NSS
Operator Manual
ENGLISH
www.simrad-yachting.com
Preface
As Navico is continuously improving this product, we retain the right to make changes to the
product at any time which may not be reflected in this version of the manual. Please contact
your nearest distributor if you require any further assistance.
It is the owner’s sole responsibility to install and use the instrument and transducers in a manner that will not cause accidents, personal injury or property damage. The user of this product
is solely responsible for observing safe boating practices.
NAVICO HOLDING AS AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES, BRANCHES AND AFFILIATES DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY FOR ANY USE OF THIS PRODUCT IN A WAY THAT MAY CAUSE ACCIDENTS, DAMAGE OR
THAT MAY VIOLATE THE LAW.
Governing Language: This statement, any instruction manuals, user guides and other information relating to the product (Documentation) may be translated to, or has been translated
from, another language (Translation). In the event of any conflict between any Translation of
the Documentation, the English language version of the Documentation will be the official
version of the Documentation.
This manual represents the product as at the time of printing. Navico Holding AS and its subsidiaries, branches and affiliates reserve the right to make changes to specifications without
notice.
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Navico Holding AS.
Warranty
The warranty card is supplied as a separate document.
In case of any queries, refer to the brand web site of your display or system:
www.simrad-yachting.com
Declarations and conformance
This equipment is intended for use in international waters as well as coastal sea areas administered by countries of the E.U. and E.E.A. For more information refer to the separate NSS
Installation manual.
About this manual
This manual is a reference guide for operating the Simrad NSS systems. It assumes that all
equipment is installed and configured, and that the system is ready to use.
The manual assumes that the user has basic knowledge of navigation, nautical terminology
and practices.
The manual does not cover basic background information about how equipment such as
radars, echo sounders and AIS work. Such information is available from our web site:
www.simrad-yachting.com/en/Support/Library/.
Important text that requires special attention from the reader is emphasized as follows:
 Note: Used to draw the reader’s attention to a comment or some important information.
Warning: Used when it is necessary to warn personnel that they
should proceed carefully to prevent risk of injury and/or damage to
equipment/personnel.
Preface | NSS Operator Manual
|1
The software
This manual is written for Simrad NSS Release to Market 1 (RTM1). Please check web site for
details on release version.
GOTO
PAGES
A
 Note: The About dialog above is an example only and may not match the sw installed on
your unit!
The manual will be continuously updated to match new sw releases. The latest available
manual version can be downloaded from www.simrad-yachting.com.
2|
Preface | NSS Operator Manual
Contents
7
Introduction
7
8
The NSS front panel and keys
The NSS screen
11
Basic operation
11
11
11
12
12
13
The power key
Using the touch screen
Pages and panels
The menus
Dialog boxes
Positioning a Man Over Board mark
14
Charts
14
14
14
14
15
16
16
16
17
18
19
The chart panel
Chart scale
Panning the chart
The vessel symbol
Using the cursor on the chart panel
Positioning the chart on the panel
Chart overlay
Using 3D charts
Insight chart options
Navionics chart options
The chart settings panel
21
Waypoints, routes & tracks
21
22
22
23
Waypoints
Routes
Tracks
The waypoints, route and tracks panels
24
Navigating with the NSS
24
24
25
25
26
The Goto menu
Navigating on the chart
Navigating with autopilot
Navigation settings panel
Navigation panels
28
Using the autopilot
28
28
29
29
29
31
31
31
31
31
35
35
36
38
Safe operation with the autopilot
Activating the autopilot
The autopilot panel
Selecting autopilot modes
Autopilot mode overview
Controlling steering performance in automatic modes
Using the autopilot in standby mode
Power steering (NFU)
Follow-up steering (FU)
AUTO mode (auto compass)
NoDrift mode
Navigating with the NSS
Sailing with the autopilot
Wind steering and navigation
Contents | NSS Operator Manual
|3
38
38
39
4|
Using the NSS in an AP24/AP28 system
Using the autopilot in an EVC system
The autopilot settings panel
42
Using the radar
42
42
42
43
43
44
45
45
47
48
49
The radar panel
The radar operational modes
Using the cursor on the radar panel
Optimizing the radar image
Positioning the radar center
Measuring range and bearing to a target
Setting a guard zone around your vessel
Radar options
MARPA targets
Radar overlay
Radar settings panel
50
The echosounder
50
51
52
52
53
53
53
53
54
55
55
Setting up the echosounder panel
Zooming
Adjusting color and gain settings
Using the cursor on the echosounder panel
Placing a mark on an echosounder image
Measuring distance
Pausing the echosounder
Recording the echosounder data
Echo options
StructureScan™ overlay
The echosounder settings panel
57
StructureScan™
57
58
59
59
59
60
60
60
60
Setting up the StructureScan™ image
Zooming
Adjusting the color settings
Using the cursor on the StructureScan™ panel
Placing a mark on a StructureScan™ image
Measuring distance
Pausing StructureScan™
Recording the StructureScan™ data
Structure options
61
The Instruments panels
61
61
The dashboards
Customizing the Instrument panel
62
Using AIS
62
62
63
63
Target symbols
Viewing information about AIS targets
Vessel alarms
The vessel settings panel
65
Audio
65
65
66
Enabling audio
The audio media bar
Setting up the SonicHub speakers
Contents | NSS Operator Manual
66
67
67
68
Operating the audio source
Audio playback
Using the FM/AM radio
Using Sirius radio
69
SiriusXM™ weather (North America only)
69
69
70
71
71
71
The weather display
Showing detailed weather information
Weather symbology
Weather alarms
Weather reports
Animating Sirius™ weather graphics
72
Using Video
72
72
The video panel
Setting up the video panel
74
BEP CZone
74
74
74
75
The BEP CZone panel
CZone modes
CZone system overview options
The CZone info panel
76
The alarm system
76
76
77
Type of messages
Acknowledging a message
The alarms dialog
78
The Tools page
78
78
78
79
79
79
79
79
Vessels
Alarms
Satellites
Find
Waypoints/routes/tracks
Trip Log
Sun/moon
Tides
81
Customizing your system
81
81
82
82
Page overview
Create favorite pages
Setting the appearance of the instrument bar
Changing system settings
84
Using the simulator
84
84
84
84
Simulator mode
Demo mode
Selecting simulator source files
Advanced simulator settings
85
Maintenance
85
85
85
85
86
Preventive maintenance
Simple maintenance procedures
Software upgrades
Trouble shooting
Backing up your system data
Contents | NSS Operator Manual
|5
6|
87
Menu and dialog overview
87
87
88
Panel menus
Goto menu
Settings dialogs
90
Index
Contents | NSS Operator Manual
The NSS front panel and keys
SIMRAD
4
5
STBY
AUTO
PUS
H
1
Introduction
TO
EN
TER
MARK
MENU
GOTO
PAGES
IN
MOB
OUT
MOB
6
7
8
9
10
NSS 7
1
2
2 3
1 Touch screen
2 Card reader door
3 Micro-SD Card reader
Used for optional Navionics or InsightHD chart data, software updates, transfer of user data
and system backup.
4 STBY / AUTO key
Used for autopilot operation.
5 MARK / MENU key
A short press displays the active panel’s menu.
A double press displays the Settings menu.
A long press places a waypoint at the vessel’s position.
6 X key
Used to exit dialogs, to return to previous menu level and to remove the cursor from the
screen on chart, radar and echosounder panels.
7 Rotary knob
Used for zooming chart and for scrolling through menus. Press rotary knob to confirm
selection.
8 GO TO / PAGES key
A short press displays the Pages overview panel (Home page). Repeated short presses
toggles between Pages overview, Tools and Settings panels.
A long press displays the Goto menu.
9 IN / OUT / MOB key
Zoom key for chart, radar and echosounder panels. A simultaneous press on both key ends
will position a Man Over Board (MOB) mark at vessel’s position.
10 Power key
A long press turns the unit ON/OFF.
A short press brings up the backlight and radar standby control dialog. Repeated short
presses toggles between preset brightness levels.
Introduction | NSS Operator Manual
|7
The NSS screen
1
4
See “Customizing
your system” on page 82
for further information
2
5
6
3
7
8
1 Instrument bar
Navigation and sensor info can be viewed in a user configurable instrument bar on top of
your pages.
2 Panel button
You can tap the text on this area to end an ongoing operation, e.g. to remove the cursor from
the screen, to end route editing and to stop measuring distance.
3 Dialogs
Dialogs are used for user input or for presenting information to the user.
A dialog may be presented in full-screen or as a popup dialog in the centre of the screen.
Depending on type of information or entry, different keys are used to confirm, cancel and
close the dialog.
A dialog can always be closed by tapping the in the upper right corner or by pressing the
X key.
4 Menus
Different menus are available to select options and to configure your system. A menu is
displayed by pressing the MENU key, by tapping the MENU panel button, or by tapping and
holding on the touchscreen.
5 Application panels
Each application connected to the system is presented on panels, and you can have several
panels depending on screen size:
• NSS7
2 panels
• NSS8 and NSS12: 4 panels
1-panel page
8|
2-panels page
Introduction | NSS Operator Manual
3-panels page
4-panels page
The system includes the following page groups, which each have a pre-configured
combination of panels:
Icon
See “Customizing
your system” on page 82
for further information
Description
Main page
Instruments with configurable live data
from system internal, and external sources
such as engines
Instruments
Echosounder
Echosounder
Live video
Video
Navigation information
Steering
Insight or Navionics charts, depending on
region
Chart
Radar
Radar
The main page in each group is a full size panel. All pre-configured pages, except the main
page for the group, can be modified by the user.
In addition to these panels the following applications can be connected and displayed on
other panels:
Panel
Description
AIS
AIS information as overlay on chart and radar panels
Weather
Sirius (North America only) weather graphics and data as overlay on chart
panel
Audio
Satellite radio (North America only) and SonicHub functions as a panel along
the bottom of a page
6 MENU panel button
Tapping this panel button will display the menu for active panel. Same function as pressing
the MENU key.
See ““The alarm
system” on page 77 for
further information
7 Alarm message
The system will continuously check for dangerous situations and system faults while the
system is running. When an alarm situation occurs, an Alarm dialog will pop up.
If you have enabled the siren, an audible alarm will be activated when an alarm situation
occurs.
Introduction | NSS Operator Manual
|9
8 The Control pages
The Control pages give access to page selection, tools and settings.
The Pages overview panel (Home) is displayed by pressing the PAGES key. Repeated presses
on this key will toggle between the control panels.
You can also switch between the control panels by dragging your finger horizontally on the
screen.
All control panels and sub-panels are always full screen, and they will open on top of your
previous page. When you close one of these panels the display will return to last active page.
Pages overview (Home page)
Tools
Settings
Pages overview
The pages overview panel is accessed from any operational mode by pressing the PAGES
key.
The panel includes 6 page group icons together with shortcuts to the autopilot panel, to a
combined chart/echo panel, and to the StructureScan panel.
Note: To see an autopilot panel an AC12/42 or SG05 autopilot computer must be connected
to the system. Respectively a StructureScan module must be available on the network to use
StructureScan.
Tools
The tools panel include options that are not specific to any panel e.g. status regarding vessels,
alarms, satellites, sun/moon and tides. Also included are waypoints, routes and tracks library,
trip log, sun/moon status, find function and files.
If a CZone system is connected, this function is access from the Tools panel.
Settings
The Settings panel gives access to system and vessel setup, application settings, and to the
simulator.
10 |
Introduction | NSS Operator Manual
Basic operation
2
The power key
Advanced power control
The NSS can be wired and
configured to control the
power of displays and
compatible devices. See the
NSS Installation manual for
more information.
•
Press and hold:
Turn unit on/off
•
Single press:
Display dialog for light adjustment,
standby mode and radar standby/
transmit
•
Repeated
presses:
Toggle preset brightness levels (10
- 6 - 3- 1)
 Note: If the power key is released before shut-down is completed, the power off is cancelled.
A night mode which optimizes the color palette for low light conditions, is included.
 Note: Details on the chart may be less visible when the Night mode is selected!
When in Standby mode, the backlight for touch screen and keys are turned off to save power.
The system will continue to run in the background and will notify you if an alarm situation
should occur.
You return from Standby mode to normal operation by pressing the power key.
If the radar is transmitting you can set it to standby mode from within the Light dialog.
Using the touch screen
Basic touchscreen operation on the different panels is shown in the table below.
The panel sections later in this manual have more information about panel specific touch
screen operation.
Operation
Tap
Menu/
Dialogs
Panels
Chart
Select/
toggle item
Tap and hold
Drag
Echo
Radar
Place cursor
Display menu for active panel
Adjust slider
value
Scroll dialog
Pan chart
(any direction)
Pan echo history
(horizontal movement)
 Note: When tapping and holding, a circle will spin around the tap point. Hold till action circle
has completed or until the action is confirmed by a second beep.
Pages and panels
Select pages
You access a page group and then select the page to display from the PAGES panel.
GOTO
OT
OTO
TO
PAGES
Basic operation | NSS Operator Manual
| 11
Select active panel
In a split screen you have multiple panels, but only one panel can be active at a time. You will
only be able to access the context menu of the active panel. The active panel is outlined with
a red border.
You can switch between active panels by tapping the required panel.
The menus
Menus are used to operate the system and to adjust settings.
You display a menu by:
MARK
MENU
•
•
•
•
Pressing the MENU key
•
Tapping the MENU panel button
•
Pressing and holding on active panel
You select a menu item and toggle on/off menu check boxes by tapping selected item.
You adjust slide bar values by tapping the item and then dragging your finger on the slide
bar. The value can also be adjusted by turning the rotary knob.
Drop-down listings are selected by tapping the item and then the selected value.
Check box
Slide bar
Drop-down listing
You can also operate a menu by using the rotary knob to select menu item, and then pressing
the knob to confirm your selection.
By pressing the X key the menu will return to previous menu level, and then exit. You can also
close a menu by tapping the screen outside the menu area.
Dialog boxes
You select entry fields and keys in a dialog box by tapping the screen or by using the rotary
knob. You can only enter information when a field is selected and highlighted.
Some dialog listings might extend beyond the screen area. These dialogs will include a scroll
indicator, and you scroll by dragging the list or turning the rotary knob.
Numeric and alphanumeric keyboards will automatically
be displayed when required for entering user information in dialogs.
A virtual keyboard is operated by tapping the virtual
keys.
A dialog is closed by tapping the
12 |
Basic operation | NSS Operator Manual
in the upper right corner or by pressing the X key.
Placing the cursor
The cursor is by default not shown on any panel.
You tap the screen to place the cursor on a Chart, Radar or
Echosounder panel. The cursor information window will show
position coordinates at the cursor position, and range and
bearing to the vessel.
On an Echosounder panel, the cursor information window will include the depth at cursor
position.
Further use of the cursor is described in the Chart, Radar and Echosounder sections.
To remove the cursor and cursor window from the panel, press the X key or tap the Clear
cursor panel button.
Positioning a Man Over Board mark
If an emergency man over board situation should occur, you can position a Man Over Board
mark at the vessel’s current position by pressing the two MOB keys simultaneously.
When you activate the MOB function the following actions are automatically performed:
• a MOB mark is positioned at the vessel’s position
• the display switches to a zoomed chart panel, centered on vessel position
• the NSS creates an active route to the MOB mark
IN
MO
M
MOB
O
OUT
T
MOB
OB
B
+
Cancel navigation
The NSS will continue navigating towards the MOB point until the waypoint is reached or
until you select to stop this navigation.
Delete a MOB mark
A MOB mark is deleted by selecting the MOB mark and then activating the menu.
A MOB can also be deleted as described in “Waypoints, routes & tracks” on page 22.
Basic operation | NSS Operator Manual
| 13
Charts
3
The chart function displays your vessel’s position relative to land and other chart objects.
On the panel you can plan and navigate routes, place waypoints, overlay a radar image or
weather information, and display AIS targets.
The NSS has different embedded cartography depending on region. Units sold in America will
include Insight cartography, while units sold in other regions will have embedded Navionics
coastal (Silver) cartography split by region. All units will support Navionics Platinum Plus and
TurboView via micro-SD Card slot accessible from the front of the unit.
Charts are shared over the network, so only one chart card per boat is required.
The first part of this section describes how to use the charts, and is common to both Insight
and Navionics. Chart options depend on which cartography is in use on the unit. These are
covered in a separate section.
The chart panel
N indicator
North
Grid lines *
Route
R *
Waypoint *
Vessell
E
Extension
line *
Track *
Range
rings *
R
R
Range
rings
interval *
C range scale
Chart
* Optional chart items
 Note: You turn the optional images on/off individually. See “The chart settings panel” on
page 19.
Chart scale
or
IN
MOB
OUT
MOB
You zoom in and out on the chart by using the IN/OUT keys or by
using the rotary knob.
Chart range scale and range rings interval (when turned on) will be
shown in the lower right corner of the chart panel.
Panning the chart
You can move the chart in any direction by tapping the screen
and dragging your finger in the selected direction.
Pressing X key will remove the cursor from the panel, and the
chart center will be positioned at the vessel.
The vessel symbol
Position and orientation
When a GPS and a suitable heading sensor are connected to the system, the vessel symbol
indicates vessel position and heading.
Without a heading sensor fitted, the vessel icon will orientate itself using COG (Course over
Ground). If no GPS is available the vessel symbol will include a question mark.
14 |
Charts | NSS Operator Manual
Using the cursor on the chart panel
The cursor is by default not shown on the chart panel.
When you tap the screen, the cursor will become visible and the cursor position window will
be activated. When the cursor is active, the chart will not pan or rotate to follow the vessel.
To remove the cursor and cursor window from the panel, press the X key or tap the Clear
cursor panel key.
Pressing the X key repeatedly will toggle the chart center between the vessel and the cursor
position.
Displaying information about chart and chart objects
When you tap a chart item, a waypoint, a route or a
target, basic information for the selected item will
be displayed.
By tapping and holding or by pressing the rotary
knob when a chart item is selected, all available
information for that item will be shown.
The information can also be displayed by using the
menu.
 Note: Popup information has to be enabled to see
basic item information.
If the cursor is not active, available information for
objects close to the vessel can be displayed.
If no information is available, the info menu item
will not be shown.
Placing waypoints
You place a waypoint by tapping the chart panel on
the selected position and then activating the menu.
Creating routes
You can quickly create routes by tapping the chart panel.
1. Activate the menu
2. Tap the screen to position the first routepoint, and then continue tapping the screen to place
the remaining routepoints
3. Save the route by tapping the Finish editing panel button or by activating the menu
See “Waypoints,
routes & tracks” on page 22
for more information about
waypoints and routes.
Dragging waypoints
1. Tap the waypoint to make it active
2. Drag the waypoint to the new position
The waypoint position will be automatically saved.
Measuring distance
1.
2.
•
3.
The cursor can be used to measure the distance between your vessel and a selected position,
or between 2 points on the chart panel.
Tap the screen on the place to where you want to measure the
distance from the vessel
Start the measure function from the menu
A line will be drawn from the vessel center to the cursor position,
and the distance will be listed in the Cursor Information window
Continue tapping the screen to position new measuring points
You terminate the measuring function by pressing the X key or the Finish measuring panel
key.
Charts | NSS Operator Manual
| 15
Positioning the chart on the panel
Chart orientation
Several options are available for how the chart is rotated in the panel. The chart orientation
symbol in the panel’s upper right corner indicates the north direction.
North up
Heading up
Course up
North up
Displays the chart with the north direction upward. Corresponds to the usual orientation of
nautical charts.
Heading up
Displays the chart with the vessel’s heading directly up on the chart image. Heading
information is received from a compass. If heading is not available, then the COG from the
GPS will be used.
Course up
Rotates the chart in the direction of the next waypoint when in navigation mode. This option
works only when there’s an active route. If no route is active the heading up orientation will
be used until a route is made active.
Look ahead
This option centres the chart slightly forward of your vessel so that you can maximize your
view ahead.
Chart overlay
Radar, AIS and weather information can be displayed as overlay on your chart panel.
When radar or weather overlay is selected, the chart context menu will be expanded to
include basic function for the selected overlay.
Radar, weather and AIS functions are described in separate sections in this manual.
Using 3D charts
 Note: To use the 3D functionality you must have Navionics charts including 3D cartography
for the appropriate area.
For selecting cartography, see “Chart data” on page 19.
The boat icon
You can select different boat icons, and you can have extension lines as in traditional 2D
charting. Refer “3D boat selection” on page 20.
It is not possible to scale the boat icon to match actual boat size, and the size remains the
same independent on chart scaling.
IN
MOB
16 |
OUT
MOB
Zooming 3D charts
You zoom the 3D chart by using the IN/OUT key. The rotary knob will not zoom 3D charts.
Charts | NSS Operator Manual
3D chart view options
There are two 3D views available:
• Vessel mode - default mode keeping the boat in center on the chart panel
• Explore mode - allows you to move the 3D chart view away from the vessel
You toggle between these two modes by pressing the X key.
Vessel mode
In this mode the camera follows the vessel. The vessel’s position will be in center if not Look
ahead option is selected.
The camera angle is by default as seen from your eye position, looking toward the vessel. The
vessel’s rotation on the chart is defined by the chart orientation settings.
You can change the camera tilt angle and rotate the camera around the vessel by tapping
and dragging your finger on the screen. Once you remove your finger from the screen it will
return to default view towards the vessel, but with your selected tilt angle.
Explore mode
You switch from Vessel mode to Explore mode by pressing the X key or by tapping the rotate/
pan icon on the right side of the panel.
You switch back to vessel mode by tapping the Return to vessel panel key, or by pressing
the X key.
The Explore mode allows you to view the entire 3D chart, regardless of vessel position.
You can rotate and move the camera (pan) away from your vessel. You switch between
panning and rotating camera motion by tapping the icons on the right side of the chart
panel.
When camera pan is selected, you move the camera away from the vessel and around in the
chart by tapping and dragging on the screen. When you remove your finger from the chart
the view will remain in the selected position.
You can rotate the camera horizontally by using the rotary knob.
When camera rotate is selected the camera position is fixed, and the camera can only be
rotated and tilted. You rotate and tilt the camera by tapping and dragging your finger on the
screen. You rotate the camera horizontally with the fixed tilt angle by using the rotary knob.
Insight chart options
Chart orientation
See page 16.
Chart detail
Low
This is the basic level of information that cannot be removed, and includes information that is
required in all geographic areas. It is not intended to be sufficient for safe navigation
Medium
This is the minimum information sufficient for navigation
Full
This is all available information for the chart in use
Look ahead
This option centres the chart slightly forward of your vessel so that you can maximize your
view ahead.
Charts | NSS Operator Manual
| 17
Categories
Insight charts includes several categories and sub-categories that you can turn on/off
individually depending on which information you want to see on your display.
Chart imagery style
The charts can be displayed in two different imagery styles, either as 2D basic mapping style,
or with shaded relief presenting chart including terrain imaging.
2D
Shaded relief
Navionics chart options
Chart orientation and Look ahead
See page 16.
Chart view
The built in Navionics chart database provides you with detailed coastal cartography, with 2D
and 3D view options.
• 2D presents chart information in a basic mapping mode with Navionics details
• 3D provides a three dimensional graphical view of land and sea contours
Chart shading
Shading adds terrain information to the chart.
Traditional 2D chart
Chart with shading
Photo overlay
Photo overlay enables you to view satellite photo images of an area as an overlay on the
chart. The availability of such photos is limited to certain regions.
You can view photo overlays in either 2D or 3D modes.
No Photo overlay
18 |
Charts | NSS Operator Manual
Photo overlay, land only
Full Photo overlay
Photo transparency
The Photo transparency sets the opaqueness of the photo overlay. With minimum
transparency settings the chart details will be almost hidden by the photo.
Minimum transparency
Transparency value = 10
Navionics Fish’n Chip
NSS supports Navionics Fish’n Chip (US only) chart feature.
For more information, see www.navionics.com.
Optional settings for Navionics charts
Colored Seabed Areas
Used for displaying different depth areas in different shades of blue.
Annotation
Determines what area information, such as names of locations and notes of areas, is available
on display.
Presentation type
Provides marine charting information such as symbols, colors of the navigation chart and
wording for either International or US presentation types.
Chart details
Provides you with different levels of geographical layer information.
Safety depth
The Navionics charts use different shades of blue to distinguish between shallow and deep
water.
The safety depth sets the limit for which depths that shall be drawn without blue shading.
 Note: The built in Navionics database features data down to 20 m, after which it is all white.
Contours depth
Determines which contours you see on the chart down to the selected safety depth value.
The chart settings panel
Settings and display options made in the Chart settings page are common for all chart panels.
For optional chart panel settings, refer the illustration on page 14.
Chart data
The NSS can use Navionics Platinum Plus and TurboView via micro-SD Card Slot accessible
from the front of the unit.
Charts are shared over the network, so only one chart card per boat is required.
 Note: The system will not automatically switch to embedded cartography if the micro-SD
card is removed. A low-resolution chart will be displayed until you re-insert the micro-SD card
or manually switch back to embedded cartography.
Charts | NSS Operator Manual
| 19
Range Rings
Turns on/off range rings on the chart.
The range rings can be used to present the distance from your vessel to other chart objects.
The range scale is set automatically by the system to suit the chart scale.
The vessels’ extension lines
Sets the length of the extension lines for your vessel and for
other vessels shown as AIS targets.
COG
The length of the extension lines are either set as a fixed
distance, or to indicate the distance the vessel will move in the
Heading
selected time period.
Own vessel heading is based on information from the active
heading sensor and COG from active GPS sensor.
For other vessels COG data is included in the message received from the AIS system.
Pop-up information
Selects whether basic information for chart items shall be displayed
when you tap the item.
Grid lines
Turns on/off viewing of longitude and latitude grid lines on the
chart.
Waypoints, Routes, Tracks
Turns on/off displaying of these items on chart panels.
Navionics specific settings
3D boat selection
Determines which icon to use on 3D charts. See “The boat icon” on page 16.
Synchronize 2D/3D chart
Links the position shown on one chart with the position shown on the other chart when a 2D
and a 3D chart are shown side by side.
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Charts | NSS Operator Manual
4
Waypoints, routes & tracks
Waypoints
A waypoint is a user generated mark positioned on a chart, on a radar image or on an
echosounder image. Each waypoint has an exact position with latitude and longitude
coordinates. A waypoint positioned on an echosounder image, will in addition to position
information have a depth value.
A waypoint is used to mark a position you later may want to return to. Two or more waypoints
can also be combined to create a route.
Positioning waypoints
Placing a waypoint at vessel position
You can position a waypoint at the vessel position from any panel by pressing and holding
the MARK / MENU key.
Using the cursor to position
waypoints
On chart, echosounder and
StructureScan panels you can
place a waypoint on a selected
position by tapping the screen
and then activating the panel
menu.
Edit waypoints
A selected waypoint can be deleted or edited on a chart panel from the menu, or from the
waypoint dialog.
You can quickly move a waypoint on a chart panel by tapping the desired new location on
the screen.
Using the edit waypoint dialog
This dialog is activated by tapping the waypoint and then
activating the menu, or pressing the rotary knob when the
waypoint is selected.
The dialog can also be activated from the Waypoint list. See
“The waypoints, route and tracks panels” on page 23.
Waypoint alarm settings
You can set an alarm radius for each
individual waypoint you create.
 Note: The waypoint radius alarm must be toggled ON in the alarm panel to activate an alarm
when your vessel comes within the defined radius.
Waypoints, routes & tracks | NSS Operator Manual
| 21
Moving a waypoint by tapping the screen
1. Select the waypoint by tapping it
2. Activate the menu and select the move option
- The waypoint icon will change to indicate moving mode
3. Tap on the chart panel to select a new position
4. Confirm the new position by pressing the rotary knob, tapping the panel key or by using the
options in the menu
Routes
A route consists of a series of routepoints entered in the order that you want to navigate
them.
When you tap on an existing route, it will turn blue and the route name will be displayed.
Creating new routes
1. Select the new route option from the menu
2. Tap the panel to position the first waypoint
3. Continue tapping the chart panel until all routepoints are positioned
- A waypoint can easily be re-positioned by dragging it to the new position
4. Save the route by tapping the Finish editing panel button or by using the options in the
menu
The route can also be created from the Routes panel described later in this section.
Edit a route
1.
2.
3.
•
•
4.
5.
A route and a waypoint can only be edited from the chart panel when the item is selected.
Tap the route to make it active
Activate the menu and select the route and edit option
Tap the panel to add a new routepoint
If you tap on a leg a new point will be added between existing routepoints
If you tap outside the route the new routepoint will be added after the last point in the route
Drag a routepoint to move it to a new position
Save the route by tapping the panel button or by using the options in the menu
 Note: a single routepoint can be moved by tapping the routepoint and then selecting the
move option in the menu.
Tracks
A track is a graphical presentation of the historical path of the vessel, allowing you to retrace
where you have travelled. A track can be converted to a route in the Tracks panel, as described
later in this section.
From the factory, the system is set to automatically draw a track. The system will continue to
record the track until the track length reaches the maximum trail point setting, and will then
automatically begin overwriting the oldest track points.
The automatic tracking function can be turned off from the Tracks panel described later in
this section.
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Waypoints, routes & tracks | NSS Operator Manual
Creating a new track
You define the track settings and start the new track from the Tracks Settings dialog described
below.
Track settings
The track is made up of a series of track points connected by line segments whose length
depends on the frequency of track recording.
You can select to position track points based on time settings, distance, or by letting the NSS
system position a waypoint automatically when a course change is registered.
 Note: The Tracks option must also be turned ON in the chart settings to be visible.
The waypoints, route and tracks panels
The Waypoints, Routes and Tracks panels gives access to advanced edit functions and
settings for all these items available on your system.
The edit and settings options are accessed from the menu or by using the dialog buttons
when one of the items is selected.
Waypoints, routes & tracks | NSS Operator Manual
| 23
5
Navigating with the NSS
The navigation function included in the NSS allows you to navigate towards the cursor
position, a waypoint or along a predefined route.
For information about positioning waypoints and creating routes, refer “Waypoints, routes &
tracks” on page 22.
The Goto menu
You can start navigation from any panel by using the Goto menu, displayed by pressing and
holding the GO TO / MENU key.
 Note: The Goto cursor option will only be available when the cursor is active on a Chart,
Radar or Echosounder panel.
When the NSS starts navigating, the cross track limits will be indicated
on the chart. See “Navigation settings panel” on page 25.
Navigating on the chart
You can start navigating on the chart from the chart menu and from the Goto menu. The
description and the illustrations below show use of the Goto menu, activated by pressing
and holding the PAGES key.
Navigate to cursor position
You can start navigating towards a point on the chart by tapping the selected destination,
activating the Goto menu and selecting the cursor option.
Navigate a route
You can start navigating a route by tapping the route and then activating the Goto menu.
When route navigation is started, the Goto menu will expand showing options for skipping a
waypoint, or for restarting the route from current vessel position.
Selecting start point
You can navigate a route, starting from any waypoint, by positioning the cursor over the
selected waypoint and activating the Goto menu.
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Navigating with the NSS | NSS Operator Manual
Cancel navigation
You cancel navigation from the Goto menu or the chart panel menu.
Navigating with autopilot
If an AC12, AC42 or an SG05 autopilot computer is connected to the system, autopilot
functionality will be included in the NSS.
When you start navigation on a system with autopilot functionality, you will be prompted to
set the pilot to navigation mode.
If you choose not to engage the autopilot, the pilot can later on still be set to navigation
mode from the pilot menu.
For more information about autopilot functionality see “Using the autopilot” on page 29.
Navigation settings panel
Navigation method
Different methods are available for calculating the distance and bearing between any two
points on a chart.
The great-circle route is the shortest path between two points. However, if you are to travel
along such a route, it would be difficult to steer manually as the heading would constantly be
changing (except in the case of due north, south, or along the equator).
Rhumb lines are tracks of constant bearing. It is possible to travel between two locations
using Rhumb line computation, but the distance would usually be greater than if Great circle
is used.
Steering alarm limits
Arrival radius
Sets an invisible circle around the destination waypoint.
The vessel is considered arrived at the waypoint when it is within this
radius.
Off course (XTE) limit
This parameter defines the vessel’s accepted offset distance from the leg.
If the vessel goes beyond this limit an alarm will be activated.
Arrival alarm
When the arrival alarm is enabled, an alarm will be activated when the
vessel reaches the waypoint or when it is within the specified arrival
radius.
Navigating with the NSS | NSS Operator Manual
| 25
Magnetic variation
Magnetic variation is the difference between true bearings and magnetic bearings, caused by
different location of the Geographic and the Magnetic north poles. Any local anomalies such
as iron deposits might also affect the magnetic bearings.
Magnetic variation is applied in order to navigate with heading in “True” mode.
When set to Auto, the system automatically converts magnetic north to true north. Select
manual mode if you need to enter your own local magnetic variation.
Datum
Most paper charts are made in the WGS84 format, which also is used by the NSS system.
If your paper charts are in a different format, you can change the datum settings accordingly
to match your paper charts.
Coordinate system
Several coordinate systems can be used to control the format for lat./lon coordinates
displayed on the chart panel.
Phantom Loran
Enables use of Phantom Loran.
Loran settings
Defines Loran chains (GRI) and preferred station for waypoint entry, cursor
position and position panel.
The graphic example shows cursor position window with Loran position
information.
For more information refer to your Loran system documentation.
Navigation panels
The Steer and Position panels can be used to display information when you are navigating.
The Steer panel
Data fields
Tap left/right
arrow symbol to
scroll
Vessel symbol
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Navigating with the NSS | NSS Operator Manual
Course line
Off course limit
Data fields
The Steer panel offers the following information:
DTD
Distance to destination
BTW
Bearing to waypoint
SOG
Speed over ground
COG
Course over ground
TTD
Time to destination
ETA
Estimated time of arrival at next waypoint
VMG
Velocity Made Good towards next waypoint.
STEER
Course to steer towards next waypoint
The course line
When travelling on a route the course line shows the intended course from one waypoint
towards the next.
When navigating towards a waypoint (cursor position, MOB or an entered lat/lon position),
the course line will show the intended course from the point at which navigation was started
towards the next waypoint.
Vessel symbol
The vessel symbol indicates distance and bearing relative to the intended course.
Off course limit
If the XTE exceeds the defined off course limit (Refer “Steering alarm limits” on page 25), this
will be indicated with a red arrow including the distance from the track line.
If the off course alarm is enabled, the alarm will activate if the XTE exceeds the defined off
course limit.
Position panels
By default, there is one position panel available showing GPS position.
If Loran is enabled as described on page 26, there will be two position panels. This is
indicated with arrow symbols on left and right side of the panel.
You toggle between the panels by tapping the left or right side of the panel.
GPS position info
Loran position info
Data fields
Position in lat. and lon. (GPS) or as Loran GRI and station values
Time and date
SOG
Speed over ground
COG
Course over ground
Navigating with the NSS | NSS Operator Manual
| 27
6
Using the autopilot
If an AC12, AC42 or SG05 autopilot computer is connected to the system, autopilot
functionality will be available in the NSS.
An Autopilot is designed to maintain an accurate course in various sea conditions with
minimal helm movements.
Safe operation with the autopilot
Warning: An autopilot is a useful navigational aid, but DOES NOT
under any circumstances replace a human navigator.
Switching from automatic mode to manual steering
You can switch the autopilot to STBY mode from any automatic operation mode by a short
press on the STBY/AUTO key.
 Note: If the NSS is connected to an EVC system via the SG05, you can take manual control of
the steering irrespective of the autopilot mode. Refer “Using the autopilot in an EVC system”
on page 38.
Activating the autopilot
You can activate the autopilot from any panel as shown below.
The autopilot pop up
You can only enable the autopilot once the pop-up is displayed.
anual adjustments to the set heading can only be made when the
port and starboard indicators are illuminated red and green - this is
done by pressing the rotary knob, or by tapping the autopilot pop-up.
The autopilot popup shows active mode, heading, rudder and various
steering information depending on active autopilot mode.
The pop-up has a fixed position on the page, and it can be shown on all pages except when
an Autopilot panel is active.
You remove the pop-up from a page by tapping the in the upper right corner or by
pressing the X key.
Autopilot mode indication in top of the page
Autopilot information is by default shown in top of the pages when the Autopilot pop-up is
not displayed.
You can select to turn this information off.
See “The autopilot
settings panel” on page 39
for further information
Compass symbol on the chart panel
You can select to show a compass symbol around your boat on the
chart panel. The compass symbol will be off when the cursor is active
on the panel.
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Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
The autopilot panel
The autopilot panel is used to display information when you are navigating. It replaces the
autopilot pop-up when used in full screen, or on any pages where it is used as a split pane.
The autopilot mode indication bar will also not be shown when the autopilot panel is used.
The shortcut icon used to activate the autopilot panel is by default available on the Pages
panel. The panel can however only be used when an AC12, AC42 or SG05 computer is
available on the network.
Data fields
The autopilot panel shows destination name, heading and rudder information. The following
abbreviations are used:
CTS
Course to steer
DTD
Distance to destination
SOG
Speed over ground
COG
Course over ground
DTW
Distance to next waypoint
XTE
Cross track error
Selecting autopilot modes
You select an automatic mode or a feature from the Autopilot Mode selection menu,
activated by tapping the mode icon or by pressing the MENU key.
Autopilot mode overview
The autopilot has several steering modes. Number of modes and features within the mode
depend on boat type and available inputs, as shown in table on the next page.
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
| 29
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Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
MODE
Tacking
Dodging
Turn (Tacking)
Mirrors the set wind angle to the opposite side of the bow
Steers the boat to a specific waypoint location, or through a route of waypoints
x
Steers the boat to maintain the set wind angle
x
x
Steers the boat to a specific waypoint location, or through a route of waypoints
x
x
Resumes NoDrift mode after a heading change
Keeps the boat on a straight bearing line
Changes commanded heading with a pre-defined value
x
x
x
Moves the boat automatically in pre-defined turn steering patterns (Motorboats only)
Cancels the turn and continues on the heading read from the compass
Keeps the boat on set heading
Sets rudder angle by using the rotary knob
Controls the rudder movement by using the red (port) and
green (starboard) indicators in the autopilot pop-up
Standby (passive) mode used when manually steering the boat at the helm
DESCRIPTION
x
x
x
Turn (Pattern)
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
SAIL
x
MOTOR
BOAT TYPE
Heading
capture
Power steering
(NFU)
FEATURE
Heading, speed, wind angle,
waypoint/route information
Heading, speed, wind angle
Heading, speed, position,
waypoint/route information
Heading, speed, position
Heading, speed
Rudder feedback
Rudder feedback or VRF
REQUIRED INPUT
Controlling steering performance in automatic modes
The autopilot should be configured during installation and setup. Some parameters may
be adjusted during operation to increase the steering performance. Refer to “The autopilot
settings panel” on page 39.
Using the autopilot in standby mode
The autopilot must be in STBY mode when you steer the boat
manually.
You can switch the autopilot to STBY mode from any operation by a
short press on the STBY/AUTO key.
Power steering (NFU)
If you tap the PORT or STBD key icons in the pop-up dialog when the
autopilot is in STBY mode, the system will switch to NFU (Non-FollowUp). You can then use the key icons to control the rudder, and the
rudder will move as long as the key is pressed.
You return to STBY mode by a short press on the STBY/AUTO key.
Follow-up steering (FU)
You can select Follow-up steering from the Autopilot menu.
When FU is active you can use the rotary knob to set rudder angle.
The set angle is indicated by the yellow pointer above the rudder
angle graphic. The rudder will move to the commanded angle and
then stop.
Warning: While in Follow-up mode you cannot take manual control of the wheel.
You return to STBY mode by a short press on the STBY/AUTO key.
AUTO mode (auto compass)
When the AUTO key is pressed, the autopilot selects the current boat
heading as the set course. The yellow arrow shows the vessel’s actual
heading. If the arrow is pointing directly upwards, the vessel is on
course.
The autopilot will keep the boat on the set course until a new mode
is selected or a new course is set with the course knob or the PORT or
STBD key icons.
Once the course is changed to a new set course, the boat will automatically turn to the new
heading and maintain the new course.
Heading capture
When in AUTO or NoDrift mode the heading capture feature allows you to automatically
cancel the turn you are in by an instant press on the rotary knob. The autopilot will cancel the
turn to continue on the heading read from the compass the very moment you pressed the
rotary knob. This is a useful feature if you are not sure of the exact turn you have to make to
steer towards e.g. an inlet or a dock.
Turn pattern steering (power boats)
The autopilot includes a number of automatic turn steering features for power boats when
the pilot is in AUTO mode.
The turn steering option will not be available if the boat type is set to sailboat - instead the
tack/gybe feature is implemented.
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
| 31
Initiating a turn
The illustration below shows how you start the spiral turn steering from the Autopilot menu.
You select the turn direction and start the turn by tapping the left or right keys or by using
the rotary knob.
Stopping the turn
You can at any time during a turn press the AUTO/STBD key to return to standby mode and
manual steering.
Turn variables
All turn steering options, except the C-turn, have settings that you may adjust before you start
a turn and at any time when the boat is in a turn. Refer to the example above.
U turn
U-Turn changes the current set course to be 180° in the
opposite direction.
The turn rate is identical to default rate of turn (ROT) setting.
This cannot be changed during the turn.
C-turn
C-turn makes the boat turn in a circle.
You can adjust the turn rate (ROT) before the turn is initiated
and during the turn. Increasing the turn rate makes the boat
turn a smaller circle.
Turn parameter
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
Rate of turn (ROT)
10 - 600
5
90
°/min
Spiral-turn
Spiral-turn makes the boat turn in a spiral with a decreasing or increasing radius. This feature
may be used for circling fish or when searching an object.
If the Change radius is set to zero, the boat will turn in a circle. Negative values indicate
decreasing radius while positive values indicate increasing radius.
32 |
Turn parameter
Range
Change per step
Default
Initial radius
33 ft - 3281 ft
10 m - 1000 m
10
10
656 ft
200 m
Change of radius per turn
-164 ft - +164 ft
-50 m - +50 m
5
2
66 ft
20 m
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
Zigzag-turns
For navigating in a zigzag pattern, you set the initial
course change before the turn is started.
During the turn you can alter the course change
and the leg distance.
The main course can be changed by turning the
rotary knob.
A = Initial course change
B = Course change
C = Leg distance
C
A
B
Turn parameter
Range
Change per step
Default
Course change
4° - 140°
4
28°
Leg distance
82 ft - 9843 ft
25 m - 3000 m
50
25
1641 ft
500 m
Square-turn
The square-turn feature makes the boat
automatically turn 90° after having travelled a
defined leg distance.
You can at any time during the turn change the
distance of the leg until the boat makes a new
90° turn. You can also at any time change the
main course by turning the rotary knob.
Turn parameter
Range
Change per step
Default
Leg distance
82 ft - 9843 ft
25 m - 3000 m
50
25
1641 ft
500 m
Lazy S-turn
In the lazy-s turn the boat will yaw around the main
course.
You set the selected course change before the turn
is started.
During the turn you can alter the course change
and the turn radius.
The main course can be changed by turning the
rotary knob.
Turn parameter
Course change
Radius
Range
Change per step
Default
4° - 160°
4
28°
16 ft - 1641 ft
5 m – 500 m
5
10
656 ft
200 m
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
| 33
Depth Contour Tracking, DCT TM
If the system has input from an echosounder, the autopilot can be set to follow a depth
contour.
Warning: Do not use this feature unless the seabed is suitable. Do
not use it in rocky waters where the depth is varying significantly over a
small area.
Slope
Narrow
channel
Ridge
Use the following process to initiate DCT steering;
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ensure that you have depth reading on the NSS unit or on a separate depth instrument
Steer the boat to the depth you want to track, and in the direction of the depth contour (main course)
Activate AUTO mode, select DCT steering and monitor the depth reading
Use the port and starboard indicators in the autopilot pop-up to initiate the DCT steering to follow the
bottom sloping to starboard or to port
The following parameters are available for DCT steering:
Turn parameter
Range
Change per step
Default
Depth gain
5 - 95
5
5
Contour Cross Angle
0° - 50°
1
0
Depth gain
This parameter determines the ratio between commanded rudder and the deviation from the
selected depth contour. The higher depth gain value the more rudder is applied.
If the value is too small it will take a long time to compensate for drifting off the set depth
contour, and the autopilot will fail to keep the boat on the selected depth.
If the value is set too high the overshoot will increase and the steering will be unstable.
Contour Cross Angle (CCA)
The CCA is an angle that is added to or subtracted from the set course.
With this parameter you can make the boat yaw around the reference depth with lazy-s
movements.
The larger the CCA the bigger yawing will be allowed. If you the CCA set to zero there is no
S-ing.
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Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
NoDrift mode
This mode combines the autopilot and the positioning information
from the GPS.
When NoDrift is activated, the autopilot will draw an invisible bearing
line based on current heading from the boat’s position.
Unlike in AUTO (compass) mode the autopilot will now use
the position information to calculate the cross track error, and
automatically keep your track straight.
You can use the port and starboard indicators in the autopilot pop-up or the rotary knob to
reset the bearing line while in NoDrift mode.
Dodging
If you need to avoid an obstacle when using NoDrift
mode, you can press STBY and power steer or use the
helm until the obstacle is passed.
If you return to NoDrift mode within 60 seconds you
can select to continue on previous set bearing line.
If you don’t respond the dialog will disappear and
the autopilot will go to NoDrift mode with current
heading as set bearing line.
If your dodging maneuver takes more than 60 seconds, the autopilot will remain in Standby
mode.
Navigating with the NSS
You can use the autopilot feature to automatically steer the boat to
a specific waypoint location, or through a route of waypoints. The
position information received from the GPS will be used to change
the course to steer to keep the boat on the track line and direct to the
destination waypoint.
To obtain satisfactory navigation steering, the NSS must have
valid position input. Autosteering must be tested and determined
satisfactory prior to entering the NAV mode:
You can start navigation from any panel by pressing the GO TO / PAGES key. The go to cursor
option will only be available when the cursor is active on a Chart, Radar or Echosounder
panel. For more information about navigating with the NSS refer to “Navigating with the NSS”
on page 25.
You can also start navigating from the autopilot menu.
When the Navigation mode is initiated, the pilot will automatically keep the vessel on the
leg. When your vessel reaches the arrival circle for a waypoint, the pilot will give an audible
warning and display an alert screen with the new course information.
If the required course change to the next waypoint is less than the Navigation change limit,
the autopilot will automatically change the course. If the required course change to next
waypoint in a route is more than the set limit, you are prompted to verify that the upcoming
course change is acceptable.
 Note: For more information about navigation parameters and how to navigate with the NSS,
refer to “Navigating with the NSS” on page 25.
Warning: Navigational steering should only be used in open waters.
When selecting NAV mode, the pilot maintains the current set course
and prompts the user to accept the course change towards the
destination waypoint.
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| 35
The waypoint arrival circle
The Arrival radius defines the point at which a turn is initiated when you are navigating a
route.
WP1
WP2
Arrival circles
The arrival circle should be adjusted according to boat speed. The higher the speed, the wider
the circle. The intention is to make the autopilot start the heading change in due time to
make a smooth turn onto the next leg.
The figure below may be used to select the appropriate waypoint circle when creating the
route.
Boat speed in knots
30
25
20
15
10
arrival circle,
radius in 1/100 nm
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Example: With the speed of 20 knots you should use a waypoint circle with radius 0.09 nm.
 Note: The distance between any waypoints in a route must not be smaller than the radius of
the waypoint arrival circle when using automatic waypoint shift.
Sailing with the autopilot
Several sailing parameter should be defined before entering Wind or WindNav mode. These
parameters are described in the separate installation manual.
Wind vane steering
The WIND mode is only available if the system has been set up for sailboat in the Autopilot
Installation menu.
Before the WIND mode is started it must be verified that valid input from wind transducer is
available.
Initiate wind steering as follows;
1. Switch the Autopilot to AUTO mode
2. Adjust the boat heading until wind angle is according to the angle you want to maintain
3. Press the MENU key, and select Wind
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Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
The set course to steer (CTS) and set wind angle are entered from the compass heading and
the wind transducer at the moment the WIND mode is selected. From that point the autopilot
will change the course to maintain the wind angle as the wind direction may change.
Tacking
 Note: The tack function is only available when the system is set up for SAIL boat type.
Tacking should only be performed into the wind and must be tried out in calm sea
conditions with light wind to find out how it works on your boat. Due to a wide range of boat
characteristics (from cruising to racing boats) the performance of the tack function may vary
from boat to boat.
You can initiate the tack function both from AUTO and from WIND mode.
In both modes you can interrupt the tack operation, as long as the tack dialog is open,
by selecting the opposite tacking direction. When interrupted the boat will return to the
previous set heading.
Tacking in Auto mode
See “Sailing
parameters” on page 40 for
further information.
Tacking in AUTO mode is different from
tacking in WIND mode. In AUTO mode the
tack angle is fixed and as defined by the
user.
When tacking direction is selected the
autopilot changes the current set course
according to the set fixed tacking angle.
Tacking in Wind mode
Tacking in WIND mode as compared to
AUTO mode can be performed when sailing with apparent or true wind as the reference. The
true wind angle should be less than 90 degrees.
The rate of turn during the tack will be given by the Tack time defined in the sailing parameter
setup (refer illustration above). The tack time is also controlled by the speed of the boat to
prevent loss of speed during a tack.
When you initiate the tacking, the autopilot will immediately mirror the set wind angle to the
opposite side of the bow.
Gybing
Gybing is possible when the true wind angle is larger than 120°.
The time to make a gybe is determined by the speed of the boat to make it as quick as
possible within control.
Tack and gybe prevent
You should use the autopilot with care when beating and running.
If the sails are unbalanced when beating, yaw forces from the sails can drive the boat into the
wind. If the boat is driven beyond the set minimum wind angle, the thrust from the sails will
suddenly disappear and reduces the boat speed. The boat will then be more difficult to steer
as the rudder will become less effective.
The tack prevent function in WIND mode has been implemented to avoid such situations. It
will react immediately when the apparent wind angle becomes 5° less than the set minimum
wind angle, and more rudder will be commanded.
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
| 37
When running, it is difficult to steer the boat with waves coming sideways or from behind.
The waves may yaw the boat into an unwanted gybe; this can be hazardous for both the crew
and the mast.
The gybe prevent function will be activated when the actual apparent wind angle becomes
greater than 175° or gets opposite to the set wind angle. More rudder will be commanded to
prevent an unwanted gybe.
The tack and gybe prevent functions are not a guarantee against getting into a hazardous
situation. If the effect of the rudder and/or drive unit is not adequate, a dangerous situation
may occur. Pay particular attention in such situations.
Wind steering and navigation
In Wind Nav the autopilot steers the boat given both wind data and
track data from the NSS navigation function.
In Wind Nav mode the autopilot calculates the initial course change
needed to navigate towards the active waypoint, but the pilot will
also utilize the current wind direction in the calculation.
Using the NSS in an AP24/AP28 system
Command transfer
If your NSS unit is connected to an autopilot system including an AP24
or AP28 control unit, only one control unit can be active at the same
time. An inactive unit is indicated with an envelope symbol in the
display.
You can take command from an inactive NSS unit with active autopilot pop-up by turning or
pressing the rotary knob.
If the pop-up is not displayed, you can take command from the NSS unit by pressing and
holding the STBD/AUTO key to bring up the mode selection menu, and then confirming
active mode.
Locking remote stations
The AP24/AP28 includes a Remote Lock function that will disable all
other control units. A locked unit is indicated with a key symbol.
When the remote lock function is enabled on AP24/AP28 no transfer of
command to NSS or other AP heads on the system can take place, only
the active AP control unit stays in command.
You can only unlock the remote stations from the AP24/AP28 unit in command.
Using the autopilot in an EVC system
When the NSS is connected to an EVC system via the SG05, you can take manual control of
the steering irrespective of the autopilot mode.
The mode indicator on the pilot pop-up will be replaced by a dash to indicate EVC override.
The system will return to NSS control in standby mode if no rudder command is given from
the EVC system within a predefined period.
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Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
The autopilot settings panel
The Autopilot settings panel gives access to settings that might be changed by the user
during operation of the autopilot.
For information about installation, see the separate NSS Installation manual.
Auto-hide
Autopilot information is by default shown on
top of the pages when the Autopilot pop-up
is not displayed. You can select to turn this
information off.
PUS
H
STBY
AUTO
TO
EN
MARK
MENU
Crescent lights
TER
GOTO
PAGES
The background lights around the rotary knob can be used to indicate that the NSS is under
autopilot control. When toggled on the lights will be red and green when the autopilot is not
in standby.
When toggled off the lights will follow day/night light setting.
Chart compass
You can select to show a compass symbol around your boat on the chart
panel. The compass symbol will be off when the cursor is active on the
panel.
Locking an NSS unit
If two NSS units are included in the system, the non-active NSS unit can be locked to prevent
unauthorized operation of the autopilot.
When the unit is locked this is indicated with a lock symbol and with text in the pop up.
When the lock function is in use, no automatic modes can be selected from the NSS unit.
 Note: The lock function is not available on the NSS unit which is active as pilot control!
If the NSS unit is part of an AP24/AP28 system, the unit can be locked from the AP24/AP28
control unit.
Sea state filter
The Seastate filter is used to reduce rudder activity and autopilot sensitivity in rough weather.
OFF
Seastate filter is disabled. This is default
AUTO
Reduces rudder activity and autopilot sensitivity in rough weather by an
adaptive process. The AUTO setting is recommended if you want to use the
seastate filter
MANUAL
Linked to the steering response control settings described previously. It may
be used to manually find the optimum combination of course keeping and
low rudder activity in rough but steady sea conditions
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
| 39
Sailing parameters
 Note: Sailing parameter settings are only available if the boat type is set to Sail.
Tack time
When performing a tack in WIND mode, the rate of turn (tack time) can be adjusted. This will
give single-handed sailors time to handle the boat and the sails during a tack.
A turn performed without shifting wind side, will also be made at a controlled turn rate.
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
2 - 50
1
12
seconds
Tack angle
This value is used to preset the course change used when tacking in AUTO mode. By pressing
the port and starboard indicators in the autopilot pop-up the course will change as much as
this value.
Range
Change per step
Default
Units
50 - 150
1
100
°
Wind function
With wind function set to AUTO, the autopilot will automatically select between apparent
and true wind steering. AUTO is default and recommended for cruising.
When the boat is running, it will also be surfing on the waves. This may lead to significant
changes in boat speed, and thereby also changes in apparent wind angle. True wind steering
is therefore used when running, while steering to apparent wind is used when beating or
reaching.
Apparent wind steering is preferred when you want to achieve maximum boat speed. The
autopilot tries to maintain a constant apparent wind angle to get maximum thrust from a
given trim of the sails.
When sailing in closed waters, the apparent wind angle may change temporarily due to wind
gusts. It may then be preferred to sail to the true wind.
VMG optimizing
You can optimize the VMG to wind. When selected, the function will be active for 5–10
minutes after a new wind angle has been set and only when beating.
Layline steering
Layline steering is useful when navigating. Cross Track Error (XTE) from the navigator will keep
the boat on the track line. If the XTE from the navigator exceeds 0.15 nm, the autopilot will
calculate the layline and track towards the waypoint.
Response
By default the system switches between HI/LO parameter set based on speed (motor boats)
or speed and wind (sail boats). You can however select to manually set which parameter set
that shall be used.
HI or LO must be selected if no speed input is available.
You can manually fine tune each of the two (HI/LO) parameter sets. Level 4 is default with
parameter values as set by the autotune function. If no autotune is made (not recommended)
the level 4 values are the factory default values.
A low response level reduces the rudder activity and provides a more “loose” steering.
A high response level increases the rudder activity and provides a more “tight” steering. A too
high response level will make the boat start S-ing.
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Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
Automatic steering
This option displays an overview of all autopilot steering parameters, and you can adjust
parameters if required.
For more details, refer to the separate AC12/AC42 Installation manual.
Installation
Used for autopilot installation and commissioning. See the separate AC12/AC42 or SC05
Installation manual.
Using the autopilot | NSS Operator Manual
| 41
7
Using the radar
The radar panel can be set up as a full screen view or combined with other panels.
The radar image can also be displayed as an overlay to existing 2D chart views and 3D for
Navionics. Refer to “Charts” on page 14.
 Note: Radar overlay requires data from heading sensor.
The radar panel
ge
Range
Headingg line *
Rotary controls
North Indicator *
Orientationn
Motion
Compass *
Range
angge rings
ri *
Range markers
mark
ma
rke *
Data bar**
* Optional radar symbology.
** Only available on NSS8 and NSS12.
Radar symbology can be turned ON/OFF collectively from the Radar menu, or individually as
described in “Radar settings panel” on page 49.
The radar operational modes
The radar’s operational modes are controlled from the NSS unit. The following modes are
available:
Off
The power to the radar scanner is turned off
Standby
The power to the radar scanner is on, but the radar is not transmitting.
Transmit
The scanner is on and transmitting. Detected targets will be drawn on the radar PPI (Plan
Position Indicator).
Using the cursor on the radar panel
The cursor is by default not shown on the radar image.
When you tap the radar panel the cursor and the cursor position
window will be activated.
The cursor can be used to measure a distance to a target, and to
select targets as described later in this section.
To remove the cursor and cursor elements from the panel, press the Clear cursor panel key
or the X key.
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Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
Optimizing the radar image
You may be able to improve the radar image by
adjusting the radar sensitivity, and by filtering
out the random echoes from sea and weather
conditions.
You select between the control images by
tapping the image or by pressing the rotary
knob. Active control will expand and display
its name in full. You can then adjust the value
by turning the knob or by a vertical dragging
movement on the control you want to adjust.
Gain
The gain controls the sensitivity of the radar receiver.
A higher gain makes the radar more sensitive to radar returns, allowing it to display weaker
targets. If the gain is set too high, the image might be cluttered with background noise.
Gain has a manual and an automatic mode. You cycle through the modes by pressing and
holding the rotary knob. You can only adjust the gain value in manual mode by turning the
rotary knob or vertical dragging movement over the gain control.
Sea clutter
Sea clutter is used to filter the effect of random echo returns from waves or rough water near
the vessel.
When you increase Sea Clutter filtering the on-screen clutter caused by the echoes of waves
will be reduced.
A long-press on the rotary knob will cycle through available Sea clutter modes. You can only
adjust the sea clutter value in manual mode by turning the rotary knob or vertical dragging
movement over the sea clutter control.
Rain Clutter
The Rain clutter is used to reduce the effect of rain, snow or other weather conditions on the
radar image.
Adjust value by turning the rotary knob or vertical dragging movement over the rain clutter
control.
The value should not be increased too much as this may filter out real targets.
Rejecting radar interference
Interference could be caused by radar signals from other radar units operating in the same
frequency band.
A high setting will reduce the interference from other radars.
In order to not miss weak targets, the interference rejection should be set low when no
interference exists.
Positioning the radar center
You can move the radar PPI center to different positions within the radar panel, and select
how your vessel symbol moves on the radar image.
Radar motion is indicated on the upper left corner of the radar panel as either
TM (True motion) or RM (Relative motion).
The radar position can only be changed when the radar is transmitting.
Center
Default setting. The radar PPI center is centered on the radar panel.
Look Ahead
Moves the radar PPI center to the bottom of the panel to give maximum view ahead.
Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
| 43
Offset
Allows you to move the PPI center to any location on the radar panel.
1. Select the offset option from the menu
2. Tap the screen where you want to position the radar center
3. Confirm the setting by tapping the SAVE OFFSET key on top of the screen or by pressing
the MENU key
Center
Look ahead
Custom offset
True motion
In True motion your vessel, and moving targets, move across the Radar screen as you travel.
All stationary objects remain in a fixed position. When the vessel’s symbol reaches the edge of
the screen, the radar image will be redrawn with the vessel symbol re-positioned in center of
the screen.
When True motion is selected, the menu will expand to include a reset true motion option.
This allows for manually resetting the radar image and vessel symbol to screen center.
Measuring range and bearing to a target
Using the cursor
The cursor is by default not shown on the radar image.
When you tap the radar panel the cursor will be visible, and the
cursor position window will be activated, showing range and bearing
from your vessel to cursor position.
Range rings
The range rings are displayed at preset distances from the vessel based on the radar range.
You can use the range ring to estimate the distance to a radar echo.
EBL/VRM
The electronic bearing line (EBL) and variable range marker (VRM) allows quick measurements
of range and bearing to vessels and landmasses within radar range. Two different EBL/VRMs
can be placed on the radar image.
The EBL/VRM is by default positioned from the center of the vessel. It is however possible to
offset the reference point to any selected position on the radar image.
You can position EBL/VRM by using the cursor, and edit the marker
position as described below.
When positioned, you can quickly turn the EBL/VRM on/off by tapping
the relevant markers on the data bar.
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Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
Defining an EBL/VRM marker
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Ensure that the cursor is not active on the radar panel (press the X key)
Activate the menu
Select one of the EBL/VRM markers
Select adjustment method, and tap the screen to adjust the marker
Tap the panel key to save the marker position
When positioned, you can quickly turn the EBL/VRM on/off by tapping
the relevant section on the data bar (NSS8 and NSS12 only).
Quick EBL/VRM marker positioning by using the cursor
1. Tap the radar panel to position the cursor
2. Activate the menu
3. Select one of the EBL/VRM markers
- The EBL line and the VRM circle will be positioned according to the cursor position
4. If required, tap the panel to reposition the marker
5. Press Save EBL/VRM panel key or activate the menu to save the position
Setting a guard zone around your vessel
A guard zone is an area (either circular or a sector) that you can define on the radar image.
When activated, an alarm will alert you when a radar target enters or exits the zone.
Defining a guard zone
1.
2.
3.
4.
Activate the menu
Select one of the guard zones
Select shape
Select Adjust to position the zone, and tap and drag on the
screen or use the rotary knob to adjust range, depth, bearing
and width
5. Save the position by tapping the panel key or by activating the
menu
When positioned, you can quickly turn the guard zones on/off by tapping the relevant
section on the data bar (NSS8 and NSS12 only).
Alarm settings
An alarm will be activated when a radar target breaches the guard zone limits. You can select
if the alarm will be activated when the target enters or exits the zone.
Sensitivity
The guard zone sensitivity can be adjusted to eliminate alarms for small targets.
Radar options
The radar threshold
The threshold sets required signal strength for the lowest radar signals. Radar returns below
this limit will be filtered and not displayed.
Default value: 30%.
Target boost
The target boost option is used for increasing the size of radar targets.
Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
| 45
Target expansion
Target expansion will override and increase the default radar pulse length, providing larger
target returns.
Target trails
You can define how long time the trail that each target leaves should remain on your radar
panel. You can also turn OFF target trails.
 Note: True motion is recommended when using Target trails
Clearing target trails from the panel
When target trails are displayed on the panel, the radar menu will be expanded to include an
option where you can clear target trails from your radar panel temporarily. The target trails will
start to appear again unless you switch them off as described above.
The radar palette
Different colors (palettes) can be used to represent detail on your radar panel.
Radar orientation
Radar orientation is indicated on the upper left corner of the radar panel as either HU
(Heading UP), NO (North Up) or CU (Course up).
Heading up
Rotates the radar image to display the current heading directly up on the radar image.
North up
Rotates the radar image with the north direction upwards.
Course up
Rotates the radar image to display the current navigation course directly up.
This option works only when the NSS is navigating an active route. If you are not navigating
an active route the heading up orientation will be used until the navigation function is
started.
Fast scan
(Broadband Radar™ only).
Increases the speed of the radar scanner when the range is set to 2 nm or less. This option
gives faster updates on target movements within this range.
STC curve
(Broadband Radar™ only).
The STC (Sensitivity Time Control) controls the sensitivity of the radar signal close to your
vessel. Your selection should be based on the current sea conditions.
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Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
MARPA targets
If the NSS includes a heading sensor, the MARPA function (Mini Automatic Radar Plotting Aid)
can be used to track up to tem radar targets.
You can define alarms to notify you if a target gets too close. Refer “MARPA target settings” on
page 47.
MARPA tracking is an important tool for collision avoidance.
 Note: MARPA requires heading data for both the radar and the NSS .
MARPA target symbols
The NSS system use the target symbols shown below.
Symbol
Description
Acquiring MARPA target. Typically it takes up to 10 full rotations of the scanner
Tracking MARPA target, not moving or at anchor.
Tracking and safe MARPA target with extension lines.
Dangerous MARPA target.
A target is defined as dangerous based on the CPA, TCPA and AIS Range
settings. Refer “Vessel alarm settings” on page 48.
When no signals have been received within a time limit a target will be defined
as lost.
The target symbol represents the last valid position of the target before the
reception of data was lost.
Selected MARPA target, activated by tapping on the target icon.
The target will return to default target symbol when the cursor is removed.
Tracking MARPA targets
1. Tap on the target on the radar panel
2. Select Acquire targets from the menu
3. Repeat process for more targets
Once your targets are identified, it may take up to 10 radar sweeps to acquire and then track
the target.
Cancelling target tracking
When targets are being tracked, the radar menu will expand to include options for cancelling
individual targets or to stop the tracking function.
Cancel tracking individual targets by tapping the icon before activating the menu.
Viewing target information
Basic target information can be shown in the data bar.
You can also use the Tools pages to view information about targets. See page 79 .
MARPA target settings
Several vessel settings define alarm limits and how the targets are displayed on your radar
image.
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| 47
Target trails and safe rings
You can define the length of the MARPA trail
making it easier to follow target movement.
A circle can be added around the MARPA target
to present the danger zone. Refer “Defining
dangerous vessels” on page 48.
The vessels extension lines
Sets the length of the extension lines for your vessel and for other vessels.
The length of the extension lines is either set as a fixed distance, or to indicate the distance
the vessel will move in the selected time period.
Defining dangerous vessels
You can define dangerous vessels based upon CPA
(Closest Point of Approach) or TCPA (Time to Closest
Point of Approach). When your vessel comes within
this distance from a vessel, the symbol will change
to the “dangerous” target symbol. An alarm will be
triggered if activated in the Alarm settings panel.
Vessel alarm settings
You can define several Vessels
alarms to alert you if a target
comes within predefined
range limits, or if a previously
identified target is lost.
Alarm ID
Description
Dangerous vessel
Controls whether an alarm shall be activated when a vessel
comes within the predefined CPA or TCPA. See Defining
dangerous vessels above.
 Note: The check box controls whether the alarm pop-up box
is displayed and if the siren will sound. The CPA and TCPA
defines when a vessel is dangerous regardless of the enabled/
disabled state.
MARPA target lost
Controls whether an alarm shall be activated when a MARPA
target is lost
MARPA unavailable
Controls whether an alarm shall be activated if you do not have
the required inputs for MARPA to work (valid GPS position and
heading sensor connected to the radar server)
Radar overlay
You can overlay the Radar image on the Chart. This can help you to easily interpret the radar
image by correlating the radar targets with charted objects.
When the radar overlay is selected, basic radar operational functions are available from the
Chart panel’s menu.
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Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
Radar settings panel
Radar symbology
You can turn on/off optional radar symbology individually from the Radar settings page. See
illustration showing optional radar items on page page 42.
Data bar
Turns on/off the radar data bar. Refer illustration on page 42.
The data bar can show up to 3 targets, arranged with the closest target
on top. You can select to show MARPA targets on top and before any AIS
targets, even if the AIS targets are closer to your vessel.
 Note: The data bar is only available on NSS8 and NSS12.
MARPA settings
Allows for adding target trails and guard zone indication around a MARPA target. Refer to
description on previous pages.
Installation
The Installation option is used for Radar installation, described in the separate NSS Installation
manual.
Using the radar | NSS Operator Manual
| 49
8
The echosounder
The echosounder function provides a view of the water and bottom beneath your vessel,
allowing you to detect fish and examine the structure of the sea floor.
The echosounder displays the water column moving from right to left on the panel.
You can select between single panel view and several split views as described later in this
chapter.
Fish arches
Upper range
Depth
Temperature
Frequency / zoom
Temp
graph *
Gain/
Color
indicators
Range scale
Zoom bars *
Sea bed
Depth line *
Lower range
A-scope *
* Optional echosounder image items
 Note: You turn the optional echosounder images on/off individually. See “The echosounder
settings panel” on page 55.
Setting up the echosounder panel
The echosounder panel is setup from the panel’s main menu.
The range
The range setting determines the water depth that is visible on the screen.
Auto range
If you select Auto, the system will automatically display the whole range from the water
surface to the bottom.
Preset range levels
You can select between several preset range levels.
Custom range
This option allows you to manually set both upper and lower range
limits.
The echosounder panel can be setup as a single view, or with split
view where the left and the right side presents different images.
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The echosounder | NSS Operator Manual
Split screen options
Zoom
The Zoom mode presents a magnified view of
the sounder image on the left side of the panel.
By default the zoom level is set to 2x. You can
select up to 8x zoom from the drop-down
menu.
The range zoom bars on the right side of the
display shows the range that is magnified. If you
increase the zooming factor the range will be
reduced. You will see this as reduced distance
between the zoom bars.
Zoom bars
Bottom lock
The bottom lock mode is useful when you want
to view echoes close to the bottom.
In this mode the left side of the panel shows
an image where the bottom is flattened. The
range scale is changed to measure from the
seabed (0) and upwards. The bottom and the
zero line will always be shown on the left image,
independent on range scale.
The scaling factor for the image on the left side
of the panel is adjusted as described for the
Zoom option.
Echo frequency
The NSS unit supports several transducer
frequencies. Available frequencies depend on
sounder module and which transducer model is
connected.
You can view two frequencies at the same time
by setting up a dual echosounder
Noise rejection
Signal interference from bilge pumps, engine vibration and air bubbles can clutter the image.
The noise rejection option filters the signal interference and reduces the on-screen clutter..
The scroll speed
You can select the scrolling speed of the echosounder image on the screen. A high scroll
speed will update the image fast, while a low scroll speed will present a longer history.
IN
MOB
OUT
MOB
Zooming
You can use the IN / OUT keys to select zooming level on the Echosounder
image.
Zoom level is shown on the upper left side of the echosounder the panel.
When zooming in, the sea floor will be kept near to bottom of the screen,
irrespective of whether it is in auto-range or manual range.
If the range is set considerably less than the actual depth, the unit will not be able to find the
bottom when zooming.
If the cursor is active, the unit will zoom in where the cursor is pointed.
The echosounder | NSS Operator Manual
| 51
Adjusting color and gain settings
Gain
The gain controls the sensitivity of the echosounder.
The more you increase the gain, the more details will be shown on the image. However, a
higher gain setting may introduce more background clutter on the image. Conversely, if the
gain is set too low weak echoes may not be displayed.
Auto gain
The Auto gain option will keep the sensitivity at a level that works well under most conditions.
With the gain in auto mode, you can set a positive or negative offset that gets applied to the
auto gain. This is indicated as A-40 - A40.
Color
Strong and weak echo signals have different colors to indicate the different signal strengths.
The colors used depend on which palette you select.
The more you increase the Color setting, the more echoes will be displayed in the color at the
strong return end of the scale.
Adjusting the Gain and Color settings
Gain and Color are adjustable by using the rotary knob.
You select between Gain and Color by pressing the rotary knob. The active control will
expand and display it’s name in full. You can then adjust the value by turning the knob.
If you press and hold the rotary knob when Gain is selected, you switch between Auto and
Manual gain option.
If no adjustments are made within 3 seconds the controls will return to default size.
Using the cursor on the echosounder panel
The cursor is by default not shown on the sounder image.
When you tap the screen the cursor will appear and the depth at the cursor position will be
shown, the information window and the history bar will be activated.
To remove the cursor and cursor elements from the panel, press the Clear cursor panel key
or the X key.
Viewing sounder history
Whenever the cursor is shown on a sounder panel, the red scroll bar is also shown. The scroll
bar shows the image you are currently viewing in relation to the total echosounder image
history stored.
The scroll bar on the far right side indicates that you are viewing the latest soundings. If you
position the cursor to the left side of the screen, the history bar will start scrolling towards left,
and the automatic scrolling as new soundings are received will be turned off.
You can pan the image history by dragging left/right on the screen.
To resume normal scrolling, tap the Clear cursor panel button or press the X key.
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The echosounder | NSS Operator Manual
Placing a mark on an echosounder image
You can position a mark at the vessel’s position by pressing and holding the MENU key.
You can position a mark on a selected echosounder item by tapping the screen and then
activating the menu.
 Note: Only marks positioned by using the cursor will include depth information.
Measuring distance
The cursor can be used to measure the distance between the position of two observations on
the sounder image. It is easier to use the measure function when the sounder image is
paused.
1. Activate the menu to start the measure function
- The cursor will be positioned in the middle of
the panel, and the distance will be measured
from this position
2. Tap on the screen to select the second measuring
point
- A line will be drawn between the measuring
points, and the distance will be listed in the
Information window
3. Continue tapping the screen to position new measuring points
When you press the Finish measuring panel button or the X key the echosounder will
resume to normal scrolling.
Pausing the echosounder
You can pause the sounder, allowing you to examine the sounder echoes. The function is
activated from “The echosounder settings panel”, see page 55.
This function is useful when you need to position a waypoint exactly on the echosounder
panel, and if you are using the cursor to measure a distance between 2 elements on the
image.
Recording the echosounder data
You can record echosounder data and save the file internally in the NSS unit, or on to a MicroSD card inserted into the unit’s card reader.
The function is activated from “The echosounder settings panel”, see page 55.
The following options are available:
Bytes per sounding
Select how many bytes per seconds that are to be
used when saving the log file. More bytes yield better
resolution, but will cause the record file to increase in
size compared to using lower byte settings.
Log all channels
Logs all available sonar data simultaneously.
When logging all channels, logs are saved in SL2
format instead of .slg format.
Log in XTF format
Optional logging format for SideScan data. This will only be available when a StructureScan
unit is connected.
This format does not log all channels into one file. The format is used for third part application
support on the PC (like SonarWiz) that need access to the StructureScan data.
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| 53
When the echosounder image
is being recorded, there will
be a flashing red symbol and a
message will appear periodically
at the bottom of the screen.
Recording
symbol
The graphics shows that both
conventional echosounder and
StructureScan data are being
logged
Logging
message
The sounder recording is stopped by re-selecting the Record function.
Viewing the recorded sounder data
Both internally and externally stored sounder records may be reviewed when
selected.
The log file is displayed as a paused image, and you control the scrolling and
display from the replay menu.
You can use the cursor on the replay image, and pan the image by tapping
and dragging on the screen as on a normal echo image.
If more than one channel was recorded in the selected echo file, you can select which
channel to display.
You exit the replay mode by pressing the X key or the
symbol in the upper right corner.
Echo options
Palettes
Several display palettes with varying degrees of color and brightness are available.
Bottom coloring
The bottom coloring option colors the entire bottom and hard structure in bottom area in
one brown shade. This will clearly separate fish and vegetation from the bottom.
No bottom coloring
Bottom coloring ON
Optional echosounder image items
Echosounder images can be turned on/off individually. Refer graphics on page 50.
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The echosounder | NSS Operator Manual
The fish echoes
You can select how you want the echoes to appear on the echosounder image.
Traditional fish echoes
Fish symbols and depth indication
StructureScan™ overlay
When a StructureScan unit is connected to your NSS system, you can overlay a
DownScan image on the regular echo image.
When activated as described below, the echosounder menu will expand to
include basic StructureScan options.
Gain for both images can be adjusted as described on “Adjusting color and gain
settings” on page 52.
For more information about StructureScan, see “StructureScan™” on page 58.
The echosounder settings panel
The echosounder source
If you have more than one echosounder on your network, you can select which sounder to
be the preferred source on this NSS unit.
Network echosounder
You can share the echosounder connected to this NSS unit on the network
For more information about how to setup echosounders, refer to the separate NSS Installation
manual.
The ping speed
The Ping Speed controls the rate the transducer transmits into the water. A high ping speed
will make the image move fast on the screen, while a low ping speed will present a longer
history on the screen. The reverberation potentially caused by too high ping speed can cause
interference on the screen.
Clarity
Wave action, boat wakes and temperature inversion can cause on-screen clutter near the
surface.
The surface clarity option reduces surface clutter by decreasing the sensitivity of the receiver
near the surface.
Pausing the echosounder
Refer page 53.
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| 55
Overlay downscan
When a StructureScan unit is connected to your NSS system, you can overlay DownScan
images on the regular echo image.
When activated, the echosounder menu will expand to include basic StructureScan options.
See “StructureScan™ overlay” described previously.
Recording and viewing the echosounder data
See page 53.
Search depth
Noise may cause the echosounder to search for unrealistic depths.
By adjusting the search depth you can avoid that such conditions interfere normal
echosounder operation.
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The echosounder | NSS Operator Manual
9
StructureScan™
StructureScan™ is an optional hardware module
that uses high frequency to provide a High
resolution image of the seabed
StructureScan™ provides a 150 m (480 ft) wide
coverage in high detail with SideScan, while the
DownScan™ provides picture perfect images
of structure and fish directly below your boat,
down to 90 m (300 ft).
The StructureScan™ panel is accessed from the shortcut icon on the Pages panel when the
StructureScan external box and transducer are fitted.
Setting up the StructureScan™ image
The view
The StructureScan panel can be set up as a traditional downscan image, or showing left/right
side scanning.
The DownScan image can also be added as an overlay to the traditional Echosounder image.
For more information, refer to “StructureScan™ overlay” on page 56.
DownScan
Depth
Temperature
Frequency / zoom
Range
scale
Upper
range
Color
indicator
Sea bed
StructureScan™ | NSS Operator Manual
Lower
range
| 57
SideScan
Range
scale
Left water column
Right water column
Surface
Su
urfface
The range
The range setting determines the water depth that is visible on the screen.
Auto range
When the range is set to Auto the system will automatically set the range depending on the
water depth.
Preset range levels
You can select between several preset range levels.
When manually changing the range the upper depth line will always be at the water surface.
This options allows you to focus on echoes at the upper part of the water column.
StructureScan™ Frequencies
StructureScan supports two frequencies. 455 kHz is ideal for greater depth penetration and
while 800 kHz provides better definition especially at shallower depths.
Zooming
IN
MOB
58 |
OUT
MOB
You can use the IN / OUT keys to select zooming level on the StructureScan
image.
Zoom level is shown on the panel.
StructureScan™ | NSS Operator Manual
DownScan image
When zooming in on a DownScan image, the sea floor will be kept near to bottom of the
screen, irrespective of whether it is in auto-range or manual range.
If the range is set considerably less than the actual depth, the unit will not be able to find the
bottom when zooming.
If the cursor is active, the unit will zoom in where the cursor is pointed.
SideScan image
Zooming on a SideScan image acts as for DownScan, except that it zooms on the surface
rather than trying to keep the sea floor in view.
When the cursor is active, it will zoom where the cursor is pointed.
Adjusting the color settings
Strong and weak echo signals have different colors to indicate
the different signal strengths. The colors used depend on
which palette you select.
The more you increase the Color setting, the more echoes will
be displayed in the color at the strong return end of the scale.
Color is adjustable by using the rotary knob. When you press
the knob the color control image will expand and display
it’s name in full. You can then adjust the value by turning
the knob. If no adjustments are made within 3 seconds the
control will return to default size.
Using the cursor on the StructureScan™ panel
The cursor is by default not shown on the StructureScan
image.
When you tap the screen the cursor will appear. The left/
right distance from the vessel to the cursor are shown at the
cursor position, and the information window and the history
bar will be activated.
To remove the cursor and cursor elements from the panel,
press the Clear cursor panel key or the X key.
Viewing StructureScan history
Whenever the cursor is active on a StructureScan panel, the red scroll bar is also shown. The
scroll bar shows the image you are currently viewing in relation to the total StructureScan
image history stored.
Depending of the view selected, the scroll bar is on the far right side (DownScan) or at the
bottom of the screen (SideScan).
You can pan the image history by dragging up/down (SideScan) or left/right DownScan.
To resume normal StructureScan scrolling, tap the Clear cursor panel button or press the X
key.
Placing a mark on a StructureScan™ image
You can position a mark at the vessel’s position by pressing and holding the MENU key.
You can position a mark on a selected echosounder item by tapping the screen and then
activating the menu.
 Note: Only marks positioned by using the cursor will include depth information.
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Measuring distance
The cursor can be used to measure the distance between two observations on the
StructureScan image. It is easier to use the measure function when the sounder image is
paused.
1. Activate the menu to start the measure function
- The cursor will be positioned in the middle of the panel, and the distance will be measured
from this position
2. Tap on the screen to select the second measuring point
- A line will be drawn between the measuring points, and the distance will be listed in the
Information window
3. Continue tapping the screen to position new measuring points
When you press the Finish measuring panel button or the X key the echosounder will
resume to normal scrolling.
Pausing StructureScan™
You can pause the StructureScan, allowing you to examine the structures and other images in
more depth and detail.
This function is useful when you need to position a waypoint exactly on the Structurescan
image, and if you are using the cursor to measure a distance between 2 elements on the
image.
Recording the StructureScan™ data
You can record StructureScan data and save the file internally in the NSS unit, or onto a MicroSD card as described in “Recording and viewing the echosounder data” on page 57.
Structure options
Structure palette
Several display palettes with varying degrees of color and brightness are available.
Structure noise rejection
Signal interference from bilge pumps, engine vibration and air bubbles can clutter the
StructureScan image.
The noise rejection option filters the signal interference and reduces the on-screen clutter.
Clarity
Wave action, boat wakes and temperature inversion can cause on-screen clutter near the
surface.
The clarity option reduces surface clutter by decreasing the sensitivity of the receiver near the
surface.
Flipping Left/Right image
If required, the left/right SideScanning images can be flipped to match the corresponding
side of you vessel.
The Structure source
If you have more than one StructureScan on your network, you can select which unit to be
the preferred source on this NSS unit.
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StructureScan™ | NSS Operator Manual
The Instruments panels
10
The instrument panels consists of multiple gauges - analog, digital and bar - that can be
customized to display selected data. The instrument panel displays data on dashboards, and
you can define up to ten dashboards within the instrument panel.
 Note! To include fuel/engine information, engine and tank information has to be
setup from the Settings panel.
The dashboards
Three dashboard layouts are predefined to display gauges showing information about vessel,
navigation information and angler requirement.
You switch between a panel’s dashboards by tapping the left and right side of the panel, or by
selecting the dashboard from the menu.
Vessel dashboard
Navigation dashboard
Angler dashboard
 Note: Additional dashboards can be activated. Refer “Changing system settings”, “Advanced”
on page 83.
Customizing the Instrument panel
You can customize the Instrument panel by changing the data for each of the gauges in the
dashboard, by changing the dashboard layout, and by adding new dashboards. You can also
set limits of analog gauges.
All edit options are available from the Instrument panel menu.
Available editing options will depend on which data sources that are connected to your
system.
Edit an Instrument dashboard
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select the dashboard you want to edit, then;
Activate the menu
Select the edit option
Tap and hold on the gauge you want to change. The selected gauge will have a red outline
Select info to display
Save your changes by using the menu or by tapping the Finish editing panel button.
You can also use the rotary knob to select menu item and gauges.
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11
Using AIS
If an AIS device is connected, any targets detected by this devices can be displayed and
tracked. You can also see messages and position for DSC transmitting devices within range.
AIS targets can be displayed as overlay on radar and chart images, and this feature is an
important tool for safe travelling and collision avoidance.
You can define alarms to notify you if an AIS target gets too close or if the target is lost.
AIS vessels on a chart panel
AIS vessels on a radar panel
Target symbols
The NSS system use the AIS target symbols shown below:
Symbol
Description
Sleeping AIS target (not moving or at anchor).
Moving and safe AIS target with course extension line.
Dangerous AIS target,
illustrated with bold line.
A target is defined as dangerous based on
the CPA and TCPA settings. Refer “Defining
dangerous vessels” on page 64.
Lost AIS target.
When no signals have been received within a
time limit a target will be defined as lost.
The target symbol represents the last valid
position of the target before the reception of
data was lost.
Selected AIS target, activated
The target will return to default target symbol
by tapping on a target
when the cursor is moved.
symbol.
Viewing information about AIS targets
Selecting single AIS targets
When you tap an AIS icon on the chart or radar
panel the symbol will change to Selected target
symbol, and the vessel name will be displayed.
You can display detailed information for a target by
activating the menu when the target is selected.
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Using AIS | NSS Operator Manual
Viewing information about all AIS targets
Chart pages
You can view information about all AIS targets
within range of your vessel from the menu.
Radar pages
The data bar includes information about up to 3 AIS targets.
The targets are listed with the closest target on top, and are color coded to
indicate target status.
 Note: Data bar is not available on NSS7.
Vessel alarms
You can define several alarms to alert you if a
target comes within predefined range limits, or if
a previously identified target is lost.
Alarm ID
Description
Dangerous vessel
Controls whether an alarm shall be activated when a vessel comes
within the predefined CPA or TCPA. See “Defining dangerous
vessels” on page 64.
 Note: The check box controls whether the alarm pop-up box
is displayed and if the siren will sound. The CPA and TCPA
defines when a vessel is dangerous regardless of the enabled/
disabled state.
AIS vessel lost
Sets the range for lost vessels. If a vessel is lost within this range
this will trigger an alarm
Vessel message
Controls whether an alarm shall be activated when a message is
received from an AIS target
The vessel settings panel
Your vessel’s MMSI number
You need to have your own MMSI (Maritime Mobile Service Identity) number entered in the
NSS system to be able to receive addressed messages from AIS and DSC vessels.
It is also important to have the MMSI number entered to avoid seeing your own vessel as an
AIS target on the chart.
 Note: The Vessel message option in the alarm settings must be toggled on if any MMSI
message shall be displayed.
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Filtering the targets
All targets are by default shown on the display if an AIS device is
connect to the NSS system.
You can select to not show any targets, or to filter the icons based on
security settings, distance and vessel speed.
The vessels extension lines
The length of the extension lines for your vessel and for other
vessels can be set by the user.
The length of the extension lines is either set as a fixed distance,
COG
or to indicate the distance the vessel will move in the selected
time period.
Heading
For own vessel heading information is read from active heading
sensor, and COG information is as received from the active GPS.
For other vessels COG data is included in the message received from the AIS system.
Defining dangerous vessels
You can define an invisible guard zone around your
vessel. When a target comes within this distance from
your vessel, the symbol will change to the “dangerous”
target symbol. An alarm will be triggered if activated
in the Alarm settings panel.
Speed and course indication
The extension line can be used to indicate speed and course for targets; either as absolute
(true) motion in the chart or relative to your vessel.
Different line style is used on the extension lines to indicate motion as shown below.
Absolute motion
Relative motion
AIS icon orientation
Sets the orientation of the AIS icon; either based on heading or COG information.
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Using AIS | NSS Operator Manual
12
Audio
When the NSS is connected to a SonicHub server you can use your unit to control audio playback from iPod, iPhone, USB mass storage device (mp3) and AM/FM radio. Before playing FM
radio through the SonicHub, you must purchase a marine-grade AM/FM antenna.
When connected to a WM-2 Satellite module you can subscribe and include Sirius™ audio on
your NSS system. Sirius™ audio and weather service covers inland US waters and coastal areas
into the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The Sirius™ audio
products received vary depending on your selected subscription package. For more information refer to www.sirius.com.
Before you can start using your equipment, it must be installed according to the Installation
manual included with the unit.
Enabling audio
You must enable audio to control audio on your
NSS unit.
The audio media bar
When audio is enabled, the media bar will appear at the bottom of the screen on all pages.
The media bar varies from one audio source to another.
Panel buttonss
VVolume level
Media bar
You switch focus between other panels and the media bar by tapping on the selected panel.
The audio menus
When you tap the media bar, the audio panel buttons are displayed. Tapping the screen again
makes these go away.
When the media bar is active you can display the full audio menu by:
MARK
MENU
•
Pressing the MENU key
•
Tapping the MENU panel button
•
Pressing and holding on the media
bar
The menus differs from one audio source to another as shown in the following sections.
Audio | NSS Operator Manual
| 65
Setting up the SonicHub speakers
Speaker zones
Your unit has four on-board amplified channels for directly driving speakers. There are also
two low level channels (stereo) for supplying signal to an external amplifier, plus two mono
channels for amplified subwoofer(s).
The audio outputs are organized in 3 zones. You can adjust balance, volume and volume limit
settings independently for each zone. Adjustments to the bass and treble settings will alter all
zones. Refer graphics.
Zone 1
Left/Right speakers
Zone 2
Left/Right speakers
Zone 3
Amplifier output, Subwoofer output
Master volume control
By default the volume for all speaker zones are adjusted when you adjust the volume on an
NSS unit.
You can adjust each speaker zone individually from any NSS unit from the SonicHub Zones
dialog. From this dialog you can also define which zones that shall be altered when you
increase/decrease the volume from the control unit.
MARK
MAR
MA
MENU
Operating the audio source
Selecting the audio source
You switch between available audio sources from the audio menu.
 Note: The Mic source selects a high voltage level input allowing you to broadcast loud hailer
messages over the audio system.
Adjusting the volume
The volume is adjusted by using the rotary knob, pressing the IN / OUT key
or by tapping the volume level icon and then dragging your finger on the
slide bar.
The volume can also be adjusted by using the menu, and from the master control dialog as
described later in this chapter.
Muting
You toggle muting on/off by pressing the rotary knob.
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Audio | NSS Operator Manual
Audio playback
Playback panel buttons
•
Tap
Display source’s native menu
•
Tap
Play previous track
•
Tap
Play
•
Tap
Play next track
•
Tap
Display audio menu
Shuffle and repeat
Shuffle and repeat is turned on/off from the audio menu, or by tapping the icons
in the media bar. The icons will be red when the function is turned on.
The playback menu
The playback menus includes an option giving
access to the source’s native menu or file structure, used for selecting tracks.
The examples show iPod menus.
Using the FM/AM radio
Selecting AM/FM tuner region
Before playing FM or AM radio, you must select the appropriate AM and FM tuner regions for
your location.
The AM/FM panel buttons
•
Tap and hold
Tune in to an AM/FM radio channel
•
Tap
Goto previous/next station in favorite list
•
Tap
Display audio menu
Saving a channel to the favorite list
When the channel is tuned in, you can add the stations to your favorite
list.
All favorite channels can be viewed, selected and deleted from within
this list.
Audio | NSS Operator Manual
| 67
Using Sirius radio
The Sirius panel buttons
•
Tap and hold
Tune in to a Sirius radio channel
•
Tap
Goto previous/next station in favorite list
•
Tap
Display audio menu
The channels list
The channels list displays all available Sirius channels, whether or not you have a subscription
for the channel.
The favorite list
You can create of list of your favorite Sirius channels from within the channels list. You will not
be able to add unsubscribed channels.
When a favorite list is available, you page through this list using the panel buttons.
Locking channels
You can lock selected Sirius channels from being broadcast unless an unlock code is entered.
When the function is activated, a 4 digit code must be entered before the locking is activated.
The same code must be entered before a locked channel can be released.
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Audio | NSS Operator Manual
13
SiriusXM™ weather (North America only)
When connected to a Navico Weather Module WM-2, you can subscribe and include Sirius™
audio and Sirius™ Marine Weather Service on your NSS system (North America only).
Sirius™ audio and weather service covers inland US waters and coastal areas into the Atlantic
and Pacific oceans, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
The audio and weather products received vary depending on your selected subscription
package. For more information refer to www.siriusxm.com/marineweather.
The Sirius™ status panel
When the WM-2 is connected to the system, you will get access to the Sirius™ status panel.
Signal strength is indicated as 1/3 (weak), 2/3
(good) or 3/3 (preferred).
The ESN shows the electronic serial number for
the WM-2 module.
The weather display
The Sirius™ weather can be displayed as an overlay on your chart panel.
When weather overlay is selected, the chart menu will increase to show the available weather
options.
Precipitation
color shadingg
CCity forecast icon
SST color barr
SStorm icons
SST color
shading
Wind barbs
W
Showing detailed weather information
When you tap a shaded weather area, available information will be shown in the cursor window.
When you tap a weather icon, detailed information about the observation can be displayed
by using the menu or by pressing the rotary knob.
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Weather symbology
Precipitation
Shades of color are used to show precipitation type and intensity. Darkest color indicates
highest intensity.
Precipitation type
Color codes
Rain
From light green (light rain) - yellow - orange - to dark red (heavy rain)
Snow
Blue
Mixed
Pink
Sea surface temperature (SST)
Can be shown as color shading or text.
When color coding is selected, the SST color bar will be shown on the left side of the display.
You can define which temperature range that shall be color coded as described later in this
section.
Wave indication
Colors are used to indicate forecasted wave height. Dark red indicate the highest waves, while
blue are used for the lowest.
You can define which height range that shall be color coded as described later in this section.
Wind symbols
D
Direction
Length and rotation of the barbs indicate wind direction and speed.
Adjusting the color shading
You can define the sea surface temperature range
and wave height color coding.
The temperature above warm and below cool values
will be displayed as progressively darker red and
darker blue.
Waves higher than the maximum value will be indicated with progressively darker red. Waves lower than the minimum value will not be color
coded.
Weather icons
Several weather icons are available to show current or predicted weather conditions. You can
tap an icon to display detailed weather information.
Icon
Description
City forcast
Surface observation
Tropical storm tracking; past (grey) - present (red) - future (yellow)
Hurricane (category 1-5) tracking; past (grey) - present (red) - future (yellow)
Tropical disturbance/depression tracking; past (grey) - present (red) - future
(yellow)
Storm attributes
Lightning
Watch box location and warning
Marine zone location
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SiriusXM™ weather (North America only) | NSS Operator Manual
Weather overlay transparency
The opaqueness of the weather overlay can be adjusted.
Min transparency
Max transparency
Weather alarms
You can setup the lightning or storm alarms to be within a certain range of your vessel.
You can also get an alarm is a severe weather forecast alarm is issued for your chosen marine
zone.
A watchbox is defined by the National Weather Service. When the alarm is turned on you will
get an alarm if your vessel is inside or moves into a watchbox.
Weather reports
Marine zone
Sirius™ service includes access to weather reports for
all U.S. Marine Zones, with the exception of the high
seas zones..
You can setup the system to read the forecast for a
selected area.
Tap the selected zone, and use the menu to confirm
your selection.
Tropical statements
You can read tropical statements including information about tropical weather conditions.
These statements are available for the entire Atlantic and the Eastern Pacific.
Animating Sirius™ weather graphics
The NSS records the weather information you have turned on, and this information can be
used to animate past or future weather conditions. The amount of information available in the
system depends on the amount of weather activity,- the more complex it is the less time will
be available for animation.
You can animate the past or the future depending on which weather view you have turned
on:
• if the precipitation overlay was turned on, you can animate for the past and only assume
weather conditions in the immediate future.
• if the colored wave height overlay was turned on, you can animate the future (the
predictions)
When activated the time for the current graphic animation will be displayed in the lower left
corner of the chart panel.
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14
Using Video
The video function allows you to view videos or camera sources on your NSS screen.
For information about how to connect the camera, see the separate NSS Installation manuals
 Note: The video images will not be shared via the network. You can only view the video on
the unit connected to the video source.
The video panel
The video image will be proportionally scaled to fit into the video panel. Area not covered by
the image will be colored black.
The graphics below show images from a thermal imaging camera.
The video menus
When you tap the video panel, the video panel buttons are displayed. Tapping the screen
again makes these go away.
When the video panel buttons are active you can display the full video menu by:
MARK
MENU
•
Pressing the MENU key
•
Tapping the MENU panel
button
•
Pressing and holding on the
video panel
Setting up the video panel
The video source
NSS supports two video input channels. You can select to view one channel only, or to cycle
the image between available video cameras.
The cycle period can be set from 5 to 120 seconds.
Adjusting the video image
You can optimize the video display by adjusting the video image settings. The settings are
adjusted individually for each video source.
Default for all settings: 50%.
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Using Video | NSS Operator Manual
Mirroring the video image
Video input can be set to display a mirrored image. This setting can be helpful for rear-facing
cameras used to back-down the vessel.
The video standard
NSS supports NTSC and PAL video. The two channels are set up individually. Check the local
video standard or the standard of your cameras.
Using Video | NSS Operator Manual
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15
BEP CZone
The NSS system integrate with BEP’s CZone system used for controlling and monitoring a
distributed power system on your vessel.
A separate manual will be provided with your CZone system. Refer to this documentation and
to the NSS Installation for how to install and configure the CZone system.
The BEP CZone panel
When the CZone system is connected and configured, the CZone icon will be available on
the Tools panel. This icon gives access to the CZone panel, providing icons for ZCone modes
and system overview.
CZone modes
The CZone modes provide a one press functionality that allows multiple circuits to be controlled efficiently. The modes are configured during installation of the system.
All available modes will be displayed on the CZone panel.
If there are more than 6 modes configured on screen the rest of the modes will move to the
More Modes option.
CZone system overview options
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BEP CZone | NSS Operator Manual
Enables you to monitor all on board parameters including tank levels displayed in graphical,
percentage and volume remaining formats.
Shows control options and monitoring information.
Displays visual and audible alarms that can be set for high and low levels.
The CZone info panel
When the CZone is installed and configured, an additional CZone dashboard will be added to
the Instrument panels.
Vessel dashboard
Navigation dashboard
Angler dashboard
CZone dashboard
You switch between a panel’s dashboards by tapping the left and right arrow symbols or by
selecting the dashboard from the menu.
See “The Instruments
panels” on page 62 for
further information.
Editing the CZone dashboard
You can customize CZone dashboard by changing the data for each of the gauges. Available
editing options will depend on the type of gauge and which data sources are connected to
your system.
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16
The alarm system
The NSS system will continuously check for dangerous situations and system faults while
the system is running. When an alarm situation occurs, an alarm message will pop up on the
screen.
If you have enabled the siren, the alarm message will be followed by an audible alarm, and
the switch for external alarm will go active.
The alarm is recorded in the alarm listing so that you can see the details and take the
appropriate corrective action.
Type of messages
The messages are classified according to how the reported situation will affect your vessel.
The following color codes are used:
Color
Importance
Red
Critical
Orange
Important
Yellow
Standard
Blue
Warning
Green
Light warning
Single alarms
A single alarm is displayed with the name of the alarm as the title, and with
details for the alarm.
Multiple alarms
If more than one alarm is activated simultaneously, the alarm message will
display a list of up to 3 alarms. The alarms are listed in the order they occur
with the alarm activated first at the top. The remaining alarms are available
in the Alarms dialog.
Acknowledging a message
The following options are available in the alarm dialog for acknowledging a message:
Option
Result
OK
Sets the alarm state to acknowledged, meaning that you are aware of the alarm
condition. The siren / buzzer will stop and the alarm dialog will be removed.
The alarm will however remain active in the alarm listing until the reason for
the alarm has been removed.
Disable
Disables the current alarm setting. The alarm will not show again unless you
turn it back on in the Alarms dialog.
There is no time-out on the alarm message or siren. These remain until you acknowledge it or
until the reason for the alarm is removed.
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The alarm system | NSS Operator Manual
The alarms dialog
The alarms can be setup in the Alarms dialog. This dialog also includes information about
active alarms and alarm history.
The alarms are described in the chapter describing the corresponding feature. E.g. all
autopilot alarms are described in the Autopilot section.
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17
The Tools page
The Tools dialog includes options and tools that are not specific to any panel. This dialog and
sub-screen dialogs are always full screen.
A tools dialog will open on top of your previous page. When you close one of these dialogs
the display will return to last active page.
Any listing in the tools dialogs has a page menu, giving access to available options for the
selected item. The menu is displayed by tapping and holding on the screen or by pressing the
MENU key.
Vessels
Status listing
List of all AIS, MARPA, and DSC vessels with
available information.
Message listing
List of all messages received from other AIS vessels
with time stamp.
Alarms
Active alarms
List of active alarms.
Alarm history
List of all alarms with time stamp.
Alarm settings
List of all available alarm options in the system,
with current settings.
Satellites
Status page for active satellites.
WAAS (and EGNOS) differential position correction
can be configured to On or OFF.
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The Tools page | NSS Operator Manual
Find
Search function for several chart items.
Waypoints/routes/tracks
List of waypoints, routes and tracks with details.
Tap on the waypoint, route or track you wish to
edit or delete
Trip Log
Trip 1 / Trip 2
Displays voyage and engine information, with reset
option for all data fields.
Today
Displays voyage and engine information for current
date. All data fields will be automatically reset
when the date changes.
Sun/moon
Displays sunrise, sunset, moonrise and moonset for
a position based on entered date and the position’s
latitude/longitude.
Tides
Displays tide information for the tide station
nearest to your vessel.
Tap the arrow panel buttons to change date, or tap
the date field to access the calender function.
Available tide stations can be selected from the
menu.
The Tools page | NSS Operator Manual
| 79
Files
File management system for files, waypoints,
routes, tracks and settings.
CZone
CZone will appear when the system is connected
to a CZone system.
This allows for access to control, monitoring and
alarms associated with Czone circuits. It also allows
selection of custom operational modes if these
have been configured.
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The Tools page | NSS Operator Manual
Customizing your system
18
Page overview
The Pages group overview
The Pages group overview is pre-configured with 6
page groups and with 3 shortcut icons to Autopilot
panel, to a combined Chart/Echosounder panel, and to
the StructureScan™ panel.
The pre-configured shortcuts can be removed or
modified by the user.
The page group panels
Each of the 6 page group panels are pre-configured with
a combination of pages:
The main page in each group is a full size panel. All preconfigured pages, except the main page for the page
group, can be modified by the user.
Each page group can have up to 9 pages, organized as
single panels or as a combination of panels. You can also
define your own pages.
Create favorite pages
1.
•
2.
3.
You can edit a pre-configured page or define your own pages from the page editor.
Tap and hold on an empty page icon or a pre-configured page icon. You can also select the
icon with the rotary knob and then pressing the MENU key
The Page editor panel will be displayed
Drag and drop panel icons to set up your custom screen
Save the page layout by tapping the Save button.
You can have several panels on each page depending on screen size:
• NSS7
2 panels
• NSS8 and NSS12: 4 panels
The panels are arranged as illustrated below.
1
1
2
Customizing your system | NSS Operator Manual
1
2
1
2
3
4
3
| 81
Deleting a page
All pre-configured and user defined pages, except the main page for the page group, can be
deleted.
1. Tap and hold on the page icon for the page you want to remove. You can also select the icon
with the rotary knob and then pressing the MENU key
2. Select the delete option from the menu
Setting the appearance of the instrument bar
Data sources connected to the system can be viewed in the instrument bar on top of your
pages.
You can choose to turn the instrument bar off, display either one or two rows, or set it to
alternate the rows automatically.
Turning the databar on/off
1. Tap and hold on the page icon for the page you want to edit.
2. Toggle on/off the instrument bar from the menu
Changing the appearance of the databar
1. Tap and hold the instrument bar on top of the dialog to get access to the edit mode
2. Tap the instrument field to change, and select the type of information you want to display
3. Define the appearance for both rows, and the time period if you want the rows to alter automatically
4. Save your changes by tapping the Close button
Changing system settings
The system settings provides access to advanced settings for your system and determines the
way your system displays various user interface information on the display.
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Customizing your system | NSS Operator Manual
Language
Controls the language used on this unit for panels, menus and dialogs. Changing the
language will make the unit re-start.
Text size
Used for setting the text size on menus and dialogs.
Default setting: Normal
Key beeps
Controls the loudness of the beep sound when a key is pressed.
Default settings: On
Time
Controls the local time zone offset, and the format of the time and date.
Audio
Used for activating the audio media bar at the bottom of the pages.
Screen capture
Allows you to use the power key for capturing the screen image.
The image files can be moved or copied to a micro-SD card.
Restore defaults
Allows you to select which settings are to be restored to their original factory settings.
Power control
Controls whether this unit is a master or slave on the network.
Advanced
Shows a dialog with more advanced settings.
About
Displays copyright information and technical information for this unit.
Customizing your system | NSS Operator Manual
| 83
19
Using the simulator
Simulator mode
The simulation feature will let you see how the unit works in a stationary position and without
being connected to echosounder, radar, GPS etc.
You can use the simulator to help you become familiar with your unit before using it out on
the water.
When the simulator is toggled on this is indicated in the lower part of
the display.
Demo mode
In this mode the unit automatically runs through the main features of the product; it changes
pages automatically, adjusts settings, opens menus etc.
If you press a key when demo mode is running, the demonstration will pause. After a timeout period, demo mode will resume.
Selecting simulator source files
See “Recording the
echosounder data” on page
54 for information about
how to record sounder files.
You can select which data files to be used by the
simulator.
A set of source files is included in your system, and you
can import files by using an SD card inserted into the
units card reader.
You can also use your own recorded echosounder files in
the simulator.
Advanced simulator settings
The advanced simulator settings allow you to define how to run the simulator. When the
settings are saved these will be used as default when starting the simulator mode.
GPS source
Selects where the GPS data is generated from.
Speed, Course and Route
Used for manually enter values when GPS source is set
to Simulated course or Simulated route. Otherwise, GPS
data including speed and course comes from the selected
echosounder or radar files.
Set start position
Moves the vessel to current cursor position.
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Using the simulator | NSS Operator Manual
20
Maintenance
Preventive maintenance
The NSS unit does not contain any field serviceable components, therefore the operator is
required to perform only a very limited amount of preventative maintenance.
It is recommended that you always fit the supplied protective sun cover when the unit is not
in use.
Simple maintenance procedures
Cleaning the display unit
The supplied cleaning cloth should be used to clean the screen, where possible. Use plenty of
water to resolve and take away salt remains. Crystalized salt may scratch the coating if using a
damp cloth. Apply minimal pressure to the screen.
Where marks on the screen can’t be removed by the cloth alone, use a 50/50 mixture of warm
water and isopropyl alcohol to clean the screen. Avoid any contact with solvents (acetone,
mineral turpentine etc.), or ammonia based cleaning products, as they may damage the antiglare layer, plastics bezel, or rubber keys.
To prevent UV damage to the plastic bezel and rubber keys, it is recommended that the sun
cover be fitted when the unit is not in use for an extended period.
Cleaning the media port door
Clean the media port door regularly to avoid that salt crystallize on the surface, causing water
to leak into the card slot.
Checking the keys
Make sure that no keys are stuck in the down position. If one is stuck, wiggle the key to free it
back to normal.
Checking the connectors
The connectors should be checked by visual inspection only.
Push the connector plugs into the connector, if the connector plugs are equipped with a lock;
ensure that this is in the correct position.
Software upgrades
The latest software for the NSS will be available for download from our web site;
www.simrad-yaching.com.
Detailed instructions for how to install the software will follow the upgrade files.
For more details about software upgrades, refer to the separate Installation manual.
Trouble shooting
Failure
Corrective action
One or more functions do not operate as
normal
Perform a back to factory as described in
“Restore defaults” on page 84
Normal operation is not possible and back
to factory does not fix the problem
Switch off the unit, press and hold the
zoom in and out keys and switch on the
unit. Release the zoom keys after some 5-6
seconds. A second beep confirms the reset
Maintenance | NSS Operator Manual
| 85
Backing up your system data
Waypoints, routes, tracks that you create are filed on your system. It is recommended to
regularly copy these files and your system settings files as part of your back-up routine.
The files are copied to a Micro-SD card inserted in the card slot on the front of your unit.
Different output formats are available:
User Data File version 4
This is best used when transferring data from one
NS* system to another, since it contains all the extra
tid bits of information these systems store about
items.
User Data file version 3 ( with depth)
Should be used when transferring user data from an
NS* system to a legacy Lowrance ( LMS, LCX, etc )
User data file version 2 (no depth)
1.
2.
3.
4.
86 |
GPX (GPS Exchange)
This is the format most used on the web that shares
among most GPS systems in the world. Use this
format if you are taking data to a competitors unit.
Northstar.dat (no Tracks)
Used to transfer data to a legacy Northstar device.
The example shows how to export waypoints, routes and tracks. Selection is done by using
the rotary knob or the menu.
Select files
Press the rotary knob to access the export dialog, and select the file format you want to
export to
Select destination folder
Enter name for exported file
Maintenance | NSS Operator Manual
21
Menu and dialog overview
Panel menus
The graphics below shows panel specific menus without and with active cursor on the panel.
A panel menu is displayed by pressing the MENU key, by tapping the MENU pannel button
or by tapping and holding on the panel.
Chart
Instruments
 Note: Chart menu will be extended if
overlay is selected.
Echo
Video
Structure
Autopilot
Radar
Goto menu
This menu is displayed on any
panel by pressing and holding the
GO TO / PAGES key.
Menu and dialog overview | User Guide Style Template
| 87
Settings dialogs
The Settings overview page is available by repeated presses on the PAGES key.
System settings
Echosounder settings
Chart settings
Radar settings
Insight chart database
Autopilot settings
Navionics chart database
88 |
Menu and dialog overview | User Guide Style Template
Navigation settings
Units settings
Fuel settings
Network settings
Tracks settings
Vessels settings
Alarms settings
Simulator settings
Menu and dialog overview | User Guide Style Template
| 89
22
90 |
Index
A
About this manual 1
AIS 62
Defining dangerous vessels 64
Filtering the targets 64
Icon orientation 64
Selecting targets 62
Target symbols 62
Vessel alarms 63
Vessel settings 63
Alarms 76
Acknowledging a message 76
Dialog 77
History 77
Limits 25
Listing 78
Message 9
Messages 76
Multiple alarms 76
Single alarms 76
Vessel 63
Waypoint 21
Weather 71
Audio 65
FM/AM radio 67
Media bar 65
Menus 65
Operating the audio source 66
Rotary knob 66
Sirius radio 68
SonicHub speakers 66
Autopilot 28
Activating 28
AUTO mode 31
Crescent lights 39
Depth Contour Tracking, DCT 34
Dodging 35
EVC system 38
Follow-up steering (FU) 31
Gybing 37
Heading capture 31
Leg 33, 35, 36
Locking an NSS unit 39
Locking remote stations 38
Mode 28
Mode indication 28
Mode overview 29
Navigating with autopilot 25
Navigating with the 35
NoDrift mode 35
Panel 29
Pop up 28
Power steering (NFU) 31
Response 40
Rotary knob 32, 33, 35
Sailing parameters 40
Sailing with the autopilot 36
Sea state filter 39
Index | NSS Operator Manual
Settings 39
Standby 31
Tacking 37
Turn pattern steering 31
Turn variables 32
Using the NSS in an AP24/AP28 system
38
Waypoint arrival circle 36
Wind steering 38
Wind vane steering 36
B
Backing up your system data 86
Basic Operation 11
BEP CZone 74
Dashboard 75
Modes 74
Panel 74
System 80
System overview options 74
C
Cancel navigation 25
Charts 14
3D charts 16
View options 17
Zooming 16
Categories 18
Creating routes 15
Cursor 15
Detail 17
Dragging waypoints 15
Grid lines 20
Imagery style 18
Look ahead 17
Measuring distance 15
Micro-SD Card Slot 19
Objects 15
Options 17
Orientation 16
Overlay 16
Panel 14
Panning 14
Placing waypoints 15
Pop-up information 20
Range Rings 20
Rotary knob 14
Scale 14
Select chart item 15
Settings 19
Synchronize 2D/3D chart 20
Vessels’ extension lines 20
Vessel symbol 14
Compass symbol 28
Crescent lights 39
Cursor 13
Navigate to cursor position 24
Placing 13
Customizing your system 81
D
Data fields 27
Datum 26
Declarations 1
Demo mode 84
Dialog boxes 12
Scroll by dragging the list 12
Dialog overview 87
Dialogs 8
E
Echosounder 50
Clarity 55
Color settings 52
Cursor 52
Frequency 51
Gain settings 52
Image items 54
Measuring distance 53
Network 55
Noise rejection 51
Options 54
Overlay downscan 56
Palettes 54
Panel 50
Pause 53
Ping speed 55
Placing a mark 53
Recording 53, 56
Rotary knob 52
Scroll speed 51
Search depth 56
Settings 55
Split screen options 51
StructureScan™ overlay 55
Viewing sounder history 52
Zooming 51
F
Files 80
Fish’n Chip 19
FM/AM radio 67
Front panel and keys 7
G
Goto menu 24
GPS position 14, 16, 35, 48
GPS position info 27
GPS source 84
Great-circle 25
I
Instrument bar 8, 82
Instrument panels
Angler dashboard 61
Customize 61
Dashboard layouts 61
Edit 61
Index | NSS Operator Manual
Navigation dashboard 61
Rotary knob 61
Vessel dashboard 61
Instruments panels 61
K
Key beeps 83
Keys 7
MOB key 7
PAGES key 10
Power key 11
Rotary knob 7
L
Language 83
Light dialog 11
Listings 78
Alarms 78
CZone 80
Files 80
Find 79
Satellites 78
Sun/moon 79
Tides 79
Trip Log 79
Vessels 78
Waypoints/routes/tracks 79
Loran 26
M
Magnetic variation 26
Maintenance 85
Man Over Board 13
Cancel navigation 13
Delete a MOB mark 13
MOB key 7
Menu overview 87
Menus 8, 12
Rotary knob 12
Select by tapping 12
Touch screen 8
Micro-SD Card Slot 19
N
Navigating on the chart 24
Navigation settings 25
Navionics chart options 18
Fish’n Chip 19
Optional settings 19
Photo overlay 18
Photo transparency 19
P
Pages and panels 11
Active panel 12
Application panels 8
Autopilot panel 29
BEP CZone panel 74
Control pages 10
Create favorite pages 81
| 91
Deleting a page 82
Eshosounder panel 50
Instruments panels 61
MENU panel button 9
Pages group overview 81
Panel button 8
Panel menus 87
Position panels 27
Radar panel 42
Select 11
Steer panel 26
Tools page 78
Video panel 72
Panel menus 87
Position panels 27
Power control 83
Power key 11
R
Radar 42
Alarm settings 45
Center 43
Cursor 42
Data bar 49
Defining dangerous vessels 48
EBL/VRM 44
Fast scan 46
Gain 43
Guard zone 45
Image 43
Installation 49
Interference 43
Look Ahead 43
MARPA settings 49
MARPA targets 47
Measuring range and bearing 44
Offset 44
Operational modes 42
Options 45
Orientation 46
Overlay 42, 48
Palette 46
Panel 42
Rain Clutter 43
Range rings 44
Rotary controls 42
Rotary knob 43, 45
Sea clutter 43
Settings 49
STC curve 46
Symbology 42, 49
Target boost 45
Target expansion 46
Target trails 46
Threshold 45
True motion 44
Vessel alarm settings 48
Restore defaults 83
Rhumb line 25
Rotary knob 7
Routes 22
92 |
Index | NSS Operator Manual
Add a new routepoint 22
Course line 27
Creating new 22
Creating routes 15
Edit 22
Leg 22, 25
Listing 79
Navigate a route 24
Off course limit 27
Panel 23
Selecting start point 24
S
Satellite status 78
Screen capture 83
Screen details 8
Search function 79
Settings dialogs 88
Simulator 84
Advanced settings 84
Mode 84
Selecting source files 84
Sirius radio 68
Sirius weather 69
Animating weather graphics 71
Display 69
Icons 70
Information 69
Overlay transparency 71
Reports 71
Rotary knob 69
Symbology 70
Weather alarms 71
Software 2
Upgrades 85
SonicHub speakers 66
Split screen options 51
Standby mode 11
Steer panel 26
StructureScan 57
Color settings 59
Cursor 59
DownScan 57
DownScan image 59
Frequencies 58
History 59
Image settings 57
Measuring distance 60
Options 60
Pause 60
Placing a mark 59
Range setting 58
Recording data 60
Rotary knob 59
SideScan 58
SideScan image 59
Zooming 58
Sun/moon 79
System settings 82
T
Target symbols 62
Technical information 83
Text size 83
Tides 79
Time and date 83
Tools page 78
Touch screen, basic operation 11
Tracks 22
Creating new 23
Listing 79
Panel 23
Settings 23
Trip Log 79
Trouble shooting 85
V
Vessel status listing 78
Vessel symbol 14
Video 72
Adjusting image 72
Menus 72
Panel 72
Source 72
W
Warranty 1
Waypoints 21
Alarm settings 21
Dragging waypoints 15
Edit 21
Listing 79
Panel 23
Placing waypoints 15
Positioning 21
Index | NSS Operator Manual
| 93
*988-10102-002*
www.bandg.com
www.simrad-yachting.com
www.lowrance.com