Mettler Toledo AT Balances Operating instructions

Operating Instructions
Excellence Plus Balances
XP Models – Part 2
Terminal
System settings
Firmware
Applications
Weighing
Statistics
Formulation
Piece Counting
Percent Weighing
Density
Dynamic Weighing
Differential Weighing
LabX Client
Contents
3
Contents
1
Introduction to the Operating Instructions – Part 2 for XP balances.............................................................................. 8
“XP terminal, system and applications”............................................................................................................. 8
1.1
1.2
Contents of the Operating Instructions – Part 2 for XP balances....................................................................................... 8
What you should know about these instructions............................................................................................................. 8
2
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)................................................................... 9
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
Overview of the terminal................................................................................................................................................ 9
The display................................................................................................................................................................. 11
Performing a simple weighing..................................................................................................................................... 12
The firmware for your balance...................................................................................................................................... 13
Typical operating sequence......................................................................................................................................... 16
The security system of your balance............................................................................................................................. 17
3
System settings............................................................................................................................................. 18
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.3
3.8.4
3.8.5
3.8.6
3.9
3.10
Calling up the system settings..................................................................................................................................... 18
Overview of the system settings................................................................................................................................... 18
Settings for adjustment and tests................................................................................................................................. 19
Balance Information.................................................................................................................................................... 19
Standby (enery-saving function).................................................................................................................................. 20
Date and time............................................................................................................................................................. 21
Selecting peripheral devices........................................................................................................................................ 22
Configuring the security system................................................................................................................................... 24
Changing the administrator ID and password............................................................................................................... 25
Performing a global balance reset............................................................................................................................... 25
Defining user access rights.......................................................................................................................................... 25
Recording security-related operations.......................................................................................................................... 26
Reminder function for changing the password.............................................................................................................. 27
Specifying the number of users................................................................................................................................... 27
Settings for the level sensor (Model-dependent)........................................................................................................... 28
Printing the system settings......................................................................................................................................... 29
4
User settings................................................................................................................................................. 30
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
Calling up user-specific settings................................................................................................................................... 30
Overview of the user-specific settings........................................................................................................................... 30
Defining weighing parameters..................................................................................................................................... 30
Entering user data....................................................................................................................................................... 32
Settings for the doors of the glass draft shield (Model-dependent)................................................................................ 33
Terminal settings......................................................................................................................................................... 34
Resetting user profile settings...................................................................................................................................... 36
Printing user-specific settings...................................................................................................................................... 36
5
The “Weighing” application............................................................................................................................ 37
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
Selecting the application............................................................................................................................................. 37
Settings for the “Weighing” application........................................................................................................................ 37
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 37
Selecting function keys................................................................................................................................................ 39
Contents
4
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
5.2.8
5.2.9
5.2.10
5.2.11
5.2.12
5.2.13
5.2.14
5.2.15
5.2.16
5.2.17
5.2.18
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.4.4
5.4.5
Selecting “SmartTrac”.................................................................................................................................................. 40
Selecting information fields......................................................................................................................................... 40
Specifications for automatic record printing.................................................................................................................. 41
Selecting weighing units............................................................................................................................................. 42
Defining custom weighing units................................................................................................................................... 42
Defining the record..................................................................................................................................................... 43
Specifications for manual record printing..................................................................................................................... 45
Formatting the output data (Transfer Key)..................................................................................................................... 46
Defining IDs and record titles....................................................................................................................................... 48
Specifications for processing bar code data................................................................................................................. 49
Specifications for processing keyboard entries.............................................................................................................. 50
Settings for the “MinWeigh” function............................................................................................................................ 50
Defining and activating the tare memory...................................................................................................................... 51
Settings for the automatic tare function........................................................................................................................ 52
Settings for SmartSens and ErgoSens.......................................................................................................................... 52
Settings for the optional antistatic Kit (Model-dependent)............................................................................................. 53
Working with the “Weighing” application...................................................................................................................... 54
Changing the resolution of the weighing result............................................................................................................. 54
Tare options................................................................................................................................................................ 54
Working with the item counter..................................................................................................................................... 55
Working with IDs......................................................................................................................................................... 56
Weighing to a nominal value....................................................................................................................................... 57
Working with the “MinWeigh” function.......................................................................................................................... 58
Adjusting the balance and testing adjustments............................................................................................................ 59
Adjustment using the internal weight........................................................................................................................... 59
Adjustment using an external weight............................................................................................................................ 59
Testing adjustments using an internal weight............................................................................................................... 61
Testing adjustments using an external weight............................................................................................................... 61
Adjustment and test printouts (sample printouts).......................................................................................................... 62
6
The “Statistics” application............................................................................................................................. 64
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.3.6
6.3.7
6.3.8
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
Introduction to the “Statistics” application..................................................................................................................... 64
Selecting the application............................................................................................................................................. 64
Settings for the “Statistics” application......................................................................................................................... 64
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 64
Special function keys for use with the statistics............................................................................................................. 65
Special information fields for the statistics.................................................................................................................... 65
Specifications for automatic weight transfer................................................................................................................. 66
Special record information for the statistics.................................................................................................................. 66
Activating additive mode............................................................................................................................................. 68
Defining plausibility limits............................................................................................................................................ 68
Settings for the LV11 automatic feeder......................................................................................................................... 68
Working with the “Statistics” application....................................................................................................................... 69
Statistical acquisition of series weighing values............................................................................................................ 69
Weighing to a nominal value....................................................................................................................................... 71
Sample printout with statistical values.......................................................................................................................... 72
Formulas used for calculating statistical values............................................................................................................ 73
Contents
5
7
The “Formulation” application......................................................................................................................... 74
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.3.7
7.4
7.5
7.5.1
7.5.2
7.5.3
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.6.4
7.6.5
7.7
Introduction to the “Formulation” application................................................................................................................ 74
Selecting the application............................................................................................................................................. 74
Settings for the “Formulation” application..................................................................................................................... 74
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 74
Activating/deactivating automatic zeroing.................................................................................................................... 75
Special function keys for Formulation........................................................................................................................... 76
Special information fields for Formulation..................................................................................................................... 76
Special record information for Formulation................................................................................................................... 77
Special identifications for Formulation.......................................................................................................................... 79
Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for Formulation............................................................................................ 79
Defining components.................................................................................................................................................. 80
Defining and activating formulae................................................................................................................................. 81
Formulae with “Fixed Components” (absolute nominal weights).................................................................................... 81
Formulae with “% components” (relative nominal value).............................................................................................. 82
Printing the formula definitions.................................................................................................................................... 83
Working with the “Formulation” application.................................................................................................................. 84
Presettings.................................................................................................................................................................. 84
Free formulation (formulation without using the formula database)............................................................................... 85
Automatic formula processing with “Fix Components” (absolute nominal weights)......................................................... 86
Automatic formula processing with “% Components” (relative nominal values).............................................................. 88
Sample printout of a formulation................................................................................................................................. 89
Notes on changing existing components and formulae................................................................................................. 90
8
The “Piece Counting” application.................................................................................................................... 91
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.3.4
8.3.5
8.3.6
8.3.7
8.3.8
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.4.5
Introduction to the “Piece Counting” application........................................................................................................... 91
Selecting the application............................................................................................................................................. 91
Settings for the “Piece Counting” application................................................................................................................ 91
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................... 91
Specifying the fixed reference piece number................................................................................................................ 92
Special Function Keys for piece counting..................................................................................................................... 93
Special information fields for piece counting................................................................................................................ 93
Specifications for automatic weight transfer................................................................................................................. 94
Additional unit for piece counting................................................................................................................................ 94
Special printout information for piece counting............................................................................................................ 95
Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for piece counting........................................................................................ 96
Working with the “Piece Counting” application............................................................................................................. 97
Simple piece counting................................................................................................................................................ 97
Totaling piece counts and recording them statistically.................................................................................................. 98
Counting to a nominal value...................................................................................................................................... 100
Reference optimizing................................................................................................................................................ 101
Sample printout of a piece count with statistical values.............................................................................................. 102
9
The “Percent Weighing” application............................................................................................................... 103
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
Introduction to the “Percent Weighing” application . ................................................................................................... 103
Selecting the Application........................................................................................................................................... 103
Settings for the “Percent Weighing” application.......................................................................................................... 103
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................. 103
Special Function Keys for Percent Weighing................................................................................................................ 104
Special Information Fields for Percent Weighing......................................................................................................... 105
Contents
6
9.3.4
9.3.5
9.3.6
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
Additional Unit for Percent Weighing.......................................................................................................................... 105
Special Information for Percent Weighing................................................................................................................... 105
Special Settings of SmartSens and ErgoSens for Percent Weighing.............................................................................. 107
Working with the “Percent Weighing” Application ....................................................................................................... 107
Simple Percent Weighing........................................................................................................................................... 107
Percent Weighing to a Target Value............................................................................................................................ 108
Example of a percent weighing report........................................................................................................................ 109
10
The “Density” application............................................................................................................................. 110
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.3.3
10.3.4
10.3.5
10.3.6
10.3.7
10.3.8
10.3.9
10.4
10.4.1
10.4.2
10.4.3
10.4.4
10.4.5
10.4.6
10.5
10.6
10.6.1
10.6.2
10.7
10.8
Introduction to the “Density” application .................................................................................................................... 110
Selecting the Application........................................................................................................................................... 110
Settings for the “Density” application . ....................................................................................................................... 111
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................. 111
Selecting the method for density determination.......................................................................................................... 111
Selecting the auxiliary liquid...................................................................................................................................... 112
Activating and deactivating statistics.......................................................................................................................... 112
Settings for calculating and displaying the result........................................................................................................ 112
Special function keys for density determination.......................................................................................................... 113
Special information fields for density determination.................................................................................................... 114
Special report information for density determination................................................................................................... 114
Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for density determination........................................................................... 116
Working with the “Density” application....................................................................................................................... 117
Density determination of non-porous solid bodies...................................................................................................... 117
Density determination of liquids using a sinker........................................................................................................... 118
Density determination of pasty substances using a gamma sphere............................................................................. 119
Determining the density of liquids using a pycnometer............................................................................................... 120
Determining the density of porous solid bodies.......................................................................................................... 121
Example of a density determination report................................................................................................................. 122
Using the density statistics........................................................................................................................................ 123
Formulae used to calculate density............................................................................................................................ 125
Formulae for determining the density of solid bodies.................................................................................................. 125
Formulae for determining the density of liquids and pastes......................................................................................... 125
Density table for distilled water.................................................................................................................................. 126
Density table for ethanol........................................................................................................................................... 126
11
The “Dynamic Weighing” application (Model-dependent)............................................................................... 127
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.3.1
11.3.2
11.3.3
11.3.4
11.3.5
11.3.6
11.3.7
11.3.8
11.3.9
11.3.10
11.3.11
Introduction to the “Dynamic Weighing” application . ................................................................................................. 127
Selecting the application........................................................................................................................................... 127
Settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” application ....................................................................................................... 127
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................. 128
Special function keys for dynamic weighing............................................................................................................... 129
Adapting the application to the dynamic behavior of the weighing material................................................................. 129
Settings for the start of weighing................................................................................................................................ 130
Settings for the beep at the end of the measurement cycle......................................................................................... 131
Special information fields for dynamic weighing......................................................................................................... 131
Special report information for dynamic weighing........................................................................................................ 131
Automatic or manual reporting of individual values.................................................................................................... 133
Selecting the destination for the output data.............................................................................................................. 133
Formatting the output data........................................................................................................................................ 133
Activate or deactivate statistics.................................................................................................................................. 136
Contents
7
11.3.12
11.4
11.4.1
11.4.2
11.4.3
11.4.4
Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for dynamic weighing................................................................................. 136
Working with the “Dynamic Weighing” application...................................................................................................... 137
Dynamic weighing with automatic start...................................................................................................................... 137
Dynamic weighing with manual start......................................................................................................................... 138
Recording statistics of dynamic weighing................................................................................................................... 139
Example of a dynamic weighing report....................................................................................................................... 140
12
The “Differential Weighing” Application......................................................................................................... 141
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.3.1
12.3.2
12.3.3
12.3.4
12.3.5
12.3.6
12.4
12.4.1
12.4.2
12.4.3
12.4.4
12.5
12.5.1
12.5.2
12.5.3
12.5.4
12.5.5
12.5.6
12.6
Introduction to the “Differential Weighing” Application................................................................................................. 141
Selecting the Application........................................................................................................................................... 141
Settings for the “Differential Weighing” Application...................................................................................................... 142
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................. 142
Specific Function Keys for Differential Weighing.......................................................................................................... 143
Specific Information Fields for Differential Weighing.................................................................................................... 143
Specific Protocol Information for Differential Weighing................................................................................................ 144
Print Key Behavior..................................................................................................................................................... 146
Special settings for processing barcode data.............................................................................................................. 146
Defining, Editing, Deleting, and Selecting a Series....................................................................................................... 147
Defining a New Series............................................................................................................................................... 147
Editing an Existing Series........................................................................................................................................... 148
Deleting a Series....................................................................................................................................................... 148
Selecting a Series for Differential Weighing................................................................................................................ 148
Using the “Differential Weighing” Application.............................................................................................................. 149
The Different Methods of Differential Weighing........................................................................................................... 149
Default Settings........................................................................................................................................................ 150
Differential Weighing: Automatic Procedure................................................................................................................ 151
Differential Weighing: Manual Procedure.................................................................................................................... 154
Printing the Results of Differential Weighing............................................................................................................... 154
Additional Options..................................................................................................................................................... 155
Formulae Used for Calculating the Results of Differential Weighing.............................................................................. 156
13
The “LabX Client” application....................................................................................................................... 157
13.1
13.2
Introduction to the “LabX Client” application............................................................................................................... 157
Selecting the application........................................................................................................................................... 157
14
Firmware (software) updates........................................................................................................................ 158
14.1
14.2
Operating principle................................................................................................................................................... 158
Update procedure..................................................................................................................................................... 158
15
Error and status messages........................................................................................................................... 159
15.1
15.2
15.3
Error messages occurring during normal operation.................................................................................................... 159
Further error messages............................................................................................................................................. 159
Status messages....................................................................................................................................................... 160
16
Appendix.................................................................................................................................................... 161
16.1
16.2
16.3
Conversion table for weight units............................................................................................................................... 161
SOPs - Standard Operating Procedures...................................................................................................................... 162
Recommended printer settings.................................................................................................................................. 163
17
Index.......................................................................................................................................................... 164
Introduction to the Operating Instructions – Part 2
8
1
Introduction to the Operating Instructions – Part 2 for XP balances
“XP terminal, system and applications”
As soon as you have these Operating Instructions – Part 2 for Excellence Plus XP balances in your hand, you are ready to use your balance. Your balance has been assembled and leveled.
Attention: It is essential that you have read the Operating Instructions – Part 1 for the XP balances (separate
document). You must also have read the Safety Instructions in Part 1 and assembled and installed the balance
according to the operating instructions.
These Operating Instructions “Part 2” are valid to all Excellence Plus XP balances.
Note: Information on all setting options for ProFACT Automatic Adjustment can be found in the separate Operating
Instructions – Part 3 for Excellence Plus XP Balances.
1.1
Contents of the Operating Instructions – Part 2 for XP balances
– Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
• Touch-sensitive graphics terminal (“Touch Screen”) with color display
• Two programmable sensors for hands-off operation (“SmartSens”)
• Operating principles of the firmware
– System settings
– User-specific settings
– Built-in applications for normal weighing, statistics, formulation, piece counting, percent weighing, density, dynamic weighing, differential weighing and LabX Client
Note: The number of built-in applications depends on the model
– Firmware (software) updates can be downloaded from the Internet and loaded into the balance
– Error and status messages
– Appendix
• Conversion table for weight units
• SOPs - standard operating procedures
• Recommended printer settings
1.2
What you should know about these instructions
The following conventions apply to the operating instructions: Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3.
– Key designations are indicated by double angular parentheses (e.g. «On/Off» or «E»).
These symbols indicate safety notes and hazard warnings which, if ignored, can cause
personal danger to the user, damage to the balance or other equipment, or malfunctioning
of the balance.
This symbol indicates additional information and notes.These make working with your balance
easier, as well as ensuring that you use it correctly and economically.
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
9
2
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
This section explains the operating and display elements of your terminal and explains the operating principles of the firmware for your
balance. Please read this section through carefully. It is the basis for all operating steps, which are referred to in later sections.
2.1
Overview of the terminal
In this section we start by introducing the operating elements of the terminal.
Key assignment on the standard terminal
1
1
2
6
7
3
4
EXCELLENCE PLUS
5
9
11
4
8
9
10
EXCELLENCE Plus
Key assignment on the terminal for balances with automatic door drive (draft shield)
12
11
10
9
12
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
10
1 SmartSens
Each of these two contact-free sensors can be assigned a key or menu function (e.g. zeroing, printing or changing the display resolution, etc.). To initiate the appropriate function, move your hand over the relevant sensor
(maximum distance of approx. 5 cm). The sensor beeps to confirm that it has recognized the command and is
carrying it out. Both sensors are deactivated ex works.
A
2 «A» key
This key can be used to return to the “Home” user profile from any menu level in any application (additional
information on applications and user profiles can be found later in this section).
B
3 «B» key
This key can be used to call up the desired user profile. Different settings can be stored in a user profile. This
enables the optimum adaptation of the balance to the user or a particular weighing task.
4 Status bar
When the left or right SmartSens is assigned a key function, the corresponding icon (“F”, “G” or “H”)
lights up green in the left or right status bar. If the “F” icon lights up, one of the menu functions has been assigned
to the corresponding SmartSens.
The yellow LED at the very bottom of the status bar lights up briefly to confirm when a key has been pressed or
a menu function carried out. This visual acknowledgment is deactivated ex works.
C
5 «C» key
This key can be used to define the basic settings for each user profile. These settings apply to all applications
used by the current user.
D
6 «D» key
Your balance is supplied with standard applications ex works (e.g., for normal weighing, statistics, formulation,
piece counting, percent weighing, density determination, and dynamic weighing). This key can be used to select
the application you would like to work with.
E
7 «E» key
Each application can be ideally adapted to the current task using a number of settings. This key can be used to
call up the menus for configuring the active application.
F
8 «F» key
Pressing this key transmits data via the interface, e.g. to a printer. However, other devices - for example, a PC - can
also be connected. The data to be transmitted can be freely defined.
G
9 «G» key
Zeroing: A new zero point is set using the «G» key and all weight values (including the tare weight) are measured in relation to this zero point. After zeroing, the following values apply: tare weight = 0, net weight (= gross
weight) = 0. Always use the «G» zeroing keys before you start with a weighing, especially before recording
a tare weight (using the «H» key).
Note on balances with automatic door drive (draft shield): As soon as the zero-setting is complete, the glass
draft shield opens automatically, and the balance is ready for weighing.
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
11
10 «H» key
Taring: If you are working with a weighing container, first set the balance to zero. Place the
container on the balance and press the «H» key to tare the balance.The weight of the
container is set as the new tare weight and the current tare (if available) is overwritten.
The “Net” display indicates that all weight values displayed are net values. Note: If you
try to tare a negative weight value, an error message appears as this is not permitted. Set
the balance to zero and try again.
H
Note: Place the weighing sample on the pan. As soon as the stability detector icon (the
small ring to the left of the weight display) fades, the display is stable and the weighing
result can be read. In the illustration opposite, the stability detector icon is still visible and
the weighing result is therefore not yet stable.
11 «On/Off» key
Switching on the balance: Press the «On/Off» key briefly. The balance carries out a test
and is then ready to weigh.
On
Off
Switching off the balance: Press and hold the «On/Off» key until the message “OFF”
appears in the display. The display then fades and the balance is switched off.
12 «K» key (Model-dependent)
Use this button to open and close the doors of the glass draft shield. For ease of operation,
these buttons are located on both sides of the terminal.
K
2.2
The display
Your terminal's illuminated, colorful display is a “Touch Screen”, that is to say, a touch-sensitive screen. Not only can you read data, but
you can also make settings and execute functions by touching the surface of the screen.
Note: Depending on country-specific rules, on certified versions of balances the uncertified decimal places are displayed
dimmed.
2
1
5
3
4
5b
5a
The display is divided into different zones (the figure shows the display with information
fields and “SmartTrac”):
1 The current active application is indicated in the top left of the display. By touching
this zone you can call up the menu in which you can select the desired application
(this menu can also be accessed using the «D» key).
2 Display of the current date. The date can be changed by touching this zone.
3 Display of the current time. The time can be changed by touching this zone.
4 Status icons: These symbols appear as needed and indicate any special needs of
the balance (e.g., needs servicing, needs adjustment, change batteries, etc.). You can
obtain a list of all status icons and their meanings in section 15.3 or by pressing the
actual status icons.
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
12
5 The current weighing result appears in this zone. If the weighing unit is touched (5a),
a window appears, in which the desired weighing unit can be selected.
If the weighing result (5b) is touched, then a new screen will appear displaying the
result in a larger format. This can be useful if the weighing result has to be read from
a distance. This window can be closed again by pressing the “OK” button.
5a
6
5b
7
8
6 Additional information (information fields) for the active application,which makes your
work easier, are displayed in this area (section 5.2.4). By touching this zone, you can
indicate which information fields (and function keys, see below) should be displayed
without having to go through the menu, and you can also start the Leveling Assistant
(see Operating Instructions – Part 1, section 3.2).
7 The “SmartTrac,” a graphic weighing-in aid, which shows the used and remaining
available weighing capacity at a glance, is displayed in this zone. Different display
types for the “SmartTrac” can be selected or switched off completely by touching this
area.
8 This area is reserved for the function keys, which provide direct access to the most
frequently required functions and settings for the active application. If more than
5 function keys are activated, you can switch between them using the arrow keys (not
shown in the figure).
Screen saver
If the balance is not used for 15 minutes, the backlighting of the display is automatically switched off and the pixels are inverted at
intervals of approximately 15 seconds. As soon as you start to work with the balance again (load a weight, press a key, etc.), the display
returns to its normal state.
2.3
Performing a simple weighing
Just a few keys located in the lower part of the terminal are needed to perform a simple weighing. Your balance has separate keys for
zeroing («G») and taring («H»).
G
H
Zeroing: A new zero point is set using the «G» key and all weight values (including
the tare weight) are measured in relation to this zero point. After zeroing, the following
values apply: tare weight = 0, net weight (= gross weight) = 0. Always use the «G»
zeroing keys before you start with a weighing, especially before recording a tare weight
(using the «H» key).
Taring: If you are working with a weighing container, first set the balance to zero. Place the
container on the balance and press the «H» key to tare the balance.The weight of the
container is set as the new tare weight and the current tare (if available) is overwritten.
The “Net” display indicates that all weight values displayed are net values. Note: If you
try to tare a negative weight value, an error message appears as this is not permitted. Set
the balance to zero and try again.
Weighing: Place the weighing sample on the pan. As soon as the stability detector icon
(the small ring to the left of the weight display) fades, the display is stable and the weighing result can be read. In the illustration opposite, the stability detector icon is still visible
and the weighing result is therefore not yet stable.
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
13
2.4
The firmware for your balance
The firmware controls all functions of your balance. In addition, it enables the balance to be adapted to your specific working environment. Please note the following explanations. They provide the basis for operating your balance.
The firmware consists of the following components:
– User profiles
– User-specific settings
– Applications
– Application-specific settings
– System settings
User profiles
User profiles can be used to adapt the balance and its applications to personal work techniques or to particular
weighing tasks. A user profile is a collection of settings, which you can define yourself and which are available
at the touch of a button. When the balance is switched on, the last active user profile is loaded automatically.
A
The “Home” profile is a starting point, to which you can return at any time by pressing the «A» key. It contains
factory-set standard settings, with which every user can work. These presettings can of course be changed.
However, we recommend that you do not change the default settings of the “home” profile, but rather make
modifications to the 7 other user profiles.
B
In addition to the “Home” profile, a total of 7 other user profiles are available, whose settings can be changed
to suit your requirements. The «B» key can be used to call up the desired user profile. All settings that are made
while a particular user profile is active are stored under this profile. These include application-specific settings
and user-specific settings but not system settings (see below).
Access authorizations for the user profiles can be defined using the security system of your balance (see section
2.6) to protect them against unauthorized changes.
User-specific settings
C
These settings, which are available under the «C» key, can be used to adapt the balance to the tasks and work
techniques of the current user. The settings can be defined separately for each of the 7 user profiles and “home”
profile. When a user profile is called up, the relevant user-specific settings are loaded automatically.
Applications
D
Applications are firmware modules for carrying out specific weighing tasks.The balance is supplied with different
applications ex works (e.g. for normal weighing, statistics, formulation, piece counting, percent weighing, density
determination, and dynamic weighing). After it has been switched on, the balance loads the last active user
profile and the application with which the user has last worked. The applications are available under the «D»
key. Notes on working with standard applications can be found in section 5ff.
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
14
Application-specific settings
E
These settings can be used to adapt applications to the requirements of the current user. The available setting
options vary depending on the application selected. Pressing the «E» key opens the multi-page menu, which
has the settings for the currently active application. Information on the individual setting options can be found
in the section on the relevant application. The settings can be defined separately for each of the 7 user profiles
and the “home” profile. When a user profile is called up, the relevant application-specific settings are loaded
automatically.
System settings
C
D
The system settings (e.g. settings for peripheral devices) are independent of the user profiles and applications
and apply to the entire weighing system. To call up the system settings, press the «C» or «D» key and then the
“System” button. Notes on the individual setting options can be found in section 3.
or
The figure on the following page clearly illustrates the connections between the individual firmware components
and gives an initial overview of the typical operating sequence.
Note: You can exit a menu at any time by once again pressing the button («B», «C», «D» or «E»), that you used
to call up that menu
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
15
Operating step
Example
1. Select user profile
B
2. Select application
D
Example
Model-dependent
3. Work
4. If necessary:
Change settings for the selected
application (application-specific
settings)
E
Confirm settings using
“OK”. The settings are
stored under the activeuser profile and the
balance returns to the
application.
5. If necessary:
Adapt the balance to the specific
task and the user’s work technique (user-specific settings)
C
Confirm settings using
“OK”. The settings are
stored under the activeuser profile.
Press “Exit” in the main
menu to return to the active
application.
Model-dependent
6. If necessary:
Change global balance settings
(system settings)
C
D
or
Confirm settings using
“OK”. The settings are
stored. Press “Exit” in the
main menu to return to the
active application.
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
16
2.5
Typical operating sequence
The typical operating sequence is briefly described below, without going into detail on application-specific features. Note: User profiles
and settings can be protected against unauthorized access by the security system of the balance (see section 2.6) so that they can
only be accessed with a password. The following description assumes that password protection has not been defined for any area of
the menu system and that all settings are freely accessible.
On
Off
Switching on the balance: Switch on the balance by pressing the
«On/Off» key briefly. When switched on, the balance loads the user
profile that was last used and the application that was active when
the balance was switched off. The application and the user profile
are indicated in the upper left hand corner of the display.
Note: Depending on the user profile last used and the selected
settings, the display of your balance may differ from the example
shown.
B
Selecting the user profile: If you do not wish to work with the
current profile, call up the profile menu using the «B» key and
select the desired user profile by touching the relevant icon (e.g.
“User 4”). This activates the user and application-specific settings
that are stored under the selected profile.
Note: In the illustration opposite, the user profiles still have the
names that were preprogrammed in the factory but these can be
changed (section 4.4).
D
E
Selecting the application: If you do not wish to work with the
current application, select the application menu using the «D»
key (alternatively you can touch the relevant zone in the top left
of the display). Touch the icon for the desired application and the
firmware loads the selected application.
Changing application-specific settings: To change the settings
for the active application, press the «E» key. The settings that you
define here will be stored under the active user profile, so please
ensure that the desired user profile is active before you define the
settings. Information on application-specific settings can be found
in the description of the relevant application (section 5ff).
Basic principles for using the terminal and the firmware (software)
17
C
Changing user-specific settings: In this menu, which can be
called up using the «C» key, the balance can be adapted to your
work technique and to specific tasks (section 4). The settings that
you define here will be stored under the active user profile and
apply when working with all applications within this profile. Please
ensure that the desired user profile is active before you define the
settings.
C
D
Changing system settings: To change the system settings, which
apply to the entire weighing system i.e. for all user profiles and applications, press the «C» or «D» key and then the “System” button.
The system settings are described in detail in section 3.
or
Working: Carry out the desired operations. ­Information on working with the individual applications can be found in section 5
onwards.
Switching off the balance: On completion of the work, switch off
the balance by pressing and holding the «On/Off» key.
On
Off
2.6
The security system of your balance
Your balance has a comprehensive security system, which can be used to define individual access rights at administrator and user
level. It is possible to define which settings can be changed for each individual user profile. Access to protected menu areas requires the
entry of an identification (ID) and a password. When the balance is delivered ex works, only the “Administrator” settings (in the system
settings) are protected. Additional information on setting up the security system can be found in sections 3.8 and 4.4.
If you try to call up a menu area that is protected with an ID and password, an alphanumeric keyboard first appears in the display for entering the ID. Type in your ID (to switch
between lowercase and uppercase letters, use the “a...z” and “A...Z” buttons; to enter
numbers, press the “0...9” button). Incorrect entries can be deleted character by character
using the backspace key.
Note: The dialog box can be closed at any time by pressing “C”.
As soon as the ID has been entered fully, press “OK”. A second dialog box appears for
entering the password.Type in your password (for security reasons this is displayed using
asterisks rather than in plain text) and confirm with“OK”. If the ID and the password are correct, the selected menu area will be called up or the desired action will be executed. If not,
an error message will appear, along with instructions to reenter your ID and password.
CAUTION: Note your IDs and passwords carefully. If you forget an ID or a password,
it is not possible to regain access to a protected menu area. We recommend that
you note down your IDs and passwords and keep them in a safe place.
System settings
18
3
System settings
This section describes how the weighing system can be adapted to your requirements.The system settings apply to the entire weighing
system and therefore to all user profiles and applications. Note: User-specific settings are described in section 4. Application-specific
settings are explained in the description of the relevant application (section 5 onwards).
3.1
Calling up the system settings
D
3.2
C
Select the application menu using the «D» key or the menu for the user settings using
the «C» key, and then press the “System” button.
Overview of the system settings
The system settings are represented by icons. The individual settings can be called up and changed by touching the icons. Detailed
notes on the setting options can be found in later sections.
The following system settings are available:
“Adjust/Test”:
Settings for adjustment and test functions for testing the adjustment (section 3.3).
“Balance Info”:
Display/printout of balance information (section 3.4).
“Standby”:
Settings for the “Standby” mode (section 3.5).
“Date/Time”:
Entry of date and time and selection of display format (section
3.6).
“Peripherals”:
Configuring the interface for various peripheral devices (section
3.7).
“Administrator”:
Configuring the security system of the balance, including allocating access rights and passwords for balance functions
and menus (section 3.8).
Note: Access to the “Administrator” settings is protected ex
works with an ID and a password.
“Levelcontrol”:
Model-dependent
Settings for the integrated level sensor (section 3.9).
Once you have defined all the settings required, press the “Exit” button to return to the
active application. Later sections introduce the different system settings in detail.
Note: If special interface options (e.g. Ethernet) have been installed, the systems settings menu additionally displays the symbol shown at left with global settings for these
interfaces. These settings are described in the instructions that were supplied with the
optional interface.
System settings
19
3.3
Settings for adjustment and tests
These menus can be used to define all settings relating to the adjustment and testing of your balance.
Information relating to all possible settings, Extended Options for adjustment and testing procedures and their recording can be found in separate Operating Instructions – Part 3 for Excellence XP Balances.
Notes on making adjustments and tests can be found in section 5.4.
3.4
Balance Information
This menu can be used to define an identification for your balance and to call up balance information. Note: The Balance Info function
key can be used as a shortcut key for the “Show” button (see section 5.2.2).
The following options are available:
“Balance ID”
This setting can be used to assign a designation to your balance (max. 20 characters).
This makes it easier to identify individual balances in operations that use several balances.
This designation is also printed in the records. Alphanumeric characters can be entered
in the input window.
Factory setting: No entry specified
System settings
20
“Balance Info”
When the “Show” button is pressed, a window appears with information on the balance
and the built-in options.This information is of particular importance for the service technician. If you call the METTLER TOLEDO customer service department, you should have this
information at hand.
Balance information can be printed by pressing the «F» key (provided that a printer is
connected and activated as the output device in the peripheral settings).
3.5
Standby (energy-saving function)
This menu can be used to define the length of time that the balance must be inactive before it automatically enters “Standby” mode.
You can switch off standby mode (“Off”) or define a time of 30, 60, 120 or 240 minutes,
after which the balance should enter “Standby” mode.“Standby” mode is the same state
that the balance enters if it is switched off using the «On/Off» key. Press the «On/Off» key
to switch the balance on again.
Factory setting:
“Off” (“Standby” mode deactivated)
Attention: In order for the balance to switch to “Standby” mode, no item should be on
the balance.
Note: Regardless of the “Standby” mode setting, the brightness of the display is automatically reduced if the balance has not been used for 15 minutes. If the display value on the
display changes during these 15 minutes (e.g. as a result of vibrations), the balance will
wait another 15 minutes until the brightness of the display is reduced.
System settings
21
3.6
Date and time
This menu can be used to enter the date and time and select their display formats.
The following setting options are available:
“Date Format”
The following date formats are available (Display example):
“D.MMM YYYY” 30. Mar 2010
“YYYY-MM-DD” 2010-03-30
“MMM D YYYY” Mar 30 2010
“YYYY/MM/DD” 2010/03/30
“DD.MM.YYYY” 30.03.2010
“MM/TT/YYYY” 03/30/2010
Factory setting:
“D.MMM.YYYY”
“Date”
For setting the current date. A numeric input window appears. Enter the current date in
the format day - month - year (DD.MM.YYYY), regardless of which date format you
have chosen for the display.
Note: This setting can also be made directly by touching the date in weighing mode. A
window appears in which you can directly enter the date.
“Time Format”
This setting can be used to define the format in which the time should be displayed. The
following time formats are available:
“24:MM”
“12:MM”
“24.MM”
“12.MM”
Factory setting:
Display example:
Display example:
Display example:
Display example:
“24:MM”
15:04
3:04 PM
15.04
3.04 PM
System settings
22
“Time”
For setting the current time. Enter the current time in the 24-hour format (24.MM.SS,
the entry of seconds is optional), regardless of which time format you have chosen for the
display.The input window is the same as for the date. In addition, the “+1H” and “-1H” keys
are available for setting the current time forward or backward by one hour. This enables
you to quickly switch between summer and winter time. Note: The time can also be set
directly by touching the time display in weighing mode.
3.7
Selecting peripheral devices
Various peripheral devices can be connected to the interface(s) of your balance.This menu can be used to define which devices should
be connected and which parameters the interface should work with.
The following settings are available:
“Printer”:
Printer
“Host”:
External computer (bidirectional communication; the balance
can send data to the PC and receive commands or data from
the PC).
“LabX”:
METTLER TOLEDO LabX 2010 (and higher) Software enables
the definition of complete dialog-controlled work processes for
the balance, and can be used to store and manage measured
values and additional data in a database on the PC.
“LabX Controlled Device”:This interface will only be used with LabX 2010 and higher.
The connected devices (e.g. Automatic Feeder LV11) communicate directly with LabX.
“Tablet Feeder”:
LV11 automatic feeder from METTLER TOLEDO
“Secondary Display”:
Secondary display
“Bar Code”:
Bar code reader
“Ext. Keyboard”:
PC keyboard
“LC I/O”:
Programmable relay interface from METTLER TOLEDO
Specific setting options are available for the interfaces of each of these devices: “Off”
means that no device of this type should be connected. “RS232 built-in” indicates the
RS232C interface, which is built in ex works. If other optional interfaces are present, they
are displayed (such as the second serial interface “RS232 Option” in the example opposite). At this point, however, only the parameters of the RS232C interface, which is built in
ex works, are explained. Important: Only one device can be activated for each available
interface. All other devices must be deactivated (“Off”). If you activate a new device, the
previously selected device is automatically deactivated.
System settings
23
Note: Detailed information on optional interfaces and various peripheral devices can be
found in the documentation supplied with these products.
If you have activated a device, you can use the “Define” button to set the interface
parameters for communication with this device, i.e. baud rate, data format, stop bits,
handshake, end of line character, character set and “Continuous mode” (only for the
“Host” peripheral device).
Factory setting:
“Host”
(9600 baud, 8 data bits/no parity, 1 stop bit, Xon/Xoff record,
end of line character <CR><LF>, ANSI/Windows character set,
“Continuous mode” = off).
Note: Please see recommended printer settings found in section 16.3,
as well as the printer-specific user's manual.
Notes on “Continuous mode”
In “Continuous mode”, the weighing data is continuously transmitted via the interface.“Continuous mode” is available only for the “Host”
peripheral device and the RS232C interface (“RS232 built-in”), which is built in ex works. If “Continuous mode” is activated, additional
setting options are available:
“Output format”
– With the “MT-SICS” setting (factory setting), the data is transmitted in MT-SICS format (Mettler Toledo Standard Interface Command
Set). MT-SICS works bidirectionally, i.e. the balance can also receive acknowledgments or commands from the host. A separate
handbook for MT-SICS is available.
– The “PM” setting emulates the data format of PM balances (unidirectional).
– With the “AT/MT” setting, the data is transmitted in the format used by METTLER TOLEDO AT and MT balances (unidirectional).
“Updates/sec.”
This setting determines how many data records are transmitted via the interface per second (2, 5, 6 or 10, factory setting: 5).
Notes on the interaction between individual peripheral devices and different applications:
Each balance application supports particular peripheral devices. The control of peripheral devices can vary from application to application.
Example: The programmable LC-I/O relay interface from METTLER TOLEDO is supported by both the “Statistics” application and the “Piece
counting” application but is controlled differently by each application. More information on the interaction between balance applications
and different external devices can be found in the “Solution Guide”, which is available on the Internet (www.mt.com).
System settings
24
3.8
Configuring the security system
This menu can be used to change the administrator ID and password, reset all balance settings, allocate access rights for individual
users and define specifications for recording security-related operations.
Important:This menu is protected ex works with an ID and a password. When the menu is called up, the following two dialog boxes
appear for entering the administrator ID and administrator password:
The character “Z” is set for the administrator ID and administrator password ex works.
Type this character in each of the dialog boxes and confirm using “OK”. If the ID and/or
password are incorrect, you will be asked to enter them again. If the entries are correct,
the following menu appears:
Detailed information on the options available for the security system of your balance can
be found in later sections.
Attention!
– The ID and password must always be entered in the same language in which they
were defined. If you change the dialog language (section 4.4), you may no longer be
able to enter the access codes.
– If the balance is controlled by the commands of an external host, the password protection will not function.
System settings
25
3.8.1
Changing the administrator ID and password
The “Administrator ID” and “Administrator Password” menus can be used to change the factory-set access codes (“Z” for ID and password). Note: Both an ID and a password must be defined (max. 20 characters). If you delete the existing entry and do not enter a new
one, an error message appears.
CAUTION: Note the administrator ID and password carefully. If you forget one of the codes, it is not possible to regain access
to the menu areas that are protected with these access codes. We recommend that you note down your ID and password and
keep them in a safe place.
3.8.2
Performing a global balance reset
In the “Master Reset” menu all the balance settings can be reset to the factory default
settings. When the “Execute” button is pressed, the prompt opposite appears. If you do
not want to reset, press “C”.
WARNING: If you confirm the reset using“OK”, the balance restarts
and all user and application-specific settings are reset to the factory
default settings. As a result, all individual settings are lost. With
the exception of the recorded adjustment operations (section 3.7
of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances –
Part 3) and the date and time, all system settings are also reset,
including the administrator ID and administrator password.
3.8.3
Defining user access rights
Access rights for all 8 user profiles can be defined in the “Rights Home” and “Rights User
1” ... “Rights User 7” menus. You can also specify the selection of applications for each
user profile. Note: The designations in the user profile (“User 1”, etc.) are set at the factory.
You can change the designations in the user-specific settings (section 4.4).
When the“Define”button is pressed,you can define whether the selected user profile should
be protected with ID and password and which menu areas, if any, should be protected:
“Appl. Setup”:
All application-specific settings («E» key), (section 5ff).
“Wghparam”:
All weighing parameters,which are available in the user-specific
settings («C» key) (section 4.3).
“Adjustweight”:
Definition of the external adjustment weights in the system
settings “Adjust/Test” menu (section 3.1 of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3).
“User”:
User profile selection («B» key), (section 2.4).
“User ID/Password”:
Definition of the ID and password in the user-specific settings
“User” menu (section 4.4).
“System”:
All system settings (section 3).
“User Settings”:
All user-specific settings («C» key), (section 4).
“Application”:
Application selection using the «D» key (section 2).
System settings
26
Each of the menu areas can be protected individually:
“No Protection”:
The menu area is freely accessible.
“User Protect.”:
A user ID and a user password must be entered to call up
the relevant menu area. Information on user access codes
can be found in section 4.4. Note: All menu areas that are
protected with a user ID and password can be opened using
the administrator access codes.
“Adm Protect”:
An administrator ID and an administrator password must be
entered to call up the relevant menu area. Information on
administrator access codes can be found in section 3.8.1.
Factory setting:
“No Protection” for all menu areas
“Application Selection”
On the third page of the access rights menu you can specify which applications should
be available for the selected user profile.
Only activated applications are displayed and can be selected in the application selection menu («D» key).
Note: The application that is currently active for the selected user profile will appear lightcolored in the display. This application cannot be deactivated.
Factory setting: All applications are activated.
Note: Dynamic only for precision balances
3.8.4
Recording security-related operations
The balance can document modifications to protected settings. A list of these operations
can be viewed in the “Record” menu and recording can be switched on or off.
Note: If the memory is full (after approximately 50 recorded modifications), the oldest
operation will be deleted automatically.Therefore, you should print out and archive the list
from time to time if your laboratory standards or your QA system require full traceability
of all modifications made.
System settings
27
The following options are available:
“Recording”
When the “Show” button is pressed, a window appears with a list of the adjustments made
to protected settings. Specific data is displayed for each modification (date and time, user,
modification made). The list can be printed out by pressing the «F» key provided that a
printer is connected and activated as the output device in the peripheral settings.
“Recording Mode”
This menu can be used to switch recording on or off.
Factory setting: 3.8.5
Recording deactivated (“Off”).
Reminder function for changing the password
For security reasons, passwords should be changed regularly. In the “Passw. Change
Date” menu you can define whether and when you want the balance to remind you to
change passwords.
To activate the reminder function, select “Request” and then press the relevant button. A
numeric input window appears. Enter the date (in the format DD.MM.YYYY) on which the
balance should remind you to change your password.
Factory setting: Reminder function deactivated (“Off”)
When the selected date is reached, the message opposite appears. It is then the responsibility of the administrator to ensure that all passwords are changed.The balance does not
check that they have been changed. If you delete the message using “OK”, it reappears
every 3 hours until you set a new date or switch off the reminder function.
3.8.6
Specifying the number of users
In the “Number of users” menu you can specify which user profiles should be available
by pressing the «B» key.
Note: The user profile currently loaded (“User 1” in this example) appears light-colored
and cannot be deactivated. The user profile “Home” does not appear in this selection,
since this profile cannot be deactivated.
Factory setting: All user profiles activated.
System settings
28
3.9
Settings for the level sensor (Model-dependent)
The built-in level sensor constantly monitors the correct horizontal alignment of your balance. In this menu you can activate or deactivate
the level sensor, and define settings for the output of warnings when incorrect leveling has been detected. You can find information on
the leveling procedure in the Operating Instructions – Part 1. Note: On some models, the level sensor cannot be switched off.
If the level sensor is activated, you can specify whether and how often a warning text
and/or warning beep should occur when the balance is not precisely level by pressing
the “Define” button.
The following settings are available for the “Warning Text” and “Warning Beep”:
“Off”:
When the level is incorrect, only the status icon appears in the
upper right-hand corner of the display.There is no warning text
or beep.
“Once”:
After the level sensor detects that the level is incorrect, the
warning text and warning beep occur only one time.
“Repeat”:
As long as the balance remains incorrectly leveled,the warning
text and warning beep are repeated every 15 minutes.
Factory setting: Level sensor on/off: Model-dependent.
“Warning Text”:“Once”
“Warning Beep”:“Once”
Note
– The Leveling Assistant (see Operating Instructions – Part 1) makes it easier for you to
level the balance.You can call up the Assistant directly from the “Warning Text” window,
(Micro balances from the information field) which is displayed when the leveling is
incorrect. If you deactivate the “Warning text” you have to start the Leveling Assistant
by touching the information field zone in the display (see Operating Instructions – Part
1, section 3.2).
– The level sensor is connected to the backlighting of the level indicator. When the level
sensor is switched on, the level indicator is lit up. When the sensor is deactivated, the
illumination of the level indicator is also switched off.
System settings
29
3.10 Printing the system settings
System
Adjust/Test
ProFACT
On
ProFACT
ProFACT
Weekdays
Monday
x
Tuesday
x
Wednesday
x
Thursday
x
Friday
x
Saturday
x
Sunday
x
Time 1
9:00
ProFACT
Time
Time 2
Off
ProFACT
Time
Time 3
Off
ProFACT
Time
Temp.Criterion 1 Kelvin
Protocol Trigger
On
Autom. ext. Adjust. Off
Autom. ext. Adjust.
Autom. ext. Adjust.
Weekdays
Monday
x
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Autom. ext. Test
Off
Autom. ext. Test
Weekdays
Monday
x
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Time
9:00
Time
When you are in the menu for the system settings, you can print them at any time by
pressing the «F» key (provided that a printer is connected and activated as the output
device in the peripheral settings).
The illustration opposite shows an excerpt from a printout of the system settings.
Note: The scope of the printout depends on where in the system settings you initiated the
printout. If the «F» key is pressed at the highest level of the system settings, all system
settings will be printed. However, if printing is started in the “Peripherals” menu, which is
the lowest level, only the settings for the peripheral devices will be printed.
Test History
Adj. History
Adj. History Selection
Selection
Manual adjust.
x
Temperature
x
Time Adjust.
x
Display Datasets Last 50
Protocol
Date/Time
x
User
x
Balance Type
x
SNR
x
SW-Version
Balance ID
Weight ID
Certificate No.
-
Note:The following submenus in Adjust/Test Menu must be printed out separately:
- Adj/Test weight
- Test Sequences
- Tasks
User settings
30
4
User settings
This section describes how to set basic settings for each user. This enables the balance to be adapted to the user’s work technique and
to specific tasks. The settings are stored under the active user profile and apply when working with all applications within this profile.
When a user profile is called up, the relevant settings are loaded automatically.
4.1
Calling up user-specific settings
C
4.2
First, ensure that the correct user profile is active, i.e. the one whose basic settings you
would like to modify. The 8 user profiles are available under the «B» key.
Use the «C» key to select the menu for the user-specific settings. Note: If access to the
menu has been protected by the administrator, you must enter the appropriate ID and
password.
Overview of the user-specific settings
The user-specific settings are represented by icons.The individual settings can be called up and changed by touching the icons. Detailed
notes on the setting options can be found in later sections.
The following user-specific settings are available:
“Wgh param”:
Settings for adapting the balance to particular weighing conditions (section 4.3).
“User”:
User information (name, password, etc.), (section 4.4).
“Door”:
Model-dependent
Settings for the motor driven glass draft shield (section 4.5).
“Terminal”:
Settings for the display (brightness, etc.) and the behavior of
the terminal (section 4.6).
“User Reset”:
Resets the user-specific settings to the factory default settings
(section 4.7).
Once you have defined all the settings required, press the “Exit” button to return to the
active application. The next sections introduce the user-specific settings in detail.
4.3
Defining weighing parameters
This menu can be used to adapt the balance to your specific requirements. Note: If access to this menu has been protected by the
administrator, you must enter the appropriate ID and password.
User settings
31
The following options are available:
“Weighing Mode”
The weighing mode setting is used to adapt the balance to the weighing mode. Select
the “Universal” mode for all normal weighing operations or “Dosing” for dosing liquid
or powdery weighing samples. With this setting, the balance reacts very quickly to the
smallest changes in weight. The “Sensor Mode” setting supplies a weighing signal which
is filtered to an extent which depends on the setting for the environmental conditions.The
filter behaves linearly in relation to time (not adaptively) and is suitable for the continuous
processing of measurement values. Under the “Checkweighing” setting the balance only
responds to large changes in weight, and the measurement is therefore very stable. Note:
The number of available settings depends on the model.
Factory setting:
“Universal”
“Environment”
This setting is used to ideally adapt the balance to the ambient conditions at the location.
If you are working in an environment which is practically free from drafts and vibrations,
choose the “Stable” setting. If, on the other hand, you work in an environment where the
conditions are continuously changing, select “Unstable” or “Very unstable”.The “Standard”
setting corresponds to an average working environment subject to moderate variations in
the ambient conditions. Note: The number of available settings depends on the model.
Factory setting:
“Standard”
“Measured Value Release”
This setting can be used to define the speed at which the balance regards the measured
value as stable and releases it. The “Very Fast” setting is recommended if you require fast
results and repeatability is not very important. The “Very Reliable” setting provides very
good repeatability of the measured results but prolongs the settling time. In between,
there are 3 other measured value release settings to choose from.
Factory setting:
“Reliable + Fast”
“AutoZero”
Note: This menu point is not available on certified (e = d) balances.
The automatic zero point correction function (“AutoZero”) continuously corrects any
deviations from the zero point, which can be caused by slight contamination on the
weighing pan, for example.
This menu can be used to switch the automatic zero point correction function on or off.
Factory setting:
“On” (switched on)
User settings
32
4.4
Entering user data
This menu can be used to define user names, select the dialog language and define user access codes.
The following options are available:
“User Name”
The name of the current user profile can be changed here (max. 20 characters). Alphanumeric characters can be entered in the input window. Note: If the name you enter is
already being used, an error message appears.
After modification, the user profile appears under the new name in the top left of the display
and in the profile menu («B» key). The user name is also printed in the records.
Factory setting: “User x” (x = 1 .. 7) and “Home”
“Language”
This menu can be used to select the dialog language, in which you want to communicate
with the balance.The language is switched immediately. All menus and messages appear
in the selected language, with the exception of the interface parameters in the system
settings (these are always in English).
Attention! If the dialog language is changed, you may no longer be able to enter the
access codes for the administrator and user (password and ID). This is why the ID and
password must always be entered in the same language in which they were defined.
Factory setting: Generally, the language of the destination country is preset.
“User ID” and “Password”
The current user access codes (ID and password, max. 20 characters each) can be
changed in these two menus, which have identical dialog boxes.These codes are required
for accessing menu areas that have been protected at user level by the administrator
(section 3.8.3). If you delete the existing ID or password and do not enter a new code,
an error message appears. Note: If access to both of these menus has been protected
by the administrator, you must enter the current ID and password before you can change
the codes.
Factory setting: For ID and password:
“0” (Null) for the “Home” profile
“1” for the “User 1” profile ...“7” for the “User 7” profile
User settings
33
4.5
Settings for the doors of the glass draft shield (Model-dependent)
In this menu you can adjust the function of the doors of the glass draft shield to your requirements
The following options are available:
“Door Function”
The automatic door function automatically opens and closes the doors of the glass draft
shield as soon as this is necessary.
Examples:
– When you press the «H» key, the doors open automatically to allow you to place
the tare weight on the pan.
– When you are prompted to place the adjustment weight on the pan while you are
adjusting the balance, the doors automatically open. As soon as you have placed the
weight on the pan, the doors automatically close again.
– The doors of the glass draft shield will close automatically whenever this is required
to reach a stable weight value.
– The doors open and close automatically during many work processes (e.g. piece
counting), depending on the current requirements of the application.
Manual door function: You will have to open and close the draft shield (doors) yourself
(using the «K», key, via SmartSens (section 5.2.17) or by hand).
Factory setting:
“Manual”
“Doorway”
This setting allows you to define how wide the doors of the glass draft shield open (automatically or manually). If you select the 100 % setting, the doors will open all the way.
If you select “25 %”, however, the doors will open only a quarter of the way. Two other
intermediate settings can be selected.
If your application allows it, you can reduce the opening of the doors. This shortens the
opening and closing times, making environmental influences (drafts) less bothersome.
Factory setting:
“100 %”
Depending on the model, there may be further or different settings for the door systems.
– Inner draft shield
– Outer draft shield
The procedure corresponds accordingly the door opening.
User settings
34
“Left Doorkey K / Right Doorkey K” (only microbalances with revolving door)
4.6
Door right:
Draft shield turns to the right and weighing chamber is accessible from the left.
Door left:
Draft shield turns to the left and weighing chamber is accessible from the right.
Factory setting:
Left Doorkey = “Door right”
Right Doorkey = “Door left”
Terminal settings
This menu can be used to adapt the terminal to your requirements and adjust the display.
The following parameters are available:
“Brightness”
This menu can be used to set the brightness of the display. If necessary, alter the brightness between 20 % and 100 % (in steps of 20 %) using the arrow keys. Each time one
of the two arrow keys is pressed, the brightness is altered immediately so that you can
see the change right away.
Factory setting:
80 %
Note: If the balance has not been used for 15 minutes, the brightness of the display is
reduced automatically. This prolongs the service life of the backlighting. As soon as a key
is pressed or the weight changes, the brightness is reset to the value selected here.
“Contrast” (not available with TFT Terminal)
Setting for the display contrast (range from 0 % - 100 % contrast). Set in the same way
as the brightness but in 2 % steps.
Factory setting:
50 %
User settings
35
“Color Selection”
This menu can be used to adapt the color of the display to your personal taste. However,
colors can also be used as a guide: if you use different colors for different user profiles,
you can see at a glance which profile is currently active. In total, there are 8 color palettes
to choose from.
Factory setting:
Color palette 1 (blue with soft contrast)
Note: The color palettes in the left column offer a visually attractive appearance with soft
contrast, while the palettes in the right column offer a more contrast display for better
readability under poor light conditions.
“Sound”
Setting for the volume of the beep (range 0 % - 100 % in steps of 10 %). Setting at 0 %
switches the sound off.
Factory setting:
70 %
“Touch Function”
If you switch off the touch function for the “Touch Screen”, the display no longer responds
to touch in weighing mode and you can therefore no longer make settings by simply
touching the display (except for function keys). Important: The touch function is always
active in setting mode, as otherwise you would not be able to make settings.
Factory setting:
“On”
“Touch Adjustment”
If you feel that the balance is no longer reacting correctly when you touch a specific part
of the display, you can adjust the “Touch Screen”. When the “Activate” key is pressed, a
window appears and you are asked to touch the flashing area. This operation is repeated
several times (it can be aborted at any time using the “C” key).
“Optical key feedback”
A short beep sounds to confirm each time a key is pressed or a menu function is carried
out. If you would like an additional optical confirmation, you can switch on the “Optical
key feedback” function. In addition to the beep, the yellow LEDs at the bottom left and
right of the status bar on the terminal light up briefly.
Factory setting:
“On”
“Speedread”
When this function is activated, the weighing result is displayed in a lighter color while
it is unstable. When the result becomes stable, it is displayed in a darker color. If the
“Speedread” function is deactivated, the weighing result is always displayed in the same
color irrespective of whether or not it is stable.
Factory setting:
“On”
User settings
36
4.7
Resetting user profile settings
This menu can be used to reset all settings for the active user profile to the factory default settings.
For security reasons, the above prompt appears. If you do not want to reset, press “C”.
ATTENTION: If you confirm the reset using “OK”, the balance restarts and all user
and application-specific settings for the active user profile are reset to the factory
default settings. Consequently, all individual settings, including user ID and user
password, are lost.
4.8
Printing user-specific settings
User Setting
Wghparam
Weighing Mode Universal
Environment
Standard
Value Release
Reliable+Fast
AutoZero
On
User
User Name
User 1
Language
English
User ID
1
Terminal
Brightness
80
Colour selection
PaletteBlueCold
Sound
70
Touch Function
On
Optical key feedback On
Speedread
On
When you are in the menu for the user-specific settings, you can print them at any time
by pressing the «F» key (provided that a printer is connected and activated as the output
device in the peripheral settings). The settings for the active user profile are printed.
The illustration opposite shows a printout with specific settings for the user profile
“User 1”.
Note: The scope of the printout depends on where in the user-specific settings you initiated
the printout. If the «F» key is pressed at the highest level of the user-specific settings, all
settings will be printed. If, for example, printing is started in the “Terminal” menu, only the
settings for the terminal will be printed.
The “Weighing” application
37
5
The “Weighing” application
This section describes the “Weighing” application. Here you will find information on how to work with this application and on the relevant
setting options. Please note that all settings for the “Weighing” application are stored under the active user profile. User-specific
settings can thus be entered for this application. Therefore make sure that you have selected the desired user profile first.
5.1
Selecting the application
D
5.2
If the “Weighing” application is not already active, press the «D» key.Touch the “Weighing”
icon in the selection window. The balance is now ready for weighing.
Settings for the “Weighing” application
Simple weighing has already been described in section 2. In addition to the operations described (zeroing, taring and performing a
simple weighing), your balance offers numerous options for adapting the “Weighing” application to your specific requirements.
5.2.1
Overview
E
The application-specific settings can be accessed via the «E» key.When this key is pressed,
the first of 5 menu pages is displayed.
The following settings are available for the “Weighing” application:
“Function Keys”:
Here you can specify which function keys are to appear at
the bottom of the display. These keys enable direct access to
specific functions (section 5.2.2).
“SmartTrac”:
For specifying the visual appearance of the graphic weighing-in
aid (section 5.2.3).
“Info Field”:
Here you can specify which information fields are to be displayed
(section 5.2.4).
“AutoPrint”:
Here you can select whether the weighing result is to be printed
automatically (section 5.2.5).
Press the arrow button to access the next menu page.
“Display Unit”:
For specifying the unit for the result display (section 5.2.6).
“Info Unit”:
For specifying an additional weighing unit, which will appear
in the appropriate information field of the display (section
5.2.6).
“Custom Unit 1”:
For defining a custom weighing unit (section 5.2.7).
“Custom Unit 2”:
For defining a second custom weighing unit (section 5.2.7).
Press the arrow buttons to go back to the previous menu page or to access the next
menu page.
The “Weighing” application
38
The following settings are available on the third menu page:
“Protocol”:
For selecting the information that is to be included in the
weighing printouts (section 5.2.8).
“Print Key”:
For specifying the behavior of the «F» key for manually printing
weighing results (section 5.2.9).
“Transfer Key”:
Format of the data that are output with the “Transfer” function
key (section 5.2.10).
“Identification”:
For defining IDs (section 5.2.11).
The following settings are available on the fourth menu page:
“Bar Code”:
These settings are only relevant if a bar code reader is connected.
Allows you to specify how bar code data is to be processed
(section 5.2.12).
“Ext. Keyboard”:
These settings are only relevant if an external keyboard is
connected. Allows you to specify how keyboard inputs are to
be processed (section 5.2.13).
“MinWeigh”:
The “MinWeigh” function ensures that the weighing results
are within a specified tolerance range, in accordance with the
requirements of your quality assurance system. Here you can
define the specifications for this function (section 5.2.14).
“Tare Store”:
Up to 10 tare weights can be predefined here, which can be
called up during the weighing operation (section 5.2.15).
The following settings are available on the fifth menu page:
Weighing
Function Keys
ID
Nominal
+Tol
-Tol
Lotcounter
Adjust.int
Adjust.ext
Test int
Test ext
PreTare
Tare Store
“AutoTare”:
The automatic tare function automatically stores the first stable
weight as the tare value. Here you can define the specifications
for this function (section 5.2.16).
“Smart & ErgoSens”:
For programming the two“SmartSens” sensors on the terminal.
In addition, up to two external “ErgoSens” sensors (optional)
can be allocated a function in this menu (section 5.2.17).
“AntiStatic Kit”:
Model dependent
Settings for the optional antistatic kit (ionizer),which allows you
to eliminate the static charge from weighing material (section
5.2.18).
Once you have defined all the required settings, press the “OK” button to return to the
active application.
1
-
The various settings for the “Weighing” application are described in detail in the following
sections.
Printing the application-specific settings:
When you are in the menus for the application-specific settings, you can print the settings
at any time by pressing the «F» key (provided that a printer is connected and activated
as the output device in the system settings).
The illustration opposite shows an excerpt from a printout of the application-specific
settings.
The “Weighing” application
39
5.2.2
Selecting function keys
Function keys enable direct access to specific functions and settings in the application.The function keys are displayed in the application
at the bottom of the display (see section 2.2). Touching a key triggers the corresponding function. This menu can be used to specify
which function keys are to be available in the application.
The function keys assigned a number are displayed in the application. The numbers determine the order of the function keys in the
display. When a function key is activated or deactivated by being touched, the order of the keys is updated automatically. To completely
redefine the order of the keys, first deactivate all the function keys and then activate them in the desired order. Press “STD” to return to
the factory default setting. Press “OK” to save the modifications (press “C” to exit the input window without saving).
The following function keys are available.
“ID”:
This function key can be used to allocate IDs (descriptive text), which are also included
in the records, to individual weighing processes. When the function key is pressed, a window appears, in which the ID can be selected and the desired text can then be entered.
Information on defining IDs can be found in section 5.2.11. Notes on working with IDs
can be found in section 5.3.4.
“Nominal”:
Specify the desired target weight (section 5.3.5). The target weight is also used as a
reference for the tolerances (described below).
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
Specify the accuracy (tolerances) for the weighing to a target weight (section 5.3.5).
“Lotcounter”:
This function key can be used to activate the item counter and to specify a start value
(section 5.3.3).
“Adjust. int.” and “Adjust. ext.”:
For adjusting the balance using an internal or external adjustment weight. Notes on adjustment and printing adjustments can be found in sections 5.4.1 and 5.4.2. Note: External
adjustment is not available for certain certifiable balances.
“Test int.” and “Test ext.”:
For checking the balance adjustment using an internal or external test weight. Notes on
checking adjustments can be found in sections 5.4.3 and 5.4.4.
“PreTare”:
Numeric entry of a fixed tare value (tare preset). Notes on entering tare values can be
found in section 5.3.2.
“Tare Store”:
For calling up a predefined tare value. Notes on specifying predefined tare values can be
found in section 5.2.15. Information on working with the tare memory can be found in
section 5.3.2.
“1/2d” ...“1/1000d”:
These function keys can be used to modify the resolution of the weighing result (section 5.3.1). Note: For metrological reasons, the option for changing the resolution is not
available on some certifiable balances.
“Header” and “Footer”:
These function keys are used to print the record header and footer (section 5.2.8).
The “Weighing” application
40
“Adj. History”:
This function key can be used to display a list of adjustment operations that have been
carried out (the operations that were selected in the system settings are displayed, see
section 3.3.1).
“Transfer”:
This function key allows the current weight value to be sent directly to the connected host
computer, without additional data (additional information). If desired, the output data can
be formatted (section 5.2.10).
“Test Sequence”:
This function key can be used to display a list of tasks whose settings are in “Manual” (see
section 3.3.2 on the separate Operating Instructions – Part 3).
“Balance Info”:
This function key can be used as a short-cut key for the “Show” button in the balance
information menu (see section 3.4).
“GWP History”:
This function key opens the GWP-History (see section 3.7 on the separate Operating
Instructions for XP Balances – Part 3). All test results that are saved in the GWP History
will be displayed.
Factory setting:
“Adjust. int.” and “1/10d” activated.
5.2.3
Selecting “SmartTrac”
“SmartTrac” is a graphic weighing-in aid, which can be used to display the used and available weighing range at any time (in some
applications, SmartTrac even simplifies weighing in to a specific nominal value). In the application, “SmartTrac” appears below the
weighing result on the right-hand side of the display (section 2.2).
This menu can be used to select the “SmartTrac” display type or disable the function.
Note: This menu can also be called up directly from the application by touching
“SmartTrac”.
Factory setting:
5.2.4
Round “SmartTrac” enabled.
Selecting information fields
The information fields continuously provide information on the set values, the recorded results, etc. In the application, the information
fields appear on the left-hand side of the display, below the weighing result.
This menu can be used to specify which
information fields are to be displayed. The
fields assigned a number will be displayed
in the application. The numbers determine
the order of the information fields in the
display. Important: For reasons of space,
a maximum of 4 information fields can
be activated. When an information field is
activated or deactivated by touching it, the
order of the fields is updated automatically.
To completely redefine the order of the fields, first deactivate all the information fields and then activate them in the desired order. Press
“STD” to return to the factory default setting; press “C” to exit the input window without saving. To save the modifications, press “OK”.
The “Weighing” application
41
The following information fields are available:
“Nominal”:
This information field shows the target weight that was entered through the function key
with the same name.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
This information field shows the tolerances for weighing to a target weight, which were
entered through the function key with the same name.
“Lotcounter”:
This information field displays the status of the item counter.
“ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3” and “ID4”:
These information fields show the IDs entered via the “ID” function keys. Note: The defined
names are displayed instead of “ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3” and “ID4” (section 5.2.11).
“Info Unit”:
This information field displays the weighing result in the second selected weighing unit
(section 5.2.6).“
“Tare”:
This information field shows the current tare value (in the same weight unit as the weighing result in the main display).
“Gross”:
This information field shows the current gross weight value (in the same weight unit as
the weighing result in the main display).
“Ref. Tare”:
If the “MinWeigh” function is activated (section 5.2.14), this information field displays the
upper limit of the reference tare.
“MinWeigh”:
If the “MinWeigh” function is activated (section 5.2.14), this information field displays the
required minimum initial weight value based on the reference tare.
“MW-Method”:
If the “MinWeigh” function is activated (section 5.2.14), this information field displays
which of the three available MinWeigh methods used for QA standard.
Factory setting:
No information fields activated.
5.2.5
Specifications for automatic record printing
This menu option can be used to specify whether and under which conditions the balance is to print the weighing result automatically.
The information defined for printing single values is printed (section 5.2.8).
When you activate the “AutoPrint” function (“On”), press “Define” to define the criteria for
automatic record printing:
“Limit”:
For automatic record printing to occur, the weight value must
fall short of and then exceed the specified limit.
“Delay Time”:
As soon as the limit is exceeded, the “Delay Time” starts. Once
this time has elapsed, the weight value is recorded and printed.
This setting allows the weighing result to be printed with a
defined delay, if necessary.
Factory setting:
“Off” (automatic record printing is deactivated).
The “Weighing” application
42
5.2.6
Selecting weighing units
The “Display Unit” and “Info Unit” menus can be used to specify the weighing units you wish to use. By selecting different units, the
weighing result can be displayed in two different weighing units simultaneously.
The same units are available for both the “Display Unit” and the “Info Unit”. The number
of available weighing units depends on the model. Note: In the example shown at left,
all available units are visible at a glance. With a larger selection, the units are displayed
in the form of a rolling list.
When the “Display Unit” is modified, the current weighing result and the values in the
“Tare” and “Gross” information fields (section 5.2.4) are displayed in the new weighing
unit. The “Info Unit” is used for the information field of the same name (section 5.2.4).
Factory setting:
5.2.7
Model-dependent (for both units).
Defining custom weighing units
A custom weighing unit can be defined in both the “Custom Unit 1” and the “Custom Unit
2” menus. Calculations can thus be carried out immediately once the weighing result
is recorded (e.g. for surfaces or volumes). Custom weighing units are available in all
menus and input fields where weighing units can be selected (but not when tare values
are entered manually).
When you activate one of the custom units (“On”), press “Define” to select the following
fields for defining the unit:
“Formula”:
This option can be used to specify how the value specified below for “Factor” is to be
calculated.There are 2 formulae to choose from:“F” stands for the factor and “Net” for the
weight value.The first formula multiplies the net weight by the factor, whereas the second
formula divides the factor by the net weight.The formula can be used, for example, to take
into account a known error factor when recording the weight.
“Factor (F)”:
This option can be used to specify the factor (-10 7 … 107) for calculating the effective
weighing result (net weight), using the previously selected formula.
“Name”:
Enter a name for your custom weighing unit (maximum of 4 characters). Note: Weight
units (“g”,“kg”, etc.) must not be entered. This is prevented with an error message.
“Result Output Format”:
This option can be used to specify the format for the weighing result. Example: A setting
of “0.05” defines rounding to 2 decimal places with a multiple of significance of 5 (a
recorded result of 123.4777 is therefore displayed as 123.50). Note: This function can
only be used to reduce the resolution of the weighing result; i.e. do not enter a value that
exceeds the maximum resolution of your balance.
Note: Values that are too low are automatically rounded up.
Factory setting:
No custom unit defined (“Off”).
The “Weighing” application
43
5.2.8
Defining the record
This menu can be used to specify what information is to appear in the weighing records.
This menu is divided into 3 submenus for greater clarity. The options for record headers,
printing single values and for record footers can be defined in these submenus.
Note: Sample printouts can be found at the end of this section.
Options for record headers
This submenu can be used to define the information to be printed at the top of the weighing record (before the results). The header
is printed automatically if it has been defined as part of the weighing record (see “Options for printing single values”). It can also be
printed separately by pressing the “Header” function key.
Touch the relevant boxes to activate the desired information. If a box is checked, the relevant information will be printed. Press “STD” to
return to the factory default setting; press “C” to exit the input window without saving. To save the modifications, press “OK”.
The following header options are available:
“Appl. Name”:
The application name is printed (“Weighing”).
“Title 1” and “Title 2”:
The defined record title is printed (section 5.2.11).
“Date/Time”:
The current date and time are printed.
“User”:
The name of the current user is printed.
“Balance Type”:
The balance model is read from the balance electronics and cannot be changed by the
user.
“SNR”:
The serial numbers for the terminal and weighing platform are read from the balance
electronics and cannot be changed.
“Balance ID”:
The balance ID defined in the system settings is printed.
“Levelcontrol”:
A printout is made, indicating whether the balance is correctly leveled or not.
“ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3” and “ID4”:
The IDs defined via the “ID” function key are printed (section 5.3.4).
“Nom., +Tol, –Tol”:
Prints the specified target weight and the selected tolerances.
“MW Method”:
The selected MinWeigh method is printed (section 5.2.14).
“Signature”:
Inserts a line for signing the printout.
“Blank Line”:
A blank line is printed.
The “Weighing” application
44
“Dash Line”:
Inserts a dashed line (this option is available twice).
“3 Blank Lines”:
Prints 3 blank lines at the end of the printout (paper advance).
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” and “Date/Time” activated (in this order).
Options for printing single values
In this submenu you can specify which information should be printed for each individual weighing result. Printing is initiated by pressing
the button «F» or automatically (if the automatic printing function is activated, see section 5.2.5).
The following information is available for printing weighing results:
“Header”:
The information defined for the header is printed (see above).
“Levelcontrol”:
A printout is made, indicating whether the balance is correctly leveled or not.
“ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3” and “ID4”:
The IDs defined via the “ID” function key are printed (section 5.3.4).
“Nom., +Tol, –Tol”:
Prints the specified target weight and the selected tolerances.
“MW Method”:
The selected MinWeigh method is printed (section 5.2.14).
“Tare”:
The tare value for the current weighing operation is printed.
“Net”:
The net weight value for the current weighing operation is printed.
“Gross”:
The gross weight value for the current weighing operation is printed.
“Info Unit”:
The weighing result (net value) is also printed in the selected info unit (section 5.2.6).
“Signature”:
Inserts a line for signing the printout.
“Blank Line”:
A blank line is printed.
“Dash Line”:
Inserts a dashed line (this option is available twice).
“3 Blank Lines”:
Prints 3 blank lines at the end of the printout (paper advance).
“Footer”:
The information specified for the footer is printed (see “Options for printing footer”).
Factory setting:
“Net” is activated.
The “Weighing” application
45
Options for record footers
This submenu can be used to define the information to be printed at the bottom of the weighing record after the results (single values). The footer is printed when the “Footer” function key is pressed. The footer options are the same as those for the header, only the
“Levelcontrol” option is unavailable.
Factory setting:
“Signature” is activated.
Sample printouts
“Header” / “Footer”
------- Weighing ------24.Feb 2005
17:30
T1
T2
User Name
User 1
Balance Type
XP6002S
Balance ID
Lab A/1
ID1
Balance is levelled
Nominal
0.00 g
+Tol
2.50 %
-Tol
2.50 %
MW-Method
Off
Min.Weight by Tare
-----------------------Signature
“Single Values”
------- Weighing ------24.Feb 2005
17:32
N
1021.53 g
T
41.37 g
G
1062.90 g
------------------------
........................
5.2.9
Specifications for manual record printing
The settings in the “Print Key” menu can be used to specify the behavior of the «F» key (record printing).
“Stable”:
When the «F» key is pressed, the record is not printed until
the weighing result is stable.
“Dynamic”:
When the «F» key is pressed,the record is printed immediately,
regardless of whether the weighing result is stable or not.
“Off”:
When the «F» key is pressed, no record is printed as the key
is inactive.
Factory setting:
“Stable”.
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46
5.2.10 Formatting the output data (Transfer Key)
You can use the “Transfer” function key to transmit the stable weight value across the
interface to a host computer (section 5.2.2). In this menu you can specify how the output
values should be formatted. This may be necessary if you operate your balance together
with other instruments, programs, or peripheral devices that require a particular data format. You can also use this menu to specify whether the data should only be transmitted
to the host or also to the printer.
At the factory, the data output is set to a standard format that is essentially the same as
the weight value displayed on the terminal but followed by end-of-line characters that
are defined for the host (section 3.7). Negative weight values have a minus sign placed
before the value. The output weight value is aligned left-justified.
Example (–12.8934 g):
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
–
1
2
.
8
9
3
4
9
10
11
12
g
CR
LF
Note: If you reduce the resolution of the displayed value, the weight value is also transmitted to the host with reduced resolution.
If, at the time when the data are transmitted, the balance is displaying an underload or
overload,“UNDERLOAD” or “OVERLOAD” is transmitted instead of the weight value.
If you want to change the output format, touch the button next to “Data output format”.
Activate “Customise” and then touch the “Define” button.
This menu contains settings for the following data fields:
– Net weight symbol
– Weight value
– Weight unit
In the output data, these fields are separated by a space character. The complete data
record is terminated with the end-of-line characters that were defined for the host (section 3.7).
The settings for the individual data fields are explained below.
The “Weighing” application
47
Net weight symbol
In the standard output format, net weights are not specially identified. If you want the net
weights to be preceded by an “N”, you must activate this function and also specify the field
length (1 – 10 characters). The net symbol is aligned left-justified in the field. Note: If the
balance has not been tared, the net symbol is not transmitted. Instead, space characters
corresponding to the selected field length are transmitted.
Factory setting:
Net weight symbol deactivated.
Field length 5 characters.
Format of the weight value
To format the weight value, the following options are available:
“Field length”:
Total length of the data field for the weight value including
sign, decimal point, and decimal places (1 – 20 characters).
Note: Irrespective of your setting, enough decimal places will
always be output for the weight value shown on the terminal
to be completely transmitted.The weight value is output rightjustified. Factory setting: 10.
“No. of dec. digits”:
Number of decimal places (0 – 6 digits). If the set number
is less than the number of decimal places displayed on the
terminal, the value will be rounded to the selected number of
decimal places before it is transmitted. Factory setting: Max.
number of decimal places of the balance.
“Sign”:
When set to“Always”,the weight value is always preceded by a
plus or minus sign. If you select“Neg. values”, negative values
will be preceded by a minus sign, but positive values will be
transmitted without a sign. Factory setting: “Neg. values”.
“Sign position”:
You can use this setting to specify whether the sign should
be immediately in front of the weight value (right justified) or
with a gap in between (left justified). Factory setting: Right
justified (immediately in front of the weight value).
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48
Field for the weight unit
In the standard output format, each weight value is output with the associated weight
unit (corresponding to the current display unit). In this menu you can choose whether
weight units should be transmitted with or without unit and also specify the field length
for the weight unit (1 – 5 characters). Irrespective of your setting for the field length,
enough decimal places will be output for the weight value shown on the terminal to be
completely transmitted. The weight unit is output left-justified (separated from the weight
value by a space character).
Factory setting:
Output of the weight unit is activated.
Field length 3 characters.
Data output on the printer
When you press the “Transfer” function key, the data are normally only transmitted to the
host. If you also want to send the data to the printer, activate the setting “Data transfer
to printer”. Note: The previously described settings for formatting the data do not affect
how the data are output on the printer. This is entirely controlled by the protocol settings
(section 5.2.8).
Factory setting:
Data output on the printer is deactivated (“Off”).
5.2.11 Defining IDs and record titles
This menu can be used to activate and rename the 4 IDs, which are available under the “ID” function key (section 5.2.2). In addition,
you can define two titles for the weighing records.
Record Title (“Title 1” and “Title 2”):
The names entered (e.g., the company name) can be printed in the weighing records.
The maximum permissible length of the record title is 20 characters.
IDs (“ID 1 Name” ...“ID 4 Name”):
Select the ID that you wish to activate/deactivate or rename. Note: Deactivated IDs (“Off”)
can no longer be selected under the “ID” function key.
A window appears, in which you can activate the ID and rename it.
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49
The factory-set ID names are “ID1”,“ID2”,“ID3” and “ID4”.They can be replaced by custom
names, e.g.“Client” for “ID1”,“Order” for “ID2”,“Lot” for “ID3” and “Sample” for “ID 4”.
To change the current ID name, press the corresponding button. An alphanumeric input
field appears, in which the new name can be entered (maximum of 20 characters). The
ID is now available with the new name under the “ID” function key.
The entered names also appear as the names of the relevant information fields (section 5.2.4) and can be printed on the weighing records (section 5.2.8).
Notes on working with IDs can be found in section 5.3.4.
Factory setting:
“T1” and “T2” as the record titles
“ID1” activated (Name = “ID1”)
5.2.12 Specifications for processing bar code data
If a bar code reader is connected to your balance, this menu can be used to specify how the bar code data is to be processed. The
following settings are available:
“Off”:
No bar code data is processed. This setting should be used if
no bar code reader is connected.
“ID1”...“ID4”:
The received bar code data is treated like identification text and
assigned to the relevant ID (section 5.3.4). Note: If you have
defined ID names (section 5.2.11), they are used instead of
“ID1”...“ID4”.
“PreTare”:
The bar code data is interpreted as the value for the tare preset
(section 5.3.2).
“Host”:
The bar code data is not processed in the balance, but is
transmitted directly to a connected PC. If no PC is connected
or the PC cannot receive the data, the data is ignored.
“Open Input”:
The bar code data is written to the input window (e.g., item
counter, ID or manual tare) that is currently open in the application and the input window is then closed automatically.
If no input window is open, the data is ignored.
Factory setting:
“Open Input”.
Note: If you connect a bar code reader to your balance, configure the interface in the
system settings accordingly (section 3.7).
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50
5.2.13 Specifications for processing keyboard entries
If an external keyboard is connected to your balance, this menu can be used to specify how the data is to be processed. The following
settings are available:
“Off”:
No keyboard entries are processed.This setting should be used
if no keyboard is connected.
“Host”:
The keyboard entries are not processed in the balance, but are
transmitted directly to the connected PC. If no PC is connected
or the PC cannot receive the data, the data is ignored.
“Open Input”:
The keyboard entries are written to the input window (e.g.,
item counter, ID or manual tare) that is currently open in the
application and the window is then closed automatically. If no
input window is open, the data is ignored.
Factory setting:
“Open Input”.
Note: If you connect an external keyboard to your balance, configure the interface in the
system settings accordingly (section 3.7).
5.2.14 Settings for the “MinWeigh” function
The menu containing the settings for the “MinWeigh” function is deactivated ex works and cannot be accessed.The “MinWeigh”
function must be enabled and programmed by a service technician. If you need to use this function, but cannot access it in the
menu, please contact your METTLER TOLEDO dealer.
The “MinWeigh” function ensures that the weighing results are within a specified tolerance range in accordance with the requirements
of your quality assurance system.
The service technician will use weights on site to determine the required minimum initial weight values according to your QA specifications and will then load these values onto the balance. Up to 3 tare values can be defined with the corresponding minimum initial weight
values. In addition, the service technician will set the weighing parameters (section 4.3) to values that ensure the required tolerance
range is observed. These settings cannot be modified by the user while the “MinWeigh” function is active.
Once the balance programming is complete, the service technician creates a certificate that documents the measurements, tolerances
and corresponding tare and minimum weight values for the initial weighing. Using the “MinWeigh” function ensures that the weighing
results meet the specifications of the certificate and thus comply with your QA guidelines. Information on working with the “MinWeigh”
function can be found in section 5.3.6.
If the“MinWeigh”function has been enabled,it can be activated or deactivated in the menu.
When the function is activated, press “Define”. The following options are available:
“Method”:
This is the name of the QA standard that you are using. Up to
3 methods are available, e.g. “Demo MinW...”, “USP precise”
and “USP fast”. Note: The method names are predefined.
The service technician can adapt the names according to
your requirements, e.g. if you are using internal company QA
methods.
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51
“Info”:
When“Show”is pressed,a window opens containing information
about the “MinWeigh” function (method, date of the next test
by the service technician and the minimum required weight
values defined by the service technician in relation to reference
tare values). Press the «F» key to print the information.
Factory setting:
“MinWeigh” function deactivated (“Off”).
5.2.15 Defining and activating the tare memory
This menu can be used to define and rename up to 10 tare values, which are available under the “Tare Store” function key (section
5.2.2).
Select the tare memory that you wish to activate/deactivate, rename or modify the weight
value for. Note: Deactivated IDs (“Off”) can no longer be selected under the “Tare Store”
function key.
A window appears, in which you can activate and rename the desired tare memory as
well as modify its weight value.
The designations of the tare memory ex works are “T1” ... “T10”. The names can be customized, e.g. the name of a tare container can be used.
To change the current tare memory name,press the corresponding button.An alphanumeric
input field appears, in which the new name can be entered (maximum of 20 characters).
The tare memory is now available with the new name under the “Tare Store” function
key. Note: Even though the maximum permissible length of the name is 20 characters,
we recommend that you use short names, as a maximum of only 10 characters can be
displayed under the “Tare Store” function key.
To enter the weight value, press the corresponding button. A numeric input field appears,
in which the tare value can be entered. Note: Instead of typing in the value, you can
place the relevant tare container on the weighing pan and then press the button with the
balance icon. The measured weight value is thus transferred directly.
Notes on working with the tare memories can be found in section 5.3.2.
Factory setting:
All tare memories are deactivated (“Off”)
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52
5.2.16 Settings for the automatic tare function
This menu option can be used to specify whether and under which conditions the balance is to automatically interpret the first weight
following a zero setting as the tare. Notes on working with the automatic tare function can be found in section 5.3.2.
When you activate the “AutoTare” function (“On”), press the button to define the weight
criterion for the automatic tare function:
“Limit”:
Factory setting:
This value specifies the minimum weight that must be placed
on the weighing pan for it to be automatically saved as the tare.
If the weight is below the limit, the value is not automatically
transferred to the tare memory.
Note: Instead of typing in the value, you can place your lightest
tare container on the weighing pan and then press the button with the balance icon. The measured weight value is thus
transferred directly as the limit.
“Off” (automatic tare function is deactivated).
5.2.17 Settings for SmartSens and ErgoSens
This menu option can be used to activate/deactivate each of the two contact-free sensors (SmartSens) in the top left and right corners
of the terminal and to assign each sensor a function. The same settings are available for a maximum of two external ErgoSens sensors.
The ErgoSens sensor is an optional external sensor with the same functions as the built-in SmartSens sensor. A maximum of 2 external
ErgoSens sensors can be connected to the balance.
Each of the 4 sensors can be assigned one of the following functions by touching the
relevant button:
“Off”:
The sensor is inactive.
“Door”:
Model-dependent
Opening and closing of the glass draft shield (doors).
“G”:
Zero the balance.
“H”:
Tare the balance.
“Print”:
Start the print process.
“ID1”...“ID4”:
Open the input window for the relevant ID.
“Header”:
Print the header.
“Footer”:
Print the footer.
“Pre Tare”:
Open the input window to enter a fixed numeric tare value
(tare preset).
“1/2d” - “1/1000d”:
Change the resolution of the weighing result.
“AntiStatic Kit”:
Model-dependent:
This setting is only available for “ErgoSens 1” and “Ergo
Sens 2”. The optional antistatic kit is connected to one of the
two ErgoSens connections (“Aux 1”/“Aux 2”). For the antistatic
kit to function, it must be selected under “ErgoSens 1” or “ErgoSens 2” depending on the connection used. You can find
additional information on the antistatic kit in section 5.2.18..
“Transfer”:
Transmits the stable formatted weight value across the interface.
The “Weighing” application
53
Note: If a function is activated, which emulates a key on the terminal, the relevant icon lights up below the corresponding sensor in the
status bar (“K”,“G”,“H” oder “F”). For all other settings (that emulate function keys of the same name), the green “F” (function)
icon lights up. No icon lights up when the sensor is deactivated.
Factory setting Model-dependent:
Precision balances:
“Off” for all 4 sensors.
Analytical- and
Micro balances:
SmartSens left and right configured for draft shield (doors) operation.“Off” for both ErgoSens.
5.2.18 Settings for the optional antistatic Kit (Model-dependent)
Settings for the optional antistatic kit eliminates the static charge of weighing material. The antistatic kit is connected to one of the
two “Aux 1” or “Aux 2” connections at the rear of the balance (both of these connections are also used for the optional ErgoSens). The
antistatic kit must be selected in the ErgoSens settings for the balance to recognize it (see section 5.2.17; also see the instructions supplied with the antistatic kit).
In this menu option you can make settings for the operating principle of the antistatic
kit.
The following settings are available:
“After door opened”:
Here you can define whether ionization will occur when the
glass draft shield (doors) is opened (“Active”) or whether no
ionization will occur (“Inactive”). With the “Active” setting,
ionization will occur continuously until the draft shield (doors)
is closed again (a maximum of 10 minutes).
“After door closed”:
This setting defines the number of seconds ionization should
occur after the draft shield (doors) close (adjustment range
0 ... 1000 seconds). Note: If you set it for “0” seconds, there
will be no ionization after the draft shield (doors) close
Factory setting:
Ionization occurs when the draft shield is open (“Active”).
Ionization occurs for 5 seconds after the draft shield (doors)
close.
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54
5.3
Working with the “Weighing” application
Simple weighing has already been described in section 2.3. This section describes how the various functions in the “Weighing” application are used in practice.
5.3.1
Changing the resolution of the weighing result
The balance is set ex works so that the weighing result is displayed at the maximum resolution for the balance model (corresponds to
1d). While you are working, you can change the resolution of the weighing result at any time.
To change the resolution of the weighing result, the relevant function keys must be activated (section 5.2.2). The following function keys can be used to display the weighing
result at a lower resolution:
“1/2d”:
Displays the last decimal place in increments of 2
“1/5d”:
Displays the last decimal place in increments of 5
“1/10d”:
10x lower resolution
“1/100d”:
100x lower resolution
“1/1000d”:
1000x lower resolution.
Press the relevant function key again to show the weighing result at the normal resolution. Note: These function keys are inactive when the “MinWeigh” function is on (section
5.2.14) or when a custom weighing unit is used (section 5.2.7).
5.3.2
Tare options
The tare is usually determined by placing the weighing container on the pan and pressing the «H» key.The balance offers other tare
options, however, which will make your day-to-day work easier.
Manual entry of the tare value (tare preset and manual tare)
If you are working with the same weighing container over an extended period of time, you can enter its weight manually.This eliminates
the need for taring when the weighing container is placed on the pan. When the weighing container is lifted off the pan, the tare weight
is displayed as a negative value. When the container is placed on the pan again, the display is set to zero and the balance is ready for
weighing.
To enter a tare preset, the relevant function key must be activated (section 5.2.2). When
the function key is pressed, the window for entering the tare value appears.
Type in the desired tare value. Check the weighing unit, which is shown to the right of
the tare value (custom weighing units are not available when the tare value is entered
manually).
Note: Instead of typing in the value, you can place the relevant tare container on the weighing pan and then press the button with the balance icon. Wait until the value displayed
is stable before you accept it with “OK”!
Once you have entered the value, press “OK” to activate the tare preset.
The tare preset value is stored until a new value is entered, the «G» or «H» key is
pressed, or the balance is switched off.
The “Weighing” application
55
Using the automatic tare function
The balance can be configured so that the first weight placed on the pan is always automatically interpreted as the tare. The “AutoTare”
function must be activated in the menu in order to use this function (section 5.2.16).
To start automatic taring, press the «G» button (otherwise the tare weight will not be used automatically), then place the empty
container on the weighing pan. As soon as the weight value becomes stable, this is used as the tare value. The weight display is set
to zero and the “Net” icon appears. You can now begin weighing. After the full container is removed, the “Net” icon disappears and the
stored tare value is deleted.
Working with tare memories
If you are working with different tare containers, you can store their weights and call them up at any time during the weighing operation
at the touch of a button. Up to 10 tare memories can be defined.
In order to use the tare memory,the“Tare Store”function key must be activated (section 5.2.2)
and the desired tare memory must be defined and activated (section 5.2.15).
When the “Tare Store” function key is pressed, a window appears in which you can select
the desired tare memory. The memory names correspond to those that were defined in
the menu (“Tare 1”...“Tare 10” are only example names).
Select the desired memory and the corresponding tare value is loaded immediately. The
tare value remains active until a new tare memory is selected, the «G» or «H» key
is pressed, the application is changed, another user profile is selected, or the balance is
switched off.
5.3.3
Working with the item counter
The item counter numbers each weight value in the report printout, whereby the number automatically increases by 1 for each new
item.
To use the item counter, the relevant function key must be activated (section 5.2.2).
Note: When working with the item counter, we recommend that you also activate the
corresponding information field (section 5.2.4). You can then view the current status of
the item counter at any time.
When the function key is pressed a numeric input field appears, in which the start value for
the item counter can be specified. The value is preset to 0 ex works, i.e. the item counter
is switched off. To activate the item counter, enter a start value between 1 and 999.
1 N
235.87 g
2 N
604.24 g
3 N
817.96 g
Each time a weighing record is printed using the «F» key, the weight value is preceded
by a number, which increases by 1 for each new item. When the counter reaches the
maximum value of 999, the numbering restarts from 1.
Note: The item counter can also be used with automatic record printing (section 5.2.5).
The “Weighing” application
56
5.3.4
Working with IDs
IDs contain descriptive text for individual weighing processes, which enables weighing samples to be easily allocated to specific tasks
or customers. The IDs are included on printouts (or can be transmitted to a connected PC).
To use the IDs, the “ID” function key must be activated (section 5.2.2). This function key
can be used to call up a maximum of 4 available IDs. Note: If the IDs are deactivated,
the function key is grayed out and cannot be pressed. If this is the case, the IDs must be
activated first before they can be used (section 5.2.11).
The four factory-set ID names are “ID1”, “ID2”, “ID3” und “ID4”. These names can be
replaced by more appropriate titles for your application (section 5.2.11). The selected
names (e.g.“Client” for ID1, “Order” for ID2,“Lot” for ID3 and “Sample” for ID4) are available under the “ID” function key.
When working with the IDs, we recommend that you also activate the relevant information fields (section 5.2.4). The information fields contain the names that were selected
for the 4 IDs.
The example opposite shows the display on the balance following activation of the ID
function key and the ID information fields.
The following example operation is based on the ID names that were defined in the
example above.
If you want to carry out an order for a customer in the application, press the “ID” function
key. You can then select the ID for which you wish to enter text (e.g.“Client”).
A field appears for you to enter the customer name (see illustration opposite). Enter the
name and confirm your entry with “OK”.
When you press the “ID” function key and select the “Order” ID, a similar field appears for
you to enter the order name. The text for the “Lot” and “Sample” IDs can then be entered
in the same way. The maximum permissible ID length is 24 characters.
The “Weighing” application
57
Once you have completed all the entries, you can check the selected IDs again using the
information fields in the display.
All ID text is stored until it is replaced by new text.
------- Weighing ------16.Mar 2004
17:21
Client
METTLER TOLEDO
Order
MT-18/2004
Lot
18/2B
Sample
1/4
N
242.83 g
T
20.76 g
G
263.59 g
5.3.5
If the weighing record has been defined so that the IDs are also printed (section 5.2.8),
both the defined ID names (e.g.“Client”) and the text entered (e.g.,“METTLER TOLEDO”)
will be printed. The illustration opposite shows a printout with the IDs from the example
above.
Weighing to a nominal value
The “Weighing” application offers you additional functions that simplify weighing to a defined target weight.
Presettings
The function keys shown at left must be activated so that a nominal weight and the
corresponding tolerances can be entered (section 5.2.2). To view the defined values in
the display, the information fields of the same name can also be activated, if necessary
(section 5.2.4).
Operating sequence
Press the “Nominal” function key. Type in the desired value. Check the weighing unit,
which is shown to the right of the nominal value. When the weighing unit is touched a
selection box containing the available units appears. Note: The units are not converted
automatically; i.e., if a value is entered in one unit, this value remains the same even if
the weighing unit is changed.
Once the value is entered, press “OK” to activate the nominal value.
The “+Tolerance” and “-Tolerance” function keys can be used to specify the accuracy
with which you wish to weigh. The input window is the same as for the nominal value.
The input window is the same as for the nominal value. Both tolerance values are set to
2.5 % ex works. Instead of a percentage value, you can also enter an absolute tolerance
in any weighing unit (e.g.,“g”). Once the relevant value is entered, press “OK” to activate
the tolerance.
The “Weighing” application
58
As soon as the nominal value and tolerances have been entered, a graphic weighing-in
aid (“SmartTrac”) appears in the display with tolerance markers that simplify weighing
in to the nominal value: You can roughly weigh in your samples until the lower tolerance
value is reached and then accurately dose, if necessary, up to the nominal value.
5.3.6
Working with the “MinWeigh” function
The “MinWeigh” function ensures that the weighing results are within a specified tolerance range in accordance with the requirements
of your quality assurance system. This function must be enabled and programmed by a service technician. The “MinWeigh” function
must be activated in this menu in order to use the function (section 5.2.14). As soon as this function is activated, a small weight icon
containing a “<” appears above the weighing result in the display. We recommend that you also activate the “MinWeigh”, “Ref. Tare”
and “Tare” information fields (section 5.2.4).
Press the «G» key to set the display to zero. Place the tare (weighing container) on
the weighing pan and press the «H» key to tare the balance. The balance determines
the tare value and displays it in the “Tare” information field. The “Net” icon (net weight)
appears next to the weight display.
The “MinWeigh” information field displays the minimum initial weight, which is required
for the current tare (20.00 g in the example opposite). In addition, the tare reference value
(which determines the minimum initial weight value) is displayed in the“Ref. Tare” information field. Note: If several reference tare values (and their corresponding minimum initial
weight values) have been programmed by the service technician, the displayed value
automatically changes to the range for the current tare weight. The required minimum
initial weight value also changes simultaneously.
In the illustration opposite, the small weight icon (status icon) and the gray color of the
weight value indicate that the minimum initial weight value has not yet been reached
and that the current weight value may be outside the tolerance range specified in the
QA system.
Place the weighing sample on the pan. As soon as the required minimum initial weight
value is reached, the weighing result is displayed in dark, easy-to-read figures and the
small weight icon disappears.
MW-Method
Ref. Tare
MinWeigh
*N
T
G
USP precise
120.00 g
20.00 g
17.03 g
46.85 g
63.88 g
The weighing result can be printed using the «F» key. The illustration opposite shows an
excerpt from a sample printout, which lists the specifications for the “MinWeigh” function
(method, reference tare and required minimum initial weight value) as well as the current
weight values. The asterisk to the left of the net weight indicates that, according to the
example above, the minimum initial weight value was not reached and that the value
may not meet the QA specifications.
Note
If the status icon opposite (small weight symbol with clock) appears in the upper right
of the display (below the date and time), it’s time to test the “MinWeigh” function again.
Contact the customer service department of your sales outlet to have a service technician
run the test as soon as possible.
The “Weighing” application
59
5.4
Adjusting the balance and testing adjustments
Your balance is set to ProFACT (see Operating Instructions – Part 3) fully automatic adjustment ex works. ProFACT automatically
adjusts the balance according to preselected criteria. However, the balance can be adjusted manually and/or tested using the internal
weight or an external weight at any time.
In the following descriptions, it is assumed that the relevant function keys for adjustment and tests (section 5.2.2) are active.
5.4.1
Adjustment using the internal weight
Pressing this function key triggers a balance adjustment using the built-in calibration
weight. This can be implemented at any time.
You can hear how the internal weight is placed on the pan and then lifted off again in
a motorized process. During adjustment the same window is displayed as for ProFACT
adjustment (see section 3.4 of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3).
Following the adjustment operation, one of the following messages is displayed:
Adjustment done. Press “OK” to return to the application.
If a printer is connected to the balance, the adjustment is printed automatically according
to the specifications selected in the system settings for printing adjustments (section 3.8
of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3). A sample printout
can be found in section 5.4.5.
Adjustment abort. This message also appears when you cancel adjustment. You can
repeat the adjustment operation or press “OK” to return to the application.
Note: The procedure described corresponds to the factory setting. Advanced Options can
be used to extend the internal adjustment procedure with internal tests (see section 3.4.1
of the separate document Operating Instructions for XP – Part 3.
5.4.2
Adjustment using an external weight
Pressing this function key triggers a balance adjustment using an external calibration
weight. This can be implemented at any time, but you can also specify in the system settings that the balance issues a calibration reminder on specific days of the week and at
a specific time (section 3.5 of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances
– Part 3). Note: Depending on country-specific regulations, adjustment using an external
weight may not be available on certified balances.
The “Weighing” application
60
For automatic external adjustment only: If you specify in the system settings that the
balance should automatically request adjustment (section 3.5 of the separate document
Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3), the window opposite will appear at the selected time. If you want to carry out the adjustment, press “Yes” to start the adjustment
process described below. If, on the other hand, you press “Later”, you will be prompted to
carry out the adjustment again after 15 minutes. The adjustment weight selected last is
always used for automatic external adjustment. Note: The small weight icon for automatic
external adjustment in the upper right of the display is deleted after adjustment is successfully completed or if, at the time of the second request, you indicate your decision
not to carry out the adjustment (“No”).
A list for selecting the adjustment weight will appear when you press the function key
“Adjust. ext.”. Note: All adjustment weights in the figure shown here still have the names
they were given at the factory, with the exception of the first weight, which was assigned
a unique name (section 3.3.1 of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3). The adjustment starts immediately after the weight is selected
After the adjustment process starts, you will be prompted to place the adjustment weight.
If available, the ID and the certificate number of the corresponding weight are displayed.
The required weight value flashes at the bottom of the window.
Important: Make sure you place the correct weight on the pan, otherwise the adjustment
operation will be stopped and aborted with an error message after a specific period of
time has elapsed. The adjustment weight can be defined in the system settings (section
3.3.1 of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3).
Note: Press “Cancel” to exit the current adjustment operation at any time.
Once the requested weight is placed on the pan, the adjustment operation is carried
out automatically. At the end of the adjustment operation you are prompted to lift off the
weight. Remove the adjustment weight from the weighing pan.
The balance confirms that adjustment was carried out successfully. Press “OK” to return
to the application.
If a printer is connected to the balance, the adjustment is printed automatically according
to the specifications selected in the system settings for printing adjustments (section 3.8
of the separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3). A sample printout
can be found in section 5.4.5.
In the event of an error during adjustment, an error message is displayed, which is the
same as the message for adjustment using the internal weight (see previous section).
The “Weighing” application
61
5.4.3
Testing adjustments using an internal weight
Pressing this function key checks that your balance was adjusted correctly using the
internal weight.
The test procedure is the same as that described in section 5.4.1 (only for factory default
settings).
Following successful completion of the test, the window opposite is displayed as confirmation. If a printer is connected to the balance, the test is printed automatically according to
the specifications selected in the system settings for printing (section 3.8 of the separate
document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3). A sample printout can be found
in section 5.4.5.
If the test was aborted due to an error, an error message is displayed.
5.4.4
Testing adjustments using an external weight
Pressing this function key checks that your balance was adjusted correctly using an
external weight. This can be implemented at any time.
You can also specify in the system settings that the balance prompt for an adjustment
test using an external weight on certain days and at a particular time (section 3.6 of the
separate document Operating Manual for XP Balances – Part 3). In this case, the small
weight icon for automatic adjustment testing is displayed until the test is successfully
completed or until you indicate at the time of the second request that you have decided
not to carry out the test.
The test procedure is the same as that for adjustment using an external weight (section
5.4.2).
Following successful completion of the test, the window opposite is displayed. If a printer is
connected to the balance, the test is printed automatically according to the specifications
selected in the system settings for printing (section 3.8 of the separate document Operating
Manual for XP Balances – Part 3). A sample printout can be found in section 5.4.5.
The “Weighing” application
62
5.4.5
Adjustment and test printouts (sample printouts)
The extent of detail of the record depends on the settings selected. Examples are shown in the following figures.
Printout of an internal or ProFACT adjustment
Printout of an external adjustment
- Internal adjustment -25.Feb 2005
16:02
- External adjustment -25.Feb 2005
15:57
METTLER TOLEDO
User Name
METTLER TOLEDO
User Name
User 1
Balance Type
XP6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Balance ID
Lab A/1
Temperature
21.2 °C
Balance is levelled
User 1
Balance Type
XP6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Balance ID
Lab A/1
Weight ID
ECW-6000/1
Certificate No. MT-414/A
Temperature
20.8 °C
Nominal
6000.00 g
Adjustment done
Balance is levelled
Signature
Adjustment done
........................
-----------------------Note: No signature line is printed for
ProFACT adjustments.
Signature
........................
------------------------
The “Weighing” application
63
Printout of an internal test
Printout of an external test
---- Internal test ----25.Feb 2005
15:40
---- External test ----25.Feb 2005
15:43
METTLER TOLEDO
User Name
METTLER TOLEDO
User Name
User 1
Balance Type
XP6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Balance ID
Lab A/1
Temperature
19.8
Nominal
100.0000
Actual
99.9981
Diff
-0.0019
°C
%
%
%
User 1
Balance Type
XP6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Balance ID
Lab A/1
Weight ID
ETW-2000/1
Certificate No. MT-806/5
Balance is levelled
Temperature
20.2 °C
Nominal
2000.00 g
Actual
1999.90 g
Diff
-0.10 g
Test done
Balance is levelled
Signature
Test done
........................
------------------------
Signature
........................
------------------------
The “Statistics” application
64
6
The “Statistics” application
This section describes the “Statistics” application. Here you will find information on how to work with this application and on the relevant
setting options. Please note that all settings for the “Statistics” application are stored under the active user profile. User-specific
settings can thus be entered for this application. Therefore, make sure that you have selected the desired user profile first.
6.1
Introduction to the “Statistics” application
The “Statistics” application offers the same basic options as the “Weighing” application, but also contains additional settings and
functions for the statistical acquisition and evaluation of series weighing values. This section only describes in detail the settings and
functions that differ from the “Weighing” application.
Note: If you use Statistics in conjunction with the LC-I/O relay interface or the LV11 automatic feeder, please note the information
provided in the “Solution Guide”, which is available on the Internet (www.mt.com).
6.2
Selecting the application
D
If the “Statistics” application is not already active, press the «D» key.Touch the application
icon in the selection window.
The display opposite appears when the application is selected. Some of the special
function keys and information fields for statistics are activated ex works. These and other
settings can be adapted to your requirements, according to the descriptions in the following sections.
Note: The “Result” and “CL Result” function keys are inactive, and therefore displayed in
gray, as the statistics do not yet contain any values.
6.3
Settings for the “Statistics” application
Various specific settings for Statistics, which can be used to adapt the application to your requirements, can be found under the «E»
key.
6.3.1
Overview
The setting options for the “Statistics” application are virtually identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section 5.2). Only the
settings that differ are described below. They apply to the following menu pages:
The “Statistics” application
65
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for Statistics.
“Info Field”:
Additional information fields are available for Statistics.
“Autom. WeightEntry”:
This setting can be used to automatically enter weight values into the statistics.
“Protocol”:
Additional record information is available for Statistics.
“Additive Weighing”:
Additive mode (series weighing with automatic taring) can be activated in this menu,
which is only available in the “Statistics” application.
“PlausibilityCheck”:
This setting prevents incorrect values from being transferred to the statistics.
“Tablet Feeder”:
This menu can be used to specify the interaction between the statistics function and the
LV11 automatic feeder from METTLER TOLEDO.
“AntiStatic Kit” (Model-dependent):
Settings for the optional Anti Static Kit (section 5.2.18)
The specific settings for the “Statistics” application are described in detail in the following sections.
6.3.2
Special function keys for use with the statistics
The following special function keys can be activated in the function key menu for use with the statistics:
“M+”:
This function key transfers the current stable weight to the
statistics (section 6.4.1).
“Result”:
This function key opens the results window (section 6.4.1).
“CL Result”:
This function key deletes the statistics for a weighing series
(section 6.4.1).
“CL Last”:
This function key deletes the last stored measured value (section 6.4.1).
“Nominal”:
This function key can be used to define the desired nominal
weight (section 6.4.2).The nominal weight is also used as the
reference for the tolerances (described below).
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
These function keys can be used to define the accuracy (tolerances) with which you wish to weigh in (section 6.4.2).
“Max n”:
This function key can be used to define the maximum number
of samples in a series (section 6.4.1).
All other function keys are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.2).
Factory setting:
6.3.3
“M+”,“Result” and “CL Result” are activated (in this order).
Special information fields for the statistics
The following settings for displaying statistical values are available in the menu for the information fields:
“n”:
Number of samples weighed in.
“x”:
Mean weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as an absolute and percentage value.
“Sum”:
Total weight of all individual weighings.
“>T+” and “<T-”:
Number of samples outside the upper and lower tolerance
range.
“Min” and “Max”:
Smallest and largest recorded weight value in the current
measurement series.
The “Statistics” application
66
“Diff”:
Difference between the smallest and largest weight value.
“Nominal”:
Shows the nominal weight entered via the function key of the
same name.
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
These information fields show the tolerances entered via the
function keys of the same name.
All other information fields are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.4).
Factory setting:
6.3.4
“n”,“x” and “s” are activated (in this order).
Specifications for automatic weight transfer
This menu option can be used to specify whether and under which conditions the balance is to automatically transfer a stable weight value
to the statistics (this means you do not have to press the “M+” function key). In addition, the weight value is printed automatically.
When you activate this function (“On”), press “Define” to define the criteria for automatic
weight transfer:
6.3.5
“Limit”:
This value specifies the weight limit that must be exceeded to
trigger automatic weight transfer.
“Delay Time”:
As soon as the weight limit is exceeded, the “Delay Time” starts.
Once this time has elapsed, the weight value is recorded and
transferred to the statistics or transmitted via the interface.
Factory setting:
“Off” (automatic weight transfer is deactivated).
Special record information for the statistics
The three submenus for defining the record header, printing single values and for the result
contain additional settings for the statistics, which are described below.
Note: The other available record information is the same as for the “Weighing” application
(section 5.2.8) and is not described here.
Record header
Additional settings for the statistics are available on the second page of this submenu:
“Plausibility”:
The defined limit for plausible measured values is printed
(section 6.3.7).
“Max n”:
The defined maximum number of samples in the series is
printed.
“Nom., +/-Tol”:
Prints the defined nominal weight and the defined tolerances.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Statistics” is printed) and “Date/Time” (in this
order); no specific information is activated for the statistics.
The “Statistics” application
67
The header is automatically printed when the “M+” key is pressed during a series of
weighings in order to transfer the first measured weight to the statistical system.The header
can also be printed separately by pressing the “Header” function key.
Printing single values
The same additional settings for the statistics are available in this submenu as for the
header (“Plausibility”,“Max n”,“Nom.,+Tol,-Tol”).
Factory setting:
“Net” (net weight value for the current weighing operation),
i.e. no specific information is activated for the statistics.
A single value is printed automatically when the “M+” function key is pressed during series
weighing. A single value can also be printed separately by pressing the «F» key.
Printing the result
The second and third page of this submenu can be used to define which additional
statistical information is to be included in the printed results record:
“Max n”:
Defined maximum number of samples in the series.
“Nom., +/-Tol”:
Defined nominal weight and tolerances.
“>Tol+, <Tol-”:
Number of samples outside the upper and lower tolerance
range.
“n”:
Number of samples weighed in.
“x”:
Mean weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as an absolute and percentage value.
Note: These two values are only printed if the statistics contain
at least 3 values, otherwise horizontal dashes appear in place
of the values.
“Min, Max, Diff.”:
The smallest and largest recorded weight value in the current
measurement series and the difference between the smallest
and largest weight value.
“Sum”:
Total weight of all saved individual weighings.
Factory setting:
“n”,“x”,“s” and “s.rel” are activated (in this order).
The printed results record is printed by pressing the «F» key when the result window is
open. If a specific number of samples is defined for a series weighing (“Max n”), the printed
results record is printed automatically as soon as the weight value of the last sample has
been transferred to the statistics.
A sample printout with statistical values can be found in section 6.4.3.
The “Statistics” application
68
6.3.6
Activating additive mode
Additive mode can be switched on or off in this menu, which is only available in the “Statistics” application. During series weighing in
additive mode, the samples do not have to be removed from the weighing pan.
6.3.7
“On”:
Additive mode is switched on. Following manual or automatic
transfer of a weighing result to the statistics, the balance is
automatically tared.The next sample can be weighed in without
removing the previous sample from the weighing pan.
“Off”:
Additive mode is switched off.
Factory setting:
“Off”.
Defining plausibility limits
The plausibility check is a safeguard to prevent incorrect values being transferred to the statistics. The percentage limit for plausible
weighing results can be defined in this menu.
Enter the limit for plausible values.The percentage entry is based on the defined nominal
value. If no nominal value is defined, the limit is based on the mean value of the previously weighed in samples in a weighing series. Example: For a plausibility limit of 30 %,
all weight values that deviate from the nominal or mean value by a maximum of ±30 %
are considered plausible and are transferred to the statistics. All other weight values are
ignored and are not transferred to the statistics.
Note: If you wish to weigh in to a nominal value and define tolerances (section 6.4.2),
make sure that the limit for plausible weight values is greater than the selected tolerances, otherwise values could be omitted from the statistics even though they are within
the tolerance range.
Factory setting:
6.3.8
“30 %”.
Settings for the LV11 automatic feeder
If you are working with the LV11 automatic feeder from METTLER TOLEDO, you can define some settings for this peripheral device in this
menu. Note: If you connect an LV11 to your balance, configure the interface in the system settings accordingly (section 3.7).
“Feed Rate”:
Select the desired feed rate: “slow”, “normal”, “fast” or “very
fast”.
“Discharge Feeder”:
When the discharge function is activated (“On”) the feeder pot
of the LV11 is automatically emptied once the last sample in
a weighing series has been weighed in. Automatic discharge
is disabled when the setting is set to “Off”.
Factory setting:
“Off” (settings for the automatic feeder are inactive).
The “Statistics” application
69
6.4
Working with the “Statistics” application
This section describes how to work with the “Statistics” application. You can of course determine a tare, change the resolution of the
weighing result, work with IDs, etc.
These options were already described in the “Weighing” application (section 5.3) and are therefore not repeated here.
6.4.1
Statistical acquisition of series weighing values
Presettings
The minimum requirement for using the statistics (section 6.3.2) is that the 3 function
keys opposite must be activated.
In addition, we recommend that you activate both of the function keys opposite. They are
used to delete incorrect values (“CL Last”) and to define the number of samples to be
included in a weighing series (“Max n”).
A printer should be connected to your balance for optimum use of the statistical functions.
If no printer is connected, we recommend that you activate the four main information fields
for the statistics for your application (e.g.“n”,“x”,“s” and “Sum”, see section 6.3.3).
Note: If at the start of a series weighing you use a “free weighing unit” (section 5.2.7),
the weight unit can only be changed back again after the measurement series has been
completed.
Operating sequence
If the number of samples to be weighed in for a series is specified in advance, you can
press the “Max n” function key and enter the number of samples (1...999). After the last
sample is weighed in, the series is automatically closed, the statistics window is opened
and the printed results record is printed. Note: This function key is only active when the
statistics do not yet contain any measured values. Enter the value 0 (zero) for “Max n” to
set an unlimited series where you can weigh in up to 999 samples.
If you are working with a weighing container, place it on the pan and press the «H»
key to tare the balance (alternatively you can also work with the tare memories or use
the automatic tare function; these functions are described for the “Weighing” application
in section 5).
Place the first sample on the pan and press the “M+” function key to transfer the weight to
the statistics. As soon as the weight value becomes stable (horizontal dashes disappear),
the value is transferred to the statistics. The report header is printed out together with the
result (single value) of the current weighing operation (section 6.3.5).
Lift off the first sample. Note: If Additive Weighing has been activated (section 6.3.6), you
can leave the sample on the weighing pan, as the balance is tared automatically every
time a weight value is transferred to the statistics.
Place the other samples on the pan one after the other. Confirm each weighing with the
“M+” function key (not necessary when weight transfer is activated, see section 6.3.4).
Lift the sample off and tare the balance (not necessary when additive mode is activated,
see section 6.3.6). Each time a value is transferred to the statistics, it is printed automatically.
The “Statistics” application
70
Note
– If you press the “M+” function key when a weight change has not occurred, an error
message appears. This prevents the same sample from being measured twice.
– If a weight value is outside the plausibility limit (section 6.3.7), a corresponding error
message appears after the “M+” key is pressed, and the value cannot be transferred
to the statistics. If the automatic weight transfer is activated (section 6.3.4), no error
message appears, the value is not transferred to the statistics and will also not appear
in the statistics printout.
– If a weight is accidentally placed on the pan and the weighing result has been saved,
the last value can be deleted using the “CL Last” function key (only available if values
are already present in the memory, otherwise the key is grayed out and cannot be
pressed). The key is deactivated after a value is deleted and can only be used again
once the next value has been transferred to the statistics.
Once all the samples have been weighed in, press the “Result” function key (only available if values are present in the memory; otherwise the key is grayed out and cannot be
pressed).This pauses the measurement process and opens the results window (the series
can still be continued at any time). Note: If you specified the number of samples in the
series using the “Max n” function key before starting the weighing process, the results
window opens automatically after the last sample is weighed in and indicates that the
maximum number of samples has been reached.
The results window contains the results of the weighing series (the information selected
for printing the result is displayed, see section 6.3.5). Please refer to the notes in section
6.4.3 regarding the units, resolution and accuracy of displayed values.
If the results window contains several screen pages, two arrow keys appear at the bottom
of the screen, which can be used to access the individual pages. Press the «F» key to
print the printed results record.
A complete sample printout with all the statistical values can be found in section 6.4.3.
If you have definitely completed the measurement process and wish to clear the memory
in preparation for the next series, press the “CL Result” function key (a safety prompt is
displayed, which must be confirmed before the statistics are actually deleted). Note: If the
statistics contain no values, the key is inactive and will appear grayed out.
The “Statistics” application
71
6.4.2
Weighing to a nominal value
The “Statistics” application offers additional functions, which simplify weighing in to a defined Nominal value. These functions can be
used for both individual weighing and series weighing when using the statistics.
Presettings
The function keys opposite must be activated so that a nominal weight and the corresponding tolerances can be entered (section 6.3.2).To view the defined values in the display, the
information fields of the same name can also be activated, if necessary (section 6.3.3).
Operating sequence
Note: If values are already present in the statistics, the function keys for entering the
nominal weight and tolerances are inactive. If this is the case, the statistics must be deleted using the “CL Result” function key, before the nominal weight and the tolerances
can be defined.
Press the “Nominal” function key to enter the desired nominal weight.Type in the desired
nominal weight (if a weight that is already on the balance corresponds to the nominal
weight, this can be transferred directly by pressing the button with the balance icon).
Check the weighing unit, which is displayed to the right of the nominal value. When the
weighing unit is touched a selection box appears, which contains the available units.
Note: The units are not converted automatically, i.e. if you have entered a value in one
unit, this value remains the same even if the weighing unit is changed.
Once you have entered the value, press “OK” to activate the nominal weight.
The “+Tolerance” and “-Tolerance” function keys can be used to specify the precision to
be used for the weighing. The input window is the same as for the nominal value. Both
tolerance values are set to 2.5 % ex works. Instead of a percentage value, you can also
enter an absolute tolerance in any weighing unit. Once you have entered the relevant value,
press “OK” to activate the tolerance. Samples outside the tolerance range are specifically
marked (“>T” and “<T”) when the single values are printed.
Important: Make sure that the plausibility limit is greater than the defined tolerances:
Weight values that are within the tolerance range but exceed the plausibility limit cannot
be transferred to the statistics. If necessary, change the limit value for plausible weight
values (section 6.3.7).
As soon as the nominal value and tolerances have been entered, a graphic weighing-in
aid (“SmartTrac”) appears in the display with tolerance markers, which simplify weighing
in to the nominal value. You can roughly weigh in your samples until the lower tolerance
value is reached and then accurately dose, if necessary, up to the nominal value.
The “Statistics” application
72
6.4.3
Sample printout with statistical values
------ Statistics -----26.Feb 2005
16:40
User Name
User 2
Balance Type
XP6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Balance ID
Lab A/1
Balance is levelled
Plausibility
30 %
Nominal
24.20 g
+Tol
2.5 %
-Tol
2.5 %
1
24.21 g
2
24.67 g
3>T
24.91 g
4
24.18 g
n
4
x
24.493 g
s
0.357 g
s.rel
1.46 %
Min.
24.18 g
Max.
24.91 g
Diff
0.73 g
Sum
97.97 g
The illustration opposite shows a sample printout with statistical values.The values printed
in the header, as single values and as the result, depend on your individual record settings (section 6.3.5).
Only the statistical information included in the sample printout opposite is described
below. Notes on additional record information can be found in section 5.2.8:
“Plausibility”:
Defined limit value for the plausibility of weight values.
“Nominal”:
Defined nominal weight.
“+Tol”:
Defined plus tolerance.
“-Tol”:
Defined minus tolerance.
“1” ...“4”:
Individual weight values in the weighing series. In this example,
the third sample is outside the upper weight tolerance (>T).
“n”:
Number of samples weighed in.
“x”:
Mean weight of all samples.The value is printed in the current
display unit.The resolution of the printed value is 10 times higher
than that of the measured value with the highest resolution in
the measurement series.
“s”:
Standard deviation within the series.The value is printed in the
current display unit. The resolution of the printed value is 10
times higher than that of the measured value with the highest
resolution in the measurement series.
“s.rel”:
Relative standard deviation within the series (as a percentage).
The value is always printed to 2 decimal places.
“Min”:
Smallest recorded weight value in the current measurement
series.The number of decimal places and the unit correspond
to those that were visible when the measured value was transferred to the result display.
“Max”:
Largest recorded weight value in the current measurement
series.The number of decimal places and the unit correspond
to those that were visible when the measured value was transferred to the result display.
“Diff”:
Difference between the smallest and largest weight value in
the current measurement series. The value is printed in the
current display unit. The number of decimal places for the
printed value corresponds to that of the smallest or largest
weight value with the highest resolution.
“Sum”:
Total weight of all saved individual weighings. The value is
printed in the current display unit. The number of decimal
places corresponds to that of the measured value with the
highest resolution in the measurement series.
-----------------------Signature
........................
------------------------
Important information for interpreting printed results
The values “x” and “s” are calculated results, which are displayed at a higher resolution
than the single measured values. For smaller measurement series (fewer than approx.
10 measured values) and measurement series with small deviations, the significance of
the last decimal place cannot be guaranteed.
The “Statistics” application
73
6.4.4
Formulas used for calculating statistical values
Calculating the mean value and standard deviation
Terminology
xi = Individual measurement values of a measurement series of n measurement values i = 1...n
x = Mean value and s standard deviation of these measurement values
The formula for calculating the mean value is:
1 n
x
= ∑ xi
(1)
n
i =1
The usual formula for calculating standard deviation, as seen is the literature
(
)
2
1
s
=
∑ xi − x
n −1
(2)
is not suitable for numerical calculation, since the variance (individual value-mean value) can result in deletion in measurement series
that have very small deviations. Moreover, when this formula is used, each individual measurement value must be stored before the
standard deviation can be determined at the end.
The following formula is mathematically equivalent but significantly more stable numerically. It can be derived from (1) and (2) through
appropriate recasting.
s=
2
1  n 2 1  n  
−
x
x


∑ i
∑ i 
n − 1  i =1
n  i =1  
To use this formula for calculating the mean value and the standard deviation, you just need to store n,
∑x
i
and ∑ xi .
2
Standard deviation
Numerical stability can be improved even more by scaling the measurement value:
With ∆xi = xi − X 0, where X 0 (depending on the application) is either the first measurement value of a measurement series or the
nominal value of a measurement series, the result is:
2
1  n
1 n
 
2
s=
∑ (∆xi ) −  ∑ ∆xi  
n − 1  i =1
n  i =1
 
Mean value
The mean value is then calculated as follows:
1 n
x = X 0 + ∑ ∆xi
n i =1
Relative standard deviation
The relative standard deviation is calculated by means of the following formula:
s
s
100
percent
rel =
x
Number of digits in the results
Mean value and standard deviation are always expressed and displayed to one more decimal place than the corresponding individual
measurement values. When interpreting the results, keep in mind that the additional decimal place is not meaningful when it comes
to small measurement series (less than approx. 10 measurement values).
The same is also true of percentages (such as those used in expressing relative standard deviations), which are always shown to two
decimal places (for example, 13.45 percent). Here, too, the significance of the decimal places depends on the size of the background
data.
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7
The “Formulation” application
This section describes the “Formulation” application. You will find information here about the practical aspects of working with this
application and about its specific settings. Please note that all settings for the “Formulation” application are stored under the
active user profile. User-specific settings can thus be entered for this application. Therefore, make sure that you have selected
the desired user profile first.
7.1
Introduction to the “Formulation” application
The “Formulation” application can be used for weighing in components that are to be combined in a specific ratio. Databases are available for permanently storing all relevant parameters for formulae and components. The selected formula is processed automatically
in the formulation operation and the balance weighs in all components step by step. Naturally, it is also possible to “free formulate”
without using formulae from the database. The result can be printed in detail at the end of a formulation.
Many of the application-specific settings are identical to those of the“Weighing”application.However,additional settings and functions are
available for Formulation. This section describes in detail only the settings and functions that differ from the “Weighing” application.
7.2
Selecting the application
D
If the “Formulation” application is not already active, press the «D» key.Touch the application icon in the selection window.
The display opposite appears when the application is selected.The special function keys and
information fields for formulation are activated ex works. These and other settings can be
adapted to your requirements, according to the descriptions in the following sections.
Note: The two function keys for “Result” and “CL Result” are displayed in gray, since no
formulation has been carried out yet.
7.3
Settings for the “Formulation” application
A number of different specific settings are available for Formulation, and these can be used to adapt the application to your requirements.
7.3.1
Overview
E
The application-specific settings can be accessed via the «E» key.When this key is pressed,
the first of 4 menu pages is displayed.
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The setting options for the “Formulation” application are virtually identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section 5.2). Only
the settings that differ are described below. They apply to the following menus:
“Recipe”:
For defining recipes.
“Component”:
For defining components.
“Autom. Zeroing”:
Automatically zeroes when the tare container is removed.
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
Formulation.
“Info Field”:
Additional information fields are available
for Formulation.
“Protocol”:
Additional record information is available
for Formulation.
“Identification”:
Special ID names are defined ex works for
Formulation.
“Smart & ErgoSens”:
Special functions can be assigned to the
sensors for Formulation.
“AntiStatic Kit” (Model-dependent):
Settings for the optional antistatic kit (section 5.2.18)
Please remember that, unlike the “Weighing” application, no “Info Unit” is available. The specific settings for the “Formulation” application are described in detail in the following sections. Note: The menus for defining components and formulae are quite extensive and
are therefore described separately (sections 7.4 and 7.5).
7.3.2
Activating/deactivating automatic zeroing
In the “Autom. Zeroing” menu you can specify whether the display should automatically reset to zero when the tare container is removed.
“On”:
Automatic zeroing is activated. When the tare container is
removed, the display is automatically reset to zero if taring has
taken place and at least one component has been weighed.
“Off”:
Automatic zeroing deactivated.
Factory setting:
“Off” (automatic zeroing deactivated)
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7.3.3
Special function keys for Formulation
The following settings are available for Formulation in the function key menu:
“M+”:
Stores the net weight of the weighed in components and resets
the weight display to zero.
“Result”:
Opens the window with the results of the formulation.
“CL Result”:
Deletes the stored values of a formulation.
“CL Last”:
Deletes the last values of a formulation.
“Nominal”:
For specifying the nominal weight for the current component.
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
Defines the accuracy with which a component is to be weighed
in.
“Max n”:
For specifying the maximum number of samples to be
weighed.
All function keys not listed are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.2).
Factory setting:
7.3.4
“M+”,“Result” and “CL Result” are activated (in this order).
Special information fields for Formulation
The following settings for formulation are available on the first two pages of the menu for information fields:
“Comp. Weight”:
Current weight of a component.
“Nominal”:
Shows the nominal weight of the current component entered
via the function key of the same name.
“Net Tot.”:
Total net weight of all components that have been weighed
in.
“>T+” and “<T-”:
Number of components outside the upper/lower tolerance
range.
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
These information fields show the tolerances entered via the
function keys of the same name.
“Comp. Counter”:
Displays the current state of the component counter (number
of the current component).
“Recipe Name”:
Name of the current recipe.
“Recipe ID”:
Identification (ID1) of the current recipe.
“Comp. Name”:
Name of the current component.
“Comp. ID”:
Identification (ID2) of the current component.
“Lot ID”:
Lot ID (ID3) entered via the “ID” function key.
“Additional ID”:
Additional ID (ID4) entered via the “ID” function key.
Note: The names of the four IDs are specified ex works but can be changed (section
7.3.6).
All other information fields are identical to those of the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.4).
Factory setting:
“Recipe ID”, “Tare”, “Gross” and “Nominal” are activated (in
this order)
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7.3.5
Special record information for Formulation
The three submenus for defining the record header, printing single values and for the result
contain additional settings for the Formulation, which are described below.
Note: All other information fields are identical to those of the “Weighing” application
(section 5.2.8).
Record header
Additional settings for Formulation are available on the second page of this submenu:
“Recipe Name”:
Prints the name of the current formula.
“Recipe ID”:
Prints the identification (ID1) of the current formula.
“Nominal Tot.”:
Prints the sum of the nominal weight values of all components
of the current formula.
“Num. of Comp.”:
Prints the number of components of the current formula.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Formulation” is printed),“Date/Time”,“Balance
Type”,“Serial Numbers” and “Recipe ID (in this order).
The header is printed automatically when the “M+” function key is pressed during formulation to save the weight of the first component.
Printing single values
The following special settings are available in this submenu for the formulation:
“Recipe Name”:
Prints the name of the current formula.
“Recipe ID”:
Prints the identification (ID1) of the current formula.
“Nominal Tot.”:
Prints the sum of the nominal weight values of all components
of the current formula.
“Num. of Comp.”:
Prints the number of components of the current formula.
“Comp. ID”:
Prints the ID of the current component (ID2).
“Lot ID”:
Prints the lot ID (ID3) defined via the “ID” function key.
“Additional ID”:
Prints the additional ID (ID4) defined via the “ID” function
key.
“Comp. Name”:
Prints the name of the current component.
“Comp. Counter”:
Prints the current state of the component counter (number of
the current component).
“Nom.,+Tol,-Tol”:
Prints the defined nominal weight of the current component
and the defined tolerances.
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“Net %”:
Prints the weight of the current component as a % of the
nominal weight.
“Diff.”:
Prints the difference between the actual and nominal weight
of the current component.
“Diff. %”:
Prints the percentage deviation of the current component
between its actual weight and nominal weight.
Factory setting:
“Net”; no specific information is activated for the Formulation.
Note: The names of the four IDs are specified ex works but can be changed (section
7.3.6).
A single value is printed automatically when the “M+” function key is pressed during
formulation. A single value can also be printed separately by pressing the «F» key.
Printing the result
The second and third page of this submenu can be used to define which additional
formulation information is to be included in the printed results record:
“Recipe Name”:
Prints the name of the current formula.
“Recipe ID”:
Prints the identification (ID1) of the current formula.
“Nominal Tot.”:
Prints the sum of the nominal weight values of all components
of the current formula.
“Num. of Comp.”:
Prints the number of components of the current formula.
“Comp. Counter”:
Prints the current state of the component counter (number of
the current component).
“>Tol+, <Tol-”:
Prints the number of components that are outside the upper
or lower weight tolerance.
“Net Tot.”:
Prints the net total weight of all components weighed in.
Factory setting:
“Tare”,“Net Tot.”,“Gross”,“Signature”,“Dash Line” and “3 Blank
Lines” (in this order).
The results record is printed by pressing the «F» key when the results window is open, or
printed automatically once the last component of a formula has been transferred.
A sample printout for formulation can be found in section 7.6.5.
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79
7.3.6
Special identifications for Formulation
A maximum of 4 identifications, which should be available during formulation under the “ID” function key, can be activated and renamed
in this menu. In addition, two titles for the weighing records can be defined and printed in the weighing records.
The following names for the 4 identifications are defined ex works:
“ID1”
“ID2”
“ID3”
“ID4”
“Recipe ID”
“Comp. ID”
“Lot ID”
“Additional ID”
Individual identifications can be deactivated or their names can be customized (maximum
of 20 characters).The entered names also appear as the names of the relevant information
fields (section 7.3.4) and are included on the weighing printouts (section 7.3.5).
Factory setting:
“T1” and “T2” as the record titles
“ID1” activated, see above for name.
Note: The“Recipe ID”and“Comp.ID”are not required to automatically process predefined
formulae because they are transferred automatically from the formula or component
database. The other IDs can be activated should you want to enter additional IDs during
formulation. However, for free formulation (without using the database) the “Recipe ID”
and “Comp. ID” should be activated so that your formulae and components can be assigned a name.
7.3.7
Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for Formulation
Additional settings for formulation are available for SmartSens and ErgoSens sensors.
“Result” and “M+” emulate the function keys of the same name.“OK” emulates pressing
the button of the same name in the formulation dialog boxes (but not in the menus) to
confirm entries and actions.
Note: The settings “Recipe ID”,“Comp. ID”,“Lot ID” and “Additional ID” correspond to the
identifications ID1 ... ID4, which are also available in the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.17).
If one of the above settings is activated, the green “F” (Function) icon lights up below the
corresponding sensor in the status bar.
Factory setting Model-dependent:
Precision balances:
“Off” for all 4 sensors.
Analytical- and
Micro balances:
SmartSens left and right configured for draft shield (doors) operation.“Off” for both ErgoSens.
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80
7.4
Defining components
Each formula consists of one or more components, which must be defined before the formulation. Your balance contains a component
database, in which up to 100 components can be stored. This section describes how to define components. Note: The component
database is independent of the user profile. There is only one component database available for all users.
Press the «E» key and select the menu for defining components (on the first menu page).
The first page of the component database appears. The database comprises a total of
20 pages with 5 components on each. The arrow keys can be used to switch between
the individual pages. Each of the 100 components can be selected directly by pressing
the “Go to” button and entering the component number. In the illustration opposite, the
database does not yet contain any entries.
Touch the component that you would like to define.
Each component consists of a name and an identification (ID).When the corresponding
button is touched, an alphanumeric input field opens in which the name and identification
can be defined (maximum of 20 characters each).The firmware checks the plausibility of
the entries: an error message appears if you try to enter a name or an ID that is already
being used by another component. Note: In practice, the ID is often entered using a bar
code reader.This ensures that the component has a unique reference to the relevant product. The common name of the relevant product can be used as the name. In the example
opposite, a name and an ID have already been defined for component no. 1.
The example opposite shows the first page of the component database with the first five
components.
Note: The contents of the component database can be printed at any time by pressing
the «F» key (the numbers of the components and their names are printed).
Note: To later change a component that has already been defined, please refer to the
information in section 7.7.
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7.5
Defining and activating formulae
Your balance contains a formula database in which a maximum of 8 formulae can be stored, with up to 12 components for each formula.
To define formulae completely, the corresponding components must be available in the component database (section 7.4).This section
describes how to define formulae (to later change a formula that has already been defined, please refer to the information in section
7.7). Note: The formula database is independent of the user profile. There is only one formula database available for all users.
Press the «E» key and select the menu for defining formulae (on the first menu page).The
first page of the formula menu appears. The balance contains no formula data ex works;
therefore, all formulae are deactivated (“Off”).
Touch the button for the formula that you would like to define (e.g., Formula No. 2).
First, you must define which type of formula you would like to create:
“Fix Component”:
Absolute nominal weights are defined for the individual components.
“% Component”:
Relative (percentage) nominal values are defined for the
individual components, either in relation to the final weight or
the first component.
Activate the desired type of formula and then press the corresponding “Define” button.The
procedure for defining a formula varies, depending on the type of formula.This procedure
is therefore explained below in two separate sections.
7.5.1
Formulae with “Fixed Components” (absolute nominal weights)
Each formula is stored under a name. It is therefore essential to enter a name. The definition of an identification (ID) is only required if the “Security check” is used (see below)
or if the ID is to be listed on the weighing records. When the corresponding button is
touched, an alphanumeric input field opens, in which the name and identification can be
defined (maximum of 20 characters each). In the example opposite, a name and an ID
have already been defined for Formula No. 2. Note: The firmware checks the plausibility
of the entries: An error message appears if you try to enter a name or an ID that is already
being used by another formula.
The “Security Check” is switched off ex works. If the “Security Check” is switched on,
the formula ID (and the component IDs) must be entered for each formulation and the
formulation operation is only carried out if the IDs correspond to the formula specifications.
This ensures that the user is working with the correct formula and the correct components
are weighed in.
The procedure for formulation can be defined in the “Procedure” menu:
“1 Tare”:
All components are weighed in in 1 container.Taring is only required at the beginning of the formulation (factory setting).
“n Tare”:
Each component is weighed in in its own container. Taring is
carried out before each initial weighing.
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82
Menu pages 2 to 4 can be used to select components, which are to be part of the current
formula and to define specifications for their processing. All components are deactivated
ex works (“Off”).
Touch the button for the component that you would like to include in the formula.A window
appears in which the component can be activated. Press the “Define” button to define
the specifications for processing the component.
In this menu window, first select the desired component from the component database
and then define its nominal weight and the permissible tolerances.
To select the component, press the button next to the component name or component ID.
In both cases,the component database opens and the desired component can be selected
by touching it. In the example opposite, a component has already been selected.
Then define the “Component Weight” (nominal weight) and the permissible tolerances
for the component (in % or in a weight unit).
Select other components for the current formula and define the specifications for their
processing. The balance is now ready to process the formula.
7.5.2
Formulae with “% components” (relative nominal value)
The definition of formulae with components with relative nominal values differs only slightly from the definition of formulae with “absolute components”.
The entry of the formula name and ID and the setting for the “Security Check” are identical (section 7.5.1).
In addition, the “Basis” for weighing in components must be defined:
“Total Weight”:
The percentage nominal value of each component refers
to the total weight (final weight) of the formula. The desired
final weight must first be entered during the formulation and
then the nominal weights of the individual components are
calculated automatically as a percentage of this weight. This
is the factory setting.
“Comp. 1 Weight”:
The nominal weight of the first component must be entered
during formulation.This weight corresponds to the percentage
value that is specified in the formula definition. The nominal
weights of the other components are then calculated automatically in relation to the first component. Example of a formula
with 2 components: Define a percentage of 75 % for the first
component and a percentage of 40 % for the second component. Enter a nominal weight of 100 g for the first component
during formulation. The balance calculates a nominal weight
of 53.33 g (100 g/75 % • 40 % = 53.33 g) for the second
component.
Note: No formulation procedure can be selected for formulae with relative component
nominal values because all components must always be weighed in in 1 container.
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83
When defining specifications for the individual components, a percentage nominal value
must be entered instead of an absolute nominal weight (depending on the selected“Basis”,
this refers to either the total weight of the formula or the first component).
The remaining settings and specifications for the components are identical to those for
formulae with “absolute components”.
Important note for formulae with percentage nominal values, which refer to the total
weight: The balance does not check whether the sum of all component percentages is
100 %. If this sum is above or below 100 %, the defined percentages and the nominal
weights to be weighed in are adapted automatically during the formulation operation, as
shown in the example below:
Specifications:
Nominal value Component 1: 80 %, nominal value Component 2: 40 %, final weight:
100 g
Automatic calculation of the nominal weights to be weighed in:
Component 1: 80 % / 120 % • 100 g = 66.67 g
Component 2: 40 % / 120 % • 100 g = 33.33 g
7.5.3
Printing the formula definitions
When you are in the menu for defining a specific formula, you can print the settings and specifications for the current formula at any
time by pressing the «F» key.
The following examples show (from left to right) one sample printout for a formula with absolute nominal weights, one with relative
nominal values in relation to the total weight and one with relative nominal values in relation to the first component.
Recipe 2
Fix Component
Name
Eraphtene
ID
ERA-1
Security Check
Off
Procedure
1 Tare
Component 1
Name
Renith 80 o/o
ID
R80
Component Weight
24.16 g
+Tolerance
2.50 %
-Tolerance
2.50 %
Component 2
Name
Lorine-BR
ID
LBR
Component Weight
16.45 g
+Tolerance
2.50 %
-Tolerance
2.50 %
Component 3
Name
Alcohol 90 o/o
ID
Alco 90
Component Weight
77.00 g
+Tolerance
2.50 %
-Tolerance
2.50 %
Recipe 3
% Component
Name
Iorex-MP
ID
IORX
Security Check
Off
Basis
Total weight
Component 1
Name
UM Powder A
ID
UPA
Component %
22.6 %
+Tolerance
2.00 %
-Tolerance
2.00 %
Component 2
Name
UM Powder B
ID
UPB
Component %
77.4 %
+Tolerance
3.00 %
-Tolerance
3.00 %
Recipe 4
% Component
Name
Meranit-411
ID
ME-411
Security Check
Off
Basis
1. Comp. Weight
Component 1
Name
RF Subst. A
ID
RF-A
Component %
75.0 %
+Tolerance
2.50 %
-Tolerance
2.50 %
Component 2
Name
Sirine Liq. 16
ID
SI-LIQ
Component %
40.0 %
+Tolerance
1.50 %
-Tolerance
1.00 %
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84
7.6
Working with the “Formulation” application
This section describes how to work with the “Formulation” application and print the results.
7.6.1
Presettings
The minimum requirement for each formulation is that the 3 function keys “M+”,“Result”
and “CL Result” must be activated (section 7.3.3).
Other function keys must be activated depending on the type of formulation:
For free formulation without using formulae from the database, the “Nominal”,“+Tolerance” and “-Tolerance” function keys must also be activated. The corresponding values
can be entered using these keys.
For free formulation, the “ID” function key should be activated so that your formulae and
components can be assigned the desired names. It can also be useful to activate this
function key for automatic formula processing if you want to assign another one or two
custom IDs to your components in addition to the preset IDs (e.g., a lot ID).
If you want to work with components from the component database during free formulation, the “CompDB” function key, which is used to call components from the database,
must also be activated.
To automatically process formulae from the database, the “Recipe” function key, which
is used to call up formulae, must be activated.
Regardless of the type of formulation, we recommend that the “Abs/Diff” function key is
activated.This key can be used at any time to switch the weight display between the quantity
of a component already weighed in and the remaining quantity to be weighed in.
The most important information fields for your application should also be activated
(e.g., “Recipe Name”, “Comp. Name”, “Nominal” and “Comp. ID” for automatic formula
processing, see section 7.3.4).
A printer should be connected to your balance for printing formulations.
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85
7.6.2
Free formulation (formulation without using the formula database)
It is assumed that the required function keys and information fields are activated (section 7.6.1).
If you are working with a weighing container, place it on the balance and press the «H»
key to tare the balance.
Press the “ID” function key and enter the desired name for the formula (if ID2, ID3 and ID4
are also activated, additional names can be entered, e.g. for the first component, etc.).
Note: If you would like to use one or more components from the component database
for free formulation, the “CompDB” function key must be activated. This function key can
be used to directly access the component database and select the desired component.
In this case, there is no need to enter a component ID, as it will be transferred directly
from the database.
If you wish to weigh in to a nominal value, press the “Nominal” function key and specify
the nominal weight of the first component.
Note: If you have switched to the display of the remaining quantity (difference) using
the “Abs/Diff” function key before entering the nominal weight, this weight appears as a
negative value in the display (weighing in towards zero).
If you are working with tolerances, enter the corresponding values via the “+Tolerance”
and “-Tolerance” function keys (samples outside the tolerance range are marked with
“>T” and “<T” when the single values are printed).
As soon as the nominal weight and tolerances of the first component have been entered,
a graphic weighing-in aid (“SmartTrac”) appears with tolerance markers, which simplify
weighing in to the nominal value.
Weigh in the first component.
Note: The “Abs/Diff” function key can be used at any time to switch the weight display
between the quantity of a component already weighed in and the remaining quantity to
be weighed in.
When the nominal weight is reached or the weight is within the tolerances, press the “M+”
function key to save the value (first check the weight value again, as the balance does
not check whether the weighed-in weight agrees with the nominal weight).The report
header is printed out together with the result (single value) of the current component.
The balance is now ready for weighing in the second component. If you want to weigh
in the second component in a new weighing container, place the container on the balance and tare the balance. If you want to weigh in the second component in the same
container, taring is not required.
Enter the nominal weight and the tolerances. Weigh in the components and save the
result using the “M+” function key.
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86
Weigh in the other components as described above.Each time“M+”is pressed,the recorded
single value is printed automatically according to your specifications (section 7.3.5).
Once all the components of the formula have been weighed in, press the “Result” function key. (This is only available if values are present in the memory. Otherwise, the key is
grayed out and cannot be pressed.) After the “Result” function key has been pressed, the
results of the formulation appear in the display (the information selected for printing the
result is displayed, see section 7.3.5).
The result of the formulation can be printed and the formula record closed by pressing
the «F» key. A complete sample printout can be found in section 7.6.5.
If you have completed the formulation and wish to clear the memory in preparation for
the next formulation, press the “CL Result” function key (a safety prompt is displayed,
which must be confirmed before the data is actually deleted).
7.6.3
Automatic formula processing with “Fix Components” (absolute nominal weights)
It is assumed that the relevant formula has already been defined (section 7.5.1) and the required function keys and information fields
are activated.
Press the “Recipe” function key and select the desired formula from the formula database.
Formula processing starts as soon as the formula is called up. Note: If the “Recipe” function key is displayed in gray, a new formula cannot be selected, as another formulation is
being processed. If this is the case, press the “CL Result” function key to end the current
formulation.
You will be prompted to tare the balance. Place the weighing container on the balance
and press the «H» key.
The balance is now ready for weighing in the first component, whose name, nominal value
and ID are displayed in the corresponding information fields.Weigh in the first component.
Note the graphic weighing-in aid (“SmartTrac”) with tolerance markers, which simplify
weighing in to the nominal value. Observe this display carefully because the balance
does not check whether the weighed-in weight agrees with the nominal weight. In
the example opposite, the component has not yet fully reached the nominal weight but
is already within the tolerances.
Note: The “Abs/Diff” function key can be used at any time to switch the weight display
between the quantity of a component already weighed in and the remaining quantity to
be weighed in.
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87
When the nominal weight is reached or the weight is within the tolerances, press the “M+”
function key to save the value. The report header is printed out together with the single
value of the current component (section 7.3.5). Note: After the first component has been
weighed in, the “Result” function key can also be selected and used at any time to open
the results window and to access information on the current state of formulation.
The balance is now ready for weighing in the second component.
Note: If the formula definition specifies that each component should be weighed in in its
own container, (section 7.5.1), you will be prompted to place the new weighing container
on the balance and press the «H» key before weighing in the second component. If,
according to the formula definition, all components should be weighed in in the same
container, this taring is not required. If automatic zeroing has been activated (section
7.3.2), when the tare container is removed the display is automatically reset to zero.
Weigh in the other components as described above.Each time“M+”is pressed,the recorded
single value is saved and printed automatically, according to your specifications.
Once all the components of the formula have been weighed in, the window with the results
of the formulation appears automatically (the information selected for printing the result
is displayed, see section 7.3.5).The formula record is closed simultaneously (a complete
sample printout can be found in section 7.6.5).
If you have completed the formulation (or cancelled it before completion) and wish to
clear the memory in preparation for the next formulation, press the “CL Result” function
key (a safety prompt is displayed, which must be confirmed before the data is actually
deleted). Note: A new formulation cannot be processed until the “CL Result” function
key has been pressed.
Important note
– It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the weighed-in weights are within the
defined tolerances. The balance does not check this. If an incorrect weight value is
transferred via the “M+” function key, the result of the formulation will also be incorrect.
– As soon as a formula has been called up, neither the identification of the formula
(“Recipe ID”) nor the identification of the components (“Comp. ID”) can be changed,
as they are part of the relevant formula or component definition in the databases.
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88
7.6.4
Automatic formula processing with “% Components” (relative nominal values)
Automatic formula processing with “% Components” is basically identical to formula processing with “Fix Components”. Therefore, the
procedure is only described in brief below.
Depending on the basis for weighing in components, which is specified in the formula
definition (section 7.5.2), when the formula is called up you will first be prompted to enter
the desired final weight of the formula or the nominal weight of the first component.
Enter the required value.
The example opposite shows the prompt for entering the final weight.
Once the final weight (or the nominal weight of the first component) has been entered,
you are prompted to tare the balance. Place the weighing container on the balance, press
the «H» key and the balance is then ready for weighing in the first component. The
nominal weight is displayed in the “Nominal” information field and the SmartTrac supports
you when weighing in the nominal weight.
Weigh in the first component. The “Abs/Diff” function key can also be used to switch the
weight display between the quantity of a component already weighed in and the remaining quantity to be weighed in. When the nominal weight is reached or the weight is within
the tolerances, press the “M+” function key to save the value.
Weigh in the other components. Once the last component has been weighed in, the results
window appears automatically and the formula record is closed.
The “Formulation” application
89
7.6.5
Sample printout of a formulation
----- Formulation -----20.Jan 2004
16:09
User Name
User 3
Recipe
Iorex-MP
Recipe ID
IORX
Num. of Comp.
2
Nominal Tot
84.30 g
Comp. ID
UPA
Comp
1/2
Nominal
19.22 g
+Tol
0.38 g
-Tol
0.38 g
1
N
19.24 g
1
N
100.1 %
1 Diff
0.02 g
1 Diff
0.1 %
Comp. ID
UPB
Comp
2/2
Nominal
65.08 g
+Tol
1.95 g
-Tol
1.95 g
2
N
65.21 g
2
N
100.2 %
2 Diff
0.13 g
2 Diff
0.2 %
Net Tot
84.45 g
Signature
........................
------------------------
The figure opposite shows the sample printout of a formulation (the corresponding formula
definition can be found in section 7.5.3,“Formula 3”).
The values printed in the header, as single values and as the result depend on your
individual record settings (section 7.3.5).
Only specific information for the formulation is explained below. Notes on additional record
information can be found in section 5.2.8:
“Recipe”:
Name of the formula.
“Recipe ID”:
Identification of the formula (“ID1”).
“Comp.”:
Prints the number of components of the current formula.
“Nominal Tot.“:
Sum of the nominal weight values of all components.
“Comp. ID”:
Defined name of the component (“ID2”).
“Num. of Comp.”:
Status of the component counter (current comp./number of
comp.).
“Nominal”:
Nominal weight of the component.
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
Defined tolerances for a component.
“N” [g]:
Weight of the relevant component.
“N” [%]:
Weight of the relevant component as a % of the nominal
weight.
“Diff.” [g]:
Difference between the actual and nominal weight of the
relevant component.
“Diff.” [%]:
Percentage deviation of the actual weight of the relevant
component from its nominal weight.
“Net Tot”:
Net total weight of all components.
The “Formulation” application
90
7.7
Notes on changing existing components and formulae
It is possible to change the definition of stored formulae and components. The following rules apply for this:
– When a formula is being processed, neither stored formulae nor components can be
changed.
– If you want to change a component that is part of a formula, the error message opposite
appears. Should you still wish to change the component, it must first be deactivated
in all corresponding formulae. If you would like to include the component in the corresponding formulae again after modification, it must be explicitly selected from the
component database, activated in the formula, and the nominal value and tolerances
must be re-entered. We recommend that formula names and IDs are changed in all
cases. This avoids confusion with earlier formulations, which have been carried out
using the old definition of the corresponding formula.
– To remove a component from the database, simply delete its name or ID. However, this
is only possible if the component is not part of a formula (see above).
– Formulae cannot be deleted from the database. If a formula is no longer required,
deactivate it. The only way to permanently remove a formula from the database if it is
no longer required is to overwrite it with a new one.
The “Piece Counting” application
91
8
The “Piece Counting” application
This section describes the “Piece Counting” application. You will find here information on how to work with this application and on
the relevant setting options. Please note that all settings for the “Piece Counting” application are stored under the active user
profile. User-specific settings can thus be entered for this application.Therefore, make sure that you have selected the desired
user profile first.
8.1
Introduction to the “Piece Counting” application
The “Piece Counting" application allows you to count pieces. The application provides several different methods for determining the
reference piece weight.
Many of the application-specific settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, additional application-specific
function settings are available for Piece Counting. In the following description, only those settings are described in detail which differ
from the “Weighing” application.
Note: If you use the “Piece Counting” function in conjunction with the METTLER TOLEDO LC-I/O relay interface, please note the information provided in the “Solution Guide”, which is available on the Internet (www.mt.com).
8.2
Selecting the application
D
If the “Piece Counting” application is not already active, press the «D» key. Touch the
application icon in the selection window.
The display opposite appears when the application is selected. Some of the special function keys, as well as a special information field for piece counting, are activated ex works.
The function keys and other settings can be adapted to your requirements, according to
the descriptions in the following sections.
8.3
Settings for the “Piece Counting” application
A number of different specific settings are available for piece counting, and these can be used to adapt the application to your requirements.
8.3.1
Overview
E
The application-specific settings can be accessed via the «E» key.When this key is pressed,
the first of 4 menu pages is displayed.
The “Piece Counting” application
92
The setting options for the “Piece Counting” application are virtually identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section 5.2). Only
the settings that differ are described below. They apply to the following menus:
“FixPcs”:
Allows you to specify a fixed reference
piece number.
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for
piece counting.
“Info Field”:
Additional information fields are available
for piece counting.
“Autom. Weight Transfer”:
This setting can be used to automatically
calculate total piece counts.
“Display Unit” and “Info Unit”:
The “PCS” unit is also available for piece
counting.
“Protocol”:
Additional record information is available
for piece counting.
“Smart & ErgoSens”:
Special functions can be assigned to the
sensors for piece counting.
Keep in mind that, unlike the “Weighing” application, you can specify only one free unit. The “MinWeigh” function is also not available.
The specific settings for the “Piece Counting” application are described in detail in the following sections.
8.3.2
Specifying the fixed reference piece number
This menu can be used to assign a fixed reference piece number to the “FixPcs” function
key (section 8.3.3). After pressing the corresponding button, an input window appears in
which you can define the desired reference piece number.
Each time the “FixPcs” function key is pressed during a piece count, the weight in the
weighing pan is divided by the specified fixed reference piece number. This determines
the reference piece weight, which serves as the basis for the piece counting.
Note: The “FixPcs” function key is marked “Fix n” where “n” is the reference piece count
selected here. Example:“Fix 10”.
Factory setting:
10 PCS.
The “Piece Counting” application
93
8.3.3
Special Function Keys for piece counting
The following settings are available for piece counting on the first two pages of the function key menu:
“FixPcs”:
Determines the Reference piece weight using a specified
number of fixed pieces (section 8.4.1).
“VarPcs”:
Allows free selection of the Reference piece count (section
8.4.1).
“PcsWgt”:
Allows input of the known weight of a reference piece.
“Ref.Opt”:
Carries out a reference optimization (section 8.4.4).
“M+”:
Transfers the current piece count to the memory (section
8.4.2).
“Result”:
Opens the results window (section 8.4.2).
“CL Result”:
Deletes the stored values of a series of piece counts (section
8.4.2).
“CL Last”:
Deletes the most recently saved piece count (section 8.4.2).
“Nominal”:
Specifies the desired nominal piece count (section 8.4.3).
The nominal piece count is also used as the reference for the
tolerances (described below).
“Abs/Diff”:
Switches the weight display between the piece count that
has already been weighed in and the number of pieces to be
weighed in before the nominal piece count is reached (section
8.4.2).
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
Defines the precision (tolerances) for piece counting (section
8.4.3).
“Max n”:
Specifies the maximum number of piece counts in a series
(section 8.4.2).
All other function keys are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.2).
Factory setting:
8.3.4
“PcsWgt”, “FixPcs”, “VarPcs” and “Nominal” are activated (in
this order).
Special information fields for piece counting
The following settings for piece counting are available on the first two pages of the menu
for information fields:
“RefPcs”:
Selected reference piece number.
“PcsWgt”:
Reference piece weight.
“n”:
Number of implemented and stored piece counting processes
in a series.
“x”:
Average piece of all counting process in a series.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation in a series of piece counts as an absolute
or percentual value.
“Sum”:
Total piece count of all counting processes in a series.
“>T+” and “<T-”:
Number of implemented counting processes outside the upper
or lower tolerances.
The “Piece Counting” application
94
“Min” and “Max”:
Smallest and largest recorded piece counts in a series of piece
counts.
“Diff”:
Difference between the largest and smallest piece counts in
a series of piece counts.
“Nominal”:
Shows the nominal piece count entered via the function key
of the same name.
“+Tol” and “-Tol”:
These information fields show the tolerances entered via the
function keys of the same name.
All other information fields are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.4).
Factory setting:
8.3.5
“PcsWgt” is activated.
Specifications for automatic weight transfer
This menu option can be used to specify whether and under which conditions the balance is to automatically transfer a stable weight
value to the statistics (this prevents you from having to press the “M+” function key during series counting). Also, the piece count is not
automatically printed.
When you activate this function (“On”), press “Define” to define the criteria for automatic
weight transfer:
8.3.6
“Limit”:
This value defines the smallest modification (piece count
or weight, depending on the unit selected) required to trigger an automatic transfer of the measurement value to the
memory.
“Delay Time”:
As soon as the minimum weight change is reached, the “Delay
Time” starts. Once this time has elapsed, the weight value is
recorded and transferred to the statistics or transmitted via the
interface.
Factory setting:
“Off” (automatic transfer is deactivated).
Additional unit for piece counting
In addition to the common weighing units, the menus for the “Display Unit” and the “Info
Unit” also contain the “PCS” unit (provided that a reference piece weight was already
determined).
Note: The “PCS” unit does not have to be explicitly selected for piece counting, since the
display unit always switches to “PCS” automatically when the reference piece weight is
being determined. The desired unit can be selected at any time after the reference piece
weight is determined (unless a value has already been transferred to the memory during
a series of piece counts; in this case, switching between “PCS” and the other weighing
units is not possible until the results have been cleared).
Factory setting:
“g” (gram) for “Display Unit” and “Info Unit”.
The “Piece Counting” application
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8.3.7
Special printout information for piece counting
The three submenus for defining the record header, printing individual values and for the
result contain additional settings for piece counting, which are described below.
Note: The other available record information is the same as for the “Weighing” application
(section 5.2.8) and is not described here.
Record header
Additional settings for piece counting are available on the second page of this submenu:
“Max n”:
The defined maximum number of piece counts in a series is
printed.
“Nom.,+Tol,-Tol”:
The defined nominal piece number and the selected tolerances
are printed.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Piece Counting” is printed),“Date/Time”,“Balance Type” and “Serial Numbers” (in this order); no specific
information is activated for piece counting.
The header is printed automatically when the “M+” key is pressed during a series of piece
counts to store the first count value.The header can also be printed separately by pressing
the “Header” function key.
Printing single values
The following special settings are available for piece counting on the first and second
pages of this submenu:
“Nom.,+Tol,-Tol”:
The defined nominal piece number and the selected tolerances
are printed.
“RefPcs”:
The selected reference piece number is printed.
“PcsWgt”:
The recorded reference piece weight is printed.
“NetPcs”:
The recorded net piece number is printed.
“Net”:
The recorded net value in the current display unit is printed
and an item counter is placed in front of the value.
Factory setting:
“ID1”, “Nom.,+Tol,-Tol”, “Net” and “NetPcs” (in this order).
A single value is printed automatically when the “M+” function
key is pressed during series counts. A single value can also be
printed separately by pressing the «F» button (in which case
no item counter is placed in front of the net value).
The “Piece Counting” application
96
Printing the result
The second and third page of this submenu can be used to define which additional
information for piece counting is to be included in the printed results record:
“Max n”:
Defined maximum number of piece counts in the series.
“Nom.,+Tol,-Tol”:
Defined nominal piece count and selected tolerances.
“>Tol+, <Tol-”:
Number of piece counts outside the upper and lower tolerance
range.
“n”:
Number of completed piece counts in a series.
“x”:
Average piece count of all counts in a series.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as an absolute and percentual value.
Note: These two values are printed only if the memory contains
at least 3 values. Otherwise, horizontal dashes appear in place
of the values.
“Min, Max, Diff.”:
Smallest and largest recorded piece count within the current
series of measurements,and the difference between the largest
and smallest piece count.
“Sum”:
Total of the values of all saved single measurements in the
current display unit.
“SumPcs”:
Total piece count of all saved single counts.
Factory setting:
“n”, “x”, “s”, “s.rel”, “Min, Max, Diff.”, “Sum” and “SumPcs”, as
well as “Signature” and “3 Blank Lines” are activated (in this
order).
The results record is printed by pressing the «F» key when the results window is open. If
a specific number of single counts is defined for a series of piece counts (“Max n”), the
results record is printed automatically as soon as the result of the last count has been
transferred to the statistics.
A sample printout for a piece count can be found in section 8.4.5.
8.3.8
Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for piece counting
Additional settings for piece counting are available for the SmartSens and ErgoSens sensors.
“FixPcs”,“Result” and “M+” emulate the function keys of the same name.“OK” emulates
pressing the button of the same name in the piece counting dialog boxes (but not in the
menus) to confirm entries and actions.
If one of the above settings is activated, the green “F” (Function) icon lights up below the
corresponding sensor in the status bar.
Factory setting:
Model-dependent
Precision balances:
“Off” for all 4 sensors.
Analytical – and
Micro balances:
SmartSens left and right configured for draft shield (doors)
operation.
“Off” for both ErgoSens..
The “Piece Counting” application
97
8.4
Working with the “Piece Counting” application
This section describes how to work with the “Piece Counting” application. You can of course determine a tare, change the resolution of
the weighing result, work with IDs, etc.
Since these possibilities are discussed in the section on the “Weighing” application (section 5.3), they will not be repeated here.
8.4.1
Simple piece counting
Presettings
To carry out a simple piece count, at least one of the 3 function keys shown opposite must
be activated (section 8.3.3) so that the reference can be determined.
We also recommend that the information fields “PcsWgt” (reference piece weight) and
“RefPcs” (reference piece number) be activated (section 8.3.4).
Determining the reference
Place the desired number of reference pieces on the weighing pan. The balance uses
these reference pieces to determine the average piece weight, which serves as the basis
for piece counting.
When you have placed exactly the same number of pieces on the weighing pan as the
number specified for the “FixPcs” function key (section 8.3.2), press this function key.
As soon as the weighing result is stable, the calculated average piece weight is accepted
as the reference. The information fields display the average piece weight (the number of
decimal places depends on the model) and the reference piece number.
If you have placed a different number of reference pieces on the weighing pan than the
number corresponding to the “FixPcs” key (e.g., 32 pieces), press the “VarPcs” (variable
piece number) function key. An input field appears, in which you can enter the number
of pieces.
After you confirm the number of pieces, the balance determines the reference.The information fields then display the reference piece number and the average piece weight.
If the piece weight is known, it can be entered directly. To do this, press the “PcsWgt”
function key. An input field appears, in which the piece weight can be entered in the
desired unit.
Since the balance does not have to determine a reference if this method is used, the result
of the piece counting (the number of pieces currently on the weighing pan) is displayed
right after the piece weight has been confirmed.
The information fields then display the reference piece weight that has been entered
and the reference piece number “1” (because the weight of one single piece has been
entered).
The “Piece Counting” application
98
Implementing the piece count
After the reference has been determined, place the pieces you wish to count on the weighing pan. The number of pieces determined appears in the results display.
Note: If you want to know the weight of the pieces in the weighing pan instead of the
number, touch the “PCS” unit and select the desired weighing unit.
The recorded single value can be printed using the «F» key. A sample printout can be
found in section 8.4.5.
8.4.2
Totaling piece counts and recording them statistically
Presettings
The minimum requirement for totaling and recording piece counts is that the 3 function
keys shown opposite be activated (section 8.3.3), as well as at least one of the function
keys for determining the reference (section 8.4.1).
In addition, we recommend that you activate both of the function keys opposite. They are
used to delete incorrect values (“CL Last”) and to define the number of piece counts to
be included in a series (“Max n”).
A printer should be connected to your balance for optimum use of the statistical functions.
If no printer is connected, we recommend that you activate the four main information fields
for the statistics for your application (e.g.,“n”,“x”,“Min” and “Max”, see section 8.3.4).
Operating sequence
If the number of piece counts for a series is specified in advance, you can press the“Max n”
function key and enter the number (1 ... 999). Upon completion of the final piece count,
the series is automatically closed, the results window is opened and the results record is
printed. Note: This function key is active only when the statistics do not yet contain any
measured values. Enter the value 0 (zero) for “Max n” to set an unlimited series where
you can record up to 999 piece counts.
If you are working with a weighing container, place it on the pan and press the «H»
key to tare the balance (alternatively you can also work with the tare memories or use
the automatic tare function; these functions are described for the “Weighing” application
in section 5).
Determine the reference using the desired method (fixed reference piece number, variable
reference piece number or enter the known piece weight, see section 8.4.1).
Carry out the first piece count and press the “M+” function key to transfer the weight to
the statistics. As soon as the result becomes stable (horizontal dashes disappear), the
value is transferred to the statistics. The report header is printed out together with the
result (single value) of the current piece count (section 8.3.7).
The “Piece Counting” application
99
Take the pieces from the first count out of the weighing pan. Carry out the series of piece
counts in sequence. Confirm each result using the“M+” function key, then lift off the pieces.
Each time a result is transferred to the statistics, it is printed automatically.
Note
– If you press the “M+” function key when a weight change has not occurred, an error message appears. This prevents you from accidentally recording the same result
twice.
– If the function for automatic weight transfer is active (section 8.3.5), there is no need
to press the “M+” key for recording a result, as the value is transferred to the statistics
automatically.
– If an incorrect piece count is saved by mistake, it can be removed from the statistics by
using the “CL Last” function key. But you can do this only for the most recently recorded
result.The “CL Last” function key is active only if there are values present in the memory.
Otherwise, the key is grayed out and cannot be pressed. The key is deactivated after a
result is deleted and can only be used again once the next result has been transferred
to the statistics.
Once all the piece counts of the series have been carried out, press the “Result” function
key. (This is only available if values are present in the memory. Otherwise, the key is grayed
out and cannot be pressed.) This pauses the piece count series and opens the results
window (the series can be continued at any time). Note: If you specified the number of
piece counts in the series using the “Max n” function key, the results window opens automatically after the last piece count is recorded and indicates that the maximum number
of piece counts has been reached.
The results window contains the results of the counting series (the information selected
for printing the result is displayed, see section 8.3.7). Please refer to the notes in section
8.4.5 regarding the units, resolution and accuracy of displayed values.
If the results window takes up several display pages, you can use the arrow keys to switch
back and forth between the pages. Press the «F» key to print the results record.
A complete sample printout with all the statistical values can be found in section 8.4.5.
If you have definitely completed the current piece count series and wish to clear the
memory in preparation for the next series, press the “CL Result” function key (a safety
prompt is displayed, which must be confirmed before the statistics are actually deleted).
Note: If the key is grayed out, the statistics do not contain any values.
The “Piece Counting” application
100
8.4.3
Counting to a nominal value
The “Piece Counting” application offers additional functions that simplify counting to a defined Nominal value. These functions can be
used for both single piece counts and series counts when using the statistics. The following description assumes that the reference for
the piece count has been determined already.
Presettings
The function keys shown at left must be activated so that a nominal weight and the
corresponding tolerances can be entered (section 8.3.3). To view the defined values in
the display, the information fields of the same name can also be activated, if necessary
(section 8.3.4).
We also recommend activating the“Abs/Diff” function key, so that you can switch between
the quantity already weighed in and the quantity that remains to be weighed until the
nominal value is reached.
Operating sequence
Note: If values are already present in the statistics, the function keys for entering the
nominal weight and tolerances are inactive. In this case the statistics must be deleted
using the “CL Result” function key before the nominal weight and the tolerances can
be defined.
Press the “Nominal” function key. Type in the desired value. Check the weighing unit,
which is shown to the right of the nominal value. When the weighing unit is touched a
selection box containing the available units, including “PCS” (Pieces), appears. Note: The
“PCS” unit is available only if a reference piece weight has been determined. The units
are not converted automatically; i.e., if a value is entered in one unit, this value remains
the same even if the weighing unit is changed.
Once the value is entered, press “OK” to activate the nominal value.
The “+Tolerance” and “-Tolerance” function keys can be used to specify the accuracy
with which you wish to count.The input window is the same as for the nominal value. Both
tolerance values are set to 2.5 % ex works. Instead of a percentage value, you can also
enter an absolute tolerance in any weighing unit (e.g.,“PCS”). Once the relevant value is
entered, press “OK” to activate the tolerance. Piece counts that are outside the tolerance
range are specifically marked (“>T” and “<T”) when the single values are printed.
As soon as the nominal value and tolerances have been entered, a graphic weighing-in
aid (“SmartTrac”) appears in the display with tolerance markers that simplify weighing
in to the nominal value: You can roughly weigh in your samples until the lower tolerance
value is reached and then accurately dose, if necessary, up to the nominal value.
The “Piece Counting” application
101
8.4.4
Reference optimizing
Reference optimizing improves the precision of piece counting results. The average piece weight (reference) is recalculated with each
reference optimization. Because the new pieces that have been placed in the weighing pan increase the basis for the calculation, the
reference, and therefore the result of the piece count, are more exact.
The “Ref.Opt” function key must be activated in order to use reference optimization (section 8.3.3).
Determine the reference using the desired method (fixed or variable reference piece number,
see section 8.4.1). A reference piece number of 10 is used in the example opposite.
Note: In this figure, the “Ref.Opt” function key is inactive and cannot be pressed, because
no more pieces were added after the reference was determined.
Proceed with the piece count, and place additional pieces on the weighing pan.To optimize
the reference, press the “Ref.Opt” function key. The number of pieces in the pan is now
used as the new reference piece number and the reference piece weight is recalculated
on this basis.
After reference optimization, the “Ref.Opt” key becomes inactive again until you add more
pieces to the pan. Reference optimization can be carried out any number of times, and
will only improve the precision of the reference and, therefore, the counting result.
Note
– Reference optimization is possible only if:
– the number of pieces placed in the weighing pan is larger than the reference
piece number.
– the number of pieces placed in the weighing pan (19 in this example) is not greater
than twice the most recently saved reference piece number (10 in this example).
– either the“fixed reference piece number” or“variable reference piece number” is
used as the method of determining the reference. Reference optimization is not possible when a known reference piece weight (“PcsWgt” function key) is entered.
– Reference optimization is possible with a piece counting series only before the result
of the first count is saved using the “M+” function key.The “Ref.Opt” key is then grayed
out and cannot be pressed, since the change in the basis of calculation (reference
piece weight) is not reliable in the middle of a running series.
The “Piece Counting” application
102
8.4.5
Sample printout of a piece count with statistical values
---- Piececounting ----26.Feb 2005
19:25
User Name
User 4
Balance Type
XP6002S
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1234567890
Nominal
110.00 PCS
+Tol
3 PCS
-Tol
1 PCS
Max n
3
1
110 PCS
NetPcs
110 PCS
RefPcs
10 PCS
PcsWgt
2.314 g
2
109 PCS
NetPcs
109 PCS
RefPcs
10 PCS
PcsWgt
2.314 g
3>T
114 PCS
NetPcs
114 PCS
RefPcs
10 PCS
PcsWgt
2.314 g
n
3
x
111.000 PCS
s
2.600 PCS
s.rel
2.34 %
Min
109 PCS
Max
114 PCS
Diff
5 PCS
Sum
333.00 PCS
SumPcs
333 PCS
>T+
1
<T0
Signature
........................
The figure opposite shows the sample printout of a piece count with statistical values.The
values printed in the header, as single values and as the result depend on your individual
print settings (section 8.3.7).
Only specific information for the piece count and the related statistical values are
explained in the sample printout opposite. Notes on additional printout information can
be found in section 5.2.8.
“Nominal”:
Defined nominal value (in this example, as a piece count).
“+Tol”:
Defined plus tolerance (in this example, as a piece count).
“-Tol”:
Defined minus tolerance (in this example, as a piece count).
“Max n”:
Defined number of piece counts in the series.
“1” ...“3”:
Consecutive numbers and net values of the individual piece
counts in the series. Note: The results are displayed in the
current display unit, which does not necessarily have to be
“PCS”.
“NetPcs”:
Recorded net piece count for the relevant piece count.
“RefPcs”:
Number of reference pieces for the relevant piece count.
“PcsWgt”:
Reference piece weight for the relevant piece count.
“n”:
Number of recorded piece counts.
“x”:
Average piece count of all recorded counts.
“s”:
Standard deviation within the series.
“s.rel”:
Relative standard deviation within the series (as a percentage).
The value is always printed to 2 decimal places.
“Min”:
Smallest recorded value in the current measurement series.
“Max”:
Largest recorded value in the current measurement series.
“Diff”:
Difference between the largest and smallest weight value in
the current measurement series.
“Sum”:
Total result of all saved single measurements.
“SumPcs”:
Total piece count (total result of all saved single counts in a
series).
“>T+”,“<T-”:
Number of piece counts in the series that are outside the
relevant tolerance limits (in this example, the result of the third
piece count exceeded the upper tolerance limit).
Note: The values for “x”, “s”,“Min”, “Max”, “Diff” and “Sum” are shown in the current
display area. It does not have to be strictly “PCS” (pieces).
Important information for interpreting printed results
The values “x” and “s” are calculated results, which are displayed at a higher resolution
than the single measured values. For smaller measurement series (< approx. 10 measured values) and measurement series with small deviations, the significance of the last
decimal place cannot be guaranteed. Notes on the formulae used for calculating these
values can be found in section 6.4.4.
The “Percent Weighing” application
103
9
The “Percent Weighing” application
In this section you will be introduced to the “Percent Weighing” application. You will find practical information about working with this
application and about the different settings. Please note that all settings for the “Percent Weighing” application are saved under
the active user profile, so each user can make their own settings for this application. Because of this, first make sure that you
have selected the desired user profile.
9.1
Introduction to the “Percent Weighing” application
The “Percent Weighing” application enables you to weigh to a specified value (100 %) and detect deviations from this target value.
Many of the application-dependent settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, additional settings are available to you for percent weighing. In the description that follows, only those settings are explained in detail which are different from the
“Weighing” application.
Note: If you use the “Percent Weighing” application in conjunction with the LC-I/O relay interface, please note the information provided
in the “Solution Guide”, which is available on the Internet (www.mt.com).
9.2
Selecting the Application
D
If “Percent Weighing” is not already active, first press the «D» key. In the selection window,
touch the symbol for the application.
After you have selected the application, the display shown at left appears. Some of the
special function keys and the special information fields for percent weighing are activated
at the factory. How you can adapt these and other settings to your needs is described in
the sections that follow.
9.3
Settings for the “Percent Weighing” application
For percent weighing you have various specific settings available which you can use to adapt the application to your needs.
9.3.1
Overview
E
The application-dependent settings can be accessed with the «E» key. When this key is
pressed, the first of 4 menu pages appears.
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104
With only a few exceptions, the settings available in the “Percent Weighing” application are identical to those of the “Weighing” application (section 5.2). Only the settings that are different are described below. These settings are contained in the following menus:
“Function Keys:
Additional function keys are available for
percent weighing.
“Info Fields”:
Additional information fields are available
for percent weighing.
“Display Unit” and “Info Unit”:
An additional unit“%”(percent) is available
for percent weighing.
“Reports”:
Additional information is available for percent weighing reports.
“Smart & ErgoSens”:
Special percent weighing functions can be
assigned to the sensors.
Please note that in contrast to the “Weighing” application, only one free unit can be
defined. Also, the “Minimum Weight” function is not available.
“AntiStatic Kit” (Model-dependent):
Settings for the optional antistatic kit (section 5.2.18)
In the following sections you will be given a detailed introduction to the specific settings for the “Percent Weighing” application.
9.3.2
Special Function Keys for Percent Weighing
The first page of the function key menu presents you with the following options for percent weighing:
“Set100%”:
You can use this function key to define the current weight value
as the reference (100 %) (section 9.4.1).
“VarRef%”:
You can use this function key to assign the weight value to a
variable reference (section 9.4.1).
“Nominal value”:
Specifies the desired target weight (section 9.4.2).This is also
used as reference for the tolerances (described below).
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
Specifies the accuracy (tolerances) for the percent weighing
(section 9.4.2).
All other function keys are the same as for the “Weighing” application (section 5.2.2).
Factory setting:
“Set100%” and “VarRef%” are activated (in this order).
The “Percent Weighing” application
105
9.3.3
Special Information Fields for Percent Weighing
On the first page of the menu for info fields the following settings for percent weighing
are available:
“Reference%:
Reference value percent.
“Reference”:
Absolute weight value of the reference.
“Target value”:
Displays the target which was input with this key.
“+Tol” and “–Tol”:
These information fields display the tolerances which were
input with this key.
All other information fields are the same as for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.4).
Factory setting:
9.3.4
“Reference%” and “Reference” activated.
Additional Unit for Percent Weighing
In the menu for the “Display Unit” and the “Info Unit”, in addition to the known weighing
units the unit “%” (percent) is available (provided that a reference has already been
determined).
Note: For percent weighing you do not need to explicitly select the “%” unit, since the
display unit is always switched over to“%” automatically when the reference is determined.
Afterwards, you can select the desired unit again whenever you want to.
Factory setting:
9.3.5
“g” (gram) for “display unit” and for “info unit”.
Special Information for Percent Weighing
In the three submenus where you can specify the options for the header line of the report,
for reporting the individual values, and for the footer line, you also have additional settings
available for percent weighing which are described below.
Note: All other information items in the report are the same as in the “Weighing” application (section 5.2.8) and are not described here.
The “Percent Weighing” application
106
Report Header Line
On the second page of this submenu there are additional settings for percent weighing:
“Ref%, Ref”:
Reports the reference in percent and as a weight value.
“Nom., +/–Tol”:
Reports the specified target value and the selected tolerances.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Percent Weighing” is printed out) and “date/
time” (in this order); no specific information items for percent
weighing are activated.
The header line is printed automatically if it is defined to be part of the weighing report
(see“Reporting Individual Values”).However,the header can also be printed out separately
by pressing the “Header line” function key.
Reporting Individual Values
On the first and second pages of this submenu, the following special settings for percent
weighing are available:
“Ref%, Ref”:
Reports the reference in percent and as a weight value.
“Nom., +/–Tol”:
Reports the specified target value and selected tolerances.
“Diff.”:
Reports the deviation from the target value as a weight
value.
“Diff. %”:
Reports the deviation from the target value in percent.
Factory setting:
“Net”; no specific information items for percent weighing are
activated.
The individual values are printed out by pressing the «F» key or, if the automatic print
function is activated, automatically (see section 5.2.5).
Report Footer Line
On the second page of this submenu you can specify which additional items of information for percent weighing should be printed out in the footer line of the weighing report
after the results (individual values):
“Ref%, Ref”:
Reports the reference in percent and as a weight value.
“Nom., +/–Tol”:
Reports the specified target value and selected tole­rances.
Factory setting:
“Signature”and“Blank Line”(in this order); no specific information items for percent weighing are activated.
To print the footer line, press the “Footer Line” function key.
You will find an example of a percent weighing in section 9.4.3.
The “Percent Weighing” application
107
9.3.6
Special Settings of SmartSens and ErgoSens for Percent Weighing
The SmartSens and ErgoSens sensors have special settings for percent weighing.
“VarRef%” and “Set100%” emulate the function keys with the same names.
If one of these settings is activated, the “F” (function) symbol lights up green in the status
line under the respective sensor.
9.4
Factory setting:
Model-dependent
Precision balances:
“Off” for all 4 sensors.
Analytical – and
Micro balances:
SmartSens left and right configured for draft shield (doors)
operation.
“Off” for both ErgoSens..
Working with the “Percent Weighing” Application
In this section you will learn how to work with the “Percent Weighing” application. This application also allows you to determine a tare,
change the resolution of the weighing result, work with identifications, etc. Since you have already learnt how to do these in the “Weighing” application (section 5.3) they are not explained again here.
9.4.1
Simple Percent Weighing
Preliminary Settings
Before you can perform a percent weighing, you must first activate at least one of the two
function keys shown at left (section 9.3.2) so that you can determine the reference.
The information fields“Reference%”(reference value in percent) and“Reference”(absolute
weight value of the reference) are both activated at the factory (section 9.3.3).
Determining the Reference
Place the reference weight on the weighing pan.
If the reference weight placed on the pan should equal 100 %, press the function
key for “Set100%”.
As soon as the weighing result is stable, the weight which is determined is saved as the
reference weight.
The results display and the “Reference%” information field display the reference value
(100 %), while the “Reference” information field displays the absolute weight of the
reference.
If, instead, you want to make the weight on the pan a variable reference, press the function key for “VarRef%”. An input field appears in which you can specify the percentage
value (e.g. 60 %) which the weight on the pan should represent.
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108
Performing the Percent Weighing
After you have determined the reference, place the weighing sample on the pan. The
weight of the weighing sample as a percentage of the reference weight appears in the
results display.
Note: If instead of the percentage weight you want to know the absolute weight of the
weighing sample, touch the “%” unit and select the desired weighing unit.
You can print out the result of the percent weighing with the «F» key. You will find an
example of a report in section 9.4.3.
9.4.2
Percent Weighing to a Target Value
The “Percent Weighing” application provides you with additional functions to make weighing to a specified target value easier. In the
description which follows, it is assumed that the reference for the percent weighing has already been determined.
Requirements
Before you can input a target value and the associated tolerances, the function keys
shown at left must be activated (section 9.3.2). If you want the specified values to be
shown in the display, you can also activate the information fields with the same name
(section 9.3.3).
Performing a Percent Weighing to a Target Value
Press the function key “Nominal”. Type in the desired target value (e.g. 130 %). Check
the weighing unit which is displayed to the right of the target value. Touching the weighing unit displays the available units, which include “%” (the “Percent” unit only becomes
available after the reference has been determined).
Note: The units are not converted automatically, so once you have input a value in a
particular unit, the value does not change even if you change the unit.
When you have input the value, press “OK” to activate the target value.
You can use the two function keys “+Tolerance” and “–Tolerance” to specify the accuracy
with which you want to weigh. The input window is similar to the one for the target value.
Both tolerance values are set to 2.5 % at the factory. Instead of a percentage value, you
can also enter a unit of your choice (e.g. “g”).When you have entered the respective value,
press“OK” to activate the tolerance. Percentage weighings which lie outside the tolerances
are specially marked in the report of individual values with “>T” or “<T”.
When you have input the target value and the tolerances, tolerance marks for the graphical
weighing aid (“SmartTrac”) appear in the display. The tolerance marks make weighing
to the target value easier for you. You can weigh your weighing sample roughly until the
lower tolerance value is reached, and then if necessary dispense finely until the target
value is reached.
The “Percent Weighing” application
109
9.4.3
Example of a percent weighing report
---- Percentweighing --28.Feb 2005
13:28
User Name
User 5
Reference%
100.00 %
Reference
27.05 g
Nominal
130 %
+Tol
2.50 %
-Tol
2.50 %
129.06 %
Diff.%
-0.94 %
Signature
........................
Shown at left is an example of a report for a percent weighing with target value and tolerances. The values which are reported in the header line, as individual values, and in the
footer line depend on your individual report settings (section 9.3.5).
Only those information items shown in the report which specifically relate to percent
weighing are explained below. You will find explanations of the other items in section
5.2.8).
“Reference%”:
Reference value in percent.
“Reference”:
Absolute weight value of the reference.
“Target value”:
Specified target value (in this example, in the unit %).
“+Tol”:
Specified plus tolerance (in this example, in the unit %).
“–Tol”:
Specified minus tolerance (in this example, in the unit %).
“129.06”:
Result of the weighing as % of the reference.
“Diff.%”:
Percentage deviation of the result from the target value.
The “Density” application
110
10 The “Density” application
In this section you will be introduced to the “Density” application. You will find practical information about working with this application and about the different settings. Please note that all settings for the “Density” application are saved under the active user
profile, so each user can make their own settings for this application. Because of this, first make sure that you have selected
the desired user profile.
10.1 Introduction to the “Density” application
The “Density” application enables you to determine the density of solid bodies, liquids, and pasty substances. Every sample can be given
an identification, and the built-in statistics functions allow statistical evaluation of measurement series. Determination of the density
uses Archimedes' principle according to which a body immersed in a fluid undergoes an apparent loss in weight which is equal to the
weight of the fluid it displaces.
To perform density determinations you can use the hanger for weighing below the balance which belongs to your balance. Note:
Balances with the M weighing platforms XP16001M and XP20001M, as well as all balances with the L weighing platform require the
hook 11132565 from the accessories line (see Operating Instructions – Part 1). However, to determine the density of solid bodies, we
recommend you to work with the optional density kit which contains all the attachments and aids needed for convenient and precise
density determination. The density kit is supplied with separate instructions which explain how to install and use it.
To determine the density of liquids, you additionally need a sinker which you can also obtain from your METTLER TOLEDO dealer.
Alternatively, the “Density” application also supports the use of a pycnometer for determining the density of liquids. Pycnometers can
be obtained from companies specializing in laboratory equipment. To determine the density of pasty substances a gamma sphere is
required; your dealer will be pleased to tell you where this can be obtained.
Please take note of the instructions which are supplied with these accessories; they contain useful information about working with the
aids as well as for their handling and care.
10.2 Selecting the Application
D
If the “Density” application is not already active, press the «D» key. In the selection window,
touch the symbol of the application.
When you have selected the application, the display shown at left appears. Special function keys and information fields for density determination are activated at the factory. The
balance is preset to use water as the auxiliary liquid for density determination. However,
you can change these settings according to your needs as described in the sections that
now follow.
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111
10.3 Settings for the “Density” application
For the determination of density, various specific settings are available which you can use to adapt the application to your requirements.
10.3.1 Overview
E
The application-dependent settings can be accessed with the «E» key.
Some of the settings for the “Density” application are identical to those for the “Weighing”
application (section 5.2). Only the settings which are different are described below.These
settings are contained in the following menus:
“Method”:
In this menu you can select the type of density determination.
“Auxiliary liquid”:
In this menu you can specify the auxiliary liquid you want to use.
“Statistics”:
In this menu you can activate or deactivate the statistics for the selected method.
“Results Output Format”:
In this menu you can specify how the result of the density determination should be calculated and displayed.
“Function Keys”:
Several special function keys for density determination are available.
“Info Field”:
Additional information fields for density determination are available.
“Protocol”:
Additional information about density determination is available for reports.
“Smart & ErgoSens”:
The sensors can be given special functions for density determination.
In the following sections you will be given a detailed introduction to the specific settings for the “Density” applic­ation.
10.3.2 Selecting the method for density determination
In this menu you can specify the type of density determination you want to perform:
“Solid body”:
Density determination of non-porous solid bodies using an
auxiliary liquid.
“Liquid”:
Density determination of liquids using a sinker.
“Pasty substance”:
Density determination of pasty substances using a gamma
sphere.
“Pycnometer”:
For determining the density of liquids using a pycnometer.
“Solid porous”:
For determining the density of porous solid bodies by using a
supplementary oil bath.
Factory setting:
The “Solid body” method is activated.
The “Density” application
112
10.3.3 Selecting the auxiliary liquid
In this menu you can specify the auxiliary liquid you want to work with. This setting only applies to the density determination of
solid bodies! The following auxiliary liquids are available:
“Water”:
The density of distilled water at temperatures from 10.0 °C to
30.0 °C is stored in the balance.
“Ethanol”:
The density of ethanol at temperatures from 10.0 °C to 30.0 °C
is also stored in the balance.
“Other”:
Any other auxiliary liquid whose density at the current temperature must be known.
Factory setting:
“Water” as auxiliary liquid is activated.
10.3.4 Activating and deactivating statistics
The balance can keep its own statistics for each method of density determination. With statistics activated, you are asked at the end of
each density determination whether you want to include the result in the statistics. You can activate or deactivate the statistics function
in this menu:
“On”:
Statistics function activated.
“Off”:
Statistics function deactivated.
Factory setting:
Statistics function deactivated (“Off”).
Note: To use the statistics function you must also activate the two associated function
keys (section 10.3.6). You will find information about working with the statistics in section 10.5.
10.3.5 Settings for calculating and displaying the result
In this menu you can specify the number of decimal places and the unit with which the result of the density determination should be
calculated, as well as whether the air buoyancy should be included in the calculation.
“No. of Dec. Points”:
The result of the density determination can be displayed and
reported with from 1 to 5 decimal places.
“Compensation”:
The result of the density determination can be corrected by
the correction factor for the force calibration and by the mean
density of air (setting “With”). If set to “Without”, no correction
is made. With the setting “With/Without” both the corrected
and the uncorrected result are displayed and reported.
“Density Unit”:
Here you can define the unit which should be used for the
density determination: “g/cm³”, “kg/m³”, or “g/l” (grams per
liter).
Factory setting:
Number of decimal places: “3”
Compensation:
“With” (correction)
Unit of density:
“g/cm³”
The “Density” application
113
10.3.6 Special function keys for density determination
In the menu for function keys you can activate the following special function keys for density determination:
“Start”:
This is the function key you use to start the density determination, so it must always be activated!
“Density AL”:
Specifies the density of the auxiliary liquid. Only required for
density determination of solid bodies and when an auxiliary
liquid other than water or ethanol is used.
“Temp. AL”:
Used to enter the temperature of the auxiliary liquid. Only
required if distilled water or ethanol is used, since for other
liquids the density at the current temperature must always be
entered. For methods which do not use an auxiliary liquid, the
key can be used to enter the current ambient temperature so
that this temperature is printed on the reports.
“Vol. Sinker”:
Used to enter the volume of the sinker (in cm³, max. 5 decimal
places). Only required for the density determination of liquids
with the aid of a sinker.
“Vol. G. Sphere”:
Used to enter the volume of the gamma sphere (in cm³, max.
5 decimal places). Only required for the density determination
of pasty substances with the aid of a gamma sphere.
“Vol. Pycno”:
For entering the volume of pycnometer (in cm³,max.5 decimal
places). Only necessary for determining the density of liquids
using a pycnometer.
“Wgt. Pycno”:
For entering the weight of the pycnometer. Only necessary
for determining the density of liquids using a pycnometer.
“Result”:
Displays the statistics for the current method of density
determination. Note: You only need to activate this function
key if you have also activated the statistics function (section
10.3.4). If there are no results in the statistics, the key cannot
be operated.
“CL Result”:
Clears (deletes) the statistical data for the current density
determination to start a new measurement series.
All other function keys are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.2).
Factory setting:
“Start” and “Temp. AL” activated (in this order).
The “Density” application
114
10.3.7 Special information fields for density determination
On the first page of the menu of info fields there are additional settings for density determination:
“Method”:
Selected type of density determination.
“Auxiliary liquid:
Selected auxiliary liquid (density determination of solid bodies).
“Temp. AL”:
Shows the temperature of the auxiliary liquid (distilled water,
ethanol) which was input using the function key with the same
name.
“Density AL”:
Density of the auxiliary liquid. For water and ethanol, the
density which is automatically read from the built-in density
table is displayed; for other auxiliary liquids the density value
which was input using the function key with the same name
is displayed.
“Vol. Sinker”:
Volume of the sinker (for density determination of liquids using
a sinker).
“Vol. G. Sphere”:
Volume of the gamma sphere (for density determination of
pasty substances with the aid of a gamma sphere).
“Vol. Pycno”:
Volume of the pycnometer (determining the density of liquids
using a pycnometer).
“Wgt. Pycno”:
Weight of the pycnometer (determining the density of liquids
using a pycnometer).
Factory setting:
“Method”, “Aux. Liquid”, and “Temp. AL” activated (in this order).
10.3.8 Special report information for density determination
In the three submenus where you can specify the options for the header line of reports,
the options for reports of individual values, and the options for statistical reports, there
are additional settings available which are described below.
Note: All other items of information on the reports are the same as for the “Weighing”
application (section 5.2.8) and are not listed here.
Report header line
On the second and third pages of this submenu there are further settings for density
determination:
“Method”:
Reports the selected density determination method.
“Aux. Liquid:
Reports the selected auxiliary liquid (for density determination
of solid bodies).
“Density AL”:
Reports the density of the auxiliary liquid which was input using
the function key with the same name. If water or ethanol is being used, the value taken from the built-in table is reported.
“Temp. AL”:
Reports the temperature of the auxiliary liquid which was input
using the function key with the same name (for water and
ethanol).
The “Density” application
115
“Vol. Sinker”:
Reports the volume of the sinker which was input using the
function key with the same name (for density determination
of liquids with the aid of a sinker).
“Vol. Gamma”:
Reports the volume of the gamma sphere which was input using
the function key with the same name (for density determination
of pasty substances with the aid of a gamma sphere).
“Vol. Pycno”:
Prints the pycnometer volume that was entered via the function key of the same name (determining the density of liquids
using a pycnometer).
“Wgt. Pycno”:
Prints the pycnometer weight that was entered via the function
key of the same name (determining the density of liquids using
a pycnometer).
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name”; no specific information items for density determination are activated.
If a report for an individual value is printed, the header line is automatically printed out
with it (as described below).
Reporting individual values
This submenu contains additional settings for density determination.
“Method”:
Reports the selected density determination method.
“Aux. Liquid”:
Reports the selected auxiliary liquid (density determination of
solid bodies).
“Density AL”:
Reports the density of the auxiliary liquid which was input using
the function key with the same name. If water or ethanol is being used, the value taken from the built-in table is reported.
“Temp. AL”:
Reports the temperature of the auxiliary liquid which was input
using the function key with the same name (for water and
ethanol).
“Vol. Sinker”:
Reports the volume of the sinker which was input using the
function key with the same name (for density determination
of liquids with the aid of a sinker).
“Vol. Gamma”:
Reports the volume of the gamma sphere which was input using
the function key with the same name (for density determination
of pasty substances with the aid of a gamma sphere).
“Vol. Pycno”:
Prints the pycnometer volume that was entered via the function key of the same name (determining the density of liquids
using a pycnometer).
“Wgt. Pycno”:
Prints the pycnometer net weight that was entered via the
function key of the same name (determining the density of
liquids using a pycnometer).
“Wgt. in Air”:
Reports the weight of the sample in air (density of solid bodies).
“Wgt. in Liquid”:
Reports the weight of the sample in the auxiliary liquid (for density determination of solid bodies) or the weight of the sample
substance displaced by the sinker or gamma sphere.
“Wgt. of content”:
Prints the weight of the sample in the pycnometer (determining
the density of liquids using a pycnometer).
The “Density” application
116
“Vol. Probe”:
Reports the volume of the sample (which is calculated by the
firmware).
“Density”:
Reports the result of the current density determination.
Factory setting:
“Density” and “3 Blank Lines”.
The report of individual values (report of an individual density determination) can be
printed out with the «F» key. You will find an example of a report in section 10.4.6.
Reporting statistical data
On the second and third pages of this submenu you can specify the statistical information
of density determinations that you want to be reported. These settings are only relevant
if you have activated the statistics function (section 10.3.4).
“Method”:
Selected density determination method.
“Aux. Liquid”:
Selected auxiliary liquid (for density determination of solid
bodies).
“n, x, s, s. rel.”:
Number of samples in the current measurement series (“n”),
average (mean) density value of all samples (“x”),and absolute/
relative standard deviation of the current measurement series
(“s”/“s. rel”).
“Min, Max, Diff”:
Lowest and highest density values determined in the current
measurement series and the difference between these two
values.
Factory setting:
“n, x, s, s.rel” and “Min, Max, Diff”. The settings “Signature”,
“Dash Line” and “3 Blank Lines” are also activated.
The statistics report can be printed out by opening the statistics window and then pressing the «F» key. You will find an example of a report and an explanation of the statistics
in section 10.5.
10.3.9 Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for density determination
There are additional settings for the SmartSens and ErgoSens sensors for density determination.
“Start”and“Result”emulate the function keys with the same names.“OK”emulates pressing
the key with the same name in the density determination dialogs (but not in the menus)
to confirm inputs and actions.
If one of these settings is activated, the green “F” (function) symbol under the respective
sensor in the status bar lights up.
Factory setting:
Model-dependent:
Precision balances:
Analytical – and
Micro balances:
“Off” for all 4 sensors.
SmartSens left and right configured for draft shield (doors)
operation.
“Off” for both ErgoSens..
The “Density” application
117
10.4 Working with the “Density” application
In this section you will learn more about how to work with the “Density” application and the various methods of density determination.
It is assumed that the “Density” application has already been selected. The following explanations assume that the statistics function
has been de-activated. (You will find instructions how to use the statistics in section 10.5).
10.4.1 Density determination of non-porous solid bodies
For the density determination of non-porous solid bodies, the solid body is first weighed in air and then in the auxiliary liquid. The difference in weight gives the buoyancy from which the firmware calculates the density.
In the application-specific settings, select the method for “Solid bodies” (section 10.3.2)
and specify the desired auxiliary liquid (section 10.3.3).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (sections 10.3.6 and
10.3.7).
Note: The example at left shows settings for the density determination of solid bodies
when using distilled water as the auxiliary liquid. If you use a different liquid than water
or ethanol, instead of the “Temp. AL” function key you must activate the “Density AL” key
and the information field with the same name.
If you use water or ethanol as the auxiliary liquid, enter its temperature with the “Temp.
AL” function key. (Density tables for these two liquids in the temperature range 10 °C to
30 °C are stored in the balance, see also sections 10.7 and 10.8). The screenshot at left
shows the corresponding input field (input in °C with 1 decimal place).
If you use a different auxiliary liquid than water or ethanol, activate the “Density AL” function key and use this key to enter the density of the auxiliary liquid you are using at the
current temperature (in g/cm³, max. 5 decimal places). You have to do this because the
balance only stores density tables for water and ethanol. The value you enter appears in
the information field with the same name, which you must also activate. Note: If you are
using a different auxiliary liquid than water or ethanol, the “Temp. AL” function key which
is shown activated in the example at left, as well as the information field with the same
name, is not required. If you wish, however, you can use this function key to enter the
current ambient temperature so it is printed on the report as a record of the temperature
at which the density was determined.
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination. The balance executes
an automatic tare and you will then be prompted to place the solid body on the balance
to weigh it in air.
If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the instructions supplied with the
kit. If you are working with the below-the-balance hanger (see note, section 10.1), hang
the solid body on the hanger.
The weight of the solid body on the balance is displayed in the bottom left corner of the
window.
Press “OK” to accept the weight value.
The “Density” application
118
The weighing result is saved and you are then prompted to immerse the solid body in
the auxiliary liquid.
If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the instructions supplied with the kit.
If you are working with the below-the-balance hanger, place the container with the auxiliary
liquid under the hanger. In either case, make sure that the solid body is immersed by at
least 1 cm in the liquid and that there are no air bubbles in the container.
The weight of the solid body in the liquid is displayed in the bottom left corner of the
window.
Press “OK” to accept the weight value.
The balance now determines the density of the solid body and displays the result. Either
the compensated result, the uncompensated result, or both is/are displayed depending
on the settings you made for the result display (see section 10.3.5).
If a printer is connected, you can press the «F» key to print out a report of the density
determination result according to your specifications (section 10.3.8).The result is saved
until the next density determination using the same method has been completed, so it
can be printed out again if required. You will find an example of a report along with corresponding explanations in section 10.4.6.
10.4.2 Density determination of liquids using a sinker
To determine the density of liquids, use is often made of a sinker whose volume is known. The sinker is first tared in air and then weighed
in the liquid whose density must be determined. The difference between these weight values gives the buoyancy, which is used by the
firmware to calculate the density.
In the application-specific settings for the method, select “Liquid” (section 10.3.2).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (sections 10.3.6 and
10.3.7). The example at left shows settings for the density determination of liquids using
a sinker. Note: The “Temp. AL” function key which is shown activated in the example at
left, as well as the information field with the same name, is not required for this method
of density determination. If you wish, however, you can use this function key to enter the
current ambient temperature so it is printed on the report as a record of the temperature
at which the density was determined.
Press the “Vol. Sinker” function key and enter the volume of the sinker (in this example
10.00000 cm³).
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination. You are then prompted
to install the sinker (weighing in air for taring).
If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the instructions supplied with the
kit. If you are working with the below-the-balance hanger (see note, section 10.1), hang
the sinker on the hanger.
Press “OK” to tare the sinker.
The “Density” application
119
After you have tared the sinker you are prompted to pour the liquid whose density you want
to determine into a container. If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the
instructions supplied with the kit. If you are working with the below-the-balance hanger,
place the container with the liquid under the hanger. In either case, make sure that the
sinker is immersed by at least 1 cm in the liquid, and that there are no air bubbles in
the container.
The buoyancy which the sinker experiences is displayed with a minus sign in the bottom
left corner of the window.
Press “OK” to accept the weight value.
The balance now determines the density of the liquid and displays the result. Either the
compensated result, the uncompensated result, or both is/are displayed depending on
the settings you made for the result display (see section 10.3.5).
If a printer is connected, you can press the «F» key to print out a report of the density
determination result according to your specifications (section 10.3.8).The result is saved
until the next density determination using the same method has been completed, so it
can be printed out again if required.
10.4.3 Density determination of pasty substances using a gamma sphere
To determine the density of pasty substances, use is often made of a gamma sphere whose volume is known. The pasty substance is
first tared without the gamma sphere and then with it.
In the application-specific settings for the method, select “Pasty Substance” (section
10.3.2).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (sections 10.3.6 and
10.3.7).The example at left shows settings for the density determination of pasty substances
using a gamma sphere. Note: The “Temp. AL” function key which is shown activated in
the example at left, as well as the information field with the same name, is not required
for this method of density determination. If you wish, however, you can use this function
key to enter the current ambient temperature so it is printed on the report as a record of
the temperature at which the density was determined.
Press the “Vol. G. Sphere” function key and enter the volume of the gamma sphere (in
this example 10.00000 cm³).
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination. You are then prompted
to place the sample on the balance (without the gamma sphere).
The weight of the sample is displayed in the bottom left corner of the window.
Press “OK” to tare the sample.
The “Density” application
120
After you have tared the sample you are prompted to immerse the gamma sphere in the
sample substance.
The weight of the substance which is displaced by the gamma sphere is displayed in the
bottom left corner of the window.
Press “OK” to accept the weight value.
The balance now determines the density of the pasty substance and displays the result.
Either the compensated result,the uncompensated result,or both is/are displayed depending on the settings you made for the result display (see section 10.3.5).
If a printer is connected, you can press the «F» key to print out a report of the density
determination result according to your specifications (section 10.3.8).The result is saved
until the next density determination using the same method has been completed, so it
can be printed out again if required.
10.4.4 Determining the density of liquids using a pycnometer
A pycnometer – a glass container with a known capacity and net weight – is often used for determining the density of liquids.The liquid
is poured into the pycnometer and weighed.
In the application-specific settings, select “Pycnometer” as your method (section
10.3.2).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (sections 10.3.6 and
10.3.7).The example shown here illustrates practical settings for determining the density
of liquids using a pycnometer. Note: The “Temp. AL” function key in the example shown
here, and the information field with the same name are not required for this method of
density determination. You can, nevertheless, use these function keys to enter the current
ambient temperature.This will in turn also be included on the printouts, and indicates the
temperature at which the density was determined.
Press the “Wgt. Pycno” function key and enter the weight of the pycnometer (in this
example, 43.83 g).
Press the “Vol. Pycno” function key and enter the volume of the pycnometer (in this
example, 50.331 cm³).
Press the “Start”, function key to start the density determination.You will then be prompted
to place the filled pycnometer (the selected weight of the pycnometer appears in the lower
left-hand corner of the window with a minus sign).
Place the filled pycnometer on the pan.The net weight of the sample appears in the lower
left-hand corner of the window. Press “OK” to accept the weight value.
The “Density” application
121
The balance now determines the density of the liquid and displays the result. Either the
compensated result, the uncompensated result, or both is/are displayed depending on
the settings you made for the result display (see section 10.3.5).
If a printer is connected, you can press the «F» key to print out a report of the density
determination result according to your specifications (section 10.3.8).The result is saved
until the next density determination using the same method has been completed, so it
can be printed out again if required.
10.4.5 Determining the density of porous solid bodies
To determine the density of porous solid bodies, the solid is first weighed in air. In contrast to non-porous solids, a supplementary oil
bath is required for closing the pores of the solid before it is weighed in the auxiliary liquid.
In the application-specific settings, select “Solid porous” as your method (section 10.3.2),
and specify the desired auxiliary liquid (section 10.3.3).
Activate the appropriate function keys and information fields (sections 10.3.6 and
10.3.7).
Note: The example shown here illustrates settings for determining the density of solid
bodies using distilled water as the auxiliary liquid. If you use an auxiliary liquid other
than water or ethanol, then instead of the “Temp. AL” function key you should activate
the “Density AL” function key you should activate the.
If you are using water or ethanol as the auxiliary liquid, enter its temperature using
the “Temp. AL” function key. Density tables for these two substances covering the temperature range from 10 °C to 30 °C are stored in the balance; see also sections 10.7
and 10.8). The illustration here shows the corresponding input field (input in °C with 1
decimal figure).
If you use an auxiliary liquid other than water or ethanol, activate the “Density AL”
function key, and use it to enter the density of the auxiliary liquid being used at the
current temperature (in g/cm³, max. 5 decimal places).This is necessary because density
tables are only saved for water and ethanol. The value you have entered appears in the
information field with the same name, which you should also activate. Note: The “Temp.
AL” function key, activated in the example shown here, and the information field with the
same name are not necessary for determining density when using an auxiliary liquid other
than water or ethanol. You can, nevertheless, use these function keys to enter the current
ambient temperature.This will in turn also be included on the printouts, and indicates the
temperature at which the density was determined.
Press the “Start” function key to start the density determination.The balance will automatically carry out a taring, after which you will be prompted to put the solid in place (first
weighing in air).
If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the instructions that are included
with it. If you are using the hanger, for weighing underneath the balance (see note, section 10.1), hang the solid body from the suspension equipment.
The weight of the solid body appears in the lower left-hand corner of the window. Press
“OK”, to accept the weight value.
The “Density” application
122
You will now be prompted to briefly immerse the solid body in the oil bath, and then put
it back into place (second weighing in air)
Put the oil-coated solid body back into the same position as in the first weighing in air.
The weight of the solid body is displayed in the lower left-hand corner of the window
Press “OK”, to accept the weight value.
The balance will now prompt you to immerse the oil-coated solid body in the auxiliary
liquid.
If you are working with the optional density kit, follow the instructions that are included
with it. If you are working with the hanger, place the container with the auxiliary liquid
underneath the suspension equipment. In either case, ensure that the solid body is submerged at least 1 cm under the surface of the liquid, and that there are no air bubbles
in the container.
The weight of the solid body submerged in the liquid is displayed in the lower left-hand
corner of the window.
Press “OK”, to accept the weight value.
The balance now determines the density of the solid body and displays the result. Either
the compensated result, the uncompensated result, or both is/are displayed depending
on the settings you made for the result display (see section 10.3.5).
If a printer is connected, you can press the «F» key to print out a report of the density
determination result according to your specifications (section 10.3.8).The result is saved
until the next density determination using the same method has been completed, so it
can be printed out again if required.
10.4.6 Example of a density determination report
-------- Density ------1.Mar 2005
13:44
User Name
User 6
Method
Liquid
Density
Solid
Water
AL
0.99800 g/cm3
Temperature
21.2 °C
Wgt. in Air 21.78 g
Wgt. in Liquid
16.90 g
Density
4.447 g/cm3
===============
Density uncomp.
4.451 g/cm3
===============
Signature
........................
------------------------
As soon as the result window of a density determination is displayed, you can print out
the associated report by pressing the «F» key.
Note: The result is saved until the next density determination has been completed and
can be printed out again by pressing the «F» key. This may be necessary, for example,
if you need a second copy of the report, or if the printer cannot print the report because
it has run out of paper.
Shown at left is an example of a report for a density determination of a solid body. The
information which is printed on the report is determined by the settings you made in the
“Protocol” (Report) menu (section 10.3.8).
The “Density” application
123
10.5 Using the density statistics
Separate statistics can be maintained for each method of density determination. All results (max. 651500) are saved which you accept
into the statistics when you perform density determinations.
Settings
For use of the statistics to be possible, the statistics function (section10.3.4) and the
two function keys “Result” and “CL Result” must be activated (section 10.3.6).
Note: In the example at left, no values have been accepted into the statistics yet. Because
of this, the two function keys “Result” and “CL Result” are inactive and cannot be used.
Recording values for the statistics
If the statistics function is activated, at the end of each density determination you are
asked whether you want to include the result in the statistics.
If you want to include the current measuring result in the statistics, press the “YES” key.
The result is then included in the statistics for the current method.
Inclusion of the result is confirmed in the display.
If you do not want to include the result in the statistics, press “No”. The result then stays
saved until the next measurement, but is not included in the statistics.
Displaying and printing statistics
Make sure you have selected the density determination method for which you want to
display or print statistics (section 10.3.2).
Press the “Result” function key to call up the statistics. Note: If there are no values in the
statistics, the key is shown gray and cannot be used.
The statistics window displays those values which you selected to be included in reports
of statistical data (section 10.3.8). The following values are selected at the factory:
“n”:
Number of samples recorded in the current measurement
series
“x”:
Average (mean) density of all recorded samples
“s”:
Absolute standard deviation of the measurement series
“s. rel”:
Relative standard deviation within the measurement series
“Min”:
Lowest density value determined in the measurement series
“Max”:
Highest density value determined in the measurement series
“Diff”:
Difference between the largest and smallest density value
within the measurement series
The “Density” application
124
-------- Density ------29.Jan 2005
15:55
Method
Solid
Liquid
Water
With Compensation
n
5
x
5.5004 g/cm3
s
0.0942 g/cm3
s.rel
1.71 %
Without Compensation
n
5
x
5.5062 g/cm3
s
0.0944 g/cm3
s.rel
1.72 %
With Compensation
Min
5.423 g/cm3
Max
5.603 g/cm3
Diff.
0.180 g/cm3
Without Compensation
Min
5.429 g/cm3
Max
5.609 g/cm3
Diff.
0.180 g/cm3
To print the statistics, with the statistics window open press the «F» key. The printout will
contain those values which you activated in the “Statistics” submenu of the report settings (section 10.3.8). An example of a report is shown at left.
Signature
........................
------------------------
Clear statistics
If you want to terminate a measurement series, press the “CL Result” key to clear the
associated statistics.
Note: The “CL Result” function key deletes the statistics for the currently selected method
of density determination. The statistics for other methods remain saved. Before you clear
any statistics, you must therefore make sure that you have selected the density
determination method whose statistics you want to clear (section 10.3.2)!
For safety, you are asked for confirmation before the statistics are finally deleted.
The “Density” application
125
10.6 Formulae used to calculate density
The “Density” application is based on the formulae listed below.
10.6.1 Formulae for determining the density of solid bodies
With compensation for air density
ρ=
Without compensation for air density
A
(ρ – ρ ) + ρL
A–B 0 L
ρ=
A • ρ0
A–B
A–B
ρ0 – ρL
V=
A–B
ρ0
V=α
ρ = Density of the sample
A = Weight of the sample in air
B = Weight of the sample in the auxiliary liquid
V = Volume of the sample
ρ0 = Density of the auxiliary liquid
ρL = Density of air (0.0012 g/cm³)
α = Weight correction factor (0.99985) to take the atmospheric buoyancy of the adjustment weight into account
10.6.2 Formulae for determining the density of liquids and pastes
With compensation for air density
ρ=
α•P
+ ρL
V0
Without compensation for air density
ρ=
P
V0
Density of the liquid or paste
P = Weight of the displaced liquid or paste
V0 = Volume of the sinker or gamma sphere
ρL = Density of air (0.0012 g/cm³)
α = Weight correction factor (0.99985) to take the atmospheric buoyancy of the adjustment weight into account
The “Density” application
126
10.7 Density table for distilled water
T/°C
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
10.
0.99973
0.99972
0.99971
0.99970
0.99969
0.99968
0.99967
0.99966
0.99965
0.99964
11.
0.99963
0.99962
0.99961
0.99960
0.99959
0.99958
0.99957
0.99956
0.99955
0.99954
12.
0.99953
0.99951
0.99950
0.99949
0.99948
0.99947
0.99946
0.99944
0.99943
0.99942
10.
0.99941
0.99939
0.99938
0.99937
0.99935
0.99934
0.99933
0.99931
0.99930
0.99929
14.
0.99927
0.99926
0.99924
0.99923
0.99922
0.99920
0.99919
0.99917
0.99916
0.99914
15.
0.99910
0.99911
0.99910
0.99908
0.99907
0.99905
0.99904
0.99902
0.99900
0.99899
16.
0.99897
0.99896
0.99894
0.99892
0.99891
0.99889
0.99887
0.99885
0.99884
0.99882
17.
0.99880
0.99879
0.99877
0.99875
0.99873
0.99871
0.99870
0.99868
0.99866
0.99864
18.
0.99862
0.99860
0.99859
0.99857
0.99855
0.99853
0.99851
0.99849
0.99847
0.99845
19.
0.99843
0.99841
0.99839
0.99837
0.99835
0.99833
0.99831
0.99829
0.99827
0.99825
20.
0.99823
0.99821
0.99819
0.99817
0.99815
0.99810
0.99811
0.99808
0.99806
0.99804
21.
0.99802
0.99800
0.99798
0.99795
0.99793
0.99791
0.99789
0.99786
0.99784
0.99782
22.
0.99780
0.99777
0.99775
0.99773
0.99771
0.99768
0.99766
0.99764
0.99761
0.99759
23.
0.99756
0.99754
0.99752
0.99749
0.99747
0.99744
0.99742
0.99740
0.99737
0.99735
24.
0.99732
0.99730
0.99727
0.99725
0.99722
0.99720
0.99717
0.99715
0.99712
0.99710
25.
0.99707
0.99704
0.99702
0.99699
0.99697
0.99694
0.99691
0.99689
0.99686
0.99684
26.
0.99681
0.99678
0.99676
0.99673
0.99670
0.99668
0.99665
0.99662
0.99659
0.99657
27.
0.99654
0.99651
0.99648
0.99646
0.99643
0.99640
0.99637
0.99634
0.99632
0.99629
28.
0.99626
0.99623
0.99620
0.99617
0.99614
0.99612
0.99609
0.99606
0.99603
0.99600
29.
0.99597
0.99594
0.99591
0.99588
0.99585
0.99582
0.99579
0.99576
0.99573
0.99570
30.
0.99567
0.99564
0.99561
0.99558
0.99555
0.99552
0.99549
0.99546
0.99543
0.99540
10.8 Density table for ethanol
T/°C
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
10.
0.79784
0.79775
0.79767
0.79758
0.79750
0.79741
0.79733
0.79725
0.79716
0.79708
11.
0.79699
0.79691
0.79682
0.79674
0.79665
0.79657
0.79648
0.79640
0.79631
0.79623
12.
0.79614
0.79606
0.79598
0.79589
0.79581
0.79572
0.79564
0.79555
0.79547
0.79538
10.
0.79530
0.79521
0.79510
0.79504
0.79496
0.79487
0.79479
0.79470
0.79462
0.79453
14.
0.79445
0.79436
0.79428
0.79419
0.79411
0.79402
0.79394
0.79385
0.79377
0.79368
15.
0.79360
0.79352
0.79343
0.79335
0.79326
0.79318
0.79309
0.79301
0.79292
0.79284
16.
0.79275
0.79267
0.79258
0.79250
0.79241
0.79232
0.79224
0.79215
0.79207
0.79198
17.
0.79190
0.79181
0.79173
0.79164
0.79156
0.79147
0.79109
0.79100
0.79122
0.79110
18.
0.79105
0.79096
0.79088
0.79079
0.79071
0.79062
0.79054
0.79045
0.79037
0.79028
19.
0.79020
0.79011
0.79002
0.78994
0.78985
0.78977
0.78968
0.78960
0.78951
0.78943
20.
0.78934
0.78926
0.78917
0.78909
0.78900
0.78892
0.78883
0.78874
0.78866
0.78857
21.
0.78849
0.78840
0.78832
0.78823
0.78815
0.78806
0.78797
0.78789
0.78780
0.78772
22.
0.78763
0.78755
0.78746
0.78738
0.78729
0.78720
0.78712
0.78703
0.78695
0.78686
23.
0.78678
0.78669
0.78660
0.78652
0.78643
0.78635
0.78626
0.78618
0.78609
0.78600
24.
0.78592
0.78583
0.78575
0.78566
0.78558
0.78549
0.78540
0.78532
0.78523
0.78515
25.
0.78506
0.78497
0.78489
0.78480
0.78472
0.78463
0.78454
0.78446
0.78437
0.78429
26.
0.78420
0.78411
0.78403
0.78394
0.78386
0.78377
0.78368
0.78360
0.78351
0.78343
27.
0.78334
0.78325
0.78317
0.78308
0.78299
0.78291
0.78282
0.78274
0.78265
0.78256
28.
0.78248
0.78239
0.78230
0.78222
0.78210
0.78205
0.78196
0.78187
0.78179
0.78170
29.
0.78161
0.78153
0.78144
0.78106
0.78127
0.78118
0.78110
0.78101
0.78092
0.78084
30.
0.78075
0.78066
0.78058
0.78049
0.78040
0.78032
0.78023
0.78014
0.78006
0.77997
Density of C2H5OH according to the “American Institute of Physics Handbook”.
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127
11 The “Dynamic Weighing” application (Model-dependent)
Note: This application is only available with XP Precision Balances!
In this section you will be introduced to the “Dynamic Weighing” application. You will find practical information about working with this
application and about the different settings. Please note that all settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” application are saved under
the active user profile, so each user can make their own settings for this application. Because of this, first make sure that you
have selected the desired user profile.
11.1 Introduction to the “Dynamic Weighing” application
The “Dynamic Weighing” application allows efficient, convenient, and accurate weighing of unstable weighing objects (e.g. animals).
The application supports the use of a chip scanner for fast and error-free identification of the measurement results to the individual
test animals . You can connect the chip scanner like a barcode reader and configure it in the system settings (section 3.7,“Barcode”).
In the application-dependent settings you specify how the data from the scanner should be processed (section 5.2.12).
Many of the application-dependent settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, additional settings are available to you for dynamic weighing. In the descriptions that follow, only those settings are explained in detail which are different from
the “Weighing” application.
11.2 Selecting the application
D
If the “Dynamic Weighing” application is not already active, first press the «D» key. In the
selection window, touch the symbol for the application.
After you have selected the application, the display shown at left appears. Some of the
special function keys and the special information fields for dynamic weighing are activated
at the factory. How you can adapt these and other settings to your needs is described in
the sections that follow.
11.3 Settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” application
For dynamic weighing you have various specific settings available which you can use to adapt the application to your needs.
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11.3.1 Overview
E
The application-dependent settings can be accessed with the «E» key. When this key is
pressed, the first of 5 menu pages appears.
With only a few exceptions, the settings available in the “Dynamic Weighing” application are identical to those of the “Weighing” application
(section 5.2). Only the settings that are different are described below. These settings are contained in the following menus:
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for dynamic weighing.
“Data Acquisition”:
Adaptation of the application to the weighing object.
“Start Mode”:
Setting for the start of the weighing.
“Beep”:
Activates/deactivates the beep that signals completion of a weighing.
“Info Field”:
Additional information fields are available for dynamic weighing.
“Reports”:
Additional information is available for dynamic weighing reports.
“Single Value Print”:
Activates/deactivates automatic printing of individual weighing results.
“Output channel selection”:
Selects the destination for the data output (host and/or printer).
“Data output format”:
Formats the output data.
“Statistics”:
Activates/deactivates the statistics function.
“Smart & ErgoSens”:
Special dynamic weighing functions can be assigned to the sensors.
Please note that in contrast to the “Weighing” application, no free units can be defined. Also, the “Minimum Weight” function is not available. In the following sections you will be given a detailed introduction to the specific settings for the “Dynamic Weighing” applic­ation.
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129
11.3.2 Special function keys for dynamic weighing
The following special function keys are available for dynamic weighing:
“Start”:
You can use this function key to start a manual weighing cycle. If the “Automatic Start” function has been
activated (section 11.3.4), this function key is not required. If the “Automatic Start” function has been switched
off, you must activate this function key, otherwise no weighings can be performed!
“Result”:
Opens the results window. This function key is only required if the statistics function has been activated
(section 11.3.11).
“CL Result”:
Clears the statistics of a weighing series. This key is only required if the statistics function has been activated.
“CL Last”:
Deletes the last value which was included in the statistics. This function key is only required if the statistics
function has been activated.
All other function keys are the same as for the “Weighing” application (section 5.2.2).
Factory setting:
“ID” and “1/10d” activated (in this order). No specific function keys for dynamic weighing are activated.
11.3.3 Adapting the application to the dynamic behavior of the weighing material
You can use the settings in the “Data Acquisition” menu to adapt the application to the behavior of the weighing object and thereby
optimize the speed of a result determination. The following settings are available:
With the “Dynamic Behavior” setting, the balance determines the release of the weighing
result based on your specifications (filter settings):
“Stable”:
This setting is suitable for relatively stable weighing objects.
“Standard”:
This setting is suitable for normal weighing objects.
“Unstable”:
This setting is suitable for unstable weighing objects.
Alternatively, the “Time Interval” setting allows you to define a fixed amount of time (1
... 99 seconds) until the weighing result is released. This can impair precision, but it can
be practical when the above filter settings result in long measuring times in the case of
extremely unstable weighing materials, or when you have to conclude your measurements
within a certain amount of time.
Factory setting:
“Time Interval” = “5 sec”.
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130
11.3.4 Settings for the start of weighing
In the “Start Mode” menu, you must specify how a weighing cycle should be started.
“Step procedure”:
No automatic start: Each measurement cycle must be started
manually and the “Start” function key must be active (section
11.3.2).Loading and removing the object that is being weighed
must be confirmed.
“AutoStart”:
A measurement cycle is started automatically as soon as the
weighing object is placed on the balance which is heavier
than the specified minimum weight. To change the minimum
weight, press the corresponding button, and a numeric input
field will appear into which you can type the minimum weight
value in grams. The purpose of the minimum weight value is
to check whether or not there is a weighing object on the balance. Define the minimum weight value so that it is less than
the weight of your lightest weighing object, but not so low that
even slight soiling of the weighing pan, or vibrations, trigger a
weighing.
Note: If the “AutoTare” function is activated, the display is automatically reset to zero after each weighing is completed.
“Quick procedure”:
No automatic start: Each measurement cycle must be started
manually and the “Start” function key must be active (section
11.3.2). Different than the“Step procedure”, loading the object
being weighed does not have to be confirmed,and the measurement starts immediately when you press the “Start”function
key. Unloading the object being weighed also does not have
to be confirmed.
The “AutoTare” function is inactive; if necessary, weighing containers must be tared manually before the measurement.
To ensure backward compatibility with earlier products, only
the weight values that are determined are recorded in the
protocol, irrespective of the selected protocol settings. The
settings for formatting the output data are ignored.The values
are protocolled in a fixed format and the “*” symbol is inserted
before each value.
Factory setting:
“AutoStart” (minimum weight 5.00 g)
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131
11.3.5 Settings for the beep at the end of the measurement cycle
In the “Beep” menu you can specify whether a beep should indicate the end of a measurement cycle.
“Off”:
There is no beep at the end of a dynamic weighing.
“On”:
As soon as the result of a dynamic weighing is ready, a beep
is emitted. If you switch the beep on, after you have started a
weighing cycle you can do another job until the beep tells you
that the result is ready.
Factory setting:
“On” (beep switched on)
11.3.6 Special information fields for dynamic weighing
In the menu for info fields the following special settings for dynamic weighing are available:
“AutoStart”:
Indicates whether the “AutoStart” function is active (section
11.3.4). If the function has been activated, the associated
minimum weight is displayed.
“Status”:
Current status of the application (for explanation see section
11.4.1).
The following information fields are only relevant if the statistics function has been activated (section 11.3.11):
“n”:
Number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Average (mean) weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as absolute value and percent.
“Min” and “Max”:
Lowest and highest weight values in the current measurement
series.
“Diff”:
Difference between lowest and highest weight values.
“Sum”:
Accumulated value of all individual weighings.
All other information fields are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.4).
Factory setting:
“AutoStart”,“Status” and “ID1” activated.
11.3.7 Special report information for dynamic weighing
In the three submenus where you can specify the options for the header line of reports,
the options for individual values, and the options for the results, there are additional settings available which are described below.
Note: All other items of information in the reports are the same as for the “Weighing”
application (section 5.2.8) and are not listed here.
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132
Report header line
On the second page of this submenu there are further settings for dynamic weighing:
“AutoStart”:
Reports whether the “AutoStart” function is active (section
11.3.4). If the function is activated, the associated minimum
weight is printed out.
Factory setting:
“Appl. Name” (“Dynamic Weighing”) and “Date/Time” (in this
order). No specific information items for dynamic weighing are
activated.
If the header line has been defined as a component of the weighing report, it is printed
automatically (see “Reporting individual values”).The header line can also be printed out
separately by pressing the “Header line” function key.
Reporting individual values
On the first page of this submenu the following special settings for dynamic weighing
are available:
“AutoStart”:
Reports whether the “AutoStart” function is active (section
11.3.4). If the function is active, the associated minimum
weight is reported.
“Sample”:
Reports the net weight value of the current weighing.
Factory setting:
“Sample”.
An individual value is printed out either by pressing the «F» key with the result window
open, or automatically (see section 11.3.8).
Footer line of the report
On the second and third pages of this submenu you can specify additional statistical
information which should be printed out in the footer of the weighing report after the
results (individual values):
“n”:
Number of samples weighed.
“x”:
Average (mean) weight of all samples.
“s” and “s.rel”:
Standard deviation as absolute and percentage value.
Note: These two values are only reported if the statistics contain
at least 3 values, otherwise horizontal lines are printed instead
of the values.
“Min, Max, Diff.”:
Lowest and highest weight values determined in the current
measurement series and the difference between these values.
“Sum”:
Accumulated weight of all individual values saved.
Factory setting:
“Dash line” and “3 Blank Lines”; no specific information items
for dynamic weighing are activated.
The footer line is printed out when the “Footer” function key is pressed.
You will find an example of a dynamic weighing report in section 11.4.4.
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133
11.3.8 Automatic or manual reporting of individual values
In the “Print single value” menu you specify whether the individual values (section 11.3.7) should be printed out automatically or
manually.
“Automatic”:
A report of individual values is printed out automatically after
each successfully completed measurement cycle.
“Manual”:
As soon as the result of a dynamic weighing is displayed, the
individual value report can be printed out with the «F» key.
Factory setting:
“Automatic”
11.3.9 Selecting the destination for the output data
In the “Output channel selection” menu, you can specify the instruments to which the weighing results should be transmitted.
“Printer”:
The data are transmitted to the printer according to the selected
protocol settings (section 11.3.7).
“Host”:
The weighing results are transmitted to the host computer according to the settings for formatting the output data (section
11.3.10).
“Printer + Host”:
The data are transmitted both to the printer and to the computer (according to the protocol settings and the settings for
formatting the output data).
Factory setting:
“Printer”
Note:
If you selected the “Quick procedure” setting for the start of
the weighing (section 11.3.4), only the weight values that are
determined are protocolled on the printer, irrespective of the
protocol settings that were sselected. In the data output to the
host, the settings for formatting the output data are ignored.
The values are protocolled in a fixed format, and the “*” symbol
is inserted before each value.
11.3.10Formatting the output data
In the “Data output format” menu, you can specify how the weighing results that are
output to the host computer should be formatted. This can be necessary if you operate
your balance together with other instruments, programs, or peripheral devices that require
a particular data format.
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134
At the factory, data output is set to a standard format:
Example (21.45 g):
1
2
3
4
5
6
d
w
7
8
N
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
2
1
.
4
5
g
CR LF
The identifier “dw” indicates that the data record relates to the calculated weight value
of a dynamic weighing,“N” stands for a net weight value. The weight value is followed by
the end-of-line character that was defined for the host (section 3.7).
If you want to change the output format, activate “Customise” and then touch the “Define” key.
This menu contains settings for the following data fields:
– DW identifier
– Net weight symbol
– Weight value
– Weight unit
In the output unit, these fields are always separated by a space character. The complete
data record is terminated with the end-of-line characters that were defined for the host
(section 3.7).
The settings for the individual fields are explained below.
DW identifier
In the standard output format, the weight values are always preceded by the identifier
“dw” (“dynamic weighing”), which indicates that the weighing result is calculated from
several individual measurements. In this menu, you can activate and deactivate (“Off”)
this function, select the symbol to be used (“*” or “dw”), and also specify the field length
(1 – 10 characters). The identifier is aligned right-justified in the field.
Factory setting:
Identifier deactivated (“Off”).
Field length 2 characters.
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135
Net weight symbol
In the standard output format, net weights are identified with “N”. In this menu, you can
activate and deactivate this function, and also define the field length (1 – 10 characters).
The net symbol is aligned left-justified in the field. Note: If the balance has not been tared,
the net symbol is not transmitted, and space characters corresponding to the selected
field length are transmitted instead.
Factory setting:
Net weight symbol deactivated (“Off”).
Field length 5 characters.
Format of the weight value
For formatting the weight value, the following options are available:
“Field length”:
Total length of the data field for the weight value including
sign, decimal point, and decimal places (1 – 20 characters).
Note: Irrespective of your setting,enough characters are always
output for the weight value that is displayed on the terminal
to be completely transmitted.The weight value is output rightjustified. Factory setting: 10.
“No. of dec. digits”:
Number of decimal places (0 – 6 characters). If the value that
is set is less than the number of decimal places displayed on
the terminal, a rounded value with the selected number of
decimal places is transmitted. Factory setting: Max. number
of decimal places of the balance.
“Sign”:
When set to“Always”,the weight value is always preceded by a
plus or minus sign. If you select “Neg. values”, negative values
will be preceded by a minus sign, but positive values will be
transmitted without a sign. Factory setting: “Neg. values”.
“Sign position”:
You can use this setting to specify whether the sign should
be immediately in front of the weight value (right justified) or
with a gap in between (left justified). Factory setting: Right
justified (immediately in front of the weight value).
Field for the weight unit
In the standard output format, each weight value is output with the corresponding weight
unit (corresponding to the current display unit). In this menu, you can choose whether
weight units should be transmitted with or without unit and also specify the field length
for the weight unit (1 – 5 characters). Irrespective of your setting for the field length,
enough decimal places will be output for the weight value shown on the terminal to be
completely transmitted. The weight unit is output left-justified (separated from the weight
value by a space character).
Factory setting:
Output of the weight unit is activated.
Field length 3 characters.
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136
11.3.11Activate or deactivate statistics
In the “Statistics” menu you can specify whether the results of the individual weighings should be included in the statistics.
“Off”:
The results of the weighings are not included in the statistics.
“On”:
The results of the dynamic weighings are included in the statistics
and can be subsequently evaluated. You will find information
about use of the statistics function in section 11.4.3.
Factory setting:
“Off” (statistics deactivated)
11.3.12Special SmartSens and ErgoSens settings for dynamic weighing
For the SmartSens and ErgoSens sensors additional settings are available for dynamic weighing.
“Start” and “Result” emulate the function keys with the same name.“OK” emulates pressing the button with the same name in the dialogs for dynamic weighing (but not in the
menu) to confirm inputs and actions.
If one of these settings is activated, the green “F” (function) in the status bar under the
corresponding sensor lights up.
Factory setting:
“Off” for all 4 sensors.
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137
11.4 Working with the “Dynamic Weighing” application
In this section you will learn how to work with the “Dynamic Weighing” application. It goes without saying that you can change the
resolution of the weighing result (e.g. to speed up the weighing operation), work with identifications, etc. Since you already know about
these possibilities from the “Weighing” application (section 5.3), they are not explained again here.
11.4.1 Dynamic weighing with automatic start
Settings
To perform a dynamic weighing with automatic start,you must have activated the“AutoStart”
function and specified the corresponding minimum weight (section 11.3.4). No special
function keys need be activated, but we recommend you to switch on the “ID” function key
if you want to assign an identification to each sample. Both of the required information
fields,“AutoStart” and “Status”, are already activated at the factory (section 11.3.6).
Performing the weighing
Make sure that the “Status” information field is displaying “Ready”. If it is displaying “Not
ready”, wait until the display is stable and the status changes to “Ready”. If “Please Zero”
is displayed, press the «G» key.
If you work with a weighing container, place the container on the weighing pan and press
the «H» key to tare the balance. If you want to give the weighing object an identification, press the “ID” function key and enter the desired identification (alternatively you can
read the identification in with a chip scanner).
Place the weighing object on the balance.The weight of the weighing object must be greater
than the weight shown in the “AutoStart” information field, otherwise the weighing cycle
will not start automatically. After the automatic start, the window shown at left appears.
When the weighing is finished, the result is displayed along with a prompt to remove the
weighing object.
If automatic reporting of the individual values is activated (section 11.3.8), the result of
the weighing is printed out automatically. To print out the weighing result manually, press
the «F» key.
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138
When you remove the weighing object (and provided the“AutoTare”function is activated) the
display is automatically reset to zero. The balance is then ready for the next weighing.
11.4.2 Dynamic weighing with manual start
Settings
To perform a dynamic weighing with manual start, the “Step procedure” or “Quick procedure” function must be activated (section 11.3.4). The “Start” function key must also
be activated.
Both of the information fields “AutoStart” and “Status” are activated at the factory (section
11.3.6). Note: The “Status” information field is not needed for dynamic weighing with
manual start since the application is always “Ready”.
Performing the weighing
If you work with a weighing container, place the container on the weighing pan and press
the «H» key to tare the balance. If you want to give the weighing object an identification, press the “ID” function key and enter the desired identification. (Alternatively, you
can read the identification in with a chip scanner).
– If you selected the “Step procedure” function:
Press the “Start” function key. If the “AutoTare” function is activated, the display is automatically set to zero. You will then be prompted to place the weighing object on the
balance. When you have done this, press the “OK” button to start the measurement.
– If you selected the “Quick procedure” function:
Load the object to be weighed onto the balance and press the “Start” function key.The
measurement starts immediately.
When the weighing is finished, the result is displayed along with a prompt to remove the
weighing object.
If automatic reporting of individual values is activated (section 11.3.8), the result of the
weighing is printed out automatically. To print out the weighing result manually, press the
«F» key.
Remove the weighing object and confirm with “OK” (not required for the “Quick procedure”
function). The balance is then ready for the next weighing.
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139
11.4.3 Recording statistics of dynamic weighing
Settings
To record statistics of dynamic weighing, the statistics function must be activated (section 11.3.11). You should also activate the function keys shown at left (section 11.3.2).
Using the statistics
With the statistics function activated, all weighing results are automatically transferred
to the statistics (up to 999 values). If an incorrect result is included in the statistics by
mistake, you can remove it with the “CL Last” function key. However, you can only remove
the last result that was included. After you have removed the incorrect result, the key
becomes inactive and only functions again after the next result has been transferred to
the statistics.
You can press the “Result” function key to open the statistics window. The key is only
available if there are values in the statistics, otherwise it is shown dimmed and cannot
be operated.
You can print the statistics by pressing the «F» key. You will find explanations of the
individual values in section 11.4.4.
If you want to terminate the current weighing series and clear the statistics ready for a
new series, press the “CL Result” function key. For safety, you will be asked for confirmation before the statistics are finally deleted. Note: If the key is shown dimmed, there are
no values in the statistics.
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140
11.4.4 Example of a dynamic weighing report
--- Dynamic Weighing --1.Mar 2004
11:36
AutoStart
5.00 g
User Name
User 7
WeighBridge SNR:
1234567890
Terminal SNR: 1112345678
Shown at left is an example of a report of statis­tical values for a series of dynamic weighings.
The values which are included in the header line, as individual values, and in the footer,
depend on your individual report settings (section 11.3.7).
The following explanations relate only to the specific items of information for dynamic
weighing and the associated statistical values contained in the example report shown
at left. You will find explanations of the other information items in the report in section
5.2.8:
“AutoStart”:
Records whether the “AutoStart” function is active (section
11.3.4). If the function is activated, the associated minimum
weight is displayed.
“dw”:
Results of the individual weighings (“dw” = dynamic weighing).
“n”:
Number of individual weighings included in the statistics.
“x”:
Average (mean) weight of all weighings included in the statistics.
The mean is reported with a resolution 10 times higher than
for the individual measurements.
“s”:
Standard deviation of the series.The same comment regarding
the resolution applies as for “x” above.
“s.rel”:
Relative standard deviation of the series (in percent).The value
is always reported with 2 decimal places.
“Sum”:
Accumulated weight value of all individual measurements in
the statistics.
Signature
“Min”:
Lowest value determined in the current measurement series.
........................
“Max”:
Highest value determined in the current measurement series.
“Diff”:
Difference between the lowest and highest values in the current
series.
dw
dw
dw
dw
dw
n
x
s
s.rel
Sum
Min.
Max.
Diff
30.61
31.34
30.65
30.21
31.06
g
g
g
g
g
5
30.774
0.437
1.42
153.87
30.21
31.34
1.13
g
g
%
g
g
g
g
Important information for interpretation of the reported results
The values for “x” and “s” are calculated results which are shown with a higher resolution
than the individual values. For small series of measurements (< approx. 10 measurement
values),and measurement series with small deviations,the significance of the last decimal
place cannot be guaranteed. You will find the formulas used for calculating these values
in section 6.4.4.
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141
12 The “Differential Weighing” Application
This section describes the “Differential Weighing” application. Here you will find information on how to work with this application and
on the relevant setting options.
Please note that all settings for the “Differential Weighing” application are stored under the active user profile. This means that you can
enter user-specific settings for this application. You must therefore ensure that you have first selected the desired user profile.
Important: Specific data related to differential weighing (definitions and names of series and samples, etc.) and weighing results are
stored in a database. The database is independent of the user profile. There is only one database available for all users.
12.1 Introduction to the “Differential Weighing” Application
The Differential Weighing application is used to analyze changes in the weight of one or more samples. The first step is to determine
the initial weight of the sample (weighing in). Selected components are then separated from or added to the sample. This includes
procedures such as drying, centrifugation, filtering, inc­ineration, vaporization, coating, etc. After the sample has been processed, it is
re-weighed (residual weight). The balance then determines the difference between the two weighed values.
You can define up to 99 series, each of which can contain multiple samples (the balance can manage a maximum total of 500 samples).
Each sample can be tared, weighed in, and re-weighed up to 3 times.
For each series, you can also define whether the operating sequence is performed automatically or manually. In automatic processing,
the balance guides you through each step of differential weighing for every sample (taring, weighing in, residual weighing). In manual
processing, you can specify the order in which you want to process the samples. In both types of processing, the balance stores the
current status of each sample in consecutive order, and thus prevents the accidental duplication of operating steps (for example, it is
not possible to weigh the same sample twice).
Many of the application-specific settings are identical to those of the “Weighing” application. However, there are some additional
application-specific settings for Differential Weighing. In the following description, only settings that differ from the “Weighing” application are ­described in detail.
12.2 Selecting the Application
D
If the “Differential Weighing” application is not already active, press the «D» key. Choose
the icon for the application in the selection window.
When the application has been selected, the display opposite appears. Some of the
specific function keys, as well as specific information fields for differential weighing, are
activated ex works. You can adapt these and other ­settings to your own requirements, as
described in the following sections.
Note: The figure opposite shows the application after the initial start. All function keys are
inactive, as no settings for series and samples have yet been made. Only one series is predefined ex works. This series does not contain any samples (“Series 1” with 0 samples).
The “Differential Weighing” Application
142
12.3 Settings for the “Differential Weighing” Application
A number of specific settings are available for differential weighing, which can be used to adapt the application to suit your needs.
12.3.1 Overview
E
The application-specific settings can be accessed via the «E» key. The first of a total of 3
menu pages appears after pressing this key.
The setting options for the “Differential Weighing” application are virtually identical to those for “Weighing” (section 5.2). Only the settings that differ from the Weighing application are described below. These concern the following menus:
“Series”:
In this menu, you can define a new series, edit and delete existing series, and select a series for performing differential weighing.
“Function Keys”:
Additional function keys are available for differential weighing.
“Info Field”:
Additional information fields are available for differential weighing.
“Protocol”:
Additional protocol information can be defined for differential weighing.
“Print Key”:
In this menu, you specify whether values for the selected sample or for the whole series are printed when the «F» key is pressed.
“Bar Code”:
In this menu there is an additional setting for differential weighing.
“AntiStatic Kit” (Model dependent):
Settings for the optional antistatic kit (section 5.2.18)
Note: The unit of measure selected in the “Display Unit” menu is used for display and in the printed protocol. However, the application
always records and stores data internally using the unit “g” (grams).
The specific settings for the “Differential Weighing” application are described in detail in the following sections. Note: The menu for
defining and editing a series is very extensive, and is therefore described separately (see section 12.4).
The “Differential Weighing” Application
143
12.3.2 Specific Function Keys for Differential Weighing
The first two pages of the function key menu offer the following settings for differential weighing:
“Sample ID”:
Use this function key to assign a name to each sample in the
current series.
“CL Sample”:
Deletes all measured values for a sample and resets the sample
ID to the default text (see section 12.5.6). The sample itself
remains in the series.
“Series”:
Use this function key to select the series with which you want
to w­ork.
“Tare”:
Tares a sample vessel in a separate operation.
“T & wgh. in”:
Activates taring of the sample vessel with subsequent weighing
­in of the sample.
“Initial weighing”:
Initial weighing of the sample is performed in a separa­te
operation.
“Residual wgh”:
Starts the residual weighing of a sample.
“Info”:
Displays information on the current series (sample IDs, measured values, results).
“No tare”:
Enables differential weighing without tare. Only activate this
key if you want to measure a whole series without taring (see
section 12.5.6).
“Copy tare”:
Copies the tare value of the first sample for all further samples
in the current series for which the tare value has not yet been
recorded (see section 12.5.6).
“CL value”:
Deletes the weight value that was just recorded (tare, weigh-in
or re-weigh weight) (section 12.5.6).
All other function keys are identical to those for the “Weighing” application (section
5.2.2).
Factory default setting: “T & wgh. in”, “Residual wgh”, “Series”, “Info” and “CL value”
activated (in this order).
12.3.3 Specific Information Fields for Differential Weighing
The fo­llowing­settings for differential weighing are available in the menu for the information fields:
“Series ID”:
Displays the name of the selected series.
“Procedure”:
Displays the procedure for the selected series (automatic or
manual).
“Number of sa.”: Displays the number of samples in the selected series.
All other information fields are identical to those for the “Weighing” application.
Factory default setting: “Series ID”,“Procedure” and “Number of sa.” activated (in this
order).
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12.3.4 Specific Protocol Information for Differential Weighing
The five submenus in which you can select
options for records contain additional settings for differential weighing. These are
described­ below. For further information
on protocol settings, please also refer to
the settings in the “Print Key” menu (section 12.3.5).
Note:The other available protocol ­information
is the same as for the“Weighing”application
and is not described here.
The printout header
An additional setting for differential weighing is available on the second page of this
submenu:
“Series ID”:
Prints the ID of the selected series.
Factory default setting: “Appl. Name” (“Differential Weighing” is printed) and “Date/
Time” (in this order); no specific information is activated for
differential weighing.
Printing protocols for single values
The following specific settings are available for differential weighing on the first and
second pages of this submenu: These settings define which additional information is
printed for each sample:
“Series ID”:
Prints the series ID.
“Sample ID”:
Prints the sample ID.
“Tare time”:
Prints the date and time at which the tare value was recorded.
“Tare”:
Prints the tare weight value.
“Weighing in ti...”:
Prints the date and time of weigh­-in.
“Weighing in”:
Prints the initial weight value.
“Time 1 res.wgh”:
Prints the date and time of the first residual weight.
“1. Residual wgh”:
Prints the weight value of the first residual weight.
“Time 2 res.wgh”:
Prints the date and time of the second residual weight.
“2. Residual wgh”:
Prints the weight value of the second residual weight.
“Time 3 res.wgh”:
Prints the date and time of the third residual weight.
“3. Residual wgh”:
Prints the weight value of the third residual weight.
Factory default settings: “Sample ID”, “Tare”, “Weighing in” and “1. Residual wgh” (in
this order).
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Defining the results protocol
In this submenu, you define the format in which the results of differential weighing are
printed. The following settings­are available:
“Diff.”:
Absolute weight difference between initial weight and residual
weight.
“Diff. %”:
Difference between initial weight and residual weight as a
percentage of the initial weight value.
“Abs. %”:
Residual weight as a percentage of the initial weight (weigh-in
value).
“Atro AM”:
Moisture content of the sample as a percentage of the dry
weight (“ATRO Moisture Content”).
“Atro AD”:
Wet weight of the sample as a percentage of the dry weight
(“ATRO Dry Content”).
Factory default setting: “Diff.”,“Diff. %”,“Abs. %” and “Atro AM” (in this order).
To print the results protocol, press the «F» key (prerequisite: the Print key has been
configured for printing series data, see section 12.3.5). Results are printed in the display
unit selected.
The formulae used to calculate the above settings are provided in section 12.6.
Printout footer
On the second page of this submenu, you define which additional information for differential weighing is printed in the footer of the printout after the results­:
“Series ID”:
Prints the series ID.
Factory default setting: “Signature” and “3 Blank Lines” (in this order); no specific
information is activated for differential weighing­.
No. of decimal places
In this submenu, you define the number of decimal places to be included in the results.
“1” – “5”:
The results are displayed in the printout with the defined number
of decimal places.
Factory setting:
“3”
Note: This setting refers only to the results of differential weighing calculated by the
application. Weight values (tare, weigh-in, residual weight) are always recorded in the
maximum resolution of the balance used.
For a sample printout of differential weighing, see section 12.5.5.
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12.3.5 Print Key Behavior
In the “Print Key” menu, you can define which data is printed when the «F» key is pressed.
“Sample”:
Pressing the «F» key displays a selection window that lists
all the samples in the current series. Here you can select the
sample for which you want to the print the data.
“Series”:
When you press the «F» key, the data for all samples in the
current series is printed out.
Factory setting:
“Sample”
12.3.6 Special settings for processing barcode data
The “Bar Code” menu contains an additional setting for differential weighing.
“Sample ID”:
The barcode that has been scanned in is interpreted as the
sample identification. If there is a sample with this ID in the
current series, the respective sample is called up and is immediately available for execution of the next work step. If the
current series does not contain a sample with this ID, a corresponding message appears.
Note: If a series contains several samples with the same ID,
the first sample whose ID matches the barcode that has been
read in is selected.
Factory setting:
“Open Input”.
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12.4 Defining, Editing, Deleting, and Selecting a Series
Before you can perform differential weighing, you must define at least one series with at least one sample.
Note: When the application is started, the balance checks that at least 1 series exists. If no series is defined, the application automatically generates series 1.
Press the «E» key and select the menu for defining a series (on the first menu page). This
menu contains options for creating a new series, and for editing or deleting an existing
series. In the final menu option, you can select the series with which you want to work.
These options are explained in more detail in the following sections.
12.4.1 Defining a New Series
Choose “Series....New”. In this submenu, you can define a new series. The following options are available:
“Designation”:
Opens an alphanumeric input field in which you can enter a
name for the series (max. 20 characters).The series are numbered consecutively as a factory default setting (“series x”).
You can change the default text to a name of your choice.
“No. of samples”:
Opens a numeric input field in which you can define the number
of samples in the series.
Note: The balance can manage a maximum of 500 samples.
For one series, a maximum of 500 samples minus the number
of samples already used is therefore available. If you enter a
value that exceeds the number of available samples, a corresponding error message is displayed (this may take some
time).
“Procedure”:
You can choose between an automatic or manual procedure
for differential weighing. In automatic processing, the balance
guides you through each step of differential weighing for every
sample (taring,weighing in,re-weighing).For more information,
see section 12.5.3. In manual processing, you can specify the
order in which you want to process the samples (see section
12.5.4).
“Sample ID”:
Each new sample is automatically assigned a standard name
and a consecutive number (“Sample x”). You can use the
alphanumeric input field to change this to a name of your
choice (max. 20 characters).
Note: If you have activated the function key with the same
name, you can also change the sample names directly without
having to use the menu.
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12.4.2 Editing an Existing Series
Choose “Series....Edit”. A selection field is displayed in which you can select the series that you want to edit. For editing, the same options are available as for defining a new series (see the previous section).
Note: It is only possible to reduce the number of samples in the series if you do not delete samples for which measured values already
exist. Example: If you reduce the number of samples for a series from 20 to 10, and measured values already exist for sample 15, the
number of samples can only be reduced to 15. You can only continue to reduce the series by deleting the measured values for the
affected samples (in this case the measured values for samples 11 – 15).
Attention: All series are stored in a single database that is available to all users. You can therefore also edit series
created by other users. For this reason, you should proceed with caution when editing a series and consult other
users if necessary.
12.4.3 Deleting a Series
Choose “Series....Clear”. A selection field is displayed in which you can select the series
that you want to delete. Before the series is deleted, the prompt displayed opposite appears. If you respond with yes, the series is deleted together with all measured values
and calculated results.
Attention: All series are stored in a single database that is available to all users. You can therefore also delete series created by
other users. For this reason, you should proceed with caution when
deleting a series, and consult other users if necessary.
12.4.4 Selecting a Series for Differential Weighing
Choose “Series....Selection”. A selection field is displayed in which you can select the series with which you want to work. Note: Instead
of selecting the series via the menu, we recommend that you activate the “Series” function key, which enables you to select a series
directly without having to use the menu (see section 12.3.2).
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12.5 Using the “Differential Weighing” Application
This section describes how to work with the “Differential Weighing” application and print the results.
12.5.1 The Different Methods of Differential Weighing
The “Differential Weighing” application supports three possible methods for performing differential weighing. These three methods are
described in the following.
Method 1 (with taring and weighing in in a single cycle)
This is the simplest method, as the tared weight of the sample vessel and the initial weight (net weight) of the sample are determined
in a single procedure:
Step 1
Taring and weighing in
Step 2
Treat
sample
Step 3
Residual
weighing
Step 4
Print
results
Function keys
Sample 1
Sample 2
Sample n
(n = 1..500)
Method 2 (with separate taring and weighing in)
In this method, the weight of the sample vessel (tared weight) and the initial weight (net weight) of the sample are determined in
separate procedures. With this method, all weighing vessels are tared first, and then all samples are weighed in a second procedure:
Step 1
Step 2
Taring Weighing in
Sample 1
Sample 2
Sample n
(n = 1..500)
Step 3
Treat
sample
Step 4
Residual
weighing
Step 5
Print
results
Function keys
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150
Method 3 (user-defined)
While methods 1 and 2 automatically follow on from one sample to the next, method 3 permits the user to define the operating sequence,
i.e. the taring, weighing in, and residual weighing can be performed as individual steps for each sample. It is therefore not obligatory to
carry out all 3 steps for a particular sample before moving on to the next. The following is an example of user‑defined operation:
Step 1
Step 2
Taring Weighing in
Step 3
Treat
sample
Step 4
Residual
weighing
Step 5
Print
results
Function keys
Sample 1
Sample 2
Sample 3
Sample 2
Sample 1
You need to make the appropriate default settings for each working method as described in the following section.
12.5.2 Default Settings
This section provides information on the recommended default settings for differential weighing.
Regardless of the method used, the function keys opposite should be activated for every
differential weighing procedure so that you can select the series and perform differential
weighing (you can also select the series via the menu).
You can also activate these three function keys. These enable you to change the name
of a sample at any time (also possible via the menu), call the existing measured values
for the current series, and delete the last entered value.
If you are working with method 1 (taring and weighing-in in a single cycle), the function
key opposite should be activated.
Activate this function key if you are using method 2 (taring and weighing-in in separate
steps) or method 3 (user-defined procedure).
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151
For specific cases, you can also activate these three function keys. These enable you to
transfer the first tare value to all further samples, and allow differential weighing for a
series without taring (section 12.5.6).
12.5.3 Differential Weighing: Automatic Procedure
This description only applies if you have selected the automatic procedure for the series.
Note: The automatic procedure guides you through method 1 or 2.You can exit automatic
processing and switch to manual processing at any time. Conversely, you can also switch
from manual to automatic processing at any time.
Preparatory steps
The series that is currently active is displayed in the “Series ID” information field. If you
want to process a different series, press the “Series” function key and select the required
series.
Note: To prevent incorrect operation, only the function keys available for the next operating
step are active (all other keys are displayed in gray and cannot be selected).
If you want to change the default sample ID and have not already done so when defining
the series (section 12.4.1), press the “Sample ID” function key and enter the required
name for each sample. The selected names are also displayed on the protocols.
Taring and weighing in samples
Press the “T & wgh. in” function key to start differential weighing.
Note: In this function, taring and weighing in are performed in a single procedure. If you
want to separate the two procedures, you can define separate function keys for taring and
for weighing in (section 12.3.2).
The balance displays the first sample in the series for which no tare and weight values
are available. If you want to tare and weigh in a different sample, press the arrow key at
the bottom of the window. In this example, however, we presume that you want to start
with the first sample. Confirm this by pressing “OK”.
Wait until the balance prompts you to load the weighing vessel (tare) for the first sample.
When you have done this, press “OK”. While the balance is determining the tare weight,
a corresponding message is displayed.
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152
When the balance has determined the tare weight, you are prompted to begin weighing.
To perform weighing in, add the weighing sample to the container and then press “OK”.
While the balance is determining the weight, a corresponding message is displayed.
Once weighing in is complete, you are prompted to remove the sample. Remove the
sample vessel containing the sample and confirm with “OK”.
Taring and weighing in of the first sample in the series is now complete. The balance then
automatically starts the above procedure for taring and weighing in all further samples
in the series.
Note: You can terminate all tare and weighing in procedures at any time.All values recorded
up to this point will be saved. If you then press the “T & wgh. in” function key again, the
balance automatically calls the first sample for which there is no tare or weigh-in value.
After the last sample, a message is displayed confirming that taring and weighing is
complete for all samples in the series.
Confirm the message with “OK”. The balance is then ready to perform residual weighing.
Before residual weighing, you separate components from, or add new components to the
samples. This includes procedures such as drying, centrifugation, filtering, inc­ineration,
vaporization, coating, etc..
Residual weighing of samples
Press the “Residual wgh.” function key.
Since you can re-weigh every sample up to 3 times (e.g. for samples in which components
are added or separated in several steps), a window is displayed in which you which residual
weighing procedure is being performed. In this example, no residual weighing has yet
been performed. Only the first residual weighing is therefore offered for selection.
To start residual weighing, press the button for the required residual weighing procedure.
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153
The balance displays the first sample in the series for which no­corresponding residual
weight values are available. If you want to perform residual weighing for a different sample,
press the arrow key at the bottom of the window. In this example, however, we presume
that you want to start with the first sample. Confirm this by pressing “OK”.
Wait until the balance prompts you to load the selected sample for residual weighing.
Load the weighing vessel (tare) with the first sample and then press “OK”.
While the balance is determining the weight, a corresponding message is displayed.
When residual weighing is complete, you are prompted to remove the sample. Remove
the sample vessel containing the sample and confirm with “OK”.
This completes residual weighing for the first sample.The balance then automatically starts
the above procedure for residual weighing of all further samples in the series.
Note: You can terminate any residual weighing procedure at any time. All values recorded
up to this point will be saved. If you then press the “Residual wgh.” function key again, the
balance automatically calls the first sample for which there is no residual weight value.
If you want to perform further residual weighing, press the “Residual wgh.” function
key and select the required residual weighing procedure from the list (a maximum
of 3 residual weights per sample is allowed).
Displaying the results of differential weighing
You can use the “Info” function key at any time to display the results of differential weighing. In the example opposite, the results for the first sample are displayed (press the arrow
key at the bottom right of the screen to display the results of further samples). The values
have the following meaning:
“Series ID”:
Name of the series
“Sample ID”:
ID of the sample
“T”:
Tare value of the sample
“NE”:
Net weigh-in value
“NR 1”:
Net value of 1st residual weight Note: If multiple residual
weights have been performed, these are listed as “NR 2” and
“NR 3”, and the corresponding results are also labeled with
the relevant numbers (e.g. “Diff. 2”)
“Diff. 1”:
Absolute difference between initial weigh-in and 1st residual
weight of the sample
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154
If the results for one sample take up several windows, you can use the scroll buttons at
the bottom left of the screen to switch between the individual results windows.
“Diff.% 1”:
Difference between initial weigh-in and 1st residual weight
of the sample as a percentage of the initial weight (weigh-in
value)
“Abs.% 1”:
Residual weight value as a percentage of the weigh-in value
“Atro AM 1”:
Moisture content of the sample as a percentage of the dry
weight
“Atro AD 1”:
Wet weight of the sample as a percentage of the dry weight.
Note: The formulae used to calculate the above results are provided in section 12.6.
12.5.4 Differential Weighing: Manual Procedure
The manual procedure is essentially the same as the automatic procedure for differential weighing, except that you determine the
sequence in which you want to process the samples. The preparatory steps are the same for both methods.
When you start differential weighing with the “T & wgh. in” function key (tare and weigh in­), a selection window is displayed. Here you
can select the sample for which you want to perform taring and weighing in.
In contrast to the automatic procedure, when an operating step is called, the application does not automatically display the first sample
for which no value is yet available.­Instead, you must select the sample that you want to process.
Unlike the automatic procedure, the balance provides no further guidance through the process after taring and weighing in the first
sample, and the process is not automatically restarted. You can then either tare and weigh in additional samples, or perform residual
weighing for the first sample immediately (function key “Residual wgh.”).The selection window for samples is also displayed in residual
weighing.
Note: In the sample selection window, only those samples for which the current procedure has not already been performed are displayed.
12.5.5 Printing the Results of Differential Weighing
The result of the current differential weighing can be printed using the «F» key. Depending on your settings, either ­the selected sample
or the whole series is printed. The following is an example printout with some explanations.
- Differential weighing19.Apr 2006
16:59
Sample ID
M414/1
T
6.7125 g
NE
17.0930 g
NR 1
15.6778 g
Diff. 1
-1.4152 g
Diff. % 1
-8.279 %
Abs. % 1
91.721 %
Atro AM 1
-9.027 %
Signature
........................
If you selected the “Sample” setting in the “Print Key” menu, (section 12.3.5), pressing
the «F» key prints the result of differential weighing for a single sample.
Before printing, a selection window is displayed. Here you can select the sample whose
values you want to print. A sample printout is illustrated here.
The settings you make in the“Protocol” menu control which information is printed (section
12.3.4). The protocol opposite is based on the factory default settings.
If you selected the “Series” option in the “Print Key” menu (section 12.3.5), the values
for all samples in the current series are printed.
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155
12.5.6 Additional Options
This section describes some further functions of the “Differential Weighing” application.
Deleting a single value
If you realize immediately after entering a value (tare, weigh in, residual weighing) that you
have made a error, you can delete the last entered value using the “CL value” function
key. However, this is only possible if no menu has been called, and if you do not exit the
application in the meantime. The last value that was recorded can also not be deleted
after you change the sample or the series.
Deleting all values for a sample
If you have made an error in differential weighing, you can delete all measured ­values
for a single sample.
Before you can delete the values for a sample, the “CL Sample” function key must be
activated (section 12.3.2).
After pressing the “CL Sample” function key, a selection window is displayed. Here you
can choose which sample you want to delete.
Before deletion, the balance requires you to confirm that you actually want to delete all
values for the selected sample. When you confirm the prompt, all available values for tare,
weighing in and residual weighing are deleted, and the sample ID is reset to the factory
default setting. Check the ID before continuing to work with this sample.
Note: The menu for the application-specific settings, includes a function for deleting a
whole series (section 12.4.3).
Attention: All series and sample are stored in a single database that is available to all
users. You can therefore also delete series and samples defined by other users. For this
reason, you should proceed with caution when deleting a series or sample, and consult
other users if necessary.
Copying the tare value
The “Copy tare” function key enables you to use the tare weight of the first sample for
all other samples in the series that do not yet have a defined tare value (existing tare
values are retained!). This can save a considerable amount of time if you use the same
tare vessel for all samples.
Note: The function key is inactive if no tare weight has been entered for the first sample,
or if all samples in the series already have a defined tare weight.
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156
When the function key is pressed, the prompt opposite appears. When you respond with
yes, the tare weight of the first sample is copied for all further samples in the current series
(as long as no tare weight has already been defined for these samples).
Differential weighing without tare
For certain applications in which no tare vessels are used (e.g. filter weighing), you can
suppress tare determination for the whole series. This saves an operating step.
Before you can process a series with no tare value, the “No tare” function key must be
activated (section 12.3.2).
After pressing the“No tare” function key, the balance displays a prompt. Before you confirm
this, please consider the following:
If you suppress the tare process, this applies for all samples in the series for which no
tare value yet exists (existing tare values are retained, all tare values that have not yet
been defined are set to zero). If you nonetheless want to enter a tare value for a particular
sample in this series, you first need to delete all the measured values for that sample.
12.6 Formulae Used for Calculating the Results of Differential Weighing
“Diff.”:
Residual weight – initial weight
“Diff. %”:
(Residual weight – initial weight) • 100 %
“Abs. %”:
“Atro AM” [0 ... -1000%]:
“Atro AD” [100 ... 1000%]:
Initial weight
Residual weight • 100 %
Initial weight
– [Initial weight (wet weight) – residual weight (dry weight)] • 100 %
Residual weight (dry weight)
Initial weight (wet weight) • 100 %
Residual weight (dry weight)
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157
13 The “LabX Client” application
This section provides an introduction to the “LabX Client” application. It provides information on starting the application and the setting
options. Please note that all settings for the “LabX Client” application are saved under the active user profile, so each user can
make their own settings for this application. Because of this, first make sure that you have selected the desired user profile.
13.1 Introduction to the “LabX Client” application
The “LabX Client” application registers your balance as a client in the “LabX balance” PC application (“LabX light balance” or “LabX
pro balance”).“LabX balance” enables the definition of complete dialog-controlled work processes for the balance, and can be used
to store and manage measured values and additional data in a database on the PC.
As soon as you have started the application, the balance establishes contact with “LabX balance” and following successful logon, the
PC application assumes control of the balance. The balance screen then displays the user navigation for “LabX balance”.
Since your balance is controlled as a “LabX Client” by the PC software,“LabX Client” only has a few application-specific settings.
13.2 Selecting the application
D
If the “LabX Client” application is not already active, press the «D» key. Choose the icon
for the application in the selection window.
Once the application has been selected, the balance tries to establish contact with the
“LabX balance” software on the PC. If logon is successful, the user navigation for “LabX
balance” is displayed. For all further instructions, refer to the operating instructions
for “LabX balance”.
Note: This application is not suitable for LabX 2010 or higher. In order for you to be able to use your balance
with this product, refer to section 3.7.
Attention: The “LabX” PC software is not covered in these instructions. For more information on working
with this software, see the separate operating instructions for LabX software.
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158
14 Firmware (software) updates
METTLER TOLEDO is continuously improving its balance firmware (software) for the benefit of customers. So that the customer can
benefit quickly and easily from further developments, METTLER TOLEDO makes the latest firmware versions available on the Internet.The
firmware made available on the Internet has been developed and tested by Mettler-Toledo AG using processes that meet the guidelines
of ISO 9001. Mettler-Toledo AG does not, however, accept liability for consequences that might arise from using the firmware.
14.1 Operating principle
You will find all the relevant information and updates for your balance on the METTLER TOLEDO website at the following address:
www.metter-toledo-support.com
A program known as the “e-Loader II” is loaded onto your computer together with the firmware update. You can use this program to
download the firmware to the balance.The “e-Loader II” can also save the settings in your balance before the new firmware is downloaded
to it. You can reload the saved settings into the balance manually or automatically after the firmware is downloaded.
If the selected update includes an application that is not described in these instructions (or that has been updated in the meantime)
you can download the corresponding instructions in Adobe Acrobat® PDF format.
Requirements
The minimum requirements for obtaining applications from the Internet and downloading them into your balance are as follows:
• PC with Microsoft Windows® operating system (Windows 98, 98SE, ME, NT4.0, 2000, XP, Vista or 7).
• Internet connection and web browser (e.g. MS Internet Explorer).
• PC to balance connection cable (e.g. No. 11101051 see section “Accessories”)
14.2 Update procedure
Installing the “e-Loader II” software from the Internet onto the PC.
- Connect to the Internet.
- Go to the site “www.mettler-toledo-support.com”.
- Enter the information required for registration on the METTLER TOLEDO Balance Support Site.
- Click the “Customer Support” link and log in.
- Click your Balance.
- Click the firmware version you need and install it.
Loading the new firmware into the balance.
Start the “e-Loader II” and follow the instructions, which will take you step-by-step through the installation.
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159
15 Error and status messages
15.1 Error messages occurring during normal operation
Most error messages appear in plain text directly in the respective application, and usually accompanied by a text describing how to
correct the error. Error messages of this type are self-explanatory and therefore not mentioned below.
The following error messages can appear instead of the weighing result:
Overload
The weight on the pan exceeds the weighing capacity of the balance. Reduce the weight
on the weighing pan.
Underload
Ensure that the weighing pan is correctly in place, can move freely, and does not catch
on the draft cover.
Error when switching on or zeroing G (weight display flashes)
When the balance was switched on (i.e. when it was connected to the power supply or
switched on from standby mode) or upon zeroing, one or more limits were exceeded.The
usual reason for this message to appear is when there is a weight on the weighing pan
when the balance is switched on. Remove the weight.
Taring or zeroing was interrupted
A taring or zeroing operation was aborted because a stable result was not obtained during the settling time (“Timeout”). Close the doors of the draft shield (if your balance is
equipped with a draft shield) and check the working location (vibrations, drafts). Press
“OK” and repeat the taring («H») or zeroing («G»).
15.2 Further error messages
If any error messages appear (“Error x”) other than those described above, please contact your METTLER TOLEDO dealer.
Error and status messages
160
15.3 Status messages
Status messages are displayed by means of small icons (symbols) in the top right of the display (under the date and time) (section 2.2).
The status icons indicate the following:
The balance would like to carry out a fully automatic ProFACT adjustment (see Operating instructions – Part
3) but is unable because another operating sequence is running. The adjustment is carried out as soon as the
balance is unloaded, the display becomes stable and no key has been pressed for 2 minutes. The status icon
disappears after the adjustment is successfully completed.
You have specified in the system settings that the balance should automatically request an adjustment using
an external weight (section 5.4.2). The balance uses this status icon and a corresponding message to prompt
you to carry out the adjustment. The status icon fades after the adjustment is successfully concluded or if you
indicate your decision not to carry out the adjustment (section 5.4.2).
You have specified in the system settings that the balance should automatically request adjustment testing
using an external weight (section 5.4.4). The balance uses this status icon and a corresponding message to
prompt you to carry out the test. The status icon fades after the adjustment is successfully concluded or if you
indicate your decision not to carry out the adjustment (section 5.4.4).
The “MinWeigh” is active (section 5.2.14).This status icon informs you that the minimum weigh-in value for the
current tare has not been reached yet and that the current weight value is outside the tolerance range specified by your quality assurance system. The status icon fades as soon as the minimum weigh-in value has been
reached (section 5.3.6).
It is time for the next scheduled test of the “MinWeigh” function (section 5.3.6). Contact your dealer’s customer
service department as soon as possible to have a service technician run the test.
The battery in your balance must be replaced. This battery ensures that the date and time are not lost when the
balance is disconnected from the network. Contact your dealer’s service department as soon as possible to have
a service technician change the battery.
Your balance is due for servicing. Contact your dealer’s customer service department as soon as possible to
have a technician service your balance.
The built-in level sensor (Model-dependent) has determined that the balance is not correctly leveled.This status
icon normally appears together with a warning text. Level the balance immediately (see Operating instructions
– Part 1). The status icon will disappear as soon as the balance is leveled correctly..
When the “Task is Waiting” icon is displayed, it means that a scheduled task to be performed is still pending.
Appendix
161
16 Appendix
16.1 Conversion table for weight units
Kilogram
1 kg
= 1000.0
g
1 g =
Milligram
1 mg
=
0.001
g
1 g =
1000.0
mg
Microgram
1 µg
=
0.000001
g
1 g = 1000000.0
µg
Carat
1 ct
=
0.2
g
1 g =
5.0
ct
Pound
1 lb
=
g
1 g ≈
0.00220462262184878
lb
Ounce (avdp)
1 oz
=
28.349523125
g
1 g ≈
0.0352739619495804
oz
Ounce (troy)
1 ozt
=
31.1034768
g
1 g ≈
0.0321507465686280
ozt
Grain
1 GN
=
0.06479891
g
1 g ≈
Pennyweight
1 dwt =
1.55517384
g
1 g ≈
Momme
1 mom =
3.75
g
1 g ≈
0.266666666666667
mom
Mesghal
1 msg ≈
4.6083
g
1 g ≈
0.217
msg
Tael Hong Kong
1 tlh
=
37.429
g
1 g ≈
0.0267172513291833
tlh
Tael Singapore
(Malaysia)
1 tls
≈
37.7993641666667
g
1 g ≈
0.0264554714621853
tls
Tael Taiwan
1 tlt
=
37.5
g
1 g ≈
0.0266666666666667
tlt
Tola
1 tola =
11.6638038
g
1 g ≈
0.0857353241830079
tola
Baht
1 baht =
15.16
g
1 g ≈
0.0659630606860158
baht
453.59237
0.001
15.4323583529414
0.643014931372560
kg
GN
dwt
Appendix
162
16.2 SOPs - Standard Operating Procedures
In the documentation of a GLP test, the SOPs are a small, but very important part.
Practical experience confirms that SOPs written in-house are followed much better than SOPs written by an an external, anonymous
source.
You will find below a brief overview of the responsibilities in relation to SOPs, as well as a checklist for creating an SOP.
Responsibilities in relation to SOPs
Head of testing laboratory
Instructs SOPs to be created
Approves SOPs with date and signature
Testing supervisor
Ensures that SOPs are available
Employees
Follow the SOPs and other guidelines
GLP quality assurance
Checks whether valid SOPs are available
Checks whether the SOPs are followed
Checks how and when changes are documents
Checklist for creating SOPs
Administrative matters
1.
Use of SOP forms
2. Name of testing laboratory
3. Date of creation of SOP
4. Archive reference for SOPs
5. Page number (1 of n)
6. Title
7. Date of release
8. Modification number
9. Designation of departments/offices responsible for implementation
10. Date and signatures:
a) Author
b) Person checking
c) Person authorized to approve
11. Distribution list
Yes
No
Appendix
163
Contents of the SOP
Yes
No
1. Introduction and objective
2. Material required
3. Description of work steps
4. Description of documentation
5. Data processing and evaluation
6. Documents, samples, etc., to be preserved
7. Archiving information
8. For administrative information, see page 162
16.3 Recommended printer settings
English, German, French, Spanish, Italian…
Printer
Balance
Balance / Printer
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
xx-P25/26/28
Ansi/ Win Latin 1
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
xx-P42/43/45
IBM/DOS1)
IBM/DOS
1200
8/No
1
None
<CR><LF>1)
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
xx-P25/263)/28
Ansi/ Win Latin 1
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
xx-P42/43/45
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
xx-P25/26/28
IBM/DOS Cyrillic
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
xx-P42/43/45
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
---2)
Chinese, Japanese
Printer
Balance
Balance / Printer
Russian
Printer
Balance
Balance / Printer
Katakana
Printer
xx-P25/26/28
xx-P42/43/45
Balance
Balance / Printer
Char Set
Char Set
Baudrate
Bit / Parity
Stop Bits
Handshake
End of Line
Ansi/ Win Japanese
Ansi/ Win
9600
8/No
1
Xon/Xoff
<CR><LF>1)
Ansi/ Win
1200
8/No
1
None
<CR><LF>1)
1)
Ansi/ Win
1)
Printer settings not available.
2)
Required font for this language not available.
3)
RS-P26 possible with firmware version 2.0 or higher
Index
164
17 Index
A
Access rights 25
Additive mode 68
Adjusted 59
Adjustment 19, 160
Adjustment testing 160
Administrator 25
Ambient conditions 31
Antistatic kit 53
Application “LabX Client” 157
Applications 13
Application-specific settings 14
Automatic door function 33
Automatic feeder 68
Automatic tare function 52
Automatic weight transfer 94
Automatic zeroing 75
Automatic zero point correction 31
AutoPrint 41
AutoTare 52, 55
AutoZero 31
Auxiliary liquid 112, 117, 121
B
Balance information 19
Bar code data 49
Battery 160
Brightness of the display 34
C
Certificate 50
Checklist for creating SOPs 162
Color palette 35
Component database 80, 85
Components 80, 90
Confirmation 35
Conventions 8
Copying the tare value 155
Custom unit 42
D
Date 11, 21
Density 110
Density application 110
Density statistics 123
Density table 126
Dialog language 32
Differential Weighing 141
“Differential Weighing” application 141
Display 11
Doors 33
Dynamic Weighing 127
E
e-Loader II 158
ErgoSens 52, 79, 96, 107, 116, 136
Error messages 159
External keyboard 50
F
Firmware 9, 13
Firmware (software) updates 158
Fixed reference piece number 92
Footers 45
Formula 81, 90
Formula database 81
Formulae 125
Formulas 73
Formulation 74
Formulation application 74
Fully automatic adjustment (calibration) 59
Function Keys 12, 39, 65, 76, 93, 104, 113, 129, 143
G
Gamma sphere 110, 119
Glass draft shield 33
GLP 162
H
Hanger for weighing below the balance 110
Header 43
I
ID 17, 24, 25
IDs 48, 56
Info fields 105, 114, 131
Information fields 12, 40, 65, 76, 93, 143
Interface 22
Introduction 8
Item counter 55
K
Keyboard 50
Keys 12
Index
165
L
Q
LabX balance 157
LabX Client 157
LabX light balance 157
LabX pro balance 157
Language 32
LC I/O 22
LC-I/O 64, 103
Leveling Assistant 28
Leveling procedure 28
Level sensor 28, 160
Level the balance immediately 160
Liquid 118
LV11 22, 64
Quality assurance system 38, 50, 58
R
Manual tare 54
Mean value 73
Measured value release 31
Method 149
Minimum weight 130
MinWeigh 50, 58, 160
MT-SICS 23
Record 48
Recording 26
Record printing 45
Record title 43
Reference 104
Reference optimization 93
Reference optimizing 101
Reference piece count 93
Reference piece number 97
Reference piece weight 92, 93, 97
Reference tare 51, 58
Reference weight 107
Relative standard deviation 73
Reminder function 27
Repeatability 31
Reset 25, 36
Residual weighing 152
Resolution 54
RS232C interface 22
N
S
Nominal value 71, 85, 100
Nominal weight 71, 72
Sample printout of a formulation 89
Screen saver 12
Security Check 81
Security system 17, 24
Series 147
Series weighing 69
Servicing 160
Simple weighing 12
Single values 44
Sinker 110, 118
SmartSens 10, 52, 79, 96, 107, 116, 136
SmartTrac 12, 40
Solid 121
Solid body 117
SOP 162
Stability detector 11, 12
Standard deviation 72, 73
Standard Operating Procedures 162
Standby 20
Statistics 64, 69, 112, 136, 139
Statistics application 64
Status icons 11, 160
Status messages 160
Summer time 22
Switching off the balance 11
M
O
Oil bath 121
Operating elements 9
Operating sequence 16
Optional density kit 110
Overload 159
P
Password 17, 24, 25
Pasty substance 119
Percent weighing 103
Percent Weighing application 103
Peripheral devices 22
Piece Counting 91
Piece Counting application 91
Plausibility check 68
Plausibility limit 68
Printer settings 163
Printout 72
ProFACT 160
Pycnometer 110, 120
Index
166
Switching on the balance 11
Symbols 8
System settings 14, 18
T
Tare memory 51
Tare preset 39, 52, 54
Taring 11, 12
Terminal 9
Testing adjustments 61
Time 11, 21
Timeout 159
Tolerances 82, 85
Touch screen 11
U
Underload 159
User profile 10, 13
User settings 30
User-specific settings 13
V
Variable reference 107
Volume 35
W
Weighing 37
Weighing application 37
Weighing in 151
Weighing mode 31
Weighing result 12
Weighing unit 12, 42
Weight display flashes 159
Weight units 161
Winter time 22
Z
Zeroing 10, 12
Zero point correction 31
Leer
GWP® – Good Weighing Practice™
The global weighing guideline GWP® reduces risks
associated with your weighing processes and helps to
•choose the appropriate balance
•reduce costs by optimizing testing procedures
•comply with the most common regulatory requirements
www.mt.com/GWP
www.mt.com/excellence
For more information
Mettler-Toledo AG Laboratory & Weighing Technologies
CH-8606 Greifensee, Switzerland
Tel. +41 (0)44 944 22 11
Fax +41 (0)44 944 30 60
www.mt.com
Subject to technical changes
© Mettler-Toledo AG 10/2010
11781077B 2.12
*11781077*