Version 1.5 11-2005
Unit 1008, 10th Floor, Hongkong International Trade and Exhibition Centre
1 Trademart Drive, Kowloon Bay, Hong Kong
Tel: +852 2796 7873 Fax: +852 2796 1286 Email: info@acs.com.hk Website: www.acs.com.hk
ADT60/AET60 Reference Manual
version 1.5 November 2005
Contents
1.
Introduction........................................................................................................................... 3
2.
Features................................................................................................................................. 3
3.
Fingerprint Scanner.............................................................................................................. 4
4.
Smart card reader ................................................................................................................. 5
4.1
Supported Card Types ....................................................................................................................... 5
4.1.1
Microcontroller-based smart cards (asynchronous interface)...................................................................5
4.2
Smart Card Interface .......................................................................................................................... 5
4.2.1
Smart Card Power Supply VCC (C1).........................................................................................................5
4.2.2
Programming Voltage VPP (C6) ...............................................................................................................6
4.2.3
Card Type Selection ...................................................................................................................................6
4.2.4
Interface for Microcontroller-based Cards................................................................................................6
4.2.5
Card Tearing Protection ............................................................................................................................6
5.
Power Supply ........................................................................................................................ 7
6.
USB Interface ........................................................................................................................ 7
6.1
7.
Communication Parameters ............................................................................................................... 7
PC-Reader Communication protocol .................................................................................. 8
7.1
Command ........................................................................................................................................... 8
7.1.1
Normal Command (Length < 255 bytes)....................................................................................................8
7.1.2
Extended Command ...................................................................................................................................9
7.2
Response.......................................................................................................................................... 10
7.2.1
No transmission error with normal response (Length < 255 bytes) ........................................................10
7.2.2
No transmission error with extended response ........................................................................................11
7.2.3
Transmission error...................................................................................................................................11
7.3
Reset Message................................................................................................................................. 12
7.4
Card Status Message ....................................................................................................................... 12
7.5
Transmission Protocol ...................................................................................................................... 13
8.
Smart Card Commands ...................................................................................................... 15
8.1
Control Commands........................................................................................................................... 15
8.1.1
GET_ACR_STAT......................................................................................................................................15
8.1.2
SET_PROTOCOL ....................................................................................................................................16
8.1.3
SELECT_CARD_TYPE ............................................................................................................................17
8.1.4
RESET ......................................................................................................................................................18
8.1.5
SET_NOTIFICATION ..............................................................................................................................18
8.1.6
SET_PPS_MODE.....................................................................................................................................19
8.2
Card Commands (MCU-based Card)............................................................................................... 19
8.2.1
RESET ......................................................................................................................................................19
8.2.2
POWER_OFF ..........................................................................................................................................20
8.2.3
EXCHANGE_APDU ................................................................................................................................20
8.2.4
EXCHANGE_T1_FRAME........................................................................................................................21
Appendix A: Supported Card Types .......................................................................................... 22
Appendix B: Response Status Codes ....................................................................................... 23
Appendix C: Technical Specifications....................................................................................... 24
Appendix D: Recommended Device Cleaning Procedures ...................................................... 25
D.1
D.2
D.3
Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 25
Periodic Cleaning.............................................................................................................................. 25
User Cleaning ................................................................................................................................... 25
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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1.
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Introduction
The ACS ADT60 BioSIMKey / AET60 BioCARDKey is a device which combines a fingerprint scanner and a
smart card reader/writer. The fingerprint scanner (TouchChip) makes use of the Active Capacitive-Sensing
Technology from STMicroelectronics. The reader/writer part enables the communication between a
computer (for example, a PC) and a smart card.
Since fingerprints cannot be lost, duplicated, stolen or forgotten, the TouchChip product is regarded as
something that provides a more reliable and convenient solution than traditional security devices. With the
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey, security is improved further by storing the fingerprint templates inside a SIM card
instead of the PC. This not only provides a more secure environment but it also enhances portability and
eliminates privacy concerns. It also gives the user the flexibility of being able to carry their fingerprint
template with them, assured with the knowledge that no one else can use their smart card should it become
lost or stolen.
In the present state of the smart card industry, different types of smart cards use different commands and
different communication protocols. In most cases, this situation prevents the direct communication between
a smart card and a computer. The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey Reader/Writer establishes a uniform interface
between the computer and the smart card for a wide variety of cards. By taking care of the card-specific
particulars, it releases the computer software programmer from getting involved with the technical details of
the smart card operation, which in many cases are not relevant for the implementation of a smart card
system.
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey is connected to the computer through a USB interface. The device accepts a
command from the computer, carries out the specified function on the TouchChip and the smart card and
returns the requested data or status information back to the computer.
2.
Features
Ideal for laptop users – can be carried in your pocket
Enhanced security by requiring a fingerprint instead of PIN or password
Active Capacitive-Sensing Technology ensures highest quality images
ISO7816-1/2/3 compatible smart card interface
Supports CPU-based cards with T=0 and/or T=1 protocol
Support PPS (Protocol and Parameters Selection) with 9600 – 115200 bps in reading and writing into
smart cards
Full speed USB interface
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Fingerprint Scanner
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey is built around the TouchChip Silicon fingerprint sensor. It is a fast, reliable and
inexpensive fingerprint peripheral, which can be used to authenticate users of computers and all kinds of
information technology devices.
The TouchChip device is suitable for applications such as desktop access control, network security, Internetbased applications and commercial verification and identification systems. It contains all the necessary
biometric components: fingerprint sensing, image optimization and matching. Application Programming
Interface (API) is also provided for easy integration into applications and to save a lot of development time.
(Please refer to Programmer’s Guide for more information on API.)
TouchChip active capacitive sensing provides a much higher immunity to parasitic effects leading to a higher
signal-to-noise ratio and the ability to capture a wider range of fingerprints than competing technologies,
such as passive capacitive sensing.
Typically there are two processes involved in a biometric application:
Enrollment:
Before the identity of an individual can be verified via his/her fingerprints, it is necessary to capture one or
several fingerprint samples. This process is called enrollment. The samples are referred to as fingerprint
templates and can be stored on a broad range of media such as computer storage devices or smart cards.
Verification:
The verification process requires a user to verify his identity by placing his finger on the fingerprint scanner
sensor. The live fingerprint is compared with a stored template using a matching algorithm in order to
determine whether they represent the same set of fingerprints. The matching result is then made available
to the computer.
When using the fingerprint device, the security level is mainly governed by two parameters:
False Acceptance Rate (FAR):
FAR is the probability that a false sample matches with the original template previously extracted from the
subject’s fingerprint images during enrollment.
False Rejection Rate (FRR):
FRR is the rate at which the system incorrectly rejects a legitimate attempt to verify.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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4.
Smart card reader
4.1
Supported Card Types
version 1.5 November 2005
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey can operate MCU card with T=0 and T=1 protocol. The table presented in
Appendix A explains which card type selection value must be specified for the various card types supported
by the reader.
4.1.1 Microcontroller-based smart cards (asynchronous interface)
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey supports EEPROM microcontroller-based cards with internal programming
voltage (VPP) generation and the following programming parameters transmitted in the ATR:
PI1 = 0 or 5
I = 25 or 50
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey performs the Protocol and Parameters Selection (PPS) procedure as
specified in ISO7816-3: 1997.
When the card ATR indicates the specific operation mode (TA2 present; bit b5 of TA2 must be 0) and that
particular mode is not supported by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey, the reader will reset the card and set it to
negotiable mode. If the card cannot be set to negotiable mode, the reader will reject the card.
When the card ATR indicates the negotiable mode (TA2 not present) and communication parameters other
than the default parameters, the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey will execute the PPS and try to use the
communication parameters that the card suggested in its ATR. If the card does not accept the PPS, the
reader will use the default parameters (F=372, D=1).
For the meaning of the aforementioned parameters, please refer to ISO7816, part 3.
4.2
Smart Card Interface
The interface between the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey and the inserted smart card follows the specifications of
ISO7816-3 with certain restrictions or enhancements to increase the practical functionality of the
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey.
4.2.1 Smart Card Power Supply VCC (C1)
The current consumption of the inserted card must not be higher than 50mA.
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4.2.2 Programming Voltage VPP (C6)
According to ISO 7816-3, the smart card contact C6 (VPP) supplies the programming voltage to the smart
card. Since all common smart cards in the market are EEPROM based and do not require the provision of
an external programming voltage, the contact C6 (VPP) has been implemented as a normal control signal in
the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey. The electrical specifications of this contact are identical to those of the signal
RST (at contact C2).
4.2.3 Card Type Selection
The controlling PC has to always select the card type through the proper command sent to the
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey prior to activating the inserted card.
For MCU-based cards the reader allows the user to select the preferred protocol, T=0 or T=1. However, this
selection is only accepted and carried out by the reader through the PPS when the card inserted in the
reader supports both protocol types. Whenever an MCU-based card supports only one protocol type, T=0 or
T=1, the reader automatically uses that protocol type, regardless of the protocol type selected by the
application.
4.2.4 Interface for Microcontroller-based Cards
For microcontroller-based smart cards only the contacts C1 (VCC), C2 (RST), C3 (CLK), C5 (GND) and C7
(I/O) are used. A frequency of 4 MHz is applied to the CLK signal (C3).
4.2.5 Card Tearing Protection
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey provides a mechanism to protect the inserted card when it is suddenly
withdrawn while it is powered up. The power supply to the card and the signal lines between the
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey and the card are immediately deactivated while the card is being removed. As a
general rule, however, to avoid any electrical damage, a card should only be removed from the reader
while it is powered down.
NOTE - The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey never does by itself switch on the power supply to the inserted card. This action must be
explicitly done by the controlling computer through the proper command sent to the reader.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Power Supply
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey requires a voltage of 5V DC, 100mA, and regulated, power supply. The
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey gets the power supply from the PC through the cable supplied along with the
device.
Status LEDs
Red LED on the front of the reader indicate the activation status of the smart card interface:
Red LED
6.
Indicates power supply to the smart card is switched on, i.e., the smart card is activated.
USB Interface
The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey is connected to a computer through a USB following the USB standard.
6.1
Communication Parameters
The BioCardKey/BioSIMKey is connected to a computer through USB as specified in the USB Specification
1.1. The BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey is working in full speed mode, i.e. 12 Mbps.
USB Interface Wiring
Pin
Signal
Function
1
VBUS
+5V power supply for the reader
2
D-
Differential signal transmits data between BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey and
PC.
3
D+
Differential signal transmits data between BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey and
PC.
4
GND
Reference voltage level for power supply
NOTE - In order for the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey to function properly through the USB interface, ACS PC/SC device driver has to be
installed. Please refer to the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey Device Driver Installation Guide for more detail.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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7.
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PC-Reader Communication protocol
During normal operation, the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey smart card reader acts as a slave with regards to the
communication between a computer and the device. The communication is carried out in the form of
successive command-response exchanges. The computer transmits a command to the reader and receives
a response from the reader after the command has been executed. A new command can be transmitted to
the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey smart card reader only after the response to the previous command has been
received.
There are only two cases where the reader transmits data without having received a command from the
computer, namely, the Reset Message of the reader and the Card Status Message.
7.1
Command
7.1.1 Normal Command (Length < 255 bytes)
A command consists of four protocol bytes and a variable number of data bytes and has the following
structure:
Byte
1
2
3
4 ... N+3 (0<N<255)
N+4
Header
Instruction
Data length = N
Data
Checksum
Header
Always 01H to indicate the start of a command.
Instruction
The instruction code of the command to be carried out by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey
Data Length
Number of subsequent data bytes. (0 < N < 255)
Data
Data contents of the command.
For a READ command, for example, the data bytes would specify the start address and the
number of bytes to be read. For a WRITE command, the data bytes would specify the start
address and the data to be written to the card.
The data bytes can represent values to be written to a card and/or command parameters
such as an address, a counter, etc.
Checksum
The checksum is computed by XORing all command bytes including header, instruction,
data length and all data bytes.
The following example shows the structure of a command with instruction code = 91H and three data bytes
with the values 11H, 22H and 33H, respectively:
byte
1
01 H
2
91 H
3
03 H
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4
11 H
5
22 H
6
33 H
7
93 H
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7.1.2 Extended Command
A command consists of six protocol bytes and a variable number of data bytes and has the following
structure:
byte
1
2
3
4
5
6 ... N+5
N+6
(N>0)
Header
Instruction
Data Length = N
FFH
Data
Checksum
Data Length N
Header
Always 01H to indicate the start of a command.
Instruction
The instruction code of the command to be carried out by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey.
Data Length
Number of subsequent data bytes, and is encoded in 3 bytes. The first byte is FFH. The
second byte and the third byte represent data length N.
Data
Data contents of the command.
For a READ command, for example, the data bytes would specify the start address and the
number of bytes to be read. For a WRITE command, the data bytes would specify the start
address and the data to be written to the card.
The data bytes can represent values to be written to a card and/or command parameters
such as an address, a counter, etc.
Checksum
The checksum is computed by XORing all command bytes including header, instruction,
data length and all data bytes.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Response
The response from the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey to any command depends on whether the command has
been received by the reader without error (e.g., checksum error).
7.2.1 No transmission error with normal response (Length < 255 bytes)
The response by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey to a correctly received command consists of three protocol
bytes, two status bytes and a variable number of data bytes and has the following structure:
byte
1
2
3
4
5 ... N+4
N+5
(0<N<255)
Header
SW1
SW2
Data length = N
Header
Always 01H to indicate the start of the response.
SW1
Indicates the command execution status:
Data
Checksum
90 H
=
command successfully executed
60 H
=
error in command data; command cannot be executed
67 H
=
error detected in command execution
FFH = status message initiated by the reader
SW2
Further qualification of the command execution status.
A table listing the possible values of the status bytes SW1 and SW2 and the corresponding
meaning is given in Appendix B.
Data Length
Number of subsequent data bytes (0 < N < 255)
Data
Data contents of the command.
For a READ_DATA command, for example, the data bytes would contain the contents of
the memory addresses read from the card. The data bytes can represent values read from
the card and/or status information.
Checksum
The checksum is computed by XORing all response bytes including header, status bytes,
data length and all data bytes.
The following example shows the structure of the response to a command which has successfully been
executed and which returns three data bytes with the values 11H, 22H and 33H, respectively:
byte
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
01 H
90 H
00 H
03 H
11 H
22 H
33 H
92 H
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7.2.2 No transmission error with extended response
The response by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey to a correctly received command consists of three protocol
bytes, two status bytes and a variable number of data bytes and has the following structure:
byte
1
2
3
Header
SW1
SW2
4
5
6
7 ... N+6
(N>0)
N+7
Data
Checksum
Data length = N
FFH
Data Length N
Header
Always 01H to indicate the start of the response.
SW1
Indicates the command execution status:
90 H = command successfully executed
60 H = error in command data; command cannot be executed
67 H = error detected in command execution
FFH = status message initiated by the reader
SW2
Further qualification of the command execution status.
A table listing the possible values of the status bytes SW1 and SW2 and the corresponding
meaning is given in Appendix B.
Data Length
Number of subsequent data bytes, and is encoded in 3 bytes. The first byte is FFH. The
second byte and the third byte represent data length N.
Data
Data contents of the command.
For a READ_DATA command, for example, the data bytes would contain the contents of the
memory addresses read from the card. The data bytes can represent values read from the
card and/or status information.
Checksum
The checksum is computed by XORing all response bytes including header, status bytes,
data length and all data bytes.
7.2.3 Transmission error
If the receiving party of a command (i.e., the BioSIMKey) or a response (i.e., the computer) detects an error
in the data length or the checksum of a command, it disregards the received data and sends a "NOT
ACKNOWLEDGE" message to the transmitting party upon completion of the faulty transmission. The "NOT
ACKNOWLEDGE" message consists of two bytes:
byte
1
05H
2
05 H
If the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey responds with a 'NOT ACKNOWLEDGE' message to a command from the
computer, the computer would normally transmit the command again.
If the computer detects a transmission error in a response from the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey, it can send
the 'NOT ACKNOWLEDGE' to the reader upon which the reader will transmit the most recent response
again.
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7.3
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Reset Message
A reset of the reader occurs automatically whenever the reader is being powered up. A reset can also be
actuated through the RS-232/USB interface.
In either case the reader transmits one time a Reset Message, which has the same structure as the normal
response to a command and the following contents:
byte
BAUD
1
2
3
4
5
6
Header
SW1
SW2
Data length
Data
Checksum
01 H
FF H
00 H
01 H
BAUD=12 H
Indicates the hardware baud rate setting (default baud rate), which is set to 9600 bps (this is
only valid in the RS232 reader).
The reader does not expect an acknowledge signal from the computer. After transmitting the Reset
Message the reader is waiting for the first command from the computer.
7.4
Card Status Message
When a card is being inserted into the reader or an inserted card is being removed from the reader while the
reader is idle, i.e., not executing a command, the reader transmits a Card Status Message to notify the host
computer of the change in the card insertion status.
In a system where these unsolicited messages from the reader to the computer are not desired, they can be
disabled with the SET_NOTIFICATION command. Please note that the setting made with this command is
volatile and will be lost with the next reader reset or power up. By default, the Card Status Message will be
transmitted by the reader after a reset.
The Card Status Messages have the following structure and contents:
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Card Status Message for Card Insertion
byte
1
2
3
4
5
Header
SW1
SW2
Data length
Checksum
01 H
FF H
01 H
00 H
FF H
Card Status Message for Card Removal
byte
1
2
3
4
5
Header
SW1
SW2
Data length
Checksum
01 H
FF H
02 H
00 H
FC H
A card status message is transmitted only once for every card insertion or removal event. The reader does
not expect an acknowledge signal from the computer. After transmitting a status message, the reader waits
for the next command from the computer.
NOTE
- If the card is being removed from the reader while a card command is being executed, the
reader will transmit a normal response to the computer with the response status bytes indicating the card
removal during command execution (see Appendix B: Response Status Codes).
7.5
Transmission Protocol
The start of a command (to the reader) or a response (from the reader, including the Reset Message and
Card Status Messages) is indicated by the respective party through the transmission of the single byte Startof-Text (STX) character with the value 02H.
The end of a command or response is indicated through the single byte End-of-Text (ETX) character with
the value 03H.
Within the command and response transmission only ASCII characters representing the hexadecimal (hex)
digits 0...F are used. Each byte of a command or response is split into its upper and lower half byte (nibble).
For each half byte is transmitted the ASCII character representing the respective hex digit value. For
example, to transmit the data byte 3AH, two bytes are actually sent on the interface, namely, 33H (ASCII
code for '3') followed by 41H (ASCII code for 'A'):
Data byte value
Transmitted values
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
3AH
33 H = '3'
41H = 'A'
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The following example shows the transmission of a command with instruction code A2H and one data byte
with the value 3DH. The command has the following structure:
byte
1
2
3
4
5
Header
Instruction
Data length
Data
Checksum
01H
A2H
01H
3DH
9FH
This command is transmitted on the serial interface in 12 bytes as follows:
byte
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
STX
'0'
'1'
'A'
'2'
'0'
'1'
'3'
'D'
'9'
'F'
ETX
02H
30H
31H
41H
32H
30H
31H
33H
44H
39H
46H
03H
For the representation of the hex half-byte values as the corresponding ASCII characters in commands, the
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey accepts both upper case characters 'A' ... 'F' (41H ... 46H) and lower case
characters 'a' ... 'f' (61H ... 66H):
byte
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
STX
'0'
'1'
'A'
'2'
'0'
'1'
'3'
'D'
'9'
'F'
ETX
02H
30H
31H
41H
32H
30H
31H
33H
44H
39H
46H
03H
is equivalent to:
byte
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
STX
'0'
'1'
'a'
'2'
'0'
'1'
'3'
'd'
'9'
'f'
ETX
02H
30H
31H
61H
32H
30H
31H
33H
64H
39H
66H
03H
In its response messages, the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey uses upper case characters 'A' ... 'F'.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Smart Card Commands
The commands executed by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey smart card reader can generally be divided into
two categories, namely, Control Commands and Card Commands.
Control Commands control the internal operation of the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey. They do not directly affect
the card inserted in the reader and are therefore independent of the selected card type.
Card Commands are directed toward the card inserted in the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey. The structure of
these commands and the data transmitted in the commands and responses depend on the selected card
type.
8.1
Control Commands
8.1.1 GET_ACR_STAT
This command returns relevant information about the particular BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey model and the
current operating status, such as, the firmware revision number, the maximum data length of a command
and response, the supported card types, and whether a card is inserted and powered up.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
01 H
00 H
Response data format
INTERNAL
MAX_C
MAX_R
C_TYPE
C_SEL
C_STAT
INTERNAL 10 bytes data for internal use only
MAX_C
The maximum number of command data bytes.
MAX_R
The maximum number of data bytes that can be requested to be transmitted in a response.
C_TYPE
The card types supported by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey. This data field is a bitmap with each
bit representing a particular card type. A bit set to '1' means the corresponding card type is
supported by the reader and can be selected with the SELECT_CARD_TYPE command. The
bit assignment is as follows:
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byte
1
card type
2
15 14 13 12 11 10 9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
See Appendix A for the correspondence between these bits and the respective card types.
C_SEL
The currently selected card type as specified in a previous SELECT_CARD_TYPE command.
A value of 00H means that no card type has been selected.
C_STAT
Indicates whether a card is physically inserted in the reader and whether the card is powered
up:
00H : no card inserted
01H : card inserted, not powered up
03H : card powered up
8.1.2 SET_PROTOCOL
This
command
is
used
to
control
the
line
speed
of
the communication channel between
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey reader and host device. The line speed of the communication is controlled by two
factors, namely, the Delay Factor and the Baud Rate.
Command format
Instruction
Code
Data length
Data
DELAY N
03 H
01 H
To change only the Delay Factor (for RS232 reader only), or
Instruction
Code
Data length
03 H
02 H
Data
DELAY N
BAUD RATE
to change the Delay Factor and the Baud Rate (for RS232 reader only).
DELAY
Determines the time delay inserted by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey between two
consecutive bytes sent in order to adapt to slower host system speeds. The time delay is
given by N * 0.1msec, with N ranging from 0 ... 255 (00 - FFH). The default value is N = 0
(delay changes only valid on RS232 reader).
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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BAUD RATE
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Selects the baud rate (bps) of the serial interface between reader and host system. The
default hardware baud rate is 9600 bps. (Baud rate changes are only valid on RS232
reader).
BAUD RATE
Serial baud rate (bps)
12H
9600
11H
19200
10H
38400
03H
14400
02H
28800
01H
57600
00H
115200
Response data format
No response data
The new protocol becomes effective by the completion of the SET_PROTOCOL command, immediately
after the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey has sent out the response string to the SET_PROTOCOL
command.
8.1.3 SELECT_CARD_TYPE
This command sets the required card type. The firmware in the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey adjusts the
communication protocol between reader and the inserted card according to the selected card type.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
Data
TYPE
02 H
TYPE
01 H
See Appendix A for the value to be specified in this command for a particular card to be used.
Response data format
No response data
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8.1.4 RESET
This section describes the RESET command only for the case when no card type is selected or when the
card type 00H is selected. For all other cases, please refer to the specific section described for each
individual card type.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
80 H
00 H
Response data format
ATR
ATR
The answer-to-reset string returned by the card.
The return status code for this command is 90 00H when the inserted card is a T=0 card and 90 01H when
the inserted card is a T=1 card, otherwise the status code is 60 20H.
8.1.5 SET_NOTIFICATION
This command disables / enables the Card Status Messages transmitted by the reader to notify the host
computer of the insertion or removal of a card.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
Data
NOTIFY
06 H
NOTIFY
01 H
Specifies whether the Card Status Message shall be transmitted to notify the host computer of
card insertion / removal
01H : transmit Card Status Message
02H : do not transmit Card Status Message
Response data format
No response data
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8.1.6 SET_PPS_MODE
This command selects the PPS mode to be used
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
07 H
01 H
Data
PPS_Mode
NOTIFY
Specifies whether the Card Status Message shall be transmitted to notify the host computer of
card insertion / removal
00H : baud rate to/from the card is from 9600 bps to 115200 bps (default)
01H : baud rate to/from the card is at 9600 bps only
Response data format
No response data
8.2
Card Commands (MCU-based Card)
The available commands and the parameters specified in the card commands as well as the data
transmitted in the response from the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey depend on the selected card type.
8.2.1 RESET
This command powers up the card inserted in the card reader and performs a card reset. If the card is
powered up when the command is being issued, only a reset of the card is carried out. The power supply to
the card is not switched off.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
80 H
00 H
Response data format
ATR
ATR
Answer-To-Reset as transmitted by the card according to ISO7816-3.
NOTE - The ATR is only returned in the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey response if the communication protocol of the card is compatible
with the reader, i.e., if the card can be processed by the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey. Otherwise, the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey returns an
error status and deactivates the smart card interface.
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8.2.2 POWER_OFF
This command powers off the card inserted in the card reader.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
81 H
00 H
Response data format
No response data
8.2.3 EXCHANGE_APDU
To exchange an APDU (Application Protocol Data Unit) command/response pair between the MCU card
inserted in the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey and the host computer.
Command format
Instruction
Data
Code
length
LEN
Data
CLA
INS
P1
P2
Lc
BYTE 1
...2
...
BYTE N
Le
A0 H
LEN
Length of APDU command data, N, + 6 (0 < N ≤ MAX_R)
CLA
APDU instruction class byte
INS
APDU instruction
P1
APDU parameter byte 1
P2
APDU parameter byte 2
Lc
APDU command data length
BYTE x
APDU command data
Le
Expected APDU response data length (Le = 0 means no data is expected from the card)
NOTE - With the T=0 communication protocol it is not possible to transmit data to the card and from the card in a single commandresponse pair. Hence, only either Lc or Le can be greater than 0 in an EXCHANGE_APDU command when a T=0 card is in the reader.
If both parameters have a value greater than 0, the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey does not execute the command and returns an error
status.
Response data format
BYTE 1
BYTE x
...
...
BYTE N
SW1
SW2
Response data from card (if any)
SW1, SW2 Status code returned by the card.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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8.2.4 EXCHANGE_T1_FRAME
To exchange an APDU (Application Protocol Data Unit) command/response pair between the MCU card
inserted in the BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey and the host computer using T1 protocol.
Command format
Instruction Code
Data length
Data
LEN
T1 BLOCK FRAME
A1 H
LEN
Length of APDU command data, N
DATA
T1 Block frame to be sent to the card
Response data format
BYTE 1
BYTE x
...
...
BYTE N
Response T1 Block from card (if any)
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Appendix A: Supported Card Types
The following table summarizes which values must be specified in the SET_CARD_TYPE command for a
particular card type to be used, and how the bits in the response to the GET_ACR_STAT command
correspond with the respective card types.
Cyber-mouse card type code
Card Type
00H
Auto-select T=0 or T=1 communication protocol
0CH
MCU-based cards with T=0 communication protocol
0DH
MCU-based cards with T=1 communication protocol
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Appendix B: Response Status Codes
The following table summarizes the possible status code bytes SW1, SW2 returned by the
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey:
SW1
SW2
Status
90
00
OK – command successfully executed
90
01
OK – using T=1 protocol (only in response to the RESET command)
90
10
OK – synchronous protocol is used (only in response to the RESET command). The exact
card type should be selected by using the SELECT_CARD_TYPE command.
60
01
No card type selected
60
02
No card in reader
60
03
Wrong card type specified
60
04
Card not powered up;
This status code is also returned in a response if the card was temporarily removed during
a card access.
60
05
Invalid Instruction Code
60
20
Card failure
60
22
Short circuit at card connector
62
01
Secret code verify failed
67
01
Command incompatible with card type
67
02
Card address error
67
03
Data length error
67
04
Invalid length of response (with READ command)
67
05
Secret code locked
67
12
APDU command aborted (only MCU-based card using T=1 protocol); the command
abortion may be caused by a card internal failure.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Appendix C: Technical Specifications
Device
BioCARDKey/BioSIMKey Fingerprint Scanner & Smart Card Reader/Writer
Power supply
Supply voltage ....................................... Regulated 5V DC
Supply current ....................................... < 100mA (without smart card)
Universal Serial Bus Interface
Type....................................................... USB, four lines: +5V, GND, D+ and DConnector .............................................. supplied together with the reader
Speed .................................................... 1.5 Mbps
Fingerprint Scanner Interface
Power supply ......................................... USB powered
Power consumption .............................. Max 100 mA @ 5.5V
Active sensor size ................................. 12.8 x 18 mm
Array size .............................................. 256 x 360 pixels
Array pitch ............................................ 50 microns
Image resolution ................................... 508 DPI
ESD tolerant ......................................... +/- 15kV
Smart Card Interface
Standard ................................................ ISO 7816 1/2/3, T=0 and T=1
Supply current ....................................... max. 50mA
Smart card read / write speed ............... 9600 – 115200 bps
Short circuit protection .......................... +5V / GND on all pins
The presence of the smart card power supply voltage is indicated through a red LED on the reader
CLK frequency....................................... 4 MHz
Card connector ...................................... sliding contacts (8 contacts)
Card insertion cycles ............................. min. 100,000
Case
ADT60 BioSIMKey:
Dimensions............................................ 66.5mm (L) x 30mm (B) x 16mm (H)
AET60 BioCARDKey:
Dimensions............................................ 105mm (L) x 65mm (B) x 18mm (H)
Operating Conditions
Temperature .......................................... 0 - 40° C
Operation humidity ................................ 5% - 95%
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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Appendix D: Recommended Device Cleaning Procedures
D.1 Introduction
The key elements of image quality are the consistency within the actual image and the background of the
image. Software algorithms are more accurate and generally faster when the image quality is consistent and
the background has not changed dramatically. Dirty residue, oils, or other material on the surface of the
TouchChip may obscure the image, leaving parts of the image unrecognizable, or creating false features
within the image. Regular use of the TouchChip may leave residue or other foreign materials on the surface.
Performance degradation in terms of False Match and False Non-Match are indicative of such problems.
It is recommended that the sensor be visually inspected and periodically cleaned as described in section
D.2. It is also recommended that before each touch, the sensor be cleaned as described in section D.3.
D.2 Periodic Cleaning
Dampen a lint-free cloth or cotton swab with alcohol or acetone. Gently rub the cloth across the sensor
surface in a left and right direction. Move slowly down the sensor to cover the entire surface area. Repeat
this process 4 times. Visually observe that no residual solution remains on the sensor. After performing the
periodic cleaning operation, a surface conditioning is suggested to obtain the maximum performance from
the TouchChip sensor. Dampen a lint-free cloth with fragrance-free moisturizing lotion, and gently rub the
cloth across the sensor. Make sure that all the lotion will be removed as completion of the cleaning process.
Acid-based fluids, and abrasive materials are not recommended for cleaning the TouchChip.
D.3 User Cleaning
Before each authentication, it is recommended that the user simply wipe the sensor with her/his finger, and
then position the finger for the authentication. With this action we assure that residue from previous usage
will be removed hence giving the best surface conditioning.
 Advanced Card Systems Ltd.
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