameter and then scroll through the
programmed zones by pressing the Up/Down buttons. When the desired zone is displayed,
select it by pressing the <F2> button.
5.15.4 Channel Change Parameter
The “Chng Chan” menu parameter selects the conventional channel to be reprogrammed.
Disabled or SMARTNET/SmartZone/P25 Trunked channels cannot be selected. This does
not change the channel selected for normal operation.
Press the Select switch to select the “Chng Chan” parameter and then scroll through the
programmed channels by pressing the Up/Down buttons. When the desired channel is
displayed, select it by pressing the <F2> button.
5.15.5 System Parameters
Note
If “Password” is briefly displayed when attempting to select a parameter, see
Section 5.15.2.
The “Sys Parms” menu parameter selects the conventional mode timers to be
reprogrammed (see following). Press the <F2> button to select the “Sys Parms” parameter
and then press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired parameter. Then press the
<F2> button again to select it.
Scan Timer - Selects the Scan Hold timer. Press the Up/Down buttons to increment/
decrement the timer in 0.5-second steps from 0-7.5 or set it to 0 seconds to disable it.
When the desired value is displayed, store it by pressing the <F2> button.
Tx Timer - Selects the transmit time-out timer. Press the Up/Down buttons to
increment/decrement the timer in 15-second steps from 0-225 or disable it by selecting
0 seconds. When the desired value is displayed, store it by pressing the <F2> button.
Pen Timer - Selects the penalty timer. Press the Up/Down buttons to increment/
decrement the timer in 15-second steps from 0-225 or disable it by selecting 0 seconds.
When the desired value is displayed, store it by pressing the <F2> button.
Conv Timer - Selects the conversation timer. Press the Up/Down buttons to increment/
decrement the timer in 30-second steps from 0-450 or disable it by selecting 0 seconds.
When the desired value is displayed, store it by pressing the <F2> button.
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Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.15.6 Channel Parameters
Note
If “PASSWORD” is briefly displayed when attempting to select a parameter, see
Section 5.15.2.
The “Chan Parms” menu parameter selects the following conventional channel parameters
that can be reprogrammed. Press <F2> button to select the “Chan Parms” parameter and
then press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired parameter. Then press the <F2>
button to select it. The squelch control parameters are unique to the type of conventional
channel selected (analog or Project 25).
Note
If a mixed mode channel is selected, both the Rx Code (analog) and Rx NAC (P25) can be
programmed. In addition, if the Tx Type is Analog, a Tx Code is programmed, and if it is
Digital (P25), a Tx NAC is programmed.
Tx Freq - Programs the transmit channel frequency. The digit being changed flashes,
and press the Up/Down buttons to select the desired number for that digit or enter it
using the keypad. Then press the <F2> button to move to the next digit if applicable. If
an invalid frequency is entered, a beep sounds, “Invalid” is briefly displayed, and the
number must be re-entered.
Rx Freq - Programs the receive frequency the same as the preceding Tx Freq.
Sq Adj (Analog Only) - Changes the preset squelch setting on that channel. The default
setting is “0” and values of –7 to +7 can be selected. Increasing this setting toward +7
causes the squelch to open sooner so that weaker signals can be received, and
decreasing it toward –7 causes the opposite to occur.
Note
The channel spacing is not set with P25 channels because it is always narrow, and the
squelch cannot be changed because the setting is critical for proper receiver operation.
Chan Spc (Analog Only) - Selects either wide or narrow band channel spacing on
analog channels only. Press the Up/Down buttons to select “Wide” or “Narrow”, and
when the desired setting is displayed, store it by pressing the <F2> button.
Note
The next two parameters are programmed only if the radio is programmed for encryption.
Key Select - Selects the encryption key for the channel if applicable. The key storage
location of 0-63 or 1-64 is displayed. If no keys are programmed, “No Keys” is
displayed. Refer to Section 10.2 for more information.
Strapping - Selects the encryption strapping mode for the channel as Clear, Secure, or
Switched. Refer to Section 10.3 for more information.
TG ID (P25 Only) - Selects the talkgroup for the selected channel. Press <F2> to
display the current talkgroup ID and then press <F2> again to enter a different ID from
1-65,535. This number must be entered directly using the DTMF keypad.
Channel Alias - Programs the alias for the channel (DTMF keypad models only). Up to
ten characters can be entered. Press <F2> once to display the current alias and then
press it again to program a new alias. Alphanumeric characters are programmed using
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Text Messaging
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
the 0-9 keys. Pressing a key once enters the first letter on the key and then pressing it
successive times enters the letters and the number on the key. For example, press the
“2” key twice to enter “B”. Press the <F2> key to move to the next position or press it
twice to enter a space.
Tx Timer - Enables or disables the time-out timer on the current channel. Press the
Up/Down buttons to select the on and off mode, and when the desired setting is
displayed, store it by pressing the <F2> button.
Tx Power - Selects the desired power output level. Press the Up/Down buttons to scroll
through the following choices. When the desired setting is displayed, store it by
pressing the <F2> button.
- Power High - Select High transmit power
- Power Low - Select Low transmit power
- Power SW - Switchable power selectable by the High/Low power button. This choice
is not available if that button is not programmed.
5.15.6.1
CTCSS / DCS Squelch Control (Analog Channel)
Tx Code - Programs the transmit Call Guard (CTCSS/DCS) code. The currently
selected code and is initially displayed. Press the Up/Down buttons to select the desired
code type (CTCSS analog or DCS digital). Then press <F2> to select it and enter the
code number similar to programming a channel frequency as just described.
Rx Code - Selects the receive codes the same as Tx Code above.
5.15.6.2
NAC Squelch Control (Project 25 Channel)
TX NAC - Programs the transmit Network Access Code (NAC) which can be any
number from 0-4095. With later models, this number is displayed in hexadecimal from
000-FFF. The procedure is similar to programming a TX FREQ just described. If an
invalid code is entered, a beep sounds, “Invalid” is briefly displayed, and the code must
be re-entered.
RX NAC - Selects the receive NAC the same as RX NAC above.
Transmit Type (P25 Mixed Mode Only) - If the selected channel is a mixed mode,
analog and P25 channel, this selects the transmit type. Either Analog or Digital (P25)
can be selected. This then determines if a Tx Code or Tx NAC is programmed above.
5.16 Text Messaging
If enabled, portable radios have full two-way text messaging capability (digital
conventional mode only).
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Text Messaging
Note
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
Text messaging requires a full (DTMF) keypad. All text messages, either sent or received,
are limited to 200 characters.
5.16.1 Data Setup for Text Messaging
A portable subscriber can send a text message to another subscriber on a digital
conventional channel regardless of whether the channel uses a repeater.
The radio’s text message menu contains the item “Set R to R”. The default for this setting
is enabled, in which the following capabilities are operable:
• A text message can be sent between radios on a simplex digital channel
• A text message can be sent between radios on a digital channel with a repeater (if
repeater talk-around is enabled)
• The repeater in use is programmed for Repeated Data mode (not supported by EFJ 2600
repeaters)
If “Set R to R” is disabled:
• A text message can be sent between radios on a digital channel with a repeater if
PCTextMessage is connected to that repeater (all radios must be dynamically registered
to the repeater)
• A text message can be sent between a radio and PCTextMessage on a digital
conventional channel (if PCTextMessage is connected to that repeater)
5.16.2 Sending a Text Message
A text message can be sent to another radio or to a user of PCTextMessage, depending
upon the setup described in paragraph 5.16.1.
To send a text message:
1 Press the assigned text messaging button, or select text messaging from the menu. The
Messaging Entry list appears.
2 Select the desired message destination from the list:
- “Dispatcher” - the message will be sent to a user of PCTextMessage
- Unit ID - the message will be sent to the radio with the unit ID selected from the list
- “Dir Entry” - the message will be sent to the unit ID entered manually by the user
3 When the destination is selected, press the F2 button (or the PTT button). The Text
Entry screen appears.
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Text Messaging
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
4 Enter the text of the message:
- The “2” through “0” buttons scroll through the letters shown on their respective
nameplates
- The “1” button scrolls through symbols that can be inserted in the text string
- The “#” button inserts a space
- The “*” button is backspace
5 When the text message is fully entered, press PTT to send it.
If the message is to be routed via PCTextMessage, a message will be received that
acknowledges that the message has been forwarded.
If “R to R” is enabled (paragraph 5.16.1), an acknowledgement message is not received.
Instead, the display will show “Msg Sent”.
5.16.3 Receiving a Text Message
When a text message is received, a short alternating tone is sounded and the display
flashes “Text Msg”.
To view the message, press the assigned text message function button. The sender’s Unit
ID (or alias, if programmed) will be displayed for approximately one second. Following
this, the text of the message is shown.
If the message is 10 characters or less in length, the text will remain stationary on the
display.
If the message is longer than 10 characters, the text will scroll across the display.
• To pause scrolling, press the F2 button.
• If desired, adjust the message position using the up/down rocker
• To resume scrolling, press the F2 button again
Note
The message displayed is the message most recently received. To view messages received
earlier, refer to paragraph 5.16.4.
5.16.3.1
Replying to a Received Text Message
To send a reply to a received text message:
1 While viewing the received message, press the F4 button. The unit enters the text
message sending mode of paragraph 5.16.2.
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Sending Global Positioning System (GPS) Data
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
2 Send the text of the reply according to the instructions of paragraph 5.16.2.
5.16.4 Viewing Previously Received Messages
To view previously received messages:
1 Press and hold the text message button, or select the text message menu item, and select
“View Msg”. The display will show “Message 1”, which is the most recent message
received.
2 Use the up/down rocker to move through the list to the desired message.
3 To view the message text, press F2.
If you wish to reply to the message, refer to paragraph 5.16.3.1.
Note
Text messages are retained only while the radio is powered up. If power is removed, all
text message data is lost.
5.17 Sending Global Positioning System (GPS) Data
If the radio is setup for operation with a GPS receiver (see paragraph 4.13), GPS data can
be sent to a properly configured repeater (digital conventional only).
Examples of GPS data sent are:
• Latitude (e.g., 40o55.32’N)
• Longitude (e.g., 90o23.41’W)
• Time (e.g., 14:23:15)
• Altitude in meters (e.g., 390.2)
• Course Over Ground (e.g., COG 183.4o)
• Speed (e.g., 55 MPH)
• Date (e.g., 26NOV2008)
• Number of GPS satellites currently received
GPS data can be sent manually, automatically, or on system request, depending upon the
options enabled.
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Sending Global Positioning System (GPS) Data
Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5.17.1 Manually Sending GPS Data
If so configured, the radio will send GPS data (to a properly configured repeater) when the
assigned GPS button is pressed and held.
5.17.2 Automatically Sending GPS Data
If the radio’s GPS “Auto Transmit” option is enabled, the radio will automatically send
GPS data at predetermined intervals.
5.17.3 Sending GPS Data in Response to System Request
If so configured, the radio accepts P25 data requests for GPS data, and responds (over the
air) with the current GPS data.
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Sending Global Positioning System (GPS) Data
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Section 5 - Conventional Mode Features
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25
Trunked Features
Section6
An overview of the SMARTNET®/SmartZone® and P25 Trunked operating modes is
located in Section 3.9. The following information describes the features unique to these
modes of operation. Refer to the “Radio Wide Features” section starting on Page 3-1 for
information on features common to all operating modes.
6.1
Analog and Digital Operation
Either analog or digital operation can be selected for communication on SmartZone traffic
channels. Operation for each talkgroup is based on system programming. Digital operation
is an optional feature. SmartNet/SmartZone can be either analog or digital operation, P25
Trunked operation is digital.
6.2
Standard Group Calls
Standard group calls may be placed to another radio, group of radios, or a dispatcher,
depending on programming. Most calls are probably this type. Proceed as follows to place
and receive group calls.
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6-1
Standard Group Calls
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
6.2.1
Placing a Standard Group Call
1 Turn power on and set the volume as described in Section 3.1. Select the channel
programmed for the talkgroup you want to call (see Section 3.3).
2 If the talkgroup is programmed for encryption and is not strapped to Clear or Coded,
select the desired mode by pressing the Clear/Secure option button or selecting that
menu parameter. The status cannot be changed if the talkgroup is strapped to Clear or
Coded. Refer to Section 10.3 for more information.
3 Press the PTT switch and begin talking. An optional talk permit tone may sound to
indicate when talking can begin. Events that may occur are as follows:
- If in the secure mode and your radio is not programmed with the proper encryption
key, “Key Fail” is displayed and the call must be made in the clear mode or the proper
key must be programmed.
The user hears the key fail tone, and will not be allowed to transmit until secure
mode is disabled or the proper key is loaded to the radio.
- If the busy tone sounds and “Busy” is displayed, the system is busy. Release the PTT
switch and wait for the call back tone to sound. Then press the PTT switch within
three seconds.
- If a continuous tone sounds and “Out of Rng” is displayed, you may be out-of-range.
Drive closer or away from shielding objects and try again.
- If your unit ID is invalid, the radio will not affiliate and is denied system access if the
Unit ID is not displayed on system.
- If an attempt is made to change an analog call from the clear to secure mode and there
is no available secure channel, “No Secure” is flashed, an error tone sounds, and the
call is terminated.
- If an attempt is made to change an analog channel from the secure to clear mode,
“Sec Only” is displayed, an error tone sounds, and the call is terminated. (Calls on
digital channels can be changed if not strapped to clear or secure.)
- If the secure mode is selected by the Secure/Clear option button or menu parameter
and an attempt is made to transmit on a channel strapped as clear, “Clear Only” is
displayed and the transmission is denied. Likewise, if the clear mode is selected and
the channel is strapped as secure, “Sec Only” is displayed and the transmission is
denied.
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Private (Unit-To-Unit) Calls
6.2.2
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
Receiving a Standard Group Call
Calls are received on only the talkgroup and/or announcement group programmed for the
selected channel (with scanning disabled). When the selected channel is programmed with
both Talk and Announcement groups, only the Talk and Announcement group IDs are
detected. Other IDs in the Announcement group are detected only if no talkgroup is
programmed.
When a group call is received, the alias of the selected channel is displayed. The radio can
be programmed so that the following are also displayed for 0.5-7.0 seconds or
continuously during the call.
PTT ID- The unit ID of the radio placing the call is displayed.
TG on Rx - The alias of the talkgroup on which the call is being received is displayed
(typically for use by technicians).
User Group ID - If the group ID of the call being received is included in a pre
programmed User Group ID list, the alias programmed in that list for that group is
displayed.
Received Key ID- The Key ID (or the alias, if programmed) of the key used to decode
the call is displayed.
6.3
Private (Unit-To-Unit) Calls
Private calls allow calls to be placed to a specific radio unit. Either the Enhanced Private
Conversation™ or standard Private Conversation modes may be programmed depending
on the capabilities of the radio system. One difference between these call types is that the
Enhanced type provides an indication that the called radio is not on the air and the
standard version does not. Operation in each of these modes is described in the following
information.
Note
With P25 Trunked operation, these calls are called Unit Calls, and they function the same
as Enhanced Private Conversation calls described in the following information.
The Private Call option button is required to place these calls, and either that key or the
Call Response option button is required to receive them. Private calls are programmed to
operate in one of the following modes:
• Disabled
• Answer-only capability
• List only - Unit IDs can be selected from a preprogrammed list only (direct entry using
the keypad is not allowed)
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Private (Unit-To-Unit) Calls
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
• Unlimited - Unit IDs can be selected from a list and also dialed directly using the
keypad.
Both limited and DTMF keypad models can be programmed to recall the unit IDs from a
preprogrammed list. However, only DTMF keypad models can be programmed to directly
dial unit IDs.
6.3.1
Placing an Enhanced Private Conversation Call
To recall from a list:
1 Momentarily press the Private Call option button or select that menu parameter and the
alias of the last called radio is displayed. The private call mode is indicated by
in
the display.
2 If required, select another radio by pressing the Up/Down buttons until the alias of the
desired radio is displayed.
3 Press the PTT switch or the <F2> button to initiate the call.
(Proceed to the bulleted list which follows Item 3 in the next section for events that may
occur next.)
To make a direct entry using the DTMF keypad:
1 Press and hold the Private Call option button until a tone sounds. The last ID called is
displayed, and the private call mode is indicated by
in the display.
2 Using the 0-9 keys, dial the ID of the radio you are calling (five digits for Private calls
and eight digits for Unit calls). To erase the last digit, press the Down button, and to
cancel the call, press the Private Call Option button again.
3 Press the PTT switch to initiate the call. If the entered number is valid, the display
indicates the alias of the ID if it matches an ID in the call list. Otherwise, the ID you
entered continues to be displayed.
Events that may then occur are as follows:
- If the radio being called is on the air, “Wait” is displayed and ringing is heard until
the called party answers or until the system terminates the call, whichever occurs
first. Pressing the PTT switch or an option button stops the ringing but not the call.
When the call is answered, the voice of the called party is heard.
- If the called radio does not answer, a continuous tone sounds and “No Answer” is
displayed.
- If the called radio is not on the air, a continuous tone sounds instead of the ringing
tone and “No Ack” is displayed.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Private (Unit-To-Unit) Calls
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
- If the busy tone sounds and “Busy” is displayed, the called radio has answered the
call but the system is busy. When the system is no longer busy, the call back tone
sounds.
- If your radio or the called radio is inhibited or not programmed to make this type of
call or for the requested secure mode, “Rspns Only” is displayed and an alert tone
sounds.
- If your radio does not have the proper encryption key, “Key Fail” is displayed and the
call must be made in the clear mode by pressing the Clear/Secure option button (if
strapped to switchable). Otherwise, load the correct key.
4 When the call is finished or is not answered, end it by pressing the Private Call option
button or the <F1> (Exit) button.
6.3.2
Placing a Standard Private Conversation Call
To recall from a list:
1 Momentarily press the Private Call option button or select that menu parameter. The
alias of the last called radio is displayed, and the private call mode is indicated by
in the display.
2 If required, select another radio by pressing the Up/Down buttons until the alias of the
desired radio is displayed.
3 Press the PTT sw or the <F2> button to initiate the call.
(Proceed to the bulleted list which follows Item 3 in the next section for events that may
occur next.)
To make a direct entry using DTMF keypad:
1 Press and hold the Private Call option button until a tone sounds (approximately one
second). The last ID called is displayed, and the private call mode is indicated by
in the display.
2 Using the 0-9 keys, dial the ID of the radio you are calling (five digits for Private calls
and eight digits for Unit calls). To erase the last digit, press the Down button, and to
cancel the call, press the Private Call Option button again.
3 Press the PTT switch to initiate the call. If the entered number is valid, the display
indicates the alias of the ID if it matches an ID in the call list. Otherwise, the ID you
entered continues to be displayed.
Events that may then occur are as follows:
- The called party answers the call.
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Private (Unit-To-Unit) Calls
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
- The called party does not answer. Press the Private Call option button or <F1> (Exit)
to end the call.
- If the selected radio ID is not valid, “Invalid ID” is displayed and an alert tone
sounds.
- If the radio system is busy, four low tones sound and “Busy” is displayed. When the
system is no longer busy, the call back tone (four beeps) is heard and the channel is
automatically acquired. Press the PTT switch to continue the call.
- If the call is in the secure mode and the radio does not have the proper encryption key,
“Key Fail” is displayed and the call must be made in the clear mode by pressing the
Clear/Secure option button or selecting that menu parameter (if strapped to
switchable). Otherwise, load the correct key.
4 When the call is finished or if it is not answered, end it by pressing the Private Call
option button or the <F1> (Exit) button.
6.3.3
Receiving a Private Call (All Types)
When a private call is received, “Call Rcvd” is displayed and the call tone sounds once.
1 To answer the call, press the Private Call option button or select that menu parameter
and then press the PTT switch and begin speaking. The unit ID of the calling radio is
displayed. More information follows:
- If the PTT switch is pressed before the Private Call option button, the call is
transmitted as a group call.
- If private calls are not permitted (the Private Call option button/menu parameter is not
programmed), press the Call Response option button or select that menu parameter to
answer the call.
- Ring times for both Tx and Rx radios are programmable in P25 Trunking (Individual
Call Maximum Target Ring field), which sets the maximum ring time of the target
mobile when receiving phone and unit-to-unit calls. When this time expires, the call
is automatically discontinued. Times of 61-120 seconds can be programmed with 61
seconds the default.
- The Private Call Maximum Int Ring parameter sets the maximum time the initiating
radio rings when placing a unit call (phone calls not included). Ringing stops if the
target radio answers before this timer expires. Times of 1-255 seconds or infinite can
be programmed, with 30 seconds the default. If infinite is programmed, ringing
occurs until the target radio answers.)
- If the system is busy when a response is made, the busy tone sounds.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Telephone Calls
6.4
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
Telephone Calls
The telephone call feature allows telephone calls to be placed and received over the public
telephone system using your radio. Telephone calls are programmed to operate in one of
the following modes:
• Disabled
• Answer-only capability
• List only - Telephone numbers can be selected from a pre programmed list only (direct
entry using the keypad is not allowed).
• Unlimited - Telephone numbers can be selected from a list and also dialed directly
using the keypad.
Both limited and DTMF keypad models can place telephone calls by recalling the
telephone number from a pre programmed list as just described. However, only DTMF
keypad models can directly dial telephone numbers using the keypad. The keypad remains
active during a call for overdialing DTMF digits.
6.4.1
Placing a Telephone Call
To recall from a list:
1 Momentarily press the Phone option key or select that menu parameter. The alias of the
last called telephone number is displayed. The interconnect call mode is indicated by
in the display.
2 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired number. The alias of each
number is displayed.
3 Press and release the PTT switch and “Dialing” is displayed. Refer to the bulleted list
following Step 3 below for events that may then occur.
To make direct entry using DTMF keypad:
1 Select the menu parameter or press and hold the Phone option button until a tone
sounds. The alias of the last called telephone number is displayed if it is in the phone
number list. Otherwise, the last eight digits of the last called telephone number are
displayed. The interconnect call mode is indicated by
in the display.
2 Enter the telephone number using the 0-9, *, and # keys. To enter a pause (indicated by
“P”), press * and then #. To erase the last digit, press the <F1> button. The number
scrolls to the left in the display so that the eight right-most digits are always displayed.
Numbers up to 32 digits (including pauses) can be entered. Press the Phone option
button to cancel the call.
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6-7
Telephone Calls
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
3 Press and release the PTT switch and “Dialing” is displayed. Events that may occur are
as follows:
- If the access is successful, a dial tone sounds and the dialed number is displayed and
sent. Either ringing or a busy signal is then heard as with a standard telephone call.
When the called party answers, press the PTT switch to talk and release it to listen
(since the radio is half-duplex, it is not possible to talk and listen at the same time).
Each time the PTT switch is released, a go-ahead tone is sent to the landside party to
indicate when they can respond. To dial a number after the connection is made, press
the PTT switch and dial the number using the microphone keypad.
- If the selected telephone number is not valid, “Invalid” is displayed and an alert tone
sounds. Select a valid number.
- If the system is busy, “Busy” is displayed and the busy tone sounds. The call will
automatically proceed when the system becomes available.
- If you are out-of-range or the radio cannot be accessed for some reason, “No Phone”
is displayed and an alert tone sounds.
- If the interconnect call you are making or the selected secure mode is not authorized,
“Reject” is displayed and an alert tone sounds.
- If your radio does not have the proper encryption key, “Key Fail” is displayed and the
call must be made in the clear mode using the Clear/Secure option button or menu
parameter (if encryption is selectable on the channel). Otherwise, load the proper
encryption key.
4 When the telephone call is finished or if it could not be completed for some reason, end
it by pressing the Phone option button or <F1> (Exit) button.
6.4.2
Answering a Telephone Call
1 When a telephone call is received, “ringing” similar to a standard telephone is heard
and “Phone” is displayed.
2 To answer the call, press the Phone option button or select that menu parameter and
press the PTT switch to talk and release it to listen. Since the radio operates half duplex,
it is not possible to talk and listen at the same time.
3 When the call is finished, end it by pressing the Phone option button or <F1> (Exit)
button.
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Call Alert
6.5
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
Call Alert
The Call Alert™ feature allows pages to be sent and received. With SMARTNET/
SmartZone operation, either the Enhanced Private Conversation™ or Standard Private
Conversation mode may be programmed depending on the capabilities of the radio
system. With P25 Trunked operation, operation is similar to the enhanced mode.
6.5.1
Answering a Page
1 When a page is received, five beeps sound and “Page Rcvd” is displayed. The ID of the
radio paging you is stored as the last ID received.
2 To clear or ignore the page, press any option button.
3 To answer the page as a private or unit call (see Section 6.3), press the Private Call
option button or select that menu parameter. If the ID of the radio paging you is in the
call list, the display will toggle between the Calling ID and the alias. If not, only the
Calling ID is displayed. Press the PTT switch and respond. One of the conditions that
follow may also occur:
Enhanced Private Conversation Mode
• If the radio being called is on the air, ringing is heard until the called party answers or
until the system terminates the call; whichever occurs first. If no answer occurs, a
continuous tone sounds and “No Answer” is displayed.
• If the radio being called is not on the air, a continuous tone is heard instead of ringing
and “No Ack” is displayed.
Standard Private Conversation Mode
• If the radio being called is not on the air or does not answer, you will simply not hear a
response.
• When the call is finished or it could not be completed for some reason, end it by
pressing the Private Call option button or the <F1> (Exit) button.
6.5.2
Initiating a Page
1 With a SMARTNET/SmartZone or P25 Trunked channel selected, momentarily press
the Call Alert option button or select that menu parameter. The alias of the last ID
called is displayed.
2 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired radio. The alias of each
number is displayed.
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6-9
Messaging
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
3 Press the PTT switch or the <F2> button and one of the following occur:
- If five beeps sound, the system received the page and the paged radio is on the air and
received it. The page mode is automatically exited.
- If the system received the page but the called radio is not on the air, a single beep
sounds and “No Ack” is displayed 6 seconds after the PTT switch is pressed. Auto
exit then occurs.
6.6
Messaging
Note
This feature is not available with P25 trunked operation.
The messaging feature allows preprogrammed messages to be sent to a dispatcher. Up to
16 messages can be preprogrammed, and they are identified by an alias. If a Message
option button or menu parameter is programmed, messages are sent as follows:
1 Momentarily press the Message option button or select that menu parameter. The alias
of the last message sent is displayed.
2 If required, press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired message. Then send the
message by pressing the <F2> button or momentarily pressing the PTT switch. One of
the following events then occurs:
- If five beeps sound and “Ack Recvd” is displayed, the message was received and
automatically acknowledged by the system.
- If after five tries the message is not acknowledged, a tone sounds and “No Ack” is
displayed.
Note
6.7
Only the message number assigned to the alias is sent – not the actual text of the alias. For
example, if MSG 1 is assigned to alias “In Service”, “MSG 1” is sent – not “In Service”.
Sending Status Conditions
The status feature allows you to send your current status to your dispatcher. Up to eight
status conditions can be preprogrammed, and they are identified by an alias. If the Status
option button or menu parameter is programmed, status conditions are sent as follows:
1 Momentarily press the Status option button or select that menu parameter. The alias of
the current status condition is displayed.
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Emergency Alarm and Call
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
2 To change the current status, press the Up/Down buttons until the desired status is
displayed. Then to send the status, press the <F2> (Select) button or momentarily press
the PTT switch. One of the following events then occurs:
- If five beeps sound and “Ack Rcvd” is displayed, the status was received and
acknowledged by the system.
- If after five tries the message is not acknowledged, a tone sounds and “No Ack” is
displayed.
Note
6.8
Only the status number assigned to the alias is sent – not the actual text of the status
condition alias itself.
Emergency Alarm and Call
Emergency Alarms and Calls are separate functions that can be individually enabled or
disabled on each SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 Trunked system. The Emergency
option button (or menu parameter) is required for these functions. Other emergency
features are as follows:
• Emergency Alarms are transmitted on the selected talkgroup if emergency calls are
disabled, and on the emergency talkgroup if emergency calls are enabled.
• Emergency Call talkgroup selection priority is as follows. For example, if a global
emergency channel is not programmed, the emergency talkgroup of the selected
channel is used and so on.
a Global (radio wide) emergency channel
b Emergency group of the selected channel
c Talkgroup of the selected channel
d Announcement group of the selected channel
6.8.1
Emergency Alarms
An emergency alarm is a special transmission that alerts a dispatcher of an emergency
situation. It is sent automatically by simply pressing the Emergency option button or
selecting the Emergency menu parameter. The system to which the emergency channel is
linked must have Emergency Alarms enabled. If not, Emergency Alarms are disabled. The
alarm is sent on the control channel.
Proceed as follows to send an emergency alarm:
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Emergency Alarm and Call
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
1 If required, press the Emergency option button or select that menu parameter. The radio
then automatically transmits the emergency alarm.
2 Either Normal or Silent operation can be programmed. With the Normal mode, the red
LED lights, the emergency tone sounds, and “EMERGENCY” flashes in the display.
This indication continues to flash until the alarm mode is ended (see Step 4). If silent
programmed or the Surveillance mode is selected (see Section 4.10), none of these
indications occur. If “No Receive Activity During Emergency” is programmed, receive
audio, the front panel LED, and receive icons are disabled in the receive mode.
3 When the emergency alarm is acknowledged, “Ack Rcvd” is briefly displayed and the
emergency acknowledge tone (five beeps) sounds. Silent operation may also be
programmed in which case no tone sounds and there is no indication that an
acknowledgment occurred.
4 The radio continues to transmit this message until an acknowledgment is received or
the programmed number of attempts have been made. The emergency alarm mode is
exited when radio power is cycled or by pressing and holding the Emergency option
button.
6.8.2
Emergency Call Alert
This feature notifies a user when an emergency call is being made on their selected P25
Trunking Talkgroup.
If an emergency call is received by the radio on the selected channel, the emergency alarm
ACK tone will sound (5 consecutive tones), and the “Emerg Rcvd” message will display,
followed by the unit ID of the emergency radio. If any other emergency calls are made
after this initial one using a different radio, the tone will not sound, but the unit ID will be
updated to reflect the most recent emergency call. To exit this state, press the button
programmed for “Emergency Clear”. The radio should return to its normal display, and the
“Emerg Rcvd” message should no longer show.
6.8.3
Emergency Calls
An emergency call urgently requests access to a voice channel (an emergency tone usually
does not sound at the console unless the call is combined with an Emergency Alarm). An
emergency call is placed by pressing the PTT switch after pressing the Emergency option
button or selecting the Emergency menu parameter. If the Emergency Hot Mic feature is
enabled, the emergency call is automatically transmitted without having to press the PTT
switch (see following description).
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Emergency Alarm and Call
6.8.3.1
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
Emergency Hot Mic
If Emergency Hot Mic has been enabled for emergency calls, automatic transmitting
occurs with microphone audio unmuted without having to manually press the PTT switch.
The automatic transmit period is programmed for 10-120 seconds in ten-second intervals.
If the “Increment by 1” option is enabled, the automatic transmit period is programmed for
1-12 seconds in one-second intervals. If this feature or emergency calls are not enabled by
programming, automatic transmitting does not occur. This feature is initiated only on the
first press of the Emergency button. Subsequent presses do not trigger automatic
transmissions. To reset this function, cycle power or press and hold the Emergency button.
6.8.3.2
Placing an Emergency Call
1 If required, select a channel of a system on which Emergency Calls are enabled and
press the Emergency option button or select that menu parameter. The Emergency
Alarm is then sent as described in Section 5.9.1 if applicable.
2 Emergency Alarm entry is displayed upon the pressing of the Emergency button.
Console Ack is displayed when an ack is received back from the console for an
Emergency Alarm, indicating that the dispatcher acknowledges the emergency.
Emergency Exit is displayed when the user presses and holds the emergency button.
Below are the tones for Emergency.
Console
Acknowledgement
Emergency Alarm
Ack
Emergency Alarm
Acknowledged
Successful
Two 1000 Hz 175 ms tones with
50 ms spacing followed by Three
1000 Hz 175 ms tones with 150
ms spacing
Emergency Alarm
Entry
Emergency Button
Press
Emergency button has
been Pressed
1000 Hz continuous tone for 175
ms.
Emergency Exit
Emergency Canceled Emergency is
Canceled
1000 Hz continuous tone for 1
sec.
3 If the preceding Emergency Hot Mic feature is enabled, the call is automatically
transmitted without pressing the PTT switch. If it is disabled, press the PTT switch and
begin speaking as with a standard call.
4 All group calls which follow are then emergency calls (private, telephone, and call alert
calls are not allowed). If the channel is changed, the call is made on the emergency
talkgroup programmed for the new channel. If the Surveillance Mode is enabled (see
Section 4.10), the radio will behave in accordance to the individual surveillance mode
options. If “No Receive Activity During Emergency” is programmed, receive audio
and the front panel LED are disabled in the receive mode.
5 To exit this mode, cycle radio power or press and hold the Emergency button.
Note
Communications between the radio with the emergency and the dispatcher are closed.
That is, other stations in the talkgroup can see “Emergency” toggle on their displays, and
can listen to talk between the dispatcher and the radio with the emergency, but cannot talk
to that radio.
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Failsoft Operation
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
6.8.4
External Emergency Feature
A special man-down switch (currently available only from third-party vendors) is attached
to the accessory connector of the radio. If this feature is enabled by programming and the
radio is in a horizontal position for longer than the programmed time (0-63 seconds), an
emergency condition is triggered the same as if the Emergency button was pressed. The
emergency can be canceled by pressing and holding the Emergency button. Note that
accessories such as speaker-microphones cannot be used with this feature.
6.9
Failsoft Operation
If a failure occurs in the SMARTNET/SmartZone or P25 Trunked system so that it cannot
be used, the system directs the radio to automatically enter the failsoft mode. When in this
mode, “Failsoft” is displayed. A failsoft tone may also be heard, depending on how the
repeater is programmed.
When in the failsoft mode, operation is in the conventional mode on the preprogramming
failsoft channel (a different failsoft channel can be programmed on each talkgroup). If a
transmission is attempted before a failsoft channel is located, a continuous tones sounds
until the PTT switch is released. When the radio system returns to normal operation, this is
automatically detected and normal operation resumes.
6.9.1
Failsoft Connect Tone
When using this radio with SMARTNET or SmartZone trunking system(s), a different
connect tone during failsoft operation can be programmed. The failsoft connect tone
setting will normally be selected to “Default.” This means that the connect tone used
during failsoft will be the connect tone setting the system sends over the air, or the
programmed connect tone if no over the air value is received. If it is known what the
connect tone will be during failsoft operation, this can be programmed via PCConfigure. If
a value other than “Default” is programmed, the radio will always use this connect tone
setting during failsoft operation.
6.10 SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Scanning Features
Scanning on a SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 Trunked systems is called Priority
Monitor Scan. The following are unique features of this type of scanning. For general
scanning information applicable to all operating modes, refer to Sections 4.11 and 4.12.
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SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Scanning Features
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
• Scanning is turned on and off by the Scan option button or menu parameter. Talkgroups
(channels) can be programmed so that scanning automatically starts when the talkgroup
is selected (Autoscan).
• When responding to calls in the scan mode, the programming of the Talkback Scan
parameter determines if a response always occurs on the talkgroup of the call (Active
Group) or the Selected Group if they are different. Transmissions at other times always
occur on the selected talkgroup.
• Each talkgroup can be programmed to select one of the programmed scan lists or “No
List” (scanning is disabled). If scanning is enabled and the selected channel does not
permit scanning, it is automatically enabled again when a channel is selected that
permits scanning.
• Up to 255 scan lists, each with up to 255 talkgroups from the same system can be
programmed. The selected scan list can be temporarily changed and edited as described
in Section 4.12.1.
• In addition to calls on channels in the scan list, pages, private/unit calls, and telephone
calls are received while scanning. Private and telephone calls are not interrupted by
priority messages.
Every radio on the system has to register with the Zone or Site Controller so that the
system knows where everyone is and if traffic from one site needs to be sent to another
site. This is determined by the list of talkgroups associated with the radio.
When a call needs to be passed to a radio at another site, the traffic from one site to
another is sent out over the control channel to the radios. When a radio is scanning, it is
monitoring the call information being sent out over the control channel. The radio
compares the call information (talkgroup and voice channel handling the talkgroup) to the
scan list to see if any of the talkgroups it is scanning are receiving a call. If it finds a
match, the radio moves to the voice channel for this call. If no one is registered on a
talkgroup on the site being scanned, the call information for the call is not sent out by the
Control Channel (because the Zone or Site Controller did not see a requirement to pass the
information for this call) and the call will not be received.
For example: Radio 1 is on a call on talkgroup 1 on Site 1, Radio 2 is on talkgroup 2 on
Site 2 and scanning. The call on talkgroup 1 from radio 1 is not heard by radio 2. Then, if
radio 3 registers on talkgroup 1 on site 2, the call from radio 1 on site 1 will go to site 2.
Radio 2, radio 3, and any other radios on site 2 and scanning, will hear the call.
6.10.1 Priority Talkgroup Sampling
The 5100 ES radio supports Dual Priority talkgroups in all trunking and conventional
formats.
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6-15
Dynamic Regrouping
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
One talkgroup in the scan list can be designated a priority talkgroup by programming or it
can be the selected talkgroup. When scanning, messages on a non-priority talkgroup are
interrupted by messages on the priority talkgroup. Priority scanning must also be
supported at the system level for it to occur as programmed in the radio. P25 trunking
supports dual priority scan, therefore two priority talkgroups can be selected.
The Control Channel handles all traffic for the radios and communicates which talkgroups
are using which channels. If the radio “receives” the ID for one of its talkgroups, it can go
to that channel and hear the talkgroup. When the radio is on the voice channel, it cannot
receive information about which talkgroups are on which channel. The radio will not know
about any new talkgroup activity until it finishes the voice channel and returns to the
Control Channel.
If a talkgroup is set as a Priority Monitor talkgroup on the system, the system sends the
talkgroup’s call information over a voice channel so it can be detected and move to this
priority call. So even if the radio cannot hear the Control Channel, it will receive the call
information and switch to the channel with the priority call.
Note
The Priority Monitor must not be confused with Transmit Priority, which is used when a
call is placed in Queue when all the Voice Channels are busy.
6.11 Dynamic Regrouping
The dynamic regrouping feature allows a dispatcher to change the current talkgroup or
button radios to a predefined regrouping channel to receive a new talkgroup. When the
console issues a regroup order, the radio switches to the pre programmed regroup
talkgroup.
Note
For certain SMARTNET/ SmartZone dynamic regrouping operations (such as prerecorded messages) to function properly, the regroup talkgroup must be defined in the
system talkgroup table. Otherwise the radio cannot determine whether the regroup
talkgroup is analog or digital.
If the Cancel Dynamic Regrouping option button or menu parameter is programmed, it
can be used to exit the dynamic regrouping mode if desired.
Otherwise, if the lock mode was not specified, the selected talkgroup can be manually
changed and the previous talkgroup is reselected. If a locked regroup command is
received, the displayed talkgroup cannot be changed manually or by cycling power. It can
be changed only after a clear order is received from the console.
Dynamic regrouping operates as follows:
1 When this command is received, a 765 Hz tone sounds every 25 ms for 300 ms and the
radio automatically changes to the regrouping channel. “Dyn Regrp” is displayed.
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SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
2 Talk and listen as usual. When dynamic regrouping is canceled by the dispatcher, a
short tone sounds. If a standard channel is not selected after this occurs, transmission is
not allowed if the talkgroup is assigned as a dynamic regrouping talkgroup only. If it is
assigned as a normal talkgroup, normal transmissions are allowed.
6.12 SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
P25 Trunked and SmartZone modes can provide access to single or multi-site systems.
The P25 Trunked mode can provide access to a single trunked site or roaming between
several trunked sites.
6.12.1 Signal Strength Indication Icon
A signal strength indicator icon, similar to the representation used in cell phones, indicates
the strength of the received signal. The number of bars shown by the icon, based on the
defined RSSI thresholds, are as follows:
Note
Signal Strength
Indication
Excellent
Four bars
Great
Three bars
Very Good
Three bars
Good
Two bars
Fair
Two bars
Acceptable
One bar
Poor
No bars
If the radio enters low battery mode, the Signal Strength icon will be replaced by the Low
Battery icon.
6.12.2 Busy Override
The busy override feature is enabled at the system level by the system manager and is not
a programmable radio feature. It allows a call to be placed even if not all sites you are
calling have a free traffic channel. The only sites guaranteed to be included are the Critical
Sites and the sites where a Critical User is located. This feature operates as follows:
1 Assume that you have attempted to place a call and the system was busy (“Busy”
displayed and busy tone sounded).
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SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
2 Release the PTT switch and then press it for five seconds or more. If a chirp tone
sounds with the PTT switch pressed, busy override is occurring.
Note
Remember that not all members of the talkgroup are receiving your message. Missing
members will start receiving your message as channels become available.
6.12.3 Site Trunking
Site trunking occurs when a site can no longer participate in wide area trunking. It is
disconnected from other sites and only supports calls with other radios on that site and
cannot route audio to other sites. When site trunking is occurring, the radio searches for
other sites that may provide wide area coverage.
Site trunking ends when a wide area coverage site is located, the current site is operating
again as a wide area coverage site, an out-of-range condition occurs, or the failsoft mode is
entered. The radio can be programmed so that “Site Trnkg” is displayed and/or an alert
tone sounds when site trunking occurs.
SmartZone and P25 trunked systems can be programmed for “Disable Site Trunking
Operation”. The radio is then not allowed to start or operate on a site trunking site. If a site
goes into site trunking, the radio leaves that site’s control channel and attempts to find
another valid wide area site. If no wide area site is available, the radio will continue
searching for another wide area control channel for check for failsoft if failsoft is enabled
and displays “Out-of-Range”. If a site adjacent to the current Home Site was in site
trunking but then enters wide area trunking, it is evaluated to determine if it should move
to that site as a better site.
6.12.4 Determining Current Site and Searching For New Site
To display the RSSI level of the current site, press the Site Search option button or select
that menu parameter. The display then indicates the current site number as “Site xx” and
the RSSI level as “RSSI xx”. This mode is then automatically exited.
To scroll through the other programmed sites, press and hold the Site Search option button
while “Site xx” or “RSSI xx” is displayed. If site lock is on when site search is entered (see
following), the radio will be locked on the new site when this function is exited.
Note
6-18
If a site failure occurs, the radio will automatically leave the failed site and register on
another site (after a predetermined delay). When the failed site recovers, the radio will
(after a predetermined delay) return to the site.
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SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
6.12.5 Locking / Unlocking a Site
It is sometimes desirable to stay on a site. To prevent the radio from searching for a new
site, lock it on the current site by pressing the Site Lock option button or selecting that
menu parameter. The display shows the flashing
. icon to indicate that the site is
locked. To unlock the site, press the Site Lock button again, (or the <F2> Select button),
until “Unlock” is momentarily displayed.
6.12.6 Auto Site Search
Auto site search automatically searches sites and ranks them in a “Best Sites” list. The list
is made up of all sites in the site list that share the highest site rank or have a site rank of
less than the highest site rank. Sites are sorted by RFSS ID/Zone and then by Site ID.
Auto Site search is selected by the Auto Site Search option button or by menu selection.
1 Press the Auto Site Search option button (or select the menu parameter) to display the
current site number and RSSI level of the current site.
2 Press and hold the Auto Site Search option button (or use the menu) to move from the
current site and scroll through the “Best Sites” list.
If menu selection is used, two items can be displayed:
- “Site Disp” displays the current site number or alias and RSSI indicator.
- “Auto Site” moves from the current site to the next (or first) site in the Best Sites list.
Note
Sites on the “Best Sites” list are constantly re-ranked by the roaming algorithm, so
changes to the list are not uncommon.
6.12.7 ZoneFail Site Lock
This is an optional feature that can be enabled only by factory programmed. It does not
require any special inputs from the infrastructure to operate. This feature is intended to
prevent some of the confusion resulting from a site controller failure. When this occurs, all
sites go into the Site Trunking mode and radios will be unable to roam normally. The
result is that the various radios selected by a particular talkgroup may be operating on
different sites and are unable to talk to each other (see Section 6.12.3 for more Site
Trunking information).
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SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
With the Zone Fail Site Lock feature enabled, the radio continues to roam normally when
the system zone controller is active. However, if the zone controller fails, this is detected
and the Zone Fail Site Lock mode is entered. The only site the radio is then allowed to
operate on is its home site. If its home site is not available, “Out-of-Range” is displayed. A
zone controller failure is detected by determining that every site in the dynamic site list is
in Site Trunking. Currently, this condition must be detected for at least one minute for the
Zone Fail Site Lock mode to be selected.
The result of this operation is that all radios with the same programmed home site are
forced to the home site to communicate which ensures that they can continue to
communicate. If the home site is not available, the Out-of-Range condition tells the user to
attempt communication on another system or by some other means.
6.12.8 P25 Wide Area Scan
This feature is intended to enhance roaming performance, especially when system level
steering through radio or talkgroup permissions is used.
With this option enabled on a talkgroup, as the talkgroup affiliates with a site, that site is
saved if the radio is changed to a new talkgroup. When the radio moves back to the Wide
Area Scan talkgroup, it will attempt to affiliate on the saved site before looking for a new
site.
6.12.8.1
Normal P25 and SmartZone Control Channel Hunt
The following control channel search methods are normally used to find a control channel:
Short Hunt - The dynamic array of 7 (or 15) adjacent sites is searched. This list is
saved on power down and loaded again at power up. It is erased whenever parameters
are downloaded to the radio by the PC Configure programmer.
Long Hunt - If no valid control channel is located by the preceding short hunt method,
the radio searches the list of control channels programmed into the radio by the PC
Configure programmer.
Full Spectrum CC Scan - If the two preceding methods do not locate a control
channel, every channel available to the radio is searched.
6.12.8.2
Talkgroup Steering through System Access Permissions
To use system channel resources more efficiently, some system operators are using system
access permissions to steer certain talkgroups to particular sites. For example, a police
department may be allowed to use only Site 1, and a public works department may be
allowed to use only Site 2.
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SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
The problem with this operation is that every time a different talkgroup is selected, the
access permission may be different and a different site may need to be accessed. This
could result, in a worst case, in a delay of up to 30 seconds in finding a new site. This
could occur if there are no valid sites for the new talkgroup in the dynamic site list.
6.12.8.3
P25 Wide Area Scan
A feature called Wide Area Scan can be programmed to minimize the problem just
outlined. The Wide Area Scan feature functions as follows:
1 Assume TG1 is selected. If it is the first time this talkgroup is selected, normal
searching for a control channel occurs according to the hunt methods previously
described.
2 When another talkgroup is selected, the active valid site for TG1 is stored in EEPROM
memory.
3 The next time TG1 is selected, the following procedure is performed before performing
the normal hunt methods previously described.
a The last valid site ID and its receive and transmit channel numbers are loaded from
EEPROM memory.
b The dynamic site list is checked to see if any newer receive/transmit channel
information is available for the last site ID.
c The best receive/transmit information is used and the radio checks to see if this
control channel is available.
The result of the preceding operation is that the radio has a reasonable chance of finding a
valid site, usually on the first try. This greatly reduces access time, even on systems which
have highly restricted talkgroup based access.
6.12.9
Initialize System Info on System Change
A programmable option feature allows a radio to be configured with multiple profiles, for
multiple sites with the same System ID and WACN. The feature can be used where a radio
system may have multiple sites but uses the same system ID and WACN at all sites, but
different control channel frequencies at each site.
If this option is enabled, multiple profiles can be created with different unit IDs or control
channel frequencies for P25 Trunking systems that contain the same System ID and
WACN.
If this option is disabled, multiple system personalities can be created for the same system.
This is the default setting.
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SmartZone and P25 Trunked Unique Features
6-22
Section 6 - SMARTNET / SmartZone / P25 Trunked Features
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Miscellaneous
Section7
7.1
Error Messages
The following are definitions of the various error messages that may be displayed.
Aff Failed - A group affiliation attempt has received a Failed response from the system.
The precise reason for a Failed response is manufacturer dependent.
Aff Deny - A group affiliation attempt has received a Denied response from the system.
The precise reason for a Denied response is manufacturer dependent. One common
cause is that the group is disallowed on the site/RFSS that the radio is attempting to
affiliate on.
Aff Refusd - A group affiliation attempt has received a Refused response from the
system. The precise reason for a Refused response is manufacturer dependent.
Answr Only - The user has attempted to initiate a private call or interconnect call and
the feature is programmed for answer only.
Attach GPS - The user has attempted to enter GPS mode without attaching the GPS
receiver to the radio.
Bad Band - A profile/or user parameters have been downloaded with PC Configure
that are for a band different from the hardware of the radio.
Bad ESN -The ESN of the radio is not valid. This error is usually only seen in the
factory when first programming brand new logic boards.
Bad Fl Fmt - A profile/or user parameters have been downloaded to the radio that do
not match the file format supported by the firmware/software in the radio. This message
may appear on initial power up following a firmware upgrade. In such cases the
message can be cleared by doing a read/write of parameters using PCC version 2.6.x or
later.
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7-1
Error Messages
Section 7 - Miscellaneous
Bad Hrdwar - The software was loaded on the wrong platform. Boot loader version
does not match the expected boot loader version.
Batt Low - The battery voltage has been detected as being low.
Busy - A call has been attempted and the system has responded that no channels are
available for assignment.
Busy Tmout - The radio previously received a busy response from the system and it
has not received a channel grant before the busy time-out timer has expired
Disabled - The selected channel is disabled.
Clear Only - The selected channel or group is strapped clear only and a secure call can
not be made.
Corupt Prm - The parameters file contains errors.
Cycle Powr - This error replaces the previous RX Back End Fail error. It occurs when
the radio has a communication failure with the RF Deck. This error only occurs with the
X and ES radio platforms.
Denied - A group call attempt has received a Denied response from the system.
Deny - A unit or interconnect call attempt has received a Denied response from the
system.
Disabled - The feature that the user is attempting to use has been disabled on the radio
either by programming or by factory options.
DSP Failed - The main processor and the DSP have failed to complete their startup
procedure at powerup.
EEPRM Fail - The main processor has timed out while trying to validate or invalidate
the profile/user parameters in the EEPROM.
Encryp Bad - The main processor and the Encryption Module have failed to complete
their startup procedure at power up.
Fixed High - The selected channel or group is strapped to high power and thus low
power can not be selected.
Fixed Low - The selected channel or group is strapped to low power and thus high
power can not be selected.
HC08 Fail- The HC08 was not initialized correctly and cannot be accessed for flash
reads and writes, tone generations, etc.
Invalid - The received input from the user does not fit the criteria necessary for the
feature.
Invalid ID - The received ID from the user was not a valid ID.
Invald Key - The key pressed by the user was not valid for the current situation.
Invalid TG- The talkgroup entered was invalid.
Invald User- The user’s radio ID was rejected by the system.
7-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Error Messages
Section 7 - Miscellaneous
Invld Ch - The channel entered by the user in keypad programming is not valid.
Key Fail - The encryption key required by the current selected group/channel is not
valid.
Kypd Lockd - The keypad lock function is active and key presses are not accepted in
this mode.
Kset Fail - The encryption key set chosen by the user is not valid.
List Only - Direct entry of a unit ID or phone number is disabled.
Locked - A selector lock command has been received and zone and channel changes
are not accepted.
Lost Signl - Signal from the infrastructure has been lost during an interconnect call.
Msg Failed - The message sent to the system was not acknowledged (applies to
conventional messaging.
Narrow - The current conventional channel is programmed as a narrow channel.
No Ack - The radio did not receive an Acknowledgement for the current signaling
attempt.
No Edit - The current list is not able to be edited.
No Encrypt - Encryption is not available for the selected channel.
No Items- The menu the user attempted to access contains no items.
No List - No list is available for the selected channel.
No Message - No message is programmed for transmission.
No Reply - Radio cloning failed due to no response.
No Sat Rec- The user attempted to enter GPS mode but the receiver does not have a
satellite lock.
No Service - OTAR service is not available.
No Site - No site with a verified ID is yet on the dynamic site list.
No Keys - No keys are available for the key select function.
Out Of Rng - This error indicates no control channel has been found for trunking
operation.
Parms Fail - The checksum of the profile / user parameters does not match the
calculated checksum. This indicates that there is an error in the parameters file. This
message only occurs if the redundant copy of the parameters is also corrupt or is unable
to be used.
Rekey Fail - This error indicates a failure in a rekeying process.
Rx Only - The selected channel is Rx only.
Sts Failed - No acknowledgement was received while sending a status report.
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7-3
System Operator Programming
Section 7 - Miscellaneous
Timeout - A time out has occurred in attempting the current function.
Tx Timeout - The Tx time-out timer has expired and Tx has been terminated.
Write Fail - The radio is unable to write to the EEPROM.
Zone Fail - The radio has been programmed with more zones than it was optioned for.
Reg Failed - The radio was unable to complete registration on the system.
7.2
System Operator Programming
As noted several times in this manual, programming determines the availability and
specific operation of many features. This usually refers to the programming performed by
the PC Configure programmer when the radio was set up, not to any programming a user
can perform. If a feature is controlled by a front panel option button and that button is not
available, it is probably not available.
If the Keypad Programming option button is available, you can reprogram some
conventional channel parameters. Refer to Section 5.15 for more information.
7.3
Speaking Into Microphone
For best results, hold the radio about 1-2 inches from your mouth and speak at a normal
conversational level. Do not shout since it distorts your voice and does not increase range.
Make sure that the PTT (push-to-talk) switch is pressed before you begin to speak and
released as soon as the message is complete.
7.4
Operation At Extended Range
When approaching the limits of radio range, the other party may not be able to hear your
transmissions and there may be an increase in background noise when messages are
received. You may still be out of range even though you can hear a message. The reason
for this is that the signal you are receiving is usually transmitted at a higher power level
than the one transmitted by your radio. Communication may be improved by moving to
higher ground or away from shielding objects such as tall buildings or hills.
7-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Licensing
7.5
Section 7 - Miscellaneous
Licensing
A government license is usually required to operate this radio on the air.
7.6
Radio Service
If the radio is not responding to any button/key presses, the keypad may be locked. Refer
to Section 3.6 for more information.
If “Password” is briefly displayed when power is turned on and you are prompted to enter
a password, the Power-Up Password feature is enabled. Refer to Section 3.2 for more
information.
If “Unprogramd” is displayed, the cause could be any of the following:
• An unprogrammed channel is selected. Select a programmed channel.
• The selected channel is programmed for an option that is not installed or an error in
programming was detected. Reprogram the radio.
If no characters appear in the display, the battery may be discharged or defective. Try
another battery. If some other problem is occurring, turn power off and then on again to
reset the control logic. Also make sure that the controls are properly set. If it still does not
operate correctly, return it for service.
Note
There are no user-serviceable components in the radio. Altering internal adjustments can
cause illegal emissions, void the warranty, and result in improper operation that can
seriously damage the radio.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
7-5
Radio Service
7-6
Section 7 - Miscellaneous
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Determining Available Options
Section8
This manual describes the operation of all features that are currently available for the 51xx
ES radio. However, many of these features are optional and therefore may not be available
in your radio. For example, Project 25 trunked operation is optional and may not be
available. Model III radios have the DTMF keypad, but the Model II radios do not have
this feature.
Availability of optional features is controlled by factory programming of the control logic.
Only those features that are specifically ordered and enabled in a particular radio are
available for use and can be programmed. The features controlled by factory programming
are as follows:
P25 Options
Ο
P25 conventional data
Ο
P25 trunked data
Ο
P25 conventional operation
Ο
P25 trunked operation
Encryption Options
Ο
DES
Ο
DES-OFB
Ο
AES
OTAR Options
Ο
OTAR P25 conventional
Ο
OTAR P25 trunked
Trunking Options
Ο
SMARTNET analog operation
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
8-1
Section 8 - Determining Available Options
Ο
SmartZone analog operation
Ο
Digital SMARTNET/SmartZone
Feature Options
Ο
Keypad programming (Federal Government users only)
Ο
864 channels/talkgroups
Ο
DTMF Keypad support
Ο
Zonefail site lock
Ο
MDC 1200
Ο
Conventional Vote SCan
Ο
OTAP
Ο
54 channel/16 zone
Currently, the only operating mode that is standard with all models is the conventional
analog mode. Other variables such as frequency range are hardware dependent instead of
software dependent.
The capability exists to upgrade radios in the field with new features. A new feature can be
purchased and a special encrypted code string keyed to the Electronic Serial Number
(ESN) of the radio is then provided by the EFJohnson Technologies Company. This string
is in the form of a computer file, and is downloaded to the radio using the PC Configure
programming software.
8-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Passwords
Section9
The following passwords may be set:
• Four Power-On (User x) Passwords
• Download and Upload Passwords
• Master Password
• Zone Passwords
9.1
Password Descriptions
Passwords are described below:
9.1.1
User (Power-On) Passwords
When a User Password is enabled, it must be entered each time radio power is turned on.
Up to four different User Passwords (User 1/User 2/User 3/User 4) can be programmed.
Currently, the same radio features are enabled for each. Entering any User Password at
power up enables normal radio operation.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
9-1
Programming Passwords
9.1.2
Section 9 - Passwords
Download/Upload Passwords
Separate Download (write) and Upload (read) passwords can be programmed to prevent
unauthorized downloading or uploading of radio programming parameters. When one or
both of these passwords are used, the proper password must be entered to perform the
operation. A “User” password is not required to upload or download parameters.
9.1.3
Master Password
The Master Password overrides all the preceding passwords. It can be used by a system
administrator as a “pass key” to a password controlled function or to change a lost or
inadvertently changed password. Master passwords are set up and changed the same as the
other passwords. It does not override the following Zone Password.
9.1.4
Note
Zone Password
The programming and usage of this password is independent from the preceding
passwords, and programmed in the Zone > Edit Zones and Channels screen.
A zone password can be programmed with the 51xx ES portable. It prevents unauthorized
reprogramming of zones by keypad programming. When this password is used, it must be
entered before system or channel parameters in that zone can be changed. The zone
password is programmed in the Edit Zones and Channels screen. This screen is
displayed by clicking the Edit Zone button on the Zone screen.
A different password can be programmed for each zone. When a password protected zone
is selected during keypad programming, “Password” is flashed the first time an attempt is
made to select a system or channel parameter in that zone. Each digit of the password is
then entered as previously described. The password is always eight digits long, and after
the eighth digit is entered, system and channel parameters for that zone can be
reprogrammed normally.
9.2
Programming Passwords
Passwords are programmed using PC Configure. The applicable radio must be connected
to the computer and powered up to display this PC Configure screen.
9-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Programming Passwords
Section 9 - Passwords
9.2.1
Lost Passwords
If a password is lost, contact EFJohnson Technologies Customer Service.
9.2.2
Changing Password
An assigned password can be changed by the user if the “Set User Password” option
button or menu parameter (5100 ES) is programmed. Selecting this function displays
prompts for entering and confirming a new password.
Note
With the 5100 ES portable, it is recommended that a number key not be used for this
function because the password mode is exited if that key is pressed to enter a number.
9.2.3
Password Entry Procedure
When a password is requested, it is entered as follows:
With DTMF keypad models, enter each number using the keypad and press the <F2>
(Enter) button after the last digit is entered. With limited keypad models, enter each
number by pressing the Up/Down buttons and press the <F2> button after each digit.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
9-3
Programming Passwords
9-4
Section 9 - Passwords
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Secure Communication (Encryption)
Section10
This radio may be equipped to provide secure communication on some or all channels.
This feature encrypts the voice so that it can be understood only by someone using a radio
equipped with a similar encryption device and encryption codes.
When a secure call is received, the LED flashes Red and
is indicated in the display. If
equipped with the Clear/Secure option button and the current channel is programmed to
allow button selection, secure communication can be manually enabled and disabled by
that button. Otherwise, channels are strapped to Clear or Secure operation (see Section
10.3). Secure communication can be programmed on a per channel or per talkgroup basis
to operate in various ways. More information follows.
10.1 Encryption Algorithms
10.1.1 SecureNet™
SecureNet encryption digitizes the voice and then encrypts it using the DES algorithm. It
uses a 64-bit encryption key. The SecureNet protocols include the following algorithms:
• DES (Data Encryption Standard) provides a level of security, and also uses cipher
feedback. It was originally designed to be used only by the Federal government.
• DES-OFB - A form of DES encryption for digital channels that uses output feedback.
This protocol does not result in the degraded range that occurs with analog channels.
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
10-1
Encryption Keys
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
10.1.2 AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)
An encryption standard called AES is replacing DES-OFB encryption on digital (P25)
channels. It uses a 128-, 192-, or 256-bit encryption key instead of the 64-bit key used with
DES. EFJohnson Technologies radios currently support only 256-bit AES keys. The type
of encryption (DES or AES) is determined by the type of encryption key that is loaded.
AES encryption, like DES encryption, is an optional radio feature that must be purchased
and then enabled at the factory.
10.1.3 Encryption Available With Various Channel Types
Analog Channels - On analog conventional and SMARTNET/SmartZone channels, DES
encryption provides secure communication.
Digital Channels - On conventional P25, SMARTNET/Smart Zone, and P25 Trunking
channels, the DES-OFB or AES-OFB protocol is used.
10.1.4 FIPS Modes
FIPS 140-2 is a Federal Information Processing Standard for encrypted radios used by the
Federal Government. This standard specifies Federal security requirements for
cryptographic modules for a wide range of applications and environments.
10.2 Encryption Keys
An encryption key is a cryptographic variable that is required by the encryption algorithm
to encrypt and decrypt voice or data. To maintain system security, these keys must be
protected from disclosure and also periodically replaced or updated.
With the AES and DES encryption used by EFJohnson Technologies radios (see Section
10.1), the same encryption key is used by both the encrypting (sending) and decrypting
(receiving) radio. AES encryption keys are generated from a string of 64 hexadecimal
characters, and DES keys are generated from a string of 16 hexadecimal characters.
Another four hexadecimal characters are used to specify the key ID. Multiple keys can be
loaded into a radio using OTAR or manual loading.
When an encrypted message is transmitted, the encryption Algorithm ID (ALID) and key
ID (KID) are usually included in the message. This tells the receiving radio which key and
algorithm must be used to decrypt the message.
10-2
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Encryption Keys
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
If an attempt is made to transmit a secure message without loading the corresponding key,
“Keyfail” is displayed. The message must then be transmitted in the clear mode (this is
possible only if the channel is strapped to “switchable”) or the key must be loaded.
10.2.1 Key and Algorithm IDs
Each encryption key is programmed with a Key ID (also called Logical ID). This ID plus
the algorithm ID (ALGID) is transmitted in the message on digital channels. The radio
receiving the message must have a key with the same IDs in order to decrypt it.
10.2.2 PID / SLN Key Management Modes
Note
The term “SLN” from the Project 25 specification is equivalent to “CKR” (Common Key
Reference) also used to define this parameter.
The channels, talkgroups, and other calls that use encryption are linked to a specific
Physical ID (PID) when the radio is programmed. For example, Zone 1, channel 1 could
be programmed to select the key in PID 1 and Zone 1, channel 2 could select the key in
PID 3. The PID ranges are 0-63 when the PID mode is selected, and 1-64 when the SLN
mode is selected (see Figure 10.1).
Figure 10.1 Key Selection Example
Keyset 1
Zone 1, Chan 2
Zone 2, Chan 4
Zone 2, Chan 5
Zone 3, Chan 1
Zone 3, Chan 2
Keyset 2
PID
1
Keys Table
Keyset Name (Opt)
Keyset Name (Opt)
SLN 21
Key #21: Key ID 54
Key #21: Key ID 94
2
3
SLN 22
Key #22: Key ID 65
Key #23: Key ID 67
Key #22: Key ID 98
4
5
SLN 23
Key #23: Key ID 99
SLN 24
Key #24: Key ID 69
Key #24: Key ID 91
SLN 25
Key #25: Key ID 73
Key #25: Key ID 90
Algorithm ID
Algorithm ID
More information on the PID or SLN key management modes follows.
PID Mode - The PID mode can be used only when keys are loaded using the Motorola
KVL 3000 keyloader operating in ASN mode. When this mode is selected, keys are
loaded directly into a PID of 0-63 that corresponds to the PID programmed for each
channel (if applicable). The Keys Table in PC Configure is not programmed with this
mode.
SLN Mode - The SLN mode must be selected when either OTAR (Over-The-AirRekeying) or the EFJohnson Technologies System Management Assistant (PDA
keyloader) or the Motorola KVL 3000 keyloader operating in Astro 25 mode is used. It
can also be used if OTAR is not used. With this mode, keys are loaded into a SLN
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10-3
Encryption Keys
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
(Storage Location Number), typically from 0-4095. The Keys Table must then be
programmed to link channel PIDs to a specific SLN.
The use of this type of indirect linking allows keysets and key IDs to be changed
through OTAR while keeping the mapping from the channel or talkgroup the same. For
example, as shown in Figure 10.1, PID 4 selects SLN 24 which selects key slot 24 in
both keysets. This slot contains Key ID 69 in Keyset 1 and Key ID 91 in Keyset 2. Only
one keyset is active at a time. The actual key chosen between these two to transmit with
will depend on which keyset is active, Keyset 1 or Keyset2.
10.2.3 Maintaining Keys in Memory
The radio may need to be connected to a constant power source to preserve the encryption
keys in memory. The programming of the Infinite Key Retention parameter determines if
keys are permanently stored in memory or erased soon after power is removed.
When Infinite Key Retention is enabled, keys are stored in memory and are not lost when
power is removed. If it is disabled, they are maintained only until the storage capacitance
discharges. With 5100 ES models, storage capacitors maintain the supply voltage (and
encryption keys) for approximately 30 seconds without power applied. Therefore, when
changing the battery, make sure to reattach another within 30 seconds.
10.2.4 Encryption Key Select
Note
This feature is available on P25 trunking and conventional channels.
When multiple encryption keys are programmed (see preceding information), the Key
Select option button can be programmed to allow selection of another key for the current
channel. This feature changes the PID (hardware location) of the key, and the change is
permanent (cycling power or selecting a different channel does not reselect the original
key). Therefore, to switch back to the original key, it must be manually reselected. Proceed
as follows to select a key:
1 Press the Key Select button or select that menu parameter.
2 Press the Up/Down buttons to display the desired key and then press the <F2> (Select)
button to select it. Press the Key Select button again to return the display to normal
operation.
10-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Clear / Secure Strapping
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
10.2.5 Encryption Key Erase
A Key Erase menu item can be programmed that allows the user to permanently erase all
stored keys. If OTAR TEK and KEK keys are stored, all keys of both types are erased.
This function can be used to ensure that unauthorized encrypted calls can no longer be
placed or received by a radio.
10.2.6 Encryption Icon Operation
Basically, the encryption icon
is on continuously whenever a secure call is received or
transmitted. Other operation is as follows:
• When a secure call is received on a digital channel in either the secure or clear mode,
this icon flashes.
• When a clear call is received on a digital channel in the secure mode, this icon is on
continuously.
• An option can be programmed to sound a beep whenever a secure call is received on a
clear channel.
10.3 Clear / Secure Strapping
10.3.1 Transmit Mode Options
The following transmit options are available when encryption is selected:
“Clear” - All calls are in the clear mode unless responding to a secure call. If the
response is then made within the delay time, it occurs in the secure mode.
“Secure” - All calls are made in the selected secure mode.
“Switched” - The mode is selected by the Clear/Secure button. When the clear mode is
selected by this button and a secure call is received, or vice versa, you will hear a beep.
Press the programmed option button to change to the appropriate mode.
If the channel has been strapped “Clear” and the option button selects the “Secure” mode
on power up and a transmission is attempted, transmitting is disabled. Likewise, if the
channel is strapped “Secure” and the option button selects the “Clear” mode on power up
and a transmission is attempted, the transmitter is disabled.
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10-5
Clear / Secure Strapping
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
The radio can be programmed to ignore the “Clear” or “Secure” button setting. These
preceding indications then do not occur and transmissions always occur in the strapped
mode.
Note
If all channels/talkgroups are strapped clear or secure and no Clear/Secure option button
or menu parameter is programmed, this parameter must always be selected (see
following).
If the Clear/Secure button or menu parameter are not programmed, the radio is always in
the last known state (usually Clear) and there is no way to change it. For example, if the
last known state is Clear and this parameter is not selected, it is never possible to transmit
a Secure message on a channel strapped Secure. An error tone sounds.
10.3.2 Analog Receive Mode Options
The following receive options can be programmed with conventional operation. With
SMARTNET/SmartZone and P25 Trunked operation, encrypted calls are received if the
proper key is programmed.
No Autodetect - Only signals coded like the transmit signals are received.
Secure Autodetect - Both clear and secure signals are automatically detected. This
mode is automatically selected if the transmit mode is button selectable.
Proper Key Autodetect - (Analog Channels) When this feature is disabled and a
message is received with the wrong key, the audio unmutes and garbled (encrypted)
audio is heard. However, if this occurs with this feature enabled, the audio remains
muted.
10.3.3 Talkgroup Encryption Override
On conventional digital (P25) channels, the encryption strapping mode and PID are
programmed on a per talkgroup basis similar to the trunked modes (SMARTNET/
SmartZone/P25 Trunked). However, with this mode only, there is the option to override
the talkgroup encryption programming and program it on a per channel basis. Therefore, if
desired on conventional digital channels, encryption can be programmed differently for
each channel. Conventional analog channel encryption is always programmed on a per
channel basis.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
10.4 Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Over-The Air-Rekeying (OTAR) is the process of sending encryption keys and related key
management messages over-the-air to specific radios. The advantage of OTAR is that it
allows these keys to be quickly and conveniently updated when necessary. It is no longer
necessary to periodically travel to the radio location or bring the radio into a maintenance
facility to load new keys.
The actual OTAR rekeying functions are performed by a Key Management Facility
(KMF) that sends Key Management Messages (KMM) to the radios. These messages are
themselves encrypted using an encryption key. Radios must be OTAR-compatible and
programmed for OTAR for this type of rekeying to occur.
OTAR is available only on P25 conventional and trunked channels, and only to program
DES-OFB and AES keys. It is not used on SMARTNET/SmartZone channels.
10.4.1 Encryption Key Types
There are two types of keys used with OTAR:
TEK (Traffic Encryption Key) - The key used to encrypt voice and data traffic. All
radios using encryption must have at least one of these keys.
KEK (Key Encryption Key) - The key used to encrypt keys contained in OTAR Key
Management Messages (KMMs). All radios which use OTAR must contain at least one
of these keys. The KEK used to decrypt/encrypt keys in an OTAR message is defined
by the algorithm and key IDs transmitted in the decryption instructions field. A KEK
may be unique to a particular radio (UKEK) or common to a group of radios (CKEK).
10.4.2 Keysets
To simplify key management, OTAR divides the TEK keyspace into multiple sets.
Exactly one of these sets is said to be active at any given time, and only keys in the
currently active set will be selected for use when encrypting voice traffic. The 5300 radio
supports two such keysets, Keyset 1 and Keyset 2. The valid SLN range for Keyset 1 and
Keyset 2 is 1 through 4095. 5300 radios can be assigned up to 64 SLNs in this range. See
Figure 10.1.
Notice that if all radios in a cryptonet are using traffic keys from the same active keyset,
the keys contained in the inactive keyset of each radio can be replaced without disrupting
encrypted communications. Once the keys in the inactive keyset are replaced for every
radio in a given cryptonet, the radios can switch active keysets and start using the new
keys. After all radios are using the new keys, the keys in the previously used keyset can
then be replaced, and so on. It is the task of the Key Management Facility to coordinate
this key cycling activity.
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10-7
Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
While the active keyset is usually selected by the Key Management Facility, it can also be
selected by the radio user if the KY CHG option button is programmed. In this fashion,
two keysets can be used even if OTAR is not being used. Note that the radio must be in
SLN mode (see Section 10.2.2) to make use of keysets.
KEKs are always placed in Keyset 255, and are always considered to be active. The valid
SLN range for Keyset 255 is 61440 through 65535. While KEKs can reside in any SLN
within this range, traditionally UKEKs will reside in SLN 61440 and/or 61442, and
CKEKs, if present, will reside in 61441 and/or 61443. The EFJohnson Technologies KMF
uses SLN 61440 for DES UKEKs and 61442 for AES UKEKs.”
A diagram of a keyset is shown in Figure 10.2. Some information may be optional as
shown.
Figure 10.2 Keyset Diagram
16-Bit Keyset ID
Keyset Name (Opt)
SLN 1
SLN 2
SLN 4095
If Erase Previous Keyset on OTAR Changeover is selected, the keys in the original
keyset are erased when the OTAR Changeover command or the Keyset option button are
used to select the other keyset. If this not selected, the keys in the original keyset are not
erased when this occurs. Please note that this only erases keys on an OTAR changeover: It
does not erase keys on a manual keyset changeover from either the menu or function
button.
10.4.3 Key Management Facility
The Key Management Facility (KMF) provides key management and OTAR functions to
applicable radios within the radio system. One of the main tasks of the KMF is to maintain
a data base of encryption information contained in each radio. This information may
include the following:
• TEKs (main Traffic Encryption Keys)
• KEKs (Key Encryption Keys) used to encrypt keys within OTAR messages
• Keysets (groups of TEKs or KEKs)
• Individual and group Radio Set Identifiers (RSIs)
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Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
The KMF performs OTAR functions by exchanging Key Management Messages (KMMs)
with the radios. Both the KMF and radio can originate messages. Some functions
performed by the KMF are as follows:
• Loading new keys
• Modifying keys
• Initiating active keyset switchovers
• Modifying keyset names
• Deleting keys
• Deleting all keys (zeroize) when a radio may be lost or compromised
• Determining if a radio is on the air and reading key information
• Changing individual and group RSIs
• Manage Subscriber Groups (groups of radios using the same keys).
10.4.4 Message Number Period (MNP)
One of the parameters that is programmed in a radio using OTAR is Message Number
Period (MNP). This parameter is used to minimize the possibility of someone sending
messages to “spoof” the system or radio. The MNP is used as follows.
Every message sent out has a message number. The message number increments by one
with each message sent. The MNP is the maximum difference allowed between
messages. For example, if the MNP is set to 1000 and the last message number received
by the radio is older by more than 1000 from the current message number, the current
message is ignored, and a message number resynchronization process will be
automatically attempted. If the MNP is set to 65535, message numbers are ignored.
When determining this number, consider the likelihood of someone trying to spoof the
system by retransmitting recorded messages and then adjust the MNP accordingly. The
higher the risk, the smaller the MNP should be. A disadvantage of setting a low MNP is
that the chance of rejecting valid messages becomes higher. In addition, traffic level
and terrain contribute to lost messages and should also be considered when selecting
this number. If the message numbers become out-of-sync between the radio and the
KMF, an automatic resynchronization process will take place, which requires
additional bandwidth. Note that this process is not possible if the radio does not share a
TEK with the KMF.
A setting of 1000 will block very old messages but is unlikely to affect anything
intentionally sent out by the system (1000 messages sent to a single radio is not likely to
occur in a system in less than a year with normal usage).
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Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
10.4.5 Definitions
Algorithm - Refers to the specific encryption standard (DES or AES) that is used to
encrypt a message. Each standard uses different calculations to perform the encryption
(see Section 10.1).
Algorithm ID (ALGID) - Identifies the algorithm (DES or AES) used to encrypt a
message. This ID and the Key ID are transmitted with each non-analog message to
uniquely identify the key being used.
Black - Refers to information that is encrypted. The opposite is “Red” which refers to
unencrypted information.
Common Key Encryption Key (CKEK) - This is a KEK common to a group of
subscriber units which share the same encryption. These keys can be the DES or AES
type. The use of a common key allows the subscriber units to be rekeyed by the KMF
using one Key Management Message in some circumstances by addressing the KMM to a
group RSI. Refer to “KEK” for more information.
Common Key Reference (CKR) - Same as Storage Location Number (SLN).
Crypto Group - A group of up to 16 keysets containing the same type of keys (either TEK
or KEK). Although a crypto group can contain up to 16 keysets, only two are normally
used. Only one keyset in a crypto group is active at a time. EFJohnson Technologies radios
currently support only one crypto group for TEKs, crypto group 0.
Cryptographic Variable - The variable used by a cryptographic algorithm to encrypt a
message. Also called a “key”.
Key - A variable used by a cryptographic algorithm to encrypt voice or data. Also called
“Cryptographic Variable”. Keys are identified by their Algorithm ID and Key ID values.
Key Encryption Key (KEK) - A key used to encrypt keys contained in Key Management
Messages (KMMs) during OTAR. These messages may themselves be encrypted by a
TEK. These keys can be the AES or DES type. There are KEKs unique to a subscriber unit
(UKEK) and common to a group (CKEK). The other type of key is the Traffic Encryption
Key (TEK) used to encrypt voice and data messages.
Key ID - This is a 16-bit (four hex digit) number identifier from 1-65535 for an encryption
key which allows the key to be identified without revealing the actual key variable. This
ID and the Algorithm ID uniquely identify a key within the KMF or subscriber unit.
Therefore, two keys can have the same ID if they have different algorithm IDs and vice
versa. The Key ID and Algorithm ID are usually transmitted with a message to identify the
key that must be used to decrypt it. Key ID 0 is not used with OTAR.
Key Management Facility (KMF) - The equipment and software which provide OTAR
and related key management services to the subscriber units.
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Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
Key Management Message (KMM) - These are the messages composed by the KMF to
send encryption information to subscriber units through the keyloader or OTAR. KMMs
are themselves encrypted using two layers of encryption: inner and outer. The inner layer
of encryption uses a KEK and the outer layer uses a TEK. Additional security measures
contained within KMMs include a Message Number (MN) and a Message Authentication
Code (MAC).
Keyset - A structure containing keys of the same type (TEK or KEK). There are two TEK
keysets, Keyset 1 and Keyset 2, and one KEK keyset, Keyset 255. Only one of the two
TEK keysets is active at a given time. This provides a way to divide the two keys
contained within each SLN into two groups, active keys and inactive keys, based on the
currently active keyset setting.
Keyset Changeover - The process used to switch the active keyset setting on a subscriber
unit to the currently inactive keyset so that the keys in the newly inactive keyset can be
replaced without interrupting encrypted communication.
Key Loader - Any type of device used to load encryption keys into a radio. With OTAR,
this device must be used to provide the initial key loading of a subscriber unit so that it
contains the basic keys needed for OTAR by the KMF (the KEK). If OTAR is not used, is
always used to load encryption keys. EFJohnson Technologies offers a PDA-based
keyloader.
Logical Link ID (LLID) - An ID transmitted with a CAI data message to identify the
destination of the message.
Message Number Period (MNP) - The maximum difference between message numbers
that can occur before a message is declared invalid (see Section 10.4.4).
Over-The-Air-Rekeying (OTAR) - The process of sending new encryption keys over the
air using an RF interface.
Red - Refers to information that is not encrypted. The opposite is “Black”.
Rekey - The process of preparing, sending, and loading encryption keys into a subscriber
unit for current or future use. This may be done over-the-air (OTAR) or by directly
connecting a keyloader to the subscriber unit.
Radio Set Identifier (RSI) - Subscriber units are programmed with one or two Radio Set
Identifier (RSI) numbers that identify the unit for OTAR purposes. The RSI can be unique
to an individual subscriber unit or unique to a group of subscriber units. An individual
(unit) RSI is always assigned and a group RSIs may be assigned. The individual RSI is
typically programmed when the subscriber unit is initially brought into service. The KMF
is also identified by an RSI (KMFRSI) to use as the destination of any KMMs a subscriber
unit originates. The KMMs (Key Management Messages) generated by the KMF (Key
Management Facility) are addressed to a specific RSI.
Storage Location Number (SLN) - A link to a specific TEK in a given keyset. A given
SLN can contain two keys, one for the active keyset and one for the inactive keyset. SLNs
and CKRs are equivalent terms (see Section 10.2).
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10-11
Over-The-Air Rekeying (OTAR)
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
Traffic Encryption Key (TEK) - A key used to encrypt voice or data. The other type of
key is the Key Encryption Key (KEK) which is used to encrypt keys contained in Key
Management Messages. TEKs can be either the AES or DES type.
Unique Key Encryption Key (UKEK) - A KEK unique to a particular subscriber unit.
Refer to “KEK” for more information. These keys can be either the AES or DES type.
Zeroize - The process of deleting all keys from a compromised subscriber unit to disable
it. To make the unit encryptionally functional again, the keys must be reloaded by a
keyloader.
10.4.6 Motorola Third-Party RNC Registration
The 51xx ES portable supports Motorola dynamic data registration. However, if desired,
the radio can be programmed to perform MOT 3rd Party data registration instead of
dynamic registration on the OTAR and Data parameters page. If MOT 3rd Party
registration is selected, the radio must be manually registered on the Motorola RNC
Console by entering the following command:
LCRD 03 06 00 1234 7F xx xx xx 0A 0A 00 07 00 yy
Where, “xx xx xx” is the hex value of the Digital Unit ID entered by the PC Configure
software. Refer to the console documentation for the value of “yy” or use “00”. This
registration needs to be done only once.
10.4.7 Programming By Keyloader
The following are the minimum parameters that need to be programmed in the radio to
perform OTAR. It is not necessary to program a TEK to perform OTAR. If the radio does
not contain a TEK, the KMF initiates a warm start sequence in which a temporary TEK is
transferred to the radio to perform the key transfer.
UKEK - This key normally has SLN (CKR) 61440 and Key ID 62880 (F5A0 hex).
Create a key (either AES or DES type as required) and download it to the radio. AES
UKEKs typically use an SLN of 61442 and a Key ID of 62880 (0xF5A0).
Unit RSI - This is normally initially the same as the P25 Unit ID. Therefore, the RSI
should not need to be loaded if it is the first time the radio is being set up for OTAR or
if the radio dumps keys due to long-term battery disconnect. However, it may need to
be loaded if the radio is manually deleted from the KMF and then recreated since the
message number must be reset to 0 (the Load Target RSI command resets the message
number to 0).
KMF RSI - This RSI is normally 9,999,999 and should not need to be loaded since it
defaults to this number.
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Radio OTAR Capabilities
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
MNP (Message Number Period) - Load the proper message number period into the
radio (typically 1000). Refer to Section 10.4.4 for more information.
Verify that the above information was properly stored in the radio by viewing it using the
keyloader.
10.5 Radio OTAR Capabilities
The OTAR capabilities of the SEM equipped 5100 ES portable are as follows.
• Keysets
- Up to three keysets are used and it is assumed all three are always present. Keyset IDs
1 and 2 are for TEKs and only one is active at a time. Keyset ID 255 is for KEKs and
is considered active all the time
- Each keyset can have up to 128 keys. However, 16 or less are normally used.
• RSI (Radio Set Identifier)
- One individual RSI and it is usually initially the same as the P25 Unit ID.
- One group RSI (usually initially “0”).
- One KMF RSI (usually always 9,999,999).
10.5.1 OTAR Messages That Are Supported
The following KMM Message IDs are recognized by or sent:
CHANGE RSI
0x03
CHANGE RSI RESPONSE
0x04
KEYSET CHANGEOVER
0x05
KEYSET CHANGEOVER RESPONSE
0x06
DELAYED ACK
0x07
HELLO
0x0C
INVENTORY
0x0D
INVENTORY RESPONSE
0x0E
MODIFY KEY
0x13
MODIFY KEYSET ATTRIBUTES
0x14
MODIFY KEYSET ATTRIBUTES RESPONSE
0x15
NEGATIVE ACK
0x16
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10-13
Radio OTAR Capabilities
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
NO SERVICE
0x17
REKEY ACK
0x1D
OTAR REGISTRATION
0x25
OTAR REGISTARTION RESPONSE
0x26
REKEY
0x1E
UNABLE TO DECRYPT
0x27
WARM START
0x20
ZEROIZE
0x21
ZEROIZE RESPONSE
0x22
10.5.2 OTAR Option Buttons
The following additional option buttons can be programmed with the 5100 ES portable to
control OTAR functions. They are also available as 5100 ES menu parameters unless
noted otherwise.
Change Keyset - Toggles the active keyset between Keyset 1 and Keyset 2. The new
active keyset is briefly displayed and then normal operation resumes. When the
5100 ES menu is used, the current active keyset is indicated by an asterisk. To change
to the other keyset, highlight it and press the <F2> button.
Clear/Secure Select - This enables and disables encryption regardless of whether
OTAR is used. Refer to Section 10.3 for more information.
Erase Keys - Erases all TEK and KEK keys contained in the radio.
Key Select - This allows a different key to be selected for the current channel or group
(conventional channels only). Refer to Section 10.2.4 for more information.
10.5.3 Additional Functions Selectable by 5100 ES Menu
To select a parameter, highlight it and press <F2>.
Rekey - Performs the same function as the OTAR Rekey Request option button
described in the preceding section. (Can be option button or menu parameter.)
Need KEK - Sends a request for a new Key Encryption Key (KEK). Upon receiving
this message, the KMF marks the radio as requiring service. One time this function may
be selected is if the radio dumps it keys.
Identify - Sends a message which tells the KMF that the radio is on the air. Currently,
the KMF will usually either echo the message back to the radio or respond with a No
Service KMM. This function can be used to test communication without initiating the
rekeying that occurs with the preceding “Rekey” function.
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Over the Air Programming
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
Erase Keys - Erases all keys in the radio the same as the Erase Keys option button
described in the preceding section. (Can be option button or menu parameter.)
10.6 Over the Air Programming
OTAP is an “Over the Air” programming feature for the subscriber parameter (code plug)
files. Using the OTAP feature, parameter files can be updated and changed in the field,
eliminating the need to take the radio out of service to perform the updates. Firmware
version 6.6.x (ES) or later is required to use conventional OTAP, and version 6.10.x (ES)
or later is required to use P25 Trunking OTAP.
10.6.1 Radio Set Up
The current profile in the radio controls how an OTAP download is handled. How this is
set in PC Configure determines the possible actions the radio should take: “Prompt”,
“Activate”, and “Off-line”.
Prompt
- the radio displays the message “Activate?” after a successful OTAP download,
prompting the radio user to respond.
- On portable subscriber units, the user should press the <F2> button to indicate an
affirmative answer or the <F1> button to indicate a negative answer.
Activate
- the new parameters are automatically written to the EEPROM upon a successful
download. The user sees a display of “Activating” followed by a reset of the radio.
Off-line
- the parameters are stored in Flash memory until activated with PC Configure or by
the radio user. The activation method for the radio requires having either a menu item
or a button assigned to the “Activate OTAP” function. The download completion
action and any buttons/menu items must be programmed in PC Configure prior to
beginning an OTAP procedure if an action other than the default “Prompt” is desired.
The radio must also be registered with the data router for an OTAP procedure to take
place.
- If the radio has undergone a successful download, by selecting the menu item or
pressing the button, the radio displays the message “Activating” followed by a reset
of the radio.
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10-15
Over the Air Programming
Note
Section 10 - Secure Communication (Encryption)
The radio will reset after a successful download in this mode, but the previous radio
profile will remain in use until the radio user or PC Configure operator activates the
OTAP parameter.
If the OTAP procedure is not successful, the radio will reboot and return to normal
operating mode with the current parameters.
10.6.2 OTAP Transfer Times
Larger files tie up the radio for a long time. Therefore, any user interface event, such as a
channel change, zone change, button press or toggle switch position change (portable
radios only) stops the OTAP procedure and returns the radio to normal operating mode.
For button presses/toggle switch position changes, the radio exits OTAP mode only if a
function is programmed for the button/toggle switch; otherwise, the bad tone sounds.
Low signal conditions may also cause the radio to exit OTAP. If the radio does not receive
a response from PC Configure one minute after receiving its last data packet, the radio
stops the OTAP procedure and returns to normal operating mode.
10-16
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S
E C T I O N
Data Features
Section11
Advances in digital communication allow for new data features and services using the
radio link. This section discusses data features and services available for 5100ES radios
11.1
P25 Trunking Features
P25 Trunking supports data service on a P25 Trunking system using an EFJohnson
Technologies radio and a portable computer. The radio communicates with the computer
over the P25 Mobile Data Peripheral (MDP) Interface, which uses an RS232 hardware
interface at 9600 bits/s. The following protocols are supported across the interface:
• Point To Point Protocol (PPP)
• Internet Protocol (IP)
• Universal Datagram Protocol (UDP)
• Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
The radio must be programmed for data operations on the Trunked IV & D system.
11.1.1
Interface Connection
The radio connects from its MDP Interface to the RS232 COM port of the computer using
the P25 Mobile Data Peripheral (MDP) Interface cable. The radio Accessory Connector
(side port) functions as the MDP Interface connection point.
Note
Since the radio uses the side port for the MDP Interface, a “Data Modes” button must be
programmed (in PC Configure) to enable the PPP interface.
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11-1
P25 Trunking Features
11.1.2
Section 11 - Data Features
Context Activation
In order for the radio to access data service on a trunking system, it must be a valid user on
the system and it must be affiliated to an RF site. Once this is accomplished, the radio must
request data services from the trunked system through the process of context activation; a
data registration of the radio with the system. Context activation is initiated from the radio.
In an EFJohnson Technologies radio, context activation is automatically initiated when the
user selects a P25 trunking system with either data registration enabled or OTAR enabled.
During a context activation, the radio attempts to access a packet data channel (PDCH) at
the site and send it its request for data services. If the context activation is successful, the
radio subscriber will receive a response containing a IP address. This IP address will be
used by the radio as a source IP address for all inbound data messages sent, and is used by
the host application as the destination IP address for all outbound data messages. If for
some reason the context activation fails, the radio will not be allowed to use data services
on the trunked system. If a PPP link is established between the portable computer and
radio without the radio context activated, any data transmitted by the computer to the radio
is ignored.
11.1.3
PPP Link Establishment
To begin data transmissions from an application running on a portable computer, a data
connection must first be established between the computer and the radio (with data
capability enabled). This is accomplished by creating a new network connection using the
Microsoft Windows Operating System.
Note
The following screen shots are derived from Windows XP.
The network connection screen can be accessed through the control panel. Click the create
a new connection link.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
1 Using the Control Panel, access the Network Connection screen (Figure 11.1).
Figure 11.1 Network Connection Screen
2 Click Create a new connection link.The New Connection Wizard screen appears
(Figure 11.2).
3 Click Next. The Network Connection Type screen appears (Figure 11.3).
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11-3
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.2 New Connection Wizard Screen
11-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.3 Network Connection Type Screen
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
11-5
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
4 Select Set up an advanced connection, then click Next. The Advanced Connection
Options screen appears (Figure 11.4)
Figure 11.4 Advanced Connection Options Screen
5 Select Connect directly to another computer, then click Next. The Host or Guest screen
appears (Figure 11.5).
6 Select Guest, then click Next. The Connection Name screen appears (Figure 11.6).
11-6
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.5 Host or Guest Screen
Figure 11.6 Connection Name Screen
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
11-7
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
7 In the Computer Name frame, type the name for the connection. Then click Next. The
Select a Device screen appears (Figure 11.7).
Figure 11.7 Select a Device Screen
8 From the Select a device pull-down list, select the communications port to use to
connect the cable from the radio to the computer. Then click Next. The Connection
Availability screen appears (Figure 11.8).
9 Under the Create this connection for options, select Anyone’s use.Then click Next. The
Completing New Connection Wizard screen appears (Figure 11.9).
11-8
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.8 Connection Availability
Figure 11.9 Completing New Connection Wizard Screen
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11-9
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
10 Click Finish. The new connection is established (and should be in the network
connection folder). The Connect Radio screen appears (Figure 11.10).
Figure 11.10 Connect Radio Screen
11 Click Properties. The Radio Properties screen appears (Figure 11.11).
12 Under the General tab, click Configure. Verify that the communications port selected
in Step 8 is selected in the Select a device pull-down list.
11-10
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.11 Radio Properties Screen: General Tab
13 Click OK. The Modem Configuration screen appears (Figure 11.12).
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11-11
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.12 Modem Configuration Screen
14 From the Maximum Speed pull-down list, select 9600. Leave all other options
unchecked, and click OK. The Radio Properties screen returns (Figure 11.13).
11-12
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.13 Radio Properties Screen: Options Tab
15 Under the Options tab, ensure that the box for Prompt for name and password
certificate, etc. is unchecked. Then select the Networking tab (Figure 11.14).
16 Under the Networking tab, ensure that the following boxes are unchecked:
- File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks
- Intel Wireless Connection Agent
- Deterministic Network Enhancer
- Client for Microsoft Networks
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11-13
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.14 Radio Properties Screen: Networking Tab
17 Ensure that the box for Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is checked. Then click
Properties.The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties screen appears (Figure 11.15).
11-14
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.15 Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Screen
18 Select Obtain an IP address automatically, then click Advanced. The Advanced TCP/
IP Settings screen appears (Figure 11.16).
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11-15
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.16 Advanced TCP/IP Settings Screen
19 Ensure that the box for Use default gateway on remote network is unchecked. Then
click OK. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties screen returns (Figure 11.17).
11-16
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.17 Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties Screen
20 Click OK. The Radio Properties screen returns (Figure 11.18).
21 Click Cancel. The configuration of the connection between the radio and the portable
computer is complete.
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11-17
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.18 Radio Properties Screen: Networking Tab
11.1.3.1
Connection and Testing
To connect the computer and radio and test the connection perform the instructions in the
following paragraphs.
11.1.3.1.1
Connection
To connect the computer and radio, right click on the network icon. The Connecting Radio
window (Figure 11.19) appears, and remains until the connection is made.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.19 Radio Connection Window
11.1.3.1.2
PPP Link Test
Further verification that the link is working correctly an be made by “pinging” the
subscriber radio from the mobile computer:
1 Activate the Command Prompt screen from the Accessories pull-down list of the Start
menu (see Figure 11.20).
Figure 11.20 Command Prompt Screen: Sending “Ping”
2 At the prompt, type ping followed by the IP address of the radio. In the above example
the IP address 128.1.0.3 s used, and the complete entry is ping 128.1.0.3.
3 Check for one or more replies to the “ping” as in the example of Figure 11.21. This
indicates that the connection is working correctly.
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11-19
P25 Trunking Features
Section 11 - Data Features
Figure 11.21 Command Prompt Screen: Replies to Successful “Ping”
11-20
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
S
E C T I O N
Service Information
Section12
This section describes how to obtain authorized service for the 5300 ES Series mobile
radio.
12.1 Product Warranty
The warranty statement for this equipment is available from your product supplier or
from:
Warranty Department
EFJohnson Technologies
8050 Jetstar # 175
Irving, TX 75063
This information may also be requested from the Warranty Department by phone at the
numbers listed in Section 12.4. The Warranty Department may also be contacted for
warranty service reports, claim forms, or any other questions concerning warranties or
warranty service.
12.2 Online Registration
EFJohnson Technologies offers greater convenience through online product warranty
registration. Registering EFJohnson Technologies products online allows customers to
receive warranty service and field service notices more quickly.
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12-1
Telephone Technical Support
Section 12 - Service Information
To register EFJohnson Technologies products online, visit
www.EFJohnsonTechnologies.com. Click the link for Service and Support, then follow the
instructions for Warranty Registration.
12.3 Telephone Technical Support
Technical support personnel can help resolve many issues over the telephone, such as
display, volume, software, programming. Please refer to Section 12.4 for information to
contact the Customer Service Department.
12.4 Factory Customer Service
The EFJohnson Technologies Customer Service Department provides customer assistance
on technical problems and the availability of local and factory repair facilities. Regular
customer service hours are 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Central Time, Monday- Friday. A
technical support subscription service is available or support can be purchased on an asneeded basis. The Customer Service Department can be reached using the following
telephone numbers:
Toll-Free: (800) 328-3911 (all except Multi-Net)
(800) 295-1773 (Multi-Net only)
Fax:
(972) 819-0639
E-Mail:
customerservice@efji.com
You can also e-mail a person directly if you know their first initial/last name. For example,
if John Smith is an EFJohnson Technologies employee, then his e-mail address is probably
jsmith@efji.com.
Note
Emergency 24-hour technical support is also available at the preceding numbers during
off hours, holidays, and weekends.
When your call is answered at EFJohnson Technologies, you will hear a brief message
informing you of numbers that can be entered to reach various departments. This number
may be entered during or after the message using a tone-type telephone. If you have a
pulse-type telephone, wait until the message is finished and an operator will come on the
line to assist you. When you enter some numbers, another number is requested to further
categorize the type of information you need.
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5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Returns for Repairs
Section 12 - Service Information
You may also contact the Customer Service Department by mail. Please include all
information that may be helpful in solving your problem. The mailing address is as
follows:
Customer Service Department
EFJohnson Technologies
8050 Jetstar # 175
Irving, TX 75063
12.5 Returns for Repairs
Before returning equipment for repair, contact the EFJohnson Technologies Customer
Service Department as described in the preceding section. They may be able to suggest a
solution to the problem, making return of the equipment unnecessary.
Repair service is normally available through local authorized EFJohnson Technologies
land mobile radio service centers. If local service is not available, the equipment can be
returned to the EFJohnson Technologies repair depot for repair. However, before
returning equipment, contact the Customer Service Department Repair Depot for the
correct Ship To” address.
Be sure to fill out a Factory Repair Request Form #271 for each unit to be repaired,
whether it is in or out of warranty. You can obtain it in any of three ways:
• Download it from the EFJohnson Technologies Web site’s Service & Support” section.
• Call the EFJohnson Technologies Customer Service Department and request it. See
Section 12.4.
• Request it when you send a unit in for repair.
Clearly describe the difficulty experienced in the space provided and also note any prior
physical damage to the equipment. Include this form in the shipping container with each
unit. Your telephone number and contact name are important as there are times when the
technicians may have specific questions that need to be answered to completely identify
and repair a problem.
When returning equipment for repair, it is also recommended that you use a PO number or
some other reference number on your paperwork in case you need to call the repair lab
about your unit. These numbers are referenced on the repair order and make it easier and
faster to locate your unit in the lab.
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12-3
Replacement Parts
Section 12 - Service Information
Return Authorization (RA) numbers are not necessary unless you have been given one by
the Field Service Department. RA numbers are required for exchange units or if the Field
Service Department wants to be aware of a specific problem. If you have been given an
RA number, reference this number on the Factory Repair Request Form sent with the unit.
The repair lab will then contact the Field Service Department when the unit arrives. For
additional information on factory service, the Depot Service Department can be contacted
at the following e-mail address:
depotrepair@efji.com
12.6 Replacement Parts
Replacement parts can be ordered directly from the Service Parts Department. To order
parts by phone, dial the toll-free number as described in Section 12.4. When ordering,
please supply the part number and quantity of each part ordered. EFJohnson Technologies
dealers also need to give their account number. If there is uncertainty about the part
number, include the designator (C512, for example) and the model number of the
equipment the part is from.
You may also send your order by mail or fax. The mailing address is as follows and the fax
number is shown in Section 12.4.
Service Parts Department
EFJohnson Technologies
8050 Jetstar # 175
Irving, TX 75063
12.7 Internet Home Page
EFJohnson Technologies has a site on the World Wide Web that can be accessed for
information on the company about such things as products, systems, and regulations. The
address is
http://www.EFJohnsonTechnologies.com
12-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Index
A
Accessory Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
AES Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Alert Tones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Algorithm ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Analog and Digital Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-1
ANI Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-14
Antenna Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Autodetect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-6
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Battery Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
Battery Saver Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Busy Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Busy Override . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-17
Dynamic Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
E
Emergency Alarms (Conv) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-8
Emergency Alarms (SN/SZ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-11
Emergency Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-12
Emergency Calls (Conv) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-9
Emergency Hot Mic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10, 6-13
Emergency Man-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10, 6-14
Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-1
Encryption Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Encryption Key Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-4
Encryption Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Enhanced Private Conversation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Extended Range Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
External Emergency Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10, 6-14
F
C
Call Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Call Alert (P25 Conv) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-22
Call Guard Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
Channel Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Channel Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-16
CKEK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
CKR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Clear/Secure Strapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-5
Clone Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
Combined Zone/Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Conventional Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Conversation Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
Crypto Graphic Variable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Crypto Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
CTCSS/DCS Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
F1 Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
F2 Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
F3, F4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Facility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8
Failsoft Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-14
Features
Conventional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1
Project 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17
Project 25 Trunked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 6-1
SMARTNET/SmartZone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
SmartZone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17, 11-1
FIPS 140-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-2
Five-Tone Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-15
Frequency Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-7
Front Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
G
D
Delay, Scan Resume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-10
DES-OFB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-1
Digitally Coded Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-4
Direct Channel Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-6
DTMF Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Dynamic Regrouping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-16
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Group Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-1
P25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-18
Group ID Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17
H
Home Zone Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Hot Mic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10, 6-13
Index-1
Index (continued)
I
N
Indicator
Priority Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12
Top Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Individual Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-20
Infinite Key Retention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9, 10-4
NAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Network Access Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Nuisance Channel Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
O
K
KEK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
Key Encryption Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-7
Key Erase Menu Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-5
Key ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3, 10-10
Key Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-11
Key Management Facility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-8
Keypad Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
Permanent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
Keypad Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-25
KMF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-10
KMM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-11
L
Licensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-5
Lookback Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12
Lost Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-3
Low Battery Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
M
Man-down feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-10
Master Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
MDC1200 Decode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-15
Menu Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-4
Message Number Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-11
Message Number Period (MNP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-9
Messaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-10
Messaging (Conv P25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-23
Microphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Mode
Conventional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Project 25 Conv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Project 25 Trunked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-15
SMARTNET/SmartZone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-14
Monitor Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Monitoring Before Transmitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Index-2
On-Off/Volume Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Option Button
Key Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4
Option Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4, 2-5
Alert Tones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Call Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23, 6-9
Call Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Change Keyset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-14
Channel Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5, 3-6
Clear/Secure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2, 10-14
Digital Talk Group Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Display Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4, 5-8, 5-10, 6-12, 6-13
Erase Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-14
High/Low Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Home2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Key Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4, 10-14
Keypad Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Keypad Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-25
Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23, 6-10
Monitor Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Normal/Selective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
P25 Packet Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24
Phone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21, 6-7
Priority Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Private Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4, 6-5, 6-6
Private Call (SmartNet) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4, 6-5, 6-9
Radio Wide Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Repeater Talk-Around . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
RWS List Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Scan List Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Selective Squelch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Set User Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4, 9-3
Single Tone Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Site Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Site Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18, 6-19
Squelch Select List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24, 6-10
Surveillance Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Talk Group Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Tone Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Unit Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20, 5-22
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Index (continued)
Volume Up/Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Option Switch/Menu Parameter Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Option Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Option Upgrading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Optional Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-1
OTAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-11
OTAR Messages Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-13
Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
Rekey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
Repeater Talk-Around . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Repeater Talkaround . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
RS-232 Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24
RSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
RW Scan List
Determining Channels in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
P
P25 Packet Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-24
Paging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22, 6-9
Answering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Answering (Conv P25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-22
Initiating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23, 6-9
Password
Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-3
Download/Upload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1, 9-2
Master . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1, 9-2
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-1
Power On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-1
Power-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-1
Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-2
Penalty Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
PID Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-3
Power On-Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1
Power Output Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Power Up Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1
Power-Up Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Priority Channel
Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12
Priority Sampling
Conv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-11
P25 Trunked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-15
SMARTNET/SmartZone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-15
Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-4
Project 25
Group ID Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17
Unit Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-20
Unit ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17
Project 25 Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15, 5-17
PTT ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19, 6-3
PTT Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
R
S
Scan Hold Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Scan List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Channel Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Determining Channels in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Selecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Conv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
P25 Trunked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Radio Wide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
SMARTNET/SmartZone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
SecureNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Silent Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Single Tone Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Site ID (SmartZone) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Site Locking/Unlocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Site Trunking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Slave Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
SLN Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
SMARTNET/SmartZone Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Soft Power Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Speaking Into Microphone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Squelch Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Squelch Code Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Squelch Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Standard Calls
Placing (Conv) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Receiving (Conv) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Receiving (SMARTNET) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Standard Private Conversation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Status Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24, 6-10
Surveillance Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Radio Set Identifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-11
Radio Wide Mode Scan List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
Radio Wide Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Receive Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009
Index-3
Index (continued)
T
Talkaround Enable/Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-7
TEK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Telephone Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Telephone Calls) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21, 6-7
TG on Rx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Time-Out Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
Tone Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Traffic Encryption Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-7, 10-12
Transmit Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
Transmit Disable On Busy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-3
Transmit Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-29
Transmitting in Scan Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10, 5-11
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-5
U
Unit Calls
P25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-20
Unit ID
Project 25 Conv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-17
Unit-To-Unit Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Up/Down Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
User Group ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
V
Volume Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Volume Control Disable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Volume Up/Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
W
Wireless Cloning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-16
Z
Zeroize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-12
Zone Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
Zone Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26, 9-2
Zone Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4, 3-4
Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-16
Index-4
5100 ES Models II/III Portable Radio Operating Manual April 2009