User’s and installer’s Manual
Sine wave Inverter, Battery charger, Transfersystem
COMPACT - C 1600-12
COMPACT - C 2600-24
COMPACT - C 4000-48
Temperature sensor CT-35
Remote control RCC-01
Solar charge regulator Cxxxx-S
Remote control - Power sharing RPS-01
AC cable cover CFC-01
IP-23 top cover C-IP23
STUDER INNOTEC
Rue des Casernes 57
CH – 1950 Sion
TEL : ++41 (0)27 205 60 80
FAX : ++41 (0)27 205 60 88
E-MAIL : info@studer-innotec.com
STUDER Innotec
COMPACT
English description .................................................................................................................. 5
1
General Information......................................................................................... 5
1.1
Operating instructions ........................................................................................ 5
1.2
Quality and Warranty ......................................................................................... 5
1.3
Warranty Disclaimer........................................................................................... 5
1.4
Liability Disclaimer.............................................................................................. 6
1.5
Warning ................................................................................................................ 6
1.6
Special precautions ............................................................................................ 6
2
Introduction........................................................................................................ 7
2.1
Principle schematic ............................................................................................ 7
2.2
Description of the main functions..................................................................... 8
2.3
Battery connecting.............................................................................................. 9
3
Mounting and installing ................................................................................ 10
3.1
Installation place ............................................................................................... 10
3.2
Fixing .................................................................................................................. 10
3.3
Connections....................................................................................................... 10
3.4
Connection Plan................................................................................................ 12
3.5
Cabling ............................................................................................................... 13
3.6
Pre-installation settings.................................................................................... 13
4
Control............................................................................................................... 15
4.1
Display and control parameters...................................................................... 15
4.2
Light Emitting Diodes (LED)............................................................................ 16
4.3
Push buttons...................................................................................................... 17
4.4
Turning Knobs................................................................................................... 17
4.5
The Inverter ....................................................................................................... 17
4.6
The battery charger .......................................................................................... 19
4.7
The Transfer system ........................................................................................ 21
4.8
The Solar charge controller (option) .............................................................. 22
4.9
The Multifunctional Contact ............................................................................ 23
4.10 The Remote Control RCC-01 ......................................................................... 23
4.11 The Temperature sensor CT-35..................................................................... 24
4.12 Remote control for „Power Sharing“ RPS-01............................................... 24
5
Programming................................................................................................... 25
5.1
Standard setting................................................................................................ 25
5.2
Reset value (default settings) ......................................................................... 25
5.3
Battery voltages and absorption time ............................................................ 25
5.4
Auxiliary contact................................................................................................ 26
5.5
Disabling some of the HP-COMPACT functions ......................................... 28
6
Installation Maintenance .............................................................................. 29
7
Declaration of CE Compliance.................................................................... 29
8
Technical Data................................................................................................. 30
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COMPACT
English description
1
General Information
1.1
Operating instructions
This manual is part of the delivery package of every COMPACT inverter-charger. It
serves as guidelines for safe and efficient operation of COMPACT. The instructions
are only valid for use with the following devices and options:
COMPACT C 1600-12
COMPACT C 2600-24
COMPACT C 4000-48
Temperature sensor CT-35
Remote Control RCC-01
Power sharing remote control RPS-01
AC cable cover CFC-01
IP23 cover C-IP23
Solar charge controller CxxxxS
Every person who installs a COMPACT and/or works with it must be fully familiar with
the content of this manual and must follow exactly all the warning and safety
instructions. Installation of or any work on the COMPACT must be carried out by a
skilled and trained personnel. Installation and application must comply with the
respective local installations codes and safety regulations.
1.2
Quality and Warranty
During production and assembling, all COMPACT appliances go through many
controls and tests. Production, controls and tests are carried out in accordance with
firm and established procedures. Every COMPACT has its own serial number, which
helps to refer back to its original data in the event of controls or repairs. That is why
you should never remove the identification plate showing the serial number. The
production assembly and tests on all COMPACT appliances are totally carried out in
our company in Sion, Switzerland. The warranty for these appliances is valid for uses
and operating possibilities mentioned in this manual.
The warranty period for the COMPACT is 2 years.
1.3
Warranty Disclaimer
We do not accept any liability for any damages occurring through use, manipulation,
working situation and handling, which are not explicitly mentioned in these operating
instructions.
Following cases are not covered by the warranty:
−
−
−
−
−
−
High voltage at INPUT (i.e. 48V at the Battery INPUT of COMPACT 1600-12)
Reverse polarity on Battery connections (+/- reversed)
Running liquid or oxidation through condensation in the appliance
Defects caused by force, physical or mechanical means
Changes not explicitly authorized by STUDER INNOTEC
Not or only partly tightened screws and nuts after change of fuses or cables
connecting
− Transport damage, i.e. through bad handling and /or packing
− Damage from atmospheric over voltage (lightning)
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1.4
COMPACT
Liability Disclaimer
Respecting this manual, servicing and method of installation, functioning, application
and maintenance of the appliance can not be controlled or supervised by STUDER
INNOTEC. Hence we do not accept any liability and responsibility for damages,
losses and costs which result through the use of this appliance or which result
through incorrect installation, incorrect operation or wrong application and
maintenance, or which by some other means maybe connected to each other.
The use of STUDER INNOTEC’s inverters does exclusively involve the user’s
liability.
This device is not designed for applications involving health care and medical
treatments where the patient life is concerned and where any mishap may be lethal.
Similarly, we do not accept any liability for any violation of the patents rights or
violation of any third party’s rights resulting from the use of this appliance
STUDER INNOTEC reserves the right to modify the technical data or these operating
instructions without any prior notice.
1.5
Warning
This manual must be readily available for the user at any time. The user must be
familiar with the precautions and safety aspects in the country of installation.
During operation of COMPACT, high voltages are generated at the connections and
inside of the appliance which could be lethal. Work on the appliance and on the
installation should only be carried out by skilled and trained people.
The whole installation connected with the COMPACT must comply with the rules and
codes in force.
People without the written authorization from STUDER INNOTEC are strictly
forbidden to carry out any change or repair on the appliances. For authorized
changes only original parts are to be used.
The COMPACT may only be used when it has been installed in accordance with
these instructions and all parts have been correctly assembled and installed.
The COMPACT may only be connected to lead-acid or lead-gel batteries.
Caution: Even when a COMPACT has been disconnected from all connections,
at the OUTPUT point there could still be deadly voltages present. To remove
these voltages you must switch on the COMPACT ON with the ON/OFF switch.
After one minute the electronics are discharged and any work can now be
safely carried out.
The COMPACT is only suitable for internal use and under no circumstances should it
be subjected to snow, rain, or any other wet conditions.
By installations in motorized vehicles the COMPACT must be protected from waterspray and any other wet conditions.
Caution: In normal use lead-acid and lead-gel batteries give out explosive
gases. Never smoke or allow a spark or flame in the vicinity of batteries. The
batteries must always be stored or placed in a well ventilated room, they
should be placed in such a way that there is no danger of short-circuit through
carelessness. Never charge frozen batteries.
1.6
Special precautions
− While working on batteries there should always be a second person close to you
or within your voice range, in case help is needed.
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− Plenty of fresh water and soap must be ready at hand so that in case of acid
coming in contact with skin, eyes and clothes, the areas in question can be
thoroughly washed.
− If acid enters the eyes, you must thoroughly wash them with cold running water
for at least 15 minutes. It is recommended that you immediately consult a
medical doctor.
− Baking powder neutralizes battery acid electrolyte. Always keep some at hand.
− Special care must be taken when working with metal tools near or on the
batteries. With tools such as screwdrivers, spanners etc. short-circuits can
result. Sparks produced by the short circuit can cause an explosion.
− When working on batteries all personal metal items such as rings, necklaces
and bracelets must be removed. Batteries are so powerful that short-circuit with
these items can melt them and thus cause severe burns. Always follow the
battery manufacturer instructions.
− Under certain conditions COMPACT or a connected generator can start
automatically. While working on an electrical installation you must ensure that
these appliances are disconnected beforehand from the installation.
2
Introduction
The COMPACT is a sine wave inverter with integrated battery charger with many
additional functions, it has been developed to be used as stand-alone (no gridfeeding) AC provider, or as continuous / break-free current supply provider (UPS).
2.1
Principle schematic
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Notes:
(1) The neutral of the appliance is not connected to the earth whatever the
function mode is. If requested and according to the local regulation, an automatic
connection between Neutral and earth in inverter mode only may be done by
installing a bridge internally to the unit. Please contact your installer regarding this
point.
(2) Remote control for remote adjustment of the input limit. (see chap. 4.6.3)
2.2
Description of the main functions
2.2.1 The inverter
The sine wave inverter COMPACT generates a sinusoidal AC voltage with an
exceptionally precise voltage and stabilized frequency. In order to start large electric
motors, the user has the possibility to use a short surge power which is 3 times the
nominal power of the COMPACT.
The inverter is protected against overload and short circuit. A power stage with the
latest MOS-FET power transistors, a toroidal transformer, and a fast regulating
system makes a robust and reliable inverter with the highest efficiency. A 1-20 Watt
adjustable charge detection system allows the smallest energy consumption and
ensures a long life for the battery.
2.2.2 The transfer system
COMPACT can be connected to an AC source. For example a stand-by emergency
generator or the AC network. With the transfer system, on one side you have an
alternating voltage at the output for the use of consumer appliances. On the other
side the battery park is being charged. The distribution of energy between the
consumer appliances and battery charger is automatic.
2.2.3 The battery charger
The built-in battery charger is so designed that it can charge the battery quickly and
fully. A microprocessor controlled, Step charging process, ensures the optimal
charging of the battery. The desired charging current can be set continuously from 0
to 50/55 A, as per the model. The setting is made accordingly to the battery capacity
and power available.
The battery charger is designed for lead-acid and lead-gel batteries. Thanks to the
floating charge system the batteries can remain continuously connected.
2.2.4 The solar charge controller (optional)
With the built-in solar charge controller, the COMPACT is a complete solar-powercenter. In a solar installation this controller ensures that the batteries are charged
correctly. With the COMPACT, batteries can be charged with a generator and with
the solar modules at the same time. The charging of batteries with both energy
sources is carried out fully automatically.
2.2.5 Remote control
As an option, a remote control RCC-01 can be connected to COMPACT. All
operating features and displays, save the adjustment levels (22/23/24/26), are
available on the re-mote control. It is supplied with a 20m long cable. This cable can
be up to 40m long. On the remote control, output power and charging current are
also displayed.
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2.2.6 Remote control for Power Sharing
This remote control RPS-01 can be connected to the COMPACT in the dedicated
plug. The maximum current available from the energy source can be adjusted by the
turning button.
2.3
Battery connecting
Lead-acid batteries are normally available in blocks of 2V, 6V or 12V. In most cases,
to generate the necessary operating voltage and the capacity of the batteries for the
COMPACT many batteries have to be connected together in parallel and or in series.
Here are 3 examples of connection:
2.3.1 Connection in parallel
2.3.2
Serial connection
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2.3.3 Serial and parallel connection
3
Mounting and installing
3.1
Installation place
The location of the COMPACT must be driven by the following criteria:
− Protection from unauthorized handling
− Dry dust free room, no condensation
− Never install directly over the battery and never in a cabinet together with the
batteries
− Keep ventilation holes free
− In mobile installations it is important to keep the vibrations down as low as
possible
3.2
Fixing
3.2.1 Fixing the COMPACT
Basically the COMPACT can be installed in any desired location. Preferred is that the
appliance be wall mounted with battery cables downwards. The COMPACT is fixed
on the wall with four screws through the four holes (diameter 5.5mm) which are
accessible from the outside. In motor vehicles COMPACT must be fixed on vibrations
reducing elements. The COMPACT must not be fixed on a combustible base, as the
back of the casing can get hot and reach up to 80 degree Celsius.
3.2.2 Protection cover IP-23
This cover IP23 (Order ref. CIP-23) can be easily
installed after the fixation of the COMPACT. For that
release a little the too screws down and more the tow up.
Then it’s possible to pass the IP 23 cover between the
COMPACT and the wall. The cover must touch the
screws. Lock on the four screws, it’s ready.
3.3
Connections
3.3.1 General instructions on connecting
− The cable connection on the terminals AC INPUT / AC OUTPUT / 16A 230VAC
are carried out with a screwdriver Nr.1 and the connection on the SOLAR
terminal with a screwdriver Nr.2.
− The conductor cross section on the terminals AC INPUT / AC OUTPUT / 16A
230VAC of the connecting cable must be minimum 2.5mm2.
− All connecting cables and also the mounted battery cables, must be fixed with
strain relief clamps.
− The COMPACT is delivered with battery cables already connected.
− The battery cables must never be extended. If the extension is unavoidable then
the conductor cross section must be elevated accordingly.
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COMPACT
− To protect the battery cable, a fuse corresponding to the conductor cross
section must be fixed directly on to the battery.
− All cables must be tightly screwed in place. For safety, a yearly control is
recommended. In mobile installations control must be carried out more often.
− Connecting must be done by qualified personnel. Material such as cable,
connectors and distribution boxes, fuses etc. used in the installation must
comply with the respective valid low-voltage
installation rules and regulations.
3.3.2 Protection cover of the terminals connections
The protection is available as an option (Order ref.
CFC-01) and avoid to do wrong hazardous connection
on the terminals 230Vac. It mounted with strain relief
clamps for the cable.
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3.4
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
O
COMPACT
Connection Plan
Battery +/SOLAR +/Remote contr.
Equalize
Transfer delay
Temp.
Aux. Contact
AC Input
Battery cable (already installed)
Connection terminal for Solar modules
Connection terminal for Remote Control RCC-01
Slide switch for equalization of the Battery
Slide switch for Transfer Delay
Connection terminal for Temperature sensor CT-35
Connection terminal for Auxiliary Contact
Connection terminal for AC-input. Located directly
above this terminal is the automatic safety cut-out for
this terminal.
ID Plate
Identification plate with Technical data and Serial
number
AC Output
Connection terminal for AC-output
Caution…
Caution: Check Polarity (+/-) before connecting the
battery !
Don’t…
Do not open without disconnecting all terminals
16A Protection
16A Protection switch for the Transfer system
Remote Power Sharing Input current repartition
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3.5
COMPACT
Cabling
Connecting the COMPACT is a very important step of the installation. You must take
care that all connection work is carried out in a clean and correct way and that under
no circumstance a cable is connected to a wrong terminal.
Connecting of the COMPACT must be carried out in the following order. In case of
dismantling this order must be reversed.
3.6
Pre-installation settings
Before you start with the cabling of the COMPACT you must set the type of battery.
In case sealed-gel batteries are used then you must set the small slide-switch
„Equalize“ which is on the front with the connection terminals, in OFF position. In
case of „normal“ lead-acid – batteries, these can handle a higher equalizing charge,
the same slide switch can be set in ON position. In case of doubt leave the setting in
OFF position.
This will allow an equalizing cycle (higher end of charge voltage) during the next
charge process. Since then equalizing will occur every 25 usual cycles.
3.6.1 Connection to battery
Get the batteries ready for connection: Matching battery terminals, matching fuse on
a clamp. Prepare battery cables, if necessary press on cable tabs/shoes. Connect
red cable on Plus (+)-Pole and the black cable on the Minus (-) Pole. On connecting
the second cable to the battery pole a spark is produced, because for a short time
high current flows in the COMPACT to charge the capacitors. For this reason follow
strictly the safety measures described in this manual. Check if the red LED OFF (13)
is lit. If it is not lit, press shortly on the switch ON/OFF (19), now OFF should be lit.
On connecting the battery the COMPACT needs 1 – 2 Minutes to calculate the actual
capacity of the battery. During this time the battery condition is shown as 100%
charged. (LED 14 – 17 lit).
If the LED 12 Battery Low/High is lit, the battery charge is too low. If the LED 12
Battery Low/High is blinking, the battery charge is too high.
Caution: With a wrong battery voltage the COMPACT can be destroyed. (for
example: connecting a C 1600-12 to a 48V-Battery).
Nevertheless, if the COMPACT had been connected with reverse polarity, it is highly
probable that the fuse inside the casing is defect. Before opening the casing cover all
terminals must be disconnected including the battery. If the COMPACT does not
function after the changing of the fuse and correcting of the polarity, it means that it is
defect and must be sent for repair.
3.6.2 Connection to the 230Vac-consumer appliances (AC OUTPUT)
The 230V consumer appliances must be connected to the terminals AC OUTPUT
with cables which cross section has to follow the local rules in force (usually
2.5mm2). Connections are marked as follows “N“ Neutral, “PE“ Earth (connected to
the appliance case), “L“ Live.
Caution: High voltages can be there. Make sure that the COMPACT is turned off
(LED 13 lighting) before the connection.
3.6.3 Connection to the 230Vac Input (AC INPUT)
The 230V-supply from network or from a generator must be connected to the input
terminals AC INPUT with cables which cross section depends on the power source
(usually 2.5mm2). Connections are marked as follows: “N“ Neutral, “PE“ Earth
(connected to the appliance case), “L“ Live.
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COMPACT
3.6.4 Connect the solar modules: SOLAR +/- (Only for solar option)
Solar modules are connected on these terminals. Under no circumstances should
any other energy source i.e. wind generator be connected to these terminals! Only
solar modules must be connected with two cables +/-. Depending on the power of the
modules, the cable cross section should be 2.5 up to 6mm2. Before connecting it is
necessary to check with a Voltmeter that the voltage of the Module meets the
following values:
C 1600-12 17-25V/30A, C 2600-24 34 – 45V/30A,C 4000-48 68 – 90V/20A.
3.6.5 Connection to Auxiliary Contact
This contact is a potential free change over contact the currents and voltages allowed
for this contact are max. 16A/250Vac. The LED 5 “Contact active” shows the position
of them: alight mind active and off mind non-active. The schematic view of the
connections on the front, show the relay in the non-active mode.
3.6.6 Connection to Remote control
The Remote Control RCC-01 is connected in the terminal marked „Remote control“
with a 20m long cable and a RJ11/8 connector. The Remote Control can be plugged
IN or plugged OUT during any operation situation. Push in the connector softly until
you hear the „click“ showing that the connector is locked. The same applies to the
plug in the Remote Control.
The length of the cable for Remote Control should not exceed 40m. We deliver it with
20m cable.
3.6.7 Connection to Temperature Sensor (Temp.)
The temperature sensor CT-35 is connected in the terminal marked „Temp“ with a
3m long cable and a RJ11/6 connector. The temperature sensor can be plugged IN
or plugged OUT during any operating situation. Push in the connector softly until you
hear the „click“ showing that the connector is locked. The temperature sensor must
be glued to the wall of the battery or near it. The Temperature Sensor cable must
not be tied together with the battery cables or laid in a rope/bundle.
3.6.8 Connection to the Remote Control for the „Power Sharing“ (RPS-01)
This remote control is connected with a 20m long cable to a RJ11/6 plug. It can be
connected and disconnected at any time. Push in the connector softly until you hear
the „click“ showing that the connector is locked.
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4
Control
4.1
Display and control parameters
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4.2
COMPACT
Light Emitting Diodes (LED)
LED
1
Marking
AC IN
2
CHARGER
3
SOLAR
CHARGE
4
Program
5
6
Contact
active
Contact
manual
7
TRANSFER
8
AC OUT
9
INVERTER
10
Over Temp.
11
Overload
12
Batt.
Low/High
13
OFF
14
EQUALIZE
15–18
LED lit
Voltage
corresponding to
self-adjusted
values is at the AC
IN input.
Battery charger is
working
Connected solar
modules are
delivering energy
Program mode for
Aux. Contact
Auxiliary Contact is
activated
Aux. Cont.
manually activated
Transfer system is
active. In- coming
voltage is being
sent directly to AC
OUT outlet
There is a voltage
at the AC OUT
outlet
Inverter is working
For the time being
the COMPACT is
out of service
because of
overheating.
The COMPACT is
out of service
because of
overload or shortcircuit
Battery voltage is
too low
COMPACT is
turned off. Turning
it back on is only
possible manually.
Battery equalizing
is set
State of charge of
the battery
LED blinks
A voltage outside the self-adjusted
values is at the AC IN input, or the
COMPACT is in synchronization
phases
The battery charger is locked OFF
(see chap. 4.6) or provisory out of
order. In that last case it will restart
within 10 seconds
Transfer (bypass) is disabled (see
chap. 4.7)
The Inverter is in Standby-Mode
Forced Inverter Mode (see chap. 4.5)
Battery voltage is or was to high
COMPACT is for the time being
turned off. Turning it back on will
follow automatically !
LED 15 – Absorption time is running
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25
4.3
19
20
21
4.4
22
23
24
26
4.5
POWER
MONITOR
COMPACT
Display the value of the output power in % of Pnom (in
Inverter Mode) and the charge current in Amps (in Charger
Mode). In this mode the red LED indicates that power
sharing is in use (>100A).
Push buttons
Turning the COMPACT on and off (Help Button for
Programming)
RESET
Alarm Signal off (Help Button for Programming)
Aux. Contact Control Aux. contact (Help Button for Programming)
ON/OFF
Turning Knobs
CHARGER
Adjustment for max. Charging Current
Adjustment for Transfer Voltage Threshold (TRANSFER –
TRANSFER
INVERTER)
STANDBY Adjustment for „Standby“ system
Must be adjusted to the maximal available current of your
INPUT LIMIT
AC INPUT supply
The Inverter
An Inverter is built in the COMPACT, which generates a sinusoidal alternating
voltage of a very high quality. With this Inverter any 230Vac alternating voltage
appliance up to the nominal power of your COMPACT can be operated. Thanks to
the generous dimensioning of the COMPACT, you can operate appliances requiring
higher power than the nominal power of the COMPACT for a short time. The
COMPACT provides up to 3-times the nominal power to start motors.
The Inverter mode is displayed through LED 9 (Inverter). If the Inverter Mode is
disabled (see chap. 5.5) LED 9 will blink. If the LED 9 is lit, the Inverter is in operation
and you have 230Vac at the output AC OUT. The actual power of the connected
appliance is displayed on the power monitor 25 and on the Remote Control.
4.5.1 Charge detection system „Standby“
In order to avoid unnecessary discharge of the battery, the inverter switches OFF
automatically if no appliance is connected and switches ON automatically again if
appliance is connected. The LED 8 blinks if the inverter is in Standby-Mode. The
switching-on/starting level can be adjusted with the turning knob 24 „STANDBY”.
Adjusting the switching-on level is as follows: Switch off all consuming devices, turn
the Turning Knob 24 to the right until the LED 8 is blinking, switch on the smallest
consuming device (i.e. Mobile phone charger), turn the Turning Knob slowly to the
left until LED 8 is lit.
If the Standby-Mode is not wanted, turn the Turning Knob 24 to the left, to the OFF
position.
4.5.2 Overload
If the Inverter is too long or too heavily overloaded, it switches off. The LED 11
„Overload“ is lit and LED 13 „OFF“ blinks. After ca. 10 seconds the Inverter switches
on automatically. If the Inverter is overloaded four times one after another in a short
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COMPACT
time, then it no longer switches on automatically. The LED 13 remains lit. Press the
push button 19 „ON/OFF“ in order to switch on the Inverter.
4.5.3 Overheating (Over Temp.)
If the Inverter has been overloaded for a long time or it has been working in too high
surrounding temperatures, it will switch off. The LED 10 „Over Temp.“ is lit and the
LED 13 „OFF“ blinks. After cooling down, the inverter switches back on automatically.
One minute before the inverter switches off for too high temperature it gives out an
acoustic alarm signal. If the Auxiliary Contact has been programmed to detect the
high temperature then it synchronizes the relay with the alarm signal. In this way, for
example, an emergency back- up system can be started without any break in the
energy supply.
4.5.4 Battery Condition
Deep discharge of the lead-acid batteries leads to high losses in capacity and early
aging. That is why the battery condition is continuously controlled and supervised.
With low volt-age the inverter switches off. The LED 12 „L/H Batt.“ is lit and the LED
13 „OFF“ blinks. When the battery voltage gets up to 12.1V / 24.2V / 48.4V, the
Inverter switches on automatically. One minute before the Inverter switches off due to
low voltage it gives out an acoustic alarm signal. If the Auxiliary Contact has been
programmed to detect the low voltage then it synchronizes the Aux. Contact with the
alarm signal. In this way, for example, an emergency back up system can be started
without any break in the energy supply.
The low voltage is set to 11.6V / 23.2V / 46.4V. These settings are standard for most
batteries. These voltage levels are maintained by the built-in Battery-ManagementSystem of the COMPACT by matching the load and the battery condition.
This setting is comparable with the levels of 10.8V/ 21.6V / 43.2 which are given
for most batteries at nominal load.
All voltage levels can be programmed. See the instructions under the section on
Programming. Check with your battery supplier which voltage values should be set.
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4.6
COMPACT
The battery charger
4.6.1 Cycle of charge
The full automatic COMPACT Battery Charger is adjusted at the factory so that most
lead-acid and lead-gel batteries can be charged to the maximum. As soon as the
minimum alternating voltage for the AC IN set on the Turning Knob 23 is available at
the input (LED 1 AC IN is lit), the Battery Charger is switched on automatically (LED
2 CHARGER is lit). The battery is fully automatically charged matching to the charge
level, the adjusted volt-age levels and the charge current. Thanks to the built-in Float
Charge System, the batteries can be left connected for unlimited time with the
Battery Charger switched on.
During the charging phase the appliances at the outlet AC OUT are continually
supplied with power (LED 8 AC OUT is lit).
The charger functions are shown in the following diagram:
4.6.2 Default values for battery voltage thresholds
Low voltage
Float charge
Absorption
Equalization
12V 24V 48V 12V 24V 48V 12V 24V 48V 12V 24V 48V
11.6 23.2 46.4 13.5 27.0 54.0 14.4 28.8 57.6 15.6 31.2 62.4
Absorption
time
12/24/48V
2h
Equalization
time
12/24/48V
20’
These values can be modified by mean of the optional remote control
4.6.3 Equalization charging
Before you program the COMPACT for Equalization-charge you must check with
your supplier that the batteries are suitable for this process.
Equalization is recommended for the lead-acid batteries in order to mix well the
electrolyte fluid and to clean the lead plates.
If the COMPACT is operating with a lead-acid battery, which is suitable for
equalization, the slide switch „Equalize“ which is on the cable connection side, must
be placed in the ON position. In this setting, every 25 charge cycles an equalization
is carried out for 20 minutes (factory setting). During such a charge cycle the LED 14
is lit and during equalizing it is blinking. Charge cycle with equalization can be started
independently from the actual program. For this purpose the slide switch must be slid
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from “OFF” to the “ON” position. The LED 14 will light up. If the periodic equalization
is not required, slide switch must be slid back to the „OFF“ position after the
completion of the manual cycle.
The equalizing voltage can be changed. How to proceed is explained in chap. 5.3.
Batteries not designed for equalize should never been charged this way.
CAUTION: During the equalization process, the batteries produce a lot more
gas. DANGER OF AN EXPLOSION !! The battery room must be well ventilated.
Equalization mode should never be used when using Gel-Batteries.
4.6.4 Input current repartition (Power sharing)
To manage the power available on the AC INPUT (depends on the supply use) the
COMPACT is equipped with a system usually called “Power sharing” or INPUT power
distribution. With this function it is possible to limit the AC INPUT current assigned to
the charger. The more current it uses on the OUTPUT the less it gives to the charger.
Priority to the OUTPUT. When the power sharing is used the LED 200% (red) is lit to
point out that the charge is limited.
Caution: if the power use on the OUTPUT is higher than the value of the INPUT
LIMIT (26) the COMPACT cannot limit the current, then the generator means to
stop or the circuit breaker means to break before.
4.6.5 Set the INPUT LIMIT (26)
The current available for the COMPACT depends on
the supply used from a motor generator, the network
of a camping or of a shore connection. The value of
the turning knobs INPUT LIMIT (26) must be adjusted
lower or equal to the current available from the source.
For example if you have a generator of 2kW you must
adjust the turning knobs 26 to a max. 8.5A. To
calculate this, one divides the nominal power (2000W)
by the voltage (230V). If you have a circuit breaker
(i.e. 6A) before the COMPACT, then you set this value
on the turning knobs (26) (i.e. 6A).
This adjustment can be done remotely with the optional RPS-01 (see section 3.6.7).
In that case the smallest values will be taken into account.
4.6.6 Charging current
The maximum charging current for the battery can be adjusted with the Turning Knob
22 (CHARGER). The charging current of the battery should be set to approximately
10 – 20% of the battery capacity (at C10). This means that the charging current for a
battery with 300Ah should be set between 30 – 60A.
The charging current is displayed on POWER MONITOR (25) of the front panel
or on the Remote Control.
4.6.7 Battery Condition
Built-in microprocessor with a specially developed algorithm calculates the actual
state of charge of the battery and displays it on LED 15 – 18. The LED 14 is lit when
the system is carrying out a charge cycle with equalization.
Notice: the exact measure of the battery state of charge with electrical parameters is
al-most impossible. The display of the state of charge is always more or less precise.
The measure system built in the COMPACT takes into account the battery voltage,
the discharge and charge current as well as the undulation of the voltage. If the
battery and the COMPACT are used according to their technical data, the battery
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state of charge is displayed accurately. In the following cases of use the display can
diverge:
− Battery charge or discharge with too high
currents
− Battery cable cross section too small
− Battery connections badly tightened or corroded
− Charge of the battery with external battery
charger
− Discharge of the battery with users not
connected to the COMPACT
− Work with defective or sulphated batteries
This means that the display can, within few minutes
during the charge, commute from 25% to 75% or
during the discharge, to the opposite direction.
As many of the working cases mentioned above often occur, the measure system of
the COMPACT takes into account, during the charge, only the peaks of the voltage
undulation. As a consequence, the battery voltage at the start of the absorption
stage, measured by a voltmeter will appear deeper. By decrease of the charge
current the voltage will reach the exact values.
For safety reasons, you must get the recommended charge voltage and charge
currents from your battery supplier. The voltage levels and charge characteristics can
be changed through Programming. The instruction for programming of battery
charger is in the section „Programming“ (Chap. 5.3). The correct charging is
mandatory for a safe function and a long-life of the battery.
The battery charger functions are described by the graphic in chap. 4.6.1.
4.7
The Transfer system
When an AC voltage is at the input AC IN of the COMPACT, the LED 1 AC IN is lit.
When this voltage matches the lowest adjusted value set by the Turning Knob 23
TRANSFER, and the frequency is between 44Hz and 65Hz, this voltage is switched
directly to the battery charger and to the output AC OUT. The LED 7 TRANSFER is
lit. The inverter is switched off and the battery charger switched on. This process is
automatic, unless the charger mode or the transfer mode is disabled (see Chap. 5.5).
The maximum current of the Transfer switch is 16A. That means through this system,
consuming devices up to a maximum of al 3700 Watt can be operated. When the
Battery Charger is working, part of this power is used for charging according to the
power sharing system.
The Transfer system is protected against overload with a circuit breaker on the AC
Input side of the COMPACT. If the system has been overloaded, the button/pin of the
fuse will pop out. To put the automatic safety system back in to operating you must
push this pin back.
Note: in the Inverter operation, The COMPACT generates a true sinusoidal and
quartz stabilized output voltage. However if the COMPACT is supplied from a grid or
a generator and the transfer contact is active, then you have at the output AC OUT
the same voltage as that at the input. This voltage can not be modified by the
COMPACT !
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4.7.1 Set the transfer voltage threshold
The voltage threshold of the transfer can be adjusted between 150 to 230V with the
turning knobs (23). From factory this value is 200V. Most appliances can work on this
voltage. When the Input voltages reach the selected value on turning knob, the
inverter switches off and the AC INPUT goes directly on the AC OUTPUT. When the
voltage INPUT is less of 20V the value set, the transfer is stopped and the OUTPUT
switches back on the inverter.
Note : Don’t use the turning knobs “TRANSFER” (23) to adjust the AC OUTPUT
voltage ! This is only it’s only a voltage threshold level to enable or disable the
transfer.
4.7.2 FAST (UPS)- MODE for the Transfer Switch
The quick and break free Transfer mode is programmed with a slide switch „Transfer
De-lay“ OFF, which is on the front side (cable connections side).
The aim of the COMPACT is to supply the appliance with a break-free alternating
volt-age. When the incoming voltage AC IN no longer matches values which have
been set with the Turning Knob 23, the inverter switches on at once. The transfer is
carried out in 0.02 seconds. This quick transfer ensures a break-free function for
most appliances. If you have an alternating voltage back at the input AC IN, transfer
system starts up again with-out any break, and the inverter is stopped.
4.7.3 Delayed mode of the Transfer System
The delayed mode of the transfer system „Transfer Delay ON“ is programmed with
the slide switch on front with the cable connections. The COMPACT provides a
break-free alternating voltage for the appliance. A quick transfer switch is not always
sensitive nor is it always desired. For example, when the appliances are operated by
a small back-up generator. An overload of a short period on such a generator, i.e.
start of a vacuum cleaner etc., has the effect of decreasing the voltage for a short
time. As in such cases the transfer to the Inverter is not desired, the transfer system
can be programmed with a delay. When the slide switch (Transfer delay) is in the
„On“ position, the transfer to the inverter takes place with a delay of 5 seconds. If the
voltage falls below 100Vac, the transfer takes place without delay ! The transfer
switching to the Inverter takes place without any break.
4.8
The Solar charge controller (option)
The COMPACT also has a Solar Charge Controller built in. For charging the
batteries, Solar modules can be connected to the screw terminal SOLAR +/-. The inbuilt controller is a „Shunt controller“ for the maximum input current of 30A for C
1600-12 and C 2600-24 and 20A for C 4000-48. The operating voltage of solar
panels to be connected must match the actual operating voltage of the COMPACT
and never exceeds the max. rated value.
Under no circumstances should any other systems such as wind-generator be
connected at the input of the Solar Charge Controller.
The Solar Charge Controller works automatically and is always in operation. As soon
as the energy is delivered from the Solar Charge Controller, LED 3 “SOLAR
CHARGE” is lit and the batteries are being charged. The Solar Charge Controller
works even when the Battery Charger is functioning. The way of working is the
principally the same as that of the Battery Charger. The function is described in the
section on Battery Charger. The programming and the adjustments are carried out in
accordance with the same conditions. Check with your battery supplier which
adjustments must be carried out for your battery.
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4.9
COMPACT
The Multifunctional Contact
In the COMPACT there is a built-in programmable power relay. The potential-free
change-over contact (NO – NC) of this power relay is connected to the screw
terminal AUX CONTACT.
Maximum Contact load: 230Vac / 12Vdc / 24Vdc / 16A !
> 36Vdc / 3A !
With the Push Button 21 „AUXILIARY CONTACT“ the contact can be manually
switched on or off independently from programming and from the operating situation.
The LED 5 “Contact active” shows the status of the contact. The drawing up the
screw terminal “AUX CONTACT” is the inactive position mode, LED 5 “Contact
active” off.
The switching on and off of this contact can be freely programmed for every
operating situation of the COMPACT witch situation is indicated with a LED. There is
no limitation to its application and it is left to your wishes as to where and how you
would like to use it. The example and the setting of this contact are explained in
chapter 5.4.
In factory we program this for a dysfunction alarm. The contact is active when one of
these situations is detected:
−
−
−
−
Over temperature (LED 10 lit)
Overload (LED 11 lit)
Over or less voltage of batteries (LED 12 lit or blinking)
COMPACT is turned off manually or with a fault (LED 13 lit)
In case this function is not wished, it must be modified by programming according to
procedure in chap. 5.4.
4.10 The Remote Control RCC-01
As an option, a Remote
Control can be connected to
the COMPACT. All operating
controls and displays except
from level adjustment are
available on the Remote
Control. The Remote Control
is supplied with a 20m long
cable. It can as long as 40m.
The Remote Control is suitable for surface mounting on
the wall or on to a switch
board. It is fixed with 4
screws. The COMPACT can
also be programmed with the
Remote
Control.
The
Programming is descry-bed in
the section „Programming“.
The output power and the charging currents are displayed on the Remote Control.
In the Remote Control there is an additional Alarm Contact and a built-in Control
Input. These two functions are available through Tip-jack RJ11/4 for use. This
Auxiliary Contact is Front / Work Contact (max. 0.5A!), which is independent from the
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Auxiliary Contact of the
COMPACT. This con-tact is
active in case of an alarm of
the COMPACT.
The Control Input is connected
in parallel to the ON/OFFpush button. The COMPACT
can be switched on or off
through this input with an
impulse button or an impulse
contact.
Caution: No external voltage
should be connected to this
Input Control.
Order Number for Remote Control: RCC-01
Dimensions: H x B x T / 111.5 x 136.5 x 25mm
4.11 The Temperature sensor CT-35
Operating voltage of lead-acid batteries change depends on the
temperature. To correct the operating voltages according to the
actual temperatures, a temperature sensor can be connected to the
COMPACT.
The compensation through the sensor is –3mV/°C/Cell.
Order Number: CT-35
Dimensions: H x B x T / 58 x 51.5 x 22mm
4.12 Remote control for „Power Sharing“ RPS-01
If the Remote control RPS-01 is installed, the Trimmer
(26) “INPUT LIMIT“ has to be set on the value max.. The
COMPACT takes into account the lowest values set on
the inverter and on the Remote control.
The current available at the COMPACT input will be
determined by the power of the connected source
(generator, grid etc...). The potentiometer on the RPS-01
must be adjusted lower or equal to max. value of the
power source.
For instance if the source is a generator of 2000 Watt, the potentiometer has to be
set at max. 8A. This value is obtained in dividing 2000 Watt by 230V. If the
COMPACT is connected to a power source which is protected by a 6A circuit
breaker, the potentiometer must be set at a max. value of 6A.
Caution: the COMPACT will not limit if an appliance draws more current than
available from the source ! This means that the connected generator will be
over-loaded or that the circuit-breaker before the COMPACT will break.
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5
COMPACT
Programming
The COMPACT (except for 60Hz versions) is equipped with a Flash processor
fitted out with EEPROM Memory, which means that even when it is
disconnected from the battery, the parameters that were programmed for the
application remain after a new connection to the battery.
It is possible to reinitialize (RESET) the COMPACT by pressing simultaneously
on the three push buttons 19/20/21 during at least 2 seconds. A beep will
confirm the RESET. The inverter switches off after this operation. It can be
turned on again after the beep. The programmed parameters will remain.
5.1
Standard setting
The COMPACT is delivered with the following default settings:
Auxiliary contact: active in case of defect or manual turn off with the LED 10/11/12/13
Battery voltage :
Low voltage
11.6V / 23.2V / 46.4V
Float Charge
13.5V / 27.0V / 54.0V
End of Charge Voltage 14.4V / 28.8V / 57.6V
Equalization
15.6V / 31.2V / 62.4V
Absorption Time :
2 Hours
Equalizing Time :
20 Minutes
5.2
Reset value (default settings)
To come back to the default settings, press simultaneously on the push buttons
20/21 during at least 2 seconds. A beep will confirm the comeback to the factory
settings. The inverter switches off after this operation. It can be turned on again after
the beep.
5.3
Battery voltages and absorption time
5.3.1 Set the voltage and timing threshold
The programming is done in
accordance with the following
steps:
Push and hold down, the Push
Button 21 (Program) and the
Push Button 19 (Change status)
for
minimum
2
seconds
simultaneously.
With the Push Button 20 (select)
select which of the battery level
and of the absorption time have
to be changed.
These four red LED’s show the function set:
Low voltage
Float charge
Absorption (End of charge)
Equalization
Absorption Time
LED 13 (ON/OFF)
LED 12 (Batt. Low/high)
LED 11 (Overload)
LED 10 (Overtemp.)
LED 10/11/12/13 (altogether)
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With the Push Button 19 (Change status) set the desired parameter (voltage or time)
to modify (LED 14/ 15/16/17/18). Push Button 19 (Change status) to set the desired
value according to the table 5.3.2.
If desired, repeat the operation with any other parameter (voltage or time) to be
changed.
If during 30 seconds no buttons are pressed, the selected values are automatically
stored and the COMPACT switches back in to the normal operating status.
The voltage levels and times changed through programming are only first active with
the next charge cycle!
The voltage level which is not suitable can greatly reduce the battery life or
could even destroy it ! Therefore check beforehand with your battery supplier.
LED
5.3.2 Table of voltage and timing threshold
The voltage levels (low voltage, float charge, end of charge and equalization) and the
duration of the absorption charge can be changed.
The display of these voltages and the times in the program mode are in accordance
with the diagram shown below:
14
15
16
17
18
Low voltage
Float charge
Absorption
Equalization
LED 13
LED 12
LED 11
LED 10
12
12.0
11.8
11.6
11.4
11.2
24
24.0
23.6
23.2
22.8
22.4
48
48.0
47.2
46.4
45.6
44.8
12
13.7
13.6
13.5
13.4
13.3
24
27.4
27.2
27.0
26.8
26.6
48
54.8
54.4
54.0
53.6
53.2
12
16.2
15.6
15
14.4
14.2
24
32.4
31.2
30
28.8
28.4
48
64.8
62.4
60
57.6
56.8
12
16.2
15.9
15.6
15.3
15
24
32.4
31.8
31.2
30.6
30
48
64.8
63.6
62.4
61.2
60
Absorption time
LED
10/11/12/13
12/24/48
4h
3h
2h
1h
0 – 1’
Equalizatio
n time
LED 10/11
12/24/48
3h
2h
1h
40’
20’
The heavy printed values show the standard settings.
5.4
Auxiliary contact
5.4.1 Principle
The Auxiliary Contact can be basically programmed for any operating situation of the
COMPACT which is indicated with a LED. The programming is possible for one or
more operating situations. If the contact is programmed for many situations, it is
activated as soon as the COMPACT finds itself in any one of the programmed
situations. That means that the work of the contact meets that of the logic OR–
Function.
5.4.2 The programming of the Auxiliary Contact
The programming of the Auxiliary Contact is carried out in the following Steps:
− The Push Button 21 (Program) presses down for min. 2 seconds. The LED 4
„Program“ is lit as an indication, that the COMPACT is in program mode.
− A blinking LED shows the programmed condition for the auxiliary contact (LED
10/11/ 12/13 factory setting).
− With the Push Button 20 (select), select the desired condition in which the
contact should be activated.
− With the Push Button 19 (Change status) confirm or change the status for this
condition. If desired, with the Push Button 20 (select) select another condition in
which the contact should be activated.
− With the Push Button 19 (Change status) confirm or change the status for this
condition. If during 30 seconds no buttons are pushed, then the settled values
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are automatically stored and the COMPACT switches back to normal operating
condition.
5.4.3 Auxiliary Contact as generator starter
As per the battery capacity
When in the programming of the Auxiliary Contact, the Battery Capacity (LED 15-18)
is used as a condition, you must then take note of the following requirements.
If you have to start an emergency back-up supply with a battery having a certain
residual capacity, then two battery levels must be programmed. The first (i.e. Battery
25% LED 17) for the starting or activating the Auxiliary Contact and the second (i.e.
Battery 100% LED15) for stopping or disabling the Auxiliary Contact. Programmed
like this the Auxiliary Contact works with the lowest set condition and stops when it
has reached the highest programmed condition through charging.
Example: start of a generator with the COMPACT
In order to program the auxiliary contact to start at 25% and to stop at 75% of the
battery state-of-charge, here is the procedure to follow:
− Press the key AUX. CONTACT (Program) 21 during at least 2 seconds. Then
the states will be displayed blinking (factory settings LED’s 10/11/12/13). As
these states are not wished for the start of the generator, they must be disabled.
− With the key (select) 20, select the LED’s to disable (the active LED’s are
blinking) and disable them with the key 19 Change Status. Select the other
LED’s to switch off with the key (select) 20 and switch them off with the key 19
Change Status until all are disabled.
− Then select the LED 17 with the key (select) 20 and activate the contact with the
key 19 Change Status. The generator will start once the LED 17 switches of.
− Then select the LED 16 with the key (select) 20 and activate the contact with the
key 19 Change Status. The generator will stop once the LED 16 switches on.
− If no key is activated during 30 seconds, the normal operation states are
displayed automatically again.
For a control the key Program can be pressed at least 2 seconds. The values set are
displayed blinking.
As per the inverter output power (not available with some special executions)
Activating the auxiliary contact for the generator start can be programmed also on a
pre-determined output power of the inverter. The auxiliary contact will be activated if
the inverter output power exceeds 80% of the inverter nominal power during 3
minutes and/or 100% during 30 seconds.
The auxiliary contact will remain activated 30 minutes after the input current has
come back to a value lower than the one adjusted by the “INPUT LIMIT” (chap.
4.6.4). In other words, the contact will be deactivated 30 minutes after the lighting out
of the LED 200%.
This programming is achieved accordingly to chap. 5.4.2 of the user manual and by
activating the contact on LED 100% of “Power Monitor” (25).
5.4.4 Auxiliary Contact as Twilight Witch (with solar charger option)
The Auxiliary Contact of the COMPACT can also be used as a twilight switch, i.e. to
operate automatically the exterior lighting. With it the connected solar modules
measure the light intensity. If the COMPACT is operating without solar modules and
a twilight-switching function is desired, you can connect small solar cells with the
nominal voltage of the COMPACT on to the SOLAR terminals for the purpose of
measuring the light intensity. To function as a twilight-switch the Auxiliary Contact
must be programmed so that the condition SOLAR CHARGE (LED 3) is active.
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Programming must be carried out in steps and in accordance with the description for
the programming of the Auxiliary Contact.
5.4.5 Power cut of the second priority loads
The auxiliary contact can also be used to cut the power of less priority loads when
the battery state of charge is lower than a given threshold. In that case, only one of
the battery state of charge, or the “transfer” function will be programmed as power
cut criteria.
The second priority loads will be supplied only when the generator is ON or when the
battery has a sufficient threshold.
5.4.6 Manual operating of Auxiliary Contact
The Auxiliary Contact can be operated at any time with the Push Button 21 (AUX.
CONTACT). The LED 6 „Contact manual“ lights up as information that the Contact is
manually operated, and LED 5 „Contact active“ lights up when the Contact is active.
By pushing the Push Button 21 a second time, the Contact is disabled. By pushing it
the third time, automatic functions are restored.
5.5
Disabling some of the COMPACT functions
Each different function charger, inverter and transfer can be disabled. This is useful
for specific applications witch required to disable some of these three functions.
If you press the buttons 19 and 20 more than 2 seconds you can have access to the
different possibilities shown in the following diagram.
In programming mode the display shows only the different types of program with the
three LED’s 2, 7 and 9 to each function. To change the type of programming, press
shortly the button 20 until you reach the right function used according to the table
below. After 10 seconds the COMPACT exits the programming mode and loads the
new change.
In user mode, the disabled functions are displayed by blinking LED. So you can see
which mode is disabled.
5.5.1 Diagram of the different modes
Shows an off LED
Shows a blinking LED
Shows a lighted LED
All the functions are enabled. This is the
factory setting.
The inverter is disabled. Only the transfer
switch and the charger will work
normally.
Inverter and charger are both disabled.
Only the transfer switch function is enabled in input voltage and frequency is OK
Charger and transfer switch are disabled.
the inverter will work continuously even if
there is a correct AC voltage at the input.
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COMPACT
Installation Maintenance
Apart from the periodic controls mentioned for the connections, the COMPACT does
need any maintenance. Keep the appliance clean and from time to time, wipe it clean
with a damp cloth.
7
Declaration of CE Compliance
Hereby we state that the products described in this user manual comply with the
following standards:
EN 61000-6-1, EN 61000-6-3, EN 55014, EN 55022, EN 61000-3-2, Dir.
89/336/EEC, LVD 73/23/EEC, EN 50091-2, EN 60950-1.
CH - 1950 Sion, the 31st of March 2000
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COMPACT
Technical Data
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