Excalibur Water Systems 2.0" High Capacity Premium Flow Series Specifications

OWNER’S OPERATION
and
MAINTENANCE MANUAL
A Division of
Thank you for your selection of Pleasurecraft (PCM) Marine Power for your boating needs. We welcome you to Team
PCM, which puts you in the company of tens of thousands of boaters who have relied on Pleasurecraft inboards as their
power of choice for over 20 years.
When you chose PCM, you selected the utmost in premium power for your boating application. Pleasurecraft is the
world’s largest manufacturer of gasoline marine inboards, and the clear-cut leader in cutting edge technology. Over
the years, we have introduced many breakthrough innovations that quickly became industry standards. The pyramidal
exhaust system, light-weight transmission, computerized engine control and the Fuel Control Cell (FCC) are all PCM
innovations. No matter which PCM model you purchased, you can be sure it is equipped with the latest in modern
technology for added performance and durability.
READ THIS MANUAL THOROUGHLY
Before starting your engine(s), READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY. If you do not understand any
portion of the manual, contact your Dealer for clarification or assistance. Ask your Dealer for a demonstration of actual
starting and operating procedures.
The descriptions and specifications contained in this manual were in effect at the time of printing. PCM Engines’ policy of
continued improvement reserves the right to change specifications or design without notice and without obligation.
This manual will cover the following PCM engines:
Year
Model
2004
5.0L MPI
2004
5.7L MPI
2004
6.0L MPI
2004
8.1L MPI (Python)
Part Number - L510010-04
Printed 05/04
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 3-5
Registration Information (Warranty Registration Card is located at the back of this manual) ....................... 3
3-Year Transferable Limited Warranty .............................................................................................. 4
California Emission Control Warranty Statement ............................................................................... 5
PCM Model Years 2003-2008 General Emissions Warranty Coverage ................................................... 6
Safety Information ...................................................................................................................... 9
Replacement Parts ........................................................................................................................... 9
Safety Warnings ......................................................................................................................... 9
BOATING RESPONSIBILITY ................................................................................................. 10-12
Carbon Monoxide Hazard ........................................................................................................... 10
Safe Boating Suggestions .......................................................................................................... 11
Water Wisdom .......................................................................................................................... 11
Operation and Maintenance ........................................................................................................ 11
Rules of the Road ..................................................................................................................... 12
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION .................................................................................................... 13-14
Engine Identification .................................................................................................................. 13
Owner Identification and Registration Information ............................................................................ 13
2004 Model Identification / Advisory ............................................................................................. 14
ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION INFORMATION .......................................................................... 15
Electronic Fuel Injection System .................................................................................................. 15
Power Reduction Mode .............................................................................................................. 15
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................ 16-20
Engine Alarm System ................................................................................................................ 16
Instrumentation ........................................................................................................................ 17
Starting Engine (Fuel Injected Engines) ........................................................................................ 18
Shifting Transmission ................................................................................................................. 19
Stopping Engine ....................................................................................................................... 20
Freezing Temperature Operation .................................................................................................. 20
Operation in High Debris Areas ................................................................................................... 20
CONDITIONS AFFECTING OPERATION ................................................................................. 21-22
Trim and Weight Distribution ........................................................................................................ 21
Boat Bottom ............................................................................................................................. 21
Propeller Selection .................................................................................................................... 22
ENGINE BREAK-IN PERIOD ..................................................................................................... 23
25-HOUR ENGINE INSPECTION ................................................................................................ 24
FUEL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................ 25
Gasoline Requirements .............................................................................................................. 25
Gasoline Containing Alcohol ....................................................................................................... 25
OIL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................... 26
Engine Oil Recommendations ..................................................................................................... 26
Transmission and “V”-Drive Oil Requirements ................................................................................. 26
ENGINE MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................... 27-55
Engine Maintenance .................................................................................................................. 27
L510010-04
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Checking Fluid Levels ........................................................................................................... 27-28
Lubrication .............................................................................................................................. 29
Electrical System Circuit Breaker(s) .............................................................................................. 30
Electrical System Fuses ............................................................................................................. 30
Ignition Fuse ............................................................................................................................ 30
Electrical System Wiring and Connectors ...................................................................................... 30
Battery .................................................................................................................................... 31
Fresh Water Cooling System Sacrificial Zinc Anode ......................................................................... 32
Checking Coolant Level ............................................................................................................. 33
Flushing Cooling System - Sea-Water Section ................................................................................ 34
Testing Coolant For Alkalinity ...................................................................................................... 35
Draining Fresh-Water Cooling System .......................................................................................... 35
Filling Fresh-Water Cooling System .............................................................................................. 36
Cleaning Sea-Water Section of Heat Exchanger (Fresh-Water Cooled Applications Only) ....................... 37
Fuel System Description ............................................................................................................ 38
Fuel Control Cell (FCC) Fuel System ............................................................................................ 38
Servicing the FCC ..................................................................................................................... 39
Draining the FCC Bowl, ENGINE OFF .......................................................................................... 40
Filter Element Replacement, ENGINE OFF .................................................................................... 40
Primary Fuel Filter .................................................................................................................... 41
Priming Fuel System ................................................................................................................. 42
Flame Arrestor ......................................................................................................................... 42
Accessory Drive Belt ............................................................................................................. 43-46
Changing Oils .......................................................................................................................... 47
Engine Alignment ................................................................................................................. 47-50
Engine Maintenance Log ............................................................................................................ 51
Maintenance Schedule .............................................................................................................. 52
Visual Inspection ...................................................................................................................... 54
Engine Fluid Capacities ............................................................................................................. 54
Transmission Fluid Capacities ..................................................................................................... 54
Filter Requirements ................................................................................................................... 55
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................... 56-58
OUT-OF-SEASON STORAGE ................................................................................................ 59-62
Engine Storage ........................................................................................................................ 59
Draining Instructions .................................................................................................................. 60
Battery Storage ........................................................................................................................ 61
Recommissioning After Storage ................................................................................................... 62
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................................... 63-65
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS ................................................................................................... 66-71
INSTRUMENTATION WIRING DIAGRAM ..................................................................................... 72
LITERATURE .......................................................................................................................... 73
FORMS............................................................................................................................... 74-77
NOTES ................................................................................................................................... 78
L510010-04
2
INTRODUCTION - 1
REGISTRATION INFORMATION
(Warranty Registration Card is located at the
back of this manual)
Shortly after your purchase is registered with PCM, you
will be mailed your Warranty Card and a Customer
Survey. We appreciate your feedback and encourage
you to fill out the survey after you have had a chance to
run your boat for several weeks. We take this input very
seriously, and have implemented many of the ideas our
customers have given us through this survey. You may
also visit our web site at www. pleasurecraft.com.
Again, thanks for choosing PCM. We sincerely wish you
happy days on the water.
L510010-04
3
INTRODUCTION - 1
3 Year Transferable Limited Warranty
Pleasurecraft Marine Engine Co. (PCM) warrants its new products to be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service
conditions, to the first registered user, and all subsequent user who, in accordance with PCM’s warranty transfer policy, transfers any remaining portion of this warranty
coverage within 30 days of any subsequent sale/purchases. All components of PCM products are covered under the PCM Warranty, except for those components
that are warranted by PCM’s suppliers. The obligation of PCM hereunder shall be limited to the repair or replacement with new or remanufactured components, at
its option, of any product or parts thereof which has failed during the period of warranty and which is demonstrated upon examination to have failed due to defective
material and/or workmanship.
PCM’s policy is one of continued improvement of its products and PCM hereby reserves the right to improve and change the design and production of any
of its products without assuming any obligation to modify products previously manufactured and/or sold.
NO OTHER WARRANTY GIVEN
The obligations set forth in the preceding paragraph are PCM’s sole obligation and owner’s exclusive remedy. PCM makes no other express
warranty to the extent that any additional warranty may be implied by law, the term of such implied warranty shall be limited to the warranty term stated herein,
from the date of delivery of the PCM product to the parties outlined herein.
No distributor, dealer, agent or employee of PCM is authorized to grant any other or further warranty or incur any additional warranty obligation on PCM’s
behalf, in connection with the sale of its products. Any qualification or restriction contained herein which is prohibited by any law of mandatory application shall be deemed
to be deleted herefrom, however, such deletion shall have no effect on the remaining provisions hereof, all of which shall remaining full force and effect.
REMEDIES
The obligations of PCM set forth in the first paragraph of this Warranty shall be the exclusive remedy for any breach of Warranty hereunder, and any owner
or user’s sole remedy in the event of breach of the warranties which are made by PCM is repair or replacement of the product or any warranted part thereof as set forth
herein: with this sole exception, PCM shall not be liable for any direct, or indirect, incidental or consequential damages, including without limitation, any damages
for property damage, loss of use or loss of profits, loss of income, inconvenience, trailering, towing, haul out, launch and/or any other in and out of water expenses, storage
charges, dockage charges, expenses to deliver or pick up the product being warranted to and from the dealer, telephone expenses, lodging expenses, travel expenses,
mechanic travel time and mileage, damage caused by any occurrence of an insurable nature, rental of substitute equipment of any type, removal and replacement and/or
modification of any boat parts to facilitate repairs, moving of furniture, carpets, cleaning, painting, carpenter work, or re-delivery charges.
Some States do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
Some States do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may
not apply to you.
Any owner or user hereby waives for himself/herself/itself and his/her/its successor and assigns (a) any and all claims for punitive damages,
and (b) all claims of negligence or strict liability or both, In no event will PCM’s liability exceed the purchase price of the goods which is actually paid
to PCM.
WARRANTY COVERAGE, TERM
This Warranty is extended only to the first registered owner or registered user, and all subsequent user who, in accordance with PCM’s warranty transfer
policy, transfers any remaining portion of this warranty coverage within 30 days of any subsequent sale/purchases, for the period specified below:
All components, other than and those itemized below, are warranted for a period of three (3) years from the date of delivery to the first registered owner or
registered user, and all subsequent user who, in accordance with PCM’s warranty transfer policy, transfers any remaining portion of this warranty coverage within 30 days
of any subsequent sale/purchases in non-commercial use. In case of commercial use, the term of this Warranty shall be the shorter of (a) a period of six (6) months from
the date of delivery to the first registered owner or registered user or (b) the expiration of 200 hours of use.
Items not covered under this warranty;
(A)
Water pump impellers are not covered by this Warranty.
(B)
Seals, gaskets, O-rings, and other material affected by time are not covered by this Warranty if their effectiveness is reduced by
an extended storage period prior to sale or use.
OBTAINING PERFORMANCE UNDER WARRANTY
PCM’s warranty registration form should be prepared by your selling dealer, executed by you and the dealer and mailed, by you, to PCM within 30 days
after the date of purchase. Upon receipt of the warranty registration form, PCM will issue to you a personalized owner’s registration card which will be mailed directly to
you. If the owner’s registration card is not received within eight (8) weeks after the date of purchase, please write PCM at the address below.
At the time that a claim for warranty service is made, the owner’s registration card should be presented to the person or entity providing warranty service.
Authorized PCM dealers or distributors are entitled to be reimbursed by PCM for some or all of the expense of warranty repairs, thus, service under the terms of this
Warranty will be performed by an authorized PCM dealer or distributor without charge for established flat rate labor or replacement parts, other than items not covered by
the Warranty, such as , but not limited to, lubricants, spark plugs, points, and other items which are normally frequently replaced as part of routine maintenance. Charges
for additional non-warranty work and/or additional dealer charges for labor relative to warranty work in excess of flat rate must be paid for by the owner.
Prior authorization in writing must be obtained from PCM for any warranty repairs over $50.00 and in all cases where the owner fails to establish the
purchase and warranty expiration dates with the owner’s registration card sent upon receipt of the warranty registration form by PCM. While failure to present the
owner’s registration card will not prevent you from obtaining coverage hereunder, this Warranty shall not be effective and, therefore, cannot be honored until the product
purchase date can be confirmed by PCM. If the card is lost, communicate with PCM at the address listed below, and, for a processing fee of $10.00, a new owner’s
registration card will be issued to you.
Any questions concerning service, parts or this Warranty should be directed to your selling dealer. If your dealer is unable to assist or if you relocate or are
travelling or need a referral to your nearest dealer contact: Pleasurecraft, P.O. Drawer 369, Little Mountain, SC 29075
FAILURES EXCLUDED FROM WARRANTY
This Warranty will not apply to any failure which results from accidents, sinking, fire, neglect, abuse, or abnormal service or use, such as racing, towing
or operation in water of insufficient depth, or to any failure resulting from improper installation, improper adjustments, repairs or improper delivery service, or to any failure
resulting from the use of parts, fuels, oils or lubricants not suitable for use with the product and/or materials or parts not approved by PCM. This Warranty does not apply
to any engine or drive which has been modified, or altered, or repaired in such a manner as, in the opinion of PCM, to affect its stability, reliability or performance. Further,
this Warranty will not apply to failure resulting from use of non-recommended lubricants or fuels, failure to follow maintenance or lubrication schedules, failure caused or
contributed to by contaminated fuel, failure caused by improper installation or misapplication of the engine or drive, failure resulting from the owner’s or operator’s failure to
exercise due or normal care and precaution, or failure of components and/or assemblies that are warranted by PCM suppliers.
OWNER’S RESPONSIBILITY
Performance under this Warranty shall be conditioned upon the first registered owner’s or registered users’s compliance with the following requirements:
1
Owner or user shall verify that the pre-delivery service has been performed, all requested information recorded and that the selling dealer has
signed the warranty registration.
2
Owner or user shall promptly mail the warranty registration to PCM after accepting delivery.
3
Owner or user shall follow the instruction in the owner’s manual regarding operation, break-in, lubrication, and fuel.
4
Owner or user shall follow or comply with the maintenance schedule, operation limits, and lay up instruction, as outlined in the owner’s manual.
CHOICE OF LAW
This Limited Warranty shall be governed by, and construed and interpreted in accordance with, the laws of the State of Ohio, except only to the extent
replaced or precluded by other law of mandatory application.
SPECIAL STATE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from State to State.
The PCM California Model Years 2003-2008 Emissions Warranty and California Emissions Control Warranty Statement is a separate document included in
this Manual. Any questions concerning the Emissions Warranty can be obtained by calling 1-803-345-0050.
INTRODUCTION - 1
CALIFORNIA EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
The California Air Resources Board and Pleasurecraft Marine Engine Co. (hereinafter “Pleasurecraft”) are
pleased to explain the emission control system warranty on your Model Years 2003-2008 inboard engine.
In California, new inboard engines must be designed, built and equipped to meet the State’s stringent
anti-smog standards. Pleasurecraft must warrant the emission control system on your inboard engine for
the periods of time listed below provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of
your inboard engine.
Your emission control system may include parts such as the carburetor or fuel injection system, the ignition
system, and catalytic converter. Also included may be hoses, belts, connectors and other emission-related
assemblies.
Where a warrantable condition exists, Pleasurecraft will repair your inboard engine at no cost to you, including
diagnosis, parts and labor.
MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY COVERAGE:
Select emission control parts from Model Years 2003-2008 inboard engines are warranted for 2 years.
OWNER’S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES:
- As the inboard engine owner, you are responsible for the performance of the required maintenance listed
in your owner’s manual. Pleasurecraft recommends that you retain all receipts covering maintenance on
your inboard engine, but Pleasurecraft cannot deny warranty coverage solely for the lack of receipts or your
failure to ensure the performance of all scheduled maintenance.
- As the inboard engine owner, you should however be aware that Pleasurecraft may deny you warranty coverage if your inboard engine or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance or unapproved
modifications.
- You are responsible for presenting your inboard engine to a Pleasurecraft distribution center as soon as a
problem exists. The warranty repairs will be completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed thirty
(30) days.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact Pleasurecraft
at 1-803-345-0050.
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INTRODUCTION - 1
PLEASURECRAFT MARINE ENGINE CO. MODEL YEARS 2003-2008 GENERAL
EMISSIONS WARRANTY COVERAGE
1. Pleasurecraft Marine Engine Co. (hereinafter referred to as “Pleasurecraft”) warrants to the first owner
purchasing at retail, and all subsequent owners, of every Pleasurecraft Model Years 2003-2008 inboard
engine that the emissions control devices on Pleasurecraft inboard marine engines are free from defects
in materials and workmanship when manufactured and will remain so for a period of two (2) years from the
date of delivery to the first owner purchasing the engine at retail or from the date the engine is first placed
into service for demonstration or any other purpose prior to sale to the first owner purchasing the engine
at retail.
2. Pursuant to the California Code of Regulations Title 13, Chapter 9, Article 4.7§ 2445.1, Pleasurecraft warrants that each Pleasurecraft engine is designed, built and equipped to conform with all applicable regulations adopted by the California Air Resources Board pursuant to its authority in Chapters 1 and 2, Part 5,
Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, and is free from defects in materials and workmanship that
cause the failure of a warranted part to be identical in all material respects to that part as described in
Pleasurecraft’s application for certification.
3. Any part covered under this Warranty that is not scheduled for replacement as required maintenance, in
the written instructions to be found within the Pleasurecraft Owners/Operators Manual, is warranted for the
period of two (2) years. If the part fails during the period of warranty coverage, Pleasurecraft will repair
or replace the defective part at any Pleasurecraft warranty station. The repair or replacement will be performed at no charge to the owner. Any such part repaired or replaced under this Warranty will be warranted
for the remainder of the two (2) year period.
4. Any part covered under this Warranty that is scheduled only for regular inspection in the written instructions
to be found within the Pleasurecraft Owners/Operators Manual, is warranted for the period of two (2) years.
If the part fails during the period of warranty coverage, Pleasurecraft will repair or replace the defective
part at any Pleasurecraft warranty station. The repair or replacement will be performed at no charge to the
owner. Any such part repaired or replaced under this Warranty will be warranted for the remainder of the
two (2) year period.
5. Any part covered under this Warranty that is scheduled for replacement as required maintenance in the
written instructions to be found within the Pleasurecraft Owners/Operators Manual will be warranted for
the period of time before the first scheduled replacement date for that part. If the part fails before the first
scheduled replacement, Pleasurecraft will repair or replace the defective part at any Pleasurecraft warranty
station. The repair or replacement will be performed at no charge to the owner. Any such part repaired or
replaced under this Warranty will be warranted for the remainder of the period prior to the first scheduled
replacement date for the part.
6. Replacement of any part under this Warranty with a Pleasurecraft supplied part, will not shorten nor extend
the warranty period(s) stated in paragraphs one (1) thru four (4) above.
7. The engine owner will not be charged for diagnostic labor that is directly associated with diagnosis
of a defective, emission-related warranted part, provided that such diagnostic work is performed at a
Pleasurecraft warranty station.
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INTRODUCTION - 1
8. To insure prompt repair under this Warranty, Pleasurecraft will maintain a supply of warranted parts sufficient to meet the expected demand for such parts. Any replacement part may be used in the performance
of any warranty maintenance or repairs and will be provided by Pleasurecraft without charge to the owner.
9. Parts covered under this Warranty are: spark plugs, spark advance/retard system, ignition coil and/or control module, ignition wires, PCV valve, oil filler cap, intake valve(s), intake manifold, exhaust manifold,
exhaust valve(s) hoses, clamps, fittings, tubing, sealing gaskets or devices, and mounting hardware, pulleys, belts and idlers, temperature check, and valves and switches, and electronic controls.
10. Exclusions: The repair or replacement of any warranted part otherwise eligible for coverage under this
Warranty may be excluded from such warranty coverage if Pleasurecraft demonstrates that the engine
and/or part has been abused, neglected, or improperly maintained, and that such abuse, neglect, or
improper maintenance was the direct cause of the need for repair or replacement of the part.
11. Pleasurecraft original equipment parts are “identical in all material respects to that part as described in
the engine manufacturer’s application for certification”. The use of any replacement parts not supplied by
Pleasurecraft may not meet this requirement and will be grounds for disallowing a claim made under this
Warranty. Pleasurecraft will not be liable under this Warranty or provide warranty coverage for product
failures caused by parts other than Pleasurecraft original equipment parts.
12. If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, or the location of Pleasurecraft
warranty stations near you, you should contact Pleasurecraft at 1-803-345-0050.
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INTRODUCTION - 1
This Page Was
Intentionally
Left Blank
L510010-04
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INTRODUCTION - 1
SAFETY INFORMATION
REPLACEMENT PARTS
“Safety Warnings” and additional information or
instructions are used to alert the installer/operator of
possible safety hazards in performing certain service
or maintenance procedures incorrectly or carelessly.
DANGERS and WARNINGS are accompanied by the
international HAZARD symbol:
These “Safety Warnings” alone cannot eliminate the
hazards that they signal. Strict compliance with
these warning instructions while performing service
and maintenance procedures, plus “common sense”
operation, are major accident prevention measures.
DANGER
Electrical, ignition and fuel system components are
designed and manufactured to comply with U.S.
Coast Guard rules and regulations to minimize the
possibility of fire or explosion hazard.
Use of replacement parts (i.e. automotive, after-market,
etc.) in the electrical, ignition and fuel systems, which are
not U.S. Coast Guard approved, could cause a fire or
explosion hazard and should be avoided.
Always request that genuine PCM Engines replacement
parts be used in any repairs or maintenance being
performed on your engine(s).
SAFETY WARNINGS
DANGER
Signals serious damage, failure or breakdown of equipment; severe injury or high probability of death to the user if
proper precautions are not taken. This signal word is applied in extreme situations
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard which could result in personal injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a hazard which could result in damage to equipment.
IMPORTANT: or IMPORTANT: Used to provide information to perform a procedure more easily.
WARRANTY NOTICE: Indicates a possible warranty exclusion.
L510010-04
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BOATING RESPONSIBILITIES - 2
To find out more about making boating safer, including
how you can prevent carbon monoxide poisoning on
recreational boats, contact:
CARBON MONOXIDE HAZARD
DANGER
Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless
and tasteless gas. You cannot see it, smell it or
taste it. Prolonged exposure to carbon monoxide
can lead to unconsciousness, brain damage or
death!
Carbon monoxide is produced when anything that
contains carbon, such as gasoline, natural gas, oil,
propane, coal or wood is burned. Carbon monoxide is
commonly found in the exhaust of internal combustion
engines (boat power plants, generators, etc.). In
addition, open flame devices like cooking ranges,
heaters and charcoal grills also produce carbon
monoxide.
Carbon monoxide accumulation, in and around boats
is affected by vessel geometry; overall vessel design;
closeness to other structures; wind direction; boat speed;
and many other variables. In no way can this section
cover all of the possible variables. Do not rely on this
section as the exclusive listing of measures to prevent
the accumulation of carbon monoxide.
Consult your boat operators manual for detailed
information on the inspection and/or maintenance of
the exhaust system for your particular application. If
an inspection reveals possible leaks, DO NOT operate
your engine(s) until it can be serviced by a qualified
technician.
Proper and adequate air circulation, around and
throughout the boat, is absolutely necessary to aid in
the prevention of carbon monoxide build-up. If you
have any questions or concerns regarding the operation
of your boat and carbon monoxide hazards, DO NOT
operate your engines until you have contacted your boat
manufacturer.
L510010-04
10
National Marine Manufacturers Association
200 East Randolph Drive
Suite 5100
Chicago, IL 60601-6528
www.nmma.org
312-946-6200
United States Coast Guard
Office of Boating Safety
CG Headquarters G-OPB-3
2100 Second Street SW
Washington, DC 20593
www.uscgboating.org
202-267-0984
American Boat & Yacht Council, Inc.
3069 Solomon’s Island Road
Edgewater, MD 21037-1416
www.abyc.com
410-956-1050
BOATING RESPONSIBILITIES - 2
SAFE BOATING SUGGESTIONS
The nation’s waterways are becoming increasingly
crowded and, in order to enjoy them safely, the
operator should acquaint himself/herself with safe
boating practices. Boating safely and seamanship
courses are offered by the following national and state
organizations:
•
•
•
•
The following is a list of suggested safety equipment
and spare parts which may be useful in case of an
emergency:
•
•
•
•
Power Squadrons
Coast Guard Auxiliary
Red Cross
State, provincial or local agencies in charge of
water safety enforcement
•
•
•
•
•
PCM Engines highly recommends that all power boat
operators attend one of these courses. To help locate
a course being offered near you, contact Boat U.S.
Foundation’s toll-free national boating safety hotline,
1-800-336-BOAT, and in Virginia, 1-800-245-BOAT.
•
•
Approved personal flotation devices (life jackets);
one for each person on board.
Approved throwable personal flotation device for
man-overboard protection.
Approved fire extinguishers.
Signal devices: flares, spotlight, signal flag and
horn or whistle.
PCM Engines’ “Onboard Kit,” plus spare fuses,
bulbs, batteries, etc. Tools necessary for minor
repairs.
Spare propeller.
Anchor and anchor line.
First aid kit and first aid book.
Ship-to-shore radio, compass and chart of the
area in which you are traveling.
Manual bilge pump and spare drain plugs.
Waterproof storage containers.
WATER WISDOM
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
The following are suggestions for safe operation of
your boat to ensure the safety of yourself and your
passengers:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Know your boat’s loading and operating
limitations. DO NOT OVERLOAD!
Make periodic checks of safety equipment
onboard.
Do not consume alcoholic beverages or take
illegal drugs when operating a boat. Some state
laws apply to boats as well as motor vehicles.
File a “float plan.” Let someone know your
destination and your expected time of return.
Monitor the weather. Know the signs of weather
change and avoid severe weather and rough
seas whenever possible.
Follow the “Rules of the Road” when boating.
Always be on the alert and watch out for “the
other guy.”
Plan and chart your course. Be aware of, and
avoid, hazardous areas.
Be sure your boat is equipped with the required
safety equipment. Check with the Coast Guard
and local government agencies as to the
regulations and restrictions in your area. Contact
your local Coast Guard Auxiliary and take
advantage of their seasonal boat inspections.
It is the owner’s/operator’s responsibility to perform
all safety checks before operating his/her boat. All
lubrication and maintenance schedules must be adhered
to assure optimum performance and dependability from
your PCM engine. When service and maintenance are
required, return to your authorized PCM Engine Dealer.
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BOATING RESPONSIBILITIES - 2
RULES OF THE ROAD
Channel Buoy Guide
The color of the paint is the only characteristic which
has the same meaning on all buoys. Red buoys always
indicate the starboard side of the channel from seaward.
(Red Right Returning)
2
5
1. Nun Buoy: This buoy indicates the
starboard side of the channel when
returning from sea. It is conical shape,
the color red and indicates even numbers.
A nun buoy with red and green horizontal
bands (top band red), and not numbered,
indicates an obstruction. The principal
channel is to the left of the buoy when
returning from sea.
2. Can Buoy: This buoy indicates the port
side of the channel when returning from
sea. It is cylindrical shape, the color green
and indicates odd numbers. A can buoy
with green and red horizontal bands (top
band green), and not numbered, indicates
an obstruction. The principal channel is to
the right of the buoy when returning from
sea.
Boat Capacity
• Load only to manufacturer’s specifications.
• Distribute load evenly; keep it low.
• Passengers should only ride on the parts of the
boat that are designed for that purpose.
• If water is rough, carry fewer passengers.
Observe the Rules of the Road
PORT (Left) - Leaving the harbor with green buoys to
your right.
STARBOARD (Right) - Entering the harbor with red
buoys to your right.
Keep to Right
in narrow
channels.
Boat being overtaken
has right of way.
Overtaking boat must
stay clear.
Yield to boats
approaching in
this area.
Know Your Horn Signals
3. Lighted Buoy (RED): This buoy has a
flashing red light. It indicates the starboard
side of the channel when returning from
sea.
4. Lighted Buoy (GREEN): This buoy has
a quick flashing green light. It indicates
the port side of the channel when returning
from sea. The quick flashing light indicates
special caution required.
1 Short Blast = Passing you on my port side.
2 Short Blasts = Passing you on my starboard side.
3 Short Blasts = I am going astern.
5 Short Blasts = Danger.
Always refer to the latest U.S. Coast Guard Navigation
Rules CG-169
Keep An Alert Lookout For:
Bad weather, Swimmers, Other boats, Water skiers,
Fisherman, Divers and/or any other obstructions.
Keep Your Wake Under Control, particularly upon
entering or leaving harbor areas. You are responsible
for wake damage to other vessels and/or property.
Small Craft
Winds up to
38 MPH
Gale Winds
38 - 54 MPH
Storm Winds
over 55 MPH
Hurricane
Winds over
63 MPH
Do Not Fool With Fuel
1/2 pint of gasoline = 15 sticks of dynamite
1. During fueling, moor boat properly; remove all
passengers.
2. Keep all doors, hatches and ports closed.
3. Shut down all electronic gear; extinguish galley
fires, pilot lights and smoking materials.
4. Do not overload tanks.
5. Keep filling nozzles in contact with the fill pipe to
prevent sparks.
6. Secure the fill cap tightly; wipe away any spillage.
7. Ventilate all components for a minimum of five
minutes before starting engines.
8. Keep fuel lines and bilges clean.
Storm Warning Signals - Pennants (by day)
Lights (by night)
L510010-04
12
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION - 3
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
5.7L 350 c.i.d MULTIPORT FUEL INJECTION
When ordering service parts or obtaining information,
always give the engine model and the serial number.
This information can be found on the following decal.
MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS CRUISE: 3800 RPM
MAXIMUM ENGINE SPEED (WOT): 5000 RPM
FUEL PRESSURE
48-52 @ Idle
53-57 @ W.O.T.
ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS
15W-40 Above 50 degrees F
5W-30 Below 50 degrees F
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
12 Volts - Negative Ground
MARINE GEAR OIL RECOMMENDATIONS
All PCM, Warner and Hurth Transmissions: Dextron III
ENGINES
IGNITION TIMING @ 1000 RPM
10 degrees (Non-adjustable)
SPARK PLUG: Gap .060"
FIRING ORDER: 18436572
ENGINE IDLE: 650-700 (Non-adjustable)
Important! See yours owners manual to insure that specifications for your
engine have not changed or been ommitted from the specifications listed.
marine engines
1. ENGINE SPECIFICATION DECAL
MAKE
MODEL
FIRING ORDER
MAKE
MODEL
FIRING ORDER
FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS
Unleaded 89 Octane (Minimum)
SERIAL
THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S.
GOVERNMENT STANDARDS FOR MARINE ENGINES
IN EFFECT AT DATE OF MANUFACTURE.
SERIAL
LITTLE MOUNTAIN, SC 29075
PCM
HIGHWAY 76 EAST
LITTLE MOUNTAIN
S.C. 29075
MARINE POWER
MODEL
SERIAL No
RATIO
OIL TYPE:
DEXRON III
CHECK OIL LEVEL DAILY
OIL CHANGE AFTER FIRST 25 HOURS OF
OPERATION AND EVERY 100 HOURS OR 12
MONTHS, WHICHEVER OCCURS FIRST.
IMPORTANT NOTE: WARRANTY IS VOID IF
MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION INSTRUCTIONS
PER PCM MANUAL ARE NOT FOLLOWED.
3. TRANSMISSION
IDENTIFICATION PLATE
2. ENGINE IDENTIFICATION DECAL
THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S.
GOVERNMENT STANDARDS FOR MARINE ENGINES
IN EFFECT AT DATE OF MANUFACTURE.
1
2
LITTLE MOUNTAIN, SC 29075
Figure 3-1 Engine Identification Decal
3
OWNER IDENTIFICATION AND REGISTRATION
INFORMATION
We suggest that you record the following information
for quick reference when ordering parts or requesting
service or warranty.
2
Figure 3-2 Engine Identification Tag Locations (5.0/5.7L)
PORT
STARBOARD
Engine Model Number:
Serial Number(s):
Gear Model Number:
Serial Number(s):
Boat Make:
Boat Model:
Hull Serial Number:
Propeller Size:
Ignition Key Number:
L510010-04
13
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION - 3
PCM
2004 MODEL IDENTIFICATION / ADVISORY
MODEL P X L A P R R 123 M SERIAL 440000
1st Space: MANUFACTURER
P - Pleasurecraft Marine
2nd Space: FACTORY FRESHWATER / CLOSED
COOLING
X-Freshwater Cooled
(Space Omitted If Raw Water Cooled )
3rd Space: ENGINE ROTATION
L - Rotation, Left-Hand from Rear
R - Rotation, Right-Hand from Rear
4th Space: ENGINE TYPE
A = 5.7L (350 CID HO)
Q = 6.0L (364 CID)
G = 5.0L (305 CID STD)
X = 8.1L (496 CID STD)
Z = 8.1L (496 CID HO)
(GM)
(GM)
(GM)
(GM)
(GM)
5th Space: DRIVE MANUFACTURER
P - Pleasurecraft
W - Borg-Warner
V - Velvet Drive (cast iron units. Specify 71c or
72c)
H - Hurth
8th 9th 10th Spaces: DRIVE GEAR RATIO OR REDUCTION
The drive gear ratio will appear in these spaces
which identifies the production gear specs. The
example gear number shown is a (1.23:1). If
the gear being identified does not have 3 digits,
a “0” will appear in 10th space.
Example: ( 1.0:1 ) will appear as 100
( 1.5:1 ) will appear as 150
*MODELS ENDING WITH “000000” IN PLACE OF
DRIVE I.D. ARE BOBTAIL ENGINES.
11th Space: IGNITION / FUEL TYPE USED
D - DISTRIBUTOR (Carb)
E - THROTTLE BODY INJECTION
M - MULTI-PORT FUEL INJECTION
*SERIAL NUMBER I.D.*
1st DIGIT INDICATES DECADE ENGINE WAS
MANUFACTURED ( 3 = 1990, 4 = 2000, 5 = 2010 )
2nd DIGIT INDICATES YEAR ENGINE WAS
MANUFACTURED.
6th Space: DRIVE FUNCTION / APPLICATION
R - Reverse / Reduction
V - Vee Drive / Reversed Risers
F - Full Reversing
M - Multispeed
7th Space: PROPELLER SHAFT ROTATION
L - Left-Hand Rotation
R - Right-Hand Rotation
L510010-04
14
ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION INFORMATION - 4
ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM
POWER REDUCTION MODE
The PCM engines covered in this manual are equipped
with an Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) system, which
allows precise control of fuel and spark delivery. The
fuel system components of the EFI system are:
• The electric fuel pump
• The throttle body assembly
• The fuel injectors
The ECM monitors engine oil pressure and engine
coolant temperature whenever the engine is running.
If either one of these inputs indicate an abnormal
reading, the system will go into “Power Reduction” mode,
followed by the illumination of an indicator lamp and/or
sounding of the warning buzzer (if equipped). This is a
feature that will help protect the engine during an overtemp or low oil pressure condition.
The fuel injection system is controlled by an Electronic
Control Module (ECM). The ECM is the decision
center of the system. The ECM constantly monitors
information from various sensors on the engine, and
electronically processes the information, in order to
control ignition timing and fuel delivery for optimum
performance and fuel economy. The ECM incorporates
an engine overspeed protection, calibrated to a specific
RPM, to prevent engine damage from over-revving.
The sensors that the ECM monitors are:
• Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor
• Throttle Position (TP) Sensor
• Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor
• Knock Sensor (KS) System
• Crankshaft Positioning (CKP) Sensor
• Camshaft Positioning (CMP) Sensor
• Intake Air Temperature (IAT) Sensor
When in “Power Reduction” mode, the ECM will allow
normal engine performance up to 2000 RPM. Above
2000 RPM, the ECM allows fuel delivery through only
half of the fuel injectors. Once the RPM is brought down
below 1200 RPM, normal engine operation is restored
until the RPM exceeds 2000 RPM. The feature allows
maneuverability of the boat while removing the possibility
of high engine speed operation until the problem is
corrected.
NOTICE: If it is not possible to safely shut off the
engine, return the engine to idle speed. Once returned
to idle, the ECM will allow the engine to operate normally
below 2000 RPM.
L510010-04
15
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - 5
ENGINE ALARM SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The PCM engine electronic system is programmed to
control the engine alarm system. This system utilizes
an audible alarm and/or optional indicator lamps to warn
the operator of possible engine problems, and that the
engine have entered the “Power Reduction” mode as
covered earlier in this manual.
The alarm has a “self” checking feature programmed into
the system. This feature will sound the alarm for two
short pulses upon initial start-up of the engine.
If the alarm sounds during operation, immediately throttle
back to idle speed. Observe the indicator lamps to
locate the problem circuit. The engine should be shut off
to prevent damage to the engine.
NOTICE: Some boat builders may install their own
alarm system. It is recommended that the boat owner
check with his or her boat dealer for an explanation of
the particular alarm system upon initial delivery.
L510010-04
16
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - 5
INSTRUMENTATION
Boat manufacturers install many different types of
instrumentation on boats. Become familiar with the
instrumentation on your boat and be aware of abnormal
operating conditions. The following is a brief explanation
of typical instrumentation found on most boats:
1. Tachometer - indicates the engine RPM
(revolutions per minute)
2. Engine Synchronizer (twin engines only)
3. Water Temperature Gauge - indicates the engine
coolant temperature
4. Oil Pressure Gauge - indicates the engine oil
pressure
5. Voltmeter - indicates the battery voltage and
charging system voltage
6. Hour Meter - indicates the engine operating time
7. Fuel Level Gauge - indicates the fuel tank level
8. Check Engine Lamp - indicates a problem with
the engine control system
L510010-04
17
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - 5
STARTING ENGINE (FUEL INJECTED ENGINES)
WARNING
Before starting engine, ventilate the engine
compartment by operating the bilge blower for
a minimum of five minutes to remove any gas
fumes from the engine compartment. If the boat
is not equipped with a blower, open the engine
compartment hatches to ventilate and leave open
while starting engine.
Check for
signs of
external leaks
IMPORTANT: Do not start the engine without water
being supplied to the sea water pick-up pump
or sea-water pump impeller will be damaged, and
subsequent overheating damage to the engine may
result.
Figure 5-2A Water Leaks
After performing the initial safety checks, proceed as
follows to start the engine:
IMPORTANT: The following items should be
checked before starting the engine, and each time
the boat is operated:
•
Fuel system for any signs of leakage
•
Operation of remote controls and steering
•
Engine and transmission oil levels
•
Fuel tank levels
•
Exhaust system for leaks and tightness of the
clamps
•
Battery connections and water level in battery
cells
Check for
signs of
external leaks
1. Turn the battery switch ON (if equipped).
2. Open the fuel valve.
3. Open the seacock.
4. Place the remote control in Neutral position. The
transmission is equipped with a neutral safety
switch, which will not allow the starter motor to
operate unless the transmission is in neutral.
5. Do not pump or open the throttle when
starting the engine (Figure 5-1). The ECM
will automatically regulate the fuel and control
desired idle speed.
6. Turn the ignition key to the start position. When
the engine starts, release the key.
•
Accessory drive belt(s)
•
Cooling system for leaks. If equipped with freshwater cooling, check coolant level in recovery
bottle. Check for signs of water leaks at the
exhaust manifolds, risers and elbows (Figure
5-2A). If the water is leaking externally, it is
possible that the water is also leaking internally.
This could result in internal engine damage. It
is very important to service these maintenance
items as soon as a problem is indicated.
NOTICE: Engine idle speed is controlled by the ECM
and is based on the operating temperature of the engine.
Upon initial start-up, engine RPM will be slightly higher
and will automatically decrease as the engine operating
temperature increases.
7. In the event the engine becomes flooded,
move the throttle lever to a 100% open position
(Figure 5-1). At this throttle position, the ECM will
command the injectors to deliver no fuel during
engine cranking. When the engine starts, return
the throttle lever back to the idle position.
IMPORTANT: If the engine fails to start within 20-30
seconds, turn the ignition key to the OFF position
and allow 2 minutes for the starter motor to cool off
before attempting to restart the engine.
L510010-04
18
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - 5
CLEAR
FLOOD
(100%)
SHIFTING TRANSMISSION
STARTING
OR IDLE
POSITION
CAUTION
Never shift the transmission into or out of gear
unless the throttle is at the idle position. Shifting the
transmission above 1000 RPM can severely damage
the boat, transmission and engine.
1. Set the throttle lever at the idle position.
2. Move the transmission lever completely forward
to shift into Forward gear.
FULL
THROTTLE
(WOT)
3. Move the transmission lever completely
backward to shift into Reverse gear.
4. Move the transmission lever to the center detent
position to shift into Neutral.
Figure 5-1 Throttle Position Setting
NEUTRAL
NOTICE: If engine still fails to start, contact your PCM
Engines Dealer for service.
8. Check engine oil pressure immediately after
the engine starts. If oil pressure is not
within specifications (see Engine Specifications),
immediately stop the engine and determine the
cause.
REVERSE
GEAR
FORWARD
GEAR
9. Check voltmeter for proper charging system
operation.
10. Check the engine and transmission for fuel, oil,
water and exhaust leaks.
11. Allow the engine to reach normal operating
temperature. Check the temperature gauge
to ensure the engine is operating within the
normal temperature range. If the temperature
is abnormally high, stop the engine immediately
and determine the cause.
Figure 5-2 Shift Control
L510010-04
19
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - 5
STOPPING ENGINE
FREEZING TEMPERATURE OPERATION
When returning to the dock, or whenever stopping the
engine, bring the throttle back to the idle position. After
the engine reaches idle speed, turn the ignition key to
the OFF position.
If the possibility of freezing exists, the cooling system
must be protected after the engine is shut off to prevent
freeze damage to the engine. Refer to OUT-OFSEASON STORAGE for draining instructions.
Before stopping the engine after extended high speed
operation, allow the engine to idle at 1200 RPM for 3 to 5
minutes to allow the engine to cool down before shutting
off the ignition.
OPERATION IN HIGH DEBRIS AREAS
After stopping the engine, complete the following:
1. Turn the battery switch OFF, if equipped.
If the boat is to be operated in high debris areas, a sea
strainer should be installed in the water inlet hose to
prevent debris from entering the cooling system. The
strainer used must be of sufficient size to allow an
adequate supply of water for cooling the engine. A
minimum of 30 gallons per minute (114 liters per minute)
flow rate is required.
2. Close the fuel valve.
3. Close the seacock.
4. Flush the cooling system if in a salt water area.
L510010-04
20
CONDITIONS AFFECTING OPERATION - 6
TRIM AND WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
BOAT BOTTOM
Trimming of the boat and positioning of the weight (gear
and passengers) inside the boat has the following effects
on handling:
To ensure maximum engine performance, fuel economy
and boat speed, the bottom of your boat must be kept
clean and free of marine growth and barnacles. Marine
vegetation may accumulate when the boat is docked
and should be removed before operation. If the boat
is docked for long periods of time, the water inlets may
become clogged with growth and will cause the engine
to overheat.
•
Trimming the bow up or shifting weight to the
stern (rear).
−
•
Normally used for cruising (running) with a
choppy wave condition (following sea) for
running at full speed.
In most areas, it is advisable to coat the boat bottom with
antifouling paint to prevent the build-up of marine growth.
Contact your dealer for advice on these requirements in
your area.
−
Will generally increase speed and engine
RPM.
−
Will cause the bow to bounce in rough water.
−
In extreme, may cause the boat to porpoise.
−
When coming off plane, it increases the
chances of following wave splashing into the
stern of the boat.
Trimming the bow down or shifting the weight to
the bow (front).
−
Normally used for cruising (running) against
a choppy wave condition, acceleration onto
plane and operating at slow planing speeds.
−
Will improve rough water ride and handling.
−
In extreme, may cause the boat to bow steer
(veer back and forth with little control).
L510010-04
21
CONDITIONS AFFECTING OPERATION - 6
PROPELLER SELECTION
Best all-around performance and maximum engine life is
achieved when the engine is propped to run near the top
of (but within) the recommended full throttle RPM range
with a normal load. See ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS for
rated full throttle RPM for your model engine.
Generally, gross weight (total weight of the entire
boat, including full fuel and water, optional equipment,
passengers and other miscellaneous gear) is one of
the major factors and should be one of the primary
considerations when selecting a propeller. Other factors
to take into consideration are as follows:
If full throttle RPM is above or below the recommended
range as stated in ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS, the
propeller must be changed to prevent loss of
performance. A one-inch change in either the pitch
or diameter of a given propeller will generally change
engine RPM by 150 to 250 RPM.
ENGINE RPM CHART
Model
Minimum
Full Load
Preferred
Maximum
MP 5.0L
4600
4800
5000
MP 5.7L
4800
5000
5200
Warmer weather and higher humidity will cause
an RPM loss.
MP 6.0L
4800
5200
5300
•
Operating the boat in a higher elevation will
cause an RPM loss.
MP 8.1L
(Python)
4800
5000
5200
•
Operating the boat with an increased load
will cause an RPM loss (additional equipment,
passengers, etc.).
•
CAUTION
Prolonged WOT operation will shorten the life of
your engine and could cause premature engine
failure. See NORMAL CRUISING SPEEDS in
SPECIFICATIONS. Problems caused by WOT
operation are considered abuse and are not covered
under the PCM Warranty.
NOTICE: These engines incorporate a RPM “REV
LIMIT” in order to prevent the engine from over-revving.
L510010-04
22
ENGINE BREAK-IN PERIOD - 7
WARNING
CAUTION
Use this procedure ONLY when conditions are such
that it can be done in complete safety.
DO NOT attempt to break in any engine by prolong
idling, or running at the dock.
The break-in period of your engine is the first 25 hours
of operation. Proper engine break-in is essential to
achieve maximum performance, longevity and minimum
oil consumption. During the break-in period, the
following operation guidelines must be adhered to:
•
After the engine is thoroughly warmed up, and
the boat is underway, open the throttle to wide
open throttle until maximum RPM is reached. DO
NOT EXCEED MAXIMUM RPM. (RPM should
cease climbing after 10 to 20 seconds).
CAUTION
DO NOT operate at full throttle in neutral at any time,
or at sustained full throttle during the first 5 hours
of operation. Thereafter, use sustained wide open
throttle in the event of an emergency.
•
Reduce the throttle to 2800 - 3000 RPM, and
cruise at or below this speed for 1/2 hour.
Reduce the speed to idle. Go to wide open
throttle until maximum RPM is reached and
operate for approximately 1 minute. Reduce
throttle to 2800-3000 RPM and operate for a few
minutes. (Bringing the engine speed from idle to
wide open throttle will load the engine and assist
in seating the piston rings). This cycle should be
repeated from time to time during the first 5 hours
of operation, but wide open throttle should not be
sustained for more than 1 minute.
•
During the remaining 20 hours of break in period,
the engines can be run at cruise speeds that are
approximately 75-80% of the wide open throttle
RPM, occasionally varying the cruise speed by
100 RPM.
•
During the early part of the break in period, the
correct propeller selection can be confirmed.
(With a normal load aboard, the engine’s RPM
should reach, but not exceed, the maximum RPM
as listed in the specifications section).
•
During the break in, all gauges should be
watched carefully, and the speed should be
reduced if abnormal readings become evident.
The engine oil level should be checked often and oil
added when necessary. It must be understood that
every internal combustion engine will use a certain
amount of oil during operation to act as a lubricating
and cooling agent, especially during the break-in period.
Oil consumption should decrease and become stabilized
after approximately 100 hours of operation.
At the end of your 25-hour break-in period, contact your
dealer and have the recommended 25-hour inspection
done.
NOTICE: PCM Engines assumes no responsibility for
the costs related to the 25-hour inspection. This is the
owner’s responsibility.
L510010-04
23
25-HOUR ENGINE INSPECTION - 8
After the first 25 hours of operation, it is recommended
that the engine be given an inspection. Your boat
dealer or a PCM servicing dealer should be contacted
to perform the necessary checks and adjustments to
ensure the proper engine performance. The following
maintenance should be performed:
•
Change the engine oil and filter.
•
Replace the primary fuel filter
•
Check the engine alignment.
•
Inspect the accessory drive belt(s) and check the
tension.
•
Check all the fluid levels.
•
Check the throttle and the shift cable adjustments
and check for freedom of movement.
Cooling System - Inspect all the hoses for leaks,
damage and deterioration. Check all the hose
clamps for adequate tightness.
•
Exhaust System - Inspect the entire exhaust
system for leaks, damage and deterioration.
Check all the hose clamps for adequate
tightness.
•
Battery - Check the electrolyte level and specific
gravity. Inspect the case for damage. Check the
battery cables and connections.
•
Engine Assembly - Check for loose, missing
or damaged parts. Pay close attention to
engine mounts, starter and alternator mounting
fasteners.
NOTICE: PCM Engines assumes no responsibility for
the costs related to the 25-hour inspection. This is the
owner’s responsibility.
L510010-04
24
•
FUEL REQUIREMENTS - 9
GASOLINE REQUIREMENTS
GASOLINE CONTAINING ALCOHOL
WARRANTY NOTICE: Damage caused to the engine
through the use of improper gasoline, low-quality or
gasoline with an octane rating below the minimum
requirements listed below, is considered misuse of the
engine. Such damage is not covered by the PCM
Engines warranty.
Gasoline containing alcohol, either ethanol (ethyl
alcohol) or methanol (methyl alcohol) is not
recommended for use in your engine. Gasoline
containing alcohol will attract and hold moisture and may
cause the following:
•
The ignition timing set by the factory requires the use
of a high-quality lead-free regular gasoline with the
following octane specification.
Hard starting and operating difficulties (vapor
lock, low speed stalling)
•
Corrosion of metal parts
Pump Octane Number (R+M/2) (PUMP) - 87
•
Excessive wear and damage to internal engine
parts
•
Fuel permeation through flexible fuel lines
•
Deterioration of some nonmetallic materials
UN
87
L
E
EAD
D
$
D
DE
LEA R
UN GULA
E
R
The adverse effects of alcohol are more severe with
methanol and are worse with increasing alcohol content.
MINIMUM OCTANE RATING
If gasoline containing alcohol is used, or if the presence
of alcohol is uncertain, more frequent inspections of the
complete fuel system are required. Any sign of fuel
leakage or deterioration must be repaired immediately
before further engine operation.
R + M/2 METHOD
87
CAUTION
Figure 9-1 Fuel Requirements
NOTICE: Most PCM Fuel Injected engines are
calibrated to operate on 87 octane fuel and maximum
performance is obtained when using this fuel. Some
applications may require a higher octane fuel. These
particular applications will be noted.
If a slight pinging is heard during acceleration and the
proper octane fuel is being used, it is considered normal.
If a constant, heavy knock occurs, the engine should be
evaluated by a PCM Engine service technician.
Fire and Explosion Hazard - Gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive, and , if ignited,
can cause serious bodily injury or death. Careful
inspection of the entire fuel system including, but
not limited to, fuel tanks, fuel lines, fuel filters and
all fittings is mandatory, especially after periods of
storage. Replace any component that shows signs of
leakage, corrosion, deterioration, swelling, hardening
or softening.
NOTICE: Some gasolines contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadlenyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT), and they should not be used.
These fuels may reduce spark plug life, and engine
performance may be effected.
L510010-04
25
OIL REQUIREMENTS - 10
WARRANTY NOTICE: PCM Engines reserves the right
to refuse warranty on part(s) and/or engine(s) damaged
by using improper fuels and engine oils.
ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS
Use of Supplemental Additives
Engine oils meeting PCM Engines’ recommendations
already contain a balanced additive treatment. The
use of supplemental additives which are added to the
engine oil by the customer are unnecessary and may
be harmful. PCM Engines does not review, approve or
recommend such products.
Oil Change Intervals (Common)
Crankcase oil and oil filter change - Recommended
intervals:
•
Initial oil change - 1st 60 days or 25 hours of
operation, whichever occurs first
•
Regular oil changes - Every 50 hours of
operation or 120 days, whichever occurs first
Synthetic Oils
Synthetic engine oils are not recommended for use
in PCM Engines. Synthetics may offer advantages
in cold temperature pumpability and high temperature
oxidation-resistance. However, synthetic oils have not
proven to provide operational or economic benefits
over conventional petroleum-based oils in PCM Engines.
Their use does not permit the extension of oil change
intervals.
Engine Oil Requirements
TRANSMISSION AND “V”-DRIVE OIL
REQUIREMENTS
Transmission
and “V” Drive
PCM
Transmissions
Dexron III Automatic
Transmission Fluid (ATF)
or equivalent
Walters “V”-Drive
SAE 30
All Hurth Gear
Transmissions
Dexron III Automatic
Transmission Fluid (ATF)
or equivalent
The following chart shows the recommended oil viscosity
for various ambient temperature ranges:
Prevailing Ambient
Temperature
Recommended A.P.I.
Classification & Viscosity
Above 50˚F
SAE 15W-40 “SJ”
Below 50˚F
SAE 5W-30 “SJ”
IMPORTANT: The use of oils which contain “solid”
additives, non-detergent oils or low quality oils
specifically are not recommended.
L510010-04
26
Recommended A.P.I.
Classification and
Viscosity
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
Refer to the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE for a complete
listing of required maintenance and the frequency at
which it should be performed. Some procedures may
be performed by the owner/operator while others should
be performed by an authorized PCM Engines Dealer.
Before performing any maintenance or repair procedure
not covered in this manual, it is strongly recommended
that a PCM Engines repair manual be purchased and
read thoroughly.
CHECKING FLUID LEVELS
Engine Crankcase Oil
CAUTION
ENGINE OIL
DIPSTICK
Do not overfill engine crankcase with oil, as excess
oil will be splashed by reciprocating engine parts onto
the cylinder walls in greater quantity than the rings
can control. The oil, subsequently, will be drawn into
the combustion chamber and burned. Continuous
operation under these conditions can cause carbon
to form on combustion chamber surfaces, which will
adversely affect engine performance and may lead
to premature engine failure. Splashing or agitation
of oil also may cause it to become aerated, which
will affect the oil pressure, and may result in internal
engine damage from lack of lubrication.
FULL MARK
ADD MARK
Figure 11-1 Engine Oil Dipstick (Typical)
1. Stop the engine if running. Allow approximately 5
minutes for the oil to drain back into the oil pan.
2. Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean, and reinstall it
fully into the dipstick tube.
3. Remove the dipstick and observe the oil level.
The oil level must be between the “FULL” and
“ADD” marks. If the oil level is below the “ADD”
mark, add specified oil to bring the level up to,
but not over, the “FULL” mark on the dipstick.
(Figure 11-1).
DIPSTICK
OPERATING
RANGE
WARNING
The machinery space must be closed anytime the
engine is running to prevent injury to you or others
on board. Never operate the engine with the engine
machinery space open while someone is in the
machinery space, either closed or open. Never
open the machinery space unless the engine is shut
off and the engines rotating parts are stationary.
Rotating machinery can cause injury and even death
if an accident should occur. Extreme care must be
exercised if a problem exists that requires operation
of the engine with the machinery space open. IT
IS RECOMMENDED THAT UNCOVERED ENGINE
OPERATION BE ATTEMPTED BY TRAINED AND
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
Transmission Fluid
Hurth Transmission
CAUTION
WARNING
PCM Engines uses marine transmissions supplied
by several manufacturers. The maintenance
requirements can be different between these
manufacturers. It is important that you refer to
the operation and maintenance manual supplied by
the transmission manufacturer before you attempt
to perform maintenance on your own. If no
maintenance manual is available, PCM Engines
recommends that you contact your dealer service
department for any required maintenance or service
instructions.
PCM Transmissions
Do not attempt to remove the transmission dipstick
while the engine is running. Hot transmission fluid
could be sprayed from the dipstick hole.
1. Remove the dipstick by turning the T-handle
counterclockwise. Observe the fluid level.
Replace the dipstick and tighten securely.
2. Operate the engine until the engine and the
transmission reach operating temperature.
3. Stop the engine and quickly check the fluid level
to minimize the drain-back from the oil cooler.
Remove the dipstick by turning the T-handle
counterclockwise. Observe the fluid level.
1. Engine must be running at operating
temperature.
2. Shift at least once into forward, once in reverse,
then back to neutral.
3. With the engine running, and the prop shaft not
turning, install the dipstick in all the way.
4. Remove the dipstick and check the fluid level.
The dipstick should read FULL.
4. The fluid level should be at the “FULL” or “MAX”
mark. If low, add the specified fluid through the
dipstick tube. Repeat checking procedures as
required until the fluid level is at the “FULL” or
“MAX” mark.
5. Replace the dipstick and tighten securely.
5. If the fluid level is low, add in small increments
until the FULL mark is reached.
HURTH TRANSMISSION
6. It is normal, after the engine is turned OFF, for
the level to read above the FULL mark.
SHIFT LEVER
DIPSTICK
PCM 1.23:1 TRANSMISSION
SHIFT LEVER
DIPSTICK
MIN.
MAX
Figure 11-2A Transmission Dipstick and Location
FULL MARK
Figure 11-2 Transmission Dipstick and Location
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
LUBRICATION
Shift Cable
Throttle Cable
Lubricate pivot points and exposed cable (Figure 11-4)
with SAE 30W-30 engine oil.
Lubricate pivot points and exposed cable (Figure 11-3)
with SAE 30W-30 engine oil.
BALL JOINT
CABLE
CLIP
LUBRICATION
POINTS
LUBRICATION
POINTS
Figure 11-4 Typical Shift Cable
Figure 11-3 Typical Throttle Cable
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM CIRCUIT BREAKER
FUSE BLOCK
Main Circuit Breaker
PCM engines are equipped with a circuit breaker which
provides electrical overload protection for both engine
and instrumentation wiring and components. Should an
electrical overload occur, the circuit breaker will open
and prevent electrical current flow.
When this circuit breaker opens, the cause for the high
current draw must be found and corrected. The circuit
breaker can be reset by pushing the “Reset” button IN
after waiting a few minutes. If the cause of the overload
cannot be found, disconnect all accessories which are
connected to the main wire harness.
If resetting is still not possible, check the battery and
alternator connections and all other harness connectors
on the main harness. Check for loose or disconnected
lead wires and shorted circuits.
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
Figure 11-5 Typical Electrical System Circuit Breaker
and Fuses
IGNITION FUSE
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FUSES
PCM engines utilizes fuses to control the fuel pump,
ECM and fuel injectors. The fuse block is mounted to
a bracket near the exhaust elbow under a weather-tight
cover.
If the engine will not crank when the ignition key is turned
to the START position, first check that the shift lever is in
neutral position. If the main circuit breaker is not tripped,
check for blown ignition fuse. The ignition fuse may be
located on the instrument panel, the fuse holder block
or as part of the instrument wiring harness. Check the
wiring diagrams supplied from the boat manufacturer for
the exact location.
WARNING
Always disconnect the battery cables from the
battery, when servicing the electrical system, to
prevent personal injury and to prevent damage to the
electrical system components.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WIRING AND
CONNECTORS
The electrical system wiring and connectors should be
checked periodically for loose or dirty connections and
damaged wiring. If electrical components or wiring show
signs of corrosion, deterioration or damage, consult a
PCM Engine dealer to make necessary repairs.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
BATTERY
WARNING
Follow maintenance instructions and warnings as
supplied by the battery manufacturer. If this information
is not available, follow these guidelines for the proper
battery care.
Battery electrolyte is a corrosive acid and should
be handled with care. If electrolyte is spilled or
splashed on any part of the body, IMMEDIATELY
flush the exposed area with liberal amounts of water
and obtain medical aid as soon as possible. Safety
glasses and rubber gloves are recommended when
handling batteries or filling with electrolyte.
WARNING
Hydrogen gases that escape from the battery when
charging are highly explosive. Do not use jumper
cables and a booster battery to start the engine. Do
not recharge a weak battery in the boat. Remove
the battery from the boat and recharge in a well
ventilated area away from fuel vapors, sparks and
open flames.
•
Do not operate the engine with an open in the
battery circuit, as this may cause damage to the
alternator. Make sure that all connections are
clean and secure.
•
When removing the battery cables, always
remove negative (-) cable first, and then remove
the positive (+) cable. When installing battery
cables, install the positive (+) cable first, then
install the negative (-) cable.
•
Periodically check the battery for signs of
corrosion, frayed battery leads or cracked case.
Repair or replace as necessary.
•
Periodically check the electrolyte level. Add
distilled water to bring up to the proper levels.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FRESH-WATER COOLING SYSTEM
SACRIFICIAL ZINC ANODE
HEAT EXCHANGER
PROTECTIVE ANODE
ZINC
ANODE
Located in the raw water side of the heat exchanger is
a zinc anode which is marked by a decal. To check,
remove the plug and visually check the condition of
the zinc rod. The length of the zinc rod when new is
approximately 1.5 inches. If more than one half of the
zinc is gone, replace with a new zinc anode.
Different geographic locations and water make-up can
result in either high or low sacrificial requirements. A
high rate of zinc anode consumption should also alert
the owner to a possibility of an improperly wired boat
accessory, which would require complete checking by
qualified service personnel.
Remove and check condition of zinc pencil
every 30 days. Replace if more than 50%
missing with Crusader Part #10972.
P/N 23627
FULL
ADD
Figure 11-6 Zinc Anode Location F.W.C. Heat
Exchanger (8.1L)
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
CHECKING COOLANT LEVEL
COOLANT
RECOVERY
TANK
WARNING
Do not remove cooling system filler cap when
the engine is hot. Allow the engine to cool and
then remove the pressure cap slowly, allowing the
pressure to vent. Hot coolant, under pressure, may
discharge violently and cause severe burns.
PRESSURE
CAP
Coolant Recovery Reservoir
The “see-through” plastic reservoir is connected to the
heat exchanger by a small hose. The recovery bottle
collects coolant that expands with rising temperature,
and would otherwise overflow from the system. Coolant
level should be at or slightly above the “ADD” mark on
the bottle when the system is cold. Coolant should be
added ONLY to the reservoir when the system cools.
Add specified coolant as required.
FULL
ADD
Figure 11-7 Checking Coolant Level (8.1L)
Coolant Filler Neck
Periodically, on a cool engine, remove the pressure
cap from the filler neck to ensure the coolant recovery
system is functioning properly. Coolant must be at the
top of the filler neck. If coolant is low, check the gasket
in the cap for damage. Replace if necessary. Inspect the
coolant recovery system for leaks.
DEGAS
BOTTLE
Degas Bottle
The “see-through” degas bottle is connected to the
heat exchanger by a small hose. The degas bottle
collects coolant that expands with rising temperature,
and would otherwise overflow from the system. Coolant
level should be at or slightly above the “ADD” mark on
the bottle when the system is cold. Coolant should be
added ONLY to the bottle when the system cools. Add
specified coolant as required.
Figure 11-8 Checking Coolant Level (6.0L)
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FLUSHING COOLING SYSTEM - SEA-WATER
SECTION
To prevent silt and/or salt build-up in the cooling system
(fresh or raw-water cooled), flush the sea-water section
of the cooling system with fresh water at specified
intervals. Close seacock (if applicable) before removing
inlet hose.
CAUTION
Do not operate the engine without sufficient amount
of water being supplied to the sea-water pump.
The sea-water pump impeller may be damaged and
subsequent overheating damage may result.
ATTACH
FLUSHING
ADAPTER
HERE
CAUTION
Do not run the engine above 1500 RPM when
flushing. Suction created by the sea-water pump
may collapse the flushing hose, causing the engine
to overheat. Watch the temperature gauge while
flushing to ensure the engine does not overheat.
Figure 11-9 Typical Sea-Water Inlet
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
TESTING COOLANT FOR ALKALINITY
WARNING
It is recommended that the coolant in the fresh-water
section be tested each year for alkalinity. Coolant
that is not alkaline has lost the effectiveness of its
rust inhibitors, which can lead to internal corrosion and
cooling system problems. It is recommended to replace
the standard ethylene glycol coolant in the system every
two years to prevent a build-up of harmful chemicals
within the fresh-water system.
Do not remove cooling system filler cap when
the engine is hot. Allow the engine to cool and
then remove the pressure cap slowly, allowing the
pressure to vent. Hot coolant, under pressure, may
discharge violently and cause severe burns.
DRAINING FRESH-WATER COOLING SYSTEM
NOTICE: To protect the environment, dispose of
coolant properly. Check your local restrictions for proper
disposal instructions of removed coolant.
WARNING
Do not remove cooling system filler cap when
the engine is hot. Allow the engine to cool and
then remove the pressure cap slowly, allowing the
pressure to vent. Hot coolant, under pressure, may
discharge violently and cause severe burns.
NOTICE: Refer to cooling system water flow diagrams
for drain locations.
1. Remove the following drain plugs to drain coolant
from the fresh-water cooling system:
1. Obtain red litmus paper from a local supplier
(drugstore, laboratory, etc.).
2. Remove the pressure cap from the coolant filler
neck and insert one end of the litmus paper into
the coolant.
3. If red litmus paper turns blue, coolant is alkaline
and does not need to be replaced. If the litmus
paper remains red, the coolant is not alkaline and
must be replaced.
−
Drain plug on heat exchanger
−
Remove the large hose from the engine
block water circulating pump, or drain plug on
circulation pump
−
Drain plugs on the cylinder block (one on
each side)
2. Remove the following drain plugs to raw water
from the fresh-water cooling system:
−
Drain plug on oil cooler
−
Drain plug on heat exchanger
−
Drain plug on the bottom of each exhaust
manifold
3. After system has drained completely, coat all the
drain plugs with PerfectSeal (or equivalent) and
reinstall in the proper locations. Reinstall the
hose(s) on the water circulating pump and tighten
the clamps securely.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FILLING FRESH-WATER COOLING SYSTEM
A new extended life engine coolant known as DEXCOOL™ is used in your engine(s). It is imperative to
note the following about DEX-COOL™ engine coolant:
•
IT IS PINK IN COLOR TO DISTINGUISH IT
FROM CONVENTIONAL COOLANT.
•
THE SERVICE CHANGE INTERVAL ON
ENGINES BUILT WITH DEX-COOL™ IS 5
YEARS.
•
TO MAINTAIN FULL CORROSION
PROTECTION DURABILITY, DEX-COOL™
MUST NOT BE MIXED WITH CONVENTIONAL
(CONTAINING SILICATE) ENGINE COOLANTS.
•
DEX-COOL™ IS AN ETHYLENE GLYCOL
BASED PRODUCT, THEREFORE, BOIL AND
FREEZE PROTECTION ARE MEASURED IN
THE SAME FASHION AS CONVENTIONAL
COOLANTS.
3. Start the engine and operate at idle speed
(800-1000 RPM) to purge any air from the
system. When the system is full, install the
pressure cap.
FILL
RISER
FULL
ADD
TO FULLY REALIZE ITS MANY ADVANTAGES,
DEX-COOL™ MUST NEVER BE MIXED WITH
CONVENTIONAL COOLANTS.
Figure 11-10 F.W.C. Fill Riser Location (8.1L)
DEX-COOL™ can become contaminated by
inadvertently topping-off with conventional coolant,
adding conventional coolant to the system or even
if fill/drain containers are shared between coolants.
If contamination occurs, the cooling system must be
immediately drained and flushed, and refilled with DEXCOOL™. No short-term damage will occur, however,
the service interval will be reduced from 5 years to 2
years.
The fresh-water cooling side of the cooling system
must be filled with a 50/50 mixture of DEX-COOL™
(or equivalent, which meets GM6277M) extended life
antifreeze and water solution.
ANTIFREEZE
SOLUTION
FULL
ADD
IMPORTANT: More than 50% antifreeze solution can
contribute to an overheating condition.
IMPORTANT: If the engine is being placed in winter
storage, the fresh-water cooling section must be filled
with a correct type of coolant and water solution, properly
mixed, to protect the engine to the lowest temperature to
which it will be exposed.
1. Make sure that all drain plugs are properly
installed.
2. Remove the pressure cap. Fill the system
with antifreeze solution until the system is filled.
See ENGINE FLUID CAPACITIES for system
capacities.
L510010-04
36
Figure 11-11 Filling F.W.C. System (8.1L)
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
ANTIFREEZE
SOLUTION
Figure 11-12 Filling F.W.C. System (6.0L)
CLEANING SEA-WATER SECTION OF HEAT
EXCHANGER - FRESH-WATER COOLED
MODELS ONLY
HEAT
EXCHANGER
The sea-water section of the heat exchanger should
be cleaned whenever there is a noticeable decrease in
cooling efficiency. You may use the following procedure
for cleaning, or, if the build-up of scale and mineral
deposits is heavy, it is recommended that the heat
exchanger be removed and taken to a repair facility to be
boiled out (such as a radiator repair facility).
PLATE
COOLANT
DRAIN PLUG
1. Remove the bolts securing the heat exchanger
end plates. Remove the end plates and gaskets.
2. Clean the water passages in the heat exchanger
by inserting a suitable-size wire brush into each
passage. Use compressed air to blow out loose
particles.
3. Clean the gasket surfaces on the end plates and
the heat exchanger. Apply PerfectSeal to both
sides of the new gaskets. Install the end plates
and the new gaskets onto the heat exchanger.
Install the bolts and tighten securely.
BOLT
RAW WATER
DRAIN PLUG
GASKET
Figure 11-13 Heat Exchanger and End Plate Removal
(Typical)
4. Start the engine and inspect for leaks.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FUEL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Fuel Control Cell (FCC) Fuel System
WARNING
Extreme caution must be exercised when servicing
the fuel system and/or replacing fuel filter. Gasoline
is extremely flammable and highly explosive under
certain conditions. Be sure the ignition key is off and
do not smoke or allow open flame in the area while
servicing. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
WARNING
Extreme caution must be exercised when servicing
the fuel system. The fuel system operates under high
pressure. Use caution when removing or replacing
components, as residual pressure may be present.
WARNING
Make sure that there are no fuel leaks before closing
the engine hatch.
WARNING
Visually inspect unit for fuel leaks before operating
the engine. If fuel leaks are present, DO NOT
operate the engine, contact your service center
immediately.
The Fuel Control Cell (FCC) eliminates vapor lock and
air ingestion caused by fuel tank slosh, and provides the
necessary filtration and water separation.
The FCC system incorporates two (2) fuel pumps to
provide an uninterrupted flow of fuel to your PCM marine
engine. Fuel is fed into the FCC bowl by a low-pressure,
high-volume electric fuel pump. This pump flows fuel at
a volume much greater than the fuel flow rate required of
the high-pressure pump and engine demands. The highpressure pump, mounted inside the FCC bowl, provides
the necessary fuel pressure and volume to maintain
proper engine performance. The FCC constantly has
an ample supply of fuel to meet the idle, cruise and
acceleration fuel requirements of the engine.
The fuel pressure regulator, located on the fuel rail,
controls the fuel pressure, and maintains a constant
pressure across the fuel delivery system. Excess fuel,
not used by the engine, returns to the FCC bowl. The
6.0L fuel pressure regulator is located inside the FCC
bowl.
The fuel delivered to the engine by the FCC is filtered by
a filter and water separator element, which surrounds the
high pressure pump inside the FCC bowl.
As indicated above, fuel enters the FCC bowl from
two (2) locations, the low-pressure pump (initial input)
and the fuel pressure regulator (unused, recirculating
fuel). Fuel exits the FCC bowl at two (2) locations, the
high-pressure output to the fuel injection system and all
excess fuel in the FCC bowl is routed back to the tank
via the return line.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FUEL
SUPPLY
LINE
FUEL
RETURN
LINE
5.0/5.7/8.1L
ONLY
TO
FUEL
TANK
FUEL
CONTROL
CELL
LOW-PRESSURE
FUEL PUMP
Figure 11-14 Fuel Control Cell (FCC) Fuel System (Typical)
Servicing the FCC
The frequency of draining the water or replacing the filter
element is determined by the contamination level of the
fuel. Replace the filter element at least once a year, or
when a loss of power is noticed (whichever occurs first).
WARNING
Improper use, installation or servicing may cause an
explosion or fire resulting in bodily injury, or death.
This unit should only be serviced by a qualified
technician. Read and follow all instructions before
proceeding. Run the engine and check for fuel leaks
after installation, element replacement or draining
the bowl. DO NOT remove the FCC bowl unless
servicing the filter element, otherwise contamination
or bowl O-ring swelling may result.
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
Primary Fuel Filter
WARNING
Extreme caution must be exercised when servicing
the fuel system. The fuel system operates under high
pressure. Use caution when removing or replacing
components, as residual pressure may be present.
FUEL
PRESSURE
REGULATOR
Draining the FCC Bowl, ENGINE OFF
1. Disconnect the two-wire electrical connector.
2. Hold the 3/4” jam nut, located at the bottom
of the FCC bowl, with a wrench. Remove the
7/16” plug, and drain the bowl contents into an
approved container.
FUEL
PUMP
CAUTION: Both fuel and water will drain from the
FCC bowl.
"O"- RING
3. Apply pipe sealant, suitable for use with gasoline,
to the threads of the 7/16” plug.
FUEL
FILTER
4. Tighten the 7/16” plug while holding the 3/4” jam
nut with a wrench.
5. Reconnect the two-wire electrical connector.
6. Cycle the ignition key several times to run the
electric fuel pumps and fill the FCC bowl with
fuel. Inspect the drain plug area for leaks.
Correct any leaks prior to operating the engine.
FUEL
BOWL
7. Start the engine and inspect for fuel leaks.
Correct any leaks prior to operating the engine
any further.
Filter Element Replacement, ENGINE OFF
1. Disconnect the two-wire electrical connector.
2. Hold the 3/4” jam nut, located at the bottom
of the FCC bowl, with a wrench. Remove the
7/16” plug, and drain the bowl contents into an
approved container.
FUEL
DRAIN
CAUTION: Both fuel and water will drain from the
FCC bowl.
Figure 11-15 Fuel Control Cell (FCC) (6.0L)
3. Using a strap-type oil filter wrench, remove the
FCC bowl by turning it counterclockwise as view
from the bottom.
4. Slide the bowl downward over the suspended
filter element. It may be necessary to pull the unit
to one side in order to remove the FCC bowl.
7. Using a pick made of soft material, such as a
toothpick, remove the old O-ring from the inside
of the FCC bowl mounting head.
CAUTION: The mounting head O-ring groove may
be damaged by using sharp steel tools to remove
this O-ring.
5. Remove the fuel filter element from the
suspended pump by gripping the fuel pump
with one hand, and pulling the filter element
downward with the other hand.
6. Push on new filter element (part number
RP080026) over the electric fuel pump.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
8. Lubricate the new O-ring with a light grease and
install the new O-ring into the FCC bowl mounting
head.
9. Apply pipe sealant, suitable for use with gasoline,
to the threads of the 7/16” plug.
10. Install and tighten the 7/16” plug while holding the
3/4” jam nut with a wrench.
11. Grease taper and the threads on the FCC bowl
and, by hand, thread the FCC bowl into the FCC
mounting head. Tighten the bowl firmly back into
the mounting head with an oil filter wrench.
FUEL
PUMP
12. Reconnect the two-wire electrical connector.
13. Cycle the ignition key several times to run the
electric fuel pumps and fill the FCC bowl with
fuel. Inspect the drain plug area for leaks.
Correct any leaks prior to operating the engine.
"O"- RING
FUEL
FILTER
14. Start the engine and inspect for fuel leaks.
Correct any leaks prior to operating the engine
any further.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO SERVICE ANY OTHER PARTS
ON THIS UNIT.
FUEL
BOWL
FUEL
DRAIN
Figure 11-15A Fuel Control Cell (FCC) (Typical)
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FLAME
ARRESTOR
FASTENERS
WARNING
FLAME
ARRESTOR
Make sure there are no fuel leaks before closing the
engine hatch.
Priming Fuel System
To prime the fuel system, cycle the ignition key 3 times
using the following procedures:
1. Turn ignition key to ON position for 5 seconds.
2. Turn ignition key OFF.
3. Pause for 10 seconds.
THROTTLE
BODY
4. Repeat steps 1-3 three times.
Figure 11-16 Flame Arrestor - 5.7L (Typical)
Crank the engine until it starts or 30 seconds elapse. If
the engine does not start, repeat the priming procedures.
CLAMP
(NOT SHOWN)
FLAME ARRESTOR
FLAME
ARRESTOR
At specified intervals, the flame arrestor should be
checked for blockage caused by dirt or other foreign
material.
Loosen the clamp securing the flame arrestor to the
air intake tube or throttle body. Remove the flame
arrestor. Clean the flame arrestor with solvent and dry
with compressed air. Reinstall the flame arrestor and
tighten the clamp(s) securely.
THROTTLE
BODY
Figure 11-17 Flame Arrestor - 8.1L (Typical)
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
DRIVE BELT INSPECTION
CAUTION
Inspect the drive belt for excessive wear, shredding or
missing sections.
Inspect the drive belt for contamination from excessive
dirt, oil, coolant or other substances that may effect the
drive belt operation.
If a problem is found, replace the belt after inspecting the
following items:
•
All pulleys and tensioners for signs of
misalignment
•
All pulleys and tensioners for signs of rust or
other damage
•
The replacement of the drive belt requires the
removal of the inlet hose from the sea-water pump.
With the hose removed, it is possible for water to
enter the bilge of the boat, and possibly sink it.
ALWAYS plug the inlet hose securely to prevent this
possibility from occurring.
DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT (8.1L)
1. Remove the inlet and outlet hoses from the seawater pump, being careful not to allow the hose
clamps to fall into the bilge.
2. Remove the bolt and washers that attach the
sea-water pump to the bracket, being careful not
to allow the bolt and washers to fall into the bilge.
Bent pulleys or tight bearings in the engine water
circulation pump, sea-water pump and alternator
3. Loosen the bolts that attach the bracket to the
engine block until a gap, large enough to pass
the belt through, is created.
8.1L ACCESSORY DRIVE BELT
The PCM 8.1L engine uses a single serpentine belt
to drive the engine water circulation pump and the
alternator. The sea-water pump is mounted onto the
crankshaft pulley and is driven directly by the crankshaft.
4. Note the routing of the belt before removing.
ALTERNATOR
PULLEY
CIRCULATION
PUMP AND
ALTERNATOR
DRIVE BELT
BELT
TENSIONER
CIRCULATION
PUMP PULLEY
CRANKSHAFT
PULLEY
Figure 11-18 8.1L Accessory Drive Belt Configuration
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
7. Compress the belt tensioner, and slide the belt
over the tensioner pulley. Release the tension
slowly to tension the belt.
8. Position the bracket onto the sea-water pump
anchor boss, and install the flat washer, lock
washer and bolt to the pump.
9. Tighten the bracket-to-engine block attaching
bolts to 18 lb. ft.
10. Tighten the bolt that secures the sea-water
pump to the bracket to 12 lb. ft.
11. Install the inlet and outlet hoses to the sea-water
pump. Position the hoses and clamps so that
the clamps are clamping on the pump side of
the fitting bead. Tighten the clamps securely.
Figure 11-19 Belt Tensioner (8.1L)
5. Using a 15 mm box wrench or socket, turn the
belt tensioner to relieve the tension on the belt.
Slide the belt off of the pulleys and through
the gap between the sea-water pump and the
bracket. Release the tensioner slowly to
prevent the tensioner from snapping against
its stop, and possibly causing damage to the
tensioner.
6. Slide the new belt through the gap between the
sea-water pump and the bracket. Slide the belt
onto the pulleys using the same routing as noted
prior to removal.
L510010-04
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ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
6.0L ACCESSORY DRIVE BELT
The PCM 6.0L engine uses a single serpentine belt to
drive the engine water circulation pump, sea-water pump
and the alternator.
DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT (6.0L)
1. Note the routing of the belt before removing.
2. Using a 15 mm box wrench or socket, turn
the belt tensioner to relieve the tension on the
belt. Slide the belt off of the pulleys. Release
the tensioner slowly to prevent the tensioner
from snapping against its stop, and possibly
causing damage to the tensioner.
Figure 11-21 Belt Tensioner (6.0L)
3. Slide the new belt onto the pulleys using the
same routing as noted prior to removal.
Alternator
Belt
Tensioner
4. Compress the belt tensioner, and slide the belt
over the tensioner pulley. Release the tension
slowly to tension the belt.
Idler
Circulation
Pump
SERVICING RAW WATER PUMP IMPELLER
(6.0L)
Raw Water
Pump
The raw water pump impeller should be serviced every
50 hours, or once a year, whichever occurs first. See
Maintenance Schedule.
Crankshaft
Pulley
Locations “A” (Figure 11-20) are access holes in order
to loosen the raw water pump attaching bolts. The bolts
are secured in the pump by O-rings, and will not fall out
during removal.
A
Figure 11-20 6.0L Accessory Drive Belt Configuration
L510010-04
45
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
WARNING
Engine must be shut OFF and the ignition key
removed before inspecting the drive belt(s). The
drive belt(s) should be checked periodically for
condition and tension. If the belt(s) shows signs of
cracking, glazing or deterioration, replace with new
belt(s).
5.0/5.7L ACCESSORY DRIVE BELT
The PCM 6.0L engine uses a single serpentine belt to
drive the engine water circulation pump, sea-water pump
and the alternator.
DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT (5.0/5.7L)
1. Note the routing of the belt before removing.
2. Using a 15 mm box wrench or socket, turn
the belt tensioner to relieve the tension on the
belt. Slide the belt off of the pulleys. Release
the tensioner slowly to prevent the tensioner
from snapping against its stop, and possibly
causing damage to the tensioner.
Figure 11-23 Belt Tensioner (5.0/5.7L)
3. Slide the new belt onto the pulleys using the
same routing as noted prior to removal.
Belt
Tensioner
A
Circulation
Pump
4. Compress the belt tensioner, and slide the belt
over the tensioner pulley. Release the tension
slowly to tension the belt.
Raw Water
Pump
SERVICING RAW WATER PUMP IMPELLER
(5.0/5.7L)
Alternator
Crankshaft
Pulley
The raw water pump impeller should be serviced every
50 hours, or once a year, whichever occurs first. See
Maintenance Schedule.
Locations “A” (Figure 11-22) are access holes in order
to loosen the raw water pump attaching bolts. The bolts
are secured in the pump by O-rings, and will not fall out
during removal.
Figure 11-22 5.0/5.7L Accessory Drive Belt
Configuration
L510010-04
46
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
CHANGING OILS
OIL PUMP
WARNING
IMPORTANT: The Federal Water Pollution Control
Act prohibits the discharge of oil or oily waste into
or upon the navigable waters and continuous zone
of the United States, if such discharge causes a
film or sheen upon, or discoloration of the surface
of the water, or causes sludge or emulsion beneath
the surface of the water. Violators are subject to a
penalty of $5,000.00.
DIPSTICK
Refer to the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE for oil change
intervals. The engine and transmission oils should be
changed prior to placing the boat into storage.
The transmission oil change should be performed by an
authorized dealer, at specified intervals.
IMPORTANT: Change the engine oil when the engine
is warm from operation. Warm oil flows more freely,
and allows more foreign material and impurities to be
removed.
The engine oil filter is remote mounted. The engine
block location, where the filter is normally mounted, is
covered with an oil filter bypass adapter. DO NOT
remove this adapter when changing the oil.
CONTAINER
Figure 11-24 Engine Oil Removal
3. Coat the sealing ring, on the new filter, with a
light coating of clean engine oil. Install the oil
filter securely by hand. DO NOT overtighten.
4. Fill the engine with the recommended oil, see OIL
REQUIREMENTS, through the oil fill location on
the valve cover (Figure 11-25).
OIL FILL
CAP
1. With the engine at normal operating temperature,
remove the dipstick and install a crankcase oil
pump onto the dipstick tube (Figure 11-24).
Insert the discharge hose into a suitable
container. Pump the oil from the engine until the
crankcase is empty. Remove the oil pump from
the dipstick tube.
2. Remove the oil filter by turning it
counterclockwise, using an oil filter wrench if
necessary. Discard the old filter and sealing ring.
Figure 11-25 Engine Oil Fill (8.1L)
5. Start the engine and operate for 5 minutes to
circulate the oil throughout the engine. Check
entire system for leaks, especially around the oil
filter.
6. Stop the engine and wait 5 minutes to allow the
oil to completely drain down. Check the oil level
and add oil, if needed, to bring the engine oil to
the proper level.
L510010-04
47
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
ENGINE ALIGNMENT
CAUTION
Engine must be properly aligned, or vibration, noise
and damage to the transmission output shaft oil seal
and bearings may result.
A
IMPORTANT: Engine alignment MUST BE
RECHECKED with the boat in the water, fuel tanks full
and with a normal load on the boat. Engine must be
aligned so that the transmission and the propeller shaft
coupling center lines are aligned, and coupling faces
are parallel within 0.003 in. (0.07 mm). This applies
to installations with solid couplings, as well as flexible
couplings.
B
B
A
1. Check the mating surfaces on the transmission
and the propeller shaft couplings. Make sure
they are clean and flat (Figure 11-26).
Figure 11-27 Centering Prop Shaft
3. Check that the coupling center lines align
by butting the propeller shaft coupling against
the transmission coupling (Figure 11-28). The
shoulder on the propeller shaft coupling face
should engage the recess on the transmission
coupling face, with no resistance.
OFFSET
MISALIGNMENT
ANGULAR
MISALIGNMENT
Figure 11-26 Shaft Mating Surface Check
2. Center the propeller shaft in the shaft log as
follows: (Figure 11-27)
•
•
•
PERFECT ALIGNMENT
COUPLING FACES ARE PARALLEL
WITH DISTANCE BETWEEN FACES
EXACTLY THE SAME AT ALL POINTS
Push down and then lift the propeller shaft as
far as it will move, then place the shaft in the
middle of the movement.
Move the shaft to the port and then to the
starboard as far as the shaft will move,
then place the shaft in the middle of the
movement.
With the propeller shaft in the middle of the
shaft log, align the engine to the shaft.
Figure 11-28 Shaft Mating Surface Check
IMPORTANT: Offset misalignment conditions must be
corrected prior to checking for angular misalignment.
NOTICE: Some propeller shaft couplings may not have
a shoulder on the mating surface. On these installations,
use a straight edge to check the centerline alignment
(Figure 11-29).
L510010-04
48
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
.003 INCH
(0.07 mm)
FEELER GAUGE
•
TRANSMISSION
OUTPUT FLANGE
PROPELLER
SHAFT
COUPLING
FLANGE
LEFT or RIGHT ADJUSTMENT: Loosen the
trunnion clamping bolt and the nut on all
four mounting brackets. Move the engine
to the left or right, as necessary, to obtain
the proper alignment. After adjustment is
complete, tighten all bolts.
LOCKING
NUT
STRAIGHT
EDGE
Figure 11-29 Angular Alignment
OFFSET ALIGNMENT:
4. If the coupler center lines are not aligned, adjust
the mounts as follows:
• UP or DOWN OFFSET ADJUSTMENT:
Loosen the locking nut. Turn the adjusting
nut or the adjusting bolt in the direction
required to raise or lower the engine. After
the adjustment is complete, tighten the
locking nut.
IMPORTANT: Both the front mounts (or rear mounts)
must be turned equally in order to keep the engine level
from side to side.
Figure 11-31 Mount Adjustment
IMPORTANT: The large diameter of the mount trunnion
MUST NOT extend over 1.0 in. (25.4 mm) from the
mounting brackets on any of the mounts.
1.0
(25
TRUNNION
BOLT
LOCKING
NUT
ADJUSTING
NUT
Figure 11-30 Mount Adjustment
Figure 11-32 Engine Extension
L510010-04
49
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
.003 INCH
(0.07 mm)
FEELER GAUGE
Angular Misalignment
Front Mount Adjusted
A
Both
B
Trunnion
LC
R
RC
L
TRANSMISSION
OUTPUT FLANGE
PROPELLER
SHAFT
COUPLING
FLANGE
•
STRAIGHT
EDGE
Figure 11-33 Angular Alignment
5. Check for any angular misalignment. Hold
coupling faces tightly together by hand and check
for a gap between the coupling faces, with a
0.003 in. (0.07 mm) feeler gauge, at 90-degree
intervals. (Figure 11-34).
IMPORTANT: If a “pinch” occurs in the “A” quadrant
(Figure 11-34), correcting the condition will require an
equal adjustment on the front mounts. If a “pinch” occurs
in the “C” quadrant, an adjustment will be made on the
opposing front mount. If a “pinch” occurs in the “B”
quadrant, a trunnion adjustment is required.
•
A
LC
To adjust a corner of the engine up or down,
loosen the locking nut. Turn the adjusting nut
or the adjusting bolt in the direction required
to raise or lower the engine. After the
adjustment is complete, tighten the locking
nut.
RC
To move the engine left or right, loosen the
trunnion clamping bolt and the nut on all
four mounting brackets. Move the engine
to the left or right, as necessary, to obtain
the proper alignment. After adjustment is
complete, tighten all bolts.
6. After the engine has been properly aligned,
secure the engine mounts.
B
B
7. Connect the propeller shaft coupling to the
transmission coupling. Tighten the coupling
attaching bolts and nuts to the correct
specifications.
RC
LC
FASTENER TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Location
Lb-Ft (N.m)
Engine Mount to Stringer
Securely
Propeller
50 (68)
Trunnion Bolts
45 (61)
A
Figure 11-34 Angular Alignment Check
IMPORTANT: Angular misalignment conditions may
require adjustment of one front mount, both front
mounts, the trunnions, or any combination. Figure 11-34
(Angular Alignment Check) and the following table are to
assist in the alignment process.
L510010-04
50
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
ENGINE MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Operating
Hours
Maintenance/Repair
L510010-04
51
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Location and Service
Check
Daily
Check coolant level - Fresh-water cooled
models only
X
Check oil level - Engine crankcase
X
Check oil level - Transmission
X
Engine Assembly (complete - Check for
obvious leaks (water, oil, fuel and exhaust)
X
Remote Control and Steering System Check for proper operation
X
Sea Strainer - Check (if equipped)
X
Cooling System - Check condition and
tightness of all hose clamps
After 1st
25 Hrs of
Operation
Every 50
Hours of
Operation
X1
X
Cooling System - Replace raw water
pump impeller
Every 100
Hours of
Operation
X
Once
Each Year
X
X
Drive Belt - Inspect condition and check
tension
X
X
X
Exhaust System - Check condition and
tightness of all hose clamps
X
X1
X
Ignition System and Spark Plugs - Clean
and inspect condition
O
O
O
Engine Assembly (complete) - Check for
loose, missing or damaged parts
(especially engine mounts, starter and
alternator mounting fasteners)
X
X
X
Change engine oil and filter
X
Engine Alignment - Check and adjust if
necessary
O
Exhaust System - Check for water leaks at
the manifold, riser and elbow gaskets
X
X
X
O
Ignition Timing - Not Adjustable
Battery - Check electrolyte level and
specific gravity. Inspect case for damage.
Check cables and connections.
X
Electrical System (complete) - Check for
loose or dirty connections and damaged
wiring
Flame Arrestor and Crankcase Ventilation
System - Clean and inspect
X
X2
X
X
L510010-04
52
X
X
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE (cont’d)
Every 100
Hours of
Operation
Once
Each Year
Hoses (all) - Inspect for cracks, swelling,
weather checking or other signs of
deterioration
X
X
Shift and Throttle Cable Linkage - Inspect
and lubricate (A)
X1
X
O
O
Location and Service
After 1st
25 Hrs of
Operation
Check
Daily
Fuel Filters - Service or replace
O
Transmission and “V” Drive - Change
fluid (B,C) and clean strainer, if equipped
O
Every 50
Hours of
Operation
O
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE (cont’d)
As required 3 (X)
Fresh-water cooled models - Clean sea-water section
Fresh-water cooled models - Check coolant for alkalinity
At least once each year (X)
Fresh-water cooled models - Change coolant
Every five years
Zinc Anodes - Heat exchanger and cooler - check condition
Engine Assembly Exterior Surfaces - spray with rustpreventative oil (D)
Every 30 days 3 (X)
Fresh water areas - Every 60 days (X)
Salt water areas - Every 30 days (X)
Cooling System (SALT WATER AREAS ONLY) - Flush
sea-water section
After use each day (X)
1
In fresh-water areas, every 100 hours of operation or
120 days (whichever occurs first). In salt-water areas,
every 50 hours of operation or 60 days (whichever
occurs first).
2
In fresh-water areas, every 50 hours of operation or
60 days (whichever occurs first). In salt-water areas,
every 25 hours of operation or 30 days (whichever
occurs first).
(B) All Velvet Drive and Hurth transmissions - Use
Dexron III automatic transmission fluid
3
Requires more frequent inspection if used in extremely
salty, polluted or mineral-laden waters.
(C) All Velvet “V” Drive transmissions - Use Dexron III
automatic transmission fluid
4
See COOLANT SPECIFICATIONS.
Notes:
(X) Denotes service to be performed by the owner/
operator
(O) Denotes service to be performed by an authorized
PCM Engines dealer
(A) Use SAE 30 engine oil
All Walters “V” Drive transmissions - Use Exxon
Spartan EP-68 or SAE 30 engine oil
(D) Use WD-40 penetration oil or equivalent
L510010-04
53
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
VISUAL INSPECTION
It is important for the owner/operator to visually inspect
the complete engine assembly at regular intervals. Most
often, costly repairs can be avoided if potential problems
are corrected before there is a failure.
Touch up scratches, nicks and corrosion damage to
the exterior finish of the engine. Spray paint may be
obtained from your local PCM Engines dealer.
Protect engine finish from corrosion by periodically
spraying the engine exterior finish with a rust
preventative oil (such as WD-40).
Inspect the complete engine assembly for obvious fuel,
oil, water or exhaust leaks. Check for loose, damaged
or missing parts. Check all hose clamps for adequate
tightness. Check the electrical system for loose or dirty
connections or damaged wiring.
ENGINE FLUID CAPACITIES
Model
MP 5.0L / 5.7L
MP 6.0L
MP 8.1L
4 Quarts (3.8 L)1
5 Quarts (4.75 L)1
7 Quarts (6.65 L)1
18 Quarts (17.03 L)
18 Quarts (17.01 L)
33 Quarts (31.35 L)
Crankcase Oil Capacity
W / New Filter
Fresh Water Cooling
System Capacity
TRANSMISSION FLUID CAPACITIES
Model
All Models
Type
PCM, 1:1 Ratio 1,2
2.0 Quarts (1.9 L)
DEXRON III
PCM, 1.23:1 Ratio 1,2
2.0 Quarts (1.9 L)
DEXRON III
Hurth (Exc. V-Drive), All Ratios 1,2
4.0 Quarts (3.79 L)
DEXRON III
4.5 - 5.0 Quarts (4.26 - 4.73 L)
DEXRON III
1.5 Quarts (1.42 L)
SAE 30
Hurth V-Drive, All Ratios 1,2
Walters RV-36D V-Drive
1 - Capacities are dependent on installation angle. Oil capacities are approximate, and may
not include capacity needed for transmission cooler and oil lines. Always use the dipstick
to determine the exact quantity of oil required.
2 - Check the transmission fluid level at operating temperature and immediately after shutdown of the engine.
L510010-04
54
ENGINE MAINTENANCE - 11
FILTER REQUIREMENTS
Description
Part No.
Oil Filter (remote-mounted)
R077001
Fuel Control Cell (FCC) Fuel Filter Element
RP080026
L510010-04
55
56
L510010-04
Battery Rating
650 CCA (Minimum)
120 Ah
43-47 degrees
CAM Retard
70 Amps
Alternator Rating
Not Adjustable
12 Volt Negative (-)
Ground
Electrical System
Ignition Timing
193° F (89.8° C)
RWC 160˚F (61.7˚C)
FWC 170˚F (76.7˚C)
Thermostat
Over- Temperature
1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2 (LH)
1-2-7-5-6-3-4-8 (RH)
R030010
0.060 in.
Firing Order
Spark Plug P/N
Spark Plug Gap
10 psi (69 kPa)
at Idle
650 (Not Adjustable)
Idle RPM (In Gear)
Minimum Oil Pressure
3800
Cruising RPM (Max)
25 - 60 psi
(172 - 414 kPa)
4600-5000
4800
WOT Operating RPM
Preferred WOT RPM
Oil Pressure @
2000 RPM
130 - 215 psi
Compression Pressure
9.4:1
3.48 in. (88.3 mm)
Stroke
Compression Ratio
3.75 in. (95.0 mm)
5.0L (305 CID)
Displacement
Bore
MP 5.0L
(275 HP)
MODEL
(Horsepower)
650 CCA (Minimum)
120 Ah
43-47 degrees
Not Adjustable
70 / 100 Amps
12 Volt Negative (-)
Ground
193° F (89.8° C)
RWC 160˚F (61.7˚C)
FWC 170˚F (76.7˚C)
1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2 (LH)
1-2-7-5-6-3-4-8 (RH)
R030010
0.060 in.
10 psi (69 kPa)
at Idle
25 - 60 psi
(172 - 414 kPa)
650 (Not Adjustable)
4000
4800 - 5200
5000
130 - 215 psi
9.4:1
3.48 in. (88.3 mm)
4.0 in. (101.6 mm)
5.7L (350 CID)
MP 5.7L
(330 HP)
650 CCA (Minimum)
120 Ah
Not Adjustable
Not Adjustable
70 / 100 Amps
12 Volt Negative (-)
Ground
220° F (104.8° C)
RWC 160˚F (61.7˚C)
FWC 170˚F (76.7˚C)
1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3 (LH)
NA
R030009
0.060 in.
10 psi (69 kPa)
at Idle
25 - 60 psi
(172 - 414 kPa)
650 (Not Adjustable)
3800
4400 - 4800
4600
130 - 175 psi
9.1:1
4.370 in. (111.0 mm)
4.25 in. (107.95 mm)
8.1L (496 CID)
MP 8.1L (STD)
(385 HP)
PCM MASTER ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
650 CCA (Minimum)
120 Ah
Not Adjustable
Not Adjustable
70 / 100 Amps
12 Volt Negative (-)
Ground
208° F (98° C)
RWC 160˚F (61.7˚C)
FWC 170˚F (76.7˚C)
1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3 (LH)
NA
R030009
0.060 in.
10 psi (69 kPa)
at Idle
25 - 60 psi
(172 - 414 kPa)
650 (Not Adjustable)
4000
4800 - 5200
5000
130 - 175 psi
9.1:1
4.370 in. (111.0 mm)
4.25 in. (107.95 mm)
8.1L (496 CID)
MP 8.1L (HO)
(425 HP)
650 CCA (Minimum)
120 Ah
Not Adjustable
Not Adjustable
70 Amps
12 Volt Negative (-)
Ground
220° F (104.8° C)
NA
FWC 160˚F (61.7˚C)
1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3 (LH)
NA
R030011
0.060 in.
10 psi (69 kPa)
at Idle
25 - 80 psi
(172 - 552 kPa)
650 (Not Adjustable)
4000
4800 - 5300
5200
130 - 215 psi
9.4:1
3.622 in. (92.0 mm)
4.0007 in. (101.618 mm)
6.0L (364 CID)
MP 6.0L
(375 HP)
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS - 12
44-48 psi @ WOT
MY ‘03 Only
57-60 psi @ WOT
MP 6.0L
(375 HP)
4 - 7 psi
(WOT)
4 - 7 psi
(WOT)
4 - 7 psi
(WOT)
IMPORTANT: FUEL PRESSURE MEASUREMENT MUST BE MADE WITH THE ENGINE UNDER LOAD.
4 - 7 psi
(WOT)
4 - 7 psi
(WOT)
44-48 psi @ WOT
MP 8.1L (HO)
(425 HP)
Fuel Pressure - LPFP
ALL ENGINES
57-62 psi @ WOT
MP 8.1L (STD)
(385 HP)
MY ‘04
59-61 psi
(WOT)
57-62 psi @ WOT
Fuel Pressure
STD. FCC
MP 5.7L
(330 HP)
PCM MASTER FUEL PRESSURE SPECIFICATIONS
Fuel Pressure - FCC
Returnless to Rail
MP 5.0L
(275 HP)
MODEL
(Horsepower)
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS - 12
L510010-04
57
ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS - 12
5.0 / 5.7 Liter
LH ROTATION
6.0 / 8.1 Liter
LH ROTATION
FRONT
FRONT
2
1
2
3
4
3
4
5
6
5
6
7
8
7
8
8
1
2
NO
DISTRIBUTOR
4
1
6
7
c
3
5
Rotation
FLYWHEEL END OF ENGINE
ALL V-8 MODELS
FIRING ORDER:
1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2
FIRING ORDER:
1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3
Figure 12-1 V-8 Firing Orders
TUNE-UP SPECIFICATIONS
MP 5.0L (275 HP)
MP 5.7L (330 HP)
MP 6.0L (375 HP)
MP 8.1L(STD) (385 HP)
MP 8.1L (HO) (425 HP)
Spark Plug Type
R030010
R030011
R030009
Spark Plug Gap
0.060 in.
(1.52 mm)
0.060 in.
(1.52 mm)
0.060 in.
(1.52 mm)
Ignition Timing
Fixed,
Not Adjustable
Fixed,
Not Adjustable
Fixed,
Not Adjustable
Firing Order
1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2
(LH Rotation)
1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3
(LH Rotation)
1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3
(LH Rotation)
CAM Retard
43-47 degrees
Not Adjustable
Not Adjustable
Model
L510010-04
58
OUT-OF-SEASON STORAGE - 13
5. Turn off the ignition and remove the spark plugs.
Use an aerosol-type fogging solution and spray
a sufficient amount into each cylinder. (Spray
5 seconds per cylinder, minimum.) Turn the
crankshaft several revolutions by hand to spread
the oil evenly throughout the cylinders.
ENGINE STORAGE
IMPORTANT: These services should be performed
by an Authorized PCM Dealer.
CAUTION
NOTE: If you are using a bulk type preservative oil,
pour approximately one (1) teaspoon full of oil into each
cylinder, through the spark plug hole, then turn the
crankshaft several revolutions by hand to spread the oil
evenly throughout the cylinders.
Refer to FLUSHING COOLING SYSTEM before
proceeding.
1. Fill the fuel tanks with gasoline (that does not
contain alcohol) and add a sufficient amount
of gasoline stabilizer, such as STA-BIL™ fuel
stabilizer, to prevent the formation of fuel gum
and varnish. Follow the instructions on the
container.
6. Install the spark plugs and connect the spark plug
wires.
IMPORTANT: If the boat is to be placed into storage
with fuel containing alcohol in the fuel tanks, the engine
fuel system must be run dry at idle RPM. Fuel tanks
should be drained completely and fuel conditioner, such
as STA-BIL™, added to any fuel remaining in the tanks.
NOTE: It will be necessary to remove the spark plugs
and spin the engine to eliminate excess oil prior to
restarting after the storage period.
7. Remove and clean the flame arrestor and
the vent hoses, and reinstall on the engine.
Cover the throttle body assembly ,to prevent
the possibility of the water entering the engine
through the throttle body assembly, during
storage.
WARNING
Operate the bilge blower and be sure no fuel vapors
are present when treating the engine. Be sure the
engine compartment is well-ventilated to prevent a
potential fire hazard.
8. Close the fuel shut-off valve (if equipped).
WARNING
2. Run the engine and allow it to reach normal
operating temperature. Shut down the engine
and change the oil and oil filter (See ENGINE
MAINTENANCE).
On fuel injected engines, you MUST bleed off fuel
pressure before proceeding. Failure to do so may
cause personal injury.
3. Flush the cooling system if operating in salt
water or brackish water areas. (See ENGINE
MAINTENANCE).
9. Remove, empty and clean the fuel filter shell.
Reinstall with a new fuel filter and gasket. Refer
to Engine Maintenance for filter replacement
procedures.
WARNING
Operate the bilge blower and be sure no fuel vapors
are present when treating the engine. Be sure the
engine compartment is well-ventilated to prevent a
potential fire hazard.
NOTE: DO NOT re-use old fuel filter components.
Always replace with new fuel filter and gasket.
4. Restart the engine and allow it to idle for 5
minutes.
L510010-04
59
OUT-OF-SEASON STORAGE - 13
DRAINING INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
If the boat is to remain in the water during or after
draining, close the seacock to prevent a siphoning
action that may occur, allowing sea water to flow from
drain holes or removed hoses.
LARGE
HOSE
IMPORTANT: When removing the drain plugs, insert a
wire into the hole to remove any obstruction which would
prevent water from draining completely.
DRAIN
LOCATION
RAW-WATER COOLED MODELS
1. Remove all the drain plugs from the following
locations:
Figure 13-1 Draining Engine Circulating Pump (5.0/5.7L)
•
Cylinder Block - one on each side (5.0/5.7L
engines, remove the knock sensor on the
port side). When installing the knock sensor,
torque to 20 N.m (15 lb ft).
•
Exhaust Manifolds - remove hoses and/or
drain plugs, one on each side.
•
Transmission and Engine Cooler - one drain
plug.
2. Remove the hose from the inlet side of the seawater pump.
Remove large HOSE, or DRAIN PLUG (if equipped)
Figure 13-2 Draining Engine Circulating Pump (5.0/5.7L)
3. Remove the large hose from the engine
circulating pump, or drain plug (if equipped).
6. Loosen the engine alternator and raw water
pump drive belt(s).
NOTICE: It may be necessary to bend or lift the hoses
to allow water to drain completely.
4. Remove the raw water pump impeller. (See
ENGINE MAINTENANCE) If inspection proves
the impeller to be in good condition, store it in
an accessible spot for re-installation at the end
of the storage period. A damaged or badly worn
impeller should be discarded and a new one
installed at the end of the storage period.
NOTICE: For additional protection against freezing and
corrosion, you may wish to fill the engine with antifreeze.
If ethylene glycol based antifreeze is used, check with
local environmental agencies about the proper disposal
of antifreeze. It may be necessary to drain the system
prior to re-commissioning the boat.
NOTE: Removal of the impeller during storage will
prevent the impeller vanes from drying and taking a
permanent “set”.
5. After the water has completely drained, coat the
threads of the drain plugs with PerfectSeal (or
equivalent), and reinstall in the proper locations.
Reinstall all the hoses and tighten the clamps
securely.
L510010-04
60
7. Remove the hoses which connect to the exhaust
manifolds from the thermostat housing.
8. Remove the large circulating pump hose from
the thermostat housing. Pour the mixture of
antifreeze and water, properly mixed to protect
the engine to the lowest temperatures that it
will be exposed to, into the circulating pump
hose and fill the engine block. Pour additional
antifreeze solution into the hoses connected to
the exhaust manifolds.
OUT-OF-SEASON STORAGE - 13
4. Remove the raw water pump impeller. (See
ENGINE MAINTENANCE) If inspection proves
the impeller to be in good condition, store it in
an accessible spot for re-installation at the end
of the storage period. A damaged or badly worn
impeller should be discarded and a new one
installed at the end of the storage period.
9. Reinstall the hoses into the thermostat housing
and tighten the hose clamps securely.
After draining is completed, perform the additional
required maintenance as outlined in the MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE under ONCE EACH YEAR.
DRAINING INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE: Removal of the impeller during storage will
prevent the impeller vanes from drying and taking a
permanent “set”.
CAUTION
If the boat is to remain in the water during or after
draining, close the seacock to prevent a siphoning
action that may occur, allowing sea water to flow from
drain holes or removed hoses.
IMPORTANT: When removing the drain plugs, insert a
wire into the hole to remove any obstruction which would
prevent water from draining completely.
5. After the water has completely drained, coat
the threads of drain plugs with PerfectSeal (or
equivalent), and reinstall in the proper locations.
Reinstall the hoses and tighten all the clamps
securely.
6. Loosen the engine alternator and raw water
pump drive belt(s).
FRESH-WATER COOLED MODELS
After draining is completed, perform the additional
required maintenance as outlined in the MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE under ONCE EACH YEAR.
IMPORTANT: The fresh-water section of the cooling
system must be kept filled year around with
recommended coolant. Make certain that the cooling
system is protected with an ethylene glycol antifreeze
mixture properly mixed to protect the engine to the
lowest temperature that it will be exposed to.
BATTERY STORAGE
See the ENGINE MAINTENANCE section for testing
alkalinity, draining and refilling procedures of the Fresh
Water Cooling System, as required.
Follow the battery manufacturer’s instructions for
storage. If not available, use the following instructions:
•
Remove the battery from the boat and clean,
removing dirt and grease from the top of the
battery.
•
Fill the battery with distilled water to the
manufacturer’s specifications.
•
Store the battery in a cool, dry place. Do not
store on a concrete surface.
•
Periodically (every 30 to 45 days), check the
water level and recharge the battery to the
manufacturer’s specifications. Do not fast
charge.
IMPORTANT: Drain the sea-water section of the cooling
system only.
1. Remove all the drain plugs from the following
locations:
•
Heat Exchanger - one on outboard side
•
Exhaust Manifolds - remove hoses and/or
drain plugs, one on each side
•
Transmission Cooler - one drain plug
2. Remove the hose from the inlet side of the seawater pump.
3. Remove the hose from the outlet side of the seawater pump.
CAUTION
A discharged battery can be damaged by freezing.
NOTICE: It may be necessary to bend or lift the hoses
to allow water to drain completely.
L510010-04
61
OUT-OF-SEASON STORAGE - 13
RECOMMISSIONING AFTER STORAGE
CAUTION
IMPORTANT: These services should be performed
by an Authorized PCM Dealer.
When recommissioning the engine after storage, the
following items should be checked:
Failure to remove the excess storage oil from the
engine’s cylinders can cause hydrostatic locking to
occur, and severe damage to the engine.
8. Before starting the engine, be sure there is
not an excess amount of storage oil left
in the cylinders. Remove the spark plugs.
Disable the fuel pumps and ignition high
voltage spark by removing the MEFI System
Relay. Using rags draped over the exhaust
manifolds or some other suitable material or
method, create a deflector or catcher for the
oil that will be sprayed from the spark plug
holes. Turn the ignition switch to the start
position and rotate the engine three (3) or four
(4) times.
1. Assemble the raw water pump and reinstall
on the engine.
2. Check all the cooling system hoses. Be sure
they are properly connected and all the hose
clamps are tight.
CAUTION
When installing the battery, make certain that you
connect the POSITIVE (+) BATTERY CABLE to the
POSITIVE (+) BATTERY TERMINAL first, and the
NEGATIVE (-) BATTERY CABLE to the NEGATIVE
(-) BATTERY TERMINAL last. If the battery cables
are reversed, the electrical system will be damaged.
9. Reinstall the MEFI System Relay.
10. Install the spark plugs and connect the spark
plug wires.
11. Open the fuel shut-off valve (if equipped).
WARNING
12. Refer to the OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
section and perform all the safety checks
before starting the engine.
Do not use jumper cables and/or a booster battery
to start the engine. Do not recharge a weak battery
in the boat. Remove the battery and recharge in a
ventilated area away from fuel vapors, sparks or open
flame.
3. Install the fully charged battery. Be sure
that all the connections are clean and free
from corrosion. Coat the battery terminal
connections with an anti-corrosion battery
terminal spray.
13. Refer to the Engine Maintenance section
and perform the Priming the Fuel System
instructions.
CAUTION
4. Readjust alternator and water pump drive belt
tension.
If the engine(s) is (are) to be started prior to
launching, use the procedure FLUSHING COOLING
SYSTEM before proceeding to start the engine(s).
14. Open the seacock before starting the engine.
5. Check engine alignment.
15. Start the engine and closely observe the
instrument panel. Allow the engine to reach
normal operating temperature. Inspect the
engine carefully for fuel, exhaust, oil and
water leaks.
6. Check engine and transmission oil levels.
7. Check engine mount fasteners.
16. Check the steering, shift and throttle controls
for proper operation.
L510010-04
62
TROUBLESHOOTING - 14
Engine performance complaints usually fall under one of the basic headings listed in the Troubleshooting Guide. When
a problem cannot be easily diagnosed, consult a PCM Engines Servicing Dealer for assistance.
Malfunction
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Engine will not crank with the
starter motor, or cranks slowly.
Problem with the engine
management system.
Contact PCM Engines
Dealer.
Battery switch turned OFF (if
equipped)
Turn the battery switch ON.
Remote control not in Neutral
position.
Position the remote control exactly
in Neutral.
Blown the ignition fuse or open
circuit breakers.
Replace the fuse - reset circuit
breakers.
Loose and/or dirty wiring
connections.
Check the battery cables and
starter circuit wiring. Clean
and tighten all connections.
Repair or replace the damaged
wiring.
Dead Battery
Recharge, test and replace as
necessary.
Engine Cranks - will not
start or is hard starting.
Improper starting procedure.
Refer to “STARTING
ENGINE” in the OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS section.
NOTICE: Battery voltage
must be AT or ABOVE 10
volts while the engine is cranking
or the engine management system
will not function.
No fuel - empty fuel tank
Check the fuel tank level - fill
tank(s). Open shut-off valve(s).
NOTICE: Battery voltage
must be AT or ABOVE 10
volts while the engine is cranking
or the engine management system
will not function.
No fuel to the throttle body (TBI)
or the injectors (MPI)
Plugged fuel filters.
Plugged or kinked fuel lines or
plugged fuel-tank vent.
Faulty fuel pump - check
electrical connections.
Faulty anti-siphon valve.
Engine flooded
Open the throttle 100% and crank
the engine. When the engine starts,
immediately return the throttle to
1000 RPM.
Ignition system malfunction
Contact PCM Engines Dealer.
Contaminated fuel
Check fuel for water or other
contamination. If contaminated,
drain and clean the fuel system.
L510010-04
63
TROUBLESHOOTING - 14
Malfunction
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Engine Overheats
Loose or worn drive belt(s)
Adjust or replace the belts as
necessary.
Collapsed, kinked or leaking
hoses.
Replace the hoses.
Transmission/engine oil cooler
plugged
Remove the water hoses and flush
in opposite direction of the normal
flow.
Faulty thermostat
Replace the thermostat.
Sea-water intake valve
partially/fully closed.
Open the valve completely.
Restricted sea-water pickup
Remove restriction.
Faulty temperature sending unit
or gauge
Test and replace as necessary.
Sea-water pump impeller worn or
damaged
Replace the impeller.
Coolant level low in the fresh-water
section of the cooling system
Check the cooling system for leaks.
Refill the system. See Warning
before removing the fill cap.
Heat exchanger passages plugged
with scales and debris
Clean and flush the exchanger.
Improper coolant mixture
Install the proper coolant mixture
(50% antifreeze - 50% water).
Faulty thermostat
Replace the thermostat.
Faulty temperature sender
Replace the temperature sender.
Faulty oil pressure sending unit
or gauge
Test and replace as necessary.
Oil level low
Add specified oil. Check the engine
for leaks.
Crankcase overfilled causing oil
aeration
Remove the required amount of oil.
Determine the cause of overfilled
condition (improper filling, etc.).
Diluted or improper grade/
viscosity of oil
Change the oil and filter.
Determine the cause of dilution.
(insufficient engine temperature,
excessive idling, etc.)
The following applies to engines
equipped with Fresh-Water
Cooling (FWC) systems.
Insufficient engine temperature
Engine oil pressure low
L510010-04
64
TROUBLESHOOTING - 14
Malfunction
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Transmission slipping erratic operation
Low oil level
Add specified oil. Check the
transmission for leaks.
Transmission overfilled causing
oil aeration
Drain required amount of oil.
Transmission shift lever not fully
engaged
Adjust the shift linkage and remote
control. Check the shift cables for
freedom of movement and
binding.
Contaminated fluid
Determine and correct the
contamination source and change
the fluid.
Ignition system malfunction
Contact PCM Engines Dealer.
Plugged fuel filters
Replace the fuel filters.
Faulty fuel pump.
Have fuel pump replaced by a
PCM Engines Dealer/
Plugged or kinked fuel lines or
fuel tank vent
Repair or replace the fuel lines.
Remove obstruction.
Anti-siphon valve faulty
Clean or replace as necessary.
Flame arrestor dirty
Clean the flame arrestor.
Ignition malfunction
Contact PCM Engines Dealer.
Throttle not fully open
Check the remote control and
throttle body linkage for freedom
of movement and proper adjustment.
Damaged or improper propeller
Repair or replace as necessary.
Excessive water in the bilge
Pump the water out and investigate
source of entry.
Excessive growth on the boat
bottom
Clean the bottom and paint with an
anti-fouling paint.
Boat overloaded
Reduce and/or redistribute the load.
Dirty flame arrestor
Clean the flame arrestor.
Engine overheating
Repair the cooling system (See
“Engine Overheats”).
Engine misses, runs rough
and/or backfires
Poor engine or boat
performance
L510010-04
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Figure 15-1 Raw-Water Cooling System (5.0/5.7L Modular Raw Water Pump)
L510010-04
66
= Drain Locations
= RAW WATER FLOW
Knock Sensor
Torque 20 N.m (15 lb ft)
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS - 15
= Drain Locations
= RAW WATER FLOW
= FRESH WATER FLOW
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS - 15
Figure 15-2 Fresh-Water Cooling System (5.0/5.7L)
L510010-04
67
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS - 15
3
4
2
1
A
2
Remove Hose from
raw water pump and
drain hose
completely
5
6
1
7
= RAW WATER FLOW
= FRESH WATER FLOW
= 7 Drain Locations
IMPORTANT: Accessory (i.e. heater, hot water tank) Hook Up
A tee may be inserted anywhere in the specified hose for most
appropriate routing.
Location 1 - Water OUT to heater or hot water tank
Location 2 - Water RETURN from heater or hot water tank
NOTE: Location A is the cooling system bypass. This bypass hose MUST NOT be
tampered with. DO NOT hook up any external accessories (i.e. heaters, hot water
tanks) at this location.
Figure 15-3 Fresh-Water Cooling System (6.0L)
L510010-04
68
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS - 15
DRAIN
= Optional Drain Kit
The drain kit does not ensure that all of the
water will drain out of the system. Engine
angle, routing of drain hose, and restricted
drain fittings are some things that could
prevent all of the water from draining
completely.
Figure 15-4 Water Drain kit - Optional (6.0L)
L510010-04
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Figure 15-5 Raw-Water Cooling System (8.1L)
L510010-04
70
= Drain Locations
= RAW WATER FLOW
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS - 15
= Drain Locations
= FRESH WATER FLOW
= RAW WATER FLOW
To Engine
Block
To Engine
Block
WATER FLOW DIAGRAMS - 15
Figure 15-5 Fresh-Water Cooling System (8.1L)
L510010-04
71
INSTRUMENTATION WIRING DIAGRAMS - 16
ENGINE
HARNESS
WIRE HARNESS COLOR CHART
CIRCUIT
NUMBER
CIRCUIT
NAME
ENGINE HARNESS
WIRE COLOR
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
GROUND
TACHOMETER
WATER TEMPERATURE
ENGINE ALARM
IGNITION
BATTERY
STARTER
OIL PRESSURE
CHECK ENGINE LIGHT
DATA LINE
BLACK
GRAY
TAN
TAN/BLACK
PURPLE/WHITE
RED/WHITE
YELLOW/RED
LT. BLUE
BROWN/WHITE
ORANGE/BLACK
1
2
10
3
4
NOTE A : POWER FOR A FUSED ACCESSORY PANEL MAY BE TAKEN FROM
THIS LOCATION. LOAD CANNOT EXCEED 30 AMPS.
A
Figure 16-1 Typical Instrumentation Wiring
L510010-04
72
9
7
5
NOTE: ENGINE HARNESS WIRED FOR PANELS USING VOLTMETERS ONLY.
8
6
LITERATURE - 17
To obtain service and/or parts literature for your PCM
Marine Engine, contact the following:
PCM Engines
Pleasurecraft Engine Group
Publications Department
1737 Highway 76 East
Little Mountain, SC 29075
1. SERVICE: For more detailed information,
PCM has a detailed service manual available.
This manual contains complete engine and
component disassembly and reassembly
instructions. Troubleshooting and maintenance
charts are also included.
2. PARTS: Parts manuals with exploded views for
service parts are available for all current engine
models.
IMPORTANT: When contacting the factory for service
information, be sure to include your engine model and
serial number to insure the service information you
receive is correct.
L510010-04
73
FORMS - 18
PCM WARRANTY TRANSFER APPLICATION
The remainder of the original PCM limited warranty is transferable within thirty (30) days of date of sale by the original owner/user to a subsequent
purchaser for the remainder of the unused portion of the original warranty term, provided the engine does not have in excess of 300 hours. The original
date of sale or original in-service date (whichever comes first) begins the warranty coverage period.
Direct Sale by Owner/Dealer Promo/Ski Show User/ or First Operator:
• The second purchaser can be registered as the owner and retain the unused portion of the warranty term by sending the following:
-
Original owner’s Warranty Registration Card
Copy of Bill of Sale/Sales Contract/Operator Contract
Completed Warranty Transfer Application
Warranty transfer fee
Transfer Fee:
• The fee for transfer is $100.00. The applicable transfer fee must be submitted via certified check within 30 days of date of sale along with
the transfer application information to:
Pleasurecraft Engine Group
P.O. Drawer 369
Little Mountain, S.C., 29075
• A Warranty Registration Card will be issued to the second owner, reflecting the change has been made in the factory computer.
OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA, CONTACT YOUR LOCAL PLEASURECRAFT DEALER OR WARRANTY SERVICES AT (803) 345-0050 FOR MORE INFORMATION
ON HOW TO APPLY TO THIS PROGRAM.
IMPORTANT! PURCHASER NOTICE: The checks listed below are designed to insure safety and satisfaction. A step-by-step procedure for pre-delivery
can be found in Course 1 of the PCM E-Train Program. Therefore, we require the following inspection be performed at your expense by a qualified
technician prior to delivery. By signature the technician certifies that he/she has checked the installation and operation of the engine and finds it to be
performing properly. All terms in the Limited Warranty located in the Engine Owners Manual still apply.
ENGINE MODEL:
ENGINE SERIAL:
TRANS. SERIAL:
ENGINE HOURS:
HULL SERIAL #:
Pre-Delivery Checklist
Belt and Pulley: Inspect
for Damage
All Drain Plugs: Confirm
Proper Installation
Check for Bulletins
Engine Oil: Check
Drive Lube: Check
All Fuel Lines:
Confirm No Leaks
Battery Rating, Charge, and Level:
All
Oil Lines:
Type Information
Check
Confirm No Leaks
Control Adjustments:
All Water Lines:
Confirm Proper Operation To Prevent
Confirm No Leaks
Gauges: Check for
Proper Operation
Electrical Wiring: Check
for Proper Installation
Processing Delay
Record Propeller Size, Rotation and WOT
WOT RPM_________Diameter_________ Pitch_________Rotation__________
Record Fuel Pressure, Idle ______
Record Fuel Pressure, WOT ______
Trouble Codes Checked
Trouble Codes Cleared
Dealer Reviewed Warranty with Owner
DATE OF SALE (2ND Owner)
/
/
DATE OF SALE (1st Owner/1st Operator)
(New Owner)
NAME:
(Previous Owner)
NAME:
ADDRESS:
ADDRESS:
CITY,STATE, ZIP
CITY,STATE, ZIP
I hereby certify the pre-delivery checklist on engine #
(Technician Signature, Dealer & Date)
/
and have corrected any abnormality revealed by this inspection.
(Seller’s Signature & Date)
L510010-04
74
/
(Purchaser’s Signature & Date)
FORMS - 18
PCM
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY TERM LIMITS
This list does not, in any way, modify the official Limited Warranty Statement of PCM. This list has been compiled only
as a general outline of year and hour limits imposed on different models of PCM engines. Please review the official
Limited Warranty Statements on the following pages for specific terms and limitations as they apply to the particular
engine / component involved.
ENGINE MODEL YEAR:
WARRANTY COVERAGE TERM:
1992 & OLDER
1 year, 200 hours. Engine and Transmission.
1993
2 years, 200 hours. Engine and Transmission
1994 - 1996
3 years, 200 hours, Ford engine. 2 years, 200 hours Transmission.
2 years, 200 hours, GM engine. 2 years, 200 hours. Transmission.
1997* - 1999
3 years, unlimited hours, Ford and GM. 2 years, unlimited hours Transmission.
2000
3 years, unlimited hours, Ford and GM. 3 years, unlimited hours Transmission.
2001**
3 years, unlimited hours, Ford and GM. 3 years, unlimited hours Transmission
2002 **
3 years, unlimited hours, Ford and GM. 3 years, unlimited hours Transmission
2003
3 years, unlimited hours, GM. 3 years, unlimited hours Transmission
2004
3 years, unlimited hours, GM. 3 years, unlimited hours Transmission
Base Engine
1 year, 200 hours with exclusions.
Note:
* 1997 model year engine in a Correct Craft vessel offered 3 Year Warranty on GM engines
* 1997 PCM and later model year engines offered transferable warranty. (Does not apply to any earlier model)
** Special 25th Anniversary Edition PCM Ford GT-40 engines have a fourth year of product protection on all internal
engine components supplied by Ford Power Products.
PCM OWNERSHIP CHANGE NOTICE
If you are the new owner of a Pleasurecraft Marine Engine on which the warranty has expired and would like to inform
Pleasurecraft of your ownership for notification purposes in case of Service Updates, Recalls, etc., complete the section
below and return by mail to PCM. PO Drawer 369, Little Mountain, SC 29075.
ENGINE MODEL:
_________________________
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER:
_________________________
TRANS. MODEL:
_________________________
TRANS. SERIAL NUMBER:
_________________________
(New Owner) NAME: _____________________________________________________________________________
ADDRESS:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
CITY,STATE,ZIP: ________________________________________________________________________________
DATE OF PURCHASE: ___________________________________________________________________________
(Previous Owner)NAME: _________________________________________________________________________
ADDRESS: _____________________________________________________________________________________
CITY,STATE,ZIP: ________________________________________________________________________________
L510010-04
75
FORMS - 18
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE LOG
Engine
Model and
Serial #
Port
Drive
Port
Ignition Key
Port
Stbd.
Serial #
Stbd.
Number
Stbd.
Fire Extinguisher Checked
Runs Made
Date
Gal of
Fuel
Qts of Oil
Port
Stbd.
Batteries Tested
Miles
Hours
Oil
Change
L510010-04
76
Check
Drive
Lay Up
Date
Launch
Date
Remarks
FORMS - 18
PROBLEM NOTIFICATION OR INFORMATION REQUEST FORM
IMPORTANT: All blanks MUST be completed to insure proper identification of your engine which is necessary to
properly understand your request.
When completed, mail this form to:
Engine Model
Pleasurecraft Marine
PO Drawer 369
Little Mountain, SC 29075
Engine Serial Number
Gear Serial Number
Owner Information
Name
Telephone (
)
Address
City
State
Zip
Length
Type
Selling Dealer
Dealers Address
Date of Purchase
Boat Make
Gentlemen, I would like to inform you of a problem I have experienced with the above engine. My problem is:
My boat is located at
Address
Telephone (
City
State
Requestors Signature
)
Zip
Date
L510010-04
77
NOTES - 19
L510010-04
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