Quasonix Compact RDMS Specifications

 ISO 9001:2008
Certified
Installation and Operation Manual
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Quasonix, Inc.
6025 Schumacher Park Dr.
West Chester, OH 45069
06 November 2014
Revision 2.1.2
No part of the document may be circulated, quoted, or reproduced for distribution without prior written approval from
Quasonix, Inc.
Copyright Quasonix, Inc., All Rights Reserved.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Table of Contents
1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1
1.1
Description................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2
Nomenclature .............................................................................................................................. 1
1.2.1
Options .................................................................................................................................... 2
1.2.2
Detailed Option Descriptions................................................................................................... 2
1.2.3
Band Configurations ................................................................................................................ 5
2
Specifications......................................................................................................................................... 2
3
Installation Instructions .......................................................................................................................... 4
3.1
Mechanical................................................................................................................................... 4
3.2
Thermal........................................................................................................................................ 1
3.3
Electrical ...................................................................................................................................... 1
4
Operating Instructions............................................................................................................................ 4
4.1
Power-on Operation..................................................................................................................... 4
4.2
Stored Parameters....................................................................................................................... 4
4.3
RDMS Serial Control Protocol ..................................................................................................... 5
4.3.1
5
Tier 0 (PCM/FM), Tier I (SOQPSK-TG), and Tier II (Multi-h CPM) Commands ..................... 7
Performance Specifications ................................................................................................................. 20
5.1
DC Input..................................................................................................................................... 20
5.2
RF Frequency Error ................................................................................................................... 20
5.3
Bit Error Rate ............................................................................................................................. 20
5.4
Synchronization ......................................................................................................................... 21
5.4.1
RF Input................................................................................................................................. 23
6
IF Module ............................................................................................................................................. 25
7
Maintenance Instructions..................................................................................................................... 30
8
Product Warranty ................................................................................................................................. 31
9
Technical Support and RMA Requests ............................................................................................... 32
10
Appendix A – Bit Error Rate Testing ................................................................................................ 33
11
Appendix B – Pinouts for Optional 37 Pin Connector ...................................................................... 37
12
Appendix C – Detailed Output Control (OC) Command Settings .................................................... 39
13
Appendix D – Phase Noise Compensation...................................................................................... 41
13.1
Trellis Demodulation Basics ...................................................................................................... 41
13.1.1
Trellis Demodulation Summary......................................................................................... 42
13.2
Phase Noise Impact................................................................................................................... 43
13.3
Clock Jitter Impact ..................................................................................................................... 43
13.4
When to Use PNC ..................................................................................................................... 43
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Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
13.5
Know Your Transmitter .............................................................................................................. 44
14
Appendix E – Factory Reset Values ................................................................................................ 45
15
Appendix F – Acronym List .............................................................................................................. 49
List of Figures
Figure 1: Receiver Types and Options ......................................................................................................... 1
Figure 2: RDMS™ in 4.00” x 3.00” x 1.00” Compact Housing...................................................................... 5
Figure 3: MDM-15 Pin Numbers ................................................................................................................... 1
Figure 4: Baseband Signal Timing................................................................................................................ 2
Figure 5: RDMS™ Welcome Message ......................................................................................................... 6
Figure 6: BER Performance for Tier 0, I, and II .......................................................................................... 21
Figure 7: Synchronization Time at Various Signal-to-Noise Ratios ............................................................ 22
Figure 8: 70 MHz IF Module in 2” x 3” Chassis........................................................................................... 25
Figure 9: 70 MHz IF Module in 2” x 3” Chassis SAW Filter Responses, Narrow Group (10 MHz Span) ... 26
Figure 10: SAW Filter Responses, Wide Group (Plotted on 100 MHz Span)............................................. 27
Figure 11: Optional SAW Filter Responses for 70 kHz to 6 MHz ............................................................... 28
Figure 12: Optional SAW Filter Responses for 14 MHz and 28 MHz ......................................................... 29
Figure 13: Optional 37-Pin Numbers .......................................................................................................... 37
Figure 14: Ideal PCM/FM Phase Tree (h = 0.7).......................................................................................... 41
Figure 15: Phase Trajectory Never Forgets................................................................................................ 42
Figure 16: Trellis Detection Gain with Zero to Minimum Phase Noise ....................................................... 42
Figure 17: Trellis Detection Gain with Significant to Severe Phase Noise ................................................. 43
Figure 18: "Clean" Eye Pattern ................................................................................................................... 44
List of Tables
Table 1: Model Configuration Example......................................................................................................... 2
Table 2: Band Configuration Codes.............................................................................................................. 5
Table 3: MDM-15 Pin Assignments .............................................................................................................. 1
Table 4: Default Modulation Start Up............................................................................................................ 4
Table 5: Stored Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 4
Table 6: Standard and Optional User Commands........................................................................................ 7
Table 7: RDMS BER Specifications............................................................................................................ 20
Table 8: Band Configuration Codes............................................................................................................ 23
Table 9: Bit Error Rate Serial Commands................................................................................................... 33
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Table 10: Optional 37-Pin Assignments...................................................................................................... 37
Table 11: QPSK Factory Reset Values....................................................................................................... 45
Table 12: PCM/FM Factory Reset Values .................................................................................................. 46
Table 13: SOQPSK Factory Reset Values ................................................................................................. 47
Table 14: Multi-h CPM Factory Reset Values............................................................................................. 48
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
1 Introduction
1.1
Description
This document describes the installation and operation of the Quasonix Compact RDMS™ Telemetry Receiver. The
RDMS™ (Receiver / DeModulator / bit Synchronizer) is designed to demodulate RF signals in several formats:

PCM/FM (ARTM Tier 0)

SOQPSK-TG (ARTM Tier I)

Multi-h CPM (ARTM Tier II or ARTM CPM)

Legacy (PSK) suite, including

BPSK

QPSK

Asymmetric QPSK (AQPSK) Requires -37 option

Asymmetric Unbalanced QPSK (AUQPSK) Requires -37 option

Offset QPSK (OQPSK)

Unbalanced QPSK (UQPSK)

Digital PM
The RDMS™ provides true trellis demodulation in ARTM Tier 0, Tier I, and Tier II modes, delivering BER
performance within 0.2 dB of theory. It also provides a clock signal (two clock signals in the AQPSK and AUQPSK
modes), obviating the need for any outboard bit synchronizer.
The RDMS™ is manufactured by:
Quasonix, Inc.
6025 Schumacher Park Drive
West Chester, OH 45069
CAGE code: 3CJA9
1.2
Nomenclature
The RDMS™ is available in a number of variations, depending on the options specified at the time of order. The
features and modes installed in each unit are identified in the model number, as depicted in Figure 1.
Compact RDMS™ Part Numbering Example
QSX-RDMS
-
1
-
Quasonix, Inc.
Legacy
Extended
Tuning:
1: Yes
0: No
Figure 1: Receiver Types and Options
1
ARTM CPM
Channels
1: 1 RF input, 1 baseband output
2: 2 RF I/Ps, 2 bbnd O/Ps (no combiner)
3: 2 RF I/Ps, 3 bbnd O/Ps (incl. combiner)
Frequency
Band Code
(Refer to
band table)
0 - 1 1 1 0 - 00 - EQ
PCM/FM
Chassis
A15: 15-pin MDM Male TTL O/Ps
A37: 37-pin MDM Male TTL O/Ps
C15: 15-pin MDM Male 422 O/Ps
C37: 37-pin MDM Male 422 O/Ps
Q
SOQPSK*
Standard
Receiver/
Prefix Demodulator/
Synchronizer
A15
Pinout
Options, separated
by hyphens
(example Adaptive
Equalizer)
Mode
1: Yes
0: No
*SOQPSK-TG
*SOQPSK-LDPC
*SOQPSK-STC
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
1.2.1
Options
The available options include:

14
14 SAW filter option (Adds 70 kHz, 1.4, 3, 6, 14, and 28 MHz filters)

8F
Eight-way clock and data multiplexer (requires 37-pin connector)

DR
Double rate SOQPSK-TG (46 Mbps)

EN
Ethernet Payload

EQ
Adaptive Equalizer

ET
Extended temperature range (-40°C to +85°C)

K7
K7 Viterbi Decoder (k=7, rate 1/2)

WV
Wide voltage operating range (15 VDC - 35 VDC)
For example, a model QSX-RDMS-1-A15-Q0-1110-00-EQ is configured as follows:
Table 1: Model Configuration Example
Identifiers
1.2.2
Description
QSX
Quasonix product
R
Receiver / Demodulator / Bit Synchronizer
DMS
Demodulator / Bit Synchronizer
1
Channels
A15
15-pin MDM Male TTL Outputs
Q
Frequency band code
0
No Extended Tuning
1110
Tier 0 present, Tier I present, Tier II present,
Legacy (PSK) absent
00
Pinout
EQ
Adaptive Equalizer option
Detailed Option Descriptions
1.2.2.1
SAW Filter Option – 14
This option adds additional SAW filters, for a total of 14. Additional filters are 70 kHz, and 1.4, 3, 6, 14, and 28
MHz.
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Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
1.2.2.2
Eight-way Clock and Data Multiplexer – 8F
Normally, the three clock and data streams available on the MDM-37 are Clock and Data A (the primary), Clock
and Data B (the secondary for asynchronous PSK modulations), and Clock and Data C (what would normally be the
primary for the combiner channel in a rack mount configuration).
The 8F option allows the user to designate what information comes out on these pins by way of an eight-way
multiplexer (MUX). (Though there are a total of four pairs of clock and data, there are only enough pins to allow
access to three pairs in the compact configuration.) This makes it possible for the information from the primary
Clock and Data to be copied to the secondary and tertiary set of outputs, giving the user three simultaneous copies of
the information.
The 8F option also requires the -37 option to be installed on the receiver.
1.2.2.3
Double Rate - DR
The DR option provides double-speed SOQPSK-TG (46 Mbps). This option extends the standard upper bit rate limit
from 23 Mbps to 46 Mbps
1.2.2.4
Ethernet Payload - EN
When the EN option is enabled, all transmitted clock and data signals are serialized Ethernet packets.
1.2.2.5
Adaptive Equalizer - EQ
The Adaptive Equalizer option in the Quasonix receiver improves reception in multipath channels by using digital
signal processing to compensate for the signal distortion due to multipath. This option is compatible with standard
telemetry applications and installations and it works with any brand of transmitter.
Multipath fading can seriously degrade the quality of wireless telemetry data. Radio transmissions can reflect off of
the airframe or other objects and arrive at the receiving antenna with different time delays, carrier phases, and
relative strengths. The sum of these multiple transmission paths can produce serious distortion and signal fading
resulting in poor data quality and long periods of data outage. Contrary to most situations, increasing the transmit
power will not improve the link quality and may actually make the situation worse. Narrowing the beamwidth of the
antenna may help eliminate some of the reflections and reduce the overall fading and distortion, but constraints on
dish size and antenna tracking performance impose beamwidth limits.
Another solution is to mitigate the effects of the multipath channel by applying a filtering operation at the receiver
that effectively undoes the distortion caused by the channel, thereby 'equalizing' the received signal. Since the
transmitter is typically moving relative to the receiver, the RF propagation environment dynamically changes over
time requiring the equalizer to 'adapt' to continually combat the perceived channel distortion. The 'adaptive
equalizer' automatically calculates and applies a compensating filter to the received signal that restores its ability to
be recovered by a traditional telemetry detector.
1.2.2.6
Extended Temperature - ET
The ET option specifies an extended operating temperature range (-40°C to +85°C).
1.2.2.7
Viterbi Decoder (for Legacy PSK Only) - K7
The K7 option (k=7, rate 1/2) enables Viterbi decoding of a convolutionally encoded data stream, which converts it
back to the original (uncoded) source data stream.
Convolutional encoding adds redundant information to the transmitted data stream to help detect and correct bit
errors that may occur, particularly due to predominantly Gaussian noise. Use of convolutional encoding requires a
matching Viterbi decoder in the receiver to extract the source data. The decoded data rate is half the encoded data
rate.
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
The receiver has two independent decoders, one for in-phase (“I”) data and one for quadrature (“Q”) data. For
BPSK, only a single decoder is used. Each decoder is compatible with the convolutional encoding described in the
“Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, Recommendation for Space Data System Standards, TM
Synchronization and Channel Coding, CCSDS 131.0-B-1, Blue Book, September 2003, Section 3.”
1.2.2.8
Wide Voltage – WV
This option specifies a wide voltage operating range (15 VDC - 35 VDC).
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
1.2.3
Band Configurations
Band configuration codes are listed in Error! Reference source not found.. Two additional band codes are described in section 1.2.3.1.
Table 2: Band Configuration Codes
200.0
1415.0
Extended
400.0
Base P
1150.0
1435.5
Extended
Base 1585.0
1534.5
Lower L
Extended
1650.0
1750.0
Base Legend:
Frequency Gap
Standard (Base) Frequency Range
Extended Frequency Range (available by selecting Extended Tuning = 1 in part number)
Quasonix, Inc.
1850.0
Upper L
Freq. Code
A
C
E
F
G
H
L
M
P
Q
R
S
U
W
X
Y
Z
5
1855.0
2185.0
2200.0
Extended
Base S
Extended
2500.0
2394.5
4400.0
Base C
5250.0
5150.0
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
1.2.3.1
Additional Band Codes
Two additional band codes are available:

Band Code 7: 70 MHz standard range, 0.5 MHz-20 MHz, 70 MHz extended range

Band Code T: 2025.0 MHz to 2110.0 MHz standard range
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
2 Specifications
Characteristic
Specification
Receiver Section
Type
Dual-conversion superheterodyne
Input RF Frequency
Refer to Table 2
Tuning resolution
Tunes in 62.5 kHz increments, to the 70 MHz IF output, after the 70
MHz IF output, receiver tunes in increments of less than 1 Hz
Frequency stability
1 ppm over temperature
1 ppm per year aging
Reference oscillator
20 MHz
Noise figure
3.5 dB (typical), 5 dB (maximum)
LO phase noise, measured at 70 MHz IF output
-115 dBc/Hz @ 1 MHz offset
Maximum RF input
+20 dBm (+10 dBm for C-band)
Available gain (to 70 MHz IF output)
114 dB
Gain control
128 dB control range; User selectable: AGC or MGC (AGC freeze)
AGC time constant
Adjustable, 0.1 ms to 1000 ms
First IF bandwidth
60 MHz (nominal)
IF rejection
> 90 dB
Image rejection
70 dB
RF input impedance
50 ohms
Second IF Section
IF frequency
70 MHz
IF output level
0 dBm nominal (AGC mode)
IF output impedance
50 ohms
IF bandwidths
250 kHz, 500 kHz, 1 MHz, 2 MHz, 4.5 MHz, 10 MHz, 20 MHz, 40 MHz.
Automatic selection based on data rate, with manual override
Optional: 70 kHz, 1.4 MHz, 3 MHz, 6 MHz, 14 MHz, 28 MHz
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Demodulator Section
ARTM Tier 0 (PCM/FM), ARTM Tier I (SOQPSK-TG), ARTM Tier II (Multih CPM)
Demodulator type
Legacy suite: Analog FM, BPSK, QPSK, Offset QPSK (OQPSK),
Asymmetric QPSK (AQPSK), Unbalanced QPSK (UQPSK), Asymmetric
Unbalanced QPSK (AUQPSK), Digital PM
Bit Rates
Tier 0:
24 kbps to 23 Mbps in 1 bps steps
Tier I:
100 kbps to 46 Mbps in 1 bps steps
Tier II:
1 Mbps to 46 Mbps in 1 bps steps
Legacy: 25 kbps to 20 Mbps in Analog FM, 50 kbps to 10 Mbps in BPSK,
50 kbps to 20 Mbps in QPSK in 1 bps steps
Synchronization time(Average, at BER = 1e-5)
Tier 0:
250 bits, Tier I:
385 bits, Tier II:
2,800 bits
Tier 0: -8.0 dB Eb/N0; RF Input (dBm): -118.0 (1 Mbps), -108.0 (10 Mbps)
Synchronization threshold
Tier I: -6.0 dB Eb/N0; RF Input (dBm): -116.0 (1 Mbps), -106.0 (10 Mbps)
Tier II: -7.0 dB Eb/N0; RF Input (dBm): -117.0 (1 Mbps), -107.0 (10 Mbps)
Tier 0: 8.6 dB Eb/N0; RF Input (dBm): -101.4 (1 Mbps), -91.4 (10 Mbps)
Sensitivity (BER = 1e-5)
Tier I: 11.2 dB Eb/N0; RF Input (dBm): -98.8 (1 Mbps), -88.8 (10 Mbps)
Tier II: 13.0 dB Eb/N0; RF Input (dBm): -97.0 (1 Mbps), -87.0 (10 Mbps)
Bit Synchronizer Section
Input codes
NRZ-L/M/S, BIФ-L/M/S
Output codes
NRZ-L/M/S, BIФ-L/M/S
Data and clock out
TTL or RS-422
Lock detector out
RSSI
TTL
Single 0 – 3.3 VDC, 2 MHz bandwidth (-37 option required)
Video out
Dual wideband outputs, DC to 35 MHz (-37 option required)
Environmental Section
Operating Temperature
Non-operating Temperature
Operating Humidity
Vibration
Acceleration
Shock
Altitude
Physical Section
Size / Weight
Connectors
Power
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Quasonix, Inc.
-20°C to +70°C
-40°C to +85°C
0 to 95% (non-condensing)
20 G, 5 Hz to 2 kHz (all axes)
100 G (all axes)
100 G pk, half-sine, 5 ms (all axes)
Up to 100,000 ft.
4.00” x 3.00” x 1.00” / 11 oz.
RF input: SMA female
IF output: SMA female
Baseband: MDM-15 or MDM-37 (-37 option)
28 VDC ± 4 VDC, 750 mA typical
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
3 Installation Instructions
3.1
Mechanical
The Compact RDMS™ is designed to be mounted by eight (8) 6-32 screws through the holes along the front and
back edges, as depicted in Figure 2 on the following page.
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 2: RDMS™ in 4.00” x 3.00” x 1.00” Compact Housing
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
3.2
Thermal
It is important that the RDMS™ be kept within its specified operating range of -40°C to +70°C. At maximum bit
rates, the unit dissipates approximately 20 watts. At normal ambient room temperatures, a small fan blowing across
the top cover is adequate. Higher ambient temperatures will require more airflow and/or a finned heat sink on the
cover.
3.3
Electrical
The RDMS™ has three external connectors, an MDM-15 male for all baseband interfaces, a female SMA connector
for the RF input, and a second female SMA connector for an IF output. Note that first generation hardware did not
include the IF output. The pin numbering and wiring for the MDM-15 male connector is shown in Figure 3. Refer to
Appendix B for optional 37 pin information.
Figure 3: MDM-15 Pin Numbers
Table 3: MDM-15 Pin Assignments
Position
Signal
Description
1
+28 VDC
Primary 28 VDC power to module
2
Ground
Primary power return, 2 amps maximum;
Internally tied to pins 3, 6, and 10
3
Ground
Primary power return, 2 amps maximum;
Internally tied to pins 2, 6, and 10
4
Clock Out
Primary LVTTL clock output, Clock+ for RS 422
output
5
Data Out
Primary LVTTL data output, Data+ for RS 422
output
6
232 Ground
Ground return for RS-232 control lines; Internally
tied to pins 2, 3, and 10
7
Demod Lock Out
3.3 volt TTL lock detector output for all modes
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Position
Signal
Description
8
RS 232 Tx Output
RS-232 responses to host controller
9
+28 VDC
Primary 28 VDC power to module
10
Ground
Secondary power return, 2 amps maximum;
Internally tied to pins 2, 3, and 6
11
Power ON
Power on reset pin; Temporarily grounding this
pin is equivalent to power cycling the module
12
Clock Return
Ground for LVTTL outputs, Clock- for RS 422
outputs
13
Data Return
Ground for LVTTL outputs, Data- for RS 422
outputs
14
Ones Detect
LVTTL signal use for sync time testing
15
RS 232 Rx Input
RS-232 commands from host controller
By default, the output data is valid on the falling edge of the clock, as shown in Figure 4. The polarity of the output
clock may be inverted by use of the “CP 1” command described below.
Figure 4: Baseband Signal Timing
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
The 70 MHz IF output on the second SMA connector, labeled “IF OUT”, is provided for troubleshooting purposes.
The IF is resistively coupled from the input of the demodulator. Therefore, the signal level on the IF output should
be within 2 dB of the demodulator’s input.
The IF output must have a 50-ohm load at all times. Therefore, if it is not connected to external test equipment, then
the 50-ohm terminator that comes installed on the port must remain attached.
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
4 Operating Instructions
4.1
Power-on Operation
When the receiver is powered up, the integral demodulator defaults to a particular modulation mode, which is based
on the configuration of the unit. The modulation mode priority is outlined in Table 4.
Table 4: Default Modulation Start Up
Startup Order
4.2
Modulation
1
Legacy PSK
2
PCM/FM (Tier 0)
3
SOQPSK (Tier I)
4
Multi-h CPM (Tier II)
Stored Parameters
The following parameters are stored in the unit’s nonvolatile flash memory. The descriptions and default values are
listed in Table 5. As with the Quasonix part number ordering method, parameters are typically stored in binary
format. That is, “1” designates the feature is enabled, “0” designates the feature is disabled.
Table 5: Stored Parameters
Parameter Name
Description
Default Value
Bit Rate
24 kbps - 40 Mbps depending on mode
1 Mbps
Clock Polarity
1 or 0, denoting clock polarity inverted or
not, respectively
0 (inversion OFF)
Data Polarity
1 or 0, denoting data polarity inverted or
not, respectively
0 (inversion OFF)
De-Randomizer
1 or 0, denoting derandomizer ON or
OFF, respectively
0 (de-randomizer OFF)
Differential Decoding
1 or 0, depending on whether differential
decoding is ON
1 (differential decoding ON)
This is only meaningful for SOQPSK-TG
modulation. Note: IRIG 106-04 stipulates
the use of differential encoding, so
operation without differential encoding is
only possible with a demodulator
operating in a “non-IRIG 106” mode.
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Parameter Name
Frequency
Description
This is the desired frequency of the
receiver in MHz.
Default Value
1450.5 MHz, 1800.5 MHz, or
2370.5 MHz for Lower-L
band, Upper-L band, or S
band, respectively
1450.5 MHz for tri band
4675.0 MHz for C band
Modulation
This is the modulation method used.
Value of 0-10
QPSK, if it exists
Options are:
If not, then SOQPSK
0 - PCM/FM
If not, then MHCPM
If not, then PCM/FM
1- SOQPSK
2 - MHCPM
3 - BPSK
4 - QPSK
5 - AQPSK
6- AUQPSK
7 - OQPSK
8 - UQPSK
9 - DPM
10 - FM
Modulation Index
Tracking*
In PCM/FM mode only
A (Auto Tracking)
Allows Trellis demodulator to
automatically detect and adjust to
Modulation Indices not at ideal 0.7
*Note: If the user cannot guarantee that the transmit source is a new generation, digitally synthesized transmitter,
the receiver should be left in Tracking mode. Failure to do so will cause the receiver to fail to acquire improperly
deviated signals altogether. All tracking loops are already optimized for fastest synchronization, and should not be
adjusted in any way.
If the user knows for sure that the transmit source is digitally synthesized, the tracking should be set to Off, for the
minimum acquisition time.
4.3
RDMS Serial Control Protocol
The Compact RDMS™ is controlled via a simple three-wire serial interface (transmit, receive, and ground).
Configure your controller’s serial port to the following settings:

Baud rate of 115,200

8 bits

No parity

1 stop bit
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
For setup and configuration via a standard Windows-based PC, Quasonix recommends the application called
Terminal, a flexible, full-featured control interface that is included in the RDMS Product CD. Otherwise, one can
use HyperTerminal, included with the standard Windows installation (Start -> All Programs -> Accessories ->
Communications -> HyperTerminal).
When power is applied to the receiver, the welcome message, shown in Figure 5, displays.
Initializing...
downconverter init...
Quasonix Demod/Receiver Interface
IRIG-106 Release 07
6025 Schumacher Park Drive
West Chester, Oh 45069
(513) 942-1287
www.Quasonix.com <http://www.Quasonix.com>
CAGE CODE: 3CJA9
FPGA Revision: 0x3132 0x0000
PSK FW Revision: 2.0.043 7/29/2008
PSK>
Figure 5: RDMS™ Welcome Message
All commands are one or two alphabetic characters, followed by 0, 1, or 2 arguments. If the command is issued with
arguments, there must be a space after the alphabetic characters. The commands are not case sensitive.
All commands generate a response of one or more lines. The length of the response depends on the verbosity level
(set by the VL command). The last response line is always the currently selected mode (PCM/FM, SOQPSK, CPM,
or PSK), followed by the character “+” or “>”, depending on the version of the firmware. This prompt signifies that
the RDMS is ready to accept new characters.
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Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
4.3.1
Tier 0 (PCM/FM), Tier I (SOQPSK-TG), and Tier II (Multi-h CPM) Commands
The following table describes all receiver user commands. Listed are the command code, name, description of the
command, whether specific options must be ordered or the command is standard on all receivers, basic or advanced
command, and whether the command is restricted to specific waveform modes.
Note: If a user issues a command that does not apply to a given mode, an "Invalid Command" message is displayed.
Any command that is valid in a mode but is disabled due to the option not being installed, returns an "Option Not
Installed" message.
Table 6: Standard and Optional User Commands
Mnemonic
Name
Description
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
?
Help Message
Displays abbreviated list of
available commands
Standard
Basic
None
AD
Downconvert
Antenna
AD
Report the
downconvert antenna state
**Standard
Basic
None
Standard
Basic
None
AD 0 Set downconvert
antenna state to OFF
(Disabled)
AD 1 Set downconvert
antenna state to ON
(Enabled)
**Downconverting antenna
control only available when
using a 5-band
downconverter AND P and C
bands are available on the
unit. (applies to customers
using downconverting
antennas for C-band)
AE
AGC Enable
Enable or Disable Automatic
Gain Control (AGC)
Examples:
AE
Report AGC state
AE 0 Set AGC state to
OFF (Disabled)
AE 1 Set AGC state to ON
(Enabled)
7
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
AV
Name
Manual
Attenuator
Control
Description
Report or set the value of the
input attenuator
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Basic
None
Valid range is 0 to 124 dB
Examples:
AV
Report the input
attenuator setting
AV 0 Set input attenuator
to 0 dB
AV 124 Set input attenuator
to 124 dB
BE
Bit Error Rate
For Bit Error Rate
commands and information,
refer to Appendix A, Bit Error
Rate Testing.
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
BL
Break Lock
Breaks false locks
Standard
Basic
PSK
(legacy)
No additional parameters
BM
Bit Rate
Measurement
Report bit rate measurement
Standard
Basic
PSK
(legacy)
BR
Bit Rate
Report or set baseband bit
rate
Standard
Basic
For Asynch
PSK
(legacy)
modes, BR
A and BR
B must be
specified
separately
K7
Basic
PSK
(legacy)
Examples:
BR
Report the bit rate
setting
BR 5
Mbps
Set bit rate to 5
BR 0.6 Set bit rate to 600
Kbps
CC
Convolutional
Decoder
Enable
Enables or disables the
convolutional decoder
Examples
CC
Report convolutional
decoder state
CC 0 Set the convolutional
decoder to Disabled
CC 1 Set the convolutional
decoder to Enabled
8
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
CP
Name
Clock Polarity
Description
Report or set clock polarity
inversion state
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Standard
Basic
For Asynch
PSK
(legacy)
modes, CP
A and CP
B must be
specified
separately
Standard
Basic
SOQPSK
Standard
Basic
For Asynch
PSK
(legacy)
modes, DP
A and DP
B must be
specified
separately
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Examples:
CP
Report the clock
source state
DE
Differential
Decoder
Enable
CP 0
OFF
Set clock inversion
CP 1
ON
Set clock inversion
Report or set differential
decoding
Mode
Restriction
Examples:
DE
Report the
differential decoding
setting
DE 0 Set differential
decoding OFF
DE 1 Set differential
decoding ON
DP
Data Polarity
Report or set data polarity
inversion state
Examples:
DP
Display the current
data polarity
DP 0 Set data polarity to
NOT inverted (OFF)
DP 1 Set data polarity to
inverted (ON)
FL
Force Lock
Indication
Diagnostic tool to force the
system to indicate locked or
unlocked status; primarily
used to verify wiring setup
Examples:
9
Quasonix, Inc.
FL
state
Show the force lock
FL 1
Force lock to ON
FL 0
Force lock to Normal
FL -1
Force lock to OFF
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
FR
Name
Frequency
Description
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Basic
None
Report or set the current IF
filter in the receiver
Standard
Basic
None
FS
Display the
current IF filter
-14 option
permits 7
additional
filters
Standard
Basic
None
Standard
Basic
None
Report or set receiver center
frequency
Examples:
FR
Report the
frequency setting
FR 2200.5 Set modulation
to 2200.5 MHz
FS
IF Filter Select
FS A
to automatic
Set IF filter
FS (0-7)
Manually set
IF filter (not recommended)
GO
Start/Restart
Apply changes then reset
demodulator.
Initiate demodulation with
current parameters. This
command is required when
setting both the modulation
and the bit rate.
GO command is issued any
time the bit rate is changed.
This forces the demodulator
to rescale all of its loop
parameters and digital
filtering so they are set
properly for the bit rate.
HX
eXtended
Help
10
Quasonix, Inc.
Displays a full list of
available commands
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
LD
Name
Description
LDPC Decode
Enable
Enable, disable, or show the
current state of the Forward
Error Correction (FEC) / Low
Density Parity Check (LDPC)
decoder
Option (s)
Required
LD
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
PSK
(legacy)
Select
mode 7
(OQPSK)
Examples:
LD
Show the current
decoder state
LD 1 Enable the LDPC
decoder
LD 0 Disable the LDPC
decoder
LP
Lock Output
Polarity
Report or set the active level
of the lock indication to
active high or active low
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Standard
Basic
None
Examples:
LP
Show the current
lock output polarity
LP 1
Set the active level
to high
LP 0
Set the active level
to low
MA
Modulations
Allowed
11
Quasonix, Inc.
Report the available
waveform modes
(modulations) available for
this unit
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
MI
Name
Modulation
Index
Description
Report or Set Modulation
Index Tracking or Acquire
Examples
MI
Report Mod Index
Track Status
MI O Disable Mod Index
Tracking (Set to h=0.7)
MI A
Acquire mode enable
MI A D Sets the maximum
delta h (indicates a change
in h defaults to 0.005)
MI A S Sets the delta h
settling time defaults to 500
ms
MI H Hold Mod Index
Tracking at current position
MI I
Sets Trellis Index
MI T Tracking mode
enable
MI T H x Sets the Tracking
Hold threshold
12
Quasonix, Inc.
Option (s)
Required
Standard
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Basic
Mode
Restriction
PCM/FM
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
MO
Name
Modulation
Description
Report or set modulation
setting
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Basic
Limited to
modes
installed
Standard
Advanced
Command
PCM/FM
and PSK
(legacy)
Examples:
MO Report the modulation
setting
MO 0 Set modulation to
PCM/FM
MO 1 Set modulation to
SOQPSK-TG
MO 2 Set modulation to
Multi-h CPM
MO 3 Set modulation to
BPSK
MO 4 Set modulation to
QPSK
MO 5 Set modulation to
AQPSK
MO 6 Set modulation to
AUQPSK
MO 7 Set modulation to
OQPSK
MO 8 Set modulation to
UQPSK
MO 9 Set modulation to
Digital PM (DPM)
NZ
NRZ
Encoding
Report or set the non-return
to zero (NRZ) value used by
the receiver
Examples:
NZ
Show the current
NRZ value
NZ L
Set the NRZ to Level
NZ M
(1)
Set the NRZ to Mark
NZ S Set the NRZ to
Space
13
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
OC
Name
Output
Control
Description
Report or set the channel
source values
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
8F and -37
Basic
None
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Standard
Basic
None
Examples:
OC
Show current OC
settings
OC D Set the default
outputs
OC c s Set the channel and
clock source
For detailed syntax
information, refer to
Appendix C
OM
Output Muting
Report or set the operation
of clock and data output
muting; clock and data
outputs can be disabled after
some period of time without
lock
Examples:
OM
Show the output
muting state
OM 0 Disables output
muting
OM 1 Enables output
muting
OM T x Sets the delay
between loss of lock and
muted outputs in
milliseconds from 0 to 46016
PA
Reset Stored
Configuration
Resets ALL parameters in
ALL waveform modes to the
factory default state and sets
the receiver to the lowest
default mode and lowest bit
rate
Refer to Appendix E for a list
of factory default values by
mode
14
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
PL
Name
Input Power
Level
Description
Reports or sets the current
input power level setting
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Standard
Basic
PCM/FM
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Standard
Basic
None
Examples:
PL
Report the current
input power level information
tracking state
PL 0
Set the current
power level information
tracking display to OFF
PL 1
Set the current
power level information
tracking display to ON
PL reports the Input signal
level of the receiver, the
signal level into the demod,
the digitally scaled signal
level, the SNR, and eb/N0
PN
Phase Noise
Compensation
Report or set phase noise
compensation state
Examples:
PN Report the phase
noise compensation state
PN 0 Set phase noise
compensation to OFF
PN 1 Set phase noise
compensation to ON
PR
QT
15
Reset
Defaults for
Currently
Selected
Mode
Restores factory default
parameters for the currently
selected mode on the unit
Query
Temperature
Report the temperature in
degrees Celsius
Quasonix, Inc.
Refer to Appendix E for a list
of factory default values by
mode
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
RN
Name
Derandomizer
State
Description
Report or set the
derandomizer state
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Basic
None
Examples:
RN Report the
derandomizer state
RN 0 Set the derandomizer
OFF
RN 1 Set the derandomizer
ON
SN
Show Serial
Number
Report the serial number for
the unit
Standard
Basic
None
SV
Save
Parameters
Saves the current
parameters in non-volatile
memory, including
frequency, modulation, bit
rate, data polarity, clock
polarity, AGC state,
verbosity level, etc.
Standard
Basic
None
16
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
SY
Name
System Status
Tracking
Description
Displays the system status
of the receiver
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Advanced
Command
Available
for all
EXCEPT
PSK
(legacy)
37
Advanced
Command
PCM/FM
The first argument specifies
the period, in milliseconds,
between status updates.
Zero (0) disables continuous
monitoring.
The second argument
specifies the number of
status lines between header
output.
Examples:
SY
Displays current
status report settings
SY 5 Sets status output
period to 5 milliseconds
SY 5 100
Sets status
header output once every
100 status updates
The SY command reports
system status information
about the timing and
frequency tracking loops, as
well as mod scaling, lock
indication and eb/n0 data.
This command is very
effective for troubleshooting
link issues.
TO
Tape Output
Displays the status of the
Tape Output option
Example:
TO
Displays current
tape output status settings
(enabled/disabled and output
frequency)
17
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
TO F
Name
Tape Output
Frequency
Description
Sets the carrier frequency of
the pre-detection complex
Tape Output
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
37
Advanced
Command
PCM/FM
37
Advanced
Command
PCM/FM
Standard
Basic
None
Examples:
TO F 0 Sets the Tape
Output Frequency to Off
(carrier frequency = 0 MHz)
TO F 1 Sets the Tape
Output Frequency to a
specific frequency number
Value range is 0.000 to
20.000 MHz
TO T
Tape Output
Source
Sets the test output to a
Tape source;
Enables or Disables the predetection complex baseband
as the tape output source
When enabled (T=1), predetection complex baseband
is selected as the source of
data to send on I and Q
analog outputs
When disabled (T=0), the I
and Q analog outputs
(frequency/phase
information) are restored to
their normal defaults which
vary by mode
Examples:
TO T 0 Sets the Tape
Output Source to disabled
TO T 1 Sets the Tape
Output Source to enabled
VE
Version
18
Quasonix, Inc.
Report the current Firmware
(software) version
information for the receiver
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
*VF
Name
Description
Viterbi Forget
Factor
Report or set the Viterbi
forget factor, on a scale from
0.01 – 0.99
Option (s)
Required
Basic or
Advanced
Command
Mode
Restriction
Standard
Advanced
Command
PCM/FM
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Standard
Advanced
Command
None
Examples:
VF
Report the Viterbi
forget factor
VF 0.04 Set the Viterbi
forget factor to 0.04
VF 0.62 Set the Viterbi
forget factor to 0.62
VL
Verbosity
Level
Report or set verbosity level,
on a scale of 0 – 9
Examples:
VL Report the verbosity
level
VL 0 Set the verbosity level
to 0
VL 5 Set the verbosity level
to 5
ZZ
Show Options
Displays the current
hardware configuration and
options on the receiver
*Note regarding VF command: The VF command sets the observation window for the Viterbi decoder in the
trellis demod. The longer the window, the more coding gain. The smaller the window, the more resistant to phase
noise. Quasonix recommends NOT manually changing this value. The Phase Noise Compensation mode
automatically adjusts this as needed.
19
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
5 Performance Specifications
5.1
DC Input
The Compact RDMS™ operates from a nominal 28 VDC, +/- 4 VDC with a current consumption of no more than
25 Watts.
5.2
RF Frequency Error
By default, the Compact RDMS™ is capable of acquiring a signal with a frequency error of up to ±100 kHz.
5.3
Bit Error Rate
The RDMS™ meets the following BER limits, when tested with a signal source, which complies with IRIG 106-05.
Table 7: RDMS BER Specifications
BER
Maximum Eb/N0 (dB)
PCM/FM, Tier 0
SOQPSK-TG, Tier I
Multi-h CPM, Tier II
10-3
7.5
9.5
11.0
10-4
9.0
11.5
12.5
10-5
10.0
13.0
13.5
10-6
11.0
14.5
14.5
Typical BER performance, plotted in Figure 6, is significantly superior to that tabulated above.
20
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
1.E+00
1.E-01
1.E-02
1.E-03
1.E-04
1.E-05
Tier 0, QSX-DMS-111
1.E-06
Tier I, QSX-DMS-111
1.E-07
Tier II, QSX-DMS-111
1.E-08
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Eb/N0 (dB)
10
11
12
13
14
Figure 6: BER Performance for Tier 0, I, and II
5.4
Synchronization
The Compact RDMS™ offers very fast, reliable acquisition, even at very low signal to noise ratio. Synchronization
time is a function of modulation type and IF frequency error. Typical SOQPSK results (from 10,000 synchronization
trials) are shown in Figure 7.
21
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 7: Synchronization Time at Various Signal-to-Noise Ratios
22
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
5.4.1
RF Input
The Compact RDMS™ is available in frequency bands shown in Table 8. Two additional band codes are described in section 5.4.1.1. The input impedance is 50
ohms.
Table 8: Band Configuration Codes
200.0
1415.0
Extended
400.0
Base P
1150.0
1435.5
Extended
Base 1585.0
1534.5
Lower L
Extended
1650.0
1750.0
Base Legend:
Frequency Gap
Standard (Base) Frequency Range
Extended Frequency Range (available by selecting Extended Tuning = 1 in part number)
Quasonix, Inc.
1850.0
Upper L
Freq. Code
A
C
E
F
G
H
L
M
P
Q
R
S
U
W
X
Y
Z
23
1855.0
2185.0
2200.0
Extended
Base S
Extended
2500.0
2394.5
4400.0
Base C
5250.0
5150.0
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
5.4.1.1
Additional Band Codes
Two additional band codes are available:

Band Code 7: 70 MHz standard range, 0.5 MHz-20 MHz, 70 MHz extended range

Band Code T: 2025.0 MHz to 2110.0 MHz standard range
24
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
6 IF Module
The receiver’s integrated IF filter module, shown in Figure 8, includes eight (8) SAW filters, ranging in bandwidth
from 250 kHz to 40 MHz in approximately one octave steps. The standard eight filters are 250 kHz, 500 kHz, 1
MHz, 2 MHz, 4.5 MHz, 10 MHz, 20 MHz, and 40 MHz. These filters serve as anti-aliasing filters ahead of the A/D
converter in the demodulator itself. In addition, they can provide an added measure of adjacent channel interference
rejection. The measured responses of the eight filters are shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10 (note the change of
horizontal scale between the two figures).
Six additional filters are available allowing for a total of 14. The optional filters are 70 kHz, 1.4 MHz, 3 MHz, 6
MHz, 14 MHz, and 28 MHz. The measured responses of the optional filters are shown in Figure 11 and Figure 12.
Contact Quasonix for information about the optional filters.
Based on the receiver’s high level of integration, the proper IF filter is automatically selected based on the current
mode and bit rate settings of the demodulator. Although manual filter selection is available, it is not recommended.
Figure 8: 70 MHz IF Module in 2” x 3” Chassis
The IF module attaches directly to the demod modules.
25
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 9: 70 MHz IF Module in 2” x 3” Chassis SAW Filter Responses, Narrow Group (10 MHz Span)
26
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 10: SAW Filter Responses, Wide Group (Plotted on 100 MHz Span)
27
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 11: Optional SAW Filter Responses for 70 kHz to 6 MHz
28
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 12: Optional SAW Filter Responses for 14 MHz and 28 MHz
29
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
7 Maintenance Instructions
The Compact RDMS™ requires no regular maintenance, and there are no user-serviceable parts inside. Please
consult the factory for any maintenance, upgrade, or repair requirements.
30
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
8 Product Warranty
The Compact RDMS™ carries a standard parts and labor warranty of one (1) year from the date of delivery.
31
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
9 Technical Support and RMA Requests
In the event of a product issue, customers should contact Quasonix via phone (1-513-942-1287) or e-mail
(support@quasonix.com) to seek technical support. If Quasonix determines that the product issue must be addressed
at the factory, a returned materials authorization (RMA) number will be provided for return shipment.
Authorized return shipments must be addressed in the following manner:
Quasonix, Inc.
ATTN: Repair, RMA #
6025 Schumacher Park Drive
West Chester, OH 45069
To ensure that your shipment is processed most efficiently, please include the following information with your
product return:

Ship To – Company name, address, zip code, and internal mail-drop, if applicable

Attention/Contact person – Name, Title, Department, Phone number, email address

Purchase Order Number – If applicable

RMA Number – provided by the Quasonix representative
Please note that Quasonix reserves the right to refuse shipments that arrive without RMA numbers.
32
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
10 Appendix A – Bit Error Rate Testing
There is a separate BERT for each data path in the receiver (0 main channel, 1 combiner channel). By default all
commands are targeted to the current “tracking channel” (TC command), 0 or 1. If the tracking channel is set to 2
(tracking both channels), then the channel must be explicitly specified.
The results of the test can be displayed using the BE command with no parameters or a continuous display can be
produced using BE D 1. BE D 0 turns off the continuous display.
Table 9: Bit Error Rate Serial Commands
Mnemonic
Name
BE ?
Bit Error Rate Help
BE [c]
Bit Error Rate Status
Description
Provides help for using the bit error rate commands
Report bit error rate status
[c] is optional and indicates channel 0 or 1
If channel is omitted, the current tracking channel (TC)
is used
If TC is 2, a channel number is required
Examples:
BE D
Bit Error Rate Status
Continuous
BE
Show the bit error rate status
BE 1
Show the status of channel 1
Report a continuous display of bit error rate status
Examples:
BE D 0 Show continuous bit error rate status is OFF
BE D 1 Show continuous bit error rate status is ON
BE [c] P n
Set Bit Error Test
Pattern
Sets bit error test pattern
[c] is optional and indicates channel 0 or 1
If channel is omitted, the current tracking channel (TC)
is used
If TC is 2, a channel number is required
P indicates a preset or fixed pattern length
where 'n' is one of:
PN6, PN9, PN11, PN15, PN17, PN20, PN23, PN31
or, for a fixed pattern length of 2 to 32
(fixed patterns are automatically determined)
33
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
BE [c] T n
Name
Set Bit Error
Measurement Type
Description
Sets bit error measurement type
The test type can be configured to run continuously or stop
when either a time limit, bit count, or error count has been
reached. The error count limit guarantees a minimum number
of errors.
[c] is optional and indicates channel 0 or 1
If channel is omitted, the current tracking channel (TC)
is used
If TC is 2, a channel number is required
T indicates type
where 'n' is one of the following:
C = continuous (clears limits)
T x = time limit
where 'x' is between 0 and 4.29497E+06
seconds
B x = bit limit
where 'x' is between 0 and 9.3825E+13
E x = error limit
where 'x' is between 0 and 3.1275E+13
BE G n
Set Bit Error
Measurement Gating
Sets bit error measurement gating
The test can be configured to make a single measurement or,
when a time limit, bit count, or error count is set, automatically
repeat the test.
Examples:
34
Quasonix, Inc.
BE G S
S indicates Single
BE G R
R indicates Repeat
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
BE [c] M
Name
Measurement Enable
Description
Starts or stops bit error measurement (toggle command)
If a time limit, bit count, or error count limit is set and the limit
has been reached (enabled but not running) the BERT is
restarted.
[c] is optional and indicates channel 0 or 1
If channel is omitted, the current tracking channel (TC)
is used
If TC is 2, a channel number is required
Examples:
BE M
Enter command once to Start bit error measurement,
current tracking channel
BE M
Enter command again to Stop bit error measurement
current tracking channel
BE 1 M Enter command once to Start bit error measurement,
for channel 1
BE [c] R
Hardware Bit Error
Register Display
Reports the bit error register status
[c] is optional and indicates channel 0 or 1
If channel is omitted, the current tracking channel (TC)
is used
If TC is 2, a channel number is required
Example:
BE 1 R
BE [c] W
reg value
Set Hardware Bit Error
Register
Report bit register state for channel 1
Sets hardware bit error register 'reg' to 'value'
[c] is optional and indicates channel 0 or 1
If channel is omitted, the current tracking channel (TC)
is used
If TC is 2, a channel number is required
‘reg’ is hex register index 00 to 0a
‘value’ is 32 bit hex value to write to register
The Hardware Bit Error Register Display reports the current status of the bit error rate test (BERT).
A column header is displayed every ten rows.
The 'E' column indicates the BERT is enabled by displaying a pound sign '#'. If the BERT is not enabled, this
column is blank.
The 'R' column indicates the BERT is actually running and making a measurement by displaying a '!'. If the BERT is
not running, this column is blank.
35
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
The BERT can be enabled, but not running, in the case of a time, bit, or error count limit.
An asterisk '*' after the error rate column indicates that the data is inverted. If the display is continuous and a time,
bit, or error limit is set with repeating gating, the display shows the end of the test by displaying '>>>' in the first
three columns.
The following shows an example display with a five (5) second repeating test.
E R
# !
# !
# !
# !
# !
>>>
# !
# !
# !
# !
# !
36
Time
0:00:00:03.772
0:00:00:04.023
0:00:00:04.276
0:00:00:04.527
0:00:00:04.779
0:00:00:05.000
0:00:00:00.251
0:00:00:00.503
0:00:00:00.757
0:00:00:01.011
0:00:00:01.263
Quasonix, Inc.
Bit Count
3.773e+07
4.023e+07
4.276e+07
4.528e+07
4.780e+07
5.000e+07
2.512e+06
5.032e+06
7.574e+06
1.011e+07
1.264e+07
Error Count
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
2
2
2
Error Rate
5.301e-08*
4.971e-08*
4.677e-08*
4.417e-08*
4.184e-08*
4.000e-08*
0.000e+00*
0.000e+00*
2.641e-07*
1.978e-07*
1.582e-07*
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
11 Appendix B – Pinouts for Optional 37 Pin Connector
The optional 37-pin connector provides three sets of clock and data, two high-speed analog outputs, and one lowspeed analog output. Pin numbering for the optional connector is shown in Figure 13. Pin assignments are listed in
Table 10.
Figure 13: Optional 37-Pin Numbers
Table 10: Optional 37-Pin Assignments
Position
Signal
Description
1
DAC A
Analog output (+/- 5VDC)
2
DAC B
Analog output (+/- 5VDC)
3
RSSI
Received Signal Strength Indication (0-3.3VDC)
4
Data C +
Clock and Data pairs
5
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
6
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
7
+28 VDC In
System power
8
Ground
System power
9
Ground
System power
10
Clock A +
Clock and Data pairs
11
Data A +
Clock and Data pairs
12
Serial Ground
RS232 Serial Connection - Ground
13
Lock Detect
LVTTL Indicator Line
14
Serial TXD
RS232 Serial Connection - Transmit
15
Clock C +
Clock and Data pairs
16
Clock B +
Clock and Data pairs
17
Data B +
Clock and Data pairs
18
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
19
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
37
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Position
Signal
Description
20
DAC Ground
Analog output (GND)
21
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
22
Data C -
Clock and Data pairs
23
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
24
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
25
SDI
Signal Degradation Indication (RF Networks 2241)
26
+28 VDC In
System power
27
Ground
System power
28
Power on Reset
29
Clock A -
Clock and Data pairs
30
Data A -
Clock and Data pairs
31
Ones Detect
LVTTL Indicator Line
32
Serial RXD
RS232 Serial Connection - Received
33
Clock C -
Clock and Data pairs
34
Clock B -
Clock and Data pairs
35
Data B -
Clock and Data pairs
36
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
37
DNC
Factory use only – Do Not Connect
38
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
12 Appendix C – Detailed Output Control (OC) Command Settings
The Output Control command, as described in Table 6, is used to report or set the channel source values.
Note: The state settings use the alpha O, not a number zero (0).
Mnemonic
Name
Description
OC ?
Help Message
Displays abbreviated list of available commands
OC
Current Settings
(This is an example - current settings will vary.)
O_0 = CLK_I0
O_1 = DATA_I0
O_2 = CLK_Q0
O_3 = DATA_Q0
O_4 = CLK_I1
O_5 = DATA_I1
O_6 = CLK_Q1
O_7 = DATA_Q1
OC D
Set Default Outputs
O_0 = CLK_I0
O_1 = DATA_I0
O_2 = CLK_Q0
O_3 = DATA_Q0
O_4 = CLK_I1
O_5 = DATA_I1
O_6 = CLK_Q1
O_7 = DATA_Q1
39
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Mnemonic
OC c s
Name
Set Channel and
Source
Description
where c is channel:
O_0, O_1, O_2, O_3, O_4, O_5, O_6, O_7
where s is source:
CLK_I0, DATA_I0, CLK_Q0, DATA_Q0, CLK_I1, DATA_I1,
CLK_Q1, DATA_Q1, CLK_T, DATA_T, OFF
When the outputs return the value above, this says the
outputs are routed to the default settings. If anything is
changes, an asterisk (*) appears before the changed
parameter. For example, changing the secondary
Clock and Data to match the primary commands are:
OC O_2 CLK_I0
OC O_3 DATA_I0
When the changes are made, the list displays as follows:
OC
O_0 = CLK_I0
O_1 = DATA_I0
*O_2 = CLK_I0
*O_3 = DATA_I0
O_4 = CLK_I1
O_5 = DATA_I1
O_6 = CLK_Q1
O_7 = DATA_Q1
Now the user has the clock and data I0 (the letter I and the
number 0), on both the primary (A channel) and secondary (B
channel) outputs.
These settings can be saved with the SV command, but are
only saved per mode. If the user changes modes (using the
MO command), they must repeat the settings for the other
mode.
40
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
13 Appendix D – Phase Noise Compensation
13.1 Trellis Demodulation Basics
Legacy Single-Symbol Detection:

Uses basic Limiter-Discriminator operation

Frequency in this bit above nominal → data = 1

Frequency in this bit below nominal → data = 0

Makes no use of adjacent symbols for error correction
Trellis Detection:

Uses the phase tree for data detection

Uses adjacent symbols to help decide on “iffy” bits

Improves BER performance by 3.5 to 5.0 dB
The Phase Tree shown in Figure 14, shows all of the possible paths the phase trajectory can take over a period of
seven bits. Figure 15 shows the two unique paths, based on whether the second bit is a 1 or 0.
Figure 14: Ideal PCM/FM Phase Tree (h = 0.7)
41
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 15: Phase Trajectory Never Forgets
13.1.1 Trellis Demodulation Summary
The basic premise of trellis demodulation is that the signal from the transmitter follows a known path through the
phase tree. When the demodulator knows this, it can use a sequence of several symbols to help make better decisions
about each individual bit. This process improves BER performance by about 3.5 to 5 dB over conventional FM
detection. However, this assumes that the transmitter is really following the "known" and "correct" phase tree, and
this assumption is NOT always true.
High phase noise can reduce the trellis detection gain because phase noise corrupts the tree. The following figures
illustrate the differences in trellis detection gain depending on the amount of phase noise introduced.
Figure 16: Trellis Detection Gain with Zero to Minimum Phase Noise
42
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 17: Trellis Detection Gain with Significant to Severe Phase Noise
13.2 Phase Noise Impact
Trellis demodulation is based on the assumption that the signal is following a predictable path through the trellis. If
this is not true (due to high phase noise), then a trellis demodulator cannot provide the expected performance gain.

Many legacy analog transmitters (a simple modulated VCO) have high phase noise.

Vibration often further increases phase noise.

Phase noise is generally more damaging at low bit rates.

Phase Noise Compensation (PNC) gives back some of the trellis detection gain, by shortening the trellis
observation span.
13.3 Clock Jitter Impact
Many older PCM encoders are susceptible to large inaccuracies in clock rate or have clock stability issues,
especially under harsh vibration conditions. While the RDMS is capable of tracking static clock rate errors as large
as 1000 ppM, excessive jitter causes the integrated bit sync to lose lock. Enabling the PNC mode opens the tracking
loop bandwidth to accommodate for these issues. This increase in bandwidth does have a tradeoff. A wider tracking
range allows the RDMS to deal with the additional jitter, but it may also increase synchronization times slightly, and
slightly increase the minimum SNR at which the RDMS declares lock.
13.4 When to Use PNC
There is no bullet-proof test for whether PNC is needed, but there are good indicators. Turn on PNC if:

The demodulator is struggling to lock, even with good Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). ("Good" SNR means
the Quality bar is above one-quarter height.)

The eye pattern NEVER looks “clean,” as in Figure 18

Symptoms get worse when the transmitter is under vibration

Symptoms get worse at low bit rates
43
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Figure 18: "Clean" Eye Pattern
13.5 Know Your Transmitter
If you know the brand and type of transmitter, these tips can help determine when to use PNC.
If your transmitter was manufactured by these companies, PNC should be OFF:

Quasonix – guaranteed

Nova Engineering – highly likely

L3 – probably, but digital transmitters only
If the transmitter was manufactured by the companies below, PNC should be ON:

Microwave Innovations

Emhiser

Southern California Microwave

L3 (analog transmitters)



44
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
14 Appendix E – Factory Reset Values
When a reset command is activated, the frequency defaults to the lowest valid frequency for the lowest authorized
band on the unit. The reset priority is:
1.
QPSK
2.
PCM/FM
3.
SOQPSK
4.
Multi-h CPM
Reset values for each mode are listed in the following tables.
Table 11: QPSK Factory Reset Values
Parameter
Bit Rate
Modulation Scaling
1
N/A
Clock Polarity
Normal
Data Polarity
Normal
Derandomizer
Disabled
Differential Decoder
N/A
IF Filter
Auto
Downconvert Antenna
Disabled
AGC
Enabled
Convolutional Decoder
Disabled
Lock Output Polarity
45
Reset State
Active High
NRZ Encoding
NRZ-L
Output Control
Default
Output Muting
Disabled
Phase Noise Compensation
Disabled
Tape Output
Disabled
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Table 12: PCM/FM Factory Reset Values
Parameter
Bit Rate
1
Modulation Scaling
Tracking
Clock Polarity
Normal
Data Polarity
Normal
Derandomizer
Disabled
Differential Decoder
N/A
IF Filter
Auto
Downconvert Antenna
Disabled
AGC
Enabled
Convolutional Decoder
Disabled
Lock Output Polarity
46
Reset State
Active High
NRZ Encoding
NRZ-L
Output Control
Default
Output Muting
Disabled
Phase Noise Compensation
Disabled
Tape Output
Disabled
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Table 13: SOQPSK Factory Reset Values
Parameter
Bit Rate
Modulation Scaling
1
N/A
Clock Polarity
Normal
Data Polarity
Normal
Derandomizer
Disabled
Differential Decoder
Enabled
IF Filter
Auto
Downconvert Antenna
Disabled
AGC
Enabled
Convolutional Decoder
Lock Output Polarity
47
Reset State
N/A
Active High
NRZ Encoding
N/A
Output Control
Default
Output Muting
Disabled
Phase Noise Compensation
Disabled
Tape Output
Disabled
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Table 14: Multi-h CPM Factory Reset Values
Parameter
Bit Rate
Modulation Scaling
1
N/A
Clock Polarity
Normal
Data Polarity
Normal
Derandomizer
Disabled
Differential Decoder
N/A
IF Filter
Auto
Downconvert Antenna
Disabled
AGC
Enabled
Convolutional Decoder
Lock Output Polarity
48
Reset State
N/A
Active High
NRZ Encoding
N/A
Output Control
Default
Output Muting
Disabled
Phase Noise Compensation
Disabled
Tape Output
Disabled
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
15 Appendix F – Acronym List
Acronym
49
Description
AGC
Automatic Gain Control
AM
Amplitude Modulation
AQPSK
Variant of Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
ARTM
Advanced Range Telemetry
AUQPSK
Variant of Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
BER
Bit Error Rate
BNC
Bayonet Neill-Concelman Connector (RF Connector)
BPSK
Binary Phase Shift Keying
CD
Compact Disk
CPM
Continuous Phase Modulation
DB-9
D-subminiature 9 pin Serial Connector
DC
Diversity Combiner
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DPM
Digital Phase Modulation
FPGA
Field Programmable Gate Array
IF
Intermediate Frequency
IP
Internet Protocol
kbps
Kilobits per second
KHz
Kilohertz
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
Mbps
Megabits per second
MCX
Snap on subminiature connector
MHCPM
multi-h Continuous Phase Modulation
MHz
Megahertz
N
(connector type) Threaded RF connector
OQPSK
Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
PCMFM
Pulse Code Modulation/Frequency Modulation
PM
Phase Modulation
Quasonix, Inc.
Compact RDMSTM Telemetry Receiver
Acronym
50
Description
PSK
Phase Shift Keying
QPSK
Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
RDMS
Receiver DeModulator Synchronizer
RF
Radio Frequency
RJ-45
Ethernet Connection Jack
RM
Rack Mount
RRC
Remote RDMS Client
RS-232
Recommended Standard 232 (Serial Communications)
SAW
Surface Acoustic Wave
SDI
System Degradation Indication
SOQPSK
Shaped Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
SOQPSK-TG
Shaped Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying –Telemetry
Group
TRL
Tracking Loop
TTL
Transistor Transistor Logic
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
UQPSK
Unbalanced Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
USB
Universal Serial Bus
VAC
Voltage Alternating Current
VDC
Voltage, Direct Current
WAN
Wide Area Network
Quasonix, Inc.