Product Manual
Constellation Serial ATA
®
ST9500530NS
ST9160511NS
100538694
Rev. D
February 2011
Revision history
Revision
Rev. A
Rev. B
Rev. C
Rev. D
Date
02/24/09
04/20/09
07-20-10
02-14-11
Sheets affected or comments
Initial release.
5, 7-9, 12-13 and 15.
Trademark revision.
6, 9 & 23.
© 2011 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved.
Publication number: 100538694, Rev. D. February 2011
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology
LLC in the United States and/or other countries. Momentus and SeaTools are either trademarks or
registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its affiliated companies in the United
States and/or other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without written permission of Seagate
Technology LLC. Call 877-PUB-TEK1(877-782-8351) to request permission.
One gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and one terabyte, or TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your
computer's operating system may use a different standard of measurement and report a lower
capacity. In addition, some of the listed capacity is used for formatting and other functions, and thus
will not be available for data storage. Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product
offerings or specifications.
Contents
1.0
Seagate Technology support services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2.0
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.1
About the Serial ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.0
Drive specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.1
Specification summary tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2
Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.2.1
LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.3
Default logical geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.4
Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.5
Physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.6
Seek time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.7
Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.8
Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.8.1
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.8.2
Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.8.3
Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.8.4
Power-management modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.9
Environmental specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.9.1
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.9.2
Temperature gradient. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.9.3
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.9.4
Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.9.5
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.9.6
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.10
Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.11
Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.12
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.12.1
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) . . . 18
3.13
Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.13.1
Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.13.2
Electromagnetic compatibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.13.3
FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3.14
Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.14.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . 20
3.14.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.15
Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.0
Configuring and mounting the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2
Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4
Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.5
Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
21
21
22
22
24
5.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1
Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3
Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.1
Identify Device command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.2
Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
25
26
27
29
33
34
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
i
ii
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
List of Figures
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Typical 5V/12V startup and operation current profile for ST9500530NS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typical 5V/12V startup and operation current profile for ST9160511NS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial ATA connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching SATA cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting dimensions—top, side and end view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
12
12
22
22
23
24
iii
1.0
Seagate Technology support services
SEAGATE ONLINE SUPPORT and SERVICES
For information regarding products and services, visit http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/about/contact_us/
Available services include:
Presales & Technical support
Global Support Services telephone numbers & business hours
Authorized Service Centers
For information regarding Warranty Support, visit
http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
For information regarding Data Recovery Services, visit http://www.i365.com
For Seagate OEM & Distribution partner portal, visit https://direct.seagate.com/portal/system
For Seagate reseller portal, visit http://spp.seagate.com
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
1
2
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
2.0
Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following Seagate
Constellation® Serial ATA model drives:
ST9500530NS
ST9160511NS
These drives provide the following key features:
• 7200 RPM spindle speed.
• High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 300 Mbytes per second).
• Perpendicular recording technology provides the drives with increased areal density.
• State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms.
• Native Command Queueing with command ordering to increase performance in demanding applications.
• Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention.
• Quiet operation.
• SeaTools diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns.
• Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting.
• Supports latching SATA cables and connectors.
• Worldwide Name (WWN) capability uniquely identifies the drive.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
3
2.1
About the Serial ATA interface
The Serial ATA interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary
advantages include:
• Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity. It is not necessary to set any jumpers or other configuration options.
• Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation.
• Scalability to higher performance levels.
In addition, Serial ATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. Serial
ATA was designed to allow you to install a Serial ATA host adapter and Serial ATA disc drive in your current
system and expect all of your existing applications to work as normal.
The Serial ATA interface connects each disc drive in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host
adapter. There is no master/slave relationship with Serial ATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0
(master) devices.
Note.
The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two
devices on separate Serial ATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and
Device 1 (slave) accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a
master/slave environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical Serial ATA
environment.
The Serial ATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide
backward compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers,
PIO and DMA data transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated.
The Serial ATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred to as the Shadow Register Block. All Serial ATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional information about how Serial ATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized
AT Attachment” specification. The specification can be downloaded from www.serialata.org.
4
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
3.0
Drive specifications
Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal
power. For convenience, the phrases the drive and this drive are used throughout this manual to indicate the
following drive models:
ST9500530NS
ST9160511NS
Product data communicated in this manual is specific only to the model numbers listed in this manual. The data
listed in this manual may not be predictive of future generation specifications or requirements. If you are
designing a system which will use one of the models listed or future generation products and need further
assistance, please contact your Field Applications Engineer (FAE) or our global support services group as
shown in Section 1.0.
3.1
Specification summary tables
The specifications listed in the following tables are for quick reference. For details on specification measurement or definition, see the appropriate section of this manual.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
5
Table 1:
Drive specification
ST9500530NS
ST9160511NS
Formatted Gbytes (512 bytes/sector)*
500
160
Guaranteed sectors
976,773,168
312,581,808
Heads
6
2
Discs
3
1
Bytes per sector
512
Default sectors per track
63
Default read/write heads
16
Default cylinders
16,383
Recording density, KBPI (kbits/in max)
1410
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg.)
200
Areal density,
6
Drive specifications summary for 500 and 160 GB models
(Gbits/in2 avg)
283
Spindle speed (RPM)
7200
Internal data transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
1136
Sustained data transfer rate OD (Mbytes/sec max)
95
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes 0–4
Multiword DMA modes 0–2
Ultra DMA modes 0–6
Cache buffer
32 Mbytes
Weight: (maximum)
196 grams (0.43 lbs)
Average latency
4.16 msec
Power-on to ready (sec max)
20 sec
Standby to ready (sec max)
6 sec
Track-to-track seek time (msec typical)
0.5 read
0.7 write
Average seek, read (msec typical)
8.0
Average seek, write (msec typical)
8.4
Startup current (typical) 12V (peak)
2.0 amps
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V ± 5%
12V ± 5%
Ambient temperature
5° to 55°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (nonoperating)
Temperature gradient (°C per hour max)
20°C (operating)
20°C (nonoperating)
Relative humidity
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (nonoperating)
Relative humidity gradient
20% per hour max
Wet bulb temperature (°C max)
37.7 (operating)
40.0 (nonoperating)
Altitude, operating
–60.96 m to 3048 m
(–200 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Altitude, nonoperating
(below mean sea level, max)
–60.96 m to 12,192 m
(–200 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
Operational Shock (max at 2 msec)
70 Gs
Non-Operational Shock (max at 2 msec)
400 Gs
Vibration, operating
5–22 Hz:
0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22–350 Hz: 0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz: 0.25 Gs
Vibration, nonoperating
5–500 Hz: 3.0 Gs
188 grams (0.41 lbs)
4 sec
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Drive specification
ST9500530NS
ST9160511NS
Active
2.6 (typical)
2.5 (typical)
Idle**
2.3 (typical)
2.1 (typical)
Drive acoustics, sound power (bels)
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 sector per 1015 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.73%
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the
following web page
:http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Motor start-stop cycles
(25°C, 50% rel. humidity)
50,000
Supports Hotplug operation per
Serial ATA Revision 2.5 specification
Yes
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
7
3.2
Formatted capacity
Model
Formatted
capacity*
Guaranteed
sectors
ST9500530NS
500 Gbytes
976,773,168
ST9160511NS
160 Gbytes
312,581,808
Bytes per sector
512
*One Gbyte equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment
and formatting.
3.2.1
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
See Section 5.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48bit addressing support of drives with capacities over 137 Gbytes.
3.3
Default logical geometry
Cylinders
Read/write heads
Sectors per track
16,383
16
63
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1,
where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
3.4
Recording and interface technology
500GB
Interface
Serial ATA (SATA)
Recording method
Perpendicular
Recording density, KBPI (kbits/inch max)
1410
Track density, KTPI (ktracks/inch avg)
200
(Gbits/inch2
283
Areal density
8
avg)
160GB
Spindle speed (RPM) (± 0.2%)
7200
Internal data transfer rate (Mbits/sec max)
1136
Sustained data transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
95
I/O data-transfer rate (Mbytes/sec max)
300 (Ultra DMA mode 5)
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
3.5
Physical characteristics
Weight: (maximum)
ST9500530NS
196 grams (0.43 lbs)
ST9160511NS
188 grams (0.41 lbs)
Cache buffer
Note.
32 Mbytes (32,768 kbytes)
Refer to Figure 5, page 23 for detailed mounting configuration dimensions.
3.6
Seek time
Seek measurements are taken with nominal power at 25°C ambient temperature. All times are measured using
drive diagnostics. The specifications in the table below are defined as follows:
• Track-to-track seek time is an average of all possible single-track seeks in both directions.
• Average seek time is a true statistical random average of at least 5,000 measurements of seeks between
random tracks, less overhead.
*Typical seek times (msec)
Read
Write
Track-to-track
0.5
0.7
Average
8.0
8.4
Full Stroke
17.4
17.9
Average latency:
4.16
*Measured in performance mode.
Note.
3.7
These drives are designed to consistently meet the seek times represented in this manual. Physical
seeks, regardless of mode (such as track-to-track and average), are expected to meet the noted
values. However, due to the manner in which these drives are formatted, benchmark tests that
include command overhead or measure logical seeks may produce results that vary from these
specifications.
Start/stop times
ST9500530NS
Power-on to Ready (sec)
20 (max)
Standby to Ready (sec)
6 (max)
Ready to spindle stop (sec)
20 (max)
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
ST9160511NS
4 (max)
9
3.8
Power specifications
The drive receives DC power (+5V or +12V) through a native SATA power connector. See Figure 4, page 22 on
page 22.
3.8.1
Power consumption
Power requirements for the drives are listed in the table on page 9. Typical power measurements are based on
an average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, using 5.0V and 12.0V input voltage at 25°C ambient
temperature.
• Spinup power
Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating
speed.
• Standby mode
During Standby mode, the drive accepts commands, but the drive is not spinning, and the servo and read/
write electronics are in power-down mode.
Table 2:
DC power requirements
Parameter
Voltage
Regulation
Average Idle Current
Advanced Idle Current
Idle_A
Idle_B
Idle_C
Standby
Average Sleep Current
Maximum Start Current:
DC (Peak DC)
AC (Peak AC)
Delayed Motor Start (DC max)
Peak Operating Current (random read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
Peak Operating Current (random write):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
Peak operating current (sequential read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
Peak operating current (sequential write):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
ST9500530NS
(1.5GB)
+5 V
+12 V
Power
+/-5%
+/-5%
(watts)
0.28
0.11
2.69
ST9500530NS
(3.0GB)
+5 V
+12 V
Power
+/-5%
+/-5%
(watts)
0.29
0.11
2.71
0.24
0.14
0.14
0.16
0.16
0.10
0.08
0.05
0.02
0.02
2.42
1.71
1.37
1.05
1.06
0.24
0.15
0.15
0.17
0.16
0.10
0.08
0.05
0.02
0.02
2.45
1.72
1.38
1.06
1.03
0.39
0.73
0.16
0.64
1.50
0.03
9.64
21.59
1.12
0.40
0.72
0.17
0.65
1.55
0.02
9.77
22.25
1.08
0.29
0.29
0.84
0.13
0.15
0.52
3.05
3.22
10.44
0.30
0.30
0.84
0.14
0.15
0.56
3.11
3.30
10.92
0.34
0.36
1.02
0.14
0.14
0.58
3.42
3.50
12.06
0.35
0.36
1.02
0.14
0.15
0.60
3.49
3.59
12.30
0.58
0.59
0.82
0.12
0.12
0.22
4.27
4.35
6.74
0.58
0.60
0.84
0.12
0.12
0.22
4.33
4.44
6.84
0.63
0.67
1.04
0.12
0.12
0.20
4.52
4.77
7.60
0.64
0.68
1.06
0.12
0.12
0.20
4.59
4.84
7.70
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
10
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Parameter
Voltage
Regulation
Average Idle Current
Advanced Idle Current
Idle_A
Idle_B
Idle_C
Standby
Average Sleep Current
Maximum Start Current:
DC (Peak DC)
AC (Peak AC)
Delayed Motor Start (DC max)
Peak Operating Current (random read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
Peak Operating Current (random write):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
Peak operating current (sequential read):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
Peak operating current (sequential write):
Typical DC
Maximum DC
Maximum DC (peak)
ST9160511NS
(1.5GB)
+5 V
+12 V
Power
+/-5%
+/-5%
(watts)
0.23
0.08
2.11
ST9160511NS
(3.0GB)
+5 V
+12 V
Power
+/-5%
+/-5%
(watts)
0.24
0.08
2.14
0.23
0.14
0.14
0.16
0.16
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0.02
2.08
1.46
1.25
1.02
0.97
0.24
0.15
0.15
0.17
0.16
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0.02
2.10
1.49
1.27
1.04
1.00
0.41
0.57
0.16
0.62
0.77
0.02
9.47
12.11
1.01
0.41
0.57
0.17
0.62
1.09
0.02
9.51
15.94
1.04
0.31
0.31
0.82
0.11
0.12
0.52
2.88
3.01
10.34
0.31
0.32
0.84
0.11
0.12
0.52
2.92
3.07
10.44
0.35
0.35
1.02
0.12
0.12
0.56
3.18
3.23
11.82
0.36
0.36
1.00
0.12
0.12
0.52
3.22
3.28
11.24
0.58
0.60
0.84
0.09
0.09
0.20
3.98
4.08
6.60
0.59
0.60
0.86
0.09
0.09
0.20
4.00
4.11
6.70
0.62
0.67
1.02
0.09
0.09
0.20
4.15
4.46
7.50
0.62
0.68
1.04
0.09
0.09
0.20
4.18
4.49
7.60
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
11
3.8.1.1
Typical current profiles
Figure 1. Typical 5V/12V startup and operation current profile for ST9500530NS
Figure 2. Typical 5V/12V startup and operation current profile for ST9160511NS
12
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
3.8.2
Conducted noise
Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 80-ohm resistive load on
the +12 volt line or an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on the +5 volt line.
• Using 12-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 120 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
• Using 5-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10 MHz.
Note. Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write
current.
3.8.3
Voltage tolerance
Voltage tolerance (including noise):
5V ±5%
12V ±5%
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
13
3.8.4
Power-management modes
PowerChoiceTM power management
Drives using the load/unload architecture provide programmable power management to tailor systems for performance and greater energy efficiency.
The table below lists the supported PowerChoice modes. The further you go down in the table, the more power
savings you get. For example, Idle_B mode results in greater power savings than Idle_A mode. Standby mode
results in the greatest power savings.
Mode
Description
Idle_A
Reduced electronics
Idle_B
Heads unloaded. Disks spinning at full RPM
Idle_C
Heads unloaded. Disks spinning at reduced RPM
Standby
Heads unloaded. Motor stopped (disks not spinning)
PowerChoice can be invoked using one of these two methods:
• Extended Power Conditions (EPC) Set Features Command method-Enable and initialize the idle condition
timers.
• Standby Immediate and Idle Immediate command method-Use the EPC Set Features Command. This allows
the host to directly transition the drive to any supported PowerChoice mode. The drive preserves the existing
idle power settings.
PowerChoice reporting methods
PowerChoiceTM provides these reporting methods for tracking purposes:
Check Power Mode Reports
• Current power condition
Power Condition Log Reports
• Idle condition enabled/disabled
• If timer is changeable
• Typical recovery time from extended power conditions
• Current timer setting and Manufacturer default timer settings
SMART Read Data Attribute - Load/ Unload Cycle Counter
14
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
3.9
Environmental specifications
3.9.1
Ambient temperature
Ambient temperature is defined as the temperature of the environment immediately surrounding the drive.
Actual drive case temperature should not exceed 60°C (140°F) within the operating ambient conditions.
Above 1,000 feet (305 meters), the maximum temperature is derated linearly to 112°F (44°C) at 10,000 feet
(3,048 meters).
Operating:
5° to 55°C (41° to 131°F)
Nonoperating:
–40° to 70°C (–40° to 158°F)
3.9.2
Temperature gradient
Operating:
20°C per hour (68°F per hour max), without condensation
Nonoperating:
20°C per hour (86°F per hour max)
3.9.3
Humidity
3.9.3.1
Relative humidity
Operating:
5% to 95% noncondensing (20% per hour max)
Nonoperating:
5% to 95% noncondensing (20% per hour max)
3.9.3.2
Wet bulb temperature
Operating:
37.7°C (99.9°F max)
Nonoperating:
40.0°C (104.0°F max)
3.9.4
Altitude
Operating:
–60.96 m to 3,048 m (–200 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Nonoperating:
–60.96 m to 12,192 m (–200 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
3.9.5
Shock
All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive
mounting screws. Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
3.9.5.1
Operating shock
These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum
operating shock of 70 Gs based on half-sine shock pulses of 2 msec. Shocks should not be repeated more
than once every 2 seconds.
3.9.5.2
Nonoperating shock
The nonoperating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation
in performance when subsequently put into operation is 400 Gs based on a nonrepetitive half-sine shock pulse
of 2 msec duration.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
15
3.9.6
Vibration
All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the
drive mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
3.9.6.1
Operating vibration
The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified in this document are specified below.
5–22 Hz
0.25 Gs (Limited displacement)
22–350 Hz
0.50 Gs
350–500 Hz
0.25 Gs
3.9.6.2
Nonoperating vibration
The maximum nonoperating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage
or degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below.
5–500 Hz
16
3.0 Gs
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
3.10
Acoustics
Drive acoustics are measured as overall A-weighted acoustic sound power levels (no pure tones). All measurements are consistent with ISO document 7779. Sound power measurements are taken under essentially
free-field conditions over a reflecting plane. For all tests, the drive is oriented with the cover facing upward.
Note. For seek mode tests, the drive is placed in seek mode only. The number of seeks per second is defined
by the following equation:
(Number of seeks per second = 0.4 / (average latency + average access time)
Table 3:
Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor acoustics
Active
Idle*
ST9500530NS
2.6 bels (typ)
2.3 bels (typ)
ST9160511NS
2.5 bels (typ)
2.1 bels (typ)
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and
power to operational levels.
3.11
Electromagnetic immunity
When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in
performance when subjected to the radio frequency (RF) environments defined in the following table:
Table 4:
Radio frequency environments
Test
Description
Performance level
Reference standard
Electrostatic
discharge
Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV
B
EN 61000-4-2: 95
Radiated RF
immunity
80 to 1,000 MHz, 3 V/m,
80% AM with 1 kHz sine
900 MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @ 200 Hz
A
EN 61000-4-3: 96
ENV 50204: 95
Electrical fast
transient
± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O
B
EN 61000-4-4: 95
Surge immunity
± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common, AC mains
B
EN 61000-4-5: 95
Conducted RF
immunity
150 kHz to 80 MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with 1 kHz sine A
EN 61000-4-6: 97
Voltage dips,
interrupts
0% open, 5 seconds
0% short, 5 seconds
40%, 0.10 seconds
70%, 0.01 seconds
EN 61000-4-11: 94
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
C
C
C
B
17
3.12
Reliability
3.12.1
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
The product shall achieve an Annualized Failure Rate - AFR - of 0.73% (Mean Time Between Failures - MTBF
- of 1.2 Million hours) when operated in an environment that ensures the HDA case temperatures do not
exceed 40°C. Operation at case temperatures outside the specifications in Section 3.9 may increase the product Annualized Failure Rate (decrease MTBF). AFR and MTBF are population statistics that are not relevant to
individual units.
AFR and MTBF specifications are based on the following assumptions for business critical storage system
environments:
• 8,760 power-on-hours per year.
• 250 average motor start/stop cycles per year.
• Operations at nominal voltages.
• Systems will provide adequate cooling to ensure the case temperatures do not exceed 40°C. Temperatures
outside the specifications in Section 3.9 will increase the product AFR and decrease MTBF.
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1015 bits read, max
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.73% (nominal power, 40°C case temperature)
Motor start-stop cycles
50,000 cycles
(at nominal voltage and temperature, with 60 cycles per hour and a 50% duty cycle)
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the
following web page
:http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide
the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase.
The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Preventive maintenance
None required.
3.13
Agency certification
3.13.1
Safety certification
The drives are recognized in accordance with UL 1950 and CSA C22.2 (950) and meet all applicable sections
of IEC950 and EN 60950 as tested by TUV North America.
3.13.2
Electromagnetic compatibility
Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/336/EEC). Testing is performed to the levels specified by the product
standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are defined by EN 55022, Class B and
the immunity levels are defined by EN 55024.
Seagate uses an independent laboratory to confirm compliance with the EC directives specified in the previous
paragraph. Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply
with the directives when used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the
directives. The drive is designed for operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O
cable (if necessary) and terminators on all unused I/O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators
should confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their products.
18
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Korean RRL
If these drives have the Korea Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of Article 11 of the Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Radio Research Laboratory (RRL) Ministry of Information
and Communication Republic of Korea.
These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMI/EMS) for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a Korean-recognized lab.
• Constellation Serial ATA
• Certificate number: STX- ST9500530NS (B)
Australian C-Tick (N176)
If these models have the C-Tick marking, they comply with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS3548
1995 and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Australian Communication Authority (ACA).
3.13.3
FCC verification
These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached
as an external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually marketed to the customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or certification
of the device is required.
Seagate Technology LLC has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total
assembly (enclosure, disc drive, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B
computing device, pursuant to Subpart J, Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation with noncertified assemblies is
likely to result in interference to radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio
and television reception.
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment
does cause interference to radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off,
you are encouraged to try one or more of the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission:
How to Identify and Resolve Radio-Television Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication number 004-000-00345-4.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
19
3.14
Environmental protection
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations
restricting certain chemical substances.
3.14.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
The European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, restricts the presence of chemical substances, including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Hexavalent Chromium, PBB and PBDE, in electronic products, effective July 2006. This drive is manufactured with components and materials that comply with the RoHS
Directive.
3.14.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 中国限制危险物品的指令
This product has an Environmental Protection Use Period (EPUP) of 20 years. The following
table contains information mandated by China's "Marking Requirements for Control of Pollution
Caused by Electronic Information Products" Standard.
"O" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is lower
than the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
O"表示该部件(于同类物品程度上)所含的危险和有毒物质低于中国RoHS MCV标准所定义的门槛值。
"X" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is over
the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
X "表示该部件(于同类物品程度上)所含的危险和有毒物质超出中国RoHS MCV标准所定义的门槛值。
3.15
Corrosive environment
Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to
light industrial environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM
B845. However, this accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment. Users
should use caution exposing any electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive
chemicals as electronic drive component reliability can be affected by the installation environment. The silver,
copper, nickel and gold films used in Seagate products are especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide, chloride, and nitrate contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In addition, electronic components
should never be exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) or
exposed to an ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such as vulcanized rubber, that can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any
electronic equipment may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives.
20
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
4.0
Configuring and mounting the drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive.
4.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions
After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution:
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground yourself frequently by touching the metal
chassis of a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire
installation procedure.
• Handle the drive by its edges or frame only.
• The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids
the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are
used to seal out dirt and contamination.
4.2
Configuring the drive
Each drive on the Serial ATA interface connects point-to-point with the Serial ATA host adapter. There is no
master/slave relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point relationship. If two
drives are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they
were both “masters” on two separate ports. Both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices.
Serial ATA drives are designed for easy installation. It is usually not necessary to set any jumpers on the drive
for proper operation; however, if you connect the drive and receive a “drive not detected” error, your SATAequipped motherboard or host adapter may use a chipset that does not support SATA speed autonegotiation. If
you have a motherboard or host adapter that does not support autonegotiation:
• Install a jumper as shown in Figure 3, page 22 below to limit the data transfer rate to 1.5 Gbits per second
(and leave the drive connected to the SATA-equipped motherboard or host adapter that doesn’t support
autonegotiation) or
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
21
• Install a SATA host adapter that supports autonegotiation, leave the drive jumper block set to “Normal
operation” (see Figure 3, page 22 below), and connect the drive to that adapter. This option has the benefit of
not limiting the drive to a 1.5 Gbits/sec transfer rate.
3.0 Gbits per second operation
Limit data transfer rate to
1.5 Gbits per second
Jumper block
SATA power connector
SATA interface connector
Figure 3. Serial ATA connectors
4.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors
The Serial ATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections. The cable size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 inches). See Table 5
for connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to the drive or host.
For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the host receptacle. The drive
and the host receptacle incorporate features that enable the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind
mateable.
For installations which require cables, you can connect the drive as illustrated in Figure 4, page 22.
Signal connector
Power connector
Signal cable
Power cable
Figure 4. Attaching SATA cabling
Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation. Constellation Serial ATA drives support latching SATA connectors.
4.4
Drive mounting
You can mount the drive in any orientation using four screws in the side-mounting holes or four screws in the
bottom-mounting holes. See Figure 5, page 23 for drive mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting precautions when mounting the drive:
• Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 inches (0.76 mm) around the entire perimeter of the drive for cooling as
a guideline. Please refer to Section 4.5 for final cooling requirements.
• Use only M3 x 0.5 metric mounting screws.
• Four (4) threads (0.080 inches) minimum screw engagement recommended. Also ensure maximum screw
length does not bottom out in mounting holes.
• Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 4.5 inch-lb, ± 0.45 in-lb).
22
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Note.
These dimensions conform to the Small Form Factor Standard documented in SFF-8201 and
SFF-8223, found at www.sffcommittee.org.
in
mm
in
mm
in
mm
Figure 5. Mounting dimensions—top, side and end view
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
23
4.5
Cooling
Cabinet cooling must be designed by the customer so that the ambient temperature immediately surrounding
the drive will not exceed temperature conditions specified in Section 3.9.1, "Ambient temperature."
The rack, cabinet, or drawer environment for the drive must provide heat removal from the electronics and
head and disc assembly (HDA). You should confirm that adequate heat removal is provided using the temperature measurement guidelines described in Section 3.9.1.
Forced air flow may be required to keep temperatures at or below the temperatures specified in Section 3.9.1
in which case the drive should be oriented, or air flow directed, so that the least amount of air flow resistance is
created while providing air flow to the electronics and HDA. Also, the shortest possible path between the air
inlet and exit should be chosen to minimize the travel length of air heated by the drive and other heat sources
within the rack, cabinet, or drawer environment.
If forced air is determined to be necessary, possible air-flow patterns are shown in Figure 6, page 24. The airflow patterns are created by one or more fans, either forcing or drawing air as shown in the illustrations. Conduction, convection, or other forced air-flow patterns are acceptable as long as the temperature measurement
guidelines of Section 3.9.1 are met.
Above unit
Note. Air flows in the direction shown (back to front)
or in reverse direction (front to back)
Under unit
Above unit
Note. Air flows in the direction shown or
in reverse direction (side to side)
Under unit
Figure 6. Air flow
24
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
5.0
Serial ATA (SATA) interface
These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA
programmed input/output (PIO) modes 0–4; multiword DMA modes 0–2, and Ultra DMA modes 0–6.
For detailed information about the Serial ATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT
Attachment” specification.
5.1
Hot-Plug compatibility
Constellation Serial ATA drives incorporate connectors which enable you to hot plug these drives in accordance with the Serial ATA II: Extension to Serial ATA 1.0a specification. This specification can be downloaded
from www.serialata.org.
Caution:
The drive motor must come to a complete stop (Ready to spindle stop time indicated in Section 3.7)
prior to changing the plane of operation. This time is required to insure data integrity.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
25
5.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions
Table 5 summarizes the signals on the Serial ATA interface and power connectors.
Table 5:
Segment
Signal
Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Pin
Function
Definition
S1
Ground
2nd mate
S2
A+
Differential signal pair A from Phy
S3
A-
S4
Ground
2nd mate
S5
B-
Differential signal pair B from Phy
S6
B+
S7
Ground
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power segments
Power
P1
V33
3.3V power
P2
V33
3.3V power
P3
V33
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P4
Ground
1st mate
P5
Ground
2nd mate
P6
Ground
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V power
P9
V5
5V power
P10
Ground
2nd mate
P11
Ground or LED signal
If grounded, drive does not use deferred spin
P12
Ground
1st mate.
P13
V12
12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P14
V12
12V power
P15
V12
12V power
Notes:
1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (0.050”) pitch.
2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this
case, the mating sequences are:
• the ground pins P4 and P12.
• the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins.
• the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when
installed in a blind-mate backplane configuration.
4. All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated.
26
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
5.3
Supported ATA commands
The following table lists Serial ATA standard commands that the drive supports. For a detailed description of
the ATA commands, refer to the Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment specification. See
“S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 34.for details and subcommands used in the S.M.A.R.T. implementation.
Table 6:
Supported ATA commands
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Check Power Mode
E5H
Device Configuration Freeze Lock
B1H / C1H
Device Configuration Identify
B1H / C2H
Device Configuration Restore
B1H / C0H
Device Configuration Set
B1H / C3H
Device Reset
08H
Download Microcode
92H
Execute Device Diagnostics
90H
Flush Cache
E7H
Flush Cache Extended
EAH
Format Track
50H
Identify Device
ECH
Idle
E3H
Idle Immediate
E1H
Initialize Device Parameters
91H
Read Buffer
E4H
Read DMA
C8H
Read DMA Extended
25H
Read DMA Without Retries
C9H
Read Log Ext
2FH
Read Multiple
C4H
Read Multiple Extended
29H
Read Native Max Address
F8H
Read Native Max Address Extended
27H
Read Sectors
20H
Read Sectors Extended
24H
Read Sectors Without Retries
21H
Read Verify Sectors
40H
Read Verify Sectors Extended
42H
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries
41H
Recalibrate
10H
Security Disable Password
F6H
Security Erase Prepare
F3H
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
27
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Security Erase Unit
F4H
Security Freeze
F5H
Security Set Password
F1H
Security Unlock
F2H
Seek
70H
Set Features
EFH
Set Max Address
F9H
Note: Individual Set Max Address
commands are identified by the value
placed in the Set Max Features register as defined to the right.
Address:
Password:
Lock:
Unlock:
Freeze Lock:
Set Max Address Extended
37H
Set Multiple Mode
C6H
Sleep
E6H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
B0H / D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave
B0H / D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
B0H / D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline
B0H / D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
B0H / D1H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
B0H / D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
B0H / D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
B0H / DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
B0H / D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
B0H / D6H
Standby
E2H
Standby Immediate
E0H
Write Buffer
E8H
Write DMA
CAH
Write DMA Extended
35H
Write DMA FUA Extended
CDH
Write DMA Without Retries
CBH
Write Log Extended
3FH
Write Multiple
C5H
Write Multiple Extended
39H
Write Multiple FUA Extended
CEH
Write Sectors
30H
Write Sectors Without Retries
31H
Write Sectors Extended
34H
28
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
5.3.1
Identify Device command
The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following
power up. The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown in Table 6 on
page 27. All reserved bits or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or
vary with the state of the drive. See Section 3.0 on page 5 for default parameter settings.
The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the Serial ATA
specification.
Word
Description
Value
0C5AH
0
Configuration information:
• Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI
• Bit 7: removable media
• Bit 6: removable controller
• Bit 0: reserved
1
Number of logical cylinders
16,383
2
ATA-reserved
0000H
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Retired
0000H
5
Retired
0000H
6
Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63
003FH
7–9
Retired
0000H
10–19
Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none)
ASCII
20
Retired
0000H
21
Retired
0400H
22
Obsolete
0000H
23–26
Firmware revision (8 ASCII character string, padded with blanks to
end of string)
x.xx
27–46
Drive model number: (40 ASCII characters, padded with blanks to
end of string)
47
(Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read multiple and Write
multiple (16)
8010H
48
Reserved
0000H
49
Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may be disabled
2F00H
50
ATA-reserved
0000H
51
PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode
0200H
52
Retired
0200H
53
Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid
0007H
54
Number of current logical cylinders
xxxxH
55
Number of current logical heads
xxxxH
56
Number of current logical sectors per logical track
xxxxH
57–58
Current capacity in sectors
xxxxH
59
Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple or Write Multiple command
xxxxH
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
29
Word
Description
Value
60–61
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available
(see Section 3.2 for related information)
*Note: The maximum value allowed in this field is: 0FFFFFFFh
(268,435,455 sectors, 137 Gbytes). Drives with capacities over 137
Gbytes will have 0FFFFFFFh in this field and the actual number of
user-addressable LBAs specified in words 100-103. This is required
for drives that support the 48-bit addressing feature.
0FFFFFFFh*
62
Retired
0000H
63
Multiword DMA active and modes supported (see note following this
table)
xx07H
64
Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4 supported)
0003H
65
Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 nsec)
0078H
66
Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120
nsec)
0078H
67
Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control (240 nsec)
00F0H
68
Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120 nsec)
0078H
69–74
ATA-reserved
0000H
75
Queue depth
0000H
76
Serial ATA capabilities
xxxxH
77
Reserved for future Serial ATA definition
xxxxH
78
Serial ATA features supported
xxxxH
79
Serial ATA features enabled
xxxxH
80
Major version number
003EH
81
Minor version number
0000H
82
Command sets supported
364BH
83
Command sets supported
7C03H
84
Command sets support extension (see note following this table)
4003H See Word 108-111 note.
(4003H = 0100000000000011
binary)
85
Command sets enabled
30xxH
86
Command sets enabled
0001H
87
Command sets enable extension
4000H
88
Ultra DMA support and current mode (see note following this table)
xx3FH
89
Security erase time
0000H
90
Enhanced security erase time
0000H
92
Master password revision code
FFFEH
93
Hardware reset value
xxxxH
95–99
ATA-reserved
0000H
100–103
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available (see Section 3.2 for related information). These words are required for drives
that support the 48-bit addressing feature. Maximum value:
0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh.
500 GB models =
160 GB models =
ATA-reserved
0000H
104–107
30
976,773,168
312,581,808
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Word
Description
Value
108–111
The mandatory value of the world wide name (WWN) for the drive.
NOTE: This field is valid if word 84, bit 8 is set to 1 indicating 64-bit
WWN support.
Each drive will have a unique
value.
112–127
ATA-reserved
0000H
128
Security status
0001H
129–159
Seagate-reserved
xxxxH
160–254
ATA-reserved
0000H
255
Integrity word
xxA5H
Note.
See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 84, and 88 of the Identify Drive data.
Description (if bit is set to 1)
Bit
Word 63
0
Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported.
8
Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active.
Bit
Word 84
0
SMART error logging is supported.
1
SMART self-test is supported.
2
Media serial number is supported.
3
Media Card Pass Through Command feature set is supported.
4
Streaming feature set is supported.
5
GPL feature set is supported.
6
WRITE DMA FUA EXT and WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT commands are supported.
7
WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT command is supported.
8
64-bit World Wide Name is supported.
9-10
Obsolete.
11-12
Reserved for TLC.
13
IDLE IMMEDIATE command with IUNLOAD feature is supported.
14
Shall be set to 1.
15
Shall be cleared to 0.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
31
32
Bit
Word 88
0
Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported.
3
Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported.
4
Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported.
5
Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported.
6
Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported.
8
Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active.
11
Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active.
12
Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active.
13
Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active.
14
Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
5.3.2
Set Features command
This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives
this command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If the value in the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted.
Power-on default has the read look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the
Features register are defined as follows:
Table 7:
Set Features command values
02H
Enable write cache (default).
03H
Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register).
Sector Count register values:
00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2).
01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2).
08H PIO mode 0
09H PIO mode 1
0AH PIO mode 2
0BH PIO mode 3
0CH PIO mode 4 (default)
20H Multiword DMA mode 0
21H Multiword DMA mode 1
22H Multiword DMA mode 2
40H Ultra DMA mode 0
41H Ultra DMA mode 1
42H Ultra DMA mode 2
43H Ultra DMA mode 3
44H Ultra DMA mode 4
45H Ultra DMA mode 5
46H Ultra DMA mode 6
10H
Enable use of SATA features
55H
Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature.
82H
Disable write cache
90H
Disable use of SATA features
AAH
Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default).
F1H
Report full capacity available
Note.
At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as indicated above.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
33
5.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands
S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disc drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines
that a failure is likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable.
S.M.A.R.T. predictability is limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T.
commands and implementation, see the Draft ATA-5 Standard.
SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4H) that eliminates unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at:
http://seatools.seagate.com.
This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. You must have a recent BIOS or software package that
supports S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the
drive uses.
Table 8:
S.M.A.R.T. commands
Code in features register
S.M.A.R.T. command
D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST)
D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
D6H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
Note.
34
If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the command is aborted and 0x 04
(abort) is written to the Error register.
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Index
A
ACA 19
acceleration 16
acoustics 17
Agency certification 18
altitude 15
Ambient temperature 15
ambient temperature 9, 10
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 18
areal density 3, 8
ATA commands 27
Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS3548 1995
19
Australian Communication Authority (ACA) 19
Australian C-Tick 19
Average latency 9
Average seek time 9
B
BPI 8
buffer 9
C
cables and connectors 22
cache 9
capacity 8
case temperature 15
CE mark 18
certification 18
Check Power Mode 27
China RoHS directive 20
Class B computing device 19
compatibility 18
Conducted noise 13
Conducted RF immunity 17
Configuring the drive 21
connectors 22
Corrosive environment 20
CSA C22.2 (950) 18
cycles 18
Cylinders 8
D
data-transfer rates 3
DC power 10
Default logical geometry 8
density 8
Device Configuration Freeze Lock 27
Device Configuration Identify 27
Device Configuration Restore 27
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Device Configuration Set 27
Device Reset 27
dimensions 9, 23
Download Microcode 27
E
Electrical fast transient 17
Electromagnetic compatibility 18
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 19
Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation 19
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/336/EEC)
18
Electromagnetic immunity 17
Electrostatic discharge 17
electrostatic discharge (ESD) 21
EN 55022, Class B 18
EN 55024 18
EN 60950 18
Environmental specifications 15
error-correction algorithms 3
errors 18
ESD 21
EU 18
EU RoHS directive 20
European Union (EU) requirements 18
Execute Device Diagnostics 27
F
FCC verification 19
features 3
Federal Communications Commission 19
Flush Cache 27
Flush Cache Extended 27
Format Track 27
Formatted capacity 8
G
geometry 8
Gs 16
guaranteed sectors 8
H
Handling precautions 21
heads 8
humidity 15
I
I/O data-transfer rate 8
Identify Device 27
Identify Device command 29
Idle 27
Idle Immediate 27
IEC950 18
35
Information Technology Equipment (ITE) 18
Initialize Device Parameters 27
Input noise ripple 13
input voltage 10
interface 8, 25
internal data-transfer rate OD 8
is 9
ISO document 7779 17
ITE 18
K
Korea Ministry of Information and Communication
(MIC) 19
Korean RRL 19
L
latency 9
LBA mode 8
logical geometry 8
M
maintenance 18
master/slave 4
maximum temperature 15
MIC 19
mounting 22
mounting configuration 9
mounting screws 15
mounting the drive 21
N
noise 13
nominal power 9
Nonoperating shock 15
Nonoperating vibration 16
Nonrecoverable read errors 18
O
Operating shock 15
Operating vibration 16
P
Physical characteristics 9
point-to-point 4, 21
Power consumption 10
Power specifications 10
Power-management modes 14
Power-on to Ready 9
precautions 21
printed circuit board 21
36
Q
quick reference 5
R
Radiated RF immunity 17
Radio and television interference 19
radio frequency (RF) 17
Read Buffer 27
Read DMA 27
Read DMA Extended 27
Read DMA without Retries 27
read errors 18
Read Log Ext 27
Read Multiple 27
Read Multiple Extended 27
Read Native Max Address 27
Read Native Max Address Extended 27
Read Sectors 27
Read Sectors Extended 27
Read Sectors Without Retries 27
Read Verify Sectors 27
Read Verify Sectors Extended 27
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries 27
Read/write heads 8
Recalibrate 27
recording density 8
recording method 8
Recording technology 8
relative humidity 15
Reliability 18
RF 17
RMS read/write current 13
RoHS 20
RRL 19
S
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations 28
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations 28
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave 28
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline 28
S.M.A.R.T. implementation 27
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds 28
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data 28
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector 28
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status 28
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values 28
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log sector 28
Safety certification 18
SATA 25
screws 15
sectors 8
Sectors per track 8
Security Disable Password 27
Security Erase Prepare 27
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Security Erase Unit 28
Security Freeze 28
Security Set Password 28
Security Unlock 28
Seek 28
Seek time 9
Serial ATA (SATA) interface 25
serial ATA ports 4
Set Features 28
Set Max Address 28
Set Max Address Extended 28
Set Multiple Mode 28
Shock 15
single-track seeks 9
Sleep 28
sound 17
Specification summary table 5
spindle speed 8
Spinup power 10
Standby 28
Standby Immediate 28
Standby mode 10
Standby to Ready 9
Start/stop times 9
start-stop cycles 18
static-discharge 21
support services 1
Surge immunity 17
Write DMA FUA Extended 28
Write DMA Without Retries 28
Write Log Extended 28
Write Multiple 28
Write Multiple Extended 28
Write Multiple FUA Extended 28
Write Sectors 28
Write Sectors Extended 28
Write Sectors Without Retries 28
T
technical support services 1
temperature 9, 15
temperature gradient 15
track density 8
Track-to-track 9
Track-to-track seek time 9
TUV North America 18
U
UL 1950 18
V
Vibration 16
voltage 10
Voltage dips, interrupts 17
Voltage tolerance 13
W
weight 9
wet bulb temperature 15
Write Buffer 28
Write DMA 28
Write DMA Extended 28
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
37
38
Constellation Serial ATA Product Manual, Rev. D
Seagate Technology LLC
920 Disc Drive, Scotts Valley, California 95066-4544, USA
Publication Number: 100538694, Rev. D