Country Clipper Zeton Owner`s manual

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Safety Instructions & Operators Manual
®
Zero Turn Radius Mower
Congratulations for buying a Country Clipper product. Your Country Clipper Zero Turning Radius
Riding Mower was designed and built to provide long and trouble free service. Keep in mind that it, like
any other mechanical device, can be potentially dangerous if used improperly, and hazard control and
accident prevention are dependent upon the awareness, concern, prudence, and proper training of
personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance, and storage of the equipment. Study this
manual and pay special attention to the important Safety Precautions on pages 3-6. Following these
instructions will help you continue to enjoy the trouble-free performance expected of the Country Clipper
product.
P-11834 (5/04)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY ......................................................................................................................................... 3
ACCIDENT PATTERNS TO AVOID...............................................................................................................3
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS...........................................................................3
SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM.....................................................................................................................5
START UP AND OPERATION .................................................................................................... 6
CHECKLIST BEFORE OPERATION .............................................................................................................6
CONTROL LOCATIONS JOYSTICK MODELS ..........................................................................................6
OPERATION JOYSTICK MODELS ..............................................................................................................7
CONTROL LOCATIONS TWINSTICK MODELS .......................................................................................8
OPERATION TWINSTICK MODELS ...........................................................................................................8
MOWING RECOMMENDATIONS ...............................................................................................................10
MAINTENANCE ......................................................................................................................... 11
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE........................................................................................................................11
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS ...............................................................................................................12
BELT ROUTINGS ............................................................................................................................................18
PROCEDURE FOR RAISING AND LOWERING THE DECK FOR SERVICING ................................19
LEVELING THE DECK:.................................................................................................................................20
TROUBLE SHOOTING CHECK LIST...................................................................................... 21
WIRING SCHEMATIC............................................................................................................... 23
HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC: ..................................................................................................... 24
NOTES / SERVICE RECORDS: ................................................................................................ 24
2
SAFETY
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS
ACCIDENT PATTERNS TO AVOID
1.
PROPELLED OBJECTS -- Sticks,
rocks, wires, and other objects can be
propelled out through the discharge
chute or from under the mower housing.
Bystanders are particularly vulnerable.
PEOPLE WHO OPERATE, SERVICE,
OR ARE OTHERWISE ASSOCIATED
with the Country Clipper Zero Turning
Radius Mower should be trained in its
proper use and warned of its dangers.
Before operating, adjusting, or servicing
the Country Clipper Zero Turning
Radius Mower they should read and
understand this entire manual and the
engine owner’s manual.
2.
GRASS CATCHER OR GUARD -- The
mower shall not be operated without
either the entire grass catcher or guard
in place.
AVOID CONTACT WITH MOVING
PARTS. Keep hands and feet from
under mowing deck and away from
blades at all times. Turn engine (motor)
off if you must unclog the chute.
3.
AVOID HILLS AND SLOPES. Use
extreme caution when mowing up or
down slopes. NEVER mow across the
face of a slope. If a slope must be
ascended, back up the slope; drive
forward when descending. Reduce
speed and use caution to start, stop and
maneuver. To prevent loss of control on
a slope avoid sharp turns, sudden
changes in direction, and sudden stops
and starts.
4.
DISENGAGE POWER TO MOWER
BEFORE BACKING UP. Do not mow
in reverse unless ABSOLUTELY
necessary and then only after turning
around and observing the entire area
behind the mower. Go slowly. Most
“running over victim” accidents occur in
reverse.
5.
BEGINNING OPERATORS SHOULD
LEARN HOW TO STEER the Country
Clipper Zero Turning Radius Mower
before attempting to mow. Start with
slow engine speed and drive without the
blades engaged in an open area until
comfortable with the machine.
6.
KNOW HOW TO STOP QUICKLY.
Know the location and operation of
every control, especially how to brake
and how to disengage the mower
blades.
I.
CONTACT WITH THE ROTATING
BLADE -- This accident usually
happens when the operator is clearing
the discharge chute of grass, (especially
when the grass is wet), or when the
operator adjusts the machine without
turning it off and waiting for the blades
to completely stop.
II.
III.
IV.
OVERTURNING -- This happens when
riding mowers are used on steep
slopes, embankments or hills. The
operator in these cases can come in
contact with the blades or sustain
injuries during a fall.
V.
MOWER RUNNING OVER THE VICTIM
-- This usually happens when a riding
mower is driven in reverse. The
accident victims are most often young
children whom, unseen by the operator
of the mower, were in the area being
mowed.
AT COUNTRY CLIPPER, WE SHARE YOUR
DESIRE TO PROTECT YOURSELF, YOUR
FAMILY, YOUR FRIENDS AND YOUR
NEIGHBORS FROM ACCIDENTAL INJURY.
OBSERVING AND ENFORCING THE
FOLLOWING GUIDELINES WILL HELP TO
INSURE THE SAFETY OF EVERYONE.
PLEASE BE CAREFUL!
3
7.
8.
DO NOT ALLOW CHILDREN TO
OPERATE MOWER. Do not allow
others who have not had instruction to
operate mower.
9.
ALWAYS TURN ENGINE OFF AND
REMOVE KEY before leaving the
mower to prevent children and
inexperienced operators from starting
the engine. Never leave the mower
unattended with engine running. Always
wait for all moving parts and all sounds
to stop before leaving operator’s seat.
10.
WEAR STURDY, ROUGH-SOLED
WORK SHOES AND CLOSE-FITTING
SLACKS AND SHIRTS. Never operate
mower in bare feet, sandals or
sneakers.
11.
KNOW THE AREA YOU ARE TO
MOW. Watch for hidden danger such
as rocks, roots, sticks, holes, bumps,
and drop-offs, etc. Before mowing, pick
up all debris in area to be mowed.
Sharp and hard objects can be
propelled at a high speed and can act
like shrapnel. Walk through tall grass
BEFORE MOWING to make sure there
are no hidden dangers. Mow higher
than desired in tall grass to expose any
hidden objects and/or obstacles, clean
the area, and then mow to the desired
height.
12.
13.
14.
several minutes after running. Always
make sure the gas cap is in place.
DO NOT MOVE CONTROL LEVER(S)
from forward position to reverse position
rapidly. The speed and/or direction of
travel is affected instantly by movement
of the Control Lever(s).
NEVER REFUEL A MOWER
INDOORS. Allow the engine time to
cool before refueling. Unseen vapors
may be ignited by a spark. Always
clean up spilled gasoline. Never run the
engine indoors in a garage or any other
closed building. Allow engine to cool
before storing in any enclosure. The
engine exhaust and gasoline fumes are
dangerous.
DISENGAGE BLADES BEFORE
DRIVING ACROSS WALKS or
projecting objects.
NEVER REMOVE THE FUEL CAP or
add gasoline to a running or hot engine
that has not been allowed to cool for
4
15.
NEVER CARRY PASSENGERS.
16.
DO NOT SMOKE AROUND THE
MOWER or the gasoline storage
container. Gasoline fumes can easily
ignite.
17.
KEEP GASOLINE IN A WELLVENTILATED AREA away from your
living quarters and in tightly-capped
safety cans. Never store mower with
gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach open flame or
spark.
18.
DISENGAGE BLADES, STOP ENGINE
AND REMOVE IGNITION KEY before
any servicing. Be sure all moving parts
and all sounds have stopped. Let
engine cool and disconnect the spark
plugs so the engine cannot start by
accident. A SLIGHT ROTATION OF
THE BLADES COULD START THE
ENGINE.
19.
KEEP ALL NUTS, BOLTS, AND
SCREWS TIGHT to be sure equipment
is in safe working condition, especially
blade mounting bolts.
20.
VEHICLE SHOULD BE STOPPED
AND INSPECTED FOR DAMAGE after
striking a foreign object and the damage
should be repaired before restarting and
operating the equipment. Stop
immediately and check for damage or
loose parts if mower should start
vibrating.
21
KEEP SAFETY DEVICES AND
GUARDS IN PLACE. If any of the
safety switches become inoperable,
have them repaired immediately.
22.
DO NOT STEP OR STAND ON THE
MOWER HOUSING. Step or stand only
on the foot deck.
23.
WATCH OUT FOR TRAFFIC near
roadways and when crossing roads.
24.
DO NOT USE MOWER WHEN GRASS
IS WET OR SLIPPERY.
25.
MOW ONLY DURING DAYLIGHT.
26.
THIS MACHINE IS NOT MEANT FOR
HIGHWAY OR STREET USE. It is not
a recreational vehicle and it should not
be operated as such.
27.
ALWAYS DISENGAGE THE MOWER
BLADE CLUTCH when transporting.
28.
KEEP ALL SAFETY LABELS IN
LEGIBLE CONDITION. Remove
grease, dirt, grass, etc. that may cover
safety labels. Replace any safety label
that is missing or damaged.
29.
WEAR PERSONAL PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT. Eye, ear, feet and head
protection is recommended.
30.
ONLY USE COUNTRY CLIPPER
APPROVED ACCESSORIES.
40.
USE CARE WHEN REPLACING
BLADES. Wrap the blade(s) or wear
gloves, and use caution when servicing
them. Only replace blade(s). Never
straighten or weld blade(s).
41.
USE JACKSTANDS TO SUPPORT
COMPONENTS when required.
42.
KEEP BODY AND HANDS AWAY
FROM PIN HOLES OR LEAKS IN
HIGH PRESSURE HYDRAULIC LINES.
Always use paper or cardboard to
search for leaks, NEVER use hands.
Make sure all hydraulic connections are
tight and that hydraulic lines are in good
condition before starting the engine.
SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM
31.
DO NOT CHANGE THE ENGINE
GOVERNOR SETTING or over speed
the engine.
Your Country Clipper Zero Turning Radius
Mower is equipped with switches interlocked for
your safety.
32.
BEWARE OF MOWER DISCHARGE
DIRECTION and do not point it at
anyone.
ON JOYSTICK MODELS GROUND DRIVE
NEUTRAL IS WHEN THE JOYSTICK (CONTROL
LEVER) IS IN THE “DOWN” POSITION.
33.
DO NOT OPERATE THE MOWER
UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF
ALCOHOL OR DRUGS.
ON TWINSTICK MODELS GROUND DRIVE
NEUTRAL IS WHEN BOTH CONTROL LEVERS
ARE IN THE “OUT” POSITION.
34.
USE CARE WHEN LOADIING OR
UNLOADING MACHINE INTO A
TRAILER OR TRUCK.
1.
The mower blades must be disengaged
before engine will start.
2.
USE CARE WHEN APPROACHING
BLIND CORNERS, shrubs, trees, or
other objects that may obscure vision.
The Control Lever(s) must be in the
neutral position before the engine will
start.
3.
CLEAN ALL GRASS AND DEBRIS
FROM MACHINE TO PREVENT
FIRES. Remove spilled oil or gasoline.
The engine will stop if the mower blade
clutch is engaged when the operator
leaves the driver’s seat.
4.
KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY
FROM MOVING PARTS. If possible do
not make adjustments with the engine
running.
The engine will stop if the Control
Lever(s) are not in the neutral position
when the operator leaves the driver’s
seat.
5.
The engine will stop if the brake is
“SET” and the Control Lever(s) are not
in the neutral position.
35.
36.
37.
38.
NEVER MOW WHEN OTHER PEOPLE
OR PETS ARE IN THE AREA.
39.
CAREFULLY RELEASE PRESSURE
FROM COMPONENTS WITH STORED
ENERGY.
6. The engine will stop if the brake is “SET”
and the mower blade clutch is engaged.
DO NOT OPERATE MOWER IF SAFETY
SWITCHES AND GUARDS ARE NOT
OPERATING PROPERLY
5
12.
START UP AND OPERATION
IMPORTANT: Before cutting grass, clutch must
be broken-in as follows: With engine at
full RPM engage deck until blades come
to full speed and then disengage until
blades come to a complete stop.
Repeat 10 times to “break-in” the clutch
properly.
CHECKLIST BEFORE OPERATION
1.
Perform any other maintenance as it
becomes necessary. (See the
“Maintenance” section of this manual.)
Make sure fuel tank is full. Use regular
unleaded gasoline (see engine owner’s
manual for more details).
WARNING
CONTROL LOCATIONS
JOYSTICK MODELS
HANDLE GASOLINE WITH CARE -- IT IS
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE. DO NOT SMOKE.
ENGINE SHOULD BE OFF AND COOL. USE
APPROVED GAS CONTAINER. NEVER FILL
TANK INDOORS. WIPE UP ANY SPILLS.
REPLACE CAP TIGHTLY.
2.
Make sure dirt and foreign matter is kept
out of gas tank. Use a clean funnel and
gas can.
3.
Do not mix oil with gasoline.
4.
Do not use white, high test or premium
gasoline. Do not use de-icers,
carburetor cleaners, or other such
additives.
5.
Check the crankcase oil level. Make
sure the engine is off. The mower
should be parked on a level area. Do
not overfill. (See your engine manual for
more detailed instruction.)
6.
Check battery fluid level.
7.
Inspect V-belts.
8.
9.
Choke
Throttle
Ignition Key
Cut Height Foot
Assist Lever
Joystick Control
Lever
Blade Clutch Switch
Cut Height
Adjustment Lever
Check tire pressure:
Model
Front tires
Rear tires
All
12 psi
12 psi
Models
Make sure underside of mower deck is
free of grass.
10.
Make sure mower blades are sharp and
secured tightly.
11.
Clean the air intake screen on the
engine if necessary.
Cut Height Stop
Pin
Parking Brake Lever
WARNING
AVOID INHALING EXHAUST FUMES -CARBON MONOXIDE GAS IS COLORLESS
AND ODORLESS, AND CAN CAUSE
UNCONSCIOUSNESS, AND IS POTENTIALLY
6
LETHAL. DO NOT RUN LAWN MOWER IN
GARAGE OR OTHER CONFINED AREA.
C.
D.
OPERATION
JOYSTICK MODELS
1.
MOVE JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER
TO neutral “DOWN” position.
2.
SET PARKING BRAKE. Pull up to set.
3.
DISENGAGE MOWER BLADE
CLUTCH by moving clutch switch to
“OFF” position.
4.
PULL ENGINE CHOKE CONTROL to
full position for cold starts.
5.
SET ENGINE THROTTLE TO 1/2
THROTTLE.
6.
TURN IGNITION KEY to “START”
position and release to “RUN” as soon
as engine starts. NOTE: Prolonged
cranking will damage starter motor and
shorten the battery life
7.
ADJUST ENGINE THROTTLE AND
CHOKE for desired engine smoothness
and speed. NOTE: When mowing,
always run engine at full throttle.
8.
RELEASE PARKING BRAKE. Push
brake lever down to release.
E.
CAUTION
FOR SMOOTH, SAFE OPERATION, MOVE
THE JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER IN A
GENTLE, SLOW MOTION. NEVER PULL OR
PUSH THE JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER
RAPIDLY, ESPECIALLY ON GRADES.
IMPORTANT: Until the operator is familiar with
the Country Clipper Zero Turning
Radius Mower, he/she should follow
these recommendations: Disengage the
mower blades. Go very slowly until
thoroughly familiar with the machine.
Keep away from fences, buildings, and
other obstructions. Move the Joystick
Control Lever smoothly and slowly.
Practice until operation is smooth and
efficient.
9.
TO DRIVE:
A.
B.
To reverse the direction, pull the
Joystick Control Lever slightly back.
To turn, move the Joystick Control
Lever toward the direction you want to
turn..
To turn on a zero radius axis, go
slowly and move the Joystick Control
Lever to the side you wish to turn and
slightly to the rear at the same time.
Move the Joystick Control Lever to the
“UP” position.
Move the Joystick Control Lever
forward to move forward. Increasing
forward movement of the Joystick
Control Lever will increase the speed
of travel.
7
10.
BRAKING: To brake mower, gently
move the Joystick Control Lever in the
direction opposite to travel. If the
parking brake is engaged with the
Joystick Control Lever in the “UP”
position the engine will stop.
11.
CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT:
With the Cut Height Adjustment Lever
latched into the top cut height latch.
Insert Cut Height Stop Pin to desired
cutting height. Pull Cut Height
Adjustment Lever rearward and then to
the left to clear top cut height latch.
Lower Cut Height Adjustment Lever until
it rests on Cut Height Stop Pin. NOTE:
Pushing on the Cut Height Foot Assist
Lever will make the Cut Height
Adjustment Lever easier to operate.
12.
ENGAGE MOWER BLADE CLUTCH:
Set the Blade Clutch Switch to the “ON”
position. The engine will not start if the
blade clutch is engaged. If the operator
is not in the seat, the engine will stop if
the clutch is engaged.
Cut Height
Adjustment Lever
Left Hand Steering
Control Lever
Cut Height Foot
Assist Lever
CAUTION
AVOID HILL AND SLOPES. USE EXTREME
CAUTION WHEN MOWING UP OR DOWN
SLOPES. NEVER MOW ACROSS THE FACE
OF A SLOPE. IF A SLOPE MUST BE
ASCENDED, BACK UP THE SLOPE; DRIVE
FORWARD WHEN DESCENDING.
13.
TO STOP:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Move Joystick Control Lever to neutral
position and then to the “DOWN”
position.
Disengage the mower blade clutch by
moving the clutch to the “OFF”
position.
Set the parking brake.
Slow engine speed with throttle to
slowest position.
Turn ignition key to “OFF” position.
Remove the key and wait for all
movement and all sound to cease
before dismounting.
Cut Height Stop
Pin
Parking Brake
Lever
WARNING
AVOID INHALING EXHAUST FUMES -CARBON MONOXIDE GAS IS COLORLESS
AND ODORLESS, AND CAN CAUSE
UNCONSCIOUSNESS, AND IS POTENTIALLY
LETHAL. DO NOT RUN LAWN MOWER IN
GARAGE OR OTHER CONFINED AREA.
CONTROL LOCATIONS
TWINSTICK MODELS
Throttle
Choke
Ignition Key
OPERATION
TWINSTICK MODELS
Right Hand Steering
Control Lever
1. MOVE STEERING CONTROL LEVERS TO
neutral “OUT” position.
2. SET PARKING BRAKE. Pull up to set.
3. DISENGAGE MOWER BLADE CLUTCH by
moving clutch switch to “OFF” position.
4. PULL ENGINE CHOKE CONTROL to full
position for cold starts.
5. SET ENGINE THROTTLE TO 1/2
THROTTLE.
6. TURN IGNITION KEY to “START” position
and release to “RUN” as soon as engine
starts. NOTE: Prolonged cranking will
damage starter motor and shorten the
battery life.
7. ADJUST ENGINE THROTTLE AND
CHOKE for desired engine smoothness and
speed. NOTE: When mowing, always run
engine at full throttle.
8. RELEASE PARKING BRAKE. Push brake
lever down to release.
Blade Clutch Switch
8
on the Cut Height Foot Assist Lever will
make the Cut Height Adjustment Lever
easier to operate.
IMPORTANT: Until the operator is familiar with
the Zero Turning Radius Mower, he/she
should follow these recommendations.
Disengage the mower blades. Go very
slowly until thoroughly familiar with the
machine. Keep away from fences,
buildings, and other obstructions. Move
the Steering Control Levers smoothly
and slowly. Practice until operation is
smooth and efficient.
12. ENGAGE MOWER BLADE CLUTCH: Set
the Blade Clutch Switch to the “ON”
position. The engine will not start if the
blade clutch is engaged. If the operator is
not in the seat, the engine will stop if the
clutch is engaged.
9. TO DRIVE:
A. Move the Steering Control Levers to the
“IN” position.
B. Move the Steering Control Levers
forward to move forward. Increasing
forward movement of the Steering
Control Levers will increase the speed
of travel.
C. To reverse the direction, pull the
Steering Control Levers slightly back.
D. To turn, move one Steering Control
Lever slightly ahead of the other.
E. To turn on a zero radius axis, go slowly
and move one Steering Control Lever
forward and one Steering Control Lever
rearward. (For a right hand turn the left
hand Steering Control Lever will be
ahead of the right hand Steering
Control. For a left hand turn the right
hand Steering control will be ahead of
the left hand Steering Control.)
CAUTION
AVOID HILL AND SLOPES. USE EXTREME
CAUTION WHEN MOWING UP OR DOWN
SLOPES. NEVER MOW ACROSS THE FACE
OF A SLOPE. IF A SLOPE MUST BE
ASCENDED, BACK UP THE SLOPE; DRIVE
FORWARD WHEN DESCENDING.
13. TO STOP:
A. Move Steering Control Levers to neutral
position and then to the “OUT” position.
B. Disengage the mower blade clutch by
moving the clutch to the “OFF” position.
C. Set the parking brake.
D. Slow engine speed with throttle to
slowest position.
E.
Turn ignition key to “OFF” position.
F.
Remove the key and wait for all
movement and all sound to cease
before dismounting.
CAUTION
FOR SMOOTH, SAFE OPERATION, MOVE
THE STEERING CONTROL LEVER(S) IN A
GENTLE, SLOW MOTION. NEVER PULL OR
PUSH THE STEERING CONTROL LEVER(S)
RAPIDLY, ESPECIALLY ON GRADES.
CAUTION
WHEN LEAVING THE MOWER
UNATTENDED, ALWAYS REMOVE THE KEY
AND SET THE PARKING BRAKE, EVEN IF
JUST FOR A FEW MOMENTS. HELP
PROTECT CHILDREN AND OTHER
UNAUTHORIZED PERSONS FROM
ACCIDENTS.
10. BRAKING: To brake mower, gently move
the Steering Control Levers in the direction
opposite to travel. If the parking brake is
engaged with the Steering Control Lever(s)
in the “IN” position the engine will stop.
11. CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT: With the
Cut Height Adjustment Lever latched
into the top cut height latch. Insert Cut
Height Stop Pin to desired cutting
height. Pull Cut Height Adjustment
Lever rearward and then to the left to
clear top cut height latch. Lower Cut
Height Adjustment Lever until it rests on
Cut Height Stop Pin. NOTE: Pushing
9
14. TO FREE WHEEL MACHINE: UNLOCK
TRANSMISSION: Unscrew both bypass
valves between ½ to 1 full turn
counterclockwise. To reset, turn valves
clockwise. DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN.
MOWING RECOMMENDATIONS
1.
Keep mower blades sharp.
2.
Make sure deck and discharge are
clean.
Hydrostatic Transmission
CAUTION
POWER MUST BE OFF TO CLEAN
DISCHARGE CHUTE. TURN ENGINE OFF
AND WAIT FOR ALL MOVING PARTS TO
STOP.
Bypass Valve
(one on each hydrostatic
transmission)
NOTE: The tractor should never be pulled at
more than 2 miles per hour or for any
appreciable distance.
10
3.
When mowing tall grass, make two
passes, mowing off 1/2 of the desired
cut on the first pass, and then the
desired height the second pass. Check
for hidden dangers first.
4.
Go slowly for trimming.
5.
Always cut grass with the engine at full
throttle speed. This “ENGINE” speed
allows the cutting blades to operate at
optimum cutting speed. Control
“GROUND” speed with the Control
Lever(s).
6.
Vary ground speed to suit conditions
(i.e. go slower in tall thick grass, on hills,
wet conditions, etc.).
MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE, TURN OFF ENGINE
REMOVE KEY AND DISCONNECT SPARK PLUGS. USE EXTREME CARE WHEN WORKING ON
MACHINERY. DO NOT WEAR WATCHES OR JEWELRY. DO NOT WEAR LOOSE FITTING
CLOTHES, AND OBSERVE ALL COMMON SAFETY PRACTICES WITH TOOLS.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
SERVICE
WHEN
Check crankcase oil level --------------------------------------------------------------------- before each use
Clean grass from Hydrostatic Transmission fins and oil cooler ---------------------- before each use
Check air intake screen --------------------------------------------------------------------------- after each use
Clean grass under deck -------------------------------------------------------------------------- after each use
Check tire pressure ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- every 10 hours
Check battery fluid -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- every 10 hours
Sharpen mower blades -------------------------------------------------------------------------- every 10 hours
Clean air filter pre-cleaner element ----------------------------------------------------------- every 25 hours
Check Hydrostatic Transmission oil level --------------------------------------------------- every 25 hours
Check drive belts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- every 50 hours
(20 hours break-in)
Service Air Cleaner Filter Element ---------------------------------------------------------- every 100 hours
Change engine crankcase oil ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 100 hours
oil filter -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 200 hours
Replace air filter element --------------------------------------------------------------- annually or 500 hours
Check spark plugs ------------------------------------------------------------------------ annually or 500 hours
Service battery ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- annually or 500 hours
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Replace decals when illegible. Write factory for free replacement.
11
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
1.
Correct tire pressure is essential for
efficient operation of the mower. Check
tire pressure as requested in the
maintenance schedule. Inflate tires to
the pressures listed below:
ENGINE:
For complete maintenance and
operating information for your engine,
please refer to your engine operating
and maintenance instructions furnished
by the engine manufacturer and
included in your Country Clipper Zero
Turning Radius Mower information
packet.
Model
All
Models
Rear tires
12 psi
Lug nuts should be torqued to 75 ft/lbs
and checked regularly for tightness.
NOTE: Air intake screen must be kept
clean. If plugged, engine may be
seriously damaged by over heating.
2.
Front tires
12 psi
4.
MOWER BLADES:
Check sharpness of mower blades after
every 10 hours of operation. To
sharpen blades proceed as follows:
BATTERY:
CAUTION
CAUTION
BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS A POISONOUS
AND CORROSIVE SULFURIC ACID
SOLUTION. AVOID SPILLING ON SKIN,
EYES, AND CLOTHING.
STOP ENGINE, REMOVE IGNITION KEY AND
SPARK PLUGS FOR SAFETY.
Keep the electrolyte level above the
plates in each cell by adding distilled
water as it becomes necessary. Add
water just before operating the mower to
mix the water with the solution. Be
careful not to overfill the battery -- the
electrolyte solution is corrosive and can
cause damage to surrounding metal
parts if it should spill. When taking the
battery out of the mower for servicing,
make sure to connect the cables to the
battery exactly as they were prior to
removal. Always disconnect the ground
( - ) wire first and always reconnect the
ground ( - ) wire last.
A. Remove bolt, lockwasher, and cup
washer mounting blade on shaft.
Remove blade.
B. Blades should be discarded when worn
excessively.
DANGEROUS!
DO NOT USE
BLADE IN THIS
CONDITION
New Blade
25 degrees
C. Sharpen blades with a hand file, electric
grinder or blade sharpener. Wear
gloves and eye protection when
sharpening. Grind blade at original 25
degree bevel.
D. Check balance of blade by positioning
the blade on a nail or blade balance
pedestal. Grind the blade on the end
that is heavier until both sides balance.
Keep the battery clean. Remove the
corrosion around the battery terminals
by applying a solution of one part baking
soda to four parts water. Coat all
exposed terminal surfaces with a light
layer of grease or petroleum jelly to
prevent corrosion.
NOTE: At temperatures below 32 degrees F (0
degrees C) the full charge state must be
maintained to prevent cell electrolyte
from freezing and causing permanent
battery damage.
3.
When notch
starts, discard
blade
E.
TIRES:
12
Install blade, cup washer, lockwasher,
and bolt. Make sure to tighten bolt to 60
ft.lbs.
5.
V-BELTS:
7. PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT:
All belts should be checked every 50
hours. Replace any belts found to be in
poor condition. All belts are equipped
with spring loaded belt tighteners and do
not require tightening adjustments.
6.
A. Move Parking Brake Lever to the “OFF”
position.
B. With moderate pressure manually
actuate the Lower Brake Arm up and
forward. Tighten the Brake Adjustment
Nut to have approximately ½” of “freeplay” between the Brake Adjustment Nut
and Brake Anchor Mount.
C. Repeat for the other side
LUBRICATION:
A. Engine: Follow engine manufacturer’s
recommendation.
B. Deck Spindles: Lubricate with 3 “shots”
only, every 100 hours.
Brake Anchor Mount
½” Clearance (approx.)
C. Hydrostatic Transmissions: Check oil
level in Hydraulic Oil Reservoir after
every 25 hours of use. Oil level should
be checked when oil is COLD. If
necessary add 20W-50 motor oil to the
reservoir. DO NOT OVERFILL.
Thoroughly clean the Hydraulic Oil
Reservoir Cap and the surrounding area
PRIOR to removal of the cap. Take
caution to keep all foreign matter out of
the Hydraulic Oil Reservoir.
Lower Brake Arm
Change the oil in the Hydraulic Oil
Reservoir after the first 100 hours of
use, and then every 500 hours after
that. To change oil, remove the
Hydraulic Oil Filter and allow all of the
oil to drain from the Hydraulic Oil
Reservoir. Replace with a new
Hydraulic Oil Filter (P/N H-2026) and
20W-50 Motor Oil.
Hydraulic Oil Reservoir
Hydraulic Oil Filter
13
Brake Adjustment Nut
8.
9. JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER
SENSITIVITY ADJUSTMENT
JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT:
To change the sideways turning
response adjust as follows:
With the engine running, if the machine
travels in either direction when the
Joystick Control Lever is in the neutral
“DOWN” position, stop the engine,
elevate the rear wheels clear of the
ground and adjust as follows:
A. Remove the right hand fender skirt
exposing the Joystick Control Lever
assembly.
B. Remove the cross bolt, nut, and
spacers
A. Remove the right hand fender skirt
exposing the Joystick Control Lever
Assembly.
C. Reassemble the spacers as desired.
(2) spacers between the rod end ball
joints and the joystick pivot shaft will
quicken the side to side response, (1)
spacer slows the response.
B. Start the engine.
C. Run engine at fast idle with Joystick
Control Lever in the “DOWN” position.
NOTE: It is important that there is at least one
spacer on each side of the rod end ball
joints to prevent damage. Also the
small diameter of the spacer must point
towards the rod end ball joint.
D. Loosen the locknuts tightened against
the rod end ball joints on the Upper
Linkage Rod Assembly that
corresponds to the wheel that is turning.
Note: One of these is a left hand nut and
will have to be turned backwards.
E. Adjust the Neutral Position by turning
the rod in the Upper Linkage Rod
Assembly until the wheel stops turning.
F. Retighten the locknuts on Upper
Linkage Rod Assembly and check to
make sure the drive wheel is still not
turning.
Spacers (3)
per side
Cross Bolt
G. Repeat steps B through F for other side.
H.
Joystick
Pivot Shaft
Shut off engine before removing from
blocks. Replace fender skirt.
Lock Nut
Left hand Upper
Linkage Rod
Assembly
Right hand Upper
Linkage Rod
Assembly
Lock Nut
14
10. JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER DETENT
ADJUSTMENT:
Lock Nut
If the Joystick Control Lever does not
lock in the “UP” position, turn the detent
adjustment screw clockwise until a
desirable locking action is obtained. If
the Joystick Control Lever is hard to
slide up and down, turn the detent
adjustment screw counter-clockwise
until a desirable sliding action is
obtained.
Upper Linkage
Rod Assembly
Lock Nut
Joystick
Assembly
9. To Adjust “IN” Position of the Twinstick
Steering Control Levers:
Detent
Adjustment
8. TWINSTICK CONTROL LEVER
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT:
A. Remove the fender skirts from each side
of the machine.
B. Block up the unit so that the Drive
Wheels are off the ground.
C. Start the engine and run at a fast idle
with the Steering control levers in the
“out” position.
D. Loosen the locknuts tightened against
the rod end ball joints in the Upper
Linkage Assembly. (Note: One of these
is a left hand nut and will have to be
turned backwards.)
E. Adjust the Neutral Position by turning
the rod in the upper linkage until the
wheel stops turning.
F. Retighten the nuts on the Upper Linkage
Assembly and check to see that the
drive wheel is still not turning.
G. Repeat steps B-F for the other side.
H. Shut off engine before removing the
blocks.
(see Illustration at top of next column)
A.
Remove the Front Bolts, Nuts and
Washers which hold the Fender Cap in
place.
B.
Pull the boot from the hole in the fender
cap, exposing the cast iron lever.
C.
Using a 5/32” Allen Wrench, turn the
setscrew to adjust the stop.
D.
Replace the Boot into the hole in the
Fender Cap.
E. Replace the Front Bolts, Nuts, and
Washers.
(see Illustration on next page)
15
In a large open area, actuate the Control
lever(s) into the full forward position. If the
mower veers in either direction left or right
some adjustment is necessary. If the
mower veers to the right, then the right
hydrostat needs to be sped up. If the
mower veers to the left, then the left
hydrostat needs to be sped up.
10. To Align Twinstick Control Lever
Handles Forward / Reverse:
A. Sit on the seat and push the control
levers full forward and full backward. If
the ends do not match the handles
maybe adjusted as follows:
B. Locate Setscrew stops in the Steering
Control Lever Base which stop the lever
in each direction. (Note: The one at the
rear is the stop for FWD and the one in
the front is the stop for REV.)
A.
Stop the machine and shut off the
engine.
B.
Slightly loosen the bolt at the lower end
of the upper linkage assembly on the
side that is slower. Using a 1/8” hex
wrench turn the setscrew ¼ turn in. It
may take several test drives to get the
mower to track straight forward.
C.
Once the tracking is to the operators
liking, completely tighten the bolt on the
control linkage assembly that was
loosened earlier.
C. Adjust setscrew stops so that handles
line-up together when shifted full
forward and full reverse.
Access Hole to
Control Lever
“Forward” Stop
Control Lever “IN”
position Stop
D. Recheck to make sure neutral adjust
has not been effected. Readjust neutral
if necessary.
Setscrew to adjust
forward tracking
Control Lever
“Reverse” Stop
Upper Linkage Assembly
Loosen Nut
Note: To prevent damage to Control Linkages
the Control Lever must always hit on the
Stop Screws. Never adjust Stops out so
that the Control Lever “bottoms” out
onother parts of the linkage.
11. TO MAKE JOYSTICK MORE
RESPONSIVE:
Remove dampener from front dampener
mounting stud, reattach to back dampener
mounting stud. Move dampeners on both
sides.
See picture to right:
12. ADJUSTING FOR STRAIGHT
FORWARD TRACKING (Joystick and
Twinstick):
16
12. JOYSTICK CONTROL LEVER SHIFTING
FORCE ADJUSTMENT:
To change the amount of force required to
shift the joystick control lever adjust as
follows:
A. Heavier Force to Shift Joystick
Control Lever: Remove e-ring clip from
dampener mounting stud. Position
dampener onto the heavy dampener
mounting stud (top). Re-install the e-ring
clip.
B. Lighter Force to Shift Joystick
Control Lever: Remove e-ring clip from
dampener mounting stud. Position
dampener onto the light dampener
mounting stud (bottom). Re-install the eHeavy Dampener
mounting stud
Light Dampener
mounting stud
E-ring
Dampener
ring clip.
17
BELT ROUTINGS
Hydrostatic Transmission Drive Belt
Insert Small punch or
Screwdriver into this hole to
“Lock” Idler Arm in the
release position when
changing Hydrostat Drive Belt
(viewed from ground looking up)
Release tension from Hydrostat
Drive Belt
Right Hand Hydrostatic
Transmission Pulley
Left Hand Hydrostatic
Transmission Pulley
Hydrostat Drive Belt
P/N D-3769
Idler Arm
Motor Pulley
Deck Drive Belt
Clutch
48” Deck Belt
P/N D-3727
52” Deck Belt
P/N D-3733
60” Deck Belt
P/N D-3764
18
easier if someone stands on the rear
bumper of the tractor). IMPORTANT
NOTE: MAKE SURE THAT THE
DECK IS LIFTED FAR ENOUGH TO
GO COMPLETELY “OVER-CENTER”.
This will prevent the deck from falling
down when servicing the underside of
the mower deck.
PROCEDURE FOR RAISING AND
LOWERING THE DECK FOR
SERVICING
1. RAISING THE DECK:
A. Remove cut height adjustment pin and
completely lower the cut height
adjustment lever. Re-insert the cut
height adjustment pin into the 3-1/2” cut
height position (this will lock the cut
height adjustment lever into the lowest
position).
2. LOWERING THE DECK:
A. Push the bottom (back) of the deck
towards the rear of the tractor. Lower
the deck until it rests on the ground.
B. Release Tension from the Engine to
Deck Drive Belt by carefully rotating the
Deck Belt Tension Latch. Remove the
Engine to Deck Drive Belt from the
clutch on the engine.
B. Lift the rear corner of the deck and reconnect the rear deck mounting latch.
Repeat for the other side.
C. Lift the rear corner of the deck and
disconnect the rear deck mounting
latch. Repeat for the other side.
D. Position the front caster wheels so they
are away from the deck (such as the
tractor would be traveling in reverse).
E. Lift the nose of the deck until the deck
is standing vertical (lifting can be made
Cut Height Adjustment
Lever
C.
Re-install the Engine to Deck Drive belt
onto ALL of the pulleys, including the
clutch. Insure that the Engine to
Deck Drive Belt is properly routed
onto all of the pulleys and idlers in
the drive train.
D.
Carefully rotate the Deck Belt Tension
Latch to re-tension the Engine to Deck
Drive Belt.
Cut Height Adjustment
Pin
Foot Deck
Center Deck Spindle
Deck Belt Tension
Latch
Front Caster
Wheels positioned
out of the way.
Rear Deck Mounting
Latch
19
MOWER SHOWN IN OPERATION
POSITION.
MOWER SHOWN IN SERVICING
POSITION.
Deck Raised
“OVER –CENTER”
Engine to Deck Belt removed
from Center spindle & Clutch
LEVELING THE DECK:
1. Set the tire pressure on all four tires
2. Move the tractor to a hard, level surface (i.e. concrete or blacktop). Place 2 x 4 board under each
corner of the deck shell. Just inside of the anti-scalping wheels in front and under both rear corners.
Lower the deck down onto the boards. The deck must rest on the boards, NOT the anti-scalping
wheels. Adjust the deck hangers longer or shorter until the deck “just” comes off of the boards.
Remove the boards and verify that the deck is hanging on all four deck hangers; re-adjust if
necessary. To set the proper “rake” of the deck shorten both rear deck leveling screws 1-1/2 to
2 turns. Lock the jam nuts on the deck hangers. (NOTE: the two rear deck hangers will be easier to
adjust if the fender skirts are removed).
Rear Deck
Hanger, one each
side
Two turns of the hanger bolts = 5/32”.
The blades should be 1/8” to 1/4” lower
in front for a clean cut.
Pin deck lift in this
hole when leveling a
charger deck.
Two 2 x 4 boards
(stacked on top
of each other).
Place just inside
of anti-scalping
wheels on each
side
2 x 4 board (on
Edge), One each
front corner, just
inside of antiscalping wheels
Front Deck
Hanger, one each
side
20
TROUBLE SHOOTING CHECK LIST
1.
ENGINE WON’T TURN OVER:
Mower blades engaged ------------------------------------------------- disengage blades
Drive not in neutral ------------------------ move Control Lever(s) to neutral position
Blown fuse ------------------------------------------------------------------------ replace fuse
Dead battery --------------------------------------------------------------- charge or replace
Solenoid ------------------------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Ignition switch ------------------------------------------------------------------ consult dealer
Starter ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
2.
ENGINE WILL TURN OVER BUT WON’T START:
No gas -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- refuel
clean or replace fuel filters
Over or under choked --------------------------------------------------------- adjust choke
Spark plug not firing ------------------------------------------------------ check spark plug
condition and reset gap*
Carburetor maladjustment ------------------------------- reset carburetor adjustment*
Ignition switch ------------------------------------------------------------------ consult dealer
3.
HARD TO START ENGINE:
Fuel line clogged ----------------------------------- clean fuel line and check fuel filter
Faulty fuel pump -------------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Spark plug wire loose or grounded ---------------------------- check spark plug wires
Spark plug(s) faulty or improperly gapped -------------------------- check spark plug
condition and reset gap*
Electronic ignition defective ------------------------------------------------ consult dealer
Dirty or maladjusted carburetor ------------------------------------- readjust carburetor*
consult dealer for carburetor service
4.
ENGINE STARTS BUT CUTS OUT:
Water in gasoline ---------------- drain old gasoline and replace with new gasoline
clean carburetor bowl
Clogged fuel line ------------------------------------------------------------- check fuel filter
clean fuel line
Vent in fuel cap plugged --------------------------------------------------------- check vent
Faulty fuel pump -------------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Maladjusted carburetor ----------------------------------------------- readjust carburetor*
Engine dies when Control Lever(s) is move from “neutral” ----- parking brake set
release brake
5.
ENGINE KNOCKS:
Low oil level --------------------------------------------------------------- check and add oil
Ignition timing off ------------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Fuel octane too low ------------------------------------------------- drain and replace with
higher octane gasoline
Over heated engine ---------------------------------- shut off engine and allow to cool
* See engine manual for engine adjustments.
21
6.
ENGINE SOMETIMES SKIPS AT HIGHER SPEEDS:
Incorrect Ignition Timing ---------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Carburetor maladjusted ----------------------------------------------- readjust carburetor
Faulty spark plugs -------------------------------------------------------- check spark plug
condition and reset gap*
Bouncing off seat safety switch -------------------------- slow down on rough terrain
7.
ENGINE OVER HEATED:
Air intake screen or fins clogged ------------------------ clean intake screen and fins
Fuel mixture too lean ------------------------------------------------- readjust carburetor*
Oil level too low or too high ------------------------------------------------ adjust oil level
Improper ignition timing ----------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Running engine too slow ------------------------------------------------ run engine faster
(NOTE: Always mow at full throttle setting.)
8.
ENGINE IDLES POORLY:
Carburetor maladjustment -------------------------------------------- readjust carburetor
Improper spark plug gap ---------------------------------------- check and re-gap plug*
9.
ENGINE BACKFIRES:
Carburetor maladjustment ------------------------------------------ readjust carburetor*
10.
ENGINE RUNS BUT MOWER WON’T MOVE FORWARD:
Transmission locks in free wheel position --------- put in lock position (see pg. 10)
Drive belt broken or slipping ------------------------------------------- replace drive belt
Shift linkage disconnected ------------------------------------------------------- reconnect
Transmission oil low ---------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Bad transmission -------------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
11.
MOWER LOSES POWER OR TRANSMISSIONS OVER HEATS:
Transmission damage ------------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
12.
ENGINE STALLS WHEN BLADES ARE ENGAGED:
Operator not on seat -------------------------------------------------------------- sit on seat
Faulty interlock system ------------------------------------------------------ consult dealer
Bad blade spindle bearing -------------------------------------------------- consult dealer
Deck drive belt not properly routed ------------------------------------------------ reroute
Blades blocked by foreign material ----------------------------------- clean under deck
•
22
See engine manual for engine adjustments.
WIRING SCHEMATIC
Black wires = Ground
Red wires = Power
Blue wires = Kill Circuit
Yellow wires = Start Circuit
Green wires = Signal Circuit
BRAKE SWITCH
N.C.
COM
KOHLER
ENGINE PLUG #2
TWIN LEVER STEER ONLY
MAGNETO
CHARGE
OIL PRESSURE
SWITCH
FUEL
SOLENOID
OPTIONAL
KOHLER
ENGINE PLUG #1
MAGNETO
CHARGE
FUEL
SOLENOID
OPTIONAL
OPTIONAL
PTO SWITCH
N.O.
(CIRCUIT "C")
N.C.
(CIRCUIT "C")
COM. (CIRCUIT "A")
N.O. (CIRCUIT "A")
OPTIONAL
IGNITION SWITCH
COM.
(CIRCUIT "C")
S
23
M
B
L
G
START SWITCH
POSITION
CIRCUIT MAKE
OFF
G+M
ON
B+L
START
B+L+S
HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC:
OIL COOLER
OIL TANK
OIL
FILTER
CASE DRAIN
CHARGE PUMP INLET
HIGH PRESSURE
HIGH PRESSURE - FORWARD
HIGH PRESSURE
- REVERSE
HIGH PRESSURE - REVERSE
LEFT-HAND
WHEEL MOTOR
RIGHT-HAND
WHEEL MOTOR
NOTES / SERVICE RECORDS:
DATE
SERVICE WORK COMPLETED
24
HIGH PRESSURE - FORWARD
RIGHT-HAND
HYDROSTATIC
TRANSMISSION
LEFT-HAND
HYDROSTATIC
TRANSMISSION
Safety Instructions & Operators Manual
®
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Country Clipper Division
Shivvers Manufacturing Inc.
613 W. English St.
Corydon, IA 50060-0467
Ph. 641-872-2544
Fax. 641-872-1593
25