SEARS OWNER'S MANUAL 3 WIRE CONTROL CENTER 3-WIRESUBMERSIBLE PUMPMODELNos. 390.284021 390.284071 390.284031 390.284081 390.284041 390.28409] 390.284051 390.284370 390.284061 390.284380 390.284390 CONTROLCENTER Nos. 390.284121 390.284251 390.284131 390.284261 390.2841 390.284271 2-WIRESUBMERSIBLE PUMPMODELNos. 390.285511 390.2855 390.2853 CAUTION: Read and Follow All Safety Rulesand Operating Instructions Before FirstUse of This Product. SaveThisManual For FutureReference. I:RRFTSMRN° TWO and THREE WIRE SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS • Safety Instructions • Installation • Operation • Troubleshooting • Repair Parts Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 PRINTED IN U.S.A. U.S.A. Form No. F642-04078 (7/21/04) INTRODUCTION CONTENTS Safety ................................................................................... 2 Please Pump 3 stalling your submersible pump. It vffll help to assure perfect installation and help you avoid needless service expenses. Performance/General Before Information You Start/Tools/Materials ........................... ........................................ 4 Installation Piping .................................................................... Electrical Helpful Hints ................................................................. 13-15 FOR SAFE INSTALLATION all safety instructions in this man- nents personal injury, death [AWARNING] warns personal about hazards or major about injury, death property hazards or major that property [_ CAUTION ] warns about hazards minor personal in jury or property The word important that will cause damage can damage To avoid risk damage, read stalling pump. of serious bodily safety instructions 1. _kWARNING Under certain serious are LAWARNING[Hazardous voltage. cause death, or start fires. 7. Disconnect electrical working on pump. and electrical install a pressure power source Can shock, before burn, installing 8. Use pump only in a well application. 9. Correct fusing, vdring and grounding are essential proper operation. See Page 6 for electrical instructions. submersible Hazardous pressure of passing plumbing 6. With a new well, test well water for purity before using. Constflt your local Health Department for procedure. injury and property carefully before inconditions, warranty. national pump. 5. To protect system against over-pressure, relief valve (Stock No. 2729). if ignored. which will void 4. Protect pump and piping system from freezing. Allowing pump or water system to freeze could severely damage pump and voids warranty. serious that will or can cause damage if ignored. NOTICE indicates special instructions but not related to hazards. to freeze OPERATION 3. Keep well covered while installing pump to prevent leaves and other foreign material from falling into well, contaminating the well and possibly damaging the pump. if ignored. cause AND 2. Follow local and/or codes when installing This is the safety alert symbol. When you see this symbol on your pump or in this manual, look for one of the following signal words and be alert to the potential for personal injury! warns in- 11-12 _1, _ before 6-8 Parts .............................................................................. Carefully read and follow ual or on pump. to read our instructions 4-5, 8-12 ........................................................................ RULES take a few minutes pumps can develop pressure. Install a pressure extremely relief valvehighcapable entire pump flow at 75 PSI (517kPa). or to 10. Line voltage and frequency listed on motor nameplate must agree with line voltage and frequency of electrical power supply. 11. Use of fuses or wire smaller than size recommended in owner's manual can cause overheating, possible fires, and will void warranty. _kDo not allow pump, pressure tank, piping, or any other system component containing water to freeze. Freezing may damage system, leading to injury or flooding. Allowing pump or system compo2 GENERAL INFORMATION NOTICE: Model Number of your pump is located on the pump shell. Record this number and keep in a safe place for future reference in the event service is needed. Record the following information installation and retain R for future The most important things you should know about your well are: (l) its total depth; (2) depth to water; (3) draw down water level. Pump 1. The well total depth is the level to the well bottom. Volts distance from the Model Control at the time reference: of No. Center Model No. Horsepower ground Phase 2. Depth to water is measured water level in the well when from the ground level to the the pump is not running. 3. Draw down water level is the distance from ground level to the water level while water is being pumped. In most wells, the water level drops when water is being pumped. Usually you can obtain this information driller. Enter it in box at fight. Table from your Hertz Full Load Amps Well Casing Diameter Wetl Depth Depth well Draw I - Pump Performance Residential Model Number H.P. Voltage Stages Discharge Pressure P.SJ, 390.285511 390.2855 390.284021 390.2853 390.284031 390.284041 390.284051 1/2 1/2 1/2 3/4 3/4 1 1-1/2 115 230 230 230 230 230 230 6 6 6 8 8 10 14 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 390.284061 390.284071 390,284081 390,284091 1 1-1/2 2 3 230 230 230 230 7 9 12 17 40 40 40 40 390.284370 390.284380 390.284390 1-1/2 2 3 230 230 230 6 8 12 Chart to Water Down Water Level (In Gallons Per Minute) Pumps with 1-1/4" Discharge Pumping Depth in Feet * 20 40 60 80 100 125 150 175 200 250 300 350 400 13.6 13.6 13.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 11.5 11.5 11.5 13.5 13.5 10.1 10.1 10.1 12.7 12.7 - 8.6 8.6 8.6 11.9 11.9 13.5 10.7 10.7 12.9 9.4 9.4 11.9 7.9 7.9 10.9 13.5 9.8 12.9 7.4 11.7 10.4 8.9 7.1 18,8 23.7 - 15.4 22.2 26.7 20.8 25.5 17.2 23.8 21.7 19.6 16.8 35.9 34.5 32.6 28.3 High Capacity Pumps with 1-1/4" Discharge 26,4 24.7 - 22.7 25,8 20.7 24.3 18.4 22,9 26.4 21.0 25.1 Extra-High Capacity Pumps with 1-1/4" Discharge 40 40 40 36.0 93.5 - 30.8 36.6 34.8 - 32.8 38.8 29.8 37.3 *Pumping depth in feet is the maximum distance to water from ground level. This maximum distance (drawdown In most cases, when pump is not running, the water level will dse to a higher point in the well. TABLE II - Fusing, Wiring Model Number Type 390.285511 390.2855 390.2853 2-Wire 2-Wim 2-Wim 390.284021 390.284031 390.284041 390.284061 390.284051 390.284071 390.284370 390.284081 390.284380 390.284091 390.284390 3-Wim 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire 3-Wire Control Box No. 390.284121 390.264131 390.2841 390.2841 390.284251 390.284251 390.284251 390.284261 390.284261 390.284271 390.284271 water level) occurs while pump is operating. and Cable Selection (Copper Max Circuit Breaker Conductors Only) AWG Cable Size HP Volts Load Amps Rating (Amps) 12 10 8 1/2 1/2 3/4 115 230 230 12.0 6.0 8.0 30 15 20 160 650 480 250 1020 760 1610 390 1200 1/2 3/4 1 1 1-1/2 1-1/2 1-1/2 2 2 3 3 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 6.0 8.0 9.8 9.8 11.5 11.5 11.5 13.2 13.2 17.0 17.0 15 20 25 25 30 30 30 25 25 40 40 650 480 400 400 310 310 310 250 250 190 190 1020 76O 630 63O 48O 48O 48O 39O 39O 3OO 300 } Max. Cable Length in FeetDisconnect switch to motor _, Max. Cable _k Disconnect Length in Feet switch to motor 1610 1200 990 990 770 770 770 620 620 47O 470 INSTALLATION Standard Air Tank Installation Pitless Adapter Sanitary Well Seal Service Sanitary WellSeal with Plug Conduit or Sleeve Pipe Tee Galvanized _ctrical El_p_ Captive Air'Tank ipe Pitless ToTank _'_ --'- Electrical Well Seal (Purchase Locally) 2 Ft, (Purchase , Pitless Adapter Conduit or Sleeve TO Tank ---_ WellSeal Installation ; Galvanized To Tank -- Check Locally) Valve Power 2 Ft. 3 Ft. Bleeder _Oriticies 3 Ft, \ _ Plastic Pipe Adapter Clamps* Cable Nylon Tape -- Galvanized Pipe up through well seal Splices Tape Cable Torque Arrester (Purchase Locally) Ny_n Tape • Plastic pipe adapter, pipe clamps, and torque arrester used only with plastic pipe. Splices Guide Torque Cable sa__ Arrester (Pumha Centenng UkeTh_ Looal,y, IJll I: Typical Well t 178 0794 Manifold Detail Pipe Installations between mark and object If drawdown the bottom water level is not known, of the well. set pump for depth Plastic No, 2782 Marlin2 dKit • Pressure Gauge Stock No. 2768 Needed Pipe Installation Tools: Knife, Wire Adjustable Wrench, of 5 feet from Cutters, Pliers, Screwdriver, Hammer, Hacksaw, Pipe Wrenches (2). Electrical Disconnect (3ox To Pump Motor Disconnect Ele_dcal Volume Control Box To Pump Motor Control Centert From Pressure e Gate Wel_l , Valve Relief Valve Control" Centert From Well Figure 3: Standard Valve Figure 2: Captive-Air* Pressure Sw tch Stock Study Figures 1 thru 3. Figure 1 shows the piping and electrical connections of a submersible pump in a well. Figure 2 shows typical installation of a Captive Air® Tank System• Figure 3 shows typical installations of a Standard Air Tank System• These illustrations will help you determine what materials you will need for piping. To Sewice l ._ Submersible/" Pressure Basic Tools and Materials 3. Remove float, replace with a heavy object that will sink in water and drop it into the well until string becomes slack. Mark string and pull object from well. distance NotUkeTnis • Relief Valve _ Stock No. 2729 P_cP If depth of well and the distance to the water level in the well are not known, proceed as follows: 1. Tie an object that will float to the end of a ball of string and drop it into the well. 2. When float hits water and string becomes slack, mark the string and pull float from well. Measure distance between mark and float for the water level in the well. 4. Measure well. - Splice Cables Pipe Adapter* Plastic r_ Pump Figure Pipe Adapter• ss3c594 Pressure Tank Installation "i"NOTICE: Control Center is used only. For 2-wire pumps, run cable sure switch to motor. Pressure Tank Installation 4 with 3-wire pumps directly from pres- INSTALLATION Materials: Plastic Pipe and Fittings (as required to complete job); Teflon Tape (DO NOT use pipe joint compound on plastic fittings); Centering Guides - Stock No. 2724. Galvanized Steel Pipe Installation Tools: Knife, Wire Cutters, Pliers, Screwdriver, Adjustable Wrench, Hacksaw, Pipe Wrenches Cutting and Threading Tools. Hammer, (2), Pipe Materials: Galvanized Pipe and Fittings (as required to complete job); Pipe Joint Compound or Teflon Tape; Centering Guides - Stock No. 2724. Safety Pressure Relief Valve Stock No. 2729 For your protection, install this pressure Purchase from your local Sears Store. relief This relief valve is designed to protect home water from excessive pressure. It is factory preset to start pressure at 75 PSI (pounds per square inch). Use home water systems with pumps listed in this Manual. 1. For maximum protection, pressure tank. 2. valve. systems relieving only on Owners Install valve directly in pipe tee. Do not use any reducers or pipe extensions. Tee must be located in main pump supply line to tank. See diagram Page 4. Protect relief valve from freezing, dirt, and any other possible damage that would cause the valve not to function. 4. Long lengths of pipe or hose connected to the relief valve discharge port can limit the amount of water and pressure that can be relieved, ff necessary to pipe away from relief valve, use minimum 1-1/4" plastic pipe. 5. Protect everything in the immediate area of the relief valve from water damage in the event the relief valve operates. Gauge A Pressure Gauge, Stock No. 2768, can be installed. It will indicate the pressure at which pump starts and stops and any pressure in between. Motor The motor is water Pressure Switch filled type, and is ready to run as received. Control A device mounted on a standard tank in order to keep enough air in the tank to prevent waterlogging the tank. Operating a water system with no air cushion in the pressure tank can cause water hammer, rapid pump cycling, and damage to the system. Engine--Generators For Submersible Listed are the minimum Watt ratings required to power your Submersible event of an electrical power failure. Any additional loads, such as lights, loads, and the correct size used. Be sure mersible Pumps for Engine Generators Pump motor in the must be added your generator is the same voltage motor. See Table II, Page 3. Pump Motor HP sub- Minimum Watt Rating of Generator 3-Wire Motors 2-Wire Motors 2,000 2,400 3/4 3,000 2,900 1 4,000 - 1-1/2 5,000 - 2 7,500 - 3 10,000 - Overload to these as your 1/2 locate valve within 2 ft. of the 3. The Air Volume Protector This is a safety switch which opens when a momentary short or surge of power occurs or when the pump is stuck or locked with sand. It prevents the motor from burning out. It is built into the pump motor (2-Wire motors and 1/2 through 1 HP 3-Wire motors) or the Control Center (1-1/2 through 3 HP 3-Wire motors). 1/2 through 1 HP motors automatleally restart after the motor cools. If the protector continues to open, the trouble should be located before continuing operation. 1-1/2 through 3 HP motors must be manually reset at control center. Centering Guides Install centering guides (Stock No. 2724) to keep the pump, pipe, and electrical cable from coming in contact with the well casing wall. Purchase separately. Install an automatic pressure switch (Stock No. 2782) set to start pump at 40 lbs. pressure and stop pump when the system pressure reaches 60 lbs. See Figures 2 and 3, Page 4. Tank Control Center (3-Wire Pumps only) The tank serves two water, which can be The tank maintains a tank pressure falls far functions. It provides a reservoir of drawn off through the house fixture. cushion of air under pressure. When enough, pump will start. Mark mounting screw locations on the wall and hang control center as close to pressure tank as possible. BE SURE to mount Control Center so that it hangs vertically and is level. It may not function normally otherwise. Two types of tanks are available: Captive Air® and Standard. The Air Volume Control (AVC) maintains the cushion of air in Standard Tanks. No Air Volume Control is needed with a Captive Air® Tank. NOTICE: References to "2-Wire" or "3-Wire" motors refer to the load-carrying wires running to the motor. All motors have a ground wire in addition to the load conductors, so that you will see four wires when looking at a "3-Wire" motor (3 load conductors plus a ground wire), and three wires when looking at a _2-Wire" motor (2 load conductors plus a ground wire). "3-Wire" motors require an electrical disconnect switch plus a Control Center; "2-Wire" motors use only an electrical disconnect switch. The control center contains the electrical equipment (other than the pressure switch) needed to start and run a 3-Wire motor. ELECTRICAL WIRING Make sure that the line voltage and frequency stamped on the motor nameplate agree with the voltage and frequency of the electrical power supply. If in doubt, check with your electric power company or a licensed electrician. EAWARNING_Hazardous voltage. Can shock burn, or cause death. Install pump with all electrical wiring and grounding in accordance with your local electrical code. Install and use pump only in a well application. Disconnect power before installing pump, pressure switch, and control center. Make sure power is off before wiring wiring diagram, Figures 4 and 5. control center. Check Fusing and Wiring Chart from pressure switch to electric comply with your local electrical See Chart, Follow before connecting power. All wiring code• Page 3. Incoming Power Supply Wires Motor Ground Leads Strain Relief Motor Figure 4: Wiring connections for I-I/2, 2, and 3 HP Control Centers. Color-Coded Motor Leads Ground Connection lncomir Power Supply Relief 1179 Figure 5: Wiring connections I12, 314, and I HP Control 6 Centers. 0794 Power Cable to Motor wires must ELECTRICAL Important Electrical Grounding Information IA WARNING I Hazardous voltage. the Canrisk shock, burn, or kill To reduce of electrical shock during pump operation, ground and bond the pump and motor as follows: A. To reduce risk of electrical shock from metal parts of the assembly other than the pump, bond together all metal parts accessible at the well head (including metal discharge pipe, metal well casing, and the like). Use a metal bonding conductor at least as large as the power cable conductors running down the well to the pump's motor. B. Clamp or weid (or both if necessary) this bonding conductor to the grounding means provided with the pump, which will be the equipment_grounding terminal, the grounding conductor on the pump housing, or an equipment-grounding lead. The equipment-grounding lead, when provided, will be the conductor having green insulation; it may" also have one or more yellow stripes. C. Ground the pump, motor, and any metallic conduit that carties power cable conductors. Ground these back to the service by connecting a copper conthtctor from the pump, motor, and conduit to the grounding screw provided within the supplyconnection box wiring compartment. This conductor must be at least as large as the circuit conductors supplying the pump. Save these instructions. Surge Protection For protection against damage caused by high surges, your motor has built-in surge protectors. NOTICE: Surge protectors will not protect near direct lightning strikes! against voltage direct or GROUNDING Method #1: Soldering (Figure 6). Stagger the pigtail ends of the motor leads and the cable. Cut each lead about 4" longer than the last one. Trim the insulation back 1/2" on each lead. Unscrew the plastic caps from the insulator. Place parts on each end of the wire to be spliced, as shown. Unscrew the plastic caps from the insulator. Place parts on each end of the wire to be spliced, as shown in Figure 6. Then proceed to splice the wires. Strip both wire ends about 1-1/2". Be sure the surface is scraped clean. Overlap the two ends so there is about 1/2" space between the insulation ends. Twist the wire about 1-1/2 turns. With pliers, wind the remaining wire on each end closely around the other wire as shown. Use a soldering iron and a resin core solder or pure solder with a non-acid soldering paste to solder the joint. After splicing, center the body of the insulator over the splice. Slide the neoprene sleeves down into the recesses in the body as far as they will go. Screw the caps on to tile insulator, tightening them securely by hand. This makes a strong, waterproof splice. Method (Figure 6) Splice the wires with a butt-type connector using a crimphag tool. After splicing, center the body of the insulator over the splice. Slide the neoprene sleeves down into the recesses in the body as far as they will go. Screw the caps onto the insulator, tightening them securely by hand. This makes a strong waterproof splice. Wire Ends Ready to Splice: Strip 1/2" back for crimp-type connectors Strip 1-1/2" back for soldered connection ff plastic well casing is used in your installation, ground the metal well cap or well seal, providing electrical leads to the pump motor go through the well cap or well seal. The grounding conductor need not be larger than the circuit conductors supplying the motor providing circuit conductors conform to the wiring data provided in this manual. NOTICE: Connectors Stagger the pigtail ends of the motor leads and the cable. Cut each lead about 4" longer than the last one. Trim the insulation back 1/2" on each lead. Unscrew the plastic caps from the insulator. Place parts on each end of the wire to be spliced, as shown. Permanently ground all electrical components in accordance with the National Electrical Code and applicable local codes and ordinances. Make a permanent ground using a conductor of correct size from a grounded lead in the service panel or a properly driven and grounded ground rod. DO NOT ground to a gas supply line. DO NOT connect to electric power supply until unit is permanently grounded. CABLE #2: Crimptype Wire Spliced (Cdmped) SPLICING Match colors of wires in cable to colors of wires / coming from motor. For #14, #12, or #10 Wire Wire Spliced (Soldered) Cable Installation Included in the splice kit are three plastic splice insulators and four butt connectors; use two insulators on "2-Wire" motors and 3 insulators on "3-Wire" motors. The extra connector is for the ground lead. The insulating sleeves can be used on wire cable sizes #14, #12 and #10. No tape is required for this type of joint. To use the insulators stagger the pigtail ends of the motor leads and the cable. Cut each lead about 4" longer than the last one. Cap screwed on Gasket sleeve in place Insulator body centered 1182 0794 over splice Figure 6: Crimped splice and soldered splice. ELECTRICAL/PIPING Method #3: Cable Splicing for #8 Wire Cable (Splice to #10 or smaller wire ONLY) 1. Remove 3/8" insulation from end of motor and from drop cable leads. tubing over motor pigtail leads 2. Place heat shrink pigtail leads. 3. Insert leads into butt connector and crimp with crimping tool. Pull leads to check connection. 4. Center tubing over butt connector and apply heat with a propane torch (a match or lighter wifl not supply enough hea0. NOTICE: Keep torch moving; too much concentrated heat in one place will ruin tubing and may damage wires. 5. When tubing begins to shdnk, increase concentration of heat at center of tube. As center of tube collapses on wire, work heat out to each end until entire tube is collapsed tight around wire. Heat-shrink tubing / Wire Ends Ready to Splice; Strip 1/2" back for crimp-type connectors INSTALLATION NOTICE: If there is a chance that pump can overpump well, install a Pump Guard (Stock No. 2721) to prevent running pump dry. ff depth of well and the distance to the water level well are not known, See page 4. The pump should set closer than 5 feet from the bottom of the well and be submerged 15 to 20 feet below the draw down level. If the draw down water level is not known, pump 5 feet from the bottom of the well. in the not be should water set the Install centering guides (purchase from Sears - Stock No. 2724). These are used to keep pump, pipe and electrical cable centered in the well. NOTICE: Install a torque protector (available locally) to protect pipe from twisting damage due to motor starting. To prevent the casing dropping covered. anything into the well, keep the top of Lay pump near the well, discharge end pointing outward. Also lay out the well seal or pitless adapter if used, plastic pipe, safety rope, hose clamps, centering guides, tape, electrical cable and tools. If this is a standard pressure tank installation, also lay out the bleeder orifice piping as shown in Figure 8 (below) and Figure 1 on Page 4. ! Wire S#iced (Crimped) Heat with torch: 1. Keep the heat moving. 2. Don't overheat. Figure 7: Heat-Shrink 1181 0794 Splicing. 1186 0794 Figure 8 "Do It Yourself" Installation with polyethylene plastic pipe (For Installation of Steel Pipe, See Pages 10 & II) This "Proven" Do-h-Yourself Installation section is intended to help anyone installing Sears Submersible pumps. If these simple instructions are followed, you will have a successful and professional installation that will last as long as there is water in the well NOTE: The bleeder orifices, check valve and air volume control required for standard tanks are not furnished. A special Air Volume Control Kit containing these parts is available from Sears Product Service, 1-800-366-7278. Not needed with Captive Air@ tank. Polyethylene Pipe is recoumaended in all "Dolt-YourselF' installations. Steel pipe weighs 12 times as much as plastic pipe and special equipment is required. 100 PSI plastic pipe can be used to depths of 100'. 160 PSI plastic pipe can be used to depths of 220'. 1. Install a nylon adapter in the pump discharge Teflon tape on male threads only. The depth and the drawdown level of a new well can be obtained from the well driller. The drawdown water level is the lowest level to which the water in the well will drop while being pumped. Assembly of all components that go into the well should be made horizontally on the ground and then lowered into well. tapping. Use 2. Unroll the plastic pipe in a line away from the pump. Be sure the ground is smooth so as not to damage the pipe or electrical cable. 3. Cut off sealed hacksaw. ends of plastic pipe. Use a sharp knife or PIPING INSTALLATION 4. Trim centering guides if necessary. Centering guides will fit 6 inch or larger well casings and 1 inch drop pipe. For 4 or 5 inch casings, the outside tabs must be trimmed with a hacksaw or knife. See marks on tabs. For drop pipe sizes 1-1/4 and 1-1/2 inch, inside hole of guide must be trimmed. See marks on guide. NOTE: Do not cut hole oversize. A snug fit works best. 5. Slide centering guides on the plastic pipe. First guide should be located about 6 inches above the pump discharge connection. Additional guides should be located at equal intervals on the plastic pipe. After placing first guide about 6 inches above the discharge connection, place a stainless steel hose clamp above the guide. This will prevent guide from sliding up pipe as pump is lowered in well. On other guides, place clamp above and below it to maintain position. Figure 9 6. Slide plastic pipe on to the nylon adapter until it is up to the shoulder on the adapter. Clamp pipe to adapter with 2 stainless steel hose clamps. Place the screw mechanisms on clamps opposite each other. Tape down excess length of hose clamp band. 14.Tie safety rope to pump discharge casting in holes provided. Thread the rope through the centering guides. It is not necessary to tape rope to the pipe. Remove as ranch slack as practical and tie to ring in well seal or well cap in the case of a pidess adapter. 7. Feed motor leads through the first centering guide. Make electric cable splices according to choices on Pages 7 and 8. Stagger the splices by cutting one lead about 4 inches longer than the other one. Tape splices to the plastic pipe. Note that staggering prevents the splices from rubbing on the well casing. I& CAUTION ] Risk of cable damage and electrical shock. Never support the weight of the pump and pipe on the electrical cable. Use the drop pipe for this purpose. Protect the cable from damage when lowering the unit in the well. 8. Unroll the balance of the electrical cable along side of plastic pipe. Be sure not to damage the insulation or kink the wire. Now go back and feed the cable through the centering guides located along the pipe. 15. To lower the pump into the well will require one person at the well doing the actual lowering, and another at the top end of the assembly. Stand as close as possible to well and lower the unit. (Figure 10). 9. If necessary, cut plastic pipe shorter than proper setting to allow for bleeder orifice piping assembly tance down to your pitless adapter. depth or dis- 10. ffa standard pressure tank system is being used, make up bleeder orifice assembly as shown in installation drawings (Figure 1, Page 4). Using teflon tape on all male threads. Assemble this unit to the plastic pipe in same manner as outlined in Step 6. I "x CAUTION ] Assembly may slip Install an elbow on the pipe above safety measure will prevent dropping into the well when lowering it. through well seal. the well seat. This the pipe and pump 11. ff a Captive Air@ pressure tank system is being used, assemble as shown in the typical pump installation with Captive Air@ Tank (Figure 1, Page 4). Note that bleeder orifices and check valves are not used. Figure I 0 12. ff well seal is used, assemble safety ring in bottom part of the seal. Do not rub the pipe or electrical cable on the top of the casing. The second person will bring the assembly toward the well during the lowering process. Clean off any material picked up from the ground as you lower. 13.At about every five feet, tape electrical cable to the pipe (Figure 9). Use 1-1/2 to 2 wraps of tape. This will allow some freedom of cable movement to allow for stretch of the plastic pipe. Leave a surplus of electrical cable at the top for splicing purposes. Surplus can be neatly rocked into top of well casing. 16.If this is a well seal installation, wiring can be completed after well seal is in place. If this is a pidess adapter installation, make final splice at time of well development or when pittess adapter connection has been made. 9 INSTALLATION 17. Develop Test". the well - See "Well Development and draw down water level. If drawdown set the pump 5 feet from the bottom Pump 18. Before piping up a Captive Air@ Tank, be certain air pressure in tank is the same as the cut-in pressure of the pressure switch. For additional information, see instructions on tank or in the tank owners manual. Complete piping to pressure tank. 6. Installation Well 1. with Pipe pipe into discharge and pump test The amount of time spent on well development will vary depending on the condition of the water. Allow yourself at least 2 hours continuous running and do not become alarmed if it takes 4, 5 or more hours to clear up the water. Lower pump into well and tape cable to pipe every 10' with plastic tape. For easy and safe handling in lowering pump into well, it is advisable to use a tripod with a block and tackle. A pipe holder shotfld always be used to support the assembly on top of the well casing while making up the next length of pipe. See Figure 11 below. q IA CAUTION] Risk of cable damage and electrical This well development no-pump wear, trouble procedure will assure free operation. you of long, Do not start pump with discharge open unless velopment procedure has been done and well shock. Never support the weight of the pump and pipe on the electrical cable. Use the drop pipe for this purpose. Protect the cable from damage when lowering the unit in the well. 5. development Well development simply means pumping at very low flow rate to start with and gradually increasing the flow to its maximum. The quality of the water must be visually checked throughout the procedure. of pump. 3. With the pump and pipe in vertical position, tape cable to pipe just above and below the splice connections. 4. and Pump Proper well development will normally clear out all solid materials in the well water. It will also tell you if the well is capable of supplying the full capacity of the pump. If you are not certain of the draw down water level in your well, this can also be measured after pumping at maximum flow for a period of time. Well Depth Proper Pump Setting Electrical Cable Splicing Pressure Tanks Screw a length of galvauized Development 7. Refer to Typical Pump Installation Drawings for proper method of piping depending on the type of pressure tank used. Read the "Do It Yourself Installation with Plastic Pipe" section first. Information on the following items will be found there: Depth to water Drawdown Centering Guides Testing the Pump 2. Steel Develop the well - See "Well Test," below. level is not known, of the well. this deis clear. 1. Connect temporarypiping as shown in Figure 12, below. This includes a gate valve for flow regulation. 2. Add sufficient length of pipe to tbe pump discharge, using pipe joint compound on male threads, until the pump is at the proper setting. Connect motor leads and Figures 4 and 5, Page 6. Do not 3. The pump should not be set closer than 5 feet from the bottom and should be submerged 15 to 20 feet below the pump power supply. and then carefully open of water to be pumped. You can your or electrical disconnect box now start slightly putnp! Temporary wiring to control center or electrical disconnect box Temporary piping m _ Gate valve PIPE Pump installation for developing a well 724 0993 Figure in well 689 0993 II Figure 10 12 See yet! Close the gate valve allow a small amount Control BLOCK start electric to INSTALLATION Low flow will not harm your pump. With the gate valve set in this position, allow water to be pumped on the ground until it is completely clear of solids such as silt and sand. This can be checked by catching some water in a glass container and waiting a period of time to let the solids in the water settle to the bottom of the container. Complete 4. Tnrn off electric wiring. Proceed piping When all connections for operation. and included with your pitless adapter for Well Seal Tighten the 4 bobs on the well seal, thus compressing the rubber sealing member and sealing the well casing, the drop pipe and the cable conduit. A conduit fitting should be used in order to seal the cable at the top of the well seal. Install an air vent in the third opening in the sanitary well seal as shown in the diagrams, Figure 1, Page 4. HELPFUL Trouble Little or no water delivered. HINTS have been made, the pump is ready NOTICE: If there is a chance the pump can over-pump well, install a Pump Guard (Stock No. 2721) to protect against dry running. - TROUBLES, Causes A. Water level in a low producing well drops toe low while pump is operating, causing air lOCk, loss of pdme and possibly sedously damaging pump. this installa- Turn on switch. The pressure switch will stop the pump at 60 PSI, and will allow it to start again when enough water has been drawn to reduce the water system pressure to 40 PSI. This can be checked by opening a faucet and drawing water until the pump starts again. NOTICE: Be sure there is no excessive sand in the water. Sears, Roebuck and Co. and the manufacturer cannot be responsible for damage to the pump and motor caused by excessive sand. (See Well Development.) Pitless Adapter Follow instructions installation. to complete For suggested methods of piping to the tank, refer to Figures 2 and 3, Page 4, for the pressure tank system being installed. Where the tank and controls are installed in a basement or at another location away from the well, it is necessary that the pipe leading from the tank back to the well be buried below the frost fine to prevent freezing. procedure until the valve is is free of solids. power and remove temporary with final installation. and Check Operation At this point the necessary piping tion to the tank should be added. When the water completely clears, open the valve several turns to increase the flow rate and repeat the checking procedure for solids. Continue the flow-checking completely open and water Installation CAUSES & REMEDIES Remedies A. Lower pump further into wetL but make sure it is at least five feet above well bottom. Install a valve in discharge pipe between pump and pressure tank. Use valve to restrict flew until discharge rate does not exceed well recovery rate. _To prevent possibility of dangerous high pressure, install a relief valve in discharge pipe between pump and flow restriction valve, Relief valve must be capable of passing full pump flow at 75 PSI. Lime or other matter in water may build up on screen. Pull pump and clean screen. Make sure that built-in check valve in pump and any check valves in discharge line are free to open propedy: Have a competent electrician vedfy voltage at electrical disconnect box (2-Wire) or control center (3-Wire) while pump is operating, If voltage is low, power company may need to raise it or installation may require larger wire. Discuss with power company or licensed electdcian. Examine check valve; if stuck free it. If installed backwards (arrow on valve body wilt show direction of flow), reverse it, If valve is defective, replace it with a new one, B. Intake screen partially plugged. S. C. Check valve(s) may be stuck. C. B. Voltage too low; motor will run slowly, causing low discharge pressure (head) and high operating current draw. D. E. Standard tanks only: check valve above bIeeder odfice assembly may be stuck or installed backwards. E. F. Impellers or diffusers worn due to sand or abrasives in water or run- F. Pull pump and return to Sears for service. Before reinstalling pump, sandy or gaseous conditions in well must be corrected. ning pump while it is air/gas-locked. Air or milky water discharges from faucets. A. Air volume control not functioning. causing air to build up in tank, B. Well water may be gaseous, A. Replace air volume control if necessary. Pump starts too frequently, A. Leak in pressure tank or plumbing. A. Check all connections with soapsuds for air leaks, Fix any leaks you find, Check plumbing for water leaks. Fix any leaks you find, B. If necessary, replace switch. B. If your well is naturally gaseous and your system has a standard tank, remove the bleeder orifices and plug the tees. If condition is serious, check with competent well professionals. B. Pressure switch defective or out of adjustment. C. Check valve leaking. D. Tank waterlogged. E. Drop pipe leaking, F. Pressure switch is too far from tank. C. Inspect valves and replace if necessary. D. Captive Air _ Tanks: Check tank for leaks; correct if possible. Recharge tanks to 20 PSI with a 20-40 PSI switch, 30 PSI for a 30-50 PSI switch, 40 PSI for a 40-60 PSI switch, ete, Standard Tanks: Check tank for leaks; correct if possible, Check bleeder odices and clean bleeders; replace if necessary. E. Raise one length of pipe at a time until leak is found. When water stands in pipe, there is no leak below that point. F. Move pressure switch to within one foot of tank. 11 HELPFUL Trouble Fuses blow or overload protector trips when motor starts. HINTS - TROUBLES, CAUSES Causes A. Fuses or wires too small. B. Low or high voltage. C. Motor stuck or binding (abrasive matenal, such as sand, may lock pump), D. Cable splices or motor windings grounded, shortened, or open. E. 3-Wire only: Cable leads may be improperly connected in control center. F. 3-Wire only: There may be a broken wire in the control center, G. 3-Wire only: Starting or running capacitor in control center may be defective or vented (blown out). & REMEDIES Remedies A. Replace with correct sizes (see Table II, Page 3). B. While motor is running, voltage should not exceed plus 10% or minus 5% of rated voltage shown on motor nameplate. Call electdc power company to adjust line voltage if it is net within these limits. C, Pull pump and clean it. Before reinstalling pump, clean well carefully (see Page 10) for well development procedure), If necessary, clean well carefully with sand pump or by bailing. NOTICE: If well is sandy or dirty and cannot be cleaned or a suitable sand screen installed, do not reinstall pump. D. Consult competent electdcian or service technician. E. Check wiring diagram on control center panel (also see Figures 4 and 5, Page 6, in this manual) and color coding of drop cable. F. Have a competent electrician examine all connections and widng in control panel. If necessary, repair them. G. Inspect capacitors (see Figures 4 and 5, Page 6). Have competent electdctan check capacitors. Replace if necessary. [A WARNING I Hazardous voltage. Can shock, burn, or cause death. Capacitors may still carry voltage charges even after being disconnected from wiring, Have them checked by a competent electrician. Motor will not start but does not blow fuses. I _.WARNING ] Hazardous voltage. Can shock, bum, or cause death. Only competent electricians should work on elect dcal service. Pressure switch fails to shut off pump. A. No voltage to motor. A. With voltmeter check 1) fuse box to make sure full voltage is available; 2) pressure switch terminals, to make sure pressure switch is passing voltage correctly; and 3) terminal strips in control center or disconnect switch box to make sure voltage is available there. 1-1/2 through 3 HP: Push red overload reset button(s) on bottom of control center. B. Cable splices or motor windings may be grounded, shorted, or open-circuited. C. Open circuit in controi center (3*wire only); faulty connections; faulty wires. D. Faulty pressure switch. E. 3-Wire only: Cable leads improperly connected in control center. B. Consult competent electdcian or service technician. Do not attempt to disassemble pump or motor. C. Examine all connections and wires; examine terminal stdps in control center (3-wtte only); repair if necessary. D. Check pressure switch; replace if necessary, E. Check wiring diagram on control center panel (also see Figures 4 and 5, Page 6, in this manual) and color coding of drop cable. A. Voltage too low; motor will run slowly, A. Have a competent electrician verify voltage at electrical disconnect box (2-wire) or control center (3-wire) while pump is operating. If voltage is low, power company may need to raise it or installation may require larger wire. Discuss with power company or licensed electrician. Check voltage with a recording meter if trouble reoccurs. B. Replace switch. causing low discharge pressure (head) and high operating current draw. B. Faulty pressure switch. C. Imbellers or diffusers worn (due to sand or abrasives in water or running pump while it is air- or gas-locked) to the point that pump does not develop sufficient pressure to activate switch. D. Drop pipe leaking. E. Water levelin wetlmay become too low when pump is running. C. Adjust switch to allow for reduced pressure coming from pump. If adiustment does not solve problem, it may be necessary to replace pump. If well water contains enough sand to cause undue wear on the pump, clean out well or install a suitable sand screen before reinstalling pump. See "Well Development", Page 10. D. Raise one length of pipe at a time until leak is found. When water stands in pipe, there is no leak below that point. E. Lower pump further into well, but make sure it is at least five feet above well bottom. Install a valve in discharge pipe between pump and pressure tank, Use valve to restrict flow until discharge rate does not exceed well recovery rate. _To prevent possibility of dangerous high pressure, install a relief valve in discharge pipe between pump and flow restriction valve. Relief valve must be capable of passing full pump flow at 75 PSI. Fuses blow or A. Low or high voltage. A. While motor is running, voltage should not exceed plus 10% or minus 5% of rated voltage shown on motor nameplate. Call Power company to adjust line voltage if it is not within these limits. B. 3-Wire only: High ambient (atmospheric) temperature. C. 3-Wire only: Control Center wrong horsepower or voltage for installation. D. Wire size too small, improperly connected in control center. B. Make sure control center is installed out of direct sunlight. overload protector trips when motor is running. E. Cable splices or motor windings may be grounded, shorted or open-circuited. C, Compare horsepower and voltage rating of motor (from motor nameplate) with those of control center (from control center nameplate). These numbers must match. D. See Table II, Page 3, and make sure wire size matches specifications in table. E. Consult competent electdcian or service technician to determine if this is the cause of the problem or not. Do not attempt to disassemble pump or motor. 12 CONTROL I/2 HP THROUGH Model CENTER REPAIR PARTS I-I/2 I HP HPTHROUGH 3 HP Model No. No. 390.284121 390.284251 390.284131 390.284261 390.2841 390.284271 1 1 11840794 REPAIR PARTS LIST 230V/60Hz/1 Key. No. 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 Ph 1/2 HP Model 390.204121 3/4 HP Model 390.284131 1 HP Model 390.2841 1-1/2HP Model 390.284251 2 HP Model 390.284261 3 HP Model 390,284271 U17-1172 U17-1184 U17-1201 U17-1173 U17-1185 U17-1201 U17-1174 U17-1186 U17-1201 U17-1174 U17-1174 U17-1175 U17_1190 U17-1187 U17-1177 U17-1191 U17-1194 U17-1187 U17-1178 U17-1192 13 U17-1196 U17-1187 U17-1179 Part Description Start Capacitor Solid State Switch TerminalStrip Start Overload Run Overload Voltage Relay Run Capacitor REPAIR 2-Wire PARTS Model Nos: 390.285511 390.2855 390.2853 3-Wire Model Nos: 390.284021 390.284031 390.284041 390.284051 _---3 / i !// REPAIR Key. No. 2 3 3 PARTS LIST 1/2HP/115V Model 390.285511 1/2HP/230V Model 390.2855 1F2HP/230V Model 390.284021 _4HP_30V Model 390.2853 390.284031 1HP/230V Model 390.284041 P364-23 P364-23 P364-23 P364-24 P364-25 P364-26 33933 P564-31 33933 P564-32 33933 33933 P564-33 P564-26 33933 33933 P564-27 P564-28 P564-24 * Includes Lead Guard and Suction Screen 14 1-1/2HP/230V Model 390.284051 Part Description LiquidEnd Assembly Complete" Nut - 5/16 Hex (4 Required) Motor (2-Wire) Motor (3-Wire) REPAIR 3-Wire Model PARTS Nos: 390.284061 390.284071 390.284081 390.284091 390.284370 390.284380 390.284390 _-3 1 > ! L_ REPAIR 1HP/230V 1-1/2HP/230V1-1/2HP/230V 2HP/230V Key Model Model Model Model No. 390,284061 390,284071 390.284370 390,284081 I 2 3 P364-27 33933 P564-27 P364-28 33933 P564-28 P364-31 33933 P564-28 P364-29 33933 P564-29 PARTS LIST 2HP/230V Model 390.284380 3HP/230V Model 390.284091 3HP/230V Model 390.284390 P364-32 33933 P564-29 P364-30 33933 P564-30 P364-33 33933 P564-30 * Includes Lead Guard and Suction Screen 15 Part Description Liquid End Assembly - Complete* Nut - 5/16 Hex (4 Required) Motor SEARS OWNER'S MANUAL 3-WIRE SUBMERSIBLE PUMP MODEL Nos. 390.284021 390.284031 TWO and THREE WIRE SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS 390.284071 390.284081 390.284041 390.284051 390.284061 390.284091 390.284370 390.284380 390.284390 CONTROLCENTERNos. 390.284121 390.284131 390.2841 CRAFTSMAW 390.284251 390.284261 390.284271 2-WIRE SUBMERSIBLE PUMP MODEL Nos. 390.285511 390.2855 390.2853 The model number of your Submersible Pump will be found on a plate attached to the pump. When requesting service or ordering parts, always give the following information: • Product Type • Model Number • Part Number • Part Description Forthe repair or replacementparts youneed Call7 am - 7 pro,7 days a week 1-800-366-PART (1-800-366-7278) Forin-homemajorbrandrepair service Call24 hours a day, 7 days a week 1-800-4-REPAIR (1-800-473-7247) Forthe locationof a SearsRepairServiceCenterin yourarea Call24 hours a day, 7 days a week 1-800-488-1222 Forinformationon purchasinga Sears MaintenanceAgreementor to inquire aboutan existingAgreement call g am - 5 pro, Monday-Saturday A 1-800-827-6655 SEARS g;t.'l_ ll;J.Wl_trl[#_"J Arnedca's Repair Specialists Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.